The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The interactions between physician and patient.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Individual's expression of desirability or value of one course of action, outcome, or selection in contrast to others.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The interactions between the professional person and the family.
Instructions issued by a physician pertaining to the institution, continuation, or withdrawal of life support measures. The concept includes policies, laws, statutes, decisions, guidelines, and discussions that may affect the issuance of such orders.
Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Knowing or understanding without conscious use of reasoning. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. ( accessed 6/12/2009)
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Differential response to different stimuli.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.
One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
A nursing specialty involving nursing care given to the pregnant patient before, after, or during childbirth.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The process of helping patients to effectively and efficiently use the health care system when faced with one or more of these challenges: (1) choosing, understanding, and using health coverage or applying for assistance when uninsured; (2) choosing, using, and understanding different types of health providers and services; (3) making treatment decisions; and (4) managing care received by multiple providers.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The ability to recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the basis of past experience. It is largely a frontal lobe function.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A system for the collection and/or processing of data from various sources, and using the information for policy making and management of health services. It could be paper-based or electronic. (From,,contentMDK:22239824~menuPK:376799~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:376793,00.html.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.
An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.

The identification of agreed criteria for referral following the dental inspection of children in the school setting. (1/7635)

AIM: To clarify the function of the school based dental inspection. OBJECTIVE: For representatives of the Community Dental Service, General Dental Service and Hospital Dental Service to identify an agreed set of criteria for the referral of children following school dental inspection. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology used to establish a consensus for the inclusion of referral criteria following dental screening. SETTING: Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England. MATERIALS: A Delphi technique was used to establish a consensus amongst the study participants on the inclusion of nine possible criteria for referral following dental screening. All participants scored each criterion in the range 1-9, with a score of 1 indicating that referral of individuals with the condition should definitely not take place, and a score of 9 indicating referral should definitely take place. Referral criteria were accepted only if they achieved a group median score of 7 or more, with an interquartile range of three scale points, with the lower value being no less than 7. RESULTS: Four of the nine possible criteria met the agreed group standard for inclusion: 'Sepsis', 'Caries in the secondary dentition', 'Overjet > 10 mm', and 'Registered & caries in the permanent dentition'. CONCLUSION: It is possible to agree clear criteria for the referral of children following the school dental inspection.  (+info)

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (2/7635)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Slippery slopes in flat countries--a response. (3/7635)

In response to the paper by Keown and Jochemsen in which the latest empirical data concerning euthanasia and other end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands is discussed, this paper discusses three points. The use of euthanasia in cases in which palliative care was a viable alternative may be taken as proof of a slippery slope. However, it could also be interpreted as an indication of a shift towards more autonomy-based end-of-life decisions. The cases of non-voluntary euthanasia are a serious problem in the Netherlands and they are only rarely justifiable. However, they do not prove the existence of a slippery slope. Persuading the physician to bring euthanasia cases to the knowledge of the authorities is a problem of any euthanasia policy. The Dutch notification procedure has recently been changed to reduce the underreporting of cases. However, many questions remain.  (+info)

Conditions required for a law on active voluntary euthanasia: a survey of nurses' opinions in the Australian Capital Territory. (4/7635)

OBJECTIVES: To ascertain which conditions nurses believe should be in a law allowing active voluntary euthanasia (AVE). DESIGN: Survey questionnaire posted to registered nurses (RNs). SETTING: Australian Capital Territory (ACT) at the end of 1996, when active voluntary euthanasia was legal in the Northern Territory. SURVEY SAMPLE: A random sample of 2,000 RNs, representing 54 per cent of the RN population in the ACT. MAIN MEASURES: Two methods were used to look at nurses' opinions. The first involved four vignettes which varied in terms of critical characteristics of each patient who was requesting help to die. The respondents were asked if the law should be changed to allow any of these requests. There was also a checklist of conditions, most of which have commonly been included in Australian proposed laws on AVE. The respondents chose those which they believed should apply in a law on AVE. RESULTS: The response rate was 61%. Support for a change in the law to allow AVE was 38% for a young man with AIDS, 39% for an elderly man with early stage Alzheimer's disease, 44% for a young woman who had become quadriplegic and 71% for a middle-aged woman with metastases from breast cancer. The conditions most strongly supported in any future AVE law were: "second doctor's opinion", "cooling off period", "unbearable protracted suffering", "patient fully informed about illness and treatment" and "terminally ill". There was only minority support for "not suffering from treatable depression", "administer the fatal dose themselves" and "over a certain age". CONCLUSION: Given the lack of support for some conditions included in proposed AVE laws, there needs to be further debate about the conditions required in any future AVE bills.  (+info)

Patient removals from general practitioner lists in Northern Ireland: 1987-1996. (5/7635)

BACKGROUND: Being struck off a general practitioner's list is a major event for patients and a subject for much media attention. However, it has not hitherto received much research attention. AIMS: To quantify the numbers of patients removed at doctors' request in Northern Ireland between 1987 and 1996. To describe the characteristics of those removed and to determine if the rate of removal has increased. METHODS: This is a descriptive epidemiological study involving a secondary data analysis of records held by the Central Services Agency. RESULTS: Six thousand five hundred and seventy-eight new patients were removed at general practitioner (GP) request between 1987 and 1996. This equated to 3920 removal decisions, a rate of 2.43 per 10,000 person-years. The very young and young adults had the highest rates of removal; most of the young being removed as part of a family. Ten point six per cent of removed patients had a repeat removal, and 16.3% of first removal decisions required an assignment to another practice. Family removals have decreased and individual removals have increased over the 10 years. Disadvantaged and densely populated areas with high population turnover were associated with higher rates of removal, though heterogeneity is evident between general practitioners serving similar areas. Compared to the period 1987 to 1991, removal rates for the years 1992 to 1993 were reduced by 20.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) for rate ratio (RR) 0.73-0.87), and those for the years 1994 to 1996 increased by 8% (95% CI = 1.01-1.16). The greatest increase was in the over-75 years age group (standardized RR = 1.60; 95% CI = 1.57-1.62). CONCLUSIONS: Removals are relatively rare events for both patients and practices, though they have been increasing in recent years. Further research is needed to understand the processes that culminate in a removal.  (+info)

Dissociable deficits in the decision-making cognition of chronic amphetamine abusers, opiate abusers, patients with focal damage to prefrontal cortex, and tryptophan-depleted normal volunteers: evidence for monoaminergic mechanisms. (6/7635)

We used a novel computerized decision-making task to compare the decision-making behavior of chronic amphetamine abusers, chronic opiate abusers, and patients with focal lesions of orbital prefrontal cortex (PFC) or dorsolateral/medial PFC. We also assessed the effects of reducing central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) activity using a tryptophan-depleting amino acid drink in normal volunteers. Chronic amphetamine abusers showed suboptimal decisions (correlated with years of abuse), and deliberated for significantly longer before making their choices. The opiate abusers exhibited only the second of these behavioral changes. Importantly, both sub-optimal choices and increased deliberation times were evident in the patients with damage to orbitofrontal PFC but not other sectors of PFC. Qualitatively, the performance of the subjects with lowered plasma tryptophan was similar to that associated with amphetamine abuse, consistent with recent reports of depleted 5-HT in the orbital regions of PFC of methamphetamine abusers. Overall, these data suggest that chronic amphetamine abusers show similar decision-making deficits to those seen after focal damage to orbitofrontal PFC. These deficits may reflect altered neuromodulation of the orbitofrontal PFC and interconnected limbic-striatal systems by both the ascending 5-HT and mesocortical dopamine (DA) projections.  (+info)

When to consider radiation therapy for your patient. (7/7635)

Radiation therapy can be an effective treatment modality for both malignant and benign disease. While radiation can be given as primary treatment, it may also be used pre- or postoperatively, with or without other forms of therapy. Radiation therapy is often curative but is sometimes palliative. There are many methods of delivering radiation effectively. Often, patients tolerate irradiation well without significant complications, and organ function is preserved. To ensure that all patients with cancer have the opportunity to consider all treatment options, family physicians should be aware of the usefulness of radiation therapy.  (+info)

Safer sex strategies for women: the hierarchical model in methadone treatment clinics. (8/7635)

Women clients of a methadone maintenance treatment clinic were targeted for an intervention aimed to reduce unsafe sex. The hierarchical model was the basis of the single intervention session, tested among 63 volunteers. This model requires the educator to discuss and demonstrate a full range of barriers that women might use for protection, ranking these in the order of their known efficacy. The model stresses that no one should go without protection. Two objections, both untested, have been voiced against the model. One is that, because of its complexity, women will have difficulty comprehending the message. The second is that, by demonstrating alternative strategies to the male condom, the educator is offering women a way out from persisting with the male condom, so that instead they will use an easier, but less effective, method of protection. The present research aimed at testing both objections in a high-risk and disadvantaged group of women. By comparing before and after performance on a knowledge test, it was established that, at least among these women, the complex message was well understood. By comparing baseline and follow-up reports of barriers used by sexually active women before and after intervention, a reduction in reports of unsafe sexual encounters was demonstrated. The reduction could be attributed directly to adoption of the female condom. Although some women who had used male condoms previously adopted the female condom, most of those who did so had not used the male condom previously. Since neither theoretical objection to the hierarchical model is sustained in this population, fresh weight is given to emphasizing choice of barriers, especially to women who are at high risk and relatively disempowered. As experience with the female condom grows and its unfamiliarity decreases, it would seem appropriate to encourage women who do not succeed with the male condom to try to use the female condom, over which they have more control.  (+info)

At present you are looking regarding an Public Decision Making Processes And Asymmetry Of Information Marrelli Massimo Pignataro Giacomo example of which we provide here in some kind of document formats many of these as PDF, Doc, Energy Point, and also images of which will make it simpler for you to create an Public Decision Making Processes And Asymmetry Of Information Marrelli Massimo Pignataro Giacomo yourself. For a clearer look, you are able to open some examples below. All the examples about Public Decision Making Processes And Asymmetry Of Information Marrelli Massimo Pignataro Giacomo with this web site, we get from many sources so you could create a better record of your own. When the search you obtain here does not match up what you are seeking for, please use the search feature that we have provided here. You are usually free to download anything that we provide right here, it will not cost you the slightest.
Recent work has suggested an association between the orbitofrontal cortex in humans and practical decision making. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of cognitive deficits, with particular emphasis on decision‐making processes, following damage to different sectors of the human prefrontal cortex. Patients with discrete orbitofrontal (OBF) lesions, dorsolateral (DL) lesions, dorsomedial (DM) lesions and large frontal lesions (Large) were compared with matched controls on three different decision‐making tasks: the Iowa Gambling Task and two recently developed tasks that attempt to fractionate some of the cognitive components of the Iowa task. A comprehensive battery including the assessment of recognition memory, working memory, planning ability and attentional set‐shifting was also administered. Whilst combined frontal patients were impaired on several of the tasks employed, distinct profiles emerged for each patient group. In contrast to previous data, patients with focal ...
English 1000 Images About Decision Making On Pinterest Making Decisions Facts Decision Making Worksheets Printable Worksheets and Free for Kids
Framing effect is an understanding and assessment that individual implements different behaviors when facing to the multiple choice that expressing the same meaning. Previously, scholars went through numerous empirical studies regarding impact of the method as well as environment in making decision of online purchasing [1]-[4]. Also, scholars have proved that there are complex influences of psychological factors when consumers make decisions of shopping. Therefore, the article aims to analyze the impact of faming effect in e-commerce when consumers make decisions so as to summarize the shortage in academic and practical aspects.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perinatal lethal conditions. T2 - The effect of diagnosis on decision making. AU - Hassed, Susan J.. AU - Miller, Connie H.. AU - Pope, Sandra K.. AU - Murphy, Pamela. AU - Quirk, J. Gerald. AU - Cunniff, Christopher. PY - 1993/7. Y1 - 1993/7. N2 - Objective: To identify factors influencing pregnancy management decisions following identification of a perinatal lethal condition. Methods: One hundred thirty pregnancies with perinatal lethal conditions diagnosed before 24 weeks gestation were examined. Information collected included demographic data, estimated gestational age at presentation, referral indication, nature of the defect, and performance of autopsy. Results: Eighty-seven families elected to abort affected pregnancies and 43 elected to continue. Demographic factors did not influence decision making, nor did gestational age at diagnosis or referral indication. When comparing the diagnosis of one lethal condition with diagnoses of all other lethal conditions, pregnancies ...
Decision Making Process Verna Massey MGT 230 12 15 2014 Paul Moore Decision Making Process The biggest decision that I ve ever had to make was that of
2015 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Speed-accuracy trade-offs are well studied in human decision making, but we are only beginning to understand how such trade-offs affect other animals. Similarly, it is poorly understood how consistent individual differences in decision making are influenced by their social context. Here we investigated whether zebrafish, Danio rerio, show individual consistency (personality) in speed-accuracy trade-offs based on a colour discrimination task, and how pairs of fish with distinct personalities make consensus choices. The results showed that zebrafish exhibit between-individual speed-accuracy trade-offs: some fish made careful, slow but accurate decisions, while others made swift but less accurate choices. We also found that these decision-making strategies were constant over time: fish retained the same strategy for 3 days. When testing pairs of careful and fast-and-inaccurate individuals, the combined choice strategy was intermediate in ...
Using a proven, practical, algorithmic approach, Surgical Decision Making summarizes evidence-based guidelines and practice protocols in an easy-to-follow format. Designed to sharpen the decision-making skills of both trainees and practicing surgeons, the 6th Edition directs your focus to the critical decision points in a wide range of clinical scenarios, helping you determine optimal evaluation and management to secure the best possible patient outcomes. Algorithms are accompanied by annotations that explain all critical factors affecting decisions in a concise, readable manner.. Author Info. By Robert C. McIntyre, MD, FACS, Professor and Chief, Division of GI, Trauma, and Endocrine Surgery; Vice Chair of Finance, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine Aurora, Colorado, USA and Richard D. Schulick, MD, Professor & Chair of the University of Colorado Department of Surgery; Director of the University of Colorado Cancer Center; The Aragón/Gonzalez-Gíustí Chair, ...
At the same time, the Parliament, which currently has an advisory role on EU tax matters, adopted a strong and progressive report calling for the EU to get rid of tax policies that have negative impacts on gender equality.. Tove Maria Ryding, Tax Coordinator at the European Network on Debt and Development (Eurodad), said:. Its very true that the EUs decision making on tax has so far been too ineffective and too unambitious. As the Commission also highlights, this is particularly problematic given that our societies are currently losing billions of Euros to large-scale international tax dodging.. We warmly welcome the recognition that the European Parliament needs to play an active role in EU decision making on tax. It is elected by EU citizens, and thus it can bring more legitimacy to decision making on tax. Weve also repeatedly seen that the Parliament is very attentive to the public call for action, transparency and justice on tax matters. The latest example came today, when the ...
Britney Spears has broken her silence on her X Factor exit, describing it as a very difficult decision. Ive made the very difficult decision not to return for another season, she said in a statement Friday. I had an incredible time doing the show and I love the other judges and I am so proud of my teens but its time for me to get back in the studio. Watching them all do their thing up on that stage every week made me miss performing so much! I cant wait to get back out there and
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Downloadable (with restrictions)! In problems to do with managing water resources multiple decision makers are involved, each acting in their own right and using different value systems. In the literature on management science, several procedures are proposed in order to establish a collective preference based on the aggregation of different individual preferences. However, the well-known methods that focus on a single winner have some inconveniences that should be addressed. This paper is focused on a group decision making procedure based on the analysis of individual rankings with the aim of choosing an appropriate alternative for a water resources problem. This alternative is found to be the best compromise from the points of view of all actors involved in the decision problem. The structure of the method is set out as is its application to the water resources problem. A comparison with other methods is presented and discussed.
TY - BOOK. T1 - Decision-Making On Mega-Projects. T2 - cost-benefit Analysis, Planning and Innovation. A2 - Priemus, Hugo. A2 - Flyvbjerg, Bent. A2 - van Wee, Bert. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. M3 - Anthology. SN - 978-1-84542-737-5. BT - Decision-Making On Mega-Projects. PB - Edward Elgar Publishing. CY - Cheltenham, UK and Northamton, MA, USA. ER - ...
How is Health Care Power of Attorney (medical decision making) abbreviated? HCPA stands for Health Care Power of Attorney (medical decision making). HCPA is defined as Health Care Power of Attorney (medical decision making) somewhat frequently.
(A)(Benchmark Assignment) Applying Decision-Making Models in Health CareThis is a benchmark assignment.Choose an ethical decision-making model from among the fo
This paper describes a new multi-player computer game, Colored Trails (CT), which may be played by people, computers and heterogeneous groups. CT was designed to enable investigation of properties of decision-making strategies in multi-agent situations of varying complexity. The paper presents the results of an initial series of experiments of CT games in which agents choices affected not only their own outcomes but also the outcomes of other agents. It compares the behavior of people with that of computer agents deploying a variety of decision-making strategies. The results align with behavioral economics studies in showing that people cooperate when they play and that factors of social dependency influence their levels of cooperation. Preliminary results indicate that people design agents to play strategies closer to game-theory predictions, yielding lower utility. Additional experiments show that such agents perform worse than agents designed to make choices that resemble human cooperative ...
By studying bacteria which are living under stressful conditions, scientists have gained fresh insights into the manner of human decision making, especially crucial ones.
Despite exciting advances toward the promise of genomics-driven cancer treatment [1, 2], there is not yet an established framework for optimal communication of test results in a clinical setting in a way that cancer best informs decision-making [3]. Research on the implementation of gene expression profiling for cancer treatment decisions has identified variable levels of understanding among patients, with misperceptions of test validity [4], and concerns among oncologists regarding patients understanding of test results [5]. This suggests a need for decision aids to support communication of genomic expression profiling test results and informed decision-making. Optimal implementation of genomic risk stratification tools, which have the potential to better match patients with the right treatments for them, should be performed within a patient-centered context that meets the National Academy of Medicine (formerly Institute of Medicine) goals for patient-centeredness by considering individual ...
In th… Only when there is a clear understanding of the problem or decision to be made, the project manager can proceed … Learn about the project decision making process and how it affects the project leader, project team and project strategy in this tutorial. Decision-making is a significant practice which is integral in everything people do (Saaty, 2004). There is no exception about that. … Structure: this how your company is organized (that is, how departments and teams are structured, including who reports to whom). Therefore, corporate decision making process is the most critical process in any organization. Each branch of the decision tree represents a possible decision or occurrence. Military decision making process. For Project Core Team members, the decisions normally concern project plans and execution. f CONDUCTING PROJECT SCREENING Project screening includes … In short, our project planing techniques presentation deck not only saves time, but also has everything that a good ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Using focus groups to study proxy healthcare decision making for those with intellectual disability in the United States. AU - Fisher, Kathleen M.. AU - Orkin, Fredrick K.. AU - Green, Michael. PY - 2011/12/1. Y1 - 2011/12/1. N2 - Background: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) often rely on others for help with healthcare decision making. The goal of this study was to understand the process and challenges faced by proxy decision makers in the community and validate previous research findings. Method: A qualitative exploratory design using four focus groups with 18 community agency directors across one Mid-Atlantic state. Discussions were recorded, transcribed, and systematically coded for themes. Results: Four fundamental themes that include global concerns related to this vulnerable population were identified and found to influence proxy decision making. Decisions made by proxies that related to two major areas of concern - end-of-life decision making and access to ...
This research focuses on the influence of long term orientation on entrepreneurial decision making processes in China. The Sarasvathys effectuation theory (2001) and the Hofstedes (2001) five cultural dimensions framed the basic theoretical foundation for this study. This paper contribute on the study of cultural influence on entrepreneurial processes. The results suggest even there is not enough evidence to prove long term orientation significant influence Chinese student entrepreneurs on all dimensions of causal decision making tendency, but there is a surprising finding that long term orientation has significant influence on one dimensions named attitudes toward unexpected contingencies. So it is still meaningful for further deeply related study ...
They argue about the strengths and draw backs of each. But, tomorrow the PMA symposium opens with a paper by Alan Meekings and David Jacques looking at the behavioural aspects of organisational performance management bemoaning the lack of progress over the last 50 years. To quote. Frankly, most large organisations today - albeit with a few notable exceptions - are still being managed on the basis of an outdated, hierarchical, top‐down target‐setting, command‐and control approach that results in high levels of staff disengagement and suboptimal performance.. So, what is your experience of decision making? Is evidence still ignored with politics and opinion dominating? Or have you got a more evidence based approach and if so how have you got there?. Mike Bourne. Reference:. Linda Kester, Abbie Griffin, Jan Hultink and Kristina Lauche, (2011), Exploring Portfolio decision Making Processes, Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 28, 641 - 661.. ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Basic and Translation Research on Decision Making in Aging and Alzheimers Disease (R21 - Clinical Trial Optional) PAR-18-538. NIA
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of observed decision time on expectations of extremity and cooperation.. AU - Evans, A.M.. AU - van de Calseyde, P.P.F.M.. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - The present research investigates how people use observed decision time to form expectations of others behavior in social dilemmas. In four studies, participants received information about others decision times (fast or slow) and were asked to estimate how much they contributed to a common pool. People believe fast decisions are more extreme than slow decisions; in other words, they assume that fast decisions are either extremely selfish or extremely cooperative. People also believe that fast deciders are less moral (Studies 1 and 2) and less conflicted (Study 2) than slow deciders. Beliefs about decision time depend on whether time can be attributed to self-paced reaction times or external time constraints. When decisions are made under external time constraints, time has inconsistent or heterogeneous effects ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Understanding Clinical Information Needs and Health Care Decision Making Processes in the Context of Health Information Technology (IT) (R01) PA-11-198. AHRQ
The Kahnaw :ke Legislative Coordinating Commission (KLCC) wishes to advise the community that the Kahnaw :ke Residency Law ( the Law ) has been re-submitted through the regular Community Decision Making Process (CDMP). The request was signed by Iets nhaienhs Kahsennenhawe Sky-Deer, the Lead on the Heritage Portfolio, on 17, Ohiar :ha/June 2020.. The Law was confirmed as a Type I Urgent on January 9, 2017, and was enacted on 17, Ohiar :ha/June 2019 as Mohawk Council Resolution #1/2019-2020. Legislation passed using the Urgent process, by regulation, must be re-submitted through the regular CDMP within a year of passage.. The Kahnaw :ke Residency Law was created from the residency component of the Kanien keh :ka of Kahnaw :ke Law. Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the KLCC is studying ways to meet requirements of the CDMP and will bring forth some options on ways to conduct community consultations during this challenging time.. For information on the Law, please contact ...
Outline Classical SDT under normative rationality Behavioral factors From the decision-making literature: CPT From the phishing & deception literatures Re-derivation of optimal cutoff threshold under CPT-SDT Using T&K92 probability weighting function Using neo-additive probability weighting function Incorporating the psychology of deception Beyond comparative statics: comparative simulation results Implications Spam filtering Education & training End
by R. V. G. Clarke, Routine Activity And Rational Choice Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Routine Activity And Rational Choice books, Two new criminological approaches are defined and applied to categories of crime in Routine Activity and Rational Choice, now available in paperback. Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offenders commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies. The Advances in Criminological Theory series encourages theory construction and validation in the articles and themes selected for publication. It also furthers the free exchange of ideas, propositions, ...
To keep the energy and dynamism of Day 1, you have to somehow make high-quality, high-velocity decisions. Easy for start-ups and very challenging for large organizations. The senior team at Amazon is determined to keep our decision-making velocity high. Speed matters in business - plus a high-velocity decision making environment is more fun too. We dont know all the answers, but here are some thoughts.. First, never use a one-size-fits-all decision-making process. Many decisions are reversible, two-way doors. Those decisions can use a light-weight process. For those, so what if youre wrong? I wrote about this in more detail in last years letter.. Second, most decisions should probably be made with somewhere around 70% of the information you wish you had. If you wait for 90%, in most cases, youre probably being slow. Plus, either way, you need to be good at quickly recognizing and correcting bad decisions. If youre good at course correcting, being wrong may be less costly than you think, ...
Trisomy 18 (Edwards Syndrome) was first reported in 1960 by Edward et al. in a newborn with multiple abnormalities, and is a broad clinical presentation involving more than 130 different abnormalities. Most cases die during the embryonic or fetal life. Only 5% - 10% of the live-born cases survive the first year of life. Prenatal diagnosis is possible. However, the prenatal detection compels parents to make a difficult decision. After the birth of the baby, it also places a material and moral burden on both the family and the national economy due to multiple congenital abnormalities and limited lifespan. On the other hand, pediatricians experience difficulties in making a decision on interventions, especially cardiac surgery and resuscitation, due to the comorbid abnormalities in the neonatal intensive care units, in which medical ethics arises for discussion. The current study presents a case diagnosed with trisomy 18 by chromosome analysis, who was found to have multiple abnormalities with
Low income groups are often criticised for making decisions that harm their long-term life outcomes. This article reviews research that attempts to understand these decision-making patterns as a product of adaptive responses to the situation of low socioeconomic status. It proposes that low income contexts present socioecological cues concerning resource scarcity, environmental instability, and low subjective social status, which trigger a regulatory shift towards the present and the tuning of cognitive skills and focus to address immediate needs. These shifts in psychological processes lead to decisions that are rational in the proximal context of socioeconomic threat, but may hinder the achievement of more distal goals.. ...
This report introduces the development and application of a method to analyse the decision making process of New Zealands State Highway Organisations (SHO) during extreme events. Building upon our previous research efforts (Dantas et al, 2007 and Ferreira et al, 2008), the aim is to obtain an unbiased and complete overview of the strengths and weaknesses of the current decision making. The report proposes procedures and metrics to analyse the quality of decision making, based upon the study of theoretical and practical concepts of decision making processes.. The method used to analyse the quality of decision making was applied to 3 real events and 4 exercises, which have been observed since 2005. In addition to the real events, the exercises provide a realistic representation of the decision making processes likely to be implemented in the occurrence of extreme events and conditions. Above all, the research teams assessment is that the exercises represented the most likely interaction between ...
To explore and identify factors that influence physicians decisions while monitoring prostate cancer patients on active surveillance.A purposive sampling strategy was used to identify physicians treating prostate cancer from diverse clinical backgrounds and geographic areas across the US.
Groups, rather than individuals, are often the best hope to solve complex problems. Engaging stakeholders through group decision making leads to a deeper commitment, but sometimes people withhold ideas or arent heard due to personal style or politics. This recorded presentation discusses how groups move through three phases while making decisions. When facilitating and guiding a group, a leader should be aware of these phases and have tools available for each phase to support the group in coming to a decision.. The above PowerPoint file includes audio designed to play in sync with the presentation slides. The accompanying resource document serves as a helpful reference when considering techniques and tools to support group decision making.. ...
Consult the Stent Save a Life session on STEMI during EuroPCR 2017 from Thursday 18 May if you want to exchange with your colleagues about the difficult decisions in primary PCI, learn more about challenging STEMI cases from a real life setting and appraise different strategies for these patients from a global perspective.
I met someone : A true, personal story from the experience, I Have a Difficult Decision to Make. I met someone and the butterflies are gone. Im a little shocked how I lost interest so quickly. Although I am not a picky person, I dont think I should have to settle either. I realize now that I li...
This study assessed the impact of a computerised decision aid applied in a shared decision-making consultation on the primary outcome measure of decision conflict as compared to a traditional doctor-led application of paper guidelines. The key finding was a significantly lower decision conflict in the decision aid group than in the paper-based guidelines group immediately after the research clinic and this finding was present across all patients regardless of their initial treatment. Decision conflict was lower after the clinic in both groups.. In addition, there was a marked difference between the two arms in the decision whether or not to take warfarin when patients were not already on this treatment; those in the decision aid group were significantly much less likely to start warfarin than those in the paper guidelines arm.. There has been considerable debate about the most appropriate outcome measures for assessing the effectiveness of decision support tools.17 Many studies of guidelines ...
Downloadable! The subject of this paper is decision-making on the adoption, ratification and implementation of conventions and recommendations of the International Labour Organisation (lLO). The first part of the paper provides-a brief introduction to the ILO as an international organisation, its treaty base and its most important bodies. In the second part of the paper, we focus on international labour standards. We first explain the decision-making procedure within the ILO which leads to the adoption of conventions and recommendations. We then deal with the ratification of conventions at the national stage and discuss the compliance with the obligations arising from ratification. The focus of the paper is not so much on the formal rules and procedures but on the question of how the rules are applied. Descriptive statistics give evidence on the degree of consensus at the decision-making stage, the voting behaviour of the delegates to the International Labour Conference, the ratification behaviour of
A Consumer Decision-Making Model in M-Commerce: The Role of Reputation Systems in Mobile App Purchases: 10.4018/IRMJ.2016040103: The objective of this paper is to understand the importance of mobile reputation systems in mobile users app discovery and purchase satisfaction. A
The objective of this study is to determine if the implementation of guidelines utilizing immediate CT Perfusion and CT Angiography in addition to non-contrast CT alters (reduces or increases) the time to decision-making for or against rt-PA in acute ischemic stroke, and by extension, time to therapy in treated patients and time to transfer from the department for all patients. A secondary objective is to determine if using CTP/CTA-inclusive hyperacute stroke guidelines improves safety by decreasing symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage and mortality in patients who receive rt-PA ...
Free Online Library: Aggregation methods in group decision making: a decade survey.(Overview paper, Report) by Informatica; Computers and office automation Databases Analysis Decision-making, Group Group decision making
Ethical considerations. Ethical permission was obtained from the universitys research ethical committee and the manager of the primary healthcare clinic. In this study, the three main ethical guidelines of the Belmont Report of 1979, as cited in Polit and Beck (2012:252) namely, beneficence, respect for human dignity and justice were used. This included the principle of respect for persons or autonomy, whereby participants are treated as autonomous and capable of making deliberate decisions about whether to participate in research (Lobiondo-Wood 2010:252; Polit & Beck 2012:152-154). Assent and consent were obtained and no participants were coerced to take part. Participation was voluntary and no names of participants were revealed; only numbers were assigned to each interview recorded and the transcripts so as to ensure that no data will be linked to a participant when reported. This was done to ensure beneficence, respect and confidentiality. A clinic social worker and psychologist located in ...
NOTE: In the original design of this study, we hoped to utilize a modified Client Satisfaction Questionnaire for assessment of satisfaction of patient participants and physicians as secondary trial outcomes. However, we are unable to utilize any modified Client Satisfaction Questionnaires in this study, because of lack of permission from the original developer of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8, who has copyrighted and trademarked the questionnaire and prohibits such modifications. No modified client satisfaction questionnaire results have been analyzed in this study and will not be analyzed.. Study design The project design will be a single-centre randomized controlled trial conducted at University Health Network. The participants will be randomized to a) the decision aid group (in addition to usual care [counseling by his or her physician, called usual care]) or b) usual care. The DA will be available only to participants during the study (not the public or treating physicians). The ...
A Mashup Application to Support Complex Decision Making for Retail Consumers: 10.4018/jisss.2010100103: Purchase processes often require complex decision making and consumers frequently use Web information sources to support these decisions. However, increasing
You matter! I was thirty two years old, strung out on meth and homeless. #FearlessMotivation, The changes can be that great . Every action you take has a consequence in your future. It may take you to a place of promise or to a land of problems. When you decide to KEEP GOING despite setbacks - stronger, better you in the future ! Questions such as what strengths can you bring, Decision-Making Decisions may be personal or professional, but, in each case, the choices will often have lasting consequences. Share Every Decision Matters - Motivational Speech on Facebook, Twitter and GooglePlus by clicking the share buttons below. 3. Until a decision is made, nothing happens.... Decision is the courageous facing of issues, knowing that if they are not faced, problems will remain forever unanswered. YOU CAN BE THAT GREAT! Using photographs and line drawings, Anna showed interest in living in a social environment with other people her age. 6. So if you want life to work out the way you want it make sure ...
The medial frontal cortex (MFC) is critical for cost-benefit decision-making. Generally, cognitive and reward-based behaviour in rodents is not thought to be lateralised within the brain. In this study, however, we demonstrate that rats with unilateral MFC lesions show a profound change in decision-making on an effort-based decision-making task. Furthermore, unilateral MFC lesions have a greater effect when the rat has to choose to put in more effort for a higher reward when it is on the contralateral side of space to the lesion. Importantly, this could not be explained by motor impairments as these animals did not show a turning bias in separate experiments. In contrast, rats with unilateral dopaminergic midbrain lesions did exhibit a motoric turning bias, but were unimpaired on the effort-based decision-making task. This rare example of a cognitive deficit caused by a unilateral cortical lesion in the rat brain indicates that the MFC may have a specialised and lateralised role in evaluating the costs
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Economic theories of decision making are based on the principle of utility maximization, and reinforcement-learning theory provides computational algorithms that can be used to estimate the overall reward expected from alternative choices. These formal models not only account for a large range of behavioral observations in human and animal decision makers, but also provide useful tools for investigating the neural basis of decision making. Nevertheless, in reality, decision makers must combine different types of information about the costs and benefits associated with each available option, such as the quality and quantity of expected reward and required work. In this article, we put forward the hypothesis that different subdivisions of the primate frontal cortex may be specialized to focus on different aspects of dynamic decision-making processes. In this hypothesis, the lateral prefrontal cortex is primarily involved in maintaining the state representation necessary to identify optimal actions in a
US President Donald Trump on Tuesday or Wednesday is expected to make a final decision on whether to back Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahus vow to annex parts of the West Bank on July 1.
New Chemical Entities and Scheduling delegates final decisions and reasons for decisions for medicines and chemicals referred to the November 2016 ACCS, ACMS and Joint ACCS-ACMS meetings
Decision fatigue is when a sizable amount of decision-making leads to a decline in decision-making skills. People who make ... Ordinal Priority Approach Decision downloading Decision fatigue Decision quality Decision-making software Decision-making unit ... group decision-making techniques and individual decision-making techniques. Individual decision-making techniques can also ... In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting ...
"Putting naturalistic decision making into the adaptive toolbox" (PDF). Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. 14 (5): 381-383. ... The naturalistic decision making (NDM) framework emerged as a means of studying how people make decisions and perform ... Decision Making Technical Group (CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Decision theory, History of Dayton, Ohio). ... Newell, Benjamin, R.; Lagnado, David, A.; Shanks, David, R. (2007). Straight choices: The psychology of decision making. New ...
Multiscale decision theory builds upon decision theory and multiscale mathematics. Multiscale decision theory can model and ... Distributed Decision Making, Springer, 2003. ISBN 3-540-40201-2 Wernz, C., Multiscale Decision-Making: Bridging Temporal and ... Multiscale decision-making, also referred to as multiscale decision theory (MSDT), is an approach in operations research that ... "Decision Strategies and Design of Agent Interactions in Hierarchical Manufacturing Systems". Journal of Manufacturing Systems. ...
... usually multi-criteria decision-making, and so is often referred to as "decision analysis" or "multi-criteria decision-making" ... "decision-making software". Some decision support systems include a DM software component. DM software can assist decision- ... Decision-making software (DM software) is software for computer applications that help individuals and organisations make ... There is currently a great deal of interest in quantitative methods for decision making. Many decision analysts argue for multi ...
... is any process where the decision-making authority is distributed throughout a larger group. It ... tends to create less rigidity and flatter hierarchies in organizations. When upper management delegates decision-making ... Decentralized decision-making also contributes to the core knowledge of group intelligence and crowd wisdom, often in a ... The decisions arising from a process of decentralized decision-making are the functional result of group intelligence and crowd ...
The decision-making paradox is a phenomenon related to decision-making and the quest for determining reliable decision-making ... multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) and decision analysis since then. The decision-making paradox was first described in 1989 ... multi-criteria decision making (MCDM). It arises from the observation that different decision-making methods, both normative ... "An Examination of the Effectiveness of Multi-Dimensional Decision-Making Methods: A Decision-Making Paradox". International ...
... shared decision-making', to fully automated decision-making processes that make decisions on behalf of individuals or ... Automated decision-making (ADM) involves the use of data, machines and algorithms to make decisions in a range of contexts, ... Models used in automated decision-making systems can be as simple as checklists and decision trees through to artificial ... Automated decision-making involves the use of data as an input, either to be analysed within a process, model or algorithm, or ...
... an R package for multiobjective robust decision making sdtoolkit, scenario discovery toolkit for robust decision-making ( ... Robust decision-making (RDM) is an iterative decision analytics framework that aims to help identify potential robust ... In addition, RDM can be used to facilitate group decision-making in contentious situations where parties to the decision have ... "Improving the contribution of climate model information to decision making: the value and demands of robust decision frameworks ...
... , also known as aeronautical decision making (ADM), is a process that aviators perform to effectively ... Murray, Stephen R. (1 January 1997). "Deliberate Decision Making by Aircraft Pilots: A Simple Reminder to Avoid Decision Making ... "Pilot Decision Making - PDM - TP 13897". Transport Canada. Retrieved 23 June 2022. "Chapter 2: Aeronautical Decision-Making". ... Airline industries are motivated to create decision-making procedures supplemented by crew resource management (CRM) to advance ...
Making a major decision might take three days and two nights. This sometimes meant that the decision was in effect made by ... Consensus decision-making is an alternative to commonly practiced group decision-making processes. Robert's Rules of Order, for ... Consensus decision-making or consensus process (often abbreviated to consensus) are group decision-making processes in which ... The level of agreement necessary to finalize a decision is known as a decision rule. In very rapid decision-making, simple ...
It can be described as a procedural approach to decision-making, or as a step by step decision theory. Sequential decision ... Amir, Eyal (2014). "Reasoning and decision making". In Frankish, Keith; Ramsey, William M. (eds.). The Cambridge handbook of ... v t e (Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2019, All stub articles, Mathematics stubs, Decision-making). ... In artificial intelligence, sequential decision making refers to algorithms that take the dynamics[clarification needed] of the ...
... (also known as collaborative decision-making or collective decision-making) is a situation faced when ... "Decision Making: Factors that Influence Decision Making, Heuristics Used, and Decision Outcomes". Inquiries Journal/Student ... the leader makes the decision or, in an oligarchy, a coalition of leading figures makes the decision. Averaging Each group ... Victor Vroom developed a normative model of decision-making that suggests different decision-making methods should be selected ...
In a social decision making situation on top of the factors of decision making you have the added stress of another person or ... Studying and knowing what can affect someone's decision making and knowing what affects you and your decision making is the ... With social decision making it is taking both the process of decision making and the social aspect of other people and putting ... some schools provide a social decision making program that helps alleviate the stress that may be affecting decision making. ...
... may refer to: Decision-making, a cognitive process for selecting a course of action, in the context of ... on the study of medical decisions This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Medical decision-making. If ... health or medical diagnosis and treatment Medical Decision Making (journal), a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes ...
Decision-making as a team is a scientific process when that decision will affect a policy affecting an entity. Decision-making ... Cross-cultural differences in decision making Decision model Decision-making software Emotional choice theory Rational choice ... clear about how a decision will be made The roles and responsibilities for the decision making Who will own the process to make ... There are several models of decision-making: When using this model, the following conditions are assumed. The decision will be ...
This generic decision making process is assumed to apply to any dynamic decision making situation, when decisions are made from ... Dynamic decision-making (DDM) is interdependent decision-making that takes place in an environment that changes over time ... Gonzalez, C. (2005). Decision support for real-time dynamic decision making tasks. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision ... Research in dynamic decision-making is mostly laboratory-based and uses computer simulation microworld tools (i.e., Decision ...
... (also known as consensus/voting hybrid decision-making) is a term sometimes used to describe ... Consensus-based groups adopting fallback voting processes often do so in order to facilitate timely decision-making.[citation ... a formal decision process similar to the decision-making variant known as "formal consensus" but with the additional option of ... Many Green party organizations have adopted consensus-seeking decision-making processes.[citation needed] [1] by Rosa Koire: " ...
The Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) is a United States Army seven-step process for military decision-making in both ... military decision making process and 21st century warfare" - Access My Library Archived November 10, 2008, at the Wayback ...
Medical Decision Making is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the fields of decision-making and medical ... A sister open access journal focusing on applications of medical decision making, Medical Decision Making Policy & Practice, ... It was established in 1981 and is currently published by SAGE Publications on behalf of the Society for Medical Decision Making ...
Participatory Decision Making) "Future in the Alps" Database with best practice examples of new forms of decision-making in the ... Public participation in decision-making has been studied as a way to align value judgements and risk trade-offs with public ... Participatory decision-making can take place along any realm of human social activity, including economic (i.e. participatory ... What is the method of communication or decision-making? And how much influence or authority is granted to the participation? ...
Knowledge-Based Decision-Making (KBDM) in management is a decision-making process that uses predetermined criteria to measure ... Anon, Anon (n.d.). "The Steps of Knowledge Based Decision Making" (PDF). Making an Informed Decision. Retrieved 1 November 2015 ... "Knowledge based decision making - questions" (PDF). Pa-al-anon. O'Sullivan, David (2015-06-24). "Decision making in project ... a variety of tools based on software and structure have been developed to support decision making in groups. Decision Making ...
... (A-CDM), accessed 11 July 2019. Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) Impact ... Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) is a consortium that aims to improve the operational efficiency of all airport ... NOTAM A2986/18 NOTAM A2987/18 Official Airport Collaborative Decision Making website (CS1 maint: url-status, Articles with ...
... much of the decision-making process is unconscious and automatic. Information about how a decision is made is remembered and ... Classic models of judgment and decision-making assume that all individuals abide to a given set of assumptions when making a ... An integrative theory of judgment and decision making. Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research. pp. 201-245. ... Many individuals think largely in terms of emotions when asked to make a decision, and so the way in which a question is posed ...
It is the journal of both the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and the European Association for Decision Making. The ... humans need to be able to make a decision with sound judgment to provide for their family and or make the best decision ... Decision making is the process when someone will choose between multiple alternatives. As stated above, being able to make a ... Judgment and Decision Making is a bimonthly peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering the psychology of human ...
The different reports generated by these products play a major role in decision making. Decision Making is an important task in ... Collaborative decision-making". Computer Weekly. Retrieved November 6, 2016. "Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM)". ... The problem has become so prevalent that the need for collaborative decision making (CDM) software, a new approach making ... Business decisions should be made alongside business data to ensure steadfast, fact-based decision-making. An open-access ...
"Functional Group Decision-Making Theory". Randy Hirokawa; Kathryn Rost,"Effective Group Decision Making in Organizations: Field ... The Effective Group Decision-Making Theory is one of several theories of intercultural communication. Developed in the 1990s by ... Hirokawa was involved in another theory along with Denis Gouran on Functional Theory of Group Decision making in the 1980s. It ... Of those, the first half focuses on the influence of input on the process of decision-making. Here Oetzel assumes that ...
While data based decision making is a more common term, data-informed decision-making is a preferable term since decisions ... Another form of this process is referred to as Data-Driven Decision-Making (DDDM) which is defined similarly as making ... making key package/display and content decisions) to improve the success of educators' data-informed decision-making. In ... Data-informed decision-making (DIDM) gives reference to the collection and analysis of data to guide decisions that improve ...
... or data driven decision making refers to educator's ongoing process of collecting and analyzing ... ISBN 978-0-8077-5426-9. Wayman, Jeffrey (2005). "Involving teachers in data driven decision making:Using computer data systems ... Spillane, James P. (2012). "Data in Practice: Conceptualizing the Data-Based Decision-Making Phenomena". American Journal of ... Reeves, Patricia L.; Burt, Walter L. (2006). "Challenges in Data-based Decision-making: Voices from Principals". Educational ...
Intuitive decision-making can be contrasted with deliberative decision-making, which is based on cognitive factors like beliefs ... Intuitive decision-making is based on implicit knowledge relayed to the conscious mind at the point of decision through affect ... Studies of decision-making in high-risk environments suggest that individuals who self-identify as intuitive decision-makers ... Intuition in decision-making has been connected two assumptions: 1) Tacit decision - previous decisions are affecting and 2) ...
... for both rational decision-making and emotional decision-making focusing on the important role of emotions in decision-making ... Improving speed: While making a good decision is important, making a quick decision is also important. Therefore, emotions and ... A framework of emotional functions in decision making. Judgment and decision making, 3(1), 5-17. Isen, A. M. & Patrick, R., ... Managerial decision-making under crisis: The role of emotion in an intuitive decision process. Human Resource Management Review ...
... by Aerospace Power Journal in the spring of 2001-that his retirement was to allow the Secretary of Defense to make a decision ... In 1996 Fogleman created the Chief of Staff of the US Air Force (CSAF) Professional Reading Program in order to "develop a ... Fogleman's decision to share news of the signals that O'Grady had allegedly sent before the rescue operation was complete, led ...
Justice Stevens wrote that Congress's lack of direction made the decision difficult. "There is no evidence in the Act's ... Congress has not done so but instead has continued to revise the federal criminal laws and to create new federal crimes without ... and eight counts of making false statements in connection with the acquisition of a firearm in violation of § 922(a)(6). At ...
With a rigorous method that drew on the most reliable sources and documents, she made a series of publications - several ... influencing her decision to devote her life to research, after having been to the Pasdeloup concerts. She was one of the first ...
It would be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), and transferred to the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) ... "New Melones Project Water Rights Decision" (PDF). California State Water Resources Control Board. 1972. Retrieved February 16, ... Daily releases are made on a peaking basis; seasonal totals are dictated by irrigation (in summer) and flood control (in winter ... The federal Flood Control Act of 1944 authorized the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to build a 355-foot (108 m) arch dam with a ...
... stating that he did not make a formal decision yet. Democratic Senator Ben Cardin, a ranking member of the Senate Foreign ... Advanced to medal final on referee decision; ADV B - Advanced to consolation final on referee decision Mixed Qualification ... Advanced to next round on referee decision; FA - Qualify to medal final; FB - Qualify to consolation final; ADV A - ...
... (EP) is one of the top positions in the making of a commercial entertainment product. Depending on the ... The executive producer is responsible for business decisions and more recently, organizing the recordings along with the music ... whether due to increasing cost of film making for larger budget films, often met by multiple studios banding together, or ... An executive radio producer helps create, develop, and implement strategies to improve product and ratings. Creative executive ...
... until a decision by CAS on 31 July 2019 ordered the decision to be taken by the CAF Disciplinary Board, who on 7 August 2019 ... The newly built Education City Stadium, which was selected to host the final match, is also a host venue for the 2022 FIFA ...
This doctrine nonetheless created an incentive for federal authorities to coordinate with state law enforcement in the ... By giving a rationale for a broader interpretation of Fourth Amendment rights, the decision prepared the way for Mapp v. Ohio ( ... Elkins v. United States, 364 U.S. 206 (1960), was a US Supreme Court decision that held the "silver platter doctrine", which ... In a 5-4 decision, the Court overturned the silver platter doctrine and Elkins' conviction. Associate Justice Potter Stewart ...
The Tribunal is made up of from 1 to 4 administrative law judges, of whom one serves as Chief Judge. The Tribunal sits in both ... Decisions of the Tribunal are subject to judicial review. The Tribunal exists and draws its authority from a law enacted by the ... Created in 2012, the Tribunal is an administrative law forum of original jurisdiction for the adjudication of cases that ... The Illinois Independent Tax Tribunal (IITA) is an independent State of Illinois agency that creates a forum of original ...
... made the difficult decision to let Tim Hunter live in peace, thus breaking the cycle of abuse started by E's own ... E's nighttime activities made the news, and John Constantine knew it had to be E, so he summoned the other members of the ... These childhood experiences made Erik psychotic and a dangerous fanatic. He still had a deep love for his father, so he blocked ... Created by Bob Rozakis and Jack C. Harris, the character first appeared in Secrets of Haunted House #31 (December 1980) and was ...
Wright made his Bellator debut on May 18, 2012, at Bellator 69 against Josh Quayhagen, losing via unanimous decision. Wright ... He lost the bout via split decision. Wright faced Derek Loffer on October 18, 2013, at Bellator 104. He won via armbar ... He lost via technical unanimous decision after an upkick delivered by Wright was determined to be illegal by the referee, ... Wright fought LaRue Burley at Bellator 117 on April 18, 2014, and lost via unanimous decision. "Bellator 69 live results and ...
Owing to the continuous presence of protesters disagreeing with the 5-month old court decision, the operation was carried out ... A children magazine Flintas created a comic named Gynėjas Drąsius (Drąsius the Defender), inspired by the story of the deceased ... Lithuanian director Jonas Vaitkus was creating a play based on Kedys case, titled "Clan". The case was portrayed in the ...
The decision came as part of a new social justice campaign being introduced by the NFL, stemming from the league's ... Gibson, Travis (2022-02-03). "Mayor Curry backs bill that would make 'Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing' a national hymn". WJXT. ... Some African American fans who were interviewed by NBC News felt that the NFL's decision was "pandering" that would not have a ... James Clyburn Proposes To Make 'Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing' The National Hymn". Retrieved 2022-02-15. Berry, Deborah ...
Declan made his first championship appearance for Kerry in 2003 against Tipperary. He won the National Football League and All- ... It has been an incredibly difficult decision to arrive at but, after a lot of consideration, I feel now is the right time. ... South Kerry had the chance to make history in 2007 by capturing a fourth consecutive county title. All went to plan as the ... "O'Sé brothers create history at All-Stars". 19 October 2007. Retrieved 12 September 2011. Keys, Colm (18 June ...
The Commissioner Abbas Ali Baig takes the decision that he won't betray the country he lives in no matter what. He decides he'd ... Mission 11 July preaches that just how the wrong influences can make a terrorist, the perfect influencers may be able to change ... The movie suggests that people are not born terrorists, yet the wrong influences and circumstances may make them so. ... He now makes up his mind that the professor was right! He has to become a terrorist to help his kind, the Muslim. He decides to ...
His lack of education and three years of indoctrination are cited as reasons for his decision to stay. He returned to the U.S. ... Regarding his desertion Condron said "I made my gesture because I am against war. I have spent my years in China learning a lot ... During the Vietnam War, Adams made propaganda broadcasts for Radio Hanoi from their Chinese office, telling black American ... Allegations of American biological warfare during the Korean War have been reported to have influenced Condron's decision to ...
Courts these days are making policy-based decisions, untethered from any rule of law, aimed at killing patents they don't like ... Diehr decision)." He also blames the Federal Circuit for relying on the Supreme Court's decision in Parker v. Flook, as to ... That made the claimed subject matter patent-ineligible as a matter of law. The court said that it rejected Sequenom's argument ... 2015), was a controversial decision of the Federal Circuit in which the court applied the Mayo v. Prometheus test to invalidate ...
No edits should be made unless a player arrival or exit is announced. Updated 30 June 1990, 23:59 UTC+3. AEK Athens v ... 4th decision match. (C) Champion Notes: AEK Athens were punished with a one-year ban from all European competitions by the UEFA ...
On average, Japanese nurses will make around 280,000 yen a month. Until 2000, nurses made up about 4.5% of the women's work ... specific training to act as nurse practitioners and intervene in certain situations without awaiting a physician's decision. ... One of the older unions that relates to nursing is the Japanese Federation of Medical Workers Union, which was created in 1957 ... They include the Japan Visiting Nursing Foundation, which was founded in 1994 to create and improve home care services for the ...
... "big decision to make" when they discovered that Zafo had a show that night. Peto and Flek The main characters of Sifl and ... After a brief talk, usually Sifl and Olly decide to make out with Sex Girl. Sifl usually goes first, making awkward noises and ... such as breeding monkeys or building a water slide. He threatens to kick them out regularly, but the duo has already built a ... Instead, he made puppets out of his own socks and a large plastic sunflower and recorded a video of himself acting out their ...
... so that travelers can make timely and informed travel decisions. The success of ITS technology deployments is heavily dependent ...
Such decisions are again made by the cabinet of Turkey. The Governor of Manisa, as a civil servant, may not have any close ... As the commander of the provincial police and Gendarmerie forces, the Governor can also take decisions designed to limit civil ... The main role of the Governor is to oversee the implementation of decisions by government ministries, constitutional ...
They agree that they "will make Ararat," and God says, "On the whole, I am not sorry I created you." As for Noah, he declares ... demands an accounting for his decision to destroy the Tower of Babel. God has already explained that the creation of light ... building up and up," and "together . . . acted in such haste that frankly the covenant with Noah and all that was completely ... "No man is beaten until he knows and admits he is beaten, and that I will never know nor admit." Wells made a lecture tour in ...
She was later made dean of the College of Science, and from 2007 was provost and executive vice-president. In 2010, Saunders ... She resigned as president in May 2013, citing "fiercely negative media coverage" as one of the reasons for her decision. During ...
This decision was made after star Bill Paxton's untimely death in February. Zoo-Canceled on October 23, 2017, after three ... Making History-Canceled on May 11, 2017. The series concluded on May 21, 2017. Pitch-Canceled on May 1, 2017. Prison Break-The ... Andreeva, Nellie (May 11, 2017). "'Making History', 'Son Of Zorn' & 'APB' Canceled By Fox After One Season". Deadline Hollywood ... Andreeva, Nellie (May 10, 2017). "'Chicago Fire', 'Chicago PD' & 'Chicago Med' Renewed, No Decision On 'Justice'". Deadline ...
It has transparent magazine much like that of Steyr AUG and is made of polymer. The rear sight lies on one end of the breech ... The decision was taken by General Dalbir Singh, who wanted an indigenous rifle. The prototype had two stoppages after firing ... The 30-round magazine is made for the LMG version, but can be also used in the rifle. The flash suppressor also accepts NATO- ... The furniture is either made of wood or polymer. The polymer butt and forend assemblies differ from the AKM and are more ...
The commission was created by Act No. 52-893 on July 25, 1952. Numbers of appeal against decisions of OFPRA Year 2004: 51 707 ... is the French administrative court which was set up to review appeals from decisions of the OFPRA, granting, refusing or ... Year 2005: 38 563 The rate of annulment of the decisions of OFPRA was above 15% in 2005. The rate is variable depending on the ...
Seasonal mobility - analysing human movement patterns and monitoring changes in them are important for decision-making. For ... but the new concept of fast and expansive data collection improves the quality of decision-making processes and results in ... This makes MPD a great data source for gathering statistics, as it can fill in the gaps where other data sources are lacking. ... An important part was played by the E911 law accepted in the USA which made it mandatory to determine the original location of ...
She creates the video saying she is leaving as she hides in the secret room. The room has some one way mirrors where she can ... Nisha struggles with her decision, but decides to open the door and check on Roshni when the investigators give Nisha a package ... It is revealed that the house is owned by a British lady who shows Roshni a secret room built to hide her husband just in case ...
On 17 April 2015, Rickards co-presented Taking Tough Decisions: A Creative Problem-Solving Approach with Dr Rebecca Baron ( ... Challenging traditional models of creative thinking, leadership, problem solving and team building, Rickards' research has been ...
A collection of RAND research on the topic of Decisionmaking ... researchers created a framework with a decision aid, a taxonomy ... We describe the deep uncertainties affecting Belt and Road Initiative decision making, and identify drawbacks of existing BRI ... Appropriateness of Telemedicine Versus In-Person Care: A Qualitative Exploration of Psychiatrists Decision Making. ... Groundwater Modeling and Robust Decision Making. This study examines climate change and water resources management challenges ...
explain quantitative and qualitative data mining methods and to apply them to decision making ... Therrien (1989), Decision, estimation and classification. Wiley & Sons.. *Venables & Ripley (2002), Modern applied ...
... even the right decision can erode the engagement of stakeholders and lead to a lack of buy-in from the people you need most. ... calling out and owning the best decision-making process. People naturally default to collective engagement in decision-making ... Flexing your decision-making versatility and transparency is core to creating a sense of empowerment within your team and ... 4. Decision Fatigue. If a leader lacks confidence in making decisions themselves, every decision can become a collective ...
A 50 to 100 millisecond delay enables the brain to make better decisions. ... "Basically, by delaying decision onset-simply by doing nothing-you are more likely to make a correct decision," Dr. Teichert ... The Secret to Better Decision Making A 50 to 100 millisecond delay enables the brain to make better decisions. Posted March 10 ... "This way, rather than working longer or harder at making the decision, the brain simply postpones the decision onset to a more ...
We conclude that collective decision-making in microbes shares many features with collective decision-making in higher taxa, ... We conclude that collective decision-making in microbes shares many features with collective decision-making in higher taxa, ... Here, we present a conceptual overview of collective decision-making as it applies to all group-living organisms; we introduce ... Here, we present a conceptual overview of collective decision-making as it applies to all group-living organisms; we introduce ...
Models can help frame decision choices, but will seldom tell decision-makers which specific choices to make. Like every other ... As models become more detailed and relevant to real-time threats, the importance of modeling in public health decision-making ... Improving the evidence base for decision making during a pandemic: the example of 2009 influenza A/H1N1. Biosecur Bioterror ... CDC Grand Rounds: Modeling and Public Health Decision-Making. Weekly / December 9, 2016 / 65(48);1374-1377 ...
In Washington, a second Google executive said the worlds largest search engine had not changed its decision to stop censoring ...
"The Ethics Committee made the right decision today," said Chellie Pingree, president of Common Cause. "Now we hope the ... The committees decision launches a 45-day review of the complaint filed by Rep. Chris Bell, (D-TX), a one-term House member ... Common Cause on Tuesday commended the House Ethics Committee for its decision to consider a complaint filed against House ...
... Global HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are dynamic diseases that require high-quality, high-volume ... CDC experts make PEPFAR data come alive in ways that tell stories, relay urgencies, demonstrate progress, and make the case for ... and health economics who lead CDCs data-informed decision making. ... DREAMS: Making Futures Possible In South Africa. *Partnership for Success: CDC and Botswana Lead Progress Toward HIV Epidemic ...
... means that individuals have unprecedented amounts of information at their fingertips and new resources to inform every decision ... Data-Driven Decision-Making In Consumers Everyday Lives A Technographics® 360 Report: Using Survey, Qualitative, And ... and rely on information to make daily choices. ... at their fingertips and new resources to inform every decision ...
Shared Decision Making in Cardiology. - Heres why we still need human doctors, not computer algorithms. by Ethan Weiss MD ... I invite them to imagine how a computer might help me make this decision. Until then, I will struggle with finding an answer ... So the decision, in this case, really does fall on me - assuming I could convince the surgeons to agree. ... Circ CQO: New Shared Decision Making Series. * New Shared Decision-Making iPad Supplement ...
Manufacturing Tech. Plex is the Manufacturing Cloud, delivering industry-leading ERP and manufacturing automation to more than ... In the process, they boosted productivity and enhanced decision-making-without bursting the IT budget. ... Decision-makers now know whats going on in the business at all times-which enables them to be a more dependable supplier to ... "Because Accuride was built through acquisition, each of the different businesses we brought together had its own way of doing ...
This programme is designed for executives who must frequently make strategic decisions under high levels of uncertainty. ... If INSEAD has made an impact on your life, why not join a team of enthusiastic fellow volunteers, and give back to the school. ... Managers responsible for building high-performing teams. *Managers who frequently lead projects and want to improve their ... The Salamander offers insights into our vibrant alumni community of bold leaders who are making a difference in the world. Get ...
A team of neuroscientists and engineers have developed a system that can show the neural process of decision making in real ... One decision at a time. Neuroscience studies of decision making have generally involved estimating the average activity of ... But this process overlooks the intricacies of a single decision and the fact that every instance of decision making is slightly ... Stanford researchers observe decision making in the brain - and influence the outcomes. A team of neuroscientists and engineers ...
Centralised Decision Making[edit , edit source]. There are many advantages of highly centralised decision-making processes. ... Collaborative Decision Making[edit , edit source]. Collaboration in the organisational decision-making process involves using ... Leadership and Business Decision Making[edit , edit source]. What makes a good leader? Good leaders/managers procure and hire ... and can benefit greatly from centralised decision-making. In dire times for firms, a highly centralised decision-making ...
Errol Morris defended his decision to make his Steve Bannon documentary, American Dharma. ... Filmmaker Errol Morris on Wednesday defended his decision to make "American Dharma," a documentary about Steve Bannon that has ... Andrew Dominik Says Brad Pitt Is the Reason He Gets Out of Director Jail, Not Wanting to Make Bedtime Stories ...
Americas decision to recognise Israeli settlements makes peace less likely. *Silicon Valley is bad at making products that ... Americas decision to recognise Israeli settlements makes peace less likely. .css-13b9ga2{color:var(--ds-color-london-10);font- ... But Israel built scores of settlements anyway, so that 428,000 Israelis now live in the West Bank (not including East Jerusalem ... That would doom the two-state solution, whereby a Palestinian state would be created in the West Bank and Gaza. It would thus ...
... any time decision making involved distractions, or the need to ignore unnecessary information, anxious rats began making more ... For people living with anxiety, decision making can be overwhelming. Now, a recent study published in The Journal of ... According to the study, which tested the decision-making skills of anxious rats, anxiety disengages the prefrontal cortex (PFC ... a region of the brain that plays an important role in flexible decision making. Researchers injected a mild dose of an anxiety- ...
Multi-Criteria Decision Aid methods in fuzzy decision problems - part II. Special Issue in Symmetry: Multi-Criteria Decision ... Special Issue "Decision-Making and Uncertainty in Management". *Print Special Issue Flyer ... In addition, the proposed algorithm was found to be superior to other multiple-criteria decision-making techniques at managing ... Expected utility theory (EUT) is currently the standard framework which formally defines rational decision-making under risky ...
Research on the relationship between patient characteristics and the decision to pursue involuntary psychiatric admission is ... psychiatrists face the consequential decision to pursue involuntary inpatient psychiatric admission. ... Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalization: How Patient Characteristics Affect Decision-Making Psychiatr Q. 2022 Mar;93(1):297-310 ... Research on the relationship between patient characteristics and the decision to pursue involuntary psychiatric admission is ...
President Asif Ali Zardari has offered the major opposition party a share in decision-making on key issues confronting the ... The failure of successive governments after the dismissal of ours to attract investment in this sector has created a supply ... Business plans are under preparation for all other loss making PSEs like Pakistan Steel Mills, Pakistan International Airlines ...
... 1 mainstream-media outlet exposes serious gaffe. By Leo Hohmann ... His comment, made in open court on Friday, went unchallenged in the establishment media all weekend and into Monday, while WND ... Christians make up 10 percent of the Syrian population and were among the most persecuted and vulnerable of all Syrians as they ... They fill up LAX, they fill up JFK, they make it look like the whole countrys fit to be tied at this and then they ...
Background Readings on Plea Decision-Making Background Readings on Plea Decision-Making. Criminology & Law 101: Resource for ... Academic Background Readings on Plea Decision-Making. Alschuler, A.W. (1979). Plea bargaining and its history. Columbia Law ... Nagel, S.S. & Neef, M. (1976). Plea bargaining, decision theory, and equilibrium models: Part I. Indiana Law Journal, 51 (4). ... Nagel, S.S. & Neef, M. (1976). Plea bargaining, decision theory, and equilibrium models: Part II. Indiana Law Journal, 52 (1). ...
However, the Bitcoin Cash fork, which was created in August and allows for a greater volume of transactions, could give us a ... The statement announcing the decision reads, in part, "At this point, it has become untenable to support Bitcoin as a payment ... We may re-evaluate whether Bitcoin makes sense for us and for the Steam community at a later date." ... yet the possible solutions to these pitfalls could imperil the decentralization that makes bitcoin appealing in the first place ...
"This book is an interesting presentation of the most promising research in clinical decision making by scholarly authors from ... Informed consent: court viewpoints and medical decision making D. J. Mazur. 29. Forgive and remember: managing medical failure ... A comprehensive introduction to judgement and decision making in clinical medicine * Contributors include psychologists, ... The Decision Analytic Approach to Clinical Decisions:. 13. Clinical decisionmaking P. Doubilet and B. J. McNeil. 14. Recurrent ...
The Five Phases of Decision-Making - Part 1 Have you adopted a decision-making process that works well for you?. If you have, ... your next best action is based on making a decision as to what that action will be. How do you arrive at that decision?. ...
Experts say, however, theres a lot you can do to manage anxiety - techniques you can use to feel better and make wise choices ... and it can interfere with our ability to make decisions. ... Make an imperfect decision in an imperfect situation You might ... "Some things, you can say: This is not a decision I have to make," she said. Your kids messy bedroom, for example? Bufka said ... Anxiety makes us bad decision-makers. Heres how to do better even if youre worried about everything ...
Less restrictive means of decision-making supports (e.g., health-care proxies, advance directives, supported decision-making, ... and decision-making supports to develop as a decision-maker over the course of his or her lifetime. All people with IDD can ... and decision-making supports to develop as a decision-maker over the course of his or her lifetime. ... Autonomy, Decision-Making Supports, and Guardianship. April 7, 2019. /in Related To Rights/by TheArcAdmin. All individuals with ...
  • Making a choice to skip GT, especially if you have other parts of your year-end giving program designed and ready to launch, and most especially if your social media platforms are not what they could be, should be considered. (
  • As a leader, you're constantly making decisions that affect those around you. (
  • With more data and insights pouring into your business than ever before, many of those decisions are coming at lightning speed, so it's safe to say you may not always be conscious of the process you use to make them. (
  • Definitive decisions: There are times when leaders need to make a decision solo or with a small group of stakeholders. (
  • Collective decisions: In this process, a problem is presented to the entire team for a decision. (
  • Informed decisions: Sometimes a leader needs their team to act as advisors in order to make a final decision. (
  • A 50 to 100 millisecond delay enables the brain to make better decisions. (
  • The researchers found that a 50 to 100 millisecond delay enables the brain to make better decisions in the heat of the moment. (
  • In making decisions, the brain integrates many small pieces of potentially contradictory sensory information. (
  • The Columbia researchers had a hunch that the most effective way to reduce errors might be to delay the decision-making process for a split-second so that your brain can make better informed decisions. (
  • Through practice, practice, practice, Purkinje cells in the cerebellum become hardwired to make automatic decisions that require very little cerebral input. (
  • By combining diverse data sources, models can fill gaps when critical decisions must be made using incomplete or limited information. (
  • We applied Forrester's Technographics 360 methodology to reveal how individuals seek out data, perceive data-driven decisions, and rely on information to make daily choices. (
  • Let leadership spend less time tracking down data and more time making decisions with it. (
  • How should managers make decisions? (
  • Researchers injected a mild dose of an anxiety-inducing drug into one group of rats, and a placebo into another, and tested their ability to make decisions in order to reach a reward. (
  • Researchers observed numbing of PFC neurons in anxious rats, and believe that this impairment of the PFC is what made it more difficult for the anxious rats to make decisions on the fly. (
  • Recent debate in both Europe and North America has focussed on how clinicians make judgments and decisions, how these may be evaluated and how they could be improved. (
  • The Commission will adopt a presumption in favour of decisions being made at the lowest appropriate level within the Commission, so that decisions of similar complexity and impact are general made at similar levels within the Commission. (
  • Decisions must be made openly, impartially, with sound judgment and for justifiable reasons. (
  • For every brain, there exists the ideal conditions for making decisions. (
  • If you're struggling with anxiety and making poor decisions as a result, experts say there are techniques you can use to feel better and make wise choices. (
  • A few weeks later, Valentini was struggling with pandemic-related anxiety that made even the most basic decisions seem daunting . (
  • When you have a lot of anxiety you actually have trouble making decisions. (
  • And that's because their brain is not fully on to be able to make decisions. (
  • Why is it so hard to make decisions? (
  • Legally, each individual adult or emancipated minor is presumed competent to make decisions for himself or herself, and each individual with IDD should receive the preparation, opportunities, and decision-making supports to develop as a decision-maker over the course of his or her lifetime. (
  • Communication challenges should not be misinterpreted as lack of competency to make decisions. (
  • Families should have access to information about all options for assisting their family member to make decisions over the life course. (
  • Some statutory privacy measures have made it more difficult for those assisting other individuals to have access to their records, make decisions, or both. (
  • Taking full advantage of available traffic environment information, making control decisions, and then planning trajectory systematically under structured roads conditions is a critical part of intelligent vehicle. (
  • Supported Decision Making , the ruling in Olmstead vs. LC furthered the scope of the ADA, however the promise conferred cannot be realized if people with disabilities do not have access to the support they need to lead self-determined lives and make their own decisions. (
  • Save 'Making Inclusive Decisions' to your collection. (
  • Share 'Making Inclusive Decisions' with your friends. (
  • Healthcare has often used a paternalistic approach to medical decisions, with the healthcare professional making the decision and then informing, and sometimes convincing, the patient that this would be the best approach. (
  • Together, you and your provider can make better health care decisions. (
  • How are decisions usually made where you work? (
  • Actually, the decisions are taken by the main engineer and the technician, they get together in a meeting and make the decisions. (
  • I am a boss for myself, so the decisions are made by me. (
  • 3) "Supported decision-making" means a process of supporting and accommodating an adult with a disability to enable the adult to make life decisions, including decisions related to where the adult wants to live, the services, supports, and medical care the adult wants to receive, whom the adult wants to live with, and where the adult wants to work, without impeding the self-determination of the adult. (
  • The way people make decisions is messy - and it's only getting messier. (
  • Our aim was to understand how consumers make decisions in an online environment of abundant choice and limitless information. (
  • Are we collectively making better decisions about how to address these threats? (
  • At the executive level, people make decisions about the business overall. (
  • They may not be executives per se, but they make decisions that affect broad, businesswide risk factors. (
  • The strategic level ensures these decisions are working - and if they aren't, decision-makers should consider ways to improve them or how to adjust processes and workflows to accomplish what the executive level wants to achieve. (
  • Building a reporting structure that aligns with the needs of each group makes it easier for those groups to make better decisions. (
  • The data may be based on the same numbers, but it should be presented in a context that makes it relevant for each group and can inform the decisions they need to make. (
  • Given the level of evidence, this may be one of the best-documented but underused intervention in American medicine," says Michael J. Barry, M.D., president of the Informed Medical Decisions Foundation , a nonprofit that develops and disseminates shared decision making tools. (
  • Councillors make decisions on how we spend the money and which services we provide to the people of the Borders. (
  • Departments are managed by Directors who make sure that the decisions of the Councillors are carried out. (
  • The Councillors make their decisions in various committees. (
  • Councillors cannot make decisions on their own but must do so either collectively at a committee meeting, or in consultation with our officers. (
  • Take the stress (and procrastination) out of big decisions with this Make a Decision Pad, which will walk even the most stressed-out chooser through any fork in the road, big or small. (
  • All charter approval or denial decisions made in a public meeting with authorizers stating reasons for denials in writing. (
  • It also requires authorizers to make all charter approval or denial decisions in a public meeting and to state reasons for denials in writing. (
  • Arizona law requires authorizers to make decisions in public meetings. (
  • However, AI-guided decision making was not congruent with the way clinicians typically made decisions in diagnosing illnesses. (
  • To help families make good decisions. (
  • What makes ReceptorNet unique is that it focuses on improving the way treatment decisions are made for breast cancer patients. (
  • Our team has been working on using AI to understand patterns of cells and help make treatment decisions for several years. (
  • Does anyone else feel like making decisions over Zoom is a nightmare? (
  • When teams make decisions, they typically choose between two methods A) consensus or B) individual authority. (
  • For these decisions, you need to move slowly and carefully, collecting information and building consensus. (
  • Decisions aren't black and white, and neither should be our methods for making them. (
  • Great leaders make great decisions, right? (
  • Research commissioned by buying group Fairway Foodservice has identified that menus offering healthy alternatives is a key priority for consumers when making decisions on eating out - with vegan and vegetarian options on the rise and enticing meat eaters. (
  • You Cannot Make Progress Without Making Decisions. (
  • That is the topic for our next webinar, The importance of Data in Decisions, that both Quality and Project Management need buy-in on the data they create. (
  • Data is a collection of facts or information, and through data analysis, you'll learn how to use data to draw conclusions and make predictions and decisions. (
  • We use data daily to help us make decisions and improve performance. (
  • Topics include: basic terms and concepts, classification and behaviour of costs, recording product cost transactions for manufacturing firms, joint and by-product spoilage and waste, apportioning joint costs for multiple products, activity-based costing and information for management decisions. (
  • Learn the inner secrets and your triggers to make better decisions! (
  • Do you focus your decision making energy on micro decisions that makes little to no difference or macro decision that shapes and transforms your life? (
  • So when you think about the power that you have with decision making, it is usually said that, "Oh, you have all the power to make all the decisions. (
  • Every day we make decisions and decisions shape our lives. (
  • The decisions that you make. (
  • Whether through inertia or trepidation, investors who put off important investment decisions might consider the admonition offered by motivational speaker Brian Tracy, "Almost any decision is better than no decision at all. (
  • On our show about the sexting scandal, digital education expert Barbara Huth of Common Sense Education and local parent Gillian Huebner of the Montgomery County Council of PTAs, discussed how parents and educators can help guide young people to make smart decisions in the digital world. (
  • Huth says one of the things parents can do before making media-related decisions for their children is to preview ratings. (
  • Use this thorough PII scanning tool to enable permissioned users to quickly view flagged documents to confirm the presence of sensitive content, then make lifecycle decisions about the file or list item - approving, quarantining, or deleting - all from a single, central location. (
  • Apparently if you don't you end up making bad decisions if you are hungry. (
  • You tend to make dumber and even more impulsive decisions. (
  • But being hungry and having decisions to make end up working the same way. (
  • So any time you have a big day ahead of you at work and you will need to be making those decisions. (
  • This is a crucial step in making data available in a way that stakeholders can use to inform their decisions. (
  • To derive maximum value from optimization based analytics solutions, business leaders need access to decision support applications that can help them make confident business decisions at speed. (
  • MUSIC] The alternative to hierarchy, as a means of making decisions, is what we're going to call collective wisdom. (
  • The pandemic has clearly proven that the rational decision-making model, business schools' ideal and its theoretical definition of how decisions should be made, is not valid under conditions of VUCA. (
  • The process used to gather information in making decisions can be as important as the decisions. (
  • The two experimental groups had time constraints for performing the same tasks as the control group, namely, time decreased in 25% and 50% in relation to the average time spent by the control group to make their decisions. (
  • The educational process is diffused through features such as slide shows, podcasts and clinical case discussions, making accessible knowledge acquisition, paradigm shift, practice updates and thus allowing to take more effective and assertive decisions. (
  • ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the decision making of students from a nursing higher school and understand how they make decisions in the care process. (
  • Evidence-informed health policymaking is an approach to policy decisions that aims to ensure that decision making is well-informed by the best available research evidence" [1] . (
  • In this Perspective, the author examines the inherent flaws in the function of key Israeli decisionmaking entities and in the process as a whole, their underlying causes, and potential avenues to improve the decisionmaking apparatus. (
  • But did you know that the process might be just as important to your business as the decision itself? (
  • For example, this process might be used in situations where time is of the essence, a directive from another company leader has been given or a sub-group is tasked with a decision that will benefit the whole. (
  • This occurs when everyone (or every team) gets to be part of the decision-making process, even if they don't have the data, insights or experience to make the right choice. (
  • Previous studies have shown that response accuracy can be improved by prolonging the decision-making process, which gives the brain time to collect more information. (
  • Therefore, the process of delaying a decision to improve accuracy is referred to as the "speed-accuracy trade-off. (
  • Postponing the onset of the decision process by as little as 50 to 100 milliseconds enables the brain to focus attention on the most relevant information and block out irrelevant distractors," said co-author Jack Grinband. (
  • Such coordination requires a process of collective decision-making, in which individuals detect and collate information not only from their physical environment, but also from their social environment, in order to arrive at an appropriately calibrated response. (
  • We define collective decision-making in its broadest sense as the process by which a group of individuals uses social information to arrive at a state of adaptive group-level coordination. (
  • Ideally, modeling is a multistep process that involves communication between modelers and decision-makers, allowing them to gain a mutual understanding of the problem to be addressed, the type of estimates that can be reliably generated, and the limitations of the data. (
  • Plex is the Manufacturing Cloud, delivering industry-leading ERP and manufacturing automation to more than 450 companies across process and discrete industires. (
  • In the process, they boosted productivity and enhanced decision-making-without bursting the IT budget. (
  • A team of neuroscientists and engineers have developed a system that can show the neural process of decision making in real time, including the mental process of flipping between options before expressing a final choice. (
  • The system successfully revealed the monkeys' ongoing decision-making process in real time, complete with the ebb and flow of indecision along the way. (
  • But this process overlooks the intricacies of a single decision and the fact that every instance of decision making is slightly different: The myriad factors influencing whether you choose to read this article today will differ from those that would affect you if you were to make the same decision tomorrow. (
  • Inside the monkeys' brains, however, the decision process was less obvious. (
  • Have you adopted a decision-making process that works well for you? (
  • Moran Cerf, neuroscientist and professor at Kellogg School of Management explains how to improve the decision-making process. (
  • Firstly, an acceleration field related to relative velocity and relative distance was built based on the analysis of braking process, and acceleration was taken as an indicator of safety evaluation. (
  • These guidelines often focus more on carrying out the guideline and less on the individual patient's values in the decision-making process. (
  • Decision talk: supporting the process of deliberating on the best option. (
  • Although patients may find it unusual to be asked to be involved in decision-making, they often become more comfortable with the process once they are involved in it. (
  • Patients' level of willingness to participate in the decision-making process can be influenced by several factors. (
  • The research shows that patients want more involvement in decision-making than what typically occurs now, so it is important for nurses to explore a patient's desire to be involved in the decision-making process. (
  • Providing nurses with training in shared decision-making will help them to integrate shared decision-making with evidence-based practice to deliver patient-centered care and involve patients in the decision-making process. (
  • You can bring friends or family members to your visits to help in the shared decision making process. (
  • I think we should first be clear about the process we'll use to make the decision. (
  • Doctors need to develop a better understanding of what is going on in their patients' minds, of how the way they present treatment options can inadvertently influence patients, and of how they can participate with patients in a process of shared decision-making. (
  • Here they share their latest research on the buyer decision process. (
  • The paper presents one such decision making tool called Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP), a technique for complex decision making used for large-scale, multi-party, multi-criteria decision analysis. (
  • The outcome of the study is a mathematical solution to the perennial subjective decision making process in the form of a structured methodology culled out from varied disciplines of economics, psychology and mathematics. (
  • The process of AHP begins by converting an existing decision dilemma into a hierarchy of easily deciphered and understood sub-problems, each of which can then be analyzed independently. (
  • Walailak & McCarthy (2002) propounded an application of the analytical hierarchy process to international location decision-making [10]. (
  • Because decision aids play a vital role in the shared decision making process, a number of research groups, companies, and health systems have been developing them. (
  • However, decision-making is a complex process, which can also be influenced by external factors, such as the environment or other individuals, and by our internal states, such as our mood, our level of attention or our degree of motivation. (
  • But with new hybrid environments, a rollercoaster economy, and every workplace process being rewritten in real time, our old models of decision making are not keeping up. (
  • Anda bisa DOWNLOAD DECISION MAKING PROCESS CHART untuk membantu memetakan proses pengambilan keputusan Anda. (
  • Finally, you will examine the steps of the project closing process and how to create and share project closing documentation. (
  • Describe how to create continuous improvement and process improvement and how to measure customer satisfaction. (
  • And the most important reason is your decision making process. (
  • The Constitution makes no reference to abortion, and no such right is implicitly protected by any constitutional provision, including the one on which the defenders of Roe and Casey now chiefly rely-the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. (
  • I think a key thing in this decision-making process is understanding from the patient, what are you worried about? (
  • Concerning decision-making process in HTA, numerous tools and projects emerged on the last years on the information systems field, allying the production of evidence-based data and the review of the applicability of those. (
  • Instead of making promises about outcomes, express the uncertainty of the situation and a confident belief in the process to fix the problem and address public safety concerns. (
  • A Proposed Decision Framework for DoD Investment in Nuclear Energy Technology: Focused on Microreactors at DoD Locations in the U.S. (
  • Proposes a decision framework to help DoD decisionmakers determine whether an investment in nuclear energy technologies is worthwhile. (
  • To help the U.S. Department of Homeland Security plan and assess joint activities, researchers created a framework with a decision aid, a taxonomy, a tool for selecting program types, and recommendations for structuring joint programs for success. (
  • This technique facilitates a logical and comprehensive structured framework for framing a decision dilemma, for representing and quantifying its criteria, for relating those criteria into overall objectives, and for evaluating alternative options and solutions [3]. (
  • In fact, the question of origins enhances critical thinking through a decision-making framework. (
  • But the use of such aids as part of "shared decision making"-a communication approach that seeks to balance clinicians' expertise with patients' preferences-has until recently been limited to research trials. (
  • To address this problem, some private payers and public policymakers, as well as some health care systems, are encouraging the practice of shared decision making, which involves not just a physician recommending a course of action, or a patient left on their own to make a choice, but rather both parties working together to balance clinicians' experience and expertise with patients' preferences and values. (
  • With the rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) and related technologies, AI algorithms are being embedded into various health information technologies that assist clinicians in clinical decision making. (
  • This study aimed to explore how clinicians perceive AI assistance in diagnostic decision making and suggest the paths forward for AI-human teaming for clinical decision making in health care. (
  • AI technology in health care is therefore expected to streamline clinicians' clinical and administrative decision making by providing prompt data analyses and the necessary recommendations to make health care more efficient and cost-effective. (
  • However, the decision support system identified 4 patients not identified by the clinicians (21) . (
  • It is possible to make primary care a place where clinicians will want to work and will recommend to others as well. (
  • This article is intended for clinicians who want to maintain a current understanding of recent research and evidence in decision making for predicting cardiovascular events in patients at risk for coronary events. (
  • Before we dig into the mistakes leaders make that damage team engagement, let's define the three decision-making processes that I target to help an organization run efficiently and effectively. (
  • 0 × 4 = 0 - The state law does not include any of the model law's provisions for transparent charter application, review, and decisionmaking processes. (
  • 1 × 4 = 4 - The state law includes a small number of the model law's provisions for transparent charter application, review, and decisionmaking processes. (
  • Alaska's law includes a small number of the model law's provisions regarding transparent charter application, review, and decision-making processes. (
  • The World Health Organization has conducted a five-day capacity-building training for 22 national health observatory focal points from Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda to generate a series of knowledge products that will support health decision-making processes. (
  • With every other aspect of workplace life turned upside down, it's time to embrace change and radically redesign our decision-making processes as well. (
  • We discussed four key decision-making strategies that can help you reframe and improve your decision-making processes. (
  • In late 2021, building on the successes around closing the data gaps and making the fertilizer data more accessible through dashboards, VIFAA received funding to expand the program to include four to six additional countries through 2023. (
  • In response to rapid inflation and global currency fluctuations, and in our continued effort to make diverse, equitable, and inclusive research more accessible, IGI Global is now offering a 10% discount on our hardcover print books, e-books, and article and chapter (OnDemand) purchases through December 31st, 2022 directly on IGI Global's Online Bookstore. (
  • It certainly makes sense in the middle of a pandemic. (
  • This book is an interesting presentation of the most promising research in clinical decision making by scholarly authors from various disciplines. (
  • The editors have provided as complete a book on clinical decision making as is currently available. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Clinical decision making: managing postprandial hyperglycemia. (
  • Hurel SJ, Mohan V. Clinical decision making: managing postprandial hyperglycemia. (
  • Aim: to verify the diagnostic criteria and thresholds for clinical decision making for dental caries inside of a group of DSs. (
  • AI to Enhance Clinical Value in Cardiovascular Healthcare How might artificial intelligence improve clinical decision-making? (
  • Clinical decision making for caries management in children. (
  • There is typically little ambiguity, and you make the correct decision quickly, in a matter of tens of milliseconds. (
  • This paper aims to clarify the role of intuition in managerial decision making by identifying when intuitive decision making is typically applied, of what value it is for organizations and what inhibits its application. (
  • abstract = "Purpose:This paper aims to clarify the role of intuition in managerial decision making by identifying when intuitive decision making is typically applied, of what value it is for organizations and what inhibits its application.Design/methodology/approach:The authors combine insights from cognitive and social psychology with empirical evidence from a survey study with Austrian organizations.Findings:In conjunction with deliberation, intuitive decision making contributes positively to organizational performance. (
  • Mathematical models incorporate various data sources and advanced computational techniques to portray real-world disease transmission and translate the basic science of infectious diseases into decision-support tools for public health. (
  • Make a contribution to support Common Cause today. (
  • Cloud-based ERP systems make it easy to support employees logging-in on via smart phones and tablets. (
  • The statement announcing the decision reads, in part, "At this point, it has become untenable to support Bitcoin as a payment option. (
  • As a result of the Olmstead decision more people with increasingly diverse disabilities are living in the community and support needs to be innovative and responsive. (
  • Shared decision making helps you and your provider choose a treatment you both support. (
  • He also cautioned that if CMS chose to support screening, shared decision-making using defined decision aids should be required. (
  • We've created dedicated pages to provide information, advice and support during the Cost of Living crisis. (
  • Evaluation of Decision-Making Support Systems. (
  • Encyclopedia of Decision Making and Decision Support Technologies, edited by Frederic Adam and Patrick Humphreys, IGI Global, 2008, pp. 320-328. (
  • In F. Adam, & P. Humphreys (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Decision Making and Decision Support Technologies (pp. 320-328). (
  • Here, we describe several specific efforts to develop methods for the representation of meta-information in C2 decision-support tools, including methods to support asset allocation (e.g., for air-based ISR, for addressing ground-based threats, for neutralizing near-space or space-based threats). (
  • In this paper, we discuss these methods within example domains, and discuss lessons learned for the design of future C2 decision-support systems. (
  • What does "computer decision support for antimicrobial prescribing" mean? (
  • Hence, there is a need to build national capacity on research methods and ethics to support the uptake of evidence and translation of knowledge into ethical practice taking into account the local context (health care delivery system, determinants of health and individuals' behaviour). (
  • This qualitative review explores the relevance of integrating shared decision-making to evidence-based practice while examining different models that nurses can use with patients who have chronic conditions. (
  • The decision making practice (DMP) document to be used for HL7 Work Groups can be found below. (
  • Saying leaders are natural decision-makers is like saying Simone Biles is so talented she never has to practice. (
  • We aimed to systematically evaluate quality of shared decision -making (SDM) in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and consensus statements (CSs). (
  • build consensus on recommended actions to further develop national capacity on research methods/ethics and utilization of research evidence in public health practice. (
  • Evidence-based and informed decision-making will not happen without translating evidence into reliable, sustainable, widespread practice. (
  • This document presents results from the second round of cognitive interviews with draft items on doctor discussions about PSA testing and decision making. (
  • This result conflicts with the legal presumption of competence and with principles of autonomy, decision-making supports, presumption of competence, and the use of less restrictive alternatives. (
  • This session will introduce the principles of supported decision-making and explore the connection to this landmark civil rights law. (
  • In Washington, a second Google executive said the world's largest search engine had not changed its decision to stop censoring its Chinese language search site in compliance with Beijing's dictates even if it means leaving that market. (
  • Serving in the dual roles of guardian and paid service provider or paid advocate creates a conflict of interest or the appearance of a conflict of interest. (
  • The ACCME defines "relevant financial relationships" as financial relationships in any amount, occurring within the past 12 months, including financial relationships of a spouse or life partner, that could create a conflict of interest. (
  • Neuroscientists at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) have discovered that postponing the making of a decision by a fraction of a second can dramatically improve outcomes. (
  • This study is the first to pinpoint exactly how long of a delay optimizes outcomes when making a decision. (
  • Here in my workplace, usually the decision is made by relevent project staffs who involve reporting and evaluating the project consequences and outcomes. (
  • Have you been stuck trying to solve a problem or make a decision and finding yourself nearly obsessed with reviewing the pros and cons and possible outcomes? (
  • Today, we're going to talk about the way shared decision-making can affect the quality of care and hopefully improve outcomes for our patients with heart failure . (
  • While substantial attention has been focused by WHO on the importance of ethical health research and creating evidence for universal health coverage;1 properly designed and implemented health research is not used enough for planning effective strategies for improving health outcomes, especially in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region. (
  • 2 researchers and practitioners, respectively, ensures better outcomes and sound health policy- making. (
  • This volume provides students, teachers and practitioners with a comprehensive introduction to the main descriptive and prescriptive approaches to judgment and decision making in clinical medicine. (
  • The control group had no time constraints for each task of judgment and decision making. (
  • With on-demand scanning, you can flag specific libraries, sites or site collections for content discovery or enable a real-time content shield to perform analysis of files as they are created, modified, moved or destroyed. (
  • Users will also have access to Sensitive Content Analysis Reports that allow them to build a detailed picture across SharePoint for files or lists arranged by specific types of detected terms or custom scopes. (
  • By facilitating dialogue about what data are available and what data are needed to answer these questions, modelers can aid decision-makers as an outbreak situation evolves ( 11 ). (
  • As a key implementing partner of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) invests in and makes use of multiple and complementary sources of data to ensure accountability, efficiency, and impact . (
  • CDC is home to world-class public health experts in science, data analysis and use, epidemiology, surveillance, health information systems, and health economics who lead CDC's data-informed decision making. (
  • PEPFAR survey data inform HIV program planning and target setting and are used to make rapid improvements to programs in real-time. (
  • It is also important to synthesize and visualize these data for comprehension and use by stakeholders and decision-makers. (
  • CDC experts make PEPFAR data come alive in ways that tell stories, relay urgencies, demonstrate progress, and make the case for necessary improvements. (
  • This uncertainty may concern input data representing alternatives and weights of criteria or preferences of the decision-maker when comparing alternatives. (
  • Policy-capturing models, data-based aids, expert ('knowledg-based') systems and decision analysis are the main techniques introduced, with attention to both their methodological bases and practical evaluation. (
  • But there is a cruder way of making inferences: data in the diary. (
  • In today's world, we are overwhelmed with data, and the ability to consume it shapes our decision-making. (
  • While QA and Dev teams rely on reports that are created from multi environments, multiple data sets. (
  • Join BCforward's Patrick Wagner, Josh Brenneman, and Travis Brown to take a deeper dive into Best Practices around Data Management and Decision making in the Digitized era. (
  • Next, you will examine how to prioritize data, how to use data to inform your decision-making, and how to effectively present that data. (
  • You will learn the value of gathering data, how to prioritize data to meet project needs, and how to use data to inform your decision-making. (
  • There are 2.5 quintillion bytes of data created each day. (
  • For stakeholders who need information for decision making, a lack of reliable data is a significant barrier. (
  • The Visualizing Insights on Fertilizer for African Agriculture (VIFAA) program is working towards making fertilizer-related data, a key subset of agriculture data, more accessible to stakeholders for decision making. (
  • The data was also in accordance with the results of Svenson and Benson (1993) since framing effects on decision making tended to disappear with the increase in time pressure. (
  • In other words, rather than one individual at the top of the organization making a decision, collective wisdom says that a large number of people either, the bottom of the organization or indeed outside the boundaries of the organization their views are taken into account, we aggregate their views. (
  • All interested stakeholders are encouraged to contribute to the dialogue and to consider the suggestions for action that emerge, using the appropriate decision making procedures for implementing changes within their organization. (
  • May 9, 2019 -- In ancient legend, the Greek army besieging Troy employed a ruse at the end of a decade-long war, constructing a giant wooden horse of surpassing beauty that was presented to the Trojans as a peace offering outside the city gates. (
  • In an article published January 14, 2019, in JAMA Internal Medicine , Goodwin et al reported that few primary care physicians (10%) provide shared decision-making. (
  • Stanford neuroscientists and engineers used neural implants to track decision making in the brain, in real time. (
  • During public health emergencies, decision-makers need to quantify the risk to the public, delineate priorities with a clear and narrow focus, and maintain flexibility in considering options. (
  • This forecast of geographic spread of Ebola allowed decision-makers to prioritize where to direct resources to improve surveillance ( 12 ). (
  • Decision-makers now know what's going on in the business at all times-which enables them to be a more dependable supplier to customers. (
  • It is important that decision makers have not already taken a firm view on a matter, nor give the appearance of having made up their mind before the formal consideration of a regulatory matter. (
  • Anxiety makes us bad decision-makers. (
  • they must also be assisted to develop as decision-makers through education, supports, and life experience. (
  • Rather than prescribing a correct decision, the AHP helps decision makers find one that best suits their goal and their understanding of the problem [6]. (
  • Cultural issues can also be a factor, along with the large number of decision-makers who may be involved. (
  • ABU DHABI- A wide cross-section of Middle Eastern experts, including representatives from government, multilateral institutions, civil society, media, academia and the literary world, have called upon decision-makers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) to heed the call to action of Arab youth and build a better future, following launch of the 13th annual ASDA'A BCW Arab Youth Survey on Tuesday. (
  • This research stresses the merits and dangers of intuitive decision making and advises managers how to become "good" intuitive decision makers. (
  • The second, in November 2014, commented on a subsequent decision by the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to override MEDCAC and raised concern that the "most insidious mandate" in the CMS final opinion -- to require shared decision-making on screening between physicians and patients -- might represent a "poison pill" inserted into Medicare provisions with deliberate intent to delay and restrict uptake of lung cancer screening. (
  • Less restrictive means of decision-making supports (e.g., health-care proxies, advance directives, supported decision-making, powers of attorney, notarized statements, representation agreements, etc.) should be tried and found to be ineffective in ensuring the individual's decision-making capacity before use of guardianship 2 as an option is considered. (
  • Pros and cons of different options are weighed by the team before coming to a near collective decision. (
  • A leader approaches their team, asking them to make a collective decision, even though the leader themselves or a small group of stakeholders have already decided to go in a predetermined direction. (
  • We conclude that collective decision-making in microbes shares many features with collective decision-making in higher taxa, and we call for greater integration between this fledgling field and other allied areas of research, including in the humanities and the physical sciences. (
  • Although we have only relatively recently begun to consider these questions in a microbial context, there exists already a sizeable literature in the natural and social sciences on the general topic of collective decision-making in animals and humans. (
  • Here, we highlight some general concepts and results from this literature that are relevant to the study of collective decision-making in microbes. (
  • Before we continue, we need to clearly define what is meant by "collective decision-making," since, despite the large body of literature on this subject, a standard definition is sadly lacking. (
  • This way, rather than working longer or harder at making the decision, the brain simply postpones the decision onset to a more beneficial point in time. (
  • As models become more detailed and relevant to real-time threats, the importance of modeling in public health decision-making continues to grow. (
  • However, any time decision making involved distractions, or the need to ignore unnecessary information, anxious rats began making more wrong choices. (
  • Business plans are under preparation for all other loss making PSEs like Pakistan Steel Mills, Pakistan International Airlines, Trading Corporation of Pakistan and Utility Stores Corporation, with a time frame of 4-6 months for implementation, the President asked for the cooperation of the PML-N in pursuing the economic reforms agenda through the restructuring plan. (
  • We might make a wrong decision and waste time. (
  • Winning millions makes them ecstatically happy at first, but as time passes, they end up no happier than people who didn't play the lottery. (
  • This may seem like a time consuming business, but it is important that Councillors have enough information to allow them to make a considered judgement on behalf of the people of the Borders. (
  • Waiting for a crisis is never the best time to make a life decision. (
  • The knowledge generation, orientation and capacity building workshop was part of the strategy to expand the integrated African Health Observatory (iAHO), a platform that provides real-time overview and reliable health information in the WHO African Region. (
  • Because of the dynamics of the markets, an investment that may have once made good sense at one time may no longer be advantageous today. (
  • make sure you have a meal or two before the decision making time. (
  • This article presents an experiment that aimed to measure the effect of time pressure on consumers' decision making. (
  • For people living with anxiety, decision making can be overwhelming. (
  • A number of very effective decision tools have been suggested which falls under the category of multiple criteria decision making. (
  • The main question here is regarding which decision-making tools are used. (
  • 2 But in spite of the evidence that patients value the tools and learn from them, and in spite of their potential to reduce inappropriate use and control costs, decision aids and shared decision making are not in widespread use. (
  • This will involve creating new skill sets to ensure our youth are prepared for the new economy. (
  • People loop through these twin modes of exploration and evaluation, repeating the cycle as many times as they need to make a purchase decision. (
  • In addition, the development of a software for the evaluation of framing effects on consumers' decision making is also presented. (
  • It also could lead to new training strategies to improve decision making in complex high-stakes environments, such as air traffic control towers and military combat. (
  • Listen to a meeting in which colleagues make a decision to practise and improve your listening skills. (
  • One strategy that can simplify and improve decision-making is to break these conversations down to three levels: executive, strategic and tactical. (
  • How does shared decision-making improve the standard of care in heart failure? (
  • RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision making through research and analysis. (
  • Research on the relationship between patient characteristics and the decision to pursue involuntary psychiatric admission is limited. (
  • The contributors, who include psychologists, economists, decision theorists, statisticians, lawyers and sociologists, as well as medical specialists, provide examples of recent empirical research and its applications, as well as outlining the relevant concepts and theories. (
  • And as COVID-19 has accelerated online shopping and research around the world, it's more important than ever for brands to learn how to make sense of it. (
  • Through the research, an updated decision-making model began to take shape. (
  • A host of research study has been conducted in past few decades on economics of decision making. (
  • A large number of research papers and articles were studied and analyzed specifically in knowing as to how AHP as decision making tool have been used and applied in recent times. (
  • Patients viewing decision aids also chose to pursue major elective invasive surgery less often-a finding that has caught the attention of those hoping to reduce overuse or misuse: research has shown that as much as 25 percent of elective surgery may be unnecessary or inappropriate. (
  • If you're in industry or government and looking to access the technology, research or education expertise at Monash University, make us your first point of call. (
  • The WHO Regional Office pays special attention to the strategic importance of health research capacity-building and knowledge transfer and translation in promoting evidence- based policy-making. (
  • Shared decision making is when health care providers and patients work together to decide the best way to test for and treat health problems. (
  • Now some health systems and public policymakers are supporting more widespread use of shared decision making in efforts to promote patient engagement, reduce inappropriate use, and control costs. (
  • A literature review of shared decision making trials that involved patient engagement, use of decision aids, and discussion of health problems and potential treatments found that this communication approach is consistently linked to greater satisfaction among patients. (
  • The PMO is built on cross-reporting several projects to assess the health of each scrum team. (
  • His work over the last three decades have focused on finding means to facilitate decision-making in the health system. (
  • From English "pretty darn quick," PDQ-Evidence is a project that aims to promote access to systematic reviews about results based on evidence related to health systems, with the potential to assist in decision-making as it allows the connection between the systematic reviews, panoramas and primary studies. (
  • Applying ethical standards to health care decision-making decreases health care costs and improves satisfaction with health care service delivery. (
  • For better decision making in health. (
  • The showcase intends to be a tool for the users, providing ready made searchs on the Virtual Health Library (VHL) database, along with links of materials and databases on the EIP methodology, aiding on the implementation and execution of this method. (
  • The dissemination of the EIP methodology is essential for policymaking and for decision-making in health. (
  • The advisors' dilemma: informed decision making in times of limited evidence? (
  • 02. 'A week after making each choice, look at the entire list and rank them in terms of how good a decision you feel they've proven to be. (
  • Patients are having trouble figuring out: 'Is this a good decision or not? (
  • The essential requirements for effective shared decision-making are good communication skills to establish rapport, knowledge to provide information about the risks and benefits of a decision, and the ability to understand the patient's values and preferences. (
  • When facing a big decision, you want to choose a provider who is good at communicating with patients . (
  • In a good or a bad mood, focused or distracted, in dire or no need: our internal states directly influence our perceptions and decision-making. (
  • Text him little stuff here and there making sure he's good and everything is good with his family and if he needs something. (
  • I've talked to people who are making a 175,000, 200,000, $300,000 a year, having really good jobs only to find out they're fired as they get older because the company thinks they're paying too much for that person and they'd rather hire someone at $40,000 and have them do the same job. (
  • These methods include techniques for the visual portrayal of meta-information in C2 decision-making systems as well as approaches to the computation, when necessary, of that meta-information. (
  • This week, we'll be learning about traditional and alternative approaches to coordination and decision making, and how you can experiment with some of the new alternative ideas in your own company. (
  • Because Accuride was built through acquisition, each of the different businesses we brought together had its own way of doing things, and some of our brands were using older ERP systems that didn't fit with our business vision," explains Paul Wright, IT Director. (
  • Save Business Decision-Making Workshop/Workshop Tomada de Decisão Empresarial to your collection. (
  • Share Business Decision-Making Workshop/Workshop Tomada de Decisão Empresarial with your friends. (
  • AHP has particular application in group decision making [4] and is used around the world in a wide variety of decision situations, in fields such as government, business, industry, healthcare, shipbuilding and education [5]. (
  • Historically, technology and business groups have approached risk from different perspectives, which creates challenges that can hamper decision-making about risk management. (
  • I recently had the pleasure of joining Michelle Florendo on Ask A Decision Engineer to talk about how teams can design a more intentional approach to decision making. (
  • A multidisciplinary heart team approach that emphasizes shared decision making in patients with complex CAD is essential to offer the patient the best chance of a successful revascularization strategy. (
  • Shared decision-making aims to have the healthcare professional and the patient jointly arrive at a healthcare decision. (
  • Without transparency, even the right decision can erode the engagement of stakeholders and lead to a lack of buy-in from the people you need most. (
  • In 2014, I also shared a concern that gratuitously inaccurate information on risks and benefits of lung cancer screening in decision aids for shared decision-making would be culled from a 2012 Annals of Internal Medicine article by Michael Gould and Peter Bach (both participants in the MEDCAC meeting). (
  • Cite this: Shared Decision-Making in Chronic Care - Medscape - Feb 10, 2015. (
  • Every gift makes a difference, INSEAD is pleased to recognise our donors at all levels. (
  • Additionally, we no longer excluded men who had been diagnosed with an enlarged prostate or BPH in the past, as NCI decided this issue will be handled analytically in studies using the PSA decision-making items. (
  • The objectives of the article are to understand the interrelationship between considered criteria and available alternatives, to grasp the basics of decision making and decision analysis and to use decision making and decision analysis in assessing the scope for cost-reduction (economics of decision making). (
  • The Ethics Committee made the right decision today," said Chellie Pingree, president of Common Cause. (
  • I still don't think this is the right decision, but I'm happy to go with the majority. (
  • Current trends presume the decision-making capacity of individuals with IDD and the preservation of legal capacity as a priority for all people needing assistance with decisionmaking. (
  • Martin has made clear that his main priority this summer is the London Olympics, and not the Tour. (
  • Urge the President to make peace in Sudan a priority now. (
  • Make peace in Sudan a priority now. (
  • Filmmaker Errol Morris on Wednesday defended his decision to make " American Dharma ," a documentary about Steve Bannon that has drawn further attention to the controversial former chief strategist for Donald Trump and his right-wing views. (
  • There is a legal obligation for informed consent in healthcare treatment, but the patient's input into decision-making is not a required component of informed consent. (
  • The entities in the hierarchy can depict any aspect of the decision situation―it can be implicit or explicit, exactly monitored or approximated guess, thoroughly or partially represented, completely or poorly understood―anything at all that fits into the dilemma on hand. (
  • METHODS: Using an online survey with a randomized experimental design among PCPs in a national database, we ascertained decision-making around atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease prevention and prostate cancer screening for case scenario patients who were clinically identical except for randomized reported race. (
  • A leader empowers the people on their team to make a decision, yet they already have a definitive viewpoint they're not willing to let go of. (
  • People with IDD should be aware of and have access to decision-making supports for their preferred alternatives. (
  • Supported decision making is a nimble tool that provides opportunities for people experiencing a variety of disabilities to exert control in their lives. (
  • The cumulative result of all of these provisions in the CMS decision will be a marked reduction in the number of people at risk who will be screened. (
  • Acknowledge in words what people are feeling--it builds trust. (
  • There are no formal calculations involved in determining the outcome and it is often based on non scientific evidence, e.g. "gut instinct" when making a trade. (
  • apply critical thinking, problem solving and presentation skills to individual and/or group activities dealing with cost information for decision making and demonstrate in individual summative assessment tasks the acquisition of a comprehensive understanding of the topics covered by ACB2020. (
  • It would thus force Israel to make a dreadful choice about its future. (
  • Just before the lockdown began, London-based writer Valentina Valentini made the choice of a lifetime: She agreed to marry her partner. (
  • We need more nuanced decision-making methods that can flex with the needs of each choice. (
  • Younger patients prefer shared decision-making more than older patients. (
  • The Trojan horse is a perfect metaphor for how the requirement of shared decision-making -- in which physicians and their patients decide together on a course of action -- has contributed to the disappointing uptake of CT lung cancer screening in the U.S. (
  • The first, in May 2014, described my consternation at what I believed was a biased and injudicious decision by a panel of the Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) to recommend against implementation of CT lung cancer screening of high-risk patients. (
  • In a recent national survey of adults facing a medical decision-to take a new medication, have elective surgery, or undergo a cancer screening-patients overwhelmingly said they wanted to learn about the risks associated with various treatment options and have their providers listen to them. (
  • And a comprehensive review by the Cochrane Collaboration found the use of decision aids, in particular, improves patients' knowledge of and satisfaction with their care. (
  • Shared decision making is encouraged for patients with "preference-sensitive conditions," for which there is more than one reasonable form of treatment. (
  • A lot of times, you can build trust with patients just by listening and understanding their perspective - giving them the benefit of the doubt to have a conversation, to understand why is it that they're unable to take their medication. (
  • Cognition is really complex and, when you average across a bunch of trials, you miss important details about how we come to our perceptions and how we make our choices," said Jessica Verhein, MD/PhD student in neuroscience and co-lead author of the paper. (
  • Unless otherwise noted in the Work Group Specific Decision Making Practices below, all Work Groups fall under the Default Decision Making Practices. (
  • While online channels have become a decision-making aid for consumers, the study identified that the quality of food, customer service and value for money remain key factors around choosing a venue. (
  • Motivation influences neural networks associated with perception and impacts our decision-making skills. (
  • A team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), in collaboration with the EPFL, has revealed how motivation alters the neural circuits responsible for sensory perception preceding decision-making in mice. (
  • The laboratory of Sami El-Boustani, Assistant Professor in the Department of Basic Neurosciences at the Faculty of Medicine of the UNIGE and recipient of an Eccellenza fellowship (SNSF), is studying the neural circuits involved in decision-making. (
  • Although the sentiment was positive, the current form of AI assistance may not be linked with efficient decision making, as AI algorithms are not well aligned with subjective human reasoning in clinical diagnosis. (
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