Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.United StatesPrognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Cysticercus: The larval form of various tapeworms of the genus Taenia.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).SwedenDenmarkAsian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Disease-Free Survival: Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.Confounding Factors (Epidemiology): Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Great BritainSpain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.ItalyAlcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Publication Bias: The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.CaliforniaGene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.JapanTaiwanGermanyFinlandBrazilDrug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.EuropeSocial Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.IndiaChronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Hospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.NorwayProstatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Genetic Association Studies: The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.WashingtonCross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.EnglandHaplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Cochlear Implants: Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Survivors: Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Stomach Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Neoplasm Recurrence, Local: The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Aspirin: The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Area Under Curve: A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.MexicoInterviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.MinnesotaPatient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.SEER Program: A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Housing: Living facilities for humans.Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Switzerland

Cytomorphological spectrum of cysticercosis--a review of 132 cases. (1/93)

A retrospective analysis of fine needle aspirates of 132 cases of cysticercosis presenting as palpable nodule is presented. In 98 cases, larval parts, detached hooklets and scolex established the diagnosis; in another 34 cases, the background inflammatory pattern was helpful in suggesting the diagnosis of a parastic lesion.  (+info)

Brain parenchymal, subarachnoid racemose, and intraventricular cysticercosis in an Indian man. (2/93)

The coexistence of brain parenchymal cysts at various stages of evolution, both intraventricular and subarachnoid racemose, is reported in a patient with neurocysticercosis. The condition has a variety of presentations, depending on the location of the cyst. This case is of particular interest because of the rarity of this condition in India.  (+info)

Epilepsy and neurocysticercosis in an Andean community. (3/93)

BACKGROUND: Taenia solium neurocysticercosis (NCC) has been documented as one of the major causes of epilepsy in developing countries. However, methodological limitations have hindered the evaluation of the epidemiological relationship between cysticercosis and epilepsy at the community level. METHODS: We used the WHO protocol for epidemiological evaluation of neurological disorders to conduct a door-to-door survey among 2723 residents of San Pablo del Lago, an Ecuadorean rural community in which T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis was known to be endemic. The WHO protocol was complemented by neuroimaging and immunological tests to confirm the diagnosis of this infection. RESULTS: In all 31 people suffering from active epilepsy were detected (prevalence 11.4 per 1000, 95% CI:7.7-15.4); 26 agreed to undergo a computer tomography (CT) examination, and 28 agreed to have blood drawn for serodiagnosis. Fourteen of the 26 (53.8%) had CT changes compatible with NCC and six of the 28 (21.4%) tested positive in the enzyme-linked immunoelectro-transfer blot (EITB) assay. In a seizure-free random sample of this population, 17 of 118 (144 per 1000) subjects examined by CT and 10 out of 96 (104 per 1000) examined by EITB had evidence of this infection. The differences between the epilepsy group and the random sample of the population were statistically significant (OR = 6.93, 95% CI: 2.7-17.5, P < 0.001) for CT diagnosis, but not for EITB results (OR = 2.75, 95% CI: 0.8-7.1, P > 0.12, NS). CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm that T. solium NCC is a significant cause of epilepsy at the community level in Andean villages of Ecuador. It is important to initiate effective public health interventions to eliminate this infection, which may be responsible for at least half of the cases of reported epilepsy in Ecuador.  (+info)

ELISA test for the diagnosis of cysticercosis in pigs using antigens of Taenia solium and Taenia crassiceps cysticerci. (4/93)

In the present study ELISA was standardized for the diagnosis of swine cysticercosis based on necropsy parameters and confirmed positive and negative control sera. Serum samples from pigs with other infections were also assayed to determine possible cross-reactions. Four antigens were assayed: from Taenia crassiceps vesicular fluid (VF-Tcra) and crude larvae extract (T-Tcra), and from Taenia solium extracts of scolex (S-Ts) and of larvae (T-Ts). A checkerboard evaluation of antigen, serum and conjugate dilutions, as well as the use of Tween-20 and skim cow milk in wash and blocking solution had a marked effect on improving ELISA performance. All the antigens showed a good performance, but VF-Tcra was the best, with 96.0% and 80.0% sensitivities for cut-offs respectively at 2sd and 3sd, and corresponding specificities of 97.5% and 100.0%. Cross-reactivity was observed only with hydatidosis and ascaridiosis. In view of the high performance observed, the ELISA test should be recommended for the diagnosis of cysticercosis in suspected swine in slaughterhouses and for the screening of cysticercosis in swine production. These results will support integrated measures of cysticercosis control throughout the chain of swine production, effectively contributing to public health.  (+info)

Cytomorphological spectrum of cysticercosis--a review of 132 cases. (5/93)

A retrospective analysis of fine needle aspirates of 132 cases of cysticercosis presenting as palpable nodule is presented. In 98 cases, larval parts, detached hooklets and scolex established the diagnosis; in another 24 cases, the background inflammatory pattern was helpful in suggesting the diagnosis of a parasitic lesion.  (+info)

Interleukin-5 and interleukin-10 are major cytokines in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with active neurocysticercosis. (6/93)

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common neurological disorder especially in developing countries, caused by infection of the brain with encysted larvae of the tapeworm Taenia solium. Seizures are a common finding associated with this disease. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between the levels of various cytokines present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with NCC and the severity of the disease. The levels of the cytokines IL-1ss, TNF-alpha, IL-5, IL-10 and IFN-gamma were determined in the CSF of 22 patients with active NCC, 13 patients with inactive NCC and 15 control subjects. CSF from patients with active NCC presented significantly higher IL-5 levels compared to control subjects. IL-5 and IL-10 levels in CSF from NCC patients with inflammatory CSF were significantly higher than those detected in non-inflammatory CSF. These results show a predominant Th2 lymphocyte activation in human NCC and also indicate the possible use of cytokines in the CSF as a marker for the differential diagnosis between inactive disease and the active form of NCC.  (+info)

Rodent model for long-term maintenance and development of the viable cysticerci of Taenia saginata asiatica. (7/93)

Although oncospheres of Taenia saginata asiatica can develop into cysticerci in immunodeficiency, immunosuppressed, and normal mice, no detailed information on the development features of these cysticerci from SCID mice is available. In the present study, the tumor-like cyst was found in the subcutaneous tissues of each of 10 SCID mice after 38-244 days inoculation with 39,000 oncospheres of T. s. asiatica. These cysts weighed 2.0-9.6 gm and were 1.5-4.3 cm in diameter. The number of cysticerci were collected from these cysts ranged from 125 to 1,794 and the cysticercus recovery rate from 0.3% to 4.6%. All cysticerci were viable with a diameter of 1-6 mm and 9 abnormal ones each with 2 evaginated protoscoleces were also found. The mean length and width of scolex, protoscolex, and bladder were 477 x 558, 756 x 727, and 1,586 x 1,615 microns, respectively. The diameters of suckers and rostellum were 220 microns and 70 microns, respectively. All cysticerci had two rows of rostellar hooks. These findings suggest that the SCID mouse model can be employed as a tool for long-term maintenance of the biological materials for advanced studies of immunodiagnosis, vaccine development, and evaluation of cestocidal drugs which would be most benefit for the good health of the livestocks.  (+info)

Utility of the cysticercus immunoblot in a patient with an atypical solitary cerebral cysticercus granuloma. (8/93)

The value of the enzyme linked immunotransfer blot (EITB) assay in avoiding an invasive diagnostic procedure in a patient with an atypical solitary cerebral cysticercus granuloma is presented.  (+info)

*Cysticercus

... (pl. cysticerci) is a scientific name given to the young tapeworms (larvae) belonging to the genus Taenia. It is a ... as Cysticercus ovis, that of ruminant tapeworm (T. krabbei) as Cysticercus tarandi, and that of the dog tapeworm (T. crassiceps ... Cysticercus was discovered in the late 17th century CE as a parasitic bladder. It was believed to be a different organism from ... A cysticercus is a bladder-like transparent vesicle. It is composed of two main parts: the vesicular wall and a scolex. The ...

*Odontogenic cyst

Parasitic cysts: hydatid cyst; Cysticercus cellulosae; trichinosis Buccal bifurcation cyst Calcifying odontogenic cyst ...

*Metacestode

Examples include cysticerci, cysticercoids, and hydatid cysts. Cysticercoid Cysticercus Cestoda. ...

*Taenia solium

Humans are infected by the larval stage, the cysticercus, from measly pork. A cysticercus is oval in shape, containing an ... cysticerci. A cysticercus grows into an adult worm in human small intestines. Infection is generally harmless and asymptomatic ... where they settle to form cysts called cysticerci. A single cysticercus is spherical, measuring 1-2 cm in diameter, and ... Cysticerci are usually formed within 70 days and may continue to grow for a year. Humans are also accidental secondary hosts ...

*T. Bhaskara Menon

Tissue reactions to Cysticercus cellulosae in man. T. Bhaskara Menon, and G.D Veliath, Transactions of the Royal Society of ...

*Taeniasis

In pigs, the cysticercus can produce cysticercosis. Cysts develop in liver and lungs. (T. saginata does not cause cysticercosis ... Infection is acquired by eating undercooked beef and pork that contain the fluid-filled cysticerci of the tapeworms. The adult ... Refrigeration, freezing (−10 °C for 9 days) or long periods of salting is also lethal to cysticerci. Inspection of beef and ... For example, cooking (56 °C for 5 minutes) of beef viscera destroys cysticerci. ...

*Cysticercosis

Cysticerci can develop in any voluntary muscles in humans. Invasion of muscle by cysticerci can cause myositis, with fever, ... The larvae enter bloodstream and invade host tissues, where they further develop into larvae called cysticerci. The cysticercus ... Antibodies to cysticerci can be demonstrated in serum by EITB (Enzyme Linked Immunotransfer Blot) assay and in CSF by ELISA. An ... In some cases, cysticerci may be found in the eyeball, extraocular muscles, and under the conjunctiva (subconjunctiva). ...

*Taenia asiatica

... which are contaminated with the infective larva called cysticercus. Cysticercus develops into adult tapeworm in human intestine ... Cysticercus grows into adult in about 2.5 to 4 months, by the time gravid proglottids are found in faeces. Pigs and wild boars ... In pigs cysticercus has a tendency to produce cyticercosis. Cysts are formed in vital organs such as liver and lungs. In ... The cysticerci of T. asiatica are typically smaller than those of other human taenids. They possess two rows of rudimentary ...

*Taenia saginata

The cysticercus of T. saginata is specifically named cysticercus bovis to differentiate from that of T. solium, cysticercus ... Thus, they become fluid-filled cysticerci. Cysterci can also form in lungs and liver. The inner membrane of the cysticercus ... Humans contract infective cysticerci by eating raw or undercooked meat. Once reaching the jejunum, the inverted scolex becomes ... Refrigeration, freezing (-10 °C for 9 days) or long periods of salting is lethal to cysticerci. Inspection of beef and proper ...

*Taeniidae

An example is either cysticercoid, cysticercus, or a hydatid cyst. The definitive host is infected when the metacestode is ...

*Helminthic therapy

... commonly known as rat tapeworm cysticerci. While the latter four species may be considered to be mutualists - providing benefit ...

*Taenia pisiformis

When the worm reaches the liver the larva transforms into a cysticercus form. This cysticercus will stay in the liver for about ... Once ingested the cysticercus finds its way into the intestine and attaches to the intestinal wall with hooks and suckers. ... This shape is called a cysticercus, that is part of the metacestodes stage of life. The ones found in the liver form these ... The larval stage is often referred to as Cysticercus pisiformis and is found on the livers and peritoneal cavities of the ...

*Taenia hydatigena

The cysticercus, the larval form, travels and persists in the liver for 18 - 30 days, then burrows out into the peritoneal ... After the animal dies, a necropsy is performed to see if cysticerci are found in the abdominal cavity of sheep and goats. ... Computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used to identify cysticerci in the brain. An x-ray scan ... When the sheep viscera is scavenged and the scavenger ingests the cysticercus, the protoscolex attaches to the small intestinal ...

*Friedrich Küchenmeister

In the later 1850s, he carried out an experiment demonstrating this by feeding pork containing cysticerci of Taenia solium to ... ISBN 0-684-85638-7. Küchenmeister, F. The Cysticercus cellulosus transformed within the organism of man into Taenia solium. ...

*Meat Industry Association of New Zealand

The OML provides a programme promoting control of Cysticercus ovis (sheep measles) in livestock. "Slide 1" (PDF). Retrieved 5 ...

*Suya

Mosimabale, FO; Belino, ED (Dec 1980). "The recovery of viable Taenia saginata cysticerci in grilled beef, "suya", in Nigeria ...

*Infectious causes of cancer

Cysticercus fasciolaris, the larval form of the common tapeworm of the cat, Taenia taeniaformis, causes cancer in rats. ...

*Hymenolepis (tapeworm)

The eggs are then eaten by grain beetles where the cysticerci, or larval stage develops. Humans then can eat the bug or its ...

*Taenia (cestode)

This would have greatly increased their chances of catching the cysticerci as a result of eating uncooked meat. Also, ... invade the wall of the small intestine of the intermediate host to travel to the striated muscles to develop into cysticerci ...

*Taenia serialis

Within the tissues, the larvae (also called metacestodes) develop into cysticerci or coenuri, which are larvae that group ...

*Taenia crassiceps

The larval stages of T. crassiceps develop subcutaneously or in their body cavities as cysticerci which are cyst-like ... Rodents are natural intermediate hosts, and they harbor the cyst-like larvae (metacestodes, cysticerci) in the peritoneal ...

*Cysticercoid

A cysticercoid is the larval stage of certain tapeworms, similar in appearance to a cysticercus, but having the scolex filling ...

*Johann August Ephraim Goeze

... the similarities between the heads of tapeworms found in human intestinal tract and the invaginated heads of Cysticercus ...

*Klaus Rohde

... cysticercus). From 1960-1967, Rohde was a lecturer at the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, conducting work on the taxonomy, ...

*List of MeSH codes (B01)

... cysticercus MeSH B01.500.500.736.215.895.643 --- taenia saginata MeSH B01.500.500.736.215.895.775 --- taenia solium MeSH ...
Cysticerci meaning in french - What is the french translation meaning for cysticerci? View cysticerci meaning with french definition at wordnik dictionary.
Sentence Examples with the word muscle: Below this is a circular, and below that again a longitudinal, layer of muscle fibres.; Cysticercus cellulosae may be comparatively innocuous in a muscle or subcutaneous…
Words That End In ci: abaci,amici,arrivederci,asci,bocci,bonaci,cantatrici,capricci,cerci,cevapcici,cocci,croci,cryptococci,cysticerci,diplococci,disci,dolci,duci,echinococci,eleutherococci,enterococci,farci,fasci,flocci,f
Light micrograph of a cysticercus, an immature stage of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, in a biopsy specimen from a childs brain. Humans are the main primary host of this tapeworm, which infects some 4 million people worldwide. The eggs of the tapeworm develop into larvae in domestic pigs (hence the tapeworms name) & other animals. Humans can also act as secondary hosts, as in this case; the eggs develop into cysts containing the larval stage in various tissues of the body. These cysticerci are 1 to 2 cm in diameter when fully developed. They can cause serious damage to the brain, epilepsy being a common symptom. Magnification: x8 at 35mm size, - Stock Image Z165/0031
We are sharing a case of orbital cysticercosis,which presented to us initially with simple ptosis and later on with upper lid inflammation and restricted ocular motility in upgaze. Human cysticercosis, a parasitic infection caused by Cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of the cestode, Taenia solium, is a benign infection of the subcutaneous tissues, inter-muscular fascia, muscles and other organs. Though it exists worldwide, it is more prevalent in the developing countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa, especially in areas where under-cooked pork is consumed regularly (Pushker et al, 2001). However, 5 year study of 33 cases of Ocular/Adnexal cysticercosis showed seventy percent of patients were of low socioeconomic group and 70% were strictly vegetarians (Atul et al, 1995). The clinical manifestation of orbital cysticercosis is entirely different from neuro-cysticercosis or cysticercosis of other parts of body. Diagnosis of cysticercosis is mainly based on highly specific radiological signs and
cysticercosis definition: The condition of being infested with cysticerci.; A common parasitic infestation associated with the central nervous system, due to the ingestion of eggs or larvae of tapeworm…
RESULTS: Both hippocampal volumes were small in patients with MDD compared with healthy controls, and the right hippocampal volume was negatively correlated with the number of episodes at marginal significance. Regional shape contractions were found in the ambient gyrus, basal hippocampal head, posterior subiculum, and dorsal hippocampus of the left hemisphere. The right hippocampus showed a similar pattern but was less atrophic compared with the left hippocampus. A negative correlation was found between the HDRS and shape deformation in the CA3, ambient gyrus, posterior subiculum, and gyrus fasciolaris of the left hippocampus. ...
Background: Cysticercosis is one of the basic ailment found in creating nations. Right now, extraneural tissues are normally included synchronously or metachronously with the cerebrum. Disconnected invasion of delicate tissue and muscle without neural association is more typical than recently suspected. High resolution ultrasonography has evolved now as an investigation of choice with proven sonological patterns of soft tissue cysticercosis which can entirely negate the need for invasive interventions.. Methods: Prospective evaluation of total 12 cases of extraneural cysticercosis was carried out in the department of Radio diagnosis.. HRUSG analysis of 12 cases was done to evaluate and classify the various classic sonomorphological features of isolated cysticercosis involving soft tissue and muscles. FNAC was done only in 5 cases.. Results: Around 8 patients were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Among 8 cases, 3 were male and 5 were female patients. Three individuals ...
Looking for online definition of scolex in the Medical Dictionary? scolex explanation free. What is scolex? Meaning of scolex medical term. What does scolex mean?
Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. Husar on how are common does cysticercosis affect the nervous system: This disease is seen in poor hygiene, lack of hand washing, developping countries, but it seen even in texas. for topic: How Are Common Does Cysticercosis Affect The Nervous System
In this video, a 44-year-old man presented with progressive vision loss as a result of subretinal cysticercosis. The surgeon performed a vitrectomy to remove two cysts in the subretinal space.
Education and information about Cysticercosis for Health Professionals including information on prevention and control, symptoms and disease, medication, and diagnosis and treatment.
Specimen Type: Serum Container/Tube: SST Specimen Volume: 1 mL Collection Instructions: Draw blood in a serum gel tube(s). Spin down and send 1 mL of serum refrigerated in plastic vial.   Parallel testing is preferred and convalescent specimen must be received within 30 days from receipt of the acute specimens. Mark specimens plainly as acute or convalescent.
Schmid, S; Grimm, F; Huber, M; Beck, B; Custer, P; Bode, B (2014). Taenia crassiceps infection - an unusual presentation of a tapeworm diagnosed by FNA cytology and PCR. Cytopathology, 25(5):340-341. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Update on the Diagnosis and Management of Neurocysticercosis. AU - Webb, Camille M.. AU - White, A. Clinton. PY - 2016/12/1. Y1 - 2016/12/1. N2 - Neurocysticercosis is an important cause of seizures worldwide and is endemic in most of Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, India, and China. Neurocysticercosis has profoundly different disease manifestations varying from asymptomatic presentation to life-threatening hydrocephalus. Clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnostic methods, and optimal treatment vary with the location, number of lesions, and host response. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical presentation, neuroimaging findings, history of exposure, and serologic testing. Initial therapy should be focused on symptom management including seizure control and management of increased intracranial pressure. Emerging data are demonstrating that the optimal management approach varies with stage. Single enhancing or cystic lesions should be treated ...
Discussion. Oral lesions due to cysticercosis are very rare, in spite of the high prevalence of neurocysticercosis worldwide. In the largest Latin-American study of oral cysticercosis reported by Delgado et al.,5 the most frequently affected site was the tongue, followed by the buccal mucosa, lower lip, and the upper lip. In that study there were 16 cases retrieved from Peru, Guatemala and Mexico; of these, there were only two pediatric patients, which coincides with the rest of the literature with respect to the fact that the number of pediatric patients is lower as compared to adults affected by this disease. According to our review of the English and Spanish literature, only 31 (25%) out of 124 cases reported to date that presented complete information about age, gender and specific location (including the present series) have occurred in this age group.5-25 Of these, 14 were males and 17 females. Age ranged from 1 to 12 years, with most cases (19) located on the tongue.. The differential ...
Cysticercosis (ie, infection caused by eggs of the pork tapeworm) is an increasingly common medical problem in the United States, especially in the Southwest and other areas where large populations migrated from endemic areas and among populations that often travel to these areas. Cysticercosis is caused by the metacestode, or larval, stage ...
The present study was undertaken to study the chemical, biochemical profiles of the cystic fluid of Cysticercus tenuicollis and to assess the pathological changes in the affected organ. Cysts were collected aseptically from the goat carcasses and were subjected to different chemical and biochemical test. Twenty four cyst among them were analyzed for different chemical and biochemical constituents present in their cystic fluid. Showing results as Calcium (12.0-260.0 mg/100ml), Sodium (130.5-424.3 ppm) and Potassium (12.50-52.50 ppm) and biochemicals like Aspartate aminotransferase (0.1310-23.00 U/L), Alanine aminotransferase (1.000-86.17 U/L ...
Anyone who is exposed to tapeworm eggs can be infected. It is common in some parts of the world like Mexico, Central and South America, and India. It is becoming more common in the United States.. The eggs that cause cysticercosis are passed through the bowel movements of a person infected with the tapeworm. If feces get on food, in water, or on your hands, the eggs can be swallowed. The eggs then hatch in the stomach, enter the blood through the intestines, and stick in the brain, muscles, or eyes. ...
Neurocysticercosis (pronounced as new-row-cis-t-sir-co-cis) is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system.
Two hundred thirty-one cases of neurocysticercosis are reviewed. Diagnosis was established by cerebral computed tomography during a seven-year period (1983-1989). One hundred and fourty-four (62%) pre
Sodium, Kidney, Disease, Homeostasis, Humans, Potassium, Gene, Nephron, Mutations, Angiotensin Ii, Kinase, Angiotensin, Hypertension, and Phosphorylation
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Hormones play a significant role in murine Taenia crassiceps cysticercosis, and they may also participate in the susceptibility to Taenia solium cysticercosis. In the present study, in vitro effects are reported for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease in the central nervous system that causes cysts containing parasitic larvae of the pork tapeworm to form in the brain, which affect neural functions, cause seizures, and can be fatal in some cases. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are about 1,000 hospitalizations every year due to neurocysticercosis in the United States, with the majority of them occurring in California, New Mexico and Texas. The World Health Organization estimates that about five million people worldwide have neurocysticercosis and that 50,000 die from the disease every year. While the presence of the disease has decreased in developed countries due to industrialization and implemented health checks, cases are being diagnosed increasingly in North America, Europe and Australia due to immigration from endemic areas. Neurocysticercosis is estimated to be the cause of 50 percent of acquired epilepsy cases in developing countries and is the most common ...
Quality Cysticercosis (T. Solium) ELISA kit from ELISA kits manufacturer and elisa kits supplier: T. Solium ELISA test kit. Our kits are FDA-CE and ISO certified.
Taeniasis & Cysticercosis. In: Hay, Jr WW, Levin MJ, Deterding RR, Abzug MJ. Hay, Jr W.W., Levin M.J., Deterding R.R., Abzug M.J. Eds. William W. Hay, Jr, et al.eds. Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment Pediatrics New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accesspediatrics.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2196§ionid=167755864. Accessed December 18, 2017 ...
Material and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology and allied departments of JNMCH, Aligarh from January 2012 to June 2013. Study group comprised of 45 patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of NCC and were found to have single or multiple ring lesions on MRI. 15 controls were also included in the study. NovaTecTaeniasolium IgG ELISA was used to detect antibodies against Taeniasolium ...
article{8508426, author = {Gabri{\e}l, Sarah and Dorny, Pierre and Mwape, KE and Trevisan, C and Braae, UC and Magnussen, P and Thys, S and Bulaya, C and Phiri, IK and Sikasunge, CS and Makungu, C and Afonso, S and Nicolau, Q and Johansen, MV}, issn = {0001-706X}, journal = {ACTA TROPICA}, keyword = {HEALTH-EDUCATION INTERVENTION,RESOURCE-POOR COMMUNITIES,SYNTHETIC,PEPTIDE VACCINE,PORCINE CYSTICERCOSIS,GLOBAL BURDEN,MBEYA REGION,PIGS,OXFENDAZOLE,INFECTIONS,NEUROCYSTICERCOSIS,Taenia solium,Control,Sub-Saharan africa,One health}, language = {eng}, pages = {252--260}, title = {Control of Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis : the best way forward for sub-Saharan Africa?}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.04.010}, volume = {165}, year = {2017 ...
Definition of taenia solium in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of taenia solium. What does taenia solium mean? Information and translations of taenia solium in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Taenia spp. infections, particularly cysticercosis, cause considerable health impacts in endemic countries. Despite previous evidence of spatial clustering in cysticercosis and the role of environmental factors (e.g. temperature and humidity) in the survival of eggs, little research has explored these aspects of Taenia spp. epidemiology. In addition, there are significant gaps in our understanding of risk factors for infection in humans and pigs. This study aimed to assess the influence of socio-economic, behavioural and environmental variables on human and porcine cysticercosis. A cross-sectional survey for human taeniasis (T. solium and T. saginata), human cysticercosis (T. solium) and pig cysticercosis (T. solium) in 416 households in western Kenya was carried out. These data were linked to questionnaire responses and environmental datasets. Multi-level regression was used to examine the relationships between covariates and human and porcine cysticercosis. The HP10 Ag-ELISA sero-prevalence ...
Cysticercosis is a disease characterized by the harboring of the larval form (cysticercus) of Taenia solium in any tissue or organ. Although many sites of infection have been documented, the larvae are often found associated with the central nervous system. Presence of the cysticerci in the brain may cause increased cranial pressure, seizures and altered mental states. The disease is acquired by ingestion of T. solium eggs out of which the larvae slip in the intestine. This may happen from a number of different routes such as food contaminated with feces or contaminated water. Additionally, humans can be infected with the tapeworm itself by uptake of larvae containing meat. If eggs are set free in such tapeworm carriers, an endogenous infection with cysticercus will happen. Diagnosis of cysticercosis usually requires multiple methods such as radiography and serology. Although use of specific antigens has helped to increase ELISAs sensitivity and specificity, significant cross reactions with ...
Abstract A comparative study was conducted on membrane (M) and vesicular fluid (VF) from cysticerci of Taenia solium (Tso) obtained from naturally infected swine and the Taenia crassiceps ORF strain (Tc) maintained by experimental infection of female BALB/c mice. The study was carried out using immunoblotting to detect antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with neurocysticercosis. No reactivity was observed in the 32 samples from a control group. Of the 23 CSF fluid samples from patients with neurocysticercosis, 22 (95.6%) were reactive in the M-Tso blot and 21 (91.3%) were reactive in the other three blots (VF-Tso, M-Tc, and VF-Tc). Immunodominant peptides in each antigen were 98-92 kD, 56-52 kD, and 72-68 kD in M-Tso; 72-68 kD, 120 kD, 155 kD, 98-94 kD, 76 kD, and 115-108 kD in VF-Tso: 72 kD, 62 kD, and 42 kD in M-Tc; and 72-68 kD and 95-92 kD in VF-Tc. The cross-reactivity observed in the immunoblots performed on CSF samples from patients with neurocysticercosis indicates that the
Pork infected with Cysticerci. Infection with T. solium in the small intestine is a condition known at taeniasis. During taeniasis, a cysticercus from uncooked meat develops into an adult tapeworm, which attaches to the intestinal wall in the small intestine via its scolex and remains there to grow. Taeniasis is often asymptomatic, with the only sign being the presence of proglottids in the feces. It is easily treatable, usually with the antilhelminthetic drug Praziquantel. Taeniasis is not the main risk stemming from T. solium infection. Cysticercosis - a result of auto-infection - features far more dangerous pathogenesis in humans.. ...
Current guidelines for the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) recommend the use of the lentil lectin-bound glycoprotein enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot assay (LLGP-EITB) as the reference standard for serological testing. In response to the drawbacks involved with the use of the LLGP-EITB, a recombinant T24H antigen (rT24H) EITB assay was developed, with promising results. However, the test has yet to be evaluated among individuals from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aim of the present study was to investigate the performance of the rT24H EITB assay for the detection of NCC cases in a panel of serum samples (N = 366, of which 173 patients presented with epileptic seizures and/or severe chronic headaches, and 193 matched manifestation-free participants) collected as part of a large community-based trial in Burkina Faso ...
Cysticercosis is a disease caused by tapeworm Taenia solium. It is commonly found in developing countries, but reports of its frequent occurrences even in developed countries due to immigrants from infected areas are widely reported. When cysticercos
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Neurocysticercosis appears to be on the rise in the United States, based on immigration patterns and published cases series, including reports of domestic acquisition. We used a collaborative network of U.S. emergency departments to characterize the epidemiology of neurocysticercosis in seizure patients. Data were collected prospectively at 11 university-affiliated, geographically diverse, urban U.S. emergency departments from July 1996 to September 1998. Patients with a seizure who underwent neuroimaging were included. Of the 1,801 patients enrolled in the study, 38 (2.1%) had seizures attributable to neurocysticercosis. The disease was detected in 9 of the 11 sites and was associated with Hispanic ethnicity, immigrant status, and exposure to areas where neurocysticercosis is endemic. This disease appears to be widely distributed and highly prevalent in certain populations (e.g., Hispanic patients) and areas (e.g., Southwest ...
Nash TE, Singh G, White AC, Rajshekhar V, Loeb JA, Proaño JV, Takayanagui OM, Gonzalez AE, Butman JA, DeGiorgio C, Del Brutto OH, Delgado-Escueta A, Evans CA, Gilman RH, Martinez SM, Medina MT, Pretell EJ, Teale J, Garcia HH, 2006. Treatment of neurocysticercosis: current status and future research needs. Neurology 67: 1120-1127.[Crossref] ...
How Can Food Poisoning Be Prevented? Foods should be cooked thoroughly. This especially applies to eggs, poultry, and meat. A meat thermometer can be used to measure the internal temperature of a meat dish.. Food poisoning most commonly causes:. abdominal cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea. Cysticercosis (pork tapeworm infection) facts Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by ingesting the eggs of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Human tapeworm infection (taeniasis) occurs after ingesting raw or undercooked pork, and cysticercosis occurs after the ingestion of Taenia solium eggs. The symptoms of neurocysticercosis may include headaches, confusion, seizures, and vision changes. Cysticercosis is typically diagnosed based on the patients symptoms and imaging study results. Blood work is sometimes useful. Cysticercosis may be treated with medications, including anthelmintics, corticosteroids, and anticonvulsants, while some patients may require surgery. Cysticercosis can lead to neurologic and ...
inproceedings{2000645, author = {Praet, N and Coral-Almeida, M and Benitez-Ortiz, W and Rodriguez-Hidalgo, R and Celi, M and Gabri{\e}l, Sarah and Speybroeck, N and Dorny, Pierre}, booktitle = {TROPICAL MEDICINE \& INTERNATIONAL HEALTH}, issn = {1360-2276}, language = {eng}, location = {Barcelona, Spain}, number = {suppl. 1}, pages = {170--170}, title = {Incidence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in southern Ecuador : a longitudinal community-based study}, volume = {16}, year = {2011 ...
en] Taenia solium cysticercosis is an endemic zoonosis in many developing countries. Serological tests are the most appropriate diagnostic tools to understand the transmission dynamics of the parasite, but the performances of these methods in such a setting are not known. A south Ecuadorian human population living in an endemic area was tested using three common serological tests. Because none of them is a gold standard, a Bayesian Latent Class analysis was used to estimate the test characteristics. Two definitions of a case were considered to differentiate between prevalence of current infection and prior exposure to the parasite. Differences between the performances of the same test in function of the definition of a case were observed. This study shows that test results and prior information should be interpreted carefully in a Bayesian analysis framework, particularly when the latter is based on clinical studies ...
Unfortunately, humans are susceptible to becoming intermediate, albeit dead-end, hosts in the T. solium life cycle. This condition, known as cysticercosis, is not acquired from eating pork. It is very serious when the larvae encyst in the brain (neurocysticercosis) or the orbit.(6) Human ingestion of taenia eggs may be linked to contaminated food or water, or via person-to person transmission of infective eggs through the oral-fecal route. In the United States, most cases of cysticercosis are diagnosed among immigrants and seasonal workers from rural areas of Latin America, Asia, and Africa with endemic cysticercosis. However, cases of locally acquired cysticercosis have been documented in several states.(5,6) Interestingly, orbital cysticercosis has a special predilection for children and young adults and should be included in the differential diagnosis of dermoid cysts. Knowledge of the natural course of the cysticercosis is important while conducting the diagnostic work-up of orbital cysts. ...
To the Editor: Neurocysticercosis is recognised globally as a major cause of secondary or acquired epilepsy. In southern Africa, it is said to be a common cause of juvenile epilepsy. The prevalence of cysticercosis in endemic areas of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa (SA) is estimated at 64.6% (Krecek et al. 2008), while that of neurocysticercosis is estimated at 61% (Ocana et al. 2009).
Cysticercosis is a systemic illness caused by dissemination of the larval form of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Encystment of larvae can occur in almost any tissue.
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Thomas, Lian F.; de Glanville, Will; Cook, Elizabeth A. J.; De C. Bronsvoort, Barend M.; Handel, Ian; Wamae, Claire N.; Kariuki, Samuel; Fèvre, Eric M. 2017. Modelling the risk of Taenia solium exposure from pork produced in western Kenya. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 11 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005371 ...
Figure 5: Light and electron micrographs of sections of the bladder wall of cysticerci incubated for 1 hour with PBS ((a) and (c)) and PLC ((b) and (d)) and probed with WGA-peroxidase ...
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A metacestode is the larval stage of a tapeworm, found in an intermediate host. Examples include cysticerci, cysticercoids, and hydatid cysts. Cysticercoid Cysticercus ...
A 2 year old boy from El Paso was in good health until he began experiencing mild rhinorrhea and cough, followed by acute onset of left sided weakness. Lumbar puncture revealed a pleocytosis of 111 WBC. MRI revealed diffuse contrast-enhancing lesions with surrounding edema throughout the bilateral cortex, midbrain, pons and cerebellum, thought to be consistent with cysticerci. The patient was managed with albendazole therapy and intravenous steroids, and improved sufficiently to be discharged home. A week later, he worsened again and presented with hemiparesis, ataxia and inability to handle secretions. By MRI, the lesions had increased in size. Pertinent history includes regular travel to Mexico, but no known sick contacts at home and no known TB in the family. A biopsy was performed ...
In the case described by Ng et al,1 criteria for definitive diagnosis had already been fulfilled: cranial magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated pathognomonic features of a typical single enhancing cyst with perilesional oedema and radiographical evidence of a scolex. The presence of an absolute diagnostic criterion, supported by clinical and epidemiological data, would have safely allowed for empirical medical therapy and observation for lesion disappearance or reduction with antiparasitic treatment, perhaps forgoing the need for invasive neurosurgical procedures and accompanying costs, complications, and discomfort.5 ...
Diagnosis Code B69 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a disease caused by central nervous system infection by the larval stage of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. In developing countries, NCC is a leading cause of adult-onset epilepsy. Case reports of NCC are increasing among refugees resettled to the United States and other nations, but the underlying prevalence among refugee groups is unknown. We tested stored serum samples from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Migrant Serum Bank for antibodies against T. solium cysts by using the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot. Seroprevalence was high among all 4 populations tested: refugees from Burma (23.2%), Lao Peoples Democratic Republic (18.3%), Bhutan (22.8%), and Burundi (25.8%). Clinicians caring for refugee populations should suspect NCC in patients with seizure, chronic headache, or unexplained neurologic manifestations. Improved understanding of the prevalence of epilepsy and other associated diseases among refugees could guide recommendations for their
2003) Book Review. Taenia solium Cysticercosis. From Basic to Clinical Science (ed. Singh, G. & Prabhakar, S.), pp. 457. CABI Publishing, UK, 2002. Parasitology, 126 . p. 570. ...
Taeniasis is a parasitic disease due to infection with tapeworms belonging to the genus Taenia. The two most important human pathogens in the genus are Taenia solium (the pork tapeworm) and Taenia saginata (the beef tapeworm). The third species Taenia asiatica is found only in East Asia. Taeniasis is generally asymptomatic, but severe infection causes weight loss, dizziness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, headaches, nausea, constipation, chronic indigestion, and loss of appetite. A type of taeniasis called cysticercosis is caused by accidental infection with the eggs of T. solium from contaminated food and water. It is known as the most pathogenic form caused by tapeworms. A specific form of cysticercosis called neurocysticercosis is said to be the most common infection of the central nervous system. Taeniasis is generally asymptomatic and is diagnosed when a portion of the worm is passed in the stool. It is not fatal, although cysticercosis can cause epilepsy and neurocysticercosis can be fatal. ...
Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by Taenia solium. Both people and pigs can become infected with the larvae or cysts of the parasite by faecal-oral contamination. Cysts are often located in the central nervous system (CNS), causing neurocysticercosis (NCC). Although some patients are asymptomatic, manifestations more commonly range from mild headaches to seizures, which are the main clinical feature of NCC.1 Death can occur, and it is estimated that 50 million NCC infections and 50 000 NCC-related deaths occur annually worldwide.2-4 NCC is rare in Eastern and Central Europe, North America (with the exception of Mexico), Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Israel and the Muslim countries of Africa and Asia. In Latin America and other countries in Asia and Africa, NCC is endemic and poses a serious public health problem.5-7 A high prevalence has been reported in immigrant populations in the southwestern USA and South Africa.8. NCC may present with a variety of clinical manifestations, so ...
T Lymphocytes T 림프구 Tablet drugs 알약 Tachycardia, Sinus tachycardia, Pathologic tachycardia 빈맥, 동성 빈맥, 병적 빈맥 Taenia saginata infection 무구 조충증(무구 촌층 증) Taenia saginata 무구 조충 Taenia solium infection 유구 조충증 (유구 촌층증) Taenia solium 돼지 조충 Taenia solium 유구 조충 Taeniasis (Tapeworm diseases) 촌충증(촌충 감염/조충증/조충류 감...
T Lymphocytes T 림프구 Tablet drugs 알약 Tachycardia, Sinus tachycardia, Pathologic tachycardia 빈맥, 동성 빈맥, 병적 빈맥 Taenia saginata infection 무구 조충증(무구 촌층 증) Taenia saginata 무구 조충 Taenia solium infection 유구 조충증 (유구 촌층증) Taenia solium 돼지 조충 Taenia solium 유구 조충 Taeniasis (Tapeworm diseases) 촌충증(촌충 감염/조충증/조충류 감...
Taenia solium has been ranked as the most important foodborne parasite and Taenia saginata as the most commonly found human Taenia tapeworm worldwide. The last official reports of taeniosis from Estonia were in 2003 for T. solium and 2012 for T. saginata. By law, all animal cases of cysticercosis must be registered and reported when found. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of cysticercosis in Estonia caused by T. solium in pigs and T. saginata in cattle. The four slaughterhouses participating in the study slaughter between them approximately 80% of pigs and cattle in Estonia annually ...
We read with interest the case report on occasional resolution of calcified neurocysticercosis cysts on follow-up brain CT scans by Meneses Quiroz et al.1 In 1985, one of us (PKS) reported 11 patients from India with appearing and disappearing CT lesions and seizures.2 At that time, CT scan technology in India was still primitive and images were of low resolution. We reported both low-attenuation and mixed-attenuation lesions (high-attenuation lesion with perifocal edema) in brain parenchyma. In our patients, CT scan lesions disappeared without any specific therapy other than anticonvulsants, causing us to speculate about the underlying etiology of these lesions. We considered cysticercosis, tuberculosis, cryptic cerebral vascular malformations, a functional rather than a structural lesion (postictal edema), and a focal encephalitis peculiar to the Indian subcontinent as possible etiologies. In hindsight, what we reported in 1985 as appearing and disappearing CT scan abnormalities were calcified ...
Seizures are the most common clinical manifestation of cerebral cysticercosis and occur in the presence of viable, dying, and calcified or non-calcified dead cysts. How calcified cysts provoke seizures is not known but recent observations demonstrated edema around some calcified lesions at the time of seizure activity and disappearance during periods when seizures were not occurring. Edema associated with foci in idiopathic epilepsy is highly unusual so that this observation suggests that the mechanism(s) associated with calcified cysts is unique. Documenting and understanding this phenomenon is important for a number of reasons. First, although by definition these lesions are inactive, e.g., not living larvae and do not require anti-parasitic treatment, they are frequently mistaken for active lesions and patients undergo unnecessary treatment. Second, a likely reason for perilesional edema is intermittent antigen release and subsequent host immune response resulting in inflammation and edema. ...
This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and related risk factors of porcine cysticercosis (caused by Taenia solium) and African swine fever (ASF) in domestic pigs, and assesses the state of pork inspection ...
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Taenia solium metacestode, a larval pork tapeworm, is a causative agent of neurocysticercosis, one of the most common parasitic diseases in the human central nervous system. In this study, we identified a cDNA encoding for a cathepsin L-like cysteine protease from the T solium metacestode (TsCL-1) and characterized the biochemical properties of the recombinant enzyme. The cloned cDNA of 1216 bp encoded 339 amino acids with an approximate molecular weight of 37.6 kDa which containing a typical signal peptide sequence (17 amino acids), a pro-domain (106 amino acids), and a mature domain (216 amino acids). Sequence alignments of TsCL-1 showed low sequence similarity of 27.3-44.6 to cathepsin L-like cysteine proteases from other helminth parasites, but the similarity was increased to 35.9-55.0 when compared to mature domains. The bacterially expressed recombinant protein (rTsCL-1) did not show enzyme activity; however, the rTsCL-1 expressed in Pichia pastoris showed typical biochemical ...
Taenia solium, a zoonotic tapeworm, is responsible for about a third of all preventable epilepsy human cases in endemic regions. In Europe, adequate biosecurity of pig housing and meat inspection practices have decreased the incidence of T. solium taeniosis and cysticercosis. Pigs slaughtered at home may have been raised in suboptimal biosecurity conditions and slaughtered without meat inspection. As a result, consumption of undercooked pork from home slaughtered pigs could pose a risk for exposure to T. solium. The aim of this study was to quantify the risk of human T. solium exposure from meat of home slaughtered pigs, in comparison to controlled slaughtered pigs, in European countries. A quantitative microbial risk assessment model (QMRA) was developed and porcine cysticercosis prevalence data, the percentage of home slaughtered pigs, meat inspection sensitivity, the cyst distribution in pork and pork consumption in five European countries, Bulgaria, Germany, Poland, Romania and Spain, were included
Taeniasis is a parasitic disease due to infection with tapeworms belonging to the genus Taenia. Three tapeworm species cause taeniasis in humans, Taenia solium, Taenia saginata and Taenia asiatica.. On todays show, I will be talking to my guest, Parasitology teacher, author and friend of the show, Rosemary Drisdelle about the beef tapeworm, Taenia saginata.. Parasites: Tales of Humanitys Most Unwelcome Guests. ...
1 Identifying probable cases of neurocysticercosis at an urban community hospital in Los Angeles through active surveillance: A local application addressing the under-reporting of a WHO "major neglected disease" Jennifer Garland RN, MSN, PHN, PhD (c.) Jennifer Bradbury RN, BSN, PHN UCLA School of Nursing Results Conclusion Backgroun d Methods Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the central nervous system caused by the presence of larval stage, Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. It is a major cause of worldwide epilepsy and disability. Methods: A pilot study was conducted at a community hospital in urban Los Angeles utilizing active surveillance to identify probable cases of NCC (defined by Del Brutto, et al. 2001) by reviewing CT Brain scan reports and the corresponding medical records from January 1, 2012 to August 18, 2012. Authors identified probable cases through verbage on CT Brain scan reports. Examples: "large calcification consistent with old cysticercosis" "probable old ...
Following confirmation that a remote village of approximately 300 inhabitants in northern Lao PDR was hyperendemic for the Neglected Tropical Disease Taenia solium, a pilot human-porcine therapeutic control intervention was implemented between October 2013 and November 2014. Mass drug administration with a three day albendazole 400 mg protocol was offered to all eligible humans in October 2013 and March 2014. At these times, and again in October 2014, eligible village pigs received the anti-cysticercosis TSOL18 vaccination and an oral dose of oxfendazole anthelmintic at 30 mg/kg, both repeated one month later. Community and individual human taeniasis prevalences were estimated via copro-antigen ELISA of volunteered human faecal samples prior to October 2013, and again in January 2015, in order to examine the short term impact of the intervention.. Pre and post intervention analysis demonstrated a 78.7% decrease in crude prevalence within the target area during this time, from 30.6% (95% C.I. ...
Anatomical distribution and characterisation of cysts. The liver, shoulder, tongue, heart and masseter harboured at least one cyst. Shoulder muscles were the most frequently infected (30.5%), followed by the liver (22.6%) and tongue (18.5%) (see Table 3). Among the 177 cattle harbouring metacestodes of T. saginata (see Table 1), 131 (74.0%) had at least one cyst in a single organ or muscle whereas the remaining 46 (26.0%) had cysticerci in more than one organ or muscle.. The number of cysts found in a given organ or muscle ranged from one to nine; the highest number was recorded in the shoulder muscle. Among the different parts affected, shoulder muscles, liver and heart together accounted for 65.4%, 66.0% and 65.4% relative prevalence, cyst count and relative viability respectively (see Table 3 and Table 4).. Out of 661 cysts examined, 185 (28.0%), 284 (43.0%) and 192 (29.0%) were found to be viable, non-viable and calcified, respectively. The highest relative viability was recorded in the ...
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Diagnosis Code B68.1 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Unlike cysticercosis, another item of Latin American import, Chagas is not combated with basic hygienic practices. The former is brought into the US by immigrants from communities that allow pigs to eat human feces. The population then eats the swine, contracts the infectious tapeworm, and transmits it through contact with food (the spreading of which can largely be prevented by regular hand-washing and laundering of clothes). Filthy as the transmission of cysticercosis is, Chagas is worse because its not as easily preventable, and even the strongest anti-protozoal drugs rarely eliminate the parasite completely ...
Mature tapeworms release gravid proglottids in the stool which release eggs into the stool, which can remain active in sewage for several ...
Dr. Evans K. Mwape. SOLID-PROJECT_Evaluating a point of care test for the diagnosis of taeniosis and cysticercosis both at community level and rural health level. European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP). ...
I was prescribed with this med to treat some kind of infection, my doctor called it neurocysticercosis. I had horrible headaches and seizures. It was next to unbearable and I wanted to get rid of these parasites as soon as possible. But I still couldnt find a medication that will provide me with the long-awaited relief, until one day my doctor prescribed me with Albenza. At first I wasnt sure if I could afford it but then he persuaded me that the drug is very effective and it could bring my sufferings to an end. And Albenza did! I got rid of the worms and no Im absolutely healthy due to this amazing drug! Thanks to Albenza ...
RIVERA-GUERRERO, Ma Isabel et al. Effects of some chemical and physical agents on the metacestode Taenia solium in spicy meat and sausage. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2004, vol.46, n.5, pp.425-429. ISSN 0036-3634.. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of different cooking times and temperatures, as well as of some seasonings, on the viability of Taenia solium metacestodes in spicy meat and hot sausage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted by the Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero (Guerrero State Autonomous University), Mexico in 1999. Infected pork meat was bought in the community of Azacoaloya, in the municipality of Chilapa de Alvarez, Guerrero State. It was used to prepare spicy meat (adobada) and hot sausage (chorizo). Only the meat in which metacestode viability was proven was used. The products obtained underwent a) room temperature for 12 to 100 hours; b) temperatures of -10 to 37ºC for 24 hours; c) boiling (97ºC) from 1 to 15 minutes. To determine the effect of the seasonings, ...
In recent years, studies concerning acidic ribosomal P2 proteins of parasites have mainly focused on Trypanosoma cruzi [37-39], Cryptosporidium parvum [29, 40], Toxoplasma gondii and Plasmodium falciparum [41, 42]. These studies confirmed that P2 protein could induce hosts to produce a strong humoral immune response, and the protein appears to constitute a potential target for host cell invasion inhibition in both T. gondii and P. falciparum infections [29, 41, 42]. Knowledge of P2 protein is very limited for the family Taeniidae, although there are few preliminary studies on T. solium [43-45] which confirmed that P2 is a main pathogenic factor of human cysticercosis, and demonstrated that a P2 fusion protein expressed in E. coli could be used as a diagnostic antigen for human neurocysticercosis [43]. In addition, Luo et al. (2003) [44] and Su et al. (2003) [45] showed that the recombinant P2 proteins of T. solium expressed in E. coli and Pichia pastoris were good immunogens. In the present ...
Taenia saginata, also known as Taenia rhynchus saginata or the beef tape worm, is a parasite of both cattle and humans, which can only reproduce in humans. T. saginata occurs where cattle is raised, human feces is improperly disposed off, meat inspection programs are poor, and where meat is eaten without proper cooking. Of the 32 recognized species of Taenia, only Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are medically important. However, recent epidemiologic studies in Southeast Asia have identified a third Taenia species in humans, known as the Asian species 1,2 . Approximately 50 million people worldwide are infected by T saginata or T solium.. T. saginata is common in cattle-breeding regions. Areas with the highest (i.e. ,10%) prevalence are central Asia, the Near East, and central and eastern Africa 3 . Most individuals with taeniasis are either asymptomatic or have mild-to-moderate complaints.. Humans develop a tape-worm infection by eating raw or undercooked beef or pork. The cysticercus becomes ...
Brain abscess, another differential considered by the authors, seems unlikely in the absence of fever. Malignant glioma was another consideration but the lesion was so well demarcated it was dismissed by the authors. In such a case of a young male who was resident in a cysticercosis-endemic area and who had characteristic neuroimaging findings, therapy for NCC in the form of steroids and cysticidal therapy was warranted. There seems to have been no indication for proceeding with craniotomy to excise the lesion. In addition, the patient had no seizures, precluding refractory epilepsy as a justification for surgical intervention. If the entire lesion with firm capsule was excised as stated, and in the absence of any other documented NCC lesion or cysticercosis at any other site such as soft tissue or muscle, there would have been no reason to prescribe cysticidal therapy ...
Tapeworm eggs are shed through the feces of humans. From there, the eggs could somehow contaminate food, drinking water or even dirty bathroom areas. You could accidentally touch something contaminated with the eggs and then put your fingers in your mouth and ingest them. Once these tapeworm eggs reach the stomach, they hatch and spread through the body via the bloodstream and get into the intestine or develop cysts in the brain, eyes or muscles.. When the tapeworm creates a cyst in the muscles, you will not likely experience any symptoms. However, you may feel bumps under the skin which are the cysts. In the eyes, a cyst from one of these pork tapeworms could impair vision by floating around. An infection could result as well causing a detached retina or general swelling.. A cyst in the brain has the potential to be quite serious. Headaches are common as are seizures. Swelling in the brain could occur as well. Many people experience general confusion, balance issues and attention deficit ...
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Cysticercus | definition of cysticercus by Medical dictionaryCysticercus | definition of cysticercus by Medical dictionary

... cysticercus explanation free. What is cysticercus? Meaning of cysticercus medical term. What does cysticercus mean? ... Looking for online definition of cysticercus in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to cysticercus: Cysticercus cellulosae. cysticercus. [sis″tĭ-ser´kus] (pl. cysticer´ci) (Gr.) a larval form of tapeworm ... cysticercus. (sĭs′tĭ-sûr′kəs). n. pl. cysticer·ci (-sī′) The larval stage of many tapeworms, consisting of a single invaginated ...
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CYST - Overview: Cysticercus Antibody, ELISA (CSF)CYST - Overview: Cysticercus Antibody, ELISA (CSF)

Cysticercus Antibody, ELISA (CSF). Aliases Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching. Cysticercosis AB, ...
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Cysticercus - WikipediaCysticercus - Wikipedia

Cysticercus (pl. cysticerci) is a scientific name given to the young tapeworms (larvae) belonging to the genus Taenia. It is a ... as Cysticercus ovis, that of ruminant tapeworm (T. krabbei) as Cysticercus tarandi, and that of the dog tapeworm (T. crassiceps ... Cysticercus was discovered in the late 17th century CE as a parasitic bladder. It was believed to be a different organism from ... A cysticercus is a bladder-like transparent vesicle. It is composed of two main parts: the vesicular wall and a scolex. The ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cysticercus

Cysticerci of Taenia mustelae in the Fox SquirrelCysticerci of Taenia mustelae in the Fox Squirrel

R. F. Langham, R. L. Rausch, and J. F. Williams "Cysticerci of Taenia mustelae in the Fox Squirrel," Journal of Wildlife ... R. F. Langham, R. L. Rausch, J. F. Williams "Cysticerci of Taenia mustelae in the Fox Squirrel," Journal of Wildlife Diseases, ... the parasites were identified as cysticerci of Taenia mustelae. This is the first report in this host. The parasites were ...
more infohttps://bioone.org/journals/Journal-of-Wildlife-Diseases/volume-26/issue-2/0090-3558-26.2.295/Cysticerci-of-Taenia-mustelae-in-the-Fox-Squirrel/10.7589/0090-3558-26.2.295.full

Cysticercus | Article about Cysticercus by The Free DictionaryCysticercus | Article about Cysticercus by The Free Dictionary

Find out information about Cysticercus. A larva of tapeworms in the order Cyclophyllidea that has a bladder with a single ... Related to Cysticercus: Cysticercus cellulosae. cysticercus. [¦sis·tə′sər·kəs] (invertebrate zoology) A larva of tapeworms in ... Cysticercus. a larval stage of tapeworms. The cysticercus resembles a cyst whose wall is retracted in one place to form the ... Cysticercus , Article about Cysticercus by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Cysticercus ...
more infohttps://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Cysticercus

Racemose Cysticercus in Human Brain | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and HygieneRacemose Cysticercus in Human Brain | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Inasmuch as there were no scolices or rostellar hooks present the parasite was identified as a racemose cysticercus which could ... or an aberrant cysticercus of Taenia solium or of a different species of Taenia. Most of the parasite was removed surgically ... Racemose Cysticercus in Human Brain A Case Report* * R. C. Jung, M. A. Rodriguez, P. C. Beaver, J. E. Schenthal, R. W. Levy ... Inasmuch as there were no scolices or rostellar hooks present the parasite was identified as a racemose cysticercus which could ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1981.30.620

LM of Taenia solium cysticercus in human brain. - Stock Image Z165/0031 - Science Photo LibraryLM of Taenia solium cysticercus in human brain. - Stock Image Z165/0031 - Science Photo Library

These cysticerci are 1 to 2 cm in diameter when fully developed. They can cause serious damage to the brain, epilepsy being a ... Light micrograph of a cysticercus, an immature stage of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, in a biopsy specimen from a childs ... These cysticerci are 1 to 2 cm in diameter when fully developed. They can cause serious damage to the brain, epilepsy being a ... Caption: Light micrograph of a cysticercus, an immature stage of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, in a biopsy specimen from a ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/366272/view

Cysticercus pisiformis | definition of Cysticercus pisiformis by Medical dictionaryCysticercus pisiformis | definition of Cysticercus pisiformis by Medical dictionary

What is Cysticercus pisiformis? Meaning of Cysticercus pisiformis medical term. What does Cysticercus pisiformis mean? ... Looking for online definition of Cysticercus pisiformis in the Medical Dictionary? Cysticercus pisiformis explanation free. ... Cysticercus ovis. the larval stage of taeniaovis, a tapeworm of dogs and wild carnivores. The cysticerci are found in the ... Cysticercus bovis. larval stage of taeniasaginata, a tapeworm of humans. The cysticerci are found in the muscles and other ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Cysticercus+pisiformis

Different effects of chorionic gonadotropin on Taenia crassiceps and Taenia solium cysticerci cultured in vitro.Different effects of chorionic gonadotropin on Taenia crassiceps and Taenia solium cysticerci cultured in vitro.

Cysticercus / drug effects*, physiology. Female. Male. Mice. Reproduction / drug effects. Swine. Taenia solium / drug effects, ... hCG or mouse luteinizing hormone could be recognized by the cysticerci as mitogenic factors and contribute to the female and ... hCG effectively promotes parasite reproduction, i.e., it increases the number of buds on T. crassiceps cysticerci and the ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Different-effects-chorionic-gonadotropin-Taenia/18314702.html

The Morphology and Pathogenicity of the Bladder Worms: Cysticercus cellulosae and Cysticercus bovis, Book by J. Slais ...The Morphology and Pathogenicity of the Bladder Worms: Cysticercus cellulosae and Cysticercus bovis, Book by J. Slais ...

Buy the Paperback Book The Morphology and Pathogenicity of the Bladder Worms by J. Slais at Indigo.ca, Canadas largest bookstore. + Get Free Shipping on Health and Well Being books over $25!
more infohttps://www.chapters.indigo.ca/en-ca/books/the-morphology-and-pathogenicity-of/9789061932505-item.html

VISCOEXPRESSION OF LARGE FREE FLOATING CYSTICERCUS CYST FROM THE ANTERIOR CHAMBER OF THE EYE BY DOUBLE INCISION TECHNIQUEVISCOEXPRESSION OF LARGE FREE FLOATING CYSTICERCUS CYST FROM THE ANTERIOR CHAMBER OF THE EYE BY DOUBLE INCISION TECHNIQUE

Home » VISCOEXPRESSION OF LARGE FREE FLOATING CYSTICERCUS CYST FROM THE ANTERIOR CHAMBER OF THE EYE BY DOUBLE INCISION ... VISCOEXPRESSION OF LARGE FREE FLOATING CYSTICERCUS CYST FROM THE ANTERIOR CHAMBER OF THE EYE BY DOUBLE INCISION TECHNIQUE. ... Microscopical examination of the cyst revealed presence of only one hooklet suggestive of T. solium cysticercus. Mitochondrial ...
more infohttp://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/33381181/viscoexpression-large-free-floating-cysticercus-cyst-from-anterior-chamber-eye-by-double-incision-technique

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health - prevalence, financial impact and public health significance of cysticercus...Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health - prevalence, financial impact and public health significance of cysticercus...

Out of 480 inspected animals, 20 animals had varying number of Cysticercus bovis with prevalence of 4.2% (20/480). Cyst ... Prevalence, financial impact and public health significance of Cysticercus bovis at Bahir Dar Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia. ... Out of 480 inspected animals, 20 animals had varying number of Cysticercus bovis with prevalence of 4.2% (20/480). Cyst ...
more infohttps://academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/06B343B66943

Clinicoradiological and pathological correlations in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma and epilepsy: focus on...Clinicoradiological and pathological correlations in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma and epilepsy: focus on...

The intact or degenerated form of the cysticercus was evident in 22 of 43 specimens. Neither the duration of seizures (P = 0.17 ... The findings point to the varied and unpredictable natural history of solitary cysticercus granulomas and the complex nature of ... A study of the clinical, radiological, and pathological correlations in 43 patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma and ... Clinicoradiological and pathological correlations in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma and epilepsy: focus on ...
more infohttps://jnnp.bmj.com/content/59/3/284

Evaluation of cysticercus-specific IgG (total and subclasses) and IgE antibody responses in cerebrospinal fluid samples from...Evaluation of cysticercus-specific IgG (total and subclasses) and IgE antibody responses in cerebrospinal fluid samples from...

Evaluation of cysticercus-specific IgG (total and subclasses) and IgE antibody responses in cerebrospinal fluid samples from ... Vesicular fluid (VF) from T. solium cysticerci was used as the antigen preparation in the ELISAs. The VF was obtained as ... This detection was based on an ELISA standardized with VF from T. solium cysticerci. VF appears to be suitable for antibody ... Human neurocysticercosis, a severe disease caused by the presence of Taenia solium cysticerci in the central nervous system ( ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0004-282X2013000200009&lng=en&tlng=en

Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States - Volume 18, Number 3...Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States - Volume 18, Number 3...

Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States On This Page ... Age- and sex-adjusted seroprevalence of antibodies against Taenia solium cysticerci, by refugee camp among US-bound refugees ... Age- and sex-adjusted seroprevalence of antibodies against Taenia solium cysticerci, by refugee camp among US-bound refugees ... Geographic location and background of refugee populations sampled for antibodies against Taenia solium cysticerci by using the ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/18/3/11-1367

Table 1 - Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States - Volume 18,...Table 1 - Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States - Volume 18,...

Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States Seth E. ONeal. , John ... Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Taenia solium Cysticerci among Refugees Resettled in United States. ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/18/3/11-1367-t1

Budding of Taenia crassiceps Cysticerci In Vitro Is Promoted by Crowding in Addition to Hormonal, Stress, and Energy-Related...Budding of Taenia crassiceps Cysticerci In Vitro Is Promoted by Crowding in Addition to Hormonal, Stress, and Energy-Related...

10%-20%) is the subpopulation of tiny (0.1-0.3 mm) nonbudded motile and transparent cysticerci, from which 10 cysticerci are ... as defined by the time it takes a resting cysticercus to start budding plus the time taken for a bud to become a cysticercus ... It is from this subpopulation of tiny nonbudded cysticerci that the cysticerci employed in this in vitro study of their budding ... Figure 1: Sum of all buds in each well (∑ buds) of Taenia crassiceps cysticerci at three different parasite densities. The sum ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2010/510978/

Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (Allg. Zeits., Bd. 64, H. 2.) Cramer | The British...Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (Allg. Zeits., Bd. 64, H. 2.) Cramer | The British...

Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (Allg. Zeits., Bd. 64, H. 2.) Cramer ... Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (Allg. Zeits., Bd. 64, H. 2.) Cramer ... Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (Allg. Zeits., Bd. 64, H. 2.) Cramer ... Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (Allg. Zeits., Bd. 64, H. 2.) Cramer ...
more infohttp://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/55/228/121.2

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Elisa) for the Detection of Antibody...The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Elisa) for the Detection of Antibody...

Serum antibody to cysticercus was detected in 79% of classical neurocysticercosis patients from Mexico, and in 61% of a group ... for the detection of antibody to cysticerci of Taenia solium has been developed that employs a pork muscle antigen control for ... the cysticercus test antigen, somewhat improving the serological distinction between infected and uninfected subjects. ... Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Elisa) for the Detection of Antibody to Cysticerci of Taenia Solium * Arwin R. Diwan*,†, ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1982.31.364

Multi-test analysis and model-based estimation of the prevalence of Taenia saginata cysticercus infection in naturally infected...Multi-test analysis and model-based estimation of the prevalence of Taenia saginata cysticercus infection in naturally infected...

Multi-test analysis and model-based estimation of the prevalence of Taenia saginata cysticercus infection in naturally infected ... saginata cysticercus infection at the abattoir was estimated to be 15.6% (95% credible interval: 10-23). Based on these data, ... saginata cysticercus infection at the abattoir was estimated to be 15.6% (95% credible interval: 10-23). Based on these data, ... Multi-test analysis and model-based estimation of the prevalence of Taenia saginata cysticercus infection in naturally infected ...
more infohttp://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/81073/

Chemical and Biochemical characterization of Taenia hydatigena cysticerci in goats  -  - ScopeMed.org - Deposit for Medical...Chemical and Biochemical characterization of Taenia hydatigena cysticerci in goats - - ScopeMed.org - Deposit for Medical...

Chemical and Biochemical characterization of Taenia hydatigena cysticerci in goats S.Nath*, S.Pal, P.K.Sanyal, R.C.Ghosh and S. ... Key words: Cysticercus tenuicollis, Cystic fluid, Histopathology, Zoonosis, Biochemical parameter, Chemical parameter.. ... The present study was undertaken to study the chemical, biochemical profiles of the cystic fluid of Cysticercus tenuicollis and ...
more infohttp://www.scopemed.org/?mno=2168

Cysticercus Antibody (Parasites) | Laboratory Integrated TestingCysticercus Antibody (Parasites) | Laboratory Integrated Testing

Cysticercus Antibody (Parasites). Cysticercosis is caused by infection with the larval form (cysticercus) of the pork tapeworm ... Cysticercus Antibody (Parasites). $120. Average competitors price $249. Pricing based on average direct to consumer pricing. ... Clinical manifestations of cysticercosis most commonly result from the lodging of cysticerci in brain and neural tissue. Common ... Antibodies from other parasitic infections, especially echinococcosis, may cross-react in the Cysticercus IgG ELISA. ...
more infohttp://laboratoryintegratedtesting.com/product/Arsenic-Urine

Cysticerci Translation Meaning in French | Wordnit DictionaryCysticerci Translation Meaning in French | Wordnit Dictionary

What is the french translation meaning for cysticerci? View cysticerci meaning with french definition at wordnik dictionary. ... French Meaning of Cysticerci. Cysticerci - Definition. What is the translation meaning for cysticerci in french? View the ... Cysticerci - Dictionary Translation Meaning Definition Transilaration French. Tamil Hindi Telugu Kannada Malayalam Punjabi ... definition, word type, pronunciation, meanings, synonyms, antonym of cysticerci in french language. ...
more infohttp://wordnit.com/dictionary/french/cysticerci-translation-meaning.html

Cysticercus ovis in Canadian sheep: risk factors and a transmission model to assess control measuresCysticercus ovis in Canadian sheep: risk factors and a transmission model to assess control measures

... Show simple item record ... Cysticercus ovis in Canadian sheep: risk factors and a transmission model to assess control measures. en_US. ... This thesis investigated the epidemiology and control of Cysticercus ovis infection on Canadian sheep farms. Canadian slaughter ...
more infohttps://atrium.lib.uoguelph.ca/xmlui/handle/10214/2883?show=full
  • Serum antibody to cysticercus was detected in 79% of classical neurocysticercosis patients from Mexico, and in 61% of a group of cysticercosis patients with an unusually rapid invasion of the central nervous system in an endemic focus of disease in Irian Jaya. (ajtmh.org)
  • For experimental conditions, the infection with T. crassiceps is simply attained by an ip injection of a few cysticerci in laboratory mice. (hindawi.com)
  • The technical sources are the number of infecting cysticerci in the inoculums, the time of infection studied, and the degree of injury suffered by the cysticerci upon their passage through the syringes' very tight caliber needles when squirted into the peritoneal cavities of the infected mice. (hindawi.com)
  • The diagnostic sensitivity of the obligatory standard European Union meat inspection procedure for the detection of T. saginata cysticercus infection at the abattoir was estimated to be 15.6% (95% credible interval: 10-23). (uzh.ch)
  • Some findings indicate that it corresponds to conventional myosin or myosin type II such as: purification with KCl, high molecular weight, size, structure (dimeric protein with globular and long tail portions), reaction with commercial anti-myosin antibodies, distribution in muscle fibres of parasites and cross-reactivity with antibodies against paramyosin from T. solium cysticerci. (unam.mx)
  • Once in the peritoneal cavity, the cysticerci reproduce asexually by budding [ 2 ], until reaching massive parasite loads in a matter of 3-6 months that weigh as much as the host [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The cysticercus develops from an oncosphere in any organ (frequently in muscles, brain, and eye) of its intermediate host, such as swine and cattle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2007). The oncosphere embryos emerge from the eggs, penetrate the intestinal wall, and are disseminated by the bloodstream to various tissues where the larval stage, or cysticercus, develops. (biotech-asia.org)
  • A provisional diagnosis of intraventricular cysticercus (in the fourth ventricle) was made and the patient was put on albendazole and dexamethasone for 8 days. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Case of Cysticercus in the Brain [Ueber einen Fall von Hirncysticercus]. (rcpsych.org)
  • The intact or degenerated form of the cysticercus was evident in 22 of 43 specimens. (bmj.com)