The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
City in Orleans Parish (county), largest city in state of LOUISIANA. It is located between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE containing several subgroups and many species. Most are arboviruses transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks. The type species is YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.
The collective name for islands of the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines, including the Mariana, PALAU, Caroline, Marshall, and Kiribati Islands. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p761 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p350)
Infections with viruses of the genus FLAVIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.
A genus of mosquitoes in the family CULICIDAE. A large number of the species are found in the neotropical part of the Americas.
The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.
An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
A sulfuric acid dimer, formed by disulfide linkage. This compound has been used to prolong coagulation time and as an antidote in cyanide poisoning.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.

The role of gene splicing, gene amplification and regulation in mosquito insecticide resistance. (1/1529)

The primary routes of insecticide resistance in all insects are alterations in the insecticide target sites or changes in the rate at which the insecticide is detoxified. Three enzyme systems, glutathione S-transferases, esterases and monooxygenases, are involved in the detoxification of the four major insecticide classes. These enzymes act by rapidly metabolizing the insecticide to non-toxic products, or by rapidly binding and very slowly turning over the insecticide (sequestration). In Culex mosquitoes, the most common organophosphate insecticide resistance mechanism is caused by co-amplification of two esterases. The amplified esterases are differentially regulated, with three times more Est beta 2(1) being produced than Est alpha 2(1). Cis-acting regulatory sequences associated with these esterases are under investigation. All the amplified esterases in different Culex species act through sequestration. The rates at which they bind with insecticides are more rapid than those for their non-amplified counterparts in the insecticide-susceptible insects. In contrast, esterase-based organophosphate resistance in Anopheles is invariably based on changes in substrate specificities and increased turnover rates of a small subset of insecticides. The up-regulation of both glutathione S-transferases and monooxygenases in resistant mosquitoes is due to the effects of a single major gene in each case. The products of these major genes up-regulate a broad range of enzymes. The diversity of glutathione S-transferases produced by Anopheles mosquitoes is increased by the splicing of different 5' ends of genes, with a single 3' end, within one class of this enzyme family. The trans-acting regulatory factors responsible for the up-regulation of both the monooxygenase and glutathione S-transferases still need to be identified, but the recent development of molecular tools for positional cloning in Anopheles gambiae now makes this possible.  (+info)

Mayaro virus disease: an emerging mosquito-borne zoonosis in tropical South America. (2/1529)

This report describes the clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological findings on 27 cases of Mayaro virus (MV) disease, an emerging mosquito-borne viral illness that is endemic in rural areas of tropical South America. MV disease is a nonfatal, dengue-like illness characterized by fever, chills, headache, eye pain, generalized myalgia, arthralgia, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash of 3-5 days' duration. Severe joint pain is a prominent feature of this illness; the arthralgia sometimes persists for months and can be quite incapacitating. Cases of two visitors from the United States, who developed MV disease during visits to eastern Peru, are reported. MV disease and dengue are difficult to differentiate clinically.  (+info)

Geographic distribution and evolution of Sindbis virus in Australia. (3/1529)

The molecular epidemiology and evolution of Sindbis (SIN) virus in Australia was examined. Several SIN virus strains isolated from other countries were also included in the analysis. Two regions of the virus genome were sequenced including a 418 bp region of the E2 gene and a 484 bp region containing part of the junction region and the 5' end of the C gene. Analysis of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence data from 40 SIN virus isolates clearly separated the Paleoarctic/Ethiopian and Oriental/Australian genetic types of SIN virus. Examination of the Australian strains showed a temporal rather than geographic relationship. This is consistent with the virus having migratory birds as the major vertebrate host, as it allows for movement of virus over vast areas of the continent over a relatively short period of time. The results suggest that the virus is being periodically redistributed over the continent from an enzootic focus of evolving SIN virus. However, SIN virus strains isolated from mosquitoes collected in the south-west of Australia appear to represent a new SIN virus lineage, which is distinct from the Paleoarctic/Ethiopian and Oriental/Australian lineages. Given the widespread geographic dispersal of the Paleoarctic/Ethiopian and Oriental/Australian lineages, it is surprising that the South-west genetic type is so restricted in its area of circulation. Nucleotide sequence data from the C gene of the prototype strain of the alphavirus Whataroa were also determined. This virus was found to be genetically distinct from the SIN virus isolates included in the present study; however, it is clearly SIN-like and appears to have evolved from a SIN-like ancestral virus.  (+info)

Evaluating the community education programme of an insecticide-treated bed net trial on the Kenyan coast. (4/1529)

Increased interest in the potential contribution of insecticide-impregnated bed nets (ITBN) to malaria control has led to research efforts to determine the impact and sustainability of ITBN programmes in differing environments. There is a need to develop effective, feasible educational strategies that will both inform and motivate community members, and thus maximize the correct usage of ITBN. This is especially true in communities where indigenous usage of bed nets is low. This paper describes the educational component of a randomized controlled community intervention trial of ITBN, with childhood malaria morbidity as an outcome. The educational approach and messages for the ITBN trial were developed from anthropological survey data collected 4 years before the trial, and from community surveys conducted by project researchers. Low levels of understanding amongst mothers of the aetiological link between mosquitos and malaria led to the exclusion of the term 'malaria' from the initial educational messages promoting the use of ITBN. Appropriate individuals within the existing district health care structure were trained as community educators in the project. These educators conducted intensive teaching in the community through public meetings and group teaching in the first 6 months of the trial. The impact of these initial activities was assessed through interviews with a random sample of 100 mothers and 50 household heads. This allowed the identification of messages which had not been well understood and further educational methods were chosen to address the areas pinpointed. The community assessment also demonstrated that, in 1994, over 90% of mothers understood a protective role for bed nets against malaria and the ITBN education messages were changed to take account of this. The school programme was evaluated through determining outreach (the number of households accessed), changes in participant children's knowledge, post-teaching assessment of mothers' knowledge and discussions with parent-teacher associations. It was shown that 40% of intervention homes with children in the target group were accessed, participant children learned the educational messages well (scores increased from a pre-teaching mean of 59% to a post-teaching mean of 92%) and a high level of awareness of the ITBN trial was achieved in these homes (75%). However, specific messages of the education programmed were not well transferred to the home (30%). The discussion emphasises the need for allocation of adequate resources for education in programmes dependent on achieving a change in community practices. We also describe the value of ongoing communication between programme planners and a target population in maximizing the effectiveness of messages and methods used.  (+info)

Implementing a nationwide insecticide-impregnated bednet programme in The Gambia. (5/1529)

Earlier studies in The Gambia suggested that the use of impregnated bednets might prove to be a useful malaria control strategy. Based on the results of these studies, in 1992 the Government of The Gambia was encouraged to initiate a National Impregnated Bednet Programme (NIBP) as part of the National Malaria Control Programme Strategy. This paper describes the implementation process/procedure of the NIBP. Evaluation results showed that, overall, 83% of the bednets surveyed has been impregnated, and 77% of children under the age of five years and 78% of women of childbearing age were reported to be sleeping under impregnated bednets.  (+info)

Characterization of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-infected natural killer (NK) cell proliferation in patients with severe mosquito allergy; establishment of an IL-2-dependent NK-like cell line. (6/1529)

The clinical evidence of a relationship between severe hypersensitivity to mosquito bite (HMB) and clonal expansion of EBV-infected NK cells has been accumulated. In order to clarify the mechanism of EBV-induced NK cell proliferation and its relationship with high incidence of leukaemias or lymphomas in HMB patients, we studied clonally expanded NK cells from three HMB patients and succeeded in establishing an EBV-infected NK-like cell line designated KAI3. Immunoblotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses revealed that KAI3 cells as well as infected NK cells exhibited an EBV latent infection type II, where EBV gene expression was limited to EBNA 1 and LMP1. As KAI3 was established by culture with IL-2, IL-2 responsiveness of peripheral blood NK cells from patients was examined. The results represented markedly augmented IL-2-induced IL-2R alpha expression in NK cells. This characteristic property may contribute to the persistent expansion of infected NK cells. However, KAI3 cells as well as the NK cells from patients were not protected from apoptosis induced by either an anti-Fas antibody or NK-sensitive K562 cells. Preserved sensitivity to apoptosis might explain the relatively regulated NK cell numbers in the peripheral blood of the patients. To our knowledge, KAI3 is the first reported NK-like cell line established from patients of severe chronic active EBV infection (SCAEBV) before the onset of leukaemias or lymphomas. KAI3 cells will contribute to the study of EBV persistency in the NK cell environment and its relationship with high incidence of leukaemias or lymphomas in HMB patients.  (+info)

Mosquito cathepsin B-like protease involved in embryonic degradation of vitellin is produced as a latent extraovarian precursor. (7/1529)

Here we report identification of a novel member of the thiol protease superfamily in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. It is synthesized and secreted as a latent proenzyme in a sex-, stage-, and tissue-specific manner by the fat body, an insect metabolic tissue, of female mosquitoes during vitellogenesis in response to blood feeding. The secreted, hemolymph form of the enzyme is a large molecule, likely a hexamer, consisting of 44-kDa subunits. The deduced amino acid sequence of this 44-kDa precursor shares high similarity with cathepsin B but not with other mammalian cathepsins. We have named this mosquito enzyme vitellogenic cathepsin B (VCB). VCB decreases to 42 kDa after internalization by oocytes. In mature yolk bodies, VCB is located in the matrix surrounding the crystalline yolk protein, vitellin. At the onset of embryogenesis, VCB is further processed to 33 kDa. The embryo extract containing the 33-kDa VCB is active toward benzoyloxycarbonyl-Arg-Arg-para-nitroanilide, a cathepsin B-specific substrate, and degrades vitellogenin, the vitellin precursor. Both of these enzymatic activities are prevented by trans-epoxysuccinyl-L-leucylamido-(4-guanidino)butane (E-64), a thiol protease inhibitor. Furthermore, addition of the anti-VCB antibody to the embryonic extract prevented cleavage of vitellogenin, strongly indicating that the activated VCB is involved in embryonic degradation of vitellin.  (+info)

Phagocytosis does not play a major role in naturally acquired transmission-blocking immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. (8/1529)

Phagocytosis of Plasmodium falciparum sexual stages in vitro and within the mosquito midgut was assayed in order to assess its role in transmission-blocking immunity to malaria. Both monocytes/macrophages (MM) and polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) phagocytosed malarial gametes in vitro, but levels of phagocytosis were low. Intraerythrocytic gametocytes were not susceptible to phagocytosis. In vitro phagocytosis was positively correlated with levels of antibodies against the gamete surface proteins Pfs230 and Pfs48/45. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass analysis revealed that phagocytosis was correlated with levels of antigamete IgG1. In vivo membrane-feeding experiments were performed in the presence of both pooled and individual malaria immune sera. The phagocytic process proceeded less efficiently in vivo than in vitro, which may be related to the lower ambient temperature (26 degrees C, compared with 37 degrees C). Finally, although we found a correlation between the ability of a serum to promote phagocytosis in vitro and the presence of antibodies against transmission-blocking target antigens, we were unable to demonstrate a role for MM- or PMN-mediated phagocytosis in reduction of infectivity of the malarial parasite to mosquitoes.  (+info)

Coquillettidia is a mosquito genus erected by entomologist Harrison Gray Dyar, Jr. in 1904 based primarily on unique features of its peculiar male genitalia. The specific epithet honors Dyars colleague Daniel William Coquillett. The genus comprises three subgenera, Austromansonia, Coquillettidia, and Rhynochotaenia, and 57 species, of which Coquillettidia perturbans is perhaps the best known. Not all species have been well documented, but females of some are known to feed primarily on birds but will also bite cattle. The females bite primarily at night, and are most active during the early part of the night. They occasionally attack humans during daylight hours in shady places when their habitat is entered. Adult females lay their eggs on the surface of water in areas of emergent vegetation to which hatchling larvae attach themselves with a modified siphon, on the roots or submerged stems, and where they remain throughout development; pupae also attach themselves the plants by means of a ...
The study is the first to document the rise of mutations that make mosquitoes resistant to a gene drive, due to natural selection. These findings will allow researchers to make better predictions of how a gene drive will proceed and to improve the design of future gene drives to decrease the likelihood of resistance.. Tony Nolan adds: Reducing the numbers of mosquito vectors has been the most effective tool to date for the control of malaria, so self-sustaining gene drives designed with this purpose have great potential. However gene drives are not a silver bullet and just like antibiotics can select for resistance in bacteria, gene drives can be susceptible to resistance at their target site. The novelty of this study is not that resistance emerges - we have been planning strategies to deal with this from the start - but that it documents the way it emerges and the way it is selected over generations. This work will help a lot in planning for and managing the emergence of ...
Friday June 29, 2012 BOSTON -- State health officials say West Nile virus has been detected in a mosquito sample in Pittsfield. The Department of Public Health said on Friday that the sample was …
One of the main concerns over gene drive is its potential long‐term effects. The designated effects on the targeted populations will be fast-within a few years-while long‐term effects on ecosystems may take decades to appear and are extremely unpredictable. The time frame of gene drive perfectly fits the economic development strategies dominant today in agribusiness, with a focus on short‐term return on investments and disdain for long‐term issues. The current economical system based on productivity, yields, monoculture, and extractivism [7] is a perfect match for the operating mode of gene drive. In addition, agri‐food industry decision centers are rarely located near the production sites. They will be inclined to disregard the ecological long‐term risks as they only concern local human populations in their exploited lands. Gene drive then becomes an issue of environmental justice.. The scarce use of gene drive, if concerted, cautious and controlled, may not cause any ecological ...
One of the main concerns over gene drive is its potential long‐term effects. The designated effects on the targeted populations will be fast-within a few years-while long‐term effects on ecosystems may take decades to appear and are extremely unpredictable. The time frame of gene drive perfectly fits the economic development strategies dominant today in agribusiness, with a focus on short‐term return on investments and disdain for long‐term issues. The current economical system based on productivity, yields, monoculture, and extractivism [7] is a perfect match for the operating mode of gene drive. In addition, agri‐food industry decision centers are rarely located near the production sites. They will be inclined to disregard the ecological long‐term risks as they only concern local human populations in their exploited lands. Gene drive then becomes an issue of environmental justice.. The scarce use of gene drive, if concerted, cautious and controlled, may not cause any ecological ...
In the past decade, researchers have engineered an array of new tools that control the balance of genetic inheritance. Based on CRISPR technology, such gene drives are poised to move from the laboratory into the wild where they are being engineered to suppress devastating diseases such as mosquito-borne malaria, dengue, Zika, chikungunya, yellow fever and West Nile. Gene drives carry the power to immunize mosquitoes against malarial parasites, or act as genetic insecticides that reduce mosquito populations.. Although the newest gene drives have been proven to spread efficiently as designed in laboratory settings, concerns have been raised regarding the safety of releasing such systems into wild populations. Questions have emerged about the predictability and controllability of gene drives and whether, once let loose, they can be recalled in the field if they spread beyond their intended application region.. Now, scientists at the University of California San Diego and their colleagues have ...
This Can you utilize Biology Workbench and GenBank DNA sequences to identify an unknown mosquitos genus and species? Lesson Plan is suitable for 9th - Higher Ed. Student discuss the applications of Bioinformatics tools to their choices of a real life problem solving scenario. They draw conclusions about the methods and tools that a professional would utilize to solve the problem they have identified.
Scientists are close to figuring out how a tiny, pesky mosquito can survive a virus that kills humans millions of times its size. The blood-sucking insect creates an immediate and potent immunity not strong enough to kill the virus but strong enough to save the mosquitos life, according to new research from Colorado State University. The finding could bring scientists closer to eradicating mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever, West Nile, yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis. Years from now, scientists might genetically modify mosquitoes that are fully immune to viruses, CSU researchers said. They would release these stronger, more robust mosquitoes into the wild to win the battle of natural selection - the fittest mosquitoes eventually would replace the ones run down by carrying viruses in their bodies. You cant fight evolution, said Dr. Carol Blair, professor of microbiology, immunology and pathology, and a study author. Youve got to figure out how to manipulate it. Genetically ...
I bet you would be surprised to learn that since we began to collect Mosquito Habitat Mapper data (5/29/2017), we have had over 20,915 observations submitted! Think about how significant that number is for a tool that has only been available for less than three years! As many of us who live in the northern hemisphere begin to see signs of spring arriving- robins, crocuses, leaf buds on the trees, and warmer weather- we know that we will also see adult mosquitoes before too long. While there are over 3,500 species of mosquitoes, only about 100 of those species are actually dangerous to humans. When we are bit by a mosquito, it is the adult female with eggs who bites us. Both male and female mosquitoes get their food from pollen, but the female needs a blood meal to supply her eggs with protein so they will be viable.. When we get bit by mosquitoes, that is when we can contract a disease. With the Mosquito Habitat Mapper, you are helping to reduce the threat of mosquito-transmitted disease ...
I bet you would be surprised to learn that since we began to collect Mosquito Habitat Mapper data (5/29/2017), we have had over 20,915 observations submitted! Think about how significant that number is for a tool that has only been available for less than three years! As many of us who live in the northern hemisphere begin to see signs of spring arriving- robins, crocuses, leaf buds on the trees, and warmer weather- we know that we will also see adult mosquitoes before too long. While there are over 3,500 species of mosquitoes, only about 100 of those species are actually dangerous to humans. When we are bit by a mosquito, it is the adult female with eggs who bites us. Both male and female mosquitoes get their food from pollen, but the female needs a blood meal to supply her eggs with protein so they will be viable.. When we get bit by mosquitoes, that is when we can contract a disease. With the Mosquito Habitat Mapper, you are helping to reduce the threat of mosquito-transmitted disease ...
If mosquito bites seem to be associated with more-serious warning signs - such as fever, headache, body aches and signs of infection - contact your doctor.. Mosquito bites are caused by female mosquitoes feeding on your blood. Female mosquitoes have a mouthpart made to pierce skin and siphon off blood. Males lack this blood-sucking ability because they dont produce eggs and so have no need for protein in blood.. As a biting mosquito fills itself with blood, it injects saliva into your skin. Proteins in the saliva trigger a mild immune system reaction that results in the characteristic itching and bump.. Mosquitoes select their victims by evaluating scent, exhaled carbon dioxide and the chemicals in a persons sweat.. Scratching bites can lead to infection.. Mosquitoes can carry certain diseases, such as West Nile virus, malaria, yellow fever and dengue fever. The mosquito obtains a virus or parasite by biting an infected person or animal. Then, when biting you, the mosquito can transfer that ...
Issue 1. Winged victory? Christine Dahl. pp. 1-2.. CABIKEY Mosquito Genera of The World. Ralph Harbach & Graham Sandlant. pp. 3-5.. MOS-KEY-TOS©: an interactive key for the identification of the immature stages of Italian mosquitoes.Guido Sabatinelli & Roberto Romi. pp. 6-8.. Aedes cretinus: Is it a threat to the Mediterranean countries? Anna Samanidou. pp. 8. Distribution of Anopheles mosquitoes in the British Isles. Keith Snow. pp. 9-13.. Culex (Barraudius) pusillus, a new occurrence record outside the Palaearctic Region. Ralph Harbach. pp. 14.. Issue 2. A revised checklist of the French Culicidae. Francis Schaffner. pp. 1-9.. The water mite Thyas barbigera Viets (Hydrachnellae: Thyasidae) parasitizing mosquitoes. Boy Overgaard Nielson. pp. 10-12.. A general characterisation of the mosquito fauna (Diptera: Culicidae) in the epidemic area for West Nile virus in the south of Romania. Gabriela Nicolescu. pp. 13-18.. Anopheles cinereus Theobald 1901 and its synonym hispaniola Theobald 1903. ...
Scientists have issued a call to ensure that the use of gene drives in conservation will only affect local populations. Gene drives promote the inheritance of a particular genetic variant to increase its frequency in a population. In conservation, a gene drive could spread infertility and ultimately eliminate a pest population.
The only connection the article offers to global warming is the assertion that the tiger mosquitos habitat has expanded steadily northward as temperatures have risen, as though there had been some significant rise in temperatures over the last ten years and that this rise was a prerequisite to the enlargement of the mosquitos habitat, at least in a northerly direction. Yet the facts are that global mean temperature has risen a scant .7◦C (1.26◦F) over the entire period since 1900 and, according to data supplied by The University of East Anglia and The Hadley Centre, global mean temperatures have actually been modestly declining since 1998! (For verification of this last point, see the website http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-12/uoea-awy121207.php). Moreover, since temperature lows in the region of Italy where the outbreak occurred are lower than those in most of France and England by 1 or 2 degrees Celsius, temperature conditions in those areas, which are considerably further ...
Despite centuries of control efforts, mosquito-borne diseases are flourishing worldwide. With a disproportionate effect on children and adolescents, these conditions are responsible for substantial global morbidity and mortality. Malaria kills more than 1 million children annually, chiefly in sub-Sa …
A number of other respondents have brought up developments in gene drives (e.g. development of mammalian gene drive systems). In 2018 ETC Group released an overview report on the application of gene drive systems to agriculture (See Forcing the Farm: http://www.etcgroup.org/content/forcing-farm) which we hereby submit for consideration of new developments in the field. Our research show that there is increasing work on application of gene drive systems to agricultural pests (Especially insects and aphids) as well as to applying gene drive as a breeding tool for livestock. To date we cannot identify successful use of CRISPR gene drive systems in plants (although perhaps others on this forum can correct that) or any working examples of so called local or controllable gene drive systems beyond theoretical models. Given that some of these theoretical ideas are advanced in policy fora as if they exist I think it may be important for the moderators in their summary of this forum to also point to and ...
The importance of working together to prevent mosquito-borne diseases will be highlighted during an upcoming University of Otago-organised event.
The sample that tested positive was collected Aug. 16, the health department said. It was the first positive sample in Suffolk County since 2008.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association publishes works containing research in the areas of mosquito and vector biology, systematics, and control.
A mosquito sample collected three decades ago in Israels Negev Desert has yielded an unexpected discovery: a previously unknown virus thats closely related to some of the worlds most dangerous mosquito-borne pathogens ...
Strategies of reversing, preventing, and controlling the unfold and results of gene drives. Snapchat and even Facebooks own Instagram are getting more clicks from the kids lately than the getting old social network. Gone are the days when folks melted for concern of the place to get data or data for their utilization.. For many, Fb has turn out to be an integral part of day-to-day life. Thanks for sending your work entitled Regarding RNA-Guided Gene Drives for the Engineering of Wild Populations†for consideration at eLife. • Energy-down for one time frame every day ...
Avian testing is done to detect the transmission of the virus in bird populations. Four chicken coops are dispersed throughout the city, and the chickens are bled every two weeks. (See photo of chicken coop above) These blood samples are sent to the State for WNV testing. Dead birds and squirrels are also collected and submitted to the State for WNV testing. Avian testing is a valuable tool for predicting and tracking WNV ...
Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesnt cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. ...
Day-to-day changes in adult mosquito populations are difficult to measure due to the interactions between specific mosquito behavior, environmental influences upon behavior, and the mode of operation ...
She says most of them are aedes sollicitans, a name that doesnt roll off the tongue, but seems to have teeth.. These mosquitoes will fly during the day, they fly really far, Clark said. Theyre strong flyers. They can travel up to 25 miles with the wind, so theyre going to get you anywhere.. Sollicitans, she said have prospered close to the ocean especially since Sunday. Its because the noreaster that hit the First Coast two weekends ago gave mosquitoes a leg up all while leaving spray-and-fog technicians to catch up.. The tides were really high. There were some areas that we really werent able to, to treat, and once they came off, this is what happened.. Clark said salt marshes are perfect for these mosquitoes to breed because the marshes offer relatively still water, plenty of shelter, and lack of predation from fish. Like the psorophora species that hatched post-Irma, they dont carry disease, but their bite is more painful than most.. They are really aggressive and they are a big ...
There are more than 170 known mosquito species in the United States. While most mosquito bites cause nothing more than minor discomfort, mosquitoes can be carriers of dangerous and even deadly diseases. For more information, contact Goshen Health at (574) 364-1000.
FAAH gene variant rs324420 (Genes may contribute to making some nations happier than others) And so forth. Fixing pain-sensitivity, depression-resistance, and default hedonic tone via gene drives will prevent immense suffering throughout the living world. The Cambrian Explosion was an explosion in suffering too; and only now are intelligent moral agents in a position to bring it under control.. Naturally, pitfalls lie ahead. Neither action nor inaction are ethically risk-free. A prudent if informal rule of thumb for policy-makers might be that anything that conceivably can go wrong with germline interventions will go wrong - and more besides. Mankinds dark historical track-record suggests that gene drives are more likely to be used for genetic terrorism, ethnic bioweapons and entomological warfare than harnessed to promote the welfare of other sentient beings. Ideally, artificial gene drives will be used to end the scourge of mosquito-borne diseases. Insect-borne pathogens sicken and kill ...
You might not be able to pronounce the name of the latest rampant mosquito-borne viral infection, but youd probably never forget chikungunya if you caught it.
Not everyone is convinced that this optimistic view is warranted. Its a false security, said Ethan Bier, a geneticist at the University of California, San Diego. He said that while such a strategy is important to study, he worries that researchers will be fooled into thinking that forms of resistance offer more of a buffer and safety net than they do.. And while mathematical models are helpful, researchers stress that models cant replace actual experimentation. Ecological systems are just too complicated. We have no experience engineering systems that are going to evolve outside of our control. We have never done that before, Esvelt said. So thats why a lot of these modeling studies are important-they can give us a handle on what might happen. But Im also hesitant to rely on modeling and trying to predict in advance when systems are so complicated.. Messer hopes to put his theoretical work into a real-world setting, at least in the lab. He is currently directing a gene drive ...
He has led the movement to shine the spotlight, says Marc Lipsitch, an epidemiologist at Harvard University involved in biosafety issues. Its not that common to be at the beginning of your career and already be thinking of the moral, ethical, and policy implications.. A gene drive is a genetic addition made to a mosquito or other organism that is able to spread through a population of animals in the wild and potentially act as a doomsday gadget, driving it out of existence. The technology presents challenges not only because it could extinguish a species but because by its very nature it can spread widely, including as the result of a lab accident.. This is the perfect example of a technology that needs to be community-guided from the beginning, says Esvelt. Its meaningless to talk about engaging the public in science if science is still going to develop the product and then say, What do you think?. Esvelt says hes started a new project, called Responsive Science, along with MIT ...
Gene drive systems distort the rule that there is a 50:50 chance of a gene copy being passed on. This promotes the inheritance of a particular copy of a gene from the parent to offspring. When coupled to a genetic trait that affects an individuals survival or ability to reproduce, it becomes a powerful tool that can be used for population control or even local elimination.
Read chapter 3 Case Studies to Examine Questions About Gene-Drive Modified Organisms: Research on gene drive systems is rapidly advancing. Many proposed a...
In lab populations of genetically engineered mosquitoes, mutations arose that blocked the gene drive’s spread and restored female fertility.
Most people think summer is the only time to be concerned about mosquitoes. However, in the mid-Atlantic, once temperatures stay consistently warm, mosquitoes start to emerge. We cant pinpoint the exact start of mosquito season, but it is safe to say its right around the corner. Mosquitoes that hibernated need consistent warm temperatures to become active, while mosquitoes that spent the winter as eggs need rainfall in order to hatch. That makes the month of April a perfect time for their emergence. Peak season doesnt occur until July and August, but now is the time to get your yard ready and be aware of how you can prevent mosquitoes from laying eggs in your yard.. Mosquitoes can be an annoyance around your yard. Their bites, while undetected as they occur, leave you with itchy red bumps that can irritate and take days to go away. Why is this? Female mosquitoes are the ones responsible for the bite. Although technically not a real bite, since they dont have teeth and use their long ...
This is a huge public health emergency and horrible on many levels, says Uriel Kitron, chair of Emorys Department of Environmental Sciences and an expert in vector-borne diseases, which are transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks or other organisms. The microcephaly cases are a personal tragedy for the families whose babies are affected. They will need much care and support, some of them for decades. The costs to the public health system will be enormous, and Brazil was already experiencing an economic crisis ...
An eletrophoretic analysis of three species of the subgenus Dendromyia (Wyeomyia luteoventralis, Wy. ypsipola and Wy. testei) and three species belonging to different groups in the genus Wyeomyia (Wy. negrensis, Wy. mystes and Wy.confusa) was performed. Eight enzyme loci were analyzed. High values of genetic identity were detected among the species of the subgenus Dendromyia: Wy. luteoventralis, Wy. ypsipola and Wy. testei (mean value 0.63). On the other hand low values of genetic identity were observed among Wy. negrensis, Wy. mystes and Wy. confusa (mean value 0.23), suggesting that they belong, at least, to distinct subgenera within the Genus Wyeomyia. The UPGMA phenogram revealed the grouping of the Dendromyia species, while the others clustered at lower identity levels ...
In a new study, published June 5, 2020, in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, scientists at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) shows that antibodies aga
The song also gives a shout out to pregnant ladies to protect themselves. Although Jamaica has so far confirmed only one case of the Zika virus, the government is telling women to delay getting pregnant for the next six to 12 months because of a possible link between Zika infection in pregnant women and microcephaly. ...
Seen from a helicopter zipping along at 500 feet, the water-filled foundations of unfinished homes stuck out like red flags as potential mosquito breeding grounds.So did a dozen murky green or brown
The East Side and Turlock Mosquito Abatement Districts (MADs) have received confirmation that a mosquito sample from Stanislaus County has tested positive for St. Louis ... ...
by Roger Mason. People have been asking me about hepatitis-C because two per cent of the American population is infected with it. This is in ADDITION to all the other types of hepatitis.. Even worse, four per cent- one in twenty five- people in the world have hepatitis-C. Thats right, we have about 250 million people in the world with hepatitis-C, plus all the other six types we know about so far.. There is four times as much hepatitis-C as AIDS, yet AIDS gets all the press, all the attention and most all the research money due to political influence. We cannot even define what a virus is much less treat a virus. Thats right, we have almost no anti-viral drugs and were in the Dark Ages regarding knowledge and treatment of viruses of any type. It was only identified in 1989 and blood transfusions were the main cause as no one could test for the virus.. We just dont know the actual statistics in most countries, but we can estimate the minimum infection rate. It is estimated that ten per cent ...
Most popular mosquitoes (family culicidae). View videos and photos of 50 of the most popular mosquitoes (family culicidae) in nature. Learn more about their biology, threats and conservation.
The Food and Environmental Hygiene Department has urged people to stay alert to the risk of mosquito-transmitted diseases and maintain proper anti-mosquito measures
Gene drive is a mechanism that can promote the preferential inheritance of a beneficial genetic trait, thereby increasing its prevalence in a population. A variety of gene drive mechanisms occur in nature that can cause specific genetic elements to spread throughout populations in varying degrees. Researchers have long sought to harness these naturally occurring gene drive mechanisms to prevent the transmission of mosquito or other insect-borne diseases that pose some of societys most intractable public health problems.. ...
Causative Agent. Virus Infects Humans, Birds, Mosquitoes, Horses and Other Mammals. Transmission. Birds are the reservoir host Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds Mosquitoes can then transmit the virus to humans and other animals when they bite. Slideshow 6610122 by...
The New York State Department of Health informed Suffolk County health officials that two additional mosquito sample have tested positive for Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus, also referred to as EEE. The mosquito samples, of Culiseta melanura species, were collected in the Manorville area on October 1, 2019. No new mosquito samples have tested positive for West Nile virus. To date this season, Suffolk County has reported 77 mosquito samples that have tested...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mathematical assessment of the role of temperature and rainfall on mosquito population dynamics. AU - Abdelrazec, Ahmed. AU - Gumel, Abba. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017/5/1. Y1 - 2017/5/1. N2 - A new stage-structured model for the population dynamics of the mosquito (a major vector for numerous vector-borne diseases), which takes the form of a deterministic system of non-autonomous nonlinear differential equations, is designed and used to study the effect of variability in temperature and rainfall on mosquito abundance in a community. Two functional forms of eggs oviposition rate, namely the Verhulst-Pearl logistic and Maynard-Smith-Slatkin functions, are used. Rigorous analysis of the autonomous version of the model shows that, for any of the oviposition functions considered, the trivial equilibrium of the model is locally- and globally-asymptotically stable if a ...
Five New Mosquito Samples Test Positive for West Nile Virus Residents and visitors advised to take precautions Suffolk County Health Commissioner Dr. Gregson Pigott announced today that 4 additional mosquito samples, all Culex pipiens-restuans, have tested positive for West Nile virus. The samples were collected on July 28, from Brentwood (1), Bay Shore (1), Northport (1) and Greenlawn(1), and from Bay Shore (1) one Culex salinarius sample. To date this season, Suffolk...
Update: Investigation of Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax and Interim Guidelines for Exposure Management and Antimicrobial Therapy, October 2001 -- Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin or Soft Tissue Infections in a State Prison--Mississippi, 2000 -- Shigella sonnei Outbreak Among Men Who Have Sex with Men--San Francisco, California, 2000-2001 -- Weekly Update: West Nile Virus Activity--United States, October 17-23, 2001 -- Notice to Readers: National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week--October 21-27, 2001 -- Notice to Readers: Availability of Final Recommendations on Reducing the Risk for Transmission of Enteric Pathogens at Petting Zoos, Open Farms, Animal Exhibits, and Other Venues -- Notifiable Diseases/Deaths in Selected Cities Weekly Information ...
Relative humidity drops to levels that are uncomfortable for mosquitoes at the end of the rainy season. In one village, Banizoumbou, water pools dried up and interrupted mosquito breeding shortly after the end of the rainy season. In this case, relative humidity had little effect on the mosquito population. However, in the other village, Zindarou, the relatively shallow water table led to water pools that persisted several months beyond the end of the rainy season. In this case, the decrease in mosquito survival due to relative humidity improved the models ability to reproduce the seasonal pattern of observed mosquito abundance ...
The mosquito sample was collected on July 19 in Bridgewater. There have been no human cases of reported West Nile virus infection or EEE so far this year in Massachusetts. Both diseases are carried by infected mosquitoes.
Suffolk County, NY - September 2, 2016 - Suffolk County Health Commissioner Dr. James L. Tomarken announced today that 15 mosquito samples (all Culex pipiens-restuans) collected between August 22 and August 28, 2016, have tested positive for West Nile virus. The samples were collected from Islip (1), Smithtown (1), Rocky Point (1) Huntington Station (1), South Huntington (1), Huntington (1), Holtsville (3), North Patchogue (1), Farmingville (1), Setauket (2), Copiague (1), and West Babylon (1).. ...
Using murine peritoneal macrophages and lymphocytes, and human peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMCs), this study shows that saliva of the female Ar. subalbatus induces apoptosis via interaction with the Fas receptor within a few hours but without activating caspase-8. The process further activates downstream p38 MAPK signaling, a cascade that leads to the induction of apoptosis in capase-3 dependent manner. We further illustrate that Ar. subalbatus saliva suppresses proinflammatory cytokines without changing IL-10 levels, which might happen as a result of apoptosis ...
Suffolk County Health Services (SCDHS) Commissioner James L. Tomarken announced today that nineteen mosquito samples have tested positive for West Nile virus.
Early in Jacksonvilles history, mosquito-borne diseases were problematic. In the late 1800s, there were several outbreaks of the mosquito-borne disease yellow fever in the Jacksonville area. However, control efforts have helped to decrease this problem. Mosquito Control works with the Duval County Health Department to reduce the instances of mosquito-borne diseases on a regular basis.. For more information on disease transmission from mosquitoes and symptoms, please refer to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). The CDC also has a great search tool designed to help travelers learn what precautions are necessary for countries they may be visiting. Also check out the State of Florida Department of Health for information specific to Florida.. Mosquito Borne Encephalitis: Includes information on West Nile virus and Zika virus. ...
Specific gene candidates for shifts in insect seasonal timing have been difficult to accumulate via QTL mapping because of complex genetic bases or genomic architectures between populations (Tauber et al., 1977; Feder et al., 2002; Bradshaw et al., 2005; Mathias et al., 2007; Wadsworth et al., 2015). In such systems, transcriptome profiling can be a useful alternative to QTL mapping to nominate candidate genes. For example, in the pitcher-plant mosquito (Wyeomyia smithii), northern and southern populations differ in the critical day length required for diapause termination, but the genetic basis is complex, involving many loci and epistasis (Bradshaw et al., 2005; Mathias et al., 2007). Using microarrays, a total of 29 genes were nominated as candidates with one, a cuticular protein with cornea-specific expression, falling within a previously defined QTL for altered termination response (Emerson et al., 2010).. In European corn borers, early results implicated a major mendelian factor underlying ...
GLOBE Mosquito Larvae Protocol is a project for students, that may expand to adults and other volunteers, to learn how to identify mosquito larvae in their community or at a study site. Students will collect, sort, identify, and count the number of mosquito larvae they find in a sample of water. They can learn how to use a variety of sampling strategies depending on the types of mosquito larval habitats found in their particular study area. Through sampling, student volunteers can learn to identify mosquito larvae to either the genus or species level. By performing this kind of citizen science, young people can begin to understand the importance of representative sampling in scientific procedures, along with the relationship between species, climate, and mosquito-borne diseases. By collaborating with GLOBE through school, students can report their data online and share their observations and findings with real scientists ...
CRISPR gene drive has recently been proposed as a promising technology for population management, including in conservation genetics. The technique would consist in releasing genetically engineered individuals that are designed to rapidly propagate a desired mutation or transgene into wild populations. Potential applications in conservation biology include the control of invasive pest populations that threaten biodiversity (eradication and suppression drives), or the introduction of beneficial mutations in endangered populations (rescue drives). The propagation of a gene drive is affected by different factors that depend on the drive construct (e.g. its fitness effect and timing of expression) or on the target species (e.g. its mating system and population structure). We review potential applications of the different types of gene drives for conservation. We examine the challenges posed by the evolution of resistance to gene drives and review the various molecular and environmental risks associated with
Some diseases are transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. These disease often cycle back and forth from mosquito to human and back so that if an uninfected mosquito bites a human who is infected with one of these particular diseases, the mosquito can become infected themselves. After a certain period of time (e.g., a week), these […]
MOSQUITO CONTROL INFORMATION & FAQ What conditions warrant mosquito spraying and what conditions do not? The following conditions warrant mosquito spraying: Ambient temperature is at or above 50 degrees F. Wind speed is below 10 miles per hour. It is not raining. If any of these conditions are not met, spraying will not be done on that particular evening. Spraying will be done again on the next scheduled day. Where do you spray for mosquitoes? Our Mosquito Control Program manages areas within the Park County Mosquito District. Please reference the District Map in the left toolbar of this page for more information. What are you spraying? Our current program is primarily focused around Adulticide. Adulticide is insecticide that is specific to killing adult mosquitoes. SDS Sheet What is mosquito habitat? In general, ideal mosquito habitat is any location and/or artificial container that collects and holds shallow, standing water, typically for more than several days. This
Support your local community mosquito control programs. Mosquito control activities are most often handled at the local level, such as through county or city government. The type of mosquito control methods used by a program depends on the time of year, the type of mosquitoes to be controlled and the habitat structure. Methods can include elimination of mosquito larval habitats, application of insecticides to kill mosquito larvae or spraying insecticides from trucks or aircraft to kill adult mosquitoes. Your local mosquito control program can provide information about the type of products being used in your area. Check with your local health department for more information ...
Replying to the interaction, one social media user joked: Im sorry you found evidence of our negligence. However, the airline says the image was misleading as the seats were out of order and nobody used them. Wear insect repellent, long sleeves and trousers and avoid outdoor activity in the early morning and evening when mosquito activity is highest, Assistant Director Randy Vaeth said.. Around California, 43 birds and 1,371 mosquito samples have tested positive for the virus.. Drain Standing Water - Many mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water. However, subsequent laboratory tests on mosquito samples showed increased ground spraying throughout the city was successful and eliminated the need.. Avoid Mosquito Bites · Be Aware of Peak Mosquito Hours - The hours from dusk to dawn are peak biting times for many mosquitoes.. Persons over age 50 and those with compromised immune systems are at higher risk of developing severe illness if infected with West Nile Virus, Health Department ...
Missouri health officials have reported the states first case of a mosquito-borne virus that has been spreading to the U.S. from the Caribbean.
This book discusses in depth the transmission pathways, prevention methods, and the significance for public health of various mosquito-borne diseases. International specialists highlight well-known and neglected pathogens including Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses, filariasis, and malaria
Home » Wyeomyia (Nunezia) paucartamboensis, a new species of Sabethini (Diptera: Culicidae) from the Peruvian Andes with a diagnosis of the subgenus Nunezia ...
JUAREZ-As health officials in Texas work to control West Nile virus, those along the border must keep an eye on another illness spread by mosquitoes-Dengue fever.. Preliminary testing in the border city Juarez indicates the presence of mosquitoes carrying Dengue fever.. The disease prevalent in parts of Mexico with a tropical climate but until now had not been seen this far north.. The mosquitoes caught in traps set out weekly in both El Paso and Juarez help officials identify which breeds of mosquitoes are in the area and if theyre carrying any diseases.. Remember some mosquitoes can travel up to a mile and some mosquitoes can travel up to five miles so theyll be able to cross that border pretty quick, said Danny Soto, code enforcement supervisor with the city of El Paso Environmental Services Department. http://www.khou.com/news/Mosquitoes-carrying-Dengue-Fever-spotted-futher-north-on-the-border-167389585.html. ...
Two general strategies can be considered for introducing transgenic mosquitoes in the field: population replacement or a genetic drive mechanism. Population replacement, or inundatory release, requires a significant reduction of the resident mosquito population (for instance, with insecticides), followed by the release of large numbers of refractory mosquitoes to fill the vacated biological niche. This strategy is promising as a research tool and as a field test to assess the effectiveness of the transgenic mosquito approach for interrupting malaria transmission. However, this strategy cannot be considered for large-scale control purposes, because it is not possible to produce sufficient numbers of mosquitoes to achieve population replacement on a country- or continent-wide level.. An efficient genetic drive mechanism is helpful because a manageable number of genetically modified mosquitoes can replace the wild population, even if the effector gene(s) imposes some fitness cost. A crucial ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Analysis of the expression pattern of Mysidium columbiae wingless provides evidence for conserved mesodermal and retinal patterning processes among insects and crustaceans. AU - Duman-Scheel, Molly. AU - Pirkl, Nicole. AU - Patel, Nipam H.. PY - 2002/12/1. Y1 - 2002/12/1. N2 - The Wnt family includes a number of genes, such as wingless (wg), which encode secreted glycoproteins that function in numerous developmental patterning processes. In order to gain a better understanding of crustacean pattern formation, a wg orthologue was cloned from the malacostracan crustacean Mysidium columbiae (mysid), and the expression pattern of this gene was compared with that of Drosophila wg. Although Drosophila wg is expressed in many developing tissues, such as the ventral neuroectoderm, M. columbiae wg (mcowg) expression is detected within only a subset of these tissues. mcowg is expressed in the dorsal part of each developing segment and within the developing eye, but not within the ventral ...
COLUMBIA, S.C. - In observance of National Mosquito Control Awareness Week, the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control is reminding South Carolinians how to reduce their risk from the serious diseases mosquitoes can carry.. The week of June 24 is an opportunity for us to share valuable information with the public about the significance of mosquitoes in their daily lives and the important service provided by mosquito control workers throughout our state, said Sue Ferguson, an environmental health manager with DHECs Bureau of Environmental Health. Everyone can take part in local mosquito prevention and control efforts by doing some basic cleaning activities around their home.. Removing items from your yard that collect water, cleaning roof gutters and filling in low-lying areas will help prevent mosquitoes from breeding and allow outdoor activities such as gardening, barbecues and outdoor sports to be safer and more enjoyable, she said.. According to Ferguson, mosquito ...
Spring is in full swing and that means the Fort Wayne-Allen County Department of Health has begun its annual mosquito control program. For humans and domestic animals, mosquitos are a nuisance as well as a serious health hazard. Mosquitoes are capable of transmitting various diseases, including We
From start to finish, theres no better pet store experience than when you stop into Bayou Mosquito Control in Rayville.Pick up some of their great feeding supplies, such as bowls and other feeders, to keep your pet well-fed and strong. Looking to give your pet an awesome new toy? Bayou Mosquito Control has you covered with pet apparel and pet toys. If you just added a new addition to your family, you can pick some basic pet supplies such as carriers here. Bayou Mosquito Control has everything you need to give your pet all the comforts and safety of a home. Check out their wide selection of pet apparel and pet toys. Think your pet needs a health check? There are plenty of medical services available, including healthcare.You can find parking easily in the surrounding area. There is truly no better place to bring your pet than Bayou Mosquito Control in Rayville. Stop by today and pick up some basic necessities.
A rare mosquito-borne disease recently put a Hanover resident in the hospital, leading health officials to remind the public that not getting bitten is the best prevention against insect-born viruses.The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human...
101 - 1,000 = High, 1,001 - 10,000 = Very High, ,10,000 = Extreme.. 1/5/2002: Mosquito collections were low. 24/4/2002: Mosquito numbers have stayed up and were high (106), with 73 Aedes notoscriptus. 15/4/2002: Collections were up this week and medium (96) in number, dominated by 73 Aedes notoscriptus. 10/4/2002: Mosquito collections continue to be low. 3/4/2002: Mosquito collections were again low. 27/3/2002: Mosquito collections were low. 19/3/2002: Numbers were medium this week (98), with 74 Aedes notoscriptus. An extra trap set at Umina yielded a low collection. 12/3/2002: Mosquito numbers declined with a medium collection of 58 this week. Aedes notoscriptus (264) dominated the trap. An extra trap set at Umina yielded a low collection. 5/3/2002: Big numbers continue with another high collection of 272 mosquitoes which again is well above average. The collection was dominated by Aedes notoscriptus (191) 26/2/2002: One of the biggest collections ever from Gosford ...
I wanted to let you know that mosquito larva grow in standing water. So, look around your property to see if you have any standing water in a bucket, a puddle, a barrel or on top of a surface that holds water for a long period of time, mosquitoes can grow there.. ...
Efforts underway to destroy potential mosquito breeding sites as the Cook Islands seeks to stay free of diseases such as dengue and zika
The emergence of mosquito-transmitted viruses poses a global threat to human health. Combining mechanistic epidemiological models based on temperature-trait relationships with climatological data is a powerful technique for environmental risk assessment. However, a limitation of this approach is that the local microclimates experienced by mosquitoes can differ substantially from macroclimate measurements, particularly in heterogeneous urban environments. To address this scaling mismatch, we modeled spatial variation in microclimate temperatures and the thermal potential for dengue transmission by Aedes albopictus across an urban-to-rural gradient in Athens-Clarke County GA. Microclimate data were collected across gradients of tree cover and impervious surface cover. We developed statistical models to predict daily minimum and maximum microclimate temperatures using coarse-resolution gridded macroclimate data (4000 m) and high-resolution land cover data (30 m). The resulting high-resolution ...
Mosquitoes can be carriers of pathogens dangerous to humans, pets, and wildlife. It may be against local regulations to cultivate mosquitoes, and please be responsible by draining any collection containers you will not be able to check regularly. To protect yourself against being bitten during collection wear clothing that covers as much bare skin as possible. Also note that mosquito pupae hatch into adult mosquitoes in about 2 days, it is therefore imperative that you make the collection of these a priority. Your fish will happily eat them ...
One of the most pressing policy issues of the modern era is how to improve public health in the worlds poorest regions. Of particular concern are those diseases spread by mosquitos: the World Health Organisation estimates a total of 96 million cases of dengue and, in 2017 alone, 219 million cases of malaria. Policies targeting such vector-borne diseases (VBDs) represent nothing new. However, there seems to be a continuing inability to move the agenda from one of disease reduction to eradication: clearly, current policy initiatives are not proving effective enough. This report aims to tackle this issue by outlining the problems associated with current policies and how they can be addressed through epidemiological innovation, with need to not only improve the efficacy of such policies, but also their cost-effectiveness and sustainability. Two innovative policies will be presented: that of manipulating the urban environment to reduce mosquito habitat and of harnessing predation pressure to better ...
ABSTRACT. Immature stages of Culicidae were collected in artificial containers in three conditions, between November 1997 and November 1998, in the rural area of São José dos Pinhais, Paraná, Brazil. Eight species were identified: Culex (Culex) eduardoi Casal & Garcia, 1968, Culex (Culex) acharistus Root, 1927, Culex (Culex) group coronator, Culex (Lutzia) bigoti Bellardi, 1962, Aedes (Protomacleaya) terrens (Walker, 1856), Limatus durhamii Theobald, 1901, Txorhynchites theobaldi (Dyar & Knab, 1906) and Phoniomyia sp. The Berger & Parker index was obtained for each condition and kind of container. These results were compared with those of Silva & Lozovei (1996) in the urban area of Curitiba. A greater number of species was observed in the rural area, with different dominance under each condition. The introduction of artificial containers can not show the number of Culicidae species that are present in an area, but it can indicate the species that show the greatest adaptability to ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Weather and land cover influences on mosquito populations in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Balmy summer days mean the return of a particularly annoying creature - the mosquito. Veterinarians are urging horse owners to take precautions now to protect their horses from mosquito-borne illnesses.
Because of the occurrence of mosquito-borne diseases and the widespread distribution of mosquitoes as pests to humans, professionals must know how to identify them. With its wealth of information, this book is the only one of its kind available for specialists working on mosquito-borne diseases and in mosquito control units, and for introductory and advanced students who study entomology.. ...
Parents, keep your kids safe from mosquito bites.. Thats always been the message in humid South Florida summers. But with a mosquito species prevalent in South Florida primarily responsible for the spread of the Zika virus, officials are emphasizing protection against insects more than ever.. I think people need to be cautious because mosquitoes can transmit not only Zika but other viruses, said Dr. Lilian Abbo, chief of infection control and antimicrobial stewardship for Jackson Health System. I think people should not be in panic, but in alert.. ...
The increase in molecular tools for the genetic engineering of insect pests and disease vectors, such as Anopheles mosquitoes that transmit malaria, has led to an unprecedented investigation of the genomic landscape of these organisms. The understanding of genome variability in wild mosquito populations is of primary importance for vector control strategies. This is particularly the case for gene drive systems, which look to introduce genetic traits into a population by targeting specific genomic regions. Gene drive targets with functional or structural constraints are highly desirable as they are less likely to tolerate mutations that prevent targeting by the gene drive and consequent failure of the technology.. ...
While historical evidence clearly suggests that vector control can be highly effective against mosquito-borne diseases [30-32], actual implementation of the strategy has not been optimal. Since a few years ago, there have been calls to restore the role of vector control by considering local evidence on disease ecology but also by developing new effective tools [7, 33]; as existing methods may not be adequate to achieve relevant targets [9-11].. It has previously been suggested that synthetic odor cues that attract or repel mosquitoes could form the basis of new technologies for future control of mosquito-borne diseases [10, 34], since these cues mediate important human-vector interactions that are associated with disease transmission [35]. For a long time, no chemical lure was known that could match or exceed attractiveness of natural human hosts, but recent research has led to one that is more attractive at long range than individual humans [19]. In their publication, the authors suggested a ...
Infectious Diseases in Children | Brazilian officials estimate that there have been at least 1.5 million cases of Zika virus infection since the current outbreak began in May 2015, according to WHO.This dramatic increase in Brazil — and throughout the Americas — coupled with the now-confirmed association between the virus and microcephaly forced the CDC to issue a travel warning advising pregnant women to avoid travel
The disease causes severe flu-like symptoms including joint pain and typically incapacitates people for a week or sometimes months. Some sufferers report symptoms up to two years later, according to experts. The name comes from a Makonde word for that which bends up, a description for people with arthritis.. ...
Pediatrician Jennifer Halverson will never forget her 36th birthday. The St. Paul native was volunteering at a maternity clinic in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
The Zika virus is is now spreading explosively in the Americas, the head of the World Health Organization said Thursday, with another official estimating between 3 million and 4 million Zika infections in the region over a 12-month period.
Researchers Andrea Crisanti and Tony Nolan from the Imperial College London want to use the method to help control populations of mosquitos that spread dangerous diseases like malaria and dengue fever. In order to achieve this goal, they will need to successfully wipe out a population with a single gene, a method known as a crash drive.. The biologists are currently working on a gene crash drive that would destroy the X chromosome in mosquitos sperm cells, which would all but ensure than subsequent populations of mosquitos were nearly 100 percent male. This would result in the crash of an entire population within one generation, effectively eliminating mosquitos as vectors for disease.. Female mosquitos become infertile when a copy of the crash drive is inherited from both of its parents. The crash drives would be able to suppress mosquito populations to levels that do not support malaria transmission, according to the study. ...
LIFE CYCLE Female mosquitoes lay eggs every 3rd day during their lifespan, usually in clumps of 100-300 eggs. The eggs are deposited in standing water. Mosquitoes can lay eggs in as little as I inch of water. When the eggs hatch the larvae emerge. It takes about a week for them to develop into…
Jurisdictional suggestions may perhaps consider the epidemiology of Zika virus transmission as well as other epidemiologic criteria (e.g., seasonality and mosquito surveillance and Manage things) in parts with chance for Zika virus transmission and, therefore, could possibly include things like a regimen advice to check asymptomatic Expecting Ladies possibly for medical care or as part of click here Zika virus an infection surveillance ...
dear William; i have worked with house screening since 2004 and we have tested what we call eve nets with curtians that are insecticide treated to not only prevent mosquito entrance but also kill those that try to enter. Tested in parallel with LLIN, the provided 75 % more control.. Before we tested this, we tested more solid screens without insecticiee. Our expeieince was that unless these covered every hole where a mosquito can enter, they did not prevent mosquitoes for entering.. My american collagues let people fill mud into every corrugated roof opening (about 50 per meter) around the house and it helped a few days till the mud fell out. When i replaced that with the insecticide treated net, we did not need to be so thorough, and it worked fine. We then ran a 2 years study of effect (published, Ojera Odhiambo as first author) that proved the superior effect and i returned 4 years after the start to the villages and found that 50 % of these even nets were still in place, the deltamethrin had ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has awarded $6.8 million to national public health partners to assist state, tribal, local, and territorial jurisdictions with their Zika responses in a wide range of activities, including surveillance and epidemiology, vector control, communication and outreach to pregnant women and vulnerable populations, and planning with key stakeholders. This funding will help enhance surge capacity for Zika case identification and mosquito surveillance. It will also help improve communications to key populations, by developing focused educational materials, sharing mosquito . . .
Culicidae" (The Norwegian Finnmark Expedition. Culicidae). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 2: 241-349. 1930: "Teodor Odhner" ( ... 1930: "Culiciden der 2 'Fram'-Expedition (1898-1902)" (The Culicidae of the Second Fram Expedition, 1898-1902). Norsk ...
Culicidae Press. 2015 ISBN 978-1-941892-05-3 Miller, Charles M. (1909). "Bibliography Of Kites In Periodical Literature". The ...
Culicidae) 1974 A review of the mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) of Bangladesh. Notes on the feeding and egg-laying habits ... Diptera, Culicidae.). PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSQUITO BREEDING HABITATS IN AN IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT AREA IN SRI ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "luzonensis (Ludlow)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 2 February 2017. CS1 ...
P M Alarcón-Elbal, M A Rodríguez-Sosa, B C Newman, W B Sutton, The First Record of Aedes vittatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the ... mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) to transmit Zika virus". BMC Infectious Diseases. 15: 492. doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1231-2. PMC ... Diptera: Culicidae)". Contributions of the American Entomological Institute. 14 (1): 1-132. Cheikh Tidiane Diagne; Diawo Diallo ... John F. Reinert (2000). "Description of Fredwardsius, a new subgenus of Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae)" (PDF). European Mosquito ...
Family Culicidae. In Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region. Ed. Crosskey RW. British Museum (Natural History), ... Spatiotemporal distribution of diurnal yellow fever vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) at two sylvan interfaces in Kenya, East Africa ... Albuginosus, A new subgenus of Aedes Meigen (Diptera: Culicidae) described from the Afrotropical Region. Mosquito Systematics ...
yerburyi (Diptera: Culicidae). Spread, establishment & prevalence of dengue vector Aedes aegypti (L.) in Konkan region, ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "sinensis Theobald". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 4 February 2017. CS1 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "campilunati Carter and Wijesundara". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 3 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "ostentatio (Leicester)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 1 February 2017. ... Culicidae) DESCRIPTION OF THE FEMALE, PUPA, AND LARVA OF AEDES (PARAEDES) BARRAUDI AND THE PUPA AND LARVA OF AEDES (PARAEDES) ... MENONZ (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) Paraedes Edwards, 1934 - Mosquito Taxonomic Inventory. ...
Dipterologia Argentina, Culicidae. Revista del Museo de la Plata, i: 345-377; p. 374. Reinert JF (2000). "New classification ... doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00144.x. Savage HM, Strickman D (2004). "The genus and subgenus categories within Culicidae and ... José G. B., Derraik (2007). "Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in New Zealand: reverting to the traditional Aedes nomenclature. ... Reinert, John F.; Harbach, Ralph E.; Kitching, Ian J. (2004). "Phylogeny and classification of Aedini (Diptera: Culicidae), ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "affinis (Edwards)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 3 February 2017. CS1 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "crassipes (van der Wulp)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 2 February 2017 ... Culicidae, Diptera) mosquitoes are natural vectors of avian malaria in Africa". Malaria Journal. 8: 193. doi:10.1186/1475-2875- ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "wardi Sirivanakarn". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 4 February 2017. CS1 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "argenteoscutellatus Carter and Wijesundara". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. ...
Culicidae). A preliminary study on the emergence of Mansonia uniformis (Diptera: Culicidae) from swamps at Richards Bay, Natal ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "uniformis (Theobald)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 2 February 2017. CS1 ...
of Tipulidae and Culicidae)". Meddelelser Fra Det Zoologiske Museum. Oslo. 30: 347-366. Collin, J.E. (1966). "A Revision of the ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "brevipalpis (Giles)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 3 February 2017. CS1 ...
Diptera: Chyromyidae) Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae) Uranotaenia sp. ( ... Diptera: Culicidae) Condystylus sp. (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) Drosophila ananassae (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Drosophila ...
Service, M. W. (2009). "The biology of Anopheles claviger (Mg.) (Dipt., Culicidae) in southern England". Bulletin of ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Zamburlini, R (1998). "Classification of Anopheles claviger (Diptera, Culicidae) in ... Culicidae)". The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 69 (2): 195-9. PMID 13677375. Schaffner, F; Raymond, M; ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) fauna in Alappuzha and Kottayam district of the Kerala ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "aureolineatus (Leicester)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 2 February 2017 ... Culicidae). FURTHER OBSERVATIONS ON THE MOSQUITO FAUNA OF UDAWATTAKELE FOREST, SRI LANKA.. ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "annulifera (Theobald)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 2 February 2017. ... Culicidae), the Major Vectors of Filariasis in a Rural Area of South India Host Plant Preference of Mansonia Mosquitoes. ...
Belkin, John N. (1953). "Mosquitoes of the Genus Uranotaenia in the Solomon Islands (Diptera: Culicidae)". Pacific Science. 7 ( ... Culicidae)". Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 47 (1): 107-177. doi:10.1093/aesa/47.1.107. v t e. ... Insecta Diptera Culicidae Uranotaenia. Faune de Madagascar. 91. ISBN 9782709915427. ISSN 0428-0709. ...
Diptera: Culicidae) From Southern India". J Med Entomol. Retrieved 1 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "An ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "ramachandrai Reuben". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 1 February 2017. CS1 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "bahri (Edwards)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 3 February 2017. CS1 ...
Part V.-The Culicidae". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 2 (3): 1717-64 [1737]. Russell, R.C. (1996). " ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "quadripalpis (Edwards)". Systematic Catalog of Culicidae. Retrieved 4 February 2017. ...
A new species of Toxorhynchites from Papua New Guinea (Diptera: Culicidae).[permanent dead link] Mosquito Systematics 14(1): 1- ... Culicidae). BSc (Hons.) thesis, National University of Singapore. Lecoufle, M. 1990. Nepenthes ampullaria. In: Carnivorous ...
Culicidae) em recipientes artificiais" [Breeding places of Aedes scapularis (Diptera: Culicidae) in artificial containers]. ... Arnell, J. H. (1976). "Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae) XXXII. A revision of the scapularis group of Aedes (Ochlerotatus ... Culicidae) in Mainland Florida, With Notes on the Ochlerotatus Group in the United States". Journal of Medical Entomology: ... Culicidae)". Revista de Saúde Pública. 22 (2): 84-93. doi:10.1590/S0034-89101988000200003. PMID 2905827. Brasileiro, Adriana, ...
Notes on the Aedes (Diceromyia) furcifer Group, With a Description of a New Species (Diptera: Culicidae). Proceedings of the ... "Aedes (Dic.) furcifer" in Systematic Catalog of Culicidae, Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, http://www.wrbu.org/SpeciesPages_ ... Further Notes on African Culicidae. Bulletin of Entomological Research, IV: 47-59; 48; http://www.mosquitocatalog.org/files/ ...
4: 403-517 (1912). Critical review of "genera" in Culicidae. Rec. Indian Mus. 10: 15-73 (1914). Revision of the Oriental ... 4: 259-316 (1911). Annotated catalog of Oriental Culicidae-supplement. Rec. Indian Mus. ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Culicidae&oldid=145312683" ...
Medical definition of Culicidae: a family of slender long-legged dipteran flies having the body and appendages partly covered ... Learn More about Culicidae. Share Culicidae Post the Definition of Culicidae to Facebook Share the Definition of Culicidae on ... Comments on Culicidae What made you want to look up Culicidae? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, ... "Culicidae." Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/Culicidae. ...
Federici, B. A. (‎1977)‎. Virus pathogens of Culicidae (‎mosquitos)‎.. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 55 (‎Suppl 1 ...
Belkin, J.N.; Heinemann, S.J.; Page, W.A. 1970: Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae). XXI. The Culicidae of Jamaica. ... Belkin, J.N. 1968: Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae) VII. The Culicidae of New Zealand. Contributions of the American ... Culicidae Meigen, 1818. References[խմբագրել]. *Azari-Hamidian, S.; Harbach, R.E. 2009: Keys to the adult females and fourth- ... Knight, K.L.; Stone, A. 1977: A Catalog of the Mosquitoes of the World (Diptera: Culicidae). Second Edition. Thomas Say ...
... family culicidae). View videos and photos of 50 of the most popular mosquitoes (family culicidae) in nature. Learn more about ...
Culicidae as fossils are not common. Most listed in this catalog are known from compression fossils. However, there are a few ... Culicidae, or mosquitoes, are found worldwide. Adult females of most living forms are blood feeders and are infamous as vectors ... listed a fossil record of Culicidae from the Triassic; however, it is not known from which deposit the specimen referred to ...
Culex molestus Forskal (Diptera: Culicidae) in Australia: colonisation, stenogamy, autogeny, oviposition and larval development ...
... T. V. Pascini, J. M. Ramalho-Ortigäo, G. F. ... Anopheles lindesayi japonicus Yamada (Diptera Culicidae) in Korea ... Susceptibility of Adult Mosquitoes to Insecticides in ... Culicidae)," Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 106(6), 857-867, (1 November 2013) Include:. ... Culicidae)," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 106(6), 857-867, (1 November 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/AN13079 ...
... Jennifer R. Gordon, James ... Culicidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology, 105(3), 971-978, (1 June 2012) Include:. ... Culicidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(3), 971-978, (1 June 2012). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC11224 ...
Halgoš J, Benková I (2004) First record of Anopheles hyrcanus (Diptera:Culicidae) from Slovakia. Biologia 59:68Google Scholar ... Kramář J (1958) Mosquitoes-Culicidae (in Czech). Fauna ČSR, vol 13. Nakladatelství ČSAV, Praha [in Czech]Google Scholar ... Orszagh I, Halgoš J, Jalili N, Labuda M (2001) Mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) of Slovakia II. Eur Mosq Bull 11:1-26Google ... Rettich F, Šebesta O, Imrichová K (2012) Long-term study of the mosquito fauna (Diptera, Culicidae) of the Czech lowlands and ...
... Dataset homepage. Citation. Wilkerson R C (2008). Studies ... Culicidae). Zootaxa 2299: 1-18, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.191667 Taxonomic Coverages. Geographic Coverages. Bibliographic Citations. ... on Anopheles (Kerteszia) homunculus Komp (Diptera: Culicidae). Plazi.org taxonomic treatments database. Checklist Dataset https ...
1958)‎. Folding cages for the transport of Culicidae and other diptera / by G. Furtunescu. Geneva : World Health Organization. ... Folding cages for the transport of Culicidae and other diptera / by G. Furtunescu. ... A new species of the Anopheles funestus complex (‎diptera : culicidae)‎ from Zanzibar, United Republic of Tanzania / by S. K. ... Etude comparative de différentes techniques de récolte de moustiques adultes (‎Diptera, Culicidae)‎ faite au Maroc, en zone ...
Culicidae ID. ,Culex pipiens group.. Diptera (adults). 4. 16-07-2020 18:50. ...
Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) From Florida Transmitted Zika Virus. Chelsea T. Smartt1*†, Dongyoung Shin1†, ... Citation: Smartt CT, Shin D, Kang S and Tabachnick WJ (2018) Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) From Florida ... 2017). Evidence of Zika virus RNA fragments in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) field-collected eggs from Camaçari, Bahia ...
Estudo taxonômico sobre Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) strodei Root (Diptera: Culicidae): uma abordagem morfológica e molecular ... Taxonomic studies on Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) strodei Root (Diptera: Culicidae): a morphological and molecular approach ...
Culicidae. Caldasia 10: 407-440. [ Links ]. Bates, M. 1944. Notes on the construction and use of stable traps for mosquitoes ... The Drosophila melanogaster cinnabar gene is a cell autonomous genetic marker in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. ... Ginandromorfos de "Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti" (L.) (Diptera, Culicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 20: 429-434. [ Links ]. ... Wing biometry and statistical discriminant analysis as a technique to determine sex of a Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) ...
Dear Editor,. Aedes aegypti aegypti, commonly abbreviated as Ae. aegypti, can be differentiated from Ae. aegypti formosus, a purely sylvatic species in sub-Saharan Africa, whose immature forms mostly inhabit holes in stones and trees, and have also been collected in bamboo traps1. Aedes aegypti eggs show good adaptation ability to other vessels and strong resistance to desiccation, which has facilitated its transportation to several regions worldwide by humans2. It invaded the American continent through trading and slaving ships, subsequently adapting to a large area and transmitting yellow fever virus in cities across the continent, ranging from Baltimore in the United States to Buenos Aires in Argentina3, and has since been incriminated in the transmission of several arboviruses4. It has also been reported to rarely invade sylvatic environments in Rio de Janeiro5, as well as in rock holes in Anguilla and in tree holes in New Orleans6, and was found in tree holes in the Caribbean among 12 types ...
Mosquito Studies (Diptera, Culicidae). XXIV. A revision of the crabhole mosquitoes of the genus Deinocerites. Contributions of ... Mating and pupal attendance in Deinocerites cancer and comparisons with Opifex fuscus (Diptera: Culicidae). Annals of the ... Topics: Coastal Wildlife , Florida Medical Entomology Lab - Vero Beach , Featured Creatures collection , Family: Culicidae ( ... Crabhole Mosquito, Deinocerites cancer Theobald (Insecta: Diptera: Culicidae)1. George F. OMeara2 ...
... Dataset homepage ... Harbach R E (2007). The Culicidae (Diptera): a review of taxonomy, classification and phylogeny *. Plazi.org taxonomic ... The Culicidae (Diptera): a review of taxonomy, classification and phylogeny *. Zootaxa 1668: 591-638, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo. ...
Culicidae) in Tanzania - Volume 85 Issue 1 - J.D. Charlwood, T. Smith, J. Kihonda, B. Heiz, P.F. Billingsley, W. Takken ... The response of Anopheles gambiae s.l. and A. funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) to tents baited with human odour or carbon dioxide ... The response of Anopheles gambiae s.l. and A. funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) to tents baited with human odour or carbon dioxide ... Dispersal and survival of Anopheles funestus and A. gambiae s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae) during the rainy season in southeast ...
Asian Tiger Mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Insecta: Diptera: Culicidae)1. Leslie Rios and James E. Maruniak2 ...
Culicidae as Sentinel Species. This table summarizes studies curated in the Canary Database about the overall quality of ... published evidence supporting sentinels of human health hazards with respect to the species Culicidae. ...
Kampen H, Zielke D, Werner D (2012) A new focus of Aedes japonicus japonicus (Theobald, 1901) (Diptera, Culicidae) distribution ... Schneider K (2011) Breeding of Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) 80 km north of its known range in southern ... Turell MJ, OGuinn ML, Dohm DJ, Jones JW (2001) Vector competence of North American mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) for West ... Werner D, Kampen H (2013) The further spread of Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera, Culicidae) towards northern Germany. ...
... () ... Culicidae) and Artemia salina. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 5, 48-56. doi: 10.4236/aid.2015.51005. ... Culicidae) under Different Water Temperatures. Neotropical Entomology, 36, 966-971.. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519- ...
The Culicidae family is diverse and has many species of high epidemiological relevance that transmit the pathogens that cause ... Estudo da resposta de mosquitos (Diptera:Culicidae) a diferentes tipos de criadouros e condições de fatores físico-químicos da ... Study of mosquito response (Diptera: Culicidae) to different breeding types and conditions of physical and chemical factors of ... of this work was to investigate the influence of physical-chemical factors and breeding type on the occurrence of Culicidae ...
Culicidae): a working hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships - Volume 94 Issue 6 - R.E. Harbach ... Culicidae Fascicle 194. 259 pp. Bruxelles Desmet-Verteneuil.. Faran, M.E. (1980) Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae) XXXIV. A ... Lee, D.J., Hicks, M.M., Griffiths, M., Debenham, M.L., Bryan, J.H., Russell, R.C., Geary, M. & Marks, E.N. (1987) The Culicidae ... V. Familie Culicidae (Stechmuecken). Palaeontographica (A) 95, 108-121.. Suguna, S.G., Rathinam, K.G., Rajavel, A.R. & Dhanda, ...
Culicidae).. Ledermann JP1, Suchman EL, Black WC 4th, Carlson JO. ...
Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Antonios Michaelakis 1, ... "Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae)." Molecules 12, no. 12: ... Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Molecules. 2007; 12(12): ...
... J Insect Physiol. 2008 Jul;54( ...
Molecular Differentiation of the African Yellow Fever Vector Aedes bromeliae (Diptera: Culicidae) from Its Sympatric Non-vector ... Molecular Differentiation of the African Yellow Fever Vector Aedes bromeliae (Diptera: Culicidae) from Its Sympatric Non-vector ... Molecular Differentiation of the African Yellow Fever Vector Aedes bromeliae (Diptera: Culicidae) from Its Sympatric Non-vector ... Molecular Differentiation of the African Yellow Fever Vector Aedes bromeliae (Diptera: Culicidae) from Its Sympatric Non-vector ...
  • Harbach, R.E. 2009: Keys to the adult females and fourth-instar larvae of the mosquitoes of Iran (Diptera: Culicidae). (wikimedia.org)
  • The Cretaceous Fossil Burmaculex antiquus Confirmed as the Earliest Known Lineage of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Danilov, V.N. 1985: [Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Afghanistan. (wikimedia.org)
  • Culicidae, or mosquitoes, are found worldwide. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • Infection and pathogenicity of the mosquito densoviruses AeDNV, HeDNV, and APeDNV in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). (nih.gov)
  • Genetic Diversity and Population Genetics of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae: Culex spp. (hindawi.com)
  • The population structure, dispersal capabilities, and systematics of mosquitoes in the genus Culex (Culicidae: Culicinae: Culicini) from the Sonoran Desert of North America are poorly known. (hindawi.com)
  • Compounds that mediate the oviposition of mosquitoes: a possible sustainable tool for the control and monitoring of Culicidae. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Williams, C.R. and Proctor, H.C. (2002) Parasitism of Mosquitoes (Diptera Culicidae) by Larval Mites (Acari Parasitengona) in Adelaide, South Australia. (scirp.org)
  • ABSTRACT: Water mites (Hydrachnidia) are common external parasites of the medically important mosquitoes (Culicidae). (scirp.org)
  • QUIRAN, Estela M. and ROSSI, Gustavo C. . New records of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in La Pampa Province, Argentina. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Mosquitoes of the family Culicidae live worldwide, except in Antarctica, but require habitat with standing or slow moving fresh water for young to develop. (thoughtco.com)
  • Family Culicidae - Mosquitoes - BugGuide.Net. (thoughtco.com)
  • Mosquitoes, part of the family Culicidae, are small flies considered ectoparasites, as they feed on the blood of their host. (nexles.com)
  • Mosquitoes are small insects pertaining to the family Culicidae. (nexles.com)
  • NDLI: Mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in new zealand: reverting to the traditional aedes nomenclature. (iitkgp.ac.in)
  • Molecular Differentiation of the African Yellow Fever Vector Aedes bromeliae (Diptera: Culicidae) from Its Sympatric Non-vector Sister Species, Aed. (nih.gov)
  • Oviposition attractancy of dodecanoic, hexadecanoic and tetradecanoic acids against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae) es vector de los agentes etiológicos de la fiebre amarilla y del dengue. (redalyc.org)
  • Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae) is a vector of etiological agents of yellow fever and dengue. (redalyc.org)
  • ES]Se expone la primera cita de Aedes (Fredwardsius) vittatus (Bigot, 1861) en la comunidad autónoma de Galicia, conseguida gracias a la plataforma de ciencia ciudadana Mosquito Alert. (csic.es)
  • Aun cuando este proyecto está enfocado hacia la detección y seguimiento de dos especies de culícidos exóticos invasores: Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse 1894) y Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.), se evidencia la gran capacidad existente para el estudio de la biodiversidad así como la detección de otras especies por parte de plataformas que se apoyan en miles de ciudadanos motivados y un equipo experto. (csic.es)
  • EN]Citizen science and biodiversity: first record of Aedes (Fredwardsius) vittatus (Bigot, 1861) (Diptera, Culicidae) in Galicia, by the means of the Mosquito Alert platform We present here the first record of Aedes (Fredwardsius) vittatus (Bigot, 1861) in the autonomous region of Galicia, obtained by the means of the citizen science project Mosquito Alert. (csic.es)
  • el Ministerio de Salud Pública de la ciudad de Guayaquil, Ecuador , ha utilizado, hasta la fecha, temefos (abate) como principal medida química para el control larval de Aedes aegypti , principal vector del dengue en este país. (bvsalud.org)
  • determinar la resistencia a temefos y sus mecanismos bioquímicos en dos cepas Aedes aegypti de Ecuador , así como determinar la eficacia del regulador de crecimiento , pyriproxifeno, como posible alternativa para su control . (bvsalud.org)
  • en larvas de Aedes aegypti provenientes de dos localidades (Pascuales y Guayacanes), de la ciudad de Guayaquil, Ecuador , se evaluó la resistencia al insecticida oganofosforado temefos y la eficacia del pyriproxifeno mediante metodologías recomendadas por la Organización Mundial de la Salud . (bvsalud.org)
  • se demostró que el mecanismo de esterasas , responsable de la resistencia a temefos , está presente en Aedes aegypti de Guayaquil, Ecuador , de ahí la necesidad de monitorear este fenómeno en diferentes regiones del país. (bvsalud.org)
  • El regulador de crecimiento pyriproxifeno resultó muy eficaz, y esto lo convierte en una alternativa a evaluar para el control de poblaciones de Aedes aegypti en Ecuador . (bvsalud.org)
  • Knockdown Resistance Mutations in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) From Puerto Rico. (cdc.gov)
  • Culex molestus Forskal (Diptera: Culicidae) in Australia: colonis. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • First isolation of the Rift Valley fever virus from Culex poicilipes (Diptera: Culicidae) in nature. (ajtmh.org)
  • Larvicidal potential of some plants from west Africa against Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and anopheles gambiae giles (Diptera: Culicidae). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Effect of incubation at overwintering temperatures on the replication of West Nile Virus in New York Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Simulated overwintering of encephalitis viruses in diapausing female Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Tabbabi A, Daaboub J, Laamari A, Ben Cheikh R, Ben Cheikh H (2017) Pirimiphos-methyl Resistance in Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) in Southern Tunisia. (scitechnol.com)
  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Sallum, Maria Anice Mureb, Dos, Cecilia L. S., Wilkerson, Richard C. (2009): Studies on Anopheles (Kerteszia) homunculus Komp (Diptera: Culicidae). (gbif.org)
  • A cocktail polymerase chain reaction assay to identify members of the Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) group. (ajtmh.org)
  • Evaluation of the pyrrole insecticide chlorfenapyr against pyrethroid resistant and susceptible Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae). (www.gov.uk)
  • Redescription of larva, pupa and adult of Anopheles (Anopheles) annulipalpis (Diptera: Culicidae) and the removal of the specie of the Cycloleppteron Series. (scielo.br)
  • The endocrine glands corpora allata and the glands were investigated in three mosquito species from the family Culicidae the bloodsucking malaria mosquitos Anopheles maculipennis and A. bifurcatus and the non-bloodsucking mosquito Chaoborus crystallinus. (dtic.mil)
  • Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae) is a primary vector of Plasmodium vivax and Brugia malayi in most regions of China. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Belkin, J.N. 1968: Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae) VII. (wikimedia.org)
  • Page, W.A. 1970: Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Part I. Keys for identification of adult females and fourth stage larvae in English and Spanish (Diptera, Culicidae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Estudo da resposta de mosquitos (Diptera:Culicidae) a diferentes tipos de criadouros. (usp.br)
  • Diptera: Culicidae. (thoughtco.com)
  • Characteristics of Larval Anopheline (Diptera: Culicidae) Habitats in Western Kenya. (ac.ke)
  • Diptera, Culicidae) collected in the lowland forests of Cameroon as potential vectors of avian malarial parasites was explored. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Review of the genus Chagasia (Diptera: Culicidae: Anophelinae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Howard, T.M. 2009: Review of the genus Chagasia (Diptera: Culicidae: Anophelinae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mosquitos are the insects belonging to the family Culicidae . (wikimedia.org)
  • Culicidae é uma família de insetos habitualmente chamados de muriçoca, mosquitos ou pernilongos.As fêmeas em muitas regiões são designadas vulgarmente como melgas.Como os outros membros da ordem Diptera, os mosquitos têm um par de asas e um par de halteres. (yahoo.com)
  • Laboratory chronic bioassays with water from the treated microcosms were conducted to provide an estimate of the residual effect of Margosan-O. Results from chronic tests showed Margosan-O toxicity to be greater in the laboratory exposures than in situ with Culicidae larvae exposed to the same concentrations. (scienceopen.com)
  • This table summarizes studies curated in the Canary Database about the overall quality of published evidence supporting sentinels of human health hazards with respect to the species Culicidae. (canarydatabase.org)
  • The Culicidae family is diverse and has many species of high epidemiological relevance that transmit the pathogens that cause diseases such as dengue fever, yellow fever and malaria. (usp.br)
  • Therefore, the main objective of this work was to investigate the influence of physical-chemical factors and breeding type on the occurrence of Culicidae species in two remnants of Atlantic Forest in the city of São Paulo. (usp.br)
  • Twenty six species of Culicidae and nine of Ceratopogonidae were identified. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Fourteen species of Culicidae and three of Ceratopogonidae inhabit bamboo, two and five treeholes, seven and three bromeliads, and nine and one, other less known phytotelmata, respectively. (scielo.org.ar)
  • mitochondrial genes were the same as in other species of family Culicidae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • [14] Over 3,500 species of the Culicidae have already been described. (wikipedia.org)
  • The toxicity of a neem insecticide to populations of culicidae and other aquatic invertebrates as assessed in in situ microcosms. (scienceopen.com)
  • Barraud, P.J. 1934: Family Culicidae. (wikimedia.org)
  • Members of the family Culicidae do exhibit common characteristics if you can bear to spend a moment examining them. (thoughtco.com)
  • Back home in the UK they go by the name mosquito from the spanish mosqua meaning fly and the diminutive suffix -ito meaning little and constitute a large group (over 3,500 so far described worldwide) of insects in the family Culicidae . (catalogueoflife.org)
  • La infectividad y el ciclo de vida de un aislado argentino de Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) en larvas de A. aegypti se registró por primera vez bajo condiciones de laborato - rio. (redalyc.org)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Culicidae. (who.int)
  • A list of the most common phytotelmata and their Culicidae and Ceratopogonidae inhabitants from Iguazú National Park, Misiones Province, Argentina, is presented, and biological and behavioral observations are also included. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/Culicidae. (merriam-webster.com)
  • William E. Walton "Effectiveness of pyramidal emergence traps for estimating production of Culex mosquitoes (Diptera:Culicidae)," Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28(3), 676-682, (1 September 2009). (bioone.org)
  • Variations of fauna of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in areas of deployment of a dam on river Paranapanema, SP / RP. (usp.br)
  • A review of the Culex pipiens complex in the Mediterranean subregion (Diptera, Culicidae) / by K. L. Knight. (wellcomecollection.org)
  • The present study aims to monitor and determine the susceptibility of the adult malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis Patton, 1905 (Diptera: Culicidae) in two administrative localities in the state, following WHO standard protocols. (dipterajournal.com)
  • Mosquito studies (Diptera, Culicidae) XXXV. (mosquito-taxonomic-inventory.info)
  • Maintenance of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: culicidae) in laboratory. (usp.br)
  • Evaluation of the locomotor activity of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) with different. (usp.br)
  • This study investigates the diversity of malaria parasites carried by mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) in the state of Mississippi. (bioone.org)
  • New records of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Bolívar State in South Eastern Venezuela, with 27 new species for the state and 5 of them new in the country. (si.edu)
  • I. An illustrated key by adult female characteristics for the identification of thirty-five species of Anophelini, with notes on the malaria vectors (Diptera, Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Identification key to the Anopheles mosquitoes of South America (Diptera: Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Notes and redescriptions of some Anopheles (Series Arribalzagia) holotypes (Diptera, Culicidae) in the British Museum Natural History, UK. (si.edu)
  • The eggs of two anopheline mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) endemic to Madagascar. (si.edu)
  • The subgenus Anopheles in Thailand (Diptera: Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • A new species of Anopheles ( Anopheles ) from Namibia (Diptera: Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Nota sistemática sôbre Anopheles ( N .) rondoni -descrição do ovo (Diptera, Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Description of the immature stages of Anopheles ( Nyssorhynchus ) rondoni (Neiva and Pinto) (Diptera: Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • The identification of Anopheles ( Nyssorhynchus ) rondoni (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mato Grosso State, Brazil: An analysis of key character variability. (si.edu)
  • Notes on Australian mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • The mosquitoes of Victoria ( Diptera, Culicidae ). (si.edu)
  • A new species of Anopheles from Queensland and notes on related species (Diptera, Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • More studies are needed to determine how effective the Anopheles stephensi is in delivering a single-celled parasite that can trigger different forms of malaria, according to the research article -- 'First detection of Anopheles stephensi Liston, 1901 (Diptera: culicidae) in Ethiopia using molecular and morphological approaches' -- published in Acta Tropica, an international journal on infectious diseases. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • The bionomics of Anopheles merus (Diptera: Culicidae) along the Kenyan coast. (si.edu)
  • A synoptic catalog of the mosquitoes of the world ( Diptera, Culicidae ) (Vol. 6). (si.edu)
  • Phylogeny and classification of the Culicidae (Diptera). (si.edu)
  • Phylogeny of mosquitoes of tribe Culicini (Diptera: Culicidae) based on morphological diversity. (si.edu)
  • A new genus and species of mosquito from Colombia, Galindomyia leei (Diptera, Culicidae, Culicini). (si.edu)
  • Notes on American Culex (Diptera, Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • New species of tropical American mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Cibarial armature as taxonomic characters for the Spissipes section of Culex ( Melanoconion ) (Diptera: Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Cibarial sensilla and armature in mosquito adults (Diptera: Culicidae). (si.edu)
  • Pupae of the culicine mosquitoes of the northeastern United States ( Diptera, Culicidae, Culicini ). (si.edu)
  • The Culicidae collection has long supported world class mosquito research. (si.edu)
  • The Culicidae of Jamaica (Mosquito studies. (si.edu)
  • Variações da fauna de mosquitos (Díptera:Culicidae) em área de implantação de uma. (usp.br)
  • Mosquitos or Culicidae of New York State. (si.edu)
  • The first-stage larvae of North American Culicidae and of world Anophelinae. (si.edu)
  • After you receive a detailed and positive response from us (typically within six to eight weeks), we send you our standard contract that spells out the legal responsibilities between you and Culicidae Press. (culicidaepress.com)