Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. The common name of dragon's blood is also used for DRACAENA and Daemonorops (ARECACEAE). Croton tiglium is the source of CROTON OIL.
A non-allergic contact dermatitis caused by prolonged exposure to irritants and not explained by delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms.
A circumscribed benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface; more precisely, a benign epithelial neoplasm consisting of villous or arborescent outgrowths of fibrovascular stroma covered by neoplastic cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The aglycone of CYCASIN. It acts as a potent carcinogen and neurotoxin and inhibits hepatic DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in tobacco smoke that is a potent carcinogen.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Drugs that act locally on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces to produce inflammation; those that cause redness due to hyperemia are rubefacients; those that raise blisters are vesicants and those that penetrate sebaceous glands and cause abscesses are pustulants; tear gases and mustard gases are also irritants.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
Heat-generating liquids that are thinner than ointments and are applied to the skin with friction. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
A plant genus of the family Oleaceae. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Plastic surgery performed, usually by excision of skin, for the elimination of wrinkles from the skin.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Lippsidoquinone; TRITERPENES; SESQUITERPENES; and THYMOL have been found in this genus. Plant extracts have cytotoxic activity. It is sometimes called Mexican oregano but that confuses it with real oregano (ORIGANUM).
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is the source of a familiar food seasoning.
Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Clinical sign or symptom manifested as debility, or lack or loss of strength and energy.
The passage of cells across the layer of ENDOTHELIAL CELLS, i.e., the ENDOTHELIUM; or across the layer of EPITHELIAL CELLS, i.e. the EPITHELIUM.
An enzyme of the lyase class that catalyzes the formation of CYCLIC AMP and pyrophosphate from ATP. EC 4.6.1.1.
White blood cells. These include granular leukocytes (BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and NEUTROPHILS) as well as non-granular leukocytes (LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES).
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
Inorganic salts that contain the -HCO3 radical. They are an important factor in determining the pH of the blood and the concentration of bicarbonate ions is regulated by the kidney. Levels in the blood are an index of the alkali reserve or buffering capacity.
Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer.
Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla. There are three types: Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary advancement or the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort II osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort III osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures with fracture of one or more facial bones. Le Fort III is often used also to correct craniofacial dysostosis and related facial abnormalities. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1203 & p662)

Chronic inflammatory disease alters adhesion molecule requirements for acute neutrophil emigration in mouse skin. (1/87)

Mutant mice triply deficient in ICAM-1, E-selectin, and P-selectin did not develop the neutrophilic skin lesions that spontaneously arise in mutants doubly deficient in E-selectin and P-selectin. Thus, ICAM-1 is essential to skin disease resulting from endothelial selectin deficiency. During experimental dermatitis, acute neutrophil emigration was completely prevented in young mice deficient in both selectins (E/P and E/P/I mutants). However, older E/P mutants with spontaneous skin lesions displayed an endothelial selectin-independent pathway for acute neutrophil emigration. In contrast, emigration remained compromised in E/P/I mutants and CD18 mutants regardless of age or lesions. Experimentally induced chronic lesions elicited this pathway for acute emigration in young E/P mutants. Thus, an endothelial selectin-independent pathway for acute neutrophil emigration is induced in E/P mice by chronic inflammation at distant sites, and this pathway may contribute to skin disease resulting from endothelial selectin deficiency.  (+info)

Central and peripheral cannabinoid modulation of gastrointestinal transit in physiological states or during the diarrhoea induced by croton oil. (2/87)

We have evaluated the effect of cannabinoid drugs, administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) or intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) on upper gastrointestinal transit in control and in croton oil-treated mice. The cannabinoid agonists, WIN 55,212-2 (2-239 nmol mouse(-1)) and cannabinol (24-4027 nmol mouse(-1)), decreased while the CB(1) antagonist SR141716A (2-539 nmol mouse(-1)) increased transit in control mice. WIN 55,212-2, cannabinol and SR141716A had lower ED(50) values when administered i.c.v., than when administered i.p. The CB(2) antagonist SR144528 (52 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) was without effect. During croton oil (0.01 ml mouse(-1), p.o.)-induced diarrhoea, the ED(50) values of i.p. -injected WIN 55,212-2 and cannabinol (but not SR141716A) were significantly decreased (compared to control mice). However, the ED(50) values of WIN 55,212-2 were similar after i.p. or i.c.v. administration. The inhibitory effects of WIN 55,212-2 and cannabinol were counteracted by SR141716A (16 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) but not by SR144528 (52 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) both in control and croton-oil treated mice. Ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium (69 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) did not modify the inhibitory effect of i.p. -injected cannabinoid agonists either in control or in croton-oil treated mice. The lower ED(50) values of cannabinoid drugs after i.c.v. administration suggest a central (CB(1)) site of action. However, a peripheral site of action is suggested by the lack of effect of hexamethonium. In addition, croton oil-induced diarrhoea enhances the effect of cannabinoid agonists by a peripheral mechanism.  (+info)

Intestinal inflammation and morphine tolerance alter the interaction between morphine and clonidine on gastrointestinal transit in mice. (3/87)

BACKGROUND: Morphine and clonidine show synergy or antagonism inhibiting gastrointestinal transit depending on their proportion and level of effect. Their interaction during morphine tolerance and intestinal inflammation were assessed. METHODS: Gastrointestinal transit in mice was evaluated with charcoal and antitransit effects expressed as percent mean values +/- SEM. Tolerance was induced with a morphine pellet (75 mg) implanted for 72 h, and inflammation with intragastric croton oil. Dose-response curves for morphine and clonidine alone and combined at a 1:1 potency ratio were obtained, and doses producing a 50% and 60% inhibition were calculated (ED50, ED60). Interaction was established by isobolograms, interaction indexes, and analysis of variance. RESULTS: In naive and tolerant mice, the combination induced linear dose-response curves up to the ED60 and then reached a plateau. In naive mice, ED50 values were as follows: morphine 1.52 +/- 0.15 mg/kg, clonidine 0.09 +/- 0.008 mg/kg, and combined 0.506 +/- 0.084 mg/kg (0.478 +/- 0.08 mg/kg morphine plus 0.028 +/- 0.004 mg/kg clonidine). During tolerance, ED50 values were as follows: morphine 9.73 +/- 0.8 mg/kg, clonidine 0.09 +/- 0.007 mg/kg, combination 0.131 +/- 0.09 mg/kg (morphine 0. 13 +/- 0.09 mg/kg plus clonidine 0.0013 +/- 0.0005 mg/kg). In both groups, the interaction was synergistic up to the ED60 and antagonistic thereafter; synergy was enhanced during tolerance. During inflammation, ED50 values were as follows: morphine 0.17 +/- 0.04 mg/kg, clonidine 0.015 +/- 0.006 mg/kg, combined 0.62 +/- 0.04 mg/kg (morphine 0.568 +/- 0.04 mg/kg plus clonidine 0.052 +/- 0.004 mg/kg); thus, potencies of morphine and clonidine increased 9.3 and 7.1 times, while the combination remained unaltered. Moreover, inflammation transformed synergy into antagonism. CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between morphine and clonidine was significantly altered during tolerance and inflammation. During tolerance, synergy was present up to 60% effect and then became antagonistic. Inflammation converted synergy to antagonism. A common pathway in signal transduction could partially explain the results.  (+info)

Ozonation of mutagenic and carcinogenic polyaromatic amines and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in water. (4/87)

The Salmonella-microsome assay for mutagenesis was used to determine the effect of ozone on the mutagenesis of selected carcinogens and mutagens in water. Short periods of ozonation were shown to completely inactivate the mutagenicity of several polyaromatic amine mutagens including acriflavine, proflavine, and beta-naphthylamine. Selected polyaromatic hydrocarbons were also sensitive to ozonation. Kinetic studies revealed that the mutagenicity of benzo(a)pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene, and 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene was destroyed after short periods of ozonation. To correlate loss of mutagenicity with loss of carcinogenicity, two polyaromatic hydrocarbons were treated with ozone, extracted from water with hexane, and tested for carcinogenicity in mice. When 7,12-dimethyl-benz(a)anthracene and 3-methyl-cholanthrene were treated with ozone, there was a substantial reduction in carcinogenicity compared to control groups treated with oxygen alone. However, a small number of tumors developed in the group of animals receiving a hexane extract of ozonated 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene. This activity may be due to breakdown products of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene that are not mutagenic.  (+info)

Chemical activation of innate and specific immunity in contact dermatitis. (5/87)

Recent reports have suggested that chemical-induced allergic contact dermatitis may not be a traditional type IV hypersensitivity, in part due to the dual irritant and antigenic properties of sensitizing chemicals. In order to investigate the contribution of these properties to the molecular and cellular mechanism underlying allergic contact dermatitis, we evaluated oxazolone-induced changes in cell populations and cytokine production in the dermis of transgenic mice with impaired innate immunity (the FcgammaR subunit knockout mouse), and absent specific immunity (the athymic mouse), and the appropriate B6,129F2 and C57BL/6 control mice. Oxazolone and croton oil were applied in a single sensitizing dose, or in sensitizing and challenge doses, and the dermal response was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. In the wild type mice, with or without sensitization to oxazolone or croton oil, we observed mixed Th1/Th2 cytokine production and both CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes; however, the neutrophil was the predominant cell in the dermis, even 72 h after final chemical application. Athymic mice displayed a similar neutrophil response with moderate Th1/Th2 cytokine production, and FcgammaR subunit knockout mice exhibited very mild dermatitis when treated with either oxazolone or croton oil. These results provide support for the hypothesis that allergic contact dermatitis is not a classic delayed type hypersensitivity, demonstrate the importance of the interaction between the irritant and antigenic properties of sensitizing chemicals in the development of allergic contact dermatitis, and suggest that the irritant effect of chemicals may be mediated through the cutaneous innate immune system.  (+info)

Neutral endopeptidase terminates substance P-induced inflammation in allergic contact dermatitis. (6/87)

Sensory nerve-derived neuropeptides such as substance P demonstrate a number of proinflammatory bioactivities, but less is known about their role in inflammatory skin disease. The cell surface metalloprotease neutral endopeptidase (NEP) is the principal proteolytic substance P-degrading enzyme. This study tests the hypothesis that the absence of NEP results in dysregulated inflammatory skin responses. The effector phase of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) responses was examined in NEP(-/-) knockout and NEP(+/+) wild-type mice and compared with the irritant contact dermatitis response in these animals. NEP was found to be normally immunolocalized in epidermal keratinocytes and dermal blood vessels. The ACD ear swelling response was 2.5-fold higher in animals lacking NEP and was accompanied by a significant increase in plasma extravasation and infiltration of inflammatory leukocytes. The augmented ACD response in NEP(-/-) animals was abrogated by either administration of a neurokinin receptor 1 antagonist or by repeated pretreatment with topical capsaicin. Similar to NEP(-/-) mice, the acute inhibition of NEP in NEP(+/+) animals resulted in an augmented ACD response. In contrast to the ACD responses, little differences were observed in the irritant contact dermatitis response of NEP(-/-) compared with NEP(+/+) animals after epicutaneous application of the skin irritants croton oil or SDS. Thus, these results indicate that NEP and cutaneous neuropeptides have a significant role in the pathogenesis of ACD.  (+info)

Intestinal inflammation enhances the inhibitory effects of opioids on intestinal permeability in mice. (7/87)

The inhibitory effects of central and peripherally acting opioid agonists on intestinal permeability (PER) were evaluated during acute and chronic intestinal inflammation in mice. Inflammation was induced by the intragastric (p.o.) administration of one (acute) or two (chronic) doses of croton oil (CO), whereas controls received saline (SS). Intestinal PER was assessed by the blood-to-lumen transfer of 51Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (51Cr-EDTA). CO significantly increased PER during acute (2.5 times) and chronic (3.2 times) inflammation. The potency of s.c. morphine-inhibiting PER was enhanced 3.8 and 8.7 times in acute and chronic CO, whereas that of s.c. fentanyl was increased 2.0 and 4.3 times, respectively, compared with SS. Similarly, s.c. [D-Pen(2,5)]-enkephalin was 4.7 and 11.1 times more potent during acute and chronic CO, and the E(max) values of the dose-response curves increased 35% during inflammation. The potency of s.c. U50,488H was 5.6 (acute) and 6.7 times (chronic) greater compared with SS. All effects were reversed by specific antagonists. The i.p. administration of beta-funaltrexamine differentially blocked morphine effects during acute and chronic CO, suggesting that the effects are mediated by different populations of functional mu-opioid receptors (OR). The increase in potencies of s.c. PL017 and ICI-204,448 during CO were comparable to those observed with fentanyl and U50,488H and their effects were antagonized by s.c. naloxone methiodide. Moreover, the potency of the agonists during inflammation was unaltered when administered i.c.v. The results show that intestinal inflammation enhances the effects of delta- > mu- > kappa-opioid agonists on PER by activation of peripheral OR.  (+info)

Nonspecific inhibition of DNA repair synthesis by tumor promoters in human diploid fibroblasts damaged with N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. (8/87)

The effects of selected tumor-promoting agents and their nonpromoting analogs on DNA repair synthesis were examined in human diploid fibroblasts (WI-38) damaged with N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. Over a range of doses, three promoters (croton oil, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, and anthralin) were found to inhibit DNA repair synthesis while their nonpromoting analogs (phorbol and 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone) had little effect. Another tumor promoter, phenol, inhibited DNA repair synthesis only at very high concentrations while an analog, 4-nitrophenol, produced inhibition of DNA repair synthesis at molar concentrations at which phenol had no effect. To investigate the specificity of this phenomenon, the effects of these agents on DNA-replicative synthesis, RNA synthesis, protein synthesis, and cell morphology were evaluated. At equimolar concentrations, tumor promoters were found to inhibit DNA-replicative synthesis as effectively as repair synthesis. RNA and protein synthesis were similarly inhibited over the same range of concentrations. Extensive morphological changes, interpreted as evidence of toxicity, were seen at concentrations of promoters that inhibited the macromolecular syntheses studied. The nonpromoting analogs, with the exception of nitrophenol, had little effect on these processes and showed only slight morphological damage. Thus tumor-promoting agents appeared to inhibit a number of macromolecular synthetic events, including DNA repair synthesis. It is suggested that the effect of tumor promoters on DNA repair synthesis is part of a general response to cellular injury rather than a selective response involving a single metabolic pathway. Furthermore, it is unlikely that the inhibition of repair synthesis represents the major mode of action of promoting agents in the carcinogenic process.  (+info)

Croton oil (Crotonis Oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the natural order Euphorbiales and family Euphorbiaceae, and native or cultivated in India and the Malay Archipelago. Small doses taken internally cause diarrhea. Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. In traditional Chinese medicine it is used as an ingredient in some liniments.
Hudson plastic surgery specialists at Eberbach Plastic Surgery specialize in face procedures, including croton oil peel treatments.
Croton Oil an old psychiatric punishment for patients being held at a psychiatric hospital and is these days used for skin exfoliation. When Croton oil is topically applied it can give us an idea of the type of pain that originates at the dermis, the most superficial section of fascia in the human body. Croton…
The anti-inflammatory profile of the aqueous extract of Bridelia ferruginea stem bark was investigated using both in vivo and in vitro models. The extract exhibited strong topical anti-inflammatory effect shown as inhibition of croton oil-induced ear oedema in mice, and reduced hind-paw swelling and growth retardation in the adjuvant-induced arthritis model in rats, following oral administration at 10, 20, 40 or 80 mg/kg. The extract (10-80 mg/kg, p.o.) caused an inhibition of increase in vascular permeability in both cyclophosphamide-induced haemorrhagic cystitis and acetic acid-induced vascular permeability in rats and mice, respectively. B. ferruginea produced stabilization of erythrocytes exposed to heat and stress-induced lysis. Antipyretic and analgesic properties of the extract were also observed.. ...
A major site of initiation of inflammatory responses upon physical perturbation(s) and infection by invading organisms is the skin. Control of responses in this organ is, in part, modulated by the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha7. To further investigate the role of alpha7 in skin inflammatory responses, a local inflammatory response was induced by topical application of croton oil to the ear skin of wild-type (alpha7WT) and alpha7 knock-out (alpha7KO) mice. Cells infiltrating the inflamed tissue were characterized by flow cytometry and RNA analysis. Six hours following croton oil application, analysis of infiltrating cells showed that the alpha7KO mice exhibited a significantly enhanced number of cells, and specifically, of Ly6G positive neutrophils. Macrophage and lymphocyte infiltration was equivalent in the alpha7KO and alpha7WT mice. RNA analysis showed that IL-1β and IL-6 were increased significantly in the infiltrating cells of the alpha7KO mouse, although TNF failed to
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in Naunyn-Schmiedebergs Archives of Pharmacology (2000), 361(4), 460-4. The anti-inflammatory properties of hydrophilic extracts of the capsular polymers of twelve cyanobacterial strains belonging to the genera Phormidium and Nostoc from marine and terrestrial habitats were ... [more ▼]. The anti-inflammatory properties of hydrophilic extracts of the capsular polymers of twelve cyanobacterial strains belonging to the genera Phormidium and Nostoc from marine and terrestrial habitats were tested topically on croton oil-induced oedema in mice ear skin. The screening program identified several strains as producers of anti-inflammatory products (up to 56% inhibition of the oedema). The inhibition response was dose-dependent. The application of trichloroacetic acid-treated extracts reduced the oedema by about 60%. On the other hand, one of the strains enhanced the inflammatory response. Analysis of five of the extracts showed the presence of neutral sugars (from 34.3% to 47.1%, w/w), uronic acids ...
Observed (black) and predicted (grey) cumulative numbers of confirmed locally transmitted cases.Predicted values represent conditional expectations given by wh
In contrast to previous results in the lung, skin-specific deletion of the Sag-βTrCP E3 ubiquitin ligase significantly accelerates mutant KrasG12D-induced skin papillomagenesis due to accumulation of Erbin and Nrf2, two novel Sag substrates, which blocks ROS generation and promotes proliferation. ...
Although hemorrhoids are one of the most common diseases in the world, the exact etiology underlying the development of hemorrhoids is not clear. Many different ointments are currently used to treat hemorrhoids; however, there is little evidence of the efficacy of these treatments to support their use. The aim of this study was to compare different herbal creams used for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Twenty-eight male Wistar albino rats, 6-8 weeks old and weighing 160-180 g, were used in this study as 1-control, 2-croton oil, 3-croton oil+fig leaves+artichoke leaves+walnut husks and 4-croton oil+fig leaves+artichoke leaves+walnut husks+horse chestnut fruit. After 3 days of croton oil application, rats were treated with 0.1 ml of cream or saline twice a day for 15 days by syringe. Tissue and blood samples were collected for histological, immunohistochemical and biochemical studies. Statistical significance was determined using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukeys multiple comparison tests. Croton ...
The genus Croton consists of an important group of trees, with several of its species being commercially exploited either as medicines, biofuels or for the cosmetics industry. Plaunotol, an anti-peptic ulcer drug marketed as Kelnac® is isolated from the leaves of Croton stellatopilosus, Sangre De Drago from Croton lechleri is commercially available for the treatment of wounds and diarrhoea, and Croton megalocarpus seed oil is commercially available as a biofuel and for cosmetic uses. Several species of the Croton genus have been reported as being used ethnomedicinally to treat hypertension, rheumatism, inflammation, bleeding gums, malaria, diarrhoea, syphilitic ulcers, asthma, pain and diabetes. The genus Croton is one of the largest genera of the Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto, and consists of over 1300 species of shrubs and trees that are distributed in the warm tropics and sub-tropics. In Africa, there are more than 292 Croton species where 124 are reported to occur in continental Africa, 156 ...
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Looking for Crotons? Find out information about Crotons. Italy: see Crotona Crotona , Croton, or Kroton , ancient city, S Italy, on the east coast of Bruttium , a colony of Magna Graecia founded c.708 B.C. Explanation of Crotons
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Croton Essential Oil. List of various diseases cured by Croton Essential Oil. How Croton Essential Oil is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Croton Essential Oil in various languages of the world are also given.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Xanthorrhizol inhibits 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced acute inflammation and two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis by blocking the expression of ornithine decarboxylase, cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase through mitogen-activated protein kinases and/or the nuclear factor-κB. AU - Chung, Won Yoon. AU - Park, Jae Hee. AU - Kim, Mi Jeong. AU - Kim, Heui Ok. AU - Hwang, Jae Kwan. AU - Lee, Sang Kook. AU - Park, Kwang Kyun. PY - 2007/6. Y1 - 2007/6. N2 - Xanthorrhizol is an active component isolated from Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. (Zingiberaceae) that is traditionally used in Indonesia for medicinal purposes. In the present study, we found that the topical application of xanthorrhizol before 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) treatment significantly inhibits TPA-induced mouse ear edema and TPA-induced tumor promotion in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-initiated ICR mouse skin. The topical application of xanthorrhizol following the ...
Who doesn?t love the bright colors of croton plants? But sometimes the bright colors on a croton fade, leaving them with ordinary looking green leaves. It can be disappointing to notice a croton losing color. Learn how to remedy this in the article that follows.
Anthocyanins are natural pigments with effective UV protection but their topical use could be limited due to their physicochemical characteristics. An attempt to overcome such limitations by complexation of 2 major anthocyanin-rich sources, C. ternatea and Z. mays, has potentiated its use as topical antiinflammatory. Cell studies indicate no cytotoxicity of the anthocyanin complex (AC) up to 1 mg/ml tested in HaCaT and human fore head fibroblasts by MTT. Croton oil-induced ear edema in Wistar rats suggests an effective dose of 5 mg/cm2 of AC as a topical anti-inflammatory in comparison to 0.5 mg/cm2 of fluocinolone acetonide. Niosomal encapsulation of the AC significantly prolonged the anti-inflammatory activity particularly at 8 h after topical application (p = 0.0001). The AC was not cytotoxic and its anti-inflammatory and activity was dose-dependent and prolonged by niosomal encapsulation. It has also shown to promote collagen type 1 production in cell culture. Thus, AC could be a potential ...
The most common class of compounds of Croton is represented by diterpenoids. Apparently, clerodane is the widest spread class of diterpenoids in Croton, which has been found in species from America (e.g. C. cajucara), Africa (e.g. C. macrostachys) and Asia (e.g. C. oblongifolius). Phorbol esters (such as 11) seem also to be widespread in Croton, having been found in species from Asia (e.g. C. tiglium), Africa (e.g. C. macrostachys) and America (e.g. C. californicus). Thus, the common possession of clerodanes and phorbol esters by groups of species should be viewed as retention of an ancient characteristic, rather than a mark of natural affinity.. Instead, kauranes, labdanes and trachylobanes seem to be more restricted in their distribution. C. draco, C. kongensis, C. sublyratus and C. tonkinensis are chemically akin due to the possession of kauranes. Labdanes occur in C. joufra, C. oblongifolius and C. zambesicus. Trachylobanes have been found in C. insularis, C. macrostachys, C. robustus and C. ...
From millions of real job salary data. 9 salary data for Croton On Hudson, NY. Average salary in Croton On Hudson is $74,464 Detailed starting salary, median salary, pay scale, bonus data report
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You may have seen the croton plant in passing, but how much do you know about this colorful, tropical plant? The experts at Ambius have compiled a list of common croton plant care questions and we answer them for you here.
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By special request and for the duration of 2014--a new year--THIS MONTH IN CROTON 1979: DECEMBER 1979 - PART 2. Click on the images below. Stay tuned for more. Courtesy of the outstanding archives maintained by the volunteers of The Croton Historical Society. ...
BY SPECIAL REQUEST: A LOOK BACK AT CROTON COLONIAL DINER AND OWNER PETE TSAGARAKIS. Courtesy of the outstanding archives maintained by the volunteers of THE CROTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Click on the images below. ...
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The study was divided into two parts. Part A: a single dose of the chemical carcinogen DMBA (100 µg/animal) was applied on the skin of the mice and were exposed to 112 MHz or to 2.45 GHz (2 h/day, 3 days/week for 16 weeks). In part A seven groups (n=18) were included: 1) sham exposure group, 2) DMBA group, 3) DMBA + 112 MHz exposure group, 4) DMBA + 2.45 GHz exposure group, 5) 112 MHz exposure group, 6) 2.45 GHz exposure group, 7) positive control: DMBA + croton oil (i.e. with TPA, as tumor promoter ...
Croton cordiifolius is widely used in Brazilian Caatinga folk medicine to treat general inflammation, pain, and gastrointestinal disturbances. Currently, its medicinal properties are not well understood, owing to the absence of chemical and pharmacological studies. The aims of this work were to analyze the chemical composition of C. cordiifolius stem bark and evaluate its in vitro antioxidant and in vivo anti-inflammatory activities. C. cordiifolius ethanolic extract (CcEE) was obtained by maceration, while essential oil (CcEO) was extracted by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger-type apparatus. The chemical composition was evaluated by thin-layer chromatography and GCMS. Total phenolics, flavonoids, and antioxidant activity were quantitated by spectrophotometry. Topical anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by different ear edema models in mice. The major compounds in CcEO were α-pinene (51.76%) and ß-pinene (19.08%). CcEE analysis indicated the presence of alkaloids, mono- and ...
Heres a quote I dug up about tung oil and Epstein-Barr: During the screening of plant oils for their Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-activating potency, we found that tung oil possesses an activity comparable to croton oil. Tung oil from various sources and the extracts from its parental plant Aleurites fordii (Chinese tung oil tree), when used in combination with n-butyrate, were shown to efficiently activate EBV persisting in human lymphoblastoid Raji cells (non-producer). The major diterpene ester in the plant extract, 12-O-hexadecanoyl-16-hydroxyphorbol-13-acetate (HHPA), also exerted a similar activity. In producer P3HR-1 cells, both tung oil and HHPA increased the yield of infectious EBV by approximately five-fold. Since tung oil is used for the manufacture of oil paints, varnishes, waterproof substance, anticorrosives and other products, the implication of using such an agent with EBV-activating potency in our daily life is assessed and discussed ...
The pathophysiology of IC is complex and not completely understood. This makes it difficult to develop definitive therapeutic modalities and to establish a standard animal model for translational research. Current approaches have mostly emphasized merging clinical practice and translational research; therefore, it is important to establish proper translational models similar to the disease in humans. Approximately 20 animal models with some similar characteristics to the IC phenotype have been generated over the past several decades [15,18]. From 1980 to 2000, the models were typically prepared by inducing inflammatory conditions in the bladder by intravesical instillation of chemical irritants, such as acetone, acrolein, acid, turpentine, mustard oil, or croton oil [19-22]. In the 2000s, IC animal models were commonly generated by injection of bacterial LPS, systemic administration of CYP, pseudorabies virus infection, or systemic induction of autoimmunity [9,14,16,23,24]. Although these ...
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Croton antisyphiliticus is a medicinal plant widely used in the treatment of microbial infections, especially those affecting the genital tract. Crude extract, fractions and pure compound isolated from roots of this species were investigated to validate their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The compound ent-kaur-16-en-18-oic acid was isolated as a major component (0.7% of crude extract), and its MIC value determined against S. aureus (ATCC 6538) was 250 μg/mL. This is the first phytochemical work on the species monitored with antimicrobial assay.
Originally hailing from Indonesia, the croton plant is a colorful shrub that can be raised in USDA hardiness zones 10A through 11. The shrubs profusion of red, orange, yellow and green leaves makes it a popular accent piece in a landscape. Though insect pests rarely afflict this hardy plant, it can occasionally ...
Not your typical houseplant! With its bright tropical foliage, exotic appearance and Asian-inspired square planter, this potted croton plant is an eye-catching natural addition to any room.
Digitized images of microscopic slices of Croton liniaris (F14) plant structures that were stained and permanently mounted to a glass slide ...
Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers. Ardmore ...
Thread in the Ask a Question forum forum by Skrishnamoorthy: Hello, I have an otherwise pretty healthy gold dust croton plant thats grown to over a foot ...
Have you recently been diagnosed with sleep apnea? Did you know that your local Croton on Huson dentist Dr. Bard Levey can help effectively and discreetly treat your sleep apnea? Dr. Levey is a credentialed dentist with American Sleep Dentistry (ASD) and offers custom-designed oral sleep appliances for the treatment of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is … Read more. ...
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Start Preamble Notice is hereby given that on February 23, 2004, a proposed Consent Decree in United States v. Buckeye Egg Farm, L.P. et al., Civil Action No. 3:03 CV 7681, was lodged with the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, which will resolve claims asserted against defendants Buckeye Egg Farm L.P. (Buckeye), its general partner Croton Farm, LLC (Croton Farm), and Anton Pohlmann, the sole member of Croton Farm and the 99% interest limited partner of Buckeye, in an Amended Complaint also filed on February 23, 2004. Buckeye is the nations fourth largest egg producer.. In this action the United States seeks final penalties and injunctive relief against Defendants for their failure to comply with an EPA request for information and administrative order under sections 114 and 113 of the Clean Air Act, as well for violations of PSD regulations and the Ohio SIP at three Buckeye facilities in Croton, Marseilles, and Mount Victory, Ohio. The claims pertain to ...
with Sidney Horenstein The Citys earliest quests for clean and reliable water started in Lower Manhattan. Come walk that history and see how the Citys rapid expansion eventually spurred building the much-needed Croton System. We begin our walking tour at the City Hall Park fountain where we will learn about the New York Citys initial efforts to provide pure, reliable water
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Yesterday I visited the East Branch of Croton again. Two weeks ago when I was there, I had a good time catching a carp, a bass and several trouts. Because that carp was rather large for my tenkara rod to be handled, it gave me a ...
First, some observations... 1. For three years I stopped fertilizing the garden. Everyone around me had Croton scale; I had none. This year, I threw...
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Dear neighbor, Here is the 354th installment of Decoding Village Agendas to keep Croton residents informed of the actions of the Village Board at their meetings. I continue to add recipients to this email update on agendas so you may be receiving it for the first time. I enjoy getting your feedback and hope to…
Task-based fMRI has been used to study the effects of experimental inflammation on the human brain, but it remains unknown whether intrinsic connectivity in the brain at rest changes during a sickness response. Here, we investigated the effect of experimental inflammation on connectivity between areas relevant for monitoring of bodily states, motivation, and subjective symptoms of sickness. In a double blind randomized controlled trial, 52 healthy volunteers were injected with 0.6 ng/kg LPS (lipopolysaccharide) or placebo, and participated in a resting state fMRI experiment after approximately 2h 45 minutes. Resting state fMRI data were available from 48 participants, of which 28 received LPS and 20 received placebo. Bilateral anterior and bilateral posterior insula sections were used as seed regions and connectivity with bilateral orbitofrontal and cingulate (anterior and middle) cortices was investigated. Back pain, headache and global sickness increased significantly after as compared to ...
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August 2020. Toxicological potential of ethanol extract of stem bark and Croton heliotropiifolius (Euphorbiaceae). Croton heliotropiifolius is an endemic specie in northeast of Brazil. It is renowned for its medicinal properties, larvicidal, insecticidal and cytotoxic activity. This study evaluated the phytochemical screening of ethanolic extract stem bark of C. heliotropiifolius (EECroton) and the toxicological potential in Swiss albino mice. Phytochemical analysis were performed by thin-layer chromatography. The EECroton at 2000.... Author(s): Willams Alves da Silva, Kristiana Cerqueira Mousinho, Mary Anne Medeiros Bandeira, Marcos Aurélio Santos da Costa, Renatha Claudia Barros Sobreira, Tainá Maria Santos Silva, José Gildo da Silva, Sandrine Maria de Arruda Lima, Luciano Souza de Lima, Roberta M Leite Lima and Sônia Pereira Leite ...
Annual herb becoming mostly 1-4 dm high; monoecious; stems conspicuously retrorsely stellate-hispid (hairs ca 1.5-2.5 mm long). Leaves membranous; petioles of leaves on main stem stellate-hispidulous, ca 3-25 mm long; stipules greenish, subulate, subentire, sparsely stellate, ca (1.5-)2.5-4.5 mm long, the glands at apex of petiole 2, distinctly stalked, 0.5-1.2 mm long, 0.1-0.3 mm broad across the flattened head; blades elliptic to more commonly ovate, 2-6.5 cm long, 1.5-5 cm broad (or smaller in depauperate specimens), bright green and rather sparsely strigose-hispid above, minutely glandular-punctate beneath, stellate with 6-10- radiate hairs (radii spreading, hairs ca 0.3-0.8 mm across), the veins at base of larger leaves 5, with ca 3-6 additional veins on each side, the base cuneate, the margins of larger leaves coarsely crenate-duplicidentate, with ca 10-15 major teeth on each side, the apex acute or obtuse. Inflorescences terminal, (the branching pat- tern of well-developed plants ? ...
His interests seem to have inclined to surgery rather than to medicine. Democedes once healed, without further trauma, a sprained ankle that Darius had received while hunting and that his Egyptian physicians were unable to treat. He treated Darius by Greek methods, replacing the violent manipulations of the Egyptians by milder remedies. At first he enabled Darius to sleep and shortly afterwards was able to restore completely the function of the ankle. He was richly rewarded and rose from a slaves misery to become an influential personality at the Persian court, but his liberty was not restored ...
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NameThatPlant.net currently features 3580 plants and 21,355 images. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia in which the plant has been documented.
The Fitzjames Lantern is a perfect example of a simple form executed with the purity of a natural material - wrought iron. The hammered metal and hand-applied M
Another plant of particular note is the purging croton, Croton tiglium, the source of croton oil from which phorbol was ... Phorbol was first isolated in 1934 as the hydrolysis product of croton oil, which is derived from the seeds of the purging ... Phorbol, in the form of croton oil, is also in folk medicine as a purgative, counter-irritant, or anthelmintic. Merck Index, ... "Croton Oil". OilHealthBenefits. OilHealthBenefits. 2014-07-12. Pal, Prince Kumar; Nandi, Manmath Kumar; Singh, Narendra Kumar ( ...
... after Croton tiglium (Linn.), specific name of the croton oil plant. The compound was shown to be identical with the previously ... It is found in croton oil and in several other natural products. It has also been also isolated from the defensive secretion of ... In 1870 Geuther and Fröhlich prepared an acid from croton oil to which they gave the name tiglic acid (or tiglinic acid) ... Lloyd, J. U. (1898). "Croton tiglium Archived 2003-08-01 at the Wayback Machine". Lloyd Brothers plant drug pamphlets, Lloyd ...
Liveing R (12 February 1881). "The treatment of ringworm by croton oil". Br. Med. J. 1 (1050): 227-228. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.1050. ...
An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: Part II. The lay peelers and their croton oil formulas. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000 ... An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: part IV. Face peel results with different concentrations of phenol and croton oil ... A phenol-croton oil is a type of chemical peel. The term "phenol-croton oil peel" has replaced the vague term "phenol peel" in ... Today it is more correctly referred to as a croton oil peel, since that has proven to be the active ingredient responsible for ...
Standard Oil Company. 1939. Croton Falls Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. New York State Department of Transportation ... Standard Oil Company of New York. 1929. Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of ... Sun Oil Company. 1935. Shell Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Shell Oil Company. 1937. Thibodeau ... Texas Oil Company. 1933. Texaco Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1934. ...
"Anthelmintic activity of Croton zehntneri and Lippia sidoides essential oils". Veterinary Parasitology. 148 (3-4): 288-294. doi ... Oil of anise". The Volatile Oils. Translated by Kremers, Edward. Milwaukee, WI: Review Publishing Co. p. s558-s563. De Saussure ... Dumas' finding that the crystallizable components of anise oil and fennel oil were identical was confirmed in 1833 by the team ... In 1832 the French chemist Jean Baptiste Dumas determined that the crystallizable components of anise oil and fennel oil were ...
Diezel, W.E.; Schulz, E.; Skanks, M.; Heise, H. (1993). "Plant oils: Topical application and anti-inflammatory effects (croton ... Linoleic acid is a component of quick-drying oils, which are useful in oil paints and varnishes. These applications exploit the ... doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00245-X. Oil, peanut, salad or cooking: search for peanut oil on "USDA Food Composition Databases". ... Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 20 (11): 231-234. doi:10.1007/BF02630880. S2CID 84893770. "Olive Oil : Chemical ...
An Enquiry into the Vessicating Constituent of Croton Oil', becoming the first woman to co-author a paper regarding research in ... "An enquiry into the nature of the vesicating constituent of croton oil". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 59 (353- ...
"Antagonism of croton oil inflammation by topical emu oil in CD-1 mice". Lipids. 38 (6): 603-607. doi:10.1007/s11745-003-1104-y ... A 2008 study has claimed that emu oil has a better anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory potential than ostrich oil, and linked ... Emu fat is rendered to produce oil for cosmetics, dietary supplements, and therapeutic products. The oil is obtained from the ... "Comparison of the antioxidant properties of emu oil with other avian oils". Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 48 ...
... croton oil, orpiment, myrobalans, betel (areca nuts); pigments such as Gamboge, indigo, lac, verdigris, azurite, minium, ... In more detail, they are "spices and fragrances such as Aloeswood (agalloch, Garro/Gharo), musk, cloves, sandalwood oil, ...
... (PDBu) is a phorbol ester which is one of the constituents of croton oil. As an activator of protein ...
It is called crotonic acid because it was erroneously thought to be a saponification product of croton oil. It crystallizes as ... Pomeranz, C. (1906). "Ueber Allylcyanid und Allylsenföl" [On allyl cyanide and allylic mustard oil]. Justus Liebigs Annalen der ...
Crotonic acid has 4 carbons, is included in croton oil, and is a trans-2-mono-unsaturated fatty acid. C3H5 CO2H, IUPAC ... is found in cod liver oil, sardine oil, and herring oil, and is a cis9-monounsaturated fatty acid. C15H29CO2H, IUPAC ... Oil, peanut, salad or cooking: search for peanut oil on "USDA Food Composition Databases". Archived from the original on 2015- ... CAS Registry Number 506-17-2. Gadoleic acid has 20 carbons, is found in cod liver oil and other marine animal oils, and is a ...
... a small amount of Croton oil was added to the neutral grain spirits which powered U.S. torpedoes. Drinking alcohol with the oil ... To avoid the Croton oil, sailors devised crude stills to slowly separate the alcohol from the poison, as alcohol evaporated at ... a lower temperature than Croton oil. The stills were sometimes called 'Gilly' stills, and the resulting potable alcohol was ...
Diezel, W.E.; Schulz, E.; Skanks, M.; Heise, H.. Plant oils: Topical application and anti-inflammatory effects (croton oil test ... A new vegetable oil from noni (Morinda citrifolia) seeds. „International Journal of Food Science & Technology". 43 (11), s. ...
He used exfoliative agents, like phenol, croton oil, nitric acid in various cautious combination for treating freckles and skin ...
This allowed workers to move out of the over-crowded Croton area while retaining easy access to their jobs at the Standard Oil ... On January 10, 1870, John D. Rockefeller and his partners established the Standard Oil company. By March 1872, Standard Oil had ... More and more Czech Americans and Czech immigrants settled in the Croton area due to Standard Oil's need for workers. The ... 37th and Croton). The Croton Czech settlement remained the center of Czech life in Cleveland until the late 1870s. ...
A second type was made with a paste prepared from honey locust pods, mixed with croton oil, and thinned with water. Presumably ... Sometimes, oil or turpentine may be added to a color, to achieve special effects. The colors are then spattered or dropped onto ... Ginger, possibly in the form of an oil or extract, was used to disperse the colors, or "scatter" them, according to the ... and oil-based paints. An intriguing reference which some think may be a form of marbling is found in a compilation completed in ...
The ingredients include (among others) Cayenne pepper, ipecac (an emetic), mustard, croton oil (which induces diarrhea), ...
... and as an ethyl ester in croton oil. Isobutyric acid is manufactured by the oxidation of isobutyraldehyde, which is a byproduct ...
Croton oil (tiglium oil) is pressed from the seeds of Croton tiglium. Highly toxic, it was formerly used as a drastic purgative ... Corn oil, one of the principal oils sold as salad and cooking oil. Canola oil, the most sold cooking oil all around the world, ... Pecan oil, valued as a food oil, but requiring fresh pecans for good quality oil. Pine nut oil, sold as a gourmet cooking oil, ... Cape chestnut oil, also called yangu oil, is a popular oil in Africa for skin care. Carob pod oil (Algaroba oil), from carob, ...
... demonstrated by their ability to reduce edemas caused by carrageenan and croton oil. The anti-inflammatory nature of myricetin ...
June 2003). "Antagonism of croton oil inflammation by topical emu oil in CD-1 mice". Lipids 38 (6): 603-607. doi:10.1007/s11745 ... "Comparison of the antioxidant properties of emu oil with other avian oils". Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 48: ... Whitehouse, M. W.; Turner, A. G.; Davis, C. K.; Roberts, M. S. (1998). "Emu oil(s): A source of non-toxic transdermal anti- ... Howarth, Gordon S.; Lindsay, Ruth J.; Butler, Ross N.; Geier, Mark S. (2008). "Can emu oil ameliorate inflammatory disorders ...
The Secret of Youth in Croton Oil"[full citation needed], and "Liposuction: Do's and Don'ts".[full citation needed] "Physician ...
... had been seen defecating with abnormal frequency before the race and suggested that Gorytus had been doped with croton oil, a ...
There are no fewer than eight recognised routes up the needle, with "Croton Oil" graded at Hard Very Severe (HVS 5A) being ...
Essential oils of Kenyan Lippia species. Part III (1991) A clerodane diterpene and other constituents of Croton megalocarpus ( ... A New Triterpenoid Ester from Croton megalocarpus (1991) Essential Oils of Two Lippia ukambensis Vatke Chemotypes and Lippia ... Leaf Oil of Melaleuca quinquenervia from Benin (1996) Essential oils of Cympogon shoenanthus and Lippia multiflora from Togo ( ... Epoxychiromodine and other constituents of Croton megalocarpus (1992) Constituents of the stem bark and twigs of Croton ...
... castor oil), Croton and Poppy. The endosperm is called "horny" when the cell walls are thicker such as date and coffee, or " ... Oil from jojoba and crambe are similar to whale oil. Seeds are the source of some medicines including castor oil, tea tree oil ... Many important nonfood oils are extracted from seeds. Linseed oil is used in paints. ... "Almond/Almond Oil". drugs.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-18. Wolke, RL. Seeds of Anxiety Washington Post January 5 ...
... croton oil, hop pillows, prolonged warm baths with wooden planks across the bath to permit the taking of meals, setons to the ...
... clove oil MeSH D20.666.750.240 - corn oil MeSH D20.666.750.263 - cottonseed oil MeSH D20.666.750.315 - croton oil MeSH D20.666. ... castor oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.240 - corn oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.263 - cottonseed oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.315 - croton oil ... safflower oil MeSH D20.666.750.865 - sesame oil MeSH D20.666.750.880 - soybean oil MeSH D20.666.750.940 - tea tree oil MeSH ... sesame oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.880 - soybean oil MeSH D20.215.784.750.940 - Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil) MeSH D20.215.894 - ...
... such as olive oil or flaxseed oil). Trans fats are very rare in nature, and have been shown to be highly detrimental to human ... Alcmaeon of Croton (a Greek) wrote of the importance of equilibrium between what goes in and what goes out, and warned that ... In 1816, François Magendie discovered that dogs fed only carbohydrates (sugar), fat (olive oil), and water died evidently of ... High calorie food ingredients such as vegetable oils, sugar and alcohol are referred to as "empty calories" because they ...
... based on large-scale supply networks such as the Croton Aqueduct in New York. ...
... castor oil), Croton and Poppy. The endosperm is called "horny" when the cell walls are thicker such as date and coffee, or " ... Oil from jojoba and crambe are similar to whale oil. Seeds are the source of some medicines including castor oil, tea tree oil ... Many important nonfood oils are extracted from seeds. Linseed oil is used in paints. ... It is usually triploid, and is rich in oil or starch, and protein. In gymnosperms, such as conifers, the food storage tissue ( ...
In the studio at Olana he made hundreds of pencil and oil technical drawings for stencils, mantels, banisters, and other ... Throughout his life but especially in the 1850s, Church traveled throughout North and South America, making oil and pencil ... Old Croton Aqueduct. *Old Erie Canal. *Old Fort Niagara. *Oriskany Battlefield. *Philipse Manor Hall ... excavation of an artificial lake in 1873 to mirror the Hudson and add balance to the viewshed-meanwhile producing dozens of oil ...
Following community protests, and seepage of contaminated oil into Jamaica Bay, the Pennsylvania and Fountain landfills ceased ... Croton, Delmar, Elmira, Freeport, Geneva, and Hornell; each named after municipalities in New York State.[57] The community had ...
Standard Oil Company of New York. 1929. Texaco Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil ... The combined influence of the New York City water supply system's Croton Watershed, which includes most of the bodies of water ... Texas Oil Company. 1934. Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Shell Oil Company. 1936. Shell Road Map ... Shell Oil Company. 1937. Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938-39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. New York ...
The influx of water into the river there led to a fuel oil spill from a company on the banks of the river in. By September 2 ... one person was killed when an inflatable boat capsized on the Croton River. Extensive power outages occurred in both Nassau and ...
For example, nutmeg oil was documented for curing stomach ailments and cardamom oil was believed to relieve intestinal ailments ... Alcmaeon of Croton wrote on medicine between 500 and 450 BCE. He argued that channels linked the sensory organs to the brain, ...
First from a silver oil-flask soft oil drawing we will let it drip beneath the shady plane-tree. Letters will be carved in the ... Cicero (De Inventione, 2.1-3) sets the story in Croton. Mansfield, Too Beautiful to Picture, 29 Hughes, Helen of Troy, 1-2 ...
It is badly degraded due to farming, livestock grazing and oil exploration. The Catatumbo moist forests ecoregion is in western ... Croton, Inga, Isertia, Jacaranda, Trema and Vismia. Isolated species along the Onia River include Faramea capillipes associated ... Grazing animals, farms and oil exploration have drastically changed large areas. As of 2002 of the total 23,359 square ... Colonization is increasing, and oil exploration continues. On the mountain slopes areas have been deforested for shifting ...
In 1948 the couple was instrumental in the development of Harmon Park in Croton-on-Hudson, New York. This was a community of ... A catalog listing of her Shakespeare themed oil paintings appears in Shakespeare in American Painting : A Catalogue from the ...
... bamboo tubes to extract palm oil ,and clay utensils. Grouped in nomadic tribes ruled by chiefs, firm believers of the eventual ... Croton xanthochloros); copey (Clusia major), Maytenus karstenil, Coccoloba coronata, cascarón (Machaerium robinifolium), ...
Croton seeds contain approximately 30% oil and a high protein content of 30%. Byproducts from the oil include croton seedcake ... Croton nut oil (CNO) has been promoted for its perceived benefits in combating climate change, greenhouse gas emissions and ... Croton seed cake is used in animal feeds. Based on laboratory testing, protein accounts for 25-30% of the croton seed cake ... A prolific seeder, Croton trees fruit twice a year approximately five months after rains in East Africa. Croton nuts develop ...
New Jersey (Map). Cartography by American Oil Company. American Oil Company. 1968. Rife, Judy (March 31, 2007). "Bonacic wins ... After a quarter-mile long (400 m) bridge over the Croton River, US 6, US 202 and NY 22 just north of Brewster, the Interstate ... Sinclair Oil Corporation. 1964. New York (Map) (1969-70 ed.). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1968. ...
... of spilled oil, including the Greenpoint oil spill, raw sewage from New York City's sewer system, and other accumulation. New ... The Croton Watershed north of the city is undergoing construction of a $3.2 billion water purification plant to augment New ... Dunlap, David W. (July 23, 2014). "Quiet Milestone in Project to Bring Croton Water Back to New York City". The New York Times ... "oil" became a diphthong [ɜɪ]. This is often misperceived by speakers of other accents as a reversal of the er and oy sounds, so ...
The historic Croton Aqueduct tunnel has a hard-packed dirt trail, called the Old Croton Aqueduct Trailway, running above it for ... Michaela Odone, 61, the 'Lorenzo's Oil' Mother "Michaela Odone, 61, the Lorenzo's Oi'l' Mother"], The New York Times, June 13, ... "Masur grew up in Yonkers and went to camp at Croton Point Park." Bennetts, Leslie. "The Blond From The Bronx Returns", The New ... "TV, Movie Star Richard Masur Now Leads Croton Democrats", Cortlandt Daily Voice, July 25, 2016. Accessed September 23, 2019. " ...
Yorktown once had five stations along the New York and Putnam Railroad - Kitchawan, Croton Lake, Croton Heights, Yorktown ... "Where There's Never an Oil Shortage". New York Times. May 13, 2007. https://www.tapology.com/fightcenter/fighters/150897-mike- ... The first Croton Dam was located in Yorktown and broke in 1842, causing significant damage to property and major loss of life.[ ... Late in the war, the Pines Bridge crossing of the Croton River was guarded by the 1st Rhode Island Regiment made up of White, ...
... both signed as Croton Avenue. The designation was applied to the current US 62 alignment between Oil City and Ohio from 1928 to ... Croton Avenue). In February 2007, the route was extended northward from US 422 Business along East Washington Street to Croton ...
Done in oil paint on board, the painting depicts a wood sawyer in New York City. The painting - described as a work of genre ... The painting contains many indicators of its New York setting; the manhole cover refers to the Croton Aqueduct (completed in ...
Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. Croton oil is used in Phenol-croton oil chemical peels for its caustic ... Croton oil (Crotonis oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the order Euphorbiales and ... Because croton tiglium oil is cocarcinogenic, it has been used in tumor research. Croton oil is the source of the chemical ... the United States Navy added a small amount of croton oil to the neutral grain spirits which powered torpedoes. The oil was ...
Croton Oil indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information ... Croton Oil Croton Tiglium - Boiron. Croton Tiglium - Dolisos. Croton Tiglium - Homeocan. Croton Tiglium - Standard Homeopathic ... Lavender Oil. Rosemary Oil. Thyme Oil. Turpentine Oil Rubenal - Alcon Croton Oil. Cantharides. Cistus Canadensis. Echinacea ... Croton Oil. Podophyllum HP25 - Metagenics Croton Oil. Poison Ivy. Xerophyllum Asphodeloides Hylands Formula PI - Standard ...
... A.P.V. Abdon1, J.H. Leal-Cardoso1, A.N. Coelho-de ... Figure 1. Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCn) in the hot-plate test. Each point ... Figure 2. Effect of the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCn) on the nociceptor stimulation by intraplantar injection of ... 4. Lahlou S, Leal-Cardoso JH & Magalhães PJC (2000). Essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius decreases blood pressure through an ...
Chemomodulatory Potential of Flaxseed Oil Against DMBA/Croton Oil-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice.. Sharma J1, Singh R1, ... Chemomodulatory Potential of Flaxseed Oil Against DMBA/Croton Oil-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice ... Chemomodulatory Potential of Flaxseed Oil Against DMBA/Croton Oil-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice ... Chemomodulatory Potential of Flaxseed Oil Against DMBA/Croton Oil-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice ...
Croton seeds are sometimes applied directly to the skin for muscle and joint pain. The main use for croton oil today is as an ... Croton Oil is a natural source of phorbol, phorbol esters and glycerides of saturated fatty acids. ... Dermatologists, plastic surgeons and other practitioners can vary the amount of croton oil in the peel to customize the ... The Croton oil ear test revisited.inflammation research. 1986, 17 (3),347-349 . ...
Due to its incredibly strong and toxic compositional makeup, only a drop or two of oil should be used at a time. If you happen ... The amount of croton oil that the skin can safely handle is very specific for peeling. Then, a necessary amount of healing ... Croton oil is an oil that used to be used for stomach issues, digestive interruptions and constipation. Due to its very acrid ... What Is Croton Oil?. by admin October 21, 2018. The earth is a magical place. When we think about the plethora of plants, seeds ...
Group VI (Treated with BA topically): The animals in this group were applied with DMBA/Croton oil similar to DMBA/Croton oil- ... reduction in tumor volume as compared to DMBA/Croton oil applied mice (Table 1). The mice applied DMBA/Croton oil showed ... 3. Sharma J, Singh R, Goyal P. Chemomodulatory potential of flaxseed oil against DMBA/croton oil-induced skin carcinogenesis in ... Chemomodulatory Potential of Flaxseed Oil Against DMBA/Croton Oil-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice. Integrative Cancer ...
The leaves of Croton cajucara are used as an infusion in popular medicine to combat several diseases. Previous studies have ... In this study, we investigated the effects of the 7-hydroxycalamenene-rich essential oil from the leaves of C. cajucara (red ... Pre-treatment of macrophages and parasites with the essential oil reduced parasite/macrophage interaction by 52.8%, while it ... The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the essential oil and its purified component 7-hydroxycalamenene against L. chagasi ...
... croton oil+fish oil treated group compared to only DMBA +croton oil administered positive control group. Pre-treatment of fish ... Chemopreventive potential of fish oil against 7, 12-dimethyl benz(a)anthracene and croton oil induced two-stage mouse skin ... initiated and croton oil-promoted skin papillomagenesis model in mice. Oral treatment of fish oil at a dose of 25 μl per animal ... Our aim of this study was to examine the chemopreventive potential of fish oil on 7, 12-Dimethylbenz (a) Anthracene (DMBA)- ...
... is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the natural order Euphorbiales and family ... Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. In traditional Chinese medicine it is used as an ingredient in some ... Are you facing constipation? If yes, use few drops of #crotonoil to mix it into a carrier oil (coconut or olive) an… https://t. ... Are you facing constipation? If yes, use few drops of #crotonoil to mix it into a carrier oil (coconut or olive) an… https://t. ...
Croton Oil Treatment.. We applied 0.8% croton oil (Sigma) diluted in acetone under the chin of 10-day-old mice. ... Inflammation was induced by painting the skin of 3339 mice with croton oil. Croton oil causes local irritation and erythema, ... of male mice developed disease with croton oil. Histologic analysis showed that the disease that developed after croton oil in ... When croton oil was used to paint the skin of adult (4- to 8-week-old) 2-2-3/K14-Aβb mice, transient inflammation was evident ...
The Phenol-Croton Oil Peel is the only resurfacing method that can remove deep wrinkles, lines, and brown spots, while ... Drops of croton oil can affect the depth of the penetration of the peel solution. In other words, if we choose to go deeper ... The Phenol-Croton Oil Peel removes damaged skin down to the upper level of the dermis of the skin. When healing occurs, one has ... How does Croton Oil affect the peel solution?Sarah Schumacher2019-03-22T14:50:59-05:00. ...
Patient expectations of facial skin recovery after rejuvenation with deep chemical peels with Croton Oil is discussed by Sydney ... Deep Chemical Peels with Croton Oil in Sydney - Post procedure recovery. After a deep chemical peel with croton oil by Sydney ... skin should be completely healed and back to normal colouration within 2-3 months of your deep chemical peel with Croton oil by ... Croton Oil Peels *Croton Oil Peel Expectations. *Croton Oil Peel Recovery. *Croton Oil Peel Costs ...
Deep chemical peels with Croton Oil are an effective method of skin resurfacing targeting fine wrinkles. Sydney Plastic Surgeon ... Deep Chemical Peels with Croton Oil in Sydney Costs. Our pricing for a deep chemical peel with Croton Oil by Sydney Plastic ... Croton Oil Peels *Croton Oil Peel Expectations. *Croton Oil Peel Recovery. *Croton Oil Peel Costs ... Deep facial peels with Croton Oil in Sydney. *Croton Oil Peel Costs ...
Then the croton oil peel may be for you! The croton oil peel (also called modified phenol peel or Hetter peel) is a chemical ... The Croton oil peels are impressive for peri-oral wrinkles (those around the mouth) and of the lower eyelids. These areas can ... The croton oil peel is nearly painless postoperatively, patients report the first few days feeling like a bad sunburn. It does ... The croton oil peel is a specially formulated peel based on years of publications and research. The procedure is performed ...
Find out information about Croton Oil. A yellow-brown oil obtained from the seeds of the Croton tiglium; used as a purgative ... a thick brownish or yellow liquid... Explanation of Croton Oil ... Related to Croton Oil: cascara sagrada. croton oil. [′krōt·ən ‚ ... Croton Oil. a thick brownish or yellow liquid obtained from the seeds of the purging croton (Croton tiglium). Croton oil acts ... Croton Oil , Article about Croton Oil by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Croton+Oil ...
Nutrients in Croton Essential Oil. List of various diseases cured by Croton Essential Oil. How Croton Essential Oil is ... Names of Croton Essential Oil in various languages of the world are also given. ... Materia Medica for Croton Essential Oil. Croton Essential Oil General Croton Essential Oil is processed from Croton Tiglium ... Croton Essential Oil is extracted from Seeds of the Croton.. It is made by various methods. The most common method of ...
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Croton lechleri is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. ... Croton tiglium. Croton Oil Plant. Croton, Purging croton.. Tree. 7.0. 10-12 M. LMH. N. DM. 0. 3. 2. ... Croton megalocarpus. Croton tree. Tree. 25.0. 10-12 F. LM. N. M. 0. 2. 4. ... Croton lechleri is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. ...
Croton Species Poisoning): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis. ... on short branches cashew cattle chick-feeding trials clusters commonly cottonseed meal Croix Croton Croton discolor croton oil ... The dose of croton oil is from 1 to 6 drops, which is best given on sugar, or made into a pill with crumb of bread, in order to ... Taken internally, just a single drop of croton oil quickly leads to abdominal pain and diarrhoea. In large doses, it is highly ...
Inhibition of croton oil-induced oedema in rat ear skin by topical nicotinamide gel. / Satyam, S. M.; Bairy, K. L.; Musharraf, ... Satyam, S. M. ; Bairy, K. L. ; Musharraf, S. ; Fernandes, D. L. / Inhibition of croton oil-induced oedema in rat ear skin by ... Satyam, S. M., Bairy, K. L., Musharraf, S., & Fernandes, D. L. (2014). Inhibition of croton oil-induced oedema in rat ear skin ... Inhibition of croton oil-induced oedema in rat ear skin by topical nicotinamide gel. Pharmacologyonline. 2014 Dec 30;3:22-25. ...
Hogwort contains croton oil, a powerful laxative. British author J. K. Rowling did not deliberately name the Hogwarts School of ... Croton capitatus, known as the hogwort or woolly croton or goatweed, is an annual plant with erect, branched stems, densely ... List of Croton species "Visitors Guide to Hogwarts". The Harry Potter Lexicon. Retrieved 20 October 2007 Noble Foundation ...
Croton Oil Seeds. Euphorbiace .. The Croton seed is spoken of by Avicenna and Serapion. Christoph dAcosta is the first ... Croton Tiglium.. [1] Mind.. [2] Sensorium.. [3] Inner head.. [4] Outer head.. [5] Sight and eyes.. [6] Hearing and ears.. [7] ... The effects of the oil taken or applied are recorded in the Encyclop dia, vol. 3, p. 606, the principal symptoms being from J. ... In modern times, on account of its medicinal oil, it was brought more to the notice of physicians. ...
Croton oil-induced topical dermatitis.. Croton oil experiments were performed as previously described(Schenkel et al., 2004). ... croton oil (Sigma-Aldrich) in a 9:1 mixture of acetone/olive oil (carrier) was applied to the left ears of animals. The right, ... were stimulated with croton oil (1%, 20 µl/ear) or carrier (10% olive oil/90% acetone). After 5 h, mice were sacrificed, their ... Before stimulation with croton oil, mice were pretreated with either anti-CD99 (clone 3F11 mAb; Fig. 9 a), KH7, or carrier ...
... tree oil. Detailed product information Due to its high content of natural active substances such as alkaloids, ... Home › Advance Dragon Blood 30 ml Croton lechleri (Sangre de Drago) tree oil ... Write a review for Advance Dragon Blood 30 ml Croton lechleri (Sangre de Drago) tree oil ... Advance Dragon Blood 30 ml Croton lechleri (Sangre de Drago) tree oil. Advance ...
Brian S. Glatt in Morris County, New Jersey for a full face phenol and croton oil peel. This peel was performed to help improve ... Case #14782: Phenol and Croton Oil Peel - 76 year old female. Buttock Augmentation. Buttock Lift. Fat Transfer. Liposuction. ...
... materia medica indications (symptoms) by T.F. Allen, Boericke, Boger, Clarke, Hering, Kent Lectures, Reversed & ... Croton Tiglium Croton-oil Seed, Croton Tig, Croton, Croton.. Available in 3X-30X, 200X, 3C-30C, 200C, 1M-10M from $6.99. ... Buy Croton Tiglium 30CBuy Croton Tiglium 200C. Croton Tiglium Popularity:. Sales rank: 164. ... Croton Tiglium most popular Potencies. 30C. 6C. 200C. 30X. 6X. Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a tiny ...
Homeopathic Croton Tiglium - FEVER AND CHILL indications, uses & symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Available 9X- ... Croton Tiglium - Fever And Chill symptoms Croton-oil Seed, Croton Tig, Croton, Croton. Crot-t.. ... Croton Tiglium. General Relationships Modalities Etc Mind Head Vertigo, Dizziness Eyes Ears Nose Face Skin Mouth Chest Throat ... Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Croton Tiglium in traditional homeopathic usage, not ...
Optimising by-products from Croton megalocarpus seed oil extraction A diverse industrial natural product for sustainable ... I am currently working on a project that aims at optimising effective uses for by-products from Croton megalocarpus seed oil ... Pseudopulchellol: A unique sesquiterpene-monoterpene derived C-25 terpenoid from the leaves of Croton pseudopulchellus Pax ( ...
Outcomes Assessment of Combination Face Lift and Perioral Phenol-Croton Oil Peel. Ozturk, Cemile Nurdan; Huettner, Franziska; ...
  • Croton oil (Crotonis oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the order Euphorbiales and family Euphorbiaceae, and native or cultivated in India and the Malay Archipelago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because croton tiglium oil is cocarcinogenic, it has been used in tumor research. (wikipedia.org)
  • a thick brownish or yellow liquid obtained from the seeds of the purging croton ( Croton tiglium ). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Croton Essential Oil is processed from Croton Tiglium seeds. (herbpathy.com)
  • Below are the strongest indications (i.e. symptoms) of Croton Tiglium in traditional homeopathic usage, not reviewed by the FDA. (abchomeopathy.com)
  • Oil of Croton Tiglium. (chestofbooks.com)
  • RTECS] "Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). (nih.gov)
  • Pseudopulchellol: A unique sesquiterpene-monoterpene derived C-25 terpenoid from the leaves of Croton pseudopulchellus Pax (Euphorbiaceae). (kew.org)
  • ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the acaricidal activity of the volatile oils of three species of Croton , Euphorbiaceae , against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. (bvsalud.org)
  • Croton is a genus of Euphorbiaceae comprising around 1,300 species, widespread in tropical regions of the Old and New Worlds. (scielo.br)
  • Croton é um gênero de Euphorbiaceae com cerca de 1300 espécies, amplamente distribuídas em regiões tropicais do Novo e Velho Mundos. (scielo.br)
  • During World War II, the United States Navy added a small amount of croton oil to the neutral grain spirits which powered torpedoes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dermatologists, plastic surgeons and other practitioners can vary the amount of croton oil in the peel to customize the treatment for a particular patient or skin area, such as on the neck or around the eyes. (alfa.com)
  • The amount of croton oil that the skin can safely handle is very specific for peeling, and then the necessary amount of healing after the facial, is required. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • Later, a small amount of Croton oil was added to the neutral grain spirits which powered U.S. torpedoes. (jwz.org)
  • Croton oil is used in Phenol-croton oil chemical peels for its caustic exfoliating effects it has on the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main use for croton oil today is as an active ingredient in phenol-based facial peels. (alfa.com)
  • Chemical peels are very serious so make sure you do the proper research if you consider doing a deeply invasive one with croton oil because your skin will need to heal immediately after. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • The Croton oil peels are impressive for peri-oral wrinkles (those around the mouth) and of the lower eyelids. (eberbach.com)
  • Phenol-croton oil peels have been modernized and depend on croton oil concentration to minimize risks. (thieme-connect.de)
  • Advances in chemical peels: modified phenol-croton oil medium depth peels. (obagi.com)
  • There are no problems with cardiotoxicity with croton oil-phenol peels if done appropriately. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The topical treatment with FA (20 [micro]l, 100 mg/ml) did not significantly reduce the auricular edema induced by topical croton oil (70. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The present study revealed that the Nicotinamide gel 2%, 3% and 4% (Apex Laboratories Private Limited, Chennai, India) is the potential agent that could offer a novel therapeutic option against croton oil-induced ear edema in Wistar rats. (elsevier.com)
  • E6201 formulated as an ointment or cream showed dose-dependent inhibition of croton oil-induced acute edema formation and neutrophil infiltration into mouse skin. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The effect of Thymus vulgaris essential oil (TEO) and its isolated constituents thymol and cavacrol (CVL) were studied in the following experimental models: ear edema, carrageenan-induced pleurisy, and chemotaxis in vitro . (hindawi.com)
  • Pharmacological studies found that administration of tea flowers extract (TFE) could effectively inhibit croton oil-induced ear edema and carrageenin-induced paw edema. (hindawi.com)
  • In rats, croton oil induced ear edema was reduced. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • An extract-loaded nanoemulsion showed a topical anti-inflammatory activity in a croton oil-induced edema ear model, with a decrease in tumor necrosis factor release and myeloperoxidase activity. (dovepress.com)
  • In mice ear edema (induced by phorbol-12-mirystate-13-acetate, croton oil and arachidonic acid), taraxasteryl acetate showed a topical anti-inflammatory activity similar to the extract, but at 1/20 of the dose. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Chemomodulatory Potential of Flaxseed Oil Against DMBA/Croton Oil-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice. (nih.gov)
  • Cancer was induced on 2-stage skin carcinogenesis model by single topical application of 7,12 dimethylbenz [a]anthracene (DMBA), as, initiator, and two weeks later it was promoted by croton oil treatment thrice a week on the dorsal surface of mice for 16 weeks. (nih.gov)
  • The results of the present study demonstrate that the oral administration of FSO has the potential to modulate the levels of LPO, antioxidants, and detoxification enzymes in the DMBA-croton oil-induced skin carcinogenesis in mice. (nih.gov)
  • Patil CR, Sonara BM, Mahajan UB, Patil KR, Patil DD, Jadhav RB, Goyal SN, Ojha S. Chemomodulatory Potential of Bartogenic Acid Against DMBA/Croton Oil Induced Two-Step Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice. (jcancer.org)
  • The chemopreventive efficacy of BA was evaluated against the DMBA/Croton oil-induced skin carcinogenesis in mice.BA was orally administered at the doses of 1, 2 or 4 mg/kg/day or applied topically every day for 12 weeks following DMBA application. (jcancer.org)
  • The in vivo datacollected from mice model of DMBA/Croton oil-induced skin carcinogenesis revealed that BA administered orally or applied topically, both reduced the precancerous skin lesions andthe incidence of tumor bearing. (jcancer.org)
  • Repeated topical exposures to DMBA along with a promoter agent like croton oil lead to the development of skin tumors [ 6 ]. (jcancer.org)
  • Our aim of this study was to examine the chemopreventive potential of fish oil on 7, 12-Dimethylbenz (a) Anthracene (DMBA)-initiated and croton oil-promoted skin papillomagenesis model in mice. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Oral treatment of fish oil at a dose of 25 μl per animal resulted in significant reduction of tumor incidence, tumor burden, tumor yield, and the cumulative number of papillomas in DMBA+croton oil+fish oil treated group compared to only DMBA +croton oil administered positive control group. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Chemoprevention by Triticum Aestivum of mouse skin carcinogenesis induced by DMBA and croton oil. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • In the present study the antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of C. nepetaefolius (EOCn), administered orally, were evaluated in male Swiss mice (20-25 g). (scielo.br)
  • The present study was conducted to evaluate the potential of flaxseed oil to prevent chemically induced skin cancer in mice. (nih.gov)
  • 05 ml acetone) was applied topically to these animals in the shaven area (after a minimum gap of 6 h after treatment with the modulator) followed by croton oil treatment as given to Group I mice. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • BSE inhibited upper gastrointestinal transit in croton oil-treated mice as well as castor oil-induced diarrhoea. (nih.gov)
  • Afshar M, Ghaderi R, Zardast M, Delshad P. Effects of topical emu oil on burn wounds in the skin of Balb/c mice. (webmd.com)
  • Using a model of croton oil-induced (CO) intestinal inflammation in mice, we have shown a 6-fold increase in the potency of the antitransit and antisecretory effects of μ-OR agonists, mediated by peripheral ORs. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The toxic effect of chronic administration of gut-stimulating principle of Croton penduliflous Hutch seed in mice. (banglajol.info)
  • Acute toxicity and gastrointestinal irritant effect of Croton penduliflorus seed oil in mice. (banglajol.info)
  • With over 30 years of experience performing this procedure on thousands of patients, Dr. Edwin Cortez is a leading expert in the use of the Phenol-Croton Oil Peel. (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • Dr. Cortez and his staff formulate the Phenol-Croton Oil Peel solution prior to each patient's procedure rather than ordering the solution, pre-made, from a dermatological company. (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • Patients often mistakenly believe that they need a facelift, when in reality, a Phenol-Croton Oil Peel is the treatment of choice. (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • However, only the Phenol-Croton Peel can remove medium to deep lines and wrinkles, brown spots, and crepey skin. (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • Immediately prior to performing the Phenol-Croton Oil Peel, Dr. Cortez, with the assistance of his nursing staff, formulate the specific mixtures to be used on the patient that is being treated. (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • How does a Phenol-Croton Oil Peel compare to a Facelift? (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • On the other hand, if you want to erase medium-deep wrinkles, lines, and brown spots, the Phenol-Croton Oil Peel is the procedure of choice! (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • How long has Dr. Cortez been performing the Phenol-Croton Oil Peel? (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • Who is a good candidate for the Phenol-Croton Oil Peel? (cortezfacialplasticsurgery.com)
  • The croton oil peel (also called modified phenol peel or Hetter peel) is a chemical treatment that penetrates deeply into the skin. (eberbach.com)
  • This 76 year old woman chose Dr. Brian S. Glatt in Morris County, New Jersey for a full face phenol and croton oil peel. (smartbeautyguide.com)
  • The main compounds of this oil are the natural terpenoid thymol and its phenol isomer carvacrol (CVL) [ 4 , 5 ], which have antioxidative, antimicrobial, antitussive, expectorant, antispasmodic, and antibacterial effects [ 6 - 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Do you agree or disagree, and why, with the following: "The best method to improve moderate to deep rhytids is the croton oil-phenol peel. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It is composed to phenol and croton oil. (blissplan.com)
  • Tumor promotion activity was traced to phorbol esters present in croton oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Croton Oil is a natural source of phorbol, phorbol esters and glycerides of saturated fatty acids. (alfa.com)
  • Phorbol esters from croton oil: Chemical nature and biological activities. (springer.com)
  • Dragon Blood ADVANCE contains a pure resin from the Croton lechleri ​​tree , which is called Dragon Blood (Sangre de Drago). (mydrxm.com)
  • 100% Croton lechleri ​​Muell (Sangre de Drago) resin. (mydrxm.com)
  • The cocarcinogenic action of croton resin. (springer.com)
  • Topical treatment with NFs (once application) and nanoemulgel (twice application) evoked a marvelous in vivo anti-inflammatory activity against croton oil-induced mouse skin inflammation model when compared with pure clove essential oil along with relatively higher efficacy of medicated NFs than that of medicated nanoemulgel. (dovepress.com)
  • It contains 100% pure Croton lechleri ​​(Sangre de Drago) tree oil. (mydrxm.com)
  • Since croton oil is very irritating and painful, it is used in laboratory animals to study how pain works, pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory drugs, and immunology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently the aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Nicotinamide gel 2%, 3% and 4% (Apex Laboratories Private Limited, Chennai, India) against croton oil-induced ear oedema skin inflammatory model in Wistar rats. (elsevier.com)
  • Nevertheless, fabricating nano topical delivery systems targeted to augment the anti-inflammatory activity of the oil has not been investigated so far. (dovepress.com)
  • Croton nepetaefolius Baill. (scielo.br)
  • The aromatic plant Croton nepetaefolius Baill. (scielo.br)
  • The volatile oils from Croton conduplicatus Kunth, Croton pulegiodorus Baill. (bvsalud.org)
  • and two different collections of Croton grewioides Baill. (bvsalud.org)
  • These results showed that essential oil from the leaves of C. blanchetianus Baill represents an alternative source of potentially natural antimicrobial agents that may be used as a food preservative. (bvsalud.org)
  • Croton oil-induced ear oedema control rats (Group I) and Nicotinamide gel 2% (Group II), 3% (Group III) and 4% (Group IV) dissolved in the irritant solution of croton oil was applied for 21 days. (elsevier.com)
  • Fukushima M, Ohashi T, Sekikawa M, Nakano M. Comparative hypocholesterolemic effects of five animal oils in cholesterol-fed rats. (webmd.com)
  • Emu oil decreases atherogenic plaque formation in cafeteria diet-induced obese rats. (webmd.com)
  • The laxative effect of ethanolic seed extract of Croton penduliflorous was evaluated in loperamide-induced constipated male rats on daily basis for 7 days. (banglajol.info)
  • Suppressing effect of croton oil on intestinal carcinogenesis induced by methylazoxymethanol acetate in rats. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Croton oil is the source of the chemical compound phorbol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Available studies have dealt only with the chemical composition of the essential oil of C. nepetaefolius (EOCn) and its pharmacological effects on intestinal, respiratory and vascular smooth muscle and on arterial pressure (2-6). (scielo.br)
  • Morphological alterations in the chemical carcinogen-treated animal with or without flaxseed oil. (nih.gov)
  • Lipid peroxidation (LPO) level in groups treated with and without flaxseed oil during chemical-induced skin carcinogenesis. (nih.gov)
  • Cytochrome P450 level in groups treated with or without flaxseed oil during chemical-induced skin carcinogenesis. (nih.gov)
  • After a deep chemical peel with croton oil by Sydney Plastic Surgeon Dr Gavin Sandercoe, patients will proceed through several stages of healing. (drgavinsandercoe.com.au)
  • Your skin should be completely healed and back to normal colouration within 2-3 months of your deep chemical peel with Croton oil by Sydney Specialist Plastic Surgeon, Dr Gavin Sandercoe. (drgavinsandercoe.com.au)
  • The chemical composition of the essential oil (EO) from leaves of L. nobilis, collected in Southern Italy, was studied by GC and GC-MS. In all, 55 compounds were identified, accounting for 91.6% of the total oil. (mdpi.com)
  • Croton lechleri - Mull.Arg. (pfaf.org)
  • Sangre de Grado (Croton lechleri) is a flowering plant with a broad but open crown native to north western South America. (pfaf.org)
  • Croton lechleri is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Croton lechleri ​​is a tree growing in South America in the Andes and also in the tropical forests of the upper Amazon. (mydrxm.com)
  • An extract is derived from a mixture of the bark of the genus Phellodendron and the defatted seed of the genus Croton and has excellent therapeutic activity in treating various disorders of the immune system. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Emu oil: a novel therapeutic for disorders of the gastrointestinal tract? (webmd.com)
  • A great part of pharmacological assays with Croton substances dealt with the clerodane trans- dehydrocrotonin, a wide diversity of effects having been noticed, including hypolipidemic, hypoglycaemic, anti-oestrogen and anti-cancer. (scielo.br)
  • The article states, "In humans estragole usually enters the body as a component of fennel tea, or as a food that has been seasoned with herb that contains many other substances like nevadensin, epigallocatechine, other flavonoids, and anethole [in essential oil], that have a protective role and so counterbalance to the possible effect of pure estragole. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The term 'vegetable oil' can be narrowly defined as referring only to substances that are liquid at room temperature. (scribd.com)
  • Therefore, Croton pulegiodorus volatile oil is promising for a potential acaricidal formulation because of the best activity against both stages of the cattle tick . (bvsalud.org)
  • While laticifers have been described in Croton species, so far there are no anatomical studies about secretory structures of volatile oil. (scielo.br)
  • Some species are aromatic due to the possession of volatile oils. (scielo.br)
  • such oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Essential oils (EO) are volatile mixtures of compounds obtained from spices, aromatic herbs, fruits, and flowers and have been traditionally used in folk medicine to treat several diseases. (frontiersin.org)
  • The leaves of Croton cajucara are used as an infusion in popular medicine to combat several diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study, we investigated the effects of the 7-hydroxycalamenene-rich essential oil from the leaves of C. cajucara (red sacaca) against Leishmania chagasi, as well as on the interaction of these parasites with host cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study, we showed the leishmanicidal effect of essential oil from Artemisia annua leaves (AALEO) against Leishmania donovani in vitro and in vivo . (frontiersin.org)
  • Sage oil is often adulterated by the addition of thujone derived from the leaves of Juniperus virginiana (red cedar). (drugs.com)
  • In this study and in order to contribute for the search of new natural drugs for leishmaniasis, the essential oils of H. tuberculatum leaves, stems and aerial parts (leaves+stems) collected in two different periods, 2013 and 2015, and their components by GC/FID and GC/MS analyses were investigated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Few studies about flavonoids have been carried out with Croton species. (scielo.br)
  • Norwegian partisans, ordered by the Quisling government to turn over a catch of sardines to the Nazi German government for shipment to Saint-Nazaire (a U-boat base of operations) arranged with the British for a large shipment of croton oil to poison the sardines, whose fishy taste was expected to conceal the tampering. (wikipedia.org)
  • To avoid the Croton oil, sailors devised crude stills to slowly separate the alcohol from the poison, as alcohol evaporated at a lower temperature than Croton oil. (jwz.org)
  • The antiinflammatory activity of a new 14-membered macrolide antibiotic, roxithromycin, was evaluated in various rat models including carrageenan- and poly-L-arginine-induced hind-paw oedema, croton oil inflamed ear assay and polyester sponge granuloma. (nih.gov)
  • Croton seeds are sometimes applied directly to the skin for muscle and joint pain. (alfa.com)
  • However, despite not being an oil that is readily suggested for what it used to be used for, it's still used in very small doses for skin care purposes. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • This is specifically what this oil targets when it is used sparingly in skin-care regimens. (trustedhealthproducts.com)
  • Pre-treatment of fish oil also increased the latency period of tumor development and a significant reduction in the weight and size of the skin papillomas. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Thus, the results of the present study clearly indicate that fish oil has potent chemopreventive efficacy against two-stage skin carcinogenesis which can be partially attributed to its anti-oxidative and anti-peroxidative effect. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Croton oil acts as a strong cathartic and irritates the skin and mucous membranes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The ex vivo skin permeation data of clove essential oil from the prepared formulations showed that NFs can sustain its penetration through the skin comparably with nanoemulgel. (dovepress.com)
  • People use emu oil for conditions such as high cholesterol , dry skin , wound healing, sore muscles, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. (webmd.com)
  • When emu oil is applied to the skin, it has moisturizing and cosmetic properties that resemble mineral oil . (webmd.com)
  • Early research shows that applying emu oil during and after radiation therapy doesn't prevent skin damage better than cottonseed oil. (webmd.com)
  • Applying emu oil to the skin might improve symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis. (webmd.com)
  • Emu oil is possibly safe for most people when applied to the skin in appropriate amounts for up to 6 weeks. (webmd.com)
  • The extracted oils were screened in vitro for anti-leishmanial activity on Leishmania mexicana mexicana ( L.m.m. ) promastigotes and cytotoxicity on the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell line. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It has been reported that essential oils are biologically active agents (8). (scielo.br)
  • After condensation, the aqueous phase with its solutes was separated from an oily phase, the essential oil. (scielo.br)
  • Previous studies have demonstrated that the linalool-rich essential oil from C. cajucara (white sacaca) is extremely efficient against the tegumentary specie Leishmania amazonensis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Promastigotes were treated with different concentrations of the essential oil for determination of its minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition, the effects of the essential oil on parasite ultrastructure were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To evaluate its efficacy against infected cells, mouse peritoneal macrophages infected with L. chagasi promastigotes were treated with the inhibitory and sub-inhibitory concentrations of the essential oil. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the essential oil and its purified component 7-hydroxycalamenene against L. chagasi were 250 and 15.6 μg/mL, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These results indicate that the 7-hydroxycalamenene-rich essential oil from C. cajucara is a promising source of leishmanicidal compounds. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Croton Essential Oil is extracted from Seeds of the Croton. (herbpathy.com)
  • A bacteriostatic effect on meat contaminated with L. monocytogenes was found for all concentrations of essential oils tested. (bvsalud.org)
  • Reports indicate that the volatile oils of thyme are among the main essential oils used in the food industry and in cosmetics as preservatives and antioxidants [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Thymus vulgaris essential oil (TEO) is a mixture of monoterpenes. (hindawi.com)
  • The obtained essential oil was dried over sodium sulphate and stored at 4°C in dark vials until tested. (hindawi.com)
  • Clove essential oil is a phytochemical possessing a vast array of biological activities. (dovepress.com)
  • Monomer-essential-oil-of-Linalo. (chemnet.com)
  • Natural-essential-oil-of-natural. (chemnet.com)
  • Monomer-essential-oil-of-Pure-Na. (chemnet.com)
  • clove-oil,clove-essential-oil,eu. (chemnet.com)
  • Avocado-Essential-Oil,Persea-Gra. (chemnet.com)
  • Essential oil of Croton zehntneri and its major constituent anethole display gastroprotective effect by increasing the surface mucous layer. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The active componenets of the essential oil mixture Components (mg/kg) Thymol (thyme oil) 2000 B-phellanderene (thymeoil) 1300 Limonene (thyme oil+pepermint oil) 3525 B-pinene (thyme oil+pepermit oil) 1977 Linalool (oreganum oil) 3645 Carcacrol (oreganum oil) 8910 Anethole (anise oil) 10712 Menthole (pepermint oil) 6375 Table 2. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Regarding its phytochemical composition, some studies have been performed on the essential oil (Talenti, 1976), sesquiterpenes (Bohlmann et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. (academicjournals.org)
  • Fumigant Antifungal Activity of Corymbia citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus Essential Oils and Citronellal against Three Fungal Species. (academicjournals.org)
  • Evaluation of essential oils for preventive or curative management of melon gummy stem blight and plant toxicity. (academicjournals.org)
  • Bioactivity of Mentha arvensis L. essential oil in phytopathogenic fungi control. (academicjournals.org)
  • The essential oils and R -(+)-limonene showed moderate anti-leishmanial activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Oils extracted by this latter method are called essential oils. (scribd.com)
  • Essential oils often have different properties and uses than pressed or leached vegetable oils. (scribd.com)
  • 2]) of the right ear applying 80 [micro]g of Croton oil dissolved in 42% aqueous ethanol (for extracts and the relevant controls) or acetone (for fractions, compounds and their controls). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ear oedema was induced by topical application of irritant solution of croton oil to the right ear only. (elsevier.com)
  • The effects of the oil taken or applied are recorded in the Encyclop dia, vol. 3, p. 606, the principal symptoms being from J. Buchner's collection of provings published in Archiv. (homeoint.org)
  • Sangre de grado is a common name for several trees in the genus Croton - all have a red sap and can be used interchangeably. (pfaf.org)
  • The present invention relates to novel compositions of matter having excellent activity with respect to cancers, tumours, thyroid disorders, etc., which are extracted from a mixture of the bark of the genus Phellodendron and the defatted seed of the genus Croton, a method for extraction therefor and a drug containing the same. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Several species of Croton have a red sap, in some species containing proanthocyanidins and/or alkaloids. (scielo.br)
  • Representatives of new classes of compounds (phenylbutanoids, glutarimide alkaloids, sarcopetalane diterpenes) have been isolated from Croton species. (scielo.br)
  • Pharmacological assays have frequently corroborated the traditional uses of Croton species. (scielo.br)
  • Variation in the composition were also observed in the re-analyzed volatile oils, showing stability concerns. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sailors devised crude stills to separate the alcohol from the croton oil, as alcohol evaporates at a lower temperature than croton oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Várias espécies de Croton têm um látex vermelho que contém, em algumas espécies, pró-antocianidinas e/ou alcalóides. (scielo.br)
  • such oils consist of a mixture of fatty acids and their esters, and are classified as solid, semisolid, and liquid, or as drying, semidrying, and nondrying as a function of their tendency to solidify on exposure to air. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The mixture may also be separated bydistilling the oil away from the plant material. (scribd.com)
  • One can obtain 0.35 litres of biofuel from a kilo of croton nuts. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2 Inedible oils used only or primarily as biofuel 3 Drying oils 4 Other oils 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 Further reading Edible oils[edit] See also: Cooking oil Major oils[edit] Sunflowers.3 Citrus oils 1.4 Oils from melon and gourd seeds 1. (scribd.com)
  • and as a fuel for traditional oil lamps.1 Multipurpose oils also used as biofuel 2.5 Food supplements 1.6 Other edible oils 2 Oils used for biofuel o o       2. (scribd.com)
  • Hogwort contains croton oil, a powerful laxative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topical application of the prepupae of Rhynchophorus ferrugineous with one of three dose-levels (0.1, 0.005 or 0.001mcg per insect) of jojoba oil decreased daily O 2 consumption and CO 2 release of early and late pupae. (sigmaaldrich.com)