Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.
Perception of three-dimensionality.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
Differential response to different stimuli.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.
Bulbous enlargement of the growing tip of nerve axons and dendrites. They are crucial to neuronal development because of their pathfinding ability and their role in synaptogenesis.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
The physiological renewal, repair, or replacement of tissue.
Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.
Formation of NEURONS which involves the differentiation and division of STEM CELLS in which one or both of the daughter cells become neurons.

Signal-, set- and movement-related activity in the human brain: an event-related fMRI study. (1/5942)

Electrophysiological studies on monkeys have been able to distinguish sensory and motor signals close in time by pseudorandomly delaying the cue that instructs the movement from the stimulus that triggers the movement. We have used a similar experimental design in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), scanning subjects while they performed a visuomotor conditional task with instructed delays. One of four shapes was presented briefly. Two shapes instructed the subjects to flex the index finger; the other two shapes coded the flexion of the middle finger. The subjects were told to perform the movement after a tone. We have exploited a novel use of event-related fMRI. By systematically varying the interval between the visual and acoustic stimuli, it has been possible to estimate the significance of the evoked haemodynamic response (EHR) to each of the stimuli, despite their temporal proximity in relation to the time constant of the EHR. Furthermore, by varying the phase between events and image acquisition, we have been able to achieve high temporal resolution while scanning the whole brain. We dissociated sensory and motor components of the sensorimotor transformations elicited by the task, and assessed sustained activity during the instructed delays. In calcarine and occipitotemporal cortex, the responses were exclusively associated with the visual instruction cues. In temporal auditory cortex and in primary motor cortex, they were exclusively associated with the auditory trigger stimulus. In ventral prefrontal cortex there were movement-related responses preceded by preparatory activity and by signal-related activity. Finally, responses associated with the instruction cue and with sustained activity during the delay period were observed in the dorsal premotor cortex and in the dorsal posterior parietal cortex. Where the association between a visual cue and the appropriate movement is arbitrary, the underlying visuomotor transformations are not achieved exclusively through frontoparietal interactions. Rather, these processes seem to rely on the ventral visual stream, the ventral prefrontal cortex and the anterior part of the dorsal premotor cortex.  (+info)

Neural encoding in orbitofrontal cortex and basolateral amygdala during olfactory discrimination learning. (2/5942)

Orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is part of a network of structures involved in adaptive behavior and decision making. Interconnections between OFC and basolateral amygdala (ABL) may be critical for encoding the motivational significance of stimuli used to guide behavior. Indeed, much research indicates that neurons in OFC and ABL fire selectively to cues based on their associative significance. In the current study recordings were made in each region within a behavioral paradigm that allowed comparison of the development of associative encoding over the course of learning. In each recording session, rats were presented with novel odors that were informative about the outcome of making a response and had to learn to withhold a response after sampling an odor that signaled a negative outcome. In some cases, reversal training was performed in the same session as the initial learning. Ninety-six of the 328 neurons recorded in OFC and 60 of the 229 neurons recorded in ABL exhibited selective activity during evaluation of the odor cues after learning had occurred. A substantial proportion of those neurons in ABL developed selective activity very early in training, and many reversed selectivity rapidly after reversal. In contrast, those neurons in OFC rarely exhibited selective activity during odor evaluation before the rats reached the criterion for learning, and far fewer reversed selectivity after reversal. The findings support a model in which ABL encodes the motivational significance of cues and OFC uses this information in the selection and execution of an appropriate behavioral strategy.  (+info)

Visual control of locomotion in Parkinson's disease. (3/5942)

The effect of placing parallel lines on the walking surface on parkinsonian gait was evaluated. To identify the kind of visual cues (static or dynamic) required for the control of locomotion, we tested two visual conditions: normal lighting and stroboscopic illumination (three flashes/s), the latter acting to suppress dynamic visual cues completely. Sixteen subjects with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (nine males, seven females; mean age 68.8 years) and the same number of age-matched controls (seven males; nine females, mean age 67.5 years) were studied. During the baseline phase, Parkinson's disease patients walked with a short-stepped, slow velocity pattern. The double limb support duration was increased and the step cadence was reduced relative to normal. Under normal lighting, visual cues from the lines on the walking surface induced a significant improvement in gait velocity and stride length in Parkinson's disease patients. With stroboscopic illumination and without lines, both groups reduced their stride length and velocity but the changes were significant only in the Parkinson's disease group, indicating greater dependence on dynamic visual information. When stroboscopic light was used with stripes on the floor, the improvement in gait due to the stripes was suppressed in parkinsonian patients. These results demonstrate that the perceived motion of stripes, induced by the patient's walking, is essential to improve the gait parameters and thus favour the hypothesis of a specific visual-motor pathway which is particularly responsive to rapidly moving targets. Previous studies have proposed a cerebellar circuit, allowing the visual stimuli to by-pass the damaged basal ganglia.  (+info)

A nicotine antagonist, mecamylamine, reduces cue-induced cocaine craving in cocaine-dependent subjects. (4/5942)

We have previously shown that nicotine enhances cue-induced cocaine craving. In the present study, the effects of a nicotine antagonist, mecamylamine, on cue-induced cocaine craving were investigated. Twenty-three cocaine-dependent patients, all cigarette smokers, were randomly assigned to mecamylamine (2.5 mg tablet) or placebo in a single-dose, placebo-controlled, crossover, double-blind study. Craving and anxiety were measured before and after cocaine cues with visual analog scales for desire to use cocaine and mood. Skin conductance, skin temperature and heart rate were recorded before and during cocaine cues. Following exposure to cocaine cues, all patients reported an increase in cocaine craving and anxiety relative to the precue measures. Cue exposure also produced an increase in skin conductance and decrease in skin temperature. The cue-induced increase in cocaine craving was reduced, while the cue-induced skin conductance and temperature responses were unaffected, by mecamylamine. These findings show that cue-induced cocaine craving is attenuated by mecamylamine. Further study on the use of mecamylamine in relapse prevention programs are suggested.  (+info)

Auditory perception: does practice make perfect? (5/5942)

Recent studies have shown that adult humans can learn to localize sounds relatively accurately when provided with altered localization cues. These experiments provide further evidence for experience-dependent plasticity in the mature brain.  (+info)

Effect of number of home exercises on compliance and performance in adults over 65 years of age. (6/5942)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is limited research on the effects of the number of exercises a person is told to perform on compliance and performance, as defined by cueing requirements, correct alignment, and quality of movement. Some studies of medication suggest that compliance decreases as the number of medications increases. The purpose of this study was to determine whether older adults comply and perform better (ie, requiring less cueing, exhibiting correct alignment, and exhibiting controlled, coordinated, and continuous movements) when they are asked to do 2, 5, or 8 exercises. SUBJECTS: Subjects were 11 women and 4 men, aged 67 to 82 years (X=72.8), who were living independently in their communities. METHODS: Subjects were randomly prescribed 2, 5, or 8 general strengthening home exercises. They were instructed on their exercises at an initial session and asked to record the number of repetitions performed each day in a self-report exercise log. At a return session 7 to 10 days later, subjects were scored on their performance of the prescribed exercises using a newly designed assessment tool. RESULTS: The group that was prescribed 2 exercises performed better, as defined by their performance tool score, than the group that was prescribed 8 exercises. The group that was prescribed 5 exercises was not different from the groups that performed 2 or 8 exercises. No differences were found among groups regarding the self-report measurement of compliance. There was a moderate correlation between performance scores and the self-report percentage rates. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Subjects who were prescribed 2 exercises performed better than subjects who were prescribed 8 exercises. The question of an optimal number of exercises to prescribe to elderly people warrants further study.  (+info)

Parallel information processing in the dorsal striatum: relation to hippocampal function. (7/5942)

We investigated the effects of localized medial and lateral CPu lesions and fornix/fimbria lesions on responses to a local cue and to behavior based on cognitive-spatial information in the water maze. Rats were trained concurrently on the cue (visible platform) and spatial (submerged platform) components of the task, followed by a test in which responses to the two types of information were dissociated by a measure of competing response tendencies. Bilateral lesions of lateral CPu did not affect acquisition of either cue or spatial responding but produced a preference for the spatial response on the competition test. Bilateral lesions of the medial CPu retarded but did not prevent learning both components and produced a preference for the cue response on the competition test. The latter effect was accompanied by increased thigmotaxis (swimming in the periphery of the pool), primarily during the early acquisition trials, which was attributed to an impaired ability to respond to learned spatial information. Fornix/fimbria lesions prevented spatial but not cue learning and produced a preference for the cue response on the competition test. Asymmetric lesions (unilateral hippocampus and contralateral medial CPu) produced mild retardation of acquisition of both the cue and spatial tasks and a preference for the cue response on the competition test. These findings dissociate the functions of the lateral and medial CPu and suggest that the hippocampus and medial CPu may be parts of a system that promotes responding based on learned cognitive-spatial information, particularly in competitive cue-place response situations.  (+info)

Impairment of willed actions and use of advance information for movement preparation in schizophrenia. (8/5942)

OBJECTIVES: To assess willed actions in patients with schizophrenia using reaction time (RT) tasks that differ in the degree to which they involve volitionally controlled versus stimulus driven responses. METHODS: Ten patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 13 normal controls of comparable age were tested. Subjects performed a visual simple RT (SRT), an uncued four choice reaction time (CRT), and a fully cued four choice RT task. A stimulus 1(S1)-stimulus 2(S2) paradigm was used. The warning signal/precue (S1) preceded the imperative stimulus (S2) by either 0 (no warning signal or precue) 200, 800, 1600, or 3200 ms. RESULTS: The patients with schizophrenia had significantly slower RTs and movement times than normal subjects across all RT tasks. The unwarned SRT trials were significantly faster than the uncued CRT trials for both groups. For both groups, fully cued CRTs were significantly faster than the uncued CRTs. However, the S1-S2 interval had a differential effect on CRTs in the two groups. For the normal subjects fully cued CRTs and SRTs were equivalent when S1-S2 intervals were 800 ms or longer. A similar pattern of effects was not seen in the patients with schizophrenia, for whom the fully cued CRT were unexpectedly equivalent to SRT for the 200 ms interval and expectedly for the 1600 ms S1-S2 interval, but not the 3200 or 800 ms intervals. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with schizophrenia were able to use advance information inherent in SRT or provided by the precue in fully cued CRT to speed up RT relative to uncued CRT. However, in the latter task, in which the volitional demands of preprogramming are higher since a different response has to be prepared on each trial, patients showed some unusual and inconsistent interval effects suggesting instability of attentional set. It is possible that future studies using RT tasks with higher volitional demands in patients with predominance of negative signs may disclose greater deficits in willed action in schizophrenia.  (+info)

Prospective memory (PM) represents the ability to successfully realize intentions when the appropriate moment or cue occurs. In this study, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to explore the impact of cue predictability on the cognitive and neural mechanisms supporting PM. Participants performed an ongoing task and, simultaneously, had to remember to execute a pre-specified action when they encountered the PM cues. The occurrence of the PM cues was predictable (being signalled by a warning cue) for some participants and was completely unpredictable for others. In the predictable cue condition, the behavioural and ERP correlates of strategic monitoring were observed mainly in the ongoing trials wherein the PM cue was expected. In the unpredictable cue condition they were instead shown throughout the whole PM block. This pattern of results suggests that, in the predictable cue condition, participants engaged monitoring only when subjected to a context wherein the PM cue was expected, and disengaged
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): This paper proposes a novel algorithm to solve the problem of segmenting foreground-moving objects from the background scene. The major cue used for object segmentation is the motion information, which is initially extracted from MPEG motion vectors. Since the MPEG motion vectors are generated for simple video compression without any consideration of visual objects, they may not correspond to the true motion of the macroblocks. We propose a Kernel-based Multiple Cue (KMC) algorithm to deal with the above inconsistency of MPEG motion vectors and use multiple cues to segment moving objects. KMC detects and calibrates camera movements; and then finds the kernels of moving objects. The segmentation starts from these kernels, which are textured regions with credible motion vectors. Beside motion information, it also makes use of color and texture to help achieving a better segmentation. Moreover, KMC can keep track of the segmented
Additional Research Interests: Learning, Memory, Motivation, Neuroscience. Cues (conditional stimuli, CSs) that are associated with rewards can act as powerful temptations, leading to maladaptive behavior, such as overeating, or, in the case of drug cues, relapse. However, such cues come to exert powerful control over motivated behavior only if they are attributed with incentive motivational properties (incentive salience). In a series of studies we have found that there is considerable individual variation in the extent to which reward cues acquire incentive motivational properties. Some rats, called sign-trackers (STs) are especially prone to attribute incentive salience to reward cues, relative to others (goal-trackers, GTs). Importantly, the propensity to attribute incentive salience to a food cue also predicts the the propensity to attribute motivational properties to drug cues. That is, STs also have particular difficulty resisting drug cues, in the sense that some classes of drug cues ...
immune Uncategorized buy 85650-52-8, DNMT1 Reactivity to smoking-related cues may be a key point that precipitates relapse in smokers who have want to quit. not really considered a mind region vital that you addiction typically. Second, we discovered no significant impact in the nucleus accumbens, an particular region that takes on a crucial part in craving, but this effect may have been because of technical difficulties connected with measuring fMRI data for the reason that region. The results of the meta-analysis claim that the prolonged visual program should receive even more attention in long term research of smoking cigarettes cue reactivity. = 11) using identical cue demonstration methodologies and 2) generate a big test (= 216) via the mix of these research. We used info out of this pooled test to create a map of mind areas that are most reliably triggered by cigarette cues; areas which might be especially important contributors to cue-induced craving and relapse therefore. Lately, two ...
This paper presents a novel algorithm for mobile-object segmentation from static background scenes, which is both robust and accurate under most of the common problems found in motion segmentation. In our first contribution, a case analysis of motion segmentation errors is presented taking into account the inaccuracies associated with different cues, namely colour, edge and intensity. Our second contribution is an hybrid architecture which copes with the main issues observed in the case analysis by fusing the knowledge from the aforementioned three cues and a temporal difference algorithm. On one hand, we enhance the colour and edge models to solve not only global and local illumination changes (i.e. shadows and highlights) but also the camouflage in intensity. In addition, local information is also exploited to solve the camouflage in chroma. On the other hand, the intensity cue is applied when colour and edge cues are not available because their values are beyond the dynamic range. ...
There is considerable evidence that Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs) can be understood as a form of dysregulated learning and are influenced by classical conditioning. This is based on numerous studies indicating that conditioned contextual cues influence craving for alcohol consumption. As a result, there has been considerable interest in extinction-based treatments for AUDs (i.e., treatments that focus on extinguishing the associations between alcohol cues and motivation to drink), referred to as cue exposure treatment To date, extinction-based treatment for AUDs has resulted in disappointing outcomes in clinical trials and there is considerable interest in improving this form of treatment. One novel strategy is the use of pharmacological adjuncts to enhance extinction. Medications that maximize extinction may minimize subsequent reactions to alcohol cues and, in turn, subsequent clinical outcomes. This study is examining whether the medication d-cycloserine (DCS) can enhance extinction to alcohol ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of an auditory cue on chewing cycle kinematics. AU - Wintergerst, Ana M.. AU - Buschang, Peter H.. AU - Hutchins, Bob. AU - Throckmorton, Gaylord S.. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Objectives: This study analysed the systematic and random effects of a rhythmic auditory cue on chewing cycle kinematics. Methods: The chin movements of 25 subjects (19-35 years of age) with normal class I occlusion were recorded at 100 Hz (Optotrak® Northern Digital) during two natural gum chewing (2.5 g) sequences to determine the chewing rate of each subject. Another sequence was recorded with the subjects chewing at their natural rate following an audible cue. Multilevel modeling procedures were used to evaluate differences between natural chewing with and without an audible cue. Results: Differences were found between experimental conditions for excursions, velocities and cycle shape. When chewing with the audible cue velocities were slower and there was less excursion of the chin ...
CLEVELAND (AP) Carlos Carrascos smile remains bright, his mood and outlook as positive as ever.. Outwardly, the Indians right-hander doesnt seem different. Hes determined not to let cancer change him.. I never put anything bad on my mind, Carrasco said. Everythings good. So I dont feel different. I just push myself to work more and get stronger.. Diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia last month, the 32-year-old Carrasco spoke to media members Thursday for the first time since his life took a dramatic, unexpected turn. As he dealt with so many unknowns, Carrasco said hes never once asked why me after learning of his condition.. Im not that kind of person, he said. If its happened, its for a reason.. Carrasco said he first knew something was wrong after he took his annual physical at the start of spring training in Arizona. But after more blood work was done, doctors at The Cleveland Clinic told him he had a treatable form of leukemia but that he could continue pitching as ...
Bobby Parnell seems likely to earn one of the final spots in the Mets bullpen, leaving the last spot up for grabs between Miguel Batista and D.J. Carrasco. Batista looks to have an advantage in the race, making Carrasco a candidate to be traded, two Mets officials tell Andy Martino of the New York Daily News.. One official said the team has discussed whether Miami could be a fit for Carrasco, because the pitcher enjoyed success while playing for then-White Sox manager Ozzie Guillen in 2008 and 09. A third team source mentioned that the Angels could have interest as GM Jerry DiPoto traded for Carrasco while serving as the interim GM of Arizona in 2010.. Carrascos performance last season could make him a tough sell but the Mets are hoping GMs are willing to look past it. The 34-year-old, who is set to make $1.2MM on the back end of a two-year deal, turned in a 6.02 ERA with 4.9 K/9 and 2.9 BB/9 in 2011.. ...
Indians pitcher Carlos Carrasco has revealed that he has leukemia. Carrasco has been on the injured list (nonbaseball, medical) since June 5 when the Indians released a statement saying Carrasco had been diagnosed with a blood condition. At the time, the team said it would wait for Carrasco to decide when and how he felt comfortable sharing any additional details. With Carrascos permission, the team announced that he was evaluated at Cleveland Clinic on June 2 and diagnosed with chronic
Immunotherapy company Cue Biopharma has entered into a strategic research collaboration and license agreement with Merck.. Under the terms of the deal, the CUE Biologics platform will be leveraged to develop biologics engineered to selectively modulate disease-relevant T cell subsets for the treatment of autoimmune disease.. The multi-year collaboration will encompass multiple disease targets across certain primary disease indication areas.. While specific financial arrangements are not being disclosed, Cue Biopharma will receive an up-front payment. Cue Biopharma is also eligible to earn up to $374 million in research, development, regulatory and commercial milestone payments in addition to tiered royalties on sales, if all pre-specified milestones associated with multiple products across the primary disease indication areas are achieved.. Immune Responses, On Cue. Cue Biopharma is developing biologics that mimic antigen presenting cells (APCs) to selectively and effectively deliver signals to ...
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We found that both phasic increases and decreases in the discharge rate of STN neurons accompany the production of speech. In this study, subjects read aloud syllables presented on a computer screen, a behavioral paradigm that requires a series of neural events beginning from processing the visual cue to activating motor commands for the vocal organ. Neural events that occur early in this series, such as processing of the visual cue and forming a phonological plan, might be expected to be time-locked to cue presentation. Events that occur later in the series, such as forming and executing the motor speech plan, might be expected to be time-locked to speech output. We showed that decrease-type responses are predominantly locked to cue presentation and increase-type STN responses are predominantly locked to the onset of speech. These findings suggest that STN inhibition may be associated with early, cognitive aspects of speech production, while STN excitation may be associated with later, motor ...
Rotationally symmetric operations in the image domain may give rise to shape distortions. This article describes a way of reducing this effect for a general class of methods for deriving 3-D shape cues from 2-D image data, which are based on the estimation of locally linearized distortion of brightness patterns. By extending the linear scale-space concept into an affine scale-spacerepresentation and performing affine shape adaption of the smoothing kernels, the accuracy of surface orientation estimates derived from texture and disparity cues can be improved by typically one order of magnitude. The reason for this is that the image descriptors, on which the methods are based, will be relative invariant under affine transformations, and the error will thus be confined to the higher-order terms in the locally linearized perspective mapping.. ...
Supplementary MaterialsSupplementary information 41467_2019_10868_MOESM1_ESM. cues got little effect on ferrets efficiency, or on neural spatial tuning. A subpopulation of neurons encoded spatial placement?regularly across localisation cue type. Furthermore, neural firing pattern decoders outperformed two-channel model decoders using populace activity. Together, these observations suggest that A1 encodes the location of sound sources, as opposed to spatial cue values. test, test, test, test, test, test, test, Bonferroni-corrected test, p 0.05). To elucidate whether models were representing the buy Geldanamycin spatial location of sounds independently of their underlying spatial cues, we contrasted the number of models that were useful about sound location across conditions in which unique binaural cues were offered (i.e., LPN, made up of ITDs, and either HPN or BPN, which did not contain fine-structure ITDs). We found that subpopulations of recorded cells were able to provide cue-independent ...
Smoking cue-exposure research has provided a powerful tool for examining cravings in the laboratory. A key attraction of this method is that tightly controlled experimental procedures can model craving experiences that are presumed to relate to addiction. Despite its appeal, key assumptions underlying the clinical relevance of smoking cue-reactivity studies have been questioned recently. For both conceptual and methodological reasons it may be difficult to tease apart cue-based and abstinence-based cravings. Moreover, conventional cue-reactivity procedures typically generate levels of craving with only minimal clinical relevance. We argue here that sometimes it is unfeasible-and in some instances conceptually misguided-to disentangle abstinence-based and cued components of cigarette cravings. In light of the challenges associated with cue-reactivity research, we offer an alternative approach to smoking cue-exposure experimental research focusing on peak provoked craving (PPC) states. The PPC ...
A series of three experiments was designed to investigate whether the presentation of moving tactile warning signals that are presented in a particular spatiotemporal configuration may be particularly effective in terms of facilitating a drivers response to a target event. In the experiments reported here, participants visual attention was manipulated such that they were either attending to the frontal object that might occasionally approach them on a collision course, or else they were distracted by a color discrimination task presented from behind. We measured how rapidly participants were able to initiate a braking response to a looming visual target following the onset of vibrotactile warning signals presented from around their waist. The vibrotactile warning signals consisted of single, double, and triple upward moving cues (Experiment 1), triple upward and downward moving cues (Experiment 2), and triple random cues (Experiment 3). The results demonstrated a significant performance advantage
An MVPA was used to investigate the association between VTA-based FC and positive expectancy/negative expectancy effects at the between-subject level (Anzellotti et al., 2017; Anzellotti and Coutanche, 2018). First, multivariate FC between the VTA and each voxel in rACC (resulting in a vector pattern of VTA-rACC FC; the number of features equals to the number of voxels in rACC) and between the VTA and each voxel in left NAc (resulting in a vector pattern of VTA-NAc FC; the number of features equals to the number of voxels in NAc) were extracted for each single trial in each subject and averaged across trials for each type of cue. The differences in VTA-based multivariate FC (neutral cue vs low cue or high cue vs neutral cue) were calculated and used to predict the magnitude of conditioned pain responses. Second, the relationship between VTA-based multivariate FC (independent variables, i.e., VTA-rACC multivariate FC and VTA-NAc multivariate FC) and the magnitude of conditioned pain responses ...
Consumers generally prefer products that are easy to interact with. In three studies, we show that this preference arises from the fit between product orientation and monitored situational constraints. Flexible right-handers, who monitor situational constraints, recall product orientations better and prefer products for which the handle is oriented in the direction of the hand used for grasping. When their ability to monitor situational constraints is impaired, the preference for easy-to-grasp products is attenuated. The findings highlight that motor fluency is a relevant cue for decision making when consumers assess how to interact with a product. The implications of these results for embodiment and fluency research are discussed ...
We know that adults contrast sensitivity and spatial resolution are better along the horizontal than vertical meridian -a.k.a. horizontal vertical anisotropy (HVA)- and better in the lower than upper vertical meridian -a.k.a. vertical meridian asymmetry (VMA; Carrasco et al., Spatial Vision 2000, JOV 2002). We also know that for adults the speed of information accrual follows the same pattern, i.e. it is faster along the horizontal meridian and slowest at the North locations (Carrasco et al., VSS 2002). In this study, we investigated the developmental course of these asymmetries with children ages 5-12, by using stimuli of different levels of familiarity, such as shapes, letters and numbers. We used a 4AFC character identification task to determine the presence and extent of the HVA and VMA. Each trial consisted of a central fixation point followed by a 1 stimulus, presented for 50 ms. The stimulus appeared at one of 10 possible eccentricities, ranging from 4 to 13 , along each of the 8 ...
McDermott Handcrafted Cues are the most recognized in the billiard industry. They are known for their quality construction, exotic woods and intricate inlays. Using the latest technology in a state of the art facility along with the finest materials in the world they have become the top brand choice for all players. This McDermott Cue is from the Traditional Series which features the classic all maple shaft for the players who like the feeling and hit that it produces. This cue is complimented by the simplicity of a maple butt then enhanced with McDermotts premium stain and finish process. Made proudly in the U.S.A. with a lifetime warranty including warpage. This Pool Cue Features:. ...
Background/Aims: Previous research found that individual talkers have consistent differences in the production of segments impacting the perception of their speech by others. Speakers also produce mul
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This way if he gets stuck in anxiety mode, I can cue him from a distance and walk through what he can do to diffuse the situation. I would not have put this on cue if George had not offered this up himself. If you put a behaviour on cue that theyre not comfortable offering up naturally, sometimes it BACKFIRES! They will perform the cue, only because youve asked them to but theyre not emotionally ready to deal with the response from the other dog. When they dont offer it up naturally, within context of a situation where theyd naturally use that to cue another dog ...
Each question is worth one half a point unless otherwise indicated.. A researcher performed an experiment on prospective memory (the ability to remember to perform future tasks.) The experiment investigated various types of reminders (cues) to see if each aided prospective memory. The researcher used a factorial, between-subjects design with two independent variables (IVs). The first IV was whether the cue reminded the person when to perform the task or not (Cue When Absent vs Cue When Present - String vs Cue When Present - Post-It Note.) The second IV was whether the cue reminded the person what task to perform or not (Cue What Absent vs Cue What Present.) Twelve people participated in each condition. The number of tasks that each person remembered to perform at the appropriate time are shown below ...
Yet, the mechanisms linking changes in anticipatory activity with the effects of expectation on sensory processing are not fully understood. Here, we study the effects of cue-induced expectation on response dynamics evoked by gustatory selleck kinase inhibitor stimuli. Single-neuron and population responses to unexpected tastants were compared with those evoked by the same, but expected, stimuli. We show that expectation results in rapid coding of stimulus identity and that this phenomenon is mediated by cue-induced anticipatory. priming of GC. Simultaneous multi-area recordings and pharmacological manipulations in behaving rats further indicate that the priming effects of anticipatory cues on cortical activity depend on top-down inputs from the basolateral amygdala (BLA), a component of the anticipatory network (Belova et al., 2007, Fontanini et al., 2009 and Small et al., 2008) involved in taste coding (Fontanini et al., 2009 and Grossman et al., 2008) and with strong connections to GC (Allen ...
The human visual system seems to be equipped with mechanisms to establish whether or not a two-dimensional image represents a view of a structurally possible three-dimensional object. An example is provided by the so-called impossible objects, first described by Penrose & Penrose [1]. These consist of two-dimensional figures at first perceived as representing a projection of a three-dimensional object, but then immediately and effortlessly recognized as an object that cannot actually exist in the form interpreted by the visual system.. Several local cues need to be integrated to detect global inconsistencies in structural information, allowing discrimination between possible and impossible objects; a long-standing debate exists as to the role played by experience with real three-dimensional objects in the development of these abilities [2,3].. Recently, Shuwairi et al. [4] reported that four-month-old infants can discriminate between structurally possible and impossible objects. However, four ...
In case the cue ball is aimed off center (a cut shot), the cue ball will deflect off the tangent line path that a stop/stun shot would take. This is the result of the forward spin adding a component of movement along the original direction of the cue ball.. An interesting thing to note is that, in roughly half ball shots the cue ball is deflected off its original path by approximately 30 degrees. This is a special case that we will study in greater depth when we look at the uses of the half ball shot in positional play.. In the diagram, the light gray line shows the path the cue ball will take once it strikes the object ball. Note how the deflection is lesser than if you had used a stun shot.. Now, that we know what this shot is, how do we go about adding the follow to the cue ball?. As we discussed in the previous article on the stop shot, any cue ball given reasonable time to slide on the table cloth will slowly start rolling forward as the friction from the cloth acting on it. If you hit a ...
We reasoned that placing a reference disc within an array of objects that are obviously not circular may make observers less inclined to assume that the reference disc is circular, in which case they should reduce the weight given to the monocular (image shape) cue for slant. Our results do not support this prediction. Thus people do not appear to consider the shapes of surrounding objects when determining the likelihood of the reference being circular in order to assign a weight to the monocular slant cue. This may be because observers were instructed to consider the array of shapes as a whole, although the probe itself was made up of the circles or ellipses, making it hard to ignore them. It may also be because the observers consider the shapes they saw on previous trials to be just as important as those on the specific trial in question, in accordance with the slow learning shown by Knill (2007). They may also not relate the target to the other items because they consider it to be a different ...
Scientists discovered the worlds first known social cue of safety while observing how different numbers of fruit flies respond to an imminent threat.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Does the explicit task-cuing procedure require an endogenous act of control? In 5 experiments, cues indicating which task to perform preceded targets by several stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs). Two models were developed to account for changes in reaction time (RT) with SOA. Model 1 assumed an endogenous act of task switching for cue alternations but not for cue repetitions. Model 2 assumed no such act. In Experiments 1 and 2, the cue was masked or not masked. Masking interacted underadditively with repetition and alternation, consistent with Model 2 but not Model 1. In Experiments 3 and 4, 2 cues were used for each task. RT was slower for task repetition than for cue repetition and about the same as RT for task alternation, consistent with Model 2 but not Model 1. The results suggest that the explicit task-cuing procedure does not require an endogenous act of control. Clever Hans was a remarkable horse who could add,
The next time a friend tells you that you look sick, hear the person out. We are better than chance at detecting illness in others simply by looking at their faces, according to new research led by a Swedish psychologist. We can detect subtle cues related to the skin, eyes and mouth, said John Axelsson of the Karolinska Institute, who co-wrote the study published Tuesday in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. And we judge people as sick by those cues. Other species
Raje N, Hideshima T, Mukherjee S, Raab M, Vallet S, Chhetri S, Cirstea D, Pozzi S, Mitsiades C, Rooney M, Kiziltepe T, Podar K, Okawa Y, Ikeda H, Carrasco R, Richardson PG, Chauhan D, Munshi NC, Sharma S, Parikh H, Chabner B, Scadden D, Anderson KC. Preclinical activity of P276-00, a novel small-molecule cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor in the therapy of multiple myeloma. Leukemia. 2009 May; 23(5):961-70 ...
With a song -- and several symphonies -- in her heart, Maria Tunicka will kick off the theater-going season Saturday when she conducts a gala performance of the Florida Space Coast Philharmonic, the
11:30AM - 12:30 PM. This support group offers new mothers the opportunity to meet and share experiences with other breast feeding women, and also provides guidance from an expert LCM Lactation Consultant. The Group meets every Wednesday. Groups meet at Little Company of Mary. All mothers and babies are welcome. No registration is necessary. Our goal is to give every mom and baby the best start possible. For lactation information, please call 708.229.5418.. ...
Participants rated 26 words for pleasantness on a 5-point scale. Text on the second page informed participants that each of the cues on the subsequent page would be the beginning of an English word. Their task would be to write a few letters to make each cue into any English word, but they were instructed to write down the first one that came to mind. The next page, which presented the implicit word-stem completion task, contained word stems from 13 words that were previously rated for pleasantness as well as stems from 13 unrated (baseline) words, randomly intermixed. Following completion of the implicit memory task, participants were given instructions for the explicit memory cued recall task. They were told that each of the cues on the subsequent page was the beginning of a word for which they had provided a pleasantness rating earlier. They were instructed to try to complete each cue with the word from the pleasantness-rating list-that is, to explicitly remember the previously rated words. ...
A blog reader asked a great question recently, in response to my comment that I couldnt help myself and repeated Stay, Stay, Stay to Willie when in a dangerous situation at the side of a busy highway. We all know that repeated cues, like the ever popular Sit, Sit, Sit are not exactly best practice in dog training. And yet, they are commonly used, especially by beginners; just go to any Beginning Family Dog Training class and youll hear repeated cues thrown around like confetti at a homecoming parade. It was that very occurrence that helped inspire me to write The Other End of the Leash, about how the evolutionary backgrounds of people and dogs both help us (were both crazy social and insanely playful) and hurt us (direct facial contact is polite to people, rude to dogs). Sit, Sit, Sit sounds a lot like Wooo Woo Woo coming from a chimpanzee, and that is not a random association. But why? Why do we repeat ourselves like agitated apes, and why is it so hard to stop? We all know why it ...
so Ive gone and installed Sound Forge 8.0 and decided to make cue files for a mix. so I know that when making the .cue file you need to do it in minutes...
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Hello all, I have recently inherited a CME/CUE system. Specifically, We are running CME 3.3, AIM-CUE 2.1.1 on a 2821 running 12.3(14)T2. I would like to upgrade to 2.1.3 to resolve a bug that causes CUE to report it is full when it is not.
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have shown that a simple visual technique called subtle gaze direction, in which gentle visual cues are
Animal studies have shown that the hippocampus contains special cells called place cells. These place cells are interesting because their activity seems to indicate not what the animal sees, but rather where the animal is in space as it runs around in a box or in a maze. (See the four cells in the image to the right.). washingtonredskinsgear.com Further, when the animal goes to sleep, those cells tend to reactivate in the same order they did during wakefulness. This apparent retracing of the paths during sleep has been termed hippocampal replay.. More recently, studies in humans - who have deep microelectrodes implanted to help detect the origin of epileptic seizures - have shown place-responsive cells. Place cells in these studies were found not only in the human hippocampus but also in nearby brain regions.. The computation which converts sequences of visual and other cues into a sense of place is a very interesting one that has not yet been fully explained. However, there do exist ...
United States Cellular (NYS: USM) reported earnings on May 4. Here are the numbers you need to know. The 10-second takeawayFor the quarter ended March 31 (Q1), United States Cellular met expectations on revenues and crushed expectations on
Percentage of cues pecked and latency to peck data for screen-peck task 1 (no affect manipulation). Data are means where birds see 17 P cues, 2 NP cues, 2 M cues, 1 NN cues and ...
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Motion-induced blindness (MIB) and Perceptual Filling-in (PFI) are two instances of temporary blindness in which, after prolonged viewing, perceptually salient targets repeatedly disappear and reappear, amidst a field of distracters. Hsu and Yeh (VSS2004) provided an integrated model in which the establishment of surfaces is assumed to cause both these phenomena. In this model, a target is assumed to fade when its surface is perceived to lose its boundary due to either adaptation, or due to the presence of other surfaces that are defined by distractors. A surface representation can be established with the help of various segregation cues, and here we test whether, as the model predicts, any kind of cue can give rise to the same effect. Four different cues were used that were based on (1) motion, (2) binocular disparity, (3) perceptual grouping, or (4) occlusion. The results support our hypotheses that all kinds of surfaces produced the temporary blindness phenomenon.. ...
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Axons elongate under the control of a wide variety of soluble or cell‐bound ligands and matrix‐coated surfaces acting as extracellular guidance cues. Axons are capable of extending over huge distances (a meter or more) and probably encounter different cues along the way. Some of the better‐studied cues include Netrins, Slits, Semaphorins and Ephrins, but there are many others (ODonnell et al, 2009).. Guidance cues interact with receptors located in the growth cone, a specialized structure at the tip of the elongating axon. The growth cone is actin‐rich and can be morphologically divided into distinct regions: (i) a peripheral domain along the outer edge consisting of bundled (filopodia) and branched (lamellipodia) actin filaments, (ii) a central domain of bundled microtubules exiting the axon shaft, and (iii) a transitional zone, occupied by actin filament arcs (Figure 2B; Schaefer et al, 2008). Dynamic, pioneer microtubules transiently enter the peripheral region. Growth cone turning ...
African American smokers show greater brain activations in response to smoking cues, such as images of individuals smoking, than Caucasian smokers, according to researchers at the University of Minnesota. The study, published in the June issue of the journal Addiction Biology, measured increased brain activity in regions associated with emotion and reward, which may explain why African American smokers are less successful than Caucasians at quitting. Led by Kolawole Okuyemi, M.D., M.P.H., director of the Program on Health Disparities Research in the Medical School and associate professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, the study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure participants brain activation while viewing images of African American and Caucasian models who were either smoking (smoking cues) or engaging in everyday activities (neutral cues). We found that African American smokers showed greater brain activations in response to smoking cues, ...
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Analyzing a scene requires shifting attention from object to object. Although several studies have attempted to determine the speed of these attentional shifts, there are large discrepancies in their estimates. Here, we adapt a method pioneered by Carlson et al (2006) that directly measures pure attentional shift times. We also test if attentional shifts can be handled in parallel by the independent resources available in the two cortical hemispheres. We present 10 clocks, with single revolving hands, in a ring around fixation. Observers are asked to report the hand position on one of the clocks at the onset of a transient cue. The delay between the reported time and the veridical time at cue onset can be used to infer processing and attentional shift times. With this setup, we use a novel subtraction method that utilizes different combinations of exogenous and endogenous cues to determine shift times for both types of attention. In one experiment, subjects shift attention to an exogenously ...
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Orienting attention to locations in mnemonic representations engages processes that functionally and anatomically overlap the neural circuitry guiding prospective shifts of spatial attention. The attention-based rehearsal account predicts that the requirement to withdraw attention from a memorized location impairs memory accuracy. In a dual-task study, we simultaneously presented retro-cues and pre-cues to guide spatial attention in short-term memory (STM) and perception, respectively. The spatial direction of each cue was independent of the other. The locations indicated by the combined cues could be compatible (same hand) or incompatible (opposite hands). Incompatible directional cues decreased lateralized activity in brain potentials evoked by visual cues, indicating interference in the generation of prospective attention shifts. The detection of external stimuli at the prospectively cued location was impaired when the memorized location was part of the perceptually ignored hand. The ...
GNU ccd2cue is a CCD sheet to CUE sheet converter. It supports the full extent of CUE sheet format expressiveness, including mixed-mode discs and CD-Text meta-data. It plays an important role for those who need to use optical disc data which is only available in the proprietary sheet format CCD, but dont want to surrender their freedom. It fills an important gap in the free software world because before its conception it was impossible to use complex forms of optical disc data laid out by CCD sheets in a whole/holy free operating system. The GNU ccd2cue documentation is also intended to be a reference documentation for both sheet format specifications. That way we can reverse engineer the secret CCD sheet proprietary format only once and then make the information available for developers in order to benefit all free software users that want their software to be interoperable. The CUE sheet format is not a secret, but with this package we take the opportunity to ensure that its specification is ...
CONCLUSION: The study results suggest that the performance of a cognitive-motor dual-task using auditory cues may influence balance improvements in chronic stroke patients. PMID: 25394396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]...
Patients with chronic dyspnoea may learn to fear situations that cue dyspnoea onset. Such dyspnoea-specific cues may then cause anxiety, and worsen or trigger dyspnoea even before commencement of physical activity. We therefore developed an experimental tool to probe emotional processing of dyspnoea for use with neuroimaging in COPD. The tool consists of a computerised task comprising multiple presentations of dyspnoea-related word cues with subsequent rating of dyspnoea and dyspnoea-anxiety with a visual analogue scale. Following 3 development stages, sensitivity to clinical change was tested in 34 COPD patients undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation. We measured internal consistency, sensitivity to clinical change and convergence with established dyspnoea measures (including Dyspnoea-12). Cronbachs alpha was 0.90 for dyspnoea and 0.94 for anxiety ratings. Ratings correlated with Dyspnoea-12 (dyspnoea: r=0.51, P=0.002; anxiety: r=0.54, P=0.001). Reductions in anxiety ratings following pulmonary
Our perception of the level of carbonation in a beverage often relies on the integration of a variety of multisensory cues from vision, oral-somatosensation, nociception, audition, and possibly even manual touch. In the present study, we specifically investigated the role of auditory cues in the perception of carbonation in beverages. In Experiment 1, participants rated a series of sparkling water samples in terms of their perceived carbonation using a visual analogue scale. The water sounds were modified by changing the loudness and/or frequency composition of the auditory feedback emitted by the water samples. The carbonated water samples were judged to be more carbonated when the overall sound level was increased and/or when the high frequency components (2-20 kHz) of the water sound were amplified. In Experiment 2, we investigated whether the perception of carbonation of physically different water samples (still, semi-sparkling, and sparkling) varied as a function of the distance at which ...
For sale is a very rare Dave Barrenbrugge Custom Cue, these cues are very hard to get and hold value very well and are extremely sought after... This cue is lightly used and is in 90+% condition other than a little chalk in the shafts and the joint protectors having a few marks Brazilian Rosewood forearm Brazilian Rosewood butt sleeve Extremely intricate rings at each location that consists of 9 rings each indexed perfectly Spanish Bull wrap perfectly installed Black phenolic butt cap Black phenolic joint collars Stainless steel Modified 3/8x10 joint pin Butt is 29 & 15.82oz Shaft 1 is 29 & 3.68oz Ferrule 1 is Micarta & 12.75mm Shaft 2 is 29 & 3.64oz Ferrule 2 is Micarta & 12.65mm ...
Its one of those things where absence makes the heart grow fonder, said Jeffrey Grimm, first author of the study, released today, and experimental psychologist with NIDA, which is based in Bethesda, Md. The importance of this is that a lot of people have the idea that cravings get lower over time.. We were kind of expecting to see cravings diminish over time and were surprised to see them progressively increase.. Cues Are Key. In the experiment, researchers focused on cues, or reminders of the drug. For the rats, the cue was a red light that turned on when researchers made the drug available. For humans, cues can range from seeing a bag of cocaine to something as simple as holding a rolled-up dollar bill.. When addicts receive the cue, their cravings for cocaine intensify.. Dr. Herbert Kleber, director of the division of substance abuse at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, said the new study reinforces findings drug craving from a study he authored in ...
Alcoholism is a chronic relapsing and remitting disorder, where relapse to drinking is often triggered by an intense desire for alcohol (craving) and the consequent motivation to obtain alcohol (seeking). Environmental stimuli (cues) associated with past alcohol use are believed to strongly contribute to relapse, as exposure to these cues can trigger intense feelings of craving and drive alcohol seeking. Over the past several decades, much progress has been made in identifying the neurobiological correlates of alcohol seeking and relapse. Much of this progress is owed to the development of animal models and advanced techniques to manipulate neural activity. In this chapter, we describe some of the most commonly used rodent models of alcohol intake and seeking as well as the methods used to identify the neural structures and circuits involved in alcohol-mediated behavior. Several of the most routinely identified brain structures in alcohol seeking are also described.
Desert ants are fascinating organisms for studying navigation because they inhabit an environment with few local cues but impressive distant visual cues such as tall mountains. Navigating back to the nest after foraging can be challenging with few local cues. Can insects use their panoramic view of the skyline to navigate? The answer is yes.…
Background Adolescent risk-taking, including behaviors resulting in injury or death, has been attributed in part to maturational differences in mesolimbic incentive-motivational neurocircuitry, including ostensible oversensitivity of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) to rewards. Methodology/Principal Findings To test whether adolescents showed increased NAcc activation by cues for rewards, or by delivery of rewards, we scanned 24 adolescents (age 12-17) and 24 adults age (22-42) with functional magnetic resonance imaging while they performed a monetary incentive delay (MID) task. The MID task was configured to temporally disentangle potential reward or potential loss anticipation-related brain signal from reward or loss notification-related signal. Subjects saw cues signaling opportunities to win or avoid losing $0, $.50, or $5 for responding quickly to a subsequent target. Subjects then viewed feedback of their trial success after a variable interval from cue presentation of between 6 to17 s. Adolescents
Another study found that cross-modal integration of touch and vision for distinguishing size and orientation is available from at least 8 years of age.[83] For pre-integration age groups, one sense dominates depending on the characteristic discerned (see visual dominance).[83] A study investigating sensory integration within a single modality (vision) found that it cannot be established until age 12 and above.[82] This particular study assessed the integration of disparity and texture cues to resolve surface slant. Though younger age groups showed a somewhat better performance when combining disparity and texture cues compared to using only disparity or texture cues, this difference was not statistically significant.[82] In adults, the sensory integration can be mandatory, meaning that they no longer have access to the individual sensory sources.[86] Acknowledging these variations, many hypotheses have been established to reflect why these observations are task-dependent. Given that different ...
Cues present during cocaine self-administration become associated with the drug and if encountered during abstinence, increase the probability of relapse. However, despite much research on human relapse, including the use of animal behavioral models, the way in which relapse-inducing cues are interpreted by the user has remained elusive. Recent theories propose that, after long experience with self administration, drug taking shifts from goal-directed to a habit-like behavior, and therefore cues induce relapse automatically, thus bypassing information processing related to the consequences of relapse. But an alternative hypothesis is that relapse-inducing cues produce an expectation of the drugs consequences, triggering a goal-directed relapse. In animal behavioral experiments, a common procedure used to discriminate between habit and goal-directed responding is reward devaluation: if responding occurs despite devaluation, then the response is considered a habit, or automatic behavior; whereas, ...
Cognitive control can be triggered in reaction to previous conflict, as suggested by the finding of sequential effects in conflict tasks. Can control also be triggered proactively by presenting cues predicting conflict (proactive control)? We exploited the high temporal resolution of ERPs and controlled for sequential effects to ask whether proactive control based on anticipating conflict modulates neural activity related to cognitive control, as may be predicted from the conflict-monitoring model. ERPs associated with conflict detection (N2) were measured during a cued flanker task. Symbolic cues were either informative or neutral with respect to whether the target involved conflicting or congruent responses. Sequential effects were controlled by analyzing the congruency of the previous trial. The results showed that cueing conflict facilitated conflict resolution and reduced the N2 latency. Other potentials (frontal N1 and P3) were also modulated by cueing conflict. Cueing effects were most evident
The easiest way to jump into controllerism is to experiment with cue-point juggling. Cue juggling differs from the turntablists standard, beat juggling, because you are jumping between different points within a song. That can be done with two different songs or two copies of the same song, depending on the routine.. The key is to consistently place your cue points so that they make sense to your brain and are easy to work with on the fly. I often place five cue points on every song in a consistent manner so each cue is placed on a different hit or sound that I would like to sample in a logical progression through the track. The first cue point always goes on the first down beat - usually a kick. And if the software supports it, I always make this cue a load marker, so the song always starts at the right spot. Then the next cue is always placed on the second hit - usually a snare or similar sound - so my kick and snare are always right next to each other for freestyle drumming. The third cue ...
BACKGROUND: Knowledge graphs can represent the contents of biomedical literature and databases as subject-predicate-object triples, thereby enabling comprehensive analyses that identify e.g. relationships between diseases. Some diseases are often diagnosed in patients in specific temporal sequences, which are referred to as disease trajectories. Here, we determine whether a sequence of two diseases forms a trajectory by leveraging the predicate information from paths between (disease) proteins in a knowledge graph. Furthermore, we determine the added value of directional information of predicates for this task. To do so, we create four feature sets, based on two methods for representing indirect paths, and both with and without directional information of predicates (i.e., which protein is considered subject and which object). The added value of the directional information of predicates is quantified by comparing the classification performance of the feature sets that include or exclude it. ...
Find everything You need to know about Monocular Cues Guide in this detail. Interposition, relative size, depth from motion, and much more explained!
BackgroundPrevious studies of learning to adapt reaching movements in the presence of novel forces show that learning multiple force fields is prone to interference. Recently it has been suggested that force field learning may reflect learning to manipulate a novel object. Within this theoretical framework, interference in force field learning may be the result of static tactile or haptic cues associated with grasp, which fail to indicate changing dynamic conditions. The idea that different haptic cues (e.g. those associated with different grasped objects) signal motor requirements and promote the learning and retention of multiple motor skills has previously been unexplored in the context of force field learning.Methodology/Principle FindingsThe present study tested the possibility that interference can be reduced when two different force fields are associated with differently shaped objects grasped in the hand. Human subjects were instructed to guide a cursor to targets while grasping a robotic
TY - JOUR. T1 - Gating by inhibition during top-down control of willed attention. AU - Bengson, Jesse J.. AU - Liu, Yuelu. AU - Khodayari, Natalia. AU - Mangun, George R. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - In natural settings, the control of attention may be influenced both by external information as well as internal decision-making processes driven by intent (e.g. free will). In past studies of spatial attention, we and others have developed experimental paradigms that permit individuals to choose where to direct their attention on a trial-by-trial basis in the absence of instructive external cues - we term this willed attention. Here we investigate the electrophysiological correlates of willed attention by recording EEG activity when subjects decided to focus covert attention on one of two lateralized target locations versus when they decided to maintain attention at fixation. Independent of the direction of attention, decisions to attend, relative to decisions not to attend, resulted in ...
Studies of visual attention in monkeys typically measure neuronal activity when the stimulus event to be detected occurs at a cued location versus when it occurs at an uncued location. But this approach does not address how neuronal activity changes relative to conditions where attention is unconstrained by cueing. Human psychophysical studies have used neutral cueing conditions and found that neutrally cued behavioral performance is generally intermediate to that of cued and uncued conditions (Posner et al., 1978; Mangun and Hillyard, 1990; Montagna et al., 2009). To determine whether the neuronal correlates of visual attention during neutral cueing are similarly intermediate, we trained macaque monkeys to detect changes in stimulus orientation that were more likely to occur at one location (cued) than another (uncued), or were equally likely to occur at either stimulus location (neutral). Consistent with human studies, performance was best when the location was cued, intermediate when both ...
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Victor Carrasco, the leading rider at the Laurel Park summer meeting, will be sidelined this weekend as he continues to recover from a foot injury he sustained Sunday.
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She let me know when she was ready for each progression through her relaxed and happy body language, and I just made sure interactions were quick at first then added duration until she was able to make the right decisions on her own. I just rewarded her for the polite response and calm, friendly body language, each step of the way, always, always noticing if she slightly tensed up...we backed away and created distance, teaching her...if shes uncomfortable...retreat and leave. I call it, retreat with honour...I think its from an article I read from Dr. Ian Dunbar. Thats it ...
Astrocyte-based mechanism of working memory (WM). A Simulated firing activity of a cortical neuron before, during and after the presentation of a stimulatory cue (purple bar). B The same cue induces persistent firing activity in presence of astrocyte-mediated synaptic facilitation for more than 10 seconds (red shade). C Astrocyte-mediated facilitation results in bistability of synaptic release. D Synaptic release enhanced by the astrocyte may outlast the stimulatory cue as long as the astrocyte is kept active by the very synaptic stimuli impinging on the astrocyte. E The resulting neuronal firing statistics is more irregular in presence of the astrocyte, as marked by (F) a coefficient of variation (CV) larger than 1 after presentation of the cue (purple shade). ...
Research conducted by the Vision Group is aimed at a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying a variety of visual phenomena and of the links between visual perception and action. Our interests include the properties of visual attention and of spatial maps, visual perception during eye and head movements, the information and use of multiple cues for the perception of depth and motion, the perception of duration of visual events, and visual decision processes. We also do research on hearing and touch, especially in their interactions with and analogies to vision. Our methodological approaches are mostly experimental (visual psychophysics) with links to modeling and brain imaging ...
Pool Cues, Pool Sticks and Cue Sticks Ask any great player and theyll tell you that the most import piece of equipment that a pool player can own would is a...
Cognitive mechanisms mediating mental illness. More recently I have been using lab-based paradigms to measure selective attention an working memory and their interactions in individuals who may be vulnerable to develop depression or bipolar disorder. This work is in collaboration with my clinical colleagues Drs Thomas Meyer and Dr Mark Papworth.. Perception and fine art. Together with Dr Quoc Vuong, we are interested in the perceptual cues that observers may use to judge the aesthetics of an image and how these cues impact on their memory and cognition? Our projects are lab-based and investigate the relationship between our appreciation of art and our perceptual and higher-order cognitive mechanisms. ...
One of the most fundamental questions in crossmodal attention research concerns the extent to which people can selectively direct their attention toward a particular sensory modality such as, for example, audition, at the expense of the processing of stimuli presented in the other modalities. Spence and his colleagues have conducted a number of studies showing that voluntarily (i.e., endogenously) attending to one sensory modality can result in the facilitation of peoples (speeded) spatial discrimination responses to stimuli presented in that modality when compared to situations in which their attention has been directed to another modality instead (Spence et al., 2000a, 2001a, 2002; see also Ashkenazi & Marks, 2004). The presentation of a non-predictive cue stimulus in a particular modality has also been shown to result in the short-lasting exogenous orienting of attention toward the modality in which the cue was presented (see Spence et al., 2001 a; Turatto et al., 2002, 2004). Interestingly, ...
We develop and test a model that suggests that expectations influence subjective usability and emotional experiences and, thereby, behavioral intentions to continue use and to recommend the service to others. A longitudinal study of 165 real-life users examined the proposed model in a proximity mobile payment domain at three time points: before use, after three weeks of use, and after six weeks of use. The results confirm the short-term influence of expectations on users evaluations of both usability and enjoyment of the service after three weeks of real-life use. Users evaluations of their experiences mediated the influence of expectations on behavioral intentions. However, after six weeks, users cumulative experiences of the mobile payment service had the strongest impact on their evaluations and the effect of pre-use expectations decreased. The research clarifies the role of expectations and highlights the importance of viewing expectations through a temporal perspective when evaluating ...
I remember when I was in the first days, weeks and months of early recovery I used to give myself such a hard time when my attention was drawn to some alcohol-related cue, like someone drinking ,or finding it difficult not dealing with some reminder of people places and things from my alcohol abusing past; finding…
I dont think Savage or many other practitioners of open marriages will go on to celebrate their Golden Annniversary.....Fidelity is not an ancillary feature of marriage, like giving up sweets for Lent is for religion. It is the whole point and purpose of marriage, like believing in Christ is for Christians.....Nothing burns down a relationship quicker than infidelity. Well, fire and ice. Money will tear couples asunder, but it takes longer.....Monogamy is harder for men, but, in the long run, they come out ahead. The wives of many here would prefer to be one of Brad Pitts wives or, perhaps, even his concubine. However, in our society, that option is not open to them. They have to settle for you.....Also, after a while, theres a kind of monotony and superficiality to promiscuity that wears you down. There is actually more complexity and change in a married relationship than in a quickie. In my married life, I was never an adulterer, but I have been promiscuous. I would presume that adultery is ...
Percentage of cues pecked and latency to peck data for screen-peck task 1 (no affect manipulation). Data are means where birds see 17 P cues, 2 NP cues, 2 M cues, 1 NN cues and ...
Raising Islands.. I borrow the name of this blog, gratefully and with permission, from my friend Nainoa Thompson. He uses the term raising islands out of the sea to create in the mind the experience of a voyaging canoe coming up on a distant shore, and of watching distant peaks rise out of the sea as the canoe approaches. The first time I did it with him, our vehicle was the voyaging canoe Hokulea and the island was Nihoa. I recall the crews thrill at dawn, seeing the twin peaks of the island appear, and then the saddle between them, and finally the whole island. Thompson was the non-instrument navigator who had brought us there using only stars, clouds, wind, seas, birds and other cues.. The name of this blog also invokes the idea of responsibility-raising as lifting up, as caring for and conserving.. The key to responsibility is understanding. If we are to care for these islands, we need the kind of understanding of the environment that a traditional navigator needs. ...
Raising Islands.. I borrow the name of this blog, gratefully and with permission, from my friend Nainoa Thompson. He uses the term raising islands out of the sea to create in the mind the experience of a voyaging canoe coming up on a distant shore, and of watching distant peaks rise out of the sea as the canoe approaches. The first time I did it with him, our vehicle was the voyaging canoe Hokulea and the island was Nihoa. I recall the crews thrill at dawn, seeing the twin peaks of the island appear, and then the saddle between them, and finally the whole island. Thompson was the non-instrument navigator who had brought us there using only stars, clouds, wind, seas, birds and other cues.. The name of this blog also invokes the idea of responsibility-raising as lifting up, as caring for and conserving.. The key to responsibility is understanding. If we are to care for these islands, we need the kind of understanding of the environment that a traditional navigator needs. ...
Cued recall[edit]. Many studies use cued recall to retrieve memories.[15] In its basic form, the experimenter gives the ... However, there are several objections to the cue method. One memory is recorded per cue word, so it can be difficult to know ... Therefore, cues may influence which memories are accessible at any given time even though there may be many more available ... It may be a problem if participants are not asked to record the earliest memory they can recall which relates to the cue. If ...
Visual cues[edit]. Since they are nocturnal, the moths tend to feed on flowers that open or produce nectar at twilight or ... Olfactory cues[edit]. Olfaction also plays an important role in feeding for the moth. Many of the hawkmoth flowers contain a ... Therefore, it has been hypothesized that both visual and olfactory cues play a role in the feeding behavior of D. elpenor.[7] ... It utilizes spacial cues and motion-detecting neurons to steady itself.[19] ...
Cued recall[edit]. Cued recall is when a person is given a list of items to remember and is then tested with cues to remember ... retrieval occurs spontaneously as the result of sensory cues as well as internal cues, such as thought or intention. These cues ... Cues act as guides to what the person is supposed to remember. A cue can be virtually anything that may act as a reminder, e.g ... Cued recall also plays into free recall because when cues are provided to a subject, they will remember items on the list that ...
Other Cues for 3D Space Localization[edit]. Monaural cues[edit]. The human outer ear, i.e. the structures of the pinna and the ... Dynamic binaural cues[edit]. When the head is stationary, the binaural cues for lateral sound localization (interaural time ... These cues are also used by other animals, but there may be differences in usage, and there are also localization cues which ... especially visual cues. Having localized a sound within the circumference of a circle at some perceived distance, visual cues ...
Genetic cues[edit]. One possible method of kin selection is based on genetic cues that can be recognized phenotypically.[9] ... Signals are distinct from cues in that evolution has selected for signalling between both parties, whereas cues are merely ... Environmental cues[edit]. There are two simple rules that animals follow to determine who is kin. These rules can be exploited ... McClinktock, W. J.; Uetz, G. W. (1996). "Female choice and pre-existing bias: Visual cues during courtship in two ...
Olfactory cues[edit]. Mammalian studies[edit]. Mammalian olfactory cues play an important role in the coordination of the ... Mammalian olfactory cues play an important role in the coordination of the mother infant bond, and the following normal ... Olfactory cues are widespread within parental care to assist in the dynamic of the mother-infant relationship, and later ... Amniotic fluid is one of the primary olfactory cues that the ewe is exposed to after birth, allowing her to be attracted to any ...
Visual cues. Behavioral studies have confirmed that sharks can take visual cues in order to discriminate between different ...
Modern cue sticks are generally 58.5 inches (148.6 cm) long for pool while cues prior to 1980 were designed for straight pool ... Pool is a classification of cue sports played on a table with six pockets along the rails. , into which balls are deposited.[1] ... 0.127 mm).[9][10] Modern coin-operated pool tables generally use one of three methods to distinguish and return the cue ball to ... The goal of eight-ball, which is played with a full rack of fifteen balls and the cue ball, is to claim a suit (commonly ...
Behavioral cues[edit]. Odor perception is a complex process involving the central nervous system and can evoke psychological ... An odor can cue recall of a distant memory. Most memories that pertain to odor come from the first decade of life, compared to ... Body odor is a sensory cue critical for mate selection in humans because it is a signal of immunological health. Women prefer ... Studies have suggested that people might be using odor cues associated with the immune system to select mates. Using a brain- ...
... can be determined by their cuticular hydrocarbon cues.[10] Specific cues increase with queen ovary development and decrease ... Fertility cues[edit]. Another form of communication found in D. saxonica regards fertility. As with other social insects, there ... D. saxonica has been found to use chemical signaling in a lot of behaviours, such as alarm calls, fertility cues, and chemical ... The queen's signal is a chemical cue from pheromones that is believed to decrease as the colony matures, thus allowing more ...
Social cues. A drunk man vomiting, while a young slave is holding his forehead. Brygos Painter, 500-470 BC ...
Fail On Cue[edit]. Fail On Cue was released in January 2008 on Fowl Records. Some of the new songs on the album are "Mutha ...
Cue-familiarity theory[edit]. Cue-familiarity theory suggests that the strong feelings elicited by recognizing a familiar cue ... It has been found that cues that are repetitive tend to create more TOTs than if one single cue is given.[2] This might suggest ... The blocking hypothesis states that retrieval cues elicit the retrieval of a word related to the target that then blocks the ... The hypothesis that blockers act more like retrieval cues is mainly supported by the idea of phonological similarities between ...
Cue combination vs. causal inference models[edit]. With the assumption of independence between various sources, traditional cue ... response latencies are significantly lower when stimuli are presented in multi-cue over single-cue conditions.[82] Conversely, ... However, in certain cases, for example visual cues, intermodal integration is avoided.[82]. Another study found that cross- ... To fully understand the other two types, we have to use causal inference model without the assumption as cue combination model ...
Robert Cialdini, in Influence, his book on persuasion, defined six "influence cues or weapons of influence":[30] Influence is ...
Nicholson, Stephen P. (1 January 2012). "Polarizing Cues". American Journal of Political Science. 56 (1): 52-66. doi:10.1111/j. ...
... cues. "Rock & Roll Jeopardy!". IMDb. Retrieved 19 January 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Austen, Jake (2005). TV ...
"CUES Advantage: July 5, 2016". CUES. Retrieved 2016-11-03. "The 6 Best Summer Vacation Savings Accounts". Go Banking Rates. ...
"Share Your Story: Baltimore branding event tells attendees how to spin a good CU yarn". CUES. CUES. 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2008- ... CUES. CUES. 2006-10-04. Retrieved 2008-06-23.[permanent dead link] EverythingCU.com Press release from the World Council of ...
Because technology may provide a perceived buffer from regular consequences and an actual buffer from traditional social cues, ...
Visual landscape cues: *Téterchen wind turbines, with a maximum height of 127 meters rising to 500 meters; ...
Genetic cuesEdit. One possible method of kin selection is based on genetic cues that can be recognized phenotypically.[9] ... Signals are distinct from cues in that evolution has selected for signalling between both parties, whereas cues are merely ... Environmental cuesEdit. There are two simple rules that animals follow to determine who is kin. These rules can be exploited, ... Buchwald, Robert; Breed, Michael D. (2005). "Nestmate recognition cues in a stingless bee, Trigona fulviventris". Animal ...
In humans, hearing loss may result in an unbalanced representation of speech cues: ENVn cues are enhanced at the cost of TFSn ... A dichotomy between slow "temporal envelope" cues and faster "temporal fine structure" cues has been proposed to study several ... cues. As for FM detection, the current view assumes that in the normal auditory system, FM is encoded via TFSn cues when the FM ... These cues arise from the interaction of different modulation rates, previously described as "beating" in the envelope- ...
"Cue It Up; A billards Podcast". Cue It Up Podcast. Retrieved 3 September 2019. "Первенство Москвы 2008 по пулу среди юниоров, « ... Predator Cues. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) " ... "Kristina Tkach - Interview". Cue It Up; A Billiards Podcast. Retrieved 3 September 2019. " ...
Wilson, Bill (24 April 2015). "Snooker looks to cue up more big breaks in China". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 ... Everton, Clive (2012). Black Farce and Cue Ball Wizards: The Inside Story of the Snooker World. Edinburgh: Mainstream ... Everton, Clive (16 January 1980). "Cues aplenty". The Guardian. London. p. 20. Kastner, Hugo. "Snooker - Spieler, Regeln & ... the cue sport was popular in the British Isles. However, in the modern era, which started in 1969 when the World Championship ...
"Commercial information about the Joss 10-N7 model pool cue". Joss Cues. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Levy, Shawn ... Standing in for the extremely valuable "Balabushka" cue in the movie was actually a Joss J-18 (which later became the Joss 10- ... Manipulating Vincent's insecurities about Carmen and giving him a valuable Balabushka cue stick, Eddie persuades him to accept ...
"Henrik Larsson - Predator Cues". Predator Cues. Retrieved 16 March 2020. "HENRICK LARSSON CLAIMS 9-BALL WORLD WHEELCHAIR TITLE ...
... pool cues; and safety gear such as hard hats. Between 1935 and 1945, Westinghouse's Power-Aire desk fans used blades made of ...
"Craft Cues". Sakal Times. Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 18 December 2020. Bose, Indrani (17 ...
Predator Cues". Predator Cues. Retrieved 8 January 2019. "2015 Dafabet World Cup of Pool - Qatar march on as Philippines exit ...
Cue (disambiguation). This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cue sheet.. If an internal link led you ... A list of theatrical cues with timing and volume/intensity information. *The Cue Sheet, the quarterly journal of The Film Music ... Cue sheet (computing), a text file that details the layout of tracks on a compact disc ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cue_sheet&oldid=562348770" ...
Modern cue sticks are generally 58.5 inches (148.6 cm) long for pool while cues prior to 1980 were designed for straight pool ... Pool is a classification of cue sports played on a table with six pockets along the rails. , into which balls are deposited.[1] ... 0.127 mm).[9][10] Modern coin-operated pool tables generally use one of three methods to distinguish and return the cue ball to ... The goal of eight-ball, which is played with a full rack of fifteen balls and the cue ball, is to claim a suit (commonly ...
What can parents do to help prevent a child, usually a daughter, from developing an eating disorder? Here are some guidelines:* Encourage her to take control, not of food and her body, but of issues
An ESRI business partner, CUES developed an integrated soluti ... An ESRI business partner, CUES developed an integrated solution ...
Eddy Cue is Apples senior vice president of Internet Software and Services and a member of Apples executive leadership team. ... Eddy Cue is Apples senior vice president of Internet Software and Services, reporting to CEO Tim Cook. ...
A large number of studies have examined human perception of rigid 3D shapes from motion cues (1-5); however, very few have ... 1994) Gender discrimination in biological motion displays based on dynamic cues. Proc R Soc Lond B 258:273-279. ... 2006) Humans ignore motion and stereo cues in favor of a fictional stable world. Curr Biol 16:428-432. ... 1), thus removing texture and density cues to 3D shape. The cylinders were presented in proper perspective for the position of ...
CHICAGO-Blame it on biology, physiology, conformity and organizational silence, but companies often ignore or disregard cues ...
Language , COMMUNICATION CUES Mar 13, 2017 Polish woman becomes shogi queen. A Polish woman has become the first foreign female ... Language , COMMUNICATION CUES Feb 20, 2017 Divorcee marriages hit historic high. About 1 in 4 marriages in the nation involved ... Language , COMMUNICATION CUES Mar 20, 2017 Premium Friday campaign kicks off. The government-backed Premium Friday campaign ... Language , COMMUNICATION CUES Mar 27, 2017 Yamato Transport considers hiking prices. Yamato Transport Co., the nations leading ...
... is associated both with the cue stimulus (which may be the immediately preceding thought process or an external event) and with ... and is thus evoked with more strength than are elements associated only with the cue stimulus or the motivational condition. ... is associated both with the cue stimulus (which may be the immediately preceding thought process or an external event) and with ... and is thus evoked with more strength than are elements associated only with the cue stimulus or the motivational condition. ...
Check out CUE Art Foundations events, learn more, or contact this organizer. ... CUE Art Foundation is using Eventbrite to organize upcoming events. ... CUE Art Foundation is a dynamic visual arts center dedicated to creating essential career and educational opportunities for ... Through exhibitions, studio residencies, arts education, and public programs, CUE provides artists and audiences with ...
Cue Weekend 2015. Friday 30th October - Sunday 1st November: After the success of last years Cue Weekend, we have booked the ... Cue Club, Exeter - upcoming dates. There have been some changes to Christine Cottoms Cue Club, held at Mill on the Exe in ... Cued Speech - more on the small screen?. Carly Simpson, a freelance Cued Speech Tutor, has approached TV producers for ITVs ... Its a busy time of year for promoting the benefits of Cued Speech and the needs of Cued Speech using children nationally, with ...
"High Blood Pressure May Lead To Missed Emotional Cues." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 6 Nov. 2011. Web.. 21 Aug. 2019 ... In complex social situations like work settings, people rely on facial expressions and verbal emotional cues to interact with ... 2011, November 6). "High Blood Pressure May Lead To Missed Emotional Cues." Medical News Today. Retrieved from. https://www. ...
AT&T, Angies List Take Cues from Groupon. By Olga Kharif @olgakharif More stories by Olga Kharif ...
Using the mouse model, UCLA neurologists have identified the cellular cues that start this process, thus casually linking ... Cellular cues identified for stroke recovery. University of California - Los Angeles. Journal. Journal of Neuroscience. Funder ... Whats not known is what the right cellular environment is, and what the cellular cues are for this process of regeneration and ... Cellular cues identified for stroke recovery New insight into how the brain regenerates after stroke ...
There are two kinds of binocular cues: retinal disparity and convergence. Retinal disparity is a measure of the difference ... Binocular cues are used to estimate distances using both eyes. Monocular cues are also used to estimate distance and use only ... There are two kinds of binocular cues: retinal disparity and convergence. Retinal disparity is a measure of the difference ... Monocular cues include relative size, blocking other objects, relative clearness and parallel lines. ...
... at BellaOnline ... Reviewing Model Me Kids conversation Cues DVD that is presented by middle and high school students demonstrating cues used in ... Cue: Bored. Take Turns. Maintain Conversation. Talk on Topic. Cue: Disbelief. Cue: Confused. My Cues. End Conversation. Each ... Conversation Cues DVD Review. Guest Author - Bonnie Sayers. Conversation Cues is one of the DVDs in the series of Videos for ...
New Delhi: Both the precious metals, silver and gold climbed in the national capital today on sustained buying by stockists for the ongoing marriage season...
Cue the Jaws themeOne of the Shedd Aquarium s zebra sharks rises from the water of a quarantine tank in anticipation of getting ... Cue the Jaws themeOne of the Shedd Aquarium s zebra sharks rises from the water of a quarantine tank in anticipation of getting ... Cue the Jaws themeOne of the Shedd Aquarium s zebra sharks rises from the water of a quarantine tank in anticipation of getting ... Cue the Jaws themeOne of the Shedd Aquarium s zebra sharks rises from the water of a quarantine tank in anticipation of getting ...
... cues. The very fact weve chosen to make some smoke and subject meat to it gives us all the bragging rights we need to make our ... Walsh is high on this cue shack, which he likens to a smoky time capsule. ...
It is recommended that users remain on the latest version of CUE 1.X if they wish to keep their current lighting profiles and ... If youve already got one of our CUE enabled peripherals, you can disable demo mode in the settings menu by checking the option ... Note: Lighting profiles and actions from previous versions of CUE are currently incompatible with CUE2 and will require ... adding a touch of personality to your CUE experience as well as providing a big visual aid for you to easily identify which of ...
Cued Speech is a building block that helps children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing better understand spoken languages. ... Watch Cued Speech in action (no audio) Apple »media icon. Watch Cued Speech in action (no audio) PC » ... Like all building blocks, you can start using Cued Speech when your child is a baby. Experts in Cued Speech can work with you ... Cued Speech allows the child to make out sounds and words when they are using other building blocks, such as speech reading(lip ...
Cue reactivity also predicts relapse in addiction, so treatment approaches targeting the neural circuitry related to cue ... Elevated brain activity in response to drug cues-referred to as cue reactivity-occurs with many types of drugs, including ... "Since cue reactivity has previously been associated with abstinence, these studies suggest a common mechanism for treatment ... Brain imaging before and after TMS revealed that when alcohol users viewed images of alcohol-related cues, such as a liquor ...
Measles Outbreak Cues New Action on Vaccination Rules. Dr. Amanda Porro administers a measles vaccination to Sophie Barquin, 4 ... Published in Print: February 18, 2015, as Measles Outbreak Cues Action on Vaccine Rules Related Stories ...
Reproduction Pheromones Chemical cues Drosophila Seminal fluid proteins Olfaction Gustation This is a preview of subscription ... Yew JY, Dreisewerd K, Luftmann H et al (2009) A new male sex pheromone and novel cuticular cues for chemical communication in ... Dumenil C, Woud D, Pinto F et al (2016) Pheromonal cues deposited by mated females convey social information about egg-laying ... Females use olfaction and taste sensing to select optimal egg-laying sites, integrating cues for the availability of food for ...
How do horses read human emotional cues?. Hokkaido University. Journal. Scientific Reports. Funder. Japan Society for the ... how-do-horses-read-human-emotional-cues/. Related Journal Article. http://dx.. doi.. org/. 10.. 1038/. s41598-018-26892-6 ...
We examined the interaction between motion and stereo cues to depth order along object boundaries. Relative depth was conveyed ... If one cue yields an ambiguous depth order, a second cue may resolve this ambiguity (Pong, Kenner, & Otis, 1990). When two cues ... only the motion cue was degraded, and (3) the reliability of both cues was varied. If the weight given to a particular cue ... also tended to abandon the stereo cue when the motion cue was placed in conflict with a weaker stereo cue. It is possible that ...
New brain scan study shows that brains of women with bulimia process food cues differently, possibly explaining why acute ... After each of the three tasks - the first viewing of the food cues, the stress task, and then the second viewing of the food ... The MRI brain scans of the women with bulimia showed that as they viewed the food cues shown to them after the stress task, ... Researchers have come to the conclusion that the brains of women with bulimia respond to and process food cues in different ...
Bilal, G; Cue, R.I.; Mustafa, A; Hayes, J. F. 2014. Effects of parity, age at calving and stage of lactation on fatty acid ... Gonçalves, J. L., Cue, R. I., Lima Netto, E. P., Gameiro, A. H., and dos Santos, M. V. VIII Congresso Brasileiro de qualidade ... Cue, R. I., Delgado, H. A., Haine, D., Sewalem, A., Lacroix, R., Lefebvre, D., Dubuc, J.,Bouchard, E., et Wade, K. M. Forum ... Delgado, H. A., Cue, R. I., Haine, D., Sewalem, A., Lacroix, R., Lefebvre, D., Dubuc, J., Bouchard, E, and Wade, K. M., 2020. ...
Along with your world-class cue, you also have the option of purchasing gas, motor oil, lottery tickets, and, oddly enough, an ... cue. Here, in words and pictures, a belated gift for you. ...
  • Tracking weak global cues, the 30-share index dropped to 10,135.51 at 1100 hrs, a net loss of 400.65 points or 3.71 per cent from its previous close. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Bullion traders said sentiment turned upbeat on firm global cues as the dollar fell after US Federal Reserve officials made cautions comments on the outlook for interest rate hikes, providing boost to dollar-pegged commodities, making them attractive to users of other currencies. (indiatimes.com)
  • In the national capital, gold of 99.9 and 99.5 per cent purity commenced the week higher at Rs 32,150 and Rs 32,000, largely in sync with positive global cues and fresh buying support from local jewellers and advanced further to end at Rs 32,150 and Rs 32,000 per 10 gram respectively, showing a recovery of Rs 80 each. (indiatimes.com)
  • Gold and silver prices gained further at the bullion market in Mumbai today on good buying by stockists and investors amid surging festive offtake, supported by fuelling global cues. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The market will now look for Infosys guidance and global cues for further triggers. (indiatimes.com)
  • Mumbai, July 22 (IANS) A benchmark index for Indian equities Friday closed 286 points higher than its previous close amid positive global cues. (thaindian.com)
  • Market benchmarks closed at new peaks on Monday on account of widespread buying in banking, power and metal stocks, tracking positive global cues as investors welcomed US Federal Reserve's "gradual approach" to raising rates. (rediff.com)
  • Session 14: Make Social Cues Work for You. (cdc.gov)
  • Social cues are occasions that trigger us to behave in a certain way when we're around other people. (cdc.gov)
  • Social cues sometimes make it hard to stay on track with healthy goals. (cdc.gov)
  • Our responses to social cues are usually habits we've formed over a long time. (cdc.gov)
  • The best way to overcome social cues is to stay away from them. (cdc.gov)
  • Not all social cues are problems, those foods are part of a however. (cdc.gov)
  • Some social cues will healthy meal plan that is help you eat healthier and be more combined with plenty of active. (cdc.gov)
  • Social cues are particularly strong at special events such as parties, holidays, or vacations. (cdc.gov)
  • With social cues, at least two people are involved in making a change: you and someone else. (cdc.gov)
  • Not all social cues are problems, however. (cdc.gov)
  • We can change social cues. (cdc.gov)
  • Social cues are powerful at special events such as parties or weddings. (cdc.gov)
  • Challenge us with unusual food and social cues. (cdc.gov)
  • Social Cues is the fifth studio album by American rock band Cage the Elephant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social Cues won the award for Best Rock Album at the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards. (wikipedia.org)
  • On January 31, 2019, the band officially released "Ready to Let Go", the first single from Social Cues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social Cues received generally positive reviews upon its release. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social Cues has an average rating of 6.7 on AnyDecentMusic? (wikipedia.org)
  • Review of Social Cues at AllMusic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Austriancharts.at - Cage the Elephant - Social Cues" (in German). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultratop.be - Cage the Elephant - Social Cues" (in Dutch). (wikipedia.org)
  • Alter spells out research that shows kids who spend a lot of time staring at screens suffer from an inability to empathize and read social cues. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The amygdala is the area of the brain responsible for perceiving social cues, such as facial expressions. (psychcentral.com)
  • This part of the prefrontal cortex is implicated in processing information in the environment that includes social cues, as well as emotional cues, such as whether another person's tone is angry or sad. (psychcentral.com)
  • Social cues help fruit flies know when to freeze in the face of danger and when to resume motion when the threat is gone. (upi.com)
  • Herding or schooling behavior allows animals to take advantage of social cues. (upi.com)
  • Until now, scientists had only identified social cues of danger, a shriek or yelp, for example. (upi.com)
  • In future studies, researchers plan to examine how the brain and neural circuits receive and respond to social cues. (upi.com)
  • It is hard to avoid food cues in our current environment, but people can try some strategies to minimize their exposure by not going into restaurants and using technology to skip food advertisements in TV shows," Joyner said in a university news release. (drugs.com)
  • The relative strength of these cues influenced individual subjects' behavior in conditions of cue conflict and reduced reliability. (springer.com)
  • Tumor reversion: correction of malignant behavior by microenvironmental cues. (nih.gov)
  • When presented with smoking cues, smokers demonstrate distinct evidence of physiological and behavior responses. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Hence, olfactory cues signaling women's levels of reproductive fertility were associated with specific endocrinological responses in men-responses that have been linked to sexual behavior and the initiation of romantic courtship. (neurosciencemarketing.com)
  • This is especially relevant for circumstances where people are trying to ignore cues and improve their behavior, e.g. consuming less alcohol or fast food,' says Dr Watson. (news-medical.net)
  • In regard to nicotine dependence, smoking cues, and the internal states they generate are highly salient 'internal and extrapersonal stimuli', which are known to elicit behavior such as relapse. (nature.com)
  • Fruit flies don't communicate with sound, so they must rely on visual cues. (upi.com)
  • Using subtle visual cues to direct the gazes of radiologists reading mammograms could make the technique more accurate. (livescience.com)
  • The use of multiple cues in mate choice. (nih.gov)
  • A few comparative and empirical studies suggest that most multiple cues are Fisherian attractiveness cues or uninformative cues that occur alongside a viability indicator and facilitate detection, improve signal reception, or are remnants from past selection pressures. (nih.gov)
  • However, much evidence exists tor multiple cues providing additional information and serving as multiple messages that either indicate general mate quality or enable females that differ in mate preferences to choose the most suitable male. (nih.gov)
  • Less evidence exists for multiple cues serving as back-up signals. (nih.gov)
  • The importance of receiver psychology, multiple sensory environments and signal interaction in the evolution of multiple cues and preferences has received surprisingly little attention but may be of crucial importance. (nih.gov)
  • Most theoretical work assumes that the cost of choice increases with the number of cues used, which restricts the conditions under which preferences for multiple cues are expected to evolve. (nih.gov)
  • I suggest that in contrast to this expectation, the use of multiple cues can reduce mate choice costs by decreasing the number of mates inspected more closely or the time and energy spent inspecting a set of mates. (nih.gov)
  • This may be one explanation for why multiple cues are more common than usually expected. (nih.gov)
  • Finally I discuss the consequences that the use of multiple cues may have for the process of sexual selection, the maintenance of genetic variation, and speciation. (nih.gov)
  • Image motion and stereo disparity provide multiple cues to the relative depth of two surfaces meeting at an edge in the image. (springer.com)
  • We propose a Kernel-based Multiple Cue (KMC) algorithm to deal with the above inconsistency of MPEG motion vectors and use multiple cues to segment moving objects. (psu.edu)
  • In addition to substance abuse, elevated cue-reactivity is a core symptom of many diseases, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, traumatic brain injury, smoking, and obesity, said Dr. Hanlon. (elsevier.com)
  • Craving can be elicited through smoking-related cues, such as seeing others smoke, he added. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Exposure to smoking-related cues provides a major barrier to maintaining tobacco abstinence, as smoking cues motivate drug use and relapse ( Ferguson and Shiffman, 2009 ). (nature.com)
  • However, it is still unclear whether AI-dACC interactions impact subsequent processing of salient smoking-related cues. (nature.com)
  • CHICAGO-Blame it on biology, physiology, conformity and organizational silence, but companies often ignore or disregard cues that, left unheeded, cause them to lose their competitive edge, flounder during tough economic times, and drain and disengage their workers. (shrm.org)
  • Attention modification programs, which train a person to ignore or disregard specific, problematic cues or triggers, have been used effectively to treat cases of anxiety and substance abuse. (todaysdietitian.com)
  • In complex social situations like work settings, people rely on facial expressions and verbal emotional cues to interact with others. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This suggests that during acute alcohol intoxication, emotional cues that signal threat are not being processed in the brain normally because the amygdala is not responding as it should be," Phan said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Cue Biopharma, Inc., (CUE) an innovative clinical stage immunotherapy company developing a novel, proprietary class of biologics engineered to selectively modulate the human immune system to treat cancer, autoimmune and chronic infectious diseases, announced today it will present a corporate overview and update at the Jefferies 2019 Healthcare Conference on Thursday, June 6, 2019 at 3:00 pm ET in New York City. (yahoo.com)
  • Cue Biopharma, Inc., (CUE) an innovative immunotherapy company developing a novel, proprietary class of biologics engineered to selectively modulate the human immune system to treat cancer, autoimmune and chronic infectious diseases, announced today it will host a conference call and webcast to provide a business update on May 21, 2019 at 4:30 pm ET. (yahoo.com)
  • Cue reactivity also predicts relapse in addiction, so treatment approaches targeting the neural circuitry related to cue reactivity may directly impact cue-induced relapse in patients. (elsevier.com)
  • Parris Cues are a snooker cue maker headquartered in London. (wikipedia.org)
  • Founded in 1984, the company was started by John Parris as an evolution of a keen interest in Snooker, and the need for maintenance and repair of his own cue. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was decided the best option for repair, whilst maintaining the cue's balance, and therefore playability, was to extend the butt by the same length lost from the tip, but this meant sawing the most famous cue in snooker in two. (wikipedia.org)
  • When kids are asked to detect people's emotions - happy, sad, angry, surprised - based on nonverbal cues, those who spend a lot of time on tech struggle to decipher one emotion from another at a much higher rate than kids who spend more time interacting in the real world, Alter said. (chicagotribune.com)
  • We remain well positioned for continued execution of our development plans for our lead asset CUE-101 which is representative of our IL-2 based CUE-100 series and the continued build out of our pipeline via our proprietary protein engineering approach," said Anish Suri, chief scientific officer and president of Cue Biopharma. (globenewswire.com)
  • Since cue reactivity has previously been associated with abstinence, these studies suggest a common mechanism for treatment effects across disorders, with fMRI serving as a promising neural readout of treatment effects," said Cameron Carter, MD, Editor of Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging . (elsevier.com)
  • To our knowledge, the current study is the first investigation of the neural reactions to food cues following a stressful event in women with bulimia nervosa," says Dr. Collins. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has provided a wealth of information regarding the neural substrates of cue-reactivity, and a recent meta-analysis has identified several cortical brain regions as consistently playing a role in this process ( Engelmann et al, 2012 ). (nature.com)
  • What are some binocular cues? (reference.com)
  • There are two kinds of binocular cues: retinal disparity and convergence. (reference.com)
  • Binocular cues are used to estimate distances using both eyes. (reference.com)
  • Under binocular viewing, the difference in stereo disparity between adjacent image regions provides a direct cue to the depth order of the two surfaces. (springer.com)
  • Associated with his interests in quantitative genetic variation in farm species, Professor Cue is interested in realised and observed responses to selection in farm species as well as linear model methodology and its application to large data sets. (mcgill.ca)
  • The potency of these responses as perceptual cues, however, has seldom been addressed in terms of relevant modifying variables such as exercise intensity, exercise duration, exercise modality, and steady-state vs progressive exercise. (nih.gov)
  • It has been proposed that the impact of physiological responses as perceptual cues is dependent on their availability to conscious monitoring during exercise. (nih.gov)
  • From Psychological Science - Scent of a Woman: Men's Testosterone Responses to Olfactory Ovulation Cues . (neurosciencemarketing.com)
  • CUE - Cue Biopharma, Inc. (yahoo.com)
  • Do Insiders Own Shares In Cue Biopharma, Inc. (NASDAQ:CUE)? (yahoo.com)
  • The big shareholder groups in Cue Biopharma, Inc. (NASDAQ:CUE) have power over the company. (yahoo.com)
  • Members of the Cue Biopharma executive management team will provide an update on the Company's platform and pipeline progress, as well as updates on its strategic objectives and anticipated milestones. (yahoo.com)
  • It is doubtless a positive to see that the Cue Biopharma, Inc. (NASDAQ:CUE) share price has gained. (yahoo.com)
  • CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Aug. 31, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Cue Biopharma, Inc. (NASDAQ: CUE), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company engineering a novel class of injectable biologics to selectively engage and modulate targeted T cells within the body, provided a business update for the second quarter of 2020. (globenewswire.com)
  • We are very pleased with the progress we continue to make advancing CUE-101 through the ongoing Phase 1 monotherapy dose-escalation trial," said Daniel Passeri, chief executive officer of Cue Biopharma. (globenewswire.com)
  • As of June 30, 2020, we had approximately $85 million in cash and marketable securities which will allow us to support the continued development of our Immuno-STAT platform, including the clinical development of CUE-101, into 2022," said Kerri-Ann Millar, chief financial officer of Cue Biopharma, Inc. (globenewswire.com)
  • Members of the Cue Biopharma executive management team will provide an update on the ongoing Phase 1 clinical trial of CUE-101 for the treatment of HPV+ HNSCC, technology platforms and pipeline progress, as well as updates on its strategic objectives and anticipated milestones today, Monday, August 31 at 4:30 p.m. (globenewswire.com)
  • Cue Biopharma, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, is engineering a novel class of injectable biologics to selectively engage and modulate targeted T cells within the body to transform the treatment of cancer, infectious diseases and autoimmune diseases. (globenewswire.com)
  • The first notable major cue repair was performed in 1987, when Steve Davis's cue snapped at the ferrule, whilst playing in the Rothman's Grand Prix. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major cue used for object segmentation is the motion information, which is initially extracted from MPEG motion vectors. (psu.edu)
  • Entered into a research collaboration agreement with Dr. Michael Dustin and the University of Oxford to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the activity of its IL-2 based CUE-100 series Immuno-STAT™ (Selective Targeting and Alteration of T cells) Biologics. (globenewswire.com)
  • It is aimed to appeal to both those new to Cued Speech and to experienced cuers who need, for example, research information. (campaign-archive.com)
  • The website will continually be updated by in-house staff to bring the latest news and events, research and media coverage about Cued Speech, both nationally and internationally. (campaign-archive.com)
  • Have you got any stories of personal experiences with Cued Speech or the Association you wish to share? (campaign-archive.com)
  • In the meantime, enjoy the new site, share it with friends, family and professionals, and spread the word about Cued Speech. (campaign-archive.com)
  • After the success of last year's Cue Weekend, we have booked the Slapton Ley Field Centre once more, but this time in autumn for a cooler approach to Cued Speech. (campaign-archive.com)
  • Older kids will partake in informal and incidental learning in the form of nature-based activities carried out by staff at the SLFC, whilst the younger kids will be cared for by professionals in the crèche - with Cued Speech Transliterators and, if needed, BSL interpreters providing access to language. (campaign-archive.com)
  • It's a busy time of year for promoting the benefits of Cued Speech and the needs of Cued Speech using children nationally, with Executive Director Anne Worsfold, tutor Cate Calder and freelance tutor Carly Simpson all delivering important representation across the country. (campaign-archive.com)
  • Anne and our Administration Support Officer, Debbie Hawke, attended an information day in London to learn more about the Local Offer, and how we can ensure that this will benefit Cued Speech-using children. (campaign-archive.com)
  • Anne replied in detail to a government request for feedback on the content of the Mandatory Qualifications for Teachers of the Deaf because she feels strongly that the current qualification guidelines reinforce the expectation of failure and do not take into account the needs and outcomes of children with whom Cued Speech is used. (campaign-archive.com)
  • With all national work Anne works informally with other organisations such as the Communication Trust in order to increase awareness of the needs of Cued Speech-using deaf children. (campaign-archive.com)
  • The group's remit covered BSL and other sign systems and whilst CS is not a 'sign system', Anne's contribution was to ensure that Cued Speech-using children were represented. (campaign-archive.com)
  • Cued Speech is a building block that helps children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing better understand spoken languages. (cdc.gov)
  • When "cueing" English, the person communicating uses eight hand shapes and four places near the mouth to help the person looking tell the difference between speech sounds. (cdc.gov)
  • Cued Speech allows the child to make out sounds and words when they are using other building blocks, such as speech reading (lip reading) or auditory training (listening). (cdc.gov)
  • Like all building blocks, you can start using Cued Speech when your child is a baby. (cdc.gov)
  • Experts in Cued Speech can work with you and your baby. (cdc.gov)
  • Parris Cues' products are exclusively produced at the company's Forest Hill, London, UK workshop. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012, Boeing validated the integration of the next-generation Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System II/h (JHMCS II/h) on the company's F-15 Silent Eagle demonstrator aircraft. (boeing.com)
  • J.D., President and Chief Executive Officer, will provide an overview of the translational-based clinical strategy for the Company's lead program CUE-101, that recently received IND acceptance from the FDA. (yahoo.com)
  • is associated both with the cue stimulus (which may be the immediately preceding thought process or an external event) and with the motivational condition (task, drive stimulus) and is thus evoked with more strength than are elements associated only with the cue stimulus or the motivational condition. (britannica.com)
  • The subjects were initially "trained" to associate an aversive stimulus (the danger cue) with an electrical shock. (psychcentral.com)
  • Dr Watson advises people to try and be strategic about exposure to cues. (news-medical.net)
  • Elevated brain activity in response to drug cues-referred to as cue reactivity-occurs with many types of drugs, including nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine. (elsevier.com)
  • The insula plays a critical role in maintaining nicotine dependence and reactivity to smoking cues. (nature.com)
  • Thus, insula-dACC interactions may be integral in processing salient information such as smoking cues that facilitate continued nicotine use. (nature.com)
  • Collectively, these data provide a more network-level understanding of the insula's role in nicotine dependence and shows a relationship between inherent brain organization and smoking cue-reactivity. (nature.com)
  • These are real children in both a school setting and out in community environments demonstrating various conversation cues for the viewer to take note of. (bellaonline.com)
  • The investigators found that food cues made people feel hungrier and led to the consumption of 220 more calories compared with non-cue environments. (drugs.com)
  • Similarly, sexual conflict has been proposed to result in maladaptive preferences for manipulative cues, and in neutral preferences for threshold cues, but no reliable evidence exists so far. (nih.gov)
  • Led by Kolawole Okuyemi, M.D., M.P.H., director of the Program on Health Disparities Research in the Medical School and associate professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, the study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure participants' brain activation while viewing images of African American and Caucasian models who were either smoking (smoking cues) or engaging in everyday activities (neutral cues). (emaxhealth.com)
  • We found that African American smokers showed greater brain activations in response to smoking cues, versus neutral cues, than Caucasian smokers in various parts of the brain," Okuyemi said. (emaxhealth.com)
  • For the other half of the subjects, the electric shock was replaced with a new, neutral outcome when the same cue was presented. (psychcentral.com)
  • Scientists discovered the world's first known social cue of safety while observing how different numbers of fruit flies respond to an imminent threat. (upi.com)
  • But we are interested in a different type of threat cue, the expression of the defensive behaviors themselves. (upi.com)
  • Mozscreenshots ( https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/QA/Browser_screenshots ) is a tool that regularly takes various screenshots of mozilla-central and sends them to a mailing list for triage to ensure we didn't regress anything. (mozilla.org)
  • At the same time I provide a new categorisation based on the adaptiveness of the preferences and the information content of the cues. (nih.gov)
  • We believe that there is a group of people who are inherently sensitive to food cues and, over time, eating in response to paying attention to food makes them pay even more attention. (todaysdietitian.com)
  • LONDON, Jan 22 (Reuters) - European shares edged lower on Tuesday, keeping within their tight range as investors awaited a cue from key U.S. earnings releases later in the day before attempting fresh push towards new 2-year highs. (reuters.com)
  • Trading of Nifty 50 index futures on the Singapore stock exchange indicates that the Nifty could fall 27 points at the opening bell, tracking mixed cues from other Asian stocks. (business-standard.com)
  • In a study investigating the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for drug addiction, researchers at Medical University of South Carolina are the first to demonstrate that the noninvasive brain stimulation technique can dampen brain activity in response to drug cues in chronic alcohol users and chronic cocaine users. (elsevier.com)
  • Researchers use temperature cues to make the molecules assemble themselves. (eurekalert.org)
  • By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers have come to the conclusion that the brains of women with bulimia respond to and process food cues in different ways than women without the eating disorder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • African American smokers show greater brain activations in response to smoking cues, such as images of individuals smoking, than Caucasian smokers, according to researchers at the University of Minnesota. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Up until now, researchers didn't know whether people's general inability to ignore reward cues is just something we have no control over or whether we do use our executive control processes to constantly work against distractions. (news-medical.net)
  • The results show that people need to be aware that food cues can increase how much they eat, the researchers said. (drugs.com)
  • First, the findings show that humans aren't so evolved that we can't process olfactory cues like other mammals, though we are likely less aware of those cues. (neurosciencemarketing.com)
  • Cue the Jaws themeOne of the Shedd Aquarium s zebra sharks rises from the water of a quarantine tank in anticipation of getting a meal. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Surprisingly, the abilities of observers to correctly infer nonrigid volumetric shapes from motion cues have not been measured, and structure from motion models predominantly use variants of rigidity assumptions. (pnas.org)
  • We show that observers are equally sensitive at discriminating cross-sections of flexing and rigid cylinders based on motion cues, when the cylinders are rotated simultaneously around the vertical and depth axes. (pnas.org)
  • Finally, we show that inexperienced observers are generally incapable of using motion cues to detect inflation/deflation of rigid and flexing cylinders, but this handicap can be overcome with practice for both nonrigid and rigid shapes. (pnas.org)
  • We examined the interaction between motion and stereo cues to depth order along object boundaries. (springer.com)
  • We observed large differences in performance between subjects, ranging from those whose depth order judgments were driven largely by the stereo disparity cues to those whose judgments were dominated by motion occlusion. (springer.com)
  • In this study, we explored the contributions of motion and stereo cues to the assessment of depth order at object boundaries. (springer.com)
  • Many of these motion and stereo cues can be analyzed early in the processing of the retinal image to detect the location of object boundaries prior to the computation of a detailed representation of the 3-D structure and motion of objects in the scene. (springer.com)
  • Motion and stereo cues often provide clear and consistent information about the depth order of surfaces at a boundary and can reinforce one another. (springer.com)
  • The resumption of motion works as a social cue of safety. (upi.com)
  • Walsh is high on this 'cue shack, which he likens to a smoky time capsule. (chron.com)
  • Why did you feel now was the right time to start up Glyph Cue? (formatmag.com)
  • Over time, learning that the "danger cue" is no longer dangerous produces extinction of the fearful response. (psychcentral.com)
  • But this experiment showed - for the first time - that ignoring these cues became harder as soon as participants had to perform a task while also holding other information in their memory. (news-medical.net)
  • But by the time they actually pick up on that cue and look in that direction, the brightness fades and the image looks normal. (livescience.com)
  • Follow her hunger and fullness cues for a positive mealtime. (gerber.com)
  • Advancing CUE-101 into cohort 6 in its ongoing multicenter, open-label, dose escalation Phase 1 monotherapy trial for patients with human papilloma virus-positive recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+ HNSCC). (globenewswire.com)
  • That's why we've collected what you need to know about hunger and fullness cues, picky eating, spit-up, poop problems, allergies and more. (gerber.com)
  • You're just getting to know your baby, and soon enough you'll learn how to recognize their hunger and fullness feeding cues. (gerber.com)
  • Responding when your baby is full by putting down the spoon can help set the stage for good eating habits, letting your baby recognize his own hunger and fullness cues. (gerber.com)
  • people using Braille displays or other tactile interfaces can detect text cues by touch. (w3.org)
  • Constant worrying or stress is the equivalent to the high-memory load scenario of our experiment, impacting on people's ability to use their executive control resources in a way that's helping them manage unwanted cues in the environment. (news-medical.net)
  • If you've already got one of our CUE enabled peripherals, you can disable demo mode in the settings menu by checking the option to "show only connected devices. (corsair.com)
  • Food-related cues, like the smell of burgers or eye-catching menu displays, stimulate brain activity. (drugs.com)
  • Previous studies in the lab showed that in specific situations, freezing is a social cue of danger in rats. (upi.com)
  • Females use olfaction and taste sensing to select optimal egg-laying sites, integrating cues for the availability of food for her offspring, and the presence of other flies and of harmful species. (springer.com)
  • However, Dr. Collins' team notes that while a few studies have looked at how stress and extreme negative emotions impact the brain processing of food cues, these have not included people with bulimia - a finding that surprised them. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • But as you introduce Iron-rich infant cereal and baby food to your Supported Sitter, there's a new set of feeding cues to learn. (gerber.com)
  • Among the multiple factors that can cause obesity is an abnormal neurocognitive or behavioral response to food cues. (todaysdietitian.com)
  • Food-related cues can make people want or crave food more, but don't have as much of an impact on their liking, or the pleasure they get from eating the food," said study lead author Michelle Joyner, a psychology graduate student. (drugs.com)
  • CUE domains also occur in two proteins of the IL-1 signal transduction pathway, tollip and TAB2. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • changing the cue or responding differently to it. (cdc.gov)
  • Our internal cues are influenced by all sorts of other signals streaming in from the outside. (empowher.com)