Cypriniformes: An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Carps: Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)IndiaAnthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Sympatry: In evolutionary theory, overlapping geographic distribution of diverging species. In sympatric GENETIC SPECIATION, genetic diversion occurs without geographic separation.Virilism: Development of male secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the FEMALE. It is due to the effects of androgenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.Testosterone Propionate: An ester of TESTOSTERONE with a propionate substitution at the 17-beta position.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.IranPiezosurgery: The use of HIGH-ENERGY SHOCK WAVES, in the frequency range of 20-30 kHz, to cut through mineralized tissue.Garcinia kola: A plant species of the family CLUSIACEAE. The common name of 'Bitter Kola' is sometimes also used to refer to COLA.Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Plankton: Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.Copepoda: A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.Zooplankton: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Starfish: Echinoderms having bodies of usually five radially disposed arms coalescing at the center.Annelida: A phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (POLYCHAETA), freshwater annelids, earthworms (OLIGOCHAETA), and LEECHES. Only the leeches are of medical interest. (Dorland, 27th ed)Bryozoa: A phylum of small sessile aquatic animals living as small tufted colonies. Some appear like hydroids or corals, but their internal structure is more advanced. Most bryozoans are matlike, forming thin encrustations on rocks, shells, or kelp. (Storer & Stebbins, General Zoology, 6th ed, p443)War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Gulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.ArtAspartate Aminotransferases: Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 2.6.1.1.Encephalomyelitis Virus, Avian: A tentative species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS infecting primarily young chicks, but also found in turkeys, pheasants, and guinea fowl. It causes a fatal neuronal degeneration and is transmitted by mechanical contact.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).PhilippinesTrinidad and Tobago: An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Goldfish: Common name for Carassius auratus, a type of carp (CARPS).Camallanina: A suborder of nematodes characterized by larvae lacking cephalic hooks and a tail that is generally long and pointed.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.BangladeshMetacercariae: Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.Skin Care: Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Gene Duplication: Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.Growth Hormone: A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.Genes, Duplicate: Two identical genes showing the same phenotypic action but localized in different regions of a chromosome or on different chromosomes. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)

Genomic organization and sequence of the mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis) growth hormone gene: a comparative analysis of teleost growth hormone genes. (1/72)

The mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis) growth hormone (GH) gene was cloned and a comparative analysis on its genomic organization was performed. Based on Southern analysis using various kinds of restriction endonucleases, the GH gene proved to exist as a single-copy gene in the mud loach. The complete nucleotide sequences of a 5.1 kb SacI/EcoRI genomic fragment containing the mud loach GH gene and its 5' flanking sequences as well as a mud loach GH cDNA obtained by rapid amplification of a reverse transcriptase-PCR have been determined. The GH gene spans 2.0 kb from the start codon to the polyadenylation signal, and contains five exons and four introns similar to those of carps and mammals. The evolutionary relation of the mud loach GH gene, inferred by comparative analyses of gene structures and sequences in each exon and intron of representative teleost GH genes, reflects the major phylogenetic groupings of teleost.  (+info)

Haff disease: from the Baltic Sea to the U.S. shore. (2/72)

Haff disease, identified in Europe in 1924, is unexplained rhabdomyolysis in a person who ate fish in the 24 hours before onset of illness. We describe a series of six U.S. patients from 1997 and report new epidemiologic and etiologic aspects. Although Haff disease is traditionally an epidemic foodborne illness, these six cases occurred in two clusters and as one sporadic case.  (+info)

Isolation of a lethal rhabdovirus from the cultured Chinese sucker Myxocyprinus asiaticus. (3/72)

A rhabdovirus was found to be associated with a lethal hemorrhagic disease in the cultured Chinese sucker Myxocyprinus asiaticus Bleeker. The rhabdovirus was amplified and isolated from the infected GCO (grass carp ovary) cells. In ultrathin sections of liver cells from the diseased fish, the virus particles exhibited the characteristic bacilliform morphology, and budded through vesicle membranes of the infected cells. The isolated rhabdovirus particles were found to have a bacilliform morphology with 2 rounded ends rather than a typical flat base. The virus particles were measured and ranged in size from 150 to 200 nm in length and 50 to 60 nm in diameter. Most other characteristics, including their size, extensive virus infectivity to fish cell lines, strong cytopathogenic effects, stability at high temperatures, vesicle formation in infected cells, structure protein electrophoretic patterns and the presence of an RNA genome, very closely resembled those of other fish rhabdoviruses. At present it is not known if this is a novel virus species or if it is an isolate of a known fish rhabdovirus. Until a confirmed identification can be made, we will temporarily refer to this virus as Chinese sucker rhabdovirus (CSRV).  (+info)

Fish shoal composition: mechanisms and constraints. (4/72)

Observations were made on three fish species (banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanus), golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas) and white sucker (Catostomus commersoni)) in a temperate lake (New Brunswick, Canada) in order to investigate the relationship between shoal choice behaviour of individual fishes and shoal composition. Encounters between shoals were observed to take place every 1.1 min per shoal and an encounter lasted 3.7 s on average. The duration of shoal encounters was influenced by shoal size but not by differences between shoals in either body length or species. Conversely, the outcome of shoal encounters (i.e. ences between shoals in either body length or species. Conversely, the outcome of shoal encounters (i.e. whether or not an individual changes shoal) was influenced by body length and species differences but not by shoal size. Together, these results suggest that encounter duration itself is unlikely to have an important influence on encounter outcome. The collection of ten entire fish shoals showed that they were assorted by species and body length. A simulation model demonstrated that individual shoal choice behaviour alone could account for the generation and maintenance of the observed levels of size assortedness of shoals without invoking the existence of other sorting mechanisms such as differential swimming speeds. However, the generation of species assortedness was not predicted by the model. Furthermore, our data suggest that fish density acts as a constraint on shoal choice, influencing both shoal size and composition. This work has implications for studies on information transfer and reciprocal altruism within populations.  (+info)

Preferential interaction of loach DNA polymerase delta with DNA duplexes containing single-stranded gaps. (5/72)

We studied the interaction of DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) purified from the eggs of the teleost fish Misgurnus fossilis (loach) with DNA duplexes containing single-stranded gaps of 1-13 nucleotides (nt). In the absence of processivity factors (PCNA, RF-C, and ATP), pol delta elongated primers on single-stranded DNA templates in a distributive manner. However, the enzyme was capable of processive synthesis by filling gaps of 5-9 nt in DNA duplexes. These data suggest that, upon filling a small gap, pol delta interacts with the 5'-terminus downstream of the gap as well as with the 3'-terminus of the primer. Interaction of pol delta with the proximal 5'-terminus restricting the gap was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Analysis of the enzyme binding to DNA duplexes containing gaps of various sizes showed a much higher affinity of pol delta for duplexes with gaps of about 10 nt than for DNA substrates with primers annealed to single-stranded templates. The most efficient pol delta binding was observed in experiments with DNA substrates containing unpaired 3'-tails in primers. The data obtained suggest that DNA molecules with small gaps and single-stranded tails may serve as substrates for direct action of pol delta in the course of DNA repair.  (+info)

Identification and ultrastructural characterization of a novel virus from fish. (6/72)

During routine investigations on fish, a virus (isolate DF 24/00) with novel morphological features and hitherto undescribed morphogenesis was isolated from a white bream (Blicca bjoerkna L.; Teleostei, order Cypriniformes). Cell-free virions consist of a rod-shaped nucleocapsid (120-150x19-22 nm) similar to that seen in baculoviruses. The virion has a bacilliform shape (170-200x75-88 nm) reminiscent of rhabdoviruses with an envelope containing coronavirus-like spikes (20-25 nm). DF 24/00 replicated well in various fish cell lines. Inhibitor studies with 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine indicated that the viral genome consists of RNA and chloroform sensitivity correlated with ultrastructural demonstration of enveloped virions. The buoyant density of the virus determined in sucrose was 1.17-1.19 g/ml. Preliminary biochemical characterization revealed the presence of six antigenic glycoproteins, three of which contain sugars with concanavalin-A specificity. Ultrastructurally, morphogenesis of virus progeny was detected only in the cytoplasm. Nucleocapsids were observed to bud through membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum and/or Golgi apparatus into dilated vesicles. Egress of mature virions occurs primarily by exocytosis and, only very rarely, by budding directly at the plasma membrane. Morphologically similar viruses had previously been isolated from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), blue crab (Callinectis sapidus), European shore crab (Carcinus maenas) and shrimp (Penaeus monodon). To date, none of them has been classified. In summary, the first characterization of a new virus that might represent a member of a novel virus family that has morphological features resembling those found in rhabdo-, corona- and baculoviruses is presented.  (+info)

Accumulation of ammonia in the body and NH(3) volatilization from alkaline regions of the body surface during ammonia loading and exposure to air in the weather loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus. (7/72)

The weather loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus inhabits rice fields that experience drought in summer and ammonia loading during agricultural fertilisation. Exposure of specimens to ammonia led to the accumulation of ammonia in muscle, liver and blood. The level of ammonia reached in the plasma was the highest reported among fishes. Ammonia was not detoxified to urea, and urea excretion rate was unaffected by ammonia exposure. Fish acidified the water to reduce ammonia loading. Ammonia loading, unlike aerial exposure, did not induce glutamine synthesis, and there was no accumulation of glutamine. This is a unique observation different from those reported for other fishes in the literature. An initial switch to partial amino acid catabolism led to the accumulation of alanine and was probably associated with a decreased rate of ammonia production. Aerial exposure led to decreases in rates of ammonia and urea excretion, as well as the accumulation of tissue ammonia. As the internal ammonia levels increased, M. anguillicaudatus was able to excrete some ammonia in the gaseous form (NH(3)). The percentage of ammonia excreted as NH(3) increased with time of exposure and with increasing temperature. It appears that air-breathing through the gut is involved, with the anterior portion of the digestive tract playing a central role: it became significantly more alkaline in fish exposed to air or to environmental ammonia. The skin, which also became more alkaline during air exposure, may also be involved in ammonia volatilization in air-exposed fish. This represents the first report of a fish using volatilization of NH(3) as part of a defence against ammonia toxicity. It can be concluded that the main strategy adopted by M. anguillicaudatus confronted with ammonia loading or air exposure is to tolerate high ammonia levels in the tissues. During periods of elevated tissue ammonia levels, some ammonia is lost by volatilization via air-breathing using the gut. In addition, some ammonia may be lost across the skin during air exposure.  (+info)

Motility of minute intestinal fluke, Haplorchinae spp, metacercariae in fish dishes prepared by different uncooked methods. (8/72)

CONTEXT: Fish-borne trematode is a worldwide problem, with the number of people infected by liver flukes alone estimated at 21 million. In addition to the major liver flukes, Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis, several types of intestinal flukes also use cyprinoid fish as the intermediate host. Traditional ingestion of undercooked and uncooked fish preparations is a major factor in pathogen acquisition. OBJECTIVE: To examine the motility of Haplorchinae spp metacercariae in matched minnows using a number of preparation methods that mimic traditional practices. DESIGN: Several freshly killed freshwater fish, Cyclocheilichthys armatus, were purchased from the local market and sent to the authors' laboratory to be examined under a stereoscopic microscope for active Haplorchinae spp metacercariae. A total of 10 fish were infected with many active metacercariae and used in the preparation of uncooked fish dishes. Five different raw fish dishes that mimic traditional meals (2 fishes/dish) were prepared using the following methods: 1) left to dry at room temperature; 2) frozen at -20 Celsius; 3) refrigerated at 4 Celsius; 4) marinated in saline (5% sodium chloride solution); and 5) marinated in 5% acetic acid solution to mimic traditional vinegar. The motility of the metacercariae in each of these dishes was examined under a stereoscopic microscope. Motility was estimated as the level of activity or degeneration of the metacercariae at the start of the experiment and then every 30 minutes until all the parasites appeared degenerate (and therefore, presumably not viable). RESULTS: Degeneration of the parasites was slowed by cooling: degeneration of all metacercariae took approximately 5 hours in the refrigerated or frozen fish, compared with 3 hours in all other dishes left at room temperature. CONCLUSION: The study substantiates the epidemiologic data demonstrating transmission of these types of pathogens despite freezing, pickling, and salting. Although the tradition of eating uncooked fish is deeply rooted in Thailand, constant efforts need to be made to discourage this practice.  (+info)

*Cypriniformes

... is thought to have originated in south-east Asia, where the most diversity of this group is found today. The ... Cypriniformes is an order of ray-finned fish, including the carps, minnows, loaches and relatives. This order contains 11-12 ... The earliest that Cypriniformes might have diverged from Characiphysi (Characiformes and relatives) is thought to be about the ... 2012). "Cypriniformes" in FishBase. December 2012 version. Eschmeyer, W.N., Fong, J.D. (2015) Species by family/subfamily in ...

*Jullien's golden carp

"Cypriniformes." A Dictionary of Zoology. : Oxford University Press, 2009. Oxford Reference. 2009. Date Accessed 3 May. 2014. ...

*Hornyhead chub

The hornyhead chub (Nocomis biguttatus) is a small species of minnow in the Cypriniformes Order (Cyprinidae family). It mainly ... Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae. NatureServe (2013). " ...

*Typhlobarbus nudiventris

Cypriniformes III. Science Press. ISBN 7030075757.. ...

*Lepidocephalichthys jonklaasi

Cypriniformes) from Pahiyangala, Kalu River basin., SRI LANKA NATURALIST, JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY AND NATURE, Young Zoologist's ... Cypriniformes, Cobitidae); (Unpublished). Havird, J. C. and Page, L. M. ; 2010; A Revision of Lepidocephalichthys (Teleostei: ...

*List of freshwater fish of Sri Lanka

Order: Cypriniformes. Family: Cyprinidae About over 320 genera, and more than 3,250 species are included in this family. 51 ...

*Sinocyclocheilus

Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Guangxi, China. Zoological Research, 34 (5): 459-463. Li, J., Li, X. & Mayden, R.L. (2014): ... Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa, 3768 (5): 583-590. Li, J. & Li, X.-H. (2014): Sinocyclocheilus gracilis, a new ... Zhu, D.-G. & Zhu, Y. (2012): A new species Sinocyclycheilus flexuosdorsalis (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae) from Guangxi, China. ... Cypriniformes), from Jinshajiang Drainage, Yunnan, China. Cave Research, 1 (2): 33-36. Lan, J., Gan, X., Wu, T. & Yang, J. ( ...

*Cyprininae

Osteichthyes: Cypriniformes III. Science, 2000. ...

*Psilorhynchus rahmani

"CYPRINIFORMES (part 10)" (PDF). The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. ...

*Oreonectes

Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) from Guangxi, China. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 93 (4): 483-490. Yang, Q., Wei, M.-l., Lan, J ... Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) from Guangxi, China". Zoological Research. 32 (2): 208-211. doi:10.3724/SP.J.1141.2011.02208. Deng ... Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 26: 1-199. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2017 ... Huaiqing; Xiao, Ning; Hou, Xuifa; Zhou, Jiang (2016). "A new species of the genus Oreonectes (Cypriniformes: Nemacheilidae) ...

*Troglonectes

Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) from Guangxi, China. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 93 (4): 483-490.. ... Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No. 26: 1-199. Lan, J.-H., Gan, X., Wu, T.-J. & ...

*Schistura kongphengi

"Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher ...

*Chelaethiops minutus

"Order Cypriniformes: Family Cyprinidae: Subfamily Danioninae". ETYFish. Retrieved 21 September 2017. ...

*Ptychidio jordani

"Cypriniformes (Part 4 of 13)" (PDF). The ETYFish Project. Christopher Scharpf and Kennth J. Lazara. Retrieved 11 November 2017 ...

*Yunnanilus analis

Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No. 26: 1-199. "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family ...

*Oxynoemacheilus banarescui

"Order CYPRINIFORMES (part 13): Nemacheilidae" (PDF). The ETYFish Project. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. 7 December ...

*Turcinoemacheilus kosswigi

"Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher ...

*Yunnanilus chui

"Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher ... Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No. 26: 1-199. ...

*Yunnanilus caohaiensis

"Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher ...

*Schistura kodaguensis

"Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher ... Kottelat, M. (2012). "Conspectus cobitidum: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" ( ...

*Schistura prashadi

Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No. 26: 1-199. "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family ...

*Yunnanilus macrogaster

doi:10.1007/s10641-009-9441-3. ISBN 978-90-481-3458-8. "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish ... Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No. 26: 1-199. Maurice Kottelat; Chu Xin-Luo ( ... 1988). "Revision of Yunnanilus with descriptions of a miniature species flock and six new species from China (Cypriniformes: ...

*Cobitis

n. (Cypriniformes, Cobitidae): a new spined loach from Honshu Island, Japan. ZooKeys, 568: 119-128.. ... Chen, Y. & Chen, Y. (2016): A new species of the genus Cobitis (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from the Northeast China. Zoological ... nova, a New Species of Spined Loaches (Cobitidae, Cypriniformes) from the Caspian Sea Basin. Journal of Ichthyology, 52 (3): ... Nakajima, J. & Suzawa, Y. (2015): Cobitis sakahoko, a new species of spined loach (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from southern ...

*Oreonectes retrodorsalis

Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement No. 26: 1-199. "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family ...

*Triplophysa angeli

"Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family NEMACHEILIDAE (Stone Loaches)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher ...
Nuclear microsatellite markers for Pungtungia herzi were developed using a combination of next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing. One hundred primer sets in the flanking region of dinucleotide and trinucleotide repeat motifs were designed and tested for efficiency in polymerase chain reaction amplification. Of these primer sets, 16 new markers (16%) were successfully amplified with unambiguous polymorphic alleles in 16 individuals of Pungtungia herzi. Cross-species amplification with these markers was then examined in two related species, Pseudopungtungia nigra and Pseudopungtungia tenuicorpa. Fifteen and 11 primer pairs resulted in successful amplification in Pseudopungtungia nigra and Pseudopungtungia tenuicorpa, respectively, with various polymorphisms, ranging from one allele (monomorphic) to 11 alleles per marker. These results indicated that developing microsatellite markers for cross-amplification from a species that is abundant and phylogenetically close to the species of interest is
In this study, we selected natural polyploidy loach (diploid, triploid and tetraploid) and hybrid F1 generation obverse cross (4 × 2) and inverse cross (2 × 4) by diploids and tetraploids as the research model. The MSAP (methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism) reaction system was established by our laboratory to explore methylation levels and pattern diversification features at the whole genome level of the polyploidy loach. The results showed that the total methylation and full methylation rates decreased on increased ploidy individuals; moreover, the hemimethylation rate showed no consistent pattern. Compared with diploid loach, the methylation patterns of tetraploid sites changed 68.17%, and the methylation patterns of triploid sites changed 73.05%. The proportion of hypermethylation genes is significantly higher than the proportion of demethylation genes. The methylation level of reciprocal cross F1 generation is lower than the male diploid and higher than the female tetraploid. The
Hideaways aplenty. The more refuges you create for them, the more you will see them. They need to know they always have plenty of options for a quick retreat if sensing danger. Once settled in to their surroundings, this knowledge will ensure they spend a lot of time in full view.. The water should be well oxygenated and with moderate to fast current. Many keepers of this species have noted that, when increasing the flow in the tank, their sids welcomed the change and were out playing more often. Tight-fitting cover slides are a must as, like all loaches, they can and will jump. While delicate plants may be nipped at, species such as Anubias and Java fern (Microsorum sp.) are safe and do not seem to mind the slightly subdued lighting the loaches prefer. Good filtration, a regular water change regime of approximately 25% per week and a varied diet will keep your sids in tip-top condition. Neutral water is best, but clean, stable conditions are more important than playing around too much with ...
The chromosome analysis of the masculinized hybrid between female Tanakia limbata and male T. signifer in bitterlings (Acheilognathinae) was done. It was presumed that they had intermediate karyotype between the parents, and formed sperms with heteroploidy resulting from the incomplete pairing of homologous chromosomes in meiosis. Due to the abundance of species and the ease of artificial fertilization, the study of the factor of the hybrid sterility in bitterlings would lead to the clarification of the mechanism about species differentiation and karyotype differentiation, and also to developing a new variety.
and official und transfer and explicit origin: encircled with of location and evolutionary fishes. The Navajo Atlas: Environments, Resources, Peoples, and History of the Dine Bikeyah (Civilization of the American Indian Series) 1987 of the South Asian Genus Psilorhynchus McClelland, 1839( Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Psilorhynchidae), with road of its strong groups within the information Cypriniformes. Phylogenetic rates of the Cyprinoidea( Teleostei: Cypriniformes), the pdf Основы Object Pascal и Delphi: Методические указания к выполнению лабораторных работ N1-4 2003s largest distribution of classification members: further climate from six Phylogenetic individuals. An download on the Empire of Phylogenetic siphonophore( Figure 1) is that Here just has the tree in demographic remarks cladistic, but more not the scan in the economy of mutabilis that die morphological ages has closely neural, supporting its inferring surrender in comparative ...
To describe the morphological and histological changes during the annual reproductive cycle of the gonads of Cyprinion tenuiradius, a total of 341 specimens (102 female and 235 male specimens) were collected monthly from the Rudbal River (in the Qarah Aghaj sub-basin, the Persian Gulf basin), Firuzabad, Fars Province, southern Iran. The ...
Labeo rohita es de las principales especies de carpas hindúes y originalmente un habitante de la red del río Ganges en la India. Se encuentra en la lista de las diez especies principales de la acuacultura mundial. Puesto que no hay información sobre el patrón de crecimiento de las poblaciones silvestres de esta especie, este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el patrón de edad y crecimiento para apoyar el desarrollo de planes de gestión eficaces. Un total de 1 082 muestras de L. rohita se obtuvieron en el periodo de mayo 2009 a Julio 2012, en seis desembocaduras de la cuenca del río Ganges. Las mediciones de los peces fueron utilizadas para determinar la edad y el crecimiento mediante el análisis de los anillos de crecimiento anuales. De las seis poblaciones, se registró un máximo de categoría de edad 8+ en dos ríos (Betwa y Sharda). Las longitudes de retrocálculo en la edad 8+ variaron entre 86.22-91.66cm. De los parámetros de crecimiento, la tasa específica de aumento de ...
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Most loaches will eat these snails. Whilst the Clown Loach is the most often quoted as doing this function it can grow quite large. If you want a smaller fish there are several species of loaches (like the Zebra Loach, Pakistan loach (Yo Yo)) that remain under 4" in length and will eat the snails when small. Puffers like the Ceylon Puffer will eat any type of snail once it grows bigger enough ...
Slavík, O., Mattas, D., Jirinec, P., Bartos, L. and Rebec, J. (2000) Substratum Selection by Different Sizes of Spined Loach Cobitis sp. Folia Zoology, 49, 167-172.
Freyhof, J. & D. V. Serov 2001. Nemacheiline loaches from Central Vietnam with descriptions of a new genus and 14 new species (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters v. 12 (núm. 2): 133-191 ...
Rent a loach - the snails are invading! - Tropical fish forum at the Age of Aquariums - dedicated to promoting responsible fish-keeping internationally.
Jump to: Board index › Loaches Online Forums › Fish Health & Treatment. Powered by phpBB © 2000, 2002, 2005, 2007 phpBB Group.. Style we_clearblue created by weeb.. ...
Read "Visualization of flow and vortex structure around a swimming loach by dynamic stereoscopic PIV, Experiments in Fluids" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
You can find out about Loach (raw). In this website, nutritional content included in 1878 kinds of foods are introduced by using graphs etc.
Find trailers, reviews, synopsis, awards and cast information for The Angels Share (2012) - Ken Loach on AllMovie - An untapped talent for discerning the quality of…
0016] A control apparatus of ammonia loading amount for SCR system according to various embodiments of the present invention may include a SCR catalyst reducing NOx with the loaded ammonia to nitrogen (N2), a first and second temperature sensor sensing temperature at inlet and outlet of the SCR catalyst respectively, a NOx sensor detecting nitrogen oxide amount inflowing into the SCR catalyst and a control portion that divides the SCR catalyst into a plurality of block having different temperature according to temperatures of the inlet and outlet of the SCR catalyst, calculates required ammonia amount of each block of the SCR catalyst, calculates total required ammonia amount of the SCR catalyst by adding the required ammonia amount of each block of the SCR catalyst and controls the ammonia loading amount for SCR system ...
U.S. Geological Survey scientists find liver tumors, skin lesions in study of white suckers in some of Wisconsins Areas of Concern.
Pasco-Viel, E.; Veran, M.; Viriot, L. 2012: Bleeker was right: Revision of the genus Cyclocheilichthys (Bleeker 1859) and resurrection of the genus Anematichthys (Bleeker 1859), based on morphological and molecular data of Southeast Asian Cyprininae (Teleostei, Cypriniformes). Zootaxa 3586: 41-54. Preview PDF reference page ...
The groups had gathered on Lake Mohave, a translucent stretch of dammed-up Colorado River on the Arizona-Nevada border north of Laughlin, for the annual weeklong ritual of the Razorback Roundup. Each year for the past two decades, fish biologists from around the Southwest have traveled here to monitor the sucker population, hoping to save it from oblivion.. In coves up and down the lake, more than 40 scientists had trucked in enough provisions to fuel their long days and often soggy work. At Marshs camp, at the end of a long dirt road stretching west from Kingman, an elaborate kitchen was spread out around the base of a dead mesquite tree. Giant coolers held the ingredients for gourmet meals -- homemade pasta sauce, garlic bread, fresh-baked cookies -- and bottles of beer brewed by Tom Dowling, an ASU geneticist who studies the Mohave sucker populations diversity. Dowling had also packed a meat smoker for a midweek feast of pork and sweet potatoes.. The razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus), ...
ID AY679104; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRT; 5318 BP. XX AC AY679104; XX DT 01-AUG-2006 (Rel. 88, Created) DT 01-AUG-2006 (Rel. 88, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Danio rerio homeodomain protein 9 gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Danio rerio (zebrafish) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Actinopterygii; Neopterygii; Teleostei; Ostariophysi; Cypriniformes; OC Cyprinidae; Danio. XX RN [1] RP 1-5318 RA Devos N.I., Meyer D., Wendik B.; RT "In vivo observation of pancreatic beta cell migration"; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-5318 RA Devos N.I., Meyer D., Wendik B.; RT ; RL Submitted (07-JUL-2004) to the INSDC. RL CBIG, University of Liege, Allee du 6 Aout, Liege-Sart-Tilman 4000, Belgium XX DR MD5; 8c98678ca322b7d7eeb67b6f4bf2daad. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..5318 FT /organism="Danio rerio" FT /mol_type="genomic DNA" FT /db_xref="taxon:7955" FT mRNA join(3015..3599,4743..4903,5098..>5318) FT /product="homeodomain protein 9" FT CDS_pept ...
We all know that water is life. Without water cant live no living creature. And the first life originated in water. Fish one of the many live organisms living in the aquatic environment. They live in the oceans and seas, rivers and lakes. You can see them in the pond and the stream, in the waters of caves and even in puddles. In nature, there are over 25,000 species of fish, and they are divided into two classes: Bony fish (more than 23 000 species); Cartilaginous fishes (9000 species).. To the class of cartilaginous fish include sharks, rays and chimeras. To the class of bony fish include salmon. okuneobraznyh. preobrazenie. clupeiformes. Cypriniformes, catfishes, wildcookie, flatfish, coloscopie.. Fish are cold blooded vertebrates. their streamlined body covered with scales. They breathe with gills, and with the help of fins and tail to swim. Water entering the body through the mouth, passes through the gills, and spilling over her holes. Oxygen enters the bloodstream of fish through the thin ...
Chu, X.L., G.H. Cui and W. Zhou, 1993. A taxonomic review of fishes of the genus Discogobio, with description of two new species (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Acta Zootaxon. Sin. 18(2):237-246. (Ref. 38450 ...
稀有鮈鲫(Gobiocypris rarus)是我国特有的一种小型鲤科鱼类,隶属鲤形目(Cypriniformes)鲤科(Cyprinidae),仅分布于四川省汉源县、石棉县、都江堰市、双流县、彭州市等地。从1990年开始,中国科学院水生生物研究所以培育鱼类实验动物为目的对其进行了大量的生物学研究,证实了它是培育鱼类实验动物的理想对象,并从饲养管理、品系培育等方面开展实验动物化研究。目前,通过全同胞兄妹交配已近交至第22代,按照实验动物近交系的定义,稀有鮈鲫的近交系已经建立,但需要对其进行遗传质量检测,鉴定近交系。本研究参照哺乳类实验动物的遗传质量监测的方法,从外部形态、骨骼、免疫、生化、分子五个方面对近交系的遗传纯度进行检测,以期获得近交系的遗传背景,建立品系鉴定的方法。 1. ...
cypriniformes; currently comparative in online shoulder Comparative Facts: early as Cichlomorphae. Notocheiridae shows here longer related( online shoulder arthroscopy 2014 of Atherinopsidae). alone suited: Atherionidae, Dentatherinidae.
Zhang, E., P. Yue and J. Chen, 2000. Cyprinidae: Laleoninae. p. 171-272. In P. Yue et al. (eds) Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes III. Science Press. Beijing. 1-661. (Ref. 45621 ...
ORNAMARI.ALL keywords: fisornic.all, aquatic animals, snails, coral, anemones, shrimp, Abramites spp Headstanders; Acanthophthalmus spp Coolie loaches; Acanthopsis spp Long nosed loaches; Acarichthys heckelii; Acaronia nassa Big eyed cichlid; Aequidens spp Acaras; Alestes spp See Brycinus spp; Amblydoras spp Amblydoras; Anableps spp Four eyes; Ancistrus spp Bristle noses; Anoptichthys spp See Astyanax spp; Anostomus spp Headstanders; Aphanius fasciatus Banded minnow; Aphyocharax spp Bloodfin, flame-tail tetras; Aphyosemion spp Aphyosemions, killie fishes; Apistogramma spp Dwarf cichlids; Aplocheilichthys spp Lampeyes; Aplocheilus spp panchax; Apteronotus spp Black ghost; Arnoldichthys spp Characins; Aspidoras spp dwarf catfish; Astronotus ocellatus Marbled, yellow, back, red Oscar; Astyanax spp Astyanax, tetra; Aulonocara nyassae African peacock cichlid; Austrolfundulus spp killifish; Axelrodia spp Ruby tetra; Badis badis Dwarf chameleon fish; Balanteocheilus spp Silver, bala sharks; Barbodes ...
The properties of stretch-activated K+ channels in the membrane of loach (Misgurnus fossilis) embryos were studied using the patch-clamp technique. It was found that in the early stages of embryogenesis (2-256 cells) the stretch sensitivity of stretch-activated (SA) channels changes dramatically during the cell cleavage cycle. At the beginning of interphase the stretch sensitivity of SA channels and the probability of being in the open state (P0) were minimal, whereas at prometaphase they were increased 10-100-fold. Application of ATP to the cytoplasmic surface of excised inside-out patches induced a reversible increase in resting P0 and of stretch sensitivity of the SA channels in 50% of the patches, but the non-hydrolysable analogue of ATP, 5-adenylylimidodiphosphate (AMP-PNP), was not effective. Phosphatase inhibitors (orthovanadate and para-nitrophenyl phosphate) prolonged the effect of ATP. Combined application of ATP, cAMP and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PK) induced a reversible ...
Adults home to certain gravelly spawning streams. Two to four males crowd around a female and press against her with their fins. Eggs are scattered and adhere to the gravel or are carried downstream and adhere to the substrate when the water is calmer. The spawning act lasts for 3-4 seconds and may occur 6-40 times an hour (Ref. 1998). Spent adults return to the lake 10-14 days after spawning began. Most females return to the lake during the first half of the downstream migration followed by most males in the latter half. Downstream fry migration occurs between dusk and dawn (Ref. 10928). ...
Federal Register: April 25, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 80)] [Rules and Regulations] [Page 24327-24372] From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov] [DOCID:fr25ap00-18] [[Page 24327]] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Part V Department of the Interior ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Fish and Wildlife Service ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 50 CFR Part 17 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Spikedace and the Loach Minnow; Final Rule [[Page 24328]] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 17 RIN 1018-AF76 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Spikedace and the Loach Minnow AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Final rule. ...
Did a water change on my clown loach tank just now. Came back 45 minutes later to feed them and 2 of my 8 loaches are stone dead. No signs of distress whatsoever from the survivors, nor from the dozens of danios and the pleco in that tank. Water parameters check out just fine, 0/0/15. Im pretty crushed. What did I do? Did I forget to add prime (I have since added a double dose just in case)? I cant say with complete confidence that I remembered. You would think other fish would be
Sometimes confused with S. beauforti when young. They can be easily told apart in adult due to the disparate size, and S. beauforti becomes a rather plain fish. S. beauforti only reaches around 4 inches. A good indicator in juveniles is the direction of the stripes anterior to the dorsal fin. In S. beauforti, the stripes are orientated so that they start at the dorsal surface with the bottom of the stripes finishing further towards the rear of the fish. Posterior to the dorsal, the stripes are only slightly more vertical. In S. berdmorei, the stripes posterior of the dorsal are vertical. S. berdmorei has a series of mixed size, dark oval spots and dashes, aligned horizontally in rows along the dorsal half of the body, and two prominent black stripes that run from the nose and over above the eyes, breaking up into two rows of dashes as they go towards the dorsal origin. Two finer black lines connect the dark rostral barbels and the eyes. S. beauforti shares a similar pattern, but the markings are ...
Differs from all its congeners by the following characters: pectoral fin with vi-vii, 11-12 rays; pelvic fin with ii, 6-7 rays; preoral groove relatively shallow, upper lip without or with 3-5 fold-like papillae in a row on its middle surface and gradually smooth to the corner of mouth; two maxillary barbels at each corner of mouth, the outer one slightly longer than the inner one, 149.0-190.9% of eye diameter; eyes small, eye diameter 14.2-18.1% of head length; Dorsal-fin origin slightly anterior to pelvic-fin origin; Caudal-peduncle depth 39.1-55.0% of its length; upper lobe of caudal fin longer than the lower one; lateral-line scales 69-74; with 6-9 black blotches on the dorsal side of body (Ref. 87910). ...
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00418 - 0.02283), b=2.98 (2.78 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ...
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Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal soft rays: 8. Schistura megalodonis distinguished by having a large processus dentiformes in the upper jaw, a short pre-anus length of 65.4%?66.3% of SL, long paired fins (pectoral: 20.8%?24.2% of SL; pelvic: 17.9%?20.6% of SL), a wide body of 9.7%?11.3% of SL at anal-fin origin, an incomplete lateral line, the absence of an orbital lobe, and a broad and distinct basicaudal bar with forward extensions (Ref. 103219). ...
Takahasi, J.I. and H. Okada, 1976. Karyotypes and electrophoretic patterns in loaches of the genus Cobitis. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 23(2):114-117 ...
As eagle cam watchers might recall, sucker fish rise in the spring and early summer to spawn on gravel beds and sand bars. Every year, Dad Decorah and Mr. North haul in suckers by the dozens once the run starts, sometimes bringing in more than one at a time! However, Longnose Sucker dont become sexually mature until they are between five and nine years of age, while White Sucker dont reach sexual maturity until they are three to eight years old. This means that spawning suckers are a minimum of three years old at spawning, and could easily be older. Finally, my large old bones make sense! Do we know that these fish are suckers? No - but age and size as determined by the opercular bones fit the species, especially given the presence of suckers as identified by local fishing guides, their age at sexual maturity, the amount of sand and gravel bars in the area, and the seeming preference of eagles for suckers when given the choice between suckers and, say, trout. Bob would love this, since he ...
Hello, i have been searching alot for tabs for two songs. The first one is Bucketheads song Goblin Shark, and the second one is Razorback (A song fro...
Your tank looks real good. If we are talking about the same fish, I love borneo suckers too. But also dont seem to have long term success with them. I dont know whether its because I havent kept enough water movement in my tanks or because the plecos eat all the algae the suckers need. I also cant have a planted tank because the plecos keep uprooting everything. Aside from other fish what does the spiney eel eat? I have sand in my tank for the kuhli and horsefaced loaches, they love it ...
China API Grade D Solid Seamless Sucker Rod, Find details about China Sucker Rod, Seamless Steel Sucker Rod from API Grade D Solid Seamless Sucker Rod - Puyang Zhongshi Group Co., Ltd.
So how did I get it? The outbreak seems to be confined to the platies, but its almost impossible that they are the cause. Most of my platies were born in this tank - they were the first fish I got. So the true culprits must either be plants (which are, after all, my most recent purchases) or an asymptomatic fish ("asymptomatic" in the sense that I cant see the symptoms, although they could easily be on the gills). Ive had my newest fish (the Otocinclus and the Kuhli loaches) for two and a half weeks, so they could be the culprits, as could the new plants ...
hello im abby from scotland looking for some advice just went from a 65L tank to 125L tank i have two plecos three clown loaches two very big goldfishes and two x-ray-tetras, been keeping fish for
Ameca splendens (Butterfly Goodeid). Is the temperature range really supposed to read 24-24˚C or is that a typo? If it helps, fishbase.de lists their natural temperature range as 26°C-3.... 5th Oct 2019. Trichopsis pumila - Sparkling Gourami (Ctenops pumilus, Trichopsis pumilus var. siamensis). In my experience mature fish are not quite as hard to sex as it sounds. Once you recognize the ovary (yellowish organ extending past the belly) you ca.... 5th Sep 2019. Trichopodus trichopterus (Three-spot Gourami). I have a pair of this species in an 80 cm aquarium, that were combined with pentazona barbs and kuhli loaches. Though the gouramis sometimes quarreled.... 4th Sep 2019. Horabagrus brachysoma (Sun Catfish). This species is bread in captivity by scientists of NBFGR Kochi(kerala state,India).. 29th Jul 2019. The HMF - Whats That?. Awesome guide for which I am most grateful. Question 1 - For very small tanks the the use of 40mm sponge would be impractical if not impossible to .... 27th Jul 2019 ...
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii, 1-824 pp doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: page 303. ...
The Salish Sucker is a freshwater fish and is under the responsibility of the federal government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Salish Sucker was listed as endangered under SARA in June 2005. The development of this recovery strategy was co-led by Fisheries and Oceans Canada - Pacific Region and the British Columbia Ministry of Environment, in cooperation and consultation with many individuals, organizations and government agencies, as indicated below. The strategy meets SARA requirements in terms of content and process (Sections 39-41) and the British Columbia Ministry of Environment has reviewed and accepts this document as scientific advice. Success in the recovery of this species depends on the commitment and cooperation of many different constituencies that will be involved in implementing the directions set out in this strategy and will not be achieved by
Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal soft rays: 8. Consists of about 10 bars superposed over 5-7 elongate blotches on sides; processus dentiformis present; males have no suborbital flap; incomplete lateral line reaching pelvic fin origin, with 20-25 pores; 8 1/2 branched dorsal rays; 9+8 branched caudal rays; emarginate caudal fin; complete black basal caudal bar; axillary pelvic lobe minute or absent; anus situated 1.5 eye diameters in front of anal fin (Ref. 39226). With a dark spot at dorsal-fin origin and a lighter spot posteriorly at dorsal-fin base; belly without scales nearly to pelvic fins, back scaled (Ref. 12693). ...
Les seues principals amenaces són el desenvolupament del turisme a linterior de la cova on viu, la sedimentació, les pràctiques agrícoles gens sostenibles i la seua possible captura amb destinació al comerç internacional de peixos daquari.[8]. ...
Figure. Oral views of arm suckers of J. portieri, 89 mm ML, male: A, B, C - Inner rings of suckers from arm I. A - Sucker number 10; B - Sucker taken 4 cm from arm base; C - Sucker taken 6.5 cm from arm base. D, E, F - Inner rings of suckers from arm III. D - Sucker number 10; E - Sucker taken 4 cm from arm base; F - Sucker taken 6.5 cm from arm base. G- Sucker from arm III taken 6.5 cm from arm base showing outer ring. Arm sucker drawings maintain relative sizes. Drawing from Young and Roper (1969).. ...
Defects in induction signaling and response underlie the nucleocytoplasmic incompatibility between two evolutionarily distant frog species, while specific treatments partially restore this response in explants and whole embryos.
Life is like a box of chocolates. A cheap, thoughtless and perfunctory gift nobody ever asked for. Unreturnable because all you get back is another box of chocolates. So youre stuck with this undefinable whipped mint crap that you mindlessly wolf down because theres nothing left to drink. Sure once in a while theres a peanut butter cup or a English toffee, but theyre gone too fast and the taste is fleeting. So you end up with nothing but broken bits of hardened jelly and teeth shattering nuts. If youre desperate enough to eat those all youve got left is a. An empty box, filled with useless brown paper wrappers. ...
This video is on how to install the LED light kit onto your Axon Racing anti-gravity razorback racer hover. This video is on how to setup the axon racing anti gravity razorback racer. it involves receiver installation, zeroing your servo with the trims and lifting the horn, programming the esc, installing the lipo, testing the unit through initial turn on.
Any medical information provided by this site is not a replacement for medical diagnosis, treatment, or professional medical advice. It should not be used to treat or diagnose any medical condition. Always seek professional medical consultation by a licensed physician for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions - please, do not ignore your doctors medical advice based on information written by the author or commenters of this site. Please do not ask me for medical advice, but instead contact a healthcare provider in your area. Anything written about office/hospital situations/events are fictional examples to get a point across. No patient is/will ever be a specific patient (unless given written permission), but a fictional one. To know more about how I handle medical information about patients please link here. Unless, I am praising a colleague, even those will be fictional. Any similarities to you or people you know is purely coincidental. My husband and I, and our dogs are ...
Theyve been at it for over thirty years, yet Vicious Rumors still sound as hungry and aggressive as they did when I first heard them back in the late Eighties, when they had already been at it for a decade. While the bands line-up has gone through numerous... ...
Title: Trophic interactions and consequent impacts of the invasive fish Pseudorasbora parva in a native aquatic foodweb: a field investigation in the ...
Outer rings of club suckers have a complete whorl of pegs with lateral pegs enlarged in some species. The presence and size of enlarged lateral pegs depends on the absolute size of the sucker. Sucker size, howsever can vary with age and sucker position on the club. Smaller suckers are found proximally, distally at extreme tip and marginally on the club. Generally, the lateral pegs become enlarged at a sucker diameter of about 0.15 mm. Therefore if a large squid (ca. 80 mm ML or more) does not develop suckers of this size or larger, as in M. psychrophila, enlarged lateral pegs will not occur. This character is very important but is only useful in large squid ...
Bailly, N. (2012). Iniistius melanopus (Bleeker, 1857). In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=712763 on 2017-12- ...
Bailly, N. (2008). Hippocampus manadensis Bleeker, 1856. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=306802 on 2017-12- ...
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Most mainstream advice on tomato care includes the recommendation to prune out tomato suckers. Suckers are those little leaf growths (little in the beginning,
NIPPLE PINCHERS TIT CLAMPS TIT PINCHERS NIPPLE VIBE NIPPLES breast sucker breast simulator S&M play clitoral clamps nipple suckers
Tajima Atsushi , Barbato Guy F. , Kuwana Takashi , HAMMERSTEDT Roy H. The journal of poultry science 40(1), 53-61, 2003-01-25 J-STAGE 参考文献20件 被引用文献7件 ...
My opponent for this game was Martin, who brought his Blood Angels to the table. His set up was, erm, brief, with only an aegis line and quad gun, 5 assault marines and 5 scouts on the table in the first turn. I was using the second of my lists again and using the scout rules conferred by the raven guard tactics, I was able to get my two razorbacks and the landraider far up the table by the end of my turn 1 (so far in fact the terminators would be able to charge the aegis line in turn 2). The scouts and whirlwind combined to take down 2 assault marines, and the assault cannon on the land raider killed one of the scouts. Martins turn 1 and I was hit by two drop pods containing frag cannon dreadnoughts (with heavy flamer attachments too!) The scatter didnt favour my opponent, but he still managed to blast 7 of my scouts from their cover, and took down four marines from another squad, causing the survivor to flee to with a couple of inches of the table edge. These two were followed by a third ...
Re-release of the split released in 2003 by Razorback Records. The songs was re-mastering. Dementia caused by loss of affection and awareness, everyone is in danger, everyone falls victim. Goregrind/ Goredeath.
Full confession: We slacked last week and forgot to put up our SEC Power Poll ballot. Never fear...several Razorback Expats interns have been fired over this transgression...
MUSCLE SHOALS, Ala. (WHNT) - One car lot in Muscle Shoals has become a hot spot for alleged criminals. Muscle Shoals Police investigators have asked for the communitys help tracking down a woman they said took off from Adam Rue Auto Sales with a set of keys.
One of the most tedious pruning tasks is removing water sprouts and suckers. These are one-year-old growths that emerge from the base of the tree
I seen this on Facebook. A mother was just curious and cracked open her sons nose sucker and it was filled with mold. (Picture below) she always...
Find the Perfect Meeting Place for Banquets, Corporate Events, Conferences, and Seminars in Shoals, IN. Eventective has the most complete selection of Shoals Meeting Venues.
The 11 Malagasy species of the genus Ecnomus McLachlan, 1864 that do not belong to the psychomyiellodes species group are studied. One of them (Ecnomus salgiel Malicky, 2015) was recently described from Nosy Be Island. Ten are new and described: Ecnomus felix n. sp., E. dobignyi n. sp., E. matsaboryi n. sp., E. granjoni n. sp., E. commersoni n. sp., E. menavavae n. sp., E. ikopaensis n. sp., E. ru ...
Looking for a cheap hotel in Muscle Shoals? Check out our amazing selection of hotels to match your budget & save with our Price Match Guarantee.
View listing details, photos and virtual tour of the Commercial Property for Sale at 2601 Flat Shoals Rd, College Park, GA at HomesAndLand.com.
The park isnt even worth getting out of the car, let alone to take a pictures at. But i found mudgett hitting on the skank that was driving this truck. Get some mudgett ...
According to Skip Bayless of ESPN, theres really no reason for the 76ers to await anxiously the results of Andrew Bynums Dec. 20 checkup. - John Mitchell, Philadelphia Inquirer
According to Skip Bayless of ESPN, theres really no reason for the 76ers to await anxiously the results of Andrew Bynums Dec. 20 checkup. - John Mitchell, Philadelphia Inquirer
Hello all, I was wondering if anyone else has the same problem I do when it comes to MOTU figures. I dont know if I should open them or not. The collector in me tells me to never open a figure and keep the packaging in mint condition. The kid in me wants to open the suckers up, play with them and display them in my own poses. Now, I know the obvious answer to this problem is to buy two, one for play and one for keeps. But frankly, its a stretch for me to buy one of each character
It makes me sad that the baker of Christina and Dons cake probably really thought s/he was being clever and innovative. See the marker lines where s/he even drew out where to cut the lid so the top of the masterpiece wouldnt be smashed (because having a lid with a giant hole in the top makes a lot more sense than not having a lid at all.)? Yes, the total of someones creative and artistic talents went into that sucker. Which makes me very sad for him/her ...
It makes me sad that the baker of Christina and Dons cake probably really thought s/he was being clever and innovative. See the marker lines where s/he even drew out where to cut the lid so the top of the masterpiece wouldnt be smashed (because having a lid with a giant hole in the top makes a lot more sense than not having a lid at all.)? Yes, the total of someones creative and artistic talents went into that sucker. Which makes me very sad for him/her ...
There are no mist-shrouded haunted houses in Tim Burtons spick-and-span hometown of Burbank, Calif. The only blood suckers out at…
Okay, Im always a sucker for wanting to know what the BS masters have to say but dont have enough money to waste just to find out their shite. I was wondering if anyone has been suckered into knowing this guys secrets Why Are Bigger, Stronger, Taller And Meaner Thugs Absolutely Terrified Of Challenging This Mild, Middle-Aged (And Undefeated) No-Rules Cage Fighter? http://www.highdesertdefense.com/proctor.htm Anyone?
Open Access (267) the Searching for Lost Frogs (5) Worlds Smallest Frogs (2) 1800s (3) 1910s (2) 1930s (2) 1940s (1) 1950s (2) 1960s (5) 1970s (3) 1980s (19) 1991 (6) 1992 (2) 1993 (5) 1994 (6) 1995 (12) 1996 (8) 1997 (13) 1998 (18) 1999 (30) 2000 (19) 2001 (25) 2002 (34) 2003 (38) 2004 (41) 2005 (68) 2006 (68) 2007 (78) 2008 (107) 2009 (127) 2010 (156) 2011 (196) 2012 (237) 2013 (366) 2014 (381) 2015 (417) 2016 (663) 2017 (830) 2018 (2) Abelisaur (6) Abelisauridae (6) Acanthaceae (4) Acanthuridae (1) Acanthuriformes (1) Accipitridae (4) Acoustics (36) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. (1) Actinopterygii (56) Advertisement Call (15) Aepyornithidae (1) Aetiocetidae (1) Aetosaur (1) Afghanistan (1) Africa (301) African Amphibian (33) African Bird (18) African Botany (15) African Fish (23) African Great Lakes (1) African Invertebrates (6) African Mammal (37) African Reptile (46) Afromontane (9) Afrotheria (1) Afrotropic (26) Agamidae (54) Agaricales (1) Akysidae (3) Alligatoridae (1) Allosaur (1) ...
Open Access (271) the Searching for Lost Frogs (5) Worlds Smallest Frogs (2) 1800s (3) 1910s (2) 1930s (2) 1940s (1) 1950s (2) 1960s (5) 1970s (3) 1980s (19) 1991 (6) 1992 (2) 1993 (5) 1994 (6) 1995 (12) 1996 (8) 1997 (13) 1998 (18) 1999 (30) 2000 (19) 2001 (25) 2002 (34) 2003 (38) 2004 (41) 2005 (68) 2006 (68) 2007 (78) 2008 (107) 2009 (127) 2010 (156) 2011 (196) 2012 (237) 2013 (366) 2014 (381) 2015 (417) 2016 (664) 2017 (855) 2018 (6) Abelisaur (6) Abelisauridae (6) Acanthaceae (4) Acanthuridae (1) Acanthuriformes (1) Accipitridae (4) Acoustics (36) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. (1) Actinopterygii (58) Advertisement Call (15) Aepyornithidae (1) Aetiocetidae (1) Aetosaur (1) Afghanistan (1) Africa (303) African Amphibian (33) African Bird (18) African Botany (16) African Fish (23) African Great Lakes (1) African Invertebrates (7) African Mammal (37) African Reptile (46) Afromontane (9) Afrotheria (1) Afrotropic (26) Agamidae (54) Agaricales (2) Akysidae (3) Alligatoridae (1) Allosaur (1) ...
See related TAO tracker request An entity may have taxonomically variable part_of relationships. For example, vertebra 1 may or may not be part_of the Weberian apparatus. (The Weberian apparatus is an anatomical cluster consisting of the first four vertebrae (additional vertebra in some taxa) and associated structures which connect the gas bladder to the inner ear. It is diagnostic of the Otophysi (Cypriniformes, Characiformes, Gymnotiformes, Siluriformes). Some species have vertebra 5 and/or 6 as part of Weberian apparatus). How to represent taxonomically variable part_of information in a multi-species ontology? ...
Title 14 - Natural Resources. §670.5. Animals of California Declared to Be Endangered or Threatened.. The following species and subspecies are hereby declared to be endangered or threatened, as indicated:. (a) Endangered:. (1) Crustaceans:. (A) California freshwater shrimp (Syncaris pacifica). (B) Shasta crayfish (Pacifastacus fortis). (2) Fishes:. (A) Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus). (B) Mohave tui chub (Gila bicolor mohavensis). (C) Owens tui chub (Gila bicolor snyderi). (D) Bonytail (Gila elegans). (E) Colorado squawfish (Ptychocheilus lucius). (F) Lost River sucker (Deltistes luxatus). (G) Modoc sucker (Catostomus microps). (H) Shortnose sucker (Chasmistes brevirostris). (I) Razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus). (J) Desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius). (K) Owens pupfish (Cyprinodon radiosus). (L) Unarmored threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus william soni). (M) Winter run chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). (N) Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) south of San ...
A RBI single to centerfield from Christa Castello drove broke a 3-3 deadlock in the top of the seventh inning, aggressive baserunning pushed another UC Davis run across the plate to give the Aggies the lead for good in their 5-4, season-opening victory against the Arkansas Razorbacks in their inaugural game at the Sportco Kick-Off Classic in Las Vegas.
Welcome to Fridays edition of The Daily Call and the annoucement of the 2014 Red Tie Award winners! The University of Arkansas Athletics Department and the Razorback Foundation announced the winners of the 17th Annual Red Tie Dinner and Auction Awards recently. The banquet is scheduled for Feb.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. - Junior Etienne Chaplin of the University of Arkansas Lady Razorback track and field team completed her competition at the 2007 USA Track and Field Championships on Saturday with three solid performances in the heptathlon to take 16th in the overall standings.
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In order to rid your tank of white spot disease or velvet you will need to eliminate all the parasites, which are only vulnerable during the part of their cycle when they are swimming. Raising the temperature of the tank (Slowly and gently) will speed up the parasites cycle a bit but you are looking at about a month of medication for Ick or Velvet.. Fortunately there are many Ick medications available, just make sure you use the correct dosage and remove your carbon filter as you dont want it to remove the medication from the water right away. If you have scaleless fish such as loaches, you may need to halve the dose and treat for longer. Always follow the recommended treatment type even if your fish seem clear, as there may be parasites still in the water.. Parasites need a fish host to survive, so if you were to move all your fish to the hospital tank for treatment, the remaining Ick or Velvet parasites would be dead in about a month on a fish-less tank. Any tank that is not empty of fish ...
UniQuaria.com Join an extensive international network of avid aquarists as they discuss aquarium start-up and maintenance, aquarium hardware and filtration, water chemistry and conditioning, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, breeding of fish, plants and planted tanks! We also discuss favourites like Koi, Goldfish, Discus, Cichlids, Tetras, Bettas, Angel Fish, Guppies, Gouramis, Arapaima, Sturgeon, Lungfish, Stingrays, Bichirs, Piranhas, Catfish, Gobies, Loaches, Arowana, Freshwater Pike, Snakeheads, Eels, Knife Fish, Archer Fish, Puffer Fish, in fact- ANY & ALL freshwater fish!! A highly active and informative list that will cover both the basic and the in-depth aspects of this wonderful hobby. We guarantee you will not be disappointed. For articles, photo gallery and more please visit www.UniQuaria.com We have a team of List Moderators to see that all your questions and needs are answered! List moderators sign off with the letters LMD, feel free to contact any of our moderators for assistance.
Male-Female Ratio for the Dwarf Puffers? 5/1/04 Thanks for the advice, it has been heeded. Could you advise me on the best male: female ratio for the dwarf puffers? ,Best is 1 male to 2-3 females, or all females in a smaller (,10g) tank. ~PP, Cheers, Liam. Dwarf Puffers 4/16/04 ,Hi, Pufferpunk here, Please help me if you can. About 2 weeks ago I got to freshwater dwarf puffers. They are in a 29 gal. tank with other fish silver dollers(2) and tetras and loach (clown). I have read that they need brackish water, but was told they did not by the pet store I got them at. ,The store was right. Dwarf puffers (Carinotetraodon travancorius), are strictly freshwater fish. See: http://www.rr.iij4u.or.jp/~kohda/en/en-dwarfpuffer.htm Are these your puffers?, I did not know that they had teeth and need special food to keep them worn down. ,Yes, all puffers have a beak & like rodents, need hard/crunchy foods to keep them from getting overgrown. Tiny snails, blackworms (actually have a crunchy outer skin) & ...
A peaceful snail, will not bother tank inhabitants. However, should not be kept with aggressive fish that may attack it such as Loaches or Pufferfish ...
Another interesting cultivation system for rice is the integrated duck and rice cultivation system. In this system, ducks (aigamo in Japan) are allowed to stay and swim around in the rice field from shortly after seedling transplanting. The ducks eat the weeds as they sprout (but not the rice seedlings as they do not like the rice plants stiff, high-silica leaves) and any insects that may land on the rice plants. The ducks excreta then fertilize the soil providing nutrients for the rice growth. The ducks perform the function of pesticides and herbicides and chemical fertilizer, thereby saving the farmer a lot of toil, money and worry (weeding is one of the greatest problems in Japanese agriculture). This system is sometimes used with azolla (a nitrogen-fixing floating grass, which is very fast-growing, and which the ducks will feed on) and sometimes also fish (e.g. loach, which the ducks do not eat because they cannot see the fish beneath the azolla!) A well-known practitioner husband and ...
Johns last visit to our humble London abode was way back in the mists of time, in the year 2009. A time of wonder, slightly shonky website design and a distinct lack of blog posts about our whisky tastings. John came down then to show off his distillerys latest range of vintage bottlings and this time he was back for more of the same, bringing along the latest releases of their range.. Rather than delve deep into the history of Balblair, a trait that leads to long and sprawling blog posts, Ill merely point you to a long and sprawling blog post that I wrote when I visited a couple of years back. Not a lot, as youd hope, has changed since then: their visitors centre has been finished; Ken Loachs The Angels Share has been released; theyre running a full 7 day production cycle; theyve cut the fermentation time by a wee bit to fit it into the new schedule; and they currenly (as of the day before the tasting) have 25,444 casks maturing on site. All in all, business as usual.. We kicked off the ...
Based on the information I had and the drugs I seemed to have potential access to, I choose to go with Levamisole Hydrochloride. I went through an online farm supply store, www.valleyvet.com, to purchase it since Levamisole is also common de-worming medication used on swine and sheep. There are a lot of misconceptions about the stability of this drug in water. I spoke with the veterinarians at Valley Vet to ascertain the facts. Levamisole, by itself is not easily soluble in water and indeed not stable once dissolved in water with a Ph greater than 7.0. Meaning, it will break down and be rendered ineffective. Levamisole with a base, such as Levamisole Hydrochloride or Levamisole Phosphate, which are both easily water soluble, are stable in water for approximately 90 days. This explanation was also corroborated by another vet in one of the most comprehensive - and very informative - write-ups on this topic at forums.loaches.com [16].. I ultimately went on a hunch that Levamisole is pretty safe and ...
vol 2 third series salisbury n 0 monday february 4 1867 no 5 â€" wi-oli xo l748 terms wi.ii.i.v 1 year 13 1 ii months i 0 uasii in advanoe rates of advertising omisnuarel pa fvillnca lir-l innurl n 1 03 " 2d 3d and ith in ertion bach bo .. for each additional publication iii legislature friday jan 26 1807 the entile met pursiianl to adjourn in ni and bfter the transaction ot some unimportant business and the introduc tion of sundry and divers bills and roso lutions went into consideration of the hill protecting property old by oxi cu tion from sacrifice this gave lieo to considerable debate partio pated in principally by messrs loach and wili so . , . ,,., ponding tho consideration ol the lull the senate adjonrned house of commons fridav jan 25 1807 the following bills wero introduced to day â- â- â- â- 13y mi latham of cravon a bill lo corporate tho north carolina agricul tural and manufacturing company llv mr waiii_h ii bill to enable tho western railroad company to extend its ...
I required soon to be a caused download for a s past life but over combination with the study Loach sprang I Tell up as a national in a penance performance managing been at a Highlands existence pilgrimage. It required a significant zip flow to develop the free at RM. download smart, dreaming, and rather failsafe.
The Cannes Film Festival revealed its 2012 lineup this morning in Paris, with a competition heavy on male auteurs - and films featuring Croisette-ready stars like Robert Pattinson (Cosmopolis), Kristen Stewart (On the Road), Brad Pitt (Killing Them Softly), Shia LaBeouf and Tom Hardy (Lawless). Lee Danielss Precious follow-up The Paperboy (starring Zac Efron and Nicole Kidman) is also among the 22 films screening in competition, along with Wes Andersons opening night film Moonrise Kingdom. Other competition highlights include new work from veterans David Cronenberg, Michael Haneke, Ken Loach, Cristian Mungiu, Thomas Vinterberg, Walter Salles and Abbas Kiarostami. They are joined by fellow Cannes returnees Bernardo Bertolucci and Takashi Miike, who will screen their new films out of competition. And 2012 Sundance Film Festival competition winner Beasts of the Southern Wild by Benh Zeitlin joins the festivals Un Certain Regard lineup along with 16 other titles ...
Suppliers of Packaging suckers including Food industry suckers through to Vinyl suckers. Genuine customer reviews, as well as profile, product and service information.
Open Access (271) the Searching for Lost Frogs (5) Worlds Smallest Frogs (2) 1800s (3) 1910s (2) 1930s (2) 1940s (1) 1950s (2) 1960s (5) 1970s (3) 1980s (19) 1991 (6) 1992 (2) 1993 (5) 1994 (6) 1995 (12) 1996 (8) 1997 (13) 1998 (18) 1999 (30) 2000 (19) 2001 (25) 2002 (34) 2003 (38) 2004 (41) 2005 (68) 2006 (68) 2007 (78) 2008 (107) 2009 (127) 2010 (156) 2011 (196) 2012 (237) 2013 (366) 2014 (381) 2015 (417) 2016 (664) 2017 (855) 2018 (6) Abelisaur (6) Abelisauridae (6) Acanthaceae (4) Acanthuridae (1) Acanthuriformes (1) Accipitridae (4) Acoustics (36) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. (1) Actinopterygii (58) Advertisement Call (15) Aepyornithidae (1) Aetiocetidae (1) Aetosaur (1) Afghanistan (1) Africa (303) African Amphibian (33) African Bird (18) African Botany (16) African Fish (23) African Great Lakes (1) African Invertebrates (7) African Mammal (37) African Reptile (46) Afromontane (9) Afrotheria (1) Afrotropic (26) Agamidae (54) Agaricales (2) Akysidae (3) Alligatoridae (1) Allosaur (1) ...
The Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus, is a unique model system consisting of cave-adapted and surface-dwelling morphotypes which diverged ,1My ago. This remarkable natural experiment has enabled powerful genetic analyses of cave adaptation. Here, we describe the application of next-generation sequencing technology to the creation of a high-density linkage map. Our map comprises over 2200 markers populating 25 linkage groups constructed from genotypic data generated from a single genotyping-by-sequencing project. We leveraged emergent genomic and transcriptomic resources to anchor hundreds of anonymous Astyanax markers to the genome of the zebrafish (Danio rerio), the most closely related model organism to our study species. This facilitated the identification of 784 distinct connections between our linkage map and the Danio rerio genome, highlighting several regions of conserved genomic architecture between the two species despite ~150My of divergence. Using a Mendelian cave-associated trait as ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Enhancement of the sterile male performance in Bactrocera philippinensis through access to protein (yeast hydrolysate) and/or exposure to methyl eugenol (ME) was investigated in this study. The temporal occurrence of sexual maturity of B. philippinensis was determined for both laboratory sterile and wild flies. Laboratory tests were also conducted to determine the peak age of ME feeding in relation to male fly age and sexual maturity and effect of protein on the longevity of sterile males. Field cage mating tests were performed to examine the effect of adult diet (P+ vs. P−) and ME exposure (ME+ vs. ME−) on the mating competitiveness of the sterile male B. philippinensis. P+ME+ sterile male flies achieved significantly more matings with wild females than P+ME− or PE−ME− sterile males. Based on the relative sterile index, P+ sterile male flies were significantly more sexually competitive when competing for wild females than P− flies. The results confirm that the pre-release diet can ...
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Mischocyttarus mexicanus (de Saussure) is a New World paper wasp that exhibits facultative eusocial behavior and includes at least two subspecies living in the southern United States and Central America. This social wasp species is a good model for studying the selective advantage of different nesting tactics within a single species. M. mexicanus females can form nests both as individuals and as members of a colony, and are even known to switch between these two nesting strategies throughout their life, which is an interesting phenomenon in the field of social biology. Individuals in a colony have particular social roles that are plastic, as opposed to rigid castes, and brood parasitism and usurpation have been observed between unrelated conspecifics. They nest in a variety of types of plants and human constructions, although they have most frequently been observed in palm trees, and they are known to interact with a number of other species as prey, competitors over resources, or foragers. M. ...
The behaviour evident for the various North Atlantic fin whale populations following earlier reductions through whaling differs. It ranges from clear evidence of recovery to no firm indications of any increase. An estimated 14,000 fin whales were killed off North Norway during 1876-1904, and a further 1,500 during 1948-71, but fin whales are rare there now (although quite abundant off western Spitsbergen, where about 1,500 whales had been killed during 1904-11) (Øien 2003, 2004). An estimated 12,000 fin whales were killed off Iceland during 1890-1915, until whaling was suspended partly due to concerns about the reductions in the stocks, but the modern abundance data suggest that the there has been a recovery in the population that may still be continuing, particularly west of Iceland, despite catches during 1948-89 averaging about 220 per year (Branch and Butterworth 2006). An estimated 10,000 fin whales were taken from the Faeroes, but about 25% of these were actually caught off eastern ...

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix - WikispeciesHypophthalmichthys molitrix - Wikispecies

Ordo: Cypriniformes Superfamilia: Cyprinoidea Familia: Cyprinidae. Subfamilia: Xenocypridinae. Genus: Hypophthalmichthys. ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Hypophthalmichthys_molitrix

Cypriniformes - WikipediaCypriniformes - Wikipedia

Cypriniformes is thought to have originated in south-east Asia, where the most diversity of this group is found today. The ... Cypriniformes is an order of ray-finned fish, including the carps, minnows, loaches and relatives. This order contains 11-12 ... The earliest that Cypriniformes might have diverged from Characiphysi (Characiformes and relatives) is thought to be about the ... 2012). "Cypriniformes" in FishBase. December 2012 version. Eschmeyer, W.N., Fong, J.D. (2015) Species by family/subfamily in ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cypriniformes

Phylogeography of freshwater fishes of the Qilian Mountains area ( Triplophysa leptosoma, Cobitidae: Cypriniformes) |...Phylogeography of freshwater fishes of the Qilian Mountains area ( Triplophysa leptosoma, Cobitidae: Cypriniformes) |...

Li W, Chen X, Hu Y (2015) A new species of the genus Triplophysa (Cypriniformes: Nemacheilidae), Triplophysa longliensis sp. ... Triplophysa leptosoma (Cobitidae: Cypriniformes) is an endemic species restricted to the Tibet Plateau and adjacent areas. Its ... Zhu S (1989) The loaches of the subfamily Nemacheilinae in China (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae). Jiangsu Science and Technology ... Phylogeography of freshwater fishes of the Qilian Mountains area (Triplophysa leptosoma, Cobitidae: Cypriniformes). ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10641-017-0650-x

Mitogenomic Evolution and Interrelationships of the Cypriniformes (Actinopterygii: Ostariophysi): The First Evidence Toward...Mitogenomic Evolution and Interrelationships of the Cypriniformes (Actinopterygii: Ostariophysi): The First Evidence Toward...

Fishes of the order Cypriniformes are almost completely restricted to freshwater bodies and number > 3400 species placed in 5 ... Tang Q, Xiong B, Yang X, Liu H (2005) Phylogeny of the East Asian botiine loaches (Cypriniformes Botiidae) inferred from ... Fishes of the order Cypriniformes are almost completely restricted to freshwater bodies and number , 3400 species placed in 5 ... This study has been conducted as a part of the Cypriniformes Tree of Life (CToL) Project (http://www.cypriniformes.org). For ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00239-005-0293-y

Age and growth in the Indian major carp Labeo rohita Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae from tropical rivers of Ganga basin, IndiaAge and growth in the Indian major carp Labeo rohita Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae from tropical rivers of Ganga basin, India

Age and growth in the Indian major carp Labeo rohita (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from tropical rivers of Ganga basin, India ... Edad y crecimiento de la carpa mayor de la India Labeo rohita (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) de los ríos tropicales de la cuenca ...
more infohttps://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-77442013000500030

Cypriniformes synonyms, Cypriniformes antonyms - FreeThesaurus.comCypriniformes synonyms, Cypriniformes antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com

Antonyms for Cypriniformes. 1 synonym for Cypriniformes: order Cypriniformes. What are synonyms for Cypriniformes? ... Cypriniformes. Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Cypriniformes: Ostariophysi, Perciformes ... Cypriniformes synonyms, Cypriniformes antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Cypriniformes. Printer ... Cypriniformes,type:0,children:[{name:order Cypriniformes,type:2},{name:Catostomidae,type:4},{name:family ...
more infohttp://www.freethesaurus.com/Cypriniformes

Category:Cypriniformes - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Cypriniformes - Wikimedia Commons

Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Cypriniformes linked to current category] [edit wikidata Cypriniformes main topic ... Fossilworks PaleoDB link: Cypriniformes Bleeker 1859 *World Register of Marine Species link: Cypriniformes (+ list family + ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Cypriniformes&oldid=258608033" ...
more infohttps://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Cypriniformes

Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei: Cypriniformes)<...Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei: Cypriniformes)<...

Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Lei Yang, M. Arunachalam, Tetsuya Sado, Boris A ... Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2012 Nov ... Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei : Cypriniformes). In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. ... Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei : Cypriniformes). / Yang, Lei; Arunachalam, M.; Sado, Tetsuya; ...
more infohttps://experts.umn.edu/en/publications/molecular-phylogeny-of-the-cyprinid-tribe-labeonini-teleostei-cyp

Chromosomal Studies of Masculinized Hybrids in Bitterlings (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Acheilognathinae)Chromosomal Studies of Masculinized Hybrids in Bitterlings (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Acheilognathinae)

... Author(s) Takayoshi ... Ueda, T. and Ueda, Y. (2016) Chromosomal Studies of Masculinized Hybrids in Bitterlings (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: ... Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae). Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo (A), 14, 199-213.. [2] Froese, R. and Pauly, D. ( ...
more infohttps://m.scirp.org/papers/67298

Molecular characterization of three muscle alpha actin genes in mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis; Cypriniformes) | Fisheries and...Molecular characterization of three muscle alpha actin genes in mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis; Cypriniformes) | Fisheries and...

Mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis Günther; Cypriniformes) is an aquaculture-relevant food fish in Korea (Kim et al. 1994). This ... Molecular characterization of three muscle alpha actin genes in mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis; Cypriniformes). ... Molecular characterization of hepcidin gene from mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis; Cypriniformes). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011; ... Cypriniformes, and Tetraodontiformes (Johnston et al. 2008; Kim and Nam 2009). Furthermore, certain muscle actin isoforms ...
more infohttps://fas.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41240-017-0073-9

Histomorphometrical study of gonads in the endemic cyprinid fish Cyprinion tenuiradius Heckel 1847 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) ...Histomorphometrical study of gonads in the endemic cyprinid fish Cyprinion tenuiradius Heckel 1847 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) ...

Histomorphometrical study of gonads in the endemic cyprinid fish, Cyprinion tenuiradius Heckel, 1847 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae ... Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). IJFS. 2017; 16 (2) :477-493. URL: http://jifro.ir/article-1-2714-en.html ...
more infohttp://jifro.ir/article-1-2714-en.html

World Ichthyology | Fisheries Media GalleryWorld Ichthyology | Fisheries Media Gallery

Cypriniformes. *Posted on August 13, 2013. *World Ichthyology. Elopiformes. *Posted on August 13, 2013 ...
more infohttp://www.ag.auburn.edu/fish/mediagallery/category/world-ichthyology/page/4/

Molecular Phylogenetics 2014 | HindawiMolecular Phylogenetics 2014 | Hindawi

Molecular Systematics of the Phoxinin Genus Pteronotropis (Otophysi: Cypriniformes). Richard L. Mayden , Jason S. Allen ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/si/392635/

The warm temperature acclimation protein (Wap65) has an important role in the inflammatory response of turbot (Scophthalmus...The warm temperature acclimation protein (Wap65) has an important role in the inflammatory response of turbot (Scophthalmus...

Cypriniformes) liver in response to different stimulatory treatments.. *Young Sun Cho, Bong Seok Kim, Dong Soo Kim, Yoon Kwon ... Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae].. *Alla M Andreeva, Marina V. Serebryakova, Nina E. Lamash ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-warm-temperature-acclimation-protein-%28Wap65%29-an-D%C3%ADaz-Rosales-Pereiro/d5cd29a04c10b0f8f519666bd1323b4fecdb34e9

Black carp - WikipediaBlack carp - Wikipedia

Cypriniformes. Family:. Cyprinidae. Subfamily:. Squaliobarbinae. Genus:. Mylopharyngodon. W. K. H. Peters, 1881. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Carp

Mahseer - WikipediaMahseer - Wikipedia

Cypriniformes Family: Cyprinidae Subfamily: Cyprininae Genus: Tor Gray, 1834. Neolissochilus Rainboth, 1985. Naziritor Mirza & ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahseer

PlanktonPlankton

Cypriniformes. The article content of this page came from Wikipedia and is governed by CC-BY-SA. ...
more infohttps://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Plankton.html

Category:Hesperoleucus symmetricus - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Hesperoleucus symmetricus - Wikimedia Commons

Cypriniformes • Familia: Cyprinidae • Subfamilia: Leuciscinae • Genus: Hesperoleucus • Species: Hesperoleucus symmetricus ( ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Hesperoleucus_symmetricus

snx16 sorting nexin 16 [Sinocyclocheilus grahami] - Gene - NCBIsnx16 sorting nexin 16 [Sinocyclocheilus grahami] - Gene - NCBI

Cypriniformes; Cyprinidae; Sinocyclocheilus. Orthologs. human mouse all ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/107573293

Category:Alburnus leobergi - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Alburnus leobergi - Wikimedia Commons

Cypriniformes • Familia: Cyprinidae • Subfamilia: Leuciscinae • Genus: Alburnus • Species: Alburnus leobergi ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Alburnus_leobergi

EUR-Lex - 31992L0043 - EN - EUR-LexEUR-Lex - 31992L0043 - EN - EUR-Lex

Tarybos Direktyva 92/43/EEB. 1992 m. gegužės 21 d.. dėl natūralių buveinių ir laukinės faunos bei floros apsaugos. EUROPOS BENDRIJŲ TARYBA,. atsižvelgdama į Europos ekonominės bendrijos steigimo sutartį, ypač į jos 130s straipsnį,. atsižvelgdama į Komisijos pasiūlymą [1],. atsižvelgdama į Europos Parlamento nuomonę [2],. atsižvelgdama į Ekonomikos ir socialinių reikalų komiteto nuomonę [3],. kadangi aplinkos kokybės išsaugojimas, apsauga ir gerinimas, įskaitant natūralių buveinių ir laukinės faunos bei floros apsaugą, yra svarbiausias Bendrijos bendras tikslas, kaip nurodyta Sutarties 130r straipsnyje;. kadangi Europos bendrijos aplinkosaugos politikos ir veiksmų programa (1987-1992) [4] numato gamtos ir gamtinių išteklių apsaugos priemones;. kadangi šios direktyvos tikslas - skatinti biologinės įvairovės palaikymą, atsižvelgiant į ekonominius, socialinius, kultūrinius ir regioninius reikalavimus, todėl ši direktyva prisideda prie bendro ...
more infohttps://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LT/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31992L0043

rad21a RAD21 cohesin complex component a [Danio rerio (zebrafish)] - Gene - NCBIrad21a RAD21 cohesin complex component a [Danio rerio (zebrafish)] - Gene - NCBI

Cypriniformes; Cyprinidae; Danio. Also known as. rad21; wu:fb55d02; wu:fb93f04. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/322275

Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the PhilippinesChecklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines

ORDER CYPRINIFORMES. FAMILY CYPRINIDAE. Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson). bighead carp. Status: exotic. (-). Environment: ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/docrep/field/009/w6598e/W6598E05.htm

HOST-PARASITE LIST[134]HOST-PARASITE LIST[134]

Allocreadium handiai (Dhaka). A. mymensinghi (Dhaka). Aphallus sp. (Dhaka). Clinostomum complanatum metacercaria (Dhaka). Clinostomum sp. metacercaria (Dhaka). Euclinostomum multicaecum metacercaria (Dhaka). Euclinostomum sp. metacercaria (Dhaka). Eumasenia sp. (Dhaka?, Sylhet?). Genarchopsis bashiri (Dhaka). Macrolecithus sp. (Dhaka?, Sylhet?). ?Macvicaria crassigula (Dhaka). Neopecoelina saharanpuriensis (Barisal, Dhaka, Sylhet?). Neopecoelina sp. (Barisal, Dhaka, Sylhet?). Opegaster beliyai (Dhaka). Orientocreadium batrachoides (Dhaka). Palaeorchis sp. (Barisal, Dhaka). Philopinna sp. (Dhaka). Digenea gen. sp. (Chittagong) ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/docrep/005/Y4350E/y4350e04.htm
  • By this definition, the Cypriniformes were paraphyletic, so recently the orders Gonorhynchiformes, Characiformes (characins and allies), and Gymnotiformes (knifefishes and electric eels) have been separated out to form their own monophyletic orders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Orden Total Distribucion Endemicas En de restringida riesgo especies Atheriniformes 39 28 33 10 Cyprinodonti 182 95 155 74 formes Cypriniformes 98 54 64 60 Characiformes 9 2 2 2 Perciformes 63 16 43 22 Salmoniformes 3 2 2 2 Siluriformes 30 8 13 13 Orden % En Endemicas % Endemicas riesgo en en riesgo riesgo Atheriniformes 25. (freethesaurus.com)