Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The amount of a gas taken up, by the pulmonary capillary blood from the alveolar gas, per minute per unit of average pressure of the gradient of the gas across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the RESIDUAL VOLUME and the EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is FRC.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
All organized methods of funding.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
The number of beds which a hospital has been designed and constructed to contain. It may also refer to the number of beds set up and staffed for use.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
"Country Capacity Strengthening , World Food Programme". www.wfp.org. Archived from the original on 9 October 2020. Retrieved 10 ... A country's resources require regional assistance with an emergency across one or multiple countries/territories Level 3 (L3 ... Founded in 1961, it is headquartered in Rome and has offices in 80 countries. As of 2019, it served 97 million people in 88 ... WFP estimates that nearly 272 million people in countries where it operates are acutely food insecure, or at risk of becoming ...
News from Countries and Dioceses. Centre Saint Andre. Tabaro 2013. Capacity Project Finalizes... Lack of Personnel alarms at ... The country officially became independent of Belgium on 1 July 1962. The first President of the country, Grégoire Kayibanda, ... It became the center for the Roman Catholic Church in Rwanda and is the site of the oldest cathedral in the country and of ... "Capacity Project Finalizes Strategic Plans for Nursing and Midwifery Schools in Rwanda". IntraHealth. Archived from the ...
"2.3 Uganda Road Network - Logistics Capacity Assessment". Digital Logistics Capacity Assessments. "Cars per Country". "Railway ... The country had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.36/10, ranking it 128th globally out of 172 countries. ... "A Country Study: Uganda", Library of Congress Country Studies Keatley, Patrick (18 August 2003). "Obituary: Idi Amin". The ... "Economic Policy and Debt - Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (39 countries)". "Economic growth and the MDGs - Resources - ...
... technical assistance for capacity-building; economic and trade cooperation among member countries; trade financing; SME ... special assistance and scholarships for member countries and Muslim communities in non-member countries; emergency relief; and ... The dam is 63 metres tall, around 1300 metres long and the reservoir's capacity is around 8 million cubic metres (MCM). The ... The basic condition for membership is that the prospective member country should be a member of the Organisation of Islamic ...
Technical assistance for capacity-building; Economic and trade cooperation among member countries; Trade financing; SME ... Special assistance and scholarships for member countries and Muslim communities in non-member countries; Emergency relief; and ... The basic condition for membership is that the prospective member country should be a member of the Organisation of Islamic ... The present membership of the Bank consists of 57 countries. ... to better serve Muslims in member and non-member countries. The ...
"Refining Capacities". Petroleum Association of Japan. Archived from the original on January 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-06.CS1 ... opened an office in Hanoi and is considering using the refinery as a base for expanding into Vietnam and surrounding countries ... There are 30 operating refineries in Japan with total capacity of 4.83 million barrels per day (768,000 m3/d), giving Idemitsu ... Kosan a 13% share of the refining capacity. The company claims between 14% and 34% market share for different products. As of ...
Since then two countries have signed 26 treaties. In 2005 Denmark launched a program in Croatia with aim to contribute to the ... Focus was on establishing capacity building. Denmark assisted with 13,5 million DKK. In 2012 Croatia exported $39,6 million ... Today, both countries are full members of the European union and NATO. Following Croatian independence from SFR Yugoslavia, ... "Five Countries Block Croatia for Hague Cooperation". Dalje.com. 25 February 2009. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012 ...
Carrying capacity is 715 kg (1,576 lb) for the standard cabin and 700 kg (1,543 lb) for the extended cabin. 1.0L VHT: 72 hp (54 ... The second-generation Parati is sold in Argentina as the Gol Country. A five-door version was added in 1997 and the three-door ... Its dimensions are 3.90 m in length, 1.66 m in width, 1.45 m in height with a wheelbase of 2.47 m, and luggage capacity of 285 ... It is called the Gol Sedan in several countries. The Voyage is available in four versions on the Brazilian market; 1.0, 1.6, ...
Galway, was a tower house, then a country estate. In 1906, Count Llewellyn Blake owned it and gave it to the Society of the ... Capacity for 500 seminarians; there were 35 in 2018. Redemptoris Mater Archdiocesan Missionary Seminary, Dundalk. Seminary for ... In 2017 it was training 16 seminarians from eight countries. The remaining diocesan seminaries are closed: All Hallows College ... Jean Baptiste François Pompallier and closed in 1869 when Pompallier left the country. The Marist Seminary - for the training ...
Bannerman, Natalie (March 13, 2018). "mu Space, SES and Hughes to provide broadband access to rural Thailand". Capacity Media. ... "mu Space secures satellite spectrum rights over 6 ASEAN countries". Startup Thailand. July 1, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019. " ... and Telecommunications Commission granted mu Space a 15-year license until 2032 to provide satellite services in the country. ...
... "significantly outstripping the capacity we have", but that she is "very confident" daily testing capacity can be raised to ... criticised the UK's decision to exclude his country from the list of countries from where travellers do not have to quarantine ... Most of the country, including London and Liverpool, will be Tier 2, while large parts of the Midlands, North East and North ... More than 40 countries have suspended flights to and from the UK. They include Hong Kong, which suspends all UK flights from ...
It is the largest film studio in the country and one of the largest in Europe. During WW2, many major pre-war film directors ... "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. "Table 6: Share of Top ... "Country Profiles". Europa Cinemas. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. "Table 11: ... Many prominent people of Czech cinema left the country before World War II including directors Karel Lamač and Gustav Machatý, ...
The Golden Age, as it is known, began that same year with the release of A Canção de Lisboa, and dominated the country for the ... "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. "Table 6: Share of Top ... "Top 50 countries ranked by number of feature films produced, 2005-2010". Screen Australia. Archived from the original on 15 May ... "Country Profiles". Europa Cinemas. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. "Table 11: ...
As in neighbouring countries, the early 1960s saw the fruition of the policy of relaxation, which mixed powerfully with ... "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. "Table 6: Share of Top ... "Country Profiles". Europa Cinemas. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. "Table 11: ... The Slovak film industry has been dogged by lack of money intensified by the country's small audience (2.9-5.4 million ...
In the years directly following the war, most effort was given to the reconstruction of the country; film was not a priority. ... "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. "Table 6: Share of Top ... Mostly these were Germans who had fled their country as Hitler took power. Several renowned German directors who would go on to ... Contrary to most other Dutch actors successful in Hollywood, Van Wageningen was not a major star in his own country before ...
In 2019, the country was the fourth-largest nuclear energy producer in the world; nuclear generated 20% of the country's ... Renewable capacity statistics 2020 (PDF). IRENA. Abu Dhabi: International Renewable Energy Agency. p. 3. ISBN 978-92-9260-239-0 ... "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 11 September 2018. "Report for Selected Countries and ... Most Innovative: Countries Bloomberg Business. 30 Most Innovative Countries Bloomberg Business. Times, The Moscow (14 March ...
In 2019, the country was the fourth-largest nuclear energy producer in the world; nuclear generated 20% of the country's ... Renewable capacity statistics 2020 (PDF). IRENA. Abu Dhabi: International Renewable Energy Agency. p. 3. ISBN 978-92-9260-239-0 ... It has a population of 146.2 million; and is the most populous country in Europe, and the ninth-most populous country in the ... It is the most populous country in Europe, and the ninth-most populous country in the world; with a population density of 9 ...
It is a private thermal power producer, with capacity of 12,450 MW. It also operates a mega solar plant of 40 MW at Naliya, ... This is the largest solar power project in the country and marked the group's entry into the renewable energy sector. 2014 - On ... This addition has led to an increase in APL's total capacity to 12,450 MW. With this, APL has become the largest private sector ... 2011 - On 6 June 2011, it synchronised its second unit of 660 MW bringing the total generating capacity to 2,640 MW and on 2 ...
French law currently recognizes corporate criminal capacity. German law does not recognize corporate criminal capacity: German ... Corporate crime has become politically sensitive in some countries. In the United Kingdom, for example, following wider ... and the corruption of public officials is thought to be a serious problem in developing countries, and an obstacle to ... United States law currently recognizes corporate criminal capacity. ...
Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while ... Its capacity was expected to be over 10,000 seats and it was to be completed before the start of the 2015-16 season. Those ... The stadium has a capacity of 20,985. Russian Cup (1): 2017-18 Russian Professional Football League (1): 2013-14, West Zone ...
By the end of 2019, the country had a total capacity of 790GW of renewable power, mainly from hydroelectric, solar and wind ... China's installed capacity of solar power reached 252 GW and wind power capacity was 282 GW, as of 2020. China's renewable ... However, like other developing countries, on a per-capita basis, China's carbon emissions were considerably less than countries ... its abilities and capacities to reduce emissions are comparatively lower than developed countries'. In 2018, the government has ...
Its establishment doubled the country's port capacity. Rothschild Boulevard - Tel Aviv - Rothschild Boulevard (Hebrew: ... Despite making up less than 8% of Israel's total land area, it houses about 45% of the country's total population. It is the ... TASE lists some 622 companies, about 60 of which are also listed on stock exchanges in other countries. TASE also lists some ... They were quickly replaced by a larger number of Jews fleeing from postwar Europe and persecution in Arab countries. However, ...
As a country in transition, the Romanian media system is under transformation. Reporters Without Borders ranks Romania 42nd in ... of exchange capacity is digital. Roughly 3,300 villages have outdated or no service. International service data: satellite ... In the early 1990s, only two state owned TV channels were available, one only in about 20% of the country. Private TV channels ... Foreign media have a presence in the country but have recently scaled it down The Romanian print press market is rich and ...
... operates in 110 countries and 5100 locations. Its total capacity is approximately 704,000 rooms. Accor owns and operates ... Accor operates in 110 countries and has 5100 locations. Its total capacity is approximately 704,000 rooms. Luxury (Raffles, ... 84 hotels in 27 countries), and the restaurant reservation and table management company ResDiary. AccorHotels partnered with ...
b) Capacity building and inter-institutional cooperation. AgroWeb Network has twenty seven member countries. The national ... The AgroWeb Network has introduced national portals of CEE countries. National portals include country-specific information ... AgroWeb Network is maintained by institutions and individuals operating in their respective countries. AgroWeb Network ...
Help countries develop their own assessment capacity; • Raise awareness on current and imminent/future water related challenges ... development of country case studies and follow-up at country level. The workshop provides policy makers with tools for ... This will enable countries to develop a roadmap towards a more sustainable development, for which water is critical in many ... The capacity building activities are tailored around 3 key themes: UN World Water Development Report • Water and Sustainable ...
Our country has a lot of capacity. ... for many children to grow in it. ... Westerners have got problems. Because their ... "the country's domestic agricultural and industrial development options," and that some countries "triumph" over others because ... Reports by the UN show birth control policies in Iran to be effective with the country topping the list of greatest fertility ... Dozens of mobile teams were sent to remote parts of the country to offer free vasectomies and tubal ligations. By 2001, an ...
Commonwealth countries account for 40 per cent of WTO membership. CBC's trade development objectives include encouraging trade ... Provide mechanisms that will help governments leverage the huge capacity of the private sector to address the demand for better ... Together the Commonwealth's 53 member countries account for 30 per cent of the world's population and about 25 per cent of its ... This gave CBC the capacity to make a special contribution to the debate on corporate citizenship, dominated by developed ...
31st stadium in the country by capacity. City of Oradea Stadium See the position of the stadium on the city map v t e. ...
To intensify capacity-building in developing countries; To enhance the capabilities of National Meteorological and Hydrological ... More than 65 countries currently host and operate the GAW's global or regional measurement stations. There are also " ... This has become particularly important in recent years as quite a number of stations are now operating in developing countries ... They are also charged with promoting twinning and training in developing countries. St. Fleur, Nicholas (10 November 2015). " ...
Associated countries have signed an association agreement for the purposes of this framework programme. To date, 14 countries ... and technological excellence on a particular research topic through the durable integration of the research capacities of the ... "Associated Countries" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 27 December 2016.. *^ Elis, Niv (2014). "Israel joins 77 billion euro ... They are composed of a minimum of three partners coming from three countries from Associated states but can join several tens ...
RaeLynn, country music star and competed on The Voice (TV series) in 2012. ... "U.S. Refineries* Operable Capacity". Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. July 2008.. ...
It is the country's most important waterway and natural symbol, and the term "Vistula Land" (Polish: kraj nad Wisłą) can be ... Although a project was undertaken to increase the traffic-carrying capacity of the river upstream of Warsaw by building a ... Both cities were among the largest in the country. Around 70% the exports from Gdańsk were of grain.[35] ... but Gdańsk soon became a starting point for German settlement of the largely fallow Vistulan country.[34] ...
Ireland and the UK belong to this category, and in contrast to the EU core countries above, these countries first joined the EU ... Low financial and organisational capacity caused by declining membership adds to the problem of interest definition, ... Union law varies from country to country, as does the function of unions. For example, German and Dutch unions have played a ... Trade unions by country[edit]. Australia[edit]. The Australian labour movement generally sought to end child labour practices, ...
Country Startup Date Capacity (MTPA) Corporation Gorgon. Barrow Island. Australia. 2016. 15 (3 x 5). Chevron 47% ... By the end of 2017, there were 19 LNG exporting countries and 40 LNG importing countries. The three biggest LNG exporters in ... Today, only 19 countries export LNG.[72] Compared with the crude oil market, in 2013 the natural gas market was about 72 ... 400 per ton per year of capacity to $1,000 per ton per year of capacity in 2008. ...
India is one of only a few countries where graduates from local medical schools end up working in other countries all over the ... these medical schools have a combined capacity to provide medical education for 63,985 students.[1] The Medical Council of ...
... the phase-out date varies from country to country. Today, all newly manufactured window air conditioners and mini split air ... but Honeywell continues to be the leader in capacity and sales.[4] R-410A was successfully commercialized in the air ...
In 1324 when Edward II of England, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine, failed to pay homage to the French king after a ... the Basques from the French side of the Basque Country traditionally call anyone who does not speak Basque a Gascon. ...
The Bulmers Strongbow vat is the largest alcoholic container in the world, with a capacity of 1.5 million gallons (6.8 million ... Country of origin. United Kingdom. Introduced. 1962. Alcohol by volume. 4.5-6.0%. ...
As part of the new Presidium, Pol Pot became the country's Prime Minister.[259] It was at this point that he took on the public ... although he was an ally of China's Marxist-Leninist government and admitted Marxism-Leninism's capacity to bring swift economic ... Their food was brought to them and provided through the only shop that remained open in the country.[309] Pol Pot saw the Khmer ... Pol Pot initiated a series of major irrigation projects across the country.[269] In the Eastern Zone, for instance, a huge dam ...
Tests, cases, tests per capita, cases per capita by country. *Tests, cases, tests per capita, cases per capita by country ... ICU capacity. *Human rights. *Legal *abortion in the U.S.. *crime *crime in Ireland ...
With the advent of democracy, Galician has been brought into the country's institutions, and it is now co-official with Spanish ... leaving Galician as a minor language with less capacity to counterbalance the influence of Spanish, the only official language ... was admitted as a consultative observer of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).[17] ...
In a separate capacity, the CSA is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) and, thereby, a military advisor to ...
In September 2014, it was estimated that the countries' capacity for treating Ebola patients was insufficient by the equivalent ... "Countries affected to date simply do not have the capacity to manage an outbreak of this size and complexity on their own. I ... The country's Minister of Health and Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko declared the entire region, including Yambuku and the ... in countries without widespread Ebola disease transmission: direct contact with a person showing symptoms of the disease while ...
"2003 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. United States Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor ... who receive trials rather than going directly into administrative detention is determined in part by how much capacity that ... "2003 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. United States Department of State. Retrieved 17 November 2008.. ... a b Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (2004); Section 2d: "Freedom of Movement within the Country, Foreign Travel, ...
In May 1944, Himmler told senior army officers that, "The Jewish question has been solved in Germany and in the countries ... Auschwitz alone had enough capacity to fulfill the Nazis' remaining extermination needs.[79] ...
Its historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in the latter two countries, it was hunted to ... Kohn, T. A.; Curry, J. W.; Noakes, T. D. (9 November 2011). "Black wildebeest skeletal muscle exhibits high oxidative capacity ...
This complements other efforts in that country such as the FCM InfraGuide for best practice exchange of all routine municipal ... improve government auditing worldwide and enhance professional capacities, standing and influence of member SAIs in their ... flourishing in other countries under the leardership of the International Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI ... respective countries. In keeping with INTOSAI's motto, 'Experientia mutua omnibus prodest', the exchange of experience among ...
In 1999, the country had some 237,000 physicians, 145,000 dentists, 77,000 nurses, 26,000 dietitians and 56,000 veterinarians. ... The Ministry of Public Health invested some US$120 million in the development of the capacity of these laboratories. In 2000, ... Technical cooperation projects are carried out with different countries, as well as with the World Bank and UNESCO among many ... Brazil is also engaged in an intense exchange with the Mercosul countries, aimed at establishing common health regulations.[5] ...
During the 1970s and 1980s Tange expanded his portfolio to include buildings in over 20 countries around the world. In 1985, at ... The gymnasium has a capacity of approximately 16,000 and the smaller building can accommodate up 5,300 depending on the events ...
By 2014, this number had risen to 28 million.[317] When Berlin Brandenburg opens, it will have a capacity of 27 million ... It is hoped that these upgrades will make the airport accessible for air travellers from the western regions of that country.[ ... "FTI is expanding its hot water capacity with a new charter airline". airliners.de. 28 August 2019.. ... "BER-beginnt-ein-weiteres-Jahr-der-Wahrheit" [(another) year of truth starts for BER - supposed capacity to be at 55mio till ...
"Get to know the flag carriers of the European countries". AirMundo. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 8 ... with the exception of some flights at Terminal 3 owing to insufficient capacity at Terminal 5. ...
In 2012, the DHS system had a hospital bed capacity of 1,465. DHS hospitals had 74,811 admissions, 1,251,553 outpatient visits ... The Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center provides physical therapy services to individuals around the country. ... Medicaid Demonstration Project designed to provide LADHS with federal fiscal relief to preserve vital community clinic capacity ...
In the early 1900s Detroit became the fourth-largest city in the country, attracting many black and white migrants from the ... "Man's capacity for justice makes democracy possible; but man's inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary." Niebuhr's ... As early as 1942, he advocated the expulsion of Arabs from Palestine and their resettlement in other Arab countries. His ... They exaggerate the sins committed by their own country, excuse the malevolence of its enemies and, as later polemicists have ...
Fishing seasons are set by countries or localities to indicate what kinds of fish may be caught during sport fishing (also ... In light of recent research, some countries, like Germany, have banned specific types of fishing and the British RSPCA now ... Laws and regulations managing angling vary greatly, often regionally, within countries. These commonly include permits ( ... Capacity for painEdit. Further information: Pain in fish. Rainbow trout. Animal protection advocates have raised concerns about ...
In Canada, a Masters of Science (M.Sc.) is the minimum requirement to practice Audiology in the country. The profession is ... In addition, many audiologists work as auditory scientists in a research capacity. ... The Government of India established the All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, which has become the country's leading ... increased the global demand of Indian Audiologists considering the shortage of these graduates especially in western countries ...
Nutritional food labels in most countries express energy in kilojoules (kJ).[10]. ... Heat capacity. *Volume (thermodynamics). *Thermodynamic equilibrium. *Thermal equilibrium. *Thermodynamic temperature. * ...
... country by country.[152]. For the first time since the demise of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, we face a global mass ... of lesser carrying capacity for wild species), over the last 10,000 years, has considerably reduced the Earth's carrying ... Chytrid fungus has spread across Australia, New Zealand, Central America and Africa, including countries with high amphibian ... 189 countries, which are signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio Accord),[151] have committed to preparing a ...
In western countries, cooked lentils are often used in salads.[2] Lentils are commonly eaten in Ethiopia in a stew-like dish ... The composition of lentils leads to a high emulsifying capacity which can be even increased by dough fermentation in bread ... A lentil and rice dish is referred to in Arab countries as mujaddara or mejadra. In Iran, rice and lentil is served with fried ... In agriculturally mechanized countries, lentils are planted using grain drills, but many other areas still hand broadcast.[2] ...
In 1961, he settled in Niger, serving as an adviser for the country's Foreign Ministry (extending a two-year contract until ... In this capacity, he was instructed to communicate to the Romanian Ambassador in Stockholm, Frederic Nanu, that he was to ask ... Djuvara returned to his native country soon after the Romanian Revolution of 1989. Between 1991 and 1998, he was an associate ... He also published extensively regarding the relationship between his native Romania and Europe, placing the country politically ...
While countries such as Panama may appear to possess a large merchant navy, this is a result of much of it being managed by ... List of merchant navy capacity by flag is a list of the world foremost fleets of registered trading vessels ranked in both ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CIA - World Factbook - Merchant Marine (cia.gov) - List of countries by Merchant Marine ...
... surrounding the House contests has largely been eclipsed by President Donald Trumps relentless assailment of the countrys ...
Strengthening statistical capacity for SDG monitoring: UNECE supports the Issue Based Coalition on Data and Monitoring for the ... Census Recommendations developed at UNECE call for countries to gather data on a core set of variables and provide detailed ... The guidance, endorsed by more than 65 countries, provides a stronger legal basis for statistics in support of informed ... only with comprehensive knowledge of the number and distribution of people in a country, and the shares of children, youth, ...
This is a list of stadiums in the Nordic countries by capacity. The Nordic countries are Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark and ... Stadiums with a capacity of 15,000 or more are included. List of European stadiums by capacity List of association football ... stadiums by capacity "Friends Arena - StadiumDB.com". stadiumdb.com. Retrieved 2019-12-24. "Ullevi stadium". Retrieved 2020-04- ...
... Kevin S. Milligan, David A. ... We use mortality as a measure of health to assess the capacity to work at older ages in 12 OECD countries. For a given level of ... "Health and Work at Older Ages: Using Mortality to Assess the Capacity to Work Across Countries," Journal of Population Ageing, ... the employment rates of older workers vary substantially across countries and over time within countries. At each mortality ...
... regional and interregional economic and technical cooperation among developing countries, implemented as individual projects ... Development Account projects aim at capacity-building through sub-regional, ... In order to seize these new opportunities for inclusive and sustainable growth, developing countries need strengthened capacity ... Yet, for most developing countries, particularly least developed countries, there are significant gaps in awareness of, and ...
... ... 2005)‎. A strategy for strengthening technical capacity in reproductive health in developing countries : service guidance ...
The WHO Regional Committee for Europe adopted the European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services ... European countries adopt action plan for strengthening public health capacities ... Dr Hans Kluge presenting the European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services at RC 62, Malta. The ... Cyprus, on behalf of countries of the European Union (EU), expressed its broad support of the Plan, with some minor changes to ...
Conclusions Low-income countries lack ICU beds, and more than 50% of these countries lack any published data on ICU capacity. ... In low-income countries, the burden of critical illness is substantial, but the capacity to provide care for critically ill ... Our aim was to systematically review the published literature to estimate the current ICU capacity in low-income countries. ... with data on ICU capacity for pediatric and adult patients in 36 low-income countries (as defined by World Bank criteria; ...
"TC Programme has increased radiotherapy capacity in our country", says Ambassador of Sudan ... This human resource capacity building has helped to improve Sudans ability to respond to the increasing needs of its cancer ... Currently, a new national TC project has been submitted for the upcoming TC cycle to further address the countrys efforts in ... Many have been trained in the neighbouring country Egypt, as well as in India, South Africa, Turkey and the UK. ...
Governments will be urged to tax more effectively, and donors will be called upon to help build capacity in developing country ... Building Tax Capacity in Developing Countries. ICTD Policy Brief 96. Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton, UK (2015 ... While there is considerable evidence that donor support can enhance tax capacity, success is not guaranteed. In order for such ... and more on how developing countries can generate their own financial resources for development. ...
... and middle-income countries for service users and caregivers, service planners and researchers - Volume 27 Issue 1 ... Evaluating capacity-building for mental health system strengthening in low- ... Evaluation of capacity-building strategies for mental health system strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for ... Evaluation of capacity-building strategies for mental health system strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for ...
Health topics Noncommunicable diseases Cancer Publications Country capacity for noncommunicable disease prevention and control ... The survey was designed to measure the capacity of individual countries to respond to the prevention and control of NCDs. ... Country capacity for noncommunicable disease prevention and control in the WHO European Region. ... WHO conducted a global survey of country capacity for the prevention and control of NCDs during 2009-2010. ...
... capacity will be used to help the humanity in fighting the COVID-19 crisis and New Delhi will also help interested countries in ... enhancing their cold chain and storage capacities for the delivery of vaccines, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla said ... India to help countries in enhancing strorage capacities for delivery of COVID-19 vaccines, says Shringla. Read full article. ... India will also help interested countries in enhancing their cold chain and storage capacities for the delivery of vaccines, ...
Well-functioning tax systems allow countries to chart their own futures and pay for essential services such as education and ... Adequate tax capacity is vital to our client countries. Well-functioning tax systems allow countries to chart their own futures ... Indeed, tax capacity is a fundamental development issue. Countries with tax revenues below 15 percent of GDP have difficulty ... Sadly, more than one-third of the worlds poorest countries are below this threshold, as are 70 percent of countries afflicted ...
Strengthening clinical research capacity in low and middle income countries. The Academy of Medical Sciences and InterAcademy ... It is therefore vital to understand the capacity of trained and active clinical researchers within a country or geographic ... facilitated discussions around clinical research capacity in low and middle income countries (LMICs) and how it can be improved ... These limited capacities pose a serious challenge for the effective translation of clinical research questions, the development ...
We also describe the tools ability to help countries focus One Health capacity-building efforts to appropriately prevent, ... The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention created the One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization Tool to help countries ... and shared themes from countries implementing this process. ... Such activities will enhance the capacity of countries to ... Six countries ranked viral, bacterial, and fungal zoonoses, and 2 countries also ranked parasitic diseases; 1 country ranked ...
... institutional and organizational capacity for social health protection of the informal sector in lesser-developed countries: A ... institutional and organizational capacity for social health protection of the informal sector in lesser-developed countries: A ... institutional capacity and the third-party status of the national agency. This study adds to the evidence base on appropriate ... calling for countries to provide affordable, quality health care for everyone, relating to the United Nations Sustainable ...
2010: Legal capacity and proxy decision making. Issues surrounding the loss of legal capacity. In 1989, the system of legal ... 2020 Ethical issues linked to legal capacity and decision making (summary) *2020 Ethical issues linked to legal capacity and ... Voting capacity. A person who is a Swedish citizen and at least 18 years of age may vote, as the system of declaring a person ... Capacity in specific domains. Marriage and divorce. In order to marry, a person must be at least 18, not closely related to his ...
2010: Legal capacity and proxy decision making. Issues surrounding the loss of legal capacity. A person is declared legally ... 2020 Ethical issues linked to legal capacity and decision making (summary) *2020 Ethical issues linked to legal capacity and ... Contractual capacity. If a person carries out an act, which by law requires the consent of a judicial counsellor, and consent ... Testamentary capacity. The Greek Inheritance law is regulated by articles 1710 to 2035 of the Greek Civil Code. There are three ...
2014)‎. Progress on the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in the Western Pacific Region : country capacity ...
... more mid-band capacity has been added to hundreds of cell sites throughout the country. While you hear a lot about T-Mobiles ... more mid-band capacity has been added to hundreds of cell sites throughout the country. While you hear a lot about T-Mobiles ... 100s of sites were upgraded with more midband capacity in just the last two weeks and #WeWontStop! This is why weve had the ...
10 African countries participate in a global simulation exercise to test their capacity to respond to a deadly flu pandemic. ... African countries test their capacity to respond to a deadly global flu pandemic 04 décembre 2018. ... African countries test their capacity to respond to a deadly global flu pandemic ... African countries test their capacity to respond to a deadly global flu pandemic... ...
How to Deliver Capacity Building to Partner Countries. Start: 22 September 2015 ... The capacity building activities are carried out through the ICMPD Competence Centres, each of which is named according to one ... Specifically, through its capacity building programmes, ICMPD develops and organises training programmes, facilitates ... ICMPD contributes with its capacity building activities to good migration governance and aims to strengthen national and ...
Of the 144 countries with renewable energy support policies and targets in place, 95 are developing nations. The rise of ... Developing countries outpacing leading industrial nations in global renewable energy capacity. Of the 144 countries with ... and Germany remained the top countries for total installed renewable power capacity. Chinas new renewable power capacity ... For the first time, more solar PV than wind power capacity was added worldwide, accounting for about one-third of renewable ...
WHO country office in collaboration with the WHO regional office for the Eastern Mediterranean coordinated and supported MoHP ... training programme aimed at exchange of experiences and ideas as well as capacitate team members from three regional countries ... مصر , الأحداث , Capacity-building for countries in snail control to eliminate schistosomiasis ... as well as conducting capacity-building of team members from 3 countries on schistosomiasis elimination. Participants from ...
Lack of operational capacity at all levels of the health sector, however, constrains scale-up [3]. In countries most affected ... Geissler C. Capacity building in public health nutrition. Proc Nutr Soc 2015 Nov;74(4):430-436. [CrossRef] [Medline] ... Relevance to Capacity Building. Severe malnutrition in childhood is a complex clinical condition that is challenging to manage ... Nutrition capacity development: a practice framework. Public Health Nutr 2014 Mar;17(3):682-688. [CrossRef] [Medline] ...
... and to implement a country-driven CHM project. ... To assist the Government of Kiribati in assessing capacity ... Assessment of Capacity Building Needs and Country-specific Priorities in Biodiversity Including Clearing House Mechanism (add ... To assist the Government of Kiribati in assessing capacity building needs for specific priorities necessary to protect national ... and to implement a country-driven CHM project. ...
Fiscal Capacity and Aid Allocation: Domestic Resource Mobilization and Foreign Aid in Developing Countries. Options for this ... Fiscal Capacity and Aid Allocation: Domestic Resource Mobilization and Foreign Aid in Low-Income Countries (Research Note) ... there has been no systematic study of whether fiscal capacity and performance in developing countries has any impact on donor ... Specifically, the authors calculate a tax effort index for recipient countries over the period 1990-2012 and examine trends in ...
Its provided countries with vital opportunities to build capacity for measuring and reporting on reductions in greenhouse gas ... Building the capacity of developing countries to protect and preserve their rainforests. September 20, 2019 ... The project principally worked with technical specialists for these countries with the ultimate goal of helping these countries ... The project provided participating countries with training through in-country workshops on how to strengthen institutions, ...
  • The WHO Regional Committee for Europe adopted the European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services at its 62nd session that concluded yesterday in Malta. (who.int)
  • Countries and their governments need to make their own decisions on strengthening their tax systems, reflecting their specific needs and circumstances. (worldbank.org)
  • Strengthening participation of developing countries in international rule-setting. (worldbank.org)
  • The Academy of Medical Sciences and InterAcademy Partnership for Health convened a policy workshop on strengthening clinical research capacity in low and middle income countries in London on the 3-4 July 2017. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • International cooperation and financial assistance from experienced high-income countries, focusing on building capacity, might be useful in strengthening the current reporting systems in LMICs in the EMR. (nih.gov)
  • Country ownership and capacity building: the next buzzwords in health systems strengthening or a truly new approach to development? (nih.gov)
  • During the last decade, donor governments and international agencies have increasingly emphasized the importance of building the capacity of indigenous health care organizations as part of strengthening health systems and ensuring sustainability. (nih.gov)
  • An international commission has argued that strengthening research capacity is one of the most powerful, cost-effective, and sustainable means of advancing health and development. (scielosp.org)
  • According to a 1990 report of the international Commission on Health Research for Development (5), "strengthening research capacity in developing countries is one of the most powerful, cost-effective, and sustainable means of advancing health and development. (scielosp.org)
  • Strengthening the core health research capacity of national health systems helps build country resilience to epidemics: a cross-sectional survey. (bvsalud.org)
  • TDR, The Special Programme for Research and Training hosted at the World Health Organization , has long supported Low- and Middle- Income Countries in strengthening research capacity through three training programmes the Postgraduate Training Scheme (PGTS), the Clinical Research and Development Fellowship (CRDF), and the Structured Operational Research Training InitiaTive (SORT IT). (bvsalud.org)
  • System strengthening and research will need to be better integrated to achieve this in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) so that changes in coverage, quality, and impact are measured, costs are contained, and health systems are responsive to users' needs and concerns. (plos.org)
  • Therefore, laboratory capacity building for IHR core capacity 8 must by necessity focus on strengthening the routine systems within which events are detected and reported. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this narrative review, we draw together evidence from low and middle-income countries to highlight challenges to research capacity strengthening in conflict, as well as examples of good practice. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Yet, there is little evidence on what constitutes effective health research capacity strengthening in conflict-affected areas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Strengthening health research capacity in conflict-affected areas needs to occur at multiple levels to ensure sustainability and equity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Capacity strengthening interventions need to take into consideration the dynamics of conflict, power dynamics within research collaborations, the potential impact of technology, and the wider political environment in which they take place. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Capacity strengthening for health research is a central concern for development initiatives undertaken in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite increasing levels of investment in health research capacity strengthening, there is little consensus on how best to design and evaluate programmes targeting the development of capacity in global health, which has led to an evidence-lite and fragmented field of practice. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Joint Coordinating Board (JCB) agreed with the increased focus on intervention and implementation research, research capacity strengthening and knowledge management. (who.int)
  • Sustainable products (internationally traded goods and services that are sustainably produced and promote sustainable consumption) offer considerable export opportunities for developing countries. (un.org)
  • And because many sustainable products are produced in rural areas and require lower-skill workers, including women and young people, their production can contribute significantly to environmental protection, the efficient and sustainable use of natural resources, economic diversification, job creation and poverty reduction in economically marginalized rural areas of developing countries. (un.org)
  • In order to seize these new opportunities for inclusive and sustainable growth, developing countries need strengthened capacity to identify their production and export strengths in terms of sustainable products and to put into place the national policies, regulations and institutions needed to create an enabling environment for their production and export. (un.org)
  • Yet, for most developing countries, particularly least developed countries, there are significant gaps in awareness of, and cooperation on, national production and export opportunities in sustainable product sectors among national policymakers and other stakeholders. (un.org)
  • The UNCTAD national sustainable product export reviews are aimed at filling these gaps through results-oriented capacity-building activities to assist interested developing countries in devising national strategies and action plans to advance sustainable product export development. (un.org)
  • The agenda for the Third International Conference on Financing for Development suggests there will be less focus on aid, and more on how developing countries can generate their own financial resources for development. (www.gov.uk)
  • Governments will be urged to tax more effectively, and donors will be called upon to help build capacity in developing country tax administrations. (www.gov.uk)
  • How can we build tax capacity in developing countries? (worldbank.org)
  • The recommendations in our report, " Enhancing the Effectiveness of External Support in Building Tax Capacity in Developing Countries ," present an ambitious agenda for development partners to support developing nations to strengthen their tax systems and realize their development objectives, as well as strive for achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. (worldbank.org)
  • This workshop is funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund that aims to support cutting-edge research that addresses the challenges faced by developing countries. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • This study adds to the evidence base on appropriate and effective institutional and organizational arrangements for social health protection in the informal sector in developing countries. (eldis.org)
  • Of the 144 countries with renewable energy support policies and targets in place, 95 are developing nations. (pv-magazine.com)
  • The number of emerging economy nations with policies in place to support the expansion of renewable energy has surged more than six-fold in just eight years, from 15 developing countries in 2005 to 95 early this year, according to REN21's Renewables 2014 Global Status Report . (pv-magazine.com)
  • Those 95 developing nations now make up the vast majority of the 144 countries with renewable energy support policies and targets in place, the report says, adding that the rise of developing world support contrasts with declining support and renewables policy uncertainty and even retroactive support reductions in some European countries and the United States. (pv-magazine.com)
  • Markets, manufacturing, and investment expanded further across the developing world, clearly illustrating that renewables are no longer dependent upon a small handful of countries,' REN21 reports. (pv-magazine.com)
  • Its specific contribution is with regards to the interaction between fiscal performance and donor aid allocation in developing countries. (unrisd.org)
  • While several studies have examined whether aid affects fiscal performance, there has been no systematic study of whether fiscal capacity and performance in developing countries has any impact on donor aid allocation decisions. (unrisd.org)
  • However, often these are in developing countries where policies, law enforcement and finance flows are poor. (blogs.com)
  • REDD+ offers incentives for developing countries to conserve and restore forest lands, through the receipt of results-based payments. (blogs.com)
  • The RRR+ project provided training and support to assist developing countries to produce more technically robust inventories of domestic GHG emissions from forests and other natural land uses, compliant with the methods and guidelines stipulated by the IPCC - the international authority on reporting emissions and carbon stocks. (blogs.com)
  • Historically, capacity building in developing countries has been externally driven, related to project implementation, and often resulted in disempowerment of local organizations rather than local ownership. (nih.gov)
  • There are three main keys to developing appropriate prehospital training materials for low- and middle-income countries. (ghdonline.org)
  • MSH interviewed AIDSTAR-Two's Deputy Director and Senior Technical Advisor for Capacity Building Ummuro Adano on the connections between civil society and country-led HIV & AIDS programs in developing countries. (msh.org)
  • In fact, that is a common trend in many developing countries - putting civil society players at the forefront of the AIDS response, especially for key populations. (msh.org)
  • However, the global effort to promote research in developing countries has been mostly policy driven, and largely at the initiative of donor agencies based in developed countries. (scielosp.org)
  • In organizations in the health field, if reference to research is not in the mission statement, then developing a relevant research capacity is made vastly more difficult. (scielosp.org)
  • This paper draws from key international research policy documents and observations on the behavior of research and donor agencies in relation to developing countries. (scielosp.org)
  • The challenge of promoting health research in developing countries was recently addressed by the Global Forum on Health Research (7), with particular origins in the international perspective of the United Nations and other development agencies. (scielosp.org)
  • Furthermore, like all managers, the research manager must manage change, for example, adjusting the capacity of a research organization to the rapidly evolving patterns of health and disease, such as the emergence of the AIDS pandemic and the now-burgeoning impact of noncommunicable diseases in virtually all developing countries. (scielosp.org)
  • Information Technology and Fiscal Capacity in a Developing Country: Evidence from Ethiopia. (www.gov.uk)
  • Governments in developing countries are typically constrained by a limited fiscal capacity to finance the provision of essential public goods - a constraint that has been cited as one of the fundamental challenges to economic development. (www.gov.uk)
  • Photovoltaics for Rural Electrification in Developing Countries - A Roadmap - Ta. (limetorrents.cc)
  • The Paris Agreement's enhanced transparency framework places new and more stringent requirements on developing countries. (org.in)
  • These countries, together with the European Commission committed to developing, acquiring and rolling out a pan-European infrastructure for supercomputers. (primeurmagazine.com)
  • Old-fashioned 'parachute science' - in which scientists from industrialised countries fly in to developing countries, obtain blood from a few patients and immediately return home with their samples - is no longer acceptable, say Frances Gotch and Jill Gilmour in Nature Immunology . (scidev.net)
  • Developing country scientists want to take ownership of scientific endeavours, or at least be equal partners, say the authors. (scidev.net)
  • Abstract: In the global fight for additional world security, stability and sustainability, the need for enhancing human, institutional and infrastructure capacity in developing countries is insistently of dire concern. (uj.ac.za)
  • Such type of structure will enable the mixture of foreign capital via pulling in transnational corporations and establishments to invest in the developing country, aid in making the most of international aid funds, and offer a basis for business development by indigenous entrepreneurs. (uj.ac.za)
  • For these reasons, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO) are intensifying key efforts in developing countries as a synchronized approach towards technical capacity building. (uj.ac.za)
  • Building the capacity of developing countries to effectively track progress toward meeting domestic climate, energy, and development goals. (wri.org)
  • Developing countries face the challenge of meeting development goals while at the same time reducing their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in order to address climate change. (wri.org)
  • To that end WRI worked through the Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) project to build national capacities in developing countries to measure GHG emissions and track performance toward low-carbon development goals. (wri.org)
  • Developing the health security capacity needed to manage infectious disease outbreaks is a challenge for many countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Although maize, rice and wheat dominate global food production, several other crops are of great importance for some communities in developing countries ( Supplementary Table 1 ). (nature.com)
  • The magnitude of the breeding effort for those orphan crops and the capacity of adopting modern technologies is extremely variable across developing countries and generally directly related to the health of the national economy. (nature.com)
  • In recent years, low-income developing countries have benefited from around half of the IMF's CD-related resources. (imf.org)
  • There are more than 300 million small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries, which contribute up to 40% of national GDP. (technoserve.org)
  • SMEs account for about 70% of all jobs in developing countries. (technoserve.org)
  • This meeting continues the work of developing a practical toolkit that will build the capacities of activists in public services unions, with a clear emphasis on the unique situations of Caribbean SIDS. (world-psi.org)
  • She has several years' experience in building the capacity of developing country delegates to negotiate, and has published work on the global adaptation goal. (iied.org)
  • There's a "savings revolution" taking place in many developing countries. (care.org)
  • Dr M Iqbal Choudhary, while introducing the distinguished speaker pointed out that there was a dire need of capacity building in OIC member states for clinical trials and networking among the experts for sharing knowledge and developing partnerships. (com.pk)
  • Potential Role for Insurance in Managing Catastrophic Risk in Developing Countries , IFPRI Occasional Paper. (fao.org)
  • Censuses are the keystone of national statistics - only with comprehensive knowledge of the number and distribution of people in a country, and the shares of children, youth, working-age people and older people, can effective policies be designed and monitored. (unece.org)
  • At the international level, intergovernmental forums organized in Geneva for the review of national reports will provide opportunities for the sharing among countries of success stories and lessons learned. (un.org)
  • Other countries reiterated their support, stating their commitment to undertake further reviews of their public health services and integrate the revised EPHOs in their national strategies and systems. (who.int)
  • The Ambassador, speaking at the annual event organized by the IAEA's Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) at the IAEA's headquarters in Vienna, praised the impact of the TC programme in increasing national human resource capacities in radiotherapy and other related areas in Sudan, as well as the significant contribution the programme has made to Sudan's efforts to expand and consolidate its medical infrastructure for cancer care. (iaea.org)
  • Numerous IAEA fellowships have been provided to medical doctors and other essential staff working in oncology in Sudan, with the aim of improving national abilities to provide specialized treatment to cancer patients in the country. (iaea.org)
  • The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention created the One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization Tool to help countries identify zoonotic diseases of greatest national concern using input from representatives of human health, agriculture, environment, and wildlife sectors. (cdc.gov)
  • The OHZDP tool enables a country or region to bring together representatives from human, animal, and environmental health sectors to prioritize the endemic and emerging zoonoses of greatest national concern that should be jointly addressed by human, animal, and environmental health ministries using country- or region-specific criteria. (cdc.gov)
  • Key documents proposed the establishment of a national structure for the unification of the informal-sector schemes but left unresolved issues related to structure, institutional capacity and the third-party status of the national agency. (eldis.org)
  • The national EOCs of the 14 countries taking part in the exercise will respond to emailed updates and questions from the WHO EOC. (who.int)
  • ICMPD contributes with its capacity building activities to good migration governance and aims to strengthen national and regional capacities in order to deal with the current challenges in various fields of migration. (ecdpm.org)
  • To assist the Government of Kiribati in assessing capacity building needs for specific priorities necessary to protect national biodiversity in accordance with the NBSAP recommendations and the GEF and CoP/CBD guidelines, and to implement a country-driven CHM project. (thegef.org)
  • As a result of the support, thirteen countries have reported an enhanced understanding of the national institutional arrangements required for GHG inventory compilation and reporting, and eleven countries have successfully produced GHG inventories in the AFOLU sector ready to be included in their submission to the UNFCCC. (blogs.com)
  • Capacity and potential of SHP in European extra EU countries as estimated by the national experts in the BlueAGE questionnaire and used in various figures and tables of this report. (zanran.com)
  • Last week I issued the directive by which 10 pct of their ICU capacity was to be prepared for COVID cases, which will have separate circuits in the event of the increase of ICU cases, and today there were discussions at the national level about the reserves of ICU beds in these hospitals. (nineoclock.ro)
  • WFP works with national institutions to enhance the capacity of social safety nets to assist poor and vulnerable people, and engages in new partnerships with the Government, other UN agencies and NGO partners around the use and further development of WFP's voucher platform, which transfers assistance through an electronic card. (wfp.org)
  • In May 2017, Burkina Faso's National Arbovirus/Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Reference Laboratory achieved capacity to test for Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Rift Valley fever, dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • There is thus a great need to strengthen national capacity and resources for monitoring, and to generate political support to do so. (unwater.org)
  • WRI's engagement within each country was prioritized according to national capacity needs, which were identified through scoping assessments conducted with in-country partners. (wri.org)
  • Countries are the centre and starting point for all monitoring and oversee national monitoring via their national statistical system. (unwater.org)
  • Countries will need to decide on a suitable structure for implementing SDG 6 monitoring at the national level, building on existing monitoring efforts. (unwater.org)
  • It is clear that a lot of countries struggle with too little technical capacity and too few human and financial resources, and it is absolutely essential to further enhance national-level capacity for SDG 6 monitoring. (unwater.org)
  • Depending on the indicator, more intensive support is also available, such as in-country technical assistance and training workshops at the national, regional and global levels. (unwater.org)
  • Thanks to their involvement in the national monitoring process, countries may see a large increase in the available data. (unwater.org)
  • The Population Division builds and strengthens national capacities to estimate and analyse population levels and trends and other demographic indicators for formulating and implementing national policies and programmes related to population and development. (un.org)
  • Core capacity 8 of IHR(2005) obligates World Health Organization (WHO) Member States to establish mechanisms for providing reliable and timely laboratory identification and characterization of infectious agents and other hazards likely to cause public health emergencies of national and international concern, including shipment of specimens to the appropriate laboratories if necessary. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Attaining adequate capacities will require functional community, sub-national and national systems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Davide Crippa, Italy's Undersecretary for Economic Development, has announced the country's withdrawal from a seven-country alliance led by Poland, which argued for preserving national sovereignty over decisions to finance emergency power plants. (euractiv.com)
  • Mostly out of pragmatism, the European Commission has adopted a rather tolerant approach to "capacity mechanisms" - national schemes that remunerate back-up power plants - accepting that EU countries face different challenges in the energy transition. (euractiv.com)
  • In GAGGA, Both ENDS supports environmental grassroots funds, NGOs and networks to engage directly in lobby &advocacy activities at local, national and international levels, and builds the capacities of grassroots groups to do so. (bothends.org)
  • She examined adaptation projects being implemented in least developed countries under the National Adaptation Programmes of Action and presented potential classification systems for these projects within the frameworks of various UN agencies. (iied.org)
  • Brazzaville, 4 December 2018 - A simulation of a response to a deadly global flu pandemic involving more than 40 countries, including 10 on the African continent is taking place 4-6 December, 2018. (who.int)
  • 23 July 2018 - The WHO country office for Egypt, in collaboration with the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, have been supporting the Ministry of Health and Population in Egypt to conduct regional training on snail control. (who.int)
  • This meeting is part of the 5-year project (2018 - 2022) "Climate Change: Building Trade Union Capacities and Quality Public Services for a Just Transition" supported by Swedish Trade Unions - Akademikerförbundet SSR, Vision and Kommunal. (world-psi.org)
  • Dr Kluge outlined the key elements of the resolution, which include taking forward the Action Plan as a pillar for implementation of Health 2020, acknowledging the revised EPHOs and the countries' need to assess their EPHOs, and collaborating on implementation under the leadership and with the support of WHO. (who.int)
  • As part of the implementation of the Action Plan of WHO's Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, WHO conducted a global survey of country capacity for the prevention and control of NCDs during 2009-2010. (who.int)
  • These limited capacities pose a serious challenge for the effective translation of clinical research questions, the development and implementation of comprehensive research proposals and the ability to oversee complex clinical research projects. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • The objective of this Capacity Needs Assessment (CNA) study is to identify where and how to improve Ghanas agricultural policy analysis, investment planning, implementation, M&E, and knowledge management. (resakss.org)
  • Building government's capacity in macroeconomic analysis, diagnostic and modeling tools, and policy formulation and implementation, with a focus on country-specific institutional contexts. (imf.org)
  • Laboratory is one of the core capacities that countries must develop for the implementation of the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) since laboratory services play a major role in all the key processes of detection, assessment, response, notification, and monitoring of events. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This three-year project (2016-2019) set out to build capacity for measuring and reporting on reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and enhancement of carbon stocks in agriculture, forestry and across other types of natural land use (the AFOLU sector) in 21 tropical and subtropical forest countries. (blogs.com)
  • 2019. "Circulating Interleukin-6 Level, Dietary Antioxidant Capacity, and Risk of Colorectal Cancer. (mdpi.com)
  • Increasingly, tax capacity is an international issue that is gaining traction among donors and others in the international development arena, not least with the commitment of those who signed the Addis Tax Initiative to double funding to this area by 2020. (worldbank.org)
  • The United Nations have proclaimed the "Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020" to reduce traffic fatalities worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). (nih.gov)
  • Haiti ranks 170th of 189 countries on the 2020 Human Development Index. (wfp.org)
  • The activities include building surveillance and diagnostic capacities. (who.int)
  • To achieve this objective, researchers first needed to identify and understand countrylevel capacities, skills, and analytical tools that already exist and function effectively in addition to ones that are deficient or nonexistent. (resakss.org)
  • It also provides the analytical, operational, and monitoring tools countries need to tackle inequality. (imf.org)
  • There is therefore a need to strengthen health research capacity in conflict-affected countries and regions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Such projects take into consideration existing capacities and different operational conditions within the region. (iaea.org)
  • Scaling up improved management of severe acute malnutrition has been identified as the nutrition intervention with the largest potential to reduce child mortality, but lack of operational capacity at all levels of the health system constrains scale-up. (jmir.org)
  • However, building research capacity is not altogether different from building other kinds of organizational capacity, and it involves two major dimensions: strategic and operational. (scielosp.org)
  • It examines capacity-building primarily as a challenge for research managers, realities underlying operational effectiveness and efficiency, approaches to resource mobilization, and the need for marketing the research enterprise. (scielosp.org)
  • In addressing research capacity-building, there are two main levels: strategic and operational. (scielosp.org)
  • The training programme aimed at exchanging experiences and ideas, as well as conducting capacity-building of team members from 3 countries on schistosomiasis elimination. (who.int)
  • WFP school feeding programme is considered to be the largest food safety net in the country. (wfp.org)
  • The new vision focuses the programme on building the capacity for better interactions between researchers and public health implementers in their own countries, and making sure that what is known is set in place for increased access to health services for those in the remotest and poorest settings. (who.int)
  • The analysis shows that there are important gaps in terms of donors delivering on their commitments to align with recipient country priorities and providing aid through country PFM systems. (unrisd.org)
  • The interest in country ownership is related to many factors, including a growing realization that the effectiveness of external development assistance-including the HIV and AIDS response-will be enhanced when local people and their own organizations and institutions set priorities, genuinely own and control development initiatives, learn from experience, and strengthen institutions and practices needed to sustain progress. (msh.org)
  • We find that authorship trends in health research indicate global imbalances in research capacity, with implications for the type and priorities of research produced, equity within epistemic communities and the development of sustainable research capacity in low and middle-income countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • LAPP activities align with Global Health Security Agenda priorities and have focused on expanding laboratory diagnostic capacity, implementing a laboratory quality control and quality assurance program, and providing epidemiologic support to strengthen reporting of pertussis surveillance data. (cdc.gov)
  • Specifically, through its capacity building programmes, ICMPD develops and organises training programmes, facilitates international and interagency cooperation and supports governmental and administrative bodies in their institution building, policy formulation and legal reform efforts in six thematic areas: irregular migration & return, trafficking in human beings, border management & visa, asylum, migration & development and legal migration & integration. (ecdpm.org)
  • With some overlap between programmes, 84% of those trained through CRDF were applying their skills in 27 countries, 91% of those trained through PGTS were applying their skills in 19 countries, and through SORT IT, this was 73% in 62 countries. (bvsalud.org)
  • Research training programmes build research capacity and equip health workers with transferable core competencies and skillsets prior to epidemics . (bvsalud.org)
  • Many have been trained in the neighbouring country Egypt, as well as in India, South Africa, Turkey and the UK. (iaea.org)
  • The threat of a deadly pandemic flu outbreak persists and it is essential that countries in the African region strengthen their capacities to respond by participating in these simulation exercises," says Dr Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO Regional Director for Africa. (who.int)
  • Established in 2003, CLACC is a growing network of Fellows and international experts from Africa and Asia who work under the auspices of IIED to support Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to adapt to the impacts of climate change. (iied.org)
  • AIDSTAR-Two has also strengthened the organizational, networking, communications, advocacy, and HIV service delivery capacity of multiple civil society organizations in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region , where people living with HIV (PLHIV) and key populations face such heavy stigma and discrimination, and even deadly attacks in some cases. (msh.org)
  • In this paper, we document the impact of ETS using quasi-experimental evidence from Ethiopia - a low-income country in Sub-Saharan Africa which expanded use of ESRMs in recent years. (www.gov.uk)
  • This will make Uganda the first country in to Africa to accomplish this milestone. (cdc.gov)
  • In this paper, we discuss some of the efforts made by the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) in supporting laboratory capacity development in the Africa region. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, resource-limited countries, especially those in sub-Saharan Africa, need considerable capacity building. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Profile of capacity and response to noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in the Region of the Americas. (paho.org)
  • The rise in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is increasingly undermining sustainable development, especially in low- and middle-income countries which suffer the highest burden of disease. (paho.org)
  • The project provided participating countries with training through in-country workshops on how to strengthen institutions, systems and processes to report their GHG emissions and removals to the UNFCCC. (blogs.com)
  • Building capacity for the Paris Agreement's enhanced transparency framework: what can we learn from countries' experiences and UNFCCC processes? (org.in)
  • Brianna supports the Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group at the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. (iied.org)
  • And she designs training workshops and mentors junior women to become better UNFCCC negotiators as part of the European Capacity Building Initiative (ecbi). (iied.org)
  • Funded by the USAID Global Health Bureau/Office of HIV and AIDS , AIDSTAR-Two is addressing these realities: contributing to stronger and more sustainable, country-led HIV and AIDS programs, organizations and networks by offering systematic organizational capacity building. (msh.org)
  • Building research capacity is similar to building other kinds of organizational capacity. (scielosp.org)
  • To this end, the Integrated Monitoring Initiative engages with countries to support the development of long-term institutional capacity for monitoring. (unwater.org)
  • To this end, IMI-SDG6 provides a range of technical and institutional capacity-building support to countries. (unwater.org)
  • Adequate tax capacity is vital to our client countries. (worldbank.org)
  • This workshop brought together experts and evidence to examine the current capacity of clinical researchers in LMICs and to identify barriers and challenges to having an adequate supply of clinical researchers. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • Local strategies need coordination from different government sectors with participation of the public and adequate capacity was underscored at the workshop. (unisdr.org)
  • To shift to a new paradigm of country owned capacity building, donor assistance needs to be inclusive in the planning process and create true partnerships to conduct organizational assessments, analyze challenges to organizational success, prioritize addressing challenges, and implement appropriate activities to build new capacity in overcoming challenges. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of this project was to build the skills of scientists in Pacific atoll countries to undertake physical vulnerability assessments. (apn-gcr.org)
  • It aims to build capacity in carrying out integrated marine assessments. (apn-gcr.org)
  • Surgical capacity assessments in low-income countries have demonstrated critical deficiencies. (msf.org)
  • Though vital for planning capacity improvements, these assessments are resource intensive and impractical during the planning phase of a humanitarian crisis. (msf.org)
  • While there is considerable evidence that donor support can enhance tax capacity, success is not guaranteed. (www.gov.uk)
  • This analysis is complemented by discussing the recent fiscal performance data and donor involvement in taxation and public financial management (PFM) in four case study countries. (unrisd.org)
  • Documents such as The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness detail the principles of country ownership to which partner and donor countries should commit, but do not identify the specific mechanisms to carry out these principles. (nih.gov)
  • Higher education has recently been recognized as a key driver for societal growth in the Global South and capacity building of African universities is now widely included in donor policies. (routledge.com)
  • At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, world leaders recognized that the transitions made by countries to a green economy could make increasing contributions to sustainable development and poverty eradication through economic diversification, employment creation, export earnings, environmental protection and social equity. (un.org)
  • Speaking at a briefing session on COVID-19 related issues for diplomatic missions and international organisations here, he said India is on track on the development and trial of vaccines and is exploring the possibility of conducting phase three trials in a few of the partner countries. (yahoo.com)
  • This week, the World Bank, together with the International Monetary Fund, the Organisation for Co-Operation and Development, and the United Nations, submitted recommendations to the G20 on how we can best work to strengthen the capacity of our client countries to build fair, efficient tax systems. (worldbank.org)
  • Indeed, tax capacity is a fundamental development issue. (worldbank.org)
  • On Tuesday 12th December 2017, organisations worldwide are marking Universal Health Coverage day, calling for countries to provide affordable, quality health care for everyone, relating to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3 (to ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages). (eldis.org)
  • This paper argues that the latter is an important issue, given that domestic resource mobilization (DRM) is being increasingly recognized as an important component of financing for development, and that some donors are beginning to pay more attention to taxation and fiscal capacity. (unrisd.org)
  • That this applies to countries at all stages of development is illustrated by the World Health Organization European Regional Office statement in 1997 that "there is little research-based evidence about the components of effective hospital management" (6). (scielosp.org)
  • Despite notable improvements in some development indicators over the past two decades - including an increase of nine years in life expectancy at birth - chronic poverty is still widespread throughout the country. (wfp.org)
  • Through the UN-Water Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6 (IMI-SDG6) , the United Nations seeks to support countries in monitoring water- and sanitation-related issues within the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and in compiling country data to report on global progress towards SDG 6. (unwater.org)
  • IMI-SDG6 also focuses on the development of communities of practice and collaboration between countries to encourage cross-country learning and the identification of good practices. (unwater.org)
  • These capacity development efforts help countries achieve their growth and development objectives and are an important contribution to countries' progress toward their Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). (imf.org)
  • Capacity development is one of the three core functions of the IMF and accounts for around a third of its spending. (imf.org)
  • Such technical assistance also helps countries make progress toward their Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). (imf.org)
  • The IMF's capacity development (CD) work is initiated at the request of member countries and is tailored to their specific needs. (imf.org)
  • We currently implement nearly 30 enterprise development programs in more than 20 countries, which provide an excellent base of data and learning. (technoserve.org)
  • The project is expected to contribute towards public sector trade unions' technical and organisational capacities for effective social dialogue for policy development on climate change mitigation and adaptation. (world-psi.org)
  • Over the past several decades, countries in the Americas have made important gains in economic and social development, as well as considerable progress in reducing vaccine preventable infectious diseases, undernutrition, access to potable water and sanitation, and improving maternal and child health outcomes. (paho.org)
  • We review 7 One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization Tool workshops conducted during 2014-2016, highlighting workshop outcomes, lessons learned, and shared themes from countries implementing this process. (cdc.gov)
  • To support this work, the Division also produces handbooks and guidelines on methodological issues, organizes regional and in-country workshops, and conducts field missions. (un.org)
  • It is therefore vital to understand the capacity of trained and active clinical researchers within a country or geographic region. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • how do capacity building projects affect African universities, researchers and students? (routledge.com)
  • The low authorship rates of LMIC authors are indicative of a dearth of local training capability and capacity for endogenous researchers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Zoonotic diseases can be prioritized even in the absence of reliable prevalence data by using alternative measures for disease burden so that outcomes are provided in a timely manner, enabling country representatives to give immediate feedback, develop action plans, and capitalize on collaborations built during the prioritization process. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the capacity to undertake such research is often limited and with little translation into practice, particularly in poorer countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Greens have lashed out at the European Commission for trying to pass an exemption from draft electricity market rules that would allow poorer countries like Poland to continue subsidising coal because their GDP is lower than the EU's average. (euractiv.com)
  • The 72% share in 2013 is in stark contrast to a decade earlier, when conventional fossil generation accounted for 80% of new capacity in the EU-27 plus Norway and Switzerland. (pv-magazine.com)
  • Norway should recognise the legal capacity of all people with disabilities, including persons with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities" - said Nils Muižnieks, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, after a visit to Norway (19-23 January 2015). (coe.int)
  • This two-day workshop, chaired by Professor Malcolm Molyneaux OBE FMedSci and Professor Rajae El Aouad, facilitated discussions around clinical research capacity in low and middle income countries (LMICs) and how it can be improved. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • Concepts around capacity building have been well developed in the for-profit business sector, but remain less well defined in the non-profit and social sectors in low and middle-income countries. (nih.gov)
  • Achieving broad coverage of health interventions and optimizing health outcomes is a major challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). (plos.org)
  • Dr Reeder outlined the concepts of identifying strategies and products that currently work but are not used effectively or scaled up in low- and middle-income countries, and conducting research that will help get public health measures widely implemented in those countries. (who.int)
  • Fifty-seven participants (members and observers) representing 34 governments attended this year's meeting in Geneva, with 59% from low- and middle-income countries. (who.int)
  • Helping countries compile, manage and disseminate macroeconomic and financial data. (imf.org)
  • 1 ]. Article 13 (Public Health Response) of the IHR(2005) obligates States Parties to develop, strengthen and maintain the capacity to respond promptly and effectively to public health risks and emergencies of international concern as soon as possible but no later than five years from the entry into force of the regulations [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Global Health Initiative funding that is currently underway is an opportunity to collect evaluative data and establish a centralized and comprehensive evidence base that could be made available to guide future country-owned capacity building efforts. (nih.gov)
  • Sadly, more than one-third of the world's poorest countries are below this threshold, as are 70 percent of countries afflicted by conflict and violence. (worldbank.org)
  • She works to further equity in this forum for the world's poorest countries, which have done the least to cause climate change but are the most vulnerable to its impacts. (iied.org)
  • This assistance helps countries strengthen public finances, modernize monetary and exchange rate policies, buttress financial systems, develop strong legal frameworks, improve governance, and enhance the compilation and dissemination of macroeconomic and financial data. (imf.org)
  • Health and longevity have increased substantially over the last 50 years, yet the labor force participation of older men has declined in most developed countries. (nber.org)
  • We use mortality as a measure of health to assess the capacity to work at older ages in 12 OECD countries. (nber.org)
  • Health and Work at Older Ages: Using Mortality to Assess the Capacity to Work Across Countries, " Journal of Population Ageing, vol 8(1-2), pages 27-50. (nber.org)
  • Cyprus, on behalf of countries of the European Union (EU), expressed its broad support of the Plan, with some minor changes to emphasize the importance of partnerships (with civil society, the private sector and the public through patient empowerment), primary health care, and the voluntary nature of the actions and measures. (who.int)
  • Health systems in LMICs are also dependent on a strong clinical research capacity to improve and sustain effective disease surveillance, health and management information systems, quality assurance activities and vital registration systems. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • We also describe the tool's ability to help countries focus One Health capacity-building efforts to appropriately prevent, detect, and respond to zoonotic disease threats. (cdc.gov)
  • Disease prioritization enables effective capacity building and resource allocation to increase surveillance, guide research, and improve preparedness and response protocols, further advancing global health security and the international health regulations ( 23 - 25 ). (cdc.gov)
  • We therefore developed an interactive malnutrition eLearning course that is accessible at scale to build capacity of the health sector workforce to manage severely malnourished children according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization. (jmir.org)
  • Health Minister Nelu Tataru stated, on Thursday, in Timisoara, that all the hospitals in the country must allot 10 pct of their intensive care capacity and 15 pct of their other beds for cases of infection with SARS-CoV-2. (nineoclock.ro)
  • In Malawi, CSOs provide nearly 45 percent of health services in the country. (msh.org)
  • This policy approach, although essential, both contrasts with and is complementary to that of research managers, who must build capacity "from the ground up" in a variety of health service settings within countries and with differing mandates, resources, and constraints. (scielosp.org)
  • The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) is a worldwide effort to strengthen countries' ability to prevent, detect, and respond to public health emergencies and infectious disease threats. (cdc.gov)
  • In high-income countries, learning health systems (LHS) are emerging to meet similar needs. (plos.org)
  • The country is on track to continue to make improvements in its health capacity and plans to "Get out of Red" for five indicators within the JEE during the first year of the NAPHS launch. (cdc.gov)
  • These geographical inequities in health research capacity distribution illuminate wider challenges in the current landscape of research attribution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Latin American Pertussis Project (LAPP), established in 2009, is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pan American Health Organization, Sabin Vaccine Institute, and the ministries of health of 6 countries in Latin America. (cdc.gov)
  • Given its economic reliance on tourism, the Government of Jamaica remains highly committed to combating trafficking, curtailing smuggling operations (many of which affect third-country nationals) and addressing issues related to the free movement of Caribbean Community (CARICOM) nationals, particularly in terms of employment and health services. (iom.int)
  • The reviews are a central component of the UNCTAD response to the call made in "The future we want" for capacity-building and of the Conference's 2012 Doha Mandate, which calls for capacity-building to promote sustainable consumption and production patterns. (un.org)
  • This human resource capacity building has helped to improve Sudan's ability to respond to the increasing needs of its cancer patients. (iaea.org)
  • Evaluating capacity-building fo. (cambridge.org)
  • However, in low-resource settings, capacity-building efforts should be initially focused on a few key diseases ( 22 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The capacity building activities are carried out through the ICMPD Competence Centres, each of which is named according to one of the thematic areas, as listed below. (ecdpm.org)
  • The Norwegian government has been a major supporter of solutions to address this gap, investing several billion dollars into projects aimed at conserving tropical forests and reducing the associated greenhouse gas emissions and funding capacity-building in countries with payments based on verified results. (blogs.com)
  • If countries reach consensus on international cooperation mechanisms such as carbon markets at climate talks in Chile later this year, then transparent, robust and reliable data and reporting will be essential for building the integrity of and confidence in these systems. (blogs.com)
  • Despite the expenditure of millions of dollars, there is no consensus on how to conduct capacity building, nor have there been rigorous evaluations of capacity building efforts. (nih.gov)
  • Country-owned capacity building is a relatively new concept that requires further theoretical exploration. (nih.gov)
  • More evidence as to how country-owned capacity building plays out in practice is needed to guide future interventions. (nih.gov)
  • 2. Which stakeholders should be involved in the training and capacity building process? (ghdonline.org)
  • In management terms, building such a capacity reflects a commitment to "quality improvement" and characterizes a "learning organization" (1). (scielosp.org)
  • For many countries, to implement these new requirements capacity-building support is vital. (org.in)
  • This new paper from the Project for Advancing Climate Transparency examines specifically how the new requirements have been enhanced, highlights the experiences of countries' related to transparency, and maps the initiatives and processes designed to support capacity building. (org.in)
  • therefore, capacity building may appear straight forward. (routledge.com)
  • The authors' own experiences with higher education capacity building and knowledge production are discussed and used to contribute to the reflexive turn and rise of auto-ethnography. (routledge.com)
  • While developed countries easily adapt their well-organized routine laboratory services, resource-limited countries need considerable capacity building as many gaps still exist. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Capacity building for climate action and ambition: what have we learned? (iied.org)
  • Increasing energy access and transitioning from dirty to clean energy requires capacity building - but current capacity building efforts need a makeover to be effective. (iied.org)
  • So far, it seams that capacity building measures just aren't delivering results. (iied.org)
  • The shift from the MDGs to the SDGs is a game-changer for water and sanitation, where countries need to move from a relatively narrow focus on providing access to improved sources of drinking water and basic sanitation, to a more comprehensive focus on sustainably managing the whole water cycle in an equitable manner. (unwater.org)
  • Although these findings emphasize the importance of pertussis as a cause of childhood deaths, the estimates are limited by lack of reliable surveillance data and diagnostic capacity ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The recent increase of reported pertussis and the varied incidence among Latin America countries highlight the need to reinforce surveillance reporting and diagnostic capacity across the region ( 5 , 7 , 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Such information can help develop policies and interventions to strengthen clinical capacities. (acmedsci.ac.uk)
  • This study evaluated the capacity of current traffic fatality reporting in the EMR to indicate the impact of future interventions. (nih.gov)
  • Design activities to address the gaps and build capacity from the starting point. (cdc.gov)
  • However, despite offering large-scale cost-effective emissions reductions, there has been limited investment and prioritisation by governments in REDD+ solutions, hindered by a lack of robust data and technical capacity, financial capabilities and often insufficient political will. (blogs.com)
  • The guidance, endorsed by more than 65 countries, provides a stronger legal basis for statistics in support of informed decisions to improve lives. (unece.org)
  • These include putting in place three-to-five pilot programs that would help selected countries develop medium-term revenue strategies and provide support for them to participate effectively in international tax policy discussions and institutions. (worldbank.org)
  • There is wide recognition that countries need to improve revenue collection, and that they must have technical and financial support to do it. (worldbank.org)
  • Launched at the UN-hosted Sustainable Energy for All in New York, the 2014 report credits support policies with a central role in driving global renewable energy capacity to a new record level last year more than 1,560 GW, up more than 8% from 2012. (pv-magazine.com)
  • Research capacities that take years to develop can be easily damaged through inadequate support, poor management, or other negative influences associated with both internal and external environments. (scielosp.org)
  • Providing support to countries in their monitoring efforts is key when moving towards sustainably managing the whole water cycle in an equitable manner. (unwater.org)
  • The overall aim of the JMP is to report globally on the status of water supply and sanitation sector, and to support countries in improving their monitoring performance to enable better planning and management at the country level. (unwater.org)
  • They may be self-incriminating if they reveal that little was done to support the capacity of beneficiaries, local staff and partners to face violence alone. (odihpn.org)
  • Clearly, humanitarian agencies support many kinds of local capacity but seldom the kind that helps locals survive and serve others alone amid violence. (odihpn.org)
  • The IMF provides technical assistance and training to help countries build effective economic institutions that can implement the right policies. (imf.org)
  • countries adapt to market conditions, the EU has three options: 1. (zanran.com)
  • We have already conducted online training sessions for nearly 90 participants from eight neighbouring countries to develop capacity in clinical trials and clinical practices. (yahoo.com)
  • The country has plans to develop offshore wind farms, though that has been met with some opposition. (worldatlas.com)
  • The HP Foundation's free online learning program is designed to help entrepreneurs develop business in their countries of origin or countries of destination. (iom.int)
  • Candidates are evaluated based on their research records and their capacity to contribute to the NBER's activities by program directors and steering committees. (nber.org)
  • However, this approach is mostly policy- driven and contrasts with (although it's complementary to) that of the research manager, who must build capacity "from the ground up" within a given context. (scielosp.org)
  • HPC is a strategic technology for scientific research, for competitiveness and for the capacity of our industry to innovate. (primeurmagazine.com)
  • That's why IIED is working to strengthen their capacity and organisation. (iied.org)
  • This 2-year prospective, longitudinal, cross-country, interrupted time-series study took place in Ghana, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Colombia between January 2015 and February 2017. (jmir.org)
  • The project principally worked with technical specialists for these countries with the ultimate goal of helping these countries to secure results based REDD+ payments. (blogs.com)
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides technical expertise to generate a realistic and actionable NAPHS for each country to mitigate infectious disease threats. (cdc.gov)
  • If that's got you dreaming of a higher-capacity future, hit the source link for more glorious technical details. (engadget.com)
  • The project targeted collaboration with participants from two Pacific atoll countries, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and Tuvalu. (apn-gcr.org)
  • To enhance the respective capacities, a concrete structure of technologically equipped people to efficiently advance their economies, quality and standard of living are drastically required. (uj.ac.za)
  • Figure 2.1 shows an estimate of the publication gravure print capacity in each of the European markets based on information provided by ERA (ERA List of Presses 2006). (zanran.com)
  • She mentioned that the level of the public preparedness for lockdown and intensive care capacity mean that treatment was necessary to prevent spread. (com.pk)
  • This broader laboratory testing capacity enables more accurate identification and faster containment of infectious disease threats. (cdc.gov)
  • Consequently, there have been efforts to enhance laboratory capacity over the past five years in many sub-Saharan countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • and the country continues to be a high-risk hotspot for infectious disease outbreaks. (cdc.gov)
  • Before further investments are made, a solid evidence base should be established concerning what works and what doesn't work to build capacity. (nih.gov)
  • New Delhi [India], November 6 (ANI): India's vaccine production and delivery capacity will be used to help the humanity in fighting the COVID-19 crisis and New Delhi will also help interested countries in enhancing their cold chain and storage capacities for the delivery of vaccines, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla said on Friday. (yahoo.com)
  • India will also help interested countries in enhancing their cold chain and storage capacities for the delivery of vaccines,' he said. (yahoo.com)
  • New Delhi [India], November 24 (ANI): Nivar cyclone is very likely to cross Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in the south-western Bay of Bengal coastal area of the country during the evening of November 25 as India Meteorological Department (IMD) informed on Tuesday that the deep depression has intensified into a cyclonic storm. (yahoo.com)
  • This makes the country vulnerable to inflation and price volatility in international markets . (wfp.org)
  • The mass expulsion of aid agencies from Sudan in March 2009 showed in a single stroke just how vital and vulnerable humanitarian capacity is. (odihpn.org)
  • There are further difficulties generalizing the evidence from efficacy trials with restrictive enrolment criteria in high-income countries (HIC) to the realities of LMIC, where diagnostic, therapeutic, and skilled human resources are limited. (plos.org)
  • We also find that there is little relationship across countries between mortality improvements and the change in employment at older ages. (nber.org)