Crack Cocaine: The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Cocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Phencyclidine Abuse: The misuse of phencyclidine with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Dangerous Behavior: Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.Alcian Blue: A copper-containing dye used as a gelling agent for lubricants, for staining of bacteria and for the dyeing of histiocytes and fibroblasts in vivo.Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction: A histochemical technique for staining carbohydrates. It is based on PERIODIC ACID oxidation of a substance containing adjacent hydroxyl groups. The resulting aldehydes react with Schiff reagent to form a colored product.HemosiderinDrug Users: People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Bronchioles: The small airways branching off the TERTIARY BRONCHI. Terminal bronchioles lead into several orders of respiratory bronchioles which in turn lead into alveolar ducts and then into PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.HIV Seropositivity: Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).TexasFamous PersonsMotion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Accidents, AviationSuggestion: The uncritical acceptance of an idea or plan of action.NevadaMarriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Social Networking: Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Somalia: Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.Health Systems Plans: Statements of goals for the delivery of health services pertaining to the Health Systems Agency service area, established under PL 93-641, and consistent with national guidelines for health planning.Pathology, Surgical: A field of anatomical pathology in which living tissue is surgically removed for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment.MichiganVideo Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Stars, Celestial: Large bodies consisting of self-luminous gas held together by their own gravity. (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dacarbazine: An antineoplastic agent. It has significant activity against melanomas. (from Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed, p564)Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Viburnum: A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. The common name derives from its traditional use for menstrual cramps. It is a source of viburnine, valerianic acid, vibsanin, and ursolic acid. Note that true cranberry is VACCINIUM MACROCARPON.Racism: Differential treatment or unequal access to opportunities, based on group membership such as origin or ethnicity.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Los AngelesAggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.

The epidemic of cocaine-related juxtapyloric perforations: with a comment on the importance of testing for Helicobacter pylori. (1/175)

OBJECTIVE: This is a report of 50 consecutive patients with juxtapyloric perforations after smoking "crack" cocaine (cocaine base) at one urban public hospital. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although the exact causal relation between smoking crack cocaine and a subsequent juxtapyloric perforation has not been defined, surgical services in urban public hospitals now treat significant numbers of male addicts with such perforations. This report describes the patient set, presentation, and surgical management and suggests a possible role for Helicobacter pylori in contributing to these perforations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed, supplemented by data from the patient log in the department of surgery. RESULTS: From 1994 to 1998, 50 consecutive patients (48 men, 2 women) with a mean age of 37 had epigastric pain and signs of peritonitis a median of 2 to 4 hours (but up to 48 hours) after smoking crack cocaine. A history of chronic smoking of crack as well as chronic alcohol abuse was noted in all patients; four had a prior history of presumed ulcer disease in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Free air was present on an upright abdominal x-ray in 84% of patients, and all underwent operative management. A 3- to 5-mm juxtapyloric perforation, usually in the prepyloric area, was found in all patients. Omental patch closure was used in 49 patients and falciform ligament closure in 1. Two patients underwent parietal cell vagotomy as well. In the later period of the review, antral mucosal biopsies were performed through the juxtapyloric perforation in five patients. Urease testing was positive for infection with H. pyonri in four, and these patients were prescribed appropriate antimicrobial drugs. CONCLUSIONS: Juxtapyloric perforations after the smoking of crack cocaine occur in a largely male population of drug addicts who are 8 to 10 years younger than the patient group that historically has perforations in the pyloroduodenal area. These perforations are usually 3 to 5 mm in diameter, and an antral mucosal biopsy for subsequent urease testing should be performed if the location and size of the ulcer allow this to be done safely. Omental patch closure is appropriate therapy for patients without a history of prior ulcer disease; antimicrobial therapy and omeprazole are prescribed when H. pylori is present.  (+info)

The incidence of T2-weighted MR imaging signal abnormalities in the brain of cocaine-dependent patients is age-related and region-specific. (2/175)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cocaine and its metabolites can produce vasospasm, and cocaine-dependent patients are at increased risk for stroke. Based on previous case reports, we hypothesized that the incidence of hyperintense brain lesions observed on T2-weighted MR images would also be increased in asymptomatic cocaine-dependent individuals. METHODS: Sixty-two male "crack" (smoked) cocaine-dependent participants ranging in age from 25 to 66 years were compared with 116 normal male control participants ranging in age from 25 to 80 years. Those with histories of neurologic symptoms or illnesses were excluded. The severity of hyperintense lesions was rated on a 0- to 3-point scale, and ratings of 3 were used in the data analysis as an indicator of a probable pathologic process. Three regions were separately rated: the cerebral white matter, insular subcortex white matter, and subcortical gray matter (basal ganglia and thalamus region). RESULTS: Significantly increased risk of severe lesions was observed in the two white matter regions of the cocaine-dependent group (odds ratio of 16.7 and 20.3) but not in the subcortial gray matter region (odds ratio of 1.4). In the insula subcortex white matter, the risk of lesions increased with age in the cocaine-dependant sample, but remained essentially absent among normal controls through the age of 80 years. In the cerebral white matter, the relationship of age and risk of lesion among normal participants was similar in shape to that in cocaine-dependent participants, but equivalent risk was seen 20 years earlier among cocaine-dependent participants. CONCLUSIONS: Cocaine-dependent participants had a significantly increased age-related risk of white matter damage. The possible clinical implications of this damage are discussed.  (+info)

A staff dialogue on a socially distanced patient: psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and caregivers. (3/175)

Shortly before his death in 1995, Kenneth B. Schwartz, a cancer patient at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), founded The Kenneth B. Schwartz Center at MGH. The Schwartz Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting and advancing compassionate health care delivery, which provides hope to the patient, support to caregivers, and encourages the healing process. The center sponsors the Schwartz Center Rounds, a monthly multidisciplinary forum where caregivers reflect on important psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and their caregivers, and gain insight and support from fellow staff members. The following case of an HIV-positive woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer during a twin pregnancy was discussed at the May, 1999 Schwartz Center Rounds. The patient was in drug rehabilitation having been dependent on crack cocaine, with a past history of syphilis and gonorrhea. She was single and her other children were in foster care. Initially she was suspicious and non-compliant. A plan was negotiated to biopsy the cervical lesion after cesarean section and with confirmation of malignancy she underwent radical surgery and subsequently radiotherapy. Despite the almost insurmountable social and educational distance between her and her caregivers, they managed to bond and facilitate care. Although there were compromises with which staff were uncomfortable, the relationship was maintained and continues.  (+info)

Crack-cocaine users as victims of physical attack. (4/175)

This study evaluates the correlates of physical attack among people who use crack cocaine in Dayton, Ohio. Using a retrospective and prospective natural history design, data from baseline and 1-year follow-up interviews were used to calculate the prevalence of physical attack and the annual rate of physical attack suffered by 440 not-in-treatment crack-cocaine users. Logistic regression was used to determine the correlates of physical attack. The lifetime prevalence of physical attack was 63.0%; the annual rate was 36.8%. At baseline, daily crack users were more likely to report a previous attack since they began using crack (odds ratio [OR], 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-2.77). Longer duration of crack use was also associated with experiencing an attack (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04-1.14). Between baseline and 12-month follow-up, the odds of men being attacked were significantly less than those for women (OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.23-0.99). Physical attack is widespread among crack-cocaine users, and does not vary by ethnicity. Injuries often result in the need for medical care. Over the short term, women are at increased risk. Accessible and effective drug abuse treatment is needed to diminish the harm this population suffers.  (+info)

Quantitation of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, cocaethylene, methylecgonine, and norcocaine in human hair by positive ion chemical ionization (PICI) gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. (5/175)

A total of 30 human head-hair samples were analyzed for cocaine (COC), cocaethylene (CE), benzoylecgonine (BE), methylecgonine (EME), and norcocaine (NCOC) using a sensitive positive ion chemical ionization gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS-MS) method. All 30 hair samples had been previously submitted to the laboratory and had confirmed positive for cocaine. Hair samples (20 mg each) were cut into small segments (2-5 mm) and incubated overnight at 45 degrees C in 0.1 N HCl after the addition of 50 microL of an internal standard mix of COC-d3 (1.0 ng/mg), BE-d3 (0.5 ng/mg), EME-d3 (0.25 ng/mg), and NCOC-d3 (0.25 ng/mg). The samples were then extracted with Clean Screen extraction columns from United Chemical Technologies, Inc. The final extract was evaporated to dryness and derivatized with 50 microL of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol and 50 microL of trifluoroacetic anhydride at 90 degrees C for 15 min. The derivatized samples were allowed to cool to room temperature, evaporated to dryness, and then reconstituted in 50 microL of ethyl acetate. Parent set masses (unbolded ions) and product ions were m/z 304 and m/z 182 and 82 (COC), m/z 307 and m/z 185 and 85 (COC-d3), m/z 318 and m/z 196 and 82 (CE), m/z 440 and m/z 318 and 105 (BE), m/z 443 and m/z 321 and 105 (BE-d3), m/z 296 and m/z 182, and 82 (EME), m/z 299 and m/z 185 and 85 (EME-d3), m/z 403 and m/z 386 and 105 (NCOC), m/z 406 and m/z 389 and 105 (NCOC-d3). Quantitation was accomplished by calculating the area ratio of the higher mass product ion (underlined ions) of analyte to the respective internal standard based on multilevel calibrations from 0.01 to 10.0 ng/mg. The GC-MS-MS method had a limit of detection of 0.01 ng/mg and a limit of quantitation of 0.05 ng/mg for all five analytes. COC, BE, and EME were detected in all 30 samples, and CE and NCOC were found in 19 and 29 samples, respectively. The average relative percentages of each metabolite normalized to the cocaine concentrations were 12.8%, 15.4%, 1.8%, and 2.5% for BE, CE, EME, and NCOC, respectively.  (+info)

Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections and associated risk factors among populations of drug abusers. (6/175)

A cross-sectional survey was conducted of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and risky behaviors among 407 drug abusers in treatment facilities in 1998. Infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and syphilis were detected by testing serum antibody levels; chlamydia and gonorrhea were detected by testing nucleic acid levels in urine. Logistic regression analysis was performed to measure associations. Prevalences of antibodies were as follows: to HSV-2, 44.4%; to HCV, 35.1%; to HBV, 29.5%; to HIV, 2.7%. The prevalence of syphilis was 3.4%; of chlamydia, 3.7%; and of gonorrhea, 1.7%. Of the 407 subjects, approximately 62% had markers for 1 of the STDs. HIV infection was associated with African American race, use of smokable freebase (crack) cocaine, and STD history. HBV infection was associated with age >30 years, injecting drugs, needle sharing, a history of treatment for drug abuse, and African American race. HCV infection was associated with an age >30 years, injecting drugs, and needle sharing, and HSV-2 infection with an age >30 years, female sex, and African American race. Syphilis was associated with a history of STDs. High prevalences of STDs among drug abusers indicate the need for integration of STD screening and treatment into drug treatment programs.  (+info)

Hepatitis C virus infection: prevalence, risk factors, and prevention opportunities among young injection drug users in Chicago, 1997-1999. (7/175)

The prevalence, risk factors, and prevention opportunities of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were studied in a large sample of 698 young adult injection drug users (IDUs) in Chicago, 18-30 years old. Participants were recruited between 1997 and 1999 by using street outreach, targeted advertising, and chain-referral methods. HCV infection prevalence was 27% and was strongly associated with both age and duration of injecting (P<.001). In multivariable analysis, sexual behaviors were unrelated to seropositivity. Independent drug-related risk factors included frequent injection, heavy crack smoking, injecting in a shooting gallery, and syringe-mediated sharing. Urban residents were more likely than suburban residents to be infected. Most research on hepatitis C has shown rapid spread of infection among IDUs, but these findings underscore that opportunities to identify IDUs uninfected with HCV may be greater than assumed and emphasize the need to target younger, newer IDUs.  (+info)

Sexually transmitted infections among HIV seropositive men and women. (8/175)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of identified STIs and recognised symptoms of STIs and their association with health status, substance use, and sexual risk behaviour in a sample of HIV seropositive men and women. METHODS: 223 men, 112 women, and five transsexual people living with HIV infection completed confidential surveys. Participants were recruited through community based services, community health clinics, and snowball (chain) recruitment techniques in Atlanta, GA, USA in December 1999. RESULTS: We found that (263) 78% of participants had been sexually active in the previous 3 months. For the entire sample, 42 (12%) participants reported an STI in the past 3 months and 40 (11%) experienced symptoms of an STI without indicating a specific diagnosis in that time. Gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis, and newly diagnosed herpes simplex virus (HSV) were identified at similar rates among men, whereas trichomonas, gonorrhoea, and newly diagnosed HSV occurred most often in women. STIs were associated with substance use in men and women, with "crack" cocaine users having the greatest likelihood of an STI relative to non-crack users. STIs were also associated with continued practice of sexual risk behaviours. CONCLUSIONS: This sample of people living with HIV-AIDS reported high rates of diagnoses and symptoms of STIs. There were significant associations between STIs, substance use, and continued high risk sexual practices in men and women. These findings support the need for studies that confirm prevalence of STIs using clinical laboratory tests.  (+info)

In this cross-sectional study, the researchers sought to classify a sample of HIV-positive African-American crack cocaine smokers into homogenous HIV drug ...
The short term effects of crack cocaine can be felt upon users initial hit of crack. The individual begins to feel the effects of crack cocaine immediately; they experience an increase in energy, temperature, mental alertness, heart rate, constricted blood vessels, as well as a decrease in appetite. These temporary effects of crack cocaine are as short lived as the users high. Because crack cocaine is smoked causing it to travel through the blood up to the brain much faster than cocaine which is snorted, the user experiences these short term effects more intensely. The duration and intensity of these short term effects of crack cocaine are based on the amount of crack cocaine that is used.. The long term effects of crack cocaine affect the user physically, mentally, and emotionally. An individuals long term effects from crack cocaine vary from person to person depending on their length and intensity of abuse. In general, the long term effects of crack cocaine include restlessness, mood change, ...
This study will evaluate the efficacy of an integrated Retention Clinic in achieving virologic suppression among HIV-infected cocaine (including crack) users by using a two-group randomized, prospective trial.. Participants will be randomized to one of two groups: 1) Retention Clinic group and 2) Treatment as Usual. The intervention content of these groups is briefly described below:. Retention Clinic (RC) Group: This group will receive comprehensive and integrated services from a Retention Clinic. Services include HIV primary care, substance abuse treatment and mental health services, as needed. Participants in this group will also receive hands-on assistance with navigating through the clinic and accessing these services from a patient navigator.. Treatment as Usual (TAU) Group: This group will receive no protocol directed intervention. They will get the standard retention services from their local clinic.. All participants will provide informed consent and will complete a baseline audio ...
This study will evaluate the efficacy of an integrated Retention Clinic in achieving virologic suppression among HIV-infected cocaine (including crack) users by using a two-group randomized, prospective trial.. Participants will be randomized to one of two groups: 1) Retention Clinic group and 2) Treatment as Usual. The intervention content of these groups is briefly described below:. Retention Clinic (RC) Group: This group will receive comprehensive and integrated services from a Retention Clinic. Services include HIV primary care, substance abuse treatment and mental health services, as needed. Participants in this group will also receive hands-on assistance with navigating through the clinic and accessing these services from a patient navigator.. Treatment as Usual (TAU) Group: This group will receive no protocol directed intervention. They will get the standard retention services from their local clinic.. All participants will provide informed consent and will complete a baseline audio ...
This data collection compares a sample of persons arrested for offenses related to crack cocaine with a sample arrested for offenses related to powdered cocaine. The collection is one of two parts of a study designed to examine the characteristics of crack users and sellers, the impact of large numbers of crack-related offenders on the criminal justice system, and their effects on drug treatment and community programs. Official arrest records and supplementary data bases are used to analyze the official arrest, conviction, and incarceration histories of powdered cocaine and crack defendants. Questions addressed by the collection include: (1) How are defendants charged with crack-related offenses different from defendants charged with offenses related to powdered cocaine? (2) Is there a difference between the ways the criminal justice system handles crack offenders and powdered cocaine offenders in pretrial detention, charges filed, case dispositions, and sentencing? (3) How do the criminal ...
The present analysis compares HIV and HCV prevalence and associated gender-specific risk patterns of dual users (i.e., crack smokers who inject drugs) and never injectors. Two logistic models, one restricted to female and the other to male crack smokers, were constructed to identify gender-specific risk factors associated with dual use (p | 0.05). Of 437 crack smokers, 246 (56%) were dual users while 191 (44%) were never injectors.
On July 31, 2012, Washington sold .69 grams of crack cocaine to a confidential informant working with the Metropolitan Drug Enforcement Network Team (MDENT) in exchange for $100. The illegal transaction took place in Charleston. Also, on August 7, 2012, Washington met an informant at a predetermined location in Charleston and sold the informant 1.01 grams of crack cocaine in exchange for $200. On August 12, 2012, officers conducted a traffic stop of a vehicle that was occupied by Washington and an associate. During the traffic stop, a police dog gave a positive indication of the presence of drugs. Police searched the vehicle and found 241 grams of crack cocaine hidden inside of the center console. Washington had obtained the crack cocaine the previous day and admitted that he intended to sell it. ...
STATESVILLE, N.C. - U.S. District Judge Richard L. Voorhees handed down yesterday lengthy prison terms to three individuals involved in a crack cocaine conspiracy, announced Jill Westmoreland Rose, U.S. Attorney for the Western District of North Carolina. John Fitzgerald "Pumpy" Michaux, 31, of Hickory, N.C., and Terron Juandre "Wordle" Michaux, 29, of Lenoir, N.C. were each sentenced to 168 months in prison followed by five years of supervised release. Jeremy "Tank" Dula, 28, of Lenoir, was sentenced to 80 months in prison and four years of supervised release for his role in the conspiracy. According to court records and yesterdays sentencing proceedings, beginning in 2013 and through September 2015 in Caldwell County and elsewhere, the three defendants engaged in a drug trafficking conspiracy involving more than five kilograms of crack cocaine. Court records show that over the course of the investigation, law enforcement seized approximately 400 grams of crack cocaine, three firearms, and ...
A vulnerable Luton man who was exploited by a friend to store drugs for him was spared jail by a Judge at Luton Crown Court on Friday.. The 41 year old mans solicitor Stephen Halloran said he had felt obligated to let his home be used for storing crack cocaine and some cash because he was in debt to the drug dealer.. Judge Stuart Bridge said he accepted the defendant had only become involved through naivety and exploitation.. The man pleaded guilty to conspiracy to supply crack cocaine and possessing criminal property. He was given an 18 month prison sentence suspended for two years with a twelve month drug rehabilitation requirement.. The drug dealer was jailed for five years.. The court was told that the drug dealer was caught after bragging to undercover police officers about the extent of his drug dealing.. It led police to search the friends safe house where they found some crack cocaine, £1,780 in cash and a mobile phone belonging to the dealer.. Solicitor, Mr Halloran ...
PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] - Women who are clinically depressed at the time they enter drug court have a substantially higher risk of using crack cocaine within four months, according to a new study. Because current but not past depression was associated with a higher risk of use, the study published in the journal Addiction suggests that addressing depression could reduce the number of women who fail to beat crack addiction in drug court.. "We found that current major depression increased the risk of crack use, but depression in the past year that had gotten better did not," said Jennifer Johnson, assistant professor (research) of psychiatry and human behavior in the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and lead author of the study. "This suggests that if the depression remits, the risk of crack use goes down. Screening for depression and effective depression treatment may be important components of drug court services.". Addiction and depression are closely associated, ...
Crack cocaine is a powerful stimulant that often causes hallucinations, erratic behavior and significant urges to repeat use. Crack addiction is a difficult habit to kick.
Winter 1997. Crack Cocaine and Neglect. Experienced and new social workers alike understand the negative effects crack cocaine has on the families of those who use it. Many have seen the desire for this drug grow so powerful that parents think of nothing else, failing to attend to even the basic needs of their children. And yet what do we really know about the relationship between neglect and parental addiction to crack? More importantly, what interventions are effective for helping crack-addicted parents and their families? Crack. Crack is a form of cocaine that provides an intense, short-lived euphoria, or high. This initial high is quickly followed by a crash that involves anxiety, depression, irritability, extreme fatigue, paranoia, and a craving for another high (Pearce, 1997). Although studies show that cocaine and its derivatives are not physically addictive, prolonged exposure to the drug does create a psychological dependence, especially for intravenous users (Nicholi, 1983). Cravings ...
Despite widespread popular accounts linking crack cocaine to inner-city decay systematic research has analyzed the effect of the introduction of crack on urban crime. We" study this question using FBI crime rates for 27 metropolitan areas and two sources of" information on the date at which crack first appeared in those cities. Using methods designed to" control for confounding time trends and unobserved differences among metropolitan areas find that the introduction of crack has substantial effects on violent crime but essentially no effect" on property crime. We explain these results by characterizing crack cocaine as a technological" innovation in the market for cocaine intoxication and by positing that different types of crimes" play different roles in the market for illegal drugs. In a market with incomplete property rights" and inelastic demand, a technological innovation increases violence on the part of distributors but" decreases property crime on the part of consumers. We also find ...
Illinois Senator Dick Durbins Fairness in Sentencing Act 2009 is anything but fair to the thousands of inmates serving time for drug crimes in federal prisons. The Durbin bill, and the companion bill the House Judiciary Committee passed in July, will scrap the blatant racially biased sentencing for first time crack cocaine possession. The law currently requires that judges slap a minimum mandatory sentence of five years on anyone caught with crack cocaine. More than 80 percent of those sentenced for crack use are poor, ill-educated blacks. Those caught with the same amount of powdered cocaine, mostly whites, often middle-class and suburban, get probation and referrals to drug diversion programs ...
Toronto Mayor Rob Fords confessed criminal conduct including smoking crack cocaine should be front and centre in mayoral debates.
Ground. BARACK OBAMA - SUCH ATTORNEYS FAILED TO RESPOND - CRACK!. CONTINUED VIOLATIONS OF LAWS - CRACK!. HOMOSEXUAL BITCH - CRACK!. INVASION OF PRIVACY OF DHAVED KAPEL - CRACK!. BARACK OBAMA GIVING DAUGHTERS SASHA SUCH MELIA TO HAVE SEX WITH JUDGES SUCH JUSTICES - CRACK!. BARACK OBAMA GIVING WIFE MICHELLE OBAMA TO JUDGES SUCH JUSTICES FOR SEX - CRACK!. GUNSHOTS NEAR RESIDENCE OF DHAVED KAPEL - CRACK!. AIRPORT BOMB ATTEMPT TO CIRCLE, ASSASSINATE DHAVED KAPEL - CRACK!. TRUCK ATTEMPT TO RUN OVER DHAVED KAPEL - CRACK!. MARTA TRAIN PLOT TO CIRCLE, ASSASSINATE DHAVED KAPEL - CRACK!. HARASSMENT OF DHAVED KAPEL FOR WRITING SUCH BOOKS - CRACK!. ELECTRONIC INVASION OF DHAVED KAPEL SUCH RELATIVES SUCH FRIENDS - CRACK!. BARACK OBAMAS FALSE IMAGE TO SUCH RACE OF COLOR - CRACK!. ILLEGALLY RUNNING AMERICA - CRACK!. IN CONTEMPT OF COURT WITH INCREASED VIOLATIONS OF LAWS - CRACK!. YOUTUBE THREATS TO DHAVED KAPELS LIFE - CRACK!. SATELLITE TELEVISION THREATS TO DHAVED KAPEL - CRACK!. PERSONAL LAPTOP INVASION IN ...
Its not always easy to tell if someone is using a drug like crack cocaine; however, there are symptoms for which you might look. Cocaine, in particular, may be subtle, so if a person is only using occasionally or only using a small amount, the use might not be readily detectable. However, as the use of the drug grows, so do the signs of usage, and these symptoms can range from very slight, such as a nosebleed, to extreme, such as a heart attack.. Both cocaine and crack cocaine produce immediate and short-lived euphoria, which will make the user feel more energetic. In that sense, theres some similarity to caffeine, where the cocaine will cause alertness and reduce hunger. The psychological effects may be feelings of well-being, an increased, even grandiose, sense of power and ability, although this may be mixed in with restlessness and anxiety. When the drug wears off, the user might experience deep depression, and then a "crash," wherein the user becomes lethargic, and, depending on the ...
CONCORD - Darrius Weekly, 25, of Manchester, pleaded guilty in federal court to distributing cocaine base, United States Attorney Scott W. Murray announced today.. According to court documents and statements made in court, between September 17, 2018 and November 7, 2018, law enforcement officers made five separate controlled purchases of cocaine base (also known as crack cocaine) from Weekly in and around Manchester.. Weekly is scheduled to be sentenced on January 10, 2020.. "Crack cocaine endangers the health and safety of our citizens," said U.S. Attorney Murray. "We are committed to working closely with our law enforcement partners to stop the distribution of this dangerous substance in the Granite State.". This matter was investigated by the Manchester Police Department and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. The case is being prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorney Charles L. Rombeau.. ###. ...
... is the first step to sobriety for those struggling with a crack cocaine addiction. Click to learn more about treatment options
... examine the sociological issues involved in drug addiction. Your research paper will want to focus on use, abuse and statistics of crack cocaine in America.
According to McLeods plea agreement, on September 13, 2013, Baltimore City police officers executed a search warrant at McLeods home. McLeod was in the home when officers arrived. Officers recovered: a baggie containing 12 red top vials of crack cocaine packaged for distribution; a loaded .357 revolver; two clear baggies, each containing 20 red top vials of crack cocaine; drug paraphernalia, including digital scales; and $756 in cash, organized in several stacks. McLeod told officers that the firearm, drugs and drug paraphernalia were all his and that he had recently purchased the gun on the street ...
On 8/1/2017 at approximately 2030 hours, while attempting to serve a Trespass Order at a residence on Canal Street, Officers observed Tasha Fuquay smoking Crack Cocaine and found her to be in the possession of Crack Cocaine. She was issued a Citation and is scheduled to appear in Windham County Superior Court to answer to the charges on 9/12/2017. ...
PROVIDENCE, R.I. - Jose Gomez, 26, of Pawtucket, has been ordered detained in federal custody following an investigation into Gomezs alleged trafficking of crack cocaine, including the alleged trading of firearms for crack cocaine, announced United States Attorney Peter F. Neronha and Daniel J. Kumor, Special Agent in Charge of the Boston Field Division of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).. The investigation included three undercover purchases of crack cocaine allegedly from Gomez and a court authorized search of Gomezs residence. Inside Gomezs residence, law enforcement located a one-year-old child and a two-year-old child unattended in a bedroom where they also allegedly discovered approximately four grams of crack cocaine on a window sill.. Gomez is detained on a criminal complaint charging him with three counts of distribution of crack cocaine, one count of possession with the intent to distribute crack cocaine, one count of being a felon in possession of a ...
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Claire Elizabeth Sterk is a Dutch scientist and President of Emory University. Sterk has been Charles Howard Candler Professor of Public Health at Emory since 2000. Sterk is a leading figure in both public health and anthropology studying addiction, mental health, and HIV/AIDS. She was the first person to identify the risk of HIV infection due to unprotected sex among crack cocaine users. Sterk is the author of two books-Fast Lives: Women Who Use Crack Cocaine and Tricking and Tripping: Prostitution in the Era of AIDS. She has also published more than 100 articles and book chapters. Sterk received a PhD in sociology from Erasmus University in Rotterdam in 1989 on her dissertation Living the life: prostitutes and their health and a doctoral degree in medical anthropology from the University of Utrecht. She became President of Emory on September 1, 2016. Prior to that time, she had served as provost and executive vice president for academic affairs. "Internationally acclaimed public health ...
Ecgonidine (anhydroecgonine) is an alkaloid related to ecgonine and cocaine. It has a structure with a cycloheptene ring, with a nitrogen bridge, and a carboxylic acid side chain. Methylecgonidine is produced by pyrolysis in the process of smoking crack cocaine, and then subsequently metabolised to ecgonidine, and so these two compounds can be tested for as a specific biomarker for crack cocaine use. Ecgonidine is formed as a metabolite of methylecgonidine, and so the relative concentrations of the two compounds can be used to gauge how recently crack cocaine was smoked. If levels of methylecgonidine are higher, then the drug was smoked recently; however after a longer time period mainly ecgonidine will be present. Ecgonidine has a half-life in the body of around 94-137 minutes, and so can be used to detect use of crack cocaine up to 8-10 hours after the drug is consumed. Coca alkaloids Scheidweiler KB, Shojaie J, Plessinger MA, Wood RW, Kwong TC. Stability of methylecgonidine and ecgonidine in ...
Pubdate: Wed, 12 Mar 2003 Source: Vancouver Courier (CN BC) Copyright: 2003 Vancouver Courier Contact: http://www.vancourier.com/ Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/474 Author: Mike Howell NEEDLE EXCHANGE NUMBERS DROP DRASTICALLY An increase in crack cocaine smokers, a sparse heroin supply and police enforcement could be reasons why the citys largest needle exchange distributed about 700,000 fewer needles to addicts last year than in 2000. Judy McGuire, manager of health outreach programs for the Downtown Eastside Youth Activities Society, said distribution of needles from the societys vans and centres dropped from 3.4 million in 2000 to 2.7 million last year. "Its the biggest drop weve seen in years," said McGuire, noting her staff have told her more people are smoking crack cocaine, crystal methamphetamine, and some heroin. Police, health workers and drug addicts acknowledge the increase in crack smokers in the Downtown Eastside, but note injection heroin use is still prevalent, despite ...
In the case, defendant Maxwell was arrested after he sold crack cocaine, powder cocaine and ecstasy to a confidential information. During the arrest, officers discovered about 13 grams of suspected cocaine concealed on his person. The defendant was charged with possessing crack cocaine with the intent to distribute. An analyst who had tested and identified the seized substance as crack cocaine retired before trial. One of his co-workers reviewed the data results from the first analysts tests. She also concluded that the substance was crack cocaine. The defendant, who had fired his court-appointed counsel, represented himself at trial with the assistance of standby counsel. The second analyst, Gee, testified that she determined the seized substance was crack cocaine. While "she did not perform the primary analysis of the substance, but rather reviewed the raw data generated from gas chromatography and mass spectrometry tests performed by" the first analyst. In particular, the second analyst ...
Objective: To define the relationship between crack cocaine use and human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection while controlling for other HIV risk factors. Methods: We performed a case-control study among inner-city pregnant women who were followed at a large urban hospital in Atlanta, Georgia; 79 of the women were HIV-1-infected and 525 were...
In one of the first studies to clearly link violent behavior and crack cocaine use, a new survey reports that nearly 50% of the callers to a nationwide cocaine hot line acknowledged committing violent crimes or aggressive acts, ranging from murder and robbery to rape, child abuse and physical assaults.
Both pure cocaine and crack cocaine are extremely dangerous, highly addictive, and cause overdose easily. Crack cocaine, due to the rapid onset of euphoria and extreme differences in dose, is slightly more dangerous. While powdered cocaine can be measured in specific doses, crack cocaine rocks have no uniform percentage of cocaine to other chemicals, so it is very easy to overdose accidentally. However, cocaine is often cut with other drugs, most recently fentanyl, which induces a much different high and can also quickly lead to overdose.. Both pure and crack cocaine are highly addictive and very dangerous, so it is important to get help overcoming addiction to these drugs as soon as possible. ...
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The same drug crime is being committed whether a person snorts powder cocaine in the suburbs or smokes crack cocaine in the hood. One form of cocaine should not be sentenced harsher than another. A federal law took effect this month that finally eliminates much of the disparity in prison sentences thats resulted in blacks disproportionately doing harder time. Punishment for breaking the law should be tough but fair. The new guidelines are a strong step in the right direction - but "fairer" isnt the same as "fair." Congress should seek parity. Crack is the cheaper form of cocaine, and it is used predominantly by low-income people in urban areas. Blacks represent roughly 80 percent of those sentenced to longer prison terms for crack cocaine crimes.... Last year, Lanny Breuer, assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division of the Justice Department, testified before a Senate Committee that "we cannot ignore the mounting evidence that the current cocaine sentencing disparity is difficult to ...
The primary aim of this study was to assess the impact of an HIV and drug addiction intervention on reported sexual transmission HIV risk and drug use among homeless persons in two treatments for cocaine addiction. The ARA-C study (n=104) included 74 (71.2%) men and 30 (28.8%) women with an average age of 37.8 (SD=6.9) years. Most participants were African American (90, 86.5%) and the remainder were Caucasian (14, 13.5%). All participants met criteria for homelessness, nonpsychotic mental distress, and admitted to smoking crack cocaine within the 2 weeks prior to treatment.
The state Senate on Wednesday approved a measure that would reduce the penalty for possession of crack cocaine for sale to the same as that for powder cocaine and make it easier to get probation for both. Sen. Holly Mitchell (D-Los Angeles) said her bill is necessary to address racial discrimination...
Crack is an extremely addictive substance, and must be treated as such. Those who are struggling with a crack addiction must recognize the strength of their problem, and be willing to seek help, as most cannot quit on their own. The first step of crack addiction treatment for most is a detox procedure. Withdrawal from crack results in severe psychological distress, usually including insomnia, anxiety, depression, and irritability. A detox facility may prescribe sedatives or painkillers in order to ease the discomfort. Withdrawing in a detox program is far more comfortable than withdrawing at home, and the cravings to use crack and ease the pain are lifted significantly.. After detox, the next step is attending a crack drug rehab center. At crack rehab the individual goes through therapy to take a closer look at the root cause of their addiction, as well as participates in counseling that aims to help them learn to live a healthier lifestyle. Inpatient treatment centers provide an environment ...
The doc focuses on the early days of hip-hop, examining how the culture became inexorably intertwined with the crack cocaine epidemic in the mid-'80s.. Based primarily on the first-person accounts of four famous dealers-turned-rappers, the film also widens its lens at points to show how crack changed America culturally, socially and politically, reveals a press release. Using rare footage, photos, and animation, all set to the beats and rhymes of the iconic hip hop tracks of the day, the documentary explores how media hysteria, racism and political reaction produced policies and laws that have left us with the largest -and most disproportionately African-American- prison population in the world.. 'Planet Rock' is executive produced and narrated by former gangsta rapper-pimp Ice-T. The two-hour special airs Sept. 18 at 10PM EST on VH1. ...
Following several characters whose lives will intersect in the violent world of the drug trade, Snowfall traces the beginnings of the crack cocaine epidemic in 1983 Los Angeles. Its a convincing representation of the 1980s with careful attention paid to the soundtrack and the style of the decade. With minimal reference to the politics of the era, the series instead focuses on the characters motivations. Making the story of cracks development a character driven
... : What should I do if... are very common questions people have who are themselves struggling with drug addiction or who have a loved one who is struggling to recover...
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While some can take cocaine and never develop a problem, many will develop a crack cocaine addiction that can destroy their lives.
From Al Jazeera. According to the video, Oxi is cocaine mixed with gasoline and limestone powder to make a rock like crack cocaine, but more potent and letha...
Officers conducted a motor vehicle stop on the vehicle and made contact with the occupants. The passenger, Laura Moore, 47, of Brattleboro. was found to be in the possession of Crack Cocaine and Heroin. She was issued a Citation and is scheduled to appear in Windham County Superior Court to answer to the charges on 9/12/2017. ...
Addiction is an endless cycle of get some money, get high (or put it in the machine); come down from the high; get some more money. The addict has to repeat that high feeling and cant stop until all money is gone and even then, many will hustle, con, manipulate, and steal to get more money to feed the addiction. Convenience store slot machines are no different - they are the new crack cocaine!. If I can stay away from the machines, Im alright, said John M, who asked not to be identified. But once I put the first dollar in, Im hooked. I just cant stop. My mind keeps telling me that Im gonna win on the next dollar; I have to cause I havent won yet so the odds are in my favor. Actually, this is a myth. Statistically, your odds are the same every time you place a bet - very low, and your odds of winning dont increase the more you play.. Every day, I tell myself Im only gonna play $5 but I always end up spending everything I have in my purse when I walked in the door, said Janice, a ...
State lawmakers Wednesday gave initial approval to proposals that would reduce penalties for selling crack cocaine, require medical marijuana dispensaries to get state licenses and allow people in the country illegally to get student loans for college. Other bills fell short, including a measure...
... NEW YORK, May 5, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The following is a commentary from Stuart Kloda, MD, an Addiction
Learn about the side effects, abuse warning signs, addiction behaviors, health consequences, and withdrawal symptoms of crack cocaine.
You may have crack cocaine addiction if you notice that you are engaging in behaviors that are not typical of you after using the drug.
Brace yourself. Here comes the Most Florida Thing Youll Read All Day!: Hernando County Deputies arrested a North Florida woman after the 9-year-old child in her care ate some crack cocaine. Kimberly Losurdo is facing child abuse charges after fire rescue officials were called to her home on a report...
It looks like Lamar Odom maybe addicted to more than just cheating. Reports have surfaced that the real problem in Khloe Kardashian and Lamar Odoms marriage is Lambos addiction to crack cocaine, not affairs with multiple women. According to TMZ, Odom has also been missing for the past 72 hours and family members fear that…
A Washington County Circuit Court jury Tuesday convicted a Hagerstown man of selling crack cocaine a short distance from the Hagerstown courthouse where the trial was held.Gregory Harris, 45, was
A police investigation into city crack cocaine sales culminated Wednesday morning with the arrest of a 23-year-old woman accused of selling the drug.
A 30-year-old Montgomery man has been arrested on a felony drug distribution charge following a narcotics investigation by local police officials that yielded more than four ounces of crack cocaine.. ...
In an attempt to illustrate the harmful effects of using crack cocaine, Talent, a Brazilian ad agency, created a series of posters featuring images of addicts that are slowly eaten away and destroyed by Flour beetle larvae -- or mealworms. The posters were actually made of thin sheets of dough instead of paper, to...
Question by addicted: i want to stop smoking crack cocaine. I dont no how. dont know how to even start try. please help.? Best answer: Answer by lanceGo to
Crack cocaine mental symptoms, such as depression, can be hard to manage alone. People who try to detox alone end up relapsing, which can lead to overdose.
Five people were arrested and $20,000 worth of crack cocaine were seized after a traffic stop.. Maine news, sports, politics, election results, and obituaries from the Bangor Daily News.
Former USC tailback Demetris Summers plead guilty today of making and trafficking crack cocaine throughout Lexington County. 
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Clarence Aaron has been in prison for 20 years, at 42, hes spent almost as much of his life behind bars as he spent a free man. We cant give him back the years he lost or the years lost by the other seven men and women who were victims of racially biased crack cocaine…
ST. MARTINVILLE, La. (KLFY) 38 year old Christopher Filer of St. Martinville, was arrested Thursday after he allegedly sold crack cocaine to an undercover Agent with the St. Martin Parish Sheriff
FloriDUH tip: Stick to Girl Scout Cookies, they're just as addictive, but legal. When Keys detectives executed an early morning search warrant in Marathon on Friday, they found Katrina Ann Mitchell, 29, Ralph Curry, 38, along with two other people -- a crack cocaine lab, according to a news release...
The Head Start student at Thomas Mifflin Elementary School flashed $173 at a classmate who "tattled" on his friend to a teachers aid. When the teacher asked the boy to empty his pockets, white chunks fell onto the ground followed by ten dime bags of what was thought to be crack cocaine. School officials alerted police, called the boys parents, and sent the boy to the hospital where doctors conducted tests to make sure the boy hadnt ingested any drugs. Officials and police arent saying where the drugs came from but a search warrant has been issued thats linked to this case.. Philadelphia Chief Inspector Cynthia Dorsey said kids occasionally bring drugs to school but this is the first time an incident like this has come up with a Pre-K student.. Mifflin parent Jennifer Gallagher went to pick up her daughter from school as soon as she heard about the incident. "Its upsetting," Gallagher told the Enquirer. "Im shocked a kid was able to bring drugs into school.". ...
http://img716.imageshack.us/img716/1949/scales3.jpgNew federal sentencing guidelines for crack cocaine offenses went into effect Monday, a week after the US Sentencing Commission promulgated them....
The symptoms of a crack cocaine overdose are distinct and typically easy to recognize. Learn what to look out for and how to seek treatment for overdose.
Lamar Odom has been deep into crack cocaine for at least 2 years ... TMZ has learned. TMZ broke the story ... Lamar has gone off the rails with drug…
A drug-user has been ordered to pay £235 after he was found with crack cocaine after police carried out a raid at a property.
A vicious Love & Hip Hop: Atlanta brawl has triggered a lawsuit ... which now alleges one of the stars was smoking crack cocaine at the reunion…
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Among inner-city populations in Canada, the use of crack cocaine by inhalation is prevalent. Crack smoking is associated with acute respiratory symptoms and complications, but less is known about chronic respiratory problems related to crack smoking. There is also a gap in the literature addressing the management of respiratory disease in primary health care among people who smoke crack. The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence of acute and chronic respiratory symptoms among patients who smoke crack and access primary care. We conducted a pilot study among 20 patients who currently smoke crack (used within the past 30 days) and who access the drop-in clinic at an inner-city primary health care center. Participants completed a 20- to 30-min interviewer-administered survey and provided consent for a chart review. We collected information on respiratory-related symptoms, diagnoses, tests, medications, and specialist visits. Data were analyzed using frequency tabulations in SPSS ...
Two men are in custody following large seizures of cocaine during operations conducted by the Chatham-Savannah Counter Narcotics Team.. Earlier this month, CNT began an investigation of Robert Brown, 39, of Savannah after CNT agents working in an undercover capacity received information Brown was selling cocaine.. On Jan. 25, Brown was arrested while allegedley selling undercover agents a large amount of crack cocaine in the parking lot of an eastside Savannah business. CNT reportedly seized both powder and crack cocaine with a street value of up to $1,500, items commonly utilized in the sale of narcotics, and $980 in cash, said Gene Harley, CNT spokesman. Browns Lincoln LS vehicle was also seized in the operation.. Brown was charged with numerous felonies that include criminal attempt to sell a controlled substance (crack cocaine) and possession of a controlled substance with intent to distribute. Browns arrest marks his third arrest by CNT and his 17th arrest in Chatham County.. In a ...
Palmetto police said the toddler, Jayvon Daniel, ate the crack cocaine when he was in the care of his grandmother, Ebony Daniel, 34, and her boyfriend, Charlie Martin, 22, on Saturday at Martins house on Elm Drive.. … Andrica Daniel said she didnt see Jayvon eat the crack cocaine. She didnt want to take any chances, so she rushed him to the hospital.. "His blood pressure kept going up and down. He was throwing up," said Andrica Daniel. "They ran tests on his urine. He tested positive for crack cocaine. Thats how we know he ate it.. ...
We present three patients whose angiographic and pathological data suggest that vasospasm and/or thrombus formation may be important mechanisms of crack cocaine-induced cerebral infarction. Patients 1 and 3 had intra-arterial clot without angiographic evidence of vasospasm, and patient 2 had vasospasm without evidence of clot. The vasospasm changes were more prominent in the left- than the right-sided cerebral arteries, which, with the smaller size of the left-sided vessels at autopsy, is consistent in our opinion with more severe cerebral vasoconstriction on the left side.. Multiple mechanisms for the neurovascular complications of crack cocaine use have been previously proposed.1 2 3 4 5 Cocaine and its metabolites (norcocaine and benzoylecgonine) are potent vasoconstrictors, and the chronic use of crack cocaine may lead to prolonged vasoconstriction due to the more protracted half-lives of active metabolites,6 which are perhaps even longer in association with ethanol,7 as in our third ...
Crack users find it easier to give up when they take cannabis, and animals given components of cannabis are more likely to overcome a crack addiction via New Scientist - Health Read More Here.. ...
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Danielle Brogna, 23 of Nashua, N.H., charged with acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - heroin.. Emylee Disario, 29 of Nashua, N.H., charged with acts prohibited, possession of controlled drug - Clonazepam and acts prohibited, possession of controlled drug - methadone.. Steven Lavoie, 35 of Nashua, N.H., charged with two counts acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - heroin - second offense.. Russel Scruggs, 52 of Nashua, N.H., charged with two counts of acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - crack cocaine.. Eulises Rivera, 38 of Lawrence, Mass., charged with acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - crack cocaine; acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - heroin and acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - suboxone.. Lance Quinerly, 38 of Manchetser, N.H., charged with two counts acts prohibited, sale of controlled drug - crack cocaine.. Natasha Provencal, 33 of Nashua, N.H., charged with common nuisances.. ...
Pete Doherty, British pop star and ex-fiance of model Kate Moss, appears to have been caught on video GIVING CRACK COCAINE TO (2594 signatures on petition)
In August of 2010, Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act. Basically this act changed the disparity between minimum sentences for crack and powder cocaine. Prior to this act the disparity between the two was 100-to-1. The Act made the difference 18-to-1. Basically this means prior to the act, someone who was caught with five grams of crack cocaine would receive a mandatory sentence of five years, whereas someone who got caught with five hundred grams of powder cocaine would receive the same mandatory five year sentence. Now someone would have to get caught with twenty-eight grams of crack to receive the mandatory five years, yet still five hundred grams for the same sentence. This is funny to me. In a apples to oranges comparison, it would be like getting a DUI for having 1 jello shot vs 100 beers. As we all know this is not how the government handles alcohol. Summer of 2011, the U.S. Sentencing Commission voted to make the reduced crack penalties retroactive. By doing so, 12,000 inmates are ...
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Developing a Crack Index If you rely on the news media for your information, you probably think that crack cocaine is a thing of the past. If you rely on data, however, you reach a different conclusion.. Measuring the use and impact of a drug like crack isnt easy. There is no government Web site to provide crack data, and surveying dealers is bound to be pretty unreliable. So how can you get to the truth of crack use? One way is to look at a variety of imperfect but plausible proxies, including cocaine arrests, emergency-room visits and deaths. Unlike the volume of news coverage, the rates for all of these remain shockingly high. Cocaine arrests, for instance, have fallen only about 15 percent since the crack boom of the late 1980s. Cocaine-related deaths are actually higher now; so are the number of emergency-room visits due to cocaine. When combined in a sensible way, these proxies can be used to construct a useful index of crack.. And what does this index reveal? That crack use was ...
Powder cocaine (also called coke), freebase and crack are all forms of cocaine. When the effects start to wear off, people experience a long comedown, when they feel Although the powerful psychological dependence that can easily develop is more of a problem than the physical withdrawal symptoms, people who ...
CRACK-COCAINE USE INCREASES THANKS TO JAIL - POLICE CHIEF Midland police are cracking down on criminals who are bringing crack cocaine into the community. At Monday nights council meeting,...
Crack cocaine is cocaine made into a form that can be smoked. The process of making crack cocaine involves treating cocaine with various products and chemicals that free the cocaine base from the hydrochloride and lower the temperature at which the cocaine can be melted. It is then removed and allowed to dry and broken into "rocks". Each rock usually ranging from one tenth to half a gram. Crack is white to light brown or beige in color, and is in the form of slivers or crystalline rocks. Cocaine treated in this way is known as free base and the process is called freebasing. Crack gets its name because when it is smoked, the baking powder residue left in it makes a crackling sound. Crack is extremely addictive because smoking causes its effects to be felt within 10 seconds after use. ...
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With the news of Scott Weilands death surfacing late last night, not much was known at the time. The former Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver frontman was found dead on his tour bus last night. Weiland was on tour in Minnesota with his solo band The Wildabouts when he was found.. Weiland has had well-documented substance abuse issues, previously kicking a serious heroin addiction. TMZ obtained audio of the emergency call and dispatchers said the singer was not breathing and his immediate cause of death was cardiac arrest. The underlying cause of death has not been determined yet.. TMZ claims that multiple sources in the music industry told them that friends were worrying in the days leading up to his death that he was deep into crack cocaine use and might have died of an overdose. Weilands wife refutes those reports saying he has been sober off drugs for years, that his band has a pact to do no drugs on tour and he had only been drinking socially in recent years.. Update: According to ...
When I first heard that 24-year-old British singer-songwriter Amy Winehouse was hospitalized with early stage emphysema I said "what?" DrugMonkey, a drug-abuse research colleague, has a terrific post up now on the link between Winehouses crack cocaine use, possible genetic predisposition, and the emergence of early-onset emphysema.. While sad to see a very young person so afflicted, I tend to be fascinated scientifically by these odd medical cases involving natural products - often drugs of abuse.. Im also particularly impressed by Amy Winehouses tremendous vocal talents and songwriting abilities. Her jazz and soul vocal style has been described as reminiscent of legends like Sara Vaughn and I find it striking that her songs are considered pop music in 2008. But like many incredible musicians before her, Winehouse at 24 has more legal problems, drug abuse issues and violent, self-destructive behaviors than most people might accumulate in several dozen lives. I echo DrugMonkeys call to ...
The mayor of Canadas largest city has denied allegations over crack cocaine use, but there are plenty of questions about whether Rob Ford could be forced out of office, and what would happen if he does leave.
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This article deals with the computational modelling of the fatigue crack aspect ratio evolution in embedded, surface, and corner cracks located in finite-thickness plates under tensile fatigue. The approach is based on the Paris law for fatigue propagation and an expression for the stress intensity factor (SIF) provided by Newman and Raju. Numerical results indicate that the crack path develops in such a manner that all flaws tend to reach similar aspect ratios, i.e., a preferential crack path does exist along which there is a one-to-one relationship between the aspect ratio and the relative crack depth (a sort of master curve in the matter of fatigue crack path evolution). Such a reference curve corresponds to that of a very superficial initial flaw with almost circular shape. The convergence (quicker or slower approach between fatigue crack paths starting from different initial defects) is higher for surface flaws than for corner cracks, and quicker for the latter than for embedded discontinuities.
SUBSTANTIAL CRACK USE DECLINE FOUND AMONG ARRESTEES WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The use of crack cocaine by youthful and adult arrestees between 1987 and 1996 declined substantially, according to a report released today by the Justice Departments National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Researchers found that the crack epidemic appears to be in decline in many cities on both the East and West Coasts where NIJs Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program has been tracking drug use among arrestees. Reductions in use by youthful arrestees (18-20 years old) are particularly important because they suggest that future crack use will decline or increase more slowly as this group grows older. Manhattan, Philadelphia, Washington D.C. and Detroit showed the most significant declines in this age group.. In Manhattan, the percentage of youthful arrestees testing positive for cocaine/crack dropped from 70 percent in 1987 to 21 percent in 1996; in Philadelphia from 70 percent in 1988 to 21 percent in 1993; in Washington, D.C. ...
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Attack Crack week -- a state and local effort to heighten awareness about the highly addictive form of cocaine -- ends Saturday with three protest marches.Organizers of the local activities are
Springfield police officers witnessed an alleged drug deal take place near the corner of Saratoga and Dwight streets Wednesday and subsequently made two arrests near South End Middle School.
A Midland police officer noticed a disturbance in progress shortly after midnight Tuesday on the 1100 block of East Wall Street. The officer said he witnessed a man, later identified as Lane, exit a white Mercury stopped in the middle of the street, chase down a female and punch her in the face, according to the arrest affidavits.. ...
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"cocaine/crack". Archived from the original on 20 May 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2007.. ... "Deaths related to cocaine". Archived from the original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 25 May 2007.. ... cocaine from Erythroxylon coca and opium from opium poppy. Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may ...
... cocaine and crack cocaine use doubled in the city between 1986 and 1987. A private study estimated that one in six African ... Haley, John (2009). "Crack Cocaine". In Golden, Robert N.; Peterson, Fred L. The Truth About Drugs. New York: Facts on File. ... By this time, Washington, D.C., was suffering from an epidemic of crack cocaine use. The drug made an appearance in the United ... By 1990, the District of Columbia had the nation's highest rate of drug addiction (32.9 per 1,000 residents). The crack cocaine ...
... crack cocaine was associated with violent crime; youth were more likely to be drawn to crack cocaine; crack cocaine was ... Smith claimed that the severe sentences for crack cocaine were justified by a high correlation between crack cocaine arrests ... Dvorak, Richard (1999-2000), Cracking the Code: De-Coding Colorblind Slurs during the Congressional Crack Cocaine Debates, 5, ... for powder cocaine. The organization also stated that the enhanced penalties for crack cocaine "have proven useful, and a ...
A shift among users from injected cocaine to crack cocaine use may have also slowed the spread of disease.[38] Rates of HIV ... A 2010 BBC article described the DTES as "home to one of the worst drug problems in North America."[55] In 2011, crack cocaine ... Crack cocaine arrived in Vancouver in 1995,[33] and crystal methamphetamine started to appear in the DTES in 2003.[24] In 1997 ... police cracked down on the cocaine market and street prostitution, but these activities resurfaced in the DTES.[22][23] Within ...
In some tinfoil, with a glass pipe, is your guitar." This refers to crack cocaine. Both cocaine, and many other drugs are ...
Rose and Jay Z talked about how the rapper used to sell crack cocaine. Rose asked, "You never used it?" Jay Z responded, "No. ... Crack cocaine? No. [laughter] Come on, man. [more laughter] That's hardcore, man. A little weed. Ballantine Ale. Guinness Stout ...
For smoking crack cocaine, see Crack cocaine § Health issues.. Smoking can damage many parts of the body. ... However, due to the stronger withdrawal effects of ethanol, cocaine and heroin, nicotine may have a lower potential for somatic ... According to studies by Henningfield and Benowitz, nicotine is more addictive than cannabis, caffeine, ethanol, cocaine, and ... the same neuro-reward circuit activated by drugs of abuse such as heroin and cocaine. This suggests nicotine use has a ...
"Rob Ford Admits to Smoking Crack Cocaine". Global News. Casey, Liam (November 5, 2013). "One bad day in the life of the Ford ... asked the question that resulted in Ford's admission of crack cocaine use while mayor. During an investigation he uncovered ...
... the rise of the crack cocaine epidemic; the rapid growth of development in Emeryville; the passage of the anti-immigration ...
In June 2010, it was reported that Phil would develop an addiction to crack cocaine after his troubled personal life leads to ... Depressed, Phil starts a sexual relationship with drug addict Rainie Cross (Tanya Franks) and starts using crack cocaine, ... Subsequently, Phil becomes addicted to crack cocaine. Producers worked closely with drug and alcohol charities, including ... scenes showing Phil and Rainie taking the drug crack cocaine prompted over 200 complaints from viewers who felt the scenes were ...
Nicholas Mormando became hooked on crack cocaine. Sammy later said about Nicholas: He became like a renegade. He went berserk. ...
Hunt later became addicted to crack cocaine. Eventually, with the prayer of his wife and children and his Church, The Brooklyn ...
Singer, Merrill 2011 The Infectious Disease Syndemics of Crack Cocaine. Journal of Equity in Health (in press). ... "Depressive Symptoms and Food Insufficiency Among HIV-Infected Crack Users in Atlanta and Miami". AIDS and Behavior. 15 (7): ...
"cocaine/crack".. *^ "Deaths related to cocaine".. *^ "Illegal drugs drain $160 billion a year from American economy". Archived ... cocaine from Erythroxylon coca and opium from opium poppy. Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may ...
Marco Vernaschi (30 June 2009). "Guinea Bissau: Crack and prostitution, cocaine's other face". Pulitzer. Retrieved 2012-04-13. ... Poverty leads many women to be tempted into prostitution and cocaine addiction. Many of the prostitutes in Bissau and other ...
From 1998 until 2005, he used crack cocaine. In the Summer of 2005, Sheptock hiked from Gainesville, Florida-where he had been ... where he stayed in Logan Circle Park-was his last night using crack cocaine. In 2006, around the time the future of Franklin ...
... has been linked to crack cocaine usage. Graft versus host disease and lymphoproliferative disorder can also be a ...
McCarthy then stole Booth's purse and Mercedes-Benz and pawned the diamond ring in order to buy crack cocaine. The day after ... During her adult life, she developed an addiction to crack cocaine. In 1990, she was convicted of forgery, and also had ... in order to purchase cocaine. McCarthy was never charged with those murders. On November 24, 1998, McCarthy was sentenced to ...
Bogazianos, Dimitri A. (2011-12-01). 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs. NYU Press. ISBN 9780814723067. " ...
Baird-Remba, Rebecca (9 January 2013). "Why Criminals Can Trade Tide Detergent For Crack Cocaine". BusinessInsider.in. ...
possession of 500 grams of powdered cocaine--100 times the amount of crack--carries a 5 year minimum sentence" ... in reality a ... The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 established a 100:1 sentencing disparity for the possession of crack vs. powder cocaine. ... Whereas possession of 500 grams of powder cocaine triggered a 5-year mandatory minimum sentence, possession of 5 grams of crack ... In 2010, Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act, which reduced the sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine from ...
Ungar was also arrested for possession of crack cocaine during this time.[5] ... He often said the money was to get him back on the poker tables, but would instead use it to purchase crack, which he now had ... It was also around this time that Ungar began using cocaine. He noted in his biography that at first he used it on the advice ... to use instead of cocaine because his nasal membranes were so damaged he could no longer snort the drug, while crack could be ...
He was formerly addicted to crack cocaine, but has since become sober. A young Candynose looks very much like Poison drummer ... Rockso, the rock and roll clown! I do cocaine!". He admits in "Cleanso" that not only does he use cocaine, but also huffs paint ... Rockso (inconsistently spelled with an "s" or "z") is a self-described "rock and roll clown" and he does cocaine. He is known ... The band quickly became successful; however, Rockso insisted on being paid in cocaine, and was fired for his violent and ...
When Elisa was born, she was addicted to crack cocaine. As a result of her mother's addiction, custody of Elisa was awarded to ... was a regular user of crack cocaine. Concern by her own family as to her usage of drugs resulted in Awilda losing custody of ... by this time known to have reverted to regular crack cocaine use - withdrew Elisa from the school. Reportedly, despite the fact ...
Conference On Crack and Cocaine is the UK's leading charity supporting drug professionals and organisations with the issues ... Conference on Crack and Cocaine COCA, registered charity no. 1097073. ... COCA provides specialist training for professionals who come into contact with people using crack and cocaine and other ... relating to stimulant drugs such as crack, cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine and MDMA (ecstasy). ...
"Joining the police crack-down on banned drug khat". Channel 4 News. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2015.. ... Coca, a herb used for elaboration of cocaine and traditional chewing.. *Phenylpropanolamine ...
Is crack cocaine illegal?. Yes, crack cocaine is illegal. Crack cocaine is a Schedule II substance under the Controlled ... What is crack cocaine?. Crack cocaine is a highly addictive and powerful stimulant that is derived from powdered cocaine using ... Crack Cocaine. Fast Facts. Questions and Answers - What is crack cocaine?. - How is it produced?. - What does it look like?. - ... How is crack abused?. - Who uses crack?. - What are the risks?. - What is it called?. - Is crack cocaine illegal? Other ...
Mix - Eek A Mouse - Crack Cocaine & MarijuanaYouTube. * Eek a mouse - police in helicopter - Duration: 3:34. Richie garnica ...
Crack Cocaine - Verbatim Play Development on Indiegogo. ...
The powdered hydrochloride salt form of cocaine can be snorted or dissolved in water and then injected. Crack is the street ... cocaine users. Crack cocaine use, which has been steadily declining since 1990, showed a significant decrease among 12th- ... Crack is the street name given to the form of cocaine that has been processed to make a rock crystal, which, when heated, ... An estimated 2.1 million Americans were current (past-month) users of cocaine; 610,000 were current users of crack. There were ...
crack cocaine. Under the Dome: "Blue on Blue" Grady Hendrix Tue Jul 23, 2013 12:30pm ...
Crack cocaine is being injected - not just smoked - by a significant number of US drug users, reveals the first large survey of ... And health officials say the reason people turn to crack over powdered cocaine is largely down to cost. "Its a cheaper high," ... A slab "rock" of crack in Bridgeport sells for just $5, while a bag of powdered cocaine goes for $20. ... "But regardless, a crack injection is going to burn your veins.". Journal reference: Drug and Alcohol Dependence (vol 77, ...
Crack cocaine is a form of the drug that gives a very quick, intense high. Crack is made by cooking cocaine powder with baking ... Crack cocaine looks like white or tan pellets (sort of like gerbil or dry cat food). Both cocaine and crack are very addictive ... Cocaine & Crack: What Parents Need to Know. What It Is:. Cocaine is a white powder that comes from the dried leaves of the coca ... Crack is smoked in a pipe.. What It Does:. Cocaine is a stimulant, which means that it produces a fast, intense feeling of ...
For Cocaine Sale 5/14/13. Lesson for the day -- DONT SELL COCAINE OUT OF YOUR HOUSE ... OR AT ALL.Former "Days of our Lives" ... Cocaine Possession 6/10/11. UPDATE 10:03 AM PT: Sly did not make it to court this morning -- but his attorney did ... and told ... I Spent $5 Mil on Cocaine 2/22/13. Steven Tyler says he "snorted half of Peru" over the course of his drug-addled rock career ... 10:38 AM PST -- Storch tried to hide a baggie of cocaine in a trash can at the Cosmopolitan Hotel in Vegas before cops arrived ...
My Crack Cocaine. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 27, 2020, from https://psychcentral.com/blog/comfort-food-my-crack- ... Home » Blog » Comfort Food, My Crack Cocaine. .fn{margin:-2px 0 0 0;font-size:90%!important}.time-read{color:#777;font-size:90 ...
One of them? Crack cocaine.The Irish songstress previously revealed she and fourth husband Barry Herridge went on a search for ... What was I thinking?Then I was handed a load of crack, she added. Barry was very frightened -- that kind of messed ... everything up a bit, really.Crack aside, it doesnt sound like the marriage was meant to last anyway.It felt like I was ... One of them? Crack cocaine. The Irish songstress previously revealed she and fourth husband Barry Herridge went on a search for ...
Critics say the sentencing disparity has had a huge impact on people of color, partly because crack cocaine is much cheaper. A ... The current law punishes crack users 100 times more heavily than powder cocaine users. ... Bill Eases Penalty For Crack Cocaine Possession The current law punishes crack users 100 times more heavily than powder cocaine ... "The reality is that crack cocaine and powder cocaine are the same chemical substance." ...
The powerful drug Fentanyl is showing up in crack cocaine and causing overdoses in people who did not know they were taking the ... 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Fentanyl, a powerful and dangerous synthetic opioid, is now showing up in crack cocaine and ... Fentanyl has been making its way into both crack and powder cocaine, Feinstein said. ... a Philadelphia hospital treated 18 patients for an apparent opioid overdose even though theyd only been smoking crack cocaine ...
Facebook: Crack Cocaine Of The Internet Nov 22, 2010 • 7:52 am , (0) by Barry Schwartz , Filed Under Social Search Engines & ... Its the crack cocaine of the internet.. Moderator, skibum, added a nice note comparing the value of a Google page view to a ... Home , Other Search Topics , Social Search , Facebook: "Crack Cocaine Of The Internet" ...
A video that appears to show Torontos mayor smoking crack is being shopped around by a group of Somali men involved in the ... The broker said he represented two Somali men who had supplied crack cocaine to the mayor in the Dixon Rd. area. The Star was ... A cellphone video that appears to show Mayor Rob Ford smoking crack cocaine is being shopped around Toronto by a group of ... The video was taken on a smartphone by a person who said he has supplied crack cocaine to the mayor. ...
Crowdfund the Alleged Rob Ford Crack Cocaine Video is under review. It is not accepting contributions. ...
And check out the audio of a conversation between Mama June and the tow truck driver after she was released -- she was trying to get her car out of impound. June sounds manic as she described what she says went down.
4-year-old tested positive for drugs after bringing home crack cocaine from daycare. October 11, 2018 ... Video of late Toronto mayor smoking crack now public. August 12, 2016 ...
More than 1,800 prisoners are eligible for release under new sentencing rules for cocaine-related crimes that came into effect ... Flood, like tens of thousands of other prisoners, had received a far tougher sentence for a crime involving crack cocaine than ... Flood, who has served 10 years in prison over crimes involving crack cocaine, had been scheduled for release in 2013. Under new ... Federal Panel Revises Policy to Ease Crack Cocaine Sentences JUNE 30, 2011. ...
... and animals given components of cannabis are more likely to overcome a crack addiction ... Crack users find it easier to give up when they take cannabis, ... Could cannabis help crack cocaine addicts kick the habit?. ... COMPONENTS of cannabis might help those addicted to crack cocaine to quit. Such people may find it easier to curb their usage ... Some of the first hints that cannabis might help curb crack cravings were anecdotal, says Curtis, who studied crack dealers in ...
... effects of cocaine, available treatments, how to help an addict and where to get help. ... Learn about the dangers of cocaine, how addiction starts, signs of addiction, ... Whats so bad about cocaine and crack?. Cocaine and crack are dangerous for many reasons. Cocaine and crack use can lead to ... Cocaine (Crack) Addiction Cocaine and crack are dangerous, addictive drugs that can lead to serious side effects including ...
Lamar Odom has been deep into crack cocaine for at least 2 years ... TMZ has learned. TMZ broke the story ... Lamar has gone ... Lamar Odom has been deep into crack cocaine for at least 2 years ... TMZ has learned. TMZ broke the story ... Lamar has gone ... and were told the problem was crack.. Sources say Lamars crack use was extreme before he went to rehab, but he cleaned up his ...
Crack cocaine is an easier-to-manufacture form of freebase cocaine - the only difference between cocaine and crack is that the ... Recipes for crack cocaine are readily available online, and its a relatively simple task to convert cocaine into crack. You ... Crack is made by adding baking soda and water to cocaine and cooking the whole thing, usually in a spoon. ermingut/Getty Images ... According to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), crack rocks contain between 80 percent and 100 percent pure cocaine [ ...
"Chemically, therefore, there is no difference between the cocaine in coca paste, crack cocaine, and freebase - all are cocaine ... "Given crack cocaines sudden emergence and the similarities it shared with other forms of cocaine, this lack of clarity is ... cocaine base means crack cocaine could not have changed the outcome of todays opinion." (Parentheses and emphasis in original ... encompasses all types of cocaine in their chemically basic form, as well as crack cocaine, the Supreme Court ruled Thursday.. ...
A Missouri measure that would reduce the disparity in prison sentences between people convicted of crack and powder cocaine ... Lawmakers Equate Crack, Cocaine Sentences. Crack Possession Had Called For More Prison Time. Share ... Those with at least 24 grams of crack would face the same penalties as those with at least 450 grams of powder cocaine.Changes ... Those with at least 24 grams of crack would face the same penalties as those with at least 450 grams of powder cocaine. ...
Crack Cocaine - By: Kyli & Keely by Keely Nelson-Gray , This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating ... What is crack cocaine? Crack cocaine is the crystal form of cocaine. ... History on crack cocaine. *People believe reports of crack cocaine abuse are commonly restricted in large cities with high ... How is crack cocaine used? Crack cocaine is smoked out of a glass pipe. ...
  • They would wean themselves off crack by smoking it with marijuana. (newscientist.com)
  • Crack is usually smoked by heating it in a glass pipe, but it can also be mixed into a marijuana "joint" or a tobacco cigarette. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Arrested on Sept. 12, the teen faces charges of selling cocaine within 1,000 feet of a place of worship, robbery by sudden snatching, and possession of marijuana. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The Monroe County Sheriff's Office says three people were arrested Thursday evening after the agency's SWAT team carried out a search warrant at a suspected crack cocaine lab and turned up liquid cocaine, crack cocaine, marijuana and almost $3,000 in suspected drug proceeds. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • According to the sheriff's office, detectives found a ceramic cup full of crack cocaine weighing almost 90 grams inside a microwave oven, 23 crack cocaine rocks, a small amount of marijuana and $2,715 in cash. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • On February 17, 2012, officers executed a search warrant at the residence and found an ounce of powder cocaine, and smaller quantities of crack and marijuana. (justice.gov)
  • Marijuana - A great number of those who smoke too much crack will attempt to "come down" with pot . (thegooddrugsguide.com)
  • If the user has been smoking crack for several days and has not slept or eaten properly, marijuana is possibly going to cause hallucinations and/or paranoid reactions for the user. (thegooddrugsguide.com)
  • Authorities found marijuana, crack cocaine, cash and powder cocaine on the driver fleeing officers when he slammed his car into a pickup, killing the 27-year-old driver of the truck, records show. (knoxnews.com)
  • According to Sheriff Fred Abdalla, $10,000 in cash, marijuana, crack cocaine and fentanyl were all seized at the home. (wtov9.com)
  • State lawmakers Wednesday gave initial approval to proposals that would reduce penalties for selling crack cocaine, require medical marijuana dispensaries to get state licenses and allow people in the country illegally to get student loans for college. (ctnow.com)
  • A search of the house revealed approximately 3 ½ cookies of crack cocaine and a small amount of marijuana. (kplctv.com)
  • the Michigan State Police Department, and the Wayne County Sheriff's Office-resulted in the conviction of 111 subjects and the seizure of $5.3 million, 6.5 tons of marijuana, 25 kilograms of cocaine, five pounds of crystal methamphetamine, and 78 firearms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marijuana was also found too bulky and troublesome to smuggle across borders, so smugglers turned to refined cocaine with its much higher potency and profit per pound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Candelario-Santana's organization sold numerous drugs bought from several sellers including crack, cocaine, heroin, and marijuana. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his unsuccessful appeal to the 1st Circuit, DePierre argued that the minimum sentence applies only to crimes involving crack, and that the drugs he sold could not be properly established as crack since it had the same ingredients as other forms of cocaine base. (courthousenews.com)
  • Given crack cocaine's sudden emergence and the similarities it shared with other forms of cocaine, this lack of clarity is understandable, as is Congress' desire to adopt a statutory term that would encompass all forms. (courthousenews.com)
  • Mitchell cited a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Assn. that said the two forms of cocaine have essentially identical effects on the human body. (latimes.com)
  • Like other forms of cocaine, smoking crack can increase heart rate and blood pressure, leading to long-term cardiovascular problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently possession for sale of crack cocaine calls for a sentence of three, four or five years. (latimes.com)
  • Goldenrod is joining with both departments to strengthen the area's effort to stamp out and prevent use or sale of crack cocaine. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The court heard that in December 2016, during Operation Glenlivet, CIT officers first identified that Mohammed Alom and Emad Uddin were supplying heroin and crack cocaine in Brighton on behalf of the "Sparky" line. (theargus.co.uk)
  • In the case of cocaine, addicts also report an intense motivation to try to obtain the "high" that they experienced the first time they ever used, but the intensity of that first experience is impossible to ever achieve through repeated use. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Seeks to help addicts find alternative ways and treatment to stop the madness of smoking crack cocaine. (botw.org)
  • Signs of crack cocaine use are also typically signs of crack addiction as people who regularly use crack cocaine are almost universally addicts. (healthyplace.com)
  • Crack addicts often live marginal lives, with non-existent medical care and terrible diets. (narconon.org)
  • But as soon as the high wears off, crack addicts are likely to lose concentration and suffer severe mood swings . (narconon.org)
  • Effects of smoking crack only last a few minutes, but the intensity of the high increases its appeal to addicts. (treatment4addiction.com)
  • Through cognitive-behavioral therapy, recovering crack addicts are given a foundation for living a sober life. (treatment4addiction.com)
  • BUFFALO, N.Y.-U.S. Attorney William J. Hochul Jr. announced today that Lorenzo Snow, 43, of Rochester, NY, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to distribute crack cocaine before U.S. District Judge Richard J. Arcara. (justice.gov)
  • This verdict is the culmination of a long investigation into the conduct of people who poisoned our community and destroyed lives by pushing large quantities of heroin and crack cocaine," stated United States Attorney Richard S. Hartunian. (justice.gov)
  • As part of the conspiracy, numerous individuals, including Blunt and Whatley, trafficked kilogram quantities of crack cocaine to Johnson City for resale. (justice.gov)
  • Coca paste (paco, basuco, oxi) is a crude extract of the coca leaf which contains 40% to 91% cocaine sulfate along with companion coca alkaloids and varying quantities of benzoic acid, methanol, and kerosene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because its production doesn't require the use of flammable solvents, it is safer to make than freebase cocaine. (howstuffworks.com)
  • This powder is not a base, and it can be snorted, or converted into crack with the addition of baking soda and water, or made into "freebase" when dissolved in ammonia and water. (courthousenews.com)
  • Chemically, therefore, there is no difference between the cocaine in coca paste, crack cocaine, and freebase - all are cocaine in its base form," according to the lead opinion authored by Justice Sonia Sotomayor. (courthousenews.com)
  • These forms, known as "freebase" and "crack," look like crystals or rocks. (camh.ca)
  • Some research suggests that smoking crack or freebase cocaine has additional health risks compared to other methods of taking cocaine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In South America, coca paste, also known as cocaine base and, therefore, often confused with cocaine freebase in North America, is relatively inexpensive and is widely used by low-income populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freebase cocaine paste preparations can be smoked. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mr. Flood, who has served 10 years in prison over crimes involving crack cocaine, had been scheduled for release in 2013. (nytimes.com)
  • We explain these results by characterizing crack cocaine as a technological" innovation in the market for cocaine intoxication and by positing that different types of crimes" play different roles in the market for illegal drugs. (nber.org)
  • In one of the first studies to clearly link violent behavior and crack cocaine use, a new survey reports that nearly 50% of the callers to a nationwide cocaine hot line acknowledged committing violent crimes or aggressive acts, ranging from murder and robbery to rape, child abuse and physical assaults. (latimes.com)
  • The Supreme Court ruled Thursday that people who committed crack cocaine crimes before more lenient penalties took effect and received their prison sentence afterward should benefit from the new rules. (wislawjournal.com)
  • In 1995, the Commission proposed reducing the ratio to 1-to-1 and adding other enhancements targeted at crack cocaine crimes involving violence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some authors have pointed towards the link between violent crimes and crack use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crack is produced by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). (justice.gov)
  • Cocaine is a white powder that comes from the dried leaves of the coca plant, which is found in South America. (kidshealth.org)
  • The combination of coca leaves and other ingredients produces "coca paste," cocaine in its base form that can be smoked, and that paste can be turned into the salt form with the addition of water and hydrochloric acid. (courthousenews.com)
  • Pure cocaine was first isolated from the leaves of the coca bush in 1860. (camh.ca)
  • Cocaine is extracted from the leaves of the Erythroxylum (coca) bush, which grows on the slopes of the Andes Mountains in South America. (camh.ca)
  • Today, most of the world's supply of coca is grown and refined into cocaine in Colombia. (camh.ca)
  • Cocaine (also known as C, rock, snow, coke and blow) is made from the leaves of the South American coca bush. (canada.ca)
  • Cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant extracted from Erythroxylum coca leaves 1 . (scielo.br)
  • Coca was consumed for thousands of years by the pre-Inca and pre-Colombian peoples, and cocaine became popular in Europe and the United States beginning in the 19th century, in the form of carbonated tonics and wines 3 . (scielo.br)
  • COCA provides specialist training for professionals who come into contact with people using crack and cocaine and other stimulants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conference on Crack and Cocaine COCA, registered charity no. 1097073. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1987, the year before police began noticing widespread crack use, 10 such convictions occurred. (dailypress.com)
  • From January 1, 1987, through June 30, 1990, 44 cases of tuberculosis (TB) occurred among residents of Contra Costa County, California, who were known to use crack cocaine. (cdc.gov)
  • Between 1984 and 1987, cocaine incidents increased to 94,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1987, crack was reported to be available in the District of Columbia and all but four states in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Late last year, Seattle police noticed something unusual about the dealers selling crack cocaine who had taken over Seattle's Kinnear Park: Most of them were Honduran. (seattletimes.com)
  • As a youth in Detroit, Bettis and his brother made ends meet by selling crack cocaine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that increases levels of dopamine, a brain chemical (or neurotransmitter) associated with pleasure and movement, in the brain's reward circuit. (thebody.com)
  • Crack is a central nervous system stimulant that significantly increases alertness, inhibits hunger, and causes a surge of energy. (treatment4addiction.com)
  • According to the affidavit, Price's mother said she believed Price was high on crack cocaine when he took the child. (kvue.com)
  • After three games of the 1980 season he was waived by the San Francisco 49ers, after Bill Walsh saw Henderson high on crack cocaine. (wikipedia.org)