Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
A genus of asporogenous bacteria that is widely distributed in nature. Its organisms appear as straight to slightly curved rods and are known to be human and animal parasites and pathogens.
Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CORYNEBACTERIUM.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria in which three cultural types are recognized. These types (gravis, intermedius, and mitis) were originally given in accordance with the clinical severity of the cases from which the different strains were most frequently isolated. This species is the causative agent of DIPHTHERIA.
A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
An ADP-ribosylating polypeptide produced by CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE that causes the signs and symptoms of DIPHTHERIA. It can be broken into two unequal domains: the smaller, catalytic A domain is the lethal moiety and contains MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASES which transfers ADP RIBOSE to PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTOR 2 thereby inhibiting protein synthesis; and the larger B domain that is needed for entry into cells.
A species of gram-positive, asporogenous, non-pathogenic, soil bacteria that produces GLUTAMIC ACID.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
A family of multisubunit cytoskeletal motor proteins that use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to power a variety of cellular functions. Dyneins fall into two major classes based upon structural and functional criteria.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
A bacteria isolated from normal skin, intestinal contents, wounds, blood, pus, and soft tissue abscesses. It is a common contaminant of clinical specimens, presumably from the skin of patients or attendants.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.

Sex differences in susceptibility of ICR mice to oral infection with Corynebacterium kutscheri. (1/263)

Sex difference in susceptibility to oral infection with Corynebacterium (C.) kutscheri was experimentally studied in ICR mice. Immature (4-week-old) and adult (14-week-old) mice were inoculated with two infecting doses of C. kutscheri, and necropsied for bacteriological and serological survey 4 weeks after the bacterial infection. No macroscopic lesions at necropsy were demonstrated, except for one adult male given 10(9) bacteria. In immature mice, C. Kutscheri isolated from the oral cavity and cecum with FNC agar, were recovered in only 40.0% of female mice but in 90.0% of male mice given 10(6) bacteria (p < 0.05), and in only 55.6% of female mice but in 80.0% male mice given 10(8) bacteria. In adult mice given 10(9) bacteria, the organism were recovered in only 45.5% of female mice but in 90.9% of male mice (p < 0.05), furthermore, the mean number of organisms in the cecum of male mice harboring the organism was significantly higher than that in females (p < 0.01). Castration caused an increase in host resistance in adult male mice. These results indicated that ICR male mice were more susceptible than females, in terms of bacterial colonization in the cecum and the oral cavity, to oral infection with C. kutscheri.  (+info)

Corynebacterium sundsvallense sp. nov., from human clinical specimens. (2/263)

Three strains of a previously undescribed catalase-positive non-lipophilic coryneform bacterium isolated from human clinical specimens were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Morphologically the unknown bacterium consisted of pleomorphic rods, some of which displayed bulges/knobs at their ends. All three strains were similar in that they produced acid from fructose, glucose, maltose and sucrose and were urease-positive. Chemotaxonomic investigations revealed the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid and short-chain mycolic acids consistent with the genus Corynebacterium sensu stricto. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the three strains are genealogically highly related and constitute a new subline within the genus Corynebacterium, displaying > 3% sequence divergence with recognized species. The unknown bacterium was distinguished from currently validly published Corynebacterium species by phenotypic tests, including electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium from clinical specimens be classified as Corynebacterium sundsvallense sp. nov. The type strain is CCUG 36622T.  (+info)

Emergence of related nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis strains in Western Europe. (3/263)

We report on 17 isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis with related ribotypes from Switzerland, Germany, and France. Isolates came from skin and subcutaneous infections of injecting drug users, homeless persons, prisoners, and elderly orthopedic patients with joint prostheses or primary joint infections. Such isolates had only been observed in Switzerland.  (+info)

Bacterial conjunctivitis in Muc1 null mice. (4/263)

PURPOSE: In contrast to wild-type mice, genetically engineered Mucin1 (Muc1) null animals display a marked propensity for development of blepharitis and conjunctivitis. Molecular approaches confirmed the presence of Muc1 mRNA and protein in the conjunctival tissue of wild-type mice and identified the bacterial species in Muc1 null symptomatic mice. METHODS: Muc1 null animals housed in a conventional facility were examined for visually apparent inflammation of the eye and surrounding tissue. Blood taken from overtly affected animals was assayed for antibodies to common murine viral agents. Swabs of infected eyes and whole eye preparations were used to detect and speciate bacterial pathogens. Frozen sections of whole eye, lid margin, and Harderian gland were immunostained with antibodies to Muc1 and cytokeratin 14, both epithelial cell markers. Northern blot analysis and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed on RNA isolated from conjunctiva and Harderian gland of wild-type mice to compare relative levels of transcript. RESULTS: Student's unpaired t-test performed on the eye inflammation frequency of Muc1 null mice confirmed a statistical significance (P < 0.01) when compared to wild-type background animals housed in the same room. Analysis of blood samples from affected Muc1 null animals detected no common murine viral pathogens. Bacterial analysis of conjunctival swabs and whole eye preparations demonstrated the presence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Streptococcus type alpha, and Corynebacterium group G2. Muc1 antibody staining of wild-type sections revealed the presence of Muc1 on conjunctival goblet and non-goblet cells and on the epithelium of the Harderian gland. Serial sections stained with cytokeratin 14 antibody confirmed the epithelial nature of cells expressing the Muc1 protein. RNA from conjunctiva and Harderian gland subjected to RT-PCR and northern blot analysis showed an abundance of Muc1 transcript in these tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Muc1 mRNA and protein are present in murine conjunctival and Harderian gland epithelia. Animals lacking Muc1 mRNA and protein are predisposed to developing eye inflammation when compared to wild-type animals with an intact Muc1 gene. Muc1 appears to play a critical protective role at the ocular surface, presumably by acting as a barrier to infection by certain bacterial strains.  (+info)

Randomized, double-blind trial of an antibiotic-lock technique for prevention of gram-positive central venous catheter-related infection in neutropenic patients with cancer. (5/263)

The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of an antibiotic-lock technique in preventing endoluminal catheter-related infection with gram-positive bacteria in neutropenic patients with hematologic malignancies. Patients with nontunneled, multilumen central venous catheters were assigned in a randomized, double-blinded manner to receive either 10 U of heparin per ml (57 patients) or 10 U of heparin per ml and 25 microg of vancomycin per ml (60 patients), which were instilled in the catheter lumen and which were allowed to dwell in the catheter lumen for 1 h every 2 days. Insertion-site and hub swabs were taken twice weekly. The primary and secondary end points of the trial were significant colonization of the catheter hub and catheter-related bacteremia, respectively. Significant colonization of the catheter hub occurred in nine (15.8%) patients receiving heparin (seven patients were colonized with Staphylococcus epidermidis, one patient was colonized with Staphylococcus capitis, and one patient was colonized with Corynebacterium sp.), whereas the catheter hubs of none of the patients receiving heparin and vancomycin were colonized (P = 0.001). Catheter-related bacteremia developed in four (7%) patients receiving heparin (three patients had S. epidermidis bacteremia and one patient had S. capitis bacteremia), whereas none of the patients in the heparin and vancomycin group had catheter-related bacteremia (P = 0.05). The times to catheter hub colonization and to catheter-related bacteremia by the Kaplan-Meier method were longer in patients receiving heparin and vancomycin than in patients receiving heparin alone (P = 0.004 and P = 0.06, respectively). Our study shows that a solution containing heparin and vancomycin administered by using an antibiotic-lock technique effectively prevents catheter hub colonization with gram-positive bacteria and subsequent bacteremia during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in patients with hematologic malignancy.  (+info)

Targeting improves the efficacy of a DNA vaccine against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in sheep. (6/263)

A large-scale DNA vaccination trial was performed with sheep to investigate whether an antigen targeted by CTLA-4 enhanced and accelerated the humoral immune response. Vaccination with genetically detoxified phospholipase D (DeltaPLD) has been shown to be effective, at least partially, against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the causal agent of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep. CTLA-4 binds to B7 on antigen-presenting cells and thus was used to direct the fusion antigens to sites of immune induction. Here we demonstrated that targeting DeltaPLD as a CTLA-4 fusion protein significantly enhanced the speed, magnitude, and longevity of the antibody response compared to that obtained with DNA encoding DeltaPLD. While all groups of sheep vaccinated with DNA encoding DeltaPLD were afforded better protection against an experimental challenge with C. pseudotuberculosis than those immunized with an irrelevant plasmid or those left unimmunized, the best protection was provided by the targeted DNA vaccine. We propose that targeting antigens to antigen-presenting cells offers a generic strategy for enhancing the efficacy of DNA vaccines.  (+info)

Tumor necrosis factor alpha and gamma interferon are required for the development of protective immunity to secondary Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in mice. (7/263)

The production and role of endogenous cytokines during the course of secondary Corynebacterium (C.) pseudotuberculosis infection were investigated in mice. When immunized mice were challenged on day 28 after primary infection, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) were found to appear at 3 hr and to reach the maximum at 24 hr after challenge. Spleen cells of mice primarily infected from 2 to 8 weeks before produced a significant amount of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma when stimulated with formalin-killed bacteria. However, they could not produce detectable amounts of IL-4. The administration of anti-TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody (MAb) and IFN-gamma MAb increased bacterial proliferation in the organs of immune mice and exacerbated the secondary infection. Injection of anti-CD4 MAb alone or anti-CD4 plus anti-CD8 MAbs resulted in significantly increased mortality and a marked suppression of bacterial elimination as well as cytokine production of secondarily infected mice, while the treatment with anti-CD8 MAb alone showed no effect on either the resistance or cytokine production of mice. These results suggest that CD4, probably Th1 T cells, play an important role for establishment of protective immunity against secondary C. pseudotuberculosis infection by secreting TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma.  (+info)

CT and MRI findings in primitive pituitary abscess: a case report and review of literature. (8/263)

Pituitary abscess is not rare. Clinical and radiological features in a primitive pituitary abscess are reported. Transphenoidal surgery revealed an abscess. Preoperative diagnosis of pituitary abscess remains difficult. Sellar round cystic mass isointense to grey matter on T1, high intensity signal on T2, with a peripheral rim enhancement following gadolinium injection associated with thickened stalk and diabetes insipidus may be suggestive of pituitary abscess.  (+info)

We describe the first reported case of Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum) relapsing bacteraemia in a patient with peripheral arterial disease and proven Corynebacterium species colonization of a chronic foot ulcer, focusing on the difficulties in the management of the patient. We conclude that the optimal duration of the antibiotic treatment for relapsing C. striatum bacteraemia from a chronic ulcer should be 6 weeks together with surgical treatment.. Key words: Corynebacterium striatum, antibiotic treatment, peripheral arterial disease, relapsing bacteraemia, skin infection. Corynebacterium species other than Corynebacterium diphteriae are part of the normal flora of human skin and mucous membranes (Coyle and Lipsky, 1990). Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum), a gram-positive bacillus, was traditionally regarded to be a colonizer or a contaminant (Watkins et al., 1993). The first published case of C. striatum infection was in 1980 in an immunocompromised patient with pleuropulmonary ...
Corynebacterium striatum is a member of the non-diphtherial corynebacteria, which are ubiquitous in nature and generally colonize the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Rarely, it causes infective endocarditis (IE). We report a case of rare left atrial bacterial vegetative mass due to C. striatum masquerading as a myxoma identified through a tortuous diagnostic process, and present a brief review of the relevant literature. We present a case of 63-year-old man who presented with progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion and lower leg edema, and was diagnosed with heart failure. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed that the left atrium was filled with a 2.7 cm × 2.6 cm mass. The patient, who had no signs of infection or related risk factors, was suspected of having a left atrial myxoma clinically. After excising the mass, the histopathology suggested thrombus with no myxocytes. Postoperatively, a fever appeared and C. striatum was isolated from the blood
The genus Corynebacterium is composed of Gram-positive bacteria that are widely distributed throughout the environment; these bacteria are also part of the normal microbiota of human skin and mucous membranes. Multiple studies have shown that species of this genus, including C. striatum, become pathogenic to humans under special conditions. Our aim was to determine the characteristics of clinical multiresistant strains of C. striatum that were isolated in our geographical region, to determine their diversity, and to compare them with the type strain and with related species. We studied fifty-two strains of C. striatum isolated from different hospitals from Mallorca, Spain, mainly from the Hospital Joan March in Bunyola, Mallorca. Most of the strains were isolated from sputum cultures of respiratory samples from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To gain further insight into the genetic diversity of the strains, we analysed several housekeeping genes and other genes associated with
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Dryness of the skin, known as xerosis, or xeroderma, is a common condition in the elderly. As people age, the outer layer of skin loses water, causing the surface to become dry and rough.1 Incidence of xerosis increases with age, and prevalence of the condition in the United States may increase, given the demographic aging of the population.2 Xerosis may be a troubling condition in elderly individuals because of its physical appearance and the physical discomfort that may ensue. While the exact cause of xerosis is unknown, the condition is related to altered lipid composition of the stratum corneum, in addition to other changes in epidermal differentiation.1 It appears as though xerosis does not occur as a result of decreased water in the skin, but rather is the result of abnormal keritinization and desquamation. 2 ...
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 18 conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 5 common conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 4 somewhat common conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 2 uncommon conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 7 rare conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis.
Corynebacterium amycolatum is a Gram-positive, nonspore-forming, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacillus capable of fermentation with propionic acid as the major end product of its glucose metabolism. One of its best known relatives is Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the causative agent of diphtheria. C. amycolatum is a common component of the natural flora found on human skin and mucous membranes, and as such, is often disregarded by physicians as a contaminant when found in blood cultures. However, C. amycolatum is actually an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing serious human disease such as endocarditis and sepsis. First described in 1988, C. amycolatum is one of the diphtheroids most often isolated from clinical samples. However, it is often difficult to differentiate from other fermentative corynebacteria such as C. minutissimum and C. xerosis, both of which are known human pathogens. One method of differentiation, however, is by observing the cell wall. Unlike other members of this ...
Corynebacterium minutissimum is a species of Corynebacterium associated with erythrasma, a type of skin rash. It can be distinguished from similar-appearing rashes by exposing the area to the light of a Woods lamp; C. minutissimum produces porphyrins that fluoresce coral-red. Dalal A, Likhi R (January 2008). Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteremia and meningitis: a case report and review of literature. J. Infect. 56 (1): 77-9. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2007.10.006. PMID 18036665. Habif, Thomas R. Clinical Dermatology (4th ed.). Mosby. p. 419. ISBN 0-323-01319-8. Type strain of Corynebacterium minutissimum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology ...
An increasing body of evidence indicates that nondiphtheria corynebacteria may be responsible for respiratory tract infections. We report an outbreak of Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). To identify 18 C. pseudodiphtheriticum strains isolated from 13 French children with CF, we used molecular methods (partial rpoB gene sequencing) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Clinical symptoms were exhibited by 10 children (76.9%), including cough, rhinitis, and lung exacerbations. The results of MALDI-TOF identification matched perfectly with those obtained from molecular identification. Retrospective analysis of sputum specimens by using specific real-time PCR showed that ≈20% of children with CF were colonized with these bacteria, whereas children who did not have CF had negative test results. Our study reemphasizes the conclusion that correctly identifying bacteria at the species level facilitates
Free Online Library: Nosocomial endocarditis caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum and other nondiphtheriae corynebacteria. (Dispatches). by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Cross infection Causes of Drug resistance in microorganisms Research Endocarditis Microbial drug resistance Nosocomial infections Pathogenic microorganisms
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum ATCC ® BAA-732™ Designation: Vitek #12653 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain
Corynebacterium minutissimum: …and attributed to the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The lesions are generally seen on the inner sides of the thighs, in the scrotum, in the toe webs, and in the armpits. Erythrasma is more likely to occur in a warm climate. It is usually effectively treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, but (on…
Corynebacterium minutissimum symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Corynebacterium minutissimum (Erythrasma) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pilot immunization of mice infected with an equine strain of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. AU - Gorman, Jennifer K.. AU - Gabriel, Mourad. AU - Maclachlan, Nigel J. AU - Nieto, Nathan C.. AU - Foley, Janet E. AU - Spier, Sharon. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - This pilot study evaluated protection of an equine autogenous bacterin-toxoid vaccine against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection. Twenty-four BALB/c mice were inoculated with two doses of bacterin-toxoid vaccine or two injections of a placebo. Clinical, microbiologic, and pathologic outcomes were assessed after intradermal infection with one of two equine-origin C. pseudotuberculosis strains. Mice receiving bacterin-toxoid from fast-growing C. pseudotuberculosis showed significant protection from challenge infection, as evidenced by a higher survival rate, fewer gross and histopathologic lesions, and lower bacterial levels on culture. Successful protection via a vaccine against equine internal abscesses might ...
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a bacterium which causes diseases such as caseous lymphadenitis in small ruminants, resulting in large-scale economic losses for agribusiness worldwide. Consequently, this bacterium including its transcriptional profile analysis has been the focus of various stu Integrative Computational Biology
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a pathogenic bacterium which has been rapidly spreading all over the world, causing economic losses in the agricultural sector and sporadically infecting humans. Six C. pseudotuberculosis strains were isolated from goats, sheep, and horses with distinct abscess locations. For the first time, Mexican genomes of this bacterium were sequenced and studied in silico. All strains were sequenced using Ion Personal Genome Machine sequencer, assembled using Newbler and SPAdes software. The automatic genome annotation was done using the software RAST and in-house scripts for transference, followed by manual curation using Artemis software and BLAST against NCBI and UniProt databases. The six genomes are publicly available in NCBI database. The analysis of nucleotide sequence similarity and the generated phylogenetic tree led to the observation that the Mexican strains are more similar between strains from the same host, but the genetic structure is probably more influenced by
Three coryneform strains isolated from clinical samples were analysed. These strains fitted the biochemical profile of Corynebacterium striatum by conventional methods. However, according to recently described identification tests for fermenting corynebacteria, the strains behaved rather like Corynebacterium minutissimum. The three isolates could be distinguished from C. minutissimum by a positive nitrate and nitrite reductase test and by not fermenting maltose; from C. striatum by their inability to acidify ethylene glycol and to grow at 20 degrees C. Genetic studies based on 16S rRNA showed that the three strains were in fact different from C. minutissimum and C. striatum (96.9 and 98% similarity, respectively) and from other corynebacteria. They represent a new species for which the name Corynebacterium simulans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DSM 44415T (= UCL 553T = Co 553T).
Author: S. MATHAVI, A.V. RAGHAVENDRA RAO, A. KAVITHA, G. SASIKALA, INDRA PRIYADHARSINI. Category: Microbiology. [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Introduction: Coryneform or the nondiphtherial Corynebacterium species remains a neglected group as contaminants. Theseorganisms havebeen associated with invasive disease, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Species like Corynebacterium amycolatum, Corynebacterium jeikeium , Corynebacterium minutissimum and Corynebacterium urealyticum are reported with increasing frequency. An alarming rate of antibiotic resistance is also documented among such organisms. Aim and Objective: This study was done to find out the various species of clinically relevant Coryneforms and to determine their antibiogram.. Materials and Methods: A total of 857 clinical samples (Pus, wound swab, urine, blood, sputum and catheter tips) received in the Microbiology department during January 2013 to October 2013 were included in the study. They were subjected to Grams staining and ...
More specific detection methods in recent years have allowed further investigation of the coryneform bacterias.C macginleyi was first identified in 1995 by Riegel et al 5-7 during investigations on lipophilic corynebacteria. It has been uniquely isolated from ocular surfaces. The first 18 cases ofC macginleyi conjunctivitis have been detected in Switzerland.8 Within the recent past we found in 10 patients 13 cases of C macginleyiconjunctivitis in Germany, indicating that the presence of this micro-organism is not geographically limited.. Thiel et al report on increasing percentage of patients positive for corynebacteria.10 11 We found in our patients 18.7% Staphylococcus aureus, 12.1% Corynebacterium macginleyi, and 8.4%Haemophilus influenzae. Fahmiet al, however, found coagulase negative staphylococci in 82% and corynebacteria in 58% of their mainly elderly patients.12 In our study group we foundC macginleyi predominantly in middle aged patients without any preference regarding sex. This is in ...
Background: Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans can cause a diphtheria-like illness in humans and have been found in domestic animals, which were suspected to serve as reservoirs for a zoonotic transmission. Additionally, toxigenic C. ulcerans were reported to take over the leading role in causing diphtheria in the last years in many industrialized countries. Methods: To gain deeper insights into the tox gene locus and to understand the transmission pathway in detail, we analyzed nine isolates derived from human patients and their domestic animals applying next generation sequencing and comparative genomics. Results: We provide molecular evidence for zoonotic transmission of C. ulcerans in four cases and demonstrate the superior resolution of next generation sequencing compared to multi-locus sequence typing for epidemiologic research. Additionally, we provide evidence that the virulence of C. ulcerans can change rapidly by acquisition of novel virulence genes. This mechanism is exemplified by an ...
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are important candidates for the development of vaccines because they are usually able to promote both humoral and cellular immune responses in mammals. We identified and characterized the hsp60-hsp10 bicistronic operon of the animal pathogen Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, a Gram-positive bacterium of the class Actinobacteria, which causes caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) in small ruminants. To construct the DNA vaccine, the hsp60 gene of C. pseudotuberculosis was cloned in a mammalian expression vector. BALB/c mice were immunized by intramuscular injection with the recombinant plasmid (pVAX1/hsp60). This vaccination induced significant anti-hsp60 IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a isotype production. However, immunization with this DNA vaccine did not confer protective immunity.
Definition of Corynebacterium haemolyticum. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
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TY - CONF. T1 - Characterization of virulence factors of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis field isolates. AU - Magalhães, T.. AU - Oliveira, M.. AU - Nunes, S. F.. AU - Carneiro, C.. AU - Cavaco, Lina. AU - Vilela, C. L.. N1 - Conference code: 2. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. M3 - Poster. T2 - 2nd FEMS Congress of European Microbiologists. Y2 - 4 July 2006 through 8 July 2006. ER - ...
1. The major free lipids of Corynebacterium aquaticum were characterized as dimannosyl diglyceride, monomannophosphoinositide and phosphatidylethanolamine. Bisphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol were also tentatively identified. 2. We regard this as the only well-documented case of an organism containing monomannophosphoinositide to the exclusion of dimannophosphoinositides and the higher homologues. 3. The co-existence of the two mannolipids in one organism is a distinctive feature. So also is the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine in a corynebacterium. 4. The monomannophosphoinositide apparently does not utilize phosphatidylinositol as a precursor, unlike the monomannophosphoinositide of Propionibacterium shermanii. CDP-diglyceride may be necessary for its synthesis.. ...
We conducted molecular typing of a Corynebacterium ulcerans isolate from a woman who died in Japan in 2016. Genomic DNA modification might have affected the isolates ribotyping profile. Multilocus sequence typing results (sequence type 337) were more accurate. Whole-genome sequencing had greater ability to discriminate lineages at high resolution.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Isolation of Corynebacterium equi from a foal with an ulcerated leg wound and a pectoral abscess. AU - Smith, Bradford. AU - Jang, S.. PY - 1980/12/1. Y1 - 1980/12/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019275536&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019275536&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 7440356. AN - SCOPUS:0019275536. VL - 177. SP - 623. EP - 624. JO - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. SN - 0003-1488. IS - 7. ER - ...
Saltanat, N., Hossain, Alamgir and Alam, Muhammad (2010) An efficient pixel value based mapping scheme to delineate pectoral muscle from mammograms. In: IEEE Fifth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications, 23-26 September 2010, Changsha, China. Sangal, Vartul, Nieminen, Leena, Weinhardt, Barbara, Raeside, Janice, Tucker, Nicholas, Florea, Catalina-Diana, Pollock, Kevin and Hoskisson, Paul (2014) Diphtheria-like disease caused by Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans strain. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20 (7). pp. 1257-1258. ISSN 1080-6059 Sarac, Ferdi and Seker, Huseyin (2016) An instance selection framework for mining data streams to predict antibody-feature function relationships on RV144 HIV vaccine recipients. In: Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC). IEEE, 003356-003361. ISBN 9781509018970 Sarac, Ferdi, Uslan, Volkan, Seker, Huseyin and Bouridane, Ahmed (2016) A supervised feature selection framework ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - 9α-Hydroxylation of 4-androstene-3,17-dione by gel-entrapped Corynebacterium sp. cells. AU - Sonomoto, Kenji. AU - Usui, Naoki. AU - Tanaka, Atsuo. AU - Fukui, Saburo. PY - 1983/7/1. Y1 - 1983/7/1. N2 - Whole cells of Corynebacterium sp. having steroid 9α-hydroxylation system were immobilized by entrapment with photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers, urethane prepolymers or several kinds of polysaccharides. Of various entrapment methods tested, cells entrapped in photo-crosslinked gels showed the highest activity to hydroxylate 4-androstene-3,17-dione at 9α-position. The properties of the photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers, such as the hydrophobicity and the chain length of the prepolymers, affected markedly the activity of the entrapped cells. Addition of dimethyl sulfoxide to a buffer system at 15 vol. % was effective to solubilize the product, 9α-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione, and gave the highest yield. In an aqueous system, the activity of hydrophilic gel-entrapped ...
Corynebacterium renale ATCC ® 19412™ Designation: NCTC 7448 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain Quality control for API Coryne
The results of ROC analysis indicated that the IgG isotype ELISA was more accurate than the total antibody ELISA. The efficiency of the test was greatest when serum samples were run in a dilution series than when any single serum dilution was used. The ELISA is considered to be suitable for application in field studies of CLA in UK sheep.. ...
Glycolysis is the process of converting glucose into pyruvate and generating small amounts of ATP (energy) and NADH (reducing power). It is a central pathway that produces important precursor metabolites: six-carbon compounds of glucose-6P and fructose-6P and three-carbon compounds of glycerone-P, glyceraldehyde-3P, glycerate-3P, phosphoenolpyruvate, and pyruvate [MD:M00001]. Acetyl-CoA, another important precursor metabolite, is produced by oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate [MD:M00307]. When the enzyme genes of this pathway are examined in completely sequenced genomes, the reaction steps of three-carbon compounds from glycerone-P to pyruvate form a conserved core module [MD:M00002], which is found in almost all organisms and which sometimes contains operon structures in bacterial genomes. Gluconeogenesis is a synthesis pathway of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors. It is essentially a reversal of glycolysis with minor variations of alternative paths [MD:M00003 ...
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
INTRODUCTION: Discordant data have been reported on the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the activity of important antibiotic classes. In particular a recent study suggested that the antagonism previously observed with fluoroquinolones macrolides and aminoglycosides was likely due to an experimental confounding factor (ie low pH of NAC solutions in distilled water) and not to NAC itself. AIMS: To investigate the NAC effect at neutral pH on the activity of several antibiotics against a large collection of relevant respiratory pathogens. METHODS: Antibiotic susceptibility of 39 reference strains or clinical isolates from respiratory infections of several bacterial species (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Corynebacterium striatum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Klebsiella spp, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae) were tested in NAC absence and presence ...
p>An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.,/p> ,p>,a href=/manual/evidences>More…,/a>,/p> ...
Some species of Corynebacterium have sequenced genomes that range in size from 2.5 - 3 Mbp. They can be found in many environments including soil, trees and skin. The non-diptheiroid Corynebecterium can also be found in human mucous membranes. They grow slowly, even on enriched media, and undergo Chinese Letter division. Species of Corynebacterium have been used in the mass production of various amino acids including L-Glutamic Acid, a popular food additive that is made at a rate of 1.5 million tons/ year by Corynebacterium. The metabolic pathways of Corynebacterium have been further manipulated to produce L-Lysine and L-Threonine ...
An attempt was made by the authors to survey the distribution of C. renale in apparently healthy Korean male cattle and dairy cattle, and to determine the types of C. renale isolated in Korea. A total of 153 urine samples and 240 vaginal smears were collected from 253 cows for examination, and 124 urine samples of Korean cattle were investigated. Of them, one case showed cystitis symptoms. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The organism was detected from 8(6.5%) of 124 specimens of Korean cattle. The isolates studied in this survey belonged to type I (4.1%), type III (1.6%) and untypable(0.8%) of C. renale. 2. The rate of isolation of C. renale was 7.5% (19 of 253 individuals) in apparently healthy cow. The 26 strains isolated from the 19 dairy cattle belonged to type I (38.5%), type II (26.9%), type III (24.6%) and untypable(11.5%) in the serological classification. From the cow with clinical cystitis, type III strain was isolated. 3. It appears that the isolation rate depends on
The antibiotic activity of three kinds of chitosans with different molecular weight(50, 100, 200 kD) and same deacelylated degree(85%), was evaluated against some bacteria(Staphyloccus aurueus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Corynebacterium minutissimum, Escherichia coli, Candida albillus).The growth of all the bacteria tested were inhibited by chitosans treatments, and the inhibiting rate decreased with the rising of chitosans molecular weight. The minimum inhibitory concentration of all the chitosans is above 0.5 g/L. The effects of temperature, metal ions on the antibiotic activity of chitosans were also assessed.
«Corynebacterium» Corynebacterium is a genus of Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria. They are widely distributed in nature and are mostly innocuous. Some are useful ...
Cutaneous microbiota is extremely diverse. Its composition varies according to the cutaneous zone and between individuals, and its imbalance is associated with skin diseases.. Cutaneous microbiota is particularly complex, with extremely significant inter- and intra-individual variations1. It is composed of a set of microorganisms, bacteria, yeasts, viruses, and parasites. At least 19 major families of bacteria have been identified: the primary ones are Actinobacteria (Corynebacterium, etc.), Firmicutes (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, etc.) and Proteobacteria (Acinetobacter, etc.)1,2. Among the bacterial strains present on healthy skin, the primary ones found are Corynebacterium jeikeium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis3. Microbiota composition varies based on the location, ranging from 100 microorganisms per cm2 on the back or the tips of the fingers to 106 on the forehead or in the armpits2.. This microbiota develops from birth, as a result of the ...
Thermo Scientific™ Culti-Loops™ are ready-to-use QC organisms recommended for use in performance testing of media, stains, reagents and identification kits, and for the evaluation of bacteriological procedures.
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a facultative intracellular pathogen with pleomorphic forms. While two forms of the bacteria exist, in our study, we are most concerned with the equi biovar, the strain that affects horses and cattle. The major secreted exotoxin is phospholipase D (PLD), which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in phospholipids. Management of the disease is highly challenging, as antibiotics are often ineffective since bacteria stay protected inside abscesses within thick enclosing capsules. This leads to the overarching goal of the study: the development of a vaccine against C. pseudotuberculosis . Since the disease can manifest either internally or externally, further understanding of the roles of the antibody and cell-mediated responses in determining the form of disease is crucial. Important stepping-stones for success include the establishment of the roles TH1 and TH2 lymphocytes in response to the bacteria and the comparison of antibody responses in different ...
General Information: They may be found as members of the normal microflora of humans, where these bacteria find a suitable niche in virtually every anatomic site. Corynebacterium ulcerans is commonly associated with dairy animals and unpasturized dairy products. This organism has been implicated in bovine mastitis and can cause skin infections and a diptheria-like disease in humans. ...
Genomic diversity among Corynebacterium jeikeium strains and comparison with biochemical characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibilities ...
Data on 6,500 pesticides, insecticides and herbicides including toxicity, water pollution, ecological toxicity, uses and regulatory status.
This post explores the Corynebacterium, a large group of mostly harmless bacteria that holds some surprises. Included is a demonstrated means of removal.
However I took about 18 of these samples and streaked them onto blood agar. After 24hrs the growth rates were very mixed. 3 had excellent growth and were all IDed as corynebacterium spp. The other 15 had very little growth and only one of these had enough growth for a full ID. This one came off as Clostridium ...
Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 533; J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 3925-3931; Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 874-879. ...
Corbeil, LE; Morrissey, JF; Léguillette, R (October 2016). "Is Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection (pigeon fever) in ... "Frequency of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses across the United States during a 10-year period". Journal ... "Bayesian geostatistical analysis and ecoclimatic determinants of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection among horses". ... As long a horse is eating and drinking, the infection must run its course, much like a common cold virus. Over time a horse ...
... is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Signs and symptoms may vary from mild to severe ... Previous infection may not protect against future infection. A diphtheria vaccine is effective for prevention and available in ... malignant throat infection, gangrenous throat infection, etc.] Paris, France: Crevot. A condensed version of this work is ... Indirect infections can occur, as well. If an infected individual touches a surface or object, the bacteria can be left behind ...
The infection is caused by Corynebacterium species bacteria and Kytococcus sedentarius. Excessive sweating of the feet and use ... is a bacterial skin infection of the foot. The infection is characterized by craterlike pits on the sole of the feet and toes, ... The infection is more common in people who live in tropical climates and walk barefoot, and those who spend a lot of time ... However, a potassium chloride preparation can help rule out the presence of a fungal infection. Imaging and biopsy are not ...
The infection is caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum, an aerobic Gram-positive bacterium and mainly affects very young chicks ... However, it seems likely that a triggering agent (e.g. a virus) might be involved in which renders the corynebacterium a ... Summarized from Minutes of "Yellow-eyed Penguin Corynebacterium Workshop" held in Dunedin, Tuesday 5 April 2005. ... in serious cases tongue exposed Isolation of Corynebacterium amycolatum from a clinical specimen, or Histopathologic diagnosis ...
"Urinary tract infection with Corynebacterium aurimucosum after urethroplasty stricture of the urethra: a case report". Journal ... These well inhibited bacteria cause Staph infections, urinary tract infections, and cavities. This suggests that lactocillin ... Lactocillin could function as a new antibiotic that could help people fight off infections that are resistant to many other ... Lactocillin was found to be most effective at preventing growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium aurimucosum, and ...
The disease has been linked to an infection of Corynebacterium, a genus of bacteria that also causes diphtheria in humans. It ... However, it seems as if this is just a secondary infection. The primary pathogen remains unknown. A similar problem has ...
The term "intertrigo" commonly refers to a secondary infection with bacteria (such as Corynebacterium minutissimum), fungi ( ... Fungal infections associated with intertrigo may be treated with prescription antifungals applied directly to the skin (in most ... These areas are more susceptible to irritation and subsequent infection due to factors that promote skin breakdown such as ... Intertrigo is treated by addressing associated infections, by removing moisture from the site, and by using substances at the ...
Bacterial infections Corynebacterium minutissimum is coral red Pseudomonas is yellow-green Cutibacterium acnes, a bacterium ... It is also helpful in diagnosing: Fungal infections. Some forms of tinea, such as Trichophyton tonsurans, do not fluoresce. ... It can also be used to diagnose other fungal infections such as ringworm, Microsporum canis, tinea versicolor; bacterial ... Wood's lamp is useful in diagnosing conditions such as tuberous sclerosis and erythrasma (caused by Corynebacterium ...
Graevenitz, A.; Funke, G. (2013). "Turicella otitidis and Corynebacterium auris: 20 years on" (PDF). Infection. 42 (1): 1-4. ... differentiation from Corynebacterium afermentans and Corynebacterium auris". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 34 (10): 2625- ...
Bacterial infections[13] *Corynebacterium minutissimum is coral red. *Pseudomonas is yellow-green ... Fungal and bacterial infections[edit]. It is also helpful in diagnosing: *Fungal infections. Some forms of tinea, such as ... It can also be used to diagnose other fungal infections such as ringworm, Microsporum canis, tinea versicolor; bacterial ... Wood's lamp is useful in diagnosing conditions such as tuberous sclerosis[16] and erythrasma (caused by Corynebacterium ...
"Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. 2: 161. doi:10.3389/fcimb.2012.00161. PMC 3522046 . PMID 23248780.. ... Examples are the conversion of harmless strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae or Vibrio cholerae by bacteriophages to highly ... For instance, infection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the temperate phage PaP3 changed the expression of 38% (2160/5633) of its ... "Novel Phage Therapy Saves Patient with Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Infection". UC Health - UC San Diego. Retrieved 2018-05-13 ...
Illnesses that can affect dromedary productivity are pyogenic diseases and wound infections caused by Corynebacterium and ...
Diphtheria Diphtheria is a potentially life-threatening upper respiratory infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, ... Most cases are caused by a viral infection. Strep throat, a bacterial infection, is the cause in about 25% of children and 10% ... Antibiotics are useful if a bacterial infection is the cause of the sore throat. For viral infections, antibiotics have no ... submandibular space infection (Ludwig's angina), and epiglottitis. Some cases of pharyngitis are caused by fungal infection, ...
Infections of this type have been described as a local infection or they can progress into a larger disseminated infection ... Other documented infections include osteomyelitis, an infection of the bone that can occur through blood born infection or ... "Respiratory infection by Corynebacterium striatum: epidemiological and clinical determinants". New Microbes and New Infections ... More recently Corynebacterium striatum was found to in fact be the cause of infection and disease, given the opportunity. Early ...
"Classification of Coryneform Bacteria Associated with Human Urinary Tract Infection (Group D2) as Corynebacterium urealyticum ... Corynebacterium urealyticum is a bacterial species of the genus Corynebacterium. It is not commonly found in healthy people. It ... There are other urease-producing corynebacteria that are associated with urinary tract infections, but C. urealyticum is the ... ISBN 978-0-323-08692-9. Type strain of Corynebacterium urealyticum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e. ...
ISBN 0-07-247382-7. "Diphtheria Infection , Home , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2017-04-10. Retrieved 2017-11-27. "Diphtheria , ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the bacterium that causes the disease diphtheria. Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a rod-shaped, ... The exotoxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae is absorbed in the blood which in turn kills heart, kidney, and nerve cells by ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria. It is also known as the Klebs-Löffler bacillus ...
"Infection of the Skin Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans and Mimicking Classical Cutaneous Diphtheria". Clinical Infectious ... Corynebacterium ulcerans is a rod-shaped, aerobic, and gram-positive bacteria. Most Corynebacterium are harmless but some cause ... C. ulcerans can also cause zoonotic infections. In 2003, A 47-year-old woman in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France was admitted to the ... C. ulcerans has been known to cause diphtheria and diphtheria-like infections in patients. Previously thought to simply be ...
Dias, Meena; Rao, Suresh D.; Shet, Dinesh (2010). "Corynebacterium macginleyi'a rare bacteria causing infection in an ... "Corynebacterium macginleyi" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Corynebacterium macginleyi at BacDive - the ... "Surgical Site Infection by Corynebacterium macginleyi in a Patient with Neurofibromatosis Type 1". Case Reports in Infectious ... Corynebacterium macginleyi is a species of bacteria with type strain JCL-2 (CIP 104099). It is considered pathogenic. Riegel, P ...
"Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Infection of Horses and Cattle - Circulatory System". Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved ... Spier, S. J.; Azevedo, V. (2017-08-09). "Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: Increasing frequency and ... Though vaccination will not prevent infection in a flock, it will minimize the severity of infection and can therefore have ... when it was re-categorized into the Corynebacterium genus.[citation needed] It was finally renamed Corynebacterium ...
For instance, infection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the temperate phage PaP3 changed the expression of 38% (2160/5633) of its ... Examples are the conversion of harmless strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae or Vibrio cholerae by bacteriophages, to highly ... Mice treated with the phage cocktail showed a 2.3-fold higher survival rate than those untreated in seven days post infection. ... Therapeutic efficacy of a phage cocktail was evaluated in a mice model with nasal infection of multidrug-resistant (MDR) A. ...
Examples: Corynebacterium diphtheriae produces the toxin of diphtheria only when it is infected by the phage β. In this case, ... Strategies to combat certain bacterial infections by blocking prophage induction (the transition from the lytic cycle to the ... Mokrousov I (January 2009). "Corynebacterium diphtheriae: genome diversity, population structure and genotyping perspectives". ... Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 9 (1): 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2008.09.011. PMID 19007916.. ...
Cutaneous diphtheria is an infection of the skin by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is also known as "desert sore". Diphtheria ...
... in that in humans it is usually caused by lung tumors or infections such as Mycobacterium fortuitum or Corynebacterium. The ... Foster W, Armstrong J (2006). "Hypertrophic osteopathy associated with pulmonary Eikenella corrodens infection in a dog". J Am ... "Hypertrophic osteopathy associated with pulmonary Eikenella corrodens infection in a dog". Journal of the American Veterinary ...
However, it is usually a mild infection resulting in an elevated somatic cell count. The bacterium is sensitive to the majority ... Corynebacterium bovis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes mastitis and pyelonephritis in cattle. C. bovis is a facultatively ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Type strain of Corynebacterium bovis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase ... In mastitic infections, C. bovis is spread from cow to cow most commonly through improper milking technique. ...
C. jeikeium is pathogenic, typically causing an opportunistic infection seen most frequently in bone marrow transplant patients ... Parte, A.C. "Corynebacterium". LPSN. Rosato AE, Lee BS, Nash KA (July 2001). "Inducible macrolide resistance in Corynebacterium ... Corynebacterium jeikeium is a rod-shaped, catalase-positive, aerobic species of actinobacteria in the genus Corynebacterium. ... Type strain of Corynebacterium jeikeium at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ...
... most of which occur as nosocomial infections. As an opportunistic pathogen, the bacterium is pathogenic in immunocompromised ... Corynebacterium endocarditis usually infects the left side of the heart in males, though C. amycolatum has shown a predilection ... Corynebacterium amycolatum is a Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacillus capable of ... Berner, R; K Pelz; C Wilhelm; A Funke; J U Leititis; M Brandis (April 1997). "Fatal sepsis caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum ...
Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Bordetella pertussis, and Bacillus anthracis[citation needed]. Sexually transmitted infections ... An upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is an illness caused by an acute infection, which involves the upper respiratory ... Pokorski, Mieczyslaw (2015). Pulmonary infection. Cham: Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-17458-7. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection ... Most infections are viral in nature, and in other instances, the cause is bacterial. URTIs can also be fungal or helminthic in ...
Corynebacterium, Dermobacterium, and Pitosporum spp., while transient organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella ... In the US, the most frequent type of infection hospital is urinary tract infection (36%), followed by surgical site infection ( ... In 2006, the most common infection sites were urinary tract infections (30,3%), pneumopathy (14,7%), infections of surgery site ... 14,2%). Infections of the skin and mucous membrane (10,2%), other respiratory infections (6,8%) and bacterial infections / ...
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. 18 (4): 552-554. doi:10.1007/s10156-011-0335-x. PMID 22080192. S2CID 44306319. Vela, Ana ... "Urosepsis caused by Globicatella sanguinis and Corynebacterium riegelii in an adult: case report and literature review". ... "Meningoencephalitis Associated with Globicatella sanguinis Infection in Lambs". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 38 (11): 4254 ...
... is most commonly caused by a viral infection and about 5% to 40% of cases are caused by a bacterial infection. When ... Rarely bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, or Haemophilus influenzae may be the cause. ... Bacterial infection of the tonsils usually follows the initial viral infection. When tonsillitis recurs after antibiotic ... the acute infection can provide retrospective evidence of GABHS infection and is considered definitive proof of GABHS infection ...
One study concluded that MAP "may act as a causative agent, have a role in the context of secondary infection, which may ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae *Diphtheria. *Corynebacterium minutissimum *Erythrasma. *Corynebacterium jeikeium *Group JK ... Gram-positive bacterial infection: Actinobacteria (primarily A00-A79, 001-041, 080-109) ... however the capacity of these antibiotics to eradicate MAP infection in vivo has not been established. ...
Cutaneous Streptococcus iniae infection. *Erysipelas / Chronic recurrent erysipelas. *Scarlet fever. *Corynebacterium * ... The mainstay of treatment for SSSS is supportive care along with eradication of the primary infection. Conservative measures ...
After filtrating the microbial culture of the Corynebacterium diphtheriae and injecting it into the lab animals, they were able ... Yersin looked for the germ responsible for the infection specifically in these plague-spots, tumors caused by the inflammation ... Emile Roux and Alexandre Yersin discovered the mechanism of action of Corynebacterium diphtheriae and how to treat diphtheria ... The discovery and use of sulfonamides in treating infections was another breakthrough. Some researchers won fame by discovering ...
Blood agar plates are often used to diagnose infection. On the right is a positive Streptococcus culture; on the left is a ...
Cutaneous Streptococcus iniae infection. *Erysipelas / Chronic recurrent erysipelas. *Scarlet fever. *Corynebacterium * ... Bacterial infection is the most common cause.[8] Often many different types of bacteria are involved in a single infection.[6] ... They are usually caused by a bacterial infection.[8] Often many different types of bacteria are involved in a single infection. ... Marx, John A. Marx (2014). "Skin and Soft Tissue Infections". Rosen's emergency medicine : concepts and clinical practice (8th ...
... inflammation and bacterial infection in the respiratory tract. Lactoferrin with hypothiocyanite has been granted orphan drug ... Corynebacterium xerosis • Enterobacter cloacae • Escherichia coli • Haemophilus influenzae • Helicobacter Pylori • Klebsiella ... "Effects of orally administered bovine lactoferrin and lactoperoxidase on influenza virus infection in mice". J. Med. Microbiol ... weakened respiratory immune system against bacterial infection. Symptoms of cystic fibrosis include an inability to secrete ...
The most common infectious causes are viral followed by bacterial.[2] The viral infection may occur along with other symptoms ... and Corynebacterium diphtheriae. C. diphtheriae causes membrane formation in conjunctiva of unimmunized children.[7] ... Viral conjunctivitis is often associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract, a common cold, or a sore throat. Its ... The infection usually begins in one eye, but may spread easily to the other eye. ...
Cutaneous Streptococcus iniae infection. *Erysipelas / Chronic recurrent erysipelas. *Scarlet fever. *Corynebacterium * ... of people with gonorrheal infection also have chlamydial infection.[54] Infections of the throat can be especially problematic ... Both men and women with infections of the throat may experience a sore throat, though such infection does not produce symptoms ... The infection is usually spread from one person to another through vaginal, oral, or anal sex.[15][22] Men have a 20% risk of ...
Cutaneous Streptococcus iniae infection. *Erysipelas / Chronic recurrent erysipelas. *Scarlet fever. *Corynebacterium * ... The presence of a carbuncle is a sign that the immune system is active and fighting the infection.[2] The infection is ... persons with diabetes and immune system diseases are more likely to develop infections (especially bacterial infections of the ... A carbuncle is a cluster of boils caused by bacterial infection, most commonly with Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus ...
Common bacterial genera include Micrococcus, Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, and Bacillus, and fungal genera include ... In Hospitals, Theatres are similar to cleanroom for surgical patients' operation with incisions to prevent any infections for ...
Infection occurs if the bacterium is ingested.[citation needed]. M. bovis is usually transmitted to humans by consuming raw, ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae *Diphtheria. *Corynebacterium minutissimum *Erythrasma. *Corynebacterium jeikeium *Group JK ... M. bovis infections in cattle herds in the United States is not common. M. bovis is endemic in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus ... In the 1930s, 40% of cattle in the UK were infected with M. bovis and there were 50,000 new cases of human M. bovis infection ...
The role of antibodies to Bacillus anthracis and anthrax toxin components in inhibiting the early stages of infection by ... Actinomyces (Gram +) Bacillus (Gram +) Clostridium (Gram +) Corynebacterium (Gram +) Enterococcus (Gram +) Gardnerella (Gram ...
In contrast to the majority of other birds, they are colonized by bacteria of unknown function (Corynebacterium uropygiale).[7] ... Hill, Geoffrey E.; Doucet, Stéphanie M.; Buchholz, Richard (2005). "The effect of coccidial infection on iridescent plumage ... Braun, Markus Santhosh; Zimmermann, Stefan; Danner, Maria; Rashid, Harun-or; Wink, Michael (2016). "Corynebacterium uropygiale ...
Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Diphtheria. DPT vaccine. Boostrix, Adacel, Decavac, Tenivac, Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia, Kinrix ... Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. 2. doi:10.3389/fcimb.2012.00016.. ...
The non-spore formers are Corynebacterium and Listeria (a coccobacillus), whereas Bacillus and Clostridium produce spores.[16] ... Michod, R. E.; Bernstein, H.; Nedelcu, A. M. (2008). "Adaptive value of sex in microbial pathogens". Infection, Genetics and ... Gram-positive bacteria are capable of causing serious and sometimes fatal infections in newborn infants.[18] ... The Actinobacteria include the Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia and Streptomyces genera. The (low G + C) Firmicutes, ...
... increased risk of infection, and psychosis.[3][2] It is generally considered safe in pregnancy and low doses appear to be safe ... They discovered that cortisone could be microbiologically oxidized to prednisone by the bacterium Corynebacterium simplex. The ...
During fermentation, Corynebacterium species, cultured with ammonia and carbohydrates from sugar beets, sugarcane, tapioca or ... Parasitic infections through food. *Amoebiasis. *Anisakiasis. *Cryptosporidiosis. *Cyclosporiasis. *Diphyllobothriasis. * ...
Scrofula is the term used for lymphadenopathy of the neck, usually as a result of an infection in the lymph nodes, known as ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae *Diphtheria. *Corynebacterium minutissimum *Erythrasma. *Corynebacterium jeikeium *Group JK ... Surgical excision of the scrofula does not work well for M. tuberculosis infections, and has a high rate of recurrence and ... After she recovered and went home, there were no repeat signs that the infection was back for over a year.[16] ...
Corynebacterium ulcerans e Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis que son tanben la causa d'unas formas de difteria[17] d'origina ... La diphtérie et les infections à C. Diphteriae. », Le Concours Médical,‎ 8 juin 1996. , p.1595-1598. ... La difteria es causada per de socas toxigènas du bacil Corynebacterium diphtheriae de biotipes gravis, mitis o intermedius. La ... Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans in a fatal human case and her feline contacts, France, March 2014. », Eurosurveillance,‎ 11 ...
Gram-positive bacterial infection: Actinobacteria (primarily A00-A79, 001-041, 080-109) ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae *Diphtheria. *Corynebacterium minutissimum *Erythrasma. *Corynebacterium jeikeium *Group JK ...
Staphylococcus and Corynebacterium were among the most common types of bacteria found in the navels of this project's ... Though usually not pathogenic, it can cause skin infections and even life-threatening illnesses in those that are ... Corynebacterium and Propionibacteria grow but not transient bacteria such as Gram negative bacteria like Escherichia and ... mainly Corynebacterium and Propionibacterium) are associated with psoriasis.[44] While another study using biopsies associate ...
infection à Corynebacterium (fr) Tamuzzegt. tasensigemt. Tamentilt. Corynebacterium diphtheriae (fr) Isekna. mal de gorge (fr) ...
"Diphtheria Infection , Home , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2017-04-10. Retrieved 2017-11-27.. ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the bacterium that causes the disease diphtheria. Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a rod-shaped, ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae genome. *Type strain of Corynebacterium diphtheriae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae[a] is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria.[2] It is also known as the Klebs-Löffler ...
Cutaneous Streptococcus iniae infection. *Erysipelas / Chronic recurrent erysipelas. *Scarlet fever. *Corynebacterium * ... Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.[3] The signs and ... Sexually Transmitted Infections. 91 (5): sextrans-2014-051930. doi:10.1136/sextrans-2014-051930. ISSN 1368-4973. PMID 25759476 ... Early infections. The first-line treatment for uncomplicated syphilis (primary or secondary stages) remains a single dose of ...
Desmodesmus infection Green algae Desmodesmus armatus Dientamoebiasis Dientamoeba fragilis Diphtheria Corynebacterium ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
Trematode infection). Blood fluke. *Schistosoma mansoni / S. japonicum / S. mekongi / S. haematobium / S. intercalatum * ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae *Diphtheria. *Corynebacterium minutissimum *Erythrasma. *Corynebacterium jeikeium *Group JK ... Tapeworm - Tapeworm infection Cestoda, Taenia multiceps intestine stool rare worldwide Diphyllobothriasis - tapeworm ... Dioctophyme renalis infection Dioctophyme renale kidneys (typically the right) urine rare ingestion of undercooked or raw ...
These are: Cell Biology and Infection, Developmental Biology, Genomes and Genetics, Immunology, Infection and Epidemiology, ... After filtrating the microbial culture of the Corynebacterium diphtheriae and injecting it into the lab animals, they were able ... Yersin looked for the germ responsible for the infection specifically in these plague-spots, tumors caused by the inflammation ... Emile Roux and Alexandre Yersin discovered the mechanism of action of Corynebacterium diphtheriae and how to treat diphtheria ...
The genus contains the species Corynebacterium diphtheriae and the nondiphtherial corynebacteria, collectively referred to as ... encoded search term (Corynebacterium Infections) and Corynebacterium Infections What to Read Next on Medscape ... Screening for Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans in patients with upper respiratory tract infections 2007 ... Corynebacterium Infections Clinical Presentation. Updated: Jun 14, 2019 * Author: Lynda A Frassetto, MD; Chief Editor: ...
Information about Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection (pigeon fever); signs, diagnosis, treatment options, and ... In horses Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis causes infection of lower limbs, internal organs (lungs, liver, and kidneys), ... 6,7In the southwestern USA, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection is seasonal which peaks in the summer and fall. 1 ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a soil-borne anaerobic bacterium. has a thick lipid coat that lies outside its cell wall ...
What is Corynebacterium infections? Meaning of Corynebacterium infections medical term. What does Corynebacterium infections ... Looking for online definition of Corynebacterium infections in the Medical Dictionary? Corynebacterium infections explanation ... redirected from Corynebacterium infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. Corynebacterium. [ko-ri″ne-bak ... Corynebacterium infections , definition of Corynebacterium infections by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
A case of urinary tract infection caused by Corynebacterium urealyticum and coryneform group F1. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect ... Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium Urinary Tract Infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(2):355-356. doi:10.3201/ ... Vedel G, Toussaint G, Riegel P, Fouilladieu J, Billöet A, Poyart C. Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium Urinary Tract Infection. ... In vitro and in vivo study of stone formation by Corynebacterium group D2 (Corynebacterium urealyticum). J Clin Microbiol. 1986 ...
Corynebacterium bovis shoulder prosthetic joint infection: the first reported case. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009;64:213-5. ... Corynebacterium bovis Eye Infections, Washington, USA, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2015;21(9):1687-1689. doi:10.3201/ ... Chow, S., Bui, U., & Clarridge, J. E. (2015). Corynebacterium bovis Eye Infections, Washington, USA, 2013. Emerging Infectious ... Characteristics and test results for 4 isolates of Corynebacterium bovis from patients with eye infections, Washington, USA, ...
Lung Abscess Due to Corynebacterium equi: Report of First Human Infection BURTON GOLUB, M.D.; GEORGE FALK, M.D.; WESLEY W. ... Lung Abscess Due to Corynebacterium equi: Report of First Human Infection. Ann Intern Med. ;66:1174-1177. doi: 10.7326/0003- ... Although Corynebacterium equi is a well-known pathogen for domestic animals, this species has not been documented as a cause of ... human infection. In the following case report C. equi was isolated in pure culture from a lung abscess and subcutaneous abscess ...
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Corynebacterium striatum has been cited with increased frequency as pathogen of nosocomial infections ... Respiratory infection by Corynebacterium striatum: epidemiological and clinical determinants. New Microbes New Infect. 2014; 2( ... Genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant Corynebacterium striatum isolated from bloodstream infection from a nosocomial ... Key words: multidrug-resistant; Corynebacterium striatum; bloodstream infection; CRISPR-Cas; spaDEF cluster ...
Serological and allergic study of the course of experimental Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in goats ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in goats. IV. Course of the infection in two recently infected goat herds. Acta ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in goats. VIII. The effect of vaccination against experimental infection. Acta ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in goats. IX. The effect of vaccination against natural infection. Acta ...
the manual was rewritten in response to the re-emergence of diphtheria in eastern Europe and the emergence of other infections ... 05/05/2015 - New ECDC protocols for surveillance of healthcare-associated infections: targeted surveillance is an essential ... The guidelines summarise recommendations and procedures for the microbiological diagnosis of infections caused by toxigenic and ... caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae and C. ulcerans in the UK and overseas. ...
You are at:Home»Intravenous Literature»Corynebacterium striatum Bacteremia associated central line infection ... Corynebacterium striatum Bacteremia Associated with a Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infection. Case Reports in Infectious ... ReTweet if useful… Corynebacterium striatum Bacteremia associated central line infection https://ctt.ec/72e3K+ @ivteam #ivteam ... Previous ArticleDisability Adjusted Life Year of central-line associated bloodstream infection ...
Other new PFGE profiles emerged as etiologic agents of invasive infections. However, the MDR PFGE profile I was also found ... In this study, we characterized 23 MDR C. striatum isolated of bloodstream and catheter-related infections from a hospital of ... Corynebacterium striatum is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen associated with immunocompromised and chronically ... predominant among patients with hematogenic infections. The high level of multidrug resistance associated with biofilm ...
there was still an infection. This time he did a culture and I have Corynebacterium Species. ...I have had a sinus infection ... Hi, I had a skin infection around 10 years back near my inner thighs and genital area. First I used .... But my infection did ... I have been battling with a skin infection for the past two weeks but have not seen any progress ... start taking to end this ... Hi Doctor, I was having some kind of skin infection on my nose and nose folds which happened because of my frequent white heads ...
... as well as the MAPK p38 and ERK 1 and 2 pathways in relation to IL-10 production under infection by C. pseudotuberculosis are ... pseudotuberculosis over a 60-day course of infection. CBA mice (n = 25) were divided into three groups and infected with 102 ... in IL-4 production showing involvement only via the ERK 2 pathway under stimulation by SeT1 antigen during 60-day infection ... is a contagious infectious disease of small ruminants caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Is characterized by the ...
There was a significant response by Hp to C. pseudotuberculosis infection and PLD challenge. This was supported by the early ... is a chronic disease caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. However, there is paucity of data about goats acute phase ... The application of a new technique for diagnosing Corynebacterium ovis infection. Res Vet Sci. 1968;9:489.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Influence of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection on level of acute phase proteins in goats. ...
Corynebacterium Infections/epidemiology Corynebacterium Infections/history Corynebacterium Infections/microbiology Disease ... Streptococcus suis sequence type 7 emerged and caused 2 of the largest human infection outbreaks in China in 1998 and 2005. To ... Detection of Multiple Parallel Transmission Outbreak of Streptococcussuis Human Infection by Use of Genome Epidemiology, China ... diphtheriae infection is a potential public health threat in industrialized countries. ...
Corynebacterium Infections Diagnosis, Differential Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological Female Humans Keratoconjunctivitis ... Combined biomarkers discriminate a low likelihood of bacterial infection among surgical intensive care unit patients with ... Biomarkers have proven useful to identify the presence of bacterial infection. We... ...
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several ... Ranked list of diseases related to "Corynebacterium Infections"Drugs, active principles and "Corynebacterium Infections" ... Corynebacterium Infections. Infections with bacteria of the genus corynebacterium.. Diagnosis and therapies. ...
... in cattle due to infection with Corynebacterium renale, Corynebacterium cystidis, Corynebacterium pilosum, and Corynebacterium ... Corynebacterium Infections. Back*Corynebacterium Infections*Author: Lynda A Frassetto, MD. *Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran ... What are Corynebacterium infections?What is the pathophysiology of diphtherial Corynebacterium infections?What is the mode of ... infections?What are the pathogenic groups of Corynebacterium infections?What is the prevalence of diphtherial Corynebacterium ...
The bacteria were distinguished from Corynebacterium species with validly published names by biochemical tests, fatty acid ... Corynebacterium / isolation & purification * Corynebacterium / physiology * Corynebacterium Infections / microbiology* * DNA, ... Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum and represented a distinct subline within the genus Corynebacterium. On the basis of both ... The bacteria were distinguished from Corynebacterium species with validly published names by biochemical tests, fatty acid ...
The chromosomal gene encoding the phospholipase D from Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (biovar ovis) isolate Whetten 1 was ... The wild-type strain caused abscessation at the site of infection, which then spread to the regional lymph node, while W1.31r1 ... Targeted mutagenesis of the phospholipase D gene results in decreased virulence of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Mol ... The chromosomal gene encoding the phospholipase D from Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (biovar ovis) isolate Whetten 1 was ...
... Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, Konto Mohammed, Lawan ...
... an illness that results from infection with the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Routine childhood immunization has made ... Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae) infection. /Infectious Diseases / Bacterial Infections / Diphtheria (Corynebacterium ... Carriers have the infection present in their bodies but do not become ill, though they can pass the infection to others. ... More articles related to Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae) infection *Vaccine safety and types of Vaccines ...
The first fatal case of Corynebacterium ulcerans infection in Japan. JMM Case Rep 2017;4:e005106. CrossRefexternal icon PubMed ... Corynebacterium ulcerans, one of three species of Corynebacterium (in addition to C. diphtheriae and C. psuedotuberculosis) ... Notes from the Field: Conjunctivitis Caused by Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans - Missouri, 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ... Corynebacterium ulcerans in an immunocompromised patient with diphtheria and her dog. J Clin Microbiol 2005;43:999-1001. ...
Transmission of infection is common during the spring and winter months [1]. The spread of infection is by means of droplet ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis. ... infection through the upper respiratory tract during the first 2 to 5 days of infection [2]. Diphtheria is currently rare in ... effective eradication was accomplished by the radical immunization of the pediatric age group against this type of infection.… ...
Robert, K., Anna, S.-G., & Grażyna, M. (2018). Corynebacterium Species Causing Urinary Tract Infections. Microbiology Research ... Results: The predominant Corynebacterium species isolated from female urine were C. coyleae, C. aurimucosum, and C. amycolatum. ... Conclusion: The observed increase in the number of Corynebacterium species isolated from urine samples over the years indicates ... Aims: To determine the prevalence and to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility of individual Corynebacterium species isolated ...
analyzing nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infections in northern Germany during 2016-2017 (1). Among the cases, 2 ... Letter Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infections, Europe ___ To the Editor: We read with interest the article by ... Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium #diphtheriae #Infections, #Europe (Emerg Infect Dis., abstract). [Source: US Centers for Disease ... analyzing nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infections in northern Germany during 2016-2017 (1). Among the cases, 2 ...
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: 538 cases (1982-1993). Monica R Aleman, Sharon Spier, William D Wilson ... Aleman MR, Spier S, Wilson WD, Doherr M. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: 538 cases (1982-1993). Journal ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses : 538 cases (1982-1993). / Aleman, Monica R; Spier, Sharon; Wilson, ... Aleman, M. R., Spier, S., Wilson, W. D., & Doherr, M. (1996). Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: 538 cases ...
What is Corynebacterium ulcerans? Meaning of Corynebacterium ulcerans medical term. What does Corynebacterium ulcerans mean? ... Looking for online definition of Corynebacterium ulcerans in the Medical Dictionary? Corynebacterium ulcerans explanation free ... The most common infection with these organisms is bacteremia in association with infections involving devices such as heart ... Related to Corynebacterium ulcerans: Corynebacterium striatum, Corynebacterium jeikeium, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. ...
... and it became more virulent in a second infection challenge. Proteomic screening performed from culture supernatant of the ... and it became more virulent in a second infection challenge. Proteomic screening performed from culture supernatant of the ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi is the etiologic agent of ulcerative lymphangitis. To investigate proteins that ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi is the etiologic agent of ulcerative lymphangitis. To investigate proteins that ...
Updates on Corynebacterium urealyticum infection. Puntualizaciones sobre la infección por Corynebacterium urealyticum. F.M. ...
  • Any of various gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Corynebacterium, which includes many animal and plant pathogens, such as the causative agent of diphtheria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Any species of the genus Corynebacterium . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Unrooted tree showing phylogenetic relationships of Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium CCH052683 and other members of the genus Corynebacterium . (cdc.gov)
  • Corynebacterium genus consists of Gram-positive aerobic or anaerobic facultatively pleomorphic rods with a high G + C content DNA. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated unambiguously that the nine strains were related phylogenetically to the species 'Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum' and represented a distinct subline within the genus Corynebacterium. (nih.gov)
  • The genus contains the species Corynebacterium diphtheriae and the nondiphtherial corynebacteria, collectively referred to as diphtheroids. (medscape.com)
  • Like other bacteria in the Corynebacterium genus, C. xerosis is recognized by its rod-like shape. (wisegeek.com)
  • There are a number of different bacteria in the Corynebacterium genus, the most well known of which may be C. diptheriae , which causes diptheria. (wisegeek.com)
  • Gram-positive, aerobically growing rods belonging to the genus Corynebacterium colonize the skin and mucosal surfaces of humans. (asm.org)
  • Presentation of 2 cases with culture of lesions positive for bacteria of the genus Corynebacterium]. (medscape.com)
  • The type species is Corynebacterium diphtheriae . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The strain was correctly identified to the species level as Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium by using polymerase chain reaction and sequencing 16 rRNA as previously described ( 1 , 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Although Corynebacterium equi is a well-known pathogen for domestic animals, this species has not been documented as a cause of human infection. (annals.org)
  • This time he did a culture and I have Corynebacterium Species. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • The bacteria were distinguished from Corynebacterium species with validly published names by biochemical tests, fatty acid content and whole-cell protein analysis. (nih.gov)
  • Corynebacterium ulcerans , one of three species of Corynebacterium (in addition to C. diphtheriae and C. psuedotuberculosis ) that can harbor the diphtheria toxin-producing gene was initially identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry performed on an isolate obtained from culture of the pseudomembrane at a Missouri hospital on December 13. (cdc.gov)
  • To determine the prevalence and to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility of individual Corynebacterium species isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. (journalmrji.com)
  • The observed increase in the number of Corynebacterium species isolated from urine samples over the years indicates the important role of these bacteria in the urinary tract infection epidemiology, especially in women. (journalmrji.com)
  • then showed that " C. tuberculostearicum " strain LDC8, as well as three strains of " C. pseudogenitalium ," another not validly named lipophilic Corynebacterium species, and the reference strain of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) coryneform group G-2 (CDC G5840) clustered within one group (genomospecies I) based on DNA-DNA-hybridization analysis ( 15 ). (asm.org)
  • Corynebacterium glutamicum'' For more information on the numerous ''Corynebacterium'' species, visit [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Tree&id=1716&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock NCBI]. (kenyon.edu)
  • However, little is known about the pathophysiological pathway implicated in Corynebacterium BJI, species distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility, and the management of these difficult-to-treat clinical entities. (shine.com)
  • Corynebacterium species are widely distributed in the environment and in the microbiota of humans and animals. (amegroups.com)
  • Medically relevant Corynebacterium species include Corynebacterium diphtheria , the primary cause of diphtheria, and the non-diphtherial corynebacteria, collectively referred to as diphtheroids. (amegroups.com)
  • Studies have detected mis-assemblies in genomes of the species Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Corynebacterium jeikeium is a "lipophilic" bacterial species, meaning its growth is generally enhanced by the presence of lipids. (kenyon.edu)
  • It is caused by a superficial bacterial infection with Corynebacterium species. (skinsight.com)
  • an aerobic bacterial swab was positive for Corynebacterium species. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • Pitted keratolysis is caused by a cutaneous infection with either Micrococcus sedentarius (now renamed as Kytococcus sedentarius), Dermatophilus congolensis and the Corynebacterium species. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • Taxonomic characterization of nine strains isolated from clinical and environmental specimens, and proposal of Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum sp. (nih.gov)
  • Because diphtheria toxoid-containing vaccines target diphtheria toxin, vaccination with these vaccines most likely prevents toxin-mediated disease caused by all toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium. (cdc.gov)
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis strains belonging to biovar equi , however, cause edematous skin illness in buffalos. (frontiersin.org)
  • This retrospective analysis included Corynebacterium strains derived from 211 urine samples. (journalmrji.com)
  • Genomic analysis of four strains of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis bv. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Changes in MLST profiles and biotypes of Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates from the diphtheria outbreak period to the period of invasive infections caused by nontoxigenic strains in Poland (1950-2016). (cdc.gov)
  • A large diphtheria epidemic in the 1990s in Russia and neighboring countries was caused by a clonal group of closely related Corynebacterium diphtheriae strains (ribotypes Sankt-Peterburg and Rossija). (asm.org)
  • These characteristics may explain how some C. pseudodiphtheriticum strains cause severe infection in human patients. (scielo.br)
  • Certain strains produce diphtheria toxin and can cause a serious condition similar to diphtheria infection (7). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A case of costochondral abscess due to Corynebacterium minutissimum in an HIV-infected patient. (medscape.com)
  • Van Bosterhaut B, Cuvelier R, Serruys E, Pouthier F, Wauters G. Three cases of opportunistic infection caused by propionic acid producing Corynebacterium minutissimum. (medscape.com)
  • Fernandez Giron F, Saavedra Martin JM, Benítez Sanchez M, Fernandez Mora F, Rodriguez Gomez E. Corynebacterium minutissimum peritonitis in a CAPD patient. (medscape.com)
  • Aperis G, Moyssakis I. Corynebacterium minutissimum endocarditis: a case report and review. (medscape.com)
  • Embolic retinopathy due to Corynebacterium minutissimum endocarditis. (medscape.com)
  • Corynebacterium minutissimum pyelonephritis with associated bacteraemia: a case report and review of literature. (medscape.com)
  • Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteremia in an immunocompetent host with cellulitis. (medscape.com)
  • Arsan AK, Sizmaz S, Ozkan SB, Duman S. Corynebacterium minutissimum endophthalmitis: management with antibiotic irrigation of the capsular bag. (medscape.com)
  • Cutaneous granulomas caused by corynebacterium minutissimum in an HIV-infected man. (medscape.com)
  • Dalal A, Likhi R. Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteremia and meningitis: a case report and review of literature. (medscape.com)
  • Postoperative Abdominal Infection Caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum. (medscape.com)
  • Erythrasma is a bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum (Gram positive bacteria). (amazonaws.com)
  • Erythrasma is a superficial skin infection caused by a bacterium called Corynebacterium minutissimum. (livestrong.com)
  • Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Corynebacterium striatum has been cited with increased frequency as pathogen of nosocomial infections. (scielo.br)
  • The detection of various antibiotic resistance genes is fully consistent with previously observed multidrug-resistant pattern in Corynebacterium spp. (scielo.br)
  • Corynebacterium striatum is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen associated with immunocompromised and chronically ill patients, as well as nosocomial outbreaks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Corynebacterium Striatum is a multidrug-resistant nosocomial pathogen increasingly associated with a wide range of human infections and high morbidity. (amegroups.com)
  • Corynebacterium jeikeium is a multidrug-resistant bacteria of the human skin flora that causes infection in severely immunocompromised patients with indwelling medical devices. (kenyon.edu)
  • Infections have been recorded in farm workers and veterinarians exposed to the pathogen. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Diphtheria is a life-threatening infection of the upper respiratory airways caused by the bacterial pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheria. (symptoma.com)
  • C striatum could be a pathogen of bloodstream infection in patients with such a catheter in place. (elsevier.com)
  • Corynebacterium striatum is recognized as a true pathogen when isolated in several samples from sterile body sites or from indwelling medical devices ( 1 ). (amegroups.com)
  • Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum is a well-known human pathogen that mainly causes respiratory disease and is associated with high mortality in compromised hosts. (scielo.br)
  • Corynebacterium jeikeium, an opportunistic pathogen, commonly colonizes in the skin, especially in immunocompromised hosts. (kenyon.edu)
  • Myocarditis can also result from infection with Staphylococcus aureus or Corynebacterium diptheriae . (healthline.com)
  • Causes of bacterial infection in such patients include Group A streptococci, Corynebacterium , and Staphylococcus aureus . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 1 , 2 This microorganism has been responsible for a variety of invasive infections, such as bacteremia, 3 endocarditis, 4 osteomyelitis, 5 and others. (scielo.br)
  • Some cases of endocarditis, an infection of the lining of the heart, caused by it have been reported. (wisegeek.com)
  • Bensahi I, Arous S, Elfhal A, Assaidi A, Azzouzi L and Habbal R (2015) Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae: A Rare Cause of Infective Endocarditis in Native Valve. (omicsonline.org)
  • We report a case of non-complicated endocarditis due to nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae that occurred on a native valve. (omicsonline.org)
  • Infective Endocarditis due to nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae is an uncommon infection. (omicsonline.org)
  • A variety of infections have been associated with this bacterium, this includes bacteremia, endocarditis, valvular damage, meningitis, vaginitis and infections of the urinary tract, the respiratory tract, wounds, skin and the eye ( 2 - 4 ). (amegroups.com)
  • Infections caused by C. pseudodiphtheriticum include endocarditis (Morris & Guild 1991), bacteraemia (Das et al. (scielo.br)
  • The most common infection with these organisms is bacteremia in association with infections involving devices such as heart valves, catheters, and neurological shunts. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • [5] Today, the more common scenario is nondiphtherial corynebacterial bacteremia associated with device infections (venous access catheters, heart valves, neurosurgical shunts, peritoneal catheters), as well as meningitis, septic arthritis, and urinary tract infections. (medscape.com)
  • It has also been linked to skin infections and bacterial infection of the blood, also called bacteremia . (wisegeek.com)
  • In both countries, most infections were caused by isolates belonging to sequence type (ST) 8 biotype gravis, which we previously suspected of having increased pathogenic properties (2). (wordpress.com)
  • We hypothesize that pathogenic ST8 could spread to other countries in Europe in a few years and that persistence of ST8 isolates in the population might be related to increases in the number of invasive infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Nontoxigenic highly pathogenic clone of Corynebacterium diphtheriae , Poland, 2004-2012. (cdc.gov)
  • In this paper, we review the pathogenic role of P. acnes in implant-associated infections such as prosthetic joints, cardiac devices, breast implants, intraocular lenses, neurosurgical devices, and spine implants. (hindawi.com)
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae [a] is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria . (wikipedia.org)
  • This is an aggressive bacterial infection that may compromise organ function if left untreated. (wisegeek.com)
  • Your doctor can easily identify the bacterial infection on physical examination of the skin. (amazonaws.com)
  • The part of the skin which overlaps gets this type of bacterial infection and is more prominent in areas like groin, armpits and other skin folds. (amazonaws.com)
  • Corynebacterium is what causes this bacterial infection. (iloveindia.com)
  • This bacterial infection can actually be prevented by the doses of DTP, DT or TD, vaccines that are given by the intramuscular route. (iloveindia.com)
  • Patients who are diagnosed with Corynebacterium jeikeium show signs of normal bacterial infection such as fever. (kenyon.edu)
  • Diphtheria is a highly contagious bacterial infection that affects the nose, throat and sometimes the skin. (news-medical.net)
  • In this study, we report the draft genome of a C. striatum isolated from a patient with bloodstream infection in a hospital of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (scielo.br)
  • The bacterium was detected from the removed central venous catheter tip too, and the patient was diagnosed with catheter-related bloodstream infection by C. striatum" Daisuke et al (2017). (ivteam.com)
  • Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection , 45 (3), 255-258. (elsevier.com)
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi is the etiologic agent of ulcerative lymphangitis. (frontiersin.org)
  • The relationship between Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi phenotype with location and extent of lesions in horses. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Pigeon fever is a disease of horses, also known as dryland distemper or equine distemper, caused by the Gram-positive bacteria Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abscess caused by Corynebacterium equi in a cat. (elsevier.com)
  • Skin: Cutaneous infections can occur, often in more tropical climates, presenting as nonhealing ulcers. (medscape.com)
  • Infection may involve the NOSE and THROAT (respiratory diphtheria) or the SKIN (cutaneous diphtheria). (beltina.org)
  • Cutaneous diphtheria is an infection of the skin by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The moist, damaged skin associated with intertrigo is a fertile breeding ground for various microorganisms, and secondary cutaneous infections commonly are observed in these areas. (aafp.org)
  • Tandon R, Kim KS, Serrao R. Disseminated Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection in a person with AIDS with cutaneous and CNS lesions. (bu.edu)
  • From 2016 through the middle of 2017, the German Consiliary Laboratory on Diphtheria noted an increase in nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates submitted from cities in northern Germany. (cdc.gov)
  • Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium #diphtheriae #Infections, #Europe (Emerg Infect Dis. (wordpress.com)
  • analyzing nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infections in northern Germany during 2016-2017 (1). (wordpress.com)
  • We identified patient characteristics and detected transmission events, providing evidence that nontoxigenic C. diphtheriae infection is a potential public health threat in industrialized countries. (wordpress.com)
  • In Poland, we also observed an accumulation of nontoxigenic C. diphtheriae infections during 2016-2017. (cdc.gov)
  • The scale of the problem of nontoxigenic C. diphtheriae infections in Europe remains unknown because only toxigenic infections are registered. (cdc.gov)
  • Dangel A , Berger A , Konrad R , Bischoff H , Sing A . Geographically diverse clusters of nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, Germany, 2016-2017. (cdc.gov)
  • An API-Coryne test and sequencing (1~615 bp) of the 16S rRNA gene were performed, and the strain was identified as Corynebacterium striatum. (ivteam.com)
  • The wild-type strain caused abscessation at the site of infection, which then spread to the regional lymph node, while W1.31r1 had a reduced ability to establish a primary infection and was incapable of dissemination. (nih.gov)
  • Interestingly, the recovery of this strain from infected mouse spleens induced a change in its virulence potential, and it became more virulent in a second infection challenge. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this work, we present the resequencing of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis strain 1002 (Cp1002). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Corynebacterium diptheriae is the bacterium that causes diphtheria , an acute infection that destroys tonsils and throat cells. (healthline.com)
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the bacterium that causes the disease diphtheria. (wikipedia.org)
  • and urinary tract infections and mastitis (affecting milk production) in cattle due to infection with Corynebacterium renale , Corynebacterium cystidis , Corynebacterium pilosum , and Corynebacterium bovis . (medscape.com)
  • Therefore, novel diagnostic procedures should be developed for the specimens from patients with urinary tract infections, especially in the case of transplant recipients. (journalmrji.com)
  • 2008) and urinary tract infections (Nathan et al. (scielo.br)
  • Molecular analysis of uropathogenic E.coli isolates from Urinary tract infections in Ilam. (amedeo.com)
  • New research suggests it is possible to develop a point-of-care test for patients with urinary tract infections. (mdedge.com)
  • The emergence of MDR C. striatum and its involvement in nosocomial infections require appropriate interpretive criteria to the selection of the adequate antibiotic therapy [ 16 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Brief Summary: Corynebacterium spp have been considered as innocuous commensals of human skin, but are now accepted as important opportunistic pathogens responsible for various nosocomial infections, especially implicating foreign materials. (shine.com)
  • The guidelines summarise recommendations and procedures for the microbiological diagnosis of infections caused by toxigenic and non-toxigenic isolates of corynebacteria, with particular reference to C.diphtheriae and C. ulcerans. (neli.org.uk)
  • Subsequently, cases of bloodstream and catheter-related infections caused by C. striatum isolates were noticed in the same hospital. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Nevertheless, in Poland, 40% of isolates (19/48) during 2012-2017 were obtained from invasive infections, whereas in Germany only 9 isolates (≈12%) were obtained from cases with severe invasive complications. (cdc.gov)
  • Erythromycin has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms both in vitro and in clinical infections [ see Indications and Usage (1) ]. (drugs.com)
  • Caseous lymphadenitis (CL) is a contagious infectious disease of small ruminants caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Goat caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a chronic disease caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the causative agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a debilitating chronic disease of sheep and goats. (springer.com)
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and its role in ovine caseous lymphadenitis. (springer.com)
  • The diphtheria epidemic in Russia and neighboring countries in the 1990s (140,000 cases, 4,000 deaths in 1991 to 1996 [39]) stimulated research activities on Corynebacterium diphtheriae , a causative agent of the disease. (asm.org)
  • Corynebacterium bovis is well known as a normal bovine microbiota and is a common cause of bovine mastitis ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • C. bovis infections in humans are rare, and identification of the organism by biochemical methods is challenging ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Although 9 cases of C. bovis infections in humans have been reported ( 3 - 6 ), only the most recent case, which involved prosthetic joint infection, used 16S rRNA gene sequencing to identify the bacterium with certainty ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • C. bovis has not been described as part of the human microbiota, nor has it been associated with eye infections, in contrast to other Corynebacterium spp. (cdc.gov)
  • We found C. bovis associated with each of these eye and facial soft-tissue infections, but whether this lipophilic organism colonizes in the oily glands of eyelids in healthy individuals is unclear. (cdc.gov)
  • Corynebacterium bovis shoulder prosthetic joint infection: the first reported case. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Dentro de las bacterias aisladas, el Corynebacterium bovis fue la bacteria con mayor frecuencia de aislamiento (46,73%), concordando con otros autores, donde aislaron con predominancia este genero de bacteria con una frecuencia mayor desde 34 a 42% [4, 14, 21]. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The exotoxin of Corynebacterium diptheriae is absorbed in the blood which in turn kills heart, kidney, and nerve cells by blocking protein synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • ulcerative lymphangitis, external abscess, and internal infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory guidelines for the diagnosis of infections caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae and C. ulcerans. (neli.org.uk)
  • Animals: 538 horses with a diagnosis of C pseudotuberculosis infection. (elsevier.com)
  • Timely diagnosis of the infection and prompt treatment lead to the favourable outcome of the patient. (amegroups.com)
  • However, so far there is no proper diagnosis method or effective treatment available for Cp infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Diagnosis of urinary tract infection based on artificial intelligence methods. (amedeo.com)
  • Sonication of explanted prosthetic material improves the diagnosis of implant-associated infections. (hindawi.com)
  • The chromosomal gene encoding the phospholipase D from Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (biovar ovis) isolate Whetten 1 was replaced with an allele containing a nonsense mutation. (nih.gov)
  • Cardiac: The toxic effect in the myocardium characteristically occurs within 1-2 weeks following onset of infection, often when the upper respiratory tract symptoms are improving. (medscape.com)
  • C diphtheriae infection is typically characterized by a local inflammation, usually in the upper respiratory tract, associated with toxin-mediated cardiac and neural disease. (medscape.com)
  • Diphtheria antitoxin is recommended for respiratory infections caused by toxigenic C. diphtheriae or C. ulcerans ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Respiratory diphtheria (especially when untreated) may result in complications that include MYOCARDITIS ( INFLAMMATION and infection of the HEART MUSCLE ), NEURITIS, RESPIRATORY FAILURE , and death. (beltina.org)
  • The spread of infection is by means of droplet infection through the upper respiratory tract during the first 2 to 5 days of infection [2]. (symptoma.com)
  • Corynebacterium propinquum ( C. propinquum ) is a bacterium found in the normal flora of the skin and mucous membranes that mainly colonizes the oropharyngeal region of the upper respiratory tract. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • 1 Some rare cases of opportunistic respiratory infection by C. propinquum , often associated with immunosuppression or underlying lung disease, have been reported. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • We report a case of respiratory infection in a 75-year-old man, former smoker of 60 pack-years, diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) GOLD IV, treated with bronchodilators and high-dose inhaled corticosteroids, with a history of frequent exacerbations requiring antibiotics and systemic corticosteroids. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • Description and Significance== ''Corynebacterium diphtheriae'' is the etiological agent of [[diphtheria]], an upper respiratory disease mainly affecting children. (kenyon.edu)
  • Which of the following causes an infection of the respiratory system that is transmitted by the gastrointestinal route? (yahoo.com)
  • But this very interesting article from Israel describes a corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis outbreak in a dairy cattle herd causing both ulcerative granulomatous skin lesions and mastitis. (vetcontact.com)
  • Based on this reclassification, for example, Corynebacterium haemolyticum became Arcanobacterium haemolyticum and the JK group became Corynebacterium jeikeium . (medscape.com)
  • The chromosome of C. jeikeium K411 contains 2,104 predicted coding sequences, 52% of which were considered to originate from the same ancestor as in the Corynebacterium glutamicum, Corynebacterium efficiens, and Corynebacterium diphtheriae genomes. (kenyon.edu)
  • Corynebacterium jeikeium is commonly found in the human skin flora. (kenyon.edu)
  • Over colonization of C. jeikeium occurs in severely immunocompromised hosts, which cause infections, espcially in patients with skin disruption. (kenyon.edu)
  • The predicted virulence factors of Corynebacterium jeikeium are mainly involved in ensuring the availability of exogenous fatty acids by damaging the host tissue. (kenyon.edu)
  • Objective: To describe clinical manifestations of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses and to evaluate diagnostic methods for identification of this disease. (elsevier.com)
  • OBJECTIVE To develop and use a sensitive molecular assay for detecting the phospholipase D (PLD) exotoxin gene of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in an attempt to identify insect vectors that may be important in transmission of clinical disease in horses. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The characteristic thick membrane of diphtheria infection in the posterior pharynx. (medscape.com)
  • Cervical edema and cervical lymphadenopathy from diphtheria infection produce a bullneck appearance in this child. (medscape.com)
  • Does infection with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis interfere with TB testing in goats? (bmj.com)
  • Thirteen goats from a TB-free herd that had no history of Johne's diseases or CLA infection were selected for the study. (bmj.com)
  • CL is an infection of goats, caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. (goatworld.com)
  • Corynebacterium'' ''diphtheriae'' was identified as the etiological agent of diphtheria by Klebs in 1883, and was first cultivated in 1884 by Loeffler, who also identified the diphtheria toxin in the same year. (kenyon.edu)
  • The organism was initially identified by the API Coryne system (biomérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) as C. urealyticum or Corynebacterium group F-1. (cdc.gov)
  • However, given the difficulty of phenotypic identification and the lack of literature to support eye infections associated with C. urealyticum , we performed 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of the first ≈500 bp to confirm the identity. (cdc.gov)
  • Immunocompromised patients appear to have higher colonization rates than healthy persons and may be at a greater risk of developing an infection after being colonized. (medscape.com)
  • However, the MDR PFGE profile I was also found predominant among patients with hematogenic infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A retrospective cohort study described characteristics, outcome and determinants of treatment failure of all patients with proven Corynebacterium spp. (crioac-lyon.fr)
  • Lipophilic corynebacteria are a particularly relevant subgroup of corynebacteria since they might be involved in infections of hospitalized patients and often show multiresistance to antimicrobials ( 9 ). (asm.org)
  • Intertrigo most often occurs in patients with obesity (body mass index more than 30 kg per m 2 ), diabetes mellitus, or human immunodeficiency virus infection, and in those who are bedridden. (aafp.org)
  • Peri-operative antibiotic treatment of bacteriuria reduces early deep surgical site infections in geriatric patients with proximal femur fracture: is it related? (amedeo.com)
  • The efficacy and safety of tazobactam/ceftolozane in Japanese patients with uncomplicated pyelonephritis and complicated urinary tract infection. (amedeo.com)
  • Which of the following causes opportunistic infections in AIDS patients? (yahoo.com)
  • The three ''Corynebacterium'' genomes that have been sequenced are all similar in general content - visit NCBI for more information. (kenyon.edu)
  • Corynebacterium striatum and C pseudodiphtheriticum (or C hofmannii ) are normal inhabitants of the anterior nares and skin. (medscape.com)
  • Treat skin injuries promptly to prevent infection. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • known to colonize the human conjunctiva and skin ( 7 ) and cause eye infections ( 8 , 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Hi, I had a skin infection around 10 years back near my inner thighs and genital area. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • I am suffering from skin infection mostly at the place of hairs like - beard, moustaches etc. due to this I have to suffer heat boil sensation and pus formation. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • start taking to end this stubborn skin infection . (healthcaremagic.com)
  • Infection primarily involves the skin and affected mucosa, followed by the spread of either free bacteria or those inside phagocytes, leading to localized infection in the lymph nodes or internal organs [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most recently, an increase in nondiphtherial corynebacterial infections of the skin and soft tissues has been reported. (medscape.com)
  • Corynebacterium xerosis is a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin. (wisegeek.com)
  • Skin bacteria is referred to as corynebacterium xerosis. (wisegeek.com)
  • Infections caused by C. xerosis are sometimes missed because this bacteria is so common on the skin. (wisegeek.com)
  • Corynebacterium-associated skin infections. (medscape.com)
  • Topical review: skin infections in the foot and ankle patient. (medscape.com)
  • Skin barrier protectants, such as zinc oxide ointment and petrolatum, as part of a structured skin care routine that also includes gentle cleansing and moisturizing may reduce recurrent intertrigo infections. (aafp.org)
  • Although external treatments for ringworm are effective in overcoming infections of the skin, if the disease affects the nails, oral medications are required. (amazonaws.com)
  • Again the infection is common in moist areas of the skin since bacteria can easily invade the skin layers that are wet. (amazonaws.com)
  • UV rays of the lamp when passed on to the infected skin layer, makes it coral red and thus your doctor can easily diagnose the infection of the affected skin layer. (amazonaws.com)
  • Bacterial and fungal skin infections are also more common among people who drink large amounts of alcohol. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Breakdown of skin affected by intertrigo leaves the area vulnerable to secondary infection by bacteria or yeast. (livestrong.com)
  • Jock itch -- known medically as tinea cruris -- refers to a superficial skin infection in the groin area caused by fungi called dermatophytes. (livestrong.com)
  • The infection is limited to the uppermost layer of the skin, called the stratum corneum. (livestrong.com)
  • The area may be slightly itchy, but many people do not experience itchiness with this skin infection. (livestrong.com)
  • 4. Wear gloves to prevent skin infections in humans. (goatworld.com)
  • Skin diseases and internal infections: caused by Bacterial, virus, fungi? (yahoo.com)
  • Exogenous coproporphyrin III production by Corynebacterium aurimucosum and Microbacterium oxydans in erythrasma lesions. (medscape.com)
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a soil-borne anaerobic bacterium. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a minuscule, Gram-positive, pleomorphic, non-sporulating facultative anaerobic bacillus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Diphtheria is caused by infection with the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which is an anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria. (news-medical.net)
  • The contribution of activated macrophages to protection against Escherichia coli was studied in mice treated intravenously with Corynebacterium parvum 7 days before infection. (elsevier.com)
  • The adaptive resistance to infection caused by facultative intracellular bacteria, such as C. pseudotuberculosis, is related to CD4 T cells and, more specifically, to clones that produce Th1-type cytokines, mainly IFN-γ and TNF-α. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Corynebacteria represent often-neglected etiological agents of post-traumatic and/or post-operative bone and joint infection (BJI). (crioac-lyon.fr)
  • Surgical management plays a crucial role in outcome of BJI involving corynebacteria, as often chronic and device-associated infections. (crioac-lyon.fr)
  • The Corynebacteria are a diverse group of gram-positive, non-sporing rod-shaped organisms that include Corynebacterium diphtheriae. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • 3 Once established in the host, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis evades the immune system with relative ease, causing chronic infections that persist for the life of the animal. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Once successfully established within the host, chronic infection may persist throughout most, or even the entire lifespan of the animal [ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In particular, they accounted for up to 10% of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), and are mostly identified in chronic forms of bone and joint infections (BJI). (shine.com)
  • This bacterium is usually responsible for late chronic infections but, exceptionally, could produce acute infections, mainly related to any device. (hindawi.com)
  • Acute phase proteins (APPs) are found in the blood and their concentration increases or decreases in response to infection, inflammation and injury. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to person-person spread of streptococcal infections including scarlet fever, contaminated milk was also shown to produce explosive epidemics of very acute streptococcal pharyngitis with high mortality. (symptoma.com)
  • Diphtheria is an acute infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Infected livestock and pets such as dogs and cats are recognized sources of occasional C. ulcerans infection in humans, particularly in older adults who are either unvaccinated with diphtheria toxoid-containing vaccines or have not received recommended booster doses. (cdc.gov)
  • Health care providers should be aware that C. ulcerans infection can be acquired from pets, particularly by elderly or immunocompromised persons ( 3 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Those with a compromised immune system should take precautions to prevent opportunistic infections such as corynebacterium xerosis. (wisegeek.com)
  • Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum is a lipophilic corynebacterium validly characterized in 2004. (asm.org)
  • In some endemic locations, such as India, 44% of throat and nasal swabs tested positive for C diphtheriae and Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum . (medscape.com)
  • Opportunistic pathogens, including Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum, are frequently resistant to antimicrobial agents and there is no effective vaccine against this microbe. (scielo.br)