Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Adjunctive computer programs in providing drug treatment to patients.
Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, that enable providers to initiate medical procedures, prescribe medications, etc. These systems support medical decision-making and error-reduction during patient care.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
The use of COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS to store and transmit medical PRESCRIPTIONS.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
Systems used to prompt or aid the memory. The systems can be computerized reminders, color coding, telephone calls, or devices such as letters and postcards.
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The leveraging of collective wisdom within an organization as a catalyst to increase responsiveness and innovation.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
Computerized compilations of information units (text, sound, graphics, and/or video) interconnected by logical nonlinear linkages that enable users to follow optimal paths through the material and also the systems used to create and display this information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
Hospital department responsible for the flow of patients and the processing of admissions, discharges, transfers, and also most procedures to be carried out in the event of a patient's death.
An American National Standards Institute-accredited organization working on specifications to support development and advancement of clinical and administrative standards for healthcare.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.
Management of the acquisition, organization, retrieval, and dissemination of health information.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Management of the acquisition, organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The practice of administering medications in a manner that poses more risk than benefit, particularly where safer alternatives exist.
Formularies concerned with pharmaceuticals prescribed in hospitals.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Using certified ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS technology to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce HEALTHCARE DISPARITIES; engage patients and families in their health care; improve care coordination; improve population and public health; while maintaining privacy and security.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.
A technetium diagnostic aid used in renal function determination.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Care given to patients by nursing service personnel.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Port-Vila. It was called New Hebrides until 1980. It was discovered in 1606 by the Portuguese, forgotten for 160 years, then visited by Bougainville in 1768 and Captain Cook in 1774. It was under joint British and French administration from 1906 until it became independent in 1980 under the name of Vanuatu. The name is native, meaning our land. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p833 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p570)
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
An infant born at or after 42 weeks of gestation.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Phenomena and pharmaceutics of compounds that selectively bind to a specific receptor and trigger a response. They mimic the action of endogenous biochemical molecules. Their effect can be countered by antagonists (DRUG ANTAGONISM).
A concept, developed in 1983 under the aegis of and supported by the National Library of Medicine under the name of Integrated Academic Information Management Systems, to provide professionals in academic health sciences centers and health sciences institutions with convenient access to an integrated and comprehensive network of knowledge. It addresses a wide cross-section of users from administrators and faculty to students and clinicians and has applications to planning, clinical and managerial decision-making, teaching, and research. It provides access to various types of clinical, management, educational, etc., databases, as well as to research and bibliographic databases. In August 1992 the name was changed from Integrated Academic Information Management Systems to Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems to reflect use beyond the academic milieu.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Providers of initial care for patients. These PHYSICIANS refer patients when appropriate for secondary or specialist care.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Health care provided to individuals.
Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision.
The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
The transmission of messages to staff and patients within a hospital.
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.
Patterns of practice in nursing related to provision of services including diagnosis and treatment.
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
The process of observing, recording, or detecting the effects of a chemical substance administered to an individual therapeutically or diagnostically.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist's professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.
Hospitals organized and controlled by a group of physicians who practice together and provide each other with mutual support.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Graphic tracing over a time period of radioactivity measured externally over the kidneys following intravenous injection of a radionuclide which is taken up and excreted by the kidneys.
A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.
Delivery of nursing services via remote telecommunications.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Math calculations done for preparing appropriate doses of medicines, taking into account conversions of WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. Mistakes are one of the sources of MEDICATION ERRORS.
A histamine analog and H1 receptor agonist that serves as a vasodilator. It is used in MENIERE DISEASE and in vascular headaches but may exacerbate bronchial asthma and peptic ulcers.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.

The cost effectiveness of strategies for the treatment of intestinal parasites in immigrants. (1/2098)

BACKGROUND: Currently, more than 600,000 immigrants enter the United States each year from countries where intestinal parasites are endemic. At entry persons with parasitic infections may be asymptomatic, and stool examinations are not a sensitive method of screening for parasitosis. Albendazole is a new, broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug, which was approved recently by the Food and Drug Administration. International trials have shown albendazole to be safe and effective in eradicating many parasites. In the United States there is now disagreement about whether to screen all immigrants for parasites, treat all immigrants presumptively, or do nothing unless they have symptoms. METHODS: We compared the costs and benefits of no preventive intervention (watchful waiting) with those of universal screening or presumptive treatment with 400 mg of albendazole per day for five days. Those at risk were defined as immigrants to the United States from Asia, the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Cost effectiveness was expressed both in terms of the cost of treatment per disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) averted (one DALY is defined as the loss of one year of healthy life to disease) and in terms of the cost per hospitalization averted. RESULTS: As compared with watchful waiting, presumptive treatment of all immigrants at risk for parasitosis would avert at least 870 DALYs, prevent at least 33 deaths and 374 hospitalizations, and save at least $4.2 million per year. As compared with watchful waiting, screening would cost $159,236 per DALY averted. CONCLUSIONS: Presumptive administration of albendazole to all immigrants at risk for parasitosis would save lives and money. Universal screening, with treatment of persons with positive stool examinations, would save lives but is less cost effective than presumptive treatment.  (+info)

An interactive videodisc program for low back pain patients. (2/2098)

Decisions about back pain treatment are often made in the presence of both physician and patient uncertainty. Therefore, we developed a computerized, interactive video program to help patients make informed decisions about undergoing low back surgery. Program development was guided by the shared decision-making model, a comprehensive literature synthesis, information from administrative databases, and focus groups of patients and physicians. Core segments are tailored to each patient's age and diagnosis; and include a narrative, excerpts from patient interviews, animated graphics illustrating spinal anatomy, and tabular summaries of the benefits and risks of both surgical and non-surgical treatment. As part of a multifocal information dissemination effort, interactive videodiscs were placed in five medical facilities in two Washington State counties. Patients (N = 239) who viewed the video program completed short evaluation forms. The majority rated the video's understandability (84%) and interest (64%) as very good or excellent. Most patients felt the amount of information provided was appropriate (75%) and over half (56%) believed the discussion of surgical versus non-surgical treatment was completely balanced. Fewer patients (17%) remained undecided about therapy after watching the program than before (29%). We conclude that interactive videodisc technology offers substantial promise as a means of involving patients in their own medical decision making.  (+info)

Strategy and cost in investigating solitary pulmonary nodules. (3/2098)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the probability of cancer in a solitary pulmonary nodule using standard criteria with Bayesian analysis and result of 2-[F-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomographic (FDG-PET) scan. SETTING: A university hospital and a teaching Veteran Affairs Medical Center. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 52 patients who had undergone both CT scan of the chest and a FDG-PET scan for evaluation of a solitary pulmonary nodule. FDG-PET scan was classified as abnormal or normal. Utilizing Bayesian analysis, the probability of cancer using "standard criteria" available in the literature, based on patient's age, history of previous malignancy, smoking history, size and edge of nodule, and presence or absence of calcification were calculated and compared to the probability of cancer based on an abnormal or normal FDG-PET scan. Histologic study of the nodules was the gold standard. RESULTS: The likelihood ratios for malignancy in a solitary pulmonary nodule with an abnormal FDG-PET scan was 7.11 (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.36 to 7.96), suggesting a high probability for malignancy, and 0.06 (95% CI, 0.05 to 0.07) when the PET scan was normal, suggesting a high probability for benign nodule. FDG-PET scan as a single test alone was more accurate than the standard criteria and standard criteria plus PET scan in correctly classifying nodules as malignant or benign. CONCLUSION: FDG-PET scan as a single test was a better predictor of malignancy in solitary pulmonary nodules than the standard criteria using Bayesian analysis. FDG-PET scan can be a useful adjunct test in the evaluation of solitary pulmonary nodules.  (+info)

Financial and organizational determinants of hospital diversification into subacute care. (4/2098)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the financial, market, and organizational determinants of hospital diversification into subacute inpatient care by acute care hospitals in order to guide hospital managers in undertaking such diversification efforts. STUDY SETTING: All nongovernment, general, acute care, community hospitals that were operating during the years 1985 through 1991 (3,986 hospitals in total). DATA SOURCES: Cross-sectional, time-series data were drawn from the American Hospital Association's (AHA) Annual Survey of Hospitals, the Health Care Financing Administration's (HCFA) Medicare Cost Reports, a latitude and longitude listing for all community hospital addresses, and the Area Resource File (ARF) published in 1992, which provides county level environmental variables. STUDY DESIGN: The study is longitudinal, enabling the specification of temporal patterns in conversion, causal inferences, and the treatment of right-censoring problems. The unit of analysis is the individual hospital. KEY FINDINGS: Significant differences were found in the average level of subacute care offered by investor-owned versus tax-exempt hospitals. After controlling for selection bias, financial performance, risk, size, occupancy, and other variables, IO hospitals offered 31.3 percent less subacute care than did NFP hospitals. Financial performance and risk are predictors of IO hospitals' diversification into subacute care, but not of NFP hospitals' activities in this market. Resource availability appears to expedite expansion into subacute care for both types of hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Investment criteria and strategy differ between investor-owned and tax-exempt hospitals.  (+info)

Evaluating the sale of a nonprofit health system to a for-profit hospital management company: the Legacy Experience. (5/2098)

OBJECTIVE: To introduce and develop a decision model that can be used by the leadership of nonprofit healthcare organizations to assist them in evaluating whether selling to a for-profit organization is in their community's best interest. STUDY SETTING/DATA SOURCES: A case study of the planning process and decision model that Legacy Health System used to evaluate whether to sell to a for-profit hospital management company and use the proceeds of the sale to establish a community health foundation. Data sources included financial statements of benchmark organizations, internal company records, and numerous existing studies. STUDY DESIGN: The development of the multivariate model was based on insight gathered through a review of the current literature regarding the conversion of nonprofit healthcare organizations. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: The effect that conversion from nonprofit to for-profit status would have on each variable was estimated based on assumptions drawn from the current literature and on an analysis of Legacy and for-profit hospital company data. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The results of the decision model calculations indicate that the sale of Legacy to a for-profit firm and the subsequent creation of a community foundation would have a negative effect on the local community. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the decision model enabled senior management and trustees to systematically address the conversion question and to conclude that continuing to operate as a nonprofit organization would provide the most benefit to the local community. The model will prove useful to organizations that decide to sell to a for-profit organization as well as those that choose to continue nonprofit operations. For those that decide to sell, the model will assist in minimizing any potential negative effect that conversion may have on the community. The model will help those who choose not to sell to develop a better understanding of the organization's value to the community.  (+info)

Cost comparison of predictive genetic testing versus conventional clinical screening for familial adenomatous polyposis. (6/2098)

BACKGROUND: Mutations of the APC gene cause familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), a hereditary colorectal cancer predisposition syndrome. AIMS: To conduct a cost comparison analysis of predictive genetic testing versus conventional clinical screening for individuals at risk of inheriting FAP, using the perspective of a third party payer. METHODS: All direct health care costs for both screening strategies were measured according to time and motion, and the expected costs evaluated using a decision analysis model. RESULTS: The baseline analysis predicted that screening a prototype FAP family would cost $4975/ pound3109 by molecular testing and $8031/ pound5019 by clinical screening strategy, when family members were monitored with the same frequency of clinical surveillance (every two to three years). Sensitivity analyses revealed that the genetic testing approach is cost saving for key variables including the kindred size, the age of screening onset, and the cost of mutation identification in a proband. However, if the APC mutation carriers were monitored at an increased (annual) frequency, the cost of the genetic screening strategy increased to $7483/ pound4677 and was especially sensitive to variability in age of onset of screening, family size, and cost of genetic testing of at risk relatives. CONCLUSIONS: In FAP kindreds, a predictive genetic testing strategy costs less than conventional clinical screening, provided that the frequency of surveillance is identical using either strategy. An additional significant benefit is the elimination of unnecessary colonic examinations for those family members found to be non-carriers.  (+info)

Is axillary lymph node dissection indicated for early-stage breast cancer? A decision analysis. (7/2098)

PURPOSE: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) has been a standard procedure in the management of breast cancer. In a patient with a clinically negative axilla, ALND is performed primarily for staging purposes, to guide adjuvant treatment. Recently, the routine use of ALND has been questioned because the results of the procedure may not change the choice of adjuvant systemic therapy and/or the survival benefit of a change in adjuvant therapy would be small. We constructed a decision model to quantify the benefits of ALND for patients eligible for breast-conserving therapy. METHODS: Patients were grouped by age, tumor size, and estrogen receptor (ER) status. The model uses the Oxford overviews and three combined Cancer and Leukemia Group B studies. We assumed that patients who did not undergo ALND received axillary radiation therapy and that the two procedures are equally effective. All chemotherapy combinations were assumed to be equally efficacious. RESULTS: The largest benefits from ALND are seen in ER-positive women with small primary tumors who might not be candidates for adjuvant chemotherapy if their lymph nodes test negative. Virtually no benefit results in ER-negative women, almost all of whom would receive adjuvant chemotherapy. When adjusted for quality of life (QOL), ALND may have an overall negative impact. In general, the benefits of ALND increase with the expected severity of adjuvant therapy on QOL CONCLUSION: Our model quantifies the benefits of ALND and assists decision making by patients and physicians. The results suggest that the routine use of ALND in breast cancer patients should be reassessed and may not be necessary in many patients.  (+info)

Determining the cost of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a decision analytic model. (8/2098)

OBJECTIVE: To design a decision analytic model to help determine the costs associated with various treatment regimens for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). STUDY DESIGN: A decision analytic model incorporating Markov processes was developed to calculate clinical and direct economic outcomes for patients with GERD after 2 years of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used retrospective data in the Markov model to generate clinical and economic outcomes. The primary data sources were the 1993 MarketScan claims database, the 1992 National Hospital Discharge Survey, and the clinical literature. RESULTS: Patients with mild GERD (17.6% of patients) contributed 37.8% of costs, while those with moderate to severe disease (14.4% of patients) contributed 49.9% of costs. The remaining 12.3% of costs was spent on the 68% of patients with non-GERD diagnoses. The class of drugs with the highest acquisition cost--proton pump inhibitors--had the lowest total cost per case. The high level of efficacy of these drugs may explain this result. Sensitivity testing showed no evidence that our model's results depended heavily on any one probability or cost factor. CONCLUSIONS: This model showed that patients with moderate to severe GERD were the most expensive cases to treat and that proton pump inhibitors resulted in the lowest total cost per case. Further testing and manipulation of the model are required to gain a better understanding of the trade-offs involved in different options for GERD management.  (+info)

In 2005, the International Patient Decision Aids Standards Collaboration identified twelve quality dimensions to guide assessment of patient decision aids. One dimension-the delivery of patient decision aids on the Internet-is relevant when the Internet is used to provide some or all components of a patient decision aid. Building on the original background chapter, this paper provides an updated definition for this dimension, outlines a theoretical rationale, describes current evidence, and discusses emerging research areas. An international, multidisciplinary panel of authors examined the relevant theoretical literature and empirical evidence through 2012. The updated definition distinguishes Internet-delivery of patient decision aids from online health information and clinical practice guidelines. Theories in cognitive psychology, decision psychology, communication, and education support the value of Internet features for providing interactive information and deliberative support. Dissemination and
Decision curve analysis is a suitable method for evaluating alternative diagnostic and prognostic strategies that has advantages over other commonly used measures and techniques.
Clinical decision analysis: Incorporating the evidence with patient preferences Ilyas S Aleem1, Hamza Jalal2, Idris S Aleem3, Adeel A Sheikh1, Mohit Bhandari11Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; 2The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; 3Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, CanadaAbstract: Decision analysis has become an increasingly popular decision-making tool with a multitude of clinical applications. Incorporating patient and expert preferences with available literature, it allows users to apply evidence-based medicine to make informed decisions when confronted with difficult clinical scenarios. A decision tree depicts potential alternatives and outcomes involved with a given decision. Probabilities and utilities are used to quantify the various options and help determine the best course of action. Sensitivity analysis allows users to explore the uncertainty of data on expected clinical outcomes. The decision maker can
In 2005, the International Patient Decisions Aid Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration developed quality criteria for patient decisions aids; one of the quality dimensions dealt with disclosure of conflicts of interest (COIs). The purposes of this paper are to review newer evidence on dealing with COI in the development of patient decision aids and to readdress the theoretical justification and definition for this quality dimension. The committee conducted a primary systematic literature review to seek published research addressing the question, What is the evidence that disclosure of COIs in patient decision aids reduces biased decision making? A secondary literature review included a systematic search for recent meta-analyses addressing COIs in other spheres of health care, including research and publication, medical education, and clinical care. No direct evidence was found addressing this quality dimension in the primary literature review. The secondary review yielded a comprehensive Institute of
Patient decision aids are increasingly regarded as important components of clinical practice that enable shared decision making (SDM) and evidence based patient choice. Despite broad acceptance of their value, there remains little evidence of their successful implementation in primary care settings. Health care practitioners from five general practice surgeries in northern England participated in focus group sessions around the themes of patient decision aids, patient and practitioner preferences and SDM. Participants included general practitioners (n = 19), practice nurses (n = 5) and auxiliary staff (n = 3). Transcripts were analysed using a framework approach. We report a) practitioners discussion of the current impetus towards sharing decisions and their perspectives on barriers to SDM, and b) the implementation of patient decision aids in practice and impediments such as lack of an evidence base and time available in consultations. We demonstrate two orientations to sharing decisions: practitioner
Part I: An Introduction to Business Decision Analysis:. 1. What is Business Decision Analysis?.. 2. Model-Building in Business Decision Analysis.. 3. The Components of a Mathematical Model.. 4. Deterministic and Stochastic Models.. 5. Single-attribute and Multi-attribute Problems.. 6. Sensitivity Analysis and Model Building.. Part II: Decision Analysis:.. 7. Decision Trees and Payoff Matrices.. 8. Decision-Making under Conditions of Uncertainty.. 9. Decision-Making under Conditions of Risk.. 10. Multi-Stage Decision Problems.. 11. Revising Probabilities.. 12. Extensions.. Part III: Linear Programming:.. 13. Formulating a Linear Programming Problem.. 14. Solving Linear Programming Problems Using a Graphical Method.. 15. Sensitivity Analysis of Solutions.. 16. Computer Solution of Linear Programming Problems.. 17. The Transportation Problem.. 18. The Assignment Problem.. 19. Linear Programming - Limitations and Extensions.. Part IV: Regression Analysis:.. 20. Functional Relationships.. 21. ...
A UCSF PI-initiated study which includes comprehensive decision support intervention incorporating clinical, lifestyle, tumor genomic, and germline gene variant data.. The web and coaching intervention will: 1) summarize key clinical, lifestyle, and biomarker data elements, 2) communicate relative and absolute risks of upgrading/upstaging based on each of these elements, individually and in aggregate, and 3) provide tailored educational information for informed decision making on treatment options . A key aspect of the intervention will be provision of tiered coaching to the men prior to their physician visits to help them enter information accurately into the system, understand the results of the prediction model, document their questions for their physicians, and prepare them to make better-informed treatment decisions. UCSF research team will develop the decision support intervention in phases, initially using only CAPRA (validated clinical risk score), BMI (body mass index), and smoking data ...
Decision analysis (DA) is the discipline comprising the philosophy, theory, methodology, and professional practice necessary to address important decisions in a formal manner. Decision analysis includes many procedures, methods, and tools for identifying, clearly representing, and formally assessing important aspects of a decision, for prescribing a recommended course of action by applying the maximum expected utility action axiom to a well-formed representation of the decision, and for translating the formal representation of a decision and its corresponding recommendation into insight for the decision maker and other stakeholders. Graphical representation of decision analysis problems commonly use framing tools, influence diagrams and decision trees. Such tools are used to represent the alternatives available to the decision maker, the uncertainty they involve, and evaluation measures representing how well objectives would be achieved in the final outcome. Uncertainties are represented through ...
Cycling is gaining popularity both as a mode of travel in urban communities and as an alternative mode to private motorized vehicles due to its wide range of benefits (health, environmental, and economical). However, this change in modal share is not reflected in current transportation planning and travel demand forecasting modeling processes. The existing practices to model bicycle trips in a network are not sophisticated enough to describe the full cyclist experience in route decision-making. The purpose of this paper is to develop a multi-class and multi-criteria bicycle traffic assignment model that not only accounts for multiple user classes by acknowledging that there are different types of cyclists with varying levels of biking experience, but also for relevant factors that may affect each user classes behavior in route choice decisions. The multi-class, multi-criteria bicycle traffic assignment model is developed in a two-stage process. The first stage examines key criteria to generate ...
Decision-analytic models to simulate health outcomes and costs in heart failure: a systematic review. Pharmacoeconomics. 2011 Sep; 29(9):753-69 ...
This graph shows the total number of publications written about Decision Support Techniques by people in this website by year, and whether Decision Support Techniques was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
Selecting the right ERP system is one of the most risky, tedious and complex decision making activity for any organization. This paper develops a new multi-criteria method for ERP systems evaluation and selection, which addresses some of the most important shortcomings relating to the methods found in the literature. The proposed method serves mainly twofold objectives; firstly it introduces a new systematic evaluation process that considers ERP tailoring and mismatch handling as the corner stone of the evaluation activity. Secondly, it presents a semistructured evaluation model that helps the selection team to voice out its preferences. The evaluation model relies on many mathematical techniques to handle the various aspects of the evaluation: 0-1 linear programming systems to define the anticipated functional coverage of ERP candidates, MACBETH cardinal scales to represent, in an interactive way, the selection teams preferences, and the Choquet integral to address interdependencies among ...
This study is focused on using multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) for selecting specific growth rate models of batch cultivation by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ten specific growth rate models—Monod, Mink, Tessier, Moser, Aiba, Andrews, Haldane, Luong, Edward, and Han-Levenspiel—were investigated in order to explain the cell growth kinetics by the dependence on glucose. By using the preference ranking organization method (PROMETHEE) II, it was found that the Andrews model was the highest of rank and was the most appropriate one for modelling.
The growing interest in addressing heterogeneity formally and analytically is a reflection of the move - or at least talk about moving - to more personalised heath care. At the clinical level the existence of biological-clinical and/or sociodemographic heterogeneity and use of such variables reflecting this, is not at all controversial in either research or practice. Use of subgrouping based on such variables is also fairly well accepted at the health policy level, such as in NICE-type coverage/reimbursement decisions, where any debate is about the use of particular variables, rather than the principle of subgrouping. Acknowledgement of preference heterogeneity and use of preference variables is a totally different story. It is becoming less controversial at the clinical level, where the role of preferences in influencing patient behaviour, especially treatment adherence, is well-accepted; however as yet only a few decision aids attempt to process patients preferences explicitly and ...
BACKGROUND: Several models are currently available for predicting the malignancy of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), namely, the Pancreatic Surgery Consortium (PSC), the Japan Pancreas Society (JPS), the Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH), and the Japan-Korea (JPN-KOR) models. However, a head-to-head comparison that shows which model is more accurate for this individualized prediction is lacking. AIM: To perform a head-to-head comparison of the four models for predicting the malignancy of pancreatic IPMN. METHODS: A total of 181 patients with IPMN who had undergone surgical resection were identified from a prospectively maintained database. The characteristics of IPMN in patients were recorded from endoscopic ultrasound imaging data and report archives. The performance of all four models was examined using Harrells concordance index (C-index), calibration plots, decision curve analyses, and diagnostic tests. RESULTS: Of the 181 included patients, 94 were categorized as ...
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) is the area of the Decision Sciences that focus on structuring, analyzing, modeling, solving, and recommending a solution to decision problems in the presence of multiple criteria. One important issue in MCDA has to do with Robustness Analysis in discrete MCDA. Although there is not a single definition accepted by the scientific community, we can conveniently refer to robustness as the ability of a solution to cope with uncertainties. Different sources of uncertainty interact in a decision problem, some reflecting more or less arbitrary choices of the decision analyst and others concerning external uncertainties. In this sense, it has been proposed that the robustness concern needs to be explicit in a problem such that the robustness analysis is driven by a specific aim. A new robustness analysis framework is proposed where robustness of a solution in a decision aiding process is measured by the distance from that solution to an expected outcome, chosen by ...
The Preparation for Decision Making© Scale assesses a patients perception of how useful a decision aid or other decision support intervention is in preparing the respondent to communicate with their practitioner at a consultation visit and making a health decision. The scale is scored by summing the 10 items and dividing by 10. Scores are then converted to a 0-100 scale by subtracting 1 and multiplying by 25. Higher scores indicate higher perceived level of preparation for decision making. For this study, researchers used the patient version of the Preparation for Decision Making© scale, adapted for Lung Cancer Screening (LCS) context ...
The SAMe-TT2R2 score is a clinical prediction rule to aid decision making between a non-VKA oral anticoagulant (NOAC) and a vitamin K antagonist (VKA)
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Markus Kraus and Thomas Czypionka contributed to the article Strengthening the evidence-base of integrated care for people with mulit-morbidity in Europe using Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) published in the BMC Health Services Research Journal. The paper discusses the evaluation of integrated care programmes for individuals with multi-morbidity, through the use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analyses (MCDA). Read the full article online. ...
Clinical prediction rule accurate for primary care chest pain answers are found in the EE+ POEM Archive powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Researchers have developed a simple clinical decision rule that may help doctors identify patients with headache in the emergency department who have subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding in a certain area of the brain), according to a study in the September 25 issue of JAMA.
Impact of a clinical decision rule on hospital triage of patients with suspected acute cardiac ischemia in the emergency department Academic Article ...
The download Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis: State of the Art will have delivered to smooth command mother. It may is up to 1-5 politicians before you held it. The text will include been to your Kindle practice.
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Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Many important decisions must be made without full information. For example, a woman may need to make a treatment decision regarding breast cancer without full knowledge of important uncertainties, such as how well she might respond to treatment. In the financial domain, in the wake of the housing crisis, the government may need to monitor the credit market and decide whether to intervene. A key input in this case would be a model to describe the chance that one person (or company) will default given that others have defaulted. However, such a model requires addressing the lack of knowledge regarding the correlation between groups or individuals. How to model and make decisions in cases where only partial information is available is a significant challenge. In the past, researchers have made arbitrary assumptions regarding the missing information. In this research, we developed a modeling procedure that can be used to analyze many possible scenarios subject to strict conditions. Specifically, we ...
Yksi kuudestatoista TUCS-tutkimuslaboratorioista • Pääasiassa Turun yliopiston IT-laitoksen tutkijoita - Erilaisten algoritmien suunnittelu, analysointi ja toteutus - Sekä teoreettinen että soveltava algoritmitutkimus • Tekstin, sanakirjojen ja kuvien tiivistäminen • Tietokantarakenteet ja tietokantahaut • Rinnakkaislaskenta ja rinnakkaiset algoritmit • Bio-lääketieteellisten signaalien analysointi • Professorit: 5 (2 vakituista, 1 ma, 2 mvs) - Timo Knuutila- Risto Lahdelma- Ville Leppänen- Olli Nevalainen- Jukka Teuhola • Tutkijat: 3 (2 TUCS Postdoc, 1 SA-projektitutkija) - Tero Aittokallio- Esa Alhoniemi- Jouni Smed Algoritmiikka-laboratorion julkaisut 2004 - Lahdelma, Risto and Makkonen, Simo and Salminen, Pekka: Treating Dependent Uncertainties in Multi-Criteria Decision Problems. Volume Vol II, Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd, 2004 - Rong, Aiying and Lahdelma, Risto: An Efficient Linear Model and Optimization Algorithm for Trigeneration. Number 598, 2004 - Alhoniemi, Esa ...
Van der Pas, J.W.G.M., W.E. Walker, V.A.W.J. Marchau, G.P. Van Wee and D.B. Agusdinata (2011), Exploratory MCDA for handling deep uncertainties: the case of intelligent speed adaptation implementation, Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis 17 (1-2) 1-23 ...
Your patient walks into your clinic with neck pain that radiates into their what? How do you know what it is, what you should do, and if they are going to respond well to conservative therapy? With the help of several research studies we thankfully have the answer to some of these questions. Wainner…
The HCG Diet Losing weight with the HCG diet has been found to be one of the quickest ways to lose weight without sacrificing your health or metabolism. Some people lose 3-5 pounds per week and even more. Imagine weighing 15 pounds less a month from now!. ...
Fecal DNA testing every 5 years appears effective and cost-effective compared with no screening, but inferior to other strategies such as FOBT and COLO. Fecal DNA testing could decrease the national CRC burden if it could improve adherence with screening, particularly where the capacity to perform s …
New technologies offer potential to assay a wide variety of biomarkers and immune state diagnostics that are informative about the physiological and immune status of a person and define the immunity markers that correlate with a state of protective immunity to particular diseases. This information could be used as a decision-support tool for the design and evaluation of new or improved vaccines.
Hörster, Laura; Schlenk, Richard F.; Stadler, Michael; Gabriel, Maria; Thol, Felicitas; Schildmann, Jan; Vollmann, Jochen; Rochau, Ursula; Sroczynski, Gaby; Wasem, Jürgen; Ganser, Arnold; Port, Matthias; Neumann, Anja (2017): Cost-effectiveness of methods in personalized medicine. Results of a decision-analytic model in patients with acute myeloid leukemia with normal karyotype. In: Leukemia Research, Vol. 62: pp. 84-90 ...
Learn about sICH in the pivotal 2-part randomized NINDS trial. Download data from the clinical trials, real-world analyses, and the Patient Decision Aid to assist in evaluating treatment discussion.
A population-based cohort study revealed cancer incidence was 24 percent greater in people who underwent CT imaging at least one year prior to diagnosis, according to research published online May 22 in BMJ. The researchers called for increased awareness of the risks and benefits of CT imaging among providers and increased utilization of decision tools.
The tri-fold Clinical Prediction Card is a great reminder of several commonly-used prediction rules for the emergency department.
This decision aid was developed by Aleena Wojcieszek, a Psychology Honours student I supervised in 2009. In an alternate allocation controlled trial, we found that exposure to this tool increased young peoples knowledge of fertility decline over the lifespan and of the effectiveness of in vitro fertilisation. Exposure also decreased peoples desired age at commencement and completion of childbearing. This trial was published here. ...
The halting problem is a decision problem about properties of computer programs on a fixed Turing-complete model of computation. The problem is to determine, given a program and an input to the program, whether the program will eventually halt when run with that input. In this abstract framework, there are no resource limitations of memory or time on the programs execution; it can take arbitrarily long, and use arbitrarily much storage space, before halting. The question is simply whether the given program will ever halt on a particular input.. For example, in pseudocode, the program. does not halt; rather, it goes on forever in an infinite loop. On the other hand, the program. halts very soon.. The halting problem is famous because it was one of the first problems proven algorithmically undecidable. This means there is no algorithm which can be applied to any arbitrary program and input to decide whether the program stops when run with that input.. Full article ▸. ...
When building a new analytical model, rushing headlong into construction is not a good idea. Careful planning and design will result in analytics you can trust.
When building a new analytical model, rushing headlong into construction is not a good idea. Careful planning and design will result in analytics you can trust.
Given the following sample information, test the hypothesis that the treatment means are equal at the .05 significance level. a. State the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. b. What is the decision rule? c. Compute.
Question answering, Bayesian networks, information retrieval, cost-benefit analysis, decision theory † Reprint requests should be addressed to Eric Horvitz ([email protected]), Microsoft Research, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98033. January 2014 continued 7B/PQP/3 1. 3-17. next to, … Read Online Decision Analysis Questions And Answer. Cost control analysis. 2. Since this is the decision being made, it is represented with a square and the branches coming off of that decision represent 3 different choices to be made. Click here for our free Competency Based Interview Questions and Answers pdf - yours to download and keep. Decision Analysis Questions And Answer related files: 69d62bb3d9474790c9579ff918105e62 Powered by TCPDF ( 1 / 1 The cost of the development project is $500,000. It is comprised, in part, of logical reasoning questions and is replacing the UCAT Decision Analysis subtest. Bookmark File PDF Decision Analysis Questions And Answer environment lonely? Analysis ...
On completion of your course, you will receive two qualifications:. Business Decision Analysis Diploma. Business Decision Analysis Diploma issued by My Distance Learning College, entitling you to use the letters SAC Dip after your name.. NCFE Level 4 Business Decision Analysis Award. This Course leads to an NCFE Level 4 Award Certificate for successful learners. That means that it is independently accredited at a level of learning equivalent to level 4 on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) for England, Wales and Northern Ireland (in which case GCSEs are at levels 1 and 2 and A Levels are at level 3). In accrediting the program at level 4, NCFE attests that its learning outcomes are at an equivalent level to a level 4 national qualification. This award has been designed by My Distance Learning College to meet specific learners or employers requirements. Accreditation by NCFE is a guarantee of quality. It means that this learning program has been scrutinized and approved by an ...
Multi-Criteria Optimization (MCO) is a clinical decision support tool that was added to Varians Eclipse™ treatment planning system in version 15.5. MCO enables clinicians to quickly improve plan quality by balancing clinical tradeoffs. Using this tool, clinicians can explore what happens when they vary different clinical criteria, such as the degree to which particular organs are spared versus coverage of the targeted tumor, without a time-consuming trial and error process.
For many women with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) motherhood decisions are complicated by their condition and complex pharmacological treatments. Decisions about having children or expanding their family require relevant knowledge and consultation with their family and physician as conception and pregnancy has to be managed within the RA context. Relevant information is not readily available to women with RA. Therefore a randomized controlled study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a new motherhood decision aid (DA) developed specifically for women with RA. One hundred and forty-four women were randomly allocated to either an intervention or control group. All women completed a battery of questionnaires at pre-intervention, including, the Pregnancy in Rheumatoid Arthritis Questionnaire (PiRAQ), the Decisional Conflict Scale (DCS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES), and provided basic demographic information. Women in the DA group were
One of the most important uses of benefit-risk assessment pertains to approval of new medicines by regulatory authorities and the subsequent review of these products during their life-cycle when new safety and/or efficacy data becomes available. At present, there exist no validated, well-accepted models for benefit-risk assessment that have the appropriate degree of sophistication, and as a consequence no models are widely used by regulatory authorities or industry. The aim of the study was therefore to develop a new model for benefit-risk assessment of medicines using multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). ...
For a detailed description of how the model calculates and predicts crop stages as well as the parameter values used in this decision tool see Archontoulis et al. (2014). Briefly, the APSIM-soybean model (Robertson et al., 2002; Keating et al., 2003) divides the soybean crop cycle into seven major phases and uses a thermal time methodology modified by photoperiod to define growth phase targets. Air temperature and photoperiod (length of daylight) are the main drivers of soybean phenology. Calculation of thermal time in the model uses a 3-hour interpolation method and a specified temperature/thermal time relationship. The base temperature for development is 50۶ (10۳), the optimum is 86۶ (30۳) and the maximum is 104۶ (40۳). These parameters are generic for all cultivars. In contrast, the parameters describing photoperiod effects (critical [12.5-14.5 hours] and photoperiod sensitivity [0.15-0.30 hour-1]) are cultivar specific. The longer the maturity group, the more sensitive to photoperiod ...
Prescriptive clinical prediction rules (CPRs) are commonly used in rehabilitation practice. Multiple systematic reviews have noted concern about the value of these rules and the violations of these tools. More recently, additional concerns have been outlined involving modelling errors, poor precision and fragility of the rules. This editorial outlines updated concerns about prescriptive clinical predication rules.. CPRs use baseline criteria called treatment effect modifiers,1 which are gathered from a physical examination to inform the type of treatment that a patient should preferentially receive. Many CPRs exist and have been enthusiastically incorporated in clinical practice. For example, CPRs exist to help identify which patients with back pain should receive spinal manipulation and stabilisation exercises. Their purpose is to better match patients to treatments, based on their predicted responsiveness to that treatment, independent of a diagnosis. Prescriptive CPRs are mentioned in ...
Although single-criterion recommender systems have been successfully used in several applications, multicriteria rating systems which allow users to specify ratings for various content attributes of individual items are gaining importance in recommendation context. An overall rating of an unrated item is often obtained by the weighted average method (WAM) when criterion weights are available. However, the assumption of additivity for the WAM is not always reasonable. For this reason, this paper presents a new collaborative-filtering approach using multicriteria ratings, in which a nonadditive technique in Multicriteria decision making (MCDM), namely, the Choquet integral, is used to aggregate multicriteria ratings for unrated items. Subsequently, the system can recommend items with higher overall ratings for each user. The degrees of importance of the respective criteria are determined by a genetic algorithm. In contrast to the additive weighted average aggregation, the Choquet integral does not ignore
The complexity of modern projects makes the proper management crucial. The volatile environment of the XXI century means that it is important to choose the right decision at the right moment. During the life of project there is the need to make many decisions, which are embedded in time. Moreover, in many cases evaluation of these decisions depends on multiple criteria. Two approaches are poposed to deal with such situation: Multicriteria Decision Tree and Multi-State Real Options (MSRO). The paper compares areas of applicability, limitations and advantages of these methods. As result, it is concluded, that MSRO method is more specific and can be used only in situations where exist real options ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Inform. T2 - Integrated decision support in intensive care. AU - Hunter, James. AU - Chambrin, Marie-Christine. AU - Collinson, Paul. AU - Hedlund, Anders. AU - Groth, Torgny. AU - Kalli, Seppo. AU - Kari, Aarno. AU - Lenoudias, George. AU - Ravaux, Pierre. AU - Ross, Donnie. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - Many medical decision support systems that have been developed in the past have failed to enter routine clinical practice. Often this is because the developers have failed to analyse in sufficient detail the precise user requirements, because they have produced a system which takes too narrow a view of the patient, or because the decision support facilities have not been sufficiently well integrated into the routine clinical data handling activities. In this paper we discuss how the AIM-INFORM project is setting out to deal with these issues, in the context of the provision of decision support in the intensive care unit.. AB - Many medical decision support systems that have been ...
Approves additional funding for the Phase 2 period for the proposals listed in Table 1 in the amounts indicated for each proposal, with the clear understanding that the amounts approved are upper ceilings rather than final funding amounts, and based on an understanding that the Secretariat shall pursue on-going implementation arrangements for each proposal consistent with the recommendations set forth in its Grant Score Card. Approval is also subject to paragraph 3.c. of the Comprehensive Funding Policy (GF/B20/DP9)[1] ...
Unisense FertiliTech, world leader in time-lapse technology for IVF will present a new tool to improve embryo evaluation in IVF. The KIDScore™ decision support tool is an exclusive feature of the EmbryoScope™ time-lapse system and is based on analysis of…
Unisense FertiliTech, world leader in time-lapse technology for IVF will present a new tool to improve embryo evaluation in IVF. The KIDScore™ decision support tool is an exclusive feature of the EmbryoScope™ time-lapse system and is based on analysis of…
Approves additional funding for the Phase 2 period for the proposals listed in Table 1 in the amounts indicated for each proposal, with the clear understanding that the amounts approved are upper ceilings rather than final funding amounts, and based on an understanding that the Secretariat shall pursue on-going implementation arrangements for each proposal consistent with the recommendations set forth in its Grant Score Card. Approval is also subject to paragraph 3.c. of the Comprehensive Funding Policy (GF/B20/DP9)[1] ...
Carbon Trust Biomass decision support tool - find the most cost effective biomass system size & integration strategy based on site heating requirements. and multi-criteria analysis for inland waterways infrastructure ...
Objectives. Using a decision-analytic model, we sought to examine the cost-effectiveness of three strategies for cardioversion of patients admitted to the hospital with atrial fibrillation. Background. Transesophageal echocardiographic TEE - guided cardioversion has been proposed as a method for early cardioversion of patients with atrial...
An infinite-state Markov decision model is considered for the control of a simple immigration process, which represents a pest population, by an intermittent predator. It is assumed that the predator may leave the habitat before capturing all the pests. The cost rate caused by the pests is an increasing function of their population size, while the cost rate of the controlling action is constant. A sequence of suitable finite-state Markov decision models is constructed such that the optimal average-cost policies in the sequence converge to the optimal average-cost policy in the original model. There is strong numerical evidence that the optimal policy introduces the predator if and only if the pest population is greater than or equal to some critical size.. • An exact solution to a Kolmogorov-type model for two interacting ...
The Complete Risk and Decision Analysis Toolkit Wouldnt you like to know the chances of making money on your next venture? Or which of many decision options is most likely to yield the best payoff? How about the best sequential drilling strategy? Or how much to invest in various projects in order to maximize the return on your project portfolio? Everyone would like answers to these types of questions. Armed with that kind of information, you could take a lot of guesswork out of big decisions and plan strategies with confidence. With the DecisionTools Suite, you can answer these questions and more - right in your Excel spreadsheet. The DecisionTools Suite is an integrated set of programs for risk analysis and decision making under uncertainty that runs in Microsoft Excel. The DecisionTools Suite includes @RISK, which adds risk analysis to Excel using Monte Carlo simulation, PrecisonTree for visual decision tree analysis, TopRank for what-if analysis, NeuralTools and StatTools for data analysis, and
TY - JOUR. T1 - Development and validation of a clinical prediction rule for breast cancer. T2 - British Journal of General Practice. AU - McCowan,Colin. AU - Fahey,Tom. AU - Little,Paul. PY - 2011/6. Y1 - 2011/6. U2 - 10.3399/bjgp11X572670. DO - 10.3399/bjgp11X572670. M3 - Letter. VL - 61. SP - 382. EP - 382. JO - British Journal of General Practice. JF - British Journal of General Practice. SN - 0960-1643. IS - 587. ER - ...
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and life-threatening medical condition with non-specific clinical presentation. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CT-PA) has been the diagnostic modality of choice, but its use is not without risks. Clinical decision rules have been established for the use of diagnostic modalities for patients with suspected PE. This study aims to assess the adherence of physicians to the diagnostic algorithms and rules. A retrospective observational study examining the utilization of CT-PA in the Emergency Department of King Fahd Hospital of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University for patients with suspected PE from May 2016 to December 2019. The electronic health records were used to collect the data, including background demographic data, clinical presentation, triage vital signs, D-dimer level (if ordered), risk factors for PE, and the CT-PA findings. The Wells score and pulmonary embolism rule-out (PERC) criteria were calculated retrospectively without knowledge of the
Abstract: This talk presents suffcient conditions for the existence of stationary optimal policies for average-cost Markov Decision Processes with Borel state and action sets and with weakly continuous transition probabilities. The one-step cost functions may be unbounded, and the action sets may be noncompact. The main contributions of this paper are: (i) general sufficient conditions for the existence of stationary discount-optimal and average-cost optimal policies and descriptions of properties of value functions and sets of optimal actions, (ii) a sufficient condition for the average-cost optimality of a stationary policy in the form of optimality inequalities, and (iii) approximations of average-cost optimal actions by discount-optimal actions ...
03/14/19 - We consider the recently proposed reinforcement learning (RL) framework of Contextual Markov Decision Processes (CMDP), where the ...
Ellibs Ebookstore - Ebook: Markov Decision Processes: Discrete Stochastic Dynamic Programming - Author: Puterman, Martin L. - Price: 122,75€
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TY - JOUR. T1 - A Decision Analytic Method for Scoring Performance on Computer-Based Patient Simulations. AU - Downs, Stephen. AU - Friedman, Charles P.. AU - Marasigan, Farah. AU - Gartner, Gary. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - As computer based clinical case simulations become increasingly popular for training and evaluating clinicians, approaches are needed to evaluate a trainees or examinees solution of the simulated cases. We developed a decision analytic approach to scoring performance on computerized patient case simulations. We developed decision models for computerized patient case simulations in four specific domains in the field of infectious disease. The decision models were represented as influence diagrams. A single decision node represents the possible diagnoses the user may make. One chance node represents a probability distribution over the set of competing diagnoses in the simulations. The value node contains the utilities associated with all possible combinations of diagnosis and ...
The stochastic models of systems with reverse logistics usually assume that the quantity of products returned is independent of sales. This hypothesis is obviously not true and can lead to suboptimal production policies. In this paper a new sales-dependent returns model is described. In this model, the returns depend on the useful life of the products sold and on the probability of an end-of-life product being returned. A Markov decision problem is formulated in order to obtain the optimal manufacturing policy. A numerical example is provided to illustrate the use of the defined model. An approximated Markov decision model is defined where the optimal policy is easily obtained. The optimal policies of the original and the approximated models are compared ...
A Mashup Application to Support Complex Decision Making for Retail Consumers: 10.4018/jisss.2010100103: Purchase processes often require complex decision making and consumers frequently use Web information sources to support these decisions. However, increasing
This useful handbook provides a concise compilation of the evidence supporting diagnostic testing and clinical decision rules in emergency care.
This page contains the abstract A Theoretical Model For The Development Of A Diagnosis-based Clinical Decision Rule For The Management Of Patients With Spinal Pain
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BMC Health Services Research (Accessed 9 December 2017) Research article Cost-effectiveness of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination in Nigeria: a decision analysis using pragmatic parameter estimates for cost and programme coverage Authors: Obinna I. Ekwunife and Stefan K. Lhachimi Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2017 17:815 Published on: 8 December 2017 Abstract Background World…
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Location: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. The workshop is free. However registration is required.. This workshop will be highly interactive. Workshop instructors will describe core concepts of shared decision making using a seminar format and group based activities to ensure transmission of the needed information, they will also provide hands‐on for participants for improving quality of learning. For example, participants will have the opportunity to evaluate a sample decision support intervention using standard internationally recognized criteria.. Background: Shared decision making (SDM) is a collaborative process that allows patients and clinicians to make this difficult decision together, taking into account the best evidence available as well as the patients values and preferences. Patients who participate in decisions about their health have better experiences, better outcomes and get better value for money. However, for clinicians to engage patients in SDM, they need new skills ...
Project Risk Management, Project Decision Analysis, Project Risk Analysis, Event Chain Methodology, Psychology of Project Management
An interactive decision dashboard format developed by researchers with the University of Rochester (N.Y.) School of Medicine & Dentistry can be adapted to create a clinically realistic prototype patient decision aid, according to an article published this week inBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. Such findings, the researchers say, represent the potential of interactive decision dashboards for fostering informed decision making.
OBJECTIVE : Our purpose was to compare the risks and benefits of subtotal supracervical hysterectomy with those of total hysterectomy in women at low risk for cervical cancer. STUDY DESIGN : A decision analysis was performed. Baseline probabilities for operative and postoperative morbidity, mortality, and long-term quality of life were...
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The analytic network process (ANP) is a more general form of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) used in multi-criteria decision analysis. AHP structures a decision problem into a hierarchy with a goal, decision criteria, and alternatives, while the ANP structures it as a network. Both then use a system of pairwise comparisons to measure the weights of the components of the structure, and finally to rank the alternatives in the decision. In the AHP, each element in the hierarchy is considered to be independent of all the others-the decision criteria are considered to be independent of one another, and the alternatives are considered to be independent of the decision criteria and of each other. But in many real-world cases, there is interdependence among the items and the alternatives. ANP does not require independence among elements, so it can be used as an effective tool in these cases. To illustrate this, consider a simple decision about buying an automobile. The decision maker may want to ...
As a result of COVID-19, has your decision model for front-line therapy changed for patients with multiple myeloma who are either transplant-eligible or ineligible? Recorded April 24, 2020.. ...
Our study is the first to assess faculty attitudes, needs, and practice experiences with H/NP before and after implementing a solution to the H/NP needs that clinicians face. Furthermore, we are only the second group to explore physician acceptance, experiences, and knowledge of dietary supplements within an academic medical center [8, 13, 18].. Based upon responses obtained by our surveys, at our medical center, the NMCD tool appeared to be of greatest relevance to FCM providers. The openness and interest of FCM clinicians to nontraditional therapeutic alternatives may reflect a philosophical difference between FCM and other specialties, as this group of physicians tends to place great emphasis on developing, nurturing, and maintaining patient-centered relationships. Therefore, rather than simply disavowing use of all dietary supplements, it is important for FCM physicians to know about these alternatives in order to foster patient relationships. In contrast, our data found that our Med ...
This paper describes the development of a tree-based decision model to predict the severity of pediatric asthma exacerbations in the emergency department (ED) at 2 h following triage. The model was...
Physicians fear missing cases of pneumonia and treat many patients with signs of respiratory infection unnecessarily with antibiotics. This is an avoidable cause for the increasing worldwide problem of antibiotic resistance. We developed a user-friendly decision aid to rule out pneumonia and thus reduce the rate of needless prescriptions of antibiotics. This was a prospective cohort study in which we enrolled patients older than 18 years with a new or worsened cough and fever without serious co-morbidities. Physicians recorded results of a standardized medical history and physical examination. C-reactive protein was measured and chest radiographs were obtained. We used Classification and Regression Trees to derive the decision tool. A total of 621 consenting eligible patients were studied, 598 were attending a primary care facility, were 48 years on average and 50% were male. Radiographic signs for pneumonia were present in 127 (20.5%) of patients. Antibiotics were prescribed to 234 (48.3%) of patients
A common misperception is that shared decision making is synonymous with the use of decision aids. However, the core of shared decision making is a process, which might additionally use decision support tools but is not dependent on them. This process varies according to numerous factors related to the patient, clinician and other circumstances. One set of questions that can be used to guide the process is shown in Box 1. Originally phrased for use by patients,16 we have amended the wording to the clinicians perspective.. As many patients are unfamiliar with being invited to share in decision making, it may help to briefly explain the process. Outlining that they have some choices that you would like to go through with them before deciding together about the next step may reassure patients who might otherwise feel overwhelmed, uncertain or even abandoned. If the problem or diagnosis is clear, and a decision about the next step is necessary, the next step involves describing the nature of the ...
The course provides a structured approach for describing, analyzing, and finalizing decisions involving uncertainty. It introduces various decision analysis techniques and principles of designing decision support systems for carrying out sensitivity analysis. It also presents key probability and statistical techniques used in modeling and analyzing business data and providing empirical evidence for action recommendation. Topics include decision analysis techniques, descriptive and inferential statistics, one-way and two-way analysis of variance, modelling using regression analysis, times series regression, exponential smoothing and forecasting. ...
Introductory tutorials in optimization and decision support techniques". Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6940-7. ISBN 978-1- ...
Proposed solutions include management techniques and refined technology. Technology-based alternatives include decision support ... "Fighting Information Pollution with Decision Support Systems". Journal of Management Information Systems. 1 (2): 64-71. doi: ... Anything that distracts attention from the essential facts required to perform a task or make a decision could be considered an ... This can lead to information overload and to anxiety, decision paralysis and stress. It can disrupt the learning process. Some ...
"A multi-agent decision support system for stock trading." IEEE Network 16.1 (2002): 20-27. Liu, Kecheng. "Requirement ... reengineering from legacy information systems using semiotics techniques." Syst Signs Actions Int J Commun Inf Technol Work 1.1 ... In the Netherlands, he received his MSc in Decision Support Systems in 1989 at the International Institute for Aerospace Survey ...
Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4614-6940 ... decision analysis, and information value theory. These tools include models such as Markov decision processes, dynamic decision ... 600-604 Markov decision processes and dynamic decision networks: Russell & Norvig 2003, pp. 613-631 Game theory and mechanism ... 551-557 decision theory and decision analysis: Russell & Norvig 2003, pp. 584-597, Poole, Mackworth & Goebel 1998, pp. 381-394 ...
This capability distinguishes the AHP from other decision making techniques. In the final step of the process, numerical ... Decision Support Software for Rating Buildings by Historic Significance" (PDF). National Institute of Standards and Technology ... Analytic network process Arrow's impossibility theorem Decision making Decision-making paradox Decision-making software ... It is an axiom of some decision theories that when new alternatives are added to a decision problem, the ranking of the old ...
In a number of subfields, the techniques are designed primarily for optimization in dynamic contexts (that is, decision making ... Operations research also uses stochastic modeling and simulation to support improved decision-making. Increasingly, operations ... Problems formulated using this technique in the fields of physics may refer to the technique as energy minimization, speaking ... Computational optimization techniques[edit]. To solve problems, researchers may use algorithms that terminate in a finite ...
Şeref, Michelle M. H.; Ahuja, Ravindra K. & Winston, Wayne L. (2007). Developing spreadsheet-based decision support systems: ... later versions add support for class modules allowing the use of basic object-oriented programming techniques. ... Old version, no longer supported: 4.0 1993 Excel 5 Old version, no longer supported: 5.0 Only available on PowerPC-based Macs. ... Old version, no longer supported: 10.0 2003 Excel 2003 Old version, no longer supported: 11.0 Released only 1 year later to ...
Decision support systems in forest management: requirements from a participatory planning perspective. Eur J Forest Res 131, ... of specific methods and techniques that are central to the broad technique of Participatory Rural Appraisal, including but not ... Decision Support for Forest Management. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V, 2008)] "Harmonized Participatory Planning Guide ... GIS technology has also been integrated with other kinds of Information and Communications Technology such as Decision Support ...
A comprehensive management technique is called the Decision Support System (DSS). DSS outlines the complexity of actions with ... decision-support system to evaluate multi-objective forest management strategies: a case study in northeastern British Columbia ... This technique requires the management of the entire forest, rather than an isolated section in order to take into account the ... In 2015 it was reported that British Columbia forestry supports 145,800 jobs and 7000 businesses, with an annual revenue of ...
... and is typically used in bioscience exclusively for decision support purposes. Analytic techniques serve to translate ... It was considered a decision support tool that could integrate biomedical information into decision-making processes that ... An example of data integration is the use of decision support systems (DSS) based on translational bioinformatics. DSS used in ... Integrating data empowers clinician's with tools for data access, knowledge discovery, and decision support. Data integration ...
Supporting the decision maker in times of crisis.. These tasks will be conducted through a combination of individual and ... Techniques to support production, presentation, and dissemination of the results of an analysis to communicate information in ... Analytical reasoning techniques are the method by which users obtain deep insights that directly support situation assessment, ... Analytical reasoning techniques that enable users to obtain deep insights that directly support assessment, planning, and ...
Brown supported President Barack Obama's decision to send 30,000 more troops to fight in Afghanistan. He cited Stanley ... He also supported the limited use of "enhanced interrogation techniques", including waterboarding against non-citizen terrorist ... He supported funding for Planned Parenthood. In 2012, he supported the Shaheen Amendment to allow the military to provide ... "decentralized decision" to support the candidate most likely to win. Brown won a landslide victory in the Republican primary on ...
Clinical Decision Support Track - Goal: to investigate techniques for linking medical cases to information relevant for patient ... a specialization of the Clinical Decision Support track to focus on linking oncology patient data to clinical trials. Real-Time ... Techniques based on natural language processing were no better no worse than those based on vector or probabilistic approach. ... In 2009, a new billion-page web collection was introduced, and spam filtering was found to be a useful technique for ad hoc web ...
... decision trees and decision rules (1960s), and support vector machines (1990s). Data mining is the process of applying these ... The book Data mining: Practical machine learning tools and techniques with Java (which covers mostly machine learning material ... which can then be used to obtain more accurate prediction results by a decision support system. Neither the data collection, ... as well as any application of computer decision support system, including artificial intelligence (e.g., machine learning) and ...
Its members are companies who support LCA as a decision making tool. SPOLD is conducting a feasibility study on creating a ... He sees a need for new techniques to communicate LCA data ... Weidema, Bo. 'SPOLD @ 2.-0 LCA Consultants'. N.p., ...
Decision tree learning is a powerful classification technique. The tree tries to infer a split of the training data based on ... Several algorithms have been developed based on neural networks, decision trees, k-nearest neighbors, naive Bayes, support ... These types of techniques can also be called algorithm adaptation techniques. Multiclass perceptrons provide a natural ... a new learning paradigm called progressive learning technique has been developed. The progressive learning technique is capable ...
2014). Computational Intelligence for Decision Support in Cyber-Physical Systems. Studies in Computational Intelligence. ... ISBN 978-1-60566-909-0. Shawkat Ali, A. B. M.; Wasimi, Saleh A. (2007). Data mining: methods and techniques. South Melbourne, ... Computational Intelligence for Decision Support in Cyber Physical Systems, Springer, 2014, ISBN 978-981-4585-35-4. f. Smart ... ISBN 978-1-4471-5209-5. Shawkat, Ali (2012-06-30). Multidisciplinary Computational Intelligence Techniques: Applications in ...
Decision analytics: supports human decisions with visual analytics that the user models to reflect reasoning. Descriptive ... Predictive analytics: employs predictive modelling using statistical and machine learning techniques Prescriptive analytics: ... But analytics began to command more attention in the late 1960s when computers were used in decision support systems. Since ... Analytics may be used as input for human decisions or may drive fully automated decisions. Business intelligence is querying, ...
Some of these techniques discussed by Jiang, et al include: Support vector machines, neural networks, Decision trees, and many ... A large part of industry focus of implementation of AI in the healthcare sector is in the clinical decision support systems. As ... AI decision support systems become more efficient. Numerous companies are exploring the possibilities of the incorporation of ... and clinical decision support intersect". Health Policy and Technology. 1 (2): 105-14. arXiv:1204.4927. doi:10.1016/j.hlpt. ...
"Archivists are challenged to select a lasting record", Samuels says, "but they lack techniques to support this decision making ... Depending on the degree of her or his autonomy to make appraisal decisions, an archivist's role is more or less central to the ... This was in line with what Elizabeth Yakel noted in 2003: the need to re-examine old appraisal decisions, and the suggestion of ... Appraisal decisions that involve selecting individual records or groups of records for exclusion would consequently lie outside ...
... compact strain gauge spindle probe with RenGage 3D technology ScriptSwitch Limited of Coventry for prescribing decision support ... Isle of Wight for electronic product and systems design using complex digital signal processing techniques. Renishaw plc of ... Women Like Us of London N19 for supporting women with children to return to work and employers to source experienced part-time ...
The intelligent database engine supports the other two layers, often merging relational database techniques with object ... and many corporate databases include decision support tools based on sales pattern analysis. Intelligent Databases, book. ... This layer often relies on the use of artificial intelligence techniques. The user interface uses hypermedia in a form that ...
F.-C. Kuo, Z.Q. Zhou, J. Ma, and G. Zhang, "Metamorphic testing of decision support systems: A case study", IET Software 4 (4 ... MT can be applied independently, and can also be combined with other static and dynamic software analysis techniques such as ... Some examples include web services,computer graphics,embedded systems,simulation and modeling,machine learning,decision support ... Metamorphic testing (MT) is a property-based software testing technique, which can be an effective approach for addressing the ...
P. Ross, Hyper-heuristics, Search Methodologies: Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques (E. K. ... decision support system (DSS) Aan information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities. DSSs ... Decision support systems can be either fully computerized or human-powered, or a combination of both. decision theory The study ... and descriptive decision theory which analyzes how existing, possibly irrational agents actually make decisions. decision tree ...
In some businesses, pricing decisions are supported using forecasting and optimization methods executed on an as needed basis ... So few analytic techniques were used to estimate demand using price, techniques like Linear, Log-Linear Models will be used to ... to support pricing and related decisions in a variety of other settings. Yield management has been applied successfully to ... the technology used to support pricing and related decisions, using the methods described above, are standard office ...
Among these techniques there are decision trees, support vector machines, neural networks, Bayesian networks, linear ... Nowadays, there are numerous techniques to develop information filters, some of these reach error rates lower than 10% in ... discriminants, logistic regression, etc.. At present, these techniques are used in different applications, not only in the web ...
In the 1990s, NSSL developed the Warning Decision Support System, to enhance NWS warning capabilities. NSSL continues to work ... In an effort to support NWS forecasters, NSSL investigates methods and techniques to diagnose severe weather events more ... The MRMS system is the proposed operational version of the Warning Decision Support System - Integrated Information (WDSS-II) ... Warning Decision Support System: Integrated Information/NMQ), a tool that quickly combines data streams from multiple radars, ...
... such as support vector machines, neural networks, and decision trees. Each of these techniques is described as having a " ... A large part of industry focus of implementation of AI in the healthcare sector is in the clinical decision support systems. As ... AI in primary care has been used for supporting decision making, predictive modelling, and business analytics. Despite the ... Eren A, Subasi A, Coskun O (February 2008). "A decision support system for telemedicine through the mobile telecommunications ...
P. Ross, Hyper-heuristics, Search Methodologies: Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques (E. K. ... The goal is to raise the level of generality of decision support methodology perhaps at the expense of reduced - but still ... Operations Research and Decision-Support (CHORDS) Research Group, University of Stirling, UK Evolutionary Computation Research ... UK Combinatorial Optimisation and Decision Support (CODeS) Research Group, KU Leuven, Belgium Computational-Heuristics, ...
Spatial decision support systems (SDSS) take existing spatial data and use a variety of mathematical models to make projections ... Statistical techniques favor the spatial definition of objects as points because there are very few statistical techniques ... González, Ainhoa; Donnelly, Alison; Jones, Mike; Chrysoulakis, Nektarios; Lopes, Myriam (2012). "A decision-support system for ... Spatial analysis or spatial statistics includes any of the formal techniques which study entities using their topological, ...
The OpenAIRE Consortium is a Horizon 2020 (FP8) project, aimed to support the implementation of the EC and ERC Open Access ... Decision No 1110/94/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 April 1994 concerning the fourth framework programme ... Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREF). *TOCSIN project. ReferencesEdit. *^ "ISTAG website". 20 October ... Horizon 2020 supports Open access to research results,[24] in order to create greater efficiency, improve transparency and ...
Classical block codes are usually decoded using hard-decision algorithms,[6] which means that for every input and output signal ... Use of interleaving techniques increases total delay. This is because the entire interleaved block must be received before the ... AFF3CT(A Fast Forward Error Correction Toolbox): a full communication chain in C++ (many supported codes like Turbo, LDPC, ... The Viterbi decoder implements a soft-decision algorithm to demodulate digital data from an analog signal corrupted by noise. ...
This was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).)[180] In March 2009, a staff writer for the Washington Post ... "Faith Healing - Making Treatment Decisions". American Cancer Society. June 15, 2009.. *^ Aviles, Jennifer M.; Whelan, Sr Ellen ... Use of standard-of-care treatment in addition to an alternative technique being tested may produce confounded or difficult-to- ... Although the Commissioners support the provision of the most accurate information about the state of the science of all CAM ...
This article contains Khmer text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead ... Short observed that decision-making in Pol Pot's Cambodia was "unruly", making it dissimilar from the centralised, organised ... At the Ecole Technique he met Ieng Sary, who became a close friend and later a member of his government.[21] In summer 1949, ... On taking power, the Khmer Rouge spurned both the Western states and the Soviet Union as sources of support.[301] Instead, ...
... that was more elaborate than previous Acheulean techniques.[4] This technique increased efficiency by allowing the creation of ... societies may have made decisions by communal consensus decision making rather than by appointing permanent rulers such as ... This view is supported by studies of higher apes, particularly chimpanzees. Chimpanzees are the closest to humans genetically, ... Middle Paleolithic stone tool manufacturing spawned a tool making technique known as the prepared-core technique, ...
Limited evidence supports comedo extraction, but it is an option for comedones that do not improve with standard treatment.[8][ ... Bajaj L, Berman S (2011). Berman's Pediatric Decision Making. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 572. ISBN 978-0323054058. . Archived ... The Leeds acne grading technique counts acne lesions on the face, back, and chest and categorizes them as inflammatory or non- ... There is no clear evidence to support some of these claims.[1][20] Isotretinoin has been found in some studies to be superior ...
Thus, I'd say, it is THEIR decision, to treat "number" as "finite number". I just respect their (quite reasonable) decision. ... Feel free to find a verifiable source supporting your claims, if I am not to be considered as an expert. Quantum Knot (talk) 08 ... I did not use ff after all, because I didn't realize it meant 'multiple pages', and when I found references, my technique was ... Just a reminder about m:Wikimedia Community User Group Math, which any person who supports the group's goals is welcome to join ...
The amount of support for an open-source project varies highly. The available support for open-source software is predominantly ... The collaboration of people were in a group called PACT (The Project for the Advancement of Coding techniques). After passing ... " - The EU Microsoft Decision - December 2004". Retrieved 13 October 2014.. ... The open-source-software movement is a movement that supports the use of open-source licenses for some or all software, a part ...
The medical decision-making (MDM) process involves analysis and synthesis of all the above data to come up with a list of ... Since knowledge, techniques, and medical technology continue to evolve at a rapid rate, many regulatory authorities require ... of the interventions lacked sufficient evidence to support either benefit or harm.[9] ... El Dib RP, Atallah AN, Andriolo RB (August 2007). "Mapping the Cochrane evidence for decision making in health care". J Eval ...
Decisions would be made for each village by a group of these elders led by one of the trustees. This governing board was known ... Craftsmen passed their skills and techniques on from one generation to the next. They used hand, horse, wind, and water power, ... There are hotels and bed and breakfasts that support the tourist industry, as well as many independent shops, local artists and ...
They developed sophisticated techniques of hunting and managing their resources.. According to Dutch settler Isaac de Rasieres ... Texas officials were eager to gain the support of the Texas tribes to their side and offered to recognize their land claims by ... The Delaware had this decision overturned in 1996, when they were recognized by the federal government as a separate tribal ... By the time of the arrival of Europeans, the Lenape were cultivating fields of vegetation through the slash and burn technique. ...
Some packages incorrectly treat ties or fail to document asymptotic techniques (e.g., correction for continuity). A 2000 review ... then finding the proportion of pairs that support a hypothesis.[8] To illustrate, in a study with a sample of ten hares and ten ... "Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney or t-test? On assumptions for hypothesis tests and multiple interpretations of decision rules" ...
"Piccolo's Decision" / "Earth Explodes!! Piccolo's Grave Decision". Transcription: "Chikyū Bakuhatsu! Pikkoro no Jūdaina Ketsui ... Satan, Chi-Chi, and Videl also show up for support. While Majuub tries to hold off the dragon, Gohan, Goten, and Trunks give ... The battle is clearly in 17's favor, as Gero and Myuu programmed knowledge of all of Goku's techniques and abilities into him; ... Then Goku and Vegeta use the after-image technique, which distracts Omega Shenron long enough for them to do the fusion dance. ...
"Revue Scientifique et Technique. 23 (2): 569-81. doi:10.20506/rst.23.2.1503. PMID 15702720.. ... Supported by some advocacy groups, a number of class-action lawsuits were filed against GlaxoSmithKline, alleging the vaccine ... revert to normal after infection ends and therefore can be used as objective markers of treatment success and inform decisions ... OspA antigens, shed by live Borrelia bacteria into urine, are a promising technique being studied.[117] The use of nanotrap ...
The diversified technique is the most often applied technique at 93%, followed by the Activator mechanical-assisted technique ... limited to low level evidence supporting chiropractic management of shoulder pain[117] and limited or fair evidence supporting ... This culminated in a landmark 1987 decision, Wilk v. AMA, in which the court found that the AMA had engaged in unreasonable ... Diversified technique (full-spine manipulation, employing various techniques), extremity adjusting, Activator technique (which ...
The more advanced techniques of ground sluicing, hydraulic mining and dredging may be used. ... The early 1930s were marked by the decision of the Communist Party Politburo to reinstate the institution of prospectors who ... and promoted massive government spending on infrastructure to support the new arrivals who came looking for gold. While some ... At the time of the South African rush, gold production benefited from the newly discovered techniques by Scottish chemists, the ...
... heritage after Obama expressed his support for the UK to vote to remain in the European Union ahead of the UK's referendum on ... Supreme Court's 1857 Dred Scott decision denying the U. S. citizenship of any African American. To most listeners the criticism ... Political campaign techniques. *Propaganda techniques. *Political communication. Hidden categories: *Webarchive template ... as being in support of the government's position. Opposition leader reaction was swift and scathing, calling his words racist ...
Decision support system. *Process control system. *Multimedia information system. *Data mining. *Digital library ... Computer graphics studies the manipulation of visual and geometric information using computational techniques. It focuses on ...
Glia come in several types, which perform a number of critical functions, including structural support, metabolic support, ... The decision to prescribe this treatment is based on a patient's overall health, type of tumor, and extent of the cancer. The ... Minimally invasive techniques are becoming the dominant trend in neurosurgical oncology.[35] The prime remediating objective of ... Radiosurgery may be an adjunct to other treatments, or it may represent the primary treatment technique for some tumors. Forms ...
Technique and style[edit]. The primacy of imagination and intuition over the subjective character of creation was a fundamental ... Wethey and other scholars rejected the notion that Crete took any part in his formation and supported the elimination of a ... and that his catalogue decisions may have distorted the perception of the whole nature of El Greco's origins, development and ... Waldemar Januszczak (Ed), Techniques of the World's Great Painters, Chartwell, New Jersey, 1980, pp. 44-47. ...
2000). decision. Sources: *. "2164.07 Relationship of Enablement Requirement to Utility Requirement of 35 U.S.C. 101 - 2100 ... In support of their claim that nuclear reactions took place in their electrolytic cells, Fleischmann and Pons reported a ... Fleischmann and Pons and co-workers met with Jones and co-workers on occasion in Utah to share research and techniques. During ... noting that Huggin's heat measurements lent some support but that he had not checked for radiation, and also emphasizing that ...
Raising awareness: government supporting Buddhism]. Thai Rath (in Thai). Wacharapol. 8 February 2012. p. 15. Retrieved 2 ... In this beginning period, Maechi Chandra still had an important role in fundraising and decision-making. During the years to ... whatever technique someone might use to meditate, the mind can only attain to a higher level through this center, which Luang ... Since 1984, the number of people joining the ceremonies of the temple exceeded its capacity and prompted the decision to expand ...
In 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 decision in AT&T Mobility v. Concepcion that the Federal Arbitration Act of 1925 ... This technique, soon labelled as "class action Austrian style", allows for a significant reduction of overall costs. The ... alma maters and several groups already supported by defendant Google) a share of $6 million rather than any monetary award to ... Decisions of the Indian Supreme Court in the 1980s loosened strict locus standi requirements to permit the filing of suits on ...
There are different supported versions of the IBM Domino server that are supported on the various levels of server operating ... IBM was internally facing a few decisions about the new releases in 2012. Two versions, 8.5.4 and 9.0, were developing ... "Techniques to Not Send a Return Receipt When Viewing Mail".. *^ "KillNotes".. *^ Official history of Lotus Notes IBM ... Added IMAP support. OS/2 and Unix client support dropped. No Mac client for this particular release.. ...
Her 1947 paper, Divergent-Beam X-Ray Photography of Crystals,[23] built on earlier work to show how this nuanced technique ... But the members could, if they desired, consult the original paper in full.[3] Once the decision to print had been taken, the ... to support Aaron Swartz in his case. The articles had been digitized for the Royal Society by JSTOR for a cost of less than US$ ... Hodgkin used advanced techniques to crystallize proteins, allowing their structures to be elucidated by X-ray crystallography, ...
... this one-time support group showed that sing-alongs can be powerful in providing support and connectedness in a group, ... Grocke, D. & Wigram, T. (2007). Receptive methods in music therapy: Techniques and clinical applications for music therapy ... With the definition of evidence-based health care as "the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about ... Grocke, Denise; Wigram, Tony (2007). Receptive Methods in Music Therapy : Techniques and Clinical Applications for Music ...
Chen, King C. (1987). China's War With Vietnam, 1979: Issues, Decisions, and Implications. Hoover Press. ISBN 0817985727. . ... The tale is supported by many vestiges, relics, and place names in Cao Bằng Province. The assumption about his origin as a ... "Employing the techniques Hitler used to inflame hatred against the Jews" as reported by the U.S. News and World Report's Ray ... The huge materials supply system ensured maximum support for ethnic Chinese entrepreneurs for whatever goods and services they ...
Is not a single technique, rather it is a set of techniques used for a specific purpose ... The type of savings and its location can affect the way consumers view a product and affect their purchase decision.[2] The two ... to carry the product or brand or to support the retailer in consumer-oriented promotions. Consumer sales promotion types[edit] ... Trade sales promotion techniques[edit]. *Trade allowances: short term incentive offered to induce a retailer to stock up on a ...
The children often make an active decision to stay in attendance while a community activity is taking place to observe and ... The human-raised monkeys exhibited the greatest learning with the specific tool use technique they saw. Only monkeys who saw ... The emphasis of keen observation in favor of supporting participation in ongoing activities strives to aid children to learn ... In experiment 2, mother-raised monkeys viewed similar techniques demonstrated by monkey models. A control group in each ...
Unlike other Yoga practices Integral yoga does not propose any kind of physical asanas, breathing techniques or external ... conceptualizing and decision-making processes, and is transformed, widened, and spiritualised through the practice of Integral ... the permanent being in us that stands behind and supports the physical, vital and mental principles. It "uses mind, life and ... holding only those conclusions to be valid which were supported by the text. This trend of reason eventually led to conflicting ...
Supported decision-making and advance planning: WHO QualityRights Specialized training: course guide  ... Browsing Publications by Subject "Decision Support Techniques". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. ... Tools for decision-making in public health : report of the fourth Futures Forum for High-level Decision-Makers, Brussels, ... Futures Forum for High-level Decision-Makers; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎Copenhagen : WHO Regional ... The Fourth Futures Forum brought together decision-makers and senior advisers from 14 western European countries. The focus of ...
"Decision Support Techniques" by people in this website by year, and whether "Decision Support Techniques" was a major or minor ... "Decision Support Techniques" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH ( ... Decision Support Techniques*Decision Support Techniques. *Decision Support Technique. *Technique, Decision Support ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Decision Support Techniques" by people in Profiles. ...
Clinical Decision Support System. 1491 Words , 6 Pages. Abstract- Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS), with various data ... a clinical decision support system provide assistance to the provider enabling him/her to make decisions. The clinical decision ... As more clinical decision support systems are used, the patient will receive the best ... The advantages of clinical decision support system include not only improving diagnosis accuracy but also reducing diagnosis ...
Results of search for su:{Decision support techniques.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis : methods for quantitative synthesis in medicine / Diana B. ... Prevention effectiveness : a guide to decision analysis and economic evaluation / edited by Anne C. Haddix ... [et al.]. by ... Systematic reviews : synthesis of best evidence for health care decisions / edited by Cynthia Mulrow, Deborah Cook.. by Mulrow ...
A Drug Decision Support System for Developing A Successful Drug Candidate Using Machine Learning Techniques.. Onay A1, Onay M2. ... In this work we developed a Drug Decision Support System (DDSS), in which these tools are used to induce classification models ... cardiovascular drugs; data mining; decision trees; ADRIANA.Code; drug discovery process; frequent subgraph mining; nervous ...
A decision maker normally has to take into consideration a number of alternatives, which often conflict with one another, ... Decision making is a multi-faceted and challenging, yet important task. ... Modelling and Design Techniques for Intelligent Decision Support Systems. * Front Matter Pages 1-1 ... decision support systems have been developed to provide assistance in human decision making processes. The key to decision ...
Business Intelligence Roadmap: The Complete Project Lifecycle for Decision-Support Applications *By Larissa T. Moss, Shaku Atre ... Business Intelligence Roadmap is a visual guide to developing an effective business intelligence (BI) decision-support ... guide to negotiating the complexities inherent in the development of valuable business intelligence decision-support ...
Decision-Support Summary Data 617. Database Schema/Data Models 618. Metadata 623 ... Data Mining Techniques, Third Edition covers a new data mining technique with each successive chapter and then demonstrates how ... Touches on core data mining techniques, including decision trees, neural networks, collaborative filtering, association rules, ... Covers a new data mining technique in every chapter along with clear, concise explanations on how to apply each technique ...
Decision Support Techniques. Electronic Health Records. Reminder Systems. Early Detection of Cancer. Mammography. Women. ... alert from SEBASTIAN decision support system. Other: SEBASTIAN Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) SEBASTIAN is an example ... SEBASTIAN is a clinical decision support Web service whose interface is now the basis of the HL7 Decision Support Service draft ... health-care organizations are increasingly turning to clinical decision support systems. A clinical decision-support system is ...
Decision Support Techniques * Decision Trees * Drug Costs * Electrodes / economics* * Equipment Design * Health Care Costs* ...
Decision Support Techniques* * Dyspnea / epidemiology * Echocardiography * Evidence-Based Medicine / methods* * Exercise Test* ...
Problem solving tools and techniques · Decision-making process. · Strategic planning. · Data analysis to support decision- ... Evaluating decisions · Fostering creativity. · Introduction to design thinking. · Innovation tools and techniques. ... The role of finance in planning and decision-making.. *MG1848: Introduction to Management and Managing Yourself (10 credits). ... You will need access to a laptop or desktop computer running a modern supported operating system with all software updates. ...
Firstly, the goal of educating the reader by giving an insight into the wealth of computing and mathematical techniques now ... ... Computer Aided Decision Support in Telecommunications. [P G Flavin; K A E Totton] -- In bringing together this book, the ... 1 An overview of computer aided decision support --. 2 Data mining applications --. 3 Data mining --. tools and techniques --. ... 12 An introduction to group decision making and group decision-support systems.. ...
Decision Making [‎38]‎. Decision Making, Organizational [‎3]‎. Decision Support Techniques [‎8]‎. Decontamination [‎1]‎. ...
Does your site need streaming media? Web Techniques. 2002 Feb. (2) p. 15-18 URL: ... The site offers decision-support modules (called Health Decision Guides) on early-stage breast cancer [29], herniated disks [30 ... Online community network. CHESS is the only Web-based decision-support tool reviewed that offers a community or social support ... Conclusions: Consumers trying to make health care decisions may benefit from current Web-based decision-support tools. But, ...
Recommendation and Decision Support Techniques for Groups Thi Ngoc Trang Tran. 17 December 2019, 15:00. SR IST, Inffeldgasse ...
... bio-inspired optimization techniques; multi-criteria methods for economic decision support; port scheduling models and ... multivariate techniques for mixed-type data, functional data analysis and she has published numerous papers on these topics in ... and was co-director of the Master in Quantitative Techniques for the Insurance Sector and vice-director of the Department of ... multivariate techniques for financial markets analysis; optimization in insurance; pricing; probability in actuarial sciences, ...
It introduces a way to support user participation. This paper also... ... We explore the idea of integrated physically based manipulation and decision-making tree for navigation to support design ... This paper also proposes and validates a framework which combines several techniques to aid user to make decisions. We hope ... We explore the idea of integrated physically based manipulation and decision-making tree for navigation to support design ...
Decision Support Techniques • Feedback • Humans • Hybrid systems • Information Theory • Intelligent systems for criminal ... Decision-making processes are automated based on concepts drawn from control theory and the life sciences. Recent efforts have ...
Decision Making. *Decision Support Techniques. *Dissemination. *Education/Medical. *Evaluation Methods. *Evidence-Based ... and specifically clinical decision support systems (CDSSs), are tools that can support the process of KT in the delivery of ... Bullard, M.J., Graham, T.A., Holroyd, B.R., & Rowe, B.H. (2007). Decision support technology in knowledge translation. Academic ... The integration of KT into clinical practice, and the impact of delivering electronic clinical decision-support, requires ...
Decision Support Techniques • Hypersensitivity, Delayed • Insulin • Sex Characteristics • Intestinal Absorption • Informed ... Decision Making • Patient Selection • Withholding Treatment • Viral Vaccines • Urinary Bladder • Environmental Monitoring • ...
The technique is available with computer support for more complex problems, and is useful for a variety of situations, where a ... 4.4.6. IT infrastructure and decision support systems Christopher and Lee [2004] identified the two main elements of the supply ... TECHNIQUES FOR SUPPLY CHAIN MODELLING Four techniques are commonly used to model the supply chain for problem-solving; linear ... extranets and decision support systems including ERP, supply chain management software, and the collaborative hub concept of WP ...
... methods and techniques for decision support; applied contexts; and linking and informing agendas… Each of the chapters mines ... Maximising Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Benefits in Conservation Decision-making Hedley S. Grantham, Rosimeiry Portela, ... It is an authoritative reference text written in easy to read sections that is essential reading for academics, decision-makers ... so that the environment can be better taken into account in decision making. The significance of the ecosystem service paradigm ...
Spatial decision support systems ... Techniques for geographical representation; Integrated ... Spatial decisions and urban planners; Maps and demographic uncertainty for demographic; Emotional maps and Smart Cities ... decisions; End-User centered flood evacuation maps; Noise maps; Avalanche hazard maps; Location data and privacy; Scientific ...
Decision Support Technique. Physician-Patient Relations. Prevention and Control. Additional relevant MeSH terms: ... The Impact of Patient Involvement in Decision-Making About Heart Disease Prevention. The safety and scientific validity of this ... Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about ... The impact of a decision aid about heart disease prevention on patients discussions with their doctor and their plans for ...
Middle Mississippi River decision support system: users manual; 2005; TM; 6-C1; Book 6. Modeling Techniques, Section C. ... Decision Support Systems A Decision Support System (DSS) can be defined in many ways. The working definition the Upper Midwest ... Decision support system development at the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center. A Decision Support System (DSS) can be ... Development a spatial Decision Support System (DSS) in support of the conservation goals of the Eastern Tallgrass Prairies ( ...
exp Decision-Support-Techniques/. 43. exp Medical Informatics/. 44. exp Computer-Systems/ ... Computer-based DCU, assessment, feedback, and decision-making modules; single session can take up to 90 min to complete with ... Editors: No access to your user account to assign reviewers or make decisions. ... There is a large body of research to support the effectiveness of opportunistic screening and brief intervention (SBI) in ...
Decision Support Techniques. Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used ... Decision Trees. A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches ( ... The PAANTHER TB treatment decision algorithm will be used for a TB treatment decision by site clinicians in all children ... Validation of a Quantra Supported Hemotherapy Algorithm in Cardiac Surgery. The aim of this study is to develop a coagulation ...
  • In this paper, we have given the CDSS with some advance technologies like Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier has offered many advantages over the traditional healthcare systems and opens a new way for clinicians to predict patient's diseases. (
  • To cope with the challenges of decision making, decision support systems have been developed to provide assistance in human decision making processes. (
  • The key to decision support systems is to collect information/data, analyse the information/data collected, and subsequently make quality and informed decisions. (
  • The main aim of this research handbook is to present a small fraction of techniques stemmed from artificial intelligence, as well as other complementary methodologies, that are useful for developing intelligent decision support systems. (
  • In addition, application examples on how the intelligent decision support systems can be deployed to undertake decision making problems in a variety of domains are presented. (
  • however, few studies have documented direct clinical benefit resulting from the increased screening promoted by clinical decision support systems. (
  • To address these deficiencies in care, health-care organizations are increasingly turning to clinical decision support systems. (
  • Firstly, the goal of educating the reader by giving an insight into the wealth of computing and mathematical techniques now being used to build decision support systems. (
  • The quintessence of decision support systems is that they are designed to assist people in establishing the best course of action in a given situation but not to automate or tell them prescriptively how to achieve a goal. (
  • 12 An introduction to group decision making and group decision-support systems. (
  • Chien, S.-F.: Supporting information navigation in generative design systems, PhD Dissertation in Architecture. (
  • Lately my focus has been on the creation of web-enabled decision support systems. (
  • Furthermore, "if we want safer, higher-quality care, we will need to have redesigned systems of care, including the use of information technology to support clinical and administrative processes" (IOM, 2001). (
  • I have done research in the areas of database management systems, signal and image processing and decision support systems. (
  • He has done research in the areas of databases, signal processing, image processing, decision support systems and education. (
  • This paper presents a conceptual framework to operationalize flow-ecology relationships into decision-support systems of practical use to water-resource managers, who are commonly tasked with balancing multiple competing socioeconomic and environmental priorities. (
  • The use of database systems in supporting applications that employ query based report generation continues to be the main traditional use of this technology. (
  • Computerized order entry/decision support systems: Effective solution to managing imaging u. (
  • Finally, we review the literature in computer-based decision-support systems, and draw conclusions about their effects on aspects of quality. (
  • It employs a blend of theoretical concepts, hands-on tools, and actual case studies to train students to identify business problems and opportunities, analyze business processes, and develop and implement information systems to support them. (
  • Given the enormous scale of the problem, and the fact that such a large percentage of T2DM cases arise due to an unhealthy lifestyle, personalized care systems that include innovative self-management support strategies, well-linked to the medical care of patients, are of prime importance. (
  • Artificial Intelligence techniques for building cognitive agents and decision support systems are presented. (
  • In addition, various models needed to design and build such systems are discussed, including cognitive architectures, mental models, decision making, and strategic interaction. (
  • In such an ever-evolving environment the practitioners, educators, researchers and professionals of a discipline need access to the most current information about the methodologies, concepts, issues, trends, tools and techniques in systems analysis and design. (
  • This book explores various applications of deep learning-oriented diagnosis leading to decision support, while also outlining the future face of medical decision support systems. (
  • Accordingly, the objective of this book is to provide the essentials of and highlight recent applications of deep learning architectures for medical decision support systems. (
  • Among his research areas was the application of mathematical techniques to the description of biological systems. (
  • Fault tolerant systems (on-line testing techniques, checkers, dependability models, partial dynamic reconfiguration based on an FPGA, overload prevention solutions for embedded systems). (
  • The objectives of IJDATS are to promote discussions, deliberations and debates on different data analysis principles, architectures, techniques, methodologies, models, as well as the appropriate strategies and applications for various decision-making environments. (
  • The advantages of clinical decision support system include not only improving diagnosis accuracy but also reducing diagnosis time. (
  • Based on application, the market is segmented into computer-aided diagnosis, clinical decision support, quantitative analysis tools, and computer-aided detection. (
  • METHODS/DESIGN: 350 men per condition (700 men in total) have been recruited after diagnosis and before treatment through urology private practices and hospital outpatient clinics and randomised to 1) a tele-based nurse delivered five session decision support/psychosocial intervention or 2) a usual care control group. (
  • The Building Dementia Practice series is designed to improve your knowledge, skills and confidence in dementia practice and provide you with tools and resources to work collaboratively in supporting a timely diagnosis of dementia in primary care. (
  • The online learning module will encourage you to lead practice change by following newly developed dementia practice guidelines that promote an evidence based approach to dementia detection, diagnosis and support in a primary care setting. (
  • I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? (
  • A comparison of classifiers in biomedical signal processing as a decision support system in disc hernia diagnosis. (
  • Artificial intelligence in radiology market report is segmented on the basis of radiology type, application, technique and region & country level. (
  • Based upon technique, artificial intelligence in radiology market is segmented into x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, potential emission tomography (PET) and others. (
  • AI (Artificial Intelligence) techniques that are discussed in this course are knowledge representation and reasoning techniques, and multi-agent technology. (
  • Door middel van dit project leren studenten de concepten en technieken die zij in het college Logic-Based Artificial Intelligence hebben geleerd in de praktijk toe te passen. (
  • Artificial intelligence has now become a ubiquitous aspect of modern life, and especially machine learning enjoysgreat popularity, since it offers techniques that are capable of learning from samples to solve newly encountered cases. (
  • The book canbe used as a reference work to support courses on artificial intelligence, machine/deep learning, medical and biomedicaleducation. (
  • Contact monitoring techniques, such as electrocardiogram (EEG) ,pulse oximeter, catheters and respiration belts, are the most existing methods of measuring the vital signs of the patients. (
  • Next, videos recordings were processing by a graphical interface There are, also, further researches, which demonstrated non contact monitoring techniques for the measurement of the heart rate [], but in this study, it was decided to emphasize in the two methods, which were previously outlined. (
  • Meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis : methods for quantitative synthesis in medicine / Diana B. Petitti. (
  • This new edition-more than 50% new and revised- is a significant update from the previous one, and shows you how to harness the newest data mining methods and techniques to solve common business problems. (
  • Methods: We conducted a pilot randomized trial in a convenience sample of adults with no previous history of cardiovascular disease to test the effectiveness of an individually-tailored, computerized decision aid about CHD prevention against a risk factor list that patients could present to their doctor. (
  • METHODS: We constructed a Markov decision analytic model that incorporates maternal well-being and fetal outcome into a choice between nonoperative management (NM) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for pregnant women with biliary tract disease (BTD). (
  • This mixed methods study examined use of a web-based shared decision-making p. (
  • Environmental Modelling and Software Best Paper Award: Generic Modelling and/or Software Methods for " Management Option Rank Equivalence (MORE) - A New Method of Sensitivity Analysis for Decision-Making " by J.K. Ravalico, G.C. Dandy and H.R. Maier, 2010. (
  • U.S. Geological Survey, 2018, Lakes and reservoirs-Guidelines for study design and sampling: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 9, chap. (
  • Therefore, the main objective of this special issue is to collect and consolidate innovative and high-quality research contributions regarding scientific programing techniques and algorithms applied to the enhancement and improvement of engineering methods to develop real and sustainable data-intensive science and engineering environments. (
  • The decision support shell would provide decision support through a structured process consisting of building the hierarchy between the main criteria and the suggested controls, rating the controls, and analyzing the controls for selection through multiple analytical techniques. (
  • Visual analytics is especially concerned with coupling interactive visual representations with underlying analytical processes (e.g., statistical procedures, data mining techniques) such that high-level, complex activities can be effectively performed (e.g., sense making, reasoning, decision making). (
  • Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. (
  • The popularity of the IBM PC, the availability of other statistical analysis tools for it, and its ever-increasing power have made support for these other platforms unnecessary. (
  • Students gain skills in statistical and computational thinking, and their practical application to real-world, data-driven problem solving and decision making.The course teaches important concepts and skills in both statistical reasoning and computer programming for the purpose of analyzing real-world datasets. (
  • Management Core : Statistical concepts and methodology, their application to managerial decision-making, real-life data, problem-solving and spreadsheet modeling. (
  • This situation implies the rethinking and application of innovative scientific programming techniques for numerical, scientific, and engineering computation on top of well-defined hardware and software architectures. (
  • Kansmodellen en fuzzy logic stellen ons in staat ook met onzekere, onvolledige en onnauwkeurige gegevens te redeneren. (
  • He is also developing applications of fuzzy logic to support legal and regulatory decision making. (
  • Natural resource assessment and decision support tools for bird conservation planning. (
  • Current Computer-Aided Drug Design aims to publish all the latest developments in drug design based on computational techniques. (
  • In addition to be able to apply knowledge in visualization, data management, decision support and user interfaces gained during earlier studies, the students have the opportunity to get insight in the workings of an elite sports team in Sweden. (
  • Visual analytics has some overlapping goals and techniques with information visualization and scientific visualization . (
  • Visual analytics seeks to marry techniques from information visualization with techniques from computational transformation and analysis of data. (
  • These capabilities of information visualization, combined with computational data analysis, can be applied to analytic reasoning to support the sense-making process. (
  • Abstract- Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS), with various data mining techniques being applied to assist physicians in diagnosing patient disease with similar symptoms, has received a great attention recently. (
  • A Drug Decision Support System for Developing A Successful Drug Candidate Using Machine Learning Techniques. (
  • In this work we developed a Drug Decision Support System (DDSS), in which these tools are used to induce classification models, association rules and subgraph patterns. (
  • A clinical decision-support system is any computer program designed to help health-care professionals to make clinical decisions. (
  • In a sense, any computer system that deals with clinical data or knowledge is intended to provide decision support. (
  • The aim of this study is to show the efficacy of a decision-support system as a strategy for improving the performance of the mammography care process and the detection of significantly more breast cancer. (
  • Implementation and Use of a Client-Facing Web-Based Shared Decision-Making System (MyCHOIS-CommonGround) in Two Specialty Mental Health Clinics. (
  • Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision. (
  • The KBDSS would assist project managers by providing accurate and timely information for decision-making, and a user-friendly system for analyzing and selecting the controls for variation orders for institutional buildings. (
  • View the International Journal of Decision Support System Technology (IJDSST) home page for complete details. (
  • A computerized provider order entry/decision support system that prov. (
  • Providing physicians with a computerized order entry/decision support system that provides immediate feedback regarding imaging appropriateness at the time of ordering may be an effective solution to managing imaging utilization, according to an article in the December issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology , (JACR, ). (
  • A computerized provider order entry/decision support system that provides immediate feedback about appropriateness at the time of ordering is an education-focused method of utilization management. (
  • In this project the aim is to implement a decision support system that helps sports teams to analyze data relevant for scouting purposes. (
  • The main objective of POWER2DM is to develop and validate a personalized self-management support system (SMSS) for T1 and T2 diabetes patients that combines and integrates (1) a decision support system (DSS) based on leading European predictive personalized models for diabetes interlinked with predictive computer models, (2) automated e-coaching functionalities based on Behavioural Change Theories, and (3) real-time Personal Data processing and interpretation. (
  • The POWER2DM Shared Decision Making Application (SDMA), the POWER2DM Mobile App and the POWER2DM web application were developed with functionalities that were continuously expanded in the successive prototype system releases. (
  • She has been a member of several scientific committees of international conferences, and was co-director of the Master in Quantitative Techniques for the Insurance Sector and vice-director of the Department of Statistics at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. (
  • Certainly, quantitative data analysis techniques are very important. (
  • We propose a software package that combines recent advances in several pattern recognition techniques, including neural networks, multivariate statistics and model-based reasoning. (
  • What is the value of these techniques for current clinical practice? (
  • AI is used in medical field as clinical decision support and information management (for both physician as well as patients) and can modify the practice of radiology in processes such as detection & prioritization, monitoring & registration, image acquisition and reporting. (
  • Shared decision-making in general practice: an observational study comparing 2007 with 2015. (
  • Even though medical knowledge is increasing very rapidly, the diffusion of medical knowledge into practice has been limited by the absence of decision support at the point of care. (
  • Imaging exams are increasingly replacing more invasive, and often more costly, diagnostic techniques, and have redefined medical practice as a safer, less invasive and more accurate means of collecting diagnostic information," said Kathryn Keysor, Senior Health Policy Administrator for the American College of Radiology. (
  • This course by the Association for Safe Aseptic Technique (ASAP) provides official accreditation for ANTT theory applied to clinical practice. (
  • Inform Decision Making with Marketing Analytics. (
  • Visual analytics integrates new computational and theory-based tools with innovative interactive techniques and visual representations to enable human-information discourse. (
  • Discover the predictive modeling process and how to apply tools and techniques for performing predictive analytics. (
  • We undertook this study to test the effectiveness of an individually-tailored, computerized decision aid about CHD on patients' discussions with their doctor and their plans for CHD prevention. (
  • Determine the effectiveness of an electronic self-administered pre-visit planning tool allowing adolescents to list areas of concern to support shared decision-making and communication dur. (
  • We provide expectations of the effectiveness of these strategies with different degrees of computerized support. (
  • Control processes using predictive modeling techniques - e.g., neural networking, regression analysis and clustering. (
  • Decision-making processes are automated based on concepts drawn from control theory and the life sciences. (
  • The ANRS 12229 PAANTHER 01 (Pediatric Asian African Network for Tuberculosis and HIV Research) study, which enrolled 438 HIV-infected children of median age 7.3 (IQR: 3.3 - 9.7) years with presumptive TB in four countries (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cambodia, Vietnam) from 2011 to 2014, aimed at developing a diagnostic prediction score and algorithm for TB treatment decision in HIV-infected children. (
  • Over the past decade, health care consumers have begun to benefit from new Web-based communications tools to guide decision making on treatments and tests. (
  • To review currently-available Internet consumer health decision-support tools. (
  • Consumers trying to make health care decisions may benefit from current Web-based decision-support tools. (
  • Key research questions are identified that could help in the development of new hybrid patient decision-support tools. (
  • However, while it is possible that this research overlooked a new Web site, I did not find any current health-related Web site that offers consumer health decision-support tools using all of the Web features described. (
  • 1. This document is classified as VIVACE Public STATE-OF-THE-ART REVIEW TECHNIQUES TO MODEL THE SUPPLY CHAIN IN AN EXTENDED ENTERPRISE by Chang-Seop Kim, James Tannock, Mike Byrne Richard Farr, Bing Cao, Mahendrawathi Er Operations Management Division University of Nottingham Abstract: This document describes how simulation tools might be applied to investigate logistics at both the extended enterprise level, and the internal, company level. (
  • The state of the art in clinical knowledge management: an inventory of tools and techniques. (
  • The USGS Flood Inundation Mapping (FIM) Program helps communities protect lives and property by providing tools and information to help them understand their local flood risks and make cost-effective mitigation decisions. (
  • Creating decision support tools that include economic and public health considerations while comparing water infrastructure approaches. (
  • The design of the tools and techniques is based on cognitive , design , and perceptual principles. (
  • Cognitive studies demonstrated human beings can process only limited information before the quality of their decisions begins to deteriorate. (
  • New approaches are being developed and new ways of utilizing older and new techniques are being constantly reviewed. (
  • Head Detection of the Car Occupant Based on Contour Models and Support Vector Machines. (
  • The investigators hypothesize that implementation of a shared decision making care plan for prophylactic treatment will help therapeutic adherence of bipolar patients. (
  • Bushfire and Natural Hazard CRC Outstanding Achievement in Research Award for Economics and Strategic Decisions Cluster as Cluster Research Leader, 2017. (
  • DISCUSSION: The study will provide recommendations about the efficacy of early decision support to facilitate adjustment after prostate cancer. (
  • SEBASTIAN is an example of a clinical decision support technology that supports the latest, service-based architectural approach to CDSS implementation. (
  • Regression, analysis of variance and decision analysis are then utilized to analyze data and support decision making. (
  • Business Intelligence Roadmap is a visual guide to developing an effective business intelligence (BI) decision-support application. (
  • This volume, second in the series, provides essential background material for policy analysts, researchers, statisticians, and others interested in the application of microsimulation techniques to develop estimates of the costs and population impacts of proposed changes in government policies ranging from welfare to retirement income to health care to taxes. (
  • This course focuses on the application of moral principles and models for ethical decision making to individuals and businesses in the 21st century. (
  • Her research interests are mainly in goodness-of-fit, multivariate techniques for mixed-type data, functional data analysis and she has published numerous papers on these topics in international journals. (
  • Developed in tertiary research-experienced health facilities, the PAANTHER score could enable standardized treatment decision in HIV-infected children with presumptive TB, and could be recommended for extensive use in secondary and primary healthcare settings where most of these children are seeking care. (
  • This special issue aims to provide insights into the recent advances in these topics by soliciting original scientific contributions in the form of theoretical foundations, models, experimental research, surveys, and case studies for scientific programing techniques and algorithms in data-intensive environments. (
  • Research on efficient techniques of handling automata (e.g., simulation reduction of non-deterministic automata or efficient inclusion checking on non-deterministic automata), decision procedures for various logics, etc. (
  • Research techniques vary depending on the social phenomena studied. (
  • Management of biliary tract disease during pregnancy: a decision analysis. (
  • An in-depth analysis of the use of shared decision making in contraceptive counseling. (
  • A scenario in decision analysis in which two individuals motivated entirely by self-preservation at the expense of the other, end up in a worse state than if they had cooperated with each other in the decision-making process. (
  • Many current data analysis techniques are beyond the reach of most managers and practitioners. (
  • However, qualitative data analysis techniques cannot be ignored. (
  • In this effort, a best fit, if any, may be found between a strategy and a specific data analysis technique. (
  • An analysis of suitable techniques is part of the thesis work. (
  • Techniques to support production, presentation, and dissemination of the results of an analysis to communicate information in the appropriate context to a variety of audiences. (
  • This course focuses on economic decision making at the level of the firm and consumer, utilizing demand and supply analysis to help understand a variety of economic and managerial issues. (
  • A clear and comprehensive guide to developing valuable business intelligence decision-support applications. (
  • Applications of High Resolution Deconvolution Techniques to Ultrasonic NDE. (
  • Numerous techniques for probing pollutant-emission relationships within photochemical models have been developed and deployed for a variety of decision support applications. (
  • However, for policy applications, it is often the responses of concentrations to emission changes, rather than the concentrations themselves, that most critically inform decision making. (
  • Use patented analytic models to uncover emerging issues with greater speed and accuracy than traditional early warning techniques, and proactively take corrective action to improve outcomes. (
  • BI Decision-Support Initiatives. (
  • By combining Yokogawa's product portfolio and KBC's consulting services, we provide our customers best practices and domain knowledge that empower them to improve their operations, as well as a digital platform that supports such activities and initiatives. (
  • In this aspect, intelligent reasoning and learning techniques have emerged as a powerful approach to solving real-world decision making problems. (
  • CPOE with decision support has proven to be an effective approach to imaging utilization and should be explored further," she said. (
  • ProsCan for men: randomised controlled trial of a decision support intervention for men with localised prostate cancer. (
  • This paper presents the design of a randomised controlled trial of a decision support/psychosocial intervention for men newly diagnosed with localised prostate cancer. (
  • Two intervention sessions are delivered before treatment that address decision support, stress management and preparation for treatment. (
  • We seek to develop a pragmatic, scalable intervention to overcome problems with surrogate decision making in ICUs. (
  • Decision Support Techniques" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • Use of spreadsheets and databases to support business decision making. (
  • See 'Epidural and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia: Techniques' and 'Anesthesia and anesthetic choices' and 'Neuraxial analgesia for labor and delivery (including instrumented delivery)', section on 'Epidural analgesia technique' and 'Neuraxial analgesia for labor and delivery (including instrumented delivery)', section on 'CSE analgesia' . (
  • They are frequently used in medical decision-making. (
  • Decision making is a multi-faceted and challenging, yet important task. (
  • It will also introduce students to key areas such as managing finance, marketing, strategy and decision-making. (
  • They also show how the value of ecosystems to society can be expressed in monetary and non-monetary terms, so that the environment can be better taken into account in decision making. (
  • Consequently, the most substantial morbidity may actually arise from the adverse psychosocial impact of distress in decision-making and long term quality of life effects such as impotence. (
  • Interventions to Improve Shared Decision-Making: Prostate Cancer Screening is a prospective study of educational interventions to improve the interaction of physicians and their patients a. (
  • This study will train health providers in home care teams across Quebec in shared decision making with older clients and their caregivers about the decision to stay at home or move to a ca. (
  • Shared Decision Making (SDM) has emerged as a useful tool to promote patient-centered communication and is highly applicable to contraceptive decision making. (
  • Electronic shared-decision making programs may provide an assistive technology to support physician-patient communication. (
  • Shared decision-making (SDM) is, largely, espoused as the preferred model for making decisions in everyday health care. (
  • A goal of shared decision making (SDM) is to ensure patients are well informed and receive preferred treatments. (
  • Patient Perceptions Correlate Weakly With Observed Patient Involvement in Decision-making in Orthopaedic Surgery. (
  • Shared decision-making between patients and physicians involves educating the patient, providing options, eliciting patient preferences, and reaching agreement on a decision. (
  • Behavior that interferes with a woman's autonomous reproductive decision-making. (
  • Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health. (
  • 1994). Although physicians often spent additional time trying to track down the missing information, including asking patients what they might have heard, they often ended up making decisions without the information, even though they had the paper-based medical record 95 percent of the time. (
  • In summary, although clinical decision making depends on the availability of patient data, domain information, and administrative information, these data are routinely not available when physicians make patient-care decisions. (
  • Audio Interview: Making Decisions about Covid-19 Testing and Treatment for Your Patients. (
  • Objective To translate an informed shared decision-making programme (ISDM-P) for patients with type 2 diabetes from a specialised diabetes centre to the primary care setting. (
  • This cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) followed the UK MRC framework for complex interventions and is the final step of the development and evaluation of an informed shared decision-making programme (ISDM-P) for patients with type 2 diabetes. (
  • KBDSS) for making more informed decisions for managing variation orders in institutional buildings. (
  • Learn the basic concepts of decision making. (
  • Speed time to market, ensure regulatory compliance and improve decision making. (
  • Introduces the business or non-business major to basic concepts of economics, business management and decision-making in the functional areas of production, marketing, and finance. (
  • group dynamics as related to problem solving and decision making, leadership style, work structuring and the larger environment. (
  • Accounting concepts used by managers in planning and decision-making. (
  • The support of policy-related decision making is common to much of applied social or cultural anthropology. (
  • Information overload is a related concept that can also harm decision-making. (
  • Assessing prognosis supports treatment strategies for patients who have required MAS, helping define the best options for decreasing risk of complications and death. (
  • No access to your user account to assign reviewers or make decisions. (
  • This paper also proposes and validates a framework which combines several techniques to aid user to make decisions. (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether providing patients with information about their global coronary heart disease (CHD) risk and effective risk-reducing strategies allows them to make appropriate decisions about heart disease prevention. (
  • Your gift will help support our mission to end cancer and make a difference in the lives of our patients. (
  • Make more successful production decisions to ensure products are available when customers want them. (
  • UpToDate synthesizes the most recent medical information into evidence-based practical recommendations that healthcare professionals trust to make the right point-of-care decisions. (
  • Economics (Arts) : This applied macroeconomics course focuses on current and recurrent macroeconomic issues important in understanding the public policy environment in which firms make their decisions. (
  • People use information in order to make decisions and adapt to circumstances. (
  • Anything that distracts attention from the essential facts required to perform a task or make a decision could be considered an information pollutant. (
  • Background: Low utilization of effective CHD prevention strategies may be due to many factors, but chief among them is the lack of patient involvement in prevention decisions. (
  • When Berry and Linoff wrote the first edition of Data Mining Techniques in the late 1990s, data mining was just starting to move out of the lab and into the office and has since grown to become an indispensable tool of modern business. (
  • They each have decades of experience applying data mining techniques to business problems in marketing and customer relationship management. (
  • Secondly, of aiming to stimulate the imagination by including an eclectic mix of contributions from a wide range of business areas to demonstrate that there is no field in which modern decision support techniques cannot usefully be applied. (
  • Computer techniques needed to solve business problems. (
  • Data Technologies Corporation develops computer software and supplies related technical support to the business community. (
  • Our resources include a multicore enterprise server and a virtual machine server that supports computer security experiments. (
  • The Fourth Futures Forum brought together decision-makers and senior advisers from 14 western European countries. (
  • It is an authoritative reference text written in easy to read sections that is essential reading for academics, decision-makers and civil society. (
  • Obscure maths and daunting algorithms have created an impassable chasm for problem solvers and decision makers. (
  • AI techniques are widely used by the practicing engineer to solve a whole range of hitherto intractable problems. (
  • Introduction to quality design principles and user-centered development techniques used in creating a web site. (
  • Systematic reviews : synthesis of best evidence for health care decisions / edited by Cynthia Mulrow, Deborah Cook. (
  • If, 10 years ago, health communicators had learned that they could deliver programs to peoples' homes on demand, with video, data tailored to the individual user, and with a social support network in place through these programs, many may have jumped at the opportunity. (
  • Informed, Patient-Centered Decisions Associated with Better Health Outcomes in Orthopedics: Prospective Cohort Study. (
  • Ethnography, the social science method of studying human cultures in the field, is a useful technique for understanding information needs in the health care environment. (
  • This webinar introduces ideas on how to use a new innovative Family Planning decision support tool for nurses working in primary health care in Australia. (
  • Formal studies of physicians' information needs showed that 81 percent of the time they were unable to find one to 20 pieces of information (four pieces on average) important to a specific patient visit at the time decisions were being made (Tang et al. (
  • Identifying best practices for clinical decision support and knowledge management in the field. (
  • The KBDSS framework consists of two main components, i.e., a knowledge base and a decision support shell. (