Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Deformities acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease. The joint deformity is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis and leprosy.
Distortion or disfigurement of the foot, or a part of the foot, acquired through disease or injury after birth.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.
The adherence and merging of cell membranes, intracellular membranes, or artificial membranes to each other or to viruses, parasites, or interstitial particles through a variety of chemical and physical processes.
Deformities of the hand, or a part of the hand, acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease.
A pathologic entity characterized by deossification of a weight-bearing long bone, followed by bending and pathologic fracture, with inability to form normal BONY CALLUS leading to existence of the "false joint" that gives the condition its name. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Fusion of somatic cells in vitro or in vivo, which results in somatic cell hybridization.
The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Narrowing of the spinal canal.
Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease.
Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
Osteitis or caries of the vertebrae, usually occurring as a complication of tuberculosis of the lungs.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.
Plantar declination of the foot.
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
Congenital, or rarely acquired, herniation of meningeal and spinal cord tissue through a bony defect in the vertebral column. The majority of these defects occur in the lumbosacral region. Clinical features include PARAPLEGIA, loss of sensation in the lower body, and incontinence. This condition may be associated with the ARNOLD-CHIARI MALFORMATION and HYDROCEPHALUS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp35-6)
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A deformed foot in which the foot is plantarflexed, inverted and adducted.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the LOWER EXTREMITY.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.
A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
Proteins, usually glycoproteins, found in the viral envelopes of a variety of viruses. They promote cell membrane fusion and thereby may function in the uptake of the virus by cells.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.
The GENETIC RECOMBINATION of the parts of two or more GENES resulting in a gene with different or additional regulatory regions, or a new chimeric gene product. ONCOGENE FUSION includes an ONCOGENE as at least one of the fusion partners and such gene fusions are often detected in neoplastic cells and are transcribed into ONCOGENE FUSION PROTEINS. ARTIFICIAL GENE FUSION is carried out in vitro by RECOMBINANT DNA technology.
A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.
Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.
The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)
Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.
The branch of medicine concerned with the delivery of comprehensive medical care to hospitalized patients. Practitioners include physicians and non-physician providers who engage in clinical care, teaching, research, or leadership in the field of general hospital medicine.(from http://www.hospitalmedicine.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Hospitalist_Definition)
The GENETIC TRANSLATION products of the fusion between an ONCOGENE and another gene. The latter may be of viral or cellular origin.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.
Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
Increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease. The lengthening is not restricted to long bones. The usual surgical methods are internal fixation and distraction.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
Congenital structural deformities of the upper and lower extremities collectively or unspecified.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand occurring at or before birth.
The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.
Removal of mineral constituents or salts from bone or bone tissue. Demineralization is used as a method of studying bone strength and bone chemistry.
Pain during the period after surgery.
A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.
A condition in which one or more of the arches of the foot have flattened out.
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Distortion or disfigurement of the ear caused by disease or injury after birth.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
A general term encompassing lower MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and certain MUSCULAR DISEASES. Manifestations include MUSCLE WEAKNESS; FASCICULATION; muscle ATROPHY; SPASM; MYOKYMIA; MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, myalgias, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative structurally related to INDOMETHACIN. It is an NSAID and is used principally for its analgesic activity. (From Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)
Congenital structural abnormalities and deformities of the musculoskeletal system.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Lateral displacement of the great toe (HALLUX), producing deformity of the first METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT with callous, bursa, or bunion formation over the bony prominence.
A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.
Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.
A group of disorders marked by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in weakness and muscular atrophy, usually without evidence of injury to the corticospinal tracts. Diseases in this category include Werdnig-Hoffmann disease and later onset SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD, most of which are hereditary. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
Transplantation of an individual's own tissue from one site to another site.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.
Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
A condition characterized by a series of interrelated digital symptoms and joint changes of the lesser digits and METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINTS of the FOOT. The syndrome can include some or all of the following conditions: hammer toe, claw toe, mallet toe, overlapping fifth toe, curly toe, EXOSTOSIS; HYPEROSTOSIS; interdigital heloma, or contracted toe.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
An inward slant of the thigh in which the knees are close together and the ankles far apart. Genu valgum can develop due to skeletal and joint dysplasias (e.g., OSTEOARTHRITIS; HURLER SYNDROME); and malnutrition (e.g., RICKETS; FLUORIDE POISONING).
Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Sensory ganglia located on the dorsal spinal roots within the vertebral column. The spinal ganglion cells are pseudounipolar. The single primary branch bifurcates sending a peripheral process to carry sensory information from the periphery and a central branch which relays that information to the spinal cord or brain.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
Implants constructed of materials designed to be absorbed by the body without producing an immune response. They are usually composed of plastics and are frequently used in orthopedics and orthodontics.
Rigid or flexible appliances used to maintain in position a displaced or movable part or to keep in place and protect an injured part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Union of the fragments of a fractured bone in a faulty or abnormal position. If two bones parallel to one another unite by osseous tissue, the result is a crossunion. (From Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 4th ed)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
An abnormality of the jaws or teeth affecting the contour of the face. Such abnormality could be acquired or congenital.
Tight coverings for the foot and leg that are worn to aid circulation in the legs, and prevent the formation of EDEMA and DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS. PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION STOCKINGS serve a similar purpose especially for bedridden patients, and following surgery.
An outward slant of the thigh in which the knees are wide apart and the ankles close together. Genu varum can develop due to skeletal and joint dysplasia (e.g., OSTEOARTHRITIS; Blount's disease); and malnutrition (e.g., RICKETS; FLUORIDE POISONING).
Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The period before a surgical operation.
An X-linked recessive muscle disease caused by an inability to synthesize DYSTROPHIN, which is involved with maintaining the integrity of the sarcolemma. Muscle fibers undergo a process that features degeneration and regeneration. Clinical manifestations include proximal weakness in the first few years of life, pseudohypertrophy, cardiomyopathy (see MYOCARDIAL DISEASES), and an increased incidence of impaired mentation. Becker muscular dystrophy is a closely related condition featuring a later onset of disease (usually adolescence) and a slowly progressive course. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1415)
Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Breaks in bones.
Bone lengthening by gradual mechanical distraction. An external fixation device produces the distraction across the bone plate. The technique was originally applied to long bones but in recent years the method has been adapted for use with mandibular implants in maxillofacial surgery.
The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.
Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.
The GENETIC RECOMBINATION of the parts of two or more GENES, including an ONCOGENE as at least one of the fusion partners. Such gene fusions are often detected in neoplastic cells and are transcribed into ONCOGENE FUSION PROTEINS.
The part of the foot between the tarsa and the TOES.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Persistent flexure or contracture of a joint.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity that is caused by congenital or acquired shortening of a muscle (Stedman, 27th ed). Tenotomy is performed in order to lengthen a muscle that has developed improperly, or become shortened and is resistant to stretching.
The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.
Chronic progressive degeneration of the stress-bearing portion of a joint, with bizarre hypertrophic changes at the periphery. It is probably a complication of a variety of neurologic disorders, particularly TABES DORSALIS, involving loss of sensation, which leads to relaxation of supporting structures and chronic instability of the joint. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).
A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Neurons in the SPINAL CORD DORSAL HORN whose cell bodies and processes are confined entirely to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. They receive collateral or direct terminations of dorsal root fibers. They send their axons either directly to ANTERIOR HORN CELLS or to the WHITE MATTER ascending and descending longitudinal fibers.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
A pathological mechanical process that can lead to hip failure. It is caused by abnormalities of the ACETABULUM and/or FEMUR combined with rigorous hip motion, leading to repetitive collisions that damage the soft tissue structures.
The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells. (Dorland, 28th ed)
X-ray visualization of the spinal cord following injection of contrast medium into the spinal arachnoid space.
A particular type of FEMUR HEAD NECROSIS occurring in children, mainly male, with a course of four years or so.
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.
The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
Congenital defects of closure of one or more vertebral arches, which may be associated with malformations of the spinal cord, nerve roots, congenital fibrous bands, lipomas, and congenital cysts. These malformations range from mild (e.g., SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA) to severe, including rachischisis where there is complete failure of neural tube and spinal cord fusion, resulting in exposure of the spinal cord at the surface. Spinal dysraphism includes all forms of spina bifida. The open form is called SPINA BIFIDA CYSTICA and the closed form is SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34)
A common congenital midline defect of fusion of the vertebral arch without protrusion of the spinal cord or meninges. The lesion is also covered by skin. L5 and S1 are the most common vertebrae involved. The condition may be associated with an overlying area of hyperpigmented skin, a dermal sinus, or an abnormal patch of hair. The majority of individuals with this malformation are asymptomatic although there is an increased incidence of tethered cord syndrome and lumbar SPONDYLOSIS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34)
The forepart of the foot including the metatarsals and the TOES.
Diseases of the cervical (and first thoracic) roots, nerve trunks, cords, and peripheral nerve components of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical manifestations include regional pain, PARESTHESIA; MUSCLE WEAKNESS, and decreased sensation (HYPESTHESIA) in the upper extremity. These disorders may be associated with trauma (including BIRTH INJURIES); THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME; NEOPLASMS; NEURITIS; RADIOTHERAPY; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1351-2)
A group of recessively inherited diseases that feature progressive muscular atrophy and hypotonia. They are classified as type I (Werdnig-Hoffman disease), type II (intermediate form), and type III (Kugelberg-Welander disease). Type I is fatal in infancy, type II has a late infantile onset and is associated with survival into the second or third decade. Type III has its onset in childhood, and is slowly progressive. (J Med Genet 1996 Apr:33(4):281-3)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Congenital structural deformities, malformations, or other abnormalities of the maxilla and face or facial bones.
The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.
General or unspecified injuries involving the fingers.
Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.
A degenerative joint disease involving the SPINE. It is characterized by progressive deterioration of the spinal articular cartilage (CARTILAGE, ARTICULAR), usually with hardening of the subchondral bone and outgrowth of bone spurs (OSTEOPHYTE).
A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Congenital or acquired asymmetry of the face.
The innermost digit of the foot in PRIMATES.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
The second largest of the TARSAL BONES. It articulates with the TIBIA and FIBULA to form the ANKLE JOINT.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
Gross hypo- or aplasia of one or more long bones of one or more limbs. The concept includes amelia, hemimelia, phocomelia, and sirenomelia.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the jaw.
The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm backward or downward. When referring to the foot, a combination of eversion and abduction movements in the tarsal and metatarsal joints (turning the foot up and in toward the midline of the body).
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Surgical removal of ribs, allowing the chest wall to move inward and collapse a diseased lung. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
Congenital dislocation of the hip generally includes subluxation of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the femoral head from the true acetabulum. This condition occurs in approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is more common in females than in males.
Spinal fusion is commonly used to correct spinal deformities such as scoliosis. Arthrodesis is the last resort in pain ... spinal stenosis). Type II - Long fusion below C2 with an abnormal occipital-cervical junction. Similar to the C2-C3 fusion of ... Furthermore, it is unclear whether KFS is a unique disease, or if it is one part of a spectrum of congenital spinal deformities ... The three categories treated for types of spinal cord deficiencies are massive fusion of the cervical spine (Type I), the ...
Implants that aim to delay spinal fusion and to allow more spinal growth in young children is the gold standard for surgical ... Agarwal A, Aker L, Ahmad AA (June 2020). "Active Apex Correction With Guided Growth Technique for Controlling Spinal Deformity ... In general, modern spinal fusions have good outcomes with high degrees of correction and low rates of failure and infection. ... Spinal fusion is the most widely performed surgery for scoliosis. In this procedure, bone [either harvested from elsewhere in ...
S53P4 has gained clinical experience within spine surgery in spine fusions and spinal deformity surgery. S53P4 has also been ... Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques. 24 (7): 455-61. doi:10.1097/BSD.0b013e31822a20c6. PMID 21909036. S2CID 28088570. ... as bone graft expander in minimally invasive lumbosacral interbody fusion". J Minim Invasive Spine Surg Tech. 3 (2): 52-8. doi: ...
Severe scoliosis is relatively uncommon, but probably does occur more often than in those without A-T. Spinal fusion is only ... Many individuals with A-T develop deformities of the feet that compound the difficulty they have with walking due to impaired ... Early treatment may slow progression of this deformity. Bracing or surgical correction sometimes improves stability at the ...
Many individuals with NM undergo spinal fusion surgery to straighten and stabilize their backs. Although patients early on ... often have mobility in their joints that is past the normal range, as they age, joint deformities and scoliosis usually occur. ...
... Spine products facilitate fusion of the spine and correction of spinal deformities, preserving motion of the spine and ...
Such instability results in nerve damage, spinal deformities, and disabling pain. Spinal deformities may be caused by birth ... It was used at the beginning without performing a spinal fusion but early results proved fusion as part of the procedure was ... Harrington rods were intended to provide a means to reduce the curvature and to provide more stability to a spinal fusion. ... and large curvatures could progress despite fusion. Harrington rod instrumentation was used to treat instability and deformity ...
Deformity - loss of height, alignment, and failure of fusion [3]. *Pseudarthrosis - nonunion between fused bone segments. Risk ... Spinal fusion is most commonly performed to relieve the pain and pressure on the spinal cord that results when a disc ( ... Lumbar and cervical spinal fusions are more commonly performed than thoracic fusions.[5] Degeneration happens more frequently ... 80,095 - Upper thoracic level primary spinal fusion (2003-2013) [10]. *$55,547 - Revision of previous fusion surgery due to ...
Thoracic spinal fusion with or without instrumentation as a last resort. Physical therapy for pain-relieving modalities, ... The fictional Hunchback of Notre Dame has a gibbus deformity similar to the type caused by tuberculosis. In Henrik Ibsen's play ... Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France, son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Garg, RK; Somvanshi, DS (2011). "Spinal ... Routine surgery in addition to chemotherapy for treating spinal tuberculosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, ...
... fractures Spinal Deformities Kyphosis Spondylolisthesis Spinal Tumors Spinal Fractures Failed fusions / revisions AAMC offers ... Minimally invasive techniques are in use throughout the full range of surgical care, from spinal surgery to laparoscopic ... Conditions Treated (cervical and lumbar): Degenerative Disorders Disc disease Sciatica Radiculopathy Disc herniation Spinal ...
Taking into account that some of the symptoms of the spinal deformity cannot be changed by surgical intervention, surgery ... Scheuermann's disease can be successfully corrected with surgical procedures, almost all of which include spinal fusion and ... Hawes, Martha (2006). "Impact of spine surgery on signs and symptoms of spinal deformity". Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 9 ... It causes backache and spinal curvature. In very serious cases it may cause internal problems and spinal cord damage, but these ...
Soft braces : Elastic braces that limit forward motion of the spine and assist in setting spinal fusions or supporting the ... The Schroth theory holds that the deformity can be corrected through retraining muscles and nerves to learn what a straight ... After having undergoing complex spinal surgeries, this is especially the fusion procedures, a brace will probably be necessary ... spinal stability has not been fully achieved. In some cases of spinal fractures these can be managed without surgery using such ...
Spinal fusion - Spiral fracture - Splint (medicine) - Spondylolisthesis - Sports injury - Sprained ankle - Sprengel's deformity ... Upington disease Valgus deformity - Valgus stress test - Vancouver classification - Varus deformity - Vertebral osteomyelitis ... and congenital limb deformities. Trauma surgery and traumatology is a sub-specialty dealing with the operative management of ... Guyon's Canal Haglund's deformity - Hajdu-Cheney syndrome - Hallux rigidus - Hallux valgus - Hallux varus - Hammer toe - Hand ...
To obtain an accurate and consistent assessment of the severity of spinal deformity, so as to avoid unnecessary surgery, Cobb ... methods and concluded that the most effective approach was to use a turnbuckle plaster jacket in combination with spinal fusion ...
These are described briefly below: After having undergoing complex spinal surgeries, this is especially the fusion procedures, ... The Schroth theory holds that the deformity can be corrected through retraining muscles and nerves to learn what a straight ... Spinal fusion Negrini S, Donzelli S, Aulisa AG, Czaprowski D, Schreiber S, de Mauroy JC, Diers H, Grivas TB, Knott P, Kotwicki ... Elastic braces that limit forward motion of the spine and assist in setting spinal fusions or supporting the spine during ...
Severe curvatures that rapidly progress may require surgery with spinal rod placement and spinal fusion. In all cases, early ... This is a type of deformity that starts and progresses because of the collapse of the vertebral column in an asymmetrical ... "Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders. 13: 3. doi:10.1186/s13013-017-0145-8. PMC 5795289. PMID 29435499.. ... "Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders. 11: 20. doi:10.1186/s13013-016-0076-9. PMC 4973373. PMID 27525315.. ...
In the sense of a deformity, it is the pathological curving of the spine, where parts of the spinal column lose some or all of ... These types of high-end curves typically do not respond well to conservative treatment and almost always warrant spinal fusion ... Hawes M (2006). "Impact of spine surgery on signs and symptoms of spinal deformity". Pediatric Rehabilitation. 9 (4): 318-39. ... The risk of serious complications from spinal fusion surgery for kyphosis is estimated to be 5%, similar to the risks of ...
The most radical of these techniques is spinal fusion. In recent years/decades spinal surgeons have begun to rely more heavily ... A vertebral fixation procedure may be indicated in cases of vertebral fracture, vertebral deformity, or degenerative vertebral ... leaving the physician with few other choices than spinal fusion. A spinal fixation device stabilizes an area of the posterior ... with the aim of reducing vertebral mobility and thus avoiding possible damage to the spinal cord and/or spinal roots. ...
... spinal deformity, osteopenia, an increase risk of fractures and pain. Weak muscles that normally stabilize joints such as the ... Spine fusion is sometimes performed in people with SMA I/II once they reach the age of 8-10 to relieve the pressure of a ... "Spinal Muscular Atrophy". NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders). Retrieved 27 May 2019. "Spinal muscular atrophy". ... "Spinal Muscular Atrophy". NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders). Retrieved 27 May 2019. "Spinal muscular atrophy". ...
In the sense of a deformity, it is the pathological curving of the spine, where parts of the spinal column lose some or all of ... The risk of serious complications from spinal fusion surgery for kyphosis is estimated to be 5%, similar to the risks of ... These types of high-end curves typically do not respond well to conservative treatment and almost always warrant spinal fusion ... Given that the signs and symptoms of spinal deformity cannot be changed by surgical intervention, surgery remains essentially a ...
Severe curvatures that rapidly progress may require surgery with spinal rod placement and spinal fusion. In all cases, early ... This is a type of deformity that starts and progresses because of the collapse of the vertebral column in an asymmetrical ... A scoliosis spinal column curve of 10° or less affects 1.5% to 3% of individuals. The age of onset is usually between 10 years ... Posterior fusion: This surgical approach is through an incision on the back and involves the use of metal instrumentation to ...
Spinal fusion can be performed to correct scoliosis, although the inherent bone fragility makes this operation more complex in ... spinal curvature, and barrel-shaped rib cage Bone deformity is mild to moderate Early loss of hearing Similar to Type I, Type ... Dental treatment may pose as a challenge as a result of the various deformities, skeletal and dental, due to OI. Children with ... Hearing loss in OI may or may not be associated with visible deformities of the ossicles and inner ear. Hearing loss frequently ...
"100th Robot-Guided Spinal Fusion Surgery Is Performed by Dr. Christopher R. Good of the Virginia Spine Institute". Yahoo ... Good, CR; Auerback, JD; O'Leary, PT; Schuler, TC (4 December 2011). "Adult Spinal Deformity". Current Review in Musculoskeletal ... He performed the first hybrid multi-level cervical artificial disc replacement with spinal fusion in the country. He founded a ... He performed the first hybrid multi-level cervical artificial disc replacement with spinal fusion in the country. He leads a ...
In order to treat his deformity, he had anterior release and spinal instrumentation. Due to other medical problems, treatment ... Al Kaissi A, Klaushofer K, Grill F (2007-09-01). "Progressive vertebral fusion in a girl with spinal enchondromatosis". ... This is followed by fusion, however fusion is usually not seen in the posterior disc space except in later stages of the ... Through adolescence and adulthood, the typical anterior fusion of the vertebrae continues to progress until fusion is complete ...
Spinal fusion (81.1) Arthrodesis and arthroereisis of foot and ankle (81.2) Arthrodesis of other joint (81.3) Refusion of spine ... Repair of pectus deformity (34.8) Operations on diaphragm (34.9) Other operations on thorax (34.91) Thoracentesis (34.92) ... Diagnostic procedures on spinal cord and spinal canal structures (03.31) Spinal tap (04) Operations on cranial and other nerves ... Operations on spinal cord and spinal canal structures (03.0) Exploration and decompression of spinal canal structures (03.09) ...
Spinal fusion was one of the five most common OR procedures performed in every age group except infants younger than 1 year and ... such as John Hunter's research on tendon healing and Percival Pott's work on spinal deformity steadily increased the range of ... the correction of spinal and bone deformities in all stages of life eventually became the cornerstone of orthopedic practice. ... However, up until the 1890s, orthopedics was still a study limited to the correction of deformity in children. One of the first ...
... spinal deformity, osteopenia, an increase risk of fractures and pain.[9] Weak muscles that normally stabilize joints such as ... the vertebral column lead to development of kyphosis and/or scoliosis and joint contracture.[26] Spine fusion is sometimes ... Location of neurons affected by spinal muscular atrophy in the spinal cord. ... "Spinal Muscular Atrophy". uptodate.com. Retrieved December 1, 2017.. *^ Bach, J. R.; Niranjan, V.; Weaver, B. (2000). "Spinal ...
... of spinal problems Spinal canal is too small at birth Structural deformities of the vertebrae may cause narrowing of the spinal ... Decompression plus fusion appears no better than decompression alone, while spinal spacers appears better than decompression ... Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal or neural foramen that results in pressure on the spinal cord or ... A spinal tap is performed in the low back with dye injected into the spinal fluid. X-rays are performed followed by a CT scan ...
NC is also more likely present in individuals with other spinal comorbidities. A history of spinal injuries or deformities is ... The effectiveness of laminectomy, microdiscectomy, laminoplasty and spinal fusion surgeries as an alternative to spinal ... to enter the spinal cord and release pressure on the nerve roots. Laminoplasty and spinal fusion surgeries are other ... This process involves connecting two vertebrae of the bones together to reduce pain or correct any spinal deformities. As such ...
Using Virchow's law again to predict the resulting deformity, this fusion will result in a narrow forehead, which is even ... which can partially obstruct the flow of cerebro-spinal fluid from the neurocranium to the spinal cord.[6] The Chiari ... Syndromal craniosynostosis presents with a skull deformity as well as deformities affecting other parts of the body.[42] ... This asymmetry shows in the skull deformity, as well as in the facial deformity and the complications.[10][11] ...
In particular, shoes with a narrow space for the toes can sometimes squeeze tightly enough to cause foot deformity.[52] Dancers ... hip-hop and burlesque with the fusion of vogue movements and is performed using stilettos or high heels.[49] Some dancers such ... Spinal Column Curvature. In a 2016 study from the Sahmyook University in Korea, researchers wanted to investigate the effects ... Wearing high-heeled shoes is associated with developing bunions, a deformity of the foot.[22][21] ...
Research comparing the effects of ankle replacement against ankle fusion (the TARVA study) is ongoing in the United Kingdom, in ... varus or valgus deformity greater than 15 degrees, severe bony erosion, severe talus subluxation; ... This procedure is becoming the treatment of choice for patients, replacing the conventional use of arthrodesis, i.e. fusion of ... previous arthrodesis of the ipsilateral hip or knee or severe deformities of these joints. ...
Hoppenreijs, TJ (1998). "Open bite deformity in amelogenesis imperfecta. Part 1: An analysis of contributory factors and ... Androgen insensitivity syndrome/Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy. *KAL1 Kallmann syndrome. *X-linked adrenal hypoplasia ...
The fusion of this suture causes a certain change in the shape of the skull; a deformity of the skull. Virchow's law dictates ... which can partially obstruct the flow of cerebro-spinal fluid from the neurocranium to the spinal cord. The Chiari malformation ... Using Virchow's law again to predict the resulting deformity, this fusion will result in a narrow forehead, which is even ... This asymmetry shows in the skull deformity, as well as in the facial deformity and the complications. This time, the skull ...
Anand N, Levine, DB, Burke S, Bansal M. Neuropathic spinal atrophy in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. J Bone Joint Surg. 1997; 79- ... CMT is first most noticed when someone develops lower leg weakness, such as foot drop, or foot deformities, including ... Typically autosomal dominant inheritance pattern associated with scoliosis and foot deformities (high or flat arches).. ...
... the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society. 19 (4): 533-9. doi: ... "Fusion rates of instrumented lumbar spinal arthrodesis according to surgical approach: a systematic review of randomized trials ... Dagenais, S; Gay, RE; Tricco, AC; Freeman, MD; Mayer, JM (2010). "NASS Contemporary Concepts in Spine Care: spinal manipulation ... Rubinstein, SM; Terwee, CB; Assendelft, WJ; de Boer, MR; van Tulder, MW (12 September 2012). "Spinal manipulative therapy for ...
Lee, CS; Hwang, CJ; Lee, DH; Kim, YT; Lee, HS (2011). "Fusion rates of instrumented lumbar spinal arthrodesis according to ... the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society. svezak 19 (broj 4): str ... "Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. svezak (broj 2): str. CD008112 ... Rubinstein, SM; Terwee, CB; Assendelft, WJ; de Boer, MR; van Tulder, MW (2012-09-12). "Spinal manipulative therapy for acute ...
"Dinner fork" deformity of the wrist is caused by dorsal displacement of the carpal bones (Colle's fracture). Reverse deformity ... Spinal fracture. *Cervical fracture *Jefferson fracture. *Hangman's fracture. *Flexion teardrop fracture. *Clay-shoveler ... X-rays of a wrist fusion. X-rays of pins across a distal radius fracture: Notice the ulnar styloid base fracture, which has not ... The deformity is then reduced with appropriate closed manipulative (depending on the type of deformity) reduction, after which ...
... the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society 19 (4): 533-9. doi: ... Lee, CS; Hwang, CJ; Lee, DH; Kim, YT; Lee, HS (2011 Mar). "Fusion rates of instrumented lumbar spinal arthrodesis according to ... "Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2): CD008112. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008112 ... Dagenais, S; Gay, RE; Tricco, AC; Freeman, MD; Mayer, JM (2010). "NASS Contemporary Concepts in Spine Care: spinal manipulation ...
"J Spinal Disord Tech. 17 (5): 372-9.. *^ a b c d e Page769 in: Norbert Boos, Max Aebi (2008). Spinal Disorders: Fundamentals of ... Because the L4-L5 and L5-S1 levels are most commonly involved in fusion procedures, or arthrodesis, and contribute to normal ... "J Spinal Disord Tech. 17 (5): 372-9. doi:10.1097/01.bsd.0000109836.59382.47.. ... McKenzie, Robin (2011). Treat Your Own Back (Ninth ed.). New Zealand: Spinal Publications New Zealand, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-9876504- ...
... deformity, audible popping and snapping, and possible future surgeries to remove the hardware. ... Spinal fusion. *Intervertebral discs *Discectomy. *Annuloplasty. *Arthroplasty. Upper extremity. *Shoulder surgery *Shoulder ...
Lumbar spinal fusion. *Repair fracture of the distal part of radius. *Low back intervertebral disc surgery ... Orthopaedic surgeons address most musculoskeletal ailments including arthritis, trauma र congenital deformities using both ... which was the first hospital dedicated to the treatment of children's skeletal deformities. He is considered by some to be the ... which if left untreated leads to undesireable deformity र may progress to cause chronic pain र breathing problems. The ...
Hawes M (2006). "Impact of spine surgery on signs and symptoms of spinal deformity". Pediatric Rehabilitation. 9 (4): 318-39. ... 2008). "Upper Extremity Functional Assessment After Anterior Spinal Fusion via Thoracotomy for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis ... Lehnert-Schroth C. Three-Dimensional Treatment for Scoliosis: A Physiotherapeutic Method for Deformities of the Spine. Palo ... DeWald, RL (2003). Spinal Deformitities: The Comprehensive Text. New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.. ...
An early method he tried for scoliotic polio patients was manual correction of the scoliotic deformity at the time of surgery, ... until vertebral fusion has occurred, after which the cast or brace is removed.[5] ... awards the Paul Harrington Award for Excellence in Orthopaedic Research in recognition of Harrington's contribution to spinal ... which in many patients results in a flat back deformity, also known as "flatback syndrome". Advances in surgical techniques and ...
... peripheral neuropathy Cervical ribs sprengel anomaly polydactyly Cervical spinal stenosis Cervical vertebral fusion ... deficiency Carnosinase deficiency Carnosinemia Caroli disease Carotenemia Carotid artery dissection Carpal deformity ... syndrome G-alajara type 1 Camptodactyly syndrome G-alajara type 2 Camptodactyly taurinuria Camptodactyly vertebral fusion ... III deficiency Congenital aplastic anemia Congenital arteriovenous shunt Congenital articular rigidity Congenital benign spinal ...
With spinal fusion, the recovery time may be longer. In some cases after laminectomy and spinal fusion, it may take several ... or help in tailoring the contour of the vertebral column to correct a spinal deformity such as kyphosis. A common type of ... However, if the spinal column is unstable and fusion is required, the recovery period can last from several months to more than ... Removal of substantial amounts of bone and tissue may require additional procedures such as spinal fusion to stabilize the ...
Spinal cord - many neurons originate or terminate in the brain and extend down into the spinal column. The spinal cord itself ... See also Sensor fusion, Data fusion, and Information integration Lateralization of brain function Neurocomputational speech ... correcting a defect or deformity of the skull). Stereotactic radiosurgery (discussed in Stereotactic surgery) utilizes multiple ... which also connects to and fills the entire Spinal canal. The spinal canal terminates about two-thirds down the length of the ...
Abnormal bone growth such as shortening or thickening and deformity may be observed in patients of Ollier disease. These bone ... The affected extremity is shortened (asymmetric dwarfism) and sometimes bowed due to epiphyseal fusion anomalies. Bone lesions ... and spinal bones. This disorder is also sporadic and nonhereditary and usually detected during childhood despite being a ... The Ilizarov technique is a form of noninvasive treatment that can sometimes be used to reshape and correct deformities and ...
A "spinal fusion" surgery entails two or more vertebra are permanently immobilized through surgery using titanium implants. ... The burst fracture is categorized by the "severity of the deformity, the severity of (spinal) canal compromise, the degree of ... A burst fracture is a type of traumatic spinal injury in which a vertebra breaks from a high-energy axial load (e.g., traffic ... It is probable that the subject may exhibit some spinal dislocation after removal of the TLSO, and it is well within expected ...
... procedure to restore coronal and sagittal alignments for patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) using computed tomography ... Therefore, it is thought that correction such as osteotomy or compression technique to the posterior fusion may be necessary ... This study examined the ability of the extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) ... Changes in Spinal Alignment following eXtreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Alone in Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity using ...
... effect of preoperative pregabalin on intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in adolescents undergoing surgery for spinal ... effect on intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion for spinal deformities ... Preoperative pregabalin does not interfere spinal cord monitoring in adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion. ... Thirty-one adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion were randomized to receive preoperatively either pregabalin 2 mg/kg ...
Purpose Spinal instrumented arthrodesis improves health-related quality of life (HRQOL), although mobility is impaired. This ... Activities of daily living and patient satisfaction after long fusion for adult spinal deformity: a retrospective study. ... Adult spinal deformity Thoracolumbosacroiliac arthrodesis Spinal mobility Quality of life Activities of daily living ... Miyakoshi N, Itoi E, Kobayashi M, Kodama H (2003) Impact of postural deformities and spinal mobility on quality of life in ...
T. Yasuda, T. Hasegawa, Y. Yamato et al., "Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity with long spinal fusion from ... A total of 21 patients who received surgical reconstructive spinal fusion procedures for their adult spinal deformity at Nippon ... Improvement of spinal alignment revealed the advantage of long fusion compared to short fusion (Figure 3). On average, Cobb ... Current study elucidated that long fusion, UIV, is thoracic and can achieve better spinal alignment compared to short fusion, ...
For high-grade spondylolisthesis and long adult deformity fusions to the sacrum, a montage of bilateral S1 screws and iliac ... Minimum 5-year analysis of L5-S1 fusion using sacropelvic fixation (bilateral S1 and iliac screws) for spinal deformity Spine ( ... Objective: To investigate clinical and radiographic outcomes for lumbosacral fusion (in patients with spinal deformity) using a ... Conclusions: For high-grade spondylolisthesis and long adult deformity fusions to the sacrum, a montage of bilateral S1 screws ...
Relief of superior mesenteric artery syndrome with correction of multiplanar spinal deformity by posterior spinal fusion. ... Relief of superior mesenteric artery syndrome with correction of multiplanar spinal deformity by posterior spinal fusion ... In patients with concomitant superior mesenteric artery syndrome and spinal deformity, correction of the deformity may help ... Only 2 cases of superior mesenteric artery syndrome in patients with sagittal plane spinal deformity have been described in the ...
A NOVEL CONCEPT OF DEFORMITY CORRECTION. ... Posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis ... away from the spinal cord, cauda equina and the aorta. A low implant density (pedicle screw density 1.2, when a density of 2 ...
For children with spinal deformities, surgical intervention can lead to life-changing improvements in pain relief and daily ... For children with spinal deformities, surgical intervention can lead to life-changing improvements in pain relief, daily ... Surgeries for pediatric spinal deformities present a complex set of challenges, but with diligent preoperative assessment and ... With proper screening, the majority of children do well after undergoing surgery to correct spinal deformity. However, for a ...
Baaj is a Neurosurgeon and serves as an Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery and Co-Director of the Spinal Deformity and ... Criteria for Fusion After Spinal Cord Tumor Surgery Described in Review Article. ... Surgical treatment of ankylosing spondylitis is recommended to treat unstable spinal fractures, progressive spinal deformity ( ... Adult Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Deformity. Presented by: A. Baaj MD. A 71-year-old female presented with mechanical back pain ...
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that is often used to remedy degenerative disc disease. The break down of cartilaginous ... locations, indications lumbar spinal most common ortho procedure Ref 3. Deformity. scoliosis - no clear indication Ref 5 ... What Are the Long-Term Effects of a Spinal Fusion? by CHARIS GREY Last Updated: Aug 14, 2017. ... Common Occurrences After Lumbar Spinal Fusion Is Chiropractic Manipulation OK Post Spinal Fusion? ...
The Fate of Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity Incurring Rod Fracture After Thoracolumbar Fusion. ... The Fate of Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity Incurring Rod Fracture After Thoracolumbar Fusion. Together they form a ...
Keywords: ASD = adult spinal deformity; LPA = lumbar pelvic angle; PI-LL mismatch = pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch; ... analysis of spine flexibility and its utility in preoperative planning for adult spinal deformity surgery J Neurosurg Spine. ... thoracolumbar deformity; TLPA = T1-L1 pelvic angle; TPA = T1 pelvic angle; UIV = upper instrumented vertebra; preoperative ...
They can be used as mathematical tools to detect spinal malalignment in ASD and guide the surgeons decision of realizing a ... This study highlights the necessity to considerer spinal malalignment with lumbo-pelvic indexes as they appear to be highly ... and 50 patients were corrected by posterior fusion without osteotomy. In the postoperative flat-back syndrome group all ... Lumbo-pelvic related indexes: impact on adult spinal deformity surgery Eur Spine J. 2015 Jun;24(6):1212-8. doi: 10.1007/s00586- ...
... lumbar spine showed regions of focal fatty replacement and/or hemangiomas within the lumbar spine and chronic wedge deformities ... Well a spinal fusion fix my swayback posture?. Dr. Robert Coats II answered ... The surgery is to address a spinal deformity, the goal is to obtain what is known as a balanced spine such that the head is ... Cervical spine MRI showed normal spine curvature but straight spinal cord that didnt follow spinal curve. What is this?. ...
Laura Rock Gaughan is a mother coping with a daughter who needs major spinal surgery. She tries to keep things in perspective, ... She had the posterior spinal fusion surgery when she was 14. Early in the morning, we kissed her goodbye after signing off on a ... The Scoliosis Research Society calls it a deformity. Deformity is a deformed word, ugly and harsh, like defect. People rarely ... And then, the scoliosis procedure - posterior spinal fusion. Posterior meaning rear, but I prefer to think of posterity, a ...
It is the leading subspecialty journal for the treatment of spinal disorders. Only original papers are considered for ... Opioid-free Analgesia for Posterior Spinal Fusion Surgery Using Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) Blocks in a Multimodal Anesthetic ... DEFORMITY Do Overweight Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients Have an Increased Perioperative Risk for Posterior ... transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and anterior lumbar interbody fusion/lateral lumbar interbody fusion in 26,336 patients ...
Dr Feldman offers spinal fusion surgery to treat spinal deformities in West Palm Beach, FL. ... Idiopathic Scoliosis is a spinal deformity in which a sideways curvature of the spine is present usually starting after age 9. ... Spinal Fusion. This is the most common type of surgery for scoliosis. Rods and screws are attached to the vertebrae to fuse the ... A spinal deformity in which a sideways curvature of the spine is present usually starting after age 9. ...
It is the leading subspecialty journal for the treatment of spinal disorders. Only original papers are considered for ... Deformity Comparison of One-Stage Versus Two-Stage Anteroposterior Spinal Fusion in Pediatric Patients With Cerebral Palsy and ... L5-S1 Segment Survivorship and Clinical Outcome Analysis After L4-L5 Isolated Fusion. Ghiselli, Gary; Wang, Jeffrey C.; Hsu, ... Metal Concentrations in the Serum and Hair of Patients With Titanium Alloy Spinal Implants. Kasai, Yuichi; Iida, Ryu; Uchida, ...
フィンガープリント 「Limited Cost Benefit of Lateral Interbody Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークな ... Limited Cost Benefit of Lateral Interbody Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery. In: Spine. 2021 ; Vol. 46, No. 1. pp. 48- ... Limited Cost Benefit of Lateral Interbody Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery. / Yamamoto, Tatsuya; Yagi, Mitsuru; Suzuki ... title = "Limited Cost Benefit of Lateral Interbody
How has our understanding of the etiology of cervical spinal deformity evolved, and what are the implications for corrective ... C2-T4 posterior spinal fusion with C7 pedicle subtraction osteotomy to correct the deformity (B). ... C2-T4 posterior spinal fusion with C7 pedicle subtraction osteotomy to correct the deformity (B). ... This patient successfully underwent C2-T1 circumferential spinal fusion with correction of deformity. ...
Spinal Fusion. *Spinal Stenosis. *Spine Deformities. *Spine Disorders. *Spine Fractures, Traumatic. *Spondylitis ...
Spinal Cord Injury. *Spinal Fusion. *Spinal Stenosis. *Spine Deformities. *Spine Fractures, Traumatic ...
MAST Fusion Discussion: Spinal Trauma. Case report demonstrates the application of minimally invasive spinal fusion technology ... Thoracic Screw Placement in Deformity: Technique Pitfalls, Complications, Results. Thoracic Screw Placement in Deformity: ... MAST Fusion for Spinal Trauma. Case report about an elderly patients spinal trauma subsequent to a fall. ... Spinal Trauma Intervention: MAST Fusion. Case report of an elderly patient offered percutaneous pedicle screw fixation using ...
Research Highlights The Importance Of Spinal Alignment In All, Not Just Deformity, Lumbar Fusions ... From complex spinal deformity to degenerative spinal conditions, NuVasive is transforming spine surgery with innovative ... Prior to this research, spinal alignment considerations were only thought necessary for spinal deformity cases. ... com/news-releases/research-highlights-the-importance-of-spinal-alignment-in-all-not-just-deformity-lumbar-fusions-300675706. ...
The Fate of Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity Incurring Rod Fracture After Thoracolumbar Fusion. World Neurosurgery. 2017. ... The Fate of Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity Incurring Rod Fracture After Thoracolumbar Fusion. In: World Neurosurgery. ... The Fate of Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity Incurring Rod Fracture After Thoracolumbar Fusion. / Hamilton, D. Kojo; Buza, ... Objective: To report the outcome of adult spinal deformity (ASD) in patients with rod fracture (RF) after thoracolumbar fusion ...
Childrens Hospital offers comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for pediatric scoliosis and spinal deformities ... The Spinal Deformity & Scoliosis Center in Clevelands UH Rainbow Babies & ... However, very young children are different because they are still growing and complete fusion surgery can limit development. ... Treatment for Children with Spinal Deformities & Scoliosis The Spinal Deformity & Scoliosis Center offers experienced and ...
Your doctor may recommend spinal fusion to treat:. *Deformities of the spine. Spinal fusion can help correct spinal deformities ... Fusion from back of neck Open pop-up dialog box Close Fusion from back of neck. Fusion from back of neck. When spinal fusion is ... After spinal fusion. A hospital stay of two to three days is usually required following spinal fusion. Depending on the ... Spinal fusion is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, spinal fusion carries the potential risk of complications ...
Patients with congenital spinal deformity with formation failure undergoing vertebrectomy with short fusion (≤ 6 fusion ... Patients with congenital spinal deformity with formation failure undergoing vertebrectomy with short fusion (≤ 6 fusion ... Patients with congenital spinal deformity with formation failure undergoing vertebrectomy with short fusion (≤ 6 fusion ... Patients with congenital spinal deformity with formation failure undergoing vertebrectomy with short fusion (≤ 6 fusion ...
An improved prosthetic implant for forming a rigid structure between adjoining vertebrae in a spinal column. The prosthetic ... Systems and methods for treating spinal deformities. US8187334. Apr 4, 2011. May 29, 2012. Nuvasive, Inc.. System and methods ... Systems and methods for spinal fusion. US8821553. Apr 19, 2006. Sep 2, 2014. X-Spine Systems, Inc.. Spinal fusion system ... Spinal implant adjustment. US20060195100 *. Apr 19, 2006. Aug 31, 2006. X-Spine Systems, Inc.. Spinal fusion system utilizing ...
ABBREVIATIONS ACR = anterior column release; ALIF = anterior lumbar interbody fusion; ASD = adult spinal deformity; cMIS = ... for focal kyphotic spinal deformity using a lateral transpsoas approach and ALL release . J Spinal Disord Tech . 2014 ;27 (1 ): ... The impact of positive sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity . Spine (Phila Pa 1976 ). 2005 ;30 (18 ):2024 -2029 . ... A critical analysis of sagittal plane deformity correction with minimally invasive adult spinal deformity surgery: a 2-year ...
  • Therefore, it is thought that correction such as osteotomy or compression technique to the posterior fusion may be necessary during the 2nd stage surgery. (nature.com)
  • Moreover, more rigid and severe deformities may need a combined anterior-posterior approach or a posterior three-column reconstruction technique to obtain correction of spinal alignment. (nature.com)
  • Thirty-one adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion were randomized to receive preoperatively either pregabalin 2 mg/kg twice daily or placebo. (springer.com)
  • Preoperative pregabalin does not interfere spinal cord monitoring in adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion. (springer.com)
  • Martin DP, Bhalla T, Thung A et al (2014) A preliminary study of volatile agents or total intravenous anesthesia for neurophysiological monitoring during posterior spinal fusion in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. (springer.com)
  • Surgical intervention for ASD with posterior-only procedure consists of pedicle screws, osteotomies, and transforaminal interbody fusion [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Anterior procedure predominantly utilized the disc space to reconstruct spinal alignment that also have large surgical burden as posterior osteotomies [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In the adult scoliosis group, 28 patients underwent an osteotomy [pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) or Smith Petersen osteotomy] and 50 patients were corrected by posterior fusion without osteotomy. (nih.gov)
  • A prospective randomized control study that comperes the complication rate of posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis between patients with and without deep wound draining. (lww.com)
  • And then, the scoliosis procedure - posterior spinal fusion. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • She had the posterior spinal fusion surgery when she was 14. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the utility and cost-effectiveness of multilevel lateral interbody fusion (LIF) combined with posterior spinal fusion (PSF) (L group) and conventional PSF (with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion) (P group) in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. (elsevier.com)
  • [ 1 ] Injuries involving the posterior ligamentous structures, such as advanced-staged burst flexion-compression or flexion-distraction injuries, are prone to deformity overall (Figure 2), whereas lateral compression or burst injuries can result in posttraumatic coronal or scoliotic deformities. (medscape.com)
  • C2-T4 posterior spinal fusion with C7 pedicle subtraction osteotomy to correct the deformity ( B ). (medscape.com)
  • When spinal fusion is performed from the back of the neck (posterior cervical fusion), rods and screws are used to hold the vertebrae together. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Depending on whether your surgeon approaches your spine from the front (anterior spinal fusion) or from the back (posterior spinal fusion), the vertebrae will be fastened together either with a metal plate or with rods and screws. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Here, the authors assess and compare radiographic data, complications, and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) outcome scores among patients with ASD who underwent a posterior spinal fixation (PSF)-only approach, a posterior approach combined with lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF+PSF), or a posterior approach combined with anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF+PSF). (nih.gov)
  • 3. The spinal fusion implant of claim 2 , wherein said implant is configured to be inserted from a posterior approach to the vertebral bodies. (google.com)
  • To analyze the effect of adding a thoracoscopic release and fusion performed in the prone position with double lung ventilation to a posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation (PSFI) for severe idiopathic scoliosis. (elsevier.com)
  • The current trend of operative treatment for adult spinal deformity (ASD) is combined anterior-posterior staged surgery. (bvsalud.org)
  • We investigated the effectiveness of cMIS using oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) and percutaneous posterior spine fixation in correcting marked sagittal deformity. (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • We aimed to determine the perioperative complications of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) as a first-stage procedure in combined anterior and posterior operation for adult spinal deformity (ASD) along with sagittal imbalance. (bvsalud.org)
  • After halo-gravity traction for 4 weeks, we performed anterior and posterior spinal fusion. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • CONCLUSION: This case suggests that anterior and posterior spinal fusion combined with everolimus therapy can be a therapeutic option for GSD. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Children's National has a team of highly-specialized experts that work together to correct idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents using posterior spinal fusion surgery. (childrensnational.org)
  • The tether system most commonly used anteriorly is only approved for use in the posterior lumbar spine "to provide immobilization and stabilization of spinal segments as an adjunct to fusion in the treatments of the following acute and chronic instabilities or deformities of the thoracic, lumbar and sacral spine: degenerative spondylolisthesis with objective evidence of neurologic impairment and failed previous fusion (pseudarthrosis)" (Zimmer Biomet). (srs.org)
  • The treatment of adult deformity has improved with the development and use of modern segmental instrumentation, including posterior instrumentation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Anterior spinal fusion by use of modified Zielke ventral derotation system (anterior approach to spine through thorax) was performed in 25 patients, whereas posterior approach was used in 25 patients. (ebscohost.com)
  • Superior Vena Cava Compression During Posterior Spinal Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis. (ebscohost.com)
  • The MID-C System is attached to the patient's posterior spine on the concave side of the spinal curvature. (fda.gov)
  • therefore, recently, posterior spinal fusion has been applied for the correction of sagittal spinal malalignment. (hindawi.com)
  • Anterior migration of an interbody graft in posterior lumbar interbody fusion: Report of three cases without removal of the migrated graft. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Can chiropractic manipulation correct vertebral malalignment in lumbar spinal stenosis? (healthtap.com)
  • Spinal stenosis refers to narrowing of the spinal canal that can cause severe pain. (wakehealth.edu)
  • In the same way, lumbar stenosis squeezes your spinal nerves, especially when you stand. (wakehealth.edu)
  • If the stenosis occurs in the cervical or thoracic spine, resulting in the spinal cord compression, this is called myelopathy and may end up being a permanent problem. (wakehealth.edu)
  • We diagnose spinal stenosis with a MRI scan or CT scan . (wakehealth.edu)
  • At Wake Forest Baptist Health's Spine Center , we offer a full array of treatments for spinal stenosis. (wakehealth.edu)
  • We remove a thickened ligament or overgrown facet or hinge joint, or removal of a bulging disc or spur, opening up the spinal canal and relieving the stenosis. (wakehealth.edu)
  • This is a great treatment option when just 1 or 2 joints or segments of the spine are involved and may be used in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spinal stenosis. (wakehealth.edu)
  • A patient who undergoes a surgical decompression for severe symptomatic spinal stenosis should expect a significant reduction in pain and an improvement in their lifestyle. (wakehealth.edu)
  • With state-of-the-art imaging, easily accessible clinics, and the most advanced minimally invasive techniques and surgeons, you receive personalized treatment of your spinal stenosis with the highest probability of success. (wakehealth.edu)
  • Occurs, rarely, after a common procedure used to treat spinal stenosis (pinched nerves) in adults - especially if many levels are decompressed. (srs.org)
  • [2] Other common pathological conditions that are treated by spinal fusion include spinal stenosis , spondylolisthesis , spondylosis , spinal fractures , scoliosis , and kyphosis . (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] The greatest benefit appears to be in spondylolisthesis , while evidence is less good for spinal stenosis . (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Other common causes include disc herniation, spinal stenosis, trauma, and spinal tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Spinal stenosis results from bony growths ( osteophytes ) or thickened ligaments that cause narrowing of the spinal canal over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Learn about the types of complex spinal deformities and degenerative spine, Stenosis, Scoliosis, and Charcot Spine. (craighospital.org)
  • Fewer motion segments, specifically in the lumbar spine, may lead to decreased function in high-level physical activity (e.g. competitive athletics) and increased risk of degenerative changes in the adjacent segments leading to secondary back pain, lower extremity radiculopathy or spinal stenosis symptoms. (srs.org)
  • L4-5 disc desiccation with bulge which results in mild thecal sac deformity and mild bilateral foraminal stenosis. (healthboards.com)
  • As with aging, the odontoid process can become hypermobile, narrowing the space where the spinal cord and brain stem travel (spinal stenosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lumbar radiculopathy may occur when the spinal nerve roots are irritated or compressed by one of many conditions, including lumbar disc herniation, spinal stenosis, osteophyte formation, spondylolithesis, forminal stenosis, or other degenerative disorders. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Fusion surgery is commonly done when a patient has some type of degenerative disc disease, herniated discs, stenosis, or other spinal injuries that cause pain or spinal instability. (regenexx.com)
  • Group T tends to improve more in the magnitude of VAS of lumbar pain compared to group L. Improvement of spinal alignment revealed the advantage of long fusion compared to short fusion, in Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), lumbar lordosis (LL), PI-LL C7 plum line (C7PL), and center sacral vertebral line (CSVL). (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate these parameters in adult spinal deformity (ASD) by analyzing their relationship with spinal malalignment and vertebral osteotomies. (nih.gov)
  • They can be used as mathematical tools to detect spinal malalignment in ASD and guide the surgeon's decision of realizing a vertebral osteotomy for ASD sagittal correction. (nih.gov)
  • The Tether Vertebral Body Tethering (VBT) System (Zimmer Biomet Spine) is intended to treat growing children and adolescents whose spinal curves are approaching or have reached the range where surgical treatment is an option, the FDA explains in a news release . (medscape.com)
  • 2. The spinal fusion implant of claim 1 , wherein said opposed arcuate portions are in an angular relationship to each other along at least a portion of the length of said implant sufficient to maintain the adjacent vertebral bodies in an angular relationship to each other. (google.com)
  • The present invention is directed to methods of inserting a variety of interbody spinal fusion implants across a disc space between adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.ca)
  • inserting into said bore said spinal implant having opposed arcuate portions in an angular relationship to one another along the length of said implant and oriented toward the adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.ca)
  • 7. The method of claim 1 , wherein the distracting step includes the step of inserting a spinal distractor into the disc space between the adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.ca)
  • 8. The method of claim 7 , further comprising the step of positioning a sleeve over said spinal distractor and into contact with the adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.ca)
  • Conclusions Older (aged over 65 years) ASD patients showed greater rates of deformity due to the occurrence of degeneration and vertebral fractures, as well as a higher incidence of peri-and postoperative complications. (elsevier.com)
  • Artificial disc replacement is a type of spinal surgical procedure that replaces damaged or degenerating vertebral discs in the spine. (placidway.com)
  • Their use now to promote vertebral fusion is a new and extremely promising area of clinical study," said Jan Nolta, director of the UC Davis Institute for Regenerative Cures, as published in Science Daily . (digitaljournal.com)
  • The theory behind the use of VBT in spinal deformity is to alter the relative vertebral growth (right vs left) of the anterior spine in the coronal plane. (srs.org)
  • Over time, the vertebral bodies can become so weak that normal activities such as bending over or lifting a bag of groceries, can cause a spinal fracture. (ustoo.org)
  • Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), also known as cervical vertebral fusion syndrome, is a rare congenital condition characterized by the abnormal fusion of any two of the seven bones in the neck (cervical vertebrae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal implants include both fusion and non-fusion devices: devices associated with vertebral compression fracture (VCF), interbody devices, cervical, thoracolumbar, and spinal stimulation devices. (pitchengine.com)
  • 2019. Congenital and late onset vertebral fusions in long necked plesiosaurs: The first report of spondylosis deformans in Sauropterygians. (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • 2012). Vertebral fusions can be congenital and present from birth or develop later in life (Erdil et al. (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • 2013). Late onset vertebral fusions may be associated with bone hyperostosis and include spondylosis deformans, diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and spondyloarthropathies such as osteoarthritis of the facet joints and ankylosing spondylitis (Reswick, 1985). (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • From surveys of plesiosaurian specimens in collections from the UK, Germany and the U.S., vertebral fusions appear to have been more common in the long-necked plesiosaurians than pliosauromorphs (personal observation). (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • Instrumentation in correction operations for spinal deformities as vertebral fusion, congenital and traumatic scoliosis, carries a 0.5-5% risk of injuring the spinal cord during spinal surgery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Adult spinal deformity (ASD) reportedly occurs in more than 60% of the older population and develops with multiple conditions, including trunk muscle weakness, disk degeneration, vertebral fracture, and spondylotic changes. (hindawi.com)
  • This study examined the ability of the extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) procedure to restore coronal and sagittal alignments for patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) using computed tomography multiplanar reconstruction (CT-MPR). (nature.com)
  • XLIF has also been shown to be safe in elderly patients and is said to be superior to open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) historical controls in terms of complication rate, blood loss, and transfusion rate 10 . (nature.com)
  • The extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) [ 4 ] uses the dedicated retractor installed from lateral, abdominal, retroperitoneal, transpsoas approach to lateral portion of the intervertebral disc. (hindawi.com)
  • Currently, there are a wide number of available interbody fusion devices of varying design and material, not all of which have gained Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in the setting of a stand-alone device. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The algorithm leads to 1 of 4 interbody approaches: anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), anterior column release (ACR), lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF), and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). (thejns.org)
  • Patients in the PSF-only group had more comorbidities, those in the ALIF+PSF group were, on average, younger and had a lower body mass index than those in the LLIF+PSF group, and patients in the LLIF+PSF group had a significantly higher mean number of interbody fusion levels than those in the ALIF+PSF and PSF-only groups. (nih.gov)
  • Such techniques include minimally invasive transpsoas retroperitoneal approaches for lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF). (thejns.org)
  • Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity with Sagittal Imbalance Using Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Can We Predict How Much Lordosis Correction Is Possible? (bvsalud.org)
  • Correction of marked sagittal deformity with circumferential minimally invasive surgery using oblique lateral interbody fusion in adult spinal deformity. (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • The whole group was divided into the following two groups according to the type of interbody fusion at L5-S1: the OLIF51 group (n = 13) underwent OLIF at L1-L5 and L5-S1 and the TLIF51 group (n = 10) underwent OLIF at L1-L5 and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) at L5-S1. (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • On a global level, the Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages market report explains the market share by product types, applications and by geographical levels. (thenewswire24.com)
  • The Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages report also forecasts the market share which helps our clients to make informed decisions. (thenewswire24.com)
  • Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages market report helps in making cognizant professional decisions by having thorough insights of market and by making in-depth analysis of market segments. (thenewswire24.com)
  • It provides a advance considering perspective on various factors driving or restraining the Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages market growth. (thenewswire24.com)
  • This study consists of market segmentation by Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages product types, applications and Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages market division based on geographical regions : USA, Europe, China, India, Southeast Asia, Japan, South America, South Africa and Others. (thenewswire24.com)
  • The research study gives a complete list of all the leading players working in the Global Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages Market Study 2016-2026 Market. (thenewswire24.com)
  • The Global Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages Market report provides the rigorously studied and evaluated data of the top industry players and their scope in the market by means of several analytical tools. (thenewswire24.com)
  • Purpose The recent proliferation of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) techniques has drawn attention to potential for these techniques to control or correct sagittal misalignment in adult spinal deformity. (elsevier.com)
  • Study Design: In vitro cadaveric biomechanical study.Objective: To compare the biomechanics of integrated anchor and blade versus traditional screw fixation techniques for interbody fusion.Methods: Fifteen cadaveric cervical spines were divided into 3 equal groups (n = 5). (stanford.edu)
  • Case Series of Anterior Intervertebral Graft Extrusions in Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgeries. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cervical spine MRI showed normal spine curvature but straight spinal cord that didn't follow spinal curve. (healthtap.com)
  • Klippel-Feil syndrome, which causes most of the subaxial cervical congenital defects, involves fusion of cervical vertebrae (Figure 1). (medscape.com)
  • Chronic flexion-distraction injury leading to angular kyphotic deformity in the subaxial cervical spine. (medscape.com)
  • Spinal fusion can be used to treat a variety of conditions affecting any level of the spine- lumbar , cervical and thoracic . (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Pressure on the nerves as they exit the spinal cord ( radiculopathy ) causes pain in the area where the nerves originated (leg for lumbar pathology, arm for cervical pathology). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lumbar and cervical spinal fusions are more commonly performed than thoracic fusions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP) should not be routinely used in any type of anterior cervical spine fusion, such as with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion . (wikipedia.org)
  • 24,000 thoracic fusions and 157,000 cervical fusions are performed each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of spinal fusion surgery is to remove the cervical disc that is causing the pain, used in situations like degenerative disc disease where the cartilage that cushions the vertebra has worn away. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Type II - Long fusion below C2 with an abnormal occipital-cervical junction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Palaeopathologies are generally uncommon in plesiosaurs but in this study, pathological spinal fusions were identified in the cervical vertebrae of four long-necked, plesiosauromorph specimens from different stratigraphic horizons. (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • Outcomes of Operative Treatment for Adult Cervical Deformity: A Prospective Multicenter Assessment With 1-Year Follow-up. (duke.edu)
  • Comparing screw, anchor, or bladed integrated anterior cervical discectomy and fusion spacers revealed no significant differences. (stanford.edu)
  • Acute Implant-related Complications in Pediatric Cervical Spine Fusion. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Perioperative acute neurological deficits in instrumented pediatric cervical spine fusions. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Sixteen cases have received spinal corrective surgery that upper instrumented vertebrate (UIV) was thoracic level (group T), or 5 cases were with UIV in lumbar level (group L). Group L had shorter operation time, smaller intraoperative estimated blood loss, and shorter postoperative hospitalization days. (hindawi.com)
  • Current study elucidated that long fusion, UIV, is thoracic and can achieve better spinal alignment compared to short fusion, UIV, in lumbar. (hindawi.com)
  • When performing a prone thoracoscopic release for severe thoracic deformity, excellent coronal plane correction is achieved. (elsevier.com)
  • Inclusion criteria were ambulators who were candidates for long fusions (thoracic as the upper level) to the sacrum. (elsevier.com)
  • [5] The thoracic spine is more immobile, so most fusions are performed due to trauma or deformities like scoliosis and kyphosis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods The study included 50 patients with adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis who underwent corrective spinal surgery. (ebscohost.com)
  • Thoracic insufficiency syndrome is a complex condition that involves chest wall deformities that affect normal breathing and lung growth. (chop.edu)
  • In most cases, children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome are also born with congenital spinal disorders, such as scoliosis. (chop.edu)
  • In children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome, lung growth is limited by rib deformities and spinal curves. (chop.edu)
  • The most common cause of thoracic insufficiency syndrome occurs when a baby is born with progressive scoliosis (spinal curvature) and severe rib fusion. (chop.edu)
  • Patients undergoing concomitant interbody fusions, spinal deformity surgery or fusion to the thoracic spine were excluded. (stanford.edu)
  • Surgeries for pediatric spinal deformities present a complex set of challenges , but with diligent preoperative assessment and diagnosis and proper perioperative technique, as well as the participation of a multidisciplinary team including pediatricians, nutritionists, intensive care, and pulmonary specialists, patients can do very well. (peekmed.com)
  • For children and adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis that does not respond favorably to bracing, treatment options have been limited to fusion surgeries," Capt Raquel Peat, PhD, director, Office of Orthopedic Devices, FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health, said in the release. (medscape.com)
  • Postoperative urinary retention is a frequent complication of spinal surgeries and impacts a large portion of this population which results in increased morbidity as a result of increased number of catheterizations, urinary tract infections (UTIs) and prolonged hospital stays. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Sixty percent of patients who have spinal fusion surgeries develop chronic pain or persistent discomfort, with adequate spinal fusions failing in approximately eight to 35 percent of patients. (digitaljournal.com)
  • A lack of effective new bone growth after spine fusion surgery can be a significant problem, especially in surgeries involving multiple spinal segments," said Schrot, co-principal investigator for the study, also reported in Science Daily. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The current method for posterolateral lumbar fusion surgeries utilizes autograft bone typically derived from the patient's iliac crest. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The US is the largest market for spinal surgeries and is expected to achieve significant growth on the account of aging population, growing number of younger patients, changing lifestyles and product innovations. (pitchengine.com)
  • Calderon is not charged in connection with the medical fraud itself but with taking Drobot's money in exchange for the senator's help in ensuring that a highly lucrative law covering spinal surgeries remain unmolested by reform impulses in Sacramento. (lamag.com)
  • preoperative administration of amantadine sulphate on the duration of wake up test during major spine deformities corrective surgeries. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • While computer-assisted navigation (NAV) and intraoperative neuromonitoring (ION) have been shown to improve safety in deformity surgeries, their use in routine PLFs remain controversial. (stanford.edu)
  • These surgeries are lengthy, risky, and painful, and besides the fact that the term "fusing" seems more suited a welder's trade than a surgeon's-or perhaps because of it-the truth is, long-term 360 degree fusion outcomes are awful! (regenexx.com)
  • There are many different types of spinal fusion surgeries out there, and each carry significant risks with them. (regenexx.com)
  • The Universal Clamp Spinal Fixation System is used in conjunction with spinal fusion surgeries. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The major factors driving the growth of this market are the increasing incidence of spinal injuries, rising geriatric population and the subsequent increase in the prevalence of age-associated orthopedic disorders (arthritis and osteoporosis), technological advancements, and the growing preference for minimally invasive surgeries. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Spinal alignment with Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-Schwab classification, HRQOL with SRS-22, complications, and patient satisfaction were evaluated. (springer.com)
  • For the ASD patients with complications, short fusion can be one of the options. (hindawi.com)
  • But as with any surgery, spinal fusion carries the potential risk of complications. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Previous work has suggested that minimally invasive spinal deformity correction is associated with fewer intraoperative complications than open or hybrid techniques 9 with comparable clinical outcomes. (thejns.org)
  • In these individuals, spinal fusion surgery to permanently stabilize and correct the problem is often successful but may restrict motion of the spine and lead to long-term complications such as pain, arthritis, and future spinal deformities, requiring additional surgery, the FDA notes. (medscape.com)
  • General complications consistent with any spinal surgical procedure included pain, respiratory problems, nerve injuries, and bleeding. (medscape.com)
  • Effect of Antifibrinolytic Therapy on Complications, Thromboembolic Events, Blood Product Utilization, and Fusion in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery. (duke.edu)
  • Its effect on major and minor perioperative complications, blood product utilization, vascular events, and postoperative fusion in patients undergoing ASD surgery remains unclear. (duke.edu)
  • Committee for Adult Deformity, Japanese Scoliosis Society 2017, ' A Japanese nationwide multicenter survey on perioperative complications of corrective fusion for elderly patients with adult spinal deformity ', Journal of Orthopaedic Science , vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 237-242. (elsevier.com)
  • This format will allow the reader to better synthesize the dense information encompassing spinal deformity complications and pearls to avoid them. (worldcat.org)
  • In addition, complication management is emphasized since complications will occur regardless of skill level, experience, or meticulous technique given the complex nature of spinal deformity. (worldcat.org)
  • However, the powerful distraction forces along the spine, which houses the spinal cord, and prolonged immobilisation resulted in some alarming and unexpected complications. (hkmj.org)
  • These complications are generally results of complex factors such as direct effects of compression on the spinal cord, distraction, the effects of spinal ischemia or arterial hypotension. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Objective To investigate the timing of complications after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusion Understanding the timing of specific complications after adult spinal deformity surgery is important for both patients and clinicians. (elsevier.com)
  • Computer-assisted surgical navigation is associated with an increased risk of neurological complications: a review of 67,264 posterolateral lumbar fusion cases. (stanford.edu)
  • Background: Pedicle screw malposition may result in neurological complications following posterolateral lumbar fusions (PLF). (stanford.edu)
  • For high-grade spondylolisthesis and long adult deformity fusions to the sacrum, a montage of bilateral S1 screws and iliac screws were effective in protecting the sacral screws from failure. (nih.gov)
  • According to Mayo Clinic , common conditions that require spinal fusion are degenerative disc disease, broken or fractured vertebrae, spondylolisthesis, spine deformities, herniated disc, chronic low back pain, spinal instability or weakness. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Some of the major conditions that require spine implants are chronic degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, traumatic fracture, and other forms of spinal instabilities. (sbwire.com)
  • Case report demonstrates the application of minimally invasive spinal fusion technology to spinal trauma for fracture stabilization. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Objective: To report the outcome of adult spinal deformity (ASD) in patients with rod fracture (RF) after thoracolumbar fusion. (elsevier.com)
  • A spinal fracture occurs when one of the bones in the spinal column breaks. (ustoo.org)
  • Although you can't feel your bones getting weaker, you might feel a spinal fracture when it occurs. (ustoo.org)
  • Sudden and severe pain, out of proportion to the activity at hand, is a hallmark sign of a spinal fracture. (ustoo.org)
  • Many patients mistakenly attribute the pain of a spinal fracture to a muscle strain or 'bad back. (ustoo.org)
  • If you have a spinal fracture that has not been diagnosed or has been treated without surgical intervention, be advised that the bone usually heals in its fractured position. (ustoo.org)
  • Just one spinal fracture that remains deformed shortens the spine and pushes it forward, adversely affecting spinal alignment. (ustoo.org)
  • Each additional fracture increases the spinal deformity. (ustoo.org)
  • The major devices used for spinal surgery are fracture repair devices, non-fusion devices, arthroplasty devices. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Rod Fracture After Apparently Solid Radiographic Fusion in Adult Spinal Deformity Patients. (duke.edu)
  • Rod fracture occurs with delayed fusion or pseudarthrosis after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. (duke.edu)
  • Ishikawa Y, Miyakoshi N, Kasukawa Y, Hongo M, Shimada Y (2009) Spinal curvature and postural balance in patients with osteoporosis. (springer.com)
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with double major curvature in a premenarchal female who presented with worsening spinal deformity. (spineuniverse.com)
  • A spinal deformity in which a sideways curvature of the spine is present usually starting after age 9. (davidsfeldmanmd.com)
  • Spinal fusion can help correct spinal deformities, such as a sideways curvature of the spine (scoliosis). (mayoclinic.org)
  • The standard treatments for idiopathic scoliosis among children and adolescents who are still growing are conservative, nonsurgical treatments such as external bracing to help correct the spinal curvature. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with the device undergo follow-up X-rays to track the spinal curvature and identify any potential problems that might require additional surgery to revise or remove the device. (medscape.com)
  • If the Tether fails to adequately correct the curvature, spinal fusion surgery is still possible. (medscape.com)
  • At 2 years, 43 patients had sufficient improvement of the curvature of their spines and did not need spinal fusion. (medscape.com)
  • A progressive curvature to the spine may occur after spinal cord injury, known as scoliosis. (craighospital.org)
  • citation needed] Associated abnormalities may include: Scoliosis (sideways curvature of the spine) Spina bifida Problems with the kidneys and the ribs Cleft palate Dental problems (delayed dentition, cavities, missing teeth) Respiratory problems Heart defects Short stature Duane syndrome Srb's anomaly Sprengel's deformity The disorder also may be associated with abnormalities of the head and face, skeleton, sex organs, muscles, brain and spinal cord, arms, legs and fingers. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the back muscles that normally support the spine become weak, children with SMA develop spinal deformities, such as scoliosis (sideways curvature of the spine) and kyphosis (front-to-back curvature of the spine, commonly known as a humpback). (kidshealth.org)
  • Spinal deformity is an essential factor for adult abnormal posture defined as an abnormality in alignment, formation, or curvature of 1 or more portions of the spine [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Despite the accumulated knowledge of spinal alignment and clinical outcomes the full corrective surgery cannot be applied to all the deformity patients as it requires considerable surgical burden to the patients. (hindawi.com)
  • A total of 21 patients who received surgical reconstructive spinal fusion procedures and were followed up for at least one year were retrospectively reviewed. (hindawi.com)
  • He is the author of many book chapters with emphasis on spinal anatomy, minimally invasive spine surgery, and advanced surgical techniques. (spineuniverse.com)
  • From complex spinal deformity to degenerative spinal conditions, NuVasive is transforming spine surgery with innovative technologies designed to deliver reproducible and clinically proven surgical outcomes. (nuvasive.com)
  • Traditional surgical techniques for pediatric patients with severe spinal deformities can be used in older children and adolescents with great success. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Our pediatric orthopaedic surgeons have helped develop surgical and non-surgical techniques that allow for the continued growth of children with spinal deformities. (uhhospitals.org)
  • World-renowned pediatric orthopaedic physicians who are board-certified experts with specialty training to provide complete and individualized care for your child - our orthopedic surgeons have helped develop surgical and nonsurgical techniques that allow for the continued growth and successful care of children with spinal deformities. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Comparative analysis of 3 surgical strategies for adult spinal deformity with mild to moderate sagittal imbalance. (nih.gov)
  • OBJECTIVE Surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD) is an effective endeavor that can be accomplished using a variety of surgical strategies. (nih.gov)
  • CONCLUSIONS Satisfactory radiographic outcomes can be achieved similarly and adequately with these 3 surgical approaches for patients with ASD with mild to moderate sagittal deformity. (nih.gov)
  • The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of non-fusion surgical treatment of Spinal Deformity Correction in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. (mayoclinic.org)
  • STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, prospective, consecutive database of surgical patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). (duke.edu)
  • Patients who have undergone spinal fusions surgery (either for scoliosis or for degenerative low back conditions) are at risk for developing post-surgical deformity. (srs.org)
  • Better methods of selecting patients for surgery, as well as better surgical techniques have made pseudoarthrosis a less common outcome of spinal fusion surgery. (srs.org)
  • Spinal fusion , also called spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis , is a neurosurgical or orthopedic surgical technique that joins two or more vertebrae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical Treatment Surgery is performed to give the spinal cord and nerve roots more room so that they can function better. (craighospital.org)
  • Surgical Treatment Surgery is performed to stabilize the spine by way of spinal fusion and instrumentation. (craighospital.org)
  • Since Hibbs first described spine fusion surgery in the early 1900s, there have been significant advances in surgical techniques that have led to improved fusion rates, greater three-dimensional correction of spinal deformities, lower complication rates and quicker post-operative recovery. (srs.org)
  • The spinal surgical devices are the tools used for treating the spinal injuries. (digitaljournal.com)
  • To break down and inspect the worldwide Spinal Implants and Spinal Surgical Devices status and future figure including, creation, income, utilization, recorded and conjecture. (digitaljournal.com)
  • To introduce the key Spinal Implants and Spinal Surgical Devices makers, creation, income, piece of the pie, SWOT examination and improvement designs in next barely any years. (digitaljournal.com)
  • According to a new study published in Spine, a common risk of spinal fusion is a surgical site infection that can lead to unplanned readmission to the hospital. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • The researchers also discovered that a good percentage, 45.6 percent, of hospital readmissions after spinal fusion surgery was related to surgical site infections. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • The most common surgical intervention performed to correct severe scoliosis is spinal fusion. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Carragee EJ, Lehman RA Jr (2013) Spinal bracing in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. (springer.com)
  • Furthermore, Dr. Baaj completed a two-month traveling fellowship in Paris studying advanced techniques for pediatric deformity and scoliosis, with an emphasis on neuromuscular and idiopathic scoliosis. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first spinal tether device to correct idiopathic scoliosis in children and adolescents who fail to respond to conservative treatment options, such as external bracing. (medscape.com)
  • He is the author of 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals and editor of the previous Springer book, Non-idiopathic Spine Deformities in Young Children . (ebooks.com)
  • however, non-degenerative disease such as adult idiopathic scoliosis and syndromic or congenital deformity represented over 60% of pathology in patients aged less than 65 years. (elsevier.com)
  • The article presents a case study of a sixteen year old girl with idiopathic scoliosis who underwent spinal fusion treatment which resulted in her developing a superior vena cava compression. (ebscohost.com)
  • Minimum 20-year follow-up results of Harrington rod fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. (ebscohost.com)
  • We evaluated the outcome of spinal fusion with a single Harrington distraction rod in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. (ebscohost.com)
  • The Minimally Invasive Deformity Correction (MID-C) System is a non-fusion spinal device intended to prevent spinal curve progression in adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis . (fda.gov)
  • OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have reported that decompression with fusion leads to superior outcomes in correction of spinal deformity. (duke.edu)
  • With pins inserted into the lower femur, they devised the halofemoral traction for correction of spinal deformities. (hkmj.org)
  • BMP is superior to ICBG in achieving fusion in long constructs in adult deformity surgery. (elsevier.com)
  • This patient successfully underwent C2-T1 circumferential spinal fusion with correction of deformity. (medscape.com)
  • This initial study evaluated the preoperative prevalence and incidence of postoperative spinopelvic malalignment in patients who underwent one- or two-level lumbar fusions for degenerative (non-deformity) indications. (nuvasive.com)
  • METHODS The medical records of consecutive adults who underwent thoracolumbar fusion for ASD between 2003 and 2013 at a single institution were reviewed. (nih.gov)
  • This study retrospectively evaluated 23 patients with ASD with marked sagittal deformity who underwent cMIS using OLIF without osteotomy and were followed-up for at least 24 months (whole group). (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • Patients who underwent corrective fusion surgery for ASD between 2011 and 2013 were included. (elsevier.com)
  • 374 (42.8%) patients underwent laminectomy in addition to spinal fusion. (duke.edu)
  • Inclusion criteria were adult patients (over 21 years of age) who underwent spinal fusion for ASD. (elsevier.com)
  • Global spinal kyphosis progresses as a means to offload painful facet joints, and autofusion in this abnormal sagittal alignment leads to a fixed flexion deformity. (medscape.com)
  • The deformity takes on the form of scoliosis (front curve) or kyphosis (forward bend). (srs.org)
  • Halo-pelvic traction was ideal for the treatment of severe and rigid spinal deformities such as healed tuberculous kyphosis. (hkmj.org)
  • Some patients who have a spine deformity, which may include kyphosis and Scheuermann's disease , may want to undergo spinal fusion surgery to correct the deformity and increase mobility, according to Spine Health. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Furthermore, susceptibility to spinal fractures leads to frequent and missed fractures that can worsen the existing deformity. (medscape.com)
  • It can also improve spinal deformities from the fractures. (epnet.com)
  • A randomized trial of vertebroplasty for osteoporotic spinal fractures. (epnet.com)
  • Further complicating the issue is that spinal fractures often occur with only mild, or even indiscernible, pain. (ustoo.org)
  • Does gait posture well reflect ability of social life after corrective surgery for adult spinal deformity? (nii.ac.jp)
  • In the retrospective cohort study, a group of researchers from the University of California in San Francisco studied 836 patients who had received spinal fusion surgery for adult spinal deformity. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Spinal fusion is surgery to permanently connect two or more vertebrae in your spine, eliminating motion between them. (mayoclinic.org)
  • During spinal fusion, your surgeon places bone or a bonelike material within the space between two spinal vertebrae. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Spinal fusion permanently connects two or more vertebrae in your spine to improve stability, correct a deformity or reduce pain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The technique your surgeon uses depends on the location of the vertebrae to be fused, the reason for the spinal fusion, and in some instances, your general health and body shape. (mayoclinic.org)
  • An improved prosthetic implant for forming a rigid structure between adjoining vertebrae in a spinal column. (google.com)
  • Results from a spinal fusion that places additional stress on the neighboring segments to the fused vertebrae, possibly contributing to accelerated arthritis. (srs.org)
  • Spinal fusion is most commonly performed to relieve the pain and pressure on the spinal cord that results when a disc (cartilage between two vertebrae) wears out ( degenerative disc disease ). (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Fusion also changes the normal motion of the spine and results in more stress on the vertebrae above and below the fused segments. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adjustable implant for correcting spinal deformities which includes a frame to which the vertebrae are wired and which frame includes a pair of elongated rod members which are united at spaced intervals by arcuately shaped spacer members which retain the rod members substantially parallel and wherein. (google.com.au)
  • An adjustable implant for correcting spinal deformities which includes a frame to which the vertebrae are wired and which frame includes a pair of elongated rod members which are united at spaced intervals by arcuately shaped spacer members which retain the rod members substantially parallel and wherein at least the uppermost spacer member is adjustable along the length of the rod members and selectively lockable with respect thereto. (google.com.au)
  • A dowager's hump or hunchback is often caused by the collapse of spinal vertebrae. (ustoo.org)
  • The fusions were of two types: a congenital condition (block vertebrae) and a late onset condition, strongly resembling spondylosis deformans. (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • A spinal fusion is a surgery that uses hardware and screws to "fix" together two or more vertebrae to make a damaged section of spine immovable. (regenexx.com)
  • One of the more common types of fusions is called a 360 degree fusion (360 fusion) because it fuses together the vertebrae from both the front and back sides of the spinal column. (regenexx.com)
  • The "blocks" are our vertebrae , or the bones in our spinal column, and there are discs between each vertebra for absorbing shock. (regenexx.com)
  • Fusion surgery is done when vertebrae become so unstable that movement affects the nerves or causes pain. (regenexx.com)
  • But the problem from a structural standpoint is that making two or more vertebrae "fixed" and immovable simply puts more stress and load on the vertebrae above and below the fusion, which causes degenerative arthritis and can lead to adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) as you'll see in the study highlighted next. (regenexx.com)
  • Kim SI, Ha KY, Oh IS (2016) Preemptive multimodal analgesia for postoperative pain management after lumbar fusion surgery: a randomized controlled trial. (springer.com)
  • Schwab F, Patel A, Ungar B, Farcy JP, Lafage V (2010) Adult spinal deformity-postoperative standing imbalance: how much can you tolerate? (springer.com)
  • The article, "A multicenter radiographic evaluation of the rates of preoperative and postoperative malalignment in degenerative spinal fusions," reports on the rates of malalignment in nearly 600 patients whose measurements were retrospectively acquired. (nuvasive.com)
  • Researchers measured lateral preoperative and postoperative lumbar radiographs of one- or two-level lumbar fusion patients using the NuVasive iGA platform. (nuvasive.com)
  • These relatively high rates of pre- and postoperative malalignment, even in degenerative cases, demonstrate this is not a deformity-only problem and alignment should be measured in all cases. (nuvasive.com)
  • Recently, a stronger association between reduced postoperative disc height in the adjacent segment and single nucleotide polymorphisms than fusion has been reported, which indicates that some of the variation in disc height seen is related to natural history and a genetic predisposition. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine if there is a difference in intraoperative and 30-day postoperative complication rates in patients undergoing spinal fusion with and without decompression. (duke.edu)
  • 60 undergoing adult spinal deformity surgery regarding effects that lumbar stiffness may have on postoperative function and satisfaction. (nih.gov)
  • M invasive surgery (MIS) techniques are increasingly used in spine surgery, including in the treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD). (thejns.org)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the patients who have received short and long fusion for ASD. (hindawi.com)
  • To investigate clinical and radiographic outcomes for lumbosacral fusion (in patients with spinal deformity) using a combination of bilateral sacral and iliac screws with a minimum 5-year follow-up. (nih.gov)
  • A retrospective data set of circumferential MIS (cMIS) for adult spinal deformity (ASD) collected over a 5-year period was analyzed by level in the lumbar spine to identify surgeon preferences and evaluate segmental lordosis outcomes. (thejns.org)
  • To compare the use of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) or iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) on the long-term outcomes in patients undergoing long fusions to the sacrum for adult spinal deformity. (elsevier.com)
  • This study would be the first large-scale prospective, multi-center series of spinal fusion outcomes in patients with Cerebral Palsy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study will compare the outcomes of both groups to help the Orthopaedic surgeon conducting spinal fusions in the future. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We systemically reviewed published studies related to LLIF use in adult spinal deformity treatment with emphasis on radiographic assessment of sagittal balance.Methods A literature review was conducted to examine studies focusing on sagittal balance restoration in adult degenerative scoliosis with the LLIF approach. (elsevier.com)
  • Dr. Baaj advanced his training as a Research Fellow at the Spinal Biomechanics Laboratory at St. Joseph's Hospital and Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix and as a Complex Spine Fellow at Johns Hopkins, with an emphasis on advanced techniques in spinal tumor resection and spinal reconstruction. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The purpose of this registry is to collect clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data specific for primary spinal column tumor patients, and evaluate it to understand the predictive factors which influence survival, local recurrence, adverse events, perioperative morbidity, and health related quality of life. (mayoclinic.org)
  • There are four categories of spine disorders: degenerative conditions, deformities, tumor and trauma-based disorders. (pitchengine.com)
  • S53P4 has gained clinical experience within spine surgery in spine fusions and spinal deformity surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of this project is to create and implement a Mayo Clinic spinal cord injury registry that allows team members to collect, sort and analyze patient and program information from acute spinal cord injury through lifelong follow-up. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A spinal cord injury - damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal - often causes permanent changes in strength, sensation and other body functions below the site of the injury. (placidway.com)
  • In the meantime, spinal cord surgery may allow many people with a spinal cord injury to lead productive, independent lives. (placidway.com)
  • A narrowing of the spinal canal may occur after spinal cord injury secondary to progressive degenerative changes to the spine. (craighospital.org)
  • Months or more commonly years after a spinal cord injury, the bony structure of the spine may deteriorate below the level of injury, causing it to become unstable. (craighospital.org)
  • Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation puts most families in crushing debt. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • The spinal fusion implants of the present invention may be relatively solid or hollow and may have surface roughenings to promote bone ingrowth and stability. (google.com)
  • The spinal fusion implants of the present invention may have wells extending into the material of the implant from the surface for the purpose of holding fusion promoting materials and to provide for areas of bone ingrowth fixation. (google.com)
  • 11. The spinal fusion implant of claim 10 , wherein said fusion promoting substance is bone morphogenetic protein. (google.com)
  • 14. The method of claim 1 , further comprising the step of loading said implant with a material selected from one of a fusion promoting substance, a bone growth promoting material, bone morphogenetic protein, and bone prior to the step of inserting. (google.ca)
  • The concentration and dosage of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) used seems to have an effect on the rate of fusion and pseudarthrosis rate because no patient receiving more than 5 mg per level had apparent or detected pseudarthroses (n = 20/20). (elsevier.com)
  • There are many types of spinal fusion and each technique involves using bone grafting -either from the patient ( autograft ), donor ( allograft ), or artificial bone substitutes-to help the bones heal together. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers used adult stem cells from bone marrow in order to promote growth of bone tissue for spinal fusion after surgery, used for numerous conditions like degenerative disc disease. (digitaljournal.com)
  • One of the risks of any spine fusion surgery is a lack of healing of the bone graft, which is known as a pseudarthrosis. (spine-health.com)
  • In particular, the evidence linking cigarette smoking and pseudarthrosis is very strong, and it has been clearly demonstrated that nicotine inhibits the bone growing cells (osteoblasts), which are necessary to achieve a successful spine fusion. (spine-health.com)
  • At the very least, the patient needs to commit to not smoking for at least three months after the spine fusion surgery, as this is the most critical time for bone healing. (spine-health.com)
  • Anecdotal references have been made citing Hueter-Volkmann and Wolff's Laws affecting asymmetric bone growth and diaphyseal remodeling as well as the ability of orthodontists to realign teeth in adults as possible mechanisms to achieve curve correction in the adult spinal deformity patient. (srs.org)
  • These compounds must achieve similar growth and fusion rates as native bone. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study will test the applicability of Actifuse, a synthetic bone graft substitute, in instrumented multi-level adult spinal deformity surgery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It provides a scaffold for long-term bone healing and is intended to be packed gently into bony voids or gaps of the skeletal system, i.e. extremities, pelvis and spine including use in posterolateral spinal fusion procedures with appropriate stabilizing hardware. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Spinal fusions are bone disorders that appear in both extant and extinct vertebrates and can have a variety of aetiologies, which are not always easy to diagnose (Rogers et al. (palaeo-electronica.org)
  • The disease involves erosion of bone and increased bone formation in the spine, leading to bone fusion. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • One of the most common is posterolateral gutter fusion, which places bone graft in the region that lies right outside the spine. (regenexx.com)
  • Read how the latest advancement in scoliosis surgery and techniques help treat patients with spinal deformities & scoliosis. (uhhospitals.org)
  • We need to shift our mindset as spine surgeons, recognize these results from simple degenerative cases and start measuring spinopelvic parameters in all of our lumbar fusion cases, especially those that involve L4 through S1. (nuvasive.com)
  • Surgeons perform spinal fusion while you're under general anesthesia so you're unconscious during the procedure. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Surgeons have developed a variety of techniques for performing spinal fusion surgery. (mayoclinic.org)
  • These data were used to inform a Delphi session of minimally invasive deformity surgeons from which the algorithm was created. (thejns.org)
  • The use of the MIISA provides consistent guidance for surgeons who plan to perform MIS for deformity. (thejns.org)
  • Zimmer Biomet Spine will partner with a group of surgeons who specialize in treating children and adolescents with spinal deformities to develop a patient data registry to help assess the long-term performance of the Tether system. (medscape.com)
  • Our data indicate that in clinical practice, spinal surgeons have to remain vigilant to recognise latent sagittal deformities when investigating the degenerative lumbar spine. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • New York, NY -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 07/01/2020 -- The different types of spinal implants used by surgeons include hooks, cages, pedicle screws, plates, spinal cord stimulator, and rods. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Introduction of motion preserving technologies like artificial disc replacement, interspinous spacers and dynamic stabilization technologies in the recent past have provided surgeons with alternatives to fusion which has altered the face of spine market altogether. (pitchengine.com)
  • The system's reduction instrumentation allows surgeons to sequentially reduce deformity and spread the reduction forces over multiple levels. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Background Recently, corrective fusion surgery for patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has become common in Japan. (elsevier.com)
  • Behrooz A. Akbarnia, MD , is Clinical Professor in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of California, San Diego and Medical Director of the San Diego Center for Spinal Disorders, La Jolla, California, a position he has held since 1990. (ebooks.com)
  • Spinal implant is a medical device that is used to heal the back pain and normalize the disorders associated with the spine. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The key factors aiding the growth of the global market for spine implants are the rise in the number of spinal injuries and disorders and technological advancements in the field of spine implants. (sbwire.com)
  • The large share of this segment is primarily attributed to the increasing prevalence of spinal degeneration disorders and product launches. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Ishikawa Y, Miyakoshi N, Hongo M, Kasukawa Y, Kudo D, Shimada Y (2017) Relationships among spinal mobility and sagittal alignment of spine and lower extremity to quality of life and risk of falls. (springer.com)
  • EMAILWIRE.COM , January 20, 2017 ) Spinal Fusion Market analysis is provided for global market including development trends by regions, competitive analysis of the Spinal Fusion market. (emailwire.com)
  • Spinal fusion is generally a safe procedure. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Also, every fusion procedure has a risk that the bones will not join together. (srs.org)
  • Happens when the bones in a fusion procedure will not join, possibly leading to further collapse of the spine. (srs.org)
  • By replacing the disc and removing it, as in the case of spinal fusion procedure, the spine keeps its natural mobility, therefore preventing abnormal motion or stress on the other spinal segments. (placidway.com)
  • And for those who choose spinal fusion, spinal fusion device offers a therapy that can eliminate the need for an additional procedure to harvest autograft. (emailwire.com)
  • No long-term studies beyond a 2-year follow-up have been performed comparing the use of BMP versus ICBG for fusion rates in long fusions to the sacrum in adult spinal deformity. (elsevier.com)
  • Experienced by patients who have had long fusions of the spine. (srs.org)
  • Among the patients, 111 received short fusions, 402 received medium fusions and 323 received long fusions. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Patients who had undergone long fusions rather than short or medium fusions tended to have higher rates of readmission. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Failure of lumbar spinal fusions can result into adjacent segment disease which may require revision surgery or progress into a sagittal deformity. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • While it appears that the risk of failure of short lumbar fusions increases if the spino-pelvic relationships are not respected and possibly restored, the degenerative lumbar spine with mismatch between the pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis may exhibit features of a sagittal deformity. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • The concept of malalignment or mismatch between pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis therefore connects the degenerative lumbar spine to sagittal deformity. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • These patients have a compensated and still balanced sagittal deformity which often presents as a latent deformity if only the lumbar spine is considered in isolation. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • However, cMIS still has a limited sagittal correction capability for adult spinal deformity (ASD) with a marked sagittal deformity. (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • Successful sagittal correction in ASD patients with marked sagittal deformity was achieved with cMIS using OLIF. (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • OLIF at L5-S1 showed a synergistic effect in sagittal deformity correction by cMIS. (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • Altering your posture in an attempt to compensate for the kyphotic deformity can affect how you walk and strain your back and joints. (ustoo.org)
  • Spinal weakness or instability. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The strong fixation allowed osteotomies of the rigid deformity to be staged and distraction forces to be gradually applied between stages of surgery without fear of instability or spinal cord compression ( Fig 3 ). (hkmj.org)
  • The conclusion of the study was that alignment preservation and restoration considerations should be incorporated into the decision-making of all lumbar spinal fusions. (nuvasive.com)
  • With proper screening, the majority of children do well after undergoing surgery to correct spinal deformity. (peekmed.com)
  • This revolutionary implant allows a surgeon to expand a child's rib cage surgically to nurture lung growth and correct spinal deformity. (chop.edu)
  • All of them had severe spinal deformities. (hkmj.org)
  • Increased 30-Day Complication Rates Associated with Laminectomy in 874 Adult Patients with Spinal Deformity Undergoing Elective Spinal Fusion: A Single Institutional Study. (duke.edu)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing spinal fusion with laminectomy may have higher complication rates than patients undergoing spinal fusion alone. (duke.edu)
  • Background: Infection after spinal fusion for scoliosis is a commonly reported complication. (ebscohost.com)
  • The main reasons for completed, but invalid, IVA lateral spine scans (code 2) were an insufficient scan area or partial scan, degenerative disease/severe scoliosis, sclerotic spine/spinal fusion/laminectomy and poor image quality due to morbid obesity. (cdc.gov)
  • The Spinal Deformity & Scoliosis Center offers experienced and internationally recognized physicians to help children with scoliosis and other congenital spinal deformities. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Furthermore, it is unclear whether KFS is a unique disease, or if it is one part of a spectrum of congenital spinal deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal alignment improved postoperatively. (springer.com)
  • RESULTS: Analyses of sagittal spinal alignment showed no significant difference between the two groups at baseline and 2 years post-operation. (elsevier.com)
  • Alignment in deformity procedures has been relevant for years, but this is the first multicenter study to show just how common malalignment is both before and after short-segment, degenerative fusions. (nuvasive.com)
  • Prior to this research, spinal alignment considerations were only thought necessary for spinal deformity cases. (nuvasive.com)
  • It is therefore suggested that restoration of spino-pelvic alignment in short lumbar fusions may reduce the risk of revision surgery for adjacent segment disease. (spinalnewsinternational.com)
  • However, improving spinal alignment with fusion occurs at the cost of permanent, iatrogenic stiffening of the corrected segments. (srs.org)
  • Studies on VBT in animal models have demonstrated dynamic tethering of the immature spine can alter spinal alignment. (srs.org)
  • This change in spinal alignment can compress your internal organs and affect breathing, eating and digestion. (ustoo.org)
  • Spinal surgery performed entirely with minimally invasive surgery is referred to as circumferential MIS (cMIS). (backpaindoctor.co.uk)
  • A new study looked at circumferential lumbar fusions (360 degree lumbar fusions) in 73 patients at 2, 5, 10, and 15 years postop. (regenexx.com)
  • Spinal fusion may be used to stabilize the spine after removal of a damaged (herniated) disk. (mayoclinic.org)
  • In general, spinal fusion is performed to decompress and stabilize the spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical therapy and/or exercises that are designed to stabilize the spine and promote a more open space for spinal nerve roots are recommended. (emoryhealthcare.org)