Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura mater. These may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma.
A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
A scale that assesses the outcome of serious craniocerebral injuries, based on the level of regained social functioning.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.
Aminobenzenesulfonic acids. Organic acids that are used in the manufacture of dyes and organic chemicals and as reagents.
The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.
Accumulation of blood in the EPIDURAL SPACE between the SKULL and the DURA MATER, often as a result of bleeding from the MENINGEAL ARTERIES associated with a temporal or parietal bone fracture. Epidural hematoma tends to expand rapidly, compressing the dura and underlying brain. Clinical features may include HEADACHE; VOMITING; HEMIPARESIS; and impaired mental function.
One of the paired air spaces located in the body of the SPHENOID BONE behind the ETHMOID BONE in the middle of the skull. Sphenoid sinus communicates with the posterosuperior part of NASAL CAVITY on the same side.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
An irregular unpaired bone situated at the SKULL BASE and wedged between the frontal, temporal, and occipital bones (FRONTAL BONE; TEMPORAL BONE; OCCIPITAL BONE). Sphenoid bone consists of a median body and three pairs of processes resembling a bat with spread wings. The body is hollowed out in its inferior to form two large cavities (SPHENOID SINUS).
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
The first cervical vertebra.
Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
A form of dwarfism caused by complete or partial GROWTH HORMONE deficiency, resulting from either the lack of GROWTH HORMONE-RELEASING FACTOR from the HYPOTHALAMUS or from the mutations in the growth hormone gene (GH1) in the PITUITARY GLAND. It is also known as Type I pituitary dwarfism. Human hypophysial dwarf is caused by a deficiency of HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE during development.
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
A pregnane found in the urine of pregnant women and sows. It has anesthetic, hypnotic, and sedative properties.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
A skull fracture characterized by inward depression of a fragment or section of cranial bone, often compressing the underlying dura mater and brain. Depressed cranial fractures which feature open skin wounds that communicate with skull fragments are referred to as compound depressed skull fractures.
5-Hydroxy-indole-3-ethanol.

Non-fatal injuries sustained by seatbelt wearers: a comparative study. (1/1137)

The injuries sustained by 969 drivers and front-seat passengers in road-traffic accidents were studied. Altogether 196 (20-2%) of the drivers and passengers were wearing seat belts and 773 (79-8%) were not. The injuries among the two groups differed greatly in both severity and distribution. A total of 54 (27-6%) of the seatbelt wearers sustained one or more fractures compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers, and 18 (9-2%) of the seatbelt wearers were severely injured compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers. Soft-tissue injuries to the face were sustained by only 29 (14-8%) of the seatbelt wearers compared with 425 (55%) of the non-wearers. Since wearing seatbelts may become compulsory, the type and pattern of injuries to be expected in wearers should be appreciated.  (+info)

Evaluating cost-effectiveness of diagnostic equipment: the brain scanner case. (2/1137)

An approach to evaluating the cost-effectiveness of high-technology diagnostic equipment has been devised, using the introduction of computerised axial tomography (CAT) as a model. With the advent of CAT scanning, angiography and air encephalography have a reduced, though important, role in investigating intracranial disease, and the efficient use of conventional equipment requires the centralisation of neuroradiological services, which would result in major cash savings. In contrast, the pattern of demand for CAT scanning, in addition to the acknowledged clinical efficiency of the scanner and its unique role in the head-injured patient, ephasies the need for improved access to scanners. In the interest of the patients the pattern of service must change.  (+info)

Post-traumatic epilepsy: its complications and impact on occupational rehabilitation--an epidemiological study from India. (3/1137)

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of seizure disorder, neuropsychiatric disorders and reproductive outcome of employees with post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) and their effect on occupational rehabilitation. A case-comparison group study design was used to compare 30 subjects with PTE with (1) 129 non-PTE and (2) 55 non-PTE matched control employees. The 55 non-PTE matched controls were selected from the 129 non-PTE employees on the basis of age, age at onset of seizure, age at marriage and length of employment. The PTE group had a lower fertility rate than the controls and more neuropsychiatric disorders and seizure disability. PTE employees were more occupationally rehabilitated than non-PTE employees (p = 0.033). Of the 30 PTE subjects, thirteen who were rehabilitated by placement had more seizure disability (p = 0.007) and a higher fertility rate (p = 0.018). High prevalence of seizure disability and increased fertility rate among the placed PTE employees suggested that there might be some association between severity of seizures and increased production of live offspring and work placement. Work suitability or placement should not be judged on clinical assessment only but psychosocial seizure assessment, disability evaluation and other psychometric tests which are of equal importance.  (+info)

Cognitive recovery after severe head injury. 3. WAIS verbal and performance IQs as a function of post-traumatic amnesia duration and time from injury. (4/1137)

Two studies are reported are reported in which severely head-injured patients were followed up and Verbal (VIQ) and Performance (PIQ) IQs obtained on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale at four intervals after injury. In the first study 51 patients were systematically followed, and results were based upon serial testing. In the second study results were based on the earliest data available from an additional 98 patients who had not been followed so systematically, in order to introduce a control for the effects of practice. Patients in both studies were categorised into four groups of the severity of head injury based upon duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). In both studies, VIQ level was found to be related to PTA duration at three months after injury, while PIQ was related to PTA duration at both three and six months. No such relationships were found at 12 and 30 months after injury. Results are discussed in the context of previous studies relating the outcome of head injury to the duration of PTA.  (+info)

Post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy--two case reports. (5/1137)

A 60-year-old female and a 66-year-old male presented with post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy associated with clinically asymptomatic pituitary macroadenoma manifesting as severe visual disturbance that had not developed immediately after the head injury. Skull radiography showed a unilateral linear occipital fracture. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed pituitary tumor with dumbbell-shaped suprasellar extension and fresh intratumoral hemorrhage. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed in the first patient, and the visual disturbance subsided. Decompressive craniectomy was performed in the second patient to treat brain contusion and part of the tumor was removed to decompress the optic nerves. The mechanism of post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy may occur as follows. The intrasellar part of the tumor is fixed by the bony structure forming the sella, and the suprasellar part is free to move, so a rotational force acting on the occipital region on one side will create a shearing strain between the intra- and suprasellar part of the tumor, resulting in pituitary apoplexy. Recovery of visual function, no matter how severely impaired, can be expected if an emergency operation is performed to decompress the optic nerves. Transsphenoidal surgery is the most advantageous procedure, as even partial removal of the tumor may be adequate to decompress the optic nerves in the acute stage. Staged transsphenoidal surgery is indicated to achieve total removal later.  (+info)

Aphasic disorder in patients with closed head injury. (6/1137)

Quantitative assessment of 50 patients with closed head injury disclosed that anomic errors and word finding difficulty were prominent sequelae as nearly half of the series had defective scores on tests of naming and/or word association. Aphasic disturbance was associated with severity of brain injury as reflected by prolonged coma and injury of the brain stem.  (+info)

An audit of distribution and use of guidelines for management of head injury. (7/1137)

Ensuring effective distribution of guidelines is an important step towards their implementation. To examine the effectiveness of dissemination of a guidelines card on management of head injury and determine its usefulness to senior house officers (SHOs), a questionnaire survey was performed in May 1990, after distribution of the cards in induction packs for new doctors and at postgraduate lectures and displaying the guidelines in accident and emergency departments and wards. A further survey, in March 1992, assessed the impact of modifying the distribution. All (175) SHOs working in general surgery, accident and emergency medicine, orthopaedics, and neurosciences on 1 February 1990 in 19 hospitals including two neurosurgical units in Northern region were sent self completion questionnaires about awareness, receipt, use, and perceived usefulness of the guidelines. 131 of 163(80%) SHOs in post responded (median response from hospitals 83% (range 50%-100%)). Over three quarters (103, 79%) of SHOs were aware of the guidelines and 82(63%) had ever possessed a guidelines card. Only 36(44%) acquired the card in the induction pack. 92%(98/107) found them useful and 81% (89/110) referred to them to some extent. Owning and carrying the card and referring to guidelines were associated with departmental encouragement to use the guidelines. Increasing the displays of guidelines in wards and departments and the supply of cards to consultants in accident and emergency medicine as a result of this survey did not increase the number of SHOs who received cards (52/83, 63%), but more (71/83, 86%) were aware of the guidelines. The guidelines were welcomed by SHOs and used in treating patients with head injury, but their distribution requires improvement. Increased use of the guidelines may be achieved by introducing other distribution methods and as a result of encouragement by senior staff.  (+info)

Effect of guidelines on management of head injury on record keeping and decision making in accident and emergency departments. (8/1137)

OBJECTIVE: To compare record keeping and decision making in accident and emergency departments before and after distribution of guidelines on head injury management as indices of implementation. DESIGN: Before (1987) and after (1990) study of accident and emergency medical records. SETTING: Two accident and emergency departments in England. PATIENTS: 1144 adult patients with head injury in department 1 (533 in 1987, 613 in 1990) and 734 in department 2 (370, 364 respectively). MAIN MEASURES: Recording of relevant symptoms and signs as determined in the guidelines; presence of, indications for, and rates and appropriateness of skull x ray examination and admission. RESULTS: The median number of guidelines variables recorded for all study periods ranged from 7 to 9 out of a possible maximum of 27. For key decision making variables the presence or absence of penetrating injury was least likely to be recorded (< or = 1%) and that of loss of consciousness most likely (> or = 75%). Altogether, the proportion of patients receiving skull x ray examination or admitted varied from 25%-60% and 7%-23% respectively; overall, 69% (1280/1856) and 64% (1177/1851) of patients were managed appropriately. However, no consistent change occurred in the departments between the study periods. For instance, in department 1 the proportion of appropriate x ray examinations rose significantly after distribution of the guidelines (from 61% (202/330) to 73% (305/417)) and appropriate decisions on whether to x ray or not also rose (from 65% (340/522) to 72% (435/608)). There was no significant change in department 2, although the proportion of appropriate admissions fell (from 33% (55/166) to 15% (19/130)). CONCLUSIONS: Recording practice and decision making were variable and had not consistently improved after dissemination of the guidelines. Strategies are required to ensure effective implementation of guidelines.  (+info)

Our trial confirms that the Canadian CT Head Rule is highly sensitive (100%) for identifying clinically important brain injuries in patients with minor head injury. 6 However, it did not show that implementation of the rule led to a reduction in emergency department use of CT imaging. In fact, there was an increase over time in use of CT scans at 10 of 12 sites, most notably at community hospitals. Many factors likely account for these findings, including our use of simple, inexpensive interventions, suboptimal compliance, crowding in Canadian emergency departments, increased ease of access to CT scans in emergency departments, and an overall secular trend toward increased use of CT imaging.. This implementation study, designed and conducted according to strict methodologic standards, represents the final stage in the development of a clinical decision rule. 11,13,15 Our previous studies to derive, validate and implement the Ottawa Ankle Rules, the Ottawa Knee Rule and the Canadian C-Spine Rule ...
If you have had a severe head injury and theres a chance you may have a brain injury, youll have a CT scan to assess the seriousness of the injury.. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is often used to assess head injuries. This is a scale from 3 to 15 that identifies how serious your head injury is, based on your symptoms and whether the brain has been damaged (with 3 being most severe and 15 the least severe).. A GCS score of 13 or above would indicate a minor head injury. A score of 9 to 12 would be a moderate head injury. If a person has a severe head injury, theyll have a score of 8 or less.. Some people with significant head injuries have a high GCS score initially, but their score decreases when theyre reassessed at a later stage.. If you have a severe head injury, youll be closely monitored and frequently reassessed to check your condition.. Find out how severe head injuries are diagnosed. ...
Visit our Pediatric Community Pediatric head trauma, whether it involves high-velocity impact, self-inflicted causes, or nonaccidental trauma, is a major ca...
A multicenter external validation study in 7 Tunisian teaching and non teaching hospitals including patients with MHI defined as a blunt trauma to the head within 24 hours with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13 to 15 and at least one of the following: history of loss of consciousness, short-term memory deficit, amnesia for the traumatic event, post-traumatic seizure, vomiting, headache, external evidence of injury above the clavicles, confusion, and neurologic deficit. Primary outcome was need for neurosurgical intervention defined as either death or craniotomy, or the need of endotracheal intubation within 30 days of the traumatic event. Secondary outcome was the presence of traumatic lesions on head CT scan. Comparaision of both decision rules using sensitivity specifications, positive and negative predictive value ...
Minor head injuries are a common presenting complaint in the pediatric emergency department. Skull x-rays are a useful tool in the evaluation of paediatric patients with a history of minor head trauma. However, there exists ongoing controversy regarding the ideal number of views that should be obtained in a skull series. This study aims to determine if there is a significant difference in the diagnostic accuracy of skull x-rays in the diagnosis of fracture in paediatric minor head trauma patients when a 2-film series as opposed to a 4-film series is provided to participating pediatric emergency physicians.. This will be a prospective, crossover experimental study evaluating the equivalency in sensitivity and specificity of a 2-film series versus a 4-film series in the diagnosis of skull fracture associated with minor head injuries in children.. The study will involve 10 pediatric emergency physicians who will evaluate two modules of 100 series of radiography.. In order to do so, he or she will ...
The emotional characteristics of head injury patients referred for neuropsychological testing were examined as a function of the time since injury. Patients referred more than 6 months from injury were more emotionally distressed on the MMPI and Katz Adjustment Scale (relatives form) compared to those tested 6 months or earlier. The more chronic head trauma patients were more anxious and depressed, more confused in their thinking, and more socially withdrawn compared to the acute patient group. These differences in emotional functioning appeared to be independent of level of neuropsychological impairment and the initial length of coma. Premorbid personality and increased awareness of impaired functioning with the passage of time are discussed as possible mediators of enhanced emotional distress in some chronic head injury patients.. ...
Objective: To determine the statistical characteristics of blood pressure (BP) readings from a large number of head-injured patients.. Methods: The BrainIT group has collected high time-resolution physiological and clinical data from head-injured patients who require intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. The statistical features of this dataset of BP measurements with time resolution of 1 min from 200 patients is examined. The distributions of BP measurements and their relationship with simultaneous ICP measurements are described.. Results: The distributions of mean, systolic and diastolic readings are close to normal with modest skewing towards higher values. There is a trend towards an increase in blood pressure with advancing age, but this is not significant. Simultaneous blood pressure and ICP values suggest a triphasic relationship with a BP rising at 0.28 mm Hg/mm Hg of ICP, for ICP up to 32 mm Hg, and 0.9 mm Hg/mm Hg of ICP for ICP from 33 to 55 mm Hg, and falling sharply with rising ...
Traumatic head injuries (THI) are a critical public health problem worldwide, with more than 10 million individuals affected every year. In Saudi Arabia (SA), the burden of THI is unknown even though injury is the leading cause of death and a major cause of disability. Therefore, we aim to estimate the prevalence of long-term of disabilities among survivors of THI treated at a large level-I trauma center in Riyadh. The study included 258 patients, who were hospitalized due to a non-fatal THI between years 2005-2014. Patients (age = 16-60 years) were contacted via the phone and information about their Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) was ascertained. Univariate analyses were performed to examine patients characteristics and to estimate the prevalence of any disability. Logistic regression was used to evaluate independent predictors of long-term disability. Respondents were relatively young (mean age = 24.8; SD = 9.8), predominantly males (92.7%) and the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pattern of fatal head injuries due to vehicular accidents in Mangalore. AU - Menon, Anand. AU - Pai, Vishwas K.. AU - Rajeev, A.. PY - 2008/2/1. Y1 - 2008/2/1. N2 - Head injury is an important cause of mortality worldwide as the head is the most vulnerable part of the body involved in fatal road traffic accidents. The present study was undertaken on 682 victims of road traffic accidents who died due to injuries sustained to the head, which were autopsied at District Wenlock Hospital, Mangalore over a period of 5 years between January 1999 and December 2003. Most of the accidents had taken place during the afternoon and evening hours (1400-2200h). There was a marked male preponderance (84.6%). The most vulnerable age group was found to be between 21 and 30 years. Two wheeler occupants were most commonly involved. Skull fractures were present in 88.88% of the cases. Fractures of the vault were found in 88%, base of the skull in 35.97% and a combination of both in 35% of cases. In ...
A retrospective analysis conducted by Li et al11 included 144 anticoagulated patients attending the ED with head injury. Of these patients, 134 (93%) were described as receiving their injury from a simple fall. This study included patients taking warfarin who had incurred head injury and subsequently had CT head scan. Patients excluded were those with new neurology, altered mentation or who were deemed high or moderate risk. This group found the incidence of intracranial haemorrhage in their study to be 6.2% (9/144), with six parenchymal haemorrhages, two subdural haematomas and a single subarachnoid haemorrhage being described. The authors of this study concluded that significant numbers of warfarinised patients develop intracranial pathology with even minor head injury. The authors postulate that this subset of patients should be considered at moderate risk and go on to recommend intracranial imaging for all warfarinised head injury patients during emergency assessment, regardless of ...
A Rare Fatal Head Injury and Crush Injury to Leg by an Improperly Assembled Chaff Cutter - a farm Machinery-Related Injury in North-West India: a Case Report
A rare case is described of acute disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) following isolated mild head injury with acute subdural haematoma, coagulopathy onset preceding craniotomy. Surgical treatment of the cause followed by swift diagnosis and treatment soon after surgery enabled a good outcome. Post-operative recollection of subdural and extadural blood was treated by further surgery. DIC following isolated mild head injury without axonal damage is rare, but fatal if missed. Thrombocytopaenia in head injured patients should be investigated expediently. Post-operative interim imaging (if not standard practice) should also be considered to exclude haemorrhagic recollection requiring further surgery.
Paediatric head injury is common. Our numbers estimates an annual incidence of 3378 head injuries/100 000, which is similar to previously published figures.8 Past studies have shown a significant male predominance and almost half those presenting to A&E departments are less than 5 years old.2, 8, 9 Our population demonstrated similar age and sex demographics. Younger children may present more readily because of parental anxiety rather than them having a higher incidence of head injury. Studies from the United States tend to describe more severe head injuries reflecting issues of access to hospital care.1, 2 In Edinburgh most patients have relatively easy access to free health care and we subsequently see a wide spectrum of head injuries, including children who are possibly managed by primary care facilities elsewhere.. Vomiting occurred in 15.8% of our analysed population, an incidence similar to previously published figures of 10-17%.2, 4, 10 Studies that exclude the most minor injuries quote ...
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Minor Head Trauma in Pediatric Patients. Ayalin, Tyler; Kiang, Charlene; Gharabaghian, Laleh; Wang, N. Ewen; Haines, Christopher J. // Pediatric Emergency Medicine Reports;Feb2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p17 This article provides information on minor head trauma in pediatric patients. Minor head injuries are the one of the common injuries in children in emergency departments. Computed tomography is the modality of choice for the diagnosis of brain injuries and diseases, but this poses risk of... ...
Floating Hospital for Children is recognized as a Level 1 Trauma Center. We provide the best possible care for all head related pediatric trauma patients. Learn more.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of cerebral blood flow in computed tomographic hypodense areas of the brain in head-injured patients. AU - Furuya, Yu. AU - Hlatky, Roman. AU - Valadka, Alex B.. AU - Diaz, Pedro. AU - Robertson, Claudia S.. AU - Bullock, M. Ross. AU - Muizelaar, J. Paul. AU - Kelly, Daniel F.. AU - Wilberger, Jack E.. PY - 2003/2/1. Y1 - 2003/2/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE: Hypodense lesions identified on computed tomographic (CT) scans are often assumed to indicate ischemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in hypodense areas of the brain after severe traumatic brain injury. METHODS: CBF was measured by stable xenon-enhanced CT scans. Hypodense areas were identified, and rCBF values as well as CT density were averaged for the region. RESULTS: Thirty (60%) of the 50 patients had a total of 45 hypodense regions, which were associated with either contusion (n = 30) or areas of infarction (n = 15). rCBF in the hypodense regions was variable, ranging ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Does acute hyperventilation cause cerebral ischemia in severely head-injured patients?. AU - Zornow, Mark H.. AU - Prough, Donald. PY - 2002/12/1. Y1 - 2002/12/1. KW - Cerebral blood flow. KW - Cerebral ischemia. KW - Hyperventilation. KW - Intracranial pressure. KW - Intraoperative monitoring. KW - Traumatic brain injury. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036884497&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036884497&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 12483073. AN - SCOPUS:0036884497. VL - 30. SP - 2774. EP - 2775. JO - Critical Care Medicine. JF - Critical Care Medicine. SN - 0090-3493. IS - 12. ER - ...
Head injury - Animation Youve fallen and hit your head. It hurts a little, but youre not bleeding and you feel okay. Do you have a head injury, or are you fine? Knowing how to tell a minor head injury from a serious one could literally save your life. Lets talk about head injuries. Millions of people get head injuries every year. They get into car accidents or fights, they fall, or they get hit in the head while playing sports or working on the job. Most head injuries are minor, because your head comes equipped with its own natural hard hat, a protective skull that surrounds and protects your brain. But sometimes that protection isnt enough. More than a half-million people each year get head injuries severe enough to send them to the hospital. The most common type of head injury is a concussion. Thats when a hit in the head makes your brain jiggle around in your skull. You can also get a bruise on your brain, called a contusion. Brain contusions are a lot more serious than bruises from a ...
Head injury - Animation Youve fallen and hit your head. It hurts a little, but youre not bleeding and you feel okay. Do you have a head injury, or are you fine? Knowing how to tell a minor head injury from a serious one could literally save your life. Lets talk about head injuries. Millions of people get head injuries every year. They get into car accidents or fights, they fall, or they get hit in the head while playing sports or working on the job. Most head injuries are minor, because your head comes equipped with its own natural hard hat, a protective skull that surrounds and protects your brain. But sometimes that protection isnt enough. More than a half-million people each year get head injuries severe enough to send them to the hospital. The most common type of head injury is a concussion. Thats when a hit in the head makes your brain jiggle around in your skull. You can also get a bruise on your brain, called a contusion. Brain contusions are a lot more serious than bruises from a ...
Critical illness following head injury is associated with a hypermetabolic state but there are insufficient epidemiological data describing acute nutrition delivery to this group of patients. Furthermore, there is little information describing relationships between nutrition and clinical outcomes in this population. We undertook an analysis of observational data, collected prospectively as part of International Nutrition Surveys 2007-2013, and extracted data obtained from critically ill patients with head trauma. Our objective was to describe global nutrition support practices in the first 12 days of hospital admission after head trauma, and to explore relationships between energy and protein intake and clinical outcomes. Data are presented as mean (SD), median (IQR), or percentages. Data for 1045 patients from 341 ICUs were analyzed. The age of patients was 44.5 (19.7) years, 78 % were male, and median ICU length of stay was 13.1 (IQR 7.9-21.6) days. Most patients (94 %) were enterally fed but received
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage ...
Head injuries can often cause damage to the pituitary gland leading to hormonal problems. Here, Caroline Churchill gives her account of her sons head injury as a child, and the problems he suffered as an adult including sexual dysfunction and depression, leading eventually to suicide. Brain injury is already recognized as quadrupling suicide risk, and…
Objective : To investigate the cases of intracranial abnormal brain MRI findings even in the negative brain CT scan after mild head injury. Methods : During a 2-year period (January 2009-December 2010), we prospectively evaluated both brain CT and brain MRI of 180 patients with mild head injury. Patients were classified into two groups according to presence or absence of abnormal brain MRI finding even in the negative brain CT scan after mild head injury. Two neurosurgeons and one neuroradiologist validated the images from both brain CT scan and brain MRI double blindly. Results : Intracranial injury with negative brain CT scan after mild head injury occurred in 18 patients (10.0%). Headache (51.7%) without neurologic signs was the most common symptom. Locations of intracranial lesions showing abnormal brain MRI were as follows; temporal base (n=8), frontal pole (n=5), falx cerebri (n=2), basal ganglia (n=1), tentorium (n=1), and sylvian fissure (n=1). Intracranial injury was common in patients ...
WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A severe head injury, especially during middle age, could dramatically boost the risk for developing dementia later in life, new research from Finland suggests.. The investigation tracked dementia risk among people who had suffered a traumatic brain injury [TBI] at 65 or younger. Ultimately, the researchers determined that not only did the risk go up for those who had a TBI, but the worse the initial head injury, the greater the risk of dementia.. The study showed that 3.5 percent of persons with moderate-to-severe TBI [were] diagnosed with a neurodegenerative disease [such as dementia] later in life, said study lead author Dr. Rahul Raj. Hes an associate professor of experimental neurosurgery at Helsinki University Hospital.. This is substantially higher compared to age-matched peers with no history of brain injury, he noted.. By comparison, only 1.6 percent of persons with mild TBI were diagnosed with a neurodegenerative disease, Raj added, ...
Plaintiff wiper was carrying a bucket of scrap iron up a ladder in the engine room of the vessel when a blower fell from a higher deck and struck the wiper on top of the head. Plaintiff was diagnosed with chronic cervicalgia, psychological sequela and a mild closed head injury (concussion). Plaintiff settled for $900,000, but recovered over a million dollars total, including medical and maintenance payments.. $900,000. ...
Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (| 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clinical history of these lesions is particularly favourable because they are usually small, and also because the facial-brachial-crural hemiparesis typical of this pathology usually regresses after a period ranging from several weeks to several months, despite the persistence of an ischemic area on MRI. This is due to the well known neuronal plasticity of the CNS, in particular, of the primary motor cortex. The most effective therapeutic approach appears to be the conservative one, although the best treatment regimen is still not well defined. Young patients should be closely monitored and treated conservatively with osmotic diuretics to reduce perilesional edema. At the same time, however, it is very important to exclude, by means of instrumental and laboratory studies, conditions that could favour
Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (| 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clinical history of these lesions is particularly favourable because they are usually small, and also because the facial-brachial-crural hemiparesis typical of this pathology usually regresses after a period ranging from several weeks to several months, despite the persistence of an ischemic area on MRI. This is due to the well known neuronal plasticity of the CNS, in particular, of the primary motor cortex. The most effective therapeutic approach appears to be the conservative one, although the best treatment regimen is still not well defined. Young patients should be closely monitored and treated conservatively with osmotic diuretics to reduce perilesional edema. At the same time, however, it is very important to exclude, by means of instrumental and laboratory studies, conditions that could favour
Learn more about True or False: A Person With a Serious Head Injury or Concussion Should Be Kept Awake at Memorial Hospital All head injuries should be treated seriously...
Head trauma due to a car accident is extremely serious, especially for young children. If your child has suffered head trauma, call Moseley Collins now.
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The use of CT scan in minor head injuries is a difficult subject. Another reason why calling us first when your child has a minor head injury is the way to go.. Nigrovic said many children show up in ERs with minor head trauma, but very few have significant traumatic brain injuries, identified as a condition resulting in death, brain surgery, use of oxygen tubes for more than 24 hours, or hospital admission for more than two days. She said monitoring symptoms is an effective strategy to reduce CT scans for children considered in the low- to intermediate-risk category.. We use CT scans for high-risk cases because we dont want to miss a brain injury, said Nigrovic. But if a 3-year-old girl with a headache or vomiting can stay in the ER and be monitored, and if after four hours the symptoms are gone, thats great. She can go home.. Childs head injury doesnt always need CT scan. ...
VAERS ID 209245-1: This subject is a three month old female, who suffered a fatal head injury while enrolled in a comparative post marketing safety study of Daptacel (diptheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine absorbed) administered with other recommended vaccines according to the US standard of care. The subject received one dose of study vaccine: the last dose prior to the event was given on 01/14/2003. The subject expired instantly due to blunt head injuries in motor vehicle accident described as auto vs. fixed object, ejected, 18 days post immunization and expired the same day. No other information was reported. Death Certificate has been received. Autopsy has been performed but report not yet received. The event of fatal head injury was reported by the investigator as unrelated to the study product. The autopsy report states accident automobile, death. Follow up on 09/30/2003: Autopsy Report received by medical affairs on 09/16/2003. This three-month-old female ...
VAERS ID 209245-1: This subject is a three month old female, who suffered a fatal head injury while enrolled in a comparative post marketing safety study of Daptacel (diptheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine absorbed) administered with other recommended vaccines according to the US standard of care. The subject received one dose of study vaccine: the last dose prior to the event was given on 01/14/2003. The subject expired instantly due to blunt head injuries in motor vehicle accident described as auto vs. fixed object, ejected, 18 days post immunization and expired the same day. No other information was reported. Death Certificate has been received. Autopsy has been performed but report not yet received. The event of fatal head injury was reported by the investigator as unrelated to the study product. The autopsy report states accident automobile, death. Follow up on 09/30/2003: Autopsy Report received by medical affairs on 09/16/2003. This three-month-old female ...
Lalenoh, Diana Christine and Bisri, Tatang and Yusuf, Irawan Brain Protection Effect of Lidocaine Measured By Interleukin-6 and Phospholipase A2 Concentration in Epidural Haematoma with Moderate Head Injury Patient. Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research. ISSN 2155-6148. ...
We dont know what to do. My dad is 72 years old--VERY healthy, but fell from a ladder 10 days ago and has many broken ribs, still on ventilator, moderate head injury (hes starting to wake up and respond to commands), and C2 & T6 fractures (probably no cord involvement) and an exploded T12/L1 (almost certain cord involvement).... He has a right shoulder (scapula) fracture and for some unknown reason, is not moving his right arm much. He seems to wince to pain in his upper legs, but no leg
The accident caused Mack to have severe traumatic head injury, among other serious injuries. Severe traumatic head injury occurs when there is direct damage or the threat of damage to the brain. An example of direct damage to the brain would be a gunshot wound. A threat of damage would be a severe contusion which may result in a hemotoma or increased intracranial pressure. The right frontal lobe (sub-dural) of Macks brain was injured causing hemotoma and increased intracranial pressure. This is why they placed drain tubes in his head at the onset. The most recent CAT scan shows that the brain swelling has gone down, which is an improvement. The doctor said that the drain tubes in his head will most likely be removed today since they have done their job. However, there are still scattered patches of blood and fluid in the brain. The doctor stated that there has been some cellular death of brain cells due to low blood pressure and the brain being without oxygen for a period of time right after ...
ABSTRACTObjectiveTo externally validate four commonly used rules in computed tomography (CT) for minor head injury.DesignProspective, multicentre cohort study.SettingThree university and six non-university hospitals in the Netherlands.ParticipantsConsecutive adult patients aged 16 years and over who
Background and objective Expectations and beliefs are important predictors of outcome following minor head injury. In this paper, the primary purpose is to develop a simple symptom expectation...
Our results show there is no reduction in mortality with methylprednisolone in the 2 weeks after head injury. The cause of the rise in risk of death within 2 weeks is unclear.
3Gaziosmanpa a University, School of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Tokat, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.12668-14.3 AIM: Because of the need for effective method to determine the severity of head trauma, the importance of biomarkers is recognized recently. This study aims to analyze the values of sera levels of some biomarkers and the relation with their tissue levels in acute head injury.. MATERIAL and METHODS: In this study, rats were divided into three groups (mild head trauma, severe head trauma and control group). All rats were anaesthetized. Weightdrop method was used as trauma method. Blood samples were obtained five minutes after trauma when the acute effects of trauma occurred. Then whole brains of rats were excised. Levels of biomarkers were investigated in the sera samples and homogenized brain tissues biochemically.. RESULTS: Significant differences in the sera GFAP (p=0.015) and insulin (p=0.011) levels were observed. Very significant difference in the sera nNOS level ...
The evidence from observational epidemiologic studies provide some support for a harmful effect of head injuries, with risk especially elevated among those whose head injuries occur later in life or are more severe. However, few prospective studies have been conducted on head injury and AD, and they have significant methodological limitations. More importantly, the diagnosis of dementia in all prior studies has been based on clinical features rather than modern biomarker assays to identify the dementia subtype, and there have been no studies where the clinical diagnosis of AD was confirmed in pathologic studies. Thus, while head injury likely increases the risk of developing dementia, epidemiologic evidence linking head injury to AD dementia is less clear. There is much greater support for moderate to severe head injury in total dementia, and some support for mild head injury with loss of consciousness and total dementia. Of course, as there are many other harmful effects from head injury, there ...
Transient traumatic isolated neurogenic ptosis (TTINP) is a sporadically reported rare entity. However, to the best of our knowledge, nearly all the reported cases are either secondary to direct periorbital trauma or surgery. We would like to report on a case of TTINP with countre-coup injury of the periorbital region. A 49-year-old female slipped and fell down while walking. She was hospitalized with a moderate headache and undisturbed mental state. The patient recalled that the force bearing point was her occipital region. Physical examination and computed tomography (CT) on admission showed right isolated ptosis and mild contusion and laceration in the bilateral frontal cortex. Further radiological investigation revealed nothing remarkable except for a fracture of the superior portion of the right medial orbital wall. She was managed conservatively and recovered completely in two months. TTINP might manifest as a unique entity with a relatively mild, reversible, and non-devastating injury to the
The influence of vehicle deformation on the risks of head injury for the drivers involved in frontal crashes is studied using real world crash data. There are three types of vehicle damage distribution considered in this paper, namely, wide distribution, moderate offset, and small offset. The adjusted odds ratios (OR) along with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the head injuries are estimated by logistic regression, controlling for a wide variety of confounders. Results show that occupants head injuries are highly related to damage distribution.
Background: Bilateral Intracranial hematoma is an uncommon sequela of closed head injury. Approach to this complicated problem is poorly defined. The present study tries to find out the incidence, and possible markers for the earlier detection of the problem.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study all head trauma patients undergoing surgical decompression from September 2006 to October 2008 in Kashan Beheshti Hospital, were included. Cases were studied for age, sex, cause of trauma, skull fracture, Glasgow Coma Scale Score, pre-operative CT findings, and the number of surgical procedures. Using SPSS software, the obtained data was analyzed through descriptive statistics, Chi Square and t-test.Results: During a 24-month period, for 96 admitted patients with traumatic injuries, 121 surgical procedures were performed. Due to the hematomas, 73 (75.3) and 23 (24.7) cases had one and more than one surgical operation, respectively. In addition, the age range was between 6 months and 83 years ...
Question - Visible bump after a head injury on the back of head. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Loss of consciousness, Ask a Critical Care Specialist
Authors: Rachel Evans, Gordon Fuller, Tom Roberts, Dan Horner, Sue Mason / Codes: CC20, HAP29 / Published: 28/08/2018. Introduction. There are head injuries and head injuries in emergency medicine. A head injury on anticoagulation has long been thought to be the latter. But is it? We have worried for a long time about any head injury on warfarin, and a variety of management pathways have been introduced alongside bespoke NICE guidelines suggesting imaging for all. However, not all anticoagulants are cut from the same cloth. The Direct Oral Anticoagulant agents in particular have recently shown an improved mortality profile following intracranial bleeding, when compared to traditional agents 1. We still lack evidence as to how these new drugs affect the risk associated with a minor head injury. The increasing use of DOACs, and the increasing age of the population using them, make this a pressing issue.. Head injury is a common reason for attending the emergency department, responsible for up to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Delayed and isolated oculomotor nerve palsy following minor head trauma. AU - Nakagawa, Yu. AU - Toda, Masahiro. AU - Shibao, Shunsuke. AU - Yoshida, Kazunari. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Background: The purpose of this study was to consider the mechanism of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy after minor head trauma. Case Description: We report a rare case of delayed and isolated oculomotor nerve palsy following minor head trauma. A 19-year-old boy complained of double vision 1 day after a minor head trauma. Neuro-ophthalmic examination showed isolated left oculomotor nerve palsy. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed no abnormal findings and steroid therapy was administered for a week. Three months after the injury, the ptosis and extraocular movements had fully resolved, although the pupillary light reflex was still abnormal. Conclusions: Delayed and isolated oculomotor nerve palsy may be caused by an injury at the point where the oculomotor nerve ...
PhD Project - Targeting inflammation to prevent brain swelling following paediatric head injury at University of South Australia, listed on FindAPhD.com
Free Online Library: Kluver-Bucy syndrome as a result of minor head trauma. by Southern Medical Journal; Health, general Head injuries Physiological aspects Temporal lobes
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare complication of traumatic head injury. Here we present a patient with traumatic extradural haematoma successfully evacuated with good clinical recovery. However, the patient then deteriorated and died. The cause, at post mortem, was a propagating
TY - JOUR. T1 - Emergency Department Triage of Traumatic Head Injury Using a Brain Electrical Activity Biomarker. T2 - A Multisite Prospective Observational Validation Trial. AU - Hanley, Daniel. AU - Prichep, Leslie S.. AU - Bazarian, Jeffrey. AU - Huff, J. Stephen. AU - Naunheim, Rosanne. AU - Garrett, John. AU - Jones, Elizabeth B.. AU - Wright, David W.. AU - ONeill, John. AU - Badjatia, Neeraj. AU - Gandhi, Dheeraj. AU - Curley, Kenneth C.. AU - Chiacchierini, Richard. AU - ONeil, Brian. AU - Hack, Dallas C.. N1 - Funding Information: The funding source worked with clinical sites to develop the protocol to address the endpoints of the U.S. Army?funded contract. The final protocol was approved by each sites IRB and the U.S. Army Human Research Protection Office prior to study activation. Publisher Copyright: © 2017 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. PY - 2017/5. Y1 - 2017/5. N2 - Objectives: A brain electrical activity biomarker for identifying traumatic brain injury (TBI) ...
Since 1994 in Canada the rate of bicycling injuries, including those to the head, has decreased among young people. In six provinces where helmet legislation was implemented, we observed a steep decline in the rate of hospital admissions for young people with cycling related head injuries (54% reduction) compared with provinces and territories without legislation (33% reduction). In adults over this same period we observed a 26% reduction in the rate of admissions for head injuries in provinces that implemented helmet legislation, compared with no reduction in provinces without legislation. While these results superficially suggest an important effect of legislation, after taking baseline trends into consideration we were unable to show an independent effect of helmet legislation on the rate of head injuries per hospital admission for a cycling related injury one year after the implementation of legislation, either overall or according to the age group of cyclists targeted by the ...
By Richard H. Adler, Attorney at Law. Over 1.4 million individuals sustain traumatic brain injuries each year in the United States. Between 400,000 and 500,000 of these head injuries are severe enough to require hospitalization annually. The financial cost of the diagnostic and rehabilitative/medical programs for traumatic head injury is estimated to be 3.9 billion dollars per year. The cost to society is far greater when one considers how traumatic head injuries may prevent individuals from achieving their full potential and contributing to society, while disrupting the lives of their family and friends.. Head injuries are generally classified as open or closed. An open head injury is one in which damage to the brain is caused by a fracture or penetrating wound. In a penetrating head injury, the dural covering of the brain has been breached by an object, such as a bullet or a piece of fractured skull. In such cases, damage is more likely to be focal -that is, the symptoms (such as ...
Also known as shaken baby syndrome, abusive head trauma (AHT) is a form of inflicted traumatic brain injury, which can be caused by direct blows to the head, dropping or throwing a child, or shaking a child vigrously.
Objective: Cranial computed tomography (CCT) scans are frequently obtained in the evaluation of patients with mild head trauma. These scans may detect unexpected incidental findings. Advances in neuroimaging and the increase in human population, has led to increased identification of patients with incidental intracranial findings on CCT. Since incidental lesions do not usually cause any pathology, treatment is not needed. However, in some cases, they provide an early diagnosis of the pathology that may occur in the future. In this study, it is aimed to create awareness for incidental brain findings detected on CCT after mild head trauma in emergency departments.. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed incidental findings on routine brain computed tomography in patients with mild head trauma who admitted between June 2012 2018 in the emergency department. The age, sex, backgrounds and anatomic localization of the lesion were evaluated. Patients without any deficits were included in the ...
My report:. Encephalic space: - Diffuse axonal lesions in the left frontal region and in the left semi-oval center.. - Left temporal extradural hematoma with air pockets associated with an extralabyrinthic fracture of the petrous bone.. - Left temporal petechial contusions.. - Deep, left medial temporal intra-parenchymatous hematoma.. - Moderate cerebral edema, no herniation.. - Right frontotemporal subcutaneous hematoma.. - Fracture of the middle stage of the base of the skull (and contact emphysema of soft tissues) with:• Fracture of the left temporal section extending to the left petrous bone with an extralabyrinthic trajectory (integrity of ossicular chain) and damage to the tegmen tympanii. Pneumencephalus at this point (osteomeningeal breach very likely);• The line then extends to the sphenoid via the anterior part of the carotid canal followed by the antero-inferior and right lateral walls of the sphenoid sinus (with hemosinus and intrasinus bone fragment).• And at the front, ...
The Orlando Head Injury attorneys at Vaughan Law Group are AV rated by Martindale Hubble.This means that peer lawyers have acknowledged Vaughan Law Group excellence in both competency and ethics.Listed below are general items of information concerning the area of head injury law. In order to obtain more specific indications of the credentials of the Orlando head injury attorneys at Vaughan Law Group the viewer should peruse this website. Specific cases, both past and present, are discussed herein. The viewer can review the credentials of the attorneys at Vaughan Law Group as well as note some of the more recent successes of the firm. The Orlando head injury lawyers at Vaughan Law Group, in order to determine whether representation may be beneficial, will conduct client interviews at no charge to the potential client.. Traumatic Head injuries are the leading death for persons under the age of 45 in the United States. Traumatic Brain injuries, or TBI, occur roughly every 15 seconds. Between 4 and ...
When presented with a child with head injury it is important for doctors to determine whether there is any evidence that a brain or other intracranial injury is present or is likely to have occurred.. The mechanism of injury is important in determining the probability of the presence or absence of significant head injury. As detailed earlier, road traffic accidents and falls from a height are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Similarly, being hit by a solid object with a high velocity, particularly golf clubs and stones, must be taken seriously. The large amount of energy imparted over a small area considerably increases the chance of skull fracture and underlying local brain injury. Often these fractures are depressed. Similarly, potential penetrating injuries, such as those sustained if a child is hit with a dart, are easy to underestimate. Although the external evidence of injury can often be minimal in these situations, the potential for underlying intracranial problems is ...
Non-Accidental Head Injury describes an injury to a childs brain that is unexplained. This is caused by the moving of the brain inside of the skull.
Non-accidental head injury (NAHI), also termed the shaken baby syndrome, is a major cause of death and severe neurological dysfunction in children under three years of age, but it is debated whether shaking alone is sufficient to produce brain injury and mortality or whether an additional head impact is required. In an attempt to resolve this question, we used a lamb model of NAHI since these animals have a relatively large gyrencephalic brain and weak neck muscles resembling those of a human infant. Three anaesthetised lambs of lower body weight than others in the experimental group died unexpectedly after being shaken, proving that shaking alone can be lethal. In these lambs, axonal injury, neuronal reaction and albumin extravasation were widely distributed in the hemispheric white matter, brainstem and at the craniocervical junction, and of much greater magnitude than in higher body weight lambs which did not die. Moreover, in the eyes of these shaken lambs, there was damage to retinal ...
The New Orleans Criteria is a clinical decision tool for whether a CT scan is indicated after head trauma. Often contrasted and compared with the Canadian CT Head Rule, which is similar in sensitivity, but differs somewhat in specificity, with CCHR performing better. More on the comparison of the two in this article (abstract) by Papa et al…
The Confidential Enquiry provides a detailed description of the cause, pattern and severity of childhood head injuries in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It confirms that the majority of children had a minor head injury and were admitted for 24 h or less. One in 10 children had an intracranial injury or skull fracture. The mortality rate was 1 in 250, predominantly among victims of MVAs or abusive head trauma.. The proportion of children with minor head injury remains similar to previous studies described in a systematic review which gave a range of 76-92%.20 This has changed little over the past 25 years2 ,4 and represents a significant workload for health services. It is increasingly recognised that children with mild traumatic brain injury can have cognitive impairment or post-concussion syndrome21 ,22 and must be carefully assessed and given appropriate post-head-injury advice to identify and minimise sequelae.23. The peak prevalence was in children younger than a year, which differed ...
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) - Use of a decision aid can improve parent knowledge for children with minor head injury at intermediate risk of clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI), according to a study published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Network Open.. Erik P. Hess, M.D., from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and colleagues compared a decision aid with usual care in parents of children at intermediate risk for ciTBI. A total of 172 clinicians caring for 971 children with minor head trauma were randomized to shared decision-making facilitated by the Head CT Choice decision aid or usual care (493 and 478, respectively).. The researchers found that, compared with usual care, parents in the decision aid arm had greater knowledge (mean questions correct, 6.2 versus 5.3), exhibited less decisional conflict (mean decisional conflict score, 14.8 versus 19.2), and were more involved in computed tomography decision-making (observing patient involvement score: mean, 25.0 ...
Patient Presentation A 12-year-old male was transported by ambulance to the emergency room after he was riding an all-terrain vehicle and hit a tree at an unknown speed. He was wearing a helmet but there was significant trauma to the helmet. He was initially agitated and somewhat conscious with a Glascow Coma Scale (GCS) of…
After Julio Rafael Parucho suffered a serious head injury a year ago, doctors removed a quarter of his brain. But because of a shortage of doctors, Julio, 32, has had to wait a year for a follow-up operation. The economic crisis in Venezuela, where Julio lives, has exploded into a public health emergency. Luis Razetti Hospital, where @meridithkohut photographed Julio, is a battlefield clinic in a country where there is no war. Even among Venezuelas failing hospitals, Luis Razetti has become one of the most notorious. For the past 2 and a half months, the hospital hasnt had a way to print X-rays, so patients must use a smartphone to take a picture of their scans. Meanwhile, the pharmacy has bare shelves. When patients need treatment, doctors give relatives a list of medicines, solutions and other items to track down from black-market sellers. Visit the link in our profile to read more. By nytimes on Instagram.. ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Acute rupture of an arachnoid cyst after a minor head injury. by Christopher A. Lipinski et al.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Traumatic retropharyngeal hematoma after a minor head injury. AU - Tsai, Shih Hung. AU - Hsu, Chin Wang. AU - Chu, Shi Jye. PY - 2008/2. Y1 - 2008/2. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=43149088037&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=43149088037&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1097/01.ta.0000224103.28021.53. DO - 10.1097/01.ta.0000224103.28021.53. M3 - Article. C2 - 18301228. AN - SCOPUS:43149088037. VL - 64. SP - 539. JO - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. JF - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. SN - 2163-0755. IS - 2. ER - ...
It is estimated that 95% of severe intracranial injuries and 64% of all head injuries in children 1 year of age or younger are caused by violence inflicted by parents or caretakers. Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a spectrum, ranging from mild injury from sub-lethal abuse that can cause lethargy, irritability, poor feeding, and/or vomiting occurring for days or weeks, to the most severe injury leading to coma and/or death. The great tragedy is that AHT, and especially shaken baby syndrome, is thought to be somewhat preventable through in-hospital and aftercare parent education programs. This course will outline the identification and treatment of various forms of pediatric AHT. In addition, recommendations for identifying and reporting abuse are given.
Patients sustaining severe head injury require use of standardized treatment protocols, most of them focused on the maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure. Among other goals, neurologic recovery can be expected if a satisfactory...
Acute posttraumatic period of severe craniocerebral trauma is associated with sharp activation of LPO processes and rapid exhaustion of antioxidant enzymes and especially low-molecular-weight antioxidant system in the liquor. This leads to the development of severe oxidative stress and ...read more ...
Mellanby R.J., Jeffery N.D., Gopal M.S., et al. , 2005. 7(2): p.135-9. An 18-month-old female neutered domestic short hair cat was examined because of marked
Discussing CNS injury and physical abuse inevitably leads to a discussion of abusive head trauma (AHT), previously referred to as shaken baby syndrome (SBS) or shaking-impact syndrome.{ref13} The orig... more
Abusive head trauma refers to the constellation of cranial, spinal cord, and brain injuries which result from inflicted injury in infants and young children. Diagnosis rests on the finding of unexplained injury to the skull, brain, and/or spinal cord in an infant who has no other medical explanat...
Children seen in the emergency department with a recent history of minor blunt head trauma who are found to have a normal computed tomography (CT) scans do not require hospitalization for further observation, according to a large, national multi-center study published online today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.. Each year in the United States, blunt head trauma in children results in approximately 3,000 deaths, 50,000 hospitalizations, and 650,000 emergency department (ED) visits. Trauma of all kind is a leading cause of death in children older than 1 year. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for more than 70% of fatal childhood injuries. Children often are admitted to the hospital for additional observation after blunt head trauma to allow frequent neurologic examinations. However, studies in adults have found that neurological problems following minor blunt head trauma are rare and that hospitalization after a normal cranial CT scan is unnecessary.. James Homes, MD, professor of ...
The forefoot is a very common area of injury in your patients that are runners, have recently changed their footwear or taken up a new sport. This next video series Forefoot injuries - Advanced Management follows on from the first video series, building on your knowledge of anatomy, testing and treatment skills. (If you havent enjoyed the video series Forefoot Injuries yet, you will find it really helpful to watch video 01 prior to this Advanced series).. In Forefoot - Advanced Injury Management, Nick will take you through. ...
Brain Surgery - Severe Head Injury with Surgical Craniotomy. This full color custom medical exhibit shows various steps of a surgical craniotomy procedure performed to evacuate a large right sided subdural hematoma. The initial image is an axial (cut) view of the pre-operative condition. The craniotomy is shown in four steps including the creation of a scalp flap, the removal of a section of the skull (cranium), the opening of the dura and the suctioning off of the underlying hematoma (blood).
Context: Pain education is a fundamental part of a holistic approach to athlete injury management. Objective: To investigate the effect of pain neuroscience education (PNE) on sports therapy and rehabilitation students (1) knowledge of persistent pain, (2) attitudes toward athletes with persistent pain, and (3) clinical recommendations for athletes with persistent pain. Design: Parallel groups, single-blind randomized control trial. Setting: A university in the United Kingdom. Participants: Sixty-one undergraduate and postgraduate sports therapy and rehabilitation students. Interventions: The PNE session (intervention group) provided detailed information on the neuroscience of persistent pain, the modulating role of psychosocial factors on pain biology, and how this information could be used to inform clinical practice. The red flags (control group) session provided information on screening patients with persistent pain for serious/sinister pathologies. Each education session lasted 70 minutes. ...
The National Diploma in Sports Massage & Injury Management is a post-graduate course taught part-time over a five month period. The subject matter is as follows: ? Classic & Advanced Massage Stroke...
Essentials of Athletic Injury Management, 9780078022753,9780078022753,1259511898,9781259511899, William Prentice, McGraw-Hill Higher Education - eBook Available on RedShelf
Study Flashcards On athletic injury management exam 3 at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Kupte si knihu Essentials of Athletic Injury Management : Prentice, William, : 9781259912474 za nejlep cenu se slevou. Pod vejte se i na dal z mili n zahrani n ch knih v na nab dce. Zas l me rychle a levn po R.
An electrode device is disclosed comprising a deformable envelope, further comprising recording electrodes and a pressure recording port. The device allows for monitoring of brain retraction pressure and local cortical electrical activity including DC potential, as well as redistribution of the force applied during retraction and cushioning of the rigid edges of the brain retractor, thereby diminishing the chance of focal brain injury during surgery. Retraction pressure recorded is equal over the full area of contact. A means is disclosed for optional evacuation of air from the system to improve accuracy and fidelity of the pressure measurements. Local brain hypothermia may be induced via the bladder and attached catheter, thereby providing additional neuroprotection during brain retraction. The device also allows for measurement of intracranial pressure, DC potential, EEG and, optionally, other physiologic parameters in epileptic and severe head trauma patients for management of edema and injury.
Abusive head trauma is a common cause of death and traumatic brain injury in young children. Computed tomographic (CT) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can identify children who have suffered abusive head trauma, but identifying children who need these studies is often difficult. When clear signs of inflicted head trauma are present, investigation is certainly indicated. In the absence of clear evidence, however, it is more difficult to determine when imaging is appropriate. Laskey and associates reviewed the current standards of evaluation for abusive head trauma among children with suspected physical abuse as evidenced by an order for a skeletal survey.. The authors reviewed the medical records of 51 children up to to 48 months of age who had skeletal surveys for suspected abuse and who had no evidence of head trauma. Outcomes examined included the following: (1) imaging by CT or MRI; (2) dilated fundoscopic examination performed by an ophthalmologist; and (3) any positive results ...
Every year, upwards of 1.4 million Americans experience a brain injury, as indicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Head injuries in adults can be caused by anything from a crash to a fall in the shower. In consideration of the fact that some brain injuries in adults can be hard to notice, especially those that are purported as mild wounds, they are regularly misdiagnosed or neglected. People often used words like head trauma, head injury, brain injury, and traumatic brain injury and even allude to some injuries to the head as a bump or a blow. Brain injuries in adults can vary from mild to severe, and the symptoms can be indistinct. In agreement with Vani Rao, MD, Director, Brain Injury Program, and Neuropsychiatrist, There is no such thing as a mild head injury. Its a misnomer. The truth is, you dont need to involved in a serious accident to endure a brain damage. Some frequent reasons of brain injuries in adults include falls, car crashes, workplace ...
Definition of the term Traumatic Cerebral Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the CEREBRAL CORTEX; CORPUS CALLOSUM; BASAL GANGLIA, or subcortical white matter following CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY, cerebral
This paper is Part I of a 2-part series to describe the background and methodology for the Canadian C-Spine Rule study to develop a clinical decision rule for rational imaging in alert and stable trauma patients. Current use of radiography is inefficient and variable, in part because there has been a lack of evidence-based guidelines to assist emergency physicians. Clinical decision rules are research-based decision-making tools that incorporate 3 or more variables from the history, physical examination or simple tests. The Canadian CT Head and C-Spine (CCC) Study is a large collaborative effort to develop clinical decision rules for the use of CT head in minor head injury and for the use of cervical spine radiography in alert and stable trauma victims. Part I details the background and rationale for the development of the Canadian C-Spine Rule. Part II will describe in detail the objectives and methods of the Canadian C-Spine Rule study. ...
Not content with producing evidence-based clinical guidelines for trauma management e.g. Head Injury Management, NICE are taking on the whole Trauma System. NICE have recently published new guidelines for fractures, complex fractures, spinal injury assessment, major trauma and major trauma service delivery. Yes, there is now a NICE guideline that covers the organisation and provision of major trauma services in pre-hospital and hospital settings, including ambulance services, emergency departments, major trauma centres and trauma units. ...
Also, dont assume that if your kid wears a helmet, his head is going to be safe. Youve got to use common sense too. As Nicholas Day pointed out in a 2011 Slate article on why he wont make his kids wear sledding helmets, head injuries are to some extent avoidable with good parental decision-making. Whats called for are more common-sense instructions from parents to their kids, not another layer of padding, he writes. Dont let your kid sled near trees or roads or tons of other people. Dont let your kid bike or use a scooter or skateboard in busy traffic. Speak up if your kids coaches are making them do risky practice drills that involve head collisions, or if they are allowed to head the ball when they play soccer: the American Youth Soccer Organization encourages coaches to not teach or practice heading to kids under the age of 10. Finally, if your kids play sports in which head injuries are common-these include football, soccer, hockey, rugby and basketball-you might put them on a neck ...
Warning Signs and Treatment for Social Phobia In Children, What are the Symptoms of Jaundice In Children and Its Treatment, Symptoms Of Calcium Deficiency In Children: Causes And Treatment. Medically reviewed by Joel Gator Warsh, MD. Goose eggs can be hard or soft, depending on the surface the child hit, … This. Before kids are walking or cruising, a head injury is most likely to be due to a fall from, say, a changing table. Wait for 30 minutes. How to treat your babys head bump. : You are likely on blood thinners. In Natasha Richardsons case, she had an epidural hematoma (bl… Head injuries can happen at any age. The biomechanics of head injuries are different by age, adds Dr. Powell. Still, falls are the number-one cause of accidental injury in children, and 1 in 3 of these accidents is preventable. A. School, play. This bump on the head, or goose egg, may take days or weeks to go away. The goose egg will change colour from blue, to … My 3 yr old daughter fell out of a wagon at school ...
The injuries where a closed craniocerebral trauma of a mild degree was diagnosed, brain concussion, stab wound of the lumbar region to the left with damage to the intercostal artery, a through injury of the aorta, closed abdominal injury and rupture of the right lobe of the liver. Despite the efforts of physicians, who for several days fought for the life of the victim, the woman was not able to save. ...
Translator Dictionary Conjugation Phrases Games More by bab. Minor head trauma in infants companies or products. Look up in Linguee Concussion Auf Deutsch and children: Evaluation.. Mayo Clinic does not endorse as a translation of concussion. Mayo Clinic; When bicycling, motorcycling, in Romanian - but only after hed been so badly her sleep.. Effects are usually temporary but phrases in comprehensive, reliable bilingual OK to let him or beaten [ Concussion care at. Yes - he went on snowboarding or engaging in Vixen Dc Serie sind oder die Glocken luten hren, aber was ist Shameless Folgen. Wenn Kinder eine Gehirnerschtterung haben, sagen wir, dass sie ramponiert dictionaries and search through billions in head injury, wear protective.. Esterov D The Man In The High Castle Staffel 4 Starttermin opinion.. Linguee Look up words and child wants to nap, its Copy. Seit nunmehr 18 Jahren spielt Kavazi, 30) und Philip (Jrn bilduntonfabrik zu verdanken, der Produktionsfirma, in der Daily Soap Arabische ...
Edmonds Washington physician directory -In the U.S., head injuries are a common cause of disability and death. Read about head injury (traumatic brain injury) symptoms, treatment, criterion, types, recovery, and more.
Brockton Massachusetts physician directory -In the U.S., head injuries are a common cause of disability and death. Read about head injury (traumatic brain injury) symptoms, treatment, criterion, types, recovery, and more.
Detlav IE (1976). "[Anti-brain antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid following cranio-cerebral trauma]". Zhurnal ...
Dykan was diagnosed with multiple facial bones fractures, craniocerebral trauma and brain concussion. He went on to miss the ...
The official cause of death was "asphyxia by strangulation associated with craniocerebral trauma." There was no evidence of ... "asphyxia by strangulation associated with craniocerebral trauma". Her death was ruled a homicide. The case generated nationwide ...
"NEUROSURGICAL WATCH SHEET FOR CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA : Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery". LWW. Retrieved 2020-12-14. ... Also, doctors recognized that after head trauma, many patients had poor recovery. This led to a concern that patients were not ... Second, the GCS was included in the first version of Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS), which expanded the number of centers ... Collicott, P. E.; Hughes, I. (1980-03-21). "Training in advanced trauma life support". JAMA. 243 (11): 1156-1159. doi:10.1001/ ...
Pešić had to have his kidney removed, and Šešum suffered severe craniocerebral trauma from the kick to the head. The murder was ...
Subject of scientific works: brain tumors, craniocerebral traumas, herniated intervertebral discs, neurosurgical aspects of ...
Other sources provided different diagnosis - 'closed craniocerebral trauma, concussion of the brain, closed chest trauma, ... slaughter of the chest, slaughter of the lumbar spine, blunt abdominal trauma'. On February 9, 2015 the fights for the village ...
... with a serious craniocerebral trauma and fracture of the back; he was taken to the intensive care unit of the 1469th Naval ...
An emergency doctor gave the cause of death as "open, cranio-cerebral trauma following traffic accident," injuries that he said ...
... closed cranio-cerebral trauma, cerebral contusion, and closed chest trauma, contusion of the heart and lungs and contusion of ...
... on ECT have evolved from an early suggestion that the biochemical basis of ECT is similar to that of craniocerebral trauma ...
... craniocerebral trauma MeSH C21.866.915.300.200 - brain injuries MeSH C21.866.915.300.200.150 - brain concussion MeSH C21.866. ... cumulative trauma disorders MeSH C21.866.844.150.206 - carpal tunnel syndrome MeSH C21.866.844.150.957 - ulnar nerve ... cerebrovascular trauma MeSH C21.866.915.200.200 - carotid artery injuries MeSH C21.866.915.200.200.500 - carotid artery, ...
It is caused by damage to the pons or upper medulla caused by strokes or trauma. Specifically, concurrent removal of input from ... It causes craniocerebral injury. Apneustic center About brain injury and functions. ...
Problems after delivery can include severe prematurity, severe lung or heart disease, serious infections, trauma to the brain ... 1992). "Psychological counseling of the family of patients with craniocerebral injuries (psychological family counseling of ... 2002). "The effect of severe traumatic brain injury on the family". Journal of Trauma. 52 (6): 1121-4. doi:10.1097/00005373- ...
CT in Head Trauma" Head Trauma at Emedicine.com Skull Fractures at MedPix. ... also known as a craniocerebral erosion or leptomeningeal cyst due to the usual development of a cystic mass filled with ... Due to the trauma, diastatic fracture occurs with the collapse of the surrounding head bones. It crushes the delicate tissue, ... It can also be caused by the skull rotating while being struck in a case of blunt force trauma, the skull rotating while ...
"Head Trauma." Emedicine.com. Retrieved on January 26, 2007. *^ Paterson CR, Burns J, McAllion SJ (January 1993). "Osteogenesis ... A growing skull fracture (GSF) also known as a craniocerebral erosion or leptomeningeal cyst[9] due to the usual development of ... Irabor PF, Akhigbe AO (2010). "Leptomeningeal cyst in a child after head trauma: a case report". West Afr J Med. 29: 44-6. PMID ... The common cause of injury is blunt force trauma where the impact energy transferred over a wide area of the skull.[citation ...
J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Sep;31 Suppl 4:S24-S32. Aarabi B, Sansur CA, Ibrahimi DM et al. Intramedullary Lesion Length on ... An Introduction to the Treatment of Craniocerebral Battle Wounds (1987) Beyond Coma: Brain Death (1993) Missile Injuries of the ... He is Professor of Neurosurgery at University of Maryland and the Director of Neurotrauma at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma ... where he was appointed as the Director of Neurotrauma at R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center. In the beginning of his career, ...
Kopshev, SN (1982). "Craniocerebral hypothermia in the prevention and combined therapy of cerebral pathology in infants with ... Hypothermia reduces vasogenic oedema, haemorrhage and neutrophil infiltration after trauma. The release of excitatory ...
2002). "The effect of severe traumatic brain injury on the family". Journal of Trauma. 52 (6): 1121-4. doi:10.1097/00005373- ... 1992). "Psychological counseling of the family of patients with craniocerebral injuries (psychological family counseling of ... Problems after delivery can include severe prematurity, severe lung or heart disease, serious infections, trauma to the brain ...
Learn more about Craniocerebral Trauma from related diseases, pathways, genes and PTMs with the Novus Bioinformatics Tool. ... Craniocerebral Trauma is also known as Trauma, Craniocerebral, Trauma, Head, Craniocerebral Injuries, Craniocerebral Injury, ... Craniocerebral Trauma: Disease Bioinformatics. Research of Craniocerebral Trauma has been linked to Brain Injuries, Comatose, ... Explore more on Craniocerebral Trauma below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.. ...
... had mild craniocerebral trauma in 44.7% of cases, moderate trauma in 6.4%, and severe trauma in 0.5%. Victims without records ... one trauma per patient. They all had head trauma, as well as trauma to the jaw, face and neck. Eye and dental trauma also ... Table 2 presents the victims of motorcycle accidents with craniocerebral trauma in relation to the severity of trauma assessed ... Relating the helmet use with the severity of craniocerebral trauma in injured motorcyclists treated at a trauma hospital. ...
Craniocerebral Trauma:complications, Humans, Meningitis, Bacte. : Craniocerebral trauma is one of major risk factors for ... We reviewed 30 cases of bacterial meningitis occurring in community after craniocerebral trauma. Alcohol abuse was significant ... Bacterial meningitis after craniocerebral trauma in the community. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2007 Nov; 28(Suppl 3): 12-13 ... risk factor occurring in trauma patients with meningitis present in 50% in our cohort (p=0.0001). The most common pathogen in ...
... the number of elderly people with craniocerebral injury (CCT) who are referred for... ... Karimi-Nejad A., Tritz W. (1984) Sequelae and Prognosis of Craniocerebral Trauma in Elderly People. In: Piotrowski W., Brock M ... the number of elderly people with craniocerebral injury (CCT) who are referred for neurosurgical treatment will continue to ...
50 cases of accident-induced craniocerebral trauma with secondary facial paralysis were divided randomly into an acupuncture ... Acupuncture Treatment of Facial Paralysis Caused by Craniocerebral Trauma in 50 Cases. ... Acupuncture Treatment of Facial Paralysis Caused by Craniocerebral Trauma in 50 Cases ...
The effect of permissive hypercapnia on cerebral oxygen metabolism and brain function in patients with craniocerebral trauma ... Permissive hypercapnia, Craniocerebral trauma, Cerebral oxygen metabolism, Brain function.. Introduction. Craniocerebral trauma ... For anesthesia of patients with severe craniocerebral trauma, CMRO2 of the brain tissue is an important parameter [14]. By ... In anesthesia for neurosurgical patients with severe craniocerebral trauma, in the premise of not affecting the oxygen uptake ...
Craniocerebral trauma. The concussive and shearing stresses of head injury may cause concussion, contusion of the brain (most ... Trauma. Damage to the spinal cord may result from spinal fractures or dislocations. The severity of damage varies with the ... Trauma. Traumatic and mechanical injuries can affect all levels of the nervous system. Serious head injuries can lead to ... The most common disorders affecting the spine are degenerative, most often following trauma such as hard labour or whiplash. In ...
"Craniocerebral Trauma" by people in this website by year, and whether "Craniocerebral Trauma" was a major or minor topic of ... "Craniocerebral Trauma" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Craniocerebral Trauma" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Craniocerebral Trauma". ...
Craniocerebral trauma includes various craniocerebral injury, fracture lesion could be palpated, including fractured skull, ...
Craniocerebral trauma, Pulmonary edema, Renal injury Методы медицинской визуализации при неотложных состояниях: общий канал для ...
Craniocerebral trauma, Pulmonary edema, Renal injury Medical imaging in emergency: collaborative channel of Imaios members All ...
... were assayed in children with recent craniocerebral trauma (CCT)... ... craniocerebral trauma autoantibodies to glutamate receptors nitric oxide Translated from Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii imeni ... were assayed in children with recent craniocerebral trauma (CCT) of different levels of severity. All the children showed ... to Glutamate Receptors and Products of Nitric Oxide Metabolism in Serum in Children in the Acute Phase of Craniocerebral Trauma ...
Cranio-cerebral injury in multiple system trauma. Frowein, R. A. Frowein, R. A. Less ... Complete Disruption of Axillary Artery Caused by Severe Atherosclerosis and Trivial Nonpenetrating Trauma. CLEVELAND, JOSEPH C ... The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. 19(8):551-555, August 1979. ... The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. 19(8):556-558, August 1979. ...
Diseases of the brain, head and neck, spine : diagnostic imaging and interventional techniques : 36th International Diagnostic Meeting, March 27-April 2, 2004, Davos, Switzerland ...
Craniocerebral trauma; Diffuse axonal injury; Magnetic resonance imaging; Motivation; Psychology; Psychosocial aspects ...
... the 9th China craniocerebral trauma forum was held in Xi an. The forum awarded the teams and individuals that had made ... former Chairman of world neurosurgery trauma, chief scientist of EUs Global Craniocerebral Trauma Cooperation Plan ANDREW MASS ... The neurosurgery team of the First Affiliated Hospital was awarded EUs Global Craniocerebral Trauma Cooperation Plan. ... Recently, the 9th China craniocerebral trauma forum was held in Xi an. The forum awarded the teams and individuals that had ...
Cranio-cerebral trauma. DS021x, DS061, DS062x, DS063x, DS064x, DS065x, DS066x, DS067x, DS068x, DS071x ... Preventability of trauma deaths in a Dutch Level-1 trauma Centre. Injury. 2011;42(9):870-3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Prehospital trauma systems reduce mortality in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Trauma Acute Care ... Trauma was defined as ICD-10 trauma diagnoses with an inhospital survival probability ≤0.941 based on pooled data from nearly 4 ...
X. Craniocerebral trauma. General principles of craniocerebral trauma and traumatic hematomas / Jack Jallo and Raj K. Narayan ... X. Craniocerebral trauma. General principles of craniocerebral trauma and traumatic hematomas / Jack Jallo and Raj K. Narayan ... Surgical management of cranial trauma / Karin S. Bierbrauer --. Venous sinus repair during the treatment of meningiomas / Marc ... trauma, infections, and more."@en ;. schema:description "Endoscopic third ventriculostomy / Kerry Crone -- Sect. XII. Central ...
The clinical applications of titanium mesh multi-point forming shaping in craniocerebral trauma patients. ... The clinical applications of titanium mesh multi-point forming shaping in craniocerebral trauma patients. Together they form a ...
... trauma in the pregnant patient; imaging pediatric craniocerebral trauma; and penetrating trauma to the torso and chest. ... Divides the contents of the book into two sections-trauma and non-trauma-to mirror the way you practice. Organizes the material ... Lecture Notes: Radiology contains new and updated images and illustrations, an expansion of the skeletal trauma section, Key ... including radiation concerns when using total body CT for trauma assessment; ...
Stippler M. Craniocerebral trauma. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradleys Neurology in Clinical ... Head trauma. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosens Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ...
Stippler M. Craniocerebral trauma. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradleys Neurology in Clinical ...
Craniocerebral Trauma. Trauma, Nervous System. Hormones. Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists. Physiological ...
Craniocerebral Trauma. Trauma, Nervous System. Wounds and Injuries. Pain. Neurologic Manifestations. Signs and Symptoms. Stress ... Those who are trauma exposed and do not meet criteria for Chronic Pain and PTSD will be assigned to the trauma-exposed control ... Finally, healthy, trauma-exposed control participants with a maximum of one major depressive episode in their past will be ... Active Comparator: Trauma-exposed healthy control group This group will receive baseline and endpoint maximum load exercise ...
Symptoms had their onset after trauma, or there is a significant worsening or preexisting symptoms after trauma. ... Three of more of the following symptoms, which started shortly after the trauma and persist for at least up to the time of ...
Craniocerebral Trauma. Trauma, Nervous System. Cognition Disorders. Neurocognitive Disorders. Mental Disorders. Stress ... A Policy Relevant US Trauma Care System Pragmatic Trial for PTSD and Comorbidity (TSOS6). The safety and scientific validity of ... Trauma Survivors Outcomes and Support (TSOS) Drug Use Items [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3-month, 6-month, 12-month ]. *Cognitive ... Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders. Disease Attributes. Suicide. Self-Injurious Behavior. Chemically-Induced Disorders. ...
Craniocerebral Trauma / complications * Craniocerebral Trauma / diagnostic imaging* * Female * Humans * Infant * Male * Middle ...
Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology * Craniocerebral Trauma / prevention & control * Cumulative Trauma Disorders / ...
Craniocerebral Trauma:complications, Humans, Meningitis, Bacte. Citation : Craniocerebral trauma is one of major risk factors ... Bacterial meningitis after craniocerebral trauma in the community.. Holeckova K, Kolenova A, Lesnakova A, Steno J, Streharova A ... Bacterial meningitis after craniocerebral trauma in the community. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2007 Nov; 28(Suppl 3): 12-13 ...
  • Among the 51.6% of motorcyclists who used the protective gear, 86.6% had mild craniocerebral trauma, 12.4% had moderate, and 1% severe. (scielo.br)
  • Victims without records of the situation of helmet use had severe trauma (p≤0.000). (scielo.br)
  • Director of Neurosurgery Trauma Department of the First Affiliated Hospital Dong Bin was invited to give speech on diagnosis and treatment of severe and complicated craniocerebral trauma. (acasc.cn)
  • How to raise the quality of life of discharged patients with moderate or severe craniocerebral trauma , how to improve their social adaptive ability and reduce occurrence of complications constitute key researches in neurosurgery care. (bvsalud.org)
  • Disturbances in respiration commonly accompany severe craniocerebral injuries. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Pulmonary infection and pulmonary edema are common findings at autopsy in patients who succumb from severe cranio-cerebral trauma. (jamanetwork.com)
  • 0.05) in the patients of moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder. (bireme.br)
  • The agreeableness and conscientiousness scores in the patients of moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder were significantly lower than that of mild craniocerebral trauma, and the patients of severe craniocerebral trauma had a lower score in extraversion than in the patients of mild craniocerebral trauma. (bireme.br)
  • With severe head trauma, blood pressure autoregulation can be lost focally or globally as well as partially or completely. (vetstream.com)
  • An initial hyperdynamic cardiovascular response to severe head trauma, leads to elevations in blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output which is sympathetically mediated. (vetstream.com)
  • Complications in facial trauma. (umassmed.edu)
  • Inappropriate treatment can lead to serious complications, even many years after the trauma. (isciii.es)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of permissive hypercapnia on Cerebral Oxygen Metabolism (COM) and brain function in patients with craniocerebral trauma surgery. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Objective To provide theoretic support for preventing traumatic arterial and venous cerebral infarction after craniocerebral trauma by probing into the related risk factors . (bvsalud.org)
  • 50 mm Hg, vasodilatation ensues, and cerebral blood flow decreases and becomes dependent on MABP, in head trauma patients. (vetstream.com)
  • As life expectancy increases together with motorisation and the danger of accidents, and as medicine improves, the number of elderly people with craniocerebral injury (CCT) who are referred for neurosurgical treatment will continue to increase. (springer.com)
  • The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. (lww.com)
  • The study team also anticipates that readily identifiable baseline clinical, injury and demographic characteristics will be associated with persistent PTSD symptoms over time (e.g., higher PTSD symptom levels, greater pre-injury trauma exposure, intentional injury including firearm related injury mechanisms and other characteristics such as unemployment, as well as other baseline factors). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Traumatic axonal injury is a primary brain abnormality in head trauma and is characterized by reduction of fractional anisotropy (FA) on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). (ajnr.org)
  • Bacterial meningitis after craniocerebral trauma in the community. (nel.edu)
  • Craniocerebral trauma is one of major risk factors for development of meningitis. (nel.edu)
  • We reviewed 30 cases of bacterial meningitis occurring in community after craniocerebral trauma. (nel.edu)
  • Alcohol abuse was significant risk factor occurring in trauma patients with meningitis present in 50% in our cohort (p=0.0001). (nel.edu)
  • However mortality was very low, only 5% probably because of early diagnosis and treatment of patients at risk for bacterial meningitis but neurologic sequellea were significantly more common (p=0.00001) in patients after craniocerebral trauma. (nel.edu)
  • Recurrent meningitis by Streptococcus pneumoniae in a girl with cochlear implant and head trauma despite 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Herein, we reported recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a patient with a cochlear implant who experienced a head trauma after being fully vaccinated with PCV13. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Multiple chronic conditions including enduring PTSD, alcohol and drug use problems, depression and associated suicidal ideation, pain and somatic symptom amplification, and chronic medical conditions (e.g., hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes, and pulmonary diseases) are endemic among physical trauma survivors with and without traumatic brain injuries (TBI). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Craniocerebral Trauma" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (wakehealth.edu)
  • I. V. Gannushkina, Immunological Aspects of Trauma and Vascular Brain Lesions [in Russian], Meditsina, Moscow (1974). (springer.com)
  • The main objective was to summarize the current evidence on blood-based GFAP as a potential screening test for acute CT-positive intracranial lesions following head trauma. (frontiersin.org)
  • Twenty-four (89%) studies reported a positive association between GFAP level and acute trauma-related intracranial lesions on head CT. (frontiersin.org)
  • Intracranial CT-positive trauma lesions were associated with elevated GFAP levels in the majority of studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, typical chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) had developed by 9 months after the head trauma. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In a three-year period in Central Denmark Region, all patients hospitalized within 24 h after a 1-1-2 emergency call and who subsequently received either a PPU or a PUB (hereinafter combined and referred to as PPU/PUB) or a First Hour Quintet (FHQ: respiratory failure, stroke, trauma, cardiac chest pain, and cardiac arrest) diagnosis were investigated. (springer.com)
  • Relating the helmet use with the severity of craniocerebral trauma in injured motorcyclists treated at a trauma hospital. (scielo.br)
  • The Glasgow Coma Scale was used to characterize the severity of trauma. (scielo.br)
  • This scale determines the severity of craniocerebral trauma by quantifying the neurologic findings that result from the score sum of the eye opening assessment, verbal response and motor response, evaluating the depth and clinical duration of unconsciousness and coma. (scielo.br)
  • Levels of serum autoantibodies (aAb) to glutamate receptors and products of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism, i.e., nitrates and nitrites, were assayed in children with recent craniocerebral trauma (CCT) of different levels of severity. (springer.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The severity of craniocerebral trauma is closely related to the incidence of organic personality disorder, and it also affects the clinical features of the latter, which provides a certain significance and help for forensic psychiatric assessment. (bireme.br)
  • 13. *Dickman CA, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH, Zabramski JM: Pediatric Spinal Trauma: Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Injuries in Children. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The initial evaluation of patients who are victims of craniocerebral trauma includes the Glasgow Coma Scale, data related to the accident and computerized tomography. (scielo.br)
  • however, decompressive craniectomy (DC) remains a common practice at many trauma centers. (springer.com)
  • METHODS: According to the International Classification of Diseases-10, 396 subjects with craniocerebral trauma caused by traffic accidents were diagnosed, and the degrees of craniocerebral trauma were graded. (bireme.br)
  • Each year in the United States (US), over 30 million individuals present to trauma centers, emergency departments, and other acute care medical settings for the treatment of physical injuries. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A tertiary examination is essential to help ensure that initially missed, incompletely evaluated, or inapparent injuries are identified and managed.Up to 4% of patients will have missed injuries at Level I trauma centers. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Karimi-Nejad A., Tritz W. (1984) Sequelae and Prognosis of Craniocerebral Trauma in Elderly People. (springer.com)
  • Tinnitus and associated handicap related to acoustic trauma sequelae have never been assessed in the French artillery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, blood-based GFAP holds promise as a means of screening for acute traumatic CT-positive lesion following head trauma. (frontiersin.org)
  • Dykan was diagnosed with multiple facial bones fractures, craniocerebral trauma and brain concussion. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Retrospective Review of Facial Trauma. (umassmed.edu)
  • Hypoxemia Hypoxemia is usually associated with hyperventilation and may be due in part to the abnormal breathing patterns seen after head trauma. (vetstream.com)
  • The overarching goal of this UH2-UH3 proposal is to work with the NIH Health Care Systems Research Collaboratory to develop and implement a large scale, cluster randomized pragmatic clinical trial demonstration project that directly informs national trauma care system policy targeting injured patients with presentations of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and related comorbidity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • OBJECTIVES: To explore the occurrence and the differences of clinical manifestations of organic personality disorder with varying degrees of craniocerebral trauma. (bireme.br)
  • However, the modern day forensic pathologist, along with his or her clinical trauma service colleagues, plays a related role in identifying patterns of injuries and mechanisms of death that can aid in understanding the circumstances of a motor vehicle collision event. (medscape.com)
  • Forensic Psychiatric Assessment for Organic Personality Disorders after Craniocerebral Trauma]. (bireme.br)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. (lww.com)
  • Craniocerebral trauma surgery is a major component of the neurosurgical emergency surgeries. (alliedacademies.org)
  • 1 At least 80% of traumatic head injuries consist of mild head trauma. (ajnr.org)
  • Her specialties include Trauma Surgery and Surgery. (vitals.com)
  • Trauma surgeons treat patients who come to emergency rooms and require surgery after any kind of accident. (vitals.com)
  • This article is part of the Topical Collection on Trauma Surgery . (springer.com)
  • They suffer from a condition called dysexecutive syndrome, which is often caused by craniocerebral trauma or a stroke. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although the importance of respiratory abnormalities in patients with craniocerebral injuries has been acknowledged, few physiological studies have been made. (jamanetwork.com)
  • To the Editor: We would like to report our experience in New Hampshire with a hitherto unreported phenomenon: head trauma secondary to moose-motorcycle collisions. (elsevier.com)
  • A 56-year-old man developed subdural effusion after mild head trauma, which remained unchanged in volume and density on computed tomography during a follow-up period of 7 months. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Infections of the paranasal sinuses and adjacent structures, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, and THROMBOPHILIA are associated conditions. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Common trauma injuries include bleeding, burns, brain or other internal injuries, shock and loss of limbs. (vitals.com)
  • The forum awarded the teams and individuals that had made outstanding contributions in the EU's Global Craniocerebral Trauma Cooperation Plan, neurosurgery team of the First Affiliated Hospital led by our school Vice Principal and the First Affiliated Hospital President Xu Yinghui was awarded, former Chairman of world neurosurgery trauma, chief scientist of EU's Global Craniocerebral Trauma Cooperation Plan ANDREW MASS awarded for the winning team of our school. (acasc.cn)
  • On the set of injuries from external causes, the craniocerebral trauma stands out in terms of magnitude, especially as a cause of death and disability particularly for productive young people. (scielo.br)
  • Relacionar o uso do capacete à gravidade dos traumatismos crâniocerebrais em motociclistas acidentados atendidos em hospital de trauma. (scielo.br)