A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.
Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.
Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
A phylum of acoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical flatworms, without a definite anus. It includes three classes: Cestoda, Turbellaria, and Trematoda.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A family of hoofed MAMMALS consisting of HORSES, donkeys, and zebras. Members of this family are strict herbivores and can be classified as either browsers or grazers depending on how they feed.
Common name for Carassius auratus, a type of carp (CARPS).
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The family Gryllidae consists of the common house cricket, Acheta domesticus, which is used in neurological and physiological studies. Other genera include Gryllotalpa (mole cricket); Gryllus (field cricket); and Oecanthus (tree cricket).
Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. Bahupatra (MEDICINE, AYURVEDIC) is prepared from this.
An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).
The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.

Fish swimbladder: an excellent mesodermal inductor in primary embryonic induction. (1/551)

Swimbladder of the crucian carp, Carassius auratus, was found to be better as a vegatalizing tissue than other tissues, such as guinea-pig bone marrow, when presumptive ectoderm of Triturus gastrulae was used as reacting tissue. Swimbladder usually induced assemblies of highly organized mesodermal tissues, such as notochord, somites and pronephric tubules, some of which were covered by mesodermal epithelium without any epidermal covering. A special character of the effect of swimbladder was the rather frequent induction of solid balls of undifferentiated cells, which were identified as mesodermal or mesodermal and probably endodermal. These findings show that swimbladder has a strong and fast spreading vegetalizing effect on the responding presumptive ectoderm.  (+info)

Preliminary characterization of a reovirus isolated from golden ide Leuciscus idus melanotus. (2/551)

Some characteristics of a reovirus recently isolated from golden ide Leuciscus idus melanotus and tentatively designated as golden ide reovirus (GIRV) were determined. Spherical non-enveloped particles with an outer capsid of about 70 nm and an inner capsid of about 50 nm were observed by electron microscopy. The density of the virus determined in CsCl gradients was 1.36 g ml-1. The genome contained 11 segments of dsRNA. GIRV differed from other aquareoviruses by a slight reduction of infectivity after treatment with chloroform and by the absence of forming syncytia in cell monolayers.  (+info)

Inter-laboratory comparison of cell lines for susceptibility to three viruses: VHSV, IHNV and IPNV. (3/551)

Eleven European National Reference Laboratories participated in an inter-laboratory comparison of the susceptibility of 5 selected cell lines to 3 fish pathogenic viruses. The test included viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV); infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) and infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), and the cell lines derived from bluegill fry (BF-2), chinook salmon embryo (CHSE-214), epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC), fathead minnow (FHM) and rainbow trout gonad (RTG-2). The results showed that for isolation of VHSV, BF-2 and RTG-2 cells performed equally well and had higher sensitivity compared to the other cell lines. For IHNV, EPC and FHM cells gave the best results, and for IPNV it was BF-2 and CHSE-214 cells. FHM cells showed the largest variability among laboratories, whereas EPC was the cell line showing the smallest variability.  (+info)

Branchial osteogenetic neoplasm in barbel Barbus barbus plebejus. (4/551)

A branchial osteogenetic neoplasm affecting a barbel Barbus barbus plebejus (Valenciennes, 1829) is described. The osteoblasts' pleomorphism, the lack of a well-developed and complete separation, the presence of eccentric, terminal proliferative edges infiltrating the lining tissues and the abundant tumour matrix suggest a histopathological diagnosis of a 'productive osteoblastic osteosarcoma'. The occurrence of eosinophilic granule cells (EGCs) scattered among neoplastic tissue is discussed in relation to the neoplastic growth and the inflammatory reaction, with reference to recent discoveries in mammalian mast cell biology.  (+info)

Phylogenetic origins of immune recognition: lymphocyte surface immunoglobulins in the goldfish, Carassius auratus. (5/551)

Membrane immunoglobulin (Ig) of splenocytes and thymocytes of the goldfish, Carassius auratus, was demonstrated by indirect fluorescent-antibody techniques. Observations on shedding and resynthesis indicated that the thymocyte Ig was endogenously produced. The lymphocyte surface proteins were radioiodinated using the lactoperoxidase-catalyzed reaction, and the labeled Ig molecules were isolated by specific precipitation and analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The IgM-like membrane Igs of splenocytes and thymocytes were shown to differ in their ease of solubilization with nonionic detergent, and in the sodium dodecyl sulfate/electrophoretic mobility of their heavy chains. The significance of these observations for the evolution of T-cell recognition is discussed.  (+info)

Experimental detection of the actinospores of Myxobolus pseudodispar (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) in oligochaete alternate hosts. (6/551)

The development of Myxobolus pseudodispar Gorbunova, 1936, an intracellular myxosporean muscle parasite of the roach Rutilus rutilus L., was studied in experimentally infected oligochaetes. In one experiment, uninfected Tubifex tubifex Muller and Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Claparede) were exposed to mature spores of M. pseudodispar. Triactinomyxon spores developed both in T. tubifex and L. hoffmeisteri specimens. Triactinospores were first released from the oligochaetes 76 d after initial exposure. At that time, pansporocysts containing 8 triactinospores were located in the gut epithelium of experimentally infected oligochaetes, but free actinosporean stages were also found in their gut lumen. Each triactinospore had 3 pyriform polar capsules and an elongated cylindrical sporoplasm with 8 secondary cells. The spore body joined the 3 caudal projections with a relatively long style. One of the 3 caudal projections was shorter than the other two. The total length of the triactinospore was on average 206.5 microns.  (+info)

Establishing a captive broodstock for the endangered bonytail chub (Gila elegans). (7/551)

It is crucial for endangered species to retain as much genetic variation as possible to enhance recovery. Bonytail chub (Gila elegans) is one the most imperiled freshwater fish species, persisting as a declining population of large and old individuals primarily in Lake Mohave on the lower Colorado River. Establishment of a new captive broodstock from the 1981 F1 progeny of at most 10 wild fish plus any newly captured wild fish is evaluated and reviewed. The effective number of founders contributing to the 1981 F1 progeny appears quite small, varying from approximately 3.5, based on F1 allozyme data and supported by mtDNA data, to approximately 8.5, based on the original production records. Using a sample of these progeny to initiate a new broodstock further reduces the effective number of founders. With even the most optimistic evaluation of the amount of genetic variation in F1 progeny, it is obvious that including wild fish in the broodstock is essential to increase the amount of genetic variation. The approach given here could be applied to retain genetic variation in other endangered species in a captive broodstock until they have stable natural populations of adequate size.  (+info)

Mitochondrial DNA differentiation in the critically endangered Berg River redfin (Pseudobarbus burgi). (8/551)

The Berg River redfin (Pseudobarbus burgi) is a critically endangered endemic cyprinid from South Africa. We investigated mitochondrial DNA control region variation among specimens representative of five populations drawn from two adjacent river systems. Phylogenetic analyses, a minimum spanning network, and an analysis of molecular variance underscore the pronounced genetic separation of redfins originating from the geographically closely allied Verlorevlei and Berg Rivers, two populations that may have remained isolated since the Pleistocene. Despite a lack of geographic structuring within the Berg River, historic female gene flow among the upper and middle/lower parts of the river appears to be limited and the contemporary populations are probably isolated due to deterioration of the mainstream of the river. Our results suggest that the Berg and Verlorevlei populations should be managed as distinct conservation units. We encourage the use of sanctuaries, particularly by private landowners within both river systems, as this approach may contribute effectively to preserving genetic diversity within the species.  (+info)

Aquatic organisms are continuously exposed to complex mixtures of chemicals, many of which can interfere with their endocrine system, resulting in impaired reproduction, development or survival, among others. In order to analyze the effects and mechanisms of action of estrogen/anti-estrogen mixtures, we exposed male fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) for 48 hours via the water to 2, 5, 10, and 50 ng 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2)/L, 100 ng ZM 189,154/L (a potent antiestrogen known to block activity of estrogen receptors) or mixtures of 5 or 50 ng EE2/L with 100 ng ZM 189,154/L. We analyzed gene expression changes in the gonad, as well as hormone and vitellogenin plasma levels. Steroidogenesis was down-regulated by EE2 as reflected by the reduced plasma levels of testosterone in the exposed fish and down-regulation of genes in the steroidogenic pathway. Microarray analysis of testis of fathead minnows treated with 5 ng EE2/L or with the mixture of 5 ng EE2/L and 100 ng ZM 189,154/L indicated that some of
Taxonomy and molecular phylogeny of Myxobolus bilobus n.sp. (Myxozoa) parasitizing Notemigonus crysoleucas (Cyprinidae) in Algonquin Park, Ontario, Canada
Other articles where Golden shiner is discussed: minnow: The golden shiner, or American roach (Notemigonus cryseleucas), a larger, greenish and golden minnow attaining a length of 30 cm and a weight of 0.7 kg (1.5 pounds), is both edible and valuable as bait.
The response of six species of freshwater fish, from the families Cyprinidae (common carp Cyprinus carpio; roach Rutilus rutilus; chub Leuciscus cephalus) and Salmonidae (rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss; brown trout Salmo trutta; Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus), to a standardised stressor was evaluated. A six hour period of confinement resulted in changes to plasma cortisol, glucose, amino acid and lactate levels compared to unconfined controls. There were significant differences in the response profiles both within and between families. The cyprinid species exhibited higher and more sustained stress-induced increases in plasma cortisol and glucose than the salmonid species. In cyprinids plasma lactate and plasma amino acid concentration showed less disturbance following stress than in salmonids. The results of the study, together with an evaluation of previously published data for eight salmonid species and six cyprinid species support the hypothesis that differences in core elements of the ...
Developmental and reproductive effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) exposure on two generations of fathead minnows and one generation of bluegill sunfish were assessed. Fish were exposed to E2 for six continuous weeks in outdoor mesocosms simulating natural lake environments. First generation fish were exposed while sexually mature. Second generation fathead minnows were exposed either during early development, sexual maturity, or both stages. Multiple endpoints were measured to assess effects of E2 exposure on fecundity and fish health and development. Plasma vitellogenin concentrations were highly variable in all fish. Differences in egg production timing for both species indicate differences in fecundity between females exposed to E2 and controls. First generation fathead minnows exposed to E2 had lower body condition factors and reduced secondary sexual characteristic expression by males. Only a difference in relative liver weight was observed in second generation fathead minnows. First generation
en] Eco-ethology as expressed in migration patterns, hybridisation level, growth rates in river conditions, and reproductive behaviour in a controlled environment were investigated in natural common bream Abramis brama × roach Rutilus rutilus and common bream × silver bream Blicca bjoerkna hybrids. From 2001 to 2003, hybrids and parental species were captured in a fish pass trap at the Lixhe dam on the Belgian Meuse River during their reproductive migration. The fish pass was checked 3 days a week and the water temperature was recorded hourly. The results showed that these hybrids were less frequent but they had migrated during the same period and in the same environmental conditions as the parental species. Scale readings showed that the growth of hybrids was intermediate between the two parent species growth. In controlled environments, the female hybrid mated with one to two males, including male hybrids, in reproductive experiments between hybrids; they also mated with male hybrid and ...
Michael Shiner (ca. 1805-1880), born enslaved but free by 1840, wrote a diary (or memoir, as he apparently wrote it years later) covering his observations of life as an employee of the Washington Navy Yard and as a resident of the city from 1813 to 1869. Few first-hand citizen accounts of that period of Washington history exist today from anyone, African American or white.. Born in Maryland, Shiner is believed to have been enslaved by the James Pumphrey family. He came to Washington around age seven and was working at the Washington Navy Yard as early as 1826. Thomas Howard, the chief clerk of the Navy Yard, purchased Shiner in 1828 and leased his labor to the Navy Yard Paint Shop.. Howard died in 1832, and his will stipulated that Shiner be manumitted (released from slavery) in eight years. The 1840 federal census in fact listed Shiner and his wife and children as free people of color.. Shiners reminiscences, which can be read in transcript form on the Department of the Navy web site ...
There were six team members, and they all had a different responsibility. They ran a minnow seine down the length of the pond and then transferred all of the catch into a floating holding basket. They got to wrestle with a big snapping turtle before they could start counting.. They counted each and every fish in the basket. There were lots of species you would recognize. There were bullheads, fathead minnows, and sunfish of three different varieties. There were white suckers, common shiners and several others I cant remember. Guess what, they even found some Topeka shiners. There were hundreds of minnows and fish to be counted. They found Topeka shiners in four of the seven oxbows they surveyed. It is not just the Topeka shiner that benefits from the more than 100 completed aquatic habitat projects. Other species of special concern like the plains top minnow and the Iowa darter are also sampled in different project areas. The Minnesota DNR even found a Blanchards cricket frog which had not ...
Inhabits muddy pools of headwaters, creeks, small rivers and ponds (Ref. 5723). Also found in lakes (Ref. 10294). Tolerates unsuitable conditions (e.g., turbid, hot, poorly oxygenated, intermittent streams) for most fishes (Ref. 5723). Feeds on detritus and algae (Ref. 10294). Spawns in still-water habitats along shores (Ref. 59043). Introductions consequently caused the spread of the enteric red-mouth disease throughout northern Europe which infected wild and cultured trouts and eels (Ref. 1739). Maintained a relatively high metabolic rate and level of activity under hypoxic conditions (Ref. 77050). Individuals that survived the hypoxic conditions during winter had rapid growth rates after ice-off (Ref. 77048). ...
Monroe I, Wentworth S, Thede K, Aravindabose V, Garvin J, Packer RK. Activity changes in gill ion transporter enzymes in response to salinity and temperature in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas).Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2018 Oct 31;228:29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2018.10.018. [Epub ahead of print]. Wentworth SA1, Thede K2, Aravindabose V2, Monroe I1, Thompson AW1, Molyneaux N3, Owen CL4, Burns JR1, Gonzalez-Vicente A2, Garvin JL2, Packer RK1 (2018).Transcriptomic analysis of changes in gene expression of immune proteins of gill tissue in response to low environmental temperature in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics. 2018 Mar;25:109-117. doi: 10.1016/j.cbd.2017.11.004. Epub 2018 Jan 31.. Turban S., Beutler K.T., Morris R.G., Masilamini S., Fenton R.A., Knepper M.A., Packer R.K. (2006) Long-Term Regulation of Proximal Tubule Acid-Base Transporter Abundance by Angiotensin II. In Press, Kidney International 60: ...
Free Online Library: Conservation genetics of an undescribed species of Dionda (Teleostei: cyprinidae) in the Rio Grande drainage in Western Texas.(Report) by Southwestern Naturalist; Biological sciences Cyprinidae Genetic aspects Physiological aspects Fish populations Population genetics Research
The objective of this study was to evaluate annual patterns in water quality in 9 commercial golden shiner (Notemigonous crysoleucas) ponds at three farms located in cent..
ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the hematological profile and condition factor (Kn) of tui chub Siphateles bicolor and fathead minnow Pimephales promelas and their associations with larvae of Contracaecum sp. infection of the heart. A total of 30 tui chub and 17 fathead minnow were collected from Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, USA, measured, and weighed and blood was drawn for hematological analysis. Nematode larvae parasitized tui chub with a prevalence of 50% and mean intensity of 1.40, while 11.8% of fathead minnow were parasitized at a mean intensity of 1.0. Non-parasitized tui chub were significantly larger than the parasitized fish, indicating that small fish could be easily predated by the definitive host, a piscivorous bird. Although the relatively large worm occupied a large portion of the atrium, the presence of the larvae did not affect tui chub Kn, possibly associated with low parasite intensity and a harmonic co-evolution. Only parasitized fathead minnow showed significant differences ...
Becker, G. C. 1983. The fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 1052 pp.. Doeringsfeld, M. R. 1993. Notes on the life history of the Pugnose Shiner (Notropis anogenus) and current status in Minnesota. Unpublished manuscript. Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, Minnesota.. Lyons, J., P. Hanson, E. White, J. F. Kitchell, and P. Moy. 2012. Wisconsin fish identification database [web application]. ,http://wiscfish.org,. Accessed 26 April 2016.. McCusker, M. N., E. Mandrak, and N. Lovejoy. 2012. Genetic analyses summary of Pugnose Shiner (Notropis anogenus) samples. in Schmidt, K., and R. Hrabik. 2012. Forays into northwestern Iowa yield new records of Plains Topminnow (Fundulus sciadicus) and more data on Pugnose Shiner (Notropis anogenus). American Currents 37(3):11-13.. McCusker, M. R., N. E. Mandrak, B. Egeh, and N. R. Lovejoy. 2014. Population structure and conservation genetic assessent of the endangered Pugnose Shiner, Notropis anogenus. Conservation Genetics ...
Shiner Dortmunder (Spring Ale) is a Dortmunder / Export Lager style beer brewed by Spoetzl Brewery / Shiner in Shiner, TX. 3.42 average with 273 ratings, reviews and opinions.
Shiner Hefeweizen is a Hefeweizen style beer brewed by Spoetzl Brewery / Shiner in Shiner, TX. 3.29 average with 1077 ratings, reviews and opinions.
The FHM (Fat Head Minnow) line of epithelial cells was derived from tissue posterior to the anus, exclusive of the caudal fin, of normal adult minnows of both sexes by M. Gravell and R.G. Malsberger, in April, 1962.
The test requires three test concentrations and controls.. Two vessels per treatment for zebrafish (each vessel containing 5 males and 5 females).. Four vessels per treatment for fathead minnow (each vessel containing 2 males and 4 females due to the territorial behaviour of male fathead minnow).. Four vessels or replicates per treatment are used for Japanese medaka (each vessel containing 3 males and 3 females).. The following parameters are assessed:. Analytical chemistry - Weekly water sample collections from tanks to analyse test chemical levels.. Vitellogenin (Vg) - ELISA methods are used to determine the amount of this egg yolk pre-cursor protein. Vg is normally expressed only in female fish and dormant in males. However, when male fish are exposed to endocrine disruptors the Vg gene is expressed in a dose dependent manner. Therefore, the Vg gene expression in male fish has been used as a marker of exposure to oestrogenic endocrine disruptors.. Morphological observations - Appearance and ...
Studies are presented for a variety of species as follows: Where TPP content , 5% Pimephales promelas: LC50 (96- h):10.8 mg/L test mat. (nominal)(K2) Salmo gairdneri (new name: Oncorhynchus mykiss):LC50 (96- h):1.6 mg/Lmg/L test mat. (nominal)(K2) Pimephales promelas:LC50 (96- h): 50.1 mg/L test mat. (nominal) (K2) Salmo gairdneri (new name: Oncorhynchus mykiss):LC50 (96- h):4.46 mg/Lmg/L test mat. (nominal)(K2) Where TPP content , 5% Brachydanio rerio (new name: Danio rerio):LC50 (96 h): , 1000 mg wm/L dissolved (nominal) (K1) The data set available for the phosphates as a group indicates that these do pose hazardous effects to fish. However, such effects are considered to be attributable to the content of the impurity, triphenyl phosphate, CAS 115-86-6, (EC No. 204-112-2). The content of this impurity is considered to adversely affect the toxicity of the substance within aquatic organisms. The registration dossier that two separate classifications applicable to the substance for this endpoint ...
For this download cyprinid fishes it Does helpful you see at least one of the including foods to be and get at novel the support in your vegan: Apple Cider Vinegar, Garlic, Baking Soda, Essiac Tea, Clarkia, and Hyperthermia. Those with question love then comforted with pcos in the single normal horn bonuses of the feature; buzz; the Eating and &. bonuses learn books or single download cyprinid fishes systematics biology weeks been by: 1) the doctor, 2) a lovely TV, 3) women, part, end, 4) superfoods, 5) vibrance pains, 6) track of light sides, 7) internal lifestyle lady pulsing a pre-diabetic of lucky epic, and 8) possible changes, people and production devastation-is.
This Test Guideline describes an in vivo screening assay for fish reproduction where sexually mature male and spawning female fish are held together and exposed to a chemical during a limited part of their life-cycle (21 days). The short term reproduction assay was validated in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) and this is the recommended species. The assay is run with three test chemical concentrations and the necessary controls, including a carrier control if necessary. For the fathead minnow, four replicate test vessels are used for each treatment level and control(s). During the conduct of the assay, the egg production is measured quantitatively daily in each test vessel. At termination of the 21-day exposure period, two biomarker endpoints are measured in males and females separately, as indicators of endocrine activity of the test chemical; these endpoints are vitellogenin and secondary sexual characteristics. Gonads of both sexes are also preserved and histopathology may be evaluated to
Treated effluents from wastewater treatment works can comprise a large proportion of the flow of rivers in the developed world. Exposure to these effluents, or the steroidal estrogens they contain, feminizes wild male fish and can reduce their reproductive fitness. Long-term experimental exposures have resulted in skewed sex ratios, reproductive failures in breeding colonies, and population collapse. This suggests that environmental estrogens could threaten the sustainability of wild fish populations. Here we tested this hypothesis by examining population genetic structures and effective population sizes (Ne) of wild roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) living in English rivers contaminated with estrogenic effluents. Ne was estimated from DNA microsatellite genotypes using approximate Bayesian computation and sibling assignment methods. We found no significant negative correlation between Ne and the predicted estrogen exposure at 28 sample sites. Furthermore, examination of the population genetic structure of
A re-examination of the molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Schizothorax (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) through enhanced sampling, with emphasis on the species in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, China. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. ...
References:. 1 - FishMap.org. 2020. Coastal Shiner - Notropis petersoni. Available online at http://fishmap.org/species/Coastal-Shiner.html - last accessed December 16, 2020.. 2 - James R. Davis & Darrell E. Louder (1971) Life History and Ecology of the Cyprinid Fish Notropis petersoni in North Carolina Waters, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 100:4, 726-733,. 3 - Cowell, Bruce C., and Clippert H. Resico. LIFE HISTORY PATTERNS IN THE COASTAL SHINER, NOTROPIS PETERSONI, FOWLER. Florida Scientist 38, no. 2 (1975): 113-21. Accessed December 20, 2020. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24319634.. 4 - Robins RH, Page LM, Williams JD, Randall ZS, Sheehy GE (2018) Fishes in the Fresh Waters of Florida: An Identification Guide and Atlas. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, 467 pp. 5 - Page LM, Burr BM (2011) Peterson field guide to the freshwater fishes of North America North of Mexico, 2nd edn. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, New York, 663 pp. ...
Test chambers for conducting in situ fish bioassays were constructed from 8L polyethylene bottles. Yearling fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and young-of-the-year bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) demonstrated greater than 50 percent survival in the chambers after 65 days of exposure in a reservoir, river, and creek. Fathead minnow survival was substantially greater than that of bluegills. The chambers provide a simple, inexpensive, sensitive technique to screen effluents for toxicity.
Background Squalius alburnoides is an Iberian cyprinid fish resulting from an interspecific hybridisation between Squalius pyrenaicus females (P genome) and males of an unknown Anaecypris hispanica- like species (A genome). S. alburnoides is an allopolyploid hybridogenetic complex, which makes it a likely candidate for ploidy mosaicism occurrence, and is also an interesting model to address questions about gene expression regulation and genomic interactions. Indeed, it was previously suggested that in S. alburnoides triploids (PAA composition) silencing of one of the three alleles (mainly of the P allele) occurs. However, not a whole haplome is inactivated but a more or less random inactivation of alleles varying between individuals and even between organs of the same fish was seen. In this work we intended to correlate expression differences between individuals and/or between organs to the occurrence of mosaicism, evaluating if mosaics could explain previous observations and its impact on the ...
Ubiquitous occurrence of pharmaceuticals in aquatic environment results in concern about potential adverse the effects on nontarget organisms. In water, drugs are present in complex mixtures, in which complicated interactions affect toxicity of single components. The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 35-day-long exposure to mixture of ibuprofen, diclofenac, and carbamazepine on the mortality, growth, early ontogeny, and histopathological changes in tench (|i|Tinca tinca|/i|). Early life stage toxicity test was carried out using a modified protocol according to OECD guideline 210. Exposure to mixture of pharmaceuticals at concentration of 60 |i|μ|/i|g·L|sup|−1|/sup| for each substance was associated with significant increase in mortality, as well as significant increase in growth and elevated incidence of malformations. Any of the tested concentrations resulted in histopathological changes of liver, kidney, skin, or gill. After fourteen days of exposure there was
Using 3 cyprinid fish species zebra fish, rare minnow, and juvenile grass carp, we conducted assays of lethal reaction and ventilatory response to analyze sensitivity of the fish to 4 heavy metals. Our results showed that the 96 h LC50 of Hg(2+) to zebra fish, juvenile grass carp, and rare minnow were 0.14 mg L(-1), 0.23 mg L(-1), and 0.10 mg L(-1), respectively; of Cu(2+)0.17 mg L(-1), 0.09 mg L(-1), and 0.12 mg L(-1) respectively; of Cd(2+)6.5 mg L(-1), 18.47 mg L(-1), 5.36 mg L(-1), respectively; and of Zn(2+)44.48 mg L(-1), 31.37 mg L(-1), and 12.74 mg L(-1), respectively. Under a 1-h exposure, the ventilatory response to the different heavy metals varied. Ventilatory frequency (Vf) and amplitude (Va) increased in zebra fish, juvenile grass carp, and rare minnows exposed to Hg(2+) and Cu(2+) (P|0.05), and the Vf and Va of the 3 species rose initially and then declined when exposed to Cd(2+). Zn(2+) had markedly different toxic effects than the other heavy metals, whose Vf and Va gradually decreased
The Mimic Shiner (Notropis volucellus) is a small, silvery, North American minnow with a wide geographic distribution that includes portions of the Mississippi River, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, Gulf of Mexico, and several Atlantic Coast drainage basins. As currently classified, the Mimic Shiner has long been thought to contain multiple undescribed, morphologically similar species but, to date, little research has been performed to determine the identity, geographic distribution, and evolutionary relationships of these cryptic species, which has been called one of the most interesting, needed, and difficult problems remaining in the systematics of North American freshwater fishes (Etnier and Starnes 1993, p. 233). In New York, this species has a curious distribution, with populations being found in the northeastern watersheds of the Saint Lawrence River Basin and the southwestern watersheds of the Ohio River and Great Lakes watersheds, but nowhere in between. Our examinations of specimens ...
Size-structured spatial patterns in larvae of 2 sucker and 3 minnow species are described from fixed-site sampling in Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, and are used to demonstrate patterns of size-based losses downstream and retention in the lake. The smallest larvae of shortnose suckers (Chasmistes brevirostris), Lost River suckers (Deltistes luxatus), and tui chubs (Siphateles bicolor) were least likely to be found in Lake Ewauna, a downstream catchment; yet the proportion of larger larvae downstream was often substantial, 20%-40% of a size class. In contrast, the smallest larvae of blue chubs (Klamathella coerulea) and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were least likely to be found in restoration marshes. For these 2 species, interannual differences in spatial size-structuring was variable, with larger size classes being found in high proportions in restoration marshes in some years but not in others. These patterns may be indicative of substantial emigration from Upper Klamath Lake, in the ...
Define Cyprinids. Cyprinids synonyms, Cyprinids pronunciation, Cyprinids translation, English dictionary definition of Cyprinids. n. Any of numerous often small freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, which includes the minnows, carps, and shiners. cyp′ri·nid adj. n any teleost...
As part of a larger effort to assess the health of streams and rivers influenced by municipal effluents in Minnesota, fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas; FHM) were exposed to ambient surface waters from three locations. The locations were generally representative of the state: urban Rochester, agricultural Hutchinson; rural/forested Ely. Fish were exposed in aerated mobile exposure units supplied with water from upstream, at, or downstream of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) outfall. While multiple endpoints were evaluated, this study focuses FHM female ovary transcriptomics following a 4 day exposure. Comparing between treatment groups (upstream, downstream, at effluent) within each location, the number of significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were highest in Rochester (5847), than Hutchinson (1295) and Ely (867). Among the DEGs, hierarchical clustering and PCA showed distinct separation of the upstream, downstream, and effluent treatments at each location. Gene Set ...
Keitech Easy Shiner 4.5 Stint from BESTANGLER.shop. Bait length 4.5 - 114 mm, weight 7.3 g, package contains 6 pcs. Advantages of KEITECH Easy Shiner: natural floating movement, strong squid aroma and salty taste, special material composition for better balance and movement, unique two-color KEITECH production process.
Shiner 98 Bavarian Style Amber Lager a Amber Lager/Vienna beer by Spoetzl Brewery (Gambrinus Company), a brewery in Shiner, Texas
Data on long-term toxic effects to fish are not required for the registered tonnage band. However, read across studies from a comparable AES (C12 -14, 2EO) Na (CAS 68891-38-3) and the pure AES homologue (C14, 2EO) Na (CAS 27731-62-0) are available. To determine the toxic effect of the AES (C12-14, 2EO) Na a study similar to OECD guideline 215 was performed (Tegewa, 1995). In this test juvenile individuals of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to different concentrations of AES (C12 -14, 2EO) Na under flow-through conditions. Mortality and growth were determined over 28 days. Related to mortality and sublethal effects a NOEC of 0.14 mg/L (measured) was determined. This result is supported by a non-GLP study carried out similar to OECD guideline 210, eggs of fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to the pure AES homologue (C14, 2EO) Na (P&G, 2004). Under flow-through conditions a NOEC (28 d) of 0.18 mg a.i./L (measured) was determined. The NOEC based on mortality. ...
In this study, 31-day-old juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas, Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth culture) with a measured mean weight of 0.046 g were used in this toxicity test. Only groups of fish having healthy appearance and no history of unusual thermal exposure or abnormally high mortality rate were used for toxicant exposure. Test fish were not fed 24 hr before or during a test. Light/dark regime was 16 hours/8 hours. Prior to initiating a test, prospective test fish were pooled if reared in more than one tank. At start of a test, individuals were removed from the common pool of fish with a net and distributed at random among twelve test tanks (one control and five different concentrations (0.1 to appr. 50 mg/l), each in duplicate). For each replicate 25 fish were used. All tests were conducted in diluters. Tank volume was 7.0 litres, volume change per day was 7.79 litres. The test chemical was prepared for proportional dilution by liquid-liquid equlibrator. Diluted stocks ...
Werner, J., Ouellet, J.D., Cheng, C.S., Ju, Y.-J., and Law, R.D. (2010). Pulp and paper mill effluents induce distinct gene expression changes linked to androgenic and estrogenic responses in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 29: 430-439.. DeCarlo, C.A., Escott, N.G., Werner, J., Robinson, K., Lambert, P.F., Law, R.D., and Zehbe, I. (2008). Gene expression analysis of interferon kappa in laser capture microdissected cervical epithelium. Anal. Biochem. 381: 59-66. Law, R.D., Russell, D.A., Thompson, L.C., Schroeder, S.C., Middle, C.M., Tremaine, M.T., Jury, T.P., Delannay, X., and Slater, S.C. (2006). Biochemical limitations to high-level expression of humanized monoclonal antibodies in transgenic maize seed endosperm. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (General Subjects) 1760: 1434-1444.. Law, R.D., and Suttle, J.C. (2005). Chromatin remodeling in plant cell culture: patterns of DNA methylation and histone H3 and H4 acetylation vary during growth of asynchronous potato cell ...
Camphene: An acute toxicity test with Camphene on zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio)in a flow system was performed in accordance with OECD Guideline 203 for 96 hours. It was conducted in the period from 11.01.1993 until 15.01.1993 under GLP conditions. The medium in the test vessel (10 L) was replaced within 2 h. Due to the low water solubility of the substance and its high vapor pressure, the test was conducted in a closed system. The analytical test concentrations were detected during the test: 2.07, 1.21, 0.43, 0.26 and 0.048 mg / L. The mortality and general clinical effects were daily observed and recorded.After 96 hours, the LC50 was 0.72 mg/L. D-limonene (Test01): In an acute aquatic toxicity study performed similarly to OECD guideline 203, groups (10/dose) of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to d-limonene (purchased from Aldrich) at concentrations of ,150, 178, 386, 595, 928 and 1100 μg/L (measured) for 96 hours under flow-through conditions. Mortality, behaviour and ...
Camphene: An acute toxicity test with Camphene on zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio)in a flow system was performed in accordance with OECD Guideline 203 for 96 hours. It was conducted in the period from 11.01.1993 until 15.01.1993 under GLP conditions. The medium in the test vessel (10 L) was replaced within 2 h. Due to the low water solubility of the substance and its high vapor pressure, the test was conducted in a closed system. The analytical test concentrations were detected during the test: 2.07, 1.21, 0.43, 0.26 and 0.048 mg / L. The mortality and general clinical effects were daily observed and recorded.After 96 hours, the LC50 was 0.72 mg/L. D-limonene (Test01): In an acute aquatic toxicity study performed similarly to OECD guideline 203, groups (10/dose) of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to d-limonene (purchased from Aldrich) at concentrations of ,150, 178, 386, 595, 928 and 1100 μg/L (measured) for 96 hours under flow-through conditions. Mortality, behaviour and ...
Buy Diseases of Carp and other Cyprinid Fishes (9780852382523): NHBS - Edited By: David Hoole, David Bucke, Peter Burgess and I Welby, Fishing News Books
Sperm competition occurs when the spermatozoa of one male coincide with those of another to fertilise the same eggs. In some taxa males perform multiple ejaculations, which may function in sperm competition or in maintaining a baseline density of spermatozoa in the female reproductive tract to ensure fertilisation, a process that has been termed topping up. We investigated multiple ejaculations in the European bitterling (Rhodeus amarus), a freshwater fish that oviposits in freshwater mussels. We quantified spermatozoa in the mussel mantle cavity following ejaculation, and measured sperm motility parameters of males adopting different mating tactics. Following ejaculation spermatozoa density in the mussel increased linearly, peaked after 30 s, and then declined exponentially. Spermatozoa motility parameters did not differ between male mating tactics. We parameterised a model of sperm competition for R. amarus, which accurately predicted male fertilisation probability. We discuss these results in the
Perea, S., M. Böhme, P. Zupancic, J. Freyhof, R. Sanda, M. Özulug, A. Abdoli and I. Doadrio, 2010. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeographical patterns in circum-Mediterranean subfamily Leuciscinae (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) inferred from both mitochondrial and nuclear data. BMC Evol. Biol. 10(265):1-27. (Ref. 89834 ...
The Journal of Vertebrate Biology publishes original insights into vertebrate zoology, including scientific articles, in-depth review papers and monographs.
Roach, (Rutilus rutilus), common European sport fish of the carp family, Cyprinidae, widely distributed in lakes and slow rivers. A high-backed, yellowish green fish with red eyes and reddish fins, the roach is about 15-40 cm (6-16 inches) long and weighs up to 2 kg (4 12 pounds). It lives in small
o Cyprininae Bonaparte, 1840 (karpinsukuiset) ,--o Labeonini , ,-- Labeonina , `-- Garrina `--+--o Barbini , `-- †Parabarbus Sytchevskaya, 1986 `--o Cyprinini Bonaparte, 1840 ,==o Cyprininae Bonaparte, 1840 (karpinsukuiset) ,--o Pseudobarbus , ,-- P. afer (Peters, 1864) (Eastern Cape redfin) , ,-- P. asper (Boulenger, 1911) (Smallscale redfin) , ,-- P. burchelli (Smith, 1841) (Burchells redfin) , ,-- P. burgi (Boulenger, 1911) (Berg redfin) , ,-- P. phlegethon (Barnard, 1938) (Fiery redfin) , ,-- P. quathlambae (Barnard, 1938) (Maluti minnow) , `-- P. tenuis (Barnard, 1938) (Slender redfin) ,-- Varicorhimus ,--+-- Barbus Olig. R. Eu. Mioc. R. Af. As. U. Tert. R. EInd. [349] [polyphyletic assemblage] , ,--o Carassius Plioc. R. As. R. Eu. (ruutanat) , , ,--o C. auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (kiinanruutana, kultakala; goldfish) , , , ,-- C. a. auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) , , , ,-- C. a. buergeri Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 , , , ,-- C. a. grandoculis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 , , , `-- C. a. langsdorfii ...
The Peacock Gudgeon is full of color and personality. Check out our care guide to see if they would be a good addition to your tank!
Hey Guys, Recently when I was doing a water change, one of my Empire Gudgeons scraped himself badly on a piece of the rock work. The wound was already...
Adults inhabit a wide variety of lakes and large to medium sized rivers. Most abundant in backwaters, lower parts of slow-flowing rivers, brackish estuaries and warm and shallow lakes (Ref. 59043). Adults occur usually in still and slow-running waters where they travel in large shoals (Ref. 9696). Larvae and juveniles live in still water bodies, feeding on plankton. One to two years old juveniles move from backwaters to river to feed. In the absence of opportunity to leave backwaters, juveniles may adapt but have a slower growth and attain maturity at a smaller size. They also drift to brackishwater estuaries to forage when water level of flooded areas drops in lower reaches of large rivers. Foraging juveniles in brackish waters stay in lower parts of rivers to overwinter in freshwater (Ref. 59043). Feed on insects, particularly chironomids, small crustaceans, mollusks and plants. Larger specimens may feed on small fish. Juveniles feed on zooplankton (Ref. 30578). Able to shift to particle ...
In previous experiments, chemical stimuli from northern pike ( Esox lucius) elicited fright responses from pike-naive fathead minnows ( Pimephales promelas) only if the pike had recently eaten...
Explosive compounds have been released into the environment during manufacturing, handling, and usage procedures. These compounds have been found to persist in the environment and potentially promote detrimental biological effects. The lack of research on bioaccumulation and bioconcentration and especially dietary transfer on aquatic life has resulted in challenges in assessing ecological risks. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential trophic transfer of the explosive compounds 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) using a realistic freshwater prey/predator model and using dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), a highly bioaccumulative compound, to establish relative dietary uptake potential. The oligochaete worm Lumbriculus variegatus was exposed to 14C-labeled TNT, RDX or DDT for 5 hours in water, frozen in meal-size packages and subsequently fed to individual juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Fish were sampled for body residue
To describe the morphological and histological changes during the annual reproductive cycle of the gonads of Cyprinion tenuiradius, a total of 341 specimens (102 female and 235 male specimens) were collected monthly from the Rudbal River (in the Qarah Aghaj sub-basin, the Persian Gulf basin), Firuzabad, Fars Province, southern Iran. The ...
Beyond Pesticides, June 1, 2010) Atrazine, one of the most commonly used herbicides in the world, has been shown to affect reproduction of fish at concentrations below U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) water-quality guideline, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) study. Concentrations of atrazine commonly found in agricultural streams and rivers caused reduced reproduction and spawning, as well as tissue abnormalities in laboratory studies with fish, said USGS scientist Donald Tillitt, Ph.D., the lead author of the study, Atrazine Reduces Reproduction in Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas) published in Aquatic Toxicology.. Fathead minnows were exposed to atrazine at the USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center in Columbia, Missouri, and observed for effects on egg production, tissue abnormalities and hormone levels. Fish were exposed to concentrations ranging from zero to 50 micrograms per liter of atrazine for up to 30 days. All tested levels of exposure are less ...
While the effect of Operational Sex Ratio (OSR) on reproductive behaviour of males has been studied extensively, little is known of the response of females facing a female-biased OSR. We investigated the effect of different OSRs on female reproductive behaviour using the rosy bitterling, Rhodeus ocellatus, a freshwater fish that lays its eggs inside the gills of living freshwater mussels. Three levels of OSR (male/female ratio 1:1, 1:3 and 1:5) were tested. We demonstrated that inspection of the mussel (spawning substrate) by individual females increased with increasingly female-biased OSR, but that the rate of following territorial male decreased. Aggression towards other females was not affected by the OSR. Interestingly, when a male bitterling led a non-dominant female towards the mussel, the dominant female would become aggressive to the male and chase the non-dominant female away. Aggression towards male followed a bell-shaped pattern and was highest at an OSR of 1:3. In both the female-biased OSRs
The chromosome analysis of the masculinized hybrid between female Tanakia limbata and male T. signifer in bitterlings (Acheilognathinae) was done. It was presumed that they had intermediate karyotype between the parents, and formed sperms with heteroploidy resulting from the incomplete pairing of homologous chromosomes in meiosis. Due to the abundance of species and the ease of artificial fertilization, the study of the factor of the hybrid sterility in bitterlings would lead to the clarification of the mechanism about species differentiation and karyotype differentiation, and also to developing a new variety.
Article Fathead Minnow response to broad‐range exposure of β‐sitosterol concentrations during life cycle testing. β‐sitosterol concentration in pulp and paper mill effluents is typically greater than other phytosterols, and has been shown to cause a ...
Intraspecific variation in swimming performance, morphology and escape responses was assessed in the labriform shiner perch, Cymatogaster aggregata. Shiner perch were videotaped while swimming in a respirometer during a critical swimming speed (Ucrit) protocol. The degree of individual variation in both oxygen consumption rate (ṀO2) and kinematic performance was evaluated from this Ucrit challenge. Fast escape performance was also evaluated in the same group of fish. There was an approximately two-fold variation in metabolic rate of fish swimming at 0.5 body lengths per second ([email protected] bl s-1) and active metabolic rate, aerobic scope for swimming and critical swimming speed. A significant correlation was found between active metabolic rate and aerobic scope and between [email protected] bl s-1 and aerobic scope. Similarly there was a significant relationship between active metabolic rate and Ucrit. Individual variation in swimming performance could not be explained by differences in morphology of the ...
Research theme: Catalyst Diagnostics to Develop More Active Catalysts. Raman spectroscopy is a powerful method for solid catalyst characterization under operando conditions. However, its sensitivity often hampers the detection of surface adsorbates and reaction intermediates. Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SHINERS) has turned out to be a valuable addition to the catalyst characterization toolbox. SHINERS requires Au or Ag nanoparticles covered by a thin dielectric oxide coating, such as SiO2 or Al2O3, to minimize plasmonic side-reactions.. In this project, we will use spark ablation technology to deposit metal nanoparticles of various sizes and chemical compositions on shell-isolated Au and Ag nanoparticles (SHINs). These metal/SHINs will allow to investigate the adsorption of probe molecules, such as NO and CO, as well as performing structure-sensitive (e.g. CO2 and acetylene hydrogenation) and structure-insensitive (e.g. ethene hydrogenation) reactions under operando ...
The 96 h and 192 h LC50s were determined for phenol and 11 substituted phenols. The freshwater flow-through tests with measured concentrations and nearly identical test conditions used the fathead minnow Pimephales promelas as the test organism. The fish were checked for uniformity in toxicity response using 48 h static reference tests with 2,4-dichlorophenol as the toxicant. The results of these 12 tests produced a mean 48 h LC50 of 8.6 mg/L plus or minus 1.1 mg/L. The mean of duplicate 96 h LC50s (mg/L) in ascending order of toxicity were: pentachlorophenol, 0.22; 4,6-dinitro-o-cresol, 2.0; 2,4,6-tribromophenol, 6.6; 2,4-dichlorophenol, 8.2; 2-chlorophenol, 12; 2,4-dinitrophenol, 17; 2,4-dimethylphenol, 17; 2,6-dimethylphenol, greater than 27; phenol, 29; 4-nitrophenol, 61; and 3-methoxyphenol, 76 ...
2009. Bioaccumulative potential Bioaccumulation is not expected. 2007 Jun;16(2):195-203. doi: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3180587ad8. Gypsum (Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate) This product can release nuisance dust in handling or during use. 2019 Oct;11(5):725-737. doi: 10.1111/os.12509. Extended setting time in vancomycin loaded groups, the only significant difference compared with pure calcium sulfate group, increase proper handling duration of premixed cements in injecting occasion, but, in those occasions with cement blocks or beads made during the operation, more time is needed before the mantle is hardened. Calcium sulfate dihydrate (alternative CAS 10101-41-4) (CAS 13397-24-5) Aquatic Fish LC50 Fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) > 1970 mg/l, 96 hours Persistence and degradability Calcium sulfate dissolves in water forming calcium and sulfate ions. Orthop Surg. Eye, skin, nose, throat, and upper respiratory irritation can occur with dust exposure. Calcium Sulfate Suppliers USA. Biphasic Calcium Sulfate is ...
Fish possess two separate systems for detection of low-level sound and water motions in the low-frequency range: the inner ear and the lateral line. The relative roles of these systems in normal fish behaviour is still not clear. There is, for instance, a lack of experimental evidence showing the involvement of the lateral line and the inner ear in detection of infrasound, in directional hearing in the near field, and in detection and attack of swimming prey below the surface. To provide a useful tool for such studies, we have developed a pharmacological method for selective and reversible blocking of the lateral line in the roach (Rutilus rutilus). By recording multi-unit activity from the lateral line nerve and microphonic potentials from the inner ear, we have shown that cobalt ions in the external water may completely block the mechanosensitivity of the lateral line without affecting the utricular microphonic activity. This inhibiting effect of Co2+ is antagonized by Ca2+, making the ratio ...
Free Online Library: Reproductive Season, Fecundity, and Ovum Size of the Skygazer Shiner, Notropis uranoscopus, in Alabama.(Notes and Discussion Piece) by The American Midland Naturalist; Biological sciences Earth sciences Fishes
For the 42 Shiner beer employees Friday afternoon is a time to reap what they have sown. At one oclock the plant shuts down and everyone from sales manager L. J. Speedy Beal to brewmaster Johnny Hybner mix with tourists and Shinerites to enjoy kegs of cold beer in the hospitality room of the nations third smallest brewery.. And with the expected sale of the Pearl brewery in San Antonio, Shiner will become the last surviving independent brewery in the booming billion-dollar Texas beer industry. That, says Beal, is worth drinking to.. Weve been here a long time, and I feel like were going to survive the crunch, said Beal, whose Czech ancesters were among the first to work at the brewery when it began in 1909. I was at a conference a year ago and it was mentioned that by 1980 there were going to be only 10 brewery compaines in the nation. I came back and told Mr. Ladshaw, our president, and he said Really, Shiner and who else?. Ironically, it is Shiner, the smallest of Texas seven ...
The common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is a tetraploid fish species from the family Cyprinidae that arose about 20-50 Myr ago. The aim of the present work was attempting to understand the functional role of the duplicated common carp GH genes by studying their structure, evolution and expression. The introns of the second GH gene of common carp were sequenced for the first time and sequence comparisons of coding and non-coding regions of alleles of both GH genes were carried out. A phylogenetic analysis was done to examine the relationships of common carp GH genes with GH genes of the tetraploid goldfish and other diploid Cyprinids. In addition, phylogenetic analyses were done with other duplicated genes of common carp, some of which also important for growth. The relative rate test of Tajima (1993) showed a statistically significant increase in the evolution rate of the common carp GH I gene. In addition, some other duplicated gene pairs in common carp and goldfish with relaxation of functional ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Croatia are known for presence of numerous endemic species and subspecies of fish, associated with two major river basins, the Danube and the Adriatic. Rivers of the Adriatic basin are significantly short and isolated, compared with the rivers of the Danube basin. Thus, a certain number of insufficiently described endemic species exist in the Lower Neretva area, where a small number of researchers studied their ecology, biology, taxonomy and correlations between them. Three fish species that have not yet been studied in this respect are Neretva chub (Squalius svallize), Neretva rudd (Scardinius plotizza) and makal dace (Squalius microlepis). The objectives of the doctoral thesis are to define the systematic positions of these endemic species and their taxonomic relationships with other cyprinid species using molecular analysis, to complement the species identification keys established by morphometric and meristic parameters, to determine diet, growth ...
This research was carried out to determine fish biodiversity in Bayındır Stream, which is one of the branches of Kirmir Stream, and some biological characteristics and diversity indexes of the species. The study was conducted between April-November 2017. Electroshooker device and ladles were used in the hunting of the specimens. Fishes were brought to the laboratory in 4% formaldehyde, they were diagnosed, and their metric and meristic properties were determined. In Bayındır Stream, 6 species belonging to three familias were identified and they are: Cyprinidae familia (4) Alburnoides fasciatus, Alburnus escherichii, Capoeta tinca and Squalius pursakensis; Nemacheilidae familia (1) Oxynoemacheilus angorae and Cobitidae familia (1) Cobitis simplicispina. Among the species, the highest population density was determined as the S. pursakensis (31%) and the lowest is C. simplicispina (2%). From the diversity indices, it is determined that Shannon-Wiener diversity index is 1,533; The Simpson ...
Medicines in Lake Michigan impact minnow embryos Sepúlveda found that when she tested the four organisms with individual compounds at levels similar to those found in Lake Michigan, they remained largely resistant with the exception of the fathead minnow embryo, which was slightly affected by the triclocarban. When she exposed the organisms at the bottom of the food chain- diatoms, zooplankton, and Daphnia magna-to the mixtures, they were not affected even at high levels. Yet the hours-old fathead minnow embryo proved to be significantly susceptible to the contaminants ...
uuid: 6d0fddf6-4f1e-456d-93cf-3bacfbc5709d, type: records, etag: 7ec613298d32ca6902a963b11ebe1903a327703d, data: { dwc:specificEpithet: bynni, dwc:recordedBy: JOHN DEWITT, dwc:georeferencedDate: 2013-02-19 14:49:14.0, dwc:fieldNumber: Z56494, dwc:order: Cypriniformes, dwc:individualCount: 1, dwc:occurrenceID: urn:catalog:CAS:ICH:56494, dcterms:language: en, id: urn:catalog:CAS:ICH:56494, dwc:country: Egypt, dwc:collectionCode: ICH, dwc:verbatimLatitude: 23.900000°, dwc:higherClassification: Actinopteri; Cypriniformes; Cyprinidae; Cyprininae, dwc:decimalLatitude: 23.9, dwc:basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen, dwc:genus: Barbus, dwc:preparations: Alcohol, dwc:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 301.0000000000, dwc:georeferenceSources: FishNet Collaborative Georeferencing Project, dcterms:license: CC0, dwc:locality: LAKE NASSER; KHOR EL BIRBA, dwc:institutionCode: CAS, dwc:class: Actinopteri, ...
Goldfish (Carassius auratus). A fish of the carp family Cyprinidae, Cyprinus or Carassius auratus, originally a Chinese species, now domesticated and bred everywhere for ornament in ponds, tanks, and aquariums. -Whitney, 1911. ...
Goldfish by Smashy Claw, released 18 May 2016 Oh hey, motherfucker. Im a goldfish Our attention span aint short at all We just think that youre all boring as shit Oh hey, motherfucker. Im a goldfish Rad ass gangster swimming round with his dope fins Tricked out visage with his wicked freaking gold skin I m a fuck your mom Oh hey, stupid fucker. Im a goldfish All you Homo sapiens think youre the shit Just press your lips to the glass, so you can kiss my dick Oh hey, oxy sucker. Im a goldfish. Chilling on the Billboard cause this single is a smash hit Go on tour provided theres a freshwater tank equipped Im a fuck your mom I know this songs going gold like me Yall are jealous as hell, you cant beat this MC MC Cyprinidae Oh hey, fucker. Wanna sleep with the fishes? Bust a carp in your arse and leave you needing sixty stiches Wearing grills in my gills, po-po up in my business Im a fuck your mom Oh hey, fleshy fucker. Im a goldfish Gangster ass figger
We may request cookies to be set on your device. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Click on the different category headings to find out more. You can also change some of your preferences. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer.. ...
Want to work at shark&minnow? Apply for shark&minnow jobs, learn about the culture, read reviews and more. Find shark&minnow careers in your area today!
The aim of the present study was to assess aquatic contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), using the 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) content in fish bile as a biochemical marker. A total of 71 chub (Leuciscus cephalus L.) were collected from seven locations on the Svitava and Svratka rivers in and around the industrial city of Brno, Czech Republic. The levels of 1-OHP were determined by reverse phase HPLC with fluorescence detection after deconjugation. Normalising the molar concentration of the biliary 1-OHP to the biliary protein content reduced sample variation. The content of 1-OHP was correlated with the PAH level in bottom sediment and semi-permeable membrane devices (SPMD), which was analyzed by a combination of HPLC/FLD and GC/MS methods. The highest mean values of 1-OHP were found in fish caught at the Svratka River at locations Modrice (169.2 ± 99.7 ng•mg-1 protein) and Rajhradice (152.2 ± 79.7 ng•mg-1 protein), which are located downstream from Brno. These values were
Daphnia magna and Leuciscus idus were found to be the most sensitive species both revealing LC50 values ,146 mg/L. Silica is found in European rivers in mean concentrations of 7.5 mg SiO2/L (Jorgensen et al. 1991). Therefore, the NOEC for fish in chronic toxicity tests is expected to be comparable to the NOEC for Daphnia and Leuciscus in the short-term tests. Further testing is not appropriate and should be avoided due to animal welfare. ...
The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
Occurrence of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and other organic wastewater contaminants are reported in various environmental matrices. Non-regulated emerging contaminants PPCPs enter into aquatic systems through sewage/wastewater treatment plants after consumption and use by humans and animals. High-end analytical tools such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) are invariably used to examine PPCPs at sub-ng/g levels from air, waters, sediments, effluents, aquatic organisms and humans. Studies have indicated that some PPCPs are persistent and have bioaccumulation potential leading to ecological effects and sexual abnormalities in fish. Investigations reveal that PPCPs can biologically transform to breakdown products forming adducts suited for monitoring biomarkers of exposure. Several researchers have identified that PPCPs can impair swimming behavior in fathead minnow (Pimephale promelas) and interfere with thyroid axis
ID AY679104; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRT; 5318 BP. XX AC AY679104; XX DT 01-AUG-2006 (Rel. 88, Created) DT 01-AUG-2006 (Rel. 88, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Danio rerio homeodomain protein 9 gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Danio rerio (zebrafish) OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Actinopterygii; Neopterygii; Teleostei; Ostariophysi; Cypriniformes; OC Cyprinidae; Danio. XX RN [1] RP 1-5318 RA Devos N.I., Meyer D., Wendik B.; RT In vivo observation of pancreatic beta cell migration; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-5318 RA Devos N.I., Meyer D., Wendik B.; RT ; RL Submitted (07-JUL-2004) to the INSDC. RL CBIG, University of Liege, Allee du 6 Aout, Liege-Sart-Tilman 4000, Belgium XX DR MD5; 8c98678ca322b7d7eeb67b6f4bf2daad. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..5318 FT /organism=Danio rerio FT /mol_type=genomic DNA FT /db_xref=taxon:7955 FT mRNA join(3015..3599,4743..4903,5098..>5318) FT /product=homeodomain protein 9 FT CDS_pept ...
Multifilament Gillnet and Trammel Net Selectivity for the Silver Crucian Carp (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) in Eğirdir Lake, Isparta, Turkey Mehmet Cilbiz , Zübeyde Hanol , Nihal Cilbiz , Şakir Çinar , Soner Savaşer Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite The Effect of Adding Protein-Xanthophylls Concentrate (PX) from Lucerne (Medicago sativa) on Growth Parameters and Redox Profile in Muscles of carp, Cyprinus carpio (L.) Jacek Rechulicz , Katarzyna Ognik , Eugeniusz R. Grela Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Comparative Elevation in Water Temperature Induces Somatic Growth and Rapid Proliferation of Gonadal Germ Cells in Three Species of Carp Sullip Kumar Majhi , Avinash Rambhau Rasal Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Evaluation of Soy Protein Concentrate as Replacement of Fish Meal in Practical Diets for Juvenile Tench (Tinca tinca L.) Álvaro González-Rodríguez , Jesús Domingo ...
Zhang, E., P. Yue and J. Chen, 2000. Cyprinidae: Laleoninae. p. 171-272. In P. Yue et al. (eds) Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes III. Science Press. Beijing. 1-661. (Ref. 45621 ...
稀有鮈鲫(Gobiocypris rarus)是我国特有的一种小型鲤科鱼类,隶属鲤形目(Cypriniformes)鲤科(Cyprinidae),仅分布于四川省汉源县、石棉县、都江堰市、双流县、彭州市等地。从1990年开始,中国科学院水生生物研究所以培育鱼类实验动物为目的对其进行了大量的生物学研究,证实了它是培育鱼类实验动物的理想对象,并从饲养管理、品系培育等方面开展实验动物化研究。目前,通过全同胞兄妹交配已近交至第22代,按照实验动物近交系的定义,稀有鮈鲫的近交系已经建立,但需要对其进行遗传质量检测,鉴定近交系。本研究参照哺乳类实验动物的遗传质量监测的方法,从外部形态、骨骼、免疫、生化、分子五个方面对近交系的遗传纯度进行检测,以期获得近交系的遗传背景,建立品系鉴定的方法。 1. ...
We investigated the phylogenetic position of Ellopostoma based on nuclear sequence data (RAG-1 gene). Ellopostoma is a member of the superfamily Cobitoidea (loaches) of Cypriniformes, but does not belong to any of the currently recognised families. It represents an independent lineage, recognised as a distinct new family Ellopostomatidae, characterized by a square and oblique snout, a small protrusible mouth, a single pair of barbels, large eyes and 25-28 pharyngeal teeth. ...
www.cas.vanderbilt.edu. Danio rerio commonly known as zebrafish is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). It is a major model for studying developmental biology; aided by the transparency of the embryo and adult body, researchers can modify the fishs genotype at the egg stage and see resulting changes as little as three days later.. Zebrafish have the ability to regenerate many of their tissues including fins, skin, heart and, in larval stages, brain. Zebrafish have been used to study cancers, including melanoma, leukemia, pancreatic cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. The Tubingen strain was used as the the reference strain for the genome sequencing project as it had been used extensively to identify mutations affecting embryogenesis. Sequencing revealed that 71.4% of human genes have at least one zebrafish ortholog. Currently the zebrafish genome is thought to have more than 26,000 protein-coding genes. ...
Barbus barbus (es); Márna (hu); Barbus barbus (eu); Barbus barbus (ast); Barbus barbus (ca); Barbe (de); Вусач (be); Мрена (sr-ec); бяла мряна (bg); Bàrbioe (pcd); Mreană (ro); バーベル (ja); Barbus barbus (ia); Flodbarb (sv); Марена звичайна (uk); Barbus barbus (la); Barbe (gsw); Jokibarbi (fi); Bårbea (wa); Berf (li); parma obecná (cs); Mrena (bs); Barbus barbus (it); Barbeau commun (fr); Вусач (be-tarask); barbeel (nl); Bayağı bıyıklı balık (tr); Barbus barbus (vi); Mrena (sr-el); باربل معمولی (fa); Barbe (lv); Barbus barbus (pt); Paprastasis ūsorius (lt); Navadna mrena (sl); წვერა (ka); Обыкновенный усач (ru); Мрена (sr); Barbus barbus (war); Flodbarbe (nn); barbe (nb); Mrena (sh); brzana pospolita (pl); Barbus barbus (ceb); Каяз (tt); Barbal (ga); Barbus barbus (en); بني أصفر (ar); Barbus barbus (sq); Мрена (mk) barbo común (es); মাছের প্রজাতি (bn); halfaj ...
Steys Fishery is a coarse fishing venue located near Wigan. Previously known as Spring View Fishery, the fishery is now under new management.Quality bream and tench are the feature in this hugely popular 38-peg water, the biggest and some believe the best on a three-water site where the action can at times be spectacular. The triangular pool is the biggest and holds a good mixed stock including carp, tench, bream, roach, perch, barbell, chub and pike. Night fishing is allowed on this lake only where specimen rods target carp over 30lb, together with tench and bream to double figures.
Greetings card measuring 20.5cm x 10cm.. Each card comes in a cellophane wrapper and includes a white envelope. It is blank inside for your own message.. ...
duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 8-12; Sirip dubur lunak: 10 - 24. Body deep and compressed; dorsal fin origin far behind pelvic fin origin; caudal peduncle narrow; caudal fin deeply forked; snout short and point; mouth terminal; eye large; axillary process at pelvic fin base; lateral line decurved, complete wit 52-67 scales; dorsal fin with 8-12 rays (usually 10); anal fin with 10-24 rays (usually 15); intestine long; peritoneum silver; pharyngeal teeth 2,4-4,2 to 2,5-5,2. Olive-gray to brown above, clear to yellow streak above dark stripe along side; red above pectoral fin base on large individuals; clear to yellow-brown fins. Breeding males are brassy yellow, bright red along lower side (Ref. 86798). ...
No pond is complete without a Hi Fin Banded Shark. Weve recently started importing these fascinating, peaceful fish from China.. Theyre thought to be one of the most primitive members of the Cyprinidae family. Nothing like true sharks, these fish are voracious algae eaters, although weve seen them eat floating pellets as well.. Theyre winter hardy and can reach 3 feet in length.. ...
How to Play Sharks and Minnows. Sharks and Minnows is a fast-paced pool game thats been popular since the fifties.https://swimswam.com/the-top-9-swimming-pool-games-3-sharks-and-minnows/ There are many variations of this game that allow...
That just about wraps it up. My collection of the very best centre forwards to kick a ball for Manchester Utd before Fergusons days. Are you wondering why I decided to only include pre-Ferguson players in this list? Actually its simply because I feel the forwards that have been at Utd during Alex Fergusons lengthy leadership in charge of United require a write up all to themselves. Sir Alex Ferguson hasnt been short of forwards to chose from. There is a good chance this wont be my last word on the issue. A piece on the strikers who played for Alex may be on the cards. [url=http://www.pulsebet.com]manchester united[/url] Manchester United was established in 1878 as the Newton Heath Football Club, which served as the works team of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway depot. The club nearly went bankrupt in 1902 but was saved by J.H. Davies who subsequently re-named the team as Manchester United. During World War II, the Old Trafford Football Ground was severely bombed, leaving United without a ...
That just about wraps it up. My collection of the very best centre forwards to kick a ball for Manchester Utd before Fergusons days. Are you wondering why I decided to only include pre-Ferguson players in this list? Actually its simply because I feel the forwards that have been at Utd during Alex Fergusons lengthy leadership in charge of United require a write up all to themselves. Sir Alex Ferguson hasnt been short of forwards to chose from. There is a good chance this wont be my last word on the issue. A piece on the strikers who played for Alex may be on the cards. [url=http://www.pulsebet.com]manchester united[/url] Manchester United was established in 1878 as the Newton Heath Football Club, which served as the works team of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway depot. The club nearly went bankrupt in 1902 but was saved by J.H. Davies who subsequently re-named the team as Manchester United. During World War II, the Old Trafford Football Ground was severely bombed, leaving United without a ...

No data available that match "cyprinidae"


  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Kottelat, Maurice (2016): On Gonorynchus, Gonorhynchus, Gonorinchus, Gonorhinchus and Gonorrhynchus, and some other names of labeonine fishes (Teleostei: Gonorynchidae and Cyprinidae). (gbif.org)
  • Diagnoses of a new genus and 64 new species of fishes from Laos (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Bagridae, Syngnathidae, Chaudhuriidae and Tetraodontidae). (aquatab.net)
  • 2006). Pseudophoxinus ninae , a new species from Central Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) . (recentlyextinctspecies.com)
  • 2009). Pseudophoxinus evliyae , a new species of spring minnow from Western Anatolia with remarks on the distribution of P. ninae and the systematic position of P. fahirae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) . (recentlyextinctspecies.com)
  • The family Cyprinidae, from the Ancient Greek kyprînos ('carp'), consists of the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives (for example, the barbs and barbels). (morebooks.de)
  • A new gudgeon of the genus Gobio from Shansi (Pisces, Cyprinidae). (amnh.org)

No images available that match "cyprinidae"