Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
The medical specialty which deals with WOUNDS and INJURIES as well as resulting disability and disorders from physical traumas.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
A personality inventory consisting of statements to be asserted or denied by the individual. The patterns of response are characteristic of certain personality attributes.
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
A psychoanalytic therapy wherein each social transaction is analyzed to determine the involved ego state (whether parent-like, child-like, or adult-like) as a basis for understanding behavior.
A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.
The use of mind to cure disease, particularly physical illness.
A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.

Low-weight neonatal survival paradox in the Czech Republic. (1/1698)

Analysis of vital statistics for the Czech Republic between 1986 and 1993, including 3,254 infant deaths from 350,978 first births to married and single women who conceived at ages 18-29 years, revealed a neonatal survival advantage for low-weight infants born to disadvantaged (single, less educated) women, particularly for deaths from congenital anomalies. This advantage largely disappeared after the neonatal period. The same patterns have been observed for low-weight infants born to black women in the United States. Since the Czech Republic had an ethnically homogenous population, virtually universal prenatal care, and uniform institutional conditions for delivery, Czech results must be attributed to social rather than to biologic or medical circumstances. This strengthens the contention that in the United States, the black neonatal survival paradox may be due as much to race-related social stigmatization and consequent disadvantage as to any hypothesized hereditary influences on birth-weight-specific survival.  (+info)

Cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican American adults: a transcultural analysis of NHANES III, 1988-1994. (2/1698)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent to which cardiovascular disease risk factors differ among subgroups of Mexican Americans living in the United States. METHODS: Using data from a national sample (1988-1994) of 1387 Mexican American women and 1404 Mexican American men, aged 25 to 64 years, we examined an estimate of coronary heart disease mortality risk and 5 primary cardiovascular disease risk factors: systolic blood pressure, body mass index, cigarette smoking, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Differences in risk were evaluated by country of birth and primary language spoken. RESULTS: Estimated 10-year coronary heart disease mortality risk per 1000 persons, adjusted for age and education, was highest for US-born Spanish-speaking men and women (27.5 and 11.4, respectively), intermediate for US-born English-speaking men and women (22.5 and 7.0), and lowest for Mexican-born men and women (20.0 and 6.6). A similar pattern of higher risk among US-born Spanish-speaking men and women was demonstrated for each of the 5 cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: These findings illustrate the heterogeneity of the Mexican American population and identify a new group at substantial risk for cardiovascular disease and in need of effective heart disease prevention programs.  (+info)

Generational continuity and change in British Asian health and health behaviour. (3/1698)

OBJECTIVES: To trace patterns of health and health behaviour in those with ancestry in the Indian subcontinent (British Asians) compared with the general population of their age (1) in the younger generation age 14-15 mainly born in the UK and (2) in the older mainly migrant generation. DESIGN: Cross sectional random sample surveys of two age groups in Glasgow. SAMPLES: 334 British Asians (86% born in the UK) and 490 non-Asians, all aged 14-15; 173 British Asians aged 30-40 (mean age 35, 93% born abroad), and 344 general population aged 35. MEASURES: Health: self assessed health/fitness, longstanding/limiting illness, chronic phlegm, accidents, symptoms, tooth loss. Health behaviour: smoking, alcohol, drugs, exercise. RESULTS: At age 14-15, compared with non-Asian counterparts: fewer British Asian girls reported limiting illness (p < 0.05) or chronic phlegm (p < 0.01), fewer boys reported accidents (p < 0.01), and fewer of both sexes had lost second teeth (p < 0.05); more of both sexes reported not smoking, drinking alcohol, or using drugs (p < 0.01 or below), fewer reported frequent exercise (p < 0.05 or below). Smoking patterns were consistently related to ethnic differences in chronic phlegm, and patterns of alcohol consumption to those in accidents. In health, British Asian girls aged 14-15 generally compared more favourably with non-Asian counterparts than did those aged 30-40. The reverse was true for British Asian male subjects. In health behaviour, British Asians of both sexes aged 14-15 showed strong continuities with those aged 30-40. CONCLUSIONS: Favourable health behaviour has brought a health advantage to young British born Asians, even though this was not the case in the migrant generation. Female health disadvantage is also much less marked than in migrants aged 30-40, but may re-emerge between ages 15-30. Migrant Asian male subjects may have had misleadingly high respiratory health levels because of positive selection.  (+info)

Patients' priorities with respect to general practice care: an international comparison. European Task Force on Patient Evaluations of General Practice (EUROPEP). (4/1698)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Improving the sensitivity of general practice to patients' needs demands a good understanding of patients' expectations and priorities in care provision. Insight into differences in expectations of patients in different cultures and health care systems may support decision-making on desirable models for care provision in general practice. An international study was conducted to determine priorities of patients in general practice care: which views do patients in different countries have in common and which views differ? METHODS: Written surveys in general practices in the UK, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, Germany, Portugal and Israel were performed. Samples of patients from at least 12 practices per country, stratified according to area and type of practice, were included. Patients rated the importance of 38 different aspects of general practice care, selected on the basis of literature analysis, qualitative studies and consensus discussions. Rankings between countries were compared. RESULTS: A total number of 3540 patients (response rate on average 55%) completed the questionnaire. Patients in different countries had many opinions in common. Aspects that got the highest ranking were: getting enough time during the consultation; quick services in case of emergencies; confidentiality of information on patients; telling patients all they want to know about their illness; making patients feel free to talk about their problems; GPs going to courses regularly; and offering preventive services. However, differences between opinions of patients in different countries were also found for some of the selected aspects. A confounding effect of patients' characteristics may have played a role in these differences. DISCUSSION: The study provides information on what patients expect of and value in general practice care. It shows that patients in different cultures and health care systems may have different views on some aspects of care, but most of all that they have many views in common, particularly as far as doctor-patient communication and accessibility of services are concerned.  (+info)

Low incidence of transplant coronary artery disease in Chinese heart recipients. (5/1698)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the incidence of transplant coronary artery disease (CAD) in Chinese heart recipients. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of transplant CAD detected by angiography at 1, 2 and 4 years after heart transplantation was 11%, 22% and 45%, respectively. The incidence of transplant CAD in Chinese heart recipients has not been reported. METHODS: For those recipients surviving for more than 1 year after transplantation, coronary angiography was performed annually for surveillance of transplant CAD. The recipient characteristics, donor characteristics, rejection episodes, medication and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches were recorded. RESULTS: Fifty patients were included in this study. Thirteen (26%) recipients had ischemic heart disease. Two patients (4%) had active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after transplantation. The mean number of rejection episodes in the 1st year after transplantation was 1.15. Among 47 patients with complete data of donor and recipient histocompatibility antigens, there were seven patients (14.9%) with two or fewer HLA mismatches. Among 74 angiograms of 50 patients reviewed, only one patient had discrete stenosis less than 50% in the middle portion of the left anterior descending artery at 1 year after transplantation. The cumulative incidence of transplant CAD was 2% at 1 year and 2% at 2 and 4 years after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of transplant CAD was low in Chinese heart transplant recipients. Low percentage of ischemic heart disease in recipients, low occurrence of active CMV infection and rejection episodes after transplantation, less racial disparity, and lower HLA mismatches may be the important factors.  (+info)

Quality and cost of healthcare: a cross-national comparison of American and Dutch attitudes. (6/1698)

OBJECTIVE: To compare attitudes of consumers in America and Holland toward the quality and cost of healthcare. STUDY DESIGN: Data were derived from one American (n = 466) and two Dutch (n = 260, n = 1629) surveys. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by respondents. Pairwise comparisons requiring respondents to compare statements with one another were used to assess preferences for quality of care. Respondents were asked to "indicate the extent to which each of the factors listed plays a role in placing demands on the American (Dutch) healthcare system." Factors included the public's tendency to consume, high technology, defensive medicine, decrease in informal care, increase in standard diagnostic procedures, and medicalization. RESULTS: Americans reported comparatively greater concern with empathy, whereas the Dutch were more interested in the continuity of care. Effectiveness, knowledge, information, and patient-physician relationships were ranked higher in both nations than waiting time, autonomy, and efficiency. Respondents in both countries attributed the increase in healthcare cost primarily to the high cost of technology. Compared with their Dutch peers, Americans were less likely to attribute increases in the cost of healthcare to the public tendency to consume and to the decrease in informal care and were more likely to implicate defensive medicine and an increase in diagnostic procedures. CONCLUSIONS: As both nations experience pressures to reduce costs while maintaining and augmenting the quality of healthcare, planners and government officials should tailor their approaches to each nation's problems within the context of their public perspectives. Replication of such studies should help assess the impact of changing societal values on healthcare delivery.  (+info)

Respiratory responses to CO2-rebreathing in Nigerian men. (7/1698)

In 36 young Nigerian men, ventilatory capacity and the changes in ventilation, tidal volume and tidal P CO2 during oxic CO2-rebreathing have been measured. CO2 response lines and breathing rhythms have been determined and analysed in relation to the anthropometric and lung function data. Previous findings that Nigerian men have a substantially lower ventilatory capacity than Europeans at a standard height and age are confirmed. Breathing rhythms in Nigerians appear to be the same as in other ethnic groups studied. CO2-sensitivity varies with FVC, as found previously in Europeans and New Guineans. However, at a standard FVC of 41, Nigerian men have the same CO2-sensitivity as Europeans, and not a lower value like New Guineans.  (+info)

Chinese and U.S. internists adhere to different ethical standards. (8/1698)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether internists in the United States and China have different ideas and behaviors regarding informing patients of terminal diagnoses and HIV/AIDS, the role of the family in end-of-life decision making, and assisted suicide. DESIGN: Structured questionnaire of clinical vignettes followed by multiple choice questions. SETTING: University and community hospitals in San Francisco and Beijing, China. SUBJECTS: Forty practicing internists were interviewed, 20 in China and 20 in the United States. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the internists surveyed, 95% of the U.S. internists and none of the Chinese internists would inform a patient with cancer of her diagnosis. However, 100% of U.S. and 90% of Chinese internists would tell a terminally ill patient who had AIDS, rather than advanced cancer, about his diagnosis. When family members' wishes conflicted with a patient's preferences regarding chemotherapy of advanced cancer, Chinese internists were more likely to follow the family's preferences rather than the patient's preferences (65%) than were the U.S. internists (5%). Thirty percent of U.S. internists and 15% of Chinese internists agreed with a terminally ill patient's request for sufficient narcotics to end her life. CONCLUSIONS: We found significant differences in clinical ethical beliefs between internists in the United States and China, most evident in informing patients of a cancer diagnosis. In general, the Chinese physicians appeared to give far greater weight to family preferences in medical decision making than did the U.S. physicians.  (+info)

Dr. Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley was a Yupiaq scholar who served 25 Years as faculty with the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Along with Dr. Ray Barnhardt, he helped to create the Center Cross-Cultural Studies at UAF. In so doing he introduced the construct of Native Ways of Knowing and contributed greatly to the academic field of Indigenous knowledge and broader cross-cultural sharing.. The Indigenous Studies Program located within the Center for Cross-Cultural Studies and College of Liberal Arts at UAF offers a collaborative interdiscriplinary PhD program that is a direct result of Dr. Kawagleys lifetime of work.. It is our honor each year to present the Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley award to a person or group that exempliefies the values Angayuqaq worked so hard to celebrate. ...
Print advertising at the component level: a cross-cultural comparison of the United States and Japan. A place of emotion in attitude models
Cross-cultural comparison of growth, maturation and adiposity indices of two contrasting adolescent populations in rural Senegal (West Africa) and Martinique (Caribbean) - Volume 7 Issue 4 - Eric Bénéfice, Nathalie Caïus, Denis Garnier
Dr. Sean Asiqłuq Topkok is an Assistant Professor in the School of Education at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. His family comes from the Seward Peninsula in Igloo and Teller, Alaska, and is I upiaq, S mi, Irish, and Norwegian. He began his career in Alaska Native education since 1987, working in Anchorage and Fairbanks. Dr. Topkok is the leader of the Pavva I upiaq Dancers of Fairbanks founded in 1999, a local community dance group inviting Native and non-Native people interested I upiaq dance, cultural heritage, and cultural values. He received his B.A. in Humanities, M.A. in Cross-Cultural Studies, and Ph.D. in Indigenous Studies - all from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. His dissertation was entitled: I upiat Ilitqusiat: Inner Views of Our I upiaq Values. He has authored numerous peer-reviewed academic articles and chapters focusing on Indigenous values, methodologies, and well-being. Dr. Topkok presents worldwide about his academic research and has given a Tedx Talk about I upiaq ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cross-cultural studies in Alzheimers disease.. AU - Osuntokun, B. O.. AU - Hendrie, H. C.. AU - Ogunniyi, A. O.. AU - Hall, K. S.. AU - Lekwauwa, U. G.. AU - Brittain, H. M.. AU - Norton, J. A.. AU - Oyediran, A. B.. AU - Pillay, N.. AU - Rodgers, D. D.. PY - 1992/9/1. Y1 - 1992/9/1. N2 - The search for risk factors for Alzheimers disease would be greatly enhanced by identification of populations with significantly different prevalence rates, particularly if these populations consisted of ethnic groups now living in different environments and cultures. Evidence is presented that two such groups are worthy of further study: subjects of African origin living in Africa and in the West and Native Americans living on and off reserves.. AB - The search for risk factors for Alzheimers disease would be greatly enhanced by identification of populations with significantly different prevalence rates, particularly if these populations consisted of ethnic groups now living in different ...
Krothe, J. S. and Clendon, J. M. (2006), Perceptions of Effectiveness of Nurse-Managed Clinics: A Cross-Cultural Study. Public Health Nursing, 23: 242-249. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2006.230305.x ...
Article discussing a cross-cultural study designed to analyze how young people, operationalized in this study as people of Latino descent between the ages of 18-25, are using their mobile phone for various applications and what particular gratifications they derive from using the phone.
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Crossing Boundaries: A Cross-cultural Study of the Architecture in Shamian, Guangzhou, China page in the Environments and Design Students site.
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Every day for two weeks, participants at four sites (2 in the US, 1 in Canada, and 1 in Japan) described their self-esteem and affect and they described the events that occurred each day. Multilevel random coefficient modeling analyses found that the self_esteem of Japanese participants changed more in reaction to daily social events (both positive and negative) than it did for North American participants. For positive social events, the Japanese were more reactive in terms of positive affect than North Americans. For negative social events, the Japanese were more reactive in terms of depressed mood (ND) and deactive positive affect (PD) than North Americans. In contrast, the Japanese were less reactive to negative achievement events than North Americans in terms of PA and anxious mood. The Japanese were more reactive than North Americans to positive achievement events in terms of PA and ND. The results highlight the greater sensitivity of the Japanese to social concerns compared to North Americans, and
Cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic differences in the prevalence of leisure-time and occupational physical activity, and active commuting in six Asia-Pacific countries ...
This study is an exploratory examination of cultural differences in accounting educators epistemological beliefs of accounting ethics education. It is motivated by a renewed global interest in accounting ethics in recent years following the reported breaches of ethical conducts by individuals from different cultures. In Pratts model, conceptions of teaching should be an interdependent and internally consistent trilogy of beliefs, intentions and actions. The purpose of this empirical study is to sketch an outline of how accounting ethics education is broadly understood by accounting educators from three different cultural backgrounds, the Anglo-influenced Australian, the Chinese and the Moslem-dominated Malaysian. It explores the cross-cultural variations in their epistemological beliefs of what to teach, objectives to achieve, the ethics educator, and the learning process. Results suggest that Australian and Malaysian accounting educators differed significantly in their epistemological beliefs on the
Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. Social and societal factors can provide opportunities, expectations and requirements for voluntary activity, as well as influence the values and norms promoting this. These contexts are especially central in the case of voluntary participation among students as they are often responding to the societal demands for building a career and qualifying for future assignments and/or government requirements for completing community service. This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in NorthAmerica, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence ...
The importance of customer experience in the banking sector is steadily increasing due to product similarity, competition and the global expansion. Additionally, in the twenty-first century, the focus has shifted from a service-based to an experience-based economy where senses, feelings, impressions, perceptions and emotional connections have become central.. The global expansion in the banking sector has created a need for cross-cultural studies of customer experience, because of the increase of success when the service delivery is in tune with the cultural differences of customers. Despite the scarcity of cross-cultural studies, the few existing studies have shown significant results.. The purpose of this study is hence to compare the perceived customer experience in the banking sector in Sweden and the United States. These two countries are culturally different on the masculinity versus femininity dimension explained by Hofstede in the universally acknowledged study on cross-cultural ...
Perception of charisma, the ability to infuence others by virtue of ones personal qualities, appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. We compare results of five studies of charisma speech in which American, Palestinian, and Swedish subjects rated Standard American English political speech and Americans and Palestinians rated Palestinian Arabic speech. We identify acoustic-prosodic and lexical features correlated with charisma ratings of both languages for native and non-native speakers and find that 1) some acoustic-prosodic features correlated with charisma ratings appear similar across all five experiments; 2) other acoustic-prosodic and lexical features correlated with charisma appear specific to the language rated, whatever the native language of the rater; and 3) still other acoustic-prosodic cues appear specific to both rater native language and to language rated. We also find that, while the absolute ratings non-native raters assign tend to be lower than those of ...
OBJECTIVES To determine patterns of symptoms across age groups, identify symptom groups associated with ovarian hormonal depletion or other variables, and develop a prediction model for each symptom. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional survey of 4,517 women ages 20 to 70 years recruited from market research panels in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy using a self-report questionnaire that included general health information and a checklist of 36 symptoms. Stepwise regression was used to determine for each symptom how prevalence varied with age, indicators of menopausal hormonal changes, and the effects of other explanatory variables, including body mass index, morbidity, and country. Hierarchical clustering was used to group symptoms. RESULTS Six groups of symptoms were found, of which two groups, with seven symptoms in total, were related to markers of menopausal hormonal change: a group consisting of hot flashes and night sweats and a second group including poor memory;
Conviction subtype Taijin-Kyofu (c-TK) is a subgroup of mental disorder characterized by conviction and strong fear of offending others in social situations. Although the concept of c-TK overlaps with that of social anxiety disorder (SAD), patients with c-TK often may not be diagnosed as such within the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV criteria. We propose the Nagoya-Osaka criteria to amend this situation. This study examined the cross-cultural interrater reliability of the proposed criteria. Eighteen case vignettes of patients with a variety of complaints focused around social anxieties were collected from 6 different countries, and diagnosed by 13 independent raters from various nationalities according to the original DSM-IV and the expanded criteria. The average agreement ratio for the most frequent diagnostic category in each case was 61.5% with DSM-IV and 87.6% with the modified DSM-IV with Nagoya-Osaka criteria (p , 0.001). These findings indicate that ...
This study makes a unique contribution to the extant body of materialism research. It provides insight of materialism in modern China by applying the MGB and developing cognitive schemas. Two waves of survey were conducted. The first was conducted in both China and US in 1998. Respondents answered a qualitative motive elicitation part in the questionnaire and provided motives for choosing between a materialistic vs. a non-materialist lifestyle. 330 complete questionnaires were obtained in China and 362 in US. The second wave of survey was conducted in China in 2008 with 322 complete questionnaires collected. Respondents responded to an identical qualitative part for eliciting motives for lifestyle choice and a quantitative inventory of closed-ended questions measuring variable in the MGB. The findings showed that subjective norms, anticipated positive emotions and perceived behavioral control are significant predictors of desire and intentions to pursue a materialistic lifestyle for Chinese ...
This chapter summarizes the logic of comparative studies, and the work on Italian immigration to Buenos Aires and New York City from 1870 to 1914, and proposes what may be a coming agenda for immigration studies: a comparative typology of immigrant adjustment. It points out the need for more synthetic treatments that would historicize the experiences of all immigrating peoples. ...
Driving demands significant psychomotor attention and requires even more when drivers are engaged in secondary tasks that increase cognitive workload and divert attention. It is well established that age influences driving risk. Less is known about how culture impacts changes in attention. We conducted parallel driving simulations in the US and Korea to measure the extent to which age and culture influence dual-task performance. There were 135 participants divided into two groups: a younger group aged 20~29, and an older group aged 60~69. Whereas some differences by culture appeared in absolute control measures, the younger participants showed similar mean velocity and compensatory patterns associated with increased cognitive load in the urban setting; however, the results from the older samples were less similar. © 2010 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. ...
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A cross-cultural analysis of mortality patterns is of interest to biological anthropologists and genetic epidemiologists. In this paper, we examine four agricultural populations from Costa Rica, Hungary, and the United States in order to determine if they suffered from a cyclical distribution of epidemics. When possible, we look at the mortality time series of adults and children separately. Of the12 series, only 2 show significant epidemic cycles. Both are in the Hungarian groups and both affect subadults. Otherwise, the Costa Rica, U.S., and adult series of the Hungarian groups do not show any periodicity of mortality peaks. Our results indicate that epidemic cycles are not as ubiquitous in small agricultural groups as the literature would suggest.
This project investigated how potential entrepreneurs evaluate opportunities in the pre-startup phase of a new venture creation process. Based on Busenitz and Laus (1997) cross-cultural cognitive model of new venture ...
© The Author(s) 2019. Introduction: The shoulder is the leading site of musculoskeletal pain. Patient-reported outcomes, such as the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), allow us to assess shoulder pain in a clinical setting. Since the SPADI was developed in English, many cultures have cross-culturally adapted the SPADI for clinical use. The purpose of this review was to assess the translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedures and measurement properties of the adapted SPADI. Methods: A systematic review was performed on cultural adaptations of the SPADI accessible through MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and/or Google Scholar. Included were prospective cohort studies that used an adapted version of the SPADI. All studies were evaluated according to the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptations and the guidelines for measurement properties. Results: The search retrieved 19 studies that met the inclusion criteria. According to the recommended guidelines for cross-cultural adaptations, 16 studies
Visual object identification is modulated by perceptual experience. In a cross-cultural ERP study we investigated whether cultural expertise determines how buildings that vary in their ranking between high and low according to the Western architectural decorum are perceived. Two groups of German and Chinese participants performed an object classification task in which high- and low-ranking Western buildings had to be discriminated from everyday life objects. ERP results indicate that an early stage of visual object identification (i.e., object model selection) is facilitated for high-ranking buildings for the German participants, only. At a later stage of object identification, in which object knowledge is complemented by information from semantic and episodic long-term memory, no ERP evidence for cultural differences was obtained. These results suggest that the identification of architectural ranking is modulated by culturally specific expertise with Western-style architecture already at an ...
This study is one of the first studies to approach workplace bullying cross-culturally. It sought to compare employees understanding of workplace bullying in two different world regions: Central America and Southern Europe, regarding three aspects of workplace bullying: psychological vs. physical harassment, hierarchical vs. horizontal bullying, and direct vs. indirect aggression. A convenience sample of 246 workers provided their own definition of workplace bullying through a single, open-ended question. The results showed that employees from Central America emphasized the physical component of workplace bullying more than the Southern European employees. However, similarities in the conceptualization of workplace bullying across both cultures were found as well. Both Southern European and Central American employees defined workplace bullying mainly as a hierarchical phenomenon, where the aggression took the form of direct strategies. Such differences and similarities bring to the field some ...
During occupational therapy for children with autism, it is often necessary to elicit and maintain engagement for the children to benefit from the session. Recently, social robots have been used for this; however, existing robots lack the ability to autonomously recognize the childrens level of engagement, which is necessary when choosing an optimal interaction strategy. Progress in automated engagement reading has been impeded in part due to a lack of studies on child-robot engagement in autism therapy. While there are large individual differences within the autistic population, little is known about variation across cultures. We analyzed the engagement of children (age 3-13) from two different cultural backgrounds: Asia (Japan, n=17) and Eastern Europe (Serbia, n=19). The children participated in a 25 minute therapy session during which we studied the relationship between the childrens behavioural engagement (task-driven) and different facets of affective engagement (valence and arousal). Although
The Chinese government has announced the 2013 Guidelines for developing a national system for early detection of disability among children under 6 years of age. However, given limited resources, challenges exist with developmental measures required in the 2013 Guidelines. In order to meet the needs for a more accurate and cost-efficient measure for developmental assessment, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires:INVENTORY was translated into Simplified Chinese, and validated on a regional sample of 812 Chinese children ages from 1-25 months. Psychometric properties were examined; data from previous studies on the ASQ:INVENTORY in the U.S. were compared to identify differences between the two countries. Results indicated that the Chinese ASQ:INVENTORY was an instrument with sufficient internal consistency, reliability and validity. It was well accepted by parents and professionals in China. Findings suggested that the Chinese ASQ:INVENTORY provides a promising alternative measure for screening and ...
The most neglected sections of the newer communities; men learned English at work, children at school, but housebound women were apparently not being reached. 4. The classes would teach everyday functional English to enable the women to make use of the amenities available in their neighbourhood, and to give them the means of relating to daily life in this country. (Grant, 1993, in NATECLA News 41:7) It was their (volunteers, mostly middle-class women like Ruth Hayman) concern for these largely rural, non-English speaking and often illiterate in their own mother tongue, immigrants and their determination to do something to help them which completely transformed the entire ethos of ESOL teachingfrom being provided by a bureaucracy indifferent to the immigrants lot. This rise of English and English consciousness among the Anglo-Saxons and their supporters also signalled the subordination of the indigenous Celtic mother tongues. Once English became the court language, and language teachers began to ...
On the afternoon of 18th February 2016, Australia China Economics Trade & Culture Association (ACETCA) donated scholarship to Western Sydeny University. Ms. Deborah Carr, Mr. Serhat Abdurazak, Directors, Office of Advancement & Alumni, Stella Wang and student representatives from Western Sydney University attended the donation ceremony. Dr. Ven Tan, Standing Deputy Chairman of ACETCA hosted the ceremony on behalf of the association. Dr. Ven Tan firstly provided all a brief introduction of the association to the attendees and highlighted the cultural exchange and youth nurturing programs run by ACETCA. He said that it was one of the most important missions for ACETCA to enhance cultural exchange ...
Children and adults speaking English, Hungarian, and Italian were asked to describe sets of pictures which manipulated the pragmatic category of givenness. The working hypothesis was that there exist rule-governed relations between the perception of certain categorical aspects of the communicative situation and the use of certain conventional linguistic devices. A set of predictions regarding the use of eight linguistic devices was derived from Prague School functionalist theory. The results indicated: (1) very early learning of the pragmatic function of the devices, (2) differentiation with age in the absolute level of use of the devices, (3) differences in the relations of the various devices to the manipulation of givenness, and (4) baseline effects in the use of the devices. (Author/CLK)
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Este Blogue tem como objectivo a discussão da violência em geral e da guerra na Pré-História em particular. A Arqueologia da Península Ibérica tem aqui especial relevo. Esperamos cruzar dados de diferentes campos do conhecimento com destaque para a Antropologia Social. As críticas construtivas são bem vindas neste espaço, que se espera, de conhecimento ...
Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 560-578 Galesic, M., & Garcia-Retamero, R. (2011). Graph literacy: A cross-cultural comparison ...
"Cross Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationships". World Cultures. 17 (1): 1-19. McDowell, Nancy (1977). "The Meaning of ' ... Kurland, Milton (1953). "Romantic Love and Economic Considerations: a Cultural Comparison". Journal of Educational Sociology. ...
Galesic, M.; Garcia-Retamero, R. (2010). "Graph Literacy: A Cross-Cultural Comparison". Medical Decision Making. 31 (3): 444- ... Biological secondary abilities are attained through personal experiences and cultural customs, such as reading or high level ... and not to be the result of individual learning or cultural transmission. They are: Approximate representation of numerical ...
1987). Scientific Colonialism: A Cross Cultural Comparison. Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 9780874747850. Secord, J. A. ( ... Pyenson L (1993). "Cultural Imperialism and Exact Sciences revisited". ISIS. 84 (1): 10-108. Bibcode:1993Isis...84..103P. doi: ... Such notions have been compared to cultural imperialism, and to a rigid and intolerant form of intellectual monotheism. Medical ... Antiscience Antireductionism Cultural imperialism Experimental political science Imperialism Scientism Imperialism, the Highest ...
ISBN 0-300-03066-5. Polygyny and democracy: a cross-cultural comparison. Cross-Cultural Research, 34/2 (2000), 190-208. ... Unilineal descent organization and deep Christianization: A cross-cultural comparison. Cross-Cultural Research, 37/1 (2003), ... Korotayev, A. (2003). Christianity and democracy: A cross-cultural study (afterthoughts). World Cultures, 13(2), 195-212. ...
Yum, Y. K.; Hara, K. (2005). "Computer-mediated relationship development: A cross-cultural comparison". Journal of Computer- ... comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives. A major factor of disclosure is an individual calculation in direct ... "A person's comparison level (CL) is the threshold above which an outcome seems attractive". That is, when groups fall above the ... The first standard that we use to evaluate the outcomes of a situation is comparison level (CL). As defined by Thibaut and ...
1989). A Cross-cultural Comparison Of Self-monitoring. Communication Research Reports, 6(1), 7-12. Caldwell (1981) Bem & Allen ... In comparison to low self-monitors, high self monitors participate in more expressive control and have concern for situational ... Bikhchandani, S.; Hirshleifer, D. and Welch, I. (1992), A Theory of Fads, Fashion, Custom, and Cultural Change as Informational ... A factorial comparison among Mexicans, Mexican Americans and Anglo Americans. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 8, 225- ...
Fiadotau, Mikhail (2017). "Indie and dōjin games: a cross-cultural comparison". Proceedings of the Digital Games Research ... Fiadotau, Mikhail (2019). "Indie and Dōjin Games: A Multilayered Cross-Cultural Comparison" (PDF). Gamevironments. 10: 34-84. ... Izushi, Hiro; Aoyama, Yuko (2006). "Industry evolution and cross-sectoral skill transfers: a comparative analysis of the video ... Parker, Felan; Whitson, Jennifer R; Simon, Bart (2017). "Megabooth: The cultural intermediation of indie games". New Media & ...
LaDuke, Betty (1991). "Women Portray Women: African Roots and Cross-Cultural Comparison". In Blandy, Douglas Emerson; Congdon, ... In 1989, she was posthumously honored with the Rubén Darío Order of Cultural Independence. In August 2003 the Nicaraguan ... Her paintings have been widely exhibited in collaborations by the Cultural Institute of Nicaragua with art galleries, ... a fine arts cultural event sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, as a tribute to Beer. Twenty artists from Nicaragua were ...
... a cross-cultural comparison". Eur J Public Health. 18 (2): 115-20. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckm032. PMID 17584733. Yeung JM, ... Other natural chemicals which commonly cause reactions and cross reactivity include amines, nitrates, sulphites and some ...
"A cross-cultural comparison of attitudes toward marital infidelity". International Journal of Comparative Sociology. 3 (1): 124 ... A Cross-Cultural Perspective by Anne Buckmaster, William Jankowiak, M. Diane Nell; Ethnology, Vol. 41, PART 1, pages 85-100 ... Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 16 (4): 423-46. doi:10.1177/0022002185016004002. S2CID 145376600. Harris, Christine R.; ... Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 16 (4): 423-46. doi:10.1177/0022002185016004002. S2CID 145376600. Vandello, Joseph A.; ...
"Cross-cultural Comparisons of Online Collaboration". Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 8 (1). doi:10.1111/j.1083- ... CSCL environments are generally valued for the potential to promote collaboration in cross-cultural learning communities. Based ... "A crosscultural study of group process and development in online conferences". Distance Education. 22 (1): 85-121. doi:10.1080 ... A "multiple cultural model" of instructional design emphasizes variability and flexibility in the process of designing for ...
Daley, Ellen; Noland, Virginia (2001). "Intimate Partner Violence in College Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparison". The ... Sanday, Peggy Reeves (1981-10-01). "The Socio-Cultural Context of Rape: A Cross-Cultural Study". Journal of Social Issues. 37 ( ... Social Science and Medicine (in press). Rozée, Patricia (1993). "Forbidden or forgiven? Rape in cross-cultural perspective". ... Kalra, Gurvinder; Bhugra, Dinesh (2013-07-01). "Sexual violence against women: Understanding cross-cultural intersections". ...
Unilineal Descent Groups and Deep Christianization: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. ... The cross is currently the most common symbol of Christianity, and has been for many centuries, coming to prominence during the ... During the Reconquista and the Crusades, the cross served the symbolic function of possession that a flag would occupy today. ... Reformatting native religious and cultural activities and beliefs into a Christianized form was officially sanctioned; ...
Barnum, C. M., & Li, H. (2006). Chinese and American technical communication: A cross-cultural comparison of differences. ... The Cultural revolution, which sought to remove perceived "bourgeois" influences and attitudes, caused large negative effects ... was a strong promoter of S&T and reversed the policies of the Cultural revolution. The Soviet inspired system was then ...
Campbell, Scott W. (30 June 2016). "A cross-cultural comparison of perceptions and uses of mobile telephony". New Media & ... Shuter, Robert; Chattopadhyay, Sumana (4 December 2013). "A cross-national study of cultural values and contextual norms of ... Katz and Aakhus advanced the concept of Apparatgeist by identifying several cross-cultural trends in the adoption, use and ... expects some persistence of cultural variations. Campbell's study "suggest that cultural values may influence the norms of ...
A cross cultural comparison" (PDF). Oxford Univ. p. 101. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-01-04. ...
Scheibe, S.; Blanchard-Fields, F.; Wiest, M.; Freund, A. M. (2011). "Is longing only for Germans? A cross-cultural comparison ... In a cross-cultural study conducted to determine whether the German concept of Sehnsucht could be generalized to the United ...
Cross-cultural, age, and sex comparison". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 46 (1): 139-149. doi:10.1037/0022-006X ...
Mischel, Walter (1961). "Father absence and delay of gratification: Cross-cultural comparisons". Journal of Abnormal and Social ...
A Global Comparison" (PDF). Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 48 (4): 577-592. doi:10.1177/0022022117698039. ISSN 0022-0221 ... Realizing and recognizing these cultural differences improves cross-cultural understanding, and helps eliminate discomfort ... The main cultural difference in proxemics is that residents of the United States like to keep more open space between ... The cultural practices of the United States show considerable similarities to those in northern and central European regions, ...
F. Biadsy; A. Rosenberg; R. Carlson; J. Hirschberg; E. Strangert (2008). "A Cross-cultural Comparison of American, Palestinian ... Z. Xia; R. Levitan; J. Hirschberg (2014). "Prosodic Entrainment in Mandarin and English: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison". Speech ... V. Soto; L. Mangu; A. Rosenberg; J. Hirschberg (2014). "A Comparison of Multiple Methods for Rescoring Keyword Search Lists for ...
Zdun, Steffen (2008). "Violence in street culture: Cross-cultural comparison of youth groups and criminal gangs". New ...
Livio, o. (2010). Performing the nation: A cross-cultural comparison of idol shows in four countries. in A. Hetsroni (ed.), ... audience of cultural studies?". European Journal of Cultural Studies. 5 (2): 199-215. doi:10.1177/1364942002005002159. S2CID ... In India, in the summer of 2007, coverage of the third season of Indian Idol focused on the breaking down of cultural and ... Prigge, Matt (January 3, 2007). "Jackass Number Two... the year's best, most twisted cross-over documentary-and don't forget it ...
the traditional anthropological project of cross-cultural or cross-societal comparison Bernard, H. Russell (2002). Research ... Accepting other cultures in their own terms moderates reductionism in cross-cultural comparison. This project is often ... By making comparisons across cultural traditions (time-based) and cultural regions (space-based), anthropologists have ... Cultural anthropology, in particular, has emphasized cultural relativism, holism, and the use of findings to frame cultural ...
A cross-cultural comparison". Empirical Text and Culture Research. 4: 90-101. Gruehn, D.; Scheibe, S (2008). "Age-related ... Lohani, M.; Gupta, R.; Srinivasan, N. (2013). "Cross-Cultural Evaluation of the International Affective Picture System on an ... "Adding support to cross-cultural emotional assessment: validation of the international affective picture system in a chilean ... comparison of the affective ratings for new stimuli between brazilian and north-american subjects". Jornal Brasileiro de ...
Kim, Wolfson; Pearce, W. Barnett (1983). "A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of The Implications Of Self-Disclosure On Conversational ... This is where messages in communication can have disparities in their meaning due to cross-cultural or contextual disclosure ... Especially when people situated in the bi-cultural or multi-cultural situation have identified a number of specific acts which ... To some extent, during communication, individuals act in accordance with their cultural values. While we often don't even ...
Soley, G.; Hannon, E. E. (2010). "Infants prefer the musical meter of their own culture: A cross-cultural comparison". ... In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of ... Music was an important part of social and cultural life in ancient Greece. Musicians and singers played a prominent role in ... The study of music of non-Western cultures, and the cultural study of music, is called ethnomusicology. Students can pursue the ...
A cross-cultural comparison". Developmental Psychology. 46 (1): 286-292. doi:10.1037/a0017555. PMID 20053025. S2CID 2868086. ... "The Cultural Connection". UUA.org. 10 December 2011. Balkwill, L.; Thompson, W. F. (1999). "A cross-cultural investigation of ... Kwoun, S. (2009). "An examination of cue redundancy theory in cross-cultural decoding of emotions in music". Journal of Music ... Nan, Y.; Knosche, T. R.; Zysset, S.; Friederici, A. D. (2008). "Cross-cultural music phrase processing: An fMRI study". Human ...
Soley, Gaye; Hannon, Erin E. (2010). "Infants prefer the musical meter of their own culture: A cross-cultural comparison". ... ISBN 978-0-19-929845-7. Thompson, William Forde; Balkwill, Laura-Lee (2010). "Cross-cultural similarities and differences". In ... Snyder, Bob (2009). "Memory for music". In Hallam, Susan; Cross, Ian; Thaut, Michael (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Music ... Ockelford, Adam (2009). "Beyond music psychology". In Hallam, Susan; Cross, Ian; Thaut, Michael (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of ...
a b c Cross Currents. Labor unions in Japan. CULCON. Retrieved 11 June 2011 ... Teachers, nurses, social workers, professors and cultural workers (those employed in museums, orchestras and art galleries) all ... which is relatively small in comparison to the first two with a little under 290 thousand members.[21] The ACLVB-CGSLB was ... Unions may organize a particular section of skilled workers (craft unionism),[3] a cross-section of workers from various trades ...
Swiss German), shifts cultural influence from the Spanish domain to the Portuguese. Although it is difficult to clarify the ... Amostra comparativa - Comparison between Galician, Portuguese and Brazilian-Portuguese pronunciation (with sound files) ( ... "Talking at cross-purposes? The missing link between feminist linguistics and translation studies". Gender and Language ... as an acknowledgement of the cultural and linguistic unity of Galicia and Portugal during the Middle Ages, as the two ...
Cultural differences in self-perception[edit]. Studies of the Dunning-Kruger effect usually have been of North Americans, but ... How perceptions of difficulty drive miscalibration in relative comparisons". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. ... How Perceptions of Difficulty Drive Miscalibration in Relative Comparisons (2006) investigated three studies that manipulated ... studies of Japanese people suggest that cultural forces have a role in the occurrence of the effect.[14] The study Divergent ...
Comparisons with Medicare[edit]. Unlike Medicaid, Medicare is a social insurance program funded at the federal level[46] and ... Differences between states are often influenced by the political ideologies of the state and cultural beliefs of the general ... Special rules apply to several limited noncitizen categories: certain "cross-border" American Indians, Hmong/Highland Laotians ... in comparison to projections of ACA subsidies. Additionally, CBO estimates predicted the number of uninsured rising under AHCA ...
Nearly all of our knowledge of Paleolithic human culture and way of life comes from archaeology and ethnographic comparisons to ... a group of humans crossed Beringia and quickly expanded throughout the Americas.[9] ... Other cultural. *Astronomy *sites. *lunar calendar. *Behavioral modernity. *Origin of language *trepanning ...
They form over water similarly to mesocyclonic tornadoes, or are stronger tornadoes which cross over water. Since they form ... By comparison, during the same tornado outbreak, more than 2000 homes were completely destroyed, with another 7000 damaged, and ... Cultural significance of tornadoes. *Cyclone. *Derecho. *List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks ... Tornadoes have been known to cross major rivers, climb mountains,[120] affect valleys, and have damaged several city centers. ...
Such comparisons will not reflect favorably on chiropractic. PCP: primary care providers. ... Cross KM, Kuenze C, Grindstaff TL, Hertel J (September 2011). "Thoracic spine thrust manipulation improves pain, range of ... Villanueva-Russell Y (June 2011). "Caught in the crosshairs: identity and cultural authority within chiropractic". Soc Sci Med ... For chiropractors to describe themselves as PCP diagnosticians is to invite comparisons to other PC diagnosticians, i.e., ...
Comparison of poodle sizes defined by major kennel clubs[50]. Size The Kennel Club (UK) Australian National Kennel Council New ... Cultural visibility. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable ... A cross between a shedding breed and a poodle (which does not shed much) does not reliably produce a nonshedding dog. Traits of ... Poodles are crossed with other breeds for various reasons, and the resulting puppies (called designer dogs) are described by ...
Frans Theuws, Nico Roymans (eds.), Land and ancestors: cultural dynamics in the Urnfield period and the Middle Ages in the ... Other vessels include cups of beaten sheet-bronze with riveted handles (type Jenišovice) and large cauldrons with cross ... The number of settlements increased sharply in comparison with the preceding tumulus culture. Unfortunately, few have been ... has suggested that the observed cultural associations may be in fact partly explained as the result of a new kind of warfare ...
Along with cultural taboos, parental education and awareness of inbreeding consequences have played large roles in minimizing ... Many of the traits that affect profitability in crosses of modern dairy breeds have not been studied in designed experiments. ... "Comparison of inbreeding and outbreeding in hermaphroditic Arianta arbustorum (L.) (land snail)". Heredity. 71 (5): 456-461. ... There is no clear distinction between the two terms, but linebreeding may encompass crosses between individuals and their ...
Social and cultural aspects. Toilet training. Babies have little socialized control over urination within traditions or ... Examples (depending on circumstances) include activities such as camping, hiking, cross country running, rural fishing, amateur ... "Urine marking and urination in Lemur catta: a comparison of design features" (PDF). Annales Zoologici Fennici. 43: 280-284. ... "Intersex Surgery, Female Genital Cutting, and the Selective Condemnation of "Cultural Practices"" (PDF). Retrieved 10 February ...
Valentino, R. E. (2006). Attitudes towards cross-cultural empathy in music therapy. Music Therapy Perspectives, 24(2), 108-114. ... Jones, J. D. (2005). A comparison of songwriting and lyric analysis techniques to evoke emotional change in a single session ... Cultural aspectsEdit. Music has been looked upon for centuries as an accompaniment to rituals and cultural traditions. Michael ... the field could be better served with some further cross-cultural training. Melody Schwantes and her colleagues wrote an ...
Cross-Cultural Research. 34: 375-389. doi:10.1177/10693971000340040 (inactive 2019-06-11).. ... Comparisons with imitation[edit]. Observational learning is presumed to have occurred when an organism copies an improbable ... Cultural variation[edit]. Cultural variation can be seen by the extent of information learned or absorbed by children in non- ... Researchers cross-fostered eggs between nests of blue tits and great tits and observed the resulting behavior through audio- ...
Immigrants found a strong social and cultural tolerance toward inter-racial marriage, including large numbers of Mulattoes ( ... who formed expeditions that crossed the interior of Brazil and greatly increased the Portuguese colonial territory. The main ... "Meta-analysis of Brazilian genetic admixture and comparison with other Latin America countries". American Journal of Human ... By Clifford Pereira, in Proceedings of the 2nd Asia-Pacific regional Conference on Underwater Cultural Heritage. Ed. Hans Van ...
Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint James of the Sword. *Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal ... He also noted how, in comparison to the Constitutional Court's 2001 acquittal of Thaksin, the judiciary was a much more ... Thai cultural restoration. *Siamese coup d'état of 1947. *Korean War. *Army General Staff Plot ... Knights Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic ...
Snowfalls are more frequent in comparison to the coast, but less so in comparison to higher ground.[10] It experiences the ... The main access for students from the north is the Cross Country Route. Around 33% of native South West students stay in the ... It has been argued that the official South West region does not possess a cultural and historic unity or identity of itself, ... In comparison to inland areas, the coast experiences high minimum temperatures, especially in winter, and it experiences ...
This stems from society investing differences with cultural and social meaning. Gendered work patterns may make their marks on ... However, based on a comparison of foragers from Oakhurst to agriculturalists from K2 and Mapungubwe, Steyn believes that ... of different recording protocols for entheseal changes in regards to expressing activity patterns using archival data and cross ... Aspects of the relationship between the physical body and socio-cultural conditions and practices can be recognized through the ...
Many of the Jews fled to the Balkan peninsula, where a few decades before Ottoman Turks had won a victory over the Cross. ... "The Jews in Late Ancient Rome: Evidence of Cultural Interaction in the Roman Diaspora". Retrieved 1 August 2018.. ... Jews and Christians experienced unusually robust cultural and social interactions, especially as the Jews increasingly aligned ...
Universalism vs cultural relativism. Main articles: Cultural relativism, Moral relativism, Moral universalism, and Universal ... Forsythe, David P. (2005). The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0- ... means of implementation in comparison to other treaty bodies.[35] Particular difficulties noted by commentators include: ... Hershock, Peter D; Ames, R.T.; Stepaniants, M. (eds). Technology and Cultural Values on the Edge of the Third Millennium. ( ...
"In Edward Lipiński (ed.). The Land of Israel: Cross-roads of Civilizations : Proceedings of the Conference Held in Brussels ... Whereas Aegean cultural influence cannot be denied, the continuity with the Late Bronze traditions in Philistia has ... and since 1873 comparisons were drawn between them and to the Aegean "Pelasgians."[40][41] Archaeological research to date has ... Mycenean influence in the material cultural traditions of coastal Canaan in the early Iron Age, in addition to that of Egyptian ...
East Cross Route Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine (Chris's British Road Directory) accessed 23 October 2007 ... By comparison, in 1801 the population of England and Wales was 9 million; by 1851 it had more than doubled to 18 million, and ... Newland, Paul (2008). The Cultural Construction of London's East End. Amsterdam: Rodopi. ISBN 9789042024540. .. ... In 1829, the Metropolitan Police Force was formed, with a remit to patrol within 7 miles (11 km) of Charing Cross, with a force ...
In comparison the modern value is circa ​299,792 km s−1⁄29.8 km s−1 ≈ 10,100.[27] ... Press and Cultural Relations Department, Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. pp. 661-. About the year 1700, the ... to cross] a distance equal to the half-diameter of the terrestrial orbit.[23] ... which may be interpreted as the time necessary for the light to cross a distance equal to the diameter of the Earth's orbit, H ...
On the left is a diagram of the lungs and airways with an inset showing a detailed cross-section of normal bronchioles and ... Chest X-ray demonstrating severe COPD: Note the small heart size in comparison to the lungs. ... depending often on social and cultural factors.[22] In severe COPD, vigorous coughing may lead to rib fractures or to a brief ... On the right are lungs damaged by COPD with an inset showing a cross-section of damaged bronchioles and alveoli. ...
Norton, Rictor (1997). The Myth of the Modern Homosexual: Queer History and the Search for Cultural Unity, Cassell. ISBN 0-304- ... Cross-gender roles and marriage between women has also been recorded in over 30 African societies.[155] Women may marry other ... Homosexuals began to draw comparisons between their newly recognized minority status and that of African Americans.[93] Among ... Munt, Sally R. (1998). Heroic Desire: Lesbian Identity and Cultural Space (1st ed.). New York University Press. ISBN 978- ...
The second dimension (vertical or y-axis) picks up attitudes on cross-cutting, salient issues of the day (which include or have ... On other votes, however, a second dimension (which has recently come to represent attitudes on cultural and lifestyle issues) ... which permit direct comparisons between members of different Congresses across time), political scientists have demonstrated ...
John Warren (2005). "War and the Cultural Heritage of Iraq: a sadly mismanaged affair", Third World Quarterly, Volume 26, Issue ... There are also several main cross-disciplinary and more specialized fields of chemistry.[76] ... Comparison of software for molecular mechanics modeling. *Glossary of chemistry terms. *International Year of Chemistry ... and Cultural Organization and involves chemical societies, academics, and institutions worldwide and relied on individual ...
In comparison, the indigestible polysaccharide cellulose is also a beta-glucan, but is not soluble because of its (1→4)-beta-D- ... oats products are frequently cross-contaminated with other gluten-containing cereals during grain harvesting, transport, ... Photo: Axel Lindahl/Norwegian Museum of Cultural History). Harvest techniques are a matter of available equipment, local ...
1995). "Sexual selection, physical attractiveness, and facial neoteny: Cross-cultural evidence and implications [and comments ... an example of this would be a comparison of the tiger salamander and the rough-skinned newt, both of which retain gills into ... This trend can be seen in the comparison of salamander species of lower and higher altitudes. The neotenous individuals have ...
Cross-cultural studies have found that in-group derogation, the tendency to criticize members of one's own group or culture ... Hogg, Michael A.; Terry, Deborah J.; White, Katherine M. (1995-01-01). "A Tale of Two Theories: A Critical Comparison of ... Studies have shown that in-group favoritism arises as a result of the formation of cultural groups.[3][4] These cultural groups ... Formation of cultural groups[edit]. Studies have shown that in-group favoritism arises endogenously, through the formation of ...
Cross-cultural miscommunicationEdit. According to Michael Walsh and Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Western conversational interaction is ... The initial comparison of the mitochondrial DNA from the skeleton known as Lake Mungo 3 (LM3) with that of ancient and modern ... Walsh, Michael (1997), Cross cultural communication problems in Aboriginal Australia, Australian National University, North ... Music has formed an integral part of the social, cultural and ceremonial observances of people through the millennia of their ...
Cross-cultural comparison of evolution & God. Posted by Razib Khan on December 14, 2008 ...
Our Promise: Welcome to Care2, the worlds largest community for good. Here, youll find over 45 million like-minded people working towards progress, kindness, and lasting impact.. Care2 Stands Against: bigots, bullies, science deniers, misogynists, gun lobbyists, xenophobes, the willfully ignorant, animal abusers, frackers, and other mean people. If you find yourself aligning with any of those folks, you can move along, nothing to see here.. Care2 Stands With: humanitarians, animal lovers, feminists, rabble-rousers, nature-buffs, creatives, the naturally curious, and people who really love to do the right thing ...
Cross-Cultural Comparison of Postoperative Discharge Opioid Prescribing After Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery.. Young JD1, Bhashyam ... The extent of variation in analgesic prescribing following musculoskeletal injury among countries and cultural contexts is ...
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Japanese Communication Styles: Focusing on Small Group Discussion ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. ... The health of youth: a cross-national survey: a report of the 1993-94 survey of health behaviour in school-aged children: a WHO ... cross-national study  World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; King, Alan; Wold, Bente; Tudor-Smith, Chris; ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R ... Cross-cultural analysis of relationships of health indicators across Europe : first results based on the EUROHIS project : ...
Differences in Dominican and American child raising culture. Looking back at this, it strikes me as being amazing how big of a difference how the mothers in the Dominican Republic
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA: 10.4018/ijegr.2014040104: Electronic ... "A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA," International Journal of Electronic ... "A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA." IJEGR 10.2 (2014): 43-59. Web. 19 Mar. ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Electronic Government Adoption in Spain and the USA. Ramón Rufín (Marketing Research Group, ...
Personality assessment in personnel selection using the MMPI-2: A cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Clinical ...
Cross-Cultural Comparison Cross-Sectional Studies Female Health Surveys Humans Male Middle Aged Panic Disorder - diagnosis - ... Cross-Cultural Comparison Female Humans Massage Medicine, Traditional Pregnancy Risk Rural Health - trends Sweden Thailand ... Cross-Cultural Comparison Female Health Personnel - psychology Humans Italy Pregnancy Students - psychology Sweden PubMed ID. ... Cross-Cultural Comparison Culture Female Humans Male Mental Healing - psychology Mental health Prisoners - psychology Religion ...
... Biadsy, Fadi Dpt of ... appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. We compare results of five studies of charisma speech in which ...
... Talha, Sanaa ... cross cultural differences in Norway and Pakistan. Form that analysis on the different consumer ... It is a cross cultural study that will compare and contrast the selection ... The criteria used were based on the several cultural traits recognized as well as clothing values. The clothing values are ...
Healthcare Providers Perspectives on Occupational Exposure to HIV: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Moazzam Ali Zaidi1*, Robin ... Healthcare providers perspectives on occupational exposure to HIV: A cross-cultural comparison ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison. J AIDS Clinic Res 3:179. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000179 ... By comparison, HCP in NZ viewed HIV to be primarily associated with homosexuality - a group of people not significantly ...
Cross-Cultural Comparisons between Japan and Korea. The lack of cultural difference on other-focused relational self in the ... Leung, K., and Bond, M. H. (1989). On the empirical identification of dimensions for cross-cultural comparisons. J. Cross. Cult ... Cross-Cultural Comparison of Self-Construal and Well-Being between Japan and South Korea: The Role of Self-Focused and Other- ... Citation: Park J, Norasakkunkit V and Kashima Y (2017) Cross-Cultural Comparison of Self-Construal and Well-Being between Japan ...
Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Academic Cheating Research-Cross-Cultural Comparison. Submitted by KBL781 on ... Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Academic Cheating Research-Cross-Cultural Comparison. ... cross-cultural comparison; Author-Supplied Keyword: theory of planned behavior; Number of Pages: 22p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram ... Significant cross-cultural differences were found and discussed. Notes. Chudzicka-Czupała, Agata 1 Grabowski, Damian 1 Mello, ...
... *Making Parents. *Parenting cultures and risk management in plural Norway *Conference: Parenting and ... Cross-cultural comparison. A trend toward whats been called "intensive" (Hays, 1996) or "paranoid" (Furedi, 2002) parenting ... International Conference June 2016: Parenting and Personhood: Cross-cultural perspectives on expertise, family life and risk ... Cross-cultural perspectives on family-life, expertise, and risk management *Accommodation ...
Direct short-term effects of EBP teaching: change in knowledge, not in attitude; a cross-cultural comparison among students ... To assess the change in knowledge and attitudes, we used the paired t-test in the comparison of scores before and after the ... UMCU students achieved the highest pre-module scores in all subscales compared to UI and UM with the comparison of average (SD ...
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Psychological Differences between College Students and Drug Addicts in New Orleans and San Juan. ... Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Drug Abuse, Drug Addiction, Higher Education, ... It is clear, however, that cultural differences (differences between cities) are less common than are population differences or ...
Examination of the results indicates cross-cultural similarities and differences with regard to both the definition and ... A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Five Countries. ... Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Context, Cultural ... Examination of the results indicates cross-cultural similarities and differences with regard to both the definition and ...
... Ali Brian, Farid Bardid ... "Cross-cultural Comparison of Fundamental Motor Skills in Children from Belgium and the United States." In Journal of Sport & ... "Cross-cultural Comparison of Fundamental Motor Skills in Children from Belgium and the United States." Journal of Sport & ... Brian A, Bardid F, Barnett L, Deconinck F, Lenoir M, Goodway J. Cross-cultural comparison of fundamental motor skills in ...
Consumer perceived value of salon hair coloring : a cross-cultural comparison of Gen Y cohorts in China and the United States. ... Consumer perceived value of salon hair coloring : a cross-cultural comparison of Gen Y cohorts in China and the United States. ... study may be useful to apply in CPV studies looking at other product categories and other age demographics in other cultural ...
... cultural comparison between Egypt and the USA, Gender in Management: An International Journal" on DeepDyve, the largest online ... cultural comparison between Egypt and the USA. Sex stereotyping managerial positions A crosscultural comparison between Egypt ... Sex stereotyping managerial positions A crosscultural comparison between Egypt and the USA. Abdel Moneim Elsaid; Eahab Elsaid ... Elsaid, M.A., & Elsaid, E. (2012). Sex stereotyping managerial positions A crosscultural comparison between Egypt and the USA ...
Are Modern Chinese Getting More Materialistic?: a Study of Materialism With Longitude and Cross-Cultural Comparisons Chunyan ... The finding of a cross cultural comparison implies further development of materialism measures needs to cover social influence ... a Study of Materialism With Longitude and Cross-Cultural Comparisons ", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 39, eds. ... A longitude comparison of Chinese materialists shows the development of materialism with increasing affluence. ...
... properties of the German Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and its potential for cross-cultural comparisons: a cross- ... However, our comparison of instrument dimensionality across different language versions indicates limitations concerning cross- ... Cross-sectional multicentre study to establish psychometric properties of German version of the survey instrument. ... Psychometric properties (eg, model fit, internal consistency, construct validity) of the instrument and comparison of ...
Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships:A comparison of Chinese ... Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships:A comparison of Chinese ... PDF (Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships) - Draft Version ... Cross-cultural researchers have questioned the extent to which European- American management practices can be transported to ...
THE THREE DIMENSIONAL WISDOM SCALE IN CROSS-CULTURAL CONTEXT: A comparison between American and Slovak college students. ... In sum, this cross-cultural explorative research suggests that the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, consisting of internally ...
The Effects of Receptacle on the Expected Flavor of a Colored Beverage: Cross-Cultural Comparison Among French, Japanese, and ... The Effects of Receptacle on the Expected Flavor of a Colored Beverage: Cross-Cultural Comparison Among French, Japanese, and ...
"Cross-Cultural Comparison". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. * 0-9 ...
DESIGN This was a cross-sectional survey of 4,517 women ages 20 to 70 years recruited from market research panels in the United ... a cross-cultural comparison of women aged 20 to 70 years.. *. Lorraine Dennerstein, Philippe Lehert, Patricia E. Koochaki, ... Overview of methods used in cross-cultural comparisons of menopausal symptoms and their determinants: Guidelines for ... a cross-cultural comparison of women aged 20 to 70 years.}, author={Lorraine Dennerstein and Philippe Lehert and Patricia E. ...
A cross-cultural comparison of British and Chinese beliefs about the causes, behaviour manifestations and treatment of ... A cross-cultural comparison of British and Chinese beliefs about the causes, behaviour manifestations and treatment of ... A cross-cultural comparison of British and Chinese beliefs about the causes, behaviour manifestations and treatment of ...
  • Furthermore, results provided evidence for cross-cultural differences in academic satisfaction. (arctichealth.org)
  • The study will explain the cross cultural differences in Norway and Pakistan. (bibsys.no)
  • Significant cross-cultural differences were found and discussed. (iit.edu)
  • A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Psychological Differences between College Students and Drug Addicts in New Orleans and San Juan. (ed.gov)
  • It is clear, however, that cultural differences (differences between cities) are less common than are population differences or interactions between populations and cities. (ed.gov)
  • Differences have been found between the Italian and Polish samples, both in the percentage of individuals with orthorexic behaviours as suggested by an ORTO 15 score below the cutoff, and in the mean ORTO 15 scores in the AN and HC groups, suggesting cross-cultural differences in orthorexic behaviours, whose meaning is currently difficult to understand. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The second aim was to assess the possible cross-cultural differences in orthorexic behaviours between Italian and Polish women, both with and without a diagnosis of AN. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Comparisons between male and female age preferences revealed differences both within each culture as well as between Germany and the United States. (cornellcollege.edu)
  • The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. (edu.au)
  • Two studies were conducted in West Germany and the United States to investigate cultural similarities and differences on features of personality assessed through act frequency methods. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • Cultural Differences in Conducting Intra- and Inter-Cultural Negotiations: A Sino-Canadian Comparison ," Journal of International Business Studies , Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 25(3), pages 537-555, September. (repec.org)
  • The extent of variation in analgesic prescribing following musculoskeletal injury among countries and cultural contexts is poorly understood. (nih.gov)
  • To what extent is this a global trend, or something confined to specific class or cultural-based milieus in specific contexts? (kent.ac.uk)
  • Results of this study can be considered in interpreting findings across national contexts, in further refinement of the instrument for cross-national studies and in better understanding the various facets and dimensions of patient safety culture. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, and in different cultural contexts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. (edu.au)
  • As academic institutions and corporations in the increasingly multicultural world seek to acquire talent from across the globe, can they assume that passion is an equally strong predictor of achievement across cultural contexts? (pnas.org)
  • 3. Understanding the cross-fertilization between behavioural biology, psychology, the humanities and anthropology. (rug.nl)
  • Hofstede's work established a major research tradition in cross-cultural psychology and has also been drawn upon by researchers and consultants in many fields relating to international business and communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theory has been widely used in several fields as a paradigm for research, particularly in cross-cultural psychology , international management, and cross-cultural communication . (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 42(4), 543-565. (york.ac.uk)
  • The study is an intercultural comparison of the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior (original and modified versions) to predict students' intentions for academic cheating. (iit.edu)
  • 2016. "Cross-cultural Comparison of Fundamental Motor Skills in Children from Belgium and the United States. (ugent.be)
  • St. Dennis, Victoria, "(Un)Covering the Nipple: A Cross--cultural Comparison of Decisions Around Breastfeeding" (2016). (skidmore.edu)
  • Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies. (afworo.org)
  • Adolescent and Parental Reactions to Puberty in Nigeria and Kenya: A Cross-Cultural and Intergenerational Comparison. (afworo.org)
  • Partial contents: Cultural Factors Affecting Urban Mexican Male Homosexual Behavior / Joseph M. Carrier -- Subject Honor and Object Shame: The Construction of Male Homosexuality and Stigma in Nicaragua / Roger N. Lancaster -- Stigma Transformation and Relexification: "Gay" in Latin America / Stephen O. Murray and Manuel Arboleda G. -- Sentimental Effusions of Genital Contact in Upper Amazonia / Stephen O. Murray. (uchicago.edu)
  • A course in sociology or anthropology that emphasizes foundational principles of the cultural basis of behavior and carries MCS-D or MCS-G credit. (stolaf.edu)
  • This study uses a cross-cultural comparison to assess the fundamentals of e-government adoption in the United States (USA) and Spain. (igi-global.com)
  • The study aims at understanding what are the cultural factors that affect the selection criteria of casual clothes among women. (bibsys.no)
  • Markus and Kitayama's (1991) original proposals of two distinct ways, independent self and interdependent self, made a dramatic impact on the study of culture and self, illuminating cultural diversity in how the self is construed in relation with others (i.e., autonomy-oriented vs. relatedness-oriented). (frontiersin.org)
  • For example, the results suggested that the proposed model for CPV in this study may be useful to apply in CPV studies looking at other product categories and other age demographics in other cultural settings. (uncg.edu)
  • a Study of Materialism With Longitude and Cross-Cultural Comparisons ", in NA - Advances in Consumer Research Volume 39, eds. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Evaluation of psychometric properties of the German Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and its potential for cross-cultural comparisons: a cross-sectional study. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • To study the psychometric characteristics of German version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and to compare its dimensionality to other language versions in order to understand the instrument's potential for cross-national studies. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Cross-sectional multicentre study to establish psychometric properties of German version of the survey instrument. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. (afworo.org)
  • We propose a facet-model that differentiates A into assertiveness (AA) and competence (AC) and C into warmth (CW) and morality (CM). We tested the model in a cross-cultural study by comparing data from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA (overall N = 1.808). (frontiersin.org)
  • Findings are based on 1998 survey data from a cross-national study of health behaviours among children and adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • Method: This cross-cultural study reports on attitudes of 240 nursing students towards suicide in Turkey and 82 nursing students in the UK. (lsbu.ac.uk)
  • This study addresses the negotiation effect in the context of cross-cultural joint ventures (JV) in a volatile environment. (repec.org)
  • In order to confirm the early results from the IBM study and to extend them to a variety of populations, six subsequent cross-national studies have successfully been conducted between 1990 and 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • Self-esteem, personality and internet addiction: a cross-cultural comparison study. (uni-ulm.de)
  • In a pattern reminiscent of between-group variation in human behaviour, each chimpanzee group had its own unique combination of putative cultural variants. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Support for the hypothesis that some of the geographical variation in the behaviour of chimpanzees and other animals may represent socially learned cultural variation comes from three main areas. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Zaidi MA, Griffiths R, Levack W (2012) Healthcare Providers' Perspectives on Occupational Exposure to HIV: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. (omicsonline.org)
  • Australia, home of the Australian Aborigines , is often treated as a single culture area despite its considerable cultural and geographic diversity . (britannica.com)
  • Qualitative cross-cultural exploration of vaginal bleeding/spotting symptoms and impacts associated with hormone therapy in post-menopausal women to inform the development of new patient-reported measurement tools. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Discussion centered on the participants' beliefs and experiences regarding management of risk of exposure to patient blood or body fluid, and on personal reactions to hypothetical scenarios involving a sharps injury where a patient's blood was positive for either HIV or (for comparison) hepatitis C. Data analysis involved coding and categorization of interview transcripts following the constant comparative methods of grounded theory. (omicsonline.org)
  • Overview of methods used in cross-cultural comparisons of menopausal symptoms and their determinants: Guidelines for Strengthening the Reporting of Menopause and Aging (STROMA) studies. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Culture area , also called cultural area, culture province , or ethno-geographic area , in anthropology , geography , and other social sciences, a contiguous geographic area within which most societies share many traits in common. (britannica.com)
  • A symptomatic approach to understanding women's health experiences: a cross-cultural comparison of women aged 20 to 70 years. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Europe: culture areas Map showing the distribution of various culture areas, each inhabited by groups exhibiting linguistic and other cultural similarity, in Europe. (britannica.com)
  • To assess the change in knowledge and attitudes, we used the paired t-test in the comparison of scores before and after the module. (medworm.com)
  • In sum, this cross-cultural explorative research suggests that the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, consisting of internally consistent cognitive, reflective, and affective personality characteristics, is a promising measure to assess wisdom in the US as well as the Slovak culture. (edu.pl)
  • One of the most challenging issues in cross-cultural bioethics concerns the long-standing socio-cultural practice of female genital circumcision (FGC), which is prevalent in many African countries and the Middle East as well as in some Asian and Western countries. (afworo.org)
  • My doctoral dissertation emerges from the interdisciplinary research project "Socialization and Ontogeny of Emotions in Cross-Cultural Perspective" which was located at the cluster "Languages of Emotion" at the FU Berlin and lead by Prof. Birgitt Röttger-Rössler from the FU Berlin and the developmental psychologist Manfred Holodynski from the University of Münster. (fu-berlin.de)
  • Psychometric properties (eg, model fit, internal consistency, construct validity) of the instrument and comparison of dimensionality across different language translations. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Monticone M, Baiardi P, Calabrò D, Calabrò F, Forti C: Development of the Italian version of the revised Scoliosis Reseacrh Society-22 Patient Questionnaire, SRS-22r-I: cross-cultural adaptation, factor analysis,reliability, and validity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication , developed by Geert Hofstede . (wikipedia.org)
  • In three large-scale datasets representing adolescents from 59 societies across the globe, we find evidence of a systematic cultural variation in the relationship between passion and achievement. (pnas.org)
  • Amok is often described as a culture-bound (or culture-specific) syndrome, [14] [15] which is a psychological condition whose manifestation is strongly shaped by cultural factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outside pressures (e.g., by political and special interest groups) and inner motivations, based on often unconscious psychological and cultural factors, can affect police performance, with the ever-present risk of arbitrariness and corruption. (ncjrs.gov)
  • The Cultural Number Line: A Review of Cultural and Linguistic Influences on the Development of Number Processing. (york.ac.uk)
  • A. Angleitner, D.M. Buss, and A.I. Demtröder, "A cross-cultural comparison using the act frequency approach (AFA) in West Germany and the United States", European journal of personality , vol. 4, 1990, pp. 187-207. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • However, our comparison of instrument dimensionality across different language versions indicates limitations concerning cross-national studies. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • You'll choose from classes that explore psychoanalytic approaches to literature, cultural studies, postcolonial studies, and transnational feminist studies. (mills.edu)
  • Your teachers-scholars of history, literature, and cultural studies-will support you in all aspects of your intellectual development. (mills.edu)
  • Transcultural Francophone studies minors enter a wide range of fields where they apply their understanding of global issues, critical thinking and linguistic skills, and cultural competence. (mills.edu)
  • An Empirical Comparison of Soviet1 and American Business Negotiations ," Journal of International Business Studies , Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 23(3), pages 387-418, September. (repec.org)
  • A brief literature review cites the research of several respected authors concerning the topic of comparative research, the role and importance of cross-cultural analyses, and the potential for and drawbacks of international studies. (ncjrs.gov)
  • It has inspired a number of other major cross-cultural studies of values, as well as research on other aspects of culture, such as social beliefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumers do not behave in the same way cross culturally. (bibsys.no)
  • This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in NorthAmerica, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. (edu.au)
  • We address this question with three representative samples totaling 1.2 million students in 59 societies and provide empirical evidence of a systematic, cross-cultural variation in the importance of passion in predicting achievement. (pnas.org)
  • A cross-cultural examination of student volunteering: is it all resume building? (edu.au)
  • a cross-cultural comparison among students from European and Asian medical schools. (medworm.com)
  • Prevalence of eating disturbances among South African university students : a cross-cultural comparison. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • What Teachers Tell Us about Administrators and Administration as Sources of Professional Enthusiasm and Discouragement: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Five Countries. (ed.gov)
  • He first focused his research on the 40 largest countries, and then extended it to 50 countries and 3 regions, "at that time probably the largest matched-sample cross-national database available anywhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • The third component of the motivating language (ML) model, meaning-making language, is expected to serve as a major guidepost in the navigation of organizational change and cultural orientation. (issuu.com)
  • Home / Test Division / Reference Database / 2000 to 2009 / 2009 / Personality assessment in personnel selection using the MMPI-2: A cross-cultural. (umn.edu)
  • 2. Cross-Cultural Comparison and Archaeological Theory: Bruce G. Trigger (McGill University). (wiley.com)
  • Cross-cultural researchers have questioned the extent to which European- American management practices can be transported to major markets in Asia, such as the People's Republic of China. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Together we are building a new cross-cultural research platform to explore the potential for digital solutions to some of the most challenging health issues facing us all in the twenty-first century. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • While substantially large for the health care system, our estimates are much smaller than health-unadjusted comparisons or cross-sectional effects. (humankinetics.com)
  • One theme emerged which has begun to be addressed around the world - that of the cultural and developmental implications of sex role stereotyping for mental health. (springer.com)
  • About 10 percent of Egypt's population are Christians who do not necessarily share the same cultural beliefs as the country's Muslim majority. (deepdyve.com)
  • Perception of charisma, the ability to infuence others by virtue of one's personal qualities, appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. (diva-portal.org)
  • This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence volunteerism within each country. (edu.au)
  • A longitude comparison of Chinese materialists shows the development of materialism with increasing affluence. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Research examining the quality of life among the elderly Asians, specifically Chinese, has to date not incorporated cross-national comparisons. (jhu.edu)
  • High self-monitors are reported to be more likely to change employers, change work locations, and achieve promotions in comparison to low self-monitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The finding of a cross cultural comparison implies further development of materialism measures needs to cover social influence and social motives. (acrwebsite.org)
  • This paper will focus upon the reasons why women choose to not breastfeed, and go beyond the traditional assumptions of socio--economic class and ethnicity; instead looking at elements of social and cultural influence from the local and global levels. (skidmore.edu)
  • Companies with longer cultural distance from the host country tend to arrange higher term specificity and higher topic inclusiveness to neutralize an unfavorable influence of cultural distance on performance. (repec.org)
  • Rock art, being the earliest expression of human aesthetic desire and is an important cultural marker having multifaceted dimensions, together with its allied subjects. (ignca.nic.in)
  • Orbitofrontal gray matter deficits as marker of Internet gaming disorder: converging evidence from a cross‐sectional and prospective longitudinal design. (uni-ulm.de)