Cotton Fiber: A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.Gossypium: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Ovule: The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Cell Enlargement: Growth processes that result in an increase in CELL SIZE.Nerve Fibers: Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Glycomics: The systematic study of the structure and function of the complete set of glycans (the glycome) produced in a single organism and identification of all the genes that encode glycoproteins.Sigmodontinae: A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Byssinosis: A condition of BRONCHOCONSTRICTION resulting from hypersensitive reaction to inhaled dust during the initial processing of cotton, flax, or hemp in the textile industry. Symptoms include wheezing and tightness in the chest.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.RNA, Plant: Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Glucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Muscle Fibers, Skeletal: Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.Glucans: Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.TextilesClothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Nanoparticles: Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.BookbindingFlame Retardants: Materials applied to fabrics, bedding, furniture, plastics, etc. to retard their burning; many may leach out and cause allergies or other harm.Carmine: Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.Rubia: A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. The root is a source of red dyes (madder color and 1,2,4-trihydroxy-9,10-anthracenedione) and ANTHRAQUINONES.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Corchorus: A plant genus of the family TILIACEAE. Members contain cycloartane saponins and CARDENOLIDES.Capillaries: The minute vessels that connect the arterioles and venules.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Anthocyanins: A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.Oxylipins: Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.Cyclopentanes: A group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C5H9.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Wool: The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.Polystyrenes: Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.Ribonucleoprotein, U4-U6 Small Nuclear: A nuclear RNA-protein complex that plays a role in RNA processing. In the nucleoplasm, the U4-U6 snRNP along with the U5 snRNP preassemble into a single 25S particle that binds to the U1 and U2 snRNPs and the substrate to form mature SPLICEOSOMES. There is also evidence for the existence of individual U4 or U6 snRNPs in addition to their organization as a U4-U6 snRNP.

Molecular characterization of the cotton GhTUB1 gene that is preferentially expressed in fiber. (1/154)

Each fiber of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is a single epidermal cell that rapidly elongates to 2.5 to 3.0 cm from the ovule surface within about 16 d after anthesis. A large number of genes are required for fiber differentiation and development, but so far, little is known about how these genes control and regulate the process of fiber development. To investigate gene expression patterns in fiber, a cDNA, GhTUB1, encoding beta-tubulin was isolated from a cotton fiber cDNA library. The analyses of RNA northern-blot hybridization and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that GhTUB1 transcripts preferentially accumulated at high levels in fiber, at low levels in ovules at the early stage of cotton boll development, and at very low levels in other tissues of cotton. The corresponding GhTUB1 gene including the promoter region was isolated by screening a cotton genomic DNA library. To demonstrate the specificity of the GhTUB1 promoter, the 5'-flanking region including the promoter and 5'-untranslated region was fused with the beta-glucuronidase reporter gene. The expression of the reporter chimera was examined in a large number of transgenic cotton plants. Histochemical assays demonstrated that GhTUB1::beta-glucuronidase fusion genes were expressed preferentially at high levels in fiber and primary root tip of 1- to 3-d-old seedlings and at low levels in other tissues such as ovule, pollen, seedling cotyledon, and root basal portion. The results suggested that the GhTUB1 gene may play a distinct and required role in fiber development. In addition, the GhTUB1 promoter may have great potential for cotton improvement by genetic engineering.  (+info)

A new model for the immobilization of the rat hind limb. (2/154)

An alternative device for the immobilization of the hind limb of the rat was developed to study the effects of chronic disuse on the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles, maintained for 3 weeks in the shortening and the stretching positions, respectively. The proposed device is made of steel mesh and cotton materials, and has some advantages when compared to cast or plaster cast: it is cheaper, lighter (12 g or 4% of the body weight of the rat) and the same unit can be easily adjusted and used several times in the same animal or in animals of similar size. Immobilization is also useful to restrain the movements of the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Male rats (291 +/- 35 g and aged 14 +/- 2 weeks) were used to develop and test the model. The soleus muscle of 18 rats was maintained in a shortened position for 21 consecutive days and lost 19 +/- 7% of its length (P = 0.008) and 44 +/- 6% of its weight (P = 0.002) compared to the contralateral intact muscle. No difference (P = 0.67) was found in the stretched tibialis anterior of the same hind limb when compared to the contralateral muscle. No ulcer, sore or foot swelling was observed in the animals. Immobilization was effective in producing chronic muscle disuse in the hind limbs of rats and is an acceptable alternative to the traditional methods of immobilization such as cast or plaster cast.  (+info)

A longitudinal observation of early pulmonary responses to cotton dust. (3/154)

AIMS: To examine early adverse pulmonary effects of exposure to cotton dust, and to identify potential risk factors, including atopy for pulmonary responses to cotton dust. METHODS: Spirometry, methacholine challenge testing, and questionnaire; performed among 101 non-smoking newly hired textile workers at baseline (prior to starting work), and at 3, 12, and 18 months after starting work. Concentrations of airborne cotton dust in various work areas were measured at each follow up survey using vertical elutriators. RESULTS: The incidence of non-specific respiratory symptoms was 8% at three months, then diminished afterwards. Substantial acute cross shift drops in FEV(1) at each follow up survey, and longitudinal declines in FVC and FEV(1) after 12 months of exposure were observed. Airway responsiveness to methacholine increased with follow up time, and was more pronounced among atopics. Increasing airway responsiveness was strongly correlated with cross shift drops in FEV(1). In addition, one or more respiratory symptoms at three months was significantly, and pre-existing atopy marginally significantly, associated with cross shift drops in FEV(1) after adjusting for other covariates and confounders. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that non-specific respiratory symptoms, decreasing lung function, and increasing airway responsiveness are early pulmonary responses to cotton dust. In addition, the occurrence of respiratory symptoms and increasing airway responsiveness, as well as atopy, may be important predictors for acute changes in lung function among cotton textile workers.  (+info)

Suppression of sucrose synthase gene expression represses cotton fiber cell initiation, elongation, and seed development. (4/154)

Cotton is the most important textile crop as a result of its long cellulose-enriched mature fibers. These single-celled hairs initiate at anthesis from the ovule epidermis. To date, genes proven to be critical for fiber development have not been identified. Here, we examined the role of the sucrose synthase gene (Sus) in cotton fiber and seed by transforming cotton with Sus suppression constructs. We focused our analysis on 0 to 3 days after anthesis (DAA) for early fiber development and 25 DAA, when the fiber and seed are maximal in size. Suppression of Sus activity by 70% or more in the ovule epidermis led to a fiberless phenotype. The fiber initials in those ovules were fewer and shrunken or collapsed. The level of Sus suppression correlated strongly with the degree of inhibition of fiber initiation and elongation, probably as a result of the reduction of hexoses. By 25 DAA, a portion of the seeds in the fruit showed Sus suppression only in the seed coat fibers and transfer cells but not in the endosperm and embryo. These transgenic seeds were identical to wild-type seeds except for much reduced fiber growth. However, the remaining seeds in the fruit showed Sus suppression both in the seed coat and in the endosperm and embryo. These seeds were shrunken with loss of the transfer cells and were <5% of wild-type seed weight. These results demonstrate that Sus plays a rate-limiting role in the initiation and elongation of the single-celled fibers. These analyses also show that suppression of Sus only in the maternal seed tissue represses fiber development without affecting embryo development and seed size. Additional suppression in the endosperm and embryo inhibits their own development, which blocks the formation of adjacent seed coat transfer cells and arrests seed development entirely.  (+info)

Additive effect of smoking and cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of cotton textile workers. (5/154)

One hundred and sixty-nine and 175 cotton textile workers (CTWs) were enrolled in the first (1991) and second (1996) surveys to investigate the prevalence of byssinosis. The synergistic effect of smoking on cotton dust exposure was also evaluated. Although the difference in prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function between the first (38.5%) and second study (38.9%) was not statistically significant, smokers had significantly higher frequency than nonsmokers in both surveys. A significant trend existed between the cotton dust levels and the frequency of abnormal lung function. The significant trend was also noted in both smokers and nonsmokers. The frequency of respiratory symptoms and the prevalence of severe byssinosis in the second survey (14.9% and 12.6%, respectively) were significantly lower than that in the first survey (39.7% and 21.9%, respectively). The reduction of symptoms was due to remodeling of this old cotton mill. The prevalences of respiratory symptoms and byssinosis in smokers being significantly higher than in nonsmokers only found in the first survey, but not found in the second survey. These results indicate that smoking potentiates the effect of cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and byssinosis. The second study reveals high prevalence of byssinosis still existed in Taiwanese cotton mill, although the prevalence was declining. Smoking was found to show an additive effect on cotton dust exposure. Anti-smoking campaign, occupational health program to reduce the dust exposure, and periodical medical examination are measures to prevent from byssinosis.  (+info)

Isolation and analyses of genes preferentially expressed during early cotton fiber development by subtractive PCR and cDNA array. (6/154)

Cotton fibers are differentiated epidermal cells originating from the outer integuments of the ovule. To identify genes involved in cotton fiber elongation, we performed subtractive PCR using cDNA prepared from 10 days post anthesis (d.p.a.) wild-type cotton fiber as tester and cDNA from a fuzzless-lintless (fl) mutant as driver. We recovered 280 independent cDNA fragments including most of the previously published cotton fiber-related genes. cDNA macroarrays showed that 172 genes were significantly up-regulated in elongating cotton fibers as confirmed by in situ hybridization in representative cases. Twenty-nine cDNAs, including a putative vacuolar (H+)-ATPase catalytic subunit, a kinesin-like calmodulin binding protein, several arabinogalactan proteins and key enzymes involved in long chain fatty acid biosynthesis, accumulated to greater than 50-fold in 10 d.p.a. fiber cells when compared to that in 0 d.p.a. ovules. Various upstream pathways, such as auxin signal transduction, the MAPK pathway and profilin- and expansin-induced cell wall loosening, were also activated during the fast fiber elongation period. This report constitutes the first systematic analysis of genes involved in cotton fiber development. Our results suggest that a concerted mechanism involving multiple cellular pathways is responsible for cotton fiber elongation.  (+info)

The cotton kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein associates with cortical microtubules in cotton fibers. (7/154)

Microtubules in interphase plant cells form a cortical array, which is critical for plant cell morphogenesis. Genetic studies imply that the minus end-directed microtubule motor kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) plays a role in trichome morphogenesis in Arabidopsis. However, it was not clear whether this motor interacted with interphase microtubules. In cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fibers, cortical microtubules undergo dramatic reorganization during fiber development. In this study, cDNA clones of the cotton KCBP homolog GhKCBP were isolated from a cotton fiber-specific cDNA library. During cotton fiber development from 10 to 21 DPA, the GhKCBP protein level gradually decreases. By immunofluorescence, GhKCBP was detected as puncta along cortical microtubules in fiber cells of different developmental stages. Thus our results provide evidence that GhKCBP plays a role in interphase cell growth likely by interacting with cortical microtubules. In contrast to fibers, in dividing cells of cotton, GhKCBP localized to the nucleus, the microtubule preprophase band, mitotic spindle, and the phragmoplast. Therefore KCBP likely exerts multiple roles in cell division and cell growth in flowering plants.  (+info)

Cotton Bezoar--a rare cause of intestinal obstruction: case report. (8/154)

BACKGROUND: Bezoars usually present as a mass in the stomach. The patient often has a preceding history of some psychiatric predisposition. Presentation could be in the form of trichophagy followed by trichobezoar (swallowing of hair leading to formation of bezoar), orphytobezoar (swallowing of vegetable fibres). Rapunzel syndrome is a condition where the parent bezoar is in the stomach and a tail of the fibres or hair extends in to the jejunum. Presentation as intestinal obstruction due to a bezoar in the intestine without a parent bezoar in the stomach is rare, therefore we report it here. CASE REPORT: A 35 year old lady tailor with a previous history of receiving treatment for depression on account of being infertile- years after her marriage, presented to the surgical emergency department with features of acute intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy and enterotomy revealed a cotton bezoar in the terminal ileum without a parent bezoar in the stomach. She was managed by resection of the affected segment of the ileum and end-to-end anastomosis of the bowel. In the postoperative period the patient gave a history of ingesting cotton threads whenever she was depressed. CONCLUSION: Presence of cotton bezoar is rare and an intestinal bezoar in the absence of parent bezoar in the stomach is still rarer.  (+info)

*Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory

... seed shattering and cotton fiber qualities. PGML has led in the sequencing of the sorghum genome and the cotton genome. "Genome ... Research focuses on the study of major crop species such as sorghum and cotton, as well as other species such as Bermuda Grass ...

*Arabinogalactan protein

"Glycoproteome of elongating cotton fiber cells". Molecular & Cellular Proteomics. 12 (12): 3677-89. doi:10.1074/mcp.M113.030726 ... have revealed the presence of N-linked glycans as well within this protein family isolated from elongating cotton fiber cells. ...

*Science and technology in Uzbekistan

... stronger cotton fiber". ScienceDaily. ... impact on the global cotton industry and help cotton farmers ... The country is more or less self-sufficient in oil and natural gas and is a major exporter of cotton. Against a background of ... by the International Cotton Advisory Committee for a 'gene knockout technology'' he had developed with biologists from the ...


Cotton fiber grows attached to cotton plant seeds. Other seed fibers are from kapok and milkweed. Many important nonfood oils ... Other seeds that contain poisons include annona, cotton, custard apple, datura, uncooked durian, golden chain, horse-chestnut, ... In the latter example these hairs are the source of the textile crop cotton. Other seed appendages include the raphe (a ridge ...

*Traditional fishing tackle of Central India

This is gill net made up of synthetic fibers. Initially the cotton fibers were in use. The length, width and mesh size is ... To these sticks, nylon mesh is tightly attached (initially instead of nylon threads fiber from the boyal tree were in use). ... initially instead of nylon threads fiber made up of the boyal tree were in use). This is a passive method of fishing. Virtually ...


The warp threads were of cotton fibers; the weft consisted of twisted paper.. ... Sufu was a wartime material used briefly in Japan during World War II when cotton and other woven materials were scarce. It was ... an inexpensive, ersatz cloth made of wood fibers, basically cellulose, that disintegrated after three or four washings and was ...

*Arches paper

Arches watercolor papers are mould-made with 100% cotton fiber. The papers are acid-free, pH-neutral, gelatin-sized, and air- ...

*Indigo dye

... so the Japanese began to import and plant cotton. It was difficult to dye the cotton fiber except with indigo. Even today ... The primary use for indigo is as a dye for cotton yarn, which is mainly for the production of denim cloth for blue jeans. On ...


This barkcloth is usually made of densely woven cotton fibers. Historically, the fabric has been used in home furnishings, such ... Barkcloth-style botanical pattern on skirt-weight cotton fabric. 1950s barkcloth table cloth with botanical design. Cedar bark ... more flowing fabric than the stiffer all-cotton rhino cloth or standard barkcloth. A Hibiscus flower pattern on barkcloth. ...

*Economy of Turkmenistan

The top exports are gas, crude oil, petrochemicals, textiles and cotton fiber. Most of these exports will end up in China 70%, ... As during the Soviet era, cotton is the dominant agricultural commodity because it is an export staple. However, in recent ... Regarding agriculture, the two largest crops are cotton, most of which is produced for export, and wheat, which is domestically ... Turkmenistan is among the top ten producers of cotton in the world. From 1998 to 2005, Turkmenistan suffered from the continued ...

*Kenya-Mexico relations

... cotton fibers, tea and leather. Kenya is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, DC, United States. Mexico has an ...

*Opata people

Opata women were skilled weavers and wove dyed and full-length colorful cotton fiber dresses. Men generally dressed more ... Maize, beans, squash, and cotton were the principal crops. Due to the scarcity and irregularity of rainfall, the Opata ... and cotton. The Jova, however, were a more dispersed people, living in more rugged terrain, and depended more on hunting and ...

*Undecaprenyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase

Sources of this enzyme includes Micrococcus luteus, Phaseolus aureus, Mycobacterium smegmatis and cotton fibers. Lahav M, Chiu ...

*Manufacturing in Chad

Cotton fiber production by Cotontchad, which directly reflected production of raw cotton, fell sharply in 1985. This decline ... The restrictions imposed on the production of ginned cotton fiber, however, reduced by half the number of ginning mills, with ... By 1986 the ripple effect of these lost revenues in the cotton sector was widespread. The downturn in production in all ... Other industries were affected directly by the fall of cotton prices. STT textile production slowed, as did the production of ...


... paper is relatively durable and lightweight due to its high content of cotton fibers. Because of these attributes and ...

*SWEET transporters

"Identification of differentially expressed genes associated with cotton fiber development in a chromosomal substitution line ( ...


Cotton fiber is birefringent because of high levels of cellulosic material in the fiber's secondary cell wall. Polarized light ... Inevitable manufacturing imperfections in optical fiber leads to birefringence, which is one cause of pulse broadening in fiber ... due to stress applied to the optical fiber and/or due to bending of the fiber. Birefringence is intentionally introduced (for ... Cotton-Mouton effect Crystal optics Dichroism John Kerr Periodic poling Pleochroism Although related, note that this is not the ...

*Agriculture in Burundi

Other export crops are cotton and tea. Seed cotton production was 3,000 tons, and cotton fiber production (after ginning) was ... Tea exports in 2004 of 753 tons represented 3 percent of total exports; the government has been encouraging cotton and tea ...

*Elyor Ganiyev

Uzbekistan aims to produce over 1 mln tonnes of cotton fiber in 2007 Yarns and Fibers "Archived copy". Archived from the ... in the International Uzbek Cotton Fair in Tashkent that Uzbekistan is expected to produce over 1 million tons of cotton fibers ...

*Sales tax token

Tax tokens were issued in a variety of materials, including cardboard, brass, bronze, aluminum, pressed cotton fiber, and ...


"Mongolian cotton fiber body armour". L. Bobrov and Y. Hudyakov in their "Late Medieval Central Asian Warrior's Protective Gear ... Some descriptions also mention cotton wool padding. There were also brigandine helmets called "kuyak hats" that used the same ... padded with cotton wool and reinforced with small iron plates, which are fixed by small "nails" (rivets). Depiction and ...

*1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase

"1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase 2 is phosphorylated by calcium-dependent protein kinase 1 during cotton fiber ... "1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase 2 is phosphorylated by calcium-dependent protein kinase 1 during cotton fiber ...

*United States dollar

Today, USD notes are made from cotton fiber paper, unlike most common paper, which is made of wood fiber. U.S. coins are ...


... bundles of fiber have the appearance of blonde hair, hence the description "flaxen" hair. It is stronger than cotton fiber, but ... Flax fiber is extracted from the bast beneath the surface of the stem of the flax plant. Flax fiber is soft, lustrous, and ... Flax fibers are used to make linen. The Latin species name usitatissimum means "most useful". Flax fibers are taken from the ... The use of flax fibers dates back tens of thousands of years; linen, a refined textile made from flax fibers, was worn widely ...

*Ruth R. Benerito

Cotton is composed of a material called cellulose. Like synthetic nylon and polyester fibers, cellulose is a polymer; that is, ... She discovered a way to treat cotton fibers so that the chainlike cellulose molecules were joined together chemically. This ... It was first thought that crosslinking was making the cotton fabric wrinkle resistant by strengthening its fibers, but the ... while she was researching cotton fibers, Benerito taught classes part-time at Tulane University and at the University of New ...


... a unit of measure for cotton fiber Neon, a chemical element with symbol Ne Inequality operator, a term used in programming ...
Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling has been well studied in Arabidopsis. Most reports focus on the role of JA in biological pathways, such as stress resistance, trichome initiation and anthocyanin accumulation. The JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) protein is one of the important repressors in the JA signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that JA functions in fiber initiation and elongation, but little is known about how JAZ genes function in fiber development. In this study, a cotton JAZ protein (GhJAZ2) containing a highly conserved TIFY motif and a C-terminal Jas domain was identified, and its function during cotton fiber development was analysed. Gene expression analysis showed that GhJAZ2 was preferentially expressed in the root, hypocotyl, flower and ovule 1 day before anthesis. Overexpression of GhJAZ2 inhibited both lint and fuzz fiber initiation, and reduced the fiber length. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that GhJAZ2 interacted with the R2R3-MYB transcription factors GhMYB25-like and GhGL1, the bHLH
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Cotton fibre is mainly composed of cellulose, although non-cellulosic polysaccharides play key roles during fibre development and are still present in the harvested fibre. This study aimed at determining the fate of non-cellulosic polysaccharides during cotton textile processing. We analyzed non-cellulosic cotton fibre polysaccharides during different steps of cotton textile processing using GC-MS, HPLC and comprehensive microarray polymer profiling to obtain monosaccharide and polysaccharide amounts and linkage compositions. Additionally, in situ detection was used to obtain information on polysaccharide localization and accessibility. We show that pectic and hemicellulosic polysaccharide levels decrease during cotton textile processing and that some processing steps have more impact than others. Pectins and arabinose-containing polysaccharides are strongly impacted by the chemical treatments, with most being removed during bleaching and scouring. However, some forms of pectin are more ...
Drought is a major environmental stress that reduces cotton yield and fiber quality. Due to the inherent difficulties of studying fiber tissue and the lack of markers to monitor the fiber development, little is known about the molecular processes that are critical to the formation of high quality fiber and the association of these processes with drought tolerance in cotton (their performance under drought). In 2011-2012, we studied the impacts of drought on fiber development and fiber quality traits, using transgenic cotton plants harboring a cellulose synthase A1 (CesA1) genepromoter and a GUS reporter construct. CesA1 is a critical gene for fiber secondary cell wall development. This promoter-reporter system allows us to monitor molecular changes inside fiber cell during fiber development. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and other instruments were employed to examine structural changes of fiber cell during secondary cell wall synthesis. Fiber quality traits of mature fibers were ...
Citation: Bowling, A.J., Vaughn, K.C., Turley, R.B. 2010. Polysaccharide and glycoprotein distribution in the epidermis of cotton ovules during early fiber initiation and growth. Protoplasma. 248:579-590. Interpretive Summary: Cotton is our most important fiber crop but little is known of the early events associated with fiber initiation and elongation. To investigate this, scientists in the Southern Weed Science Research Unit and Crop Genetics and Production Research Unit probed initiating cotton fibers with antibodies that recognize components of the cell wall. These studies indicate that cotton fibers are differentiated from adjacent non-fiber cells with respect to pectin and protein components as early as one day post the opening of the flower. From these data, we could predict the enzyme machinery responsible for the differentiation of the fiber cells from the non-fiber cells and will use these data to determine genes of importance in fiber development. Technical Abstract: The cotton fiber ...
The demand of high strength of cotton fibers has been increased dramatically with the advent of modern high speed spinning technology for producing yarn. Cotton fiber is a gigantic single cell which consists of almost pure cellulose.
|div|This product is grown and processed in the USA This raw cotton has been ginned, but has not been carded. There are cotton seeds and sometimes small pieces of the cotton plant mixed in. Raw cotton is often used for stuffing or cushioning when a less e
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Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of cotton fibers harvested at different stages of development were acquired using Universal Attenuated Total Reflectance FTIR (UATR-FTIR). The main goal of the study was to monitor cell wall changes occurring during different phases of cotton fiber development. Two cultivars of Gossypium hirsutum L. were planted in a greenhouse (Texas Marker-1 and TX55). O ...
Coked cotton fiber in a home may be from the top of an incondescent light bulb or a product of a fire where the amount of oxygen present is too low to oxidize the carbon in the fiber. In this case there were many such fibers as a result of a fire in the home. The wireing in this home was insulated with cotton/tar insulation and much of it burned in the area damaged by this fire ...
Evidence that high activity of vacuolar invertase Is required for cotton fiber and Arabidopsis root elongation through osmotic dependent and independent pathways, respectively
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A gin process control system including sensing stations for sensing the physical properties of cotton as it progresses through a gin. A moisture sensor determines, over a wide range of values, the amount of moisture in the cotton. A quality monitor determines the color of the cotton, color distribution, and the amount and type of trash or other impurities which may be entrained in the cotton. A micronaire unit determines both micronaire and cotton maturity. A fiber length tester provides information on the length distribution, breaking strength, and elongation of the cotton fibers. Cotton samples are gathered from the gin flow stream and presented to the sensing stations in a variety of manual, semi-automated, and automated fashions. In a fully automated unit, the sensing stations are connected directly to the gin. The sensing stations are also in communication with the gin process control system, which uses the data from the sensing stations to automatically control the operation of the gin. offers 896 mini cotton buds products. About 52% of these are casual dresses, 28% are plus size dress & skirts, and 24% are cotton bud. A wide variety of mini cotton buds options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.
sharecropping evolved, in which free black farmers worked on white-owned cotton plantations in return for a share of the profits (although in reality, the system was little changed from the days of slavery). Cotton plantations required vast labour forces to hand-pick cotton fibres, and it was not until the 1950s that reliable harvesting machinery was introduced into the South (prior to this, cotton-harvesting machinery had been too clumsy to pick cotton without shredding the fibres). During the early twentieth century, employment in the cotton industry fell as machines began to replace labourers, and as the Souths rural labour force dwindled during the First and Second World Wars. Today, cotton remains a major export of the southern United States, and a majority of the worlds annual cotton crop is of the long-staple American variety.. The cotton industry relies heavily on chemicals such as fertilizers and insecticides, although a very small number of farmers are moving towards an organic model ...
Place a glass full of water at a height of 1-2 inch. Place the other empty glass at lower level. Wet the cotton or jute string. Dip one of its end in the glass with water and leave the other end in the empty glass. Leave the setup undisturbed. After a few hours, you will find that most of the water has collected into the lower glass. ...
Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, renewable and environmentally friendly raw materials that can be converted into biofuels as an efficient alternative energy source. Sugar production is one of the key steps in converting biomass to fuels and chemicals. In order to enhance the accessibility of lignocellulosic biomass to catalytic enzyme, microorganism, and other types of catalysis during bioprocessing, the pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass is needed. To depolymerize the lignocellulosic materials, a 7% NaOH/12% urea solution was used. Selection of enzyme from Novozyme was performed, as a result, NS22074, a Cellulase complex was used throughout the research. Under the same reaction conditions, the treated cotton fibers were converted to glucose in almost 65% yield (based on 90% cellulose in cotton) within 2 hours at room temperature (22ºC); while the conversion for non-treated cotton fibers were only 20%. Different composition of NaOH/urea as the de-polymerization solutions were used and
Zock et al. (1995).; It has been known for years that dietary fat and cholesterol influence blood cholesterol concentrations. Extensive research has been done not only on fats as a class, but on individual fatty acids and their effects on blood lipid levels and lipoprotein concentration. The length of the chain and the degree of unsaturation of a particular fatty acid molecule contribute to the ability of the fatty acid to promote or delay the development of atherosclerosis. Scientists now agree that total dietary fat intake itself is a poor predictor of CHD risk (Nelson 1998). Small differences in fatty acid stmctures may have huge influences on their metabolic effect (Pederson 2001). For example, myristic acid (14:0) and palmitic acid (16:0) are potent cholesterol increasing fatty acids, while stearic acid (18:0) and oleic acid (cis 18:1) have no effect on semm cholesterol, and linoleic acid (18:2) decreases semm cholesterol (Pederson 2001). Laurate, myristate, and palmitate constitute the ...
Skc150 Silver Fiber Knitting Cotton Fabric for Underclothes picture from Suzhou Tek Silver Fiber Technology Co., Ltd. view photo of Fabric, Cotton Fabric, Knitted Fabric.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Skc150 Silver Fiber Knitting Cotton Fabric for Underclothes picture from Suzhou Tek Silver Fiber Technology Co., Ltd. view photo of Fabric, Cotton Fabric, Knitted Fabric.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Increased mechanical stability: With new products, such as Synthec and Diamone Composite, banknote manufacturers have gone a step further and responded to the growing demand for higher mechanical stability of the paper-because the longer a banknote stays in circulation, the limper it becomes and the more easily it tears. Synthec substrate, for example, consists of 80 percent cotton fiber and 20 percent synthetic fiber, with the latter being longer and more flexible than the former. The synthetic fibers constitute a dense network within the cotton fiber structure, supporting the banknote like a kind of corset and increasing its mechanical stability. This practically doubles the useful life of the product. Synthec is much less sensitive to climate fluctuations than standard banknote paper. The synthetic fibers are incorporated in the banknote substrate at the sheet formation stage. This has the advantage that all established security features-such as three dimensional watermarks, fluorescent ...
The orthopaedic padding is manufactured from white, odourless woven cotton fibres or from a mixture of woven cotton fibres and thin non-woven polyethylene fibres. It is soft, light and provided with excellent ventilation features which guarantee maximum comfort during use and excellent padding of the cast in order to prevent the skin from itching and infection.. ...
Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for thousands of years. During the Industrial Revolution Eli Whitney patented the first waster-powered cotton gin. This revolutionary new machine allowed daily output to increase by over 5,ooo%. Wash and wear finish for a cotton fabric is necessary to make it crease-free or wrinkle-free. In a similar way, mercerising, singeing, flame retardant, water repellent, waterproof, and anti-static finishing achieve various fabric properties desired by consumers. Finished Product Cotton fabrics consist mainly of terry cloth (towels and robes), denim (jeans), cambric (work uniforms), corduroy, seersucker, and cotton twill (commonly used in the place of denim). Non-textile items include fishing nets, coffee filters, paper, and bookbinding. Caring for your cotton is important, yet simple. Machine-wash and dry apparel; steam- or dry-clean - with caution - furnishings. In todays world, we use cotton more the any other fiber. ...
Natural fiber composites are known to have lower mechanical properties than glass or carbon fiber reinforced composites. The hybrid natural fiber composites prepared in this study have relatively good mechanical properties. Different combinations of woven and non-woven flax fibers were used. The stacking sequence of the fibers was in different orientations, such as 0°, +45°, and 90°. The composites manufactured had good mechanical properties. A tensile strength of about 119 MPa and Youngs modulus of about 14 GPa was achieved, with flexural strength and modulus of about 201 MPa and 24 GPa, respectively. For the purposes of comparison, composites were made with a combination of woven fabrics and glass fibers. One ply of a glass fiber mat was sandwiched in the mid-plane and this increased the tensile strength considerably to 168 MPa. Dynamic mechanical analysis was performed in order to determine the storage and loss modulus and the glass transition temperature of the composites. ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures Foreign Agricultural Service today issued updated instructions to U.S. exporters who may apply for coverage on sales of U.S. cotton and products to be exported under the Commodity Credit Corporations (CCC) Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-102), Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-103) and the Supplier Credit Guarantee Program (SCGP).. Under CCCs Program Announcements reflecting country allocations for coverage on sales of U.S. cotton and products, such coverage is available on sales in any of the following forms: Upland or Pima cotton, bleached cotton, cotton motes, cotton linters, cotton linter pulp, or cotton sliver -- except where CCC may specifically announce exclusion of one or more of these forms.. This Notice is effective as of todays date and reflects CCCs interest in continuing to promote U.S. agricultural exports, changes in USDAs cotton classification procedures, and experience gained in performing price reviews required in ...
Clause 1, describes the global Fire Resistant Cotton market introduction, market overview, product image, market opportunities, market summary, market risk, development scope, global Fire Resistant Cotton market presence;. Clause 2 and 3 studies the key Fire Resistant Cotton market competitors, their sales volume, market profits and price of Fire Resistant Cotton in 2016 and 2017;. Clause 4,5 and 6, introduces the global Fire Resistant Cotton market by regions, with sales, market revenue, and share of Fire Resistant Cotton market for each region from 2017 to 2022;. Clause 7, conducts the region-wise study of the global Fire Resistant Cotton market based on the sales ratio in each region and market share from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 8 displays the market by type and application, with sales global Fire Resistant Cotton market share and growth rate by application, type, from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 9 and 10 describes the global Fire Resistant Cotton market prediction, by regions, application, and type ...
It has been estimated that hemp could be used to produce 25-50,000 products. SHOW PRODUCTS CHART. Here are a few: Textiles: Hemp fiber is one of the strongest natural fibers on earth. These fibers can be used to make a wide range of textile products, from fine linens to coarse canvas. In fact, the word canvas is derived from cannabis. In addition, hemp fiber is a perfect raw material for making rope, twine and other types of cordage. According to Pulp and Paper magazine, cotton is grown on approximately 3% of the worlds agricultural land, but accounts for 11-15% of agricultural chemical use. In the US, it accounts for 25-50% of chemical use. Hemp fibers are longer, stronger, more absorbent and more mildew-resistant than cotton fibers. A lightweight, more uniform hemp yarn is currently being developed, which would allow production of hemp T-shirts. At the same time, research is being conducted in Europe on hemp cottonization, an organic process that converts hemp fibers so they can be used in ...
Cotton sheeting made of cotton fibers bonded with exclusive Glazene finish 30 x 36 sheets for a leg wrap with high absorbency for use during treatment or shipping
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This specification covers one type of cotton fabric impregnated with a phenolic resin and supplied in the form of tubing. This tubing has been used typically for electrical insulation at low voltages and for protection from galvanic corrosion, but usage is not limited to such applications. This tubing has good machining qualities and good moisture resistance.. ...
MATRIX BIOLOGY EUROPE 2016; Athens, 2016-06-11-2016-06-14. Rønning, Sissel Beate; Carlson, Cathrine Rein; Høst, Vibeke; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Liland, Kristian Hovde; Stang, Espen; Kolset, Svein Olav; Christensen, Geir Arve; Pedersen, Mona Elisabeth. ...
The physiologically active pressure profile enhances circulation in the legs and ensures that they remain free and easy even when sitting or standing for prolonged periods. The high content of natural cotton fibres creates a stylish, elegant look.
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In the Ligon lab, we are interested in how cells function in the three-dimensional world. We study the internal structure of the cell, the cytoskeleton, and how it is organized to generate and maintain the complex 3D shape of differentiated cells. We also study how cells interact with their environment, in particular how cancer cells interact with the tissue surrounding the tumor, also known as the tumor microenvironment. We use a combination of live-cell imaging and other cell biological, biochemical and molecular techniques to examine cell structure, dynamics and function in the context of the living cell. Some cells, such as those of the nervous system, have elaborate three-dimensional shapes that are essential to their specialized activities. We study the microtubule cytoskeleton, a complex network of protein polymers that are essential to establish and maintain cell structure. Microtubules have several functions in the cell: they are mechanical and structural elements; they serve as tracks ...
Jones DT, Hutter B, Jäger N, Korshunov A, Kool M, Warnatz HJ, Zichner T, Lambert SR, Ryzhova M, Quang DA, Fontebasso AM, Stütz AM, Hutter S, Zuckermann M, Sturm D, Gronych J, Lasitschka B, Schmidt S, Seker-Cin H, Witt H, Sultan M, Ralser M, Northcott PA, Hovestadt V, Bender S, Pfaff E, Stark S, Faury D, Schwartzentruber J, Majewski J, Weber UD, Zapatka M, Raeder B, Schlesner M, Worth CL, Bartholomae CC, von Kalle C, Imbusch CD, Radomski S, Lawerenz C, van Sluis P, Koster J, Volckmann R, Versteeg R, Lehrach H, Monoranu C, Winkler B, Unterberg A, Herold-Mende C, Milde T, Kulozik AE, Ebinger M, Schuhmann MU, Cho YJ, Pomeroy SL, von Deimling A, Witt O, Taylor MD, Wolf S, Karajannis MA, Eberhart CG, Scheurlen W, Hasselblatt M, Ligon KL, Kieran MW, Korbel JO, Yaspo ML, Brors B, Felsberg J, Reifenberger G, Collins VP, Jabado N, Eils R, Lichter P, Pfister SM. Recurrent somatic alterations of FGFR1 and NTRK2 in pilocytic astrocytoma. Nat Genet. 2013 Aug; 45(8):927-32. PMID: 23817572; PMCID: PMC3951336. ...
A fire-retardant cotton ticking for matress, upholstery, blinds or curtains, Ticking fabric, ticking fabrics, cotton ticking, matress ticking, french ticking
Insights for cleaning professionals. Cleaning professional learning focus: natural fiber, floor pads and brushes, biodegradable cleaning products?
Manufactured from thick and %100 pure cotton fibres for reproducible results without any harm to the samples.. Offers high temperature resistance up to 550 °C , high mechanical strenght and excellent retention capacity.. Controlled dimentional accuracy guarantess excellent fitting to the extractors body. Also suitable for extrating solid or liquid samples from the gasses.. ...
CHAGAS NETO, Francisco Abaeté das et al. Imaging findings of abdominal gossypibomas. Radiol Bras [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.1, pp.53-58. ISSN 0100-3984. Gossypiboma is a term utilized to describe a mass developed from a matrix of cotton fibers surrounded by inflammatory granulomatous reaction. Its incidence is estimated at 0.15% to 0.2% of laparotomies. A foreign body within the abdominal cavity may provide a niche for proliferation of microorganisms, acting as primary focus for development of an abscess and peritonitis. Several studies have demonstrated the relevance of clinical correlation with the findings of different imaging methods (conventional radiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) in the diagnosis of gossypibomas. The present pictorial essay is aimed at demonstrating a series of typical cases of abdominal gossypibomas and illustrating the several presentations of such mass, with emphasis on ...
Norvasc being a long-acting calcium channel blocker is. Never try to compensate for the missed dose by taking a double dose together. Synthroid; Topamax.. can i take iodine with synthroid adderall and synthroid synthroid during pregnancy and autism purpose of synthroid taking synthroid and calcium together synthroid.. . sales synthroid and calcium interaction synthroid costs what are the side. can you take cytomel and synthroid together synthroid brand name vs.. Trend Tablet » TALENTS. I found out that the latex could get stuck into the cotton fibers and therefore « glue » them together. Calcium nitrate.synthroid pills dosage A propos de lauteur Sondage Seriez-vous prêts à ajouter vos propres parties commentées au site ? is it safe to buy. natural alternative for synthroid. together before. and calcium drug.When flying keep all taking synthroid and nexium together may. (Ferraccioli GF et al 2000 Caporali R. Large doses ...
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COLLEGE STATION - Texas cotton planting is expected to be down by as much as 25 percent from last year, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service state cotton specialist. In December, a National Cotton Council survey showed farmers intended cotton plantings in Texas for 2013 to be 4.9 million acres, down by about 25 percent from actual plantings in 2012 of 6.55 million acres, said Dr. Gaylon Morgan, AgriLife Extension state cotton specialist, College Station. Since then,
Accumulation of Genome-specific Transcripts, Transcription Factors and Phytohormonal Regulators During Early Stages of Fiber Cell Development In Allotetraploid ...
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7 R33 ? y«- $ / Red Cotton Night-Cap Country OR (L/urf mitr Sofocts BY ROBERT BROWNING LONDON SMITH, ELDER, & CO., 15 WATERLOO PLACE 1873 [The right of Translation is reserved} To Miss Thackeray , RED COTTON NIGHT-CAP COUNTRY TURF AND TOWERS I And so, here happily we meet, fair friend ! Again once more, as if the years rolled back And this our meeting-place were just that Rome Out in the champaign, say, oer-rioted By verdure, ravage, and gay winds that war Against strong sunshine settled to his sleep ; B RED COTTON NIGHT-CAP COUNTRY OR TURF AND TOWERS I And so, here happily we meet, fair friend ! Again once more, as if the years rolled back And this our meeting-place were just that Rome Out in the champaign, say, oer-rioted By verdure, ravage, and gay winds that war Against strong sunshine settled to his sleep ; B 2 RED COTTON NIGHT-CAP COUNTRY Or on the Paris Boulevard, might it prove, You and I came together saunteringly, Bound for some shop-front in the Place Vendome - Gold-smithy and ...
Great little lightweight cotton fabric cap. Wear it for sleep or for kicking back. Just what you need to fight off warm weather or those hot flash days. The front side of this is made from a soft, cotton fabric. The back panel is 95% cotton and 5% lycra. SIZE: All my hats are designed
Features.. 1) Cotton Fabric. 2) Two detachable cargo pockets included. 3) Multiple attachment points for key chains or other accessories. 4) Sewn-
PhytoGen brand W3FE varieties with WideStrike® 3 Insect Protection and the Enlist™ cotton trait helps growers protect yield and fiber quality potential at harvest.
The transfer of caducous bract (CB) trait from hexaploid to tetraploid cultivars and the fiber properties of the hexaploid cotton were studied. The purpose of the work was the ultimate development of a commercial cotton which would drop its bracts before the bolls opened. CB hexaploid cotton was developed by crossing Gossypium-hirsutum with Gossypium-armourianum. Three CB plants were isolated, two
Very little change could be noted as having taken place in the cotton market during the first year of the war. Towards its close prices went up a few points, and some far-seeing merchants purchased several thousand bales for the next rise. But with the advent of 1862 there came a rapid advance in value. This turn continued, and in the September of that year still tighter markets existed, the stocks of all qualities of cotton in the hands of Liverpool importers having fallen to 58,160 bales, against 880,680 bales held for the like date of 1861. At that time jute had gone up to 70 per cent. and flax 25 per cent. Then came the wildest speculation and the most absurd theories relative to substitutes for cotton. For a time these dreamy projects formed material for prosy leaders in the public papers, and ground-work for solemn platitudes in private circles. Every week brought out some strange proposition; but so bewildered by the utter stagnation of business were the people connected with the trade, ...
Best price in Australia on Naturepedic Quilted Organic Cotton Topper - 1 California King Topper from Find Quilted Organic Cotton Topper reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast and reliable shipping to the Australia. Quilted Organic Cotton Topper and other products by Naturepedic for all your health needs.
Bowles Farming Company exclusively farms Pimacott ELS Cotton, which is a high-end luxury cotton and the worlds first verifiable DNA-tracked Pima cotton.
Smallholder farmers in central and southern India who planted genetically modified cotton achieve larger yields, greater profits and a higher living standard than those who grow conventional cotton. The analysis showed that the yield of plots planted with Bt cotton increased by 24% compared with con...
UA Tactical Charged Cotton is built from 100% cotton to meet Department of Defense melt/drip requirements for the combat zone. This means it loses the elastane of our standard Charged Cotton but keeps the power to wick sweat and dry quickly
Hello,my sister was cleaning her ear with a cotton swab and some of the cotton got stuck in her ear and she is in really bad pain and we already tried hydrogen peroxide and it is still deep in there.Is there anyway you can help us out? Tha
Paper, film and board strength properties. Grammage, thickness, tear, tensile, bending resistance, burst, zero span, fibre strength, internal bond strength (Scott-Bond) MIT single fold, Schopper double fold, Box compression testing (BCT), Jog testing (mechanical and pneumatic), film puncture resistance. Paper surface properties. Surface friction, dynamic absorption testing (DAT, contact angle test), smoothness, Parker Print Surf (PSS), surface roughness (Bekk and Bendsten), surface and volume resistivity, TABER abrasion, peel strength, Stain length via IGT AIC2-5. Paper and board permeability and absorption properties. Air permeance (Bendsten, Gurley, Potts), water absorption via Cobb and Klemm techniques, water vapour transmission rate (MVTR).. Paper and film optical properties. Opacity, whiteness, brightness and colour via Lab co-ordinates, light fastness via Xenon chamber.. Paper print properties. ...
Dryer Maid Ball removes lint and pet hair from clothes, sheet and towels as they tumble in dryer and sends it to the lint trap for easy disposal! Cat...
GbML1 binds to the C terminal domain of GbMYB25. (Left) Diagram of different preys used in mapping the interaction part of GbMYB25. CTD, C terminal domain inclu
La nombroj en la linioj (65, 64, 63, ...) indikas, en kiom da vikipediaj versioj la artikolo ekzistis je la 26-a de marto 2010. (Se la programo bone funkciis...) La grasaj nombroj (1, 2, 3, ...) nombras la grupojn de po dudek linioj.. Bv. forstreki (ne forigi) la artikolon, kiam iom deca esperanto-versio ekzistas. Aldonu ligon kaj (ĝermo), kiam tio ekzistas. Bv. meti en la esperantlingvan artikolon ligojn al kelkaj alilingvaj VP-artikoloj kaj krome bv. meti en unu aŭ du alilingvajn versiojn la ligon al la E-lingva (la reston faros robotoj).. Notu ke artikoloj ne ĉiam estas perfekte ligitaj. Eble ne ekzistas la artikolo, kies titolo estas traduko de la nomo de la alilingva artikolo.. ...
Based on a report from STR, the forecast for 2013 is going to increase from the previous year. ADR is going to increase from $105.45 to $110.06, occupancy is going to increase from 60.4% to 60.7%, and RevPar is going to increase from $63.68 to $66.81 ...
of Cotton EAB Stretch Tape 1, Fabric Material: 100% cotton elastic fabric. 2, Normal Width: 5cm / 7.5cm / 10cm. 3, Normal Length: 4.5m. 4. Color Available: White (with yellow middle line), Tan (with red middle line). 5. Glue: Hot melt adhesive,...
Using carefully selected high-quality raw cotton, the 14-count thick combed yarn in this product was carefully knitted using the old-school circular knitting machine
Shop 55/45 Cotton Poly Twill BDU Jacket (Size: L) - Black Material: 55% Polyester / 45% Cotton Twill Blend Fabric Color: Black Size: Large (Please refer to size chart below) Manufacturer: Rothco / Fox (Digital Woodland & ACU only) Features: - Made to Rigid US Military Specifications - No Fa... , Tactical Gear/Apparel, Adult
Every month for 18 months you will receive enough fabrics for the blocks, sashing, and the border. We will stay within the same color way. We are offering this in all cottons or cotton with felted wools ...
Looking for Womens Ethnic Wear Poly Cotton Majanta Colour Saree With Blouse Piece (product Code - Round Square Majnata)? Buy it at Rs.1,097 from Rediff Shopping today! for Womens Ethnic Wear Poly Cotton Majanta Colour Saree With Blouse Piece (product Code - Round Square Majnata) & other Apparels, Accessories.
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At Gina Tricot, we want to ensure that the cotton used in our clothing has been acquired in a responsible way, with the lowest possible environmental impact. We want to make sure that the cotton comes from more sustainable sources.
As spring gets underway, so does the cotton planting season in key cotton-growing states. In a recent Cotton Farming magazine article, experts from across
Wilko Direct to Floor Cleaner Cotton 1L - Get clean, shiny floors the easy way with our Direct to Floor Cleaner Spray. Simply apply this easy and fast, ready- to-use floor cleaner directly to surfaces without adding water, then wipe with a sponge or mop. Its perfect for laminate, ceramic and washable or varnished wood floors, giving you a bright, clean house and leaving a fresh cotton scent.

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This sock spoils your feet with a premium composition of mercerised cotton. That creates the slightly shiny, silky look. The integrated filet appearance below the band also gives the sock a feminine lightness. Reinforced stress zones and the perfect FALKE fit guarantee optimum durability. Extra flat seams round off the unbeatable comfort. Its fine mesh structure makes FALKE Cotton Delight the perfect companion for luxurious business and leisure occasions.
JERRY COTTON (FI) i Tidningsarkivet. Ett digitalt arkiv för svenska tidningar och tidskrifter. Här finns bland annat omslag och innehållstexter för JERRY COTTON (FI).
Inspired by surf styles from the 60s and made from soft textured cotton, this tank top is the final ingredient in the recipe for a relaxed, easy summer. Cotton. Machine wash. Import. Select stores.
Cotton fever is a form of pulmonary infection which is often contracted by IV drug users who use cotton to filter their hits. It is most-likely caused b...
Cottons Hotel & Spa: Near to enjoying a cruise on dry land - See 1,037 traveller reviews, 185 candid photos, and great deals for Cottons Hotel & Spa at TripAdvisor.
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The Stone top features a hybrid construction using a Smart Blend COTTON fabric combining the soft comfort and moisture absorption of COTTON with
Verticillium wilt is a soil-borne disease that can cause devastating losses in cotton production. Because there is no effective chemical means to combat the disease, the only effective way to control Verticillium wilt is through genetic improvement. Therefore, the identification of additional disease-resistance genes will benefit efforts towards the genetic improvement of cotton resistance to Verticillium wilt. Based on screening of a BAC library with a partial Ve homologous fragment and expression analysis, a V. dahliae-induced gene, Gbvdr6, was isolated and cloned from the Verticillium wilt-resistant cotton G. barbadense cultivar Hai7124. The gene was located in the gene cluster containing Gbve1 and Gbvdr5 and adjacent to the Verticillium wilt-resistance QTL hotspot. Gbvdr6 was induced by Verticillium dahliae Kleb and by the plant hormones salicylic acid (SA), methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and ethephon (ETH) but not by abscisic acid (ABA). Gbvdr6 was localized to the plasma membrane. Overexpression of
The incidence of respiratory symptoms among workers occupationally exposed to cotton dust was studied. The cohort consisted of 973 female employees employed in cotton textile mills in China who responded to a survey about respiratory symptoms and occupational exposures. The highest dust exposure was reported by workers in production. A correlation was seen between the symptoms of cough, phlegm, sh
immune Uncategorized Nos1, UK-427857 jute is an important natural fiber crop of Southeast Asian countries including India, Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Myanmar etc. is an improvement over the other methods, particularly for bark tissue of field grown jute at advance developmental stage. Therefore, present study will enhance our ability to understand expression pattern of fiber formation and maturation related genes in mature bark tissue that holds key for much talked genetic manipulation of fiber quality via lignin optimisation in the crop. jute, Phloem fiber, Lignin, RNA, CCoAMT1 Introduction jute (L.) is an annual herbaceous dicot plant, belongs to family Malvaceae and mostly cultivated in Southeast Asian countries as a fiber crop. Besides, traditional applications in hessian and packaging industries, jute fiber valued for potential diversified industrial applications including yarn, ethanol and different grades of UK-427857 high quality pulp production (Rio et al. 2009). With the changing ...
Aphis gossypii Glover is a major pest of cotton and can severely affect cotton yield and lint quality. In this study, the efficacy of sulfoxaflor applied via drip irrigation and foliar spray on controlling cotton aphids was evaluated in 2016 and 2017 in Xinjiang, China. The distribution of sulfoxaflor in cotton roots, stems, leaves, and aphids, as well as its effects on two natural enemies of aphids, were also investigated. Results showed that sulfoxaflor applied through drip irrigation mainly concentrated in leaves and provided effective control of cotton aphids for 40 days, compared to 20 days when applied through foliar spray. Furthermore, drip application resulted in much lower sulfoxaflor concentrations in aphids than foliar spray. As a result, ladybird beetle and lacewing populations were higher in drip applied plants than in foliar sprayed plants. Additionally, the cost of drip irrigation was lower than foliar spray as cotton plants are commonly irrigated via drip irrigation in Xinjiang. Our
Article Wastewater Treatment Plants for the Textile Industry. The textile industry demands a significant amount of water , especially in the dyeing process, giving as result a complex wastewater that requires particular attention. Panta Rei has built...
1.Granules sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is made from natural cotton fibers, through etherification, purification, drying and granulation process. Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) appears to be white powder
INTRODUCTION A recent outbreak of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merril] bud blight in Wenscelau Braz County, State of Paraná, Brazil, may be an indication of the occurrence of a virus disease. The outbreak occurred in an area close to a region where the presence of Tobacco streak virus (TSV), family Bromoviridae, genus Ilarvirus, is historical. Preliminary evaluations using electron microscopy of infected leaves showed the presence of spherical particles. Additional studies proved that TSV was responsible for the problem. Although no resistance to this virus has been found in the soybean germplasm the disease has been controlled by delaying the sowing date (Almeida & Corso, 1991; Almeida et al., 1994). The TSV was identified in tobacco (Nicotiana tabaccum L.) plants in Brazil in 1940 (Costa, 1945), and it is currently known to infect several cash crops such as cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), soybean, peanut (Arachis hypogaea ...
We recently demonstrated that cotyledons of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings synthesize N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE), an unusual acylated derivative of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), during postgerminative growth (K.D. Chapman and T.S. Moore [1993] Arch Biochem Biophys 301: 21-)33). Here, we report the discovery of an acyltransferase enzyme, fatty acid: diacylphosphatidylethanolamine N-acyltransferase (designated NAPE synthase), that synthesizes NAPE from PE and free fatty acids (FFA) in cottonseed microsomes. [14C]NAPE was synthesized from [14C]palmitic acid and endogenous PE in a time-, pH-, temperature-, and protein concentration-dependent manner. [14C]Palmitic acid was incorporated exclusively into the N-acyl position of NAPE. [14C]palmitoyl coenzyme A (CoA) and [14C]-dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (PC) were poor acyl donors for the synthesis of NAPE (i.e. 200- and 3000-fold lower incorporation efficiency than palmitic acid, respectively). Synthesis of NAPE from ...

GhJAZ2 negatively regulates cotton fiber initiation by interacting with the R2R3-MYB transcription factor GhMYB25-like. -...GhJAZ2 negatively regulates cotton fiber initiation by interacting with the R2R3-MYB transcription factor GhMYB25-like. -...

Overexpression of GhJAZ2 inhibited both lint and fuzz fiber initiation, and reduced the fiber length. Yeast two-hybrid assays ... but little is known about how JAZ genes function in fiber development. In this study, a cotton JAZ protein (GhJAZ2) containing ... and its function during cotton fiber development was analysed. Gene expression analysis showed that GhJAZ2 was preferentially ... Our results suggested that GhJAZ2 functions as a primary transcription repressor during lint and fuzz fiber initiation by ...
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Patent US7709704 - Cotton variety 04T048 - Google PatentsPatent US7709704 - Cotton variety 04T048 - Google Patents

Still further provided by the invention are methods for producing cotton plants by crossing the cotton variety 04T048 with ... Provided by the invention are the seeds, plants, plant parts and derivatives of the cotton variety 04T048. Also provided by the ... itself or another cotton variety and plants produced by such methods. ... invention are tissue cultures of the cotton variety 04T048 and the plants regenerated therefrom. ...
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OSA | Propagation of polarized light through textile materialOSA | Propagation of polarized light through textile material

Experimental Forward-scattering Mueller Matrix of Cotton Fiber Assemblies with the Thickness of 2.0 mm (Denoted by M. (. 2.0. ) ... Taking cotton fiber assemblies as samples, the forward-scattering Mueller matrices are calculated theoretically through the AFS ... With these matrices polar-decomposed, a further discussion on the optical polarization properties of cotton fiber assemblies (i ... The fibers in textile material are generally anisotropic with axisymmetric structure. The formalism of anisotropic fiber ...
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jute | plant | Britannica.comjute | plant |

Because it is low-priced and adaptable, jute is second only to cotton in world consumption of natural fibers. India, Bangladesh ... Foremost among the commercial industrial crops is cotton. Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Punjab are the principal cotton-growing ... Burlap, low-grade twine, and many other products are made from a glossy fiber called jute, which comes from the jute plant. ...
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Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology: 1st Edition (Paperback) - RoutledgeCotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology: 1st Edition (Paperback) - Routledge

A key textile fiber for over 5000 years, this complex carbohydrate is also one of the leading crops to benefit from… ... Annual cotton production exceeds 25 million metric tons and accounts for more than 40 percent of the textile fiber consumed ... Tracing the conversion of cotton fibers from raw materials into marketable products, Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology ... GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF COTTON BIOSYNTHESIS OF COTTON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COTTON SOLVENTS FOR COTTON STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES ...
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Assessing cotton fiber quality from a tiny sample. At a time when there is an uptick in U.S. cotton exports, its not ... Nanotech transforms cotton fibers into modern marvel. Juan Hinestroza and his students live in a cotton-soft nano world, where ... This cotton candy machine has a higher calling than satisfying a sweet tooth. Its whipping up polymer fibers that may one day ... Wiping out bacteria with nanoparticle-cotton fibers. Silver has been used as an antimicrobial agent for more than 100 years. ...
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Glycoproteome of Elongating Cotton Fiber Cells | Molecular & Cellular ProteomicsGlycoproteome of Elongating Cotton Fiber Cells | Molecular & Cellular Proteomics

Glycoproteome of Cotton Fibers. Cotton fiber glycoproteins were enriched using Con A LAC and were identified using four ... A, Percentage distribution of the protein families in the cotton fiber glycoproteome. B, SDS-PAGE profile of cotton fiber ... 2001) Ovule fiber cell numbers in modern upland cottons. J. Cotton Sci. 5, 81-83. ... 1 and 2 dpa cotton ovules with fiber initials followed by photographic images of 5, 10, 15 and 20 dpa cotton ovules along with ...
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Wiping out bacteria with nanoparticle-cotton fibersWiping out bacteria with nanoparticle-cotton fibers

... July 4, 2017 Cross-section of a cotton fiber with silver nanoparticles ( ... "Our new process grows and traps the silver nanoparticles inside cotton fibers," Nam says. "They release their silver ions very ... Explore further: New treatments could reduce odors in cotton fabric More information: Sunghyun Nam et al. Silver-cotton ... The new technology also strengthened the cotton fibers.. This technology has many possible applications. For example, fabrics ...
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CA2221747A1 - Cotton fiber transcriptional factors 
      - Google PatentsCA2221747A1 - Cotton fiber transcriptional factors - Google Patents

Also provided is novel cotton having a cotton fiber which has a natural color introduced by the expression in the cotton fiber ... Cotton fiber cells having color produced by genetic engineering and cotton cells comprising melanin and indigo pigments are ... comprise a cotton fiber transcriptional initiation regulatory region associated with a gene which is expressed in cotton fiber ... a plant host to provide for modification of transcription of a DNA sequence of interest during various stages of cotton fiber ...
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Poly(lactic acid)/Cellulose Composites Obtained from Modified Cotton Fibers by Successive Acid Hydrolysis | SpringerLinkPoly(lactic acid)/Cellulose Composites Obtained from Modified Cotton Fibers by Successive Acid Hydrolysis | SpringerLink

This work is focused on the hydrolysis of cotton fibers from waste textiles to obtain micro and nanofibers to be used as ... Poly(lactic acid) Cellulose Cotton fibers Composites Hydrolyzed fibers This is a preview of subscription content, log in to ... hydrolyzed cotton fibers were surface modified with various silane compounds. Thus, these fibers were mixed with commercial ... This work is focused on the hydrolysis of cotton fibers from waste textiles to obtain micro and nanofibers to be used as ...
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Dimerization of cotton fiber cellulose synthase catalytic subunits occurs via oxidation of the zinc-binding domains | PNASDimerization of cotton fiber cellulose synthase catalytic subunits occurs via oxidation of the zinc-binding domains | PNAS

Native PAGE of Cotton Fiber Membrane Proteins.. Fibers from five 24-DPA locules (24 DPA) were extracted in 5 ml of ice-cold ... For cotton fibers at least, the H2O2 production that occurs during the onset of secondary wall formation (28) could create ... Our recent finding (I.K. and D.D., unpublished work) that GhCesA1 has a half-life in vivo in cotton fibers of less than 1 hr ... Elevation in H2O2 levels such as that occurring in vivo in cotton fibers (28) might be one means by which dimerization to ...
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Cotton: Fiber Report by Rebekah Wilmes on PreziCotton: Fiber Report by Rebekah Wilmes on Prezi

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants. The fiber ... Transcript of Cotton: Fiber Report. Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for ... Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds Cotton is a natural, cellulosic staple fiber. Staple fibers ... In todays world, we use cotton more the any other fiber. It has many uses and little is wasted. Cotton plays a key role in the ...
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Control of Plant Trichome Development by a Cotton Fiber MYB Gene | Plant CellControl of Plant Trichome Development by a Cotton Fiber MYB Gene | Plant Cell

R, roots; S, stems; L, leaves; O-0, 0-DPA ovules; F-3, 3-DPA fibers; F-6, 6-DPA fibers; F-9, 9-DPA fibers; F-12, 12-DPA fibers ... cotton fibers) that are an important commodity worldwide; however, genes controlling cotton fiber development have not been ... and their cotton homologs regulate RDL1 expression in cotton fiber cells.. Searching the database revealed three cotton MYBs ... First, it showed a clear binding activity to the cotton fiber-specific promoter RDL1 in yeast and, together with cotton HOX3, ...
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Impact of the Bijective Relationship between Single and Bundle Cotton Fibers in Cotton Breeding Programs | IntechOpenImpact of the Bijective Relationship between Single and Bundle Cotton Fiber's in Cotton Breeding Programs | IntechOpen

... three different types of cotton fibers were studied. These cottons were chosen from a list of 12 cottons covering a large panel ... Classifications per length classes and linear densities were done in order to have more precision and knowledge of cotton fiber ... ones by studying their relative behavior and the relationship between single and bundle cotton fibers (respectively, ... Quality of bundle fibers will be a good tool in predicting spinning performances and thus yarn quality. ...
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GbPDF1 Is Involved in Cotton Fiber Initiation via the Core cis-Element HDZIP2ATATHB2 | Plant PhysiologyGbPDF1 Is Involved in Cotton Fiber Initiation via the Core cis-Element HDZIP2ATATHB2 | Plant Physiology

... fiber weight/seed cotton weight), and the fibers were then sent to the Center of Cotton Fiber Quality Inspection and Testing, ... D, The mature fibers from RNAi-transformed cotton plants were shorter than control fibers. E, Measurement of fiber lengths ... which lacks fibers (Fig. 1C). These results indicate that GbPDF1 is highly expressed in cotton fibers during fiber initiation ... The elongation phase of cotton fiber development is the best-studied period. A recent review suggested that cotton fibers ...
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Comparative transcriptome analysis of TUCPs in Gossypium hirsutum Ligon-lintless-1 mutant and their proposed functions in...Comparative transcriptome analysis of TUCPs in Gossypium hirsutum Ligon-lintless-1 mutant and their proposed functions in...

However, the abundance of TUCP transcripts and their roles in Ligon-linless-1 ( Li-1) cotton... ... To examine the function of TUCP in cotton fiber development, it is important to identify TUCPs and their involvement in fiber ... Kohel RJ, Narbuth EV, Benedict CR (1992) Fiber development of Ligon lintless-2 mutant of cotton. Crop Sci 32:733-735 STCrossRef ... Wakelyn PJ, Bertoniere NR, French AD et al (2006) Cotton fiber chemistry and technology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, p 176CrossRef ...
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Fibers  | Free Full-Text | FT-IR Examination of the Development of Secondary Cell Wall in Cotton Fibers  | HTMLFibers | Free Full-Text | FT-IR Examination of the Development of Secondary Cell Wall in Cotton Fibers | HTML

Spectra of deuterated cotton fibers did not demonstrate significant changes in their O-H stretching band shapes or positions ... A progressive intensity increase for bands assigned to cellulose Iβ was observed during fiber development, including a marked ... The secondary cell wall development of cotton fibers harvested at 18, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36 and 40 days after flowering was ... Fibers were separated from the cotton seed by hand and allowed to dry at room temperature. Prior to fiber tests, fiber samples ...
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Fibers | Free Full-Text | Infrared Imaging of Cotton Fiber Bundles Using a Focal Plane Array Detector and a Single Reflectance...Fibers | Free Full-Text | Infrared Imaging of Cotton Fiber Bundles Using a Focal Plane Array Detector and a Single Reflectance...

Thus, imaging of cotton bundles with an infrared detector array has potential for use in cotton fiber examinations. ... Imaging studies were quick, relied on small amounts of sample and provided a distribution of the cotton fiber cell wall ... This technique reduced spectral noise and was employed to visualize cell wall development in cotton fibers bundles. Fourier ... of an infrared instrument equipped with a reflection accessory and an array detector system for the examination of cotton fiber ...
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Cotton Fiber Growth in Planta and in Vitro. Models for Plant Cell Elongation and Cell Wall Biogenesis | Plant PhysiologyCotton Fiber Growth in Planta and in Vitro. Models for Plant Cell Elongation and Cell Wall Biogenesis | Plant Physiology

ADVANTAGES OF COTTON FIBER DEVELOPMENT IN VITRO. One of the most significant benefits for using cotton fiber as a model system ... LIMITATIONS OF THE COTTON FIBER MODEL SYSTEM. Despite many advantages that cotton fiber offers as a model for studying plant ... Unlike many plant secondary cell walls, the cotton fiber wall contains no lignin. Typical of many plant cells, cotton fibers ... ADVANTAGES OF COTTON FIBER DEVELOPMENT IN PLANTA. The economically important seed trichomes of Gossypium hirsutum, the cotton ...
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Genome-wide identification, phylogeny, and expression analysis of pectin methylesterases reveal their major role in cotton...Genome-wide identification, phylogeny, and expression analysis of pectin methylesterases reveal their major role in cotton...

... which forms the main structural material of cotton fiber. In this research, cotton genome information was used to identify PMEs ... cotton species. Selective pressure analysis showed that the Ka/Ks value for each of the three cotton species PME families was ... This study provided an important basis for further research on the functions of cotton PMEs. Results from qRT-PCR indicated ... Moreover, some of the PMEs showed fiber predominant expression in secondary wall thickening indicating tissue-specific ...
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Cotton Fiber as CapillaryCotton Fiber as Capillary

Wet the cotton or jute string. Dip one of its end in the glass with water and leave the other end in the empty glass. Leave the ...
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Proteomic Profiles of Cotton Fiber Developmental Transition from Cell Elongation to Secondary Wall Deposition[v1] | PreprintsProteomic Profiles of Cotton Fiber Developmental Transition from Cell Elongation to Secondary Wall Deposition[v1] | Preprints

in 23-27 dpa of Gb, and noted that these cotton species indeed share fundamentally similar fiber development features under the ... Morphological dynamic analysis indicates that an asynchronous fiber developmental pattern between two cotton species. The ... To better understand fibers transitional development, we comparatively analyzed those DEPs in 19-23 dpa of Gh vs. ... Overall, the present study provides accurate pictures of the regulatory networks of functional proteins during the fiber ...
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COTTON FIBER-SPECIFIC PROMOTER. Abstract. The present invention relates to the cotton actin gene CFACT1, and the fiber- ... developing cotton fibers. Plant Physiol.,. 121 (1) :181-8.. -26-WE CLAIM :. 1. A promoter that is cotton fiber-specific, ... The isolated promoter may be used in improving cotton fibers to create new cotton varieties with high fiber quality and yield ... Accordingly, one embodiment of the present invention is a promoter that is cotton fiber-specific obtained from the cotton fiber ...
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Cotton Fiber: Cultivation to Production - Textile LearnerCotton Fiber: Cultivation to Production - Textile Learner

Graph of World cotton area/World cotton yields/World cotton production/World cotton consumption [11] Graph of Cotton Prices ... Each cotton fiber is composed of concentric layers. The cuticle layer on the fiber itself is separable from the fiber and ... Fiber opening Results Visual assessment of the printed cotton sample:. Printed cotton sample were adjudge by the panel of 30 ... PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON FIBER LENGTH Fiber length is described [7] as "the average length of the longer one-half of the ...
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Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits | GeneticsEffects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits | Genetics

Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits. Sukumar Saha, Johnie N. Jenkins, ... Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits. Sukumar Saha, Johnie N. Jenkins, ... Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits. Sukumar Saha, Johnie N. Jenkins, ... Effects of Chromosome Specific Introgression in Upland Cotton on Fiber and Agronomic Traits ...
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  • The fibers in textile material are generally anisotropic with axisymmetric structure. (
  • The formalism of anisotropic fiber scattering (AFS) at oblique incidence is first deduced and then, based on this formalism and considered multiscattering, a polarization-dependent Monte Carlo method is employed to simulate the propagation of polarized light in textile material. (
  • Simultaneously, a meaningful comparison of both the matrices and their polar decomposition, generated from the simulations based on isotropic fiber scattering (IFS), with those simulated based on AFS is made. (
  • Fiber traits of few cotton species have been shown in Table 1 . (
  • The study findings may serve as a useful tool for comparative analysis of TUCP transcripts in cotton species and assist in selection of the applicable candidate genes for further functional analyses, genetic improvement and genetic engineering of cotton fiber development. (
  • Selective pressure analysis showed that the Ka/Ks value for each of the three cotton species PME families was less than one. (
  • Morphological dynamic analysis indicates that an asynchronous fiber developmental pattern between two cotton species. (
  • To better understand fibers transitional development, we comparatively analyzed those DEPs in 19-23 dpa of Gh vs. in 23-27 dpa of Gb, and noted that these cotton species indeed share fundamentally similar fiber development features under the biological processes. (
  • have been made 'in quality and yield of the fibers by means of classical breeding in the past decades, the potential for further improving fiber properties through classical breeding is limited due to requirements for species compatibility and available traits. (
  • Various theories have been advanced to explain the selective value of lint in the evolution of the species, but there is no convincing evidence that it is of any use to a cotton plant growing wild in its natural habitat (Munro, 1987). (
  • In the light of increased knowledge of the distribution and relationships of primitive cottons, Santhanam and Hutchinson (1974) reported that the Asiatic species and races probably differentiated before domestication. (
  • Linted cotton species have been used for cotton fabrics between 4000 and 3000 BC (Munro, 1987). (
  • Research focuses on the study of major crop species such as sorghum and cotton, as well as other species such as Bermuda Grass, Brassica and Peanut. (
  • The RIL population displayed a large variability for all major fiber traits. (
  • Most consistent meta-clusters were identified for fiber color on chromosomes c6, c8 and c25, fineness on c15, and fiber length on c3.Meta-analysis provided a reliable means of integrating phenotypic and genetic mapping data across multiple populations and environments for complex fiber traits. (
  • Approximately 25% of the ovular epidermal cells differentiate into the commercially important lint fibers. (
  • With each ovule supporting the growth of approximately 13,000 to 21,000 lint fiber cells, a single ovary contains about one-half million synchronously elongating cells representing a single plant cell type. (
  • The maturation phase of fiber development has not been investigated in detail largely due to low protein and nucleic acid recovery from cells encased in a thick secondary cell wall. (
  • Written by leading authorities in cotton chemistry and science, the book details fiber biosynthesis, structure, chemical composition and reactions, physical properties and includes information on biotech, organic, and colored cotton. (
  • We conclude that GbPDF1 plays a critical role together with interaction partners in hydrogen peroxide homeostasis and steady biosynthesis of ethylene and pectin during fiber development via the core cis-element HDZIP2ATATHB2. (
  • The binding activity between this cis-element and nuclear extracts from fiber-bearing cotton ovules at 5 d post anthesis was specific. (
  • Cotton fibers reach their final lengths around 21-35 days post-anthesis (DPA), depending on the genetic line and growing conditions [ 1 , 4 ]. (
  • To date, however, there have been no published reports showing nuclear degradation, vacuole rupture, or any of the other molecular and biochemical markers for programmed cell death in maturing cotton fiber. (
  • The R2R3 MYB transcription factor GhMYB109 is required for cotton fiber development. (
  • a treatment for cotton fabric and thread that gives fabric or yarns a lustrous appearance and strengthens them. (
  • In this chapter, we focus on the relationship between fibers' mechanical properties and yarns' ones by studying their relative behavior and the relationship between single and bundle cotton fibers (respectively, dispositions 1 and 2). (
  • Morphological analysis revealed a reduction of the fibers diameter and a decrease of their length as a consequence of the hydrolysis. (
  • Comparative analysis with other plant glycoproteomes highlighted the unique composition of the fiber glycoproteome. (
  • Cotton fiber's characterization is very complex and depends on the growing and harvesting conditions of the plant. (
  • Aslam U, Cheema HMN, Ahmad S et al (2016) COTIP: cotton TILLING platform, a resource for plant improvement and reverse genetic studies. (
  • Due to their length, ease of growth, and relative structural and biological simplicity, cotton fibers are particularly suitable for examining changes that occur during plant cell wall development. (
  • There are only a few cells in the plant kingdom that are as exaggerated in their size or composition as cotton fibers. (
  • Unlike many plant secondary cell walls, the cotton fiber wall contains no lignin. (
  • Typical of many plant cells, cotton fibers have a large central vacuole that becomes prominent quite early in development. (
  • Pectin is one of the important components of the plant cell wall, which forms the main structural material of cotton fiber. (
  • Elucidating the glycoproteome of fiber cells would reflect its wall composition as well as compartmental requirement, which must be system specific. (
  • The present study provides the first insight into the identity, abundance, diversity, and composition of the glycoproteome within single celled cotton fibers. (
  • Imaging studies were quick, relied on small amounts of sample and provided a distribution of the cotton fiber cell wall composition. (
  • A cotton MYB protein GaMYB2/Fiber Factor 1 transactivated the RDL1 promoter both in yeast and in planta. (
  • Progressive deletions of the GbPDF1 promoter showed that a 236-bp promoter fragment was sufficient for basal GbPDF1 transcription in cotton. (
  • This result, together with Northern blot analysis, indicates that the CFACT1 promoter is fiber-specific in cotton. (
  • Meanwhile, the expression of several genes related to ethylene and pectin synthesis or sugar transport during cotton fiber growth was found to be significantly reduced in the PDF1 -suppressed cotton. (
  • Pectin is an important component of cotton fiber and pectin metabolism may influence fiber quality. (
  • Expression levels of repre-sentative phenylpropanoid and pectin modification genes showed high correlations with specific fiber properties in an inter-specific cotton recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, supporting a role in determining fiber quality. (
  • Although commonly called fibers, the more botanically appropriate term is trichome, since these cells are not part of the vascular tissue and arise, instead, from the ovule epidermis. (
  • Our results showed that structural proteins like arabinogalactans and carbohydrate active enzymes were relatively more abundant and showed stage- and isoform-specific expression patterns in the differentiating fiber cell. (
  • Bolton JJ, Soliman KM, Wilkins T, Jenkins JN (2009) Aberrant expression of critical genes during secondary cell wall biogenesis in a cotton mutant, ligon lintless-1 (Li-1). (
  • Moreover, some of the PMEs showed fiber predominant expression in secondary wall thickening indicating tissue-specific expression patterns. (
  • These isolated genes may be considered as having potential application in cotton fiber improvement due to the character of their fiber-specific expression. (
  • 2016. "Infrared Imaging of Cotton Fiber Bundles Using a Focal Plane Array Detector and a Single Reflectance Accessory. (
  • These results further revealed that a great number of differentially expressed TUCP transcripts in cotton were identified at 8 DPA, followed by 0 DPA and stem. (
  • It's whipping up polymer fibers that may one day be a key ingredient in life-saving medical technologies. (
  • This work is focused on the hydrolysis of cotton fibers from waste textiles to obtain micro and nanofibers to be used as reinforcements in polymer composites. (
  • Tensile tests revealed that silanization treatments were able to increase the composite Young's modulus and the stress at break with respect to the neat matrix, indicating that silanization improved the polymer/fiber compatibility interfacial adhesion. (
  • The overall results demonstrated that applying suitable surface modification strategies, waste cotton textiles can be effectively recycled as fillers in polymer based composites. (
  • Overall, the present study provides accurate pictures of the regulatory networks of functional proteins during the fiber developmental transition. (
  • Web Note: We have previously seen reporting of poor genetically modified cotton quality arising from US agronomists in the field, not just from the textile industry as here. (
  • The protein family has been earlier reported to contain O-linked glycans, whereas recent efforts employing mass spectrometry have revealed the presence of N-linked glycans as well within this protein family isolated from elongating cotton fiber cells. (
  • -- Smarter, more functional clothing incorporating electronics may be possible in the near future, according to a study co-authored by Cornell fiber scientist Juan Hinestroza. (
  • Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology offers a modern examination of cotton chemistry and physics, classification, production, and applications. (
  • Infrared imaging is gaining attention as a technique used in the examination of cotton fibers. (
  • Herein, we report on the use of an infrared instrument equipped with a reflection accessory and an array detector system for the examination of cotton fiber bundles. (
  • Juan Hinestroza and his students live in a cotton-soft nano world, where they create clothing that kills bacteria, conducts electricity, wards off malaria, captures harmful gas and weaves transistors into shirts and dresses. (
  • A key textile fiber for over 5000 years, this complex carbohydrate is also one of the leading crops to benefit from genetic engineering. (