Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth DiseasesDental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Root Caries: Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Faculty, Nursing: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Tin Fluorides: Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). The latter is used in the prevention of dental caries.Tooth Mobility: Horizontal and, to a lesser degree, axial movement of a tooth in response to normal forces, as in occlusion. It refers also to the movability of a tooth resulting from loss of all or a portion of its attachment and supportive apparatus, as seen in periodontitis, occlusal trauma, and periodontosis. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p507 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p313)Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It seeks to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information by conducting and supporting basic and clinical research. It was established in 1948 as the National Institute of Dental Research and re-named in 1998 as the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Xylitol: A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Mouth DiseasesDental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Bruxism: A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Calcifying Nanoparticles: Protein-mineral complexes that comprise substrates needed for the normal calcium-carbonate-phosphate homeostasis. Nanobacteria was the prior name for the particles which were originally thought to be microorganisms.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Periapical Abscess: Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Gingival DiseasesPeriodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Staff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Dentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Dental Fissures: Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Betaherpesvirinae: A subfamily of HERPESVIRIDAE characterized by a relatively long replication cycle. Genera include: CYTOMEGALOVIRUS; MUROMEGALOVIRUS; and ROSEOLOVIRUS.Amphetamine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of amphetamines.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Transillumination: Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.United StatesEconomics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Streptococcus sobrinus: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Methamphetamine: A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The smokable form is a drug of abuse and is referred to as crank, crystal, crystal meth, ice, and speed.Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Dentists, Women: Female dentists.Libraries, DentalDental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Legislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Dental Restoration Repair: The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.
a b Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the ... a b Division of Oral Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC. Achievements in public ... a b c d e The British Fluoridation Society; The UK Public Health Association; The British Dental Association; The Faculty of ... Effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries in the 21st century: the WHO approach [PDF]. Community Dent. ...
Tooth decay (dental caries) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. Although it is rarely life-threatening, ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the ... The British Fluoridation Society; The UK Public Health Association; The British Dental Association; The Faculty of Public ... "Fluorine and dental caries". In Toverud G, Finn SB, Cox GJ, Bodecker CF, Shaw JH. A Survey of the Literature of Dental Caries. ...
These conditions include: Dental caries, which is the most common cause of destruction of dental hard tissues. This is more ... Prevention is of prior importance at an early developmental age as the defective tooth is more likely to have caries and post- ... Wray, A.; Welbury, R.; Faculty of Dental Surgery, Royal College of Surgeons (July 2001). "UK National Clinical Guidelines in ... Lastly oxygen shortage combined with low birth weight is suspected to be a contributing factor The distribution of disease in ...
... s (also termed pit and fissure sealants, or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces; the back teeth have fissures (grooves) and some front teeth have cingulum pits. It is these pits and fissures which are most vulnerable to tooth decay, partly because food sticks in them and they are hard-to-clean areas. Dental sealants are materials placed in these pits and fissures to fill them in, creating a smooth surface that is easy to clean. Dental sealants are mainly used in children who are at higher risk of tooth decay, and typically they are placed as soon as the adult molar teeth come through. Dental caries is an upset of the balance between loss and gain of minerals from a tooth surface. The loss of minerals from our teeth occurs from the bacteria within ...
... is an Indian public health specialist, scholar and environmentalist. The Government of India honoured her, in 2014, by awarding her the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, for her contributions to the fields of public health and environment. Micronutrient deficiency is a serious public health concern in most developing countries. In India, iron deficiency, vitamin A deficiency, and iodine deficiency disorder are of greatest public health significance. In addition, subclinical zinc deficiency, fluorosis, and fluoride-deficient dental caries are important areas of concern, writes Dr. Indira Chakravarty. Chakravarty hails from West Bengal and secured a doctoral degree (PhD) in Biochemistry from Calcutta University. This was followed by a second doctoral degree (DSc). She has been active in the food safety and hygiene milieu of India and the world in general, and has participated in 30 research projects. She has been involved ...
It is widely acknowledged in dental literature that orthodontic appliances, such as brackets, wires, and bands, as an outcome of their greater surface area, can harbour greater accumulations of plaque with more virulent changes in bacterial composition, which can ultimately cause a reduction in periodontal health as indicated by increased gingival recession, bleeding on probing, and plaque retention measurements.[22] Furthermore, fixed appliances makes plaque control more challenging and restricts the natural cleaning action of the tongue, lips, and cheek to remove food and bacterial debris from tooth surfaces, and also creates new plaque stagnation areas that stimulate the colonisation of pathogenic bacteria.[23] It is the general consensus among dental academia that patients undergoing orthodontic treatment maintain a high level of plaque control through not only conscientious toothbrushing, but also proximal surface cleaning via ...
In dentistry, the approximal surfaces are those surfaces which form points of contact between adjacent teeth. However, in diastemic individuals these surfaces may not make contact but are still considered approximal. Due to the topography of approximal sites the removal of plaque by brushing may be difficult and hence a significant build-up may occur increasing the risk of plaque-related diseases such as dental caries or gingivitis. It is recommended that teeth be professionally cleaned every six months, in part, to avoid this build-up and therefore maintain the health of the dentition and surrounding tissues. Fejerskov, O; Kidd, E (2008). Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management, 2nd Edition. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-3889-5 ...
Dental radiographs are commonly called X-rays. Dentists use radiographs for many reasons: to find hidden dental structures, malignant or benign masses, bone loss, and cavities. A radiographic image is formed by a controlled burst of X-ray radiation which penetrates oral structures at different levels, depending on varying anatomical densities, before striking the film or sensor. Teeth appear lighter because less radiation penetrates them to reach the film. Dental caries, infections and other changes in the bone density, and the periodontal ligament, appear darker because X-rays readily penetrate these less dense structures. Dental restorations (fillings, crowns) may appear lighter or darker, depending on the density of the material. The dosage of X-ray radiation received by a dental patient is typically ...
... is a facultatively anaerobic, gram-positive coccus (round bacterium) commonly found in the human oral cavity and is a significant contributor to tooth decay. It is part of the "streptococci" (plural, non-italic lowercase), an informal general name for all species in the genus Streptococcus.The microbe was first described by J Kilian Clarke in 1924. This bacterium, along with the closely related species Streptococcus sobrinus, can cohabit the mouth: Both contribute to oral disease, and the expense of differentiating them in laboratory testing is often not clinically necessary. Therefore, for clinical purposes they are often considered together as a group, called the mutans streptococci (plural, non-italic due to it being an informal group name). This grouping of similar bacteria with similar tropism can also be seen in the viridans streptococci, another group of Streptococcus species. S. mutans is naturally present in the human oral microbiota, along with at least 25 other ...
... is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning, and dental hygienists can remove hardened deposits (tartar) not removed by routine cleaning. Those with dentures and natural teeth may supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaner. Careful and frequent brushing with a toothbrush helps to prevent build-up of plaque bacteria on the teeth. Electric toothbrushes were developed, and initially recommended for people with strength or dexterity problems in their hands, but they have come into widespread general use. The effectiveness of electric toothbrushes at reducing plaque formation and gingivitis is superior for reducing ...
A baby bottle is a bottle with a teat (also called a nipple in the US) to drink directly from. It is typically used by infants and young children, or if someone cannot (without difficulty) drink from a cup, for feeding oneself or being fed. It can also be used to feed non-human mammals. In particular it is used to feed infant formula, expressed breast milk or pediatric electrolyte solution. A large-sized bottle typically holds 280 ml; the small size 150 ml.[citation needed] It is composed of a bottle itself, a teat, a ring to seal the teat to the bottle, a cap to cover the teat and optionally a disposable liner. The height-to-width ratio of bottles is high (relative to adult cups) because it is needed to ensure the contents flood the teat when used at normal angles; otherwise the baby will drink air. However, if the bottle is too tall, it easily tips. There are asymmetric bottles that ensure the contents flood the teat if the bottle is held at a certain direction. The teat itself is generally ...
... refers to the use of dental technologies or devices to carry out dental procedures rather than using mechanical or electrical tools. The use of digital dentistry can make carrying out dental procedures more efficient than using mechanical tools, both for restorative as diagnostic purposes. 'Godfather' of Digital Dentistry is the French professor François Duret, who invented dental CAD/CAM in 1973. Some of the technologies used in digital dentistry include: CAD/CAM and intraoral imaging - both laboratory- and clinician-controlled Photogrammetry-based intraoral scanning (software-driven) Caries diagnosis Computer-aided implant dentistry - including design and fabrication of surgical guides Digital radiography - intraoral and extraoral, including cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) Electric and surgical/implant handpieces Occlusion and ...
The Hall Technique is a non-invasive treatment for decayed baby back (molar) teeth. Decay is sealed under preformed (stainless steel) crowns, avoiding injections and drilling. It is one of a number of biologically orientated strategies for managing dental decay. The technique has an evidence-base showing that it is acceptable to children, parents and dentists and it is preferred over standard filling techniques, due to the ease of application and overall patient comfort as young patient don't have to undergo traumatic injections. Preformed metal crowns are now recommended as the optimum restoration for managing carious primary molars. There are now 5 randomised control trials that have shown the Hall Technique to be superior to other methods for managing decay in baby teeth but there is a lack of evidence to conclude that the Hall technique is superior to placing preformed metal crowns in a conventional manner. Initial fears over the potential problem with sealing ...
The CDR computerized assessment system (CDR system) is a computerized battery of cognitive tests designed in the late 1970s by Professor Keith Wesnes at the University of Reading in Berkshire, England, for repeated testing in clinical trials. Task stimuli are presented in a laptop computer and participants respond via 'YES' and 'NO' buttons on a two-button response box, which records both the accuracy and reaction time. The CDR system is a computer based cognitive testing tool, developed to assess both enhancement and impairment of human cognitive performance. The CDR system's simplicity, sensitivity and specificity makes it acceptable to be used in clinical trials with either healthy subjects or diseased patient populations. The CDR system software is loaded onto laptop computers for testing in medical clinics. An internet version of the CDR system is available using keyboard commands to measure responses. Ancillary equipment is used for specific cognitive tests such as a postural stability ...
A toothache is a pain felt in a person's tooth, normally when the tooth is hurt. A tooth can be hurt by tooth decay caused by plaque or by an injury.. ...
Technologies include, but not limited to, rigid or flexible borescopes, videoscopes, fiberscopes, push cameras, pan/tilt/zoom cameras and robotic crawlers. Remote are commonly used where distance, angle of view and limited lighting may impair direct visual examination or where access is limited by time, financial constraints or atmospheric hazards. RVI/RDVI is commonly used as a predictive maintenance or regularly scheduled maintenance tool to assess the "health" and operability of fixed and portable assets. RVI/RDVI enables greater inspection coverage, inspection repeatability and data comparison. The "remote" portion of RVI/RDVI refers to the characterization of the operator not entering the inspection area due to physical size constraints or potential safety issues related to the inspection environment. ...
50 percent of children on Medicaid received dental care in 2016 causing dental caries to become the most common chronic disease ... Crean College Faculty Spotlight: Dr. Brennan Peterson Marriage and Family Therapy Professor and Expert in the Study of ... faculty * 1st Annual Health Science Research Day - Held at the Rinker Campus ... The audience was primarily made up of Chapman faculty and staff, MFT students,and members of the local community who were ...
... show that high rates of dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay, is among the most common chronic conditions affecting ... AEEDC Dubai comes at a time when the latest research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, USA, ... RAK College of Dental Sciences, University of Sharjah, Umm Al Qura University and King Abdulaziz University Faculty of ... AEEDC Dubai hosts 15th Global Scientific Dental Alliance Meeting. *Home. *AEEDC Dubai hosts 15th Global Scientific Dental ...
Dental caries, in particular, is considered "the single most common chronic childhood disease, and is most common in lower ... including caries detection, diagnosis, risk assessment, management, and prevention, are evaluated by faculty from the ... The management and prevention of dental caries beyond the restoration of tooth structure must be incorporated into existing ... Dental caries is a disease of multifactorial etiology. Effective risk assessment should evaluate all factors involved with the ...
Dental caries is a major public health problem in most countries. Caries is a chronic disease starting long before it ... For this purpose, the focus in caries research has recently shifted to prevention of dental caries and remineralization of ... Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dentistry Faculty, University of Necmettin Erbakan. ... dental caries, preventive dentistry. Said Karabekiro lu, Nimet nl . The Importance and Role of Early Prevention Practices in ...
Office of the Surgeon General.; National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (U.S.);] ... Dental caries prevention --. Periodontal disease prevention --. Oral cancer prevention and early detection --. Summary --. ... Acute and chronic oral-facial pain --. Temporomandibular disorders --. A mirror, a model, and a better understanding of disease ... Sex and racial-ethnic composition of dental personnel --. Student indebtedness and its effects --. Personnel needs for faculty ...
Prevention and control of dental caries and periodontal diseases at individual and population level: consensus report of group ... Periodontitis as a chronic non-communicable disease and impact on health. Periodontitis is now considered a chronic non- ... a)Universidad de Chile, Faculty of Dentistry, Center for Surveillance and Epidemiology of Oral Diseases, Santiago, Chile. ... Interaction of lifestyle, behaviour or systemic diseases with dental caries and periodontal diseases: consensus report of group ...
With dental caries being a common chronic disease in children and adults, oral health literacy is needed to improve oral health ... In discussions after the surveys, the students reported that they had received inconsistent messages from faculty members ... Assessing Dental Hygiene Students and Community Caregivers Knowledge of Strategies for Caries Prevention. Lisa E. Bress, ... Assessing Dental Hygiene Students and Community Caregivers Knowledge of Strategies for Caries Prevention ...
... times more likely to suffer from untreated dental caries when compared to white children.1 High rates of Early Childhood Caries ... An Early Childhood Caries Prevention Program American Indian children are four ... chronic pain, tooth loss, dental disease, poor nutrition, impaired growth, and poor general health. 3 Dental disease has also ... Great Beginnings for Healthy Native Smiles: An Early Childhood Caries Prevention Program. American Indian children are four ...
Early childhood caries, better known as tooth decay or cavities, is the No. 1 chronic, yet totally preventable, disease in ... Yet pediatric dental care is not easily accessible in every community. To address the oral health disparity, the UCLA School of ... Media contacts at UCLA Media advisories News releases Images About UCLA: Fast facts Media guide to faculty experts Journalist ... and Hernandez is a prevention specialist at the Community Coalition in South L.A. Gómez, who graduates in 2020, plans to pursue ...
Professor Pitts continued on saying: "Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic disease in the world, yet it is largely ... Faculty of Dentistry and Nursing, Ibn Sina National College, Oman Dental College, RAK College of Dental Sciences, and ... drawing together research and guidance from across the globe with the aim of opening dialogues around caries prevention and ... The UAE International Dental Conference and Arab Dental Exhibition (AEEDC Dubai 2016) will continue until 4th of February and ...
Dietary analysis and nutritional counselling for caries prevention in dental practise: a pilot study. Australian Dental Journal ... K. Ingram (MPhil candidate, University of Newcastle). The Economic Impact of Oral Health on Chronic Disease.. J. Chuanon (MPhil ... Member of the Australian Dental Council. • Conjoint Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle ... Dietary analysis and nutritional counselling for caries prevention in dental practise: a pilot study. Australian Dental Journal ...
We should strengthen the education of oral health and more dental care services should be performed. ... Shenzhen Municipal Hospi tal for prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases,Shenzhen 518020,Guangdong,P.R .China);Retrospective ... 2.Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China);The Cost-Effectiveness of ART and Resin Sealant on Caries ... analysis of prevalence of dental caries in pupils of Shenz hen City[J];China Tropical Medicine;2005-02. ...
Prevalence and socioeconomic determinants of dental sealant use among schoolchildren in Saudi Arabia ... Dental caries is the most common preventable chronic disease of childhood [1]. The prevalence of dental caries in children has ... community education on the values of dental sealants in the prevention of dental caries should be part of any oral health ... 1Department of Preventive Dental Sciences; 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz ...
Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases all over the world and Streptococcus mutans is its main etiological agent ... that is why the prevention approach and the search of new ways for the treatment of dental caries are very important. ... in chronic disease diagnostics, and in biomedical sensors [7]. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can ... 4Faculty of Science, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosi, Salvador Nava Avenue s/n, Universitary Campus, 78290 San Luis ...
... will join forces in an effort to develop a comprehensive interprofessional program to reduce the burden of childhood dental ... disease in Michigan. The effort is made possible by the U.S. ... had untreated caries lesions," she said.. "Dental caries is an ... While childhood dental caries is relatively inexpensive to prevent, dental decay is the most prevalent chronic condition among ... "represent a unique coalition of interested groups whose focus will be on interprofessional prevention of this disease, because ...
The Clearing House builds oral health promotion capacity and fosters the development and implementation of effective prevention ... dental caries experience has declined in Australia. However, dental caries still remains one of the commonest chronic diseases ... US National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, ... Digital Marketing Officer, Faculty of Health Sciences Last updated: 9 May 2016 ...
DENTAL CARE in ELDERLIES. A. Haerian , DDS, PhD Associate Professor in Periodontics. Aging Demographics: The ... little data/effort regarding prevention • Oral diseases have a disproportionate effect on the elderly • • oral disease/systemic ... PULPITIS Inflammation of dental pulp Main source for dental pain Causes Dental caries- the most common cause Traumati ... approximately 200 faculty and 5,000 practitioners with appropriate training will be needed • Current dental practice is " ...
1. Define early childhood caries and discuss the prevalence of this disease in the IHS and your Area.. 2. Identify best ... The Medically Complex Dental Patient. 1. List the best practices for managing dental patients with chronic medical conditions. ... The 2012 dental conference will include current and relevant oral health topics related to dental prevention, malpractice, ... None of the faculty/planners for this activity has a conflict of interest, and there is no use of unlabeled or investigative ...
Published article number: 3566 - Evaluating the impact of a community developed collaborative project for the prevention of ... early childhood caries: the Healthy Smile Happy Child project ... healthy living strategies and prevention of chronic disease.. ... Journal of Dental Research 2006; 85(2): 172-176.. 36. Azarpazhooh A, Main PA. Fluoride varnish in the prevention of dental ... 1, 3, 5, 11 University of Manitoba - Faculty of Health Sciences, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada ...
... and integrity in our mission of education supporting oral health professionals and those allied with the dental industry. ... peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nations leading educators and researchers. ... is an effective strategy for reducing the incidence of caries among children, especially those at high risk. ... and dental caries.1 More than 51 million school hours are lost each year because of dental disease.2 Children who experience ...
Effects of Two Sugar Substituted Chewing Gums on Caries and Gingivitis Variables. *Dental Plaque ... Department of Periodontology, Institute of Clinical Odontology, Dental Faculty, University of Oslo. Oslo, Norway ... Primary Purpose: Prevention. *difference between the two groups using the Plaque Index by Quigley and Hein modified by Turesky ... Pre-procedural Mouthwash in Reducing Bacteria in Dental Aerosols. *Chronic Periodontitis. *Procedure: Dental prophylaxis ...
... and integrity in our mission of education supporting oral health professionals and those allied with the dental industry. ... peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nations leading educators and researchers. ... The standard of care for patients who have received definitive treatment for chronic or aggressive periodontitis is a 3-month ... Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults. Cochrane Database Syst ...
a b Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the ... a b Division of Oral Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC. Achievements in public ... a b c d e The British Fluoridation Society; The UK Public Health Association; The British Dental Association; The Faculty of ... Effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries in the 21st century: the WHO approach [PDF]. Community Dent. ...
Chronic caries infection and missing teeth are also risk factors for systemic diseases such as stroke and cardiovascular ... In this way, prevention could be implemented at a young age when caries can be prevented more easily. High-risk children can ... Information for students, faculty and staff regarding COVID-19. (Updated: 1 July 2020) ... Dental costs, including those pertaining to caries treatment, amount to 5 % of global health care-related costs. Caries is the ...
Background: Dental caries is a prevalent chronic disease that can be mitigated by forms of diet therapy. Cheese is one food ... Prevention and Treatment of Peri-implant Diseases: Current Evidence on Cleaning of Titanium Dental Implant Surfaces. ... This online searchable library contains over 950 CATs written by student/faculty teams, and about 150 new CATs are added ... Keywords: cariostatic, cheese, dental caries, diet therapy, oral health, systematic review. ▼▲ Abstract. fulltext (no access ...
  • Dental media is reviewed and mapped by identifying important clinical information sources in dentistry. (
  • Dentistry is an independent medical branch which includesтdiagnostics, prevention, and the treatment of the diseased states of the oral cavity and teeth. (
  • He is an active member of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry, American Association of Pediatric Dentistry and International Association of Dental Research. (
  • Mina Khayamzadeh Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, International Campus, Tehran, Iran. (
  • Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Research is published to serve its readers as a forum for the presentation and discussion of issues pertinent to the advancement of the specialty of dentistry, oral health and the evidence-based knowledge of craniofacial growth and development. (
  • The journal is a peer -reviewed scientific journal dedicated to the dissemination of new knowledge and information on all science relevant to dentistry and to the oral cavity and associated structures in health and disease. (
  • Dentistry journal encourages the publication of new information by providing a platform for reporting of unique, unusual and rare cases which enhance understanding of disease process, its diagnosis, management and clinico-pathologic correlations and serve its readers as an international forum for the presentation and critical discussion of issues. (
  • Research has shown that preventive oral health services save money over the course of a childhood, observed moderator Susan Fisher-Owens, clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), School of Medicine, and clinical professor of preventive and restorative dental sciences in the UCSF School of Dentistry. (
  • The clinical activity of the Dentistry Unit covers all dental disciplines, from rehabilitation of the compromised masticatory function to smile aesthetics, medicine and pathology of the oral cavity, as well as early diagnosis of oral cancer. (
  • The Dentistry Unit is also home to the Master's Degree Course in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics, the Degree Course in Dental Hygiene, and the teaching activity of the Dental Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the San Raffaele Vita-Salute University and the International MD Medicine Program offered in English. (
  • The Dentistry Unit has a multidisciplinary approach and collaborates with dental professionals with decades of experience, speakers in national and international conferences on the subject, and authors of numerous works and scientific publications. (
  • Get Free Burt And Eklund's Dentistry, Dental Practice, And The Community Textbook and unlimited access to our library by created an account. (
  • Completely revised and updated by members of the American Association of Public Health Dentistry, Burt and Eklund's Dentistry, Dental Practice, and the Community, 7th Edition presents dentistry and dental practice against the ever-changing backdrop of economic, technological, and demographic trends, as well as the distribution of the oral diseases that dental professionals treat and prevent. (
  • These are among the tips a dentist can discuss with parents during a free dental screening for children who are first time patients of the UofL School of Dentistry. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) encourages parents to find a dental home for their baby as soon as the child's first tooth erupts. (
  • Comparison between the commonly used radiographic techniques for intra oral imaging in dentistry - A questionnaire study: International Journal of Dental Research:5(2), (2017), 157-162. (
  • By the start of primary school nearly a third (29%) of children will have dental decay at a level where treatment is required. (
  • There will be no necessity for any child of yours to develop dental caries or tooth decay if the simple procedures that I am outlining shall be adequately carried out. (
  • and the principle that guided him throughout his career-a principle most people have difficulty comprehending, even today-was that only a good diet, one that supplied the body with an abundance of nutrients, can confer good health, epitomized by broad facial development during the growing years and freedom from dental decay throughout life. (
  • Newer theories on the a aetiology of tooth decay and transmission of causative organisms highlight the fact that dental caries is an infectious and communicable disease. (
  • Oral diseases, including tooth decay, gum disease and cancer, facial pain, and oral and pharyngeal cancers, affect millions of Americans every year, but many of these health issues go undiagnosed or untreated. (
  • Dr. Thompson is a proud Graduate, Clinical Instructor and Faculty member of the prestigious Kois Center. (
  • They belong to various professional organizations like the American Public Health Association, the Society for Prevention Research, and the Society for Clinical Trials. (
  • I have 35 years of experience, and specialize in the field of clinical child psychology with specific knowledge in the areas of chronic disability, pain in children and psychosomatic disorders. (
  • The purpose of this course is to provide clinicians with a better understanding of the cellular components of the oral hard and soft tissues, supplying a scientific basis upon which clinical decisions for dental treatment can be made. (
  • Pre-clinical training is offered in state of art dental simulation laboratories and the clinical training is offered in a JCI accredited Thumbay Dental Hospitals. (
  • This program is tailored to provide the maximum clinical exposure to the dental students in the region. (
  • 5.8 Develop and implement strategies for the clinical assessment and management of caries. (
  • The clinical indications of chronic oral GVHD may include sclerosis, hyperkeratotic plaques, lichenoid lesions, and limited oral aperture. (
  • 2011. Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) - an update: Part 1: Pathophysiology, clinical features and classifcation of GvHD. (
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease: biological insights from preclinical and clinical studies. (
  • The aim of this study was to assess the prescribing decisions of general dentists and endodontists in British Columbia regarding analgesics and antibiotics in clinical scenarios that involve endodontic disease. (
  • Our lab seeks to translate these improvements to clinical studies, and to use the methods to better understand physiology in health and disease. (
  • Salivary DNA is routinely applied in many clinical laboratories for the purposes of assessment of individual's genetic predisposition towards some diseases. (
  • The limited surveillance information available about dental prescribing practices gives considerable cause for concern that far too many prescriptions are written that are not consistent with current clinical practice guidelines. (
  • Clinical question: Is the promotion of oral health within a dental practice effective and how can its effects be optimized? (
  • 3 A growing recognition that no robust (controlled) clinical studies supported this theory meant that it went into abeyance, especially as the studies into dental plaque improved our understanding of the pathogenesis of dental diseases. (
  • 5 The diagnosis of peri-implant disease requires the use of probing techniques to identify the presence or absence of bleeding, pain and suppuration, all of which indicate clinical inflammation. (
  • Clinical profile of rheumatic disease patients referred to a multidisciplinary pain center. (
  • The AAFP offers clinical resources to help you discuss the health risks associated with developing oral disease. (
  • 1979). P. gingivalis is a black-pigmented gram-negative anaerobic rod and a secondary colonizer of dental plaque requiring antecedent organisms. (
  • Evidence-based dental practice depends on access to relevant and credible information. (
  • We have high seen significant increases in the percentage of the population registered with a dental practice 8 and have decreased the percentage of the Primary 1 child population suffering from dental disease by around 25% 9 . (
  • 4.3 Apply quality assurance concepts in dental practice management. (
  • As key health professionals in eating disorder treatment, dietitians are well positioned to provide basic dental screening, however, their capacity to perform this role in practice has not been established. (
  • Dietitians form part of the primary care team for eating disorders and therefore are well positioned to provide basic dental screening and education, however, their capacity to perform this role in practice has not been established. (
  • The Federation Dentaire Internationale, or FDI World Dental Federation, has adopted new policies that impact the practice of dental hygiene internationally. (
  • The oral health impact of this practice was demonstrated, for example, in the data from the first Adult Dental Health Survey of the UK in 1968 which found that 71% of those aged 55 or older were edentulous, almost certainly representing the consequences of this approach in the first half of the century. (
  • Prognostic classification systems have become an integral part of dental practice because they provide direct guidance in planning treatment. (
  • Family medicine faculty and family physicians can access online courses, downloadable content, information about prevention programs by state, and learn about incorporating oral health services into classrooms and family practice settings. (
  • Particular importance is given to the prevention, thanks to the center of Oral Hygiene and Prevention, which also manages the follow-up of all patients undergoing treatment at the Unit and is in charge of early interception by means of salivary diagnostic tests and provides treatment of the most common paediatric oral diseases. (
  • Transmission from caregivers with high levels of S. mutans can be delayed or prevented by the caregiver initiating a prevention program for that includes meticulous oral hygiene. (
  • Meet your objective business sector With individuals from and around the globe concentrated on finding out about oral care and dental hygiene, this is the best chance to achieve the biggest collection of members from everywhere throughout the world. (
  • Widely acclaimed speakers, the latest methods, strategies, and the most up to date renovations in dental education and dental hygiene are signs of this meeting. (
  • They'll inform parents about teething, proper oral hygiene habits, normal tooth development, and trauma prevention. (
  • What Happens When Other Associations Speak for Dental Hygiene? (
  • Dental hygiene and dental associations create policies for their memberships to follow. (
  • 120 patients gave their consent to participate in further questionnaire studies and to evaluate the condition of their teeth decorated with dental jewellery along with oral hygiene according to the API. (
  • These were women, in 62% young, under the age of 30, who had been wearing dental jewellery from several months to more than 6 years, 95% of them cleaned their teeth with sufficient frequency, 85% used additional hygienic products, which in 85% ensured the consequent fairly good oral hygiene. (
  • Effective prevention, early detection, and treatment of the oral sequelae associated with dry mouth require aggressive management by both dentist and patient along with interdisciplinary care. (
  • K .A comparative study to diagnose the accuracy of E-speed film, complimentary metal oxide semiconductor and storage phosphor systems in the detection of proximal caries: An in vitro study. (
  • Dr. Crystal lectures to primary care dental provider audiences worldwide, and has numerous publications in the areas of Caries Prevention and Management, Minimal Interventions Techniques, and Patient Centered Outcomes with the use of SDF. (
  • Early childhood caries (ECC) can be a particularly virulent form of caries, beginning soon after primary tooth eruption, usually developing first on smooth surfaces, progressing rapidly, having a lasting detrimental impact on the dentition. (
  • 4 Additionally, the emphasis on disease prevention and on maintaining a functional dentition throughout life hastened the end of the era of adherence to the belief in focal infection. (
  • Here at Integrative Oral Medicine, Dr. Thompson and our highly trained team perform a very thorough cavity examination and provide comprehensive, customized treatment recommendations to assist in breaking the cycle of repeated tooth damage, costly repairs and possible further disease processes from this preventable infection. (
  • The School of Dental Medicine seeks to enroll students with the academic background, personality, and motivation to enjoy and profit from our educational program and to become the best possible dental practitioners. (
  • As the only public dental school in New England, the School of Dental Medicine participates in the New England Regional Program and gives preference and reduced tuition rate to residents of Connecticut and the rest of New England. (
  • The Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) is a 5 year undergraduate competency-based program spanning over 10 semesters, offering a total of 190 credits. (
  • Faculty of Medicine of Comenius University founded in 1919 is one of the oldest and most prestigious faculties of the Comenius University. (
  • The first Faculty of Medicine was established in 1769 in the Slovak Republic at Trnava University. (
  • Its Faculty of Medicine was founded in April 1918. (
  • The first staff of professors of the Faculty of Medicine Comenius University in Bratislava, who also represented the leadership of Comenius University, consisted of professors originally working at Charles University in Prague. (
  • The first President of Comenius University was a professor of Internal Medicine Kristian Hynek, MD. and the first dean of the Faculty of Medicine was a professor of Gynecology Gustav Müller, MD.Since September 21, 1919, the Faculty of Medicine Comenius University was the first and only faculty of the new University of Bratislava. (
  • Theoretical institutes were established in the academic year 1922/23, which created conditions for teaching in all years of study at the Faculty of Medicine. (
  • In addition to undergraduate studies, the Faculty of Medicine became the base of postgraduate education in the form of in-service training for general practitioners. (
  • Not only were Slovak students interested in studying at the Faculty of Medicine in Bratislava, but students from abroad also showed their interest. (
  • In the late 1930s, mainly due to the political changes after the forced departure of the Czech professors, the educational process and the development of medical specialties involved members of the first generation of Slovak physicians - graduates from the Faculty of Medicine. (
  • And in all cases, prevention is the best medicine. (
  • It seems most of the people are not able to come out of the hype of allopathic medicine for the cure of the disease, which can be easily argued. (
  • If patients on warfarin who require dental surgery have an INR of below 4.0, they can usually receive their dental treatment in primary care without needing to stop their warfarin or adjust their dose. (
  • 2.1 Apply appropriate interpersonal and communication skills that allow the effective delivery of dental treatment. (
  • 2010. Corticosteroid regimens for treatment of acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GvHD) after allogenic stem cell transplantation. (
  • In view of the increasing antibiotic resistance, the introduction of natural anti-infective agents has brought a new era in the treatment of bacterially derived oral diseases. (
  • Articles about the causes and treatment of peri-implant disease are now being published. (
  • 8°. 1117 F 8 Wallace (J. Sim), Essay on the irregularities of the teeth with special reference to a theory of causaUon and the principles of prevention and treatment. (
  • This paper aims to provide a brief explanation of the connection between epigenetics and CP, highlighting why an understanding of epigenetic influences is important to the dental clinician if early diagnosis and management approaches of CP are to be more effective. (
  • Patient survival after diagnosis of oral chronic GVHD is within 4.5 years in 50% of the cases, thus it is not regarded as a determinant factor in patient survival. (
  • Diagnosis and management of chronic graft-versus-host disease. (
  • Diagnosis and management of acute graft-versus-host disease. (
  • Generic Amixen is created by pharmacy specialists to struggle with dangerous infections spread by bacteria such as infections of urinary tract, skin, ear, nose or throat, pneumonia, salmonella infection, bronchitis and sexually transmitted diseases. (
  • Members of the dental profession restore and extract teeth, manipulate gingival tissues, and retract mucosal tissues bathed in saliva every day. (
  • Disease related to peri-implant mucosal inflammation (PIMI) has been reported as one of the major factors leading to failure of dental implants. (
  • The college is in collaboration with reputed and prestigious international universities like Tokyo Medical and Dental University in Japan, Kiehl University in Germany, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences in India, San Raffaele Dental School in Italy, British University and Ain Shams University in Egypt. (
  • If I mentioned poor diet, excess sugar intake, alcohol and tobacco use as risk factors for non-communicable diseases, what conditions immediately spring to mind? (
  • Well, this provides a unique prevention opportunity, with dental professionals able to identify risk factors, such as smoking, alcohol intake or diet at an early opportunity and provide evidence based behaviour change advice and support such as referral to stop smoking services. (
  • Diet intake and caries status among final year students in IIUM Kuantan Campus. (
  • Funded by a one-year bridge grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Great Beginnings for Healthy Native Smiles aims to understand the social, cultural, environmental, and structural factors associated with ECC and to create a program that will reduce the burden in two American Indian communities. (
  • So wrote Dr. Weston A. Price, author of Nutrition and Physical Degeneration , the classic work on the relation of diet to disease, to his nieces and nephews in the year 1934, signing the letter, "Lovingly, Uncle Weston. (
  • We also require strategies to keep the disease under control with proper maintenance regime and prevent tooth loss, because it can result into complicated prosthetic rehabilitation in a very young patient. (
  • Early in the twentieth century William Hunter, a British doctor, developed the theory of focal infection after noting links between oral sepsis and diseases of other body organs which he attributed to the dissemination of organisms or toxic products from the mouth. (
  • The research team includes key tribal healthcare providers, cultural experts, faculty and staff at NAU, and internationally recognized researchers in ECC within indigenous populations. (
  • Common prevention strategies like sealants and fluoride can help prevent cavities, but sometimes that's not quite enough - and patients can be surprised and disappointed when they need "fillings. (
  • Alexandria, VA, USA - At the 95th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), researcher Gary Slade, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA presented an abstract titled "Overlap of Facial Pain and Pain Elsewhere: Anatomical Location Matters. (