An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood.
United States Department of Agriculture
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Hearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural
Plants, Genetically Modified
Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
Round Window, Ear
The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Herbals as Topic
An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.
Borrelia burgdorferi Group
Gram-negative helical bacteria, in the genus BORRELIA, that are the etiologic agents of LYME DISEASE. The group comprises many specific species including Borrelia afzelii, Borellia garinii, and BORRELIA BURGDORFERI proper. These spirochetes are generally transmitted by several species of ixodid ticks.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
The popular herbal antimalarial, extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, is potently cytotoxic. (1/4)The aqueous root extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (CSE) is a popular antimalarial in West African ethnomedicine. Cryptolepine (CLP), the major alkaloid of the plant, is a cytotoxic DNA intercalator that has promise as an anticancer agent. To date the aqueous root extract, the traditional antimalarial formulation, has not been evaluated for toxicity. In this study, we have examined the in vitro toxicity of CSE and CLP using V79 cells, a Chinese hamster lung fibroblast frequently used to assess genetic toxicity, and a number of organ-specific human cancer cell lines. CSE and CLP caused a dose- and time-dependent reduction in viability of the V79 cell line. Flow cytometric analysis of CSE- and CLP-treated (24 h) asynchronously growing V79 cells using propidium iodide (PI) staining revealed an accumulation of cells (up to 55%) in the sub-G1 phase of the cell cycle, indicative of cell death. The V79 cells and almost all the organ-specific human cancer cell lines exposed to CSE and CLP were profoundly growth inhibited, as measured in a clonogenicity assay. In a V79 cell mutation assay (hprt gene), CSE (5-50 microg/ml) only induced mutation at the highest dose employed (mutation frequency approximately 4 and 38 mutant clones per 10(6) cells for control and CSE, respectively), but CLP (0.5-5.0 microM) was not mutagenic. These results indicate that CSE and CLP are very cytotoxic and may be weak mammalian mutagens and/or clastogens. The poor genotoxicity of CSE and CLP coupled with their potent cytotoxic action support their anticancer potential. (+info)
Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of cryptolepain, a novel glycosylated serine protease from Cryptolepis buchanani. (2/4)Cryptolepain is a stable glycosylated novel serine protease purified from the latex of the medicinally important plant Cryptolepis buchanani. The molecular weight of the enzyme is 50.5 kDa, as determined by mass spectrometry. The sequence of the first 15 N-terminal resides of the protease showed little homology with those of other plant serine proteases, suggesting it to be structurally unique. Thus, it is of interest to solve the structure of the enzyme in order to better understand its structure-function relationship. X-ray diffraction data were collected from a crystal of cryptolepain and processed to 2.25 A with acceptable statistics. The crystals belong to the orthorhombic space group C222(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 81.78, b = 108.15, c = 119.86 A. The Matthews coefficient was 2.62 A(3) Da(-1) with one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The solvent content was found to be 53%. Structure determination of the enzyme is under way. (+info)
In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanolic fractions of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. (3/4)(+info)
Membrane perturbations induced by new analogs of neocryptolepine. (4/4)Indoloquinoline alkaloids represent an important class of antimalarial, antibacterial and antiviral compounds. Indolo[2,3-b]quinolines are a family of DNA intercalators and inhibitors of topoisomerase II, synthetic analogs of neocryptolepine, an alkaloid traditionally used in African folk medicine. These cytotoxic substances are promising anticancer agents. Active representatives of indolo[2,3-b]quinolines affect model and natural membranes. The distinct structure and hydrophobicity of the compounds leads to marked differences in the disturbing effects on membrane organization and function. Our results also indicated a strong relationship between the presence of the chain and the Poct of the molecule as well as the capacity for incorporation into carboxyfluorescein-trapped liposomes in the 0.02-0.06 mM range. Moreover, a correlation between binding to neutral dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) or negative charged dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine:dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPC:DMPG, 9:1 w/w) liposomes, as well as to erythrocyte ghosts and pKa, was also found. All the compounds cause hemolysis in isotonic conditions with concentration causing 50% hemolysis (HC50) in the 0.12-0.88 mM range. The concentration-dependent inhibitory effect of the tested agents on erythrocyte ghosts' acetylcholinesterase activity was also studied. (+info)
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Publication : USDA ARS
Interpretive Summary: The West African plant, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, is used in traditional medicine for malaria treatment and native populations are being negatively impacted by overharvesting and lack of conservation. The goal of scientists at the University of Tennessee, United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, and the University of Ghana was to develop DNA markers for this threatened plant species to aid in future studies of genetic diversity that will facilitate breeding and conservation of the species. We developed 13 variable DNA markers and demonstrated their usefulness by assessing genetic diversity of 22 plant samples collected from Ghana in West Africa. This study provides a valuable tool for plant breeders in selecting improved individuals and in helping conservation efforts for this species. Technical Abstract: Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter (Periplocaceae) is an herbaceous plant used in traditional medicine to treat malaria and ...
Schizothorax cryptolepis - Viquipèdia, lenciclopèdia lliure
McAllister, D.E., 1990. A working list of fishes of the world. Copies available from D.E. McAllister, Canadian Museum of Nature, P.O. Box 3443, Ottawa, Ontàrio K1P 6P4, Canadà. 2661 p. plus 1270 p. ...
MAPKAPK2 | Cancer Genetics Web
Cryptolepis sanguinolenta and its bioactive alkaloid, cryptolepine have shown anti-inflammatory activity. However, the underlying mechanism of anti-inflammatory action in neuronal cells has not been investigated. In the present study we evaluated an extract of C. sanguinolenta (CSE) and cryptolepine (CAS) on neuroinflammation induced with IL-1β in SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells. We then attempted to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of CAS in SK-N-SH cells. Cells were stimulated with 10 U/ml of IL-1β in the presence or absence of different concentrations of CSE (25-200 μg/ml) and CAS (2.5-20 μM). After 24 h incubation, culture media were collected to measure the production of PGE2 and the pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα and IL-6). Protein and gene expressions of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and microsomal prostaglandin synthase-1 (mPGES-1) were studied by immunoblotting and qPCR, respectively. CSE produced significant (p < 0.05) inhibition of TNFα, IL-6 and ...
Topoisomerases are highly specialized nuclear enzymes that remove superhelical tension on chromosomal DNA that allows replication and transcription of DNA. Many cancer chemotherapeutic drugs used in the clinics inhibit tumor growth by targeting topoisomerase functions resulting in DNA damage and cancer cell death. Cryptolepine, a major alkaloid isolated from Cryptolepis sanguinolenta plants roots, has shown anti-malarial, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory activities. In the present study, we examined the therapeutic effect of cryptolepine on non-melanoma skin cancer cells (NMSCC), SCC-13 and A431 as an in vitro model, and underlying mechanism of action with special emphasis on topoisomerases and DNA damage check points. Western blot analysis and enzyme activity evaluation assays demonstrated that SCC-13 and A431 cells express comparatively higher levels of topoisomerases and higher enzymatic activities compared with normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK). Topoisomerase ...
Inhibition of neuroinflammation in LPS-activated microglia by cryptolepine<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Inhibition of neuroinflammation in LPS-activated microglia by cryptolepine. AU - Olajide, Olumayokun A.. AU - Bhatia, Harsharan S.. AU - De Oliveira, Antonio C.P.. AU - Wright, Colin W.. AU - Fiebich, Bernd L.. PY - 2013/6/12. Y1 - 2013/6/12. N2 - Cryptolepine, an indoloquinoline alkaloid in Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, has anti-inflammatory property. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of cryptolepine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- induced neuroinflammation in rat microglia and its potential mechanisms. Microglial activation was induced by stimulation with LPS, and the effects of cryptolepine pretreatment on microglial activation and production of proinflammatory mediators, PGE2/COX-2, microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase and nitric oxide/iNOS were investigated. We further elucidated the role of Nuclear Factor-kappa B (NF-B) and the mitogen-activated protein kinases in the antiinflammatory actions of cryptolepine in LPS-stimulated microglia. Our results showed that ...
The Senses of Nature & SimplicityTM of DE BOUGAINVILLEA™ AROMA MUSCLE RELAX MASSAGE OIL is Natural Therapy Solutions™ that formulated with several naturally-derived ingredients such as Alpinia Galanga Essential Oil, Zingiber Cassumunar Root Essential Oil, Citrus Hystrix Peel Essential Oil, Cryptolepis Buchanani Extract, Curcuma Aromatic Root Extract, Cymbopogon Citratus Essential Oil, Derris Scandens Extract, and Pogostemon Cablin Extract. These well-blended natural ingredients offer natural therapeutic properties of analgesic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory activities. It is capable to penetrate into cells skin which effectively helps relaxing along with assisting muscle pain relief for the arm, shoulder, elbow, knee, back, thigh, leg, and foot. Together, its aroma reduces stress, and assists nervous system sedative and tonic. Suitable for all skin types. FDA Licensed Product. ...
Sambang Colok (Aerva sanguinolenta(L.) | CCRC
Sambang colok leaves in general treatment used as irregular menstruation medicine, medication to relieve menstrual pain, urinary substandard medicine, gonorrhea medicine, anemia medicine, vaginal discharge medicine, helminthic, and uterine inflammatory medicine (Sudarman, 1975).. 7. Anticancer Research. Cytotoxic test result for MCF-7 cells show that ethanolic extract of sambang colok leaves have IC50 value amount 423 μg/ml whereas doxorubicin test in the same cell has IC50 value amount 327,6 nM. Synergistic (that CI , 0,9) appear in combination of extract ethanolic sambang colok leaves - doxorubicin concentration 211,7 μg/ml - 200 nM; 211,7 μg/ml - 150 nM; 158,8 μg/ml - 200 nM; dan 158,8 μg/ml - 150 nM. It show that synergic combination can occur in concentration under a half of IC50 value from ethanolic extract of sambang colok leaves or doxorubicin (Untung et al., 2008 ...
Library | North Star Vet Clinic British Columbia
Whipworm Infections in Dogs. Los gusanos látigo son parásitos intestinales de una longitud aproximada de 6 mm (1/4 inch). Viven en el ciego y el colon (intestino grueso) de los perros donde provocan irritación en el revestimiento de estos órganos. Los gusanos látigo provocan diarrea acuosa y sanguinolenta, pérdida de peso y debilidad generalizada. Son uno de los gusanos más patogénicos en perros. ...
Nitradisc - Tocolytic Agents, Vasodilator Agents, Nitrates and Nitrites, ATC:C01DA02
Aumento de la presión intracraneal, con alguno o todos de dolor de cabeza pulsátil persistente, confusión y fiebre moderada, vértigo, palpitaciones, trastornos visuales, náuseas y vómitos (posiblemente con cólicos y incluso diarrea sanguinolenta), síncope (especialmente en la postura erguida), falta de aire y la disnea, seguida más tarde por el esfuerzo respiratorio reducido, diaforesis, con la piel, ya sea lavando o fría y húmeda, el corazón bloque y bradicardia, parálisis, coma, convulsiones, muerte ...
Starfish, seastars, blood stars
Digital still photograph from Massachusetts Bay near Cohasset, MA, showing seastars (Asterias sp.), blood stars (Henricia sanguinolenta), blood drop tunicates (Dendrodoa carnea), mussels, and barnacles on cobbles and boulders covered with bubblegum algae and red filamentous algae. Water depth at this location is approximately 19.6 meters. ...
Structure-activity relationship of antiparasitic and cytotoxic indoloquinoline alkaloids, and their tricyclic and bicyclic...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Structure-activity relationship of antiparasitic and cytotoxic indoloquinoline alkaloids, and their tricyclic and bicyclic analogues. AU - Van Baelen, Gitte. AU - Hostyn, Steven. AU - Dhooghe, Liene. AU - Tapolcsányi, P.. AU - Mátyus, P.. AU - Lemière, Guy. AU - Dommisse, Roger. AU - Kaiser, Marcel. AU - Brun, Reto. AU - Cos, Paul. AU - Maes, Louis. AU - Hajós, G.. AU - Riedl, Z.. AU - Nagy, Ildikó. AU - Maes, Bert U W. AU - Pieters, Luc. PY - 2009/10/15. Y1 - 2009/10/15. N2 - Based on the indoloquinoline alkaloids cryptolepine (1), neocryptolepine (2), isocryptolepine (3) and isoneocryptolepine (4), used as lead compounds for new antimalarial agents, a series of tricyclic and bicyclic analogues, including carbolines, azaindoles, pyrroloquinolines and pyrroloisoquinolines was synthesized and biologically evaluated. None of the bicyclic compounds was significantly active against the chloroquine-resistant strain Plasmodium falciparum K1, in contrast to the tricyclic ...
Dissertation Proposal Example - Aqa English Gcse Coursework | Write My Essay
Because of this, they are social to work only, sharing the interest and combining their assignments to learn from one another and accomplish a dissertation proposal example. Neocryptolepine varies from the policy or water television with customer to the dissertation proposal example of the basis curriculum based on the write-up theory. Bailey and his work well are often universal in the grandmothers dogs or benefits, and the requirements show ever disdain, bordering on dissertation proposal example, when speaking to the grandmother.
Plant Disease 1989 | Recurrence of Natively Occurring Potato Yellow Dwarf Virus in Minnesota
Potato yellow dwarf virus (PYDV), which has not been reported from the midwestern United States for the past 40 years, occurred naturally during 1986 1988 in Minnesota in ornamental tobacco (Nicotiana alata), marigold (Tagetes erecta), zinnia (Zinnia elegans), and four-o clock (Mirabilis jalapa), causing severe stunting, chlorosis, vein yellowing, and systemic vein and leaf necrosis. PYDV also occurred naturally in white clover (Trifolium repens) in mixed infections with clover yellow vein virus. The Minnesota PYDV was identified serologically as a PYDV-S (sanguinolenta) isolate, and its biological properties were similar to those of previously described PYDV-S isolates. Perennial Trifolium spp. may provide reservoirs of both PYDV and its cicadellid vector, Aceratagallia sanguinolenta, which is common in Minnesota.. ...
Data Presented at ASM Microbe Highlight In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of AVYCAZ® (ceftazidime and
DUBLIN, June 20, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Data Presented at ASM Microbe Highlight In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of AVYCAZ® (ceftazidime and avibactam)...
Chemical characterization and in vitro antimicrobial activity of honeybee propolis and Scaptotrigona jujuyensis geopropolis...
Chemical characterization and in vitro antimicrobial activity of honeybee propolis and Scaptotrigona jujuyensis geopropolis against tomato pathogenic bacteria
List of plants of Burkina Faso
Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schltr. Cryptostegia grandiflora R.Br. ex Lindl. Ctenium canescens Benth. Ctenium elegans ... Croton nigritanus Scott-Elliot Croton pseudopulchellus Pax Croton scarciesii Scott-Elliot Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) ...
Cryptolepis R.Br. Cryptostegia R.Br. Decalepis Wight & Arn. Ectadium E.Mey. Epistemma D.V.Field & J.B.Hall Finlaysonia Wall. ... sometimes included in Cryptolepis) Sarcorrhiza Bullock Schlechterella K.Schum. Stomatostemma N.E. Br. (sometimes included in ... Cryptolepis) Streptocaulon Wight & Arn. Tacazzea Decne. Telectadium Baill. Zygostelma Benth. Endress, Mary E.; Liede-Schumann, ...
Kenneth Kent Mackenzie
Carex cryptolepis Mack. Carex cumulata Mack. Carex cusickii Mack. ex Piper & Beattie Carex davyi Mack. Carex debiliformis Mack ...
List of Apocynaceae of South Africa
indigenous Cryptolepis obtusa N.E.Br. indigenous Cryptolepis transvaalensis Schltr. accepted as Cryptolepis cryptolepioides ( ... indigenous Genus Cryptolepis: Cryptolepis capensis Schltr. indigenous Cryptolepis cryptolepioides (Schltr.) Bullock, indigenous ... accepted as Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr. Ectadiopsis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Benth. accepted as Cryptolepis ... indigenous Cryptolepis delagoensis Schltr. indigenous Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr. ...
List of Minnesota grasses, sedges, and rushes
Carex cryptolepis (northeastern sedge; native) Carex davisii (Davis's sedge; native) Carex debilis (white-edged sedge; native) ...
List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes
Wrightia natalensis Stapf Cryptolepis decidua (Planch. ex Hook.f. & Benth.) N.E.Br. Ectadium latifolium (Schinz) N.E.Br. ...
Toinowate, wolna encyklopedia
Cryptolepis R. Brown. *Cryptostegia R. Brown. *Decalepis Wight & Arnott. *Ectadium E. Meyer ...
Cryptolepis pauciflora, Cryptolepis sinensis, Cryptostegia madagascariensis, Cynanchum carnosum, Ficus benghalensis, Ficus ... The more commonly used plants are Ficus racemosa, Nerium oleander, Nerium odorum, and Cryptolepis buchananii. Ficus pumila a ...
Ivan Addae Mensah
Influence of age and staking on the growth and cryptolepine concentration in cultivated roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta ( ... Lindl.) Schlt Journal of Medicinal Plants Research (2016) Genetic diversity and cryptolepine concentration of Cryptolepis ...
Gary E. Martin
... a Minor Alkaloid of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta: Submilligram 1H-13C and 1H-15N Heteronuclear Shift Correlation Experiments Using ...
List of Nature Conservation Act rare flora of Queensland
Thulimbah C.Schindler 6) Cryptocarya burckiana Cryptocarya claudiana Cryptocarya floydii Cryptocarya glaucocarpa Cryptolepis ...
List of moths of Uganda
Psara cryptolepis (Martin, 1956) Pyrausta fulvilinealis Hampson, 1918 Pyrausta gazalis Hampson, 1913 Stemorrhages sericea ( ...
... may refer to: Vallaris sinensis, a synonym for Cryptolepis sinensis, a plant species Vespertilio sinensis, the ...
Doi Suthep-Pui National Park
Cryptolepis dubia, Globba nisbetiana, Neuropeltis racemosa fever relief: Thunbergia laurifolia, Tithonia diversfolia healing ...
C. elegans (disambiguation)
... found eastern Africa Cryptolepis elegans, a synonym for Cryptolepis sinensis, a species Cynanchum elegans, the white-flowered ... elegans Cryptochile elegans Cryptochilum elegans Cryptoditha elegans Cryptographis elegans Cryptolaria elegans Cryptolepis ...
... a synonym for Cryptolepis sinensis, a plant species Flora Sinensis This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the ...
... syn of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta P. sinensis, syn of Cryptolepis sinensis P. tenacissima, syn of Marsdenia tenacissima P. ...
List of MeSH codes (B06)
... cryptolepis MeSH B06.388.100.099.110 - cynanchum MeSH B06.388.100.099.222 - gymnema MeSH B06.388.100.099.222.500 - gymnema ...
List of Gentianales of South Africa
Genus Cryptolepis: Genus Cryptostegia: Genus Curroria: Genus Cynanchum: Genus Daemia: Genus Dichaelia: Genus Diplorhynchus: ...
... a human liver fluke species Cryptolepis sinensis, a plant species Cordyceps sinensis, a species of fungus Calyptraea sinensis, ...
... cryptolepis T. Y. Fu & M. R. Ye, 1984 Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel, 1838 (Sattar snowtrout) Schizothorax ...
List of least concern plants
... lophophora Brachystelma schinzii Brachystelma schultzei Ceropegia decidua Ceropegia dinteri Cryptolepis arbuscula Cryptolepis ... fringed sedge Carex cryptolepis, northeastern sedge Carex cusickii, Cusick's sedge Carex davalliana Carex debilis, white-edge ...
Cryptolepis Rubiaceae: Anthorrhiza, Anthospermum, Hydnophytum, Hydrophylax, Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum, Phylohydrax, Squamellaria ...
Thevetia peruviana) Catharanthus roseus Cerbera manghas Cryptolepis dubia Holarrhena pubescens Hoodia gordonii Hoya carnosa ... Asclepias curassavica dehiscent follicles shedding seeds with unfurled pappi Cerbera manghas Cryptolepis dubia Holarrhena ...
... chinense now Cryptolepis sinensis S. cochinchinense now Calotropis gigantea S. divaricatum now Strophanthus divaricatus S. ... Cryptolepis, Myriopteron, Periploca, Strophanthus, Vincetoxicum) S. calophyllum now Periploca calophylla S. ...
Psara cryptolepis (E. L. Martin, 1956) Psara dorcalis (Guenée, 1862) Psara dryalis (Walker, 1859) Psara ferruginalis ( ...
Cryptolepis buchananii Cynanchum (recorded on C. abyssinicum, C. acutum, C. altiscandens, C. amplexicaule, C. carnosum, C. ...
1841, syn of Omphalogonus calophyllus P. capsularis, syn of Parsonsia capsularis P. chinensis, syn of Cryptolepis sinensis P. ... syn of Cryptolepis bifida P. calophylla (Baill.) Roberty 1953 not (Wight) Falc. ...
List of moths of Burundi
Psara cryptolepis (Martin, 1956) Udea ferrugalis (Hübner, 1796) Jana fletcheri Berger, 1980 Jana roseata Rothschild, 1917 ...
... pinnata Costantin & Gallaud Formerly included Moved to other genera (Cryptolepis, Ischnolepis, Petopentia, Secamone ... P. albicans now Cryptolepis albicans P. graminifolia now Ischnolepis graminifolia P. linearifolia now Secamone geayi P. ...
Cryptolepis - Wikipedia
Schizothorax cryptolepis - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
Schizothorax cryptolepis». Catalogue of Life. (anglès) (anglès). Bases de dades taxonòmiques. EOL Fishbase GBIF ITIS NCBI WoRMS ... Schizothorax cryptolepis és una espècie de peix de la família dels ciprínids i de lordre dels cipriniformes. ... Obtingut de «https://ca.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Schizothorax_cryptolepis&oldid=20210068» ...
Cryptolepis cryptolepioides - Wikipedia
Cryptolepis cryptolepioides is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is a twining climber in shrubs and ... "Cryptolepis cryptolepioides (Schltr.) Bullock". The Plant List (2010). Version 1. Retrieved 20 October 2013. CS1 maint: ... "Cryptolepis cryptolepidioides (Schltr.) Bullock". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 20 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged ... discouraged parameter (link) "Cryptolepis cryptolepidioides (Schltr.) Bullock". African Plant Database. Conservatoire et Jardin ...
Cryptolepis dubia - Wikispecies
Genus: Cryptolepis Species: Cryptolepis dubia Name. Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 3A: 221 ( ... Note: See Cryptolepis Discussion Page regarding synonymy. References. *Almeida, M.R. 2001. Flora of Maharashtra State 3A ... Cryptolepis dubia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ... Cryptolepis buchananii Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4: 409 (1819) ...
Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter
Cryptolepis sanguinolenta,/i,.,i, Results,/i,. The detailed review of various studies conducted on,i, C. sanguinolenta,/i, and ... i,Ethnopharmacological Relevance,/i,.,i, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta,/i, is a scrambling thin-stemmed shrub found in Africa. ... K. B. Mensah, Reproductive and developmental toxicity of the aqueous root extract of the antimalarial herbal Cryptolepis ... Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter. Newman Osafo. ,1 Kwesi Boadu Mensah ...
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Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory, and Chondroprotective Activities of Cryptolepis buchanani Extract: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies
... ... Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. & Schult. is widely used in folk medicine in Southeast Asia for treating muscle tension and ... Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. & Schult. (Asclepiadaceae) is a climbing tree found in evergreen forest in Thailand, China, India, ... K. Sunil, D. Batuk, N. Sharma, and P. V. Sharria, "A new nicotinoyl glucoside from Cryptolepis buchanani," Phytochemistry, vol ...
Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in lipopolysaccharide - stimulated human primary monocytes - University of...
Cryptolepis sanguinoleta is a shrub used in West Africa for the treatment of fevers, and inflammatory conditions. In the ... Olajide, Olumayokun A, Wright, Colin W and Fiebich, B.L. (2007) Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in ... Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in lipopolysaccharide - stimulated human primary monocytes ...
CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult.
Cryptosin, a cardenolide from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani - [email protected]
Cryptolepis buchanani;Asclepiadaceae;cardenolide; 3β-(d-deoxy glucose-oxy)-14β,11β-di- hydroxy-7α,8α-epoxy-12-oxo-5β-card-20 ( ... A new cardenolide named cryptosin was isolated from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani. By spectral studies and single crystal ... a cardenolide from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani. In: Phytochemistry, 28 (4). pp. 1203-1205. ...
A novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization - DRO
Cryptolepis. Enzyme Inhibitors. Enzyme Stability. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Molecular Sequence Data. Serine Endopeptidases. ... Cryptolepis buchanani. cryptolepain. anti-cryptolepain. SUBTILISIN-LIKE PROTEASE. SUBSTRATE-SPECIFICITY. ERVATAMIA-CORONARIA. ... A novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization. Pande, Monu, ... A novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization ...
CSA tincture - cryptolepis+sida acuta+alchornea extract - Belfast Herbs
Cryptolepis root tincture. $11.99 - $32.99 Select options. CSA; cryptolepis+sida+alchornea capsules Houttuynia cordata capsules ... SKU: N/A Categories: CSA; cryptolepis s.,sida acuta & alchornea c. mixture, Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta Root "ghanain quinine", ... Note, Cryptolepis is not recommended for pregnant women or those attempting to get pregnant. Upon request we can mix a similar ... CSA tincture - cryptolepis+sida acuta+alchornea extract. Rated 5.00 out of 5 based on 2 customer ratings ...
Cryptolepis buchanani - Thao-En-On - 1 Box - 100 Cap - Than
Cryptolepis buchanani relieves aches and muscle tension, improves arteria blood flow and softens deformity and stiffness of ... Cryptolepis buchanani (in Thai: Thao-En-On) grows wild and is a climbing liana. The leaves are petiolate, glabrous, elliptic or ... Home,Asian Herbs>Asian Herbal Capsules>Cryptolepis buchanani - Thao-En-On - 1 Box - 100 Cap - Than ... 1 Box Cryptolepis buchanani (in Thai: Thao-En-On) from Thanyaporn - 100 Capsules ...
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PRIUS is one of the best choices for your purchase of cryptolepis sanguinolenta extract and you must not miss it. Here you can ... Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta Extract. 1. English name: cryptolepis sanguinolenta extract. 2. Other name: Cryptolepis sinensis ... 2.Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta Extract is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona ... Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta Extract is available are Stem,Leaf, and their powders for anti-malaria; anti-inflammatory; also ...
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Seven Herbal Medicines Can Kill Lyme Disease Bacteria in Test Tube
Further, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta and Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed) showed strong activity against both growing B. ... Of these products, the Cryptolepis sanguinolenta extract caused complete eradication, while doxycycline and cefuroxime and ... and additional laboratory and clinical studies should be conducted to investigate the potential role Cryptolepis sanguinolenta ...
Antimicrobials from plants
Toinowate - Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia
Publication : USDA ARS
Title: Characterization of thirteen microsatellite loci from the Ghanian antimalarial plant Cryptolepis sanguinolenta Author. ... Technical Abstract: Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter (Periplocaceae) is an herbaceous plant used in traditional ... Interpretive Summary: The West African plant, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, is used in traditional medicine for malaria treatment ... Characterization of thirteen microsatellite loci from the Ghanian antimalarial plant Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. Journal of ...
Polymers containing antimicrobial agents and methods for making and using same - Magellan Companies, Inc.
Herbal Extracts - "Simple Extracts" - Woodland Essence
In preparing our extracts here at Woodland Essence, we begin with vibrant, organically grown fresh or dried herbs. We grow many of the freshly gathered plants we use in preparing our extracts or wildcraft from pristine areas throughout the Adirondack region of New York. Each plant is joyfully harvested in season with r
Augrabies Plants. - Page 6 - SANParks.org Forums
Really trying to hold on to some hope - Lyme Disease - HealingWell.com Forum
cryptolepis. I mean it would just get ridiculous. That would be 25+ herbs.. So what I could probably do is pick up Crypto since ... 15-Cryptolepis 16-Tox Ease GL Then on top of this I took vitamins, astragalus (pill form), CoQ10, Mushroom complex, cinnamon, ... 15-Cryptolepis 16-Tox Ease GL Then on top of this I took vitamins, astragalus (pill form), CoQ10, Mushroom complex, cinnamon, ... 15-Cryptolepis 16-Tox Ease GL Then on top of this I took vitamins, astragalus (pill form), CoQ10, Mushroom complex, cinnamon, ...
Alkaloidal - definition of alkaloidal by The Free Dictionary
Drug Information Portal - U.S. National Library of Medicine - Quick Access to Quality Drug Information
Cryptopyrum - Cunila
Ethnobotanical medicine is effective against the bacterium causing Lyme disease | EurekAlert! Science News
Format: Article / Topic: 3 selected - OpenAgricola Search Results
- Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. (hindawi.com)
- Cryptolepis buchanani (in Thai: Thao-En-On) grows wild and is a climbing liana. (blue-point-international.com)
- Cryptosin-a new cardenolide in tissue culture and intact plants of Cryptolepis buchanani Roem & Schult. (thefreedictionary.com)
- A novel protease is purified to homogeneity from the latex of a medicinally important plant Cryptolepis buchanani of family Apocynaceae (formerly Asclepiadaceae). (usda.gov)
- The stem of Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. (biomedcentral.com)
- 2.Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta Extract is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. (prius-biotech.com)
- Of these products, the Cryptolepis sanguinolenta extract caused complete eradication, while doxycycline and cefuroxime and other active herbs did not. (lymedisease.org)
- This study is believed to be the first time this extract has been documented to have a potential impact on B. burgdorferi, and additional laboratory and clinical studies should be conducted to investigate the potential role Cryptolepis sanguinolenta could play in the treatment of Lyme disease. (lymedisease.org)
- Cryptolepis cryptolepioides is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. (wikipedia.org)
- Cryptolepine, a major alkaloid isolated from Cryptolepis sanguinolenta plant's roots, has shown anti-malarial, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory activities. (aacrjournals.org)
- BioPure Cryptolepis-Organic Corn Alcohol has amajor alkaloid of the roots, cryptolepine (CLP), is reported to possess a multiplicity of biological effects. (lymehub.com)
- Cryptolepine, an indoloquinoline alkaloid in Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, has anti-inflammatory property. (hud.ac.uk)
- Cryptolepis may refer to: Cryptolepis (fish), an extinct fish genus from the Devonian Cryptolepis (plant), a plant genus This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct genera with the same name. (wikipedia.org)
- This plant belongs to the genus Cryptolepis and the species sanguinolenta [ 28 , 29 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl. (hindawi.com)
- The African-indigenous, scrambling thin-stemmed shrub, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl. (hindawi.com)
- Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl. (usda.gov)
- Inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammatory response by polysaccharide fractions of Khaya grandifoliola (C.D.C.) stem bark, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl. (readbyqxmd.com)
- Khaya grandifoliola (C.D.C.) stem bark, Cymbopogon citratus (Stapf) and Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl. (readbyqxmd.com)
- This study provides the first convincing evidence that some of the herbs used by patients such as Cryptolepis, black walnut, sweet wormwood, cat's claw, and Japanese knotweed have potent activity against Lyme disease bacteria, especially the dormant persister forms, which are not killed by the current Lyme antibiotics," says Dr Ying Zhang from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (eurekalert.org)
- Cryptolepis sinensis (Lour. (climb.com.tw)
- Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindi. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Cryptolepis, sida acuta, wormwood/artemisinin. (phoenixrising.me)
- H(051) paludism, roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta with Alstonia boonei and Lantana camara leaves and of Ananas comosus peels, décoction, VO. (africamuseum.be)
- Cryptolepis sanguinolenta is widely used in the West African community and other localities in the management of various ailments, as summarized in Table 1 . (hindawi.com)
- The West African plant, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, is used in traditional medicine for malaria treatment and native populations are being negatively impacted by overharvesting and lack of conservation. (usda.gov)
- Further, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta and Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed) showed strong activity against both growing B. burgdorferi (MIC = 0.03-0.06% and 0.25-0.5%, respectively) and non-growing stationary-phase B. burgdorferi . (lymedisease.org)
- Excerpta Medica Database, Google Scholar, Springer, and PubMed Central were the electronic databases used to search for and filter primary studies on Cryptolepis sanguinolenta . (hindawi.com)
- BioPure ® Cryptolepis is a potent botanical extract that contains a diverse array of alkaloid and polyphenolic compounds, including crypt olepine , that support immune function and microbial balance. (biopureus.com)
- Cryptolepis ( Cryptolepis sanguinolenta ) contains the indole alkaloid cryptolepine that provides broad-spectrum support for biological processes, particularly microbial balance. (biopureus.com)
- BioPure Cryptolepis-Organic Corn Alcohol has amajor alkaloid of the roots, cryptolepine (CLP), is reported to possess a multiplicity of biological effects. (lymehub.com)
- The first total synthesis of cryptomisrine, a novel indolo[3,2- b]quinoline dimeric alkaloid from Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, is reported. (edu.sa)
- McCurrie et al University of Bradford studied the actions of cryptolepine, an indoloquinoline alkaloid extracted from the West African climbing shrub Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, which is reported to possess antibacterial properties and activity on aadrenoceptors in rat intestine, to ascertain whether nitric oxide might be involved in its smoothmusclerelaxant effects. (kdsk.com.ua)
- Proprietary Ultra Rapid Absorption Blend Artemisinin (Extract from Artemisia annua) Sweet Wormwood Leaf (Artemisia annua) Cryptolepis Root (C. Sanguinolenta)Hairy Beggarticks Root (B. Pilosa)Yarrow. (biostarorganix.com)
- The two used were bidens and cryptolepis and I purchased them from a good website called Woodland Essence which is one of the websites that Stephen Buhner recommends. (mayoclinic.org)