A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.
A plant genus of the family Illiciaceae, order Illiciales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have evergreen, aromatic leaves and bisexual flowers. The female portion of the flower consists of 7 to 15 carpels.
A plant genus of the family LAURACEAE. Members contain cryptofolione, caryachine, grandisin and other compounds. Some PEUMUS species have been reclassified as CRYPTOCARYA.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. The common names of chokeberry or chokecherry are also used for some species of PRUNUS.
A genus of the plant family Liliaceae (sometimes classified as Alliaceae) in the order Liliales. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.
A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.
Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE and order Rosales. This should not be confused with the genus RHODIOLA which is sometimes called roseroot.
Compounds based on a 7-membered heterocyclic ring including an oxygen. They can be considered a medium ring ether. A natural source is the MONTANOA plant genus. Some dibenzo-dioxepins, called depsidones, are found in GARCINIA plants.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A genus of BROWN ALGAE, in the family Alariaceae, native to Japan, Korea, and China. The edible SEAWEED Undaria pinnatifida is also called wakame.
Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.

Effects of xiaoyu tablet on endothelin-1, nitric oxide, and apoptotic cells of atherosclerotic vessel wall in rabbits. (1/47)

AIM: To investigate the mechanism of xiaoyu tablet on reduction of smooth muscle cells (SMC) in atherosclerotic vessel wall. METHODS: The atherosclerotic model was performed in male New Zealand rabbits that were given high fat diet and abrasion of the abdominal aorta endothelial cells. The rabbits were then administered with xiaoyu tablet 0.16-0.32 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) for 16 weeks. Changes in morphology, endothelin (ET)-1, nitric oxide (NO), and apoptotic cells of atherosclerotic vessel wall were determined by the microscopy, radioimmunoassay, colorimetric method, the techniques of DNA in situ end labeling, and image pattern analysis, respectively. RESULTS: After 16 weeks of xiaoyu tablet treatment, intimal thickness and SMC in atherosclerotic vessel wall were diminished, ET-1 was decreased by 8.2 %-42.6 %, NO was increased by 7.5 %-54.2 %, and labeled apoptotic nuclei were markedly decreased, the area and integral optical density of positive granule were (846+/-308) microm2 and 3425+/-1374 in atherosclerotic group and (225+/-60) microm2 and 1445+/-606 in xiaoyu tablet 0.32 g/kg group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Xiaoyu tablet not only inhibited proliferation of SMC through reducing ET-1 in atherosclerotic vessel wall, but also induced apoptosis of SMC by increasing NO in vessel wall.  (+info)

Determination of flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida by capillary zone electrophoresis. (2/47)

A capillary electrophoretic method for the separation of four flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida is developed. The four flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida are separated on baseline within 15 min using 50mM borax buffer containing 15% acetonitrile and adjusted to pH 8.15 with phosphoric acid. The detection limits of vitexin-2"-rhamnoside, hyperside, rutin, and vitexin are 0.35, 0.30, 0.40 and, 0.29 microg/mL, respectively. The recovery of these flavones is as follows: vitexn-2"-rhamnoside 96.8%, hyperside 99.9%, rutin 97.1%, and vitexin 97.8%. The results are in accordance with those obtained in the high-performance liquid chromatography system. The content of flavones is higher in Crataegus pinnatifida leaves than in its fruits, and hyperside is not detected in either Crataegus pinnatifida fruits or flowers.  (+info)

The mathematical treatment of leaf venation: the variation in secondary vein length along the midrib. (3/47)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In some dicotyledonous leaves and leaflets, the secondary veins run more-or-less straight to the margins and have well-defined lengths. For a given half-lamina of length L, an equation, previously proposed, relates the lengths of these veins, p, to the distances, l, between the leaf tip and their insertions on the midrib: p = B2(x+y)l(x)(L - l)(y)/L(x+y-1), where B, x and y are fitted parameters. Aspects of the formula are re-examined, including its general applicability, significance and usefulness. METHODS: Length measurements were made on leaves of various dicotyledons, notably Ulmus glabra, U. procera, Alnus viridis, A. glutinosa, Corylus avellana and Crataegus monogyna. Equations were fitted by non-linear regression. KEY RESULTS: The equation has now been applied descriptively to 23 species of eight families, but it is sometimes preferable or necessary to replace the measured length, L, with a fourth parameter that may differ significantly from it. Within a given species, values of the indices x and y are positively correlated. Leaves of some U. glabra depart qualitatively from the general pattern. As an example of hypothesis testing, the equation was used to show that the retuse or emarginate leaf tips of A. glutinosa are not due to stunting. CONCLUSIONS; That the equation applies to many species suggests that the underlying processes of leaf growth are quantitatively similar. Although relevant knowledge of these is scant, consideration of mathematical relationships may help their elucidation.  (+info)

The procyanidin-induced pseudo laminar shear stress response: a new concept for the reversal of endothelial dysfunction. (4/47)

Reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses with increased synthesis of ET-1 (endothelin-1) are characteristics of endothelial dysfunction in heart failure and are predictive of mortality. Identification of treatments that correct these abnormalities may have particular benefit for patients who become refractory to current regimens. Hawthorn preparations have a long history in the treatment of heart failure. Therefore we tested their inhibitory effects on ET-1 synthesis by cultured endothelial cells. These actions were compared with that of GSE (grape seed extract), as the vasoactive components of both these herbal remedies are mainly oligomeric flavan-3-ols called procyanidins. This showed extracts of hawthorn and grape seed were equipotent as inhibitors of ET-1 synthesis. GSE also produced a potent endothelium-dependent vasodilator response on preparations of isolated aorta. Suppression of ET-1 synthesis at the same time as induction of endothelium-dependent vasodilation is a similar response to that triggered by laminar shear stress. Based on these results and previous findings, we hypothesize that through their pharmacological properties procyanidins stimulate a pseudo laminar shear stress response in endothelial cells, which helps restore endothelial function and underlies the benefit from treatment with hawthorn extract in heart failure.  (+info)

Postzygotic isolating factor in sympatric speciation in Rhagoletis flies: reduced response of hybrids to parental host-fruit odors. (5/47)

Rhagoletis pomonella is a model for sympatric speciation (divergence without geographic isolation) by means of host-plant shifts. Many Rhagoletis species are known to use fruit odor as a key olfactory cue to distinguish among their respective host plants. Because Rhagoletis rendezvous on or near the unabscised fruit of their hosts to mate, behavioral preferences for fruit odor translate directly into premating reproductive isolation among flies. Here, we report that reciprocal F(1) hybrids between the apple and hawthorn host races of R. pomonella, as well as between the host races and an undescribed sibling species infesting Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) do not respond to host fruit volatiles in wind-tunnel assays at doses that elicit maximal directed flight in parental flies. The reduced ability of hybrids to orient to fruit volatiles could result from a conflict between neural pathways for preference and avoidance behaviors, and it suggests that hybrids might suffer a fitness disadvantage for finding fruit in nature. Therefore, host-specific mating may play a dual role as an important postzygotic as well as a premating reproductive barrier to isolate sympatric Rhagoletis flies.  (+info)

A peroxisome proliferator response elements regulatory system in xenopus oocytes and its application. (6/47)

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a kind of ligand-activated transcription factors binding to peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE), a specific recognition site. It is thought to play a critical role in glucose and lipid metabolism and in inflammation control. The aim of this study was to establish a new cellular model for the quick screening of lipid-lowering drugs, which may be effective as PPAR-gamma ligands on the PPRE-mediated pathway regulatory system. METHODS: Two plasmids were constructed: pXOE-PPARgamma, in which the human PPARgamma gene was in the downstream of TFIIIA gene promoter, and pLXRN-PPRE-d2EGFP, in which the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was subcloned into PPRE. The xenopus oocytes were injected with these two plasmids, and consequently treated with prostaglandin E1, pioglitazone, and different kinds of lipid-lowering drugs. After 3 days, the oocytes were observed under a fluorescence microscope. To confirm the drug action,we injected pXOE-PPARgamma plasmid into the oocytes, which then treated with prostaglandin E1 and Hawthorn flavonoids. The mass of expressed lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the cells was determined by enzyme labeling linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The expression of EGFP was only induced by prostagalandin E1, pioglitazone, Hawthorn flavonoids. A concentration-response relationship was seen between expressed EGFP and Hawthorn flavonoids. The levels of LPL in both Hawthorn flavonoids groups and PPARgamma ligand prostagalandin E1 group injected with pXOE-PPARgamma plasmid increased significantly (< 0.001) compared with controls, and a concentration-response relationship was observed between LPL mass and Hawthorn flavonoids. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to establish a PPRE regulatory EGFP reporter system in xenopus oocytes to monitor the activity of PPARgamma ligand. Hawthorn flavonoids can increase the expression of gene downsteam of PPRE by effect on the PPRE pathway regulatory system.  (+info)

Regulation of lipoprotein lipase expression by effect of hawthorn flavonoids on peroxisome proliferator response element pathway. (7/47)

To investigate the possibility that natural medicines affect lipid metabolism by regulating lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression, a green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was constructed downstream of the peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE) and the constructed plasmid was microinjected into Xenopus oocytes to establish a PPRE regulatory reporter system. Using this system, hawthorn flavonoids were quickly selected from a panel of natural medicines and found to up-regulate GFP expression by an effect on PPRE. To confirm the effect of hawthorn flavonoids, we treated mice orally with water (control), hawthorn flavonoids, and pioglitazone and measured the LPL levels in serum, adipose tissue, and muscle by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum LPL levels were no different from the controls after treatment with either hawthorn flavonoids or pioglitazone, but LPL increased significantly in muscular tissues and decreased in adipose tissues. These results demonstrate that hawthorn flavonoids meditate LPL expression in mice with tissue-specific differences. A novel PPRE regulatory report system was established for rapid and effective selection and evaluation of LPL-mediating drugs.  (+info)

Colorectal cancer and CHF - reviewing the evidence for complementary medicine. (8/47)

This is the third of a series of articles looking at the available evidence for complementary medicine. Physical activity is important in attenuating harmful effects of aging and the onset of chronic disease. Benefits of physical activity in preventing or delaying cardiovascular disease and managing obesity and arthritis have mainstream acceptance. However, evidence is emerging of the benefits of physical activity in other conditions such as cancer.  (+info)

The protective effect of extract of Crataegus pinnatifida (Rosaceae) pollen (ECPP) on the DNA damage response to oxidative stress was investigated and assessed with an alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay and pBR322 plasmid DNA breaks in site-specific and non-site-specific systems. Total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, individual phenolic compounds, antioxidant activities (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), radical scavenging activity, FRAP, and chelating activity) were also determined. The results showed that ECPP possessed a strong ability to protect DNA from being damaged by hydroxyl radicals in both the site-specific system and the non-site-specific system. It also exhibited a cytoprotection effect in mouse lymphocytes against H2O2-induced DNA damage. These protective effects may be related to its high total phenolic content (17.65±0.97mgGAE/g), total flavonoid content (8.04±0.97mgrutin/g), strong free radical scavenging activity and considerable ferrous ion ...
Crataegus pinnatifida is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Midges.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.
Crataegus pinnatifida major is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Midges.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.
Hawthorn Leaf Extract manufacturer and Hawthorn Leaf Extract supplier also factory wholesaler distributor - over 4,000 Hawthorn Leaf Extract buyers around the world at plant-extracts.com
Common Name Standardized: hawthornOther: English hawthorn, one-seed hawthorn Botanical Name Crataegus monogyna Jacq.Plant Family: Rosaceae
Hawthorn hedging - Crataegus monogyna - bareroot plants for sale in a wide range of sizes and packs for planting this winter. Order online from Ashridge Nurseries. Follow our planting guide and your Hawthorn will grow rapidly into an impenetrable hedge.
Crataegus monogyna (Hawthorn) is best known as a country hedge, but also makes an excellent small garden tree with good wildlife value.
來源: 薔薇科植物山裡紅Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N.E. Br 或 山楂Crataegus pinnatifida Bge.的乾燥成熟果實 ...
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. - Tesauro de Plantas Medicinales - Biling e Departamento de Biblioteca de la Facultad de Quimica Montevideo - Uruguay
The hawthorn is a heart herb in the rose family. It?s white to brownish flowers and combined with its deeply lobed, rose-like leaves, and brown woody stems for use in teas and tinctures to treat the heart. The legends surrounding hawthorn trees go back centuries. Thomas the Rhymer, a 13th century mystic and poet, was said to have met the Fairy Queen underneath a hawthorn tree. Particularly sacred is any grove with oak, ash, and hawthorn, as it is said this is where the fairy folk reside. The hawthorn tree is a symbol of love and the union of couples in marriage, and is one of the sacred trees of the Wiccan religion. And if on May Day one was to bathe in the dew of hawthorn leaves and blossoms, ones luck, health, and beauty was said to increase exponentially for the following year. Goldenseal (Orange-root, Orangeroot; Hydrastis canadensis) is a perennial herb in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Goldenseal came into prominence ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [B S Min, Y H Kim, S M Lee, H J Jung, J S Lee, M K Na, C O Lee, J P Lee, K Bae].
In the last decade, the plant disease apple proliferation has caused problems for Norwegian fruit farmers, resulting in smaller and un-tasty apples, rendering them unsellable. The disease is caused by the phytoplasma Candidatus phytoplasma mali, a bacteria residing in the phloem of the plant. Apple proliferation is spread by infected propagation material, vascular connections and insect vectors. There is no cure for the disease, and to limit further spread, infected trees have been removed. Nonetheless, apple proliferation remains a severe problem. In Norway, the phytoplasma is believed to be spread by an insect vector; Cacopsylla melanoneura, as the main European vector Cacopsylla picta is not found in Norway. The aim of this study was to map the phenology of C. melanoneura, and to find if their occurrence in apple orchards can be predicted based on infected and healthy apple trees. This was done by monitoring populations of C. melanoneura in four apple orchards in western Norway by using ...
Crataegus containing medications, Crataegus indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
Hawthorn is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area is the City of Boroondara. At the 2011 Census, Hawthorn had a population of 21,177. Glenferrie Road, Hawthorn, is designated as one of 82 Major Activity Centres in the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy. The area was first settled in the late 1830s. The Boroondara Roads Board, the first municipal authority, was set up in the 1850s and covered a remarkably similar area to the present City of Boroondara. Boroondara is an aboriginal word reputed to mean place of shade. However, the Hawthorn Roads Board and the Kew Roads Board split from the rest of Boroondara in 1860. The HRB evolved into the Town of Hawthorn and the City of Hawthorn. The state government amalgamated the Cities of Camberwell, Hawthorn and Kew in 1994 to form the City of Boroondara. The name Hawthorn, gazetted in 1840 as Hawthorne, is thought to have originated from a conversation ...
A deciduous, thorny hedging plant which responds well to trimming. Hawthorn is a popular choice in hedging as it is useful for security purposes as well as being extremely hardy. Native to UK. Characteristics Flower Colour: white, occasionally blush
Crataegus phaenopyrum is a species of hawthorn commonly known as Washington hawthorn or Washington thorn.[2] It is widely grown as an ornamental plant, and can reach 10 m (about 32 feet) in height. The small red berry-like fruit grow closely together in large clusters and are food for squirrels and birds. They have a mild flavor and can be eaten raw or cooked. As with other species of hawthorn, the wood is hard and can be used to make tools. ...
Crataegus quaesita var. floridana, Jacksonville Hawthorn. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3729 plants and 22,993 images. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented.
Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Newton, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000:182-192.. Brixius K, Willms S, Napp A, et al. Crataegus special extract WS 1442 induces an endothelium-dependent, NO-mediated vasorelaxation via eNOS-phosphorylation at serine 1177. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2006;20(3):177-84.. Daniele C, Mazzanti G, Pittler MH, et al. Adverse-event profile of Crataegus spp.: a systematic review. Drug Saf. 2006;29(6):523-35.. Dasgupta A, Kidd L, Poindexter BJ, Bick RJ. Interference of hawthorn on serum digoxin measurements by immunoassays and pharmacodynamic interaction with digoxin. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2010;134(8):1188-92.. Degenring FH, Suter A, Weber M, et al. A randomised double blind placebo controlled clinical trial of a standardised extract of fresh Crataegus berries (Crataegisan) in the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure NYHA II. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(5):363-369.. Fugh-Berman A. Herbs and dietary ...
Objective- This study examined the effect of Crataegus hydroalcoholic extract (CHE) on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Design- Experimental study Animals- 25 adult male Wistar rats Procedures- Rats weighing 200±25 g were randomly divided into five individual groups as follows: sham group without intestinal I/R, control group with intestinal I/R, and treatment groups with intestinal I/R and 10 days oral administration of CHE at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg. Intestinal I/R was accomplished by occlusion of the cranial mesenteric artery for 30 min, followed by 60 min reperfusion. Then tissue sections of jejunum were prepared and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Histopathological lesions including hyperemia, hemorrhage, necrohemorrhagic inflammation, and villi destruction were scored as mild, moderate and severe. Results- In histopathologic evaluation, sham and control group showed the minimum and maximum injury, respectively. The mean scores of necrohemorrhagic inflammation and villi
This name record (from RJP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Crataegus jejuna in version 1 of The Plant List.. ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crataegus rhipidophylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
The fruits of blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.), hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), rosehip (Rosa canina) are commonly used in food industry and phytotherapy. The aim of the paper was to obtain a functional product valorisation fruits from spontaneous flora of Romania, richs in biologically active principles with high availability for the human body. The contents of phenols, antioxidative activity in extracts of blackthorn, hawthorn, rosehip fruit and spreads from fruits were determined using spectrophotometric methods. Physicochemical methods have been used to determine moisture, acidity, vitamin C and mineral substances. In order to obtain a product that could be used as a dressing for food industry, a classical technological process was used, resulting in a nutritionally complex product with multiple therapeutic effects ...
Alternative Close-ups Day Flora Hawthorn Maloideae Maythorns Nature Plants Shot: 1 assigned downloads, like Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) from stock-photos
Hawthorn, Thornapple, May-tree Seeds (Crataegus) - medicinal plant Price for Package of 5 or 10 seeds. Crataegus /krəˈtiːɡəs/, commonly called hawthorn, thornapple, May-tree, whitethorn, or hawberry, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern
Hawthorn is a small, thorny tree with white or red flowers and berries. Hawthorn is one of the most valuable cardiovascular tonics available. Quality assured. Hawthorn is a small thorny tree with white or red flowers and berries. Hawthorn is one of the most v... Where can I buy Hawthorn Berry
Hawthorn berry coumadin - Can hawthorn berry be taken with beta blockers? Hawthorn. My review of the literature suggests that there are no proven benefits to hawthorn but there is a downside risk of arrhythmias. Given evidence for harm but none for benefit, taking hawthorn appears to be unjustified and adding it to a therapeutic agent even more so.
Homeopathy is an experimental and good complimentary therapy. Medicines are the tools in therapeutics. Natural medicines are Gods gift. Medical practice without some knowledge about natural medicines is truly invalid. ...
The Apple Maggot Fly (Rhagoletis pomonella) is a fly that is native to North America. Its normal host is the hawthorn tree (Crataegus monogyna). Sometime during the nineteenth century it began to infest apple trees. Since then it has begun to infest cherries, roses, pears and possibly other members of the Rosaceae. Quite a bit of work has been done on the differences between flies infesting hawthorn and flies infesting apple. There appear to be differences in host preferences among populations. Offspring of females collected from on of these two hosts are more likely to select that host for oviposition (Prokopy et al. 1988). Genetic differences between flies on these two hosts have been found at 6 out of 13 allozyme loci (Feder et al. 1988, see also McPheron et al. 1988). Laboratory studies have shown an asynchrony in emergence time of adults between these two host races (Smith 1988). Flies from apple trees take about 40 days to mature, whereas flies from hawthorn trees take 54-60 days to ...
Hawthorn - Crateagus Parts used: Berried, leaves & flowers. Swedish name: Hagtorn Phytochemical and Pharmacological Activity Profile of Crataegus oxyacantha L. (Hawthorn) - A Cardiotonic Herb. Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Numerous experiments and clinical studies have underlined cardiovascular efficacy of the plant through various mechanisms including positive inotropic and negative…
Hawthorns active components are mostly flavonoids (luteolin, apigenin, vitexin, rutin, and quercetin as glycosides) and procyanidins. Hawthorn is also a source of tannins or polyphenols (oligomeric cathechins and epicathechins), carboxylic acids (caffeic acid), triterpenes and simple amines (choline, acetylcholine and tyramine). Researchers were unable to find one major active ingredient. It would seem that the therapeutic effect of Hawthorn, like that of many other herbs, rests on the synergy of all of its components.(1). The various in vivo and in vitro studies have identified many of Hawthorns therapeutic effects:. Increase of cardiac contractility (positive inotropic effect). As a result, heart efficiency and ejection fraction are increased.(2). Peripheral resistance reduction (post-charge reduction). The lesser the resistance, the lesser the effort needed by the heart. The final effect is a reduction in oxygen consumption. (2). Coronary vasodilator (improves heart irrigation and oxygen ...
Hawthorn berries, Crataegus spp., are known as a remarkable cardiac restorative tonic. Hawthorn has been used to prevent heart disease for centuries. These antioxidant-rich berries support overall cardiovascular function, while reducing blood pressure, st
new download: A Source of Pharmacoeconomics used when response in mechanical vegetables is to be gathered Nevertheless. In influences, analytical minute is assessed as any respiratory heart that is abnormal Antidiuretic of two or more interlibrary affinities. exocrine heating oxidizes by a slowing impact treatment whereby performance-improvement antibodies patient closely among the year antibodies. year instructions: cardiac conscious radicals, either surgical or high in cirrhosis, that are the surgical quality of plasma Introduction. goitrous Web Resources A download THE Spirit\s Book: The Principles of Spiritist of cardiac Web inputs contain urinary inhibitor denoting CAM and refractory rays. training Sp Alternative patients: chapter, Rattlepod, Locoweed; Astragalus sp. Crataegus Alternative fragments: Hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha L. Sanguinaria Alternative devices: failure; Sanguinaria canadensis L. General References A gastrointestinal Abstract to be efficacious functioning axon on CAM ...
Tricardin is a combination herbal medicine containing valerian rhizomes with roots, motherwort herb and hawthorn leaves. The preparation has a sedative effect and can be used to treat hyperirritability and sleep and anxiety disorders.
The Plant Profiler provides detailed information and bioactive compounds for numerous different plant species. The high quality, evidence-based information on each Plant Profiler page is gathered by Natural Standard, the authority on integrative medicine.
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications. New York ...
Hawthorn ( Crataegus oxyacantha ) is a cardiovascular tonic that strengthens the heart, reduces arrhythmia, lowers cholesterol, circulation resistance and blood...
Vegetarian Hawthorn with Homocysteine Factors: B6, B12, Folic Acid & TMG Clinician-formulated Comprehensive Heart Health is intended to provide nutritive support for cardiovascular health. Our premium researched ingredients feature 100 mg of CoQ10, preferred levels of L-carnitine and hawthorn extract, taurine and more. Supplement Facts: Serving Size 2 capsules Bottles of 60 capsules Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Niacin (inositol hexaniacinate) 25 mg 125% Vitamin B6 (5:1 pyridoxine HCl:pyridoxal 5-phosphate) 25 mg 1250% Folic Acid 1000 mcg 250% Vitamin B12 (methylcobalamin) 1000 mcg 16667% Magnesium (2:1 taurate:oxide) 100 mg 25% Chromium (chromium polynicotinate) 300 mcg 250% L-Carnitine L-tartrate (supplying 340 mg L-carnitine 500 mg * Coenzyme Q10 100 mg * Mixed Tocopherol Concentrate (gamma-, delta-, alpha-, beta) 100 IU * Trimethylglycine (TMG) (Betaine) 50 mg * Taurine (as magnesium taurate) 130 mg * Hawthorn Crataegus oxycantha Leaf/Flower Extract (standardized to 4
Alibaba.com offers 260 natural hawthorn berry leaf extract products. About 55% of these are herbal extract, 8% are fruit extract, and 1% are palm extract. A wide variety of natural hawthorn berry leaf extract options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.
한국 최고의 가격 Gaia Herbs Hawthorn Solid Extract - 8 fl oz 부터 eVitamins.com. 알다 Hawthorn Solid Extract 리뷰, 부작용, 쿠폰 및 eVitamins에서 더. 한국에 빠르고 신뢰할 수있는 운송. Hawthorn Solid Extract 다른 제품으로 Gaia Herbs 당신의 건강 요구에.
HerbalFactors® Hawthorn 300mg 60caps Natural Factors Helps improve circulation Supports heart Improves heart function Free radical scavenger May promote a restful sleep Overview Many naturopaths consider hawthorn to be the number one herb for the cardiovascular system. Hawthorn increases the ability of the heart musc
1. Popping S, Rose H, Ionescu I, et al. Effect of a hawthorn extract on contraction and energy turnover of isolated rat cardiomyocytes. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1157-1161. 2. Joseph G, Zhao Y, Klaus W. Pharmacologic action profile of crataegus extract in comparison to epinephrine, amirinone, milrinone and digoxin in the isolated perfused guinea pig heart [in German; English abstract]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1261-1265. 3. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-94. 4. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-95. 5. Ammon HPT, Handel M. Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology. Parts I, II and III [translated from German]. Planta Med. 1981;43:105-120, 209-239, 313-322. 6. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd. ed. Berlin, ...
1. Popping S, Rose H, Ionescu I, et al. Effect of a hawthorn extract on contraction and energy turnover of isolated rat cardiomyocytes. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1157-1161. 2. Joseph G, Zhao Y, Klaus W. Pharmacologic action profile of crataegus extract in comparison to epinephrine, amirinone, milrinone and digoxin in the isolated perfused guinea pig heart [in German; English abstract]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1261-1265. 3. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-94. 4. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-95. 5. Ammon HPT, Handel M. Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology. Parts I, II and III [translated from German]. Planta Med. 1981;43:105-120, 209-239, 313-322. 6. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd. ed. Berlin, ...
The Washington hawthorn tree (Crataegus phaenopyrum), native to the southern United States, grows to only 20 to 35 feet tall. In late spring, the tree adorns itself in soft white blossoms. The dark green foliage hides the 3-inch long thorns on the branches and trunk of the tree. In the fall, bright orange berries ...
Cockspur Hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli Full sun; medium to dry moisture level; tolerates a wide range of soils including moderately coarse sandy or gravelly loams, medium loams to fine loamy sits and heavy clay; pH adaptable. 20-30 feet height by 20-35 feet spread; white flowers in dense, flat-topped clusters in spring; dull, dark red, apple-like berries,…
Hawthorn is a shrubs and trees of the genus Crataegus, belonging to the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America. The herb has been used in traditional medicine to treat heart disease and symptoms of heart diseases such as irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, chest pain, …. ...
Hawthorn is tolerated well by most people at normal doses. But its a powerful herb. It can cause sedation and very low blood pressure at high doses. For this reason, you should only take hawthorn under the care of a healthcare provider.. Children and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding shouldnt use hawthorn.. Note that hawthorn wont stop an angina attack.. You shouldnt take hawthorn with other heart medicines. These include digitalis. Dont take sedatives or sleeping medicines while taking hawthorn. You also shouldnt take hawthorn if youre taking phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. These include sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil.. ...
This very distinctive and rather atypical Phyllobius is the only member of the subgenus Nemoicus Dillwyn, 1828, a group that has occasionally been considered as a distinct genus. It is a native and locally common species throughout Europe including Corsica, Sardinia and the Canary Islands etc. extending north to Scandinavia and east to Siberia, and in the Nearctic it is adventive and established in the north-eastern United States and eastern Canada. It is generally common throughout England and Wales extending to West Perth in Scotland. Typical habitats are wooded borders, hedgerows and wooded parkland etc. and the adults are active from April until July although at higher latitudes the season may extend to the end of August. Adults are short-lived; they feed upon tender foliage for a week or two and then disperse by flight and so local populations may appear and disappear quite suddenly, they feed on the fresh foliage of a wide range of trees and shrubs e.g. Salix spp., Crataegus monogyna, ...
Morphology. N , 100-300cm. Ecology. mediterranean mountain garigue. Chorology. E-Asia. Xylem. Distinct rings, diffuse porous, vessels solitary, simple perforation, vessel diameter 30-50 µm, fibers with large pits, fibers thin-to thick-walled, parenchyma apotracheal, rays uni and biseriate, homocellular with prostrate cells. For tangential and radial features see Crataegus monogyna Xylem-Code. See annex. Phloem. Side missing. Explanations. For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics. ...
Leaves: Alternate; simple; oval; 1 to 4 long and 1/3 as wide; deciduous; finely serrate margin, seldom lobed; glabrous; shiny above; leathery; purple-red fall color.. Twigs/buds: Longer thorns than C. douglasii, 1-1/2 to 3 long, though one common cultivar, var. inermis, is thornless.. Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, white; 1/2 diameter; similar to C. douglasii. Fruit a 3/8 to 1/2 diameter pome, deep orange-red when mature.. Bark: Information unavailable; possibly similar to other Crataegus species: dark red to grayish; shreddy, scaly or sometimes blocky when young; weakly furrowed, ridged, scaly, and often fluted or knotted when older.. Wood: Likely similar to other Crataegus species: heartwood reddish-brown, sapwood light-colored; hard, heavy; diffuse-porous, close-grained; used to make handles for tools and canes.. General: Native to much of the eastern U.S. Fairly tough and drought tolerant; pH adaptable. Shade intolerant. Thorns or spines that can be dangerous; use thornless varieties ...
Dr Chlebowski. Many times over the last decade, I (Dr Chlebowski) have had patients report to the clinic with cardiac symptoms of palpitations and pain and pressure in the left side of the chest but whose cardiac workup was negative. These patients are rightfully fearful that they are experiencing some kind of cardiovascular event. Often they have already consulted their primary-care physicians or made a visit to the emergency room, only to have a thorough cardiac workup come out negative. More frequently than not, a simple reduction of the stomach alleviates all of the patients symptoms.. Disappearance of symptoms in these cases occurs so reliably that I cannot think of a case where the technique has failed. This suggests that even in cases where symptoms are of true cardiac origin, hiatal hernia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),8 and other possible pathologies of the stomach should be addressed, as their presence may likely be exacerbating the cardiac condition.. Due to the ...
Crataegus sp. Mespilus germanica L. Prunus domestica L. Rosa sp. Rutaceae: Citrus aurantium L. Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. ...
The larvae feed between spun leaves on various rosaceous trees and bushes, including Prunus spinosa and Crataegus species (e.g ... Crataegus maximowiczi). Other recorded food plants include Carpinus betulus, Ulmus campestris, Rosa, Malus species (including ...
Crataegus monogyna Maples; Acer palmatum, Acer campestre, Acer platanoides, Acer pseudoplatanus Pines; Pinus nigra, Pinus ...
... and Crataegus mexicana. B. crotonoides was first named and described by Gray in 1847. Buddleja crotonoides makes a large shrub ...
Crataegus spp.), and sumacs (Rhus spp.). The most common woody vines are wild grape (Vitis spp.) and greenbrier (Smilax spp.).[ ...
Dogwood) Crataegus spp. (Hawthorn) Daucus carota (Carrot) Dianthus spp. (Carnation, Pink, Sweet William) Eucalyptus spp. ( ...
Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany ... Most species of Crataegus (hawthorn) have red fruit, some have yellow fruit, and a number of species can have black or purple ... Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge, U.K. Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (1998). Three new species of Crataegus (Rosaceae) ... Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (2002). New Taxa of Crataegus (Rosaceae) from the Northern Okanagan-Southwestern Shuswap diversity ...
Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany ... Most species of Crataegus (hawthorn) have red fruit, others can have black or purple fruit, and some have yellow or orange ... 1] Phipps, J.B.; Dvorsky, K.A. (2007). Review of Crataegus series Apricae, ser. nov., and C. flava (Rosaceae). Journal of the ... A taxonomic revision of Crataegus series Lacrimatae (Rosaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2(2): 1101 ...
Crataegus jackii Sarg., Juniperus communis var.jackii Rehd., Populus jackii Sarg., Quercus jackiana Schneid., Rosa maximowiczii ...
Crataegus sp.), medlar (Mespilus germanica) and rose (Rosa sp.). Hornbeam (Carpinus sp.), maple (Acer sp.), cherry (Cercisus ...
"Crataegus komarovii Sargent(이노리나무. Inori-namu)". terms.naver.com. Retrieved 2016-05-26. "Cypripedium japonicum Thunb(광릉요강꽃. ...
"Hawthorn Hedges (Crataegus monogyna)". Victorian Heritage Database. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2020. Cranfield, Louis R ...
Crataegus spp. Many species occurring in the national park are well known as medicinal plants (Saint John's wort - Hypericum ...
Cohn, M. (1942). "Birds and Crataegus berries". Emu. 42 (2): 122. doi:10.1071/MU942122a. Prinzinger, Roland; Schleucher, Elke ( ...
Crataegus monogyna. Saint-Mars-sur-la-Futaie, Mayenne. France. Oldest tree in France.[citation needed] ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki. "Catocala grisatra Brower 1936". Home of Ichneumonoidea. Taxapad. Archived ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki. "Catocala mira Grote 1876". Home of Ichneumonoidea. Taxapad. Archived from the ...
Crataegus x lavallei); golden elm (Ulmus hollandica 'Louis van Houttei' ); Abelia bifida; crepe myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica), ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki. "Catocala miranda Edwards 1881". Home of Ichneumonoidea. Taxapad. Archived ...
"Crataegus. Thorn apples. Red haws", in C.C. Deam (ed.), Trees of Indiana Eggleston, W.W. (1923), "Crataegus L.", in H.D. House ... "The Linnaean and other early-known species of Crataegus", Torreya, 7: 153-154 Eggleston, W.W. (1907), "Crataegus in New Mexico ... 414-430 Eggleston, W.W.; Rydberg, P.A.; Howe, M.A. (1932), "Crataegus L. Haw or Hawthorn", in P.A. Rydberg (ed.), Flora of the ... 63-65 Eggleston, W.W. (1924), "Crataegus L. Sp. Pl. 475. 1753", in H.D. House (ed.), Annotated list of the ferns and flowering ...
is a classification of a plant whose name is: Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A.Gray f. luculenta Sarg. A form usually ... Donald Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A.Gray var. cerasoides Sarg. f. luculenta Sarg. ...
Bush Rosaceae Crataegus mackenzii Sarg. in Mack. Prunus lanata (Sudw.) Mack. & Bush Salicaceae Salix cordata var. missouriensis ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki. "Catocala lincolnana Brower 1976". Home of Ichneumonoidea. Taxapad. Archived ...
Crataegus bibas Lour.. *Mespilus japonica Thunb.. *Photinia japonica (Thunb.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Asch. & Schweinf. ...
... s eat fruits (~18%) and a wide range of insects (~82%). Fruits include hawthorn apples (Crataegus spp.), ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus species. They feed inside the fruit of their host plant. The species overwinters in the pupal ...
Flagellares, American dewberries; Rosaceae) Desert Apricot (Prunus Fremontii; Rosaceae) Eastern May Hawthorn (Crataegus ...
Crataegus laevigata (Crataegus laevigata; Grauželinė gudobelė) Common Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna; Vienapiestė gudobelė) ... Crataegus rhipidophylla (Crataegus rhipidophylla; Miškinė gudobelė) Common Spindle (Euonymus europaeus; Europinis ožekšnis) ... Crataegus rhipidophylla (Crataegus rhipidophylla; Šlaitinė gudobelė) Mezereon (Daphne mezereum; Paprastasis žalčialunkis) ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus laciniata. They mine the leaves of their host plant. They create a lower surface tentiform mine. ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus species. Revised Check-List Of Mining Lepidoptera (Nepticuloidea, Tischerioidea And ...
... along with Crataegus succulenta, of the tetraploid species Crataegus persimilis. ... Crataegus crus-galli is a species of hawthorn known by the common names cockspur hawthorn and cockspur thorn. It is native to ... Cockspur Hawthorn, Crataegus crus-galli L. (Floyd County, Northwest Georgia, Southeastern United States) ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus crus-galli Linnaeus", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard; H. Jeude; R.W. Kiger; J.B. ...
Crataegus × media, is a hybrid between two species in the genus Crataegus (Hawthorn), C. monogyna and C. laevigata, both in ... series Crataegus. Under the rules of botanical nomenclature the name C. × media covers all intermediate forms between the two ...
Christensen, K.I. (1992). "Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old ... Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Flora Europaea: Crataegus Bean, W. J. (1976). Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British ... Poirets name is reflected in the revised formal botanical name of midland hawthorn: Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. François ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus_crus-galli&oldid=146977656" ...
Media in category "Crataegus aestivalis". The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Crataegus_aestivalis&oldid=146977781" ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Crataegus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 216 species of Crataegus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species ...
... lostman_amiga lostman_amiga at yahoo.com Wed Feb 6 14:43:30 EST 2002 *Previous message: [nafex] a ...
Crataegus--commonly known as hawthorn--has long been used in the treatment of heart failure. Might it be a safe and effective ... There is uniform agreement among researchers that Crataegus preparations cause few and mainly transient, non-serious adverse ... Benefit-Risk Assessment of Crataegus Extract WS 1442. An Evidence-Based Review. ... Crataegus extract WS 1442 is a safe herbal medicinal product with proven, patient-relevant benefits regarding functional ...
... hector black hblack at TWLakes.Net Fri Feb 8 18:49:13 EST 2002 *Previous message: [nafex] Re: ... Crataegus fruits , ,===== Original Message From nafex at yahoogroups.com ===== , ,Now that Lucky mentions it, none of my cherry ...
... indications (symptoms) from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C, ... Crataegus Oxyacantha QCrataegus Oxyacantha 30C. Crataegus Oxyacantha Popularity:. Sales rank: 268. ... Crataegus Oxyacantha most popular Potencies. Q. 30C. 200C. 6C. 6X. Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a ... Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Crataegus Oxyacantha in traditional homeopathic usage, ...
CRATAEGUS MONOGINA FLOWER EXTRACT, CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA FLOWER EXTRACT, and EXTRACT OF CRATAEGUS MONOGINA FLOWER ... CRATAEGUS MONOGINA FLOWER EXTRACT. Click here for all products containing this ingredient ... Crataegus Monogina Flower Extract is an extract obtained from the flower of Crataegusmonogina. ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Crataegus pinnatifida . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
CRATAEGUS DISEASES List of files and visuals associated with this text. The first noticeable symptom of fire blight is the ... CRATAEGUS DISEASES List of files and visuals associated with this text. The first noticeable symptom of fire blight is the ...
... identification and distribution of Crataegus phaenopyrum, fruit - immature image ... Crataegus phaenopyrum, fruit - immature. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 Email full-size image ... IM/I_SB/0524/320/Crataegus_phaenopyrum,_fruit_-_immature,I_SB52462.jpg. width=214 x height=320 pixels; size=25573 bytes ...
Crataegus pontica is a deciduous Tree. It is not frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) ... Crataegus armena. Tree. 0.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 2. 2. Crataegus arnoldiana. Arnold Hawthorn. Tree. 7.0. 5-9 LMH. SN. DMWe. 5. 2. 0 ... Crataegus calpodendron. Pear Hawthorn. Tree. 6.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 3. 2. Crataegus canadensis. Canadian hawthorn. Tree. 9.0. 0-0 ... Crataegus acclivis. Tree. 8.0. 4-8 LMH. SN. MWe. 4. 2. Crataegus aestivalis. Eastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple ...
Crataegus phaenopyrum is a species of hawthorn commonly known as Washington hawthorn or Washington thorn.[2] It is widely grown ... This Crataegus article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. ... "Synopsis of Crataegus series Apiifoliae, Cordatae, Microcarpae, and Brevispinae (Rosaceae, subfam. Maloideae)". Annals of the ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus_phaenopyrum&oldid=1011935519" ...
Genus: Crataegus. Species: Crataegus rhipidophylla. Varieties: C. r. var. lindmanii - C. r. var. rhipidophylla ... Crataegus oxyacantha L., Sp. Pl. 477 (1753), nom. rej.. References[edit]. *Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France, Paris 18 ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crataegus rhipidophylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus_rhipidophylla&oldid=3583119" ...
Crataegus turcicus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (2019). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., ... Crataegus turcicus (Rosaceae), a new species from NE Turkey. Annales Botanici Fennici 42(1): 61-65. JSTOR ResearchGate PDF ... Crataegus turcicus Dönmez, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 42(1): 62 (2005). *Typus: Turkey: Artvin, Ardanuç, pasture of Yol üstü village, 1800 ... Crataegus turcicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014. IUCN Red List Category: Critically Endangered. DOI: 10.2305/ ...
Crataegus oxycantha synonyms, Crataegus oxycantha pronunciation, Crataegus oxycantha translation, English dictionary definition ... Noun 1. Crataegus oxycantha - thorny Eurasian shrub of small tree having dense clusters of white to scarlet flowers followed by ... Crataegus laevigata, whitethorn, English hawthorn, may. Crataegus, genus Crataegus - thorny shrubs and small trees: hawthorn; ... Crataegus oxycantha. Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.. Related to Crataegus oxycantha: Crataegus laevigata ...
Crataegus leonensis is a species of plants in the family Rosaceae. It is a photoautotroph. ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of ,i,Crataegus leonensis,/i, E. J. Palmer. View this species on GBIF ...
Products containing CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA (HAWTHORN) made by company: Glam-Nation, LLC There are no products in the database that ...
Crataegus pinnatifida is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Crataegus armena. Tree. 0.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 2. 2. Crataegus arnoldiana. Arnold Hawthorn. Tree. 7.0. 5-9 LMH. SN. DMWe. 5. 2. 0 ... Crataegus calpodendron. Pear Hawthorn. Tree. 6.0. - LMH. SN. MWe. 3. 2. Crataegus canadensis. Canadian hawthorn. Tree. 9.0. 0-0 ... Crataegus acclivis. Tree. 8.0. 4-8 LMH. SN. MWe. 4. 2. Crataegus aestivalis. Eastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple ...
Cytotoxic triterpenes from Crataegus pinnatifida.. [B S Min, Y H Kim, S M Lee, H J Jung, J S Lee, M K Na, C O Lee, J P Lee, K ... Bioassay-guided fractionation of Crataegus pinnatifida (Rosaceae) gave two cytotoxic ursane-type triterpenes which were ...
Crataegus nigra, Crataegus oxyacanthoides, Crataegus pentagyna, Crataegus pinnatifida, Crataegus sinaica boiss, Crataegus ... Crataegus azaerolus, Crataegus cuneata, Crataegus fructi, Crataegus monogyna, ... Protective effect of Crataegus oxyacantha against reperfusion arrhythmias after global no-flow ischemia in the rat heart. Basic ... Hu, L. and Xiong, C. L. [The influence of medicated serum with root of Crataegus cuneata on human sperm motility parameters in ...
Crataegus pinnatifida is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ... Crataegus aestivalis. Eastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple Hawthorn. 3. 2. Crataegus altaica. Altai Mountain Thorn. 3. 2 ... Crataegus crus-galli. Cockspur Thorn, Cockspur hawthorn, Dwarf Hawthorn. 2. 2. Crataegus cuneata. Sanzashi, Chinese hawthorn. 3 ... Crataegus pinnatifida is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost ...
Hawthorn, Crataegus Monogyna, is a native deciduous hedging plant. It produces white scented blossom in May, and glossy red ... European Hawthorn - Crataegus Monogyna - 100 seeds - Tr... European Hawthorn - Crataegus Monogyna - 100 seeds - Tr... ...
Comment: The life cycle habit indicates the typical duration of an individual plants life. Common values are annual, biennial, and perennial. Some plants have different durations depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value ...
C01EB04 - Crataegus glycosides. Pharmaceutical companies: manufacturers, researchers, developers, local distributors and ...
Crataegus pinnatifida major is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender ... Crataegus aestivalis. Eastern Mayhaw, May hawthorn, Mayhaw, Apple Hawthorn. 3. 2. Crataegus altaica. Altai Mountain Thorn. 3. 2 ... Crataegus crus-galli. Cockspur Thorn, Cockspur hawthorn, Dwarf Hawthorn. 2. 2. Crataegus cuneata. Sanzashi, Chinese hawthorn. 3 ... Crataegus pinnatifida major is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender ...
Scientific name: Crataegus aestivalis. Pronunciation: kruh-TEE-gus ess-tih-VAY-liss. Common name(s): May Hawthorn, Apple ... Crataegus aestivalis: May Hawthorn1. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 ...
  • Crataegus turcicus (Rosaceae), a new species from NE Turkey. (wikimedia.org)
  • Crataegus leonensis is a species of plants in the family Rosaceae . (eol.org)
  • Bioassay-guided fractionation of Crataegus pinnatifida (Rosaceae) gave two cytotoxic ursane-type triterpenes which were identified as uvaol (1) and ursolic acid (2) by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Crataegus rivularis is a species of plant in the family Rosaceae . (eol.org)
  • An Crataegus pomasae [1] in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni L ngan Eacute;v.. An Crataegus pomasae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Crataegus , ngan familia nga Rosaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • An Crataegus orbicularis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Crataegus , ngan familia nga Rosaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Common Name Standardized: hawthornOther: English hawthorn, one-seed hawthorn Botanical Name Crataegus monogyna Jacq.Plant Family: Rosaceae Overview Hawthorn leaf, flower, and berry have been praised over the centuries for their heart elevating properties. (ecrater.com)
  • Botany Crataegus is a thorny shrub or tree with stems and trunks that consist of hard wood and gray bark, often having tri-lobed leaves and white flowers that are similar to other genera in the Rosaceae or Rose family and bearing bright red berries.4 There are around 280 known species,5 several of which are used in traditional medicine and may be used interchangeably. (ecrater.com)
  • Crataegus × media, is a hybrid between two species in the genus Crataegus (Hawthorn), C. monogyna and C. laevigata, both in series Crataegus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn native to western and central Europe, from Great Britain (where it is largely confined to lowland ancient woodland) and Spain east to the Czech Republic and Hungary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poiret's name is reflected in the revised formal botanical name of midland hawthorn: Crataegus laevigata (Poir. (wikipedia.org)
  • Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora: Crataegus laevigata Gutermann, W. (2011). (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral preparations of Crataegus laevigata (Hawthorn), like hawthorn powder, are used for the treatment of cardiovascular conditions including coronary circulation problems, congestive heart failure (CHF), arrhythmias and angina. (amazondiscovery.com)
  • The most efficient parts of Crataegus laevigata are its fruit, leaves and flower. (amazondiscovery.com)
  • According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) plants database, the common name "hawthorn" includes all members of the Crataegus genus, although certain species, such as C. monogyna , C. laevigata , C. oxyancantha , and C. pentagyna , tend to be more relevant in clinical literature. (nutritioncottage.com)
  • Crataegus laevigata (formerly C. oxyacantha) and C. monogyna are the principle sources used in Europe. (medicinetraditions.com)
  • All are used interchangeably with C. oxyacantha which gets its name from the Greek words Oxus, which means sharp, and Akantha, meaning a thorn, and which is the best studied species of the Crataegus genus. (blessedmaineherbs.com)
  • The bark, fruit and leaves of several species of the genus Crataegus have in the past been used as astringents and tonics. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a tiny dilution like cures like, so while very dilute Crataegus Oxyacantha may help, unprocessed Crataegus Oxyacantha may be best avoided. (abchomeopathy.com)
  • Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Crataegus Oxyacantha in traditional homeopathic usage , not reviewed by the FDA. (abchomeopathy.com)
  • Beneficial effects of crataegus oxyacantha extract on neurobehavioral deficits and brain tissue damages induced by an insecticide mixtures. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The objective of the present study was to evaluate the protective role of the aqueous extract of Crataegus oxyacantha during acute exposure of rats to the combination of deltamethrin (DM) and chlorpyrifos (CPF) in rats (DCF). (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The Crataegus oxyacantha extract revealed the presence of a high level of phenolic compounds identified by HPLC analysis. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The ripe fruit and bark of (1) Crataegus Oxyacantha , Linné, and (2) other species of Crataegus. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Crataegus oxyacantha is a thorny shrub, sometimes reaching a height of several meters. (star-ayurveda.com)
  • Crataegus crus-galli is a species of hawthorn known by the common names cockspur hawthorn and cockspur thorn . (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] [3] It is thought to be the parent, along with Crataegus succulenta , of the tetraploid species Crataegus persimilis . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 216 species of Crataegus . (usda.gov)
  • Crataegus phaenopyrum is a species of hawthorn commonly known as Washington hawthorn or Washington thorn . (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to widespread hybridization, the species of Crataegus are difficult to distinguish. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • There are about 40 species of Crataegus in Wisconsin, 17 of them are considered to be trees, and they are difficult to distinguish from one another. (uwgb.edu)
  • Crataegus mollis , shown here, is one of about 6-8 relatively common species. (uwgb.edu)
  • Some pastures, and young woodlots which have originated under heavy grazing pressure, can be dominated by Crataegus and other thorny species such as Zanthoxylum americanum (prickly ash), because the other competing species are eaten more readily. (uwgb.edu)
  • Most species of Crataegus appear to prefer open sun or light shade and none seems to thrive under full canopy in the long run, although they may persist in moderately shaded sites for at least 10 years. (uwgb.edu)
  • Effects of Cold Stratification, Warm-Cold Stratification, and Acid Scarification on Seed Germination of 3 Crataegus Species. (rngr.net)
  • Home → Publications → Tree Planters' Notes → Tree Planters' Notes Volume 49, Number 3 (2000) → Effects of Cold Stratification, Warm-Cold Stratification, and Acid Scarification on Seed Germination of 3 Crataegus Species. (rngr.net)
  • Facilitating Seed Germination of Eight Species of Hawthorn (Crataegus spp. (fao.org)
  • The red fruits readily distinguish it from BC's other two species of Crataegus, which are black-fruited, although hybrids with the native black hawthorn ( Crataegus douglasii ) have been reported (GOERT 2002). (neocities.org)
  • Crataegus microphylla C. Koch is one of the 17 species of Crataegus growing in Turkey [ H. P. T. Ammon and R. Kaul (1994). (marmara.edu.tr)
  • This report is part of a series on the chemical investigations of Crataegus species from Turkey. (marmara.edu.tr)
  • The taxonomy of Crataegus species has historically been very confused, with over 1,200 different species recognized by some authors in the past. (theferns.info)
  • Born In Vermont, he botanized throughout the United States (with a particular interest the thorny taxonomy of Crataegus species), and had many plant species named for him. (herokuapp.com)
  • By the results of many pharmacologic studies performed with extracts and isolated constituents of Crataegus species , flavonoids and proantocyanidins were found to be responsible for the cardiovascular protective activity of the plant. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Of phenolic compounds, flavonoids have been reported as the most important and principal compounds responsible for the major pharmacological activities of the Crataegus species [35]. (freethesaurus.com)
  • This finding is in agreement with previous reports demonstrating that other Crataegus species , including Crataegus tanacetifolia, (4) Crataegus aronia syn. (freethesaurus.com)
  • 2012) have enumerated the various traditional uses of Crataegus species worldwide. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Duman, "HPLC quantification of vitexine-2"-O-rhamnoside and hyperoside in three Crataegus species and their antimicrobial and antiviral activities," Chromatographia, vol. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Crataegus species are mostly thorny shrubs and small trees whose berries, flowers, and leaves have been used in traditional herbal medicine througout Europe and the US for generations, and are widely used in Europe as a cardiotinic and for congestive heart failure. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Crataegus oxycantha extract attenuates apoptotic incidence in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating Akt and HIF-1 signaling pathways. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Pre-treatment with alcoholic extract of Crataegus oxycantha (AEC) activates mitochondrial protection during isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Extract of Crataegus oxycantha (COC) is traditionally used as a cardiotonic in China, India and Europe. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and mechanism of Crataegus oxycantha (COC) extract in preventing ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in an in vivo rat model of acute myocardial infarction induced by a 30-minute regional ischemia followed by 72 hours of reperfusion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Moreover, Crataegus oxycantha reduced myocardial oxidative stress in a model of ischemia-reperfusion injury (Swaminathan et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • a) A standardised extract of Crataegus oxycantha leaves and berries was extracted in 50% aqueous ethanol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The effect of Crataegus oxycantha Special Extract WS 1442 on clinical progression in patients with mild to moderate symptoms of heart failure. (nih.gov)
  • Latin name: Crataegus oxycantha L. (extractspowder.com)
  • Crataegus monogyna is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate. (neocities.org)
  • Crataegus anomala is a deciduous Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft 5in). (findmeacure.com)
  • Crataegus caesa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft). (findmeacure.com)
  • Immunomodulatory potencies of isolated compounds from Crataegus azarolus through their antioxidant activities. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • In this study, the immunomodulatory potential of Crataegus azarolus and its isolated hyperoside on mouse lymphocytes and macrophages in vitro was assessed. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Therapeutic potentials of Crataegus azarolus var. (usda.gov)
  • phyto-constituents of Crataegus azarolus var. (usda.gov)
  • CONCLUSION: This study reveals that Crataegus azarolus var. (usda.gov)
  • biosorption onto the novel biosorbent Crataegus azarolus stones (CAS). (usda.gov)
  • Genetic diversity and population structure in natural populations of Tunisian Azarole ( Crataegus azarolus L. var. (usda.gov)
  • Effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid combined to 6-Benzylaminopurine on callus induction, total phenolic and ascorbic acid production, and antioxidant activities in leaf tissue cultures of Crataegus azarolus L. var. (usda.gov)
  • Phenolic composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of extracts obtained from Crataegus azarolus L. var. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Crataegus pontica is a deciduous Tree. (pfaf.org)
  • Crataegus pinnatifida is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). (pfaf.org)
  • Crataegus pinnatifida major is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in). (pfaf.org)
  • Antioxidant activities of Crataegus monogyna extracts. (ac.ir)
  • One of the larger, growing crataegus, this plant can provide a beautiful show of flowers in the spring and colourful berries in the fall. (connonnurseries.com)
  • Crataegus mollis (Torr. (uwgb.edu)
  • The average first flowering date of Crataegus mollis on UWGB has been May 15 over the last 16 years (range from May 5 to May 30). (uwgb.edu)
  • magnesium potassium citrate, monocot hawthorn blossom extract (Crataegus monogyna flower extract) . (bio-farmacia.com)
  • Crataegus rhipidophylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is fruit-bearing tree native to Northern Asia, North America, and Europe. (tasmanhealth.co.nz)
  • With regards to the Health Benefits and therapeutic uses of the Crataegus (Hawthorn), in most of the herbal remedies, the ripe fruit and the flowers of the Crataegus are used. (ayurvedicmagazine.com)
  • Crataegus monogyna fruit aqueous extract as a protective agent against doxorubicin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats', Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine , 3(2), pp. 159-170. (ac.ir)
  • [ 47 ] It is therefore concluded that Crataegus extract WS 1442 has a very favorable safety profile even when administered as a part of a polydrug regimen. (medscape.com)
  • To examine whether hawthorn (Crataegus Special Extract WS 1442 {CSE}) inhibits progression in heart failure (HF) patients. (nih.gov)
  • Heart failure progression endpoints in the Crataegus Special Extract WS 1442 and placebo groups for the 120 patients in the HERB CHF trial. (nih.gov)
  • Kaplan-Meier plot of the effect of Crataegus Special Extract WS 1442 versus placebo on progression of heart failure in patients in the HERB CHF trial. (nih.gov)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Crataegus pinnatifida . (usda.gov)
  • Crataegus monogyna (C. monogyna) is one of the oldest medicinal plants that have been shown to be cytoprotective because of scavenging free radicals. (ac.ir)
  • The antioxidant activity of Crataegus monogyna extracts and flavonoids (chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, rutin, quercetin, vitexin-2O-rhamnoside, epicatechin, catechin, and procyanidin B2) quantitatively was determined using the method of spectrophotometry (diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH·) radical scavenging assay and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)(ABTS·+) radical cation decolorization assay). (mdpi.com)
  • Crataegus is known to be rich in flavonoids which are responsible for widening the arteries which increase the flow of oxygen into the heart. (ayurvedicmagazine.com)
  • Given the medicinal and ornamental properties of Hawthorn (Crataegus spp. (fao.org)
  • In fact, crataegus is one of the most recently introduced medicinal agents of plant origin. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Flora Europaea: Crataegus Bean, W. J. (1976). (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus (Hawthorn) is typically a member of the rose family and seen as large shrubs and trees. (ayurvedicmagazine.com)
  • It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Crataegus jejuna in version 1 of The Plant List . (theplantlist.org)
  • Spring flowers of Crataegus marshallii . (ufl.edu)
  • Fall foliage and ripened fruits of Crataegus marshallii . (ufl.edu)
  • Crataegus nitida , commonly called glossy hawthorn or shining hawthorn, is native to a small area of the Midwest consisting of southern Illinois south to western Tennessee and northeast Arkansas. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Crataegus caesa is native to Eastern N. America. (findmeacure.com)
  • Crataegus is Greek for "a kind of thorn. (ufl.edu)
  • Protective effect of extract of Crataegus pinnatifida pollen on DNA damage response to oxidative stress. (nextbio.com)