That branch of learning which brings together theories and studies on communication and control in living organisms and machines.
A philosophy based upon spiritual intuition that is believed to transcend ordinary sensory experiences or understanding.
The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.
The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The theory that human CHARACTER and BEHAVIOR are shaped by the GENES that comprise the individual's GENOTYPE rather than by CULTURE; ENVIRONMENT; and individual choice.
The major of two hallucinogenic components of Teonanacatl, the sacred mushroom of Mexico, the other component being psilocin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

Diagnosis of rheumatism by means of universal criteria, obtained by the cybernetic method. (1/32)

With a view to establishing standardized criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatism suitable for widespread use in polyclinics and in large-scale epidemiological investigations, 3000 adults and children with rheumatism or one of seven similar diseases were subjected to multiple screening in eight centres in the USSR using a specially prepared standard card and standard methods. The information obtained was processed by cybernetic methods. Following determination of the sensitivity, specificity, and informational value of 486 signs of rheumatism, 68 of the most indicative signs were selected as criteria of rheumatism. These were included in the final table and weighted according to their indicational value both individually and in groups as syndromes. Using the table it is possible by simple calculation, without using a computer, to arrive at an objective evaluation of the reliability of the clinical diagnosis of rheumatism in patients with one of a group of eight similar diseases. The final diagnostic table was tested on 562 patients selected epidemiologically or from polyclinics or clinics and was shown to result in a high degree of diagnostic precision (higher than 95%).  (+info)

Mouse submandibular gland morphogenesis: a paradigm for embryonic signal processing. (2/32)

Signal processing is the sine qua non of embryogenesis. At its core, any single signal transduction pathway may be understood as classic Information Theory, adapted as an open system such that, because of networking, the "receiver" is presented with more information than was initially signaled by the "source". Over 40 years ago, Waddington presented his "Epigenetic Landscape" as a metaphor for the hierarchical nature of embryogenesis. Mathematically, Waddington's landscape may be modeled as a neural net. The "black box" of the neural net is an interacting network of signal transduction pathways (using hormones, growth factors, cytokines, neurotransmitters, and others) which inform the Boolean logic gates. An emerging theme in developmental biology is that defined sets of epigenetic circuits are used in multiple places, at multiple times, for similar and sometimes different purposes during organogenesis. As we show here, submandibular gland embryonic and fetal development is a splendid paradigm of these epigenetic circuits and their phenotypic outcomes, such as branching and lumen formation.  (+info)

MOTOR OUTPUT PATTERNS DURING RANDOM AND RHYTHMIC STIMULATION OF LOCUST THORACIC GANGLIA. (3/32)

This paper employs new statistical techniques to further analyze the flight control system of grasshoppers. The quantitative results confirm some hypotheses which arise from previous studies of this system. After decapitation and ablation of wing proprioceptors, stimulation of the nerve cord at random intervals can elicit a coordinated response closely resembling the normal flight motor output pattern. The coordinated response begins only after many stimuli and there are usually many cycles of after-discharge. The frequency of the cyclic output is rather low and may be increased only slightly by large increases in stimulus frequency. Input from the stretch receptors is necessary to attain normal wingstroke frequency. Frequency of wingbeat rises with a time constant of about 2 seconds (or about 25 wingbeats) when stretch receptor stimulation is initiated. Frequency decay after cessation of stimulation has about the same time constant. No special phase relationship between stimulation and output is necessary for the increase in frequency or maintenance of normal pattern. When input frequency is adjusted as closely as possible to output frequency it is still not possible to force the output to maintain a particular phase with respect to the stimulation, all phase relationships still occur. In some animals all phases occurred with equal probability; in others a particular phase was preferred. When there was a strong phase preference the normal output pattern was disrupted.  (+info)

LIMITATIONS ON COMPLEXITY OF RANDOM LEARNING NETWORKS. (4/32)

Randomly connected networks can be made adaptive, and thus able to "learn." Signal-to-noise considerations are shown to limit the maximum initial complexity which can learn. A higher order of complexity may be possible in multilayered structures which learn layer-by-layer; or if learning is possible during construction. Perception-like devices would appear not to be operative if of a high order of complexity.  (+info)

PASBio: predicate-argument structures for event extraction in molecular biology. (5/32)

BACKGROUND: The exploitation of information extraction (IE), a technology aiming to provide instances of structured representations from free-form text, has been rapidly growing within the molecular biology (MB) research community to keep track of the latest results reported in literature. IE systems have traditionally used shallow syntactic patterns for matching facts in sentences but such approaches appear inadequate to achieve high accuracy in MB event extraction due to complex sentence structure. A consensus in the IE community is emerging on the necessity for exploiting deeper knowledge structures such as through the relations between a verb and its arguments shown by predicate-argument structure (PAS). PAS is of interest as structures typically correspond to events of interest and their participating entities. For this to be realized within IE a key knowledge component is the definition of PAS frames. PAS frames for non-technical domains such as newswire are already being constructed in several projects such as PropBank, VerbNet, and FrameNet. Knowledge from PAS should enable more accurate applications in several areas where sentence understanding is required like machine translation and text summarization. In this article, we explore the need to adapt PAS for the MB domain and specify PAS frames to support IE, as well as outlining the major issues that require consideration in their construction. RESULTS: We introduce PASBio by extending a model based on PropBank to the MB domain. The hypothesis we explore is that PAS holds the key for understanding relationships describing the roles of genes and gene products in mediating their biological functions. We chose predicates describing gene expression, molecular interactions and signal transduction events with the aim of covering a number of research areas in MB. Analysis was performed on sentences containing a set of verbal predicates from MEDLINE and full text journals. Results confirm the necessity to analyze PAS specifically for MB domain. CONCLUSIONS: At present PASBio contains the analyzed PAS of over 30 verbs, publicly available on the Internet for use in advanced applications. In the future we aim to expand the knowledge base to cover more verbs and the nominal form of each predicate.  (+info)

A cybernetic approach to osteoporosis in anorexia nervosa. (6/32)

A group of 25 female individuals, who had been admitted to the University Hospital with the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa (AN) 3 to 10 years before, was seen for a follow-up visit in the hospital. These women got a psychiatric exploration to detect a present eating disorder. Moreover, parameters of the muskuloskeletal interaction were determined on the non-dominant forearm. Bone mineral content (BMC) of the radius was measured by pQCT and maximal grip force was evaluated by the use of a dynamometer. Eating disorders were present in 12 females. The mean of BMC standard deviation (SD) score was significantly reduced in comparison with reference values. Furthermore, the mean of BMC SD score was also significantly lower than the mean of grip force in SD score. These results gave the suggestion that the adaptation of bone mass to biomechanical forces is disturbed in AN. The linear regression analyses between the parameters grip force and BMC were compared between the study and the reference group. The comparison delivered a significantly lower constant in the regression equation of the study group. This result can be interpreted on the background of the mechanostat theory. The affection with an eating disorder decreases the set point in the feedback loop of bone modeling. The results offer for the first time the possibility to analyse osteoporosis in anorexic females under the paradigm of muskuloskeletal interaction.  (+info)

"Is Cybermedicine Killing You?"--The story of a Cochrane disaster. (7/32)

This editorial briefly reviews the series of unfortunate events that led to the publication, dissemination, and eventual retraction of a flawed Cochrane systematic review on interactive health communication applications (IHCAs), which was widely reported in the media with headlines such as "Internet Makes Us Sick," "Knowledge May Be Hazardous to Web Consumers' Health," "Too Much Advice Can Be Bad for Your Health," "Click to Get Sick?," and even "Is Cybermedicine Killing You?". While the media attention helped to speed up the identification of errors, leading to a retraction of the review after only 13 days, a paper published in this issue of JMIR by Rada shows that the retraction, in contrast to the original review, remained largely unnoticed by the public. We discuss the three flaws of the review, which include (1) data extraction and coding errors, (2) the pooling of heterogeneous studies, and (3) a problematic and ambiguous scope and, possibly, some overlooked studies. We then discuss "retraction ethics" for researchers, editors/publishers, and journalists. Researchers and editors should, in the case of retractions, match the aggressiveness of the original dissemination campaign if errors are detected. It is argued that researchers and their organizations may have an ethical obligation to track down journalists who reported stories on the basis of a flawed study and to specifically ask them to publish an article indicating the error. Journalists should respond to errors or retractions with reports that have the same prominence as the original story. Finally, we look at some of the lessons for the Cochrane Collaboration, which include (1) improving the peer-review system by routinely sending out pre-prints to authors of the original studies, (2) avoiding downplay of the magnitude of errors if they occur, (3) addressing the usability issues of RevMan, and (4) making critical articles such as retraction notices open access.  (+info)

The influence of objectives, learning experiences and examination blueprint on medical students' examination preparation. (8/32)

BACKGROUND: The influence of intended and informal curricula on examination preparation has not been extensively studied. This study aims to firstly describe how students utilized components of intended and informal curricula to guide examination preparation, and secondly to study the relationship between examination preparation and performance. METHODS: Students received a pre-examination questionnaire to identify components from the intended curriculum (objectives and examination blueprint), and informal curriculum (content emphasised during lectures and small groups), used during examination preparation. Multiple logistic regression was used to study the relationship between these variables and student performance (above versus at or below average). RESULTS: Eighty-one students participated. There was no difference in the proportions using the examination blueprint, content emphasised during lectures, and content emphasised during small groups (87-93%) but fewer students used objectives (35%, p < 0.001). Objectives use was associated with reduced odds of above average examination performance (adjusted odds ratio 0.27 [0.07, 0.97], p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: When preparing for the renal course examination, students were influenced at least as much by the informal as the intended curriculum. Of the two intended curriculum components, the examination blueprint appeared to be more widely used than the course objectives. This decreased use of objectives on examination preparation did not appear to have a detrimental effect on student performance.  (+info)

Cybernetics is the scientific study of how regulatory systems, such as the nervous system and brain, control and coordinate the functions of an organism or machine. It is concerned with the principles of communication and control that are used to regulate complex systems, including the ways in which they receive, process, and respond to information from their environment.

In a medical context, cybernetics may be applied to the study and development of technologies for assisting or enhancing human function, such as prosthetic limbs or brain-computer interfaces. It may also be used to understand and model the behavior of physiological systems, with the aim of developing more effective treatments for diseases and disorders.

The term "cybernetics" comes from the Greek word "kybernetes," which means "steersman" or "governor." It was first coined by mathematician Norbert Wiener in 1948, who defined it as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine."

Mysticism is not a term that is typically used in medical definitions. It is a concept that is more commonly found in theology, philosophy, and religious studies. Mysticism generally refers to direct, personal experience of the divine or transcendent reality, often through intuitive or emotional means rather than rational or logical ones.

However, in some contexts, mystical experiences may be discussed in the field of psychology and psychiatry. For example, a person might have a mystical experience as part of a spiritual practice or during a period of intense personal growth, which could be described as a "mystical state of consciousness." In such cases, these experiences might be studied from a medical or psychological perspective to better understand their underlying mechanisms and potential therapeutic uses.

Overall, while mysticism is not a medical term per se, it can intersect with the fields of psychology and psychiatry in certain contexts.

In psychology, the term "ego" is used to describe a part of the personality that deals with the conscious mind and includes the senses of self and reality. It is one of the three components of Freud's structural model of the psyche, along with the id and the superego. The ego serves as the mediator between the unconscious desires of the id and the demands of the real world, helping to shape behavior that is socially acceptable and adaptive.

It's important to note that this definition of "ego" is specific to the field of psychology and should not be confused with other uses of the term in different contexts, such as its use in popular culture to refer to an inflated sense of self-importance or self-centeredness.

Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines various scientific disciplines such as psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, anthropology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and computer science to understand the nature of human cognition, including perception, attention, memory, language, problem-solving, decision-making, learning, and consciousness.

The goal of cognitive science is to develop a unified theoretical framework that can explain how these various cognitive processes work together to enable intelligent behavior in humans and other animals. This field of study has important implications for understanding human thought, communication, creativity, and mental health, as well as for developing artificial intelligence systems that can mimic or enhance human cognition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Metaphysics" is not a term that has a medical definition. Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores fundamental questions about reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, potentiality and actuality. It's often concerned with topics like existence, time, space, causality, identity, and logic. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help with those!

Genetic determinism is a philosophical concept that suggests that our genetic makeup is the sole determining factor for our traits, behaviors, and diseases. According to this perspective, our genes dictate our development, personality, health outcomes, and other aspects of our lives, with little or no influence from environmental factors or personal choices.

However, this view has been largely discredited by modern genetic research, which has shown that the relationship between genes and traits is much more complex than previously thought. Most traits are influenced by a combination of multiple genes (known as polygenic inheritance) and environmental factors, making it difficult to predict outcomes based solely on genetics.

It's important to note that while our genes can influence our risk for certain diseases or conditions, they do not determine our destiny. Lifestyle choices, environment, and other factors can also play a significant role in shaping our health and well-being.

Psilocybin is defined as a naturally occurring psychedelic compound found in certain species of mushrooms, also known as "magic mushrooms." It is classified as a tryptamine and is structurally similar to the neurotransmitter serotonin. When ingested, psilocybin is converted into psilocin, which acts as a serotonin receptor agonist in the brain, leading to altered consciousness, perception, and thought. Its effects can vary widely depending on the individual, the dose, and the setting in which it is taken.

Radical constructivism Second-order cybernetics: Also known as the cybernetics of cybernetics, second-order cybernetics is the ... This was especially so in the development of second-order cybernetics (or the cybernetics of cybernetics), developed and ... Umpleby, Stuart (1989). "The science of cybernetics and the cybernetics of science"[permanent dead link], in: Cybernetics and ... Academic journals with focuses in cybernetics include: Constructivist Foundations Cybernetics and Human Knowing Cybernetics and ...
While Cybernetics is primarily concerned with the study of control systems, computational cybernetics focuses on their ... Computational cybernetics is the integration of cybernetics and computational intelligence techniques. Though the term ... While 'philosophical' treatments of cybernetics are common, especially in the biosciences, computational cybernetics has failed ... Furthermore, computational cybernetics covers not only mechanical, but biological (living), social and economical systems. To ...
Gray, Michael C. "Psycho-Cybernetics Book Review". www.profitadvisors.com. Retrieved 2008-03-14. 'Psycho-Cybernetics' Author; ... Psycho-Cybernetics is a self-help book written by American writer Maxwell Maltz in 1960. Motivational and self-help experts in ... Wiener, Norbert (1961). Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. M.I.T. Press. Maltz, Maxwell ( ... In Psycho-Cybernetics, Maltz observed from Wiener's work the following on cybernetic mechanisms: There's a "mechanism" which ...
"Cybernetics Guardian". T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews. Cybernetics Guardian (anime) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia v t e ( ... Cybernetics Guardian (聖獣機サイガード, Seijūki Saigādo, lit. Holy Beast Machine Cy-Guard) is an anime original video animation. The ...
"20th WCP: The Significance of System Cybernetics for Contemporary Philosophy- Post-Modernity in System Cybernetics". www.bu.edu ... Dualism in cybernetics emerged from the notion that there is another form of dualism besides the classical mind-matter dualism ... Dualism in cybernetics refers to systems or problems in which one or more intelligent adversaries attempt to exploit the ... Norbert Wiener, the founder of cybernetics, used this as the basis of his position that information is a different reality from ...
Heterostasis is a medical term. It is a neologism coined by Walter Cannon intended to connote an alternative but related meaning to its lexical sibling Homeostasis, which means 'same state'. Any device, organ, system or organism capable of Heterostasis (multistable behavior) can be represented by an abstract state machine composed of a characteristic set of related, interconnected states, linked dynamically by change processes allowing transition between states. Although the term 'Heterostasis' is an obvious rearrangement (by syntactically substituting the prefix 'Hetero-' for its dichotome 'Homeo-', and likewise swapping the semantic reference, from 'same'/'single' to 'different'/'many'), the endocrinologist Hans Selye is generally credited with its invention. An excellent overview of the two concepts is contained in the Cambridge Handbook of Psychophysiology, Chapter 19. Selye's ideas were used by Gunther et al., in which dimensionless numbers (allometric invariance analysis) were used to ...
Cybernetics may also refer to: Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, a 1948 book by Norbert ... Look up cybernetics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory ... formerly Journal of Cybernetics, a peer-reviewed scientific journal Cybernetics Society, a British society for the promotion of ... the cybernetics of cybernetics Cyberneticist Cyber (disambiguation) Cybersex Cyberwarfare Cyborg (disambiguation) Body hacking ...
Media related to Biomedical Cybernetics at Wikimedia Commons ResearchGate topic on biomedical cybernetics v t e v t e (Commons ... Biological cybernetics Medical cybernetics Connectionism Decision theory Information theory Systeomics Systems theory ... Biomedical cybernetics investigates signal processing, decision making and control structures in living organisms. Applications ... Cybernetics Prosthetics List of biomedical cybernetics software Barabási, A. L.; Z. N. Oltvai (2004). "Network Biology: ...
... also known as technical cybernetics or cybernetic engineering, is the branch of cybernetics concerned ... Page vii Tsien, Hsue-Shen (1954). Engineering Cybernetics. McGraw-Hill. Gao, Z. Engineering cybernetics: 60 years in the making ... "Technical Cybernetics" at the University of Magdeburg Department of Engineering Cybernetics at the Norwegian University of ... cybernetics) Viable system theory Viable system model Viable systems approach Tsien, Hsue-Shen (1954). Engineering Cybernetics ...
Francis Heylighen (2001), "Cybernetics and Second-Order Cybernetics" in: R.A. Meyers (ed.), Encyclopedia of Physical Science & ... The Cybernetics Society International Federation for Systems Research Web Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems (All articles ... Management cybernetics is concerned with the application of cybernetics to management and organizations. "Management ... Organizational cybernetics (OC) is sometimes distinguished from management cybernetics.[clarification needed][citation needed] ...
In cybernetics, the term variety denotes the total number of distinguishable elements of a set, most often the set of states, ... Management Cybernetics: The Law of Requisite Variety Livas short introductory videos on YouTube Practopoiesis: How biological ... Stafford Beer took up this analysis in his writings on management cybernetics. Beer defines variety as "the total number of ... Variety is used in cybernetics as an information theory that is easily related to deterministic finite automata, and less ...
The Cybernetics Society is a UK-based learned society that exists to promote the understanding of Cybernetics. The core ... CYBCOM: CYBCOM is a Cybernetics discussion group. Fellows of the Cybernetics Society: Some of the numerous fellows are Ranulph ... https://enacting-cybernetics.org/ Cybernetics Society homepage Enacting Cybernetics Kybernetes (Articles with short description ... The journal is focused on "exploring and developing the many ways in which cybernetics may be practiced in the world." The ...
List of biomedical cybernetics software List of medical cybernetics schools, Colleges and Universities Medical Cybernetics ... Medical cybernetics is a branch of cybernetics which has been heavily affected by the development of the computer, which ... Institute for Medical Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence, Medical University Vienna, Austria Medical Cybernetics in the ... Approaches of medical cybernetics include: Systems theory in medical sciences: The scope of systems theory in the medical ...
... , also known as the cybernetics of cybernetics, is the recursive application of cybernetics to itself ... Cybernetics then becomes cybernetics of cybernetics, or second-order cybernetics. Theoretical developments closely associated ... "Cybernetics of Cybernetics" - the 1974 book and a 1979 paper. The terms 'early cybernetics' and 'later cybernetics' have ... and is sometimes referred to as the cybernetics of cybernetics, or, more rarely, the new cybernetics, or second cybernetics. ...
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of cybernetics and systems science, including artificial ... Cybernetics" "Journals Ranked by Impact: Computer Science, Cybernetics". 2012 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Social ... Cybernetics and Systems is abstracted and indexed in: ACM Guide to Computing Literature BIOSIS Previews CompuMath Citation ... The journal was established in 1971 as Journal of Cybernetics and obtained its current title in 1980. It is published by Taylor ...
The Encyclopedia of Cybernetics (Ukrainian: Енциклопедія кібернетики) is a Ukrainian language encyclopedia of computer science ... Myroslav Kratko The creation of the Ukrainian-language Encyclopedia of Cybernetics, www.istpravda.com.ua/digest/2011/02/7/22204 ... Kateryna Yuschenko Eduard Skorokhodko Ukraine portal Books portal International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics ...
ASC website The ASC Glossary of Cybernetics by the American Society for Cybernetics Cybernetics and Human Knowing Journal ... Further activities of the ASC are: ASC Glossary on Cybernetics and Systems Theory Disciplinary Matrices in Cybernetics and ... The American Society for Cybernetics (ASC) is an American non-profit scholastic organization for the advancement of cybernetics ... "Wiener Medal in Cybernetics" is an annual award by the American Society for Cybernetics in recognition of outstanding ...
... and Chapter X in Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine, The MIT Press. Cybernetics, or ... 2011) [1997]. International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2nd ed.). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 107. ISBN 978-3- ... "Cybernetics". Drexler sees self-replication (copying) as a key step in nano and universal assembly. In later work he seeks to ... An Introduction to Cybernetics, Part Two Chapman & Hall Conant, Roger C.; Ross Ashby, W. (8 March 2007). "Every good regulator ...
... : A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics, Autopoiesis & Cyber-Semiotics is a quarterly peer- ... Brier, Søren (1992). "Foreword". Cybernetics and Human Knowing. 1 (1): 3. Archived from the original on 2015-02-10. Retrieved ... "Wavefront". American Society for Cybernetics. Retrieved 10 February 2015. Official website ISSN 0907-0877 (Articles lacking ... second-order cybernetics, semiotics, and systems theory, among others. The journal was established in 1992 and is published by ...
The old cybernetics has been elaborated ad infinitum. The new cybernetics (some call it second-order cybernetics in contrast to ... This is a possibly defining paradigm of the new cybernetics or second-order cybernetics. Unfoldment of coherences of ... New Cybernetics, as used by cybernetician Gordon Pask, is the meaningful transfer of information between coherences in all ... The Cybernetics Society: Gordon Pask Download incomplete 90 page manuscript 1992 (Harv and Sfn no-target errors, Orphaned ...
... is a book by W. Ross Ashby, first published in 1956 in London by Chapman and Hall. An ... An Introduction is widely seen as a classic, influential text in the field of cybernetics, going beyond the work already done ... Donald M. MacKay, a pioneer of information theory and cybernetics himself, writes in a review in a 1957 issue of Nature: ... Part Three deals with what Ashby notes is the "central theme" of cybernetics. It relates Ashby's concept of variety with ...
Hayek mentions cybernetics as a discipline that could help economists understand the "self-organizing or self-generating ... In the same book, Law, Legislation and Liberty, Hayek mentions, along with cybernetics, that economists should rely on the ... "Economic Cybernetics". TheFreeDictionary.com. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Retrieved 29 December 2020. Maonescu, Manea (1 ... Economics is one domain in which cybernetics has had application and influence. The Great Soviet Encyclopaedia defines Economic ...
... presented the tenets of cybernetics to a Soviet audience. Alongside the article "What is Cybernetics" by Ernst Kolman, ... He saw the importance of cybernetics as being in relationship to computer science, and started leading a team working on the " ... He had been delivering a number of lectures about cybernetics since 1953. He negotiated with Sobolev and Lyapunov to become ... "The Main Features of Cybernetics" (Russian: Основные черты кибернетики) was a key text which led to the emergence of ...
... had its own particular characteristics, as the study of cybernetics came into contact with the ... "Cybernetics" in the Short Philosophical Dictionary, 1954 The initial reception of cybernetics in the stifling scientific ... By the 1960s, this fast legitimization put cybernetics in fashion, as "cybernetics" became a buzzword among career-minded ... Berg continued with his campaign for Soviet cybernetics into the 1960s, as cybernetics entered the Soviet mainstream. Berg's ...
An open library for computational cybernetics". cyberunits.sourceforge.net. Retrieved 17 April 2021. (Articles with short ... Biomedical cybernetics, Lists of bioinformatics software, Systems biology). ...
The First International Congress on Cybernetics was held in Namur, Belgium, 26-29 June 1956. It led to the formation of the ... v t e v t e (Cybernetics, 1956 conferences, All stub articles, Computer conference stubs, Systems theory stubs). ... Attendees included: Stafford Beer: "The impact of cybernetics on the concept of industrial organization" Albert Uttley: "A ... "IAC - International Association for Cybernetics". pespmc1.vub.ac.be. Retrieved 1 July 2019. Sprevak, Mark; Colombo, Matteo ( ...
The Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics is located in Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is one of 80 ... The scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics aim to determine which signals and processes are ... Homepage of the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ...
... was the title of a symposium and accompanying publication sponsored by Aksel Berg, a ... The symposium was held in 1961, prior to the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, where cybernetics was ... CS1 Swedish-language sources (sv), Cybernetics, Science and technology in the Soviet Union, 1961 in the Soviet Union). ... Peters, Benjamin (2012). "Normalizing Soviet Cybernetics". Information & Culture. 47 (2): 145-175. doi:10.1353/lac.2012.0009. ...
Man, and Cybernetics Society: past, present, and future". IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. 22: 1-9. doi: ... IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics: Computational approaches in the area of cybernetics, accepting papers on topics relevant to ... and Cybernetics", Part A, Part B, and Part C. Part A is devoted to systems and humans, and Part B to cybernetics . In 2012, the ... and cybernetics". The earliest incarnation of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society was the IRE Professional Group on ...
The book International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics is an authoritative encyclopedia for systems theory, cybernetics ... This book offers a collection of more than 3000 keywords and articles of Systems and Cybernetics. Many items contain quotes ... Book review: International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics, by: John P. van Gigch. Some general references and terms in ... A Celebration of Charles Francois' 'International Encyclopaedia of Systems and Cybernetics', a Sort of Self-referential Work of ...
Radical constructivism Second-order cybernetics: Also known as the cybernetics of cybernetics, second-order cybernetics is the ... This was especially so in the development of second-order cybernetics (or the cybernetics of cybernetics), developed and ... Umpleby, Stuart (1989). "The science of cybernetics and the cybernetics of science"[permanent dead link], in: Cybernetics and ... Academic journals with focuses in cybernetics include: Constructivist Foundations Cybernetics and Human Knowing Cybernetics and ...
Survey of cybernetics.} *[PAG61] Pask, Gordon: (1961) Approach to Cybernetics, Harper & Brothers, New York *[RAA86] Rapoport, ... WIN48] Wiener, Norbert: (1948) Cybernetics, MIT Press, Cambridge {First book on cybernetics from this master of the field.} *[ ... AM84] American Society for Cybernetics: (1984) Glossary on Cybernetics and Systems Theory, ASC, GWU, Washington *[ASR56] Ashby ... GLV66] Glushkov, VM: (1966) Introduction to Cybernetics, Academic Press, New York {Excellent book on cybernetics, translated ...
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 1. IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 2. IEEE ... IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 4. IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 5. IEEE ... IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 7. IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 8. IEEE ... IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 10. IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2023 - 11. ...
Cybernetics related book titles and textbooks published by Routledge and CRC Press. ...
Dancing with Cybernetics (on Bridges in the Wind) pp. 50-58(9) Authors: Steier, F.; Jorgenson, J. ... Reflections on Constructing a Reality: The American Society for Cybernetics in the 1980s pp. 28-41(14) Author: Reckmeyer, W.J. ... A History of the History of Cybernetics: An Agenda for an Ever-changing Present pp. 42-49(8) Author: Richards, L. ... Living in Cybernetics--Making it Personal pp. 98-102(5) Author: Bateson, M.C. ...
Halvor Møll Nilsen stands as a senior research scientist within SINTEF Digitals Applied Computational Sciences group in Oslo. His expertise centers on numerically simulating flow in porous media, particularly within porous rock and electrochemical systems. His research holds applications in reservoirs, CO2 storage, geothermal systems, and battery technology. He has been an active developer of the open-sources codes MRST, BattMo and OPM Flow. ...
Language of instruction: Norwegian. You have to meet the Norwegian language requirements, or have a Scandinavian language as your mother tongue, if you want to apply to any of NTNUs degree programmes taught in Norwegian.. The application deadline for the programme is April 15th. Students apply through Samordna Opptak. ...
Advancing and promoting cybernetics as an interdisciplinary conversation. ... "First order cybernetics: The cybernetics of observed systems.. Second order cybernetics: The cybernetics of observing systems." ... There are many definitions of cybernetics and many individuals who have influenced the direction of cybernetics. Cybernetics ... "Cybernetics, as we all know, can be described in many ways. My cybernetics is neither mathematical nor formalized. The way I ...
On Socialist Cybernetics, Accelerationist Dreams, and Tiqquns Nightmares Nikita Khrushchev was skeptical whether computers can ... Khrushchev, still … Continue reading On Socialist Cybernetics, Accelerationist Dreams, and Tiqquns Nightmares ... On Socialist Cybernetics, Accelerationist Dreams, and Tiqquns Nightmares,/a,,/blockquote,,iframe sandbox=allow-scripts ... On Socialist Cybernetics, Accelerationist Dreams, and Tiqquns Nightmares” — INC Longform data-secret=4QkFtDUvt9 ...
of Cybernetics, FEE CTU. 2011 Research Stay at the Open University, Milton Keynes, UK 2005 MSc. in Technical Cybernetics at the ... In Proceedings of the Twentieth European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research. Vienna: Austrian Society for Cybernetics ... of Cybernetics, FEE CTU 2011 Intenship at the Clark & Parsia, LLC, Washington DC, USA ... Department of Cybernetics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering. Czech Technical University. Tel.: +420 ...
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IEEE Access: IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society Section *IEEE Access: IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society ... Computational Cybernetics (CC) is the synergetic integration of Cybernetics and Computational Intelligence techniques. ... Home • About SMCS • History • 2014 Archives • Technical Committees • Computational Cybernetics. *About SMCS *Governance *Board ... The mission of the Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society is to serve the interests of its members and the community at large by ...
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The International Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics Re-Published in. Academia.edu. (A Community of about 40.000.000 ...
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The International Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics Re-Published in. Academia.edu. (A Community of about 40.000.000 ...
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Cybernetics of the Poor examines the relationship between art and cybernetics and their intersections in the past and present. ... Cybernetics of the Poor Texts by Sabeth Buchmann, Mercedes Bunz, Diedrich Diederichsen, Oier Etxeberria, Harun Farocki, ... How much of the "counterforce" (Thomas Pynchon) exists within art when it is conceived as a cybernetics of the poor? ... Since the late 1940s, the term cybernetics has been used to describe self-regulating systems that measure, anticipate, and ...
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In real-time cities, urbanity merges with digital information so that the built environment is dynamically sensed and synchronously actuated to perform
Dr Carl Rasmussen is a Lecturer in the Machine Learning Group, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge. He has very broad interests in probabilistic inference in machine learning, covering both unsupervised, supervised and reinforcement learning. He is particularly interested in design and evaluation of non-parametric methods such as Gaussian processes and Dirichlet processes. ...
Thus she moves from the post-World War II Macy Conferences on cybernetics to the 1952 novel Limbo by cybernetics aficionado ... From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life, How We Became Posthuman provides an indispensable account of how we arrived ... How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Critical Writing ...
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Cybernetics. Publisher. New York, M.I.T. Press. Collection. inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks. Contributor. ... Cybernetics; or, Control and communication in the animal and the machine by. Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964. ... Cybernetics; or, Control and communication in the animal and the machine Bookreader Item Preview ...
By the way, "cybernetics" and "government" both derive from the Greek term kubernetes, the steersman or pilot of a ship.]) ... REFERENCE: The Smith Model, an architecture for cybernetics and mind-body/ free will/ determinism/ compatibilism analysis . . . ... it is worth the while to post the following summary on the Smith Model for agent cause and cybernetics, from the IOSE unit on ...
  • In 1964, the Macy Conferences gave rise to the American Society for Cybernetics, a professional organization. (technologistsinsync.com)
  • Since the late 1940s, the term cybernetics has been used to describe self-regulating systems that measure, anticipate, and react in response to changing conditions. (sternberg-press.com)
  • Apps are designed for customers with a registered copy of Media Cybernetics software. (mediacy.com)
  • Students of the Master's program Cybernetics and Robotics will acquire advanced knowledge of cybernetics, robotics, automatic control, diagnostics, and sensors in the compulsory subjects of the program and will also develop their creative engineering skills in the subjects of project type. (masterstudies.com)
  • Students study the general field called Cybernetics and Robotics and can choose courses from four available specializations. (masterstudies.com)
  • The Master's course is loosely based on the undergraduate program Cybernetics and robotics, but it is open to graduates from other programs, faculties, and schools. (masterstudies.com)
  • One of the most well known definitions is that of Wiener who characterised cybernetics as concerned with "control and communication in the animal and the machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Norbert Wiener, the word cybernetics was coined by a research group involving himself and Arturo Rosenblueth in the summer of 1947. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Macy Conferences on Cybernetics, which ran from 1946 to 1960, aimed to provide the framework for developing multidisciplinary disciplines such as cybernetics, cognitive psychology, artificial life, and artificial intelligence. (technologistsinsync.com)
  • Optimism and Faith in Mechanism among Social Scientists at the Macy Conferences on Cybernetics, 1946-1953. (technologistsinsync.com)
  • It has been attested in print since at least 1948 through Wiener's book Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one of the labyrinths that are Lund libraries, there was a book that caught my eye: "Designing Freedom" by Stafford Beer , the father of Management Cybernetics . (lu.se)
  • Download Automation Communication And Cybernetics In Science And Engineering 2015 2016 PDF/ePub or read online books in Mobi eBooks. (ardhindie.com)
  • Click Download or Read Online button to get Automation Communication And Cybernetics In Science And Engineering 2015 2016 book now. (ardhindie.com)
  • Automation Communication And Cybernetics In Science And Engineering 2015 2016 written by Sabina Jeschke and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-11-15 with Computers categories. (ardhindie.com)
  • A festschrift issue of Cybernetics and Human Knowing focusing on the work of Ranulph Glanville, cybernetician, design researcher, theorist, educator and multi-platform artist/designer/performer. (ellibs.com)
  • Santech Cybernetics is a talent search organization primarily focused on sourcing IT professionals for several industries. (santechcareers.com)
  • The abstract and often formal mathematical nature of its aim … makes cybernetics applicable to any empirical domain in which processes of communication and their numerous correlates occur. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • Cybernetics Revisited b) 500 hundred word abstract for articles. (leoalmanac.org)
  • From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life, How We Became Posthuman provides an indispensable account of how we arrived in our virtual age, and of where we might go from here. (elmcip.net)
  • Guide to the theory and practice of management cybernetics, based on Beer . (ac.be)
  • That is, I want the label 'cybernetics' to attract people who have an interest in both the subject and practice of conversation, and of creating the 'new' out of this form of dynamic interaction, irrespective of whether their interests are in electronics, life, society, or mind, and whether they come from science, art, or politics. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • In addition, it gathers recent and historical works by artists who believed in cybernetics as a participatory, playful practice or who were pioneers in delineating a counter-cybernetics. (sternberg-press.com)
  • Another early definition is that of the Macy cybernetics conferences, where cybernetics was understood as the study of "circular causal and feedback mechanisms in biological and social systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because numerous systems in the living, social and technological world may be understood in this way, cybernetics cuts across many traditional disciplinary boundaries. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • There are many definitions of cybernetics and many individuals who have influenced the direction of cybernetics. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • IEEE transactions on systems, man, and cybernetics. (safetylit.org)
  • Applications of cybernetics are widespread, notably In the computer and information sciences, in the natural and social sciences, in politics, education and management. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • There have been efforts on the part of scholarly organizations, like the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS, formerly the Society for General Systems Research (SGSR)), to develop lists of terms and concepts held in common with Cybernetics and Systems Science. (ac.be)
  • An important contribution is the large pamphlet Education in the Systems Sciences [ SNB90 ], detailing a great deal of information about the whole nature of Cybernetics and Systems Science and how it is carried out around the world. (ac.be)
  • Cybernetics is a wide-ranging field concerned with circular causal processes such as feedback. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cybernetics is concerned with circular causal processes however they are embodied, including in ecological, technological, biological, cognitive and social systems and also in the context of practical activities such as designing, learning, managing, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite its short history, cybernetics has developed a concern with a wide range of processes involving people as active organizers, as sharing communicators, and as autonomous, responsible individuals. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • Is it possible to look at the history of cybernetics as something that provides us with "an imaginative model of open-ended experimentation in stark opposition to the modern urge to achieve domination over nature and each other? (leoalmanac.org)
  • still the finest introductory book on cybernetics and systems theory. (ac.be)
  • We have decided to call the entire field of control and communication theory, whether in the machine or in the animal, by the name Cybernetics, which we form from the Greek κυβερνήτης or steersman. (wikipedia.org)
  • What if we explore Pickering's arguments further and locate them into the interactive media art field, thereby investigating the status of cybernetics today in art, technology and science? (leoalmanac.org)
  • Cybernetics takes as its domain the design or discovery and application of principles of regulation and communication. (asc-cybernetics.org)
  • Social cybernetics of team performance variability. (cdc.gov)
  • In Cybernetics and Systems Science proper, many people have approached the general task of compiling large amounts of useful information. (ac.be)
  • Initially relevant mostly in the fields of administration, planning, criminology, and early ecology, under digital capitalism cybernetics has become an economic factor (see: big data). (sternberg-press.com)
  • Von Foerster coined the idea of a 'cybernetics of cybernetics' as a way to analyze the control of control and the (set-up of) communication of communication(-systems). (leoalmanac.org)
  • Cybernetics offers a unique blend of wisdom, technical knowhow, theoretical concepts and tools, and experience related to real-world problems. (cybsoc.org)
  • Member: International Federation for Systems Research (IFSR), affiliated: World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics (WOSC). (cybsoc.org)
  • Cybernetics seeks to develop general theories of communication within complex systems. (asc-cybernetics.org)