Crinivirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family CLOSTEROVIRIDAE. Transmission is by whiteflies. Lettuce infectious yellows virus is the type species.Ipomoea batatas: A plant species of the genus IPOMOEA, family CONVOLVULACEAE. Some cultivars are sweet and edible whereas bitter varieties are a source of SAPONINS. This sweet potato is sometimes referred to as a yam (DIOSCOREA).Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Cucumis: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for cucumber (CUCUMIS SATIVUS) and cantaloupe (CUCUMIS MELO). Watermelon is a different genus, CITRULLUS. Bitter melon may refer to MOMORDICA or this genus.Potyvirus: A large genus of plant viruses of the family POTYVIRIDAE which infect mainly plants of the Solanaceae. Transmission is primarily by aphids in a non-persistent manner. The type species is potato virus Y.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.GermanyRed Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Closteroviridae: A family of plant viruses containing the largest single-stranded RNA genomes. Infections typically involve yellowing and necrosis, particularly affecting the phloem.Thumb: The first digit on the radial side of the hand which in humans lies opposite the other four.Closterovirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family CLOSTEROVIRIDAE containing highly flexuous filaments. Some members are important pathogens of crop plants. Natural vectors include APHIDS, whiteflies, and mealybugs. The type species is Beet yellows virus.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksVanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Nobel PrizeBrazilMedicine in ArtHong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Solidago: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).Plant Pathology: The study of infectious diseases associated with plants.Book SelectionHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Fusarium: A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.ArchivesTrichothecenes: Usually 12,13-epoxytrichothecenes, produced by Fusaria, Stachybotrys, Trichoderma and other fungi, and some higher plants. They may contaminate food or feed grains, induce emesis and hemorrhage in lungs and brain, and damage bone marrow due to protein and DNA synthesis inhibition.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Mycotoxins: Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.Gibberella: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Hypocreaceae, order Hypocreales including several pathogens of grains and cereals. It is also the source of plant growth regulators such as gibberellin and gibberellic acid.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Virology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of viruses, and VIRUS DISEASES.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Journal ArticleBibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Trinidad and Tobago: An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)Begomovirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family GEMINIVIRIDAE that are transmitted in nature by whitefly Bemisia tabaci.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Chromolaena: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common name of thoroughwort is also used for other plants including EUPATORIUM; CHROMOLAENA, Hebeclinium and Koanophyllon. Eupolin is the aqueous extract of the leaves.Geminiviridae: A family of plant viruses where the VIRION possesses an unusual morphology consisting of a pair of isometric particles. Transmission occurs via leafhoppers or whitefly. Some viruses cause economically important diseases in cultivated plants. There are four genera: Mastrevirus, Curtovirus, Topocuvirus, and BEGOMOVIRUS.

Green fluorescent protein expression from recombinant lettuce infectious yellows virus-defective RNAs originating from RNA 2. (1/33)

Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) RNA 2 defective RNAs (D RNAs) were compared in protoplasts for their ability to replicate and to express the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from recombinant D RNA constructs. Initially four LIYV D RNAs of different genetic composition were compared, but only two (LIYV D RNA M5 and M18) replicated to high levels. Both of these contained at least two complete ORFs, one being the 3'-terminal ORF encoding P26. Northern hybridization analysis using probes corresponding to 3' regions of LIYV RNA 2 detected the P26 subgenomic RNA from protoplasts infected with LIYV RNAs 1 and 2 or protoplasts inoculated only with RNA 1 plus either the LIYV D RNA M5 or M18, suggesting that these LIYV D RNAs served as templates to generate the P26 subgenomic RNA. The GFP coding region was inserted as an in-frame insertion into the P26 coding region of the LIYV M5 and M18 D RNAs, yielding M5gfp and M18gfp. When transcripts of M5gfp and M18gfp were used to inoculate protoplasts, bright fluorescence was seen only when they were co-inoculated with LIYV RNA 1. The percentage of fluorescent protoplasts ranged from experiment to experiment, but was as high as 5.8%. Time course analyses showed that fluorescence was not detected before 48 h pi, and this correlated with the timing of LIYV RNA 2 and RNA 2 D RNA accumulation, but not with that of LIYV RNA 1.  (+info)

Genome structure and phylogenetic analysis of lettuce infectious yellows virus, a whitefly-transmitted, bipartite closterovirus. (2/33)

We report the complete nucleotide sequences of lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) RNAs 1 and 2. LIYV RNA 1 is 8118 nucleotides and includes three open reading frames (ORFs). Computer-assisted analysis of LIYV RNA 1 ORFs identified domains for a papain-like protease, methyltransferase (MTR), RNA helicase (HEL), and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). We suggest that the RdRp domain is expressed independently of the other replication-associated domains via a + 1 ribosomal frameshift. Amino acid sequences of the MTR, HEL, and RdRp show highly significant similarity to the homologous sequences from other closteroviruses and lower similarity to the respective proteins of tobamoviruses, tobraviruses, hordeiviruses, bromoviruses, and furoviruses. LIYV RNA 2 is 7193 nucleotides and includes six ORFs. These ORFs include a gene array that is characteristic of the closteroviruses: ORFs encoding a small membrane protein, a homologue of the HSP70 family of chaperone proteins, a protein whose function is unknown, the coat protein, and a diverged duplicate of the coat protein. LIYV is distinguished from the monopartite closteroviruses in the following ways: its genome consists of two RNAs, the positions of the coat protein gene and its diverged duplicate are reversed, and LIYV includes ORFs that are unrelated to ORFs found in other closteroviruses.  (+info)

Complete genome sequence and analyses of the subgenomic RNAs of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus reveal several new features for the genus Crinivirus. (3/33)

The complete nucleotide sequences of genomic RNA1 (9,407 nucleotides [nt]) and RNA2 (8,223 nt) of Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV; genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) were determined, revealing that SPCSV possesses the second largest identified positive-strand single-stranded RNA genome among plant viruses after Citrus tristeza virus. RNA1 contains two overlapping open reading frames (ORFs) that encode the replication module, consisting of the putative papain-like cysteine proteinase, methyltransferase, helicase, and polymerase domains. RNA2 contains the Closteroviridae hallmark gene array represented by a heat shock protein homologue (Hsp70h), a protein of 50 to 60 kDa depending on the virus, the major coat protein, and a divergent copy of the coat protein. This grouping resembles the genome organization of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the only other crinivirus for which the whole genomic sequence is available. However, in striking contrast to LIYV, the two genomic RNAs of SPCSV contained nearly identical 208-nt-long 3' terminal sequences, and the ORF for a putative small hydrophobic protein present in LIYV RNA2 was found at a novel position in SPCSV RNA1. Furthermore, unlike any other plant or animal virus, SPCSV carried an ORF for a putative RNase III-like protein (ORF2 on RNA1). Several subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) were detected in SPCSV-infected plants, indicating that the sgRNAs formed from RNA1 accumulated earlier in infection than those of RNA2. The 5' ends of seven sgRNAs were cloned and sequenced by an approach that provided compelling evidence that the sgRNAs are capped in infected plants, a novel finding for members of the Closteroviridae.  (+info)

Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of Cucumber yellows virus, a member of the genus Crinivirus. (4/33)

The genome of Cucumber yellows virus (CuYV), isolated in Japan from cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), was completely sequenced and shown to be bipartite. CuYV RNA1 consisted of 7889 nucleotides and encompassed seven open reading frames (ORFs), which is typical of the Closteroviridae, including a heat-shock protein 70 homologue, a coat protein and a diverged coat protein (CPd). CuYV RNA2 consisted of 7607 nucleotides and included two ORFs: ORF1a potentially encoded a polyprotein containing putative papain-like protease, methyltransferase and helicase domains, and ORF 1b potentially encoded an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, which is probably expressed via a +1 ribosomal frameshift. The size and organization of the CuYV genome are similar to those of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the type member of the genus Crinivirus in the family Closteroviridae, indicating that CuYV is a member of that genus, although CuYV differed in several points from LIYV.  (+info)

Defective RNAs of Citrus tristeza virus analogous to Crinivirus genomic RNAs. (5/33)

The family Closteroviridae includes the genera Closterovirus and Ampelovirus with monopartite genomes and the genus Crinivirus with bipartite genomes. Plants infected with the Closterovirus, Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), often contain one or more populations of defective RNAs (dRNAs). Although most dRNAs are comparatively small (2-5 kb) consisting of the genomic RNA termini with large internal deletions, we recently characterized large dRNAs of approximately 12 kb that retained the open reading frames (ORFs) 1a plus 1b. These were self-replicating RNAs and appeared to be analogous to the genomic RNA 1 of the bipartite criniviruses. The present report describes the finding of an additional group of large dRNAs (LdRNAs) that retained all or most of the 10 3' ORFs and appeared to be analogous to genomic RNA 2 of criniviruses. Isolates associated with LdRNAs were found associated with double-recombinant dRNAs (DR-dRNAs) of various sizes (1.7 to 5.1 kb) that comprised the two termini and a noncontiguous internal sequence from ORF2. The genetic and epidemiological implications of the architectural identities of LdRNAs and DR dRNAs and their apparent analogy with the genomic RNA 2 of criniviruses are discussed.  (+info)

Further variability within the genus Crinivirus, as revealed by determination of the complete RNA genome sequence of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus. (6/33)

The complete nucleotide (nt) sequences of genomic RNAs 1 and 2 of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) were determined for the Spanish isolate CYSDV-AlLM. RNA1 is 9123 nt long and contains at least five open reading frames (ORFs). Computer-assisted analyses identified papain-like protease, methyltransferase, RNA helicase and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domains in the first two ORFs of RNA1. This is the first study on the sequences of RNA1 from CYSDV. RNA2 is 7976 nt long and contains the hallmark gene array of the family Closteroviridae, characterized by ORFs encoding a heat shock protein 70 homologue, a 59 kDa protein, the major coat protein and a divergent copy of the coat protein. This genome organization resembles that of Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV), Cucumber yellows virus (CuYV) and Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the other three criniviruses sequenced completely to date. However, several differences were observed. The most striking novel features of CYSDV compared to SPCSV, CuYV and LIYV are a unique gene arrangement in the 3'-terminal region of RNA1, the identification in this region of an ORF potentially encoding a protein which has no homologues in any databases, and the prediction of an unusually long 5' non-coding region in RNA2. Additionally, the CYSDV genome resembles that of SPCSV in having very similar 3' regions in RNAs 1 and 2, although for CYSDV similarity in primary structures did not result in predictions of equivalent secondary structures. Overall, these data reinforce the view that the genus Crinivirus contains considerable genetic variation. Additionally, several subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) were detected in CYSDV-infected plants, suggesting that generation of sgRNAs is a strategy used by CYSDV for the expression of internal ORFs.  (+info)

Analysis of the RNA of Potato yellow vein virus: evidence for a tripartite genome and conserved 3'-terminal structures among members of the genus Crinivirus. (7/33)

Double-stranded RNA preparations produced from potato plants graft-inoculated with a Peruvian isolate of Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV; genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) contain five RNA species denoted RNA 1, RNA 2, RNA 3, x and y of approximately 8, 5.3, 3.8, 2.0 and 1.8 kbp, respectively. The complete nucleotide sequences of PYVV RNAs 1, 2 and 3 and Northern hybridization analysis showed that PYVV RNA 1 contained the replication module and an additional open reading frame (p7), while two distinct species, RNAs 2 and 3, contain the Closteroviridae hallmark gene array. Pairwise comparisons and phylogeny of genome-encoded proteins showed that PYVV shares significant homology with other criniviruses but is most closely related to the Trialeurodes vaporariorum-vectored Cucumber yellows virus. Secondary structure prediction of the 3'-untranslated regions of all three PYVV RNAs revealed four conserved stem-loop structures and a 3'-terminal pseudoknot structure, also predicted for all fully characterized members of the genus Crinivirus and some members of the genera Closterovirus and Ampelovirus.  (+info)

Quantitative parameters determining whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) transmission of Lettuce infectious yellows virus and an engineered defective RNA. (8/33)

In this study, quantitative parameters affecting in vitro acquisition and whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) transmission of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) were examined and B. tabaci transmission of an engineered defective RNA (D-RNA) was demonstrated. Virions purified from virus- and virion RNA-inoculated Chenopodium murale plants and protoplasts of Nicotiana tabacum, respectively, were consistently transmitted to plants by B. tabaci when virion concentrations were 0.1 ng microl(-1) or greater. Transmission efficiency increased with increasing virion concentration and number of whiteflies used for inoculation. When in vitro-derived transcripts of the M5gfp D-RNA (engineered to express the green fluorescent protein, GFP) were co-inoculated to protoplasts with wild-type LIYV virion RNAs, the resulting virions were transmissible to plants. LIYV and the M5gfp D-RNA systemically invaded inoculated plants; however, GFP expression was not detected in these plants. Unlike LIYV, the M5gfp D-RNA was not subsequently transmitted by B. tabaci from the initially infected plants, but, when high concentrations of virions from plants infected by LIYV and the M5gfp D-RNA were used for in vitro acquisition by whiteflies, both were transmitted to plants. Quantitative and qualitative analyses showed that, although the M5gfp D-RNA replicated within and systemically invaded plants along with LIYV, compared with LIYV RNA 2 it was not as abundant in plants or in the resulting virions, and concentration of encapsidated RNAs is an important factor affecting transmission efficiency.  (+info)

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In March 2013, taro plants (Colocasia esculenta [L.] Schott cv. Iliuaua) with leaves displaying veinal chlorosis and necrosis were observed on the island of Molokai. These symptoms were similar to those of taro vein chlorosis, a disease of taro caused by Taro vein chlorosis virus (TaVCV; family Rhabdoviridae, genus Nucleorhabdovirus). To explore this possibility, RNA was isolated from both symptomatic and asymptomatic taro leaves using the NucleoSpin RNA II extraction kit (Macherey-Nagel, Bethlehem, PA) according to the provided protocol, except that RLT Buffer (Qiagen Inc., Valencia, CA) was used as the initial extraction buffer. The RNAs were converted to cDNA using random primers and MMLV-RT reverse transcriptase (Promega, Madison, WI). The cDNA underwent PCR assays using primer sets Pol2A1/Pol2A2 and Cap2A/Cap2B which target the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and putative nucleocapsid genes of TaVCV, respectively (1). Amplification products of the correct size were obtained for both ...
There are so many tasty and healthy lettuces to enjoy, making for a terrific reason to experiment with fresh and satisfying lettuce wraps, also making for a low-carb. low-calorie transition to spring.
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Laboratory tests help detect heart diseases, for example, biochemical blood test helps in detection of coronary heart disease. Find out more about blood tests
Growing lettuce indoors is a fairly easy task, as many varieties of lettuce are hardy enough to survive in less-than-ideal conditions. Lettuce does require a fairly cool environment to flourish; it does best in places that reach 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and remain above freezing at night. The ...
The origins of the Speckled Lettuce date back to 1660 in Holland. From Holland, the lettuce was brought to Germany, where it was widely cultivated. …
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Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) is a bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) that causes economic losses to cucurbits, particularly watermelon, across the Middle East and North Africa. Recently squash (Cucurbita moschata) grown in an experimental field in Oman was found to display symptoms such as leaf curling, yellowing and stunting, typical of a begomovirus infection. Sequence analysis of the virus isolated from squash showed 97.6-99.9% nucleotide sequence identity to previously described WmCSV isolates for the DNA A component and 93-98% identity for the DNA B component. Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation to Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in the development of symptoms fifteen days post inoculation. This is the first bipartite begomovirus identified in Oman. Overall the Oman isolate showed the highest levels of sequence identity to a WmCSV isolate originating from Iran, which was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. This suggests that WmCSV present in Oman has been
www.whitsons.com, Happy Spring! Whitsons is pleased to present our vegetable of the month for the month of May, Lettuce. Lettuce is in season and will be featured in schools this month. So just why is lettuce so good for you? Aside from its great taste and large varieties, lettuce is packed with many nutrients as well! Lettuce is high in Vitamin A, which is important for healthy vision and can help protect you from becoming sick. It is also a good source of Vitamin C as well. Vitamin C is necessary for strong bones and teeth, and helps heal cuts and scrapes. Romaine lettuce is high in potassium and fiber which is also beneficial for protecting the heart.
Regardless of the lettuce you buy, avoid those with dry, wilted, browned, or yellowed leaves. While having one type of lettuce can seem like enough, adding a variety of to your plate provides more nutrients than eating only one type. Also, dark green leaves have more antioxidants and nutrients than the lighter-colored lettuces ...
My lettuce is still growing even after the below freezing nights, it really likes cool weather or it goes to seed before we can eat it. We have a wild lettuce that is poisonous I think but the flowers and seeds look like garden lettuce.. ReplyDelete ...
Lettuce planted in rows Bjorn Svensson 20031735. field of lettuce, lactuca sp Agriculture Bjron Svensson. - Stock Image B887/0156
Visit us to learn more about our Buttercrunch Lettuce. Compact butterhead-type head lettuce is productive, heat tolerant and slow to bolt. Mildly flavored le...
The common deficiency in the fatty foods requires attention. Milk of course contains a fair proportion of fat, but it should be reinforced with cream as early as possible, and butter should be taken f...
Tender strips of pork, coated with a lime-infused hoisin sauce, are nestled in the delicate folds of soft, buttery Boston lettuce leaves and topped
Loblaws just launched a new product. I went to the store today and the lettuce they are selling is still living! Talk about fresh! Green Butter...
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Price $2.82 specificationsproduct typebonsaiuseoutdoor plantsbrand namevegetable seedscultivating difficulty degreevery easyclassificationmini gardenf
Check out this delicious recipe for Apple-Glazed Ham with Sweet Potatoes from Weber-the worlds number one authority in grilling.
How to Keep Lettuce Fresh. Lettuce has a shorter shelf life than most vegetables, especially the tender butter lettuce variety. It stays in best condition in a humid, cold environment with minimal air circulation. (Its almost as though...
This intensely flavored soup is full of spring flavor, courtesy of crisp pea shoots and lettuce in a robust stock of prosciutto and parmesan. Read more!
Hello all year! Today I noticed that I have something extra growing with a lettuce that I planted. Admittedly my paper pots were a little too damp and they were very close together. My question is, is the fungi anything to worry about, I have been using organic composts so could the spores
Explore 2 stunning Lettuce Midorikawa iPhone wallpapers in retina HD, created by theOtaku.coms friendly and talented community.
T.M. - 27, 02 2008 : That is just stupid, not funny!. your name - 04, 03 2008 : was he born a lettuce!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!. your name - 05, 03 2009 : Project-Redemption.webs.com. ...
Just last week I was looking at my lettuce wondering when it was going to get big enough to harvest. I guess all it needed was a good soaking rain a few days of
Dinner got an upgrade with Zemas Panfried Sweet Potato Pancakes, delicious and nutritious, a perfect addition to an family night....
Mega Benfotiamine can help support the health of the nerves, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and heart. Supplement Facts Serving Size 1 capsule Servings Per Container 120 Amount Per Serving Vitamin B1 (as thiamin HCl) 10 mg Benfotiamine 250 mg Other ingredients: calcium carbonate, microcrystalline cellulose, vegetable capsule, silica, magnesium stearate. This product contains NO milk, egg, fish, peanuts, crustacean shellfish (lobster, crab, shrimp), soybeans, tree nuts, wheat, yeast, gluten, corn, or rice. Contains NO sugar, and no artificial sweeteners, flavors, colors, or preservatives. Dosage and Use Take one to four capsule(s) daily with or without food, or as recommended by a healthcare practitioner. Warnings Keep out of reach of children. Do not exceed recommended dose. Do not purchase if outer seal is broken or damaged. If you have a bad reaction to product discontinue use immediately. When using nutritional supplements, please inform your physician if you are undergoing treatment
The producer, the person who owns the sweet potatoes immediately after harvest is liable to pay the sweet potatoes levy and charge.. If you produce sweet potatoes and sell your sweet potatoes by retail sale you must lodge a return and make a payment to the department.. If you produce sweet potatoes and sell your sweet potatoes through an intermediary, including a first purchaser, buying agent, selling agent, exporting agent or processor, the amount of levy or charge they pay to the department on your behalf can be recovered from you by offset or otherwise.. If you are an intermediary, including a first purchaser, buying agent, selling agent, exporting agent or processor, you must lodge a return to the department and make a payment. You can recover from the producer the amount of levy or charge paid to the department by offset or otherwise.. If you export sweet potatoes-that is you own the sweet potatoes at the time of export, you must lodge a return to the department and make a payment. ...
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Are sweet potatoes healthy? Were giving you the scoop on sweet potato nutrition, how to cook sweet potatoes, and our favorite sweet potato recipes.
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Dogs can eat sweet potato as long as its served to them as a treat and not as the main dish. But, should they eat raw or cooked sweet potato? We know!
Sweet potatoes are most commonly known as a side dish at Thanksgiving dinner, but they can be incorporated into dozens of tasty dishes throughout the year (although November and December hold the root in its prime). Sweet potatoes are nutritious, high in antioxidants, vitamin A (giving it an orange color from ...
Learn more about how sweet potatoes have an impressive nutritional profile and the benefits to adding sweet potatoes to your diet.
I have a couple friends who grow professionally. Some deal in horticultural and traditional farming, others grow hydroponically. The ones who work in the latter - a majority, at least - say lettuce was their first try at hydroponics. It didnt cost much to start and, depending on the demand, it was a great revenue area (read more about indoor lettuce on page 10).. The hydro guys tell me growing lettuce gives you more bang for your buck; less time and effort (relatively speaking); and no soil. On the other side, the traditional growers say the soil is important. Thats where the relationship with farming starts, plus whos a better assistant than Mother Nature? Honestly, we can go back and forth on this. However, I digress.. We are here for lettuce, and we head out West - Arizona - this month for our featured producer, Mellon Farms in Yuma (page 12). Arizona, as well as California, serves as the epicenter for the green leaf. Together, the two states account for 98 percent of leaf lettuce ...
Lettuce In! by Tina Gallo - Knock, knock. Whos there? Lettuce! Lettuce who? Lettuce in, its cold out here! From the first knock-knock joke to the last, Lettuce...
Calories, carbs, fat, protein, fiber, cholesterol, and more for Sweet potato (Canned, mashed). Want to use it in a meal plan? Head to the diet generator and enter the number of calories you want.
A big bowl of creamy soup makes for a perfectly comforting lunch or dinner on a chilly day. Rather than calling for loads of butter or cream, this sweet potato soup recipe is pureed to achieve a similarly silky texture.
They are easily available. They are inexpensive. And they are delicious. Whether it is in casseroles or pies or even fries, sweet potatoes are a common addition to our diet.
PLDs. ROM : Programmable OR array PLA : Programmable Logic Array . Programmable OR - AND arrays. PAL : Programmable Array Logic . Programmable AND array, fixed OR GAL : Generic Array Logic Slideshow 3355545 by anana
MODEL RELEASED. Lettuce harvest. Man holding lettuces (Lactuca sativa) from his allotment. Lettuces are a good source of vitamins and minerals. Photographed in Madrid, Spain. - Stock Image E768/0299
Here are a few tips and photos to help you get as early a crop of lettuce as possible. Sometimes the temperature is near freezing as I pick my early lettuce. As the photos show, this should not stop you from getting an organic bounty earlier in the spring than you thought possible.
Butterhead Lettuce found in: Lettuce Seeds - All The Year Round, …favourite with crisp, compact white hearts. Butterhead variety.Tom says:..
I am interested in the history of the spread of plants (and organisms, in general) around the world, and you should be too… Chances are, every meal you have ever […]. ...
Buy and download royalty-free image ID 1897531: Attractive male cutting lettuce, making a salad on the kitchen counter. White bowl to his side and he is we..
In the south seed can be sown from the middle of March and a little later in the north in drills 1 ft. apart and at a depth of ½ in. (12mm) make sowings every 14 days until the middle of July; this will ensure a succession of well-hearted lettuce ...
Looking for Farmers Direct Organic Baby Butter Lettuce? Order from FreshDirect now for fast delivery. 100% happiness guarantee!
When I first got interested in wild flowers, I lived in Durham. Wall Lettuce is quite unusual in the north. I think the first time I came across it was beside a waterfall in Wensleydale. This gave it an element of glamour in my eyes ...
Hes happy to see us. Each week when we visit the Senior Center I see my little friend waiting in line as the truck-the Veggie Mobile-pulls up to the front curb. He stands there bow-legged and smiling. He knows our routine and lingers patiently with all the others while we set up. It takes three…
花月正春风/刘墉作/绢本设色/工笔/76.5x46.5CM/2013 即使 天堂 是不愁吃穿3不必工作3永永远远活着3 那活着有什么意义3 正因为有苦恼3才有解决的快乐; 正因为有病痛3才有痊愈的欢喜4 正因为有忧愁3才有忘忧的美好4 正因为有今天的不足3 ...
Thanks Gary... Oh! I almost forgot this. Kratky Lettuce in 10 Gallon Totes February 13th, 2015 - I decided to make two new Kratky Lettuce...
EN] The genetic variability of a Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (CABYV) (genus Polerovirus, family Luteoviridae) population was evaluated by determining the nucleotide sequences of two genomic regions of CABYV isolates collected in open-field melon and squash crops during three consecutive years in Murcia (southeastern Spain). A phylogenetic analysis showed the existence of two major clades. The sequences did not cluster according to host, year, or locality of collection, and nucleotide similarities among isolates were 97 to 100 and 94 to 97% within and between clades, respectively. The ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous nucleotide substitutions reflected that all open reading frames have been under purifying selection. Estimates of the populations genetic diversity were of the same magnitude as those previously reported for other plant virus populations sampled at larger spatial and temporal scales, suggesting either the presence of CABYV in the surveyed area long before it was first ...
I found sweet potatoes are very easy to grow here in Adelaide plain as we have mild winters. Easier to grow than potato as you can simply leave sweet potatoes growing all year round. I usually have one spare plants growing in winter so I can cut some young shoots to propagate several new sweet potato plants when spring comes. Cut the shoots and put them in water by the window and roots grow from the veins very quick. Sweet potatoes are now weeds in our garden. If I buried the plants after harvesting, thinking in will be composted in winter, I have new plants popping out when the weather warm- can be invasive ...
Sweet Potato Fries Stock Photo. csp4233747 - Oven-baked sweet potato fries, with a dipping sauce. . Affordable Royalty Free Stock Photography. Downloads for just $2.50, with thousands of images added daily. Subscriptions available for just $39.00. Our stock photo image search engine contains royalty free photos, vector clip art images, clipart illustrations.
Curried Sweet Potato Salad is a fabulously flavorful spin on a classic potato salad. Made with the more nutrient-rich sweet potato and paired with a savory curried yogurt dressing, this potato salad is both nutritious and tasty.
Curried Sweet Potato Salad is a fabulously flavorful spin on a classic potato salad. Made with the more nutrient-rich sweet potato and paired with a savory curried yogurt dressing, this potato salad is both nutritious and tasty.
Sweet Potato, the tubular funny looking orange potato, might be your key to weight loss, serving options, recipes, other names for sweet potato, nutrition table, health benefits.
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Baked sweet potato fries based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Sweet potato, cooked, baked in skin, without salt and the other ingredients in this recipe.
I love lettuce boats. They are yummy, healthy, and suuuuuuper versatile. You can pretty much make any of your favorite foods, wrap them in lettuce and voila! Youve made a lettuce boat! Pictured above are two of my favorite meals Ive been eating in Italy. The first idea is a pasta lettuce boat. Simply boil…
A take on classic potatoes au gratin, this recipe uses nutrition-packed sweet potatoes and gooey smoked Gouda for a delectable side dish.
Growing sweet potatoes - a great storage crop for those looking to be food self-sufficient - is simple in many climates if you follow our tips.
We are teaming up with Artisan Kitchens to provide easy, healthier recipes for some classic Thanksgiving sides.. Check out the full recipe for Bourbon-Molasses Sweet Potatoes.. ...
Sweet potato vs yam? Is there a difference? Is one tastier? Is one healthier? Or are they the same freaking thing? Find out here!
The sweet potato casserole you make for the holidays is kind of a production, right? This ones a quick weeknight side dish-ready in less than 20 minutes.
These rolls have a subtle sweet potato flavor with gooey marshmallows melted inside, mixed with brown sugar and butter. Topped off with a drizzle of marshmallow
Loving Pets Grill-icious Turkey & Sweet Potato Treats are all natural and 100% made in the USA! Comes in a resealable zipper pouch and are perfect training treats.
This delicious sweet potato recipe is a great side dish to serve during the holidays. Freeze the leftovers into individual servings.
Sweet potatoes are a surprisingly nutritious vegetable. They are especially high in vitamins A, C, E, and B6, fiber and manganese.
Garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa) produces mature leaves in as little as 60 days for head-forming varieties, and within 50 days for leaf varieties. Most lettuce is enjoyed fresh and raw, so it requires ...
definition of LCV, what does LCV mean?, meaning of LCV, Liga Colombiana de Videojuegos, LCV stands for Liga Colombiana de Videojuegos
Slug & Lettuce: Best burger in the UK - See 701 traveller reviews, 199 candid photos, and great deals for Portsmouth, UK, at TripAdvisor.
A lettuce in every pot. It is a practical -- and pretty -- early spring planting idea for gardeners in a hurry to get their hands dirty.It is the perfect choice, said gardener Edward Smith, author
The Thanksgiving spread was just too tempting, and you ate three helpings of Grandmas sweet potato casserole, or maybe you spent the evening at the...
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See all results for Sweet Potato Sides Sweet Potato Salad Molasses Recipes. Find more recipes at Foodily.com - the largest recipe search site - and see the ones your friends like.
The sweet potato (commonly called a yam) is a familiar root vegetable on our supermarket shelves. The swollen root is highly nutritious, low in fat but high in vitamins A, C and fibre. It is easily grown and is eaten by one billion people world-wide. Hardy varieties are necessary for cultivation in the UK and are available from seed merchants. It is unrelated to the potato but it too can be roasted, fried, boiled, chipped and baked and acts as one of the recommended five-a-day. If you too have eaten sweet potato you have eaten your first GM meal.
Despite the importance of sweet potato in nutrition, especially in sub-Saharan African and Asian diets, little was known about the sweet potato microbiome. But now thats changed, opening doors to improve crop yield.
Comprehensive nutrition resource for Sweet Potato, Raw. Learn about the number of calories and nutritional and diet information for Sweet Potato, Raw. This is part of our comprehensive database of 40,000 foods including foods from hundreds of popular restaurants and thousands of brands.
Although a sweet potato offers more fiber, vitamin A and vitamin C, a plain baked potato is not a nutritional zero. Both count towards your daily servings...
If you are finding you have a deficiency in potassium, the sweet potato is a lovely and tasty meal. If you have room for a little more sodium, hummus can be substituted for the neufchatel (lowfat cream) cheese.
Dont be surprised by the surprise ingredient in this bread machine recipe. A jar of sweet potato baby food lends convenience and a wonderful flavor to this moist loaf.
``Now that our leaf lettuce is ready in our garden, I would like to share my family recipe for a delicious salad dressing,`` writes Dolores Wrona, a Food Guide reader since 1939.GARDEN LEAF LETTUCE
There are 23 calories in 3 cups of shredded or chopped Lettuce. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Lettuce including 1 small leaf and 1 medium leaf.
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A green lettuce with outer leaves that are loose, curled, fringed and tipped with bronze-purple. Inner leaves are lime green. Crisp, sweet, tender. Slow to bolt.
Leila Daly found a worm in the lettuce she purchased from Sainsburys. She complained on Facebook and the end result was an amazing customer service volley on social media. Keri Lumm (@thekerilumm) reports.
Lettuce Grows Into a Processed Food [Aug. 19] compares commodity lettuce with ready--to-eat packaged salads and in so doing may have created the wrong impression.The article equates the shape of
Leila Daly found a worm in the lettuce she purchased from Sainsburys. She complained on Facebook and the end result was an amazing customer service volley on social media. Keri Lumm (@thekerilumm) reports.
The latest edition of Science Express (advance copies of papers that will be published in Science) has some interesting news about how one species of whitefly has been so successful. Basically, they succeed because theyre slutty.
My DS is 7 months old and is not interested in food, I have been trying since 6 months we first started with sweet potato that was a no go so I tried rice cereal which he has eaten a couple of times but now just isnt interested, any ideas
Sweet potatoes are one of the most nutritious and delicious of the fall harvests but you can cook them this way to hold onto summer just a little longer ...
My father was screaming in the nursing home. The staff had tried changing any number of his medications, but nothing stopped his agitation until the physician ordered Vicodin, a strong painkiller. I called the physician and asked him to assess what might be causing my fathers pain. The physician suggested it might be arthritis. In a calm voice, I suggested that perhaps the pain was from something more serious-would he please do an evaluation? He told me that this would be hard to do since my father has dementia and cant tell him what hurts. ...
Genus Crinivirus. *Genus Velarivirus. *Familie Endornaviridae (früher als dsRNA klassifiziert). *Genus Alphaendornavirus ...
Criniviruses are considered a threat to crops, though less so than viruses the other whitefly transmitted virus genus ... Abutilon yellows virus (AbYV (sometimes AYB) is a virus of the genus Crinivirus. Particle lengths were measured at 800-850 nm. ... "Particle lengths of whitefly-transmitted criniviruses." Plant Disease 84.7 (2000): 803-805. Kataya, A. R. A., Stavridou, E., ... Wintermantel, W. M. (2004). Emergence of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) transmitted criniviruses as threats to ...
While Criniviruses are bipartite and transmitted by whiteflies. Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Closteroviridae Genus ... Crinivirus Abutilon yellows virus Bean yellow disorder virus Beet pseudoyellows virus Blackberry yellow vein-associated virus ...
Mukasa, S.B.; Rubaihayo, P.R.; Valkonen, J.P.T. (June 2006). "Interactions between a crinivirus, an ipomovirus and a potyvirus ... "Synergistic Interactions of a Potyvirus and a Phloem-Limited Crinivirus in Sweet Potato Plants". Virology. 269 (1): 26-36. doi: ...
... a member of the genus Crinivirus". Journal of General Virology. 84 (Pt 4): 1007-12. doi:10.1099/vir.0.18605-0. PMID 12655104. ...
... terminal structures among members of the genus Crinivirus". J. Gen. Virol. 85 (Pt 7): 2065-75. doi:10.1099/vir.0.79910-0. PMID ...
Crinivirus Abutilon yellows virus Bean yellow disorder virus Beet pseudoyellows virus Blackberry yellow vein-associated virus ...
... crinivirus MeSH B04.715.150.150 --- comovirus MeSH B04.715.150.250 --- fabavirus MeSH B04.715.150.500 --- nepovirus MeSH ... crinivirus MeSH B04.820.150.150 --- comovirus MeSH B04.820.150.250 --- fabavirus MeSH B04.820.150.500 --- nepovirus MeSH ...
Coltivirus Comovirus Copiparvovirus Corndoglikevirus Corticovirus Cosavirus Cp220likevirus Cp8unalikevirus Crinivirus ...
Viruses in Crinivirus are non-enveloped, with bipartite filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with a length ... Crinivirus, formerly the lettuce infectious yellows virus group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. They are ... Viralzone: Crinivirus ICTV Rfam entry for 3'-terminal pseudoknot in SPCSV[permanent dead link] Rfam entry for 3'-terminal ... Crinivirus. In: ICTVdB-The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA " ...
Viruses in Crinivirus are non-enveloped, with bipartite filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with a length ... Crinivirus, formerly the lettuce infectious yellows virus group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. They are ... Viralzone: Crinivirus ICTV Rfam entry for 3-terminal pseudoknot in SPCSV[permanent dead link] Rfam entry for 3-terminal ... Crinivirus. In: ICTVdB-The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA " ...
The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ... The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ... The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ... The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ...
... a new member of the genus Crinivirus, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of bean yellow disorder virus, a new member of the genus Crinivirus. ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of bean yellow disorder virus, a new member of the genus Crinivirus. ... Further variability within the genus Crinivirus, as revealed by determination of the complete RNA genome sequence of Cucurbit ...
Genus Crinivirus. *Genus Velarivirus. *Familie Endornaviridae (früher als dsRNA klassifiziert). *Genus Alphaendornavirus ...
Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission Crinivirus Plants ... Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation Crinivirus Filamentous Non-enveloped Linear Bipartite ...
Crinivirus. Family. Flaviviridae. Genus. Flavivirus. Genus. Pestivirus. Genus. Hepacivirus. Family. Hepeviridae. Genus. ...
IPOMOEA BATATAS; CRINIVIRUS; VIRUSES; PLANT VIRUSES; SYNERGISM; RNA; VIRUS; VIRUS DE LAS PLANTAS; SINERGISMO ... Synergistic interactions of begomoviruses with Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in sweet potato (Ipomoea ... Synergistic interactions of begomoviruses with sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in sweetpotato (Ipomoea ...
Epidemiology of criniviruses, an emerging problem in world agriculture - Tzanetakis, I.E., Martin, R.R., Wintermantel, W.M. ... Diodia vein chlorosis virus is a group-1 crinivirus - Tzanetakis, I.E., Wintermantel, W.M., Poudel, B., Zhou, J. 2011. Diodia ... TWO CRINIVIRUSES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRAWBERRY PALLIDOSIS DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Halgren, A.B., Keller, K.E., ... PROGRESS ON MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF CRINIVIRUSES IN TOMATO - Wintermantel, W.M. 2006. Progress on management and control of ...
Epidemiology of criniviruses, an emerging problem in world agriculture - Tzanetakis, I.E., Martin, R.R., Wintermantel, W.M. ... TWO CRINIVIRUSES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRAWBERRY PALLIDOSIS DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Halgren, A.B., Keller, K.E., ... TWO CRINIVIRUSES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRAWBERRY PALLIDOSIS DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Halgren, A.B., Keller, K.E., ... YELLOW VEIN-AFFECTED BLACKBERRIES AND THE PRESENCE OF A NOVEL CRINIVIRUS - Susaimuthu, J., Tzanetakis, I.E., Gergerich, R.C., ...
Genus: Crinivirus Species: Tomato infectious chlorosis virus Name[edit]. Tomato infectious chlorosis virus ...
C. Closteroviruses and Criniviruses. VI. Thrips (Thysanoptera). A. Thrip Anatomy. B. Tospovirus Transmission. C. Virus-Vector ...
Criniviruses are considered a threat to crops, though less so than viruses the other whitefly transmitted virus genus ... Abutilon yellows virus (AbYV (sometimes AYB) is a virus of the genus Crinivirus. Particle lengths were measured at 800-850 nm. ... "Particle lengths of whitefly-transmitted criniviruses." Plant Disease 84.7 (2000): 803-805. Kataya, A. R. A., Stavridou, E., ... Wintermantel, W. M. (2004). Emergence of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) transmitted criniviruses as threats to ...
Efficient Protein Expression and Virus-Induced Gene Silencing in Plants Using a Crinivirus-Derived Vector. ... Accumulation of 24 nucleotide transgene-derived siRNAs is associated with crinivirus immunity in transgenic plants. ...
While Criniviruses are bipartite and transmitted by whiteflies. Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Closteroviridae Genus ... Crinivirus Abutilon yellows virus Bean yellow disorder virus Beet pseudoyellows virus Blackberry yellow vein-associated virus ...
2008). It is a crinivirus in the family Closteroviridae. CYSDV can persist in the whitefly adult for up to 9 days, the longest ... Transmission properties of whitefly-borne criniviruses and their impact on virus epidemiology. In: Virus-Insect-Plant ... time of any crinivirus (Wisler and Duffus 2001). It affects all cucurbit crops, causing reduced fruit size and sugar content. ...
... a new whitefly-transmitted and phloem-limited Crinivirus infecting tomatoes in Europe, is reported for the first time in ... Expansion of tomatoinfecting Criniviruses into new areas. In: Plant Virus Epidemiology: Current Status and Future Prospects, ... Co-infection by two criniviruses alters accumulation of each virus in a host-specific manner and influences efficiency of virus ... Methods for detection and differentiation of existing and new crinivirus species through multiplex and degenerate primer RT-PCR ...
Mukasa, S.B.; Rubaihayo, P.R.; Valkonen, J.P.T. (June 2006). "Interactions between a crinivirus, an ipomovirus and a potyvirus ... "Synergistic Interactions of a Potyvirus and a Phloem-Limited Crinivirus in Sweet Potato Plants". Virology. 269 (1): 26-36. doi: ...
Epidemiology of criniviruses: an emerging problem in world agriculture. *Ioannis E Tzanetakis, Robert R Martin, William M. ... Whitefly-transmitted criniviruses of cucurbits: current status and future prospects. *Peter E. Abrahamian, Yusuf Abou-Jawdah ... First report of Beet pseudo yellows virus in strawberry in the United States: A second crinivirus able to cause pallidosis ... Co-infection by two criniviruses alters accumulation of each virus in a host-specific manner and influences efficiency of virus ...
... a member of the genus Crinivirus". Journal of General Virology. 84 (Pt 4): 1007-12. doi:10.1099/vir.0.18605-0. PMID 12655104. ...
Genome organisation of Lettuce infectious yellows virus, the type species of the genus Crinivirus showing the relative position ... The family comprises four genera, Closterovirus, Ampelovirus, Crinivirus and Velarivirus, which differ in genome type ( ... A characterising trait of three genera (Closterovirus, Ampelovirus and Crinivirus) is the type of vectors that mediate ... Kiss ZA, Medina V and Falk BW (2014) Crinivirus replication and host interaction. Frontiers in Microbiology 4(99): 1-11. ...
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (Crinivirus). CP May beetle. Phyllophaga spp.. CP Melon fruit fly. Bactrocera cucurbitae. FS ...
... genus Crinivirus) is an emerging virus which causes severe diseases on melon (Cucumis melo) plants. CCYV-infected melon plants ... Host Range and Complete Genome Sequence of Cucurbit Chlorotic Yellows Virus, a New Member of the Genus Crinivirus M Okuda et al ... Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (family Closteroviridae, genus Crinivirus) is an emerging virus which causes severe ...
PYVV Closteroviridae-Crinivirus, is a quarentine, phloem-limited potato virus, with a tripartite ssRNA(+). It causes yellowing ...
Symptoms resembled those caused by viruses of the genus Crinivirus (family Closteroviridae), but absence or very low ... CYSDV and BPYV are two yellowing-inducing criniviruses previously described in Spain. In contrast, standard double-antibody ...
In all criniviruses, the order of the CP and CPm ORFs is reversed compared to that of species in the genus Closterovirus. Sweet ... Genus Crinivirus. Type species Lettuce infectious yellows virus. Distinguishing features. The genus comprises species ... List of other related viruses which may be members of the genus Crinivirus but have not been approved as species. ... Criniviruses infect primarily herbaceous hosts, in which they induce extensive chlorosis to yellow discoloration of the leaves ...
  • Symptoms induced by CYSDV, CCYV and other Criniviruses are very similar and their differentiation relies on the application of laboratory-based detection techniques ( Wintermantel and Wisler, 2006 ). (scialert.net)
  • CYSDV can persist in the whitefly adult for up to 9 days, the longest time of any crinivirus (Wisler and Duffus 2001). (ufl.edu)
  • CYSDV and BPYV are two yellowing-inducing criniviruses previously described in Spain. (apsnet.org)
  • Le Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus ( CYSDV ), qui appartient à la famille des Closteroviridae et au genre Crinivirus , infecte les cucurbitacées au Moyen-Orient et dans le pourtour méditerranéen (Egypte, Maroc, Espagne, Portugal, Sud de la France depuis 2001). (sediag.com)
  • A characterising trait of three genera ( Closterovirus, Ampelovirus and Crinivirus ) is the type of vectors that mediate transmission from host to host. (els.net)
  • Emergence of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) transmitted criniviruses as threats to vegetable and fruit production in North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biologia y manejo de la mosca blanca Trialeurodes vaporariorum en habichuela y en frijol. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Requerimientos termicos para el desarrollo de Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) criado en Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). (freethesaurus.com)
  • saponaria en insectos de la especie Trialeurodes vaporariroum, es generada por convulsiones debido a disminucion en el consumo de oxigeno y ataxia (42,44). (freethesaurus.com)
  • Asi mismo, Arias y Cano (1996) determinaron la actividad disuasora o repelente del jugo de fique sobre las plagas Liriomyza trifolii y Trialeurodes vaporariorum en condiciones de invernadero. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Symptoms of Criniviruses develop on older leaves and progress toward newer growth inducing nutrition deficiency-like symptoms, interveinal chlorosis, brittleness and thickening of leaves. (scialert.net)
  • en Colombia empleando marcadores microsatélites = Characterization and analysis of the genetic variability of sweet passion fruit (Passiflora ligularis juss. (blogspot.com)