A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Growth processes that result in an increase in CELL SIZE.
Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The systematic study of the structure and function of the complete set of glycans (the glycome) produced in a single organism and identification of all the genes that encode glycoproteins.
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A condition of BRONCHOCONSTRICTION resulting from hypersensitive reaction to inhaled dust during the initial processing of cotton, flax, or hemp in the textile industry. Symptoms include wheezing and tightness in the chest.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.
The surface of a structure upon which one stands or walks.
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The sudden, forceful, involuntary expulsion of air from the NOSE and MOUTH caused by irritation to the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Materials applied to fabrics, bedding, furniture, plastics, etc. to retard their burning; many may leach out and cause allergies or other harm.
Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. The root is a source of red dyes (madder color and 1,2,4-trihydroxy-9,10-anthracenedione) and ANTHRAQUINONES.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Fabric or other material used to cover the body.
Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.
Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.
A nuclear RNA-protein complex that plays a role in RNA processing. In the nucleoplasm, the U4-U6 snRNP along with the U5 snRNP preassemble into a single 25S particle that binds to the U1 and U2 snRNPs and the substrate to form mature SPLICEOSOMES. There is also evidence for the existence of individual U4 or U6 snRNPs in addition to their organization as a U4-U6 snRNP.
Substances found in PLANTS that have antigenic activity.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
A fibrillar collagen found primarily in interstitial CARTILAGE. Collagen type XI is heterotrimer containing alpha1(XI), alpha2(XI) and alpha3(XI) subunits.

Molecular characterization of the cotton GhTUB1 gene that is preferentially expressed in fiber. (1/154)

Each fiber of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is a single epidermal cell that rapidly elongates to 2.5 to 3.0 cm from the ovule surface within about 16 d after anthesis. A large number of genes are required for fiber differentiation and development, but so far, little is known about how these genes control and regulate the process of fiber development. To investigate gene expression patterns in fiber, a cDNA, GhTUB1, encoding beta-tubulin was isolated from a cotton fiber cDNA library. The analyses of RNA northern-blot hybridization and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that GhTUB1 transcripts preferentially accumulated at high levels in fiber, at low levels in ovules at the early stage of cotton boll development, and at very low levels in other tissues of cotton. The corresponding GhTUB1 gene including the promoter region was isolated by screening a cotton genomic DNA library. To demonstrate the specificity of the GhTUB1 promoter, the 5'-flanking region including the promoter and 5'-untranslated region was fused with the beta-glucuronidase reporter gene. The expression of the reporter chimera was examined in a large number of transgenic cotton plants. Histochemical assays demonstrated that GhTUB1::beta-glucuronidase fusion genes were expressed preferentially at high levels in fiber and primary root tip of 1- to 3-d-old seedlings and at low levels in other tissues such as ovule, pollen, seedling cotyledon, and root basal portion. The results suggested that the GhTUB1 gene may play a distinct and required role in fiber development. In addition, the GhTUB1 promoter may have great potential for cotton improvement by genetic engineering.  (+info)

A new model for the immobilization of the rat hind limb. (2/154)

An alternative device for the immobilization of the hind limb of the rat was developed to study the effects of chronic disuse on the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles, maintained for 3 weeks in the shortening and the stretching positions, respectively. The proposed device is made of steel mesh and cotton materials, and has some advantages when compared to cast or plaster cast: it is cheaper, lighter (12 g or 4% of the body weight of the rat) and the same unit can be easily adjusted and used several times in the same animal or in animals of similar size. Immobilization is also useful to restrain the movements of the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Male rats (291 +/- 35 g and aged 14 +/- 2 weeks) were used to develop and test the model. The soleus muscle of 18 rats was maintained in a shortened position for 21 consecutive days and lost 19 +/- 7% of its length (P = 0.008) and 44 +/- 6% of its weight (P = 0.002) compared to the contralateral intact muscle. No difference (P = 0.67) was found in the stretched tibialis anterior of the same hind limb when compared to the contralateral muscle. No ulcer, sore or foot swelling was observed in the animals. Immobilization was effective in producing chronic muscle disuse in the hind limbs of rats and is an acceptable alternative to the traditional methods of immobilization such as cast or plaster cast.  (+info)

A longitudinal observation of early pulmonary responses to cotton dust. (3/154)

AIMS: To examine early adverse pulmonary effects of exposure to cotton dust, and to identify potential risk factors, including atopy for pulmonary responses to cotton dust. METHODS: Spirometry, methacholine challenge testing, and questionnaire; performed among 101 non-smoking newly hired textile workers at baseline (prior to starting work), and at 3, 12, and 18 months after starting work. Concentrations of airborne cotton dust in various work areas were measured at each follow up survey using vertical elutriators. RESULTS: The incidence of non-specific respiratory symptoms was 8% at three months, then diminished afterwards. Substantial acute cross shift drops in FEV(1) at each follow up survey, and longitudinal declines in FVC and FEV(1) after 12 months of exposure were observed. Airway responsiveness to methacholine increased with follow up time, and was more pronounced among atopics. Increasing airway responsiveness was strongly correlated with cross shift drops in FEV(1). In addition, one or more respiratory symptoms at three months was significantly, and pre-existing atopy marginally significantly, associated with cross shift drops in FEV(1) after adjusting for other covariates and confounders. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that non-specific respiratory symptoms, decreasing lung function, and increasing airway responsiveness are early pulmonary responses to cotton dust. In addition, the occurrence of respiratory symptoms and increasing airway responsiveness, as well as atopy, may be important predictors for acute changes in lung function among cotton textile workers.  (+info)

Suppression of sucrose synthase gene expression represses cotton fiber cell initiation, elongation, and seed development. (4/154)

Cotton is the most important textile crop as a result of its long cellulose-enriched mature fibers. These single-celled hairs initiate at anthesis from the ovule epidermis. To date, genes proven to be critical for fiber development have not been identified. Here, we examined the role of the sucrose synthase gene (Sus) in cotton fiber and seed by transforming cotton with Sus suppression constructs. We focused our analysis on 0 to 3 days after anthesis (DAA) for early fiber development and 25 DAA, when the fiber and seed are maximal in size. Suppression of Sus activity by 70% or more in the ovule epidermis led to a fiberless phenotype. The fiber initials in those ovules were fewer and shrunken or collapsed. The level of Sus suppression correlated strongly with the degree of inhibition of fiber initiation and elongation, probably as a result of the reduction of hexoses. By 25 DAA, a portion of the seeds in the fruit showed Sus suppression only in the seed coat fibers and transfer cells but not in the endosperm and embryo. These transgenic seeds were identical to wild-type seeds except for much reduced fiber growth. However, the remaining seeds in the fruit showed Sus suppression both in the seed coat and in the endosperm and embryo. These seeds were shrunken with loss of the transfer cells and were <5% of wild-type seed weight. These results demonstrate that Sus plays a rate-limiting role in the initiation and elongation of the single-celled fibers. These analyses also show that suppression of Sus only in the maternal seed tissue represses fiber development without affecting embryo development and seed size. Additional suppression in the endosperm and embryo inhibits their own development, which blocks the formation of adjacent seed coat transfer cells and arrests seed development entirely.  (+info)

Additive effect of smoking and cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of cotton textile workers. (5/154)

One hundred and sixty-nine and 175 cotton textile workers (CTWs) were enrolled in the first (1991) and second (1996) surveys to investigate the prevalence of byssinosis. The synergistic effect of smoking on cotton dust exposure was also evaluated. Although the difference in prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function between the first (38.5%) and second study (38.9%) was not statistically significant, smokers had significantly higher frequency than nonsmokers in both surveys. A significant trend existed between the cotton dust levels and the frequency of abnormal lung function. The significant trend was also noted in both smokers and nonsmokers. The frequency of respiratory symptoms and the prevalence of severe byssinosis in the second survey (14.9% and 12.6%, respectively) were significantly lower than that in the first survey (39.7% and 21.9%, respectively). The reduction of symptoms was due to remodeling of this old cotton mill. The prevalences of respiratory symptoms and byssinosis in smokers being significantly higher than in nonsmokers only found in the first survey, but not found in the second survey. These results indicate that smoking potentiates the effect of cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and byssinosis. The second study reveals high prevalence of byssinosis still existed in Taiwanese cotton mill, although the prevalence was declining. Smoking was found to show an additive effect on cotton dust exposure. Anti-smoking campaign, occupational health program to reduce the dust exposure, and periodical medical examination are measures to prevent from byssinosis.  (+info)

Isolation and analyses of genes preferentially expressed during early cotton fiber development by subtractive PCR and cDNA array. (6/154)

Cotton fibers are differentiated epidermal cells originating from the outer integuments of the ovule. To identify genes involved in cotton fiber elongation, we performed subtractive PCR using cDNA prepared from 10 days post anthesis (d.p.a.) wild-type cotton fiber as tester and cDNA from a fuzzless-lintless (fl) mutant as driver. We recovered 280 independent cDNA fragments including most of the previously published cotton fiber-related genes. cDNA macroarrays showed that 172 genes were significantly up-regulated in elongating cotton fibers as confirmed by in situ hybridization in representative cases. Twenty-nine cDNAs, including a putative vacuolar (H+)-ATPase catalytic subunit, a kinesin-like calmodulin binding protein, several arabinogalactan proteins and key enzymes involved in long chain fatty acid biosynthesis, accumulated to greater than 50-fold in 10 d.p.a. fiber cells when compared to that in 0 d.p.a. ovules. Various upstream pathways, such as auxin signal transduction, the MAPK pathway and profilin- and expansin-induced cell wall loosening, were also activated during the fast fiber elongation period. This report constitutes the first systematic analysis of genes involved in cotton fiber development. Our results suggest that a concerted mechanism involving multiple cellular pathways is responsible for cotton fiber elongation.  (+info)

The cotton kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein associates with cortical microtubules in cotton fibers. (7/154)

Microtubules in interphase plant cells form a cortical array, which is critical for plant cell morphogenesis. Genetic studies imply that the minus end-directed microtubule motor kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) plays a role in trichome morphogenesis in Arabidopsis. However, it was not clear whether this motor interacted with interphase microtubules. In cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fibers, cortical microtubules undergo dramatic reorganization during fiber development. In this study, cDNA clones of the cotton KCBP homolog GhKCBP were isolated from a cotton fiber-specific cDNA library. During cotton fiber development from 10 to 21 DPA, the GhKCBP protein level gradually decreases. By immunofluorescence, GhKCBP was detected as puncta along cortical microtubules in fiber cells of different developmental stages. Thus our results provide evidence that GhKCBP plays a role in interphase cell growth likely by interacting with cortical microtubules. In contrast to fibers, in dividing cells of cotton, GhKCBP localized to the nucleus, the microtubule preprophase band, mitotic spindle, and the phragmoplast. Therefore KCBP likely exerts multiple roles in cell division and cell growth in flowering plants.  (+info)

Cotton Bezoar--a rare cause of intestinal obstruction: case report. (8/154)

BACKGROUND: Bezoars usually present as a mass in the stomach. The patient often has a preceding history of some psychiatric predisposition. Presentation could be in the form of trichophagy followed by trichobezoar (swallowing of hair leading to formation of bezoar), orphytobezoar (swallowing of vegetable fibres). Rapunzel syndrome is a condition where the parent bezoar is in the stomach and a tail of the fibres or hair extends in to the jejunum. Presentation as intestinal obstruction due to a bezoar in the intestine without a parent bezoar in the stomach is rare, therefore we report it here. CASE REPORT: A 35 year old lady tailor with a previous history of receiving treatment for depression on account of being infertile- years after her marriage, presented to the surgical emergency department with features of acute intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy and enterotomy revealed a cotton bezoar in the terminal ileum without a parent bezoar in the stomach. She was managed by resection of the affected segment of the ileum and end-to-end anastomosis of the bowel. In the postoperative period the patient gave a history of ingesting cotton threads whenever she was depressed. CONCLUSION: Presence of cotton bezoar is rare and an intestinal bezoar in the absence of parent bezoar in the stomach is still rarer.  (+info)

Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling has been well studied in Arabidopsis. Most reports focus on the role of JA in biological pathways, such as stress resistance, trichome initiation and anthocyanin accumulation. The JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) protein is one of the important repressors in the JA signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that JA functions in fiber initiation and elongation, but little is known about how JAZ genes function in fiber development. In this study, a cotton JAZ protein (GhJAZ2) containing a highly conserved TIFY motif and a C-terminal Jas domain was identified, and its function during cotton fiber development was analysed. Gene expression analysis showed that GhJAZ2 was preferentially expressed in the root, hypocotyl, flower and ovule 1 day before anthesis. Overexpression of GhJAZ2 inhibited both lint and fuzz fiber initiation, and reduced the fiber length. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that GhJAZ2 interacted with the R2R3-MYB transcription factors GhMYB25-like and GhGL1, the bHLH
In this study, waste cotton fabric was used as cellulose raw material and pretreated in aqueous NaOH/urea solution system to investigate the effect of NaOH/urea pretreatment solution on the hydrolysis of cotton fiber. The cotton fiber was pretreated with different conditions of aqueous NaOH/urea solution, and the pretreated cotton fiber was hydrolyzed under the same conditions as the original cotton fiber. The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of unpretreated sample. Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface, XRD results suggested that the crystallinity degree of cellulose decreased dramatically, more cellulose II appeared, and the hydrogen bond is broken. Among the different pretreatment conditions, the pretreatment effect was the best when the reaction temperature was 0°C, the solid-liquid ratio was 2:50, and the NaOH/urea ratio was 7:12. The hydrolysis
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Cotton fibre is mainly composed of cellulose, although non-cellulosic polysaccharides play key roles during fibre development and are still present in the harvested fibre. This study aimed at determining the fate of non-cellulosic polysaccharides during cotton textile processing. We analyzed non-cellulosic cotton fibre polysaccharides during different steps of cotton textile processing using GC-MS, HPLC and comprehensive microarray polymer profiling to obtain monosaccharide and polysaccharide amounts and linkage compositions. Additionally, in situ detection was used to obtain information on polysaccharide localization and accessibility. We show that pectic and hemicellulosic polysaccharide levels decrease during cotton textile processing and that some processing steps have more impact than others. Pectins and arabinose-containing polysaccharides are strongly impacted by the chemical treatments, with most being removed during bleaching and scouring. However, some forms of pectin are more ...
Drought is a major environmental stress that reduces cotton yield and fiber quality. Due to the inherent difficulties of studying fiber tissue and the lack of markers to monitor the fiber development, little is known about the molecular processes that are critical to the formation of high quality fiber and the association of these processes with drought tolerance in cotton (their performance under drought). In 2011-2012, we studied the impacts of drought on fiber development and fiber quality traits, using transgenic cotton plants harboring a cellulose synthase A1 (CesA1) genepromoter and a GUS reporter construct. CesA1 is a critical gene for fiber secondary cell wall development. This promoter-reporter system allows us to monitor molecular changes inside fiber cell during fiber development. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and other instruments were employed to examine structural changes of fiber cell during secondary cell wall synthesis. Fiber quality traits of mature fibers were ...
Citation: Bowling, A.J., Vaughn, K.C., Turley, R.B. 2010. Polysaccharide and glycoprotein distribution in the epidermis of cotton ovules during early fiber initiation and growth. Protoplasma. 248:579-590. Interpretive Summary: Cotton is our most important fiber crop but little is known of the early events associated with fiber initiation and elongation. To investigate this, scientists in the Southern Weed Science Research Unit and Crop Genetics and Production Research Unit probed initiating cotton fibers with antibodies that recognize components of the cell wall. These studies indicate that cotton fibers are differentiated from adjacent non-fiber cells with respect to pectin and protein components as early as one day post the opening of the flower. From these data, we could predict the enzyme machinery responsible for the differentiation of the fiber cells from the non-fiber cells and will use these data to determine genes of importance in fiber development. Technical Abstract: The cotton fiber ...
Additional file 6 of Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic basis of fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Amine‐catalyzed polymer encapsulation of cotton fibers by vapor phase application of formaldehyde. AU - Goswami, J. C.. AU - Brenner, W.. AU - Rugg, B.. AU - Liu, W.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1970/11. Y1 - 1970/11. N2 - A process for encapsulating cotton fibers in the form of woven clothes at ambient temperatures with polyoxymethylene is described. It involves pretreatment of the cotton with a carbon tetrachloride solution of tributylamine and diphenylamine to deposit the basic catalyst on the surface of the fibers. Subsequent exposure to dry, purified vapors of monomeric formaldehyde at 25°C results in the encapsulation of individual fibers with high molecular weight polyoxymethylene. The process is relatively fast (30% fiber weight gain in approx. 20 min) with the polymer located only at the fiber surfaces. Fiber cementation does not become pronounced for weight increases below approximately 60%-65% based upon the weight of the ...
The demand of high strength of cotton fibers has been increased dramatically with the advent of modern high speed spinning technology for producing yarn. Cotton fiber is a gigantic single cell which consists of almost pure cellulose.
(2014) Shan et al. Nature Communications. Cotton fibres are unusually long, single-celled epidermal seed trichomes and a model for plant cell growth, but little is known about the regulation of fibre cell elongation. Here we report that a homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor, ...
|div|This product is grown and processed in the USA This raw cotton has been ginned, but has not been carded. There are cotton seeds and sometimes small pieces of the cotton plant mixed in. Raw cotton is often used for stuffing or cushioning when a less e
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Preservation of the natural qualities of raw cotton during the implementation of technological operations of its processing, including long-term storage, requires studying the penetration of air through the mass of raw cotton. Because air can be a carrier of heat during drying and processing with chemicals to disinfect it from microorganisms, and during long-term storage of cotton in riots is used to reduce the temperature of the stored raw cotton. This article provides information on the study of air permeability through a layer of raw cotton
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of cotton fibers harvested at different stages of development were acquired using Universal Attenuated Total Reflectance FTIR (UATR-FTIR). The main goal of the study was to monitor cell wall changes occurring during different phases of cotton fiber development. Two cultivars of Gossypium hirsutum L. were planted in a greenhouse (Texas Marker-1 and TX55). O ...
Coked cotton fiber in a home may be from the top of an incondescent light bulb or a product of a fire where the amount of oxygen present is too low to oxidize the carbon in the fiber. In this case there were many such fibers as a result of a fire in the home. The wireing in this home was insulated with cotton/tar insulation and much of it burned in the area damaged by this fire ...
Evidence that high activity of vacuolar invertase Is required for cotton fiber and Arabidopsis root elongation through osmotic dependent and independent pathways, respectively
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A gin process control system including sensing stations for sensing the physical properties of cotton as it progresses through a gin. A moisture sensor determines, over a wide range of values, the amount of moisture in the cotton. A quality monitor determines the color of the cotton, color distribution, and the amount and type of trash or other impurities which may be entrained in the cotton. A micronaire unit determines both micronaire and cotton maturity. A fiber length tester provides information on the length distribution, breaking strength, and elongation of the cotton fibers. Cotton samples are gathered from the gin flow stream and presented to the sensing stations in a variety of manual, semi-automated, and automated fashions. In a fully automated unit, the sensing stations are connected directly to the gin. The sensing stations are also in communication with the gin process control system, which uses the data from the sensing stations to automatically control the operation of the gin.
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sharecropping evolved, in which free black farmers worked on white-owned cotton plantations in return for a share of the profits (although in reality, the system was little changed from the days of slavery). Cotton plantations required vast labour forces to hand-pick cotton fibres, and it was not until the 1950s that reliable harvesting machinery was introduced into the South (prior to this, cotton-harvesting machinery had been too clumsy to pick cotton without shredding the fibres). During the early twentieth century, employment in the cotton industry fell as machines began to replace labourers, and as the Souths rural labour force dwindled during the First and Second World Wars. Today, cotton remains a major export of the southern United States, and a majority of the worlds annual cotton crop is of the long-staple American variety.. The cotton industry relies heavily on chemicals such as fertilizers and insecticides, although a very small number of farmers are moving towards an organic model ...
Place a glass full of water at a height of 1-2 inch. Place the other empty glass at lower level. Wet the cotton or jute string. Dip one of its end in the glass with water and leave the other end in the empty glass. Leave the setup undisturbed. After a few hours, you will find that most of the water has collected into the lower glass. ...
Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, renewable and environmentally friendly raw materials that can be converted into biofuels as an efficient alternative energy source. Sugar production is one of the key steps in converting biomass to fuels and chemicals. In order to enhance the accessibility of lignocellulosic biomass to catalytic enzyme, microorganism, and other types of catalysis during bioprocessing, the pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass is needed. To depolymerize the lignocellulosic materials, a 7% NaOH/12% urea solution was used. Selection of enzyme from Novozyme was performed, as a result, NS22074, a Cellulase complex was used throughout the research. Under the same reaction conditions, the treated cotton fibers were converted to glucose in almost 65% yield (based on 90% cellulose in cotton) within 2 hours at room temperature (22ºC); while the conversion for non-treated cotton fibers were only 20%. Different composition of NaOH/urea as the de-polymerization solutions were used and
Zock et al. (1995).; It has been known for years that dietary fat and cholesterol influence blood cholesterol concentrations. Extensive research has been done not only on fats as a class, but on individual fatty acids and their effects on blood lipid levels and lipoprotein concentration. The length of the chain and the degree of unsaturation of a particular fatty acid molecule contribute to the ability of the fatty acid to promote or delay the development of atherosclerosis. Scientists now agree that total dietary fat intake itself is a poor predictor of CHD risk (Nelson 1998). Small differences in fatty acid stmctures may have huge influences on their metabolic effect (Pederson 2001). For example, myristic acid (14:0) and palmitic acid (16:0) are potent cholesterol increasing fatty acids, while stearic acid (18:0) and oleic acid (cis 18:1) have no effect on semm cholesterol, and linoleic acid (18:2) decreases semm cholesterol (Pederson 2001). Laurate, myristate, and palmitate constitute the ...
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Increased mechanical stability: With new products, such as Synthec and Diamone Composite, banknote manufacturers have gone a step further and responded to the growing demand for higher mechanical stability of the paper-because the longer a banknote stays in circulation, the limper it becomes and the more easily it tears. Synthec substrate, for example, consists of 80 percent cotton fiber and 20 percent synthetic fiber, with the latter being longer and more flexible than the former. The synthetic fibers constitute a dense network within the cotton fiber structure, supporting the banknote like a kind of corset and increasing its mechanical stability. This practically doubles the useful life of the product. Synthec is much less sensitive to climate fluctuations than standard banknote paper. The synthetic fibers are incorporated in the banknote substrate at the sheet formation stage. This has the advantage that all established security features-such as three dimensional watermarks, fluorescent ...
The orthopaedic padding is manufactured from white, odourless woven cotton fibres or from a mixture of woven cotton fibres and thin non-woven polyethylene fibres. It is soft, light and provided with excellent ventilation features which guarantee maximum comfort during use and excellent padding of the cast in order to prevent the skin from itching and infection.. ...
Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for thousands of years. During the Industrial Revolution Eli Whitney patented the first waster-powered cotton gin. This revolutionary new machine allowed daily output to increase by over 5,ooo%. Wash and wear finish for a cotton fabric is necessary to make it crease-free or wrinkle-free. In a similar way, mercerising, singeing, flame retardant, water repellent, waterproof, and anti-static finishing achieve various fabric properties desired by consumers. Finished Product Cotton fabrics consist mainly of terry cloth (towels and robes), denim (jeans), cambric (work uniforms), corduroy, seersucker, and cotton twill (commonly used in the place of denim). Non-textile items include fishing nets, coffee filters, paper, and bookbinding. Caring for your cotton is important, yet simple. Machine-wash and dry apparel; steam- or dry-clean - with caution - furnishings. In todays world, we use cotton more the any other fiber. ...
Padmalatha, K.V., Dhandapani, G., Kanakachari, M., Kumar, S., Dass, A., Patil, D.P., Rajamani, V., Kumar, K., Pathak, R., Rawat, B., Leelavathi, S., Reddy, P.S., Jain, N., Powar, K.N., Hiremath, V., Katageri, I.S., Reddy, M.K., Solanke, A.U., Reddy, V.S., Kumar, P.A. 2012. Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of cotton under drought stress reveal significant down-regulation of genes and pathways involved in fibre elongation and up-regulation of defense responsive genes. Plant Mol. Biol. 78:223-246.. Kumar P.A. , Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of cotton under drought stress reveal significant down-regulation of genes and pathways involved in fibre elongation and up-regulation of defense responsive genes (2012 ) 78 Plant Mol. Biol. : 223 -246.. ...
Natural fiber composites are known to have lower mechanical properties than glass or carbon fiber reinforced composites. The hybrid natural fiber composites prepared in this study have relatively good mechanical properties. Different combinations of woven and non-woven flax fibers were used. The stacking sequence of the fibers was in different orientations, such as 0°, +45°, and 90°. The composites manufactured had good mechanical properties. A tensile strength of about 119 MPa and Youngs modulus of about 14 GPa was achieved, with flexural strength and modulus of about 201 MPa and 24 GPa, respectively. For the purposes of comparison, composites were made with a combination of woven fabrics and glass fibers. One ply of a glass fiber mat was sandwiched in the mid-plane and this increased the tensile strength considerably to 168 MPa. Dynamic mechanical analysis was performed in order to determine the storage and loss modulus and the glass transition temperature of the composites. ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures Foreign Agricultural Service today issued updated instructions to U.S. exporters who may apply for coverage on sales of U.S. cotton and products to be exported under the Commodity Credit Corporations (CCC) Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-102), Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-103) and the Supplier Credit Guarantee Program (SCGP).. Under CCCs Program Announcements reflecting country allocations for coverage on sales of U.S. cotton and products, such coverage is available on sales in any of the following forms: Upland or Pima cotton, bleached cotton, cotton motes, cotton linters, cotton linter pulp, or cotton sliver -- except where CCC may specifically announce exclusion of one or more of these forms.. This Notice is effective as of todays date and reflects CCCs interest in continuing to promote U.S. agricultural exports, changes in USDAs cotton classification procedures, and experience gained in performing price reviews required in ...
Clause 1, describes the global Fire Resistant Cotton market introduction, market overview, product image, market opportunities, market summary, market risk, development scope, global Fire Resistant Cotton market presence;. Clause 2 and 3 studies the key Fire Resistant Cotton market competitors, their sales volume, market profits and price of Fire Resistant Cotton in 2016 and 2017;. Clause 4,5 and 6, introduces the global Fire Resistant Cotton market by regions, with sales, market revenue, and share of Fire Resistant Cotton market for each region from 2017 to 2022;. Clause 7, conducts the region-wise study of the global Fire Resistant Cotton market based on the sales ratio in each region and market share from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 8 displays the market by type and application, with sales global Fire Resistant Cotton market share and growth rate by application, type, from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 9 and 10 describes the global Fire Resistant Cotton market prediction, by regions, application, and type ...
Cotton Standards and Classification Regulatory Authorities. United States Cotton Futures Act (7 U.S.C. 15b) requires that cotton tendered under a U.S.-listed cotton futures contracts be graded by the USDA. The Act authorizes USDA to establish physical standards by which the quality and, therefore, value of cotton offered as tender can be determined. Furthermore, the Act authorizes USDA to establish bona fide spot markets and to collect and publish market price information for these bona fide spot markets.. United States Cotton Standards Act (7 U.S.C. 51-65) and United States Cotton Statistics and Estimates Act (7 U.S.C. 471-476) authorize USDA to develop cotton grade standards and offer cotton classification services. Furthermore, USDA is authorized to publish quality information provided by these services, allowing for price differences between markets to be eliminated, providing a means of settling disputes and making producers more cognizant of the value of their product. These provisions ...
The fashion industry is responsible for 10% of annual global carbon emissions. That means it is a productive target for personal changes that can make a significant contribution to lowering overall human carbon emissions.. You can use thredUPs fashion footprint calculator to estimate your personal fashion footprint. When you must buy new clothes, you can look for sustainable clothing brands. But these can be expensive and tend to have limited options. Since fabric production accounts for roughly 59% of a garments climate impact, paying attention to which fabrics you buy could help you minimize the impact of your wardrobe refresh.. In general, natural fibers tend to use less energy than synthetics, which indicates a lower climate impact. But natural fibers are often more damaging in terms of immediate environmental impacts such as land use, water consumption, and ecotoxicity from chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and dyes. ...
Over the past decade, the concept of utilizing green materials has become more mainstream. With considerable awareness of preserving the environment, sincere efforts across the globe can be cited in looking for bio-degradable and bio-based sources. Applications of bio-based materials from renewable and bio-degradable sources for preparation of higher valued green chemicals and bio-based products have forced many scientists to investigate the potential use of natural fibers as reinforcement materials for green bio-composites. Cellulosic fibers are becoming very interesting for bio-based material development as they possess advantages with their mechanical properties, low density, environmental benefits, renewability, and economic feasibility. Recently, natural-fiber polymer composites have received much attention for different industrial applications because of their low density and renewability. The bio-composites with natural fiber components are derivatives of depleting resources and can be considered
Sew with a spectrum of colors! Kona Cotton fabric by Robert Kaufman has a wide range of solids available with 366 colors in their collection. Kona Cotton features a thicker weave thats perfect for patchwork and even garment sewing, adding needed structure to your projects while being a delight to stitch up. You can se
100% Combed cotton - Unisex - Big in size Combed cotton is a softer version of regular cotton that are made by treating the cotton fibers before they are spun into yarn. Textiles made by combed cotton requires more work then regular cotton which results in a higher quality and thougher fabric. All VAGPWR clothes are ha
Environmental charity Fidra established the Cotton Bud Project to stop single use plastic cotton bud stems reaching our seas and beaches
Cotton buds over a pink background. hygienic supplies. - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. No membership needed.
It has been estimated that hemp could be used to produce 25-50,000 products. SHOW PRODUCTS CHART. Here are a few: Textiles: Hemp fiber is one of the strongest natural fibers on earth. These fibers can be used to make a wide range of textile products, from fine linens to coarse canvas. In fact, the word canvas is derived from cannabis. In addition, hemp fiber is a perfect raw material for making rope, twine and other types of cordage. According to Pulp and Paper magazine, cotton is grown on approximately 3% of the worlds agricultural land, but accounts for 11-15% of agricultural chemical use. In the US, it accounts for 25-50% of chemical use. Hemp fibers are longer, stronger, more absorbent and more mildew-resistant than cotton fibers. A lightweight, more uniform hemp yarn is currently being developed, which would allow production of hemp T-shirts. At the same time, research is being conducted in Europe on hemp cottonization, an organic process that converts hemp fibers so they can be used in ...
Cotton sheeting made of cotton fibers bonded with exclusive Glazene finish 30 x 36 sheets for a leg wrap with high absorbency for use during treatment or shipping
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This specification covers one type of cotton fabric impregnated with a phenolic resin and supplied in the form of tubing. This tubing has been used typically for electrical insulation at low voltages and for protection from galvanic corrosion, but usage is not limited to such applications. This tubing has good machining qualities and good moisture resistance.. ...
MATRIX BIOLOGY EUROPE 2016; Athens, 2016-06-11-2016-06-14. Rønning, Sissel Beate; Carlson, Cathrine Rein; Høst, Vibeke; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Liland, Kristian Hovde; Stang, Espen; Kolset, Svein Olav; Christensen, Geir Arve; Pedersen, Mona Elisabeth. ...
... and fiber crops like cotton. Verticillium dahliae Kleb. Verticillium albo-atrum Verticillium alfalfae Verticillium isaacii Can ...
... seed shattering and cotton fiber qualities. PGML has led in the sequencing of the sorghum genome and the cotton genome. "Genome ... Research focuses on the study of major crop species such as sorghum and cotton, as well as other species such as Bermuda Grass ...
... stronger cotton fiber". ScienceDaily.. ... impact on the global cotton industry and help cotton farmers ... The country is more or less self-sufficient in oil and natural gas and is a major exporter of cotton. Against a background of ... by the International Cotton Advisory Committee for a 'gene knockout technology'' he had developed with biologists from the ...
Yafa, Stephen (2006). Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fiber. Raheel, Mastura (1994). Protective Clothing Systems and ... Certain materials used in the manufacture of clothing, such as cotton, linen, and wool, contain numerous, very short fibers ... Cloth fibers are scraped by body hair via friction, which ratchets the fibers in the direction of hair growth. One hypothesis ... Other small fibers or particles also accumulate with these clothing fibers, including human and animal hair and skin cells, ...
Cotton is China's most important fiber crop. The crop is grown on the North China Plain and in the middle and lower reaches of ... Excellent cotton growing land in Shandong that had grown grain during the Cultural Revolution returned to growing cotton. Areas ... For example, in 1985 cotton farmers were told via state plans how much area to plant in cotton, whereas farmers received no ... In the 1980s raw cotton imports ceased, and China became a major exporter of cotton. Significant quantities of jute and hemp ...
Yafa, Stephen (2006). Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fiber. Penguin. p. 75. ISBN 9780143037224. Dungan, Nicholas ( ...
In addition, Chiwara can be either male or female Poro mask; 19th-mid-20th century; wood, horns, raffia fiber, cotton cloth, ...
August 2005). "Brassinosteroid regulates fiber development on cultured cotton ovules". Plant Cell Physiol. 46 (8): 1384-91. doi ...
... cotton or other natural fiber rope, then connected by chains or rope; also made of kevlar, cotton or natural fiber. The natural ... fiber, Technora or kevlar rope is necessary as synthetic ropes will melt rapidly, and the natural fiber ropes will also need to ...
Cotton fiber grows attached to cotton plant seeds. Other seed fibers are from kapok and milkweed. Many important nonfood oils ... Other seeds that contain poisons include annona, cotton, custard apple, datura, uncooked durian, golden chain, horse-chestnut, ... In the latter example these hairs are the source of the textile crop cotton. Other seed appendages include the raphe (a ridge ...
Both vessels were constructed in their entirety from only four Andean materials; totora reeds, natural fiber rope, cotton sails ... Two cotton lateen sails were hand-sewed for the first journey and five sails were used for the second. The problem of how ... The ship was rigged with natural fiber sisal rope, the same rope that holds the reed bundles together. Two center boards were ...
The three different fiber types included wool, cotton, and polyester. Levels of THS were measured using a self-designed surface ... Also, the study concluded that even though doing laundry and washing these fibers with detergent was an effective way to get ... "Detection of third-hand smoke on clothing fibers with a surface acoustic wave gas sensor". Biomicrofluidics. 10 (1): 011907. ... rid of some of the smoke, there was still about an average of 300 Hz of THS residue left on all the fibers. A 2010 study ...
Surxondaryo is the country's largest supplier of long-fiber cotton. Livestock accounts for 40% of regional agricultural product ... Light industry, mainly cotton ginning and food processing, is also an important part of the regional economy, particularly in ... Agriculture is based primarily on cotton and cereals, supplemented with horticulture and viticulture. ...
A quipu usually consisted of cotton or camelid fiber strings. The Inca people used them for collecting data and keeping records ... Piles of raw cotton - uncombed and containing seeds, though turned a dirty brown by the ages - and a ball of cotton thread" ... The fibers can be abraded by rubbing against each other or, for those attached to sticks or rods, by their own weight if held ... A combination of color, fiber and ply direction leads to a total of 95 combinations in these quipus, which is within the range ...
This is gill net made up of synthetic fibers. Initially the cotton fibers were in use. The length, width and mesh size is ... To these sticks, nylon mesh is tightly attached (initially instead of nylon threads fiber from the boyal tree were in use). ... originally made of fiber from the boyal tree were in use). This is a passive method of fishing. Virtually this trap operate on ...
The warp threads were of cotton fibers; the weft consisted of twisted paper.. ... Sufu was a wartime material used briefly in Japan during World War II when cotton and other woven materials were scarce. It was ... an inexpensive, ersatz cloth made of wood fibers, basically cellulose, that disintegrated after three or four washings and was ...
"Global fiber production reaches all-time high, preferred cotton share rises". www.themds.com. Retrieved 2019-11-30. "Council ... The Global Fashion Business Journal reported that in 2018, the global fiber production has reached the highest all-time, 107 ... Advances in technologies have offered new methods of using dyes, producing fibers, and reducing the use of natural resources. ... To decrease the consumption of traditional textiles, Anke Domaske has produced "QMilch," an eco-milk fiber; Virus has produced ...
The quipus were made of colourful threads or cotton/fiber strings. The pieces in the Riscos series are mostly rectangular forms ... Fiber is like an old pencil: one has used it for so long that you take it for granted. I am made of fiber because I have ... Each piece within its unique composition studies textural and chromatic shifts on the woven surfaces (each cotton fiber is ... Porter, Jenelle (2014). "About 10 Years: From the New Tapestry to Fiber Art". In Porter, Jenelle (ed.). Fiber: Sculpture 1960- ...
He improved shoulder and thigh pads; and was the first to utilize adjustable fiber, rather than cotton. He also had his own ...
"Digestibility of cotton lint fiber and whole oilseeds by ruminal microorganisms". Animal Feed Science and Technology. 56 (3-4 ...
... it produces also a great quantity of cotton and abacá fiber. "The villages are very close together, and the people are peaceful ...
El Salvador's main exports to Mexico include: harnesses for automobiles; cotton; synthetic fibers; covers, bags and bags; ...
Types include: Biotic materials Wood (rattan, bamboo, bark, etc.) Natural fiber (silk, wool, cotton, flax, hemp, jute, kapok, ...
Cotton and silk are typical fiber choices, often in lawn or voile. Smocking is worked on a crewel embroidery needle in cotton ...
"Synthesis and characterization of mechanical properties in cotton fiber-reinforced geopolymer composites. Journal of Asian ... The inherent properties and the incorporation of wood fiber and particles in this composite, has made it possible to produce ... These products are composed of geopolymer binder, wood fibers/ wood particles. Depending on the wood and geopolymer ratio in ...
Also there are many "malacates" some decorated; their presence demonstrates the extended practice of vegetal fiber weave, ... mainly cotton. Special note is made of figurines found in this area. Their general feature is solid brown color pieces of ...
Natural fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Specific crops are cultivated in distinct growing regions throughout ... Cotton was cultivated by the 5th-4th millennium BC. Archeological evidence indicates an animal-drawn plough from 2,500 BC in ... Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 3,600 BC. Animals including llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs were domesticated there. In ... Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5,600 years ago, and was independently domesticated in Eurasia. In Mesoamerica, wild ...
Tensile strength Composition: bleached versus unbleached cotton; cotton versus synthetic fibers versus a blend of both. Rigid ...
Wool remained the less profitable fiber until the cotton famine of the 1860. This and improvements in wool cleaning techniques ... Wool fibers would be spread into smooth open layers, cut into slices and cleared of large pieces of vegetative matter. It would ... The second mill, the Winooski Mill, a cotton mill, was built in 1846 by the Winooski Mill Company on the Burlington side of the ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Fibre & Fabric: A Record of American Textile Industries in the Cotton and Woolen Trade ...
Effect of spacing on some agronomic and fiber characteristics of irrigated cotton. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. ... Peebles and Kearney also collaborated on cotton breeding, and their contributions to the science of cotton growing have been ... He is known for his contributions to the flora of the American Southwest and work on breeding cotton. His 1951 book Arizona ... Pure-seed production of Egyptian-type cotton. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Peebles, Robert H., G. T. Den Hartog ...
Stimulation of nociceptive fibers in a pattern consistent with that from inflammation switches on a form of amplification in ... Simple bedside tests include response (pain intensity and character) to cotton swab, finger pressure, pinprick, cold and warm ... Dynamic mechanical allodynia can be assessed using a cotton swab or a brush. A pressure algometer and standardized ...
Green Fiber, Use of Vapor Retarders, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 30, 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2008.. ... cotton, straw, sawdust, hemp and corncob. Monticello was insulated with a form of cellulose. Modern cellulose insulation, made ... Fire Resistance Tests on Cellulose and Glass Fiber Insulated Wood Stud Shear Walls, Kodur, V.K.R.; Sultan, M.A.; Latour, J.C.; ... Cellulose insulation is plant fiber used in wall and roof cavities to insulate, draught proof and reduce free noise. ...
... traditionally of silk but now also of cotton or synthetic fiber, with a rippled or "watered" appearance. Moire, or "watered ... The lines could represent fibers in moiré silk, or lines drawn on paper or on a computer screen. The nonlinear interaction of ...
The Southern Pacific and Cotton Belt were the only buyers of the EMD SD45T-2 "Tunnel Motor" locomotive. This locomotive was ... In the 1970s, it also founded a telecommunications network with a state-of-the-art microwave and fiber optic backbone. This ... In 1929, Southern Pacific/Texas and New Orleans operated 13,848 route-miles not including Cotton Belt, whose purchase of the ... Louis Southwestern Railway (Cotton Belt), El Paso and Southwestern Railroad, the Northwestern Pacific Railroad at 328 miles ( ...
Carbon fiber is replacing steel in some cost insensitive applications such as aircraft, sports equipment and high end ...
... at the corner of Cotton Mill Hill. ... Network Map & Fiber Route Miles, Consolidated Communications. ...
... since cotton is usually cheaper and wounds closed with either cotton or synthetic threads are less prone to infection.[8] ... "Cotton vs Catgut". Time. Retrieved 2013-10-11.. *^ Start, N J; Armstrong, A M; Robson, W J (1989). "The use of chromic catgut ...
Hewitt and Howald were the first to come up with a way to lay the fibers into the shape of a fishing rod by wrapping them ... A second part to the book was added by Walton's friend Charles Cotton.[1] ... EVA foam and carbon fiber grips are also used. Reel seats are often of graphite-reinforced plastic, aluminium, or wood. Guides ...
Women typically wear the dirac, which is a long, light, diaphanous voile dress made of cotton or polyester that is worn over a ... A fiber-optic cable is installed in the capital, whereas rural areas are connected via wireless local loop radio systems. ... Many nomadic people wear a loosely wrapped white cotton robe called a tobe that goes down to about the knee, with the end ...
Rigid foam is more expensive than fiber, but generally has a higher R-value per unit of thickness. Foam-in-place insulation can ... In practice, this linear relationship does not always hold for compressible materials such as glass wool and cotton batting ... Rolls and batts are typically flexible insulators that come in fibers, like fiberglass. Loose-fill insulation comes in loose ... fibers or pellets and should be blown into a space. ... Cotton batts (Blue Jean insulation)[52][53] 0.65. R-3.7. 26 ...
J. Q. Hu, Y. Bando, J. H. Zhan, X. L. Yuan, T. Sekiguchi, C. Z. Li and D. Golberg : «Silica Fibers with Triangular Cross ... Cable-type supercapacitors of three-dimensional cotton thread based multi-grade nanostructures for wearable energy storage» Adv ... L. Yin, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, A. Gloter, M. Li, X. Yuan and T. Sekiguchi : «Porous BCN Nanotubular Fibers: Growth and Spatially ... C. TANG, G. Dmitri, Y. Bando : «Synthesis and field emission of carbon nanotubular fibers doped with high nitrogen ...
... black cotton soil), which are tolerant to drought or soil-moisture stress conditions. Usually, the plantation is raised and in ...
Food and Nutrition Board (2002/2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol ... Most vegetables are low- or moderate-carbohydrate foods (in some low-carbohydrate diets, fiber is excluded because it is not a ... and that high-fiber slow-digesting carbohydrate-rich foods are healthful while highly-refined and sugary foods are less so.[10] ... diets relatively higher in fiber and whole grains lead to reduced risk of death from cardiovascular disease compared to diets ...
Nylon's original name was fiber-66.[4]. Stockings became so important to a woman's image that, during World War II, when ... Both athletes will use moisture wicking materials such as nylon and spandex to keep them lightweight, while cotton would retain ... American History holds the experimental stockings that were created in 1937 to test the viability of the first man-made fiber ...
Vegetable fibers are generally based on arrangements of cellulose, often with lignin: examples include cotton, hemp, jute, flax ... Natural fibers. Main article: Natural fiber. Natural fibers develop or occur in the fiber shape, and include those produced by ... Newer fiber designs include extruding fiber that splits into multiple finer fibers. Most synthetic fibers are round in cross- ... Most semi-synthetic fibers are cellulose regenerated fibers. Cellulose regenerated fibers. Cellulose fibers are a subset of man ...
... or cotton fiber, velvets, brocade and reeds and grass. Similar to the European examples, mules in India were embroidered and ...
Downtown is home to a new headquarters for Oxford Networks, along with a $20 million upgrade in local fiber-optics, a new auto ... However, the concentration of wealth in Benjamin Bates sparked the 1861 Lewiston cotton riots which prompted him to give ... and buildings on their own lands and also manufacturing cotton, wool, iron, steel, and paper in the towns of Lewiston, Minot, ... The town's reationship with Bates was strained with the 1861 Lewistown cotton riots, but gradually improved over time during ...
Silk, cotton and gilt-metal-strip-wrapped cotton panel, machine-woven in Scotland c. 1887. Tulip motif is inspired by Turkish ... Due to innovations on spinning cotton, cotton became much cheaper to manufacture and therefore caused more expensive silk ... In a short time, new fabrics began to appear; hemp and cotton each also had their own particular techniques of manufacture. ... led by the cotton industry of Great Britain. In its early years, there were often disparities in technological innovation ...
Low-fiber/low-residue diet. *Monotrophic diet. *NPO. *Renal diet. *Soft diet ...
Similar to hypertensive retinopathy, evidence of nerve fiber infarcts due to ischemia (cotton-wool spots) can be seen on ... The eyes may show bleeding in the retina, an exudate, cotton-wool spots, scattered splinter hemorrhages, or swelling of the ...
Other items are produced with cotton fibers, although some maguey fibers can be found, while palm fronds are used to produce ... Textiles from cotton and other fibers date to early in the pre-Hispanic period on backstrap looms. This form of weaving has ...
Low-fiber/low-residue diet. *Monotrophic diet. *NPO. *Renal diet. *Soft diet ...
It reacts with ammonia to make a dark blue solution.[8] This solution can dissolve fibers in cotton. ...
Tatjana Topalović (2007). Catalytic Bleaching Of Cotton: Molecular and Macroscopic Aspects p 16. Thesis, University of Twente, ... so they can weaken or damage natural materials like fibers, cloth, and leather, and intentionally applied dyes such as the ... Aspin, Chris (1981). The Cotton Industry. Shire Publications. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-85263-545-2. .. ... which is used in bleaching wood pulp, cotton, wool, leather and clay.[23] ...
... and some kind of fiber cloth (fiberglass, kevlar, dynel, carbon fiber, etc.). These methods can give strength-to-weight ratios ... Carvel planks are generally caulked with oakum or cotton that is driven into the seams between the planks and covered with some ... GRP and ferrocement hulls are classic composite hulls, the term "composite" applies also to plastics reinforced with fibers ...
Makeshift oil lamps can easily be made by soaking a ball of cotton in olive oil and forming it into a peak. The peak is lit and ... After grinding, the olive paste is spread on fiber disks, which are stacked on top of each other in a column, then placed into ... then burns until all the oil is consumed, whereupon the rest of the cotton burns out. Olive oil is a usual offering to churches ...
A blind may be constructed out of plywood, lumber, large logs or branches, burlap fiber, plastic or cotton camouflage, or ...
... but they are commonly blended with other fibers, such as flax, cotton or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to ... machines that separated the fibers from the hemp stem - could not make hemp fiber a cheaper substitute for fibers from other ... FiberEdit. Hemp fiber has been used extensively throughout history, with production climaxing soon after being introduced to ... Hemp grown for fiber is planted closely, resulting in tall, slender plants with long fibers. ...
However, a document dating from 1777 describes the excavation of a precolumbian burial in which textiles of wild silk, cotton, ... He alleges that the inhabitants of Mexico used the fiber spun by a wild silkworm to create a fabric.[71] The spinning of wild ...
Hygroscopic substances include cellulose fibers (such as cotton and paper), sugar, caramel, honey, glycerol, ethanol, wood, ...
Find best value and selection for your Natural Fiber Sisal Rug Tan Cotton Binding search on eBay. World's leading ...
... in cotton farms may have contributed to the fall in cotton quality ... fibre of the cotton, required by cotton mills for Memphis eastern and. Texas cotton has become too coarse and variable.. ... Gene-Altered Cotton Producing Sub-Standard Fibers. Web Note: We have previously seen reporting of poor genetically modified. ... International Cotton Advisory Council (ICAC) has estimated this would. rise to 50 per cent in five to seven years.. GM cotton ...
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants. The fiber ... Transcript of Cotton: Fiber Report. Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for ... Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds Cotton is a natural, cellulosic staple fiber. Staple fibers ... In todays world, we use cotton more the any other fiber. It has many uses and little is wasted. Cotton plays a key role in the ...
A key textile fiber for over 5000 years, this complex carbohydrate is also one of the leading crops to benefit from… ... Annual cotton production exceeds 25 million metric tons and accounts for more than 40 percent of the textile fiber consumed ... Tracing the conversion of cotton fibers from raw materials into marketable products, Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology ... GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF COTTON BIOSYNTHESIS OF COTTON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COTTON SOLVENTS FOR COTTON STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES ...
Every chemist knows that cotton is chiefly composed of cellulose, CHO, with some other substances in smaller quantities. This, ... The Chemistry Of The Cotton Fiber. By Dr. BOWMAN.. Every chemist knows that cotton is chiefly composed of cellulose, CHO, with ... Oxycellulose is another body present in the cotton fiber. It is a triple cellulose, in which four atoms of hydrogen are ... of hydrogen, in American cotton 6.3 per cent., and in Egyptian cotton 7.2 per cent. The fact is that along with cellulose in ...
... trait from hexaploid to tetraploid cultivars and the fiber properties of the hexaploid cotton were studied. The purpose of the ... CB hexaploid cotton was developed by crossing Gossypium-hirsutum with Gossypium-armourianum. Three CB plants were isolated, two ... work was the ultimate development of a commercial cotton which would drop its bracts before the bolls opened. ... NIOSH-Grant; Biological-material; Cotton-fibers; Genetic-factors; Mechanical-tests; Tensile-strength ...
Glycoproteome of Cotton Fibers. Cotton fiber glycoproteins were enriched using Con A LAC and were identified using four ... A, Percentage distribution of the protein families in the cotton fiber glycoproteome. B, SDS-PAGE profile of cotton fiber ... 2001) Ovule fiber cell numbers in modern upland cottons. J. Cotton Sci. 5, 81-83. ... 1 and 2 dpa cotton ovules with fiber initials followed by photographic images of 5, 10, 15 and 20 dpa cotton ovules along with ...
Assessing cotton fiber quality from a tiny sample. At a time when there is an uptick in U.S. cotton exports, its not ... Nanotech transforms cotton fibers into modern marvel. Juan Hinestroza and his students live in a cotton-soft nano world, where ... This cotton candy machine has a higher calling than satisfying a sweet tooth. Its whipping up polymer fibers that may one day ... Wiping out bacteria with nanoparticle-cotton fibers. Silver has been used as an antimicrobial agent for more than 100 years. ...
Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits. Sukumar Saha, Johnie N. Jenkins, ... Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits. Sukumar Saha, Johnie N. Jenkins, ... Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits. Sukumar Saha, Johnie N. Jenkins, ... Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits ...
Native PAGE of Cotton Fiber Membrane Proteins.. Fibers from five 24-DPA locules (24 DPA) were extracted in 5 ml of ice-cold ... For cotton fibers at least, the H2O2 production that occurs during the onset of secondary wall formation (28) could create ... Our recent finding (I.K. and D.D., unpublished work) that GhCesA1 has a half-life in vivo in cotton fibers of less than 1 hr ... Elevation in H2O2 levels such as that occurring in vivo in cotton fibers (28) might be one means by which dimerization to ...
This work is focused on the hydrolysis of cotton fibers from waste textiles to obtain micro and nanofibers to be used as ... Poly(lactic acid) Cellulose Cotton fibers Composites Hydrolyzed fibers This is a preview of subscription content, log in to ... hydrolyzed cotton fibers were surface modified with various silane compounds. Thus, these fibers were mixed with commercial ... This work is focused on the hydrolysis of cotton fibers from waste textiles to obtain micro and nanofibers to be used as ...
Also provided is novel cotton having a cotton fiber which has a natural color introduced by the expression in the cotton fiber ... Cotton fiber cells having color produced by genetic engineering and cotton cells comprising melanin and indigo pigments are ... comprise a cotton fiber transcriptional initiation regulatory region associated with a gene which is expressed in cotton fiber ... a plant host to provide for modification of transcription of a DNA sequence of interest during various stages of cotton fiber ...
... July 4, 2017 Cross-section of a cotton fiber with silver nanoparticles ( ... "Our new process grows and traps the silver nanoparticles inside cotton fibers," Nam says. "They release their silver ions very ... Explore further: New treatments could reduce odors in cotton fabric More information: Sunghyun Nam et al. Silver-cotton ... The new technology also strengthened the cotton fibers.. This technology has many possible applications. For example, fabrics ...
Select 2018 high quality Fiber Dyed Cotton Yarn products in best price from certified Chinese Fabric Of Cotton manufacturers, ... Cotton Printed Fabric suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com ... Cotton Fabric For Garment Cotton Spandex Fabric Fiber To The Home Cotton Twill Fabric Ring Spun Yarn Cotton Beach Towel Cotton ... Cotton Yarn Dyed Fabric For Shirt Cotton Yarn Dyed Check Linen Cotton Yarn Dyed Fabric Cotton Yarn Dyed Stripe Cotton Yarn Dyed ...
Announcement of Import Restraint Limits for Certain Cotton, Man- Made Fiber, Silk Blend and Other Vegetable Fiber Textiles and ... Fine Denier Polyester Staple Fiber From the Peoples Republic of China and India by the International Trade Administration on ...
Adjustment of Import Limits for Certain Cotton, Man-Made Fiber, Silk Blend and Other Vegetable Fiber Textile Products Produced ...
Adjustment of Import Limits for Certain Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Textile Products Produced or Manufactured in Oman. A Notice ... Fine Denier Polyester Staple Fiber From the Peoples Republic of China and India by the International Trade Administration on ...
Thus, imaging of cotton bundles with an infrared detector array has potential for use in cotton fiber examinations. ... Imaging studies were quick, relied on small amounts of sample and provided a distribution of the cotton fiber cell wall ... This technique reduced spectral noise and was employed to visualize cell wall development in cotton fibers bundles. Fourier ... of an infrared instrument equipped with a reflection accessory and an array detector system for the examination of cotton fiber ...
However, the abundance of TUCP transcripts and their roles in Ligon-linless-1 ( Li-1) cotton... ... To examine the function of TUCP in cotton fiber development, it is important to identify TUCPs and their involvement in fiber ... Kohel RJ, Narbuth EV, Benedict CR (1992) Fiber development of Ligon lintless-2 mutant of cotton. Crop Sci 32:733-735 STCrossRef ... Wakelyn PJ, Bertoniere NR, French AD et al (2006) Cotton fiber chemistry and technology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, p 176CrossRef ...
Blue Sky Fibers Organic Cotton Yarn - 633 - Pickle is available now at Jimmy Beans Wool with Free U.S. Flat Rate shipping for ... Blue Sky Fibers Organic Cotton Yarn - 633 - Pickle - Reviews. ... Primary Fiber: Cotton Specific Fiber: 100% Organic Cotton US ... If the only cotton youve worked with to date are those small, round balls of utility cotton so many us started out knitting ... Incredibly soft cotton in a worsted weight. The candy shop of color tempts with an array of sweet treats ranging from rich and ...
... three different types of cotton fibers were studied. These cottons were chosen from a list of 12 cottons covering a large panel ... Classifications per length classes and linear densities were done in order to have more precision and knowledge of cotton fiber ... ones by studying their relative behavior and the relationship between single and bundle cotton fibers (respectively, ... Quality of bundle fibers will be a good tool in predicting spinning performances and thus yarn quality. ...
PEL for cotton dust when exposure is from cotton fibers used in the manufacture of absorbent glass tubes. ... who handle unwashed cotton fibers in the manufacture of absorbent glass tubes?. Response: Exposure to raw cotton dust is ... Next, the conditioned cotton fibers are pneumatically blown into long glass tubes.. Question: What is the permissible exposure ... Scenario: Your client manufactures absorbent glass tubes that are filled with cotton fibers. This manufacturer receives raw, ...
06 Standard Test Method for Maturity of Cotton Fibers (Sodium Hydroxide Swelling and Polarized Light Procedures) , cotton, ... Standard Test Method for Maturity of Cotton Fibers (Sodium Hydroxide Swelling and Polarized Light Procedures). SUPERSEDED ( ... For other test methods for the determination of maturity of cotton fibers refer to Test Methods D 1464 and D 2480. ... ASTM D1442-06, Standard Test Method for Maturity of Cotton Fibers (Sodium Hydroxide Swelling and Polarized Light Procedures), ...
Spectra of deuterated cotton fibers did not demonstrate significant changes in their O-H stretching band shapes or positions ... A progressive intensity increase for bands assigned to cellulose Iβ was observed during fiber development, including a marked ... The secondary cell wall development of cotton fibers harvested at 18, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36 and 40 days after flowering was ... Fibers were separated from the cotton seed by hand and allowed to dry at room temperature. Prior to fiber tests, fiber samples ...
The cotton fiber was pretreated with different conditions of aqueous NaOH/urea solution, and the pretreated cotton fiber was ... Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface, XRD results suggested that the ... the glucose yield reached 29.99%. H+ could catalyze the hydrolysis of cotton fiber more effectively due to damage to crystal ... The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of ...
... fiber weight/seed cotton weight), and the fibers were then sent to the Center of Cotton Fiber Quality Inspection and Testing, ... D, The mature fibers from RNAi-transformed cotton plants were shorter than control fibers. E, Measurement of fiber lengths ... which lacks fibers (Fig. 1C). These results indicate that GbPDF1 is highly expressed in cotton fibers during fiber initiation ... The elongation phase of cotton fiber development is the best-studied period. A recent review suggested that cotton fibers ...
The research revealed that the expression of type XI genes was dramatically increased in fibers of tetraploid cotton compared ... The research revealed that the expression of type Ⅺ genes was dramatically increased in fibers of tetraploid cotton compared ... High-level of GhLtpXIs expression was observed in long-fibered cotton cultivars during fiber elongation. Ectopic expression of ... High-level of GhLtpⅪs expression was observed in long-fibered cotton cultivars during fiber elongation. Ectopic expression of ...
... gray t-shirt sd-cf-37 new cotton copper ammonia fiber striped collar short sleeve polo shirt man woman uniform from Chinese ... gray T-shirt SD-cf-37 New cotton copper ammonia fiber striped collar short sleeve polo shirt man woman uniform. ... Product Name: gray T-shirt SD-cf-37 New cotton copper ammonia fiber striped collar short sleeve polo shirt man woman uniform ...
Blue Sky Fibers Organic Cotton Yarn - 613 - Ink (Black) is available now at Jimmy Beans Wool with Free U.S. Flat Rate shipping ... Blue Sky Fibers Organic Cotton Yarn - 613 - Ink (Black) - Project Ideas. ... Home > Yarn > Blue Sky Fibers > Organic Cotton > Project Ideas. Blue Sky Fibers Organic Cotton Yarn - 613 - Ink (Black) Project ... Incredibly soft cotton in a worsted weight. The candy shop of color tempts with an array of sweet treats ranging from rich and ...
R, roots; S, stems; L, leaves; O-0, 0-DPA ovules; F-3, 3-DPA fibers; F-6, 6-DPA fibers; F-9, 9-DPA fibers; F-12, 12-DPA fibers ... cotton fibers) that are an important commodity worldwide; however, genes controlling cotton fiber development have not been ... and their cotton homologs regulate RDL1 expression in cotton fiber cells.. Searching the database revealed three cotton MYBs ... First, it showed a clear binding activity to the cotton fiber-specific promoter RDL1 in yeast and, together with cotton HOX3, ...
  • CB hexaploid cotton was developed by crossing Gossypium-hirsutum with Gossypium-armourianum. (cdc.gov)
  • Cotton fibers are trichrome from plants of the order Malvales , the family Malvaceae , the tribe Gossypieae, and the genus Gossypium . (intechopen.com)
  • Cotton ( Gossypium spp. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Overall, the findings of this research provide insights into phenotypic evolution of Gossypium species and regulatory mechanism of nsLTPs during fiber development. (frontiersin.org)
  • A specific group, type XI nsLTPs, was identified with predominant expression in elongating fibers of Gossypium hirsutum based on evolutionary, transcriptional, and functional analyses. (frontiersin.org)
  • Aerial surfaces of most land plants have epidermal hairs (trichomes), and some plants of systematically unrelated groups, such as cotton ( Gossypium spp) and Salix, produce seed trichomes, which are among the longest plant cells. (plantcell.org)
  • The fibers of cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum ) are single-cell trichomes that undergo rapid and synchronous elongation. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The fibers of cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum ) are a good experimental system for studying the role of microtubules in cell elongation, since elongation occurs at a fast rate over a relatively long period, uninterrupted by cell division. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Don Jones, director of agricultural research responsible for biotechnology research at Cotton Incorporated, said this Gossypium raimondii gold standard sequence will be the foundation for sequencing upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum . (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • Additional file 6 of Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic basis of fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (figshare.com)
  • To study the evolution of oxidative stress related genes in a single plant cell, we conducted comparative expression profiling analyses of the elongated seed trichomes ("fibers") of cotton ( Gossypium ), using a phylogenetic approach. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The consistent chromosomal regions contributing to fiber quality traits constitute good candidates for the further dissection of the genetic and genomic factors underlying important fiber characteristics, and for marker-assisted selection.There are two economically important tetraploid cultivated species of cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (also referred to as "Upland" cotton) and G. barbadense (Caribbean "Sea-Island", Extra Long Staple "ELS" and modern "Pima" and "Egyptian" cultivars). (oalib.com)
  • Tsialtas, IT and Shabala, S and Baxevanos, D and Matsi, T, Effect of potassium fertilization on leaf physiology, fiber yield and quality in cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) under irrigated Mediterranean conditions, Field Crops Research, 193 pp. 94-103. (edu.au)
  • A global gene expression profiling study at different stages of fiber development was undertaken on two cotton species cultivated for fiber, Gossypium hirsutum (L.) and G. barbadense (L.). A large proportion of the genome was expressed during both fiber elongation and subsequent secondary cell wall thickening. (oup.com)
  • Whole genome sequencing of a MAGIC population identified genomic loci and candidate genes for major fiber quality traits in Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (usda.gov)
  • The P450 gene CYP749A16 is required for tolerance to the sulfonylurea herbicide trifloxysulfuron sodium in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (usda.gov)
  • Genome-wide analysis of gene expression of EMS-induced short fiber mutant Ligon lintless-y (liy) in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Genomics. (usda.gov)
  • Functional analyses of cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) immature fiber ( im ) mutant reveal that fiber cell wall development is associated with stress responses. (usda.gov)
  • Molecular markers associated with the immature fiber ( im ) gene affecting the degree of fiber cell wall thickening in cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics . (usda.gov)
  • In spite of the gains additional antioxidants may impart to the cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) photosynthetic apparatus, single time point measurements on live plants have not reflected distinguishable phenotypes for key physiological measures. (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • In the current study, we performed for the first time the comprehensive analysis of TCP gene family in a diploid cotton species, Gossypium arboreum, including phylogenetic analysis, chromosome location, gene duplication status, gene structure and conserved motif analysis, as well as expression profiles in fiber at different developmental stages. (ecu.edu)
  • Heterosis in yield, fiber quality, and photosynthesis of okra leaf oriented hybrid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (usda.gov)
  • Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll , or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • In Peru , cultivation of the indigenous cotton species Gossypium barbadense has been dated, from a find in Ancon, to c. 4200 BC, [14] and was the backbone of the development of coastal cultures such as the Norte Chico , Moche , and Nazca . (wikipedia.org)
  • [ citation needed ] This may be a reference to "tree cotton", Gossypium arboreum , which is a native of the Indian subcontinent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fiber is almost pure cellulose. (prezi.com)
  • Every chemist knows that cotton is chiefly composed of cellulose, CHO, with some other substances in smaller quantities. (chestofbooks.com)
  • The fact is that along with cellulose in ordinary cotton there are a number of celluloid bodies derived from the inspissated juices of the cotton plant. (chestofbooks.com)
  • There is, however, in cotton a certain amount of water present in a state of loose combination with the cellulose, and the celluloid bodies previously referred to appear to contain water similarly combined, but in greater proportion. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Matured fibers contain ∼95% cellulose and 1.8% protein ( 3 ), whereas elongating fibers contain 22% protein in its primary cell wall ( 4 ). (mcponline.org)
  • CesA genes were first discovered in cotton ( 2 ) and comprise a fairly large gene family of at least 10 members in Arabidopsis and maize, some groups of which are expressed during synthesis of primary wall cellulose, whereas others are expressed at the time of secondary wall synthesis ( 3 , 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Their importance in cellulose synthesis was further confirmed by mutations in CesA genes in Arabidopsis that lead to reduced cellulose content ( 5-9 ) by recent work showing that cotton GhCesA-1 expressed in yeast can initiate chain elongation using a sterol glucoside as primer ( 10 ) and by immunogold labeling of rosettes using antibodies directed against CesA ( 11 ). (pnas.org)
  • Acid treatments caused a decrease of the crystallinity index whereas the thermal stability was significantly improved, especially for cellulose fibers hydrolyzed in two steps. (springer.com)
  • Avella M et al (2012) Polyvinyl alcohol biodegradable foams containing cellulose fibers. (springer.com)
  • A progressive intensity increase for bands assigned to cellulose I β was observed during fiber development, including a marked intensity increase for vibrations at 1002 and 985 cm −1 . (mdpi.com)
  • In this study, waste cotton fabric was used as cellulose raw material and pretreated in aqueous NaOH/urea solution system to investigate the effect of NaOH/urea pretreatment solution on the hydrolysis of cotton fiber. (techscience.com)
  • Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface, XRD results suggested that the crystallinity degree of cellulose decreased dramatically, more cellulose II appeared, and the hydrogen bond is broken. (techscience.com)
  • Cotton is unique in that its secondary wall contains nearly pure cellulose and no lignin. (plantphysiol.org)
  • This cotton data will help accelerate the study of gene function, particularly cellulose biosynthesis as it is fundamental to improved biofuels production," said Jeremy Schmutz, head of the DOE JGI Plant Program and a faculty investigator at the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, who led the effort to assemble the sequence. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • https://vaping.com/cotton-blend-pads-n-02-density 2404 Cotton Blend Pads n°02 Density https://assets.vaping.com/media/catalog/product/cache/1/small_image/236x297/7adae98f10b65a46c99555dc2b8a9bb0/c/o/cotton-blend-02_2.png 37.5 USD OutOfStock /Parts /Parts/Wire & Wick /Brands/Fiber Freaks Experience the original blend of our high-end cellulose with the best organic cotton. (vaping.com)
  • Experience the original blend of high-end cellulose with the best organic cotton. (vaping.com)
  • Fiber Freaks Original Pads Density N° 2 Lyocel Cellulose Wick Dense Cotton Wick for Rebuilding with much denser structure, it can not be tore via hand, you'd better use scissors to peserve its great performance. (sourcemore.com)
  • Because of the uniformity of the polymer layer deposition, the encapsulated cotton cellulose fibers can be expected to exhibit substantially different physical and chemical surface properties even at low polymer add‐on. (nyu.edu)
  • Over the weekend while I was taking part 2 of Kristine's Natural Fabric Dyeing class, How to Dye Cotton and Other Cellulose Fibers , I thought about both baking bread and simmering sauce. (creativebug.com)
  • Cotton ovule epidermal cell differentiation into long fibers primarily depends on wall-oriented processes such as loosening, elongation, remodeling, and maturation. (mcponline.org)
  • Cotton fibers are single-cell epidermal seed trichomes that undergo major developmental changes involving overlapping stages of growth including initiation, elongation, and maturation ( 1 , 2 ). (mcponline.org)
  • These proteins play crucial roles in the elongation and maturation of numerous fiber cells on the ovule surface in a synchronized fashion ( 7 ). (mcponline.org)
  • Earlier efforts to understand fiber cell differentiation showed the stage-specific expression of genes encoding cell wall enzymes ( 8 ), implicating their probable role in cell elongation and post elongation events ( 9 ). (mcponline.org)
  • As the longest single-celled plant hair, cotton fiber has been used as an experiment model to study trichome initiation and elongation in plants. (springer.com)
  • The cotton fiber undergoes four stages of development: initiation, elongation, secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis, and maturation [ 1 , 4 , 5 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Properties evaluated will include elongation, single fibers and bundle tenacities, work of rupture, and so on. (intechopen.com)
  • A cotton PROTODERMAL FACTOR1 gene ( GbPDF1 ) was found to be expressed preferentially during fiber initiation and early elongation, with highest accumulation in fiber cells 5 d post anthesis. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The elongation phase of cotton fiber development is the best-studied period. (plantphysiol.org)
  • High-level of GhLtpXIs expression was observed in long-fibered cotton cultivars during fiber elongation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ectopic expression of GhLtpXIs in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced trichome length, suggesting that GhLtpXIs promoted fiber elongation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Cotton fibers are single-cell trichomes that result from elongation of epidermal cells of the ovule. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that different functional categories of genes were over-represented during fiber elongation between the four selected RILs. (springer.com)
  • Fiber initiation and elongation are critical periods in which the number and lengths of fibers, secondary wall thickening (fiber strength), and other fiber quality traits are determined. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Coincidence in QTL location across data sets was assessed for the fiber trait categories strength, elongation, length, length uniformity, fineness/maturity, and color. (oalib.com)
  • Cotton fiber development transition from elongation to secondary cell wall biosynthesis is a critical growth shifting phase that affects cotton fiber final length, strength and other properties. (preprints.org)
  • The critical time point for Gh and Gb fiber elongation termination is, respectively, 23 and 27 days post-anthesis (dpa). (preprints.org)
  • Strikingly, a large proportion of differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) was identified at 19-23 dpa in Gh or at 23-27 dpa in Gb , corresponding to their fiber developmental transition timing from elongation to secondary cell wall biosynthesis. (preprints.org)
  • There was a major shift in abundance of transcripts for gene regulation, cell organization and metabolism between fiber elongation and fiber thickening that was fundamentally similar in both species. (oup.com)
  • Many of the genes expressed in the fibers were of a similar type and developmental expression to those seen in other fiber-producing plants, indicating a conservation of mechanisms of cell elongation and wall thickening across diverse plant genera. (oup.com)
  • Secondary metabolism and pectin synthesis and modification genes were amongst the most statistically significant differentially expressed categories between the two species during fiber elongation. (oup.com)
  • Cotton fibers (seed hairs) are single-cell trichomes that undergo rapid and synchronous elongation. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Initiation and elongation are the best understood developmental stages at the transcriptional level among different stages of fiber development. (ijsr.net)
  • Cotton Incorporated, funded by U.S. growers of upland cotton and importers of cotton and cotton textile products, is the research and marketing company representing upland cotton. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • An Upland cotton MAGIC population, consisting of 550 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from eleven different cultivars, was used to identify fiber length QTLs and potential genes that contribute to longer fibers. (springer.com)
  • A forward subtractive cDNA library constructed and sequenced from upland cotton ( G. hirsutum ) fibers during the secondary cell wall thickening stage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this work was to study the physiological, yield and quality responses of two upland cotton cultivars (Greek and Australian), grown on light-textured soil under irrigated, Mediterranean conditions, to three potassium levels (0, 80, 160 kg K 2 O ha −1 ). (edu.au)
  • In the 2004 crop year, 151 genotypes of Upland cotton and 10 genotypes of Pima cotton were planted in the United States. (tdl.org)
  • fiber cells are seed trichomes derived from the epidermal layer of the cotton seed coat. (plantphysiol.org)
  • fibers are highly elongated single-cell trichomes that arise from the outer epidermis of the ovules. (plantphysiol.org)
  • These results suggest that cotton and Arabidopsis use similar transcription factors for regulating trichomes and that GaMYB2 may be a key regulator of cotton fiber development. (plantcell.org)
  • Cotton fibers are single-celled trichomes that emerge from ovule epidermal cells. (springer.com)
  • Many genes and quantitative trait loci related to fiber quality attributes have been identified and genetically mapped. (springer.com)
  • Meanwhile, the expression of several genes related to ethylene and pectin synthesis or sugar transport during cotton fiber growth was found to be significantly reduced in the PDF1 -suppressed cotton. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Bioinformatic analysis of the tetraploid cotton genome database identified 138 nsLTP genes, falling into the 11 groups as reported previously. (frontiersin.org)
  • Different from Arabidopsis , cacao, and other crops, cotton type XI genes were considerably expanded and diverged earlier on chromosome At11, Dt11, and Dt08. (frontiersin.org)
  • The research revealed that the expression of type XI genes was dramatically increased in fibers of tetraploid cotton compared with the two diploid progenitors. (frontiersin.org)
  • however, genes controlling cotton fiber development have not been characterized. (plantcell.org)
  • Cotton was among the first plants studied at the molecular level, and the sequence obtained by Paterson and his team is the culmination of a 20-plus year effort in the analysis of cotton genes and genomic DNA. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • RNAseq analysis of the longest and shortest fiber length RILs from D11-ref and D11-alt populations identified 949 significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs). (springer.com)
  • We found 12 genes possessing non-synonymous SNPs (nsSNPs) significantly associated with the fiber length, and three that were highly significant and were clustered at D11:24-Mb, including D11G1928, D11G1929 and D11G1931. (springer.com)
  • The results of this study provide insights into molecular aspects of genetic variation in fiber length and suggests candidate genes for genetic manipulation for cotton improvement. (springer.com)
  • We identified 80 ( GaPME01 - GaPME80 ) PME genes from diploid G. arboreum (A genome), 78 ( GrPME01 - GrPME78 ) PME genes from G. raimondii (D genome), and 135 ( GhPME001 - GhPME135 ) PME genes from tetraploid cotton G. hirsutum (AD genome). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Expression profiling identifies genes expressed early during lint fibre initiation in cotton. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Expression levels of repre-sentative phenylpropanoid and pectin modification genes showed high correlations with specific fiber properties in an inter-specific cotton recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, supporting a role in determining fiber quality. (oup.com)
  • AFLP analysis has been applied in cotton to identify genes for resistance to fungal wilt diseases. (blogspot.com)
  • cotton by introducin.g__.genes to create new .germplasms .with, highly desirable characteristics. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Many genes are required for the fiber differentiation and development. (allindianpatents.com)
  • These isolated genes may be considered as having potential application in cotton fiber improvement due to the character of their fiber-specific expression. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Many tissue-specific genes and their promoters have been identified and isolated from a wide variety of plants and animals over the past decade, including some cotton tissue-specific genes and promoters (Loguerico et al. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Many these TCP transcription factor genes are specifically expressed in cotton fiber during different developmental stages, including cotton fiber initiation and early development. (ecu.edu)
  • This suggests that TCP genes may play important roles in cotton fiber development. (ecu.edu)
  • Fiber traits of few cotton species have been shown in Table 1 . (intechopen.com)
  • However, genetic improvement of cotton fiber length by breeding has been a challenge due to the narrow genetic diversity of modern cotton cultivars and negative correlations between fiber quality and yield traits. (springer.com)
  • The RIL population displayed a large variability for all major fiber traits. (oalib.com)
  • Most consistent meta-clusters were identified for fiber color on chromosomes c6, c8 and c25, fineness on c15, and fiber length on c3.Meta-analysis provided a reliable means of integrating phenotypic and genetic mapping data across multiple populations and environments for complex fiber traits. (oalib.com)
  • have been made 'in quality and yield of the fibers by means of classical breeding in the past decades, the potential for further improving fiber properties through classical breeding is limited due to requirements for species compatibility and available traits. (allindianpatents.com)
  • During evolution, polyploidy (allo-tetraploidy) enhanced the fiber traits in allo-tetraploids as compared to diploids, resulting in higher fiber yield and quality. (ijsr.net)
  • Usually, cotton is spun into yarn or thread and then used to make a breathable and drape able griege. (prezi.com)
  • This yarn is a wonderful and soft cotton. (jimmybeanswool.com)
  • Although this standard contains PELs for specific operations involving potential exposures to cotton dust - the lowest of these PELs being 0.2 mg/m 3 - these PELs are not applicable in your scenario because they only apply to yarn manufacturing, slashing and weaving operations, or waste houses for textile operations, respectively, as per paragraphs 29 CFR 1910.1043(a)(1) and (c)(1). (osha.gov)
  • Quality of bundle fibers will be a good tool in predicting spinning performances and thus yarn quality. (intechopen.com)
  • It is very important for cotton breeders to understand the relationships existing between specific fiber properties, overall fiber, and yarn qualities [ 3 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Understanding these interactions will allow breeders for using the data more effectively for selecting the best cotton plants for developing a cotton variety with improved yarn quality [ 3 , 4 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • The weight of Organic Cotton yarn is worsted (19-20 sts/4 in). (jimmybeanswool.com)
  • Similarly, cotton yarn has many varieties - from the affordable workhorse dishcloth cotton to the finer (and pricier) Pima and Egyptian cottons. (crochetspot.com)
  • On the other hand, organic cotton is free of all chemical processes in growing the plant and processing the yarn. (crochetspot.com)
  • Because cotton paradoxically might shrink in the wash but stretch when worn, it is best to choose a blend when crocheting fitted garments so the yarn will give you the look you desire. (crochetspot.com)
  • I use Red Heart's Crème de la Crème cotton yarn, which is my all time favorite when the twist is tight like thread. (crochetspot.com)
  • Everyone who receives them as gifts says they are too beautiful to cover up with, but the first one I made out of the cotton yarn had me (pardon the pun) hooked! (crochetspot.com)
  • Lint fiber length is an important trait for the woven textile industry, since longer fibers can be more efficiently spun into yarn. (springer.com)
  • The cotton quality parameters were limited to length by weight, length by number, maturity, and fineness because these are shown to be important factors of yarn quality. (tdl.org)
  • Premium-quality, four-ply cotton/synthetic yarn mop head for high-volume use. (officesupply.com)
  • Boardwalk Super Loop Wet Mop Head, Cotton/Synthetic Fiber, 5' Headband, Medium Size, Green, 12/Carton - Premium-quality, four-ply cotton/synthetic yarn mop head for high-volume use. (officesupply.com)
  • The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile . (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, in order to elucidate the relationship between PMEs and fiber development, we analyzed identification, phylogeny expression of PMEs in G. arboreum , G. raimondii and G. hirsutum . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Phys.org)-A team of researchers from Germany, Israel and Austria has developed a process for imbuing cotton fibers with material that glows under fluorescent light. (phys.org)
  • Written by leading authorities in cotton chemistry and science, the book details fiber biosynthesis, structure, chemical composition and reactions, physical properties and includes information on biotech, organic, and colored cotton. (routledge.com)
  • We conclude that GbPDF1 plays a critical role together with interaction partners in hydrogen peroxide homeostasis and steady biosynthesis of ethylene and pectin during fiber development via the core cis-element HDZIP2ATATHB2. (plantphysiol.org)
  • For other test methods for the determination of maturity of cotton fibers refer to Test Methods D 1464 and D 2480. (astm.org)
  • These cottons were chosen from a list of 12 cottons covering a large panel of varieties and physical properties (maturity, fineness, micronaire, length, tenacity, etc. (intechopen.com)
  • Fiber length was closely correlated to leaf K at the first open boll stage indicating a putative deficiency of K which possibly accelerates cotton maturity. (edu.au)
  • 14. Rodgers J, Delhom C, Hinchliffe D, Kim HJ , Cui X. A rapid measurement for cotton breeders of maturity and fineness from developing and mature fibers. (usda.gov)
  • Despite no significant changes in fiber maturity, all GR and APX transgenic lines produced significantly finer fibers than the wild-type. (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • Fiber maturity is a problem in western Texas that affects most fiber quality measures especially the fineness measurement micronaire. (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • During fiber initiation, which begins prior to the day of anthesis (DOA), a portion of ovule epidermal cells differentiate into fiber cells [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • PDF1 silencing caused retardation of fiber initiation and produced shorter fibers and lower lint percentage compared with the wild type, indicating that the gene is required for cotton fiber development. (plantphysiol.org)
  • However, the number of fiber cells of each ovule, which is another determinant of yield, is established at the initiation stage. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The process of fiber initiation is rapid, making it difficult to visualize how the protodermal cells turn into fibers. (plantphysiol.org)
  • GhJAZ2 negatively regulates cotton fiber initiation by interacting with the R2R3-MYB transcription factor GhMYB25-like. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Fiber development consists of four overlapping stages (i.e. initiation, primary cell wall formation, secondary cell wall formation and maturation) [Basra and Malik, 1984]. (allindianpatents.com)
  • New methods to measure physical properties of single fiber and young developing fibers are included. (springer.com)
  • There's no question we have a problem, both in fibre yield and quality,' added Jack Hamilton, a cotton producer in Lake Providence, Louisiana. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Fiber quantity and length, to a large extent, determine cotton yield and quality of the resulting spun thread. (frontiersin.org)
  • This sequence is a cornerstone that will help advance our knowledge so we more thoroughly understand the biology that leads to enhanced yield, improved fiber quality, and better stress tolerance, all improvements that will benefit growers in the not-too-distant future. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • Improving cotton fiber length without reducing yield is one of the major goals of cotton breeding. (springer.com)
  • The ultimate goal for cotton breeding is improving fiber quality characteristics without reducing fiber yield. (springer.com)
  • These results are persuasive evidence directed to cotton growers to apply this method for controlling seed-borne fungi of cotton, improve cotton yield, promote the quality of the cotton fibers, as well as increase the seed cotton production and subsequently the extracted oil. (scialert.net)
  • A rate of 80 kg K 2 O ha −1 was adequate to increase both seedcotton and lint yield and improve fiber length. (edu.au)
  • Cultivars did not differ in the leaf gas exchange characteristics and yield but the Australian (Carmen) had markedly better fiber quality, was water conservative and sustained higher leaf K concentrations compared to Greek (Elina). (edu.au)
  • Regardless the growth stage, the lint yield was negatively correlated with Δ, Na and Na/Mg ratio highlighting the importance of the conservative use of water on cotton yield and the detrimental role of Na despite the theoretical cotton s tolerance. (edu.au)
  • Overall, results of the present work emphasize the essentiality of adequate K supply for cotton physiology, growth, yield and quality, highlight the interactions of K with other nutrients and stress the cultivar selection as a means to encounter soil K inadequacy. (edu.au)
  • Improved cotton varieties are urgently needed to improve the cotton market through cotton yield, high ginning percentages and good cotton quality as these factors affect lint price on the world market. (blogspot.com)
  • The isolated promoter may be used in improving cotton fibers to create new cotton varieties with high fiber quality and yield by gene manipulation. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Yield, gin turnout, and 23 measures of fiber quality were assessed. (agriculture-xprt.com)
  • The results suggested that adopting okra leaf parental lines in cotton breeding provided potentials in increasing fiber quality with comparable lint yield. (usda.gov)
  • which was chosen by the worldwide cotton community to be the first of 50 cotton species to be sequenced. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • There are nearly no differences in the gene structure of PMEs among the three (two diploid and one tetraploid) cotton species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Selective pressure analysis showed that the Ka/Ks value for each of the three cotton species PME families was less than one. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our data suggests that parallel human selection for enhanced fiber growth in several geographically widely dispersed species of domesticated cotton resulted in similar and overlapping metabolic transformations of the manner in which cellular redox levels have become modulated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Morphological dynamic analysis indicates that an asynchronous fiber developmental pattern between two cotton species. (preprints.org)
  • To better understand fibers transitional development, we comparatively analyzed those DEPs in 19-23 dpa of Gh vs. in 23-27 dpa of Gb, and noted that these cotton species indeed share fundamentally similar fiber development features under the biological processes. (preprints.org)
  • The gene profiles of the fiber thickening stage, however, were almost identical between the two species, suggesting that their different final fiber quality properties may be established at earlier stages of fiber development. (oup.com)
  • Various theories have been advanced to explain the selective value of lint in the evolution of the species, but there is no convincing evidence that it is of any use to a cotton plant growing wild in its natural habitat (Munro, 1987). (blogspot.com)
  • In the light of increased knowledge of the distribution and relationships of primitive cottons, Santhanam and Hutchinson (1974) reported that the Asiatic species and races probably differentiated before domestication. (blogspot.com)
  • Linted cotton species have been used for cotton fabrics between 4000 and 3000 BC (Munro, 1987). (blogspot.com)
  • The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] The two New World cotton species account for the vast majority of modern cotton production, but the two Old World species were widely used before the 1900s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, we show that promoter of a cotton fiber gene, RD22-like1 ( RDL1 ), contains a homeodomain binding L1 box and a MYB binding motif that confer trichome-specific expression in Arabidopsis. (plantcell.org)
  • We used gene-specific probes to investigate α-tubulin transcript levels in elongating cotton fibers. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The HD-Zip IV gene GaHOX1 from cotton is a functional homologue of the Arabidopsis GLABRA2. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The present invention relates to the cotton actin gene CFACT1, and the fiber-specific promoter thereof. (allindianpatents.com)
  • A few promoters have been shown to control gene expression in a fiber-specific manner in cotton (Rinehart et al. (allindianpatents.com)
  • A fiber-specific gene (named CFACT1), encoding actin, was isolated from cotton. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Transgenie cotton and tobacco plants with the CFACT1 promoter/GUS fusion gene was identified by Southern blot hybridization. (allindianpatents.com)
  • The promoter controls specific gene expression at the transcriptional level in cotton fibers. (allindianpatents.com)
  • GhPDF1 is expressed preferentially in immature ovules and fiber initials and the gene has been suggested to play a role in cell fate determination and fiber development. (msstate.edu)
  • This work is focused on the hydrolysis of cotton fibers from waste textiles to obtain micro and nanofibers to be used as reinforcements in polymer composites. (springer.com)
  • H + could catalyze the hydrolysis of cotton fiber more effectively due to damage to crystal structure and hydrogen bonds. (techscience.com)
  • An international consortium, led by Professor Andrew Paterson of the University of Georgia, has made publicly available the first 'gold-standard' genome sequence for cotton. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • The research effort of Paterson and others gained momentum in 2007 when a proposal from 22 leading cotton scientists representing the world's seven largest cotton-producing nations was approved by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Community Sequencing Program. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • This achievement, and the ongoing research community annotations of our cotton genome, will speed continued improvement of cotton production and help sustain one of the world's largest industries," said Professor Paterson. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • In this research, cotton genome information was used to identify PMEs . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some 12 per cent of world cotton is now planted to GMO varieties and the International Cotton Advisory Council (ICAC) has estimated this would rise to 50 per cent in five to seven years. (organicconsumers.org)
  • The point is we've switched cotton varieties. (organicconsumers.org)
  • No matter the transgenics or not, when you switch cotton varieties, you switch fibre qualities,' he said. (organicconsumers.org)
  • There are many varieties of wild cotton, found mostly in Mexico, Australia, and Africa. (prezi.com)
  • Variation determination for cotton varieties in Tanzania has been done morphologically using phenotypic descriptors. (blogspot.com)
  • While cotton fibers occur naturally in colors of white, brown, pink and green, fears of contaminating the genetics of white cotton have led many cotton-growing locations to ban the growing of colored cotton varieties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparative analysis with other plant glycoproteomes highlighted the unique composition of the fiber glycoproteome. (mcponline.org)
  • Due to their length, ease of growth, and relative structural and biological simplicity, cotton fibers are particularly suitable for examining changes that occur during plant cell wall development. (mdpi.com)
  • Cotton fiber's characterization is very complex and depends on the growing and harvesting conditions of the plant. (intechopen.com)
  • This critical sequence will be invaluable to better understanding and optimizing the production and sustainability of the cotton plant. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • The cotton sequence is among the highest-quality flowering plant sequences yet produced. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • Pectin is one of the important components of the plant cell wall, which forms the main structural material of cotton fiber. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Soaked seeds prior to the sawing followed by 3 times of spraying cotton seedlings with the target antioxidant or formulated antioxidants GAWDA ® formulation at the rate of 2.2 g L 1 significant increased the contents of chlorophyll a, b, carotenoid and total phenols in the plant leaves at the age of (30, 45, 60, 75) days old. (scialert.net)
  • Bee Hexagon Seed Paper Tag Honeycomb Wildflower Cotton for Weddings or Events - Plant me! (etsy.com)
  • This book is of special interest to advanced students, teachers, and research workers in the field of cotton breeding, genetics, tissue culture, molecular biology, and plant biotechnology in general. (springer.com)
  • Provided by the invention are the seeds, plants, plant parts and derivatives of the cotton variety 04T048. (google.com)
  • 2. A cotton plant produced by growing the seed of claim 1 . (google.com)
  • 7. A cotton plant regenerated from the tissue culture of claim 5 , wherein the regenerated cotton plant expresses all of the physiological and morphological characteristics of cotton variety 04T048, a representative sample of seed of said variety having been deposited under ATCC Accession No. PTA-9900. (google.com)
  • 8. A method of producing cotton seed, comprising crossing the plant of claim 2 with itself or a second cotton plant. (google.com)
  • 9. The method of claim 8 , further defined as a method of preparing hybrid cotton seed, comprising crossing cotton variety 04T048 with a second, distinct cotton plant. (google.com)
  • 11. An F 1 hybrid cotton plant produced by growing the seed of claim 10 . (google.com)
  • 12. A method of producing a cotton plant having an added desired trait, wherein the method comprises introducing a transgene conferring the desired trait into the cotton plant of claim 2 . (google.com)
  • 16. A cotton plant produced by the method of claim 12 , wherein the plant comprises the desired trait and all of the physiological and morphological characteristics of cotton variety 04T048 when grown in the same environmental conditions. (google.com)
  • In the class, Kristine dyes a pair of organic cotton socks with madder extract (madder is a plant whose roots produce a range of reds and an extract is the dye in a concentrated powder form), and I was doing the same. (creativebug.com)
  • As a consequence, cotton fiber developmental biology, genetics and genomics have become focal points in the cotton research community. (springer.com)
  • Results from qRT-PCR indicated that the expression level of different PMEs at various fiber developmental stages was different. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Overall, the present study provides accurate pictures of the regulatory networks of functional proteins during the fiber developmental transition. (preprints.org)
  • 7. Liu, Y., Kim, H.J. Use of attenuated total reflection fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy in direct, non-destructive, and rapid assessment of developmental cotton fibers grown in planta and in culture. (usda.gov)
  • Wash and wear finish for a cotton fabric is necessary to make it crease-free or wrinkle-free. (prezi.com)
  • fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and Pakistan. (prezi.com)
  • a treatment for cotton fabric and thread that gives fabric or yarns a lustrous appearance and strengthens them. (prezi.com)
  • Cotton fabric can range from the virtually indestructible denim of blue jeans to the delicate crepe of a summer blouse. (crochetspot.com)
  • fragments of cotton fabric dated to the fifth millennium BC have been found in the Indus Valley Civilization , as well as fabric remnants dated back to 6000 BC in Peru . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cotton fabric was known to the ancient Romans as an import but cotton was rare in the Romance-speaking lands until imports from the Arabic-speaking lands in the later medieval era at transformatively lower prices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traditionally Indian consumers prefer 100% combed cotton fabric, but with the quickly evolving intimate apparel market, consumers are increasingly looking for improved fit and comfort. (invista.com)
  • Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for thousands of years. (prezi.com)
  • In order to gain information on this subject, the author has grown cotton under glass, and analyzed it at various stages of its life history. (chestofbooks.com)
  • The value of cotton fiber grown in the U.S. is typically about $6 billion per year. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • No longer only the fiber of the orient, cotton is now grown worldwide, and sustainable sources are once again available. (mielkesfiberarts.com)
  • Cotton was grown upriver, made into nets, and traded with fishing villages along the coast for large supplies of fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • e) repeating steps (c) and (d) one or more times in succession to produce selected second or higher backcross progeny plants that comprise the single locus and otherwise comprise all of the physiological and morphological characteristics of cotton variety 04T048 when grown in the same environmental conditions. (google.com)
  • CeramicLooseFiberis made by the melted raw materials at high temperature through resistance furnace, before being blown or spun into fiber. (okorder.com)
  • Cotton has been spun, woven, and dyed since prehistoric times. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Columbia Encyclopedia: Cotton has been spun, woven, and dyed since prehistoric times. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1.1 This test method covers the determination of the percentage of mature fibers in a sample of loose, chemically untreated cotton fibers, whether taken before processing or unravelled from a textile product. (astm.org)
  • GUS constructs in transgenic cotton were predominantly expressed in the epidermis of ovules and developing fibers. (plantphysiol.org)
  • However, it is unclear how LCFA is transported and accumulated on the outer epidermis of ovules to regulate fiber development. (frontiersin.org)
  • Cotton fibers are exceedingly long cells that grow from the epidermal cells of the cotton seed [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The secondary cell wall development of cotton fibers harvested at 18, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36 and 40 days after flowering was examined using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform-infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy. (mdpi.com)
  • Web Note: We have previously seen reporting of poor genetically modified cotton quality arising from US agronomists in the field, not just from the textile industry as here. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Cotton fiber is the most important natural fiber used in the textile industry. (springer.com)
  • is the major renewable source of fibers used worldwide in the textile industry. (springer.com)
  • Cotton is a multipurpose crop and produces lint, the most important source of fiber used in the textile industry, oil, seed meal, and hulls. (springer.com)
  • The increasing thickness of the fiber secondary wall gradually increases the strength of fibers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of unpretreated sample. (techscience.com)
  • Incorporating new scientific techniques, instruments, characterization, and processing methods, the book features important technological advances from the past decade, particularly in fiber production and novel applications. (routledge.com)
  • The palette is created with low impact dyes, and a funky twist gives our 100% certified organic cotton a light and lofty hand. (jimmybeanswool.com)
  • This Fiber Freaks Original PAD density N° 2 has a denser structure which makes it looks similar with the organic cotton. (sourcemore.com)
  • Recent technological advancements in molecular biology and genomics have enabled us to study fiber development in great depth. (springer.com)
  • The molecular components responsible for regulating fiber cell differentiation have not been fully elucidated. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Subsequent exposure to dry, purified vapors of monomeric formaldehyde at 25°C results in the encapsulation of individual fibers with high molecular weight polyoxymethylene. (nyu.edu)
  • it is the most widely used natural fiber cloth in clothing today. (prezi.com)
  • This combination of characteristics give cotton the market as the most widely used natural fiber. (prezi.com)
  • Monteiro SN et al (2009) Natural-Fiber polymer-matrix composites: cheaper, tougher, and environmentally friendly. (springer.com)
  • Feels better for a new little one, to have a natural fiber, rather than acrylic. (crochetspot.com)
  • is one of the most important natural fiber crops around the world. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although cultivated since antiquity, it was the invention of the cotton gin that lowered the cost of production that led to its widespread use, and it is the most widely used natural fiber cloth in clothing today. (wikipedia.org)
  • reported that another MYB protein, GhMYB25-like, plays a key role in the very early stages of fiber cell differentiation, with suppression of GhMYB25-like resulting in cotton plants with fiberless seeds. (plantphysiol.org)
  • US textile manufacturers are suspicious that the widespread use of genetically modified plants (GMO) in cotton farms may have contributed to the fall in cotton quality, a senior US textile official said Wednesday. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Felker said in a speech to delegates attending the conference that something is devaluing the quality of US cotton 'and it could not happen at a worse time. (organicconsumers.org)
  • GM cotton may be addressing pest control and the impact of agriculture on the environment, but do you know with certainty that it is not hurting fibre quality? (organicconsumers.org)
  • But Thomas Hughes, president of Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Co Inc in Memphis, Tennessee, said in a separate interview with Reuters that blaming GMO cotton does not solely account for the decline in quality. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Felker said micronaire quality, a measure to determine the width of the fibre of the cotton, required by cotton mills for Memphis eastern and Texas cotton has become too coarse and variable. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Asked by a grower if mills would be willing to pay a premium for higher quality cotton, Felker said that may be possible but that US farmers must come up with a better fibre or 'the market will shrink and your prices will shrink too. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Consequently, genetic improvement in fiber quality has been stressed. (springer.com)
  • With improvement in fiber quality has come the realization that further fiber improvement will require a better understanding of fiber development and biology. (springer.com)
  • Professor Paterson noted that "The cotton community is delighted at the sequence quality resulting from integration of accumulated and new information by the skilled team of Mr. Jeremy Schmutz and Dan Rokhsar of the DOE JGI. (southwestfarmpress.com)
  • The average length of fibers of D11-alt RILs was significantly shorter compared to D11-ref RILs, suggesting that alleles in the D11-alt haplotype contributed to the inferior fiber quality. (springer.com)
  • Pectin is an important component of cotton fiber and pectin metabolism may influence fiber quality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Many previous studies showed that cotton genotype is the major contributor to overall quality variation. (tdl.org)
  • Many other studies demonstrated the importance of distributions of fiber quality parameters in predicting end product quality. (tdl.org)
  • However, much of the previous research conducted on fiber quality parameters used either commercial bales or cotton bolls. (tdl.org)
  • This study will fill the gap in the existing literature by examining the relationship between cotton genotype and the distribution of fiber quality parameters. (tdl.org)
  • When the Kruskal-Wallis test was applied on whole distribution, genotype does not affect fiber quality distributions. (tdl.org)
  • When the Kruskal-Wallis test was applied on part of the distributions, genotype was shown to affect fiber quality distributions. (tdl.org)
  • Ranges close to standardized mean values (between 0 and -1.0 sigma) were always affected for all fiber quality parameter in all years. (tdl.org)
  • Mathematical models that described the distribution of each genotype were built for each fiber quality parameter. (tdl.org)
  • The Kruskal-Willis test and cluster analysis were used without standardization as well and revealed that genotype affects fiber quality distributions at all fiber quality parameter in all years. (tdl.org)
  • The distinction comes from our dedication to providing our customers with the finest products and services at the highest quality delivered anywhere So we develop the fiber filling machine to four heads which is supported by 2 scales that means allow 4 operators working at the same time to meet the demands of. (bealeadglobal.com)
  • Since specific promoters regulates transcription in fiber cells hence the knowledge of novel fiber specific regulatory elements along promoters and their interacting transcription factors might be a better tool to be used in the genetic manipulation of fiber quality parameters. (ijsr.net)
  • As well, all tested okra leaf hybrids improved fiber quality such as micronaire compared with the normal leaf check hybrid. (usda.gov)
  • Bw!tch cotton stretch panties will carry the LYCRA® fiber hand tag, an assurance of superior quality of the product. (invista.com)
  • The length of staple cotton, a vital ingredient for mill spinners, is 'deteriorating' in Texas and is a serious problem with Memphis and Eastern growths, the Avondale official said. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants. (prezi.com)
  • Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds Cotton is a natural, cellulosic staple fiber. (prezi.com)
  • Staple fibers tend to be short-1/2 in to 2 in - the longer the fiber the more luxurious the material derived from it and the higher the retail value - in cotton's case. (prezi.com)
  • US mills are estimated to consume in 2000/01 only 9.9 million (480-lb) bales of cotton, a mark representing a nine-year trough and down from the record 11.3 million bales consumed in 1997/98. (organicconsumers.org)
  • This manufacturer receives raw, unwashed cotton in bales from an outside supplier. (osha.gov)
  • Your client unwraps the cotton bales and manually puts the cotton into hoppers and pre-feeders to be conditioned. (osha.gov)
  • Annual production of cotton worldwide'is over 100 million bales valued at 45 billion U.S. dollars. (allindianpatents.com)
  • [2] In the United States, cotton is usually measured in bales, which measure approximately 0.48 cubic meters (17 cubic feet) and weigh 226.8 kilograms (500 pounds). (wikipedia.org)
  • The binding activity between this cis-element and nuclear extracts from fiber-bearing cotton ovules at 5 d post anthesis was specific. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Brassinosteroid regulates fiber development on cultured cotton ovules. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The purpose of the work was the ultimate development of a commercial cotton which would drop its bracts before the bolls opened. (cdc.gov)
  • This technique reduced spectral noise and was employed to visualize cell wall development in cotton fibers bundles. (mdpi.com)
  • Spectra of deuterated cotton fibers did not demonstrate significant changes in their O-H stretching band shapes or positions during development. (mdpi.com)
  • All of these factors interact and are critical to the development of cottons that can compete in a global market. (intechopen.com)
  • Proteomic profiling revealed dynamic changes of several key proteins and biological processes that potentially correlate with fiber development transition. (preprints.org)
  • GhMYB25-like: a key factor in early cotton fibre development. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The R2R3 MYB transcription factor GhMYB109 is required for cotton fiber development. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The development of Old World cotton as a major raw material took place in Sind. (blogspot.com)
  • We produce and distributes wide range of filling machine suited to most fiber and down in clothing industry Our company is innovating along with the development Aim at filling fiber Double filling ports for fiber filling machine allow 2 operators working at the same time Fully automatic fiber filling machine weighing. (bealeadglobal.com)
  • With solutions for application of fiber filling we provide pre consultation engineering of installation and after sales maintenance Most efficient and immediate service ensures best benefit of customers Based on the development oriented management we have launched this fiber filling machine which is able to fill large. (bealeadglobal.com)
  • Starting with down filling in the beginning of business we also carry several kinds of fiber filling machine at the moment Based on the development oriented management we have launched this fiber filling machine which is able to fill large pieces Carried with four heads which is supported by 2 scales that means allow. (bealeadglobal.com)
  • It s a great development Two scales support each filling port and there are Four filling ports for fiber filling machine allow 4 operators working at the same time Speed is faster than before Fully automatic fiber filling machine weighing and filling Max weight of ball fiber filling machine can reach to 150g min is 5g. (bealeadglobal.com)
  • The expression of GhRING2 in cotton fiber is developmentally regulated, suggesting that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway may regulate cotton fiber growth and development. (msstate.edu)
  • The average fiber fineness showed a wide variability. (cdc.gov)
  • The transfer of caducous bract (CB) trait from hexaploid to tetraploid cultivars and the fiber properties of the hexaploid cotton were studied. (cdc.gov)
  • The average fiber strength after 6 years of selection was considerably greater than the strength of commercial cultivars, as measured on the Pressley tester. (cdc.gov)
  • Advancement in understanding fiber color genetics and biochemical pathways and new utilization of color cottons are discussed. (springer.com)
  • A key textile fiber for over 5000 years, this complex carbohydrate is also one of the leading crops to benefit from genetic engineering. (routledge.com)
  • The average fiber length of the CB hexaploid ranged from less than 1 inch in the initial crops to a maximum of 1.12 inches after 6 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Cotton is one of the important commercial fiber crops worldwide. (frontiersin.org)
  • and fiber crops like cotton. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cotton fibers reach their final lengths around 21-35 days post-anthesis (DPA), depending on the genetic line and growing conditions [ 1 , 4 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Silver-cotton nanocomposites: Nano-design of microfibrillar structure causes morphological changes and increased tenacity, Scientific Reports (2016). (phys.org)
  • A process for encapsulating cotton fibers in the form of woven clothes at ambient temperatures with polyoxymethylene is described. (nyu.edu)
  • Hundreds of years before the Christian era, cotton textiles were woven in India with matchless skill, and their use spread to the Mediterranean countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newer high speed spinning instruments are being deployed around the world that demand longer, stronger and finer fibers. (springer.com)
  • Further analysis showed that a higher accumulation of hydrogen peroxide occurred in the RNA interference transgenic cotton lines. (plantphysiol.org)
  • VI Secondary Metabolites - Gossypol and Tannins Special emphasis is placed on interspecific hybridization, somaclonal variation, transgenic cotton resistant to insects and herbicides, and re-engineering of fiber. (springer.com)
  • Effect of Transgenic Cotton Expressing the Bacillus thuringiensis var. (springer.com)
  • Due to process effects or small sample size, neither of these truly and fully reflects the genotype effects on distributions of fiber characteristics. (tdl.org)
  • 13. The method of claim 12 , wherein the desired trait is selected from the group consisting of male sterility, herbicide tolerance, insect or pest resistance, disease resistance, modified fatty acid metabolism, modified carbohydrate metabolism and modified cotton fiber characteristics. (google.com)
  • Cross-section of a cotton fiber with silver nanoparticles (black dots) trapped inside it. (phys.org)
  • Scientists at the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) Southern Regional Research Center (SRRC) in New Orleans, Louisiana, have developed a method to trap silver nanoparticles inside cotton fibers , where they remain wash after wash. (phys.org)
  • In the new technology, the silver nanoparticles are produced within the cotton fibers, making their application more effective and affordable. (phys.org)
  • Silver nanoparticles slowly release silver ions that can kill more than 600 kinds of bacteria, including E. coli, says Nam, who works in the SRRC Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research Unit. (phys.org)
  • The problem has been that currently available methods could only apply silver nanoparticles to the surface of fibers, where they would wash away. (phys.org)
  • Our new process grows and traps the silver nanoparticles inside cotton fibers," Nam says. (phys.org)
  • In a recent study published in Scientific Reports , Nam and ARS postdoctoral research chemist Krystal Fontenot showed that even after 50 home laundering cycles, their silver-cotton nanocomposite fiber retained about 93 percent antimicrobial silver nanoparticles and continued to kill harmful bacteria. (phys.org)
  • Scanning electron microscope image of a cotton fiber treated with silver nanoparticles. (nisenet.org)
  • Morphological analysis revealed a reduction of the fibers diameter and a decrease of their length as a consequence of the hydrolysis. (springer.com)
  • A Gly65Val substitution in an actin, GhACT_LI1, disrupts cell polarity and membrane anchoring of F-actin resulting in dwarf, lintless Li1 cotton plants. (usda.gov)
  • Also provided by the invention are tissue cultures of the cotton variety 04T048 and the plants regenerated therefrom. (google.com)
  • Still further provided by the invention are methods for producing cotton plants by crossing the cotton variety 04T048 with itself or another cotton variety and plants produced by such methods. (google.com)
  • Moreover, some of the PMEs showed fiber predominant expression in secondary wall thickening indicating tissue-specific expression patterns. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Real-time PCR and in situ analysis showed that GaMYB2 is predominantly expressed early in developing cotton fibers. (plantcell.org)