Urinary Tract Infections
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Urinary Bladder, Overactive
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli
Risk factors for severe hemorrhagic cystitis following BMT. (1/503)Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a common toxicity of preparative regimens for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Severe HC often requires prolonged and expensive hospitalization, and occasionally can result in death. To investigate the risk factors for severe HC, we conducted a retrospective study among 1908 patients who received BMTs at the University of Minnesota during 1974 to 1993. A previous report from our institution reported on 977 of these patients. We identified all patients with genitourinary complication within 100 days post-BMT from the BMT database. Medical charts for these patients were reviewed to determine whether the patient had HC and also the grade of HC. A total of 208 HC cases were identified during the study period. Of them, 92 patients had severe HC, an incidence of 5% (95% CI = 4-6%). We found that grade II-IV graft-versus-host disease (RR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.43-4.56), use of busulfan (RR = 2.69; 95% CI = 1.35-5.35), and age at transplant (RR = 2.20; 95% CI = 1.27-3.81, for age of 10-30 compared to age of 0-9) were related to an increased risk of HC. In contrast, transplant year was inversely associated with the risk of HC (trend test, P < 0.01). We did not find any significant difference in HC with the use of prophylactic Mesna. (+info)
Adenovirus infection after pediatric bone marrow transplantation. (2/503)Retrospective analysis of 206 patients undergoing 215 consecutive bone marrow transplants (BMT) at St Jude Children's Research Hospital between November 1990 and December 1994 identified 6% (seven male, six female) with adenovirus infection. The affected patients had a median age of 7.9 years (range 3-24 years) at time of transplantation. Although transplants were performed for hematologic malignancies, solid tumors or nonmalignant conditions, only patients with hematologic malignancies had adenoviral infections. Adenovirus was first detected at a median of 54 days (range -4 to +333) after BMT. Adenovirus developed in eight of 69 (11.6%) patients receiving grafts from matched unrelated or mismatched related donors, in four of 52 (7.7%) receiving grafts from HLA-matched siblings, and in one of 93 (1.1%) receiving autografts. The most common manifestation of adenovirus infection was hemorrhagic cystitis, followed by gastroenteritis, pneumonitis and liver failure. The incidence of adenovirus infection in pediatric BMT patients at our institution is similar to that reported in adult patients. Using univariate analysis, use of total body irradiation and type of bone marrow graft were significant risk factors for adenovirus infection. Only use of total body irradiation remained as a factor on multiple logistic regression analysis. (+info)
Urinary tract infections in adults. (3/503)Urinary tract infections remain a significant cause of morbidity in all age groups. Recent studies have helped to better define the population groups at risk for these infections, as well as the most cost-effective management strategies. Initially, a urinary tract infection should be categorized as complicated or uncomplicated. Further categorization of the infection by clinical syndrome and by host (i.e., acute cystitis in young women, acute pyelonephritis, catheter-related infection, infection in men, asymptomatic bacteriuria in the elderly) helps the physician determine the appropriate diagnostic and management strategies. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections are caused by a predictable group of susceptible organisms. These infections can be empirically treated without the need for urine cultures. The most effective therapy for an uncomplicated infection is a three-day course of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Complicated infections are diagnosed by quantitative urine cultures and require a more prolonged course of therapy. Asymptomatic bacteriuria rarely requires treatment and is not associated with increased morbidity in elderly patients. (+info)
Increased risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease, obstructive bronchiolitis, and alopecia with busulfan versus total body irradiation: long-term results of a randomized trial in allogeneic marrow recipients with leukemia. Nordic Bone Marrow Transplantation Group. (4/503)Leukemic patients receiving marrow from HLA-identical sibling donors were randomized to treatment with either busulfan 16 mg/kg (n = 88) or total body irradiation ([TBI] n = 79) in addition to cyclophosphamide 120 mg/kg. The patients were observed for a period of 5 to 9 years. Busulfan-treated patients had an increased risk of veno-occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver (12% v 1%, P =.01) and hemorrhagic cystitis (32% v 10%, P =.003). Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was similar in the two groups, but the 7-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 59% in the busulfan-treated group versus 47% in the TBI group (P =.05). Death from GVHD was more common in the busulfan group (22% v 3%, P <.001). Obstructive bronchiolitis occurred in 26% of the busulfan patients but in only 5% of the TBI patients (P <.01). Complete alopecia developed in 8 busulfan patients and partial alopecia in 17, versus five with partial alopecia in the TBI group (P <.001). Cataracts occurred in 5 busulfan-treated patients and 16 TBI patients (P =.02). The incidence of relapse after 7 years was 29% in both groups. Seven-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with early disease was 21% in the busulfan group and 12% in the TBI group. In patients with more advanced disease, the corresponding figures were 64% and 22%, respectively (P =.004). Leukemia-free survival (LFS) in patients with early disease was 68% in busulfan-treated patients and 66% in TBI patients. However, 7-year LFS in patients with more advanced disease was 17% in the busulfan group versus 49% in the TBI group (P <.01). In patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in first chronic phase, 7-year LFS was 72% and 83% in the two groups, respectively. (+info)
Evaluation of uroprotective efficacy of amifostine against cyclophosphamide induced hemorrhagic cystitis. (5/503)The role of amifostine in the prevention of cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) was evaluated in the rat model. Urinary bladders from control rats that received no drugs (group I) were compared with those from rats receiving cyclophosphamide alone at a dose of 150 mg/kg (group II), and two other groups receiving amifostine at 100 mg/kg (group III) and 200 mg/kg (group IV), 15 min prior to cyclophosphamide. Bladders were assessed macroscopically and histologically at 24 h and after 7 days. All the animals that received cyclophosphamide alone developed severe HC. On the basis of the scores of macroscopic and histologic changes, animals that received amifostine showed excellent uroprotection. Only 2/6 rats in group III and 1/6 rats in group IV developed mild HC at 24 h. None of the rats in either of these groups showed any evidence of HC at 7 days. It is concluded that amifostine protects the urothelium against cyclophosphamide-induced HC. (+info)
A trial comparing low-dose, short-course ciprofloxacin and standard 7 day therapy with co-trimoxazole or nitrofurantoin in the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection. (6/503)The study was undertaken to compare the safety and efficacy of twice-daily ciprofloxacin for 3 days with standard 7 day therapy with either co-trimoxazole or nitrofurantoin in the treatment of women with acute, uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI). This multicentre, prospective, randomized, double-blind trial compared oral ciprofloxacin (100 mg bd) for 3 days with co-trimoxazole (160/800 mg bd) or nitrofurantoin (100 mg bd) for 7 days. Bacteriological and clinical evaluations were performed at study entry, during therapy and 4-10 days and 4-6 weeks after the completion of therapy. The primary efficacy parameter was eradication of the causative organism 4-10 days following treatment. Of 713 women enrolled and evaluable for safety, 521 were evaluable for efficacy (168 ciprofloxacin, 174 co-trimoxazole, 179 nitrofurantoin). Escherichia coli (83%) was the most frequently isolated pathogen in all treatment groups. Bacteriological eradication was reported in 88% of ciprofloxacin patients, 93% of co-trimoxazole patients and 86% of nitrofurantoin patients. At the 4-6 week follow-up, ciprofloxacin had statistically significantly higher eradication rates (91%) than co-trimoxazole (79%; 95% confidence limit (CL) = -20.6%, -3.9%) and nitrofurantoin (82%; 95% CL = -17.1%, -0.9%). Clinical resolution 4-10 days after therapy and at the 4-6 week follow-up was similar among the three treatment groups. The overall incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events was not significantly different (P = 0.093) among the three drug regimens, although co-trimoxazole was associated with a greater number of adverse events than ciprofloxacin (P < or = 0.05). Ciprofloxacin also caused fewer episodes of nausea than either of the other agents (P < or = 0.01). (+info)
Short-course therapy of acute cystitis: a brief review of therapeutic strategies. (7/503)Acute cystitis is one of the commonest medical problems encountered by primary care physicians. It affects more women than men (8:1), but the incidence among men is increasing. Uncomplicated cystitis by definition occurs in healthy patients with a normal urinary tract, whereas complicated cystitis implies a predisposing or underlying condition. A narrow range of aetiological agents is responsible for most uncomplicated cystitis in women (Escherichia coli in 80% of cases). Recently, however, pathogens usually associated with sexually transmitted disease have been implicated. In women with typical symptoms of acute uncomplicated cystitis, an abbreviated laboratory work-up followed by empirical therapy is recommended. Single-dose and 3 day regimens of co-trimoxazole and the quinolones are as effective as longer regimens and have a higher eradication rate than other commonly used antimicrobials. Relapse rates are slightly higher with single-dose therapy. With this success rate plus the reduced cost and improved patient compliance, these regimens have replaced traditional 5 to 14 day courses of treatment. With increasing resistance of the common urinary pathogens to amoxycillin and, now, co-trimoxazole, the quinolones are a logical choice for empirical therapy of uncomplicated urinary tract infections. (+info)
Haemorrhagic cystitis: incidence and risk factors in a transplant population using hyperhydration. (8/503)Haemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is the syndrome of haematuria and symptoms of lower urinary tract irritability in the absence of bacterial infection. We report a low incidence of HC (18.2%) in 681 haemopoietic stem cell transplant patients, using a prophylactic regimen of hyperhydration and forced diuresis. The incidence of grade 3-4 disease is 3.4%. There was a marked difference in incidence between allogeneic and autologous transplant populations, 24.2% vs. 3.5% (P<0.0005). Busulphan conditioning, acute GVHD, interstitial pneumonitis and use of methotrexate and cyclosporin immune suppression were associated with significantly increased incidence of HC in the allogeneic population. This may reflect the numerous factors that contribute to the greater immunosuppression and consequent increased risk for HC in allogeneic transplantation. (+info)
In the medical field, cystitis is also known as urinary tract infection (UTI), which affects not only the bladder but also the kidneys and ureters. The symptoms of cystitis are similar to those of UTI, including fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting. However, cystitis is limited to the bladder only, whereas UTI can affect multiple parts of the urinary tract.
Cystitis is more common in women due to their anatomy, with the shorter urethra providing easier access for bacteria to enter the bladder. Pregnant women and those with diabetes or a weakened immune system are at higher risk of developing cystitis.
While cystitis is not a serious condition in most cases, it can lead to complications such as kidney damage if left untreated. Recurrent cystitis can also cause changes in the bladder muscle and increase the risk of urinary incontinence. Therefore, prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to manage symptoms and prevent long-term consequences.
In summary, cystitis is a common condition that affects the bladder, characterized by inflammation and symptoms such as painful urination and frequent urination. It can be acute or chronic, and treatment typically involves antibiotics, fluid intake, and pain relief medication. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to manage symptoms and prevent long-term consequences.
Urinary bladder diseases refer to any conditions that affect the urinary bladder, which is a hollow organ in the pelvis that stores urine before it is eliminated from the body. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, such as infection, inflammation, injury, or congenital abnormalities.
Types of Urinary Bladder Diseases:
1. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): These are common bacterial infections that affect the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra.
2. Overactive Bladder (OAB): A condition characterized by sudden, intense urges to urinate, often with urgency and frequency.
3. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): A non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that can cause urinary symptoms such as hesitant or interrupted flow of urine.
4. Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS): A chronic bladder condition characterized by recurring discomfort or pain in the bladder and pelvic area, often accompanied by frequency and urgency.
5. Bladder Cancer: A malignant growth that can occur in the bladder, typically in older adults.
6. Neurological Bladder Dysfunction: Conditions such as spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis can disrupt the nerve signals that control the bladder, leading to urinary dysfunction.
7. Congenital Bladder Anomalies: Birth defects that affect the development of the bladder, such as bladder exstrophy or cloaca.
Symptoms of Urinary Bladder Diseases:
1. Frequent urination
2. Painful urination
3. Cloudy or strong-smelling urine
4. Blood in the urine
5. Pelvic pain or discomfort
7. Urgency to urinate
8. Nocturia (waking up frequently to urinate at night)
9. Bladder pressure or discomfort
10. Difficulty starting or stopping the flow of urine
Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Bladder Diseases:
1. Physical examination and medical history
2. Urinalysis and urine culture
3. Imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI
4. Cystoscopy (insertion of a thin tube with a camera into the bladder)
5. Urodynamic testing (measuring bladder pressure and movement)
6. Biopsy (removing a small sample of tissue for examination)
Treatment options for urinary bladder diseases depend on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms, and may include:
1. Medications such as anticholinergics, antispasmodics, or immunosuppressants
2. Lifestyle changes such as fluid restriction, dietary modifications, or smoking cessation
3. Surgical interventions such as transurethral resection of bladder tumors or bladder augmentation
4. Catheterization or self-catheterization (insertion of a thin tube into the bladder to drain urine)
5. Bladder training and pelvic floor exercises to strengthen the muscles that control urination.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of urinary bladder diseases, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes and quality of life.
* Endometriosis: a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing pain, inflammation, and bleeding.
* Adenomyosis: a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle of the uterus, causing pain, inflammation, and heavy bleeding.
* Fibroids: noncancerous growths in the uterus that can cause pain, bleeding, and infertility.
* Ovarian cysts: fluid-filled sacs on the ovaries that can cause pain, bloating, and irregular periods.
* Ectopic pregnancy: a pregnancy that develops outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube, which can cause severe pain and bleeding.
* Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): an infection of the reproductive organs that can cause pain, fever, and infertility.
* Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): a condition that affects the large intestine and can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel movements.
* Interstitial cystitis: a chronic bladder condition that can cause pain and frequency of urination.
* Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate gland, which can cause painful urination, fever, and infertility.
Pelvic pain can be diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI. Treatment options for pelvic pain depend on the underlying cause and can include medications, surgery, or lifestyle changes.
The symptoms of pyelonephritis can vary depending on the severity and location of the infection, but may include:
* Flank pain (pain in the sides or back)
* Nausea and vomiting
* Frequent urination or difficulty urinating
* Blood in the urine
* Abdominal tenderness
* Loss of appetite
Pyelonephritis can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as urinalysis, blood cultures, and imaging studies (such as CT or ultrasound scans).
Treatment of pyelonephritis typically involves antibiotics to eradicate the underlying bacterial infection, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms such as fever and pain. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat the infection.
If left untreated, pyelonephritis can lead to serious complications such as kidney damage, sepsis, and even death. Therefore, prompt recognition and treatment of this condition are crucial to prevent long-term consequences and improve outcomes for affected individuals.
The presence of blood in urine is typically detected during a urinalysis, which is a routine test performed during a physical examination or when a patient is admitted to the hospital. The amount and color of blood can vary depending on the cause of hematuria, ranging from microscopic (not visible to the naked eye) to gross (visible).
Hematuria can be classified into two main types:
1. Gross hematuria: This type of hematuria is characterized by visible blood in urine, which can range from pink to bright red. It is usually caused by trauma, kidney stones, or tumors.
2. Microscopic hematuria: This type of hematuria is characterized by the presence of red blood cells in urine that are not visible to the naked eye. It can be caused by various factors, including infections, inflammation, and kidney damage.
Hematuria can be a sign of an underlying medical condition, and it is important to consult a healthcare professional if blood is present in urine. A proper diagnosis is essential to determine the cause of hematuria and provide appropriate treatment.
1. Types of Polyomaviruses: There are several types of polyomaviruses that can infect humans, including the common cold virus (Rhinovirus), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), and the newly identified Parechovirus.
2. Infection: Polyomaviruses can be transmitted through contact with an infected person's respiratory secretions, such as mucus and saliva, or through contaminated surfaces. Inhaling the virus can lead to an infection in the respiratory tract.
3. Symptoms: The symptoms of polyomavirus infections can vary depending on the type of virus and the individual's age and overall health. Common symptoms include runny nose, cough, fever, sore throat, headache, and fatigue. In severe cases, polyomaviruses can cause pneumonia, bronchiolitis, and other respiratory disorders.
4. Diagnosis: A diagnosis of a polyomavirus infection is typically made based on the symptoms and medical history of the individual, as well as through laboratory tests such as PCR (polymerase chain reaction) or viral culture.
5. Treatment: There is no specific treatment for polyomavirus infections, but antiviral medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms and prevent complications. Supportive care, such as rest, hydration, and over-the-counter pain relievers, may also be recommended.
6. Prevention: Preventing the spread of polyomaviruses can be challenging, but good hygiene practices such as frequent handwashing, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, and disinfecting surfaces can help reduce the risk of transmission. Vaccines are also being developed to protect against certain types of polyomaviruses.
7. Prognosis: In most cases, polyomavirus infections are mild and self-limiting, with symptoms resolving on their own within a few days to a week. However, severe infections can be life-threatening, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying medical conditions.
8. Epidemiology: Polyomaviruses are common and widespread, with the majority of individuals worldwide being infected at some point in their lives. Outbreaks of polyomavirus infections can occur in settings such as hospitals, long-term care facilities, and daycare centers, where individuals with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to infection.
9. Research: Research on polyomaviruses is ongoing to better understand the viruses, their transmission, and their clinical impact. This includes development of vaccines and antiviral medications, as well as studies to identify risk factors for severe infections and to improve diagnostic tests.
10. Public health: Polyomaviruses are a public health concern, particularly in settings where individuals with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to infection. Prevention strategies include practicing good hygiene, such as frequent handwashing, and avoiding close contact with individuals who are sick.
Overall, polyomaviruses are a diverse group of viruses that can cause a range of diseases, from mild and self-limiting to severe and life-threatening. Understanding the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, epidemiology, research, and public health implications of polyomavirus infections is essential for providing appropriate care and preventing outbreaks.
Example sentence: The patient had a hemorrhage after the car accident and needed immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of a UTI can include:
* Painful urination
* Frequent urination
* Cloudy or strong-smelling urine
* Blood in the urine
* Pelvic pain in women
* Rectal pain in men
If you suspect that you have a UTI, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. UTIs can lead to more serious complications if left untreated, such as kidney damage or sepsis.
Treatment for a UTI typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection. It is important to complete the full course of treatment to ensure that the infection is completely cleared. Drinking plenty of water and taking over-the-counter pain relievers may also help alleviate symptoms.
Preventive measures for UTIs include:
* Practicing good hygiene, such as wiping from front to back and washing hands after using the bathroom
* Urinating when you feel the need, rather than holding it in
* Avoiding certain foods that may irritate the bladder, such as spicy or acidic foods
* Drinking plenty of water to help flush bacteria out of the urinary tract.
The exact cause of vulvodynia is not known, but it is believed to be related to a combination of physical, emotional, and hormonal factors. Some potential contributing factors include:
* Hormonal changes: Changes in estrogen levels, which can occur during menopause or with the use of certain medications, may contribute to vulvodynia.
* Infection: Bacterial, viral, or yeast infections can cause inflammation and pain in the vulva.
* Allergies: Some women may be allergic to certain products, such as soaps or lubricants, which can irritate the vulva and cause pain.
* Skin conditions: Conditions such as eczema or psoriasis can cause inflammation and discomfort in the vulva.
* Injury: Trauma to the vulva, such as from childbirth or sexual activity, can lead to chronic pain.
* Neurological factors: Vulvodynia may be related to nerve damage or abnormalities in the pelvic area.
There is no cure for vulvodynia, but there are several treatment options available to manage the symptoms. These may include:
* Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Prescription medications, such as antidepressants or anti-seizure drugs, may also be prescribed.
* Physical therapy: A physical therapist can teach exercises and techniques to help relax the pelvic floor muscles and improve blood flow to the vulva.
* Local estrogen therapy: Topical estrogen creams or tablets can help to reduce pain and inflammation in the vulva.
* Psychological counseling: Talk therapy can be helpful in addressing any emotional or psychological issues that may be contributing to the pain.
* Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove any lesions or scar tissue that may be causing pain.
It's important to note that vulvodynia can be a chronic condition, and it may take time and patience to find the right treatment approach. A healthcare provider will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses your specific needs and symptoms.
Symptoms of pyelitis may include fever, flank pain, nausea, vomiting, and difficulty urinating. The condition is usually diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as ultrasound or CT scan. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms such as pain and fever. In severe cases, surgery may be required to drain the infected area.
Preventative measures for pyelitis include maintaining good hygiene practices during medical procedures, avoiding exposure to certain risk factors such as bacterial or viral infections, and seeking prompt medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time.
Pyelitis is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention to prevent complications such as kidney damage or sepsis. With proper treatment and supportive care, most people with pyelitis can recover fully within a few weeks.
There are several possible causes of OAB, including:
1. Neurological disorders: OAB can be caused by nerve damage or dysfunction, which can lead to abnormal bladder contractions. Examples of neurological disorders that can cause OAB include multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and spinal cord injuries.
2. Overactive bladder syndrome: This is a condition in which the bladder muscle contracts too often or too strongly, causing symptoms of OAB. The exact cause of overactive bladder syndrome is not known, but it may be related to nerve damage or changes in the bladder muscle.
3. Inflammation: Inflammation in the bladder or urinary tract can irritate the bladder muscle and cause OAB symptoms. Examples of inflammatory conditions that can cause OAB include urinary tract infections and interstitial cystitis.
4. Constipation: Constipation can put pressure on the bladder and irritate the bladder muscle, leading to OAB symptoms.
5. Certain medications: Some medications, such as diuretics and beta-blockers, can cause OAB as a side effect.
6. Lifestyle factors: Certain lifestyle factors, such as caffeine and alcohol consumption, can irritate the bladder muscle and contribute to OAB symptoms.
Symptoms of OAB may include:
1. Frequent urination: People with OAB may need to urinate more often than usual, especially at night.
2. Urgency: They may feel a sudden, intense need to urinate, which can be difficult to control.
3. Incontinence: Some people with OAB may experience occasional or persistent urinary incontinence, which is the loss of bladder control.
4. Overactive bladder symptoms: They may also experience other overactive bladder symptoms, such as urgency and frequency, but these are not always present.
5. Nocturia: People with OAB may wake up frequently during the night to urinate.
There is no cure for OAB, but there are several treatment options available that can help manage symptoms. These include lifestyle changes, medications, and surgery. Some people with OAB may also need to make changes to their diet or avoid certain foods and drinks that can irritate the bladder. It is important for people with OAB to work closely with their healthcare provider to find a treatment plan that works best for them.
Here are some common types of E. coli infections:
1. Urinary tract infections (UTIs): E. coli is a leading cause of UTIs, which occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract and cause inflammation. Symptoms include frequent urination, burning during urination, and cloudy or strong-smelling urine.
2. Diarrheal infections: E. coli can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever if consumed through contaminated food or water. In severe cases, this type of infection can lead to dehydration and even death, particularly in young children and the elderly.
3. Septicemia (bloodstream infections): If E. coli bacteria enter the bloodstream, they can cause septicemia, a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms include fever, chills, rapid heart rate, and low blood pressure.
4. Meningitis: In rare cases, E. coli infections can spread to the meninges, the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, causing meningitis. This is a serious condition that requires prompt treatment with antibiotics and supportive care.
5. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS): E. coli infections can sometimes cause HUS, a condition where the bacteria destroy red blood cells, leading to anemia, kidney failure, and other complications. HUS is most common in young children and can be fatal if not treated promptly.
Preventing E. coli infections primarily involves practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly, especially after using the bathroom or before handling food. It's also essential to cook meat thoroughly, especially ground beef, to avoid cross-contamination with other foods. Avoiding unpasteurized dairy products and drinking contaminated water can also help prevent E. coli infections.
If you suspect an E. coli infection, seek medical attention immediately. Your healthcare provider may perform a urine test or a stool culture to confirm the diagnosis and determine the appropriate treatment. In mild cases, symptoms may resolve on their own within a few days, but antibiotics may be necessary for more severe infections. It's essential to stay hydrated and follow your healthcare provider's recommendations to ensure a full recovery.
There are several types of prostatitis, including:
1. Acute bacterial prostatitis: This type is caused by a bacterial infection and can lead to fever, chills, and other symptoms.
2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis: This type is similar to acute bacterial prostatitis, but the infection lasts for more than 3 months.
3. Chronic abacterial prostatitis: This type is not caused by an infection and can be caused by irritation or inflammation of the prostate gland.
4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: This type is characterized by inflammation of the prostate gland, but there are no symptoms.
Prostatitis can be diagnosed through a physical examination, urine tests, and imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI. Treatment options for prostatitis depend on the type and severity of the condition, but may include antibiotics, alpha-blockers, and other medications to relieve symptoms.
In conclusion, prostatitis is a common condition that can cause a range of symptoms in men. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms of prostatitis, as early diagnosis and treatment can help to alleviate discomfort and prevent complications.
Some common causes of bacteriuria include:
1. Escherichia coli (E. coli): This type of bacteria is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to the urinary tract through the bloodstream or through sexual contact.
2. Staphylococcus saprophyticus: This type of bacteria is also commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and can cause UTIs.
3. Klebsiella: This type of bacteria can be found in the gastrointestinal tract, skin, and respiratory tract, and can cause UTIs.
4. Proteus mirabilis: This type of bacteria is commonly found in the urinary tract and can cause UTIs.
5. Pseudomonas aeruginosa: This type of bacteria can be found in the urinary tract and can cause UTIs, particularly in people with underlying medical conditions such as diabetes or a weakened immune system.
Bacteriuria can cause symptoms such as frequency, urgency, and painful urination, as well as cloudy or strong-smelling urine. If left untreated, bacteriuria can lead to more serious complications such as kidney infections or sepsis. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection, as well as measures to manage symptoms such as drinking plenty of fluids and using a heating pad to alleviate pain.
In addition to UTIs, bacteriuria can also be a sign of other underlying medical conditions such as kidney stones, bladder cancer, or a blockage in the urinary tract. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of bacteriuria or UTI, particularly if you have a weakened immune system or underlying medical conditions.
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Urinary tract inf4
- Mostly cause of cystitis is the urinary tract infection (UTI). (planetayurveda.com)
- Cystitis is a Urinary tract infection, occurs when bacteria through urethra enter the urinary tract and start multiply. (planetayurveda.com)
- Acute cystitis is the most common type of uncomplicated urinary tract infection. (nih.gov)
- Over a lifetime, 50% of women will experience an acute uncomplicated cystitis, also known as a lower urinary tract infection (UTI), making acute uncomplicated cystitis the most common bacterial infection among this population. (jucm.com)
Symptoms of Cystitis3
- These are herbs which are very beneficial to manage the symptoms of cystitis by diuretic action to flush out the bacteria from body. (planetayurveda.com)
- Signs and symptoms of cystitis tend to be more prominent compared to those of urethritis. (medscape.com)
- In addition to symptoms of cystitis, patients with prostatitis may present with fever and chills. (medscape.com)
- Symptoms of hemorrhagic cystitis In stage IV, blood clots may fill your bladder and stop urine flow. (onteenstoday.com)
- Discovery of urine nitrite and/or leukocyte esterase on the strip will help confirm a suspicion of acute uncomplicated cystitis. (jucm.com)
- Those little sachets contain sodium citrate: a magical ingredient which acts to neutralise the acidity of the urine caused by cystitis and get you feeling like yourself again. (hanxofficial.us)
- Diagnosis cystitis dapat ditegakkan melalui pemeriksaan urine, pemeriksaan pencitraan -seperti USG atau x-ray abdomen-, dan cystoscopy . (indonesiare.co.id)
- In general, symptoms associated with radiation cystitis can be grouped into acute and late-phase, or chronic, symptoms. (medscape.com)
- In this article our experience of using of fosfomycin for the treatment of women with acute uncomplicated cystitis is presented. (nih.gov)
- to evaluate an efficiency of fosfomycin trometamol for treatment of women with acute uncomplicated cystitis. (nih.gov)
- During the period from September to November 2018, we performed an examination and treatment of 57 women with acute uncomplicated cystitis aged from 19 to 40 years. (nih.gov)
- Proper empiric antibiotic treatment in women with acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis can prevent unnecessary morbidity and provide urgent relief from these common genitourinary infections. (jucm.com)
- Acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis usually occurs as a consequence of ascending acute uncomplicated cystitis. (jucm.com)
- Although often self-limited, acute uncomplicated cystitis takes a significant toll on women and warrants careful consideration. (jucm.com)
- In 2010, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), in collaboration with the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID), updated their practice guidelines for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis. (jucm.com)
- Acute uncomplicated cystitis is an infection of the lower urinary tract. (jucm.com)
- Risk factors for acute uncomplicated cystitis include recent sexual intercourse, diaphragm use with spermicide, and recurrent UTI. (jucm.com)
- 3 Vaginal discharge or irritation makes acute uncomplicated cystitis less likely. (jucm.com)
- One study reported that a new onset of urinary frequency and dysuria in the absence of vaginal discharge or irritation has a positive predictive value of 90% for acute uncomplicated cystitis. (jucm.com)
- Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen found in women with acute uncomplicated cystitis, therefore, it is helpful to know the local resistance patterns to E. coli . (jucm.com)
- First-line empiric treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis has shifted from fluoroquinolones due to an increase in E. coli resistance in the United States from 3% in 2000 to an alarming 17.3% in 2010. (jucm.com)
- Betalactams such as ampicillin/clavulanate, cefdinir, cefpodoxime) are less likely to be effective and not recommended as empiric first-line treatment for acute uncomplicated cystitis. (jucm.com)
- If you have interstitial cystitis, the signals from the bladder are painful and may occur even when the bladder is not full. (medlineplus.gov)
- Office testing and treatment options for interstitial cystitis (painful bladder syndrome). (medlineplus.gov)
- Learn the symptoms, potential causes and treatments for interstitial cystitis, also known as painful bladder syndrome. (nm.org)
- Painful bladder syndrome , known medically as interstitial cystitis , is a problem that many men and women deal with. (gynecology-doctors.com)
- As the name implies, the most common symptom of interstitial cystitis is a painful bladder . (gynecology-doctors.com)
- Dealing with painful interstitial cystitis can lead to many long-term problems, including depression, reduced quality of life and more. (gynecology-doctors.com)
- Dr HANX explains why Cystitis is so damn painful. (hanxofficial.us)
- Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome. (medlineplus.gov)
- RESEARCH OBJECTIVES A. Background Interstitial cystitis is often times a disabling disease characterized by bladder pain, urgency, frequency, nocturia, and dysuria. (nih.gov)
- Interstitial cystitis surgery is typically only for those with extreme bladder pain. (gynecology-doctors.com)
- Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by bladder pain and increased urinary frequency. (bvsalud.org)
- Martin SE, Begun EM, Samir E, Azaiza MT, Allegro S, Abdelhady M. Incidence and Morbidity of Radiation-Induced Hemorrhagic Cystitis in Prostate Cancer. (medscape.com)
- Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy control of intractable hematuria following radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. (medscape.com)
- Weiss JP, Mattei DM, Neville EC, Hanno PM. Primary treatment of radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis with hyperbaric oxygen: 10-year experience. (medscape.com)
- Is hemorrhagic cystitis fatal? (onteenstoday.com)
- However, hemorrhagic cystitis is a potentially deadly complication associated with pelvic radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and stem-cell transplant therapy. (onteenstoday.com)
- Which chemotherapy drug causes hemorrhagic cystitis? (onteenstoday.com)
- How do you diagnose hemorrhagic cystitis? (onteenstoday.com)
- Diagnosis of hemorrhagic cystitis order blood tests to check for infection, anemia, or a bleeding disorder. (onteenstoday.com)
- What viruses cause hemorrhagic cystitis? (onteenstoday.com)
- Is hemorrhagic cystitis a UTI? (onteenstoday.com)
- Hemorrhagic cystitis is defined by lower urinary tract symptoms that include hematuria and irritative voiding symptoms. (onteenstoday.com)
- How common is hemorrhagic cystitis? (onteenstoday.com)
- Interstitial Cystitis (IC) is a chronic bladder condition resulting in recurring discomfort or pain in the bladder or surrounding pelvic region. (cdc.gov)
- Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a long-term (chronic) problem in which pain, pressure, or burning is present in the bladder. (medlineplus.gov)
- Helissey C, Cavallero S, Brossard C, Dusaud M, Chargari C, François S. Chronic Inflammation and Radiation-Induced Cystitis: Molecular Background and Therapeutic Perspectives. (medscape.com)
- This RFA, Interstitial Cystitis Clinical Trials Group, relates to the priority areas of chronic disabling conditions and prevention services. (nih.gov)
- Stress can also cause symptoms of a chronic urinary condition called interstitial cystitis (IC) to flare up. (onteenstoday.com)
- As cystitis can be a chronic disease, it can be brought about by long-term causes (normally stress related), as the owner, you can try and help reduce any stress. (wellbeloved.com)
- As with any chronic pain condition, managing stress can help control symptoms of interstitial cystitis. (nm.org)
- People with interstitial cystitis (IC) have repeat discomfort, pressure, tenderness or pain in the bladder , lower abdomen , and pelvic area. (nih.gov)
- Patients who have a positive test often respond (about 60% of the time ( 1 )) to a medicine used to treat interstitial cystitis called pentosan polysulfate (Elmiron(R)). This is significant because up until now, we have not had any good medicines that permanently treat pelvic pain. (wdxcyber.com)
- Radiation cystitis - Radiation treatment of pelvic area may also results in the inflammation of bladder. (planetayurveda.com)
- Books & magazines on interstitial cystitis, pelvic pain, pelvic floor dysfunction in electronic format. (icnsales.com)
- End stage interstitial cystitis (IC) often results in ulcers in the bladder wall that can be seen when a scope (cystoscopy) is used to view the inside of the bladder. (wdxcyber.com)
Inflammation of the bladder2
- Interstitial cystitis is characterized by an inflammatory response in the bladder wall but bacterial cultures are negative. (wdxcyber.com)
- Bacterial cystitis - Bacteria are the most common cause of cystitis. (planetayurveda.com)
- In most cases, cystitis is caused by bacterial infections. (maltaloe.com)
- If your vet diagnoses solely cystitis, they will usually prescribe pain medication which can also help reduce any inflammation in the bladder and possibly antibiotics to help with any infection which may be present. (wellbeloved.com)
- But infection can also occur in the sexually inactive girls and women because female genital area harbors bacteria which lead to cystitis. (planetayurveda.com)
- Cystitis is a common infection. (nih.gov)
- From the ayurvedic perspective, to manage the problem of cystitis, main emphasis is to clear the blockages in the urinary tract infections and elimination of infections from the body. (planetayurveda.com)
- Planet Ayurveda provides effective herbal remedies such as Mutrakrichantak Churna, Rencure Formula, Kanchnaar Guggul & Chanderprabha Vati for ayurvedic treatment of cystitis. (planetayurveda.com)
- Ayurvedic herbal treatment can be judiciously employed to productively treat interstitial cystitis. (perho.info)
- Ayurvedic herbal treatment method can hence handle all the symptoms afflicted with interstitial cystitis, and convey about a complete remission in most afflicted people today. (perho.info)
Characterized by urinary1
- Interstitial cystitis is characterized by urinary frequency, urgency and pain. (wdxcyber.com)
- Modeling and Treatment of Radiation Cystitis. (medscape.com)
- What kind of treatment is there for interstitial cystitis? (experts123.com)
- To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of fosfomycin compared with other antibiotics for the treatment of patients with cystitis. (nih.gov)
- If interstitial cystitis is present, treatment can begin. (gynecology-doctors.com)
- The best treatment for interstitial cystitis will vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the problem. (gynecology-doctors.com)
- Cool, we'll be over here with our essential Cystitis Treatment. (hanxofficial.us)
- However various treatment modalities exist in the modern procedure of medications, none has been acknowledged to surely heal all the indications connected with interstitial cystitis. (perho.info)
- Smit SG, Heyns CF. Management of radiation cystitis. (medscape.com)
- We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), generated from searches performed in PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane CENTRAL, which involved patients with cystitis treated with fosfomycin versus other antibiotics. (nih.gov)
- Prostatitis is obviously limited to men and occurs more acutely than cystitis. (medscape.com)
- Medications which act on the muscular wall of the urinary bladder, and medications which act on harmed blood vessels and capillaries, as well as these recognised to reverse or minimize scarring are also successful in the therapy of interstitial cystitis. (perho.info)
- Dokter umumnya akan meresepkan antibiotic (untuk cystitis yang disebabkan oleh infeksi bakteri) serta analgesic untuk mengurangi rasa nyeri dan tidak nyaman yang dialami pasien. (indonesiare.co.id)
- In addition to being a powerful anti-inflammatory and natural antibiotic, it is a valuable aid to fight and prevent urinary tract diseases caused by fungi and bacteria, such as cystitis and candida. (maltaloe.com)
- Designed to alleviate the irritable (and frankly evil) symptoms caused by cystitis, our 48-hour complete course of sodium citrate sachets gives effective relief, complete with that classic cranberry flavour. (hanxofficial.us)
- Some men and women influenced with interstitial cystitis also have connected indications of irritable bowel syndrome. (perho.info)
- Misalnya, pada wanita yang terkena cystitis karena faktor menopause, dokter akan meresepkan cream estrogen untuk dioleskan ke area vagina untuk membantu menstabilkan hormone di area tersebut. (indonesiare.co.id)
- The purpose of this RFA is to solicit applications from institutions interested in participating in a cooperative group to plan, direct, and conduct clinical trials in patients with interstitial cystitis (IC). (nih.gov)
- The vast majority of cases of infectious cystitis are easily treated, and most patients have no long-term complications. (onteenstoday.com)
- Urinary problems are one of the most common health issues in cats, especially feline interstitial/idiopathic cystitis (FIC), more commonly referred to as just cystitis . (wellbeloved.com)
- Interestingly, while most common cat injuries are the result of something physical, cat cystitis is one of the few diseases to commonly have a mental cause. (wellbeloved.com)
- Aloe vera and cystitis: a valid ally to fight one of the most frequent inflammations in women. (maltaloe.com)
- Cystitis can cause symptoms which can be traumatic for you and your cat. (wellbeloved.com)
- I nterstitial cystitis varies in its severity, so the amount of pain will be different from person to person. (gynecology-doctors.com)
- Cystitis is a known inflammation of the urinary tract that mainly affects women, since they have a shorter ureter than the male ureter. (maltaloe.com)
- 1 , 2 This condition (pronounced en-doh-mee-tree-OH-sis ) occurs when tissues that normally grow inside the uterus grow somewhere else in the body, usually in other parts of the pelvis, such as on the outside of the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes. (nih.gov)
- The ICA advocates for research dedicated to discovery of a cure and better treatments, raises awareness, and serves as a central hub for the healthcare providers, researchers and millions of patients who have interstitial cystitis. (ichelp.org)
- Even a mild case of interstitial cystitis can wreak havoc on everyday life and cause intense pain. (gynecology-doctors.com)