Cryptolepis: A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. Members contain the alkaloids quindoline, CSA-3, cryptolepine, and neocryptolepine.Bromeliaceae: A plant family of the order Bromeliales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons).Quinine: An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.New YorkHearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural: Hearing loss due to damage or impairment of both the conductive elements (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE) and the sensorineural elements (HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL) of the ear.Ossicular Prosthesis: An implant used to replace one or more of the ear ossicles. They are usually made of plastic, Gelfoam, ceramic, or stainless steel.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Beauty: Characteristics or attributes of persons or things which elicit pleasurable feelings.Accommodation, Ocular: The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Beauty CultureTravel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.HerbalsHerbals as Topic: Works about books, articles or other publications on herbs or plants describing their medicinal value.Lyme Disease: An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.Ambroxol: A metabolite of BROMHEXINE that stimulates mucociliary action and clears the air passages in the respiratory tract. It is usually administered as the hydrochloride.Borrelia burgdorferi: A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.Orchidaceae: A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Martinique: An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)Polygonum cuspidatum: A plant species of the family POLYGONACEAE. Itadori tea is prepared from the root of this genus.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Borrelia burgdorferi Group: Gram-negative helical bacteria, in the genus BORRELIA, that are the etiologic agents of LYME DISEASE. The group comprises many specific species including Borrelia afzelii, Borellia garinii, and BORRELIA BURGDORFERI proper. These spirochetes are generally transmitted by several species of ixodid ticks.Planets: Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.Earth (Planet): Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Evolution, Planetary: Creation and development of bodies within solar systems, includes study of early planetary geology.Mycoplasma genitalium: A species of gram-negative bacteria originally isolated from urethral specimens of patients with non-gonoccocal URETHRITIS. In primates it exists in parasitic association with ciliated EPITHELIAL CELLS in the genital and respiratory tracts.Mycoplasma Infections: Infections with species of the genus MYCOPLASMA.Mycoplasma: A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial: Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.Health Insurance Exchanges: State-provided health insurance marketplaces established under the PATIENT PROTECTION AND AFFORDABLE CARE ACT.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Achillea: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that has long been used in folk medicine for treating wounds.Neuroblastoma: A common neoplasm of early childhood arising from neural crest cells in the sympathetic nervous system, and characterized by diverse clinical behavior, ranging from spontaneous remission to rapid metastatic progression and death. This tumor is the most common intraabdominal malignancy of childhood, but it may also arise from thorax, neck, or rarely occur in the central nervous system. Histologic features include uniform round cells with hyperchromatic nuclei arranged in nests and separated by fibrovascular septa. Neuroblastomas may be associated with the opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2099-2101; Curr Opin Oncol 1998 Jan;10(1):43-51)Intramolecular Oxidoreductases: Enzymes of the isomerase class that catalyze the oxidation of one part of a molecule with a corresponding reduction of another part of the same molecule. They include enzymes converting aldoses to ketoses (ALDOSE-KETOSE ISOMERASES), enzymes shifting a carbon-carbon double bond (CARBON-CARBON DOUBLE BOND ISOMERASES), and enzymes transposing S-S bonds (SULFUR-SULFUR BOND ISOMERASES). (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 5.3.Receptors, GABA-A: Cell surface proteins which bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and contain an integral membrane chloride channel. Each receptor is assembled as a pentamer from a pool of at least 19 different possible subunits. The receptors belong to a superfamily that share a common CYSTEINE loop.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Chemistry, Organic: The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Chemistry, Clinical: The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.Chemistry Techniques, Synthetic: Methods used for the chemical synthesis of compounds. Included under this heading are laboratory methods used to synthesize a variety of chemicals and drugs.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.BooksCuldoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the female pelvic viscera by means of an endoscope introduced into the pelvic cavity through the posterior vaginal fornix.Plague Vaccine: A suspension of killed Yersinia pestis used for immunizing people in enzootic plague areas.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Pimpinella: A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.Sri LankaNatural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)HumanitiesBiological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.PyransStereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Alkenes: Unsaturated hydrocarbons of the type Cn-H2n, indicated by the suffix -ene. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p408)Dictionaries, MedicalCardenolides: C(23)-steroids with methyl groups at C-10 and C-13 and a five-membered lactone at C-17. They are aglycone constituents of CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES and must have at least one double bond in the molecule. The class includes cardadienolides and cardatrienolides. Members include DIGITOXIN and DIGOXIN and their derivatives and the STROPHANTHINS.Apocynaceae: The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Nerium: A plant genus of the family APOCYNACEAE. It is a very poisonous plant that contains cardioactive agents.Microglia: The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.Indole Alkaloids: Group of alkaloids containing a benzylpyrrole group (derived from TRYPTOPHAN)QuinaldinesAspidosperma: A plant genus of the family APOCYNACEAE. It contains ellipticine.Keratinocytes: Epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo characteristic changes as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin. Successive stages of differentiation of the keratinocytes forming the epidermal layers are basal cell, spinous or prickle cell, and the granular cell.DNA, Superhelical: Circular duplex DNA isolated from viruses, bacteria and mitochondria in supercoiled or supertwisted form. This superhelical DNA is endowed with free energy. During transcription, the magnitude of RNA initiation is proportional to the DNA superhelicity.DNA Topoisomerases, Type I: DNA TOPOISOMERASES that catalyze ATP-independent breakage of one of the two strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strand through the break, and rejoining of the broken strand. DNA Topoisomerases, Type I enzymes reduce the topological stress in the DNA structure by relaxing the superhelical turns and knotted rings in the DNA helix.DNA Topoisomerases, Type II: DNA TOPOISOMERASES that catalyze ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. These enzymes bring about relaxation of the supercoiled DNA and resolution of a knotted circular DNA duplex.Telomerase: An essential ribonucleoprotein reverse transcriptase that adds telomeric DNA to the ends of eukaryotic CHROMOSOMES.Telomere: A terminal section of a chromosome which has a specialized structure and which is involved in chromosomal replication and stability. Its length is believed to be a few hundred base pairs.Telomere Shortening: The loss of some TELOMERE sequence during DNA REPLICATION of the first several base pairs of a linear DNA molecule; or from DNA DAMAGE. Cells have various mechanisms to restore length (TELOMERE HOMEOSTASIS.) Telomere shortening is involved in the progression of CELL AGING.Cell Aging: The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.DNA, Single-Stranded: A single chain of deoxyribonucleotides that occurs in some bacteria and viruses. It usually exists as a covalently closed circle.Inventories, Hospital: Materials and equipment in stock; includes drugs in pharmacies, blood in blood banks, etc.Echinacea: A genus of perennial herbs used topically and internally. It contains echinacoside, GLYCOSIDES; INULIN; isobutyl amides, resin, and SESQUITERPENES.Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Medical Indigency: The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.Araliaceae: The ginseng plant family of the order Apiales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Leaves are generally alternate, large, and compound. Flowers are five-parted and arranged in compound flat-topped umbels. The fruit is a berry or (rarely) a drupe (a one-seeded fruit). It is well known for plant preparations used as adaptogens (immune support and anti-fatigue).Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Medical Records, Problem-Oriented: A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.Medicine, East Asian Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.Medicine, Tibetan Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Tibetan culture.Inula: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain INULIN, alantol, helenin, alantic acid, and acrid resin.Medicine, Korean Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people of KOREA.Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane: SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining cyclohexane rings but with a different configuration from the ARTEMISININS.Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Ear, Inner: The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.Semicircular Canals: Three long canals (anterior, posterior, and lateral) of the bony labyrinth. They are set at right angles to each other and are situated posterosuperior to the vestibule of the bony labyrinth (VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH). The semicircular canals have five openings into the vestibule with one shared by the anterior and the posterior canals. Within the canals are the SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS.Ear, Middle: The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.

The popular herbal antimalarial, extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, is potently cytotoxic. (1/4)

The aqueous root extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (CSE) is a popular antimalarial in West African ethnomedicine. Cryptolepine (CLP), the major alkaloid of the plant, is a cytotoxic DNA intercalator that has promise as an anticancer agent. To date the aqueous root extract, the traditional antimalarial formulation, has not been evaluated for toxicity. In this study, we have examined the in vitro toxicity of CSE and CLP using V79 cells, a Chinese hamster lung fibroblast frequently used to assess genetic toxicity, and a number of organ-specific human cancer cell lines. CSE and CLP caused a dose- and time-dependent reduction in viability of the V79 cell line. Flow cytometric analysis of CSE- and CLP-treated (24 h) asynchronously growing V79 cells using propidium iodide (PI) staining revealed an accumulation of cells (up to 55%) in the sub-G1 phase of the cell cycle, indicative of cell death. The V79 cells and almost all the organ-specific human cancer cell lines exposed to CSE and CLP were profoundly growth inhibited, as measured in a clonogenicity assay. In a V79 cell mutation assay (hprt gene), CSE (5-50 microg/ml) only induced mutation at the highest dose employed (mutation frequency approximately 4 and 38 mutant clones per 10(6) cells for control and CSE, respectively), but CLP (0.5-5.0 microM) was not mutagenic. These results indicate that CSE and CLP are very cytotoxic and may be weak mammalian mutagens and/or clastogens. The poor genotoxicity of CSE and CLP coupled with their potent cytotoxic action support their anticancer potential.  (+info)

Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of cryptolepain, a novel glycosylated serine protease from Cryptolepis buchanani. (2/4)

Cryptolepain is a stable glycosylated novel serine protease purified from the latex of the medicinally important plant Cryptolepis buchanani. The molecular weight of the enzyme is 50.5 kDa, as determined by mass spectrometry. The sequence of the first 15 N-terminal resides of the protease showed little homology with those of other plant serine proteases, suggesting it to be structurally unique. Thus, it is of interest to solve the structure of the enzyme in order to better understand its structure-function relationship. X-ray diffraction data were collected from a crystal of cryptolepain and processed to 2.25 A with acceptable statistics. The crystals belong to the orthorhombic space group C222(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 81.78, b = 108.15, c = 119.86 A. The Matthews coefficient was 2.62 A(3) Da(-1) with one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The solvent content was found to be 53%. Structure determination of the enzyme is under way.  (+info)

In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanolic fractions of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. (3/4)

 (+info)

Membrane perturbations induced by new analogs of neocryptolepine. (4/4)

Indoloquinoline alkaloids represent an important class of antimalarial, antibacterial and antiviral compounds. Indolo[2,3-b]quinolines are a family of DNA intercalators and inhibitors of topoisomerase II, synthetic analogs of neocryptolepine, an alkaloid traditionally used in African folk medicine. These cytotoxic substances are promising anticancer agents. Active representatives of indolo[2,3-b]quinolines affect model and natural membranes. The distinct structure and hydrophobicity of the compounds leads to marked differences in the disturbing effects on membrane organization and function. Our results also indicated a strong relationship between the presence of the chain and the Poct of the molecule as well as the capacity for incorporation into carboxyfluorescein-trapped liposomes in the 0.02-0.06 mM range. Moreover, a correlation between binding to neutral dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) or negative charged dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine:dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPC:DMPG, 9:1 w/w) liposomes, as well as to erythrocyte ghosts and pKa, was also found. All the compounds cause hemolysis in isotonic conditions with concentration causing 50% hemolysis (HC50) in the 0.12-0.88 mM range. The concentration-dependent inhibitory effect of the tested agents on erythrocyte ghosts' acetylcholinesterase activity was also studied.  (+info)

*Cryptolepis oblongifolia

Media related to Cryptolepis oblongifolia at Wikimedia Commons Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Cryptolepis ... "Cryptolepis oblongifolia Schltr". Flora of Zambia. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr". Red ... "Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr". The Plant List (2010). Version 1. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Cryptolepis ... Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Red-stemmed milk rope) is a multi-stemmed shrub in the family Apocynaceae. It is native to moist and ...

*Cryptolepis cryptolepioides

"Cryptolepis cryptolepidioides (Schltr.) Bullock". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 20 October 2013. Media related to Cryptolepis ... "Cryptolepis cryptolepioides (Schltr.) Bullock". The Plant List (2010). Version 1. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Cryptolepis ... Cryptolepis cryptolepioides is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is a twining climber in shrubs and ...

*Schizothorax cryptolepis

... is a species of cyprinid fish in the genus Schizothorax from the upper parts of the Yangtze basin in ... 2006). "Schizothorax cryptolepis" in FishBase. April 2006 version. Ye, S.; Li, Z.; Liu, J;, Zhang, T.; and Xie, S. (2011). ...

*Cryptolepis (plant)

Cryptolepis brazzaei Baill. Cryptolepis buchanani Cryptolepis buxifolia Chiov. Cryptolepis capensis Schltr. Cryptolepis ... Cryptolepis albicans Jum. & H.Perrier Cryptolepis angolensis Welw. ex Hiern Cryptolepis apiculata K.Schum. Cryptolepis ... Cryptolepis suffruticosa N.E.Br. Cryptolepis triangularis Cryptolepis volubilis (Balf.f.) O.Schwartz Cryptolepis welwitschii ... Cryptolepis sinensis (Lour.) Merr. Cryptolepis sizenandii Rolfe Cryptolepis socotrana (Balf.f.) Venter Cryptolepis somaliensis ...

*Psara cryptolepis

... is a moth in the Crambidae family. It was described by Martin in 1956. It is found in Burundi, Ethiopia and ...

*Cryptolepis (fish)

Cryptolepis is an extinct genus of prehistoric sarcopterygian or lobe-finned fish. Paleontology portal Fish portal ...

*Cryptolepis sanguinolenta

... is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. An extract from the root is traditionally ... 3] Luo J., et al (May 1998) "Cryptolepis sanguinolenta: an ethnobotanical approach to drug discovery and the isolation of a ... 1] Tempesta, M. S. (March 2010) "The clinical efficacy of cryptolepis sanguinolenta in the treatment of malaria", Ghana Medical ... International Plant Names Index Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in West African plants - A Photo Guide.. ...

*Cryptolepis sinensis

... is a plant species in the genus Cryptolepis, native to Taiwan, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan ... 16 Page 193 白叶藤 bai ye teng Cryptolepis sinensis (Loureiro) Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. 15: 254. 1920.. ... Yunnan) and southeast Asia (Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam). Cryptolepis sinensis is one of the food sources for ...

*List of plants of Burkina Faso

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schltr. Cryptostegia grandiflora R.Br. ex Lindl. Ctenium canescens Benth. Ctenium elegans ... Croton nigritanus Scott-Elliot Croton pseudopulchellus Pax Croton scarciesii Scott-Elliot Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) ...

*Kenneth Kent Mackenzie

Carex cryptolepis Mack. Carex cumulata Mack. Carex cusickii Mack. ex Piper & Beattie Carex davyi Mack. Carex debiliformis Mack ...

*List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes

Wrightia natalensis Stapf Cryptolepis decidua (Planch. ex Hook.f. & Benth.) N.E.Br. Ectadium latifolium (Schinz) N.E.Br. ...

*List of Carex species

ex Kunze Carex × cryptochlaena Holm Carex cryptolepis Mack. Carex cryptostachys Brongn. Carex × csomadensis Simonk. Carex ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... cryptolepis (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.099.110 --- cynanchum (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.099. ...

*Euploea core

Cryptolepis pauciflora, Cryptolepis sinensis, Cryptostegia madagascariensis, Cynanchum carnosum, Ficus benghalensis, Ficus ... The more commonly used plants are Ficus racemosa, Nerium oleander, Nerium odorum, and Cryptolepis buchananii. Ficus pumila a ...

*Gary E. Martin

... a Minor Alkaloid of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta: Submilligram 1H-13C and 1H-15N Heteronuclear Shift Correlation Experiments Using ...

*List of Nature Conservation Act rare flora of Queensland

Thulimbah C.Schindler 6) Cryptocarya burckiana Cryptocarya claudiana Cryptocarya floydii Cryptocarya glaucocarpa Cryptolepis ...

*List of moths of Uganda

Psara cryptolepis (Martin, 1956) Pyrausta fulvilinealis Hampson, 1918 Pyrausta gazalis Hampson, 1913 Stemorrhages sericea ( ...

*V. sinensis

... may refer to: Vallaris sinensis, a synonym for Cryptolepis sinensis, a plant species Vespertilio sinensis, the ...

*C. elegans (disambiguation)

... found eastern Africa Cryptolepis elegans, a synonym for Cryptolepis sinensis, a species Cynanchum elegans, the white-flowered ... elegans Cryptochile elegans Cryptochilum elegans Cryptoditha elegans Cryptographis elegans Cryptolaria elegans Cryptolepis ...

*E. sinensis

... a synonym for Cryptolepis sinensis, a plant species Sinensis (disambiguation). ...

*Pergularia

... syn of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta P. sinensis, syn of Cryptolepis sinensis P. tenacissima, syn of Marsdenia tenacissima P. ...

*C. sinensis

... a human liver fluke species Cryptolepis sinensis, a plant species Cordyceps sinensis, a species of fungus Calyptraea sinensis, ...

*Schizothorax

... cryptolepis T. Y. Fu & M. R. Ye, 1984 Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel, 1838 (Sattar snowtrout) Schizothorax ...

*List of least concern plants

... lophophora Brachystelma schinzii Brachystelma schultzei Ceropegia decidua Ceropegia dinteri Cryptolepis arbuscula Cryptolepis ... fringed sedge Carex cryptolepis, northeastern sedge Carex cusickii, Cusick's sedge Carex davalliana Carex debilis, white-edge ...

*Succulent plant

Cryptolepis Rubiaceae: Anthorrhiza, Anthospermum, Hydnophytum, Hydrophylax, Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum, Phylohydrax, Squamellaria ...
Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta (ghana Quinine) , Find Complete Details about Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta (ghana Quinine),Plant Extract from Supplier or Manufacturer-Richmenconcepts Company Limited
Cryptolepis sanguinolenta and its bioactive alkaloid, cryptolepine have shown anti-inflammatory activity. However, the underlying mechanism of anti-inflammatory action in neuronal cells has not been investigated. In the present study we evaluated an extract of C. sanguinolenta (CSE) and cryptolepine (CAS) on neuroinflammation induced with IL-1β in SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells. We then attempted to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of CAS in SK-N-SH cells. Cells were stimulated with 10 U/ml of IL-1β in the presence or absence of different concentrations of CSE (25-200 μg/ml) and CAS (2.5-20 μM). After 24 h incubation, culture media were collected to measure the production of PGE2 and the pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα and IL-6). Protein and gene expressions of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and microsomal prostaglandin synthase-1 (mPGES-1) were studied by immunoblotting and qPCR, respectively. CSE produced significant (p < 0.05) inhibition of TNFα, IL-6 and ...
Topoisomerases are highly specialized nuclear enzymes that remove superhelical tension on chromosomal DNA that allows replication and transcription of DNA. Many cancer chemotherapeutic drugs used in the clinics inhibit tumor growth by targeting topoisomerase functions resulting in DNA damage and cancer cell death. Cryptolepine, a major alkaloid isolated from Cryptolepis sanguinolenta plants roots, has shown anti-malarial, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory activities. In the present study, we examined the therapeutic effect of cryptolepine on non-melanoma skin cancer cells (NMSCC), SCC-13 and A431 as an in vitro model, and underlying mechanism of action with special emphasis on topoisomerases and DNA damage check points. Western blot analysis and enzyme activity evaluation assays demonstrated that SCC-13 and A431 cells express comparatively higher levels of topoisomerases and higher enzymatic activities compared with normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK). Topoisomerase ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Inhibition of neuroinflammation in LPS-activated microglia by cryptolepine. AU - Olajide, Olumayokun A.. AU - Bhatia, Harsharan S.. AU - De Oliveira, Antonio C.P.. AU - Wright, Colin W.. AU - Fiebich, Bernd L.. PY - 2013/6/12. Y1 - 2013/6/12. N2 - Cryptolepine, an indoloquinoline alkaloid in Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, has anti-inflammatory property. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of cryptolepine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- induced neuroinflammation in rat microglia and its potential mechanisms. Microglial activation was induced by stimulation with LPS, and the effects of cryptolepine pretreatment on microglial activation and production of proinflammatory mediators, PGE2/COX-2, microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase and nitric oxide/iNOS were investigated. We further elucidated the role of Nuclear Factor-kappa B (NF-B) and the mitogen-activated protein kinases in the antiinflammatory actions of cryptolepine in LPS-stimulated microglia. Our results showed that ...
The Senses of Nature & SimplicityTM of DE BOUGAINVILLEA™ AROMA MUSCLE RELAX MASSAGE OIL is Natural Therapy Solutions™ that formulated with several naturally-derived ingredients such as Alpinia Galanga Essential Oil, Zingiber Cassumunar Root Essential Oil, Citrus Hystrix Peel Essential Oil, Cryptolepis Buchanani Extract, Curcuma Aromatic Root Extract, Cymbopogon Citratus Essential Oil, Derris Scandens Extract, and Pogostemon Cablin Extract. These well-blended natural ingredients offer natural therapeutic properties of analgesic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory activities. It is capable to penetrate into cells skin which effectively helps relaxing along with assisting muscle pain relief for the arm, shoulder, elbow, knee, back, thigh, leg, and foot. Together, its aroma reduces stress, and assists nervous system sedative and tonic. Suitable for all skin types. FDA Licensed Product. ...
Sambang colok leaves in general treatment used as irregular menstruation medicine, medication to relieve menstrual pain, urinary substandard medicine, gonorrhea medicine, anemia medicine, vaginal discharge medicine, helminthic, and uterine inflammatory medicine (Sudarman, 1975).. 7. Anticancer Research. Cytotoxic test result for MCF-7 cells show that ethanolic extract of sambang colok leaves have IC50 value amount 423 μg/ml whereas doxorubicin test in the same cell has IC50 value amount 327,6 nM. Synergistic (that CI , 0,9) appear in combination of extract ethanolic sambang colok leaves - doxorubicin concentration 211,7 μg/ml - 200 nM; 211,7 μg/ml - 150 nM; 158,8 μg/ml - 200 nM; dan 158,8 μg/ml - 150 nM. It show that synergic combination can occur in concentration under a half of IC50 value from ethanolic extract of sambang colok leaves or doxorubicin (Untung et al., 2008 ...
Whipworm Infections in Dogs. Los gusanos látigo son parásitos intestinales de una longitud aproximada de 6 mm (1/4 inch). Viven en el ciego y el colon (intestino grueso) de los perros donde provocan irritación en el revestimiento de estos órganos. Los gusanos látigo provocan diarrea acuosa y sanguinolenta, pérdida de peso y debilidad generalizada. Son uno de los gusanos más patogénicos en perros. ...
Aumento de la presión intracraneal, con alguno o todos de dolor de cabeza pulsátil persistente, confusión y fiebre moderada, vértigo, palpitaciones, trastornos visuales, náuseas y vómitos (posiblemente con cólicos y incluso diarrea sanguinolenta), síncope (especialmente en la postura erguida), falta de aire y la disnea, seguida más tarde por el esfuerzo respiratorio reducido, diaforesis, con la piel, ya sea lavando o fría y húmeda, el corazón bloque y bradicardia, parálisis, coma, convulsiones, muerte ...
Digital still photograph from Massachusetts Bay near Cohasset, MA, showing seastars (Asterias sp.), blood stars (Henricia sanguinolenta), blood drop tunicates (Dendrodoa carnea), mussels, and barnacles on cobbles and boulders covered with bubblegum algae and red filamentous algae. Water depth at this location is approximately 19.6 meters. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Structure-activity relationship of antiparasitic and cytotoxic indoloquinoline alkaloids, and their tricyclic and bicyclic analogues. AU - Van Baelen, Gitte. AU - Hostyn, Steven. AU - Dhooghe, Liene. AU - Tapolcsányi, P.. AU - Mátyus, P.. AU - Lemière, Guy. AU - Dommisse, Roger. AU - Kaiser, Marcel. AU - Brun, Reto. AU - Cos, Paul. AU - Maes, Louis. AU - Hajós, G.. AU - Riedl, Z.. AU - Nagy, Ildikó. AU - Maes, Bert U W. AU - Pieters, Luc. PY - 2009/10/15. Y1 - 2009/10/15. N2 - Based on the indoloquinoline alkaloids cryptolepine (1), neocryptolepine (2), isocryptolepine (3) and isoneocryptolepine (4), used as lead compounds for new antimalarial agents, a series of tricyclic and bicyclic analogues, including carbolines, azaindoles, pyrroloquinolines and pyrroloisoquinolines was synthesized and biologically evaluated. None of the bicyclic compounds was significantly active against the chloroquine-resistant strain Plasmodium falciparum K1, in contrast to the tricyclic ...
Because of this, they are social to work only, sharing the interest and combining their assignments to learn from one another and accomplish a dissertation proposal example. Neocryptolepine varies from the policy or water television with customer to the dissertation proposal example of the basis curriculum based on the write-up theory. Bailey and his work well are often universal in the grandmothers dogs or benefits, and the requirements show ever disdain, bordering on dissertation proposal example, when speaking to the grandmother.
Potato yellow dwarf virus (PYDV), which has not been reported from the midwestern United States for the past 40 years, occurred naturally during 1986 1988 in Minnesota in ornamental tobacco (Nicotiana alata), marigold (Tagetes erecta), zinnia (Zinnia elegans), and four-o clock (Mirabilis jalapa), causing severe stunting, chlorosis, vein yellowing, and systemic vein and leaf necrosis. PYDV also occurred naturally in white clover (Trifolium repens) in mixed infections with clover yellow vein virus. The Minnesota PYDV was identified serologically as a PYDV-S (sanguinolenta) isolate, and its biological properties were similar to those of previously described PYDV-S isolates. Perennial Trifolium spp. may provide reservoirs of both PYDV and its cicadellid vector, Aceratagallia sanguinolenta, which is common in Minnesota.. ...

Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta (ghana Quinine) - Buy Plant Extract Product on Alibaba.comCryptolepis Sanguinolenta (ghana Quinine) - Buy Plant Extract Product on Alibaba.com

Find Complete Details about Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta (ghana Quinine),Plant Extract from Supplier or Manufacturer- ...
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Cryptolepis oblongifolia - WikipediaCryptolepis oblongifolia - Wikipedia

Media related to Cryptolepis oblongifolia at Wikimedia Commons Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Cryptolepis ... "Cryptolepis oblongifolia Schltr". Flora of Zambia. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr". Red ... "Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr". The Plant List (2010). Version 1. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Cryptolepis ... Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Red-stemmed milk rope) is a multi-stemmed shrub in the family Apocynaceae. It is native to moist and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptolepis_oblongifolia

Cryptolepis cryptolepioides - WikipediaCryptolepis cryptolepioides - Wikipedia

"Cryptolepis cryptolepidioides (Schltr.) Bullock". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 20 October 2013. Media related to Cryptolepis ... "Cryptolepis cryptolepioides (Schltr.) Bullock". The Plant List (2010). Version 1. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Cryptolepis ... Cryptolepis cryptolepioides is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is a twining climber in shrubs and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptolepis_cryptolepioides

Schizothorax cryptolepis - Viquipèdia, lenciclopèdia lliureSchizothorax cryptolepis - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure

Schizothorax cryptolepis». Catalogue of Life. (anglès) (anglès). Bases de dades taxonòmiques. EOL Fishbase GBIF ITIS NCBI WoRMS ... Schizothorax cryptolepis és una espècie de peix de la família dels ciprínids i de lordre dels cipriniformes. ... Obtingut de «https://ca.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Schizothorax_cryptolepis&oldid=20210068» ...
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Cryptolepis dubia - WikispeciesCryptolepis dubia - Wikispecies

Genus: Cryptolepis Species: Cryptolepis dubia Name[edit]. Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 3A: 221 ( ... Note: See Cryptolepis Discussion Page regarding synonymy. References[edit]. *Almeida, M.R. 2001. Flora of Maharashtra State 3A ... Cryptolepis dubia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ... Cryptolepis buchananii Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4: 409 (1819) ...
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Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory, and Chondroprotective Activities of Cryptolepis buchanani Extract: In Vitro and In Vivo StudiesAnalgesic, Anti-Inflammatory, and Chondroprotective Activities of Cryptolepis buchanani Extract: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies

... ... Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. & Schult. is widely used in folk medicine in Southeast Asia for treating muscle tension and ... Cryptolepis buchanani Roem. & Schult. (Asclepiadaceae) is a climbing tree found in evergreen forest in Thailand, China, India, ... K. Sunil, D. Batuk, N. Sharma, and P. V. Sharria, "A new nicotinoyl glucoside from Cryptolepis buchanani," Phytochemistry, vol ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/978582/

CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult.CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult.

To learn more check out our CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult. ... CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult. to Medicinal Plants ... CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult. Distribution. Dhaka, Madhupur, Rajshahi, Jamalpur, Sylhet, Mymensingh and Chittagong Hill ...
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Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in lipopolysaccharide - stimulated human primary monocytes  - University of...Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in lipopolysaccharide - stimulated human primary monocytes - University of...

Cryptolepis sanguinoleta is a shrub used in West Africa for the treatment of fevers, and inflammatory conditions. In the ... Olajide, Olumayokun A, Wright, Colin W and Fiebich, B.L. (2007) Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in ... Effects of Cryptolepis sanguinoleta root extract in lipopolysaccharide - stimulated human primary monocytes ...
more infohttp://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/8976/

Cryptosin, a cardenolide from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani  - ePrints@IIScCryptosin, a cardenolide from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani - [email protected]

Cryptolepis buchanani;Asclepiadaceae;cardenolide; 3β-(d-deoxy glucose-oxy)-14β,11β-di- hydroxy-7α,8α-epoxy-12-oxo-5β-card-20 ( ... A new cardenolide named cryptosin was isolated from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani. By spectral studies and single crystal ... a cardenolide from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani. In: Phytochemistry, 28 (4). pp. 1203-1205. ...
more infohttp://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/31511/

A novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization - DROA novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization - DRO

Cryptolepis. Enzyme Inhibitors. Enzyme Stability. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Molecular Sequence Data. Serine Endopeptidases. ... Cryptolepis buchanani. cryptolepain. anti-cryptolepain. SUBTILISIN-LIKE PROTEASE. SUBSTRATE-SPECIFICITY. ERVATAMIA-CORONARIA. ... A novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization. Pande, Monu, ... A novel serine protease cryptolepain from cryptolepis buchanani: purification and biochemical characterization ...
more infohttp://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30077790

CSA tincture - cryptolepis+sida acuta+alchornea extract - Belfast HerbsCSA tincture - cryptolepis+sida acuta+alchornea extract - Belfast Herbs

Cryptolepis root tincture. $11.99 - $32.99 Select options. CSA; cryptolepis+sida+alchornea capsules Houttuynia cordata capsules ... SKU: N/A Categories: CSA; cryptolepis s.,sida acuta & alchornea c. mixture, Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta Root "ghanain quinine", ... Note, Cryptolepis is not recommended for pregnant women or those attempting to get pregnant. Upon request we can mix a similar ... CSA tincture - cryptolepis+sida acuta+alchornea extract. Rated 5.00 out of 5 based on 2 customer ratings ...
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Cryptolepis buchanani - Thao-En-On - 1 Box - 100 Cap - ThanCryptolepis buchanani - Thao-En-On - 1 Box - 100 Cap - Than

Cryptolepis buchanani relieves aches and muscle tension, improves arteria blood flow and softens deformity and stiffness of ... Cryptolepis buchanani (in Thai: Thao-En-On) grows wild and is a climbing liana. The leaves are petiolate, glabrous, elliptic or ... Home,Asian Herbs>Asian Herbal Capsules>Cryptolepis buchanani - Thao-En-On - 1 Box - 100 Cap - Than ... 1 Box Cryptolepis buchanani (in Thai: Thao-En-On) from Thanyaporn - 100 Capsules ...
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Natural Extracts, Natural Extracts Suppliers and Manufacturers at Alibaba.comNatural Extracts, Natural Extracts Suppliers and Manufacturers at Alibaba.com

cryptolepis sanguinolenta Product description: Available are Stem,Leaf, and their powders for anti-malaria; anti-inflammatory; ...
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Herbal Extracts

    
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In preparing our extracts here at Woodland Essence, we begin with vibrant, organically grown fresh or dried herbs. We grow many of the freshly gathered plants we use in preparing our extracts or wildcraft from pristine areas throughout the Adirondack region of New York. Each plant is joyfully harvested in season with r
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Antimicrobials from plantsAntimicrobials from plants

In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanolic fractions of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta Following claims that some plants have ... the in vitro antimicrobial activities of different solvent fractions of ethanolic extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta ... ...
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Augrabies Plants. - Page 6 - SANParks.org ForumsAugrabies Plants. - Page 6 - SANParks.org Forums

Cryptolepis decidua. DSC02036 by closed4, on Flickr. DSC02037 by closed4, on Flickr ...
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Really trying to hold on to some hope - Lyme Disease - HealingWell.com ForumReally trying to hold on to some hope - Lyme Disease - HealingWell.com Forum

cryptolepis. I mean it would just get ridiculous. That would be 25+ herbs.. So what I could probably do is pick up Crypto since ... 15-Cryptolepis 16-Tox Ease GL Then on top of this I took vitamins, astragalus (pill form), CoQ10, Mushroom complex, cinnamon, ... 15-Cryptolepis 16-Tox Ease GL Then on top of this I took vitamins, astragalus (pill form), CoQ10, Mushroom complex, cinnamon, ... 15-Cryptolepis 16-Tox Ease GL Then on top of this I took vitamins, astragalus (pill form), CoQ10, Mushroom complex, cinnamon, ...
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Polymers containing antimicrobial agents and methods for making and using same - Magellan Companies, Inc.Polymers containing antimicrobial agents and methods for making and using same - Magellan Companies, Inc.

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (alkaloids, cryptolepine); Chelidonium majus (alkaloids, berberine, coptisine); Vitex agnus-castus ( ...
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10293847561029384756

Rx strength Cryptolepis ?? Ive never heard of this special cryptolepis blend. How is it different than taking a larger dose of ...
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Drug Information Portal - U.S. National Library of Medicine - Quick Access to Quality Drug InformationDrug Information Portal - U.S. National Library of Medicine - Quick Access to Quality Drug Information

Fused indole-quinoline; from CRYPTOLEPIS sanguinolenta. Categories:. * Info Anti-Infective Agents. * Info Antimalarials ...
more infohttps://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/rn/480-26-2

Cryptopyrum - CunilaCryptopyrum - Cunila

Cryptopyrum : Triticum. Cryptostylis (hidden style, Greek). Syn. Zos-terostylis. Orchidaceae. Eight or 10 terrestrial orchids of the E. Indies, Malaya and Austral., allied to Pogonia. Leaves solita...
more infohttp://chestofbooks.com/gardening-horticulture/Cyclopedia-2/Cryptopyrum-Cunila.html

Herbal Alternatives to Antiobiotics - Heal - Herb CompanionHerbal Alternatives to Antiobiotics - Heal - Herb Companion

Cryptolepis (Cryptolepis sanguinolenta). • Sida (Sida acuta). • Alchornea (Alchornea cordifolia). • Bidens (Bidens pilosa). • ...
more infohttps://www.motherearthliving.com/health-and-wellness/alternatives-to-antibiotics-zm0z12aszdeb

Royal Museum for Central Africa - Tervuren - BelgiumRoyal Museum for Central Africa - Tervuren - Belgium

Recipes : H(051) paludism, roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta with Alstonia boonei and Lantana camara leaves and of Ananas ... H(051) paludism, roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta with Alstonia boonei and Lantana camara leaves and of Ananas comosus peels ... H(051) paludism, roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta with Alstonia boonei and Lantana camara leaves and of Ananas comosus peels ... H(051) paludism, powdered root of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta infused in hot water. H(051) paludism, leaves of Phragmanthera ...
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Essence Oils Sites - Top20Sites.comEssence Oils Sites - Top20Sites.com

Cryptolepis as a systemic antibiotic. 1 tsp 3x daily (woodlandessence.com); Gluten-free diet:.... ...
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Ethnobotanical medicine is effective against the bacterium causing Lyme disease | EurekAlert! Science NewsEthnobotanical medicine is effective against the bacterium causing Lyme disease | EurekAlert! Science News

"This study provides the first convincing evidence that some of the herbs used by patients such as Cryptolepis, black walnut, ... But by far the strongest performers were Ghanaian quinine (Cryptolepis sanguinolenta; also known as yellow-dye root, nibima, or ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-02/f-emi021720.php
  • This study provides the first convincing evidence that some of the herbs used by patients such as Cryptolepis, black walnut, sweet wormwood, cat's claw, and Japanese knotweed have potent activity against Lyme disease bacteria, especially the dormant persister forms, which are not killed by the current Lyme antibiotics," says Dr Ying Zhang from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (eurekalert.org)
  • Start with Cryptolepis extract and add anything else you want to it. (herbies-herbs.com)
  • The use of the aqueous extract of the root bark of Cryptolepis sangunolenta is popular in Ghana and other West and Central African communities 2 where it is used particularly as antimalarial, antidysentry and a febrifuge 2, 3 . (ijpsr.com)
  • Briefly, dried cryptolepis roots (1 kg) was milled and extracted by boiling with 10 litres of distilled water for 30 minutes. (ijpsr.com)
  • In this study, cryptolepis was freshly prepared in water and administered by gavage to the experimental animals. (ijpsr.com)
  • This study provides the first convincing evidence that some of the herbs used by patients such as Cryptolepis, black walnut, sweet wormwood, cat's claw, and Japanese knotweed have potent activity against Lyme disease bacteria, especially the dormant persister forms, which are not killed by the current Lyme antibiotics," says Dr Ying Zhang from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (eurekalert.org)