A genus of plant viruses in the family CLOSTEROVIRIDAE. Transmission is by whiteflies. Lettuce infectious yellows virus is the type species.
A plant species of the genus IPOMOEA, family CONVOLVULACEAE. Some cultivars are sweet and edible whereas bitter varieties are a source of SAPONINS. This sweet potato is sometimes referred to as a yam (DIOSCOREA).
Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for cucumber (CUCUMIS SATIVUS) and cantaloupe (CUCUMIS MELO). Watermelon is a different genus, CITRULLUS. Bitter melon may refer to MOMORDICA or this genus.
A large genus of plant viruses of the family POTYVIRIDAE which infect mainly plants of the Solanaceae. Transmission is primarily by aphids in a non-persistent manner. The type species is potato virus Y.
Diseases of plants.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
A family of plant viruses containing the largest single-stranded RNA genomes. Infections typically involve yellowing and necrosis, particularly affecting the phloem.
The first digit on the radial side of the hand which in humans lies opposite the other four.
A genus of plant viruses in the family CLOSTEROVIRIDAE containing highly flexuous filaments. Some members are important pathogens of crop plants. Natural vectors include APHIDS, whiteflies, and mealybugs. The type species is Beet yellows virus.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).
The study of infectious diseases associated with plants.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.

Green fluorescent protein expression from recombinant lettuce infectious yellows virus-defective RNAs originating from RNA 2. (1/33)

Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) RNA 2 defective RNAs (D RNAs) were compared in protoplasts for their ability to replicate and to express the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from recombinant D RNA constructs. Initially four LIYV D RNAs of different genetic composition were compared, but only two (LIYV D RNA M5 and M18) replicated to high levels. Both of these contained at least two complete ORFs, one being the 3'-terminal ORF encoding P26. Northern hybridization analysis using probes corresponding to 3' regions of LIYV RNA 2 detected the P26 subgenomic RNA from protoplasts infected with LIYV RNAs 1 and 2 or protoplasts inoculated only with RNA 1 plus either the LIYV D RNA M5 or M18, suggesting that these LIYV D RNAs served as templates to generate the P26 subgenomic RNA. The GFP coding region was inserted as an in-frame insertion into the P26 coding region of the LIYV M5 and M18 D RNAs, yielding M5gfp and M18gfp. When transcripts of M5gfp and M18gfp were used to inoculate protoplasts, bright fluorescence was seen only when they were co-inoculated with LIYV RNA 1. The percentage of fluorescent protoplasts ranged from experiment to experiment, but was as high as 5.8%. Time course analyses showed that fluorescence was not detected before 48 h pi, and this correlated with the timing of LIYV RNA 2 and RNA 2 D RNA accumulation, but not with that of LIYV RNA 1.  (+info)

Genome structure and phylogenetic analysis of lettuce infectious yellows virus, a whitefly-transmitted, bipartite closterovirus. (2/33)

We report the complete nucleotide sequences of lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) RNAs 1 and 2. LIYV RNA 1 is 8118 nucleotides and includes three open reading frames (ORFs). Computer-assisted analysis of LIYV RNA 1 ORFs identified domains for a papain-like protease, methyltransferase (MTR), RNA helicase (HEL), and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). We suggest that the RdRp domain is expressed independently of the other replication-associated domains via a + 1 ribosomal frameshift. Amino acid sequences of the MTR, HEL, and RdRp show highly significant similarity to the homologous sequences from other closteroviruses and lower similarity to the respective proteins of tobamoviruses, tobraviruses, hordeiviruses, bromoviruses, and furoviruses. LIYV RNA 2 is 7193 nucleotides and includes six ORFs. These ORFs include a gene array that is characteristic of the closteroviruses: ORFs encoding a small membrane protein, a homologue of the HSP70 family of chaperone proteins, a protein whose function is unknown, the coat protein, and a diverged duplicate of the coat protein. LIYV is distinguished from the monopartite closteroviruses in the following ways: its genome consists of two RNAs, the positions of the coat protein gene and its diverged duplicate are reversed, and LIYV includes ORFs that are unrelated to ORFs found in other closteroviruses.  (+info)

Complete genome sequence and analyses of the subgenomic RNAs of sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus reveal several new features for the genus Crinivirus. (3/33)

The complete nucleotide sequences of genomic RNA1 (9,407 nucleotides [nt]) and RNA2 (8,223 nt) of Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV; genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) were determined, revealing that SPCSV possesses the second largest identified positive-strand single-stranded RNA genome among plant viruses after Citrus tristeza virus. RNA1 contains two overlapping open reading frames (ORFs) that encode the replication module, consisting of the putative papain-like cysteine proteinase, methyltransferase, helicase, and polymerase domains. RNA2 contains the Closteroviridae hallmark gene array represented by a heat shock protein homologue (Hsp70h), a protein of 50 to 60 kDa depending on the virus, the major coat protein, and a divergent copy of the coat protein. This grouping resembles the genome organization of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the only other crinivirus for which the whole genomic sequence is available. However, in striking contrast to LIYV, the two genomic RNAs of SPCSV contained nearly identical 208-nt-long 3' terminal sequences, and the ORF for a putative small hydrophobic protein present in LIYV RNA2 was found at a novel position in SPCSV RNA1. Furthermore, unlike any other plant or animal virus, SPCSV carried an ORF for a putative RNase III-like protein (ORF2 on RNA1). Several subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) were detected in SPCSV-infected plants, indicating that the sgRNAs formed from RNA1 accumulated earlier in infection than those of RNA2. The 5' ends of seven sgRNAs were cloned and sequenced by an approach that provided compelling evidence that the sgRNAs are capped in infected plants, a novel finding for members of the Closteroviridae.  (+info)

Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of Cucumber yellows virus, a member of the genus Crinivirus. (4/33)

The genome of Cucumber yellows virus (CuYV), isolated in Japan from cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), was completely sequenced and shown to be bipartite. CuYV RNA1 consisted of 7889 nucleotides and encompassed seven open reading frames (ORFs), which is typical of the Closteroviridae, including a heat-shock protein 70 homologue, a coat protein and a diverged coat protein (CPd). CuYV RNA2 consisted of 7607 nucleotides and included two ORFs: ORF1a potentially encoded a polyprotein containing putative papain-like protease, methyltransferase and helicase domains, and ORF 1b potentially encoded an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, which is probably expressed via a +1 ribosomal frameshift. The size and organization of the CuYV genome are similar to those of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the type member of the genus Crinivirus in the family Closteroviridae, indicating that CuYV is a member of that genus, although CuYV differed in several points from LIYV.  (+info)

Defective RNAs of Citrus tristeza virus analogous to Crinivirus genomic RNAs. (5/33)

The family Closteroviridae includes the genera Closterovirus and Ampelovirus with monopartite genomes and the genus Crinivirus with bipartite genomes. Plants infected with the Closterovirus, Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), often contain one or more populations of defective RNAs (dRNAs). Although most dRNAs are comparatively small (2-5 kb) consisting of the genomic RNA termini with large internal deletions, we recently characterized large dRNAs of approximately 12 kb that retained the open reading frames (ORFs) 1a plus 1b. These were self-replicating RNAs and appeared to be analogous to the genomic RNA 1 of the bipartite criniviruses. The present report describes the finding of an additional group of large dRNAs (LdRNAs) that retained all or most of the 10 3' ORFs and appeared to be analogous to genomic RNA 2 of criniviruses. Isolates associated with LdRNAs were found associated with double-recombinant dRNAs (DR-dRNAs) of various sizes (1.7 to 5.1 kb) that comprised the two termini and a noncontiguous internal sequence from ORF2. The genetic and epidemiological implications of the architectural identities of LdRNAs and DR dRNAs and their apparent analogy with the genomic RNA 2 of criniviruses are discussed.  (+info)

Further variability within the genus Crinivirus, as revealed by determination of the complete RNA genome sequence of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus. (6/33)

The complete nucleotide (nt) sequences of genomic RNAs 1 and 2 of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) were determined for the Spanish isolate CYSDV-AlLM. RNA1 is 9123 nt long and contains at least five open reading frames (ORFs). Computer-assisted analyses identified papain-like protease, methyltransferase, RNA helicase and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domains in the first two ORFs of RNA1. This is the first study on the sequences of RNA1 from CYSDV. RNA2 is 7976 nt long and contains the hallmark gene array of the family Closteroviridae, characterized by ORFs encoding a heat shock protein 70 homologue, a 59 kDa protein, the major coat protein and a divergent copy of the coat protein. This genome organization resembles that of Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV), Cucumber yellows virus (CuYV) and Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the other three criniviruses sequenced completely to date. However, several differences were observed. The most striking novel features of CYSDV compared to SPCSV, CuYV and LIYV are a unique gene arrangement in the 3'-terminal region of RNA1, the identification in this region of an ORF potentially encoding a protein which has no homologues in any databases, and the prediction of an unusually long 5' non-coding region in RNA2. Additionally, the CYSDV genome resembles that of SPCSV in having very similar 3' regions in RNAs 1 and 2, although for CYSDV similarity in primary structures did not result in predictions of equivalent secondary structures. Overall, these data reinforce the view that the genus Crinivirus contains considerable genetic variation. Additionally, several subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) were detected in CYSDV-infected plants, suggesting that generation of sgRNAs is a strategy used by CYSDV for the expression of internal ORFs.  (+info)

Analysis of the RNA of Potato yellow vein virus: evidence for a tripartite genome and conserved 3'-terminal structures among members of the genus Crinivirus. (7/33)

Double-stranded RNA preparations produced from potato plants graft-inoculated with a Peruvian isolate of Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV; genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) contain five RNA species denoted RNA 1, RNA 2, RNA 3, x and y of approximately 8, 5.3, 3.8, 2.0 and 1.8 kbp, respectively. The complete nucleotide sequences of PYVV RNAs 1, 2 and 3 and Northern hybridization analysis showed that PYVV RNA 1 contained the replication module and an additional open reading frame (p7), while two distinct species, RNAs 2 and 3, contain the Closteroviridae hallmark gene array. Pairwise comparisons and phylogeny of genome-encoded proteins showed that PYVV shares significant homology with other criniviruses but is most closely related to the Trialeurodes vaporariorum-vectored Cucumber yellows virus. Secondary structure prediction of the 3'-untranslated regions of all three PYVV RNAs revealed four conserved stem-loop structures and a 3'-terminal pseudoknot structure, also predicted for all fully characterized members of the genus Crinivirus and some members of the genera Closterovirus and Ampelovirus.  (+info)

Quantitative parameters determining whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) transmission of Lettuce infectious yellows virus and an engineered defective RNA. (8/33)

In this study, quantitative parameters affecting in vitro acquisition and whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) transmission of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) were examined and B. tabaci transmission of an engineered defective RNA (D-RNA) was demonstrated. Virions purified from virus- and virion RNA-inoculated Chenopodium murale plants and protoplasts of Nicotiana tabacum, respectively, were consistently transmitted to plants by B. tabaci when virion concentrations were 0.1 ng microl(-1) or greater. Transmission efficiency increased with increasing virion concentration and number of whiteflies used for inoculation. When in vitro-derived transcripts of the M5gfp D-RNA (engineered to express the green fluorescent protein, GFP) were co-inoculated to protoplasts with wild-type LIYV virion RNAs, the resulting virions were transmissible to plants. LIYV and the M5gfp D-RNA systemically invaded inoculated plants; however, GFP expression was not detected in these plants. Unlike LIYV, the M5gfp D-RNA was not subsequently transmitted by B. tabaci from the initially infected plants, but, when high concentrations of virions from plants infected by LIYV and the M5gfp D-RNA were used for in vitro acquisition by whiteflies, both were transmitted to plants. Quantitative and qualitative analyses showed that, although the M5gfp D-RNA replicated within and systemically invaded plants along with LIYV, compared with LIYV RNA 2 it was not as abundant in plants or in the resulting virions, and concentration of encapsidated RNAs is an important factor affecting transmission efficiency.  (+info)

a) Insekten, Milben und Nematoden in allen Entwicklungsstadien. 1.Acleris spp. (außereuropäische Arten). 2.Amauromyza maculosa (Malloch). 3.Anomala orientalis Waterhouse. 4.Anoplophora chinensis (Thomson). 4.1. Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky). 5.Anoplophora malasiaca (Forster). 6.Arrhenodes minutus Drury. 7.Bemisia tabaci Genn. (außereuropäische Populationen) als Vektor von folgenden Viren wie:. a)Bean golden mosaic virus. b)Cowpea mild mottle virus. c)Lettuce infectious yellows virus. d)Pepper mild tigré virus. e)Squash leaf curl virus. f)Euphorbia mosaic virus. g)Florida tomato virus. 8.Cicadellidae (außereuropäische Arten), bekanntlich Vektor für Pierces disease (verursacht durch Xylella fastidiosa), wie. a)Carneocephala fulgida Nottingham. b)Draeculacephala minerva Ball. c)Graphocephala atropunctata (Signoret). 9.Choristoneura spp. (außereuropäische Arten). 10.Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst). 10.0. Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetverikov. 10.1. Diabrotica barberi Smith & ...
Instructions to Copy. For PC, position your mouse cursor on the featured image, click the right mouse button, and choose Save Picture As... or Save this Image as... whichever is the case. For Mac, click the only mouse button and follow the same steps. Users may want to set up a specific directory and file naming scheme for storing images; otherwise, they will be saved using your system defaults. Images may be used in any software application that supports JPEG file format or viewed in an Internet browser as local files.. ...
In March 2013, taro plants (Colocasia esculenta [L.] Schott cv. Iliuaua) with leaves displaying veinal chlorosis and necrosis were observed on the island of Molokai. These symptoms were similar to those of taro vein chlorosis, a disease of taro caused by Taro vein chlorosis virus (TaVCV; family Rhabdoviridae, genus Nucleorhabdovirus). To explore this possibility, RNA was isolated from both symptomatic and asymptomatic taro leaves using the NucleoSpin RNA II extraction kit (Macherey-Nagel, Bethlehem, PA) according to the provided protocol, except that RLT Buffer (Qiagen Inc., Valencia, CA) was used as the initial extraction buffer. The RNAs were converted to cDNA using random primers and MMLV-RT reverse transcriptase (Promega, Madison, WI). The cDNA underwent PCR assays using primer sets Pol2A1/Pol2A2 and Cap2A/Cap2B which target the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and putative nucleocapsid genes of TaVCV, respectively (1). Amplification products of the correct size were obtained for both ...
Interpretive Summary: The whitefly-transmitted viruses Squash vein yellowing virus (SqVYV), Cucurbit leaf crumple virus (CuLCrV) and Cucurbit yellow stunitng disorder (CYSDV), and to a lesser extent, the aphid transmitted virus Papay ringspot virus type W (PRSV-W) have had serious impact on watermelon production in west-central and southwest Florida in recent years. To determine virus distribution within plants, we collected 80 entire plants randomly, 20 each on four different dates, from a commercial watermelon field showing symptoms of SqVYV, CuLCrV and PRSV-W, and possibly CYSDV. This was followed by a smaller sampling of five plants in a different commercial planting. Results showed that the distribution of SqVYV in vines decreased proportionately with distance from the crown compared to CuLCrV which tended to be more evenly distributed throughout the plant. The distribution of PRSV-W resembled that of SqVYV, but with a slightly greater probability of detection at the tip of the vine. ...
There are so many tasty and healthy lettuces to enjoy, making for a terrific reason to experiment with fresh and satisfying lettuce wraps, also making for a low-carb. low-calorie transition to spring.
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Slug & Lettuce, The Exchange, Exchange Street, Aylesbury, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1UG, 01296 426967, Restaurant, Bar food, Cask Marque,
Laboratory tests help detect heart diseases, for example, biochemical blood test helps in detection of coronary heart disease. Find out more about blood tests
Sweetpotato is an important staple food crop in Sub-Saharan Africa, with production being concentrated in East Africa, particularly around Lake Victoria. Productivity of the crop is greatly constrained by viral diseases. Four main viruses have consistently been detected from various surveys done in the region viz., sweetpotato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV), sweetpotato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV), sweetpotato mild mottle virus (Sp.m.MV), and sweetpotato chlorotic fleck virus (SPCFV). The most severe symptoms have been caused by co-infection with SPCSV and SPFMV, resulting in the synergistic sweetpotato virus disease (SPVD). Some local sweetpotato genotypes have been reported to recover from, or have localized distribution of SPVD, suggesting that the disease is not fully systemic. This has led to the suggestion that uninfected cuttings may be obtained from previously infected plants. Experiments were set to determine the possibility of obtaining cuttings long enough for propagation that are ...
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Wild Lettuce. List of various diseases cured by Wild Lettuce. How Wild Lettuce is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Wild Lettuce in various languages of the world are also given.
Growing lettuce indoors is a fairly easy task, as many varieties of lettuce are hardy enough to survive in less-than-ideal conditions. Lettuce does require a fairly cool environment to flourish; it does best in places that reach 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and remain above freezing at night. The ...
The origins of the Speckled Lettuce date back to 1660 in Holland. From Holland, the lettuce was brought to Germany, where it was widely cultivated. …
If you love salads, you have to include lettuce in your indoor vegetable garden if you want a crunchy and fresh supply. Growing it indoors is not at a.
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Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) is a bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) that causes economic losses to cucurbits, particularly watermelon, across the Middle East and North Africa. Recently squash (Cucurbita moschata) grown in an experimental field in Oman was found to display symptoms such as leaf curling, yellowing and stunting, typical of a begomovirus infection. Sequence analysis of the virus isolated from squash showed 97.6-99.9% nucleotide sequence identity to previously described WmCSV isolates for the DNA A component and 93-98% identity for the DNA B component. Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation to Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in the development of symptoms fifteen days post inoculation. This is the first bipartite begomovirus identified in Oman. Overall the Oman isolate showed the highest levels of sequence identity to a WmCSV isolate originating from Iran, which was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. This suggests that WmCSV present in Oman has been
www.whitsons.com, Happy Spring! Whitsons is pleased to present our vegetable of the month for the month of May, Lettuce. Lettuce is in season and will be featured in schools this month. So just why is lettuce so good for you? Aside from its great taste and large varieties, lettuce is packed with many nutrients as well! Lettuce is high in Vitamin A, which is important for healthy vision and can help protect you from becoming sick. It is also a good source of Vitamin C as well. Vitamin C is necessary for strong bones and teeth, and helps heal cuts and scrapes. Romaine lettuce is high in potassium and fiber which is also beneficial for protecting the heart.
Lettuce, Buttercrunch (100% Heirloom/Non-Hybrid/Non-GMO) Compact butterhead-type lettuce. - Very productive variety - One of the only heat tolerant lettuce varieties - Very popular and easy to grow Day to Maturity | 65 days Lettuce Seeds | Lettuce can be grown practically anywhere. For leaf types seed should be sown t
Regardless of the lettuce you buy, avoid those with dry, wilted, browned, or yellowed leaves. While having one type of lettuce can seem like enough, adding a variety of to your plate provides more nutrients than eating only one type. Also, dark green leaves have more antioxidants and nutrients than the lighter-colored lettuces ...
My lettuce is still growing even after the below freezing nights, it really likes cool weather or it goes to seed before we can eat it. We have a wild lettuce that is poisonous I think but the flowers and seeds look like garden lettuce.. ReplyDelete ...
Lettuce planted in rows Bjorn Svensson 20031735. field of lettuce, lactuca sp Agriculture Bjron Svensson. - Stock Image B887/0156
Visit us to learn more about our Buttercrunch Lettuce. Compact butterhead-type head lettuce is productive, heat tolerant and slow to bolt. Mildly flavored le...
The common deficiency in the fatty foods requires attention. Milk of course contains a fair proportion of fat, but it should be reinforced with cream as early as possible, and butter should be taken f...
Tender strips of pork, coated with a lime-infused hoisin sauce, are nestled in the delicate folds of soft, buttery Boston lettuce leaves and topped
Loblaws just launched a new product. I went to the store today and the lettuce they are selling is still living! Talk about fresh! Green Butter...
Royalty free Fried Fish With Lettuce photo. Category: Stock image, Photographer: hamdan. Size: 3456 x 2304, prices start from $0.70.
Price $2.82 specificationsproduct typebonsaiuseoutdoor plantsbrand namevegetable seedscultivating difficulty degreevery easyclassificationmini gardenf
Lettuce Plants - OutREDgeousThe lettuce so easy to grow they grew it in space!OutREDgeous is the first lettuce plant to be grown from seed, harvested and eaten in space! Lettuce Outredgeous is so easy to grow that its out of this world! Weve been struggling not to burst with excitement over this lettuce since the day we heard about it and now were bringing it to your garden!This stunning, red romaine lettuce variety is a great colour for adding to salads and has sweet crunch - and did we mention that its been grown in space? Harvest late May-late October. Height 20-30cm (8-12
As we known, the sweet potato is highly rich in nutrition. Experts claimed that it is not good to eat baked sweet potato together with the skins, because the
Lettuce, Lollo Rossa Dark (100% Heirloom/Non-Hybrid/Non-GMO) Beautiful red lettuce leaves. Curly leaves with really nice texture and color. Extremely popular amongst gourmet chefs and restaurants. Easy to grow and does not require a lot of space. Day to Maturity | 50 days Lettuce Seeds | Lettuce can be grown practical
These Healthy Loaded Sweet Potatoes are full of flavor, vitamins and protein, and can be ready in less than 20 minutes! Perfect for a quick and nutritious weeknight meal!
Check out this delicious recipe for Apple-Glazed Ham with Sweet Potatoes from Weber-the worlds number one authority in grilling.
How to Keep Lettuce Fresh. Lettuce has a shorter shelf life than most vegetables, especially the tender butter lettuce variety. It stays in best condition in a humid, cold environment with minimal air circulation. (Its almost as though...
As an alternative to lettuce cups, enjoy the chicken tossed with pasta; served with rice and steamed broccoli or a green salad; on a bed of lettuce or baby spinach; or tucked into warm tortillas or pita pockets with chopped tomato and sliced cucumbers.
Your salads are not complete without these vitamins! Follow this handy How to Grow Lettuce from seed Guide and grow fresh salad leaves all season long.!
Shop for V by Very Lurex Lettuce Hem Top - Berry at littlewoods.com. Order online and spread the cost with a flexible littlewoods.com account.
This intensely flavored soup is full of spring flavor, courtesy of crisp pea shoots and lettuce in a robust stock of prosciutto and parmesan. Read more!
Just last week I was looking at my lettuce wondering when it was going to get big enough to harvest. I guess all it needed was a good soaking rain a few days of
T.M. - 27, 02 2008 : That is just stupid, not funny!. your name - 04, 03 2008 : was he born a lettuce!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!. your name - 05, 03 2009 : Project-Redemption.webs.com. ...
Explore 2 stunning Lettuce Midorikawa iPhone wallpapers in retina HD, created by theOtaku.coms friendly and talented community.
Hello all year! Today I noticed that I have something extra growing with a lettuce that I planted. Admittedly my paper pots were a little too damp and they were very close together. My question is, is the fungi anything to worry about, I have been using organic composts so could the spores
Dinner got an upgrade with Zemas Panfried Sweet Potato Pancakes, delicious and nutritious, a perfect addition to an family night....
After a record number of submissions, what follows are 31 spots that are the most intriguing venues weve encountered. To qualify, a space must have opened or been rehabbed in the past 15 months. One prominent trend? Refashioning vintage buildings. Stratford on the Park Address: Lincoln Park/2300
A lettuce water hack has gone viral on TikTok and people are using it to help them with an everyday activity. Find out why here.
Mega Benfotiamine can help support the health of the nerves, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and heart. Supplement Facts Serving Size 1 capsule Servings Per Container 120 Amount Per Serving Vitamin B1 (as thiamin HCl) 10 mg Benfotiamine 250 mg Other ingredients: calcium carbonate, microcrystalline cellulose, vegetable capsule, silica, magnesium stearate. This product contains NO milk, egg, fish, peanuts, crustacean shellfish (lobster, crab, shrimp), soybeans, tree nuts, wheat, yeast, gluten, corn, or rice. Contains NO sugar, and no artificial sweeteners, flavors, colors, or preservatives. Dosage and Use Take one to four capsule(s) daily with or without food, or as recommended by a healthcare practitioner. Warnings Keep out of reach of children. Do not exceed recommended dose. Do not purchase if outer seal is broken or damaged. If you have a bad reaction to product discontinue use immediately. When using nutritional supplements, please inform your physician if you are undergoing treatment
The producer, the person who owns the sweet potatoes immediately after harvest is liable to pay the sweet potatoes levy and charge.. If you produce sweet potatoes and sell your sweet potatoes by retail sale you must lodge a return and make a payment to the department.. If you produce sweet potatoes and sell your sweet potatoes through an intermediary, including a first purchaser, buying agent, selling agent, exporting agent or processor, the amount of levy or charge they pay to the department on your behalf can be recovered from you by offset or otherwise.. If you are an intermediary, including a first purchaser, buying agent, selling agent, exporting agent or processor, you must lodge a return to the department and make a payment. You can recover from the producer the amount of levy or charge paid to the department by offset or otherwise.. If you export sweet potatoes-that is you own the sweet potatoes at the time of export, you must lodge a return to the department and make a payment. ...
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We have written about sweet potatoes before but here are an extra couple of facts to know about this healthy food... Fact 1 A rich source of vitamin C, sweet potato also helps to increase the bodys absorption of iron. Ideally, serve sweet potato with dark leafy greens such as spinach. Fact 2 Sweet potatoes are rich in
Are sweet potatoes healthy? Were giving you the scoop on sweet potato nutrition, how to cook sweet potatoes, and our favorite sweet potato recipes.
پیچیدگی برگ از بیماری‌های خسارت‌زای گوجه‌فرنگی است که توسط چندین ویروس از جنس Begomovirus (خانواده Geminiviridae) از جمله ویروس پیچیدگی برگ زرد گوجه‌فرنگی (TYLCV) ایجاد می‌شود. این ویروس‌ توسط سفید‌بالک Bemisia tabaci منتقل می‌شود. بمنطور بررسی تغییرات وقوع و شدت بیماری و تخمین جمعیت ناقل ویروس در سه رقم گوجه‌فرنگی شامل YRMT، PANDA-F1 و BRST، 15 گیاه از هر رقم که در گلخانه‌ پرورشی-تولیدی دانشکده کشاورزی شیراز کشت شده بودند بصورت تصادفی انتخاب و میزان آلودگی طبیعی آنها به جدایه ایرانی TYLCV (TYLCV[Ab]) در فواصل زمانی 20 روز (از 20 روز پس از تاریخ کاشت تا انتهای 100 روز) بوسیله آزمون PCR با استفاده
sweet potato pellets,complete details about sweet potato pellets provided by Junan Dehong Trading Co., Ltd.. You may also find other latest sweet potato pellets selling and buying leads on weiku.com.
No wonder that sweet potatoes are chock a full of benefits for the human body! Here are 11 amazing health benefits of sweet potato juice for you to know & incorporate in your diet
Dogs can eat sweet potato as long as its served to them as a treat and not as the main dish. But, should they eat raw or cooked sweet potato? We know!
Sweet potatoes are most commonly known as a side dish at Thanksgiving dinner, but they can be incorporated into dozens of tasty dishes throughout the year (although November and December hold the root in its prime). Sweet potatoes are nutritious, high in antioxidants, vitamin A (giving it an orange color from ...
Learn more about how sweet potatoes have an impressive nutritional profile and the benefits to adding sweet potatoes to your diet.
I have a couple friends who grow professionally. Some deal in horticultural and traditional farming, others grow hydroponically. The ones who work in the latter - a majority, at least - say lettuce was their first try at hydroponics. It didnt cost much to start and, depending on the demand, it was a great revenue area (read more about indoor lettuce on page 10).. The hydro guys tell me growing lettuce gives you more bang for your buck; less time and effort (relatively speaking); and no soil. On the other side, the traditional growers say the soil is important. Thats where the relationship with farming starts, plus whos a better assistant than Mother Nature? Honestly, we can go back and forth on this. However, I digress.. We are here for lettuce, and we head out West - Arizona - this month for our featured producer, Mellon Farms in Yuma (page 12). Arizona, as well as California, serves as the epicenter for the green leaf. Together, the two states account for 98 percent of leaf lettuce ...
Lettuce In! by Tina Gallo - Knock, knock. Whos there? Lettuce! Lettuce who? Lettuce in, its cold out here! From the first knock-knock joke to the last, Lettuce...
A big bowl of creamy soup makes for a perfectly comforting lunch or dinner on a chilly day. Rather than calling for loads of butter or cream, this sweet potato soup recipe is pureed to achieve a similarly silky texture.
Im going to grow sweet potato slips this year. How much time should I plan on from when I put them in the water until I plant the rooted slips in the ground?
They are easily available. They are inexpensive. And they are delicious. Whether it is in casseroles or pies or even fries, sweet potatoes are a common addition to our diet.
Overall, sweet potato is one of the healthiest tubular vegetables but what is the best way to eat it? Can you eat it raw and unprepared?
Calories, carbs, fat, protein, fiber, cholesterol, and more for Sweet potato (Canned, mashed). Want to use it in a meal plan? Head to the diet generator and enter the number of calories you want.
PLDs. ROM : Programmable OR array PLA : Programmable Logic Array . Programmable OR - AND arrays. PAL : Programmable Array Logic . Programmable AND array, fixed OR GAL : Generic Array Logic Slideshow 3355545 by anana
MODEL RELEASED. Lettuce harvest. Man holding lettuces (Lactuca sativa) from his allotment. Lettuces are a good source of vitamins and minerals. Photographed in Madrid, Spain. - Stock Image E768/0299
Here are a few tips and photos to help you get as early a crop of lettuce as possible. Sometimes the temperature is near freezing as I pick my early lettuce. As the photos show, this should not stop you from getting an organic bounty earlier in the spring than you thought possible.
Butterhead Lettuce found in: Lettuce Seeds - All The Year Round, …favourite with crisp, compact white hearts. Butterhead variety.Tom says:..
I am interested in the history of the spread of plants (and organisms, in general) around the world, and you should be too… Chances are, every meal you have ever […]. ...
Looking for Farmers Direct Organic Baby Butter Lettuce? Order from FreshDirect now for fast delivery. 100% happiness guarantee!
In the south seed can be sown from the middle of March and a little later in the north in drills 1 ft. apart and at a depth of ½ in. (12mm) make sowings every 14 days until the middle of July; this will ensure a succession of well-hearted lettuce ...
Salads are the staple of the Mediterranean diet, the healthiest in the world, so find out how to grow your very own lettuce, here. From growing to preparing.
Buy and download royalty-free image ID 1897531: Attractive male cutting lettuce, making a salad on the kitchen counter. White bowl to his side and he is we..
When I first got interested in wild flowers, I lived in Durham. Wall Lettuce is quite unusual in the north. I think the first time I came across it was beside a waterfall in Wensleydale. This gave it an element of glamour in my eyes ...
Hes happy to see us. Each week when we visit the Senior Center I see my little friend waiting in line as the truck-the Veggie Mobile-pulls up to the front curb. He stands there bow-legged and smiling. He knows our routine and lingers patiently with all the others while we set up. It takes three…
花月正春风/刘墉作/绢本设色/工笔/76.5x46.5CM/2013 即使 天堂 是不愁吃穿3不必工作3永永远远活着3 那活着有什么意义3 正因为有苦恼3才有解决的快乐; 正因为有病痛3才有痊愈的欢喜4 正因为有忧愁3才有忘忧的美好4 正因为有今天的不足3 ...
Thanks Gary... Oh! I almost forgot this. Kratky Lettuce in 10 Gallon Totes February 13th, 2015 - I decided to make two new Kratky Lettuce...
Criniviruses are considered a threat to crops, though less so than viruses the other whitefly transmitted virus genus ... Abutilon yellows virus (AbYV (sometimes AYB) is a virus of the genus Crinivirus. Particle lengths were measured at 800-850 nm. ... "Particle lengths of whitefly-transmitted criniviruses." Plant Disease 84.7 (2000): 803-805. Kataya, A. R. A., Stavridou, E., ... Wintermantel, W. M. (2004). Emergence of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) transmitted criniviruses as threats to ...
While Criniviruses are bipartite and transmitted by whiteflies. Genera: Ampelovirus Closterovirus Crinivirus Velarivirus ...
Genus Crinivirus. *Genus Velarivirus. *Familie Endornaviridae (früher als dsRNA klassifiziert). *Genus Alphaendornavirus ...
... (BPYV) is a species of virus in the genus Crinivirus. The virus was first recognised by James E. ...
Mukasa, S.B.; Rubaihayo, P.R.; Valkonen, J.P.T. (June 2006). "Interactions between a crinivirus, an ipomovirus and a potyvirus ... "Synergistic Interactions of a Potyvirus and a Phloem-Limited Crinivirus in Sweet Potato Plants". Virology. 269 (1): 26-36. doi: ...
... a member of the genus Crinivirus". Journal of General Virology. 84 (Pt 4): 1007-12. doi:10.1099/vir.0.18605-0. PMID 12655104. ...
... terminal structures among members of the genus Crinivirus". J. Gen. Virol. 85 (Pt 7): 2065-75. doi:10.1099/vir.0.79910-0. PMID ...
Copiparvovirus Coralvirus Coriovirus Corndogvirus Cornellvirus Corticovirus Cosavirus Cosmacovirus Crahelivirus Crinivirus ...
... crinivirus MeSH B04.715.150.150 - comovirus MeSH B04.715.150.250 - fabavirus MeSH B04.715.150.500 - nepovirus MeSH B04.715. ... crinivirus MeSH B04.820.150.150 - comovirus MeSH B04.820.150.250 - fabavirus MeSH B04.820.150.500 - nepovirus MeSH B04.820. ...
... , formerly the lettuce infectious yellows virus group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. They are ... Crinivirus. In: ICTVdB-The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA " ... Viruses in the genus Crinivirus are non-enveloped, with bipartite filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with ... ICTV Report: Closteroviridae Viralzone: Crinivirus Rfam entry for 3'-terminal pseudoknot in SPCSV Rfam entry for 3'-terminal ...
Crinivirus, formerly the lettuce infectious yellows virus group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. They are ... Crinivirus. In: ICTVdB-The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA " ... Viruses in the genus Crinivirus are non-enveloped, with bipartite filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with ... ICTV Report: Closteroviridae Viralzone: Crinivirus Rfam entry for 3-terminal pseudoknot in SPCSV Rfam entry for 3-terminal ...
DOVAS, C.I.; KATIS, N.I.; AVGELIS, A.D. Multiplex detection of criniviruses associated with epidemics of a yellowing disease of ... A aplicação de fungicidas pode incrementar a produção de tomateiro coinfectado por Begomovirus e Crinivirus ... Crinivirus) and the progression of viral concentration by qPCR, as well as to quantify fruit yield and quality. Experiment I ... Crinivirus) e a progressão da concentração viral por qPCR, bem como quantificar a produção e a qualidade de frutos. O ...
The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ... The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ... The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ... The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but ...
... a new member of the genus Crinivirus, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of bean yellow disorder virus, a new member of the genus Crinivirus. ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of bean yellow disorder virus, a new member of the genus Crinivirus. ... Further variability within the genus Crinivirus, as revealed by determination of the complete RNA genome sequence of Cucurbit ...
In this study, Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) of the genus Crinivirus was engineered into a virus vector that is ... In this study, Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) of the genus Crinivirus was engineered into a virus vector that is ... LIYV-derived vectors could provide a technical reference for developing vectors of other economically important criniviruses. ...
Genus Crinivirus. *Genus Velarivirus. *Familie Endornaviridae (früher als dsRNA klassifiziert). *Genus Alphaendornavirus ...
Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission Crinivirus Plants ... Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation Crinivirus Filamentous Non-enveloped Linear Bipartite ...
Crinivirus. Family. Flaviviridae. Genus. Flavivirus. Genus. Pestivirus. Genus. Hepacivirus. Family. Hepeviridae. Genus. ...
IPOMOEA BATATAS; CRINIVIRUS; VIRUSES; PLANT VIRUSES; SYNERGISM; RNA; VIRUS; VIRUS DE LAS PLANTAS; SINERGISMO ... Synergistic interactions of begomoviruses with Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in sweet potato (Ipomoea ... Synergistic interactions of begomoviruses with sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in sweetpotato (Ipomoea ...
Epidemiology of criniviruses, an emerging problem in world agriculture - Tzanetakis, I.E., Martin, R.R., Wintermantel, W.M. ... Diodia vein chlorosis virus is a group-1 crinivirus - Tzanetakis, I.E., Wintermantel, W.M., Poudel, B., Zhou, J. 2011. Diodia ... TWO CRINIVIRUSES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRAWBERRY PALLIDOSIS DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Halgren, A.B., Keller, K.E., ... PROGRESS ON MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF CRINIVIRUSES IN TOMATO - Wintermantel, W.M. 2006. Progress on management and control of ...
Epidemiology of criniviruses, an emerging problem in world agriculture - Tzanetakis, I.E., Martin, R.R., Wintermantel, W.M. ... TWO CRINIVIRUSES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRAWBERRY PALLIDOSIS DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Halgren, A.B., Keller, K.E., ... TWO CRINIVIRUSES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRAWBERRY PALLIDOSIS DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Halgren, A.B., Keller, K.E., ... YELLOW VEIN-AFFECTED BLACKBERRIES AND THE PRESENCE OF A NOVEL CRINIVIRUS - Susaimuthu, J., Tzanetakis, I.E., Gergerich, R.C., ...
Genus: Crinivirus Species: Tomato infectious chlorosis virus Name[edit]. Tomato infectious chlorosis virus ...
Figure 4. Genome organisation of Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV), the type species of the genus Crinivirus showing the ... The family comprises four genera, Closterovirus, Ampelovirus, Crinivirus and Velarivirus, which differ in genome type ( ... A characterising trait of three genera (Closterovirus, Ampelovirus and Crinivirus) is the type of vectors that mediate ... Kiss ZA, Medina V and Falk BW (2014) Crinivirus replication and host interaction. Frontiers in Microbiology 4 (99): 1-11. ...
C. Closteroviruses and Criniviruses. VI. Thrips (Thysanoptera). A. Thrip Anatomy. B. Tospovirus Transmission. C. Virus-Vector ...
Criniviruses are considered a threat to crops, though less so than viruses the other whitefly transmitted virus genus ... Abutilon yellows virus (AbYV (sometimes AYB) is a virus of the genus Crinivirus. Particle lengths were measured at 800-850 nm. ... "Particle lengths of whitefly-transmitted criniviruses." Plant Disease 84.7 (2000): 803-805. Kataya, A. R. A., Stavridou, E., ... Wintermantel, W. M. (2004). Emergence of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) transmitted criniviruses as threats to ...
Efficient Protein Expression and Virus-Induced Gene Silencing in Plants Using a Crinivirus-Derived Vector. ... Accumulation of 24 nucleotide transgene-derived siRNAs is associated with crinivirus immunity in transgenic plants. ...
2008). It is a crinivirus in the family Closteroviridae. CYSDV can persist in the whitefly adult for up to 9 days, the longest ... Transmission properties of whitefly-borne criniviruses and their impact on virus epidemiology. In: Virus-Insect-Plant ... time of any crinivirus (Wisler and Duffus 2001). It affects all cucurbit crops, causing reduced fruit size and sugar content. ...
... a new whitefly-transmitted and phloem-limited Crinivirus infecting tomatoes in Europe, is reported for the first time in ... Expansion of tomatoinfecting Criniviruses into new areas. In: Plant Virus Epidemiology: Current Status and Future Prospects, ... Co-infection by two criniviruses alters accumulation of each virus in a host-specific manner and influences efficiency of virus ... Methods for detection and differentiation of existing and new crinivirus species through multiplex and degenerate primer RT-PCR ...
Epidemiology of criniviruses: an emerging problem in world agriculture. *Ioannis E Tzanetakis, Robert R Martin, William M. ... Whitefly-transmitted criniviruses of cucurbits: current status and future prospects. *Peter E. Abrahamian, Yusuf Abou-Jawdah ... First report of Beet pseudo yellows virus in strawberry in the United States: A second crinivirus able to cause pallidosis ... Co-infection by two criniviruses alters accumulation of each virus in a host-specific manner and influences efficiency of virus ...
Abutilon yellows virus (AbYV) - Crinivirus. *AY422070 Abutilon yellows virus coat protein gene and partial coat protein, ...
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (Crinivirus). CP May beetle. Phyllophaga spp.. CP Melon fruit fly. Bactrocera cucurbitae. FS ...
... genus Crinivirus) is an emerging virus which causes severe diseases on melon (Cucumis melo) plants. CCYV-infected melon plants ... Host Range and Complete Genome Sequence of Cucurbit Chlorotic Yellows Virus, a New Member of the Genus Crinivirus M Okuda et al ... Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (family Closteroviridae, genus Crinivirus) is an emerging virus which causes severe ...
PYVV Closteroviridae-Crinivirus, is a quarentine, phloem-limited potato virus, with a tripartite ssRNA(+). It causes yellowing ...
Symptoms resembled those caused by viruses of the genus Crinivirus (family Closteroviridae), but absence or very low ... CYSDV and BPYV are two yellowing-inducing criniviruses previously described in Spain. In contrast, standard double-antibody ...
PYVV is classified as a tentative species of the Crinivirus genus in the Closteroviridae family. PYVV has a tripartite single ... Potato yellow vein virus: its host range, distribution in South America and identification as a crinivirus transmitted by ... Geographically distant isolates of the crinivirus Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus show very low genetic diversity in ... Several references pointing to similar results indicate that low heterogeneity is the norm for viruses in the genus Crinivirus. ...
In all criniviruses, the order of the CP and CPm ORFs is reversed compared to that of species in the genus Closterovirus. Sweet ... Genus Crinivirus. Type species Lettuce infectious yellows virus. Distinguishing features. The genus comprises species ... List of other related viruses which may be members of the genus Crinivirus but have not been approved as species. ... Criniviruses infect primarily herbaceous hosts, in which they induce extensive chlorosis to yellow discoloration of the leaves ...
A Distinct, Non-Virion Plant Virus Movement Protein Encoded by a Crinivirus Essential for Systemic Infection Plant viruses ...
Host range and complete genome sequence of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus, a new member of the genus Crinivirus. ... Epidemiology of criniviruses: An emerging problem in world agriculture. Front. Microbiol., Vol. 4. 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00119 ... Symptoms induced by CYSDV, CCYV and other Criniviruses are very similar and their differentiation relies on the application of ... The CCYV is a novel cucurbit-infecting crinivirus which was first identified in melon crops in Kumamoto, Japan, in 2004 ( ...
Karyeija RF, Kreuze JF, Gibson RW, Valkonen JPT (2000) Synergistic interactions of a potyvirus and a phloem-limited crinivirus ...
Multiple suppressors of RNA silencing encoded by both genomic RNAs of the crinivirus, Tomato chlorosis virus. Virology 379:168- ...
  • Crinivirus, formerly the lettuce infectious yellows virus group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viruses in the genus Crinivirus are non-enveloped, with bipartite filamentous geometries. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas the species Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV), which belongs to the genus Crinivirus , is transmitted by two different genera of the Aleyrodidae family, Bemisia ( B. tabaci ) and Trialeurodes ( T. vaporariorum and T. abutilonea ), via semi-persistent/non-circulative transmission ( Wintermantel & Wisler, 2006 ). (scielo.br)
  • Here, we demonstrate that the Nicotiana benthamiana RDR6 is involved in defence against the bipartite crinivirus (genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV). (nih.gov)
  • The genus Crinivirus belongs to the Mountain View, CA, USA). (deepdyve.com)
  • In this study, Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV) of the genus Crinivirus was engineered into a virus vector that is applicable for efficient protein expression and virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) in plants. (escholarship.org)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synergistic interactions of begomoviruses with sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L. (cgiar.org)
  • Synergistic interactions of begomoviruses with Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (genus Crinivirus) in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.). Molecular Plant Pathology. (cgiar.org)
  • Abutilon yellows virus (AbYV (sometimes AYB) is a virus of the genus Crinivirus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Criniviruses are considered a threat to crops, though less so than viruses the other whitefly transmitted virus genus Begomovirus, which are predominant in both number and effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (family Closteroviridae, genus Crinivirus) is an emerging virus which causes severe diseases on melon (Cucumis melo) plants. (nih.gov)
  • Symptoms resembled those caused by viruses of the genus Crinivirus (family Closteroviridae ), but absence or very low populations of whiteflies were observed. (apsnet.org)
  • PYVV is classified as a tentative species of the Crinivirus genus in the Closteroviridae family. (scielo.org.co)
  • As for other bipartite criniviruses (genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae), the genome of Tomato chlorosis virus encodes an RNA silencing suppressor, the protein p22, in the 3′-proximal region of RNA1. (ebscohost.com)
  • Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) of the genus Crinivirus within the family Closteroviridae is an emerging infectious agent of cucurbits leading to severe disease and significant economic losses. (usda.gov)
  • Beet pseudoyellows virus is a species of virus in the genus Crinivirus. (google-wiki.info)
  • Secondary structure prediction of the 3′-untranslated regions of all three PYVV RNAs revealed four conserved stem-loop structures and a 3′-terminal pseudoknot structure, also predicted for all fully characterized members of the genus Crinivirus and some members of the genera Closterovirus and Ampelovirus. (herts.ac.uk)
  • NEW KIT - CYSDV (DAS-ELISA) - Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus ( CYSDV ) belongs to the Closteroviridae family and to the genus Crinivirus . (sediag.com)
  • Computer assisted analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence of the assembled HSP70 homolog gene fragments showed that BPYV and CYSDV are closely related to each other and individually as closely related to the corresponding gene of lettuce infectious yellows virus, which is the prototype member of the recently proposed Crinivirus genus of whitefly-transmitted, bipartite closteroviruses. (herts.ac.uk)
  • The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of fungicide application on the concentration of Tomato severe rugose virus (ToSRV, Begomovirus ) in the 'Mariana' hybrid tomato coinfected with ToSRV and Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV, Crinivirus ) and the progression of viral concentration by qPCR, as well as to quantify fruit yield and quality. (scielo.br)
  • O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de fungicidas na concentração de Tomato severe rugose virus (ToSRV, Begomovirus ) no híbrido de tomateiro 'Mariana' coinfectado por ToSRV e Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV, Crinivirus ) e a progressão da concentração viral por qPCR, bem como quantificar a produção e a qualidade de frutos. (scielo.br)
  • The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but Important for Counteractin. (nih.gov)
  • The p22 RNA Silencing Suppressor of the Crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus is Dispensable for Local Viral Replication but Important for Counteracting an Antiviral RDR6-Mediated Response during Systemic Infection. (nih.gov)
  • Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV), a new whitefly-transmitted and phloem-limited Crinivirus infecting tomatoes in Europe, is reported for the first time in Portugal. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Tomato Chlorosis Virus (ToCV) is a white fly-transmitted and phloem-limited crinivirus reported in this study for the first time in Egypt. (scialert.net)
  • El objetivo de este trabajo fue detectar infecciones causadas por el Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV) y begomovirus en plántulas de tomate, y en las arvenses de los alrededores de los invernaderos. (ncsu.edu)
  • Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) and Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) are two emergent viruses that belong to the genus Crinivirus in the family Closteroviridae. (scialert.net)
  • Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) is a bipartite cucurbit-infecting crinivirus within the family Closteroviridae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The criniviruses Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) and Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) occur in mixed infection at high rates in cucumber greenhouses in Lebanon. (usda.gov)
  • Pairwise comparisons and phylogeny of genome-encoded proteins showed that PYVV shares significant homology with other criniviruses but is most closely related to the Trialeurodes vaporariorum-vectored Cucumber yellows virus. (herts.ac.uk)
  • The family comprises four genera, Closterovirus , Ampelovirus , Crinivirus and Velarivirus , which differ in genome type (monopartite, bipartite or tripartite) and size, and in epidemiological behaviour. (els.net)
  • The crinivirus genome varies among genera. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Abstract Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV, Crinivirus/Closteroviridae), contains a tripartite genome with ssRNA(+), is phloem limited and can affect yield reduction. (unal.edu.co)
  • A characterising trait of three genera ( Closterovirus, Ampelovirus and Crinivirus ) is the type of vectors that mediate transmission from host to host. (els.net)
  • In the past two decades, viruses in the genera Crinivirus and Begomovirus, transmitted by whiteflies, have emerged as threatening diseases to cucurbit cultivation. (usda.gov)
  • Amongst samples of the sweet potato chlorotic stunt crinivirus (SPCSV) obtained from crops of sweet potato in Uganda, two serotypes (SEA1 and SEA2) were distinguished using a panel of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to a Kenyan isolate of SPCSV. (www.gov.uk)
  • Particle lengths of whitefly-transmitted criniviruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is due to co-infection with Sweet potato feathery mottle potyvirus (SPFMV) and Sweetpotato chlorotic stunt crinivirus (SPCSV). (mak.ac.ug)
  • Because passion fruit is semiperennial, this longer production period is more advantageous from an economic standpoint than complete annual substitution," said Rezende , principal investigator for the Thematic Project "Begomovirus and Crinivirus in Solanaceae", which also relates to viruses in food crops. (globalplantcouncil.org)
  • En este trabajo se estimó la estructura poblacional y variación genética del virus del amarillamiento de las venas de la papa (PYVV) infectando cultivos en Colombia por medio del análisis de 69 secuencias nucleotídicas y aminoácidos deducidos de la proteína mayor de la cápside (CP) reportados en el banco de genes (GenBank). (scielo.org.co)
  • Los aislamientos de PYVV fueron obtenidos de los hospederos Solanum tuberosum (ST ) y Solanum phureja (SP) en diferentes regiones de Colombia, predominantemente los departamentos de Cundinamarca, Antioquia y Nariño localizados en la región Central y Sur Oeste del país respectivamente. (scielo.org.co)
  • El análisis bioinformático reveló que a pesar de la amplia distribución geográfica de los hospederos y diferentes años de colecta, PYVV mantiene un similitud genética entre 97,1 y 100,0% indicando una gran estabilidad genética espacial y temporal en la CP. (scielo.org.co)
  • Título en ingles: Comparison of RNA isolation methods for Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV) detection by RT-PCR in different organs of Solanum tuberosum Group Phureja Título corto: comparación de métodos de extracción de RNAResumen Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV, Crinivirus/Closteroviridae), contiene genoma tripartita de ssRNA(+), se limita al floema y causa pérdidas en la producción. (unal.edu.co)
  • PYVV se detectó por RT-PCR en todos los órganos analizados por los tres métodos de extracción. (unal.edu.co)
  • CYSDV can persist in the whitefly adult for up to 9 days, the longest time of any crinivirus (Wisler and Duffus 2001). (ufl.edu)
  • CYSDV and BPYV are two yellowing-inducing criniviruses previously described in Spain. (apsnet.org)
  • Symptoms induced by CYSDV, CCYV and other Criniviruses are very similar and their differentiation relies on the application of laboratory-based detection techniques ( Wintermantel and Wisler, 2006 ). (scialert.net)
  • Le Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus ( CYSDV ), qui appartient à la famille des Closteroviridae et au genre Crinivirus , infecte les cucurbitacées au Moyen-Orient et dans le pourtour méditerranéen (Egypte, Maroc, Espagne, Portugal, Sud de la France depuis 2001). (sediag.com)
  • Efficient Protein Expression and Virus-Induced Gene Silencing in Plants Using a Crinivirus-Derived Vector. (escholarship.org)
  • Co-infection by two criniviruses alters accumulation of each virus in a host-specific manner and influences efficiency of virus transmission. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Es un virus re-emergente y cuarentenario en Europa y Estados Unidos. (unal.edu.co)
  • Se desconoce como es la distribución del virus en plantas infectadas lo que hace necesario establecer un método de extracción de RNA, que sea eficiente en la obtención de material a partir de diferentes órganos. (unal.edu.co)
  • además, permitió la detección del virus por RT-PCR en todos los órganos evaluados. (unal.edu.co)
  • Potato yellow vein virus: its host range, distribution in South America and identification as a Crinivirus transmitted by Trialeurodes vaporariorum. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Essais et analyses en virologie végétale - Détection de virus, viroïdes et phytoplasmes des végétaux. (sediag.com)
  • The co- infection of cucurbits with criniviruses and ipomoviruses: possible adverse effect on virus diagnosis and breeding for resistance. (j-virol-sci.com)
  • Natural co-infection of solanum tuberosum crops by the potato yellow vein virus and potyvirus in colombia - Descarga este documento en PDF. (duhnnae.com)
  • Emergence of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) transmitted criniviruses as threats to vegetable and fruit production in North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biologia y manejo de la mosca blanca Trialeurodes vaporariorum en habichuela y en frijol. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Requerimientos termicos para el desarrollo de Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) criado en Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). (freethesaurus.com)
  • saponaria en insectos de la especie Trialeurodes vaporariroum, es generada por convulsiones debido a disminucion en el consumo de oxigeno y ataxia (42,44). (freethesaurus.com)
  • Asi mismo, Arias y Cano (1996) determinaron la actividad disuasora o repelente del jugo de fique sobre las plagas Liriomyza trifolii y Trialeurodes vaporariorum en condiciones de invernadero. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Methods for detection and differentiation of existing and new crinivirus species through multiplex and degenerate primer RT-PCR. (semanticscholar.org)
  • While Criniviruses are bipartite and transmitted by whiteflies . (eol.org)
  • ampeloviruses by pseudococcid mealybugs and soft scale insects and criniviruses by whiteflies, all with a semipersistent modality. (els.net)
  • Phylogenetic studies showed the clustering of all ToCV isolates including ToCV-Giza in a separate group from the other tested criniviruses. (scialert.net)
  • Therefore, LIYV-derived vectors could provide a technical reference for developing vectors of other economically important criniviruses. (escholarship.org)
  • Effects of the crinivirus coat protein-interacting plant protein SAHH on post-transcriptional RNA silencing and its suppression. (nchu.edu.tw)
  • Symptoms of Criniviruses develop on older leaves and progress toward newer growth inducing nutrition deficiency-like symptoms, interveinal chlorosis, brittleness and thickening of leaves. (scialert.net)