Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Symbolism: A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Natural Language Processing: Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.Psycholinguistics: A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.Unified Medical Language System: A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.Programming Languages: Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Logic: The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine: Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Subject Headings: Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Language Arts: Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Anomia: A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Aphasia: A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.Database Management Systems: Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.ReadingInformation Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Data Mining: Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Databases as Topic: Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
"Initial algebra semantics". In Proceedings,Fifteenth Symposium on Switching and Automata Theory, pages 63{77. IEEE,1974. Goguen ... Goguen's work was one of the earliest approaches to the algebraic characterization of abstract data types and he originated and ... "An initial algebra approach to the specification, correctness and implementation of abstract data types". In Raymond Yeh, ... Goguen, Joseph A., "Algebraic Semantics of Imperative Programs" ISBN 978-0262071727 MIT Press 1996 Goguen, Joseph A., Malcolm, ...
"Semantic Querying of Relational Data for Clinical Intelligence: A Semantic Web Services-Based Approach". J Biomed Semantics. 4 ... SADI has been used in a number of Bioinformatics data integration case studies and for semantic querying of relational data in ... As such, SADI services become the source of new Linked Data relating the input and output of a service, and chains of SADI ... Invocation of SADI Services is achieved through HTTP POST of RDF data representing OWL Individuals ('instances') of the defined ...
"API-centric Linked Data integration: The Open PHACTS Discovery Platform case study". Web Semantics: Science, Services and ... Goble, C.; Stevens, R.; Hull, D.; Wolstencroft, K.; Lopez, R. (2008). "Data curation + process curation=data integration + ... Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web. 4 (2): 102-115. doi:10.1016/j.websem.2006.03.001. Wroe, C. J ... Journal of Biomedical Semantics. 4 (1): 37. doi:10.1186/2041-1480-4-37. PMID 24267948. Sansone, S. A.; Rocca-Serra, P.; Field, ...
Let the Data Do the Talking". Journal of Literary Semantics. 30 (3): 199-202. doi:10.1515/jlse.2001.010. ISSN 0341-7638. ... Semiotic Insights: The Data Do the Talking. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 2008. The Phonology/Paraphonology Interface ...
Journal on Data Semantics. Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol. 2800, Springer, 2003. M. Kifer, G. Yang, H. Wan, C. Zhao ( ... Second International Conference on Ontologies, Databases and Applications of Semantics (ODBASE), Catania, Sicily, Italy, ...
Mathematical Structures for Semantics. Retrieved 2007-10-13. D. S. Scott (1975). "Data types as lattices". Proceedings of the ... Scott domain Denotational semantics Scott information system Type theory Category theory G. Gierz; K. H. Hofmann; K. Keimel; J ... The field has major applications in computer science, where it is used to specify denotational semantics, especially for ... Carl A. Gunter (1992). Semantics of Programming Languages. MIT Press. B. A. Davey; H. A. Priestley (2002). Introduction to ...
A resource for reproducibility in biomedical data analysis, curation and digital preservation". Journal of Biomedical Semantics ... Journal of biomedical semantics. 3 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1): S3. doi:10.1186/2041-1480-3-S1-S3. PMC 3337258 . PMID 22541594. Kalankesh ... Stevens is currently on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomedical Semantics. Stevens started as a lecturer, then became ...
"Introducing glycomics data into the Semantic Web". Journal of Biomedical Semantics. 4: ID 39. doi:10.1186/2041-1480-4-39. PMID ... 3000 records). The data are selected and added to CSDB manually by browsing original scientific publications. The data ... CSDB stores structural and spectral data on natural carbohydrates and carbohydrate-related molecules. The main data stored in ... Apart from structural data, CSDB also stores NMR spectra, information on methods used to decipher a particular structure, and ...
These include: Operational semantics Laws for Actor systems Denotational semantics Transition semantics There are also ... Data flow Gordon Pask Input/output automaton Scientific community metaphor Carl Hewitt; Peter Bishop; Richard Steiger (1973). " ... Actor Semantics of PLANNER-73 Conference Record of ACM Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages. January 1975. Carl ... Open Information Systems Semantics Journal of Artificial Intelligence. January 1991. Carl Hewitt and Jeff Inman. DAI Betwixt ...
Data. 61: 137-152. doi:10.1016/j.datak.2006.05.003. SET @t1Id = (SELECT id FROM term WHERE acc='GO:0008387'), @t2Id = (SELECT ... Journal of Biomedical Semantics. 2: 5. doi:10.1186/2041-1480-2-5. SET @t1Id = (SELECT id FROM term WHERE acc='GO:0008387'), @ ... DiShIn can be implemented as a single SQL query described in the authors's publication in the Journal of Biomedical Semantics. ... Journal of Biomedical Semantics. 2 (1). doi:10.1186/2041-1480-2-5. ISSN 2041-1480. PMC 3200982 . PMID 21884591. Harispe, ...
Knowledge and Data Engineering. 19 (3): 370-383. doi:10.1109/TKDE.2007.48. Dumais, S (2003). "Data-driven approaches to ... This allows for a direct visual comparison of the semantics of two items by comparing image representations of their respective ... which use the edges and their types as the data source; Node-based: in which the main data sources are the nodes and their ... Wong, W., Liu, W. & Bennamoun, M. (2008) Featureless Data Clustering. In: M. Song and Y. Wu; Handbook of Research on Text and ...
Data Semantics III. pp.50-80 Suhm, B., Myers, B. and Waibel, A. (1999). "Model-based and empirical evaluation of multimodal ... Sun, Y.; Chen, F.; Shi, Y.D.; Chung, V. (2006). "A novel method for multi-sensory data fusion in multimodal human computer ... A multimodal interface provides several distinct tools for input and output of data. For example, a multimodal question ... In Proceedings of the NATO-ASI conference on Data Fusion for Situation Monitoring, Incident Detection, Alert and Response ...
Allowing different semantics for rules. Ontology (computer science) Business rules Business rules approach RuleML Semantic Web ... The ontological distinction between objects and data values; The datatype concepts of RDF and user-defined datatypes; Actions ( ...
However, std::vector<> provides the semantics of dynamic arrays. Thus, it manages data to be able to change the number of ... One big problem is that iterators often deal with heap allocated data in the C++ containers and becomes invalid if the data is ... It claims to represent the factor by which you will be punished by your compiler if you attempt to use C++ data abstraction ... That means that the simple act of inserting an element into a vector or string may also require updating other data structures ...
Semantics of data base systems. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge (1973) Hawryszkiewycz, Igor Titus ... "Semantics of data base systems." developed within the Project MAC. Hawryszkiewycz started his academic career as lecturer in ...
The Sierpiński space has important relations to the theory of computation and semantics, because it is the classifying space ... Escardó, Martín (2004). Synthetic topology of data types and classical spaces. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science ... Alex Simpson: Mathematical Structures for Semantics. Chapter III: Topological Spaces from a Computational Perspective. The " ...
Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases. With Klaus-Dieter Schewe (eds.), Third International Workshop, SDKB 2008, Nantes, France ... Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases. With Klaus-Dieter Schewe (eds.), 4th International Workshops, SDKB 2010, Bordeaux, ... Semantics in Databases. With Leopoldo E. Bertossi, Gyula O. H. Katona, and Klaus-Dieter Schewe (eds.), Second International ... His ideas about conceptual modeling foundations and theory have been applied in field as: Semantics in databases for ...
Givón (1983): publication data. LINGUIST List announcement, 24 March 2009. Hopper, Paul J. (editor). Tense-Aspect: between ... Semantics and Pragmatics; containing the contributions to a symposium on tense and aspect, held at UCLA, May 1979. TSL 1. 1982 ...
Allen Renear; David Dubin; C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (2002). Towards a semantics for XML markup. ACM Symposium on Document ... C. M. Sperberg-McQueen; Claus Huitfeldt (2000). GODDAG: A Data Structure for Overlapping Hierarchies. 8th International ...
A triple is a data entity composed of subject-predicate-object, like "Bob is 35" or "Bob knows Fred". Much like a relational ... "Semantics + Search : MarkLogic 7 Gets RDF". Retrieved 7 August 2015. Broekstra, Jeen (19 September 2007). "The importance of ... The predicate is also a literal, the MLR data element specification identifier. Finally, the object can be a literal or a ... US 2003145022, "Storage and Management of Semi-structured Data" : use of SQL relational databases as an RDF triple store. Cagle ...
Rules restrict data, Semantics describe the concepts and terms used in processes etc., therefore The aim of CogNIAM is to ... data, rules, processes and semantics. To represent these dimensions world standards SBVR, BPMN and DMN from the Object ... In terms of data quality, integrity rules are used to guarantee the quality of the facts. Derivation rules are used to derive ... A large part of the semantics dimension can be found here. Fact types provide the functionality to define which kinds of facts ...
The theory of CSP includes mutually consistent denotational semantics, algebraic semantics, and operational semantics. The ... Creese, S. (2001). "Data Independent Induction: CSP Model Checking of Arbitrary Sized Networks". D. Phil. Oxford University. ... The semantics of a process in the failures/divergences model is a pair ( f a i l u r e s ⊥ ( P ) , d i v e r g e n c e s ( P ... It had a substantially different syntax than later versions of CSP, did not possess mathematically defined semantics, and was ...
"Continuous Semantics to Analyze Real-Time Data". Retrieved 2012-09-04. "Doozer". Knoesis.org. 2001-05-17. Archived from the ... He also led efforts in other forms/modality of data, including social and sensor data. He coined the term Semantic Sensor Web ... Then the data extraction agents which supported diverse content either pulled (crawled) or pushed (e.g., syndicated news in ... He is the Lexis Nexis Ohio Eminent Scholar for Advanced Data Management and Analysis. Up to June 2017, Sheth's work has been ...
"TraitBank: Practical semantics for organism attribute data". Semantic-web-journal.net. 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2015-11-21. " ... Gathering currently available data on all 1.9 million species will take about 10 years. As of September 2011[update], EOL had ...
It is also the storage component for the TwitLogic project that is bringing the Semantic Web to Twitter data. AllegroGraph was ... "Adding Semantics to Detectors for Video Retrieval". IEEE Transactions on Multimedia. 9 (5): 975-986. doi:10.1109/TMM. ... SPARQL is a standard query language for linked data, serving the same purposes for RDF databases that SQL serves for relational ... AllegroGraph is a closed source triplestore which is designed to store RDF triples, a standard format for Linked Data. ...
Formal semantics[edit]. The formal semantics of the central notion of an abductive explanation in ALP can be defined in the ... Any of the different semantics of logic programming such as the completion, stable or well-founded semantics can (and have been ... Kakas, A.C.; Mancarella, P. (1990). "Generalised Stable Models: A Semantics for Abduction". In Aiello, L.C. (ed.). ECAI 90: ... This definition leaves open the choice of the underlying semantics of logic programming through which we give the exact meaning ...
SEMANTICS. 3 units.. The method of linguistics in the study of meaning. Linguistic meaning of words and grammatical ... Eliciting of language data from an informant and its analysis. Prereq: Ling. 206. ... semantics,syntax etc.). At pwede ba magtake ng course diyan khit hindi taga UP? At ano ang mga requirements para ma take ung ...
... to be one of the most effective ways of managing enterprise data while still allowing latitude for application-oriented data ... Semantic enterprise data management is not a panacea, but overall, if youre willing to put the effort into growing these ... Most data is NOT big data. Most data is small data put together in various permutations, and it is the complexity of those ... Big Data is only Small Data Mixed Together. You can open up a transactional database, denormalize it, extract the data through ...
... issues related to data semantics (familiar to database modelers since the 1970s) have again become of paramount importance. As ... With the Web serving as a huge worldwide data repository, ... Semantics in data mining and knowledge extraction. *Semantics ... With the Web serving as a huge worldwide data repository, issues related to data semantics (familiar to database modelers since ... With the Web serving as a huge worldwide data repository, issues related to data semantics (familiar to database modelers since ...
Preserving Data Semantics in Web-based Applications accepted at the BIS 2009 http://bis.kie.ae.poznan.pl/12th… ... STAR:chart - Preserving Data Semantics in Web-based Applications * 1. STAR:chart - Preserving Data Semantics in Web-based ... learn all data details… 4 STAR:chart - Preserving Data Semantics in Web-based Applications Poznan, April 27th 2009 - © CEFRIEL ... Data knowledge Mmmh… I think the Web design doesnt reflect the meaning of my data. Can you make my data Sigh… I made my best ...
... Lead Guest Editor: Zhe He. Guest Editors: Cui Tao, Jiang Bian, ... Semantics-Powered Healthcare Engineering and Data Analytics, Zhe He, Cui Tao, Jiang Bian, Michel Dumontier, and William R. ... A SOA-Based Platform to Support Clinical Data Sharing, R. Gazzarata, B. Giannini, and M. Giacomini Research Article (24 pages ... Graph-Based Semantic Web Service Composition for Healthcare Data Integration, Ngamnij Arch-int, Somjit Arch-int, Suphachoke ...
... The Inforbix approach assumes that the engineer does not know what is needed. Most engineers ... "However, the data and information are scattered between networks, files, applications and other sources. One of the most ... Inforbix is pushing semantics, context and relationships into a content space that often must resort to inefficient, error- ... Our users want to consume product data as a whole, when it comes to decision-making." ...
Cambridge Semantics, the leading provider of automated Big Data Management and exploratory analytics ... About Cambridge Semantics Cambridge Semantics Inc., The Smart Data Company®, is an enterprise analytics and data management ... president of Cambridge Semantics. "This is a testament to how customers are using Anzo Smart Data Lake to move and manage data ... Cambridge Semantics Anzo Smart Data Lake provides users a highly customizable and fully integrated semantic platform to work ...
Adding Semantics to a data lake can transform and integrate unstructured and structured data and query it in real-time, ... Semantic Data Lake Attributes:. *Data linking and integration for internal and external data sources to bring all the data ... Adding Semantics to a data lake can easily transform and integrate unstructured and structured data and query it in real-time, ... In order to get value out of data lakes, particularly when complex data is involved, organizations need:. *Semantics for ...
Selection from NoSQL and SQL Data Modeling: Bringing Together Data, Semantics, and Software [Book] ... In this era of big data and the Internet of Things, it is essential ... - ... How do we design for data when traditional design techniques cannot extend to new database technologies? ... NoSQL and SQL Data Modeling: Bringing Together Data, Semantics, and Software. 3 reviews ...
Personally I think semantics are essential to data. Soon we will be drowning in data. Big data technology can help us with this ... Not only in relation to linked open data and geo data specifically, but in general for any data, including geo data. Focus on ... The use of semantics on the web, e.g. adding semantics to geoservices for better discovery, or better understanding of the data ... Linking data, on the other hand, using Linked Data principles, and using RDF for a canonical encoding of semantics, can be used ...
Buy Journal on Data Semantics V by Stefano Spaccapietra, Paolo Atzeni from Waterstones today! Click and Collect from your local ... Journal on Data Semantics V - Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3870 (Paperback). Stefano Spaccapietra (editor), Paolo Atzeni ( ... The LNCS Journal on Data Semantics is devoted to the presentation of notable work that addresses research and development on ... issues related to data semantics. Based on the highly visible publication platform Lecture Notes in Computer Science, this new ...
Interfaces, Classes, Abstract Data Types, syntax and semantics Posted by John Caron on 24 Nov 1998, 4:53 PM. I think of ... In the current state of the art (eg Java) all we have is "syntactic" data typing (matching method name and parameters). ... Semantic data typing will eventually be moderately successful in very narrow application domains, but will never be able to do ... interfaces as a "pure" specification of an abstract data type (ADT). The public members of a class also define an ADT. The ...
Data and personal content exists in many different silos across the Internet, amd getting them all into a single interface and ... Data and personal content exists in many different silos across the Internet, amd getting them all into a single interface and ... software vendor Open-Xchange with an approach that uses semantic microformats as a mechanism for sharing and publishing data in ...
This is the last LNCS transactions volume of the Journal on Data Semantics; the next issue will appear as a regular Springer ... addresses research and development on issues related to data semantics. The scope of the journal ranges from theories ... data warehousing, knowledge representation and reasoning, conceptual database modeling, ontologies, and artificial intelligence ... The LNCS Journal on Data Semantics is devoted to the presentation of notable work that, in one way or another, ...
We then give a uniform initial/terminal semantics of parameterized data type specifications. ... A generalization of our terminal algebra semantics approach is presented. ... "A Natural Data Type With a Finite Equational Final Semantics Specification but no Effective Equational Initial Semantics ... G. Hornung - P. Raulefs, "Terminal Algebra Semantics and Retractions for Abstract Data Types", Memo SEKI-BN-79-06, Institut füt ...
... Hixies proposal for microdata, a simplified RDFa to be ... spec which allows self-contained communities to invent their own microformat-style spec and use it to add structured semantics ...
Filter on sorted data , If the data is sorted by a key, filters on the key could stop as soon as the , data is out of range. ... jira] [Updated] (SPARK-17254) Filter operator should have "stop if false" semantics for sorted data Liang-Chi Hsieh (JIRA) Thu ... This can be done adding a Filter , operator that has "stop if false" semantics. This is generally useful. -- This message was ... semantics for sorted data , --------------------------------------------------------------------- , , Key: SPARK-17254 , URL: ...
Generate Journal on Data Semantics citations for Interviews. Method. Personal interview (by you) Other ...
... The Anzo Smart Data Lake™ enables organizations to ... The Smart Data Lake, based on semantic standards, allows for data models to easily capture and deliver the meaning of data with ... Global 2000 organizations are turning to the Smart Data Lake to gain a complete new view of their data to generate new business ... Cambridge Semantics, Inc.. 141 Tremont Street. Boston, MA 02111. PH: (617) 245-0517. E-mail: [email protected] Web: ...
Keywords: data quality, data semantics, corporate householding, COntext INterchange, knowledge management. Show full item ... Improving Data Quality Through Effective Use of Data Semantics. Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community. ... "data misinterpretation" problems - that is, problems with data semantics. In this paper, we first illustrate some examples of ... Data quality issues have taken on increasing importance in recent years. In our research, we have discovered that many "data ...
... Description: A vast amount of information is encoded in tables on ... link the data values to existing entities in the linked data cloud (or map them as values of a property wherever appropriate) ... The interpreted semantics will be represented as linked RDF assertions which can be used for further reasoning. Presented at ... In this work, we present a framework for understanding and interpreting the "semantics" of tables. The meaning of the table is ...
... Tweet. Speaker: Varish Mulwad ... In this research we present techniques to generate high quality linked data from tables by jointly inferring the semantics of ... augmented with background knowledge from open data sources such as the Linked Open Data cloud. We represent a tables meaning ... linking cell values to literal constants or entities in the linked data cloud (existing or new) and discovering or and ...
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Semantics,Anzo,Smart,Data,Lake,Named,a,Trend-Setting,Product,in,2017,biological,advanced biology technology,biology ... Boston Massachusetts (PRWEB) September 14 2017 Cambridge Semantics the,Cambridge, ... About Cambridge Semantics Cambridge Semantics Inc., The Smart Data Company®, is an enterprise analytics and data management ... Cambridge Semantics Named to List of 20 Fastest-Growing Big Data Companies of 2016. 10. Cambridge Semantics Named to KMWorlds ...
  • it puts in relation definition the data ontology with the STAR:dust ontology The widgets are the software components that widgets implement the presentation and interaction patterns defined in the STAR:dust ontology Web appl. (slideshare.net)
  • This summit is aimed at bringing the informal linked data and formal ontology worlds closer together in the geospatial standards development process. (opengeospatial.org)
  • Specific goals of the summit are to advance 1) formal ontology practice for defining geospatial standards, and 2) standard ontologies / geosemantic tools needed to advance linked data. (opengeospatial.org)
  • Using this evidence, augmented with a background knowledge base such as the Linked Open Data cloud, our framework will map every column header to a class from an appropriate ontology, link the data values to existing entities in the linked data cloud (or map them as values of a property wherever appropriate) and discover and identify relations between various columns. (umbc.edu)
  • We represent a table's meaning by mapping columns to classes from an appropriate ontology, linking cell values to literal constants or entities in the linked data cloud (existing or new) and discovering or and identifying relations between columns. (umbc.edu)
  • The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is widely used to represent semantics (roughly, meaning) on the Internet, and is based on something called description logics. (tdan.com)
  • Guarino suggests that common conceptual schemas in data warehousing applications can be created to map heterogeneous conceptual schemas to a common top-level ontology. (psu.edu)
  • This can be achieved either by extracting value out of these data (e.g., through reasoning), creating sustainable ontology models , offering a solid foundation for deploying learning techniques or anything in between. (fao.org)
  • A key question for harvesting semantics from these systems is how to extend and adapt traditional notions of similarity to folksonomies, and which measures are best suited for applications such as navigation support, semantic search, and ontology learning. (eprints.org)
  • They then describe the content of ontological semantics, discussing text-meaning representation, static knowledge sources (including the ontology, the fact repository, and the lexicon), the processes involved in text analysis, and the acquisition of static knowledge. (mit.edu)
  • Developed by a team of experts bridging relevant areas related to the subject (LULC studies, ontology, semantic uncertainty, information science, and earth observation), this book encourages effective and critical uses of LULC data and considers practical contexts where LULC semantics can play a vital role. (routledge.com)
  • In this paper, we propose a way to link the formal representation of semantics (i.e., ontologies) to conceptual schemas describing information stored in databases. (psu.edu)
  • One of the main objectives of the workshop is to bridge the existing gap between distributional semantics and research areas which can strongly benefit from distributional (i.e., bottom-up) models of meaning that would complement the traditional top-down approaches to semantics (e.g., ontologies or database schemata). (nettime.org)
  • It's a bit sad, but the Data Management Book of Knowledge, with 588 large dense pages, devotes one paragraph to Graph Databases and makes three passing references to ontologies. (tdan.com)
  • The Grand Challenge of the Semantic Web is one that needs not only the information structure of ontologies, metadata, and data, but also the computational infrastructure of Web Services, P2P and Grid distributed computing and workflows. (indigo.ca)
  • Using semantics and ontologies can be highly helpful in developing such methodologies, as they provide the required classifications and mined information. (ccsenet.org)
  • Our mission is to investigate the need for semantics and geo-ontologies in 52°North, as well as to provide a Semantic Enablement Layer (SEL) and Linked Data infrastructure for the services developed by other 52°North communities. (52north.org)
  • Semantics in data visualization Semantic services for mobile users Supporting tools Applications of semantic-driven approaches These topics are to be understood as specifically related to semantic issues. (abebooks.com)
  • Semantics-Aware Advanced OLAP Visualization of Multidimensional Data Cubes. (igi-global.com)
  • Efficiently supporting advanced OLAP visualization of multidimensional data cubes is a novel and challenging research topic, which results to be of interest for a large family of data warehouse applications relying on the management of spatio-temporal (e.g., mobile) data, scientific and statistical data, sensor network data, biological data, etc. (igi-global.com)
  • Inspired from these considerations, in this article we propose an innovative advanced OLAP visualization technique that meaningfully combines (i) the so-called OLAP dimension flattening process, which allows us to extract two-dimensional OLAP views from multidimensional data cubes, and (ii) very efficient data compression techniques for such views, which allow us to generate "semantics-aware" compressed representations where data are grouped along OLAP hierarchies. (igi-global.com)
  • Semantics for an Integrative and Immersive Pipeline Combining Visualization and Analysis of Molecular Data. (medworm.com)
  • The heterogeneity of the data itself and the diverse interests of the users addressing it demand the integration of structural and semantic information about data aggregated from multiple sources into a single model and unified visualization. (eg.org)
  • It also includes use cases from applicable semantics in searches, LULC classification, spatial analysis and visualization, issues of Big Data, knowledge infrastructures and their organization, and integration of bottom-up and top-down approaches to collaboration frameworks and interdisciplinary challenges such as EarthCube. (routledge.com)
  • Put another way, interesting enterprise data is more often than not what would actually be dubbed metadata . (forbes.com)
  • Over the years in the process of working with enterprise data systems, one thing that seems to be striking is the extent to which critical metadata exists primarily on spreadsheets, rather than within relational databases. (forbes.com)
  • I definitely reckon first approach would be better - then the data can be easily downloaded if required and you can add some RDF metadata about that file if you want to. (w3.org)
  • This document defines the semantics of HTTP/1.1 messages, as expressed by request methods, request header fields, response status codes, and response header fields, along with the payload of messages (metadata and body content) and mechanisms for content negotiation. (ietf.org)
  • The ExpressionSet class is designed to contain data from a microarray gene expression experiment, including expression values, sample and feature metadata, and information about experimental methods and conditions. (mathworks.com)
  • The ExpressionSet class includes properties and methods that let you access, retrieve, and change data, metadata, and other information about the microarray gene expression experiment. (mathworks.com)
  • To the extent possible, determine what data-stores currently exist, how difficult such systems would be to integrate with at various levels, and identify the schemas that each database exposes (either directly or via service interfaces). (forbes.com)
  • In this era of big data and the Internet of Things, it is essential that we have the tools we need to understand the data coming to us faster than ever before, and to design databases and data processing systems that can adapt easily to ever-changing data schemas and ever-changing business requirements. (oreilly.com)
  • Existing semantic models usually describe the objects and the relationships in an application-oriented way, which is unsuitable to reuse the schemas during the semantics evolution. (illinois.edu)
  • Distributional semantics is a research area that develops and studies theories and methods for quantifying and categorizing semantic similarities between linguistic items based on their distributional properties in large samples of language data. (wikipedia.org)
  • The basic idea of distributional semantics can be summed up in the so-called Distributional hypothesis: linguistic items with similar distributions have similar meanings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Simpler non-compositional models fail to capture the semantics of larger linguistic units as they ignore grammatical structure and logical words, which are crucial for their understanding. (wikipedia.org)
  • In situation semantics, linguistic expressions are evaluated with respect to partial, rather than complete, worlds. (stanford.edu)
  • Many data sources share the same semantics but have different syntax, or format to describe the same concepts. (wikipedia.org)
  • This module aims to support independent research in formal generative syntax and semantics by encouraging discussion with staff and peers engaged in related research. (york.ac.uk)
  • The module will run seminar-style, with a focus on grammatical phenomena which have received analyses in terms of both syntax and semantics. (york.ac.uk)
  • Any of the further references suggested in Adger (2003) for syntax and Heim & Kratzer (1998) for semantics are potentially relevant. (york.ac.uk)
  • The abstract syntax of the specification level Collaboration and its elements in UML 1.3 is basically OK, but the instance level collaboration needs to be added and linked to the specification level to complete the semantics definition. (uio.no)
  • Not only in relation to linked open data and geo data specifically, but in general for any data, including geo data. (opengeospatial.org)
  • Abstract argumentation semantics provide a direct relation from an argumentation framework to corresponding sets of acceptable arguments, or equivalently to labeling functions. (nii.ac.jp)
  • We identify different orders of granularity between update relations with the same reachable fixpoints, and provide a formal definition of the most granular update relation for a given direct semantics. (nii.ac.jp)
  • We focus also on a particular case where the combination of two update relations for different direct semantics leads to an update relation for a third direct semantics. (nii.ac.jp)
  • What does quality control / quality assurance mean in relation to the use of semantic data? (semantics.cc)
  • Motivation When implementing a hypermedia client/server application using a general media type (HTML, Atom, Collection+JSON, etc.), client and server instances need to share an understanding of domain-specific information such as data element names, link relation values, and state transfer parameters. (ietf.org)
  • The company's solution enables Big Data management, self-service data discovery, and governance, and exploratory analytics for marketplace users at unprecedented scales. (prweb.com)
  • Heudecker also says that " without at least some semblance of information governance, the lake will end up being a collection of disconnected data pools or information silos all in one place. (information-management.com)
  • A large European telecom operator launched a Data Governance program around their Data Warehouse because the data warehouse was not providing the expected returns. (collibra.com)
  • Unlike traditional data governance solutions, Collibra is a cross-organizational platform that breaks down the traditional data silos, freeing the data so all users have access. (collibra.com)
  • New regulatory requirements necessitate innovative approaches to data management," said Jörg Werner, Associate Director Regulatory Data Governance at Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. (sttinfo.fi)
  • In Ontological Semantics , Sergei Nirenburg and Victor Raskin introduce a comprehensive approach to the treatment of text meaning by computer. (mit.edu)
  • Ontological semantics is constantly evolving, driven by the need to make meaning manipulation tasks such as text analysis and text generation work. (mit.edu)
  • The long-term vision is to combine the top-down view of ontological research with a data (and therefore sensor) driven bottom-up approach to support complex queries. (52north.org)
  • The Proper Treatment of Events offers a novel approach to the semantics of tense and aspect motivated by cognitive considerations. (wiley.com)
  • A single COMN model can represent the objects and concepts in the problem space, logical data design, and concrete NoSQL and SQL document, key-value, columnar, and relational database implementations. (oreilly.com)
  • On the other hand, the issue of visualizing multidimensional data domains has been quite neglected from the research community, since it does not belong to the well-founded conceptual-logical-physical design hierarchy inherited from relational database methodologies. (igi-global.com)
  • If you are federating relational or big data platforms, there is the additional step of mapping, but once done, integration is point, federate, and integrate. (tdan.com)
  • Store RDF data in relational tables. (intellidimension.com)
  • Structured Query Language (SQL) - A standardized language used to define objects and manipulate data in a relational database. (ibm.com)
  • The need to share data with collaborators motivates custodians and users of relational databases (RDB) to expose relational data on the Web of Data. (w3.org)
  • This document defines a direct mapping from relational data to RDF. (w3.org)
  • Inforbix is pushing semantics, context and relationships into a content space that often must resort to inefficient, error-prone manual processes. (kmworld.com)
  • The efficient extraction and communication of information in heterogeneous data domains is a major challenge in the context of the ongoing digitalization efforts in industry and in the public sector. (eg.org)
  • This is done by using per cpu data and making sure that we modify it from within a preemption safe context. (kernel.org)
  • If the semantic reconciliation results in a number of reusable language-neutral and context-independent patterns for constructing business semantics that are articulated with informal meaning descriptions, then the unification is worthwhile. (wikipedia.org)
  • Footprint and Capabilities Semantics Abstract This document captures the semantics of the "Footprint and Capabilities Advertisement" part of the Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Request Routing interface, i.e., the desired meaning of "Footprint" and "Capabilities" in the CDNI context and what the "Footprint & Capabilities Advertisement interface (FCI)" offers within CDNI. (rfc-editor.org)
  • To narrow down undecided aspects of these semantics, this document tries to establish a common understanding of what the FCI needs to offer and accomplish in the context of CDNI. (rfc-editor.org)
  • Authors: Trellet M, Férey N, Flotyński J, Baaden M, Bourdot P Abstract The advances made in recent years in the field of structural biology significantly increased the throughput and complexity of data that scientists have to deal with. (medworm.com)
  • A. Krisnadhi , " Data Complexity of Instance Checking in the EL Family of Description Logics " , Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, 2007. (wright.edu)
  • Network Working Group M. Amundsen Internet-Draft CA Technologies, Inc. Expires: March 6, 2015 L. Richardson M. Foster Fingi, Inc. September 2, 2014 Application-Level Profile Semantics (ALPS) draft-amundsen-richardson-foster-alps-00 Abstract This document describes ALPS, a data format for defining simple descriptions of application-level semantics, similar in complexity to HTML microformats. (ietf.org)
  • Introduction This document describes ALPS, a media type for defining simple descriptions of application-level semantics, similar in complexity to HTML microformats. (ietf.org)
  • The semantics of the statistical data points, such as the real-world concepts they describe, or how they have been derived, is typically not explicit in these transformations. (kit.edu)
  • The Data Storage & Operation chapter deals with such concepts such as setting up production Database Administration, how to virtualize data, the idea of ACID (Atomic, Consistent, Isolated and Durable) updates, CAPs theorem (that you can have two of: Consistency, Availability, and Partition Tolerance) They even mention triple stores as an option. (tdan.com)
  • We introduce the basic concepts and the essential mechanisms of the model, demonstrate its features with examples and typical cases of semantics evolution. (illinois.edu)
  • Business semantics are the information concepts that live in the organization, understandable for both business and IT. (wikipedia.org)
  • Business Semantics describe the business concepts as they are used and needed by the business instead of describing the information from a technical point of view. (wikipedia.org)
  • Resource Description Framework (RDF) [RDF-concepts] is a data format based on a web-scalable architecture for identification and interpretation of terms. (w3.org)
  • In this research we present techniques to generate high quality linked data from tables by jointly inferring the semantics of column headers, table cell values (e.g., strings and numbers), relations between columns, augmented with background knowledge from open data sources such as the Linked Open Data cloud. (umbc.edu)
  • In terms of Semantic Enablement, we work on transparent solutions to connect the Geo Web and especially the Sensor Web with the Semantic Web and the Linked Data cloud. (52north.org)
  • RDF vocabularies, such as SCOVO (Statistical Core Vocabulary) are being used for publishing the data. (kit.edu)
  • Many of the current translations of the statistical data are published using simple transformation approaches. (kit.edu)
  • The Distributional Hypothesis is the basis for statistical semantics. (wikipedia.org)
  • S-Space SemanticVectors Gensim DISCO Builder Indra Co-occurrence Gensim Phraseme Random indexing Statistical semantics Word2vec Word embedding Scott Deerwester Susan Dumais J. R. Firth George Furnas Zellig Harris Richard Harshman Thomas Landauer Harris 1954 Firth 1957 Sahlgren 2008 McDonald & Ramscar 2001 Gleitman 2002 Yarlett 2008 Rieger 1991 Deerwester et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • A big part of the reason for this is that in the rush to capture all of the data in an organization what was often lost to data managers was that not all information is, in fact, worth capturing at a global level. (forbes.com)
  • At the same time, there is also data that has special value to an organization that should be captured quickly and treated as primary in such systems. (forbes.com)
  • In many cases, the most interesting data that should be captured at an enterprise level is data that describes the organization or its processes, people or products. (forbes.com)
  • Adding Semantic technologies can address many of the issues inherent in Data Lakes if an organization needs to rapidly answer complex, real world questions that require the fusion of data in many dimensions. (information-management.com)
  • The company delivers products and solutions that enable IT departments and business users across Life Sciences, Healthcare, Financial Services, Government, Manufacturing, and other industries to accelerate data delivery and to provide meaningful insights across the organization at speed and scale. (sttinfo.fi)
  • The available business semantics can be leveraged in the so-called business/social layer of the organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organizations are now embracing Data democratization thereby allowing end users to analyze data without IT organization help. (datasemantics.in)
  • In the way of illustration, this article includes relatively detailed overviews of a few selected areas where situation semantics has been successful: implicit quantifier domain restrictions, donkey pronouns, and exhaustive interpretations. (stanford.edu)
  • Both success measurement (correlation of analytics data on advertising campaigns) and retargeting functions (display of suitable advertisements to potential customers who have already expressed interest via online advertising (e.g. by clicking on an advertisement) are used. (ax-semantics.com)
  • The goal of this document is to achieve a clear understanding about the semantics associated with the CDNI Request Routing Footprint & Capabilities Advertisement interface (from now on referred to as the FCI) [ RFC7336 ], in particular the type of information a downstream CDN (dCDN) "advertises" regarding its footprint and capabilities. (rfc-editor.org)
  • The Live Social Semantics application is a novel platform that dissolves this divide, by collecting and integrating data about people from (a) their online social networks and tagging activities from popular social networking sites, (b) their publications and co-authorship networks from semantic repositories, and (c) their real-world face-to-face contacts with other attendees collected via a network of wearable active sensors. (springer.com)
  • Over 270 attendees joined the SEMANTiCS Conference, making it a rousing success! (aksw.org)
  • We propose here an integrated pipeline especially designed for immersive environments, promoting direct interactions on semantically linked 2D and 3D heterogeneous data, displayed in a common working space. (medworm.com)
  • The teams are now partnering to expand the regulatory data fabric with data from several legacy systems to provide unprecedented and comprehensive access to regularly data objects and accelerate its strategic Veeva implementation. (sttinfo.fi)
  • The workshop that preceded the outcome of this supplement was the Second Louhi Workshop on Text and Data Mining of Health Documents, Louhi 2010, that took place in Los Angeles, California, USA in June 2010. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It results from these initiatives a large collection of life-science data, unequally connected but in a standard format and available for mining. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most spreadsheet users don't even think of what they work with as being data, even though in many organizations it is this data that actually runs the company. (forbes.com)
  • As a matter of principle, such data audits should be routine, though in most organizations that's not the case. (forbes.com)
  • But now, there is a growing need to fuse complex data that comes from both inside and outside of organizations. (information-management.com)
  • In the Netherlands we have a community called the Platform Linked Data Nederland (450 members from private, public and scientific organizations). (opengeospatial.org)
  • Global 2000 organizations are turning to the Smart Data Lake to gain a complete new view of their data to generate new business opportunity and increased competitive advantage. (kmworld.com)
  • This charge is typically carried by developers under a CTO who want flexibility in their data environments so that they can build the tools and applications they need. (forbes.com)
  • Volume 2 contains Time-Tested, Step-by-Step Processes to Create Shared Data Environments. (wiscorp.com)
  • In this paper, we present an approach to visualize the possible interpretations of data integrated from heterogeneous environments, including the sequences of operations applied to filter, transform, and reinterpret the data, such that the result supports these interpretations. (eg.org)
  • This tutorial is designed to introduce the concept of data consistency and to the two important mechanisms DB2 uses to maintain data consistency in single- and multi-user database environments: isolation levels and locks. (ibm.com)
  • One potential solution to the problem is set to be demonstrated next week by open source software vendor Open-Xchange with an approach that uses semantic microformats as a mechanism for sharing and publishing data in a collaborative manner. (linuxquestions.org)