A genus of coccidian parasites in the family EIMERIIDAE. Cyclospora cayetanensis is pathogenic in humans, probably transmitted via the fecal-oral route, and causes nausea and diarrhea.
Infection with parasitic protozoa of the genus CYCLOSPORA. It is distributed globally and causes a diarrheal illness. Transmission is waterborne.
An order of parasitic protozoa found in blood cells and epithelial cells of vertebrates and invertebrates. Life cycles involve both sexual and asexual phases.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Various species are parasitic in the epithelial cells of the liver and intestines of man and other animals.
Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.
A subclass of protozoans commonly parasitic in the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract but also found in the liver and other organs. Its organisms are found in both vertebrates and higher invertebrates and comprise two orders: EIMERIIDA and EUCOCCIDIIDA.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
A phylum of fungi comprising minute intracellular PARASITES with FUNGAL SPORES of unicellular origin. It has two classes: Rudimicrosporea and MICROSPOREA.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Guatemala" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. Guatemala is the name of a country located in Central America, known officially as the Republic of Guatemala. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help with those!
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
A plant species of the genus OCIMUM, family LAMIACEAE. It is a condiment with carminative properties.
A genus of protozoan parasites found in the intestines of birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, including man. The oocysts produce two sporocysts, each with four sporozoites. Many species are parasitic in wild and domestic animals.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
A family of parasitic organisms in the order EIMERIIDAE. They form tissue-cysts in their intermediate hosts, ultimately leading to pathogenesis in the final hosts that includes various mammals (including humans) and birds. The most important genera include NEOSPORA; SARCOCYSTIS; and TOXOPLASMA.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.
A genus of parasitic FUNGI in the family Enterocytozoonidae, which infects humans. Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been found in the intestines of patients with AIDS.
This drug combination has proved to be an effective therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.
Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
A genus of Old World monkeys, subfamily COLOBINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the forests of Africa. It consists of eight species: C. angolensis (Angolan colobus), C. badius or C. rufomitratus (Red or Bay colobus), C. guereza (Guereza or Eastern black-and-white colobus), C. kirkii (Kirk's colobus), C. polykomos (King colobus or Western black-and-white colobus), C. satanas (Black colobus), and C. verus (Olive colobus). Some authors recognize Procolobus as a separate genus and then the olive colobus is recognized as the species P. verus.
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
The ability of lymphoid cells to mount a humoral or cellular immune response when challenged by antigen.
Infections with FUNGI of the phylum MICROSPORIDIA.

Cyclospora cayetanensis: a review, focusing on the outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in the 1990s. (1/54)

Cyclospora cayetanensis, a coccidian parasite that causes protracted, relapsing gastroenteritis, has a short recorded history. In retrospect, the first 3 documented human cases of Cyclospora infection were diagnosed in 1977 and 1978. However, not much was published about the organism until the 1990s. One of the surprises has been the fact that a parasite that likely requires days to weeks outside the host to become infectious has repeatedly caused foodborne outbreaks, including large multistate outbreaks in the United States and Canada. In this review, I discuss what has been learned about this enigmatic parasite since its discovery and what some of the remaining questions are. My focus is the foodborne and waterborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis that were documented from 1990 through 1999. The occurrence of the outbreaks highlights the need for health care personnel to consider that seemingly isolated cases of infection could be part of widespread outbreaks and should be reported to public health officials. Health care personnel should also be aware that stool specimens examined for ova and parasites usually are not examined for Cyclospora unless such testing is specifically requested and that Cyclospora infection is treatable with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.  (+info)

Viability of Giardia intestinalis cysts and viability and sporulation state of Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts determined by electrorotation. (2/54)

Electrorotation is a noninvasive technique that is capable of detecting changes in the morphology and physicochemical properties of microorganisms. Electrorotation studies are reported for two intestinal parasites, Giardia intestinalis and Cyclospora cayetanensis. It is concluded that viable and nonviable G. intestinalis cysts can be differentiated by this technique, and support for this conclusion was obtained using a fluorogenic vital dye assay and morphological indicators. The viability of C. cayetanensis oocysts (for which no vital dye assay is currently available) can also be determined by electrorotation, as can their sporulation state. Modeling of the electrorotational response of these organisms was used to determine their dielectric properties and to gain an insight into the changes occurring within them. Electrorotation offers a new, simple, and rapid method for determining the viability of parasites in potable water and food products and as such has important healthcare implications.  (+info)

Outbreak of cyclosporiasis associated with basil in Missouri in 1999. (3/54)

During the summer of 1999, an outbreak of cyclosporiasis occurred among attendees of 2 events held on 24 July in different counties in Missouri. We conducted retrospective cohort studies of the 2 clusters of cases, which comprised 62 case patients. The chicken pasta salad served at one event (relative risk [RR], 4.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.80-10.01) and the tomato basil salad served at the other event (RR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.72-5.07) were most strongly associated with illness. The most likely vehicle of infection was fresh basil, which was included in both salads and could have been grown either in Mexico or the United States. Leftover chicken pasta salad was found to be positive for Cyclospora DNA by means of polymerase chain reaction analysis, and 1 sporulated Cyclospora oocyst was found by use of microscopy. This is the second documented outbreak of cyclosporiasis in the United States linked to fresh basil and the first US outbreak for which Cyclospora has been detected in an epidemiologically implicated food item.  (+info)

The contrasting epidemiology of Cyclospora and Cryptosporidium among outpatients in Guatemala. (4/54)

We compared epidemiologic characteristics of Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora in surveillance data from outpatient departments in Guatemala. Routinely-submitted stool specimens were screened by microscopy. Age, sex, and symptom data were collected. Cyclospora was detected in 117 (2.1%) and Cryptosporidium in 67 (1.2%) of 5,520 specimens. The prevalence of Cyclospora peaked in the warmer months, while Cryptosporidium was most common in the rainy season. Both affected children more than adults, but Cryptosporidium affected children at a younger age than Cyclospora (median age 2 years versus 5 years; P < 0.001). Cyclospora showed a stronger association with diarrhea than Cryptosporidium, even when data were stratified by age. These contrasts may reflect differences in the relative importance of transmission modes, the frequency of exposure, and the development of immunity.  (+info)

Cyclospora cayetanensis in three populations at risk in Guatemala. (5/54)

In 1996 and 1997, outbreaks of Cyclospora cayetanensis in North America were linked to Guatemalan raspberries. From April 1999 to April 2000, we undertook a survey for C. cayetanensis in raspberry farm workers, malnourished children, and human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS patients in Guatemala. Stool samples were analyzed using ethylacetate-formalin concentration, wet preparation, modified acid-fast staining method, and epifluorescence. Oocysts were found in 1.5% of the subjects, none of whom were raspberry farm workers.  (+info)

Cyclospora cayetanensis infections among diarrheal patients from Venezuela. (6/54)

The prevalence and importance of Cyclospora cayetanensis as an enteropathogen among 71 patients (22-45 years old) with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and 132 children with diarrhea (0-12 years old) from Venezuela was assessed retrospectively. Two to three stool samples from each patient attending our parasitology laboratory for parasitologic and medical assistance were examined. For identification of the coccidium, modified Ziehl-Neelsen carbolfuchsin staining of formalin-ether stool concentrates was used, and for other intestinal parasites, iron-hematoxylin-stained smears and formalin-ether concentrates were examined. Cyclospora oocysts were found in seven (9.8%) of 71 AIDS patients and seven (5.3%) of 132 children with diarrhea. Other pathogenic parasites were present in most of the patients (9 of 14, 64.3%) shedding oocysts. Cyclosporiasis predominated in children 2-5 years of age with respect to those < or = one year of age (P < 0.05). The findings suggest that C. cayetanensis is common in diarrheal patients from Venezuela. However, the role of the parasite as the causal agent of diarrhea in these patients is uncertain.  (+info)

Histologic proof of acalculous cholecystitis due to Cyclospora cayetanensis. (7/54)

It is suspected that Cyclospora cayetanensis can infect the biliary tract in persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection, but histologic proof has never been published. We report a case of acalculous cholecystitis in a person with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who required cholecystectomy and demonstrated C. cayetanensis in the gallbladder epithelium.  (+info)

Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in Peruvian children. (8/54)

We compared the epidemiologic characteristics of cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in data from a cohort study of diarrhea in a periurban community near Lima, Peru. Children had an average of 0.20 episodes of cyclosporiasis/year and 0.22 episodes of cryptosporidiosis/year of follow-up. The incidence of cryptosporidiosis peaked at 0.42 for 1-year-old children and declined to 0.06 episodes/child-year for 5- to 9-year-old children. In contrast, the incidence of cyclosporiasis was fairly constant among 1- to 9-year-old children (0.21 to 0.28 episodes/child-year). Likelihood of diarrhea decreased significantly with each episode of cyclosporiasis; for cryptosporidiosis, this trend was not statistically significant. Both infections were more frequent during the warm season (December to May) than the cooler season (June to November). Cryptosporidiosis was more frequent in children from houses without a latrine or toilet. Cyclosporiasis was associated with ownership of domestic animals, especially birds, guinea pigs, and rabbits.  (+info)

Cyclospora is a single-celled parasite that causes an intestinal infection known as cyclosporiasis. The parasite is primarily transmitted through contaminated food or water. When ingested, Cyclospora infects the small intestine and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach cramps, bloating, nausea, and fatigue. In some cases, the infection may be asymptomatic. The treatment for cyclosporiasis typically involves antibiotics such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra). It is important to note that Cyclospora should not be confused with other similar parasites like Cryptosporidium or Giardia.

Cyclosporiasis is a gastrointestinal infection caused by the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis. It is typically acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water. The main symptoms include profuse, watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, and fatigue. In some cases, there may also be vomiting, weight loss, and fever. Symptoms can appear anytime from two days to two weeks after exposure and can last for several weeks or longer if not treated. The recommended treatment for cyclosporiasis is typically a course of antibiotics such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra).

Eucoccidiida is an order of single-celled, parasitic microorganisms known as protozoa, which belong to the phylum Apicomplexa. These organisms have a complex life cycle that includes both sexual and asexual reproduction stages, and they infect a wide range of hosts, including humans, animals, and birds.

Eucoccidiida species are known to cause various diseases, such as coccidiosis in animals and cryptosporidiosis and toxoplasmosis in humans. These diseases can result in a variety of symptoms, depending on the specific Eucoccidiida species and the location of the infection within the host's body.

Some common examples of Eucoccidiida species include Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Eimeria spp. These organisms are typically transmitted through the fecal-oral route, either through direct contact with infected hosts or through contaminated food or water sources.

Preventing infection with Eucoccidiida species often involves practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or handling animals, and avoiding consumption of contaminated food or water. In some cases, medications may be used to treat infections caused by these organisms, although resistance to certain drugs has been reported in some Eucoccidiida species.

Coccidiosis is a parasitic infection caused by protozoa of the Eimeria genus, which typically affects the intestinal tract of animals, including humans. The infection occurs when a person or animal ingests oocysts (the infective stage of the parasite) through contaminated food, water, or direct contact with infected feces.

In humans, coccidiosis is most commonly found in children living in poor sanitary conditions and in individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or organ transplant recipients on immunosuppressive therapy. The infection can cause watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever. In severe cases, it may lead to dehydration, weight loss, and even death in individuals with compromised immune systems.

In animals, particularly in poultry, swine, and ruminants, coccidiosis can cause significant economic losses due to decreased growth rates, poor feed conversion, and increased mortality. Preventive measures include improving sanitation, reducing overcrowding, and administering anticoccidial drugs or vaccines.

Food parasitology is not a commonly used term in medical or scientific communities. However, it generally refers to the study of parasites that are transmitted through food, including parasitic protozoa, helminths (worms), and arthropods (e.g., tapeworms, roundworms, Giardia, Cryptosporidium, etc.). Food parasitology involves understanding the life cycles, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of these foodborne parasites. It is an important field within medical and veterinary parasitology, as well as food safety and public health.

'Eimeria' is a genus of protozoan parasites that belong to the phylum Apicomplexa. These microscopic organisms are known to cause a disease called coccidiosis in various animals, including birds, ruminants, and pigs. The life cycle of Eimeria involves both sexual and asexual reproduction, and it typically takes place within the intestinal cells of the host animal.

The infection can lead to a range of symptoms, such as diarrhea, weight loss, dehydration, and even death in severe cases, particularly in young animals. Eimeria species are highly host-specific, meaning that each species tends to infect only one type of animal. For example, Eimeria tenella primarily infects chickens, while Eimeria bovis is known to infect cattle.

Prevention and control measures for coccidiosis include good sanitation practices, such as cleaning and disinfecting animal living areas, as well as the use of anticoccidial drugs in feed or water to prevent infection. Additionally, vaccines are available for some Eimeria species to help protect animals from infection and reduce the severity of clinical signs.

An oocyst is a thick-walled, environmentally resistant spore-like structure produced by some protozoan parasites, such as Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora, during their life cycle. These oocysts can survive for long periods in the environment and can infect a host when ingested, leading to infection and disease. The term "oocyst" is specific to certain groups of protozoan parasites and should not be confused with other types of spores produced by fungi or bacteria.

Coccidia are a group of single-celled, microscopic parasites that belong to the phylum Apicomplexa. They are obligate intracellular parasites, which means they need to infect and live inside the cells of a host organism to survive and multiply. Coccidia are primarily found in animals, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish, but some species can also infect humans.

Coccidia are known to cause coccidiosis, a common intestinal disease that affects various animal species, including poultry, cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and pets such as cats and dogs. The disease is characterized by diarrhea, weight loss, dehydration, and sometimes death, particularly in young animals.

In humans, coccidia infection is usually caused by the species Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora. These parasites can infect the small intestine and cause watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss. In immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS or those undergoing chemotherapy, coccidia infections can be severe and life-threatening.

Coccidia are typically transmitted through the fecal-oral route, either by ingesting contaminated food or water or by direct contact with infected animals or their feces. Prevention measures include good hygiene practices, such as washing hands thoroughly after handling animals or using the restroom, avoiding drinking untreated water from sources that may be contaminated with animal feces, and practicing safe food handling and preparation.

Diarrhea is a condition in which an individual experiences loose, watery stools frequently, often exceeding three times a day. It can be acute, lasting for several days, or chronic, persisting for weeks or even months. Diarrhea can result from various factors, including viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections, food intolerances, medications, and underlying medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome. Dehydration is a potential complication of diarrhea, particularly in severe cases or in vulnerable populations like young children and the elderly.

Microsporidia are a group of small, obligate intracellular parasites that belong to the kingdom Fungi. They are characterized by their spore stage, which contains a unique infection apparatus called the polar tube or coiled filament. These spores can infect a wide range of hosts, including humans, animals, and insects.

In humans, Microsporidia can cause chronic diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS. They can also infect various other tissues, including the eye, muscle, and kidney, leading to a variety of clinical manifestations.

Microsporidia were once considered to be protozoa but are now classified as fungi based on genetic and biochemical evidence. There are over 1,300 species of Microsporidia, with at least 14 species known to infect humans.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Guatemala" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in Central America. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

Parasitic intestinal diseases are disorders caused by microscopic parasites that invade the gastrointestinal tract, specifically the small intestine. These parasites include protozoa (single-celled organisms) and helminths (parasitic worms). The most common protozoan parasites that cause intestinal disease are Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Entamoeba histolytica. Common helminthic parasites include roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides), tapeworms (Taenia saginata and Taenia solium), hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus), and pinworms (Enterobius vermicularis).

Parasitic intestinal diseases can cause a variety of symptoms, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and weight loss. The severity and duration of the symptoms depend on the type of parasite, the number of organisms present, and the immune status of the host.

Transmission of these parasites can occur through various routes, including contaminated food and water, person-to-person contact, and contact with contaminated soil or feces. Preventive measures include practicing good hygiene, washing hands thoroughly after using the toilet and before handling food, cooking food thoroughly, and avoiding consumption of raw or undercooked meat, poultry, or seafood.

Treatment of parasitic intestinal diseases typically involves the use of antiparasitic medications that target the specific parasite causing the infection. In some cases, supportive care such as fluid replacement and symptom management may also be necessary.

'Ocimum basilicum' is the scientific name for the herb commonly known as sweet basil. While it is not a medical term itself, basil has been used in various traditional medicinal practices for its supposed benefits. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support many of these claims. It is more widely recognized as a culinary herb and essential oil source.

Isospora is a genus of protozoan parasites that belong to the phylum Apicomplexa. These parasites are the causative agents of coccidiosis, a type of gastrointestinal infection that primarily affects birds and mammals, including humans. The disease is characterized by watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and weight loss.

Isospora species have a complex life cycle that involves two hosts: an intermediate host, where the parasite reproduces asexually, and a definitive host, where the parasite undergoes sexual reproduction. The infectious stage of the parasite is called an oocyst, which is shed in the feces of the infected host and can survive in the environment for long periods. When ingested by another host, the oocyst releases sporozoites, which invade the intestinal cells and multiply, causing damage to the intestinal lining and leading to the symptoms of coccidiosis.

In humans, Isospora belli is the most common species that causes infection. It is typically transmitted through the fecal-oral route, either by ingesting contaminated food or water or by person-to-person contact. Immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS, are at higher risk of developing severe and chronic infections with Isospora. Treatment usually involves the use of antiprotozoal drugs, such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

Protozoan infections are diseases caused by microscopic, single-celled organisms known as protozoa. These parasites can enter the human body through contaminated food, water, or contact with an infected person or animal. Once inside the body, they can multiply and cause a range of symptoms depending on the type of protozoan and where it infects in the body. Some common protozoan infections include malaria, giardiasis, amoebiasis, and toxoplasmosis. Symptoms can vary widely but may include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, fatigue, and skin rashes. Treatment typically involves the use of antiprotozoal medications to kill the parasites and alleviate symptoms.

Sarcocystidae is a family of parasitic protozoa that are primarily known for infecting various animals, including both domestic and wild species. These parasites have a complex life cycle involving at least two hosts: a definitive host (usually a carnivore) and an intermediate host (usually a herbivore).

The most well-known genus within Sarcocystidae is Sarcocystis, which includes several species that can infect humans. Infection with these parasites typically occurs through the consumption of undercooked or raw meat containing Sarcocystis cysts. The resulting disease in humans is called sarcocystosis and can cause a range of symptoms depending on the species involved and the location of the cysts within the body.

It's worth noting that while Sarcocystidae includes several important parasites, it is not typically considered a medical term per se. Instead, it falls more under the purview of veterinary medicine and parasitology.

Foodborne diseases, also known as foodborne illnesses or food poisoning, are defined as disorders caused by the consumption of contaminated foods or beverages, which contain harmful bacteria, parasites, viruses, toxins, or chemicals. These agents can cause a range of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, and dehydration. The severity of the illness can vary from mild discomfort to severe life-threatening conditions, depending on the type of infectious agent and the individual's immune system and overall health status. Common examples of foodborne diseases include Salmonella, Escherichia coli (E. coli), Listeria, Staphylococcus aureus, and Norovirus infections. Proper food handling, preparation, storage, and cooking can help prevent the occurrence of foodborne diseases.

Feces are the solid or semisolid remains of food that could not be digested or absorbed in the small intestine, along with bacteria and other waste products. After being stored in the colon, feces are eliminated from the body through the rectum and anus during defecation. Feces can vary in color, consistency, and odor depending on a person's diet, health status, and other factors.

Cryptosporidium is a genus of protozoan parasites that can cause the diarrheal disease known as cryptosporidiosis in humans and animals. These microscopic pathogens infect the epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal tract, primarily in the small intestine, leading to symptoms such as watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and dehydration.

Cryptosporidium parasites have a complex life cycle, including several developmental stages within host cells. They are protected by an outer shell called oocyst, which allows them to survive outside the host's body for extended periods, making them resistant to chlorine-based disinfectants commonly used in water treatment.

Transmission of Cryptosporidium occurs through the fecal-oral route, often via contaminated water or food, or direct contact with infected individuals or animals. People at higher risk for severe illness include young children, elderly people, pregnant women, and those with weakened immune systems due to HIV/AIDS, cancer treatment, or organ transplantation.

Preventive measures include proper hand hygiene, avoiding consumption of untreated water or raw fruits and vegetables likely to be contaminated, and practicing safe sex. For immunocompromised individuals, antiparasitic medications such as nitazoxanide may help reduce the severity and duration of symptoms.

Enterocytozoon is a genus of microsporidian parasites that are known to infect a variety of animals, including humans. The most well-known species in this genus is Enterocytozoon bieneusi, which is a common cause of diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms in immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS.

Enterocytozoon species infect the host by invading intestinal epithelial cells, specifically enterocytes, hence the name "enterocytozoon." Once inside the host cell, they replicate and can cause damage to the cell, leading to symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting.

Transmission of Enterocytozoon species typically occurs through ingestion of contaminated food or water, although sexual contact and mother-to-child transmission have also been reported. Diagnosis is usually made by detecting the parasite's DNA in stool samples using molecular techniques such as PCR. Treatment options for Enterocytozoon infections are limited, but antimicrobial drugs such as albendazole and fumagillin have shown some efficacy in reducing symptoms and clearing the infection.

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole combination is an antibiotic medication used to treat various bacterial infections. It contains two active ingredients: trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, which work together to inhibit the growth of bacteria by interfering with their ability to synthesize folic acid, a vital component for their survival.

Trimethoprim is a bacteriostatic agent that inhibits dihydrofolate reductase, an enzyme needed for bacterial growth, while sulfamethoxazole is a bacteriostatic sulfonamide that inhibits the synthesis of tetrahydrofolate by blocking the action of the enzyme bacterial dihydropteroate synthase. The combination of these two agents produces a synergistic effect, increasing the overall antibacterial activity of the medication.

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is commonly used to treat urinary tract infections, middle ear infections, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, and pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), a severe lung infection that can occur in people with weakened immune systems. It is also used as a prophylactic treatment to prevent PCP in individuals with HIV/AIDS or other conditions that compromise the immune system.

As with any medication, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole combination can have side effects and potential risks, including allergic reactions, skin rashes, gastrointestinal symptoms, and blood disorders. It is essential to follow the prescribing physician's instructions carefully and report any adverse reactions promptly.

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites called Cryptosporidium. The parasites are found in the feces of infected animals and humans. People can become infected with Cryptosporidium by ingesting contaminated water or food, or by coming into contact with infected persons or animals.

The infection can cause a wide range of symptoms, including watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and dehydration. In people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, the infection can be severe and even life-threatening.

Cryptosporidiosis is typically treated with increased fluid intake to prevent dehydration, and in some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage symptoms. Good hygiene practices, such as washing hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or changing diapers, can help prevent the spread of Cryptosporidium.

"Colobus" is a genus of Old World monkeys that are native to the forests of Africa. The name "Colobus" is derived from the Greek word "kolobos," which means "mutilated" or "maimed." This refers to the distinctive absence or reduction of thumbs in these primates, which is a characteristic feature of their anatomy.

Colobus monkeys are known for their striking black and white fur coats, which vary in pattern depending on the species. They have a long, bushy tail that can be as long as their body, and they use it for balance while moving through trees. Colobus monkeys are herbivores and primarily feed on leaves, fruits, and seeds.

There are several species of Colobus monkeys, including the black-and-white colobus (Colobus guereza), the red colobus (Piliocolobus badius), and the Angola colobus (Colobus angolensis), among others. These primates are social animals and live in groups that can range from a few individuals to several hundred, depending on the species and availability of resources.

Colobus monkeys face various threats to their survival, including habitat loss due to deforestation, hunting for bushmeat, and disease. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these fascinating primates and ensure their continued survival in the wild.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Haiti" is not a medical term. It is a country located in the Caribbean, specifically on the island of Hispaniola. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

Parasitology is a branch of biology that deals with the study of parasites, their life cycles, the relationship between parasites and their hosts, the transmission of parasitic diseases, and the development of methods for their control and elimination. It involves understanding various types of parasites including protozoa, helminths, and arthropods that can infect humans, animals, and plants. Parasitologists also study the evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and ecology of parasites to develop effective strategies for their diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Immunocompetence is the condition of having a properly functioning immune system that can effectively respond to the presence of foreign substances, such as pathogens (like bacteria, viruses, and parasites) and other potentially harmful agents. It involves the ability of the immune system to recognize, attack, and eliminate these foreign substances while also maintaining tolerance to self-tissues and promoting tissue repair.

Immunocompetence is essential for overall health and wellbeing, as it helps protect the body from infections and diseases. Factors that can affect immunocompetence include age, genetics, stress, nutrition, sleep, and certain medical conditions or treatments (like chemotherapy or immunosuppressive drugs) that can weaken the immune system.

Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by microscopic, single-celled parasites belonging to the phylum Microspora. These parasites are primarily intracellular and can infect various organisms, including humans. Infection typically occurs through ingestion of spores present in contaminated food, water, or soil, or through inhalation of spores. Once inside a host, the spores germinate, releasing the infective sporoplasm that invades host cells and multiplies within them.

In humans, microsporidiosis can cause various symptoms depending on the species involved and the immune status of the host. In immunocompetent individuals, it may present as self-limiting diarrhea or mild gastrointestinal disturbances. However, in immunocompromised patients (e.g., those with HIV/AIDS, organ transplants, or using immunosuppressive medications), microsporidiosis can lead to severe and chronic diarrhea, wasting, and potentially life-threatening complications affecting various organs such as the eyes, kidneys, and respiratory system.

Diagnosis of microsporidiosis typically involves detecting the parasites in stool or tissue samples using specialized staining techniques (e.g., chromotrope stains) or molecular methods (e.g., PCR). Treatment usually includes antiparasitic drugs such as albendazole, which has activity against many microsporidian species. In severe cases or when the infection involves multiple organs, additional supportive care and management of underlying immunodeficiencies may be necessary.

... colobi (from the Colobus monkey) Cyclospora megacephali (from the Eastern mole) Cyclospora papionis (from the Olive ... Cyclospora angimurinensis (from the Hispid pocket mouse) Cyclospora ashtabulensis (from the Hairy-tailed mole) Cyclospora ... Cyclospora is a genus of apicomplexan parasites. It includes the species Cyclospora cayetanensis, the causative agent of ... Cyclospora are eukaryotes in the phylum Apicomplexa. Within the Apicomplexa, Cyclospora belong to the sub-class Coccidia and ...
... resulting in placement of the parasite in the genus Cyclospora. They also created the name Cyclospora cayetanensis at this time ... Cyclospora cayetanensis is an apicomplexan, cyst-forming coccidian protozoan that causes a self-limiting diarrhea. In terms of ... Cyclospora cayetanensis is a coccidian parasite that causes a diarrheal disease called cyclosporiasis in humans and possibly in ... This species was placed in the genus Cyclospora because of the spherical shape of its sporocysts. The specific name refers to ...
Shoff WH (5 October 2015). Chandrasekar PH, Talavera F, King JW (eds.). "Cyclospora Medication". Medscape. WebMD. Retrieved 11 ... and Cyclospora cayetanensis). Nitazoxanide alone has shown preliminary evidence of efficacy in the treatment of chronic ...
Shoff WH (5 October 2015). Chandrasekar PH, Talavera F, King JW (eds.). "Cyclospora Medication". Medscape. WebMD. Retrieved 11 ...
... cyclospora (Müll. Arg.) Shirley (1889) = Sarcographina cyclospora, Graphidaceae G. gyrizans Leight. (1870) = Sarcographa ...
Ortega YR, Sterling CR, Gilman RH, Cama VA, Díaz F (May 1993). "Cyclospora species-a new protozoan pathogen of humans". N. Engl ... Oocysts of some coccidian parasites in faecal matter, such as: Cryptosporidium parvum, Isospora belli Cyclospora cayetanensis. ...
They found Cyclospora in radish, cauliflower, cabbage, and mustard leaves, as well as sewage and river water. This first ... Epidemiology of Cyclospora cayetanensis and other intestinal parasites in the HIV infected patients in Kathmandu, Nepal. ... In 2010, a report of Cyclospora transmission via swimming in the Kathmandu Valley was published in the Journal of Institute of ... When an oocyst of Cyclospora cayetanensis enters the small intestine, it invades the mucosa, where it incubates for about one ...
0.5-1% sulfuric acid alcohol for oocysts of isospora, cyclospora. 0.25-0.5% sulfuric acid alcohol for bacterial endospores. ...
Ortega, Ynés R.; Sanchez, Roxana (2010). "Update on Cyclospora cayetanensis, a Food-Borne and Waterborne Parasite". Clinical ... Protozoans such as Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora cayetanensis can also cause diarrhea. Pathogens commonly ...
Chacin-Bonilla L, Mejia de Young M, Estevez J (March 2003). "Prevalence and pathogenic role of Cyclospora cayetanensis in a ... Clostridium difficile Cyclospora cayetanensis Dengue virus Dientamoeba fragilis Entamoeba histolytica Enterotoxigenic ...
1930) Protoblastenia calvella Kainz & Rambold (2004) Protoblastenia cyclospora (Hepp ex Körb.) Poelt (1975) Protoblastenia ...
The type species is Orbicula cyclospora, now known as Orbicula parietina. The genus was documented in 1871 by English ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis, are frequently the cause of diarrhea that involves chronic infection. The broad-spectrum antiparasitic ...
They must be differentiated from other partially acid-fast organisms including Cyclospora cayetanensis. Cryptosporidium causes ...
Phoma citricarpa McAlpine, (1899), accepted as Guignardia citricarpa Kiely, (1948) Phoma cyclospora Sacc. Phoma destructiva ...
They are Giardia, Cyclospora and Cryptosporidium, and none of them were known to be significant pathogens in the 1970s. Figure ... Cyclospora is a gastrointestinal pathogen that causes fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and severe weight loss. Outbreaks of the ... In the United States, Cyclospora infection must be reported to the Center for Disease Control according to the CDC's Reportable ...
Including a Second Worldwide Report of Sarcographina cyclospora". Mycobiology. 42 (1): 17-21. doi:10.5941/MYCO.2014.42.1.17. ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis, and microsporidia. Chemical contamination is a common problem with groundwater. Nitrates from sewage, ...
Of note, Cryptosporidium oocysts, likely Cyclospora species, Ascaris eggs are extremely resistant to halogens and field ...
... causes cryptosporidiosis Cyclospora: causes cyclosporiasis Naegleria fowleri: causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis ...
Acanthamoeba and other free-living amoebae Cryptosporidiosis Cyclospora cayetanensis Entamoeba histolytica Giardia lamblia ...
... monocytogenes Pathogenic vibrios Salmonella Shigella species Yersinia enterocolitica Protozoa Cryptosporidium parvum Cyclospora ...
... cyclospora MeSH B01.500.841.075.189.250.250.250 - eimeria MeSH B01.500.841.075.189.250.250.250.250 - eimeria tenella MeSH ...
Cyclospora, Microsporidia, Entamoeba histolytica) Bacterial infections Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Salmonella enterica ...
... can cause Amoebiasis Acanthamoeba Balamuthia mandrillaris Giardia Cyclospora cayetanensis Cryptosporidium Toxoplasma gondii ...
One Location Berggrenia cyclospora - One Location Cantharellus elsae - One Location Chalciporus aurantiacus Chlorovibrissea ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis (the organism) and Cyclosporiasis (the resulting disease) List of parasites (human) Zoalene, a fodder ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis) Cystoisosporiasis (Cystoisospora belli) Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii) The name Apicomplexa derives ...
Cyclospora, Isospora [in part] and Eimeria). Isospora is more closely related to the Toxoplasma/Neospora clade than to ... Cyclospora, Cyrilia, Cystoisospora, Dactylosoma, Desseria, Diaspora, Dorisa, Dorisiella, Eimeria, Elleipsisoma, Epieimeria, ...
1904 Cyclospora Schneider, 1881 Diaspora Léger, 1898 Dorisa Levine, 1979 Eimeria Schneider, 1875 Epieimeria Dyková & Lom, 1981 ...
Cyclospora colobi (from the Colobus monkey) Cyclospora megacephali (from the Eastern mole) Cyclospora papionis (from the Olive ... Cyclospora angimurinensis (from the Hispid pocket mouse) Cyclospora ashtabulensis (from the Hairy-tailed mole) Cyclospora ... Cyclospora is a genus of apicomplexan parasites. It includes the species Cyclospora cayetanensis, the causative agent of ... Cyclospora are eukaryotes in the phylum Apicomplexa. Within the Apicomplexa, Cyclospora belong to the sub-class Coccidia and ...
... Steve J. Upton coccidia at ksu.edu Fri Jun 13 09:16:43 EST 1997 *Previous message: Bacterial Identification Assays ... New web page on Cyclospora cayetanensis, which includes scientific bibliography. Within a few weeks Ill add some photos. http ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis (8-10 µm in diameter), a coccidian protozoan parasite, produces an intestinal infection in nonimmune ... Cyclospora is a small bowel pathogen. After ingestion, Cyclospora oocysts excyst in the GI tract and invade small bowel ... encoded search term (Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis)) and Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) What to Read Next on ... Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis). Updated: Jul 16, 2021 * Author: Chinelo N Animalu, MD, MPH, FIDSA; Chief Editor: ...
align=bottom> Cyclospora Cayetanensis What is Cyclospora Cayetanensis?. Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoan that causes ...
At least 596 people in 19 states have fallen ill with Cyclospora infection since June. The latest number of cases by state is ... Tags: cyclospora, Darden Restaurants, Olive Garden, red lobster. Print:. Email this postTweet this postLike this postShare this ... Cyclospora is a single-celled parasite that can cause diarrhea, vomiting and nausea several days to weeks after exposure. It is ... At least 596 people in 19 states have fallen ill with Cyclospora infection since June. The latest number of cases by state is ...
A case of Cyclospora infection was defined as diarrhea (three or more loose stools per day or two or more stools per day if ... Outbreaks of Cyclospora cayetanensis Infection -- United States, 1996 MMWR 45(25);549-551 Publication date: 06/28/1996. Table ... The diameter of Cyclospora oocysts is 8-10 um, approximately twice that of Cryptosporidium parvum. Oocysts can be identified in ... Editorial Note: Although Cyclospora is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, direct person-to-person transmission is unlikely ...
What is Cyclospora? Cyclospora cayetanensis is a microscopic parasite of humans. This parasite, when it contaminates food or ... The Cyclospora parasite needs time (days to weeks) after being passed in a bowel movement to become infectious for another ... Some people who are infected with Cyclospora do not have any symptoms. If not treated, the illness may last from a few days to ... FDA Investigation of Multistate Outbreak of Cyclospora Illnesses Linked to Del Monte Vegetable Trays Ends. Subscribe to Email ...
... more than 200 illnesses have been reported in connection with the ongoing Cyclospora outbreak, primarily in the Midwest. ... Hy-Vee Expands Salad Recall for Cyclospora. As of June 27, more than 200 illnesses have been reported in connection with the ... Symptoms of cyclosporiasis begin an average of seven days after ingestion of Cyclospora. Symptoms of cyclosporiasis may include ... expanded its investigation of an outbreak of Cyclospora in the upper Midwest section of the United States. According to the ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoal parasite of humans that normally causes a self-limiting diarrhea. ... Cyclospora is not usually detected by a conventional O&P examination (i.e., concentrated wet-mount & trichrome stain) but can ... A Cyclospora outbreak first made news headlines in July, 2017 based on the increased number of cases reported in Texas. ... Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoal parasite of humans that normally causes a self-limiting diarrhea. The oocysts of C. ...
Filed Under: Featured, News, Outbreaks Tagged With: Cyclospora, Cyclospora Attorney, Cyclospora Lawyer, Cyclospora Outbreak, ... Filed Under: Food Safety, News Tagged With: Allergen, Cyclospora, E. coli, FDA, Food Recall, Foreign Material, Hepatitis A, ... Filed Under: News, Outbreaks Tagged With: ALDI, Attorney, Cyclospora, E. coli O121, E. coli O157:H7 outbreak, Earth Grown, ... Filed Under: News, Outbreaks Tagged With: Attorney, Cyclospora, E. coli O157:H7 outbreak, Hepatitis A, Lawsuit, Michigan, Ohio ...
National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods (NACMCF) FDA Charge: Charge: Cyclospora cayetanensis. Date ... The NACMCF Subcommittee on Cyclospora cayetanensis, will convene a virtual subcommittee meeting on May 24, 2022, from 11:00 a.m ...
There is currently an outbreak of Cyclospora related to travel in Mexico.. A Public Health England Health Protection Report ... The foods previously involved in cyclospora outbreaks include soft fruits, such as raspberries, and salad products such as ...
The nationwide cyclospora outbreak has grown to include 210 sick in 22 states and 30 hospitalizations. No single food is ... The nationwide cyclospora outbreak has grown to include 210 patients and thirty hospitalizations, according to the Centers for ... A cyclospora outbreak in Georgia and Alabama sickened 20 people. These patients are included in the nationwide total. ... Nationwide Cyclospora Outbreak Grows to 210 Sick. June 23, 2023 by News Desk ...
A total of 305 cases of Cyclospora infection have been reported in Texas in 2013 with the vast majority having onsets in June ... Home , Foodborne Illness Outbreaks , Mystery Cyclospora Outbreak in Texas Hits 305. Mystery Cyclospora Outbreak in Texas Hits ... A total of 305 cases of Cyclospora infection have been reported in Texas in 2013 with the vast majority having onsets in June ... The following counties have reported Cyclospora infection: Archer, Austin, Bell, Bowie, Brazoria, Cameron, Collin, Coryell, ...
Home » Can I Sue a Grocery Store for Cyclospora?. Can I Sue a Grocery Store for Cyclospora?. Yes. You can sue a grocery store ... How Does Cyclospora Get on Food?. Because humans are the only known host for the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis, transmission ... McDonalds Cyclospora Lawsuit Filed by Pritzker Hageman Lawyer. Pritzker Hageman Files Cyclospora Lawsuit Against Del Monte, ... Recent Cyclospora outbreaks have been linked to imported produce in salad served at Olive Garden and Red Lobster restaurants, ...
Food Safety News reports that a new Cyclospora outbreak is under investigation and there are updated patient numbers for ... Tags: Cyclospora Attorney, Cyclospora Lawsuit, Cyclospora Lawyer. Print:. Email this postTweet this postLike this postShare ... Home , Foodborne Illness Outbreaks , More US Cyclospora Outbreaks linked to ?. More US Cyclospora Outbreaks linked to ?. By ... Cyclospora is a microscopic parasite that can be spread through food, beverages and cross-contamination in kitchens through ...
After talking to more that a few people who seem to be part of this nationwide and ongoing Cyclospora outbreak, perhaps a ... Home , Legal Cases , What is the common national restaurant chain in the Cyclospora outbreak? Will public health announce it?. ... What is the common national restaurant chain in the Cyclospora outbreak? Will public health announce it?. By Bill Marler on ... As I said last night, according to CIDRAP, the Cyclospora illness total has reached 373 as opposed to the 353 reported by the ...
Copyright © 2023 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. All rights reserved.. ...
If you had Cyclospora food poisoning from eating ALDI Little Salad Bar Garden Salad, contact our lawyers for lawsuit info at ( ... What is Cyclospora?. Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes a gastrointestinal food poisoning illness in people who ... What ALDI Salad Was Recalled for Cyclospora?. The recalled Little Salad Bar Garden Salad was sold in a 12 oz. bag, has a UPC ... If you or somebody you know has been diagnosed with a Cyclospora parasite infection from ALDI salad, you should contact our ...
PCR confirmation of infection with Cyclospora cayetanensis. Cite CITE. Title : PCR confirmation of infection with Cyclospora ... 1996). Identification of Cyclospora in poultry.. 2(4). García-López, H. L. and Rodríguez-Tovar, L. E. and Medina-De la Garza, C ... E. "Identification of Cyclospora in poultry." 2, no. 4 (1996). García-López, H. L. et al. "Identification of Cyclospora in ... Title : Identification of Cyclospora in poultry. Personal Author(s) : García-López, H. L.;Rodríguez-Tovar, L. E.;Medina-De la ...
Save-On-Foods LP is recalling Dole brand Fresh Packed Blueberries from the marketplace due to possible Cyclospora contamination ... Food contaminated with Cyclospora may not look or smell spoiled but can still make you sick. People infected with Cyclospora ... Food Recall Warning - Dole brand Fresh Packed Blueberries recalled due to Cyclospora. From: Canadian Food Inspection Agency ... Save-On-Foods LP is recalling Dole brand Fresh Packed Blueberries from the marketplace due to possible Cyclospora contamination ...
... highlighting several crucial food safety findings related to Cyclospora, Listeria, biofilm control, sanitization methods, and ... Additionally, it was found that hollow fiber filters can improve the capture of Cyclospora oocysts in irrigation water samples ... KEYWORDS: biofilm Center for Produce Safety cyclospora listeria monocytogenes produce sanitization temperature control ... Critical Findings for Produce Food Safety: Cyclospora, Listeria, and Sanitation. By Bailee Henderson ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis) case definitions; uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. ... Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis) , 2010 Case Definition. *Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis) , 1998 Case ...
Topics will include (not limited to) the prevalence of Cyclospora, detection methodologies, microbial ecology of irrigation and ...
The Cyclospora Lawyer. Did you or a loved one develop a Cyclospora infection after eating at a restaurant, a recalled food, or ... How Do I Know If I Have a Cyclospora Infection?. Only a doctor can make a diagnosis of Cyclospora infection. It is best not to ... Cyclospora is among the most common form of foodborne illness in the United States. The CDC estimates that Cyclospora bacteria ... Cyclospora - Quick Facts. *Cyclospora lives in the intestines of animals, and oftentimes, does not make those animals sick. ...
Cyclospora cayetanensis are parasitic protozoa that cause gastroenteritis in humans. ... Cyclospora cayetanensis DNA. Cyclospora cayetanensis are parasitic protozoa that cause gastroenteritis in humans.. Infection is ... The test for Cyclospora Cayetanensis offered by Enfer Medical is carried out by real-time multiplexed PCR, as part of an ...
Cyclospora. There has been reported cases of a food and water bug called Cyclospora. This has affected travellers returning ...
... also known as cyclospora infection, is a parasitic infection of the intestine that is caused by a particular microbe. ... Cyclospora infection(cyclosporiasis) is caused by the ingestion of a one-celled parasite known as Cyclospora cayetanensis. This ... When cyclosporiasis(cyclospora infection) is not treated, it causes diarrhea to occur. Once it is left untreated for am long ... This means that no matter how careful you wash your food, you are still at risk of developing cyclospora infection. Hence it is ...
  • It includes the species Cyclospora cayetanensis, the causative agent of cyclosporiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kansas State University - Parasitology - Cyclospora cayetanensis Duszynski DW, Upton SJ, Couch L (1998). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts stained with modified acid-fast technique. (cdc.gov)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts stained with the safranin stain technique. (cdc.gov)
  • New web page on Cyclospora cayetanensis, which includes scientific bibliography. (bio.net)
  • What is Cyclospora Cayetanensis? (learninginfo.org)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoan that causes disease in humans, and perhaps other primates. (learninginfo.org)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is a microscopic parasite of humans. (fda.gov)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is spread by indirect fecal-oral route due to contamination of food and water. (asm.org)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoal parasite of humans that normally causes a self-limiting diarrhea. (asm.org)
  • The NACMCF Subcommittee on Cyclospora cayetanensis , will convene a virtual subcommittee meeting on May 24, 2022, from 11:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. (usda.gov)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes an infection of the small intestine called cyclosporiasis. (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • Because humans are the only known host for the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis, transmission occurs when people eat food contaminated with microscopic amounts of feces from an infected person. (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes a gastrointestinal food poisoning illness in people who eat contaminated food or water. (schmidtlaw.com)
  • For instance, it is imperative to always confirm presumptive positives using multiple genetic sequences when testing irrigated water samples for Cyclospora cayetanensis . (food-safety.com)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis are parasitic protozoa that cause gastroenteritis in humans. (enfermedical.ie)
  • The test for Cyclospora Cayetanensis offered by Enfer Medical is carried out by real-time multiplexed PCR, as part of an extended gastrointestinal panel . (enfermedical.ie)
  • Cyclosporiasis, also known as cyclospora infection, is a parasitic infection of the intestine that is caused by a particular microbe known as Cyclospora cayetanensis. (healthtian.com)
  • As such, doctors will often look for other common causes of diarrhea before eventually narrowing it down to Cyclospora cayetanensis. (healthtian.com)
  • Cyclospora infection(cyclosporiasis) is caused by the ingestion of a one-celled parasite known as Cyclospora cayetanensis. (healthtian.com)
  • Unlike other foodborne parasites, cyclosporiasis doesn't begin until the parasite cyclospora cayetanensis is passed out from the stool. (healthtian.com)
  • Cyclospora is an intestinal disease caused by the Cyclospora cayetanensis parasite that can lead to symptoms such as watery diarrhea, cramping, fatigue, vomiting, and low-grade fever. (amazonaws.com)
  • According to the CDC, Cyclospora cayetanensis is most commonly spread through the consumption of food or water contaminated with feces and in the United States, outbreaks of cyclosporiasis since the 1990s have been traced to produce including raspberries, basil, and lettuce. (amazonaws.com)
  • Just last week, we spoke with a couple who contracted the parasite Cyclospora Cayetanensis during a summer 2016 stay at the resort. (yourholidayclaims.co.uk)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is a protozoan parasite causing intestinal infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis has also been responsible for a few waterborne outbreaks in North America and elsewhere [ 8 , 9 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Last summer, Fresh Express salads-a romaine lettuce mix-sold at McDonald's were pulled from the fast food chain after being linked to a Cyclospora cayetanensis outbreak. (food-safety.com)
  • The Fresh Express Blue-Ribbon Panel on the Prevention of Cyclospora Outbreaks in the Food Supply-an independent panel comprised of food safety experts, outbreak response and public health officials, and scientists with deep expertise in the biology of the Cyclospora cayetanensis organism-was formed in response to the outbreak. (food-safety.com)
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis is an enteric parasite that causes gastroenteritis Footnote 1 . (canada.ca)
  • September 15, 2020 - Dr. Kali Kniel is navigating the relatively uncharted waters of developing a more accurate test for Cyclospora cayetanensis , an emerging pathogenic protozoan parasite possibly found in agricultural water supplies. (constantcontact.com)
  • Cyclosporiasis Cyclosporiasis is infection with the protozoan Cyclospora cayetanensis . (msdmanuals.com)
  • Symptoms of cyclosporiasis begin an average of seven days after ingestion of Cyclospora. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • When cyclosporiasis(cyclospora infection) is not treated, it causes diarrhea to occur. (healthtian.com)
  • Unfortunately, diagnosis of a Cyclospora infection (also known as " cyclosporiasis ") is difficult. (theclarkfirmtexas.com)
  • Locally acquired cases of cyclosporiasis are likely associated with consumption of produce imported from countries where Cyclospora is endemic Footnote 2 . (canada.ca)
  • Cyclospora infection affects both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals, the latter potentially more severely (ie, chronic, relapsing, protracted symptoms). (medscape.com)
  • [ 5 ] Also in 1993, a prospective study of 1042 stool specimens in patients with diarrhea at the Lahey Clinic in Massachusetts yielded 3 patients with Cyclospora infection. (medscape.com)
  • At least 596 people in 19 states have fallen ill with Cyclospora infection since June. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Cases in this outbreak are defined as laboratory-confirmed Cyclospora infection in a person with onset of illness since June 2013 and no history of travel outside of the U.S. or Canada during the 14 days prior to onset of illness. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Before 1996, only three outbreaks of Cyclospora infection had been reported in the United States (3-5). (cdc.gov)
  • A case of Cyclospora infection was defined as diarrhea (three or more loose stools per day or two or more stools per day if using antimotility drugs) after attending the luncheon. (cdc.gov)
  • Of the 64 persons, 37 (58%) had Cyclospora infection, including seven with laboratory-confirmed infection. (cdc.gov)
  • In May and June 1996, social event-related clusters of cases and/or sporadic cases of Cyclospora infection were reported in at least 10 states and in Ontario, Canada. (cdc.gov)
  • Preliminary evidence suggests that, in these outbreaks, consumption of fresh fruit -- raspberries and mixtures of berries and other fruits (precluding determination of which fruit in the mixture was associated with illness) -- may be associated with Cyclospora infection. (cdc.gov)
  • As of September 6, 2018, a total of 250 laboratory-confirmed cases of Cyclospora infection were reported in people who reportedly ate recalled pre-packaged Del Monte vegetable trays. (fda.gov)
  • A total of 305 cases of Cyclospora infection have been reported in Texas in 2013 with the vast majority having onsets in June and July. (foodpoisonjournal.com)
  • If you or somebody you know has been diagnosed with a Cyclospora parasite infection from ALDI salad, you should contact our lawyers immediately for a free case consultation . (schmidtlaw.com)
  • The symptoms of a Cyclospora infection generally take about 1 week to appear. (schmidtlaw.com)
  • Did you or a loved one develop a Cyclospora infection after eating at a restaurant, a recalled food, or as part of an outbreak? (cyclospora.com)
  • How Do I Know If I Have a Cyclospora Infection? (cyclospora.com)
  • Only a doctor can make a diagnosis of Cyclospora infection. (cyclospora.com)
  • The onset of symptoms of a Cyclospora infection occur between 6 hours and 3 days after an infected person was exposed to a contaminated product. (cyclospora.com)
  • Cyclospora infection often results in the development of diarrhea. (healthtian.com)
  • However, in recent times, certain fruit and produces such as raspberries, fresh basil, and lettuce have been seen to be the cause of the cyclospora infection in Canada and the United States. (healthtian.com)
  • Symptoms of Cyclospora poisoning will usually appear about a week after infection. (thefoodpoisoninglawyers.com)
  • It is too early to say whether cases of Cyclospora infection in different states are related to each other and/or to the same food item(s). (cdc.gov)
  • The diameter of Cyclospora oocysts is 8-10 um, approximately twice that of Cryptosporidium parvum. (cdc.gov)
  • Add a note to your routine O&P result that this test will not readily detect Cyclospora, Cryptosporidium, or Cystoisospora . (asm.org)
  • This chapter covers the parasites cryptosporidium and cyclospora, as they have been implicated in several food and waterborne outbreaks. (arizona.edu)
  • 4 years for Salmonella (72.93), Campylobacter (28.70), Shigella (16.61), Cryptosporidium (5.36), STEC O157 (3.84), STEC non-O157 (2.72), and Yersinia (2.36) infections, and in persons aged ≥50 years for Listeria (0.82), Vibrio (0.62), and Cyclospora (0.11) infections ( Table 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Determination of the presence of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cyclospora sp. (edu.pe)
  • For the two Cyclospora outbreaks, the outbreaks are over and the investigations have closed with no answers. (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • A new E. coli outbreak is on the FDA's CORE Outbreak Investigation Table, and the two cyclospora outbreaks that have been closed may have been linked to leafy greens. (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • The foods previously involved in cyclospora outbreaks include soft fruits, such as raspberries, and salad products such as coriander, basil and lettuce. (fleetstreetclinic.com)
  • Recent Cyclospora outbreaks have been linked to imported produce in salad served at Olive Garden and Red Lobster restaurants, salad served at McDonald's, Del Monte vegetable trays sold at Kwik Trip gas stations and fresh basil sold at grocery stores and served at restaurants. (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • Our food poisoning lawyers have represented clients in all of these outbreaks and every other major Cyclospora outbreak in the U.S. (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • No other law firm has represented more clients in recent large-scale Cyclospora outbreaks. (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • But past outbreaks of Cyclospora infections have been linked to a variety of foods, from produce to raw milk and even to peanut butter and shelf stable foods like cereal. (cyclospora.com)
  • Fresh Express Blue-Ribbon Panel on the Prevention of Cyclospora Outbreaks in the Food Supply has released an Interim Report and Fact Sheet available to the fresh produce industry for the current season. (food-safety.com)
  • The panel's goals were to study the Cyclospora parasite and identify controls to limit future outbreaks. (food-safety.com)
  • These outbreaks were suspected to be associated with consumption of produce imported from countries where Cyclospora is endemic. (canada.ca)
  • Members of Cyclospora are characterized as having oocysts with two sporocysts, each containing two sporozoites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because trichrome stain is the routine staining technique for stool specimens in most laboratories, laboratorians should be familiar with the appearance of Cyclospora stained with trichrome in order to detect oocysts during routine ex- aminations. (cdc.gov)
  • Editorial Note: Although Cyclospora is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, direct person-to-person transmission is unlikely because excreted oocysts require days to weeks under favorable environmental conditions to become infectious (i.e., sporulate). (cdc.gov)
  • Additionally, it was found that hollow fiber filters can improve the capture of Cyclospora oocysts in irrigation water samples, leading to more comprehensive research on the pathogen. (food-safety.com)
  • Several stool specimens may be required because Cyclospora oocysts may be shed intermittently and at low levels, even in persons with profuse diarrhea. (cdc.gov)
  • Cyclospora oocysts were not detected. (journalcra.com)
  • Cyclospora is a genus of apicomplexan parasites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic studies of the well-conserved SSU rRNA from various specimens has suggested that parasites in Cyclospora may be more closely related to some species of Eimeria that infect birds than the rest of the genus Eimeria is. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food recalls can be for undeclared allergens, for foreign material contamination, or for possible contamination with pathogens, which can include bacteria such as E. coli and Listeria monocytogenes, viruses such as norovirus or hepatitis A, or parasites such as cyclospora. (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • ALDI recalled Little Salad Bar® Garden Salad products in 10 states after an outbreak of infections with Cyclospora parasites. (schmidtlaw.com)
  • Testing for Cyclospora is not routinely done in most U.S. laboratories, even when stool is tested for parasites. (cdc.gov)
  • To evaluate progress toward prevention of enteric infections in the United States, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducts active population-based surveillance for laboratory-diagnosed infections caused by Campylobacter , Cyclospora , Listeria , Salmonella , Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Shigella, Vibrio , and Yersinia at 10 U.S. sites. (cdc.gov)
  • The percentage of patients hospitalized ranged from 12.9% for Cyclospora infections to 89.2% for Listeria infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Some people who are infected with Cyclospora do not have any symptoms. (fda.gov)
  • People infected with Cyclospora can experience a wide range of symptoms, including watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, and nausea. (canada.ca)
  • The symptoms would go away and return (relapse), which is common in Cyclospora infections. (theclarkfirmtexas.com)
  • The nationwide cyclospora outbreak has grown to include 210 patients and thirty hospitalizations, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ). (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • The Cyclospora attorneys at Marler Clark have filed the second lawsuit in a nationwide Cyclospora outbreak that has sickened 210 individuals in 22 states. (marlerclark.com)
  • As I said last night, according to CIDRAP , the Cyclospora illness total has reached 373 as opposed to the 353 reported by the CDC to date. (marlerblog.com)
  • Cyclospora is among the most common form of foodborne illness in the United States. (cyclospora.com)
  • If you believe that you have contracted Cyclospora on holiday, we would always advise that your report your illness to your tour operator and seek medical attention. (yourholidayclaims.co.uk)
  • You can read more on making a successful cyclospora holiday illness claim here . (yourholidayclaims.co.uk)
  • Cyclospora is a single-celled parasite that can cause diarrhea, vomiting and nausea several days to weeks after exposure. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Most people infected with Cyclospora develop diarrhea, with frequent, sometimes explosive, bowel movements. (fda.gov)
  • Cyclospora is a single-celled parasite that can cause months of watery diarrhea and dehydration without treatment. (dailyhornet.com)
  • June 22, 2020 - In association with Fresh Express INc., ALDI issued a voluntary recall for Little Salad Bar Garden Salad due to a possible risk of Cyclospora parasite infections. (schmidtlaw.com)
  • Texas Department of State Health Services ( TDSHS ) said on Jul 26 that a total of 101 Cyclospora infections have been reported in that state so far, 9 more than reflected in the CDC update. (marlerblog.com)
  • As of August 2, 2017, 206 cases of Cyclospora infections have been reported to CDC in persons who became infected in the United States and became ill on or after May 1, 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • Cyclospora outbreak sickens more than 170 in Midwest. (amazonaws.com)
  • Please use the form below to contact our Texas cyclospora lawyers for a free lawsuit review. (theclarkfirmtexas.com)
  • A new Salmonella outbreak and a new cyclospora cluster have been added to the FDA's Core Outbreak Investigation Table. (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • During 2021, the incidence of infections caused by Salmonella decreased, incidence of infections caused by Cyclospora , Yersinia , and Vibrio increased, and incidence of infections caused by other pathogens did not change. (cdc.gov)
  • More cases and states have been added by the CDC to the multi-state Cyclospora outbreak linked to bagged salads today. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • UV microscopy of concentrated stool wet-mounts is recommended for routine identification of Cyclospora in clinical specimens. (asm.org)
  • A person who has already been infected with cyclospora pass out the parasite in his or her stool. (healthtian.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 200 illnesses have been reported in connection with a current outbreak of Cyclospora as of June 27. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • Hy-Vee, Inc., based in West Des Moines, IA, is recalling an additional 12 salads across its eight-state region due to the potential that they may be contaminated with Cyclospora. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • At least 61 people in 7 states were infected with the Cyclospora parasite after eating salads from McDonald's restaurants. (dailyhornet.com)
  • Cyclospora is a microscopic parasite that can be spread through food, beverages and cross-contamination in kitchens through food handlers. (foodpoisonjournal.com)
  • Fresh Express-a subsidiary of Chiquita Brands-has released an i nterim report and fact sheet explaining a Cyclospora outbreak that was linked to their packaged leafy greens. (food-safety.com)
  • The potential for contamination was brought to Hy-Vee's attention when Fresh Express - which manufactures the product - announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC) expanded its investigation of an outbreak of Cyclospora in the upper Midwest section of the United States. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • Ottawa, June 25, 2021 - Save-On-Foods LP is recalling Dole brand Fresh Packed Blueberries from the marketplace due to possible Cyclospora contamination. (canada.ca)
  • Specifically, the summary suggests "knowing your water sources," as understanding potential human fecal contamination transfer routes to water sources used in produce agriculture can mitigate the risks of Cyclospora . (food-safety.com)
  • Within the Apicomplexa, Cyclospora belong to the sub-class Coccidia and family Eimeriidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relationships among various coccidia estimated for SSU rRNA sequences are shown in the cladogram below: The genus Cyclospora was created in 1881 to describe a parasite found in a millipede of the genus Glomeris. (wikipedia.org)
  • Characteristic of coccidia (phylum Apicomplexa), sporozoites of Cyclospora within the sporocyst have a membrane-bound nucleus and micronemes. (medscape.com)
  • Causing watery diarrhoea, stomach cramps, nausea and a lack of appetite, Cyclospora is spread through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. (yourholidayclaims.co.uk)
  • Topics will include (not limited to) the prevalence of Cyclospora, detection methodologies, microbial ecology of irrigation and surface waters, genotyping, and environmental persistence. (poscosecha.com)
  • Cyclospora is an intestinal parasite that is not endemic in Canada. (canada.ca)
  • People can become infected with Cyclospora by consuming food or water contaminated with the parasite. (fda.gov)
  • I think this is going to be very interesting to see if we can find Cyclospora in surface water in the urban areas and within the rural areas as well as in samples of reclaimed water, which we know is very high in E. coli ," Kniel said. (constantcontact.com)
  • Are cyclospora an important cause of diarrhoea in Bangladesh? (bmj.com)
  • The Cyclospora parasite needs time (days to weeks) after being passed in a bowel movement to become infectious for another person. (fda.gov)
  • Potential long-term complications of Cyclospora infections include: reactive arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. (cyclospora.com)
  • As of June 27, more than 200 illnesses have been reported in connection with the ongoing Cyclospora outbreak, primarily in the Midwest. (foodmanufacturing.com)
  • The CDC estimates that Cyclospora bacteria cause about 1.2 million illnesses, 23,000 hospitalizations, and 450 deaths every year, just in the United States alone. (cyclospora.com)
  • The FDA does not believe the outbreak is related to another ongoing outbreak of Cyclospora illnesses linked to Del Monte vegetable trays . (dailyhornet.com)
  • Since the 1990s, increased globalizartion of food has enabled spread of Cyclospora to nonendemic areas such as the United States and many parts of Europe. (medscape.com)
  • Contact our Cyclospora food poisoning attorneys online or at 1-888-377-8900 . (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • How Does Cyclospora Get on Food? (pritzkerlaw.com)
  • Food Safety News reports that a new Cyclospora outbreak is under investigation and there are updated patient numbers for another among the details this week in the FDA's outbreak update. (foodpoisonjournal.com)
  • Food contaminated with Cyclospora may not look or smell spoiled but can still make you sick. (canada.ca)
  • Since someone can become ill not only by ingesting contaminated food, but also by touching domesticated animals (such as: chickens, poultry, reptiles, turtles, or even guinea pigs), Cyclospora can be in anyone's environment. (cyclospora.com)
  • The CDC reports that food is the source for about 1 million of Cyclospora infections each year. (cyclospora.com)
  • August 20, 2013 - The number of victims of the Cyclospora food poisoning outbreak nears 593 people in 20 states , many people are coming forward to report suffering for weeks before they were diagnosed. (theclarkfirmtexas.com)
  • Cyclospora is kind of an enigma - we still don't understand the whole biological process and how it interacts with food products," said Kniel, Ph.D. and a professor of microbial food safety at the University of Delaware. (constantcontact.com)
  • A cyclospora outbreak in Georgia and Alabama sickened 20 people. (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • After talking to more that a few people who seem to be part of this nationwide and ongoing Cyclospora outbreak, perhaps a common vegetable is not becoming clear - yet, but it is becoming more evident that there is a common restaurant chain that links they vast majority of those sickened. (marlerblog.com)
  • In previous times (before 1990), people who had cyclospora infections were people who were either returning after their travel to a developing country or those who had HIV or any other condition that may have resulted in them having a weakened immune system . (healthtian.com)
  • As of August 10, 457 people in 29 states have contracted Cyclospora . (thefoodpoisoninglawyers.com)
  • Canada has reported that 80 people have been poisoned with Cyclospora spread over several provinces, although the source of the cases is unknown. (thefoodpoisoninglawyers.com)
  • Of those ill, 23 people have been hospitalized with Cyclospora infections. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • At one reference laboratory, despite extensive experience with O&P and MAF, less than 20% of samples that were readily identified as Cyclospora -positive by UV microscopy wet-mount were readily identified by MAF (M. Couturier, unpublished data). (asm.org)
  • Cyclospora infections were diagnosed by microscopy or polymerase chain reaction ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • A Cyclospora outbreak first made news headlines in July, 2017 based on the increased number of cases reported in Texas. (asm.org)
  • If hygiene standards within package holiday hotels are poor, there is a risk that an outbreak of Cyclospora can occur. (yourholidayclaims.co.uk)
  • These ranges, instead of absolute numbers, are used because the case counts may not match what is listed in the Nationally Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System because the cases may have been reported directly to the CDC Cyclospora surveillance program. (foodpoisoningbulletin.com)
  • Texas remains the hardest hit, with 157 cases of Cyclospora poisoning. (thefoodpoisoninglawyers.com)
  • In most cases, Cyclospora infections can be treated by a combination of antibiotics. (thefoodpoisoninglawyers.com)
  • Children and the elderly are at the highest risk for Cyclospora infections and potential long-term complications. (cyclospora.com)
  • Identification of Cyclospora in poultry. (cdc.gov)
  • García-López, H. L. and Rodríguez-Tovar, L. E. and Medina-De la Garza, C. E. "Identification of Cyclospora in poultry. (cdc.gov)
  • Cyclospora lives in the intestines of animals, and oftentimes, does not make those animals sick. (cyclospora.com)
  • Healthcare providers must specifically order testing for Cyclospora, whether testing is requested by ova and parasite (O&P) examination, by molecular methods, or by a gastrointestinal pathogen panel test. (cdc.gov)
  • Based on current information available Cyclospora may be resistant to routine chemical disinfection methods such as those using chlorine. (fda.gov)
  • Inform your clinicians that the routine "O&P" will not readily detect Cyclospora . (asm.org)
  • The doctor must specifically request special laboratory tests for Cyclospora that are not routine. (theclarkfirmtexas.com)
  • Cyclospora infections can spread to other body systems and into the bloodstream. (cyclospora.com)