Thiazide diuretic also used as an antihypertensive agent.
A sulfamoylbenzamide analog of CLOPAMIDE. It is diuretic and saluretic with antihypertensive activity. It is bound to PLASMA PROTEINS, thus has a delayed onset and prolonged action.
Agents that inhibit SODIUM CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS. They act as DIURETICS. Excess use is associated with HYPOKALEMIA.
Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet, characterized by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and weakness. Symptoms are paresthesias, muscle cramps, irritability, decreased attention span, and mental confusion, possibly requiring months to appear. Deficiency of body magnesium can exist even when serum values are normal. In addition, magnesium deficiency may be organ-selective, since certain tissues become deficient before others. (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1936)
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A small colorless crystal used as an anticonvulsant, a cathartic, and an electrolyte replenisher in the treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. It causes direct inhibition of action potentials in myometrial muscle cells. Excitation and contraction are uncoupled, which decreases the frequency and force of contractions. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1083)
A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
A semisynthetic derivative of CODEINE.
The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
The interactions between physician and patient.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
An autosomal dominant porphyria that is due to a deficiency of COPROPORPHYRINOGEN OXIDASE in the LIVER, the sixth enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME. Clinical features include both neurological symptoms and cutaneous lesions. Patients excrete increased levels of porphyrin precursors, 5-AMINOLEVULINATE and COPROPORPHYRINS.
Porphyrins with four methyl and four propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Elevated levels of Coproporphyrin III in the urine and feces are major findings in patients with HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX by the conversion of two propionate groups to two vinyl groups. It is the sixth enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME, and is encoded by CPO gene. Mutations of CPO gene result in HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
A group of metabolic diseases due to deficiency of one of a number of LIVER enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME. They are characterized by the accumulation and increased excretion of PORPHYRINS or its precursors. Clinical features include neurological symptoms (PORPHYRIA, ACUTE INTERMITTENT), cutaneous lesions due to photosensitivity (PORPHYRIA CUTANEA TARDA), or both (HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA). Hepatic porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic tissues.
A diverse group of metabolic diseases characterized by errors in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME in the LIVER, the BONE MARROW, or both. They are classified by the deficiency of specific enzymes, the tissue site of enzyme defect, or the clinical features that include neurological (acute) or cutaneous (skin lesions). Porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic or erythropoietic marrow tissues.
A group of compounds containing the porphin structure, four pyrrole rings connected by methine bridges in a cyclic configuration to which a variety of side chains are attached. The nature of the side chain is indicated by a prefix, as uroporphyrin, hematoporphyrin, etc. The porphyrins, in combination with iron, form the heme component in biologically significant compounds such as hemoglobin and myoglobin.
Colorless reduced precursors of porphyrins in which the pyrrole rings are linked by methylene (-CH2-) bridges.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
An intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
An anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid.
Databases devoted to knowledge about PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS.
Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
Metals that constitute group 1(formerly group Ia) of the periodic table. They are the most strongly electropositive of the metals. Note that HYDROGEN is not considered an alkali metal even though it falls under the group 1 heading in the periodic table.
Substances that comprise all matter. Each element is made up of atoms that are identical in number of electrons and protons and in nuclear charge, but may differ in mass or number of neutrons.
Inorganic compounds that contain potassium as an integral part of the molecule.
Cell membrane glycoproteins that are selectively permeable to potassium ions. At least eight major groups of K channels exist and they are made up of dozens of different subunits.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Low and conventional dose cyclopenthiazide on glucose and lipid metabolism in mild hypertension. (1/8)

In a double-blind, placebo controlled, randomised parallel study we investigated the antihypertensive activity and metabolic adverse effects of three doses of cyclopenthiazide in 53 patients with mild hypertension. After a 4 week placebo washout period, patients with diastolic blood pressures between 90-110 mm Hg were randomly assigned to receive 50 micrograms, 125 micrograms and 500 micrograms of cyclopenthiazide or matching placebo, over an 8 week active treatment period. Blood pressure was recorded at 2 weekly intervals during the trial. Venous samples were taken for evaluation of drug effect on indices of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism just prior to, and on completion of, the active treatment period. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly (P less than 0.05) with the 125 micrograms and 500 micrograms doses of cyclopenthiazide. No change was apparent in any index of glucose and lipid metabolism over time. Low and conventional doses of cyclopenthiazide lower blood pressure without alteration to the metabolic profile in the short term.  (+info)

The case for low dose diuretics in hypertension: comparison of low and conventional doses of cyclopenthiazide. (2/8)

In a double blind placebo controlled randomised parallel study the antihypertensive activity and adverse biochemical effects of three doses of cyclopenthiazide were evaluated in patients with mild essential hypertension that had been recently diagnosed or was being treated with a single drug. After a four week placebo washout period 53 patients with diastolic blood pressures between 90-110 mm Hg were randomly assigned to 50, 125, or 500 micrograms cyclopenthiazide or matching placebo for an eight week period of treatment. Blood pressure was measured in the patients' homes by the same observer every two weeks. Serum urea, electrolytes, urate, and creatinine concentrations and 24 hour urinary sodium excretion were monitored every four weeks and serum magnesium concentration and plasma renin activity at the end of the washout and treatment periods. After eight weeks of treatment systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced in patients taking 125 and 500 micrograms cyclopenthiazide when compared with those taking placebo. The decrement in serum potassium concentration (0.6 mmol/l) and increase in serum urate concentration 0.06 mmol/l) were greatest with the 500 micrograms dose, the increase in serum urate concentration alone being significant. No change in serum magnesium concentration or 24 hour urinary sodium excretion was noted with any dose of cyclopenthiazide. Only the 500 micrograms dose of cyclopenthiazide significantly increased the mean plasma renin activity (1.8 (95% confidence interval 0.2 to 3.4)-5.4 (3.9 to 6.8) nmol angiotensin I/l/h); the other doses like the placebo had no effect. Cyclopenthiazide 125 micrograms, a dose lower than is currently marketed, produced a similar hypotensive response to 500 micrograms of the drug without upsetting the biochemical profile.  (+info)

Drugs, including alcohol, that act as risk factors for cataract, and possible protection against cataract by aspirin-like analgesics and cyclopenthiazide. (3/8)

A case-control study of cataract in Oxfordshire explored the risks and benefits associated with a variety of drugs. Steroids including the diuretic spironolactone, nifedipine, heavy smoking, and beer drinking were associated with a raised risk. On the other hand aspirin-like analgesics (paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin, etc. appeared to protect against cataract. Cyclopenthiazide appeared to provide a similar protection.  (+info)

The breast pain clinic: a rational approach to classification and treatment of breast pain. (4/8)

Three hundred and fifty women complaining of breast pain symptoms of sufficient severity to interfere with their normal lifestyle were reviewed in a special breast pain clinic over a 5 year period. Seventy-two patients (21%) had spontaneous resolution of breast pain and they required reassurance only before discharge. Of the remaining 278 patients, accurate classification of breast pain syndromes was achieved in 89%, the commonest syndrome being cyclical breast pain which accounted for 54% of the women followed up. The remaining womens' breast pain was classified as trigger zone (14%), continuous (8%), Tietze's disease (5%), spinal root (4%), duct ectasia (4%) and psychological depression (2%). In the remaining 25 patients (9%) the breast pain could not be classified. The experience from this clinic is that a majority of women complaining of severe breast pain symptoms can be accurately classified and appropriate therapy instituted.  (+info)

Arrhythmogenic potential of diuretic induced hypokalaemia in patients with mild hypertension and ischaemic heart disease. (5/8)

In view of evidence suggesting an association of mild hypokalaemia with cardiac arrhythmia, the arrhythmogenic potentials of potassium losing and potassium sparing diuretic treatments were compared in a controlled prospective crossover study of 10 patients with mild hypertension and ischaemic heart disease. Mean (SEM) plasma potassium was 4.3(0.06) mmol/l and 3.3(0.07) mmol/l after potassium sparing and potassium losing treatments respectively. Blood pressure and volume depletion as assessed by weight change, plasma renin activity, and noradrenaline concentrations did not differ significantly in the two treatment periods. The potassium losing treatment phase was associated with an increased frequency of ventricular extrasystoles, a higher Lown grading during ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring, prolonged duration and decreased phase 0 velocity of the monophasic action potential, a prolonged ventricular effective refractory period, and increased myocardial electrical instability as assessed by programmed ventricular stimulation. It is concluded that minor changes in plasma potassium concentration are associated with increased ventricular electrical instability in patients with ischaemic heart disease. Mild hypokalaemia in such patients may predispose to life threatening arrhythmias and should be avoided.  (+info)

Comparison of the beta-adrenoceptor blocking activity of oxprenolol, slow release oxprenolol and a combined oxprenolol diuretic preparation. (6/8)

1 Observations were made in five healthy subjects who exercised before and 2, 3, 6, 8 and 24 h after the oral administration on separate occasions of 160 mg oxprenolol, 160 mg slow release oxprenolol, 160 mg slow release oxprenolol with 0.25 mg cyclopenthiazide and placebo. Blood samples were obtained before and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 12 and 24 h after drug administration and assayed for oxprenolol concentration. 2 The three formulations produced maximum reductions of 29% in the exercise tachycardia 3 to 6 h after drug administration. At 24 h the effects of the three preparations were not significantly different from placebo. 3 There were no significant differences in the plasma concentrations produced by the three formulations during the 24 h period. 4 These observations suggest that the slow release formulations of oxprenolol should be given twice daily to maintain cardiac beta-adrenoceptor blockade throughout a period of 24 h.  (+info)

Xipamide and cyclopenthiazide in essential hypertension--comparative effects on blood pressure and plasma potassium. (7/8)

1 The blood pressure lowering effect of xipamide, a non-thiazide diuretic given for 6 weeks was compared in a randomised cross-over trial with that of cyclopenthiazide in 14 patients with essential hypertension. 2 Xipamide 10 or 20 mg given once daily was as effective in lowering supine blood pressure as daily cyclopenthiazide 0.5 mg. There was no difference in the blood pressure lowering effect of 10 mg xipamide daily for 2 weeks compared to 20 mg daily given for a further 4 weeks. 3 Plasma potassium was reduced by both drugs, but markedly more after both 10 mg and 20 mg xipamide than after cyclopenthiazide 0.5 mg. By the sixth week of treatment 13 of 14 patients on xipamide but only 6 of 14 on cyclopenthiazide has plasma potassium concentrations of, or less than, 3.5 mmol/l. The fall in plasma potassium was significantly greater and the final plasma potassium concentration was significantly lower after either dose of xipamide than after cyclopenthiazide. 4 These results suggest that 10 mg or 20 mg of xipamide daily is effective in lowering blood pressure in hypertensive patients but is associated with hypokalaemia. In view of recent evidence linking diuretic-induced hypokalaemia with cardiac dysrhythmias in patients with essential hypertension we would suggest that thiazide diuretics be used in preference to xipamide for the routine management of essential hypertension. Our results also suggest that the currently recommended dose of xipamide (20 mg) for the treatment of hypertension is excessive, and lower amounts than 10 mg per day might possibly be as effective in lowering blood pressure with less adverse metabolic consequences.  (+info)

Diuretic treatment of resistant hypertension. (8/8)

In patients with hypertension resistant to three or four drugs including a thiazide diuretic substitution of frusemide for the thiazide, or the addition of spironolactone, produced significant reductions in blood pressure and body weight. The response did not depend on the presence of overt fluid retention, renal impairment, or the use of antihypertensive drugs of high potency. Women had larger responses than men. Expansion of the plasma or extracellular fluid volume is an important cause of resistance to treatment even when a thiazide diuretic is used. An increase in diuretic treatment should be tried before using the postganglionic adrenergic blockers or minoxidil in resistant hypertension.  (+info)

In a double blind placebo controlled randomised parallel study the antihypertensive activity and adverse biochemical effects of three doses of cyclopenthiazide were evaluated in patients with mild essential hypertension that had been recently diagnosed or was being treated with a single drug. After a four week placebo washout period 53 patients with diastolic blood pressures between 90-110 mm Hg were randomly assigned to 50, 125, or 500 micrograms cyclopenthiazide or matching placebo for an eight week period of treatment. Blood pressure was measured in the patients homes by the same observer every two weeks. Serum urea, electrolytes, urate, and creatinine concentrations and 24 hour urinary sodium excretion were monitored every four weeks and serum magnesium concentration and plasma renin activity at the end of the washout and treatment periods. After eight weeks of treatment systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced in patients taking 125 and 500 micrograms ...
Diuretics work by increasing the amount of salt and fluid that you pass out in your urine. This has some effect on reducing the fluid in the circulation, which reduces blood pressure. They may also have a relaxing effect on the blood vessels, which reduces the pressure within the blood vessels. The most commonly used diuretics to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) in the UK are thiazides or thiazide-like diuretics. Examples are bendroflumethiazide, chlortalidone, cyclopenthiazide, and indapamide. Only a low dose of a diuretic is needed to treat high blood pressure. Therefore, you will not notice much diuretic effect (that is, you will not pass much extra urine). You will need a blood test before starting a diuretic, to check that your kidneys are working well. You should also have a blood test within 4-6 weeks of starting treatment with a diuretic, to check that your blood potassium has not been affected. Then, a yearly blood test is usual ...
Xipamide is a sulfonamide diuretic drug marketed by Eli Lilly under the trade names Aquaphor (in Germany) and Aquaphoril (in Austria). It is used for the treatment of oedema and hypertension. Like the structurally related thiazide diuretics, xipamide acts on the kidneys to reduce sodium reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule. This increases the osmolarity in the lumen, causing less water to be reabsorbed by the collecting ducts. This leads to increased urinary output. Unlike the thiazides, xipamide reaches its target from the peritubular side (blood side). Additionally, it increases the secretion of potassium in the distal tubule and collecting ducts. In high doses it also inhibits the enzyme carbonic anhydrase which leads to increased secretion of bicarbonate and alkalizes the urine. Unlike with thiazides, only terminal renal failure renders xipamide ineffective. Xipamide is used for cardiac oedema caused by decompensation of heart failure renal oedema, chronic renal disease (but not with ...
Breast pain or tenderness is also called mastalgia. The pain may feel mild or severe, achy or sharp, and it may come and go. Breast pain commonly affects the upper, outer area of both breasts, though the pain can spread to the arms. 1 As many as 50% to 70% of women experience breast pain, reported CPMC.org. There are a number of causes for breast pain. Though it is natural to be concerned, breast pain usually does not mean you have breast cancer, nor is it linked to a higher risk of cancer.1,4. The most common cause of breast pain is changes in hormone levels.4 Puberty changes in girls, and sometimes in boys, can cause mastalgia. Menstruation, pregnancy (most often in the first trimester), the days right after childbirth, and menopause are the other most common reasons a woman develops breast pain. Certain medications can also cause breast pain. Other causes of breast pain can be underlying medical problems that cause pain in the chest area such as pulmonary problems, cardiac disease, gastric ...
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 9 conditions that can cause Breast Pain and Skin Redness. There are 2 common conditions that can cause Breast Pain and Skin Redness. There are 4 somewhat common conditions that can cause Breast Pain and Skin Redness. There are 2 uncommon conditions that can cause Breast Pain and Skin Redness. There is 1 rare condition that can cause Breast Pain and Skin Redness.
Synonyms for Breast pain in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Breast pain. 2 words related to mastalgia: hurting, pain. What are synonyms for Breast pain?
The acute and chronic electrophysiological effects of a cryolesion produced in the left ventricle were studied in six dogs. All dogs had frequent ventricular premature beats (VPB) and five of six dogs had ventricular tachycardia during the first 4 days after the cryolesion; only one of the six dogs continued to have VPBs after 1 week, and this dog had identical VPBs before the creation of the cryolesion. Neither control dog had VPBs. Two additional dogs underwent epicardial and transmural mapping studies immediately after production of a cryolesion. VPBs in these animals were shown to originate at the border of the cryolesion. Epicardial activation sequence during normal sinus rhythm was not altered by the chronic cryolesion. The border zone of the chronic cryolesion was sharply demarcated with normal potentials recorded outside of the lesion and extrinsic potentials recorded within. ...
Fluctuating Hormones: The primary cause of breast pain for pre-menopausal, non pregnant, healthy women is fluctuating hormones. During a month a womans hormone levels shift and change as an egg develops, is released, and if no conception takes place, is expelled. This in and of itself can lead to breast pain. Further, consequential water retention can make your breasts more tender. Injury: Breast pain can also be caused by injury in which case, if the pain worsens, doesnt stop, or keeps coming back you should seek medical attention. Infection: You should tell your doctor if the pain doesnt stop or is accompanied by other symptoms such as: ...
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 2 conditions that can cause Upper Part of Stomach Hurts and Worsening Breast Pain. There is 1 somewhat common condition that can cause Upper Part of Stomach Hurts and Worsening Breast Pain. There is 1 uncommon condition that can cause Upper Part of Stomach Hurts and Worsening Breast Pain.
Breast pain (mastalgia) is the most common breast related complaint among women; nearly 70% of women experience breast pain at some point in their liv
Breast pain (mastalgia) is the most common breast related complaint among women; nearly 70% of women experience breast pain at some point in their liv
Now ive been experiencing horrible stomach cramps, headache, nausea, and i cant stop consuming as i by no means really feel full. Medication that are not prescribed by a doctor (together with street medicine) can be harmful for you to take at any level in your life. Research present an egg is often fertilised within 12 hours of ovulation. Notice that heat water exposure over time may cause hypotension, earlh careful attendance by pregnajcy assistant is necessary to prevent drowning. Low-weight infants may be expected to have extreme health issues comparable to respiration disorders, bronchitis and ear infections especially within the first two years of their life. You might be likely to discover that the pain in your ribs is breast pain in early pregnancy if you end up sitting down. This happens as there are hormonal changes within the body of the pregnant woman; which forestall the body both from making sufficient amount of breast pain in early pregnancy or from permitting it to function ...
Question - What is the cause and treatment for breast pain?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Breast pain, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
The most common type of breast pain is linked to your menstrual cycle. This is called cyclical breast pain. It is nearly always hormonal. You may have pain around the time that you ovulate. This pain may last until your period starts. The pain may be very minor. Or it may be so severe that you cant wear tight-fitting clothes or have close contact of any kind. The pain may be felt in only one breast. Or it may be spread over the whole underarm area.. It may be helpful for you to chart your breast pain. This will help you see if your pain is cyclical or not. After a few months, you will be able to see if there is any link between your menstrual cycle and your breast pain.. Hormones would likely affect both breasts equally. But cyclical breast pain is often more severe in one breast than the other. For this reason, hormones may not be the only cause. Many health experts believe that the pain is due to both hormonal activity and something in the breast that responds to this activity. More research ...
If hypercalcemia is due to malignancy, careful consideration of the patients prognosis and wishes is needed. If the patient is in the last stages of death, hypercalcemia need not be treated. In all other cases, however, treatment should be rapid and aggressive.. Treatment for hypercalcemia is required if the patient is symptomatic (typically a concentration of approximately 12 mg/dL). Treatment is instituted at a level ,15 mg/dL regardless of symptoms. Immediate therapy is directed at promoting calcium excretion in the urine. This is accomplished in patients with adequate cardiovascular and renal function with infusion of 0.9% saline at 300 to 500 mL/h until any fluid deficit is replaced and diuresis occurs (urine output ≥200 to 300 mL/h). Once adequate rehydration has occurred, the saline infusion rate is reduced to 100 to 200 mL/h. This diuresis will further reduce serum potassium and magnesium concentrations, which may increase the arrhythmogenic potential of the hypercalcemia. Thus, ...
Breast pain: Im breastfeeding my baby girl since she was 3 weeks old (previously tongue tie problem, used a pump). It seems like were doing great, however, from the time we started I had lots of pain when she initially latches on my left side. The right side never hurts, and she latches on the same way. The left side pain is awful, it radiates all the way to my right leg, ...
In June 2014, I began having pain in my L elbow. From there I got bad discomfort in my L shoulder socket; that eventually seems to have radiated to my L underarm area/L breast.
i want to know if it is normal to have breast pains and nippel pains constantly. Even after a nice warm bath its like burning a log. I am 25 weeks pregnant
Breast pain can be cyclical (related to periods) or non cyclical (not related to periods). Both have different causes and symptoms and are treated accordingly.
Welcome to our Health Decision Guide for women who experience breast pain or discomfort. By answering a short series of questions, you will learn about reasons…
Question - Have breast pain. Did mammogram. Came normal. What could be the reason? . Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Ibuprofen, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Confused about your breast pain during pregnancy? There are many reasons which you might be missing out. Learn more on causes and treatments of mastalgia.
Today is my last day breast feeding. I made it one month but have made the decision to stop. At this time it is what is best for us as a family. LO will be one month tomorrow. I just wanted to thank you all for your support when I asked questions. That said, I have one last question. Any tips for easing breast pain as I let my milk dry up?
Use diltiazem , not as a push but a slow bolus . Drip it in at 2.5 mg/minute until HR , 100 or you get to 50 mg. Diltiazem can be converted to a conventional dose when patient is more stable. ...
Age Related Breast Pain Cyclic Non-cyclic Cyclic Breast Pain Most common type of breast pain Accounts for 67% of all breast pain Occurs in late luteal phase (days 14-28) of the menstrual cycle and during premenstrual syndrome Once menses occurs, the pain is usually relieved Occurs in women during their reproductive years Approximately 2/3 of women with breast pain have cyclical pain Some breast discomfort can be normal with menses, but cyclic breast pain ca
The most common type of breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle and is nearly always hormonal. Some women begin to have pain around the time of ovulation which continues until the beginning of their menstrual cycle. The pain can either be barely noticeable or so severe that the woman cannot wear tight-fitting clothing or tolerate close contact of any kind. The pain may be felt in only one breast or may be felt as a radiating sensation in the underarm region.. Some physicians have women chart their breast pain to determine if the pain is cyclical or not. After a few months, the relationship between the menstrual cycle and breast pain will emerge.. Physicians continue to study the role that hormones play in cyclical mastalgia. One study has suggested that some women with cyclical mastalgia have a decreased ratio of progesterone to estrogen in the second half of the menstrual cycle. Other studies have found that an abnormality in the hormone prolactin may affect breast pain. Hormones can ...
The most common type of breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle and is nearly always hormonal. Some women begin to have pain around the time of ovulation which continues until the beginning of their menstrual cycle. The pain can either be barely noticeable or so severe that the woman cannot wear tight-fitting clothing or tolerate close contact of any kind. The pain may be felt in only one breast or may be felt as a radiating sensation in the under-arm region.. Some physicians have women chart their breast pain to determine if the pain is cyclical or not. After a few months, the relationship between the menstrual cycle and breast pain will emerge.. Physicians continue to study the role that hormones play in cyclical mastalgia. One study has suggested that some women with cyclical mastalgia have a decreased ratio of progesterone to estrogen in the second half of the menstrual cycle. Other studies have found that an abnormality in the hormone prolactin may affect breast pain. Hormones ...
Doctors for breast pain di Bendungan Hilir, Jakarta, cari dokter di dekat anda. Buat Janji Online, Lihat Biaya, Ulasan, Dokter untuk Breast Pain Treatment di Bendungan Hilir, Jakarta | Practo
Doctors for breast pain di Jembatan Lima, Jakarta, cari dokter di dekat anda. Buat Janji Online, Lihat Biaya, Ulasan, Dokter untuk Breast Pain Treatment di Jembatan Lima, Jakarta | Practo
Breast pain (mastalgia) is a non-cancerous condition. The goal of treatment is usually just to alleviate pain. Find out the options for treating breast pain.
Breast pain, or mastalgia, is a common problem, accounting for at least 50% of breast problems presenting in general practice and 14% of referrals to an Australian breast clinic.1 As stated in the beginning, many women suffer breast pain so severe that it affects their lifestyles, marriages and sexual relationships, and even prevents them from hugging their children. If no obvious physical cause is found, the problem is all too often dismissed, without appropriate empathy and reassurance, as a normal physiological effect. However, its aetiology is not clear. ...
Breast pain (mastalgia) affects most women at some point in their life. This article covers the symptoms and causes of breast pain...
Breast Pain, also known as Mastalgia is treated at Epworth Breast Service in Melbourne, VIC. Check further to learn more about managing breast pain.
Mx3 can prevent breast pain - End of Life - thoughts from an MD: A Fatal Tooth Extraction. Soothing, Natural Eazol Eases Your Aches, Pains and Twinges relief.
Our New Medical Therapies(TM) Trial Results database provides a snapshot of results from completed and ongoing clinical trials, based on published materials from medical conferences, journals and CenterWatch reports. View Breast Pain clinical trial results here.
Breast pain is usually a symptom of hormonal fluctuations, although upper body exercise and a too-tight bra can also cause discomfort.
I am 39 years old Female, with high blood pressure, I take the following medicines Diovan Tabs 160 mg for high blood pressure, Fexofenadine hcl for allergies, singulair tabs for allergies. I have seas...
I need help for my SIL. The rundown: 20 weeks pregnant not currently breastfeeding pain in a specific part of her breast where she had recurring pain...
I just had a normal 5 day long period 8 days ago. right after my period ended (the next day) my breast start getting really big and also painful. i am 34 years old, and i had my tubes tide 4 years sgo. I do have pain in my breast almost a
Justmommies is the friendliest message board for moms and moms-to-be! Discuss getting pregnant, pregnancy and prenatal care, parenting, and more.
Causes of sore nipples and breast pain can include poor positioning of your baby, bacterial infection, fungal infection (thrush) and vasospasm.
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The most common type of breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle and is nearly always hormonal. Some women begin to have pain around the time of ovulation which continues until the beginning of their menstrual period. The pain can either be barely noticeable or so severe that the woman cannot wear tight-fitting clothing or tolerate close contact of any kind. The pain may be felt in only one breast or may be felt as a radiating sensation in the under-arm region.. It may be helpful for women to chart their breast pain to determine if the pain is cyclical or not. After a few months, the relationship between the menstrual cycle and breast pain will emerge.. Hormones may not provide the total answer to cyclical breast pain, since pain is often more severe in one breast than in the other (hormones would tend to affect both breasts equally). Many health care providers believe that a combination of hormonal activity and something in the breast that responds to this activity may hold the ...
List of causes of Male breast pain and Nipple itch, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Breast pain, also called mastalgia, affects most women at some point.. The pain may be felt as heaviness or soreness, or a stabbing or burning sensation. It can be felt in any part of the breast and may spread to nearby areas too.. Many women worry that breast pain may be a sign of a serious condition such as breast cancer, but pain by itself is rarely a sign of cancer.. This page summarises some of the possible causes of breast pain and offers advice on when to see your GP.. ...
Breast pain & nodularity Aberration of normal breast involution, breast pain or mastalgia : It is the normal breast pain that a women perceives sometimes during
Hi beautiful girls, Firstly, what a wonderful site of supportive sisters trying to navigate our way through life with endometriosis. LOVE IN ABUNDANCE TO YOU ALL xoxoxox I just wondered if any of you...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
article{2015CorrectionTB, title={Correction: the benefits of detecting and treating mild hypertension.}, author={}, journal={Annals of internal medicine}, year={2015}, volume={162 6}, pages={463 ...
There are many changes that happen during the menstrual cycle to prepare a womans body for pregnancy. Breast pain that comes and goes with relation t
See what patients have to say about Dr. Emmanuel Logiadis, MD, a highly rated Internal Medicine Specialist in Trumbull, CT specializing in Knee Sprain, Breast Pain, Wellness Examination.
The breasts may be sore after a period ends for several reasons. Some may be more serious than others. Learn more about the causes of breast pain here.
Hi all, just wonded if any of you are taking 80mg slow release propranolol? And what was it prescribed for? I got prescribed it for trembling whilst eating (weird i know) but i have been okay for awhile now, its on repeat perscription, i just wonded what it be okay to just stop, because i dont want to take if i dont need them. Thanks DD
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... cyclopenthiazide MeSH D03.438.174.300 - diazoxide MeSH D03.438.174.475 - hydroflumethiazide MeSH D03.438.174.620 - ...
... hydrochloride with cyclopenthiazide Amiloride hydrochloride with bumetanide Amiloride is an inhibitor of NHE-1, which ...
cyclomenol (INN) cyclomethycaine (INN) Cyclomydril Cyclopar cyclopentamine (INN) cyclopenthiazide (INN) cyclopentolate (INN) ...
C03EA05 Mebutizide and potassium-sparing agents C03EA06 Chlortalidone and potassium-sparing agents C03EA07 Cyclopenthiazide and ... and potassium C03AB05 Polythiazide and potassium C03AB06 Trichlormethiazide and potassium C03AB07 Cyclopenthiazide and ... C03AA03 Hydrochlorothiazide C03AA04 Chlorothiazide C03AA05 Polythiazide C03AA06 Trichlormethiazide C03AA07 Cyclopenthiazide ...
... (trade name Navidrex) is a thiazide diuretic used in the treatment of heart failure and hypertension. Thiazide ...
Osmotic diuretics (e.g. mannitol) are substances that increase osmolarity but have limited tubular epithelial cell permeability. They work primarily by expanding extracellular fluid and plasma volume, therefore increasing blood flow to the kidney, particularly the peritubular capillaries. This reduces medullary osmolality and thus impairs the concentration of urine in the loop of Henle (which usually uses the high osmotic and solute gradient to transport solutes and water). Furthermore, the limited tubular epithelial cell permeability increases osmolality and thus water retention in the filtrate.[9] It was previously believed that the primary mechanism of osmotic diuretics such as mannitol is that they are filtered in the glomerulus, but cannot be reabsorbed. Thus their presence leads to an increase in the osmolarity of the filtrate and to maintain osmotic balance, water is retained in the urine. Glucose, like mannitol, is a sugar that can behave as an osmotic diuretic. Unlike mannitol, glucose ...
Animals that metabolize theobromine (found in chocolate) more slowly, such as dogs,[26] can succumb to theobromine poisoning from as little as 50 grams (1.8 oz) of milk chocolate for a smaller dog and 400 grams (14 oz), or around nine 44-gram (1.55 oz) small milk chocolate bars, for an average-sized dog. The concentration of theobromine in dark chocolates (approximately 10 g/kg (0.16 oz/lb)) is up to 10 times that of milk chocolate (1 to 5 g/kg (0.016 to 0.080 oz/lb)) - meaning dark chocolate is far more toxic to dogs per unit weight or volume than milk chocolate. The same risk is reported for cats as well,[27] although cats are less likely to ingest sweet food, with most cats having no sweet taste receptors.[28] Complications include digestive issues, dehydration, excitability, and a slow heart rate. Later stages of theobromine poisoning include epileptic-like seizures and death. If caught early on, theobromine poisoning is treatable.[29] Although not common, the effects of theobromine ...
Cyclopenthiazide (trade name Navidrex) is a thiazide diuretic used in the treatment of heart failure and hypertension. Thiazide ...
Navidrex tablets contain the active ingredient cyclopenthiazide, which is a type of medicine called a thiazide diuretic. ... Navidrex (cyclopenthiazide). Navidrex tablets contain the active ingredient cyclopenthiazide, which is a type of medicine ... Cyclopenthiazide can sometimes cause the level of sodium in your blood to fall too low and, for this reason, following a very ... Cyclopenthiazide passes into breast milk and could have unwanted effects on a nursing infant. In high doses it can also reduce ...
The case for low dose diuretics in hypertension: comparison of low and conventional doses of cyclopenthiazide. BMJ 1988; 297 : ... The case for low dose diuretics in hypertension: comparison of low and conventional doses of cyclopenthiazide.. BMJ 1988; 297 ... Cyclopenthiazide 125 micrograms, a dose lower than is currently marketed, produced a similar hypotensive response to 500 ... No change in serum magnesium concentration or 24 hour urinary sodium excretion was noted with any dose of cyclopenthiazide. ...
Cyclopenthiazide: Search drug information, interaction, images & medical diagnosis. The most comprehensive database of ... Description: Cyclopenthiazide reduces the reabsorption of electrolytes from the renal tubules, hence increasing the excretion ... Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Cyclopenthiazide from various references and is ...
Detailed drug Information for Alti-Piroxicam. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information.
Detailed drug Information for Novo-Methacin Suppositories. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.. Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.. ...
Using this medicine while you are pregnant can cause very serious birth defects. Use two forms of effective birth control to keep from getting pregnant while you are using this medicine and after treatment ends. The most effective forms of birth control are hormone birth control pills, patches, shots, vaginal rings, or implants, an IUD, or a vasectomy (for men). One of these forms of birth control should be combined with a condom, a diaphragm, or a cervical cap. Also, you must have a negative pregnancy test within 2 weeks before you will be allowed to take this medicine. If you think you have become pregnant while using this medicine, stop taking this medicine and tell your doctor right away. This medicine may raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. This is more likely in people who already have heart disease. People who use this medicine for a long time might also have a higher risk. This medicine may cause bleeding in your stomach or intestines. These problems can happen without ...
Detailed drug Information for orphenadrine, aspirin, and caffeine. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information.
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is one of the porphyrias, a group of diseases involving defects in heme metabolism and that results in excessive secretion of porphyrins and porphyrin precursors. AIP manifests itself by abdomen pain, neuropathies, and constipation, but, unlike most types of porphyria, patients with AIP do not have a rash.
Cyclopenthiazide Cyclopropane [Cyproterone acetate] Danthron Desferrioxamine Dexamethasone [Dextromoramide] Dextrose ...
Clozapine is an antipsychotic medication that is used to treat severe schizophrenia. Learn about side effects, drug interactions, dosages, warnings, and more.
Cyclopenthiazide.pharmacology.therapeutic use. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Double-Blind Method. Female. Heart Rate.drug ... Steady-state pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cilazapril in the presence and absence of cyclopenthiazide. ... 0.5 mg cyclopenthiazide (CPTZ), 2.5 mg cilazapril + 0.5 mg CPTZ, or 2.5 mg cilazapril alone for 1 month. After oral ...
Cyclopenthiazide (Navidrex). Indapamide (Natrilix). Metolazone (Metenix 5). Xipamide (Diurexan). Indicated for hypertension in ...
Trasidrex tablets contain oxprenolol in combination with cyclopenthiazide. Last updated 18.07.2011. ...
Cyclopenthiazide. Alclometasone may increase the hypokalemic activities of Cyclopenthiazide.. Experimental. Cyclosporine. The ...
Cyclopenthiazide. Rimexolone may increase the hypokalemic activities of Cyclopenthiazide.. Experimental. Daidzein. The serum ...
Перелік всіх ЛІКАРСЬКИХ ЗАСОБІВ, включених до Британського національного формуляра, для яких відсутня реєстрація в Україні
Oral β-blockers have been used extensively in the management of cardiovascular disorders (such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, and cardiac arrhythmias) for some time and their main therapeutic action is mediated through cardiac β1 adrenoreceptor blockade. However, the specific drugs used vary in their selectivity for β1 receptors, with few being highly selective to β1 receptor sites and many acting nonselectively on both on β1 and β2 adrenoreceptors. 32 Conventionally, nonselective β-blockers, primarily timolol, have been used topically to lower intraocular pressure; β1-selective β-blockers, such as topical betaxolol, have been less commonly used and are viewed as less effective. Established pharmacologic theory suggests that topical β-blockers that target β2 receptor sites, abundant in the ciliary body, 9 are the primary mechanism by which IOP is lowered. 10,33 However, it is known that β1-selective β-blockers, such as betaxolol, also lower IOP, but the mechanism by which ...
Cyclopenthiazide. ... other Chlorthalidone Metolazone Sodium, potassium, chloride Bumetanide Furosemide Antihypertensives ...
Hydrochlorothiazide, chlorothiazide, cyclopenthiazide, polythiazide, bendrofluazide, hydroflumethiazide, chlorthalidone, ...
Learn about Orphenadrine / Aspirin / Caffeine (Norgesic, Orphengesic and Invagesic), dosing, proper use and what to know before beginning treatment
Cyclopenthiazide. (Navidrex®). *Eplerenone. (Inspra®). *Furosemide / frusemide. (Froop®, Frusid®, Rusyde®, Frusol®, Lasix®). * ...
Commonly prescribed diuretics are bendrofluazide, chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, cyclopenthiazide, hydrochlorothiazide and ...
C03AA07 Cyclopenthiazide. C03AA08 Methyclothiazide. C03AA09 Cyclothiazide. C03AA13 Mebutizide. C03AB Thiazides and potassium in ... C03AB07 Cyclopenthiazide and potassium. C03AB08 Methyclothiazide and potassium. C03AB09 Cyclothiazide and potassium. C03AH ... C03EA07 Cyclopenthiazide and potassium-sparing agents. C03EA12 Metolazone and potassium-sparing agents. C03EA13 ...
and excepting a unit dosage amount of 0.25 or more mg cyclopenthiazide in a composition for twice-daily application. ... mg; cyclopenthiazide 0.07 - under 0.25 mg) and claims 10 and 11 were deleted. ... for example those for the administration of HCT and cyclopenthiazide, were already used in the state of the art for the ... and the unit dosage amount of 0.25 mg cyclopenthiazide in a composition for thrice daily application disclosed in citation (8) ...
cyclopenthiazide. Minor (1)cyclopenthiazide increases levels of calcium chloride by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/ ... cyclopenthiazide. cyclopenthiazide increases levels of calcium chloride by decreasing renal clearance. Minor/Significance ...
cyclopenthiazide. Monitor Closely (1)amoxicillin, cyclopenthiazide. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal ... cyclopenthiazide. amoxicillin, cyclopenthiazide. Either increases levels of the other by decreasing renal clearance. Use ...
This class includes bendrofluazide, chlorthalidone, cyclopenthiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide and metolazone. We asked ...
cyclopenthiazide) / (S5) / (). *cyclothiazid) / (S5) / (). *. dalbraminol) / (P.2) / (). *danazol) / (S1/1a) / (Danoval kapsz.) ...
  • This is usually bendro umethiazide, indapamide, cyclopenthiazide zu cialis 20 mg viel necessary. (puc.edu)
  • effective dose, excepting a unit dosage amount of 12.5 or more mg hydrochlorothiazide in a composition for twice-daily application, and excepting a unit dosage amount of 0.25 or more mg cyclopenthiazide in a composition for thrice-daily application. (epo.org)
  • Cyclopenthiazide (trade name Navidrex) is a thiazide diuretic used in the treatment of heart failure and hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Navidrex tablets contain the active ingredient cyclopenthiazide, which is a type of medicine called a thiazide diuretic. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Diuretics such as cyclopenthiazide can therefore be used to lower high blood pressure. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The case for low dose diuretics in hypertension: comparison of low and conventional doses of cyclopenthiazide. (bmj.com)
  • Phenoxybenzamine Cyclopenthiazide Nicotrol Hydroflumethiazide Urokinase Urokinase Neomycin Mercaptopurine, Chlorhexidine Benzthiazide Amoxil Ethisterone? (wayneschristmasvillage.com)
  • Austin Health Research Online: Steady-state pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cilazapril in the presence and absence of cyclopenthiazide. (austin.org.au)
  • Steady-state pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cilazapril in the presence and absence of cyclopenthiazide. (austin.org.au)
  • Twenty-two patients with essential hypertension received a single dose of 2.5 mg cilazapril and were then randomised into a double-blind parallel group study to receive either placebo, 1.25 mg cilazapril + 0.5 mg cyclopenthiazide (CPTZ), 2.5 mg cilazapril + 0.5 mg CPTZ, or 2.5 mg cilazapril alone for 1 month. (austin.org.au)
  • Cyclopenthiazide can sometimes cause the level of sodium in your blood to fall too low and, for this reason, following a very strict low salt (sodium) diet should be avoided while you are taking this medicine. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • No change in serum magnesium concentration or 24 hour urinary sodium excretion was noted with any dose of cyclopenthiazide. (bmj.com)
  • In a double blind placebo controlled randomised parallel study the antihypertensive activity and adverse biochemical effects of three doses of cyclopenthiazide were evaluated in patients with mild essential hypertension that had been recently diagnosed or was being treated with a single drug. (bmj.com)
  • After a four week placebo washout period 53 patients with diastolic blood pressures between 90-110 mm Hg were randomly assigned to 50, 125, or 500 micrograms cyclopenthiazide or matching placebo for an eight week period of treatment. (bmj.com)
  • After eight weeks of treatment systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced in patients taking 125 and 500 micrograms cyclopenthiazide when compared with those taking placebo. (bmj.com)
  • Cyclopenthiazide 125 micrograms, a dose lower than is currently marketed, produced a similar hypotensive response to 500 micrograms of the drug without upsetting the biochemical profile. (bmj.com)
  • Drugs, including alcohol, that act as risk factors for cataract, and possible protection against cataract by aspirin-like analgesics and cyclopenthiazide. (jamanetwork.com)