Tax Exemption: Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.Income Tax: Tax on the net income of an individual, organization, or business.Gene Products, tax: Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.Patient Credit and Collection: Accounting procedures for determining credit status and methods of obtaining payment.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.History of MedicineSerial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Human T-lymphotropic virus 1: A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 isolated from mature T4 cells in patients with T-lymphoproliferation malignancies. It causes adult T-cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED), T-cell lymphoma (LYMPHOMA, T-CELL), and is involved in mycosis fungoides, SEZARY SYNDROME and tropical spastic paraparesis (PARAPARESIS, TROPICAL SPASTIC).Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Insurance Pools: An organization of insurers or reinsurers through which particular types of risk are shared or pooled. The risk of high loss by a particular insurance company is transferred to the group as a whole (the insurance pool) with premiums, losses, and expenses shared in agreed amounts.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Immune Sera: Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.United StatesHealth Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Financial Management: The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Genes, pX: DNA sequences that form the coding region for at least three proteins which regulate the expression of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The proteins are p21(x), p27(rex), and p40(tax). The tax (trans-activator x) and rex (regulator x) genes are part of pX but are in overlapping reading frames. X was the original designation for the sequences or region (at that time of unknown function) in the long open reading frame (lor) which is now called pX.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Human T-lymphotropic virus 2: A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.HTLV-I InfectionsClinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell: Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Transcriptional Activation: Processes that stimulate the GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of a gene or set of genes.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Jurkat Cells: A CELL LINE derived from human T-CELL LEUKEMIA and used to determine the mechanism of differential susceptibility to anti-cancer drugs and radiation.Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein: A protein that has been shown to function as a calcium-regulated transcription factor as well as a substrate for depolarization-activated CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES. This protein functions to integrate both calcium and cAMP signals.Leukemia Virus, Bovine: The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.Gene Expression Regulation, Viral: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.Terminal Repeat Sequences: Nucleotide sequences repeated on both the 5' and 3' ends of a sequence under consideration. For example, the hallmarks of a transposon are that it is flanked by inverted repeats on each end and the inverted repeats are flanked by direct repeats. The Delta element of Ty retrotransposons and LTRs (long terminal repeats) are examples of this concept.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.NF-kappa B: Ubiquitous, inducible, nuclear transcriptional activator that binds to enhancer elements in many different cell types and is activated by pathogenic stimuli. The NF-kappa B complex is a heterodimer composed of two DNA-binding subunits: NF-kappa B1 and relA.Intranuclear Space: The area within the CELL NUCLEUS.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Leukemia, T-Cell: A malignant disease of the T-LYMPHOCYTES in the bone marrow, thymus, and/or blood.Cell Transformation, Viral: An inheritable change in cells manifested by changes in cell division and growth and alterations in cell surface properties. It is induced by infection with a transforming virus.Gene Products, rex: Post-transcriptional regulatory proteins required for the accumulation of mRNAs that encode the gag and env gene products in HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The rex (regulator x; x is undefined) products act by binding to elements in the LONG TERMINAL REPEAT.Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic: A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by HUMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA VIRUS I. Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.T-Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.Cell Line, Transformed: Eukaryotic cell line obtained in a quiescent or stationary phase which undergoes conversion to a state of unregulated growth in culture, resembling an in vitro tumor. It occurs spontaneously or through interaction with viruses, oncogenes, radiation, or drugs/chemicals.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.HTLV-I Antigens: Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.Accounting: System of recording financial transactions.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid: Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Models, Econometric: The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.HTLV-II InfectionsTrans-Activators: Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.HeLa Cells: The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.I-kappa B Kinase: A protein serine-threonine kinase that catalyzes the PHOSPHORYLATION of I KAPPA B PROTEINS. This enzyme also activates the transcription factor NF-KAPPA B and is composed of alpha and beta catalytic subunits, which are protein kinases and gamma, a regulatory subunit.CREB-Binding Protein: A member of the p300-CBP transcription factor family that was initially identified as a binding partner for CAMP RESPONSE ELEMENT-BINDING PROTEIN. Mutations in CREB-binding protein are associated with RUBINSTEIN-TAYBI SYNDROME.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Hospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.Activating Transcription Factor 1: An activating transcription factor that regulates expression of a variety of genes including C-JUN GENES and TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA2.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors: A large superfamily of transcription factors that contain a region rich in BASIC AMINO ACID residues followed by a LEUCINE ZIPPER domain.Activating Transcription Factors: Activating transcription factors were originally identified as DNA-BINDING PROTEINS that interact with early promoters from ADENOVIRUSES. They are a family of basic leucine zipper transcription factors that bind to the consensus site TGACGTCA of the cyclic AMP response element, and are closely related to CYCLIC AMP-RESPONSIVE DNA-BINDING PROTEIN.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Nuclear Proteins: Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Proviruses: Duplex DNA sequences in eukaryotic chromosomes, corresponding to the genome of a virus, that are transmitted from one cell generation to the next without causing lysis of the host. Proviruses are often associated with neoplastic cell transformation and are key features of retrovirus biology.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Deltaretrovirus Infections: Infections caused by the HTLV or BLV deltaretroviruses. They include human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED).Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Primate T-lymphotropic virus 3: A species of DELTARETROVIRUS that includes the strains SIMIAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)E1A-Associated p300 Protein: A member of the p300-CBP transcription factors that was originally identified as a binding partner for ADENOVIRUS E1A PROTEINS.G-Box Binding Factors: A family of transcription factors found primarily in PLANTS that bind to the G-box DNA sequence CACGTG or to a consensus sequence CANNTG.Enhancer Elements, Genetic: Cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes. Enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.Magnetoencephalography: The measurement of magnetic fields over the head generated by electric currents in the brain. As in any electrical conductor, electric fields in the brain are accompanied by orthogonal magnetic fields. The measurement of these fields provides information about the localization of brain activity which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Magnetoencephalography may be used alone or together with electroencephalography, for measurement of spontaneous or evoked activity, and for research or clinical purposes.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Transcription Factor RelB: A transcription factor that takes part in the NF-kappa-B complex by interacting with NF-KAPPA B P50 SUBUNIT or NF-KAPPA B P52 SUBUNIT. It regulates GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION that is involved in immune and inflammatory responses.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1: A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the acetylation of chloramphenicol to yield chloramphenicol 3-acetate. Since chloramphenicol 3-acetate does not bind to bacterial ribosomes and is not an inhibitor of peptidyltransferase, the enzyme is responsible for the naturally occurring chloramphenicol resistance in bacteria. The enzyme, for which variants are known, is found in both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. EC 2.3.1.28.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.p300-CBP Transcription Factors: A family of histone acetyltransferases that is structurally-related to CREB-BINDING PROTEIN and to E1A-ASSOCIATED P300 PROTEIN. They function as transcriptional coactivators by bridging between DNA-binding TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and the basal transcription machinery. They also modify transcription factors and CHROMATIN through ACETYLATION.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Sumoylation: A type of POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN MODIFICATION by SMALL UBIQUITIN-RELATED MODIFIER PROTEINS (also known as SUMO proteins).Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Nuclear Export Signals: Specific amino acid sequences present in the primary amino acid sequence of proteins which mediate their export from the CELL NUCLEUS. They are rich in hydrophobic residues, such as LEUCINE and ISOLEUCINE.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Genes, Reporter: Genes whose expression is easily detectable and therefore used to study promoter activity at many positions in a target genome. In recombinant DNA technology, these genes may be attached to a promoter region of interest.National Health Insurance, United StatesFeces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Human T-lymphotropic virus 3: A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3 that is genetically similar to STLV-3.Tumor Cells, Cultured: Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Ubiquitination: The act of ligating UBIQUITINS to PROTEINS to form ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes to label proteins for transport to the PROTEASOME ENDOPEPTIDASE COMPLEX where proteolysis occurs.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Tax Credits for Electricity Production from Renewable Sources. DIANE Publishing Company. p. 56. ISBN 1-4223-3419-8. CS1 maint: ...
... was exempted from federal price controls, and was also given a federal tax credit. ... This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced ... The potential of a particular coalbed as a CBM source depends on the following criteria. Cleat density/intensity: cleats are ... With the nation requiring higher energy sources to sustain its development pace, we are confident that CBM will play an ...
This is a federal tax credit aimed at promoting renewable energy resources. To qualify, the hydro source must have a minimum ... 3] Since these are sustainable energy source, are non detrimental to the water sources they utilize and are visually not an ... a specific example is the Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit. ... Using the drop in a river or tidal flows to create electricity may provide a renewable energy source that will have a minimal ...
... it authorizes tax credits for wind and other alternative energy producers; it adds ocean energy sources, including wave and ... The Act provided tangible financial incentives (tax credits) for operators of hybrid vehicles. It helped fuel competition among ... The Act provided gible financial incentives (tax credits) for average homeowners to make environmentally positive changes to ... it authorizes production tax credit of up to $125 million total a year, estimated at 1.8 US¢/kWh during the first eight years ...
... rate for the sale of fuel or power generated from renewable sources of energy; and Tax Credit on domestic capital equipment and ... Each source has pros and cons. The government of the Philippines has legislated a number of policies in order to increase the ... Fiscal incentives include tax reductions, as well as funding assistance from both government and third parties. A number of ... In 2013, these sources contributed 19,903 GWh of electrical energy, representing 26.44 percent of the country's energy needs. ...
These credits are generally limited to the amount of tax on income from foreign (or other state) sources. Federal and state ... or the Earned Income Tax Credit for low income wage earners. Some credits, such as the Work Opportunity Tax Credit, are ... The tax is taxable income, as defined, times a specified tax rate. This tax may be reduced by credits, some of which may be ... Some credits are available only to individuals, such as the child tax credit for each dependent child, American Opportunity Tax ...
Sources credit this coming together of forces in support of historic preservation, and Longsworth especially. Arthur P. Ziegler ... With improved incentives for historic preservation in the form of tax credits and other programs, the focus of urban projects ... The first program that ever really worked was the investment tax credit." With the unprecedented growth in historic ... like the Historic Preservation Fund and Federal Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit program. Preservation Action has several ...
These policies can be a source of tax credits. For example, under the Philadelphia policy, businesses can apply for tax credits ... "Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax, that was approved 2016, which establishes an excise tax of $0.015 per fluid ounce on distributors ... Tax revenue goes toward tobacco education and control programs and has led to a decline of tobacco use in the state.[40] ... In some cities, including Philadelphia, a sugary food tax is employed. This is a part of an amendment to Title 19 of the ...
The S corporation tax credit expired at the end of 2013. This summary is based largely on the summary provided by the ... This is a public domain source. H.R. 4453 would amend the Internal Revenue Code to make permanent a five-year recognition ... Zaretsky, Renu (10 June 2014). "Repatriation, Havens, and Tax Reform Abroad". Tax Policy Center. Retrieved 10 June 2014. "S ... and credits to the shareholders who pay the taxes. The bill was introduced into the United States House of Representatives ...
Sources of funding include credit, venture capital, donations, grants, savings, subsidies, and taxes. Fundings such as ... while the term financing is used when the firm acquires capital from external sources. ...
Income tax is deducted at the source, which is called pay-as-you-earn (PAYE). Each employee has a personal tax credit of 52,907 ... The corporate tax rate is 20%, one of the lowest in the world. The standard rate of value-added tax is 24%, with a reduced rate ... Taxes in Iceland are levied by the state and the municipalities. Property rights are strong and Iceland is one of the few ... Despite low tax rates, overall taxation and consumption is still much higher than in countries such as Ireland. Employment ...
Oklahoma ended the half-cent tax credit for wind by July 2017. All zero-emission rebates were $60 million in the 2014 tax year ... Source: List of wind farms in the United States "Oklahoma governor signs bills to end wind incentive, airfield loophole". 18 ... In 2010 Oklahoma adopted a goal of generating 15% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2015. Wind power accounted for ...
... of electricity from renewable sources by 2025 - if it is cost effective. Since 2011, with the 30% federal tax credit, prices ... Utah allows up to 25% $2,000 tax credit for residential systems and up to 10% $50,000 credit for commercial systems. St. George ... Utah also provides a nonrefundable and refundable tax credit for qualifying solar projects. A bill in the Utah Senate, SB0115 ... state tax revenue and local tax revenue, as outlined in the table below from 2012 report by the Bureau of Economic and Business ...
Notably, Wen Jiaobao abolished the main agricultural tax. Joseph Kahn suggests that Chen and Wu's book may deserve some credit ... Under the rule of Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao, policies were implemented to ease some of the sources of discontent in rural China ... The book features four cases of villages where there was excessive extraction of taxes and the like by local CCP cadres and ... It then provides a more analytical discussion of the historical background and the institutional sources of the conflicts ...
The rates for these credits would make tax burdens on all income sources the same. Taxes on new investments by households would ... Under Efficient Taxation of Income, each dollar of new business investment would generate a credit against taxes on business ... Earned income would be taxed at a flat rate of 10%, while property-type income would be taxed at 30%. The plan was created by ... Income tax in the United States Taxation in the United States Jorgenson, Dale; Yun, Kun-Young (2002-11-15). "Efficient Taxation ...
The PTC is a corporate tax credit for several renewable sources including wind, which credited 1.5₡ per kWh for electricity ... A second incentive of PTC is wind developers can receive a 30% Investment Tax Credit(ITC) in place of the Production Tax Credit ... The 1990s saw rise to a new type of tax credit, the production tax credit, which propelled technological improvements to the ... the amount of credit, and the cost of the credit differs between states. Using state incentives and tax credits helps meet ...
... she helped the School Tuition Organization Tax Credit Bill become law. The bill created a tax-exempt funding source for funding ... tuition tax credits, charter schools, and open enrollment. Political leaders for whom she has worked included several governors ...
... was exempted from federal price controls, and was also given a federal tax credit. In Australia, commercial ... In recent decades it has become an important source of energy in United States, Canada, Australia, and other countries. The ... With the nation requiring higher energy sources to sustain its development pace, we are confident that CBM will play an ... Analysis of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of energy sources indicates that generating electricity from CBM, as with ...
Coalbed methane was exempted from federal price controls, and was also given a federal tax credit. Coalbed methane as a ... "Attachment 5. The Powder River Coal Basin". Evaluation of Impacts to Underground Sources of Drinking Water by Hydraulic ... The US Department of Energy funded research into a number of unconventional gas sources, including coalbed methane. ...
This target would achieve this goal by providing tax credits to businesses that use renewable energy sources. The Bush ... emissions credits. Under the proposed cap-and-trade program, all GHG emissions credits would be auctioned off, generating an ... Instead, it advocates building the Keystone XL pipeline, outlawing a carbon tax, and stopping all fracking regulations. Donald ... The economic policies include setting carbon taxes on fossil fuels, removing subsidies for fossil fuels, nuclear power, biomass ...
This target would achieve this goal by providing tax credits to businesses that use renewable energy sources. In June 2005, US ...
This target would achieve this goal by providing tax credits to businesses that use renewable energy sources. In 2007, the U.S ... The single largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. is power generation. For example, data from 2012 put that ... The Clean Energy Biofuels Act, signed in late July, exempts cellulosic ethanol from the state's gasoline tax, but only if the ... This is to be accomplished by several executive actions: Clean Power Plan - regulating sources of electricity (put on hold by ...
For example, legislators in Hawaii introduced a bill that would create an energy storage tax credit. In California, the state ... This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced ... Power stations may be located (for example) near a fuel source or at a dam site (to take advantage of renewable energy sources ... Institutions such as hospitals, sewage treatment plants, mines, shelters and the like will usually have backup power sources ...
Since 2002, taxpayers have been eligible for income tax credits for gas/electric hybrid vehicles. A "gas-guzzler" tax has been ... However, ground, air and water source heat pump systems, solar heating systems and evaporative coolers are among the more ... The Energy Policy Act of 2005 included incentives which provided a tax credit of 30% of the cost of the new item with a $500 ... Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit. DSIRE. "Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency® - DSIRE". dsireusa. ...
... taxing, regulating marijuana; Expanding "Earned Income Tax Credits" eligibility. The IDP supports: Removing cap on Social ... The IDP supports: Energy independence with locally owned renewable, eco-sustainable sources. Carbon/mercury sequestration; safe ... The IDP supports: Revoking tax breaks for and imposing heavy tax penalties on corporations sending jobs out of the country; ... signed House File 2532 which allows benefits paid for by the Veterans Trust Fund to be exempted from individual income taxes. ...
One source for this was when, as a very young boy, he would hear his father, grandfather, and cowboys give out loud cries when ... We sure not tryin' to take credit for swingin' it." Speaking of Milt Brown and himself working with songs done by Jimmie Davis ... to managers later revealed to be dishonest left Wills in desperate financial straits with heavy debts to the IRS for back taxes ... According to one source, he appeared in a total of 19 films.[23] ...
As a self-employed practitioner, there is no employer that deducts payroll source deductions and personal income taxes from the ... education or other tax credits available).. When you transition to practicing your health profession after graduating or after ... as a prepayment of your personal taxes. As a result, when you prepare your personal income tax return, your personal tax ... What You Need To Know About Personal Income Tax Instalments * MANAGE YOUR MONEY-Last minute RRSP tips - save on taxes, save ...
... through a branch or which have a permanent establishment within the Republic are subject to tax on all income from a source ... Companies will no longer be allowed to manually capture PAYE credits and will only be able to submit their ITR14 returns with ... Careers Media Procurement Glossary T&Cs Site Map Tax Can Be Fun National Treasury Davis Tax Committee Office of the Tax Ombud ... What is Corporate Income Tax?. Corporate Income Tax (CIT) is a tax imposed on companies resident in the Republic of South ...
Get details of personal income tax provisions for the financial year 2018-2019 and the income tax slabs and exemption limits ... This applies to all tax liabilities of the individual, with the exception of tax deducted at source (TDS). ... Personal Income Tax Provisions for FY 2018-19. Death, taxes and childbirth! Theres never any convenient time for any of them. ... Payment of advance tax by senior citizens. As per Section 208, every person whose estimated tax liability for the year is Rs ...
The problem they are addressing is that individuals cant, regardless of whether they are writing open source or proprietary ... Corporations developing open source tools can already get the write-offs. ... An open source tax credit?. Corporations developing open source tools can already get the write-offs. The problem they are ... have developed a proposal they call the Open Source Tax Credit. The idea is that corporations can write-off their work ...
The typical answer is that if you have coverage from an employer or public program, you are not eligible for tax credits. That ... Many people want to know if they are eligible for premium tax credits for marketplace (exchange) plans. Ive been asked this ... Some people with employer-based coverage are eligible for tax credits. If that coverage is deemed unaffordable, tax credit ... The most confusing source of premium tax credit eligibility made simple, in one chart. ...
... so its good to know it comes with some tax credits. Learn about tax credits for single parents at HowStuffWorks. ... Even if you dont owe any taxes, you could still receive the credit in the form of a refund up to $1,000 [source: IRS]. ... There is one important distinction between the Premium Tax Credit and other tax credits. The Premium Tax Credit is paid to the ... The Child Tax Credit can shave as much as $1,000 per child off your tax bill. And, if the credit exceeds the taxes you owe, a ...
Taxpayers are leaving millions of dollars off their returns. Why Americans repeatedly overlook this lucrative tax credit. ... Pinning down its source, and learning more about how it acts and develops, are keys to fighting the virus better. ...
AP sources: Obama to seek freeze on part of budget President Barack Obama will ask Congress to freeze spending for some ... Small businesses say no to health care tax credit When Josh King heard that small businesses could get a tax credit for ... Lawmakers seek to extend $8,000 tax credit Lawmakers are trying to extend and expand an $8,000 federal tax credit for first- ... Idaho House favors private school tax credits The House voted 35-33 for a tax break for those who donate to private and ...
... a refundable tax credit for people with low to moderate income, has transformed this credit into a principal antipoverty ... EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit). Congressional Research Service. An overview of the EITC published January 19, 2016, includes ... See also the Statistics for Tax Returns with EITC page.. Tax Policy Center EITC Page An Urban Institute and Brookings ... including the number of tax filers claiming the credit between 1975 and 2013. ...
GOP senators hold back support for tax bill over child tax credit ... Paul Ryan eyeing the exits? Speculation mounts over speakers future, as source dismisses gossip ...
Guidance for Providers on vaccine returns for VFC Flu Mist and information about Federal Excise Tax Credit (FETC) ... Federal Excise Tax (FET) Credit. The process for assigning Federal Excise Tax credit is updated to reflect centralized ... Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases homeVFC Home ... VFC Federal Excise Tax Credit and FluMist Replacement Program. ... Federal Excise Tax Credit & FluMist Replacement Program. *Fraud ...
A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to create a refundable tax credit for foster families, and for other purposes ... This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally ... A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to create a refundable tax credit for foster families, and for other purposes ... Foster Care Tax Credit Act, S. 1599, 116th Cong. (2019).. {{cite web. ,url=https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/116/s1599. , ...
A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide a child tax credit for pregnant moms with respect to their unborn ... This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally ... A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide a child tax credit for pregnant moms with respect to their unborn ... Child Tax Credit for Pregnant Moms Act of 2019, S. 1150, 116th Cong.. ...
store.common.metaDescription.CMSFirstPart??? Whats the Source of the Food Poisoning?. We enable science by offering product ... Sales Tax Sales tax will be included on your invoice. If you are exempt from sales tax, please provide proper documentation ... Credit & Invoicing Credit is extended to all educational institutions. Terms are net 30 days from the date of invoice. Teachers ... All orders $24.99 or less (pre-tax) will be subject to an additional $7.00 handling fee. Our shipping terms are FOB shipping ...
Vaccine Excise Tax Credits. Page last reviewed: May 23, 2016 Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory ...
Tax Credits and Deductions. To assist businesses with complying with the ADA, Section 44 of the IRS Code allows a tax credit ... Sources of Technical Assistance. Department of Justice s ADA Information Line. The ADA Information Line is available during ... The tax credit is available to businesses that have total revenues of $1,000,000 or less in the previous tax year or 30 or ... The tax credit can be used to offset the cost of undertaking barrier removal and alterations to improve accessibility; ...
Paid annually by Credit Card. Inclusive of applicable taxes (VAT). *Free gift is only available with annual subscription ... Whos counting on krill? Whatever happened to krill? Once they were touted as a vast untapped source of protein, but few took ...
Paid annually by Credit Card. Inclusive of applicable taxes (VAT). *Free book is only available with annual subscription ... Salt source for ancient Chinese chefs revealed. Life 24 August 2005 CIVILISATION cannot survive without salt. So archaeologists ...
This is a public domain source. H.R. 4935 would increase the amount of the child tax credit and the income thresholds at which ... The Child Tax Credit Improvement Act of 2014 would amend the Internal Revenue Code, with respect to the child tax credit, to: ( ... the threshold amount applicable to married couples fiing joint tax returns above which such tax credit is reduced, and (2) ... The Child Tax Credit Improvement Act of 2014 (H.R. 4935) is a bill that would amend the Internal Revenue Code with respect to ...
Child in hockey, travel on public transit? Boutique tax credits are back on the election radar. Jamie Golombek: Tax credits ... TD took Epsteins money after Deutsche Bank severed ties with the disgraced financier, source says. TD is the third major ...
Child in hockey, travel on public transit? Boutique tax credits are back on the election radar. Jamie Golombek: Tax credits ... TD took Epsteins money after Deutsche Bank severed ties with the disgraced financier, source says. TD is the third major ...
40 million tax credit for a new pharmaceutical plant in Burlington Township, over the border from the Willingboro facility run ... EXCLUSIVE: Murphy soon to tip hand on Opportunity Zones, sources say (1). ... Alcatel-Lucent to lay off 10,000 worldwide; CEO tells French paper plan is last chance• EDA awards first tax credit under its ... Express Scripts seeking $40M tax credit for new South Jersey plant. By Joshua Burd, August 12, 2013 at 2:11 PM ...
Tax deductions typically save our hard-earned cash since it is necessary to find ways to save due to our economic situation. As ... Source. One of the main tax deductions is medical and dental expenses. However, to be deducted medical and dental costs must be ... In addition to these deductions, credits can also be used to decrease tax liability. Earned Income Tax Credit is one of them. ... Property tax deduction is the fifth major tax deduction. These are both state and local property taxes that are commonly tax ...
Source: http://democurmudgeon.blogspot.com/2017/03/trumpcare-not-free-market.html. We encourage you to Share our Reports, ... tax credits to individuals who wouldnt otherwise have access to health insurance. The report called the refundable tax credits ... Republicans are now revolting against Paul Ryans draconian plan, pushing instead to kill any government refundable tax credit ... TrumpCare not free market enough…Republicans back "buy or die" plan with no refundable tax credits. ...
Source: 2008 Facebook/WMUR-NH Republican primary debate Jan 5, 2006 Supports tax-free medical savings accounts & tax credits ... 5,000 refundable tax credit for every family McCAIN: I want every family to have a $5,000 refundable tax credit so they can go ... Large tax credit for families to buy their health care We will offer every individual and family a large tax credit to buy ... FactCheck: McCain s $5,000 health tax credit would be taxed McCain made his tax plan sound way too generous to middle-income ...
  • The eFiling pop up message that restricts the filing of the Income Tax Return for companies (ITR14) for the 2020 year of assessment to companies that intend to deregister with CIPC ONLY has been removed. (sars.gov.za)
  • Companies intending to file for the current year, will be able to file using the existing Income Tax Return for companies (ITR14), provided they are not impacted by legal changes that were promulgated in January 2020. (sars.gov.za)
  • Companies impacted by the legal changes promulgated in January 2020 are encouraged to file their returns when the legal changes are implemented with the new version of the Income Tax Return for companies (ITR14). (sars.gov.za)
  • Also, the income tax slabs and exemption limits for assessment year 2019-2020 and financial year 2018-19 have been sub-categorized on the basis of age and residential status. (consumer-voice.org)
  • The Income Tax return (ITR14) must be completed and submitted within 12 months after the financial year end of a company. (sars.gov.za)
  • Corporate Income Tax (CIT) is a tax imposed on companies resident in the Republic of South Africa i.e. incorporated under the laws of, or which are effectively managed in, the Republic, and which derive income from within or outside the Republic. (sars.gov.za)
  • Every business liable to taxation, under the Income Tax Act, 1962, is required to register with SARS as a taxpayer. (sars.gov.za)
  • Although the finance ministry may not have made significant changes in the income tax slabs and the applicable rates, it did raise the total cess on income tax to 4 per cent. (consumer-voice.org)
  • Also, the Income Tax Act now allows a deduction of up to Rs 50,000 in respect of interest income from all types of deposits (including savings accounts) held with any bank, cooperative society and post office by senior citizens. (consumer-voice.org)
  • The Income Tax Act now allows a maximum deduction of up to Rs 50,000. (consumer-voice.org)
  • To meet the strategic objective of increasing tax compliance and improving revenue collection, legislative and system changes will be implemented to enhance risk identification and to improve taxpayer experience when completing a tax return. (sars.gov.za)
  • SARS also needs to determine (in some instances) whether a Tax Directive was issued as proof that SARS approved a higher percentage deduction. (sars.gov.za)
  • Although no official announcement was made of the tax suspension by FBR, Telenor, one of the major cellphone companies in the country, informed its customers of the development, saying: "From 14 June 2018, there will be no tax deduction on your recharge. (dawn.com)
  • If you value what you get from Mother Jones , please join us with a tax-deductible donation so we can keep on doing the type of journalism that 2018 demands. (motherjones.com)
  • introduced legislation that aims to extend tax credits for renewable diesel and biodiesel for two years, through 2018. (biomassmagazine.com)
  • A fourth major tax deduction is mortgage interests. (hubpages.com)
  • This is the most preferred tax deduction by millions of homeowners here in the United States. (hubpages.com)
  • Property tax deduction is the fifth major tax deduction. (hubpages.com)
  • Giving two days to the FBR and the cellular companies to implement the order, a three-judge SC bench headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar had observed that the deduction of such taxes was a compulsory appropriation. (dawn.com)
  • Building owners can qualify for a tax deduction of up to $1.80 per square foot if they reduce energy and power costs from a certain standard by installing energy efficient interior lighting, improve the building envelope, and put in efficient heating, cooling, ventilation, or hot water systems. (reuters.com)
  • Rep. RICHARD NEAL (D, MA-2): This bill contains extensions of popular tax incentives that expired at the end of last year. (ontheissues.org)
  • Voted YES on tax incentives for energy production and conservation. (ontheissues.org)
  • Voted YES on tax incentives for renewable energy. (ontheissues.org)
  • Production Incentives: Extends through 2011 the tax credit for the production of electricity from renewable resources (e.g., wind, biomass, geothermal, and hydropower). (ontheissues.org)
  • WASHINGTON , May 21 /PRNewswire/ -- The federal government is expected to publish details today on $1 billion in biotech-related tax credits and grants provided by the healthcare reform bill and small- to mid-sized firms should act now if they wish to compete for these helpful incentives, urged attorney Michael P. Drzal , a member of LeClairRyan's BioPharma and Life Sciences Industry Team. (medindia.net)
  • As Congress considers tax reform legislation, a key debate to watch will be balancing business tax reform with incentives to provide affordable housing. (rollcall.com)
  • Will R&D tax incentives get Europe growing again? (voxeu.org)
  • Tax incentives have become a common policy tool for encouraging firms to spend more on research and development - and the recession has further raised interest in the effectiveness of this policy. (voxeu.org)
  • R&D tax incentives have become much more popular in the last two decades. (voxeu.org)
  • In addition, R&D tax incentives have low administrative costs in comparison to direct subsidies for innovation. (voxeu.org)
  • These characteristics make R&D tax incentives a form of innovation policy that is unlikely to lead to unintended market distortions. (voxeu.org)
  • The economic recession has further raised interest in the effectiveness of these tax incentives, and for two opposing reasons. (voxeu.org)
  • First, R&D tax incentives are viewed as tools that protect innovative activity at economically challenging times and potentially promote growth. (voxeu.org)
  • Nine European countries have introduced R&D tax incentives since 2008, while no country has discontinued them. (voxeu.org)
  • But are R&D tax incentives really the key to restoring economic growth in Europe? (voxeu.org)
  • 2015) we have reviewed the empirical literature on R&D tax incentives. (voxeu.org)
  • Most studies find that R&D tax incentives promote R&D. Yet, there is little agreement on the size of this effect. (voxeu.org)
  • Roughly, this outcome implies that a country that wants to raise its aggregate R&D expenditure by 1% of GDP should spend at least the same amount on tax incentives. (voxeu.org)
  • The few studies on this topic suggest that R&D tax incentives stimulated creation of new products and innovation (see Czarnitzki et al. (voxeu.org)
  • However, while R&D tax incentives appear to be effective in increasing incremental innovations, they might not result in more radical innovations as shown in Cappelen et al. (voxeu.org)
  • The observations at the macro level suggest that it is unlikely that the presence of R&D tax incentives will determine a country's innovativeness. (voxeu.org)
  • Figure 3 plots a country's innovativeness according to the Bloomberg Innovation index against the share of tax incentives in the R&D policy budget. (voxeu.org)
  • Any relation between tax incentives and innovation is dramatically absent. (voxeu.org)
  • OECD, based on OECD R&D tax incentives questionnaire, publicly available sources, and OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm , December 2014 and Bloomberg (2014), www.bloomberg.com/visual-data/best-and-worst/most-innovative-in-the-world-2014-economies , December 2014. (voxeu.org)
  • The newly approved Senate tax bill would open the Arctic to oil and gas development, weaken investment incentives for solar and wind production and end a $7,500 tax credit for electric vehicles. (midwestenergynews.com)
  • Several states also have tax credit incentives. (thebalance.com)
  • Reuters) - There are numerous U.S. government tax incentives and utility rebate programs aimed at defraying the cost of renovating buildings and installing systems that save energy. (reuters.com)
  • Placed into context, the lesson to be heeded is that there are transaction costs associated with the most seamless transfer of tax credits, such as expenditures for legal, accounting and syndication. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • It is difficult to get a crystal clear picture of just how much these "tax expenditures," as they are commonly called, are sapping the flow of state revenues, but the figures we do have are startling. (thegazette.com)
  • In this case, you may choose to have the nontaxable combat pay included in your earned income for the earned income tax credit (EITC), which may increase-or decrease-your EITC. (brighthub.com)
  • Single parents filing as head of household in 2015 for the tax year 2014 must have a modified adjusted gross income of $75,000 or less to qualify for a full Child Tax Credit. (howstuffworks.com)
  • I would add another thing: We need to cut the capital gains tax in half, but for manufacturers we need to give a five-year window where we cut it to zero. (issues2000.org)
  • Data in the last set of tables, the mid-November filing season statistics by AGI, reflect nearly all individual income tax returns that will be received and processed in the calendar year, including any returns filed by the April 15 deadline and granted a 6-month extension. (irs.gov)
  • Includes distributional data for AGI, income tax after credits, and the share of income from the sale of capital assets for returns filed for the prior tax year and some late-filed returns for earlier tax years. (irs.gov)
  • According to a Department of Revenue study of the Fiscal Year 2010 - the most recent comprehensive study available - 259 tax cuts, exemptions and credits previously passed by legislators added up to $12.1 billion in a single year. (thegazette.com)
  • According to the Iowa Department of Revenue's latest Tax Credits Contingent Liabilities Report issued in December, the revenue impact of more than three dozen tax credits will add up to $404.2 million during the current budget year ending in June. (thegazette.com)
  • The Press of Atlantic City reports that the company was approved for the Grow NJ program and will be awarded $2.2 million in tax credits over a 10-year term. (provisioneronline.com)
  • If you have taxes withheld from your paycheck, you typically won't owe any federal taxes at the end of the year. (wikihow.com)
  • Include the tax year and form on the memo line. (wikihow.com)
  • You placed it in service in the current tax year. (hrblock.com)
  • Small employers who offer coverage can receive a tax credit for up to 35 percent (or 25 percent for nonprofits) of the average cost of a small group plan in their state, starting in the 2010 tax year. (medindia.net)
  • Biodiesel producers are expected to resume efforts to convince Congress to change the credit this year, which NATSO will continue to oppose. (natso.com)
  • The baseline prepared earlier this year assumed biofuel tax credit and tariff expire at the end of 2011, as provided in current law," says Pat Westhoff, director of MU FAPRI. (cornandsoybeandigest.com)
  • They gradually reduced the estate tax so it disappeared altogether this year. (npr.org)
  • With unlimited access to your prior year tax return for 7 years after the filing deadline, it's easy to complete your return, print backup copies (IRS fee is $50 per copy) and plan for next year. (taxact.com)
  • Beginning in tax year 2013, this credit shall only be available to corporations that are subject to the Kansas corporate income tax, i.e. (ksrevenue.org)
  • The Institute for International Education (IIE) reports in Open Doors 2005 that of the paid tuition and fees to attend a U.S. undergraduate institution in the 2004-05 academic year, 80.9 percent of payments came from personal and family sources. (nafsa.org)
  • Begin your U.S. studies at a community college, and then transfer credit from your two-year school to a four-year institution. (nafsa.org)
  • More than 50 groups in the energy, agriculture, transportation and other business sectors have banded together to pressure Congress for a multiyear extension of tax provisions set to expire at the end of the year. (biomassmagazine.com)
  • And, if the credit exceeds the taxes you owe, a refund could be issued. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Additionally, this credit is not refundable, so you won't receive a refund for the unused portion of the credit. (hrblock.com)
  • If you're using H&R Block Software to complete your return, we'll calculate your qualified electric vehicle credit for you - helping ensure you get your maximum refund. (hrblock.com)
  • When the EITC is greater than the amount owed on your federal tax return, a refund results. (brighthub.com)
  • The survey of 3,000 Americans and commissioned by H&R Block also found that if a tax refund was delayed, the biggest concern for one in four respondents would be not having enough money to meet required financial commitments like rent and bills. (kptv.com)
  • This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov , the official portal of the United States Congress. (govtrack.us)
  • The debate over President Bush's 2001 and 2003 tax cuts heats up this fall as Congress considers the marginal rate reductions, estate tax relief and lower rates on investment income set to expire Jan. 1. (npr.org)
  • Five weeks later, he addressed a joint session of Congress, urging lawmakers to act swiftly on his signature campaign promise: $1.6 trillion in tax cuts. (npr.org)
  • Nonetheless, Republicans pushed two big tax packages through Congress in 2001 and 2003. (npr.org)
  • And that is why the clock is now ticking down to Dec. 31 - when tax rates will return to pre-tax cut levels unless Congress acts. (npr.org)
  • But even the 5 co-sponsors of the Illinois law can t take credit alone: It was the federal law, hammered out by Clinton & the Republican Congress, that set the wheels in motion and forced states to act. (issues2000.org)
  • Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on several issues that the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Office of Policy Development and Research is studying in connection with the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit program, focusing on: (1) the number of properties and. (ebscohost.com)
  • Fundamentals of the Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program. (ebscohost.com)
  • Despite partisan fights continuing to play out over various pieces of the tax code, the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, or LIHTC, has enjoyed decades of strong bipartisan support. (rollcall.com)
  • Are Individual Gifts Tax Deductible? (hrblock.com)
  • Are gifts given to individuals considered tax deductible? (hrblock.com)
  • We're a nonprofit (so it's tax-deductible), and reader support makes up about two-thirds of our budget. (motherjones.com)
  • As a counterpart to the new exemption of realised capital gains, capital losses on shares, both realised and unrealised, are no longer tax deductible. (wikipedia.org)
  • If no credit is claimed for any of the above, a credit will be allowed in an amount not to exceed the lesser of five percent of the cost of the vehicle or $750 to any taxpayer who purchases a motor vehicle equipped by the vehicle manufacturer with an alternative fuel system and who is unable or elects not to determine the exact basis attributable to such property. (ksrevenue.org)
  • At issue are higher payroll taxes, rising energy and food prices, less consumer credit, exhausted savings, punishing austerity, and much more to come. (rense.com)
  • It's worth the time to determine if you qualify, as the credit for electric vehicles can be up to $7,500 of your expenses to buy a qualifying vehicle. (hrblock.com)
  • Corporations developing open source tools can already get the write-offs. (zdnet.com)
  • Faced with these options, most developers elect to syndicate or transfer the tax credits to a corporate investor because under current federal tax law, such as the Passive Activity Rules and the Alternative Minimum Tax Regulations, corporations constitute the most efficient tax credit consumers. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Not all countries implement a capital gains tax and most have different rates of taxation for individuals and corporations. (wikipedia.org)
  • After all, if you get some consulting income or freelance work because of your open source development efforts, having a corporation would let you shield that money from taxes, making your time a cost of doing business. (zdnet.com)
  • Claiming a tax credit is like putting money back in your pocket, and for single parents, this can make a real difference to the bottom line. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Claiming federal tax credits, whether they are designed to promote specific behaviors or ease the financial burden of raising a family, can pay off. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Let the experts at H&R Block explain what you need to know about claiming a newborn on your taxes. (hrblock.com)
  • Did a provision in President Trump's tax reform law reward the rich more than the poor it was ostensibly created to help? (govtrack.us)
  • You may now go about your business and ignore the latest healthcare non-plan from conservatives, just as you can ignore the latest tax reform non-plan from conservatives. (motherjones.com)
  • Lawmakers are trying to extend and expand an $8,000 federal tax credit for first-time homebuyers, a stimulus-package tax break that many regard as a significant prop for the still-tottering economy. (spokesman.com)
  • A decline in expected tax collections forced lawmakers to cut the budget for universities, community colleges and other agencies. (thegazette.com)
  • however, there is a 9% to 35% tax for fiscal residents on their world revenues, including capital gains. (wikipedia.org)
  • It does not provide for reimbursement of any taxes, penalties, or interest imposed by taxing authorities and does not include legal representation. (hrblock.com)
  • The article presents information on the approval of 5.6 million dollars brownfield single-business-tax credit for redevelopment of the former General Motors Corp., Argonaut Building in the New Center area of Detroit, Michigan. (ebscohost.com)
  • This outcome ignores the history of the law and lacks fiscal sense because it fails to consider the tax revenue and economic growth foreigners who work create. (cato.org)