Cucumovirus: A genus of plant viruses of the family BROMOVIRIDAE, which infect cucurbits and solanaceous plants. Transmission occurs via aphids in a non-persistent manner, and also via seeds. The type species Cucumber mosaic virus, a CUCUMOVIRUS, should not be confused with Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, a TOBAMOVIRUS.Cucumis sativus: A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.Arachis hypogaea: A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.Plants, Toxic: Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.Plant Viral Movement Proteins: Viral proteins that facilitate the movement of viruses between plant cells by means of PLASMODESMATA, channels that traverse the plant cell walls.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.

Design of highly specific cytotoxins by using trans-splicing ribozymes. (1/288)

We have designed ribozymes based on a self-splicing group I intron that can trans-splice exon sequences into a chosen RNA target to create a functional chimeric mRNA and provide a highly specific trigger for gene expression. We have targeted ribozymes against the coat protein mRNA of a widespread plant pathogen, cucumber mosaic virus. The ribozymes were designed to trans-splice the coding sequence of the diphtheria toxin A chain in frame with the viral initiation codon of the target sequence. Diphtheria toxin A chain catalyzes the ADP ribosylation of elongation factor 2 and can cause the cessation of protein translation. In a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model system, ribozyme expression was shown to specifically inhibit the growth of cells expressing the virus mRNA. A point mutation at the target splice site alleviated this ribozyme-mediated toxicity. Increasing the extent of base pairing between the ribozyme and target dramatically increased specific expression of the cytotoxin and reduced illegitimate toxicity in vivo. Trans-splicing ribozymes may provide a new class of agents for engineering virus resistance and therapeutic cytotoxins.  (+info)

Strong host resistance targeted against a viral suppressor of the plant gene silencing defence mechanism. (2/288)

The 2b protein encoded by cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (Cmv2b) acts as an important virulence determinant by suppressing post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS), a natural plant defence mechanism against viruses. We report here that the tomato aspermy cucumovirus 2b protein (Tav2b), when expressed from the unrelated tobacco mosaic tobamovirus (TMV) RNA genome, activates strong host resistance responses to TMV in tobacco which are typical of the gene-for-gene disease resistance mechanism. Domain swapping between Cmv2b, which does not elicit these responses, and Tav2b, revealed functional domains in Tav2b critical for triggering virus resistance and hypersensitive cell death. Furthermore, substitution of two amino acids from Tav2b by those found at the same positions in Cmv2b, Lys21-->Val and Arg28-->Ser, abolished the ability to induce hypersensitive cell death and virus resistance. However, in Nicotiana benthamiana, a species related to tobacco, Tav2b functions as a virulence determinant and suppresses PTGS. Thus, a viral suppressor of the host gene silencing defence mechanism is the target of another independent host resistance mechanism. Our results provide new insights into the complex molecular strategies employed by viruses and their hosts for defence, counter-defence and counter counter-defence.  (+info)

Rearrangements in the 5' nontranslated region and phylogenetic analyses of cucumber mosaic virus RNA 3 indicate radial evolution of three subgroups. (3/288)

Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) has been divided into two subgroups based on serological data, peptide mapping of the coat protein, nucleic acid hybridization, and nucleotide sequence similarity. Analyses of a number of recently isolated strains suggest a further division of the subgroup I strains. Alignment of the 5' nontranslated regions of RNA 3 for 26 strains of CMV suggests the division of CMV into subgroups IA, IB, and II and suggests that rearrangements, deletions, and insertions in this region may have been the precursors of the subsequent radiation of each subgroup. Phylogeny analyses of CMV using the coat protein open reading frame of 53 strains strongly support the further division of subgroup I into IA and IB. In addition, strains within each subgroup radiate from a single point of origin, indicating that they have evolved from a single common ancestor for each subgroup.  (+info)

Host-specific cell-to-cell and long-distance movements of cucumber mosaic virus are facilitated by the movement protein of groundnut rosette virus. (4/288)

The cucumovirus, cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), requires both the 3a movement protein (MP) and the capsid protein (CP) for cell-to-cell movement. Replacement of the MP of CMV with the MP of the umbravirus, groundnut rosette virus (GRV), which does not encode a CP, resulted in a hybrid virus, CMV(ORF4), which could move cell to cell in Nicotiana tabacum and long distance in N. benthamiana. After replacement of the CMV CP in CMV(ORF4) with the gene encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP), the hybrid virus, CMV(ORF4.GFP), expressing both the GRV MP and the GFP, could move cell to cell but not systemically in either Nicotiana species. Immunoelectron microscopic analysis of cells infected by the hybrid viruses showed different cellular barriers in the vasculature preventing long-distance movement of CMV(ORF4) in N. tabacum and CMV(ORF4.GFP) in N. benthamiana. Thus the GRV MP, which shows limited sequence similarity to the CMV MP, was able to support CP-independent cell-to-cell movement of the hybrid virus, but CP was still required for long-distance movement and entry of particular vascular cells required functions encoded by different proteins.  (+info)

Recombination between genomic RNAs of two cucumoviruses under conditions of minimal selection pressure. (5/288)

Recombination is considered to play a key role in RNA virus evolution; however, little is known about its occurrence under natural conditions. We inoculated tobacco plants with wild-type strains of two closely related cucumovirus species: cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and tomato aspermy virus (TAV). RNA from the inoculated leaves of doubly-infected plants was tested for the presence of recombination events in an 0.8-kb central portion of the viral RNA3. Using a sensitive and specific RT-PCR procedure, we amplified recombinant segments of RNA3 in 3 of 82 tobacco plants infected with both viruses. In each plant in which recombinant segments were amplified, several different crossover sites were observed, all of which were located within a short stretch of high sequence similarity. Two plants had both CMV-TAV and TAV-CMV recombinants. In all cases, precise homologous recombination had occurred. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of interspecific recombination between wild-type plant RNA viruses under conditions of minimal selection pressure in favor of the recombinants.  (+info)

Resistance of Capsicum annuum 'Avelar' to pepper mottle potyvirus and alleviation of this resistance by co-infection with cucumber mosaic cucumovirus are associated with virus movement. (6/288)

Capsicum annuum cv. Avelar plants resist systemic infection by the Florida isolate of pepper mottle potyvirus (PepMoV-FL). Immuno-tissue blot analysis for detection of PepMoV-FL infection in selected stem segments revealed that virus moved down the stem in external phloem, and, over time, accumulated to detectable levels throughout stem sections (appearing to accumulate in external and internal phloem) taken from below the inoculated leaf. At 21 days post-inoculation, PepMoV-FL was detected in stem segments one or two internodes above the inoculated leaf; however, no virus was observed in internal phloem in stem segments beyond these internodes. In contrast to these observations, PepMoV-FL was detected in the internal phloem of all internodes of the stem located above the inoculated leaf, with subsequent movement into non-inoculated leaves, in Avelar plants co-infected with PepMoV-FL and cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV-KM). No apparent enhancement of PepMoV-FL accumulation occurred in protoplasts inoculated with PepMoV-FL alone versus a mixed inoculum of PepMoV-FL and CMV-KM. These findings confirm earlier observations that potyvirus movement up the stem of Capsicum species occurs via internal phloem. It is also shown that PepMoV-FL does not accumulate to detectable levels in internal phloem in the stem of Avelar plants, thereby limiting its movement to within the inoculated leaf and lower portions of the stem; however, co-infection of Avelar plants with CMV-KM alleviates this restricted movement, allowing PepMoV-FL to invade young tissues systemically.  (+info)

A single-stranded loop in the 5' untranslated region of cucumber mosaic virus RNA 4 contributes to competitive translational activity. (7/288)

The 5' untranslated region (UTR) of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) RNA 4 confers a highly competitive translational advantage on a heterologous luciferase open reading frame. Here we investigated whether secondary structure in the 5' UTR contributes to this translational advantage. Stabilization of the 5' UTR RNA secondary structure inhibited competitive translational activity. Alteration of a potential single-stranded loop to a stem by substitution mutations greatly inhibited the competitive translational activity. Tobacco plants infected with wild type virus showed a 2.5-fold higher accumulation of maximal coat protein than did plants infected with a loop-mutant virus. Amplification of viral RNA in these plants could not explain the difference in accumulation of coat protein. Phylogenetic comparison showed that potential single-stranded loops of 12-23 nucleotides in length exist widely in subgroups of CMV.  (+info)

Isolation of a putative tobacco host factor interacting with cucumber mosaic virus-encoded 2b protein by yeast two-hybrid screening. (8/288)

The cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-encoded 2b protein has been implicated to play a role in long distance movement of the virus through the plant's transport system. It is unknown, however, how it mediates virus movement and whether any intrinsic components of plant cells also participate in this process. To isolate a host factor that interacts with 2b, the yeast two-hybrid system was used. First, it was found that the 2b protein per se could function as a transcriptional activator in yeast. However, its two carboxyl terminal deletion mutants, 2bdelta98 and 2bdelta95, which lacked 12 and 15 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus respectively, showed complete absence of transcriptional activation in yeast. A tobacco cDNA library expressing the GAL4 activation domain fusion proteins was screened using 2bdelta98 as a bait. A clone named 2bip (2b-interacting protein) was isolated whose translation product apparently interacted with 2b. Consistent with this observation, bacterially expressed GST-2bip fusion protein bound tightly to 2bdelta95 and 2bdelta98 polypeptides in vitro, as well as to the unmodified 2b protein. Nucleotide sequencing and database searches revealed that the amino acid sequence deduced from it was similar to a prokaryotic LytB protein and an unknown protein of Arabidopsis. DNA and RNA gel blot analyses showed that 2bip-related sequences were present in the tobacco genome and that transcripts corresponding to 2bip were expressed constitutively in various plant organs and in response to CMV infection. These results suggest 2bip as a novel host factor that is capable of interacting with CMV2b.  (+info)

*Cucumovirus

... is a genus of viruses, in the family Bromoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently four species ... It is thought that the Cucumovirus is present worldwide. It is known to occur in Eurasia, Australia, Canada, France, India, ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Bromoviridae Genus: Cucumovirus Cucumber mosaic virus Gayfeather mild mottle virus ... colloquially one would say cucumovirus is transmitted by aphids). "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus ...

*Cucumber mosaic virus

It is the type member of the plant virus genus, Cucumovirus. This virus has a worldwide distribution and a very wide host range ... 11: 439 Vegetable MD Online: Bean - Cucumber mosaic Cucumovirus Vegetable MD Online: Virus Diseases of Leafy Vegetables and ... Cucumovirus Plant Viruses Online:Cucumber mosaic host range Crop Knowledge Master: Cucumber Mosaic Virus "Material and Methods ...

*Peanut stunt virus

It is a member of the genus Cucumovirus , the type member of which is Cucumber mosaic virus . The three members of this genus ... Isolation and characterization of a cucumovirus resembling peanut stunt virus from Iran. P. 107. In Proc. 12th Iranian Plant ... ICTVdB ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Peanut stunt virus Plant Viruses Online - Peanut stunt cucumovirus Family Groups ... Cucumovirus ICTVdB - Picture Gallery: Images of CMV Miller, L.E. and Troutman, J.L. 1966. Stunt disease of peanuts in Virginia ...

*Nucleic acid thermodynamics

T. Po; G. Steger; V. Rosenbaum; J. Kaper; D. Riesner (1987). "Double-stranded cucumovirus associated RNA 5: experimental ...

*Taxonomic list of viruses

Cucumovirus Cucumber mosaic virus Gayfeather mild mottle virus Peanut stunt virus Tomato aspermy virus Genus: Ilarvirus ...

*List of MeSH codes (B04)

... cucumovirus MeSH B04.715.464.600 --- potyvirus MeSH B04.715.464.600.600 --- plum pox virus MeSH B04.715.464.725 --- tobamovirus ... cucumovirus MeSH B04.820.464.600 --- potyvirus MeSH B04.820.464.600.600 --- plum pox virus MeSH B04.820.464.725 --- tobamovirus ... cucumovirus MeSH B04.715.081.400 --- ilarvirus MeSH B04.715.081.700 --- oleavirus MeSH B04.715.110.150 --- closterovirus MeSH ... cucumovirus MeSH B04.820.081.400 --- ilarvirus MeSH B04.820.081.700 --- oleavirus MeSH B04.820.087.440 --- hantavirus MeSH ...

*List of genera of viruses

Corticovirus Cosavirus Cp220likevirus Cp8unalikevirus Crinivirus Cripavirus Crocodylidpoxvirus Cryspovirus Cucumovirus ...

*Bromoviridae

Cucumovirus Cucumber mosaic virus Gayfeather mild mottle virus Peanut stunt virus Tomato aspermy virus Genus: Ilarvirus ...
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is one of the causal agents of viral diseases that infected mint (Mentha spp.). CMV is a member of the cucumovirus genus in Bromoviridae family. The virus is naturally transmitted by aphids in a non-persistent manner.During growing season 2007-2008, leaf samples from plants of mint fields with symptoms of viral disease were collected in mint fieldas in Tehran province. The polyclonal antibodies were used to the samples by DAS-ELISA . Some of the tested samples, showed positive reaction against cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) specific antibody. Some of the positive samples which are mechanically inoculated on test plants.Some leaf samples from mint plants with symptoms of yellows and mosaic were showed positived reaction against cucumber mosaic virus specific antibody.To confirm the identify of the virus detected using a specific primer pair of CMV which amplify part of coat protein of CMV . A fragment about 700bp was amplified in Immunocapture reverse transcriptase polymerase
The structure and genetic diversity of a California Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) population was assessed by single-strand conformation polymorphism and nucleotide sequence analyses of genomic regions 2b, CP, MP, and the 3' nontranslated region of RNA3. The California CMV population exhibited low genetic diversity and was composed of one to three predominant haplotypes and a large number of minor haplotypes for specific genomic regions. Extremely low diversity and close evolutionary relationships among isolates in a subpopulation suggested that founder effects might play a role in shaping the genetic structure. Phylogenetic analysis indicated a naturally occurring reassortant between subgroup IA and IB isolates and potential reassortants between subgroup IA isolates, suggesting that genetic exchange by reassortment contributed to the evolution of the California CMV population. Analysis of various population genetics parameters and distribution of synonymous and nonsynonymous mutations revealed ...
Pseudorecombinant and chimeric recombinant strains have been created between two strains of cucumber mosaic virus (I17F-CMV and R-CMV) or between R-CMV and tomato aspermy virus (P-TAV), and their...
Keywords: POSTDOCTORAL POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT IN MOLECULAR EVOLUTION OF PLANT VIRUSES PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Applicants are being sought to fill TWO positions in molecular evolution of plant viruses. Position one will involve molecular population biology, epidemiology, and evolutionary mechanisms of peanut stunt cucumovirus. Several virus collections are already available for this study. Position two will involve a study of 1.) the role of viral and host components of the replicase in the generation of variability, and 2.) the role of quasispecies in the biology of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus, including the ability to overcome resistance. More detailed descriptions of both projects are available on request. REQUIREMENTS: A Ph.D. in Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, or related field, with experience in evolution or virology helpful. SALARY and APPOINTMENT: Base salary is US$24,000/year, depending on experience with funding available for 3 years. STARTING DATES: July and August 1995 APPLY TO: Dr. ...
ACK! Pull the hand from your eyes-I told you it was horrible but you must look. You must understand what can happen to you. This zucchini is enormous in size, but inedible. At least, no one in my family is going to dare eat it. Holes, lumps, scars, its awful. Simply awful. Some would suggest this is the result of a virus. The Cucumber Mosaic Virus, to be exact. Passed from aphid to zucchini-or cucumber, squash, any member of this veggie family-the virus will attack your plant and cause these unsightly lumps. The good news, it wont move from plant to plant or linger in your soil (whew!) but it will destroy your zucchini plant. Disclaimer: humans can spread it from plant to plant so be careful!. The other option is extremer fluctuation in temperature. Ive read where swings in temperature say 10-20°F can affect your zucchini this way. It has certainly been the case with my garden. One day were a balmy 80°F and the next, a frigid 35°F. Brrrr….. Either way, Im sad to see my zucchini succumb ...
Terminal sequences of the double-stranded (ds) forms of RNAs 3 and 4 and the satellite RNA (CARNA 5) of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have been determined. The ds forms of both CARNA 5 and RNA 3 contain an unpaired guanosine (G) at the 3 end of the mi
Courgette plants are also susceptible to Cucumber Mosaic Virus, but dont throw the plant away until you are sure. As stated before I would expect to see puckered, mottled leaves that turn yellow with time. The whole plant will have stunted growth. Does your corgette plant have these symptoms? Tell me about where you are growing it indoors, if it is still alive I would certainly plant it outside now as all danger of frost has passed, it may be protesting at the fact that it is still indoors! Was the plant siiting in a saucer of water? Was enough air getting to the roots or were they possibly waterlogged? Was the plant sat on a very hot and sunny windowsill where the young leaves were getting scorched? The more information you can give me, the more chance I have of solving this ...
A woodiness disease of passionfruit was described by Cobb (1901) but as both passionfruit woodiness and cucumber mosaic viruses may cause woody fruit and leaf mosaic (Taylor, 1959), the authenticity of records prior to that of McKnight (1953) is in doubt. However, passionfruit woodiness virus was rare in P. edulis in Queensland in 1927 and widespread in 1932 (Simmonds, 1959) suggesting that it was introduced into that State about 1927. Its absence from cool, temperate areas of Australia and the rare occurrence of cucumber mosaic virus in Queensland suggest that ecological factors influence the distribution of both viruses. Experimentally, a mixed infection by the two viruses in P. edulis causes a very severe disease (Taylor, 1959), but naturally occurring mixed infections are not always so virulent. To differentiate the two viruses it is best to use the electron microscope; the filamentous particles of passionfruit woodiness virus are usually readily found in the sap of infected plants. The ...
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When New Yorks snap bean growers began suffering widespread devastating losses, Stephen Reiners, Cornell University horticulture professor, assembled a "research village" to develop short-term and long-term responses. The multidisciplinary task force included Cornell horticultural specialists, entomologists, a seed scientist, a plant pathologist, a plant breeder, a virologist and extension educators.. "At the start, we looked at the fields with severe yield loss and had more questions than answers," Reiners says. "We identified the problem as cucumber mosaic virus and called together the expertise to answer our questions. It was a full effort to respond quickly.". Julie Kikkert, Cornell Cooperative Extension vegetable specialist, served as the conduit to the processing industry and the growers who periodically met with the research team.. Pete Call was among the growers whose fields were 50 to 100 percent infected with cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in 2001. Call, who has 2,500 acres of beans, ...
Find out all you need to about caring for Wisteria. Read advice from RHS to find out everything from growing your own plants, fruit & veg to winter pruning.
Symptoms on plants infected with cucumoviruses can vary. Generally, plants appear lighter in color and are bushy and stunted. Close up symptoms include a mosaic (alternating light and dark green areas) on at least some leaves, especially on the younger leaves. Leaves may exhibit a shoestringlike appearance. Fruit production is greatly reduced. These symptoms can be confused with those caused by tobacco mosaic virus. ...
Gene silencing suppressor 2b complexed with silencing RNA (ribonucleic acid). Computer model showing the structure of the gene silencing suppressor 2b (purple, green) complexed with synthetic silencing RNA (yellow, magenta). From Tomato aspermy virus. - Stock Image C035/8421
The Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-encoded 2b protein (Cmv2b) is a nuclear protein that suppresses transgene RNA silencing in Nicotiana benthamiana. Cmv2b is an important virulence determinant but nonessential for systemic spread in N. glutinosa, in contrast to its indispensable role for systemic infections in cucumber. Here, we report that Cmv2b became essential for systemic infections in older N. glutinosa plants or in young seedlings pre-treated with salicylic acid (SA). Expression of Cmv2b from the genome of either CMV or Tobacco mosaic virus significantly reduced the inhibitory effect of SA on virus accumulation in inoculated leaves and systemic leaves. A close correlation is demonstrated between Cmv2b expression and a reduced SA-dependent induction of the alternative oxidase gene, a component of the recently proposed SA-regulated antiviral defense. These results collectively reveal a novel activity of Cmv2b in the inhibition of SA-mediated virus resistance. We used a N. tabacum line ...
The cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) 2b protein not only inhibits anti-viral RNA silencing but also quenches transcriptional responses of plant genes to jasmonic acid, a key signalling molecule in defence against insects. This suggested that it might affect interactions between infected plants and aphids, insects that transmit CMV. We found that infection of tobacco with a 2b gene deletion mutant (CMVD2b) induced strong resistance to aphids (Myzus persicae) while CMV infection fostered aphid survival. Using electrical penetration graph methodology we found that higher proportions of aphids showed sustained phloem ingestion on CMV-infected plants than on CMVD2b-infected or mock-inoculated plants although this did not increase the rate of growth of individual aphids. This indicates that while CMV infection or certain viral gene products might elicit aphid resistance, the 2b protein normally counteracts this during a wild-type CMV infection. Our findings suggest that the 2b protein could indirectly ...
Normand, Russell Anthony, "Studies on the Differential Transmission of Strains of Cucumber Mosaic Virus by Aphids." (1967). LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses. 1356 ...
The NBRP is one of the research arms of NARO, the National Banana Research Program is mandated to carry out research on Banana in Uganda.
Try this deliciously creamy recipe as a side dish to compliment your chicken or roast dinner. A zucchini squash pot pie will hit the spot for your taste buds.
Satellite RNAs Cucumber mosaic virus (an epiphytotic of lethal necrotic disease among tomato plants in France in 1972). This was unusual because of the severity and atypical nature of the symptoms associated with infections of tomato plants (See description of cucumber mosaic in prior text). Enhanced response of tomatoes to this disease were associated with host used for virus propagation; virus grown in tobacco or tomato yielded an enhanced necrotic response, those propagated in cucurbit hosts yielded a reduce necrotic response. RNA extractions of necrotic tomato plants revealed the presence of variable amounts of a small RNA species in addition to the expected three genomic and one subgenomic RNAs. This 5th RNA species was designated CARNA 5 (i.e., CMV-associated RNA 5 or CMV satRNA), a satellite RNA. When CARNA 5 is present with CMV, symptoms of the disease are enhanced in tomato plants, while in tabasco pepper the presence of CARNA 5 tends to attenuate the disease symptoms caused by CMV. ...
Satellite RNAs Cucumber mosaic virus (an epiphytotic of lethal necrotic disease among tomato plants in France in 1972). This was unusual because of the severity and atypical nature of the symptoms associated with infections of tomato plants (See description of cucumber mosaic in prior text). Enhanced response of tomatoes to this disease were associated with host used for virus propagation; virus grown in tobacco or tomato yielded an enhanced necrotic response, those propagated in cucurbit hosts yielded a reduce necrotic response. RNA extractions of necrotic tomato plants revealed the presence of variable amounts of a small RNA species in addition to the expected three genomic and one subgenomic RNAs. This 5th RNA species was designated CARNA 5 (i.e., CMV-associated RNA 5 or CMV satRNA), a satellite RNA. When CARNA 5 is present with CMV, symptoms of the disease are enhanced in tomato plants, while in tabasco pepper the presence of CARNA 5 tends to attenuate the disease symptoms caused by CMV. ...
Courgette Defender F1. Resistant to cucumber mosaic virus, the cause of many crop failures. Very early, with uniform dark green fruits. Crops all summer.
Instructions to Copy. For PC, position your mouse cursor on the featured image, click the right mouse button, and choose Save Picture As... or Save this Image as... whichever is the case. For Mac, click the only mouse button and follow the same steps. Users may want to set up a specific directory and file naming scheme for storing images; otherwise, they will be saved using your system defaults. Images may be used in any software application that supports JPEG file format or viewed in an Internet browser as local files.. ...
A Rubicon t rt nelmi foly irat honlapja. A tartalma szerint tudom nyos ismeretterjeszt foly irat magazinszer en n pszer s ti a t rt nelmet. Ahogy az iskol ban nem hallhatta...
Potential porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) capsid protein epitopes, suitable for expression on the surface of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) particles were determined by a thorough analysis of the predicted PCV capsid protein structure. The ab initio protein structure prediction was carried out with fold recognition and threading methods. The putative PCV epitopes were selected on the basis of PCV virion models and integrated into the plant virus coat protein, after amino acid position 131. The recombinants were tested for infectivity and stability on different Nicotiana species and stable recombinant virus particles were purified. The particles were tested for their ability to bind to PCV induced porcine antibodies and used for specific antibody induction in mice and pigs. The results showed that PCV epitopes expressed on the CMV surface were recognized by the porcine antibodies and they were also able to induce PCV specific antibody response. Challenge experiment with PCV2 carried out in immunized pigs
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a plant pathogenic virus in the genus Cucumovirus, family Bromoviridae. It has the potential and reputation of having the widest host range of any known plant virus including monocotyledons and dicotyledons, herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees. CMV is one of the major diseases in Capsicum annum (chilli).
Ribonuclease (RNase) III involved in RNA-mediated post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). Involved in the processing of natural small interfering RNAs (nat-siRNAs, derived from cis-natural antisense transcripts) by cleaving small dsRNAs into 24 nucleotide nat-siRNAs. Plays an essential role in transitive silencing of transgenes by processing secondary siRNAs. This pathway, which requires DCL4 and RDR6, amplifies silencing by using the target RNA as substrate to generate secondary siRNAs, providing an efficient mechanism for long-distance silencing. May participate with DCL3 in the production of 24 nucleotide repeat-associated siRNAs (ra-siRNAs) which derive from heterochromatin and DNA repeats such as transposons. Plays a role in antiviral RNA silencing. Involved in the production of viral siRNAs derived from the turnip crinkle virus (TCV) and tobacco rattle virus (TRV). Targeted by the viral silencing suppressor (VSR) protein 2b of the cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) that inactivates DCL2 function in
fr] Actuellement, dans lest de la Chine, le contrôle des pucerons repose sur lutilisation systématique dinsecticides de synthèse. Lanalyse de la structure socio-économique des ménages ruraux de la province du Shandong a permis de mettre en avant la méconnaissance des agriculteurs vis-à-vis des effets néfastes de ces molécules chimiques sur lenvironnement et sur la santé humaine. Cette conclusion conduit à rechercher de nouvelles méthodes alternatives efficientes pour les producteurs chinois. Dans ce contexte de lutte biologique contre les pucerons et leur transmission virale (Potato virus Y (PVY), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) et Potato Leaf Roll Virus (PLRV)), trois substances sémiochimiques à savoir, l(E)-β-farnésène, le cis-3-hexényl acétate, lextrait dail et une culture intercalaire de pois ont été expériméntées séparément à laide de pièges jaunes dans des cultures de pommes de terre et de courgettes. Entre ces diverses modalités, aucune différence ...
I think I used about 12 cucumbers but you can pickle any amount, just adjust the quantity of spiced vinegar you make. The night before, peel and slice all your cucumbers and place in a large bowl. Pour over about a tablespoon of salt. Dont worry, you wont eat the salt. If you dont drawn the fluid from the cucumbers it dilutes the vinegar too much in the jars. Mix the cucumbers around with your hands, making sure the salt is well distributed, put a clean tea towel over the top of the bowl and leave it overnight. The following morning there will be a lot of fluid in the cucumber bowl. Pour it all into a colander and let the salty water go down the drain. Run clean cold water from the tap over the cucumbers to make sure all the salt is removed. Leave the cucumber in the colander for about an hour to drain ...
As the season passes the leaves on your zucchini plants grow larger. You may find that these large leaves actually shade the growing zucchini squash on the vines and prevent necessary sunlight from ...
How to Make Cucumber Juice. Cucumber juice is a very healthy and versatile drink. Cucumbers have a high content of water and contain noteworthy amounts of potassium, silica, vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, and chlorophyll, among other...
Cucumbers are known to mankind for over six thousand years. Article about calories in cucumber, useful properties of cucumberm how to choose them.
Because cucumbers are mostly water, they are low in calories -- even a large cucumber contains less than 100 calories -- but they still come loaded with...
Cucumber nutrition one of the oldest cultivated crops. It has a lot of benefits. Know more about cucumber nutrition in this article.
This project applies biotechnology to effectively mitigate the impact of pests and pathogens on priority floral crops and develops systems that can be manipulated to preserve select hardwood tree taxa for future genetic engineering applications. Genetic engineering of floral crops for pest and pathogen resistance contributes to sustainable production. There has been little research done on migratory nematodes such as Pratylenchus, and this project addresses the use of transgenes that may be effective in controlling Pratylenchus. Viruses are always a problem for propagated plants, particularly flower bulb crops that are propagated from the same bulb for many years. This project determines if an RNAi approach is effective for control of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), an economically important virus that affects numerous crops. In vitro manipulation of plants through genetic engineering allows for rapid clonal propagation, ploidy level manipulation, and preservation of germplasm and cryopreservation. ...
Slicing cucumbers are best served fresh and raw, but they can also be sautéed, fried, or even mixed in drinks. Cucumbers contain most of their nutrients in their seeds and their skin. It is advised, from a nutritional standpoint, to eat cucumbers with both. However, cucumbers have wax coatings on their skin. Organically grown cucumbers have non-synthetic waxes where conventionally grown cucumbers may have synthetic waxes and pesticides. If you choose to eat the skin, buy organic cucumbers to eliminate the risk of synthetic wax consumption. If buying organic is not an option, then thoroughly wash each cucumber with a brush or simply remove the skin before eating.. ...
when they are about 6-8 inches long. Cucumbers intended for dill pickles can be harvested at 4 to 6 inches long and pickles at as little as 2 inches. The larger burpless cucumbers can be up to 10 inches long and some types are even larger, although if they are left on the vine too long, they can become bitter or yellow. The highest quality cucumber is uniformly green, firm and crisp.. At peak harvesting time, you should be picking cucumbers every couple of days. Pay attention to what the plant is telling you. Check plants daily, ensuring no fruit is laying on the ground, rotting and that the tendrils and leaves are growing where you want them. Training cucumber vines and picking them as they ripen will ensure longer and healthy vegetable production.. As cucumbers are over 90% water, they must be stored tightly in plastic wrap and properly refrigerated. They will keep (on average) 7-10 days when properly stored and delicious in dozens of recipes and applications.. We certainly have enjoyed ...
Hybrid Cucumber Seeds-Herlong - 10 g: Buy Hybrid Cucumber Seeds-Herlong - 10 g Online at best prices only at Ugaoo.com, Indias leading online shop for agriculture supplies and garden tools. Delivery available all over India!
In this chapter, students explore the history of the bitter gene in cucumbers, which was found in a genebank and traded internationally between cucumber breeders. The students then explore transcription, translation, and the DNA basis for different types of mutations. This activity uses one of the modern tools of genomics-sequences from the GenBank public database-to explore mutation of cucumber genes.. ...
When choosing cucumbers, Korean cucumbers are ideal for their soft skin and crunch, but pickling cucumbers are a good substitute. This refreshing instant kimchi is wonderful with barbecued meats and a glass of beer.
Health Benefits of Cucumber - Cucumber is a vegetable which is known for its mild and pleasant watery taste. It is a highly cultivated vegetable and is...
Cucumbers are the fourth most cultivated vegetable in world and known to be one of the best foods for bodys overall health. Cucumber and ayurveda: When we analyze properties of cucumber based on ayurvedic principles, it pacifies pitta dosha. Pitta dosha is associated with heat. Pitta when aggravated can cause…
To make a cucumber detox drink, mix 8 cups of water with a medium-sized cucumber, a lemon and around 10 mint leaves. Let the mixture steep in the refrigerator overnight before you drink it....
With its cooling, hydrating effect, cucumber is excellent for the skin. Learn how to nourish and sooth with cucumber homemade skin care.
In recent times slowly but surely we have seen a rise in the number of cucumber flavored drinks that are on the market. Its nowhere near the...
The investigation of pests and diseases that contribute to reduced productivity of hot peppers has been ongoing. In Belize, baseline data collected on major pests in Cayo and Belize districts showed that white flies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and cucumber beetle (Acalymma vittatum (Fabricius) and Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber) were the most prevalent pests. Virus infection is still a major problem for hot pepper production. Screening of hot pepper fields in Barbados for Potato Virus Y (PVY) and Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) revealed that 60% of the samples were positive for CMV and 78% for PVY. A survey of common weeds in the hot pepper fields showed many species testing positive for the viruses. Future studies will investigate weed seeds as sources for transmission of the viruses. Meanwhile, the results suggest that field sanitation will be important in managing the viruses ...
Diseases caused by aphid-transmitted viruses such as Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have increased in snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Midwestern United States. Plants immediately surrounding agricultural fields may serve as primary virus inocula for aphids to acquire and transmit to bean crops.
Plant Disease, Volume 96, Issue 4, Page 506-514, April 2012.http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-02-11-0089 | Plant health
Companion Planting With Peppers. Pepper plants are relatively easy to grow in the home garden, but they are susceptible to damage from a variety of pests, as well as viruses such as cucumber mosaic virus and tomato spotted wilt virus. Employ companion gardening techniques to reduce the risk to your pepper plants and improve the health and yield of...
Looking for online definition of cool as a cucumber in the Medical Dictionary? cool as a cucumber explanation free. What is cool as a cucumber? Meaning of cool as a cucumber medical term. What does cool as a cucumber mean?
Looking for online definition of Cucumbers in the Medical Dictionary? Cucumbers explanation free. What is Cucumbers? Meaning of Cucumbers medical term. What does Cucumbers mean?
Cucumbers are rich in two of the most basic elements needed for healthy digestion: water and fiber. Adding cucumbers to your juice or salad can help you meet the ideal of amount of fiber your body needs - 50 grams per 1,000 calories consumed. If you struggle with acid reflux, you should know that drinking water can help suppress acute symptoms of acid reflux by temporarily raising stomach pH; its possible that water-rich cucumbers may have a similar effect ...
See all results for Cucumber Soup Chilled Cucumber No (southern Living) Recipes. Find more recipes at Foodily.com - the largest recipe search site - and see the ones your friends like.
WHEN TO PLANT The best time for growing cucumbers is about 3-4 weeks after the last frost date Plant your sprouted cucumber seeds outdoors when the soil
Cucumbers contain three different types of lignans which reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Try Cucumber Avocado Rolls for some added benefit!
Cut the cucumbers into quarters lengthwise and remove the seeds. Chop roughly, then puree with a food processor. Season with ginger, salt and pepper. Put in the freezer for about 10-15 minutes, or until cucumbers just start to freeze ...
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Danish Cucumber Salad based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Granulated Sugar, Cucumber (with peel), Dill weed, dried, Cider Vinegar, Pepper, black and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Planting six cucumber plants was, it turns out, excessive. No matter how much cucumber soup you intend to make.I have been swamped by them for weeks now. Thriving as they do in warm wet conditions the...
Seaweed is a very good source of many nutrients, like iron and manganese, as well as important vitamins. Try this cucumber wakame salad recipe the next time
Cucumbers and mint bring double refreshment to Cucumber Mint Salad by DaVita dietitian Christine from New Jersey. Its the perfect low-sodium dish to complement a kidney-friendly entree.
Cucumbers and tomatoes - vegetables, which contain plenty of vitamins and minerals. They are not only good for the body, but also an effective tool for weight loss.
Cucumbers are excellent to detox the body as they consist out of 95 percent water. They are loaded with electrolytes, antioxidants, and other beneficial plant
Buy Kat Burki Balancing Elixir - Cucumber online at SkinStore with free shipping! We have a great range of Kat Burki Skin Care products available.
Youve probably been hearing a lot about cucumber water lately. The refreshing beverage that was once found almost exclusively at high-end spas is now becoming mainstream. In fact, its popping up eve...
Cucumber water is much more flavorful, easier to make and a much healthier alternative to soda or juices.It helps in weight loss, Reduces Blood Pressure, Healthy skin, and boosts your bones.
Welcome to the SpecFlow+ documentation. If you are new to SpecFlow, we recommend that you start out by following our dedicated Getting Started guides first.
Preheat oven to 350ºF and place the carrots and garlic on a baking tray. Drizzle with 1 tablespoon of olive oil. Roast for 15 minutes.. Whilst carrots are roasting, grab cucumbers and, using a vegetable peeler or a small knife, cut strips down the cucumbers. Cut each cucumber into slices about 2 to 3 inches long, depending on how deep you want your cucumber cups. Using a melon baller or teaspoon, scoop most of the flesh from each cucumber, leaving a little at the bottom of the cup to hold in the filling.. Remove the carrots and garlic from the oven and place in a food processor with all the remaining ingredients, including the last 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Whizz on high speed for 2-3 minutes, until hummus is smooth and delicious!. Leave the hummus to cool in the fridge, before taking a tablespoon and dolloping the hummus into the cucumber cups!. ...
1289 1489 1589 1374. This article investigates a portion of the top medical advantages of eating cucumber. 1. Its High in Nutrients Cucumbers are low in calories however high in numerous vital vitamins and minerals. One 11-ounce (300-gram) unpeeled, crude cucumber contains the accompanying (1): Calories: 45 Add up to fat: 0 grams Carbs: 11 grams Protein: 2 grams Fiber: 2 grams Vitamin C: 14% of the RDI 1389. Vitamin K: 62% of the RDI 2104. Magnesium: 10% of the RDI 1904. Potassium: 13% of the RDI 2004. Manganese: 12% of the RDI Despite the fact that, the ordinary serving size is around 33% of a cucumber, so eating a standard bit would give around 33% of the supplements above.1290 1490 1590 1375 ...
Southern bean mosaic virus ATCC ® PVAS-298™ Designation: Cowpea [southern bean mosaic virus antiserum] Application: Test animal used: rabbit Host plant from which virus was purified: Vigna unguiculata cv. Plant research
El Apple mosaic virus (ApMV) es un virus patogénico de plantas de la familia Bromoviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Apple mosaic virus Family Groups - The Baltimore ...
The first question to ask is whether the cucumber is really drying up, or if . If the cucumber leaves are yellowing, you may be giving the plants too much water, . Why Are My Cucumber Leaves Curling Up? My Japanese Red Maple Has Dried ...
See all results for Cucumber Tea Sandwiches No Null Seeded Cucumber Recipes. Find more recipes at Foodily.com - the largest recipe search site - and see the ones your friends like.
... Moisturizing Soothing Brightening Purederm s Cucumber Collagen Mask contains Cucumber Extract Vitamin E Collagen
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Fish with Cucumber Sauce based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including FISH - Mahi Mahi, Kraft Mayo Light Mayonnaise (Mayo), Sour Cream, reduced fat, Cucumber (peeled), Lemon Juice and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Carlavirus casmmv - Cassava Common Mosaic Virus -- Discover Life
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Carlavirus casmmv - Cassava Common Mosaic Virus -- Discover Life
Hosts of maize dwarf mosaic virus include deers-tongue (Panicum clandestinum) Photo cortesy of T. A. Zitter, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY << Previous Photo , Next Photo>> ...
... , Sept. 1981. Photo courtesy of T.A. Zitter, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY << Previous Photo , Next Photo>>. ...
In winter Cucumber crops, internode distances normally are very short, so in that case its very interesting to increase TOP GROWTH (internode distance). When we increase Top Growth, the consequence is that ventilation is better and lighting is also higher and homogeneous in the plant.. ...
Save time and spiralize crisp cucumber instead of chopping it for this easy, healthy vegetable side. Want to make it a meal? Just add grilled chicken, shrimp or canned chickpeas.
Read more about the side effects of eating cucumbers. Even though a favorite summer veggie, it can cause bloating, indigestion, and other allergic reactions
Whether youre looking to boost your veggie intake or you simply seek a healthful alternative to calorie-laden sodas, cucumber and celery juices make...
... 1. Peel and core the center. Slice. Mixed all the ingredients and chilled. Best to do it just before eating.…
Dietary benefit of cucumber - 10 Medicinal Ginger Health Benefits - Dr. Axe. Dietrine Carb Blocker is an exclusive formulation of research-supported botanical ingredients designed to Block Carbohydrates, Control Carb Cravings, Boost Energy levels and Block Fats from your body.
Learn from your expert friends at Veggie Gardner how to grow Cucumbers including caring, watering, sun, harvesting and even pests and diseases.
So, vacation has left me and the fiance broke and we had to do a budget grocery shop. I bought myself a nice huge cucumber because it was 1.79 or so
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
My Suttons Byblos cucumber in my greenhouse has produced 5-6 healthy cucumbers but the bottom leaves are yellow and crisp while the top leaves are all wilting.. Im not sure if this is due to over or under watering or something more sinister.. Can anyone please advise?. PS I would not be surprised if this topic has already been posted but I cant seem to find a search feature and dont really want to look through over 6,000 earlier topics in this forum! ...
A Turkish imam has been suspended after a leaked hospital report showed pieces of cucumber were found in his rectum, say reports.The 39-year-old, who has not been named, has been suspended by a local branch of the Religious Affairs Directorate after reports claimed he was taken to hospital with se
An imam from a Central Anatolian province has been suspended from duty after he being hospitalized with pieces of cucumber in his rectum.
In July we find ourselves with an abundance of cucumbers. This is the only time of year we get to enjoy creamy cucumber salad. And we will have it in the fridge available at all times for the next month!. Cucumbers have not received as much press as other vegetables in terms of health benefits, but this widely cultivated food provides us with a unique combination of nutrients. At the top of the phytonutrient list for cucumbers are its cucurbitacins, lignans, and flavonoids. These three types of phytonutrients found in cucumbers provide us with valuable antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer benefits.. To peel or not to peel. First, it is important to remember that the skins and seeds of cucumbers are both rich in nutrients. In fact, the nutrient richness of both plant parts is significantly higher than the flesh. For this reason, consumption of both skins and seeds is desirable from a nutritional standpoint. If youre buying from a grocery store, both conventionally grown and ...
This photo shows my daughters favorite kind from our Sweden trip this summer - Mother Annas thinly sliced pickles (Mor Annas tunnskivad gurka). [Question to Swedes, shouldnt it be Mor Annas tunnskivadE gurka in proper Swedish?]. Gurka means cucumber, and must be from the same root word as gherkin, the English word for tiny little pickled cucumbers. The word cucumber comes from the old Latin or Greek since the genus name is Cucumis. Cucumbers are a kind of berries with a leathery skin, and are placed together with pumpkins, squashes, and melons in the Cucurbitaceae family ...
Slice the cucumber as thin as possible (use a mandoline or other vegetable slicer if you have one). Put the slices in a colander, toss them with the salt, and let stand for about 30 minutes. Meanwhile, combine the water, vinegar, sugar, bay leaf, and allspice in a medium saucepan and bring to a boil. Remove from the heat and let cool. Rinse the salt off the cucumbers, and squeeze out as much moisture as possible. Put the cucumbers in a medium bowl and add the pickling solution; they should be completely covered by the brine. Cover and refrigerate for 3 to 6 hours before serving. The pickled cucumbers will keep in the refrigerator for up to 5 days ...
Komblas, Konstantinos N., "Field Studies of Aphid Vectors of Sugarcane Mosaic and Methods of Control." (1964). LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses. 947 ...
Plant Tasty Green Cucumber Seeds in your organic vegetable garden. Learn when to plant English cucumber seeds from our How to Grow Cucumbers instructions.
Cucumber, Edmonson Heirloom Cucumber, Heirloom Cucumber, Pickling Cucumber, Slicing Cucumber). This is an easy-to-grow heirloom cucumber that produces loads of crisp ivory green fruits. This variety came from Kansas native Clarice Cooper, whose grandfather Edmonson selected and grew the cucumber throughout his lifetime. The non-bitter cucumbers are crisp and flavorful and turn from milky green when pickle-sized (4 inches (10 cm) long) to dark orange-red when large and full-sized. The plants begin to produce harvestable fruits about 70 days after sowing seeds. Plants are disease-resistant and.... ...
Cucurbita pepo, is widely used like food and in folk medicine around of the world. This aims a comprehensive of the pharmacological, chemical constituents, and clinical u..
Visit us to learn more about our Cucumber Diamant Hybrid. Delicious dark green pickling cucumbers are 4-5 long, with an amazing crunch and wonderful sweet t...
Combine all ingredients and serve in a large martini glass. Garnish with a cucumber slice and a cucumber spear wrapped with a lemon swirl. ...
Cool Cucumbers - The ancient prophet Isaiah compared his wayward countrymen to gardeners who had abandoned their cucumber gardens. Since then the lowly Cucumis Sativus has made its way into greenhouses farms gardens kitchens salads and pickle jars...
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
ID JQ911605; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 684 BP. XX AC JQ911605; XX DT 03-JUL-2012 (Rel. 113, Created) DT 03-JUL-2012 (Rel. 113, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Banana streak virus isolate Borkal RNase H gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Banana streak virus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-684 RA Verma R., Datar V.V., Mungekar D.R., Gaikwad P.R.; RT "Detection of Cucumber Mosaic Virus and Banana Streak Virus in various RT genotypes of banana from Maharashtra, India"; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-684 RA Verma R., Datar V.V., Mungekar D.R., Gaikwad P.R.; RT ; RL Submitted (09-APR-2012) to the INSDC. RL Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Regional Station, Shivajinagar, RL Pune, Maharashtra 411005, India XX DR MD5; 159fcd2c8745d17220d7a63b32eca280. XX CC ##Assembly-Data-START## CC Sequencing Technology :: Sanger dideoxy sequencing CC ##Assembly-Data-END## XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..684 FT /organism="Banana streak ...
Lily plants exhibiting virus-like symptoms of leaf yellowing, twisting and brownish necrotic spots were collected, and next-generation sequencing of small RNAs was conducted to identify the associated viruses. Cucumber mosaic virus, lily symptomless virus and a hitherto unrecorded potyvirus, tentatively named "lily yellow mosaic virus" (LYMV), were detected. The genomic RNA of LYMV was 9811 nt in length, encoding a large polyprotein of 3,124 amino acids with a predicted Mr of 353.3 kDa. BLAST analysis showed that LYMV shared a high degree of amino acid sequence identity with Thunberg fritillary mosaic virus (55%), bean yellow mosaic virus (52%), clover yellow vein virus (51%), leek yellow stripe virus (51%), and lily mottle virus (52%), and these viruses clustered together in a phylogenetic tree ...
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Characterization of Cucumber Mosaic Virus From Mint in Tehran ProvinceCharacterization of Cucumber Mosaic Virus From Mint in Tehran Province

CMV is a member of the cucumovirus genus in Bromoviridae family. The virus is naturally transmitted by aphids in a non- ... CMV is a member of the cucumovirus genus in Bromoviridae family. The virus is naturally transmitted by aphids in a non- ...
more infohttp://www.ijabbr.com/article_7269.html

Cucumovirus - WikipediaCucumovirus - Wikipedia

Cucumovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Bromoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently four species ... It is thought that the Cucumovirus is present worldwide. It is known to occur in Eurasia, Australia, Canada, France, India, ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Bromoviridae Genus: Cucumovirus Cucumber mosaic virus Gayfeather mild mottle virus ... colloquially one would say cucumovirus is transmitted by aphids). "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumovirus

Behavior of Cucumovirus Pseudorecombinant and Recombinant Strains in Solanaceous Hosts | Springer for Research & DevelopmentBehavior of Cucumovirus Pseudorecombinant and Recombinant Strains in Solanaceous Hosts | Springer for Research & Development

Zhang L, Hanada K, Palukaitis P (1994) Mapping local and systemic symptom determinants of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus in ... Jacquemond M., Salánki K., Carrère I., Balázs E., Tepfer M. (1997) Behavior of Cucumovirus Pseudorecombinant and Recombinant ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-662-03506-1_7

Frontiers | Viral and Cellular Factors Involved in Phloem Transport of Plant Viruses | Plant ScienceFrontiers | Viral and Cellular Factors Involved in Phloem Transport of Plant Viruses | Plant Science

Cucumovirus 2b. The second best studied RSS is the 2b protein encoded by CMV. This small protein of 100 amino acids encoded by ... A recent study showing that a CP domain essential for the systemic movement of the Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV, Cucumovirus) ... This concerns members in the Potexvirus, Cucumovirus, Bromovirus, Tospovirus, Closterovirus, Curtovirus, Polerovirus, and ... Taliansky, M., and García-Arenal, F. (1995). Role of cucumovirus capsid protein in long-distance movement within the infected ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2013.00154/full

The Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore ListingThe Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore Listing

Cucumovirus. cucumber mosaic virus. Plants. Caliciviridae:. Calicivirus. vesicular exanthema of swine virus. Vertebrates. ...
more infohttp://www.virology.net/Big_Virology/BVFamilyGroup.html

Diseases of SoybeanDiseases of Soybean

Genus Cucumovirus; Peanut stunt virus (PSV). Pepper golden mosaic. Genus Begomovirus; Pepper golden mosaic virus (PepGMV). ... Genus Cucumovirus; Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), soybean stunt strain (CMV-SS) (syn. Soybean stunt virus). Cycas necrotic stunt ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Soybean.aspx

Diseases of BeanDiseases of Bean

Genus Cucumovirus; Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) Curly top Genus Curtovirus; Beet curly top virus (BCTV) Peanut mottle. Genus ... Genus Cucumovirus; Peanut stunt virus (PSV) Red node Genus Ilarvirus; Tobacco streak virus (TSV) Soybean mosaic. Genus ...
more infohttps://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/resources/commonnames/Pages/Bean.aspx

Search: All Pfam signatures | InterPro | EMBL-EBISearch: All Pfam signatures | InterPro | EMBL-EBI

Cucumovirus coat protein, chain A (IPR023800) Pfam signature: PF00760 Polyomavirus coat protein VP2 (IPR001070) Pfam signature ...
more infohttp://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/member-database/Pfam

Diseases of Corn (syn. Maize)Diseases of Corn (syn. Maize)

Genus Cucumovirus, Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). High Plains disease. Genus Emaravirus, Wheat mosaic virus (WMoV). (syns. High ...
more infohttp://apsnet.org/publications/commonnames/Pages/Corn.aspx

Az uborka vírusos és baktériumos betegségie by Csani Szabo on PreziAz uborka vírusos és baktériumos betegségie by Csani Szabo on Prezi

Cucumovirus. nemzetség névadó tagja.. Előszőr 1916-ban Doolittle tesz róla írásos említést.. Széles körben polifág és könnyen ...
more infohttps://prezi.com/e9a8ceyos-2f/az-uborka-virusos-es-bakteriumos-betegsegie/

Pumpkin | Infonet Biovision Home.Pumpkin | Infonet Biovision Home.

Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV). Watermelon mosaic 2 potyvirus (WMV-2). Watermelon mosaic 1 potyvirus ...
more infohttps://infonet-biovision.org/PlantHealth/Crops/Pumpkin

Zucchini/Courgette | Infonet Biovision Home.Zucchini/Courgette | Infonet Biovision Home.

These include Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV), Watermelon mosaic 2 potyvirus (WMV-2), Watermelon mosaic 1 potyvirus, Zucchini ...
more infohttps://www.infonet-biovision.org/PlantHealth/Crops/ZucchiniCourgette

SCOPe 2.06: Domain d1yc6b : 1yc6 BSCOPe 2.06: Domain d1yc6b : 1yc6 B

Protein Cucumovirus coat protein [88640] (4 species). *. Species BMV (Brome mosaic virus) [TaxId:12302] [74886] (2 PDB entries) ... d1yc6b_ b.121.4.5 (B:) Cucumovirus coat protein {BMV (Brome mosaic virus) [TaxId: 12302]} ...
more infohttp://scop.berkeley.edu/sunid=122916

On-Line Glossary: COn-Line Glossary: C

cucumovirus. (Siglum of cucumber mosaic virus). Member of a group of multicomponent plant viruses with isometric (icosahedral) ...
more infohttp://www.plantpath.cornell.edu/glossary/defs_c.htm

EMDB-3855: CryoEM structure of recombinant CMV particles with Tetanus-epitope - YorodumiEMDB-3855: CryoEM structure of recombinant CMV particles with Tetanus-epitope - Yorodumi

Cucumovirus coat protein / Cucumovirus coat protein, chain A / Cucumovirus coat protein, subunit A superfamily / Cucumovirus ... cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (cucumber mosaic cucumovirus) / Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic cucumovirus). Method. single ... cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (cucumber mosaic cucumovirus). Source (engineered). Expression System: Escherichia coli (E. coli). ... Component #1: virus, cucumber mosaic cucumovirus. Virus. Name: cucumber mosaic cucumovirus / Class: VIRUS-LIKE PARTICLE / Empty ...
more infohttps://pdbj.org/emnavi/quick.php?id=emdb-3855

EMDB-3855: CryoEM structure of recombinant CMV particles with Tetanus-epitope - YorodumiEMDB-3855: CryoEM structure of recombinant CMV particles with Tetanus-epitope - Yorodumi

Cucumovirus coat protein / Cucumovirus coat protein, chain A / Cucumovirus coat protein, subunit A superfamily / Cucumovirus ... cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (cucumber mosaic cucumovirus) / Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic cucumovirus). Method. single ... cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (cucumber mosaic cucumovirus). Source (engineered). Expression System: Escherichia coli (E. coli). ... Component #1: virus, cucumber mosaic cucumovirus. Virus. Name: cucumber mosaic cucumovirus / Class: VIRUS-LIKE PARTICLE / Empty ...
more infohttps://pdbj.org/emnavi/quick.php?id=3855

Viruses  | Free Full-Text | Viruses Infecting the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Rhizoctonia solani | HTMLViruses | Free Full-Text | Viruses Infecting the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Rhizoctonia solani | HTML

Members of the genera Cucumovirus and Ilarvirus have an additional overlapping ORF [75]. Members of the family Bromoviridae ... There are currently six genera in the family, including Alfamovirus, Anulavirus, Bromovirus, Cucumovirus, Ilarvirus, and ... CMV is a member of the genus Cucumovirus, family Bromoviridae [7] and has three genomic segments 3309 nt, 3053 nt, and 2214 nt ... form virions, either spherical or quasi-spherical for the members of the genera Cucumovirus, Ilarvirus, Anulavirus, and ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/11/12/1113/htm

postdoctoral position announcementpostdoctoral position announcement

Position one will involve molecular population biology, epidemiology, and evolutionary mechanisms of peanut stunt cucumovirus. ... the role of quasispecies in the biology of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus, including the ability to overcome resistance. More ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/mol-evol/1994-December/002143.html

New Page 1New Page 1

Association of cucumovirus and potyvirus with betelvine (Piper betle L.) as evidenced by ELISA and RT-PCR S K Raj1, A ... Association of cucumovirus and potyvirus with betelvine (Piper betle L.) as evidenced by ELISA and RT-PCR ... DAC-ELISA and RT-PCR tests were performed in leaf sap samples of betelvine for detection of a cucumovirus (Cucumber mosaic ... However, RT-PCR detected both cucumovirus and potyvirus infection in betelvine samples. Association of CMV with betelvine was ...
more infohttps://www.niscair.res.in/sciencecommunication/researchjournals/rejour/ijeb/ijeb2k3/ijeb_mar03.htm

Core Promoter Structure in the Oomycete Phytophthora infestans | Eukaryotic CellCore Promoter Structure in the Oomycete Phytophthora infestans | Eukaryotic Cell

Insect-mediated transmission of mixed and re-assorted cucumovirus genomic RNAs. J. Gen. Virol. 73:2105-2114. ...
more infohttps://ec.asm.org/content/3/1/91

Identification a coat protein region of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) essential for long-distance movement in cucumber, Archives...Identification a coat protein region of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) essential for long-distance movement in cucumber, Archives...

Comparison of the nucleic acid- and NTP-binding properties of the movement protein of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus and tobacco ... Role of cucumovirus capsid protein in long-distance movement within the infected plant ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/identification-a-coat-protein-region-of-cucumber-mosaic-virus-cmv-ls0WDK3H5F

alighting: Topics by WorldWideScience.orgalighting: Topics by WorldWideScience.org

Cucumovirus) can induce changes in its host plant, cucumber (Cucumis sativus cv. Marumba) that modifies the behaviour of its ...
more infohttps://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/a/alighting.html
  • The vectors may be arthropods, specifically insects of the order Hemiptera, family aphidae (colloquially one would say cucumovirus is transmitted by aphids). (wikipedia.org)
  • The first two belong to the genus Potyvirus and in general they occur more frequently than CMV, which is a species of the genus Cucumovirus. (usp.br)
  • Retrieved 3 June Oleander aphid can act as a vector of viruses in the genus Potyvirus and Cucumovirus. (whiteboyz.xyz)
  • In that time I have worked on the serology and epidemiology of the bromoviruses, cucumovirus detection, potyvirus phylogeny, geminivirus diversity and molecular biology, HIV and papillomavirus genetic diversity, and expressing various bits of viruses and other proteins in plants and in insect cells. (rybicki.blog)