Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.
Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Hospital department providing dental care.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.
Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.
A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.
Decreased salivary flow.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
Schools for children usually under five years of age.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.
Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.
The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.
Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Proteins and peptides found in SALIVA and the SALIVARY GLANDS. Some salivary proteins such as ALPHA-AMYLASES are enzymes, but their composition varies in different individuals.

The identification of agreed criteria for referral following the dental inspection of children in the school setting. (1/1744)

AIM: To clarify the function of the school based dental inspection. OBJECTIVE: For representatives of the Community Dental Service, General Dental Service and Hospital Dental Service to identify an agreed set of criteria for the referral of children following school dental inspection. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology used to establish a consensus for the inclusion of referral criteria following dental screening. SETTING: Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England. MATERIALS: A Delphi technique was used to establish a consensus amongst the study participants on the inclusion of nine possible criteria for referral following dental screening. All participants scored each criterion in the range 1-9, with a score of 1 indicating that referral of individuals with the condition should definitely not take place, and a score of 9 indicating referral should definitely take place. Referral criteria were accepted only if they achieved a group median score of 7 or more, with an interquartile range of three scale points, with the lower value being no less than 7. RESULTS: Four of the nine possible criteria met the agreed group standard for inclusion: 'Sepsis', 'Caries in the secondary dentition', 'Overjet > 10 mm', and 'Registered & caries in the permanent dentition'. CONCLUSION: It is possible to agree clear criteria for the referral of children following the school dental inspection.  (+info)

Purification and properties of bacteriolytic enzymes from Bacillus licheniformis YS-1005 against Streptococcus mutans. (2/1744)

To find a novel lytic enzyme against cariogenic Streptococci, strains showing strong lytic activity have been screened from soil using Streptococcus mutans. A strain identified as Bacillus licheniformis secreted two kinds of lytic enzymes, which were purified by methanol precipitation, CM-cellulose chromatography, gel filtration, and hydroxyapatite chromatography. The molecular weights of these two enzymes, L27 and L45, were 27,000 and 45,000, respectively. Optimum pH and temperature of both enzymes for lytic activity were pH 8 and 37 degrees C. L27 and L45 digest the peptide linkage between L-Ala and D-Glu in peptidoglycan of Streptococcus mutans. The lytic activity was highly specific for Streptococcus mutans, suggesting their potential use as a dental care product.  (+info)

Regulated expression of the Streptococcus mutans dlt genes correlates with intracellular polysaccharide accumulation. (3/1744)

Intracellular polysaccharides (IPS) are glycogen-like storage polymers which contribute significantly to Streptococcus mutans-induced cariogenesis. We previously identified and cloned a locus from the S. mutans chromosome which is required for the accumulation of IPS. Sequencing of this locus revealed at least four contiguous open reading frames, all of which are preceded by a common promoter region and are transcribed in the same direction. Analysis of the amino acid sequence deduced from the first of these open reading frames (ORF1) revealed domains which are highly conserved among D-alanine-activating enzymes (DltA) in Lactobacillus rhamnosus (formerly Lactobacillus casei) and Bacillus subtilis. The deduced amino acid sequences derived from ORF2, -3, and -4 also exhibit extensive similarity to DltB, -C, and -D, respectively, in these microorganisms. However, Southern hybridization experiments indicate that this operon maps to a locus on the S. mutans chromosome which is separate from the glgP, glgA, and glgD genes, whose products are known mediators of bacterial IPS accumulation. We therefore assigned a new dlt designation to the locus which we had formerly called glg. We maintain that the dlt genes are involved in S. mutans IPS accumulation, however, since they complement a mutation in trans which otherwise renders S. mutans IPS deficient. In this study, we found that expression of the S. mutans dlt genes is growth phase dependent and is modulated by carbohydrates internalized via the phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system (PTS). We demonstrated that the S. mutans dlt genes are expressed constitutively when non-PTS sugars are provided as the sole source of carbohydrate. Consistent with a role for the PTS in dlt expression is a similar constitutive expression of the dlt genes in an S. mutans PTS mutant grown in a chemically defined medium supplemented with glucose. In summary, these findings support a novel role for the dlt gene products in S. mutans IPS accumulation and suggest that dlt expression in this oral pathogen is subject to complex mechanisms of control imposed by growth phase, dietary carbohydrate, and other factors present in the plaque environment.  (+info)

Interactions of Streptococcus mutans fimbria-associated surface proteins with salivary components. (4/1744)

Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as the major causative agent of human dental caries. S. mutans binds to saliva-coated tooth surfaces, and previous studies suggested that fimbriae may play a role in the initial bacterial adherence to salivary components. The objectives of this study were to establish the ability of an S. mutans fimbria preparation to bind to saliva-coated surfaces and determine the specific salivary components that facilitate binding with fimbriae. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) established that the S. mutans fimbria preparation bound to components of whole saliva. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot techniques were used to separate components of whole saliva and determine fimbria binding. SDS-PAGE separated 15 major protein bands from saliva samples, and Western blot analysis indicated significant binding of the S. mutans fimbria preparation to a 52-kDa salivary protein. The major fimbria-binding salivary protein was isolated by preparative electrophoresis. The ability of the S. mutans fimbria preparation to bind to the purified salivary protein was confirmed by Western blot analysis and ELISA. Incubation of the purified salivary protein with the S. mutans fimbria preparation significantly neutralized binding of the salivary protein-fimbria complex to saliva-coated surfaces. The salivary protein, whole saliva, and commercial amylase reacted similarly with antiamylase antibody in immunoblots. A purified 65-kDa fimbrial protein was demonstrated to bind to both saliva and amylase. These data indicated that the S. mutans fimbria preparation and a purified fimbrial protein bound to whole-saliva-coated surfaces and that amylase is the major salivary component involved in the binding.  (+info)

Intranasal immunization against dental caries with a Streptococcus mutans-enriched fimbrial preparation. (5/1744)

Streptococcus mutans has been identified as the major etiological agent of human dental caries. The first step in the initiation of infection by this pathogenic bacterium is its attachment (i.e., through bacterial surface proteins such as glucosyltransferases, P1, glucan-binding proteins, and fimbriae) to a suitable receptor. It is hypothesized that a mucosal vaccine against a combination of S. mutans surface proteins would protect against dental caries by inducing specific salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies which may reduce bacterial pathogenesis and adhesion to the tooth surface by affecting several adhesins simultaneously. Conventional Sprague-Dawley rats, infected with S. mutans at 18 to 20 days of age, were intranasally immunized with a mixture of S. mutans surface proteins, enriched for fimbriae and conjugated with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) plus free cholera toxin (CT) at 13, 15, 22, 29, and 36 days of age (group A). Control rats were either not immunized (group B) or immunized with adjuvant alone (CTB and CT [group C]). At the termination of the study (when rats were 46 days of age), immunized animals (group A) had significantly (P < 0.05) higher salivary IgA and serum IgG antibody responses to the mixture of surface proteins and to whole bacterial cells than did the other two groups (B and C). No significant differences were found in the average numbers of recovered S. mutans cells among groups. However, statistically fewer smooth-surface enamel lesions (buccal and lingual) were detected in the immunized group than in the two other groups. Therefore, a mixture of S. mutans surface proteins, enriched with fimbria components, appears to be a promising immunogen candidate for a mucosal vaccine against dental caries.  (+info)

Inhibitory effect of a self-derived peptide on glucosyltransferase of Streptococcus mutans. Possible novel anticaries measures. (6/1744)

Glucosyltransferase (GTF) plays an important role in the development of dental caries. We examined the possible presence of self-inhibitory segments within the enzyme molecule for the purpose of developing anticaries measures through GTF inhibition. Twenty-two synthetic peptides derived from various regions presumably responsible for insoluble-glucan synthesis were studied with respect to their effects on catalytic activity. One of them, which is identical in amino acid sequence to residues 1176-1194, significantly and specifically inhibited both sucrose hydrolysis and glucosyl transfer to glucan by GTF-I. Double-reciprocal analysis revealed that the inhibition is noncompetitive. Scramble peptides, composed of the identical amino acids in randomized sequence, had no effect on GTF-I activity. Furthermore, the peptide is tightly bound to the enzyme once complexed, even in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Kinetic analysis using an optical evanescent resonant mirror cuvette system demonstrated that the enzyme-peptide interaction was biphasic. These results indicate that the peptide directly interacts with the enzyme with high affinity and inhibits its activity in a sequence-specific manner. This peptide itself could possibly be an effective agent for prevention of dental caries, although its effectiveness may be improved by further modification.  (+info)

The effect of water fluoridation and social inequalities on dental caries in 5-year-old children. (7/1744)

BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that water fluoridation dramatically reduces dental caries, but the effect that water fluoridation has upon reducing dental health inequalities is less clear. The aim of this study is to describe the effect that water fluoridation has upon the association between material deprivation and dental caries experience in 5-year-old children. METHODS: It is an ecological descriptive study of dental caries experience using previously obtained data from the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry's biennial surveys of 5-year-old children. This study examined the following data from seven fluoridated districts and seven comparable non-fluoridated districts in England: 1) dental caries experience using the dmft (decayed, missing, filled teeth) index; 2) the Townsend Deprivation Index of the electoral ward in which the child lived; 3) whether fluoride was present at an optimal concentration in the drinking water or not. RESULTS: A statistically significant interaction was observed between material deprivation (measured by the Townsend Deprivation Index) and water fluoridation (P < 0.001). This means that the social class gradient between material deprivation and dental caries experience is much flatter in fluoridated areas. CONCLUSION: Water fluoridation reduces dental caries experience more in materially deprived wards than in affluent wards and the introduction of water fluoridation would substantially reduce inequalities in dental health.  (+info)

Polymicrobial etiology of dental caries. (8/1744)

The present study was carried out to establish the normal bacterial oral flora and the aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora from deep seated dental caries, and to determine the antimicrobial sensitivity of the clinical isolates so obtained Streptococcus mutans (48%) and Streptococcus sanguis (20%) were the main aerobic isolates whereas Lactobacillus spp. (52%), Veillonella spp. (24%) and Actinomyces spp. (12%) were the major anaerobic isolates. Hundred percent of the samples from dental caries yielded polymicrobial isolates while in two samples from healthy individuals S. mutans was the sole isolate. As the flora changed from healthy tooth to dental caries it changed from one predominated by anaerobic gram-positive cocci to anaerobic gram-positive bacilli. All the anaerobes isolated were sensitive to metronidazole and cefotaxime, whereas all the isolated streptococci were sensitive to penicillin, erythromycin and clindamycin. Incorporation of the antibiotics in baseline restoration, if technically feasible, has been advocated.  (+info)

Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.

To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.

Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.

Prevention includes regular dental check-ups, good oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing, a balanced diet, avoiding sugary snacks and drinks, and quitting smoking. Treatment options may include fillings, crowns, root canals, and extractions.

Root caries is different from other types of tooth decay, such as coronal caries, which affects the crown or enamel of the tooth. It requires specialized dental care and attention to prevent and treat effectively.

Plaque is a key risk factor for dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. In addition, research suggests that there may be a link between oral bacteria and certain systemic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, is essential to prevent the accumulation of plaque and promote overall health.

There are two types of fluorosis:

1. Mild fluorosis: This type is characterized by white or brown spots or streaks on the surface of the teeth.
2. Severe fluorosis: This type is characterized by pitting or roughening of the tooth enamel, which can lead to cavities or structural weakness in the teeth.

Fluorosis is typically diagnosed through a visual examination of the teeth. In some cases, X-rays may be used to assess the severity of the condition. There is no specific treatment for fluorosis, but there are ways to manage its symptoms. For mild cases, regular cleaning and polishing of the teeth can help remove any stains or discoloration. In severe cases, dental fillings or crowns may be necessary to restore the damaged teeth.

Preventing fluorosis is much easier than treating it, so it's important to take steps to limit your child's exposure to excessive amounts of fluoride. This includes:

* Using fluoride toothpaste in appropriate amounts (a pea-sized amount for children under 3 years old and a portion the size of a grain of rice for children 3-6 years old)
* Limiting the consumption of fluoridated drinks, such as bottled water or formula, especially for infants
* Using a fluoride-free toothpaste for children under 3 years old
* Monitoring your child's fluoride intake and consulting with your dentist or healthcare provider if you have concerns.

There are several types of tooth loss, including:

1. Anterior tooth loss: This occurs when one or more front teeth are missing.
2. Posterior tooth loss: This occurs when one or more back teeth are missing.
3. Bilateral tooth loss: This occurs when there is a loss of teeth on both sides of the dental arch.
4. Unilateral tooth loss: This occurs when there is a loss of teeth on one side of the dental arch.
5. Complete tooth loss: This occurs when all teeth are missing from the dental arch.
6. Partial tooth loss: This occurs when only some teeth are missing from the dental arch.

Tooth loss can cause various problems such as difficulty chewing and biting food, speech difficulties, and changes in the appearance of the face and smile. It can also lead to other oral health issues such as shifting of the remaining teeth, bone loss, and gum recession.

Treatment options for tooth loss vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Some possible treatments include dentures, implants, bridges, and crowns. It is important to seek professional dental care if you experience any type of tooth loss to prevent further complications and restore oral health.

In popular culture, dental fissures are often referred to as "cracked teeth." This term is misleading because it implies that the crack extends all the way from the surface of the tooth down to the pulp, when in fact many dental fissures do not extend that far. Additionally, the term "cracked teeth" can be used to describe a variety of different conditions, including cracks that extend below the gum line or involve multiple teeth. In contrast, the term "dental fissures" is more specific and limited to small cracks or crevices on the surface of teeth.

Dental fissures are important to diagnose and treat because they can be a source of pain and discomfort, and they can also lead to more serious complications if left untreated. However, many people with dental fissures do not experience any symptoms until the problem is quite advanced. Therefore, regular dental check-ups are important for early detection and prevention of dental fissures, as well as for treatment of any existing problems before they become more serious.

Overall, dental fissures are a common condition that can be treated with a variety of restorative procedures. By understanding the definition of dental fissures and seeking regular dental care, individuals can help prevent or address this problem and maintain good oral health.

There are several types of periodontal diseases, including:

1. Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of periodontal disease, characterized by redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. It is reversible with proper treatment and good oral hygiene.
2. Periodontitis: This is a more severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by the destruction of the periodontal ligament and the jawbone. It can cause teeth to become loose or fall out.
3. Advanced periodontitis: This is the most severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by extensive bone loss and severe gum damage.
4. Periodontal abscess: This is a pocket of pus that forms in the gum tissue as a result of the infection.
5. Peri-implantitis: This is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding dental implants, similar to periodontal disease.

The causes and risk factors for periodontal diseases include:

1. Poor oral hygiene
2. Smoking
3. Diabetes
4. Genetic predisposition
5. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
6. Poor diet
7. Stress
8. Certain medications

The symptoms of periodontal diseases can include:

1. Redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums
2. Bad breath
3. Loose teeth or teeth that feel like they are shifting in their sockets
4. Pus between the teeth and gums
5. Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down

Treatment for periodontal diseases typically involves a combination of professional cleaning, antibiotics, and changes to oral hygiene habits at home. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and restore the health of the teeth and gums.

Preventing periodontal diseases includes:

1. Brushing teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
2. Flossing once a day to remove plaque from between the teeth
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash
4. Eating a balanced diet and avoiding sugary or acidic foods
5. Quitting smoking
6. Maintaining regular dental check-ups and cleanings.

Some common types of tooth diseases include:

1. Caries (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes the decay of tooth enamel, leading to holes or cavities in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease (gum disease): An infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone.
3. Tooth sensitivity: Pain or discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages due to exposed dentin or gum recession.
4. Dental abscesses: Infections that can cause pain, swelling, and pus in the teeth and gums.
5. Tooth erosion: Wear away of the tooth enamel caused by acidic foods and drinks or certain medical conditions.
6. Tooth grinding (bruxism): The habit of grinding or clenching the teeth, which can cause wear on the teeth, jaw pain, and headaches.
7. Dental malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth, which can cause difficulty chewing, speaking, and other oral health problems.
8. Tooth loss: Loss of one or more teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other causes.

Prevention and treatment of tooth diseases usually involve good oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. In some cases, more advanced treatments such as fillings, crowns, root canals, or extractions may be necessary.

Note: The word "toothache" refers to pain in one or more teeth, and not to general gum pain or discomfort.

Demineralization is the opposite process of remineralization, where minerals are deposited back onto the tooth surface. Demineralization can progress over time and lead to tooth decay, also known as dental caries, if not treated promptly. Early detection and prevention of demineralization through good oral hygiene practices and regular dental check-ups can help to prevent tooth decay and maintain a healthy tooth structure.

Tooth demineralization can be detected early on by dental professionals using various diagnostic tools such as radiographs (x-rays) or visual examination of the teeth. Treatment options for demineralization depend on the severity of the condition and may include fluoride treatments, fillings, or other restorative procedures to repair damaged tooth structures.

It is important to maintain good oral hygiene practices such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing once a day, and limiting sugary snacks and drinks to prevent demineralization and promote remineralization of the teeth. Regular dental check-ups are also crucial in detecting early signs of demineralization and ensuring proper treatment to maintain good oral health.

Etymology: [O.E. mund, mouth + L. dentatus, toothed.]

Synonyms: Toothless mouth.

Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1913

In layman's terms, this definition is saying that a mouth, edentulous refers to a mouth without teeth. This can be due to various reasons such as tooth loss due to decay, injury, or other factors. The term is used in the medical field, specifically in dentistry, to describe a patient who requires dentures or other prosthetic devices to replace missing teeth.

In conclusion, mouth, edentulous is a medical term used to describe a toothless mouth, and it is commonly used in dentistry to identify patients who require dentures or other prosthetic devices to restore their dental health.

Types of Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Pulpal necrosis: This is a condition where the dental pulp becomes damaged or dies due to injury, infection, or exposure to extreme temperatures.
2. Dental abscess: A bacterial infection that can cause pain, swelling, and pus formation in the tooth and surrounding tissues.
3. Periapical granuloma: A non-cancerous inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
4. Periapical cyst: A fluid-filled sac that forms as a result of the inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
5. Radiculitis: Inflammation of the nerves that extend from the tooth into the jawbone and skull, causing pain and swelling.
6. Osteonecrosis: A condition where the jawbone dies due to a lack of blood supply, often caused by a dental infection or trauma.
7. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth, leading to inflammation and damage to the gum and bone tissues.

Symptoms of Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Toothache or sensitivity to temperature changes
2. Swelling and redness in the gums and surrounding tissues
3. Pain when chewing or biting
4. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
5. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck or jaw
6. Fever and general feeling of illness

Treatment Options for Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Root canal treatment: A procedure to remove the infected dental pulp, clean and disinfect the inside of the tooth, and fill the tooth with a special material.
2. Extraction: Removal of the affected tooth if the infection is severe or if the tooth cannot be saved.
3. Antibiotics: Medication to treat bacterial infections, such as abscesses or periapical infections.
4. Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help manage toothache pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged tissues.

Prevention of Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings to catch any problems early on and prevent infections from developing.
2. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once a day, to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth.
3. Avoid sugary or acidic foods and drinks that can damage the teeth and lead to infections.
4. Wear a mouthguard when participating in sports to protect the teeth from injury.
5. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, which can increase the risk of dental pulp diseases.

Early diagnosis and treatment of dental pulp diseases are crucial to preventing more severe complications and preserving the affected tooth. If you suspect that you have a dental pulp disease, it is essential to visit a dentist as soon as possible for proper evaluation and treatment.

The most common symptoms of dental enamel hypoplasia are yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth, sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks, and an increased risk of cavities.

Treatment for dental enamel hypoplasia typically involves restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or veneers to repair and protect the affected teeth. In severe cases, extraction of the damaged teeth may be necessary. Preventive measures such as good oral hygiene practices, a balanced diet, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and excessive sugars can also help manage the condition.

Early detection and treatment of dental enamel hypoplasia are crucial to prevent further damage and improve the appearance and function of the teeth. Dentists may use specialized techniques such as radiographs and clinical examinations to diagnose this condition and recommend appropriate treatments.

Gingivitis can be treated with good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, and by visiting a dentist for regular check-ups and professional cleanings. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that can lead to permanent damage and tooth loss.

Some common symptoms of gingivitis include:

* Red and swollen gums
* Bleeding during brushing or flossing
* Bad breath
* Tenderness or pain in the gums
* A decrease in the amount of saliva

Treatment for gingivitis typically involves a combination of good oral hygiene practices and professional dental care. This may include:

* Regular brushing and flossing to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth
* Professional cleanings ( scaling and root planing) to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth
* Antibiotics to treat any underlying infections
* Changes to diet and lifestyle to reduce the risk of further irritation to the gums.

It's important to note that while gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, it can still have serious consequences if left untreated. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are essential for preventing and treating gingivitis.

Some common examples of stomatognathic diseases include:

1. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone.
2. Dental caries: Tooth decay caused by bacteria that produce acid, which can damage the tooth structure.
3. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder: Pain or dysfunction in the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull.
4. Oral cancer: Cancer that affects the mouth, tongue, lips, or throat.
5. Malocclusion: A misalignment of the teeth or jaws that can cause difficulty chewing or speaking.
6. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums that can lead to periodontal disease if left untreated.
7. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A decrease in saliva production that can increase the risk of dental caries and other oral health problems.
8. Oral thrush: A fungal infection that affects the mouth, causing white patches to form on the tongue, inner cheeks, and gums.
9. Burning mouth syndrome: A condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth without any visible signs of injury or infection.
10. Oral lichen planus: An inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes in the mouth, causing white patches and pain.

Stomatognathic diseases can be diagnosed through a combination of medical and dental examinations, including X-rays, blood tests, and biopsies. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition but may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications and stress management techniques.

Early detection and treatment of stomatognathic diseases are essential to prevent further complications and improve quality of life. Regular dental check-ups and screenings can help identify potential issues before they become more severe, and a multidisciplinary approach involving dentists, oral surgeons, and other healthcare professionals may be necessary for optimal management.

There are several types of tooth discoloration, including:

1. Extrinsic stains: These are the most common type of tooth discoloration and are caused by factors such as coffee, tea, red wine, and smoking. These stains can be removed with professional cleaning and whitening treatments.
2. Intrinsic stains: These are deeper stains that occur within the tooth itself and can be caused by factors such as fluorosis, tetracycline staining, and overexposure to fluoride during childhood. These stains can be more difficult to remove and may require more advanced treatments such as porcelain veneers or teeth whitening.
3. Age-related discoloration: As we age, our teeth can become naturally more yellow due to the accumulation of calcium and other minerals on the surface of the teeth. This type of discoloration is more common in adults over the age of 40.
4. Trauma: A blow to the mouth or a injury to a tooth can cause discoloration.
5. Disease: Certain medical conditions such as bruxism, gum disease, and enamel defects can also cause tooth discoloration.

Tooth discoloration can be treated with various methods such as teeth whitening, dental bonding, porcelain veneers, and crowns. The choice of treatment depends on the severity and cause of the discoloration. It is important to consult a dentist if you notice any changes in the color of your teeth, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further damage and improve the appearance of your smile.

1. Tooth decay (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes tooth enamel to break down, leading to holes in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease: An infection of the gums and bone that support the teeth, caused by bacteria.
3. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, usually caused by poor oral hygiene or smoking.
4. Oral thrush: A fungal infection of the mouth, typically affecting people with weakened immune systems.
5. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections: Viral infections that cause sores on the lips, tongue, or gums.
6. Cold sores: Caused by the herpes simplex virus, these are small, painful blisters that appear on the lips, nose, or mouth.
7. Canker sores: Small, shallow ulcers that develop on the inside of the mouth, tongue, lips, or gums.
8. Leukoplakia: A condition where thick, white patches form on the insides of the mouth, usually due to excessive tobacco use or other irritants.
9. Oral cancer: Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, or throat.
10. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A condition where the mouth does not produce enough saliva, which can increase the risk of tooth decay and other problems.

These are just a few examples of mouth diseases. It's important to maintain good oral hygiene and visit a dentist regularly to help prevent these conditions and ensure early detection and treatment if they do occur.

There are different types of dental calculus, including:

1. Supragingival calculus - found above the gum line and is more common.
2. Subgingival calculus - found below the gum line and is less common but more difficult to remove.
3. Interdental calculus - found between teeth and is common in people with tightly spaced teeth.
4. Cemental calculus - found on the root surface of teeth and is less common.

Dental calculus can cause a range of problems, including:

1. Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums that can lead to redness, swelling, and bleeding.
2. Periodontitis - more advanced stage of gingivitis that can cause bone loss, receding gums, and eventual tooth loss.
3. Halitosis - bad breath.
4. Tooth sensitivity - sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
5. Difficulty chewing or biting.

Removing dental calculus is an important part of maintaining good oral health, and can be done through a variety of methods, including:

1. Professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist.
2. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing regularly to remove plaque before it hardens into calculus.
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria that can contribute to calculus formation.
4. Avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks, which can contribute to the formation of plaque and calculus.

In conclusion, dental calculus is a common problem that can cause a range of oral health issues, but it can be prevented and treated through regular maintenance and good oral hygiene practices. It is important to visit a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to ensure the best possible oral health.

There are two main types of pulpitis:

1. Reversible pulpitis: This type of pulpitis is reversible and can be treated with conservative measures such as a filling or a root canal. The inflammation and infection in the pulp tissue can resolve with proper treatment, and the tooth can survive.
2. Irreversible pulpitis: This type of pulpitis is irreversible and cannot be treated with conservative measures. The inflammation and infection in the pulp tissue are severe and have damaged the pulp beyond repair. In this case, the only option is to extract the tooth.

Symptoms of pulpitis may include:

* Sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks
* Pain when biting or chewing
* Swelling and tenderness in the affected gum tissue
* Discoloration of the tooth

If left untreated, pulpitis can lead to more severe conditions such as an abscess or bacterial endocarditis, which can have serious consequences. Therefore, it is essential to seek professional dental care if symptoms of pulpitis are present. A dentist will perform a thorough examination and may take X-rays to determine the extent of the damage and recommend appropriate treatment.

Treatment options for pulpitis depend on the severity of the condition and may include:

* Conservative measures such as fillings or crowns to address any underlying decay or structural issues
* Root canal therapy to remove the infected pulp tissue and preserve the tooth
* Extraction of the affected tooth if the damage is too severe or if the tooth cannot be saved.

There are different types of tooth wear, including:

1. Attrition: This is the most common type of tooth wear and occurs when the enamel surfaces of teeth rub against each other.
2. Abrasion: This type of wear occurs when the outer layer of enamel is worn away by a foreign object such as a toothbrush or dental appliance.
3. Erosion: This type of wear occurs when acidic substances such as citrus fruits, soda, and sugary drinks dissolve the enamel surface of teeth.
4. Exfoliation: This type of wear occurs when a tooth is lost due to decay, injury, or gum disease, and the surrounding teeth shift to fill the gap.

Tooth wear can cause a range of symptoms including:

* Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
* Pain when chewing or biting
* Aesthetic concerns such as chipped or worn-down teeth
* Difficulty speaking or pronouncing certain words

Tooth wear can be prevented or treated by practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding acidic and sugary foods and drinks, using a soft-bristled toothbrush, and visiting the dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. In severe cases, dental restorations such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to restore the shape, size, and function of teeth.

1. Congenital abnormalities: These are present at birth and may be caused by genetic factors or environmental influences during fetal development. Examples include hypodontia (absence of one or more teeth), hyperdontia (extra teeth), or anodontia (absence of all teeth).
2. Acquired abnormalities: These can occur at any time during life, often as a result of trauma, infection, or other conditions. Examples include tooth decay, gum disease, or tooth wear and tear.
3. Developmental abnormalities: These occur during the development of teeth and may be caused by genetic factors, nutritional deficiencies, or exposure to certain medications or chemicals. Examples include enamel hypoplasia (thinning of tooth enamel) or peg-shaped teeth.
4. Structural abnormalities: These are irregularities in the shape or structure of teeth, such as anomalies in the size, shape, or position of teeth. Examples include crowded or misaligned teeth, or teeth that do not erupt properly.
5. Dental caries (tooth decay): This is a bacterial infection that causes the breakdown of tooth structure, often leading to cavities and tooth loss if left untreated.
6. Periodontal disease: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, including the gums and bone, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
7. Tooth wear: This refers to the wear and tear of teeth over time, often due to habits such as bruxism (teeth grinding) or acid reflux.
8. Dental anomalies: These are rare, genetic conditions that affect the development and structure of teeth, such as peg-shaped teeth or geminated teeth (two teeth fused together).

These are just a few examples of tooth abnormalities, and there are many more conditions that can affect the health and appearance of teeth. Regular dental check-ups can help detect and address any issues early on to ensure good oral health.

Xerostomia can be caused by a variety of factors, including certain medications, medical conditions, and injuries to the head or neck. It is often associated with other conditions such as Sjögren's syndrome, HIV/AIDS, and diabetes.

There are several treatments for xerostomia, including saliva substitutes, mouthwashes, and medications that stimulate saliva production. Lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and using a humidifier can also help manage the condition.

Xerostomia is a relatively common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can have a significant impact on quality of life, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to manage the symptoms and prevent complications.

There are several types of tooth injuries that can occur, including:

1. Tooth fractures: A crack or break in a tooth, which can vary in severity from a small chip to a more extensive crack or split.
2. Tooth avulsions: The complete loss of a tooth due to trauma, often caused by a blow to the mouth or face.
3. Tooth intrusions: When a tooth is pushed into the jawbone or gum tissue.
4. Tooth extrusions: When a tooth is forced out of its socket.
5. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to the lips, cheeks, tongue, or other soft tissues of the mouth.
6. Alveolar bone fractures: Fractures to the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth.
7. Dental luxation: The displacement of a tooth from its normal position within the jawbone.
8. Tooth embedded in the skin or mucous membrane: When a tooth becomes lodged in the skin or mucous membrane of the mouth.

Treatment for tooth injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from simple restorative procedures, such as fillings or crowns, to more complex procedures, such as dental implants or bone grafting. In some cases, urgent medical attention may be necessary to prevent further complications or tooth loss.

Dental deposits refer to the accumulation of plaque, tartar, and other substances on the teeth and dental restorations. These deposits can lead to various oral health problems, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Dental deposits can be removed through regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.

Types of Dental Deposits:

There are several types of dental deposits that can accumulate on the teeth and dental restorations, including:

1. Plaque: A sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
2. Tartar (calculus): A hard, yellowish deposit that forms on the teeth and dental restorations, made up of mineralized plaque.
3. Stains: Discoloration of the teeth due to various factors such as smoking, coffee, tea, or certain medications.
4. Biofilm: A complex community of microorganisms that adhere to the surfaces of the teeth and dental restorations, which can contribute to the development of periodontal disease.

Effects of Dental Deposits:

Dental deposits can have a significant impact on oral health if left untreated. Some of the effects of dental deposits include:

1. Tooth Decay: The accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth can lead to tooth decay, which can cause pain, sensitivity, and potentially lead to tooth loss.
2. Gum Disease: Plaque and tartar can also contribute to the development of gum disease, which can cause inflammation, bleeding, and receding gums.
3. Bad Breath: Dental deposits can cause bad breath (halitosis), which can be embarrassing and affect an individual's self-confidence.
4. Tooth Discoloration: Stains on the teeth can cause discoloration, which can make the teeth appear yellow or brown.
5. Increased Risk of Dental Caries: Dental deposits can provide a conducive environment for the growth of cariogenic bacteria, which can increase the risk of dental caries.
6. Difficulty Chewing and Speaking: Advanced periodontal disease can cause teeth to become loose or fall out, making it difficult to chew and speak properly.
7. Self-Esteem Issues: Poor oral health can affect an individual's self-esteem and confidence, which can impact their overall quality of life.
8. Systemic Diseases: There is evidence that suggests a link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.

Prevention of Dental Deposits:

Preventing dental deposits is essential for maintaining good oral health. Some ways to prevent dental deposits include:

1. Brushing and Flossing: Regular brushing and flossing can help remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, reducing the risk of dental deposits.
2. Dietary Changes: Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, drinking plenty of water, and consuming a balanced diet can help prevent the formation of dental deposits.
3. Professional Cleaning: Regular professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist can remove tartar and plaque that is difficult to remove with brushing and flossing alone.
4. Fluoride Treatment: Fluoride treatment can help strengthen teeth and prevent the formation of dental deposits.
5. Salivary Substitutes: For individuals with dry mouth, salivary substitutes can help stimulate saliva production and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
6. Oral Rinses: Using an oral rinse can help remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums.
7. Tobacco Cessation: Quitting tobacco use can help improve oral health and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
8. Regular Dental Check-Ups: Regular dental check-ups can help identify early signs of dental deposits and prevent more serious problems from developing.

A condition where one or more teeth are missing from the jawbone, resulting in a partial dental defect. This can cause difficulties with chewing, speaking, and other oral functions. Treatment options may include dentures, implants, or bridges to restore the natural function and appearance of the mouth.

Treatment options for dental pulp exposure depend on the severity of the condition, but may include a root canal, pulpotomy, or extraction of the affected tooth.

Tooth erosion can lead to sensitive teeth, pain, and discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages. In severe cases, it can cause teeth to appear yellow or brown, become brittle and prone to breaking, or even result in tooth loss.

To prevent tooth erosion, good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing, avoiding acidic foods and drinks, and using a fluoride-based toothpaste can help protect teeth from acid wear. Dental sealants or varnishes may also be applied to the teeth to provide extra protection against erosion.

If tooth erosion has already occurred, dental treatments such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to repair damaged teeth. In severe cases, teeth may need to be extracted and replaced with dental implants or bridges.

Symptoms of periapical abscess may include:

* Pain in the affected tooth and surrounding areas
* Swelling of the face, cheek, or neck
* Redness and tenderness of the gums
* Fever and chills
* Bad breath
* Discharge of pus from the abscess

If left untreated, periapical abscess can lead to more severe complications such as:

* Bacterial endocarditis (infection of the inner lining of the heart)
* Osteomyelitis (infection of the bone)
* Sepsis (systemic infection)

Treatment of periapical abscess usually involves a combination of antibiotics and dental treatment, such as:

* Root canal therapy to remove the infected pulp and nerve tissue
* Extraction of the affected tooth if it is too damaged to be saved
* Drainage of the abscess to release any collected pus

Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent further complications and ensure a successful outcome.

Overbite: This occurs when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth too much.

Underbite: This happens when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth too much.

Crossbite: This is when the upper teeth do not align with the lower teeth, causing them to point towards the inside of the mouth.

Open bite: This occurs when the upper and lower teeth do not meet properly, resulting in a gap or an open bite.

Overjet: This is when the upper teeth protrude too far forward, overlapping the lower teeth.

Crowding: This refers to when there is not enough space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly, leading to overlapping or misalignment.

Spacing: This occurs when there is too much space between the teeth, which can lead to gum problems and other issues.

Each type of malocclusion can cause a range of symptoms, including difficulty chewing, jaw pain, headaches, and difficulty opening and closing the mouth fully. Treatment options for malocclusion depend on the severity of the problem and may include orthodontic braces, aligners, or surgery to correct the bite and improve oral function and aesthetics.

Symptoms of periapical periodontitis may include:

* Pain or tenderness in the affected tooth
* Swelling and redness in the gum tissue
* Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
* Discharge of pus from the affected tooth

Periapical periodontitis is typically diagnosed through a combination of clinical examination and diagnostic tests such as radiographs (x-rays) or dental scans. Treatment may involve antibiotics, a root canal, or extraction of the affected tooth, depending on the severity of the infection and the extent of damage to the pulp and surrounding tissues.

Some common types of streptococcal infections include:

1. Strep throat (pharyngitis): an infection of the throat and tonsils that can cause fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes.
2. Sinusitis: an infection of the sinuses (air-filled cavities in the skull) that can cause headache, facial pain, and nasal congestion.
3. Pneumonia: an infection of the lungs that can cause cough, fever, chills, and shortness of breath.
4. Cellulitis: an infection of the skin and underlying tissue that can cause redness, swelling, and warmth over the affected area.
5. Endocarditis: an infection of the heart valves, which can cause fever, fatigue, and swelling in the legs and abdomen.
6. Meningitis: an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord that can cause fever, headache, stiff neck, and confusion.
7. Septicemia (blood poisoning): an infection of the bloodstream that can cause fever, chills, rapid heart rate, and low blood pressure.

Streptococcal infections are usually treated with antibiotics, which can help clear the infection and prevent complications. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat the infection.

Prevention measures for streptococcal infections include:

1. Good hygiene practices, such as washing hands frequently, especially after contact with someone who is sick.
2. Avoiding close contact with people who have streptococcal infections.
3. Keeping wounds and cuts clean and covered to prevent bacterial entry.
4. Practicing safe sex to prevent the spread of streptococcal infections through sexual contact.
5. Getting vaccinated against streptococcus pneumoniae, which can help prevent pneumonia and other infections caused by this bacterium.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you or someone else may have a streptococcal infection, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.

The main causes of periodontitis are poor oral hygiene, smoking, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. The symptoms of periodontitis include:

* Redness and swelling of the gums
* Bad breath
* Bleeding while brushing or flossing
* Pocket formation between the teeth and gums
* Loose teeth or changes in the bite
* Changes in the color or shape of the gums

If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to serious complications such as:

* Tooth loss
* Bone loss around the teeth
* Infection of the dental implant or prosthetic tooth
* Spread of bacteria to other parts of the body, leading to systemic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.

Periodontitis can be treated by a dentist or periodontist with a combination of non-surgical and surgical procedures, including:

* Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning of the teeth and roots)
* Antibiotics to treat infection
* Bone grafting to restore lost bone tissue
* Gum grafting to cover exposed roots
* Dental implants or prosthetic teeth to replace missing teeth.

It is important to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly, to prevent periodontitis. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of the disease and save teeth from being lost.

... an increase of scratching in the face and renunciation of solid food could be signs for dental caries. A main reason for dental ... The formation of dental caries in dogs can be divided in two stages: The demineralisation of the inorganic part of the tooth is ... Even if dental caries in dogs gets often recognized very late there are some symptoms that could adumbrate an infestation. ... "Dental caries in the dog." J Vet Dent. 1998 Jun;15(2):79-83. PMID 10597155. Chris C. Pinney, The Illustrated Veterinary Guide ...
... with some kind of caries vaccines being considered to diminish or prevent dental caries' impact on young people. Early attempts ... "Panel on Caries Vaccine". National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institute of Health. January ... Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) has been identified as the major etiological agent of human dental caries. The development of ... Bowen, W.H. (December 1972). "Dental caries". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 47 (256): 849-53. doi:10.1136/adc.47.256.849. ...
Dental decay or dental caries is the gradual destruction of tooth enamel. Poverty is a significant determinant for oral health ... "The Contribution of Dietary Factors to Dental Caries and Disparities in Caries". Academic Pediatrics. 9 (6): 410-414. doi: ... Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. In the United States it is the most common chronic disease ... Risk factors for dental caries includes living in poverty, poor education, low socioeconomic status, being part of an ethnic ...
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Fluoride or fluorine deficiency is a disorder[dubious - discuss] which may cause increased dental caries and possibly ... "Dental Caries". The Lancet. 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2. PMID 17208642. S2CID 204616785. Kleerekoper, M ... This practice is recommended for individuals, primarily children (who are at a greater risk of caries) in low-fluoride areas. ... This makes the teeth more acid resistant, as well as more resistant to cavity forming bacteria.[dubious - discuss] Caries- ...
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After the 1940, when it was decided that a large number of otherwise fit candidates who get rejected due to the dental caries ... Indians did not use refined sugar or crystal sugar and incidences[spelling?] of dental caries were low. Refined sugar or ... The Army Dental Corps (ADC) is a specialist corps in the Indian Army which primarily provides dental services to all Army ... Consequently, incidences[spelling?] of dental caries among Indians increased with the usage of these from 20% population in ...
Dental caries or dental cavities. Temporomandibular joint diseases and disorders, commonly called TMJ. Autoimmune diseases such ... The periodontium includes all of the support membranes of the dental structures surround and support the teeth such as the gums ... magnum.html ADHA Dental Hygiene Archived 2012-12-28 at the Wayback Machine Medline, Crohn disease Brain-blood barrier, ... Temporal Bone and Ear at Baylor College of Medicine Dental anatomy at Colorado State University Neuroscience for Kids at ...
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"The Vipeholm dental caries study; the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals ... extensive knowledge about dental health and resulted in enough empirical data to link the intake of sugar to dental caries. ... were fed large amounts of sweets to provoke dental caries between 1945 and 1955. The experiments were sponsored both by the ... Children died, developed anemia, and were in some cases denied dental care previously available to them as they developed ...
True dental caries are uncommon among companion animals. Although it has not been accurately documented in cats, the incidence ... Hale, FA (Jun 1998). "Dental caries in the dog". J Vet Dent. 15 (2): 79-83. doi:10.1177/089875649801500203. PMID 10597155. ... "Type 2" lesions are characterized by a generalized loss of root radiopacity on a dental radiograph. The definitive cause of ... "Cavities". American Veterinary Dental Society. Archived from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2006-10-23. ...
... the dental caries is classified severe, this causes ECC. Diet plays a key role in the process of dental caries. The type of ... Dental caries still today, remains the most prevalent disease worldwide. This means the disease is highly preventable, yet it ... Dental professionals now have a safe, inexpensive, and less invasive option to manage Early Childhood Caries: Silver Diamine ... These consumables all have the potential to increase the risk of dental caries due to prolonged contact between sugars in the ...
ISBN 978-1-118-70831-6. Featherstone JD (September 2008). "Dental caries: a dynamic disease process". Australian Dental Journal ... the American Dental Association, the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental ... in order to prevent dental caries. These indications are: Patients who are at increased risk of caries due to factors such as ... dental hygienists, oral health therapists and dental assistants (in some states in the US) are able to apply dental sealants to ...
McCollum was moderator of "The Cause and Prevention of Dental Caries", sponsored by the Good Teeth Council for Children, Inc., ... In 1938 the U.S. Public Health Service reported that adding fluoride to drinking water resulted in fewer dental caries. ... His 1941 article "Diet in Relation to Dental Caries" claimed that vigorous chewing exercises teeth to retain optimum health, ... "Diet in Relation to Dental Caries". Nature. 147 (3717): 104-108. Bibcode:1941Natur.147..104M. doi:10.1038/147104a0. S2CID ...
"The Immunology of Dental Caries", about the etiological agents contributing to formation of dental caries (cavities). The ... Some of her research included significant contributions in the study of blood types, dental caries (cavities), and the reaction ... Moore, Ruth E (1938). "Discussion - The Immunology of Dental Caries". The Dentoscope: Journal of the Howard University College ... She published her research on tuberculosis, immunology, dental caries, the response of gut microorganisms to antibiotics, and ...
Featherstone, J. D. B. (2008). "Dental caries: A dynamic disease process". Australian Dental Journal. 53 (3): 286-291. doi: ... Tooth enamel can become demineralised due to various factors, including acidic erosion and dental caries. If left untreated ... Carbonated calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite is the main mineral of which dental enamel and dentin are composed. Hydroxyapatite ... Habibah, Tutut Ummul; Amlani, Dharanshi V.; Brizuela, Melina (2021), "Hydroxyapatite Dental Material", StatPearls, Treasure ...
Featherstone JD (September 2008). "Dental caries: a dynamic disease process". Australian Dental Journal. 53 (3): 286-91. doi: ... "Crystal structure of glucansucrase from the dental caries pathogen Streptococcus mutans". Journal of Molecular Biology. 408 (2 ... "Dental Researchers to Mouth Bacteria: Don't Get too Attached". 2010-12-08. "Finding a Cure for Tooth Decay". 2011-05-12. ... "Microbiology of Dental Decay and Periodontal Disease". Medical Microbiology. University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. ...
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Dental wearing indicates Dryopithecus ate both soft and hard food, which could either indicate they consumed a wide array of ... Fuss, J.; Uhlig, G.; Böhme, M. (2018). "Earliest evidence of caries lesion in hominids reveal sugar-rich diet for a Middle ... Based on dental development in chimpanzees, it was 6 to 8 years old, and several diagnostic characteristics made from the ... evidence from dental meso- and micro-wear analyses of large vegetarian mammals". Journal of Human Evolution. 53 (4): 331-349. ...
Army who discovered the bacteria that causes dental caries. Rodríguez Vargas was assigned to the Army Dental Corps as an ... His research led him to discover the bacteria that causes dental caries. According to his investigations, three types of the ... In December 1922, he published an original and fundamental work on the specific bacteriology of dental caries. His findings ... other scientists have used the findings of his investigations as the basis in the study of the bacteriology of dental caries. ...
... usually as a result of dental caries or dental injuries) can still eat and chew to a certain extent. Dental caries, also known ... Pulpotomy is the most frequently used vital pulp therapy technique for deep dental caries in primary teeth. Medicaments used in ... S. (15 August 1883). "Odd Dental Ideas". Dental Practitioner. 1 (8).{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link) Al ... local anaesthetic or caries removal, also termed the Hall technique. Studies have shown that more dental practitioners prefer ...
Interdental "black triangles" were rated as the third-most-disliked aesthetic problem below caries and crown margins. Treatment ... Clark, D (2008). "Restoratively driven papilla regeneration: Correcting the dreaded 'black triangle'". Texas Dental Journal. ...
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Streptococcus mutans is important, because it is associated with dental caries. These bacteria produce the enzyme ... "Protective effect of the dental pellicle against erosive challenges in situ". Journal of Dental Research. 85 (7): 612-616. doi: ... The dental pellicle, or acquired pellicle, is a protein film that forms on the surface enamel, dentin, artificial crowns, and ... 2.4). Miller, Chris H. Infection Control and Management of Hazardous Materials for the Dental Team, 3rd Edition. Mosby, 092004 ...
... dental fluorosis), while at the same time precipitating lower rates of dental caries (cavities). In 1934, as part of this work ... Fejerskov, Ole; Kidd, Edwina (March 16, 2009). Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management. John Wiley & Sons. p. ... Armstrong, WD (November-December 1967). "H. Trendley Dean Memorial Award for Research in Epidemiology and Dental Caries". J ... After his retirement, Dean joined the American Dental Association as Secretary of its Council on Dental Research. In this role ...
"Earliest evidence of dental caries manipulation in the Late Upper Palaeolithic". Scientific Reports. 5 (1): 12150. Bibcode: ...
... improving caries risk assessment documentation. British Dental Journal, 2012(2):84-85. Haraden C, Leitch J. Scotland's ... Journal of Dental Education, 2013 (7):58-62. Moore R, Strachan H, O'Shea R, Leitch J. The nursing contribution to quality ... He became a Fellow of the Faculty of Dental Surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons (England) in 1996. He has a doctorate from ... Until December 2012 he chaired the Conduct and Health Committees of the General Dental Council, the regulatory body for ...
The most common causes for odontogenic infection to be established are dental caries, deep fillings, failed root canal ... Odontogenic sinusitis is an inflammatory condition of the paranasal sinuses that is the result of dental pathology, most often ... Medical management and treatment of the underlying dental pathology remains a critical initial step in the treatment of ... Ogle, Orrett E. (April 2017). "Odontogenic Infections". Dental Clinics of North America. 61 (2): 235-252. doi:10.1016/j.cden. ...
A tisane made from them was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. Thymol was ...
Parashar received Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) from the University of Detroit Mercy School of Dentistry, Master of Dental ... The effect of exposure reduction on the diagnosis of caries: An ex vivo comparison of film and a CMOS digital imaging system, ... from the University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine and Bachelor of Dental Surgery from Manipal College of Dental ... and Australian Dental Schools, Parashar et al., Journal of Dental Education, November 1, 2012 vol. 76, no. 11, 1443-1447. ...
Svihla, Arthur (March 18, 1957). "Dental Caries in the Hawaiian Dog" (PDF). Occasional Papers of Bernice P. Bishop Museum. ...
Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology Journal of Endodontics Brazilian Dental Journal British Dental Journal Caries Research ... American Dental Association Journal of Conservative Dentistry Journal of Dental Research Journal of Dentistry Primary Dental ... Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology Dental Materials Frontiers of Oral ... International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry Journal of Pediatric Dentistry Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal Dental ...
Brambilla, Eugenio (2001). "Fluoride - Is It Capable of Fighting Old and New Dental Diseases?". Caries Research. 35 (1): 6-9. ... Difluorosilane is used in dental varnish in order to prevent tooth cavities. Difluorosilane is also used in chemical vapour ...
Vol 72, Issue 4, Pgs 889-894) Enamel Solubility Tests And Their Significance In Regard To Dental Caries (Annals of the New York ... Brudevold was educated at the Norwegian Dental School (Norges Tannlegehøyskole). After his dental examination in Oslo in 1932, ... Vol 50, Issue 1, Pgs 18-22) A Basic Study of the Chewing Forces of a Denture Wearer (Journal of the American Dental Association ... Brudevold started his academic career as an instructor at Tufts College Dental School in 1945, where he first was an instructor ...
Journal of Pharmacy Research 2009, 2(11),1669-1675 "Dental Caries and Medicinal Plants -An Overview - B.Parimala Devi*, R. ...
Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the buffering effects of saliva, tooth decay becomes a common feature and ... Saini, T; Edwards, PC; Kimmes, NS; Carroll, LR; Shaner, JW; Dowd, FJ (2005). "Etiology of xerostomia and dental caries among ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries. Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ... cervical caries and root surface caries. This is often seen in patients who have had radiotherapy involving the major salivary ...
Dental caries as a disease, and the possibility of its prevention; - Early childhood caries; - Caries prevention; - ... only recently the dental community started to focus on this area of Dentistry, due to the high dental caries (decay) prevalence ... dental caries, dental trauma, alterations of tooth development, etc.). Protocol: - Meetings with parents At the Baby Clinic of ... If caries risk remains low, a quarterly scheme can be kept. For high caries risk children, the aim is to revert the baby's ...
"Relationship of fluid transport through dentation to the incidence of dental caries", Journal of Dental Research 50(6): 1536 to ... Usually sugar in the mouth and on the enamel of teeth is said to feed bacteria that can cause dental caries. Experimenters have ...
... (INN) is a fluoride-containing substance used for the prevention and treatment of dental caries, sensitive teeth, and ... Especially in children, before the development of the permanent teeth, overdosage can lead to dental fluorosis. Haberfeld H, ed ... Abanto Alvarez J, Rezende KM, Marocho SM, Alves FB, Celiberti P, Ciamponi AL (February 2009). "Dental fluorosis: exposure, ...
It should be used with caution in those patients with a high caries rate. A major advantage is that is easier to add teeth to a ... Conversely, a "fixed" prosthesis can and should be removed only by a dental professional. The aim of an RPD is to restore ... British Dental Association. ISBN 0-904588-63-7. OCLC 224691865. Bibliography Carr, Alan (2016). McCracken's Removable Partial ... The use of this classification allows for easier communication between dental professionals, allows for easily visualization of ...
... of dental caries Barodontalgia Biodontics Bruxism Calculus Ceramics Crown Dental amalgam Dental brace Dental cavities Dental ... disease Dental extraction Dental notation Dental phobia Dental restoration Dental spa Dentin Floss Fluoridation Fluoride ... hosted on the American Dental Association website. Page accessed 30 May 2010. This definition was adopted the association's ... therapy Gingivitis Halitosis Dental implants Laboratory technology Mouth breathing Mouthwash Nitrous oxide Novocain, a Local ...
... pulp degeneration increasing age circulatory disturbances within the pulp long standing local irritants such as dental caries, ... First molars which were restored and/or with caries showed a higher incidence of pulp stones as compared to intact, unrestored ... Large pulp stones in the pulp chamber might block the access to canal orifices and prevent the exploring dental instruments ... Ertas ET, Veli I, Akin M, Ertas H, Atici MY (January 2017). "Dental pulp stone formation during orthodontic treatment: A ...
Dental caries in children residing in communities in Saudi Arabia with differing levels of natural fluoride in the drinking ...
He was then replaced by the founder of one of the theories of the origin and development of dental caries, known as Sharpenak's ... into a dental research center by the decision of Narkomzdrav's dental health division in order to bring together all dental ... and the preparation of secondary dental personnel, such as dental mechanics, filling and prosthetic specialists, and chair side ... The university's history dates back to the emergence of dental schools in Russia in the 19th century. The history of Moscow ...
Click on the links below for details about trends in dental caries as well as detailed caries data from the most recent survey ... Dental caries (tooth decay) remains the most prevalent chronic disease in both children and adults, even though it is largely ... Although caries has significantly decreased for most Americans over the past five decades, disparities remain among some ... has been an important source of information on oral health and dental care in the United States since the early 1970s. ...
Cost Effectiveness of Dental Interventions for Alaska Native Children. Tooth decay or dental cariesa is one of the most common ... Dental caries are bacterial infected tooth surfaces, which destroy the tooth enamel resulting in tooth decay. The treatment of ... A public health assessment was conducted that showed high rates of caries and a frequent need for full mouth dental ... At its maximum expected effectiveness, dental sealants had the greatest cost benefit in preventing caries with a savings of to ...
... dental caries - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... Dental Caries and Tooth Loss in Adults in the United States, 2011-2012. Dental caries and tooth loss are important oral health ... Prevalence of Total and Untreated Dental Caries Among Youth: United States, 2015-2016. Questions for Eleanor Fleming, Ph.D., D. ... D.S., M.P.H., Dental Epidemiologist and Lead Author of "Prevalence of Total and Untreated Dental Caries Among Youth: United ...
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Root Caries. All MeSH CategoriesDiseases CategoryStomatognathic DiseasesTooth DiseasesTooth DemineralizationDental CariesRoot ... Dental Caries. Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic ...
... previously reviewed by the US Preventive Services Task Force found oral fluoride supplementation effective at reducing caries ... There is no direct evidence that screening by primary care clinicians reduces early childhood caries. Evidence ... Preventing dental caries in children Roger Chou 1 , Amy Cantor, Bernadette Zakher, Jennifer Priest Mitchell, Miranda Pappas ... Preventing dental caries in children Roger Chou et al. Pediatrics. 2013 Aug. ...
Imaging Diagnostics of Dental Diseases and Conditions (Caries, Periodontal Disease, Cracked Teeth, and Pulp Vitality) (R43/R44 ... Imaging Diagnostics of Dental Diseases and Conditions (Caries, Periodontal Disease, Cracked Teeth, and Pulp Vitality) (R43/R44 ... At present, these new methods require expensive devices and are not ready for use in a dental operatory. Other new caries ... The mission of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) is to improve oral, dental and craniofacial ...
NIH Consensus Development Conference on Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries Throughout Life (Day 3) ... Dental Caries--diagnosis. Dental Caries--etiology. Dental Caries--therapy. Primary Prevention Publication Types: Consensus ... During the first day-and-a-half of the Conference, experts will present the latest dental caries research findings to an ... This NIH Consensus Development Conference has been convened to examine the current state of dental caries research so that ...
... and integrity in our mission of education supporting oral health professionals and those allied with the dental industry. ... peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nations leading educators and researchers. ... Dimensions of Dental Hygiene is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nations ... Join our email list today and get a free pintable with the latest blood pressure ranges and categories to hang in your dental ...
Conclusions: Dentists lack of understanding of dental caries prevention impacts not only their clinical decision-making but ... Their knowledge of caries prevention was modest. Their understanding of how fluoride works, appropriate methods of application ... Yet, we have known for decades how to prevent it and most adults consider dentists their source of dental information. The ... These results suggest strongly the need for improved education for dental students and those already in practice. ...
Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries. Summary (Publication No. 01-E055, February 2001). Evidence Report (Publication No. ... What is the validity of the methods used to diagnose dental caries? ... Topic Nominator: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Return to Quick Menu: Evidence Report Topics. Return ...
The heterogeneous distribution of dental caries, with pockets of severe caries, emphasizes the need for regular dental visits ... Relationship between dental caries status and anemia in children with severe early childhood caries. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2013 ... There is a strong association between nutritional status and dental caries, and a direct link between caries, sugar consumption ... Lastly, caries was scored using the DMFT index. This index classifies only frank caries as decayed; early caries and white spot ...
... the help of dental hygienists and schoolteachers conducted dental health check-ups at the schools that diagnosed dental caries ... The prevalence of dental caries was 82%. Children who brushed their teeth ≥ twice/day were significantly less likely to have ... This study aimed to describe childrens oral health behavior and its association with childhood dental caries, as well as to ... A mixed-effects logistic regression model assessed the association between dental caries and childrens oral health behavior ...
... the dental status has been examined regarding the occurrence of caries lesions using Decay Missing Filling Teeth (DMFT), ... the dental status has been examined regarding the occurrence of caries lesions using Decay Missing Filling Teeth (DMFT), ... Considering ANs potential role in oral health, it is essential to monitor dental treatment needs and oral hygiene levels in ... Results: AN patients were found to present a higher incidence of oral-related complications according to dental status (DMFT ...
A Pilot Comparative Study of Dental Students Ability to Detect Enamel-only Proximal Caries in Bitewing Radiographs With and ... A Pilot Comparative Study of Dental Students Ability to Detect Enamel-only Proximal Caries in Bitewing Radiographs With and ... A Pilot Comparative Study of Dental Students Ability to Detect Enamel-only Proximal Caries in Bitewing Radiographs With and ... A Pilot Comparative Study of Dental Students Ability to Detect Enamel-only Proximal Caries in Bitewing Radiographs With and ...
... and dental caries and to study the role of sweet consumption in predicting this relationship among adolescent children in Udupi ... Obesity and dental caries have common risk determinants and require a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach by both medical ... Objective: To evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries and to study the role of sweet ... Relationship between Body Mass Index and Dental Caries among Adolescent Children in South India ...
Dental caries, oral hygiene, cariogenic diet, social conditions Abstract. Purpose: To record the prevalence of dental caries in ... Family income and education were associated with dental caries. Conclusion: The results suggest a high prevalence of caries ... Results: Dental caries prevalence was: G1(dmf-t: 2.38±3.27; DMF-T: 0.02±1.49); G2(dmf-t: 2.97±3.12; DMF-T: 0.72±1.26); G3(dmf-t ... Behavioral and social factors related to dental caries in 3 to 13 year-old children from João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil Authors. ...
Francis Arnold, who did become a dentist and helped establish the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, from ...
Start Over You searched for: Subjects Dental Caries ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Dental Caries Publication Year 1100 to 1199 ✖ ...
Correlation of trace elements in saliva with dental caries activity. Author: Dr. Shruti Bhandary, Dr. Swathi shetty, Dr. Aditya ... Hence it is concluded that copper and zinc has negative correlation on dental caries, but only zinc has a significant effect. ... The study included 30 individuals; 15 with low caries activity and 15 with high caries activity. Every patient was screened and ... is very important to understand the physiochemical nature of saliva so as to use its beneficial effect to combat dental caries ...
How to Get Rid of Tooth Decay without a DentistTooth Decay, Or Dental Caries, Is A Disease Of This Part Of The Tooth ... Tooth Decay, Or Dental Caries, Is A Disease Of This Part Of The Tooth. April 30, 2022. by Catherine ... Even if you dont have any dental problems, it is worth having a regular checkup with your dentist.Tooth Decay, Or Dental ... Or Dental Caries, Is A Disease Of This Part Of The Tooth ... The process of dental surgery involves a local anesthetic to ...
Untreated dental caries are defined as tooth decay (dental cavities) that have not received appropriate treatment. Data were ... QuickStats: Prevalence* of Untreated Dental Caries† in Primary Teeth§ Among Children Aged 2-8 Years, by Age Group and Race/ ... Suggested citation for this article: QuickStats: Prevalence of Untreated Dental Caries in Primary Teeth Among Children Aged 2-8 ... During 2011-2014, 13.7% of children aged 2-8 years had untreated dental caries in their primary teeth (baby teeth). The ...
Palavras-chave : Dental caries.; Adolescent.; Gender and health.; Dental plaque.. · resumo em Português · texto em Português · ... BONOTTO, Danielle Medeiros Veiga et al. Dental caries and gender in adolescents. RFO UPF [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.2, pp. 202- ... Objective: To assess the influence of gender on the prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene habits, consumption and ... Regarding the consumption of food with sucrose, preference for sweet flavors, and dental caries experience, no significant ...
A Survey of Dental Caries Segmentation and Detection Techniques.. Majanga, Vincent; Viriri, Serestina. ScientificWorldJournal ... Dental caries detection, in the past, has been a challenging task given the amount of information got from various radiographic ... This paper presents an in-depth analysis of recent research in deep learning for dental caries segmentation and detection. It ... From the literature studied, we found out that methods were grouped according to the type of dental caries (proximal, enamel), ...
WU 270 80BI The Biologic basis of dental caries : WU 270 81DE Dental caries : WU 270 86AR L évolution de la carie dentaire ... TextPublication details: London : Macmillan, 1981. Description: 315 pISBN: 0333211782Subject(s): Dental cariesNLM ... Dental caries : aetiology, pathology and prevention / L. M. Silverstone ... [et al.] Contributor(s): Silverstone, Leon M ...
El proceso del deterioro de los dientes: Cómo revertirlo y evitar que se forme una caries dental ...
anxiety babies BLACK FUNGUS ChatGPT chemical burn coronavirus covid19 dental dental caries dental facts dental fear dental ... ARE ALL TYPES OF DENTAL PAIN ASSOCIATED WITH TOOTH CARIES OR GUM INFECTION? May 29, 2023. ... ARE ALL TYPES OF DENTAL PAIN ASSOCIATED WITH TOOTH CARIES OR GUM INFECTION? May 29, 2023. ... Dr Apoorva Gupta is a registered dental professional and is committed towards providing the best service in the benefits of her ...
FS in populations with a caries increment of 2.6 D(M)FS per year (or 3.7 children in populations with a caries increment of 1.1 ... The main outcome was caries increment measured by the change in decayed, missing and filled tooth surfaces (D(M)FS). Data ... The primary measure of effect was the prevented fraction (PF), that is, the difference in caries increments between the ... and provide clear evidence that fluoride toothpastes are efficacious in preventing caries. ...
Ageing, dental caries and periodontal diseases. *Prevention and control of dental caries and periodontal diseases at individual ... Nutrition, dental caries and periodontal disease: a narrative review. Category: Scientific papers ...
  • Counseling on Early Childhood Caries transmission by dentists. (cdc.gov)
  • Objective: High levels of Streptococcus mutans on teeth of young children are predictive of Early Childhood Caries (ECC). (cdc.gov)
  • Early Childhood Caries (ECC) are one of the major oral diseases affecting children. (mdpi.com)
  • The present study aims to assess the quality of life in children with Early Childhood Caries aged 6-72 months using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale. (mdpi.com)
  • 15 kg/m 2 , mean age 14.9 ± 1.8), the dental status has been examined regarding the occurrence of caries lesions using Decay Missing Filling Teeth (DMFT), erosive wear as Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE), gingival condition as Bleeding on Probing (BOP) and plaque deposition as Plaque Control Record (PCR). (frontiersin.org)
  • Those in the normal BMI range had a significantly higher prevalence of caries (57%) and DMFT score (1.92) compared with the overweight and obese groups (P (who.int)
  • In order to assess the prevalence of untreated caries and oral hygiene, the DMFT and the OHI-S (Simplified Oral Hygiene) indexes were used, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • Dental caries was recorded according to DMFT (D = Decayed, M = Missing due to caries only, F = Filled, T = Teeth)/deft index (d = decayed, e = extracted due to caries, f = filled, t = teeth). (who.int)
  • The prevalence of untreated dental caries in the final sample was 40.3% and the DMFT index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) 2.32, there was no statistical difference between cities. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cost and benefit of fluoride in the prevention of dental caries / by G. N. Davies. (who.int)
  • Conclusion: The results suggest a high prevalence of caries disease in the sample and specific association with some socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors. (pucrs.br)
  • During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. (cdc.gov)
  • The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Severely ill adolescents with AN are at risk of extremely low body weight, macro/micronutrient deficiencies ( 5 ), and combined with diminished salivation and neglecting of hygiene habits, protection for dental or periodontal tissues may be lost at an older age ( 6 - 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Conclusion: Gender did not affect the prevalence of untreated caries in 12-year-old adolescents. (bvsalud.org)
  • Significant dental caries, erosive tooth wear, and loss of periodontal health were observed in other studies considering adult AN subjects ( 8 , 9 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Effect of Probiotics on Dental Caries and Periodontal Pathogens: An In Vitro Study by: Subhajit Routh, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
  • Cranberry polyphenols: Beneficial effects for prevention of periodontal disease and dental caries by: Sanjeet Gill, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
  • Exploration of different school of thoughts among undergraduate dental students regarding dental caries and periodontal diseases by: Anmol Mathur, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
  • Oral diseases encompass a range of diseases and conditions, notably dental caries, periodontal (gum) disease, oral cancer, orofacial trauma, oral manifestations of HIV infection, birth defects, and noma in the WHO African Region. (who.int)
  • CDC was asked by the YKD Dental program for technical assistance in determining whether current interventions were cost-beneficial and effective in reducing the number of carious teeth in YKD children. (cdc.gov)
  • The treatment of these teeth may be done either in the local dental office by a dentist or dental provider or by an oral surgeon in the operating room when a child is unable to withstand treatment in the dental office and thus needs to be placed under anesthesia. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2011-2014, 13.7% of children aged 2-8 years had untreated dental caries in their primary teeth (baby teeth). (cdc.gov)
  • The proportion of children with untreated dental caries in their primary teeth increased with age: 10.9% among children aged 2-5 years and 17.4% among children aged 6-8 years. (cdc.gov)
  • They also conducted a questionnaire-based survey with the schoolchildren's guardians to collect data including socio-economic and demographic information, their children's oral health behavior, and guardians' beliefs derived from HBM, including perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of child dental caries, perceived benefit of and perceived barrier to child's tooth brushing, and self-efficacy in making their children brush their teeth twice daily. (plos.org)
  • Children who brushed their teeth ≥ twice/day were significantly less likely to have dental caries than those brushing once or seldom (OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.91). (plos.org)
  • Dr. Alan Dechter and Dr. Matthew Moy treat patients who suffer from tooth decay in Silver Spring, MD. This dental problem is often seen in people who do not properly care for their teeth. (dechtermoy.com)
  • Incidences of dental caries in baby teeth are rising, especially in children ages 2-11. (dechtermoy.com)
  • During a dental scan, when a radiograph emits radiations and the X-rays fall on the teeth, the hard mineral substance (i.e. calcium) present in the teeth blocks the entry of radiations which results in portraying a dark (white) structure on the X-ray film. (diseasefix.com)
  • Moreover, there is a causal link between high consumption of sugars and diabetes, obesity and dental caries. (who.int)
  • Sugar -containing beverages / free sugars increase the risk for overweight / obesity and dental caries , can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity, and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects. (lww.com)
  • Although the prevalence and functions associated with members of Bacteria are well known in dental caries , the role of Archaea in cariogenic biofilms has not been studied yet. (bvsalud.org)
  • For example, a diet rich in dietary carbohydrate such as refined sugar favors bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans , the organism that causes dental caries. (medscape.com)
  • ABSTRACT The prevalence of obesity is increasing in Saudi Arabia and although caries is associated with obesity, this association has not been investigated in Medina. (who.int)
  • Medicaid) perspective, the impact of five interventions currently used among YK children: water fluoridation, dental sealants, fluoride varnish, brushing with fluoride toothpaste, and initial dental exam with parental counseling. (cdc.gov)
  • Of the five interventions studied, water fluoridation, tooth brushing and fluoride varnish would prevent the greatest number of dental caries and FMDRs. (cdc.gov)
  • What concentration of fluoride toothpaste should dental teams be recommending? (nature.com)
  • Is professionally applied fluoride effective in preventing or arresting caries in older adults? (nature.com)
  • Fluoride in toothpaste - is the expressed total fluoride content meaningful for caries prevention? (nature.com)
  • This means that 1.6 children need to brush with a fluoride rather than nonfluoride toothpaste over 3 years to prevent 1 D(M)FS in populations with a caries increment of 2.6 D(M)FS per year (or 3.7 children in populations with a caries increment of 1.1 D(M)FS per year). (nature.com)
  • Taken together, the trials are of relatively high quality, and provide clear evidence that fluoride toothpastes are efficacious in preventing caries. (nature.com)
  • The objectives of the current review were to determine the effectiveness and safety of fluoride toothpastes in the prevention of caries in children, and to examine factors potentially modifying their effect. (nature.com)
  • Objectives: This study investigates the estimation of the fluoride concentration in drinking water in Rohtak district, Haryana, and quantifies its effect on the prevalence of dental fluorosis and dental caries. (who.int)
  • Conclusion: It can be concluded that in Rohtak district, the fluoride levels in drinking water and the prevalence of dental fluorosis are high, so requiring an urgent need to improve the quality of water and institute de-fluoridation of drinking water in affected areas to lower the burden of dental fluorosis in the community. (who.int)
  • Archaeal sequences were detected in dental caries and biofilms from surfaces without caries lesions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Tooth decay or dental caries a is one of the most common chronic conditions among American children as reported by the American Academy of Pediatrics Children's Oral Health Initiative (1, 2). (cdc.gov)
  • A public health assessment was conducted that showed high rates of caries and a frequent need for full mouth dental reconstructions (FMDRs) b . (cdc.gov)
  • Through an extensive literature review, researchers determined the effectiveness rates (minimum and maximum) and the current and ideal coverage levels for each intervention (6).These data may aid public health officials and primary dental care providers to choose those interventions likely to have the greatest impact in reducing rates of dental caries in this population. (cdc.gov)
  • For instance Water Fluoridation's cost benefit of preventing dental caries in Alaska native children (6months- 5 years) saved the health care system $1,335. (cdc.gov)
  • Dental caries and tooth loss are important oral health indicators for adults and are key measures for monitoring progress toward health promotion goals set by Healthy People 2020. (cdc.gov)
  • Dental caries is considered a major health problem among schoolchildren in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). (plos.org)
  • This study aimed to describe children's oral health behavior and its association with childhood dental caries, as well as to assess associations between children's tooth-brushing behavior and guardians' beliefs in an urban area of Lao PDR, using HBM. (plos.org)
  • Ten dentists with the help of dental hygienists and schoolteachers conducted dental health check-ups at the schools that diagnosed dental caries based on visual inspection. (plos.org)
  • A mixed-effects logistic regression model assessed the association between dental caries and children's oral health behavior and between children's tooth-brushing behavior and guardians' beliefs. (plos.org)
  • The National School Health Policy of the Lao PDR, which was established in 2006, includes dental caries as one of the target diseases that should be addressed through school-based strategies. (plos.org)
  • Promoting appropriate oral health behavior is key to preventing dental caries. (plos.org)
  • This case-control study aimed to compare the dental health and gingival inflammation level in female adolescent inpatients affected by severe AN restrictive subtype vs. controls. (frontiersin.org)
  • Considering AN's potential role in oral health, it is essential to monitor dental treatment needs and oral hygiene levels in their present status to prevent forward complications in the future. (frontiersin.org)
  • Staying abreast of the changing landscape of caries risk assessment, management, and prevention will help oral health professionals provide the highest quality patient care. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Dimensions is committed to the highest standards of professionalism, accuracy, and integrity in our mission of education supporting oral health professionals and those allied with the dental industry. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Dental health and the development of health services in Africa. (who.int)
  • Probiotics: A Promising Role in Dental Health by: Sari A. Mahasneh, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
  • Home » Dental Health » Dental Caries » What Does a Cavity Look Like? (diseasefix.com)
  • Dental caries is a major public health problem around the world, because it can cause pain and suffering to individuals. (bvsalud.org)
  • The CPP survey on the Caries Prevention and Management Chairside Guide polled oral health professionals (OHPs) on their overall perception of the guide and measured how helpful it is as a tool within dental practices. (fdiworldental.org)
  • The IHS Division of Oral Health is an accredited sponsor of continuing education under the American Dental Association Continuing Education Recognition Program (CERP). (ihs.gov)
  • In conclusion, childhood dental caries was associated with daily tooth brushing. (plos.org)
  • Yet, we have known for decades how to prevent it and most adults consider dentists their source of dental information. (umd.edu)
  • Methods: A mail survey was used to determine dentists' knowledge, opinions and practices regarding caries prevention. (umd.edu)
  • Conclusions: Dentists' lack of understanding of dental caries prevention impacts not only their clinical decision-making but also what they tell their patients. (umd.edu)
  • Methods: In 2006 as part of a larger study on dental care for pregnant women, we surveyed 829 general dentists in Oregon. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions: The strongest predictors of counseling patients about ECC were dentists' belief in the evidence of caries transmission and dentists' discussion of ECC during staff meetings. (cdc.gov)
  • This course will provide an overview of ways to increase dental access and decrease referrals to pediatric dentists for 0-5 year-olds. (ihs.gov)
  • Normal and underweight participants had an almost 2 times greater risk of developing caries compared with their overweight and obese counterparts. (who.int)
  • The children had poor dietary habits and there were no significant associations between dietary variables and caries. (who.int)
  • Regarding the consumption of food with sucrose, preference for sweet flavors, and dental caries experience, no significant differences were found between genders. (bvsalud.org)
  • If tooth decay is affecting a significant portion of the tooth, you may require a dental inlay or only. (dechtermoy.com)
  • There was a statistically significant relationship between the variable toothache in the last six months and the outcome of untreated caries (p = 0.012) with 76% of those who had pain. (bvsalud.org)
  • [ 3 , 4 ] Evidence also exists that significant interaction of bacterial types within biofilm may either enhance or suppress metabolic activity that leads to dental infection. (medscape.com)
  • The main outcome was caries increment measured by the change in decayed, missing and filled tooth surfaces (D(M)FS). (nature.com)
  • What is the validity of the methods used to diagnose dental caries? (webharvest.gov)
  • Dental caries are bacterial infected tooth surfaces, which destroy the tooth enamel resulting in tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • Patients affected by AN should be encouraged to undertake psychiatric care and psychotherapy, but whether they should necessarily be included in careful dental care or not may still be questionable. (frontiersin.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine dentist's knowledge, opinions and practices regarding caries prevention. (umd.edu)
  • This study aimed to determine the association between dental caries, body mass index (BMI) and dietary habits of 12-year-old boys from four geographically distinct schools in Medina. (who.int)
  • This study helps manufacturers, suppliers and investors, CEOs to identify opportunities and business optimization strategies to improve their value in the global Dental Caries and Endodontic market. (dentnews.eu)
  • Objective: To assess the influence of gender on the prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene habits, consumption and preference for sugar at the beginning of adolescence. (bvsalud.org)
  • Caries were most strongly associated with lack of optimally fluoridated drinking water and soda consumption (3, 4, 5). (cdc.gov)
  • These results suggest strongly the need for improved education for dental students and those already in practice. (umd.edu)
  • Assessment of Dental Fluorosis was done according to Dean's Fluorosis index, modified in 1942. (who.int)
  • Out of 1262 children examined, 655 (51.90%) children were having dental fluorosis. (who.int)
  • Some Epidemiological Aspects of Chronic Endemic Dental Fluorosis. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Dimensions of Dental Hygiene is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nation's leading educators and researchers. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • In addition, when examining the prevention of caries in children receiving full mouth dental reconstruction, water fluoridation also had the greatest cost benefit with a savings to the healthcare system of $8,149 per FMDR averted at minimum effectiveness, and a savings of $6,053 per case averted at maximum effectiveness. (cdc.gov)
  • Mean BMI was significantly lower in boys with severe compared with mild or no caries. (who.int)
  • Each top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the market dimension of Dental Caries and Endodontic market, to estimate the dimensions of varied different dependent submarkets within the general market. (dentnews.eu)
  • To current the Dental Caries and Endodontic growth in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America & Center East and Africa. (dentnews.eu)
  • The report is an assortment of direct data, subjective and quantitative evaluation by trade specialists, contributions from trade examiners and Dental Caries and Endodontic trade members over the value chain. (dentnews.eu)
  • Although the obtained results did not reveal any severe oral status, our findings indicated impaired dental and gingival conditions in young anorexics. (frontiersin.org)
  • RÉSUMÉ La prévalence de l'obésité augmente en Arabie saoudite et malgré le lien qui existe entre la carie et l'obésité, cette association n'a pas été étudiée à Médine. (who.int)
  • Purpose: To record the prevalence of dental caries in 3-13 year-old children and test the association of presence of caries with some social and behavioral factors. (pucrs.br)
  • ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. (ihs.gov)
  • The results were compared with age-matched 103 female dental patients (BMI 19.8 ± 2.3 kg/m 2 , age 15.0 ± 1.8, p = 0.746) treated in a public University dental clinic. (frontiersin.org)
  • Dr Apoorva Gupta is a registered dental professional and is committed towards providing the best service in the benefits of her patients. (oraheal.in)
  • Data were collected from the dental records on clinical examination to compute dmf-t and DMF-T indexes, oral hygiene habits, diet, and socio-economic factors. (pucrs.br)