A division of GYMNOSPERMS which look like palm trees (ARECACEAE) but are more closely related to PINUS. They have large cones and large pinnate leaves and are sometimes called cycads, a term which may also refer more narrowly to cycadales or CYCAS.
Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta (conifers). They are mainly resinous, aromatic evergreen trees.
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Members contain verbenachalcone (dimeric dihydrochalcone), iridoids, and phenylethanoids.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
A large group of rod-shaped bacteria that retains the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
A plant family of the order Cycadales, class Cycadopsida, division CYCADOPHYTA.
A plant genus of the family Cycadaceae, order Cycadales, class Cycadopsida, division CYCADOPHYTA of palm-like trees. It is a source of CYCASIN, the beta-D-glucoside of methylazoxymethanol.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.

High levels of genetic variability and inbreeding in two Neotropical dioecious palms with contrasting life histories. (1/7)

We characterized the population genetics of two Neotropical dioecious palm species of Chamaedorea with contrasting life strategies from the region that is both the northernmost extent and most species rich of the genus. Chamaedorea tepejilote is a common, wind-pollinated arboreal understory palm. Although most adult plants reproduce each year, only a few individuals produce the majority of flowers and seeds. Chamaedorea elatior, conversely, is an uncommon climbing subcanopy palm with entomophilous flowers (insect-pollinated characteristics). Most of the mature palms do not reproduce in consecutive years and fruiting is episodic. Isozymes with a total of 107 alleles for 27 loci of 17 enzymes from six populations were assessed. For both species, co-occurrence of high levels of genetic variation and homozygosity was observed (C. tepejilote: He: 0.385-0.442, f: 0.431-0.486; C. elatior: He: 0.278-0.342, f: 0.466-0.535). Genetic differentiation of C. elatior was much lower (theta=0.0315) than that for C. tepejilote (theta=0.152). The contrast in differentiation may be influenced by differences in the spatial scale of the genetic neighborhoods of the two species. The simultaneous maintenance of inbreeding and of a large number of alleles within the populations is attributable to the low and variable number of mating pairs. Demographic studies indicate that this pattern could be explained by low reproductive frequency among individuals and over years in C. elatior and by reproductive dominance in C. tepejilote.  (+info)

DNA barcoding in the cycadales: testing the potential of proposed barcoding markers for species identification of cycads. (2/7)

Barcodes are short segments of DNA that can be used to uniquely identify an unknown specimen to species, particularly when diagnostic morphological features are absent. These sequences could offer a new forensic tool in plant and animal conservation-especially for endangered species such as members of the Cycadales. Ideally, barcodes could be used to positively identify illegally obtained material even in cases where diagnostic features have been purposefully removed or to release confiscated organisms into the proper breeding population. In order to be useful, a DNA barcode sequence must not only easily PCR amplify with universal or near-universal reaction conditions and primers, but also contain enough variation to generate unique identifiers at either the species or population levels. Chloroplast regions suggested by the Plant Working Group of the Consortium for the Barcode of Life (CBoL), and two alternatives, the chloroplast psbA-trnH intergenic spacer and the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (nrITS), were tested for their utility in generating unique identifiers for members of the Cycadales. Ease of amplification and sequence generation with universal primers and reaction conditions was determined for each of the seven proposed markers. While none of the proposed markers provided unique identifiers for all species tested, nrITS showed the most promise in terms of variability, although sequencing difficulties remain a drawback. We suggest a workflow for DNA barcoding, including database generation and management, which will ultimately be necessary if we are to succeed in establishing a universal DNA barcode for plants.  (+info)

Differential patterns of evolution and distribution of the symbiotic behaviour in nostocacean cyanobacteria. (3/7)

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The cycad genotoxin MAM modulates brain cellular pathways involved in neurodegenerative disease and cancer in a DNA damage-linked manner. (4/7)

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Recent synchronous radiation of a living fossil. (5/7)

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Thrips pollination of Mesozoic gymnosperms. (6/7)

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Chloroplast phylogenomics indicates that Ginkgo biloba is sister to cycads. (7/7)

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1, fertilization 7 days to 12 months or more after pollination, to ca 2 mm from receptive surface to egg; seeds large [ca 8 mm3], but not much bigger than ovule, with morphological dormancy; testa mainly of coloured sarcoexotesta, scleromesotesta, and ± degenerating endotesta; first zygotic nuclear division with chromosomes of male and female gametes lining up on separate but parallel spindles, embryogenesis initially nuclear, embryo ± chlorophyllous; gametophyte persists in seed; plastid and mitochondrial transmission paternal; genome size [1C] 10< pg [1 pg = 109 base pairs]/(2201-)17947(-35208) Mb; two copies of LEAFY gene [LEAFY, NEEDLY] and three of the PHY gene, [PHYP [PHYN + PHYO]], chloroplast IR expanded, with duplicated ribosomal RNA operons, second intron in the mitochondrial rps3 gene [group II, rps3i2]. 4 orders, 13 families, 1,058 species.. Age. This clade may be (382-)366(-344) Ma (Won & Renner 2006), ca 353.9 Ma (Y. Lu et al. 2014), 337-308.5 Ma (Morris et al. 2018), ...
The plants have woody, columnar, unbranched stems with a crown of large, pinnately compound leaves, which make it look like a palm tree. Mucilage canals are present in the pith and cortex, and the...
Afidi, i blisko srodni adelgidi i filokserani, verovatno su se razvili iz zajedničkog pretka, pre oko 280 miliona godina, u ranom permskom periodu.[8] Verovatno su se hranili biljkama poput Cordaitales ili Cycadophyta. Sa svojim mekim telima afidi se dobro ne fosiliziraju, te je najstariji poznati fosil je vrste Triassoaphis cubitus iz trijasa.[9] Međutim, oni se ponekad zaglave u biljnim eksudatima koji se okvršćavaju u jantar. Godine 1967, kada je profesor Ole Heje napisao svoju monografiju Studije o fosilnim afidima, opisano je oko šezdeset vrsta iz perioda trijasa, jure, krede i uglavnom tercijarnih perioda, a baltički ćilibar je pridoneo još četrdeset vrsta.[10] Ukupan broj vrsta bio je mali, ali je znatno porastao pojavom skrivenosemenica pre 160 miliona godina, jer je to omogućilo da se listne uši specijaliziraju. Specifikacije lisnih uši su išle ruku pod ruku sa diverzifikacijom cvetajućih biljaka. Najranije listne uši su verovatno bile polifagne, dok su se monofagne ...
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To protect the Amami rabbit, a living fossil, Japanese officials are using TNR rather than mass killing. Other nations should take notice.. ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about living fossil at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about living fossil easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
A living Shovelnose Ray is identical to a Jurassic fossil ray, a living fossil, bringing into question both evolution and geological time.
The chambered nautilus is the largest species of nautilus and is considered a living fossil, as it has remained unchanged for the past 500 million years!
We know the coelacanth as a fish that hasnt changed in millions of years, that was thought to be extinct. The creature itself is fascinating, but the story of how it was discovered in 1938 is also an interesting tale, told in a papercraft animation from BioInteractive. -via Nag on the Lake...
As we live and breathe, ancient-looking fish known as bowfin are guarding genetic secrets that that can help unravel humanity's evolutionary history and better understand its health.
The horseshoe crab is considered one of the relatively few living fossils on Earth, given that its been around for 450 million years. But this prehistoric-looking, helmet-shaped invertebrate
Cycadophyta : - Cycadophyta: There are approximately 350 species of plants in this division which, by the shape of their trunks and leaves, remind palm trees but they have nothing to do with them. It is believed that they already existed about 300 million years ago, but only some remains have been found dating 230 million years ago. They are very old trees that were very abundant in the Jurassic. Today you can find them in the wild in Southeast Asia, Southeast Africa, and Southeast Australia, Central America, Florida and the Caribbean countries. Among the trees included we can mention three families of cycads (Cycadeceae), such as Cycas revoluta, the zamias (Zamiaceae), a family containing the Encephalartos, such as Encephalartos horridus. The third family is the Stangeriaceae, within which there are two genders Stangeria and Bowenia. - Ginkgophyta: - Gingkgophyta: The ginkgo is the sole representative of this division of gymnosperms. It is a dioecious tree, meaning that there are male trees and ...
Welcome to Cycad World of Innovations. Buy, discover, learn all about (AA) Cycads from South Africa. Our cycad nursery is located in Pretoria, Gauteng. Exclusive cycads are on sale, auction. Discover our DIY cycad books and information about encephalartos.
Welcome to Cycad World of Innovations. Buy, discover, learn all about (AA) Cycads from South Africa. Our cycad nursery is located in Pretoria, Gauteng. Exclusive cycads are on sale, auction. Discover our DIY cycad books and information about encephalartos.
Cycad fruit. Close-up of the developing fruit of the cycad (Lepidozamia peroffskyana). Cycads are a primitive family of plants which have remained virtually unchanged for over 300 million years. They are slow-growing fern-like trees which produce these large fruits bearing the seeds. The fruits of this species may weigh as much as 40 kilograms when fully mature. Cycads are now rare in nature, and only inhabit tropical and sub- tropical areas. They are considered to be the most primitive of the gymnosperms (seed-bearing plants). Photographed in Melbourne Botanic Gardens, Australia. - Stock Image B500/0109
Going as far back as the dinosaurs, cycad plants are great for all gardeners. These plants add interest both indoors and out. Learn more about growing cycads in this article.
Ive mentioned cycads elsewhere on this site, and I suspected that there would be a lot of people out there who have no idea what a cycad is. You may have ...
MORETTI, A. (Dipartimento di Biologia vegetale, Facolta di Scienze, Universita di Napoli, via Foria 223, Napoli, Italy) Cytotaxonomy of cycads. Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden 57: 114â€122. 1990. Nine genera of cycads have been examined from a cytotaxonomic point of view. Karyotypic data, most of which are newly described, are figured and discussed from a phylogenetic point of view. Robertsonian changes, which involve centric fission or fusion, chromosome loss and chromosome deletion, are proposed to explain karyotype differentiation in Zamia, the only genus with interspecific chromosome variation. On the basis of these mechanisms, a scheme showing the evolution of karyotypes in Zamia is presented. The scheme appears realistic enough even though it does not show correlation with morphological and taxonomic characters of Zamia species. Two cases of infraspecific chromosome variation; Z. roezli with 2n = 22, 24, 25, 26 and Z. paucijuga with 2n = 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, are also ...
IUCN Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable, mainly due to habitat loss and over-exploiting for traditional medicine. It is listed under CITES Appendix I / EU Annex A, and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of this species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research. The species is threatened by the destruction of its habitat and the unsustainable harvesting for traditional medicinal purposes. Another possible threat to the species is the lobster louse (Diaspididae) Aulacaspis yasumatsui. The insect originally hails from Thailand where it infests their cycads. The pest has now been introduced to Florida, Hawaii, Hong Kong and the Cayman Islands, where it causes significant damage to cycads. If the species is introduced to South Africa, it could drastically reduce or even destroy the Stangeria population in a short amount of time. Stangeria eriopus is also a carrier of the fungus Guignardia mangiferae, which causes great damage to ...
Meerow, A.W., Salas-Leiva, D., Calonje, M., Ortega, J.F., Griffith, M., Nakamura, K., Jimenez-Rodriguez, F., Lawrus, J., Oberli, A. 2018. Contrasting demographic history and population structure of Zamia (Cycadales: Zamiaceae) on five islands of the Greater Antilles suggests a model for population diversification in the Caribbean clade of the genus. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 179:730-757 ...
Collector of TOP cycad and Encephalartos species.. Encephalartos and Cycas Seeds and seedings vailable for the following species. Bulk suppliers of Top Africa medicinal Herbs/plants White Pepper E-mail us if interested in any of the above products: camcycads (a) gmail. com
Cycads are often used in a decorative role in gardens. However, consuming any part of the plant can prove extremely poisonous to many types of animal, including cats. - Wag! (formerly Vetary)
Does anyone have information/protocols on tissue culturing cycads ie.diffrent stage, medias, etc. Looking forward to your replies. [email protected]
Garden tour: Living Fossils at Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium. Take a tour of our landscape with a horticulturalist, and learn about Jurassic era plants.
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
Im a translator and writer currently living in Finland. I have three academic degrees: a BA in Bible and Theology, an MA in Translation Studies, and an MA in Biblical Studies. Olen koulutukseltani sekä filosofian maisteri (pääaine: englannin kielen kääntäminen ja tulkinta) että teologian maisteri (Uuden testamentin koulutusohjelma). Lisäksi olen suorittanut BA-tutkinnon (Raamattu ja teologia ...
With 500 million years of evolution behind it, the nautilus has coped with mass extinctions, jet propulsion and even mazes. We are more of a challenge
Last month we reported on the first people who, around twelve thousand years ago, were lining their loved ones graves with flowers. This month, we have a piece on the extinct frog that was resurrected and then discovered to be a living fossil. Both of these studies were led by Israeli researchers from other institutions.…. ...
Last month we reported on the first people who, around twelve thousand years ago, were lining their loved ones graves with flowers. This month, we have a piece on the extinct frog that was resurrected and then discovered to be a living fossil. Both of these studies were led by Israeli researchers from other institutions.…. ...
Cycads General characteristics Life cycle Evolution Resources Source for information on Cycads: The Gale Encyclopedia of Science dictionary.
Copyright 2020. The World List of Cycads, online edition. Citation (CSE Style): Calonje M, Stevenson DW, Osborne R. The World List of Cycads, online edition [Internet]. 2013-2020. [cited 2020 Jan 28]. Available from: http://www.cycadlist.org. ...
Copyright 2017. The World List of Cycads, online edition. Citation (CSE Style): Calonje M, Stevenson DW, Stanberg L. The World List of Cycads, online edition [Internet]. 2013-2017. [cited 2017 Dec 14]. Available from: http://www.cycadlist.org. ...
There are only two living species of Lepidozamia. Both of them are restricted to Australia. Lepidozamia hopei is a forest dweller from the Wet Tropics of Queensland. Growing to a height of 20m, it is probably the tallest cycad in the world. Its not so lanky relative L. peroffskyana is found in rainforest and wet sclerophyll from south-eastern Queensland to north-eastern New South Wales ...
File:Macrozamia_stenomera.jpg,right,frame,Figure 1. M. stenomera in habitat.]] ===Introduction: === Macrozamia stenomera is a small (Section Parazamia) cycad that is endemic to New South Wales. It has a subterranean caudex and unique multi-divided pinnae. ===History: === This species was described in 1959 by (the late) Dr L. A. S. Johnson, when he undertook a reclassification of the nomenclature of Australian cycads. Dr Johnson (a former Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney) found that M. stenomera, which had not been previously distinguished from M. heteromera, warranted recognition as a separate and distinct species. It was named after its narrow divided leaflets. ===Distribution Range: === M. stenomera grows in north-western New South Wales in an area centred principally around Mt Kaputar, which is the highest point of the Nandewar Range. Mt Kaputar is located approximately 50 km east of Narrabri. M. stenomera also grows in sandy soil on the plains nearer ...
Living Fossils- Evolution: The Grand Experiment Episode 2. This astounding documentary shows that many modern animals and plants occur as fossils in rock layers that are dinosaur era. So why do museums refuse to portray dinosaurs with modern organisms? Because this would prove that microbes-to-man evolution never happened!. Interest level: High School-Adult. DVD, 53 Minutes ...
Living fossils not so fossilized; Canadian govt threatens scientists freedom to speak and publish; gene therapy for sensory disorders; an unusual theory of cancer; clues for an HIV vaccine
HLA-DQB2 antibody (major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ beta 2) for IHC-P, WB. Anti-HLA-DQB2 pAb (GTX104461) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
The tRNALeu (UAA) intron has been recorded in the plastid genome of many algae and land plants and was the first intron to be discovered in cyanobacteria. In all known cases it interrupts the tRNALeu anticodon loop at a conserved position (U-intron-AA). Cyanobacteria are a diverse group of photosynthetic prokaryotes, some involved in symbiotic associations with a wide range of organisms. The most studied associations are those with plants, where strains of Nostoc are the common cyanobacterial partner. In this thesis two aspects of the biology of the cyanobacterial tRNALeu (UAA) intron are focused: first, the use of the intron as a genetic marker for studying the diversity and specificity of two cyanobacterial symbiosis (bryophytes and cycads) and second, the evolutionary patterns of the intron by using the unique data set generated from the diversity analysis.. From the studies, many different Nostoc strains are involved in the two symbiotic associations, although no variation was observed ...
We were so excitedly lucky to see a stand of native Indian cycads - Cycas circinalis - in the Anamalais Hills recently (top).My second year at college and I was in a quandary. The unlikely result was a course in plant morphology! I thought I knew a lot about plants and thought them much less…
Specific Microbial Communities Associate with the Rhizosphere of Welwitschia mirabilis, a Living Fossil. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
The horseshoe crab is just one example of numerous living fossils or animals that have not changed for aeons of time. The most famous living fossil is the Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae) that was thought to be a link between fish and amphibians. Unlike ordinary fish, the Coelacanth gives birth to live offspring. Yet, the Coelacanth, dubbed the dino fish, is clearly a fish and not a half mammal. Evolutionists believed it used its fins to walk on the seabed but observations have shown this to be false. Scientists suspected that it became extinct some 65 million years ago, but in 1938 a living specimen was caught off the coast of Madagascar and since then several others have also been sighted living ...
Words Rhymes & Rhythm Ltd. (RC 1234112), publishing and educational institution that supports and promotes Nigerian writers and writings talents through several initiatives like contests, prizes, and an annual literary festival. Our publishing susbsidiary is AUTHORPEDIA.. ...
Sago palms and other toxic cycads are exceedingly poisonous to dogs and cats. If ingested, immediate veterinary medical attention is required.
There was an advert for Plasmid Tracker on this newsgroup recently. Has anyone used this program? Is useful, stable etc? Im interested in the Windows version for keeping tracks of constructs that are made in my lab. Thanks for your help Andy ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Email : andy.phillips at bbsrc.ac.uk : University of Bristol Home : andy at cycad.demon.co.uk : IACR Long Ashton Research Station Phone : +44-1275-549257 : Long Ashton Fax : +44-1275-394281 : Bristol, BS18 9AF, UK WWW : http://www.lars.bbsrc.ac.uk/plantsci/molbiol/andy.html ...
Living fossils not so fossilized; Canadian govt threatens scientists freedom to speak and publish; gene therapy for sensory disorders; an unusual theory of cancer; clues for an HIV vaccine. 0 Comments. ...
The next day we did more of the same, with a better mount, and more walk trot circles and serpentines. Third day, however, Kate got very fussy with her mouth, tossing her head and jawing a lot, even balking a little. After only ten minutes I climbed off, and, on checking her mouth, found that her lower jaw had hard swellings just below her first molars. Upon checking with the vet it was determined that the lumps were actually her adult molars coming in, but that the baby teeth--caps--above them had not yet been knocked off to make way for them to grow up, so they were pushing down into the jaw. He felt they werent far enough along for him to knock out yet, so I decided she could go back into the pasture until next spring--she was only two, after all! And shes had all the start I could want for a baby. The only thing more I might have done this first summer would have been some easy trail rides around the neighbors cattle pasture.. ...
The reproductive organs of some plants self-heat, release scent, and attract pollinators. The relations among these processes are not well understood, especially in the more ancient, nonflowering gymnosperm lineages. We describe the influence of plant volatiles in an obligate pollination mutualism between an Australian Macrozamia cycad (a gymnosperm with male and female individuals) and its specialist thrips pollinator, Cycadothrips chadwicki. Pollen-laden thrips leave male cycad cones en masse during the daily thermogenic phase, when cone temperatures and volatile emissions increase dramatically and thrips are repelled. As thermogenesis declines, total volatile emissions diminish and cones attract thrips, resulting in pollination of female cones. Behavioral and electrophysiological tests on thrips reveal that variations in b-myrcene and ocimene emissions by male and female cones are sufficient to explain the observed sequential thrips repellence (push) and attraction (pull). These dynamic ...
Cycads comprise one of the groups of these ancient plants. University of Guam horticulturists Thomas Marler and Nirmala Dongol recently studied the seed storage tissue for Guams native cycad species Cycas micronesica. The experimental results appeared in the September 2016 issue of the journal HortScience.. We knew that these seeds contained copious starch, said Marler. At times throughout recorded history the seeds from this abundant tree were exploited as the primary source of starch for human consumption. However, exactly how much starch and how that starch content related to other components of the carbohydrate profile were not known until now.. The experimental results indicated the patterns for sugar changes were opposite of the pattern for starch changes as the seeds aged. The simple sugars fructose and glucose were at their highest concentrations in young seeds, and declined to stabilize after about one year of seed growth. Concentration of the disaccharide sucrose always exceeded ...
plant reproductive system - Gymnosperms: The cycads are slow-growing dioecious (species with individuals that are either male or female) gymnosperms, the microsporangia (potential pollen) and megasporangia (potential ovules) occurring on different individual sporophytes. In all cycads except the genus Cycas, the ovules are borne on...
Reading many textbooks, mainstream articles, we are presented reports of absurdly long ages, ancient, primitive animals and plants depicted as the predecessors of the present, modern ones... Dinosaurs, trilobites and numberless others extinct species are alleged to have lived in Earth dozens of millions years ago. But, how can they be so sure of these…
Gar. These freshwater fish favor warm water; theyre generally found in the southern U.S., Central America, Mexico and the West Indies. Like bowfins, the long-jawed gars are vicious and will eat other fish. Theyre also apt to simply attack any fish in their way, even if they dont intend to eat them. Fun facts: Dont eat gar eggs - they can kill humans and other warm-blooded vertebrates. Gars themselves are also inedible. ...
Ginkgo biloba - This is a living fossil, a tree thought to be long extinct, but now known to survive in the wild in a very small region of China. The tree is upright, columnar and has flat, fan-shaped mid-to yellow-green leaves which turn golden in the fall. Height to 100 feet; spread 25 feet.
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Cycadophyta (2) Apply Cycadophyta filter *Ginkgophyta (1) Apply Ginkgophyta filter *Pteridophyta (3) Apply Pteridophyta filter ...
Palm and Cycad Exchange sells quality palms and cycads to collectors, landscapers and homeowners in San Diego County. Cycads are drought tolerant plants which live for generations. Buy or sell Cycads and palms with confidence.

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