A plant species of the genus CYNARA, family ASTERACEAE. The flower bud is the familiar artichoke eaten as a vegetable.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with a name that is similar to CYNARA SCOLYMUS. Members contain taraxasteryl acetate.
Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).
A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A plant genus of the family DRYOPTERIDACEAE.
Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.
The effect of herbs, other PLANTS, or PLANT EXTRACTS on the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of drugs.
Material prepared from plants.
The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Proteins involved in the transport of organic anions. They play an important role in the elimination of a variety of endogenous substances, xenobiotics and their metabolites from the body.
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain arctiin and onopordopicrin.

Fructan biosynthesis in transgenic plants. (1/19)

Data from plants transformed to accumulate fructan are assessed in the context of natural concentrations of reserve carbohydrates and natural fluxes of carbon in primary metabolism: Transgenic fructan accumulation is universally reported as an instantaneous endpoint concentration. In exceptional cases, concentrations of 60-160 mg g(-1) fresh mass were reported and compare favourably with naturally occurring maximal starch and fructan content in leaves and storage organs. Generally, values were less than 20 mg g(-1) for plants transformed with bacterial genes and <9 mg g(-1) for plant-plant transformants. Superficially, the results indicate a marked modification of carbon partitioning. However, transgenic fructan accumulation was generally constitutive and involved accumulation over time-scales of weeks or months. When calculated as a function of accumulation period, fluxes into the transgenic product were low, in the range 0.00002-0.03 nkat g(-1). By comparison with an estimated minimum daily carbohydrate flux in leaves for a natural fructan-accumulating plant in field conditions (37 nkat g(-1)), transgenic fructan accumulation was only 0.00005-0.08% of primary carbohydrate flux and does not indicate radical modification of carbon partitioning, but rather, a quantitatively minor leakage into transgenic fructan. Possible mechanisms for this low fructan accumulation in the transformants are considered and include: (i) rare codon usage in bacterial genes compared with eukaryotes, (ii) low transgene mRNA concentrations caused by low expression and/or high turnover, (iii) resultant low expression of enzyme protein, (iv) resultant low total enzyme activity, (v) inappropriate kinetic properties of the gene products with respect to substrate concentrations in the host, (vi) in situ product hydrolysis, and (vii) levan toxicity. Transformants expressing bacterial fructan synthesis exhibited a number of aberrant phenotypes such as stunting, leaf bleaching, necrosis, reduced tuber number and mass, tuber cortex discoloration, reduction in starch accumulation, and chloroplast agglutination. In severe cases of developmental aberration, potato tubers were replaced by florets. Possible mechanisms to explain these aberrations are discussed. In most instances, the attempted subcellular targeting of the transgene product was not demonstrated. Where localization was attempted, the transgene product generally mis-localized, for example, to the cell perimeter or to the endomembrane system, instead of the intended target, the vacuole. Fructosyltransferases exhibited different product specificities in planta than in vitro, expression in planta generally favouring the formation of larger fructan oligomers and polymers. This implies a direct influence of the intracellular environment on the capacity for polymerization of fructosyltransferases and may have implications for the mechanism of natural fructan polymerization in vivo.  (+info)

Artichoke cultivars (var. "Blanca de Tudela") under elevated ozone concentrations. (2/19)

Ozone concentrations rise to phytotoxic levels from spring to autumn at western Mediterranean basin coastal sites, where artichoke is one of the most important crops. Simultaneously, from year to year and especially since the early 1980s, resprouting of the stumps has been decreasing in Valencian Community artichoke plantations. To see if ozone might be playing a role in this decrease, a number of plants were exposed to different levels of ozone. Results of the ozone treatments showed reduced biomass in the offshoots of plants exposed to the highest ozone treatment. The exposure to ambient ozone during the stump-establishment period, when compared to filtered-air conditions, resulted in a reduction in yield when plants were transplanted in the field under ambient ozone concentrations. And when plants were exposed to acute short picks, typical ozone visual injury appeared in the older leaves.  (+info)

Efficacy of artichoke leaf extract in the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia: a six-week placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicentre trial. (3/19)

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of artichoke leaf extract (ALE) in the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT), 247 patients with functional dyspepsia were recruited and treated with either a commercial ALE preparation (2 x 320 mg plant extract t.d.s.) or a placebo. The primary efficacy variable was the sum score of the patient's weekly rating of the overall change in dyspeptic symptoms (four-point scale). Secondary variables were the scores of each dyspeptic symptom and the quality of life (QOL) as assessed by the Nepean Dyspepsia Index (NDI). RESULTS: Two hundred and forty-seven patients were enrolled, and data from 244 patients (129 active treatment, 115 placebo) were suitable for inclusion in the statistical analysis (intention-to-treat). The overall symptom improvement over the 6 weeks of treatment was significantly greater with ALE than with the placebo (8.3 +/- 4.6, vs. 6.7 +/- 4.8, P < 0.01). Similarly, patients treated with ALE showed significantly greater improvement in the global quality-of-life scores (NDI) compared with the placebo-treated patients (- 41.1 +/- 47.6 vs. - 24.8 +/- 35.6, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The ALE preparation tested was significantly better than the placebo in alleviating symptoms and improving the disease-specific quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia.  (+info)

Flavonoids from artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) up-regulate endothelial-type nitric-oxide synthase gene expression in human endothelial cells. (4/19)

Nitric oxide (NO) produced by endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) represents an antithrombotic and anti-atherosclerotic principle in the vasculature. Hence, an enhanced expression of eNOS in response to pharmacological interventions could provide protection against cardiovascular diseases. In EA.hy 926 cells, a cell line derived from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), an artichoke leaf extract (ALE) increased the activity of the human eNOS promoter (determined by luciferase reporter gene assay). An organic subfraction from ALE was more potent in this respect than the crude extract, whereas an aqueous subfraction of ALE was without effect. ALE and the organic subfraction thereof also increased eNOS mRNA expression (measured by an RNase protection assay) and eNOS protein expression (determined by Western blot) both in EA.hy 926 cells and in native HUVECs. NO production (measured by NO-ozone chemiluminescence) was increased by both extracts. In organ chamber experiments, ex vivo incubation (18 h) of rat aortic rings with the organic subfraction of ALE enhanced the NO-mediated vasodilator response to acetylcholine, indicating that the up-regulated eNOS remained functional. Caffeoylquinic acids and flavonoids are two major groups of constituents of ALE. Interestingly, the flavonoids luteolin and cynaroside increased eNOS promoter activity and eNOS mRNA expression, whereas the caffeoylquinic acids cynarin and chlorogenic acid were without effect. Thus, in addition to the lipid-lowering and antioxidant properties of artichoke, an increase in eNOS gene transcription may also contribute to its beneficial cardiovascular profile. Artichoke flavonoids are likely to represent the active ingredients mediating eNOS up-regulation.  (+info)

Antispasmodic activity of fractions and cynaropicrin from Cynara scolymus on guinea-pig ileum. (5/19)

This study describes the antispasmodic activity of some fractions and cynaropicrin, a sesquiterpene lactone from Cynara scolymus, cultivated in Brazil, against guinea-pig ileum contracted by acetylcholine. The dichloromethane fraction showed the most promising biological effects, with an IC(50) of 0.93 (0.49-1.77) mg/ml. Its main active component, the sesquiterpene lactone cynaropicrin, exhibited potent activity, with IC(50) of 0.065 (0.049-0.086) mg/ml, being about 14-fold more active than dichloromethane fraction and having similar potency to that of papaverine, a well-known antispasmodic agent. The results confirm the popular use of artichoke for the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, and encourage new studies on this compound, in order to obtain new antispasmodic agents.  (+info)

Evaluation of the relaxant action of some Brazilian medicinal plants in isolated guinea-pig ileum and rat duodenum. (6/19)

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the possible antispasmodic activity in vitro of methanolic extracts (ME) of six Brazilian medicinal plants. METHODS: The extracts were evaluated on isolated guinea-pig ileum and rat duodenum preparations. RESULTS: Rubus imperialis, Maytenus robusta, Ipomoea pes caprae and Epidendrum mosenii did not inhibit the contractile response elicited by acetylcholine on guinea-pig ileum. On the other hand, ME from Calophyllum brasiliense and Cynara scolymus exhibited significant inhibitory activity for the contractile response elicited by acetylcholine on guinea-pig ileum and on rat duodenum in a noncompetitive and concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that, of the six medicinal plants evaluated, only the ME of Calophyllum brasiliense and Cynara scolymus show probable antispasmodic activity, confirming and justifying their use in folk medicine for the treatment of intestinal disorders.  (+info)

In vitro and in vivo survival and transit tolerance of potentially probiotic strains carried by artichokes in the gastrointestinal tract. (7/19)

The ability of potentially probiotic strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus paracasei to survive on artichokes for at least 90 days was shown. The anchorage of bacterial strains to artichokes improved their survival in simulated gastrointestinal digestion. L. paracasei IMPC2.1 was further used in an artichoke human feeding study involving four volunteers, and it was shown that the organism could be recovered from stools.  (+info)

Daily polyphenol intake in France from fruit and vegetables. (8/19)

The objective of this study was to create a French database on the polyphenol content of fruit and vegetables as uncooked fruits and vegetables and then to evaluate polyphenol intake through fruit and vegetable consumption in France. To achieve this, we used the Folin-Ciocalteu method adapted to fruit and vegetable polyphenol quantitation (1). Vegetables with the highest polyphenol concentration were artichokes, parsley, and brussels sprouts [>250 mg of gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100 g fresh edible portion (FEP)]; fruits with the highest concentrations were strawberries, lychees, and grapes (>180 mg of GAE/100 g FEP). Conversely, melons (Cantaloupe cv.) and avocados had the lowest polyphenol concentration for fruits and vegetables, respectively. Based on fruit consumption data, apples and strawberries are the main sources of polyphenols in the French diet, whereas potatoes, lettuces, and onions are the most important vegetable sources. Total polyphenol intake from fruit is about 3 times higher than from vegetables, due to the lower polyphenol concentration in vegetables. The calculation of polyphenol intake, based on both assessment methods used [(Societe d'Etudes de la Communication, Distribution et Publicite (SECODIP) and Supplementation en Vitamines et Mineraux Antioxydants (SUVIMAX)], showed that apples and potatoes provide approximatively half of the total polyphenol intake from fruit and vegetables in the French diet.  (+info)

Buy Plant medicine extracts cynara scolymus extract/artichoke leaf extract 5% Cynarin powder from quality herb extract,herb medecine,plant extract manufacturers of greenspringherbmedecine-com.
Some side effects reported with the use of globe artichoke are diarrhea and flatulence. Globe artichoke may interact with some medications, including antiplatelet medications (e.g., ASA, clopidogrel), anticoagulant medications (e.g., warfarin), or medications to lower cholesterol (e.g., rosuvastatin).. Do not use globe artichoke if you have a biliary obstruction (a blockage in the bile duct). If you have gallstones, check with your health care provider before using globe artichoke.. Do not use globe artichoke if you are allergic to it or to any plants in the Asteraceae family (e.g. chamomile, ragweed, chrysanthemum, sunflower, tansy and yarrow).. Do not use globe artichoke if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.. Contact your health care provider if your symptoms persist or worsen.. Before taking any new medications, including natural health products, speak to your physician, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Tell your health care provider about any natural health products you may be ...
Order European delicacy. Artichoke, Cynara scolymus, easily at Sand Mountain Herbs.com. Artichoke and every herb sold is useful medicinally or in some other practical application, and many have beautiful and unusual flowers too. So come buy and see our huge variety of herbal plant seeds today!
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Globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is an out-crossing, perennial, multi-use crop species that is grown worldwide and belongs to the Compositae, one of the most successful Angiosperm families. We describe the first genome sequence of globe artichoke. The assembly, comprising of 13,588 scaffolds covering 725 of the 1,084 Mb genome, was generated using ~133-fold Illumina sequencing data and encodes 26,889 predicted genes. Re-sequencing (30×) of globe artichoke and cultivated cardoon (C. cardunculus var. altilis) parental genotypes and low-coverage (0.5 to 1×) genotyping-by-sequencing of 163 F1 individuals resulted in 73% of the assembled genome being anchored in 2,178 genetic bins ordered along 17 chromosomal pseudomolecules. This was achieved using a novel pipeline, SOILoCo (Scaffold Ordering by Imputation with Low Coverage), to detect heterozygous regions and assign parental haplotypes with low sequencing read depth and of unknown phase. SOILoCo provides a powerful tool for de novo
Ingredients: Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) (leaf extract) (Guaranteed 30 mg [5%] caffeolquinic acid and derivatives), Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) (leaf), Cellulose, Gelatin Capsule, Magnesium Stearate and Silica Directions: As a dietary supplement, take two capsules one or two times a day wiht meals or a glass of water.
The Plant Profiler provides detailed information and bioactive compounds for numerous different plant species. The high quality, evidence-based information on each Plant Profiler page is gathered by Natural Standard, the authority on integrative medicine.
Artichoke Leaves Tag Bag ships to Canada, USA and Worldwide. Botanical extracts and organic bulk herbs,spices and tea. Wholesale prices at Sunrise Botanics.
In the video below, I summarize the pros and cons of Artichoke Leaf Extract... And how to best use it for maximum safety and effectiveness. So How
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Gluten intolerance - myth or misunderstood?. Saturday, The Age, June 28, 2014. Andrew Masterson. For complete article, see link at the bottom of this post.. This is a very interesting article about gluten being the possible cause of intestinal problems (celiac disease) and the relationship of intestinal problems and FODMAP (The acronym stands for fermentable oligo-saccharides, disaccharides, mono-saccharides and polyols).. If I eat artichokes, I get cramp and wind.. But, what type of artichokes?. There are two types of artichokes, the leafy Globe artichokes and the tuber Jerusalem artichokes. Globe artichokes have NO relation of the tuber-like, Jerusalem artichoke.. In my experience problem artichokes are more than often he tuber variety, the Jerusalem artichoke.. In many other cultures when one mentions artichoke, Globe artichoke is the one that they think of. The Globe artichoke is considered to be the true artichoke - one of a large member of the thistle family. Globe artichokes are ...
Cynara scolymus Glauca - Artichoke vegetable - It is a perennial growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The globe artichoke is often cultivated in the garden and
4. DISCUSSION The present results showed that water makes up the majority of fresh weight of artichoke ranged from 88-87%. The mean concentration for moisture in onion ranged from 85-95%, which can be considered as a usual range for the moisture of onions [37, 15]. The onions ash content was 0.35±0.03 g/100 g are similar to Ketiku [42] and lower than the results reported by other investigators [2, 74]. The protein content in onion and artichoke was in the range observed by Moreau et al. [53] but lower than that reported by other researchers [2, 36, 63]. However, several fractions related to the carbohydrate content were predominant in onions [65]. The present results showed that the carbohydrate in artichoke and onion accounts the major portions of dry matter contributing as much as 83.36 and 90.26% respectively. Similar results were obtained by Rodríguez-Cabezas et al. [64]. The principle component of these carbohydrates is a series of FOS fructosylpolymer of DP ranged from 3:10. These ...
Planting Artichokes Artichokes (Cynara scolymus) plants are a member of the thistle family. An artichoke plant will make a bold statement to any garden with its long silvery green foliage and bright purple flowers. To keep your Artichoke plants growing at a steady pace feed them Happy Meal Artichoke
Acanthus mollis (bears breeches): flowers and seed spikes, huge glossy leaves, mid-Sept-Nov. HP, 1-1.5m.. Arum marmoratum Italicum (Italian arum): new variegated leaves/berries mid-Sept onwards. HP, 35cm.. Berberis thunbergii atropurpureum (purple barberry): purple leaves turn red, Oct-Nov. HS, 2m.. Blackberry Loch Maree: fabulous leaf colour, red and black berries, Sept-Nov. HC, 2m.. Canna indica (Indian shot): leaves and flowers mid Sept-first frost. HHP, 2m+.. Cornus (dogwood): leaf colour Oct; stems through winter. HS/HT, 2-8m (less with pruning).. Cotinus coggygria (smoke bush): leaf colour mid-Sept-Nov. HS, 5m (less with pruning).. Cotoneaster horizontalis: berries until winter. HS, 1m x 2m.. Cynara cardunculus (cardoon): flowers/dried seed heads/huge leaves until winter. HP, 2.5m.. Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke): flower heads and leaves mid-Sept-Nov. HP, 2m.. Dahlia: leaves and flowers mid Sept-first frost. HHP, 40cm-1.5m.. Dipsacus follonum (native teasel): seed heads mid-Sept-Nov. ...
Somewhere along the finish, the Romans realized artichokes also prefabricated majuscule appetizers, and they acquire been a conventional European substance ever since.. The Emotional calumny for this greenish-purple vegetative is Cynara scolymus. Sometimes titled Country or Orb artichoke, its the prime of the position that is sold in marketplace stores. But dont fox it with the Jerusalem vegetable, which is rattling a tuber that grows in Solon Land.. One line vegetable supplies 20 pct of the vitamin C you pauperism for the day. With exclusive 60 calories, its also a favourable germ of potassium and magnesium, both useful for a salubrious suspicion. And equivalent most fruits and vegetables, its packed with disease-fighting antioxidants that nutritionists praise most.. 3 structure artichokes protect you intelligent. Steps up digestion. As it turns out, the ancient Romans were onto something when ites to artichokes and digestion. An fixings in vegetable leaves helps your liver contour bile - ...
Benefits:. LSA Caps helps you take care of your liver, so it can take care of you. Generally considered the hardest working organ in the body, the liver performs more functions than any other. Most commonly known for detoxification, it also helps maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, supports proper glucose metabolism, assimilates numerous vitamins and nutrients efficiently, enhances cellular energy production, and much more. LSA Caps supplies nutrients to nourish the liver. Use LSA Caps daily to experience widespread systemic health improvements while warding off potentially serious health consequences.. How to Use:. Take 2 capsules twice daily.. Ingredient Breakdown:. Artichoke Leaf Extract 10:1 (Cynara Scolymus) - The compounds that make up artichoke leaf-primarily cynarin-have demonstrated antioxidant action and the ability to help maintain healthy digestion and liver function through promotion of healthy bile flow.. Broccoli Extract 20:1 - Broccoli, like all cruciferous vegetables, ...
Artichoke - Globe (Cynara Scolymus) 262. Uses The globe artichoke is seldom found in American gardens. The edible parts are the base of the flower heads and the midribs of the large blanched leaves;...
Tocopherol (Anti-Oxidant), protects hair from free radicals. Protects scalp from transepidermal water loss.. Tucuma Seed Butter, tames frizz and revives dry, dull hair. Helps maintain hydration, suppleness, and elasticity.. Pequi Fruit Oil, adds shine and reduce frizz by smoothing hair cuticles.. Broccoli Seed Oil, conditions hair and leaves hair smooth and glossy.. Red Algae Extract, provides strength, vitality, and reduces frizz.. Full Ingredient List: Aqua/Water/Eau, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glycerin, Cetyl Esters, Behentrimonium Chloride, Astrocaryum Tucuma Seed Butter, Caryocar Brasiliense Fruit Oil, Prunus Domestica Seed Oil, Brassica Oleracea Italica (Broccoli) Seed Oil, Porphyra Umbilicalis Extract, Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Seed Protein, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Extract, Hibiscus Esculentus Seed Extract, Cynara Scolymus (Artichoke) Leaf Extract, Panthenol, Phytic Acid, Propanediol, Dimethiconol Panthenol, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Polyquaternium-6, Butyl ...
1 1/2 tablespoons mayonnaise. Canola or olive oil. 1. Bring a pot of salted water to a boil. While you wait for that, remove any hard or dead looking leaves from the artichokes. Cut off the stem from each artichoke, setting them aside. Trim 1/2 inch from the top of each artichoke, then use scissors to remove the tips of any thorny leaves. Now split each artichoke in half. This makes cooking them much faster.. When the water comes to a boil, add the artichoke halves and stems. Throw in the bay leaf, peppercorns, and garlic. Cover and vigorously simmer until tender. I estimated 30 to 45 minutes for my artichokes but the cooking time depends on the size and variety of artichokes. Check the cooking progress every fifteen minutes or so. When done, a leaf should pull away easily but the artichoke should not be mushy. Use tongs to remove the artichokes from the pot, placing them on a plate, cut side down, to drain and cool. The artichokes can be prepped up to 2 days in advance. Return them to room ...
Recommended Dose (Adults):. 4 capsules, 3 times daily with water.. Medicinal Ingredient: Each capsule contains 500mg of dried leaf powder Cynara scolymus L. (Artichoke).. Non-medicinal Ingredient:. Vegetable capsule. Cautions/Warnings: Consult a health care practitioner if symptoms persist or worsen; prior to use if you are pregnant; if you have gallstones.. Contraindications: Do not use if you are allergic to plants of the Asteraceae/Compositae/Daisy family; if you have a bile duct obstruction. Hypersensitivity (e.g. allergy) has been known to occur; in which case, discontinue use.. Keep out of reach of children. Do not use if exterior security seal is broken.. ...
Artichoke is a plant with antioxidant properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of artichoke extract pretreatment on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity. Rats were given artichoke leaf extract (1.5 g/kg/day) by gavage for 2 weeks and after then CCl4 (1 ml/kg; i.p.) was applied. All rats were killed 24 11 after the CCl4 injection. CCl4 administration resulted in hepatic necrosis and significant increases in plasma transaminase activities as well as hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and diene conjugate (DC) levels in the liver of rats. Glutathione (GSH) and vitamin C levels decreased, but vitamin E levels increased in the liver Of CCl4-treated rats. Hepatic Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities remained unchanged, but glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione transferase (GST) activities decreased following CCl4 treatment. In rats pretreated with artichoke extract, significant decreases in plasma transaminase activities and amelioration in ...
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The artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is an herbaceous perennial plant that is grown for its edible flower buds. This large plant requires plenty of space.
Inspired by spring and the appearance of both artichokes and asparagus, Katherine explains artichoke morphology in the first of two posts about bracts and scales. Artichokes dont exactly look like food, and their name in English is homely and offputting. The scientific name is no better. Cynara cardunculus variety scolymus rolls off the tongue like…
Nutrition Facts Comparison For 100 Grams Of Artichokes (globe Or French) Raw Vs 1 Artichoke, Large Of Artichokes (globe Or French) Raw Vs 1 Artichoke, Medium Of Artichokes (globe Or French) Raw
RENEGADE GARDENER™ The lone voice of horticultural reason Renegade Edibles 03-1-16 - Vegetable gardening - edibles to those on the east and west coasts - is the fastest growing niche in gardening, but you dont need me to tell you how to grow tomatoes, peppers and carrots. Thats what normal websites are for. What you NEED is the Renegade take - a succinct primer on some of the more exotic, hip and happening new varieties of vegetables that you wont find in your neighbors garden, or even at the farmers market. Live a little. Grow something unusual. Lettage (Brassica) No one you know grows it, and its very tasty. Lettage is a form of pointy headed cabbage that has been cultivated and enjoyed in Europe for quite some time, but is just now becoming popular in the US and Canada. Bejo Seeds, an organic seed producer in California, has recently come out with a new variety named SweetHeart Lettage. Unlike European varieties, SweetHeart heads are smaller, growing around six inches tall to twelve inches
The sucrose:sucrose-1-fructosyl transferase gene and the fructan-fructan-1-fructosyl transferase from Cynara scolymus code for enzymes involved in fructan metabolism. Potato plants were modified to constitutively express these genes leading to the production of the trisaccharide, kestose, the tetrasaccharide, nystose as well as fructans ...
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Spinach And Artichoke Stuffed Artichoke Bottoms recipe: Spinach & Artichoke dip is a big hit at any party. These stuffed artichokes offer a new twist on an old classic and they will certainly impress any party-goer!
Activ ingredient: Artichoke leaves dry extract ➤ Welcome gift ✓ Outstanding quality since 1903 ✓ From our own production ✓ Order now!
Artichokes with vegetables in a lemon-dill sauce Aginares Latheres pronounsed ahg-kee-NAH-rehs lah-theh-RES. Artichokes are very popular in Greece. This recipe combines them with dill and lemon. If you cant get fresh artichokes you can substitute frozen artichoke hearts but make sure there are no additives such as salt in them. Defrost before using. Recipe is from about.com
Here is a super easy and unique way to eat some super delicious Artichoke Hearts! First, this meal is so great to entertain with, perfect for Summer. Also it actually remains to still be very healthy. Check this out:. Some new studies have shown that artichokes contain an unusual amount of anti-oxidants, in the form of phytonutrients and in a study done by the United States Department of Agriculture, artichokes rank as the number one vegetable in anti-oxidant count!. One large artichoke contains only 25 calories, no fat, 170 milligrams of potassium, and is a good source of vitamin C, folate, magnesium and dietary fiber. The trick is to keep dressings and sauces lighter. Speaking of sauces…. ...
BABY artichokes, each cut in half, hang drying on a clothesline stretched across my kitchen. Artichoke leaves overflow the table and cascade across the floor. Dozens of meticulously trimmed large
The Cardoon Artichoke is popular in France, Italy and Spain but is less well known in the UK.Its also known as the artichoke thistle and the stalkes resemble celery.Will need to be peeled before cooking and similar to artichoke in taste.Sold per plant/ seedling.
Gas, bloating, belching, loss of appetite, nausea and discomfort may indicate a more serious condition, or dyspepsia, which is a generalized term for poor digestion. Chronic dyspepsia should be investigated for the root cause, which could be esophageal reflux, gallstones, an ulcer or another condition. Enzymes, probiotics, as well as artichoke leaf and turmeric may support digestive health.
Gas, bloating, belching, loss of appetite, nausea and discomfort may indicate a more serious condition, or dyspepsia, which is a generalized term for poor digestion. Chronic dyspepsia should be investigated for the root cause, which could be esophageal reflux, gallstones, an ulcer or another condition. Enzymes, probiotics, as well as artichoke leaf and turmeric may support digestive health.
Amaranth seed, brown rice, flax seed, spirulina algae, fructooligosaccharides, quinoa seed, flax seed hull lignans, chia seed, chlorella algae millet seed, alfalfa leaf and stem juice concentrate, licorice root, soy lecithin, carrot root, lemon grass aerial parts, papaya fruit concentrate, artichoke leaves, spinach leaves and stems, broccoli flowers, kale leaves, asparagus stems, red beet root extract, bromelain (from pineapple fruit extract), chicory root, acerola fruit extract, horsetail stem and strobilus, lemon bioflavonoid extract, sodium copper chlorophyllin, parsley leaves and pau darco bark extract.. ...
A dietary supplement to support cardiovascular function and maintenance of cholesterol levels within normal ranges. CholestSafe is a unique combination of Red Yeast Rice, Policosanols, Phytosterols, Coenzyme Q10, Chromium Polynicotinate, EPA, Artichoke Leaf Extract and Guggul lipids. It is a great addition to any diet and exercise program that is designed to support the maintenance of HDLs, cholesterol, and triglycerides within normal ranges.CAUTION: If you are taking any cholesterol-lowering medication, consult your health care practitioner before taking this product.Take 3 capsules daily with food. Daily amount may be divided between AM and PM.Three capsules contain:Chromium (as Chromium Polynicotinate) . . 200 mcgRed Yeast Rice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 mgPolicosanols (from Sugar Cane) . . . . . . .20 mgPhytosterols Complex (from soy) . . . . . .500 mgyielding total phytosterols . . . . . . .450 mgBeta sitosterol . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 mgCampesterol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Natural supplements that may help lower high cholesterol include garlic, red yeast rice, policosanol, fenugreek seeds, artichoke leaf extract, yarrow and holy basil. As of 2014, turmeric, ginger and...
Dual Phase balance is formulated to support phase I and phase II detoxification, hence the term Dual-Phase Optimizers. Ellagic acid, catechins, glycosinolates, silymarin, artichoke leaf, alpha- lipoic acid, methylsulphonylmethane (MSM), N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC), and calcium D-glucarate support critical steps in the complex process of detoxification-a function essential to overall health and vitality. This unique formula provides activated B vitamins for enhanced bioavailability, including 5-methyltetrahydro folate (5-MTHF) as a quatrafolic for optimum folate utilization. Dual Phase Balance provides antioxidant support to minimize damaging effects of free radicals generated between the two phases. Learn More ...
Hepaton-S by Grand Health is formulated with Milk Thistle, Dandelion Root, Artichoke Leaf, Choline, and Inositol to protect and support liver function
healthy oil - Supplements in the form of healthy oils are not uncommon, but Teutoburger Ölmühle is introducing a new way for consumers to fuel up befor...
Artichoke health benefits are just some of the reasons why you should start including artichoke recipes in your diet. Find out more about artichokes here.
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The prickly cactus flowers known as artichokes are one of the food high in magnesium that everyone should be acquainted with. Though artichokes can be imposing to the novice, they are easy to handle, easier to cook and wonderful top eat. Magnesium rich foods rarely come in a more elegant package.. The artichoke is a good source of vitamin C, folate and potassium as well. With little sodium and no fat, the artichoke is a luxurious way to diet - a medium artichoke is about 25 calories.. It looks unusual because it is actually a kind of thistle, and the the artichoke (or the part we eat) is in fact the flower bud of a beautiful purple thistle flower. That said, as beautiful as it is when it flowers, a flowering artichoke is one that we can no longer eat!. First things first, when you buy artichokes look for a nice clean and green color, and check to see that the petals (leaves) allow you to wiggle them a bit. I prefer larger sizes, but some recipes may call for smaller sizes or even baby ...
If you have a histamine problem, does artichoke extract help?? Which histamine receptor does artichoke affect? I just took some artichoke extract and...
Cynara cardunculus L. is a perennial species, with the autumnal-spring growth cycle and summer quiescence period. It comprises three taxa: C. cardunculus L. subsp. scolymus (L.) Hegi (globe artichoke), C. cardunculus L. var. altilis DC (cultivated cardoon) and C. cardunculus L. var. sylvestris Lam. (wild cardoon). In C. cardunculus the roots play an important role for assimilate accumulation and translocation, in fact they represent the reserve organ of the plant, especially during the summer when the aboveground biomass gets dry. Few information are available about the trend in assimilate accumulation and translocation among the three C. cardunculus taxa. This work aiming to study the genetic variation for dry matter accumulation and translocation in C. cardunculus taxa. To reach the aim of this work, during 2001-2002 growth season, at Catania location, in an experimental design with three replications one globe artichoke, one cultivated cardoon and one wild cardoon were grown. During the ...
In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the evaluating Member State (EMS), Belgium, received an application from ISK Biosciences Europe N.V. to modify the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for the active substance cyazofamid in hops, globe artichokes, leeks and spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions. In order to accommodate for the intended uses of cyazofamid, Belgium proposed to set the MRL at 0.4 mg/kg for leeks and spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions, at 0.15 mg/kg for globe artichokes and at 20 mg/kg for hops. Belgium drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission (EC) and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive a MRL of 0.4 mg/kg for spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions and a MRL of 20 mg/kg for hops. An amendment of the MRL is not proposed for globe artichokes and leeks as long as the toxicity of metabolite CCIM observed as ...
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Cynara: a play in a prologue, three acts and an epilogue, adapted from An imperfect lover , (Contemporary British dramatista) PDF By author Harold Marsh Harwood last download was at 2016-03-04 24:44:28. This book is good alternative for CYNARA, an imperfect lover. Download now for free or you can read online Cynara: a play in a prologue, three acts and an epilogue, adapted from An imperfect lover , (Contemporary British dramatista) book ...
Cynara: a play in a prologue, three acts and an epilogue, adapted from An imperfect lover , (Contemporary British dramatista) PDF By author Harold Marsh Harwood last download was at 2017-05-19 55:48:34. This book is good alternative for Cynara: a Little Book of Verse.. Download now for free or you can read online Cynara: a play in a prologue, three acts and an epilogue, adapted from An imperfect lover , (Contemporary British dramatista) book ...
R . TEAZLE 147 0 obj endobj Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. The sow THISTLE is in no sense a Thistle, but is more nearly allied to the Dandelion. The TUBEROUS PLUME THISTLE (C. tuberosus). Milk thistle has been used for over 2000 years as a remedy for ailments of the liver, kidney and gallbladder. This Thistle is eaten when young as a salad. As relatives of the globe artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ), thistles produce edible, if smaller, chokes. The standard English name in its native area is creeping thistle. The stem is erect, 2 to 3 feet high, branched only in larger plants, furrowed, interruptedly winged. Most invasive thistles came from Europe in the 1600s. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. Flowers in August. The plant is a deep dull green, the leaves sometimes slightly hoary beneath. The expressive motto of the Order, Nemo me impune lacessit (which would seem to apply most aptly ...
The artichoke tea is a delicious drink that is very popular in South America and Vietnam. The artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is used in the whole history for its medicinal value. The majority of the curative properties that the artichoke has, exist due to its active principle, the cinarina. The cinarina has been studied very much lately for its effects on reducing the cholesterol. Those that appreciate the alternative medicine can tell you the wonders the artichoke tea can do for you. The Artichoke tea has properties that can help you to reduce the levels of cholesterol, they help to attack the cancer due to the antioxidant capacity that it has. It has also an effect of small weight loss that many people enjoy ...
Herb plants, seeds and rhizomes for medicinal, culinary and other uses like natural insecticides and fertilisers (information provided where available).
This is a more compact wild relative (ancestor?) of the culinary cardoon, with deeply cut silver grey leaves heavily armed with contrasting ivory (flavescens = yellowish) needles. The large inflorescences are also fiercely spiky and mottled and the florets are of a deep violet blue. The whole plant grows to about 4ft across and about the same in height at flowering time ...
Potassium rich Jerusalem artichokes are a mystery to most of us. They are not artichokes, and have nothing to do with Jerusalem. They are native to North America, in fact, and are the roots of a plant in the daisy family related to the sunflower. Native Americans were the first to harvest them. While sunflower root would have sounded fine with most of us, the Europeans who first tasted this tuber decided it was like an artichoke. They called this artichoke girasole, which somehow morphed to Jerusalem, because, well, thats how we roll in America.. What matters here is that these are rich in potassium, with 644mg of potassium per cup, sliced. (About 150 grams.) They are also iron-rich, and can be served in a variety of ways, from sauteed to mashed to pickled.. A couple of suggestions can be found on our Jerusalem Artichoke recipe page.. ...
The leaves of globe artichoke and cultivated cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) have significant pharmaceutical properties, which mainly result from their high content of polyphenolic compounds such as monocaffeoylquinic and dicaffeoylquinic acid (DCQ), and a range of flavonoid compounds. Hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:quinate hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (HQT) encoding genes have been isolated from both globe artichoke and cultivated cardoon (GenBank accessions DQ915589 and DQ915590, respectively) using CODEHOP and PCR-RACE. A phylogenetic analysis revealed that their sequences belong to one of the major acyltransferase groups (anthranilate N-hydroxycinnamoyl/benzoyltransferase). The heterologous expression of globe artichoke HQT in E. coli showed that this enzyme can catalyze the esterification of quinic acid with caffeoyl-CoA or p-coumaroyl-CoA to generate, respectively, chlorogenic acid (CGA) and p-coumaroyl quinate. Real time PCR experiments demonstrated an increase in the expression level of HQT in UV-C treated
Name: cynara Proper name: Cynara Ground string: Cynara is here. Title: Created: Sun Dec 29 03:06:07 2013 Description ----------------------------------------------------- Cynara is short and of average build, with hazel eyes. Her dark brown hair is shoulder length, but unkempt and messy. Her pale skin is freckled, and you guess her to be fairly young, perhaps around 21 years old. ----------------------------------------------------------------- Homepage URL: http://churchofgoogle.org Level Mage: 30 Cler: 24 Thie: 14 Warr: 19 Necr: 9 Drui: 4 Total levels in all classes: 100 Fame: 230 Clan: mortefus sententia Rank: first rank initiate Level Feats Performed --------------------------------- 39 Marked with ill-favor by sea for slaying an albatross. 35 Defeated the Mountain King and obtained Peacekeeper, sword of order 42 Defeated Khir Ablishak in her icy lair 40 Slew the icy krakken. 38 Saved Ubar from RubAl-Khani, servant of Talos 39 Found and defeated The last of the fallen magi 32 Slayer of the ...
Blooms Liver Detox 1-a-day is a premium quality 100% natural; vegetarian friendly; high potency daily formula. Using Blooms Liver Detox 1-a-day daily can help protect your liver from the damaging effects of chemical pollutants.Vegetarian friendly.. Features/Indications. Blooms Liver Detox 1-a-day is a premium quality formula combining traditional herbs used to help support and maintain healthy liver function. Milk thistle and Globe Artichoke are included to protect and support healthy liver function and help relieve minor digestive disturbances. These high antioxidant herbs help to detoxify the body and remove unwanted toxins that can be caused from external factors such as pollution.Milk Thistle (also known as St Marys Thistle and Blessed Thistle) has a long history of use as a traditional remedy for liver & gallbladder health. Milk Thistle assists the liver with detoxification processes and supports the regeneration of liver cells.Globe Artichoke helps stimulate bile flow and is traditionally ...
An organic fibre supplement designed to help support and maintain a healthy digestive system and lower intestinal tract. Containing flaxseed, psyllium husk and slippery elm powders blended together with many other powerful ingredients to maintain and balance general health and well being. Product Usage Take two tablets three times daily with food. Adequate fluid intake is also important. Ingredients Flax Seed Powder, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Psyllium Husk Powder, Gum Arabic, Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose, Prune Fruit Powder, Apple Fruit Powder, Artichoke Leaf powder, Gentian Root Powder, Marshmallow Root Powder, Shellac, Magnesium Stearate, Silicon Dioxide, Alfalfa Leaf Powder, Aloe Vera Leaf, Capsicum Fruit Powder, Echinacea Root Powder, Fructooligosaccharides, Slippery Elm Bark Powder, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Protease, Cellulase, Lactase, Lipase, Amylase, Corn Starch, Hydroxypropylmethyl Cellulose, Maltodextrin.
Psoriasis is curable in many people by improving bile flow with bile acids supplements like Ox bile, Artichoke Leaf Extract or Dehydrocholic acid and Lecithin. Those who have studied some research data about the bile acids know that there are a lot of unanswered questions about the acids produce ...
2013 - SIMBIOSE, funded by Ciência Viva - FCT (7953.00 €).. 2013 - SuStentare. This project won the national award Inova - Jovens Criativos, Empreendedores para o Século XXI, Concurso de Ideias, na categoria Criatividade and was presented to 11ª Edition of the award of Fundation Ilídio Pinho being funded in the first phase of the contest.. 2014 - SalivaTec - CENTRO-07-CT62-FEDER-005004 (680 019.00€).. 2015 - ValBioTecCynara - Valorização económica do cardo (Cynara cardunculus): variabilidade natural e as suas aplicações biotecnológicas, ALT20-03-0145-FEDER-000038, cofinanciado pelo Programa Operacional Regional do Alentejo (ALENTEJO 2020), com participação financeira FEDER (713 137.90 €).. 2017 - Molecular insight into Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) coordinated by UCP was approved by Consortium Coordinated Research Infrastructures Building Enduring Life (Corbel).Projects. 2017 - iCheese - Cynara Innovation for best Cheese (PDR2020-101-031002) (430 121.47€).. 2017 - ...
Artichoke & Milk Thistle is a potent herbal supplement formulated to support liver and digestive health.. Artichoke flower extract has three active constituents, cynarin, luteolin, and chlorogenic acid, that serve as a pre- and probiotic to aid in digestion, as an antioxidant to support the hepatic, biliary, and cardiovascular systems, and also as a diuretic for renal support.1 Milk Thistle seed extract contains 80% silymarin. Silymarin also supports the function of the hepatic, biliary, and digestive systems, serves as an antioxidant to optimize immunity, and helps maintain normal glycemic control.2. A potential side effect of this supplement is gastrointestinal upset, so we recommend giving Artichoke & Milk Thistle tablets with a meal. If patients have concurrent medical conditions, including insulin resistance, cholestasis, or renal insufficiency, please contact our veterinary support team for recommendations. References:. 1Kuzla M, Adamska K, Senczuk-Przybylowska M, et al. Artichoke-herbal ...
Nella terza installazione digestiva ho deciso di scardinare lordine cronologico della discussione saltando ad una serie di minimonografie di piante con un certo bagaglio di letteratura sperimentale e clinica, e che, più o meno tirate per i tricomi, possono dirsi piante anche alimentari. Ci sarà tempo per ritornare a discorsi di ordine più teorico.. -------------------------------. Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus Hayek - Asteraceae. Native to the Mediterranean area; the basal leaves were used as medicine as far back as ancient Roman times. It was used, as was characteristic of bitter remedies, primarily as a digestive and liver aid, to help stimulate the appetite, provide relief from nausea, stomach ache, flatulence, and a sense of fullness. More recently it has been described as liver protective, a choleretic, and a cholagogue. As with many members of the Asteraceae, it contains bitter-tasting sesquiterpene lactones, although the most characteristic and active compounds are ...
Capers. Using a super sharp knife, trim ends of artichoke stems. With kitchen scissors, snip spiky ends of leaves. Cut artichokes in half and squeeze lemon to prevent from browning. Using a spoon, scoop out the hairy insides. In a large pot of boiling water, parboil artichokes for 10 minutes until tender. Strain. Transfer to a baking sheet and brush with oil, season with salt and sprinkle minced garlic in each cavity. Roast for 15 minutes at 400. Flip and brush with remaining oil and season with salt, then roast face down for 15 minutes. Flip again and roast for another 10 minutes, turning on broil for the last minute to char. Serve with aioli for dipping!. ...
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The yellow tip Anthocharis scolymus has a heterogeneous retina with two types of ommatidia, details of which we have identified by light and electron microscopy. Using light microscopic histology, the ommatidial types are characterized by a difference in color and distribution of the perirhabdomeral pigment clusters (Fig. 2). Combined histology and fluorescence microscopy reveals that the trapezoidal ommatidial type emits strong fluorescence under 420 nm excitation light (Fig. 3). Electron microscopy further reveals that the ommatidial types differ in the shape of the rhabdom and the arrangement of the rhabdomeral microvilli (Fig. 4).. The eye heterogeneity of Anthocharis scolymus with two ommatidial types seems rather simple, for other insect species so far studied have three or more types of ommatidia. In another pierid butterfly, Pieris rapae crucivora, three types of ommatidia are evident, even by light microscopy, from three distinct patterns of pigment clusters: trapezoidal, square and ...
These tasty whole Italian artichoke hearts are a much loved Sicilian antipasto. Super soft and tender but crisp at the same time, they have been selected and picked one by one, by hand and placed fresh into the jar. They are preserved in locally produced Sicilian olive oil.
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Mushroom & Artichoke Risotto based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Butter, salted, White Rice, short grain, cooked, Olive Oil, Artichokes, frozen, Shiitake Mushrooms and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Find Out How Many Calories Are In On The Go Bistro Stuffed Chicken Appetizers Artichoke With Blended Cheeses, Good or Bad Points and Other Nutrition Facts about it. Take a look at On The Go Bistro Stuffed Chicken Appetizers Artichoke With Blended Cheeses related products and other millions of foods.
European standardized milk thistle with the added benefits of turmeric and artichoke to improve and support liver and gall bladder function. Milk Thistle with Artichoke & Turmeric is ensured to contain 80% silymarin, providing 140mg per capsule.
Jerusalem artichoke vs Red cabbage - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Compare Jerusalem artichoke to Red cabbage by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool.
Zeus had a plan. He thought that whenever his wife Hera was away, hed get together with Cynara. However, Cynara soon became homesick. She missed her mother, so she slipped back to the earth for a short but meaningful visit with the mortals. When she returned, it was quite apparent that she had a new attitude. Zeus wasnt particularly happy with her un-goddess-like behavior. He threw a fit and tossed her back to earth, and he changed her into the plant that we now call the artichoke.. ...
Poly(A)+ RNA isolated from flower buds of Cynara cardunculus has been used to prepare a cDNA library. Screening of the cDNA after… Expand ...
Sarmento AC, Lopes H, Oliveira CS, Vitorino R, Samyn B, Sergeant K, Debyser G, Van Beeumen J, Domingues P, Amado F, Pires E, Domingues MRM, Barros MT. (2009). Multiplicity of aspartic proteinases from Cynara cardunculus L. Planta: 230 (2), 429 ...
BioAssay record AID 1084646 submitted by ChEMBL: Antispasmodic activity in rat ileum assessed as inhibition of histamine-induced contraction.
Stressed and hormonal Stress can negatively affect the menstrual cycle and menopause. The adrenal glands are the only source of testosterone for the body, and in menopause they are the only source of oestrogen and progesterone. These hormones combined with the adrenal hormones are important for healthy hormonal balance. Premenstrual tension and a difficult Menopause are common in women who are stressed and have overworked adrenal glands. To reduce the effects of stress on hormonal balance, stress support is essential. Nutritional recommendations: • B Vitamins, Magnesium and Siberian ginseng offer stress support. • 5HTP or St johns wort help to reduce anxiety and raise a low mood. (These cannot be taken alongside anti-depressants). • Zinc and Vitamin B6 offer hormonal support and re-balancing. • Liver support with Globe artichoke or Milk thistle is needed for excretion of excess oestrogens from the body. This is important for pre-menstrual tension, which is often due to excess
Nutrition Facts for Cooked Artichokes (Globe Or French) - Get a bar chart of the top 10 nutrients, and click to see an expanded list of over 151 nutrients, including amino acids.
Jerusalem artichoke is sweet and crispy because of raw, smooth and aromatic. What is surprising that is not a more ordinary vegetable like seasonal vegetables.
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Although the entire artichoke crop was lost in the December freeze, the plants have recovered and are building up to a normal spring harvest. Picking will be in full swing by early March, says Patty
Note, Jerusalem Artichokes are very high in fiber and can be hard on the digestive system, if you are not used to a high fiber intake, you might experience some extra wind the next day. As noted above the lentils are optional. Pulses in general has been one of my problem foods, also the biggest reason why Im neither vegetarian of vegan. I have focused on bringing back more and more pulses to my diet this year. And in periods it has been going great, but my system has to be stable for me to be able to tolerate them. If you like me have a bit of an issue with this food group, you can either leave them out, or replace them with yellow split peas (which is in general tolerated better). The yellow split peas need longer cooking time though, and I recommend you cook them before adding them to the soup pot. As the cauliflower can go a bit bitter if cooked for too long.. ...
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The added toppings on this vegan artichoke pizza -caramelized onions, red bell peppers, and basil - make it extra tasty. Serve with a big salad.
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The tubers are sometimes used as a substitute for potatoes: They have a similar consistency, and in their raw form have a similar texture, but a sweeter, nuttier flavour. Raw and sliced thinly, they are fit for a salad. Their inulin form of carbohydrates give the tubers a tendency to become soft and mushy if boiled, but they retain their texture better when steamed. The inulin cannot be broken down by the human digestive system, but it is metabolised by bacteria in the colon. This can cause flatulence and, in some cases, gastric pain. Gerards Herbal, printed in 1621, quotes the English botanist John Goodyer on Jerusalem artichokes: Which way soever they be dressed and eaten, they stir and cause a filthy loathsome stinking wind within the body, thereby causing the belly to be pained and tormented, and are a meat more fit for swine than men. ...
Dr. Oz talks about anti-aging superstars. Artichoke extract helps to protect liver and lower LDL cholesterol. Bacopa supplements improve memory.
The tubers are sometimes used as a substitute for potatoes: They have a similar consistency, and in their raw form have a similar texture, but a sweeter, nuttier flavour. Raw and sliced thinly, they are fit for a salad. Their inulin form of carbohydrates give the tubers a tendency to become soft and mushy if boiled, but they retain their texture better when steamed. The inulin cannot be broken down by the human digestive system, but it is metabolised by bacteria in the colon. This can cause flatulence and, in some cases, gastric pain. Gerards Herbal, printed in 1621, quotes the English botanist John Goodyer on Jerusalem artichokes: Which way soever they be dressed and eaten, they stir and cause a filthy loathsome stinking wind within the body, thereby causing the belly to be pained and tormented, and are a meat more fit for swine than men. ...
Waitrose Kitchen chicken, jerusalem artichokes, leeks and lemons recipe on Waitrose.com. Visit the Waitrose website for more recipes and ideas.
Artichoke, Garlic Parmesan Dip recipe: This recipe is a hit wherever I take it. I copied it from a friend at a baby shower because I liked it so much. I love it for its simplicity and great taste!
Shallot____________1 Artichokes ________ 6 middle Scamorza Cheese___350 grams* Brie Cheese________150 grams White wine ______ 1 glass Lasagna
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Learn more about Artichoke at West Florida Hospital Uses Principal Proposed Uses High Cholesterol ...
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Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) 34 [58] Yellow mongoose. (Cynictis penicillata) 36 Tibetan sand fox. (Vulpes ferrilata) 36 ...
The larvae feed on Arctium, Carduus, Cirsium, Cynara and Silybum species. They are a pest of Cynara scolymus. The females lay ...
Cynara scolymus). They mine the leaves of their host plant in a sizable blotch with an ample quantity of frass. The larva may ...
The larva feeds on the roots of Cynara scolymus. Insecta pro Van der Goot,V.S. (1981) De zweefvliegen van Noordwest - Europa en ...
The larvae feed on Scrophularia, Cynara scolymus and Stachys species. They hollow out the terminal shoots of their host plant ...
... was first isolated from the leaves of the Cynara scolymus L. (artichoke) in 1959 by a group of researchers of the ... On hydrogenation products of cynaropicrin, the bitter principle of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.)". Collection of Czechoslovak ... Cynara scolymus L.): structure requirement and mode of action". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 13 (2): 223-228. doi: ... "Lipophilic Extracts of Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis (DC): A Source of Valuable Bioactive Terpenic Compounds". Journal of ...
The larvae are polyphagous feeding on various herbaceous plants including Beta vulgaris, Cynara scolymus, Medicago sativa and ...
Cynara scolymus, Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) ...
Cynara cardunculus Scolymus Group, sometimes distinguished as Cynara scolymus or C. cardunculus var. scolymus (L.) Fiori), ... Cynara scolymus L. Atlas of Living Australia. "Cynara cardunculus : Artichoke Thistle - Atlas of Living Australia". ala.org.au ... The cardoon, Cynara cardunculus, also called the artichoke thistle, is a thistle in the sunflower family. It is a naturally ... A Cynara cardunculus plant at anthesis bearing white flowers "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 9 ...
It is made from 13 herbs and plants, predominant amongst which is the artichoke (Cynara scolymus), from which the drink derives ...
Perennial border - includes artichoke (Cynara scolymus), Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra), giant hyssop (Hyssopus ...
In food It can be found in dandelion (the highest concentration in the flowers, but also in the roots) and in Cynara scolymus ( ...
The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is a species of thistle cultivated as a food. Artichoke may also refer ...
Cynara scolymus and Opuntia ficus-indica, researchers concluded that "no compelling evidence exists to suggest that any ...
Xanthium strumarium and Cynara scolymus. They skeletonize the leaves of their host plant. They rest along the midrib of the ...
... cynara MeSH B06.388.100.100.269.500 - cynara scolymus MeSH B06.388.100.100.289 - dahlia MeSH B06.388.100.100.310 - echinacea ... scolymus MeSH B06.388.100.100.775 - scorzonera MeSH B06.388.100.100.800 - senecio MeSH B06.388.100.100.816 - solidago MeSH ...
... sea kale Cynara cardunculus, cardoon Cynara scolymus, artichoke Dioscorea bulbifera, air potato Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem ...
Cynara scolymus) is now allotted to people as ḥurfesh beni adam, while its wild variety (Cynara syriaca) as ḥurfesh el-ḥamir is ... It is to be noted, however, that the vast majority of Talmudic exegetes explain the sense of this word as meaning Cynara (= ...
The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus), also known by the names French artichoke and green artichoke in the U.S ... Media related to Cynara scolymus at Wikimedia Commons Artichoke at Wikibook Cookbooks Artichoke Cooking Soups and Stews Links ... Cynarine is a chemical constituent in Cynara. The majority of the cynarine found in artichoke is located in the pulp of the ... The artichoke is a domesticated variety of the wild cardoon (Cynara cardunculus), which is native to the Mediterranean area. ...
Canary Islands Cynara makrisii Cynara scolymus (syn. C. cardunculus var. scolymus) - artichoke - area of origins unclear but ... Cynara scolymus (syn. C. cardunculus var. scolymus) is the common edible globe artichoke. It differs from C. cardunculus in ... Portugal Cynara auranitica - Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Turkey Cynara baetica - Spain, Morocco Cynara ... Cynara cornigera leaves and flowers are eaten raw or cooked in Crete. Cynara species are used as food plants by the larvae of ...
1791 Mazza scolymus (Gmelin, 1791) Turbinellus scolymus (Gmelin, 1791) Fusus cynara Röding, 1798 Fasciolaria cardoscolym G. ... Xancus angulata (Lightfoot, 1786) Voluta angulata Lightfoot, 1786 Murex scolymus Gmelin, ...
Milk Cheese Manufactured with Extracts from Flowers of Cynara cardunculus and Cynara humilis as Coagulants". Journal of ... also known as Scots or Scotch thistle Scolymus - golden thistle or oyster thistle Silybum - milk thistle Sonchus - sow thistle ... Conversely however, the genus Cynara includes commercially important species of artichoke and some species regarded as major ... blessed thistle Cynara - artichoke, cardoon Echinops - globe thistle Notobasis - Syrian thistle Onopordum - cotton thistle, ...
Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke), Helianthus annuus (sunflower), Smallanthus sonchifolius (yacón), Carthamus tinctorius ( ...
Cynara scolymus (orburua), Smallanthus sonchifolius (yacón), eta Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke), Artemisia ...
Cynara - Artichokes, Cardoon. *Echinops - Globethistle. *Notobasis - Syrian thistle. *Onopordum - Cotton Thistle, also known as ... Scolymus - Golden Thistle or Oyster Thistle. *Silybum - Milk Thistle. *Sonchus - Sow Thistle ...
Cynara L. - artichoke Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z External links Dacryotrichia Wild Dahlia ... Scolymus L. - golden thistle Scorzonella Nutt. Scorzonera L. - [salsify] Scorzoneroides Moench Scrobicaria Cass. Scyphocoronis ...
Cynara L.. DSzerkesztés. Tartalomjegyzék Elejére · 0-9 · A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ...
Roskov Y., Kunze T., Orrell T., Abucay L., Paglinawan L., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Decock W., De Wever A., Didžiulis V. (ed) (2014). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Ginkuhà 26 May 2014 ...
De weg naar een perfecte tuin gaat niet over rozen. Lees over de belevenissen van een tuinkabouter die een echte tuinier wil worden. Boordevol zadenlijsten en heel veel tips en andere tuininformatie.
Cynara scolymus (da); Cynara scolymus (ro); Cynara scolymus, Cynara cardunculus. Scolymus-Gruppen (sv); צינר, קנרס, Cynara ... Cynara scolymus (eo); Cynara scolymus (cs); carciofo (it); আর্টিচোক (bn); Cynara scolymus (fr); Gardun, Cynara cardunculus (hr ... Cynara scolymus (co); Þistilhjörtu (is); Cynara scolymus, Cynara cardunculus, артишок посевной, кардон (ru); Cynara scolymus ( ... Cynara scolymus (pl); Artiskokk (nb); Artičoke (sh); Αγγινάρα (el); ආටිචෝක් (nl); Cynara scolymus (pcd); escarxofera, Cynara ...
Bob Corrigan added text to "Brief Summary" on "Cynara scolymus L.".. Cynara scolymus is a member of the Asteraceae (also known ... Leo Shapiro set "Image of Cynara scolymus" as an exemplar on "Cynara scolymus L.". ... Michаel Frаnkis marked "File:Cynara July 2011-1.jpg" as trusted on the "Cynara scolymus L. (1753)" page. ... Cynara scolymus is a member of the Asteraceae (also known as Compositae) family, the largest family of flowering plants in the ...
Cynara scolymus. Other names i. › Cynara cardunculus Scolymus Group. › Cynara cardunculus subsp. scolymus. › Cynara cardunculus ... scolymus (L.) Hayek. › Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (L.) Fiori. › Cynara scolymus L.. › artichoke. ... Taxonomy - Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (Globe artichoke) (Cynara scolymus) (VARIETAS) Basket 0 ...
... cultivation information about Cynara, Artichoke, Cardoon (Cynara scolymus) Green Globe supplied by member gardeners in the ... Native to the Mediterranean, growing artichokes (Cynara scolymus) requires cool nights and warm days. Aside from providing ...
Cynara scolymus L.). Phytochemistry 2005;66(12):1476-1484. 15960982 *Matuschowski P. Testing of Cynara scolymusin the isolated ... Cynara®, Cynara cardunculus, Cynara scolymus L., Cynarae folium, cynarin, cynaroside, French artichoke, garden artichoke, ... Samochowiec L. The effect of artichokes (Cynara scolymus L.) and cardoons (Cynara cardunculus L.) on developed atherosclerotic ... Life Science > Nutrition Research > Learning Center > Plant Profiler > Globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) ...
The global market size of Cynara Scolymus is $XX million in 2017 with XX CAGR from 2013 to 2017, and it is expected to reach $ ... CHAPTER 15 GLOBAL CYNARA SCOLYMUS MARKET FORECAST (2019-2023). 15.1 Cynara Scolymus Supply Forecast. 15.2 Cynara Scolymus ... Table Cynara Scolymus Applications List. Table Drivers of Cynara Scolymus Market. Table Restraints of Cynara Scolymus Market. ... CHAPTER 13 HISTORICAL AND CURRENT CYNARA SCOLYMUS MARKET IN MEA (2013-2018). 13.1 Cynara Scolymus Supply. 13.2 Cynara Scolymus ...
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (Globe artichoke) (Cynara scolymus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database ... tr,A0A103YDR1,A0A103YDR1_CYNCS No apical meristem (NAM) protein OS=Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus OX=59895 GN=Ccrd_014442 PE= ... CynaraCynara cardunculus › Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus ...
Figure 8: HPLC chromatogram of ethanol extract of Cynara scolymus leaves extracts. Peaks: 1, Hydroxytyrosol; 2, verbascoside; 3 ... Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) was one of the plant remedies for primary health care. The present study was focused on the ... Proximate Analysis of Dried Leaves of C. scolymus. The results showed that Cynara leaves contain high constituents: dry matter ... Table 8: Effects of Cynara scolymus leaves extract and Indomethacin on CAT, SOD, GSH, AOPP, and MDA activities in carrageenan ...
Globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.). Also listed as: Artichoke, Cynara scolymus. Related terms. ... Cynara , Cynara cardunculus, Cynara scolymus L., Cynarae folium, cynarin, cynaroside, French artichoke, garden artichoke, ... Globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is a species of thistle. The edible part of the plant is the base of the artichoke head in ... Flavonoids from artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) up-regulate endothelial-type nitric-oxide synthase gene expression in human ...
Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extracts Rolf ... Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extracts Rolf ... Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extracts Rolf ... Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extracts ...
Flavonoids from Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Up-Regulate Endothelial-Type Nitric-Oxide Synthase Gene Expression in Human ... Flavonoids from Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Up-Regulate Endothelial-Type Nitric-Oxide Synthase Gene Expression in Human ... Flavonoids from Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Up-Regulate Endothelial-Type Nitric-Oxide Synthase Gene Expression in Human ... Flavonoids from Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Up-Regulate Endothelial-Type Nitric-Oxide Synthase Gene Expression in Human ...
Cynara scolymus, easily at Sand Mountain Herbs.com. Artichoke and every herb sold is useful medicinally or in some other ... Scientific Name: Cynara scolymus. Common Name: Artichoke. Other Common Names: Alcachofa, Alcachofera, Artichaut, Globe ... GLOBE CYNARA SCOLYMUS It is one of the worlds oldest cultivated vegetables, grown by the Greeks and the Romans. The flower ...
... currently the extracts from leaves of cynara scolymus has been discovered to treat metabolic disorders and has been stated by ... The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of the ethanol leaves extract of C. scolymus in alloxan induced ... In vivo, the results showed that ethanol extract from the leaves of C. scolymus (200-400 mg/kg) decreased significantly (p < ... We determinate the antioxidant activity by ABTS .+ and antioxidant total capacity (TAC) of all extracts of C. scolymus leaves, ...
EFFECT OF FRUCTOOLIGOSACCHARIDES IN CYNARA SCOLYMUS AND ALLIUM CEPA ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID METABOLISM IN RATS. Sorial Adly ... Onion (Allium cepa) and globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) were put in an oven at 60°C to constant weight (16 h) according to ... Onion (Allium cepa) and globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) were purchased from the local market in Cairo, Egypt. ... EFFECT OF FRUCTOOLIGOSACCHARIDES IN CYNARA SCOLYMUS AND ALLIUM CEPA ON CARBOHYDRATE AND LIPID METABOLISM IN RATS, EJPAU 17(1 ...
Cynara scolymus L.) extract in beef patties , Haluk Ergezer, Halil İbrahim Kaya, Ömer Şimşek , Agricultural Journals ... Zhu Xianfeng, Zhang Hongxun, Lo Raymond (2004): Phenolic Compounds from the Leaf Extract of Artichoke ( Cynara scolymus L.) and ... 2018): Antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) extract in beef patties. Czech J. Food Sci., ... Antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) extract in beef patties ...
Antonyms for Cynara scolymus. 3 synonyms for Cynara scolymus: artichoke, artichoke plant, globe artichoke. What are synonyms ... Cynara scolymus synonyms, Cynara scolymus antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Cynara+scolymus ... Cynara scolymus. Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Cynara scolymus: Silybum marianum, ... Cynara scolymus provided by ,a style=color:#000 href=https://www.freethesaurus.com/Cynara+scolymus,FreeThesaurus.com,/a,,/ ...
Cynara scolymus. Globe artichoke is a very useful herb for digestive problems and many other health problems ... Globe Artichoke , Cynara scolymus Compositae/Asteraceae.. Native to the Mediterranean, the globe artichoke is now cultivated ...
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contains: 1.55 g. of fluid extract of cynara scolynus (artichoke leaf, with the extract providing no less than 10 mg. of pure ...
The ancient Greeks used Cynara scolymus (C. scolymus; artichoke) leaf extracts, which are useful for choleretic and ... Cynara scolymus (Artichoke). The traditional use of botanical products for human health care started several thousands of years ... scolymus [153]. Cynarin and luteolin are major ingredients of C. scolymus extracts [154]. Cynarin weakly inhibits OATP2B1 [155 ... Preziosi, P.; Loscalzo, B. Pharmacological properties of 1, 4 dicaffeylquinic acid, the active principle of Cynara scolimus. ...
3W supply Artichoke Extract , Cynara scolymus L. , Artichoke P.E. (GMP Manufacturer, 24 hour service) ... Tags: Artichoke Leaf Extract , Cynara Scolymus , Herbal Extract Supplier , View larger image ...
Cynara scolymus L.. KRONÄRTSKOCKA Artichoke, Carciofi, Cynara Scolymus, Al- Karshuuf خرشوفة Kronärtskockan är bra för våra ... Artichoke, Carciofi, Cynara Scolymus, Al- Karshuuf خرشوفة. Kronärtskockan är bra för våra nyttiga tarmbakterier. Hjärtat av ... This perennial artichoke Cynara cardonculus is missing in my potager. Do you know were I can get one. You cannot bring it up ...
Cynara scolymus. Days To Maturity. About Quick Fact Days To Maturity. Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, ... SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cynara spp.. CULTURE: Artichokes and cardoon require very fertile, well-drained soils with a pH of 6.5-7.0. ...
Cynara scolymus L.) Description: Artichoke can be used to treat digestive upset, poor liver function, and a range of other ...
Cynara scolymus) Hypercholesterolemia, hyperuricemia associated with liver disease of varying extent. Hepatic bile, gallstones ... ARTICHOKE (Cynara scolymus) Family: Asteraceae (composite) Medicinal plants, food. Part used: leaves Active Guaianolidici ... ARTICHOKE (Cynara scolymus) Family: Asteraceae (composite) Medicinal plants, food. Part used: leaves Active Guaianolidici ...
Cynara Scolymus) 262. Uses The globe artichoke is seldom found in American gardens. The edible parts are the base of the flower ... Artichoke - Globe (Cynara Scolymus). 262. Uses. The globe artichoke is seldom found in American gardens. The edible parts are ...
Hot Sale Artichoke Extract Cynara Scolymus L , High Quality Artichoke Extract 5% Cynarin Uv , Chlorogenic Acid Cynara Scolymus ...
1 Cynara scolymus Artichoke Edible Perennial medicinal vegetable BEE plant. Cynara scolymus is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft ... by 1 m (3ft 3in). Cynara cardunculus x 1 p9 potted (looking great, oct 18, will die back for winter soon). Artichokes have ...
  • Cynara cardunculus var. (wikimedia.org)
  • Cynara cardunculus subsp. (uniprot.org)
  • A0A103YDR1_CYNCS No apical meristem (NAM) protein OS=Cynara cardunculus var. (uniprot.org)
  • Asteraceae Cynara cardunculus L. var. (ipni.org)
  • Found in Arizona and California, The modern artichoke is a derivative of the wild artichoke, Cynara cardunculus . (anniesremedy.com)
  • Among the better known species in this genus include: Cynara cardunculus is the cardoon, artichoke thistle, or wild artichoke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cynara humilis is a wild thistle of southern Europe and north Africa which can be used in cheesemaking like C. cardunculus. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000). Chemical and microbiological characteristics of ewes' milk cheese manufactured with extracts from flowers of Cynara cardunculus and Cynara humilis as coagulants. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2006). Industrial applications of Cynara cardunculus L. for energy and other uses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The seed characteristics, seed composition, and allometric relationships predicting seed yields in the biomass crop Cynara cardunculus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artichoke, or globe artichoke, is a perennial thistle, Cynara cardunculus (or C. scolymus ) of the Asteraceae family, characterized by pinnately, deeply lobed leaves, and flowers that develop in a large head from an edible bud. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Artichoke thistle ( Cynara cardunculus ) is a spiny thistle of the sunflower family, head high, occasionally taller, crowned by a cluster of showy, bright purple thistle flowerheads that are two to three inches in diameter from April through July. (cal-ipc.org)
  • 1986). It is now recognized as the wild form of the cultivated globe artichoke, Cynara scolymus L. When grown from divisions of the perennial crown, globe artichoke will reliably produce the spineless, edible flowerhead and plant known to agriculture, but grown from seed it often reverts to a wild form, producing the inch-long spines around the flowerhead normally found on C. cardunculus (Thomsen et al. (cal-ipc.org)
  • Globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. (nature.com)
  • Cynara scolymus is a member of the Asteraceae (also known as Compositae) family, the largest family of flowering plants in the world. (eol.org)
  • Cynara scolymus is a member of the Asteraceae (also known as. (eol.org)
  • Cynara scolymus Compositae/Asteraceae. (drvikram.com)
  • Asteraceae Cynara scolymus L. Sp. (ipni.org)
  • 2009). Cynara makrisii (Asteraceae, Cardueae), a new artichoke species in Cyprus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of the ethanol leaves extract of C. scolymus in alloxan induced stress oxidant, hepatic-kidney dysfunction and histological changes in liver, kidney and pancreas of different experimental groups of rats. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Diabetic rats were orally and daily administrated of ethanol extract from C. scolymus at two doses (200-400 mg/kg, b.w) or (12 mg/kg, b.w) with anti-diabetic reference drug, Acarbose for one month. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ethanol extract of C. scolymus effect was confirmed by biochemical analysis, antioxidant activity and histological study. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This positive effect of the ethanol extract from C. scolymus was confirmed by histological study. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These observed strongly suggest that ethanol extract from the leaves of C. scolymus has anti-hyperglycemic properties, at least partly mediated by antioxidant and hypolipidemic effects. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Each 100 ml. contains: 1.55 g. of fluid extract of cynara scolynus (artichoke leaf, with the extract providing no less than 10 mg. of pure chlorogenic acid . (alphaomegalabs.com)
  • Artichoke Extract (Cynara scolymus L. (chem2market.com)
  • Effects of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) extract on antioxidant status in chicken thigh meat', Iranian Journal of Veterinary Medicine , 10(1), pp. 73-81. (ac.ir)
  • Like silymarin, cynara extract has also demonstrated significant liver-protecting and regenerating effects. (hon.ch)
  • Consistent with its choleretic effect, cynara extract has been shown to lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels in both human and animal studies. (hon.ch)
  • Efecto de la inclusión en la dieta de extracto de alcachofa (cynara scolymus l.) sobre la respuesta zootécnica de pollos parrilleros [Effect on the zootechnical response of broilers of the inclusion of artichoke extract ( Cynara scolymus L.) in the diet]. (ac.ir)
  • With rich experience, Cn Lab Nutrition is one of the leading organic artichoke leaf extract powder,cynara scolymus extract ,cynarin 2.5%-5% manufacturers in China. (cnlabingredients.com)
  • Previous studies suggest that fiber-free artichoke [ Cynara scolymus L.] leaf extract may have anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypercholesterolemic effects in hypercholesterolemic type 2 diabetic patients . (bvsalud.org)
  • In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of an extract from Cynara scolymus L. and its pharmacologically effective compound cynaropicrin, a sesquiterpene lactone, on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) stimulated by LPS and the potential anti-osteoclastogenic effects on RAW264.7 cells induced by receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL). (usda.gov)
  • Globe artichoke extract (Cynarascolymus L. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • Apple cider vinegar powder, filling agent (microcrystaline cellulose), globe artichoke extract (Cynara scolymus L.), dandelion extract (Taraxacum officinalis Web. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • Globe artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ) is a species of thistle. (naturalfrontiermarket.net)
  • GLOBE CYNARA SCOLYMUS It is one of the world's oldest cultivated vegetables, grown by the Greeks and the Romans. (sandmountainherbs.com)
  • scolymus) is the common edible globe artichoke. (wikipedia.org)
  • The globe artichoke belongs to the Cynara genus, a group of about 10 species of thistle-like perennial plants, originally from the Mediterranean region, northwestern Africa , and the Canary Islands . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Spiny tips on phyllaries on immature flowerhead easily differentiate this plant from the closely related Cynara scolymus, the common agricultural globe artichoke. (cal-ipc.org)
  • Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with hyperglycemia, inflammatory disorders and abnormal lipid profiles, currently the extracts from leaves of cynara scolymus has been discovered to treat metabolic disorders and has been stated by multitudinous scientists according to a good source of polyphenols compounds. (biomedcentral.com)
  • and antioxidant total capacity (TAC) of all extracts of C. scolymus leaves, the inhibition of α-amylase activity in vitro was also investigated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In present investigation, the effects of C. scolymus leaf and C. intybus root extracts at different doses were tested against CCl[4] induced rats liver toxicity . (bvsalud.org)
  • The C. scolymus leaf and C. intybus root extracts at the doses of 300, 600 and 900 and 150, 300 and 450 mg/kg/day were prepared respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • Native to the Mediterranean, growing artichokes (Cynara scolymus) requires cool nights and warm days. (davesgarden.com)
  • One of these is artichokes ( Cynara scolymus ). (naturalnews.com)
  • Cynara is a genus of thistle-like perennial plants in the sunflower family. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the plant chemicals found in cynara, known as cynarin, is thought to be responsible for its healthcare qualities. (bodykind.com)
  • Scientific name: Cynara scolymus, English: Artichoke), also known as fresh care cuisine thistle, thistle, artichoke, is an Eastern Mediterranean coastal growth of Compositae plant Cynara, Hong Kong according to the Italy language transliterated as ya sticks of bamboo or sub branches of bamboo. (dvasoft.com)
  • scolymus L.) is an out-crossing perennial vegetable crop that is native to the Mediterranean Basin and grown worldwide. (nature.com)
  • Compared to Peumus boldus, Cynara scolymus , Silybum marianum and Taraxacum officinale had only weak inhibitory effects. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Evaluation Effect of Silybum Marianum Cynara Scolymus L. and Ziziphus jujube Mill. (ac.ir)
  • Cynara species are used as food plants by the larvae of many lepidopterans, such as the artichoke plume moth (Platyptilia carduidactyla), a pest of artichoke crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • GRIN Species Records of Cynara. (wikipedia.org)
  • scolymus) is an out-crossing, perennial, multi-use crop species that is grown worldwide and belongs to the Compositae, one of the most successful Angiosperm families. (nature.com)
  • Flavonoids of Cynara scolymus possess potent xanthinoxidase inhibitory activity in vitro but are devoid of hypouricemic effects in rats after oral application. (freethesaurus.com)
  • This perennial artichoke Cynara cardonculus is missing in my potager. (blogspot.com)
  • Michаel Frаnkis marked " File:Cynara July 2011-1.jpg " as trusted on the " Cynara scolymus L. (1753) " page. (eol.org)
  • Kontaktallergi mot korgplanter (Compositae) er en viktig årsak til hudlidelse. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are dietary fibers found naturally at high concentrations in Cynara scolymus and Allium cepa used as natural sources of FOS. (media.pl)
  • Artichoke (Cynara scolymus)N) bitter (the Sesquiterpenlacton, 50% to Cynaropikrin) these clinical substances have aided artichoke acid protects the liver and detoxification function of the liver. (dvasoft.com)
  • Cynara scolymus and Cichorium intybus are popular herbal remedy in folk medicine for liver disorders. (bvsalud.org)
  • The serum ALT, AST and ALP and liver tissue MVS were significantly reduced in both the C. scolymus and C. intybus groups at the doses of 900 and 450 mg/kg/day respectively while liver tissue PCN significantly reduced in C. scolymus 900 mg/kg/day group only as compared to control group . (bvsalud.org)
  • Stems, bracts and receptaculum of Cynara scolymus were used as natural reference drugs. (nih.gov)
  • There is little information available in the literature about modulatory effects of Cynara scolymus L. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Hepatoprotective activity of polyphenolic compounds from Cynara scolymus against CCI4 toxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In 1960, cynaropicrin was first isolated from artichoke ( Cynara scolymus L. (frontiersin.org)
  • Artichoke ( Cynara scolymus L.) was one of the plant remedies for primary health care. (hindawi.com)
  • Cynara cornigera leaves and flowers are eaten raw or cooked in Crete. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, we investigated the modulatory effect of Cynara scolymus LE on chemically-induced DNA damage and chromosomal mutations using CHO cells. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Globe artichoke or Cynara scolymus is a beautiful plant mainly found in the wild but cultivators have devised a strategy to grow them commercially. (thesized.com)
  • Globe Artichoke ( Cynara Scolymus ) is a luscious herbaceous perennial that produces lovely big flower buds that when prepared well are just a delight to eat. (myproductivebackyard.com.au)
  • Native to the Mediterranean region, artichokes (Cynara scolymus) became scarce with the fall of the Roman Empire. (createaforum.com)
  • A domesticated variety of the wild cardoon (Cynara cardunculus), the artichoke began to be cultivated in southern France and Italy in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. (masterart.com)