The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (prion disease) of DEER and elk characterized by chronic weight loss leading to death. It is thought to spread by direct contact between animals or through environmental contamination with the prion protein (PRIONS).
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Creation of a small incised opening in a vein to permit the passage of a needle or cannula for withdrawal of blood, administration of medication, or in diagnostic or therapeutic catheterization. (Dorland, 28th ed.; Stedman, 26th ed.)
A superfamily of nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA. Characteristics include a fluid-filled outer layer of cuticle and a reduced mouth and bursa.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
The application of knowledge to the food industry.
The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.
The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.

Comparative hypocholesterolemic effects of five animal oils in cholesterol-fed rats. (1/1110)

The hypocholesterolemic efficacy of various animal oils was compared in rats given a cholesterol-enriched diet. After acclimatization for one week, male F344 DuCrj rats (8 weeks of age) that had been fed with a conventional diet were assigned to diets containing 5% of oil from emu (Dromaius), Japanese Sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis, Heude), sardine, beef tallow, or lard with 0.5% cholesterol for 6 weeks. After this feeding period, the concentrations of serum total cholesterol and of very-low-density lipoprotein + intermediate-density lipoprotein + low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in the sardine oil group were significantly lower than those in the other groups. The serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration in the Japanese Sika deer oil group was significantly higher than that in the other groups. The atherosclerotic index and liver cholesterol concentration in the sardine oil and Japanese Sika deer oil groups were significantly lower than those in the other groups. The fecal cholesterol excretion by the Japanese Sika deer oil group was significantly higher than that of the other groups, except for the sardine oil group, and the fecal bile acid excretion by the sardine oil group was significantly higher than that of the other groups, except for the lard group. These results suggest that Japanese Sika deer oil reduced the atherosclerotic index and liver cholesterol concentration in the presence of excess cholesterol in the diet as well as sardine oil did by increasing the excretion of cholesterol from the intestines of rats.  (+info)

Pregnancy detection and the effects of age, body weight, and previous reproductive performance on pregnancy status and weaning rates of farmed fallow deer (Dama dama). (2/1110)

Fallow does (n = 502) of different ages (mature, 2-yr-old, and yearling) were maintained with bucks for a 60-d breeding season to determine whether previous reproductive performance and changes in BW affect doe pregnancy rates and to compare the effectiveness of ultrasonography and serum pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB) for the detection of pregnancy in fallow does. Ultrasonography was performed, blood samples collected, and BW recorded at buck removal (d 0) and at 30 and 90 d after buck removal. Lactational status (lactating = WET; nonlactating = DRY) were determined from farm records taken at weaning prior to each breeding season (autumn 1990 through autumn 1994). Ultrasonography and PSPB for determining pregnancy were in agreement 93% of the time. Overall pregnancy rates did not differ (P>.10) relative to age of the doe; the combined pregnancy rate was 92%. We also determined that 82.9% of does conceived early in the breeding season and that the incidence of embryonal-fetal mortality during the first 90 d after buck removal was 2.8%. In general, mature and 2-yr-old DRY does were heavier and had lower pregnancy rates than WET does. The overall weaning rate for all does was 77.9%. Loss in the number of fawns from pregnancy detection to weaning was equivalent to 14.8% for mature does, 24.7% for 2 yr old does, and 42.5% for yearling does. These data indicate that even though pregnancy rates were relatively high, further study is needed to determine the causes associated with subsequent fawn losses, particularly among yearling does. As a production tool, lactational WET/ DRY status testing was found to be an acceptable means for determining the reproductive potential of individual does within the herd. In addition, serum PSPB may be used in place of ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis in fallow deer as early as d 30 after buck removal.  (+info)

Observations on animal and human health during the outbreak of Mycobacterium bovis in game farm wapiti in Alberta. (3/1110)

This report describes and discusses the history, clinical, pathologic, epidemiologic, and human health aspects of an outbreak of Mycobacterium bovis infection in domestic wapiti in Alberta between 1990 and 1993, shortly after legislative changes allowing game farming. The extent and seriousness of the outbreak of M. bovis in wapiti in Alberta was not fully known at its onset. The clinical findings in the first recognized infected wapiti are presented and the postmortem records for the herd in which the animal resided are summarized. Epidemiologic findings from the subsequent field investigation are reviewed, the results of recognition and investigation of human exposure are updated, and recommendations for reduction of human exposure are presented.  (+info)

Direct imaging of DNA in living cells reveals the dynamics of chromosome formation. (4/1110)

Individual chromosomes are not directly visible within the interphase nuclei of most somatic cells; they can only be seen during mitosis. We have developed a method that allows DNA strands to be observed directly in living cells, and we use it to analyze how mitotic chromosomes form. A fluorescent analogue (e.g., Cy5-dUTP) of the natural precursor, thymidine triphosphate, is introduced into cells, which are then grown on the heated stage of a confocal microscope. The analogue is incorporated by the endogenous enzymes into DNA. As the mechanisms for recognizing and removing the unusual residues do not prevent subsequent progress around the cell cycle, the now fluorescent DNA strands can be followed as they assemble into chromosomes, and segregate to daughters and granddaughters. Movies of such strands in living cells suggest that chromosome axes follow simple recognizable paths through their territories during G2 phase, and that late replicating regions maintain their relative positions as prophase chromosomes form. Quantitative analysis confirms that individual regions move little during this stage of chromosome condensation. As a result, the gross structure of an interphase chromosome territory is directly related to that of the prophase chromosome.  (+info)

Lesions and transmission of experimental adenovirus hemorrhagic disease in black-tailed deer fawns. (5/1110)

Adenovirus infection was the cause of an epizootic of hemorrhagic disease that is believed to have killed thousands of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in California during the latter half of 1993. A systemic vasculitis with pulmonary edema and hemorrhagic enteropathy or a localized vasculitis associated with necrotizing stomatitis/pharyngitis/glossitis or osteomyelitis of the jaw were common necropsy findings in animals that died during this epizootic. To study transmission of adenovirus infection in deer and susceptibility of black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) fawns to adenovirus infection, six 3-6-month-old black-tailed fawns were divided into two treatment groups. One group was inoculated intravenously and the other group was inoculated through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth with purified adenovirus. Each treatment group also included two additional fawns (four total) that were not inoculated but were exposed to inoculated animals (contact animals). One fawn served as a negative control. Between 4 and 16 days postinoculation, 8/10 fawns developed systemic or localized infection with lesions identical to lesions seen in animals with natural disease that died during the epizootic. Transmission was by direct contact, and the route of inoculation did not affect the incubation period or the distribution of the virus (systemic or the localized infection). Immunohistochemical analysis using polyclonal antiserum against bovine adenovirus type 5 demonstrated staining in endothelial cells of vessels in numerous tissues in animals with systemic infection and endothelial staining only in vessels subtending necrotic foci in the upper alimentary tract in animals with the localized form of the disease. All inoculated or exposed animals had staining in the tonsillar epithelium. Transmission electron microscopic examination of lung and ileum from two fawns with pulmonary edema and hemorrhagic enteropathy demonstrated endothelial necrosis and adenovirus virions in endothelial cell nuclei. Adenovirus was reisolated in black-tailed deer pulmonary artery endothelial cells using lung homogenate of the first fawn that developed systemic adenovirus infection. Serum virus neutralization test results suggest that this deer adenovirus is a new serotype.  (+info)

Diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever by PCR using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. (6/1110)

A previously described polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay (amplification of a 238-bp fragment of ovine herpesvirus 2 [OHV-2] genomic DNA) for diagnosis of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) was adapted for use on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. Variables affecting its use were examined. Archived tissues from cattle, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and bison (Bison bison) diagnosed with MCF by clinical signs or histologic lesions were obtained from 2 veterinary diagnostic laboratories. Tissues from healthy animals and from animals diagnosed with other common bovine viral diseases were examined as controls. A total of 86 blocks from 37 suspect MCF cases were examined. Forty-one blocks from healthy animals and animals with unrelated viral diseases were examined as controls. The assay was specific for sheep-associated MCF and did not yield false-positive signals from healthy animals or from cases of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine virus diarrhea, mucosal disease, or parainfluenza-3 virus infection. A wide variety of tissues were suitable substrates, including spleen, lymph node, intestine, brain, lung, and kidney. Extracted DNA provided a more suitable target than did unextracted tissue lysate. The highest levels of viral DNA were present in lymphoid organs and intestine, but the data indicate that in acute clinical cases, most organs contain sufficient viral DNA to serve as a suitable diagnostic specimen. Fixation of 0.5-cm3 blocks of tissue in 10% neutral buffered formalin was deleterious to the target DNA, and PCR signals progressively diminished after fixation for >45 days. Detection of genomic DNA of OHV-2 by PCR was successful for archived tissues that were 15 years old.  (+info)

Low-temperature sensitivity and enhanced Bohr effect in red deer (Cervus elaphus) haemoglobin: a molecular adaptive strategy to life at high altitude and low temperature. (7/1110)

A study of the functional properties of haemoglobin from red deer (Cervus elaphus) whose habitat varies over a wide range of latitude, was performed. The oxygen-binding properties of the most common haemoglobin phenotype from the species living in Sardinia were examined with particular attention to the effect of pH, chloride, 2, 3-bisphosphoglycerate and temperature. Results indicate that red deer haemoglobin, like all haemoglobins from ruminants so far examined, is characterized by a low intrinsic oxygen affinity, with chloride being its main physiological modulator in vivo. The functional results and the low temperature sensitivity of the oxygen affinity are discussed in the light of the amino acid sequence of closely related ruminant haemoglobins.  (+info)

Environmental variation shapes sexual dimorphism in red deer. (8/1110)

Sexual dimorphism results from dichotomous selection on male and female strategies of growth in relation to reproduction. In polygynous mammals, these strategies reflect sexual selection on males for access to females and competitive selection on females for access to food. Consequently, in such species, males display rapid early growth to large adult size, whereas females invest in condition and early sexual maturity at the expense of size. Hence, the magnitude of adult size dimorphism should be susceptible to divergence of the sexes in response to environmental factors differentially influencing their growth to reproduction. We show that divergent growth of male and female red deer after 32 years of winter warming and 15 years of contemporaneously earlier plant phenology support this prediction. In response to warmer climate during their early development, males grew more rapidly and increased in size, while female size declined. Conversely, females, but not males, responded to earlier plant phenology with increased investment in condition and earlier reproduction. Accordingly, adult size dimorphism increased in relation to warmer climate, whereas it declined in relation to forage quality. Thus, the evolutionary trajectories of growth related to reproduction in the sexes (i) originate from sexual and competitive selection, (ii) produce sexual size dimorphism, and (iii) are molded by environmental variation.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Antleroma in a Free-ranging White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus). AU - Munk, Brandon A.. AU - Garrison, E.. AU - Clemons, B.. AU - Keel, Michael K. PY - 2015/1/29. Y1 - 2015/1/29. N2 - A 2-year-old male free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was diagnosed with bilateral expansile tumors of antler origin. The deer was found dead by a landowner in High Springs, Florida. Two roughly spherical, multilobular, broad-based, bony, velvet-covered masses originated from each antler pedicle. These masses replaced or displaced many of the bones and soft tissues of the skull and extended through the left cribriform plate and the right petrous temporal bone, compressing portions of the brain. Microscopically, the masses closely resembled normal-growing antler, containing all the elements thereof but with areas of necrosis and hemorrhage suggestive of ischemi or trauma. Tumorlike outgrowths termed antleromas have been described in free-ranging and captive cervids and ...
White-tailed deer populations in suburban and urban areas have expanded dramatically in recent years and have produced widespread problems across the United States. Currently there are several methods to control the size and growth of deer populations. I modeled the use of immunocontraception on a hypothetical, urban deer population and found 60% of the does would need to be vaccinated with porcine zona pellucida (PZP) in order to stabilize the herd. I also found that the population would decrease after 70% of the females received the immunocontraceptive. The cost of administering the drug significantly out-weighs the price per dose of PZP, making the use of immunocontraceptives on urban white-tailed deer populations cost-inefficient.. Meredith Millis, 00 Des Moines, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Electron spin resonance assessment of susceptibility of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) to oilseed rape (Brassica napus) poisoning. AU - McPhail, D B. AU - Morrice, P C. AU - Sibbald, A. M.. AU - Duncan, A. J.. AU - Duthie, G. G.. PY - 1994/10. Y1 - 1994/10. N2 - Ex vivo studies have been carried out on roe and red deer erythrocytes using electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Free radical formation in cells challenged with the brassica-derived haemolysin, dimethyldisulphide, was measured using spin trapping techniques. Significantly greater amounts of radical were trapped in the roe deer cells which may relate to differences in the antioxidant profile of the two genotypes. Results suggest that roe deer have a greater risk of developing oilseed rape poisoning than red deer.. AB - Ex vivo studies have been carried out on roe and red deer erythrocytes using electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Free radical formation in cells challenged with the ...
The objective of the present study was to compare estradiol/progesterone ratios of different age categories of red deer hinds and use it as a predictor of estrus synchronization success and consequently conception rate. To accomplish this we used 38 red deer hinds to establish serum progesterone and estradiol levels in young (21 animals), mature (10 animals) and old (7 animals) hinds during the estrus synchronization procedure (transvaginal/cervical AI). The following estrus synchronization was used: at the start of the experiment each hind received a controlled intravaginal drug-releasing device (CIDR, Pharmacia&Upjohn, New Zealand) containing 0.3 g of progesterone. The device was removed on day 11, simultaneously with an application of 250 IU of Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin (PMSG, Folligon® Intervet International, Boxmeer, Holland). Transvaginal/ cervical AI (artificial insemination) was performed 48 hours after CIDR withdrawal (day 13). Blood samples were obtained from the jugul...ar ...
The exact incubation period for natural CWD in cervids is not known and may vary between species. However the youngest clinically affected free-living elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni - Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervus elaphus - Red deer)) was 21 months old, the youngest captive elk was 17 months. In Odocoileus hemionus - Mule deer the youngest naturally infected individual with clinical signs was 18 months old. In Odocoileus virginianus - White-tailed deer the youngest individual with clinical signs was 1.5 years old. Data from two outbreaks in a wildlife research facility in Colorado suggested an incubation period of 18-36 months. An incubation period of 17-24 months was seen following experimental infection by intracerebral inoculation. With experimental oral infection the incubation period was 12-34 months in elk while in mule deer the earliest onset of clinical signs occurred at 15 months after oral inoculation ...
Interpretive Summary: In this communication we report final observations on experimental transmission of chronic wasting disease (CWD) from elk and white-tailed deer to fallow deer. The study was terminated 5 years after it was initiated. Thirteen fawns were inoculated intracerebrally with CWD-infected brain material from white-tailed deer (n = 7) or elk (n = 6) and 3 other fawns were kept as uninoculated controls. This study demonstrates that brain-inoculated fallow deer do amplify CWD prions from white tailed-deer and elk and that there may be some differences in these two inocula. Technical Abstract: In this communication we report final observations on experimental transmission of chronic wasting disease (CWD) from elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) and white tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) to fallow deer (Dama dama). The study was terminated 5 years after it was initiated. Thirteen fawns were inoculated intracerebrally with CWD infected brain material from white tailed deer (n = 7) or elk (n ...
The authors studied some reproductive characteristics of wild female sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis Heude, 1884) in Ashoro District, Hokkaido. Large numbers of females attained sexual maturation at the age of yearling, and the pregnancy rate of y
Odocileus hemionus columbianus. Black-tailed deer are a sub-species of mule deer (Odeocileus hemionus hemionus) found west of the Cascade Mountains. Black-tailed deer have all black tails, while mule deer have white tails with black tips. Otherwise black-tailed deer and mule deer are very similar, both in appearance and behavior. Black-tailed deer, like mule deer, have large, fuzzy, mule-like ears, red-brown coats, and white rumps. These deer are found widely in the parks forested regions. In summer, bucks will move to higher elevations while does and fawns stay at lower regions. Deer are most active at dawn and dusk and they eat a variety of grasses and vegetation. In winter their diet shifts to include more twigs and woody vegetation.. ...
Some black-tailed deer populations have been declining in western Oregon and Washington, and often the declines are attributed to large-scale changes to the structure of their forest habitats. A common hypothesis is that use of herbicides in managed forests contributes to deer population declines by reducing availability of nutritious forbs and shrubs. This hypothesis will be tested in a study of the grazing behavior and nutritional status of trained black-tail deer on a variety of habitat types in forested landscapes. Investigators include Professor Lisa Shipley (Washington State University); Amy Ulappa (Ph.D. candidate at WSU); and Drs. Rachel and John Cook (NCASI). Preparations for field work include bottle-raising black-tailed deer fawns obtained from rehabbers across the western portion of Washington and from the Muckleshoot Tribe. The experimental herd includes 13 females and two males for breeding. Beginning in June 2012, Rachel and Amy will be taking these animals out into the woods in ...
Wildlife disease transmission, at a local scale, can occur from interactions between infected and susceptible conspecifics or from a contaminated environment. Thus, the degree of spatial overlap and rate of contact among deer is likely to impact both direct and indirect transmission of infectious diseases such chronic wasting disease (CWD) or bovine tuberculosis. We identified a strong relationship between degree of spatial overlap (volume of intersection) and genetic relatedness for female white-tailed deer in Wisconsins area of highest CWD prevalence. We used volume of intersection as a surrogate for contact rates between deer and concluded that related deer are more likely to have contact, which may drive disease transmission dynamics. In addition, we found that age of deer influences overlap, with fawns exhibiting the highest degree of overlap with other deer. Our results further support the finding that female social groups have higher contact among related deer which can result...
Roe Deer On The Run. They prefer small clearings in forests. These horns drop off in the winter and are grown again by the end of the spring, ready for the August rut, or breeding season. Generaly start from the third week of July to the middle of August. At Scottish Borders Roe Deer Stalking we are able to offer first class stalking for Roe Buck and Roe Does during their relevant season which stretches from 1st April to 31st October for Bucks, and from 21st October to 31st March for Does. Roe Deer. Roe deer are also bagged using shotguns in some areas. How do roe deer breed? Richard Prior, Deer Watch. Being on a different schedule than other deer in the northern hemisphere, prime Roe deer hunting windows include May into early June (considered the early season), as well the rut, which occurs in late July and into August. We often see deer on Sunk Island- at least once a week. The deer is called with a whistle, creating a special atmosphere during the hunting. The Roe Deer is a relatively ...
VALIDATION OF A BRUCELLA ABORTUS COMPETITIVE ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY FOR USE IN ROCKY MOUNTAIN ELK (CERVUS ELAPHUS NELSONI) - Texas A&M University (TAMU) Scholar profile, educations, publications, research, recent courses, and student works
CONCORD, N.H. - New Hampshires white-tailed deer population once again showed no evidence of chronic wasting disease (CWD), based on monitoring data gathered during the 2014 hunting season. New Hampshire Fish and Game Deer Biologist Dan Bergeron recently received results from a federally certified veterinary diagnostic laboratory that indicate that all the deer tissue samples taken during last falls hunting season tested negative for CWD. A total of 423 tissue samples were tested.. Chronic wasting disease is a neurological disorder that is fatal to white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk and moose, but the World Health Organization has concluded that there is no evidence that people can become infected with CWD.. CWD is transmitted by an abnormal prion protein present in the nervous system and lymphatic tissue of infected animals. These abnormal proteins are very stable and may persist in the environment for several years, posing a risk to animals that come into contact with them. The abnormal ...
A survey of 41 mule deer (Odocolleus hemionus) and three white-tailed deer (O. virginianus) for bovine tuberculosis was conducted on a Montana (USA) cattle ranch from 2 November 1993 through January 1994. Gross and microscopic lesions typical of tuberculosis were present in tonsil and lymph nodes of the head, thorax, and abdomen of one adult female mule deer. Additionally, a single microgranuloma considered morphologically suggestive of tuberculosis was present in one lymph node of the head of a second mule deer. Mycobacterial isolates from lymph nodes of the head and thorax of the first deer were identified as Mycobacterium bovis.
AUSTIN - A two-year-old white-tailed deer in a Medina County deer breeding facility has been confirmed positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). This is the first case of CWD detected in captive white-tailed deer in Texas. CWD was first detected in Texas in 2012 in free-ranging mule deer in the Hueco Mountains in far West Texas.. The Medina County tissue samples submitted by the breeder facility in early June as part of routine deer mortality surveillance revealed the presence of CWD during testing at the Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) in College Station. The National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa, confirmed the findings on Tuesday, June 30.. An epidemiological investigation to determine the extent of the disease, assess risks to Texas free ranging deer and protect the captive deer and elk breeding industry is being led by the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC), in coordination with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) and U.S. ...
Several natural predators of white-tailed deer occur. Wolves, cougars, American alligators, jaguars (in the tropics), and humans are the most effective natural predators of white-tailed deer. These predators frequently pick out easily caught young or infirm deer (which is believed to improve the genetic stock of a population), but can and do take healthy adults of any size. Bobcats, Canada lynx, bears, wolverines, and packs of coyotes usually prey mainly on fawns. Bears may sometimes attack adult deer, while lynxes, coyotes, and wolverines are most likely to take adult deer when the ungulates are weakened by harsh winter weather.[12] Many scavengers rely on deer as carrion, including New World vultures, raptors, foxes, and corvids. Few wild predators can afford to be picky and any will readily consume deer as carrion. Records exist of American crows attempting to prey on white-tailed deer fawns by pecking around their face and eyes, though no accounts of success are given.[29] Occasionally, both ...
Abstract. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are an abundant mammal with a wide geographic distribution in the United States, which make them good sentinels for monitoring arboviral activity across the country. Exposure to various arboviruses has been detected in white-tailed deer, typically in conjunction with another diagnostic finding. To better assess the exposure of white-tailed deer to seven arboviruses, we tested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4.2%), St. Louis encephalitis, (3.7%), West Nile (6.0%), Maguari (19.4%), La Crosse (30.3%), and bluetongue (7.8%) viruses. At least one arbovirus was detected in 51.3%, and exposure to more than one arbovirus was identified in 17.6% of the white-tailed deer sampled.
In an attempt to establish reference values for sperm morphology in wild red deer, genital tracts were collected from thirty-six 3-11 years old free-ranging, wild red deer stags (Cervus elaphus L) shot down during 3 consecutive mating seasons (1996-1998) at three different environmental regions of Poland, defining two major ecotypes: (i) highland (outer eastern Carpathian range, Bieszczady mountains) and, (ii) lowland (Mazuria and Pomerania) and studied within 4.5h-49h after death for testis (T), epididymides (E) and vesicular gland (VG) variables. Spermatozoa collected from the E-cauda were examined for motility and morphology (light and electron microscopy levels). Both T size and weight and VS-weight differed with age (P,0.05-0.01) while habitat influenced T size and weight (P,0.01) a well as sperm motility (P,0.05). Neither sperm numbers nor morphology showed significant differences, mostly owing to. the large variation recorded among stags (range 1-72%). Domain-grouped sperm morphological ...
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer), Adult Weight: 191.80 lbs (87.00 kg), Birth Weight: 6.61 lbs (3.00 kg), Diet - Seeds: 10 %, Diet - Plants: 90 %, Diet: Granivore, Herbivore, Forages - Ground: 100 %, Female Maturity: 10 months 9 days, |span class=ultooltip title=Incubation|Gestation|/span|: 6 months 18 days, |span class=ultooltip title=Brood / Clutch|Litter|/span| Size: 2, |span class=ultooltip title=Broods / Clutches|Litters|/span| / Year: 1, Maximum Longevity: 22 years, Male Maturity: 1 year 1 month, |span class=ultooltip title=Level to the ground|Speed|/span|: 30.00 MPH (13.41 m/s), Weaning: 4 months 9 days
The decline of the Siberian Musk Deers population began in China where most of the deer population was abundant. Most notably in the Sichuan plains, the musk production was accounted for 80% of the domestic trade in the 1950s.[4] New sightings of musk deer was later spotted in the upper northeast Asia and Russia; these spotted places soon opened their own musk market. After the 1980s, the production begins to steadily decline due to hunting for their musk glands. Then the cycle of over-harvesting the deers musk continued until the exploitation severely reduced the musk deers population. Another threat comes from the habitat loss by deforestation. For a long period, China cut more of its forest than they could replant. 200million cm3[4] of Chinas forest recourses were cut down in the past 25 years in order to harvest the timber stock in trade for commerce. Deforestation is a severe threat to the musk deers long term survival because the deer can only live in a few areas. ...
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a unique transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), white-tailed deer (O. virginianus), and Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). Still many facts regarding this disease remain unclear. A very interesting brandnew article...
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Whitetail deer are the most nervous and shy of our deer. They wave their tails characteristically from side to side when they are startled and fleeing. They are extremely agile and may bound at speeds of up to 30 miles per hour through tangled terrain in a forest. Whitetail deer are also good swimmers and often enter large streams and lakes to escape predators or insects or to visit islands. Their home ranges are generally small, often a square kilometer or less. Whitetail deer do not migrate to a winter range but yard up in their own territories during heavy snow. They are notorious for continually using the same pathways when foraging, but will not bed down during the day in areas that they have used previously.. Whitetail deer are generally considered solitary, especially in summer. The basic social unit is a female and her fawns, although does have been observed to graze together in herds of up to hundreds of individuals. Females generally follow their mothers for about two years, but males ...
In general, feeding of wild deer is not a popular pastime in the UK and this is probably to their favour. Wildlife services in the USA have considerable problems with landowners putting out food for deer during the winter months. The issue revolves around the fact that deer are ruminants. As mentioned elsewhere (see Food & Feeding), deer share a syntrophic relationship with numerous species of microbe that breakdown the food they eat. Moreover, the species of bacteria, protozoa, fungi or archea present is related to the individual deers diet. Thus, a deer feeding on grass and saplings have different species of bacteria to one feeding on bark and heather. This presents a problem when putting out food for them.. In Montana, for example, people put out corn and hay for deer over the winter months. The deer-which have been grazing in spring pastures-dont have the gut microorganisms necessary to digest this food. Unfortunately, deer are understandably unaware of their digestive predicament and will ...
Were seeing deer densities of somewhere between 26 and 32 deer per mile in our area, says Wolff. Ideally, according to the MASSWildlife biologists, the ideal carrying capacity is 6 to 8 deer per mile in our area. If we can significantly reduce the number of deer, it will help control the number of ticks and their potential for disease to spread.. The ongoing population among whitetail deer in the suburban area has led to an explosion in tick populations; capable of laying up to 3,000 eggs. The explosion has translated into more human-tick interactions that have led to the spread of diseases like babesiosis, anaplasmosis, Powwasan virus and Lyme disease.. In an effort to control numbers of suburban deer (and ticks), homeowners and municipalities are turning to Wolffs group, Mass Deer Service.. Because these are residential areas, firearms arent really an option, says Wolff. So what Ive done is created a group that insures and qualifies individual bowhunters to come into residential ...
The deer plague is out of control - and costing one farmer $80,000 a year. Hes not the only one - landholders around the state are out of pocket. NSW Farmers are lobbying for farmers rights to manage deer populations.
We found that oestrous hinds given a relative choice between the two male pitch variants spent more time in close proximity to speakers broadcasting high-pitched male roars. Given that previous work on red deer failed to detect a differential response by females to playback stimuli representing different male pitch variants (McComb 1991; Charlton et al. 2008b), the current research emphasizes that experimental investigation of female choice in mammals should be conducted during the females peak conception times (for review see Charlton 2008). Differences in the behaviour of oestrous versus non-oestrous females in mate choice situations have previously been reported in fallow deer, with oestrous females displaying a strong preference that was absent in non-oestrous ones (McComb & Clutton-Brock 1994).. To our knowledge, the results presented here constitute the first evidence of a female preference based on the fundamental frequency of a male call in a non-human mammal-but crucially, in the ...
FWC white-tailed deer research biologist Elina Garrison with a doe captured during the South Florida Deer Research Project. FWC photo.. The truth about Floridas deer rut There are a lot of theories and differing opinions on what causes the white-tailed deer rut. Hours of daylight decreasing, geographic latitude, genetics, climate, evolution and moon phase are many factors that hunters and deer enthusiasts have debated over the years. To get to the science behind it and learn the facts about what impacts the rut, I asked the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commissions (FWC) white-tailed deer research biologist Elina Garrison.. As winter approaches, decreased daylight triggers does to come into estrus, Garrison said. Latitude therefore plays a part as seasonal day length varies with geographic latitude.. Some hunters believe deer from other states released in Florida years ago is one of the reasons why the deer rut here is the widest ranging of any state - from July in extreme south ...
The 2013 hunting season is looking very promising because the politics of deer management is changing, starting with the House Fish and Game Committee in Harrisburg. An economic study showed that the state is making a couple of million dollars on certified timber sales each year while losing $185 million generated by hunters and other sportsmen - more than $1 billion since the Pennsylvania Game Commission and Dr. Gary Alt, the commissions deer management supervisor from 1999 to 2004, started a poorly conceived kill-the-deer management policy. That policy, which stressed habitat restoration and decreasing state herds, included multiple-doe and Deer Management Assistance Program (DMAP) permits on public land. Public land with good deer population draws hunters to rural Pennsylvania. The hunters spend money all across the state. But with a sharp decline in deer populations and fewer people hunting, The region north of Interstate 80 known as the Pennsylvania Wilds has suffered with businesses ...
Deer are the number one carriers of ticks in the United States and are prone to Lyme Disease and other vector diseases. In addition, they are known for spreading Chronic Wasting Disease from animal to animal, affecting domestic deer herds. But, these diseases are just two of many more that fall on deer. Here are common deer diseases: Screwworm and Other ParasitesHemorrhagic DiseaseBovine TuberculosisBrain AbscessesScrewworm and Other ParasitesFibromatosisResearch suggests that humans will not be affected by the diseases; however, like Mad Cow Disease, deer hunters should take caution before eating deer meat and will need to test cervid herds for CWD among other common diseases in deer.
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli carrying the stx1 and/or stx2 genes can cause multi-symptomatic illness in humans. A variety of terrestrial and aquatic environmental reservoirs of stx have been described. Culture based detection of microbes in deer species have found a low percentage of samples that have tested positive for Stx-producing microbes, suggesting that while deer may contain these microbes, their overall abundance in deer is low. In this study, quantitative PCR (qPCR) was utilized to test for the presence of stx genes in white-tailed deer fecal matter in western Pennsylvania. In this culture independent screening, nearly half of the samples tested positive for the stx2 gene, with a bias towards samples that were concentrated with stx2. This study, while limited in scope, suggests that deer may be a greater reservoir for stx than was previously thought.
Readers have turned up another photo documenting European fallow deer in Mariposa County.. The photo that appears with this update was posted on the GAZETTEs Facebook page on Aug. 12 by Shelly Sprague Jouett. The photo was taken by Spragues husband off Agua Fria Road this past spring.. The presence of the European deer in Mariposa County seems to be a recent development. According to a 2012 California Fish and Wildlife report, only about 500 of the deer were known to be in the entire state--most around Point Reyes National Recreation Area. Additional fallow deer have been documented in Mendocino County ...
The Iowa Department of Natural Resources is keeping a close eye on the deer population as a fatal disease spreads across the Midwest.
Argos, it is true that contraception has not yet been proven to reduce wild deer populations to the carrying capacity of the Crum Woods. There hasnt been enough interest in ecology to conduct a study like that; most communities just care about reducing deer-human conflicts. So is there a degree of uncertainty involved in this discussion? Of course. But the absence of such data does not belie the positive implications of the studies that have already been conducted. From tests on deer populations in Maryland, New Jersey, and New York, we know that the drug works: a single dose renders 80% of female deer infertile for up to 5 years, a second dose 100% for life. Over the course of 6 years, one population was reduced by over 50%, while another was reduced by 40% in 5 years. And from information that Bryon Schlisser himself provided on April 25, 2007 in Science Center 101, we know that wild deer, especially in suburban settings, live in small, fixed home ranges and have a relatively low dispersal ...
Argos, it is true that contraception has not yet been proven to reduce wild deer populations to the carrying capacity of the Crum Woods. There hasnt been enough interest in ecology to conduct a study like that; most communities just care about reducing deer-human conflicts. So is there a degree of uncertainty involved in this discussion? Of course. But the absence of such data does not belie the positive implications of the studies that have already been conducted. From tests on deer populations in Maryland, New Jersey, and New York, we know that the drug works: a single dose renders 80% of female deer infertile for up to 5 years, a second dose 100% for life. Over the course of 6 years, one population was reduced by over 50%, while another was reduced by 40% in 5 years. And from information that Bryon Schlisser himself provided on April 25, 2007 in Science Center 101, we know that wild deer, especially in suburban settings, live in small, fixed home ranges and have a relatively low dispersal ...
Chromosomal polymorphism plays a major role in speciation processes in mammals with high rates of karyotypic evolution, as observed in the family Cervidae. One remarkable example is the genus Mazama that comprises wide inter- and intra-specific chromosomal variability. To evaluate the impact of chromosomal polymorphisms as reproductive barriers within the genus Mazama, inter-specific hybrids between Mazama gouazoubira and Mazama nemorivaga (MGO × MNE) and intra-specific hybrids between cytotypes of Mazama americana (MAM) differing by a tandem (TF) or centric fusion (Robertsonian translocations—RT) were evaluated. MGO × MNE hybrid fertility was evaluated by the seminal quality and testicular histology. MAM hybrids estimation of the meiotic segregation products was performed by sperm-FISH analysis. MGO × MNE hybrids analyses showed different degrees of fertility reduction, from severe subfertility to complete sterility. Regarding MAM, RT, and TF carriers showed a mean value for
This 1520 word essay is about Deer, Mammals of New Zealand, Deer hunting, White-tailed deer, Mule deer, Black-tailed deer, Hunting. Read the full essay now!
The Iowa DNR reports a drop in the number of deer taken by hunters this year.. DNR Wildlife Biologist, Tyler Harms, says the drop coincides with a drop in the number of hunters. We saw about a three percent drop in license sales and about a 14% drop in the deer harvest statewide this year, Harms says. The deer taken dropped to 94,000 - compared to nearly 108,000 the year before. Harms says an outbreak of disease is likely behind the drop in license sales.. We had a significant outbreak of epizootic hemorrhagic disease across the state. And that couldve resulted in lower numbers of deer out on the landscape - and ultimately resulting in lower harvest, Harms says. We do know after an outbreak that we had in 2012 and 2013 we had similar trends in terms of license sales and harvest. So in other words - when we see these big EHD outbreaks statewide - we would expect to see a slight drop in both license sales and harvest.. Harms says some hunters want to help the deer recover from such ...
ATTN: Nathan Bieber, Maine Deer Spy Maine Dept. 200 pound-plus bucks with heavy beams and long tines are truely awesome animals. Movement by deer from summer to winter range can vary from less than a mile to more than 25 miles depending on availability and suitability of the winter range. For example, a trail camera photo of a lone doe may be missing another deer that passed on the other side of the camera or was lagging behind, whereas a direct observation would likely account for the other deer. Augusta, ME 04333-0041, Phone: (207) 287-8000 Chris Johnson That is not a mule deer . Carl Lenander Jr. After searching everywhere on the internet, I was unable to find a photo pf this giant! Specializing in hunts for Mule Deer in Zone X5B and Pronghorn Antelope in Zone 4 Lassen. Currently, 94% of Maine is considered deer habitat; this excludes developed parts of the state. These factors include: habitat quality, habitat quantity, predators, disease and competition. Feb 12, 2020 - Explore Charles ...
The brain is a vital organ, and a well-placed shot to a deers brain will disrupt all its essential functions. This angle of the shot is perfect for securing single-shot kill for antelope, white-tailed deer, black bear, mule deer, and other big game. Also, it is very unlikely that a deer will escape with a bow lodged in its lung. While some hunters feel that a aiming neck area on deer is unethical, others feel that it is the best spot to shoot a deer. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. With broadside deer, I aim over the front leg and under the scapula, which basically means center of the lungs. Target bullets wont always expand and varmint bullets usually just leave flesh wounds. If you insist on taking down a deer with a bow, it is important to ensure you have the right broadheads. Make sure it is a bullet specifically for big game hunting. I know that this is frowned upon, and no one should shoot a game animal with a cartridge that is not adequate for that particular ...
Provincial wildlife officials are concerned that a disease killing deer and elk on the prairies could soon spread into B.C.. Chronic wasting disease, a degenerative nervous system condition similar to so-called mad cow disease, has been discovered in an animal 30 kilometres southeast of Edmonton.. Thats the furthest west - by about 100 kilometres - that biologists have detected the deadly disease and the discovery intensifies concerns that infected deer may make their way to B.C.. No infected animals have been found yet in B.C. but wildlife health staff are stepping up monitoring efforts in the Peace and Kootenay regions, where deer are most at-risk.. Hunters are being asked to help by donating deer, elk and moose heads for analysis. Drop-off locations are listed at www.stopchronicwastingdisease.ca.. Anyone who encounters a sick or dead deer is urged to report it to B.C.s wildlife health program by emailing [email protected] Although chronic wasting disease is similar to bovine ...
Pathogenesis and transmission of the prion disorders (transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, TSEs) are mediated by a modified isoform of the prion protein (PrP). Prion protein gene (PRNP) alleles associated with relative susceptibility to TSE have been identified in sheep, humans and possibly elk. Comparable data have not been derived for mule deer, a species susceptible to the TSE chronic wasting disease (CWD). Initial analysis of the open reading frame (ORF) in exon 3 of the mule deer PRNP gene revealed polymorphisms in all 145 samples analyzed, with 10 potential polymorphic sites. Because 144/145 (99.3%) of the samples were heterozygous for a coding change (N/ S) at codon 138 (bp 412) and a non-coding polymorphism at bp 418, and individual deer with three or four different alleles were identified a possible gene duplication was indicated. Analysis of BAC clones containing mule deer PRNP genes revealed a full length functional gene and a processed pseudogene. The pseudogene was characteristic of
Where Does Deer Antler Velvet Come From?. Deer antler velvet is a widely used international dietary and health supplement. The product is made from a growing deer antler. While an antler is forming, it is quite soft to the touch, covered in a fuzzy layer of skin, which is where the name deer antler velvet comes from. While antlers are growing, they are very abundant in a variety of beneficial nutrients such as amino acids, growth factors, collagen, calcium, chondroitin sulfate, and more.. A deers antlers will fall off naturally and grow back every year. Therefore, deer are never killed for their antler; deer antler velvet is collected without harm to the animal. Deer antler velvet must be obtained during the growth phase, before it becomes hard and calcified, to have therapeutic properties.. Deer antler velvet is usually derived from two deer species - the Cervus nippon - Japanese or Asian deer, and Cervus elaphus - European red deer. More than 2,000,000 lbs. of deer antler velvet is produced ...
Deer antler velvet is first used in Chinese Medicine. It is amazingly discovered written on a Chinese scroll that is said to be more than 2000 years old. To them, it provides its users with energy, stamina and vitality. Deer antler velvet came from the velvet of antlers stag during their early-growth stage. This is when the velvet contains a type of cartilaginous tissue full of beneficial hormones for humans. New Zealand is the largest producer of this supplement, having more than 2,800 dear farms with a combined total of 1.1 million deer. Every year, they ship tens of millions of dollars worth of deer antler velvet spray to both Asia and the United States. The ultimate goal of body builders is larger muscles and greater strength. Deer antler spray helps them get both, the reason is because it contains IGF-1 or insulin growth-like factor, which is responsible for the development of the muscles.. They decided to make deer antler spray because aside from the fact that it is very easy to apply, it ...
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Todays blog post is a disturbing video clip of a deer allegedly infected with chronic wasting disease. A friend of mine sent to me this morning. The video was posted earlier this fall by a South Dakota landowner who found a near-death mule deer. The man states that he contacted state officials, who asked him to put the deer down so they could test it for disease. He states that the deer is suffering from CWD, and outward appearance indicate that he correct in that assessment.. We arent certain this deer had CWD, but if it did, this is one of the few videos in existence of a wild deer showing clinical signs of chronic wasting disease. The disease is so slowly spreading that deer often die quietly out of sight and out of mind. It is a stark reminder of the devastating effects this deer can have on our free-ranging deer herds in North America.. CWD is a disease of the deer family. It affects whitetails, mule deer, elk and moose and is a slowly spreading disease that has no known cause or cure. ...
Dried deer antler velvet is composed of approximately 34% ash, 12% moisture, 54% organic material, of which 10% is nitrogen and 3% fat. Composition varies from species to species and with antler maturity and region of antler studies (tip, upper, middle, base) (Church, 1999).. The growing antler contains a number of necessary cells, including fibroblasts, chondroblasts, chondocytes and osteocytes. The tips of the antlers begin as undifferentiated mesenchymal cells which are transformed into cartilage. Later, the cartilage is turned to bone, due to the effects of testosterone. Deer antler velvet is antler that is still in its cartilaginous stage. So far, it has been rather difficult to ensure the cartilage-versus-bone content of harvested antlers. Food, climate, time of year, age of stag and the various concentrations of substances in different regions of the antler itself, are factors that have yet to be harnessed with assurance.. Calcification and Lipid Levels Researchers are currently ...
NEWS EDITOR. Pennsylvanias very first case of chronic wasting disease in the wild white-tailed deer population has been confirmed. In fact, this case doesnt involve just one deer but a total of three deer harvested during the fall rifle season.. In a Friday, March 1, press release, the Pennsylvania Game Commission (PGC) announced the hunter-killed deer taken in the 2012 general firearms deer season have tested positive for chronic wasting disease (CWD). Two of the deer were killed in Blair County and the remaining deer was from Bedford County, all located within the PGCs southcentral region that includes Fulton County.. These are the first positive cases of CWD in free-ranging deer in Pennsylvania, confirmed PGC. Executive Director Carl Roe said, The disease was first documented in early October 2012 by the state Department of Agriculture in a captive deer on an Adams County deer farm.. While the contagious, neurological disease has been present for quite some time in both captive and wild ...
Commonly, it is believed that IGF-1, and insulin, are too fragile to be ingested, because, they are destroyed by stomach acids during digestion, and that is why both substances are frequently injected, to avoid its passage through the stomach altogether.. Taking deer antler extract as a spray may also solve the problem of conveying IGF directly to the bloodstream when sprayed under the tongue.. Various scientific tests support deer antler velvets effects on muscle strength. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled experiment, 18 males subjects entered a 10-week strength training program, and it was found out that those who took deer antler velvet showed an increase in strength in the bench press and leg squat, and decrease in body fat relative to the overall placebo group.. In another experiment, 38 males, (all of whom were experienced weightlifters), entered a 10-week strength training program, and those who took deer antler velvet experienced an increase in peak torque and average ...
The identification and characterization of prion strains is increasingly important for the diagnosis and biological definition of these infectious pathogens. Although well-established in scrapie and, more recently, in BSE, comparatively little is known about the possibility of prion strains in chronic wasting disease (CWD), a disease affecting free ranging and captive cervids, primarily in North America. We have identified prion protein variants in the white-tailed deer population and demonstrated that Prnp genotype affects the susceptibility/disease progression of white-tailed deer to CWD agent. The existence of cervid prion protein variants raises the likelihood of distinct CWD strains. Small rodent models are a useful means of identifying prion strains. We intracerebrally inoculated hamsters with brain homogenates and phosphotungstate concentrated preparations from CWD positive hunter-harvested (Wisconsin CWD endemic area) and experimentally infected deer of known Prnp genotypes. These ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Cells cultured from the growing tip of red deer antler express alkaline phosphatase and proliferate in response to insulin-like growth factor-I. AU - Price, J. S.. AU - Oyajobi, B. O.. AU - Oreffo, R. O.C.. AU - Russell, R. G.G.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - Deer antler growth provides a unique natural model of rapid and complete bone regeneration. In this study, the distal antler tips of male red deer (Cervus elaphus) were collected post-mortem during the annual growth period (April-August), and an in vitro system established for the culture of cells from three regions; the inner layer of the perichondrium, the reserve mesenchyme and the cartilage zone. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression by cultured cells, as demonstrated by enzyme histochemistry and biochemical assay, reflected the stage of cellular differentiation. ALP activity was highest in cells cultured from the hypertrophic cartilage region (3.6 ± 0.2 μmol/μg cell protein/minute), and lowest in undifferentiated ...
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) persists in cervid populations of North America and in 2016 was detected for the first time in Europe in a wild reindeer in Norway. We report the detection of CWD in 3 moose (Alces alces) in Norway, identified through a large scale surveillance program. The cases occurred in 13-14-year-old female moose, and we detected an abnormal form of prion protein (PrPSc) in the brain but not in lymphoid tissues. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the moose shared the same neuropathologic phenotype, characterized by mostly intraneuronal deposition of PrPSc. This pattern differed from that observed in reindeer and has not been previously reported in CWD-infected cervids. Moreover, Western blot revealed a PrPSc type distinguishable from previous CWD cases and from known ruminant prion diseases in Europe, with the possible exception of sheep CH1641. These findings suggest that these cases in moose represent a novel type of CWD.
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The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) and the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) today announced that testing of Ohios deer herd has found no evidence of chronic wasting disease (CWD) for the 10th straight year. CWD is a degenerative brain disease that affects elk, mule deer and white-tailed deer.. According to ODNRs Division of Wildlife, state and federal agriculture and wildlife officials collected 549 samples last year from hunter-harvested deer from 36 counties, primarily during the deer-gun season that ran Nov. 28 - Dec. 4. All CWD testing is performed at ODAs Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory.. In addition to CWD, 561 of the hunter-harvested deer samples were also tested for bovine tuberculosis. Results found no evidence of this disease in Ohio deer as well. Additional CWD samples are being taken from road-killed deer, but those test results are not yet available. Sampling will continue through April.. Since 2002, ODNRs Division of Wildlife, in conjunction with the ODAs ...
Antler Farms® (30 tablets) produces a highly concentrated deer antler velvet extract from top grade deer antler velvet. Our extract contains 100% natural, concentrated growth factors made using a proprietary, confidential method. Through 30 years of research, trial and error, and countless revisions, we have developed this flagship product. Each step of the process is very complex, and precise execution is extremely important in creating Antler Farms® authentic, high quality extract. Suggested Use: Take one tablet per day on an empty stomach. Allow tablet to dissolve under tongue in mouth, then swallow. Store in a cool, dry place. Do not use if safety seal is broken or missing. Serving size is 1 tablet. Warning: Use only as directed. Please consult your physician prior to use if you have any medical conditions, are taking any medications, or are pregnant or nursing. Do not use if under 18 years old. Keep out of reach of children. Other Ingredients include ascorbic
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To determine the effects of deer antler velvet on maximal aerobic performance and the trainability of muscular strength and endurance, 38 active males were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to either deer antler velvet extract (n = 12), powder (n = 13), or placebo groups (n = 13). Subjects were tested prior to beginning supplementation and a 10-week strength program, and immediately post-training. All subjects were measured for circulating levels of testosterone, insulin-like growth factor, erythropoietin, red cell mass, plasma volume, and total blood volume. Additionally, muscular strength, endurance, and VO2max were determined. All groups improved 6 RM strength equivalently (41 ± 26%, p , .001), but there was a greater increase in isokinetic knee extensor strength (30 ± 21% vs. 13 ± 15%, p = .04) and endurance (21 ± 19% vs. 7 ± 12%, p = .02) in the powder compared to placebo group. There were no endocrine, red cell mass or VO2max changes in any group. These findings do not ...
Infections by the ixodid tick-transmitted bacterial pathogen Anaplasma phagocytophilum are common in domestic ruminants and cervids in the coastal areas of southern Norway. Previous experimental work has shown that A. phagocytophilum strains recovered from red deer (Cervus elaphus) are infective in lambs, but epidemiological links between infections in red deer and sheep have yet to be established. To address this shortfall, the present study explores the genotypic relatedness between A. phagocytophilum strains infecting sympatric red deer and sheep. Blood from 32 lambs grazing on tick-infested pasture, and blood and tissues from 8 red deer shot in proximity to these pastures were collected during the summer and autumn of 2007. The presence of A. phagocytophilum in these samples was determined by PCR-based methods, and genotyping of detected strains was performed using comparative sequence analysis of 16S rDNA and msp4 fragments. A. phagocytophilum DNA was detected in 12 lambs and 7 red deer, 11 and 4
Transmission of chronic wasting disease (CWD) between cervids is influenced by the primary structure of the host cellular prion protein (PrPC). In white-tailed deer, PRNP alleles encode the polymorphisms Q95 G96 (wild type [wt]), Q95 S96 (referred to as the S96 allele), and H95 G96 (referred to as the H95 allele), which differentially impact CWD progression. We hypothesize that the transmission of CWD prions between deer expressing different allotypes of PrPC modifies the contagious agent affecting disease spread. To evaluate the transmission properties of CWD prions derived experimentally from deer of four PRNP genotypes (wt/wt, S96/wt, H95/wt, or H95/S96), transgenic (tg) mice expressing the wt allele (tg33) or S96 allele (tg60) were challenged with these prion agents. Passage of deer CWD prions into tg33 mice resulted in 100% attack rates, with the CWD H95/S96 prions having significantly longer incubation periods. The disease signs and neuropathological and protease-resistant prion protein ...
A female deer in Minnesota preliminarily tests positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), that officials say is not known to affect human heath.. The disease is a fatal form of encephalitis that infects deer, elk and moose, causing the animals to lose balance and walk repetitive courses. In late stages, drooling and excessive salivation occurs, according to information from theChronic Wasting Disease Alliance. Though there is no known threat to humans, the CDC recommends against consuming the meat of infected animals. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources notes the deer testing positive for the disease was harvested November, 2010 a few miles southwest of a former domestic elk farm. Of 524 deer tested in the area, only one was found to have the disease. Michelle Carstensen, the DNRs wildlife health program leader, said the prevalence of CWD is likely low. We sampled 524 deer this past hunting season in the Pine Island area and found only one that appears to have CWD.. No evidence of ...
The four-year-old white-tailed deer was harvested from a hunting preserve in Franklin County in November 2016. Samples from this deer tested positive for the disease at the Pennsylvania Veterinary Laboratory in Harrisburg. The test results were confirmed by the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa on January 5, 2017. This deer was raised on a deer farm in Fulton County until it was sold to the Franklin County facility in August 2016. Both farms are under quarantine. The investigation continues and additional herds may be quarantined.. We are working to minimize the risk to Pennsylvanias deer herd by quarantining both farms and tracing any contacts with other deer in our efforts to find the source of CWD, if possible, said Agriculture Secretary Russell C. Redding. We want to stress that CWD is no danger to public health and has never been associated as a human health concern.. There is no strong evidence that humans or livestock can contract Chronic Wasting Disease, ...
Chemistrys Role. All of the compounds of the deer antlers are not man-made. They all occur in the deers body naturally, very similar to our own.. Background Research. - Antlers are found on the family of Cervidae. These bone growths are found on male deer, sometimes females grow antlers, but this is normally a deformity. The tissue that makes up the antlers is one of the fastest growing tissues, even faster than some cancer cells. It takes about 10 months for the deer to grow a full rack. The process begins in March or April, this is when the days lengthen. At this point of time a gland called the pineal alerts the pituitary gland.The pituitary gland has the protein hormone, prolactin in the anterior lobe, the production of this protein hormone increases under more exposure to daylight. Also, with the increased production of prolactin the body begins producing more testosterone. Testosterone is the main driving force for the production, when testosterone decrease the antlers are shed (winter ...
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is the only naturally occurring transmissible spongiform encephalopathy affecting free-ranging wildlife populations. Transmission of CWD occurs by direct contact or through contaminated environments; however, little is known about the temporal patterns of CWD prion excretion and shedding in wild cervids. We tested the urine and faeces of three species of captive cervids (elk, mule and white-tailed deer) at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after oral inoculation to evaluate the temporal, species- and genotype-specific factors affecting the excretion of CWD prions. Although none of the animals exhibited clinical signs of CWD during the study, we determined that all three cervid species were excreting CWD prions by 6 months post-inoculation. Faecal samples were consistently positive for CWD prions for all three cervid species (88 %), and were more likely to be positive than urine samples (28 %). Cervids with genotypes encoding for the prion protein (PRNP) that were considered to be
Widespread decreases in hunter harvest and abundance estimates for mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) have been reported in many parts of Montana over the last few decades. The drivers of these declines are complex, but may be attributable to declines in suitable habitat and available nutrition on the landscape. To better manage populations of mule deer in Montana, it is essential to understand factors driving habitat selection.. Our research focuses on 3 regions where little research on mule deer has been conducted: the Rocky Mountain Front, the Whitefish Range, and the Salish Mountains. In winter 2017-2018, we plan to deploy GPS collars on 30 does in each of these regions to study summer habitat use. Within each population, we will determine the forage items and habitat types individual mule deer select for in summer and compare how nutritional quality varies between those habitat types. We are interested in how landscape-altering processes like forestry and fire affect habitat quality. ...
The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) announced that a captive white--tailed deer in a Lavaca County deer breeding facility has been confirmed positive for Chronic Wasting Disease(CWD). The Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) in College Station detected the presence of CWD in samples submitted, and the National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa confirmed the findings today.. The newly quarantined Lavaca County facility is a result of testing trace out animals that originated from a Medina County index captive white-tailed deer herd where CWD was first detected on June 30.. CWD was first detected in Texas in 2012 in free--ranging mule deer in far West Texas in the Hueco Mountains. The Lavaca county herd is the second infected breeder herd detected in Texas.. The investigation of the index facility in Medina County continues, said Dr. Dee Ellis, TAHC Executive Director. The TAHC, TPWD and USDA are diligently ...
In illegal hunting it is often possible only on the basis of morphological characteristics to determine the animal species. By the method of comparison there was performed the forensic analysis of roe deer and sheep osteological features. For the purpose of investigating the shoulder blade (Scapula) and shoulder bone (Humerus) comparative characteristics, there were used 6 shoulder blades and 6 shoulder bones of roe deer and 8 shoulder blades and 8 shoulder bones of sheep. After the skin, muscles, arterial, venous and lymphatic vessels as well as nerves were removed from the bones, they were thermally treated in an autoclave. Subsequently, the bones were placed in 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for bleaching and degreasing. Then they were air dried and then photographed. Shoulder blade (Scapula) is a bone plate (Ossa plana) roughly triangular in shape. Scapular spine (Spina scapulae) is much more prominent in roe deer with acromion blade in the form of spike, while in sheep it... is ...
State officials are instituting new rules in response to the chronic wasting disease that kills white-tailed deer.Terry Little, a wildlife researcher for the Iowa Department of Natural Resources, says the new rule puts limits on moving captive whitetail deer into Iowa, and requires those who maintain herds of deer to test the animals. Chronic wasting disease is fatal to deer and elk, and the new rules address the fear that the disease could be passed from captive herds to animals that live in the wild. The Iowa Natural Resource Commission approved the new rule today and, in a signal of urgency, made it effective tomorrow. Many Iowa butcher shops have started to refuse to process deer out of fear of the disease. State officials tested 162 road-kill deer this summer and none tested positive for the disease.. ...
Two recently confirmed cases of Chronic Wasting Disease found on a deer farm located in New Oxford has raised some concern statewide as hunters prepare for Pennsylvanias firearms season that opens Monday.The disease, which attacks the animals brain, is fatal in deer, elk and moose, but there is no evidence that it can be transmitted to humans.According to the Pennsylvania Game Commission, CWD has not been found in wild whitetail deer populations anywhere in the state. However, in response to
Like elevated stands, corn feeders are now prevalent in Arkansas deer hunting.. There is a better way, according to wildlife biologists with the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission - food plots with a variety of plantings.. Ralph Meeker, AGFCs assistant deer program coordinator, says hunters can more effectively improve nutrition (for deer) by planting stuff in the ground instead of pouring it out of a bag. One factor is that an assortment of plantings can provide supplemental food for deer virtually year round. Feeders with supplemental feed or corn can be used all year as well, but this approach isnt near as nutritional or cost effective, he explained.. Another downside to using feeders is that they are not a natural option for deer that are out looking for food. Deer are selective feeders, not livestock. Deer take a few bites here, move on and take some more bites there. The average deer eats about seven pounds of food a day, but deer dont stand and eat all seven pounds at a feeder, ...
RICHMOND, Va. (WSET) --The Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries(VDGIF) said Chronic Wasting Disease has been found in 21 deer in Northwest Virginia. They say the 13 deer in Frederick County, five deer in Shenandoah County, and two deer in Clarke County and one inFauquier County also tested positive for the disease during the 2019 hunting season.
A Los Angeles based company that sells herbal tea made of deer antler is voluntarily recalling its product after two people became ill, state health officials announced Monday.. U.S. Deer Antlers Import & Export, Inc stopped selling the 6-inch by 4-inch plastic tea pouches contain labeling in Korean. There are no other lot bar codes or best if used by dates on the packaging, according to the California Department of Public Health.. We were one several. The product was sold to acupuncturists and individuals in California, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia. Two people from Orange County became ill after consuming the tea in March, state and local health officials said last month.. The tea has a risk of botulism, a rare but serious illness caused by a nerve toxin that is produced by a bacterium.. Symptoms of botulism include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing and weakness. These are all symptoms of muscle paralysis ...
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A good guard dog will protect your livestock. Try a Great Pyrenees - they will protect your sheep, goats and alpacas from stray domestic dogs (the real threat) and curious coyotes. While coyotes do take some deer, they are mostly compromised, young and infirm. How many deer wind up with slugs and broadheads lodged in their spines after hunting season? I have personally seen more than a few that are succumbing to the gangrene and infection during and after the season. How many deer are hit by cars, and while they appear to bound off looking well are actually mortally wounded with internal injuries or fractured pelvises? People who claim to have seen coyotes taking healthy deer dont really know that the deer was healthy and not injured or starting a disease process that was not visible to the human eye. Did they frighten the coyotes away, do a complete necropsy, send tissue and organ samples, x-rays and determine yes, this was a perfectly healthy deer I think not.. There is nothing wrong with ...
The majority of people who take advantage of the deer acquire apply are athletes regularly accomplishing intense activities. They use this as an alternative for steroids to develop muscle mass and restore speedier from weakness. Specialists concur which the antler velvet mist is less dangerous than steroids. It appears like the hormone blood insulin and should not be discovered in urine or bloodstream assessments. The Drug and Food Supervision (FDA) has authorized most antler velvet aerosols; even so, you should guarantee that it must be accredited just before working with any product. The antler velvet sprays contain the growth hormones IGF-I. This hormonal agent stimulates muscle mass to develop much faster.. Nutritious Great things about Deer Antler Apply igf spray reviews ...
This is the first time CWD has been detected in the wild, west of the Continental Divide in Montana.. CWD is a progressive, fatal disease affecting the nervous system of mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk and moose. It is part of a group of diseases called Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs). TSEs are caused by infectious, mis-folded prion proteins, which cause normal prion proteins throughout a healthy animals body to mis-fold, resulting in organ damage and eventual death.. CWD is a slow-moving disease. However, left unmanaged, it could result in long-term population declines within affected herds. All the states and provinces that border Montana, other than Idaho and British Columbia, have found CWD in their wild cervids.. Best Choice Products Set of 2 Adjustable Zero Gravity Lounge Chair Recliners for Patio, Pool w/ Cup Holders - (Color). CWD was first found in wild deer in Montana in October 2017.. ...
Deer Island[edit]. The society owns and manages Deer Island, an island retreat on the St. Lawrence River. Alexandra Robbins, ... But although each new Skull and Bones member still visits Deer Island, the place leaves something to be desired. "Now it is ...
... red deer (Cervus elaphus) particularly like to wallow but fallow deer (Dama dama), for example, do not wallow. Even within the ... Male-male conflict social behaviour - wapiti (Cervus elaphus), European bison (Bison bonasus),[8][9] deer[10] ... Zhi-Tao, L., Jan-Hua, D., Yan-Ling, S., Zhi-Gao, Z. and Qiong, Z. (2007). Wallowing behavior of Hainan Eld's deer Cervus eldi ... Many deer perform wallowing, creating wallow sites in wet depressions in the ground, eventually forming quite large sites (2-3 ...
... is a genus of nematode parasites of the bronchial tree of horses, sheep, goats, deer, and cattle. Dictyocaulus ... Dictyocaulus viviparus: lungworm of cattle, deer[edit]. D. viviparus is the most common lungworm of cattle; the infection is ... 2003). "Dictyocaulus species: cross infection between cattle and red deer". New Zealand Veterinary Journal. 51 (2): 93-98. doi: ... Although classified as the same parasite, some people believe that the D. viviparus of deer and elk should be reclassified as a ...
Cattle and deer[edit]. In 2018 statistics, a county total of 3,527 deer were killed as a total of all deer hunting seasons, ... Where Cows and Deer Outnumber People In Wisconsin A Badger State Approach to Rural Identity, Malia Jones, UW Applied Population ... down from the total harvest of 3,787 deer for 2017 statistics.[43] In 2017, Kewaunee and Door counties were reported to have ... equal deer-to-human ratios. Kewaunee County had the third highest cow-to-human ratio in the state, with only Lafayette and ...
Tame sika deer (also known as spotted deer or Japanese deer) roam through the town, especially in Nara Park.[24][27][32][33][34 ... deer crackers) to visitors so they can feed the deer.[32][33][34] Some deer have learned to bow in order to receive senbei from ... Deer in Nara[edit]. According to the legendary history of Kasuga Shrine, the god Takemikazuchi arrived in Nara on a white deer ... The history of deer in Nara] (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2007-08-30. Retrieved 2007-04-02.. ...
There are two main groups of deer mouse: the prairie deer mouse and the woodland or forest deer mouse group.[26] ... The deer mouse nests alone for the most part but during the winter will nest in groups of 10 or more.[23] Deer mice, ... Most female deer mice have more than one litter per year.[14] Three or four litters per year is probably typical; captive deer ... The deer mouse can also be distinguished physically by its long and multicolored tail.[8] Deer mice are very often used for ...
Fallow deer (Dama dama) are the most common, followed by roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and red deer (Cervus elephas). There ... Deer[edit]. Numerous deer live in the Forest; they are usually rather shy and tend to stay out of sight when people are around ... Forest laws were enacted to preserve the New Forest as a location for royal deer hunting, and interference with the king's deer ... It was used for royal hunts, mainly of deer.[11] It was created at the expense of more than 20 small hamlets and isolated ...
... to face After Deer, Bandoeng...84 Curious Hat of the Rusa Deer in Java...89 The Big Boar of Labuan (Sus barbatus)...95 Nests of ... 271 The Deer Stalker...278 The Axis or Spotted Deer...279 The Jungle Sheep...280 In 1861, 13 plates and 17 figures of drawings ... Deer. f.29 '13. View of the Gundair and Pombarry valleys. A herd of bison in the foreground. f.31 '14. View of Vilputty, 3 ... Deer in the foreground. f.51 '22. Distant View of Kokul. A villager grazing cows in the foreground. f.53 '23. View of Kokul ...
"Deer Hunting in the United States: An Analysis of Hunter Demographics and Behavior Addendum to the 2001 National Survey of ... People have used hunting dogs to help chase down animals such as deer, wolves, and foxes; birds of prey from eagles to small ... Animals such as horses and deer are among the earliest subjects of art, being found in the Upper Paleolithic cave paintings ... Birds such as partridges, pheasants and ducks, and mammals such as deer and wild boar, are among the terrestrial game animals ...
DEER...DES ARC...DONALDSON...DRASCO...DUMAS...EL PASO...ENGLAND... FAIRFIELD BAY...FLIPPIN...FORDYCE...FOURCHE JUNCTION... ...
Sykes, Naomi (Summer 2010). "1066 and all that" (PDF). Deer. British Deer Society. 15 (6): 20-23. Archived from the original ( ...
... red deer, roe deer, and sika deer as well as a small number of muntjac deer. The deer had been hunted for some 900 years until ... There are wild boar kept for meat in the New Forest, which is known for its ponies and herds of fallow deer, ... "Deer". New Forest National Park Authority. Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2018. "Forestry ... and several wild deer species. Erosion of the weak rock and sea level change flooding the low land has carved several large ...
Popular species of game include pheasants, white-tailed deer, mule deer, and turkeys, as well as waterfowl such as Canada geese ... "Deer". South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 23, ... Black Hills mammals include deer, elk (wapiti), bighorn sheep, mountain goats, pine marten, and mountain lions, while the ... deer, pronghorn, coyotes, and prairie dogs. The state bird, the ring-necked pheasant, has adapted well to the area after being ...
Deer. Bird of Prey. Tennis party. People passing a bridge, 1901 Castellamare di stabia, 1902 Panorama of Selmecbánya Rendez- ...
The word deer was originally broader in meaning but became more specific over time. In Middle English, der meant a wild animal ... White-tailed deer that carry this worm are partly immune to it. Changes in climate and habitat beginning in the twentieth ... "deer". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2000. Archived from the ... White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) commonly carry meningeal worm or brainworm, a nematode parasite that causes reindeer ...
"Deer Hunting in the United States: An Analysis of Hunter Demographics and Behavior Addendum to the 2001 National Survey of ... Animals such as horses and deer are among the earliest subjects of art, being found in the Upper Paleolithic cave paintings ... Birds such as partridges, pheasants and ducks, and mammals such as deer and wild boar, are among the terrestrial game animals ... Upper Paleolithic cave painting of aurochs, horses and deer, Lascaux, c. 17,300 years old One of Vincent van Gogh's Flowering ...
Deer. ISBN 9782204092333. "Ecclesiastical History", Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent Lang, T.J. (2015). Mystery and the Making ...
ISBN 978-1-4053-6233-7. "Deer (Family Cervidae)". Retrieved 8 January 2014. "Père David's Deer (Elaphurus davidianus)". Deer. ... Petersen, David (Nov./Dec., 1985). "North American Deer: Mule, Whitetail and Coastal Blacktail Deer". Mother Earth News. Ogden ... Geist, Valerius (1998). Deer of the world: their evolution, behaviour, and ecology. Stackpole Books. p. 202. ISBN 0-8117-0496-3 ... Schaller, G. B. (1967). The Deer and the Tiger - A Study of Wildlife in India. University Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA. "The ...
Deer; Howie; Zussman (1992). An Introduction to the Rock=Forming Minerals (2nd ed.). England: Pearson Education. p. 614. ISBN ...
"Deer". South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks. Retrieved January 23, 2016. "Fishing". Black Hills National Forest. ... Black Hills mammals include deer, elk (wapiti), bighorn sheep, mountain goats, and mountain lions, while the streams and lakes ... While antelope and bison were common in prior centuries, modern animal life consists of deer, jackrabbit, skunk, badger, pocket ... Mammals in this area include bison, deer, pronghorn, coyotes, beavers, and prairie dogs, while reptiles include the snapping ...
Among the mammals, cattle, deer, horses, lions, bats, bears, and wolves are the subjects of myths and worship. The signs of the ... ISBN 978-0-486-21901-1. "Deer". Trees for Life. Archived from the original on 14 June 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2016. Louis, ...
It was created by Charles I in 1634 as a deer park and now has 630 red and fallow deer. Bushy Park in the London Borough of ... It is a walled deer park of around 280 hectares (690 acres) in area and has been open to the public since 1894. The A308 road ... "Deer". The Royal Parks. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Some introduced species have also thrived at the site, for example muntjac deer, terrapins and ring-necked parakeets. The Heath ...
Red Deer. p. A1. Retrieved April 19, 2021. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2007-11-11.CS1 ...
"Deer Lodge Pass". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "Deer Pass". Geographic Names ... Deer Lodge Pass), el. 5,922 feet (1,805 m) Deer Pass, McCone County, Montana, 47°47′50″N 106°01′10″W / 47.79722°N 106.01944° ... 7,746 feet (2,361 m) Deer Lodge Pass, Silver Bow County, Montana, 45°53′00″N 112°40′18″W / 45.88333°N 112.67167°W / 45.88333 ... 7,867 feet (2,398 m) Cutaway Pass, Deer Lodge County, Montana, 46°00′47″N 113°22′19″W / 46.01306°N 113.37194°W / 46.01306; - ...
"Ada Deer". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 4 December 2013. "Edward Dithmar". Office of the Lt. Governor. Missing or ... Representative Ada Deer, head of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Evo Anton DeConcini, former justice, Arizona Supreme Court[ ...
6,676 feet (2,035 m) Deer Butte, 47°06′16″N 111°11′24″W / 47.10444°N 111.19000°W / 47.10444; -111.19000 (Deer Butte), el. ... "Deer Butte". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "DeLacey Point". Geographic Names ...
Bears; Grizzly, Black Bears of Various colour fazes *Indigenous Game Animals Within the Yalakom Watershed; Deer (Cervidae); ... Moose, Mule Deer. Bovids (Bovidae); Mountain Goat, California Bighorn Sheep. All of the Fur Bearing list above are Yalakom ...
Deer Mountain). The top of the mountain is fairly flat but the slopes of the northeastern part are quite steep. District of ...
"Deer Hunting". wildlife.ca.gov. Retrieved 16 May 2020. Fish and Wildlife Service When can I hunt, Game Hunting, Recreation and ...
5,502 feet (1,677 m) Deer Peak, 46°54′48″N 114°34′17″W / 46.91333°N 114.57139°W / 46.91333; -114.57139 (Deer Peak), el. ... "Deer Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "Dominion Peak". Geographic Names Information ...
How many deer is too many deer?. In an ideal world, biologists would have a simple common practice to guide deer management. In ... Deer can die from stress during capture or translocation, and there are seldom release sites that need deer. Relocated deer ... An average deer will eat nearly 500 kg of vegetation each year.5 The entire population of deer in the United States will eat ... What Do We Do with Too Many White-tailed Deer? * White-tailed deer are excellent colonizers. How have they and other species ...
Quality Deer Management / April, 9 2019 10 Big Trends in the U.S. Deer Harvest White-tailed deer are the most important ... Can we just get through one deer season without a family having to bury a loved one who fell from their deer stand? Yes, deer ... New Deer Knowledge from the 2017 Southeast Deer Study Group Meeting When QDMA gives you advice on whitetail biology, deer ... Quality Deer Management / July, 8 2020 5 Easy Ways to Meet Your Deer-Hunting Neighbors I know Im not the only one who has ...
The water deer (Hydropotes inermis) is a small deer superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer. Native to China ... The water deer have developed long canine teeth which protrude from the upper jaw like the canines of musk deer. The canines ... "Deer distribution Chinese water deer 2000-2007" (PDF). bds.org.uk. Retrieved 19 December 2010.. ... The British Deer Society coordinated a survey of wild deer in the United Kingdom between 2005 and 2007 and noted the Chinese ...
... 3.15.1 Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer). 3.15.2 Mazama americana (brocket deer) ... Brocket deer are also stalked, hunted from blinds and trapped, including the use of fixed guns to shoot passing deer. The ... M. americana processing, quality and uses are similar to those of the white-tailed deer. Brocket deer hides also have ... All are valuable game species, although Blastocerus dichotomus, the pantano deer, and Ozotoceros bezoarticus, the pampas deer ...
Range of the Siberian musk deer The Siberian musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of ... The Siberian musk deer is considered vulnerable, but is slowly declining to endangerment. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is ... Deforestation is a severe threat to the musk deers long term survival because the deer can only live in a few areas. ... The decline of the Siberian Musk Deers population began in China where most of the deer population was abundant. Most notably ...
People have tried deer velvet for many reasons, but with no evidence to support its use. ... Deer velvet covers the bone and cartilage that grows into antlers. ... Deer velvet covers the growing bone and cartilage that develops into deer antlers. People use deer velvet as medicine for a ... Deer velvet contains a small amount of hormones. Taking deer velvet along with estrogen pills might change the effects of ...
Deer Season. "I got your blue state right here, baby": Ted Nugent grabs crotch at Donald Trump rally in Michigan Brendan ...
Surveillance cameras caught the deer racing and tripping before sliding out the door of Enterprise Middle School. (Nov. 30) ... A deer darted through the halls of a school in rural Mississippi Wednesday, startling pupils arriving for the day. ...
58,134), S central Alta., Canada, on the Red Deer River. It developed as a trade and service center for a region of dairying ... Red Deer, city (1991 pop. 58,134), S central Alta., Canada, on the Red Deer River. It developed as a trade and service center ... red deer (wapiti, American elk, Cervus elaphus) See CERVIDAE. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your ... Red Deer, river, 385 mi (620 km) long, rising in the Rocky Mts. in Banff National Park, SW Alta., Canada, and flowing NE past ...
this is the best recipe for deer meat. i have used is for ten years now. i do not liquid smoke. i do not put it in. its better ... My husband is a busy man during deer season... and therefore I am too. By the end of the season I find myself throwing out meat ...
In addition all deer, elk, and moose need to be tested before they are consumed by humans. ... CWD has caused hundreds of captive deer to be euthanized on commercial deer farms in Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa and ... If you live in an urban area, should you be concerned about the spread of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in U.S. deer herds? ... The disease has also spread to non-captive (wild) deer herds.. CWD hasnt been widely publicized. So its no surprise that many ...
... by Lee Townsend, Extension Entomologist. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture. Horse flies ... Deer flies are usually active for specific periods of time during the summer. When outside, repellents such as Deet and Off (N- ... Horse flies and deer flies can be serious nuisances around swimming pools. They may be attracted by the shiny surface of the ... Horse flies and deer flies like sunny areas and usually will not enter barns or deep shade. If animals have access to ...
White-tailed Deer in Indiana, including food habits, family life, habitat and population from the Indiana Department of Natural ... 1943: Deer population estimated at 900 deer.. *1951: First deer season in 58 years-three days in November. (13 percent success ... Concerns about deer-vehicle collisions and crop damage by deer led the Division to begin lowering the deer population in ... less-healthy deer. In 2017 DNR adjusted its deer management goal to manage deer in a more targeted manner to better balance ...
She did him dere.. Etymology 2[edit]. From Middle English deren, derien, from Old English derian ("to damage, injure, hurt, ... Homophones: dear, deer. Verb[edit]. dere (third-person singular simple present deres, present participle dering, simple past ... "Cognate with Middle Dutch dare, dere, Middle Low German dere, Old High German tara ("damage, injury"). ... "Cognate with Scots dere, deir ("to harm, hurt, injure"), Saterland Frisian dera ("to injure, damage"), West Frisian deare, ...
The Supple Deer. The quiet opening. between fence strands. perhaps eighteen inches. ...
I, too, am not the biggest fan of deer meat, but the venison was absolutely delicious. My husband works hard to get his deer, ... Thinly slice the deer chops and brown them in a heavy skillet over medium-high heat. Transfer the meat to a slow cooker. Mix in ... My husband, nephew, sons, and I all agree this is the best recipe we have ever tasted with deer meat. The meat was soooo tender ... My husband, nephew, sons, and I all agree this is the best recipe we have ever tasted with deer meat. The meat was soooo tender ...
When deer are too dear and elk are too elegant. Probe 189:1-2, 5.. WRIGHT, S. E., R. A. DOLBEER, AND A. J. MONTONEY. 1998. Deer ... White-tailed deer activity, contraception, and estrous cycling. Pages 124-137 in Lee, C. D., and S. E. Hygnstrom, editors. ... Fencing for Deer and Elk. Porcupines, Voles, Rabbits, Hares, Pikas. Repellent Use in Protecting Forest Resources ... Stored-crop loss due to deer consumption. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(2):578-582.. ENGEMAN, R. M., B. K. MAEDKE, AND S. F. ...
Looking for fashion events in Red Deer? Whether youre a local, new in town, or just passing through, youll be sure to find ...
A smoked deer roast can be sliced thin and served warm or chilled. (Image: Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images). Smoking fresh ... deer meat is a centuries-old method of cooking and preserving the venison by using the indirect heat of a fire. Adding aromatic ...
While no plant is deer-proof, there are many that are deer-resistant or seldom damaged by deer. ... Protection from Deer. If you live in an area where deer are a constant threat to your landscape plants, consider protecting ... by deer. These trees are more resistant to deer than other species of cherry trees. Depending on the variety of tree you grow, ... One way to do this is simply by laying wire fencing on the ground around the tree, as the deer dont like stepping on it, ...
Iowa States Deer Tick Home Page Ixodes scapularis, the black-legged or deer tick, has four life stages.. Shown here are the ... Male deer tick with dime for size comparison *Male *Male: movie [378K], MPEG format or QuickTime [876k] Nymph. *Deer tick nymph ... Deer tick larva with dime for size comparison *Larva close up *Larva: movie [114K], MPEG format or QuickTime [484k] Also check ... Female deer tick with dime for size comparison *Female: movie [60K], MPEG format or QuickTime [182k] Male. * ...
www.questionsanswered.net/article/what-should-i-feed-deer. Whether you want to attract deer to your backyard or you already ... www.doityourself.com/stry/deer-fencing-tips-and-tricks. There are two basic kinds of deer fencing: wire and electric fencing. ... Learn how to keep deer out of your garden with DIYNetwork.com. Dont fall for Bambis doe eyes. Protect your valuable plants. ... There are two basic kinds of deer fencing-wire and electric. Both are fairly commo... ...
Shop Deer Skulls Keychains from CafePress. Find great designs on high quality keychains in a variety of shapes and sizes. ✓Free ... Simply choose from our growing collection of Deer Skulls Keychains. Perfect for car keys, house keys or hiding keys in the ...
This forum covers Deer Island, OR local community news, events for your calendar, and updates from colleges, churches, sports, ... Topix › Oregon › Columbia County › Deer Island › Deer Island Forum Deer Island Forum. Join the discussion! This forum covers ... Deer Island Mortgages Get current mortgage rates and quotes from multiple lenders in Deer Island, OR. ... Debate: Marijuana - Deer Island, OR (Sep 10) Sep 10 Gregg Mathews 1 ...
Current: Deer-Vehicle Crashes. Deer-Vehicle Crashes. Each year in Indiana, several thousands of dollars worth of damage occurs ... Where there is one deer there are often several. BE ALERT!. • If your vehicle strikes a deer, do not touch it. A frightened or ... In many cases, motorists panic, swerve to miss a deer, lose control of their vehicles and hit fixed objects. As deer migrate ... When possible use high beam headlights at night and be aware that deer could be standing on or near the side of the roadway.. ...
PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- With the earlier onset of nightfall, motorists should be prepared to encounter white-tailed deer ... Since deer often travel in small herds, motorists should exercise caution when one deer crosses a roadway as it will likely be ... Deer are most active during the fall and particularly between sunset and sunrise. Deer also are less cautious and move around ... As Daylight Shortens, Frisky Deer Bring Need for Motorists to be Alert ...
Deer Call The Heat Bleat™ precisely produces the sound of an estrus doe. Adjusts to emit a fawn bawl or sounds in between. ... Best calling whitetail deer grunt in the world lol. It works though - Duration: 1:19. chollokee 177,036 views ... Indiana DNRs Robo-Deer Sting Operation , The Weekly Special - Duration: 4:02. The Weekly Special - WTIU 1,076,835 views ... The most AMAZING Deer Hunting Video EVER!!! HD - Duration: 10:21. Saskatchewan Outdoorsman 5,353,235 views ...
State wildlife officials are responding after two deer harvested in southeastern Minnesota tested positive for Chronic Wasting ... The two deer, both males, were harvested approximately one mile apart. They are the only deer to test positive from 2,493 ... deer. State wildlife officials are responding after two deer harvested in southeastern Minnesota tested positive for Chronic ... deer State wildlife officials are responding after two deer harvested in southeastern Minnesota tested positive for Chronic ...
... Available data for this site SUMMARY OF ALL AVAILABLE DATA. Location map. Surface- ...
... the uncontrolled explosion in the deer population has reached an emergency level and represents a threat t ... Earlier this year, East Hampton officials issued a draft deer management plan stating that ... Nonlethal control of deer population urged. A wild white-tailed deer near a hiking trail atop Perkins Memorial Drive in Bear ... Deer, they stated, do not spread Lyme disease. The culprits are tiny, black-legged ticks commonly called deer ticks that carry ...
  • What Do We Do with Too Many White-tailed Deer? (actionbioscience.org)
  • A female white-tailed deer, with characteristic tail color, at Snowshoe Mountain, West Virginia. (actionbioscience.org)
  • White-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus ) rank among the most charismatic wildlife in North America. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Confronted with the mixed blessing of white-tailed deer, wildlife biologists are broadening the scope of the discipline of wildlife management. (actionbioscience.org)
  • The problems posed by white-tailed deer overabundance are by no means unique. (actionbioscience.org)
  • With an estimated 30 million white-tailed deer in the United States today, it is difficult to believe these animals nearly became extinct just over a century ago. (actionbioscience.org)
  • We are hunters from all walks of life who share a passion for white-tailed deer. (qdma.com)
  • We believe it is our responsibility to ensure the future of white-tailed deer, wildlife habitat and our hunting heritage. (qdma.com)
  • As professional white-tailed deer biologists, we are constantly prodded by friends and family for some type of insider information that could help improve their odds of encountering mature deer. (qdma.com)
  • The preferred neotropical game deer are unquestionably the white-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus) in the north and Mazama americana in the tropical forests. (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer are widely distributed from Canada to Bolivia and northern Brazil wherever adequate habitats are found, although not much is known about the species' distribution in Brazil. (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer are usually smaller and lighter than their North American congeners, varying by subspecies and locality. (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer in Suriname can weigh up to 60 kg (73). (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer are extremely scarce throughout most of their range, however, at less than 1/km 2 . (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer live in small groups of 2 to 6 or more, preferably in ecotones and open habitats, and apparently lack a marked tendency to form harems. (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer are active in the morning and afternoon but they may become strictly nocturnal and extremely shy where constantly persecuted (66, 80, 238, 336, 384). (fao.org)
  • There are no specific studies on white-tailed deer in the neotropics. (fao.org)
  • Browse and forbs constitute the basic diet of the white-tailed deer, but dietary selection varies greatly from one place to the next (75, 82, 149, 224, 336). (fao.org)
  • White-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus ) are Indiana's only representative of the family Cervidae, which includes mule deer, elk and moose. (in.gov)
  • The successful reintroduction of white-tailed deer and success in growing the population was funded through the sales of hunting and fishing licenses fees and funds from the Pittman-Robertson Act. (in.gov)
  • In the 2019 Indiana White-tailed Deer Report , Indiana DNR estimated peak breeding dates for every county. (in.gov)
  • Deer may live to 20 years or more in captivity, but in the wild, a 10 year old white-tailed deer is considered old. (in.gov)
  • The white-tailed deer breeding season, or rut, primarily occurs in October and November. (in.gov)
  • 2002. In search of active PZP epitope in white-tailed deer immunocontraception. (usda.gov)
  • 2002. Coyote hair as an area repellent for white-tailed deer. (usda.gov)
  • 2001. Behavioral observations and physiological implications for the white-tailed deer treated with two different immunocontraceptives. (usda.gov)
  • 2001. Porcine zona pellucida immunocontraception: long-term health effects on white-tailed deer. (usda.gov)
  • 2001. Seven years of white-tailed deer immunocontraceptive research at Penn State University: a comparison of two vaccines. (usda.gov)
  • 2000. Home ranges and habitat selection of white-tailed deer in a suburban nature area in eastern Nebraska. (usda.gov)
  • 2000. Immunocontraception of white-tailed deer with GnRH vaccine. (usda.gov)
  • 1999. Long-term effects of PZP immunization on reproduction in white-tailed deer. (usda.gov)
  • 1999. Oral vaccination of white-tailed deer using a recombinant bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine expressing the Borrelia burgdorferi outer surface protein A: prospects for immunocontraception. (usda.gov)
  • 1999. Use of nettted cage traps for capturing white-tailed deer. (usda.gov)
  • 1997. Development of a bait for the oral delivery of pharmaceuticals to white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). (usda.gov)
  • Oct. 26 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- With the earlier onset of nightfall, motorists should be prepared to encounter white-tailed deer darting onto roads across Pennsylvania , said PennDOT Secretary Allen D. Biehler, P.E. (prnewswire.com)
  • The highest concentration of large deer species in temperate North America lies in the Canadian Rocky Mountain and Columbia Mountain regions between Alberta and British Columbia where all five North American deer species (white-tailed deer, mule deer, caribou, elk, and moose) can be found. (wikipedia.org)
  • A wild white-tailed deer near a hiking trail atop Perkins Memorial Drive in Bear Mountain State Park. (newsday.com)
  • The white-tailed deer population, for example, is ecologically excessive in 73 percent of its range in North America, and other deer species tip the scales in up to 41 percent of their range. (scientificamerican.com)
  • White-tailed deer management in Florida is a conservation success story. (myfwc.com)
  • White-tailed deer are the most popular game species in Florida. (myfwc.com)
  • The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has partnered with University of Georgia to conduct a large-scale white-tailed deer research project in South Florida. (myfwc.com)
  • The Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC) has been collecting biological data since 2009 from white-tailed deer to estimate the breeding dates for deer across the state. (myfwc.com)
  • They arent the greatest quality, definitely could be better, but they were still fun taking and I'm sure a lot of you don't get to the chance to see a zillion white-tailed deer wherever you go. (celiac.com)
  • The graceful white-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus ) is the most abundant of Massachusetts' large game animals. (massaudubon.org)
  • White-tailed deer have long legs and narrow hooves, which make them swift runners and good jumpers. (massaudubon.org)
  • The return of the white-tailed deer as a major game species in Iowa is a tribute to good landowner attitude and progressive management, research and enforcement programs. (iowadnr.gov)
  • Like other states in the midwest Iowa produces some outstanding white-tailed deer. (iowadnr.gov)
  • Images of a few members of the family Cervidae (clockwise from top left) consisting of the red deer , the sika deer , the barasingha , the reindeer , and the white-tailed deer , and the grey brocket , and the elk , and the pudú . (wikipedia.org)
  • During breeding season, male deer will grow tusks instead of antlers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deer velvet covers the growing bone and cartilage that develops into deer antlers. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Antlers to hind hooves, four feet off the ground, the deer poured through. (poets.org)
  • Female reindeer, and male deer of all species except the Chinese water deer, grow and shed new antlers each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stepping off the train, first time Nara visitors are immediately greeted with artwork surrounding the station depicting the deer, and two mascots: Shikamaro-kun, a cute cartoon deer, and Sento-Kun, a baby with deer antlers representing the city. (cnn.com)
  • The distinctive splayed antlers of black-tailed deer bucks have become an increasingly rare sight in California, particularly if you are accustomed to spotting the appendages through a rifle scope. (sfgate.com)
  • Those who successfully harvest a deer in Iowa with trophy-sized antlers are encouraged to enter the rack in Iowa's big game registry. (iowadnr.gov)
  • This clever deer in France was filmed getting up on its hind legs, using its antlers to knock its favorite fruit from the top of a tree. (msn.com)
  • Deer play a role in the transmission of tick-borne infections to humans, including Lyme disease. (actionbioscience.org)
  • the black-legged or deer tick, has four life stages. (iastate.edu)
  • Also check out our Deer Tick Survey for Iowa residents to see how you can get a tick identified free of charge. (iastate.edu)
  • The culprits are tiny, black-legged ticks commonly called deer ticks that carry B. burgdorferi, a bacterium that infects the tick and causes Lyme disease , which is marked by fever, rash and joint pain but treatable with antibiotics. (newsday.com)
  • This is an adult female deer tick, Ixodes dammini . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Scientists report that there's another troublesome germ hiding in the deer tick that already harbors the Lyme disease bacterium. (medicinenet.com)
  • Removal of a deer tick up to 36 hours after it has attached to the skin can prevent the transmission of Lyme disease. (wikihow.com)
  • Within that timeframe, there are multiple methods for removing a deer tick to ensure your health. (wikihow.com)
  • On February 1st, Deer Tick will release a new compilation album entitled 'Mayonnaise' - an 11 song companion piece to last year's full-length albums 'Deer Tick Vol. 1' and 'Deer Tick Vol. 2' (with two additional bonus tracks). (roughtrade.com)
  • With their highly anticipated last project(s), two albums released simultaneously titled Deer Tick Vol. 1 and Deer Tick Vol. 2, the crew from Rhode Island proved that their punk-roots rock had only gotten better with age. (roughtrade.com)
  • Vol. 1 is classic Deer Tick: folk-rooted acoustic guitars and soft piano cushion out-front vocals. (roughtrade.com)
  • For the first time ever, Deer Tick--an all-consuming band known for constant touring and steady artistic output--took a backseat. (roughtrade.com)
  • The result, recorded at Ardent Studios in Memphis, Tennessee, was a bold double punch that reminds us not only why Deer Tick has been so missed, but why they've become important artists. (roughtrade.com)
  • This particular time, it was hot as balls and McCauley had lined up his usual dogged lineup with multiple shows for Deer Tick, Middle Brother and wherever else he could sit in. (hearya.com)
  • Like most Deer Tick albums, there are a whole host of influences throughout. (hearya.com)
  • After a few more listens of Negativity, another moment with Deer Tick stuck in mind. (hearya.com)
  • For John's sake and for fans of Deer Tick and his other amazing projects, let's hope so. (hearya.com)
  • Deer Tick is here . (hearya.com)
  • Any time, he has more than a month to recuperate from Deer Tick albums and touring, he opts to gather friends, create a new band and crank out a new album. (hearya.com)
  • Diamond Rugs is a collaboration between John McCauley (Deer Tick), Robbie Crowell (Deer Tick), Ian Saint Pé (The Black Lips), Steve Berlin (Los Lobos), Hardy Morris (Dead Confederate) and Bryan Dufresne (Six Finger Satellite). (hearya.com)
  • Support for this hypothesis comes partly from studies of experimental removal or exclusion of deer, which has often led to reduced tick densities ( 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • Fatal case of deer tick virus encephalitis. (nih.gov)
  • Deer tick virus is related to Powassan virus, a tickborne encephalitis virus. (nih.gov)
  • Nucleic acid was extracted from formalin-fixed tissue, and the presence of deer tick virus was verified on a flavivirus-specific polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) assay, followed by sequence confirmation. (nih.gov)
  • Immunohistochemical analysis with antisera specific for deer tick virus identified numerous immunoreactive neurons, with prominent involvement of large neurons in the brain stem, cerebellum, basal ganglia, thalamus, and spinal cord. (nih.gov)
  • This case demonstrates that deer tick virus can be a cause of fatal encephalitis. (nih.gov)
  • It is primarily carried by the deer tick. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Sika deer ( Cervus nippon ) have caused extensive damage throughout parts of Japan. (actionbioscience.org)
  • like the family name Cervidae, this is from Latin: cervus, meaning stag or deer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tuberculosis in a red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) due to an atypical mycobacterium. (fao.org)
  • Tuberculosis in a free living red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) in Scotland. (fao.org)
  • In some places, deer are responsible for the disappearance of over half of all plant species-in just a few decades. (actionbioscience.org)
  • The etymology of the species name corresponds to the Latin word inermis meaning unarmed, defenceless - itself constructed from the prefix in- meaning without and the stem arma meaning defensive arms, armor -, [7] and refers to the fact that the water deer is antlerless. (wikipedia.org)
  • All are valuable game species, although Blastocerus dichotomus , the pantano deer, and Ozotoceros bezoarticus, the pampas deer are less valuable, being less abundant and the quality of their meat poor (93, 104, 523). (fao.org)
  • In 2016, the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk deer to help conserve the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larvae of horse fly and deer fly species develop in the mud along pond edges or stream banks, wetlands, or seepage areas. (uky.edu)
  • These trees are more resistant to deer than other species of cherry trees. (ehow.com)
  • For many types of deer in modern English usage, the male is a buck and the female a doe, but the terms vary with dialect, and according to the size of the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The male red deer is a stag, while for other large species the male is a bull, the female a cow, as in cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • While often associated with forests, many deer are ecotone species that live in transitional areas between forests and thickets (for cover) and prairie and savanna (open space). (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of large deer species inhabit temperate mixed deciduous forest, mountain mixed coniferous forest, tropical seasonal/dry forest, and savanna habitats around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • An additional extinct species of deer, Megaceroides algericus, was present in North Africa until 6000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Small species of brocket deer and pudús of Central and South America, and muntjacs of Asia generally occupy dense forests and are less often seen in open spaces, with the possible exception of the Indian muntjac. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also several species of deer that are highly specialized and live almost exclusively in mountains, grasslands, swamps, and "wet" savannas, or riparian corridors surrounded by deserts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The speakers urged people to drive slower to reduce risk of hitting deer and to change their outdoor plants to species less tasty to the animal. (newsday.com)
  • The team found that the more a bird species relied on the forest understory for nesting and food, the more it was adversely affected by a sizable deer population. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Elk and deer (two ungulate species) cause the most widespread damage to forest resources. (usda.gov)
  • The Columbian black-tailed deer, or Odocoileus hemionus columbianus, is the smallest, darkest and most common of the three deer species that are prevalent in California, with bucks weighing up to 200 pounds and does topping out at 140 pounds. (sfgate.com)
  • The other two most abundant deer species in the state are the California mule deer and the Rocky Mountain mule deer. (sfgate.com)
  • Combined native range of all species of deer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The water deer is a small species of the deer family that resembles more of a musk deer than an actual deer. (worldatlas.com)
  • Your support enables our exciting programs to recruit, assist and educate new deer hunters. (qdma.com)
  • As a young hunter, I often puzzled over the depictions of the chest cavity in diagrams for hunters and on targets that displayed organs, because they were often at odds with my understanding of deer anatomy. (qdma.com)
  • The passion of the hunt will inspire 100,000 deer hunters in the next few weeks, with Saturday's opening of deer season in the northern part of the state the most optimistic in years. (sfgate.com)
  • That means the annual pre-opener Friday crush of hunters wanting to buy deer tags at DFG offices will be locked out. (sfgate.com)
  • Hunters from the Bay Area and Sacramento en route to the mountains for the weekend, who traditionally stop in to buy their licenses and tags, will find the doors locked and the windows dark. (sfgate.com)
  • The risk of having a deer-related crash further increases in October as hunters take to the woods for the opening of archery and small game seasons. (prnewswire.com)
  • With muzzleloader deer season stretching into mid-December and archery season open through Saturday, Dec. 31, the DNR advises hunters to take these precautions when harvesting deer. (usatoday.com)
  • In addition to being valued by hunters, deer are appreciated by hikers, wildlife photographers, and other outdoor enthusiasts. (myfwc.com)
  • The unnamed patient had hunted deer in the same area where two other hunters were infected more than 15 years earlier. (cnn.com)
  • But there's another problem, too: a shortage of deer hunters. (wsj.com)
  • The California deer population has plummeted over the past two decades - by 46 percent - if the yearly count of bucks killed by hunters is a proper measure. (sfgate.com)
  • That was out of 164,753 hunters who pursued deer in 2009. (sfgate.com)
  • Wayne Burch wants deer hunters like himself to help feed Virginia's hungry people. (dailypress.com)
  • Organized participation in Hunters for the Hungry offers the potential for dozens of Middle Peninsula deer, with perhaps 50 pounds of meat each, to be donated, he said. (dailypress.com)
  • Last year, Central processed a 85,000 pounds of deer, including a couple of truckloads from Hunters for the Hungry participants, he said. (dailypress.com)
  • Last spring, a Health Department official in Southwest Virginia said Hunters for the Hungry would have to cease operation because the deer meat was not inspected, said Butts. (dailypress.com)
  • Hunters can register their harvest of deer or turkey online or by tollfree phone call. (illinois.gov)
  • Likewise, responsibility for the future of deer in Iowa depends upon the cooperation of hunters and landowners, preservation of critical timber habitat, legislative support and continued professional management of the resource. (iowadnr.gov)
  • Deer hunters who want to have their trophy rack officially measured should call one of the official Iowa measurers listed above to set up an appointment to have the rack measured. (iowadnr.gov)
  • HUSH is a cooperative effort among Iowa deer hunters, the Food Bank of Iowa, meat processors and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. (iowadnr.gov)
  • Thank you to all of the hunters who donated deer to the HUSH program during the 2016-2017 hunting season. (iowadnr.gov)
  • By participating in HUSH, hunters can continue to hunt after they would normally stop and thus help reduce the deer population and provide high-quality venison for the needy in Iowa. (iowadnr.gov)
  • Hunters must be properly licensed to hunt deer. (iowadnr.gov)
  • Hunters sometimes shoot a deer with lumps on the skin. (huntingnet.com)
  • The water deer ( Hydropotes inermis ) is a small deer superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer . (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] [4] Its prominent tusks (elongated canines ), similar to those of musk deer , have led to both being colloquially named vampire deer in English-speaking areas to which they have been imported. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Siberian musk deer ( Moschus moschiferus ) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Although bearing fangs , Siberian musk deer are actually herbivores with their main source of nutrients being lichens . (wikipedia.org)
  • It takes approximately a year for the Siberian musk deer to reach maturity with an average deer living 10 - 14 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • When marking their territories, musk deer gather fallen branches, tree trunks, as well as plant stems and place them in a circle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other ways the Siberian Musk Deer will mark its territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most Siberian musk deer are generally nocturnal inhabiting the mountainous taiga and found in shrub-covered slopes where foods are abundant. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rocky location provides crevices and crags for the musk deer to hide from many predators, such as lynx and wolverines . (wikipedia.org)
  • Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods that are both rich in protein and low in fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • During periods of winter, musk deer can survive in even poorer food quality ranging in foods that are low in proteins but are high in energy and can be easily digested. (wikipedia.org)
  • Siberian Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Siberian musk deer is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN . (wikipedia.org)
  • The most striking characteristics of the Siberian musk deer are its tusks and kangaroo-like face. (wikipedia.org)
  • Siberian musk deer preputial gland secretions are constituted of free fatty acids and phenols (10%), waxes (38%) and steroids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Males have long protruding canines that originate from the upper jaw and resemble the canines of the musk deer. (worldatlas.com)
  • Moose, elk, and other types of deer are also overpopulated. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a comparable Transmissible Spongiform Encepholopathy (TSE) that infects deer, elk, and moose. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Similarly most deer, elk, and moose, are killed and consumed with no testing for CWD required. (organicconsumers.org)
  • In addition all deer, elk, and moose need to be tested before they are consumed by humans. (organicconsumers.org)
  • CWD is a brain disease that is fatal to deer, elk and moose but is not known at this point to affect human health. (usatoday.com)
  • The scary part of brainworms is that even though the deer are spared, the worm is lethal for other animals- moose, elk, mule deer, etc. (huntingnet.com)
  • Hugh and Brandon discuss what's become known as 'Zombie Deer Disease', or Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a prion disease that affects deer, elk, reindeer, sika deer and moose. (newschannel5.com)
  • While deer do not spread the disease, they do transport infected ticks. (newsday.com)
  • Zhang P, Guo Z, Ma L, Wang G, Zhao Y. Investigation of anti-fatigue effect and simultaneous determination of eight nucleosides in different parts of velvet antler in red deer and sika deer. (medlineplus.gov)
  • N. Robert and H. Posthaus "Uterine Adenocarcinoma in a Captive Sika Deer," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 35(1), 141-144, (1 January 1999). (bioone.org)
  • Fallow deer have been introduced to South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visitors to Dublin's Phoenix Park hoping to catch sight of its fallow deer herd may come across the unusual sight of Laura Griffin and her team walking uniformly along the long grass, nets in hand. (reuters.com)
  • A list of bovine tuberculosis in fallow deer. (fao.org)
  • Black-tailed deer, combined with mule deer, inhabit about 75 percent of California's wildlands. (sfgate.com)
  • Deer density increases encounters with humans, including car collisions. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Since 1994, Korean water deer have been designated as "harmful wildlife" , a term given by the Ministry of Environment to wild creatures that can cause harm to humans or to their property. (wikipedia.org)
  • Horse flies and deer flies are bloodsucking insects that can be serious pests of cattle, horses, and humans. (uky.edu)
  • Deer flies, which commonly bite humans, are smaller with dark bands across the wings and colored eyes similar to those of horse flies. (uky.edu)
  • In fact deer are 20X more sensitive to blue light than humans. (in.gov)
  • However, deer cannot see colors in the orange and red range as humans can. (in.gov)
  • S tone Age humans populated the Scottish islands with red deer transported 'considerable distances' by boat, said researchers, who admitted surprise at our prehistoric ancestors' seafaring prowess. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Our results imply that Neolithic humans were transporting deer considerable distances, by sea, from an unknown source' some 4,500-5,500 years ago, co-author David Stanton, of Cardiff University, said. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Perhaps humans managed deer, having long-term relationships with herds that allowed them to plan, capture and transport deer on longer voyages. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Red deer were said to be central to life for Stone Age humans. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Nara's deer have historically been on friendly terms with humans in the area. (cnn.com)
  • And four other germs that affect humans lurk in deer ticks . (medicinenet.com)
  • Another object of the invention is to provide a deer repellent formulation more acceptable to humans. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • A serious virus contagious among deer, but not among humans, is hemorrhagic disease. (huntingnet.com)
  • An example is foot and mouth disease, which passes between deer, hogs and cattle and sometimes humans. (huntingnet.com)
  • And while the debate over hunting as a legitimate form of population control will most likely run on and on , the fact is that deer do not just limit humans' ability to grow what they want to grow, but they can severely damage wildflowers and domesticated blooms that bees and other pollinators rely on for survival. (treehugger.com)
  • At the same time, market hunting, weak enforcement of game laws, and habitat loss conspired to drive deer to dangerously low numbers by the late 1800s. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Water deer are indigenous to the lower reaches of the Yangtze River , coastal Jiangsu province ( Yancheng Coastal Wetlands ), and islands of Zhejiang of east-central China, and in Korea, where the demilitarized zone has provided a protected habitat for a large number. (wikipedia.org)
  • As urban population has moved into deer habitat, especially in the foothills of the Bay Area and Sierra, the backyard deer will spend its entire life in about a five-mile radius, according to Fish and Game radio collar tracking studies. (sfgate.com)
  • Deer are common throughout Indiana, as they are very adaptive and can thrive across a wide range of landscapes and habitat conditions. (in.gov)
  • By the 1930s deer were absent from much of Florida, however, today they are found throughout the state thanks to science-based wildlife and habitat management. (myfwc.com)
  • The three-year study, which is being done in coordination with UC Davis, is documenting habitat changes, vegetation, predation, land use patterns and other factors that might affect black-tailed deer. (sfgate.com)
  • It is focusing on the mountains east of Covelo (Mendocino County) because that area has historically had some of the best deer habitat in the state and has, for the most part, been unaffected by human encroachment. (sfgate.com)
  • Much of Massachusetts is now ideal deer habitat. (massaudubon.org)
  • The water deer is seriously threatened in their native habitats due to poaching and habitat destruction. (worldatlas.com)
  • Join Park and Deer Keeper Dom Andrews on a winter morning feeding session with Knole's deer herd. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • In 1177, Kujo Kanezane, a nobleman visiting the area with his family, encountered a herd of deer with his traveling party. (cnn.com)
  • While an epizootic outbreak of trypanosomiasis in a herd of spotted deer at Maitri Baugh Zoo, Bhilai, Madhya Pradesh, India, was being investigated, an adult male deer died of M. avium tuberculosis. (fao.org)
  • Maria Leijerstam from Llantrithyd Deer Park outlines her concerns for exploratory drilling in the village in the Vale of Glamorgan amid concerns for the herd and the surrounding area. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The deer herd in the area has greatly increased over the past years. (baltimoresun.com)
  • State Farm Insurance estimates drivers had over 1.9 million deer vehicle accidents (DVAs) from 2018-19. (qdma.com)
  • If each deer provides an average of 22 kg of meat, this amounts to 132,000 metric tons. (actionbioscience.org)
  • this is the best recipe for deer meat. (allrecipes.com)
  • My husband, nephew, sons, and I all agree this is the best recipe we have ever tasted with deer meat. (allrecipes.com)
  • I, too, am not the biggest fan of deer meat, but the venison was absolutely delicious. (allrecipes.com)
  • Smoking fresh deer meat is a centuries-old method of cooking and preserving the venison by using the indirect heat of a fire. (ehow.com)
  • If you have your deer or elk commercially processed, request that your animal is processed individually, without meat from other animals being added to meat from your animal. (usatoday.com)
  • This page is all about the nutrition of Game meat, deer, raw. (bellaonline.com)
  • I'm sure you've heard them: Deer meat can't be aged like beef, because it dries out if left hanging. (fieldandstream.com)
  • And: You only need to hang deer a day or two for tender meat, so any longer is a waste of time. (fieldandstream.com)
  • More than 30 meat processors around the state, most of them in western Virginia, work with the donated deer project, said Horne. (dailypress.com)
  • Don Butts, staff veterinarian with the state Bureau of Meat and Poultry Inspection, said that doesn't mean there is a health risk with properly handled deer meat. (dailypress.com)
  • It's an unknown,'' he said, so as a precaution, deer meat and other wild game is segregated from inspected meats. (dailypress.com)
  • After shooting a deer, immediately field dress or gut the animal to preserve the meat and avoid spoiling. (wikihow.com)
  • Deer, they stated, do not spread Lyme disease . (newsday.com)
  • The bacterium in question is Borrelia miyamotoi and is found on deer ticks (also known as blacklegged ticks) in parts of the country where Lyme disease is prevalent. (medicinenet.com)
  • Deer ticks tend to be found in wooded areas and can carry bacteria that lead to Lyme disease and other infectious illnesses. (wikihow.com)
  • The emergence of Lyme disease has been attributed to a century-long recovery of deer, an important reproductive host for adult ticks. (pnas.org)
  • The continuing and rapid increase in Lyme disease over the past two decades, long after the recolonization of deer, suggests that other factors, including changes in the ecology of small-mammal hosts may be responsible for the continuing emergence of Lyme disease. (pnas.org)
  • We then show that increases in Lyme disease in the northeastern and midwestern United States over the past three decades are frequently uncorrelated with deer abundance and instead coincide with a range-wide decline of a key small-mammal predator, the red fox, likely due to expansion of coyote populations. (pnas.org)
  • Further, across four states we find poor spatial correlation between deer abundance and Lyme disease incidence, but coyote abundance and fox rarity effectively predict the spatial distribution of Lyme disease in New York. (pnas.org)
  • The emergence of Lyme disease has been attributed to the century-long population recovery of deer, which are not competent hosts for transmitting B. burgdorferi to ticks but are nonetheless important reproductive hosts for adult ticks ( 7 , 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • Lyme disease, caused by deer ticks, is increasing, making the presence of deer in our back yards more dangerous. (baltimoresun.com)
  • instances of Lyme disease, caused by ticks deer carry, are also rising. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Across much of the state, a wet spring, mild summer and high forage resulted in excellent nutrition for deer, and in turn, impressive antler growth for bucks, according to many wildlife specialists and field scout reports. (sfgate.com)
  • State wildlife officials are responding after two deer harvested in southeastern Minnesota tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). (usatoday.com)
  • One of our wildlife managers even spotted deer and coyotes '-natural enemies-'standing on the same levee together,' he said. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The research investigates several aspects of deer ecology in Big Cypress National Preserve and Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge. (myfwc.com)
  • The deer population harvest has been steadily declining," said David Casady , an associate wildlife biologist for the Department of Fish and Game . (sfgate.com)
  • Do Deer Fences Restrict Other Wildlife? (treehugger.com)
  • A group of doctors doctors and wildlife experts are calling for the federal government to implement stricter regulations to protect Canadians from something that's been called the mad cow disease of deer. (cbc.ca)
  • Nestled in rolling sagebrush hills, Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge provides watery oases for resident and migratory wildlife, including spectacular concentrations of mallards and Canada geese. (fws.gov)
  • Find out how you can connect your students or group with nature and the Refuge System through environmental education programs at Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge. (fws.gov)
  • Visitors to Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge can enjoy a variety of recreational activities, including wildlife-watching and photography, hunting, fishing, and environmental education and interpretation. (fws.gov)
  • And the evolving change in the behavior of deer herds in the Sierra is another issue. (sfgate.com)
  • Under optimal conditions, deer populations will double every two years. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Active conservation efforts, including hunting restrictions, conservation law enforcement, predator control, game refuge creation, and deer reintroduction were used to restore endangered or extirpated deer populations. (actionbioscience.org)
  • The future of deer hunting needs sustainable, healthy deer populations and quality hunting opportunities on public and private lands. (qdma.com)
  • Clearing open areas within forests to some extent may actually benefit deer populations by exposing the understory and allowing the types of grasses, weeds, and herbs to grow that deer like to eat. (wikipedia.org)
  • But according to biologist Sylvain Allombert of the Center for Functional Evolution and Biology in Montpellier, France, and colleagues, few studies have considered the overabundance of deer, whose populations are reaching historic peaks. (scientificamerican.com)
  • To obtain a solid comparison, the researchers studied islands with a range of deer history: two of the islands had no deer at all, two had deer populations for about 20 years and two had deer for more than 50 years. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The study has implications for understanding bird populations in such regions and for managing deer abundance. (scientificamerican.com)
  • And by monitoring the understory and keeping tabs on bird populations, biologists will have a better means for regulating deer numbers. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Hunting to suppress deer populations-often impractical to solve specific problems. (usda.gov)
  • We've seen photos of herds of deer on levees trying to get away from the waters and heard from the Army Corps of Engineers that they've seen deer drowned during the flood,' Odom said. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Unless you've experienced large herds of deer in your neighborhood, you cannot appreciate the damage they do. (baltimoresun.com)
  • If you live in an urban area, should you be concerned about the spread of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in U.S. deer herds? (organicconsumers.org)
  • It is quite possible that deer provide more economic and aesthetic benefits to people than any other mammal in North America. (actionbioscience.org)
  • Some deer have a circumpolar distribution in both North America and Eurasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The city's main occupation seems to be feeding the thousands of deer, and there are signs and vendors everywhere, not to mention vending machines, as well as countless movable carts, all selling shika senbei, or deer crackers. (latimes.com)
  • Shika-senbei (special deer rice crackers) are available for tourists to purchase. (cnn.com)
  • Over the years, they've learned to exchange a bow for a shika-senbei (special deer rice crackers available from vendors at the park). (cnn.com)
  • 5 The entire population of deer in the United States will eat the equivalent of 15 million metric tons of vegetation per year, which is greater than the combined weight of all aircraft carriers in the U.S. Navy! (actionbioscience.org)
  • The current population of Chinese water deer at Whipsnade is currently estimated to be more than 600, while the population at Woburn is probably in excess of 250. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of the current population of Chinese water deer in Britain derives from escapees, with the remainder being descended from a number of deliberate releases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the severe amount of poaching for its musk gland, the deer population is continuing to decrease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deer population estimated at 900 deer. (in.gov)
  • 2002. Efficacy of hunting for managing a suburban deer population in eastern Nebraska. (usda.gov)
  • 2000. Deer population management through hunting in a suburban nature area in eastern Nebraska. (usda.gov)
  • Earlier this year, East Hampton officials issued a draft deer management plan stating that "the uncontrolled explosion in the deer population has reached an emergency level" and represents a threat to public health and safety, personal property and the environment. (newsday.com)
  • Town officials do not have statistics on the area's deer population. (newsday.com)
  • These trends, when put together with results from this and previous studies, underline the potential role of deer abundance as a factor explaining negative population trends in forest songbirds, a role probably still under-estimated," the authors write. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Since 2006, water deer has been reintroduced in Shanghai, with population increased from 21 individuals in 2007 to 227~299 individuals in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a hunter, consider buying extra antlerless-only deer permits to help reduce the deer population. (iowadnr.gov)
  • But somehow the deer population has increased dramatically. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Over 10 million people spend nearly $6 billion to hunt deer in the United States each year. (actionbioscience.org)
  • As a member, you'll attract, hold and effectively hunt mature bucks with the latest information on forage and cover, deer senses and behaviors, expert hunting approaches, and more. (qdma.com)
  • The hunt is now on to find the ancestors of these deer,' said Mr Stanton. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • One of the most obvious reasons for this, is that Deer Hunt 2004 offers a "Quick Hunt" option that allows you to jump into any location without worrying about resources like cash. (ign.com)
  • Before the season starts Nov. 16 in most other localities, Burch is visiting hunt clubs on the Middle Peninsula, asking members to set aside a day or a week in which they'll donate the deer they shoot. (dailypress.com)
  • For the avid deer hunter in Iowa this presents itself as the perfect opportunity to hunt longer and have a direct impact in a local community. (iowadnr.gov)
  • The recent publicity regarding the deer cull on my property calls for a response ('Neighbors concerned by deer hunt permit,' Oct. 11). (baltimoresun.com)
  • Gevir, a company based out of New Zealand that creates a unique line of supplements made from pure New Zealand deer antler velvet as the only ingredient, announced its supplements are now available for purchase on Go4ItNutrition.com, a popular nutritional products website. (prweb.com)
  • The couple had searched far and wide for treatment options to help relieve the disease's symptoms, and soon discovered that deer antler, which had been a key element of ancient eastern medicine, had natural healing properties that gave her some outstanding results. (prweb.com)
  • We are excited to announce our deer antler velvet supplements are available for purchase on Go4ItNutrition.com," said Josh Buckman, CEO of Gevir. (prweb.com)
  • Deer antler velvet has been used for hundreds of generations in the eastern world, and now people across the world will be able to experience its benefits, which I have felt firsthand, myself. (prweb.com)
  • The nutritional properties of deer antler velvet provide the human body with the raw materials it needs to create substances necessary for good health. (prweb.com)
  • As an adaptogen, deer antler velvet assists with creating balance and harmony in the body wherever needed. (prweb.com)
  • Gevir's deer antler is all sustainably harvested at its deer farms in New Zealand. (prweb.com)
  • Remote cameras are being used to monitor coyotes and other predators, but only the mountain lion is known to have taken down a full-grown deer. (sfgate.com)
  • This system allows the deer to take in large amounts of food and return to cover quickly, thus avoiding predators. (massaudubon.org)
  • Water deer inhabit the land alongside rivers, where they are protected from sight by the tall reeds and rushes. (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] In Korea, water deer are found nationwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • and, 3) the pudú or dwarf deer, usually found in the Andean region ( Pudu ). (fao.org)
  • Once you have found the 10 festive deer, be sure to return to the Visitor Centre to claim your prize. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Scientists say all animals, including deer, found on the islands today must have been introduced by seafaring people. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • But DNA analysis of Neolithic deer bones found that those on the most distant, northern islands, were genetically dissimilar to deer from Britain, Ireland, the western European mainland or Scandinavia. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In Korea, water deer are found nationwide and are known as gorani (고라니). (wikipedia.org)
  • The present communication puts on record the isolation of Mycobacterium avium from the pulmonary tuberculous lesions found in an adult male spotted deer ( Axis axis ) that died in captivity. (fao.org)
  • Foot worms are also found in whitetails, though they are more common in mule and blacktail deer. (huntingnet.com)
  • But there is no way to determine if it is the same deer that was found dead Aug. 6. (sacbee.com)
  • In his ruling (a copy of which you'll find below), Lucci denied a November 7 motion filed by Hathaway's lawyer, Fredric Anderson, which argued that the deer ceased being an animal upon its death (Hathaway, pictured at right, allegedly found the carcass in a roadside ditch). (thesmokinggun.com)
  • Flower shop break-in attributed to deer They found a broken window, blood, and clumps of hair everywhere. (jsonline.com)
  • Today, Chinese water deer are also found in Argentina , France , the United States , and the United Kingdom . (worldatlas.com)
  • Deer harvest near 9,000. (in.gov)
  • Deer harvest exceeds 32,000. (in.gov)
  • Velvet grows on the deer every single year, and farmers are able to harvest it without having to harm the deer in any way. (prweb.com)
  • Purchase your hunting licenses , check the Deer Harvest Report as well as the current hunting quota counts . (iowadnr.gov)
  • The disease has also spread to non-captive (wild) deer herds. (organicconsumers.org)
  • While the disease has turned up in deer in Wisconsin and northeastern Iowa, the last wild deer to test positive in Minnesota was near Pine Island back in 2010. (usatoday.com)
  • It is unknown how the two CWD-positive deer, which were harvested 4 miles west of Lanesboro in deer permit area 348, contracted the disease. (usatoday.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the New York State Department of Health, and Yale Emerging Infections Program are studying the use of 4-Poster Deer Treatment Devices (or 4-poster devices) to reduce ticks in areas where people live and possibly reduce tickborne diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Deer can contract disease from other animals. (huntingnet.com)
  • Epizootic hemorrhagic disease and "bluetongue" are diseases that can ravage deer herds. (huntingnet.com)
  • Because the virus cannot survive outside the carrier insect or host deer, the only way to determine the disease is to take blood from a live or dead deer. (huntingnet.com)
  • Localized outbreaks of hemorrhagic disease occur in the deer herds of Nebraska and other states from time to time. (huntingnet.com)
  • If a deer contracts the disease but survives, it develops an immunity, preventing further problems the next time it comes in contact with gnats. (huntingnet.com)
  • 3 Over 6 million deer are killed during the hunting season, based on state agency records. (actionbioscience.org)
  • The bounty hunting of gray wolf ( Canis lupus ) and cougar ( Felis concolor ), and the subjugation of indigenous peoples, reduced predation pressure on deer. (actionbioscience.org)
  • As the authority on all things whitetail, we blend the art of hunting with the science of management to create better deer and better deer hunting. (qdma.com)
  • As a QDMA member, you will experience better deer hunting while helping conserve North America's favorite game animal. (qdma.com)
  • Help us secure our deer hunting heritage. (qdma.com)
  • However, the hunting of water deer is not restricted to the warm season, as 18 hunting grounds are currently in operation this winter. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of September 28th, the 2001 deer-hunting season on the City's Water Supply lands has been cancelled, according to an announcement by Commissioner Joel A. Miele Sr., P.E., of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). (nyc.gov)
  • Commissioner Miele said, 'In consultation with Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and under advisement of federal authorities, the City will not issue DEP deer-hunting permits for the 2001 season. (nyc.gov)
  • Immediately following the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11th, DEP announced that, all public access to Water Supply lands, including fishing and hiking privileges had been suspended, but a determination on deer-hunting had not been made at the time. (nyc.gov)
  • For this fall's deer hunting season we had planned to open additional lands and to initiate a pilot bow-hunting season. (nyc.gov)
  • Deer hunting has been a popular activity since at least the Middle Ages and remains a resource for many families today. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study is the first to evaluate the impact deer grazing can have on nest quality and food resources in areas unaffected by human activities such as forestry or hunting. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Get started deer hunting with information about season dates, regulations, hunter safety requirements, and where to go. (myfwc.com)
  • Simply choose from our growing collection of Deer Hunting Heart Keychains. (cafepress.com)
  • In this era, hunting the deer was punishable by death. (cnn.com)
  • Apparently, chasing down deer in an SUV is not considered to be an acceptable hunting method. (ign.com)
  • Deer hunting season opened Thursday in Suffolk and parts of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach. (dailypress.com)
  • Clearing a muzzleloader, breach loader, pump shotgun, bolt action, or a semi-automatic rifle all require different methods you should be apprised with well before hunting deer. (wikihow.com)
  • Deer or true deer are hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • To report a dead deer on state roads, motorists can call 1-800-FIX-ROAD. (prnewswire.com)
  • The argument that dead deer on front lawns may traumatize our children is far-fetched. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Deer are widely distributed, with indigenous representatives in all continents except Antarctica and Australia, though Africa has only one native deer, the Barbary stag, a subspecies of red deer that is confined to the Atlas Mountains in the northwest of the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native to China and Korea, there are two subspecies: the Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis inermis) and the Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus) is one of the two subspecies of Chinese water deer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two subspecies of the water deer are the Korean water deer and the Chinese water deer. (worldatlas.com)
  • This results in widespread destruction of homeowners' landscaping because of the unfettered proliferation of deer in suburban areas. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Deer Tick's perfected it all, mostly as an outlier, revered by a legion of fans, respected by peers, but not part of any one scene. (roughtrade.com)
  • It's been five years since Deer Tick's last release Negativity, and devotees had grown restless. (roughtrade.com)
  • Deer Tick's drummer, Dennis Ryan, was tending to a family emergency so the band played a quasi-acoustic set. (hearya.com)
  • In addition to the famous deer, the park is home to Kofokuji, the family temple of the most powerful clan at the height of Nara's influence. (cnn.com)
  • Many areas within the whitetail's range have abundant deer herds. (qdma.com)
  • It can be frustrating to landscape in an area where deer are present, as they will eat many trees and shrubs -- sometimes killing them. (ehow.com)
  • Using your search query i find different answers to the question, "what height should a fence be to keep deer out of my garden? (garden.org)
  • 1998. Deer on airports: an accident waiting to happen. (usda.gov)
  • Spring beauty always seemed to survive deer predation anyway, but now it is accompanied by a host of other wildflowers that I have yet to identify. (treehugger.com)
  • Deer are herbivores, and they consume an amazing variety of plant material, mostly at dawn and dusk. (massaudubon.org)
  • Whether you want to attract deer to your backyard or you already have them and want to keep them around, there are some foods you can offer to entice them. (reference.com)
  • While no plant is deer-proof, there are many that are deer-resistant or seldom damaged by deer. (ehow.com)
  • Are Hibiscus Plants Deer Resistant? (ehow.com)
  • But having deliberated on the ethics of fencing our entire yard in, we eventually decided that we had little choice if we wanted to grow anything but the most deer-resistant of plants. (treehugger.com)
  • I tend to find "deer resistant" is a relative term anyway. (treehugger.com)
  • Red Deer is also in the center of a resort area that includes Sylvan Lake and Gaetz Lake. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If you live in an area where deer are a constant threat to your landscape plants, consider protecting your newly planted flowering cherry tree until it is well established. (ehow.com)
  • In northern deer ranges, the duration of the breeding season (or rut) is short and there is little variation from area to area. (myfwc.com)
  • The area has nevertheless seen one of the biggest declines, from 3,013 deer harvested in 1989 to 1,297 in 2009, a 57 percent drop, according to state statistics. (sfgate.com)
  • The state estimated that 38,037 people hunted deer in the area in 2009. (sfgate.com)
  • Walking over brush instead of dirt will most likely scare away any deer in the area with decent hearing but you'd never know this from watching the meter. (ign.com)
  • Bedding area" are the locations frequented by deer during their daily inactive periods that provide protection and cover. (massaudubon.org)
  • While this incident is a fluke, deer overpopulation is causing issues for many residents in the Pewaukee area. (jsonline.com)
  • I guess if there are too many deer in an area things like this might happen," Scheuber said. (jsonline.com)
  • It is almost impossible to talk to anyone in our area who has not struck a deer with his car or had a close call. (baltimoresun.com)
  • After studying Google Earth satellite images of cattle herds, along with their own observations of roe deer , the researchers realized that the animals routinely stood along a north-south axis. (wired.com)
  • Field station researchers are trying to determine if nutritional status of deer and elk affects their preference for Douglas-fir seedlings. (usda.gov)
  • Deer also are less cautious and move around more during their breeding season. (prnewswire.com)
  • Armed with the knowledge of animal locations, gamers are able to practice their approach to unsuspecting deer and figure out how cautious they need to be while moving in for the kill. (ign.com)
  • deer are naturally cautious creatures, but can become conditioned to eat fruit/buds. (ibiblio.org)
  • In many cases, motorists panic, swerve to miss a deer, lose control of their vehicles and hit fixed objects. (in.us)
  • Motorists can reduce their risk of being involved in a crash with a deer by driving defensively and staying alert, especially when driving between dusk and dawn. (prnewswire.com)
  • To reduce the risk of being involved in a crash with a deer, motorists should slow down, use caution and be especially watchful during morning and evening hours. (prnewswire.com)
  • Motorists should also allow extra following distance between vehicles, particularly where deer crossing signs are posted. (prnewswire.com)
  • Since deer often travel in small herds, motorists should exercise caution when one deer crosses a roadway as it will likely be followed by others. (prnewswire.com)
  • In parks and other natural areas, deer consume wild plants. (actionbioscience.org)
  • In the field, a bigger issue is that two kinds of deer are evolving in Northern California: the soft, live-in-your-backyard pet-like domesticated deer and the people-shy, muscular, edgy wild deer that belong to migratory herds in the mountains. (sfgate.com)
  • In the Sierra Nevada, these pet-like animals have largely replaced the once-great wild migratory deer herds, the thousands of animals that once lived in high country in summer, then migrated down to the foothills for the winter. (sfgate.com)
  • The migratory herds of wild deer that remain intact are in the more remote north state and eastern slopes, and in some cases, the high country of the Sierra. (sfgate.com)
  • Last reported wild deer killed in Knox County. (in.gov)
  • Huemul deer (taruca and Chilean huemul) of South America's Andes fill the ecological niches of the ibex and wild goat, with the fawns behaving more like goat kids. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's mostly been eliminated from commercial cattle, but it's still present in wild bison, elk and deer, the CDC said. (cnn.com)
  • citation needed] The British Deer Society coordinated a survey of wild deer in the United Kingdom between 2005 and 2007 and noted the Chinese water deer as "notably increasing its range" since the last census in 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • The deer, wild and out in the open in the park, have grown accustomed to being fed by tourists, most of whom travel to Nara for this very reason. (cnn.com)
  • Soft baby deer frolic in the open park, and even larger bucks enjoy being pet. (cnn.com)
  • In winter, bucks, does, and fawns gather together in 'deer yards:' sheltered locations frequently under stands of coniferous trees. (massaudubon.org)
  • By the early 1920s, deer were extinct in some states-including Kansas and Indiana. (actionbioscience.org)
  • After peak rut, the number of estrus does declines until all deer have been bred. (in.gov)
  • There are two basic kinds of deer fencing: wire and electric fencing. (reference.com)
  • This parasite does not harm the deer- rather, the deer is the host for the worm, going through its full life cycle without the deer being harmed. (huntingnet.com)
  • In all likelihood there is very little overlap in what cattle and deer eat, which augurs well for joint management. (fao.org)
  • By the 1500s, thousands of deer roamed the city unchecked and revered. (cnn.com)
  • A deer repellent formulation and method for warding off a deer from a shrub or plant. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The invention generally relates to a deer repellent, and in particular the invention relates to a deer repellent composition which is transparent and can be applied to a wide range of surfaces and to a method for the use of such a composition. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The prior art deer repellent formulation is described in U.S. Pat. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • One problem of the prior art deer repellent formulation is that, although the ingredients are common materials, it requires approval of the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") which involves long and costly tests. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • One object of the present invention is to provide an improved deer repellent formulation for application to a shrub, plant or the like which can be acceptable under EPA regulations. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • According to the present invention, a non-toxic deer repellent formulation and method for its use are provided. (freepatentsonline.com)