Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Root Caries: Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Streptococcus sobrinus: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Dental Fissures: Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Transillumination: Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.Tooth DiseasesDental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Dentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Xylitol: A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Mouth DiseasesDental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.Glucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesTooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Dental Restoration Repair: The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.BrazilXerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Social Marginalization: Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)IndiaTelepathy: The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Binomial Distribution: The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Dental Pulp Exposure: The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.Mobile Health Units: Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.Immunoglobulin A, Secretory: The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Lactobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Periapical Abscess: Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Snacks: Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Periapical Periodontitis: Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.Glucans: Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Streptococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.Sodium Fluoride: A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.LacquerQuestionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Salivary Proteins and Peptides: Proteins and peptides found in SALIVA and the SALIVARY GLANDS. Some salivary proteins such as ALPHA-AMYLASES are enzymes, but their composition varies in different individuals.
Fissure sealants and resin restorations for deep grooves and fissures to prevent dental caries. Orthodontic treatment Reshape ... Tooth gemination is a dental phenomenon that appears to be two teeth developed from one. There is one main crown with a cleft ... PMC 2638247 . E. Grammatopoulos (11 Aug 2007). "Gemination or fusion?". British Dental Journal. 203: 119-120. doi:10.1038/bdj. ... "Tooth gemination in dentistry". DentaGama Dental Social Network. DentaGama. Retrieved 1 December 2017. Nandini DB, Deepak BS, ...
Dental cysts are usually caused due to root infection involving tooth decay. Untreated dental caries then allow bacteria to ... The bacteria gains access to the periapical region of the tooth through deeper infection of the pulp, traveling through the ... Secondary symptoms of periapical cysts include inflammation and infection of the pulp causing dental caries. This infection is ... it is caused by pulpal necrosis secondary to dental caries or trauma. The cyst has lining that is derived from the epithelial ...
... and dental caries progresses, the enamel develops several distinct zones, visible under a light microscope. From the deepest ... may show dental caries before it is otherwise visible, in particular caries between the teeth. Large areas of dental caries are ... Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA (2008) "Pathology of dental caries", pp 20-48 in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds) Dental caries: The ... Children at 6-12 months are at increased risk of developing dental caries. For other kids aged 12-18 months, dental caries ...
Index of anatomy articles
... second to dental caries) in Scotland. Twice daily brushing and flossing are a way to help prevent periodontal diseases. ... deep caries, hopeless teeth, preliminary scaling, temporary splinting, occlusal adjustment, minor orthodontic tooth movement ... An Oral Health Therapist is a member of the dental team who is dual qualified as a Dental Hygienist and Dental therapist. They ... The minimum qualification required for the M.D.S. degree is a Bachelor of Dental Surgery. A majority of dental schools in India ...
A lack of fluorine in the diet is the cause of a greatly increased incidence of dental caries. Fluoride salts can be added to ... Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 55: 50. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2007.10.001. Potassium- and sodium ... Selwitz, R. H.; Ismail, A. I.; Pitts, N. B. (2007). "Dental caries". The Lancet. 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07) ...
This includes patients with: A history of dental caries Deep retentive pits and fissures Early signs of dental caries Poor ... the American Dental Association, the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental ... Contraindications for the use of dental sealants are individual patients or teeth that are at a low risk of dental caries: This ... Indications for the use of dental sealants are individual patients or teeth that are at high risk of dental caries. ...
Interference with occlusion or bite Irritation of soft tissues and tongue Accidental cusp fracture Susceptible to dental caries ... There may be a deep groove between the talon cusp and the rest of the tooth. The extra cusp typically contains pulp tissue. ... This dental anomaly would not be considered fatal. Generally talon cusps on lower teeth require no treatment, but talon cusps ... Most people with talon cusp will live their normal lives unless the case is severe and causes a cascade of other dental issues ...
Tooth decay (dental caries) has become a pronounced health hazard associated with the consumption of sugars, especially sucrose ... The anaerobic conditions deep in the plaque encourage the formation of acids, which leads to carious lesions. Thus, sucrose ... A reduction to below 5% of total energy intake brings additional health benefits, especially in what regards dental caries. [63 ... Oral bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans live in dental plaque and metabolize any sugars (not just sucrose, but also glucose ...
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy
Regular dental examinations and restriction of sweets to prevent dental caries; early treatment of dental caries and ... Deep pain perception, the feeling of pain from injuries to bones, ligaments, or muscles, is especially affected in people with ... Affected individuals may also have weak deep tendon reflexes, such as the reflex being tested when a doctor taps the knee with ... Because of the inability to feel deep pain, affected individuals suffer repeated severe injuries such as bone fractures and ...
Zinc oxide eugenol
It is sometimes used in the management of dental caries as a "temporary filling". ZOE cements were introduced in the 1890s. ... It is often used in dentistry when the decay is very deep or very close to the nerve or pulp chamber. Because the tissue inside ... ZOE can be used as a dental filling material or dental cement in dentistry. ... Introduction to Dental Materials, 2d Edition, Elsevier Health Sciences, ISBN 0-7234-3215-5 Zinc Oxide Eugenol Impression Pastes ...
List of diseases (D)
The acid decalcifies the tooth surface to cause dental caries. However, toxins produced by bacteria cause most of the direct ... Erysipelas is an acute streptococcus bacterial infection of the deeper skin layers that spreads via with lymphatic system. ... Surgical and dental instruments are also sterilized to prevent infection by bacteria. Disinfectants such as bleach are used to ... For example, Streptococcus mutans, a component of dental plaque, metabolizes dietary sugar and produces acid as a waste product ...
a b c d e f g h i Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, Bath-Balogh and Fehrenbach, Elsevier, 2011, page 170. ... The exposure of the deeper dentin can lead to problems such as extrinsic staining and dentinal hypersensitivity. ... The incidence of cemental caries increases in older adults as gingival decline occurs from either trauma or periodontal illness ... However, the quantity of DNA available in dentin is affected by age and dental disease, whereas that in cementum is not. ...
When dental caries is removed from a tooth, all or most of the infected and softened enamel and dentin are removed. This can ... "Chapter 13 - Treatment of Deep Caries, Vital Pulp Exposure, and Pulpless Teeth". McDonald and Avery's Dentistry for the Child ... The ultimate goal of pulp capping or stepwise caries removal is to protect a healthy dental pulp and avoid the need for root ... Pulp capping is a technique used in dental restorations to prevent the dental pulp from necrosis, after being exposed, or ...
Indeed, most of the common oral pathologies have been reported as possible sources of barodontalgia: dental caries, defective ... The most common victims are underwater divers because in deep dives pressures can increase by several atmospheres, and military ... Dental barotrauma is a condition in which such changes in barometric pressure changes cause damage to the dentition. ... Zadik Y, Einy S, Pokroy R, Bar Dayan Y, Goldstein L (June 2006). "Dental fractures on acute exposure to high altitude" (PDF). ...
Dental caries, periapical inflammation and tooth loss in the deciduous teeth alter the correct permanent teeth eruptions. ... Long faces may lead to open bite malocclusion, while short faces can be coupled to a Deep bite malocclusion. However, there are ... Ill-fitting dental fillings, crowns, appliances, retainers, or braces as well as misalignment of jaw fractures after a severe ... dead link] Aznar T., Galán A. F., Marín I., Domínguez A., T; Galán, AF; Marín, I; Domínguez, A (2006). "Dental Arch Diameters ...
... leading to menorrhagia and irregular periods Dental problems (caries, malocclusion, dysplastic, small teeth) Visual impairment ... Triangular face Deep-set eyes Short philtrum Wide mouth with a thin vermilion border of the upper lip Long nose with a narrow ... assessment of hip dysplasia and clavicle abnormalities Neurologic assessment if there is a suspicion of seizures Dental hygiene ...
Epidemiology of periodontal diseases
In this study, dental caries was the dominant reason for tooth loss. Albandar, Brunelle & Kingman 1999. Hugoson et al. 1998. ... Bourgeois 2007 found that the prevalence of deep pockets (> 5mm) is low (10.21%) in a cross-sectional study. ... Albandar, JM; Brown, LJ; Löe, H (1996). "Dental caries and tooth loss in adolescents with early-onset periodontitis". Journal ... International dental journal. 49 (3): 182-6. doi:10.1002/j.1875-595x.1999.tb00904.x. PMID 10858752. Bourgeois, D; Bouchard, P; ...
Metal ammine complex
... used to treat and prevent dental caries (cavities) and relieve dentinal hypersensitivity. Ligand field theory A. von Zelewsky " ... The hexaammines of nickel and copper are violet and deep blue ammine, respectively. The latter is characteristic of the ... ISBN 0-935702-73-3. Rosenblatt, A.; Stamford, T. C. M.; Niederman, R. (2009). "Silver diamine fluoride: a caries "silver- ... fluoride bullet"". Journal of Dental Research. 88: 116-125. doi:10.1177/0022034508329406. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter ( ...
Irreversible pulpitis is thought to be the most common reason that people seek emergency dental treatment. Since dental caries ... In rare cases, toothache can be a symptom representing a life-threatening condition, such as a deep neck infection (compression ... toothache is more common in populations that are at higher risk of dental caries. The prevalence of caries in a population is ... and probed with a dental explorer for dental caries and a periodontal probe for periodontitis, then wiggled for mobility. ...
... "studies of dental caries among school children as related to their feeding in infancy". In 1936, he opened a dental practice in ... Stumpfegger who mixed a sweetened narcotic drink to put the Goebbels children into a deep sleep before Magda Goebbels placed ... The German courts refused to convict Kunz, and he remained in dental practice, highly regarded until his death. He died in ...
Dental caries in infants and children and the intensification of agriculture in mainland Southeast Asia". American Journal of ... Jared Diamond (1997). James C. Scott,Against the Grain: a Deep History of the Earliest States, NJ:Yale UP, (2017), "The world's ... Diamond points out that agriculture brought about deep social divisions and encouraged inequality between the sexes. Andrew ... According to bioarchaeological research, the effects of agriculture on physical and dental health in Southeast Asian rice ...
Antibiotic use in dentistry
They are often the result of an inflamed or necrotic dental pulp or an infection of pulpless root canals. This pulp death is ... Amoxicillin was once used for prophylaxis of infective endocarditis in patients who have undergone oral surgery or deep scaling ... often due to the invasion of bacteria from advanced caries. The first line of treatment is the removal of the source of ... Some dental treatments may cause bacteraemia, such as tooth extractions, subgingival scaling or even simple aggressive tooth ...
Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation
These conditions include: Dental caries, which is the most common cause of destruction of dental hard tissues. This is more ... Furthermore, composite veneers may achieve a better aesthetic result where deep lesions are seen in incisors. GIC materials ... Teeth affected with MIH are at an increased risk of acquiring dental caries. This is because the properties of the enamel are ... White spot lesions are also uncommon on incisors, hence ruling out dental caries. Fluorosis, which can result from an intake of ...
Human digestive system
Baelum, edited by Ole Fejerskov and Edwina Kidd; with Bente Nyvad and Vibeke (2008). Dental caries : the disease and its ... November 2006). "Salivary histatins in human deep posterior lingual glands (of von Ebner)". Arch Biol. 51 (11): 967-73. doi: ... Edgar, WM (25 April 1992). "Saliva: its secretion, composition and functions". British Dental Journal. 172 (8): 305-12. doi: ... and also play an important role in the maintenance of dental health and general mouth lubrication, without which speech would ...
History of dental restorations, use of dental appliances, or oral exposure to substances that may cause oral lichenoid ... Histologic findings of a deep mixed infiltrate with lymphocytes, plasma cells, and neutrophils (with or without eosinophils) ... "IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 12: 61-69. doi:10.9790/0853-1216169.. ... dental composites, cobalt chromium based dentures etc). A full examination that includes the evaluation of the mucosal and ...
Uyah - Wikipédia
A lack of fluorine in the diet is the cause of a gréatly incréased incidence of dental caries. Fluoride salts can be added ... Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 55: 50. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2007.10.001. ... Selwitz, R. H.; Ismail, A. I.; Pitts, N. B. (2007). "Dental caries". The Lancet 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07) ...
"Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental decay caries in the United States". MMWR Recomm Rep. 50 (RR-14 ... Deep ground water is generally of very high bacteriological quality (i.e., pathogenic bacteria or the pathogenic protozoa are ... Most deep groundwater does not need screening before other purification steps.. *Storage - Water from rivers may also be stored ... Groundwater: The water emerging from some deep ground water may have fallen as rain many tens, hundreds, or thousands of years ...
In the connective tissue deep to the ulcer there is increased vascularity and a mixed inflammatory infiltrate composed of ... Trauma could occur during injections of local anesthetic in the mouth, or otherwise during dental treatments, frictional trauma ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ... There are also lymphocytes and histiocytes in the connective tissue surrounding deeper blood vessels near to the ulcer, ...
ten Cate, J. M. (Feb 2013). "Contemporary perspective on the use of fluoride products in caries prevention". British Dental ... However, many of these form deep acceptors and do not produce significant p-type conduction at room temperature. ... van Noort, Richard (2002). Introduction to Dental Materials (2d ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0-7234-3215-9. .. ...
Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination, periodontal scaling and root planing, toothbrushing. ... Animal research has demonstrated that potassium ions placed in deep dentin cavities cause nerve depolarization and prevent re- ... "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". Clinical Oral Investigations ... Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument.. *Chemical - acids, e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental ...
Oral ulceration is a common reason for people to seek medical or dental advice.:52 A breach of the oral mucosa probably ... An ulcer is a tissue defect which has penetrated the epithelial-connective tissue border, with its base at a deep level in the ... Gottfried Schmalz; Dorthe Arenholt Bindslev (2008). Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. Springer. Retrieved March 5, 2014.. ... Excoriation is a term sometimes used to describe a breach of the epithelium which is deeper than an erosion but shallower than ...
The most common types of dental disease are tooth decay (cavities, dental caries) and gum diseases, including gingivitis, and ... An elastomer strip has been shown to force sealant deeper inside opposing chewing surfaces and can also force fluoride ... a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Darby, M., & Walsh, Margaret M. (2010). Procedures Manual to Accompany Dental Hygiene: Theory and ... "Dental Plaque". June 2012.. *^ "American Dental Hygienists' Association Position Paper on the Oral Prophylaxis" (PDF). American ...
Dental caries, periapical inflammation and tooth loss in the deciduous teeth alter the correct permanent teeth eruptions. ... "Deep bite" redirects here. For the village, see Deep Bight, Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Long faces may lead to open bite malocclusion, while short faces can be coupled to a Deep bite malocclusion. However, there are ... An epidemiological study related to different stages of dental development". Eur J Orthod. 23 (2): 153-167. doi:10.1093/ejo/ ...
"Interdental brushing for the prevention and control of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". Cochrane Database of ... trimmed so the bristles in the center can reach deeper into small spaces. The brush handle is ergonomically designed for a firm ... Stay, Flora Parsa (2005). The fibromyalgia dental handbook: A practical guide to maintaining peak dental health. New York: ... Wilkins, E. M. (1983). Clinical practice of the dental hygienist. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger. p. 308.. ...
Lesions tend to occur in the brainstem, the basal ganglia and deep hemispheric white matter and may resemble those of MS. ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ... Cutaneous sinus of dental origin. *Cystic hygroma. *Gnathophyma. *Ludwig's angina. *Macrostomia. *Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome ...
In more severe cases, particularly deep-seated systemic infections, antibiotics can be given intravenously or by injection.[ ... They have an important role in dental antibiotic prophylaxis where their use may prevent bacteremia and consequent infective ... Caries Research. 41 (5): 342-9. doi:10.1159/000104791. PMID 17713333.. ... Hassan T (March 1987). "Pharmacologic considerations for patients taking oral contraceptives". Connecticut Dental Student ...
Main article: Dental caries. Dental caries (cavities), described as "tooth decay", is an infectious disease which damages the ... Dens invaginatus, also called Dens in dente, is a deep invagination in a tooth causing the appearance of a tooth within a tooth ... Moore WJ; Moore, W.J. (1983). "The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries. 1. Sugar and the antiquity of dental caries ... "Dental caries", from the Disease Control Priorities Project. *^ Touger-Decker R, van Loveren C (2003). "Sugars and dental ...
... which can be helpful in diagnosis of dental caries around dental restoration. The filler particles give the composites wear ... When a deep cavity had been filled, there is a possibility that the nerve may have been irritated. This either results in ... Restoration using dental implantsEdit. Main article: Dental implant. Dental implants are anchors placed in bone, usually made ... A dental restoration or dental filling is a treatment to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth ...
... in the prevention and treatment of early dental caries? A systematic review". BMC Oral Health. 15: 113. doi:10.1186/s12903-015- ... Old earwax is constantly being transported from the deeper areas of the ear canal out to the opening where it usually dries, ... Other uses of the term appear in phrases including body hygiene, personal hygiene, sleep hygiene, mental hygiene, dental ... "Brushing & Flossing: Technique & Choosing Dental Products". www.colgate.com.. *^ Corporation, Australian Broadcasting. "Can you ...
... dietary noncariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners and dental caries". Federal Register. 71 (60): 15559-64. PMID 16572525.. ... The BfR recommended that manufactures and the general public avoid baking, roasting, or deep frying any sucralose-containing ... Sucralose is used in many food and beverage products because it is a no-calorie sweetener, does not promote dental cavities,[10 ...
... has been also associated with oral conditions including dental caries, dental implant failures, premalignant lesions, ... the vaporization creates heated aerosol and gas into a form that allows inhalation and deep penetration into the lungs where ... Harris, C.; Warnakulasuriya, K.A.A.S.; Gelbier, S.; Johnson, N.W.; Peters, T.J. (December 1997). "Oral and Dental Health in ... Dental radiograph showing bone loss in a 32 year old heavy smoker patient. ...
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
TMJ Disorders, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research *^ a b c d e f g h i j k Mujakperuo HR, Watson M, ... Elevation - Anterior and middle fibers of temporalis, the superficial and deep fibers of masseter and the medial pterygoid. ... "American Association for Dental Research. Retrieved 6 June 2013.. *^ a b c d e f g Luther F, Layton S, McDonald F (July 2010). ... Zadik Y, Drucker S (September 2011). "Diving dentistry: a review of the dental implications of scuba diving". Australian Dental ...
"Dhaka Dental College". Dhaka Dental College. Retrieved October 28, 2017.. *^ "List of recognized medical and dental colleges". ... Active caries - Poor motivation: treatment will last at least several months, patient needs to be committed to maintaining the ... Deep impinging overbite. *Cross bite of individual anterior teeth. *Severe traumatic deviations ... Dhaka Dental College in Bangladesh is one of the many schools recognized by the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BM&DC) ...
Hawaiian Poi Dog
Water supply and sanitation in Saudi Arabia
DENTAL CARIES : Treatment options for permanent teeth with deep caries
DENTAL CARIES : 10 signs of dental cavities you didnt know about Introduction : Minimally invasive or lesion-oriented caries ... SWISS DENTAL JOURNAL SSO °Monika Marending / Thomas Attin / Matthias Zehnder TAGS: #Article PDF#Dental Caries#Directorio ... This has renewed interest in minimally invasive concepts also in teeth with deep caries, i.e. those with a lesion that reaches ... Thanks to adhesive materials, a minimal destruction of healthy dental tissue following caries management is possible. ...
Diamond Wedge Deep Caries - Optident - Specialist Dental Products And Courses
Incomplete caries removal in deep lesions: a 10-year prospective study
Dental Caries / diagnostic imaging * Dental Caries / pathology * Dental Caries / therapy* * Dental Cavity Preparation / methods ... Purpose: To follow-up teeth with deep caries lesions submitted to incomplete caries removal over a 10-year period. ... Incomplete caries removal in deep lesions: a 10-year prospective study Am J Dent. 2011 Aug;24(4):211-4. ... Methods: 27 subjects (32 permanent posterior teeth) with deep caries lesions composed the sample. In this single-arm long-term ...
Alternative Treatment of Deep Carious Lesions Based on Biological Evidences - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Caries, Dental Other: Incomplete caries removal in primary teeth Detailed Description:. The treatment provided today for deep ... Comparison between the success rate and cost-effectiveness of complete caries removal in treatment of deep carious lesions that ... Incomplete caries removal Test group. Other: Incomplete caries removal in primary teeth ... Alternative Treatment of Deep Carious Lesions Based on Biological Evidences. The safety and scientific validity of this study ...
Treatment of dental caries of all types (superficial, middle, deep) - Causes of tooth decay
Treatment of caries without drilling ✓ Prevention of secondary caries ... Diagnosis of caries in the early stages ✓ Work under the microscope ✓ ... Application of a dental treatment liner, made of special materials to prevent the re-occurrence of caries under the filling or ... How dangerous is caries?. The caries itself is not as dangerous as its complications 🙂 ...
operative-caries-management-lesion-removal | College of Dentistry and Dental Clinics
Caries Management: Deep caries removal. (last modified August 10, 2017). Deep (Advanced/Extensive) caries lesion management ... Stepwise excavation is a method of managing deep/extensive/advanced dentinal caries lesions to reduce the risk of pulpal ... Stage 1 has the same caries removal aims as selective removal to soft dentin. *Periphery of the cavity should be hard with a ... Selective removal to soft dentine is recommended in deep cavitated lesions (i.e., extending into the pulpal third or quarter of ...
Dentists' practice patterns of treatment for deep occlusal caries: Findings from a dental practice-based research network
Dentists practice patterns of treatment for deep occlusal caries: Findings from a dental practice-based research network ... Response options were "1. Stop before removing all caries and perform an IPC", "2. Remove all caries and proceed with a direct ... followed by IPC and direct pulp capping for treatment of patients with deep occlusal caries with possible mild pulpitis on ... Endodontic-related procedures remain the most frequent treatment option for deep occlusal caries. Frequent use of evidence- ...
eaUMSA електронний архів - репозитарій УМСА: Morphological Changes of Dental Pulp in Experimental Deep Caries with Perforation...
Morphological_Changes_of_Dental_Pulp_in_Experimental_Deep_Caries.pdf. 699,69 kB. Adobe PDF. Переглянути/Відкрити. ... Morphological Changes of Dental Pulp in Experimental Deep Caries with Perforation of the Pulp Chamber in Rats. ... The purpose of the research was to study morphological changes of dental pulp in experimental deep caries with perforation of ... Grinishin O. Morphological Changes of Dental Pulp in Experimental Deep Caries with Perforation of the Pulp Chamber in Rats / O ...
Effectiveness of the ozone application in two-visit indirect pulp therapy of permanent molars with deep carious lesion: a...
Kidd EA (1991) Role of chlorhexidine in the management of dental caries. Int Dent J 41:279-286Google Scholar ... and radiographic study of deep caries lesions after incomplete caries removal. Quintessence Int 33:151-159Google Scholar ... Long-term survival and vitality outcomes of permanent teeth following deep caries treatment with step-wise and partial-caries- ... Chlorhexidine digluconate Deep caries Ozone Stepwise excavation Electronic supplementary material. The online version of this ...
Dazidox Advanced Patient Information - Drugs.com
dental caries or tooth decay. *depression. *difficulty with speaking. *dry skin. *dryness or soreness of the throat ... deep or fast breathing with dizziness. *delusions of persecution, mistrust, suspiciousness, or combativeness ... including some dental anesthetics. This effect may last for a few days after you stop using this medicine. Check with your ...
Dental Center Ukrselt in Kiev, Ukraine
Enquire for a fast quote from Dental Center Ukrselt. Dental Center Ukrselt contact details, opening times, pictures. Dentist - ... Treatment of acute deep caries from 400₴ Treatment of caries serednho from 350₴ ... Dental ImplantsTeeth WhiteningPorcelain VeneersInvisalign™Dental CrownsTeeth CleaningZoom! Teeth WhiteningVeneersBracesRoot ... Root CanalAll-on-4 Dental ImplantsNew Patient Dental ExaminationGingivitis TreatmentPeriodontitis TreatmentDigital Dental X-Ray ...
Checking Occlusion During Stainless Steel Crown Placement - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Deep Dental Caries involving the pulp in all eight primary molars. Exclusion Criteria:. *ASA class II or above ... Dental Caries. Tooth Demineralization. Tooth Diseases. Stomatognathic Diseases. Anesthetics. Salicylic Acid. Central Nervous ... Clinical Diagnosis of Severe Early Childhood Caries. *Have behavioral problems that require management under general anesthesia ... Sirona Dental Inc. Long Island NY. USA) and were evaluated by the same examiner for radiographic evidence of failure. In order ...
Optimization of thickness, pore size and mechanical properties of a biomaterial designed for deep burn coverage.
Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care) - What You Need to Know
Care guide for Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and ... You may not have any symptoms if your dental caries have just started to form. When dental caries reach deeper parts of your ... Treatment for dental caries. may include any of the following:. *Fluoride treatments may be given during dental visits, or you ... Learn more about Dental Caries (Ambulatory Care). Micromedex® Care Notes. *Dental Abscess ...
Boosting Proximal Dental Caries Detection via Combination of Variational Methods and Convolutional Neural Network | Springer...
Unfortunately, the diagnosis of proximal dental caries is often stifled due to the poor quality of dental X-ray images. ... Proximal dental caries are diagnosed using dental X-ray images. ... Lecun, Y., Bengio, Y., & Hinton, G. (2015). Deep learning. ... Proximal dental caries are diagnosed using dental X-ray images. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of proximal dental caries is often ... Dental X-ray images Proximal dental caries Convolutional neural networks Dental image segmentation Variational methods ...
Odd Toothache - Dental Health - MedHelp
Use of calcium hydroxide in deep cavities of primary teeth
... dental caries and dental cavity lining and primary tooth, dental cavity lining and primary tooth and calcium hydroxide, dental ... Use of calcium hydroxide in deep cavities of primary teeth Fernandes, Jocianelle Maria Felix de Alencar / Massoni, Andreza ... caries and dental cavity lining and primary tooth and calcium hydroxide. The abstracts were selected according to the following ... Objective: To perform a literature review on the clinical and/or laboratory performance of the use of calcium hydroxide in deep ...
Tooth gemination - Wikipedia
Fissure sealants and resin restorations for deep grooves and fissures to prevent dental caries. Orthodontic treatment Reshape ... Tooth gemination is a dental phenomenon that appears to be two teeth developed from one. There is one main crown with a cleft ... PMC 2638247 . E. Grammatopoulos (11 Aug 2007). "Gemination or fusion?". British Dental Journal. 203: 119-120. doi:10.1038/bdj. ... "Tooth gemination in dentistry". DentaGama Dental Social Network. DentaGama. Retrieved 1 December 2017. Nandini DB, Deepak BS, ...
INNOV 2016 Program
Oral Mucosal Ulceration Caused by the Topical Application of a Concentrated Propolis Extract
... dental implants, oral pathology, as well as oral and maxillofacial surgery. ... Figure 2: Dental radiograph showing the wide and deep caries lesion on tooth 17, with unfinished endodontic treatment. No ... Tooth 17 was in the middle of endodontic treatment for wide and deep caries lesion, and the radiograph showed no periapical ... report a case of a woman who developed oral mucosal ulcers after the topical use of concentrated propolis on a painful dental ...
Sjogren Syndrome Guidelines: Guidelines Summary
Mouth dryness may produce a deep red tongue, as shown here, and dental caries are common. ... Chlorhexidine administered by varnish, gel, or rinse may be considered in SD patients with a high root caries rate (weak) ... Nonfluoride remineralizing agents may be considered as an adjunct therapy in SD patients with a high root caries rate (moderate ...
Goldenhar's Syndrome Case Study - 1214 Words | Internet Public Library
Sjogren Syndrome: Practice Essentials, Etiology, Epidemiology
ParallelDots Starts U.S. Clinical Deployment of "Dentistry.AI" Artificial Intelligence Software for Detecting Dental Caries
"Our system is a deep fully convolutional neural network (FCNN) of 100+ layers, trained to mark caries on bitewings radiographs ... Dentistry.AI helps dentists by instantly highlighting areas on dental x-rays that have a high probability of caries so that ... Dentistry.AI helps dentists by instantly highlighting areas on dental x-rays that have a high probability of caries so that ... We have compared the performance of our technology with three practicing dentists for detecting dental caries on bitewings ...
Restorative Treatment Thresholds for Interproximal Primary Caries Based on Radiographic Images: Findings from The Dental PBRN
Remineralization of deep enamel dentine caries lesions. Aust Dent j. 2008;53:281-285. [PubMed] ... Studies have attested changes in the disease pattern of dental caries (23, 24). In the absence of cavitation, caries that have ... Effectiveness of methods used by dental professionals for the primary prevention of dental caries. J Dent Educ. 2001;65:1063- ... for the Dental PBRN Collaborative Group Restorative Treatment Thresholds for Primary Caries by Dental Practice-Based Research ...
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Artificial Intelligence (AI)-Driven Molar Angulation Measurements to Predict Third Molar Eruption on...
Complementing the dental practitioner with accurate AI-tools will facilitate and optimize dental care and synergistically lead ... Lee, J.H.; Kim, D.H.; Jeong, S.N.; Choi, S.H. Detection and diagnosis of dental caries using a deep learning-based ... Effect of Polyols and Selected Dental Materials on the Ability to Create a Cariogenic Biofilm-On Children Caries-Associated ... Complementing the dental practitioner with accurate AI-tools will facilitate and optimize dental care and synergistically lead ...
Deep Margin Elevation: A Paradigm Shift
Glass ionomer cements were introduced in dental profession for restoration of minimal occlusal caries about 15 years ago. Prior ... The deep margin elevation technique may be a useful noninvasive alternative to surgical crown lengthening. This technique may ... CONSERVATIVE APPROACH TO CARIES EXCAVATION - A CHEMO - MECHANICAL METHOD. Madan, Natasha; Gandhi, Amit // Indian Journal of ... Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);Oct2006, Vol. 137 Issue 10, p1414 The article discusses the results of a ...
What's a Cavity?
Early childhComplete caries removalDentistryAbscessPulpitisDentinFluorideEnamel cariesPits and fissuresHigher risk of develoDiagnosisFissuresManagement of dental cariesStudy of dental cariesTeeth with deep cariesEtiology of dental cariesPrevention of dental cariesDevelopment of dental cariesPreventiveHigh caries riskPeriodontal diseasesPrimary molarsSealantsDentistSmooth surfacPulpalExcavationGeneral anesthesiaTooth cariesPrevent cariesPrevents cariesIncipient cariesComprehensive cariesInterproximal cariesBacterial2017DeciduousSevereClinicalCementumDetectionCariousFindingsPosteriorProgressionSealantSusceptiblePulp chamber
- Early childhood caries is associated with genetic variants in enamel formation and immune response genes. (semanticscholar.org)
- Statement on Early Childhood Caries. (netce.com)
- Available at http://www.ada.org/en/about-the-ada/ada-positions-policies-and-statements/statement-on-early-childhood-caries . (netce.com)
Complete caries removal2
- Comparison between the success rate and cost-effectiveness of complete caries removal in treatment of deep carious lesions that might include wide preparations and involve pulpotomy versus incomplete removal of caries and avoiding pulp treatment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Orhan AI, Oz FT, Orhan K (2010) Pulp exposure occurrence and outcomes after 1- or 2-visit indirect pulp therapy vs complete caries removal in primary and permanent molars. (springer.com)
- Dentistry.AI integrates seamlessly with all popular x-ray sensors and imaging software used in dental clinics. (prweb.com)
- Dentistry.AI targets the unsolved problem of comprehensive caries detection. (prweb.com)
- Test results demonstrate that Dentistry.AI performs significantly better than human vision of trained dentists in identifying caries on dental x-rays. (prweb.com)
- Dentistry.AI helps dentists by instantly highlighting areas on dental x-rays that have a high probability of caries so that dentists can focus on examining these areas more closely. (prweb.com)
- The digital revolution in dentistry has largely automated the conventional dental workflow and drastically reshaped the field. (mdpi.com)
- At New Image Dentistry, we provide dental cleanings and examinations to patients throughout Franklin. (smilesnashville.com)
- Our long history of developing state of the art impression materials that cater to the expectations of experts in the field of dentistry puts Kerr Dental above the rest. (kerrdental.com)
- Dr. Geneser, an Iowa native, attended the University of Iowa for his undergraduate education as well as his dental school training, graduating from the College of Dentistry in 2006. (uiowa.edu)
- This preventive dentistry service can significantly reduce the potential for dental caries in young people. (drmaryamadibfar.com)
- Participants, including boys and girls ranging from 7-15 years of age (mean age 9.4 years), were selected from a patient population at high risk for dental caries at the University of Gazi Department of Paediatric Dentistry. (biomedsearch.com)
- Before the introduction of computer-assisted machine tools for dentistry, the production of a dental restoration/prosthesis involved a number of complex, expensive, and/or time-consuming steps. (google.com)
- McDonald and Avery's Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent, 10th Edition discusses pediatric examination, development, morphology, eruption of the teeth, and dental caries in depth - and emphasizes prevention and the treatment of the medically compromised patient. (elsevier.com)
- The principles of minimally invasive dentistry clearly dictate the need for clinically effective measures to remineralize early enamel caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
- The dental hygiene profession is an integral part of any dental office or dentistry business. (matchcollege.com)
- There may be deep dental caries or abscess in relation to tooth. (identalhub.com)
- It usually goes unnoticed until it is found by a dentist or dental hygienist or until it causes an abscess which will cause pain and swelling. (healthtap.com)
- Throbbing type of pain can be there because of deep caries or abscess in the tooth. (identalhub.com)
- If there is deep caries or abscess present in the tooth, then root canal treatment will be required to save the tooth and if there is gum infection present, then dental cleaning and root planning will be required. (identalhub.com)
- Dental infections of the posterior mandibular molars may breach into the masticator space, resulting in abscess formation that may clinically present as trismus. (appliedradiology.com)
- 5 The ipsilateral mandibular teeth should be assessed for underlying dental abscess. (appliedradiology.com)
- Presence of a periapical lucency with potential lingual cortical breakthrough involving a second or third mandibular molar suggests the inciting dental abscess. (appliedradiology.com)
- Treatment for odontogenic sinusitis centers around clearing the dental abscess with antibiotics and root canal or dental extraction. (appliedradiology.com)
- Untreated severe caries can lead to pulpitis and sepsis, extending to the supporting tissues and sometimes cause serious complications such as cellulitis and brain abscesses [ 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Inflammation of the dental pulp (pulpitis) generally presents with severe pain as toothache, which is commonly treated by either extracting the tooth or root canal treatment (RCT). (frontiersin.org)
- In this context, the old question arises as to whether caries must be excavated completely, i.e., down to hard dentin, or whether it could be advantageous to leave some soft dentin, or even merely seal the whole lesion. (directorioodontologico.info)
- In a high caries risk patient, 66% of dentists indicated that they would restore a proximal enamel lesion, and 24% would once the lesion had reached into the outer one-third of the dentin. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- This article proposes a technique involving placement of a modified Tofflemire matrix followed by immediate dentin sealing and coronal elevation of the deep margin to a supragingival position using a direct bonded composite resin base. (ebscohost.com)
- Dental hypersensitivity is termed as the sharp pain experienced from the exposed dentin in response to any external stimuli. (onlymyhealth.com)
- is successfully used in direct dental pulp capping as it stimulates pulp repair and isolates the tissue from aggressive agents through dentin bridge formation. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Caries of dentin, 3. (issuu.com)
- Tooth enamel is the hardest and most highly mineralized substance of the body, and with dentin , cementum, and dental pulp is one of the four major tissues which make up the tooth . (bionity.com)
- It is the normally visible dental tissue of a tooth and must be supported by underlying dentin. (bionity.com)
- The present study aims to evaluate, through a controlled clinical randomized study,the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride in arresting dentin caries lesions in primary molars when co. (bioportfolio.com)
- Fluoride treatments may be given during dental visits, or you may use products with fluoride at home. (drugs.com)
- During your dental exam, let us know about the discomfort you are feeling so that we can discuss ways to reduce it by using methods such as a fluoride treatment or sealant. (smilesnashville.com)
- A prospective, randomized clinical study on the effects of an amine fluoride/ stannous fluoride toothpaste / mouth rinse on plaque, gingivitis and initial caries lesion development in orthodontic patients. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Fluoride dental treatments explained by Altona Bay Dental Clinic dentists in Altona: Fluoride dental treatment is central in any professional dentist recommendation to help maintain or improve patient's health. (altonadentist.com.au)
- Topical dental fluoride works by penetrating into the outer surface of the tooth called enamel making it harder. (altonadentist.com.au)
- GC Tooth Mousse can be used in children under 6 and in patients where additional dental fluoride exposure is desired. (altonadentist.com.au)
- The purpose of this study was to compare the retention and the caries-preventive effect of a GIC used as a fissure sealant (Fuji VII, GC Corporation, Japan) and a light-cured, fluoride-releasing resin sealant (Fissurit F, Voco, Germany). (biomedsearch.com)
- Caries-arresting effects of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride on dentine caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
- sodium fluoride on dentine caries lesions. (bioportfolio.com)
- To describe the histological characteristics of a human primary tooth with deep caries next to the dental pulp 6 months after being treated with silver diamine fluoride (SDF). (bioportfolio.com)
- The goal of nonrestorative or non- and microinvasive caries treatment (fluoride- and nonfluoride-based interventions) is to manage the caries disease process at a lesion level and minimize the loss of. (bioportfolio.com)
- This study investigates whether 1) Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application using Super Floss can arrest and/or reverse initial interproximal caries on primary molars and 2) whether SDF a. (bioportfolio.com)
- A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries. (bioportfolio.com)
- External Fluoride: Implementing Fluoride in the form of Stannous Fluoride on the tooth surface which prevents caries. (secondskin.ca)
- Prevention and reversal of dental caries: role of low level fluoride. (netce.com)
- 28. Tatevossian A. Fluoride in dental plaque and its effects. (netce.com)
- Many interventions can help prevent dental caries, such as topical fluoride application, community water fluoridation, reducing the accumulation of oral biofilm, and dietary counseling. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- In multivariate analyses, when accounting for dentist and practice characteristics, dentists in large group practices were less likely to intervene surgically for enamel caries regardless of patient's caries risk. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Caries of the Enamel: Caries of the enamel is believed by most investigations to be preceded by the formation of a microbial (dental) plaque. (issuu.com)
- For this reason it is best to discuss enamel caries under o Smooth surface caries. (issuu.com)
Pits and fissures8
- Deep pits and fissures in high caries risk children should be sealed. (healthtap.com)
- Children with at least one pair of caries-free permanent first molars with deep pits and fissures were included in the study. (biomedsearch.com)
- There are basically two dental materials that are used to seal pits and fissures: resin-based/composites and glass ionomer sealants. (biomedsearch.com)
- Generally, there are two types of caries when separated by location: caries found on smooth surfaces and caries found in pits and fissures. (thefullwiki.org)
- The pits and fissures of teeth provide a location for caries formation. (thefullwiki.org)
- For all types of pits and fissures, the deep infolding of enamel makes oral hygiene along these surfaces difficult, allowing dental caries to develop more commonly in these areas. (thefullwiki.org)
- Pits and fissures have a greater level of biofilm retention, thus, a higher risk of caries development. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- This barrier inhibits cariogenic microorganisms and food debris from accumulating in deep pits and fissures, thus, decreasing the likelihood of carious lesion formation. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
Higher risk of develo1
- Unfortunately, the diagnosis of proximal dental caries is often stifled due to the poor quality of dental X-ray images. (springer.com)
- The interproximal tooth surface is considered an important and challenging site regarding diagnosis and treatment of dental caries ( 1 , 2 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Visual examination of interproximal surfaces is difficult and radiography can assist in caries diagnosis of these surfaces ( 13 - 17 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- A periodontist is a dentist that specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease and in the placement of dental implants. (wikipedia.org)
- Dental imaging comes with many advantages such as good quality image and early diagnosis of periodontal diseases. (medgadget.com)
Management of dental caries1
Study of dental caries2
- The recent application of transmission and scanning electron microscopy to the study of dental caries has added greatly to our understanding of this disease, as has utilization of other techniques, including histochemical studies and the use of radioactive isotopes. (issuu.com)
- Cariology is the study of dental caries. (thefullwiki.org)
Teeth with deep caries4
- This has renewed interest in minimally invasive concepts also in teeth with deep caries, i.e. those with a lesion that reaches close to the pulp space on the radiograph. (directorioodontologico.info)
- To follow-up teeth with deep caries lesions submitted to incomplete caries removal over a 10-year period. (nih.gov)
- 27 subjects (32 permanent posterior teeth) with deep caries lesions composed the sample. (nih.gov)
- One hundred five lower first molar teeth with deep caries lesion were included and randomly assigned three groups to apply the two-visit indirect pulp therapy. (springer.com)
Etiology of dental caries2
Prevention of dental caries3
Development of dental caries2
- However, in the literature, there are conflicting results in the relationship between orthodontic treatment and development of dental caries. (intechopen.com)
- More recently, advanced molecular methods of bacterial identification, such as PCR techniques and 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis, have become available and have revealed that the bacterial involvement in the development of dental caries is more complex than previously believed ( 2 ). (asm.org)
- The maldistribution of dentists in Lebanon, which is biased towards urban areas, preference for working in private clinics rather than the public health sector, provision of curative care which is ambulatory in nature, lack of preventive measures and the civil war have all contributed to the increase in the two common dental diseases. (who.int)
- Conclusion: FS is an effective caries preventive measure under real-life conditions. (carifree.com)
- Application of the DMFT index in epidemiologic surveys throughout the United States in the 1930s and 1940s allowed quantitative distinctions in dental caries experience among communities--an innovation that proved critical in identifying a preventive agent and evaluating its effects. (cdc.gov)
- Instead, dental health organizations advocate preventive and prophylactic measures, such as regular oral hygiene and dietary modifications, to avoid dental caries. (thefullwiki.org)
- In addition, it must always be provided with a full and effective caries preventive programme. (intelligentdental.com)
High caries risk3
- Most dentists would restore lesions that were still within the enamel surface for high caries risk individuals. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- For a case scenario involving a high caries risk individual, practice busyness, type of practice model, and gender were significant when deciding for surgical intervention. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- The tremendous rise in the economy of China over the last decade has increased the number of children with high caries risk. (healthtap.com)
- A pilot pathfinder survey for oral health was conducted in order to identify the level of caries and periodontal diseases in Lebanon and to produce baseline data, to be followed by a national oral health survey. (who.int)
- The Americas region accounted for the largest share of the global market, which had a lion share of 39.2% in 2016, as a result of increasing prevalence of periodontal diseases, growing emphasis on dental care, and rising demand for dental imaging technology. (medgadget.com)
- According to the studies that have recorded the prevalence of oral diseases, periodontal diseases do not have records about its prevalence as much as dental caries. (journaltocs.ac.uk)
- Magnusson BO, Sundell SO (1977) Stepwise excavation of deep carious lesions in primary molars. (springer.com)
- The Hall technique is a novel method of managing carious primary molars by cementing preformed metal crowns, also known as stainless steel crowns, over them without local anaesthesia, caries removal or tooth preparation of any kind. (intelligentdental.com)
- Influence of Fissure Sealants on Dental Health of Elementary School Children in Weimar - A Longitudinal Observational Study under Real-life Conditions]. (carifree.com)
- A clinical focus includes topics such as such as radiographic techniques, dental materials, pit and fissure sealants, and management of cleft lip and palate. (elsevier.com)
- Sealants are part of both primary and secondary caries-prevention measures. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- To provide the greatest level of protection, sealants should be applied as early as possible and be evaluated for retention at each dental hygiene visit, as retention rates decrease over time. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- See your dentist regularly every 6 months for dental cleanings and oral exams. (drugs.com)
- This course is designed to be of interest to the practicing dentist as well as the entire dental team. (uiowa.edu)
- The dentist/population ratio is 1:1006 but this favourable ratio has not helped in providing suitable oral health care to the Lebanese, as shown by the high prevalence of caries and periodontal disease. (who.int)
- How does one remove dental caries without using the dentist drill? (healthtap.com)
- Dr. F. L. Robertson, a dentist in Bauxite, Arkansas, noted the presence of mottled enamel among children after a deep well was dug in 1909 to provide a local water supply. (cdc.gov)
- There is no simple way to do this and no need to anyway since if you do have any dental pain , you should see a dentist who is trained and experienced in diagnosing the cause of any problem. (healthtap.com)
- Dental imaging helps the dentist to determine the root cause of dental caries. (medgadget.com)
- Regular dental check-ups by the dentist at least one time in 3 months. (secondskin.ca)
- Smooth surface caries: The surface of the enamel, at least in newly erupted teeth, is covered by a membrane composed of the primary and secondary cuticle. (issuu.com)
- The location, development, and progression of smooth-surface caries differ from those of pit and fissure caries. (thefullwiki.org)
- smooth surface caries is further divided into Class II, Class III, Class IV, and Class V. A Class VI was added onto Black's classification and also represents a smooth-surface carious lesion. (thefullwiki.org)
- Selective removal to soft dentine is recommended in deep cavitated lesions (i.e., extending into the pulpal third or quarter of the dentine). (uiowa.edu)
- Stepwise excavation is a method of managing deep/extensive/advanced dentinal caries lesions to reduce the risk of pulpal exposures and pulpal pathosis by removing the caries lesion in separate appointments with ≥ 6 month intervals. (uiowa.edu)
- Most frequently located in the maxillary anterior region, it is caused by pulpal necrosis secondary to dental caries or trauma. (wikipedia.org)
- Untreated caries can lead to incapacitating pain, a bacterial infection that leads to pulpal necrosis, tooth extraction and loss of dental function, and may progress to an acute systemic infection. (cdc.gov)
- The underlying ideas of minimally invasive caries excavation are not necessarily new. (directorioodontologico.info)
- However, incomplete excavation concepts have neither become established in teaching institutions, nor in dental practices. (directorioodontologico.info)
- In this single-arm long-term prospective study, the inclusion criteria were risk of pulp exposure during caries excavation, positive response to the cold test, absence of spontaneous pain or sensitivity during percussion, and radiographic absence of a periapical lesion. (nih.gov)
- Leksell E, Ridell K, Cvek M, Mejare I (1996) Pulp exposure after stepwise versus direct complete excavation of deep carious lesions in young posterior permanent teeth. (springer.com)
- Furthermore, a method for the analysis of global patterns of gene expression was performed to permit simultaneous analysis of the abundance of significant species by allowing cross-bacterial comparisons of abundance profiles between caries-active and caries-free subjects. (asm.org)
- The top bacterial species found to be overabundant in the caries-active group were Actinomyces sp. (asm.org)
- Understanding the role of specific bacterial species and subspecies is important for creating a complete model of caries etiology. (asm.org)
- Changes in both bacterial count and bacterial content have been linked to development of conditions ranging from garden variety dental caries and gut infections to more serious ones, including chronic inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and multiple sclerosis. (eurekalert.org)
- Dental caries, broken teeth, or periodontal disease can predispose teeth and adjacent soft tissues to bacterial infections. (appliedradiology.com)
- Dental abscesses, focal collections of pus associated with bacterial infection, occur most commonly adjacent to the tooth root tip, and are termed periapical abscesses . (appliedradiology.com)
- Dental abscesses adjacent to the roots of the maxillary premolars and molars may result in inflammatory mucosal thickening or acute bacterial sinusitis of the adjacent maxillary sinuses, termed odontogenic sinusitis. (appliedradiology.com)
- Latest study: "In conclusion, the prevalence of dental caries in the deciduous and permanent dentitions of 7- to 8-year-old children was high. (healthtap.com)
- In this review, we provide an overview of different types of MSCs that have been isolated and characterized from several origins such as dental pulp, exfoliated deciduous teeth, the periodontal ligament, the dental follicle, the dental papilla, oral mucosa, and gingiva, with the focus on the potential clinical applications for each type of dental stem cell. (springer.com)
- All patients had severe intrauterine growth retarda- tion, short stature, small hands and feet, blue sclera, deep-set eyes, microcephaly, persistent hypo- calcaemia and hypoparathyroidism. (who.int)
- Consequently, there is a clear need for innovative approaches to address the absence of robust evidence of the impact of treating severe dental caries on children's health and well-being. (biomedcentral.com)
- To assess the prevalence of caries, a clinical examination was performed using the WHO criteria (1987) . (who.int)
- Intra-examiner reproducibility and inter-examiner reproducibility were 0.90 and 0.86, respectively, for the clinical assessment of sealant retention and caries evaluation. (biomedsearch.com)
- All treated children were free of clinical dental sepsis whereas 20% (9 of 44) of controls who were free of sepsis at baseline had sepsis at follow-up. (biomedcentral.com)
- however, currently available dental-materials are limited by non-specific action, cytotoxicity and poor clinical handling. (frontiersin.org)
- is entrusted with business related to the process development of and manufacturing of clinical-use MCBs derived from dental pulp cells to be utilized for regenerative medicine products. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Under this cooperation, the BGI Clinical will be responsible for the preservation of the collected dental pulp stem cells from patients with such needs from the clinics of the Company. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Sources of dental stem cells and their multilineage differentiation capability and potential clinical applications for regenerative and immunomodulatory therapy. (springer.com)
- Clinical localization of such infections, especially those involving the deep neck, is limited. (appliedradiology.com)
- In one series of patients with deep neck involvement, clinical examination localized the space involved in only 42.9% of cases. (appliedradiology.com)
- Therefore, we propose an automatic detection system to detect proximal dental caries in periapical images for the first time. (springer.com)
- Mitosis detection in breast cancer histology images with deep neural networks. (springer.com)
- Caries Detection, Part I: What Do You See? (speareducation.com)
- Sometimes caries may be directly visible, however other methods of detection such as radiograph are used for less visible areas of teeth and to judge the extent of destruction. (thefullwiki.org)
- These findings underscored the necessity of species- and strain-level resolution for caries prognosis, and were consistent with the ecological hypothesis where the shifts in community structure, instead of the presence or absence of particular groups of microbes, underlie the cariogenesis. (nih.gov)
- The objective of this review is to describe new findings in the field of dental stem cell research and their potential applications in tissue regeneration and therapy of inflammation-related diseases. (springer.com)
- 9. Brown LJ, Kaste L, Selwitz R, Furman L. Dental caries and sealant usage in U.S. children, 1988-selected findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (netce.com)
- The success rates of a glass ionomer cement and a resin-based fissure sealant placed by fifth-year undergraduate dental students. (biomedsearch.com)
- AIM: To evaluate retention and caries prevention of a glass-ionomer cement (GIC) and a resin-based fissure sealant placed by fifth-year undergraduate dental students. (biomedsearch.com)
- Retention and effectiveness of dental sealant after 15 years. (netce.com)
- According to a number of recent evidence based researches, and only in selected cases, dentists were able to preserve the vitality of the pulp without complete removal of the caries present near the pulp chamber. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Grinishin O. Morphological Changes of Dental Pulp in Experimental Deep Caries with Perforation of the Pulp Chamber in Rats / O. Grinishin, B. Filenko // Eastern European Scientific Journal. (edu.ua)
- The purpose of the research was to study morphological changes of dental pulp in experimental deep caries with perforation of the pulp chamber in rats. (edu.ua)
- In the coronal and cervical portions of the pulp in deep caries with perforation of pulp chamber irreversible necrotic processes of odontoblasts have been noted. (edu.ua)