A group of different species of microorganisms that act together as a community.
Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Chemicals that are used to oxidize pigments and thus effect whitening.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A genus of colorless, filamentous bacteria in the family THIOTRICHACEAE whose cells contain inclusions of sulfur granules. When found in decaying seaweed beds and polluted water, its presence signals environmental degradation.
A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.
A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.
A group of PROTEOBACTERIA represented by morphologically diverse, anaerobic sulfidogens. Some members of this group are considered bacterial predators, having bacteriolytic properties.
A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
Inorganic salts of sulfuric acid.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
A large multisubunit complex that plays an important role in the degradation of most of the cytosolic and nuclear proteins in eukaryotic cells. It contains a 700-kDa catalytic sub-complex and two 700-kDa regulatory sub-complexes. The complex digests ubiquitinated proteins and protein activated via ornithine decarboxylase antizyme.
Cleavage of proteins into smaller peptides or amino acids either by PROTEASES or non-enzymatically (e.g., Hydrolysis). It does not include Protein Processing, Post-Translational.
A highly conserved 76-amino acid peptide universally found in eukaryotic cells that functions as a marker for intracellular PROTEIN TRANSPORT and degradation. Ubiquitin becomes activated through a series of complicated steps and forms an isopeptide bond to lysine residues of specific proteins within the cell. These "ubiquitinated" proteins can be recognized and degraded by proteosomes or be transported to specific compartments within the cell.
The act of ligating UBIQUITINS to PROTEINS to form ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes to label proteins for transport to the PROTEASOME ENDOPEPTIDASE COMPLEX where proteolysis occurs.
A diverse class of enzymes that interact with UBIQUITIN-CONJUGATING ENZYMES and ubiquitination-specific protein substrates. Each member of this enzyme group has its own distinct specificity for a substrate and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. Ubiquitin-protein ligases exist as both monomeric proteins multiprotein complexes.
The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
Pharmacologic agents in the form of a mist or spray delivered into the body through the mouth.
Polymers synthesized by living organisms. They play a role in the formation of macromolecular structures and are synthesized via the covalent linkage of biological molecules, especially AMINO ACIDS; NUCLEOTIDES; and CARBOHYDRATES.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Ferry, J. G.; Wolfe, R. S. (February 1976). "Anaerobic degradation of benzoate to methane by a microbial consortium". Archives ... Syntrophic microbial food webs can play an integral role in the breakdown of organic pollutants such as oils, aromatic ... The degradation of aromatic benzoate to methane produces many intermediate compounds such as formate, acetate, CO 2 and H2. The ... Syntrophic microbial communities are key players in the breakdown of aromatic compounds, which are common pollutants. ...
Jonas, Rainer; Farah, Luiz F. (1998). "Production and application of microbial cellulose". Polymer Degradation and Stability. ... Jarrell J, Cal T, Bennett JW (2000). "The Kombucha Consortia of yeasts and bacteria". Mycologist. 14 (4): 166-170. doi:10.1016/ ... "A live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance."[59] ... "live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance." He ...
"A live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance." ... Jarrell J, Cal T, Bennett JW (2000). "The Kombucha Consortia of yeasts and bacteria". Mycologist. 14 (4): 166-170. doi:10.1016/ ... Polymer Degradation and Stability. 59 (1-3): 101-106. doi:10.1016/s0141-3910(97)00197-3. Jayabalan, Rasu; Malbaša, Radomir V.; ... "live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance." He ...
It is characterized by complete tissue degradation due to a pathogenic microbial consortium. The mat is present between ... The black band disease microbial consortium is structurally and functionally identical to cyanobacterial-dominated microbial ... The black band microbial consortium consists of an assortment of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic bacteria that co-exist ... The pathogenic microbial mat moves across coral colonies at rates from 3 millimeters (0.12 in) to 1 centimeter (0.4 in) a day. ...
ISA degradation ceased above pH 11.0. Microbial consortia from hyperalkaline environments in which exposure to pH > 11.0 has ... "Evidence of the generation of isosaccharinic acids and their subsequent degradation by local microbial consortia within hyper- ... As a result, the impact of microbial activity within a GDF is expected to be through the degradation of ISA's and production of ... Bassil, Naji M; Bryan, Nicholas; Lloyd, Jonathan R (2014). "Microbial degradation of isosaccharinic acid at high pH". The ISME ...
McLeod MP & Eltis LD (2008). "Genomic Insights Into the Aerobic Pathways for Degradation of Organic Pollutants". Microbial ... Aspergillus and other moulds play an important role in these consortia because they are adept at recycling starches, ... General overview of microbial biodegradation of petroleum oil by microbial communities. Some microorganisms, such as A. ... 2011). Microbial Bioremediation of Non-metals: Current Research. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-83-7.. ...
In this way, low energy-yielding carbon sources can be used by a consortium of organisms to achieve further degradation and ... Microbial metabolism is the means by which a microbe obtains the energy and nutrients (e.g. carbon) it needs to live and ... All microbial metabolisms can be arranged according to three principles: 1. How the organism obtains carbon for synthesizing ... Acetogenesis is a type of microbial metabolism that uses hydrogen (H 2) as an electron donor and carbon dioxide (CO 2) as an ...
The microbial degradation of cellulose and xylans requires several types of enzymes such as endoglucanases (EC 3.2.1.4), ... CAZypedia Consortium (December 2018). "Ten years of CAZypedia: a living encyclopedia of carbohydrate-active enzymes". ... Gilkes NR, Henrissat B, Kilburn DG, Miller RC, Warren RA (June 1991). "Domains in microbial beta-1, 4-glycanases: sequence ... Béguin P (1990). "Molecular biology of cellulose degradation". Annual Review of Microbiology. 44: 219-48. doi:10.1146/annurev. ...
... and microbial activity that are necessary for degradation to occur. Thus, it is very important that there are standards for ... Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials in the Marine Environment by a Defined Microbial Consortium ... The degradation rate of many organic compounds is limited by their bioavailability, which is the rate at which a substance is ... Webb H, Arnott J, Crawford R, Ivanova E, Webb HK, Arnott J, Crawford RJ, Ivanova EP (2012-12-28). "Plastic Degradation and Its ...
Ishtiaq Ali, Muhammad (2011). Microbial degradation of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PDF) (Ph.D.). Quaid-i-Azam University. pp. ... Methanogenic microbial consortia degrade styrene, using it as a carbon source. Pseudomonas putida can convert styrene oil into ... Ishtiaq Ali, Muhammad (2011). Microbial degradation of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PDF) (Ph.D.). Quaid-i-Azam University. p. ... Ishtiaq Ali, Muhammad (2011). Microbial degradation of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PDF) (Ph.D.). Quaid-i-Azam University. p. ...
during Degradation of Chlorinated Ethanes". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72 (1): 428-436. doi:10.1128/AEM.72.1.428- ... Duhamel, Melanie; Edwards, Elizabeth A. (2006-12-01). "Microbial composition of chlorinated ethene-degrading cultures dominated ... "Bioremediation of Trichloroethylene-Contaminated Sediments Augmented with a Dehalococcoides Consortia". Retrieved October 8, ... during Degradation of Chlorinated Ethanes". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72 (1): 428-436. doi:10.1128/aem.72.1.428- ...
Dash SS, Gummadi SN (December 2006). "Catabolic pathways and biotechnological applications of microbial caffeine degradation". ... mixed-culture consortium. The heterotrimer is noted as being similar to the xanthine dehydrogenase found in Veillonella atypica ... Thus, microbial bioprocessing has begun to appear more attractive, with bacteria that are capable of metabolizing caffeine ... Madyastha KM, Sridhar GR (August 1998). "A novel pathway for the metabolism of caffeine by a mixed culture consortium". ...
... utilizing microbes works through the use of a microbial consortium. In this context, a microbial consortium is a ... Varjani SJ, Upasani VN (2017). "A new look on factors affecting microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants". ... doi:10.1016/B978-012373944-5.00100-0. ISBN 978-0-12-373944-5. Paniagua-Michel J, Fathepure BZ (2018). "Microbial Consortia and ... Chen Q, Bao B, Li Y, Liu M, Zhu B, Mu J, Chen Z (2020). "Effects of marine oil pollution on microbial diversity in coastal ...
nov., isolated from a microbial consortium that degrades poly(ethylene terephthalate)". International Journal of Systematic and ... Non-enzymatic natural degradation of PET will take hundreds of years, but PETases can degrade PET in matter of days. The first ... PETase may have had past enzymatic activity associated with degradation of a waxy coating on plants. As of April 2019, there ... January 2018). "Structural insight into molecular mechanism of poly(ethylene terephthalate) degradation". Nature Communications ...
Fathepure, Babu Z. (2014-01-01). "Recent studies in microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in hypersaline environments ... "Column bioleaching of uranium embedded in granite porphyry by a mesophilic acidophilic consortium". Bioresource Technology. 102 ... In the industrial microbial leaching process popularly known as bioleaching, low grade ore is dumped in a large pile (the leach ... In the microbial leaching process At. ferrooxidans and relatives are able to attack and make soluble the arsenopyrite minerals ...
"A microbial consortium couples anaerobic methane oxidation to denitrification". Nature. 440 (7086): 918-921. Bibcode:2006Natur. ... "Fertilization Stimulates Anaerobic Fuel Degradation of Antarctic Soils by Denitrifying Microorganisms". Environmental Science ...
The microbial degradation of cellulose and xylans requires several types of enzymes. Fungi and bacteria produces a spectrum of ... CAZypedia Consortium (December 2018). "Ten years of CAZypedia: a living encyclopedia of carbohydrate-active enzymes" (PDF). ...
International Aphid Genomics Consortium (February 2010). "Genome sequence of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum". PLOS Biology. ... Campbell MA, Łukasik P, Simon C, McCutcheon JP (November 2017). "Idiosyncratic Genome Degradation in a Bacterial Endosymbiont ... Bright M, Bulgheresi S (March 2010). "A complex journey: transmission of microbial symbionts". Nature Reviews. Microbiology. 8 ... Douglas AE (1998). "Nutritional interactions in insect-microbial symbioses: aphids and their symbiotic bacteria Buchnera". ...
... of Bacteroides ovatus and other proficient XyG-degrading Bacteroidetes as key members of the human gut microbial consortium. ... The human genome doesn't contain the genes coding for xyloglucan degradation even though xyloglucans are an important component ...
Zettler, E. R., Mincer, T. H., Amaral-Zettler, L. A., 2013, Life in the "Plastisphere": Microbial Communities on Plastic Marine ... The following table lists some microorganisms with biodegradation capacity Often times the degradation process of plastic by ... Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Archived from the original on 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2015-11-18. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Zettler, Erik R.; Mincer, Tracy J.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A. (2 July 2013). "Life in the 'Plastisphere': Microbial Communities ...
Then consortia of microbes convert the carbon dioxide and acetate to methane. Acetogenic bacteria oxidize the acids, obtaining ... Farm Ferments Microbial Fermentation Service Matt Simon (2017-09-20). "Inside the Strange Science of the Fake Meat That 'Bleeds ... In microorganisms, fermentation is the primary means of producing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by the degradation of organic ... "Microbial Fermentation". Hypertexts for biological sciences. Colorado State University. Retrieved 29 April 2018. Tortora, ...
BIMERC - the Berkeley Indoor Microbial Ecology Research Consortium. This group is focused on "understanding the microbial ... Examples include degradation of building materials, altering fluid and airflow, generating volatiles, and more. The microbiome ... Building science Microbial biogeography Microbial ecology Indoor air quality There are a growing number of research projects ... Novikova, N. D. (2004). "Review of the Knowledge of Microbial Contamination of the Russian Manned Spacecraft". Microbial ...
... and microbial origins on a mammalian glycan array to determine carbohydrate specificity and identify specific ligands. The ... glycan degradation proteins, intercellular protein transport proteins, sugar transporters, adhesion molecules, interleukins, ... The Consortium for Functional Glycomics (CFG) is a large research initiative funded in 2001 by a glue grant from the National ... implementation strategies at the consortium for functional glycomics". Glycobiology. 16 (5): 82R-90R. doi:10.1093/glycob/cwj080 ...
The methane in gas hydrates is dominantly generated by microbial consortia degrading organic matter in low oxygen environments ... methane in clathrates may be at least partially derive from thermal degradation of organic matter (e.g. petroleum generation), ... Here, the methane is isotopically light (δ13C < −60‰), which indicates that it is derived from the microbial reduction of CO2. ... Below this region of aerobic activity, anaerobic processes take over, including, successively with depth, the microbial ...
nov., isolated from a microbial consortium that degrades poly(ethlyene terephthalate)". International Journal of Systematic and ... The discovery of Ideonella sakaiensis has potential importance for the degradation of PET plastics. Prior to its discovery, the ... The entire microbial community was shown to mineralize 75% of the degraded PET into carbon dioxide once it had been initially ... The bacterium was isolated from a consortium of microorganisms in the sediment sample, including protozoa and yeast-like cells ...
November 2011). "Meta-omic characterization of the marine invertebrate microbial consortium that produces the chemotherapeutic ... promotes degradation of RNA polymerase II, and generates DNA double-strand breaks. In September 2020, the European Medicines ... a microbial symbiont of the tunicate. The Spanish company PharmaMar licensed the compound from the University of Illinois ...
UniProt Consortium. Retrieved 21 January 2015. UniProt Consortium. "P06702- S10A9_HUMAN". www.uniprot.org. UniProt Consortium. ... Calprotectin is useful as a marker, as it is resistant to enzymatic degradation, and can be easily measured in faeces. Although ... Brophy MB, Nolan EM (March 2015). "Manganese and microbial pathogenesis: sequestration by the Mammalian immune system and ... UniProt Consortium. Retrieved 21 January 2015. UniProt Consortium. "P31725- S10A9_MOUSE". www.uniprot.org. UniProt Consortium. ...
Microbial gastrointestinal flora in a variety of animals have shown potential for the production of biofuels. Recent research ... Routes to Biorenewable Fuels from Lipids for the National Alliance of Advanced Biofuels and Bio-products NAAB Consortium" (PDF) ... no storage stability problems and no susceptibility to microbial attack.[26] ...
Global Environmental Change - Microbial Contributions, Microbial Solutions (PDF), American Society For Microbiology, May 2006. ... a former member of the National Science Board and current executive director of the National Physical Science Consortium, ...
MiRNA pathway in cytoplasm binds to Ago1-RISC complex and functions as a template for viral RNA degradation. Last one is piRNA ... International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium (October 2004). "Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome". ... and each type of T cell is specially equipped to deal with each unique toxin or microbial pathogen. The type of T cell ...
The FlyBase Consortium. Retrieved 26 March 2019.. *^ Wittkopp PJ, True JR, Carroll SB (April 2002). "Reciprocal functions of ... The mother puts feces on the egg sacs to establish the same microbial composition in the larvae's guts that has worked ... Mechanistically, nephrocytes endocytose Lys-type PGN from systemic circulation and route it to lysosomes for degradation.[119] ... Although the fly's transcriptional response to microbial challenge is highly specific to individual pathogens, Drosophila ...
Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium.. *^ Higes, Mariano; Martín-Hernández, Raquel; Garrido-Bailón, ... It is conjectured that Dicistroviridae, like the IAPV, cause degradation of the ribosomes, which are responsible for protein ... of Texas in Austin found that commonly used antibiotics found in beekeeping to prevent disease lower the gut microbial levels ... As of 1 March 2007[update], the Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium (MAAREC) offered the following ...
The A. pisum genome on the other hand, contains 66 amino acid biosynthesis genes and 93 amino acid degradation genes. Both A. ... In 2010, the International Aphid Genomics Consortium published an annotated draft sequence of the pea aphid genome composed of ... Series B: Biological Sciences 253, 167-171 Douglas, A.E. (1998) Nutritional interactions in insect-microbial symbioses: Aphids ... CABI, 2007). The International Aphid Genomics Consortium (2010). "Genome Sequence of the Pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum". PLoS ...
"Meta-omic characterization of the marine invertebrate microbial consortium that produces the chemotherapeutic natural product ... promotes degradation of RNA polymerase II, and generates DNA double-strand breaks.[15] ... a microbial symbiont of the tunicate.[4] The Spanish company PharmaMar licensed the compound from the University of Illinois ...
Ishtiaq Ali, Muhammad (2011). Microbial degradation of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PDF) (Ph.D.). Quaid-i-Azam University. pp. ... Methanogenic consortia degrade styrene, using it as a carbon source.[54] Pseudomonas putida can convert styrene oil into ... Ishtiaq Ali, Muhammad (2011). Microbial degradation of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PDF) (Ph.D.). Quaid-i-Azam University. p. ... Ishtiaq Ali, Muhammad (2011). Microbial degradation of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PDF) (Ph.D.). Quaid-i-Azam University. p. ...
The genome of this species of mosquito was sequenced and analyzed by a consortium including scientists at The Institute for ... The chemicals associated with the microbial stew are far more stimulating to discerning female mosquitoes than plain or ... in water containers that have the correct amounts of specific fatty acids associated with bacteria involved in the degradation ...
... and that the degradation of the planet's ecosystems would become a major barrier to achieving the Millennium Development Goals ... "Marine ecosystems break down organic waste through microbial communities that filter water, reduce/limit the effects of ... The ARIES Consortium. *Ecosystem Marketplace. *Plan Vivo: an operational model for Payments for Ecosystem Services ...
"Sodium Perborate REACH Consortium" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-06-07.. *^ Douglass F. Taber. "Oxidizing agents: Sodium perborate". ... Production and degradation reactions of chloramines". Bulletin de la Societe Chimique de France. 4: 512-21. doi:10.1002/ ... Rather than acting in an inhibitory or toxic fashion in the manner of antibiotics, bleach quickly reacts with microbial cells ...
MicrobialEdit. Bacteria such as Bacillus pasteurii, Bacillus pseudofirmus, Bacillus cohnii, Sporosarcina pasteuri, and ... was achieved in 1992 by joint Japanese and South Korean consortiums Hazama Corporation and the Samsung C&T Corporation for the ... DegradationEdit. Main article: Concrete degradation. Concrete spalling caused by the corrosion of rebar ... "Biofilm and Microbial Applications in Biomineralized Concrete". Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. ...
Degradation[edit]. Polystyrene is chemically very inert, being resistant to acids and bases but is easily dissolved by many ... Methanogenic consortia have been shown to degrade styrene as sole carbon source (Grbić-Galić et al. 1990). In this case styrene ... the microbial approach". Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. 38 (2): 308-320. doi:10.1080/07388551.2017.1355293.. ... This is an order of magnitude faster than the most rapid rate of polystyrene degradation identified (Kaplan et al. 1979, ...
Consortium on Health Ageing: Network of Cohorts in Europe the United States) (June 2014). "Vitamin D and mortality: meta- ... Idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia is caused by a mutation of the CYP24A1 gene, leading to a reduction in the degradation of ... When synthesized by monocyte-macrophages, calcitriol acts locally as a cytokine, modulating body defenses against microbial ... analysis of individual participant data from a large consortium of cohort studies from Europe and the United States". BMJ. 348 ...
"Toxicity assessment and microbial degradation of azo dyes". Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 44, August 2006, pp. ... Scott Nova of the Worker Rights Consortium, a rights advocacy group, claimed that auditors, some of whom were paid by the ... This was due to their high stability in light and washing as well as resistance to microbial activity. The toxic effects of ... the Worker Rights Consortium (WRC), and the Maquila Solidarity Network (MSN) contacted many of the RMG international buyers and ...
Based on the relative degradation of the molecule along with analytical results, it has been postulated that degradation of 2,4 ... Note that enzymatic or microbial action could be regulated through feedback inhibition-the final product in the series inhibits ... often known as a consortium) is utilized. The reaction in figure 2 shows the reductive debromination of 2,4,6-tribromophenol (2 ... The mechanisms of degradation include utilization of the compound as carbon source for energy, cometabolite, or as an electron ...
Of specific interest is the production and degradation of surfactants (surface active materials) via microbial biochemical ... "Symbiosis insights through metagenomic analysis of a microbial consortium" (PDF). Nature. 443 (7114): 950-955. Bibcode: ... Microbial mats of coexisting bacteria and archaea were the dominant form of life in the early Archean Eon and many of the major ... Microbial mat fossils have been found in 3.48 billion-year-old sandstone in Western Australia. Past species have also left ...
Microbial consortia perform a wide variety of ecosystem services necessary for plant growth, including fixing atmospheric ... These included glycosaminoglycan degradation in the gut, as well as phosphate and amino acid transport linked to host phenotype ... This process is dependent upon microbial consortia(association) that transform the cellulose into sugars, followed by the ... Others have characterized inter-microbial interactions between the resident microbial groups. A GUI-based comparative ...
No microbial activity has been seen in deep oil reservoirs hotter than 80°C, and the limit may be as low as 60°C in deeply ... Nitrate can be produced by degradation of organic matter or nitrogen fixation. Oxygen and nitrate are derived from ... In the sulfate-methane transition zone (SMTZ), anaerobic methanotrophic (ANME) archaea form consortia with sulfate-reducing ... Understanding of microbial life at depth was extended beyond the realm of oceanography to earth sciences (and even astrobiology ...
Different inocula produce distinctive microbial consortia with similar lignocellulose degradation capacity. Cortes-Tolalpa, L ... as well as their associated degradation capacity and enzymatic activities. Overall, the microbial consortia developed well on ... straw by microbial consortia generated from three different microbial inoculum sources, i.e., forest soil, canal sediment and ... Clearly, inoculum source was the key determinant of the composition of the final microbial degrader consortia, yet with varying ...
Degradation rates were nearly 1.478 mg MTBE h¯1 g¯1 (wet biomass) and didnt change with MTBE concentration (up 500 mg L¯1). ... Degradation was determined by MTBE removal. MTBE biodegradation was depended to Dissolved Oxygen (DO) concentration and not ... This consortium was developed from mixed urban and petrochemical activated sludge after 4 months enrichment. Enrichment was ...
Characterization of Microbial consortia for keratin degradation processes. *Falco, Francesco Cristino (PhD Student) ... Microbial degradation of keratin-rich porcine by-products for protein hydrolysate production: a process engineering perspective ...
... rate and range of hydrocarbon degradation in diesel oil by microorganisms appears to be the lack of ability of most microbial ... alkB/DH5α promotes the earlier degradation of diesel oil by the consortium and markedly improved the degradation ratio. The ... Figure 6 Effect of pCom8-GPo1 alkB/DH5α on the degradation of diesel oil by the bacterial consortium. The error bars are the ... The effects of different proportions of the consortium and pCom8-GPo1 alkB/DH5α on the degradation ratio of diesel oil were ...
Degradation of atrazine by microbial consortium in an anaerobic submerged biological filter Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6- ... Factors affecting the performance of a single-chamber microbial fuel cell-type biological oxygen demand sensor Microbial fuel ... We developed a simple, low-cost single-chamber microbial fuel cell (SCMFC)-type biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) sensor using ... Biological treatment processes give relatively poor pollutant removal efficiencies in cold regions because microbial activity ...
Overlapping recognition determinants within the ssrA degradation tag allow modulation of proteolysis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. ... Engineering microbial consortia: A new frontier in synthetic biology. Trends Biotechnol. 26, 483-489 (2008). doi:10.1016/j. ... Emergent genetic oscillations in a synthetic microbial consortium. By Ye Chen, Jae Kyoung Kim, Andrew J. Hirning, Krešimir ... Emergent genetic oscillations in a synthetic microbial consortium. By Ye Chen, Jae Kyoung Kim, Andrew J. Hirning, Krešimir ...
Fuchs G, Boll M, Heider J (2011) Microbial degradation of aromatic compounds-from one strategy to four. Nat Rev 9:803-816Google ... The consortium was cultured in the presence or absence of roxarsone. Roxarsone degradation and growth kinetics were determined ... I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting. Environ Sci Technol 37:1509-1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Roxarsone Arsenic Biotransformation Soil Bacterial consortium This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access ...
Consortium members have extensive experience working in the northern Gulf of Mexico and are uniquely qualified to study the ... Aggregation and Degradation of Dispersants and Oil by Microbial Exopolymers (ADDOMEx). Vision and Mission: While it is known ... to investigate the role of microbial EPS production for aggregation/degradation/dispersion of oil/dispersant using roller table ... Consortium Members: Led by Texas A&M University researchers from Marine Biology and Marine Science (Galveston Campus), ...
Ferry, J. G.; Wolfe, R. S. (February 1976). "Anaerobic degradation of benzoate to methane by a microbial consortium". Archives ... Syntrophic microbial food webs can play an integral role in the breakdown of organic pollutants such as oils, aromatic ... The degradation of aromatic benzoate to methane produces many intermediate compounds such as formate, acetate, CO 2 and H2. The ... Syntrophic microbial communities are key players in the breakdown of aromatic compounds, which are common pollutants. ...
... microbial ecology, and geosciences and a wealth of novel data is being collected from these different disciplinary perspectives ... Pesticide biodegradation is a soil microbial function of critical importance for modern agriculture and its environmental ... Pesticide biodegradation is a soil microbial function of critical importance for modern agriculture and its environmental ... Fungal-bacterial consortia increase diuron degradation in water-unsaturated systems. Sci. Total Environ. 466-467, 699-705. doi ...
The microbial consortium of the fire sponge. Rapid Assessment of Ichthyofauna Assemblages in Bermudas Mesophotic Zone ... Microbial degradation of Lignin. The abundance of archaea and bacteria at the BATS site ...
It is characterized by complete tissue degradation due to a pathogenic microbial consortium. The mat is present between ... The black band disease microbial consortium is structurally and functionally identical to cyanobacterial-dominated microbial ... The black band microbial consortium consists of an assortment of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic bacteria that co-exist ... The pathogenic microbial mat moves across coral colonies at rates from 3 millimeters (0.12 in) to 1 centimeter (0.4 in) a day. ...
Michael Roggenbuck, Novozymes A/S, Denmark: "Accessing the functional potential of microbial consortia isolated from exotic ... Deni Ribicic, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway: "From simple to complex degradation of hydrocarbons. A ... Simone Balzer Le, SINTEF, Norway: "Comparison of different strategies to establish stable microbial consortia for the ... Michael Roggenbuck, Novozymes A/S, Denmark: "Accessing the functional potential of microbial consortia isolated from exotic ...
Degradation of crude oil by an arctic microbial consortium. Extremophiles 9 (6), 461 - 470. full text (doi) ... Microbial interactions during residual oil and n-fatty acid metabolism by a methanogenic consortium. Environ. Microbiol. Rep. 4 ... Anaerobic microbial degradation of hydrocarbons: from enzymatic reactions to the environment. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 26 ... Characterisation of microbial in situ degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons. In: Magar, V.S., Vogel, T.M., Aelion, C.M., Leeson ...
Jonas, Rainer; Farah, Luiz F. (1998). "Production and application of microbial cellulose". Polymer Degradation and Stability. ... Jarrell J, Cal T, Bennett JW (2000). "The Kombucha Consortia of yeasts and bacteria". Mycologist. 14 (4): 166-170. doi:10.1016/ ... "A live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance."[59] ... "live microbial feed supplement which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance." He ...
Degradation of biphenyl by methanogenic microbial consortium. *M. R. Natarajan, W.-M. Wu, Robert Sanford, Mahendra Kumar Jain ...
Also, information on molecular mechanisms and pathways of hydrocarbon degradation in high salinity is scarce and only recently ... This article focuses on our growing understanding of bacteria and archaea responsible for the degradation of hydrocarbons under ... Despite rapid advances in understanding microbial taxa that degrade hydrocarbons under aerobic conditions, not much is known ... Despite rapid advances in understanding microbial taxa that degrade hydrocarbons under aerobic conditions, not much is known ...
... of colorectal cancer datasets identifies cross-cohort microbial diagnostic signatures and a link with choline degradation Nat ... 19 German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.. *20 Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic ... whereas the stachyose and starch degradation pathways were associated with controls. Predictive microbiome signatures for CRC ...
The continuous degradation of organic matter results in the production of reduced co-enzymes which if the concentrations of ... Firkins J F 2010 Reconsidering rumen microbial consortia to enhance feed efficiency and reduce environmental impact of ruminant ... The Rumen - a fermentation vat or a series of organized structured microbial consortia: implications for the mitigation of ... The close proximity of microbial species and enzymes appears to allow microbial cells to achieve a maximum net gain rate. ...
2013) Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by microbial consortia enriched from three soils using two different ... 2008) Engineering microbial consortia: A new frontier in synthetic biology. Trends Biotechnol 26:483-489. ... 2015) Distributing a metabolic pathway among a microbial consortium enhances production of natural products. Nat Biotechnol 33: ... 2009) Enhancing biodegradation of wastewater by microbial consortia with fractional factorial design. J Hazard Mater 171:948- ...
1 Malathion degradation. *1 Membrane bioreactor. *1 Membrane fouling. *1 Microbial consortium ...
Quantifying the effect of microbial consortium and alfalfa to accelerate the degradation of oily sludge ... present in high concentration in oily sludge were observed when microbial consortium was added to such soil.. ... Remarkable differences in the percentage of degradation of n-alkanes (nC13 to nC29) ...
Ghosh PK, Philip L (2004) Atrazine degradation in anaerobic environment by a mixed microbial consortium. Water Res 38:2277-2284 ... Consequences of Microbial Interactions with Hydrocarbons, Oils, and Lipids: Biodegradation and Bioremediation pp 1-15 , Cite as ... Shi SN, Zhang XW, Ma F, Sun TH, Li A, Zhou JT, Qu YY (2013) Cometabolic degradation of dibenzofuran by Comamonas sp MQ. Process ... Gu C, Wang J, Liu SS, Liu GF, Lu H, Jin RF (2016) Biogenic Fenton-like reaction involvement in cometabolic degradation of ...
strain SO1A microbial microbial microbial , Pseudomonas sp. strains consortium consortium consortium , PF4, PF12, FB1024 ... MBT and some of its degradation products are known to be toxic to humans and other organisms (Whittaker et al., 2004, Nawrocki ... MBT is very resistant to biodegradation, and many of its degradation products are also recalcitrant. De Wever et al. (2001) ... Another pathway for MBT degradation has been described (shown on the left below; enzymes are postulated) (Haroune et al., 2004 ...
A benzene-degrading nitrate-reducing microbial consortium displays aerobic and anaerobic benzene degradation pathways. ... Microbial Communities in Sediments From Four Mildly Acidic Ephemeral Salt Lakes in the Yilgarn Craton (Australia) - Terrestrial ... Taxonomic and Functional Characterization of the Microbial Community During Spontaneous in vitro Fermentation of Riesling Must. ... Comparative genomics of human Lactobacillus crispatus isolates reveals genes for glycosylation and glycogen degradation: ...
A few researchers studied 4CNB degradation by a consortium of selected bacteria [33, 61]. For example, Zhang et al. [61] ... Microbial Degradation of PCNB. Earlier studies of PCNB biodegradation showed anaerobic degradation of PCNB [70, 71]. Murthy and ... Microbial Degradation of NBDs. Many microorganisms have been characterized for their ability to degrade NBDs [29-34]. Microbial ... we describe microbial degradation of nitrobenzene, chloronitrobenzenes, polynitrobenzenes, and PCNB.. 3.1. Microbial ...
Biogranulation: self-immobilised microbial consortia for high performance liquid waste remediation. BARC Newslatter, vol. 254, ... The degradation of organic additives is seen in the spectra of UV-Vis molecular absorption, shown in Figure 3, where bands are ... Photoelectrochemical degradation of humic acid on a (TiO)0.7(RuO). 220.3 dimensionally stable anode. AppliedCatalisys.B ... b) Total organic carbon degradation. TOCt/TOC0 ratio in the PEO of organic matter as a function of current density to treated ...
After 15 days of incubation, the microbial community structure was analyzed. The bacterial 16S rRNA gene clone library showed ... to rapid and accurate strategies for monitoring and identification of bacteria and catabolic genes involved in the degradation ... indicate that the enriched bacterial consortium shares the metabolic functionality between different members of the microbial ... that the most represented phylogenetic group within the consortium was affiliated with the phylum Firmicutes. Among them, known ...
and construction of a microbial consortium that completely metabolizes carbaryl. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:744-750. ... 1981) Enhanced microbial degradation of carbofuran in soils with histories of furadan use. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 26: ... However, little is known of the plasmid-mediated degradation of carbamate pesticides. Our interest has been the degradation of ... 1972) Degradation of sevin (1-naphthyl-N-methylcarbamate) by Achromobacter sp. Arch. Microbiol. 87:353-358. ...
  • To facilitate the biodegradation of diesel oil, an oil biodegradation bacterial consortium was constructed. (scielo.br)
  • The culture of the recombinant (pCom8-GPo1 alkB/E. coli DH5α) with the oil biodegradation bacterial consortium increased the degradation ratio of diesel oil at 24 h from 31% to 50%, and the facilitation rates were increased as the proportion of pCom8-GPo1 alkB / E. coli DH5α to the consortium increased. (scielo.br)
  • Pesticide biodegradation is a soil microbial function of critical importance for modern agriculture and its environmental impact. (frontiersin.org)
  • Overall, studying the spatial heterogeneity of pesticide biodegradation is a relatively new field at the interface of agronomy, microbial ecology, and geosciences and a wealth of novel data is being collected from these different disciplinary perspectives. (frontiersin.org)
  • MBT is very resistant to biodegradation, and many of its degradation products are also recalcitrant. (ethz.ch)
  • In natural ecosystems, biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass is usually accomplished by intricate consortia of diverse microorganisms rather than individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In comparison to other previous works which reported biodegradation of pre-oxidized polyethylene, we investigated biodegradation of non-oxidized LMWPE whose Mw was well above the Mw upper limit penetrable through microbial membrane. (omicsonline.org)
  • How these factors affect hydrocarbon degradation and their implications for the assessment of hydrocarbon biodegradation in hypersaline environments are presented in this review. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Experiments with a continuous flow, fixed-film bioreactor seeded with native microorganisms in groundwater from the wetland area showed both aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation of dichlorobenzenes, monochlorobenzene, and benzene, although monochlorobenzene and benzene degradation rates decreased under anaerobic conditions compared to aerobic conditions. (usgs.gov)
  • Significant growth and effectiveness of hydrocarbon biodegradation of the bacterial consortium examined bacterial strains and their mixtures in both were observed after 5, 10 and 15 days of degradation. (thescipub.com)
  • The aims of the current study was to isolate and identify PAHs-degrading bacteria from surface sediments of Nayband Bay and to evaluate the efficiency of statistically based experimental design for the optimization of phenanthrene (Phe) and Fluorene (Flu) biodegradation performed by enriched consortium. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Taguchi L 16 (4 5 ) was employed to evaluate the optimum biodegradation of Phe and Flu by the enriched consortium. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Results showed that the strain of Bacillus sp KJ629314 has a high potential in the biodegradation of diesel at the evaluated concentrations, and it was demonstrated that the removal efficiency was greater at low concentrations of diesel obtaining higher values for the microbial growth and diesel biodegradation rate constants. (scielo.org.mx)
  • I followed this work with a Wellcome Trust Fellowship and extended my molecular microbial ecology interest to investigate, using culture independent methods, the diversity and distribution of genes involved in biodegradation of priority pollutants. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • The limiting factor affecting the rate and range of hydrocarbon degradation in diesel oil by microorganisms appears to be the lack of ability of most microbial strains to utilize different components of diesel oil. (scielo.br)
  • Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are devices that exploit microorganisms as biocatalysts to degrade organic matter or sludge present in wastewater (WW), and thereby generate electricity. (environmental-expert.com)
  • These limited studies have clearly revealed that degradation of oxygenated and non-oxygenated hydrocarbons by halophilic and halotolerant microorganisms occur by pathways similar to those found in non-halophiles. (frontiersin.org)
  • In nature, plant biomass degradation is mediated mostly by lignocellulolytic microorganisms, which have evolved distinct enzymatic systems for complex polysaccharide degradation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Effective Microorganism (EM) is the consortia of beneficial and naturally occurring microorganisms which are not chemically synthesized or genetically modified. (teraganix.com)
  • Prospects for Thermophilic Microorganisms in Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) (E.T. Premuzic and M.S. Lin). (elsevier.com)
  • On the other hand, literature about hydrocarbon degradation by halophilic and halotolerant microorganisms is still scarce, notwithstanding the importance of this subject for several issues related to petroleum industry: reclamation of oil and brine impacted soils, remediation of oil polluted hypersaline lakes, treatment of oily hypersaline wastewater and hydrocarbon degradation processes in hypersaline petroleum reservoirs. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The study revealed the maximum phenol removal of 82 ± 2.4%, total dissolved solids (TDS) removal of 68 ± 1.5%, and power generation of 10.2 mW/m 2 using INC-B. The synergistic interactions between microorganisms, can enhance the toxic phenol degradation and also electricity generation in MDC for onsite wastewater application. (iwaponline.com)
  • The strategies used by these model organisms and by additional halophilic microorganisms presented are then compared to obtain an integrative picture of the adaptations to life at high salt concentrations in the microbial world. (deepdyve.com)
  • compatible solutes, ion metabolism, halophilic, halotolerant, diversity, hypersaline ecosystems OSMOTIC ADAPTATION IN MICROORGANISMS: BASIC PRINCIPLES Microbial life at high salt concentrations is phylogenetically very diverse. (deepdyve.com)
  • A unique approach for the degradation of organophosphorus pesticide dimethoate in aqueous media with effective, microorganisms (EM) was investigated. (globalsciencebooks.info)
  • Information about microbial degradation of chlorinated ethenes has been almost exclusively derived from microorganisms obtained from contaminated environments. (nature.com)
  • Fermenting microorganisms play a central role in the anaerobic degradation of organic matter as they are key-players in substrate breakdown. (jove.com)
  • Microorganisms rarely live in isolation, but are most often found in a consortium. (agresearch.co.nz)
  • The vegetable oil provides the carbon stimulating microorganisms to degrade contaminants that serve as microbial electron acceptors. (usda.gov)
  • We formed biobarriers in sand filled columns by coating the sand with soybean oil, inoculated the barriers with a consortium of atrazine degrading microorganisms, and evaluated the ability of the barriers to remove atrazine from a simulated groundwater containing 1 mg L-1 atrazine. (usda.gov)
  • Microbial Ecology is a dedicated international forum for the presentation of high-quality scientific investigations of how microorganisms interact with their environment, with each other and with their hosts. (springer.com)
  • Historically, the emphasis has been on demonstrating the role of microbes in degradation, isolating the organisms involved, and determining the underlying degradation pathways and their genetic determinants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Also, information on molecular mechanisms and pathways of hydrocarbon degradation in high salinity is scarce and only recently there have been a few reports describing genes, enzymes and breakdown steps for some hydrocarbons. (frontiersin.org)
  • Meta-analysis of the microbiome functional potential identified gluconeogenesis and the putrefaction and fermentation pathways as being associated with CRC, whereas the stachyose and starch degradation pathways were associated with controls. (nih.gov)
  • Metabolic pathways are often engineered in single microbial populations. (pnas.org)
  • These criteria can help guide engineering of metabolic pathways and have implications for understanding evolution of natural microbial communities. (pnas.org)
  • The degradation pathways for these two metabolites appear to be similar and may share enzymatic machinery. (ethz.ch)
  • The metabolic conversion of organophosphates to CO 2 and H 2 O (i.e., complete mineralization) is carried out through three main processes such as degradation, conjugation, and rearrangements that involves reactions like oxidation, hydrolysis, and reduction, all mediated through the enzyme-mediated pathways. (springer.com)
  • In situ microcosms that were unamended except for the addition of 13 C-labeled contaminants in some treatments, confirmed that the native microbial community was able to biodegrade the higher chlorinated benzenes through reductive dechlorination and that 1,2-dichlorobenzene, chlorobenzene, and benzene could be degraded to carbon dioxide through oxidation pathways. (usgs.gov)
  • The study, published in Microbiome , integrates cultivation-dependent and -independent approaches to unveil chitin degradation pathways across diverse marine bacteria. (scoop.it)
  • The presence of hydroxyatrazine in the barrier effluents indicated that dehalogenation was one of the pathways of atrazine degradation. (usda.gov)
  • Degradation rates were nearly 1.478 mg MTBE h¯ 1 g¯ 1 (wet biomass) and didn't change with MTBE concentration (up 500 mg L¯ 1 ). (scialert.net)
  • Since about 1980 there has been an emerging realization that possibly as high as 80-90% of the rumen microbial biomass is present as associated and interactive colonies in biofilms on both inert and insoluble organic matter in the rumen and that the planktonic cells play little role in feed digestion. (lrrd.org)
  • Microbial consortia represent promising candidates for aiding in the development of plant biomass conversion strategies for biofuel production. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our findings provide insights into the mechanism by which consortium members orchestrate their array of enzymes to degrade complex lignocellulosic biomass. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our current approaches of developing more efficient enzyme cocktails and improving biomass conversion rely largely on expanding our knowledge on the microbial degradation and utilization of plant biomass. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study identifies the taxa contributing to the flow of seep-derived carbon through microbial mat biomass, revealing the bacterial and eukaryotic diversity of these remarkable ecosystems. (osti.gov)
  • The complex microbiome of the rumen functions as an effective system for the conversion of plant cell wall biomass to microbial protein, short chain fatty acids, and gases. (pnas.org)
  • 2014. Long-Term land use influences soil microbial biomass P and S, phosphatase and arylsulfatase activities, and S mineralization in a Brazilian oxiso l. (osu.edu)
  • In SC Biosystems, VOC-laden air from the process exhaust stream is fed to the system where the solvent-laden air is then either humidified or the solvents are scrubbed to the liquid phase before being contacted with a selected, high efficiency biomass which carries out the VOC degradation to carbon dioxide and water. (edie.net)
  • In nature, such as in compost habitats, microbial communities efficiently degrade the available plant biomass using a diverse set of synergistic enzymes. (york.ac.uk)
  • Most current methodologies used to screen for enzymes involved in plant biomass degradation are based on the use of single substrates. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The key step of hydrocarbon degradation is the addition of one and sometimes two oxygen atoms to the hydrocarbon molecule, which is then converted to an alkanol (in the case of aliphatic hydrocarbons) or a phenol (in the case of aromatic molecules) ( Yong and Zhong, 2010 ). (scielo.br)
  • Our Vision is to understand how the presence of hydrocarbons triggers production of exopolymeric substances (EPS) that may protect organisms from the oil, emulsify the oil, or both, therefore altering its degradation. (tamug.edu)
  • This article focuses on our growing understanding of bacteria and archaea responsible for the degradation of hydrocarbons under aerobic conditions in moderate to high salinity conditions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite rapid advances in understanding microbial taxa that degrade hydrocarbons under aerobic conditions, not much is known about organisms that carry out similar processes in anaerobic conditions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Anaerobic Microbial Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons (D. Grbic-Galic). (elsevier.com)
  • The microbial degradation of individual hydrocarbons has been well characterized, however, the community dynamics within a system degrading a complex pollutant such as diesel fuel are still poorly understood. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Identification of cyclopentylpropionate suggests further degradation of cyclopentylsuccinate via C-skeleton rearrangement and decarboxylation and thereby the possibility that the "n-alkane degradation pathway" could in principle also be applicable for anaerobic degradation of alicyclic hydrocarbons. (asmscience.org)
  • Despite the fact that microbial ability to metabolize hydrocarbons is found in extreme hypersaline media, indeed some factors are critical for the occurrence of hydrocarbon degradation in such environments. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Where the hydrocarbons are chlorinated the degradation takes place as a secondary or co-metabolic process rather than a primary metabolic process. (eco-web.com)
  • This study provides a comprehensive understanding of the role of Bt AOA in PCP degradation and its potential exploitation for bioremediation of other xenobiotic compounds. (springer.com)
  • Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Bioremediation of steel plant wastewater and enhanced electricity generation in microbial desalination cell' and will not need an account to access the content. (iwaponline.com)
  • In order to implement bioremediation approach, proper understanding of microbial metabolism of these organophosphates compounds is of extreme importance. (springer.com)
  • Molecular characterization revealed the presence of different bacterial groups, being alphaproteobacteria and firmicutes the groups that showed the highest count in both consortiums. (springer.com)
  • Taxonomic and Functional Characterization of the Microbial Community During Spontaneous in vitro Fermentation of Riesling Must. (nih.gov)
  • The biochemical and molecular characterization of the microbial degradation of NBDs has also been studied. (hindawi.com)
  • However, synthetic microbial consortia could provide a means of engineering population-level phenotypes that are difficult to obtain with single strains ( 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • To date, the same degradation pathway (the lin pathway) has been implicated in all strains characterized, although the pathway has only been characterized intensively in two strains and for only a single HCH isomer. (g3journal.org)
  • The three new strains each yielded a distinct set of metabolites during their degradation of HCH isomers. (g3journal.org)
  • This study identifies a number of strains that are in the early stages of lin pathway acquisition and shows that the state of the pathway can explain the degradation patterns observed. (g3journal.org)
  • Sequence mining and comparative analysis of the metabolic reconstruction of the Bt AOA genome with closely related strains suggests that the operon encoding the first two enzymes in the PCP degradation pathway were acquired from a pre-existing pterin-carbinolamine dehydratase subsystem. (springer.com)
  • Total of six gram-negative bacterial strains including Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus , Roseovarius pacificus , Pseudidiomarina sediminum and 3 unidentified strains were isolated from enrichment consortium, using Fluorene (Flu) and phenanthrene (Phe) as the sole carbon and energy source. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 16S rDNA analysis revealed the presence of five dominant microbial strains including Pseudomonas sp. (queensu.ca)
  • Some bifidobacterial strains demonstrated preferential degradation of oligofructose in that sugars with low degree of polymerization (DP) (DP ≤ 3 or 4) were metabolized before sugars of higher DP, or vice versa. (agresearch.co.nz)
  • As a consequence, pesticide degradation-whether partial transformation or complete mineralization to elemental substances-by soil microbes has received ongoing attention from microbiologists over the last 60 years. (frontiersin.org)
  • Recently, plasmids involved in pesticide degradation have also been recognized by several investigations, and the genes for the degradation of phenmedipham ( 22 ), EPTC ( 26 ), carbofuran ( 9 , 21 , 28 ), bromoxynil ( 24 ), and parathion ( 19 ) were identified on the plasmids. (asm.org)
  • However, the precise conditions for this pesticide degradation were not fully understood. (globalsciencebooks.info)
  • pesticide degradation. (ejbiotechnology.info)
  • The principal component is straw due to its positive effects on biological activity and thus pesticide degradation. (ejbiotechnology.info)
  • Designed and characterized a novel bioreactor system allowing for improved efficiency of benzene degradation by a defined microbial consortia using polymers as partitioning agents. (openwetware.org)
  • Hence, our Mission is to develop a process-based understanding of the role that EPS, micro-gels, and transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) play in the fate of oil (e.g., degradation, dispersion, or sedimentation) and, in addition, how the dispersant Corexit affects these processes. (tamug.edu)
  • Syntrophy plays an important role in a large number of microbial processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent developments in molecular-biology-based techniques have led to rapid and accurate strategies for monitoring and identification of bacteria and catabolic genes involved in the degradation of xenobiotics, key processes to follow up the activities in situ . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The associate professor in earth and planetary sciences at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and her team have made new discoveries about bacterial diversity and oil degradation processes never before seen in marshes-and thanks to a new grant, their work can continue. (phys.org)
  • The next stage of research will examine microbial oil and organic matter decomposition processes, and how microbial cycling of the oil may impact the coastal food webs. (phys.org)
  • All of these processes utilize microbial processes in degradation process. (eco-web.com)
  • The co-culture technology has also been utilized in industrial processes such as food processing and waste degradation. (iastate.edu)
  • Mercury poisoning shows the biological processes rather than abiotic processes were a major part of the degradation process. (usda.gov)
  • An interesting approach is to use lignocellulose-degrading microbial communities by using different environmental sources of microbial inocula. (rug.nl)
  • Here, we addressed this question by verifying the lignocellulose degradation potential of wheat (Triticum aestivum) straw by microbial consortia generated from three different microbial inoculum sources, i.e., forest soil, canal sediment and decaying wood. (rug.nl)
  • This confirmed that, although the overall lignocellulose degradation was similar, each consortium had a unique enzyme activity pattern. (rug.nl)
  • 2018). Substrate shift reveals roles for members of bacterial consortia in lignocellulose degradation. (txstate.edu)
  • Metatranscriptomic studies of microbial communities can unveil the metabolic functions employed by lignocellulolytic consortia and identify new biocatalysts that could improve industrial lignocellulose conversion. (york.ac.uk)
  • Lignocellulose constitutes an abundant organic material that is recalcitrant to degradation. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Microbial Ecology of Corrosion and Reservoir Souring (D.W.S. Westlake). (elsevier.com)
  • The partnership between biotechnology and the conceptual framework of microbial ecology ( 41, 69 ) provides a golden opportunity for bioprospection of these unexplored environments. (scielo.org.ar)
  • At this point I developed an interest in the contribution of uncultured microbes to the maintenance and function of "natural" ecosystems i.e. molecular microbial ecology. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Brenda graduated from UCL with an MEng in Biochemical Engineering, having spent her final year at the California Institute of Technology where she specialised in microbial ecology and environmental biotechnology. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • It has evolved to become a premier location for the presentation of manuscripts that represent advances in the field of microbial ecology. (springer.com)
  • microbial population, community ecology, technological developments and more. (springer.com)
  • We constructed two genetically distinct populations of Escherichia coli to create a bacterial consortium that exhibits robust, synchronized transcriptional oscillations that are absent if either strain is grown in isolation. (sciencemag.org)
  • My research focuses on the application of microbial genomics, comparative genomics and metagenomic approaches to the study of host-bacteria interactions and the microbial populations colonizing the human body. (umaryland.edu)
  • Microbial community analyses of sediment showed relatively high cell numbers and diversity of populations ( Dehalococcoides , Dehalobacter , Desulfitobacterium , and Geobacter ) that are known to contain species capable of reductive dechlorination, confirming groundwater geochemistry evidence of the occurrence of reductive dechlorination. (usgs.gov)
  • Microbial consortia, composed of multiple interacting microbial populations, can carry out complicated tasks that are more challenging for individual populations to perform. (iastate.edu)
  • 3.3 Are microbial populations in the environment affected by triclosan? (greenfacts.org)
  • However, we did find significant differences in the metabolic diversities per consortium: in wood-derived consortia cellobiohydrolases prevailed, in soil-derived ones beta-glucosidases, and in sediment-derived ones several activities. (rug.nl)
  • Isolates recovered from the consortia showed considerable metabolic diversities across the consortia. (rug.nl)
  • The metabolic profile of the consortium did not change in the presence of roxarsone, but it showed a greater ability to oxidize amines, suggesting production of functional amines to decrease the stability of the aromatic ring resonance energy, the principal problem associated with aromatic compounds degradation. (springer.com)
  • The overall data indicate that the enriched bacterial consortium shares the metabolic functionality between different members of the microbial community and is characterized by a high functional redundancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ethanol detected from the experimental runs could not be conclusively attributed to gut consortia metabolic activity. (wits.ac.za)
  • p-Nitrophenol Degradation Characteristics of Hydroxyquinol 1,2-Dioxygenase Gene (pnpC) Knock-out Mutant of Pseudomonas putida DLL-E4. (cnki.com.cn)
  • The VFA are absorbed from the upper part of the digestive tract and the microbial cells provide essential nutrients such as amino acids, when they are digested by intestinal enzymes on wash out from the rumen. (lrrd.org)
  • In particular, a wide range of xylan degradation-related enzymes, including xylanases, β-xylosidases, α- l -arabinofuranosidases, α-glucuronidases and acetyl xylan esterases, were secreted by diverse members from Firmicutes during growth on corn stover. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These results demonstrate that the corn stover-adapted microbial consortium EMSD5 harbors a variety of lignocellulolytic anaerobic bacteria and degradative enzymes, especially those implicated in hemicellulose decomposition. (biomedcentral.com)
  • E4 plays a central role in the LMWPE degradation even in the absence of the other specific enzymes like rubredoxin and rubredoxin reductase. (omicsonline.org)
  • As such, it provides a unique genetic resource for plant cell wall degrading microbial enzymes that could be used in the production of biofuels. (pnas.org)
  • In a discovery that could hold the key to safe degradation of poly(ethylene terephthalate) or PET plastics, a team of Japanese researchers, led by Shosuke Yoshida from the Kyoto Institute of Technology, has found specialised bacteria which produces plastic-eating enzymes. (org.in)
  • The microbial consortium in our product produces key extracellular enzymes including amylase, cellulase, lipase and protease for fast and effective degradation of organics. (raritaneng.com)
  • These compounds are oxidised to carbon dioxide and water by the action of microbial enzymes (biological catalysts) which allow the microbes to use the contaminants as a source of energy for cell growth. (edie.net)
  • i ) the unleashing of high-throughput DNA sequencing on degradative consortia, and/or ii ) the selection of enzymes via functional/genetic screening of metagenomic libraries produced from these consortia [ 9 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Literature on hydrocarbon degradation in extreme hypersaline media presents studies that point to a negative effect of salinity increase on hydrocarbonoclastic activity, while several others report an opposite tendency. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We selected these consortia through ten sequential-batch enrichments by dilution-to-stimulation using wheat straw as the sole carbon source. (rug.nl)
  • The growth capabilities of a diesel-degrading consortium, along with organisms isolated from a contaminated site, were investigated using molecular profiling, isolation, and physiological methods using 10 of the fuel's most abundant constituents as sole carbon sources. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Our results showed that the microbial community of the ' Ca . L. asiaticus'-infected citrus rhizosphere has shifted away from using more easily degraded sources of carbon to the more recalcitrant forms. (nature.com)
  • Over the past three years, Engel's research has uncovered fundamental changes in the types of bacterial communities associated with oil and carbon degradation. (phys.org)
  • Microcosms that were bioaugmented with the anaerobic dechlorinating consortium WBC-2 and deployed in the wetland sediments showed reductive dechlorination of tri-, di-, and monochlorobenzene, and 13 C-chlorobenzene treatments showed complete degradation of chlorobenzene to carbon dioxide under anaerobic conditions. (usgs.gov)
  • Results: In this study, a microbial community from compost was grown in minimal medium with sugarcane bagasse sugarcane bagasse as the sole carbon source. (york.ac.uk)
  • The hindgut consortium consistently gave the highest concentration of methane with an average of 0.034 moles/l of methane produced from medium AM1 (carbon sources were D-glucose and D-lactose). (wits.ac.za)
  • The sand and gravel allow for the movement of water while the vegetable oil provides a carbon substrate that stimulates microbial activity. (usda.gov)
  • Microbial activity in deeper soils and aquifers is usually limited by the availability of carbon. (usda.gov)
  • The soybean oil provided a carbon rich and nitrogen poor substrate to the microbial consortium. (usda.gov)
  • 2014). Comparative metagenomic analysis of coral microbial communities using a reference-independent approach. (txstate.edu)
  • We will determine and monitor the microbial community composition in different water samples using metagenomic approaches in parallel with the traditional and novel high-throughput cultivation techniques. (etis.ee)
  • Major shifts in microbial diversity and community composition across gut sections of a tropical cockroach. (txstate.edu)
  • A comprehensive functional microarray GeoChip 3.0 was used to determine the effects of ' Ca . L. asiaticus' infection on the functional diversity of rhizosphere microbial communities. (nature.com)
  • These considerations demonstrate the importance of studying the structural and functional properties of rhizosphere microbial communities and the ways in which various factors influence bacterial diversity and microbial activity. (nature.com)
  • Little is known about the structure and diversity of chitin-degrading microbial communities across marine niches. (scoop.it)
  • Wos-Oxley M, Plumeier I, von Eiff C, Taudien S, Platzer M, Vilchez-Vargas R, Becker K, Pieper DH (2010) A poke into the diversity and associations within human anterior nare microbial communities. (helmholtz-hzi.de)
  • Due to elevated chlorinated methane concentrations in the pilot test site, a layer of zero-valent iron mixed with the peat and compost was added at the base of the reactive mat to promote simultaneous abiotic and biotic degradation. (usgs.gov)
  • The goal of this study is to understand how ' Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (known to cause Huanglongbing, HLB) influences the structure and functional potential of microbial communities associated with the citrus rhizosphere. (nature.com)
  • Each final consortium encompassed bacterial/fungal communities that were distinct in composition but functionally similar, as they all revealed high substrate degradation activities. (rug.nl)
  • Syntrophic microbial communities are key players in the breakdown of aromatic compounds, which are common pollutants. (wikipedia.org)
  • There has been a gradual change in this perception as the concept of microbial communities in organized and structured systems have become recognized for the control of the complex hydrolytic breakdown of feed particles (see Costerton et al 1987). (lrrd.org)
  • Microbial Communities in Sediments From Four Mildly Acidic Ephemeral Salt Lakes in the Yilgarn Craton (Australia) - Terrestrial Analogs to Ancient Mars. (nih.gov)
  • Overall, our study provides evidence that the change in plant physiology mediated by ' Ca . L. asiaticus' infection could elicit shifts in the composition and functional potential of rhizosphere microbial communities. (nature.com)
  • In Argentina, microbial communities inhabiting marine environments remain mostly unexplored and unexploited. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Concerning the high potential risk of oil spills, the aim of the proposed project is to determine the biodegradative potential of microbial communities in the Baltic Sea water samples. (etis.ee)
  • As the Baltic Sea is one of the largest brackish environments on Earth and it is not directly open to the oceans, the microbial communities in the sea water could be very much affected by the microbes supplied from the surrounding watershead. (etis.ee)
  • Overall, the microbial consortia developed well on the substrate, with progressively-decreasing net average generation times. (rug.nl)
  • Syntrophism is a special case of symbiotic cooperation between two metabolically different types of bacteria which depend on each other for degradation of a certain substrate, typically for energetic reasons. (lrrd.org)
  • Further degradation of the aryl- or alkylsuccinates follows different routes, depending on the nature of the hydrocarbon substrate. (asmscience.org)
  • In this paper we developed a mathematical model to describe substrate consumption and subsequent microbial growth and metabolite production for bacteria grown in monoculture. (agresearch.co.nz)
  • The aim of this work was to isolate and characterize a bacterial consortium capable to degrade roxarsone under aerobic conditions. (springer.com)
  • The rumen is described, in general, as a, anaerobic microbial ecosystem containing a milieu of bacteria, archaea, protozoa, bacteriophage and phycomycetous fungi that degrade organic matter with the ultimate production of volatile fatty acids (VFA), the energy that becomes available is used for maintenance and growth of cells. (lrrd.org)
  • In conclusion our results showed that, indigenous bacteria from mangrove surface sediments of Nayband Bay have high potential to degrade Flu and Phe with the best results achieved when enriched consortium was used. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2009) demonstrated that TiO 2 -photocatalytic degradation of triclosan is mainly achieved by radicals, and these radicals can further degrade dioxin-type intermediates once they are produced in photocatalysis. (greenfacts.org)
  • More recently, I joined as an Assistant Professor the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (SOM) and the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS), where I developed a strong expertise in microbiome analyses, both at the microbiome level (microbial species composition and abundance), but also at the functional level (gene expression). (umaryland.edu)
  • It is only moderately soluble in aqueous systems and almost recalcitrant to microbial degradation under aerobic conditions. (hu-berlin.de)
  • Wastewater treatments are the majority of the large-scale applications, where biological degradation is coupled with membrane filtration (microfiltration and ultrafiltration). (intechopen.com)
  • Microbial desalination cell (MDC) is a propitious technology towards water desalination by utilizing wastewater as an energy source. (iwaponline.com)
  • We have to developed active microbial consortium that could be of higher degradation of crude oil contaminated groundwater, wastewater aeration pond and biopond at the oil refinery Terengganu Malaysia. (thescipub.com)
  • This hostile wastewater was circulated through the polymeric tubing, selectively transporting the organic compounds through the membrane for biological degradation by an enriched bacterial consortium. (queensu.ca)
  • Three different inoculum conditions, namely P. putida (INC-A), a mixture of P. putida and activated sludge (INC-B), and activated sludge alone (INC-C) were employed in an anodic chamber to mainly compare the electricity generation and phenol degradation in MDCs. (iwaponline.com)
  • This was followed by further degradation of the polymers by activity of the fungi. (hku.hk)
  • We monitored the changes in microbial composition and abundance, as well as their associated degradation capacity and enzymatic activities. (rug.nl)
  • Microbial monocultures metabolise only a limited range of substrates but a mixed microbial community may be more efficient for treatment or remediation due to their broad enzymatic capacities [ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Initially focussing on enzymatic degradation on algal cell walls, she continues to develop this research, studying algal predators and using biomimicry of their physical and biological mechanisms with the aim of developing novel processing methods. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Syntrophic microbial food webs can play an integral role in the breakdown of organic pollutants such as oils, aromatic compounds, and amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • The degradation of aromatic benzoate to methane produces many intermediate compounds such as formate, acetate, CO 2 and H2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several reviews have described the toxicity and bacterial degradation of various aromatic compounds such as chlorinated nitroaromatic compounds, nitroaromatic compounds, nitrophenols, and chlorophenols [ 9 , 17 - 20 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The involvement of naturally occurring plasmids in the degradation of synthetic organic compounds has been extensively documented ( 23 ). (asm.org)
  • Microbial metabolism of OP compounds can be carried out catabolically (with organophosphates serving either as a sole source for C, N, or P) or co-metabolically (in the presence of other compounds, mainly carbohydrates). (springer.com)
  • For example, microbial changes correlate to increased concentrations of toxic hydrocarbon compounds. (phys.org)
  • Containment compounds are contacted with selected microbes either as a single organism or as consortia which have a high degradation efficiency with respect to a wide range of VOC and odour forming compounds. (edie.net)
  • Our group designs various microbial factories for producing high-value compounds with applications in polymer precursors, nutraceuticals, and pharmaceuticals. (iastate.edu)
  • To efficiently transform DCP to harmless organic compounds microbial mixed cultures have been enriched from sediments and were subsequently transferred into a fluidized bed bioreactor. (hu-berlin.de)
  • We present here a comprehensive study on the community structure and enzyme systems of a lignocellulolytic microbial consortium EMSD5 during growth on corn stover, using metagenome sequencing in combination with quantitative metaproteomics. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have gained attention as a low cost and environmentally friendly method towards the conversion of organic waste directly into electricity ( Singh & Suresh 2016 ). (iwaponline.com)
  • Furthermore, we demonstrate that the pathway of carbaryl degradation was encoded on two distinct plasmids. (asm.org)
  • Interestingly, only one pathway (mediated by the lin genes) has currently been identified for its degradation, with examples found both inside and outside the Sphingomonadaceae. (g3journal.org)
  • Our group is developing a yeast consortium to produce shikimate pathway derivatives with nutraceutical and pharmaceutical values. (iastate.edu)
  • The black band disease microbial consortium is structurally and functionally identical to cyanobacterial-dominated microbial mats found in other illuminated, sulfide-rich environments Several species of cyanobacteria have been found associated with black band disease, the most well-known of which is Phormidium corallyticum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofilm formation is a dynamic process, which is coordinated by the interactions of different microbial species. (lrrd.org)
  • Distinct from the mainstream research that is centered on exploiting the model microbial species, Our group emphasizes on "tailoring host selection according to the specific need. (iastate.edu)
  • In the course of selecting microbial production hosts, we recognized that the limited model microbial species are not the only hosts of potential scientific and economic importance. (iastate.edu)
  • The fungal consortium was originally isolated from degraded polyimides and identified species include Aspergillus versicolor, Cladosporium cladosporioides, and a Chaetomium species. (hku.hk)
  • This provides the potential for cross-feeding and nutrient competition among the microbial species, which make it challenging to predict the growth kinetics in coculture. (agresearch.co.nz)
  • While it is known that weathering and hydrodynamic forces affect both the distribution and properties of the oil released, and that opportunistic microbes play an important role in its degradation, there are few studies examining the interactions between oil, microbes (phytoplankton, bacteria), and their exudates. (tamug.edu)
  • These biofilms that form within a few minutes of feed being immersed in rumen fluid, provide spatially separated microbial colonies held in an extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), including polysaccharides, nucleic acids, and proteins that is progressively produced by the microbes as they position themselves in the biofilm. (lrrd.org)
  • A few microbes capable of degradation of the pretreated polyethylene have so far been isolated from soil, sea water, compost and activated sludge. (omicsonline.org)
  • Since most of the organophosphates are less soluble to make it physiologically available for microbes, solubilization is carried out either through the secretion of organic acid or by biosurfactants by the microbial cells. (springer.com)
  • M1B enriched microbes gave the lowest counts at 1.1 x 107 CFU/ml and 1.0 x 107 CFU/ml for hindgut and midgut consortium, respectively. (wits.ac.za)
  • Poisoning of the biobarriers with mercury chloride resulted in an immediate and large increase in the amount of atrazine in the barrier effluents confirming that biological activity and not abiotic factors were responsible for the degradation of atrazine. (usda.gov)
  • Clone library sequencing and taxon/group-specific quantitative real-time PCR results showed that ' Ca . L. asiaticus' infection restructured the native microbial community associated with citrus rhizosphere. (nature.com)
  • The alkane hydroxylase (AlkB), which catalyse the first reaction, is the key enzyme in the process of alkane degradation and has received increasing attention. (scielo.br)
  • We analyzed the abundance and isotope composition of fatty acids in microbial mats grown in the shallow Coal Oil Point seep field off Santa Barbara, CA, USA, where seep gas is a mixture of methane and CO 2 . (osti.gov)
  • A number of studies have been devoted to describing this spatial heterogeneity, identifying controlling environmental parameters, or-more rarely-exploring its consequence on overall degradation efficiency and risk of pesticide leaching. (frontiersin.org)
  • The reactive mat for the pilot test area was designed to optimize chlorinated volatile organic compound degradation efficiency without altering the geotechnical and hydraulic characteristics, or creating undesirable water quality in the surrounding wetland area, which is referred to in this report as achieving geotechnical, hydraulic, and water-quality compatibility. (usgs.gov)
  • Optimization of degradation efficiency was achieved through the selection of a sustainable organic reactive matrix, electron donor, and bioaugmentation method. (usgs.gov)
  • The results showed that the highest degradation efficiency was found in mixtures containing straw and barley husks. (ejbiotechnology.info)
  • In addition, nitrate nitrogen (5 ppm-N) reduced the efficiency of degradation. (usda.gov)
  • Each biomixtures tested achieved a high degradation (50 to 90%) of all the pesticides used except iprodione. (ejbiotechnology.info)
  • The enriched consortium showed highest degradation abilities (64.0% Flu and 58.4% Phe degraded in 7 days) in comparison to a single strain cultures or mixtures. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Amann RI, Ludwig W, Scheleifer KH (1995) Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation. (springer.com)
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of the cyanobacterium-microbial community with a probe targeting the 16S rRNA of Porphyrobacter sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Comparative genomics of human Lactobacillus crispatus isolates reveals genes for glycosylation and glycogen degradation: implications for in vivo dominance of the vaginal microbiota. (nih.gov)
  • Optimal growth conditions were pH 8.5 and 27°C. Two isolates from these microbial consortia lost their ability to utilize dimethoate. (globalsciencebooks.info)
  • K.O. (Kill Odors) and C.P.( Clean Potties) contains multiple spore blend concentrate specifically formulated for use in a broad range of applications including the maintenance of sewage lines, improving waste degradation in holding tank and odor control. (raritaneng.com)
  • Biological degradation of the solvents takes place at ambient temperature, the fuel for the process being the solvent itself. (edie.net)
  • Our research will show that the marine microbial community actively responds to oil/dispersant challenges by regulating its EPS release accordingly, and that the EPS released interacts with the oil/dispersant. (tamug.edu)
  • As the extent of marine microbial biodiversity, and consequently natural product potential, seems to be limitless ( 31 ), marine ecosystems constitute invaluable sources for bioprospection ( 33 ). (scielo.org.ar)
  • GLC analyses revealed the complete degradation and disappearance of dimethoate after 3 days. (globalsciencebooks.info)
  • Studies have shown that bacterial degradation of amino acids can be significantly enhanced through the process of syntrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The relationship between the changes in impedance spectra and microbial degradation of the coatings was further supported by scanning electron microscopy, showing extensive colonization of the polyimide surfaces by the fungi. (hku.hk)
  • The overall conclusion pertinent to this symposium is that because of the need for symbiotic associations in biofilm microbial colonies on feed particles in the rumen, it is not logical to attempt to lower methane production by including chemicals in a diet that specifically target the inhibition of methanogens, unless alternative electron sinks are provided. (lrrd.org)
  • 225. Suleiman M., Schröder C., Kuhn M., Simon A., Stahl A., Frerichs H. and Antranikian G. (2019) Microbial biofilm formation and degradation of octocrylene, a UV absorber found in sunscreen. (tuhh.de)