International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
Prepaid health and hospital insurance plan.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.
The simultaneous or sequential binding of multiple cell surface receptors to different ligands resulting in coordinated stimulation or suppression of signal transduction.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Protection conferred on a host by inoculation with one strain or component of a microorganism that prevents infection when later challenged with a similar strain. Most commonly the microorganism is a virus.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The circulation in a portion of the body of one individual of blood supplied from another individual.
The adaptive superiority of the heterozygous GENOTYPE with respect to one or more characters in comparison with the corresponding HOMOZYGOTE.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The transport of materials through a cell. It includes the uptake of materials by the cell (ENDOCYTOSIS), the movement of those materials through the cell, and the subsequent secretion of those materials (EXOCYTOSIS).
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Diseases of plants.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Health insurance providing benefits to cover or partly cover hospital expenses.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The status of health in rural populations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Nerve fibers that are capable of rapidly conducting impulses away from the neuron cell body.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
The different ways GENES and their ALLELES interact during the transmission of genetic traits that effect the outcome of GENE EXPRESSION.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The X-shaped structure formed by the meeting of the two optic nerves. At the optic chiasm the fibers from the medial part of each retina cross to project to the other side of the brain while the lateral retinal fibers continue on the same side. As a result each half of the brain receives information about the contralateral visual field from both eyes.
Discrete concentrations of energy, apparently massless elementary particles, that move at the speed of light. They are the unit or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Photons are emitted when electrons move from one energy state to another. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Biological actions and events that support the functions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The status of health in urban populations.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Hospitals controlled by the county government.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is considered a lawn grass by some and a weed by others. It contains allergen Cyn d 7.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of MAMMALS.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A hard, brittle, grayish-white rare earth metal with an atomic symbol Ru, atomic number 44, and atomic weight 101.07. It is used as a catalyst and hardener for PLATINUM and PALLADIUM.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.
This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A technique for analysis of the chemical composition of molecules. A substance is bombarded with monochromatic ELECTRONS. Some of the electrons passing through the specimen will lose energy when they ionize inner shell electrons of the atoms in the specimen. The energy loss is element dependent. Analysis of the energy loss spectrum reveals the elemental composition of a specimen. ENERGY-FILTERED TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY is a type of electron energy loss spectroscopy carried out in electron microscopes specially outfitted to analyze the spectrum of electron energy loss.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Hypocreaceae, order Hypocreales including several pathogens of grains and cereals. It is also the source of plant growth regulators such as gibberellin and gibberellic acid.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.
Class I-restricted activation of CD8-POSITIVE LYMPHOCYTES resulting from ANTIGEN PRESENTATION of exogenous ANTIGENS (cross-presentation). This is in contrast to normal activation of these lymphocytes (direct-priming) which results from presentation of endogenous antigens.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A class of drugs producing both physiological and psychological effects through a variety of mechanisms. They can be divided into "specific" agents, e.g., affecting an identifiable molecular mechanism unique to target cells bearing receptors for that agent, and "nonspecific" agents, those producing effects on different target cells and acting by diverse molecular mechanisms. Those with nonspecific mechanisms are generally further classed according to whether they produce behavioral depression or stimulation. Those with specific mechanisms are classed by locus of action or specific therapeutic use. (From Gilman AG, et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p252)
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE. The leafy stems of khat are chewed by some individuals for stimulating effect. Members contain ((+)-norpseudoephedrine), cathionine, cathedulin, cathinine & cathidine.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
5-carbon straight-chain or branched-chain ketones.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
Compounds consisting of benzene rings linked to each other in either ortho, meta or para positions. Permitted are any substitutions, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.

Low-weight neonatal survival paradox in the Czech Republic. (1/1698)

Analysis of vital statistics for the Czech Republic between 1986 and 1993, including 3,254 infant deaths from 350,978 first births to married and single women who conceived at ages 18-29 years, revealed a neonatal survival advantage for low-weight infants born to disadvantaged (single, less educated) women, particularly for deaths from congenital anomalies. This advantage largely disappeared after the neonatal period. The same patterns have been observed for low-weight infants born to black women in the United States. Since the Czech Republic had an ethnically homogenous population, virtually universal prenatal care, and uniform institutional conditions for delivery, Czech results must be attributed to social rather than to biologic or medical circumstances. This strengthens the contention that in the United States, the black neonatal survival paradox may be due as much to race-related social stigmatization and consequent disadvantage as to any hypothesized hereditary influences on birth-weight-specific survival.  (+info)

Cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican American adults: a transcultural analysis of NHANES III, 1988-1994. (2/1698)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent to which cardiovascular disease risk factors differ among subgroups of Mexican Americans living in the United States. METHODS: Using data from a national sample (1988-1994) of 1387 Mexican American women and 1404 Mexican American men, aged 25 to 64 years, we examined an estimate of coronary heart disease mortality risk and 5 primary cardiovascular disease risk factors: systolic blood pressure, body mass index, cigarette smoking, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Differences in risk were evaluated by country of birth and primary language spoken. RESULTS: Estimated 10-year coronary heart disease mortality risk per 1000 persons, adjusted for age and education, was highest for US-born Spanish-speaking men and women (27.5 and 11.4, respectively), intermediate for US-born English-speaking men and women (22.5 and 7.0), and lowest for Mexican-born men and women (20.0 and 6.6). A similar pattern of higher risk among US-born Spanish-speaking men and women was demonstrated for each of the 5 cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: These findings illustrate the heterogeneity of the Mexican American population and identify a new group at substantial risk for cardiovascular disease and in need of effective heart disease prevention programs.  (+info)

Generational continuity and change in British Asian health and health behaviour. (3/1698)

OBJECTIVES: To trace patterns of health and health behaviour in those with ancestry in the Indian subcontinent (British Asians) compared with the general population of their age (1) in the younger generation age 14-15 mainly born in the UK and (2) in the older mainly migrant generation. DESIGN: Cross sectional random sample surveys of two age groups in Glasgow. SAMPLES: 334 British Asians (86% born in the UK) and 490 non-Asians, all aged 14-15; 173 British Asians aged 30-40 (mean age 35, 93% born abroad), and 344 general population aged 35. MEASURES: Health: self assessed health/fitness, longstanding/limiting illness, chronic phlegm, accidents, symptoms, tooth loss. Health behaviour: smoking, alcohol, drugs, exercise. RESULTS: At age 14-15, compared with non-Asian counterparts: fewer British Asian girls reported limiting illness (p < 0.05) or chronic phlegm (p < 0.01), fewer boys reported accidents (p < 0.01), and fewer of both sexes had lost second teeth (p < 0.05); more of both sexes reported not smoking, drinking alcohol, or using drugs (p < 0.01 or below), fewer reported frequent exercise (p < 0.05 or below). Smoking patterns were consistently related to ethnic differences in chronic phlegm, and patterns of alcohol consumption to those in accidents. In health, British Asian girls aged 14-15 generally compared more favourably with non-Asian counterparts than did those aged 30-40. The reverse was true for British Asian male subjects. In health behaviour, British Asians of both sexes aged 14-15 showed strong continuities with those aged 30-40. CONCLUSIONS: Favourable health behaviour has brought a health advantage to young British born Asians, even though this was not the case in the migrant generation. Female health disadvantage is also much less marked than in migrants aged 30-40, but may re-emerge between ages 15-30. Migrant Asian male subjects may have had misleadingly high respiratory health levels because of positive selection.  (+info)

Patients' priorities with respect to general practice care: an international comparison. European Task Force on Patient Evaluations of General Practice (EUROPEP). (4/1698)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Improving the sensitivity of general practice to patients' needs demands a good understanding of patients' expectations and priorities in care provision. Insight into differences in expectations of patients in different cultures and health care systems may support decision-making on desirable models for care provision in general practice. An international study was conducted to determine priorities of patients in general practice care: which views do patients in different countries have in common and which views differ? METHODS: Written surveys in general practices in the UK, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, Germany, Portugal and Israel were performed. Samples of patients from at least 12 practices per country, stratified according to area and type of practice, were included. Patients rated the importance of 38 different aspects of general practice care, selected on the basis of literature analysis, qualitative studies and consensus discussions. Rankings between countries were compared. RESULTS: A total number of 3540 patients (response rate on average 55%) completed the questionnaire. Patients in different countries had many opinions in common. Aspects that got the highest ranking were: getting enough time during the consultation; quick services in case of emergencies; confidentiality of information on patients; telling patients all they want to know about their illness; making patients feel free to talk about their problems; GPs going to courses regularly; and offering preventive services. However, differences between opinions of patients in different countries were also found for some of the selected aspects. A confounding effect of patients' characteristics may have played a role in these differences. DISCUSSION: The study provides information on what patients expect of and value in general practice care. It shows that patients in different cultures and health care systems may have different views on some aspects of care, but most of all that they have many views in common, particularly as far as doctor-patient communication and accessibility of services are concerned.  (+info)

Low incidence of transplant coronary artery disease in Chinese heart recipients. (5/1698)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the incidence of transplant coronary artery disease (CAD) in Chinese heart recipients. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of transplant CAD detected by angiography at 1, 2 and 4 years after heart transplantation was 11%, 22% and 45%, respectively. The incidence of transplant CAD in Chinese heart recipients has not been reported. METHODS: For those recipients surviving for more than 1 year after transplantation, coronary angiography was performed annually for surveillance of transplant CAD. The recipient characteristics, donor characteristics, rejection episodes, medication and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches were recorded. RESULTS: Fifty patients were included in this study. Thirteen (26%) recipients had ischemic heart disease. Two patients (4%) had active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after transplantation. The mean number of rejection episodes in the 1st year after transplantation was 1.15. Among 47 patients with complete data of donor and recipient histocompatibility antigens, there were seven patients (14.9%) with two or fewer HLA mismatches. Among 74 angiograms of 50 patients reviewed, only one patient had discrete stenosis less than 50% in the middle portion of the left anterior descending artery at 1 year after transplantation. The cumulative incidence of transplant CAD was 2% at 1 year and 2% at 2 and 4 years after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of transplant CAD was low in Chinese heart transplant recipients. Low percentage of ischemic heart disease in recipients, low occurrence of active CMV infection and rejection episodes after transplantation, less racial disparity, and lower HLA mismatches may be the important factors.  (+info)

Quality and cost of healthcare: a cross-national comparison of American and Dutch attitudes. (6/1698)

OBJECTIVE: To compare attitudes of consumers in America and Holland toward the quality and cost of healthcare. STUDY DESIGN: Data were derived from one American (n = 466) and two Dutch (n = 260, n = 1629) surveys. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by respondents. Pairwise comparisons requiring respondents to compare statements with one another were used to assess preferences for quality of care. Respondents were asked to "indicate the extent to which each of the factors listed plays a role in placing demands on the American (Dutch) healthcare system." Factors included the public's tendency to consume, high technology, defensive medicine, decrease in informal care, increase in standard diagnostic procedures, and medicalization. RESULTS: Americans reported comparatively greater concern with empathy, whereas the Dutch were more interested in the continuity of care. Effectiveness, knowledge, information, and patient-physician relationships were ranked higher in both nations than waiting time, autonomy, and efficiency. Respondents in both countries attributed the increase in healthcare cost primarily to the high cost of technology. Compared with their Dutch peers, Americans were less likely to attribute increases in the cost of healthcare to the public tendency to consume and to the decrease in informal care and were more likely to implicate defensive medicine and an increase in diagnostic procedures. CONCLUSIONS: As both nations experience pressures to reduce costs while maintaining and augmenting the quality of healthcare, planners and government officials should tailor their approaches to each nation's problems within the context of their public perspectives. Replication of such studies should help assess the impact of changing societal values on healthcare delivery.  (+info)

Respiratory responses to CO2-rebreathing in Nigerian men. (7/1698)

In 36 young Nigerian men, ventilatory capacity and the changes in ventilation, tidal volume and tidal P CO2 during oxic CO2-rebreathing have been measured. CO2 response lines and breathing rhythms have been determined and analysed in relation to the anthropometric and lung function data. Previous findings that Nigerian men have a substantially lower ventilatory capacity than Europeans at a standard height and age are confirmed. Breathing rhythms in Nigerians appear to be the same as in other ethnic groups studied. CO2-sensitivity varies with FVC, as found previously in Europeans and New Guineans. However, at a standard FVC of 41, Nigerian men have the same CO2-sensitivity as Europeans, and not a lower value like New Guineans.  (+info)

Chinese and U.S. internists adhere to different ethical standards. (8/1698)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether internists in the United States and China have different ideas and behaviors regarding informing patients of terminal diagnoses and HIV/AIDS, the role of the family in end-of-life decision making, and assisted suicide. DESIGN: Structured questionnaire of clinical vignettes followed by multiple choice questions. SETTING: University and community hospitals in San Francisco and Beijing, China. SUBJECTS: Forty practicing internists were interviewed, 20 in China and 20 in the United States. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the internists surveyed, 95% of the U.S. internists and none of the Chinese internists would inform a patient with cancer of her diagnosis. However, 100% of U.S. and 90% of Chinese internists would tell a terminally ill patient who had AIDS, rather than advanced cancer, about his diagnosis. When family members' wishes conflicted with a patient's preferences regarding chemotherapy of advanced cancer, Chinese internists were more likely to follow the family's preferences rather than the patient's preferences (65%) than were the U.S. internists (5%). Thirty percent of U.S. internists and 15% of Chinese internists agreed with a terminally ill patient's request for sufficient narcotics to end her life. CONCLUSIONS: We found significant differences in clinical ethical beliefs between internists in the United States and China, most evident in informing patients of a cancer diagnosis. In general, the Chinese physicians appeared to give far greater weight to family preferences in medical decision making than did the U.S. physicians.  (+info)

Dr. Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley was a Yupiaq scholar who served 25 Years as faculty with the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Along with Dr. Ray Barnhardt, he helped to create the Center Cross-Cultural Studies at UAF. In so doing he introduced the construct of Native Ways of Knowing and contributed greatly to the academic field of Indigenous knowledge and broader cross-cultural sharing.. The Indigenous Studies Program located within the Center for Cross-Cultural Studies and College of Liberal Arts at UAF offers a collaborative interdiscriplinary PhD program that is a direct result of Dr. Kawagleys lifetime of work.. It is our honor each year to present the Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley award to a person or group that exempliefies the values Angayuqaq worked so hard to celebrate. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cross-cultural comparison of fundamental motor skills in children from Belgium and the United States. AU - Brian, Ali. AU - Bardid, Farid. AU - Barnett, Lisa M.. AU - Deconinck, Frederik J.A.. AU - Lenoir, Matthieu. AU - Goodway, Jacqueline D.. PY - 2016/6/30. Y1 - 2016/6/30. N2 - Fundamental motor skills (FMS) play a crucial role in the physical activity (PA) levels of children. Yet, many children across the globe demonstrate below average skill levels. Cross-cultural research on FMS is limited due to the adoption of different motor assessments. The aim of this study was to investigate the actual FMS as well as the association between FMS and skill perceptions of children from Belgium and the United States (US). The study sample consisted of 197 (57.4% boys) Belgian and 171 (44.4% boys) US children, aged 3 to 5 years. Childrens FMS were assessed with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd edition and their skill perceptions (PMC) were assessed with the Pictorial Scale of ...
Print advertising at the component level: a cross-cultural comparison of the United States and Japan. A place of emotion in attitude models
Cross-cultural comparison of growth, maturation and adiposity indices of two contrasting adolescent populations in rural Senegal (West Africa) and Martinique (Caribbean) - Volume 7 Issue 4 - Eric Bénéfice, Nathalie Caïus, Denis Garnier
Dr. Sean Asiqłuq Topkok is an Assistant Professor in the School of Education at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. His family comes from the Seward Peninsula in Igloo and Teller, Alaska, and is I upiaq, S mi, Irish, and Norwegian. He began his career in Alaska Native education since 1987, working in Anchorage and Fairbanks. Dr. Topkok is the leader of the Pavva I upiaq Dancers of Fairbanks founded in 1999, a local community dance group inviting Native and non-Native people interested I upiaq dance, cultural heritage, and cultural values. He received his B.A. in Humanities, M.A. in Cross-Cultural Studies, and Ph.D. in Indigenous Studies - all from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. His dissertation was entitled: I upiat Ilitqusiat: Inner Views of Our I upiaq Values. He has authored numerous peer-reviewed academic articles and chapters focusing on Indigenous values, methodologies, and well-being. Dr. Topkok presents worldwide about his academic research and has given a Tedx Talk about I upiaq ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cross-cultural studies in Alzheimers disease.. AU - Osuntokun, B. O.. AU - Hendrie, H. C.. AU - Ogunniyi, A. O.. AU - Hall, K. S.. AU - Lekwauwa, U. G.. AU - Brittain, H. M.. AU - Norton, J. A.. AU - Oyediran, A. B.. AU - Pillay, N.. AU - Rodgers, D. D.. PY - 1992/9/1. Y1 - 1992/9/1. N2 - The search for risk factors for Alzheimers disease would be greatly enhanced by identification of populations with significantly different prevalence rates, particularly if these populations consisted of ethnic groups now living in different environments and cultures. Evidence is presented that two such groups are worthy of further study: subjects of African origin living in Africa and in the West and Native Americans living on and off reserves.. AB - The search for risk factors for Alzheimers disease would be greatly enhanced by identification of populations with significantly different prevalence rates, particularly if these populations consisted of ethnic groups now living in different ...
Krothe, J. S. and Clendon, J. M. (2006), Perceptions of Effectiveness of Nurse-Managed Clinics: A Cross-Cultural Study. Public Health Nursing, 23: 242-249. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2006.230305.x ...
Article discussing a cross-cultural study designed to analyze how young people, operationalized in this study as people of Latino descent between the ages of 18-25, are using their mobile phone for various applications and what particular gratifications they derive from using the phone.
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Crossing Boundaries: A Cross-cultural Study of the Architecture in Shamian, Guangzhou, China page in the Environments and Design Students site.
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Every day for two weeks, participants at four sites (2 in the US, 1 in Canada, and 1 in Japan) described their self-esteem and affect and they described the events that occurred each day. Multilevel random coefficient modeling analyses found that the self_esteem of Japanese participants changed more in reaction to daily social events (both positive and negative) than it did for North American participants. For positive social events, the Japanese were more reactive in terms of positive affect than North Americans. For negative social events, the Japanese were more reactive in terms of depressed mood (ND) and deactive positive affect (PD) than North Americans. In contrast, the Japanese were less reactive to negative achievement events than North Americans in terms of PA and anxious mood. The Japanese were more reactive than North Americans to positive achievement events in terms of PA and ND. The results highlight the greater sensitivity of the Japanese to social concerns compared to North Americans, and
Cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic differences in the prevalence of leisure-time and occupational physical activity, and active commuting in six Asia-Pacific countries ...
This study is an exploratory examination of cultural differences in accounting educators epistemological beliefs of accounting ethics education. It is motivated by a renewed global interest in accounting ethics in recent years following the reported breaches of ethical conducts by individuals from different cultures. In Pratts model, conceptions of teaching should be an interdependent and internally consistent trilogy of beliefs, intentions and actions. The purpose of this empirical study is to sketch an outline of how accounting ethics education is broadly understood by accounting educators from three different cultural backgrounds, the Anglo-influenced Australian, the Chinese and the Moslem-dominated Malaysian. It explores the cross-cultural variations in their epistemological beliefs of what to teach, objectives to achieve, the ethics educator, and the learning process. Results suggest that Australian and Malaysian accounting educators differed significantly in their epistemological beliefs on the
Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. Social and societal factors can provide opportunities, expectations and requirements for voluntary activity, as well as influence the values and norms promoting this. These contexts are especially central in the case of voluntary participation among students as they are often responding to the societal demands for building a career and qualifying for future assignments and/or government requirements for completing community service. This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in NorthAmerica, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence ...
The importance of customer experience in the banking sector is steadily increasing due to product similarity, competition and the global expansion. Additionally, in the twenty-first century, the focus has shifted from a service-based to an experience-based economy where senses, feelings, impressions, perceptions and emotional connections have become central.. The global expansion in the banking sector has created a need for cross-cultural studies of customer experience, because of the increase of success when the service delivery is in tune with the cultural differences of customers. Despite the scarcity of cross-cultural studies, the few existing studies have shown significant results.. The purpose of this study is hence to compare the perceived customer experience in the banking sector in Sweden and the United States. These two countries are culturally different on the masculinity versus femininity dimension explained by Hofstede in the universally acknowledged study on cross-cultural ...
Perception of charisma, the ability to infuence others by virtue of ones personal qualities, appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. We compare results of five studies of charisma speech in which American, Palestinian, and Swedish subjects rated Standard American English political speech and Americans and Palestinians rated Palestinian Arabic speech. We identify acoustic-prosodic and lexical features correlated with charisma ratings of both languages for native and non-native speakers and find that 1) some acoustic-prosodic features correlated with charisma ratings appear similar across all five experiments; 2) other acoustic-prosodic and lexical features correlated with charisma appear specific to the language rated, whatever the native language of the rater; and 3) still other acoustic-prosodic cues appear specific to both rater native language and to language rated. We also find that, while the absolute ratings non-native raters assign tend to be lower than those of ...
OBJECTIVES To determine patterns of symptoms across age groups, identify symptom groups associated with ovarian hormonal depletion or other variables, and develop a prediction model for each symptom. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional survey of 4,517 women ages 20 to 70 years recruited from market research panels in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy using a self-report questionnaire that included general health information and a checklist of 36 symptoms. Stepwise regression was used to determine for each symptom how prevalence varied with age, indicators of menopausal hormonal changes, and the effects of other explanatory variables, including body mass index, morbidity, and country. Hierarchical clustering was used to group symptoms. RESULTS Six groups of symptoms were found, of which two groups, with seven symptoms in total, were related to markers of menopausal hormonal change: a group consisting of hot flashes and night sweats and a second group including poor memory;
Conviction subtype Taijin-Kyofu (c-TK) is a subgroup of mental disorder characterized by conviction and strong fear of offending others in social situations. Although the concept of c-TK overlaps with that of social anxiety disorder (SAD), patients with c-TK often may not be diagnosed as such within the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV criteria. We propose the Nagoya-Osaka criteria to amend this situation. This study examined the cross-cultural interrater reliability of the proposed criteria. Eighteen case vignettes of patients with a variety of complaints focused around social anxieties were collected from 6 different countries, and diagnosed by 13 independent raters from various nationalities according to the original DSM-IV and the expanded criteria. The average agreement ratio for the most frequent diagnostic category in each case was 61.5% with DSM-IV and 87.6% with the modified DSM-IV with Nagoya-Osaka criteria (p , 0.001). These findings indicate that ...
This study makes a unique contribution to the extant body of materialism research. It provides insight of materialism in modern China by applying the MGB and developing cognitive schemas. Two waves of survey were conducted. The first was conducted in both China and US in 1998. Respondents answered a qualitative motive elicitation part in the questionnaire and provided motives for choosing between a materialistic vs. a non-materialist lifestyle. 330 complete questionnaires were obtained in China and 362 in US. The second wave of survey was conducted in China in 2008 with 322 complete questionnaires collected. Respondents responded to an identical qualitative part for eliciting motives for lifestyle choice and a quantitative inventory of closed-ended questions measuring variable in the MGB. The findings showed that subjective norms, anticipated positive emotions and perceived behavioral control are significant predictors of desire and intentions to pursue a materialistic lifestyle for Chinese ...
This chapter summarizes the logic of comparative studies, and the work on Italian immigration to Buenos Aires and New York City from 1870 to 1914, and proposes what may be a coming agenda for immigration studies: a comparative typology of immigrant adjustment. It points out the need for more synthetic treatments that would historicize the experiences of all immigrating peoples. ...
Driving demands significant psychomotor attention and requires even more when drivers are engaged in secondary tasks that increase cognitive workload and divert attention. It is well established that age influences driving risk. Less is known about how culture impacts changes in attention. We conducted parallel driving simulations in the US and Korea to measure the extent to which age and culture influence dual-task performance. There were 135 participants divided into two groups: a younger group aged 20~29, and an older group aged 60~69. Whereas some differences by culture appeared in absolute control measures, the younger participants showed similar mean velocity and compensatory patterns associated with increased cognitive load in the urban setting; however, the results from the older samples were less similar. © 2010 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. ...
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A cross-cultural analysis of mortality patterns is of interest to biological anthropologists and genetic epidemiologists. In this paper, we examine four agricultural populations from Costa Rica, Hungary, and the United States in order to determine if they suffered from a cyclical distribution of epidemics. When possible, we look at the mortality time series of adults and children separately. Of the12 series, only 2 show significant epidemic cycles. Both are in the Hungarian groups and both affect subadults. Otherwise, the Costa Rica, U.S., and adult series of the Hungarian groups do not show any periodicity of mortality peaks. Our results indicate that epidemic cycles are not as ubiquitous in small agricultural groups as the literature would suggest.
This project investigated how potential entrepreneurs evaluate opportunities in the pre-startup phase of a new venture creation process. Based on Busenitz and Laus (1997) cross-cultural cognitive model of new venture ...
© The Author(s) 2019. Introduction: The shoulder is the leading site of musculoskeletal pain. Patient-reported outcomes, such as the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), allow us to assess shoulder pain in a clinical setting. Since the SPADI was developed in English, many cultures have cross-culturally adapted the SPADI for clinical use. The purpose of this review was to assess the translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedures and measurement properties of the adapted SPADI. Methods: A systematic review was performed on cultural adaptations of the SPADI accessible through MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and/or Google Scholar. Included were prospective cohort studies that used an adapted version of the SPADI. All studies were evaluated according to the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptations and the guidelines for measurement properties. Results: The search retrieved 19 studies that met the inclusion criteria. According to the recommended guidelines for cross-cultural adaptations, 16 studies
Visual object identification is modulated by perceptual experience. In a cross-cultural ERP study we investigated whether cultural expertise determines how buildings that vary in their ranking between high and low according to the Western architectural decorum are perceived. Two groups of German and Chinese participants performed an object classification task in which high- and low-ranking Western buildings had to be discriminated from everyday life objects. ERP results indicate that an early stage of visual object identification (i.e., object model selection) is facilitated for high-ranking buildings for the German participants, only. At a later stage of object identification, in which object knowledge is complemented by information from semantic and episodic long-term memory, no ERP evidence for cultural differences was obtained. These results suggest that the identification of architectural ranking is modulated by culturally specific expertise with Western-style architecture already at an ...
This study is one of the first studies to approach workplace bullying cross-culturally. It sought to compare employees understanding of workplace bullying in two different world regions: Central America and Southern Europe, regarding three aspects of workplace bullying: psychological vs. physical harassment, hierarchical vs. horizontal bullying, and direct vs. indirect aggression. A convenience sample of 246 workers provided their own definition of workplace bullying through a single, open-ended question. The results showed that employees from Central America emphasized the physical component of workplace bullying more than the Southern European employees. However, similarities in the conceptualization of workplace bullying across both cultures were found as well. Both Southern European and Central American employees defined workplace bullying mainly as a hierarchical phenomenon, where the aggression took the form of direct strategies. Such differences and similarities bring to the field some ...
During occupational therapy for children with autism, it is often necessary to elicit and maintain engagement for the children to benefit from the session. Recently, social robots have been used for this; however, existing robots lack the ability to autonomously recognize the childrens level of engagement, which is necessary when choosing an optimal interaction strategy. Progress in automated engagement reading has been impeded in part due to a lack of studies on child-robot engagement in autism therapy. While there are large individual differences within the autistic population, little is known about variation across cultures. We analyzed the engagement of children (age 3-13) from two different cultural backgrounds: Asia (Japan, n=17) and Eastern Europe (Serbia, n=19). The children participated in a 25 minute therapy session during which we studied the relationship between the childrens behavioural engagement (task-driven) and different facets of affective engagement (valence and arousal). Although
The Chinese government has announced the 2013 Guidelines for developing a national system for early detection of disability among children under 6 years of age. However, given limited resources, challenges exist with developmental measures required in the 2013 Guidelines. In order to meet the needs for a more accurate and cost-efficient measure for developmental assessment, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires:INVENTORY was translated into Simplified Chinese, and validated on a regional sample of 812 Chinese children ages from 1-25 months. Psychometric properties were examined; data from previous studies on the ASQ:INVENTORY in the U.S. were compared to identify differences between the two countries. Results indicated that the Chinese ASQ:INVENTORY was an instrument with sufficient internal consistency, reliability and validity. It was well accepted by parents and professionals in China. Findings suggested that the Chinese ASQ:INVENTORY provides a promising alternative measure for screening and ...
The most neglected sections of the newer communities; men learned English at work, children at school, but housebound women were apparently not being reached. 4. The classes would teach everyday functional English to enable the women to make use of the amenities available in their neighbourhood, and to give them the means of relating to daily life in this country. (Grant, 1993, in NATECLA News 41:7) It was their (volunteers, mostly middle-class women like Ruth Hayman) concern for these largely rural, non-English speaking and often illiterate in their own mother tongue, immigrants and their determination to do something to help them which completely transformed the entire ethos of ESOL teachingfrom being provided by a bureaucracy indifferent to the immigrants lot. This rise of English and English consciousness among the Anglo-Saxons and their supporters also signalled the subordination of the indigenous Celtic mother tongues. Once English became the court language, and language teachers began to ...
On the afternoon of 18th February 2016, Australia China Economics Trade & Culture Association (ACETCA) donated scholarship to Western Sydeny University. Ms. Deborah Carr, Mr. Serhat Abdurazak, Directors, Office of Advancement & Alumni, Stella Wang and student representatives from Western Sydney University attended the donation ceremony. Dr. Ven Tan, Standing Deputy Chairman of ACETCA hosted the ceremony on behalf of the association. Dr. Ven Tan firstly provided all a brief introduction of the association to the attendees and highlighted the cultural exchange and youth nurturing programs run by ACETCA. He said that it was one of the most important missions for ACETCA to enhance cultural exchange ...
Children and adults speaking English, Hungarian, and Italian were asked to describe sets of pictures which manipulated the pragmatic category of givenness. The working hypothesis was that there exist rule-governed relations between the perception of certain categorical aspects of the communicative situation and the use of certain conventional linguistic devices. A set of predictions regarding the use of eight linguistic devices was derived from Prague School functionalist theory. The results indicated: (1) very early learning of the pragmatic function of the devices, (2) differentiation with age in the absolute level of use of the devices, (3) differences in the relations of the various devices to the manipulation of givenness, and (4) baseline effects in the use of the devices. (Author/CLK)
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Historical and cross-cultural comparisons[edit]. Early travelers in Asia sometimes describe a kind of military amok, in which ... Hempel A. A., Levine R. D., Meloy J. D., Westermeyer J. D. (2000). "Cross-cultural review of sudden mass assault by a single ... Amok is also sometimes considered one of the subcategories of dissociative disorders (cross-cultural variant). ... which is a psychological condition whose manifestation is strongly shaped by cultural factors. Other reported culture-bound ...
Names in cross-cultural comparison[edit]. Further information: Category:Mythological dogs. Wolfram Eberhard points out that ... Whether this would be the case or not would be relative to assumed cultural evaluations of dogs versus humans. ...
"Preferred Interpersonal Distances: A Global Comparison". Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 48: 0022022117698039. doi ... Realizing and recognizing these cultural differences improves cross-cultural understanding, and helps eliminate discomfort ... Cultural factors[edit]. Personal space is highly variable, due to cultural differences and personal preferences. On average, ... The main cultural difference in proxemics is that residents of the United States like to keep more open space between ...
Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 560-578 Galesic, M., & Garcia-Retamero, R. (2011). Graph literacy: A cross-cultural comparison ...
"Cross Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationships". World Cultures. 17 (1): 1-19. McDowell, Nancy (1977). "The Meaning of ' ... Kurland, Milton (1953). "Romantic Love and Economic Considerations: a Cultural Comparison". Journal of Educational Sociology. ...
Galesic, M.; Garcia-Retamero, R. (2010). "Graph Literacy: A Cross-Cultural Comparison". Medical Decision Making. 31 (3): 444- ... Biological secondary abilities are attained through personal experiences and cultural customs, such as reading or high level ... and not to be the result of individual learning or cultural transmission. They are: Approximate representation of numerical ...
1987). Scientific Colonialism: A Cross Cultural Comparison. Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 9780874747850. Secord, J. A. ( ... Pyenson L (1993). "Cultural Imperialism and Exact Sciences revisited". ISIS. 84 (1): 10-108. Bibcode:1993Isis...84..103P. doi: ... Such notions have been compared to cultural imperialism, and to a rigid and intolerant form of intellectual monotheism. Medical ... Antiscience Antireductionism Cultural imperialism Experimental political science Imperialism Scientism Imperialism, the Highest ...
ISBN 0-300-03066-5. Polygyny and democracy: a cross-cultural comparison. Cross-Cultural Research, 34/2 (2000), 190-208. ... Unilineal descent organization and deep Christianization: A cross-cultural comparison. Cross-Cultural Research, 37/1 (2003), ... Korotayev, A. (2003). Christianity and democracy: A cross-cultural study (afterthoughts). World Cultures, 13(2), 195-212. ...
Yum, Y. K.; Hara, K. (2005). "Computer-mediated relationship development: A cross-cultural comparison". Journal of Computer- ... comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives. A major factor of disclosure is an individual calculation in direct ... "A person's comparison level (CL) is the threshold above which an outcome seems attractive". That is, when groups fall above the ... The first standard that we use to evaluate the outcomes of a situation is comparison level (CL). As defined by Thibaut and ...
1989). A Cross-cultural Comparison Of Self-monitoring. Communication Research Reports, 6(1), 7-12. Caldwell (1981) Bem & Allen ... In comparison to low self-monitors, high self monitors participate in more expressive control and have concern for situational ... Bikhchandani, S.; Hirshleifer, D. and Welch, I. (1992), A Theory of Fads, Fashion, Custom, and Cultural Change as Informational ... A factorial comparison among Mexicans, Mexican Americans and Anglo Americans. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 8, 225- ...
Fiadotau, Mikhail (2017). "Indie and dōjin games: a cross-cultural comparison". Proceedings of the Digital Games Research ... Fiadotau, Mikhail (2019). "Indie and Dōjin Games: A Multilayered Cross-Cultural Comparison" (PDF). Gamevironments. 10: 34-84. ... Izushi, Hiro; Aoyama, Yuko (2006). "Industry evolution and cross-sectoral skill transfers: a comparative analysis of the video ... Parker, Felan; Whitson, Jennifer R; Simon, Bart (2017). "Megabooth: The cultural intermediation of indie games". New Media & ...
LaDuke, Betty (1991). "Women Portray Women: African Roots and Cross-Cultural Comparison". In Blandy, Douglas Emerson; Congdon, ... In 1989, she was posthumously honored with the Rubén Darío Order of Cultural Independence. In August 2003 the Nicaraguan ... Her paintings have been widely exhibited in collaborations by the Cultural Institute of Nicaragua with art galleries, ... a fine arts cultural event sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, as a tribute to Beer. Twenty artists from Nicaragua were ...
... a cross-cultural comparison". Eur J Public Health. 18 (2): 115-20. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckm032. PMID 17584733. Yeung JM, ... Other natural chemicals which commonly cause reactions and cross reactivity include amines, nitrates, sulphites and some ...
"A cross-cultural comparison of attitudes toward marital infidelity". International Journal of Comparative Sociology. 3 (1): 124 ... A Cross-Cultural Perspective by Anne Buckmaster, William Jankowiak, M. Diane Nell; Ethnology, Vol. 41, PART 1, pages 85-100 ... Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 16 (4): 423-46. doi:10.1177/0022002185016004002. S2CID 145376600. Harris, Christine R.; ... Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 16 (4): 423-46. doi:10.1177/0022002185016004002. S2CID 145376600. Vandello, Joseph A.; ...
"Cross-cultural Comparisons of Online Collaboration". Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 8 (1). doi:10.1111/j.1083- ... CSCL environments are generally valued for the potential to promote collaboration in cross-cultural learning communities. Based ... "A crosscultural study of group process and development in online conferences". Distance Education. 22 (1): 85-121. doi:10.1080 ... A "multiple cultural model" of instructional design emphasizes variability and flexibility in the process of designing for ...
Unilineal Descent Groups and Deep Christianization: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. *v. *t ... The cross is currently the most common symbol of Christianity, and has been for many centuries, coming to prominence during the ... The predecessor of the cross as the main Christian symbol was the labarum, a symbol formed by overlaying the first two letters ... During the Reconquista and the Crusades, the cross served the symbolic function of possession that a flag would occupy today. ...
Daley, Ellen; Noland, Virginia (2001). "Intimate Partner Violence in College Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparison". The ... Sanday, Peggy Reeves (1981-10-01). "The Socio-Cultural Context of Rape: A Cross-Cultural Study". Journal of Social Issues. 37 ( ... Social Science and Medicine (in press). Rozée, Patricia (1993). "Forbidden or forgiven? Rape in cross-cultural perspective". ... Kalra, Gurvinder; Bhugra, Dinesh (2013-07-01). "Sexual violence against women: Understanding cross-cultural intersections". ...
A Cross-Cultural Comparison". Cross-Cultural Research. Sage. 37 (1): 132-156. Korotayev, Andrey (2000). "Parallel-Cousin (FBD) ... The Moscow School of Quantitative Cross-Cultural Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2003 (Cross-Cultural Research 37/1) . ... "Division of Labor by Gender and Postmarital Residence in Cross-Cultural Perspective: A Reconsideration". Cross-Cultural ... A cross-national analysis". Cross-Cultural Research. 49 (5): 461-488. doi:10.1177/1069397115595374. S2CID 36149423. Akaev, ...
Barnum, C. M., & Li, H. (2006). Chinese and American technical communication: A cross-cultural comparison of differences. ... The Cultural revolution, which sought to remove perceived "bourgeois" influences and attitudes, caused large negative effects ... was a strong promoter of S&T and reversed the policies of the Cultural revolution. The Soviet inspired system was then ...
Campbell, Scott W. (30 June 2016). "A cross-cultural comparison of perceptions and uses of mobile telephony". New Media & ... Shuter, Robert; Chattopadhyay, Sumana (4 December 2013). "A cross-national study of cultural values and contextual norms of ... Katz and Aakhus advanced the concept of Apparatgeist by identifying several cross-cultural trends in the adoption, use and ... expects some persistence of cultural variations. Campbell's study "suggest that cultural values may influence the norms of ...
For cross-cultural comparisons, culture-reduced tests exist which demonstrate comparable validity. --Rikurzhen 03:37, 21 ... Obviously this is only 2500 students over 10 years so it is not comprehensive in any way but it shows how cultural assumptions ... That "Hispanic" would better be described as Amerindian/Mestizos - as Hispanic is more a linguistic and cultural category -- ... what if it turns out that race J people are eating something that is common as a result of their geographical range or cultural ...
A cross cultural comparison" (PDF). Oxford Univ. p. 101. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-01-04. ...
Scheibe, S.; Blanchard-Fields, F.; Wiest, M.; Freund, A. M. (2011). "Is longing only for Germans? A cross-cultural comparison ... In a cross-cultural study conducted to determine whether the German concept of Sehnsucht could be generalized to the United ...
Cross-cultural, age, and sex comparison". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 46 (1): 139-149. doi:10.1037/0022-006X ...
Mischel, Walter (1961). "Father absence and delay of gratification: Cross-cultural comparisons". Journal of Abnormal and Social ...
A Global Comparison" (PDF). Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 48 (4): 577-592. doi:10.1177/0022022117698039. ISSN 0022-0221 ... Realizing and recognizing these cultural differences improves cross-cultural understanding, and helps eliminate discomfort ... The main cultural difference in proxemics is that residents of the United States like to keep more open space between ... The cultural practices of the United States show considerable similarities to those in northern and central European regions, ...
F. Biadsy; A. Rosenberg; R. Carlson; J. Hirschberg; E. Strangert (2008). "A Cross-cultural Comparison of American, Palestinian ... Z. Xia; R. Levitan; J. Hirschberg (2014). "Prosodic Entrainment in Mandarin and English: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison". Speech ... V. Soto; L. Mangu; A. Rosenberg; J. Hirschberg (2014). "A Comparison of Multiple Methods for Rescoring Keyword Search Lists for ...
Zdun, Steffen (2008). "Violence in street culture: Cross-cultural comparison of youth groups and criminal gangs". New ...
Livio, o. (2010). Performing the nation: A cross-cultural comparison of idol shows in four countries. in A. Hetsroni (ed.), ... audience of cultural studies?". European Journal of Cultural Studies. 5 (2): 199-215. doi:10.1177/1364942002005002159. S2CID ... In India, in the summer of 2007, coverage of the third season of Indian Idol focused on the breaking down of cultural and ... Prigge, Matt (January 3, 2007). "Jackass Number Two... the year's best, most twisted cross-over documentary-and don't forget it ...
a b c Cross Currents. Labor unions in Japan. CULCON. Retrieved 11 June 2011 ... Teachers, nurses, social workers, professors and cultural workers (those employed in museums, orchestras and art galleries) all ... which is relatively small in comparison to the first two with a little under 290 thousand members.[21] The ACLVB-CGSLB was ... Unions may organize a particular section of skilled workers (craft unionism),[3] a cross-section of workers from various trades ...
Swiss German), shifts cultural influence from the Spanish domain to the Portuguese. Although it is difficult to clarify the ... Amostra comparativa - Comparison between Galician, Portuguese and Brazilian-Portuguese pronunciation (with sound files) ( ... "Talking at cross-purposes? The missing link between feminist linguistics and translation studies". Gender and Language ... as an acknowledgement of the cultural and linguistic unity of Galicia and Portugal during the Middle Ages, as the two ...
Cultural differences in self-perception[edit]. Studies of the Dunning-Kruger effect usually have been of North Americans, but ... How perceptions of difficulty drive miscalibration in relative comparisons". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. ... How Perceptions of Difficulty Drive Miscalibration in Relative Comparisons (2006) investigated three studies that manipulated ... studies of Japanese people suggest that cultural forces have a role in the occurrence of the effect.[14] The study Divergent ...
Comparisons with Medicare[edit]. Unlike Medicaid, Medicare is a social insurance program funded at the federal level[46] and ... Differences between states are often influenced by the political ideologies of the state and cultural beliefs of the general ... Special rules apply to several limited noncitizen categories: certain "cross-border" American Indians, Hmong/Highland Laotians ... in comparison to projections of ACA subsidies. Additionally, CBO estimates predicted the number of uninsured rising under AHCA ...
Nearly all of our knowledge of Paleolithic human culture and way of life comes from archaeology and ethnographic comparisons to ... a group of humans crossed Beringia and quickly expanded throughout the Americas.[9] ... Other cultural. *Astronomy *sites. *lunar calendar. *Behavioral modernity. *Origin of language *trepanning ...
They form over water similarly to mesocyclonic tornadoes, or are stronger tornadoes which cross over water. Since they form ... By comparison, during the same tornado outbreak, more than 2000 homes were completely destroyed, with another 7000 damaged, and ... Cultural significance of tornadoes. *Cyclone. *Derecho. *List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks ... Tornadoes have been known to cross major rivers, climb mountains,[120] affect valleys, and have damaged several city centers. ...
Such comparisons will not reflect favorably on chiropractic. PCP: primary care providers. ... Cross KM, Kuenze C, Grindstaff TL, Hertel J (September 2011). "Thoracic spine thrust manipulation improves pain, range of ... Villanueva-Russell Y (June 2011). "Caught in the crosshairs: identity and cultural authority within chiropractic". Soc Sci Med ... For chiropractors to describe themselves as PCP diagnosticians is to invite comparisons to other PC diagnosticians, i.e., ...
Comparison of poodle sizes defined by major kennel clubs[50]. Size The Kennel Club (UK) Australian National Kennel Council New ... Cultural visibility. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ... A cross between a shedding breed and a poodle (which does not shed much) does not reliably produce a nonshedding dog. Traits of ... Poodles are crossed with other breeds for various reasons, and the resulting puppies (called designer dogs) are described by ...
Frans Theuws, Nico Roymans (eds.), Land and ancestors: cultural dynamics in the Urnfield period and the Middle Ages in the ... Other vessels include cups of beaten sheet-bronze with riveted handles (type Jenišovice) and large cauldrons with cross ... The number of settlements increased sharply in comparison with the preceding tumulus culture. Unfortunately, few have been ... has suggested that the observed cultural associations may be in fact partly explained as the result of a new kind of warfare ...
Along with cultural taboos, parental education and awareness of inbreeding consequences have played large roles in minimizing ... Many of the traits that affect profitability in crosses of modern dairy breeds have not been studied in designed experiments. ... "Comparison of inbreeding and outbreeding in hermaphroditic Arianta arbustorum (L.) (land snail)". Heredity. 71 (5): 456-461. ... There is no clear distinction between the two terms, but linebreeding may encompass crosses between individuals and their ...
Social and cultural aspects. Toilet training. Babies have little socialized control over urination within traditions or ... Examples (depending on circumstances) include activities such as camping, hiking, cross country running, rural fishing, amateur ... "Urine marking and urination in Lemur catta: a comparison of design features" (PDF). Annales Zoologici Fennici. 43: 280-284. ... "Intersex Surgery, Female Genital Cutting, and the Selective Condemnation of "Cultural Practices"" (PDF). Retrieved 10 February ...
Valentino, R. E. (2006). Attitudes towards cross-cultural empathy in music therapy. Music Therapy Perspectives, 24(2), 108-114. ... Jones, J. D. (2005). A comparison of songwriting and lyric analysis techniques to evoke emotional change in a single session ... Cultural aspectsEdit. Music has been looked upon for centuries as an accompaniment to rituals and cultural traditions. Michael ... the field could be better served with some further cross-cultural training. Melody Schwantes and her colleagues wrote an ...
Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review. Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences (11): 101. Retrieved 26 August ... and the maintenance of cultural and ethnic identity through worship and cultural festivals.[206] ... Their economic clout however pales in comparison to the old days of South Vietnam, where Vietnam has mostly diversified its ... The Chinese sought cultural and economic pursuits more actively during President Thiệu's rule, especially in the manufacturing ...
Cross-Cultural Research. 34: 375-389. doi:10.1177/10693971000340040 (inactive 2019-06-11).. ... Comparisons with imitation[edit]. Observational learning is presumed to have occurred when an organism copies an improbable ... Cultural variation[edit]. Cultural variation can be seen by the extent of information learned or absorbed by children in non- ... Researchers cross-fostered eggs between nests of blue tits and great tits and observed the resulting behavior through audio- ...
Immigrants found a strong social and cultural tolerance toward inter-racial marriage, including large numbers of Mulattoes ( ... who formed expeditions that crossed the interior of Brazil and greatly increased the Portuguese colonial territory. The main ... "Meta-analysis of Brazilian genetic admixture and comparison with other Latin America countries". American Journal of Human ... By Clifford Pereira, in Proceedings of the 2nd Asia-Pacific regional Conference on Underwater Cultural Heritage. Ed. Hans Van ...
Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint James of the Sword. *Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal ... He also noted how, in comparison to the Constitutional Court's 2001 acquittal of Thaksin, the judiciary was a much more ... Thai cultural restoration. *Siamese coup d'état of 1947. *Korean War. *Army General Staff Plot ... Knights Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic ...
Snowfalls are more frequent in comparison to the coast, but less so in comparison to higher ground.[10] It experiences the ... The main access for students from the north is the Cross Country Route. Around 33% of native South West students stay in the ... It has been argued that the official South West region does not possess a cultural and historic unity or identity of itself, ... In comparison to inland areas, the coast experiences high minimum temperatures, especially in winter, and it experiences ...
This stems from society investing differences with cultural and social meaning. Gendered work patterns may make their marks on ... However, based on a comparison of foragers from Oakhurst to agriculturalists from K2 and Mapungubwe, Steyn believes that ... of different recording protocols for entheseal changes in regards to expressing activity patterns using archival data and cross ... Aspects of the relationship between the physical body and socio-cultural conditions and practices can be recognized through the ...
Many of the Jews fled to the Balkan peninsula, where a few decades before Ottoman Turks had won a victory over the Cross. ... "The Jews in Late Ancient Rome: Evidence of Cultural Interaction in the Roman Diaspora". Retrieved 1 August 2018.. ... Jews and Christians experienced unusually robust cultural and social interactions, especially as the Jews increasingly aligned ...
Universalism vs cultural relativism. Main articles: Cultural relativism, Moral relativism, Moral universalism, and Universal ... Forsythe, David P. (2005). The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0- ... means of implementation in comparison to other treaty bodies.[35] Particular difficulties noted by commentators include: ... Hershock, Peter D; Ames, R.T.; Stepaniants, M. (eds). Technology and Cultural Values on the Edge of the Third Millennium. ( ...
"In Edward Lipiński (ed.). The Land of Israel: Cross-roads of Civilizations : Proceedings of the Conference Held in Brussels ... Whereas Aegean cultural influence cannot be denied, the continuity with the Late Bronze traditions in Philistia has ... and since 1873 comparisons were drawn between them and to the Aegean "Pelasgians."[40][41] Archaeological research to date has ... Mycenean influence in the material cultural traditions of coastal Canaan in the early Iron Age, in addition to that of Egyptian ...
East Cross Route Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine (Chris's British Road Directory) accessed 23 October 2007 ... By comparison, in 1801 the population of England and Wales was 9 million; by 1851 it had more than doubled to 18 million, and ... Newland, Paul (2008). The Cultural Construction of London's East End. Amsterdam: Rodopi. ISBN 9789042024540. .. ... In 1829, the Metropolitan Police Force was formed, with a remit to patrol within 7 miles (11 km) of Charing Cross, with a force ...
In comparison the modern value is circa ​299,792 km s−1⁄29.8 km s−1 ≈ 10,100.[27] ... Press and Cultural Relations Department, Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. pp. 661-. About the year 1700, the ... to cross] a distance equal to the half-diameter of the terrestrial orbit.[23] ... which may be interpreted as the time necessary for the light to cross a distance equal to the diameter of the Earth's orbit, H ...
On the left is a diagram of the lungs and airways with an inset showing a detailed cross-section of normal bronchioles and ... Chest X-ray demonstrating severe COPD: Note the small heart size in comparison to the lungs. ... depending often on social and cultural factors.[22] In severe COPD, vigorous coughing may lead to rib fractures or to a brief ... On the right are lungs damaged by COPD with an inset showing a cross-section of damaged bronchioles and alveoli. ...
Colleen Ward, cross-cultural psychologist academic. *Colin J. N. Wilson, volcanology academic ... "Hall comparison charts". www.victoria.ac.nz. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2015.. ... the stars of the southern cross and the crest of the namesake of Wellington. It was at this time that the colours of the ...
Norton, Rictor (1997). The Myth of the Modern Homosexual: Queer History and the Search for Cultural Unity, Cassell. ISBN 0-304- ... Cross-gender roles and marriage between women has also been recorded in over 30 African societies.[155] Women may marry other ... Homosexuals began to draw comparisons between their newly recognized minority status and that of African Americans.[93] Among ... Munt, Sally R. (1998). Heroic Desire: Lesbian Identity and Cultural Space (1st ed.). New York University Press. ISBN 978- ...
The second dimension (vertical or y-axis) picks up attitudes on cross-cutting, salient issues of the day (which include or have ... On other votes, however, a second dimension (which has recently come to represent attitudes on cultural and lifestyle issues) ... which permit direct comparisons between members of different Congresses across time), political scientists have demonstrated ...
The importance of cross-cultural comparisons is also mentioned by Sherif to insure the validity of methods. ... by showing different values and beliefs of the nations which flowed from different social and cultural contexts. With it, he ...
John Warren (2005). "War and the Cultural Heritage of Iraq: a sadly mismanaged affair", Third World Quarterly, Volume 26, Issue ... There are also several main cross-disciplinary and more specialized fields of chemistry.[76] ... Comparison of software for molecular mechanics modeling. *Glossary of chemistry terms. *International Year of Chemistry ... and Cultural Organization and involves chemical societies, academics, and institutions worldwide and relied on individual ...
In comparison, the indigestible polysaccharide cellulose is also a beta-glucan, but is not soluble because of its (1→4)-beta-D- ... oats products are frequently cross-contaminated with other gluten-containing cereals during grain harvesting, transport, ... Photo: Axel Lindahl/Norwegian Museum of Cultural History). Harvest techniques are a matter of available equipment, local ...
Cross-cultural comparison of evolution & God. Posted by Razib Khan on December 14, 2008 ...
Our Promise: Welcome to Care2, the worlds largest community for good. Here, youll find over 45 million like-minded people working towards progress, kindness, and lasting impact.. Care2 Stands Against: bigots, bullies, science deniers, misogynists, gun lobbyists, xenophobes, the willfully ignorant, animal abusers, frackers, and other mean people. If you find yourself aligning with any of those folks, you can move along, nothing to see here.. Care2 Stands With: humanitarians, animal lovers, feminists, rabble-rousers, nature-buffs, creatives, the naturally curious, and people who really love to do the right thing ...
Cross-Cultural Comparison of Postoperative Discharge Opioid Prescribing After Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery.. Young JD1, Bhashyam ... The extent of variation in analgesic prescribing following musculoskeletal injury among countries and cultural contexts is ...
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. ... The health of youth: a cross-national survey: a report of the 1993-94 survey of health behaviour in school-aged children: a WHO ... cross-national study  World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; King, Alan; Wold, Bente; Tudor-Smith, Chris; ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R ... Cross-cultural analysis of relationships of health indicators across Europe : first results based on the EUROHIS project : ...
Differences in Dominican and American child raising culture. Looking back at this, it strikes me as being amazing how big of a difference how the mothers in the Dominican Republic
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA: 10.4018/ijegr.2014040104: Electronic ... "A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA," International Journal of Electronic ... "A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA." IJEGR 10.2 (2014): 43-59. Web. 19 Mar. ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA. Ramón Rufín (Marketing Research Group, ...
Personality assessment in personnel selection using the MMPI-2: A cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Clinical ...
Cross-Cultural Comparison Cross-Sectional Studies Female Health Surveys Humans Male Middle Aged Panic Disorder - diagnosis - ... Cross-Cultural Comparison Female Humans Massage Medicine, Traditional Pregnancy Risk Rural Health - trends Sweden Thailand ... Cross-Cultural Comparison Female Health Personnel - psychology Humans Italy Pregnancy Students - psychology Sweden PubMed ID. ... Cross-Cultural Comparison Culture Female Humans Male Mental Healing - psychology Mental health Prisoners - psychology Religion ...
... Biadsy, Fadi Dpt of ... appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. We compare results of five studies of charisma speech in which ...
... Talha, Sanaa ... cross cultural differences in Norway and Pakistan. Form that analysis on the different consumer ... It is a cross cultural study that will compare and contrast the selection ... The criteria used were based on the several cultural traits recognized as well as clothing values. The clothing values are ...
Healthcare Providers Perspectives on Occupational Exposure to HIV: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Moazzam Ali Zaidi1*, Robin ... Healthcare providers perspectives on occupational exposure to HIV: A cross-cultural comparison ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison. J AIDS Clinic Res 3:179. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000179 ... By comparison, HCP in NZ viewed HIV to be primarily associated with homosexuality - a group of people not significantly ...
A cross-sectional study was used with self-report measures regarding (i) mental health problems, (ii) mental health shame, (iii ... A cross-sectional study was used with self-report measures regarding (i) mental health problems, (ii) mental health shame, (iii ... This study aims to compare mental health between the two workforces to appraise how cultural characteristics may impact their ... This study aims to compare mental health between the two workforces to appraise how cultural characteristics may impact their ...
Cross-Cultural Comparisons between Japan and Korea. The lack of cultural difference on other-focused relational self in the ... Leung, K., and Bond, M. H. (1989). On the empirical identification of dimensions for cross-cultural comparisons. J. Cross. Cult ... Cross-Cultural Comparison of Self-Construal and Well-Being between Japan and South Korea: The Role of Self-Focused and Other- ... Citation: Park J, Norasakkunkit V and Kashima Y (2017) Cross-Cultural Comparison of Self-Construal and Well-Being between Japan ...
Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Academic Cheating Research-Cross-Cultural Comparison. Submitted by KBL781 on ... Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Academic Cheating Research-Cross-Cultural Comparison. ... cross-cultural comparison; Author-Supplied Keyword: theory of planned behavior; Number of Pages: 22p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram ... Significant cross-cultural differences were found and discussed. Notes. Chudzicka-Czupała, Agata 1 Grabowski, Damian 1 Mello, ...
... *Making Parents. *Parenting cultures and risk management in plural Norway *Conference: Parenting and ... Cross-cultural comparison. A trend toward whats been called "intensive" (Hays, 1996) or "paranoid" (Furedi, 2002) parenting ... International Conference June 2016: Parenting and Personhood: Cross-cultural perspectives on expertise, family life and risk ... Cross-cultural perspectives on family-life, expertise, and risk management *Accommodation ...
Direct short-term effects of EBP teaching: change in knowledge, not in attitude; a cross-cultural comparison among students ... To assess the change in knowledge and attitudes, we used the paired t-test in the comparison of scores before and after the ... UMCU students achieved the highest pre-module scores in all subscales compared to UI and UM with the comparison of average (SD ...
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Psychological Differences between College Students and Drug Addicts in New Orleans and San Juan. ... Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Drug Abuse, Drug Addiction, Higher Education, ... It is clear, however, that cultural differences (differences between cities) are less common than are population differences or ...
Examination of the results indicates cross-cultural similarities and differences with regard to both the definition and ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Five Countries. ... Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Context, Cultural ... Examination of the results indicates cross-cultural similarities and differences with regard to both the definition and ...
... Ali Brian, Farid Bardid ... "Cross-cultural Comparison of Fundamental Motor Skills in Children from Belgium and the United States." In Journal of Sport & ... "Cross-cultural Comparison of Fundamental Motor Skills in Children from Belgium and the United States." Journal of Sport & ... Brian A, Bardid F, Barnett L, Deconinck F, Lenoir M, Goodway J. Cross-cultural comparison of fundamental motor skills in ...
Consumer perceived value of salon hair coloring : a cross-cultural comparison of Gen Y cohorts in China and the United States. ... Consumer perceived value of salon hair coloring : a cross-cultural comparison of Gen Y cohorts in China and the United States. ... study may be useful to apply in CPV studies looking at other product categories and other age demographics in other cultural ...
... cultural comparison between Egypt and the USA, Gender in Management: An International Journal" on DeepDyve, the largest online ... cultural comparison between Egypt and the USA. Sex stereotyping managerial positions A crosscultural comparison between Egypt ... Sex stereotyping managerial positions A crosscultural comparison between Egypt and the USA. Abdel Moneim Elsaid; Eahab Elsaid ... Elsaid, M.A., & Elsaid, E. (2012). Sex stereotyping managerial positions A crosscultural comparison between Egypt and the USA ...
Are Modern Chinese Getting More Materialistic?: a Study of Materialism With Longitude and Cross-Cultural Comparisons Chunyan ... The finding of a cross cultural comparison implies further development of materialism measures needs to cover social influence ... a Study of Materialism With Longitude and Cross-Cultural Comparisons ", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 39, eds. ... A longitude comparison of Chinese materialists shows the development of materialism with increasing affluence. ...
... properties of the German Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and its potential for cross-cultural comparisons: a cross- ... However, our comparison of instrument dimensionality across different language versions indicates limitations concerning cross- ... Cross-sectional multicentre study to establish psychometric properties of German version of the survey instrument. ... Psychometric properties (eg, model fit, internal consistency, construct validity) of the instrument and comparison of ...
Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships:A comparison of Chinese ... Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships:A comparison of Chinese ... PDF (Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships) - Draft Version ... Cross-cultural researchers have questioned the extent to which European- American management practices can be transported to ...
Lam, L. H. and Porter, D. (2010) Hybrid commodities, gendered aesthetics, and the challenge of cross-cultural comparison: A ... Hybrid commodities, gendered aesthetics, and the challenge of cross-cultural comparison: A response to Morettis The Novel: ... and his insights generated a vibrant cross-disciplinary conversation between the authors of this response. In this essay, we ...
THE THREE DIMENSIONAL WISDOM SCALE IN CROSS-CULTURAL CONTEXT: A comparison between American and Slovak college students. ... In sum, this cross-cultural explorative research suggests that the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, consisting of internally ...
The Effects of Receptacle on the Expected Flavor of a Colored Beverage: Cross-Cultural Comparison Among French, Japanese, and ... The Effects of Receptacle on the Expected Flavor of a Colored Beverage: Cross-Cultural Comparison Among French, Japanese, and ...
"Cross-Cultural Comparison". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. * 0-9 ...
  • Furthermore, results provided evidence for cross-cultural differences in academic satisfaction. (arctichealth.org)
  • The study will explain the cross cultural differences in Norway and Pakistan. (bibsys.no)
  • Significant cross-cultural differences were found and discussed. (iit.edu)
  • A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Psychological Differences between College Students and Drug Addicts in New Orleans and San Juan. (ed.gov)
  • It is clear, however, that cultural differences (differences between cities) are less common than are population differences or interactions between populations and cities. (ed.gov)
  • Differences have been found between the Italian and Polish samples, both in the percentage of individuals with orthorexic behaviours as suggested by an ORTO 15 score below the cutoff, and in the mean ORTO 15 scores in the AN and HC groups, suggesting cross-cultural differences in orthorexic behaviours, whose meaning is currently difficult to understand. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The second aim was to assess the possible cross-cultural differences in orthorexic behaviours between Italian and Polish women, both with and without a diagnosis of AN. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Comparisons between male and female age preferences revealed differences both within each culture as well as between Germany and the United States. (cornellcollege.edu)
  • The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. (edu.au)
  • Two studies were conducted in West Germany and the United States to investigate cultural similarities and differences on features of personality assessed through act frequency methods. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • Future research may consider exploring cultural differences in PA contexts such as PE and access to playgrounds and organized sports to provide appropriate recommendations for practitioners and policy makers. (strath.ac.uk)
  • When comparisons were repeated after Senegalese girls reached menarche, differences in weight and body mass index disappeared, but Senegalese girls were still shorter than girls from Martinique. (ird.fr)
  • Cultural Differences in Conducting Intra- and Inter-Cultural Negotiations: A Sino-Canadian Comparison ," Journal of International Business Studies , Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 25(3), pages 537-555, September. (repec.org)
  • The extent of variation in analgesic prescribing following musculoskeletal injury among countries and cultural contexts is poorly understood. (nih.gov)
  • To what extent is this a global trend, or something confined to specific class or cultural-based milieus in specific contexts? (kent.ac.uk)
  • Results of this study can be considered in interpreting findings across national contexts, in further refinement of the instrument for cross-national studies and in better understanding the various facets and dimensions of patient safety culture. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, and in different cultural contexts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. (edu.au)
  • The study is an intercultural comparison of the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior (original and modified versions) to predict students' intentions for academic cheating. (iit.edu)
  • St. Dennis, Victoria, "(Un)Covering the Nipple: A Cross--cultural Comparison of Decisions Around Breastfeeding" (2016). (skidmore.edu)
  • This mental health definition is viewed as being acceptable for both, the German and the South African socio-cultural context. (frontiersin.org)
  • This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence volunteerism within each country. (edu.au)
  • This study addresses the negotiation effect in the context of cross-cultural joint ventures (JV) in a volatile environment. (repec.org)
  • second section has dealt with the cultural context and rock art of the rest of India. (ignca.nic.in)
  • 3. Understanding the cross-fertilization between behavioural biology, psychology, the humanities and anthropology. (rug.nl)
  • Hofstede's work established a major research tradition in cross-cultural psychology and has also been drawn upon by researchers and consultants in many fields relating to international business and communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theory has been widely used in several fields as a paradigm for research, particularly in cross-cultural psychology , international management, and cross-cultural communication . (wikipedia.org)
  • Adolescent and Parental Reactions to Puberty in Nigeria and Kenya: A Cross-Cultural and Intergenerational Comparison. (afworo.org)
  • Cross-cultural comparison of growth, maturation and adiposity indices of two contrasting adolescent populations in rural Senegal (West Africa) and Martinique (Caribbean). (ird.fr)
  • Monticone M, Baiardi P, Calabrò D, Calabrò F, Forti C: Development of the Italian version of the revised Scoliosis Reseacrh Society-22 Patient Questionnaire, SRS-22r-I: cross-cultural adaptation, factor analysis,reliability, and validity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: French results and cross-cultural comparison. (mcgill.ca)
  • Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies. (afworo.org)
  • One of the most challenging issues in cross-cultural bioethics concerns the long-standing socio-cultural practice of female genital circumcision (FGC), which is prevalent in many African countries and the Middle East as well as in some Asian and Western countries. (afworo.org)
  • Psychometric properties (eg, model fit, internal consistency, construct validity) of the instrument and comparison of dimensionality across different language translations. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • This study aimed to assess the cross-cultural adaptation of the Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) and its validity in a Brazilian elderly sample. (scielo.br)
  • Hence, this research aimed to perform the cultural adaptation of the Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) and find evidence for the validity of the adapted version in a sample of Brazilian elderly. (scielo.br)
  • This study uses a cross-cultural comparison to assess the fundamentals of e-government adoption in the United States (USA) and Spain. (igi-global.com)
  • The study aims at understanding what are the cultural factors that affect the selection criteria of casual clothes among women. (bibsys.no)
  • This study aims to compare mental health between the two workforces to appraise how cultural characteristics may impact their mental health status. (frontiersin.org)
  • A cross-sectional study was used with self-report measures regarding (i) mental health problems, (ii) mental health shame, (iii) self-compassion, (iv) work engagement and (v) work motivation. (frontiersin.org)
  • This is extremely important with regard to the present cross-cultural study on mental health during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). (frontiersin.org)
  • Markus and Kitayama's (1991) original proposals of two distinct ways, independent self and interdependent self, made a dramatic impact on the study of culture and self, illuminating cultural diversity in how the self is construed in relation with others (i.e., autonomy-oriented vs. relatedness-oriented). (frontiersin.org)
  • For example, the results suggested that the proposed model for CPV in this study may be useful to apply in CPV studies looking at other product categories and other age demographics in other cultural settings. (uncg.edu)
  • a Study of Materialism With Longitude and Cross-Cultural Comparisons ", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 39, eds. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Evaluation of psychometric properties of the German Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and its potential for cross-cultural comparisons: a cross-sectional study. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • To study the psychometric characteristics of German version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and to compare its dimensionality to other language versions in order to understand the instrument's potential for cross-national studies. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Cross-sectional multicentre study to establish psychometric properties of German version of the survey instrument. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. (afworo.org)
  • Coupled with a 3-week study abroad experience in Johannesburg and Cape Town, South Africa, students will examine topics of prejudice and discrimination, principally regarding race, ethnicity, and social class, and how these social constructions differ cross-culturally. (rhodes.edu)
  • Findings are based on 1998 survey data from a cross-national study of health behaviours among children and adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • Method: This cross-cultural study reports on attitudes of 240 nursing students towards suicide in Turkey and 82 nursing students in the UK. (lsbu.ac.uk)
  • In order to confirm the early results from the IBM study and to extend them to a variety of populations, six subsequent cross-national studies have successfully been conducted between 1990 and 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • To assess the change in knowledge and attitudes, we used the paired t-test in the comparison of scores before and after the module. (medworm.com)
  • In sum, this cross-cultural explorative research suggests that the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, consisting of internally consistent cognitive, reflective, and affective personality characteristics, is a promising measure to assess wisdom in the US as well as the Slovak culture. (edu.pl)
  • Kumar, B & Ross, MW 1991, ' Sexual Behaviour and HIV Infection Risks in Indian Homosexual Men: A Cross-Cultural Comparison ', International Journal of STD and AIDS , vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 442-444. (umn.edu)
  • Australia, home of the Australian Aborigines , is often treated as a single culture area despite its considerable cultural and geographic diversity . (britannica.com)
  • Qualitative cross-cultural exploration of vaginal bleeding/spotting symptoms and impacts associated with hormone therapy in post-menopausal women to inform the development of new patient-reported measurement tools. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Adolescents from Martinique participated in a cross-sectional nutritional survey that covered the entire island. (ird.fr)
  • Discussion centered on the participants' beliefs and experiences regarding management of risk of exposure to patient blood or body fluid, and on personal reactions to hypothetical scenarios involving a sharps injury where a patient's blood was positive for either HIV or (for comparison) hepatitis C. Data analysis involved coding and categorization of interview transcripts following the constant comparative methods of grounded theory. (omicsonline.org)
  • Overview of methods used in cross-cultural comparisons of menopausal symptoms and their determinants: Guidelines for Strengthening the Reporting of Menopause and Aging (STROMA) studies. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A symptomatic approach to understanding women's health experiences: a cross-cultural comparison of women aged 20 to 70 years. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A. Angleitner, D.M. Buss, and A.I. Demtröder, "A cross-cultural comparison using the act frequency approach (AFA) in West Germany and the United States", European journal of personality , vol. 4, 1990, pp. 187-207. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • An Empirical Comparison of Soviet1 and American Business Negotiations ," Journal of International Business Studies , Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 23(3), pages 387-418, September. (repec.org)
  • DESIGN: Cross-cultural comparison of contrasting populations. (ird.fr)
  • Zaidi MA, Griffiths R, Levack W (2012) Healthcare Providers' Perspectives on Occupational Exposure to HIV: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. (omicsonline.org)
  • Ashley Wazana, an Assistant Professor at McGill University, is a clinician-scientist with a clinical appointment at the Jewish General Hospital (JGH) and research cross appointments at the JGH and the Douglas Institute in Montreal. (mcgill.ca)
  • Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication , developed by Geert Hofstede . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, our comparison of instrument dimensionality across different language versions indicates limitations concerning cross-national studies. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • You'll choose from classes that explore psychoanalytic approaches to literature, cultural studies, postcolonial studies, and transnational feminist studies. (mills.edu)
  • Your teachers-scholars of history, literature, and cultural studies-will support you in all aspects of your intellectual development. (mills.edu)
  • Transcultural Francophone studies minors enter a wide range of fields where they apply their understanding of global issues, critical thinking and linguistic skills, and cultural competence. (mills.edu)
  • A brief literature review cites the research of several respected authors concerning the topic of comparative research, the role and importance of cross-cultural analyses, and the potential for and drawbacks of international studies. (ncjrs.gov)
  • It has inspired a number of other major cross-cultural studies of values, as well as research on other aspects of culture, such as social beliefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amok is often described as a culture-bound (or culture-specific) syndrome, [14] [15] which is a psychological condition whose manifestation is strongly shaped by cultural factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outside pressures (e.g., by political and special interest groups) and inner motivations, based on often unconscious psychological and cultural factors, can affect police performance, with the ever-present risk of arbitrariness and corruption. (ncjrs.gov)
  • 2. Cross-Cultural Comparison and Archaeological Theory: Bruce G. Trigger (McGill University). (wiley.com)
  • a cross-cultural comparison among students from European and Asian medical schools. (medworm.com)
  • While in country, students will participate in class meetings (allowing continued development as we read, discuss, and reflect), visit historical and cultural sites, attend guest lectures by South African academics, and interact with South Africans. (rhodes.edu)
  • Prevalence of eating disturbances among South African university students : a cross-cultural comparison. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • Research examining the quality of life among the elderly Asians, specifically Chinese, has to date not incorporated cross-national comparisons. (jhu.edu)
  • Together we are building a new cross-cultural research platform to explore the potential for digital solutions to some of the most challenging health issues facing us all in the twenty-first century. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in NorthAmerica, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. (edu.au)
  • Cross-cultural research on FMS is limited due to the adoption of different motor assessments. (strath.ac.uk)
  • He first focused his research on the 40 largest countries, and then extended it to 50 countries and 3 regions, "at that time probably the largest matched-sample cross-national database available anywhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumers do not behave in the same way cross culturally. (bibsys.no)
  • Europe: culture areas Map showing the distribution of various culture areas, each inhabited by groups exhibiting linguistic and other cultural similarity, in Europe. (britannica.com)
  • A cross-cultural examination of student volunteering: is it all resume building? (edu.au)
  • Self-reported peer victimization and child mental health: Results of a cross-sectional survey among French primary school children. (mcgill.ca)
  • What Teachers Tell Us about Administrators and Administration as Sources of Professional Enthusiasm and Discouragement: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Five Countries. (ed.gov)
  • The Benefits of Leader Communication on Part-Time Worker Outcomes: A Comparison between Part-Time and Full-Time Employees Using Motivating Language (Mayfield & Mayfield, 2006) Motivating language is also firmly rooted in three primary assumptions. (issuu.com)
  • A comparison of sexual activities in 49 homosexually active northwest Indian men attending STD clinics was made with 173 homosexually active Australian men from a community sample. (umn.edu)
  • While substantially large for the health care system, our estimates are much smaller than health-unadjusted comparisons or cross-sectional effects. (humankinetics.com)
  • The third component of the motivating language (ML) model, meaning-making language, is expected to serve as a major guidepost in the navigation of organizational change and cultural orientation. (issuu.com)
  • Partial contents: Cultural Factors Affecting Urban Mexican Male Homosexual Behavior / Joseph M. Carrier -- Subject Honor and Object Shame: The Construction of Male Homosexuality and Stigma in Nicaragua / Roger N. Lancaster -- Stigma Transformation and Relexification: "Gay" in Latin America / Stephen O. Murray and Manuel Arboleda G. -- Sentimental Effusions of Genital Contact in Upper Amazonia / Stephen O. Murray. (uchicago.edu)
  • Cross-cultural researchers have questioned the extent to which European- American management practices can be transported to major markets in Asia, such as the People's Republic of China. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • About 10 percent of Egypt's population are Christians who do not necessarily share the same cultural beliefs as the country's Muslim majority. (deepdyve.com)
  • Perception of charisma, the ability to infuence others by virtue of one's personal qualities, appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. (diva-portal.org)
  • A longitude comparison of Chinese materialists shows the development of materialism with increasing affluence. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Brian A, Bardid F, Barnett L, Deconinck F, Lenoir M, Goodway J. Cross-cultural comparison of fundamental motor skills in children from Belgium and the United States. (ugent.be)
  • The cross-cultural difference in FMS between Belgian and US children may be accounted for by the fact that Belgian children receive physical education (PE) from a specialist starting at 3 years of age and US children only receive well-equipped free play. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Bayley III in Vietnamese children: lessons for cross-cultural comparisons. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The finding of a cross cultural comparison implies further development of materialism measures needs to cover social influence and social motives. (acrwebsite.org)
  • This paper will focus upon the reasons why women choose to not breastfeed, and go beyond the traditional assumptions of socio--economic class and ethnicity; instead looking at elements of social and cultural influence from the local and global levels. (skidmore.edu)
  • Companies with longer cultural distance from the host country tend to arrange higher term specificity and higher topic inclusiveness to neutralize an unfavorable influence of cultural distance on performance. (repec.org)