The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Use of an interactive computer system designed to assist the physician or other health professional in choosing between certain relationships or variables for the purpose of making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The interactions between physician and patient.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Individual's expression of desirability or value of one course of action, outcome, or selection in contrast to others.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The interactions between the professional person and the family.
Instructions issued by a physician pertaining to the institution, continuation, or withdrawal of life support measures. The concept includes policies, laws, statutes, decisions, guidelines, and discussions that may affect the issuance of such orders.
Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Knowing or understanding without conscious use of reasoning. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Differential response to different stimuli.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.
One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
A nursing specialty involving nursing care given to the pregnant patient before, after, or during childbirth.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The process of helping patients to effectively and efficiently use the health care system when faced with one or more of these challenges: (1) choosing, understanding, and using health coverage or applying for assistance when uninsured; (2) choosing, using, and understanding different types of health providers and services; (3) making treatment decisions; and (4) managing care received by multiple providers.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The ability to recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the basis of past experience. It is largely a frontal lobe function.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A system for the collection and/or processing of data from various sources, and using the information for policy making and management of health services. It could be paper-based or electronic. (From http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTHEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/EXTHSD/0,,contentMDK:22239824~menuPK:376799~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:376793,00.html. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/systems/en/)
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.
An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.

The identification of agreed criteria for referral following the dental inspection of children in the school setting. (1/7635)

AIM: To clarify the function of the school based dental inspection. OBJECTIVE: For representatives of the Community Dental Service, General Dental Service and Hospital Dental Service to identify an agreed set of criteria for the referral of children following school dental inspection. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology used to establish a consensus for the inclusion of referral criteria following dental screening. SETTING: Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England. MATERIALS: A Delphi technique was used to establish a consensus amongst the study participants on the inclusion of nine possible criteria for referral following dental screening. All participants scored each criterion in the range 1-9, with a score of 1 indicating that referral of individuals with the condition should definitely not take place, and a score of 9 indicating referral should definitely take place. Referral criteria were accepted only if they achieved a group median score of 7 or more, with an interquartile range of three scale points, with the lower value being no less than 7. RESULTS: Four of the nine possible criteria met the agreed group standard for inclusion: 'Sepsis', 'Caries in the secondary dentition', 'Overjet > 10 mm', and 'Registered & caries in the permanent dentition'. CONCLUSION: It is possible to agree clear criteria for the referral of children following the school dental inspection.  (+info)

The effect of race and sex on physicians' recommendations for cardiac catheterization. (2/7635)

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported differences in the use of cardiovascular procedures according to the race and sex of the patient. Whether the differences stem from differences in the recommendations of physicians remains uncertain. METHODS: We developed a computerized survey instrument to assess physicians' recommendations for managing chest pain. Actors portrayed patients with particular characteristics in scripted interviews about their symptoms. A total of 720 physicians at two national meetings of organizations of primary care physicians participated in the survey. Each physician viewed a recorded interview and was given other data about a hypothetical patient. He or she then made recommendations about that patient's care. We used multivariate logistic-regression analysis to assess the effects of the race and sex of the patients on treatment recommendations, while controlling for the physicians' assessment of the probability of coronary artery disease as well as for the age of the patient, the level of coronary risk, the type of chest pain, and the results of an exercise stress test. RESULTS: The physicians' mean (+/-SD) estimates of the probability of coronary artery disease were lower for women (probability, 64.1+/-19.3 percent, vs. 69.2+/-18.2 percent for men; P<0.001), younger patients (63.8+/-19.5 percent for patients who were 55 years old, vs. 69.5+/-17.9 percent for patients who were 70 years old; P<0.001), and patients with nonanginal pain (58.3+/-19.0 percent, vs. 64.4+/-18.3 percent for patients with possible angina and 77.1+/-14.0 percent for those with definite angina; P=0.001). Logistic-regression analysis indicated that women (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) and blacks (odds ratio, 0.60; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.02) were less likely to be referred for cardiac catheterization than men and whites, respectively. Analysis of race-sex interactions showed that black women were significantly less likely to be referred for catheterization than white men (odds ratio, 0.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the race and sex of a patient independently influence how physicians manage chest pain.  (+info)

Slippery slopes in flat countries--a response. (3/7635)

In response to the paper by Keown and Jochemsen in which the latest empirical data concerning euthanasia and other end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands is discussed, this paper discusses three points. The use of euthanasia in cases in which palliative care was a viable alternative may be taken as proof of a slippery slope. However, it could also be interpreted as an indication of a shift towards more autonomy-based end-of-life decisions. The cases of non-voluntary euthanasia are a serious problem in the Netherlands and they are only rarely justifiable. However, they do not prove the existence of a slippery slope. Persuading the physician to bring euthanasia cases to the knowledge of the authorities is a problem of any euthanasia policy. The Dutch notification procedure has recently been changed to reduce the underreporting of cases. However, many questions remain.  (+info)

Conditions required for a law on active voluntary euthanasia: a survey of nurses' opinions in the Australian Capital Territory. (4/7635)

OBJECTIVES: To ascertain which conditions nurses believe should be in a law allowing active voluntary euthanasia (AVE). DESIGN: Survey questionnaire posted to registered nurses (RNs). SETTING: Australian Capital Territory (ACT) at the end of 1996, when active voluntary euthanasia was legal in the Northern Territory. SURVEY SAMPLE: A random sample of 2,000 RNs, representing 54 per cent of the RN population in the ACT. MAIN MEASURES: Two methods were used to look at nurses' opinions. The first involved four vignettes which varied in terms of critical characteristics of each patient who was requesting help to die. The respondents were asked if the law should be changed to allow any of these requests. There was also a checklist of conditions, most of which have commonly been included in Australian proposed laws on AVE. The respondents chose those which they believed should apply in a law on AVE. RESULTS: The response rate was 61%. Support for a change in the law to allow AVE was 38% for a young man with AIDS, 39% for an elderly man with early stage Alzheimer's disease, 44% for a young woman who had become quadriplegic and 71% for a middle-aged woman with metastases from breast cancer. The conditions most strongly supported in any future AVE law were: "second doctor's opinion", "cooling off period", "unbearable protracted suffering", "patient fully informed about illness and treatment" and "terminally ill". There was only minority support for "not suffering from treatable depression", "administer the fatal dose themselves" and "over a certain age". CONCLUSION: Given the lack of support for some conditions included in proposed AVE laws, there needs to be further debate about the conditions required in any future AVE bills.  (+info)

Patient removals from general practitioner lists in Northern Ireland: 1987-1996. (5/7635)

BACKGROUND: Being struck off a general practitioner's list is a major event for patients and a subject for much media attention. However, it has not hitherto received much research attention. AIMS: To quantify the numbers of patients removed at doctors' request in Northern Ireland between 1987 and 1996. To describe the characteristics of those removed and to determine if the rate of removal has increased. METHODS: This is a descriptive epidemiological study involving a secondary data analysis of records held by the Central Services Agency. RESULTS: Six thousand five hundred and seventy-eight new patients were removed at general practitioner (GP) request between 1987 and 1996. This equated to 3920 removal decisions, a rate of 2.43 per 10,000 person-years. The very young and young adults had the highest rates of removal; most of the young being removed as part of a family. Ten point six per cent of removed patients had a repeat removal, and 16.3% of first removal decisions required an assignment to another practice. Family removals have decreased and individual removals have increased over the 10 years. Disadvantaged and densely populated areas with high population turnover were associated with higher rates of removal, though heterogeneity is evident between general practitioners serving similar areas. Compared to the period 1987 to 1991, removal rates for the years 1992 to 1993 were reduced by 20.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) for rate ratio (RR) 0.73-0.87), and those for the years 1994 to 1996 increased by 8% (95% CI = 1.01-1.16). The greatest increase was in the over-75 years age group (standardized RR = 1.60; 95% CI = 1.57-1.62). CONCLUSIONS: Removals are relatively rare events for both patients and practices, though they have been increasing in recent years. Further research is needed to understand the processes that culminate in a removal.  (+info)

Dissociable deficits in the decision-making cognition of chronic amphetamine abusers, opiate abusers, patients with focal damage to prefrontal cortex, and tryptophan-depleted normal volunteers: evidence for monoaminergic mechanisms. (6/7635)

We used a novel computerized decision-making task to compare the decision-making behavior of chronic amphetamine abusers, chronic opiate abusers, and patients with focal lesions of orbital prefrontal cortex (PFC) or dorsolateral/medial PFC. We also assessed the effects of reducing central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) activity using a tryptophan-depleting amino acid drink in normal volunteers. Chronic amphetamine abusers showed suboptimal decisions (correlated with years of abuse), and deliberated for significantly longer before making their choices. The opiate abusers exhibited only the second of these behavioral changes. Importantly, both sub-optimal choices and increased deliberation times were evident in the patients with damage to orbitofrontal PFC but not other sectors of PFC. Qualitatively, the performance of the subjects with lowered plasma tryptophan was similar to that associated with amphetamine abuse, consistent with recent reports of depleted 5-HT in the orbital regions of PFC of methamphetamine abusers. Overall, these data suggest that chronic amphetamine abusers show similar decision-making deficits to those seen after focal damage to orbitofrontal PFC. These deficits may reflect altered neuromodulation of the orbitofrontal PFC and interconnected limbic-striatal systems by both the ascending 5-HT and mesocortical dopamine (DA) projections.  (+info)

When to consider radiation therapy for your patient. (7/7635)

Radiation therapy can be an effective treatment modality for both malignant and benign disease. While radiation can be given as primary treatment, it may also be used pre- or postoperatively, with or without other forms of therapy. Radiation therapy is often curative but is sometimes palliative. There are many methods of delivering radiation effectively. Often, patients tolerate irradiation well without significant complications, and organ function is preserved. To ensure that all patients with cancer have the opportunity to consider all treatment options, family physicians should be aware of the usefulness of radiation therapy.  (+info)

Safer sex strategies for women: the hierarchical model in methadone treatment clinics. (8/7635)

Women clients of a methadone maintenance treatment clinic were targeted for an intervention aimed to reduce unsafe sex. The hierarchical model was the basis of the single intervention session, tested among 63 volunteers. This model requires the educator to discuss and demonstrate a full range of barriers that women might use for protection, ranking these in the order of their known efficacy. The model stresses that no one should go without protection. Two objections, both untested, have been voiced against the model. One is that, because of its complexity, women will have difficulty comprehending the message. The second is that, by demonstrating alternative strategies to the male condom, the educator is offering women a way out from persisting with the male condom, so that instead they will use an easier, but less effective, method of protection. The present research aimed at testing both objections in a high-risk and disadvantaged group of women. By comparing before and after performance on a knowledge test, it was established that, at least among these women, the complex message was well understood. By comparing baseline and follow-up reports of barriers used by sexually active women before and after intervention, a reduction in reports of unsafe sexual encounters was demonstrated. The reduction could be attributed directly to adoption of the female condom. Although some women who had used male condoms previously adopted the female condom, most of those who did so had not used the male condom previously. Since neither theoretical objection to the hierarchical model is sustained in this population, fresh weight is given to emphasizing choice of barriers, especially to women who are at high risk and relatively disempowered. As experience with the female condom grows and its unfamiliarity decreases, it would seem appropriate to encourage women who do not succeed with the male condom to try to use the female condom, over which they have more control.  (+info)

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Recent work has suggested an association between the orbitofrontal cortex in humans and practical decision making. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of cognitive deficits, with particular emphasis on decision‐making processes, following damage to different sectors of the human prefrontal cortex. Patients with discrete orbitofrontal (OBF) lesions, dorsolateral (DL) lesions, dorsomedial (DM) lesions and large frontal lesions (Large) were compared with matched controls on three different decision‐making tasks: the Iowa Gambling Task and two recently developed tasks that attempt to fractionate some of the cognitive components of the Iowa task. A comprehensive battery including the assessment of recognition memory, working memory, planning ability and attentional set‐shifting was also administered. Whilst combined frontal patients were impaired on several of the tasks employed, distinct profiles emerged for each patient group. In contrast to previous data, patients with focal ...
English 1000 Images About Decision Making On Pinterest Making Decisions Facts Decision Making Worksheets Printable Worksheets and Free for Kids
Framing effect is an understanding and assessment that individual implements different behaviors when facing to the multiple choice that expressing the same meaning. Previously, scholars went through numerous empirical studies regarding impact of the method as well as environment in making decision of online purchasing [1]-[4]. Also, scholars have proved that there are complex influences of psychological factors when consumers make decisions of shopping. Therefore, the article aims to analyze the impact of faming effect in e-commerce when consumers make decisions so as to summarize the shortage in academic and practical aspects.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perinatal lethal conditions. T2 - The effect of diagnosis on decision making. AU - Hassed, Susan J.. AU - Miller, Connie H.. AU - Pope, Sandra K.. AU - Murphy, Pamela. AU - Quirk, J. Gerald. AU - Cunniff, Christopher. PY - 1993/7. Y1 - 1993/7. N2 - Objective: To identify factors influencing pregnancy management decisions following identification of a perinatal lethal condition. Methods: One hundred thirty pregnancies with perinatal lethal conditions diagnosed before 24 weeks gestation were examined. Information collected included demographic data, estimated gestational age at presentation, referral indication, nature of the defect, and performance of autopsy. Results: Eighty-seven families elected to abort affected pregnancies and 43 elected to continue. Demographic factors did not influence decision making, nor did gestational age at diagnosis or referral indication. When comparing the diagnosis of one lethal condition with diagnoses of all other lethal conditions, pregnancies ...
Decision Making Process Verna Massey MGT 230 12 15 2014 Paul Moore Decision Making Process The biggest decision that I ve ever had to make was that of
2015 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Speed-accuracy trade-offs are well studied in human decision making, but we are only beginning to understand how such trade-offs affect other animals. Similarly, it is poorly understood how consistent individual differences in decision making are influenced by their social context. Here we investigated whether zebrafish, Danio rerio, show individual consistency (personality) in speed-accuracy trade-offs based on a colour discrimination task, and how pairs of fish with distinct personalities make consensus choices. The results showed that zebrafish exhibit between-individual speed-accuracy trade-offs: some fish made careful, slow but accurate decisions, while others made swift but less accurate choices. We also found that these decision-making strategies were constant over time: fish retained the same strategy for 3 days. When testing pairs of careful and fast-and-inaccurate individuals, the combined choice strategy was intermediate in ...
Using a proven, practical, algorithmic approach, Surgical Decision Making summarizes evidence-based guidelines and practice protocols in an easy-to-follow format. Designed to sharpen the decision-making skills of both trainees and practicing surgeons, the 6th Edition directs your focus to the critical decision points in a wide range of clinical scenarios, helping you determine optimal evaluation and management to secure the best possible patient outcomes. Algorithms are accompanied by annotations that explain all critical factors affecting decisions in a concise, readable manner.. Author Info. By Robert C. McIntyre, MD, FACS, Professor and Chief, Division of GI, Trauma, and Endocrine Surgery; Vice Chair of Finance, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine Aurora, Colorado, USA and Richard D. Schulick, MD, Professor & Chair of the University of Colorado Department of Surgery; Director of the University of Colorado Cancer Center; The Aragón/Gonzalez-Gíustí Chair, ...
At the same time, the Parliament, which currently has an advisory role on EU tax matters, adopted a strong and progressive report calling for the EU to get rid of tax policies that have negative impacts on gender equality.. Tove Maria Ryding, Tax Coordinator at the European Network on Debt and Development (Eurodad), said:. Its very true that the EUs decision making on tax has so far been too ineffective and too unambitious. As the Commission also highlights, this is particularly problematic given that our societies are currently losing billions of Euros to large-scale international tax dodging.. We warmly welcome the recognition that the European Parliament needs to play an active role in EU decision making on tax. It is elected by EU citizens, and thus it can bring more legitimacy to decision making on tax. Weve also repeatedly seen that the Parliament is very attentive to the public call for action, transparency and justice on tax matters. The latest example came today, when the ...
Britney Spears has broken her silence on her X Factor exit, describing it as a very difficult decision. Ive made the very difficult decision not to return for another season, she said in a statement Friday. I had an incredible time doing the show and I love the other judges and I am so proud of my teens but its time for me to get back in the studio. Watching them all do their thing up on that stage every week made me miss performing so much! I cant wait to get back out there and
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Downloadable (with restrictions)! In problems to do with managing water resources multiple decision makers are involved, each acting in their own right and using different value systems. In the literature on management science, several procedures are proposed in order to establish a collective preference based on the aggregation of different individual preferences. However, the well-known methods that focus on a single winner have some inconveniences that should be addressed. This paper is focused on a group decision making procedure based on the analysis of individual rankings with the aim of choosing an appropriate alternative for a water resources problem. This alternative is found to be the best compromise from the points of view of all actors involved in the decision problem. The structure of the method is set out as is its application to the water resources problem. A comparison with other methods is presented and discussed.
TY - BOOK. T1 - Decision-Making On Mega-Projects. T2 - cost-benefit Analysis, Planning and Innovation. A2 - Priemus, Hugo. A2 - Flyvbjerg, Bent. A2 - van Wee, Bert. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. M3 - Anthology. SN - 978-1-84542-737-5. BT - Decision-Making On Mega-Projects. PB - Edward Elgar Publishing. CY - Cheltenham, UK and Northamton, MA, USA. ER - ...
How is Health Care Power of Attorney (medical decision making) abbreviated? HCPA stands for Health Care Power of Attorney (medical decision making). HCPA is defined as Health Care Power of Attorney (medical decision making) somewhat frequently.
(A)(Benchmark Assignment) Applying Decision-Making Models in Health CareThis is a benchmark assignment.Choose an ethical decision-making model from among the fo
This paper describes a new multi-player computer game, Colored Trails (CT), which may be played by people, computers and heterogeneous groups. CT was designed to enable investigation of properties of decision-making strategies in multi-agent situations of varying complexity. The paper presents the results of an initial series of experiments of CT games in which agents choices affected not only their own outcomes but also the outcomes of other agents. It compares the behavior of people with that of computer agents deploying a variety of decision-making strategies. The results align with behavioral economics studies in showing that people cooperate when they play and that factors of social dependency influence their levels of cooperation. Preliminary results indicate that people design agents to play strategies closer to game-theory predictions, yielding lower utility. Additional experiments show that such agents perform worse than agents designed to make choices that resemble human cooperative ...
By studying bacteria which are living under stressful conditions, scientists have gained fresh insights into the manner of human decision making, especially crucial ones.
Despite exciting advances toward the promise of genomics-driven cancer treatment [1, 2], there is not yet an established framework for optimal communication of test results in a clinical setting in a way that cancer best informs decision-making [3]. Research on the implementation of gene expression profiling for cancer treatment decisions has identified variable levels of understanding among patients, with misperceptions of test validity [4], and concerns among oncologists regarding patients understanding of test results [5]. This suggests a need for decision aids to support communication of genomic expression profiling test results and informed decision-making. Optimal implementation of genomic risk stratification tools, which have the potential to better match patients with the right treatments for them, should be performed within a patient-centered context that meets the National Academy of Medicine (formerly Institute of Medicine) goals for patient-centeredness by considering individual ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Using focus groups to study proxy healthcare decision making for those with intellectual disability in the United States. AU - Fisher, Kathleen M.. AU - Orkin, Fredrick K.. AU - Green, Michael. PY - 2011/12/1. Y1 - 2011/12/1. N2 - Background: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) often rely on others for help with healthcare decision making. The goal of this study was to understand the process and challenges faced by proxy decision makers in the community and validate previous research findings. Method: A qualitative exploratory design using four focus groups with 18 community agency directors across one Mid-Atlantic state. Discussions were recorded, transcribed, and systematically coded for themes. Results: Four fundamental themes that include global concerns related to this vulnerable population were identified and found to influence proxy decision making. Decisions made by proxies that related to two major areas of concern - end-of-life decision making and access to ...
This research focuses on the influence of long term orientation on entrepreneurial decision making processes in China. The Sarasvathys effectuation theory (2001) and the Hofstedes (2001) five cultural dimensions framed the basic theoretical foundation for this study. This paper contribute on the study of cultural influence on entrepreneurial processes. The results suggest even there is not enough evidence to prove long term orientation significant influence Chinese student entrepreneurs on all dimensions of causal decision making tendency, but there is a surprising finding that long term orientation has significant influence on one dimensions named attitudes toward unexpected contingencies. So it is still meaningful for further deeply related study ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Basic and Translation Research on Decision Making in Aging and Alzheimers Disease (R21 - Clinical Trial Optional) PAR-18-538. NIA
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of observed decision time on expectations of extremity and cooperation.. AU - Evans, A.M.. AU - van de Calseyde, P.P.F.M.. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - The present research investigates how people use observed decision time to form expectations of others behavior in social dilemmas. In four studies, participants received information about others decision times (fast or slow) and were asked to estimate how much they contributed to a common pool. People believe fast decisions are more extreme than slow decisions; in other words, they assume that fast decisions are either extremely selfish or extremely cooperative. People also believe that fast deciders are less moral (Studies 1 and 2) and less conflicted (Study 2) than slow deciders. Beliefs about decision time depend on whether time can be attributed to self-paced reaction times or external time constraints. When decisions are made under external time constraints, time has inconsistent or heterogeneous effects ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Understanding Clinical Information Needs and Health Care Decision Making Processes in the Context of Health Information Technology (IT) (R01) PA-11-198. AHRQ
The Kahnaw :ke Legislative Coordinating Commission (KLCC) wishes to advise the community that the Kahnaw :ke Residency Law ( the Law ) has been re-submitted through the regular Community Decision Making Process (CDMP). The request was signed by Iets nhaienhs Kahsennenhawe Sky-Deer, the Lead on the Heritage Portfolio, on 17, Ohiar :ha/June 2020.. The Law was confirmed as a Type I Urgent on January 9, 2017, and was enacted on 17, Ohiar :ha/June 2019 as Mohawk Council Resolution #1/2019-2020. Legislation passed using the Urgent process, by regulation, must be re-submitted through the regular CDMP within a year of passage.. The Kahnaw :ke Residency Law was created from the residency component of the Kanien keh :ka of Kahnaw :ke Law. Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the KLCC is studying ways to meet requirements of the CDMP and will bring forth some options on ways to conduct community consultations during this challenging time.. For information on the Law, please contact ...
Outline Classical SDT under normative rationality Behavioral factors From the decision-making literature: CPT From the phishing & deception literatures Re-derivation of optimal cutoff threshold under CPT-SDT Using T&K92 probability weighting function Using neo-additive probability weighting function Incorporating the psychology of deception Beyond comparative statics: comparative simulation results Implications Spam filtering Education & training End
by R. V. G. Clarke, Routine Activity And Rational Choice Book available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Routine Activity And Rational Choice books, Two new criminological approaches are defined and applied to categories of crime in Routine Activity and Rational Choice, now available in paperback. Routine activity analyzes the criminal event, and avoids motivations and psychology as topics for discussion, whereas rational choice approaches crime as purposive behavior designed to meet the offenders commonplace needs, such as money, status, sex, and excitement. These conceptual models are both employed to analyze such crimes as drunk driving, gun use, kidnapping, and political violence. This volume discusses the relationship of these theories to more traditional approaches to crime studies. The Advances in Criminological Theory series encourages theory construction and validation in the articles and themes selected for publication. It also furthers the free exchange of ideas, propositions, ...
To keep the energy and dynamism of Day 1, you have to somehow make high-quality, high-velocity decisions. Easy for start-ups and very challenging for large organizations. The senior team at Amazon is determined to keep our decision-making velocity high. Speed matters in business - plus a high-velocity decision making environment is more fun too. We dont know all the answers, but here are some thoughts.. First, never use a one-size-fits-all decision-making process. Many decisions are reversible, two-way doors. Those decisions can use a light-weight process. For those, so what if youre wrong? I wrote about this in more detail in last years letter.. Second, most decisions should probably be made with somewhere around 70% of the information you wish you had. If you wait for 90%, in most cases, youre probably being slow. Plus, either way, you need to be good at quickly recognizing and correcting bad decisions. If youre good at course correcting, being wrong may be less costly than you think, ...
Trisomy 18 (Edwards Syndrome) was first reported in 1960 by Edward et al. in a newborn with multiple abnormalities, and is a broad clinical presentation involving more than 130 different abnormalities. Most cases die during the embryonic or fetal life. Only 5% - 10% of the live-born cases survive the first year of life. Prenatal diagnosis is possible. However, the prenatal detection compels parents to make a difficult decision. After the birth of the baby, it also places a material and moral burden on both the family and the national economy due to multiple congenital abnormalities and limited lifespan. On the other hand, pediatricians experience difficulties in making a decision on interventions, especially cardiac surgery and resuscitation, due to the comorbid abnormalities in the neonatal intensive care units, in which medical ethics arises for discussion. The current study presents a case diagnosed with trisomy 18 by chromosome analysis, who was found to have multiple abnormalities with
Low income groups are often criticised for making decisions that harm their long-term life outcomes. This article reviews research that attempts to understand these decision-making patterns as a product of adaptive responses to the situation of low socioeconomic status. It proposes that low income contexts present socioecological cues concerning resource scarcity, environmental instability, and low subjective social status, which trigger a regulatory shift towards the present and the tuning of cognitive skills and focus to address immediate needs. These shifts in psychological processes lead to decisions that are rational in the proximal context of socioeconomic threat, but may hinder the achievement of more distal goals.. ...
This report introduces the development and application of a method to analyse the decision making process of New Zealands State Highway Organisations (SHO) during extreme events. Building upon our previous research efforts (Dantas et al, 2007 and Ferreira et al, 2008), the aim is to obtain an unbiased and complete overview of the strengths and weaknesses of the current decision making. The report proposes procedures and metrics to analyse the quality of decision making, based upon the study of theoretical and practical concepts of decision making processes.. The method used to analyse the quality of decision making was applied to 3 real events and 4 exercises, which have been observed since 2005. In addition to the real events, the exercises provide a realistic representation of the decision making processes likely to be implemented in the occurrence of extreme events and conditions. Above all, the research teams assessment is that the exercises represented the most likely interaction between ...
To explore and identify factors that influence physicians decisions while monitoring prostate cancer patients on active surveillance.A purposive sampling strategy was used to identify physicians treating prostate cancer from diverse clinical backgrounds and geographic areas across the US.
Groups, rather than individuals, are often the best hope to solve complex problems. Engaging stakeholders through group decision making leads to a deeper commitment, but sometimes people withhold ideas or arent heard due to personal style or politics. This recorded presentation discusses how groups move through three phases while making decisions. When facilitating and guiding a group, a leader should be aware of these phases and have tools available for each phase to support the group in coming to a decision.. The above PowerPoint file includes audio designed to play in sync with the presentation slides. The accompanying resource document serves as a helpful reference when considering techniques and tools to support group decision making.. ...
Consult the Stent Save a Life session on STEMI during EuroPCR 2017 from Thursday 18 May if you want to exchange with your colleagues about the difficult decisions in primary PCI, learn more about challenging STEMI cases from a real life setting and appraise different strategies for these patients from a global perspective.
I met someone : A true, personal story from the experience, I Have a Difficult Decision to Make. I met someone and the butterflies are gone. Im a little shocked how I lost interest so quickly. Although I am not a picky person, I dont think I should have to settle either. I realize now that I li...
This study assessed the impact of a computerised decision aid applied in a shared decision-making consultation on the primary outcome measure of decision conflict as compared to a traditional doctor-led application of paper guidelines. The key finding was a significantly lower decision conflict in the decision aid group than in the paper-based guidelines group immediately after the research clinic and this finding was present across all patients regardless of their initial treatment. Decision conflict was lower after the clinic in both groups.. In addition, there was a marked difference between the two arms in the decision whether or not to take warfarin when patients were not already on this treatment; those in the decision aid group were significantly much less likely to start warfarin than those in the paper guidelines arm.. There has been considerable debate about the most appropriate outcome measures for assessing the effectiveness of decision support tools.17 Many studies of guidelines ...
Downloadable! The subject of this paper is decision-making on the adoption, ratification and implementation of conventions and recommendations of the International Labour Organisation (lLO). The first part of the paper provides-a brief introduction to the ILO as an international organisation, its treaty base and its most important bodies. In the second part of the paper, we focus on international labour standards. We first explain the decision-making procedure within the ILO which leads to the adoption of conventions and recommendations. We then deal with the ratification of conventions at the national stage and discuss the compliance with the obligations arising from ratification. The focus of the paper is not so much on the formal rules and procedures but on the question of how the rules are applied. Descriptive statistics give evidence on the degree of consensus at the decision-making stage, the voting behaviour of the delegates to the International Labour Conference, the ratification behaviour of
A Consumer Decision-Making Model in M-Commerce: The Role of Reputation Systems in Mobile App Purchases: 10.4018/IRMJ.2016040103: The objective of this paper is to understand the importance of mobile reputation systems in mobile users app discovery and purchase satisfaction. A
The objective of this study is to determine if the implementation of guidelines utilizing immediate CT Perfusion and CT Angiography in addition to non-contrast CT alters (reduces or increases) the time to decision-making for or against rt-PA in acute ischemic stroke, and by extension, time to therapy in treated patients and time to transfer from the department for all patients. A secondary objective is to determine if using CTP/CTA-inclusive hyperacute stroke guidelines improves safety by decreasing symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage and mortality in patients who receive rt-PA ...
Free Online Library: Aggregation methods in group decision making: a decade survey.(Overview paper, Report) by Informatica; Computers and office automation Databases Analysis Decision-making, Group Group decision making
Ethical considerations. Ethical permission was obtained from the universitys research ethical committee and the manager of the primary healthcare clinic. In this study, the three main ethical guidelines of the Belmont Report of 1979, as cited in Polit and Beck (2012:252) namely, beneficence, respect for human dignity and justice were used. This included the principle of respect for persons or autonomy, whereby participants are treated as autonomous and capable of making deliberate decisions about whether to participate in research (Lobiondo-Wood 2010:252; Polit & Beck 2012:152-154). Assent and consent were obtained and no participants were coerced to take part. Participation was voluntary and no names of participants were revealed; only numbers were assigned to each interview recorded and the transcripts so as to ensure that no data will be linked to a participant when reported. This was done to ensure beneficence, respect and confidentiality. A clinic social worker and psychologist located in ...
NOTE: In the original design of this study, we hoped to utilize a modified Client Satisfaction Questionnaire for assessment of satisfaction of patient participants and physicians as secondary trial outcomes. However, we are unable to utilize any modified Client Satisfaction Questionnaires in this study, because of lack of permission from the original developer of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8, who has copyrighted and trademarked the questionnaire and prohibits such modifications. No modified client satisfaction questionnaire results have been analyzed in this study and will not be analyzed.. Study design The project design will be a single-centre randomized controlled trial conducted at University Health Network. The participants will be randomized to a) the decision aid group (in addition to usual care [counseling by his or her physician, called usual care]) or b) usual care. The DA will be available only to participants during the study (not the public or treating physicians). The ...
A Mashup Application to Support Complex Decision Making for Retail Consumers: 10.4018/jisss.2010100103: Purchase processes often require complex decision making and consumers frequently use Web information sources to support these decisions. However, increasing
The medial frontal cortex (MFC) is critical for cost-benefit decision-making. Generally, cognitive and reward-based behaviour in rodents is not thought to be lateralised within the brain. In this study, however, we demonstrate that rats with unilateral MFC lesions show a profound change in decision-making on an effort-based decision-making task. Furthermore, unilateral MFC lesions have a greater effect when the rat has to choose to put in more effort for a higher reward when it is on the contralateral side of space to the lesion. Importantly, this could not be explained by motor impairments as these animals did not show a turning bias in separate experiments. In contrast, rats with unilateral dopaminergic midbrain lesions did exhibit a motoric turning bias, but were unimpaired on the effort-based decision-making task. This rare example of a cognitive deficit caused by a unilateral cortical lesion in the rat brain indicates that the MFC may have a specialised and lateralised role in evaluating the costs
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Economic theories of decision making are based on the principle of utility maximization, and reinforcement-learning theory provides computational algorithms that can be used to estimate the overall reward expected from alternative choices. These formal models not only account for a large range of behavioral observations in human and animal decision makers, but also provide useful tools for investigating the neural basis of decision making. Nevertheless, in reality, decision makers must combine different types of information about the costs and benefits associated with each available option, such as the quality and quantity of expected reward and required work. In this article, we put forward the hypothesis that different subdivisions of the primate frontal cortex may be specialized to focus on different aspects of dynamic decision-making processes. In this hypothesis, the lateral prefrontal cortex is primarily involved in maintaining the state representation necessary to identify optimal actions in a
US President Donald Trump on Tuesday or Wednesday is expected to make a final decision on whether to back Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahus vow to annex parts of the West Bank on July 1.
New Chemical Entities and Scheduling delegates final decisions and reasons for decisions for medicines and chemicals referred to the November 2016 ACCS, ACMS and Joint ACCS-ACMS meetings
Over the last several decades opioid treatment for chronic pain has become increasingly popular. From the sense that chronic pain had previously been undertreated, to drug companies anxious to sell new designer opioids, usage has increased several-fold. In its unfortunate history non-specialists were persuaded to prescribe opioids before they could possibly understand the complexity of the treatment.
After months of meetings and feedback, a final decision on new catchment areas for the three Lake Country elementary schools will go to the Central Okanagan School Board in the next two months.. The Central Okanagan School District held a final public consultation Thursday night in Lake Country where two different options for the new catchment areas were presented to the public.. Both options are very similar and would re-direct students living in the SouthWest quadrant of Lake Country (south of Seaton Road and west of the highway) that are currently in the Davidson Road catchment to Peter Greer Elementary. Students in the Woodsdale Flats area would be sent to Oyama Traditional School as opposed to their current catchment of Peter Greer.. The only difference in the two options is a development known as Sage Glen, where just 14 students currently reside. Those students, and any new students in that specific development, are either going to be in the Davidson Road catchment or the Peter Greer ...
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However, final decision-making on both matters takes place in the same body: the Governing Council. The Governing Council is ... This can be explained by the fact that the European treaties did not allow the EU, at the time, to have real decision-making ... "Decision-making". European Central Bank - Banking Supervision. Retrieved 2021-04-09. The Council of the European Union. " ... the main decision-making entity of the ECB. It comprises the members of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank and ...
... decision making; technology, policy and assessment - with an HQ function aimed at engaging with the wider UK energy research ... in the UK and a series of energy roadmaps showing research problems to be overcome before new technologies can be made ...
Decision making? Well that's tough given that options before you are equally luring. That's near to impossible for a guy, ... In Hyderabad Aravind's father (Sivaji Raja) makes him realise that how the risk of choice making will become a positive change ... To add to this, an incident from his 12th year makes him uncomfortable to talk to or be around girls. As he becomes older, the ... Then Aravind for the first time took decision and came to apologise Swetcha but she avoids him. Later he meets Renu and confess ...
"Decision making". www.tampere.fi. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2020. "Kaupunginvaltuusto". www.tampere.fi (in Finnish). ... City Council of Tampere (Finnish: Tampereen kaupunginvaltuusto) is the highest decision-making organ of Tampere. It consists on ... The council meets at the central administrative building (sometimes called "The White House") in the city centre. The meetings ...
DREAM: 3,900 adolescent girls participate in these school-based clubs, which teach life skills; decision-making; sexual and ... Young Heroes was created in 2006 as an initiative by Swaziland's National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS (NERCHA). Its ... It is affiliated with the U.S.-based Young Heroes Foundation, which was created at the same time as the Swazi operation. • Life ...
... decision-making; and the Arab Israeli conflict. He was also a member of the Arabic and Middle Eastern Studies Advisory Board at ... decision-making, and the Arab Israeli conflict. Since the 1990s, his research primarily has focused on conflict resolution, and ... decision-makers, researchers, and the general public. He also held several additional senior academic positions at the Hebrew ... The Complexity of Decisionmaking - The Israeli Case (The Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research, 1996) The Disengagement from ...
Decision-making. Ability to quickly solve the problems, make decisions under pressure and take responsibility for the outcome. ... This creates barriers to a growth of a company and lags the overall working process. The overall necessity of middle managers ... This also includes building a team and supporting any team member when necessary. Strategic Strategic functions involve ... Further, proximity to the boardroom makes it easy for the manager to promote his or her own interests, by "synthesizing" the ...
"Decision making". members.scouts.org.uk. Scout Association. Retrieved 29 March 2020. "Our Movement, Our Future..." Programme ... "Decision Making". The Scout Association. Retrieved 17 December 2013. Stewart, Greg; James, Chris; Ovenstone, Tom, eds. (2006). ... A role existed for Network Leader, although this was created to provide specific support to create new networks. There was a ... Scout Network was created as a result of the Scout Association's Programme Review that began in 1995. Throughout the 1990s, the ...
... decision-making; career; aging; and loss. In the final chapter, the Elders offer their secrets for living life the wise way. " ... The book provides a forum for multiple responses and creates a dialogue between Elders, who apply their experience and ...
Kasperson, Roger E.; Minghi, Julian V. (2011). "Decision Making". The Structure of Political Geography. New Brunswick, NJ: ... The main branch is found on Coleridge Street, in a coral-stone building, built in the style of the English Renaissance. For a ... Driving is done of the left-hand side of the road with a speed limit of 60 km/h (37 mph) in built-up areas. The speed limit on ... Bridgetown was built with a street layout resembling early English medieval or market towns, with its narrow serpentine street ...
Kasperson, Roger E.; Minghi, Julian V. (2011). "Decision Making". The Structure of Political Geography. New Brunswick, NJ: ... Barbados and the Government of Trinidad and Tobago signed an agreement to construct an undersea 177 mile oil or Liquid Natural ... A Trinidadian the Right Excellent Clement Osbourne Payne was made a national hero of Barbados by the Barbadian government for ...
McClish, Donna Katzman (1989-08-01). "Analyzing a Portion of the ROC Curve". Medical Decision Making. 9 (3): 190-195. doi: ... The procedure to construct the TOC curve compares the Boolean variable to the index variable by diagnosing each observation as ... The data used to create this TOC curve is available for download here. This dataset has 30 observations, each of which consists ... However, these two values are insufficient to construct all entries of the underlying two-by-two contingency table. It is ...
Decision-making Frameworks", IPCC TAR WG3 2001, pp. 612-614, Sec 10.1.4.1 Decision Making under Uncertainty. Barker T.; et al ... 7: Making Decisions in the Face of Uncertainty", CCSP 2009, p. 59 Toth, F. L.; et al., "Ch. 10. Decision-making Frameworks", ... Decision-making Frameworks", Climate Change 2001: Working Group III: Mitigation, Sec. 10.4.3 When Should the Response Be Made? ... 657-660 Arrow, K.J.; et al., Section 2.3.2 Decision analysis and climate change, in: Chapter 2: Decision-Making Frameworks for ...
Theories of decision making typically assume that all relevant reasons (features or cues) are searched and integrated into a ... This is the logic of a class of heuristics known as "one-reason decision making," which includes take-the-best. Consider cues ... In psychology, the take-the-best heuristic is a heuristic (a simple strategy for decision-making) which decides between two ... 216-240). New York: Oxford University Press Gigerenzer, G., & Gaissmaier, W. (2011). Heuristic decision making. Annual Review ...
"One-third of Americans say they've had to make a decision about whether to keep a loved one alive using extraordinary means". ... Medical Decision-Making. 1994;14:9-19. "Living Wills, Health Care Proxies, & Advance Health Care Directives". ABA. American Bar ... It is a six-page document that provides six case scenarios for advance medical decision-making. The scenarios are each ... 1989). "Decision-making ability and advance directive preferences in nursing home patients and proxies". Gerontologist. 29 (5 ...
"Organizational decision making." (1967). Alexis, Marcus. "Some Negro-White differences in consumption." The American Journal of ...
... decision-making). Psychologists in particular would be particularly interested in the different types of decision-making. ... Instead of making choices between profiles, the respondent must make best and worst (most and least) choices within a profile. ... of decision-making and/or merely to collect data in a systematic way. Three chapters, one for each case, follow, detailing the ... Medical Decision Making. 31 (3): 458-468. doi:10.1177/0272989X10381280. ISSN 0272-989X. PMID 20924044. Ratcliffe, Professor ...
ISBN 978-1-412-90546-6. Borror, Connie M. (2009). "Statistical decision making". The Certified Quality Engineer Handbook (3rd ... ISBN 978-1-412-93982-9. McKillup, Steve (2006). "Probability helps you make a decision about your results". Statistics ... In specific fields such as particle physics and manufacturing, statistical significance is often expressed in multiples of the ... Using Bayesian statistics can avoid confidence levels, but also requires making additional assumptions, and may not necessarily ...
Baron JA (Apr-Jun 1994). "Too bad it isn't true". Medical Decision Making. 14 (2): 107. doi:10.1177/0272989X9401400202. PMID ... Medical Decision Making. 14 (2): 175-9. doi:10.1177/0272989X9401400210. PMID 8028470. S2CID 31400167. Pewsner D, Battaglia M, ... A test like that would return negative for patients with the disease, making it useless for ruling in disease. A test with a ... the magnitude of which gives the probability of an informed decision between the two classes (> 0 represents appropriate use of ...
"Lebanon: Decision-Making; Coordinating Bodies". United Nations. Retrieved 15 July 2014. Ministry of Environment website. ...
Medical Decision Making. 9 (2): 142-149. doi:10.1177/0272989x8900900209. PMID 2501627. Schnipper, Lowell E.; Davidson, Nancy E ... This helped Allergan make a profit of over $15 million in 2018 alone. This trend is seen all across the healthcare industry, as ... This system creates a natural monopoly for the drug companies meaning that they can drive the price up without facing any ... It also created the PMPRB, an independent semi-judicial body, which had the purpose of establishing review guidelines of ...
Reyna, V.F. (2008). "A theory of medical decision making and health: Fuzzy trace theory". Medical Decision Making. 28 (6): 850- ... medical decision making, risk perception and estimation, and biases and fallacies in decision making. FTT was initially ... An integrative theory of judgment and decision making". Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research: 201-245. doi: ... Reyna, Valerie (2020). "Decision-making About Risk in the Era of the Novel Coronavirus Disease". Chest. 158 (4): 1310-1311. doi ...
frequency formats and simple algorithms". Medical Decision Making. 16 (3): 273-280. doi:10.1177/0272989X9601600312. PMID ... This can in turn make the data and results more reliable and more appealing. An explanation given as to why people choose ... Even though infants were able to make the discrimination between 2 versus 3 dots, they were not able to distinguish between 4 ... Another rationale provided in justifying the frequency format hypothesis is that using frequencies makes it easier to keep ...
Medical Decision Making. 38 (2): 262-272. doi:10.1177/0272989X17716431. ISSN 0272-989X. PMC 5748375. PMID 28699382. Abuse, ... His research focuses on using quantitative models to improve the delivery of services and shape policy-making on HIV/AIDS. At ...
Bordley, Robert F. (May 2009). "The Hippocratic Oath, Effect Size, and Utility Theory" (PDF). Medical Decision Making. 29 (3): ... Shape is the next fundamental component that assists in creating a symbol that builds a connection with the audience. There are ... or to create individual meaning (usually incorporating ambiguous meanings). These meanings can assist in creating casual ... but the critics have been made in interests of the society, although an individual makes the critics. This way this perspective ...
Gal, David (July 2006). "A Psychological Law of Inertia and the Illusion of Loss Aversion" (PDF). Judgment and Decision Making ... Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. 3 (4): 263-277. doi:10.1002/bdm.3960030404. Baron, Jonathan (2006). "Omission versus ... Medical Decision Making. 14 (2): 118-123. doi:10.1177/0272989X9401400204. PMID 8028464. S2CID 24734424.. ... Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 59 (3): 475-498. doi:10.1006/obhd.1994.1070. ...
The framework covers 12 areas of concern: Women and the environment Women in power and decision making The girl child Women and ... Women in power and decision-making diagnosis Strategic objective G.1. Take measures to ensure women's equal access to and full ... Strategic objective G.2. Increase women's capacity to participate in decision-making and leadership. Actions to be taken. ... Women and the environment diagnosis Strategic objective K.1. Involve women actively in environmental decision-making at all ...
In (book chapter): Decision-making Frameworks. In: Climate Change 2001: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the ... In (book chapter): Decision-making Frameworks. In: Climate Change 2001: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the ... eds.). Decision-making Frameworks. Climate Change 2005: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Third Assessment ... including private and social cost perspectives and relationships to other decision-making frameworks". In B. Metz; et al. (eds ...
... societal decision-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment. Sharing the planet: An inquiry ... The programme was created by a group of international school educators (Kevin Bartlett of the Vienna International School, Paul ... Making the PYP Happen, World School IB: A Curriculum framework for international primary education, 2007. "General FAQ". ibo. ... How we organize ourselves: An inquiry into the interconnections of human-made systems and communities; the structure and ...
Wilkening DA (2008). "Modeling the incubation period of inhalational anthrax". Medical Decision Making. 28 (4): 593-605. doi: ... This decision increased the momentum of the negotiations for a ban on biological warfare, which took place from 1969 to 1972 in ... By making these data available to local public health officials in real time, most models of anthrax epidemics indicate that ... For example, anthrax can easily be controlled and even created in a garden shed; the FBI suspects it can be done for as little ...
... processes like acquired rule-based systems in decision making and the manipulation of visual representations in decision making ... Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-experts, without removing the technical details. (March 2014) (Learn ... Francis Crick and Christof Koch made some attempts to formulate a consistent framework for future work in neural correlates of ... Blue Brain, a project founded by Henry Markram from the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, aims to construct a ...
Courts these days are making policy-based decisions, untethered from any rule of law, aimed at killing patents they don't like. ... Diehr decision)." He also blames the Federal Circuit for relying on the Supreme Court's decision in Parker v. Flook, as to ... 2015),[1] was a controversial decision of the Federal Circuit in which the court applied the Mayo v. Prometheus test[2] to ... Panel decision[edit]. A three-judge panel affirmed the judgment of the district court. The majority concluded that the patent ...
CBS Builds "Bridge" with CTV, Hollywood Reporter, February 19, 2009 (subscription required) ... None, due to MyNetworkTV's decision to air syndicated programming. Not returning from 2008-09: ... An additional 2 episodes were picked up, making a 24-episode season on November 4, 2009. ...
Decision No 1110/94/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 April 1994 concerning the fourth framework programme ... "Research and innovation funding: making a real difference". European Commission. 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2018.. ... Decision No 1513/2002/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2002 concerning the sixth framework programme ... Decision No 182/1999/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 December 1998 concerning the fifth framework ...
Moreover, as with many decisions made to secure the new dynasty, these Acts of Parliament passed appear to be a collaborative ... Most of these were made in the reign of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I as symbols of loyalty to the Tudor regime. They may be based ... Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano, who probably arrived in England in 1509 and received the commission in the following ... After the battle, it was Stanley who placed the crown on the head of his stepson (Henry VII), who later made him Earl of Derby ...
... associations which might represent these parties in the decision-making process. However, in these countries, collective ... Other documentaries: Made in L.A. (2007); American Standoff (2002); The Fight in the Fields (1997); With Babies and Banners: ... Davies, A. J. To Build a New Jerusalem: Labour Movement from the 1890s to the 1990s (1996). ... The 2010 British film Made in Dagenham, starring Sally Hawkins, dramatizes the Ford sewing machinists strike of 1968 that aimed ...
The US LNG industry restarted in 1965 when a series of new plants were built in the U.S. The building continued through the ... concessions and gas sales for extended periods before proceeding to an investment decision. ... The high cost of building large LNG facilities makes the progressive development of gas sources to maximize facility ... "Meyer Werft to build cruise ships powered by LNG". 2015-06-16. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June ...
Judges' Decision: Depending on scoring, a match may end as: *unanimous decision (all three judges score a win for one fighter), ... As of Cage Rage 13, amendments to the Unified Rules have been made, most notably the "Open Guard" rule and the banning of elbow ... A fight can also end in a technical decision, technical draw, disqualification, forfeit or no contest. ... If a foul causes a fighter to be unable to continue later in the bout, it ends with a technical decision win to the injured ...
Orfield, Gary; Frankenberg, Erica (2013). Educational Delusions? : Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools ... Board of Education US Supreme Court decision revealed a pattern later characterized as white flight, the hypersegregation of ... The majority of these are academically selective.[citation needed] Other schools are built around elite-sporting programs or ... U.S. Department of Education, Office of Innovation and Improvement, Innovations in Education: Creating Successful Magnet ...
... which means that for every input and output signal a hard decision is made whether it corresponds to a one or a zero bit. In ... This can make sense in a streaming setting, where codewords are too large to be classically decoded fast enough and where only ... For example, in the case of a satellite orbiting around Uranus, a retransmission because of decoding errors can create a delay ... However, the proof is not constructive, and hence gives no insight of how to build a capacity achieving code. After years of ...
"Faith Healing - Making Treatment Decisions". American Cancer Society. June 15, 2009.. *^ Aviles, Jennifer M.; Whelan, Sr Ellen ... Traditional practices and beliefs from China, together with modifications made by the Communist party make up TCM. Common ... medical decision-making).[97] Writing in 2002, Snyderman and Weil remarked that by the early twentieth century the Flexner ... and that can create depression and make the eventual treatment of the patient with anything effective difficult, because you ...
A sub-game perfect variant of tit for tat known as "contrite tit for tat" may be created by employing a basic reputation ... Grim trigger on the other hand is the most unforgiving strategy, in the sense even a single defect would the make the player ... This aspect makes the player using the tit for tat strategy appear more "forgiving" to the opponent. ... Finally, it is forgiving as it immediately produces cooperation should the competitor make a cooperative move. ...
Short observed that decision-making in Pol Pot's Cambodia was "unruly", making it dissimilar from the centralised, organised ... the Khmer Rouge Standing Committee made decisions on the basis of the Leninist principle of democratic centralism.[262] In ... he and other Cambodian party leaders made several key decisions. They renamed their organisation the Communist Party of ... Have you made mistakes or not? I don't know. Certainly you have. So rectify yourselves; do rectification!... The road is ...
Guneratne, Arjun (2002). Many Tongues, One People: The Making of Tharu Identity in Nepal. Cornell University Press. ISBN ... According to Congress's decision, no one, including the President of India could enter into Kashmir without the permission of ... This episode created a rift between the President and the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who was afraid that the ... Bahu Lao, Beti Bachao is a campaign by Bajrang Dal to encourage young Hindu men to marry non-Hindu girls and to create ...
For Kleinow, the opportunity was the culmination of his desire to "finally make a living with music," and he would work for ... a decision that hastened Hillman and Parsons' departure from the band.[2] After signing to A&M Records and briefly considering ... and created the dinosaurs for the comic film Caveman (1981). He was a co-recipient of the 1983 Primetime Emmy Award for ...
Their decisions are made by the rector or presidents. The senate and the faculty council are entirely advisory bodies which ... This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. ... The impact of the Bologna declaration on education in Poland made the diploma supplement mandatory for all diplomas in Poland. ... In 1364 the first Polish university (later called Jagiellonian) was created in Cracow. In 1826 the first technical university ...
Finally, the decision was made to move to Livingston. The new site was purchased in 1956 and the hospital was renamed to Saint ... Eliza Titus who was the first patient gave her small estate to help in creating the first hospital on McWhorter Street in ... Once complete, the transaction will create New Jersey's largest health care system and one of the largest in the nation. The ... Center combined is one of the most active transplant programs in the United States with more than 270 cases annually making ...
A Rose makes the important decisions within this group, since she has control over the student council. Candidates for the ... "Have a Good Day Till We Meet Again" (また会う日までごきげんよう, Mata Au Hi Made Gokigen'yō). November 24, 2006. ... The Yamayuri Council meet in a building called the Rose Mansion (薔薇の館, Bara no Yakata). Located within the school, it consists ... Sotsugyō Made ni..., February 2004),[47] "All Alone on Sunday" (ひとりの日曜日, Hitori no Nichiyōbi, April 2004),[
... a protest against the decision of the Government of Assam to make Assamese the only official language of the state even though ... In 1956 Bengali was made a state language of Pakistan.[33] The day has since been observed as Language Movement Day in ... Although there exist a few visual formulas to construct some of these ligatures, many of them have to be learned by rote. ... Other related languages in the nearby region also make use of the Bengali alphabet like the Meitei language in the Indian state ...
... thus making the extraction of the electrons from the atom to form metallic bonding more difficult, and thus making the metal ... An obvious problem with this decision was that Urbain was one of the four members of the commission.[22] The separation of ... Emsley, John (2001). Nature's building blocks: an A-Z guide to the elements. US: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850341-5. . ... Emsley, John (2001). Nature's building blocks: an A-Z guide to the elements. US: Oxford University Press. pp. 240-242. ISBN 0- ...
"UN climate panel ordered to make fundamental reforms". AFP. Google News. 2010-08-30. Archived from the original on 2010-08-31. ... wrote a lengthy rebuttal of the decision on his blog", and disputed the committee's conclusion that the word trick "appears to ... He likes to 'tease these guys and kind of make fun of them,' he says, and their evident aggravation at his inquiries only egged ... After the UK Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) came into effect in 2005, Climate Audit readers were asked to make FOI requests ...
Ben-Haim, Yakov (2006). Info-gap Decision Theory: Decisions Under Severe Uncertainty (2nd edition ed.). Academic Press. p. ...
Operational control software: provides low-level decision making, such as where to store incoming containers, and where to ...
... a political decision rather than a direct consequence of dialect geography, allowing areas with dialects of very limited mutual ... created their own in-house orthographies. ...
Profits are made through sale of the products of forced labor and through the collection of bribes received to reduce sentences ... Detainees can seek to have their detention repealed through an "administrative review" (xingzheng fuyi, 行政复议) of the decision ... In 2014, re-education facilities were created in Xinjiang targeting a wider context than minor crime and political dissidence.[ ... nearly one-third of the known re-education camps were specifically built for the purpose of holding drug offenders.[18] ...
"Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 105 (1): 98-121. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.05.002. PMC 2702783 . PMID ... which he believed would make it invisible to the surveillance cameras. This belief was based on his misunderstanding of the ...
Decisions by the United States Supreme Court and subsequent changes in federal law make it clear that Medicaid must pay for ... 2013 a number of states had not made final decisions, and lists of states which have opted out or were considering opting out ... "Making Medicaid Work" (PDF). www.policymattersohio.org.. *^ "Pregnant Illegal Aliens Overwhelming Emergency Medicaid". Newsmax. ... Medicaid was created to help low-asset people who fall into one of these eligibility categories "pay for some or all of their ...
... societies may have made decisions by communal consensus decision making rather than by appointing permanent rulers such as ... By around 200,000 BP, Middle Paleolithic stone tool manufacturing spawned a tool making technique known as the prepared-core ... and it is likely that both sexes participated in decision making.[65] The earliest known Paleolithic shaman (c. 30,000 BP) was ... During the Upper Paleolithic, further inventions were made, such as the net c. 22,000 or c. 29,000 BP)[34] bolas,[43] the spear ...
This is one of the points made in Lord's (1953) satirical paper On the Statistical Treatment of Football Numbers.[17] ... Theory and Decision. 13: 1-70. doi:10.1007/bf02342603.. ... Further progress was made by Georg Rasch (1960), who developed ... On the other hand, the median, i.e. the middle-ranked item, makes no sense for the nominal type of data since ranking is ... not-guilty' when making judgments in courts, 'wrong/false' vs. 'right/true' when measuring truth value, and, on the other hand ...
The difficult decision had to be made to have this people disappear from the earth. ... that the Final Solution cannot be attributed to a single decision made at one particular point in time.[5] "It is generally ... Lower, Wendy (2006). Nazi Empire-Building and the Holocaust in Ukraine. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 253. ISBN 0807876917. ... Kay, Alex J. (2016). The Making of an SS Killer. Cambridge University Press. pp. 57-62, 72. ISBN 1107146348. . The Vileyka ...
Shared decision making involves the following steps of medical decision making, and a decision might require more than one ... Assess how comfortable the patient is with his or her decision.. At the end of the process, as a decision is made, the ... Shared decision making in preventive health care. Roland Grad, France Légaré, Neil R. Bell, James A. Dickinson, Harminder Singh ... Shared decision making in preventive health care. Roland Grad, France Légaré, Neil R. Bell, James A. Dickinson, Harminder Singh ...
Decision-making techniques[edit]. Decision-making techniques can be separated into two broad categories: group decision-making ... Participative decision-making occurs when an authority opens up the decision-making process to a group of people for a ... Automated decision support: setting up criteria for automated decisions.. *Decision support systems: using decision-making ... Biases usually affect decision-making processes. Here is a list of commonly debated biases in judgment and decision-making:. * ...
... learn what is decision and decision stages . • Distinguish between DM and Problem Solving • Difference between Programmed and ... 2) Never make a snap decision about anything. 3) Make written notes when you are making a decision - perform a SWOT analysis if ... 8. Decision Making Process Step 5 : Select a decision making tool There are several tools for selecting a decision , Please see ... 6) When youve made a decision, stick to it. 7) When you have made your decision, and before you take any action on it, think ...
... Global HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are dynamic diseases that require high-quality, high-volume ... CDC experts make PEPFAR data come alive in ways that tell stories, relay urgencies, demonstrate progress, and make the case for ... and health economics who lead CDCs data-informed decision making. ... PEPFAR survey data inform HIV program planning and target setting and are used to make rapid improvements to programs in real- ...
Conditions for robust decision-making[edit]. Robust decision methods seem most appropriate under three conditions: when the ... Robust decision-making (RDM) is an iterative decision analytic framework that aims to help identify potential robust strategies ... In addition, RDM can be used to facilitate group decision-making in contentious situations where parties to the decision have ... OpenMORDM, an R package for multiobjective robust decision making. *sdtoolkit, scenario discovery toolkit for robust decision- ...
Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, that has built on the NDM tradition. Decision researchers had conducted experiments ... "Putting naturalistic decision making into the adaptive toolbox" (PDF). Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. 14 (5): 381-383. ... The naturalistic decision making (NDM) framework emerged as a means of studying how people make decisions and perform ... Tactical Decision Making Under Stress) project initiated by the Navy following the USS Vincennes shoot-down decision. These ...
Multiscale decision theory builds upon decision theory and multiscale mathematics. Multiscale decision theory can model and ... Distributed Decision Making, Springer, 2003. ISBN 3-540-40201-2 Wernz, C., Multiscale Decision-Making: Bridging Temporal and ... Multiscale decision-making, also referred to as multiscale decision theory (MSDT), is an approach in operations research that ... "Decision Strategies and Design of Agent Interactions in Hierarchical Manufacturing Systems". Journal of Manufacturing Systems. ...
Bad decision making is an essential part of their road to maturity. A problem arises, however, if their poor decision making ... Coach Good Decision Making. You can help your children learn good decision making by coaching them through decisions. This ... "You make the decision. Youre on your own." Instead, ceding decision making to your children is an incremental process based on ... understand why they made a poor decision, and ensure that they "get it" so that they dont make the same bad decision again. ...
... decision makers can uncover critical insights to help them succeed. Gain competitive advantage ... Make the right decisions with an insights-driven approach Understand the impact of every decision and discover new ... Make the right decisions with an insights-driven approach. Understand the impact of every decision and discover new ... Are you blindly guessing, or using #data to drive your business? Discover insights-driven decision-making ...
The article Decision making on Wikipedia projects: (. en. ) Decision making ·. (. ar. ) اتخاذ القرار · (. cs. ) Rozhodování · ( ... Decision making can be regarded as an outcome of mental processes (cognitive process) leading to the selection of a course of ... Media in category "Decision making". The following 184 files are in this category, out of 184 total. ... Attracting-Dynamics-of-Frontal-Cortex-Ensembles-during-Memory-Guided-Decision-Making-pcbi.1002057.s008.ogv 1 min 4 s, 560 × 420 ...
... who makes the final decision, and whos on the committee if there is one. Ask more questions, ask how you can assist, and ask ... Just dont get the names of the other decision-makers, ask the buyer to make an introduction for you. Fourth, some buyers will ... An important part of your research phase of the sales process is knowing your customer, who makes the final decision, and whos ... if they arent the one making the decision, who does? If the buyer truly does like your program, she could be a really big help ...
Still have concerns about making the vaccine decision? Find answers to common vaccine concerns here. ... Making sure vaccines are safe is a priority for CDC. CDC and FDA take many steps to make sure vaccines are very safe both ... Stabilizers help keep vaccine effective after manufactured (Also found in foods such as Jell-O® and resides in the body ... Some websites may claim that ingredients are harmful, but you have to make sure as you surf for vaccine information to seek ...
Shared decision making is when health care providers and patients work together to decide the best way to test for and treat ... Shared decision making is often used when you and your provider need to make big decisions such as:. *Taking a medicine for the ... Shared decision making is when health care providers and patients work together to decide the best way to test for and treat ... Shared decision making helps you and your provider choose a treatment you both support. ...
Priiva Consulting www.priiva.com On Decision Making Achieving your optimal outcome through game theory. By: Bill Forquer www. ... On decision making r6 oct 2010 * 1. Priiva Consulting www.priiva.com On Decision Making Achieving your optimal outcome through ... How we do it... features decision-making strategy by three renowned business executives. How to test your decision-making ... Decision Armed with the camaraderie of debating the "right" strategy, a decision gets made. When I ask executives how decisions ...
... has become of increasing importance in quantitative decision analysis. In applications like supply chain management, service ... Distributed decision making (DDM) has become of increasing importance in quantitative decision analysis. In applications like ... "Distributed decision making (DDM) has become of increasing importance in quantitative decision analysis and in application ... Originally published with the title: Hierarchies in Distributed Decision Making. Topics. *Operation Research/Decision Theory ...
The Board needs to ensure that the relevant parties are informed when a decision is made. When the Board makes a decision ... Many decisions are made that require some followup decisions to be made in order to fully implement the decision. This might be ... Every decision (not just time critical ones) should have one Board owner who is in charge of making followup decisions. ... In general, the Board wants to empower the people implementing a decision to make followup decisions. To enable this the Board ...
... and so much demand has paved the way for companies to build their digital strategy on a multitude of websites. ... Making the Right Multisite Decision The availability of omnichannel opportunities, and so much demand has paved the way for ...
Its not hard to make decisions when you know what your values are. -- Roy Disney Yes, its that time of year again… Spring ... Its common knowledge but bears repeating: Technology should never lead the decision-making process for DAM demands - business ... And yet, the decision to go with a DAM system entails a chain of questions to be carefully considered before proceeding down ... The decision to implement a Digital Asset Management system is a vital step to gaining operational and intellectual control of ...
This guide breaks down what you need to know to confidently make efficient and effective choice ... Decision making is important, but it can also be stressful. ... Youre making decision after decision all the time, and it can ... decision making doesnt need to be so draining and anxiety-inducing. Refining your decision-making process can help you make ... What exactly is decision making? We dont really need to tell you what decision making is, but we will. Its the mental process ...
... make American researchers more aware of NDM research being conducted abroad, particularly in Europe; *connect NDM research with ... This book contains selected papers presented at the 1998 conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM). The objectives of ... ict context crew cues decision errors decision maker decision problems decision-making domain drivers dynamic environment ... Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making. Expertise: Research and Applications Series. Editors. Eduardo Salas, Gary A ...
But the work of behavioral economists has made it clear that its much easier for people to make the right decision when that ... Nudges and Decision-Making. Posted by Jonah Lehrer on May 16, 2007 ... to encourage good decision-making. He begins with a fascinating anecdote about patients in hospital beds:. For more than a ... so that people can make a decision based on relevant facts. Our brain is easily intimidated, and too much information is ...
Decision. Circumstances That May Guide Best Level of Decision-Making. Potential Best Level of Decision-Making. ... A final decision is made by one of the providers. Shared decision-making (level 4). Each healthcare provider presents their ... A two-way flow of information with some discussion, yet a decision is not made with shared decision-making. During medical ... a joint decision is made and followed. The decision may involve ethical dilemmas, where no decision is totally correct. ...
In the conclusion excerpted below, the authors examine the structural attributes that made these organizations successful. ... Davenport and Brook Manville consider twelve cases of teams making critical-and correct-decisions. ... Organizational Judgment Is The New Decision Making. In Judgement Calls, authors Thomas H. Davenport and Brook Manville consider ... and the stage of development and sophistication about decision making it aspires to. Context must guide which pieces are ...
Mela K, Tiainen T, Heinisuo M (2012) Comparative study of multiple criteria decision making methods for building design. Adv ... Simulation results show that the proposed method has a high efficiency compared to some of the existing decision-making methods ... This paper proposes a novel, knowledge and learning based method called behavior-based decision making, BBDM, in control and ... Ho W, Xu X, Dey PK (2010) Multi-criteria decision making approaches for supplier evaluation and selection: a literature review ...
We Make Better Decisions After Mapping Them When we make a decision, we tend to leave our understanding unexamined, whether as ... Whenever making a major decision, we need to sketch out the assets we need in order to execute. At a personal level, wed do ... By mapping our decision-making process, we can see what our assumptions are and where they might go wrong, and when they go ... This decision notebook, Mauboussin explained to the investment website Motley Fool has this purpose:. "Whenever youre making a ...
... This video was recorded at Cognitive Science and Machine Learning Summer School (MLSS), ... Create Materials with Content Builder. Create a Course ePortfolio. Communities. Academic Discipline Communities. Academic ... You just viewed Models of Human decision-making. Please take a moment to rate this material. ... Add a Material to MERLOT Create Materials with Content Builder Create a Course ePortfolio ...
Daniel Morgan failed to consider the role that psychological factors play in physician decision-making. He presumed that ... The Lilys 2018 gift guide: 52 items made and curated by women ...
... in not making decision that cannot be made effective, and in not making decisions that others should make. Not to decide ... Once you make any decision, it works around that decision. There is no right or wrong, only a series of possibilities that ... When making any decision, decision makers should be aware of the opportunity costs that accompany each possible action. In fact ... Not to make decisions that cannot be made effective is to refrain from destroying authority. Not to make decisions that others ...
The decision making process involves evaluating a scenario from different angles, or perspectives, in order to identify ... How to Develop Alternative Perspectives for Decision Making. ... Employ all of your senses during the decision making process. ... How to Develop Alternative Perspectives for Decision Making. The decision making process involves evaluating a scenario from ... Imagine you are a different person approaching the problem. Just imaging you are making a decision from a different viewpoint ...
Collective decision making in bacterial viruses.. Weitz JS1, Mileyko Y, Joh RI, Voit EO. ... depending on the cellular multiplicity of infection within a broad class of gene regulatory models of viral decision-making. ... and that features of collective decision-making in viruses are evolvable life history traits. ... Simulated dynamics of the decision switch as a function of multiplicity of infection, where = 1, 3, and 5. Notice that CII ...
  • Shared decision making (SDM) is a process whereby clinicians collaboratively help patients to reach evidence-informed and value-congruent medical decisions. (cfp.ca)
  • In these circumstances, individual patients might make different screening decisions depending on their individual values and preferences. (cfp.ca)
  • the analysis of individual decisions concerned with the logic of decision-making, or communicative rationality , and the invariant choice it leads to. (wikipedia.org)
  • Logical decision-making is an important part of all science-based professions, where specialists apply their knowledge in a given area to make informed decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] [4] Jonathan Rosenhead and colleagues were among the first to lay out a systematic decision framework for robust decisions, in their 1989 book Rational Analysis for a Problematic World . (wikipedia.org)
  • Decision making is crucial because the decisions your children make dictate the path that their lives take. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Teaching your children to make their own decisions has several benefits. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When your children make bad decisions, they may suffer for it, but they can learn from the experience and make better decisions in the future. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Popular culture wants to take your children's decisions out of their hands-and yours-and make your children's decisions for them. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When these hot buttons are pushed, children who are poor decision makers are ready prey to the inevitable bad decisions when they listen to popular culture. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Encouraging your children to make their own decisions isn't as simple as saying, "You make the decision. (psychologytoday.com)
  • You can also increase the importance of the decisions they make, for example, what activities they participate in or when they choose to go to bed. (psychologytoday.com)
  • With each decision, you want them to recognize whether their decisions were good or bad and that they're responsible for the consequences of their decisions. (psychologytoday.com)
  • By making this connection, they can see that their decisions are their own. (psychologytoday.com)
  • A part of helping your children gain experience with making decisions involves educating them about the decision-making process. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Because children lack experience and perspective, they tend to make decisions that are impulsive and focused on immediate gratification. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Gain competitive advantage with the insights-driven approach you need to make the best decisions, every time. (netvibes.com)
  • The naturalistic decision making (NDM) framework emerged as a means of studying how people make decisions and perform cognitively complex functions in demanding, real-world situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead of looking for ways that people were suboptimal, they wanted to find out how people were able to make tough decisions under difficult conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doing this, people can successfully make rapid decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The RPD model explains how people can make good decisions without comparing options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together, you and your provider can make better health care decisions. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The human factor in strategic decisions" explores how managers and companies can overcome human nature in making decisions. (slideshare.net)
  • Forks Make You Eat the Rest of Your Strategic Framework Forks-in-the-road are the most defining decisions your company faces. (slideshare.net)
  • When the Board makes decisions that require work to be done, the Board has a responsibility to see that the people doing the work have everything they need to get the work done. (fedoraproject.org)
  • There are three levels of responsibilities that the Board needs to take care of when making decisions that require work to be done. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Many decisions are made that require some followup decisions to be made in order to fully implement the decision. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Every decision (not just time critical ones) should have one Board owner who is in charge of making followup decisions. (fedoraproject.org)
  • In general, the Board wants to empower the people implementing a decision to make followup decisions. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Make sure to explain the spirit of decisions so the implementors can feel more comfortable that their followup decisions are natural extensions to what we explicitly mentioned. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Default to letting the person driving the change make followup decisions. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Make sure that any decisions the Board wants to retain control over are mentioned explicitly. (fedoraproject.org)
  • How we make academic decisions in order to award our degrees, and the actions we took in light of COVID-19 disruption during the 2019/20 academic year. (bath.ac.uk)
  • On this page we provide information about how we make academic decisions in order to award our degrees. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Decisions about students' progression, their ability to remain on a programme, their eligibility for an award, and their award classifications, are made on the basis of our rule-based assessment regulations and appropriate levels of academic judgement. (bath.ac.uk)
  • The Boards of Examiners for Programmes (BEP) makes decisions about students' progression and makes decisions about awards to students registered on programmes under its academic authority. (bath.ac.uk)
  • The Boards of Studies consider the recommendations, and will give final approval to decisions on progression and on the making of awards. (bath.ac.uk)
  • It's not hard to make decisions when you know what your values are. (cmswire.com)
  • And then there are those big, career-making, business-driving decisions that keep you up at night, like how to price your product or what features to release next. (atlassian.com)
  • Gary Klein is a cognitive psychologist and author of Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions, a book for management professionals on the capabilities of employees in stressful situations and environments. (google.com)
  • They can actually make decisions , and fairly complex decisions at that. (treehugger.com)
  • But there were also subtler decisions built into each of these scenarios, too. (treehugger.com)
  • IP-SDM is neither intended to be used for routine and straightforward decisions, nor is it intended to promote any specific decision, but rather provides a range of explicit approaches to decision-making within the interprofessional team. (medscape.com)
  • In Judgement Calls , authors Thomas H. Davenport and Brook Manville consider twelve cases of teams making critical-and correct-decisions. (fastcompany.com)
  • How can organizations mobilize that in order to make better decisions? (fastcompany.com)
  • Even the ancient Athenians and McKinsey & Company, which had well-established processes and values within which decisions developed, reflect organizations in which the capability was deliberately built over time. (fastcompany.com)
  • BBDM uses the knowledge-based information to make appropriate decisions when any desired behavioral style is requested from the system. (springer.com)
  • In fact, we're often quite irrational, making decisions that aren't in our best interest, acting on impulse and blinded by unseen bias, and taking actions that aren't well evaluated. (fastcompany.com)
  • The better we attend to the way we make decisions, the better we can understand what we misunderstood. (fastcompany.com)
  • At a personal level, we'd do well to note our emotional state, too, since anger primes people to make aggressive decisions and fear prompts timid ones. (fastcompany.com)
  • By noting our assets and our assumptions, we may grow more intimate, more nuanced, and more rigorous in our approach to making decisions. (fastcompany.com)
  • The Accounting for Investment and Managerial Decision-Making online certificate course will equip you with the financial and managerial accounting skills you need to make better business and investment decisions, and enhance your organisation's performance. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The fine art of executive decision consists in not deciding questions that are not now pertinent, in not deciding prematurely, in not making decision that cannot be made effective , and in not making decisions that others should make. (wikiquote.org)
  • Not to make decisions that cannot be made effective is to refrain from destroying authority. (wikiquote.org)
  • Not to make decisions that others should make is to preserve morale, to develop competence, to fix responsibility, and to preserve authority. (wikiquote.org)
  • Economics is the study of how people make decisions in resource-limited situations. (wikiquote.org)
  • Macroeconomics is the study of how people make decisions in resource-limited situations on a national or global scale. (wikiquote.org)
  • It deals with the effects of decisions that national leaders make on such issues as tax rates, interest rates, foreign and trade policy. (wikiquote.org)
  • It deals with the decisions that individuals and organizations make on such issues such as how much insurance to buy, which word processor to buy, or what prices to charge for their products or services. (wikiquote.org)
  • Here, we present a mathematical theory of how bacterial viruses can make collective decisions concerning the fate of infected cells. (nih.gov)
  • Hence, we prove that deterministic decisions can be reached, e.g., lysis or latency, depending on the cellular multiplicity of infection within a broad class of gene regulatory models of viral decision-making. (nih.gov)
  • Handbook of Decision Making' presents a wide range of theoretical and empirical approaches to the understanding of strategic decisions. (worldcat.org)
  • Businesses can use ethical decision making to secure their businesses by making decisions that allow for government agencies to minimize their involvement with the corporation. (bartleby.com)
  • When company makes decisions, it should be long term decisions. (bartleby.com)
  • are some times when there is no choice but to make decisions with possible ethical consequences at some point in any human services career when an ethical dilemma is faced. (bartleby.com)
  • A leader may have all the skills necessary to engage their workforce, manage their finances and operate their business, but if they make poor decisions, nothing else matters. (uwm.edu)
  • While this program is a part of the Advanced Leadership Certificate , leaders at all levels who make decisions daily will benefit from attending. (uwm.edu)
  • they make decisions for their level and move forward. (smartbrief.com)
  • It's easy to be overwhelmed by all the decisions you need to make when you're preparing for retirement. (forbes.com)
  • But when it comes to retirement and toothpaste-and many other decisions we have to make each day in our life-we face so many choices we're hit with what's called decision fatigue . (forbes.com)
  • The result is it becomes harder for us to make other important decisions and make them well. (forbes.com)
  • How Do We Actually Make Good Decisions? (forbes.com)
  • The first step toward high-quality decisions is getting past the decision fatigue that can come with your retirement strategy. (forbes.com)
  • The first step to better decision-making for retirement is to reduce your decision fatigue and break big decisions into smaller more manageable steps. (forbes.com)
  • Keep in mind, it's okay to be wrong when making decisions about your retirement. (forbes.com)
  • Make more decisions could be your three word mantra. (typepad.com)
  • Data are required to monitor and raise awareness of the situation in different sectors, ranging from the proportion of women and men in top positions in politics and business, to those making different types of decisions at the household level. (unece.org)
  • She says at Western Kentucky Univeristy they have spent "inordinate amounts of time" cleaning data so sound data-informed decisions can be made. (sas.com)
  • 6 Shared decision making is an approach where clinicians and patients make decisions together using the best available evidence. (bmj.com)
  • Interventions to support patient decisions, often called decision aids, have been developed to provide evidence based information to patients. (bmj.com)
  • There is some evidence that when patients have made well informed decisions, they also adhere better to treatment regimens 11 and that when informed patients face discretionary surgery, they make more conservative decisions, often deferring or declining interventions (relative risk 0.8, 0.6 to 0.9). (bmj.com)
  • Learn to make decisions thoughtfully by gathering the needed information, giving yourself time to think, and evaluating the situation long-term. (wikihow.com)
  • Avoid making impulsive or emotionally-charged decisions. (wikihow.com)
  • Making decisions when anxious, stressed, or upset will likely lead to poorer outcomes. (wikihow.com)
  • Stating the aims and outline This study aims at exploring the extent to which the evolution of green procurement practices influences managerial decisions making. (bartleby.com)
  • While research on factors driving corporate investment decisions has blossomed, knowledge related to the Chief Executive Officer's (CEO's) market sentiment on investment decision outcomes is lacking. (repec.org)
  • Lehrer cites psychological research on how good decisions are made to evaluate the strengths of McCain and Obama's cognitive styles. (utne.com)
  • It's important for decision makers to "constantly reflect on their own thought process" and to enlist advisers that will challenge their decisions. (utne.com)
  • Volume 4, Interactive and Group Processes, considers how people make decisions in social interactions, group decision making, and implications for economics and society. (sagepub.com)
  • Older people are challenged when they are asked to make decisions in uncertain situations. (psychcentral.com)
  • On average, older adults made decisions that resulted in the lowest expected monetary outcomes, compared with midlife participants. (psychcentral.com)
  • The most important premise for the success of the ongoing experiment in federal procurement reform is the expectation that government officials when given the opportunity will make wise business decisions. (fcw.com)
  • The tool has a clean user interface and makes the entire process of creating, sharing and evaluating decisions hassle-free. (makeuseof.com)
  • There is no surprise that with the ever-increasing complexity of problems, uncertain decision will be made by different formal ways and technologies in dynamic environment, and it calls for innovative approaches to provide interpretable solutions and effective decisions. (hindawi.com)
  • The surprising thing was that he also became incapable of making decisions. (forbes.com)
  • With Dr. Damasio's results in mind, and knowing what you already know about your own decision making process, how can you make better decisions? (forbes.com)
  • None of us - even the most objective and analytical - can make decisions based solely on fact without emotional involvement. (forbes.com)
  • We make our own decisions to invest, or not to invest, independent of what other investors are thinking. (feld.com)
  • This page describes how the Fedora D&I team makes decisions. (fedoraproject.org)
  • More significant decisions are made through a process of full consensus. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Decisions are made by having an unstructured discussion until consensus is reached. (libcom.org)
  • Being "formal" merely means that the organisation has a written set of rules about how decisions are made, and duties of officers and conditions of membership are clearly defined. (libcom.org)
  • A libertarian organisation would have a constitution that explicitly lays out a non-hierarchical way of making decisions. (libcom.org)
  • The general membership meeting of the organisation must remain the supreme decision-making body and can over-rule any decisions of elected officers. (libcom.org)
  • Since many authoritarian leftists define social change in terms of putting a particular leadership into power -- such as the Leninist concept of "the revolutionary party taking state power" -- it is no surprise that even organisations formed, or influenced, by authoritarian leftists may have a hierarchical set-up where the power to make decisions is concentrated in some executive board or steering committee. (libcom.org)
  • Specifically with the diabetes program, over 80% of patients who watched it felt that decision making was critical in helping them make decisions about their care. (endocrineweb.com)
  • It is known that patients who are given decision aids (eg, video about a condition, treatment) to make health care decisions know more about their condition, their expectations are more realistic, and their values and choices match. (endocrineweb.com)
  • We are so slow to make decisions around here. (oreilly.com)
  • How do animals use the behavior of others to make more accurate decisions, especially when it is not possible to identify which individuals possess pertinent information? (pnas.org)
  • We show that a quorum response to conspecifics can explain how sticklebacks make collective movement decisions, both in the absence and presence of a potential predation risk. (pnas.org)
  • In fact, making decisions about the environment at the subnationallevel-in state, regional, and local jurisdictions-is a lot like politics. (springer.com)
  • FRIDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors can be sharper than young adults at making financial decisions, mostly because they can tap into the wealth of knowledge they have accumulated over the years, new research suggests. (medicinenet.com)
  • Also, seniors may not have any advantage over younger people "when it comes to novel financial decisions, like figuring out how to invest their 401[k]s," said Li, who was with Columbia University's Center for Decision Sciences when he worked on the study. (medicinenet.com)
  • The public may assume that older people make more bad decisions than their younger counterparts because brainpower declines with age. (medicinenet.com)
  • The Challenge: The field of decision analysis is a rich and mature discipline that provides robust methods for helping decision makers understand the nature of their decisions, involve stakeholders and scientists in appropriate steps of the process, and develop transparent records for the public. (usgs.gov)
  • Some interventions have demonstrated promise in helping children learn to make better decisions," said Weller. (psychcentral.com)
  • Following a good process when making decisions can lead to more favorable outcomes over time," Weller said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Even when decisions have negative expected values, people still make such decisions. (sparknotes.com)
  • Some researchers believe that this occurs because people make some decisions by estimating subjective utility , or the personal value of a decision's outcome. (sparknotes.com)
  • People often make flawed decisions. (sparknotes.com)
  • People sometimes make irrational decisions in an effort to minimize risk. (sparknotes.com)
  • I started to critically examine how I make decisions when working as a research assistant. (ipl.org)
  • As soon as I heard the results I considered how when I make decisions I struggle to consider the positive and negative equally. (ipl.org)
  • Knowing that I have a preference to overemphasize risks, causes me to start my decision making process for big decisions by gathering information and carefully making a list of the positive and negative consequences. (ipl.org)
  • When I'm making smaller decisions, like what I will eat for lunch, I tend to base my decision on what has historically lead to positive outcomes. (ipl.org)
  • However, after attending the academic conduct decision-making workshop, I have gain awareness of how my decision impact myself and others, learn a framework that can be used to make complex decisions, and learned to analyze my own decisions to create strategies for self-monitoring. (ipl.org)
  • Self-Reflection Chase Watkins Boise State University Self-Reflection When faced with making decisions I look at all aspects of the decision at hand, consciously and unconsciously reflect back on my past experiences, then look back to the decision again. (ipl.org)
  • educator, teach my students, reflection on my teaching procedures on a regular basis is a must and second, after reflecting on the way I conduct my lessons, I must take decisions on my current methodologies and make changes that will help me to improve the quality of the way I instruct my learners. (ipl.org)
  • An effective leader is expected to confidently analyze multifaceted situations and quickly make informed, responsible decisions, all while juggling the day-to-day. (unc.edu)
  • It can be far too easy in the busyness to be overly reactive, making biased decisions resulting in flawed outcomes. (unc.edu)
  • An advance decision is used to specify which treatments you would accept or refuse if you can't communicate, or lose the capacity to make decisions, in the future. (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • But in case you're unable to make decisions about your healthcare in the future, it's possible to make an advance decision. (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • An advance decision is used to specify which medical treatments you would accept or refuse under certain circumstances - either because you're unconscious, can't communicate or have lost the capacity to make decisions. (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • Brain injuries or illnesses such as dementia or severe depression can cause an incapacity to make decisions," says Manuel Trachsel, senior assistant at the Institute for Biomedical Ethics of the University of Zurich. (innovations-report.com)
  • Physicians show a lack of consensus when it comes to defining decision-making capacity, identifying the key assessment criteria and describing the way in which they assess someone's ability to make decisions. (innovations-report.com)
  • Most physicians apply their own rules of thumb to determine whether a patient is capable of making decisions or not," says Trachsel. (innovations-report.com)
  • Socio-economic and policy analysis provides insight into the contexts in which decisions are made and implemented. (eawag.ch)
  • If your score is 90 or more, your group demonstrates outstanding teamwork when making decisions. (amanet.org)
  • He is also the author of How Great Decisions Get Made: 10 Easy Steps for Reaching Agreement on Even the Toughest Issues . (amanet.org)
  • In this article, we explore the processes which farmers go through when making operational decisions about technical interventions. (scirp.org)
  • By relying on overly narrow definitions of rationality, previous studies of farmers' decisions often failed to identify the complexity of farmers' operational decision-making. (scirp.org)
  • This article presents a conceptual framework that provides a means to methodically examine the processes in which knowledge and information are used by farmers when making operational decisions. (scirp.org)
  • Fourth, in the short term, by driving unprecedented rigour into decision-making processes, forcing decision-makers to be much more explicit about the mental models on which they are basing decisions, to enable comparison with automated analytics. (rusi.org)
  • As Health Care Professionals (HCP) we see families struggling to make treatment decisions, and many patients and families look to HCPs to make decisions for them. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • Making decisions in pediatric settings also has added complexities that cause decisions to be challenging including the inherent dynamic of a gradually changing maturity level of the child patient, and the possibility of multiple caregivers factoring into decision making, each of whom carry their own values and treatment goals. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • In his December deposition, Lloyd said that the department had yet to formalize the procedures laid out in the email nine months earlier, and that decisions about abortions were still happening on "a case-by-case basis" with ORR staffers looking at the circumstances of the case and making a decision based on the "best interest" of the minor. (politico.com)
  • After five years of investigating the basic mechanisms of human decision-making, the Caltech Conte Center will tackle a more complex topic: How do social settings affect the way we make decisions? (caltech.edu)
  • The center began in 2011 with a $9 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and a charge of shining light on the neurobiology that underlies how humans make decisions in social settings. (caltech.edu)
  • This new research direction is extremely important because it also highlights why everybody makes somewhat different decisions, and why some people can make very good decisions, while others make very bad decisions. (caltech.edu)
  • Parents have the legal responsibility to make medical decisions in the best interests of their minor children who lack decision-making capacity, but they also have the ethical duty to develop that capacity. (ama-assn.org)
  • Decisions shape personal and organizational outcomes, and both researchers and practitioners look for ways to enhance decision making prowess. (ssrn.com)
  • We suggest that mindfulness may help notice when a decision should or could be made, increase goal awareness, enhance consistency of the decision with one's fundamental values, facilitate option generation, reduce the sunk cost bias, and help recognize ethical challenges of decisions. (ssrn.com)
  • Finally, mindful decision makers are more likely to learn to make better decisions over time because they are more open to feedback and less prone to misinterpret it by making self-serving attributions. (ssrn.com)
  • Many problems in computational sustainability require making a sequence of decisions in complex, uncertain environments. (aaai.org)
  • It is also important to synthesize and visualize these data for comprehension and use by stakeholders and decision-makers. (cdc.gov)
  • While often used by researchers to evaluate alternative options, RDM is designed and is often employed as a method for decision support , with a particular focus on helping decision makers identify and design new decision options that may be more robust than those they had originally considered. (wikipedia.org)
  • By capturing a wide variety of information from across the internet and analyzing data alongside internal company metrics, decision makers can uncover critical insights to help them succeed. (netvibes.com)
  • Just don't get the names of the other decision-makers, ask the buyer to make an introduction for you. (lynda.com)
  • Fourth, some buyers will tell you that they'll discuss your offering with other decision-makers. (lynda.com)
  • Lastly, ask your buyer for assistance to meet with other decision-makers. (lynda.com)
  • The theory's results can be used by mechanism designers and decision-makers in organizations and complex systems to improve system performance and decision quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • But armed with more and better information, decision makers in turn face even more choices and nuances about what they must decide and why. (fastcompany.com)
  • A functional understanding of finance and accounting by non-financial managers and decision makers can be used to better harness these insights and align business strategy effectively. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Finally, you'll learn how to create incentive, monitoring, and feedback systems that inform decision makers and drive results. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This video is intended for users and producers of statistics, middle and senior staff in the Statistical Offices, policy and decision makers, academia, and stakeholders interested in gender statistics. (unece.org)
  • Finally, this comprehensive resource can be used as a guide for non-expert industry decision-makers and government policymakers who need a thorough overview on the industry. (elsevier.com)
  • It is often assumed that decision-makers at any age have both the right and ability to make their own choices that maximizes their welfare, but our data suggest that this one-size-fits-all approach may be wrong for models that target broad populations. (psychcentral.com)
  • One way to achieve that would be by increasing the number of female decision makers. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Model simulations further predict that quorum responses by fish improve the accuracy and speed of their decision-making over that of independent decision-makers or those using a weak linear response. (pnas.org)
  • Scientific input can help decision makers and resource managers anticipate the consequences of interventions. (eawag.ch)
  • While it's widely accepted that the adoption of a cloud-centric approach is a smart approach for modern organizations, many IT decision-makers are still hesitant to transition all their data to a cloud environment, preferring to stick to what they know: on-premise legacy systems or private cloud. (eweek.com)
  • To be successful, IT decision-makers need to be selective in how they manage mission-critical system of record workloads at scale to account for the distributed nature of the cloud. (eweek.com)
  • COVID-19 will likely further fuel Kubernetes' popularity among IT decision-makers who want to adapt to the new normal. (eweek.com)
  • Ethics policy recently adopted by the AMA recommends ways that physicians should support parents in helping children become independent decision-makers. (ama-assn.org)
  • It may also reduce confirmation bias and overconfidence, allow decision makers to better differentiate between relevant and irrelevant information, reduce reliance on stereotypes, help appreciate uncertainty and productively deal with it, and reduce illusory pattern detection. (ssrn.com)
  • Decision making can be regarded as an outcome of mental processes (cognitive process) leading to the selection of a course of action among several alternatives. (wikimedia.org)
  • Multiscale decision-making, also referred to as multiscale decision theory (MSDT), is an approach in operations research that combines game theory, multi-agent influence diagrams, in particular dependency graphs, and Markov decision processes to solve multiscale challenges in sociotechnical systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • EURO Journal on Decision Processes (in press). (wikipedia.org)
  • The structure of the book is well chosen: Part I provides the basic concepts of distributed decision-making (DDM), Part II describes general applications, and Part III focuses on leadership and coordination processes. (springer.com)
  • This model doesn't actually direct you to a final choice, but it's a great first step in helping you sort out what to do next by leading you to one of five possible decision-making processes that can get you to your end goal. (atlassian.com)
  • In recent years there has been increased interest in the effects of internal communication on decision processes. (wikiquote.org)
  • High performance workplaces that integrate the views of line employees into decision-making processes It is an ethical ideology that an entity, be it an organization or individual, has an obligation to act to benefit society at large. (bartleby.com)
  • During the past decade, significant advances have been made to characterise the changes in the cell cycle during differentiation, and to uncover the multiple bidirectional links that coordinate these two processes. (nih.gov)
  • Full consensus is required to approve new processes, make changes to existing team policies, and tickets requiring D&I budget . (fedoraproject.org)
  • We developed a conceptual modelling framework that structures the decision-making behaviour along a set of cognitive processes such as perception, interpretation, goal reasoning, planning and judgment. (scirp.org)
  • Understanding their production- management practices more thoroughly requires understanding how they think, what they know, what matters to them, what attracts their attention, how they organise information and the feelings that underlie their decision-making processes. (scirp.org)
  • The new norm in which we now live and work demands technology that addresses workflow needs and has forced enterprises to rethink their decision-making processes to balance economic value with experiential value. (eweek.com)
  • The research has broad applications in public health because many mental illnesses are rooted in disordered decision-making processes. (caltech.edu)
  • Daniel Tranel, professor of psychological and brain sciences at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, will look at patients with brain lesions to see how decision-making processes are affected when various areas of the brain are damaged. (caltech.edu)
  • But naturalistic decision-making research shows that in situations with higher time pressure, higher stakes, or increased ambiguities, experts may use intuitive decision-making rather than structured approaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • RDM approaches have been applied to a wide range of different types of decision challenges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whether using analytical software, blogging across the enterprise, embracing more democratic approaches to employee or managerial participation, employing a new problem-solving process, changing how to engage a leadership team, or using a different organizational design, our cases show enterprises that built judgment by assembling and combining different pieces of infrastructure and process into a new kind of "system" to better find solutions to problems. (fastcompany.com)
  • Ho W, Xu X, Dey PK (2010) Multi-criteria decision making approaches for supplier evaluation and selection: a literature review. (springer.com)
  • For this reason, it is advantageous to consider as many different approaches as possible before making a decision. (wikihow.com)
  • For example, if you must make a decision on how to clean a floor, then imagine how you might mess up a floor in order to identify new approaches to cleaning it. (wikihow.com)
  • This app takes you through a step by step decision-making process that allows you to consider your options using five approaches from the ethical tradition. (scu.edu)
  • This data is supposed to aid the decision-making process, and its richness should inform multiple analytics approaches that can generate powerful insights. (bcg.com)
  • Because farmers have different approaches to the decision-making process, it is essential to describe these differences to identify areas in which management skills require improvement. (scirp.org)
  • Decision aids are appropriate when more than one course of action is feasible (clinical equipoise) and where the best decision depends on the patient's reaction to the outcome probabilities. (bmj.com)
  • It will also present clear guidelines for primary care clinicians to follow that incorporate shared decision-making techniques, tools for estimating the risks and benefits of screening mammography, and strategies for integrating a patient's life expectancy and comorbidities into the decision-making process. (medscape.com)
  • Beyond age 75: decision to stop screening should be based on a shared decision-making process that includes a discussion of the patient's health status and longevity. (medscape.com)
  • If the patient's decision-making capacity is impaired, according to current legislation the physician needs to consider a living will or consult a patient-appointed proxy. (innovations-report.com)
  • The results, which have now been published (**), suggest that the vast majority of physicians feel they are responsible for assessing the patient's decision-making capacity. (innovations-report.com)
  • In many cases of medical decision-making, despite best efforts to reduce bias and to account for patient's values, cultural obligations and stress levels, a hierarchical paradigm, generally, continues to prevail. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • Shared Decision Making has been shown to improve decision satisfaction and fulfillment of the patient's treatment plan. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • The service is also innovative in that the model involves unbiased decision support from outside the patient's circle of care, laying the foundation for comparison to models where practitioners are directly involved in the decision coaching. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • This concept explores the decision-making strategy taken by two individuals who, by acting in their own individual best interest, end up with worse outcomes than if they had cooperated with each other in the first place. (investopedia.com)
  • To our knowledge, this is the first research to suggest how decision-making competence is associated with future outcomes. (psychcentral.com)
  • After I've considered the potential outcomes, I tend to discuss them with someone to make sure I have a holistic view of the decision. (ipl.org)
  • In its campaign for the Dec. 16 Lower House election, the Liberal Democratic Party proposed raising the percentage of women in decision-making positions to 30 percent or more in every field by 2020. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • In academic year 2019/20, we made sure that there were appropriate online study opportunities to replace on-campus activity for the period of the COVID-19 disruption. (bath.ac.uk)
  • As at many other universities, our highest academic decision-making body, Senate, also agreed measures for our students on taught programmes to take into account COVID-19 disruption to semester 2 and the summer of academic year 2019/20. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Building from our strong, existing regulatory framework, we aimed to give our students the best chance to complete the academic year 2019/20, and where appropriate, to gain their award, while maintaining the standards of our degrees. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Good organizational judgment is often created by leaders-not as great "deciders" themselves, but as more egoless developers of the right context and structures to allow their organizations to find solutions more collectively. (fastcompany.com)
  • Judgment and Decision Making brings together the classic works in the field of the past 50 years, both setting the field in historical and theoretical context, and outlining cutting edge research. (sagepub.com)
  • Robust decision-making ( RDM ) is an iterative decision analytic framework that aims to help identify potential robust strategies, characterize the vulnerabilities of such strategies, and evaluate the tradeoffs among them. (wikipedia.org)
  • RDM rests on three key concepts that differentiate it from the traditional subjective expected utility decision framework: multiple views of the future, a robustness criterion, and reversing the order of traditional decision analysis by conducting an iterative process based on a vulnerability-and-response-option rather than a predict-then-act decision framework. (wikipedia.org)
  • The traditional subjective utility framework ranks alternative decision options contingent on best estimate probability distributions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NDM framework focuses on cognitive functions such as decision making, sensemaking, situational awareness, and planning - which emerge in natural settings and take forms that are not easily replicated in the laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The recognition-primed decision (RPD) model is the main protocol derived from the NDM framework. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our goal in working together is to look forward and define a framework and build out the capabilities now that will allow your organization to mature over time and achieve sustainable success. (cmswire.com)
  • In the paper, a conceptual model of recurrent decision-making in a competitive environment is developed and used as a framework for analyzing some examples of decision- making strategies. (repec.org)
  • Make a list of questions you want the information-gathering session to answer in order to keep the search focused. (wikihow.com)
  • We further argue that while mindfulness may diminish the scope of information search, it may also improve the quality of information used to make a decision. (ssrn.com)
  • 9 Decision Making in Groups: Theory and Practice (COLIN EDEN AND FRAN ACKERMANN). (worldcat.org)
  • This book is designated for scholars, practitioners and doctoral and master's degree students in various areas and those who are interested in the latest biometric and intelligent decision making support problems and means for their resolutions, biometric and intelligent decision making support systems and the theory and practice of their integration and the opportunities for the practical use of biometric and intelligent decision making support. (google.com)
  • This article outlines some options for creating a sustainable decision support platform for patients that may facilitate a wider adoption of shared decision making in clinical practice. (bmj.com)
  • While libertarians oppose this practice, and pose the alternative of direct decision-making by the members or rank-and-file participants, it is, nonetheless, not necessary to oppose all delegation of tasks or responsibilities. (libcom.org)
  • It is important to differentiate between problem analysis and decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differentiate the decision conditions of certainty, risk, and uncertainty. (bartleby.com)
  • Nervous decision-making: to divide or differentiate. (nih.gov)
  • McKinsey Quarterly is always a great source for strategy topics, including strategic decision making. (slideshare.net)
  • And not so recent, yet relevant, "Making the board more strategic: A McKinsey Global Survey" offers great insights about board and management interactions. (slideshare.net)
  • The Typical Decision Process (with color) Very few executives I speak to can actually articulate a repeatable strategic decision making process in their organization. (slideshare.net)
  • 1 Crucial Trends and Issues in Strategic Decision Making (PAUL C. NUTT AND DAVID C. WILSON). (worldcat.org)
  • 6 Organizational Identity and Strategic Decision Making (AIMEE L. HAMILTON AND DENNIS A. GIOIA). (worldcat.org)
  • Game theory , the study of strategic decision-making, brings together disparate disciplines such as mathematics, psychology and philosophy. (investopedia.com)
  • Decision-Making for Biomass-Based Production Chains: The Basic Concepts and Medothologies presents a comprehensive study of key-issues surrounding the integration of strategic, tactical and operational decision levels for supply chains in the biomass, biofuels and biorefining sectors. (elsevier.com)
  • Strategic Decision-Making helps you overcome the urge to rely on impulse and become a leader who can efficiently and reliably address complex problems. (unc.edu)
  • Operational decision- making (process-oriented) is considerably different from design or strategic decision-making (configuration- and organisation-oriented), which is "one-shot" and stated in a static way. (scirp.org)
  • CDC and FDA take many steps to make sure vaccines are very safe both before and after the public begins using the vaccine. (cdc.gov)
  • There are many steps to building the 'House of DAM' that merit attention well before any technology has been considered, let alone purchased. (cmswire.com)
  • are all part of your decision-making process - the series of steps you follow to land on your final pick. (atlassian.com)
  • In addition, RDM can be used to facilitate group decision-making in contentious situations where parties to the decision have strong disagreements about assumptions and values. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different settings like multi-level one-person decision problems, multi-person antagonistic planning, and leadership situations are covered. (springer.com)
  • Be aware that situations change, and a good decision made previously may no longer be adequate for the current dilemma. (amanet.org)
  • Adolphs and Cendri Hutcherson, director of the University of Toronto's Decision Neuroscience Lab, will team up to look at how different social situations affect altruistic behavior in an individual. (caltech.edu)
  • This area of decision-making, although very old, has attracted the interest of many researchers and practitioners and is still highly debated as there are many MCDA methods which may yield very different results when they are applied on exactly the same data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robust decision-making (RDM) is a particular set of methods and tools developed over the last decade, primarily by researchers associated with the RAND Corporation , designed to support decision-making and policy analysis under conditions of deep uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Decision researchers had conducted experiments and developed models for decades prior to the emergence of NDM in 1989. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first NDM researchers went against the norm because instead of beginning with formal models of decision making, they began by conducting field research to try to discover the strategies people used. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, researchers discovered that competition and a dynamic environment are what really pushes plant decision-making to its limits. (treehugger.com)
  • This site is designed to help teachers and researchers who choose to adopt a knowledge management perspective in approaching the field of decision support systems. (uky.edu)
  • On the platform, researchers coming from academe and industry can present the advanced methodologies to cope with uncertain decision-making and optimization problems. (hindawi.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Minnesota have discovered that rats in a decision making experiment showed three behaviors consistent with regret . (slashdot.org)
  • Researchers compared each child's scores from the initial decision-making assessment to the child's and their parent's behavioral reports. (psychcentral.com)
  • Researchers believe the study helps to clarify the association between decision-making and high-risk behavior. (psychcentral.com)
  • Obviously plants don't have nervous systems, so more research will be needed to see exactly how these decision-making mechanisms operate within our flora friends. (treehugger.com)
  • Despite the growing interest in collective phenomena such as "swarm intelligence" and "wisdom of the crowds," little is known about the mechanisms underlying decision-making in vertebrate animal groups. (pnas.org)
  • Although the topic of entrepreneurial decision making is broad, in doing so, he reveals the mechanisms that come into play during the entrepreneurial decision-making process. (e-elgar.com)
  • We have set up an exchange program with three labs in Australia that share similar interests, to build the theoretical and applied expertise in both countries. (usgs.gov)
  • To be a good Manger , You Must be a good Decision Maker. (slideshare.net)
  • When they make a good decision, they can gain the greatest amount of satisfaction and fulfillment because they chose it. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When facing a big decision, you want to choose a provider who is good at communicating with patients . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Fear not, there's good news ahead: decision making doesn't need to be so draining and anxiety-inducing. (atlassian.com)
  • That's why there are tons of diverse frameworks and models for decision making, from a good, old-fashioned pros and cons list to a matrix that will help you evaluate your choices. (atlassian.com)
  • David Leonhardt has an interesting column on the importance of using subtle environmental cues - Leonhardt calls them "nudges" - to encourage good decision-making. (scienceblogs.com)
  • But here again, another dimension of complexity enters the fray: when the knowledge needed for a good decision is more decentralized, together with the authority to apply it, how can organizations mobilize this knowledge in a rationale and practical way? (fastcompany.com)
  • We think a favorable outcome means you made a good decision, while an unfavorable outcome means you made a bad one. (forbes.com)
  • What Makes a Good Freelance Job? (intuit.com)
  • This app has been created to help users ask good questions about ethical choices. (scu.edu)
  • While in years past, complexity may have been an impediment to good insight, nowadays the lower cost of computational power allows organizations to conduct more granular, and more valuable, when-and-where decision-making. (esri.com)
  • Why do our guts always make ourselves the good guys and other people the bad guys? (lifehack.org)
  • You really want to make a good decision, so you ask your team for more information so that you can personally review the situation and the progress. (oreilly.com)
  • And no matter what, ultimately you have to feel good about the choices you make. (babycenter.com)
  • It is a good idea to check your advance decision and re-sign it and date it every few years, to confirm that it still reflects your wishes. (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • Consequently, their organization loses good ideas, and those people who are left out of the process resist implementing the final decision. (amanet.org)
  • For a broader discipline, see Decision theory . (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Similar themes have emerged from the literatures on scenario planning , robust control , imprecise probability , and info-gap decision theory and methods . (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiscale decision theory builds upon decision theory and multiscale mathematics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiscale decision theory can model and analyze complex decision-making networks that exhibit multiscale phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Multiscale Decision Making Laboratory at Virginia Tech directed by Dr. Christian Wernz is working at the forefront of MSDT theory and applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiscale decision theory is related to: Multiscale modeling Decision analysis Cooperative distributed problem solving Decentralized decision making Multiscale Mathematics Initiative: A Roadmap Wernz, C. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zhang, H., Wernz, C., Slonim A.D. (2015) Aligning Incentives in Health Care: A Multiscale Decision Theory Approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. Priiva Consulting www.priiva.com On Decision Making Achieving your optimal outcome through game theory. (slideshare.net)
  • 7 Building a Decision-making Action Theory (PAUL C. NUTT). (worldcat.org)
  • The importance of game theory to modern analysis and decision-making can be gauged by the fact that since 1970, as many as 12 leading economists and scientists have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for their contributions to game theory. (investopedia.com)
  • Understanding game theory strategies - both the popular ones and some of the relatively lesser-known stratagems - is important to enhance one's reasoning and decision-making skills in a complex world. (investopedia.com)
  • multi disciplinary decision making approach and group theory as well as other contents that I learned throughout this course such as importance of cultural distance and understanding personality in building an effective team. (ipl.org)
  • In the conclusion excerpted below, the authors examine the structural attributes that made these organizations successful. (fastcompany.com)
  • When we make a decision, we tend to leave our understanding unexamined, whether as individuals or as organizations. (fastcompany.com)
  • The growth in deployment of data-producing sensors on the Internet of Things, the exposure of government and commercially created data, and the explosion in volunteered information via social media and other channels have left organizations awash in varied, voluminous, and high-velocity data. (esri.com)
  • Tools are needed to convert this data richness into insight that allows organizations to make reliable forecasts. (esri.com)
  • GREEN PROCUREMENTS AND MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING IN SUPPLY CHAIN ENVIRONMENTS: A REVIEW OF NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY APPROACH Research Background Establishing the context Increasingly, individuals, organizations and governments have become very concerned about the impacts of public procurement and utilizations of goods and services on the environment in particular and society as a whole. (bartleby.com)
  • Dr. Simmons' represented the work of Massachusetts General Hospital's Shared Decision Making program, which has received funding from organizations, including the New England Research Institute, Gold Foundation, and Picker Institute. (endocrineweb.com)
  • The decision making process involves evaluating a scenario from different angles, or perspectives, in order to identify solutions that will lead to the desired outcome. (wikihow.com)
  • Write down, recite out loud, construct 3-dimensional models and/or physically reenact thoughts and ideas that come to you while envisioning alternative perspectives in order to build on those ideas and stimulate your ability to create new ones. (wikihow.com)
  • Written by leading international experts from North America, Canada and Europe, this guidebook is a tour de force of understanding decisionmaking from a variety of perspectives and contexts. (worldcat.org)
  • Then you will weight the ethical perspectives based on their relevance to your decision, and get a cumulative score for that potential option. (scu.edu)
  • Latimer, K.W., Huk, A.C. Author Correction: Superior colliculus activates new perspectives on decision-making. (nature.com)
  • highlights how to keep bias from creeping in to the decision making process. (slideshare.net)
  • A number of hypotheses relating the bias in information to the final decision have been proposed. (wikiquote.org)
  • Only the Decision Tree algorithm can use costs to bias the model build. (oracle.com)
  • View this Accounting for Investment and Managerial Decision-Making online certificate course on the GetSmarter website. (lse.ac.uk)
  • In addition, we uncovered that the 2007/08 financial crisis significantly impacted firm behaviour and realigned managerial decision-making. (repec.org)
  • In psychology , decision-making is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Studies done at the University of Colorado have shown that more complex environments correlate with higher cognitive function, which means that a decision can be influenced by the location. (wikipedia.org)
  • A series of NDM books have been published, and in 1995 the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society established a new technical group, Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, that has built on the NDM tradition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists have long-observed that cognitive function improves throughout adolescence, peaks in adulthood, and declines with age, but behavioral changes in decision-making across a lifespan have been largely unstudied. (psychcentral.com)
  • Cognitive Fluctuations as a Challenge for the Assessment of Decision-Making Capacity in Patients with Dementia. (innovations-report.com)
  • This study identifies and represents contextual, informational and inferential aspects of the cognitive work a farm manager performs in operational decision-making. (scirp.org)
  • Dean Mobbs, assistant professor of cognitive neuroscience, and Colin Camerer, the Robert Kirby Professor of Behavioral Economics and T&C Chen Center for Social and Decision Neuroscience Leadership Chair, will focus on the neural systems used in threat response. (caltech.edu)
  • A major part of decision-making involves the analysis of a finite set of alternatives described in terms of evaluative criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, medical decision-making often involves a diagnosis and the selection of appropriate treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • A complex patient care decision that involves many different patient care issues, where different healthcare providers can contribute their expertise to a decision. (medscape.com)
  • Brainstorming involves throwing out ideas, then reflecting on and building on those ideas in order to create even more ideas. (wikihow.com)
  • Forbes CommunityVoice ™ allows professional fee-based membership groups ("communities") to connect directly with the Forbes audience by enabling them to create content - and participate in the conversation - on the Forbes digital publishing platform. (forbes.com)
  • When people need to make a decision, they can quickly match the situation to the patterns they have learned and experienced in the past. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though this is a small study, it revealed the existence of important age-related patterns in decision-making," she said. (psychcentral.com)
  • If poor decision-making patterns can be identified while children are still young, intervention to improve skills can be effective. (psychcentral.com)
  • All operations of the BBDM method are performed by a proposed behavioral decision system, called BDS, which consists of three main units: decomposition, behavioral inference, and composition. (springer.com)
  • Decision making is one of the most important skills your children need to develop to become healthy and mature adults. (psychologytoday.com)
  • An important part of your research phase of the sales process is knowing your customer, who makes the final decision, and who's on the committee if there is one. (lynda.com)
  • Alright, you get that effective decision making is important. (atlassian.com)
  • In many cases, it's even more important to present the information in as clear and simple a manner as possible, so that people can make a decision based on relevant facts. (scienceblogs.com)
  • You can filter through the useful and useless information later in the decision making process, but during the brainstorming, it is important to allow a free-flow of ideas. (wikihow.com)
  • more important than others, ethical decision making is a skill that has become increasingly pivotal. (bartleby.com)
  • When it comes to complicated matters like intentionally planning the life you want in retirement, it's important to step back and put the spotlight on decision making itself. (forbes.com)
  • More than 3,000,000 copies downloaded, perhaps the most important book to read about creating ideas that spread. (typepad.com)
  • Critically think about what is the important information needed to make a decision. (wikihow.com)
  • Even the healthiest of elders showed profoundly compromised decision-making, and risk attitudes showed systematic changes across the lifespan that the authors say have important policy implications. (psychcentral.com)
  • Understanding the emotional basis for your actions is one of the most important aspects of evolving as an effective leader and decision maker. (forbes.com)
  • And having no clear definition of responsibilities, and no elections of individuals who carry out important tasks, makes it more difficult for the membership to control what goes on. (libcom.org)
  • We conclude that if appropriately designed, implemented, analysed and interpreted, DCEs offer several advantages in the health sector, the most important of which is that they provide rich data sources for economic evaluation and decision making, allowing investigation of many types of questions, some of which otherwise would be intractable analytically. (springer.com)
  • It is important to make an advance decision when you are mentally competent. (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • It's important to keep an up-to-date copy of your advance decision with your GP, or healthcare professional, your family and your solicitor. (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • It is important to set a specific time frame in which to assess how well your decision is working. (amanet.org)
  • Martin-Clouaire, R. (2017) Modelling Operational Decision-Making in Agriculture. (scirp.org)
  • But the work of behavioral economists has made it clear that it's much easier for people to make the right decision when that decision is the default choice. (scienceblogs.com)
  • It is an expert decision support system containing the learning ability to work based on humanistic behavioral reasoning. (springer.com)
  • The knowledge base is built by the system based on various behavioral styles (e.g., safe) associated to other systems and humans. (springer.com)
  • A new study suggests a display of poor decision making during primary school increases the risk of interpersonal and behavioral difficulties during adolescence. (psychcentral.com)
  • The study was recently published in the Journal of Behavioral Decision Making . (psychcentral.com)
  • They found that children who scored worse on the initial decision-making assessment were more likely to have behavioral problems two years later. (psychcentral.com)
  • Though not always done consciously, in the end they all created a mechanism that embraced more collective intelligence and understanding. (fastcompany.com)
  • Collective decision making in bacterial viruses. (nih.gov)
  • Because the model is general, it suggests that bacterial viruses can respond adaptively to changes in population dynamics, and that features of collective decision-making in viruses are evolvable life history traits. (nih.gov)
  • Recent advances in understanding collective decision-making have mostly come from studies of eusocial and gregarious insects ( 6 , 14 - 19 ). (pnas.org)
  • Decision-making is the process of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values , preferences and beliefs of the decision-maker. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then the task might be to rank these alternatives in terms of how attractive they are to the decision-maker(s) when all the criteria are considered simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)
  • They may follow a recognition primed decision that fits their experience and arrive at a course of action without weighing alternatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • 10. 5.2 Kepner-Tregoe (K-T) Decision Analysis K-T is a quantitative comparison method in which a team of experts numerically score criteria and alternatives based on individual judgments/assessments. (slideshare.net)
  • The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation, National Park Service, and Argonne National Laboratory, completed a decision analysis to use in the evaluation of alternatives in the Environmental Impact Statement concerning the long-term management of water releases from Glen Canyon Dam and associated management. (usgs.gov)
  • What are the alternatives to an advance decision? (parkinsons.org.uk)
  • A wide variety of concepts, methods, and tools have been developed to address decision challenges that confront a large degree of uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • The collaborative uncertainty decision model is constructed to determine the regional innovation system's collaborative innovation effectiveness. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, clinicians should consider using an IP-SDM model that allows for the exchange of information, deliberation, and joint attainment of a treatment decision in a structured manner. (medscape.com)
  • You make it explicit to John that he faces a decision about whether to be screened or not and that you are willing to support him as he works through the options. (cfp.ca)
  • Say, 'Thank you so much for your support, 'but I really want to be able to make and present my offering 'directly to the others. (lynda.com)
  • Shared decision making helps you and your provider choose a treatment you both support. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When library trustees are faced with the need to persuade their local government to provide more funding, or ask the voters to support the library's budget or millage, or go to the public to procure community-based funding for a building, they must make an informed decision that includes the willingness to advocate for the library. (libraryjournal.com)
  • But as with any well-run, responsible committee, once the board makes a decision, it is imperative that all its members support that decision. (libraryjournal.com)
  • It is this body that makes the difference for the community through their support of the library. (libraryjournal.com)
  • This is the first, wide-ranging book that is devoted completely to the area of intelligent decision support systems, biometrics technologies and their integrations. (google.com)
  • In short, there is consistent evidence that decision support interventions designed for patients ensure that the ethical imperative of informed patient choice and consent is met, with a range of benefits for patients. (bmj.com)
  • Decision Support Systems - A Knowledge-Based Approach (ISBN 0-314-06510-5) is the first book to emphasize this perspective . (uky.edu)
  • Decision Support Systems: A Knowledge-Based Approach is complemented by an extensive 2-volume reference work on the subject of knowledge management: the Handbook on Knowledge Management published by Springer. (uky.edu)
  • Portions of this site are extracted from Decision Support Systems - A Knowledge-Based Approach and Decision Support Systems Instructor's Manual , both copyrighted by West Publishing Company. (uky.edu)
  • We want to give students as much support as possible so that they can make an informed decision about their academic and career futures. (queensu.ca)
  • When creating new applications, developers need to ensure that enterprise-focused offerings, even ones that support backend operations, provide a user experience similar to a consumer's technology experience. (eweek.com)
  • When a decision is made, the part decided in favor is pursued, and that part decided against is not. (typepad.com)
  • Might I have some prejudice or interest that might make me favor one person over another? (scu.edu)
  • Witness the wise tough and very unpopular decision by the Air Force to restrict GSA schedule usage while the Desktop V protest was being resolved. (fcw.com)
  • It's a tough decision. (healingwell.com)
  • Don Maruska guides Fortune 500 companies, growth businesses, government agencies and communities to solve tough issues through a unique process of decision making. (amanet.org)
  • According to Lehrer, the contrast between the two candidates makes the 2008 election not just an assessment of who's right on the issues, but "a referendum on the best mode of thinking. (utne.com)
  • Medical decision-making capacity: knowledge, attitudes, and assessment practices of physicians in Switzerland. (innovations-report.com)
  • This relationship between our emotions and decision making was the subject of scientific study by well-known American-Portuguese neuroscientist Dr. Antonio Damasio. (forbes.com)
  • In his study, Dr. Damasio was able to show that our emotions and decision making ability are organically linked. (forbes.com)
  • This approach makes us confident of graduate standards that are appropriate to each type of study and award. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Add up your scores to determine your group's approach to decision making. (amanet.org)
  • PEPFAR survey data inform HIV program planning and target setting and are used to make rapid improvements to programs in real-time. (cdc.gov)
  • In case a decision is very time critical, the people asking the followup question can ask it in the ticket right away. (fedoraproject.org)
  • You're making decision after decision all the time, and it can really start to wear on you. (atlassian.com)
  • According to historian Jon Meacham's account in "Songs of America ," Ike asked, "Mr. President, before you approved this [plan for the invasion], did you have everybody in front of you debating the thing so you got the pros and cons yourself and then made the decision, or did you see these people one at time. (smartbrief.com)
  • Be available to listen to further suggestions, but hold fast to the decision to give it time to take effect. (smartbrief.com)
  • With data spread across dozens of departments, schools and campuses, universities have been dealing with the problem of disjointed information and difficult decision making for a long time. (sas.com)
  • Take some time to gather the information, rather than basing your decision on too-little information. (wikihow.com)
  • G1 provides the time in which the cell is responsive to extrinsic signals that influence the decision to either withdraw from the cell cycle into the quiescent G0 phase, or to pass the restriction point (R) and become committed to a further round of cell division. (nih.gov)
  • Volume 2, Individual Decision Making, considers how people make choices, including choices between complex options, and choices involving risk and time. (sagepub.com)
  • I am deeply grateful to all those in Malawi who helped make this possible, and I ask the media please to respect our privacy during this transitional time. (okmagazine.com)
  • However, you also need to make sure you also take time out for yourself so you can provide the best level of service. (scoop.co.nz)
  • He did not want to give us his opinion at that time because he wanted us to decide what treatment we felt was best for us before he had a chance to influence our decision. (healingwell.com)
  • At the time, the new policy was made by "political appointees at HHS," including Maggie Wynne, an HHS counselor, and Scott Lloyd, who was then on the HHS transition team, according to the deposition of Jonathan White, deputy director of ORR. (politico.com)
  • Scholars of entrepreneurship and organizational behavior will find this collection an essential resource for understanding how decision making is achieved in entrepreneurial settings. (e-elgar.com)
  • Shared Decision Making is the process whereby health professionals and patients collaborate on medical decision-making with a more structured process that takes into account both the best evidence and patient values. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • There are many biases that account for bad decision-making. (sparknotes.com)
  • Tier 1 Chairholder of the Canada Research Chair in Shared Decision Making and Knowledge Translation and Full Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine at Laval University in Quebec city, Que. (cfp.ca)
  • Research about decision-making is also published under the label problem solving , in particular in European psychological research . (wikipedia.org)
  • Talk with the involved parties or research what additional information you may need to make an informed decision. (wikihow.com)
  • Starting from the research of factors that influence the reliability of city distribution system, further construction of city distribution system reliability influence model is built based on Bayesian networks. (hindawi.com)
  • This research underscores that decision-making is a skill and it can be taught," he said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Before a vaccine is ever given to people, FDA oversees extensive lab testing of the vaccine that can take several years to make sure it is safe and effective. (cdc.gov)
  • When the Board makes a decision requiring followup in a meeting one person must volunteer to identify the list of people, mailing lists, and tickets that need a followup and then take care of sending the information to those places. (fedoraproject.org)
  • The people to be followed up with needs to include groups and leaders in Fedora who have been active in the discussion so far and anyone who would be needed to implement the decision. (fedoraproject.org)
  • If the Board owner is unavailable, the people doing work that requires a followup decision answered can open a new ticket in the Board trac asking that a certain course of action to implement the prior decision be approved. (fedoraproject.org)
  • If conflicts arise between the person driving the change and other people about a followup decision (not the original decision), the followup decision can be taken to the Board. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Does Living in California Make People Happy? (sagepub.com)
  • Sometimes people have the idea that setting up elected positions with defined responsibilities is a "hierarchy," as if any delegation of responsibility creates a boss. (libcom.org)
  • It is possible to elect people to perform delegated tasks without creating a top-down organisation. (libcom.org)
  • Most people can benefit from decision-making training. (psychcentral.com)
  • The representativeness heuristic can also make people susceptible to the gambler's fallacy. (sparknotes.com)
  • Recalling a few dramatic TV reports of plane crashes could make people overestimate the likelihood of a plane crash. (sparknotes.com)
  • This is a process that I believe many people do when faced with any type of decision - whether big or small. (ipl.org)
  • Many groups make a big mistake from the start of problem solving: they leave out people who have knowledge about or a stake in the results. (amanet.org)
  • It is possible to build a formal organisation that is directly controlled by its membership. (libcom.org)
  • Formal decision-analytic methods can be used to frame disease control problems, the first step of which is to define a clear and specific objective. (usgs.gov)
  • The basis of this technique is that humans are more capable of making relative judgments than absolute judgments. (slideshare.net)
  • This article is about decision making as analyzed in psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past five years, the Caltech Conte Center has uncovered the foundations of decision-making, allowing us to understand basic choices," says Ralph Adolphs (PhD '92), Bren Professor of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Biology and director of the Conte Center. (caltech.edu)
  • Making a choice requires that you rely on your critical thinking skills because you need to collect and analyze information in order to decide which way to go. (atlassian.com)
  • Focus on the quality of the decision process, rather than the outcome. (psychcentral.com)
  • Subject: Human Resources, Task2, Ethical decision making This is to bring to your kind notice that recently we have received a report from the quality assurance department regarding the toy collection which has been recently been made for elementary schools for our South American client. (bartleby.com)
  • Ethical Decision-Making The first step in the CPA (2000) ethical decision-making model is identification of the individuals and groups potentially affected by the decision. (bartleby.com)
  • In the ethical scenario I presented earlier, the individuals directly involved and likely to be most affected by the decision include the 54-year old woman and myself as the counsellor. (bartleby.com)
  • Ethical- Decision Making University of the Rockies Mabel Drafton Abstract Countertransference is how therapists distort the way they perceive and react to a client (Corey, Corey, and Callanan, 2011). (bartleby.com)
  • Jones states that a 'moral issue is present where a person's action, when freely performed, may harm or benefit others' and defines 'an ethical decision is a decision that is both legally and morally acceptable to the larger community' (1991, p. 387). (bartleby.com)
  • Also, it includes critical and ethical decision-making process so as to address various ethical dilemmas experienced by employees while undertaking their respective assigned duties within the company. (bartleby.com)
  • The next step on from the new study, he says, is to try to assess the actual mental costs that are embedded in the process of decision-making. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • About 100 children, ages 10 and 11, participated in the original study, where they answered questions that helped assess their decision-making skills. (psychcentral.com)
  • Effective decision making is predicated on the leader using a repeatable process. (uwm.edu)
  • The capability for an organization to perform in this way is invested in, built, and earned, rather than resulting from luck or a little bit of tinkering here or there. (fastcompany.com)
  • Every decision need not be debated -- only those that have a significant impact on the organization. (smartbrief.com)
  • Additionally, leaders need to push decision-making to all levels of the organization. (smartbrief.com)
  • This paper, Best Practices for Modernizing Enterprise Decision Making , summarizes what they learned - things that are applicable to any organization. (sas.com)
  • Also the packaging is quite cute making it an ideal gift for someone who is interested in pantry organization. (amazon.com)
  • 2. We expressly state our hopes for the organization and specific hopes for each major project or decision. (amanet.org)
  • Uncertain decision exists in various kinds of human behaviors, especially in coping with complex problems. (hindawi.com)
  • Over the course of eight weeks, you'll explore the building blocks of financial reporting, gain an ability to interpret income statements and balance sheets, and discover how to clearly communicate the results to business stakeholders. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Any team member can ask for the deadline to be extended or the decision escalated to require full consensus. (fedoraproject.org)
  • For example, proposing new event guidelines for events, changing the decision-making process, and voting on Outreachy budget allocation requires full consensus. (fedoraproject.org)
  • Consensus" has had a certain popularity as a decision-making method among social change groups since the '60s, especially within the anti-nuclear movement but also in anarchist and radical feminist circles. (libcom.org)
  • As a result, they make a "consensus decision" to shelter together under one of two identical shelters ( 15 ). (pnas.org)
  • Noting that the "best-interest standard" has long predominated, the report noted that consensus today rests on a more nuanced view of medical decision-making for minors. (ama-assn.org)
  • WORKPLACE DECISION MAKING- MY REFLECTION 'S Dealing with ambiguity comes naturally to us humans, and it starts with learning our first language as an infant. (ipl.org)
  • Second, by forcing humans to take themselves 'out of the loop' for decision-making by out-performing them in an increasing number of domains. (rusi.org)
  • Understand the impact of every decision and discover new opportunities to drive your business forward. (netvibes.com)
  • features decision-making strategy by three renowned business executives. (slideshare.net)
  • It's common knowledge but bears repeating: Technology should never lead the decision-making process for DAM demands - business needs must set the foundation for strategy. (cmswire.com)
  • The conceptual model is then used to predict firm performance based on factors such as: decision rules developed by the management groups, the business climate features, the complexity of the implementation process. (repec.org)
  • Social Responsibility refers to operating a business in a manner that accounts for the social and environmental impact created by the business. (bartleby.com)
  • Such a process will enable the leader to avoid the hidden traps of decision making, determine the appropriate person to make the decision and arrive at a business decision that implements the company strategies. (uwm.edu)
  • Whether your aim is to provide situational intelligence to military units, as NGA does, or to conduct disaster preparedness for your business and supply chain, objective analysis of all available data is key to effective decision-making. (esri.com)
  • The decision to implement a Digital Asset Management system is a vital step to gaining operational and intellectual control of digital assets. (cmswire.com)
  • Another characteristic of operational decision-making is that much of the knowledge invoked is tacit and internal in the farmer's mind. (scirp.org)
  • All ingredients of vaccines play necessary roles either in making the vaccine, triggering the body to develop immunity, or in ensuring that the final product is safe and effective. (cdc.gov)
  • Trustees can build effective community partnerships for the library starting with the library's Friends group. (libraryjournal.com)
  • This study shows that effective and accurate information transfer in groups may be gained only through nonlinear responses of group members to each other, thus highlighting the importance of quorum decision-making. (pnas.org)
  • The effective decision making is an iterative learning process acquired by relying on experiences from our own past reflexes and also learning from those of others. (ipl.org)
  • Allowing participants to choose an option to advocate and then defend leads to ego attachment to an idea and kills effective team decision making in the end. (amanet.org)