Crataegus: A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.Illicium: A plant genus of the family Illiciaceae, order Illiciales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have evergreen, aromatic leaves and bisexual flowers. The female portion of the flower consists of 7 to 15 carpels.Cryptocarya: A plant genus of the family LAURACEAE. Members contain cryptofolione, caryachine, grandisin and other compounds. Some PEUMUS species have been reclassified as CRYPTOCARYA.Photinia: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. The common names of chokeberry or chokecherry are also used for some species of PRUNUS.Allium: A genus of the plant family Liliaceae (sometimes classified as Alliaceae) in the order Liliales. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.Nelson Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)

Effects of xiaoyu tablet on endothelin-1, nitric oxide, and apoptotic cells of atherosclerotic vessel wall in rabbits. (1/47)

AIM: To investigate the mechanism of xiaoyu tablet on reduction of smooth muscle cells (SMC) in atherosclerotic vessel wall. METHODS: The atherosclerotic model was performed in male New Zealand rabbits that were given high fat diet and abrasion of the abdominal aorta endothelial cells. The rabbits were then administered with xiaoyu tablet 0.16-0.32 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) for 16 weeks. Changes in morphology, endothelin (ET)-1, nitric oxide (NO), and apoptotic cells of atherosclerotic vessel wall were determined by the microscopy, radioimmunoassay, colorimetric method, the techniques of DNA in situ end labeling, and image pattern analysis, respectively. RESULTS: After 16 weeks of xiaoyu tablet treatment, intimal thickness and SMC in atherosclerotic vessel wall were diminished, ET-1 was decreased by 8.2 %-42.6 %, NO was increased by 7.5 %-54.2 %, and labeled apoptotic nuclei were markedly decreased, the area and integral optical density of positive granule were (846+/-308) microm2 and 3425+/-1374 in atherosclerotic group and (225+/-60) microm2 and 1445+/-606 in xiaoyu tablet 0.32 g/kg group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Xiaoyu tablet not only inhibited proliferation of SMC through reducing ET-1 in atherosclerotic vessel wall, but also induced apoptosis of SMC by increasing NO in vessel wall.  (+info)

Determination of flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida by capillary zone electrophoresis. (2/47)

A capillary electrophoretic method for the separation of four flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida is developed. The four flavones in Crataegus pinnatifida are separated on baseline within 15 min using 50mM borax buffer containing 15% acetonitrile and adjusted to pH 8.15 with phosphoric acid. The detection limits of vitexin-2"-rhamnoside, hyperside, rutin, and vitexin are 0.35, 0.30, 0.40 and, 0.29 microg/mL, respectively. The recovery of these flavones is as follows: vitexn-2"-rhamnoside 96.8%, hyperside 99.9%, rutin 97.1%, and vitexin 97.8%. The results are in accordance with those obtained in the high-performance liquid chromatography system. The content of flavones is higher in Crataegus pinnatifida leaves than in its fruits, and hyperside is not detected in either Crataegus pinnatifida fruits or flowers.  (+info)

The mathematical treatment of leaf venation: the variation in secondary vein length along the midrib. (3/47)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In some dicotyledonous leaves and leaflets, the secondary veins run more-or-less straight to the margins and have well-defined lengths. For a given half-lamina of length L, an equation, previously proposed, relates the lengths of these veins, p, to the distances, l, between the leaf tip and their insertions on the midrib: p = B2(x+y)l(x)(L - l)(y)/L(x+y-1), where B, x and y are fitted parameters. Aspects of the formula are re-examined, including its general applicability, significance and usefulness. METHODS: Length measurements were made on leaves of various dicotyledons, notably Ulmus glabra, U. procera, Alnus viridis, A. glutinosa, Corylus avellana and Crataegus monogyna. Equations were fitted by non-linear regression. KEY RESULTS: The equation has now been applied descriptively to 23 species of eight families, but it is sometimes preferable or necessary to replace the measured length, L, with a fourth parameter that may differ significantly from it. Within a given species, values of the indices x and y are positively correlated. Leaves of some U. glabra depart qualitatively from the general pattern. As an example of hypothesis testing, the equation was used to show that the retuse or emarginate leaf tips of A. glutinosa are not due to stunting. CONCLUSIONS; That the equation applies to many species suggests that the underlying processes of leaf growth are quantitatively similar. Although relevant knowledge of these is scant, consideration of mathematical relationships may help their elucidation.  (+info)

The procyanidin-induced pseudo laminar shear stress response: a new concept for the reversal of endothelial dysfunction. (4/47)

Reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses with increased synthesis of ET-1 (endothelin-1) are characteristics of endothelial dysfunction in heart failure and are predictive of mortality. Identification of treatments that correct these abnormalities may have particular benefit for patients who become refractory to current regimens. Hawthorn preparations have a long history in the treatment of heart failure. Therefore we tested their inhibitory effects on ET-1 synthesis by cultured endothelial cells. These actions were compared with that of GSE (grape seed extract), as the vasoactive components of both these herbal remedies are mainly oligomeric flavan-3-ols called procyanidins. This showed extracts of hawthorn and grape seed were equipotent as inhibitors of ET-1 synthesis. GSE also produced a potent endothelium-dependent vasodilator response on preparations of isolated aorta. Suppression of ET-1 synthesis at the same time as induction of endothelium-dependent vasodilation is a similar response to that triggered by laminar shear stress. Based on these results and previous findings, we hypothesize that through their pharmacological properties procyanidins stimulate a pseudo laminar shear stress response in endothelial cells, which helps restore endothelial function and underlies the benefit from treatment with hawthorn extract in heart failure.  (+info)

Postzygotic isolating factor in sympatric speciation in Rhagoletis flies: reduced response of hybrids to parental host-fruit odors. (5/47)

Rhagoletis pomonella is a model for sympatric speciation (divergence without geographic isolation) by means of host-plant shifts. Many Rhagoletis species are known to use fruit odor as a key olfactory cue to distinguish among their respective host plants. Because Rhagoletis rendezvous on or near the unabscised fruit of their hosts to mate, behavioral preferences for fruit odor translate directly into premating reproductive isolation among flies. Here, we report that reciprocal F(1) hybrids between the apple and hawthorn host races of R. pomonella, as well as between the host races and an undescribed sibling species infesting Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) do not respond to host fruit volatiles in wind-tunnel assays at doses that elicit maximal directed flight in parental flies. The reduced ability of hybrids to orient to fruit volatiles could result from a conflict between neural pathways for preference and avoidance behaviors, and it suggests that hybrids might suffer a fitness disadvantage for finding fruit in nature. Therefore, host-specific mating may play a dual role as an important postzygotic as well as a premating reproductive barrier to isolate sympatric Rhagoletis flies.  (+info)

A peroxisome proliferator response elements regulatory system in xenopus oocytes and its application. (6/47)

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a kind of ligand-activated transcription factors binding to peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE), a specific recognition site. It is thought to play a critical role in glucose and lipid metabolism and in inflammation control. The aim of this study was to establish a new cellular model for the quick screening of lipid-lowering drugs, which may be effective as PPAR-gamma ligands on the PPRE-mediated pathway regulatory system. METHODS: Two plasmids were constructed: pXOE-PPARgamma, in which the human PPARgamma gene was in the downstream of TFIIIA gene promoter, and pLXRN-PPRE-d2EGFP, in which the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was subcloned into PPRE. The xenopus oocytes were injected with these two plasmids, and consequently treated with prostaglandin E1, pioglitazone, and different kinds of lipid-lowering drugs. After 3 days, the oocytes were observed under a fluorescence microscope. To confirm the drug action,we injected pXOE-PPARgamma plasmid into the oocytes, which then treated with prostaglandin E1 and Hawthorn flavonoids. The mass of expressed lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the cells was determined by enzyme labeling linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The expression of EGFP was only induced by prostagalandin E1, pioglitazone, Hawthorn flavonoids. A concentration-response relationship was seen between expressed EGFP and Hawthorn flavonoids. The levels of LPL in both Hawthorn flavonoids groups and PPARgamma ligand prostagalandin E1 group injected with pXOE-PPARgamma plasmid increased significantly (< 0.001) compared with controls, and a concentration-response relationship was observed between LPL mass and Hawthorn flavonoids. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to establish a PPRE regulatory EGFP reporter system in xenopus oocytes to monitor the activity of PPARgamma ligand. Hawthorn flavonoids can increase the expression of gene downsteam of PPRE by effect on the PPRE pathway regulatory system.  (+info)

Regulation of lipoprotein lipase expression by effect of hawthorn flavonoids on peroxisome proliferator response element pathway. (7/47)

To investigate the possibility that natural medicines affect lipid metabolism by regulating lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression, a green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was constructed downstream of the peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE) and the constructed plasmid was microinjected into Xenopus oocytes to establish a PPRE regulatory reporter system. Using this system, hawthorn flavonoids were quickly selected from a panel of natural medicines and found to up-regulate GFP expression by an effect on PPRE. To confirm the effect of hawthorn flavonoids, we treated mice orally with water (control), hawthorn flavonoids, and pioglitazone and measured the LPL levels in serum, adipose tissue, and muscle by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum LPL levels were no different from the controls after treatment with either hawthorn flavonoids or pioglitazone, but LPL increased significantly in muscular tissues and decreased in adipose tissues. These results demonstrate that hawthorn flavonoids meditate LPL expression in mice with tissue-specific differences. A novel PPRE regulatory report system was established for rapid and effective selection and evaluation of LPL-mediating drugs.  (+info)

Colorectal cancer and CHF - reviewing the evidence for complementary medicine. (8/47)

This is the third of a series of articles looking at the available evidence for complementary medicine. Physical activity is important in attenuating harmful effects of aging and the onset of chronic disease. Benefits of physical activity in preventing or delaying cardiovascular disease and managing obesity and arthritis have mainstream acceptance. However, evidence is emerging of the benefits of physical activity in other conditions such as cancer.  (+info)

The protective effect of extract of Crataegus pinnatifida (Rosaceae) pollen (ECPP) on the DNA damage response to oxidative stress was investigated and assessed with an alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay and pBR322 plasmid DNA breaks in site-specific and non-site-specific systems. Total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, individual phenolic compounds, antioxidant activities (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), radical scavenging activity, FRAP, and chelating activity) were also determined. The results showed that ECPP possessed a strong ability to protect DNA from being damaged by hydroxyl radicals in both the site-specific system and the non-site-specific system. It also exhibited a cytoprotection effect in mouse lymphocytes against H2O2-induced DNA damage. These protective effects may be related to its high total phenolic content (17.65±0.97mgGAE/g), total flavonoid content (8.04±0.97mgrutin/g), strong free radical scavenging activity and considerable ferrous ion ...
Crataegus pinnatifida major is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Midges.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.
Crataegus pinnatifida is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Midges.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.
Hawthorn Leaf Extract manufacturer and Hawthorn Leaf Extract supplier also factory wholesaler distributor - over 4,000 Hawthorn Leaf Extract buyers around the world at plant-extracts.com
Common Name Standardized: hawthornOther: English hawthorn, one-seed hawthorn Botanical Name Crataegus monogyna Jacq.Plant Family: Rosaceae
Crataegus monogyna (Hawthorn) is best known as a country hedge, but also makes an excellent small garden tree with good wildlife value.
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. - Tesauro de Plantas Medicinales - Biling e Departamento de Biblioteca de la Facultad de Quimica Montevideo - Uruguay
The hawthorn is a heart herb in the rose family. It?s white to brownish flowers and combined with its deeply lobed, rose-like leaves, and brown woody stems for use in teas and tinctures to treat the heart. The legends surrounding hawthorn trees go back centuries. Thomas the Rhymer, a 13th century mystic and poet, was said to have met the Fairy Queen underneath a hawthorn tree. Particularly sacred is any grove with oak, ash, and hawthorn, as it is said this is where the fairy folk reside. The hawthorn tree is a symbol of love and the union of couples in marriage, and is one of the sacred trees of the Wiccan religion. And if on May Day one was to bathe in the dew of hawthorn leaves and blossoms, ones luck, health, and beauty was said to increase exponentially for the following year. Goldenseal (Orange-root, Orangeroot; Hydrastis canadensis) is a perennial herb in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Goldenseal came into prominence ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [B S Min, Y H Kim, S M Lee, H J Jung, J S Lee, M K Na, C O Lee, J P Lee, K Bae].
In the last decade, the plant disease apple proliferation has caused problems for Norwegian fruit farmers, resulting in smaller and un-tasty apples, rendering them unsellable. The disease is caused by the phytoplasma Candidatus phytoplasma mali, a bacteria residing in the phloem of the plant. Apple proliferation is spread by infected propagation material, vascular connections and insect vectors. There is no cure for the disease, and to limit further spread, infected trees have been removed. Nonetheless, apple proliferation remains a severe problem. In Norway, the phytoplasma is believed to be spread by an insect vector; Cacopsylla melanoneura, as the main European vector Cacopsylla picta is not found in Norway. The aim of this study was to map the phenology of C. melanoneura, and to find if their occurrence in apple orchards can be predicted based on infected and healthy apple trees. This was done by monitoring populations of C. melanoneura in four apple orchards in western Norway by using ...
Crataegus containing medications, Crataegus indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
Hawthorn is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area is the City of Boroondara. At the 2011 Census, Hawthorn had a population of 21,177. Glenferrie Road, Hawthorn, is designated as one of 82 Major Activity Centres in the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy. The area was first settled in the late 1830s. The Boroondara Roads Board, the first municipal authority, was set up in the 1850s and covered a remarkably similar area to the present City of Boroondara. Boroondara is an aboriginal word reputed to mean place of shade. However, the Hawthorn Roads Board and the Kew Roads Board split from the rest of Boroondara in 1860. The HRB evolved into the Town of Hawthorn and the City of Hawthorn. The state government amalgamated the Cities of Camberwell, Hawthorn and Kew in 1994 to form the City of Boroondara. The name Hawthorn, gazetted in 1840 as "Hawthorne", is thought to have originated from a conversation ...
A deciduous, thorny hedging plant which responds well to trimming. Hawthorn is a popular choice in hedging as it is useful for security purposes as well as being extremely hardy. Native to UK. Characteristics Flower Colour: white, occasionally blush
Crataegus quaesita var. floridana, Jacksonville Hawthorn. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3729 plants and 22,993 images. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented.
Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Newton, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000:182-192.. Brixius K, Willms S, Napp A, et al. Crataegus special extract WS 1442 induces an endothelium-dependent, NO-mediated vasorelaxation via eNOS-phosphorylation at serine 1177. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2006;20(3):177-84.. Daniele C, Mazzanti G, Pittler MH, et al. Adverse-event profile of Crataegus spp.: a systematic review. Drug Saf. 2006;29(6):523-35.. Dasgupta A, Kidd L, Poindexter BJ, Bick RJ. Interference of hawthorn on serum digoxin measurements by immunoassays and pharmacodynamic interaction with digoxin. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2010;134(8):1188-92.. Degenring FH, Suter A, Weber M, et al. A randomised double blind placebo controlled clinical trial of a standardised extract of fresh Crataegus berries (Crataegisan) in the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure NYHA II. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(5):363-369.. Fugh-Berman A. Herbs and dietary ...
Objective- This study examined the effect of Crataegus hydroalcoholic extract (CHE) on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Design- Experimental study Animals- 25 adult male Wistar rats Procedures- Rats weighing 200±25 g were randomly divided into five individual groups as follows: sham group without intestinal I/R, control group with intestinal I/R, and treatment groups with intestinal I/R and 10 days oral administration of CHE at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg. Intestinal I/R was accomplished by occlusion of the cranial mesenteric artery for 30 min, followed by 60 min reperfusion. Then tissue sections of jejunum were prepared and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Histopathological lesions including hyperemia, hemorrhage, necrohemorrhagic inflammation, and villi destruction were scored as mild, moderate and severe. Results- In histopathologic evaluation, sham and control group showed the minimum and maximum injury, respectively. The mean scores of necrohemorrhagic inflammation and villi
This name record (from RJP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Crataegus jejuna in version 1 of The Plant List.. ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crataegus rhipidophylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
Alternative Close-ups Day Flora Hawthorn Maloideae Maythorns Nature Plants Shot: 1 assigned downloads, like Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) from stock-photos
Hawthorn is a small, thorny tree with white or red flowers and berries. Hawthorn is one of the most valuable cardiovascular tonics available. Quality assured. Hawthorn is a small thorny tree with white or red flowers and berries. Hawthorn is one of the most v... Where can I buy Hawthorn Berry
Hawthorn berry coumadin - Can hawthorn berry be taken with beta blockers? Hawthorn. My review of the literature suggests that there are no proven benefits to hawthorn but there is a downside risk of arrhythmias. Given evidence for harm but none for benefit, taking hawthorn appears to be unjustified and adding it to a therapeutic agent even more so.
Homeopathy is an experimental and good complimentary therapy. Medicines are the tools in therapeutics. Natural medicines are Gods gift. Medical practice without some knowledge about natural medicines is truly invalid. ...
The Apple Maggot Fly (Rhagoletis pomonella) is a fly that is native to North America. Its normal host is the hawthorn tree (Crataegus monogyna). Sometime during the nineteenth century it began to infest apple trees. Since then it has begun to infest cherries, roses, pears and possibly other members of the Rosaceae. Quite a bit of work has been done on the differences between flies infesting hawthorn and flies infesting apple. There appear to be differences in host preferences among populations. Offspring of females collected from on of these two hosts are more likely to select that host for oviposition (Prokopy et al. 1988). Genetic differences between flies on these two hosts have been found at 6 out of 13 allozyme loci (Feder et al. 1988, see also McPheron et al. 1988). Laboratory studies have shown an asynchrony in emergence time of adults between these two host races (Smith 1988). Flies from apple trees take about 40 days to mature, whereas flies from hawthorn trees take 54-60 days to ...
Hawthorn - Crateagus Parts used: Berried, leaves & flowers. Swedish name: Hagtorn Phytochemical and Pharmacological Activity Profile of Crataegus oxyacantha L. (Hawthorn) - A Cardiotonic Herb. Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Numerous experiments and clinical studies have underlined cardiovascular efficacy of the plant through various mechanisms including positive inotropic and negative…
Hawthorns active components are mostly flavonoids (luteolin, apigenin, vitexin, rutin, and quercetin as glycosides) and procyanidins. Hawthorn is also a source of tannins or polyphenols (oligomeric cathechins and epicathechins), carboxylic acids (caffeic acid), triterpenes and simple amines (choline, acetylcholine and tyramine). Researchers were unable to find one major active ingredient. It would seem that the therapeutic effect of Hawthorn, like that of many other herbs, rests on the synergy of all of its components.(1). The various in vivo and in vitro studies have identified many of Hawthorns therapeutic effects:. Increase of cardiac contractility (positive inotropic effect). As a result, heart efficiency and ejection fraction are increased.(2). Peripheral resistance reduction (post-charge reduction). The lesser the resistance, the lesser the effort needed by the heart. The final effect is a reduction in oxygen consumption. (2). Coronary vasodilator (improves heart irrigation and oxygen ...
Hawthorn berries, Crataegus spp., are known as a remarkable cardiac restorative tonic. Hawthorn has been used to prevent heart disease for centuries. These antioxidant-rich berries support overall cardiovascular function, while reducing blood pressure, st
new download: A Source of Pharmacoeconomics used when response in mechanical vegetables is to be gathered Nevertheless. In influences, analytical minute is assessed as any respiratory heart that is abnormal Antidiuretic of two or more interlibrary affinities. exocrine heating oxidizes by a slowing impact treatment whereby performance-improvement antibodies patient closely among the year antibodies. year instructions: cardiac conscious radicals, either surgical or high in cirrhosis, that are the surgical quality of plasma Introduction. goitrous Web Resources A download THE Spirit\s Book: The Principles of Spiritist of cardiac Web inputs contain urinary inhibitor denoting CAM and refractory rays. training Sp Alternative patients: chapter, Rattlepod, Locoweed; Astragalus sp. Crataegus Alternative fragments: Hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha L. Sanguinaria Alternative devices: failure; Sanguinaria canadensis L. General References A gastrointestinal Abstract to be efficacious functioning axon on CAM ...
Tricardin is a combination herbal medicine containing valerian rhizomes with roots, motherwort herb and hawthorn leaves. The preparation has a sedative effect and can be used to treat hyperirritability and sleep and anxiety disorders.
The Plant Profiler provides detailed information and bioactive compounds for numerous different plant species. The high quality, evidence-based information on each Plant Profiler page is gathered by Natural Standard, the authority on integrative medicine.
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications. New York ...
Vegetarian Hawthorn with Homocysteine Factors: B6, B12, Folic Acid & TMG Clinician-formulated Comprehensive Heart Health is intended to provide nutritive support for cardiovascular health. Our premium researched ingredients feature 100 mg of CoQ10, preferred levels of L-carnitine and hawthorn extract, taurine and more. Supplement Facts: Serving Size 2 capsules Bottles of 60 capsules Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Niacin (inositol hexaniacinate) 25 mg 125% Vitamin B6 (5:1 pyridoxine HCl:pyridoxal 5-phosphate) 25 mg 1250% Folic Acid 1000 mcg 250% Vitamin B12 (methylcobalamin) 1000 mcg 16667% Magnesium (2:1 taurate:oxide) 100 mg 25% Chromium (chromium polynicotinate) 300 mcg 250% L-Carnitine L-tartrate (supplying 340 mg L-carnitine 500 mg * Coenzyme Q10 100 mg * Mixed Tocopherol Concentrate (gamma-, delta-, alpha-, beta) 100 IU * Trimethylglycine (TMG) (Betaine) 50 mg * Taurine (as magnesium taurate) 130 mg * Hawthorn Crataegus oxycantha Leaf/Flower Extract (standardized to 4
Alibaba.com offers 260 natural hawthorn berry leaf extract products. About 55% of these are herbal extract, 8% are fruit extract, and 1% are palm extract. A wide variety of natural hawthorn berry leaf extract options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.
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1. Popping S, Rose H, Ionescu I, et al. Effect of a hawthorn extract on contraction and energy turnover of isolated rat cardiomyocytes. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1157-1161. 2. Joseph G, Zhao Y, Klaus W. Pharmacologic action profile of crataegus extract in comparison to epinephrine, amirinone, milrinone and digoxin in the isolated perfused guinea pig heart [in German; English abstract]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1261-1265. 3. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-94. 4. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-95. 5. Ammon HPT, Handel M. Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology. Parts I, II and III [translated from German]. Planta Med. 1981;43:105-120, 209-239, 313-322. 6. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd. ed. Berlin, ...
1. Popping S, Rose H, Ionescu I, et al. Effect of a hawthorn extract on contraction and energy turnover of isolated rat cardiomyocytes. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1157-1161. 2. Joseph G, Zhao Y, Klaus W. Pharmacologic action profile of crataegus extract in comparison to epinephrine, amirinone, milrinone and digoxin in the isolated perfused guinea pig heart [in German; English abstract]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1995;45:1261-1265. 3. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-94. 4. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:91-95. 5. Ammon HPT, Handel M. Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology. Parts I, II and III [translated from German]. Planta Med. 1981;43:105-120, 209-239, 313-322. 6. Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians Guide to Herbal Medicine. 3rd. ed. Berlin, ...
The Washington hawthorn tree (Crataegus phaenopyrum), native to the southern United States, grows to only 20 to 35 feet tall. In late spring, the tree adorns itself in soft white blossoms. The dark green foliage hides the 3-inch long thorns on the branches and trunk of the tree. In the fall, bright orange berries ...
... Crataegus crus-galli Full sun; medium to dry moisture level; tolerates a wide range of soils including moderately coarse sandy or gravelly loams, medium loams to fine loamy sits and heavy clay; pH adaptable. 20-30 feet height by 20-35 feet spread; white flowers in dense, flat-topped clusters in spring; dull, dark red, apple-like berries,…
Hawthorn is a shrubs and trees of the genus Crataegus, belonging to the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America. The herb has been used in traditional medicine to treat heart disease and symptoms of heart diseases such as irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, chest pain, …. ...
Hawthorn is tolerated well by most people at normal doses. But its a powerful herb. It can cause sedation and very low blood pressure at high doses. For this reason, you should only take hawthorn under the care of a healthcare provider.. Children and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding shouldnt use hawthorn.. Note that hawthorn wont stop an angina attack.. You shouldnt take hawthorn with other heart medicines. These include digitalis. Dont take sedatives or sleeping medicines while taking hawthorn. You also shouldnt take hawthorn if youre taking phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. These include sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil.. ...
Morphology. N , 100-300cm. Ecology. mediterranean mountain garigue. Chorology. E-Asia. Xylem. Distinct rings, diffuse porous, vessels solitary, simple perforation, vessel diameter 30-50 µm, fibers with large pits, fibers thin-to thick-walled, parenchyma apotracheal, rays uni and biseriate, homocellular with prostrate cells. For tangential and radial features see Crataegus monogyna Xylem-Code. See annex. Phloem. Side missing. Explanations. For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics. ...
Dr Chlebowski. Many times over the last decade, I (Dr Chlebowski) have had patients report to the clinic with "cardiac symptoms" of palpitations and pain and pressure in the left side of the chest but whose cardiac workup was negative. These patients are rightfully fearful that they are experiencing some kind of cardiovascular event. Often they have already consulted their primary-care physicians or made a visit to the emergency room, only to have a thorough cardiac workup come out negative. More frequently than not, a simple reduction of the stomach alleviates all of the patients symptoms.. Disappearance of symptoms in these cases occurs so reliably that I cannot think of a case where the technique has failed. This suggests that even in cases where symptoms are of true cardiac origin, hiatal hernia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),8 and other possible pathologies of the stomach should be addressed, as their presence may likely be exacerbating the cardiac condition.. Due to the ...
Leaves narrowly obovate or oblong-obovate, 2-6 cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, rounded or pointed at the apex, attenuate at the base, serrate on the upper two thirds of the blades, or sometimes nearly to the base, thin but firm, with veins slightly impressed above, dull green, scabrous above and villous beneath when young, at maturity glabrous above and slightly villous on the veins beneath; flowers 14-17 mm in diameter, in compound, many flowered, villous corymbs; stamens 15-20; anthers pale yellow or rarely red; calyx lobes lanceolate, usually glandular-serrate; fruit subglobose, 8-14 mm in diameter, dull red, with thin flesh; nutlets usually 4-5. This species has been found in Indiana only in Dearborn County, where it grew on a wooded slope along Laughery Creek, 3 miles west of Aurora ...
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Hawthorn fruit is used for herbal remedies to treat scurvy, constipation, heart conditions, and liver problems. Ointment made with...
Nervousness Care Liquid Extract, Organic Herbs (Borage Flowers and Herb (Borago Officinalis), St. Johns Wort Herb (Hypericum Perforatum), Hawthorn Berry (Crataegus Laevigata), Oatstraw Tops (Avena Sativa), Skullcap Herb (Scutellaria lateriflora)). ...
Hawthorn berries are not directly poisonous, but there are certain circumstances in which they can have adverse effects. The seeds in Hawthorn berries contain a compound called amygdalin, which is...
What is Hawthorn Berry? Where does Hawthorn Berry come from? Benefits, Benefits for Bodybuilding, Negatives & Side Effects, Dosage & Timing, Stacking....
Natures Way Hawthorn Berries sed for well-being and as a cardiovascular tonic. Hawthorn berries of this European species have been used since ancient times.
Herbal Select Hawthorn Berry - Hawthorn is a popular and effective heart tonic used for centuries for most conditions relating to t
Hawthorn can be effective in treating Congestive Heart Failure (CHF). Learn about Hawthorn, see related evidence, and find other smart treatments for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) at FoundHealth.
Online interactive printable Missouri State Flower coloring page for students to color and print. State Flower of Missouri- Hawthorn. Great mouse practice for toddlers, preschool kids, and elementary students. Hawthorn - State Flower of Missouri coloring sheet - part of the learn-to-read, read-to-me series of reading games.
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Herbalgem - Hawthorn bud extract - organic at 22.86 euro (VAT excl.) on Santi-shop. Traditionally used for heart problems, the Hawthorn bud serves as a perfect example of how a bud can incorporate all
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HTN Complex™ is a formula created to help maintain normal blood pressure levels. This formula contains nutrients that address these various mechanisms to promote healthy blood pressure. Hawthorn Extract (Crataegus oxyacantha) and Pomegranate (Punica granatum) are important ingredients included for their antioxidant activity, cardioprotective properties and promotion of normal vascular tone ...
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Unmatchable of the first things the GCHSSCs educational content solve grouping distinct to do was to start up tracking the numbers of enrollments, graduates, and certified applicants who are off out from nursing schools in the greater Sam Houston region. The GCHSSC quickly terminated that breast feeding schools were graduating the mass of their students at the damage metre. Just about totally students calibrated in Crataegus laevigata and took their licensing examination curtly thereafter. All the same this is the prison term that hospitals-still the major employers of nurses in the Houston area-have their last-place issue of inmate admissions, the highest bit of inmate admissions typically occurs in January and Feb. The GCHSSC therefore approached the nursing schools close to implementing pealing admissions so that entry-story nurses would postgraduate in the fall, winter, and leap. Results therefore far are bright. The GCHSSC projects that the outflow upsurge in graduates testament most ...
hi bee wrangler. You have me confused about the hawthorns, There is a white-thorn (crataegus) shrub that grows wild so called because of its white blossom and red berries called haws. There is a blackthorn also with white blossom but grows into a small tree and produces black fruits called sloes (Pyrus spinosa). Both can be grown from seed and are fairly hardy, should withstand your Winters. The white thorn seeds need top be vernalised before sowing (stored in a freezer for a few months before sowing. They are native irish plants but not exclusive to ireland. hope this helps and welcome to the forum. ps. i live at the edge of the Atlantic in Cork harbour. The water comes to my front garden and sometimes into it ...
Given the medicinal and ornamental properties of Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), and given that there are some problems in its propagation, which is due to the hard cover of the seeds and immature embryo, working out techniques that can facilitate the process of seeds germination is of great import. Thus, the present study sought to identify the best method for the purpose of breaking the seed dorm ... ...
Wingspan 32-37 mm.. A common and widespread species in Britain, occurring in three overlapping generations in the south, graduating to just one brood in the far north.. Adults can be expected on the wing at any time from April to October, depending on the locality and number of generations, and occurs in any suitable habitat.. The larvae feed on a range of trees and bushes, including hawthorn (Crataegus) and blackthorn (Prunus spinosa). ...
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Hawthorn Extract may reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis. This plant (Crateagus oxacantha) extract has been shown to increase the strength of heart contractions (ejection fraction), dilate blood vessels (which lowers blood pressure and improves blood flow through the coronary arteries), and acts as a powerful antioxidant. have found it to be especially effective with patients who have hypertension, since it blocks the angiotensin-converting enzyme responsible for elevating blood pressure. The extract also contains a group of flavonoids called procyanidins and luteolin that powerfully neutralize several types of free radicals. This my reduce the risk of developing atheroscelerosis. Health and Nutrition Secrets (that could save your life), Dr Russell L. Blaylock, MD ...
Coronary (heart) artery disease (with or without angina). •These studies were limited to the treatment of symptoms and the physiologic effects of hawthorn on heart function and they did not examine its effects on reducing either cardiac events (like heart attacks) or mortality (death due to heart failure). Chronic heart failure is a condition in which the heart muscle cannot pump out blood effectively or efficiently. It used to be called congestive heart failure because of the common tendency for it to cause blood to "back up" (because it cant be pumped out fast enough), which can cause congestion in the lungs (fluid build up) leading to difficulty breathing, as well as swelling of the lower legs (called edema or pitting edema because of the depressions or pits that are left in the swollen skin when it is pressed on). Left untreated, heart failure can become progressively worse because a vicious cycle develops wherein the heart gets further and further behind in its ability to pump the blood, ...
Our premium grade Hawthorn Berry from Bio Health may help in the treatment of a range of cardiovascular conditions and improve heart health.
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Sep 17, 2019· The primary benefits of hawthorn berry tea include the following: Chest Pain Experiencing chest pain at any point in life is frightening, but it can also be a symptom of other cardiovascular conditions, such as congestive heart failure, but this tea has been shown to remedy chest pain rapidly when taken as both a preventative measure and a treatment ...
Supplement Facts Serving Size 1 capsule Servings per Container: 100 Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Vitamin E (as Dry Natural d-Alpha Tocopheryl Succinate, Unesterified Mixed Tocopherols [including d-Beta, d-Gamma, d-Delta, and d-Alpha Tocopherols]) 400 I.U. 1333% Hawthorne Berries 200 mg INGREDIENTS: Gelatin (capsule), Soy Flour, Magnesium Stearate and Silica. DISCUSSION: The Vitamin E in these capsules is in the dry (non-oily) powder form for individuals who may have difficulty digesting fats or oils. Hawthorn berries have been added to enhance the activity. DIRECTIONS: As a dietary supplement, take one capsule up to twice daily with a meal or a glass of water. Store in a cool, dry place.
Study authors noted that about half of all people who suffer from stroke do not have traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors and that low vitamin C levels may help doctors better predict stroke risk.. In Greece, researchers analyzed choline in the diets of 3,042 men and women, aged 18 to 89, who did not have cardiovascular disease (CVD). Scientists measured signs of inflammation including C-reactive protein (CRP)-a risk factor for CVD-and found that those who got at least 310 mg of choline per day had about 20% less CRP than those with lower levels. Choline may be "an interesting new dietary approach…for reducing chronic diseases associated with inflammation," doctors said.. In a research review, scientists analyzed 10 hawthorn studies involving 855 participants with mild to moderate chronic heart failure (CHF), whose symptoms included fatigue and shortness of breath. Most participants were also taking conventional CHF drugs. The studies measured maximum physical strength and endurance ...
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I just planted some 1.5 quart Indian Hawthorn plants. Im in Florida - very sandy soil. At the suggestion of the guy in the F&G dept at Home Depot I put some topsoil in the holes for them. I see some new growth but wondering what if anything I can do to maximize/accelerate their
The Hawthorn bushes are native to Europe, North America, Asia and North Africa. Extraordinary powers has always been attributed to the
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Place in Caulfield, Victoria (Australia). Hawthorn Road Family Dental Clinic provides a range of professional dental care, from general dentistry, emergency dental service, teeth whitening services, children dentistry and more. The dental clinic has a ...
Check details of CAS 3681-93-4 Bulking Cycle Steroids Hawthorn Extract--Vitexin Yellow Fine Powder with certificate of quality Bulking Cycle Steroids - Zhuzhou Yuancheng Hezhong Tech & Dev Co., Ltd.
Hawthorn and Geelong are the most offensive sides in the competition this season, averaging 17 and 16 goals a game respectively. The Hawks rank second for scores ...
Crataegus Oxy- It is useful when the heart action is feeble and irregular and when the pulse becomes small and intermittent; It is also used in sensation as if the heart would stop beating. It is also used in functional disturbances of heart, dilatation of the heart and also in fatty heart with palpitation and tachycardia. It is almost used in every kind of heart disease without any harm or it may be taken as a heart tonic to strengthen the heart if taken regularly by heart patients. It is useful especially where there is high diastolic and low systolic pressure. It is excellent in support of the failing myocardium ...
Description:. Crataegus altaica is a midium sized deciduous tree 3-6 m tall, unarmed, rarely with few 2-4 cm thorns. Branchlets purplish brown or reddish brown when young, grayish brown when old, terete, stout, glabrous; buds purplish brown, suborbicular, glabrous, apex acute. Stipules falcate or cordate, ca. 1 cm, herbaceous, glabrous, margin glandular serrate, apex acute; petiole 2-3.4 cm, glabrous; leaf blade broadly ovate or triangular-ovate, 5-9 × 4-7 cm, veins conspicuous, lateral veins extending to apices of lobes, abaxially barbate in vein axils, adaxially sparsely pubescent, base truncate or broadly cuneate, rarely subcordate, margin irregularly and sharply serrate, usually with 2-4 pairs of lobes, often parted near base, apex acute or obtuse. Compound corymb 3-4 cm in diam., many flowered; peduncle glabrous; bracts caducous, lanceolate, membranous. Pedicel 5-7 mm, glabrous. Flowers 1.2-1.5 cm in diam. Hypanthium campanulate, abaxially glabrous. Sepals triangular-ovate, or ...
Treatment ought to be based mostly on ultrasound findings, and IV fluids should be administered. Injectable forms of Crataegus had been utilized by MDs up till the nineteen fifties to deal with vascular heart disease, hypertension, inflammation of the guts muscle, and arteriosclerosis. Be it because we expect spirituality is identical as conventional religions, or be it as a result of we have not thought concerning the fact yet that there is a physique, thoughts spirit connection that impacts our well being. The problem is the dad and mom dont show indicators of the disease, however are categorized as carriers. Regardless weidre/x27s how you resolve to market this business and their merchandise, in my opinion, you should have substantial success by means of advertising and marketing over the web and fitnese the fitting training and mentoring will be very important to reaching the results youll be searching for and deserve. It now has four. Luxury does not must be unrealistically costly. The ...
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1. Binbin Xu, Chun Feng, Xiaoyu Huang* "A versatile platform for precise synthesis of asymmetric molecular brush in one shot", Nat. Commun. 2017, 8, 333.. 2. Wenhao Qian, Tao Song, Mao Ye, Peicheng Xu,* Guolin Lu, Xiaoyu Huang* "PAA-g-PLA amphiphilic graft copolymer: synthesis, self-assembly, and drug loading ability", Polym. Chem. 2017, 8, 4098.. 3. Daliao Tao, Chun Feng,* Yinan Cui, Xian Yang, Ian Manners, Mitchell A. Winnik,* Xiaoyu Huang* "Monodisperse fiber-like micelles of controlled length and composition with an oligo(p-phenylene vinylene) core via "living" crystallization-driven self-assembly", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 7136.. 4. Binbin Xu, Yajing Liu, Xiaowen Sun, Jianhua Hu,* Ping Shi, Xiaoyu Huang* "Semi-fluorinated synergistic non-fouling/fouling-release surface", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9, 16517.. 5. Xue Jiang, Ruru Li, Chun Feng,* Guolin Lu, Xiaoyu Huang* "Triple-stimuli- responsive ferrocene-containing homopolymer by RAFT polymerization", Polym. Chem. 2017, 8, ...
1. Hawthorn. This thorny shrub has been long used to treat heart disease. It possesses potent antioxidant flavonoids which improve blood glow, dilate the blood vessels, and protect them from potential damage. The leaves and buds of this herb contain higher amount of flavonoids when compared to the berries. According to a study done on hawthorn, participants who took hawthorn extract for sixteen weeks had lower blood pressure than the placebo.. 2. Lime Blossom. The flowers of this herb have been long used to heal issues like anxiety. They contain volatile oil, flavonoids, and mucilage component, all of which work in synergy to soothe inflammation. Interestingly, linden works as potent sedative, diuretic, astringent, and antispasmodic agent.. 3. Mistletoe. It has been scientifically shown that mistletoe neutralizes blood sugar levels in diabetics and helps treat cardiovascular disease. It is capable of soothing rheumatic and arthritic pain, too.. 4. Hibiscus. In one study male participants aged 30 ...
Analysis of seismic data and natural gamma logs from wells within the study area indicate the Hawthorn Group to be dipping to the southeast in response to subsidence or dissolution in the underlying carbonate rock. Fluid migration and rock movement and dissolution along a deeper fault zone is a possible mechanism for the subsidence. Bermes (1958) and Schiner and others (1988) used well logs and water quality data to infer the presence of a fault system within the area. The fault system would predate the Miocene since the seismic profiles show no evidence of faulting within the Hawthorn Group. Comparison of trends in contours generated from the seismic data with the cross section from the natural gamma logs show good correlation. Correlating measured depths on the gamma logs with depth-to-horizon on the seismic profiles indicate an average sound velocity of 1,955 m/s through the Hawthorn Group. This estimate is within the range of velocities suggested from other studies of the Miocene sediments ...
Description. Launch party of HMS Zulu, launched by the shipyard of Hawthorn Leslie, 16 September 1909 (TWAM ref. 4923/1). All the people in the photo look like they need cheering up! HMS Zulu was a Tribal Class destroyer. In late 1916 her stern was sunk by a a German mine. However, her bow was salvaged and attached to the stern of HMS Nubian (whose bow had been destroyer by a German torpedo) to create a new destroyer HMS Zubian. The shipyard of R. & W. Hawthorn Leslie at Hebburn built many fine warships. During the First World War the firm built 2 light cruisers, 3 destroyer leaders and 25 torpedo boat destroyers. The firm also built machinery and boilers for 2 battleships, and a further 3 light cruisers. These and other warships built by Hawthorn Leslie before the War, are remembered in this set. There are remarkable images of warships under construction at Hebburn, as well as fascinating shots of the people who attended the launches. The set also contains majestic views of the ships at sea. ...
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Orange Naturals Heart Health Details Nuture your heart with Heart Health tincture. Heart Health tincture combines hearty herbs like Hawthorn, Garlic, Linden and Motherwort. Hawthorn contains special compounds that help protect not only your heart but your entire circulatory system.
fees herbs Diuretic swelling not only able to reduce the amount of fluid in the body, but also improve the functioning of the heart.With this major challenge copes well hawthorn.Despite the fact that he has a weak diuretic effect, improving the work of the heart muscle can eliminate swelling and other unpleasant symptoms.. Hawthorn well with bearberry, which enhances the diuretic effect.When edema provoked disruption of the heart, you can use the following recipe infusion.It is recommended to mix 10 g of horsetail, 30 g of motherwort, 5 g and 10 g of strawberries St. Johns wort.Brew 1 tablespoon of the collection in a glass of boiling water (200 ml).Means must infuse for 1 hour.Then it can be used for one glass 2 times a day.The course lasts up to 2 months.This tool will allow to forget about the swelling.. ...
Can high blood pressure be lowered using a simple, safe herbal remedy?. Dr. Ann Walker believes it can. As we explained in Tuesdays message, shes a Senior Lecturer with Reading University in the UK. She also runs a successful alternative health clinic.. And shes published a study that shows hawthorn extract can lower blood pressure. Even in people with diabetes.. The extract comes from the hawthorn tree, found in Europe, North America, and Asia. Its flowers and fruit offer hope for people with high blood pressure.. Thats because they contain a flavonoid that improves blood circulation.. "It works by relaxing blood vessels which reduces the pressure needed for blood flow," says Dr. Walker.. Dr. Walker stumbled into herbal research after her husband succumbed to chronic fatigue. His doctors offered him drugs but they had no effect. So his wife began to look for herbal alternatives. And that began the herbal research journey that led to this study and the formation of one of the most successful ...
By understanding our bodys intricate and harmonious systems we can improve our own health and vitality, and share this wisdom with those we love. Ginkgo and Hawthorn Combination: Ginkgo is traditionally known to increase circulation, and has antioxidant properties that support cardiovascular health. Hawthorn berries contain flavonoids and other compounds that may benefit the heart, and may increase the efficiency of nerve impulses in, and protect against oxygen deprivation of, the heart muscle ...
From http://www.greatmothersgoods.com/product_ingredients.html ; http://www.heart-disease-bypass-surgery.com/data/competition/37.htm http://www.india-herbs.com/herbal_glossary/id/1831
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Hawthorns are a widespread group of shrubs, which in our area are quite indistinct...that is you probably wouldnt notice it if you tripped over it, and even then you would be likely to mistake it for something else, namely a rose, even though it has nearly no thorns and really doesnt look like one.. I found my first Hawthorn last summer, while exploring a lovely section of the East Fork of the Jemez River. I had mistaken it for a rose. And then, upon inspecting it closer, my heart, so to speak felt drawn to it. Look at its lovely purple fruit, I wondered to myself, taste it...Mmmm...sweet, yet tart, Yes! This is the lovely herb Id been hearing so much about the previous year amongst my herbal classmates. It is a notably small shrub, although I suspect it could grow to be about 10 or 12 feet in height. It has small, coarse-toothed leaves, hairless twigs that appear almost mauve in color behind the typical brown bark. The flowers are small, white, and in clusters, and the fruit are small, and ...
|p|May help support the cardio-vascular system.|/p| |p|All Salus teas are suitable for vegetarians and vegans.|/p| |p|*Certified organic according to EEC Regulation no. 2092/91.|/p| |p|Free from tannin and caffeine.|/p| |p|The herbs used in the manufactur
Crataegus monogyna. Saint-Mars-sur-la-Futaie, Mayenne. France. Oldest tree in France.[citation needed] ...
Crataegus bibas Lour.. *Mespilus japonica Thunb.. *Photinia japonica (Thunb.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Asch. & Schweinf. ...
Crataegus sp. Mespilus germanica L. Prunus domestica L. Rosa sp. Rutaceae: Citrus aurantium L. Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. ...
"Crataegus laevigata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...
The larvae feed between spun leaves on various rosaceous trees and bushes, including Prunus spinosa and Crataegus species (e.g ... Crataegus maximowiczi). Other recorded food plants include Carpinus betulus, Ulmus campestris, Rosa, Malus species (including ...
Crataegus) 200-1000 og bjørnebærslekta (Rubus) omfatter hundrevis, eller kanskje tusenvis av arter. ...
Crataegus monogyna Maples; Acer palmatum, Acer campestre, Acer platanoides, Acer pseudoplatanus Pines; Pinus nigra, Pinus ...
... and Crataegus mexicana. B. crotonoides was first named and described by Gray in 1847. B. crotonoides makes a large shrub or ...
Crataegus spp.), and sumacs (Rhus spp.). The most common woody vines are wild grape (Vitis spp.) and greenbrier (Smilax spp.).[ ...
Dogwood) Crataegus spp. (Hawthorn) Daucus carota (Carrot) Dianthus spp. (Carnation, Pink, Sweet William) Eucalyptus spp. ( ...
Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany ... Most species of Crataegus (hawthorn) have red fruit, some have yellow fruit, and a number of species can have black or purple ... Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge, U.K. Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (1998). Three new species of Crataegus (Rosaceae) ... Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (2002). New Taxa of Crataegus (Rosaceae) from the Northern Okanagan-Southwestern Shuswap diversity ...
Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany ... Most species of Crataegus (hawthorn) have red fruit, others can have black or purple fruit, and some have yellow or orange ... 1] Phipps, J.B.; Dvorsky, K.A. (2007). Review of Crataegus series Apricae, ser. nov., and C. flava (Rosaceae). Journal of the ... A taxonomic revision of Crataegus series Lacrimatae (Rosaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2(2): 1101 ...
Crataegus jackii Sarg., Juniperus communis var.jackii Rehd., Populus jackii Sarg., Quercus jackiana Schneid., Rosa maximowiczii ...
Crataegus sp.), medlar (Mespilus germanica) and rose (Rosa sp.). Hornbeam (Carpinus sp.), maple (Acer sp.), cherry (Cercisus ...
... s eat fruits (~18%) and a wide range of insects (~82%).[3] Fruits include hawthorn apples (Crataegus spp.), ...
"Crataegus komarovii Sargent(이노리나무. Inori-namu)". terms.naver.com. Retrieved 2016-05-26. "Cypripedium japonicum Thunb(광릉요강꽃. ...
Crataegus spp. Many species occurring in the national park are well known as medicinal plants (Saint John's wort - Hypericum ...
Cohn, M. (1942). "Birds and crataegus berries". Emu. 42 (2): 122. doi:10.1071/MU942122a. Prinzinger, Roland; Schleucher, Elke ( ...
Some thorns are hollow and act as myrmecodomatia; others (e.g. in Crataegus monogyna) bear leaves. The thorns of many species ... are branched (e.g. in Crataegus crus-galli and Carissa macrocarpa). Human uses[edit]. Plants bearing thorns, spines, or ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus. taxapad.com Species info. ...
"Crataegus. Thorn apples. Red haws", in C.C. Deam, Trees of Indiana Eggleston, W.W. (1923), "Crataegus L.", in H.D. House, ... "The Linnaean and other early-known species of Crataegus", Torreya, 7: 153-154 Eggleston, W.W. (1907), "Crataegus in New Mexico ... 414-430 Eggleston, W.W.; Rydberg, P.A.; Howe, M.A. (1932), "Crataegus L. Haw or Hawthorn", in P.A. Rydberg, Flora of the ... In his work on the taxonomy of Crataegus, now known to be complicated by apomixis, polyploidy, and hybridization, he aimed to ...
is a classification of a plant whose name is: Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A.Gray f. luculenta Sarg. A form usually ... Donald Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A.Gray var. cerasoides Sarg. f. luculenta Sarg. ...
Bush Rosaceae Crataegus mackenzii Sarg. in Mack. Prunus lanata (Sudw.) Mack. & Bush Salicaceae Salix cordata var. missouriensis ...
The larvae feed on Crataegus species. They feed inside the fruit of their host plant. The species overwinters in the pupal ...
Flagellares, American dewberries; Rosaceae) Eastern May Hawthorn (Crataegus aestivalis; Rosaceae), better known as mayhaw False ...
Media in category "Crataegus aestivalis". The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Crataegus_aestivalis&oldid=146977781" ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Crataegus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 216 species of Crataegus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species ...
Crataegus visenda Crataegus vulsa - Alabama hawthorn Crataegus wattiana Crataegus wilsonii - Wilson hawthorn Crataegus × ... Crataegus aemula - Rome hawthorn Crataegus aestivalis - May hawthorn Crataegus altaica - Altai hawthorn Crataegus ambigua - ... stolon-bearing hawthorn Crataegus jackii Crataegus jonesae Crataegus laevigata - Midland hawthorn, English hawthorn Crataegus ... hillside hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli - cockspur hawthorn Crataegus cuneata - Japanese hawthorn Crataegus cupulifera Crataegus ...
... indications (symptoms) from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C, ... Crataegus Oxyacantha QCrataegus Oxyacantha 30C. Crataegus Oxyacantha Popularity:. Sales rank: 268. ... Crataegus Oxyacantha most popular Potencies. Q. 30C. 200C. 6C. 6X. Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a ... Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Crataegus Oxyacantha in traditional homeopathic usage, ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Crataegus pinnatifida . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Crataegus × media, is a hybrid between two species in the genus Crataegus (Hawthorn), C. monogyna and C. laevigata, both in ... Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany ... series Crataegus. Under the rules of botanical nomenclature the name C. × media covers all intermediate forms between the two ...
"RHS Plant Selector - Crataegus laevigata Rosea Flore Pleno". Retrieved 20 July 2013. Flora Europaea: Crataegus Bean, W. J. ( ... Christensen, K.I. (1992). "Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old ... Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn ... Poirets name is reflected in the revised formal botanical name of midland hawthorn: Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. François ...
Crataegus viridis, the green hawthorn or southern thorn, is a species of hawthorn that is native to the southeastern United ... "Crataegus viridis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 17 January 2016. "BSBI List 2007". ... Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge, U.K. " Green Hawthorn, Crataegus viridis L." (Georgia, Southeastern United States) ...
Crataegus pulcherrima, whose name means "beautiful hawthorn" is a shrub up to 4 m tall, native to the southeastern United ... This species and those related to it that are classified in Crataegus series Pulcherrimae have been largely ignored since they ... Phipps, J.B.; OKennon, R.J.; Dvorsky, K.A. (2006). Review of Crataegus series Pulcherrimae (Rosaceae). SIDA, Contributions to ...
Crataegus douglasii var. duchesnensis is now considered to be a synonym of Crataegus saligna. Straight, stout thorns are one to ... ISBN 1-55105-042-0. Jepson Manual Treatment - Crataegus douglasii USDA Plants Profile: Crataegus douglasii U.Mich: Ethnobotany ... Crataegus douglasii is a compact erect bushy shrub covered in fan-shaped green leaves with teeth along the distal margin. ... Crataegus douglasii is a North American species of hawthorn known by the common names black hawthorn and Douglas thornapple. ...
Crataegus mollis, known as downy hawthorn or red hawthorn, occurs in eastern North America from southeastern North Dakota east ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus mollis (Torrey & A. Gray) Scheele, Linnaea. 21: 569. 1848", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. ... It is closely related to Crataegus submollis, but the two species have separate native ranges. Amongst other differences ...
Crataegus rufula, or Crataegus ×rufula, known as the rufous mayhaw, is a shrub or small tree of the south eastern United States ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus ×rufula Sargent, J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 251. 1920", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard; H. ...
Crataegus ambitiosa, the Grand Rapids hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn endemic to Michigan, in the Great Lakes region of ... USDA Plants Profile - Crataegus ambitiosa, accessed 12.2.2010. ...
Crataegus opaca, known as the western mayhaw, is a shrub or small tree of the southern United States. It is one of several ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus opaca Hooker & Arnott, Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 25. 1835", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard ...
The name Crataegus columbiana is a source of considerable confusion. The species named by Howell is now considered to be the ... C. columbiana has been used by some authors for Crataegus piperi Britton, which is now known as C. chrysocarpa var. piperi. For ... occidentalis (Britton) Eggl.). Phipps, J.B. (1995). The identity of Crataegus columbiana and its relationship to C. piperi ( ... Phipps, J.B.; OKennon, R.J. (2004). A review of Crataegus series Rotundifoliae (Rosaceae) in western Canada. Sida ...
Crataegus × dsungarica is a hawthorn that is a hybrid between C. songarica in C. sect. Crataegus and C. wattiana in C. sect. ... Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. The American Society ...
J.B. Phipps has shown that Crataegus fontanesiana are "somewhat narrow-leaved forms of C. calpodendron". The name was mis- ... Phipps, J.B. (1987) What is Crataegus fontanesiana (Spach) Steud.? (Rosaceae). Taxon 36: 641-644. ...
The fruit is dark red to purple or black, with one or two stones (pyrenes). Crataegus ambigua is closely related to Crataegus ... Christensen, K.I. (1992). Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old ... Crataegus ambigua is a species of thorn (hawthorn) native to Western Asia and Eastern Europe, including Armenia, Iran, Russia, ...
Crataegus dahurica is a species of hawthorn native to northeastern Asia. It is closely related to C. sanguinea. The fruit are ... List of Crataegus species with yellow fruit Phipps, J.B., OKennon, R.J., Lance, R.W. (2003). Hawthorns and medlars. Royal ... Flora of China entry "Crataegus dahurica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS ...
Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. The American Society ... Crataegus heldreichii is a species of hawthorn with red fruit that is native to Europe. Christensen, K.I. 1992. ...
Crataegus putnamiana is a rare species of North American hawthorn derived from hybridization between a species in Crataegus ... Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus Linnaeus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Coccineae (Loudon) Rehder, Man. Cult. Trees ed. 2 362 1940", in ...
It has been considered as a synonym of Crataegus flava Aiton (Ref. USDA Plants Profile) Phipps, J.B. (2015). "Crataegus visenda ... "Crataegus tristis Beadle" USDA Plants Profile for Crataegus arrogans. ... Crataegus visenda is a species of hawthorn from the southeastern United States, in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. It is a large ... Phipps, J.B.; Dvorsky, K.A. (2007). Review of Crataegus series Apricae, ser. nov., and C. flava (Rosaceae). Journal of the ...
List of hawthorn species with yellow fruit Christensen, K.I. (1992) Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. ... Crataegus pycnoloba is a species of hawthorn native to the mountains of the northern and central Peloponnesus of Greece. The ... Crataegus pycnoloba - a Hawthorn endemic to the Greek mountains.] Dansk Dendrologisk Årsskrift. 19: 5-10.. ... The American Society of Plant Taxonomists, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A. Christensen, K.I. (2001). Crataegus pycnoloba - en ...
Crataegus coccinea, the scarlet hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn around which there is considerable confusion because the ... is a heterotypic synonym of C. coccinea L. *Phipps JB, Cafferty S, Macklin JA (2003) Lectotypification of Crataegus coccinea L ... In 1901, Charles Sprague Sargent chose a lectotype for Crataegus coccinea from among Linnaeuss specimens, but chose a specimen ... For almost 100 years, particularly since 1910, this species was generally called Crataegus pedicellata Sarg. except by a few ...
Crataegus hupehensis is an Asian species of hawthorn that can grow to be a substantial tree. It is similar to C. pinnatifida ...
  • United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile - Crataegus arcana, accessed 12.2.2010 Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Beadle, Chauncey Delos. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus species are shrubs or small trees, mostly growing to 5-15 m (16-49 ft) tall, with small pome fruit and (usually) thorny branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some pastures, and young woodlots which have originated under heavy grazing pressure, can be dominated by Crataegus and other thorny species such as Zanthoxylum americanum (prickly ash), because the other competing species are eaten more readily. (uwgb.edu)
  • Born In Vermont, he botanized throughout the United States (with a particular interest the thorny taxonomy of Crataegus species), and had many plant species named for him. (newenglandwild.org)
  • Conclusion: These findings indicated that doxorubicin can adversely damage the testicular tissue, while Crataegus co-administrationcould effectively prevent these adverse effects by effective inhibiting oxidative processes and restoration of antioxidant defense system. (ac.ir)
  • Crataegus rufula, or Crataegus ×rufula, known as the rufous mayhaw, is a shrub or small tree of the south eastern United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus iracunda is a branching shrub or small tree rarely more than 6 meters (20 feet) in height, sprouting from the roots and thus forming large thickets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus aestivalis, known as the eastern mayhaw, is a shrub or small tree of the southeastern United States that grows in low-lying or wet areas from eastern Alabama to central Florida and Virginia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus submollis, known as the northern downy hawthorn, northern red haw, Quebec hawthorn, or hairy cockspurthorn, is a species of hawthorn that grows to about 7 m in height and typically carries large crops of red fruit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus rhipidophylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • Crataegus lepida is the smallest of the hawthorn species in series Lacrimatae, the "weeping hawthorns", of the southeastern U.S.. It blooms when less than 1 m tall and has great potential as a garden plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crataegus ellwangeriana is a named hawthorn species that has been poorly understood and often misidentified. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Latin binomial that is sometimes used, Crataegus × smithiana or the equivalent C. smithiana, appears to have never been validly published under the rules of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1901, Charles Sprague Sargent chose a lectotype for Crataegus coccinea from among Linnaeus's specimens, but chose a specimen that resembles C. dodgei Ashe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Latin binomial Crataegus × grignonensis (or equivalently Crataegus grignonensis) was published in 1890 on the basis of a description written by Pierre Mouillefert, who was the professor of sylviculture at l'École nationale d'Agriculture de Grignon. (wikipedia.org)