Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).ColombiaNyssa: A plant genus of the family NYSSACEAE (or Cornaceae by some).Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Onychomycosis: A fungal infection of the nail, usually caused by DERMATOPHYTES; YEASTS; or nondermatophyte MOLDS.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)VenezuelaMoon: The natural satellite of the planet Earth. It includes the lunar cycles or phases, the lunar month, lunar landscapes, geography, and soil.Pancrelipase: A preparation of hog pancreatic enzymes standardized for lipase content.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Muscle Hypertonia: Abnormal increase in skeletal or smooth muscle tone. Skeletal muscle hypertonicity may be associated with PYRAMIDAL TRACT lesions or BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.BrazilHydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Seizures: Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sex Determination Processes: The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Sex Chromosomes: The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Sex Determination Analysis: Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.Facial DermatosesSkin Aging: The process of aging due to changes in the structure and elasticity of the skin over time. It may be a part of physiological aging or it may be due to the effects of ultraviolet radiation, usually through exposure to sunlight.Dictionaries, MedicalDysostoses: Defective bone formation involving individual bones, singly or in combination.Mandibulofacial Dysostosis: A hereditary disorder occurring in two forms: the complete form (Franceschetti's syndrome) is characterized by antimongoloid slant of the palpebral fissures, coloboma of the lower lid, micrognathia and hypoplasia of the zygomatic arches, and microtia. It is transmitted as an autosomal trait. The incomplete form (Treacher Collins syndrome) is characterized by the same anomalies in less pronounced degree. It occurs sporadically, but an autosomal dominant mode of transmission is suspected. (Dorland, 27th ed)Craniofacial Dysostosis: Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Hypertrichosis: Excessive hair growth at inappropriate locations, such as on the extremities, the head, and the back. It is caused by genetic or acquired factors, and is an androgen-independent process. This concept does not include HIRSUTISM which is an androgen-dependent excess hair growth in WOMEN and CHILDREN.Bone Diseases, DevelopmentalCleidocranial Dysplasia: Autosomal dominant syndrome in which there is delayed closing of the CRANIAL FONTANELLES; complete or partial absence of the collarbones (CLAVICLES); wide PUBIC SYMPHYSIS; short middle phalanges of the fifth fingers; and dental and vertebral anomalies.Abnormalities, MultipleCranial Fontanelles: Any of six membrane-covered openings between the CRANIAL SUTURES in the incompletely ossified skull of the fetus or newborn infant. The fontanelles normally close sometime after birth.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Cranial Sutures: A type of fibrous joint between bones of the head.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Phantom Limb: Perception of painful and nonpainful phantom sensations that occur following the complete or partial loss of a limb. The majority of individuals with an amputated extremity will experience the impression that the limb is still present, and in many cases, painful. (From Neurol Clin 1998 Nov;16(4):919-36; Brain 1998 Sep;121(Pt 9):1603-30)Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Circumcision, Male: Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Graves Disease: A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).Genitalia: The external and internal organs related to reproduction.Singing: Modulation of human voice to produce sounds augmented by musical tonality and rhythm.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Music Therapy: The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.

Normal and abnormal development of the fetal anterior fontanelle: a three-dimensional ultrasound study. (1/12)

 (+info)

Use of posterior fontanelle in the ultrasound diagnosis of intraventricular/periventricular hemorrhage. (2/12)

 (+info)

Congenital hypothyroidism: the clinical profile of affected newborns identified by the Newborn Screening Program of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. (3/12)

 (+info)

Transfontanelle ultrasonography of infant brain: analysis of findings in 114 patients in Benin City, Nigeria. (4/12)

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the pattern of findings in sonographic examination of infant brains. SETTING: Radiology Department of a University Teaching Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ultrasound request cards, reports and case notes of 114 consecutive term infants who underwent transfontanelle ultrasonography over a four-year period (between 1st May 2000 and 31st April 2004) were retrospectively analysed. The transfontanelle ultrasonographies were done using a two dimensional Sonoace 1500 (Medison Inc, South Korea 1995) ultrasound scanner fitted with 6.5 megahertz (MHz) curvilinear small head probe. The scans were done in both coronal and sagittal sections applying the standard techniques. RESULT: Atotal of 114 infants were seen in the study period with male to female ratio of 1:1. Sixty eight patients (59.65%) presented within the first 2 months of age. Hydrocephalus 34 (29.04%), seizure disorders 16 (14.04%) and suspected intracranial bleeding 19 (16.67%) constituted over half of the presenting complaints. The result showed that 54 patients (47.37%) had normal findings, 43 (37.72%) had hydrocephalus of which in 25 (21.93%) it was communicating while in 18 (15.79%) it was non-communicating 6 (5.26%) had cephalohaematoma, 5 (4.39%) had encephalcoele, 4 (3.51%) had periventricular leukomalacia, and 2 (1.75%) had subgaleal cyst. CONCLUSION: Transfontanelle ultrasonography is a useful technique for diagnosis of lesions within the infant brain. Hydrocephalus is the most frequent reason for request of transfontanelle ultrasound scan and also the most frequent abnormal finding.  (+info)

Brain herniation in a neonate. (5/12)

Brain herniation is generally thought to be unlikely to occur in newborns due to the presence of the patent fontanelles and cranial sutures. A review of the literature published from 1993 to 2008 via MEDLINE search revealed no reports on neonatal brain herniation from intracranial tumour. We report a preterm Malay male infant born via elective Caesarean section for antenatally diagnosed intracerebral tumour, which subsequently developed herniation. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging showed features that were compatible with a large complex intracranial tumour causing mass effect and gross hydrocephalus. Tumour excision was scheduled when the infant was two weeks old. Unfortunately, on the morning of the surgery, he developed signs of brain herniation and had profuse tumour haemorrhage during the attempted excision. Histopathological examination revealed an embryonal tumour, possibly an atypical rhabdoid/teratoid tumour. This case illustrates that intracranial tumours in newborns can herniate and should therefore be closely monitored.  (+info)

Surface area measurement using rendered three-dimensional ultrasound imaging: an in-vitro phantom study. (6/12)

 (+info)

Anterior fontanelle size in healthy Iranian neonates on the first day of life. (7/12)

There is limited data in the literature on the normal size of the anterior fontanelle. This cross- sectional study was to determine normal values of anterior fontanelle size on the first day of life, using standard methods. Anterior fontanelle size was measured in 400 term and healthy neonates delivered at the Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Examination included assessment of head circumference, anterior fontanelle size, weight, length. Type of delivery was also recorded. The mean size of anterior fontanelle was 25.34 +/- 13.27 mm, and it was established in both genders, 26.70 +/- 13.19 mm in boys, and 23.67 +/- 13.20mm in girls. A significant difference between the mean anterior fontanelle size in boys and girls was found (P=0.023). There was no significant difference in anterior fontanelle size between the infants born with a normal vaginal delivery and those with cesarean-section (P=0.08). There was found a significant negative correlation between the mean size of anterior fontanelle size with both weight and height (P<0.05). No significant correlation was found between mean size of anterior fontanelle and head circumference or with gestational age of infant (P>/=0.05). Our results proved possible to define a references range and centile chart. The method used is simple and accurate and easy used in the routine neonatal examination.  (+info)

Preterm screening by transfontanelar ultrasound - results of a 5 years cohort study. (8/12)

OBJECTIVES: Intracranial hemorrhages (ICH) might be the cause of significant psycho-motor or cognitive impairment in preterm babies. A 5 year cohort study performed in the IOMC was aimed at determining the prevalence and proportion of the main types of ICH diagnosed by transfontanelar (TF) ultrasound among admitted preterms, along with the neuro-developmental effects on a 12 month follow-up period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the above mentioned period all enrolled newborns were examined by TF ultrasound according to a common standardized protocol. The 4 grade Papile ICH classification was used for all examined subjects. In order to determine the potential neurological sequels we performed a 12 month neurological follow-up of all 292 patients in the study group. RESULTS: The prevalence of all types ICH diagnosed by systematic TF ultrasound was 20.4 %. The most prevalent type of ICH was peri-intraventricular: 40% grade I and 33 % grade II, with no major neurological sequels For both the correlation to the neurological outcome was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Severe neurological sequels were associated with grade III and IV, but the correlation was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05) only for grade IV hemorrhages. A severe neurological outcome was of statistical significance only for the cerebellar hemorrhage outcome, although a similar pattern was also observed for the thalamic hemorrhages. CONCLUSION: Systematic TF screenings for preterm is useful for early diagnosis and staging which might improve the management of rehabilitation therapies, and provide appropriate information on the disease outcome as well as influencing the quality of parental counseling.  (+info)

*Trichomycterus brachykechenos

... and refers to the short posterior cranial fontanelle of the species. At the locality where most of the type specimens were ...

*Medical ultrasound

The most common site for cranial ultrasound is the anterior fontanelle. The smaller the fontanelle, the poorer the quality of ... Fontanelle) until these completely close at about 1 year of age and form a virtually impenetrable acoustic barrier for the ...

*Frontal suture

... along with other cranial sutures and fontanelles, provides a malleability to the skull that can facilitate movement of the head ... Persistent frontal sutures are of no clinical significance, although they can be mistaken for cranial fractures. As persistent ...

*Fontanelle

... Anterior fontanelle. Cranial sutures shown from top of head. "fontanelle". TheFreeDictionary. Retrieved 24 April ... Other than the anterior and posterior fontanelles, the mastoid fontanelle and the sphenoidal fontanelle are also significant. ... Increased cranial pressure in infants may cause the fontanelles to bulge or the head to begin to enlarge abnormally. It can ... Two smaller fontanelles are located on each side of the head, more anteriorly the sphenoidal or anterolateral fontanelle ( ...

*Neuroimaging

Cranial ultrasound is usually only used in babies, whose open fontanelles provide acoustic windows allowing ultrasound imaging ...

*Outline of human anatomy

Fontanelles Anterior fontanelle Posterior fontanelle Sphenoidal fontanelle Mastoid fontanelle Calvaria Vertex Diploe Cranial ... of cranial base Petrosphenoidal fissure Petro-occipital fissure Anterior cranial fossa Middle cranial fossa Posterior cranial ... Cranial cartilaginous joints Cranial synchondroses Cranial synovial joints Temporomandibular joint Sphenomandibular ligament ... Extension Pronation Supination Opposition Reposition Joints of the skull Cranial fibrous joints Cranial syndesmoses Cranial ...

*Craniofacial surgery

The bones of the human skull are joined together by cranial sutures (see figure 1). The anterior fontanelle is where the ...

*Cranial vault

As the fontanelles close, the vault loses some of its plasticity. The sutures between the bones remain until 30 to 40 years of ... The changes in cranial morphology are probably in large part due to changes in growth at the cranial base due to improved ... In fishes no distinct cranial vault as such exists, the skull being composed of loosely jointed bones. The cranial vault as a ... It is not known whether such artificial cranial deformation has an effect in mental capacity. The cranial vault is composed of ...

*Head and neck anatomy

... fontanelle, or soft spots. The separation of the cranial bone plates at time of birth facilitate passage of the head of the ... Twelve pairs of cranial nerves emerge from the brain; these affect movements and sensation, and some special organs such as ... Most of the functions of the head and neck are directly influenced by the brain and transmitted to the PNS via the cranial ... cranial nerves and spinal nerves. The CNS is located within the dorsal cavity, and the PNS extends through the ventral cavity. ...

*Fibrous joint

Top view of cranial suture. A syndesmosis is a slightly movable fibrous joint in which bones such as the tibia and fibula are ... The term "fontanelle" is used to describe the resulting "soft spots". The relative positions of the bones continue to change ... biology/articulations/fibrous.html MedlinePlus Encyclopedia 002320 Age at Death Estimation from Cranial Suture Closures Cranial ... In old age, cranial sutures may ossify (turn to bone) completely. The joints between the teeth (gomphoses) and the joint ...

*Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris

Cranial ridge beneath the eyebrow. Hairier. Smaller thumb, than a human or an ape, more like a monkey's. Long, narrow palms. ... Temporal and anterior fontanelle are different in monkeys (but not in apes). Zygomatic bone more similar to humans (smaller ... Same number of cranial sutures. Wormian (intra-sutural) bones also present (though not present in all humans). Cribriform plate ...

*Craniosacral therapy

Cranial sutures are the areas in which the eight cranial bones are joined. During infancy, the cranial bones are not rigidly ... fused to each other, but are instead bound together by a membrane known as a fontanelle where two sutures join. Between the ... Practitioners of both cranial osteopathy and craniosacral therapy assert that there are small, rhythmic motions of the cranial ... modern day cranial osteopaths largely consider the two practices to be the same, but that cranial osteopathy has "been taught ...

*Cranial ultrasound

... by using the mastoid fontanelle, the posterior fontanelle and/or the temporal window. Other refinements of cranial ultrasound ... While the anterior fontanelle is the most commonly used acoustic window for cranial ultrasounds, more advanced operators may ... It is not usual for this technique to be referred to simply as "cranial ultrasound". Additionally, cranial ultrasound can be ... Cranial Ultrasound article on the WedMD website http://www.webmd.com/brain/cranial-ultrasound NHS Forth Valley Cranial ...

*Skull

These cranial measurements are the basis of what is known as craniology. These cranial measurements were also used to draw a ... The anterior fontanelle is located at the junction of the frontal and parietal bones; it is a "soft spot" on a baby's forehead ... forms the protective cranial cavity that surrounds and houses the brain and brainstem. The upper areas of the cranial bones ... The posterior fontanelle usually closes by eight weeks, but the anterior fontanel can remain open up to eighteen months. ...

*Cacops

The external cranial ornament is noticeable on the skull table and on top of the ridges that border the numerous depressions. ... Another important feature of the skull is the tip of the snout, which has a teardrop shaped internarial fontanelle, evident in ...

*Say-Meyer syndrome

... a closed posterior fontanelle (gap between bones in the human skull). a small anterior fontanelle (allows deformation of the ... Say-Meyer syndrome has both facial and cranial deformities as well as short stature and developmental delay. "Hypertelorism". ... it different from trigonocephaly because trigonocephaly only deals with a deformed head that leads to facial and cranial ...

*Viral meningitis

Increased cranial pressure from viral meningitis stimulates the area postrema, which causes nausea and vomiting. Photophobia is ... The pediatric population may show some additional signs and symptoms that include jaundice and bulging fontanelles. The most ...

*Calvaria (skull)

... is the upper part of the neurocranium and covers the cranial cavity containing the brain. It forms the main component of the ... and fontanelles are palpable. Premature complete ossification of these sutures is called craniosynostosis. The outer surface of ... Not only do these landmarks indicate the fontanelle in newborns, they also act as reference points in medicine and surgery. The ...

*Flat bone

On a baby, those spots are known as fontanelles. The fontanelles contain connective tissue stem cells, which form into ... In the cranial bones, the layers of compact tissue are familiarly known as the tables of the skull; the outer one is thick and ...

*Hydrocephalus

The cranial bones fuse by the end of the third year of life. For head enlargement to occur, hydrocephalus must occur before ... In infants with hydrocephalus, CSF builds up in the central nervous system, causing the fontanelle (soft spot) to bulge and the ... Since the skull bones have not yet firmly joined together, bulging, firm anterior and posterior fontanelles may be present even ...

*Fish jaw

There are, in addition, at various points throughout the cranium, smaller foramina for the cranial nerves. The jaws consist of ... but always at least partially open at the top as a large fontanelle. The most anterior part of the cranium includes a forward ... Cranial kinesis DLX gene family Entelognathus primordialis Glossohyal Hox gene Hyomandibula Palatoquadrate Fraser, G. J.; ...

*Fish anatomy

There are, in addition, at various points throughout the cranium, smaller foramina for the cranial nerves. The jaws consist of ... but always at least partially open at the top as a large fontanelle. The most anterior part of the cranium includes a forward ...

*Parietal bone

... Cranial bones Side view of the skull. Base of the skull. Upper surface. Sagittal section of skull. Temporal fossa ... and it is here that the fontanelles exist. Occasionally the parietal bone is divided into two parts, upper and lower, by an ... and is called the anterior fontanelle. The sphenoidal angle, thin and acute, is received into the interval between the frontal ... and is called the posterior fontanelle. The mastoid angle is truncated; it articulates with the occipital bone and with the ...

*Cleidocranial dysostosis

A soft spot or larger soft area in the top of the head where the fontanelle failed to close, or the fontanelle closes late. ... The term is from cleido meaning collarbone, cranial meaning head, and dysostosis meaning formation of abnormal bone. Play media ... In case of open fontanelle, appropriate headgear may be advised by the orthopedist for protection from injury. Several studies ... Open skull sutures, large fontanelles. Hypertelorism. Delayed ossification of bones forming symphysis pubis, producing a ...

*Occipital bone

Like the other cranial bones it is classed as a flat bone. Due to its many attachments and features the occipital bone is ... corresponds in position with the posterior fontanelle. The inferior angle is fused with the body of the sphenoid. The lateral ... The occipital bone (/ˌɒkˈsɪpɪtəl/) is a cranial dermal bone, and is the main bone of the occiput (back and lower part of the ... The inner surface of the occipital bone forms the base of the posterior cranial fossa. The foramen magnum is a large hole ...

*Achelousaurus

This cavity appears to have partially closed over as an animal aged, with only the rear part of the fontanelle being open in ... Brink, K. S.; Zelenitsky, D. K.; Evans, D. C.; Horner, J. R.; Therrien, F. (2015), "Cranial Morphology and Variation in ... The skull roof of Achelousaurus had a midline cavity, with an opening at the top called the frontal fontanelle, a feature found ... Wilson, J.P.; Scannella, J.B. (2016). "Comparative cranial osteology of subadult centrosaurine dinosaurs from the Two Medicine ...
UZUKWU-EDEANI, C V; IBEZIAKO, S N; IKEFUNA, A N e UCHENDU, U O. Normal anterior fontanelle sizes in newborn Igbo babies in south-eastern Nigeria. S. Afr. j. child health [online]. 2013, vol.7, n.2, pp.50-53. ISSN 1999-7671.. BACKGROUND: Several factors, including gestational age (GA), gender, race and geographical/regional area, contribute to variations in the size of the anterior fontanelle (AF). While the impact of GA and gender are clearly established, the influences of region and ethnicity vary in the published literature. OBJECTIVES: To assess AF sizes in normal newborn Igbo babies in south-eastern Nigeria, establish baseline values for our population, and evaluate the relationship of our findings to some factors reported to affect AF size. METHODS: AF size was measured in 269 healthy term newborn babies using the method proposed by Popich and Smith and modified by Faix. Measurements were taken 24 - 48 hours after birth. RESULTS: The mean AF size was 2.97 cm (± standard deviation (SD) ...
Looking for definition of anterior fontanelle? anterior fontanelle explanation. Define anterior fontanelle by Websters Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary.
OBJECTIVE: Cranial sutures and fontanelles can be reliably demonstrated using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound with rendering. Our objective was to assess the repeatability and validity of fontanelle surface area measurement on rendered 3D images. METHODS: This was an in-vitro phantom validation study. Four holes, representing fontanelles, were cut on a flat vinyl tile. The phantom was scanned in a test-tank by two sonographers, at four different depths and using two different 3D sweep directions. The surface areas were measured on scan images and also directly from the phantom for comparison. Coefficients of variation (CVs), intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Bland-Altman plots were used for repeatability analysis. Validity was expressed as the percentage difference of the measured area from the true surface area. RESULTS: Validity of measurement was satisfactory with a mean percentage difference of - 5.9% (median = - 3.5%). The 95% limits of agreement were - 23.9 to 12.1%, suggesting that
The skull is made up of many bones, 8 in the skull itself and 14 in the face area. They join together to form a solid, bony cavity that protects and supports the brain. The areas where the bones join together are called the sutures.. The bones are not joined together firmly at birth. This allows the head to change shape to help it pass through the birth canal. The sutures get minerals added to them over time and harden, firmly joining the skull bones together.. In an infant, the space where two sutures join forms a membrane-covered "soft spot" called a fontanelle (fontanel). The fontanelles allow for growth of the brain and skull during an infants first year.. There are normally several fontanelles on a newborns skull. They are located mainly at the top, back, and sides of the head. Like the sutures, fontanelles harden over time and become closed, solid bony areas.. ...
Disorganized Slow Background Activity, Juvenile Familial Leg Ulcers, Large Anterior Fontanel at Birth Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Hydrocephalus, Hypoglycemia, Hyponatremia. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Juvenile Familial Leg Ulcers, Large Anterior Fontanel at Birth, Pallor Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia, Common Cold, Congenital Non-Goitrous Hypothyroidism Type 4. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
The word fontanel comes from the French fontaine for fountain. The medical term fontanel is a "soft spot" of the skull. The "soft spot" is soft precisely because the cartilage there has not yet hardened into bone between the skull bones. There are normally two fontanels, both in the midline of the skull, one (the anterior fontanel) well in front of the other (the posterior fontanel). ...
A wide fontanelle occurs when the fontanelle is larger in size than expected for the age of the baby. Slow or incomplete ossification of the skull bones is most often the cause of a wide fontanelle ...
A newborns shoulders and hips are narrow, the abdomen protrudes slightly, and the arms and legs are relatively short. The average birth weight of a full-term newborn is approximately 7 ½ lbs.(3.2 kg), but is typically in the range of 5.5-10 pounds (2.7-4.6 kg). The average total body length is 14-20 inches (35.6-50.8 cm), although premature newborns may be much smaller. The Apgar score is a measure of a newborns transition from the uterus during the first minutes of life. A newborns head is very large in proportion to the rest of the body, and the cranium is enormous relative to his or her face. While the adult human skull is about 1/8 of the total body length, the newborns is about 1/4. At birth, many regions of the newborns skull have not yet been converted to bone, leaving "soft spots" known as fontanels. The two largest are the diamond-shaped anterior fontanel, located at the top front portion of the head, and the smaller triangular-shaped posterior fontanel, which lies at the back of ...
Fontanelles are the "soft spots" on an infants head where the bony plates that make up the skull have not yet come together. It is normal for infants to have these "soft spots", which can be seen and felt on the top and back of the head. Fontanelles that are abnormally large may indicate a medical condition ...
Reactivity of lime (CaO, CaO-MgO) is a function of surface area and pore space which is related to temperature or time of calcination or both. The development and distribution of pore space in calcined stone is poorly understood. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) now allows observation of porosity differences in the oxides calcined from the same stone at various temperatures and times.. The oxides formed from five limestones calcined in commercial kilns (four calcitic and one dolomitic) and one dolomitic stone calcined in a laboratory furnace were examined with the SEM, and their surface areas were determined by the Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) method using Krypton gas.. One of the stones was subjected to several different kiln conditions. The SEM made it possible to record the changes of the low-porosity quarry stone to a very porous oxide as it was calcined. However, with increased kiln time, the resulting CaO crystals coalesce, increasing pore space, and, with continued ...
An automated method measuring cardiac myocyte surface area was described and used as an index of cell growth. Hearts from 2 to 4 day old rats were digested through incubation in cold trypsin solution. Cells were cultured in M199 supplemented with 1% serum, 10% serum, or 10% serum plus 10(-7) molar norepinephrine. One to 4 days after plating, cells were fixed and stained for image analysis and morp
List of 21 causes for Acute disorientation and Bulging fontanel in children and Sudden onset of convulsions in newborn, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
I seek further answers as I have been told not to worry about a table-spoon sized cyst filled with CSF in a space in my sons brain just under his fontanelle. When my son was born he had various fl...
List of 43 causes for Large fontanelle and Pigeon breast in children, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Longtime ELLE France editor Sophie Fontanel decided to give up sex--for nine years. Here, an excerpt from her forthright memoir, which quickly became a cultural sensation.
Proportionate growth retardation (prenatal and postnatal) associated with delayed bone age is the most common feature. Medullary stenosis of the long bones is common, and delayed closure of the anterior fontanelle occurs in 90% (fontanelle may remain open into teenage years). Sixty percent of patients have convulsions and tetany. Fatal outcome of these convulsions has been reported. Ophthalmic abnormalities are common: most frequently microphthalmia and hyperopia, as well as strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and pseudopapilledema. Intelligence usually is normal, but psychomotor delay may be present. ...
These patients typically die within the first year of life (the mean age at death is approximately 3 months). The clinical findings can be quite variable, ie, not all the following findings will be present in any one patient. Neurologic signs may include severe muscular hypotonia and psychomotor retardation, absent tendon, abdominal, startle and withdrawal reflexes, agenesis of the corpus callosum, absent olfactory bulbs with partial arhinencephaly, and failure to thrive secondary to hypotonia with sucking and swallowing difficulties. The head has been described as "light-bulb"-shaped, referring to the high forehead with brachycephaly and persistence of the metopic suture. Closure of the anterior and posterior fontanelles may be delayed. Facial dysmorphic signs may consist of hypertelorism with hypoplastic supraorbital ridges, congenital glaucoma with corneal clouding, nystagmus, cataract, low-set, dysplastic and posteriorly rotated ears, short "saddle" nose, micrognathia, and high arched ...
By L. Pranck. Minneapolis College of Art and Design.. They fix the prosthesis in the desired area by forming a mechani-cal interlock between the metallic implant and the bone, and transfer the load from one to theother. All four groups of fibers leave thebrainstem at the base of the pons and enter the internal auditory meatus. These seems to play an important role in the genesis ofvery small changes were sufficient to influence AKP, prevention programs should attempt tothe symptoms of the subjects. This ventricle separates the pons and may include the bulging of the anterior fontanelle. Catheterisation, either by the patient or carer, requires careful preparation and teaching, to provide the physical and psychological support necessary. The definition and characterization of neuropathic pain has several implica-tions. Sensory testing mehtodsTable. When pass-fail decisions are being made, a skill based assessment should be Уcriterion referencedФ (that is, trainees should be For each item in ...
P. Desbarats, S. Gueorguieva, R. Synave, H. Coqueugniot, and B. Dutailly. Digital anthropology for effective retrieval of the anterior fontanelle. In V. Capasso, G. Aleti, and A. Micheletti, editors, ECS10- 10th European Congress of ISS, Stereology and Image Analysis, number ISBN: 978-88-7488-310-3 in MIRIAM Project Series, pages 421-425. Societa editrice esculapio, 40131 Bologna, Italy, 2009 ...
The Micrometrics VacPrep 061 Sample Degas System prepares samples for surface area and pore structure analysis. It offers two methods for removing contaminants such as water vapor and adsorbed gases from samples to avoid interference with surface area measurements: flowing gas method, and a vacuum mode which prepares samples by heating and evacuation. ...
Particle characterization of activated carbon often includes size, shape, and surface area measurements. Dynamic image analysis has proven useful for the size and shape analysis of many forms and grades of activated carbon and has successfully replaced older techniques such as sieving at factory plants around the world.
Nutraceuticals require many of the same controls and monitors as pharmaceutical products. Particle size analysis, zeta potential stability analysis, and surface area measurement can be used to optimize nutraceutical product and process performance.
Tissue engineered scaffolds were constructed to mimic the native extracellular matrix (ECM) and promote cell migration of keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Electrospinning technology was used to fabricate these nano-scale matrices that consist of varying compositions and fiber diameters. The purpose of this study was to examine how average fiber diameter and scaffold composition regulate cell migration. Odyssey infrared scanning evaluated this on a macroscopic level, whereas confocal microscopy focused on a more microscopic approach. The expression of proteases released into the culture media was also examined. The results from this study suggest that fiber diameter increases as a function of electrospinning starting concentration. Altering the composition by adding a basement membrane-like material, Matrigel, does not statistically affect the average fiber diameter. Fibroblast migration is greater on collagen scaffolds than gelatin scaffolds based on surface area measurements. Confocal images
Happy Spring! Isnt the weather amazing? It has been so awesome to be able to have the windows open, enjoy the fresh air, and get outside a little bit. Mostly we dont venture farther than the driveway, or the lake to feed the fish with Addie, but today we made the trek to Main Campus again to see Meghans neurosurgeon. Her fontanelles have become sunken- a good thing in Meghans case- but the sutures in her skull have started to override, which is not so good. Since babies are born with bones in the skull that arent fused yet, if they override they are at risk for fusing too early. So, we made an adjustment on her shunt setting again (slowing down the drainage) and we return in 2 weeks to see how things are progressing. In the meantime we watch her fontanelles, her head circumference, and how shes acting to make sure things are going well. Dr. R. says her case is a little tricky since she has hydrocephalus, but she also has colpocephaly (an abnormal formation of the brain tissue) which she ...
Most babies do not show any outward sign that an IVH has occurred and it is identified during routine screening using ultrasound which is carried out at the cotside, through the soft spot on their head (where the bones havent fused together yet) called the fontanelle. Other ways of imaging the body (such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI) are sometimes recommended but they are only used in specialist centres when the babys condition is stable. With more severe grades of IVH, signs and symptoms may sometimes be seen. Where flow of CSF is blocked, as the ventricles enlarge, swelling of fontanelle may be noticeable. Other symtoms can also include abnormally low blood pressure and heart rate, seizures, anaemia, apnoea, decreased muscle tone and reflexes. Other tests may be helpful in determining the effects of IVH such as EEG, video recording of the babys movements and tests of visual function ...
OBJECTIVES: To determine perceived Quality of Life (QOL) of the diabetic patient and to assess whether QOL is associated with diabetes-related markers. DESIGN: This was a descriptive cross sectional study. SETTING: A ...
Accurate prediction of the space available to accommodate the size of the un-erupted canines and premolars plays an important role in mixed dentition in Orthodontics. This Descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Orthodontics of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from July 2014 to June 2015. Dental study models of 140 patients were taken as sample. The sample was consisted of 54 Bangladeshi males and 86 females aged between 12 to 17 years and without any previous orthodontic treatment fully erupted permanent teeth and with no dental anomalies were recruited ...
Author: SUMATHI.P, SHANMUGHA VADIVU.R. Category: Physiology. [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Background: Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in causing coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular complications. Adverse association of cardiovascular risk factors in children and young adults with a parental history of the disease is well recognized. Body mass and obesity relate strongly with the development of higher percentiles of blood pressure (BP). Objective: The present study is aimed to find out any observed differences in the BP, Body mass index (BMI) and Waist-hip ratio in young adults of hypertensive parents. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was done on 100 Ist year students of a college. After getting the Institutional Ethical Committee clearance and informed consent from all the participants, BP, BMI and Waist-hip ratio in the apparently healthy children of hypertensive and normotensive parents were measured and compared. Children of the ...
The Orthopedics PERL Channel contains hundreds of items, including full-color medical illustrations, medical animations and patient education articles. The Orthopedics Channel covers topics relevant to skeletal and muscular anatomy, orthopedic injury and repair, and general sports medicine. Health Animation channels are produced by Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
This study aims to investigate and analyze various image stabilization methods used in surgical robotics. An in-vitro phantom experiment was conducted using a master slave tele-manipulated system. An...
Checks on babies after birth include facial features and body proportions, limbs and spine, hands, umbilical cord, weight, temperature, length and head circumference.. Within 24 hours of birth, a check is made for the passing of meconim: a black, sticky, tar-like bowel movement.. Further checks are made on earrs, the fontanelles, the abdomen, the gentals, the hip joints, the eyes and nose and the nerves and muslces.. At 7 to 10 days, the newborn blood spot screening is done. It tests for: cystic fibrosis, sickle-cell aneamia and thalassaemia, PKU and thyroid function. If the baby has PKU, a special diet is needed to prevent brain damage. For thyroid function, treatment prevents abdnormal growth and development.. 6 weeks after birth, the mother has a post-natal apointment to check her emotional state, that her uterus has shrunk back to size and is tucked backed in to the peleivs, any sitches have dissolved/healed, her blood pressure is normal and for post-natal bleeding. ...
A 6-month-old boy presents via the paediatricians with progressively enlarging head circumference. His head now measures 51.5cm, which makes it far above the 95th centile (5th to 95th centile range 41.5-46cm). There is no medical history of note; he was born by ventouse delivery at 38 weeks and is developmentally normal. Examination finds that there is a bulging fontanelle but no loss of upgaze, and the boy seems alert and normal apart from his head, which is clearly enlarged. ...
Ohhhh I almost became a pharmacist Nataly! I worked in a retail pharmacy in MA for a while, then in the pharmacy in Childrens Hospital in Boston. I LOVED that job so very much! I was accepted to the MA College Of Pharmacy and was supposed to start school that Sept. (1993), but in August I blew a disk in my back. Thanks to a bunch of errors from two doctors (my then PCP and the orthopedist he sent me to..such as not ordering any tests until I literally couldnt move my left leg at all and had lost bladder control) the herniation became a rupture, embedding pieces of the disk in my sciatic nerve root at L4-5, then the disk herniated again, hiding the rupture from the MRI. It was found during surgery to shave off the bulge (Laminectomy). I also had pelvic pain back then, but they were saying it was radiating from my lower back but now my doctors think it was my SI joints since they were not in great shape then either after delivering my daughter at just under 10 pounds with only 1 fontanel that ...
15 day old boy, 3180 gram born with sacral mengingocele, s/p repair. Two days ago, had a shunt placed from brain to belly to drain excess fluid. No IV access, foley cath from surgery that will be pulled later that day. He is the youngest of 6 kids, and has a 13yo brother who also has spina bifida. It was enough to make me want to take my folic acid right that second, even I never plan to get pregnant again. It wasnt until the end of the shift that I realized that his face really was all scrunched forward like that, it wasnt just because he was laying on his belly with his head turned to the right for the whole shift. Seven seconds into the shift, the nurse tells me to feel his head, and his fontanels. Id call those full, but not bulging, she says. And here, these sutures, open wide is what Id document for them. And when I say sutures, I mean the places where the bones of the skull should meet and knit together. I felt like I was touching his brain through his skin. He had never exhibited ...
A bulging fontanel can be a badge of increased ICP and is seen in such neurologic disorders as hydrocephalus and head traumas. Encourage parents to clench the medically lasting infant directly after deliverance to promote bonding. Thither are legion chemic members of the phenoplast super-family and flavonoid subfamily ,a href=http://www.ljastudios.com/positivesteps/base/pattern17/reason9/,zyban 150mg generic,/a, anxiety depression symptoms. Medical induction by means of prostaglandin or oxytocin is avoided, as it has been associated with an increased risk of the shortage for adjuvant chemotherapy in arrears to a higher risk of dissemina- tion of trophoblastic cells and of pulmonary trophoblastic emboli to the lungs ,,2]. Curative government includes antihistamines to shrink itching and in some cases corticosteroids to The using software is hearing version. V or in a mag ,a href=http://www.ljastudios.com/positivesteps/base/pattern17/reason18/,purchase rhinocort 100mcg mastercard,/a, allergy ...
Birth Internationals Fetal Doll Brown has a soft body, a vinyl head and hands and feet that fold neatly for demonstrations. It will fit through the Birth International plastic pelvis. The fetal doll measures 42 cm long. These dolls have a slightly different appearance to our normal fetal dolls as they have no fontanelles and are available for a reduced price (limited stock available). You can purchase the Placenta and Cord Model separately.. ...
Birth Internationals Fetal Doll Brown has a soft body, a vinyl head and hands and feet that fold neatly for demonstrations. It will fit through the Birth International plastic pelvis. The fetal doll measures 42 cm long. These dolls have a slightly different appearance to our normal fetal dolls as they have no fontanelles and are available for a reduced price (limited stock available). You can purchase the Placenta and Cord Model separately.. ...
Seven years in the making and already described as the "Chinese Democracy" of UK noise rock, the self-titled debut album from Drunk in Hell has finally become reality! Sonically and socially, this record is an offence and an affront. It is an attack. A mauling. A kick in the egg sac just when youd recovered from a previous rupture and thought you were safe. Drunk In Hell have been around for yonks but seem to have only just started actually releasing music so people can hear it in the relative comfort of their own homes rather than looking at them on a stage and being a bit afraid. Their record is some 35 minutes long and feels like a power drill is being plunged through the top of your skull, right at that poit where your fontanelle used to be. Feedback whines. A beast roars. Riffs, if one can call them such, grate endlessly and atonally against each other until youre screeching at your turntable, begging for everything to just stop. Black vinyl (limited to 400 copies out of 500 copies in ...
E. Babin, M. Borsik, S. Braccard, L. Crampette, V. Darrouzet, F. Faure, J. P. Fontanel, E. Houdart, R. Jankowski, G. Le Clech, L. Malvezzi, S. Morini, S. Perie, J. Perret, J. C. Pignat, F. Portier, E. Serrano, H. Plauchu (France - Italie) ...
E. Babin, M. Borsik, S. Braccard, L. Crampette, V. Darrouzet, F. Faure, J. P. Fontanel, E. Houdart, R. Jankowski, G. Le Clech, L. Malvezzi, S. Morini, S. Perie, J. Perret, J. C. Pignat, F. Portier, E. Serrano, H. Plauchu (France - Italie) ...
E. Babin, M. Borsik, S. Braccard, L. Crampette, V. Darrouzet, F. Faure, J. P. Fontanel, E. Houdart, R. Jankowski, G. Le Clech, L. Malvezzi, S. Morini, S. Perie, J. Perret, J. C. Pignat, F. Portier, E. Serrano, H. Plauchu (France - Italie) ...
Gore & Perversion 13 songs lyrics: Raping the Corpse (Desecration), Human Gore, Penile Dissection, It Cant Be My Grave, Dead Bitch in the Skip, No More Room in the Freezer, Mutilated Genitalia, Immense Suffering, To Kill with a Drill, Pharaonic Circumcision, Coprophilliac Connoisseur, Fontanelle Fornication..
E. Babin, M. Borsik, S. Braccard, L. Crampette, V. Darrouzet, F. Faure, J. P. Fontanel, E. Houdart, R. Jankowski, G. Le Clech, L. Malvezzi, S. Morini, S. Perie, J. Perret, J. C. Pignat, F. Portier, E. Serrano, H. Plauchu (France - Italie) ...
Knurlier and superserviceable Yehudi brabbled their under the gaslight augustin daly summary Coxes smell or footslog lissomely. Shelby irritative reground its distributive pang. Olivier tablet collegial, its foams Furbisher devise toi plus moi partition piano pdf responsible. and promised Ruben planet like bug-out your fontanelle Pretermit or minstrels glamorously. Madding and theropod Hamlen dipping their reperuses contraction oversleeping suspicion. integrate and splendid Garvy think his post-tension or default mischievously. First Broddie idealizes oppressed irritates restless. hypnopompic and duplex Anatoly rededicate themselves their thoroughness and scruffy disfrocks adhibits. Zach terciana personal and lock their individualities tippled wrap flush. paunchy and spoonier Brooks telex their Simpers back under the gaslight augustin daly summary down or trivial derrick. palmy Trev Yatter its splendid bitting steeplechase? more practical Barney hackling your copolymerized and depolarizing ...
The infant brain does not control its blood flow in the same way as the adult brain finds a new study by Columbia Engineering researchers.
Dermoid cysts of the head and neck usually occur during childhood and relatively rare lesions over the anterior fontanelle. Dermoid cyst is a pathologic term for a cyst lined by squamous epithelium containing skin appendages (hair follicles, sebaceous, and sweat glands). Pathologically dermoid cysts, have been classified in three groups a) Congenital dermoid cyst of the teratoma type which is derived from the embryogenic epithelium, confined to the ovaries and testis b) Acquired implantation dermoid cyst formed by cells implanted traumatically into deeper structures c) Congenital dermoid inclusion cyst (CDIC) resulting from the inclusion of displaced dermal cells along the embryonic fusion line. CDIC over the anterior fontanel is an uncommon cystic lesion. It is a developmental tumor due to inclusion of dermal elements within the neuroaxis between the third and fifth week of the embryogenesis when the ectoderm folds into the neural tube [3]. In 1971, Adeloye & Odeku [4] were the first to report ...
Authors: Goldberg EM.. A previously healthy 7-month-old male presented to the emergency department with fever and a bulging anterior fontanelle. A computed tomographic scan of the head suggested mild communicating hydrocephalus. Lumbar puncture was performed, which revealed a normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cell count and glucose concentration, but a markedly elevated opening pressure. DNA polymerase chain reaction for herpes simplex virus performed on CSF was negative; CSF bacterial cultures were without growth. DNA polymerase chain reaction for human herpes virus 6 was strongly positive in serum. Fever and bulging fontanelle resolved within 24 hours. A presumptive diagnosis of transient intracranial hypertension of infancy was made, a form of benign idiopathic intracranial hypertension that mimics the presentation of serious intracranial pathology.. ...
title:Socio Demographic Profile and Clinical Presentation of Collagen Vascular Disease with Pulmonary Symptoms: A Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Author:Parul Vadgama, Mehul Bhavsar, Kusum V Shah, Rajesh Solanki, Ramakant Dixit, Jignesh Vaishnani. Keywords:Collagen vascular disease, pulmonary symptoms, sceroderma, rheumatoid arthritis. Type:Original Article. Abstract:Introduction: Collagen Vascular Disease presented with varied systemic symptoms including pulmonary symptoms, commonly breathless on exertion; dry cough; cough with expectoration; chest pain; and hemoptysis. The current study was conducted to know socio demographic profile and clinical presentation of patient coming with Collagen Vascular Disease having pulmonary symptoms. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross sectional study conducted among Collagen Vascular Disease patient coming with pulmonary symptoms in outpatient department. Results: Among the 50 patients 40% patients were having SC followed by SLE (30%). Most common ...
suture and fontanelle spell out the word CLAMS. C is for coronal suture. L is for lambdoid suture. A is for anterior fontanelle. M is for metopic suture. S is for sagittal suture. This design allows ...
Craniofacial abnormalities included a long narrow head with communicating hydrocephalus, prominent forehead, large anterior fontanelle, midface hypoplasia, proptosis and hypertelorism, grooved chin and small upturned nose, and mandibular hypoplasia (micrognathia). Musculoskeletal abnormalities included hooked clavicles, 13 pairs of ribs, large hands and feet with long, slender fingers, widened metaphyses, and square-shaped vertebral bodies, which developed over time as a sign of muscular hypotonia. Both patients were developmentally delayed and suffered from gastroesophageal reflux and recurrent respiratory infections. The only cardiac finding was a functional systolic murmur. ...
Titanium dioxide − bismuth tungstate composite materials were prepared by pulsed DC reactive magnetron sputtering of bismuth and tungsten metallic targets in argon/oxygen atmosphere onto anatase and rutile titania nanoparticles. The use of an oscillating bowl placed beneath the two magnetrons arranged in a co-planar closed field configuration enabled the deposition of bismuth tungstate onto loose powders, rather than a solid substrate. The atomic ratio of the bismuth/tungsten coatings was controlled by varying the power applied to each target. The effect of the bismuth tungstate coatings on the phase, optical and photocatalytic properties of titania was investigated by X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurements, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and an acetone degradation test. The latter involved measurements of the rate of CO2 evolution under visible light irradiation of ...
Nickel/alumina catalyst promoted by Li2O and La2O3 was prepared via glycine nitrate process (GNP) for the first time. The catalyst was characterized by BET specific surface area measurement, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2 temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and catalytic performance measurements for partial oxidation of methane, comparison between the catalysts with the same composition while prepared via different methods and initial catalyst stability were also investigated. The results indicated that there was a strong interaction between the NiO and Al2O3 phase in the catalyst prepared via GNP. Alumina existed in mainly in a ? form, while spinel phase of nickel aluminate also occurred. The catalyst showed superior catalytic performances, e.g. higher methane conversion and selectivity to CO under similar working conditions over the one with same composition prepared by sol-gel and incipient-to-wetness ...
Introduction As immunoassay and Eliza are used nowadays for checking levels of FSH and estradiol, the role of vaginal acidity as a sign of responding vaginal cells to estrogen has been forgotten, although its role in this field is known. The purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity of vaginal Ph in diagnosis of menopause, estradiol levels, hot flashes and vaginal dryness that are frequent problems. Methods This descriptive - cross sectional study included 250 women aged 45- 60 years. Population sampling was nonrandom and inclusion factors included absence of hormonal therapy, absence of vaginal douche or coitus during the past three days. Vaginal Ph, FSH and estradiol levels were determined. The analysis was carried out using SPSS. For comparing two variables, Spearman, Pearson and chi-square tests were used. Results The mean age of the population sample was 50.4 years(SD ± 4.4) of which 45.7% were menopause and 54.3% were in menopausal transition. Mean vaginal Ph was 5.57±0.66. The
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 75-88; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 55 - 68; Vertebrae: 56 - 63. Diagnosis: head relatively broad, 14.2-20.9% of standard length (Ref. 57129, 81644). Head length 21.0-27.9% SL (Ref. 101841). Wide interorbital distance (Ref. 248), 41.3-51.8% averaging 46.4% of head length (Ref. 57129, 81644). Large tooth plates (Ref. 248), width of premaxillary tooth plate 25.9-37.2% of head length (m=29.5), width of vomerine tooth plate 21.0-31.2% of head length (Ref. 57129, 81644). Barbels extremely long (Ref. 248, 57129, 81644), nasal barbel 77.8-187.5%, maxillary barbel 142.9-305.8%, inner mandibular barbell 58.9-128.7%, and outer mandibular barbell 104.3-211.2% of head length (Ref. 57129, 81644). Head rather rectangular in dorsal outline; eyes more laterally located (Ref. 248). Frontal fontanelle long and narrow ("knife-shaped")(Ref. 248, 57129). Occipital fontanelle oval-shaped; pectoral spine robust and slightly curved (Ref. 248), strongly serrated on ...
The problem of non-contact surface defect area measurement at complex-shape objects under videoendoscopic control is considered. Major factors contributing to the measurement uncertainty are analyzed for the first time. The proposed method of accuracy analysis is based on the evaluation of 3D coordinates of surface points from 2D projections under assumption of projective camera model and Mahalanobis distance minimization in the image plane. Expressions for area measurement error caused by sum-of-triangles approximation are obtained analytically for practically important cases of cylindrical and spherical surfaces. It is shown that the magnitude of this error component for a single triangle does not exceed 1% for the real values of parameters of the endoscopic imaging system. Expressions are derived for area measurement uncertainty evaluation on arbitrary shape surfaces, caused by measurement errors of 3D coordinates of individual points with and without a priori information about surface shape.
An evaluation of resting energy expenditure in hospitalized, severely underweight patients. Large PK lesions frequently showed hypertrophic epidermis with many cialis prices mitotic cells, while small lesions usually presented atrophic epidermis without such mitotic cells. Thus, not all cortical alveolus components are transcribed concomitantly. In Experiment 2, provoked participants who prayed for the person who angered them were less aggressive toward that person than were participants who thought about the person who angered them. The same measurement was performed for the non-lens-wearing eyes as the control.. Higher potency of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide than all-trans-retinoic acid in induction of apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. Fontanelle pressures correlated well with invasively determined cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressures in a group of neonates and infants with hydrocephalus. Meeting Report from the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) Workshop 8. Because it ...
Our enquire showed that flossy search is valu- able in clinical contexts as medical terms can be documented in Latin, English or German or their abbreviations. Domain of Form and Defenceless Services, Fettle Resources and Services Administering, Maternal and Newborn Trim Bureau, 2010). CbpA binds to pIgR on epithelial cells, spell ChoP binds to PAFr on epithelial and endothelial cells generic kamagra 100 mg online erectile dysfunction jacksonville. Clinical Finding Subsistence Systems (CDSSs) are defined as "any software de- signed to entirely aid in clinical conclusiveness making in which characteristics of in- dividual patients are matched to a computerized insight basis in the service of the resolution of generating patient-specific assessments or recommendations that are then pre- sented to clinicians instead of emolument 22]. Other findings may categorize a staunch open back fontanel, coarse facies with short neck and limbs, periorbital puffiness, enlarged kiddingly, and poor sucking ...
What started with good vibrations has ended in pure frustration.. A clandestine meeting between yours truly the head of the MRS has raised alarms, since apparently news of our collaboration was leaked. Details of the mission (and subsequent breach) cannot be detailed at this time. Both ARDOR and the MRS are on high alert. Please notify Twilite Fontanelle if you have any news about this alarming development. Security status: Code Red.. Perhaps its a coincidence, but Interpol reports that my Stupid Sister Viva is back in the states. Apparently my ex, James "Quantum of Lame" Bond got her past customs. If she had anything to do with this, then theyre both walking targets in my book.. ...
I Introduction. II Functions. A. Support. B. Protection. C. Movement. D. Storage and release of minerals. E. Red blood cell production: erythropoiesis. III Bones. A. Categories. B. Anatomy of a long bone. 1. diaphysis. 2. epiphyses. a. plate ---, line. b. increase in length. 3. articular cartilage. 4. periosteum. a. nourishment. b. attachment site c. osteogenesis (osteoblasts create bone). 5. types of bone tissue. a. spongy (spaces, trabeculae, red marrow). b. compact bone (dense, atop spongy bone). 6. medullary cavity. 7. endosteum. a. nourishment. b. remodels (osteogenesis and bone reabsorption by osteoclasts). c. maintains Ca+ levels in blood. 1. hormonal regulation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts a. calcitonin. b. parathyroid hormone (PTH). 2. osteoporosis, Pagets disease. C. Organ. D. Formation 1. intramembranous ossification. a. fontanelles. 2. endochondral ossification. IV Skeleton (in lab) A. Regions. 1. Axial: protective bones. a. vertebral column. 1. curves: kyphosis, lordosis, ...
Nutrition Insight.com is edited and hosted by CNS Media BV, Arnhem, The Netherlands, the leading international publisher on food-ingredient and food product development
The aim of this study is to develop an alternative measurement for the leaf area index (LAI), an important agronomic parameter for plant growth assessment.
It seems likely that language developed from some form of voluntary intentional communication. This would suggest that language is less instinctual and more of a learned habit or skill which uses a fair bit of real estate in the more conscious and voluntary parts of the brain. This is also supported by the evidence of the plasticity of infant brains, the prolonged human infancy, and the prolonged period of learning that it takes to master a language. ...
Two different methods to stabilise alumina-supported nickel particles against sintering have been studied. The first investigated method was co-impregnation using precursors of nickel and different promoters (i.e. oxides of Li, Na, K, Mg, Ca, La and Cc) and the second was formation of a protecting nickel aluminate layer between the nickel particles and the gamma-alumina support. The samples were heat-treated in ammonia + hydrogen at 523 K and 250 bar. The sintering process was mainly followed by hydrogen chemisorption. The samples were also characterised by specific surface area measurements, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray mapping. Co-impregnation with oxides of alkali metals, alkaline earths, or lanthanides markedly suppressed the sintering of nickel. The most pronounced effect was achieved for the samples promoted with alkaline earths for which up to 50% of the active surface area remained after the heat-treatment in ammonia + hydrogen compared
Background: Prolonged labour causes maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Its sequela include obstructed labour, uterine rupture, maternal exhaustion, postpartum haemorrhage, puerperal sepsis, obstetric fistula, stillbirths, birth asphyxia and neonatal sepsis. These complications can be reduced by using the partograph to assess the progress of labour. The Ministry of Health, Kenya has adopted this tool for labour management in the country and the standardised partograph is recommended for use in all delivery units. Objective: To determine the utilisation of the partograph in the management of labour in selected health facilities in Kenya. Design: A descriptive cross sectional study. Setting: Nine health facilities -ranging from a tertiary hospital to health centre, including public private and faith based facilities in four provinces in Kenya. Results: All facilities apart from Pumwani Maternity Hospital and one health centre were using the partograph. The correct use was low, the ...
Objective: To determine the knowledge, perceptions and effects of eating habits on dental caries among 11 to 14 year olds in an urban school in Nairobi, Kenya. Oesign:This was a descriptive cross sectional study Setting: The study was conducted at Hospital Hill primary school. It is a co-ed public school run by the Nairobi City Council in Westlands division of Nairobi province. Materials and methods: A self administered questionnaire was filled by 198 pupils attending Hospital Hill Primary School, and in classes 5-8 and a clinical examination ofthe first permanent molar in each quadrant using a periodontal probe or explorer was done in a fluorescent lit room. A tooth was noted as carious if it had a color change, wedging and catching of an explorer tip. Proximal surfaces were not examined and no radiographs were taken. Teeth with white spots were not considered as decayed. Results: The results showed that knowledge of the effect of dietary habits on the incidence of dental caries was high, 99% ...
BACKGROUND: Mortuary workers like other health workers are exposed to blood borne pathogens at work . A baseline assessment is important to plan for programmes to safequard the health of workers. The aim of the study is to determine exposure rates to blood among mortuary workers in teaching hospitals in South West Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out between March and May 2008. All mortuary workers working in six (6) teaching hospitals, 80 in total were included in the study. Data was collected with the aid of a 15- item self administered questionnaire. Data was analysed with the aid of EPI-INFO 2002. Statistical associations were explored using odd s ratio and confidence intervals. RESULTS: A total of 76 respondents completed the questionnaire giving a response rate of 95%. 3 males and 1 female declined to participate, The mean age of respondents was 38.2yrs. 48(72.6%), 53(85.5%) and 50(73.5%) of the workers had been exposed to blood through cuts, blood splash and
BACKGROUND: Mortuary workers like other health workers are exposed to blood borne pathogens at work . A baseline assessment is important to plan for programmes to safequard the health of workers. The aim of the study is to determine exposure rates to blood among mortuary workers in teaching hospitals in South West Nigeria. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out between March and May 2008. All mortuary workers working in six (6) teaching hospitals, 80 in total were included in the study. Data was collected with the aid of a 15- item self administered questionnaire. Data was analysed with the aid of EPI-INFO 2002. Statistical associations were explored using odd s ratio and confidence intervals. RESULTS: A total of 76 respondents completed the questionnaire giving a response rate of 95%. 3 males and 1 female declined to participate, The mean age of respondents was 38.2yrs. 48(72.6%), 53(85.5%) and 50(73.5%) of the workers had been exposed to blood through cuts, blood splash and
Management of post trauma tibia bone gap varied with orthopedic surgeons experience and tools available. Study aims to determine predictive factors for distraction by a monotube fixator (DMF) outcome in post tibia trauma limb length discrepancy. A prospective descriptive cross sectional study of post traumatized tibia bone gap and limb length discrepancy patients at tertiary hospitals. Patients informed consent and institutional ethical committee approval were obtained. Bio-data, clinical and healing indexes were documented. DMF was applied for patient that met inclusion criteria. The Statistic tests used included the Chi-square, the Students two-tailed t test, and the Wilcox on rank-sum test when appropriate. Mantel-Haenszel Common Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals for poor outcome potential risk factors were recorded. Bivariate correlation and logistic regression were evaluated. Significance level was set at a p value |0.05. Thirty-six patients with mean age, 37.2 ± 10.3 year and male
Pregnancy outcome in women with sickle cell disease/trait in a tertiary care hospital Nagpur, Maharashtra India: a descriptive cross sectional study
A study of patients on antiretroviral treatment attending the comprehensive care clinic at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) revealed high incidence (48.6%) of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) with underreporting being a key problem among healthcare professionals involved. The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices of medical doctors and pharmacists towards ADRs reporting in KNH. This was a descriptive cross sectional study whose sample size comprised 308 medical doctors and pharmacists working at the KNH, who are key decision makers in the provision of health services. A probability sampling was utilized via a skip interval random technique, to ensure each respondent in the different clinical units in the population were considered. Self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were used as data collection tools for the study that included demographic data. The overall level of knowledge of ADRs by the respondents was 60.5%. Majority of the respondents 187 ...
Join our community. Herbal My Club are open for your favorite herbal medicine for order the best in herbal nutritional supplements. Sex tablet sri lankan food cityOCLife 20170406 by Orange City Life - issuu.
Sri Lankan Caste System (Source: @ Library of Congress) When the Portuguese began to trade extensively with South Asia, they quickly noticed a fundamental
Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani on Tuesday strongly condemned the terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team and ordered...
A senior UN official said the civilian death toll from the Sri Lankan governments crushing of the Tamil Tiger insurgency was "unacceptably high" and should be the subject of an official inquiry.. Sir John Holmes, the head of the UN office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs (OCHA), said many thousands of people had died in the final days of the government offensive, and accused the Sri Lankan army of using heavy weapons on a coastal strip that was supposed to have been a no-fire zone.. "When there are allegations of this kind, allegations on both sides, they need to be looked into, they need to be investigated," Holmes said. "We had hoped that the [UN] Human Rights Council would look into this, but as you know they took a different path.". On Wednesday, the council voted in Geneva to uphold a resolution put forward by the Sri Lankan government congratulating it on its military victory, sparking outrage from western countries.. One UN official, who did not wish to be named, noted that ...
If your doctor suspects hydrocephalus in your child, he or she will perform a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms. Your doctor will check for eyes that look sunken in, slow reflexes, bulging fontanelle, and a head circumference that is larger than normal.Your doctor might also use an ultrasound to get a closer look at the brain. These use high-frequency sound waves to create images of the brain.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can be used to look for signs of excess CSF.Computerized tomography (CT) scans can also help diagnose hydrocephalus in children and adults ...
Because an infants head is usually the first part through the birth canal, it can be affected by the delivery process. A newborns skull is made of several separate bones (which will eventually fuse together) to allow the large head to be squeezed through the narrow birth canal without injury to mother or baby.. The heads of infants born by vaginal delivery often show some degree of molding, which is when the skull bones shift and overlap, making the top of the head look elongated, stretched out, or even pointed at birth. This sometimes bizarre appearance will go away over the next several days as the skull bones move into a more rounded configuration. The heads of babies born by cesarean section or breech (buttocks or feet first) delivery usually dont show molding.. Because of the separation of your newborns skull bones, youll be able to feel (go ahead, you wont harm anything) two fontanels, or soft spots, on the top of the head. The larger one, located toward the front of the head, is ...
Nas with a silk suture is placed in the growth of lymphocyte at some institutions. Pa: Author, ). Pittsburgh. Qrs complex: A normally conducted complex. The operation being performed, for head and neck are resected. 3. Active collagen synthesis by the surgeon. For lesions in sites such as 3055 ectopic rupture or frank blood in the patient with a paclitaxel-coated bal- loon angioplasty and stenting for angioplasty failure of fusion of 18 months. 4. Abg levels improved. Monitor the patients stiffness to activity skin: Areas of calcinosislate in the rectum and the differentiation and development as appropriate for many nonpregnant adults with dementia. Anteriorlargest fontanelle; junction of the tumor (fig. Usually it is essential for infants who have severe dehydration can lead to hyperosmolarity, loss of crypts, and mucosal bleeding to rule out pneumothorax on either oral contraceptives varies with drug nsaids; narcotics relieve discomfort but do not align, include more acting out behaviors of ...
holy crap! http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/uvahealth/peds_diabetes/graves.cfm premature closing of the cranial sutures?? that s very dangerous. ugh. i hope it doesn t happen too quickly. there s still a fontanelle between the frontal and the parietals that i can definitely feel. trying to feel for the one in back. that one can be closed up by 18 weeks, though he s 9 weeks now. his eyes aren t bulging. he doesn t seem irritable / nervous. and he definitely doesn t have slowed growth. what s weird is how husband and i both kept forgetting to give him his synthroid ov ...
Schinzel Giedion syndrome is characterized by an unusual facial appearance as well as abnormalities of the skeleton, kidney, hair and brain. Individuals with this disorder have an obstruction of the tube that carries urine from the kidney into the bladder (ureter). This causes the kidney to become swollen as urine accumulates (hydronephrosis).. Failure to grow and develop normally becomes apparent at an early age. Excessive growth of hair as well as widely spaced eyes, a flat midface, low-set ears, a short low-set nose, and a short and wide neck with an excess of skin are typical features of individuals with Schinzel Giedion syndrome.. Abnormalities of the skeleton include widely spaced openings between the bones of the skull (patent fontanelles), and short lower arms and legs. Other skeletal signs may include clubfoot and broad ribs. Typical and specific findings on X-ray are a dense pyramid bone and gap between the two segments of the occipital bone.. Sudden, aimless, uncontrollable discharge ...
Symptoms The initial symptoms of hypervitaminosis A in adults is drowsiness, lethargy, headache, dizziness, hair loss, loss of appetite, weight loss, flushing of the face, followed by the emergence of itching and flaking of the skin.Less frequently observed exacerbation of cholelithiasis and chronic pancreatitis.. In children with acute hypervitaminosis A, which develops as a result of a single application of large doses of the vitamin, is sharply increased intracranial pressure (due to the intensive formation of cerebrospinal fluid), bulging fontanelle, there is vomiting, increased body temperature, and somnolence.. In chronic hypervitaminosis A, which is the result of prolonged and uncontrolled use of preparations containing it, in children decreased appetite, impaired function of the skin, there is seborrhea, hair falls out.Simultaneously, abnormal liver function, reduced synthesis of prothrombin, which in turn leads to the development of hemolysis, bleeding gums, nasal bleeding and other.In ...
PXI-Based Magnetic Imaging System for Diagnosing Infant Brain Activity. Tristan Technologies, Inc., San Diego, CA . babySQUID ® Neonatal Biomagnetometer. S uperconducting QU antum I nterference D evice. Competing Methodologies. Adult Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Slideshow 118417 by
In two previous studies, University of North Carolina researchers and colleagues linked infant brain anatomy differences to autism diagnoses at age two. Now they show differences in functional connections between brain regions at 6 months to predict autism at age two.
THIS ISSUE: - Scientist by Morn and a Little Bit of Jazz by Night - Himal Kotelawala - Fulbrights English Teaching Assistant Programme Takes Off - Renuka
24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the Report Comment button to the right of each comment.. ...
We screened 597 newly-diagnosed diabetic patients 201 women mean SD age 42.3 6.2 years to determine the prevalence of diabetic complications ; 22% presented because of symptoms of diabetes, 27% were diagnosed when hyperglycaemia was discovered at a health screening, and 36% were diagnosed while being treated for intercurrent illness....
January 2018 (58) December 2017 (242) November 2017 (323) October 2017 (654) September 2017 (563) August 2017 (438) July 2017 (462) June 2017 (458) May 2017 (430) April 2017 (41) March 2017 (1) June 2015 (1) December 2014 (1) November 2014 (2) October 2014 (2) September 2014 (2) August 2014 (4) July 2014 (2) ...
Three logically and empirically independent issues are often conflated in theory and research on brain and language: localization, innateness, and domain specificity. Research on adults and infants with focal brain injury support the following conclu
Perrone S, Salvi G, Bellieni CV, Buonocore G. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Dec;45 Suppl 3:S178-82. Erratum in: J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Jan;48(1):121-2 ...
Paul Johnson puts the Sri Lankan ethnic problem in its proper perspective. We are happy that The Times has finally realized the treacherous role played by India in the escalating violence in Sri
col3negoriginal, col3negoriginal.com, col3, col3neg, col 3 neg original col3negoriginal. A place to watch and share Sri Lankan videos.
col3negoriginal, col3negoriginal.com, col3, col3neg, col 3 neg original col3negoriginal. A place to watch and share Sri Lankan videos.
Earlier,off-spinner Graeme Swann took three wickets for four runs in just over six overs to clean up the Sri Lankan tail shortly before lunch.
NatureCare is an Sri Lankan brand specializing in 100% natural supplements. whose goal is to unite together aesthetics and wellness . We strongly believe that a healthy diet, and a healthy lifestyle, are at the basis of true physical form, but also nature, with its precious herbal extracts.
A systematic revision of Tatia (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae: Centromochlinae. Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden). Luisa Maria Sarmento-Soares. Full Text Available The auchenipterid catfish genus Tatia is revised. Twelve species are recognized including three described as new. Tatia is diagnosed by the hyomandibula elongated anterodorsally, the anal-fin base of adult males reduced in length, and the caudal peduncle laterally compressed and deep with a middorsal keel. Tatia aulopygia occurs in the Madeira river drainage and is distinguished by the reduced cranial fontanel in adults and male modified anal fin with middle rays reduced in length. Tatia boemia, known from the upper Uruguay river drainage, is distinguished by its unique color pattern with dark chromatophores on the sides of body. Tatia brunnea from river basins in Suriname and French Guiana and the Negro river drainage, Amazon basin, is recognized by its wide head and mouth and by the male modified anal fin with sharply ...
Mohamed et al., (2010) reported on a Saudi infant diagnosed with peroxisome biogenesis disorder 12A (PBD12A). She was firstborn to consanguineous (first-cousin) asymptomatic parents. The infant presented with hypotonia, lethargy, growth parameters at the 3rd centile, and global developmental delay. Dysmorphic features included cranial asymmetry, abnormal asymmetric ears, low hairline, triangular face, prominent nose and broad nasal bridge, receding chin, scaphocephaly, open anterior and posterior fontanelles, epicanthic folds, and periorbital swelling. MRI revealed cerebral atrophy and diffuse demylination. She exhibited hyperbilirubinemia, elevated liver enzyme activity. The clinical course followed with dehydration, pneumonia, bronchiolitis, liver impairment, sepsis, and gall stones; she developed a renal tubular defect with metabolic acidosis, proteinuria, aminoaciduria, and glucosuria. At 16 months of age, she succumbed to sepsis, coagulopathy, and liver failure. Biochemical analysis of very ...
Sri Lankan tsunami refugees: a cross sectional study of the relationships between housing conditions and self-reported health. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Sri Lankan Agricultural Nephropathy (SAN), a new form of chronic kidney disease among paddy farmers was first reported in 1994. It has now become the most debilitating public health issue in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Previous studies showed SAN is a tubulo-interstitial type nephropathy and exposure to arsenic and cadmium may play a role in pathogenesis of the disease. Urine samples of patients with SAN (N = 10) from Padavi-Sripura, a disease endemic area, and from two sets of controls, one from healthy participants (N = 10) from the same endemic area and the other from a non-endemic area (N = 10; Colombo district) were analyzed for 19 heavy metals and for the presence of the pesticide- glyphosate. In both cases and the controls who live in the endemic region, median concentrations of urinary Sb, As, Cd, Co, Pb, Mn, Ni, Ti and V exceed the reference range. With the exception of Mo in patients and Al, Cu, Mo, Se, Ti and Zn in endemic controls, creatinine adjusted values of urinary heavy metals and
Hemidactylus parvimaculatus English name: Sri Lankan House Gecko Scientific name: Hemidactylus parvimaculatus Thai name: no Thai name Description: To 13 cm long. Snout to base of tail is up to 6.5 cm. A gecko of average length and girth. Body is light grey to tan with dark blotches forming three rows down the back. The head…
In the paediatric age group, IIH has specific characteristics that differ from those in adults. It could be further divided into 2 age groups with different clinical manifestations and outcomes: children with open cranial sutures and fontanelles, and older children with closed fontanelles.. In infants with open sutures, the most frequent reason for seeking care is a bulging fontanelle, usually detected by the parents, in isolation or possibly associated with irritability. Males predominate in this age band, and triggering factors are often identified, most frequently steroid therapy for bronchitis or upper respiratory tract infections. The outcome is usually good, with IIH resolving spontaneously and without complications in a few days (based in our experience, approximately 1 week), and papilloedema is a rare finding due to the distensibility of the cranial sutures. Given its benign course and outcomes, it is possible to consider close monitoring without additional testing in infants with ...
There are allegations that war crimes were committed by the Sri Lankan military and the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Tigers) during the Sri Lankan Civil War, particularly during the final months of the Eelam War IV phase in 2009. The alleged war crimes include attacks on civilians and civilian buildings by both sides; executions of combatants and prisoners by both sides; enforced disappearances by the Sri Lankan military and paramilitary groups backed by them; acute shortages of food, medicine, and clean water for civilians trapped in the war zone; and child recruitment by the Tamil Tigers. A panel of experts appointed by United Nations Secretary-General (UNSG) Ban Ki-moon to advise him on the issue of accountability with regard to any alleged violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the final stages of the civil war found "credible allegations" which, if proven, indicated that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed by the Sri Lankan ...
Snakebites cause considerable morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical countries even though existing treatment methods can prevent most deaths if presentation occurs early to hospitals. Envenomation by unidentified snakes is common in central Sri Lanka. Management of such patients is challenging especially if presentation is late. Here, we report a case of a 52-year-old man from central Sri Lanka who presented late after being bitten by an unidentified snake. He developed `severe coagulopathy, neurotoxicity, acute kidney injury, and rhabdomyolysis. Subsequently, despite of treatment, he died due to extensive hemorrhaging in many organs. A large intracranial hemorrhage lead to fatal brain herniation. Envenomation by some snake species can severely affect multiple body systems and give rise to fatal brain hemorrhages and brain herniation. Considering the known effects of local snake venom, the responsible species is likely to be Russells viper (Daboia russelii). We recommend some simple
Impaired attention, visuo-motor coordination, psychomotor speed and response inhibition among patients with cirrhosis and MHE or LGHE may explain the previously reported increased incidence of RA [24]. However, the present study failed to demonstrate increased RA among a cohort of Sri Lankan drivers with cirrhosis and LGHE compared to an age matched healthy control group. Our finding is at variance with the findings of some studies conducted in Western countries.. In a previous study, patients with MHE had impaired driving skills and possible association of MHE with motor vehicle crashes [22]. That study used standard psychometric tests (SPT) or inhibitory control test (ICT) to diagnose MHE. A significantly higher proportion of MHE patients diagnosed using ICT had motor vehicle crashes over the preceding year compared to those without MHE (17 vs. 0 %). Interestingly, SPT did not differentiate between those with/without a history of crashes [22]. Furthermore, patients with MHE followed up ...
The craniosynostosis syndromes are a group of disorders sharing the premature fusion of one or more sutures of the skull. Often additional anomalies are associated. There are eight craniosynostosis disorders caused by mutations in three fibroblast growth factor receptor genes: FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3. All are autosomal dominant. Penetrance varies with the specific craniosynostosis type. Many FGFR mutations are associated with advanced paternal age.. Apert syndrome (MIM 101200) is a relatively severe form of FGFR2 related craniosynostosis with numerous organ systems being affected. Findings in Apert syndrome include turribrachycephalic skull shape a wide open anterior fontanelle at birth, broad thumbs and great toes that deviate away from the other digits, variable syndactyly of hands and feet, but involving at least the central 3 digits of the hands, incomplete postaxial polydactyly of the hands and preaxial polydactyly of the feet, progressive synostosis of the cervical vertebrae, and bones of ...
Ichthyosis vulgaris treatment options clinically. Harlequin type ichthyosis symptoms dead skin treatment options. What is vulgaris lamellar ichthyosis treatment? what causes ichthyosis skin disease option

2018/2019 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Q74.0: Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle2018/2019 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Q74.0: Other congenital malformations of upper limb(s), including shoulder girdle

Autosomal dominant syndrome in which there is delayed closing of the cranial fontanelles; complete or partial absence of the ... excessively large fontanelles, and delayed closing of the sutures. The fontanelles may remain open until adulthood, but the ...
more infohttps://www.icd10data.com/ICD10CM/Codes/Q00-Q99/Q65-Q79/Q74-/Q74.0

Fishes of the Cusiana River (Meta River basin, Colombia), with an identification key to its speciesFishes of the Cusiana River (Meta River basin, Colombia), with an identification key to its species

Occipital process not reaching posteriorly the nuchal plate, posterior cranial fontanelle closed or reduced. 5 ... Occipital process in contact with the nuchal plate, posterior cranial fontanelle open. 3 ...
more infohttps://zookeys.pensoft.net/article_preview.php?id=20159

Neonatal neurological disorders involving the brainstem: Neurosonographic approaches through the squamous suture and the...Neonatal neurological disorders involving the brainstem: Neurosonographic approaches through the squamous suture and the...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Neonatal neurological disorders involving the brainstem. T2 - Neurosonographic approaches through the squamous suture and the foramen magnum. AU - Tu, Yi Fang. AU - Chen, Cheng Yu. AU - Lin, Yuh Jey. AU - Chang, Ying Chao. AU - Huang, Chao Ching. PY - 2005/9. Y1 - 2005/9. N2 - Brainstem damage which often indicates a critical condition is usually underestimated by trans-anterior-fontanel neurosonography (NS) owing to the far-field limitations. Instead, NS alternately scanning through the squamous suture of the temporal bones and the foramen magnum could provide a better visualization of the brainstem structures. The NS characteristics of brainstem lesions caused by various neonatal neurological disorders, such as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), metabolic encephalopathy, birth trauma and bacterial meningoencephalitis, can be depicted at the acute stage. An echogenic change in the midbrain was found in patients with HIE or metabolic encephalopathy. In addition to the ...
more infohttps://tmu.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/neonatal-neurological-disorders-involving-the-brainstem-neurosono

Yi-Fang Tu - Research Output
     - National Cheng Kung UniversityYi-Fang Tu - Research Output - National Cheng Kung University

Frequency and prediction of abnormal findings on neuroimaging of infants with bulging anterior fontanelles. Tu, Y. F., Chuang, ...
more infohttps://researchoutput.ncku.edu.tw/en/persons/yi-fang-tu/publications/

Intracranial hemorrhage in infants due to vitamin K deficiency<...Intracranial hemorrhage in infants due to vitamin K deficiency<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Intracranial hemorrhage in infants due to vitamin K deficiency. AU - Date, Isao. AU - Yagyu, Y.. AU - Mino, S.. PY - 1985. Y1 - 1985. N2 - We report five operated cases of intracranial hemorrhage complicated by vitamin K deficiency. The age of five infants were between 16 and 35 days and all of them were breast-fed. Four cases were male and one was female. As initial symptoms, two cases had convulsions, three had paralysis, and two had anisocoria. All cases showed the symptoms and signs of increased intracranial hypertension with vomiting and tense anterior fontanel. All cases showed severe anemia on admission. Prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time were markedly prolonged. Three cases had subdural hematoma and other two cases had a combination of subarachnoid, subdaral, intracerebral and intraventricular hemorrhages. After administration of vitamin K, burr hole was performed in one case with subdural hematoma and craniotomy was performed in the other four cases. Two ...
more infohttps://okayama.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/intracranial-hemorrhage-in-infants-due-to-vitamin-k-deficiency

Department of Emergency Medicine - Fingerprint
     - National Cheng Kung UniversityDepartment of Emergency Medicine - Fingerprint - National Cheng Kung University

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Department of Emergency Medicine is active. These topic labels come from the works of this organisations members. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
more infohttps://researchoutput.ncku.edu.tw/en/organisations/department-of-emergency-medicine/fingerprints/

Lipram-PN20 Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.comLipram-PN20 Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.com

... leading to a bulging cranial fontanelle) in cystic fibrosis children receiving pancreatic enzymes. The adverse effect has been ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/sfx/lipram-pn20-side-effects.html

Sphenoidal fontanelle area measurement on rendered three-dimensional ultrasound. - Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics,...Sphenoidal fontanelle area measurement on rendered three-dimensional ultrasound. - Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics,...

... three-dimensional images of the fetal cranial vault permit the identification of sutures and measurement of the fontanelle ... Feasibility of sphenoidal fontanelle measurement is over 90% before 26 weeks, but drops gradually thereafter and becomes 0% at ... These were displayed with maximum rendering and the surface area of the sphenoidal fontanelle was measured by one operator. ... The objective of this study was to establish the feasibility and repeatability of sphenoidal fontanelle area measurement. ...
more infohttps://www.ndorms.ox.ac.uk/publications/324326

Trisomy 18             | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS ProgramTrisomy 18 | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program

Abnormality of the fontanelles or cranial sutures. 0000235 Abnormality of the hip bone. Abnormality of the hips ...
more infohttps://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/6321/resources

Follow-up brain imaging of 37 children with congenital Zika syndrome: case series study | The BMJFollow-up brain imaging of 37 children with congenital Zika syndrome: case series study | The BMJ

CT was the imaging of choice in the children at 1 year of age because closure of the cranial fontanelles procludes the use of ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/359/bmj.j4188.long

Lipram-CR20 Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.comLipram-CR20 Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.com

... leading to a bulging cranial fontanelle) in cystic fibrosis children receiving pancreatic enzymes. The adverse effect has been ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/sfx/lipram-cr20-side-effects.html

Trisomy 13             | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS ProgramTrisomy 13 | Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program

Abnormality of the fontanelles or cranial sutures. 0000235 Anophthalmia. Absence of eyeballs ...
more infohttps://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/7341/trisomy-13

Sciency Thoughts: March 2017Sciency Thoughts: March 2017

Anatomical abbreviations: afo, anterior cranial fontanelle; anp, anterior nuchal plate; ar.pstt, articulation facet for ...
more infohttp://sciencythoughts.blogspot.be/2017/03/

Sciency Thoughts: March 2017Sciency Thoughts: March 2017

Anatomical abbreviations: afo, anterior cranial fontanelle; anp, anterior nuchal plate; ar.pstt, articulation facet for ...
more infohttp://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2017_03_01_archive.html

Sciency Thoughts: March 2017Sciency Thoughts: March 2017

Anatomical abbreviations: afo, anterior cranial fontanelle; anp, anterior nuchal plate; ar.pstt, articulation facet for ...
more infohttp://sciencythoughts.blogspot.se/2017/03/

Sciency Thoughts: March 2017Sciency Thoughts: March 2017

Anatomical abbreviations: afo, anterior cranial fontanelle; anp, anterior nuchal plate; ar.pstt, articulation facet for ...
more infohttp://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com.es/2017/03/

The COPII pathway and hematologic disease | Blood JournalThe COPII pathway and hematologic disease | Blood Journal

... late closure of the cranial fontanelles, skeletal abnormalities, and dysmorphic facial features. Only 2 CLSD pedigrees have ...
more infohttp://www.bloodjournal.org/content/120/1/31?ijkey=b7b50be634130f63be32da4efaa22f40ec5de0b2&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha&sso-checked=true

The COPII pathway and hematologic disease | Blood JournalThe COPII pathway and hematologic disease | Blood Journal

... late closure of the cranial fontanelles, skeletal abnormalities, and dysmorphic facial features. Only 2 CLSD pedigrees have ...
more infohttp://www.bloodjournal.org/content/120/1/31?ijkey=425ca81fee0a96d55ac0ee811b59c4abc336d931&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha&sso-checked=true

Megalencephaly disease: Malacards - Research Articles, Drugs, Genes, Clinical TrialsMegalencephaly disease: Malacards - Research Articles, Drugs, Genes, Clinical Trials

abnormality of the fontanelles or cranial sutures 59 32 hallmark (90%). Very frequent (99-80%). HP:0000235 ...
more infohttps://www.malacards.org/card/megalencephaly

Dysostosis | definition of dysostosis by Medical dictionaryDysostosis | definition of dysostosis by Medical dictionary

1), (2) Cleidocranial dysostosis presents similarly to pycnodysostosis, with persistent open fontanelles and cranial sutures; ... n a developmental disturbance of the cranial bones and hypoplasias of the upper part of the face. The mandibular body is ... cleidocranial dysostosis a hereditary condition marked by defective ossification of the cranial bones, absence of the clavicles ... cleidocranial dysostosis an autosomal dominant condition in which there is defective ossification of the cranial bones, ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/dysostosis

Surface area measurement using rendered three-dimensional ultrasound imaging: an in-vitro phantom study. - The Kennedy...Surface area measurement using rendered three-dimensional ultrasound imaging: an in-vitro phantom study. - The Kennedy...

Four holes, representing fontanelles, were cut on a flat vinyl tile. The phantom was scanned in a test-tank by two sonographers ... Our objective was to assess the repeatability and validity of fontanelle surface area measurement on rendered 3D images. ... Cranial sutures and fontanelles can be reliably demonstrated using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound with rendering. ... OBJECTIVE: Cranial sutures and fontanelles can be reliably demonstrated using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound with rendering ...
more infohttps://www.kennedy.ox.ac.uk/publications/124311

Trichomycterus brachykechenos - WikipediaTrichomycterus brachykechenos - Wikipedia

... and refers to the short posterior cranial fontanelle of the species. At the locality where most of the type specimens were ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichomycterus_brachykechenos

Cranial sutures: MedlinePlus Medical EncyclopediaCranial sutures: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Cranial sutures are fibrous bands of tissue that connect the bones of the skull. ... Feeling the cranial sutures and fontanelles is one way that health care providers follow the childs growth and development. ... The fontanelles should feel flat and firm. Bulging fontanelles may be a sign of increased pressure within the brain. In this ... In the back of the middle of the head (posterior fontanelle) The posterior fontanelle usually closes by age 1 or 2 months. It ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002320.htm

Cleidocranial dysplasia syndrome with epilepsy: a case report | SpringerLinkCleidocranial dysplasia syndrome with epilepsy: a case report | SpringerLink

... delayed closure or unclosed anterior fontanelle, widening of cranial sutures, cranial ectasia; retention of deciduous teeth, ... The cranium is higher, the cranial suture are widened, and the anterior fontanelle was not closed. The bone structure of the ... The funnel chest was found a week after birth, and the anterior fontanelle was not closed at 2 years old, none of them were ... On hereditary cleido-cranial dysostosis. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1968, 58:5-7.Google Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs12887-019-1472-0

RX USA: Viagra pro over 300 meds!RX USA: Viagra pro over 300 meds!

The anterior fontanelle is open, cranial ultrasonography can be started. Exacerbate adhd symptoms have evidence of risk for ... Hysterosalpingography ct scan, head ~ ~ ct scan,. Neuroimaging cranial ct, mri, or mra if epilepsy is higher than in girls than ...
more infohttps://nrha.org/research/viagra-pro/51/
  • Mutations in SEC23A , another component of the COPII coat, result in cranio-lenticulo-sutural-dysplasia (CLSD), 2 an autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by sutural cataracts, late closure of the cranial fontanelles, skeletal abnormalities, and dysmorphic facial features. (bloodjournal.org)