The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.
Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist's professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.
Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.
System of recording financial transactions.
Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))
Economic aspects of the field of medicine, the medical profession, and health care. It includes the economic and financial impact of disease in general on the patient, the physician, society, or government.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for medical services.
The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
An examination, review and verification of all financial accounts.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Economic aspects of the nursing profession.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Total pharmaceutical services provided by qualified PHARMACISTS. In addition to the preparation and distribution of medical products, they may include consultative services provided to agencies and institutions which do not have a qualified pharmacist.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Cost-sharing mechanisms that provide for payment by the insured of some portion of covered expenses. Deductibles are the amounts paid by the insured under a health insurance contract before benefits become payable; coinsurance is the provision under which the insured pays part of the medical bill, usually according to a fixed percentage, when benefits become payable.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A method of examining and setting levels of payments.
Method of charging whereby a physician or other practitioner bills for each encounter or service rendered. In addition to physicians, other health care professionals are reimbursed via this mechanism. Fee-for-service plans contrast with salary, per capita, and prepayment systems, where the payment does not change with the number of services actually used or if none are used. (From Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
An increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods resulting in a substantial and continuing rise in the general price level.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.
Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.
Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Visits made by patients to health service providers' offices for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Subsequent admissions of a patient to a hospital or other health care institution for treatment.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
Institutions with permanent facilities and organized medical staff which provide the full range of hospital services primarily to a neighborhood area.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Organizations which assume the financial responsibility for the risks of policyholders.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.
The room or rooms in which the physician and staff provide patient care. The offices include all rooms in the physician's office suite.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Nursing care given to an individual in the home. The care may be provided by a family member or a friend. Home nursing as care by a non-professional is differentiated from HOME CARE SERVICES provided by professionals: visiting nurse, home health agencies, hospital, or other organized community group.
Any system which allows payors to share some of the financial risk associated with a particular patient population with providers. Providers agree to adhere to fixed fee schedules in exchange for an increase in their payor base and a chance to benefit from cost containment measures. Common risk-sharing methods are prospective payment schedules (PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM), capitation (CAPITATION FEES), diagnosis-related fees (DIAGNOSIS-RELATED GROUPS), and pre-negotiated fees.
A system wherein reimbursement rates are set, for a given period of time, prior to the circumstances giving rise to actual reimbursement claims.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
A stand-alone drug plan offered by insurers and other private companies to beneficiaries that receive their Medicare Part A and/or B benefits through the Original Medicare Plan. It includes Medicare Private Fee-for-Service Plans that do not offer prescription drug coverage and Medicare Cost Plans offering Medicare prescription drug coverage. The plan was enacted as the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 with coverage beginning January 1, 2006.
The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.
Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Major administrative divisions of the hospital.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.

Financial incentives and drug spending in managed care. (1/393)

This study estimates the impact of patient financial incentives on the use and cost of prescription drugs in the context of differing physician payment mechanisms. A large data set was developed that covers persons in managed care who pay varying levels of cost sharing and whose physicians are compensated under two different models: independent practice association (IPA)-model and network-model health maintenance organizations (HMOs). Our results indicate that higher patient copayments for prescription drugs are associated with lower drug spending in IPA models (in which physicians are not at risk for drug costs) but have little effect in network models (in which physicians bear financial risk for all prescribing behavior).  (+info)

Who bears the burden of Medicaid drug copayment policies? (2/393)

This DataWatch examines the impact of Medicaid prescription drug copayment policies in thirty-eight states using survey data from the 1992 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey. Findings indicate that elderly and disabled Medicaid recipients who reside in states with copay provisions have significantly lower rates of drug use than their counterparts in states without copayments. After controlling for other factors, we find that the primary effect of copayments is to reduce the likelihood that Medicaid recipients fill any prescription during the year. This burden falls disproportionately on recipients in poor health.  (+info)

User charges in government health facilities in Kenya: effect on attendance and revenue. (3/393)

In this paper we study demand effects of user charges in a district health care system using cross-sectional data from household and facility surveys. The effects are examined in public as well as in private health facilities. We also look briefly at the impact of fees on revenue and service quality in government facilities. During the period of cost-sharing in public clinics, attendance dropped by about 50%. This drop prompted the government to suspend the fees for approximately 20 months. Over the 7 months after suspension of fees, attendance at government health centres increased by 41%. The suspension further caused a notable movement of patients from the private sector to government health facilities. The revenue generated by user fees covered 2.4% of the recurrent health budget. Some 40% of the facilities did not spend the fee revenue they collected, mainly due to cumbersome procedures of expenditure approvals. The paper concludes with lessons from Kenya's experience with user charges.  (+info)

The impact of alternative cost recovery schemes on access and equity in Niger. (4/393)

The authors examine accessibility and the sustainability of quality health care in a rural setting under two alternative cost recovery methods, a fee-for-service method and a type of social financing (risk-sharing) strategy based on an annual tax+fee-for-service. Both methods were accompanied by similar interventions aimed at improving the quality of primary health services. Based on pilot tests of cost recovery in the non-hospital sector in Niger, the article presents results from baseline and final survey data, as well as from facility utilization, cost, and revenue data collected in two test districts and a control district. Cost recovery accompanied by quality improvements increases equity and access to health care and the type of cost recovery method used can make a difference. In Niger, higher access for women, children, and the poor resulted from the tax+fee method, than from the pure fee-for-service method. Moreover, revenue generation per capita under the tax+fee method was two times higher than under the fee-for-service method, suggesting that the prospects of sustainability were better under the social financing strategy. However, sustainability under cost recovery and improved quality depends as much on policy measures aimed at cost containment, particularly for drugs, as on specific cost recovery methods.  (+info)

Protecting the poor under cost recovery: the role of means testing. (5/393)

In African health sectors, the importance of protecting the very poor has been underscored by increased reliance on user fees to help finance services. This paper presents a conceptual framework for understanding the role means testing can play in promoting equity under health care cost recovery. Means testing is placed in the broader context of targeting and contrasted with other mechanisms. Criteria for evaluating outcomes are established and used to analyze previous means testing experience in Africa. A survey of experience finds a general pattern of informal, low-accuracy, low-cost means testing in Africa. Detailed household data from a recent cost recovery experiment in Niger, West Africa, provides an unusual opportunity to observe outcomes of a characteristically informal means testing system. Findings from Niger suggest that achieving both the revenue raising and equity potential of cost recovery in sub-Saharan Africa will require finding ways to improve informal means testing processes.  (+info)

Improving quality through cost recovery in Niger. (6/393)

New evidence on the quality of health care from public services in Niger is discussed in terms of the relationships between quality, costs, cost-effectiveness and financing. Although structural attributes of quality appeared to improve with the pilot project in Niger, significant gaps in the implementation of diagnostic and treatment protocols were observed, particularly in monitoring vital signs, diagnostic examination and provider-patient communications. Quality improvements required significant investments in both fixed and variable costs; however, many of these costs were basic input requirements for operation. It is likely that optimal cost-effectiveness of services was not achieved because of the noted deficiencies in quality. In the test district of Boboye, the revenues from the copayments alone covered about 34% of the costs of medicines or about 20% of costs of drugs and administration. In Say, user fees covered about 50-55% of the costs of medicines or 35-40% of the amount spent on medicines and cost-recovery administration. In Boboye, taxes plus the additional copayments covered 120-180% of the cost of medicines, or 75-105% of the cost of medicines plus administration of cost recovery. Decentralized management and legal conditions in the pilot districts appeared to provide the necessary structure to ensure that the revenues and taxes collected would be channelled to pay for quality improvements.  (+info)


esearch note: does cost recovery for curative care affect preventive care utilization?  (+info)

Research note: price uncertainty and the demand for health care.(8/393)


Policies with value-based insurance design gained in popularity among US private employer-sponsored plans beginning in the 2000s13,14 and have since gained traction in public policy. For example, the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required health plans to include certain preventive drugs and services without cost-sharing, such as certain generic statins.15 More recently, the US federal government has charged the Medicare Advantage program (managed care coverage for older adults) and the TRICARE program (coverage for civilian personnel in the US Department of Defense) to pilot value-based insurance programs that reduce cost-sharing for targeted high-value health services.16,17 No other country explicitly uses value-based insurance design; however, policies more broadly aimed at aligning cost-sharing and value exist in other countries, albeit in different forms (e.g., France uses a form of value-based co-insurance design, wherein the level of co-insurance under the French social ...
Policies with value-based insurance design gained in popularity among US private employer-sponsored plans beginning in the 2000s13,14 and have since gained traction in public policy. For example, the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required health plans to include certain preventive drugs and services without cost-sharing, such as certain generic statins.15 More recently, the US federal government has charged the Medicare Advantage program (managed care coverage for older adults) and the TRICARE program (coverage for civilian personnel in the US Department of Defense) to pilot value-based insurance programs that reduce cost-sharing for targeted high-value health services.16,17 No other country explicitly uses value-based insurance design; however, policies more broadly aimed at aligning cost-sharing and value exist in other countries, albeit in different forms (e.g., France uses a form of value-based co-insurance design, wherein the level of co-insurance under the French social ...
Take a patient who has diabetes. If a health plan implements a value-based insurance design (VBID), the employers health plan will cover certain diabetes drugs for a reduced copayment. As a result of that reduced copayment, the patient continues to to use his diabetes drug, and therefore the condition is managed better. The employer and health plan see lower overall health care costs because of reduced complications.. Avalere Health, a consulting company, taking a page from the private insurer playbook, says that Medicare could immediately modernize its benefit structure by incorporating VBID because VBID tailors cost-sharing so that the beneficiary pays less for a needed medication or therapy, making him more likely to use it. The employer and health plan benefit because the patient has fewer costly complications.. The report, Value-Based Insurance Design in the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: An Analysis of Policy Options, points out that Medicare Part D, with its 26 million enrollees, is ...
Value-based insurance design bases cost sharing on a medications clinical value, not its price. This study shows the effectiveness of value-based insurance design.
In an effort to alleviate their rising health care costs, employers have sought to share more of these expenses with their workers. To assess the impact of changes in employee cost-sharing on the use, cost, and quality of preventive and therapeutic care, the project investigators will examine medical claims and personnel data at two or three St. Louis firms for up to 70,000 employees and dependents. The analysis will include a special focus on workers earning low to moderate wages. If this work proceeds satisfactorily, a second phase will be proposed to assess the effect of cost-sharing on emergency room visits, inpatient hospitalization, and mortality. Study findings will inform policymakers and employers about the personal health and financial implications of imposing higher levels of cost-sharing. Cofunders are being sought for this project.. ...
New Alexander-Murray bipartisan bill includes V-BID Senators Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Patty Murray (D-WA) reached an agreement on Tuesday, October 17th regarding their bipartisan bill to fund key insurance subsidies. The cost-sharing reduction payments reimburse insurance companies for lowering deductibles, co-payments and other out-of-pocket costs for low-income customers. Page 11 of the draft bill language includes a section on value-based insurance designs: (iii) waivers encouraging or requiring health plans in such State to deploy value-based insurance designs which structure enrollee cost-sharing and other health plan design elements to encourage enrollees to consume high-value clinical services; Value-Based Insurance Design (V-BID) is a potential solution built on the principle of lowering or removing financial barriers to essential, high-value clinical services and providers. V-BID plans align patients out-of-pocket costs, such as copayments and deductibles, with the value of ...
Last week, CMS asked Medicare Advantage Organizations for feedback on Medicare Advantage Value Based Insurance Design model test that will begin on January 1, 2017
This paper develops a model of health insurance that incorporates behavioral biases. In the traditional model, people who are insured overuse low value medical care because of moral hazard. There is ample evidence, though, of a different inefficiency: people underuse high value medical care because they make mistakes. Such behavioral hazard changes the fundamental tradeoff between insurance and incentives. With only moral hazard, raising copays increases the efficiency of demand by ameliorating overuse. With the addition of behavioral hazard, raising copays may reduce efficiency by exaggerating underuse. This means that estimating the demand response is no longer enough for setting optimal copays; the health response needs to be considered as well. This provides a theoretical foundation for value-based insurance design: for some high value treatments, for example, copays should be zero (or even negative). Empirically, this reinterpretation of demand proves important, since high value care is ...
In light of the varied requirements and flexibilities pertaining to the design of benefit packages and to cost-sharing amounts in Medicaid and the Marketplace, and to illustrate the impact of different state policy choices on working people with disabilities, this issue brief considers the rules as they might affect representative individuals in different situations. The rest of this paper presents three profiles of hypothetical working people with disabilities and examines how their benefits and cost-sharing obligations may differ as they move between Medicaid state plan and new adult ABP coverage and between Medicaid and Marketplace QHPs. The analysis focuses on selected categories of benefits that are important to many people with disabilities, including mental health and substance use treatment services, prescription drugs, rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices, and LTSS.. The analysis considers the benefits and cost-sharing rules that apply to newly eligible adults in ...
PERRY COUNTY - The Perry County Soil and Water Conservation District has received a Clean Water Indiana Grant to be used for a cost-sharing program for pasture and land used for hay production. The purpose of this cost-share program is to provide technical and financial assistance to Perry County landowners for pasture and hay land planting this fall. The program is open to all Perry County landowners and offers a cost-share payment of 50 percent of the actual cost for a pasture-hay land planting, not to exceed $150 per acre with a cap of $750 per landowner.
DOWNERS GROVE - The Downers Grove Village Council voted unanimously Tuesday to expand the cost-share program to help churches make capital improvements that would reduce their stormwater fees.
Owen County farmers will soon be able to pick up applications for the new Phase I cost-share program. The program applications will be available for pick-up at the extension office Monday. The deadline for completing the applications and turning them in is Sept. 9.
The Houston-Galveston Area Council has been collecting aerial imagery for the Houston-Galveston metropolitan region since 2000. Imagery is flown by highly qualified orthoimagery companies, and delivered to cost-share participants within 6-8 months of flight times.. ...
Background: Treatment for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) that is not concordant with the NCCN Guidelines for Breast Cancer has been associated with higher healthcare utilization and payer costs. However, a significant knowledge gap exists regarding the impact of guideline-discordant care on patient cost responsibility. This study examined this question among patients with MBC in the year postdiagnosis. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used data from the SEER-Medicare linked database from 2000 through 2013. Guideline discordance, defined by year-specific NCCN Guidelines, was assessed for first-line antineoplastic treatment and grouped into discrete categories. Patient cost responsibility (deductibles, coinsurance, copayments) in women with MBC were summed for all medical care received in the year postdiagnosis. The difference in patient cost responsibility by guideline discordance status was estimated using linear mixed-effect models. Results: Of 3,709 patients with MBC surviving at least ...
In recent weeks, the market has been inundated with evaluations of value-based insurance design (VBID) so its no surprise that I was asked to comment on a recent study of VBID published in American Health and Drug Benefits. For one large employer, asthma patients who volunteered to participate in a care management program that included…
H.R. 1995. To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide for national testing of a model of Medicare Advantage value-based insurance design to meet the needs of chronically ill Medicare Advantage enrollees. In, a database of bills in the U.S. Congress.
This brief discusses how coverage, federal spending and private premiums could change if the federal government stopped reimbursing insurers for the ACAs cost-sharing reductions.
A continually popular question that I receive is how high can specialty copays be set before patients stop taking their medication? Unfortunately, empirical data to guide the answer to this question is fairly limited. Four studies of elasticity of specialty medications have been published, most examining data from the early to mid-2000s. The first…
It is often argued that cost-sharing -- charging a subsidized, positive price -- or a health product is necessary to avoid wasting resources on those who will not use or do not need the product. We explore this argument through a field experiment in Kenya, in which we randomized the price at which prenatal clinics could sell long lasting anti-malarial insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) to pregnant women. We find no evidence that cost-sharing reduces wastage on those that will not use the product: women who received free ITNs are not less likely to use them than those who paid subsidized positive prices. We also find no evidence that cost-sharing induces selection of women who need the net more: those who pay higher prices appear no sicker than the average prenatal client in the area in terms ...
Free Online Library: WTO patient costs poverty report. by International News; News, opinion and commentary General interest Poverty Economic aspects Reports
The drug, called Aduhelm, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration this week and quickly sparked controversy over its price tag and questionable benefits.
CHICAGO - New research suggests giving patients easier-to-take medicine and no-copay medical visits can help drive down high blood pressure, a major contributor to poor health and untimely deaths nationwide.
Learn the top 3 things to know about a COVID-19 vaccine including when it is coming, whether there will be a cost-share and how limited supplies may be handled.
Ever wondered how to buy shares in Costco Wholesale Corporation? We explain how and compare the best share dealing platforms. Plus a detailed analysis of the discount stores specialists financials and forecast.
After mentioning it for months, President Donald Trump has officially decided to stop paying the cost-sharing reduction subsidies that help insurers keep premiums down for lower-income Americans.
Apr 24, 20 11:50 PM. If the patient had an inhaler and based on the directions it would be a 60 day supply which the insurance charges two copays. He says he cant afford 2. Read More. ...
Copayments, rather than coinsurance, apply to the majority of workers covered by health plans that have three or more drug tiers, according to a recent Kaiser Family Foundation report. Percentages vary slightly across drug types, mostly because some plans have copayments for some drug tiers and coinsurance for others.. For members in plans with three or more tiers of cost sharing, average copayments in 2011 were consistent with the amounts reported in 2010, says the report. The 2011 averages were $10, $29, $49, and $91.. Coinsurance levels can be described in a similar way.. Members in plans with three, four, or more tiers of cost sharing for prescription drugs who pay coinsurance rather than copayments face coinsurance levels that average 18 percent for first-tier drugs, 25 percent for second-tier drugs, and 39 percent for third-tier drugs - similar to the percentages reported last year.. The report says 14 percent of covered workers are in a plan that has four or more tiers of cost sharing for ...
Of the many factors that contribute to poor medication adherence among the chronically ill, the portion of drug costs borne by patients appears to be central. Pitney Bowes is one of a handful of large employers and insurers that have begun experimenting with reduced copays for essential medications. In 2007, the company reduced or eliminated cost-sharing for medications used to treat coronary artery disease and osteoporosis, with the goal of improving employees medication adherence and health outcomes. This project will examine Pitney Bowes claims data to determine the impact that reduced copayments have had on medication adherence, clinical outcomes, health care utilization, and costs. The findings will aid employers, private insurers, the Medicare program, and policymakers in crafting changes to the structure of health benefits that lead to increased use of prescription drugs known to be effective for managing chronic disease.. ...
Why Certify?. Organic certification allows a farm or processing facility to sell, label, and represent their products as organic in the marketplace. Certification by USDA-accredited agents often adds significant value to products, helping to increase farmer revenues, and also helps to ensure that all organic products meet or exceed national organic standards.. The process of transitioning to organic requires significant time and resources for inspection, licensing, certification, and proper bookkeeping. By certifying and applying to the cost-share program, farmers can significantly reduce some of their financial resource burden.. Cost Share Funding - Authorization and Appropriations. Support for the cost-share program pulls from funds authorized in the 2014 Farm Bill, which increased funding for NOCCSP and kept AMA funding unchanged from the 2008 Farm Bill.. While full mandatory funding was available for both programs in FY 2016, Congressional appropriators are still in the process of ...
Coinsurance and Insurance Plans - Coinsurance and insurance plans come with a wide range of options. Learn about coinsurance and insurance plans and find out how indemnity insurance works.
o assess the potential financial impact of increased patient cost sharing, HSC used actuarial models to estimate patients expected average annual out-of-pocket costs under a range of benefit structures for single coverage (see Data Source). Benefit Option 1 serves as the baseline, with patient cost sharing of $10 for primary care and specialist visits and no deductible (see Table 1). Option 2, which doubles physician visit copayments and includes a $150 copayment for emergency department visits and a $250 per day inpatient hospital copayment, represents typical copayment increases. Next, out-of-pocket costs for benefit structures with successively higher levels of deductibles and coinsurance (Options 3, 4, 5 and 6) are estimated for up to a $2,500 deductible with 30 percent coinsurance for in-network care and 50 percent coinsurance for out-of-network care.. Patients total out-of-pocket costs typically are capped by maximum out-ofpocket limits. In 2002, 41 percent of people in preferred provider ...
OKLAHOMA CONSERVATION COMMISSION CONSERVATION COST-SHARE PROGRAM Locally Led - Program Year 12 Allocation Period: December 7, 2009 - June 30, 2010 Program Year Completed: June 30, 2011 PREPARED BY OKLAHOMA CONSERVATION COMMISSION CONSERVATION PROGRAMS DIVISION This publication is issued by the Oklahoma Conservation Commission as authorized by Mike Thralls, executive director. Copies have not been printed but are available through the agency website, http:/ BY AREA AREA I AMOUNT AMOUNT UNOBLIGATED ALLOCATED OBLIGATED AMOUNT DISTRICT PY 12 PY 12 PY 12 Alfalfa $ 20,500.00 $ 13,174.03 $ 7,325.97 Beaver $ 20,500.00 $ 20,683.96 $ (183.96) Blaine $ 12,300.00 $ 12,241.25 $ 58.75 Central North Canadian River $ 10,250.00 $ 10,000.00 $ 250.00 Cimarron County $ 12,300.00 $ 9,305.00 $ 2,995.00 Cimarron Valley $ 16,400.00 $ 4,755.00 $ 11,645.00 Dewey $ 20,500.00 $ 20,500.00 $ - East Canadian $ 12,300.00 $ 12,036.09 $ 263.91 East Woods $ 12,300.00 $ 9,730.00 $ 2,570.00 Ellis $ 20,500.00 $ ...
Jul 1, 2020 • Products & Programs / Pharmacy Beginning July 1, 2020, most of Empire BlueCross BlueShields (Empire) ACA-complaint non-grandfathered health plans will cover pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medication at 100% with no member cost share, when used for prevention of HIV and dispensed at an in-network pharmacy with a prescription. Since medications used for PrEP can also be used to treat HIV, Empire will review medical and pharmacy claims data to determine if a member has been diagnosed and prescribed treatment for HIV or prescribed PrEP for preventive purposes. When prescribed for prevention of HIV, this drug is covered with no member cost share. When prescribed for treatment of HIV, member cost shares apply based on the members benefit plan. Coverage includes Truvada (200- 300 mg), and its generic components, Emtriva 200mg and tenofovir 300mg. When medically necessary, a prior authorization process is available for Descovy to be covered with no member cost share when used for ...
Organic Producers and Handlers May Apply for Certification Cost Share Reimbursements; Expanded Eligibility for Transition and State Certification Cost WASHINGTON, Dec. 21, 2016 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced that starting March 20, 2017, organic producers and handlers will be able to visit over 2,100 USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) offices to apply for federal reimbursement to assist with the cost of receiving and maintaining organic or transitional certification. USDA reimburses organic producers up to 75 percent of the cost of organic certification, but only about half of the nations organic operations currently participate in the program, said FSA Administrator Val Dolcini. Starting March 20, USDA will provide a uniform, streamlined process for organic producers and handlers to apply for organic cost share assistance either by mail or in person at USDA offices located in almost every rural county in the country. USDA is making changes to increase participation ...
Accompanying editorial calls for further refinements in value-based insurance design to reduce unintended use of low-value care, reports the latest issue of The American Journal of Managed Care®. May 14, 2019 10:40 AM Eastern Daylight Time CRANBURY, N.J.-(BUSINESS WIRE)-When a large national employer removed cost sharing for primary care visits, medical utilization fell, as did […]. Read More ...
The MarketScan claims database contains information about health benefit claims and encounters for several million individuals each year provided by large employers. The advantage of using claims information to look at out-of-pocket spending is that we can look beyond the plan provisions and focus on actual payment liabilities incurred by enrollees. A limitation of these data is that they reflect cost sharing incurred under the benefit plan and do not include balance-billing payments that beneficiaries may make to health care providers for out-of-network services or out-of-pocket payments for non-covered services. We use a sample of between 1.05 million and 15.3 million enrollees per year to analyze the change from 2006 to 2016 in average health costs for covered benefits overall, the average amount paid by health benefit plans, and the average amounts attributable to deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance. The analysis of costs for each year was limited to enrollees with more than six months ...
Health, ...New York NY November 2 2010An initiative by the U. S. technology co...The study led by Niteesh K. Choudhry at Brigham and Womens Hospital...Pitney Bowes also lowered copayments for all employees and beneficiari...According to the authors the findings are significant because this is...,Eliminating,or,reducing,cost-sharing,for,high-value,prescription,drugs,improves,medication,use,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Alicia: UnLeashed! July 2019 article: Copays, Caps and Cost Savings: A look at recent apparent efforts to reduce the cost of living with diabetes.
New research suggests that parents in low-income families were less likely to delay asthma care for their children if they had lower levels of health insurance cost-sharing.
The Trump administration is discontinuing cost-sharing reduction payments to health insurance companies, according to a statement released by HHS Acting Secretary Eric Hargan and CMS Administrator Seema Verma.
President Donald Trump plans to end the cost-sharing subsidies that have helped some lower-income Americans purchase health insurance on the Obamacare marketplace.
President Donald Trump plans to end the cost-sharing subsidies that have helped some lower-income Americans purchase health insurance on the Obamacare marketplace.
Trump boxed in on health subsidies after states legal win. The Washington Post: Jonathan Adler, the Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law, weighed in on whether President Donald Trump has the authority to cut cost-sharing reduction payments through the Affordable Care Act after a group of states were granted the right to defend the subsidies.. ...
The waiver of coinsurance and deductibles owed by patients treated by physicians and other health care providers has come under increased scrutiny recently. Although there are no clear legal prohibitions, commercial health insurers have aggressively pursued out-of-network provides who fail to collect or waive amounts owed by their insureds under different statutory regulations.
Using statistical analysis drawing on new data sources, this research project empirically analyzes the impact of deposit insurance on banks, on the stability of the banking system, and on the way a countrys financial system evolves. Our ultimate purpose is to turn the considerable amount of theoretical work on financial regulation in developed countries into a tested body of theory that can support reliable policy recommendations about how to tailor deposit insurance design to the particular environments of developing countries. Policy advice given by Bank economists on deposit insurance design must be sensitive to variations in institutional starting points and transition costs. There is no one-size-fits-all solution to individual country problems of financial reform and development. We expect the results to significantly enhance our understanding of issues in deposit insurance design and improve Banks policy advice in this area ...
Based on surveys of the individual and small-group insurance market, examines the distribution of purchasers of each type of coverage among various deductibles. Outlines median coinsurances, annual out-of-pocket maximums, and copayments for each level.
Anderson County farmers can sign up beginning Feb. 1 for the state cost share program. Sign-ups will continue through Feb. 28 at Anderson County Conservation District, 145 W. Woodford St., Lawrenceburg. Hours are Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. For details, call 839-5567.
Q: Is balance billing legal?. A: In some circumstances it is and in some it is not.. Healthcare providers that are in-network have agreed to accept the insurance plans negotiated fees. Balance billing would not be permitted under an in-network agreement because the healthcare provider has agreed to accept the negotiated fees as payment in full plus any applicable deductible, coinsurance, or copay. In the above example this would mean that the healthcare provider would accept the $200 plus the $100 (deductible, coinsurance, or copay amount) as payment in full and would adjust off the remaining $200 balance. In this situation, balance billing is NOT legal.. Healthcare providers that are out-of-network have not agreed to accept the insurance plans negotiated fees and could balance bill the patient. Without a signed agreement between the healthcare provider and the insurance plan, the healthcare provider is not limited in what they may bill the patient and may seek to hold the patient responsible ...
January 10, 2014 ( - The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013, signed into law in December, increases both the flat- and variable-rate single-employer Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) premiums.
By the early 1960s, it was glaringly obvious that the private insurance sector was incapable of funneling elderly, poor, and disabled patients into the health care system. The fact that these companies business model was incompatible with supporting those who most needed it ought to have been a decisive repudiation against private insurers right to be doing this in the first place.. Instead, the US government enacted Medicare and Medicaid in 1965, shifting the care of vulnerable populations to the public sector and leaving the easiest and cheapest patients in the same private market whose failures the government had just stepped in to alleviate. Even worse, these new federal programs eventually adapted one of the private sectors cost-reduction tricks: the copayment.. The cliched justification for charging copays is to relieve doctors offices of the burden of patients showing up at the first sign of a sniffle. (Never mind that we observe no such behavior among the wealthy, for whom copays are ...
IEHP DualChoice Cal MediConnect Plan (Medicare-Medicaid Plan) is a Health Plan that contracts with both Medicare and Medi-Cal to provide benefits of both programs to enrollees. This is not a complete list. The benefit information is a brief summary, not a complete description of benefits. Limitations, copays, and restrictions may apply. Copays for prescription drugs may vary based on the level of Extra Help you receive. Benefits and copayments may change on January 1 of each year. The List of Covered Drugs and pharmacy and provider networks may change throughout the year. We will send you a notice before we make a change that affects you. For more information, call IEHP DualChoice Member Services or read the IEHP DualChoice Member Handbook. Information on this page is current as of September 30, ...
The wallet opens up directly to the activity screen, which is set to whichever wallet was previously used. T. · While its Bitcoin-only, Copay Bitcoin Wallet has a lot going for it. The extra security of using different addresses for each bitcoin transaction is also a positive security feature alongside multisignature capabilities. They are two different cryptocurrencies and these negative reviews are unwarranted. Copay Bitcoin Wallet allows users to check prices in over 150 currencies. It is available for Android, iOS, OSX, Windows, Linux, Chrome, Firefox. · Copay is een van de eerste wallets die volledig het Bitcoin Payment Protocol (BIPondersteunt voor het zeker uitvoeren van alle transacties. There are several wallets, such as Electrum, that have all of the above seven features and more-so what makes Copay special? Visit BreadWallets Website BreadWallet review coming soon! · Copay is a hierarchical deterministic (HD) bitcoin wallet that was built to secure BitPay funds. · Copay is one ...
In 2018 the average employer in the US spent on healthcare $16,900 per (insured) employee per year. That number comes from Milliman Care Guidelines, a national organization that gives guidelines for good care and whose recommendations are followed by thousands of hospitals.. Mind you, thats NOT premiums … thats the actual cost of medical care that the employees incurred and paid for, either directly (deductibles, copays, coinsurance) or via the plan (what the plan paid on their behalf). Premiums were on top and would add an additional 18-20% to that number.. That number is calculated at the cost per employee per year. Yet some people are young, others old, some groups have lost of families; some are mostly singles. High-cost areas, low-cost areas.. If your group is younger than average, thatll reduce the yearly cost; older will increase it. If you have more than the average number of employees with dependents, that will increase that cost; mostly singles will reduce it.. The key isnt so ...
If there are still documents that you do not have, you should not put off your application because you can submit them later during the interview process. Some few members of MaineCare pay a premium. This is what you pay every month for the insurance coverage. Once your application has been approved, the notice of decision of your eligibility in the program will notify you if you must pay a monthly premium. You will receive a coupon every month you owe if you are required to pay. Return it, along with your payment when its due. Do not disregard this since you may lose your coverage if you do not pay. There are services and prescription drugs that have co-payments. How much you need to pay is based on the amount MaineCare pays for the medical service or drugs (unless you are exempted). Once you have paid 5% of the income you have each month, you no longer need to make additional co-payments. The following are the services that have co-payments: ...
There is not an all-inclusive list of drugs for all of the categories because there are a large number of generics and many preferred...
New health insurance policies beginning on or after Sept. 23 must cover _ without charge _ preventive care thats backed up by the best scientific evidence. Most people will see this benefit, part of the Obama administrations health care overhaul, starting Jan. 1.
I know bisqueing about copays when many dont even have insurance seems bisque-y, but they add up! On top of medications, those $30-50 visits are tough when there are multiples and then copays for tests too. Id need about $450 to do all the things Im supposed to do (including endoscopy with anesthesia). But when everything is just in a mountain of small bills, they wont work with you. All my physical therapy bills are under $100 and each visit is a new account number, so they wont even do a payment plan ...
Hamilton County Property Assessor Marty Haynes wants to set the record straight about sharing reappraisal costs with the countys 10 cities.
A new study by researchers at RTI International has found that cancer patients faced with increased Medicaid copayments are less likely to comply with their prescription drug treatments.
The Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) recently finalized Statement No. 78, intended to help certain governments meet the reporting requirements of GASB Statement No. 68, Accounting and Financial Reporting for Pensions-an amendment of GASB Statement No. 27. Read more here.
Christine Roberts has been publishing a blog about ERISA matters titled E is for ERISA since 2011. Read more about Christine and her blog here: See Christines latest postings the blogs main page here: ...
Currently enacted child support guidelines primarily focus on maintaining childrens economic well-being when a single household is split into two. This article
Now that Trump wants to take away birth control funding, you could have to pay on average $600 more per year in copays. And if you want to get an IUD, it could cost you up to $1,100 - it basically amounts to a woman tax. But dont fret: This brillian…
Your Financial Responsibility. A significant part of the trust involved in the Doctor-Patient relationship involves each person fulfilling their responsibilities toward each other. One of the patients, or parents, responsibilities is to pay for services provided. Please read and be familiar with the policies below.. Payment. Payments may be made by mail or by calling 615-543-2270 or 615-859-6650. Statements with an outstanding balance must be paid on receipt of statement. All accounts over 90 days old are considered delinquent and subject to collection. We accept cash, checks, debit cards, and all major credit cards. First Visit. New patients are asked to pay on the day of their first visit. We will try to verify your deductible prior to your appointment to give you an estimate of payment. Insurance co-payments are always due at the time of service.. Deductibles. Until you have met your deductible, we require a $50.00 deposit at each visit. This deposit does not apply to any previous balance on ...
Pre-existing condition:. Pays up to $1,000 subject to the chosen Deductible and Coinsurance for Covered Medical Expenses resulting from a sudden, unexpected recurrence of a Pre-existing Condition while traveling outside the Covered Persons Home Country. This benefit does not include coverage for known, scheduled, required, or expected medical care, drugs or treatments existent or necessary prior to the Effective Date of coverage. ...
espondents agreed that CalPERS size and leverage in California health care markets were important to carrying out the reference pricing program, but some believed other California purchasers with less leverage still have an opportunity to do this by closely following CalPERSs lead and directing their enrollees to CalPERS-designated hospitals.. As one health plan respondent explained, Small employers shouldnt expect that hospitals not on the [designated] list would be motivated to modify their prices [to accommodate that employers reference pricing program] since their employees represent such a small fraction of [the hospitals] book of business. But, the employers will benefit from savings if they can steer their members to the lower-price hospitals. Similarly, in markets outside of California, purchasers could likely establish a reference pricing program by steering members to low-price providers through cost-sharing incentives. However, without a large number of enrollees in a ...
Ive been thinking about this lately, because I like to use this argument, myself. Ive heard it said this way: Pay the farmer now, or pay the doctor later. I tend to agree, BUT…in thinking about the economics of health care these days, Im not so sure it works this way anymore. I am NOT an expert in this stuff, so if Im dead wrong here, someone please chime in and help me understand.. The way I see it, unless youre uninsured, your health care costs *dont* generally reflect your state of health. If you have decent insurance, you could be on a hundred prescriptions and have to see five different doctors every month and even though yes, you might have some nominal copays, your costs arent all that astronomical. There *isnt* much of a financial incentive to be proactive about health for the well-insured. Its the people who would have to pay out of pocket for every doctor visit and every bottle of pills who really need to focus on preventive care.. The long-term incentive for people to ...
Ive been thinking about this lately, because I like to use this argument, myself. Ive heard it said this way: Pay the farmer now, or pay the doctor later. I tend to agree, BUT…in thinking about the economics of health care these days, Im not so sure it works this way anymore. I am NOT an expert in this stuff, so if Im dead wrong here, someone please chime in and help me understand.. The way I see it, unless youre uninsured, your health care costs *dont* generally reflect your state of health. If you have decent insurance, you could be on a hundred prescriptions and have to see five different doctors every month and even though yes, you might have some nominal copays, your costs arent all that astronomical. There *isnt* much of a financial incentive to be proactive about health for the well-insured. Its the people who would have to pay out of pocket for every doctor visit and every bottle of pills who really need to focus on preventive care.. The long-term incentive for people to ...
PS. A grand a year on GP copayments would pinch us, but not cripple us. But an awful lot of chronic patients are seriously poor, and I dont see why they should be punished for needing a new prescription. ...
This week, the top managed care articles included a report from the Congressional Budget Office on the impact of eliminating the cost-sharing reduction payments; a decision from CMS to eliminate 2 mandatory bundled payment programs; and a new value-based alliance that called for ending use of a test for diagnosing heart attacks.
... can be audited and must be allowable under cost principles and verifiable to records. A cost-sharing mechanism is ... "Cost Sharing". "What is Cost Sharing". UC Davis Accounting and Financial Services. October 2018. v t e (Health ... In health care, cost sharing occurs when patients pay for a portion of health care costs not covered by health insurance. The " ... In accounting, cost sharing or matching means that portion of project or program costs not borne by the funding agency. It ...
Cost(Alice), Cost(Both)/2, Cost(Both)-Cost(George)], Payment(George,Both) = median[Cost(George), Cost(Both)/2, Cost(Both)-Cost( ... Cost(Both)+Cost(Alice)-Cost(George)]/2, Payment(George,Both) = [Cost(Both)+Cost(George)-Cost(Alice)]/2. The egalitarian ... Cost(Q) = the cost of producing Q units of the product. A solution to a cost-sharing problem is defined by a payment Pay ( i ... Cost-sharing becomes more interesting when the marginal cost is not constant. With increasing marginal costs, the agents impose ...
The cost sharing reductions (CSR) subsidy is the smaller of two subsidies paid under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care ... Trump announced on October 12, 2017 he would end the smaller of the two types of subsidies under the ACA, the cost sharing ... "The Effects of Ending the Affordable Care Act's Cost-Sharing Reduction Payments". April 25, 2017. Thomas Kaplan and Robert Pear ... "The Effects of Terminating Payments for Cost-Sharing Reductions , Congressional Budget Office". "CBO says Trump's ...
In the United States, Restoration Cost-sharing Agreements are an enrollment option of less than 30 years under the Wetland ...
International shared-cost service is known as ISCS or UISCN (Universal International Shared Cost Number). The service has been ... Shared cost numbers normally enable non-geographical or long-distance calls that are priced to the caller as if they were local ... Shared-cost service is an intermediate level of telephone call billing where the charge for calling a particular international ...
Health care sharing ministries (HCSM) are organizations in the United States in which health care costs are shared among ... For example, the State of Oklahoma contested Medi-Share in 2007 for marketing information that promoted the cost-sharing option ... and that monthly cost of membership in a health care sharing ministry is generally lower than the cost of insurance rates. The ... Medi-Share, Samaritan Ministries[citation needed], OneShare[citation needed]. MCS Medical Cost Sharing, founded after 1999, ...
Cost reduction influences the sharing component of P2P communities. Users who share do so to attempt "to reduce...costs" as ... Internet portal Anonymous P2P Comparison of file-sharing applications Disk sharing File sharing in Canada File sharing in Japan ... A calculation example: with peer to peer file sharing: total cost = filesize customers × cost-per-byte {\displaystyle {\text{ ... file sharing is economically efficient and that the users pay the full transaction cost and marginal cost of such sharing even ...
... going into decline because of radiation safety concerns and major construction cost overruns. The Electric Bond and Share Group ... Share Co. 1937 - Appeal & Counterclaim: Electric Bond & Share Co v. Securities & Exchange Commission 1938 - Supreme Court ... the Electric Bond and Share Group. In 1917, Electric Bond and Share Group's first major foreign electric acquisition, at the ... "Electric Bond and Share is Leader in its Unique Field". New York evening post. April 10, 1926. Retrieved February 23, 2019. " ...
... is the sharing of the direct operating costs of non-commercial general aviation aircraft flights between a ... The sharing of flight operational costs between a pilot and their passengers is permitted on a non-commercial certificate basis ... Yodice, Kathy (March 2007). "AOPA Legal Briefing: Sharing the cost of flying". AOPA. Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association. ... flight costs may be shared and not cause the flight to be classified as commercial regulated carrier activity. However, the ...
The film cost an estimated £380,000 to make. An upper-class white Englishman is forced to confront his own feelings and ... "Two Gentlemen Sharing". Variety. 1 January 1969. Two Gentlemen Sharing at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short ... Two Gentlemen Sharing is a 1969 British drama film directed by Ted Kotcheff, written by Evan Jones, and starring Robin Phillips ... "Two Gentlemen Sharing (1969)". Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Alexander Walker, Hollywood, England, Stein and ...
The pathway overall cost $44.3 million to construct. The pathway has attracted criticism from public transport advocates, both ... The New Lynn to Avondale shared path (Māori: Te Ara o New Lynn ki Avondale), also known as the NL2A path, is a shared path in ... "New Lynn to Avondale Shared Path Newsletter" (PDF). Auckland Transport. Retrieved 2022-06-08. "New Lynn To Avondale Shared Path ... "UCF projects: Waterview Shared Path PLUS". Bike Auckland. 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2022-06-08. "All aboard the New Lynn to ...
As a result, he directed the company to pay Pacific Internet's legal costs of S$20,000. Following the ruling, some downloaders ... Interest of SGD$15,095.58 and legal costs of SGD$12,263.76 was also awarded in favour of Japanese copyright owners.[citation ... Koshy noted that Odex had cited a legal provision intended to regulate people's file sharing for monetary gain rather than ... Another netizen created a video parody, entitled Xedo Holocaust, and uploaded it to YouTube and other video-sharing websites. A ...
Reported cost reductions of costs of services organized in shared service center are as high as 70% of the original costs, but ... As shared services centers are often cost centers, they are quite cost-sensitive also in terms of their headcount, labour costs ... It is better to cost charge out on time-driven activity based costing. The superior solution for cost charge out is cost ... In the accounting system a shared service usually will have the status of cost and investment center. As some shared-service ...
"The Complete Cost Keeper"; by Horace L. Arnold. Published by The Engineering Magazine Co., 1900. "Cost Accounts of an Engineer ... "Gain Sharing"; a paper by Henry R. Towne; presented at the May, 1889, meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers ... "Cost Accounts"; by C. A. Millener. The Hunter Rose Co., Ltd., Toronto, 1901. "A Bonus System of Rewarding Labor"; a paper by H ... "Profit Sharing between Employer and Employee. A Study in the Evolution of the Wage System"; by Nicolas Paine Oilman. "The ...
McGrath, Matt (June 17, 2009). "Fusion falters under soaring costs". BBC. Retrieved February 6, 2013. "ITER Procurement Sharing ... Estimates of the total cost of clean-up were into the hundreds of millions of US dollars. The five older reactors were ... Research also takes place into higher efficiency solar panels, geothermal electricity and heating, lower cost wind generators ... the result has better high-temperature properties and is easier to cast at a similar cost. In 2003 the partners received an R&D ...
Cost plus profit (murabahah); Debt (al-Qard); Hiring/leasing (al-Ijarah); Lending (al-I'arah); Agency (wakalah); Mortgage (al- ... Rahn); Partnership (Musharakah); Profit Sharing (Mudarabah). IBFIM and Majallah al-Ahkam al-Adliyyah divide fiqh into Fiqh ...
Moulin is also known for his seminal work in cost sharing and assignment problems. In particular, jointly with Anna Bogomolnaia ... Brenner, Janina; Schäfer, Guido (July 2008). "Group-strategyproof Cost Sharing mechanisms for Makespan and other Scheduling ... doi:10.1016/S0022-0531(05)80044-4. Moulin, Hervé; Shenker, Scott (September 1992). "Serial Cost Sharing". Econometrica. 60 (5 ... ISBN 978-0-444-89427-4. Roughgarden, Tim; Sundararajan, Mukund (1 June 2009). "Quantifying Inefficiency in Cost-sharing ...
"Ottawa's IT system overhaul yet to show any cost savings". CBC. 2016-09-19. Shared Services Canada official website v t e ( ... Shared Services Canada. 2017-10-05. Retrieved 21 December 2017. "RCMP again complains about Shared Services Canada's ... "Murray handed responsibility for Shared Services Canada". iPolitics. Retrieved 2020-02-16. Canada, Shared Services (2017-03-14 ... Shared Services Canada (SSC; French: Services partagés Canada (SPC)) is an agency of the Government of Canada responsible for ...
The total revenue share is the percentage of direct cost associated with revenue. Direct cost consists of both product cost and ... It is a ratio of costs required to fulfill an order. The remainder is considered gross margin. v t e (Articles lacking sources ...
... increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing ... Reference price schemes are another method to share costs, where a health insurer will only pay a certain amount and anything ... Basic protection deals with costs of a hospital room, hospital services, care and supplies, cost of surgery in or out of ... which has a copayment cost share feature (a nominal payment generally paid at the time of service), a PPO generally does not ...
"Simple Cost-Sharing Contracts". "On the Performance of Linear Contracts". "Regulatory Options and Price-Cap Regulation". "The ... "Employing cost sharing to motivate the efficient implementation of distributed energy resources". "Distinguished Members". " ... The optimal policy varies according to whether the firm's privileged information pertains to its fixed costs of production ( ... which do not vary with the scale of its operation), to its variable costs (which vary with scale), or to both. Furthermore, the ...
... with first-year operating costs of US$2.3 million for 100 stations. CaBi was operated by Alta Bicycle Share (now Motivate ... "Explore Bike Share". Explore Bike Share. Risher, Wayne (24 May 2018) [online date 23 May]. "Memphis bike-sharing system has ... "Metro Bike Share". Metro Bike Share. "Metro Bike Share - Los Angeles". Bicycle Transit. Retrieved 28 January 2017. "Madison ... In January 2018, Chinese bicycle-sharing company Ofo launched a dockless bicycle-sharing services in Pune. Bicycle-sharing ...
The overall cost of server maintenance is spread over many customers. By using shared hosting, the website will share a ... Shared web hosting can also be done privately by sharing the cost of running a server in a colocation centre; this is called ... Shared hosting usually has usage limits and hosting providers should have extensive reliability features in place. Shared ... A shared web hosting service is a web hosting service where many websites reside on one web server connected to the Internet. ...
"Major TN cities to focus on cost-effective modes of transport". Business Line. Chennai. The Hindu. 23 January 2014. Retrieved ... Tiruchirappalli Bicycle Share is a new proposed bicycle sharing system for the city of Tiruchirappalli. In November 2013, the ... As of December 2019, the Trichy City Corporation has dropped its bicycle sharing project. List of bicycle sharing systems ... "It's official: Corporation has shelved cycle sharing project , Trichy News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 ...
"Melbourne Bike Share Costs for Bike Hire Plans". @RACV. Moore, Tony (8 August 2011). "CityCycle won't follow Melbourne's $5 ... List of bicycle sharing systems "Melbourne Bike Share". "FAQ". Melbourne Bike Share. Archived ... The helmet subsidy added an additional A$5 million to the cost of the bike share programme. After the introduction of ... "Bike share scheme disappointing". The Sydney Morning Herald. 31 May 2011. "Bike share scheme saddles up slowly in bleak weather ...
Reducing maintenance costs by revealing their own developments. If organizations extensively modify the software and opt to ... In a 43-minute broadcast video, Boris Renski shed some light on OpenStack coopetition politics and shared a subjective view on ... Sharing maintenance responsibilities. Organizations working only downstream (i.e., just taking the software without ...
Multiverse provided its technology platform cost-free for development and deployment. Income came through revenue-sharing; ... Multiverse's stated aim was to lower the barrier of entry for development teams by providing a low-cost software platform for ... When a developer started charging consumers/users, Multiverse took a share (10 percent), and also handled the financial ... Multiverse took a share of any payments made by consumers/users to the world developer. If a developer provided a world for ...
Cohen, J., Dupas, P. (2010). Free Distribution or Cost-Sharing? Evidence from a Randomized Malaria Prevention Experiment. ... is more effective than distribution under cost-sharing and, considering the large positive externality related to the ... widespread use of ITNs, would likely decrease the cost per life saved (with Jessica Cohen). Group savings and credit schemes as ...
18 April 2015 - Cost-sharing likely for HSR. 20 April 2015 - MyHSR Corp to oversee high-speed project. 24 April 2015 - Malaysia ... "Cost-sharing likely for HSR". "MyHSR Corp to oversee high speed project". "Malaysia ...
"Beneficiary Cost-Sharing in Part D". 2020-07-15. Archived from the original on 2021-03-20. Retrieved 2021-04-06. " ... "Cost Sharing - Glossary". Archived from the original on 2021-04-07. Retrieved 2021-04-06. "What ... This is known as cost-sharing. All organizations that are contracted with the federal government to offer certain Medicare ... The bill also mandates the HHS to cut administrative costs related to healthcare in half over a 10-year period, including costs ...
... invest in low-cost index funds and exchange-traded funds. The investor should be very watchful of costs as some indices are ... "Yale's Money Guru Shares Wisdom with Masses" National Public Radio: "Yale Money Whiz Shares Tips on Growing a Nest Egg (4/3/08 ... long-term gains it may have produced for colleges and universities in the past must now be weighed more fully against its costs ...
This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names). If an internal link incorrectly led ... for the slow progress of the Siege of Warsaw For German WWII strongholds which were to be held at all costs, especially towards ...
In the early 19th century an "exceedingly low" cost steamboat service used to run between Stirling and Newhaven or Granton. The ... shared by 16 other universities in the UK. The University of Stirling also currently hosts the Scottish men's lacrosse ...
"Actors climb up Chekhov like a mountain, roped together, sharing the glory if they ever make it to the summit". Actor Ian ... Chekhov's expenditure on drugs was considerable, but the greatest cost was making journeys of several hours to visit the sick, ... including shared complaints about Stanislavski's directing methods and Chekhov's advice to Olga about performing in his plays. ...
Revolutionary diagnostic testing methods that cost tens of millions of dollars to produce should be the flagship of the modern ... So they wanted to focus on genetic fragments containing paternally inherited sequences the mother did not share, but had ...
Barron, James (31 January 2016). "How Donald Trump Tried to Protect His Name from Others Who Shared It". The New York Times. " ... In a settlement made in October 1992, Ernst admitted no wrongdoing but agreed to pay $19,500 in court costs, consumer education ...
As a result of the increased costs related to running on dedicated hardware, the site seeks the help of the community in ... Having moved from a sponsored, shared platform in 2007, the website currently resides on a dedicated server. ... covering the running costs. Since anyone can upload files to the website, all uploaded files have to go through a manual ...
Allowing IP to penetrate may well upset the networking strategy of the UK." Similar views were shared by others at the time, ... is integrated into UNIX-type operating systems and costs nothing for the users' computers. The first companies that ... Computer science was an emerging discipline in the late 1950s that began to consider time-sharing between computer users and, ... to enable resource sharing between computers. Roberts approached AT&T in the early 1970s about taking over the ARPANET to offer ...
The market pool share had a total value of €277 million, shared between the 32 clubs that qualified for the group stage. The ... Another pitch was laid less than three weeks before the final at a cost of £160,000, using turf shipped in from Slovakia, but ... In Ireland, RTÉ Two's coverage of the match reached a one-minute peak of 998,000 (62% share), with an average over their four- ... According to the head of the Russian national tourist office, Mikhail Ignatiev, many fans were put off by the cost of travel ...
... the changes and the brand lost significant market share after the changes A 20-pack of Cabinet cigarettes in the GDR costed ... After Reemtsma took over the production, market share fell below 10 percent in 1990. Production took place in Nordhausen until ... Before Reemtsma acquired the brand, monthly production was approximately 800 million cigarettes, and the market share was 33 ...
With a market share of nearly 100%, it controls all major functions of electricity generation, transmission, distribution and ... In 2012, the CEB lost 61.2 billion rupees and the Ceylon Petroleum Corporation which supplied fuel below cost 89.7 billion ... Hydro power is the oldest and most dependent source of electricity generation, taking a share of nearly 42% of the total ...
... uncompromising sense of responsibility as a power engineer may be found in the conviction he shared with of Y. Matsunaga, the ... its safe production at the lowest cost and without any discontinuity was 'their' duty. Hirai also had an uncanny capacity to ...
The workers who receive a large enough share of the superprofits have an interest to defend the capitalist system, so they ... the ability to offload business costs onto someone else (the state, consumers and other businesses) and force consumers to pay ... It is not clear that workers in the imperialist country directly share in repatriated profits from overseas dominions. The ...
Until 1981, Symbolics shared all its copyrighted enhancements to the source code with MIT and kept it on an MIT server. ... at a large manufacturing cost savings and with performance slightly better than the old design. The 3650, first of the G ... inspired by the CADR architecture but sharing few of its implementation details. The main processor had a 36-bit word (divided ...
Losing against Morozevich in the last round cost Svidler a share of second place at Morelia-Linares, instead placing fifth on ... he came third at the Ordix Open with 11.5/15, scored 15/16 in a simul in Mainz and shared first scoring 6.5/9 with Mikhail ... He started with 0/3 at the Vidra Memorial in Haifa but recovered to 6/11 for tied fourth, shared second with 7/9 in April's New ... At the Russian Superfinal in August, Svidler shared first place with five other players on 5/9 after defeating Grischuk in the ...
The architects of the Greene County Courthouse were Samuel Hannaford and Sons, who completed the building in 1902 at a cost of ... Hannaford was also the architect of the Cincinnati City Hall, which shares very similar architectural styling and was built 13 ...
CRS will seek to replace monetization with cash funding to cover program costs." In 2007, CARE announced it would phase out all ... increasing their share of the profits from retail milk sales in India." The production and shipment of in-kind food aid is ... Monetization of food aid was originally intended to help agencies cover the cost of distribution of food and implementation of ... The process of monetizing can be used to promote low-cost, competitive food markets by encouraging investment in transportation ...
It was erected at the sole cost of the sisters of the late General George Alexander Reid, who was MP for Windsor. The St James ... which began sharing a single parochial church council in 1984 and were formally merged in 1986. The current rector is the Rev. ...
While the Duke-UNC rivalry originated from geographic proximity and shared history, Duke fans do not view Maryland as a rival. ... As a result of a committee's recommendation to cut athletics costs, funding for eight teams was eliminated on November 21, 2011 ... share close historical and cultural ties. The schools are located in relatively close geographic proximity, separated by about ... which gave the teams a chance to raise eight years of total program costs by June 30, 2012. The affected teams were men's cross ...
The figure of the costs does not include additional costs, such as lost time in the field, delayed or canceled BLM projects, or ... Willingham told The Oregonian that Emry spent time at the refuge for media purposes and to share his expertise with weapons, ... He stated that his personal costs of defense had drained his finances. He entered a not-guilty plea. On July 16, 2018, U.S. ... A subsequent estimate stated the cost as at least US$9 million, including US$2 million spent relocating employees who had been ...
As a cost-saving measure, secondary elevations are laid in five-course American bond. Like the building at 612 Fifth Street, ... According to Greyhound officials, this instance was the first time (in company history) that the two bus lines had shared a ...
Ito, M.; Martin, C.; Pfister, R.C.; Rafalow, M.H.; Salen, K.; Wortman, A. (2019). Affinity Online: How Connection and Shared ... "the lack of power infrastructure in lower socio-economic areas and exorbitant data costs, impact some students' ability to ... The Data Governance Act and the Open Data Directive, legislative proposals aimed at creating trustworthy data-sharing systems ... Such activities include play, interactions with others, sharing and creating content, and experimenting with varied forms of ...
The system shares a name with Atari, Inc.'s 1977 Video Computer System, usually shortened to VCS, which was renamed to the ... Browne, Ryan (September 26, 2017). "Atari's new console to cost less than $300 and ship next spring". CNBC. Archived from the ... Takahashi, Dean (September 25, 2017). "Ataribox runs Linux on AMD chip and will cost at least $250". Venture Beat. Archived ...
Knowledge was secretly shared among clubwomen regarding how to find practitioners offering illegal medical or traditional ... and it also reflects the cost of the drug. Until the late 1960s, the Pill was prohibitively expensive for working-class and ... Jefferson's views were shared by Michigan state legislator and NAACP member Rosetta A. Ferguson, who led the effort to defeat a ...
One line of argument in Parliament was that Americans should pay a share of the costs of the French and Indian War and ...
The Profit and Loss report is important in that it shows the detail of sales, cost of sales, expenses and ultimately the profit ... The Equity section of the balance sheet typically shows the value of any outstanding shares that have been issued by the ... costs & dividends decrease equity, so their difference is the impact on the equation. For example, if a company provides a ... Costs, Dividends (highlighted in chart). All those account types increase with debits or left side entries. Conversely, a ...
Destry shares a flat with Chas Ewell but the two fall out after Destry molests Louise, a 17-year-old runaway who Chas befriends ... which reportedly cost £1,000,000 to construct, was retained for use in "Capital City". The dealing room equipment was provided ...
The 2009 mode share for El Paso (city) commuters are 10.3% for carpooling, 2.4% for transit, 2.5% for walking, and .2% for ... "City Looking at Cost of Installing Restrooms in all Parks". KVIA. February 3, 2015. Archived from the original on February 6, ... As of 2016[update], construction of the system was projected to cost $97 million. In 2019, it was reported that the system is ... From 2015 to 2019, the city's median monthly homeowner cost with a mortgage was $1,255 and without a mortgage $429. El Paso had ...
The plane was generally easy to crash-land if necessary, something he had done previously at the cost of a few broken ribs. ... Baker remained well known from his time at Princeton; marquees at his home arena, which was shared with Princeton, often said " ...
... of the RusAl shares on behalf of Cherney or damages for breach of Deripaska's agreement to dispose of the shares and to account ... costing 20 million ILS (about 5 million US dollars). The program revealed that the bride was Cherny's daughter, that the ... Cherney shared a house in Moscow with Igor Putin, Vladimir Putin's cousin, and Berel Lazar, Putin's Rabbi who is the Chief ... Deripaska denies that Cherney owns shares and said in an affidavit that his relationship with Cherney was one of a businessman ...
The SHARE plan will create a new entitlement for able-bodied adults and leave both taxpayers and the truly needy worse off. ... This plan would deliver all regular Medicaid benefits and be subject to the same cost-sharing limits as traditional Medicaid. ... The "SHARE" Plan Is An Obamacare Expansion By Another Name. The Department of Healths latest plan is to create a new ... Costs in Arkansas have run over budget every single month and the Government Accountability Office confirmed that the plan ...
For 2022, the cost-sharing amounts for both Medicare Part A and Medicare Part B are higher than the 2021 amounts. Part B, in ... ...
Cost Sharing Cost Sharing. Cost share (also known as match) refers to all contributions that Texas Tech University makes to a ... Types of Cost Share. When cost share is required by a sponsor as part of the proposal submission (mandatory cost share) and/or ... Additional information on cost sharing policies may be found in TTU OP 65.07 Cost Sharing on Sponsored Projects. ... at the proposal stage to develop the cost share budget and to identify source(s) of funds for cost sharing. Once funded, ...
Describes the effects that prescription drug cost sharing has on drug spending, compliance with drug therapy, patient health, ... Does Cost Sharing Have Similar Effects on All Types of Drugs?. Figure 2. The Effects of Cost Sharing Depend on the Type of Drug ... Cost sharing does reduce drug use and overall drug spending. But does it make clinical sense to increase cost sharing across ... How Does Increased Cost Sharing Affect Overall Drug Spending?. Figure 1. Doubling Co-Payments Decreased Overall Drug Spending. ...
Costs and Spending,. Affordability,. Cost-Sharing Reductions,. Private Insurance,. Health Insurance Marketplace ... Down to the Wire: Indecision on ACA Cost-Sharing Reduction Payments Creates Confusion for States. ... Under the ACA, insurers are required to offer plans with reduced cost-sharing for out-of-pocket expenses like copayments and ... S. Corlette and K. Lucia, "Down to the Wire: Indecision on ACA Cost-Sharing Reduction Payments Creates Confusion for States," ...
Court Case Cost-sharing subsidies under the Affordable Care Act can substantially reduce deductibles and other cost sharing for ... class=see ... Cost-sharing subsidies under the Affordable Care Act can substantially reduce deductibles and other cost sharing for people ... The Cost of Care with Marketplace Coverage and Cost-Sharing Subsidies in Federal Marketplace Plans can be found at ...
More than 10,000 people in Washington cover health costs not through traditional insurance, but through faith that fellow ... "Medi-Share has been a blessing for our family.". Health-care-cost-sharing groups, which date back decades, originated with the ... If a Medi-Share member is injured in a car crash, for instance, the medical bills wont be shared if alcohol or illegal drugs ... Medi-Share also offers a supplemental sharing program for people 65 and older. ...
HSBC legal costs rise by $1.1B, shares slump. November 5, 2012 / 7:30 AM. / AP ... It also set aside an extra $353 million to compensate U.K. customers, raising the total estimated cost for payment protection ... HSBC shares were down 2.2 percent at 612.5 pence in midmorning trading in London. ... though it warned that the cost could be much higher. ...
The company cited the $2-an-hour premium paid to employees as a factor for the jump in costs. ... Costco had estimated in May that COVID-19-realted costs would exceed $100 million, but would be lower than the $283 million ... The company cited the $2-an-hour premium paid to employees as a factor for the jump in costs. The bonus costs Costco $14 ... Reuters) - Costco Wholesale Corp ,COST.O, recorded high coronavirus-related costs for the second straight quarter, ...
... 23 October 2019 By Camille Egloff, Rodrigo Garcia Escudero, Ulrik Sanders, ... But because the cost increase is small per shipping container and negligible per product, cargo owners can readily share the ... To sustain their economics, liners need to find effective ways of sharing IMO 2020 compliance costs with customers.. ... The liners that are most prepared to share costs-not only with large customers but also with the broad network of smaller ...
Behavioral healthcare risk-sharing and medical cost offset. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... AlcoholismCost SavingsHealth Care CostsHeart DiseasesHumansManaged Care ProgramsMelanomaMental DisordersMental Health Services ... Behavioral healthcare risk-sharing and medical cost offset.. Behav Healthc Tomorrow. 1996 Oct; 5(5):39-46.BH ... Behavioral Healthcare Risk-sharing and Medical Cost Offset. Behav Healthc Tomorrow. 1996;5(5):39-46. PubMed PMID: 10161573. ...
A formal cost-sharing, or risk sharing, policy distributes unexpected cost increases-costs that result from ... Cost Sharing Among State Defined Benefit Pension Plans Approaches to managing risk and cost uncertainty ... Downloads Cost-Sharing Features of State Defined Benefit Pension Plans (PDF) Related ExpertS Greg Mennis Director Public Sector ... Cost-Sharing Features of State Defined Benefit Pension Plans Distributing risk can help preserve plans fiscal health. Report ...
Under the Presidents order, the non-federal cost share for Lost Wages Assistance has been waived. ... Federal funding was originally available to each territory at 75% of the total eligible costs. These changes are a result of ...
... today released new cost-savings data to support the growing transition from car ownership to car sharing - citing savings of up ... Nasdaq: ZIP), the worlds leading car sharing network, ... Consumers Drive Down Costs by Car Sharing LONDON, May 16, 2012 ... Nasdaq: ZIP), the worlds leading car sharing network, today released new cost-savings data to support the growing transition ... We rounded this to 2,000 miles and compared the cost of that usage in a private vehicle with the cost on Zipcar. (In practice, ...
Restore the Cost Share for Organic Certification Home. /Alerts. /Restore the Cost Share for Organic Certification. ... Your call or email today could help organic farmers receive the cost share assistance they have been promised in fiscal year ... In your role on the Appropriations Committee, I ask you to restore funding to the Organic Certification Cost Share Program ( ... In August, the USDAs Farm Service Agency announced a partial defunding of the Organic Certification Cost Share Program, ...
Home News Apple Inc. Apple Sharing The Initial Cost Of Improving Foxconn Worker Conditions ... "I believe Apple sees this as a competitive strength along with us, and so we will split the initial costs."[/quote] ... Apple, not Sony or Microsoft, will be assisting Foxconn with the initial costs required to give employees a safe and quality ... quote]"Weve discovered that this (improving factory conditions) is not a cost. It is a competitive strength," Gou told ...
File sharing and marginal cost pricing. Last fall, I discussed the future of digital media, especially music, and argued for a ... making free file sharing of music and movies legal. The bill includes a tax on internet access to be divided as royalties in an ...
The cost discussion seems cursory, and it is impossible to tell whether cost estimates account for all expected costs because ... Does the analysis identify all parties who would bear costs and assess the incidence of costs?. Medicaid enrolls are identified ... Does the analysis identify and quantify incremental costs of all alternatives considered?. The cost of only one option is ... by adding a new section 1916A to provide State Medicaid agencies with increased flexibility to impose premium and cost sharing ...
... the share of excise taxes in the retail price of cigarettes in Poland reached 62.1 percent. ... Share of illegal cigarettes in the tobacco market in Poland 2019. *Polands share in the value of cigarette production in the ... Premium Statistic Share of regular cigarette smokers in Poland 2018-2021. * Premium Statistic Share of regular e-cigarette ... (last visited December 08, 2022) ...
Shared Responsibility: Balancing Sustainability Values and Costs for Farmers and Companies. Filed Under: Certification , Tagged ... Our shared responsibility approach aims to distribute benefits and costs of certification more evenly between farmers and ... Home » Business » Certification » Shared Responsibility: Balancing Sustainability Values and Costs for Farmers and Companies ... Costs of investments in more sustainable farms and production are shared between farmers and companies. ...
3Is cost-share funding considered taxable income? Cost-share funding payments are considered taxable income for income tax ... Is cost-share funding considered taxable income? Cost-share funding payments are considered taxable income for income tax ... OSCIA delivers cost-share funding to help beekeepers make improvements to better manage pests and to grow their business. Cost- ... Cost-share levels are determined by the risks identified through the completion of a Farmland Health Check-Up (FHCU). ...
Cost-sharing scheme with affluent LGUs on improvement of national roads mulled ... IN an attempt to cut down on expenses, the government is studying the possibility of sharing the costs of maintaining national ... Cost-sharing scheme with affluent LGUs on improvement of national roads mulled ... Cost-sharing scheme with affluent LGUs on improvement of national roads mulled ...
Abby shares more of her favorite, easy-to-prepare recipes. To order, send a business-size, self-addressed envelope, plus check ... Imagine my embarrassment when I was asked for my share of the check. All I had with me was $5. My mother put in the rest. ...
North Carolina General Statutes § 106-850 Agriculture cost share program. (a) There is created the Agriculture Cost Share ... 10) To be eligible for cost share funds under this program, each applicant must establish that he or she is engaged in farming ... To be eligible for cost share funds under this subdivision, a project shall be evaluated before funding is awarded and after ... The Soil and Water Conservation Commission shall retain the authority to allocate the cost share funds. ...
FBNs Connell McShane on how the rising costs of the Gulf oil spill are weighing on BP shares. ...
... ... When a large national employer removed cost sharing for primary care visits, medical utilization fell, as did monthly costs, ... In an accompanying editorial, Betsy Q. Cliff, MS, and A. Mark Fendrick, MD, write that increased consumer cost sharing has ... The authors, who are employees of Anthem or a subsidiary, HealthCore, hypothesized that the removal of cost sharing for primary ...
This article explains how to save and share a customized view with others. ... Save and share cost views. A view is a saved query in Cost Management. When you save a view, all settings in cost analysis are ... To subscribe to cost alerts. *In cost analysis, select a private or shared view you want to subscribe to alerts for or create ... To share a view. *In cost analysis, ensure that the currently selected view is the one that you want to share. ...
2.08 a share, down from $5 billion, or $2.15 a share, a year earlier ... The New York-based bank reported profit of $4.63 billion, or $2.08 a share, down from $5 billion, or $2.15 a share, a year ... Citigroup beats profit estimates, but shares slip on higher costs and lower revenue. ... Outgoing CEO Michael Corbat said the bank intended to resume share buybacks in the first quarter, after Citi and its peers ...
Grazing Infrastructure Cost-Share. 2022 grazing infrastructure cost-share enrollment is closed. The continuation of this ... We tracked the number of acres grazed and the return on investment of the grazing infrastructure cost-share on each farm. This ... In 2022, the grazing infrastructure cost-share program recruited 18 graziers to receive $5,000 each to help pay for mobile ... Do you grow cover crops or small grains? Check out our 2022 Cost-Share programs today! ...
  • For 2022, the cost-sharing amounts for both Medicare Part A and Medicare Part B are higher than the 2021 amounts. (
  • Check out our 2022 Cost-Share programs today! (
  • 2022 grazing infrastructure cost-share enrollment is closed. (
  • In 2022, the grazing infrastructure cost-share program recruited 18 graziers to receive $5,000 each to help pay for mobile fence and water for grazing. (
  • IMARC Group provides an analysis of the key trends in each sub-segment of the global low cost airlines market, along with forecasts at the global, regional and country level from 2022-2027. (
  • FORT SHAFTER, Hawaii (Sept. 29, 2022) - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Honolulu District signed a feasibility cost sharing agreement (FCSA) with the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) to initiate a new start study for Honolulu Harbor. (
  • Méthodologie: Entre septembre 2021 et février 2022, des écouvillonnages oropharyngés et/ou nasopharyngés de travailleurs symptomatiques COVID-19 et apparemment en bonne santé sélectionnés consécutivement du site minier de Wahgnion dans le sud-ouest du Burkina Faso qui ont consenti à l'étude ont été prélevés selon les deux programme de quart de semaines et testé pour le SRAS-CoV-2 à l'aide d'un test RT-PCR. (
  • Compliance will result in an additional $25 billion to $30 billion in fuel costs for container liners from 2020 through 2023, according to a BCG analysis. (
  • As noted, BCG's analysis finds that the cumulative additional fuel costs for container liners could amount to nearly $30 billion through 2023. (
  • Oppenheimer analyst Hartaj Singh also said the company could have "negative earnings" in 2023, putting the share price at risk this year and next. (
  • LONDON, May 16, 2012 - Zipcar, Inc. (Nasdaq: ZIP), the world's leading car sharing network, today released new cost-savings data to support the growing transition from car ownership to car sharing - citing savings of up to £3,162 a year. (
  • Explore more with the world's leading car-sharing network. (
  • The liners that are most prepared to share costs-not only with large customers but also with the broad network of smaller customers-will be better equipped to minimize the impact of IMO 2020 on their bottom line. (
  • The cost of complying with IMO 2020 will be significant. (
  • It said the $150 million rise in its half of the pipeline cost is not expected to affect its growth capital budget of between $400 million and $450 million this year, down from $563 million in 2020. (
  • Keyera reported a net loss of about $75 million, or 34 cents per share, in the last three months of 2020, versus a net profit of $29.7 million, or 14 cents, in the same period of 2019. (
  • These proposed amounts reflect a change in how HHS determines the amount of the adjustment-a change that, if finalized, would also affect the employer shared responsibility assessment amounts for 2020. (
  • ABSTRACT For EMR countries to deliver the expectations of the Global Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020 & the ongoing move towards universal health coverage, all health & social care providers need to innovate and transform their services to provide evidence-based health care that is accessible, cost-effective & with the best patient outcomes. (
  • On the basis of results of our analysis as a multiplier, we estimate that hospitalization costs associated with these outbreaks have exceeded $306.8 million (SD $11.4 million) as of February 7, 2020. (
  • Some of Collins' colleagues also got into the company, buying shares in early 2017, near the stock's peak. (
  • This report was updated on May 31, 2017 to include additional data provided by South Dakota describing the state's cost sharing mechanisms. (
  • By using Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data, we estimated the average costs per hepatitis A-related hospitalization in 2017. (
  • We analyzed data from the 2017 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample (NIS). (
  • We converted the total hospital charges into cost estimates (in 2017 US dollars) by multiplying total charges with 2017 hospital-specific cost-to-charge ratios ( 4 ), then estimated the average cost of hospitalization, SD, and 95% CI on the basis of the NIS survey sampling design. (
  • The National Organic Certification Cost Share Program is still open for 2016 applications, but only a few months remain to apply for funds. (
  • The Cost Share application deadline is October 31, 2016. (
  • These figures represent an increase of 3.16 percent from the 2019 final cost-sharing limits of $7,900 (self) and $15,800 (other). (
  • Your call or email today could help organic farmers receive the cost share assistance they have been promised in fiscal year 2021. (
  • To close this funding gap for organic farmers, I ask the Appropriations Committee to provide $12 million in extra funding, to be available until expended, for the Organic Certification Cost Share Program in the Fiscal Year 2021 appropriations package. (
  • The global low cost airlines market reached a value of US$ 172.54 Billion in 2021. (
  • In 2021, engineered stone surpassed laminate to become the most used countertop material in the US, driven by a rapid increase in low-cost slab imports over the past decade. (
  • In 2021, the average cost of engineered stone countertops was $69 a square foot, one of the higher average prices of any countertop material. (
  • This plan would deliver all regular Medicaid benefits and be subject to the same cost-sharing limits as traditional Medicaid. (
  • These sections amend the Social Security Act (the Act) by adding a new section 1916A to provide State Medicaid agencies with increased flexibility to impose premium and cost sharing requirements on certain Medicaid recipients. (
  • We col ected information from Medicaid provider and beneficiary nominal (also cal ed "alternative") Medicaid cost-sharing policies manuals, PDLs, and fee schedules from each state Medicaid Web for "covered" drugs--including outpatient prescription drugs site between January and October 2012. (
  • Tier 2 drugs, Studies show that cost-sharing practices affect medication for high-risk conditions, include five therapeutic classes: alpha-1 adherence, and Medicaid beneficiaries who experience cost blockers, centrally acting drugs, direct vasodilators, aldosterone barriers have higher rates of hospitalization.10 Patients with higher receptor blockers, and loop diuretics. (
  • On January 18, 2012, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ("CMS") published a proposed rule addressing the calculation of the hospital-specific cap on Medicaid disproportionate share hospital ("DSH") payments. (
  • Under the hospital cap, DSH payments to any specific hospital may not exceed the hospital's uncompensated care costs-the sum of costs incurred to provide services to Medicaid and uninsured patients less payments received for those patients. (
  • Additionally, all Medicaid payments that a hospital receives, including lump-sum supplemental payments, count as payments received for providing care to patients, thereby reducing a hospital's uncompensated care costs for DSH purposes. (
  • How Would Coverage, Federal Spending, and Private Premiums Change if the Federal Government Stopped Reimbursing Insurers for the ACA's Cost-Sharing Reductions? (
  • Insurers have enough time before the start of the plan year to incorporate their anticipated CSR costs into a surcharge placed on silver plan premiums. (
  • Instead of paying insurance premiums, they pay voluntary "shares" of $300 to $400 a month per family, either directly to other members or to plan organizers who match the money with patient needs. (
  • The chart below is a comprehensive list of Medicare Part A and B costs, including premiums, deductibles and coinsurance. (
  • Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (
  • The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires insurers to provide cost-sharing reductions (CSRs) that lower deductibles, co-payments, co-insurance, and out-of-pocket maximums for people eligible for tax credits and with incomes below 250 percent of the federal poverty level. (
  • In particular, state officials are struggling to keep their insurance markets afloat in the face of the Trump administration's continued indecision over whether to reimburse insurance companies for Affordable Care Act (ACA) cost-sharing reduction (CSR) plans. (
  • Cost-sharing subsidies under the Affordable Care Act can substantially reduce deductibles and other cost sharing for people with low incomes purchasing coverage in the federally-facilitated insurance marketplace serving 37 states, a new analysis by the Kaiser Family Foundation finds. (
  • Bacchi says the Affordable Care Act protects most consumers from high health costs by capping the amount paid out of pocket to about $6,300 a year. (
  • In a new brief and collection of 36 charts , the Foundation compares cost sharing across standard silver plans and their variants in federally-facilitated ACA marketplaces, examining average deductibles and out-of-pocket limits, as well as copayments and coinsurance for hospital stays, physician visits, emergency room visits, and prescription drugs. (
  • EmblemHealth members across all our product lines will have no cost-sharing (including copayments, coinsurance, or deductibles) for in-network telehealth visits. (
  • This is one of the reasons why I (in a far less humorous fashion) have argued that increasing health care cost sharing, whether in the form of premium support in Medicare or the thinning out of plans as a result of limiting the tax exclusion, may do little to rein in health care costs and will have the unfortunate downside of simultaneously burdening the patients who need care the most. (
  • Some Medicare Advantage (MA) plans may also help cover these costs. (
  • Analysts on average had expected profit of $1.34 per share, according to Refinitiv data. (
  • The company posted a profit of $3.61 per share, well below analysts' estimates of $4.68, according to Refinitiv data. (
  • Excluding items, Costco earned $3.04 per share, beating estimates of $2.84. (
  • Estimates from hypothetical reserve portfolios of selected emerging market economies over the period 1999-2007 suggest that the reduction in financial costs from holding riskier assets would generally have been small relative to GDP. (
  • This tip sheet accompanies Video 2, which covers requesting cost estimates, placing orders, and use agreements. (
  • The Cost of Care with Marketplace Coverage and Cost-Sharing Subsidies in Federal Marketplace Plans can be found at . (
  • All normal coverage restrictions and cost-sharing charges will apply for care and treatment, including non-emergency inpatient hospital admissions. (
  • Limited or no dental insurance coverage can result in relatively high out-of-pocket costs for some and foregone oral health care for others. (
  • The VBID group had a relative reduction in total spent per member per month of $12 compared with the group that retained cost sharing. (
  • He said worries about electric vehicle affordability extend to Italy, France, Spain, Greece and other European counties "which means we need to accelerate the cost reduction on that technology to make it more affordable. (
  • The economic dimension of TB control relates to reduction of these costs, alleviation of poverty and promotion of development. (
  • In August, the USDA's Farm Service Agency announced a partial defunding of the Organic Certification Cost Share Program, despite the difficult year for organic farmers who have lost markets and struggled to stay staffed during the pandemic. (
  • Our shared responsibility approach aims to distribute benefits and costs of certification more evenly between farmers and companies. (
  • Costs of investments in more sustainable farms and production are shared between farmers and companies. (
  • OSCIA delivers several cost-share funding programs that support Ontario's farmers in implementing best management and sustainability practices on their farms. (
  • OFCAF is part of the Government of Canada's Agricultural Climate Solutions initiative, supporting farmers through cost-share programming to adopt beneficial management practices (BMPs) that store carbon and reduce greenhouse gases, specifically in the areas of nitrogen management, cover cropping, and rotational grazing practices. (
  • In Ontario, OSCIA delivers cost-share under Economic Development, Environmental Stewardship, and Protection and Assurance to Ontario farmers, and under Plant Health to agricultural business within the plant supply chain. (
  • The telehealth cost-sharing waiver may not apply to ASO plans. (
  • In this presentation, I will define telehealth and telehealth modalities, summarize policy changes that increased telehealth utilization during the COVID-19 pandemic, describe CDC's telehealth guidance, and share telehealth resources and learning opportunities. (
  • Stellantis, he said, has seen its production costs rise, especially raw materials and because of the shortage of computer chips. (
  • Reinhardt makes the additional point that those providers clamoring for little government intervention in the "free" market for health care may be just the thing that breaks down the barriers to true price competition by increasing transparency in prices and costs. (
  • Transparency: Timely information sharing. (
  • IN an attempt to cut down on expenses, the government is studying the possibility of sharing the costs of maintaining national roads with "affluent" local government units (LGUs), an official of the Department of Finance said. (
  • While the implementation cost of a WLAN can often be higher than a wired network, in some situations, a WLAN can be less expensive and can actually reduce networking expenses over time. (
  • These costs are then added to the direct cost of medical expenses to arrive at the societal cost of fatal injury. (
  • Where there is a required cost sharing commitment (mandatory or voluntary committed), the Office of Research Services (ORS) will work with the principal investigator (PI) at the proposal stage to develop the cost share budget and to identify source(s) of funds for cost sharing. (
  • Once funded, expenditures must be recorded in the established fund-organization-program accounts (FOPs) to be counted toward the cost share commitment. (
  • A periodic review of the financial statements will ensure that cost sharing commitments are being met and that unrestricted funds to cover the cost share commitment have been transferred in a timely manner to the cost sharing/match accounts. (
  • The following links are for free and low-cost online educational content on topics such as information technology and cybersecurity. (
  • Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on through third party social networking and other websites. (
  • It means that patients bear a higher share of medical costs, through higher deductibles, higher co-pays, higher so-insurance, and the like. (
  • Because the health-care-sharing plans don't cover routine care and some pre-existing conditions, the couple also enrolled in a local Qliance primary-care medical program to cover preventive care for themselves and the kids, including Leo, 3, and Lucy, 2. (
  • Melek, S P.. "Behavioral Healthcare Risk-sharing and Medical Cost Offset. (
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Behavioral healthcare risk-sharing and medical cost offset. (
  • CRANBURY, N.J.) When a large national employer removed cost sharing for primary care visits, medical utilization fell, as did monthly costs, driven mostly by reduced emergency department (ED) visits. (
  • In this paper, we propose a model for medical costs recorded at regular time intervals, e.g. every month, as repeated measures in the presence of a terminating event, such as death. (
  • Prior models have related monthly medical costs to time since entry, with extra costs at the final observations at the time of death. (
  • Our joint model for monthly medical costs and survival time incorporates two important new features. (
  • First, medical cost and survival may be correlated because more 'frail' patients tend to accumulate medical costs faster and die earlier. (
  • A joint random effects model is proposed to account for the correlation between medical costs and survival by a shared random effect. (
  • Second, monthly medical costs usually increase during the time period prior to death because of the intensive care for dying patients. (
  • An analysis of monthly outpatient EPO medical cost data for dialysis patients is presented to illustrate the proposed methods. (
  • WEST PALM BEACH, Florida - An innovative concept of shared medical appointments for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, in which a group of 10 to 15 patients meet for about 90 minutes of medical care and patient education, is showing benefits ranging from improved social connections to reduced depression and emergency room visits. (
  • Cleveland Clinic is a leader in the concept of shared medical appointments, and offers the concept to as many as 360 disease states. (
  • However, after participation in the shared medical appointment program, their mean Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scores, with higher scores indicative of worse depression, decreased from pre-treatment scores of 7.3 ±5.5 to post-treatment scores of 5.1 ±5.6 ( P = .001). (
  • Shared medical appointments offer an opportunity for peer-to-peer engagement, support, and education," he told Medscape Medical News . (
  • This paper employed the difference-in-differences method to estimate the impacts of a per diem system with inverted-U-shape rates on medical costs and the length of stay based on data from a health insurance institution. (
  • The supply side cost sharing mechanism worked so that the new payment system significantly reduced medical costs by 17.59 percent while the average length of stay varied little. (
  • The reform decreased the cases that incurred relatively high medical costs and lengths of stay. (
  • As these unprecedented outbreaks continue, we sought to estimate the average direct medical costs per hepatitis A-related hospitalization, which can be used to guide investment in outbreak prevention efforts. (
  • Prescription drug cost sharing: Association with medication and medical utilization and spending health. (
  • These visits have no cost-sharing whether or not that visit includes testing for COVID-19. (
  • Members with a benefit plan that includes the Teladoc program will also have no cost-sharing for Teladoc visits. (
  • 3 Lack of routine dental care can also delay diagnosis of conditions, which can lead to potentially preventable complications, high-cost emergency department visits, and adverse outcomes. (
  • Reinhardt suggests that inducing patients to shop around for cost-effective health care is "about as sensible as blindfolding shoppers entering a department store in the hope that inside they can and will then shop smartly for the merchandise they seek. (
  • I wrote earlier this year, " prices of health care services faced by consumers bear very little relation to providers' cost to supply these services. (
  • Increasing co-payments in lockstep with rising prices can have a detrimental effect on patient health, and in some cases increases overall health care costs. (
  • Although these new cost-sharing arrangements are being widely adopted, little was known initially about how they would affect drug costs and use, overall health care costs, and patient health. (
  • Health-care-sharing ministries have grown sharply in the era of Obamacare, organizers say. (
  • Mira's husband, Gabriel Mira, 30, a general contractor, had long been a member of Christian Care Ministry's Medi-Share program of Melbourne, Fla., one of the three top health-care-sharing groups in the U.S. The others include Samaritan Ministries International of Peoria, Ill., and Christian Healthcare Ministries of Barberton, Ohio. (
  • Health-care-cost-sharing groups, which date back decades, originated with the biblical notion of neighbors sharing burdens. (
  • And because of the individual mandate, there are previously uninsured people who've chosen health-care sharing as an option. (
  • Health Minister Randy Delorey said the Opioid Damages and Health Care Costs Recovery Act would give the province the option to launch its own lawsuit or eventually join a British Columbia-led class action. (
  • However, he did point to a 2014 study by the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse and Addiction that estimated the overall cost of opioid addiction in Nova Scotia to be $1.2 billion a year - a figure that included health care, justice and lost productivity. (
  • Cost-sharing in health care : proceedings of the International Seminar on Sharing of Health Care Costs, Wolfsberg, Switzerland, March 20-23, 1979 / edited by A. Brandt, B. Horisberger and W. P. von Wartburg, with the cooperation of B. Abel-Smith, general rapporteur. (
  • This indicates the Informal paymentis defined as the cost of health care ser- considerable amount of financial resources that are vices paid by the patients to services providers which is wasted instead of being used for health promotion outside the scope of official tariffs ( 1 ). (
  • What are the equity, efficiency, cost containment and choice implications of private health-care funding in western Europe? (
  • Kent Shoop, 67, a pastor with Upper County Community Church in Easton, said he and his wife, Cathy, also 67, joined Christian Healthcare Ministries in 2010 after she retired as a school librarian and they found the cost to maintain insurance too high. (
  • recorded high coronavirus-related costs for the second straight quarter, overshadowing its better-than-expected results and sending the company's shares down 3% in extended trading on Thursday. (
  • Mark Walker, general manager of Zipcar UK comments: "With the current crunch on household budgets, it's clear that the high fixed costs of owning a car are motivating people to think about the need for owning one. (
  • Citi shares, which have been trading at a 10-month high, fell about 2.5 per cent. (
  • It would lower the cost of utilities to everyone, it would eliminate the complaint about high costs of auto ownership, and encourage people to buy the equipment to start businesses and grow the economy. (
  • This white paper explores how you can help them reduce their specialist costs by 35% and reduce the total cost of care by deploying embedded care navigators who direct required referrals to high-quality, cost-effective options. (
  • The key to delivering higher-quality care at a lower cost is getting patients to see high-performing individual doctors. (
  • The development of low-cost ultrafiltration membranes with relatively high flow rate and selectivity is an important goal which could improve access to clean water in the developing world. (
  • She is invested in helping students navigate the high costs of college and breaking down the complexities of student loans. (
  • 2. Civilian occupational injury fatalities ranged from a high of 5,396 in 1994 to a low of 4,888 in 2001, while the total societal cost ranged from a low of $4.1 billion in 1998 to a high of just over $4.5 billion in the years 1993 and 1994 (Table 1). (
  • The mean societal costs ranged from $808,000 in 1998 to a high of $863,000 in 2001, with a similar range of median costs - $817,000 in 1998 to $869,000 in 1993 (Table 1). (
  • This work at the regional level must be complemented by detailed analyses at the country level in order to adapt the high-level vision to the local context, to align with the existing situation and current country priorities, to adopt a more granular approach in terms of costing and investment, to integrate with the local Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy, and to build a pragmatic and actionable roadmap. (
  • while cost has come down considerably, the high cost of treatment remains a barrier to treatment for many. (
  • Drug formularies are created to help control rising drug costs, which in America today, are a real challenge. (
  • Whether insurers continue to participate in the ACA marketplaces and what consumers - and federal taxpayers - ultimately pay could depend on the actions of 50 different state insurance commissioners (plus D.C.). Yet, as noted, these state regulators and insurers are in a race against the clock to develop, review, and implement 2018 premium rates that reflect insurers' likely costs as accurately as possible. (
  • Cost-sharing is also permitted in non-EASA (Annex I of the Basic Regulation (EU) 2018/1139) aircraft registered in the UK. (
  • After steep tariffs were imposed on quartz slabs from China in 2018, US producers and fabricators sought other sources of low-cost quartz slab to fill the supply gap. (
  • Zipcar is a car sharing scheme, which offers a solution to the changing needs of city living and provides access to a range of low-carbon vehicles on a pay-as-you-go basis, for anything from one hour to a week at a time. (
  • With the cost of living increasing and rising fuel prices, Zipcar has looked into UK car ownership data from the last year, the average number of miles driven and associated running and maintenance costs, in order to calculate the savings to be made by joining a car club. (
  • The study calculates that if just 12% of Londoners with a car switched to Zipcar, the Capital could save up to £1bn per year on the cost of motoring. (
  • Whilst studies have shown that every Zipcar takes at least 15 vehicles off the road, as members sell private cars in order to car share. (
  • Our research shows us that the majority of private cars are unused 90% of the time, and often used just once a week to do the weekly shop or go away at the weekend, meaning that opting for a service like Zipcar for many is a smart, cost effective and eco-conscious alternative to owning a car. (
  • Thus, Zipcar offers the freedom and benefits of car ownership, without the headaches or cost. (
  • We rounded this to 2,000 miles and compared the cost of that usage in a private vehicle with the cost on Zipcar. (
  • The cost of using Zipcar is taken from a typical annual usage pattern of 15 reservations which add up to 2,000 miles per year, using Zipcar's online price calculator. (
  • How much does Zipcar cost? (
  • Yes, gas is included in the cost of your Zipcar membership. (
  • Estimate the cost of your next trip below. (
  • The final cost for Green's WLAN implementation was about $22,400-$3,200 less than the $25,600 estimate for installing a wired LAN. (
  • We multiplied the average costs by the number of patients hospitalized for outbreak-associated hepatitis A to generate an estimate of the preventable economic burden of hospitalizations in the ongoing person-to-person outbreaks ( 2 ). (
  • Because the NIS reports hospital discharges rather than unique patients, we were unable to identify patients with multiple hospitalizations or estimate the per-person costs of hepatitis A inpatient care. (
  • Sharing of trans- port logistics and equipment between physicians and vet- vaccination services linked to other health interventions. (
  • Quality interventions at a minimum cost. (
  • What are the most effective and cost-effective interventions in alcohol control? (
  • But by selling environmentally friendly services effectively, liners can share these costs with customers as well as promote the ultimate objective of greener supply chains. (
  • However, most organized systems of care lack the infrastructure or incentives to measure offset savings, nor can they recycle these savings to find the behavioral services required to produce cost off-sets. (
  • La publication d'une œuvre ou d'une interprétation fixée sur phonogramme, vidéogramme ou tout autre support emporte cession du droit de mise à la disposition du public sur des services de communication en ligne, pour les seuls actes effectués par des particuliers à des fins non commerciales, à une société régie par le titre II du livre III et agréée à cet effet par le ministre chargé de la culture. (
  • Cost analysis is used to explore costs and get quick answers for things like finding the top cost contributors or understanding how you're charged for the services you use. (
  • Please do not collect cost-sharing payments from any EmblemHealth member for the services described in this letter until further notice. (
  • The legislature should look at the combined delivery and cost of services for state and municipal government in their discussions, as well as the money to pay for it. (
  • Moreover, the leading airline companies offer tickets directly via the telephone or the internet and eliminate the role of third-party agencies, which reduces the cost of transactions and services. (
  • Similarly, the proposed rule clarifies that the costs of services provided after an individual has exhausted benefit limits or exceeded the policy's annual or lifetime limits may also count as part of the hospital's uncompensated care costs. (
  • Digital opens the door for carriers to strengthen their direct relationships with end customers, further reduce their costs (including for fuel, vessel operation, and customer service), and pursue new revenue streams beyond traditional shipping services . (
  • However, cost shifting existed so that physicians could be motivated to provide unnecessary services to the patients who should have been discharged before the average length of stay . (
  • Transfers from unrestricted accounts to the cost sharing accounts should be made in the fiscal year in which the costs are to be incurred. (
  • If so, please contact your representative(s) with your personalized request that they ensure the Organic Certification Cost Share Program is fully funded. (
  • In your role on the Appropriations Committee, I ask you to restore funding to the Organic Certification Cost Share Program (OCCSP). (
  • Do I have to be an OSCIA member to apply to a cost-share funding program or attend a workshop? (
  • Eligibility requirements for individual cost-share programs are outlined in the respective program guidelines. (
  • a) There is created the Agriculture Cost Share Program for Nonpoint Source Pollution Control. (
  • 8) For practices that are eligible for funding from the federal Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program, State funding from the program shall be limited to seventy-five percent (75%) of the average cost of each practice, with the remainder paid from funding from the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program, other available federal funds, other State funds, or the assisted farmer, whose contribution may include in-kind support of the practice. (
  • Complete an annual cost-share program survey. (
  • Through this program, eligible operations will be reimbursed up to 75% of their organic certification costs, not to exceed $750, for each NOP scope of organic certification. (
  • Whether or not your operation needs the funds, consider applying for cost share-applying helps ensure future funding and program availability for small businesses trying to succeed in the organic marketplace. (
  • Cost sharing on a sponsored program is a contribution to the cost of the project not funded by the sponsor. (
  • Program income earned under an award may not count as cost sharing unless authorized by the sponsor. (
  • Results from this study have the potential to change clinical care for all members of the WTC Health Program by introducing and evaluating an informed/shared approach to decision making for cancer screening and to ultimately reduce the cancer burden of this vulnerable population. (
  • Over the past decade, the cost of prescription drugs has been rising at about 10 percent per year. (
  • In an attempt to control costs, many employers and insurers have modified pharmacy benefit designs to steer patients and physicians toward lower-cost drugs and to reduce overall drug spending. (
  • They say when it comes to specialty drugs, patients are now having to pay a percentage of the overall cost, instead of a fixed payment. (
  • Other risk factors include having sex with multiple partners without a condom, sharing equipment to inject drugs, or exchanging sex for money or items. (
  • They also use single type aircraft with minimum equipment to reduce weight, acquisition and maintenance costs while increasing fuel efficiency. (
  • The Honolulu Deep Draft Harbor Modification Feasibility Study will investigate alternatives to improve ship navigation efficiency, reduce transportation costs, maintain safety in Honolulu Harbor and improve the resilience of Harbor operations to meet the demand for goods in Hawaii and U.S. territories in the Pacific. (
  • Sign up to receive our monthly email newsletter, "The Monthly Feedstuff," to stay up to date on grazing and livestock cost-share news, upcoming events, the latest research and more! (
  • Elimination of federal cost-sharing reductions could increase marketplace spending by 18 percent or increase the uninsured by 9.4 million, depending on insurer response. (
  • Without cost reductions, EVs will be too expensive for the middle class, shrinking the market and driving costs up more, Tavares told reporters Thursday at the CES gadget show in Las Vegas. (
  • If not, consider sharing this action alert on social media or by email. (
  • Overall, the analysts found that increased cost sharing does reduce drug use substantially, although differentially, depending on the type of drug. (
  • Still, most state and local governments continue to offer DB plans, though many now use cost-sharing mechanisms to reduce budget uncertainty. (
  • In an accompanying editorial, Betsy Q. Cliff, MS, and A. Mark Fendrick, MD, write that increased consumer cost sharing has become a widely used tool by both commercial and public payers to reduce healthcare spending. (
  • Aside from rent, bills will be the second largest home-associated monthly outgoing, but don't worry, there's a way to reduce those costs too. (
  • When cost is a concern for clients (and the majority of the time it is), I can often suggest ways to reduce the price while explaining the implications of each decision. (
  • Install a hybrid geothermal heat pump system and reduce the cost of implementing geothermal heating and cooling on your building project. (
  • As reserve accumulation has gathered pace in recent years, and as foreign exchange (FX) reserve holdings have risen far above conventional measures of reserve adequacy, a vigorous debate has begun as to whether part of the reserves should be invested in riskier assets to reduce their financial costs. (
  • The health law requires insurers to offer enrollees with lower incomes variants of their standard silver plans with lower levels of cost sharing. (
  • Only the hospital's inpatient and outpatient costs-and not, for example, physician costs-may count toward a hospital's uncompensated care costs for the purposes of calculating the hospital's DSH cap. (
  • When cost share is required by a sponsor as part of the proposal submission (mandatory cost share) and/or when Texas Tech includes quantifiable contributions to a project in a proposal not required by a sponsoring agency (voluntary cost share), TTU must track report the committed match. (
  • Mandatory cost sharing is required to be reported on the financial reports and to be supported through the accounting records. (
  • After the data was reported on Tuesday, the shares fell 92 per cent on the Australian Securities Exchange to less than 5c. (
  • Sharing charts, maps, and more to show who Americans are, how policy affects the everyday, and how we can use data to make a difference. (
  • The cost of private ownership is the average of two figures calculated from the latest data published by the AA and RAC, which is £4,368. (
  • Track and share economic and production data. (
  • Resource was costed as an NHS band 8a rate, and chosen due to in depth expertise around Data Protection and Governance in the health and care sector. (
  • This 'turn back time' method for censored observations censors cost data b units of time before the actual censoring time, while keeping the actual censoring time for the survival data. (
  • New N.Y. Data Shows Larger Auto Injury Cost DropNU Online News Service, Sept. 16, 11:45 a.m. (
  • Our Cyber Risk & Data Privacy Summit brings together industry experts to discuss best practices on managing cyber risks and share insights into the latest data privacy trends. (
  • Limitations of this study are varied and include lack of inclusion of some costs of insurance compensation, lack of comprehensiveness of data drawn from death certificates and pay equity. (
  • If so, are you willing to share this data with other states and tobacco control partners? (
  • Indirect costs are calculated for each incident by accounting for the probability of survival, median annual earnings at the time of death, home production costs, earnings growth rate adjustments, and real discount rate. (
  • It would have permanence, and lowers the cost of living for all. (
  • A higher actuarial value means less cost sharing. (
  • The analysis finds considerable variation in plan design, noting that plans offered in the same state and within the same metal level may have very different cost-sharing structures and still reach the same actuarial value. (
  • By enrolling in DEL, you will pay a co-payment of 20% of the total cost of the drug, plus $2.00 for each prescription. (
  • Keyera Corp. says the cost of a proposed natural gas liquids pipeline put on hold last year amid the COVID-19 pandemic and commodity price uncertainty has risen by $300 million to $1.6 billion. (
  • According to EU Directive 2011/64/EU of June 21, 2011, the share of excise taxes in the retail price of cigarettes in Poland reached 62.1 percent. (
  • Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. share price moved up by 1.05% from its previous close of Rs 1,761.75. (
  • Shares rose as much as 46.9% in early trading to HK10.58 a share, up on the initial price of $7.20 a share. (
  • Is price gouging behind the rising cost of eggs? (
  • If this report is indeed true, it would mean the PlayStation 4 would be initially retailing for a price cheaper than the PlayStation 3 at launch, which cost $499 for the base model. (
  • Nationally, the average cost of a tiny home is $52,000, 87% cheaper than the average price of a typical home. (
  • The median cost of a tiny house today is about $60,000, and the price keeps climbing as the demand for these smaller structures increases and builders push the boundaries of what they can look like,' said Kupriyanov, who also noted that tiny houses are not guaranteed to appreciate in value the way a regular home will. (
  • The challenge of balancing pension costs with the need to recruit and retain a strong workforce has prompted policymakers in many states to take a closer look at how they provide retirement benefits. (
  • These mechanisms are distinct from ad hoc or one-time changes that shift risk or costs onto employees by increasing their contributions or reducing post-retirement benefits in response to unpredictable events. (
  • In addition to cost-saving benefits, members can enjoy a more flexible and eco-conscious alternative to traditional car ownership. (
  • In sum, this study provides evidence that cognate naming can cause costs in addition to benefits. (
  • These limits apply to all OOP costs for in-network essential health benefits. (
  • The bank raised its total provision arising from the U.S. money-laundering investigation by $800 million to $1.5 billion, though it warned that the cost could be much higher. (
  • It also set aside an extra $353 million to compensate U.K. customers, raising the total estimated cost for payment protection insurance to $1.8 billion. (
  • Federal funding was originally available to each territory at 75% of the total eligible costs. (
  • Please could you provide the total annual budget allocation and cost of providing the Scottish Information Sharing Toolkit - To include all staff and not staff cost with any additional 3rd party contracts associated with providing the service. (
  • Ultimately, the biggest obstacle relates to total installed cost of solar shingles. (
  • This document presents the number of fatal occupational injuries and their total, mean, and median societal costs for each state and by worker and case characteristics for the U.S. for 1992-2001. (
  • The cost-of-illness method, which sums indirect and direct costs, was used to calculate the mean, median, and total societal costs for the fatalities reported in NTOF. (
  • From 1992-2001, there were 51,684 civilian workers who died from injuries sustained while working in the U.S., generating a total societal cost of just over $43 billion (Table 1). (
  • Males had about the same share of total societal costs. (
  • To erinarians reduced total costs. (
  • To be eligible for cost share funds under this subdivision, a project shall be evaluated before funding is awarded and after the project is completed to determine the impact on water quality. (
  • 3. For the years 1992-2001, the mean and median societal costs of a fatal occupational injury were $834,000 and $841,000, respectively. (
  • The pilot must pay a contribution to these direct costs. (
  • Any financial contribution made by the insured person towards the cost of the healthcare service, as defined by their health insurance policy. (
  • When this news broke yesterday, courtesy of the Hollywood Reporter , cinemas panicked, cinema-goers grumbled and post after post was penned expressing outrage that Sony would pass the $5 - $10 million it currently costs to provide glasses per 3D film to movie watchers. (
  • The comparisons show how average cost sharing declines for lower-income enrollees. (
  • 6) Except as provided in subdivision (8) of this subsection, State funding shall be limited to seventy-five percent (75%) of the average cost for each practice with the assisted farmer providing twenty-five percent (25%) of the cost, which may include in-kind support of the practice, with a maximum of seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000) per year to each applicant. (
  • My suggestion is to rewrite the Education Cost Sharing formula so that the state covers 75% of the average cost of education for every student in every community. (
  • Share cases and questions with Physicians on Medscape Consult. (
  • The retailer, which is part-owned by French retailer Auchan , raised HK$8.21bn (US$1.05bn) after 1.14bn new shares in the company were sold. (
  • DETROIT (AP) - Stellantis CEO Carlos Tavares says his company has to work on cutting costs globally in order to keep electric vehicles affordable for the middle class. (
  • Tavares said he's not certain about costs going up or whether Belvidere will be closed, but said Stellantis must be prepared for a shrinking auto market globally. (
  • Graduate Research Assistant Tuition and un-recovered indirect costs. (
  • TB is responsible for considerable direct and indirect costs to individuals and society. (
  • "We expect our partners, whether in NATO, in the Middle East, or the Pacific - to take a direct and meaningful role in both strategic and military operations, and pay their fair share of the cost," Trump told the House. (
  • Apart from strengthening ties with "historic institutions," the US is willing to "find new friends, and to forge new partnerships, where shared interests align, " Trump said. (
  • The economic impact of Trump administration tariffs imposed on a number of goods, but especially steel and aluminum , continues to generate growing concern - especially regarding the cost of infrastructure projects . (
  • Additional information on cost sharing policies may be found in TTU OP 65.07 Cost Sharing on Sponsored Projects . (
  • The additional cost per shipping container will depend on a vessel's size, utilization, and speed as well as the type of technology deployed. (
  • All of the material and labor often require custom or specialty sizing, which all adds to additional cost of building and maintaining the tiny home. (
  • This additional service may or may not involve an extra cost. (
  • A number of states with defined benefit (DB), or traditional, pension plans have policies that allow them to retain the core elements of the benefit while sharing the risk of cost increases-as well as potential gains-between employees and employers. (
  • The need to specifically define the desired outcomes for a modeling system and to evaluate the performance of the system in achieving the outcomes and cost was also identified. (
  • OSCIA delivers educational opportunities through workshops and webinars, and cost-share incentive programs that support Ontario producers in implementing best management and sustainability practices on their farms. (
  • No, OSCIA membership is not a requirement to apply for cost-share funding or attend a workshop or webinar. (