Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE. The common name of dragon's blood is also used for DRACAENA and Daemonorops (ARECACEAE). Croton tiglium is the source of CROTON OIL.
A non-allergic contact dermatitis caused by prolonged exposure to irritants and not explained by delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms.
A circumscribed benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface; more precisely, a benign epithelial neoplasm consisting of villous or arborescent outgrowths of fibrovascular stroma covered by neoplastic cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The aglycone of CYCASIN. It acts as a potent carcinogen and neurotoxin and inhibits hepatic DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in tobacco smoke that is a potent carcinogen.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Drugs that act locally on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces to produce inflammation; those that cause redness due to hyperemia are rubefacients; those that raise blisters are vesicants and those that penetrate sebaceous glands and cause abscesses are pustulants; tear gases and mustard gases are also irritants.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
'Rats, Inbred ACI' are an inbred strain of albino rats that originated from the Wistar rat strain, characterized by their uniform genetic makeup, high susceptibility to certain diseases, and use as models for biomedical research, particularly in studies related to diabetes, obesity, and cancer.
Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.

Chronic inflammatory disease alters adhesion molecule requirements for acute neutrophil emigration in mouse skin. (1/87)

Mutant mice triply deficient in ICAM-1, E-selectin, and P-selectin did not develop the neutrophilic skin lesions that spontaneously arise in mutants doubly deficient in E-selectin and P-selectin. Thus, ICAM-1 is essential to skin disease resulting from endothelial selectin deficiency. During experimental dermatitis, acute neutrophil emigration was completely prevented in young mice deficient in both selectins (E/P and E/P/I mutants). However, older E/P mutants with spontaneous skin lesions displayed an endothelial selectin-independent pathway for acute neutrophil emigration. In contrast, emigration remained compromised in E/P/I mutants and CD18 mutants regardless of age or lesions. Experimentally induced chronic lesions elicited this pathway for acute emigration in young E/P mutants. Thus, an endothelial selectin-independent pathway for acute neutrophil emigration is induced in E/P mice by chronic inflammation at distant sites, and this pathway may contribute to skin disease resulting from endothelial selectin deficiency.  (+info)

Central and peripheral cannabinoid modulation of gastrointestinal transit in physiological states or during the diarrhoea induced by croton oil. (2/87)

We have evaluated the effect of cannabinoid drugs, administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) or intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) on upper gastrointestinal transit in control and in croton oil-treated mice. The cannabinoid agonists, WIN 55,212-2 (2-239 nmol mouse(-1)) and cannabinol (24-4027 nmol mouse(-1)), decreased while the CB(1) antagonist SR141716A (2-539 nmol mouse(-1)) increased transit in control mice. WIN 55,212-2, cannabinol and SR141716A had lower ED(50) values when administered i.c.v., than when administered i.p. The CB(2) antagonist SR144528 (52 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) was without effect. During croton oil (0.01 ml mouse(-1), p.o.)-induced diarrhoea, the ED(50) values of i.p. -injected WIN 55,212-2 and cannabinol (but not SR141716A) were significantly decreased (compared to control mice). However, the ED(50) values of WIN 55,212-2 were similar after i.p. or i.c.v. administration. The inhibitory effects of WIN 55,212-2 and cannabinol were counteracted by SR141716A (16 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) but not by SR144528 (52 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) both in control and croton-oil treated mice. Ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium (69 nmol mouse(-1), i.p.) did not modify the inhibitory effect of i.p. -injected cannabinoid agonists either in control or in croton-oil treated mice. The lower ED(50) values of cannabinoid drugs after i.c.v. administration suggest a central (CB(1)) site of action. However, a peripheral site of action is suggested by the lack of effect of hexamethonium. In addition, croton oil-induced diarrhoea enhances the effect of cannabinoid agonists by a peripheral mechanism.  (+info)

Intestinal inflammation and morphine tolerance alter the interaction between morphine and clonidine on gastrointestinal transit in mice. (3/87)

BACKGROUND: Morphine and clonidine show synergy or antagonism inhibiting gastrointestinal transit depending on their proportion and level of effect. Their interaction during morphine tolerance and intestinal inflammation were assessed. METHODS: Gastrointestinal transit in mice was evaluated with charcoal and antitransit effects expressed as percent mean values +/- SEM. Tolerance was induced with a morphine pellet (75 mg) implanted for 72 h, and inflammation with intragastric croton oil. Dose-response curves for morphine and clonidine alone and combined at a 1:1 potency ratio were obtained, and doses producing a 50% and 60% inhibition were calculated (ED50, ED60). Interaction was established by isobolograms, interaction indexes, and analysis of variance. RESULTS: In naive and tolerant mice, the combination induced linear dose-response curves up to the ED60 and then reached a plateau. In naive mice, ED50 values were as follows: morphine 1.52 +/- 0.15 mg/kg, clonidine 0.09 +/- 0.008 mg/kg, and combined 0.506 +/- 0.084 mg/kg (0.478 +/- 0.08 mg/kg morphine plus 0.028 +/- 0.004 mg/kg clonidine). During tolerance, ED50 values were as follows: morphine 9.73 +/- 0.8 mg/kg, clonidine 0.09 +/- 0.007 mg/kg, combination 0.131 +/- 0.09 mg/kg (morphine 0. 13 +/- 0.09 mg/kg plus clonidine 0.0013 +/- 0.0005 mg/kg). In both groups, the interaction was synergistic up to the ED60 and antagonistic thereafter; synergy was enhanced during tolerance. During inflammation, ED50 values were as follows: morphine 0.17 +/- 0.04 mg/kg, clonidine 0.015 +/- 0.006 mg/kg, combined 0.62 +/- 0.04 mg/kg (morphine 0.568 +/- 0.04 mg/kg plus clonidine 0.052 +/- 0.004 mg/kg); thus, potencies of morphine and clonidine increased 9.3 and 7.1 times, while the combination remained unaltered. Moreover, inflammation transformed synergy into antagonism. CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between morphine and clonidine was significantly altered during tolerance and inflammation. During tolerance, synergy was present up to 60% effect and then became antagonistic. Inflammation converted synergy to antagonism. A common pathway in signal transduction could partially explain the results.  (+info)

Ozonation of mutagenic and carcinogenic polyaromatic amines and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in water. (4/87)

The Salmonella-microsome assay for mutagenesis was used to determine the effect of ozone on the mutagenesis of selected carcinogens and mutagens in water. Short periods of ozonation were shown to completely inactivate the mutagenicity of several polyaromatic amine mutagens including acriflavine, proflavine, and beta-naphthylamine. Selected polyaromatic hydrocarbons were also sensitive to ozonation. Kinetic studies revealed that the mutagenicity of benzo(a)pyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene, and 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene was destroyed after short periods of ozonation. To correlate loss of mutagenicity with loss of carcinogenicity, two polyaromatic hydrocarbons were treated with ozone, extracted from water with hexane, and tested for carcinogenicity in mice. When 7,12-dimethyl-benz(a)anthracene and 3-methyl-cholanthrene were treated with ozone, there was a substantial reduction in carcinogenicity compared to control groups treated with oxygen alone. However, a small number of tumors developed in the group of animals receiving a hexane extract of ozonated 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene. This activity may be due to breakdown products of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene that are not mutagenic.  (+info)

Chemical activation of innate and specific immunity in contact dermatitis. (5/87)

Recent reports have suggested that chemical-induced allergic contact dermatitis may not be a traditional type IV hypersensitivity, in part due to the dual irritant and antigenic properties of sensitizing chemicals. In order to investigate the contribution of these properties to the molecular and cellular mechanism underlying allergic contact dermatitis, we evaluated oxazolone-induced changes in cell populations and cytokine production in the dermis of transgenic mice with impaired innate immunity (the FcgammaR subunit knockout mouse), and absent specific immunity (the athymic mouse), and the appropriate B6,129F2 and C57BL/6 control mice. Oxazolone and croton oil were applied in a single sensitizing dose, or in sensitizing and challenge doses, and the dermal response was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. In the wild type mice, with or without sensitization to oxazolone or croton oil, we observed mixed Th1/Th2 cytokine production and both CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes; however, the neutrophil was the predominant cell in the dermis, even 72 h after final chemical application. Athymic mice displayed a similar neutrophil response with moderate Th1/Th2 cytokine production, and FcgammaR subunit knockout mice exhibited very mild dermatitis when treated with either oxazolone or croton oil. These results provide support for the hypothesis that allergic contact dermatitis is not a classic delayed type hypersensitivity, demonstrate the importance of the interaction between the irritant and antigenic properties of sensitizing chemicals in the development of allergic contact dermatitis, and suggest that the irritant effect of chemicals may be mediated through the cutaneous innate immune system.  (+info)

Neutral endopeptidase terminates substance P-induced inflammation in allergic contact dermatitis. (6/87)

Sensory nerve-derived neuropeptides such as substance P demonstrate a number of proinflammatory bioactivities, but less is known about their role in inflammatory skin disease. The cell surface metalloprotease neutral endopeptidase (NEP) is the principal proteolytic substance P-degrading enzyme. This study tests the hypothesis that the absence of NEP results in dysregulated inflammatory skin responses. The effector phase of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) responses was examined in NEP(-/-) knockout and NEP(+/+) wild-type mice and compared with the irritant contact dermatitis response in these animals. NEP was found to be normally immunolocalized in epidermal keratinocytes and dermal blood vessels. The ACD ear swelling response was 2.5-fold higher in animals lacking NEP and was accompanied by a significant increase in plasma extravasation and infiltration of inflammatory leukocytes. The augmented ACD response in NEP(-/-) animals was abrogated by either administration of a neurokinin receptor 1 antagonist or by repeated pretreatment with topical capsaicin. Similar to NEP(-/-) mice, the acute inhibition of NEP in NEP(+/+) animals resulted in an augmented ACD response. In contrast to the ACD responses, little differences were observed in the irritant contact dermatitis response of NEP(-/-) compared with NEP(+/+) animals after epicutaneous application of the skin irritants croton oil or SDS. Thus, these results indicate that NEP and cutaneous neuropeptides have a significant role in the pathogenesis of ACD.  (+info)

Intestinal inflammation enhances the inhibitory effects of opioids on intestinal permeability in mice. (7/87)

The inhibitory effects of central and peripherally acting opioid agonists on intestinal permeability (PER) were evaluated during acute and chronic intestinal inflammation in mice. Inflammation was induced by the intragastric (p.o.) administration of one (acute) or two (chronic) doses of croton oil (CO), whereas controls received saline (SS). Intestinal PER was assessed by the blood-to-lumen transfer of 51Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (51Cr-EDTA). CO significantly increased PER during acute (2.5 times) and chronic (3.2 times) inflammation. The potency of s.c. morphine-inhibiting PER was enhanced 3.8 and 8.7 times in acute and chronic CO, whereas that of s.c. fentanyl was increased 2.0 and 4.3 times, respectively, compared with SS. Similarly, s.c. [D-Pen(2,5)]-enkephalin was 4.7 and 11.1 times more potent during acute and chronic CO, and the E(max) values of the dose-response curves increased 35% during inflammation. The potency of s.c. U50,488H was 5.6 (acute) and 6.7 times (chronic) greater compared with SS. All effects were reversed by specific antagonists. The i.p. administration of beta-funaltrexamine differentially blocked morphine effects during acute and chronic CO, suggesting that the effects are mediated by different populations of functional mu-opioid receptors (OR). The increase in potencies of s.c. PL017 and ICI-204,448 during CO were comparable to those observed with fentanyl and U50,488H and their effects were antagonized by s.c. naloxone methiodide. Moreover, the potency of the agonists during inflammation was unaltered when administered i.c.v. The results show that intestinal inflammation enhances the effects of delta- > mu- > kappa-opioid agonists on PER by activation of peripheral OR.  (+info)

Nonspecific inhibition of DNA repair synthesis by tumor promoters in human diploid fibroblasts damaged with N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. (8/87)

The effects of selected tumor-promoting agents and their nonpromoting analogs on DNA repair synthesis were examined in human diploid fibroblasts (WI-38) damaged with N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. Over a range of doses, three promoters (croton oil, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, and anthralin) were found to inhibit DNA repair synthesis while their nonpromoting analogs (phorbol and 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone) had little effect. Another tumor promoter, phenol, inhibited DNA repair synthesis only at very high concentrations while an analog, 4-nitrophenol, produced inhibition of DNA repair synthesis at molar concentrations at which phenol had no effect. To investigate the specificity of this phenomenon, the effects of these agents on DNA-replicative synthesis, RNA synthesis, protein synthesis, and cell morphology were evaluated. At equimolar concentrations, tumor promoters were found to inhibit DNA-replicative synthesis as effectively as repair synthesis. RNA and protein synthesis were similarly inhibited over the same range of concentrations. Extensive morphological changes, interpreted as evidence of toxicity, were seen at concentrations of promoters that inhibited the macromolecular syntheses studied. The nonpromoting analogs, with the exception of nitrophenol, had little effect on these processes and showed only slight morphological damage. Thus tumor-promoting agents appeared to inhibit a number of macromolecular synthetic events, including DNA repair synthesis. It is suggested that the effect of tumor promoters on DNA repair synthesis is part of a general response to cellular injury rather than a selective response involving a single metabolic pathway. Furthermore, it is unlikely that the inhibition of repair synthesis represents the major mode of action of promoting agents in the carcinogenic process.  (+info)

Croton oil is a highly toxic, irritant, and vesicant liquid that is derived from the seeds of the croton tiglium plant. It is a type of unsaturated fatty acid known as an octadecatrienoic acid, and it contains a mixture of various chemical compounds including crotonic acid, diglycerides, and phorbol esters.

Croton oil is commonly used in laboratory research as a pharmacological tool to study the mechanisms of inflammation, pain, and skin irritation. It can also be used as a veterinary medicine to treat certain types of intestinal parasites in animals. However, due to its high toxicity and potential for causing severe burns and blisters on the skin, it is not used in human medicine.

It's important to note that croton oil should only be handled by trained professionals in a controlled laboratory setting, as improper use or exposure can result in serious injury or death.

The term "Croton" is most commonly used to refer to a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), which includes over 700 species. These plants are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, with many having colorful and distinctive leaves or flowers.

However, "Croton" is not a medical term and does not have a specific definition in the context of medicine. If you have any questions about a medical condition or treatment that involves the use of the term "Croton," it would be best to consult with a healthcare professional for clarification.

Irritant contact dermatitis is a type of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) that results from exposure to an external substance that directly damages the skin. It can be caused by both chemical and physical agents, such as solvents, detergents, acids, alkalis, friction, and extreme temperatures. The reaction typically occurs within hours or days of exposure and can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching, burning, and pain. Unlike allergic contact dermatitis, which requires sensitization to a specific allergen, irritant contact dermatitis can occur after a single exposure to an irritant in sufficient concentration or after repeated exposures to lower concentrations of the substance.

A papilloma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that grows on a stalk, often appearing as a small cauliflower-like growth. It can develop in various parts of the body, but when it occurs in the mucous membranes lining the respiratory, digestive, or genitourinary tracts, they are called squamous papillomas. The most common type is the skin papilloma, which includes warts. They are usually caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and can be removed through various medical procedures if they become problematic or unsightly.

Methylazoxymethanol Acetate (MAM) is not a medication or therapeutic agent used in human medicine. It is a research tool, specifically a neurotoxin, that is used in laboratory studies to help understand the development and organization of the nervous system, particularly in relation to neurodegenerative disorders and brain injuries.

MAM is primarily used in animal models, often rats or mice, to study the effects of early life exposure to neurotoxic substances on brain development. It is known to cause widespread degeneration of nerve cells (neurons) and disruption of normal neural connections, which can provide valuable insights into the processes underlying various neurological conditions.

However, it's important to note that MAM is not used as a treatment or therapy in human medicine due to its neurotoxic properties.

Medical definitions generally do not include plant oils as a specific term. However, in a biological or biochemical context, plant oils, also known as vegetable oils, are defined as lipid extracts derived from various parts of plants such as seeds, fruits, and leaves. They mainly consist of triglycerides, which are esters of glycerol and three fatty acids. The composition of fatty acids can vary between different plant sources, leading to a range of physical and chemical properties that make plant oils useful for various applications in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. Some common examples of plant oils include olive oil, coconut oil, sunflower oil, and jojoba oil.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

Phytotherapy is the use of extracts of natural origin, especially plants or plant parts, for therapeutic purposes. It is also known as herbal medicine and is a traditional practice in many cultures. The active compounds in these plant extracts are believed to have various medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, or sedative effects. Practitioners of phytotherapy may use the whole plant, dried parts, or concentrated extracts to prepare teas, capsules, tinctures, or ointments for therapeutic use. It is important to note that the effectiveness and safety of phytotherapy are not always supported by scientific evidence, and it should be used with caution and preferably under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Volatile oils, also known as essential oils, are a type of organic compound that are naturally produced in plants. They are called "volatile" because they evaporate quickly at room temperature due to their high vapor pressure. These oils are composed of complex mixtures of various compounds, including terpenes, terpenoids, aldehydes, ketones, esters, and alcohols. They are responsible for the characteristic aroma and flavor of many plants and are often used in perfumes, flavors, and aromatherapy. In a medical context, volatile oils may have therapeutic properties and be used in certain medications or treatments, but it's important to note that they can also cause adverse reactions if not used properly.

9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA) is a synthetic, aromatic hydrocarbon that is commonly used in research as a carcinogenic compound. It is a potent tumor initiator and has been widely used to study chemical carcinogenesis in laboratory animals.

DMBA is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) with two benzene rings fused together, and two methyl groups attached at the 9 and 10 positions. This structure allows DMBA to intercalate into DNA, causing mutations that can lead to cancer.

Exposure to DMBA has been shown to cause a variety of tumors in different organs, depending on the route of administration and dose. In animal models, DMBA is often applied to the skin or administered orally to induce tumors in the mammary glands, lungs, or digestive tract.

It's important to note that DMBA is not a natural compound found in the environment and is used primarily for research purposes only. It should be handled with care and appropriate safety precautions due to its carcinogenic properties.

In the context of medicine and pharmacology, oils are typically defined as lipid-based substances that are derived from plants or animals. They are made up of molecules called fatty acids, which can be either saturated or unsaturated. Oils are often used in medical treatments and therapies due to their ability to deliver active ingredients through the skin, as well as their moisturizing and soothing properties. Some oils, such as essential oils, are also used in aromatherapy for their potential therapeutic benefits. However, it's important to note that some oils can be toxic or irritating if ingested or applied to the skin in large amounts, so they should always be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Irritants, in a medical context, refer to substances or factors that cause irritation or inflammation when they come into contact with bodily tissues. These substances can cause a range of reactions depending on the type and duration of exposure, as well as individual sensitivity. Common examples include chemicals found in household products, pollutants, allergens, and environmental factors like extreme temperatures or friction.

When irritants come into contact with the skin, eyes, respiratory system, or mucous membranes, they can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching, pain, coughing, sneezing, or difficulty breathing. In some cases, prolonged exposure to irritants can lead to more serious health problems, including chronic inflammation, tissue damage, and disease.

It's important to note that irritants are different from allergens, which trigger an immune response in sensitive individuals. While both can cause similar symptoms, the underlying mechanisms are different: allergens cause a specific immune reaction, while irritants directly affect the affected tissues without involving the immune system.

The ear is the sensory organ responsible for hearing and maintaining balance. It can be divided into three parts: the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. The outer ear consists of the pinna (the visible part of the ear) and the external auditory canal, which directs sound waves toward the eardrum. The middle ear contains three small bones called ossicles that transmit sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear. The inner ear contains the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain, and the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance.

I'm having a bit of difficulty understanding the specific term you're asking about, as "Rats, Inbred ACI" doesn't seem to be a standardized nomenclature in the field of medical or biological sciences. However, I can provide some information that might help you understand this term better.

"Inbred" refers to a strain of animals that have been produced by mating individuals that are closely related over many generations. This results in a population that is highly homozygous at most genetic loci, meaning that the same allele (version of a gene) is present on both copies of the chromosome.

"ACI" is an abbreviation for August Copenhagen Irish, which is a strain of laboratory rats that were developed in the 1920s by crossing several different rat stocks. The ACI rat strain is known for its low incidence of spontaneous tumors and other diseases, making it a popular choice for biomedical research.

Therefore, "Inbred ACI" likely refers to a specific strain of laboratory rats that are genetically identical to each other due to inbreeding, and which belong to the ACI rat strain. However, I would recommend consulting the original source or contacting an expert in the field to confirm this interpretation.

Gastrointestinal transit refers to the movement of food, digestive secretions, and waste products through the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus. This process involves several muscles and nerves that work together to propel the contents through the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum.

The transit time can vary depending on factors such as the type and amount of food consumed, hydration levels, and overall health. Abnormalities in gastrointestinal transit can lead to various conditions, including constipation, diarrhea, and malabsorption. Therefore, maintaining normal gastrointestinal transit is essential for proper digestion, nutrient absorption, and overall health.

Edema is the medical term for swelling caused by excess fluid accumulation in the body tissues. It can affect any part of the body, but it's most commonly noticed in the hands, feet, ankles, and legs. Edema can be a symptom of various underlying medical conditions, such as heart failure, kidney disease, liver disease, or venous insufficiency.

The swelling occurs when the capillaries leak fluid into the surrounding tissues, causing them to become swollen and puffy. The excess fluid can also collect in the cavities of the body, leading to conditions such as pleural effusion (fluid around the lungs) or ascites (fluid in the abdominal cavity).

The severity of edema can vary from mild to severe, and it may be accompanied by other symptoms such as skin discoloration, stiffness, and pain. Treatment for edema depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, lifestyle changes, or medical procedures.

Fish oils are a type of fat or lipid derived from the tissues of oily fish. They are a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These fatty acids have been associated with various health benefits such as reducing inflammation, decreasing the risk of heart disease, improving brain function, and promoting eye health. Fish oils can be consumed through diet or taken as a dietary supplement in the form of capsules or liquid. It is important to note that while fish oils have potential health benefits, they should not replace a balanced diet and medical advice should be sought before starting any supplementation.

Skin neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the skin that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). They result from uncontrolled multiplication of skin cells, which can form various types of lesions. These growths may appear as lumps, bumps, sores, patches, or discolored areas on the skin.

Benign skin neoplasms include conditions such as moles, warts, and seborrheic keratoses, while malignant skin neoplasms are primarily classified into melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma. These three types of cancerous skin growths are collectively known as non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs). Melanoma is the most aggressive and dangerous form of skin cancer, while NMSCs tend to be less invasive but more common.

It's essential to monitor any changes in existing skin lesions or the appearance of new growths and consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment if needed.

Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. Croton oil is used in Phenol-croton oil chemical peels for its caustic ... Croton oil (Crotonis oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the order Euphorbiales and ... Because croton tiglium oil is cocarcinogenic, it has been used in tumor research. Croton oil is the source of the chemical ... the United States Navy added a small amount of croton oil to the neutral grain spirits which powered torpedoes. The oil was ...
Hogwort contains croton oil, a powerful laxative. British author J. K. Rowling did not deliberately name the Hogwarts School of ... Croton capitatus, known as the hogwort or woolly croton or goatweed, is an annual plant with erect, branched stems, densely ... List of Croton species "Visitor's Guide to Hogwarts". The Harry Potter Lexicon. Retrieved 20 October 2007 Noble Foundation ... Croton (plant), Flora of the Southeastern United States, Flora of Texas, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All ...
Croton oil Southern African Sand Forest "Croton gratissimus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic ... Croton gratissimus var. gratissimus Croton gratissimus var. subgratissimus (Prain) Burtt Davy - Hairy lavender croton The ... Croton is a genus of some 600 widely distributed tropical and sub-tropical species. The name 'croton' is Greek for a sheep-tick ... Croton gratissimus (commonly known as lavender croton or lavender fever berry), is a tropical African shrub or small tree with ...
"Antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius on mice". Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological ... Croton nepetifolius (Croton nepetaefolius) is an aromatic species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Croton (plant ... List of Croton species "Oxydectes nepetifolia (Baill.) Kuntze". The Plant List. Abdon, A. P. V.; Leal-Cardoso, J. H.; Coelho-de ...
Croton seeds contain approximately 30% oil and a high protein content of 30%. Byproducts from the oil include croton seedcake ... Croton nut oil (CNO) has been promoted for its perceived benefits in combating climate change, greenhouse gas emissions and ... Croton seed cake is used in animal feeds. Based on laboratory testing, protein accounts for 25-30% of the croton seed cake ... A prolific seeder, Croton trees fruit twice a year approximately five months after rains in East Africa. Croton nuts develop ...
The purging croton, Croton tiglium, is the source of croton oil from which phorbol was initially isolated. Its seeds and oil ... Phorbol was first isolated in 1934 as the hydrolysis product of croton oil, which is derived from the seeds of the purging ... Phorbol, in the form of croton oil, is also in folk medicine as a purgative, counter-irritant, or anthelmintic. Merck Index, ... "Croton Oil". OilHealthBenefits. OilHealthBenefits. 2014-07-12. Pal, Prince Kumar; Nandi, Manmath Kumar; Singh, Narendra Kumar ( ...
... after Croton tiglium (Linn.), specific name of the croton oil plant. The compound was shown to be identical with the previously ... It is found in croton oil and in several other natural products. It has also been also isolated from the defensive secretion of ... In 1870 Geuther and Fröhlich prepared an acid from croton oil to which they gave the name tiglic acid (or tiglinic acid) ... Lloyd, J. U. (1898). "Croton tiglium Archived 2003-08-01 at the Wayback Machine". Lloyd Brothers plant drug pamphlets, Lloyd ...
Liveing R (12 February 1881). "The treatment of ringworm by croton oil". Br. Med. J. 1 (1050): 227-228. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.1050. ...
Standard Oil Company. 1939. Croton Falls Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. New York State Department of Transportation ... Standard Oil Company of New York. 1929. Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of ... Sun Oil Company. 1935. Shell Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Shell Oil Company. 1937. Thibodeau ... Texas Oil Company. 1933. Texaco Road Map - New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1934. ...
An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: Part II. The lay peelers and their croton oil formulas. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000 ... An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: part IV. Face peel results with different concentrations of phenol and croton oil ... A phenol-croton oil is a type of chemical peel. The term "phenol-croton oil peel" has replaced the vague term "phenol peel" in ... Today it is more correctly referred to as a croton oil peel, since that has proven to be the active ingredient responsible for ...
"Anthelmintic activity of Croton zehntneri and Lippia sidoides essential oils". Veterinary Parasitology. 148 (3-4): 288-294. doi ... Oil of anise". The Volatile Oils. Translated by Kremers, Edward. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Review Publishing Co. pp. s558-s563. De ... Dumas' finding that the crystallizable components of anise oil and fennel oil were identical was confirmed in 1833 by the team ... In 1832 the French chemist Jean Baptiste Dumas determined that the crystallizable components of anise oil and fennel oil were ...
Diezel, W.E.; Schulz, E.; Skanks, M.; Heise, H. (1993). "Plant oils: Topical application and anti-inflammatory effects (croton ... Linoleic acid is a component of quick-drying oils, which are useful in oil paints and varnishes. These applications exploit the ... In 1844, F. Sacc, working at the laboratory of Justus von Liebig, isolated linoleic acid from linseed oil. In 1886, K. Peters ... It is abundant in safflower, and corn oil, and comprises over half their composition by weight. It is present in medium ...
An Enquiry into the Vessicating Constituent of Croton Oil', becoming the first woman to co-author a paper regarding research in ... "An enquiry into the nature of the vesicating constituent of croton oil". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 59 (353- ...
Croton oil (tiglium oil) is pressed from the seeds of Croton tiglium. Highly toxic, it was formerly used as a drastic purgative ... Pecan oil, valued as a food oil, but requiring fresh pecans for good quality oil. Pine nut oil, sold as a gourmet cooking oil, ... Corn oil, one of the principal oils sold as salad and cooking oil. Cottonseed oil, used as a salad and cooking oil, both ... Cape chestnut oil, also called yangu oil, is a popular oil in Africa for skin care. Carob pod oil (Algaroba oil), from carob, ...
"Antagonism of croton oil inflammation by topical emu oil in CD-1 mice". Lipids. 38 (6): 603-607. doi:10.1007/s11745-003-1104-y ... A 2008 study has claimed that emu oil has a better anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory potential than ostrich oil, and linked ... Emu fat is rendered to produce oil for cosmetics, dietary supplements, and therapeutic products. The oil is obtained from the ... "Comparison of the antioxidant properties of emu oil with other avian oils". Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 48 ...
... croton oil, orpiment, myrobalans, betel (areca nuts); pigments such as Gamboge, indigo, lac, verdigris, azurite, minium, ... In more detail, they are "spices and fragrances such as Aloeswood (agalloch, Garro/Gharo), musk, cloves, sandalwood oil, ...
... (PDBu) is a phorbol ester which is one of the constituents of croton oil. As an activator of protein ...
It is called crotonic acid because it was erroneously thought to be a saponification product of croton oil. It crystallizes as ... Pomeranz, C. (1906). "Ueber Allylcyanid und Allylsenföl" [On allyl cyanide and allylic mustard oil]. Justus Liebigs Annalen der ...
Crotonic acid has 4 carbons, is included in croton oil, and is a trans-2-mono-unsaturated fatty acid. C3H5 CO2H, IUPAC ... is found in cod liver oil, sardine oil, and herring oil, and is a cis9-monounsaturated fatty acid. C15H29CO2H, IUPAC ... Oil, peanut, salad or cooking: search for peanut oil on "USDA Food Composition Databases". Archived from the original on 2015- ... CAS Registry Number 506-17-2. Gadoleic acid has 20 carbons, is found in cod liver oil and other marine animal oils, and is a ...
He used exfoliative agents, like phenol, croton oil, nitric acid in various cautious combination for treating freckles and skin ...
Lister started with mustard as an irritant, then Croton oil, acetic acid, oil of Cantharidin and chloroform and many others. ... The watery solution could be used in a lotion of any strength and be used for disinfection of wounds while the solution in oil ... 20 parts of water and to any extent soluble in oil. ... carbonate of lime mixed with phenol and in boiled linseed oil ...
This allowed workers to move out of the over-crowded Croton area while retaining easy access to their jobs at the Standard Oil ... On January 10, 1870, John D. Rockefeller and his partners established the Standard Oil company. By March 1872, Standard Oil had ... More and more Czech Americans and Czech immigrants settled in the Croton area due to Standard Oil's need for workers. The ... 37th and Croton). The Croton Czech settlement remained the center of Czech life in Cleveland until the late 1870s. ...
Another tactic employed against Khudai Khadmatgar activists included lacing their morning tea with croton oil, a powerful ...
A second type was made with a paste prepared from honey locust pods, mixed with croton oil, and thinned with water. Presumably ... Sometimes, oil or turpentine may be added to a color, to achieve special effects. The colors are then spattered or dropped onto ... In Iran, many now employ a variant term, abr-o-bâd (ابرو باد), meaning 'cloud and wind' for a modern method made with oil ... Ginger, possibly in the form of an oil or extract, was used to disperse the colors, or "scatter" them, according to the ...
... a small amount of Croton oil was added to the neutral grain spirits which powered U.S. torpedoes. Drinking alcohol with the oil ... To avoid the Croton oil, sailors devised crude stills to slowly separate the alcohol from the poison, as alcohol evaporated at ... a lower temperature than Croton oil. The stills were sometimes called 'Gilly' stills, and the resulting potable alcohol was ...
This contrasts with Sadgrove et al 2019 who find almost entirely bicyclogermacrene in the essential oil. Sap from leaves is ... Croton sylvaticus is a tree in the family Euphorbiaceae. It is commonly known as the forest fever-berry. These trees are ... Mwangi, Julius Wanjohi; Thoithi, Grace Njeri; Kibwage, Isaac Ongubo (2010-01-11). "Essential Oil Bearing Plants from Kenya: ... Croton (plant), Flora of KwaZulu-Natal, Flora of Africa, Afrotropical realm flora). ...
In Croton, New York, an oil lamp exploded and started a fire that killed Mrs. Jacob Antonosoa and five of her children. In ... "Mother and Five Children Burned - Lamp Causes Terrible Accident at Croton, N. Y." Los Angeles Herald. Vol. XXXI, no. 142. 18 ...
... and as an ethyl ester in croton oil. Isobutyric acid is manufactured by the oxidation of isobutyraldehyde, which is a byproduct ...
... while Croton trees grow wild and yield about 35 percent oil. Croton trees are planted as a windbreak in Kenya, and their use as ... Croton Research Network Archived 2019-09-11 at the Wayback Machine A Modern Herbal--Croton (Articles with short description, ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Croton. Wikispecies has information related to Croton. "World Checklist of Selected ... Croton is a diverse and complex taxonomic group of plants ranging from herbs and shrubs to trees. A well-known member of this ...
Root decoctions and the oil from seeds are used as a purgative or as an abortifacient. Botanic Gardens Conservation ... Croton macrostachyus is a species of flowering plant native to the mountains of Sub-Saharan Africa. Croton macrostachyus is a ... Croton macrostachyus has a wide range of uses, including timber, agroforestry, medicine, and as an ornamental plant. The plant ... Croton macrostachyus ranges across the mountains of Sub-Saharan Africa, including the Guinea Highlands of Guinea, Liberia, and ...
Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. Croton oil is used in Phenol-croton oil chemical peels for its caustic ... Croton oil (Crotonis oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the order Euphorbiales and ... Because croton tiglium oil is cocarcinogenic, it has been used in tumor research. Croton oil is the source of the chemical ... the United States Navy added a small amount of croton oil to the neutral grain spirits which powered torpedoes. The oil was ...
Croton megalocarpus is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a fast rate. See above for USDA hardiness. It ... Croton tiglium. Croton Oil Plant. Croton, Purging croton.. Tree. 7.0. 10-12 M. LMH. N. DM. 0. 3. 2. ... Seed oil is tested as bio-fuel[ 299 ]. Seeds have an oil content of about 30% and a protein content of about 50%[ 299 ]. Oil ... The oil may be refined in a continuous transesterification reactor to produce bio-fuel of diesel oil quality, with glycerol as ...
leaves on croton oil-induced hemorrhoid mice: A Javanese traditional anti-hemorrhoid herb. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 284, ... leaves on croton oil-induced hemorrhoid mice: A Javanese traditional anti-hemorrhoid herb, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. ... leaves on croton oil-induced hemorrhoid mice: A Javanese traditional anti-hemorrhoid herb. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2022 ... leaves on croton oil-induced hemorrhoid mice : A Javanese traditional anti-hemorrhoid herb. In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology. ...
Botanical Name : Croton tiglium Croton is gelatinous and translucent liquor that is regularly yellow to light brown in color. ... Product Description: Croton plant is commonly referred to as croton, or rushfoil. Its name actually means ... This oil is yellow to light brown in color. ... Devinez Croton (Croton tiglium) Cold-Pressed Oil, 100% Pure, ... Devinez Croton (Croton tiglium) Cold-Pressed Oil, 100% Pure, Natural & Undiluted - 10ml is backordered and will ship as soon as ...
Somers artist Dorothy Lorenze will display some of her oil paintings through September at a cafe in Croton Falls. ... Somers Artist Displays Oil Paintings In Croton Falls. SOMERS, N.Y. -- Somers artist Dorothy Lorenze will display some of her ... oil paintings through September at a cafe in Croton Falls.. Who s Cooking, in Croton Falls, is hosting a display of oil ... "Nostalgia Captured in Oil" is the title of the exhibition of original oil paintings by Lorenze, which are on display in the ...
5 ml Organic essential oil of Ambolafotsy obtained from the distillation of twigs.Croton catatii Composition: Chemotype: Beta- ... Organic Ambolafotsy essential oil, 5 ml. Organic essential oil of Ambolafotsy obtained from the distillation of twigs.. Croton ... Category: Essential Oil, Essential Oils, France, Laboratoire Altho, Laboratoire Altho Essential Oils, Laboratoirealtho, organic ...
Data Sheets - equipment for vegetable oils, fil... Data sheets - fuel demands /SVO/PPO/WVO) Data sheets - fuel demands /SVO/PPO ... Data Sheets - equipment for vegetable oils, filters, pumps ... * Data sheets - fuel demands /SVO/PPO/WVO) ... Conversion kits for cars and vans to operate on vegetable oil (SVO/WVO) ...
... and Oil Tank Locating Services in Croton Falls, NY. ... an oil tank sweep to locate an underground oil tank in Croton ... GPR, Oil Tank Locating, Tank Sweeps, Utility Mark outs and Ground Penetrating Radar in Croton Falls, NY. Do you need ... Oil Tank Locating/Tank Sweeps. There are times when a site owner may suspect they have an underground oil storage tank on the ... Oil Tank Removal, Abandonments & Installations. We specialize in residential Oil Tank Removals, Abandonments and Installations ...
Anti-Inflammatory and Physicochemical Characterization of the Croton Rhamnifolioides Essential Oil Inclusion Complex in ß- ... Croton rhamnifolioides is used in popular medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. The objective of this study was ... Complexation of ß-cyclodextrin/Essential oil (ß-CD/EO) may present an important tool in the study of new compounds for the ... to characterize and evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of C. rhamnifolioides essential oil complexed in ß-cyclodextrin ( ...
The present work is aimed to identify the volatile constituents of essential oil from the stems of C. linearis (CLS-EO) and ... Croton linearis Jacq. is an aromatic shrub that has been utilized in traditional medicine in the Bahamas, Jamaica, and Cuba. ... while oils extracted from Croton pallidulus Baill., Croton ericoides Baill., and Croton isabelli Baill. showed significant ... Croton rhamnifolioides Pax & Hoffm (,0.1%) [37], Croton pullei Lanj. (0.06%) [38], Croton pulegioides Müll.Arg. (0.75%), Croton ...
Extract Cream Combined with Vitamin C as Antioxidant on Croton Oil-induced Inflamation in Male Mice Strain BALB/C ...
"The gastroprotective effect of the essential oil of Croton cajucara is different in normal rats than in malnourished rats." Br ... "Croton lechleri Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) stem bark essential oil as possible mutagen-protective food ingredient against ... characterization and clinical efficacy of a cosmetic product containing Punica granatum seed oil and Croton lechleri resin ... "Dragons blood sap (Croton lechleri) as storage medium for avulsed teeth: in vitro study of cell viability." Braz. Dent. J. ...
Boyom, F.F.; Keumedjio, F.; Dongmo, P.M.J.; Ngadjui, B.T.; Zollo, A.; Menut, C.; Bessiere, J.M., Essential oils from Croton ... Composition and chemical variations of the essential oils of leaves of Etlingera cevuga (seeman) R.E. Smith, J. Essen. Oil Res. ... Chemical Composition of Bark Essential Oil of Guarea cedrata (A. Chev.) Pellegr. from Central African Republic, J. Essent. Oil ... von Poser, G.L.; Menut, C.; Toffoli, M.E.; Vérin, P.; Sobral, M.; Bessière, J.-M.; Lamaty, G.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oil ...
Croton oil-induced ear oedema The procedure was conducted according to Schiantarelli et al. Ear edema was provoked by topical ... Croton oil-induced ear oedema Antiinflammatory activities of Cordia martinicensis extracts are shown in table 3. They were ... Each mouse received 10 µL of Croton oil dissolved in 2.5 mL of acetone (75 µg/per ear). 10 µL of the irritant were applied to ... The croton oil-induced ear oedema test triggers many enzymatic cascades and stimulates vascular permeability, vasodilation and ...
Isolated from croton oil (Indian trees) They are more metabolically stable and have prolonged effects. ...
Croton-on-Hudson, NY. oil on board. A Transforming Moment. Marion T. Jones. Ridgewood, NJ. acrylic ...
Albohn, H. Comparative epicutaneous tests with contact allergens and croton oil in 5 different body rions. Z. Haut Gechlechtskr ...
Ear swelling caused by croton oil was also inhibited when sulfated polysaccharides from F. vesiculosus and L. variegata were ...
Formulation of Neem Leaf and Croton Seed Essential Oils as a Natural Insecticide Tested on Mosquitoes and Cockroaches. Endris ... NaOH-Catalyzed Methanolysis Optimization of Biodiesel Synthesis from Desert Date Seed Kernel Oil. Mekonnen KD, Sendekie ZB. ...
It was shown to prevent the increase in ear thickness of mice caused by croton oil-induced inflammation (Iskander et al., 2002 ...
Katrina Croton. Linda Waterman. Jess Hay. Katrina Rankin. Linda Youngman. Jessica Carey. Katrina Sharp. Lisa & Chris Long. ... Need ideas on how to use your oils? From product spotlights to recipes and DIYs, our blogs provide many unique and innovative ... An essential oil company changing the world one drop at a time. ... Intro to Essential Oils. * What is An Essential Oil? * Global ... An essential oil company changing the world one drop at a time. ... What is an Essential Oil? * How do I use Essential Oils Safely? ...
Croton oil peeling and Erbium YAG laser are their methods for skin surface renewing. The procedures are performed in their ...
Übersetzungen für castor oil plant im Online-Wörterbuch (Deutschwörterbuch). ... castor-oil plant [Ricinus communis, syn.: R. africanus, Cataputia major, C. minor, Croton spinosus]. Römische Bohne {f}. [ ... castor oil plant [Ricinus communis]. Rizinus {m}. bot.. T. Hundsbaum {m}. bot.. T. Kreuzbaum {m}. bot.. T. Wunderbaum {m}. bot. ... Ricinus communis , castor bean plant , castor-oil plant , palma christ , palma christi © Princeton University ...
Induction of the deficient acid DNAase activity in mouse interfollicular epidermis by croton oil as a possible tumor promoting ...
Chemical composition and evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Croton urucurana ... Tellez, M.R.; Estell, R.E.; Frederickson, E.L.; Havstad, K.M., Essntial oil of Flourensia cernua DC, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1997 ... Demarne, F.-E.; van der Walt, J.J.A., Composition of the Essential Oil of Pelargonium citronellum (Geraniaceae), J. Essent. Oil ... Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P ...
26] Phenol (which is usually mixed with water, soap, and croton oil for this application) can produce a partial-thickness burn ... When the fire is extinguished, metal is covered by oil (eg, mineral oil, cooking oil) to isolate metal from water. Transport ... NISA baby oil, sunflower oil, and butter also have been used to remove adherent tar from skin, taking from 30-90 minutes for ... White phosphorus is a yellow, waxy, translucent solid element that burns in air unless preserved in oil. When it ignites ...
Croton-oil Seed. Is a valuable remedy in diarrhœa, summer complaint, and skin affections. These may alternate with each other. ...
... induced by endotoxin and croton oil, we examined the changes in the serum proteins of chickens and found transferrin to be a ...
  • Croton oil (Crotonis oleum) is an oil prepared from the seeds of Croton tiglium, a tree belonging to the order Euphorbiales and family Euphorbiaceae, and native or cultivated in India and the Malay Archipelago. (
  • Because croton tiglium oil is cocarcinogenic, it has been used in tumor research. (
  • Devinez Croton (Croton tiglium) Cold-Pressed Oil, 100% Pure, Natural & Undiluted - 10ml is backordered and will ship as soon as it is back in stock. (
  • Essential oils from Croton zambesicus Muell. (
  • A pure natural resin extracted from the sangre de grado tree (Croton lechleri) which is also called "dragon's blood. (
  • Croton lechleri sap and isolated alkaloid taspine exhibit inhibition against human melanoma SK23 and colon cancer HT29 cell lines. (
  • Antitumor effect of Croton lechleri Mull. (
  • Evaluation of the mutagenic, antimutagenic and antiproliferative potential of Croton lechleri (Muell. (
  • Croton megalocarpus - Hutch. (
  • Indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa, Croton megalocarpus is a fast growing deciduous tree that reaches up to 36 m high upon maturity. (
  • Croton megalocarpus is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a fast rate. (
  • Croton megalocarpus trees develop a deep taproot. (
  • In Kenya,Croton megalocarpus. (
  • Tincture of the oil from the seeds. (
  • Abstract, Croton oil was extracted from dry seeds by a mechanical pressing machine then filtered to remove solid impurities. (
  • Externally, the oil can cause irritation and swelling. (
  • Irritation of the conjunctiva indicates Croton tig. (
  • Devinez India Founded in 2014 to support worldwide distribution of the finest Essential Oils, Carrier Oils, Herbal Extracts, Floral Hydrosols and Home decor products. (
  • Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of two varieties of Aspilia africana (Pers. (
  • Essential oils of six Gomidesia spp. (
  • Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of Microglossa pyrifolia (Lam. (
  • 23. Chemical composition of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus goniocalyx F. Muell. (
  • Provide pure, high quality essential oils and products. (
  • From product spotlights to recipes and DIYs, our blogs provide many unique and innovative ways to use your essential oils safely and effectively. (
  • Learn what essential oils are and how to use them. (
  • Borneol is obtained from essential oils of many different plant species that are indigenous to Southeast Asia as well as Borneo - the organic compound got its name owing to its association with Borneo in Indonesia. (
  • Using avian models of experimental inflammation, induced by endotoxin and croton oil, we examined the changes in the serum proteins of chickens and found transferrin to be a major APP that was identical to ovotransferrin (OVT), an egg white protein. (
  • Vesicular inflammation of the skin indicates Croton tig. (
  • Chemical Composition and In Vitro and In Silico Antileishmanial Evaluation of the Essential Oil from Croton linearis Jacq. (
  • Study of the In Vitro Digestion of Olive Oil Enriched or Not with Antioxidant Phenolic Compounds. (
  • Chemical Composition of Bark Essential Oil of Guarea cedrata (A. Chev. (
  • Essential oil composition and allelopathic effect of the Brazilian Lamiaceae Hesperozygis ringens (Benth. (
  • Chemical composition of the essential oil of Neomitranthes cordifolia (D. Legr. (
  • Faye is poisoned with a combination of first strychnine (unsuccessfully) and then two drops of croton oil, on a salad of home-canned beans, mimicking accidental botulism poisoning. (
  • Results: The in vivo assay showed that the oral-topical combination use of the ethanolic extract of G. pictum leaves demonstrated significant improvement on the croton oil-induced anorectal damage better than the single application by oral or topical application. (
  • Also anticarcinogenic potential of Henna leaf extract was studied adopting the protocol of benzo(a)pyrene induced forestomach and 7,12 dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-initiated and croton oil-promoted skin papillomagenesis. (
  • Do not ingest carrier oils. (
  • If you have sensitive skin, epilepsy, heart or kidney problems, or any serious medical condition, Do not use carrier oils unless advised by a physician or medical professional that it is safe. (
  • Since croton oil is very irritating and painful, it is used in laboratory animals to study how pain works, pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory drugs, and immunology. (
  • Croton oil is used in Phenol-croton oil chemical peels for its caustic exfoliating effects it has on the skin. (
  • Glycolic acid peels contain alphahydroxy acids (AHAs) that smoothly exfoliate your skin to unclog the oil-filled sebaceous glands. (
  • Patients who are looking for a more insistent sebum-reducing cure, however, should reflect on a TCA skin peel, that alters skin's acidity level to stop the progress of bacteria and other oil overgrowths. (
  • Sailors devised crude stills to separate the alcohol from the croton oil, as alcohol evaporates at a lower temperature than croton oil. (
  • Acrolein is highly soluble in water and miscible with many organic solvents (e.g., lower alcohols, ketones, benzene, diethyl ether, crude oil, and petroleum fuels). (
  • Chemical compositions of the essential oil and calculation the biophysicochemical coefficients of the components of Hymenocrater longiflorus Benth. (
  • That suffices, / When it rises, / Snip it, sir, and then your throat on / Rub a little oil of Croton: / Never mind a little pain! (
  • Scraping in the throat, which provokes hawking is relieved with Croton tig. (
  • Pure phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate which is found in croton oil is now used widely in laboratory research to induce tumor development. (
  • In the 1966 movie El Dorado starring John Wayne, cayenne pepper, hot mustard, ipecac, asafoetida, croton oil, and gunpowder are the ingredients in an emetic administered to the drunken sheriff J. P. Harrah (Robert Mitchum) to sober him up and prevent him from drinking for the foreseeable future. (
  • SOMERS, N.Y. -- Somers artist Dorothy Lorenze will display some of her oil paintings through September at a cafe in Croton Falls. (
  • Who s Cooking, in Croton Falls, is hosting a display of oil paintings by Dorothy Lorenze. (
  • Nostalgia Captured in Oil" is the title of the exhibition of original oil paintings by Lorenze, which are on display in the dining area of Who's Cooking, 14 Front St., Croton Falls. (
  • Do you need an oil tank sweep to locate an underground oil tank in Croton Falls, NY ? (
  • Croton oil is the source of the chemical compound phorbol. (
  • Croton plant is commonly referred to as croton, or rushfoil. (
  • Oils derived from plants or plant products. (
  • Croton nuts have relatively high nitrogen content compared to typical composts and manures. (
  • The objective of this study was to characterize and evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of C. rhamnifolioides essential oil complexed in ß- cyclodextrin (COEFC). (
  • Croton rhamnifolioides is used in popular medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases . (
  • In the movie They Rode West, released in 1954 and starring Robert Francis, an Army post's previous physician was widely disliked because he frequently prescribed croton oil for the troops. (
  • Nausea, and inclination to vomit, frequently, with continuous loathing and uneasiness indicates Croton tig. (
  • Tumor promotion activity was traced to phorbol esters present in croton oil. (
  • Complexation of ß- cyclodextrin / Essential oil (ß-CD/EO) may present an important tool in the study of new compounds for the development of anti-inflammatory drugs . (
  • As a biocide, acrolein is intentionally released into the environment as an herbicide and algicide to control the growth of aquatic plants in irrigation waters, drainage ditches, and processing waters, and as a microbiocide in the control of sulfide producing bacteria and the removal of hydrogen sulfide and iron sulfide from oil production and injection wells. (
  • Damage to your personal property, neighboring properties, nearby streams and lakes, and precious groundwater used for drinking purposes have all been attributed to leaking oil tanks throughout the years. (
  • Excruciating pain running from nipple to back, mastitis indicates Croton tig. (
  • Animal feeds: Croton seed cake is used in animal feeds. (
  • Her subjects include traditional fruits, vegetables and china glassware, as well as vintage objects from teapots to oil cans. (
  • In the mid-1800s, a number of Chinese immigrants working on the Transcontinental Railroad applied water-snake oil to their aching joints at day's end, a traditional Chinese remedy. (
  • HRFA investigates the Anaconda Wire and Copper Company in Hastings-on-Hudson which has dumped oil and solvents into the river for years. (
  • The oil was intended to prevent sailors from drinking the alcohol fuel. (
  • There are times when a site owner may suspect they have an underground oil storage tank on the property but are unsure. (
  • An essential oil company changing the world one drop at a time. (
  • If you should you purchase one of these properties and later discover an out of service underground oil tank, you may be in for an unexpected headache. (