Dental Caries Activity Tests
Pit and Fissure Sealants
Dental Care for Children
Dental Restoration, Permanent
Health Education, Dental
Dental Health Surveys
Dental Care for Chronically Ill
Dental Care for Aged
Oral Hygiene Index
Dental Care for Disabled
General Practice, Dental
Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
Dental Pulp Diseases
Education, Dental, Continuing
Dental Enamel Hypoplasia
Dental Devices, Home Care
Group Practice, Dental
Education, Dental, Graduate
Radiography, Dental, Digital
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Dental Restoration Repair
Practice Management, Dental
Dental Cavity Preparation
Comprehensive Dental Care
Infection Control, Dental
Dental Pulp Exposure
Mobile Health Units
Immunoglobulin A, Secretory
Public Health Dentistry
Colony Count, Microbial
The identification of agreed criteria for referral following the dental inspection of children in the school setting. (1/1744)AIM: To clarify the function of the school based dental inspection. OBJECTIVE: For representatives of the Community Dental Service, General Dental Service and Hospital Dental Service to identify an agreed set of criteria for the referral of children following school dental inspection. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology used to establish a consensus for the inclusion of referral criteria following dental screening. SETTING: Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England. MATERIALS: A Delphi technique was used to establish a consensus amongst the study participants on the inclusion of nine possible criteria for referral following dental screening. All participants scored each criterion in the range 1-9, with a score of 1 indicating that referral of individuals with the condition should definitely not take place, and a score of 9 indicating referral should definitely take place. Referral criteria were accepted only if they achieved a group median score of 7 or more, with an interquartile range of three scale points, with the lower value being no less than 7. RESULTS: Four of the nine possible criteria met the agreed group standard for inclusion: 'Sepsis', 'Caries in the secondary dentition', 'Overjet > 10 mm', and 'Registered & caries in the permanent dentition'. CONCLUSION: It is possible to agree clear criteria for the referral of children following the school dental inspection. (+info)
Purification and properties of bacteriolytic enzymes from Bacillus licheniformis YS-1005 against Streptococcus mutans. (2/1744)To find a novel lytic enzyme against cariogenic Streptococci, strains showing strong lytic activity have been screened from soil using Streptococcus mutans. A strain identified as Bacillus licheniformis secreted two kinds of lytic enzymes, which were purified by methanol precipitation, CM-cellulose chromatography, gel filtration, and hydroxyapatite chromatography. The molecular weights of these two enzymes, L27 and L45, were 27,000 and 45,000, respectively. Optimum pH and temperature of both enzymes for lytic activity were pH 8 and 37 degrees C. L27 and L45 digest the peptide linkage between L-Ala and D-Glu in peptidoglycan of Streptococcus mutans. The lytic activity was highly specific for Streptococcus mutans, suggesting their potential use as a dental care product. (+info)
Regulated expression of the Streptococcus mutans dlt genes correlates with intracellular polysaccharide accumulation. (3/1744)Intracellular polysaccharides (IPS) are glycogen-like storage polymers which contribute significantly to Streptococcus mutans-induced cariogenesis. We previously identified and cloned a locus from the S. mutans chromosome which is required for the accumulation of IPS. Sequencing of this locus revealed at least four contiguous open reading frames, all of which are preceded by a common promoter region and are transcribed in the same direction. Analysis of the amino acid sequence deduced from the first of these open reading frames (ORF1) revealed domains which are highly conserved among D-alanine-activating enzymes (DltA) in Lactobacillus rhamnosus (formerly Lactobacillus casei) and Bacillus subtilis. The deduced amino acid sequences derived from ORF2, -3, and -4 also exhibit extensive similarity to DltB, -C, and -D, respectively, in these microorganisms. However, Southern hybridization experiments indicate that this operon maps to a locus on the S. mutans chromosome which is separate from the glgP, glgA, and glgD genes, whose products are known mediators of bacterial IPS accumulation. We therefore assigned a new dlt designation to the locus which we had formerly called glg. We maintain that the dlt genes are involved in S. mutans IPS accumulation, however, since they complement a mutation in trans which otherwise renders S. mutans IPS deficient. In this study, we found that expression of the S. mutans dlt genes is growth phase dependent and is modulated by carbohydrates internalized via the phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system (PTS). We demonstrated that the S. mutans dlt genes are expressed constitutively when non-PTS sugars are provided as the sole source of carbohydrate. Consistent with a role for the PTS in dlt expression is a similar constitutive expression of the dlt genes in an S. mutans PTS mutant grown in a chemically defined medium supplemented with glucose. In summary, these findings support a novel role for the dlt gene products in S. mutans IPS accumulation and suggest that dlt expression in this oral pathogen is subject to complex mechanisms of control imposed by growth phase, dietary carbohydrate, and other factors present in the plaque environment. (+info)
Interactions of Streptococcus mutans fimbria-associated surface proteins with salivary components. (4/1744)Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as the major causative agent of human dental caries. S. mutans binds to saliva-coated tooth surfaces, and previous studies suggested that fimbriae may play a role in the initial bacterial adherence to salivary components. The objectives of this study were to establish the ability of an S. mutans fimbria preparation to bind to saliva-coated surfaces and determine the specific salivary components that facilitate binding with fimbriae. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) established that the S. mutans fimbria preparation bound to components of whole saliva. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot techniques were used to separate components of whole saliva and determine fimbria binding. SDS-PAGE separated 15 major protein bands from saliva samples, and Western blot analysis indicated significant binding of the S. mutans fimbria preparation to a 52-kDa salivary protein. The major fimbria-binding salivary protein was isolated by preparative electrophoresis. The ability of the S. mutans fimbria preparation to bind to the purified salivary protein was confirmed by Western blot analysis and ELISA. Incubation of the purified salivary protein with the S. mutans fimbria preparation significantly neutralized binding of the salivary protein-fimbria complex to saliva-coated surfaces. The salivary protein, whole saliva, and commercial amylase reacted similarly with antiamylase antibody in immunoblots. A purified 65-kDa fimbrial protein was demonstrated to bind to both saliva and amylase. These data indicated that the S. mutans fimbria preparation and a purified fimbrial protein bound to whole-saliva-coated surfaces and that amylase is the major salivary component involved in the binding. (+info)
Intranasal immunization against dental caries with a Streptococcus mutans-enriched fimbrial preparation. (5/1744)Streptococcus mutans has been identified as the major etiological agent of human dental caries. The first step in the initiation of infection by this pathogenic bacterium is its attachment (i.e., through bacterial surface proteins such as glucosyltransferases, P1, glucan-binding proteins, and fimbriae) to a suitable receptor. It is hypothesized that a mucosal vaccine against a combination of S. mutans surface proteins would protect against dental caries by inducing specific salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies which may reduce bacterial pathogenesis and adhesion to the tooth surface by affecting several adhesins simultaneously. Conventional Sprague-Dawley rats, infected with S. mutans at 18 to 20 days of age, were intranasally immunized with a mixture of S. mutans surface proteins, enriched for fimbriae and conjugated with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) plus free cholera toxin (CT) at 13, 15, 22, 29, and 36 days of age (group A). Control rats were either not immunized (group B) or immunized with adjuvant alone (CTB and CT [group C]). At the termination of the study (when rats were 46 days of age), immunized animals (group A) had significantly (P < 0.05) higher salivary IgA and serum IgG antibody responses to the mixture of surface proteins and to whole bacterial cells than did the other two groups (B and C). No significant differences were found in the average numbers of recovered S. mutans cells among groups. However, statistically fewer smooth-surface enamel lesions (buccal and lingual) were detected in the immunized group than in the two other groups. Therefore, a mixture of S. mutans surface proteins, enriched with fimbria components, appears to be a promising immunogen candidate for a mucosal vaccine against dental caries. (+info)
Inhibitory effect of a self-derived peptide on glucosyltransferase of Streptococcus mutans. Possible novel anticaries measures. (6/1744)Glucosyltransferase (GTF) plays an important role in the development of dental caries. We examined the possible presence of self-inhibitory segments within the enzyme molecule for the purpose of developing anticaries measures through GTF inhibition. Twenty-two synthetic peptides derived from various regions presumably responsible for insoluble-glucan synthesis were studied with respect to their effects on catalytic activity. One of them, which is identical in amino acid sequence to residues 1176-1194, significantly and specifically inhibited both sucrose hydrolysis and glucosyl transfer to glucan by GTF-I. Double-reciprocal analysis revealed that the inhibition is noncompetitive. Scramble peptides, composed of the identical amino acids in randomized sequence, had no effect on GTF-I activity. Furthermore, the peptide is tightly bound to the enzyme once complexed, even in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Kinetic analysis using an optical evanescent resonant mirror cuvette system demonstrated that the enzyme-peptide interaction was biphasic. These results indicate that the peptide directly interacts with the enzyme with high affinity and inhibits its activity in a sequence-specific manner. This peptide itself could possibly be an effective agent for prevention of dental caries, although its effectiveness may be improved by further modification. (+info)
The effect of water fluoridation and social inequalities on dental caries in 5-year-old children. (7/1744)BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that water fluoridation dramatically reduces dental caries, but the effect that water fluoridation has upon reducing dental health inequalities is less clear. The aim of this study is to describe the effect that water fluoridation has upon the association between material deprivation and dental caries experience in 5-year-old children. METHODS: It is an ecological descriptive study of dental caries experience using previously obtained data from the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry's biennial surveys of 5-year-old children. This study examined the following data from seven fluoridated districts and seven comparable non-fluoridated districts in England: 1) dental caries experience using the dmft (decayed, missing, filled teeth) index; 2) the Townsend Deprivation Index of the electoral ward in which the child lived; 3) whether fluoride was present at an optimal concentration in the drinking water or not. RESULTS: A statistically significant interaction was observed between material deprivation (measured by the Townsend Deprivation Index) and water fluoridation (P < 0.001). This means that the social class gradient between material deprivation and dental caries experience is much flatter in fluoridated areas. CONCLUSION: Water fluoridation reduces dental caries experience more in materially deprived wards than in affluent wards and the introduction of water fluoridation would substantially reduce inequalities in dental health. (+info)
Polymicrobial etiology of dental caries. (8/1744)The present study was carried out to establish the normal bacterial oral flora and the aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora from deep seated dental caries, and to determine the antimicrobial sensitivity of the clinical isolates so obtained Streptococcus mutans (48%) and Streptococcus sanguis (20%) were the main aerobic isolates whereas Lactobacillus spp. (52%), Veillonella spp. (24%) and Actinomyces spp. (12%) were the major anaerobic isolates. Hundred percent of the samples from dental caries yielded polymicrobial isolates while in two samples from healthy individuals S. mutans was the sole isolate. As the flora changed from healthy tooth to dental caries it changed from one predominated by anaerobic gram-positive cocci to anaerobic gram-positive bacilli. All the anaerobes isolated were sensitive to metronidazole and cefotaxime, whereas all the isolated streptococci were sensitive to penicillin, erythromycin and clindamycin. Incorporation of the antibiotics in baseline restoration, if technically feasible, has been advocated. (+info)
Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.
To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.
Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.
Prevention includes regular dental check-ups, good oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing, a balanced diet, avoiding sugary snacks and drinks, and quitting smoking. Treatment options may include fillings, crowns, root canals, and extractions.
Root caries is different from other types of tooth decay, such as coronal caries, which affects the crown or enamel of the tooth. It requires specialized dental care and attention to prevent and treat effectively.
Plaque is a key risk factor for dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. In addition, research suggests that there may be a link between oral bacteria and certain systemic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, is essential to prevent the accumulation of plaque and promote overall health.
There are two types of fluorosis:
1. Mild fluorosis: This type is characterized by white or brown spots or streaks on the surface of the teeth.
2. Severe fluorosis: This type is characterized by pitting or roughening of the tooth enamel, which can lead to cavities or structural weakness in the teeth.
Fluorosis is typically diagnosed through a visual examination of the teeth. In some cases, X-rays may be used to assess the severity of the condition. There is no specific treatment for fluorosis, but there are ways to manage its symptoms. For mild cases, regular cleaning and polishing of the teeth can help remove any stains or discoloration. In severe cases, dental fillings or crowns may be necessary to restore the damaged teeth.
Preventing fluorosis is much easier than treating it, so it's important to take steps to limit your child's exposure to excessive amounts of fluoride. This includes:
* Using fluoride toothpaste in appropriate amounts (a pea-sized amount for children under 3 years old and a portion the size of a grain of rice for children 3-6 years old)
* Limiting the consumption of fluoridated drinks, such as bottled water or formula, especially for infants
* Using a fluoride-free toothpaste for children under 3 years old
* Monitoring your child's fluoride intake and consulting with your dentist or healthcare provider if you have concerns.
There are several types of tooth loss, including:
1. Anterior tooth loss: This occurs when one or more front teeth are missing.
2. Posterior tooth loss: This occurs when one or more back teeth are missing.
3. Bilateral tooth loss: This occurs when there is a loss of teeth on both sides of the dental arch.
4. Unilateral tooth loss: This occurs when there is a loss of teeth on one side of the dental arch.
5. Complete tooth loss: This occurs when all teeth are missing from the dental arch.
6. Partial tooth loss: This occurs when only some teeth are missing from the dental arch.
Tooth loss can cause various problems such as difficulty chewing and biting food, speech difficulties, and changes in the appearance of the face and smile. It can also lead to other oral health issues such as shifting of the remaining teeth, bone loss, and gum recession.
Treatment options for tooth loss vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Some possible treatments include dentures, implants, bridges, and crowns. It is important to seek professional dental care if you experience any type of tooth loss to prevent further complications and restore oral health.
In popular culture, dental fissures are often referred to as "cracked teeth." This term is misleading because it implies that the crack extends all the way from the surface of the tooth down to the pulp, when in fact many dental fissures do not extend that far. Additionally, the term "cracked teeth" can be used to describe a variety of different conditions, including cracks that extend below the gum line or involve multiple teeth. In contrast, the term "dental fissures" is more specific and limited to small cracks or crevices on the surface of teeth.
Dental fissures are important to diagnose and treat because they can be a source of pain and discomfort, and they can also lead to more serious complications if left untreated. However, many people with dental fissures do not experience any symptoms until the problem is quite advanced. Therefore, regular dental check-ups are important for early detection and prevention of dental fissures, as well as for treatment of any existing problems before they become more serious.
Overall, dental fissures are a common condition that can be treated with a variety of restorative procedures. By understanding the definition of dental fissures and seeking regular dental care, individuals can help prevent or address this problem and maintain good oral health.
There are several types of periodontal diseases, including:
1. Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of periodontal disease, characterized by redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. It is reversible with proper treatment and good oral hygiene.
2. Periodontitis: This is a more severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by the destruction of the periodontal ligament and the jawbone. It can cause teeth to become loose or fall out.
3. Advanced periodontitis: This is the most severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by extensive bone loss and severe gum damage.
4. Periodontal abscess: This is a pocket of pus that forms in the gum tissue as a result of the infection.
5. Peri-implantitis: This is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding dental implants, similar to periodontal disease.
The causes and risk factors for periodontal diseases include:
1. Poor oral hygiene
4. Genetic predisposition
5. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
6. Poor diet
8. Certain medications
The symptoms of periodontal diseases can include:
1. Redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums
2. Bad breath
3. Loose teeth or teeth that feel like they are shifting in their sockets
4. Pus between the teeth and gums
5. Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down
Treatment for periodontal diseases typically involves a combination of professional cleaning, antibiotics, and changes to oral hygiene habits at home. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and restore the health of the teeth and gums.
Preventing periodontal diseases includes:
1. Brushing teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
2. Flossing once a day to remove plaque from between the teeth
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash
4. Eating a balanced diet and avoiding sugary or acidic foods
5. Quitting smoking
6. Maintaining regular dental check-ups and cleanings.
Some common types of tooth diseases include:
1. Caries (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes the decay of tooth enamel, leading to holes or cavities in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease (gum disease): An infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone.
3. Tooth sensitivity: Pain or discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages due to exposed dentin or gum recession.
4. Dental abscesses: Infections that can cause pain, swelling, and pus in the teeth and gums.
5. Tooth erosion: Wear away of the tooth enamel caused by acidic foods and drinks or certain medical conditions.
6. Tooth grinding (bruxism): The habit of grinding or clenching the teeth, which can cause wear on the teeth, jaw pain, and headaches.
7. Dental malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth, which can cause difficulty chewing, speaking, and other oral health problems.
8. Tooth loss: Loss of one or more teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other causes.
Prevention and treatment of tooth diseases usually involve good oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. In some cases, more advanced treatments such as fillings, crowns, root canals, or extractions may be necessary.
Note: The word "toothache" refers to pain in one or more teeth, and not to general gum pain or discomfort.
Demineralization is the opposite process of remineralization, where minerals are deposited back onto the tooth surface. Demineralization can progress over time and lead to tooth decay, also known as dental caries, if not treated promptly. Early detection and prevention of demineralization through good oral hygiene practices and regular dental check-ups can help to prevent tooth decay and maintain a healthy tooth structure.
Tooth demineralization can be detected early on by dental professionals using various diagnostic tools such as radiographs (x-rays) or visual examination of the teeth. Treatment options for demineralization depend on the severity of the condition and may include fluoride treatments, fillings, or other restorative procedures to repair damaged tooth structures.
It is important to maintain good oral hygiene practices such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing once a day, and limiting sugary snacks and drinks to prevent demineralization and promote remineralization of the teeth. Regular dental check-ups are also crucial in detecting early signs of demineralization and ensuring proper treatment to maintain good oral health.
Etymology: [O.E. mund, mouth + L. dentatus, toothed.]
Synonyms: Toothless mouth.
Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1913
In layman's terms, this definition is saying that a mouth, edentulous refers to a mouth without teeth. This can be due to various reasons such as tooth loss due to decay, injury, or other factors. The term is used in the medical field, specifically in dentistry, to describe a patient who requires dentures or other prosthetic devices to replace missing teeth.
In conclusion, mouth, edentulous is a medical term used to describe a toothless mouth, and it is commonly used in dentistry to identify patients who require dentures or other prosthetic devices to restore their dental health.
Types of Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Pulpal necrosis: This is a condition where the dental pulp becomes damaged or dies due to injury, infection, or exposure to extreme temperatures.
2. Dental abscess: A bacterial infection that can cause pain, swelling, and pus formation in the tooth and surrounding tissues.
3. Periapical granuloma: A non-cancerous inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
4. Periapical cyst: A fluid-filled sac that forms as a result of the inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
5. Radiculitis: Inflammation of the nerves that extend from the tooth into the jawbone and skull, causing pain and swelling.
6. Osteonecrosis: A condition where the jawbone dies due to a lack of blood supply, often caused by a dental infection or trauma.
7. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth, leading to inflammation and damage to the gum and bone tissues.
Symptoms of Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Toothache or sensitivity to temperature changes
2. Swelling and redness in the gums and surrounding tissues
3. Pain when chewing or biting
4. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
5. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck or jaw
6. Fever and general feeling of illness
Treatment Options for Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Root canal treatment: A procedure to remove the infected dental pulp, clean and disinfect the inside of the tooth, and fill the tooth with a special material.
2. Extraction: Removal of the affected tooth if the infection is severe or if the tooth cannot be saved.
3. Antibiotics: Medication to treat bacterial infections, such as abscesses or periapical infections.
4. Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help manage toothache pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged tissues.
Prevention of Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings to catch any problems early on and prevent infections from developing.
2. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once a day, to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth.
3. Avoid sugary or acidic foods and drinks that can damage the teeth and lead to infections.
4. Wear a mouthguard when participating in sports to protect the teeth from injury.
5. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, which can increase the risk of dental pulp diseases.
Early diagnosis and treatment of dental pulp diseases are crucial to preventing more severe complications and preserving the affected tooth. If you suspect that you have a dental pulp disease, it is essential to visit a dentist as soon as possible for proper evaluation and treatment.
The most common symptoms of dental enamel hypoplasia are yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth, sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks, and an increased risk of cavities.
Treatment for dental enamel hypoplasia typically involves restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or veneers to repair and protect the affected teeth. In severe cases, extraction of the damaged teeth may be necessary. Preventive measures such as good oral hygiene practices, a balanced diet, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and excessive sugars can also help manage the condition.
Early detection and treatment of dental enamel hypoplasia are crucial to prevent further damage and improve the appearance and function of the teeth. Dentists may use specialized techniques such as radiographs and clinical examinations to diagnose this condition and recommend appropriate treatments.
Gingivitis can be treated with good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, and by visiting a dentist for regular check-ups and professional cleanings. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that can lead to permanent damage and tooth loss.
Some common symptoms of gingivitis include:
* Red and swollen gums
* Bleeding during brushing or flossing
* Bad breath
* Tenderness or pain in the gums
* A decrease in the amount of saliva
Treatment for gingivitis typically involves a combination of good oral hygiene practices and professional dental care. This may include:
* Regular brushing and flossing to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth
* Professional cleanings ( scaling and root planing) to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth
* Antibiotics to treat any underlying infections
* Changes to diet and lifestyle to reduce the risk of further irritation to the gums.
It's important to note that while gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, it can still have serious consequences if left untreated. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are essential for preventing and treating gingivitis.
Some common examples of stomatognathic diseases include:
1. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone.
2. Dental caries: Tooth decay caused by bacteria that produce acid, which can damage the tooth structure.
3. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder: Pain or dysfunction in the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull.
4. Oral cancer: Cancer that affects the mouth, tongue, lips, or throat.
5. Malocclusion: A misalignment of the teeth or jaws that can cause difficulty chewing or speaking.
6. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums that can lead to periodontal disease if left untreated.
7. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A decrease in saliva production that can increase the risk of dental caries and other oral health problems.
8. Oral thrush: A fungal infection that affects the mouth, causing white patches to form on the tongue, inner cheeks, and gums.
9. Burning mouth syndrome: A condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth without any visible signs of injury or infection.
10. Oral lichen planus: An inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes in the mouth, causing white patches and pain.
Stomatognathic diseases can be diagnosed through a combination of medical and dental examinations, including X-rays, blood tests, and biopsies. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition but may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications and stress management techniques.
Early detection and treatment of stomatognathic diseases are essential to prevent further complications and improve quality of life. Regular dental check-ups and screenings can help identify potential issues before they become more severe, and a multidisciplinary approach involving dentists, oral surgeons, and other healthcare professionals may be necessary for optimal management.
There are several types of tooth discoloration, including:
1. Extrinsic stains: These are the most common type of tooth discoloration and are caused by factors such as coffee, tea, red wine, and smoking. These stains can be removed with professional cleaning and whitening treatments.
2. Intrinsic stains: These are deeper stains that occur within the tooth itself and can be caused by factors such as fluorosis, tetracycline staining, and overexposure to fluoride during childhood. These stains can be more difficult to remove and may require more advanced treatments such as porcelain veneers or teeth whitening.
3. Age-related discoloration: As we age, our teeth can become naturally more yellow due to the accumulation of calcium and other minerals on the surface of the teeth. This type of discoloration is more common in adults over the age of 40.
4. Trauma: A blow to the mouth or a injury to a tooth can cause discoloration.
5. Disease: Certain medical conditions such as bruxism, gum disease, and enamel defects can also cause tooth discoloration.
Tooth discoloration can be treated with various methods such as teeth whitening, dental bonding, porcelain veneers, and crowns. The choice of treatment depends on the severity and cause of the discoloration. It is important to consult a dentist if you notice any changes in the color of your teeth, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further damage and improve the appearance of your smile.
1. Tooth decay (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes tooth enamel to break down, leading to holes in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease: An infection of the gums and bone that support the teeth, caused by bacteria.
3. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, usually caused by poor oral hygiene or smoking.
4. Oral thrush: A fungal infection of the mouth, typically affecting people with weakened immune systems.
5. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections: Viral infections that cause sores on the lips, tongue, or gums.
6. Cold sores: Caused by the herpes simplex virus, these are small, painful blisters that appear on the lips, nose, or mouth.
7. Canker sores: Small, shallow ulcers that develop on the inside of the mouth, tongue, lips, or gums.
8. Leukoplakia: A condition where thick, white patches form on the insides of the mouth, usually due to excessive tobacco use or other irritants.
9. Oral cancer: Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, or throat.
10. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A condition where the mouth does not produce enough saliva, which can increase the risk of tooth decay and other problems.
These are just a few examples of mouth diseases. It's important to maintain good oral hygiene and visit a dentist regularly to help prevent these conditions and ensure early detection and treatment if they do occur.
There are different types of dental calculus, including:
1. Supragingival calculus - found above the gum line and is more common.
2. Subgingival calculus - found below the gum line and is less common but more difficult to remove.
3. Interdental calculus - found between teeth and is common in people with tightly spaced teeth.
4. Cemental calculus - found on the root surface of teeth and is less common.
Dental calculus can cause a range of problems, including:
1. Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums that can lead to redness, swelling, and bleeding.
2. Periodontitis - more advanced stage of gingivitis that can cause bone loss, receding gums, and eventual tooth loss.
3. Halitosis - bad breath.
4. Tooth sensitivity - sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
5. Difficulty chewing or biting.
Removing dental calculus is an important part of maintaining good oral health, and can be done through a variety of methods, including:
1. Professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist.
2. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing regularly to remove plaque before it hardens into calculus.
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria that can contribute to calculus formation.
4. Avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks, which can contribute to the formation of plaque and calculus.
In conclusion, dental calculus is a common problem that can cause a range of oral health issues, but it can be prevented and treated through regular maintenance and good oral hygiene practices. It is important to visit a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to ensure the best possible oral health.
There are two main types of pulpitis:
1. Reversible pulpitis: This type of pulpitis is reversible and can be treated with conservative measures such as a filling or a root canal. The inflammation and infection in the pulp tissue can resolve with proper treatment, and the tooth can survive.
2. Irreversible pulpitis: This type of pulpitis is irreversible and cannot be treated with conservative measures. The inflammation and infection in the pulp tissue are severe and have damaged the pulp beyond repair. In this case, the only option is to extract the tooth.
Symptoms of pulpitis may include:
* Sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks
* Pain when biting or chewing
* Swelling and tenderness in the affected gum tissue
* Discoloration of the tooth
If left untreated, pulpitis can lead to more severe conditions such as an abscess or bacterial endocarditis, which can have serious consequences. Therefore, it is essential to seek professional dental care if symptoms of pulpitis are present. A dentist will perform a thorough examination and may take X-rays to determine the extent of the damage and recommend appropriate treatment.
Treatment options for pulpitis depend on the severity of the condition and may include:
* Conservative measures such as fillings or crowns to address any underlying decay or structural issues
* Root canal therapy to remove the infected pulp tissue and preserve the tooth
* Extraction of the affected tooth if the damage is too severe or if the tooth cannot be saved.
There are different types of tooth wear, including:
1. Attrition: This is the most common type of tooth wear and occurs when the enamel surfaces of teeth rub against each other.
2. Abrasion: This type of wear occurs when the outer layer of enamel is worn away by a foreign object such as a toothbrush or dental appliance.
3. Erosion: This type of wear occurs when acidic substances such as citrus fruits, soda, and sugary drinks dissolve the enamel surface of teeth.
4. Exfoliation: This type of wear occurs when a tooth is lost due to decay, injury, or gum disease, and the surrounding teeth shift to fill the gap.
Tooth wear can cause a range of symptoms including:
* Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
* Pain when chewing or biting
* Aesthetic concerns such as chipped or worn-down teeth
* Difficulty speaking or pronouncing certain words
Tooth wear can be prevented or treated by practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding acidic and sugary foods and drinks, using a soft-bristled toothbrush, and visiting the dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. In severe cases, dental restorations such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to restore the shape, size, and function of teeth.
1. Congenital abnormalities: These are present at birth and may be caused by genetic factors or environmental influences during fetal development. Examples include hypodontia (absence of one or more teeth), hyperdontia (extra teeth), or anodontia (absence of all teeth).
2. Acquired abnormalities: These can occur at any time during life, often as a result of trauma, infection, or other conditions. Examples include tooth decay, gum disease, or tooth wear and tear.
3. Developmental abnormalities: These occur during the development of teeth and may be caused by genetic factors, nutritional deficiencies, or exposure to certain medications or chemicals. Examples include enamel hypoplasia (thinning of tooth enamel) or peg-shaped teeth.
4. Structural abnormalities: These are irregularities in the shape or structure of teeth, such as anomalies in the size, shape, or position of teeth. Examples include crowded or misaligned teeth, or teeth that do not erupt properly.
5. Dental caries (tooth decay): This is a bacterial infection that causes the breakdown of tooth structure, often leading to cavities and tooth loss if left untreated.
6. Periodontal disease: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, including the gums and bone, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
7. Tooth wear: This refers to the wear and tear of teeth over time, often due to habits such as bruxism (teeth grinding) or acid reflux.
8. Dental anomalies: These are rare, genetic conditions that affect the development and structure of teeth, such as peg-shaped teeth or geminated teeth (two teeth fused together).
These are just a few examples of tooth abnormalities, and there are many more conditions that can affect the health and appearance of teeth. Regular dental check-ups can help detect and address any issues early on to ensure good oral health.
Xerostomia can be caused by a variety of factors, including certain medications, medical conditions, and injuries to the head or neck. It is often associated with other conditions such as Sjögren's syndrome, HIV/AIDS, and diabetes.
There are several treatments for xerostomia, including saliva substitutes, mouthwashes, and medications that stimulate saliva production. Lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and using a humidifier can also help manage the condition.
Xerostomia is a relatively common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can have a significant impact on quality of life, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to manage the symptoms and prevent complications.
There are several types of tooth injuries that can occur, including:
1. Tooth fractures: A crack or break in a tooth, which can vary in severity from a small chip to a more extensive crack or split.
2. Tooth avulsions: The complete loss of a tooth due to trauma, often caused by a blow to the mouth or face.
3. Tooth intrusions: When a tooth is pushed into the jawbone or gum tissue.
4. Tooth extrusions: When a tooth is forced out of its socket.
5. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to the lips, cheeks, tongue, or other soft tissues of the mouth.
6. Alveolar bone fractures: Fractures to the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth.
7. Dental luxation: The displacement of a tooth from its normal position within the jawbone.
8. Tooth embedded in the skin or mucous membrane: When a tooth becomes lodged in the skin or mucous membrane of the mouth.
Treatment for tooth injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from simple restorative procedures, such as fillings or crowns, to more complex procedures, such as dental implants or bone grafting. In some cases, urgent medical attention may be necessary to prevent further complications or tooth loss.
Dental deposits refer to the accumulation of plaque, tartar, and other substances on the teeth and dental restorations. These deposits can lead to various oral health problems, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Dental deposits can be removed through regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.
Types of Dental Deposits:
There are several types of dental deposits that can accumulate on the teeth and dental restorations, including:
1. Plaque: A sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
2. Tartar (calculus): A hard, yellowish deposit that forms on the teeth and dental restorations, made up of mineralized plaque.
3. Stains: Discoloration of the teeth due to various factors such as smoking, coffee, tea, or certain medications.
4. Biofilm: A complex community of microorganisms that adhere to the surfaces of the teeth and dental restorations, which can contribute to the development of periodontal disease.
Effects of Dental Deposits:
Dental deposits can have a significant impact on oral health if left untreated. Some of the effects of dental deposits include:
1. Tooth Decay: The accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth can lead to tooth decay, which can cause pain, sensitivity, and potentially lead to tooth loss.
2. Gum Disease: Plaque and tartar can also contribute to the development of gum disease, which can cause inflammation, bleeding, and receding gums.
3. Bad Breath: Dental deposits can cause bad breath (halitosis), which can be embarrassing and affect an individual's self-confidence.
4. Tooth Discoloration: Stains on the teeth can cause discoloration, which can make the teeth appear yellow or brown.
5. Increased Risk of Dental Caries: Dental deposits can provide a conducive environment for the growth of cariogenic bacteria, which can increase the risk of dental caries.
6. Difficulty Chewing and Speaking: Advanced periodontal disease can cause teeth to become loose or fall out, making it difficult to chew and speak properly.
7. Self-Esteem Issues: Poor oral health can affect an individual's self-esteem and confidence, which can impact their overall quality of life.
8. Systemic Diseases: There is evidence that suggests a link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.
Prevention of Dental Deposits:
Preventing dental deposits is essential for maintaining good oral health. Some ways to prevent dental deposits include:
1. Brushing and Flossing: Regular brushing and flossing can help remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, reducing the risk of dental deposits.
2. Dietary Changes: Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, drinking plenty of water, and consuming a balanced diet can help prevent the formation of dental deposits.
3. Professional Cleaning: Regular professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist can remove tartar and plaque that is difficult to remove with brushing and flossing alone.
4. Fluoride Treatment: Fluoride treatment can help strengthen teeth and prevent the formation of dental deposits.
5. Salivary Substitutes: For individuals with dry mouth, salivary substitutes can help stimulate saliva production and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
6. Oral Rinses: Using an oral rinse can help remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums.
7. Tobacco Cessation: Quitting tobacco use can help improve oral health and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
8. Regular Dental Check-Ups: Regular dental check-ups can help identify early signs of dental deposits and prevent more serious problems from developing.
A condition where one or more teeth are missing from the jawbone, resulting in a partial dental defect. This can cause difficulties with chewing, speaking, and other oral functions. Treatment options may include dentures, implants, or bridges to restore the natural function and appearance of the mouth.
Treatment options for dental pulp exposure depend on the severity of the condition, but may include a root canal, pulpotomy, or extraction of the affected tooth.
Tooth erosion can lead to sensitive teeth, pain, and discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages. In severe cases, it can cause teeth to appear yellow or brown, become brittle and prone to breaking, or even result in tooth loss.
To prevent tooth erosion, good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing, avoiding acidic foods and drinks, and using a fluoride-based toothpaste can help protect teeth from acid wear. Dental sealants or varnishes may also be applied to the teeth to provide extra protection against erosion.
If tooth erosion has already occurred, dental treatments such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to repair damaged teeth. In severe cases, teeth may need to be extracted and replaced with dental implants or bridges.
Symptoms of periapical abscess may include:
* Pain in the affected tooth and surrounding areas
* Swelling of the face, cheek, or neck
* Redness and tenderness of the gums
* Fever and chills
* Bad breath
* Discharge of pus from the abscess
If left untreated, periapical abscess can lead to more severe complications such as:
* Bacterial endocarditis (infection of the inner lining of the heart)
* Osteomyelitis (infection of the bone)
* Sepsis (systemic infection)
Treatment of periapical abscess usually involves a combination of antibiotics and dental treatment, such as:
* Root canal therapy to remove the infected pulp and nerve tissue
* Extraction of the affected tooth if it is too damaged to be saved
* Drainage of the abscess to release any collected pus
Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent further complications and ensure a successful outcome.
Overbite: This occurs when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth too much.
Underbite: This happens when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth too much.
Crossbite: This is when the upper teeth do not align with the lower teeth, causing them to point towards the inside of the mouth.
Open bite: This occurs when the upper and lower teeth do not meet properly, resulting in a gap or an open bite.
Overjet: This is when the upper teeth protrude too far forward, overlapping the lower teeth.
Crowding: This refers to when there is not enough space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly, leading to overlapping or misalignment.
Spacing: This occurs when there is too much space between the teeth, which can lead to gum problems and other issues.
Each type of malocclusion can cause a range of symptoms, including difficulty chewing, jaw pain, headaches, and difficulty opening and closing the mouth fully. Treatment options for malocclusion depend on the severity of the problem and may include orthodontic braces, aligners, or surgery to correct the bite and improve oral function and aesthetics.
Symptoms of periapical periodontitis may include:
* Pain or tenderness in the affected tooth
* Swelling and redness in the gum tissue
* Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
* Discharge of pus from the affected tooth
Periapical periodontitis is typically diagnosed through a combination of clinical examination and diagnostic tests such as radiographs (x-rays) or dental scans. Treatment may involve antibiotics, a root canal, or extraction of the affected tooth, depending on the severity of the infection and the extent of damage to the pulp and surrounding tissues.
Some common types of streptococcal infections include:
1. Strep throat (pharyngitis): an infection of the throat and tonsils that can cause fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes.
2. Sinusitis: an infection of the sinuses (air-filled cavities in the skull) that can cause headache, facial pain, and nasal congestion.
3. Pneumonia: an infection of the lungs that can cause cough, fever, chills, and shortness of breath.
4. Cellulitis: an infection of the skin and underlying tissue that can cause redness, swelling, and warmth over the affected area.
5. Endocarditis: an infection of the heart valves, which can cause fever, fatigue, and swelling in the legs and abdomen.
6. Meningitis: an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord that can cause fever, headache, stiff neck, and confusion.
7. Septicemia (blood poisoning): an infection of the bloodstream that can cause fever, chills, rapid heart rate, and low blood pressure.
Streptococcal infections are usually treated with antibiotics, which can help clear the infection and prevent complications. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat the infection.
Prevention measures for streptococcal infections include:
1. Good hygiene practices, such as washing hands frequently, especially after contact with someone who is sick.
2. Avoiding close contact with people who have streptococcal infections.
3. Keeping wounds and cuts clean and covered to prevent bacterial entry.
4. Practicing safe sex to prevent the spread of streptococcal infections through sexual contact.
5. Getting vaccinated against streptococcus pneumoniae, which can help prevent pneumonia and other infections caused by this bacterium.
It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you or someone else may have a streptococcal infection, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
The main causes of periodontitis are poor oral hygiene, smoking, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. The symptoms of periodontitis include:
* Redness and swelling of the gums
* Bad breath
* Bleeding while brushing or flossing
* Pocket formation between the teeth and gums
* Loose teeth or changes in the bite
* Changes in the color or shape of the gums
If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to serious complications such as:
* Tooth loss
* Bone loss around the teeth
* Infection of the dental implant or prosthetic tooth
* Spread of bacteria to other parts of the body, leading to systemic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.
Periodontitis can be treated by a dentist or periodontist with a combination of non-surgical and surgical procedures, including:
* Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning of the teeth and roots)
* Antibiotics to treat infection
* Bone grafting to restore lost bone tissue
* Gum grafting to cover exposed roots
* Dental implants or prosthetic teeth to replace missing teeth.
It is important to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly, to prevent periodontitis. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of the disease and save teeth from being lost.
Dental caries (non-human)
Diseases of poverty
Dental public health
Index of oral health and dental articles
List of vaccine topics
List of infectious diseases
Food labeling in Mexico
Indian Army Dental Corps
Head and neck anatomy
Unethical human experimentation
Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion
Early childhood caries
Ruth Ella Moore
List of Puerto Rican scientists and inventors
H. Trendley Dean
Vijay P. Parashar
Hawaiian Poi Dog
List of dental journals
Dentistry for babies
Removable partial denture
Outline of dentistry and oral health
Water supply and sanitation in Saudi Arabia
Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Dental Caries (Tooth Decay) | National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
CDC - Dental Caries - AIP - DPEI
Browsing Publications by Subject "Dental Caries"
Dental Caries - MeSH - NCBI
Preventing dental caries in children - PubMed
PA-15-335: Imaging Diagnostics of Dental Diseases and Conditions (Caries, Periodontal Disease, Cracked Teeth, and Pulp Vitality...
NIH VideoCast - NIH Consensus Development Conference on Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries Throughout Life (Day 3)
caries - Dimensions of Dental Hygiene | Magazine
WHAT MARYLAND DENTISTS KNOW AND DO ABOUT PREVENTING DENTAL CARIES
Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries: Clinical Focus
WHO EMRO | Association between body mass index, diet and dental caries in Grade 6 boys in Medina, Saudi Arabia | Volume 22,...
Oral health behavior of children and guardians' beliefs about children's dental caries in Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic...
Frontiers | Risk of Dental Caries and Erosive Tooth Wear in 117 Children and Adolescents' Anorexia Nervosa Population-A Case...
A Pilot Comparative Study of Dental Students' Ability to Detect Enamel-only Proximal Caries in Bitewing Radiographs With and...
Relationship between Body Mass Index and Dental Caries among Adolescent Children in South India | West Indian Medical Journal
Behavioral and social factors related to dental caries in 3 to 13 year-old children from João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil |...
dental caries | NIH Intramural Research Program
Subjects: Dental Caries - Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine Search Results
Correlation of trace elements in saliva with dental caries activity | International Journal of Current Research
Tooth Decay, Or Dental Caries, Is A Disease Of This Part Of The Tooth - How to Get Rid of Your Dentist Forever
QuickStats: Prevalence of Untreated Dental Caries in Primary Teeth Among Children Aged 2-8 Years, by Age Group and Race...
Dental caries and gender in adolescents
A Survey of Dental Caries Segmentation and Detection Techniques. | ScientificWorldJournal;2022: 8415705, 2022. | MEDLINE |...
Details for: Dental caries : › WHO HQ Library catalog
Selle los dientes contra la caries dental | NIDCR Catalog
dental caries - Dental Care
Fluoride toothpaste prevents caries | Evidence-Based Dentistry
Nutrition, dental caries and periodontal disease: a narrative review - European Federation of Periodontology
- Counseling on Early Childhood Caries transmission by dentists. (cdc.gov)
- Objective: High levels of Streptococcus mutans on teeth of young children are predictive of Early Childhood Caries (ECC). (cdc.gov)
- Early Childhood Caries (ECC) are one of the major oral diseases affecting children. (mdpi.com)
- The present study aims to assess the quality of life in children with Early Childhood Caries aged 6-72 months using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale. (mdpi.com)
- 15 kg/m 2 , mean age 14.9 ± 1.8), the dental status has been examined regarding the occurrence of caries lesions using Decay Missing Filling Teeth (DMFT), erosive wear as Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE), gingival condition as Bleeding on Probing (BOP) and plaque deposition as Plaque Control Record (PCR). (frontiersin.org)
- Those in the normal BMI range had a significantly higher prevalence of caries (57%) and DMFT score (1.92) compared with the overweight and obese groups (P (who.int)
- In order to assess the prevalence of untreated caries and oral hygiene, the DMFT and the OHI-S (Simplified Oral Hygiene) indexes were used, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
- Dental caries was recorded according to DMFT (D = Decayed, M = Missing due to caries only, F = Filled, T = Teeth)/deft index (d = decayed, e = extracted due to caries, f = filled, t = teeth). (who.int)
- The prevalence of untreated dental caries in the final sample was 40.3% and the DMFT index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) 2.32, there was no statistical difference between cities. (bvsalud.org)
Prevention of dental caries1
- Cost and benefit of fluoride in the prevention of dental caries / by G. N. Davies. (who.int)
Prevalence of caries1
- Conclusion: The results suggest a high prevalence of caries disease in the sample and specific association with some socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors. (pucrs.br)
- During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. (cdc.gov)
- The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years. (cdc.gov)
- Severely ill adolescents with AN are at risk of extremely low body weight, macro/micronutrient deficiencies ( 5 ), and combined with diminished salivation and neglecting of hygiene habits, protection for dental or periodontal tissues may be lost at an older age ( 6 - 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Conclusion: Gender did not affect the prevalence of untreated caries in 12-year-old adolescents. (bvsalud.org)
- Significant dental caries, erosive tooth wear, and loss of periodontal health were observed in other studies considering adult AN subjects ( 8 , 9 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Effect of Probiotics on Dental Caries and Periodontal Pathogens: An In Vitro Study by: Subhajit Routh, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
- Cranberry polyphenols: Beneficial effects for prevention of periodontal disease and dental caries by: Sanjeet Gill, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
- Exploration of different school of thoughts among undergraduate dental students regarding dental caries and periodontal diseases by: Anmol Mathur, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
- Oral diseases encompass a range of diseases and conditions, notably dental caries, periodontal (gum) disease, oral cancer, orofacial trauma, oral manifestations of HIV infection, birth defects, and noma in the WHO African Region. (who.int)
- CDC was asked by the YKD Dental program for technical assistance in determining whether current interventions were cost-beneficial and effective in reducing the number of carious teeth in YKD children. (cdc.gov)
- The treatment of these teeth may be done either in the local dental office by a dentist or dental provider or by an oral surgeon in the operating room when a child is unable to withstand treatment in the dental office and thus needs to be placed under anesthesia. (cdc.gov)
- During 2011-2014, 13.7% of children aged 2-8 years had untreated dental caries in their primary teeth (baby teeth). (cdc.gov)
- The proportion of children with untreated dental caries in their primary teeth increased with age: 10.9% among children aged 2-5 years and 17.4% among children aged 6-8 years. (cdc.gov)
- They also conducted a questionnaire-based survey with the schoolchildren's guardians to collect data including socio-economic and demographic information, their children's oral health behavior, and guardians' beliefs derived from HBM, including perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of child dental caries, perceived benefit of and perceived barrier to child's tooth brushing, and self-efficacy in making their children brush their teeth twice daily. (plos.org)
- Children who brushed their teeth ≥ twice/day were significantly less likely to have dental caries than those brushing once or seldom (OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.91). (plos.org)
- Dr. Alan Dechter and Dr. Matthew Moy treat patients who suffer from tooth decay in Silver Spring, MD. This dental problem is often seen in people who do not properly care for their teeth. (dechtermoy.com)
- Incidences of dental caries in baby teeth are rising, especially in children ages 2-11. (dechtermoy.com)
- During a dental scan, when a radiograph emits radiations and the X-rays fall on the teeth, the hard mineral substance (i.e. calcium) present in the teeth blocks the entry of radiations which results in portraying a dark (white) structure on the X-ray film. (diseasefix.com)
Obesity and dental2
- Moreover, there is a causal link between high consumption of sugars and diabetes, obesity and dental caries. (who.int)
- Sugar -containing beverages / free sugars increase the risk for overweight / obesity and dental caries , can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity, and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects. (lww.com)
- Although the prevalence and functions associated with members of Bacteria are well known in dental caries , the role of Archaea in cariogenic biofilms has not been studied yet. (bvsalud.org)
- For example, a diet rich in dietary carbohydrate such as refined sugar favors bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans , the organism that causes dental caries. (medscape.com)
- ABSTRACT The prevalence of obesity is increasing in Saudi Arabia and although caries is associated with obesity, this association has not been investigated in Medina. (who.int)
- Medicaid) perspective, the impact of five interventions currently used among YK children: water fluoridation, dental sealants, fluoride varnish, brushing with fluoride toothpaste, and initial dental exam with parental counseling. (cdc.gov)
- Of the five interventions studied, water fluoridation, tooth brushing and fluoride varnish would prevent the greatest number of dental caries and FMDRs. (cdc.gov)
- What concentration of fluoride toothpaste should dental teams be recommending? (nature.com)
- Is professionally applied fluoride effective in preventing or arresting caries in older adults? (nature.com)
- Fluoride in toothpaste - is the expressed total fluoride content meaningful for caries prevention? (nature.com)
- This means that 1.6 children need to brush with a fluoride rather than nonfluoride toothpaste over 3 years to prevent 1 D(M)FS in populations with a caries increment of 2.6 D(M)FS per year (or 3.7 children in populations with a caries increment of 1.1 D(M)FS per year). (nature.com)
- Taken together, the trials are of relatively high quality, and provide clear evidence that fluoride toothpastes are efficacious in preventing caries. (nature.com)
- The objectives of the current review were to determine the effectiveness and safety of fluoride toothpastes in the prevention of caries in children, and to examine factors potentially modifying their effect. (nature.com)
- Objectives: This study investigates the estimation of the fluoride concentration in drinking water in Rohtak district, Haryana, and quantifies its effect on the prevalence of dental fluorosis and dental caries. (who.int)
- Conclusion: It can be concluded that in Rohtak district, the fluoride levels in drinking water and the prevalence of dental fluorosis are high, so requiring an urgent need to improve the quality of water and institute de-fluoridation of drinking water in affected areas to lower the burden of dental fluorosis in the community. (who.int)
- Archaeal sequences were detected in dental caries and biofilms from surfaces without caries lesions. (bvsalud.org)
- Tooth decay or dental caries a is one of the most common chronic conditions among American children as reported by the American Academy of Pediatrics Children's Oral Health Initiative (1, 2). (cdc.gov)
- A public health assessment was conducted that showed high rates of caries and a frequent need for full mouth dental reconstructions (FMDRs) b . (cdc.gov)
- Through an extensive literature review, researchers determined the effectiveness rates (minimum and maximum) and the current and ideal coverage levels for each intervention (6).These data may aid public health officials and primary dental care providers to choose those interventions likely to have the greatest impact in reducing rates of dental caries in this population. (cdc.gov)
- For instance Water Fluoridation's cost benefit of preventing dental caries in Alaska native children (6months- 5 years) saved the health care system $1,335. (cdc.gov)
- Dental caries and tooth loss are important oral health indicators for adults and are key measures for monitoring progress toward health promotion goals set by Healthy People 2020. (cdc.gov)
- Dental caries is considered a major health problem among schoolchildren in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). (plos.org)
- This study aimed to describe children's oral health behavior and its association with childhood dental caries, as well as to assess associations between children's tooth-brushing behavior and guardians' beliefs in an urban area of Lao PDR, using HBM. (plos.org)
- Ten dentists with the help of dental hygienists and schoolteachers conducted dental health check-ups at the schools that diagnosed dental caries based on visual inspection. (plos.org)
- A mixed-effects logistic regression model assessed the association between dental caries and children's oral health behavior and between children's tooth-brushing behavior and guardians' beliefs. (plos.org)
- The National School Health Policy of the Lao PDR, which was established in 2006, includes dental caries as one of the target diseases that should be addressed through school-based strategies. (plos.org)
- Promoting appropriate oral health behavior is key to preventing dental caries. (plos.org)
- This case-control study aimed to compare the dental health and gingival inflammation level in female adolescent inpatients affected by severe AN restrictive subtype vs. controls. (frontiersin.org)
- Considering AN's potential role in oral health, it is essential to monitor dental treatment needs and oral hygiene levels in their present status to prevent forward complications in the future. (frontiersin.org)
- Staying abreast of the changing landscape of caries risk assessment, management, and prevention will help oral health professionals provide the highest quality patient care. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- Dimensions is committed to the highest standards of professionalism, accuracy, and integrity in our mission of education supporting oral health professionals and those allied with the dental industry. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- Dental health and the development of health services in Africa. (who.int)
- Probiotics: A Promising Role in Dental Health by: Sari A. Mahasneh, et al. (uitm.edu.my)
- Home » Dental Health » Dental Caries » What Does a Cavity Look Like? (diseasefix.com)
- Dental caries is a major public health problem around the world, because it can cause pain and suffering to individuals. (bvsalud.org)
- The CPP survey on the Caries Prevention and Management Chairside Guide polled oral health professionals (OHPs) on their overall perception of the guide and measured how helpful it is as a tool within dental practices. (fdiworldental.org)
- The IHS Division of Oral Health is an accredited sponsor of continuing education under the American Dental Association Continuing Education Recognition Program (CERP). (ihs.gov)
- In conclusion, childhood dental caries was associated with daily tooth brushing. (plos.org)
- Organism involved in smooth surface caries is: 1. (dentaldevotee.com)
- Yet, we have known for decades how to prevent it and most adults consider dentists their source of dental information. (umd.edu)
- Methods: A mail survey was used to determine dentists' knowledge, opinions and practices regarding caries prevention. (umd.edu)
- Conclusions: Dentists' lack of understanding of dental caries prevention impacts not only their clinical decision-making but also what they tell their patients. (umd.edu)
- Methods: In 2006 as part of a larger study on dental care for pregnant women, we surveyed 829 general dentists in Oregon. (cdc.gov)
- Conclusions: The strongest predictors of counseling patients about ECC were dentists' belief in the evidence of caries transmission and dentists' discussion of ECC during staff meetings. (cdc.gov)
- This course will provide an overview of ways to increase dental access and decrease referrals to pediatric dentists for 0-5 year-olds. (ihs.gov)
- Normal and underweight participants had an almost 2 times greater risk of developing caries compared with their overweight and obese counterparts. (who.int)
- The children had poor dietary habits and there were no significant associations between dietary variables and caries. (who.int)
- Regarding the consumption of food with sucrose, preference for sweet flavors, and dental caries experience, no significant differences were found between genders. (bvsalud.org)
- If tooth decay is affecting a significant portion of the tooth, you may require a dental inlay or only. (dechtermoy.com)
- There was a statistically significant relationship between the variable toothache in the last six months and the outcome of untreated caries (p = 0.012) with 76% of those who had pain. (bvsalud.org)
- [ 3 , 4 ] Evidence also exists that significant interaction of bacterial types within biofilm may either enhance or suppress metabolic activity that leads to dental infection. (medscape.com)
- The main outcome was caries increment measured by the change in decayed, missing and filled tooth surfaces (D(M)FS). (nature.com)
- What is the validity of the methods used to diagnose dental caries? (webharvest.gov)
- Dental caries are bacterial infected tooth surfaces, which destroy the tooth enamel resulting in tooth decay. (cdc.gov)
- Patients affected by AN should be encouraged to undertake psychiatric care and psychotherapy, but whether they should necessarily be included in careful dental care or not may still be questionable. (frontiersin.org)
- The purpose of this study was to determine dentist's knowledge, opinions and practices regarding caries prevention. (umd.edu)
- This study aimed to determine the association between dental caries, body mass index (BMI) and dietary habits of 12-year-old boys from four geographically distinct schools in Medina. (who.int)
- This study helps manufacturers, suppliers and investors, CEOs to identify opportunities and business optimization strategies to improve their value in the global Dental Caries and Endodontic market. (dentnews.eu)
- Objective: To assess the influence of gender on the prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene habits, consumption and preference for sugar at the beginning of adolescence. (bvsalud.org)
- Dimensions of Dental Hygiene is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal that reconnects practicing dental hygienists with the nation's leading educators and researchers. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- In addition, when examining the prevention of caries in children receiving full mouth dental reconstruction, water fluoridation also had the greatest cost benefit with a savings to the healthcare system of $8,149 per FMDR averted at minimum effectiveness, and a savings of $6,053 per case averted at maximum effectiveness. (cdc.gov)
- Mean BMI was significantly lower in boys with severe compared with mild or no caries. (who.int)
- Each top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the market dimension of Dental Caries and Endodontic market, to estimate the dimensions of varied different dependent submarkets within the general market. (dentnews.eu)
- To current the Dental Caries and Endodontic growth in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America & Center East and Africa. (dentnews.eu)
- The report is an assortment of direct data, subjective and quantitative evaluation by trade specialists, contributions from trade examiners and Dental Caries and Endodontic trade members over the value chain. (dentnews.eu)
- Although the obtained results did not reveal any severe oral status, our findings indicated impaired dental and gingival conditions in young anorexics. (frontiersin.org)
- RÉSUMÉ La prévalence de l'obésité augmente en Arabie saoudite et malgré le lien qui existe entre la carie et l'obésité, cette association n'a pas été étudiée à Médine. (who.int)
- Purpose: To record the prevalence of dental caries in 3-13 year-old children and test the association of presence of caries with some social and behavioral factors. (pucrs.br)
- ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. (ihs.gov)
- The results were compared with age-matched 103 female dental patients (BMI 19.8 ± 2.3 kg/m 2 , age 15.0 ± 1.8, p = 0.746) treated in a public University dental clinic. (frontiersin.org)
- Dr Apoorva Gupta is a registered dental professional and is committed towards providing the best service in the benefits of her patients. (oraheal.in)
- Data were collected from the dental records on clinical examination to compute dmf-t and DMF-T indexes, oral hygiene habits, diet, and socio-economic factors. (pucrs.br)