A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Growth processes that result in an increase in CELL SIZE.
Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The systematic study of the structure and function of the complete set of glycans (the glycome) produced in a single organism and identification of all the genes that encode glycoproteins.
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A condition of BRONCHOCONSTRICTION resulting from hypersensitive reaction to inhaled dust during the initial processing of cotton, flax, or hemp in the textile industry. Symptoms include wheezing and tightness in the chest.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.

Molecular characterization of the cotton GhTUB1 gene that is preferentially expressed in fiber. (1/154)

Each fiber of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is a single epidermal cell that rapidly elongates to 2.5 to 3.0 cm from the ovule surface within about 16 d after anthesis. A large number of genes are required for fiber differentiation and development, but so far, little is known about how these genes control and regulate the process of fiber development. To investigate gene expression patterns in fiber, a cDNA, GhTUB1, encoding beta-tubulin was isolated from a cotton fiber cDNA library. The analyses of RNA northern-blot hybridization and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that GhTUB1 transcripts preferentially accumulated at high levels in fiber, at low levels in ovules at the early stage of cotton boll development, and at very low levels in other tissues of cotton. The corresponding GhTUB1 gene including the promoter region was isolated by screening a cotton genomic DNA library. To demonstrate the specificity of the GhTUB1 promoter, the 5'-flanking region including the promoter and 5'-untranslated region was fused with the beta-glucuronidase reporter gene. The expression of the reporter chimera was examined in a large number of transgenic cotton plants. Histochemical assays demonstrated that GhTUB1::beta-glucuronidase fusion genes were expressed preferentially at high levels in fiber and primary root tip of 1- to 3-d-old seedlings and at low levels in other tissues such as ovule, pollen, seedling cotyledon, and root basal portion. The results suggested that the GhTUB1 gene may play a distinct and required role in fiber development. In addition, the GhTUB1 promoter may have great potential for cotton improvement by genetic engineering.  (+info)

A new model for the immobilization of the rat hind limb. (2/154)

An alternative device for the immobilization of the hind limb of the rat was developed to study the effects of chronic disuse on the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles, maintained for 3 weeks in the shortening and the stretching positions, respectively. The proposed device is made of steel mesh and cotton materials, and has some advantages when compared to cast or plaster cast: it is cheaper, lighter (12 g or 4% of the body weight of the rat) and the same unit can be easily adjusted and used several times in the same animal or in animals of similar size. Immobilization is also useful to restrain the movements of the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Male rats (291 +/- 35 g and aged 14 +/- 2 weeks) were used to develop and test the model. The soleus muscle of 18 rats was maintained in a shortened position for 21 consecutive days and lost 19 +/- 7% of its length (P = 0.008) and 44 +/- 6% of its weight (P = 0.002) compared to the contralateral intact muscle. No difference (P = 0.67) was found in the stretched tibialis anterior of the same hind limb when compared to the contralateral muscle. No ulcer, sore or foot swelling was observed in the animals. Immobilization was effective in producing chronic muscle disuse in the hind limbs of rats and is an acceptable alternative to the traditional methods of immobilization such as cast or plaster cast.  (+info)

A longitudinal observation of early pulmonary responses to cotton dust. (3/154)

AIMS: To examine early adverse pulmonary effects of exposure to cotton dust, and to identify potential risk factors, including atopy for pulmonary responses to cotton dust. METHODS: Spirometry, methacholine challenge testing, and questionnaire; performed among 101 non-smoking newly hired textile workers at baseline (prior to starting work), and at 3, 12, and 18 months after starting work. Concentrations of airborne cotton dust in various work areas were measured at each follow up survey using vertical elutriators. RESULTS: The incidence of non-specific respiratory symptoms was 8% at three months, then diminished afterwards. Substantial acute cross shift drops in FEV(1) at each follow up survey, and longitudinal declines in FVC and FEV(1) after 12 months of exposure were observed. Airway responsiveness to methacholine increased with follow up time, and was more pronounced among atopics. Increasing airway responsiveness was strongly correlated with cross shift drops in FEV(1). In addition, one or more respiratory symptoms at three months was significantly, and pre-existing atopy marginally significantly, associated with cross shift drops in FEV(1) after adjusting for other covariates and confounders. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that non-specific respiratory symptoms, decreasing lung function, and increasing airway responsiveness are early pulmonary responses to cotton dust. In addition, the occurrence of respiratory symptoms and increasing airway responsiveness, as well as atopy, may be important predictors for acute changes in lung function among cotton textile workers.  (+info)

Suppression of sucrose synthase gene expression represses cotton fiber cell initiation, elongation, and seed development. (4/154)

Cotton is the most important textile crop as a result of its long cellulose-enriched mature fibers. These single-celled hairs initiate at anthesis from the ovule epidermis. To date, genes proven to be critical for fiber development have not been identified. Here, we examined the role of the sucrose synthase gene (Sus) in cotton fiber and seed by transforming cotton with Sus suppression constructs. We focused our analysis on 0 to 3 days after anthesis (DAA) for early fiber development and 25 DAA, when the fiber and seed are maximal in size. Suppression of Sus activity by 70% or more in the ovule epidermis led to a fiberless phenotype. The fiber initials in those ovules were fewer and shrunken or collapsed. The level of Sus suppression correlated strongly with the degree of inhibition of fiber initiation and elongation, probably as a result of the reduction of hexoses. By 25 DAA, a portion of the seeds in the fruit showed Sus suppression only in the seed coat fibers and transfer cells but not in the endosperm and embryo. These transgenic seeds were identical to wild-type seeds except for much reduced fiber growth. However, the remaining seeds in the fruit showed Sus suppression both in the seed coat and in the endosperm and embryo. These seeds were shrunken with loss of the transfer cells and were <5% of wild-type seed weight. These results demonstrate that Sus plays a rate-limiting role in the initiation and elongation of the single-celled fibers. These analyses also show that suppression of Sus only in the maternal seed tissue represses fiber development without affecting embryo development and seed size. Additional suppression in the endosperm and embryo inhibits their own development, which blocks the formation of adjacent seed coat transfer cells and arrests seed development entirely.  (+info)

Additive effect of smoking and cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of cotton textile workers. (5/154)

One hundred and sixty-nine and 175 cotton textile workers (CTWs) were enrolled in the first (1991) and second (1996) surveys to investigate the prevalence of byssinosis. The synergistic effect of smoking on cotton dust exposure was also evaluated. Although the difference in prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function between the first (38.5%) and second study (38.9%) was not statistically significant, smokers had significantly higher frequency than nonsmokers in both surveys. A significant trend existed between the cotton dust levels and the frequency of abnormal lung function. The significant trend was also noted in both smokers and nonsmokers. The frequency of respiratory symptoms and the prevalence of severe byssinosis in the second survey (14.9% and 12.6%, respectively) were significantly lower than that in the first survey (39.7% and 21.9%, respectively). The reduction of symptoms was due to remodeling of this old cotton mill. The prevalences of respiratory symptoms and byssinosis in smokers being significantly higher than in nonsmokers only found in the first survey, but not found in the second survey. These results indicate that smoking potentiates the effect of cotton dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and byssinosis. The second study reveals high prevalence of byssinosis still existed in Taiwanese cotton mill, although the prevalence was declining. Smoking was found to show an additive effect on cotton dust exposure. Anti-smoking campaign, occupational health program to reduce the dust exposure, and periodical medical examination are measures to prevent from byssinosis.  (+info)

Isolation and analyses of genes preferentially expressed during early cotton fiber development by subtractive PCR and cDNA array. (6/154)

Cotton fibers are differentiated epidermal cells originating from the outer integuments of the ovule. To identify genes involved in cotton fiber elongation, we performed subtractive PCR using cDNA prepared from 10 days post anthesis (d.p.a.) wild-type cotton fiber as tester and cDNA from a fuzzless-lintless (fl) mutant as driver. We recovered 280 independent cDNA fragments including most of the previously published cotton fiber-related genes. cDNA macroarrays showed that 172 genes were significantly up-regulated in elongating cotton fibers as confirmed by in situ hybridization in representative cases. Twenty-nine cDNAs, including a putative vacuolar (H+)-ATPase catalytic subunit, a kinesin-like calmodulin binding protein, several arabinogalactan proteins and key enzymes involved in long chain fatty acid biosynthesis, accumulated to greater than 50-fold in 10 d.p.a. fiber cells when compared to that in 0 d.p.a. ovules. Various upstream pathways, such as auxin signal transduction, the MAPK pathway and profilin- and expansin-induced cell wall loosening, were also activated during the fast fiber elongation period. This report constitutes the first systematic analysis of genes involved in cotton fiber development. Our results suggest that a concerted mechanism involving multiple cellular pathways is responsible for cotton fiber elongation.  (+info)

The cotton kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein associates with cortical microtubules in cotton fibers. (7/154)

Microtubules in interphase plant cells form a cortical array, which is critical for plant cell morphogenesis. Genetic studies imply that the minus end-directed microtubule motor kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) plays a role in trichome morphogenesis in Arabidopsis. However, it was not clear whether this motor interacted with interphase microtubules. In cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fibers, cortical microtubules undergo dramatic reorganization during fiber development. In this study, cDNA clones of the cotton KCBP homolog GhKCBP were isolated from a cotton fiber-specific cDNA library. During cotton fiber development from 10 to 21 DPA, the GhKCBP protein level gradually decreases. By immunofluorescence, GhKCBP was detected as puncta along cortical microtubules in fiber cells of different developmental stages. Thus our results provide evidence that GhKCBP plays a role in interphase cell growth likely by interacting with cortical microtubules. In contrast to fibers, in dividing cells of cotton, GhKCBP localized to the nucleus, the microtubule preprophase band, mitotic spindle, and the phragmoplast. Therefore KCBP likely exerts multiple roles in cell division and cell growth in flowering plants.  (+info)

Cotton Bezoar--a rare cause of intestinal obstruction: case report. (8/154)

BACKGROUND: Bezoars usually present as a mass in the stomach. The patient often has a preceding history of some psychiatric predisposition. Presentation could be in the form of trichophagy followed by trichobezoar (swallowing of hair leading to formation of bezoar), orphytobezoar (swallowing of vegetable fibres). Rapunzel syndrome is a condition where the parent bezoar is in the stomach and a tail of the fibres or hair extends in to the jejunum. Presentation as intestinal obstruction due to a bezoar in the intestine without a parent bezoar in the stomach is rare, therefore we report it here. CASE REPORT: A 35 year old lady tailor with a previous history of receiving treatment for depression on account of being infertile- years after her marriage, presented to the surgical emergency department with features of acute intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy and enterotomy revealed a cotton bezoar in the terminal ileum without a parent bezoar in the stomach. She was managed by resection of the affected segment of the ileum and end-to-end anastomosis of the bowel. In the postoperative period the patient gave a history of ingesting cotton threads whenever she was depressed. CONCLUSION: Presence of cotton bezoar is rare and an intestinal bezoar in the absence of parent bezoar in the stomach is still rarer.  (+info)

Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling has been well studied in Arabidopsis. Most reports focus on the role of JA in biological pathways, such as stress resistance, trichome initiation and anthocyanin accumulation. The JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) protein is one of the important repressors in the JA signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that JA functions in fiber initiation and elongation, but little is known about how JAZ genes function in fiber development. In this study, a cotton JAZ protein (GhJAZ2) containing a highly conserved TIFY motif and a C-terminal Jas domain was identified, and its function during cotton fiber development was analysed. Gene expression analysis showed that GhJAZ2 was preferentially expressed in the root, hypocotyl, flower and ovule 1 day before anthesis. Overexpression of GhJAZ2 inhibited both lint and fuzz fiber initiation, and reduced the fiber length. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that GhJAZ2 interacted with the R2R3-MYB transcription factors GhMYB25-like and GhGL1, the bHLH
In this study, waste cotton fabric was used as cellulose raw material and pretreated in aqueous NaOH/urea solution system to investigate the effect of NaOH/urea pretreatment solution on the hydrolysis of cotton fiber. The cotton fiber was pretreated with different conditions of aqueous NaOH/urea solution, and the pretreated cotton fiber was hydrolyzed under the same conditions as the original cotton fiber. The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of unpretreated sample. Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface, XRD results suggested that the crystallinity degree of cellulose decreased dramatically, more cellulose II appeared, and the hydrogen bond is broken. Among the different pretreatment conditions, the pretreatment effect was the best when the reaction temperature was 0°C, the solid-liquid ratio was 2:50, and the NaOH/urea ratio was 7:12. The hydrolysis
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Cotton fibre is mainly composed of cellulose, although non-cellulosic polysaccharides play key roles during fibre development and are still present in the harvested fibre. This study aimed at determining the fate of non-cellulosic polysaccharides during cotton textile processing. We analyzed non-cellulosic cotton fibre polysaccharides during different steps of cotton textile processing using GC-MS, HPLC and comprehensive microarray polymer profiling to obtain monosaccharide and polysaccharide amounts and linkage compositions. Additionally, in situ detection was used to obtain information on polysaccharide localization and accessibility. We show that pectic and hemicellulosic polysaccharide levels decrease during cotton textile processing and that some processing steps have more impact than others. Pectins and arabinose-containing polysaccharides are strongly impacted by the chemical treatments, with most being removed during bleaching and scouring. However, some forms of pectin are more ...
Drought is a major environmental stress that reduces cotton yield and fiber quality. Due to the inherent difficulties of studying fiber tissue and the lack of markers to monitor the fiber development, little is known about the molecular processes that are critical to the formation of high quality fiber and the association of these processes with drought tolerance in cotton (their performance under drought). In 2011-2012, we studied the impacts of drought on fiber development and fiber quality traits, using transgenic cotton plants harboring a cellulose synthase A1 (CesA1) genepromoter and a GUS reporter construct. CesA1 is a critical gene for fiber secondary cell wall development. This promoter-reporter system allows us to monitor molecular changes inside fiber cell during fiber development. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and other instruments were employed to examine structural changes of fiber cell during secondary cell wall synthesis. Fiber quality traits of mature fibers were ...
Citation: Bowling, A.J., Vaughn, K.C., Turley, R.B. 2010. Polysaccharide and glycoprotein distribution in the epidermis of cotton ovules during early fiber initiation and growth. Protoplasma. 248:579-590. Interpretive Summary: Cotton is our most important fiber crop but little is known of the early events associated with fiber initiation and elongation. To investigate this, scientists in the Southern Weed Science Research Unit and Crop Genetics and Production Research Unit probed initiating cotton fibers with antibodies that recognize components of the cell wall. These studies indicate that cotton fibers are differentiated from adjacent non-fiber cells with respect to pectin and protein components as early as one day post the opening of the flower. From these data, we could predict the enzyme machinery responsible for the differentiation of the fiber cells from the non-fiber cells and will use these data to determine genes of importance in fiber development. Technical Abstract: The cotton fiber ...
Additional file 6 of Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic basis of fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Amine‐catalyzed polymer encapsulation of cotton fibers by vapor phase application of formaldehyde. AU - Goswami, J. C.. AU - Brenner, W.. AU - Rugg, B.. AU - Liu, W.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1970/11. Y1 - 1970/11. N2 - A process for encapsulating cotton fibers in the form of woven clothes at ambient temperatures with polyoxymethylene is described. It involves pretreatment of the cotton with a carbon tetrachloride solution of tributylamine and diphenylamine to deposit the basic catalyst on the surface of the fibers. Subsequent exposure to dry, purified vapors of monomeric formaldehyde at 25°C results in the encapsulation of individual fibers with high molecular weight polyoxymethylene. The process is relatively fast (30% fiber weight gain in approx. 20 min) with the polymer located only at the fiber surfaces. Fiber cementation does not become pronounced for weight increases below approximately 60%-65% based upon the weight of the ...
The demand of high strength of cotton fibers has been increased dramatically with the advent of modern high speed spinning technology for producing yarn. Cotton fiber is a gigantic single cell which consists of almost pure cellulose.
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(2014) Shan et al. Nature Communications. Cotton fibres are unusually long, single-celled epidermal seed trichomes and a model for plant cell growth, but little is known about the regulation of fibre cell elongation. Here we report that a homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor, ...
|div|This product is grown and processed in the USA This raw cotton has been ginned, but has not been carded. There are cotton seeds and sometimes small pieces of the cotton plant mixed in. Raw cotton is often used for stuffing or cushioning when a less e
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Preservation of the natural qualities of raw cotton during the implementation of technological operations of its processing, including long-term storage, requires studying the penetration of air through the mass of raw cotton. Because air can be a carrier of heat during drying and processing with chemicals to disinfect it from microorganisms, and during long-term storage of cotton in riots is used to reduce the temperature of the stored raw cotton. This article provides information on the study of air permeability through a layer of raw cotton
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of cotton fibers harvested at different stages of development were acquired using Universal Attenuated Total Reflectance FTIR (UATR-FTIR). The main goal of the study was to monitor cell wall changes occurring during different phases of cotton fiber development. Two cultivars of Gossypium hirsutum L. were planted in a greenhouse (Texas Marker-1 and TX55). O ...
Coked cotton fiber in a home may be from the top of an incondescent light bulb or a product of a fire where the amount of oxygen present is too low to oxidize the carbon in the fiber. In this case there were many such fibers as a result of a fire in the home. The wireing in this home was insulated with cotton/tar insulation and much of it burned in the area damaged by this fire ...
Evidence that high activity of vacuolar invertase Is required for cotton fiber and Arabidopsis root elongation through osmotic dependent and independent pathways, respectively
Discount Southworth Bond Paper, 32 lb., 100% Cotton Fiber, Letter Size, Ivory, 250 Sheets Per Box in stock. OfficeSuperSavers.com recommends Southworth Fine Business Paper
Cotton bales made from raw cotton after processing of ginning and pressing. Raw cotton goes in ginning for gin process in which first cleaning process happen on raw cotton. Then removing moisture from cotton than after cotton lint separate from cotton seeds. Cotton seed goes in oil mil for extracting oil from it and cotton lint in pressing unit. Pressing unit press the cotton lint and make standard size of cotton bale. Our Cotton bales are very suitable for transportation from nation to nation. Modern cotton production has evolved in time to become highly mechanized. It is truly a worldwide market.. ...
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XJ128 Rapid Fiber Tester is a rapid, capacious, multi-index integrated instrument of testing cotton fiber performances, which integrates optics, mechanism, electric, air compressing and computer into a whole. It can test length, tension, Micronaire, color and impurity, etc performances of cotton fiber rapidly. It also gives average length, top half average length, uniformity index, short fiber index, specific strength, extensibility, max breaking load, Micronaire value, maturity index, reflectivity, yellow depth, color grading, impurity numbers, impurity area percent, impurity grading, and spinning consistency index, etc. It can meet structural reform of cotton quality testings need, improve scientificity and authority of notarized testing. It is important to judge cotton quality of cotton testing departments objectively and fairly, guide textile enterprises in cotton assorting, make good use of cotton materials ...
A gin process control system including sensing stations for sensing the physical properties of cotton as it progresses through a gin. A moisture sensor determines, over a wide range of values, the amount of moisture in the cotton. A quality monitor determines the color of the cotton, color distribution, and the amount and type of trash or other impurities which may be entrained in the cotton. A micronaire unit determines both micronaire and cotton maturity. A fiber length tester provides information on the length distribution, breaking strength, and elongation of the cotton fibers. Cotton samples are gathered from the gin flow stream and presented to the sensing stations in a variety of manual, semi-automated, and automated fashions. In a fully automated unit, the sensing stations are connected directly to the gin. The sensing stations are also in communication with the gin process control system, which uses the data from the sensing stations to automatically control the operation of the gin.
Perfect cleanliness for stone and tile floors - combined with highest cleaning comfort: no problem for floor wiper Profi cotton plus steel. The wiper cover can comfortably be removed by a foot click and consists of powerful supra and cotton fibres. While the supra fibres remove the dirt pore deep the cotton fibres absorb the dissolved dirt and store the water. This way, the wiper cover causes brilliant gleam even by coarse dirt. With its imposing wiping width of 42 cm the Profi cotton plus steel saves many working steps and valuable time. The ingenious 360° rotating joint enables the efficient cleaning in wavy lines and revolves around table- and armoire-legs. The handle can completely be bent flat to for even hard to reach areas like those under armoires and beds. The floor wiper can comfortably be operated while standing and without hands in the dirty water: simply remove the wiper cover by a foot click, press it in the separately available Leifheit Mop press, insert the cover again by foot ...
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sharecropping evolved, in which free black farmers worked on white-owned cotton plantations in return for a share of the profits (although in reality, the system was little changed from the days of slavery). Cotton plantations required vast labour forces to hand-pick cotton fibres, and it was not until the 1950s that reliable harvesting machinery was introduced into the South (prior to this, cotton-harvesting machinery had been too clumsy to pick cotton without shredding the fibres). During the early twentieth century, employment in the cotton industry fell as machines began to replace labourers, and as the Souths rural labour force dwindled during the First and Second World Wars. Today, cotton remains a major export of the southern United States, and a majority of the worlds annual cotton crop is of the long-staple American variety.. The cotton industry relies heavily on chemicals such as fertilizers and insecticides, although a very small number of farmers are moving towards an organic model ...
Place a glass full of water at a height of 1-2 inch. Place the other empty glass at lower level. Wet the cotton or jute string. Dip one of its end in the glass with water and leave the other end in the empty glass. Leave the setup undisturbed. After a few hours, you will find that most of the water has collected into the lower glass. ...
Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, renewable and environmentally friendly raw materials that can be converted into biofuels as an efficient alternative energy source. Sugar production is one of the key steps in converting biomass to fuels and chemicals. In order to enhance the accessibility of lignocellulosic biomass to catalytic enzyme, microorganism, and other types of catalysis during bioprocessing, the pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass is needed. To depolymerize the lignocellulosic materials, a 7% NaOH/12% urea solution was used. Selection of enzyme from Novozyme was performed, as a result, NS22074, a Cellulase complex was used throughout the research. Under the same reaction conditions, the treated cotton fibers were converted to glucose in almost 65% yield (based on 90% cellulose in cotton) within 2 hours at room temperature (22ºC); while the conversion for non-treated cotton fibers were only 20%. Different composition of NaOH/urea as the de-polymerization solutions were used and
Zock et al. (1995).; It has been known for years that dietary fat and cholesterol influence blood cholesterol concentrations. Extensive research has been done not only on fats as a class, but on individual fatty acids and their effects on blood lipid levels and lipoprotein concentration. The length of the chain and the degree of unsaturation of a particular fatty acid molecule contribute to the ability of the fatty acid to promote or delay the development of atherosclerosis. Scientists now agree that total dietary fat intake itself is a poor predictor of CHD risk (Nelson 1998). Small differences in fatty acid stmctures may have huge influences on their metabolic effect (Pederson 2001). For example, myristic acid (14:0) and palmitic acid (16:0) are potent cholesterol increasing fatty acids, while stearic acid (18:0) and oleic acid (cis 18:1) have no effect on semm cholesterol, and linoleic acid (18:2) decreases semm cholesterol (Pederson 2001). Laurate, myristate, and palmitate constitute the ...
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T-SHIRT FEATURES Basic Tee: Gildan 5000 100% Cotton (fiber content may vary for different colors) Medium fabric (5.3 oz/yd² (180 g/m²)) Classic fit Runs true to size Premium Tee: Bella+Canvas 3001 100% Airlume combed and ringspun cotton (fiber content may vary for different colors) Light fabric (4.2 oz/yd² (142 g/m²))
Increased mechanical stability: With new products, such as Synthec and Diamone Composite, banknote manufacturers have gone a step further and responded to the growing demand for higher mechanical stability of the paper-because the longer a banknote stays in circulation, the limper it becomes and the more easily it tears. Synthec substrate, for example, consists of 80 percent cotton fiber and 20 percent synthetic fiber, with the latter being longer and more flexible than the former. The synthetic fibers constitute a dense network within the cotton fiber structure, supporting the banknote like a kind of corset and increasing its mechanical stability. This practically doubles the useful life of the product. Synthec is much less sensitive to climate fluctuations than standard banknote paper. The synthetic fibers are incorporated in the banknote substrate at the sheet formation stage. This has the advantage that all established security features-such as three dimensional watermarks, fluorescent ...
Pre-laundered white dust mop is designed for maximum small dust pick-up. Cotton fiber is spun into a 2-ply, balanced yarn that resists damage due to strong chemicals. A durable, polyester backing with reinforced stress points are sewn with the yarn to create the highest performing mop available. 2-ply, open-end spun yarn. Balanced blend of cotton fibers. Looped-end reduces linting. Launderable. 12 each per case. ...
The orthopaedic padding is manufactured from white, odourless woven cotton fibres or from a mixture of woven cotton fibres and thin non-woven polyethylene fibres. It is soft, light and provided with excellent ventilation features which guarantee maximum comfort during use and excellent padding of the cast in order to prevent the skin from itching and infection.. ...
Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for thousands of years. During the Industrial Revolution Eli Whitney patented the first waster-powered cotton gin. This revolutionary new machine allowed daily output to increase by over 5,ooo%. Wash and wear finish for a cotton fabric is necessary to make it crease-free or wrinkle-free. In a similar way, mercerising, singeing, flame retardant, water repellent, waterproof, and anti-static finishing achieve various fabric properties desired by consumers. Finished Product Cotton fabrics consist mainly of terry cloth (towels and robes), denim (jeans), cambric (work uniforms), corduroy, seersucker, and cotton twill (commonly used in the place of denim). Non-textile items include fishing nets, coffee filters, paper, and bookbinding. Caring for your cotton is important, yet simple. Machine-wash and dry apparel; steam- or dry-clean - with caution - furnishings. In todays world, we use cotton more the any other fiber. ...
Add a charming accent to your next DIY creation with the Amelia Multipurpose Cotton Fabric! In a 120 cm width, this 100% cotton fabric features a sweet desig...
Padmalatha, K.V., Dhandapani, G., Kanakachari, M., Kumar, S., Dass, A., Patil, D.P., Rajamani, V., Kumar, K., Pathak, R., Rawat, B., Leelavathi, S., Reddy, P.S., Jain, N., Powar, K.N., Hiremath, V., Katageri, I.S., Reddy, M.K., Solanke, A.U., Reddy, V.S., Kumar, P.A. 2012. Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of cotton under drought stress reveal significant down-regulation of genes and pathways involved in fibre elongation and up-regulation of defense responsive genes. Plant Mol. Biol. 78:223-246.. Kumar P.A. , Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of cotton under drought stress reveal significant down-regulation of genes and pathways involved in fibre elongation and up-regulation of defense responsive genes (2012 ) 78 Plant Mol. Biol. : 223 -246.. ...
We are very proud of our GOTS labeled Hobbii Baby Cotton , which is a 100% clean, delightful cotton of outstanding quality. It is spun from the finest Egyptian cotton fibers and is environmentally friendly produced just for Hobbii. Of all the cotton types, Egyptian cotton is the most exclusive.
We are very proud of our GOTS labeled Hobbii Baby Cotton , which is a 100% clean, delightful cotton of outstanding quality. It is spun from the finest Egyptian cotton fibers and is environmentally friendly produced just for Hobbii. Of all the cotton types, Egyptian cotton is the most exclusive.
This cotton swab onsists of cotton fibers which are tightly wrapped around a wooden handle. Designed for cleaning applications where absorbency is critical. | Chemtronics
Material: 100% Sea Island Cotton (Worlds longer cotton fiber: 50mm) Universally recognized as the finest cotton of the world Certified Yarn Trademark: Spoerry 1866 Natural Silken Sheen Unbelievably Soft Hand-Feel Outstanding Strength Cotton & Picked by Hand 2-Thread, 145 gr. (6 oz.), Made on vintage Loopwheeling Machines Natural fabric, Untreated with Chemicals Form & Fit: Round (crew) Neckline Straight Hem Maximum comfort: due to circular knitting and therefore no side se
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Natural fiber composites are known to have lower mechanical properties than glass or carbon fiber reinforced composites. The hybrid natural fiber composites prepared in this study have relatively good mechanical properties. Different combinations of woven and non-woven flax fibers were used. The stacking sequence of the fibers was in different orientations, such as 0°, +45°, and 90°. The composites manufactured had good mechanical properties. A tensile strength of about 119 MPa and Youngs modulus of about 14 GPa was achieved, with flexural strength and modulus of about 201 MPa and 24 GPa, respectively. For the purposes of comparison, composites were made with a combination of woven fabrics and glass fibers. One ply of a glass fiber mat was sandwiched in the mid-plane and this increased the tensile strength considerably to 168 MPa. Dynamic mechanical analysis was performed in order to determine the storage and loss modulus and the glass transition temperature of the composites. ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures Foreign Agricultural Service today issued updated instructions to U.S. exporters who may apply for coverage on sales of U.S. cotton and products to be exported under the Commodity Credit Corporations (CCC) Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-102), Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-103) and the Supplier Credit Guarantee Program (SCGP).. Under CCCs Program Announcements reflecting country allocations for coverage on sales of U.S. cotton and products, such coverage is available on sales in any of the following forms: Upland or Pima cotton, bleached cotton, cotton motes, cotton linters, cotton linter pulp, or cotton sliver -- except where CCC may specifically announce exclusion of one or more of these forms.. This Notice is effective as of todays date and reflects CCCs interest in continuing to promote U.S. agricultural exports, changes in USDAs cotton classification procedures, and experience gained in performing price reviews required in ...
Clause 1, describes the global Fire Resistant Cotton market introduction, market overview, product image, market opportunities, market summary, market risk, development scope, global Fire Resistant Cotton market presence;. Clause 2 and 3 studies the key Fire Resistant Cotton market competitors, their sales volume, market profits and price of Fire Resistant Cotton in 2016 and 2017;. Clause 4,5 and 6, introduces the global Fire Resistant Cotton market by regions, with sales, market revenue, and share of Fire Resistant Cotton market for each region from 2017 to 2022;. Clause 7, conducts the region-wise study of the global Fire Resistant Cotton market based on the sales ratio in each region and market share from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 8 displays the market by type and application, with sales global Fire Resistant Cotton market share and growth rate by application, type, from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 9 and 10 describes the global Fire Resistant Cotton market prediction, by regions, application, and type ...
... and fiber crops like cotton. Verticillium dahliae Kleb. Verticillium albo-atrum Verticillium alfalfae Verticillium isaacii Can ...
... seed shattering and cotton fiber qualities. PGML has led in the sequencing of the sorghum genome and the cotton genome. " ... Research focuses on the study of major crop species such as sorghum and cotton, as well as other species such as Bermuda Grass ...
United States currency paper is made from 25% linen and 75% cotton. Linen is a bast fiber. Flax fibers vary in length from ... It has a long staple (individual fiber length) relative to cotton and other natural fibers. Linen fabric has been used for ... There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. Flax fibers ... Textiles in a linen weave texture, even when made of cotton, hemp, or other non-flax fibers, are also loosely referred to as " ...
... stronger cotton fiber". ScienceDaily. (Articles needing additional references from September 2017, All articles needing ... The country is more or less self-sufficient in oil and natural gas and is a major exporter of cotton. Against a background of ... Abdurakhmonov and his American partners could potentially have a multibillion-dollar impact on the global cotton industry and ... by the International Cotton Advisory Committee for a 'gene knockout technology'' he had developed with biologists from the ...
This is gill net made up of synthetic fibers. Initially the cotton fibers were in use. The length, width and mesh size is ... To these sticks, nylon mesh is tightly attached (initially instead of nylon threads fiber from the boyal tree were in use). ... originally made of fiber from the boyal tree were in use). This is a passive method of fishing. Virtually this trap operate on ...
Yafa, Stephen (2006). Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fiber. Raheel, Mastura (1994). Protective Clothing Systems and ... Cotton lint refers to the fibrous coat that covers the cotton seeds. Cotton lint is ginned cotton. The lint that is delivered ... Certain materials used in the manufacture of clothing, such as cotton, linen, and wool, contain numerous, very short fibers ... Cloth fibers are scraped by body hair via friction, which ratchets the fibers in the direction of hair growth. One hypothesis ...
The warp threads were of cotton fibers; the weft consisted of twisted paper. v t e (Articles lacking sources from October 2007 ... Sufu was a wartime material used briefly in Japan during World War II when cotton and other woven materials were scarce. It was ... an inexpensive, ersatz cloth made of wood fibers, basically cellulose, that disintegrated after three or four washings and was ...
Cotton is China's most important fiber crop. The crop is grown on the North China Plain and in the middle and lower reaches of ... Excellent cotton growing land in Shandong that had grown grain during the Cultural Revolution returned to growing cotton. Areas ... For example, in 1985 cotton farmers were told via state plans how much area to plant in cotton, whereas farmers received no ... In the 1980s raw cotton imports ceased, and China became a major exporter of cotton. Significant quantities of jute and hemp ...
Yafa, Stephen (2006). Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fiber. Penguin. p. 75. ISBN 978-0143037224. Young, Rowland L. ( ...
Cotton yarn is produced with discrete length fibers. Shot fibers inevitably tend to show less spinnability and result in a ... Singeing is a preparation method of textiles; it is applied more commonly to woven textiles and cotton yarns where a clean ... When Greige goods leave the loom, they may have a downy appearance with protruding fibers, which is undesirable for printed ... Singeing burns those protruding fibers that are lying out and produce a clean surface. Singeing improves the surface appearance ...
In addition, Chiwara can be either male or female Poro mask; 19th-mid-20th century; wood, horns, raffia fiber, cotton cloth, ...
Cotton, wool and linen are naturally absorbent fibers. Linen has luster. Most commonly used synthetic fibers, such as nylon, ... Different textile fibers have unique properties that make them suitable for use in various environments. Natural fibers are ... Natural and synthetic fibers have various properties that influence the final textile performance. Most of the natural fibers ... Aramid fiber, namely Kevlar, a strong, abrasion-resistant, durable material with high performance. Fiber and fabric engineering ...
August 2005). "Brassinosteroid regulates fiber development on cultured cotton ovules". Plant Cell Physiol. 46 (8): 1384-91. doi ...
... cotton or other natural fiber rope, then connected by chains or rope; also made of kevlar, cotton or natural fiber. The natural ... fiber, Technora or kevlar rope is necessary as synthetic ropes will melt rapidly, and the natural fiber ropes will also need to ...
Cotton fiber grows attached to cotton plant seeds. Other seed fibers are from kapok and milkweed. Many important nonfood oils ... Other seeds that contain poisons include annona, cotton, custard apple, datura, uncooked durian, golden chain, horse-chestnut, ... In the latter example these hairs are the source of the textile crop cotton. Other seed appendages include the raphe (a ridge ...
Natural fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Specific crops are cultivated in distinct growing regions throughout ... Cotton was cultivated by the 5th-4th millennium BC. Archeological evidence indicates an animal-drawn plough from 2,500 BC in ... Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 3,600 BC. Animals including llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs were domesticated there. In ... Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5,600 years ago, and was independently domesticated in Eurasia. In Mesoamerica, wild ...
... uses three plant fibers: hemp, linen, and cotton. Hemp is particularly sought after for its hydrophobic qualities, linen ...
Tensile strength Composition: bleached versus unbleached cotton; cotton versus synthetic fibers versus a blend of both. Rigid ...
... cotton, cotton decorated with silk thread, silk, imported printstuff, and an elegant abaca woven of selected fibers almost as ... Synthetic fibers can be knit and woven similarly to natural fibers. Synthetic fibers are made by humans through chemical ... Advancements in fiber spinning actuators and control systems allow control over fiber diameter and shape, so synthetic fiber ... Cotton: The biography of a revolutionary fiber (Penguin, 2006). excerpt Sylvester, Louise M., Mark C. Chambers and Gale R. Owen ...
Both vessels were constructed from four Andean materials; totora reeds, natural fiber rope, cotton sails and wood. Inspired by ... Two cotton lateen sails were hand-sewed for the first journey and five sails were used for the second. Fifteen years later, the ... The ship was rigged with natural fiber sisal rope, the same rope that holds the reed bundles together. Two center boards were ...
Cotton fibers from the kapok tree has been extensively used by the Dagomba to produce long strips of fibre to make the Ghanaian ... Ethiopia has conditions that are good for growing cotton thus cotton was then locally grown and woven into cotton fabric on ... Over time most of these fibers were replaced with cotton. Textiles were woven on horizontal or vertical looms with variations ... Ethiopian Cotton: With the exception of Ethiopia, textile weaving is less common in East Africa. In the 1st century, cotton was ...
It is most commonly woven from cotton or linen fibers. End-on-end is almost identical to cambric (also known as chambray), ...
Cotton yarn has minimal elasticity unless blended with other fibers. Pure cotton is useful for projects that require structure ... All varieties of cotton have a dull finish unless mercerized. ...
Surxondaryo is the country's largest supplier of long-fiber cotton. Livestock accounts for 40% of regional agricultural product ... Light industry, mainly cotton ginning and food processing, is also an important part of the regional economy, particularly in ... Agriculture is based primarily on cotton and cereals, supplemented with horticulture and viticulture. ...
Traditional fibers include cotton (brown and white), wool and maguey. Production techniques are largely unchanged since the pre ... In the pre-Hispanic period, the main fibers were cotton and ixtle (made from maguey leaves), and the main weaving mechanism was ... Leather pieces such as belts and bags can be found embroidered with ixtle fiber, which is extracted from maguey leaves. Coffee ... The town of Santo Tomás Jalieza specializes in cotton textiles, embroidered items and those woven with a backstrap loom such as ...
A quipu usually consisted of cotton or camelid fiber strings. The Inca people used them for collecting data and keeping records ... Piles of raw cotton - uncombed and containing seeds, though turned a dirty brown by the ages - and a ball of cotton thread" ... The fibers can be abraded by rubbing against each other or, for those attached to sticks or rods, by their own weight if held ... A combination of color, fiber and ply direction leads to a total of 95 combinations in these quipus, which is within the range ...
Mampong was responsible for the cotton fibers for cloth making; Kwamanhene(Kwaman now Kumasi) had to send one of His ...
Textiles were created from plant fibers including cotton and agave. Class status differentiated what fabric was worn. Mexican ...
This barkcloth is usually made of densely woven cotton fibers. Historically, the fabric has been used in home furnishings, such ... more flowing fabric than the stiffer all-cotton rhino cloth or standard barkcloth. Barkcloth-style skirt weight cotton A ... Some modern cotton-based fabrics are also named "barkcloth" for their resemblance to these traditional fabrics. Before the ...
They used hammocks made of cotton but sometimes also fibers. Farming was practiced by all the people living along Guaporé in ... They also tied up the foreskin of the penis with a cotton thread and tucked it under a string belt. Women tied plaited cotton ... Thin cotton threads were made with a drop spindle which had a fruit or a wooden disk for a whorl and a small hook at the ... Cotton or bark cloth was used as tinder. Basketry fire fans were rectangular. For torches, pieces of bark were dipped in wax. ...
Cotton remains the most widely used and common natural fiber making up 90% of all-natural fibers used in the textile industry. ... The seed cotton goes into a cotton gin. The cotton gin separates seeds and removes the "trash" (dirt, stems and leaves) from ... Cotton Counts: Refers to the thickness of the cotton yarn where 840 yards of yarns weighs 1 pound (0.45 kg). 10-count cotton ... Fowler, Alan (2003), Lancashire Cotton Operatives and Work, 1900-1950: A Social History of Lancashire Cotton Operatives in the ...
The expansion of Israel's textile industry was a consequence of the development of cotton growing as a profitable agricultural ... fiber optics, scientific instruments), pharmaceuticals, potash and phosphates, metallurgy, chemical products, plastics, diamond ... Israel also produces and exports flowers and cotton. The country exports more than $1.3 billion worth of agricultural products ...
Stimulate the narrow-diameter skin nerve fibers as well as the Aδ motor fibers for pain relief in the segmental space around ... Booth J, Aucott L, Cotton S, Davis B, Fenocchi L, Goodman C, et al. (June 2021). "Tibial nerve stimulation compared with sham ... Stimulate big-diameter nerve fibers, Aβ, for local pain relief. Use as needed Pain relief is normally quick both in and after ... Stimulate narrow-diameter Aδ skin nerve fibers and create a counterstimulus (it will ease the existing stimulus) For a short- ...
Black and white fiber mixed will combine to give grey heather fiber. Heather is blended fibers combined to create a ... "Calling It Cotton: Labeling and Advertising Cotton Products". Federal Trade Commission. July 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2019.. ... Different fibers types respond differently to the dyes. Cross dyeing is the way of dyeing constituting fibers in different ... It is important to note that depending on the percent of cotton, the fabric can still be legally labeled 100% cotton.[20] ...
filo (line), fibre (fiber, filament) throat. garga thumb. polise ticket. bilete toe. dito de pede ... cotton. coton cough. tosi country. pais (genera), nasion (nation) cover. covre crack. fesur ...
... in which the goal is to make the fibers brighter. ... Cotton (rag). *Crêpe. *Display. *Dó. *Electrical insulation. * ...
In a 100 gram reference amount, raw okra is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of dietary fiber, vitamin C, and ... As a member of the Malvaceae, it is related to such species as cotton, cocoa, and hibiscus. The leaves are 10-20 centimetres (4 ... the mucilage contains soluble fiber.[23] One possible way to de-slime okra is to cook it with an acidic food, such as tomatoes ...
Morgan, Tim J. (2011). The Fiber Optic Backbone (Relatório). University of North Texas. Consultado em 19 de Setembro de 2015. ... American Cotton Company, Louis Edward Levy, Pencoyd Iron Works, Serviço Geológico dos Estados Unidos e Carl Auer von Welsbach ...
Coconut fiber (coir) is used as a construction material because the natural fibers are eco-friendly. Additionally, coconut ... Mature brown coir fibres contain more lignin and less cellulose than fibres such as flax and cotton, so are stronger but less ... Coir fiber is rarely used as a potting material, except for orchids, and does not need buffering, as it has a very low cation- ... Pith is chemically similar to coir, but contains much shorter fibers.[4] The name coco peat may refer either to coir or the ...
... but they are commonly blended with other fibers, such as flax, cotton or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to ... machines that separated the fibers from the hemp stem - could not make hemp fiber a cheaper substitute for fibers from other ... Hemp fiber is known to have high strength and durability, and has been known to be a good protector against vermin. The fiber ... FiberEdit. Hemp fiber has been used extensively throughout history, with production climaxing soon after being introduced to ...
Women spinners of cotton yarn still continue to work to produce handspun yarn for the weaving of Khadi in Ponduru, a village in ... Fibers to be spun are bound to a distaff held in her left hand. ... Method of turning fiber into yarn or thread using a spinning ... A Saxony wheel (also called a flax wheel) or an upright wheel (also called a castle wheel), can be used to spin wool or cotton ... is advantageous when using the long-draw technique to spin wool or cotton because the high ratio between the large wheel and ...
the cellulose fiber factory (its location has been between the railway line & the Gottleuba river flowing into the Elbe) ... A Kattundruck manufactory for cotton printing opened as the first of its kind in 1774. In 1811 the physician Ernst Gottlob ... In the three largest factories of silk, fluid machinery and cellulose fiber alone, more than 5,000 jobs were lost by the mid- ... The Elbe river was heavily polluted by industry wastewater, especially from the cellulose fiber factory; swimming in the river ...
... as the major source fiber is either softwood pulp or cotton linter. Non-food products include products such as toothpaste, ... In laundry detergents, it is used as a soil suspension polymer designed to deposit onto cotton and other cellulosic fabrics, ... cotton or viscose rayon-may also be converted into CMC.[citation needed] ...
Talk:Cotton Corporation of India. *Talk:Cotton duck. *Talk:Cotton Industry Act 1959 ... Talk:Cellulose fiber. *Talk:Celtic cross stitch. *Talk:CETIQT. *Talk:Challis (fabric) ...
melt-blown: fiber is bonded as air attenuated fibers intertangle with themselves during simultaneous fiber and web formation. ... one type of cotton staple nonwoven is treated with sodium hydroxide to shrink bond the mat, the caustic causes the cellulose- ... Fibers are first spun, cut to a few centimeters length, and put into bales. The staple fibers are then blended, "opened" in a ... Wetlaid operations typically use 0.25 to 0.75 in (0.64 to 1.91 cm) long fibers, but sometimes longer if the fiber is stiff or ...
A few popular fibers that are spun into yarn other than cotton, which is the most popular, are viscose (the most common form of ... For forming fibers from a fluid, see Spinning (polymers).. Spinning is a twisting technique to form yarn from fibers. The fiber ... Main article: Cotton-spinning machinery. Ring spinning is one of the most common spinning methods in the world.[citation needed ... After World War I the colonies where the cotton was grown started to purchase and manufacture significant quantities of cotton ...
... fibers, lectins, polyphenols and tannins that affect minerals' bioavailability.[12] ... easily recognizable by their all-white cotton dresses and headscarves and caps. They first appeared in Bahia selling acarajé in ...
... is a coarse woollen (or in cheaper variants cotton) cloth, similar in texture to felt, but more durable. ...
Cigarette paper is made from thin and lightweight "rag fibers" (nonwood plant fibers) such as flax, hemp, sisal, rice straw, ...
Textile fibers. *Acrylic. *Alpaca. *Angora. *Cashmere. *Coir. *Cotton. *Eisengarn. *Hemp. *Jute. *Kevlar ...
Yafa, Stephen H. Big Cotton: How A Humble Fiber Created Fortunes, Wrecked Civilizations, and Put America on the Map (2004) ... USDA - Cotton Trade. *Moseley, W.G. and L.C. Gray (eds). Hanging by a Thread: Cotton, Globalization and Poverty in Africa (Ohio ... Empire of Cotton: A Global History. New York: Knopf, 2014.. *Brown, D. Clayton. King Cotton: A Cultural, Political, and ... Cotton: The Fabric that Made the Modern World (2013) excerpt. *Smith, C. Wayne and Joe Tom Cothren. Cotton: origin, history, ...
... made from cotton-lycra, or a cotton-polyester-lycra combination, are more typically worn for fashion, but are also ... Kaori O'Connor (2011), "Lycra, Aerobics, and the Rise of the Legging", Lycra: How A Fiber Shaped America, Routledge, pp. 121- ... Cotton-lycra leggings are available in many colors, prints and designs; but black, navy and various shades of gray remain the ... and are shinier in appearance than those made from cotton. Some have racing stripes or reflective patterns to further ...
Similar specifications apply for cotton, orange juice, cocoa, sugar, wheat, corn, barley, pork bellies, milk, feed stuffs, ... Agricultural commodities include grains, food and fiber as well as livestock and meat, various regulatory bodies define ... cotton, cocoa, coffee, milk products, pork bellies, oil, metals, etc.) and contracts based on them. These contracts can include ... cotton, flax, forage, tame hay, native grass), vegetables (potatoes, tomatoes, sweet corn, dry beans, dry peas, freezing and ...
Contrasted to cotton tailed rabbits, their ears are smaller and shorter, requiring predators to be closer to detect them before ... the more fibers in a muscle, the more resistant to fatigue. For example, hares have a greater resistance to fatigue than ... Domesticated rabbits with a diet lacking in high fiber sources, such as hay and grass, are susceptible to potentially lethal ...
Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum). It is mainly used to make cloth, especially ... In recent centuries linen has largely been replaced by cotton and synthetic materials, which are cheaper. ... This makes linen one of the oldest fibers and cloths used by humans, besides wool and hemp. Linen and hemp were the most ... important fiber plants in Europe for a long time. Linen was for example also used to wrap Egyptian mummies. ...
It is the largest exporter in the country of toilet / kitchen clothes, cotton terry cloth fabrics and cotton knit shirts.[72] ... Cables for telecommunication and electricity distribution, wires, optical fibers and connectors are manufactured in the country ... U.S. production of cotton was interrupted by the blockade by Union forces of the Confederacy. The second resulted in the ... From a colony whose aim was to export primary goods (sugar, gold and cotton), Brazil has managed to create a diversified ...
Csiszar, E.; Losonczi, A. Szakacs, G. Rusznak, I.; Bezur, L.; Reicher, J. Enzymes and chelating agent in cotton pretreatment. ... Dienes, D.; Egyhazi, A.; Reczey, K. Treatment of recycled fiber with Trichoderma cellulases. Industrial Crops and Products. ...
Production declined and nearly went nearly extinct with the introduction of other fibers, especially cotton, until its ... Hemp fiber from France is used to make hemp paper and the hurds are used to make bedding for horses and other domesticated ...
... a unit of measure for cotton fiber Inequality operator, a term used in programming languages as a "not equal to" operator Nash ...
... ing is the most important method for coloring cellulose fibers. Reactive dyes can also be applied on wool and nylon ... Carbene dye Cationization of cotton for salt-free dyeing Dyeing Dispersing agent for dyeing Horst Tappe, Walter Helmling, Peter ...
White Cotton/Other Fiber for Apparel. Sort By. Relevance. Newest. Oldest. Name (A - Z). Name (Z - A). Price ($ - $$$). Price ...
1.1 This practice covers procedures for taking a lot sample of cotton fibers, from a designated source (lot), and reducing the ... 1.2 This practice has been used extensively for commercial acceptance testing of cotton fibers as well as for arbitration ... Note 1-This practice is used in taking samples of cotton for testing by Test Methods D1440, D1442, D1445, D1447, D1448, D1464, ... a series of steps to produce test specimens that are representative of the source and suitable for the determination of fiber ...
Expression of epithelial membrane antigen and cytokeratin among Indian workers exposed to cotton fibre dust in textile ...
Tag: cotton count. Tables of Metric Conversions By Paivi Suomi on February 22, 2011. ... ALL FIBER ARTS Free patterns, information and resources for heritage textile crafts Friday, December 9th, 2022,. *Etsy ... FIBER ART WORKSHOPS. *Intro to Drop Spindle Yarn (Prairie du Sac, WI) ...
... combed cotton crochet yarn, #4 worsted medium weight. The most popular weight for knitting and crocheting. An ideal weight for ... Cotton Crochet Yarn Cotton Cotton Crochet Yarn 100% pure cotton crochet yarn. Worsted medium weight #4 100% cotton yarn. The ... Super Soft, 100% cotton. Cotton is such a great fiber for knitting and crochet. It is breathable and tends to get softer the ... Crochet Cotton Yarn - #4 - Lt. Pink - 50 gram skeins - 85 yds 100% combed cotton crochet yarn, #4. The most popular weight for ...
New Cotton Fiber Controls Bacteria August 14, 2017. Cotton fiber with silver nanoparticles. (Photo courtesy of Sunghyun Nam, ... An innovative research team has developed a cotton fiber that kills bacteria. The fiber can be used to make bandages, bedding, ... at the USDAs Southern Regional Research Center in New Orleans have found that including nanoparticles of silver within cotton ... For more information about the project, visit https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2017/jun/fibers/. ...
The curriculums fluffy-fiber focus is U.S. cotton production, processing and marketing systems along with an examination of ... Texas Tech Universitys Fiber and Biopolymer Research Institute (FBRI), in conjunction with the Lubbock Cotton Exchange, will ... Among the scheduled tours are Bayer CropSciences global cotton headquarters; USDA Classing Office to see how cotton is classed ... Precision agriculture, sustainability issues, pima cotton, cotton ginning and classing and bale selection ...
Pink Cotton/Other Fiber Floral Upholstery Fabric for Upholstery. Discount Fabric for Apparel and Home Decorating. ... Pink Cotton/Other Fiber Floral Upholstery Fabric for Upholstery. Sort By. Featured. Newest. Oldest. Name (A - Z). Name (Z - A) ...
... cotton scarves in numerous patterns and colors that shift and change with the length of the scarf. There is a short and soft ... Beautiful, woven, 100% cotton scarves in numerous patterns and colors that shift and change with the length of the scarf. There ...
Weaker fibers with medium length were produced under K-deficient conditions with micronaire values in the discount range. Fiber ... Upland cotton cultivar, TM-1, was seeded in the pots comprised of fine sand as rooting medium. Flowers and bolls were tagged ... Fiber length, strength, micronaire, and uniformity declined linearly with decrease in leaf K content. ... and fiber quality parameters were recorded for each group in each treatment. At high K deficient (0 K) condition, total biomass ...
... four-ply cotton/synthetic yarn mop head for high-volume use. Absorbs up to seven times its own weight. Heavy-duty, vinyl ... Super Loop Wet Mop Head Cotton Synthetic Fiber 5 Headband Large Size Green 12 Carton - Premium-quality, ... Boardwalk Super Loop Wet Mop Head Cotton Synthetic Fiber 5 Headband Large Size Green 12 Carton (BWK503GNCT). Brand: Boardwalk * ... Boardwalk Super Loop Wet Mop Head Cotton Synthetic Fiber 5 Headband X-Large Size White 12 Carton (UNS 504WH) UNISAN ...
Organic cotton yarn unlike any you have ever experienced! Blue Sky Fibers plied, worsted cotton is as soft as your favorit... ... A 100% Organic cotton yarn unlike any you have ever experienced! Blue Sky Fibers plied, worsted cotton is as soft as your ...
Ashford Cotton Hand Cards 190 psi. $89.00. Ashford Cotton Hand Cards 190 psi quantity. ... Cotton. View cart "Ashford Cotton Hand Cards 190 psi" has been added to your cart. ... Organic Upland Cotton Sliver. $11.00. - $12.50. Upland is widely cultivated in the states. It has short to medium staple length ...
50% extrafine merino wool/50% cotton. 16 sts = 4" (10cm). needle size US 9-10 (5.5-6mm). 109 yds (100m). 50g. ball/chainette. ... 2022 Fengari Fiber Arts. 415 Main Street , Half Moon Bay, CA 94019 , (650) 726-2550 Powered by Shopify ...
Blend Fiber, Polyester, S,M,L,XL,XXL 1368007 manufacturers, suppliers, producers, wholesalers and exporters in India and across ... Fabric type : Cotton,Blend Fiber, Polyester. Size (S,M,L,XL,XXL,Plus Size) : S,M,L,XL,XXL. ... T-shirt : Cotton,Blend Fiber, Polyester, S,M,L,XL,XXL Supplier Reference No : 1368007 ...
... indicating a role of caffeoyl derivatives in pigmentation of green cotton fibers. Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) ... Data from: Molecular analysis of caffeoyl residues related to pigmentation in green cotton fibers. Feng, Hongjie, Chinese ... The pigment components in green cotton fibers were isolated and identified as 22-O-caffeoyl-22-hydroxymonodocosanoin and 22-O- ... 2018), Data from: Molecular analysis of caffeoyl residues related to pigmentation in green cotton fibers, Dryad, Dataset, https ...
... cotton boll mass (CBM), fiber length (FL), fiber uniformity (FU), short fiber index (SFI), fiber strength (FS), fiber ... cotton boll mass (CBM), fiber length (FL), fiber uniformity (FU), short fiber index (SFI), fiber strength (FS), fiber ... cotton boll mass (CBM), fiber length (FL), fiber uniformity (FU), short fiber index (SFI), fiber strength (FS), fiber ... cotton boll mass (CBM), fiber uniformity (FU), short fiber index (SFI), fiber strength (FS), fiber elongation (FE), micronaire ...
Cotton Made in Africa (CmiA), Fairtrade Cotton, Organic Cotton, REEL, ISCC, and Recycled Cotton as a preferred cotton fiber. ... Cotton Trust Protocol. "The U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol is an industry-wide system that will guide U.S. cotton growers to ... U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol Added To Textile Exchanges List Of Preferred Fibers And Materials. April 27, 2020. ... "We are pleased to see the U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol recognized on Textile Exchanges list of preferred fibers and materials," ...
A lightweight cotton yarn, with low impact organic dyes, with a lovely muted palette. This is a wonderful cotton yarn to work ... Blue Sky Skinny Cotton Organic Yarn yarn in 304 Zinc is perfect for summertime knitting... a DK weight yarn with a smooth, ... blue sky fibers. Check out our fantastic assortment of all of Blue Sky Fibers luxury yarns, from their bulky alpaca to their ... Beautiful yarns in a range of amazing hues and stunning fibers and amazing patterns. From Blue Sky Organic Cotton to WOOLSTOK, ...
Clothes made out of cotton are especially light and comfortable . ... Cotton is a plant that produces fibers , which are used to make ... What Cotton is Used For. Every part of the cotton plant can be used. The long cotton fibers are used to make cloth , the short ... The importance of cotton fiber began to drop . By the middle of the 1970s cotton made up only one third of all fibers worldwide ... Gins separate the cotton fiber from the seeds . Cotton is then combed , dried, cleaned and pressed into bales . Cotton buyers ...
cotton cotton balls cotton bolls cotton bouquet cotton fiber cotton lint Cotton plants cotton swabs cotton with seed Dried ... cotton plants facial pad longstem cotton boll mature cotton plant natural cotton premium cotton fibers raw cotton swabs toilet ... Certified Ginned Cotton No Seed (lint cotton, raw cotton fiber). $8.25. - $49.50. ... Copyright 2020 © The Cotton Man , All Rights Reserved , Designed by HFB Technologies ...
Rex-Cut cotton fiber abrasives. A full line of cotton fiber abrasive products for grinding, deburring, polishing, and finishing ... Rex-Cut Cotton Fiber Abrasive Products feature multiple layers of non-woven cotton fabric impregnated with aluminum oxide or ... Unlike most bonded or coated abrasives, Rex-Cut Cotton Fiber Abrasive Products do not load up when working on softer metals or ...
Boardwalk BWK2020B No.20 Cotton/Synthetic Fiber Cut-End Standard Mop Head - Blue (12/Carton) ... Boardwalk BWK2020B No.20 Cotton/Synthetic Fiber Cut-End Standard Mop Head - Blue (12/Carton) Boardwalk Model: bwkn2020b ... Boardwalk BWK2020B No.20 Cotton/Synthetic Fiber Cut-End Standard Mop Head - Blue (12/Carton). Details. Clean up quicker with a ... Boardwalk BWK2020B No.20 Cotton/Synthetic Fiber Cut-End Standard Mop Head - Blue (12/Carton). Boardwalk Model: bwkn2020b ...
Visit the Workshop Tips and Clips page on the Slow Fiber Studios website to find videos on How to Properly Open and Use a Skein ... cotton thread measures 110 meters and is the kind specified by professional sashiko artisans in Yonezawa in Northern Japan. ... Visit the Workshop Tips and Clips page on the Slow Fiber Studios website to find videos on How to Properly Open and Use a Skein ... Slow Fiber Studios is not responsible for lost or stolen packages. Please contact your local post office with your tracking ...
Ikigai Fiber Chibi Paka Chunky (75% fine washable merino wool, 25% baby alpaca; 55 yds / 50.5 m per 50 g skein): 2 skeins each ...
World Cotton Day - on October 7 every year - is a celebration of the worlds most important natural fiber. Its a good time to ... The cotton story goes back over 5,000 years. Did you know that cotton was a driver for industrialization? Today, cotton fiber ... The fluffy fiber is found in many different products as an ideal and much-appreciated raw material.. Measured for value. Cotton ... World Cotton Day - on October 7 every year - is a celebration of the worlds most important natural fiber. Its a good time to ...
  • Worsted medium weight #4 100% cotton yarn. (threadart.com)
  • 100% combed cotton crochet yarn, #4. (threadart.com)
  • Premium-quality, four-ply cotton/synthetic yarn mop head for high-volume use. (wholesalejanitorialsupply.com)
  • A 100% Organic cotton yarn unlike any you have ever experienced! (woolandcompany.com)
  • Check out our fantastic assortment of all of Blue Sky Fibers luxury yarns, from their bulky alpaca to their Worsted Organic Cotton to Spud & Chloe Yarn, you're sure to find something amazing to tickle your needles from Blue Sky Fibers (formerly Blue Sky Alpacas! (fabulousyarn.com)
  • Then the fibers were spun into a 2-ply yarn for weaving. (wordpress.com)
  • This is incredibly rare, as only a few farms in the US are growing cotton organically (and making yarn from it, vs fabric). (bedheadfiber.com)
  • Cotton is one of the most heavily sprayed crops, with using 16% of the world's insecticides, and the main reason we don't have more cotton yarn bases. (bedheadfiber.com)
  • It is also popular to blend cotton with other fibers, such as wool, to produce uniquely textured yarn that shares qualities of both fibers. (nwyarns.com)
  • Indian cotton yarn imports surge - How is the volume from China? (ccfgroup.com)
  • Cotton and cotton yarn, fabrics, and textiles are Egypt's second leading group of exports. (britannica.com)
  • Another is re:newcell , a product that turns used cotton and viscose into new biodegradable pulp, new fibers, and new yarn. (fashinfidelity.com)
  • Sunghyan Nam and her colleagues at the USDA's Southern Regional Research Center in New Orleans have found that including nanoparticles of silver within cotton fabric is an inexpensive, environmentally safe way to control bacteria. (floridafarmbureau.org)
  • Rex-Cut Cotton Fiber Abrasive Products feature multiple layers of non-woven cotton fabric impregnated with aluminum oxide or silicon carbide abrasives which are compressed with varying bond hardness for use on stainless steel, aluminum, and exotics. (industrialsupplymagazine.com)
  • Interestingly, the remains of cotton fabric found in a cave in Mexico dated to around 5800 BCE show cotton use being developed at around the same time by a completely different culture halfway around the world. (nwyarns.com)
  • Cotton is a natural and biodegradable fabric hence it is environment friendly. (aanyalinen.com)
  • The length of the fibers makes the fabric strong. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Long fiber length gives more strength to the fabric that is why linen that has long fibers is more durable than cotton. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Cotton is a widely used fabric. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Cotton is the only fabric that is used to make clothes for children because cotton is soft and smooth. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Cotton is a breathable fabric so it is in demand of bedding manufacturer. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Specializing in the production and sales of various mask products suitable for spunlaced non-woven fabric.We are widely used in the manufacture of spunlaced non-woven fabrics with cupro fibers. (prius-tech.com)
  • This product can be made with different styles of grain, such as pearl grain, EF grain, etc.If this model is suitable for your products, then we believe that pure cotton spunlaced non woven fabric or cotton spunlaced non woven fabric is also a good choice, we can also supply. (prius-tech.com)
  • Description: The fabric is made of 70% cotton and 30% viscose fiber through spunlace process. (prius-tech.com)
  • Touched by Nature is an organic clothing brand with beautifully designed clothing, bibs, blankets, hair accessories and socks made of premium organic cotton fabric. (babymallonline.com)
  • Made of 91% organic cotton and 9% spandex, these maternity briefs offer a lightweight fabric that's breathable, soft, and comfortable. (potipoti.com)
  • This fabric option is an old mfsc favorite, the mighty "Okinawa 301", a 'hairy' 14 Oz. left-hand twill indigo denim, blend of 50% sugarcane fibers and 50% cotton, with a white/green line selvedge ID. (misterfreedom.com)
  • Featuring the Carhartt logo down the left sleeve, this 10.5 ounce, cotton/polyester blend fabric is great to wear year round. (seagearmarine.com)
  • We do not recommend using a liquid fabric softener or dryer sheet on any of our linens particularly 100% cotton. (thebellacottage.com)
  • Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) contains four genes (Gh4CL1 to Gh4CL4) encoding 4-coumarate:CoA ligase (4CL), key enzymes of the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway. (datadryad.org)
  • Both types of cotton share the same scientific name Gossypium Barbadense. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Upland Cotton - The scientific name for the upland is Gossypium Hirsutum that is native to Central America and Mexico. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Tree Cotton - The scientific name of tree cotton is Gossypium Arboreum that is native to India and Pakistan. (aanyalinen.com)
  • The Scientific name for the Levant cotton is Gossypium Herbaceum. (aanyalinen.com)
  • CB hexaploid cotton was developed by crossing Gossypium-hirsutum with Gossypium-armourianum. (cdc.gov)
  • A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS ) of cotton plant ( GOSSYPIUM ). (bvsalud.org)
  • Background: Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is the most important fiber crop of the world and commonly known as white gold. (who.int)
  • An incredibly special, limited release base that is an equal blend of US grown organic cotton and wool. (bedheadfiber.com)
  • Both the wool AND the cotton are organic, AND from the US. (bedheadfiber.com)
  • People in Europe were fascinated with cotton, as the thought of wool coming from a plant was a novel idea. (nwyarns.com)
  • Cotton-wool spots are known to represent nerve fiber layer infarcts. (medscape.com)
  • Clothing is made from soft, pliable fibers of vegetable cotton or flax, or of animal wool. (britannica.com)
  • The scaly fibers of wool can be spun and woven into cloth, or they may be tangled and pressed together as felt. (britannica.com)
  • Wool is much better for temperature extremes and wet weather, because countless spaces between the scales on the fiber trap the air, providing an insulating blanket. (britannica.com)
  • Our organic cotton and wool are spun using moderate and gentle techniques. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Maggie's sock knitters use heritage-style machines which are older, slower, and put less stress on the organic cotton and wool fibers. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Why aren't Maggie's Socks 100% Cotton or 100% Wool? (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Maggie's includes a percentage of other fibers (nylon, spandex, and Repreve) in addition to organic cotton or organic wool to help ensure our socks are durable, maintain their fit, and feel great. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Maggie's socks are primarily made from organic cotton or organic wool, with a mix of nylon and spandex. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Patients with AD should be advised to wear comfortable, soft, layered cotton clothing and to avoid contact with irritating fibers, such as wool products. (medscape.com)
  • Located approximately six miles east of the main campus, FBRI occupies 110,000 square feet of space allowing Texas Tech researchers to conduct testing and evaluation from the raw fiber stage through the finished textile product. (ttu.edu)
  • The Trust Protocol will now be one of 36 fibers and materials that over 170 participating brands and retailers can select from as part of Textile Exchange's Material Change Index program. (textileworld.com)
  • Textile Exchange defines a preferred fiber or material as one which results in improved environmental and/or social sustainability outcomes and impacts in comparison to conventional production. (textileworld.com)
  • We are pleased to see the U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol recognized on Textile Exchange's list of preferred fibers and materials," said Ken Burton, executive director of the U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol. (textileworld.com)
  • Textile Exchange encourages companies to accelerate their use of preferred fibers, and acknowledges and honors companies that recognize the importance of integrating a preferred fiber and materials strategy into their business practices. (textileworld.com)
  • 2. Maggie's socks are made from Certified Organic Fibers compliant with the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS). (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Growing cotton requires harmful pesticides and fertilisers, and textile-manufacturing plants release hazardous waste into land, water, and atmosphere. (fashinfidelity.com)
  • The specially spun fibers provide a smooth surface for premium printing vividity and sharpness. (nationalcybersecurity.com)
  • Spinners were usually preteen or teen girls, who had to constantly attend to the cotton being spun on machines. (ncpedia.org)
  • Their most proven 4-Way stretch boardshort to date, made from the most comfortable blend of upcycled coconut fibers, recycled polyester Repreve, and cotton. (hansensurf.com)
  • One apt description, first applied to Indian cotton was 'Woven Wind' - expressing the touch and feel of these fabrics. (ctaex.com)
  • Over many, many centuries, the use of cotton and cotton fabrics gradually spread from the Indian subcontinent to Asia, Europe, and Africa. (nwyarns.com)
  • All kinds of fabrics are made by knitting fibers and there are several techniques of weaving them to make fabrics. (aanyalinen.com)
  • These beautiful blender fabrics are 100% cotton, 44/45 inches wide. (artisticartifacts.com)
  • Made of 100% cotton gusset, 80% nylon, and 20% spandex, this underwear is breathable and won't irritate your skin as much as other fabrics. (potipoti.com)
  • The work of turning fibers into fabrics provides many millions of jobs throughout the world. (britannica.com)
  • Beautiful yarns in a range of amazing hues and stunning fibers and amazing patterns. (fabulousyarn.com)
  • Here at Northwest Yarns, we have cotton yarns for knitting, crocheting and weaving, cones of weaving cotton for looms, and cotton sliver in a variety of cultivars for all the spinners out there. (nwyarns.com)
  • The cotton fiber packing is braided from cotton yarns which had been pre-impregnated. (kaxiteseals.com)
  • In the above image, you can see, Sea Island and Pima cotton have the longest fibers that range from 0.5 inches to 2.0 inches. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Milled in Japan on narrow shuttle looms, from a blend of 50% Okinawan recycled sugar cane fibers and 50% cotton. (misterfreedom.com)
  • Fiber length, strength, micronaire, and uniformity declined linearly with decrease in leaf K content. (scirp.org)
  • Cotton can be precisely described with 14 quality characteristics - focusing on length, strength, fineness, color, maturity, trash and moisture content of the fiber. (ctaex.com)
  • Scrim is a polyester grid that helps anchor cotton fibers. (allbrands.com)
  • Cotton, macrofoam, polyester, and rayon swabs were used to sample coupons inoculated with a spore suspension of known concentration. (cdc.gov)
  • Cotton and viscose fibers are widely used in spunlaced nonwoven products, especially facial mask sheet and face cleaning wipes/dry towels. (prius-tech.com)
  • This processing turns it into a viscose or rayon fiber. (greensahm.com)
  • From each boll, the lint samples were collected and grouped based on average leaf potassium concentration during BMP, and fiber quality parameters were recorded for each group in each treatment. (scirp.org)
  • Cotton is one of the most economically important fiber crops and lint quantity and quality depend upon availability of nutrients and environmental conditions during growing season. (scirp.org)
  • Then seeds need to get separated from cotton lint, the process of separating them known as ginning. (aanyalinen.com)
  • The author recommends evaluation of worker exposures to thermal decomposition products of synthetic knit materials, use of gloves and provision of adequate ventilation during spot cleaning operations, noise dosimetry studies and audiometric testing of workers exposed to noise levels greater than 85 decibels, measurement of airborne solvent concentrations, characterization of thermal decomposition products from synthetic fibers, and analysis of airborne dust and lint. (cdc.gov)
  • Sweepers, also small boys, swept up the cotton fiber and lint from the floor and machinery to keep things running smoothly. (ncpedia.org)
  • China produces about 30% of the world's cotton fibre, mostly in the eastern part of the country. (english-online.at)
  • It is a true multi-talent: from jeans to banknotes (US paper money is made with 75% cotton and 25% linen), it is almost unthinkable to imagine our everyday life without cotton. (ctaex.com)
  • But during the colonial period of North America, heavy cotton production was discouraged by the English in order to protect their woolen and linen manufacturers, as well as the East India Company, which was responsible for much of the raw cotton imported to Europe. (nwyarns.com)
  • Linen is generally compared to it but the use of cotton is much wider than cotton because of its property and availability. (aanyalinen.com)
  • It is 80% cotton and 20% linen which makes it perfect for a spring/summer projects. (laughinghens.com)
  • In the second part of the 20th century people started to produce synthetic fibers , like nylon and acrylic. (english-online.at)
  • Organic cotton is made without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, so it is an environmentally-friendly alternative compared to traditional farming methods. (babymallonline.com)
  • Materials used were cotton, cotton blends, and various synthetic fibers. (cdc.gov)
  • In terms of materials, buyers of non-iron bras can also choose from models made of cotton, cotton blends, synthetic fibers or finer textiles. (artsdel.org)
  • The curriculum's fluffy-fiber focus is U.S. cotton production, processing and marketing systems along with an examination of the industry's latest machinery and equipment. (ttu.edu)
  • Humans realized very early that the soft, fluffy cotton fibers can be used to make comfortable clothes. (english-online.at)
  • The fluffy fiber is found in many different products as an ideal and much-appreciated raw material. (ctaex.com)
  • Light, fluffy fibers provide stuffing for articles such as upholstered furniture and life preservers. (britannica.com)
  • Organic cotton feels super soft on skin as the fibers are natural and breathable. (babymallonline.com)
  • Such sports bras are mostly made of a breathable functional fiber that perfectly fulfills its purpose even in strenuous activities. (artsdel.org)
  • slip™ Reusable Face Covering is designed with silk on both sides, a cotton inner lining gentle on delicate facial skin and adjustable ear loops and nose wire. (skinstore.com)
  • Made from 100% highest grade (6A) long fiber mulberry silk with a thickness of 22 momme 100% cotton inner. (skinstore.com)
  • Animal and vegetable fibers are produced by living cells, and every one but silk grows only to some natural length. (britannica.com)
  • Silk has a much smoother surface than cotton. (britannica.com)
  • Machine launder linens, 100% cotton, washable velvets and Silk & Sensibility (100% Poly. (thebellacottage.com)
  • It is caused by breathing in cotton dust or dusts from other vegetable fibers such as flax, hemp, or sisal while at work. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The exhibition offers a fascinating look at cotton's cultural history and shares surprising, new, but also controversial stories about the soft fiber (www.uebersee-museum.de/en/100-cotton). (ctaex.com)
  • The first evidence of cotton use was found in India and Pakistan, and dates back to around 6,000 B.C. That means cotton's been keeping people dressed for over 8,000 years. (ctaex.com)
  • Other types of cotton's fibers such as Upland cotton, Tree cotton, and Levant cotton are not that long in size. (aanyalinen.com)
  • They're made from 92% organic cotton and 8% spandex, meaning you'll feel good about wearing something safe for your baby and yourself. (potipoti.com)
  • The laces are also made of 15% spandex, 85% nylon, and its gusset is 100% cotton. (potipoti.com)
  • Cotton fiber shows an excellent resistance to thermal decomposition. (definetextile.com)
  • You can make oil or margarine out of the seeds of the cotton plant. (english-online.at)
  • After plowing the soil in spring cotton seeds are planted in rows by hand or machine. (english-online.at)
  • In 1793 an American, Eli Whitney, invented the cotton gin , a machine that separated seeds from fiber. (english-online.at)
  • The American Revolution freed the American colonies from the cotton growing restrictions of the British, and with the invention of the cotton gin (which removed cotton seeds, a previously labor intensive process) a new raw cotton farming industry was born in North America. (nwyarns.com)
  • Cotton fibers grow in a boll around the cotton seeds. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Made from the fine fibers that cover cotton seeds and sandwashed for a soft, sueded surface. (eileenfisher.com)
  • For more information about the project, visit https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2017/jun/fibers/ . (floridafarmbureau.org)
  • Cotton is known for its durability and absorbency but Egyptian and Pima cotton has extra-long-staple so they are stronger. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Sea Island cotton, Pima cotton, and Acala fibers have white color naturally. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Pima and Egyptian Cotton - Pima cotton and Egyptian cotton is also known as Extra-long-staple cotton. (aanyalinen.com)
  • These markers were selected based on their positions in the high density Upland cotton TM-1 x Pima cotton 3-79 map, and they covered the whole genome. (usda.gov)
  • So that water is able to penetrate into the cellulose network of the cotton fiber. (definetextile.com)
  • In addition, a large portion of the man-made fibers is produced from cellulose, which is obtained from cotton, a natural fiber. (britannica.com)
  • Deakin University in Australia has also developed a similar solution for recycling textiles that involves dissolving cotton and regenerating it into brand-new #cellulose - a complex, strong carbohydrate with many industrial uses. (fashinfidelity.com)
  • The U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol is an industry-wide system that will guide U.S. cotton growers to continuously improve and reduce their environmental footprint. (textileworld.com)
  • We will provide brands and retailers with aggregate data that track the efforts of U.S. cotton growers to improve water and soil conservation and reduce greenhouse gases. (textileworld.com)
  • The U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol is overseen by a multi-stakeholder Board of Directors comprised of representatives from brands and retailers, civil society and independent sustainability experts as well as the cotton-growing industry, including growers, ginners, merchants, wholesalers and cooperatives, mills and cottonseed handlers. (textileworld.com)
  • It's a good time to take a closer look at cotton from all the different angles - the growers and traders, spinners, fashion addicts and even museum visitors. (ctaex.com)
  • Some cotton growers and traders rely on their years of experience to set the right price for a batch of cotton, but over half of world cotton production is classed objectively by High Volume Instruments (HVI) from Uster Technologies. (ctaex.com)
  • By the mid-1800s, cotton growers of the United States were the top providers of cotton in the world, and were some of the wealthiest people in the nation. (nwyarns.com)
  • In this blog, we will know about all kinds of cotton fibers, length of cotton fibers, extra-long-staple, Short staple cotton, etc. (aanyalinen.com)
  • The unisex heavy cotton tee is the basic staple of any wardrobe. (nationalcybersecurity.com)
  • The longer fibers, which are called staple, are used for cloth, and the short or broken ones, for felt. (britannica.com)
  • The results for genetic correlations and path analysis reveal the difficulty of selection based on important fiber quality traits, especially fiber length, since most traits show a low cause-and-effect relationship, while other important traits have an undesirable cause-and-effect relationship. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Genetic diversity is the foundation for and provides the building blocks of cotton improvement. (usda.gov)
  • To better understand the genetic diversity of the cultivated Upland cotton and its structure at the molecular level, 193 Upland cotton cultivars collected from 26 countries were analyzed using 448 microsatellite (a kind of DNA marker) markers. (usda.gov)
  • Analysis of unique marker allele numbers indicated that the modern US Upland cotton had been losing its genetic diversity during the past century. (usda.gov)
  • Beautiful, woven, 100% cotton scarves in numerous patterns and colors that shift and change with the length of the scarf. (karenallen-fiberarts.com)
  • Fibers for clothing are twisted into thread, and the thread is woven into cloth ( see spinning and weaving ). (britannica.com)
  • Pocket bags: VintageFrench New Old Stock (NOS) woven stripe workwear twill, 100% cotton. (misterfreedom.com)
  • These man-made fibers are widely used in the wealthier nations of the world. (britannica.com)
  • Texas annually produces approximately 25 percent of the entire U.S.'s cotton crop, more than any other state. (ttu.edu)
  • It wasn't until 1607 that the first cotton crop was planted by Europeans in North America by the Jamestown settlers. (nwyarns.com)
  • Today cotton is grown throughout the world, and we depend on farm machinery rather than people to provide the labor for this crop. (nwyarns.com)
  • Although the United States and many other countries continue to grow cotton, China is now the number one producer of this crop. (nwyarns.com)
  • In many regions fibers rank with foodstuffs as a money crop. (britannica.com)
  • The transfer of caducous bract (CB) trait from hexaploid to tetraploid cultivars and the fiber properties of the hexaploid cotton were studied. (cdc.gov)
  • The average fiber strength after 6 years of selection was considerably greater than the strength of commercial cultivars, as measured on the Pressley tester. (cdc.gov)
  • The idea was so foreign to Europeans that for some time, cotton was thought to come from a vegetable lamb: a sheep that grew from a stalk like a plant. (nwyarns.com)
  • Throughout the ages human beings have used vegetable and animal fibers to make cloth, paper, rope, and many other useful articles. (britannica.com)
  • The coarse vegetable fibers used in mats are held in a mesh of cord. (britannica.com)
  • The average fiber length of the CB hexaploid ranged from less than 1 inch in the initial crops to a maximum of 1.12 inches after 6 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Cotton, for example, is one of the top five most valuable crops in the United States. (britannica.com)
  • Cotton and flax are also the primary constituents of high-quality rag papers. (britannica.com)
  • Upland cotton cultivar, TM-1, was seeded in the pots comprised of fine sand as rooting medium. (scirp.org)
  • In addition, the physical locations of these markers were also partially identified based on the reference sequence of the diploid G. raimondii (a relative of Upland cotton). (usda.gov)
  • The treatment of cotton fibers using different chemicals, such as alkalis, acids and salt solutions, has captured the attention of researchers because of their important effects in dyeing, cross-linking and mercerizing processes. (edu.au)
  • In the present era chemists and manufacturers make many fibers from chemicals. (britannica.com)
  • Our cotton is scoured (washed) during processing, using non-silicone detergent that does not contain petroleum solvents and less chemicals than normal detergents. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • Buying organic cotton also means you're supporting farmers who aren't using so many potentially dangerous chemicals. (greensahm.com)
  • Cotton can be harvested when the boll bursts open and shows the fibers inside. (english-online.at)
  • The fiber can be used to make bandages, bedding, upholstery, shoe liners and other products. (floridafarmbureau.org)
  • A full line of cotton fiber abrasive products for grinding, deburring, polishing, and finishing stainless steel, aluminum, and exotics is available from Rex Cut Products Inc. of Fall River, Massachusetts. (industrialsupplymagazine.com)
  • Unlike most bonded or coated abrasives, Rex-Cut Cotton Fiber Abrasive Products do not load up when working on softer metals or alloys and do not back transfer or smear on harder alloys. (industrialsupplymagazine.com)
  • Our cotton waste products have various applications in convectional and conversational industries. (dhkusa.com)
  • Cotton is not only used by us as clothes but also used by medical industries to make hygiene products for women. (aanyalinen.com)
  • It means pure cotton to use by doctors and hygiene products. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Our Sustainable cotton fiber one-piece thermal liner will keep your temperature sensitive products at the right temperature for 36 hours. (coldkeepers.com)
  • The United States exports more than 3 billion dollars' worth of cotton and cotton products a year. (britannica.com)
  • Using Certified Organic Fibers and following organic processing standards helps reduce the environmental impact from manufacturing our products. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • In a period of ever greater supply chain scrutiny and a growing demand for transparency, the U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol will set a standard for more sustainably grown cotton. (textileworld.com)
  • In the United States cotton is grown in the southern states, the biggest cotton producer is Texas. (english-online.at)
  • Cotton was first grown in Pakistan and the Nile valley about 3,000 years ago. (english-online.at)
  • By 220, cotton was being grown in southern China. (nwyarns.com)
  • We're so far removed from where the cotton is grown and processed that it's easy to miss the harms. (greensahm.com)
  • Tremendous amounts of fertilizers and pesticides are used on conventionally grown cotton. (greensahm.com)
  • Fiber properties of caducous bract hexaploid cottons. (cdc.gov)
  • Rex-Cut Finishing Sticks are made from our signature cotton fiber abrasive materials. (rexcut.com)
  • Breathing in (inhaling) the dust produced by raw cotton can cause byssinosis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Call your provider if you suspect that you have been exposed to cotton or other fiber dust at work and you have breathing problems. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Occupational pulmonary disease : focus on grain dust and health , proceedings of the International Symposium on Grain Dust and Health, held in Saskatoon, Canada, November 7-9, 1977 / edited by James A. Dosman, David J. Cotton. (who.int)
  • Key factors are long and uniform fiber length, optimal fineness for each application and high strength for precious fibers. (ctaex.com)
  • The average fiber fineness showed a wide variability. (cdc.gov)
  • The goal is to allow students and professionals to better understand the global cotton industry," said Annalisa Clark , communication and recruiting coordinator with Texas Tech's Department of Plant and Soil Science within the College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources . (ttu.edu)
  • By 1990 the demand for cotton clothes became bigger, simply because people saw that cotton was a natural fiber and very comfortable to wear. (english-online.at)
  • World Cotton Day - on October 7 every year - is a celebration of the world's most important natural fiber. (ctaex.com)
  • These scarves started with cotton fibers - spot dyed to leave areas of the natural cotton color. (wordpress.com)
  • We will also look at what are the types of cotton and the natural colors of all kinds of cotton fibers. (aanyalinen.com)
  • Natural fibers, however, still fill most of the needs for fiber in most of the world. (britannica.com)
  • A natural fiber differs in length from a thread or other filament. (britannica.com)
  • The natural qualities of the fibers fit them for special uses. (britannica.com)
  • Cotton is the most important natural fiber. (britannica.com)
  • It provides about four fifths of all natural fibers used, both in the United States and in world consumption. (britannica.com)
  • For our clothing, we source 100% organic cotton for natural-fiber, plastic-free apparel. (seashepherd.org)
  • Humans use many kinds of fibers to satisfy different personal, domestic, and industrial needs. (britannica.com)
  • Humans make fibers into useful objects by weaving, by plaiting, and by other ways of combining the various materials. (britannica.com)
  • These fibers ensure the stretch and recovery of our socks and preserves the life of the sock. (maggiesorganics.com)
  • DL Ultimate denim is made with water-efficent, botanic fibers paired with high-retention, stretch technology. (dl1961.com)
  • Call your provider if you have symptoms of byssinosis and exposure to cotton or other fibers. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Super Soft, 100% cotton. (threadart.com)
  • Unmercerized cotton has a beautiful matte finish and is not shiny, It is especially absorbent, making it perfect for washcloths, facial rounds or soft dish cloths. (threadart.com)
  • Blue Sky Fibers plied, worsted cotton is as soft as your favorite t-shirt. (woolandcompany.com)
  • Imported from Japan, this soft twist 100% cotton thread measures 110 meters and is the kind specified by professional sashiko artisans in Yonezawa in Northern Japan. (slowfiberstudios.com)
  • DMC Pearl Cotton - 100% cotton that is twisted to create a soft, colorfast fiber. (fiberpharmllc.com)
  • If you like to wear your underwear over your regular undies, then you'll be happy to know that these also come with a soft waistband made from extremely stretchy cotton elastic. (potipoti.com)
  • The smooth surface of cotton fibers makes them suitable for weaving into soft-textured cloth. (britannica.com)
  • Clothes made from organic cotton come easily to mind for most of us. (greensahm.com)
  • The Trust Protocol will join a portfolio of more sustainable cotton production initiatives including the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), Cotton Made in Africa (CmiA), Fairtrade Cotton, Organic Cotton, REEL, ISCC, and Recycled Cotton as a preferred cotton fiber. (textileworld.com)
  • We're pleased to add Trust Protocol cotton to our list of preferred fiber and materials, which will give brands and retailers another option to source sustainable cotton as they integrate preferred fibers into their business strategy. (textileworld.com)
  • It brings quantifiable and verifiable goals and measurement to the issue of sustainable cotton production and drives continuous improvement in key sustainability metrics. (textileworld.com)
  • Becoming a member of the Trust Protocol will give brands and retailers the data that provide critical assurances they need that the cotton fiber element of their supply chain is more sustainable, and free from both environmental and social risk. (textileworld.com)
  • Brands and retailers will gain access to U.S. cotton with sustainability credentials proven via data tools from Field to Market: The Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture, measured via the Field Calculator and verified with Control Union Certifications. (textileworld.com)
  • Such insects destroy almost 15 % of the world's cotton every year. (english-online.at)
  • India was the foremost cotton processing country for hundreds of years, and it's fitting that its traditions with the world's favorite fiber still hold good today. (ctaex.com)
  • Weaker fibers with medium length were produced under K-deficient conditions with micronaire values in the discount range. (scirp.org)
  • The concentration of 22-O-caffeoyl-22-hydroxymonodocosanoin was correlated positively with the degree of green fibers of color, indicating a role of caffeoyl derivatives in pigmentation of green cotton fibers. (datadryad.org)
  • The Uster cotton classing instrument was selected as an exhibit and visitors have the opportunity to try their hand as a cotton tester to determine color, length and price. (ctaex.com)
  • Green Natural's fiber color ranges from white to cream. (aanyalinen.com)
  • With this range of color, Pearl Cotton projects can be enhanced as well. (halcyonyarn.com)
  • Twelve types of 100% cotton threads (gauge and color combination) used for construction. (misterfreedom.com)
  • For spinning mills, cotton purchasing accounts for more than 50% of costs, so it's critical to get it right. (ctaex.com)
  • We are sourcing cotton waste from renowned spinning mills and undergoing various process with strict quality control in high tech factory to produce contamination free waste. (dhkusa.com)
  • Ethel Shockley and her husband moved off the farm they were renting in Virginia to work in the cotton mills of Burlington, NC in 1921. (ncpedia.org)
  • 1.1 This practice covers procedures for taking a lot sample of cotton fibers, from a designated source (lot), and reducing the lot sample through a series of steps to produce test specimens that are representative of the source and suitable for the determination of fiber properties according to established procedures. (astm.org)
  • Path analysis under multiple-trait BLUP proved to be suitable and useful for studying interrelationships among traits related to cotton fiber length. (scielo.org.ar)
  • The results suggest that at suitable pH values aqueous glycine solutions have the ability to enhance cotton fibers in ways very similar to mercerizing. (edu.au)