Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.
Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.
Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.
Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Hospital department providing dental care.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.
Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.
Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.
Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.
A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processes
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.
Decreased salivary flow.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.
The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.
The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
Schools for children usually under five years of age.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.
Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.
The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.
Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Proteins and peptides found in SALIVA and the SALIVARY GLANDS. Some salivary proteins such as ALPHA-AMYLASES are enzymes, but their composition varies in different individuals.

The identification of agreed criteria for referral following the dental inspection of children in the school setting. (1/1744)

AIM: To clarify the function of the school based dental inspection. OBJECTIVE: For representatives of the Community Dental Service, General Dental Service and Hospital Dental Service to identify an agreed set of criteria for the referral of children following school dental inspection. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology used to establish a consensus for the inclusion of referral criteria following dental screening. SETTING: Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England. MATERIALS: A Delphi technique was used to establish a consensus amongst the study participants on the inclusion of nine possible criteria for referral following dental screening. All participants scored each criterion in the range 1-9, with a score of 1 indicating that referral of individuals with the condition should definitely not take place, and a score of 9 indicating referral should definitely take place. Referral criteria were accepted only if they achieved a group median score of 7 or more, with an interquartile range of three scale points, with the lower value being no less than 7. RESULTS: Four of the nine possible criteria met the agreed group standard for inclusion: 'Sepsis', 'Caries in the secondary dentition', 'Overjet > 10 mm', and 'Registered & caries in the permanent dentition'. CONCLUSION: It is possible to agree clear criteria for the referral of children following the school dental inspection.  (+info)

Purification and properties of bacteriolytic enzymes from Bacillus licheniformis YS-1005 against Streptococcus mutans. (2/1744)

To find a novel lytic enzyme against cariogenic Streptococci, strains showing strong lytic activity have been screened from soil using Streptococcus mutans. A strain identified as Bacillus licheniformis secreted two kinds of lytic enzymes, which were purified by methanol precipitation, CM-cellulose chromatography, gel filtration, and hydroxyapatite chromatography. The molecular weights of these two enzymes, L27 and L45, were 27,000 and 45,000, respectively. Optimum pH and temperature of both enzymes for lytic activity were pH 8 and 37 degrees C. L27 and L45 digest the peptide linkage between L-Ala and D-Glu in peptidoglycan of Streptococcus mutans. The lytic activity was highly specific for Streptococcus mutans, suggesting their potential use as a dental care product.  (+info)

Regulated expression of the Streptococcus mutans dlt genes correlates with intracellular polysaccharide accumulation. (3/1744)

Intracellular polysaccharides (IPS) are glycogen-like storage polymers which contribute significantly to Streptococcus mutans-induced cariogenesis. We previously identified and cloned a locus from the S. mutans chromosome which is required for the accumulation of IPS. Sequencing of this locus revealed at least four contiguous open reading frames, all of which are preceded by a common promoter region and are transcribed in the same direction. Analysis of the amino acid sequence deduced from the first of these open reading frames (ORF1) revealed domains which are highly conserved among D-alanine-activating enzymes (DltA) in Lactobacillus rhamnosus (formerly Lactobacillus casei) and Bacillus subtilis. The deduced amino acid sequences derived from ORF2, -3, and -4 also exhibit extensive similarity to DltB, -C, and -D, respectively, in these microorganisms. However, Southern hybridization experiments indicate that this operon maps to a locus on the S. mutans chromosome which is separate from the glgP, glgA, and glgD genes, whose products are known mediators of bacterial IPS accumulation. We therefore assigned a new dlt designation to the locus which we had formerly called glg. We maintain that the dlt genes are involved in S. mutans IPS accumulation, however, since they complement a mutation in trans which otherwise renders S. mutans IPS deficient. In this study, we found that expression of the S. mutans dlt genes is growth phase dependent and is modulated by carbohydrates internalized via the phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system (PTS). We demonstrated that the S. mutans dlt genes are expressed constitutively when non-PTS sugars are provided as the sole source of carbohydrate. Consistent with a role for the PTS in dlt expression is a similar constitutive expression of the dlt genes in an S. mutans PTS mutant grown in a chemically defined medium supplemented with glucose. In summary, these findings support a novel role for the dlt gene products in S. mutans IPS accumulation and suggest that dlt expression in this oral pathogen is subject to complex mechanisms of control imposed by growth phase, dietary carbohydrate, and other factors present in the plaque environment.  (+info)

Interactions of Streptococcus mutans fimbria-associated surface proteins with salivary components. (4/1744)

Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as the major causative agent of human dental caries. S. mutans binds to saliva-coated tooth surfaces, and previous studies suggested that fimbriae may play a role in the initial bacterial adherence to salivary components. The objectives of this study were to establish the ability of an S. mutans fimbria preparation to bind to saliva-coated surfaces and determine the specific salivary components that facilitate binding with fimbriae. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) established that the S. mutans fimbria preparation bound to components of whole saliva. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot techniques were used to separate components of whole saliva and determine fimbria binding. SDS-PAGE separated 15 major protein bands from saliva samples, and Western blot analysis indicated significant binding of the S. mutans fimbria preparation to a 52-kDa salivary protein. The major fimbria-binding salivary protein was isolated by preparative electrophoresis. The ability of the S. mutans fimbria preparation to bind to the purified salivary protein was confirmed by Western blot analysis and ELISA. Incubation of the purified salivary protein with the S. mutans fimbria preparation significantly neutralized binding of the salivary protein-fimbria complex to saliva-coated surfaces. The salivary protein, whole saliva, and commercial amylase reacted similarly with antiamylase antibody in immunoblots. A purified 65-kDa fimbrial protein was demonstrated to bind to both saliva and amylase. These data indicated that the S. mutans fimbria preparation and a purified fimbrial protein bound to whole-saliva-coated surfaces and that amylase is the major salivary component involved in the binding.  (+info)

Intranasal immunization against dental caries with a Streptococcus mutans-enriched fimbrial preparation. (5/1744)

Streptococcus mutans has been identified as the major etiological agent of human dental caries. The first step in the initiation of infection by this pathogenic bacterium is its attachment (i.e., through bacterial surface proteins such as glucosyltransferases, P1, glucan-binding proteins, and fimbriae) to a suitable receptor. It is hypothesized that a mucosal vaccine against a combination of S. mutans surface proteins would protect against dental caries by inducing specific salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies which may reduce bacterial pathogenesis and adhesion to the tooth surface by affecting several adhesins simultaneously. Conventional Sprague-Dawley rats, infected with S. mutans at 18 to 20 days of age, were intranasally immunized with a mixture of S. mutans surface proteins, enriched for fimbriae and conjugated with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) plus free cholera toxin (CT) at 13, 15, 22, 29, and 36 days of age (group A). Control rats were either not immunized (group B) or immunized with adjuvant alone (CTB and CT [group C]). At the termination of the study (when rats were 46 days of age), immunized animals (group A) had significantly (P < 0.05) higher salivary IgA and serum IgG antibody responses to the mixture of surface proteins and to whole bacterial cells than did the other two groups (B and C). No significant differences were found in the average numbers of recovered S. mutans cells among groups. However, statistically fewer smooth-surface enamel lesions (buccal and lingual) were detected in the immunized group than in the two other groups. Therefore, a mixture of S. mutans surface proteins, enriched with fimbria components, appears to be a promising immunogen candidate for a mucosal vaccine against dental caries.  (+info)

Inhibitory effect of a self-derived peptide on glucosyltransferase of Streptococcus mutans. Possible novel anticaries measures. (6/1744)

Glucosyltransferase (GTF) plays an important role in the development of dental caries. We examined the possible presence of self-inhibitory segments within the enzyme molecule for the purpose of developing anticaries measures through GTF inhibition. Twenty-two synthetic peptides derived from various regions presumably responsible for insoluble-glucan synthesis were studied with respect to their effects on catalytic activity. One of them, which is identical in amino acid sequence to residues 1176-1194, significantly and specifically inhibited both sucrose hydrolysis and glucosyl transfer to glucan by GTF-I. Double-reciprocal analysis revealed that the inhibition is noncompetitive. Scramble peptides, composed of the identical amino acids in randomized sequence, had no effect on GTF-I activity. Furthermore, the peptide is tightly bound to the enzyme once complexed, even in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Kinetic analysis using an optical evanescent resonant mirror cuvette system demonstrated that the enzyme-peptide interaction was biphasic. These results indicate that the peptide directly interacts with the enzyme with high affinity and inhibits its activity in a sequence-specific manner. This peptide itself could possibly be an effective agent for prevention of dental caries, although its effectiveness may be improved by further modification.  (+info)

The effect of water fluoridation and social inequalities on dental caries in 5-year-old children. (7/1744)

BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that water fluoridation dramatically reduces dental caries, but the effect that water fluoridation has upon reducing dental health inequalities is less clear. The aim of this study is to describe the effect that water fluoridation has upon the association between material deprivation and dental caries experience in 5-year-old children. METHODS: It is an ecological descriptive study of dental caries experience using previously obtained data from the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry's biennial surveys of 5-year-old children. This study examined the following data from seven fluoridated districts and seven comparable non-fluoridated districts in England: 1) dental caries experience using the dmft (decayed, missing, filled teeth) index; 2) the Townsend Deprivation Index of the electoral ward in which the child lived; 3) whether fluoride was present at an optimal concentration in the drinking water or not. RESULTS: A statistically significant interaction was observed between material deprivation (measured by the Townsend Deprivation Index) and water fluoridation (P < 0.001). This means that the social class gradient between material deprivation and dental caries experience is much flatter in fluoridated areas. CONCLUSION: Water fluoridation reduces dental caries experience more in materially deprived wards than in affluent wards and the introduction of water fluoridation would substantially reduce inequalities in dental health.  (+info)

Polymicrobial etiology of dental caries. (8/1744)

The present study was carried out to establish the normal bacterial oral flora and the aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora from deep seated dental caries, and to determine the antimicrobial sensitivity of the clinical isolates so obtained Streptococcus mutans (48%) and Streptococcus sanguis (20%) were the main aerobic isolates whereas Lactobacillus spp. (52%), Veillonella spp. (24%) and Actinomyces spp. (12%) were the major anaerobic isolates. Hundred percent of the samples from dental caries yielded polymicrobial isolates while in two samples from healthy individuals S. mutans was the sole isolate. As the flora changed from healthy tooth to dental caries it changed from one predominated by anaerobic gram-positive cocci to anaerobic gram-positive bacilli. All the anaerobes isolated were sensitive to metronidazole and cefotaxime, whereas all the isolated streptococci were sensitive to penicillin, erythromycin and clindamycin. Incorporation of the antibiotics in baseline restoration, if technically feasible, has been advocated.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Specific Caries Index. T2 - A new system for describing untreated dental caries experience in developing countries. AU - Acharya, Shashidhar. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - Objectives: To develop a reproducible surface-specific caries index that provided qualitative and quantitative information about untreated dental caries, that could be used in conjunction with the DMFS index and would provide information on not only the caries prevalence but also the location and type of caries lesion in an individual based on clinical examination. Methods: Untreated carious lesions were divided into six types based on the location of the lesions.339 rural school children in the age group of 12-15 years were examined for dental caries using both the DMFS index and the Specific Caries Index. Results: Type 1 and 2 were found to be the most common type of caries lesions. The reproducibility of the Specific Caries Index was also found to be good. Conclusions: Encouraging indications about the ...
Details: rank: #1,591,408 price: $35.99 bound: publisher: Wiley-Blackwell (April 28, 2003) lang: English asin: isbn: 1405107189, 978-1405107181, weight: 3.4 pounds filesize: Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management this book good epub download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management ebook beginners free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management book pdf e-books free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management free download book 2013 pdf hindi Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management other epub downloaden Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management pdf ebook free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management control ebook free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management notebook free downloadgolkes Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management de de de Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management students book edition download Dental Caries: The ...
Obesity and dental caries are global public health problems which can impact in childhood and throughout the life course. In simple terms, childhood dental caries and body weight are linked via the common risk factor of diet. An association between dental caries and obesity has been described in a number of studies and reviews. However, similarly, a relationship has also been noted between low body weight and caries experience in children. This protocol will provide the framework for an umbrella review to address the following question: Does the available evidence support a relationship between dental caries experience and body weight in the child population? This review protocol outlines the process to carry out an umbrella systematic review which will synthesise previous reviews of childhood dental caries experience and body weight. An umbrella review methodology will be used to examine the methodological and reporting quality of existing reviews. The final umbrella review aims to aggregate the
The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3-year-old Lithuanian children. The impact of selected behavioral risk factors on the development of S-ECC was investigated. Material and methods. A total of 950 children were examined in kindergartens. Diagnosis of dental caries followed the WHO criteria. Questionnaires were delivered to mothers of the children with S-ECC and caries-free children. The questions were related to the childrens dietary habits, temperament, oral hygiene, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. Results. The prevalence of ECC was 50.6% with a mean dmft of 2.1 (SD, 0.1) and a mean dmfs of 3.4 (SD, 0.2). The prevalence of S-ECC was 6.5% with a mean dmft of 7.8 (SD, 0.1) and dmfs of 18.1 (SD, 0.6). A significantly higher percentage of children developed S-ECC when they were breast-fed for a period longer than one year, were sleeping with a bottle containing carbohydrates
A PubMed/Medline search was performed using the terms ADHD medications and dental caries to discover a connection between the two. Additional sources were located using the search terms attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, dental caries, xerostomia and dental caries and saliva and dental caries. Further information on pertinent articles was retrieved from the reference sections of these articles. Early studies were included that tested for a correlation between ADHD and dental caries.2-6,8. Studies were reviewed for data relevant to a connection between xerogenic medications used to treat symptoms of ADHD and the risk of dental caries. Only studies that either identified or examined the prevalence of dental caries in children with ADHD and/or those who discussed and/or used xerogenic medication as a variable were included in this review.. Studies Conducted to Establish a Relationship Between ADHD and Dental Caries. Most of the early research concerning dental caries and children ...
There are no randomized controlled trials to assess the impact of treating dental caries on various aspects of childrens health. This study was conducted to assess the impact of dental treatment of severe dental caries on childrens weight, height and subjective health related outcomes, namely dental pain, satisfaction with teeth and smile, dental sepsis and childs appetite. The study was a community-based, randomized, controlled trial in schoolchildren aged 6-7 years with untreated dental caries. Participants were randomly assigned to early (test) or regular (control) dental treatment. The primary outcome was Weight-for-age Z-score. Secondary outcomes were Height-for-age and BMI-for-age Z-scores, dental pain, dental sepsis, satisfaction with teeth and childs appetite. 86 children were randomly assigned to test (42 children) and control (44) groups. Mean duration of follow-up was 34.8 (±1.1) weeks. There were insignificant improvements in anthropometric outcomes between the groups after treatment of
Dental caries are a significant public health problem. It is a disease with multifactorial causes. In Sub-Sahara Africa, Ethiopia is one of the countries with a high record of dental caries. This study was to determine the risk factors affecting dental caries using both Bayesian and classical approaches. The study design was a retrospective cohort study in the period of March 2009 to March 2013 dental caries patients Hawassa Haik Poly Higher Clinic. The Bayesian logistic regression procedure was adapted to make inference about the parameters of a logistic regression model. The purpose of this method was generating the posterior distribution of the unknown parameters given both the data and some prior density for the unknown parameters. From this study the prevalence of natural dental caries was 87% and non-natural dental caries were 13%. The age group of 18-25 was higher prevalence of dental caries than the other age groups. From Bayesian logistic regression, we found out that rural patients, do not
Tags: Question 3 . Medical Entrance Preparation MCQs # Digestive System and Nutrition MCQs ... *** Dental Caries *** Pulp and Periapical Pathology *** Pulp and Periapical Infections *** … Dental Caries Mcqs for Preparation of Fpsc, Nts, Kppsc, Ppsc, and other test. 30 seconds . MCQ QUESTION BANK 2012 IV BDS - IMPLANTOLOGY BD4J Multiple choice questions 30x1= 30 marks 1. The Cause Of Dental Caries, Or Cavities, Has Been Under Investigation For Decades. saliva. Given below are some statements: A. (a) Dental caries in children (b) Fluorosis (c) Polymyelitis (d) Methemoglobinemia. SURVEY . Which of the following is not a method for water conservation? The three factors necessary for the formation of dental caries are bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates and _____. (a) Rainwater harvesting (b) Groundwater extraction (c) Improving irrigation efficiency (d) Avoiding water wastage. Average DMFT not more than 3 is the WHO oral health goal for the age A. B. As wise people believe Perfect Practice … ...
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES THROUGH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF FLUORIDE - THE PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH. Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries is a severe public health problem across the world. The current global and regional patterns of dental caries reflect distinct risk profiles of countries which relate to the structure of the society, living conditions, lifestyles, and the existence of preventive oral health programmes. Research conducted in high income countries documents that systematic use of fluoride reduces the burden of dental caries; such research is scarce in low and middle income countries.. Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on effective use of fluoride, highlights the public health approach to fluoridation, and clarifies how automatic fluoridation contributes to breaking social inequities in dental caries.. Data collection: Scientific publications on fluoride administration stored in PubMed/Medline and caries data from the WHO ...
Lower dental caries experience has been observed in children and teenagers with the presence of black stains on dental structures. However, none of the previous investigations were population-based studies or adjusted the analysis for potential confounders. This study assessed the prevalence of black stains at the age of 5 in a population-based birth cohort from Pelotas, Brazil and investigated the association between black stains and dental caries. A total of 1,129 children from the 2004 Pelotas birth cohort were examined at age 5, and their mothers were interviewed at their households. Dental examinations included a search for black stains and dental caries on the primary dentition through the dmf-s index. The mothers questionnaire comprised data on demographic, social, and behavior aspects. Prevalence of black stains was 3.5% (95% CI 2.5-4.7) and the prevalence of dental caries was 48.4% (95% CI 45.4-51.4). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association ...
In this prospective study in Japan, we found that higher maternal intake of cheese during pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk of dental caries in children. Higher maternal intake of total dairy products, yogurt, and calcium during pregnancy tended to be associated with a reduced risk of dental caries in children, although there was no evident association between maternal milk intake and the risk of childhood dental caries. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the possible inverse association between maternal dietary calcium intake during pregnancy and dental caries in children. Our results are in partial agreement with previous findings showing an inverse relationship between maternal calcium intake by supplement during pregnancy and dental caries in children [9, 10].. The potential protective effects of maternal intake of total dairy products and yogurt during pregnancy on caries in children were attenuated when we additionally controlled for maternal calcium intake ...
Dental caries. Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they spread to the nerve or root of a tooth. If left untreated, dental caries can progress to a tooth abscess, which is a more painful and potentially serious condition. Dental caries are common, but they can often be prevented by practicing good dental hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing.. Tooth Cavity. Tooth Cavity is a permanently damaged area in the hard surface of the teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in the mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning the teeth well. Cavities and tooth decay ...
Dental caries is a multifactorial disease caused by host, agent, and environmental factors. Mutans streptococci (MS) is the primary etiologic agent of dental caries. Through adhesion, MS attaches to the dental pellicle and breaks down sugars for energy to produce lactic acid, causing an acidic environment around the tooth. As a result, demineralization of the enamel and, subsequently, the dentin occurs. Factors involved in the dental caries process include the tooth, bacteria in the form of a dental plaque, and a diet containing sugar. The quantity, quality, and frequency of sugar intake have a definitive influence on the incidence and prevalence of caries.. Dental caries can affect the human in various ways i.e. presence of tooth pain, infection or dysfunction of the stomatognathic system can limit the necessary ingestion of energetic foods, affecting the growth in children and adults as well as their learning, communication skills and recreational activities. Moreover, oral and pharyngeal ...
Fluoridated community drinking water and fluoride toothpaste are the most common sources of fluoride in the United States and are largely responsible for the low risk for dental caries for most persons in this country. Persons at high risk for dental caries might require more frequent or more concentrated exposure to fluoride and might benefit from use of other fluoride modalities (e.g., mouthrinse, dietary supplements, and topical gel, foam, or varnish). The effects of each of these fluoride sources on dental caries and enamel fluorosis are described. Fluoridated Drinking Water and Processed Beverages and Food Fluoridated drinking water contains a fluoride concentration effective for preventing dental caries; this concentration can occur naturally or be reached through water fluoridation, which is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply. When fluoridated water is the main source of drinking water, a low concentration of fluoride is routinely introduced into the mouth. Some ...
Introduction: High caries prevalence in children is a major oral health issue. Few studies about dental caries have been conducted on children with mixed dentitions (presence of both primary and permanent teeth). Specific information is needed validating the correlation between caries in primary and permanent teeth in the same child. Methods: Dental caries patterns were assessed for children 7 to 10 years old from two different elementary schools. Linear regression analysis was used to determine whether the presence of caries in the primary teeth significantly correlated with caries in the permanent teeth. Results: The study found significant correlations between caries in primary and permanent dentitions (p < 0.05). The highest correlation was found among 7 year old children at one elementary school (r=.805, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Decay on primary teeth should be a risk indicator for caries in permanent teeth ...
Dental caries continues to be the most prevalent bacteria-mediated non-contagious disease of humankind.. Dental professionals assert the disease can be explained by poor oral hygiene and a diet rich in sugars but this does not account for caries free individuals exposed to the same risk factors. In order to test the hypothesis that amount of amelogenin during enamel development can influence caries susceptibility, we generated multiple strains of mice with varying levels of available amelogenin during dental development.. Dental caries is a leading cause of tooth loss in both developed and developing countries. The disease affects billions of people and occasionally leads to lethality in both children and adults or important sequela, such as blindness. To treat dental caries in the permanent dentition of children from developing countries by traditional amalgam restorative dentistry would require financial resources beyond the total health budget of these countries. Children with poorer oral ...
WHO Oral Health Programme. (‏2000)‏. Global data on dental caries prevalence (‏DMFT)‏ in adults aged 35-44 years / Global Oral Data Bank, Oral Health/Area Profile Programme. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/66521 ...
This is the first descriptive epidemiological study to provide national prevalence estimates of dental caries and periodontal disease among pregnant women and nonpregnant women of reproductive age (15-44 years), and the first to compare the differences in estimates between the two groups by sociodemographic characteristics. In general, there were no statistically significant differences between pregnant women and nonpregnant women in the prevalence estimates of dental caries and periodontal disease. Nonetheless, some exceptions included higher prevalence among pregnant women for dental caries (DFS,0) in the highest FPL level and untreated dental caries (DS,0) in the youngest age group (15-24 years). Regarding the prevalence of periodontal diseases, the only significant difference was among non-Hispanic blacks where the estimate of periodontal disease was higher among nonpregnant women.. We estimated a mean DFS of 12.1 among pregnant women and 13.1 among nonpregnant women of 15-44 years of age. ...
dmft score dental caries, Changing levels of dental caries experience pdf, 7kb; In 1981, WHO and the FDI World Dental Federation jointly formulated goals for oral health to be achieved by the year 2000 as follows: 1. 50% of 5-6 year-olds to be free of dental caries. 2. The global average to be no more than 3 DMFT at 12 years of age.
Background. During the past decades, the prevalence of caries disease in the population of Western industrialized countries has decreased markedly. In children also, a reduction of dental caries experience has been reported by many authors. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the trend of dental caries prevalence in 12-year-old children living in the city of Sassari, (Italy), by five cross-sectional studies conducted in 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998 and 2004. Methods. In all cohorts, dental caries (DMFT and SiC Index according to WHO indications), was measured. For each variable measured (DMFT and sub-indices, SiC Index), differences in proportions among the five cohorts during the fifteen years were tested using χ2-square test. Results. The mean DMFT index decreased from 4.3 ± 3.1 in 1989 to 0.8 ± 1.5 in 2004. The prevalence of untreated caries (DT) had a notable decrease between 1992 and 1995, increased slightly between 1995 and 1998 and had the greatest decrease in 2004. The number of filled ...
During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years ...
Dental caries (decay) is one of the most prevalent chronic childhood diseases worldwide and is a major problem both from a population health perspective and for individual families who have to deal with a young child suffering from toothache [1-3]. In 1996, 39 percent of Australian 6 year-old children had dental caries [4, 5], and since that time caries experience in Australian children in all States and Territories has increased [5, 6]. The 2002 Child Dental Health Survey of Australia reported that 45 percent of 5-year-olds had one or more decayed or missing teeth and 10 percent of those children examined were found to have more than seven decayed teeth [7]. Local data from the Centre for Oral Health Strategy (NSW Health) indicates that despite water fluoridation, dental caries is a major public health problem particularly in disadvantaged areas. For example, 40 percent of the 5-6-year-olds [8] surveyed in the Sydney South West Area Health Service (SSWAHS) had up to 5 missing or decayed teeth- ...
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a type of dental caries in the teeth of infants and children that is represented as one of the most prevalent dental problems in this period. Various studies have reported different types of prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children worldwide. However, there has been no comprehensive study to summarize the results of these studies in general, so this study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children in different continents of the world during a systematic review and meta-analysis. In this review study, articles were extracted by searching in the national and international databases of SID, MagIran, IranMedex, IranDoc, Cochrane, Embase, ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science (ISI) between 1995 and December 2019. Random effects model was used for analysis and heterogeneity of studies was evaluated by using the I2 index. Data were analyzed by using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis
Objective: To determine the knowledge, perceptions and effects of eating habits on dental caries among 11 to 14 year olds in an urban school in Nairobi, Kenya. Oesign:This was a descriptive cross sectional study Setting: The study was conducted at Hospital Hill primary school. It is a co-ed public school run by the Nairobi City Council in Westlands division of Nairobi province. Materials and methods: A self administered questionnaire was filled by 198 pupils attending Hospital Hill Primary School, and in classes 5-8 and a clinical examination ofthe first permanent molar in each quadrant using a periodontal probe or explorer was done in a fluorescent lit room. A tooth was noted as carious if it had a color change, wedging and catching of an explorer tip. Proximal surfaces were not examined and no radiographs were taken. Teeth with white spots were not considered as decayed. Results: The results showed that knowledge of the effect of dietary habits on the incidence of dental caries was high, 99% ...
Book Descriptions: Are you looking for eBook 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF? You will be glad to know that right now 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF is available on our online library. With our online resources, you can find 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries or just about any type of ebooks, for any type of product. Best of all, they are entirely free to find, use and download, so there is no cost or stress at all. We have made it easy for you to find a PDF Ebooks without any digging. And by having access to our ebooks online or by storing it on your computer, you have convenient answers with 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF.. Book Details: ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite different strategies for improving behavioral factors, dental caries (tooth decay) remains to be one of the most prevalent oral diseases and a challenging public health problem far from being controlled. In addition to environmental factors, recent studies have provided convincing evidence that genetics also plays an important role in the etiology of dental caries. However, to date, genetic studies on caries are still in an early stage compared to numerous efforts that have been made in other complex diseases or traits. In this proposal, to complement the traditional single marker/gene, we will develop innovative strategies to identify groups of functional related genes with enriched associations with dental caries in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) dataset. Our Specific Aims are as follows. (1) To develop a novel statistical method based on mixed effects models to identify genes and gene sets that have enriched association signals in GWAS. We ...
Caries in children under 6 years old (Early Childhood Caries) is still a major oral health problems in many countries. The high prevalence of ECC should be prevented immediately based on the cause of caries. Saliva is one of the factors that play role in dental caries process, also play a role as caries prevention. This article describes the relationship...
1852210087 Strategy for Dental Caries Prevention in European Countries According to their Laws and Regulations,books, textbooks, text book
Data on oral health among the elderly in Norway is sparse. The aim of the present study was to describe the distribution of enamel-, dentin-, root- and secondary caries within an elderly population in Northern-Norway. A study population (n=1 173) was divided into four age groups: 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-94. Seven calibrated examiners registered presence, location and severity of caries lesions on x-rays and intra-oral photos. Severity of approximal and occlusal primary and secondary, as well as root caries was graded (D1-2: in enamel; D3- 5: into dentin, Sec1-2 og Sec3-5, Root D3-5). DMFS/DMFT were calculated. The seniors had more primary caries (DS1-5) compared to the oldest age groups, while the old elderly had significantly more secondary caries than the other groups (p,0.05). Among the oldest age population (80-94 yrs), 21 % were registered with root caries. About 48 % of the old elderly had one or more surfaces with untreated caries lesions into dentin, while for the other groups the ...
People refer to dental caries in different ways (caries, cavities, tooth decay) but note that they refer to the same thing, the wearing out of teeth as a result of bacterial activity. If you snack frequently or habitually sip sugary drinks, but fail to clean your teeth well, you are a candidate for dental caries.. How do you know if you have dental caries?. You will often notice a cavity. It becomes difficult, sometimes downright painful, to eat. If you do not address the problem, the tissue surrounding the decaying tooth may become inflamed. The area may become infected. An abscess may form. You may eventually lose the affected tooth.. Symptoms of the disease may not always be apparent at first. Tooth decay may manifest itself on the onset as a chalk-white spot (also called a lesion or a micro cavity) on your tooth, indicating that the enamel is going through demineralization. As the lesion becomes increasingly demineralized, it can become brownish, and ultimately become a cavity. You can ...
This book aims to define the etiological factors in dental caries and to guide the clinician towards methods of caries prevention that are evidence based. The coverage includes discussion of the active role of the biofilm and the oral environment and emphasizes the multifactorial etiology of dental caries. The opening chapters describe the early detection and diagnosis of dental caries, highlight the value of caries risk assessment to the patient, and explain the dynamic process of the demineralization-remineralization cycle. Information is presented on the action of fluoride, and the evidence relating to the use and effectiveness of remineralization agents and biomimetic materials is reviewed. Additionally, the effects of antimicrobials such as chlorhexidine and ozone are summarized. Further chapters focus on dietary counseling (with information on sweeteners and probiotics), the effectiveness of sealants in caries prevention, and resin infiltration. The philosophy of prophylaxis and ways to ...
Dental caries or tooth decay is a common chronic disorder among children. According to National Oral Health Survey for Preschool Children (2005) and School Children (2006), about three fourth of the 5 to 6 year-old children have caries. The notorious impacts of dental caries are well-documented- from acute effects, such as pain, to long-term consequences like eating difficulty and reduced quality of life.
Prior studies suggest dental caries traits in children and adolescents are partially heritable, but there has been no large-scale consortium genome-wide association study (GWAS) to date. We therefore performed GWAS for caries in participants aged 2.5-18.0 years from nine contributing centres. Phenotype definitions were created for the presence or absence of treated or untreated caries, stratified by primary and permanent dentition. All studies tested for association between caries and genotype dosage and the results were combined using fixed-effects meta-analysis. Analysis included up to 19 003 individuals (7530 affected) for primary teeth and 13 353 individuals (5875 affected) for permanent teeth. Evidence for association with caries status was observed at rs1594318-C for primary teeth [intronic within ALLC, odds ratio (OR) 0.85, effect allele frequency (EAF) 0.60, P 4.13e-8] and rs7738851-A (intronic within NEDD9, OR 1.28, EAF 0.85, P 1.63e-8) for permanent teeth. Consortium-wide estimated ...
A survey was conducted to determine dental caries prevalence and treatment among 1,095 25-to 44-year-old permanent force Israeli military personnel. Caries experience, by decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth DMFT, was 11.66, with an average of 1.37 untreated caries, 2.40 extracted teeth, and 7.90 treated teeth. Caries was positively...
Cheryl E. Fryer, DDS, MS, MA; Ronald S. Brown, DDS, MS; and Sandra D. Osborne, RDH, MS; present a case of uncontrolled dental caries in a 24-year-old adult and discuss diagnosis, etiology, and management of the high-risk caries patient. This article is peer-reviewed and available for 2 hours of CE credit. Learning Objectives: After participating in this CE activity, the individual will learn: Factors involved in the etiology and diagnosis of uncontrolled dental caries. How to manage the patient with uncontrolled dental caries. ...
22. Hong L, Ahmed A, McCunniff M, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children aged 2-6 years in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. J Public Health Dent. 2008;68:227-33.-2323. Alm A. On dental caries and caries-related factors in children and teenagers. Swed Dent J Suppl. 2008;195:7-63.,2626. Hayden C, Bowler JO, Chambers S, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2013;41:289-308.,3131. Cinar AB, Murtomaa H. Interrelation between obesity, oral health and lifestyle factors among Turkish school children. Clin Oral Investig. 2011;15: 177-84.,3232. Norberg C, Hallström Stalin U, Matsson L, et al. Body mass index (BMI) and dental caries in 5-year-old children from southern Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2012;40:315-22. The factors that contribute to the two problems of caries and child obesity are both psychosocial and nutritional.99. Spiegel KA, Palmer CA. Childhood dental ...
Despite their shared origins, medicine and dentistry are not always two sides of the same coin. There is a long history in medical philosophy of defining disease and various medical models have come into existence. Hitherto, little philosophical and phenomenological work has been done considering dental caries and periodontitis as examples of disease and illness. A philosophical methodology is employed to explore how we might define dental caries and periodontitis using classical medical models of disease - the naturalistic and normativist. We identify shared threads and highlight how the features of these highly prevalent dental diseases prevent them fitting in either definition. The article describes phenomenology and the current thought around the phenomenology of illness, exploring how and why these dental illnesses might integrate into a phenomenological model. We discover that there are some features particular to dental caries and periodontitis: ubiquity, preventability and hyper-monitorablility.
Severe early childhood caries (ECC), while strongly associated with Streptococcus mutans using selective detection (culture, PCR), has also been associated with a widely diverse microbiota using molecular cloning approaches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiota of severe ECC using anaerobic culture. The microbial composition of dental plaque from 42 severe ECC children was compared with that of 40 caries-free children. Bacterial samples were cultured anaerobically on blood and acid (pH 5) agars. Isolates were purified, and partial sequences for the 16S rRNA gene were obtained from 5,608 isolates. Sequence-based analysis of the 16S rRNA isolate libraries from blood and acid agars of severe ECC and caries-free children had ,90% population coverage, with greater diversity occurring in the blood isolate library. Isolate sequences were compared with taxon sequences in the Human Oral Microbiome Database (HOMD), and 198 HOMD taxa were identified, including 45 previously uncultivated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence of dental caries among school children of Moodbidri.. AU - Rao, A.. AU - Sequeira, S. P.. AU - Peter, S.. PY - 1999/6/1. Y1 - 1999/6/1. N2 - This survey was carried out among 2902 children aged between 5 and 12 years attending 13 primary schools in various areas of Moodbidri, in Udupi district. The oral health status was assessed using the simplified WHO Oral Health Assessment Form. The caries prevalence was found to be 76.9%. The mean DMFT was 0.78 and the mean deft was 3.48. Although the mean DMFT score between males and females did not show any significant difference, the mean deft was found to be higher among males compared to females. It was also found that the mean DMFT score increased with age whereas the mean deft score decreased with age.. AB - This survey was carried out among 2902 children aged between 5 and 12 years attending 13 primary schools in various areas of Moodbidri, in Udupi district. The oral health status was assessed using the simplified WHO ...
Background: Recent studies have shown a substantial decline in caries experience in Australian Army recruits between 1996 and 2002-2003, and in Australian adults between 1987-1988 and 2004-2006. However, studies in children have reported an increasing trend in caries experience between 1998 and 2002. The aim of this study was to investigate caries experience in Australian Army recruits in 2008 ...
Fig. 5: Map of surfaces with highest simulated rates of probability of dental caries.. DISCUSSION. The spatial analysis of the distribution of dental caries among preschool children in the city of Canoas indicated the occurrence of intra-urban differentials, with the highest concentration of cases in the western portion of the city. This is the first study to investigate the spatial distribution of dental caries among a large sample of preschool children in a developing country. The findings demonstrate the importance of spatial analysis in understanding the polarization process of adverse health conditions and identifying more vulnerable groups.. Identifying spatial inequalities and visualizing them on maps enables health services to be qualified and organized. In addition to optimizing the allocation of financial and human resources based on the characteristics of each geographic area, this process is essential for guiding interventions aimed at reducing inequalities11,13,24,25.. Certain ...
Background The composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between patients with periodontitis, dental caries and orally healthy individuals. To identify characteristics of diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva metaproteomes from patients with periodontitis and dental caries to healthy individuals. Methods Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with periodontitis, 10 patients with dental caries and 10 orally healthy individuals. The proteins in the saliva samples were subjected to denaturing buffer and digested enzymatically with LysC and trypsin. The resulting peptide mixtures were cleaned up by solid-phase extraction and separated online with 2 h gradients by nano-scale C18 reversed-phase chromatography connected to a mass spectrometer through an electrospray source. The eluting peptides were analyzed on a tandem mass spectrometer operated in data-dependent acquisition mode. Results We identified a total of 35,664 unique peptides
Background: In the last few decades, industrialization, urbanization, economic development and market globalization have had a significant impact on changes in lifestyle and diet. Thus, food choices and nutritional intake greatly affect oral health and body weight. This has a significant impact on health and nutrition, particularly through higher carbohydrate intake and lower physical activity, particularly among younger members of the population. High sugar intake, such as sugar-containing snacks and soft drinks, was reported it is more common in children/adolescents who are overweight and obesity than those of normal weight. Frequent sugar intake is also a risk factor for dental caries. Given this, there is strong evidence that supports the relationship between dental caries and dietary intake has been associated with the development of obesity at a young age. Thus, it is possible to conclude that there is a biological relationship between dental caries and body weight. Objective: To see the
Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, cavities, or caries, is a breakdown of teeth due to activities of bacteria. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may include pain and difficulty with eating. Complications may include inflammation of the tissue around the tooth, tooth loss, and infection or abscess formation. ...
The objective of the study was to develop regression models to describe the epidemiological profile of dental caries in 12-year-old children in an area of low prevalence of caries. Two distinct random probabilistic samples of schoolchildren (n=1,763) attending public and private schools in Piracicaba, Southeastern Brazil, were studied. Regression models were estimated as a function of the most affected teeth using data collected in 2005 and were validated using a 2001 database. The mean (SD) DMFT index was 1.7 (2.08) in 2001 and the regression equations estimated a DMFT index of 1.67 (1.98), which corresponds to 98.2% of the DMFT index in 2001. The study provided detailed data on the caries profile in 12-year-old children by using an updated analytical approach. Regression models can be an accurate and feasible method that can provide valuable information for the planning and evaluation of oral health services ...
Looking for Dental decay? Find out information about Dental decay. caries an affection of the solid tissues of the teeth manifested by their gradual destruction and the formation of cavities.The causes of dental caries are... Explanation of Dental decay
Our laboratory has been extensively involved in establishing the role S. mutans fimbriae play in adherence to and colonization of the tooth surface by this bacterium and testing if antibodies against S. mutans fimbria components reduce the adherence of S. mutans to the tooth surface, thereby inhibiting the development of primary dental caries (6,23, 24). Caries-free (CF) adult individuals have higher levels of salivary IgA antibodies to fimbria-enriched preparation ofS. mutans than do caries-active (CA) individuals (7). These results suggest that CF subjects may be protected immunologically from dental caries in part by salivary IgA antibody against S. mutans fimbrial antigens. Perrone et al. (23) demonstrated, with immunoblot analyses and ELISA techniques with antibody to fimbria-enriched preparations, GTF, and P1 antigen, that the levels of fimbria components, GTF, and P1 antigen were higher in fimbria-enriched preparations fromS. mutans isolates from CA subjects than in preparations from CF ...
The Effect of Glucose and of Uncooked Wheat and Maize Starch Alone and Mixed in Equal Quantity With Sucrose on Dental Caries and Recovery of Implanted Streptococcus Mutans in Albino Rats
Nevertheless, in practice there are several readily determinable indicators that together provide helpful guidance when dealing with otherwise healthy persons and some well-validated medical or disability conditions that place individuals at heightened caries risk.. Thus far, the most consistent predictor of caries risk in children is past caries experience. In addition, there is evidence of matrilineal transmission of mutans streptococci in early childhood. Hence, the presence of caries in the mother and siblings increases risks for the child.. Regular brushing of tooth surfaces using a fluoride-containing dentifrice, reduces caries risk. Conversely, inadequate exposure to fluoride confers increased risk. Conditions that compromise the long-term maintenance of good oral hygiene are also positively associated with caries risk. These include certain illnesses, physical and mental disabilities, and the presence of existing restorations or oral appliances.. Fermentable carbohydrate consumption ...
Looking for online definition of residual dental caries in the Medical Dictionary? residual dental caries explanation free. What is residual dental caries? Meaning of residual dental caries medical term. What does residual dental caries mean?
An exploration of early childhood caries prevalence, malnutrition and the associated risk factors in rural and urban Nepal.. Under the menorship of Dr. Karen Sokal Gutierrez. Untreated tooth decay, also known as caries, is the most prevalent disease condition in the world, and it is the fourth most expensive disease to treat. Severe early childhood caries (s-ECC) is any sign of smooth-surface caries in children younger than three years of age or a DMFT score greater than four, five, or six in children aged three, four, or five respectively, on primary maxillary anterior teeth and these diagnoses occurs disproportionately in young children from low-income families who may either have an economic disadvantage, or a geographic inability to access dental care. Little published scientific data exists on oral health in Nepalese children; The first and only national oral health survey was conducted in 2014, and concluded that 58% of five to six year olds suffer from dental caries, making it the most ...
Related Policies. APHA Policy Statement 97-06: Evidence-Based Dental Care1 APHA Policy Statement 2008-7: Community Water Fluoridation in the United States2. In addition to promoting fluoridated water and fluoridated toothpaste, fluoride varnish programs should be established or expanded to reach underserved populations at high-risk of tooth decay. Dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay (the process, as distinguished from the cavity, the final phase of the process), affect people of all ages. Although tooth decay can be prevented or controlled, 28% of all US children ages 2 to 5 years have dental caries in primary teeth (20% of all children in this age group have untreated caries); 54% of children ages 2 to 11 years living at less than 100% of the Federal Poverty Level have dental caries in primary teeth (33% of all children in this age group have untreated caries)3; 23% of 6 to 11year olds living at less than 100% of the Federal Poverty Level have untreated permanent tooth caries.3 In ...
Post a Comment for Effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate containing paste on dental caries prevention in young children ...
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess Maryland dental hygienists knowledge, practices and opinions regarding dental caries prevention and early detection.. Methods: A 30 item survey was mailed to 1,258 Maryland dental hygienists. Two follow-up mailings and email reminders were sent.. Results: The response rate was 43% (n=540). Nearly all respondents were female (98%), and 58% practiced in solo settings. Knowledge and certainty of knowledge were moderate: sealants are needed regardless of topical fluoride use (55% certain, 40% less certain), newly erupted permanent molars are the best candidates for sealants (54%, 36%) and professionally applied fluorides are desirable in areas without fluoridated water (55%, 36%). Fewer were certain that incipient lesions can be remineralized before cavitation (23%, 69%), and dilute, frequently administered fluorides are more effective in caries prevention than concentrated, less frequently administered fluorides (6%, 24%). Opinions regarding ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinical practice guidelines for oral management of Sjögren disease. T2 - Dental caries prevention. AU - Zero, Domenick T.. AU - Brennan, Michael T.. AU - Daniels, Troy E.. AU - Papas, Athena. AU - Stewart, Carol. AU - Pinto, Andres. AU - Al-Hashimi, Ibtisam. AU - Navazesh, Mahvash. AU - Rhodus, Nelson. AU - Sciubba, James. AU - Singh, Mabi. AU - Wu, Ava J.. AU - Frantsve-Hawley, Julie. AU - Tracy, Sharon. AU - Fox, Philip C.. AU - Ford, Theresa Lawrence. AU - Cohen, Stephen. AU - Vivino, Frederick B.. AU - Hammitt, Katherine M.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 American Dental Association. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/4/1. Y1 - 2016/4/1. N2 - Background Salivary dysfunction in Sjögren disease can lead to serious and costly oral health complications. Clinical practice guidelines for caries prevention in Sjögren disease were developed to improve quality and consistency of care. Methods A national panel of experts ...
ICDAS (the International Caries Detection and Assessment System) is a new approach to the detection and classification of dental caries, starting with the stage showing the earliest visual changes. Methodology: This article describes the implementation of the ICDAS at the School of Dentistry, International Medical University, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in a step-by-step systematically planned process. Beginning with the setting up of a Task Force in 2011 for the evaluation and preparation of the training resources and the running of exploratory training exercises, it finally culminated in carrying out training workshops for the entire staff and students. After the internal processes had been completed, an international expert (KE) was invited to evaluate the process and conduct another workshop using the resources developed within the University, including a reference set of carious teeth. The overall time taken was one and a half years. Conclusions: The implementation of the ICDAS has been
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether salivary mutans streptococci (MS) counts in Chinese children had any value in the prediction of new caries in the permanent dentition in the age interval of 6.5-8.5 years. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-three 6-7-year-old children participated in this 2-year longitudinal study. Salivary MS counts were obtained at baseline with the spatula method. Dentin and enamel caries was recorded at baseline and at the follow-up, 2 years later. Spearmans correlation coefficients were computed. Past caries experience variables at baseline were entered into a multiple regression model with caries increment of the permanent dentition as dependent variable. MS counts were subsequently entered into the model to assess the additional caries predictive value. RESULTS: Spearmans correlation coefficient for MS counts and caries experience of the primary dentition at baseline was 0.48 and for MS counts and caries increment in the permanent dentition 0.12. In the ...
Objective To examine trends in dental caries among indigenous and non-indigenous children in an Australian territory. Basic Research Design Routinely-collected data from a random selection of 6- and 12-year-old indigenous and non-indigenous children enrolled in the Northern Territory School Dental Service from 1989-2000 were obtained. The association of indigenous status with caries prevalence (percent dmft or DMFT,0 and percent dmft,3 or DMFT,1), caries severity (mean dmft or DMFT) and treatment need (percent d/dmft or D/DMFT) was examined. Results Results were obtained for 10,687 6- and 12-year old indigenous children and 21,777 6- and 12year-old non-indigenous children from 1989-2000. Across all years, indigenous 6-year-olds had higher caries prevalence in the deciduous dentition, greater mean dmft and percent d/dmft, and indigenous 12-year-olds had greater percent D/DMFT than their non-indigenous counterparts (p,0.05). From 1996-2000 the mean dmft and percent d/dmft for indigenous ...
The study was conducted to assess caries and developmental defects of enamel in relation to fluoride levels in drinking water and the association between caries experience and the severity of diffuse opacities in children living in Uda Walawe, an area with varying concentrations of fluoride in drinking water in Sri Lanka. A total of 518 14-year-old children who were lifelong residents in this area were examined for dental caries and developmental defects of enamel. But the present analysis is confined to 486 children from whom drinking water samples were collected. The prevalence of enamel defects and diffuse opacities ranged from 27 to 57% while the prevalence of caries ranged from 18 to 29% in the different fluoride exposure groups. The prevalence of enamel defects increased significantly with the increase in the fluoride level in drinking water. Both the caries prevalence and the mean caries experience were significantly higher in children with diffuse opacities than in those without in the ...
Strömberg, E., Hagman-Gustafsson, M.-L., Holmén, A., Wårdh, I. and Gabre, P. (2012), Oral status, oral hygiene habits and caries risk factors in home-dwelling elderly dependent on moderate or substantial supportive care for daily living. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 40: 221-229. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00653.x ...
Severe caries may necessitate rehabilitative dental surgery. In Manitoba, demand for pediatric dental surgery increased from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. These data may help in identifying regions where oral health promotion is needed.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalencia de caries dental en escolares de 6-12 años de edad de León, Nicaragua.. AU - Herrera, Míriam del Socorro. AU - Medina-Solis, Carlo Eduardo. AU - Maupome, Gerardo. PY - 2005/7. Y1 - 2005/7. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of caries, deft and DMFT indices (sum of decay, messing, and filling tooth in primary and permanent dentition), and the Significant Caries Index (SiC) in scholars from Leon, Nicaragua. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Dental data from a representative sample of 1,400 children were collected and analyzed in a cross-sectional study (year 2002). All subjects were clinically evaluated by one of two calibrated and standardized examiners. RESULTS: 28.6% children were caries free in both dentitions. Caries prevalence in primary teeth in 6-years-old children was 72.6% and 45.0% in permanent teeth in 12-years-old children. Mean deft and DMFT were 2.98 +/- 2.93 (n = 1,125) and 0.65 +/- 1.43 (n = 1,379), respectively. The SiC at 12 years of age was 4.12. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How to intervene in the caries process in adults. T2 - proximal and secondary caries? An EFCD-ORCA-DGZ expert Delphi consensus statement. AU - Schwendicke, Falk. AU - Splieth, Christian H.. AU - Bottenberg, Peter. AU - Breschi, Lorenzo. AU - Campus, Guglielmo. AU - Doméjean, Sophie. AU - Ekstrand, Kim. AU - Giacaman, Rodrigo A.. AU - Haak, Rainer. AU - Hannig, Matthias. AU - Hickel, Reinhard. AU - Juric, Hrvoje. AU - Lussi, Adrian. AU - Machiulskiene, Vita. AU - Manton, David. AU - Jablonski-Momeni, Anahita. AU - Opdam, Niek. AU - Paris, Sebastian. AU - Santamaria, Ruth. AU - Tassery, Hervé. AU - Zandona, Andrea. AU - Zero, Domenick. AU - Zimmer, Stefan. AU - Banerjee, Avijit. PY - 2020/9/1. Y1 - 2020/9/1. N2 - Objectives: To provide consensus recommendations on how to intervene in the caries process in adults, specifically proximal and secondary carious lesions. Methods: Based on two systematic reviews, a consensus conference and followed by an e-Delphi consensus process were ...
Caries in the pit and fissures of occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent dentition is a significant dental health problem. Since pit and fissures lead to the retention of food on the occlusal surfaces of teeth which in turn cause dental caries. Dental sealants are cost effective treatment modalities when placed on teeth of children at high risk for dental caries. The cariostatic properties of sealants are attributed to the physical obstruction of the pits and fissures. Sealants are still underused despite their documented efficacy and the availability of clinical practice guidelines. If the proper recommendations are followed, sealants would be very beneficial in reducing the dental caries at an early stage.. ...
Sucrose is cariogenic, causing dental decay and eventual cavitation. There are many sugar substitutes which are equally sweet as sucrose but have fewer calories and are non-cariogenic or even anti-cariogenic. Xylitol and sorbitol are two common sugar substitutes that can be used to improve dental health. Xylitol, like other polyols, is a non-cariogenic non-sugar sweetener. Regular consumption of xylitol causes a shift in oral bacteria populations favoring less cariogenic bacteria. The main side effect of polyols is osmotic diarrhea although 4-5 times the amount needed to prevent dental caries would need to be ingested for this to occur. It has been concluded that polyols including xylitol are non-cariogenic. Unlike other sugar alcohols, xylitol has been shown to protect and reduce tooth decay by reducing Mutans streptococcus levels in plaque and saliva and lactic acid production of Mutans streptococcus. One study showed that groups consuming 100% xylitol had greater reduction in caries and S. ...
INTRODUCTION. Dental plaque left undisturbed over teeth is implicated in dental caries development, and, in the presence of frequent exposure to sucrose, white spots are clinically detected after 14-21 days7,22. Using sensitive laboratory methods to assess enamel demineralization it was demonstrated that even shorter periods were enough to cause enamel alterations2,16. However, the relationship between salivary factors, period of dental plaque accumulation, and dental caries deserves further research.. It has been assumed that plaque cariogenicity is influenced by a dynamic interaction of dietary and salivary, microbiological and biochemical factors. Salivary flow rate, buffer capacity and mutans streptococci counts were significantly related to caries occurrence in some studies9,19, and the evaluation of these factors has been proposed as a tool for caries risk assessment; but the associations with caries are normally weak. Also, mutans streptococci counts in plaque are considered to be ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: Histopathology of dental caries sangay/ dental implant courses by Indian dental academy , Author: indiandentalacademy, Name: Histopathology of dental caries sangay/ dental implant courses by Indian dental academy , Length: 19 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2014-04-30
Dental caries and the severity (depth) and area of erosions of tooth substance were studied in 11 bulimic subjects and 22 matched controls. Erosions were seen in 69% of the bulimics teeth and in only 7% of the controls (p less than 0.001). Depth of penetration was greater in the bulimics, extending even into the pulp, and the area of erosion was also larger. Scores for dental caries were higher in bulimics (mean DMFS 27.9, median 36) than in controls (mean DMFS 19.1, median 13.5), although the difference was not statistically significant. This study suggests that when erosions are present on the lingual surfaces of maxillary anterior teeth, as well as on the buccal surfaces of maxillary canines, premolars, and maxillary incisors, a diagnosis of bulimia is likely. Patients with these signs should be referred for medical help ...
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Objective: The aim of this in-vivo study was to evaluate the long-term clinical survival of different deep dentin caries treatment options. Materials and Methods: In total, 391 patients with at least one permanent tooth with clinically diagnosed deep dentin caries were inspected. Two hundred and fourteen patients were examined at recall visits. Inclusion criteria were teeth with deep caries lesions with pulp vitality but absence of spontaneous pain and periapical alterations. The subjects received either stepwise removal (SWR), complete caries removal (CCR), or direct pulp capping (DPC). The radiological and clinical exams were performed after a mean observation time of 62 months. Success was defined as pulp sensitivity to vitality test and absence of periapical lesions as well as a clinical symptom. Data were statistically analyzed using KaplanuMeier and log-rank (ManteluCox) tests (a = 0.05). Results: Of the total 214 patients evaluated, 126 received SWR, 88 received CCR, and 67 received DPC ...
Forest Smiles - The Best Dentist in Lynchburg, VA Early childhood caries or baby bottle tooth decay is a term used to describe a type of caries that occurs
Our teeth appear to be the strongest part of the body. Dentists proved this as the last part to deteriorate and get affected from local irritants. Of course, you can do this with the help of dental care.. Dental care is a basic preventive measure that aims to protect your teeth and your overall health. Its most essential part is right oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene involves a series of dental strategies, including daily brushing of teeth, flossing and regular dental visits. Apparently, very few people practice dental care. This resulted to different dental illnesses, including tooth decay or cavities.. Cavities or dental caries are the most rampant issues of oral health. This infection highly affects the chewing area which is why those who have affected molars use dental sealants.. Dental sealants are thin, plastic material made to protect your teeth from local irritants. Our Emergency dentist in LA usually placed this at the chewing surface. Therefore, you can find this material on your ...
Start Over You searched for: Languages English ✖Remove constraint Languages: English Copyright Copyright may apply ✖Remove constraint Copyright: Copyright may apply Subjects Dental Caries -- etiology ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Dental Caries -- etiology Subjects Diabetes Mellitus -- etiology ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Diabetes Mellitus -- etiology Publication Year 1900 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1900 Dates by Range 1950-1999 ✖Remove constraint Dates by Range: 1950-1999 ...
Baby bottle caries (cavities) can happen to your babys or toddlers teeth. You may be thinking, Its just their baby teeth, they are going to lose them anyway, but your babys first set of teeth are very important. Primary teeth help set the path for permanent teeth to come through. If you take out a primary tooth too early, the permanent tooth can come in off track and may not come out in its proper position. Alternatively, if you choose to leave an infected baby tooth as it is, the infection can travel up the tooth and affect the development of permanent teeth.. The most common cause of baby bottle caries is right in the name: from their bottle. Say you have a little one who only goes down to sleep if you give them a bottle of milk. The sugar in the milk is now sitting on your babys teeth for a prolonged period of time. Sugar mixes with bacteria and creates an acid that creates decay until the babys teeth are cleaned.. Avoiding baby bottle caries:. ...
Orthodontic treatment is the main treatment procedure to achieve a well-aligned dental arch and an esthetic smile. For this purpose, various types of removable or fixed orthodontic appliances are designed. However, each has their specific disadvantages. The most important one is that orthodontic appliances especially the brackets and the ligation mode create new retention areas in addition to blocking plaque-removing shear forces arising from fluid flow and masticatory loads with a resultant undesired effect of accumulation of dental plaque. Increased amount of dental plaque containing cariogenic bacteria is the main etiologic factor in decalcification of enamel during orthodontic treatment. This demineralization of the tooth surfaces results in appearance of white spots or even caries. However, in the literature, there are conflicting results in the relationship between orthodontic treatment and development of dental caries. Many preventive methods such as topical fluoride application, using bonding
Fissure sealant retention and caries development after resealing on first permanent molars of children with low, moderate and high caries risk.
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Baby Bottle Tooth Decay, Baby Bottle Syndrome, and Nursing Bottle Mouth are all terms used to describe a dental condition which involves the rapid decay of many or all of the baby teeth of an infant or child. The teeth most likely to be damaged are the upper front teeth. They are some of the first teeth to erupt and thus have the longest exposure to sugars from bottle feeding. The lower front teeth tend to be protected by the tongue as the child sucks on the nipple of the bottle or the breast. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay is caused by frequent exposure to liquid containing sugars for extended periods of time. When your baby falls asleep with a bottle containing formula, milk or juice; a pacifier dipped in honey; or while breast feeding, liquids pool around the front teeth. During sleep, the bacteria present in all babies mouths turns the milk sugar or other sugars to acids which cause decay. Parents may not know there is a problem until serious damage has been done. Oral checks
Tooth decay has become increasingly prevalent in preschoolers. Not only is tooth decay unpleasant and painful, it can also lead to more serious problems like premature tooth loss and childhood periodontal disease.. Dental sealants are an important tool in preventing childhood caries (cavities) and tooth decay. Especially when used in combination with other preventative measures, like biannual checkups and an excellent daily home care routine, sealants can bolster the mouths natural defenses, and keep smiles healthy.. How do sealants protect childrens teeth?. In general, dental sealants are used to protect molars from oral bacteria and harmful oral acids. These larger, flatter teeth reside toward the back of the mouth and can be difficult to clean. Molars mark the site of four out of five instances of tooth decay. Decay-causing bacteria often inhabit the nooks and crannies (pits and fissures) found on the chewing surfaces of the molars. These areas are extremely difficult to access with a ...
Dental sealants (also termed pit and fissure sealants, or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces; the back teeth have fissures (grooves) and some front teeth have cingulum pits. It is these pits and fissures which are most vulnerable to tooth decay, partly because food sticks in them and they are hard-to-clean areas. Dental sealants are materials placed in these pits and fissures to fill them in, creating a smooth surface that is easy to clean. Dental sealants are mainly used in children who are at higher risk of tooth decay, and typically they are placed as soon as the adult molar teeth come through. Dental caries is an upset of the balance between loss and gain of minerals from a tooth surface. The loss of minerals from our teeth occurs from the bacteria within our mouths fermenting foods and producing acids, whereas the tooth gains minerals from our saliva and fluoride that is present within our mouths. ...
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Plastic Bottles. Region-Wise Baby Bottles Market Analysis Can Be Represented As Follows:. - North America includes USA, Canada, Mexico. - Europe includes Germany, France, UK, Italy, Russia. - South America includes Eqypt, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Brazil, South Africa. - Asia-Pacific includes Japan, China, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia. Buy A complete Report at https://market.biz/report/global-baby-bottles-market-gir/87253/. The Baby Bottles report cover following datapoints:. Part 1: This part enlists the global Baby Bottles market overview, covering the basic market introduction, market analysis by type, applications, regions. The major Baby Bottles producing regions include North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle-East, and Africa. Baby Bottles industry states and outlook(2012-2022) is presented in this part. In addition, Baby Bottles market dynamics stating the opportunities, market risk, key driving forces are studied.. Part 2: This part covers Baby Bottles manufacturers profile based on ...
Tooth decay (caries) remains a major health issue in the United States and worldwide with a prevalence of more than 50% in young children that increases to about 85% in the adult population. The consequences of this disease range from a significant number missed days at school or work to malnutrition and effects on overall health, and result in about $80B in treatment costs. Caries disease-progression studies and resulting treatment regimen have not yielded significant oral-health improvements in several years. This four-year project funded through the NIH National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) propose to revisit the processes involved in caries development by combining carefully chosen and highly complementary new analytical and molecular biology tools. Current tooth decay (dental caries) prevention methods include enamel hardening with fluoride and bacterial removal via mechanical and general antimicrobial approaches. These methods are based on the knowledge that oral ...
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Parents/carers of infants should be particularly educated about the dangers of putting fruit juices and sugar-sweetened drinks into feeding bottles or reservoir feeders …
The International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC) presented recommendations on terminology, on carious tissue removal and on managing cavitated carious lesions. It identified dental caries as the name of the disease that dentists should manage, and the importance of controlling the activity of existing cavitated lesions to preserve hard tissues, maintain pulp sensibility and retain functional teeth in the long term. The ICCC recommended the level of hardness (soft, leathery, firm, and hard dentine) as the criterion for determining the clinical consequences of the disease and defined new strategies for carious tissue removal: 1) Selective removal of carious tissue - including selective removal to soft dentine and selective removal to firm dentine; 2) stepwise removal - including stage 1, selective removal to soft dentine, and stage 2, selective removal to firm dentine 6 to 12 months later; and 3) non-selective removal to hard dentine - formerly known as complete caries removal (a ...
Purpose: To investigate the thresholds of restorative intervention in dental caries treatment, based upon the lesion depth seen in radiographs, among Brazilian dentists working in small cities. In addition, the threshold of restorative intervention was compared with demographic and work-related characteristics. Material and Methods: The studied population comprised dentists (n = 89) who were working in 2000 in 20 small cities of the Midwest region of the Southern Brazilian State of Santa Catarina. Four different radiographs were shown of extracted premolars fixed upon a plaster base. The criteria for the radiograph analyses were proposed by Nuttall et al (1993). Results: Of investigated dentists, 16.7% would restore a carious lesion confined to the outer half of the enamel and 33.3% would restore a carious lesion in the outer and inner half of the enamel, but without involving the enamel-dentine junction. The percentage that would restore lesions in the outer half of dentine was 91.7%. Dentists ...
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of orthodontic malocclusion with periodontal status, dental caries, and sociodemographic status. Our study population consisted of a sample of 836 school children (384 male and 452 female, aged 11–14 years). Four experienced orthodontists and two experienced periodontists performed the clinical examinations. The Treatment Priority Index (TPI), Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN), decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) scores, and a questionnaire that surveyed socio-demographic status of students were used. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients were used to measure the association between variables. TPI scores showed that 36.4% of the students had normal occlusion, while 41.2% had slight, 15.7% had definite, 4% had severe, and 2.7% had very severe malocclusion. TPI values did not show any significant differences between pupils in different age, gender, socioeconomic status groups, and CPITN
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
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The oral cavity contains many different microbial species growing in a biofilm. Dental caries is the localised destruction of the tooth by organic acids produced from the bacterial fermentation of dietary carbohydrates. The mutans streptococci, in particular Streptococcus mutans, have been proposed as the main etiological agents of dental caries and high levels of mutans streptococci in the plaque is correlated with a higher risk for dental caries. A range of broad-spectrum antimicrobials are used to inhibit plaque formation. However, current research is focussed on more targeted approaches. The protein zoocin A has high activity against Streptococcus mutans, while the monoglyceride lauricidin is active against gram-positive bacteria. Both are therefore potential antimicrobials for anti-caries therapy. The aims of this study were to produce zoocin A at sufficient concentrations to use as an antimicrobial in a biofilm model and to develop a simple biofilm model for use studying the effects of ...
Objetive: The aim of this study was to analyze possible horizontal transmission patterns of S. mutans among 6-7-yr-old schoolchildren from the same class, identifying genotypes and their diversity and relationship with caries disease status. Study Design: Caries indexes and saliva mutans streptococci and lactobacilli counts were recorded in 42 schoolchildren. Mutans streptococci colonies were identified by means of biochemical tests and all S. mutans strains were genotyped by arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction. A child was considered free of S. mutans when it could not be isolated in 3 samples at 1-week intervals. Results: S. mutans was isolated in 30 schoolchildren: 20 having one genotype and 10 two genotypes. Higher mutans streptococci and caries index values were found in those with two genotypes. Five genotypes were isolated in more than 1 schoolchild and one of these was isolated in 3 schoolchildren. Our results suggest that horizontal transmission may take place. Conclusion: ...
Background: Traditional methods of measuring oral health mainly use clinical dental indices. In recent years, the use of subjective assessments to gain information about the impact of oral disorders on Oral-Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) has been advocated. By supplementing the clinical assessments with subjective assessments, a comprehensive account of the oral health of populations can be given. Studies on the OHRQoL of children in Kenya are so far largely unexplored. Objective: This study aimed at assessing the effect of dental caries and malocclusion on the OHRQoL of 12-14 year-old children residing in Viwandani slum. Study design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Subjects and methods: A total of four hundred and fifty two children aged 12-14 years attending public and private primary schools in Viwandani slum, Nairobi participated in the study. Their mean age was 12.9 years. The two public schools in the slum were included in the study. The private schools were ...
Paper I: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 15(6), David, Jamil; Wang, N. J.; Astrøm, A. N. & Kuriakose, S., Dental caries and associated factors in 12-year-old schoolchildren in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, pp. 420-428. Copyright 2005 Blackwell Publishing. Abstract only. Fulltext not available due to publisher restrictions. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-263X.2005.00665.x ...
Caries is a disease in the oral cavity due to bacterial interactions that convert carbohydrates in food to acids through the fermentation process and is caused by many factors such as host (teeth), microorganisms (bacteria), substrate (carbohydrate), and time. According to the results of the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2018 that the prevalence of caries in Indonesia is very high at 88.8%. The purpose of this study was to find out the depiction of caries incidence rates in primary school children in Indonesia based on age, Knowing the depiction of caries incidence rates in primary school children in Indonesia based on Gender. This type of research is a literature study by finding relevant references and library materials. with the content analysis method. Descriptive analysis method is done by describing the facts obtained, then analyzed and not only described but provides sufficient understanding and explanation. Based on the results of the Literature Study, the average respondent who ...
Dental Sealants What are dental sealants? Dental sealants are thin, plastic films painted on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth - molars and premolars - and are highly effective in the prevention of tooth decay (caries and cavities). Dental sealants are particularly effective on the back teeth, as the back teeth contain more hard-to-reach pits and grooves that serve as a host to food debris and plaque build-up. How effective are dental sealants? Because the sealants act as a physical barrier to deca...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors begin from early life and track onto adulthood. Oral and dental diseases share some risk factors with CVD, therefore by finding a clear relation between dental diseases and cardiometabolic risk factors; we can then predict the potential risk of one based on the presence of the other. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of dental caries between two groups of age-matched adolescents with and without CVD risk factors. In this case-control study, the decayed, missing and filled surfaces (DMFS), based on the criteria of the World Health Organization, were compared in two groups of equal number (n = 61 in each group) of population-based sample of adolescents with and without CVD risk factors who were matched for sex and age group. The study participants had a median age 13 y 5 mo, age range 11 y 7 mo to 16 y 1 mo, with male-to-female proportion of 49/51. We found significant difference between the mean values of DMFS, body mass index, waist and hip
Dental caries and periodontal disease[edit]. The tongue surface can be a reservoir for tooth pathogens and periodontal ... dental caries and periodontal disease.[3] Side effects[edit]. Tongue cleaning can cause discomfort.[4] Improper use of a tongue ... dental caries (cavities or tooth decay) or plaque accumulated on the teeth.[5] In addition, degradation of oral debris by ... "Journal of the American Dental Association. 129 (11): 1605-1607. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.1998.0109. ISSN 0002-8177. PMID ...
dental caries. *Diabetes (Type 1). *Diphtheria. *Duchenne muscular dystrophy. *Fifth disease. *Congenital Heart Disease ...
Shivakumar, K. M.; Vidya, S. K.; Chandu, G. N. (2009). "Dental caries vaccine". Indian Journal of Dental Research. 20 (1): 99- ...
Dental caries, commonly referred to as cavities or tooth decay, are caused by localized destruction of tooth enamel, as a ... Tayles, N.; Domett, K.; Nelsen, K. (2000). "Agriculture and dental caries? The case of rice in prehistoric Southeast Asia". ... Lukacs, John R (2008). "Fertility and Agriculture Accentuate Sex Differences in Dental Caries Rates". Current Anthropology. 49 ... Studies of dental enamel hypoplasia are used to study child health. Unlike bone, teeth are not remodeled, so they can provide a ...
Dental caries (tooth decay):[12] The evidence regarding carious tooth discolouration is inconclusive, however the most reliable ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. ... Dental plaque: Dental plaque is a clear biofilm of bacteria that naturally forms in the mouth, particularly along the gumline, ... Fluoride is considered an important factor in the management and prevention of dental caries, the safe level for daily fluoride ...
... significant contributors to dental caries.[54] Dental restorations are susceptible to unacceptable colour change even when ... Dental caries (tooth decay):[12] The evidence regarding carious tooth discolouration is inconclusive, however the most reliable ... doi:10.1016/j.dental.2004.04.002. ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15451241.. *^ American Dental Association (November 2010) [September ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. ...
ISBN 978-0-471-31266-6. Selwitz, Robert H; Ismail, Amid I; Pitts, Nigel B (January 2007). "Dental caries". The Lancet. 369 ( ... It is a common source of fluoride in the production of pharmaceuticals and is used to prevent dental cavities. In 2017, it was ... In the lower doses used for water fluoridation, the only clear adverse effect is dental fluorosis, which can alter the ... for the purpose of maintaining dental health. The fluoride enhances the strength of teeth by the formation of fluorapatite, a ...
... dietary noncariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners and dental caries". Federal Register. 71 (60): 15559-64. PMID 16572525.. .mw- ...
... dietary noncariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners and dental caries". Federal Register. 71 (60): 15559-64. PMID 16572525.. ... Sucralose is used in many food and beverage products because it is a no-calorie sweetener, does not promote dental cavities,[10 ...
Lussi A., Jaeggi T. and Zero D. (2004). The role of diet in the aetiology of dental erosion. Caries Res., 38 (1): 34-44. ... Riva Touger-Decker and Van Loveren C. (2003). Sugars and dental caries. Americal Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 78 (suppl) 881S ... Caries Res., 21: 555-558. Imfeld T. (1983). Identification of low caries risk dietary components. In: "Monographs in Oral ... Caries Res., 23: 417-422. Schachtele Ch.F. et al. (1986). Human plaque acidity models - Working Group Consensus Report. J. Dent ...
It is associated with active dental caries lesions.[1] It is also commonly found in fermenting animal and plant material.[2] It ...
Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. MMWR Recomm. Rep.. 2001;50(RR-14 ... Achievements in public health, 1900-1999: Fluoridation of drinking water to prevent dental caries. MMWR Morb. Mortal Wkly. Rep. ... Effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries in the 21st century: the WHO approach [PDF]. Community Dent. ... Canadian Dental Association. CDA position on use of fluorides in caries prevention [PDF]; March 2003 [March 2012; Retrieved ...
Hale, FA (2009). "Dental caries in the dog". Can. Vet. J. 50 (12): 1301-4. PMC 2777300. PMID 20190984. "Types of Teeth, Dental ... ISBN 0-8343-0051-6 Dental Anatomy & Care for Rabbits and Rodents Brown, Susan. Rabbit Dental Diseases Archived 2007-10-14 at ... In dogs, the teeth are less likely than humans to form dental cavities because of the very high pH of dog saliva, which ... The growth or eruption is held in balance by dental abrasion from chewing a diet high in fiber. Rodents have upper and lower ...
"The Vipeholm dental caries study; the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals ... extensive knowledge about dental health and resulted in enough empirical data to link the intake of sugar to dental caries. ... were fed large amounts of sweets to provoke dental caries between 1945 and 1955. The experiments were sponsored both by the ... Children died, developed anemia, and were in some cases denied dental care previously available to them as they developed ...
True dental caries are uncommon among companion animals. Although it has not been accurately documented in cats, the incidence ... Hale, FA (Jun 1998). "Dental caries in the dog". J Vet Dent. 15 (2): 79-83. doi:10.1177/089875649801500203. PMID 10597155. ... "Type 2" lesions are characterized by a generalized loss of root radiopacity on a dental radiograph. The definitive cause of ... "Cavities". American Veterinary Dental Society. Archived from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2006-10-23. ...
... s of the teeth are usually called dental caries. Location[edit]. Lesions are often classified by their tissue types or ...
Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the anticariogenic actions of saliva, tooth decay is a common feature and ... Saini, T; Edwards, PC; Kimmes, NS; Carroll, LR; Shaner, JW; Dowd, FJ (2005). "Etiology of xerostomia and dental caries among ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries [8].. *Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ... cervical caries and root surface caries. This is often seen in patients who have had radiotherapy involving the major salivary ...
Tanzer JM (1995). "Xylitol chewing gum and dental caries". International Dental Journal. 45 (1 Suppl 1) (1 Suppl 1): 65-71. ... Smint is endorsed by Toothfriendly, an international dental ratings organization. "Smint Journey". Smint. Retrieved 22 January ...
Baelum, edited by Ole Fejerskov and Edwina Kidd; with Bente Nyvad and Vibeke (2008). Dental caries : the disease and its ... Edgar, WM (25 April 1992). "Saliva: its secretion, composition and functions". British Dental Journal. 172 (8): 305-12. doi: ... and also play an important role in the maintenance of dental health and general mouth lubrication, without which speech would ...
Fejerskov, O.; Kidd, E. (2007). Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1- ... Without normal salivary function the frequency of dental caries, gum disease (gingivitis and periodontitis), and other oral ... "Journal of Dental Research. 81 (12): 807-809. doi:10.1177/154405910208101202.. *^ Myers, Eugene N.; Ferris, Robert L. (2007). ... Edgar, M.; Dawes, C.; O'Mullane, D. (2004). Saliva and Oral Health (3 ed.). British Dental Association. ISBN 0-904588-87-4.. ...
Dental caries is the process of tooth decay, and the development of what is commonly known as cavities.[30] Dental caries are ... Public dental services are scarce and costly to individuals who lack dental insurance. It may also result in unwarranted visits ... Another notable oral disease pertinent to maternal child health is dental caries. ... National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (2000). Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General. ...
Main article: Dental caries. Dental caries (cavities), described as "tooth decay", is an infectious disease which damages the ... Moore WJ; Moore, W.J. (1983). "The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries. 1. Sugar and the antiquity of dental caries ... "Dental caries", from the Disease Control Priorities Project. *^ Touger-Decker R, van Loveren C (2003). "Sugars and dental ... American Dental Association. *^ Introduction to Dental Plaque Archived 2011-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. Leeds Dental ...
... used to treat and prevent dental caries (cavities) and relieve dentinal hypersensitivity.[111] ... Rosenblatt, A.; Stamford, T.C.M.; Niederman, R. (2009). "Silver diamine fluoride: a caries "silver-fluoride bullet"". Journal ... Ternary alloys have much greater importance: dental amalgams are usually silver-tin-mercury alloys, silver-copper-gold alloys ... of Dental Research. 88 (2): 116-25. doi:10.1177/0022034508329406. PMID 19278981. S2CID 30730306.. ...
... while the causative agent of dental caries, Streptococcus mutans, is basal to the Streptococcus group. ...
Some Lactobacillus species have been associated with cases of dental caries (cavities). Lactic acid can corrode teeth, and the ... show evidence in defense to dental caries.[31] Due to these studies, there have been applications of incorporating such ... Lactobacilli characteristically cause existing carious lesions to progress, especially those in coronal caries. The issue is, ... preventing streptococcal pathogens from taking hold and inducing dental decay. The scientific research of lactobacilli in ...
"Health claims, dietary non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners and dental caries". Electronic Code of Federal Regulations 21 ... "Food labeling: Health claims; dietary noncariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners and dental caries". Code of Federal Regulations 21 ...
Author of one of the dental caries theories named after him. A. E. Sharpenak was born into a family of Baltic Germans settled ... In 1949, after numerous experiments, Professor A.E. Sharpenak proposed the theory of dental caries due to lack of income in the ... Sharpenak A.E. The etiology and prevention of dental caries. N Y State Dent J. 1967 Dec;33(10):592-600. PMID 5234447 Sharpenak ... Role of protein, lysine, certain mineral substances and vitamins a and d in prevention of dental caries. Fed Proc Transl Suppl ...
Parimala Devi B, Ramasubramaniaraj R (2009). "Dental Caries and Medicinal Plants - An Overview". Journal of Pharmacy Research. ...
"Effect of erythritol and xylitol on dental caries prevention in children". Caries Res. 48 (5): 482-90. doi:10.1159/000358399.. ... "Caries Research. 28 (4): 251-256. doi:10.1159/000261977. PMID 8069881.. *^ a b Honkala S, Runnel R, Saag M, Olak J, Nõmmela R, ...
The big money in fluoride is in fluoride deficiency (dental caries). Prenatal fluoride is still illegal. http://raygrogan2-ivil ...
"Dental caries and beverage consumption in young children" Pediatrics. 2003 Sep;112(3 Pt 1):e184-91 [1] ... M. A. Bassiouny, J. Yang, "Influence of drinking patterns of carbonated beverages on dental erosion", General Dentistry, May- ...
a b c d Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, Bath-Balogh and Fehrenbach, Elsevier, 2011, page 156. ... It can occur as a result of injury to dentin by caries or abrasion, or as part of the normal aging process. ... Sex- and Age-related Differences in Primary and Secondary Dentin Formation Advances in Dental Research, Vol 15, Issue 1, pp.42- ... Donna J. Phinney, Judy Helen Halstead Delmar's Dental Assisting: A Comprehensive Approach, p.97, Thomson Delmar Learning, ISBN ...
... in milk on dental caries and caries risk in children". Caries Research. 35 (6): 412-20. doi:10.1159/000047484. PMID 11799281.. ... A large study demonstrated that probiotics may decrease dental caries in children.[98] Two reviews reported reduction of the ...
január 1.). „The influence of a novel propolis on mutans streptococci biofilms and caries development in rats". Arch Oral Biol. ... Koo, H. (November-December 2002). „Effect of a mouthrinse containing selected propolis on 3-day dental plaque accumulation and ... polysaccharide formation". Caries Research 36 (6), 445-8. o. DOI:10.1159/000066535. PMID 12459618. ...
... second to dental caries) in Scotland.[12] Twice daily brushing and flossing are a way to help prevent periodontal diseases.[13] ... An Oral Health Therapist is a member of the dental team who is dual qualified as a Dental Hygienist and Dental therapist. They ... The minimum qualification required for the M.D.S. degree is a Bachelor of Dental Surgery. A majority of dental schools in India ... Gingivitis: Dental-Biofilm Induced. Gingival Diseases: Non-Dental Biofilm-Induced. Periodontitis:. Necrotizing Periodontal ...
... in the prevention of plaque accumulation, gingivitis and dental caries (III). . In: Odont revy. . 25, 1974, S. ... Patentanmeldung WO1988002600: Enzyme-containing bactericidal composition, and dental and wound treatment preparations ... Effects of a lactoperoxidase-system-containing toothpaste on dental plaque and whole saliva in vivo. . In: Acta Odontol Scan. ... Effect of lactoperoxidase system containing toothpaste on cariogenic bacteria in children with early childhood caries. . In: J ...
a b c d e f g h i Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, Bath-Balogh and Fehrenbach, Elsevier, 2011, page 170. ... The incidence of cemental caries increases in older adults as gingival decline occurs from either trauma or periodontal illness ... However, the quantity of DNA available in dentin is affected by age and dental disease, whereas that in cementum is not.[12] ... Because dental pain is a late finding, many lesions are not detected early, resulting in restorative obstacles and increased ...
Dental caries → 충치 (B). *Dental restoration → 치아 수복 (D). *Root canal *Toothache ...
History of dental restorations,[46] use of dental appliances, or oral exposure to substances that may cause oral lichenoid ... "IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 12: 61-69. doi:10.9790/0853-1216169.. ... dental composites, cobalt chromium based dentures etc). A full examination that includes the evaluation of the mucosal and ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ...
"Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". Cochrane Database of ... "Oral Longevity," American Dental Association brochure (PDF), page 2 Archived 2010-11-19 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June ... Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice. 12 (2): 81-83. ISSN 1532-3382. PMID 22726785. doi:10.1016/j.jebdp.2012.03.016.. ... are More Effective in Removing Plaque as Compared with Brushing Alone or the Combination Use of Tooth Brushing and Dental Floss ...
"Adhesively or non-adhesively bonded amalgam restorations for dental caries , Cochrane". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ... Dental amalgam toxicityEdit. Main article: Dental amalgam controversy. Concerns have been raised about the potential for ... "Dental Amalgam; Fact file" (PDF). British Dental Association. February 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February ... American Society of Dental Surgeons. (1845). American Journal of Dental Science. Harvard University. p. 170. ...
History of Dentistry in the Pikes Peak Region». Colorado Springs Dental Society. Αρχειοθετήθηκε ... 2006) Policy on the Use of Xylitol in Caries Prevention. Tanzer, JM ... Superior physical properties make palladium an ideal dental metal». ...
Trauma could occur during injections of local anesthetic in the mouth, or otherwise during dental treatments, frictional trauma ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ...
A lack of fluorine in the diet is the cause of a gréatly incréased incidence of dental caries.[43] Fluoride salts can be added ... Selwitz, R. H.; Ismail, A. I.; Pitts, N. B. (2007). "Dental caries". The Lancet 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07) ...
"Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental decay caries in the United States". MMWR Recomm Rep. 50 (RR-14 ...
Dental Update, 9, 199-208. *^ a b Holloway, P.J. (1983). The role of sugar in the etiology of dental caries. Journal of ... Dental Update, 9, 199-208.. *Holloway, P.J. (1983). The role of sugar in the etiology of dental caries. Journal of Dentistry, ... Dental Cavities, MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, page accessed August 14, 2006.. *"Dental caries", from the Disease Control ... Inggris)Image showing various stages of dental caries. *(Inggris)Global Oral Health - CaPP, a chart containing caries data from ...
... Classic is rich in sugar (or sweetners in some countries) especially sucrose, which causes dental caries when ... "Role of Sugar and Sugar Substitutes in Dental Caries: A Review". ISRN Dentistry. 2013: 519421. doi:10.1155/2013/519421. ISSN ...
Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme "Prevention and management of dental caries in children". Published April 2010 ... Anxiety Reducing Method of Managing Dental Caries in Primary Molars" (PDF). Australian and New Zealand Journal of DENTAL AND ... "British dental journal. 171 (2). ISSN 0007-0610.. *^ "The Australian and New Zealand journal of dental and oral health therapy ... Journal of dental research, 90(12), 1405-1410.. *^ Innes NPT, Evans DJP, Stirrups DR. Sealing Caries in Primary Molars; ...
Pharmacologic considerations for patients taking oral contraceptives»։ Connecticut Dental Student Journal 7: 7-8։ March 1987։ ... The antibacterial activity of plant extracts containing polyphenols against Streptococcus mutans»։ Caries Research 41 (5): 342- ...
ten Cate, J. M. (Feb 2013). "Contemporary perspective on the use of fluoride products in caries prevention". British Dental ... van Noort, Richard (2002). Introduction to Dental Materials (2d ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0-7234-3215-9. .. ...
"Dental caries and beverage consumption in young children". Pediatrics. 112 (3 Pt 1): e184-91. doi:10.1542/peds.112.3.e184. PMID ... dental caries, and low nutrient levels.[29] Experimental studies tend to support a causal role for sugar-sweetened soft drinks ... then sweetened drinks may increase the risk of dental caries. The risk would be greater if the frequency of consumption is high ... Bassiouny MA, Yang J (2005). "Influence of drinking patterns of carbonated beverages on dental erosion". General Dentistry. 53 ...
Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination,[8] periodontal scaling and root planing,[8] toothbrushing.[7] ... "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". Clinical Oral Investigations ... Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument.[8]. *Chemical - acids,[8] e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental ... Inflammation of the dental pulp, termed pulpitis, produces true hypersensitivity of the nerves in the dental pulp.[5] Pulpitis ...
... communication exists between the mouth and the impacted third molar there may be enough communication to initiate dental caries ... An impacted tooth is one that fails to erupt into the dental arch within the expected developmental window. Because impacted ... Though in most persons the dental follicle maintains its original size sometimes it may undergo cystic degeneration and become ... and make the future placement of a dental implant through such impacted tooth a feasible approach.[8] ...
Cost Effectiveness of Dental Interventions for Alaska Native Children. Tooth decay or dental cariesa is one of the most common ... Dental caries are bacterial infected tooth surfaces, which destroy the tooth enamel resulting in tooth decay. The treatment of ... A public health assessment was conducted that showed high rates of caries and a frequent need for full mouth dental ... At its maximum expected effectiveness, dental sealants had the greatest cost benefit in preventing caries with a savings of to ...
Trends in Dental Caries and Sealants, Tooth Retention, and Edentulism, United States, 1999-2004 to 2011-2016. ... CDC Dental Public Health Residency Programplus icon *Lecture Series. *How to Apply to the CDC Dental Public Health Residency ... Infection Prevention & Control in Dental Settingsplus icon *Summary of Infection Prevention Practices in Dental Settingsplus ... During 2011-2016, prevalence of caries and untreated decay was higher among Mexican American (caries: 73%, untreated decay: 20 ...
MILK AND DENTAL CARIES. Br Med J 1932; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.3710.306-d (Published 13 February 1932) Cite this ...
Levine, R. Briefing paper: maltodextrins and caries. Br Dent J 185, 392 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4809824 ...
Dental caries - or tooth decay -- is the most common chronic disease in children in the U.S., a silent disease that ... AAP-Recommends-Fluoride-to-Prevent-Dental-Caries AAP.org > About the AAP > News Room > AAP Recommends Fluoride to Prevent ... AAP.org , English , About the AAP , News Room , AAP Recommends Fluoride to Prevent Dental Caries ... Dental caries - or tooth decay -- is the most common chronic disease in children in the U.S., a silent disease that ...
Letter: Immunisation against dental caries.. Br Med J 1975; 4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.4.5999.760-a (Published 27 ...
7 Dental caries disproportionately affects minority and economically disadvantaged children.5 Risk factors for dental caries ... Screening for dental caries before school entry could lead to interventions to treat existing caries at an earlier stage and ... Dental caries is common in young children, many of whom do not receive dental care. Dietary fluoride supplementation and ... Improving oral health: dental caries (cavities). 2010. Available at: www.thecommunityguide.org/oral/caries.html. Accessed March ...
... , as many other conditions, has its own set of contributing factors that include the genetic, environmental, and ... Prevalence of Dental Caries. Prevalence is the statistical number of cases of a condition found in a specific population at a ... The perception that dental caries is generally on the decline has come with greater public awareness, fluoridation of many ... Statistical Information on Dental Caries. National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys are performed by the government ...
... and dental status and dental behaviors (eg, siblings with ECC, tooth brushing, dental problem, age at dental examination, ... Tooth decay in infants and preschool-aged children is called early childhood caries (ECC). Although dental caries is the most ... Prenatal Vitamin D and Dental Caries in Infants. Robert J. Schroth, Christopher Lavelle, Robert Tate, Sharon Bruce, Ronald J. ... Vitamin D and dental caries in controlled clinical trials: systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 2013;71(2):88-97pmid: ...
... reliable and practical detection and assessment of dental caries lesions as an effect of dental caries disease has been a ... Consistent, reliable and practical detection and assessment of dental caries lesions as an effect of dental caries disease has ... loss of vertical dimension and dental caries. The review shows the relationship between dental erosion and caries in children ... Most of dental caries detection research focused occlusal and smooth surface caries. A critical factor to consider is that…show ...
Dental caries remains one of the most common infectious diseases of mankind. Cariogenic micro-organisms enter the dental ... Dental caries vaccines: prospects and concerns.. Smith DJ1.. Author information. 1. Department of Immunology, The Forsyth ... Molecular targets for dental caries vaccines are explored for their effectiveness in intact protein and subunit (synthetic ... This review will focus on methods by which mucosal host defenses can be induced by immunization to interfere with dental caries ...
Children of mothers who experience chronic stress in pregnancy may be at higher risk for dental caries, new research finds, ... According to National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, 42% of children aged 2-11 in the US have had dental caries ... Additional source: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Dental caries (tooth decay) in children (age 2 to 11 ... Stress in pregnancy may raise risk for dental caries in offspring. Published Friday 18 September 2015 Published Fri 18 Sep 2015 ...
Care guide for Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and ... Symptoms of dental caries:. You may not have any symptoms if your dental caries have just started to form. When dental caries ... Treatment for dental caries. may include any of the following:. *Fluoride treatments may be given during dental visits, or you ... Learn more about Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care). Micromedex® Care Notes. *Dental Abscess ...
Dental caries continues to be a costly and prevalent oral disease. Research efforts towards developing a well tolerated and ... A vaccine against dental caries: an overview.. Michalek SM1, Katz J, Childers NK. ... Progress in the development of a vaccine against dental caries has increased due to both advancements in molecular biology and ... Current strategies for immunisation against dental caries are using these virulence factors as key antigens and incorporating ...
1. The high occurrence and prevalence of dental caries Mexico belongs to the group of countries where the prevalence of dental ... 2. The difficulty of using other mass preventive methods against dental caries in Mexico As it is known, the artificial ... Prevention of dental caries through salt fluoridation in Mexico. Dra. Lucíla Pazos Hernandez, National Coordinator of the Salt ... Mexico became the seventh country in the world to adopt the salt fluoridation as a mass measure to prevent dental caries. 250 ...
... and prevention of dental caries. Current challenging problems in the f ... download and read Dental Caries ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Zhou ... Diagnosis of Dental Caries.- Epidemiology of Dental Caries.- Clinical Management of Dental Caries.- Dental Caries and ... Tooth Development.- Biofilm and Dental Caries.- Saliva and Dental Caries.- Mineralization and Demineralization.- Developmental ...
Se trata de un curso básico sobre el tratamiento de la caries dental para controlar su progresión. Existen diversas posturas ... Learn Manejo moderno de la caries dental from Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. ... Qué es la caries dental?. En este módulo revisaremos las repercusiones de la enfermedad caries dental en el ámbito individual y ... Estadíos de la caries dental. En este módulo revisaremos las características generales de la caries dental en su fase ...
Diet and Dental Caries). Posted on 7 February, 2015 by Alice Reinheimer ... Diet and Dental Caries). Diät und Zahnkaries. ( ...
... caries prevention continuing education courses are offered on dentalcare.com in partnership with the American Dental Education ... Dental plaque is presented as a microbial biofilm ecosystem.. *Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : The Host - This ... Dental plaque is presented as a microbial biofilm ecosystem.. *Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Diagnosis - This ... Dental plaque is presented as a microbial biofilm ecosystem.. *Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Intervention - This ...
The Vipeholm dental caries study; the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals ... 4. Baelum V, Sheiham A, Burt B. Caries control for populations. In: Fejerskov O, Kidd E, editors. Dental caries: the disease ... caries lesion). In Dentistry, dental caries is the most prevalent disease and the major reason for tooth loss,2 representing a ... dental caries is indicated in caries-active individuals, resin-based sealants should be preferred, and, once the sealant is ...
... law firm submitted a health claim notification regarding the relationship between fluoridated water and reduced risk of dental ... and dietary supplements and the application of dental sealants, are additional means of preventing dental caries. (Executive ... Widespread use of fluoride has been a major factor in the decline in the prevalence and severity of dental caries (i.e., tooth ... Health Claim Notification for Fluoridated Water and Reduced Risk of Dental Caries. * Share ...
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US Patent No. 9,662,276 B2; President and Fellows of Harvard College, Cambridge, MA, have patented a kit for detecting demineralization of a tooth surface. It contains a container comprising
"Oral health behavior and prevalence of dental caries in Dar-es-Salaam," Tanzania Dental Journal, vol. 14, pp. 1-7, 2007. View ... Dental Caries, and Supragingival Plaque and Calculus among Students, Tanga, Tanzania. L. C. Carneiro1 and M. N. Kabulwa2 ... A. S. Bajomo, M. J. Rudolph, and E. O. Ogunbodede, "Dental caries in six, 12 and 15 year old Venda children in South Africa," ... B. A. Kassim, M. A. Noor, and M. L. Chindia, "Oral health status among Kenyans in a rural arid setting: dental caries ...
Less than half of the students had experience of dental caries and those with caries were mostly females and of the younger age ... More than half (53.6%) of the students were caries-free, and the majority of those with dental caries experience were aged 14- ... Dental Caries, and Supragingival Plaque and Calculus among Students, Tanga, Tanzania. L. C. Carneiro1 and M. N. Kabulwa2 ... The prevalence of dental caries and supragingival plaque and calculus in 785 secondary schools students was assessed. ...
Dental costs, including those pertaining to caries treatment, amount to 5 % of global health care-related costs. Caries is the ... One in five children in Sweden is considered a high-risk individual when it comes to the risk of developing dental caries. ... EBioMedicine, article: Genetics- and lifestyle-dependent dental caries defined by the acidic proline-rich protein genes PRH1 ... You are here: Immune deficiency explains rampant dental caries in some children ...
Posts tagged "Dental caries". Dental Health Still A Major Problem In The West. March 23rd, 2011 According to figures published ... by the World Health Organisation (WHO), dental health is still a major problem in the industrialised nations. The figures comes ...
Dental caries and periodontal diseases are a sensitive alarm bell for an unhealthy diet, which predicts the future onset of the ... Nutrition, dental caries and periodontal disease: a narrative review J Clin Periodontol. 2017 Mar;44 Suppl 18:S79-S84. doi: ... Conclusion: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are a sensitive alarm bell for an unhealthy diet, which predicts the future ... Results: Dental caries cannot develop without the presence of dietary fermentable carbohydrates, in particular sugar. The ...
... Email [email protected] or telephone us on 020 7563 4545 to request a password. Use your BDA Membership number as ... Copyright © 2021 British Dental Association. All rights reserved. Registered office 64 Wimpole Street London W1G 8YS. Limited ... Aetiology of caries , Root caries. Early childhood caries , Dentine caries , Sugars. Caries: diagnosis , Caries: epidemiology ...
Extracellular polysaccharides play a central role in the survival capabilities of caries-causing bacteria in dental plaque, ... nav.selected How Caries-Causing Bacteria Can Survive in Dental Plaque. Start of page content Free Content. 02 November 2017 How ... The EPS integration of calcium doesnt just help cariogenic bacteria to survive in dental enamel; it also causes caries. "EPS ... Extracellular polysaccharides play a central role in the survival capabilities of caries-causing bacteria in dental plaque, ...
  • Tooth decay or dental caries a is one of the most common chronic conditions among American children as reported by the American Academy of Pediatrics Children's Oral Health Initiative (1, 2). (cdc.gov)
  • Of the five interventions studied, water fluoridation, tooth brushing and fluoride varnish would prevent the greatest number of dental caries and FMDRs. (cdc.gov)
  • Dental caries are bacterial infected tooth surfaces, which destroy the tooth enamel resulting in tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
  • Dental caries - or tooth decay -- is the most common chronic disease in children in the U.S., a silent disease that disproportionally affects poor, young, and minority populations. (aap.org)
  • Fluoridated toothpaste is recommended for all children starting at tooth eruption, regardless of caries risk. (aap.org)
  • Dental caries is an infectious process involving breakdown of the tooth enamel. (aappublications.org)
  • Early childhood caries is associated with pain and tooth loss, as well as impaired growth, decreased weight gain, and negative effects on speech, appearance, self-esteem, school performance, and quality of life. (aappublications.org)
  • Inadequate maternal vitamin D (assessed by using 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25OHD]) levels during pregnancy may affect tooth calcification, predisposing enamel hypoplasia and early childhood caries (ECC). (aappublications.org)
  • Tooth decay in infants and preschool-aged children is called early childhood caries (ECC). (aappublications.org)
  • Dental Erosion ABSTRACT: The nature of acids and sugars has both acidogenic and cariogenic properties, which results in enamel loss, tooth sensitivity, loss of vertical dimension and dental caries. (ipl.org)
  • According to National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, 42% of children aged 2-11 in the US have had dental caries, or tooth decay, in their primary teeth, while 21% of children aged 6-11 have had dental caries in their adult teeth. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When dental caries reach deeper parts of your tooth, you may start to feel pain. (drugs.com)
  • After an introductory chapter on tooth development, the relationships of biofilm and saliva to dental caries and the significance of the balance between demineralization and remineralization for the development of carious lesions are discussed. (ebooks.com)
  • Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Erosion - This course introduces the concept of erosive tooth wear as a condition distinct from caries but that is emerging as a public health issue with increasing prevalence in all age-groups. (dentalcare.com)
  • Dental caries is defined as a chemical dissolution of the tooth mineral resulting from metabolic events taking place in the dental biofilm covering the affected area. (scielo.br)
  • The disease processes leading to dental caries must undergo lifelong control in order to avoid irreversible consequences in the later stages of caries development, namely cavity formation, restoration, endodontic treatment, crown therapy and possibly the ultimate loss of the tooth. (scielo.br)
  • In Dentistry, dental caries is the most prevalent disease and the major reason for tooth loss, 2 representing a major challenge for oral health care. (scielo.br)
  • Widespread use of fluoride has been a major factor in the decline in the prevalence and severity of dental caries (i.e., tooth decay) in the United States and other economically developed countries. (fda.gov)
  • The claim language is: 'Drinking fluoridated water may reduce the risk of [dental caries or tooth decay]. (fda.gov)
  • A new paper, published in the September 2005 issue of the Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice , provides some interesting insight on the relationship between dental fluorosis and tooth decay (1). (fluoridealert.org)
  • The focus of the paper is a study published last year (2), which found that tooth decay increased with the increasing severity of dental fluorosis. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Dental caries , or decay, is at first largely a chemical process and affects the tooth proper. (thesaurus.com)
  • Dental caries -tooth decay-is a disease hitherto almost universal from birth to death. (thesaurus.com)
  • This demineralization of the tooth surfaces results in appearance of white spots or even caries. (intechopen.com)
  • In our society, dental caries is best recognized by presence of decay or cavity on any tooth surfaces. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Under normal circumstances, bacteria is always found on tooth surfaces in the form of a soft and sticky mass called dental palque. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • To determine the pattern of caries in Nigerian preschool children and to identify the effect of age, gender, socio-economic status, oral hygiene status, tools used in tooth cleaning and the frequency of tooth cleaning on the children's caries experience. (springer.com)
  • Logistic regression was used to assess the effect of age, socioeconomic status, gender, birth rank, tooth cleansing methods, tooth cleansing frequency, tooth cleansing tool and oral hygiene status on the occurrence of rampant, molar and maxillary anterior caries of each study subject. (springer.com)
  • Caries is tooth decay, commonly called cavities. (merckmanuals.com)
  • A tooth surface is more susceptible to caries when it is poorly calcified, has low fluoride exposure, and/or is in an acidic environment. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Untreated caries leads to tooth destruction, infections, and the need for extractions and replacement prostheses. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Caries that invades the dentin causes pain, first when hot, cold, or sweet foods or beverages contact the involved tooth, and later with chewing or percussion. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Using a calculation method called logistical regression, it was determined that those patients with less than one tooth cavity had significantly less incidence of atherosclerosis compared to those patients with multiple dental caries. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • To test the theory on humans, the researchers enrolled 31 volunteers and professionally removed dental plaque on the participants' tooth surfaces. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Any food product that contributes to the growth of dental plaque has the potential to cause inflammation associated with periodontal disease that results from bacterial buildup in tooth biofilm (plaque). (medscape.com)
  • Tooth decay ( dental caries ) is a significant health problem worldwide. (cochrane.org)
  • Fluoride proponents believe the mineral strengthens tooth enamel, making it more difficult for acid-producing plaque to cause cavities and dental caries. (assureasmile.com)
  • The developers of the tooth patch hope that it's enamel-like composition will make it an effective shield to prevent tooth decay, as well as a restorative material that can be used to repair teeth with pre-existing cavities or dental caries. (assureasmile.com)
  • Dental caries is the localized demineralization of the tooth surface caused by organic acid metabolites of oral microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans . (nap.edu)
  • Caries of the tooth crown is still predominantly a disease of children and adolescents, although caries of the root surface of the teeth, secondary to exposure of the root by recession of the gingivae, is becoming more prevalent among older adults (Miller et al. (nap.edu)
  • 1987). Less is known about the causes of root caries than about caries of the tooth crown, but possible risk factors include increased longevity of the population and longer retention of teeth in adults (Carlos, 1984). (nap.edu)
  • The relationship of diet to dental caries risk was suspected as early as the fourth century B.C., when Aristotle hypothesized that dental caries was caused by consumption of sweet figs, which stuck to the tooth (Forster, 1927). (nap.edu)
  • cavities alone account for over 5% of healthcare costs in developed countries, with dental care focused on repairing rather than preventing tooth decay. (sbir.gov)
  • When your tooth fillings wear out, they lead to exposed tooth interiors, thereby leading to the formation of dental cavities. (identalhub.com)
  • The completeness of caries removal was judged on the basis of clinical criteria involving the inspection of the tooth surfaces using a good light source, dental mirror and explorer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Dental Caries is one of the major dental problems which is related to the activities of bacteria leading to the breaking of tooth. (omicsonline.org)
  • Any factor leading to enamel defects will thus predispose a tooth to caries. (westonaprice.org)
  • A dental professional will paint on a protective coating and this helps to rebuild decalcified areas of the tooth, which can halt tooth decay so it doesn't get any worse. (glacialenergy.com)
  • Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 1999 and 2004 revealed that 28 percent of children ranging from 2 to 5 years of age had one or more primary tooth affected by dental caries and 51% of children had one or more primary tooth affected by age 6 to 11. (omicsonline.org)
  • Dental caries is known to be a multifactorial disease resulting from the interaction of diet and microorganisms on tooth structure over time. (abebooks.com)
  • Fluoridation of community drinking water is a major factor responsible for the decline in dental caries (tooth decay) during the second half of the 20th century. (whale.to)
  • Dental caries is an infectious, communicable, multifactorial disease in which bacteria dissolve the enamel surface of a tooth (1). (whale.to)
  • Dental caries can result in loss of tooth structure and discomfort. (whale.to)
  • Untreated caries can lead to incapacitating pain, a bacterial infection that leads to pulpal necrosis, tooth extraction and loss of dental function, and may progress to an acute systemic infection. (whale.to)
  • The major etiologic factors for this disease are specific bacteria in dental plaque (particularly Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli) on susceptible tooth surfaces and the availability of fermentable carbohydrates. (whale.to)
  • Pioneering oral epidemiologists developed an index to measure the prevalence of dental caries using the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT) or decayed, missing, or filled tooth surfaces (DMFS) (5) rather than merely presence of dental caries, in part because nearly all persons in most age groups in the United States had evidence of the disease. (whale.to)
  • Dental caries (cavities) are the most common form of oral disease known to man, and the process of getting caries is called tooth decay. (colgate.com)
  • Effectively classifying caries lesions and implementing nonsurgical therapies, such as fluoride usage, can help reduce the damage done by tooth decay. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Risk assessment, therapeutic and restorative therapies, establishment of a dental home, and interprofessional care are key to mitigating the negative effects of tooth decay. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Screening and preventive interventions by primary care providers could improve outcomes related to early childhood caries. (aappublications.org)
  • There is no direct evidence that screening by primary care clinicians reduces early childhood caries. (aappublications.org)
  • This study shows, for the first time, that maternal prenatal 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels may have an influence on the primary dentition and the development of early childhood caries. (aappublications.org)
  • For many at-risk groups, the rampant extent of decay exhibited is called severe early childhood caries (S-ECC). (aappublications.org)
  • I hope that the next 75 years will bring even greater successes as we strive to eliminate early childhood caries and educate everyone on the importance of a healthy mouth and a healthy body," he said. (ada.org)
  • CDC was asked by the YKD Dental program for technical assistance in determining whether current interventions were cost-beneficial and effective in reducing the number of carious teeth in YKD children. (cdc.gov)
  • The treatment of these teeth may be done either in the local dental office by a dentist or dental provider or by an oral surgeon in the operating room when a child is unable to withstand treatment in the dental office and thus needs to be placed under anesthesia. (cdc.gov)
  • Among children with caries, the mean number of affected teeth was 4.3, which represented no detectable change since 1999-2004 (Table 3). (cdc.gov)
  • An overall 27 percentage point decrease was found in the mean percentage of primary teeth with caries ( dft ≥1) that were untreated (% dt/dft ) and a corresponding increase in the mean percentage that were restored (% ft/dft ) compared to 1999-2004 (Table 4). (cdc.gov)
  • Among children with caries, the mean dft was 4.4, which represents little change since 1999-2004 (4.3 teeth) (Table 7). (cdc.gov)
  • Consistent with these findings, an overall 18 percentage point decrease was found in the mean percentage of teeth with caries ( dft ≥1) that were untreated (22%), with a corresponding increase in the mean percentage restored (78%) (Table 8). (cdc.gov)
  • Fifty-nine percent of adolescents between the ages of 12 and 19 have had dental caries in their permanent teeth. (colgate.com)
  • It is diseases that should be occurs in to teeth, so author used different digital image processing tools and techniques such as, Dental X-Rays, Image Processing, Image Segmentation and Binarization these all of defined and elaborate Below. (ipl.org)
  • CONCLUSION In this paper, a novel approach is proposed to detect the measure of the teeth from dental x-ray images. (ipl.org)
  • Use dental floss to clean between your teeth at least once a day. (drugs.com)
  • Therefore, mucosal immunisation of infants prior to the appearance of their first teeth may be a well tolerated and effective way to induce immunity against the colonisation of teeth by mutans streptococci and protection against subsequent dental caries. (nih.gov)
  • Chronic caries infection and missing teeth are also risk factors for systemic diseases such as stroke and cardiovascular diseases. (umu.se)
  • At 12 years, the decayed, missing and filled teeth index was 1.63, the average decay per child was 1.26 and the prevalence of dental caries was 50%, but the filling needs met was 0.01. (who.int)
  • Secondary outcome measures were number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (dmfs) in caries-active children, number of episodes of pain, and number of extracted teeth. (nih.gov)
  • There was no significant difference in the number of episodes of pain between groups ( P = 0.81) or in the number of teeth extracted in caries-active children ( P = 0.95). (nih.gov)
  • Dental caries are cavities in teeth. (drugs.com)
  • Nonalignment of the teeth on the jaws may cause dental caries due to the accumulation of dental plaques resulting from difficult-to-reach areas in the mouth. (intechopen.com)
  • They predispose teeth to caries. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Rampant caries in deciduous teeth suggests prolonged contact with infant formula, milk, or juice, typically when an infant goes to bed with a bottle (baby or nursing bottle caries). (merckmanuals.com)
  • How Should You Take Care of Your Teeth to Avoid Dental Caries? (hubpages.com)
  • If one is serious about wanting to live for at least 100 years, then good dental care (and that means taking good care of all mouth tissues, including teeth, gums,tongue, and other soft-tissues that you hardly ever notice) to prevent systemic diseases. (hubpages.com)
  • We evaluated caries in the teeth of a Spanish school population and determined the percentage treated with dental composites. (isciii.es)
  • caries was detected in 21.7% of their teeth. (isciii.es)
  • This is applied to first (baby) and permanent teeth (depending on the age of the child) usually by a dental professional from two to four times a year. (cochrane.org)
  • The prevalence of dental caries is most often expressed as dmft (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) for primary dentition and DMFT for permanent teeth (Barmes and Sardo-Infirri, 1977). (nap.edu)
  • Caries, or the decay of teeth are difficult to automatically detect in dental radiographs because of the small area of the image that is occupied by the decay. (spie.org)
  • Approximately 56% of children had experienced caries in their deciduous teeth, and almost 30% had been affected by caries in their permanent dentition. (harvard.edu)
  • The results from the ZINB regression indicated that, among children with any caries history in their deciduous teeth, an IQR increase in cadmium was associated with 17% increase in the number of decayed or filled surfaces. (harvard.edu)
  • We observed no association between cadmium and caries experience in permanent teeth. (harvard.edu)
  • Conclusions: Environmental cadmium exposure may be associated with increased risk of dental caries in deciduous teeth of children. (harvard.edu)
  • Even potato chips create more acids, and these acids work on your teeth to create dental caries. (identalhub.com)
  • Dental caries was assessed using DMFT/DMFS (Decayed, Missing, Fillled Teeth / Surfaces), dmft/dft and dmfs/dfs indices. (carifree.com)
  • Pupils with 4 FS showed the lowest number of teeth with caries. (carifree.com)
  • 59% of adolescents 12 to 19 have had dental caries in their permanent teeth. (nih.gov)
  • Tables 1 through 4 present selected caries estimates in permanent teeth for adolescents aged 12-19 years and for selected subgroups. (nih.gov)
  • Dental caries is measured by a dentist examining a person's teeth, and recording the ones with untreated decay and the ones with fillings. (nih.gov)
  • The restoration teeth were assess by clinical and radiographic examination for detection the recurrent caries. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It is evident, however, that other factors also are involved, for it is not unusual to find in the middle aged all teeth abraded almost to the gingival margin, with the dentin widely exposed, yet no evidence of active caries. (westonaprice.org)
  • Some teeth showing unquestionable arrest of caries were found in the most poorly kept mouths. (westonaprice.org)
  • For the last century the dental profession has been focusing on restoring teeth as a treatment for dental caries. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • Soon after establishing his dental practice in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1901, Dr. Frederick S. McKay noted an unusual permanent stain or 'mottled enamel' (termed 'Colorado brown stain' by area residents) on the teeth of many of his patients (6). (whale.to)
  • McKay also observed that teeth affected by this condition seemed less susceptible to dental caries (7). (whale.to)
  • The stickiness of the plaque keeps these acids in contact with your teeth, and over time the enamel can break down, according to the American Dental Association (ADA) . (colgate.com)
  • The proper application of pit and fissure sealants, a hard plastic material applied to seal the grooves and pits when the teeth have erupted, can prevent this type of dental caries. (colgate.com)
  • During your routine checkup, your dental hygienist can apply a thin coat of fluoride varnish to your teeth after the cleaning portion of your visit is completed. (colgate.com)
  • Teeth stain, dental pain, calculus buildup, and dental erosion can be side effects of exposure to pool chlorine. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • Cavities can only be repaired by a dental professional. (colgate.com)
  • ParallelDots, Inc., an artificial intelligence company, has started clinical deployment of Dentistry.AI , a cloud-based AI application for detecting cavities on dental x-rays. (prweb.com)
  • The broader/commercial impact of this Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project will be the development of an artificial intelligence software solution that enables automated detection of dental cavities in digital X-rays. (sbir.gov)
  • This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of two key innovations: (1) a novel software framework using an innovative neural network algorithm for the detection of cavities in X-rays, and (2) the world's largest database of dental radiographs annotated by specialists in oral radiology. (sbir.gov)
  • Prevention is better than cure, so keep a healthy life style and avoid dental cavities. (identalhub.com)
  • However, rapidly digestible starches were linked to an increased risk of dental cavities, since amylase, a component of saliva, is able to break these starches down into sugars. (dental-tribune.com)
  • What can you do to help reduce dental cavities and protect your smile? (glacialenergy.com)
  • It is a common source of fluoride in the production of pharmaceuticals and is used to prevent dental cavities. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a cavity is formed as a consequence of the metabolic activity of the biofilm, a restorative material or a sealant can be placed to block access of the biofilm to the oral environment in order to prevent caries progress. (scielo.br)
  • How To Prevent Caries? (myhealth.gov.my)
  • August 9/Osaka, Japan/European Organization for Caries ---Oolong tea, a popular traditional Chinese beverage, may help prevent caries in humans by inhibiting dental plaque, according to a presentation last month at the 58th Annual ORCA (European Organization for Caries Research) Congress in Lithuania. (preparedfoods.com)
  • The role of polyphenols in helping to prevent caries has not been as extensively examined, but previous studies have shown benefits with polyphenols from black tea, for instance. (preparedfoods.com)
  • I would certainly recommend CariFree to any one who is serious about trying to prevent caries in their practice or peace of mind to help protect expensive reconstructions. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • With the proper use of dental floss, you can prevent most smooth surface caries in the interproximal area, and using a manual or power toothbrush along the gumline can prevent caries in that area as well. (colgate.com)
  • Medicaid) perspective, the impact of five interventions currently used among YK children: water fluoridation, dental sealants, fluoride varnish, brushing with fluoride toothpaste, and initial dental exam with parental counseling. (cdc.gov)
  • At its minimum expected effectiveness, water fluoridation had the greatest cost benefit of preventing dental caries with a savings to the healthcare system of $1,335 per averted carie. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, when examining the prevention of caries in children receiving full mouth dental reconstruction, water fluoridation also had the greatest cost benefit with a savings to the healthcare system of $8,149 per FMDR averted at minimum effectiveness, and a savings of $6,053 per case averted at maximum effectiveness. (cdc.gov)
  • Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Intervention - This course introduces the student to the role of fluoride in the prevention of caries and includes water fluoridation, systemic fluoride supplementation, fluoride dentifrice and rinses, and professionally applied agents. (dentalcare.com)
  • Continue and extend fluoridation of community drinking water: Community water fluoridation is a safe, effective, and inexpensive way to prevent dental caries. (fda.gov)
  • Community water fluoridation is safe and effective in preventing dental caries in both children and adults. (fda.gov)
  • After discussing these previously published findings, the authors of the review do what others in the dental community have not done: they discuss the potential implications to water fluoridation. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The reviewed study contributes useful information in the debate on the role of systemic fluorides, particularly water fluoridation, when the prevalence of dental caries is low, the exposure to topical fluorides is high, and the prevalence of dental fluorosis is increasing worldwide. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Such evidence, if confirmed in better-controlled and larger studies, should be considered in the debate on the current benefits of water fluoridation in caries prevention. (fluoridealert.org)
  • 4 , 5 These defects increase the risk of early colonization by cariogenic bacteria, resulting in caries. (aappublications.org)
  • Most people consider caries to be a lifestyle condition caused by bad eating- and oral hygiene routines that lead to acidic pH levels in the mouth, which in turn damage the enamel and promote the colonization of acid-producing bacteria such as S. mutans ," says Nicklas Strömberg, professor and Head at the Department of Cariology at Umeå University and Västerbotten County Council, and first author of the article. (umu.se)
  • Extracellular polysaccharides play a central role in the survival capabilities of caries-causing bacteria in dental plaque, report researchers from the University of Basel's Preventative Dentistry and Oral Microbiology Clinic and Department of Biomedical Engineering in the journal Plos One. (unibas.ch)
  • Cariogenic bacteria live in biofilm and attack dental enamel by converting sugar and starch into acids that dissolve out calcium from the enamel. (unibas.ch)
  • In their study, the researchers investigated how bacteria manage to survive in dental plaque despite these conditions. (unibas.ch)
  • They create the biofilm's scaffolding and ensure that bacteria are able to anchor themselves in the dental plaque. (unibas.ch)
  • Increased amount of dental plaque containing cariogenic bacteria is the main etiologic factor in decalcification of enamel during orthodontic treatment. (intechopen.com)
  • Caries is caused by acids produced by bacteria in dental plaque. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Streptococcus mutans species are a group of related bacteria that grow in plaque and can cause caries. (merckmanuals.com)
  • 6. Limit yourself with sugary foods as the bacteria present in dental plaque turns this sugar into acids. (hubpages.com)
  • This review discusses the cariostatic mechanisms of specific cranberry phytochemicals and their potential use as therapeutic agents against cariogenic bacteria in the prevention and control of dental caries. (cranberryinstitute.org)
  • CD14 is a co-receptor involved in the recognition of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, the latter known to cause dental caries. (srce.hr)
  • It has been stated over 100 years ago that caries is caused by bacteria. (termedia.pl)
  • To provide a narrative review of the role of macro- and micronutrients in relation to dental caries, gingival bleeding and destructive periodontal disease. (nih.gov)
  • The susceptibility to develop caries in the presence of carbohydrates may be influenced by genetics and micronutrients such as vitamin D. Gingival bleeding and destructive periodontal disease are sensitive markers to both abnormalities in macronutrient content (excessive carbohydrates or poly-unsaturated fat intake, deficient protein intake) and micronutrient intake (e.g. vitamin C and B12). (nih.gov)
  • RD: Ch. 33 Dental Caries/ CH. 34 Periodontal Disease/ CH. 35 Lesions / CH 29. (quizlet.com)
  • In addition, polyphenols isolated from cranberry juice "appear to have potential for preventing and/or treating dental caries and periodontal disease," the authors wrote. (preparedfoods.com)
  • The analysed papers were studies of foods containing rapidly digestible starches, such as white bread, cake and pretzels, or slowly digestible starches, such as legumes and whole grains, and these foods' relationships with dental caries, oral cancer and periodontal disease. (dental-tribune.com)
  • Consistent, reliable and practical detection and assessment of dental caries lesions as an effect of dental caries disease has been a challenge for a long time. (ipl.org)
  • The lesions have to be assessed as to whether the caries is limited to enamel or if it has progressed to dentin. (ipl.org)
  • Children in the higher risk group could then be diagnosed before caries lesions and symptoms arise. (umu.se)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the management strategies California dentists use for approximal and occlusal caries lesions. (carifree.com)
  • More recent dental graduates were more likely to place their restorative threshold at deeper lesions for approximal caries lesions. (carifree.com)
  • Approximal and occlusal caries lesions: Restorative treatment decisions by California dentists. (carifree.com)
  • Stepwise excavation is a method of managing deep/extensive/advanced dentinal caries lesions to reduce the risk of pulpal exposures and pulpal pathosis by removing the caries lesion in separate appointments with ≥ 6 month intervals. (uiowa.edu)
  • DEXIS CariVu is a portable caries detection device that uses patented transillumination technology to support the identification of occlusal, interproximal and recurrent carious lesions and cracks. (dentalproductsreport.com)
  • Root caries in adults follows similar patterns: Socioeconomically disadvantaged populations with less education and lower income have a much higher prevalence of root caries. (colgate.com)
  • Varnishes should be a part of every dentist's regimen to prevent decay in those individuals at risk for root caries. (colgate.com)
  • The elderly also have a higher incidence of root caries because of gingival recession, exposure of root surfaces, and declining manual dexterity (causing ineffective oral hygiene). (merckmanuals.com)
  • Leads to increased caries risk, particularly root caries due to natural progression of gingival recession as part of the aging process, along with other dental problems such as attrition and toothbrush abrasion. (avroarrow.org)
  • Most of dental caries detection research focused occlusal and smooth surface caries. (ipl.org)
  • The first tool that oral professionals use for caries detection is done visually by using their eyes. (ipl.org)
  • Dentistry.AI targets the unsolved problem of comprehensive caries detection. (prweb.com)
  • Detection of approximal caries in 5-year-old Swedish children. (springer.com)
  • detection and assessment tool for dental caries 2. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • Discuss the major technological advances in the field of caries detection 3. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • Images of dental radiographs have distinct regions of homogeneous gray levels, and therefore naturally lead to a segmentation based automatic caries detection algorithm. (spie.org)
  • In May 2013, the authors e-mailed a questionnaire that addressed approximal and occlusal caries lesion management (detection and restorative threshold, preferred preparation type, and restorative materials) to 16,960 dentists in California. (carifree.com)
  • We have had excellent patient acceptance, they are most impressed with the latest technological advances in caries detection and our new treatment protocol. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • To learn more about how DEXIS is changing the caries detection landscape with CariVu, DPR sat down with DEXIS Product Manager Adam Palermo to learn more about the innovative device. (dentalproductsreport.com)
  • It's a whole new world in caries detection-it has been reinvented. (dentalproductsreport.com)
  • This book is a well-illustrated and comprehensive guide to the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, clinical management, and prevention of dental caries. (ebooks.com)
  • Subsequent chapters address the state of the art in diagnosis and treatment, the implications of disease burden for prevention, and the association between systemic diseases and dental caries. (ebooks.com)
  • Diagnosis of Dental Caries. (ebooks.com)
  • Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Diagnosis - This course introduces the student to the recognition and diagnosis of the caries lesion. (dentalcare.com)
  • A diagnosis of rampant caries, caries or no caries was also made. (springer.com)
  • Diagnosis is based on inspection, probing of the enamel surface with a fine metal instrument, and dental x-rays. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Incorporate the 2012 radiographic selection criteria to more effectively utilize bitewing radiography as a diagnostic tool in caries diagnosis 4. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • It was used the DMF/dmf-T index and the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of caries disease. (umich.edu)
  • The high growth rate of this end-user segment can be accredited to the inexpensive advanced dental imaging systems, growing consciousness among patients and increasing demand for quick and precise patient diagnosis and treatment planning. (prnewswire.com)
  • It is the first time I have had a "systematic" approach to caries diagnosis and management and it has simplified how I treat caries in my patients. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the recent progress on the development of a vaccine against infection by Streptococcus mutans for the prevention of dental caries, with emphasis on the mucosal immune system and vaccine design. (nih.gov)
  • In a five-year study, in which saliva and isolated bacterial strains from a large number of children was analyzed and the dental health monitored, the research group recently established that some high-risk children have a more virulent variant of the caries bacterium Streptococcus mutans . (umu.se)
  • Oolong tea polyphenols appear to help prevent dental caries by inhibiting the function of glucosyltransferases, which play a key role in Streptococcus mutans, a primary causative agent of dental caries in humans, the researchers noted. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Streptococcus mutans has long since been the primary culprit and the most prolific among the organisms in the bacterial plaque that can lead to the development of caries, along with Streptococcus sobrinus. (avroarrow.org)
  • A review of scientific evidence supporting the efficacy of cranberry polyphenols to prevent and/or treat diseases of the mouth indicated that, similar to the theories on oolong tea, certain properties also inhibit the formation of biofilms by S. mutans and S. sobrinus, and the adhesion of co-aggregation of some oral species of Streptococcus (Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, 2010;76:a130). (dentistry.co.uk)
  • Research demonstrates a direct relationship between smoking and Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation that raises the risk for dental caries. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • During 2011-2016, prevalence of caries and untreated decay was about 1-2 times higher among Mexican American, non-Hispanic black, and poor and near-poor combined children compared to non-Hispanic white and not- poor children (Tables 1 and 2). (cdc.gov)
  • During 2011-2016, prevalence of caries and untreated decay was higher among Mexican American (caries: 73%, untreated decay: 20%), non-Hispanic black (54%, 22%), and poor and near-poor combined (62%, 22%) children compared with non-Hispanic white (44%, 13%) and not-poor (40%, 11%) children (Tables 5 and 6). (cdc.gov)
  • Studies of special population groups, epidemiological surveys, controlled longitudinal studies of humans, and longitudinal studies on the effect of sugar substitutes indicate that frequent or high intake of sugary foods predisposes to dental decay. (sciencemag.org)
  • I'm always open to new research that may offer suggestions for patients to avoid dental decay, and everyone would like there to be an easier way (just drink this or eat that), but brush, floss, and see your dentist is still the best," he said. (preparedfoods.com)
  • It is designed to locate caries where X-rays may be limited, such as occlusal decay. (dentalproductsreport.com)
  • The objective of this study was to update the 2004 US Preventive Services Task Force systematic review on prevention of caries in children younger than 5 years of age. (aappublications.org)
  • Evidence previously reviewed by the US Preventive Services Task Force found oral fluoride supplementation effective at reducing caries incidence, and new evidence supports the effectiveness of fluoride varnish in higher-risk children. (aappublications.org)
  • In 2011, the ADA published a clinical practice guideline with a systematic review on non-fluoride caries preventive agents (including xylitol-containing products), which is available here . (ada.org)
  • Topically-applied fluoride varnishes have been used extensively as an operator-applied caries-preventive intervention for over three decades. (cochrane.org)
  • Conclusion: FS is an effective caries preventive measure under real-life conditions. (carifree.com)
  • Strict oral hygiene is not necessarily a preventive of caries, and many adult mouths which do not receive care and have exposed dentin show little carious activity. (westonaprice.org)
  • Application of the DMFT index in epidemiologic surveys throughout the United States in the 1930s and 1940s allowed quantitative distinctions in dental caries experience among communities--an innovation that proved critical in identifying a preventive agent and evaluating its effects. (whale.to)
  • These events are the caries process, while the resulting caries lesion is the sign of the disease. (scielo.br)
  • 1 By controlling the caries process, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of its signs (caries lesion). (scielo.br)
  • 8 It is therefore important to investigate possible factors that can disrupt enamel formation and increase the risk of caries. (aappublications.org)
  • Caries initially involves only the enamel and causes no symptoms. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Incipient caries (which is confined to the enamel) should be remineralized through improved home care (brushing and flossing), cleanings, prescriptions for high-fluoride toothpastes, and multiple fluoride applications at the dental office. (merckmanuals.com)
  • The identification of a possible etiologic agent for mottled enamel led to the establishment in 1931 of the Dental Hygiene Unit at the National Institute of Health headed by Dr. H. Trendley Dean. (whale.to)
  • Adopting the term 'fluorosis' to replace 'mottled enamel,' Dean conducted extensive observational epidemiologic surveys and by 1942 had documented the prevalence of dental fluorosis for much of the United States (9). (whale.to)
  • In moderate dental fluorosis, all enamel surfaces were involved and susceptible to frequent brown staining. (whale.to)
  • Fluoride varnish also reduces your teeth's sensitivity to heat and cold, and it can reverse caries that are just forming by strengthening the layer of enamel and remineralizing the surface. (colgate.com)
  • Cariogenic micro-organisms enter the dental biofilm early in life and can subsequently emerge, under favorable environmental conditions, to cause disease. (nih.gov)
  • Biofilm and Dental Caries. (ebooks.com)
  • Dental plaque is presented as a microbial biofilm ecosystem. (dentalcare.com)
  • Oral hygiene is a major aspect when it comes to caries, since dental biofilm is its etiological factor. (scielo.br)
  • An alternative to a more efficient biofilm control in occlusal areas is the use of dental sealants, which are only indicated for caries-active individuals. (scielo.br)
  • The review, titled "Xylitol-Containing Products for Preventing Dental Caries in Children and Adults" can be read online at www.cochranelibrary.com. (ada.org)
  • This review updates the first Cochrane review of fluoride varnishes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents, which was first published in 2002. (cochrane.org)
  • To determine the effectiveness and safety of fluoride varnishes in preventing dental caries in children and adolescents, and to examine factors potentially modifying their effect. (cochrane.org)
  • Dental caries and gingival infection may lead to local hemorrhage, even where the nutritional conditions are normal. (thesaurus.com)
  • En este módulo revisaremos las características del manejo moderno de la caries dental y abordaremos las diferencias entre técnicas de autoaplicación y las de aplicación profesional para controlar la caries dental. (coursera.org)
  • Our results now show that this correlation is accurate for approximately four out of five individuals, who have a small-to-moderate risk of developing caries because their composition of salivary innate immunity proteins make them relatively resistant to caries. (umu.se)
  • However, we have shown that so-called high-risk individuals, which are about one in five individuals, carry a genetically different composition of the same salivary innate immunity proteins, making them highly susceptible to caries independent of eating- or oral hygiene habits or S. mutans -infection. (umu.se)
  • The elderly often take drugs that reduce salivary flow, predisposing to caries. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy patients often times need fluoride supplements or a salivary substitute to reduce caries risk. (avroarrow.org)
  • 2017). 'Salivary sCD14 as a potential biomarker of dental caries activity in adults', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju , 68(4), str. (srce.hr)
  • Prester Lj, Protrka N, Macan J, Katunarić M. Salivary sCD14 as a potential biomarker of dental caries activity in adults. (srce.hr)
  • Prester, N. Protrka, J. Macan i M. Katunarić, "Salivary sCD14 as a potential biomarker of dental caries activity in adults", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju , vol.68, br. (srce.hr)
  • The results of the studies concerning correlation between serum or salivary immunoglobulin level and caries advancement are equivocal. (termedia.pl)
  • Oral hygiene procedures are effective in controlling dental caries, especially if plaque removal is performed adequately and associated with fluoride. (scielo.br)
  • The prevalence of dental caries and supragingival plaque and calculus in 785 secondary schools students was assessed. (hindawi.com)
  • The researchers believe this is due to plaque accumulation and impaired saliva flow as a result from the dental braces. (umu.se)
  • The most important one is that orthodontic appliances especially the brackets and the ligation mode create new retention areas in addition to blocking plaque-removing shear forces arising from fluid flow and masticatory loads with a resultant undesired effect of accumulation of dental plaque. (intechopen.com)
  • Researchers from the Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry in Japan previously demonstrated that oolong tea extract, when added to drinking water, reduced plaque accumulation and inhibited the development of experimental dental caries in rats. (preparedfoods.com)
  • We concluded that drinking oolong tea is a useful means of inhibiting dental plaque formation," they wrote. (preparedfoods.com)
  • Main elements of caries prevention comprise mechanical dental plaque removal by means of effective brushing, as well as limitation of daily sugar intake. (termedia.pl)
  • A Chinese tea may hold the key to preventing the build up of damaging dental plaque. (dentistry.co.uk)
  • Your dental hygienist or dentist can help you select the best toothbrush for plaque removal. (colgate.com)
  • The use of an ADA-approved toothpaste containing fluoride is also a great way to prevent dental caries, as the fluoride in the toothpaste provides a protective coating that neutralizes the acid attack caused by plaque. (colgate.com)
  • Many young children are at risk for caries, which is the most common chronic disease of childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • Although dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, 1 it is declining in the general population. (aappublications.org)
  • But for the first time, a new study suggests chronic stress in pregnancy may increase a child's risk for dental caries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers say chronic stress during pregnancy may increase a child's risk for dental caries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Prevention and treatment of dental caries are related to behavioral factors, including dietary and oral hygiene habits, which are related to many chronic diseases. (scielo.br)
  • Dental caries remains the most common chronic disease of children ages 6 to 11 years and adolescents ages 12 to 19 years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (ada.org)
  • Dental caries, pulpal caries, and chronic apical periodontitis are associated positively, while restorations are associated inversely, with aortic atherosclerotic burden. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Dental caries, the most chronic disease affecting mankind, has been in the limelight with regard to its prevention and treatment. (dovepress.com)
  • Identifying common oral health problems, chronic conditions, and physical/ motor disorders is key to ensuring successful dental appointments for mature patients. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • The main question addressed by this review is how effective the use of fluoride varnish for the prevention of caries in children and adolescents is compared to placebo (a treatment without the active ingredient i.e. fluoride) or no treatment. (cochrane.org)
  • Awareness, access to care, early intervention and fluoride varnish care will reduce the incidence of new caries cases in the United States. (colgate.com)
  • The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland, and children were randomly assigned by a clinical trials unit (CTU) (using computer-generated random numbers, with allocation concealed from the dental practice until each child was recruited) to the intervention (22,600-ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized, evidence-based prevention advice) or advice-only control at 6-monthly intervals. (nih.gov)
  • The strength of the evidence for the efficacy of fluoride varnish for prevention of dental caries in high-risk subjects was fair, and the evidence for all other methods was incomplete. (rti.org)
  • And, fluoride varnish has also been founds to reduce the instances of dental problems. (glacialenergy.com)
  • Many children under long term LOM therapy for treatment of epilepsy may be susceptible to dental caries. (carifree.com)
  • Se trata de un curso básico sobre el tratamiento de la caries dental para controlar su progresión. (coursera.org)
  • El tratamiento de la caries comprende la restauración dental con selladores y composites dentales, la mayoría con bisfenol A (BPA). (isciii.es)
  • b) el tratamiento de la caries con epoxirresinas conlleva riesgo de exposición oral a monómeros plásticos. (isciii.es)
  • Pupils with less than 4 FS had a higher risk of developing caries in their permanent dentition compared to peers with 4 FS (OR 4.36). (carifree.com)
  • Early application and sealing of all 4 molars can optimize the prevention of caries in the permanent dentition. (carifree.com)
  • The prevalence of dental fluorosis was 45% in the 1.1 ppm fluoride area and 21% in the 0.3 ppm fluoride area. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Who Study of Dental Caries Etiology in Papua New Guinea: R.g. (powells.com)
  • The etiology of dental caries is a subject of controversy. (westonaprice.org)
  • Professional and individual measures, including the use of fluoride mouth rinses, gels, dentifrices, and dietary supplements and the application of dental sealants, are additional means of preventing dental caries. (fda.gov)
  • to relate consumption of breakfast components and oral hygiene habits to dental caries and determine the presence of sealants/composites as potential sources of BPA exposure. (isciii.es)
  • Influence of Fissure Sealants on Dental Health of Elementary School Children in Weimar - A Longitudinal Observational Study under Real-life Conditions]. (carifree.com)
  • Procter & Gamble is delighted to have created these courses in conjunction with ADEA, enabling high quality educational experiences and an up-to-date understanding of both the science and its relevance to clinical dental practice. (dentalcare.com)
  • Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Epidemiology - This course gives an emphasis on the relevancy of oral epidemiology to clinical practice and presents trends in prevalence and incidence of caries in both the U.S. and world populations. (dentalcare.com)
  • Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice 5: 170-171. (fluoridealert.org)
  • In the meantime, some of the most traditional practices for dental caries prevention remain the most reliable, said Matthew Messina, DDS, spokesperson for the ADA and a private practice dentist based in Fairview Park, OH. (preparedfoods.com)
  • A dentist, Dr V, was working in an NHS dental practice and one of his patients was an eight- year-old girl. (dentalprotection.org)
  • Award-winning Dental Isolation Technology: No dental practice should be without IT! (cda-adc.ca)
  • In celebration of our Isodry® dental isolation system being named a winner of the 2013 Pride Institute Best of Class Technology Award, we're offering 21 days of special package pricing so that you can bring state-of-the-art dental isolation to every operatory and distinguish your practice as a leader in dental care. (cda-adc.ca)
  • After many years of trying to implement caries prevention strategies in my practice it is refreshing to have a system that has all the tools required right out of the box. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • Dental Caries: Principles and Management is intended for dental school students, practicing dentists, and researchers in dentistry. (ebooks.com)
  • Dentistry.AI integrates seamlessly with all popular x-ray sensors and imaging software used in dental clinics. (prweb.com)
  • Test results demonstrate that Dentistry.AI performs significantly better than human vision of trained dentists in identifying caries on dental x-rays. (prweb.com)
  • Dentistry.AI helps dentists by instantly highlighting areas on dental x-rays that have a high probability of caries so that dentists can focus on examining these areas more closely. (prweb.com)
  • McDonald RE, Avery DR. Dental caries in child and adolescent: Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent Mosby Seventh Edition 2000: 209-46. (springer.com)
  • Dental Caries and Quality of Life Among Preschool Children, Emerging Trends in Oral Health Sciences and Dentistry Mandeep Virdi, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/59515. (intechopen.com)
  • There are many important factors which are the driving forces behind the growth of Dental Imaging market such as advanced technological tools, growing demand for dental practices and rising dental expenditure, rising need for cosmetic dentistry and the drastic increase in dental caries and other periodontal diseases. (prnewswire.com)
  • The second edition provides the reader with a peerless guide to dental caries and a balanced, though often provoking, debate on the science of cariology and its place in modern dentistry. (valorebooks.com)
  • Bioactive polyphenol components of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) are known to have virulence attenuating effects against several cariogenic virulence properties responsible for dental caries pathogenesis. (cranberryinstitute.org)
  • In addition to monitoring the incidence of dental caries among offspring, the researchers assessed mothers' socioeconomic status, the number of child dental visits, whether mothers breastfed their offspring and whether offspring ate breakfast daily, among other care-related behaviors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • While previous studies have linked low socioeconomic status with increased risk of dental caries among offspring, the researchers say their study is the first to identify stress as a driver of this association. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Severe fluorosis was associated with a 200% increased odds of having dental caries after controlling for age, gender, socioeconomic status, and area of residence. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Because fluoride is available in many sources, including food and tap water, and may be administered at home and professionally applied, pediatricians should be aware of the risks and benefits of various fluoride modalities to appropriately advise families to achieve maximum protection against dental caries, and to help counsel patients about proper oral health. (aap.org)
  • Anyone of any age is susceptible to rampant caries, but luckily there are treatments that can restore your oral health. (colgate.com)
  • Welcome to the inaugural message of Preventing Dental Caries and Obesity in Children (PDCOC) News, an e-mail service from the National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center to announce news and resources and connect the oral health and obesity-prevention communities. (campaign-archive.com)
  • Over 125 leaders from academia, professional associations and societies, coalitions, government agencies, the dental insurance industry, the dental trade industry, philanthropic organizations, and community programs met to discuss evidence-based recommendations and strategies that oral health professionals, oral-health- related organizations, and others can employ to prevent childhood obesity. (campaign-archive.com)
  • S. Thorpe, "Oral health issues in the African region: current situation and future perspectives," Journal of Dental Education , vol. 70, supplement, pp. 8-15, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • A. J. Mwakatobe and E. G. S. Mumghamba, "Oral health behavior and prevalence of dental caries in Dar-es-Salaam," Tanzania Dental Journal , vol. 14, pp. 1-7, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • We investigated the oral health practices and prevalence of dental caries among Libyan pupils [‎6-12 years]‎, by studying 389 boys and 373 girls selected randomly from 11 public primary schools in three different residential areas indicating different socioeconomic levels. (who.int)
  • National Children's Dental Health Month has become the symbol of what can happen when thousands of dedicated dental professionals, health care providers and educators come together to help bring awareness to the importance of oral health care," said Dr. Cesar R. Sabates, chair of the ADA Council on Access, Prevention and Interprofessional Relations, which overseas the annual observance. (ada.org)
  • They do a wonderful job of public education," said Mrs. Walsh, adding that, "Many of us in the dental community know how important good oral health care is, but not everyone knows. (ada.org)
  • You can help the ADA to celebrate the 75th anniversary of National Children's Dental Health Month by sharing facts and tips about good oral health and nutrition habits. (ada.org)
  • The findings of this study suggest that dental fluorosis, a marker for systemic fluoride exposure, might be detrimental to oral health. (fluoridealert.org)
  • We used North Carolina Medicaid claims (1999-2006) linked to state oral health surveillance data to compare caries experience for kindergarten students (2005-2006) who had a visit before age 60 months (n = 11 394) to derive overall exposure effects from a zero-inflated negative binomial regression model. (rti.org)
  • Frecken JE, Sithole WD, Mwaenga R, Htoon HM, Simon E. National Oral Health Survey Zimbabwe 1995: dental caries situation. (springer.com)
  • An oral health promotion for nursing caries. (springer.com)
  • Oral health is an essential component of wellbeing, and dental emergencies may pose a big challenge to volunteers in developing countries. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • Objectives: Despite great achievements in oral health, dental caries remains prevalent among children in many parts of the world (McGrath et al. (umich.edu)
  • The findings of a new systematic review by the Cochrane Oral Health Group suggest that people given antibiotics before having dental implants placed have a reduced risk of implant failure. (cda-adc.ca)
  • Despite an ill-advised fashion for eliminating carbohydrates from the diet, a carbohydrate-rich diet is shown to be fine for oral health so long as it is low in sugars and is based on wholegrain varieties of carbs such as pasta, couscous and wholemeal bread," said lead researcher Dr Paula Moynihan, Professor of Nutrition and Oral Health at Newcastle University's School of Dental Sciences. (dental-tribune.com)
  • The paper, titled "Effects of starch on oral health: Systematic review to inform WHO guideline", was published online in the Journal of Dental Research on 3 August 2018 ahead of inclusion in an issue. (dental-tribune.com)
  • The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has been an important source of information on oral health and dental care in the United States since the early 1970s. (nih.gov)
  • The Journal of Oral Health and Dental Management is an academic journal - hosted by OMICS International - a pioneer in open access publishing-and is listed among the top 10 journals in dental caries. (omicsonline.org)
  • Journal of Oral Health and Dental Management provides a unique platform to researchers and scientist to explore the advanced and latest research developments in the field of dental caries, thus bridging the gap between researchers and young scientists. (omicsonline.org)
  • As dental professionals, we should be vigilant during these times to ensure that the effects of the pandemic do not detrimentally affect the oral health of our patients. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Screening for dental caries before school entry could lead to interventions to treat existing caries at an earlier stage and prevent future caries. (aappublications.org)
  • The review shows the relationship between dental erosion and caries in children and adults. (ipl.org)
  • To avoid dental caries brush atleat twice a day. (hubpages.com)
  • There are many dental health aids available that can help you avoid dental caries. (colgate.com)
  • The USPSTF found no validated risk-assessment tools or algorithms for assessing dental disease risk by primary care clinicians, and little evidence on the accuracy of primary care clinicians in performing oral examinations or assessing dental caries risk. (aappublications.org)
  • Using this information, populations at risk for caries can be identified. (colgate.com)
  • By using income and percentage of the population above poverty level, risk assessments can be made for the various socioeconomic groups within the population - the closer to the poverty line the child's family, the higher the child's risk is for caries. (colgate.com)
  • Specifically, lower levels are associated with increased risk of caries in infants. (aappublications.org)
  • Caries Process and Prevention Strategies : Risk Assessment - This course covers methods for assessing a patient's risk for developing dental caries and provides a risk protocol for clinical adoption. (dentalcare.com)
  • The prevention of dental caries based on common risk-factor strategies (diet and hygiene) should be supplemented by more disease-specific policies such as rational use of fluoride, and evidence-based dental health care. (scielo.br)
  • In this article we discuss health promotion related to dental caries, and the need to apply a common risk approach to prevention. (scielo.br)
  • On June 16, 2006, the FDA received a notification (the June 16 notification) from the law firm of Covington and Burling regarding a health claim for the relationship between fluoridated water and a reduced risk of dental caries. (fda.gov)
  • NEWS Researchers at Umeå University have made a novel discovery connecting genetic innate immunity deficiencies to rampant caries and increased risk of dental caries affecting about one in five children. (umu.se)
  • The results could lead to a better way of identifying high-risk patients and treat their caries. (umu.se)
  • One in five children in Sweden is considered a high-risk individual when it comes to the risk of developing dental caries. (umu.se)
  • These high-risk individuals do not respond to traditional caries prevention or treatment, and bio markers cannot predict future risk of caries in the group. (umu.se)
  • At a five-year follow-up, the researchers could see how caries had developed in the various risk groupings. (umu.se)
  • The results showed that children with high susceptibility or risk for caries had defective proteins in their saliva. (umu.se)
  • According to the researchers, the defective proteins probably fail to mediate the same innate and adaptive immunity responses that serve to protect individuals with small-to-moderate caries risk from the oral bacterial flora. (umu.se)
  • The researchers describe how allelic variation in PRH1 and PRH2 , encoding acidic proline-rich proteins, separate children into different caries susceptibility or risk groupings. (umu.se)
  • As expected, children with a low-to-moderate susceptibility or risk for caries along with a genetically intact set of proteins were found to develop caries from bad eating and oral hygiene routines and S. mutans -infection. (umu.se)
  • Accordingly, when children were treated with dental braces the high risk children exclusively developed several times more caries after 5 years. (umu.se)
  • The oral hygiene status appears to be a risk factor for rampant caries in these children. (springer.com)
  • and b) dental caries treatment with epoxy-resins entails a risk of oral exposure to monomers migrating from the polymeric material. (isciii.es)
  • further research is required to elucidate the role of diet in caries and the associated risk of exposure to estrogenic xenobiotics such as BPA. (isciii.es)
  • Prediction of high-risk individuals and the multi-risk approach are common inquiries in caries risk epidemiology. (mdpi.com)
  • [ 7 ] Dietary habits and the risk of caries in children may also be confounded by maternal educational level. (medscape.com)
  • The elderly have many nutritional deficiencies resulting in a high caries risk. (avroarrow.org)
  • A recent study finds children who suffer from Epilepsy and take liquid oral medication long-term are at higher risk for dental caries. (carifree.com)
  • Using a Caries Risk Assessment form that asks the question about medication use and 'other health issues' could help identify these children and allow an opportunity to provide protective intervention and or offer parents suggestions on how to neutralize the mouth after taking medication each day. (carifree.com)
  • Children on LOM were at increased risk of dental caries than those with other forms of medications (OR: 2.55, 95% CI (2.37-4.15) p=0.000, HS). (carifree.com)
  • Long term use of liquid medicines containing sucrose is a risk factor for dental caries among children with epilepsy. (carifree.com)
  • New advances such as CariFree and CaMBRA, Caries Management By Risk Assessment, provide dental professionals with improved diagnostic and treatment pathways. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • We screen all new patients as part of the new patient exam and anyone whose circumstances change toward greater risk of caries. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • Its better to diagnose caries risk BEFORE the damage occurs! (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • Long term treatment planning is a lot easier knowing which of our patients are at high risk for caries. (medicalsearch.com.au)
  • Is medication a risk factor for dental caries among older people? (wiley.com)
  • This increases risk for dental caries. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • A caries risk assessment will help determine risk level, and includes assessment for other risk factors. (colgateprofessional.com)
  • Understanding condition-specific caries risk factors can help clinicians identify successful prevention strategies. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
  • In a new clinical report by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) " Fluoride Use in Caries Prevention in the Primary Care Setting, " published online Aug. 25 in the September 2014 Pediatrics, the AAP states that fluoride is effective for cavity prevention in children. (aap.org)
  • While waiting for your dental appointment, home remedies and over-the-counter medications provide temporary cavity pain relief. (colgate.com)
  • The dental material can be a dental varnish or a material such as a dental cement and the like, which remains in the oral cavity for a long period and from which the active combination can diffuse out. (google.es)
  • The dentist will apply Papacarie® to dental cavity in order to soften the carious dentine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It is not uncommon to see patients to go through their lives without ever having a dental cavity. (colgate.com)
  • A public health assessment was conducted that showed high rates of caries and a frequent need for full mouth dental reconstructions (FMDRs) b . (cdc.gov)
  • Through an extensive literature review, researchers determined the effectiveness rates (minimum and maximum) and the current and ideal coverage levels for each intervention (6).These data may aid public health officials and primary dental care providers to choose those interventions likely to have the greatest impact in reducing rates of dental caries in this population. (cdc.gov)
  • For instance Water Fluoridation's cost benefit of preventing dental caries in Alaska native children (6months- 5 years) saved the health care system $1,335. (cdc.gov)
  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys are performed by the government every several years and track the caries rate in the United States. (colgate.com)
  • Dr. Wael Sabbah, of the Dental Institute at King's College London in the UK, and colleagues publish their findings in the American Journal of Public Health . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Dental health promotion therefore should be fully integrated into broadly based health-promoting strategies and actions such as food and health policies, and general hygiene (including oral hygiene), among others. (scielo.br)
  • Dental health promotion should be fully integrated into broadly based health-promoting strategies and actions. (scielo.br)
  • According to figures published by the World Health Organisation (WHO), dental health is still a major problem in the industrialised nations. (medic8.com)
  • National Children's Dental Health Month in February will turn 75. (ada.org)
  • Each year, local observances of the month often include poster displays, coloring and essay contests, health fairs, free dental screenings, museum exhibits, classroom presentations and dental office tours. (ada.org)
  • The ADA Foundation provided some of the funding for National Children's Dental Health Month activities. (ada.org)
  • More research is needed to determine, among other things, how to best isolate the polyphenols from acidic vehicles such as juice, or even tea with sugar, which would clearly be counterproductive to improving dental health. (preparedfoods.com)
  • From a nutritional perspective, an effective approach should still focus on avoiding the sugary foods and beverages that are well-known to compromise dental health, Dr. Messina added. (preparedfoods.com)
  • The treatment of dental caries is expensive for govern-ments of both developed and developing countries and costs between 5 and 10% of total health care expenditures in industrialised countries exceeding the cost of treating cardiovascular disease, cancer and osteoporosis1. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • 7/08/2013 · Thanks a lot for your great post.it is informative post for health care.This post give me more new information about dental problem solve tip's.i like this post. (themediaconsortium.com)
  • Healthy habits lead to good dental health for your child. (urbanmommies.com)
  • Although declining in prevalence, dental caries in the United States remains a significant health problem. (nap.edu)
  • 1987). The estimated costs of dental care in the United States amounted to $25.1 billion in 1984, or 6.5% of total health care costs (Levit et al. (nap.edu)
  • A review commissioned by the World Health Organization has found an association between a diet high in processed carbohydrates, such as those found in white bread, and dental caries. (dental-tribune.com)
  • Dental caries, both treated and untreated, in all adolescents age 12 to 19 declined from the early 1970s until the most recent (1999-2004) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (nih.gov)
  • These are especially important because they can estabish a link between the child's medical and dental health and can be a point of communication between physicians and dentists. (abebooks.com)
  • Fluoride salts are often added to municipal drinking water (as well as to certain food products in some countries) for the purpose of maintaining dental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rampant Caries: What Are They? (colgate.com)
  • Also the odds of having rampant caries increasing almost 4 fold with every score increase in oral hygiene status. (springer.com)
  • Rampant caries prevalence and role of oral cleanliness in its aetiology in the deciduous dentition of 4 and 5 years-old Ibadan children attending private schools. (springer.com)
  • The primary treatment of caries that has entered dentin is removal by drilling, followed by filling of the resultant defect. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Despite research over many decades and numerous attempts to achieve prophylactic and therapeutic treatment of caries and paradentitis, they remain an unmastered problem. (google.es)
  • After this time, it is mainly a question of the local application of active substances for the prophylactic and therapeutic treatment of caries and paradentitis. (google.es)
  • Yengopal V, Harnekar S, Patel N, Siegfried N. Dental fillings for the treatment of caries in the primary dentition. (cochrane.org)
  • An intra-oral examination was conducted to assess dental caries (dmft) and oral hygiene status. (springer.com)
  • This technique permits visualization of proximal caries as a shadow on the occlusal surface with the use of transillumination. (dentalproductshopper.com)
  • The general comment of the authors is that supplying an adequate oral hygiene has the main role in prevention of demineralization-caries during orthodontic treatment. (intechopen.com)
  • In April 2008, the Arctic Investigations Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC-AIP) was informed of high rates of dental caries among Alaska Native (AN) children residing in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta (YKD) region of Alaska. (cdc.gov)
  • 5 years of age for the prevention of dental disease (I recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • Dental caries continues to be a costly and prevalent oral disease. (nih.gov)
  • Research efforts towards developing a well tolerated and effective vaccine against dental caries were initiated following the demonstration of a specific bacterial aetiology for this disease. (nih.gov)
  • Dental Caries and Systematic Disease. (ebooks.com)
  • Caries Process and Prevention Strategies: The Agent - This course introduces the student to the caries process and the multi-factorial nature of the disease. (dentalcare.com)
  • 4 These disease-specific strategies directed to dental caries prevention will be further analyzed. (scielo.br)
  • We determined the association between timing of a first dentist office visit before age 5 years and dental disease in kindergarten. (rti.org)
  • When resistance is low, the host becomes susceptible to disease, any disease and caries is no exception. (avroarrow.org)
  • Opening the Conversation: Is Dental Caries an Infectious Disease? (cda-adc.ca)
  • Dental caries may be properly considered as a disease of childhood, susceptibility at this age period being almost universal. (westonaprice.org)
  • Since arrest of caries was not noted in children with any other disease or condition and since it is not dependent on diabetes, it appears that it must depend on some factor in diabetic management. (westonaprice.org)
  • Dental Caries: the Disease and its Clinical Management brings together contributions from many scientific and clinical experts under the aegis of the editorial team, developing the core concepts of the book further in the direction of clinical research methodology, epidemiology, clinical cariology and microbiology. (valorebooks.com)
  • BOOK JACKET.Kidd, Edwina is the author of 'Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management', published 2008 under ISBN 9781405138895 and ISBN 1405138890. (valorebooks.com)
  • While they're typically not life-threatening, caries are a disease and one that is now said to be communicable so family members can transmit this disease to one another through sharing spoons. (glacialenergy.com)
  • Professional clinical management of caries has been very successful in cases of different severities of disease manifestations. (dovepress.com)
  • Xylitol, a five-carbon sugar polyol, has been found to be promising in reducing dental caries disease and also reversing the process of early caries. (dovepress.com)
  • With consistent dental visits, good oral hygiene habits and a healthy diet, you may be able to go your entire life without encountering the most common oral disease ever faced by man. (colgate.com)
  • Dental caries cannot develop without the presence of dietary fermentable carbohydrates, in particular sugar. (nih.gov)
  • Longitudinal measurements of caries increments combined with multiple dietary histories are needed to clarity the association between caries and eating habits. (sciencemag.org)
  • Many years of research have established that dietary factors are directly related to dental caries and erosion. (medscape.com)
  • Dietary concerns become a factor when discussing dental caries. (avroarrow.org)
  • 3 - 5 Approximately three-quarters of children with caries have not received treatment. (aappublications.org)
  • Saliva and Dental Caries. (ebooks.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine whether soluble CD14 (sCD14) in saliva was associated with caries activity and the collection method from the saliva. (srce.hr)
  • What is more, they found incidence of dental caries among offspring was more common among those who were not breastfed, and lower incidence of breastfeeding was significantly more common among mothers with lower income. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • [ 10 ] Evidence also shows that sport drinks may be increasing the incidence of dental erosion, which can precede caries in both child and adult athletes. (medscape.com)
  • The perception that dental caries is generally on the decline has come with greater public awareness, fluoridation of many states' water supply, fluoride toothpaste and use of fluoride varnishes in dental practices. (colgate.com)
  • Feeding practices of Greek children with and without nursing caries. (springer.com)
  • Investigators use questionnaire surveys to evaluate treatment philosophies in dental practices. (carifree.com)
  • Caries also occurs in adults, and its incidence appears to increase with age. (medscape.com)
  • Thanks to these medical advancements, dental caries have dramatically been reduced in children and adults. (colgate.com)
  • In adults, degenerative changes to the pubic symphysis, the auricular surface of the ilium, the sternal end of the 4th rib, and dental attrition are commonly used to estimate skeletal age. (wikipedia.org)