A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.
A plant genus of the family Illiciaceae, order Illiciales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have evergreen, aromatic leaves and bisexual flowers. The female portion of the flower consists of 7 to 15 carpels.
A plant genus of the family LAURACEAE. Members contain cryptofolione, caryachine, grandisin and other compounds. Some PEUMUS species have been reclassified as CRYPTOCARYA.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. The common names of chokeberry or chokecherry are also used for some species of PRUNUS.
A genus of the plant family Liliaceae (sometimes classified as Alliaceae) in the order Liliales. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.

Effects of xiaoyu tablet on endothelin-1, nitric oxide, and apoptotic cells of atherosclerotic vessel wall in rabbits. (1/47)

AIM: To investigate the mechanism of xiaoyu tablet on reduction of smooth muscle cells (SMC) in atherosclerotic vessel wall. METHODS: The atherosclerotic model was performed in male New Zealand rabbits that were given high fat diet and abrasion of the abdominal aorta endothelial cells. The rabbits were then administered with xiaoyu tablet 0.16-0.32 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) for 16 weeks. Changes in morphology, endothelin (ET)-1, nitric oxide (NO), and apoptotic cells of atherosclerotic vessel wall were determined by the microscopy, radioimmunoassay, colorimetric method, the techniques of DNA in situ end labeling, and image pattern analysis, respectively. RESULTS: After 16 weeks of xiaoyu tablet treatment, intimal thickness and SMC in atherosclerotic vessel wall were diminished, ET-1 was decreased by 8.2 %-42.6 %, NO was increased by 7.5 %-54.2 %, and labeled apoptotic nuclei were markedly decreased, the area and integral optical density of positive granule were (846+/-308) microm2 and 3425+/-1374 in atherosclerotic group and (225+/-60) microm2 and 1445+/-606 in xiaoyu tablet 0.32 g/kg group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Xiaoyu tablet not only inhibited proliferation of SMC through reducing ET-1 in atherosclerotic vessel wall, but also induced apoptosis of SMC by increasing NO in vessel wall.  (+info)

Determination of flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida by capillary zone electrophoresis. (2/47)

A capillary electrophoretic method for the separation of four flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida is developed. The four flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida are separated on baseline within 15 min using 50mM borax buffer containing 15% acetonitrile and adjusted to pH 8.15 with phosphoric acid. The detection limits of vitexin-2"-rhamnoside, hyperside, rutin, and vitexin are 0.35, 0.30, 0.40 and, 0.29 microg/mL, respectively. The recovery of these flavones is as follows: vitexn-2"-rhamnoside 96.8%, hyperside 99.9%, rutin 97.1%, and vitexin 97.8%. The results are in accordance with those obtained in the high-performance liquid chromatography system. The content of flavones is higher in Crataegus pinnatifida leaves than in its fruits, and hyperside is not detected in either Crataegus pinnatifida fruits or flowers.  (+info)

The mathematical treatment of leaf venation: the variation in secondary vein length along the midrib. (3/47)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In some dicotyledonous leaves and leaflets, the secondary veins run more-or-less straight to the margins and have well-defined lengths. For a given half-lamina of length L, an equation, previously proposed, relates the lengths of these veins, p, to the distances, l, between the leaf tip and their insertions on the midrib: p = B2(x+y)l(x)(L - l)(y)/L(x+y-1), where B, x and y are fitted parameters. Aspects of the formula are re-examined, including its general applicability, significance and usefulness. METHODS: Length measurements were made on leaves of various dicotyledons, notably Ulmus glabra, U. procera, Alnus viridis, A. glutinosa, Corylus avellana and Crataegus monogyna. Equations were fitted by non-linear regression. KEY RESULTS: The equation has now been applied descriptively to 23 species of eight families, but it is sometimes preferable or necessary to replace the measured length, L, with a fourth parameter that may differ significantly from it. Within a given species, values of the indices x and y are positively correlated. Leaves of some U. glabra depart qualitatively from the general pattern. As an example of hypothesis testing, the equation was used to show that the retuse or emarginate leaf tips of A. glutinosa are not due to stunting. CONCLUSIONS; That the equation applies to many species suggests that the underlying processes of leaf growth are quantitatively similar. Although relevant knowledge of these is scant, consideration of mathematical relationships may help their elucidation.  (+info)

The procyanidin-induced pseudo laminar shear stress response: a new concept for the reversal of endothelial dysfunction. (4/47)

Reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses with increased synthesis of ET-1 (endothelin-1) are characteristics of endothelial dysfunction in heart failure and are predictive of mortality. Identification of treatments that correct these abnormalities may have particular benefit for patients who become refractory to current regimens. Hawthorn preparations have a long history in the treatment of heart failure. Therefore we tested their inhibitory effects on ET-1 synthesis by cultured endothelial cells. These actions were compared with that of GSE (grape seed extract), as the vasoactive components of both these herbal remedies are mainly oligomeric flavan-3-ols called procyanidins. This showed extracts of hawthorn and grape seed were equipotent as inhibitors of ET-1 synthesis. GSE also produced a potent endothelium-dependent vasodilator response on preparations of isolated aorta. Suppression of ET-1 synthesis at the same time as induction of endothelium-dependent vasodilation is a similar response to that triggered by laminar shear stress. Based on these results and previous findings, we hypothesize that through their pharmacological properties procyanidins stimulate a pseudo laminar shear stress response in endothelial cells, which helps restore endothelial function and underlies the benefit from treatment with hawthorn extract in heart failure.  (+info)

Postzygotic isolating factor in sympatric speciation in Rhagoletis flies: reduced response of hybrids to parental host-fruit odors. (5/47)

Rhagoletis pomonella is a model for sympatric speciation (divergence without geographic isolation) by means of host-plant shifts. Many Rhagoletis species are known to use fruit odor as a key olfactory cue to distinguish among their respective host plants. Because Rhagoletis rendezvous on or near the unabscised fruit of their hosts to mate, behavioral preferences for fruit odor translate directly into premating reproductive isolation among flies. Here, we report that reciprocal F(1) hybrids between the apple and hawthorn host races of R. pomonella, as well as between the host races and an undescribed sibling species infesting Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) do not respond to host fruit volatiles in wind-tunnel assays at doses that elicit maximal directed flight in parental flies. The reduced ability of hybrids to orient to fruit volatiles could result from a conflict between neural pathways for preference and avoidance behaviors, and it suggests that hybrids might suffer a fitness disadvantage for finding fruit in nature. Therefore, host-specific mating may play a dual role as an important postzygotic as well as a premating reproductive barrier to isolate sympatric Rhagoletis flies.  (+info)

A peroxisome proliferator response elements regulatory system in xenopus oocytes and its application. (6/47)

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a kind of ligand-activated transcription factors binding to peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE), a specific recognition site. It is thought to play a critical role in glucose and lipid metabolism and in inflammation control. The aim of this study was to establish a new cellular model for the quick screening of lipid-lowering drugs, which may be effective as PPAR-gamma ligands on the PPRE-mediated pathway regulatory system. METHODS: Two plasmids were constructed: pXOE-PPARgamma, in which the human PPARgamma gene was in the downstream of TFIIIA gene promoter, and pLXRN-PPRE-d2EGFP, in which the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was subcloned into PPRE. The xenopus oocytes were injected with these two plasmids, and consequently treated with prostaglandin E1, pioglitazone, and different kinds of lipid-lowering drugs. After 3 days, the oocytes were observed under a fluorescence microscope. To confirm the drug action,we injected pXOE-PPARgamma plasmid into the oocytes, which then treated with prostaglandin E1 and Hawthorn flavonoids. The mass of expressed lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the cells was determined by enzyme labeling linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The expression of EGFP was only induced by prostagalandin E1, pioglitazone, Hawthorn flavonoids. A concentration-response relationship was seen between expressed EGFP and Hawthorn flavonoids. The levels of LPL in both Hawthorn flavonoids groups and PPARgamma ligand prostagalandin E1 group injected with pXOE-PPARgamma plasmid increased significantly (< 0.001) compared with controls, and a concentration-response relationship was observed between LPL mass and Hawthorn flavonoids. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to establish a PPRE regulatory EGFP reporter system in xenopus oocytes to monitor the activity of PPARgamma ligand. Hawthorn flavonoids can increase the expression of gene downsteam of PPRE by effect on the PPRE pathway regulatory system.  (+info)

Regulation of lipoprotein lipase expression by effect of hawthorn flavonoids on peroxisome proliferator response element pathway. (7/47)

To investigate the possibility that natural medicines affect lipid metabolism by regulating lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression, a green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was constructed downstream of the peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE) and the constructed plasmid was microinjected into Xenopus oocytes to establish a PPRE regulatory reporter system. Using this system, hawthorn flavonoids were quickly selected from a panel of natural medicines and found to up-regulate GFP expression by an effect on PPRE. To confirm the effect of hawthorn flavonoids, we treated mice orally with water (control), hawthorn flavonoids, and pioglitazone and measured the LPL levels in serum, adipose tissue, and muscle by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum LPL levels were no different from the controls after treatment with either hawthorn flavonoids or pioglitazone, but LPL increased significantly in muscular tissues and decreased in adipose tissues. These results demonstrate that hawthorn flavonoids meditate LPL expression in mice with tissue-specific differences. A novel PPRE regulatory report system was established for rapid and effective selection and evaluation of LPL-mediating drugs.  (+info)

Colorectal cancer and CHF - reviewing the evidence for complementary medicine. (8/47)

This is the third of a series of articles looking at the available evidence for complementary medicine. Physical activity is important in attenuating harmful effects of aging and the onset of chronic disease. Benefits of physical activity in preventing or delaying cardiovascular disease and managing obesity and arthritis have mainstream acceptance. However, evidence is emerging of the benefits of physical activity in other conditions such as cancer.  (+info)

'Crataegus' is a genus of plants in the family Rosaceae, commonly known as Hawthorns. These plants are native to Europe, Asia, and North America, and are characterized by their thorny branches and clusters of white or pink flowers that bloom in the spring. The fruit of these plants, which are small red or black berries, are often used in herbal medicine for treating heart-related conditions.

In a medical context, Crataegus is most commonly referred to as Hawthorn, and its medicinal uses are primarily related to cardiovascular health. Hawthorn extracts have been shown to improve circulation, lower blood pressure, and help regulate irregular heartbeats. It has also been used to treat anxiety and digestive issues.

It is important to note that while Hawthorn has a long history of use in traditional medicine, it should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical treatment. Before taking any herbal supplements, including Hawthorn, it is always best to consult with a healthcare provider.

"Illicium" is a botanical term that refers to a genus of plants, primarily found in Asia and parts of the Americas. Commonly known as "star anise," these plants produce a fruit that is widely used in cooking for its distinct licorice-like flavor, and in traditional medicine for its purported health benefits. However, it's important to note that the term "Illicium" itself is not a medical term, but a taxonomic one.

"Cryptocarya" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, which includes trees and shrubs that are native to tropical regions of the world. These plants have simple, alternate leaves and small flowers with both male and female reproductive structures. The fruits of many species are fleshy and drupel-like, containing a single seed.

The name "Cryptocarya" comes from the Greek words "kryptos," meaning hidden, and "karpos," meaning fruit, which refers to the fact that the fruits of some species are enclosed within fleshy structures or bracts.

It is important to note that "Cryptocarya" is not a medical term, but rather a taxonomic name used in botany to classify and describe a particular group of plants. While some species of Cryptocarya may have medicinal uses, the genus itself does not have a specific medical definition or application.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Photinia" is not a medical term. It is a genus of shrubs and small trees in the rose family, Rosaceae. The most commonly cultivated species is Photinia x fraseri, also known as Fraser photinia or Red Robin, which is often used in landscaping due to its attractive, glossy green leaves and clusters of white flowers followed by bright red berries.

If you have any medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to try to help with those.

'Allium' is a genus of plants that includes several species which are commonly used as vegetables or spices, such as onions, garlic, leeks, shallots, and chives. These plants are characterized by their distinctive strong smell and taste, which are caused by sulfur-containing compounds. They have been widely used in traditional medicine for their potential health benefits, including antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties.

... stolon-bearing hawthorn Crataegus jackii Crataegus jonesae Crataegus kansuensis - Gansu hawthorn Crataegus laevigata - Midland ... Crataegus visenda Crataegus vulsa - Alabama hawthorn Crataegus wattiana - Altai hawthorn Crataegus wilsonii - Wilson hawthorn ... hillside hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli - cockspur hawthorn Crataegus cuneata - Japanese hawthorn Crataegus cupulifera Crataegus ... late hawthorn Crataegus canbyi Crataegus chlorosarca Crataegus chrysocarpa - fireberry hawthorn Crataegus coccinea - scarlet ...
... , is a hybrid between two species in the genus Crataegus (Hawthorn), C. monogyna and C. laevigata, both in ... Crataegus, Hybrid plants, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... series Crataegus. Under the rules of botanical nomenclature the ...
"Crataegus laevigata 'Punicea'". RHS. Retrieved 5 May 2020. "RHS Plant Selector - Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore Pleno'". ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crataegus laevigata. Flora Europaea: Crataegus Bean, W. J. (1976). Trees and Shrubs ... Christensen, K.I. (1992). "Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old ... Crataegus laevigata, known as the Midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn, or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn ...
Green Hawthorn (Crataegus viridis), in Georgia, Southeastern United States Crataegus viridis, Green Hawthorn - Plant Database ... Crataegus viridis, the green hawthorn or southern thorn, is a species of hawthorn that is native to the southeastern United ... USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Crataegus viridis". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data ... Crataegus, Trees of the Northeastern United States, Trees of the Southeastern United States, Plants described in 1753, Taxa ...
Crataegus, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree up to about 8 m tall. The leaves are simple and alternately arranged, and have ... Crataegus pulcherrima is a species of Hawthorn native to the southeastern United States. This species and those related to it ... Crataegus pulcherrima is native from eastern Mississippi east to Alabama and western Georgia, north to south-central Tennessee ...
... leaves changing color in fall. The mature bark is grey and rough. Crataegus douglasii Crataegus douglasii ... Formerly placed within the species, Crataegus douglasii var. duchesnensis is now considered to be a synonym of Crataegus ... ISBN 1-55105-042-0. Jepson Manual Treatment - Crataegus douglasii U.Mich: Ethnobotany Crataegus douglasii - Photo gallery v t e ... Crataegus douglasii is a compact erect bushy shrub growing to 8-9 metres (26-30 feet) tall with a trunk of up to 10 centimetres ...
... , known as downy hawthorn or red hawthorn, is a species of plant that occurs in eastern North America from ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus mollis (Torrey & A. Gray) Scheele, Linnaea. 21: 569. 1848", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. ... It is closely related to Crataegus submollis, but the two species have separate native ranges. Amongst other differences ... Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI); IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2018). "Crataegus mollis". IUCN Red ...
... , or Crataegus × rufula, known as the rusty hawthorn or rufous mayhaw, is a shrub or small tree of the south ... Crataegus, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Fruit tree stubs, Crataegus stubs). ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus ×rufula Sargent, J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 251. 1920", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard; H. ...
... , the Grand Rapids hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn endemic to Michigan, in the Great Lakes region of ... USDA Plants Profile - Crataegus ambitiosa, accessed 12.2.2010 Phipps, J.B.; Robertson, K.R.; Smith, P.G.; Rohrer, J.R. (1990 ... Crataegus, Flora of Michigan, Endemic flora of the United States, Trees of the Northeastern United States, Trees of the Great ... Lakes region (North America), Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ...
... , known as the western mayhaw, is a shrub or small tree of the southern United States. It is one of several ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus opaca Hooker & Arnott, Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 25. 1835", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard ... Crataegus, Flora of Alabama, Flora of Texas, Flora of Louisiana, Flora of Mississippi, All stub articles, Fruit tree stubs, ... species of hawthorn with fruits known as "mayhaws". Crataegus opaca can be characterized as either a small tree or large shrub ...
The name Crataegus columbiana is a source of considerable confusion. The species named by Thomas J. Howell is now considered to ... C. columbiana has been used by some authors for Crataegus piperi Britton, which is now known as C. chrysocarpa var. piperi. For ... occidentalis (Britton) Eggl.). Phipps, J.B. (1995). The identity of Crataegus columbiana and its relationship to C. piperi ( ... Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (2004). A review of Crataegus series Rotundifoliae (Rosaceae) in western Canada. Sida ...
J.B. Phipps has shown that Crataegus fontanesiana are "somewhat narrow-leaved forms of C. calpodendron". The name was mis- ... Phipps, J.B. (1987). "What is Crataegus fontanesiana (Spach) Steud.? (Rosaceae)". Taxon. 36 (3): 641-4. doi:10.2307/1221862. ...
The fruit is dark red to purple or black, with one or two stones (pyrenes). Crataegus ambigua is closely related to Crataegus ... Christensen, K.I. (1992). Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old ... Crataegus, Flora of Western Asia, Flora of Eastern Europe, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus ambigua is a species of thorn (hawthorn) native to Western Asia and Eastern Europe, including Armenia, Iran, Russia, ...
... is a species of hawthorn native to northeastern Asia. It is closely related to C. sanguinea. The fruit are ... List of Crataegus species with yellow fruit "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 30 December 2014. ...
Christensen, Knud Ib (1992). Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old ... Crataegus heldreichii is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. It is a hawthorn with red fruit that is native to ... "Crataegus heldreichii Boiss". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved ... "Crataegus heldreichii Boiss". World Flora Online. The World Flora Online Consortium. n.d. Retrieved September 7, 2020. ...
... is a rare species of North American hawthorn derived from hybridization between a species in Crataegus ... Crataegus, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus Linnaeus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Coccineae (Loudon) Rehder, Man. Cult. Trees ed. 2 362 1940", in ...
Crataegus, Trees of the Southeastern United States, Plants described in 1901, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus lassa, the sandhill hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn native to the southeastern United States. Small trees or large ... 1: 29 (1901) "Crataegus lassa Beadle". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. ...
It has been considered as a synonym of Crataegus flava Aiton (Ref. USDA Plants Profile) Phipps, J.B. (2015). "Crataegus visenda ... "Crataegus tristis Beadle" USDA Plants Profile for Crataegus arrogans v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ... Crataegus visenda is a species of hawthorn from the southeastern United States, in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. It is a large ... Phipps, J.B.; Dvorsky, K.A. (2007). "Review of Crataegus series Apricae, ser. nov., and C. flava (Rosaceae)". Journal of the ...
Christensen, K.I. (2001). "Crataegus pycnoloba - en endemisk Hvidtjørn fra de græske bjerge. [Crataegus pycnoloba - a Hawthorn ... Christensen, Knud Ib (1992). = vz0lAQAAMAAJ Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae- ... Crataegus pycnoloba is a species of hawthorn in the Rosaceae family. It is native to the mountains of the northern and central ... List of hawthorn species with yellow fruit Bazos, I.; Rivers, M.C. (2017). "Crataegus pycnoloba". IUCN Red List of Threatened ...
Crataegus pedicellata picture at www.sci.muni.cz v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from ... Crataegus coccinea, the scarlet hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn around which there is considerable confusion because the ... is a heterotypic synonym of C. coccinea L. "Crataegus coccinea L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal ... Phipps, J.B.; Cafferty, S; Macklin, J.A. (2003). "Lectotypification of Crataegus coccinea L. and its conspecificity with C. ...
... is an Asian species of hawthorn that can grow to be a substantial tree. It is similar to C. pinnatifida ...
Crataegus, Flora of Colorado, Flora of Utah, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs ... Crataegus saligna is a species of hawthorn known by the common name willow hawthorn that is seldom cultivated and rather rare ... Beatty, B.L.; Jennings, W.F.; Rawlinson, R.C. (11 August 2004). "Crataegus saligna Greene (willow hawthorn): A technical ... "The relationships of the American black-fruited hawthorns Crataegus erythropoda, C. rivularis, C. saligna and C. brachyacantha ...
Crataegus, Trees of the Southeastern United States, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus macrosperma, the bigfruit hawthorn is a species of hawthorn native to most of the eastern United States and adjacent ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus macrosperma Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 16: 73. 1900", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. ... 9, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press "Crataegus macrosperma (Bigfruit Hawthorn, Fanleaf Hawthorn,, Hawthorn, Large ...
Crataegus, Plants described in 1939, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus ucrainica is a putative species of hawthorn found in Ukraine. A 2014 molecular and morphological study reduced it to ... Dönmez, Ali A. (2014). "Nomenclatural, taxonomic and biogeographic novelties in the Turkish Crataegus L. (Rosaceae-Maleae) taxa ... a synonym of Crataegus meyeri. V.L.Komarov (ed.), Fl. URSS 9: 502 (1939) "Cratnaegus ucrainica Pojark". Plants of the World ...
... var. chrysocarpa, wild vouchered tree from Montreal, Canada. Fruiting Crataegus chrysocarpa var. ... Crataegus chrysocarpa is a species of hawthorn that is native to much of the continental United States and Canada. Common names ... Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (2004). "A review of Crataegus series Rotundifoliae (Rosaceae) in western Canada". SIDA, ... Crataegus, Flora of Eastern Canada, Flora of Western Canada, Flora of the Northeastern United States, Flora of the North- ...
Crataegus, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus scabrida is a species of hawthorn. Phipps, J.B.; Robertson, K.R.; Smith, P.G.; Rohrer, J.R. (1990). "A checklist of ...
... is a species of hawthorn known by the common name prairie hawthorn. USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Crataegus pratensis ... Crataegus, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Amygdaloideae stubs). ...
Crataegus crudelis Sarg. is a form of C. flabellata from Quebec that has very long thorns (up to 10 cm). The two varieties C. ... Crataegus flabellata is a species of hawthorn known by the common name fanleaf hawthorn. It is native to the northeastern ... Media related to Crataegus flabellata at Wikimedia Commons v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... "Crataegus flabellata (Boxc ex Spach) K. Koch", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard; H. Jeude; R.W. Kiger; J.B. Phipps; A.C ...
... information from Plants for a Future Media related to Crataegus sanguinea at Wikimedia Commons v t e v t e ... Crataegus, Flora of Ukraine, All stub articles, Fruit tree stubs, Crataegus stubs). ... Crataegus sanguinea (common names redhaw hawthorn or Siberian hawthorn) is a species of hawthorn that is native to southern ...
Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany ... Media related to Crataegus orientalis at Wikimedia Commons v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... Crataegus orientalis, known as oriental hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn native to the Mediterranean region, Turkey, Caucasia ... Asheghi, M. Sajad (2022-03-01). "Phenotypic Diversity of Crataegus orientalis subsp. szovitsii (Pojark.) K.I.Chr. Population in ...
... stolon-bearing hawthorn Crataegus jackii Crataegus jonesae Crataegus kansuensis - Gansu hawthorn Crataegus laevigata - Midland ... Crataegus visenda Crataegus vulsa - Alabama hawthorn Crataegus wattiana - Altai hawthorn Crataegus wilsonii - Wilson hawthorn ... hillside hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli - cockspur hawthorn Crataegus cuneata - Japanese hawthorn Crataegus cupulifera Crataegus ... late hawthorn Crataegus canbyi Crataegus chlorosarca Crataegus chrysocarpa - fireberry hawthorn Crataegus coccinea - scarlet ...
CRATAEGUS- hawthorn leaf with flower pellet Boiron. Disclaimer: This homeopathic product has not been evaluated by the Food and ...
Crataegus--commonly known as hawthorn--has long been used in the treatment of heart failure. Might it be a safe and effective ... Preparations from Crataegus (hawthorn) have a long history in the treatment of heart failure. WS 1442 is a dry extract from ... The safety and efficacy of Crataegus containing products have been studied and reviewed extensively,[9,10] and WS 1442 is ... In 1984 and 1994, the German Commission E issued positive monographs for Crataegus leaves with flowers[5] for the treatment of ...
Crataegus atrosanguinea is a deciduous Tree. It is not frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female ... Crataegus armena. Tree. 0.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 2. 2. 2. Crataegus arnoldiana. Arnold Hawthorn. Tree. 7.0. 5-9 LMH. SN. DMWe. 5. 2 ... Crataegus acclivis. Tree. 8.0. 4-8 LMH. SN. MWe. 4. 2. Crataegus aestivalis. Eastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple ... Crataegus chlorosarca. Tree. 6.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 3. 2. 2. Crataegus chrysocarpa. Fireberry Hawthorn, Red haw, Pipers hawthorn ...
Crataegus sanguinea. Taxonavigation[edit]. Taxonavigation: Rosales Classification System: APG IV Superregnum: Eukaryota Regnum ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crataegus sanguinea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus_sanguinea&oldid=6974095" ...
Home / Caroline Steinman Nunan Arboretum / Complete Tree Species Listing / Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum) ...
Crataegus champlainensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK ... Crataegus armena. Tree. 0.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 2. 2. 2. Crataegus arnoldiana. Arnold Hawthorn. Tree. 7.0. 5-9 LMH. SN. DMWe. 5. 2 ... Crataegus atrosanguinea. Tree. 0.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 3. 2. 2. Crataegus azarolus. Azarole. Tree. 10.0. 5-9 M. LMH. SN. MWe. 4. 2 ... Crataegus acclivis. Tree. 8.0. 4-8 LMH. SN. MWe. 4. 2. Crataegus aestivalis. Eastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple ...
Pictures and description of Crataegus douglasii, Western Thorn Apple. ... Crataegus douglasii tolerates seasonal flooding.. Crataegus douglasii is great for a bird garden.. Foliage of Crataegus ... Fruit of Crataegus douglasii is edible.. Communities for Crataegus douglasii:Mixed-evergreen Forest, Northern Oak Woodland, ... Crataegus douglasii. Western Thorn Apple, Hawthorn, Douglas Thorntree and Black Haw.. We are not selling this product. This ...
Crataegus monogyna. £2.50. Hawthorn, Quick, May. The familiar native small tree which is common in hedges and woodland edges. ...
This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful.. ...
photographs, images of lichens, fungi, mushrooms, plants, animals and nature landscapes of Russia and former USSR states
View all photos in CalPhotos of Crataegus monogyna *Check Google Images for Crataegus monogyna ... 3) K.I. Christensen, Revision of Crataegus Sect. Crataegus and Nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World, ... Comments (pertain to pictures in Flicker album Crataegus monogyna): Genus Crataegus is taxonomically a difficult one. Plants ... Crataegus monogyna. Common Hawthorn Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. ID: 0000 0000 0323 0001 (2023-03-01). Copyright © 2023 ...
|p|The King of Spruce! Picea glehnii/Ezo Spruce bonsai is a very much sought after and rare species for bonsai. It is the best and most commonly trained spruce for bonsai in Japan, featuring deep green mature foliage and luminous green new growth. It features very small, compact needles and growth.|/p||p|This individual is one of 4 that were purchased by an enthusiast in 2015 with the original intention of creating a group planting. The trees have since been left as individuals and allowed to grow freely to thicken up the trunks and become very vigorous.|/p||p|At a height of 25/63cm, there are a huge number of branches ready for immediate styling and will make a high-quality individual specimen once the branches have been wired and down-swept into position.|/p||p|Each of the 4 trees, including this one, has a very healthy rootball that had roots growing out of the bottom of their pot. I have slip-potted each tree to introduce a high-quality mix of Ibuki soil, chopped bark and activated charcoal. The
... grows to be a large shrub or eventually very small tree with dark green leaves turning red / orange before ... Crataegus tracyi. In Stock (Delivered within 3-4 working days) £40.50 £45.00 -10% ... In the UK Crataegus tracyi is hardy but usually does best in a position with full sun and some shelter from strong wind. Avoid ... 5Rare in the UK, Crataegus tracyi grows to be a large shrub or eventually very small tree with dark green leaves turning red / ...
Notes from the Field: Online Weight Loss Supplements Labeled as Tejocote (Crataegus mexicana) Root, Substituted with Yellow ... Notes from the Field: Online Weight Loss Supplements Labeled as Tejocote (Crataegus mexicana) Root, Substituted with Yellow ... Authentication of tejocote (Crataegus mexicana) dietary supplements based on DNA barcoding and chemical profiling. Food Addit ... Crataegus mexicana) root, a supplement promoted online through social media for weight loss, is readily available from online ...
Home / Nature - Plants / Identifying Trees / Hawthorns / Hawthorn / Hawthorn or May (Crataegus monogyna) ...
Hawthorn berries (Crataegus spp.) are one of the most popular herbs for promoting heart health in the West. They are ... Hawthorn Berry Fruit Powder (Crataegus spp.). This product is organically grown and processed in accordance with the USDAs ...
The Hawthorn Crataegus bonsai tree is a unique outdoor specimen. A member of the Roseacea family and highly adaptive, a great ...
Hawthorn, Leaf & Flower (Crataegus oxyacantha) - Dried Herb, Organic. $10.60. - $106.00. Volume. Choose an option. 100 g. 1 lb ... English Hawthorn or Crataegus monogyna is native to the northern temperate forests of Europe, North Africa and West Asia and ... Crataegus, is derived from the Greek kratos, meaning "strength" because of the strength of the wood and akis "sharp", referring ... Be the first to review "Hawthorn, Leaf & Flower (Crataegus oxyacantha) - Dried Herb, Organic" Cancel reply. Your email address ...
Crataegus monogyna) is a native deciduous hedge that is popular with wildlife and hardy in exposed locations. Visit Hedges ... Crataegus monogyna is also a main native species in our Mixed Native Hedging selection. View our full range of Mixed Native ... Crataegus monogyna is also a main native species in our Mixed Native Hedging selection. View our full range of Mixed Native ... Crataegus monogyna Hedge Plant Description. In spring, Hawthorn bursts into life with an abundance of scented white blossoms ...
Introducing the Crataegus crus-galli var. Inermis Thornless Hawthorn! This small, ornamental tree is native to eastern North ... Introducing the Crataegus crus-galli var. Inermis Thornless Hawthorn! This small, ornamental tree is native to eastern North ... Crataegus crus-galli var. Inermis - Common Bonsai,Flowering Tree,Tree,Web page Navigation - Thornless Hawthorn Page. ... Source:http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crataegus-crus-galli-habit.JPG ...
Some East American Species of Crataegus: Contributions from my Herbarium, No. XI ... Post a Comment for Some East American Species of Crataegus: Contributions from my Herbarium, No. XI ... Add tags for Some East American Species of Crataegus: Contributions from my Herbarium, No. XI ... Some East American Species of Crataegus: Contributions from my Herbarium, No. XI. ...
Preparations from Crataegus (hawthorn) have a long history in the treatment of heart failure. WS 1442 is a dry extract from ... Hawthorn--Crataegus monogyna (common hawthorn) or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as ... Benefit-Risk Assessment of Crataegus Extract WS 1442: An Evidence-Based Review Christian J F Holubarsch 1 , Wilson S Colucci 2 ... Clinical efficacy of crataegus extract WS 1442 in congestive heart failure NYHA class II. Zapfe jun G. Zapfe jun G. ...
Crataegus Ambigua Russian Hawthorn is a deciduous ornamental tree with white flowers. These blossoms appear in late spring or ... Crataegus Ambigua Russian Hawthorn is a deciduous ornamental tree with white flowers. These blossoms appear in late spring or ...
Interactive Map of the Native Range of Crataegus erythropoda - Cerro hawthorn ...
... crataegus laevigata hawthorn in combination, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, ... Brand and Other Names:aubepine, Chinese hawthorn, more...crataegus laevigata, English hawthorn, hagthorn, hedgethorn, ladies ... encoded search term (hawthorn (aubepine%2C Chinese hawthorn%2C crataegus laevigata hawthorn in combination)) and hawthorn ( ... aubepine, Chinese hawthorn, crataegus laevigata hawthorn in combination) What to Read Next on Medscape ...
... or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as haw, thornapple, maythorn, whitethorn ... Hawthorn--Crataegus monogyna (common hawthorn) or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as ... Hawthorn--Crataegus monogyna (common hawthorn) or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as ... Crataegus oxyacantha (aubepine) in the use as herb medicine in France]. Ju LY. Ju LY. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2005 Apr;30(8 ...
By Megan Lynch Traditions are made by people. We do something at a certain time and then we repeat it when that time rolls around again. There are young traditions…Read More >. ...
Crataegus wants to contribute to the quality of life of its residents and participants in ... Crataegus Woonzorg is a residential care facility with 24 apartments. ... Crataegus Woonzorg is a residential care facility with 24 apartments. Crataegus wants to contribute to the quality of life of ...
Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese Hawthorn) Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese Hawthorn). Add to Collection Add to Any Collection. My ... Crataegus punctata (Dotted Hawthorn) Crataegus punctata (Dotted Hawthorn). Add to Collection Add to Any Collection. My ... Crataegus marshallii (Parsley Hawthorn) Crataegus marshallii (Parsley Hawthorn). Add to Collection Add to Any Collection. My ... Crataegus douglasii (Black Hawthorn) Crataegus douglasii (Black Hawthorn). Add to Collection Add to Any Collection. My ...

No FAQ available that match "crataegus"

No images available that match "crataegus"