A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria in which three cultural types are recognized. These types (gravis, intermedius, and mitis) were originally given in accordance with the clinical severity of the cases from which the different strains were most frequently isolated. This species is the causative agent of DIPHTHERIA.
A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria that was originally isolated from necrotic areas in the kidney of a sheep. It may cause ulcerative lymphangitis, abscesses, and other chronic purulent infections in sheep, horses, and other warm-blooded animals. Human disease may form from contact with infected animals.
A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
An ADP-ribosylating polypeptide produced by CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE that causes the signs and symptoms of DIPHTHERIA. It can be broken into two unequal domains: the smaller, catalytic A domain is the lethal moiety and contains MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASES which transfers ADP RIBOSE to PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTOR 2 thereby inhibiting protein synthesis; and the larger B domain that is needed for entry into cells.
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Sex differences in susceptibility of ICR mice to oral infection with Corynebacterium kutscheri. (1/263)Sex difference in susceptibility to oral infection with Corynebacterium (C.) kutscheri was experimentally studied in ICR mice. Immature (4-week-old) and adult (14-week-old) mice were inoculated with two infecting doses of C. kutscheri, and necropsied for bacteriological and serological survey 4 weeks after the bacterial infection. No macroscopic lesions at necropsy were demonstrated, except for one adult male given 10(9) bacteria. In immature mice, C. Kutscheri isolated from the oral cavity and cecum with FNC agar, were recovered in only 40.0% of female mice but in 90.0% of male mice given 10(6) bacteria (p < 0.05), and in only 55.6% of female mice but in 80.0% male mice given 10(8) bacteria. In adult mice given 10(9) bacteria, the organism were recovered in only 45.5% of female mice but in 90.9% of male mice (p < 0.05), furthermore, the mean number of organisms in the cecum of male mice harboring the organism was significantly higher than that in females (p < 0.01). Castration caused an increase in host resistance in adult male mice. These results indicated that ICR male mice were more susceptible than females, in terms of bacterial colonization in the cecum and the oral cavity, to oral infection with C. kutscheri. (+info)
Corynebacterium sundsvallense sp. nov., from human clinical specimens. (2/263)Three strains of a previously undescribed catalase-positive non-lipophilic coryneform bacterium isolated from human clinical specimens were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Morphologically the unknown bacterium consisted of pleomorphic rods, some of which displayed bulges/knobs at their ends. All three strains were similar in that they produced acid from fructose, glucose, maltose and sucrose and were urease-positive. Chemotaxonomic investigations revealed the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid and short-chain mycolic acids consistent with the genus Corynebacterium sensu stricto. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the three strains are genealogically highly related and constitute a new subline within the genus Corynebacterium, displaying > 3% sequence divergence with recognized species. The unknown bacterium was distinguished from currently validly published Corynebacterium species by phenotypic tests, including electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium from clinical specimens be classified as Corynebacterium sundsvallense sp. nov. The type strain is CCUG 36622T. (+info)
Emergence of related nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis strains in Western Europe. (3/263)We report on 17 isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis with related ribotypes from Switzerland, Germany, and France. Isolates came from skin and subcutaneous infections of injecting drug users, homeless persons, prisoners, and elderly orthopedic patients with joint prostheses or primary joint infections. Such isolates had only been observed in Switzerland. (+info)
Bacterial conjunctivitis in Muc1 null mice. (4/263)PURPOSE: In contrast to wild-type mice, genetically engineered Mucin1 (Muc1) null animals display a marked propensity for development of blepharitis and conjunctivitis. Molecular approaches confirmed the presence of Muc1 mRNA and protein in the conjunctival tissue of wild-type mice and identified the bacterial species in Muc1 null symptomatic mice. METHODS: Muc1 null animals housed in a conventional facility were examined for visually apparent inflammation of the eye and surrounding tissue. Blood taken from overtly affected animals was assayed for antibodies to common murine viral agents. Swabs of infected eyes and whole eye preparations were used to detect and speciate bacterial pathogens. Frozen sections of whole eye, lid margin, and Harderian gland were immunostained with antibodies to Muc1 and cytokeratin 14, both epithelial cell markers. Northern blot analysis and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed on RNA isolated from conjunctiva and Harderian gland of wild-type mice to compare relative levels of transcript. RESULTS: Student's unpaired t-test performed on the eye inflammation frequency of Muc1 null mice confirmed a statistical significance (P < 0.01) when compared to wild-type background animals housed in the same room. Analysis of blood samples from affected Muc1 null animals detected no common murine viral pathogens. Bacterial analysis of conjunctival swabs and whole eye preparations demonstrated the presence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Streptococcus type alpha, and Corynebacterium group G2. Muc1 antibody staining of wild-type sections revealed the presence of Muc1 on conjunctival goblet and non-goblet cells and on the epithelium of the Harderian gland. Serial sections stained with cytokeratin 14 antibody confirmed the epithelial nature of cells expressing the Muc1 protein. RNA from conjunctiva and Harderian gland subjected to RT-PCR and northern blot analysis showed an abundance of Muc1 transcript in these tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Muc1 mRNA and protein are present in murine conjunctival and Harderian gland epithelia. Animals lacking Muc1 mRNA and protein are predisposed to developing eye inflammation when compared to wild-type animals with an intact Muc1 gene. Muc1 appears to play a critical protective role at the ocular surface, presumably by acting as a barrier to infection by certain bacterial strains. (+info)
Randomized, double-blind trial of an antibiotic-lock technique for prevention of gram-positive central venous catheter-related infection in neutropenic patients with cancer. (5/263)The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of an antibiotic-lock technique in preventing endoluminal catheter-related infection with gram-positive bacteria in neutropenic patients with hematologic malignancies. Patients with nontunneled, multilumen central venous catheters were assigned in a randomized, double-blinded manner to receive either 10 U of heparin per ml (57 patients) or 10 U of heparin per ml and 25 microg of vancomycin per ml (60 patients), which were instilled in the catheter lumen and which were allowed to dwell in the catheter lumen for 1 h every 2 days. Insertion-site and hub swabs were taken twice weekly. The primary and secondary end points of the trial were significant colonization of the catheter hub and catheter-related bacteremia, respectively. Significant colonization of the catheter hub occurred in nine (15.8%) patients receiving heparin (seven patients were colonized with Staphylococcus epidermidis, one patient was colonized with Staphylococcus capitis, and one patient was colonized with Corynebacterium sp.), whereas the catheter hubs of none of the patients receiving heparin and vancomycin were colonized (P = 0.001). Catheter-related bacteremia developed in four (7%) patients receiving heparin (three patients had S. epidermidis bacteremia and one patient had S. capitis bacteremia), whereas none of the patients in the heparin and vancomycin group had catheter-related bacteremia (P = 0.05). The times to catheter hub colonization and to catheter-related bacteremia by the Kaplan-Meier method were longer in patients receiving heparin and vancomycin than in patients receiving heparin alone (P = 0.004 and P = 0.06, respectively). Our study shows that a solution containing heparin and vancomycin administered by using an antibiotic-lock technique effectively prevents catheter hub colonization with gram-positive bacteria and subsequent bacteremia during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in patients with hematologic malignancy. (+info)
Targeting improves the efficacy of a DNA vaccine against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in sheep. (6/263)A large-scale DNA vaccination trial was performed with sheep to investigate whether an antigen targeted by CTLA-4 enhanced and accelerated the humoral immune response. Vaccination with genetically detoxified phospholipase D (DeltaPLD) has been shown to be effective, at least partially, against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the causal agent of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep. CTLA-4 binds to B7 on antigen-presenting cells and thus was used to direct the fusion antigens to sites of immune induction. Here we demonstrated that targeting DeltaPLD as a CTLA-4 fusion protein significantly enhanced the speed, magnitude, and longevity of the antibody response compared to that obtained with DNA encoding DeltaPLD. While all groups of sheep vaccinated with DNA encoding DeltaPLD were afforded better protection against an experimental challenge with C. pseudotuberculosis than those immunized with an irrelevant plasmid or those left unimmunized, the best protection was provided by the targeted DNA vaccine. We propose that targeting antigens to antigen-presenting cells offers a generic strategy for enhancing the efficacy of DNA vaccines. (+info)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha and gamma interferon are required for the development of protective immunity to secondary Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in mice. (7/263)The production and role of endogenous cytokines during the course of secondary Corynebacterium (C.) pseudotuberculosis infection were investigated in mice. When immunized mice were challenged on day 28 after primary infection, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) were found to appear at 3 hr and to reach the maximum at 24 hr after challenge. Spleen cells of mice primarily infected from 2 to 8 weeks before produced a significant amount of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma when stimulated with formalin-killed bacteria. However, they could not produce detectable amounts of IL-4. The administration of anti-TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody (MAb) and IFN-gamma MAb increased bacterial proliferation in the organs of immune mice and exacerbated the secondary infection. Injection of anti-CD4 MAb alone or anti-CD4 plus anti-CD8 MAbs resulted in significantly increased mortality and a marked suppression of bacterial elimination as well as cytokine production of secondarily infected mice, while the treatment with anti-CD8 MAb alone showed no effect on either the resistance or cytokine production of mice. These results suggest that CD4, probably Th1 T cells, play an important role for establishment of protective immunity against secondary C. pseudotuberculosis infection by secreting TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. (+info)
CT and MRI findings in primitive pituitary abscess: a case report and review of literature. (8/263)Pituitary abscess is not rare. Clinical and radiological features in a primitive pituitary abscess are reported. Transphenoidal surgery revealed an abscess. Preoperative diagnosis of pituitary abscess remains difficult. Sellar round cystic mass isointense to grey matter on T1, high intensity signal on T2, with a peripheral rim enhancement following gadolinium injection associated with thickened stalk and diabetes insipidus may be suggestive of pituitary abscess. (+info)
Relapsing Bacteraemia due to Corynebacterium striatum in a Patient with Peripheral Arterial Disease - PJM ONLINE
We describe the first reported case of Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum) relapsing bacteraemia in a patient with peripheral arterial disease and proven Corynebacterium species colonization of a chronic foot ulcer, focusing on the difficulties in the management of the patient. We conclude that the optimal duration of the antibiotic treatment for relapsing C. striatum bacteraemia from a chronic ulcer should be 6 weeks together with surgical treatment.. Key words: Corynebacterium striatum, antibiotic treatment, peripheral arterial disease, relapsing bacteraemia, skin infection. Corynebacterium species other than Corynebacterium diphteriae are part of the normal flora of human skin and mucous membranes (Coyle and Lipsky, 1990). Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum), a gram-positive bacillus, was traditionally regarded to be a colonizer or a contaminant (Watkins et al., 1993). The first published case of C. striatum infection was in 1980 in an immunocompromised patient with pleuropulmonary ...
The left atrial bacterial vegetative mass due to Corynebacterium striatum as a presentation of myxoma: a case report | BMC...
Corynebacterium striatum is a member of the non-diphtherial corynebacteria, which are ubiquitous in nature and generally colonize the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Rarely, it causes infective endocarditis (IE). We report a case of rare left atrial bacterial vegetative mass due to C. striatum masquerading as a myxoma identified through a tortuous diagnostic process, and present a brief review of the relevant literature. We present a case of 63-year-old man who presented with progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion and lower leg edema, and was diagnosed with heart failure. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed that the left atrium was filled with a 2.7 cm × 2.6 cm mass. The patient, who had no signs of infection or related risk factors, was suspected of having a left atrial myxoma clinically. After excising the mass, the histopathology suggested thrombus with no myxocytes. Postoperatively, a fever appeared and C. striatum was isolated from the blood
Identification and diversity of multiresistant Corynebacterium striatum clinical isolates by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and by...
The genus Corynebacterium is composed of Gram-positive bacteria that are widely distributed throughout the environment; these bacteria are also part of the normal microbiota of human skin and mucous membranes. Multiple studies have shown that species of this genus, including C. striatum, become pathogenic to humans under special conditions. Our aim was to determine the characteristics of clinical multiresistant strains of C. striatum that were isolated in our geographical region, to determine their diversity, and to compare them with the type strain and with related species. We studied fifty-two strains of C. striatum isolated from different hospitals from Mallorca, Spain, mainly from the Hospital Joan March in Bunyola, Mallorca. Most of the strains were isolated from sputum cultures of respiratory samples from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To gain further insight into the genetic diversity of the strains, we analysed several housekeeping genes and other genes associated with
Septicaemia in a granulocytopenic patient caused by Corynebacterium striatum. | Postgraduate Medical Journal
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Xerosis: Treating Clinically Dry Skin
Dryness of the skin, known as xerosis, or xeroderma, is a common condition in the elderly. As people age, the outer layer of skin loses water, causing the surface to become dry and rough.1 Incidence of xerosis increases with age, and prevalence of the condition in the United States may increase, given the demographic aging of the population.2 Xerosis may be a troubling condition in elderly individuals because of its physical appearance and the physical discomfort that may ensue. While the exact cause of xerosis is unknown, the condition is related to altered lipid composition of the stratum corneum, in addition to other changes in epidermal differentiation.1 It appears as though xerosis does not occur as a result of decreased water in the skin, but rather is the result of abnormal keritinization and desquamation. 2 ...
Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis: 18 Causes
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 18 conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 5 common conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 4 somewhat common conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 2 uncommon conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis. There are 7 rare conditions that can cause Urinate Less Than Usual and Xerosis.
Corynebacterium amycolatum - Wikipedia
Corynebacterium amycolatum is a Gram-positive, nonspore-forming, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacillus capable of fermentation with propionic acid as the major end product of its glucose metabolism. One of its best known relatives is Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the causative agent of diphtheria. C. amycolatum is a common component of the natural flora found on human skin and mucous membranes, and as such, is often disregarded by physicians as a contaminant when found in blood cultures. However, C. amycolatum is actually an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing serious human disease such as endocarditis and sepsis. First described in 1988, C. amycolatum is one of the diphtheroids most often isolated from clinical samples. However, it is often difficult to differentiate from other fermentative corynebacteria such as C. minutissimum and C. xerosis, both of which are known human pathogens. One method of differentiation, however, is by observing the cell wall. Unlike other members of this ...
Corynebacterium minutissimum - Wikipedia
Corynebacterium minutissimum is a species of Corynebacterium associated with erythrasma, a type of skin rash. It can be distinguished from similar-appearing rashes by exposing the area to the light of a Woods lamp; C. minutissimum produces porphyrins that fluoresce coral-red. Dalal A, Likhi R (January 2008). Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteremia and meningitis: a case report and review of literature. J. Infect. 56 (1): 77-9. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2007.10.006. PMID 18036665. Habif, Thomas R. Clinical Dermatology (4th ed.). Mosby. p. 419. ISBN 0-323-01319-8. Type strain of Corynebacterium minutissimum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology ...
Outbreak of Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Infection in Cystic Fibrosis Patients, France - Volume 16, Number 8-August...
An increasing body of evidence indicates that nondiphtheria corynebacteria may be responsible for respiratory tract infections. We report an outbreak of Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). To identify 18 C. pseudodiphtheriticum strains isolated from 13 French children with CF, we used molecular methods (partial rpoB gene sequencing) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Clinical symptoms were exhibited by 10 children (76.9%), including cough, rhinitis, and lung exacerbations. The results of MALDI-TOF identification matched perfectly with those obtained from molecular identification. Retrospective analysis of sputum specimens by using specific real-time PCR showed that ≈20% of children with CF were colonized with these bacteria, whereas children who did not have CF had negative test results. Our study reemphasizes the conclusion that correctly identifying bacteria at the species level facilitates
Nosocomial endocarditis caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum and other nondiphtheriae corynebacteria. (Dispatches). - Free...
Free Online Library: Nosocomial endocarditis caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum and other nondiphtheriae corynebacteria. (Dispatches). by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Cross infection Causes of Drug resistance in microorganisms Research Endocarditis Microbial drug resistance Nosocomial infections Pathogenic microorganisms
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Lehmann and Neumann ATCC ® BA
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum ATCC ® BAA-732™ Designation: Vitek #12653 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain
Corynebacterium minutissimum | bacterium | Britannica.com
Corynebacterium minutissimum: …and attributed to the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The lesions are generally seen on the inner sides of the thighs, in the scrotum, in the toe webs, and in the armpits. Erythrasma is more likely to occur in a warm climate. It is usually effectively treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, but (on…
Corynebacterium minutissimum - RightDiagnosis.com
Corynebacterium minutissimum symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Corynebacterium minutissimum (Erythrasma) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
Pilot immunization of mice infected with an equine strain of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pilot immunization of mice infected with an equine strain of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. AU - Gorman, Jennifer K.. AU - Gabriel, Mourad. AU - Maclachlan, Nigel J. AU - Nieto, Nathan C.. AU - Foley, Janet E. AU - Spier, Sharon. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - This pilot study evaluated protection of an equine autogenous bacterin-toxoid vaccine against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection. Twenty-four BALB/c mice were inoculated with two doses of bacterin-toxoid vaccine or two injections of a placebo. Clinical, microbiologic, and pathologic outcomes were assessed after intradermal infection with one of two equine-origin C. pseudotuberculosis strains. Mice receiving bacterin-toxoid from fast-growing C. pseudotuberculosis showed significant protection from challenge infection, as evidenced by a higher survival rate, fewer gross and histopathologic lesions, and lower bacterial levels on culture. Successful protection via a vaccine against equine internal abscesses might ...
The core stimulon of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis strain 1002 identified using ab initio methodologies - Integrative...
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a bacterium which causes diseases such as caseous lymphadenitis in small ruminants, resulting in large-scale economic losses for agribusiness worldwide. Consequently, this bacterium including its transcriptional profile analysis has been the focus of various stu Integrative Computational Biology
First genome sequencing and comparative analyses of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis strains from Mexico | Environmental...
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a pathogenic bacterium which has been rapidly spreading all over the world, causing economic losses in the agricultural sector and sporadically infecting humans. Six C. pseudotuberculosis strains were isolated from goats, sheep, and horses with distinct abscess locations. For the first time, Mexican genomes of this bacterium were sequenced and studied in silico. All strains were sequenced using Ion Personal Genome Machine sequencer, assembled using Newbler and SPAdes software. The automatic genome annotation was done using the software RAST and in-house scripts for transference, followed by manual curation using Artemis software and BLAST against NCBI and UniProt databases. The six genomes are publicly available in NCBI database. The analysis of nucleotide sequence similarity and the generated phylogenetic tree led to the observation that the Mexican strains are more similar between strains from the same host, but the genetic structure is probably more influenced by
Corynebacterium simulans sp. nov., a non-lipophilic, fermentative Corynebacterium. | Microbiology Society
Three coryneform strains isolated from clinical samples were analysed. These strains fitted the biochemical profile of Corynebacterium striatum by conventional methods. However, according to recently described identification tests for fermenting corynebacteria, the strains behaved rather like Corynebacterium minutissimum. The three isolates could be distinguished from C. minutissimum by a positive nitrate and nitrite reductase test and by not fermenting maltose; from C. striatum by their inability to acidify ethylene glycol and to grow at 20 degrees C. Genetic studies based on 16S rRNA showed that the three strains were in fact different from C. minutissimum and C. striatum (96.9 and 98% similarity, respectively) and from other corynebacteria. They represent a new species for which the name Corynebacterium simulans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DSM 44415T (= UCL 553T = Co 553T).
Author: S. MATHAVI, A.V. RAGHAVENDRA RAO, A. KAVITHA, G. SASIKALA, INDRA PRIYADHARSINI. Category: Microbiology. [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Introduction: Coryneform or the nondiphtherial Corynebacterium species remains a neglected group as contaminants. Theseorganisms havebeen associated with invasive disease, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Species like Corynebacterium amycolatum, Corynebacterium jeikeium , Corynebacterium minutissimum and Corynebacterium urealyticum are reported with increasing frequency. An alarming rate of antibiotic resistance is also documented among such organisms. Aim and Objective: This study was done to find out the various species of clinically relevant Coryneforms and to determine their antibiogram.. Materials and Methods: A total of 857 clinical samples (Pus, wound swab, urine, blood, sputum and catheter tips) received in the Microbiology department during January 2013 to October 2013 were included in the study. They were subjected to Grams staining and ...
Corynebacterium macginleyi: a conjunctiva specific pathogen | British Journal of Ophthalmology
More specific detection methods in recent years have allowed further investigation of the coryneform bacterias.C macginleyi was first identified in 1995 by Riegel et al 5-7 during investigations on lipophilic corynebacteria. It has been uniquely isolated from ocular surfaces. The first 18 cases ofC macginleyi conjunctivitis have been detected in Switzerland.8 Within the recent past we found in 10 patients 13 cases of C macginleyiconjunctivitis in Germany, indicating that the presence of this micro-organism is not geographically limited.. Thiel et al report on increasing percentage of patients positive for corynebacteria.10 11 We found in our patients 18.7% Staphylococcus aureus, 12.1% Corynebacterium macginleyi, and 8.4%Haemophilus influenzae. Fahmiet al, however, found coagulase negative staphylococci in 82% and corynebacteria in 58% of their mainly elderly patients.12 In our study group we foundC macginleyi predominantly in middle aged patients without any preference regarding sex. This is in ...
Next generation sequencing analysis of nine Corynebacterium ulcerans isolates reveals zoonotic transmission and a novel...
Background: Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans can cause a diphtheria-like illness in humans and have been found in domestic animals, which were suspected to serve as reservoirs for a zoonotic transmission. Additionally, toxigenic C. ulcerans were reported to take over the leading role in causing diphtheria in the last years in many industrialized countries. Methods: To gain deeper insights into the tox gene locus and to understand the transmission pathway in detail, we analyzed nine isolates derived from human patients and their domestic animals applying next generation sequencing and comparative genomics. Results: We provide molecular evidence for zoonotic transmission of C. ulcerans in four cases and demonstrate the superior resolution of next generation sequencing compared to multi-locus sequence typing for epidemiologic research. Additionally, we provide evidence that the virulence of C. ulcerans can change rapidly by acquisition of novel virulence genes. This mechanism is exemplified by an ...
Molecular characterization of the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis hsp60-hsp10 operon, and evaluation of the immune response...
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are important candidates for the development of vaccines because they are usually able to promote both humoral and cellular immune responses in mammals. We identified and characterized the hsp60-hsp10 bicistronic operon of the animal pathogen Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, a Gram-positive bacterium of the class Actinobacteria, which causes caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) in small ruminants. To construct the DNA vaccine, the hsp60 gene of C. pseudotuberculosis was cloned in a mammalian expression vector. BALB/c mice were immunized by intramuscular injection with the recombinant plasmid (pVAX1/hsp60). This vaccination induced significant anti-hsp60 IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a isotype production. However, immunization with this DNA vaccine did not confer protective immunity.
Corynebacterium haemolyticum definition | Drugs.com
Definition of Corynebacterium haemolyticum. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Corynebacterium amycolatum SK46
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Permalien vers The complete genome sequence of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis FRC41 isolated from a 12-year-old girl with...
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is generally regarded as an important animal pathogen that rarely infects humans. Clinical strains are
Characterization of virulence factors of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis field isolates</em>...
TY - CONF. T1 - Characterization of virulence factors of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis field isolates. AU - Magalhães, T.. AU - Oliveira, M.. AU - Nunes, S. F.. AU - Carneiro, C.. AU - Cavaco, Lina. AU - Vilela, C. L.. N1 - Conference code: 2. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. M3 - Poster. T2 - 2nd FEMS Congress of European Microbiologists. Y2 - 4 July 2006 through 8 July 2006. ER - ...
Further studies on the lipids of corynebacteria. The mannolipids of Corynebacterium aquaticum | Biochemical Journal
1. The major free lipids of Corynebacterium aquaticum were characterized as dimannosyl diglyceride, monomannophosphoinositide and phosphatidylethanolamine. Bisphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol were also tentatively identified. 2. We regard this as the only well-documented case of an organism containing monomannophosphoinositide to the exclusion of dimannophosphoinositides and the higher homologues. 3. The co-existence of the two mannolipids in one organism is a distinctive feature. So also is the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine in a corynebacterium. 4. The monomannophosphoinositide apparently does not utilize phosphatidylinositol as a precursor, unlike the monomannophosphoinositide of Propionibacterium shermanii. CDP-diglyceride may be necessary for its synthesis.. ...
Figure 2 - Limitations of Ribotyping as Genotyping Method for Corynebacterium ulcerans - Volume 26, Number 10-October 2020 -...
We conducted molecular typing of a Corynebacterium ulcerans isolate from a woman who died in Japan in 2016. Genomic DNA modification might have affected the isolates ribotyping profile. Multilocus sequence typing results (sequence type 337) were more accurate. Whole-genome sequencing had greater ability to discriminate lineages at high resolution.
Isolation of Corynebacterium equi from a foal with an ulcerated leg wound and a pectoral abscess<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Isolation of Corynebacterium equi from a foal with an ulcerated leg wound and a pectoral abscess. AU - Smith, Bradford. AU - Jang, S.. PY - 1980/12/1. Y1 - 1980/12/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019275536&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019275536&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 7440356. AN - SCOPUS:0019275536. VL - 177. SP - 623. EP - 624. JO - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. SN - 0003-1488. IS - 7. ER - ...
Items where Subject is B800 Medical Technology - Northumbria Research Link
Saltanat, N., Hossain, Alamgir and Alam, Muhammad (2010) An efficient pixel value based mapping scheme to delineate pectoral muscle from mammograms. In: IEEE Fifth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications, 23-26 September 2010, Changsha, China. Sangal, Vartul, Nieminen, Leena, Weinhardt, Barbara, Raeside, Janice, Tucker, Nicholas, Florea, Catalina-Diana, Pollock, Kevin and Hoskisson, Paul (2014) Diphtheria-like disease caused by Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans strain. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20 (7). pp. 1257-1258. ISSN 1080-6059 Sarac, Ferdi and Seker, Huseyin (2016) An instance selection framework for mining data streams to predict antibody-feature function relationships on RV144 HIV vaccine recipients. In: Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC). IEEE, 003356-003361. ISBN 9781509018970 Sarac, Ferdi, Uslan, Volkan, Seker, Huseyin and Bouridane, Ahmed (2016) A supervised feature selection framework ...
Sinus Microbiome Diversity Depletion and Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum Enrichment Mediates Rhinosinusitis | Science...
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9α-Hydroxylation of 4-androstene-3,17-dione by gel-entrapped Corynebacterium sp. cells<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - 9α-Hydroxylation of 4-androstene-3,17-dione by gel-entrapped Corynebacterium sp. cells. AU - Sonomoto, Kenji. AU - Usui, Naoki. AU - Tanaka, Atsuo. AU - Fukui, Saburo. PY - 1983/7/1. Y1 - 1983/7/1. N2 - Whole cells of Corynebacterium sp. having steroid 9α-hydroxylation system were immobilized by entrapment with photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers, urethane prepolymers or several kinds of polysaccharides. Of various entrapment methods tested, cells entrapped in photo-crosslinked gels showed the highest activity to hydroxylate 4-androstene-3,17-dione at 9α-position. The properties of the photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers, such as the hydrophobicity and the chain length of the prepolymers, affected markedly the activity of the entrapped cells. Addition of dimethyl sulfoxide to a buffer system at 15 vol. % was effective to solubilize the product, 9α-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione, and gave the highest yield. In an aqueous system, the activity of hydrophilic gel-entrapped ...
Corynebacterium renale (Migula) Ernst ATCC ® 19412™
Corynebacterium renale ATCC ® 19412™ Designation: NCTC 7448 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain Quality control for API Coryne
Development and validation of an ELISA to detect antibodies to Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in ovine sera - WRAP:...
The results of ROC analysis indicated that the IgG isotype ELISA was more accurate than the total antibody ELISA. The efficiency of the test was greatest when serum samples were run in a dilution series than when any single serum dilution was used. The ELISA is considered to be suitable for application in field studies of CLA in UK sheep.. ...
KEGG PATHWAY: Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis - Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis 267
Glycolysis is the process of converting glucose into pyruvate and generating small amounts of ATP (energy) and NADH (reducing power). It is a central pathway that produces important precursor metabolites: six-carbon compounds of glucose-6P and fructose-6P and three-carbon compounds of glycerone-P, glyceraldehyde-3P, glycerate-3P, phosphoenolpyruvate, and pyruvate [MD:M00001]. Acetyl-CoA, another important precursor metabolite, is produced by oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate [MD:M00307]. When the enzyme genes of this pathway are examined in completely sequenced genomes, the reaction steps of three-carbon compounds from glycerone-P to pyruvate form a conserved core module [MD:M00002], which is found in almost all organisms and which sometimes contains operon structures in bacterial genomes. Gluconeogenesis is a synthesis pathway of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors. It is essentially a reversal of glycolysis with minor variations of alternative paths [MD:M00003 ...
KEGG PATHWAY: Nucleotide excision repair - Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis I19
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
INTRODUCTION: Discordant data have been reported on the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the activity of important antibiotic classes. In particular a recent study suggested that the antagonism previously observed with fluoroquinolones macrolides and aminoglycosides was likely due to an experimental confounding factor (ie low pH of NAC solutions in distilled water) and not to NAC itself. AIMS: To investigate the NAC effect at neutral pH on the activity of several antibiotics against a large collection of relevant respiratory pathogens. METHODS: Antibiotic susceptibility of 39 reference strains or clinical isolates from respiratory infections of several bacterial species (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Corynebacterium striatum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Klebsiella spp, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae) were tested in NAC absence and presence ...
Corynebacterium jeikeium (strain K411)
p>An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.,/p> ,p>,a href=/manual/evidences>More…,/a>,/p> ...
German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH: Details
Corynebacterium - wikidoc
Some species of Corynebacterium have sequenced genomes that range in size from 2.5 - 3 Mbp. They can be found in many environments including soil, trees and skin. The non-diptheiroid Corynebecterium can also be found in human mucous membranes. They grow slowly, even on enriched media, and undergo Chinese Letter division. Species of Corynebacterium have been used in the mass production of various amino acids including L-Glutamic Acid, a popular food additive that is made at a rate of 1.5 million tons/ year by Corynebacterium. The metabolic pathways of Corynebacterium have been further manipulated to produce L-Lysine and L-Threonine ...
Distribution of Corynebacterium renale in Cattle -Korean Journal of Veterinary Research | Korea Science
An attempt was made by the authors to survey the distribution of C. renale in apparently healthy Korean male cattle and dairy cattle, and to determine the types of C. renale isolated in Korea. A total of 153 urine samples and 240 vaginal smears were collected from 253 cows for examination, and 124 urine samples of Korean cattle were investigated. Of them, one case showed cystitis symptoms. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The organism was detected from 8(6.5%) of 124 specimens of Korean cattle. The isolates studied in this survey belonged to type I (4.1%), type III (1.6%) and untypable(0.8%) of C. renale. 2. The rate of isolation of C. renale was 7.5% (19 of 253 individuals) in apparently healthy cow. The 26 strains isolated from the 19 dairy cattle belonged to type I (38.5%), type II (26.9%), type III (24.6%) and untypable(11.5%) in the serological classification. From the cow with clinical cystitis, type III strain was isolated. 3. It appears that the isolation rate depends on
Studies on the Antibiotic Activity and Its Stability of Chitosan--《Journal of Beijing Union University》2004年01期
The antibiotic activity of three kinds of chitosans with different molecular weight(50, 100, 200 kD) and same deacelylated degree(85%), was evaluated against some bacteria(Staphyloccus aurueus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Corynebacterium minutissimum, Escherichia coli, Candida albillus).The growth of all the bacteria tested were inhibited by chitosans treatments, and the inhibiting rate decreased with the rising of chitosans molecular weight. The minimum inhibitory concentration of all the chitosans is above 0.5 g/L. The effects of temperature, metal ions on the antibiotic activity of chitosans were also assessed.
CORYNEBACTERIUM - Definition and synonyms of corynebacterium in the English dictionary
«Corynebacterium» Corynebacterium is a genus of Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria. They are widely distributed in nature and are mostly innocuous. Some are useful ...
Cutaneous microbiota | Biocodex Microbiote Institute
Cutaneous microbiota is extremely diverse. Its composition varies according to the cutaneous zone and between individuals, and its imbalance is associated with skin diseases.. Cutaneous microbiota is particularly complex, with extremely significant inter- and intra-individual variations1. It is composed of a set of microorganisms, bacteria, yeasts, viruses, and parasites. At least 19 major families of bacteria have been identified: the primary ones are Actinobacteria (Corynebacterium, etc.), Firmicutes (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, etc.) and Proteobacteria (Acinetobacter, etc.)1,2. Among the bacterial strains present on healthy skin, the primary ones found are Corynebacterium jeikeium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis3. Microbiota composition varies based on the location, ranging from 100 microorganisms per cm2 on the back or the tips of the fingers to 106 on the forehead or in the armpits2.. This microbiota develops from birth, as a result of the ...
Culti-Loops™ Corynebacterium renale ATCC™ 19412™
Thermo Scientific™ Culti-Loops™ are ready-to-use QC organisms recommended for use in performance testing of media, stains, reagents and identification kits, and for the evaluation of bacteriological procedures.
The Roles of Equine Antibody and Cell Mediated Responses in Determining the Various Manifestations of Pigeon Fever
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a facultative intracellular pathogen with pleomorphic forms. While two forms of the bacteria exist, in our study, we are most concerned with the equi biovar, the strain that affects horses and cattle. The major secreted exotoxin is phospholipase D (PLD), which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in phospholipids. Management of the disease is highly challenging, as antibiotics are often ineffective since bacteria stay protected inside abscesses within thick enclosing capsules. This leads to the overarching goal of the study: the development of a vaccine against C. pseudotuberculosis . Since the disease can manifest either internally or externally, further understanding of the roles of the antibody and cell-mediated responses in determining the form of disease is crucial. Important stepping-stones for success include the establishment of the roles TH1 and TH2 lymphocytes in response to the bacteria and the comparison of antibody responses in different ...
Pre GI: BLASTN Hits
General Information: They may be found as members of the normal microflora of humans, where these bacteria find a suitable niche in virtually every anatomic site. Corynebacterium ulcerans is commonly associated with dairy animals and unpasturized dairy products. This organism has been implicated in bovine mastitis and can cause skin infections and a diptheria-like disease in humans. ...
Genomic diversity among Corynebacterium jeikeium strains and comparison with biochemical characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibilities ...
Corynebacterium sp. - toxicity, ecological toxicity and regulatory information
Data on 6,500 pesticides, insecticides and herbicides including toxicity, water pollution, ecological toxicity, uses and regulatory status.
This post explores the Corynebacterium, a large group of mostly harmless bacteria that holds some surprises. Included is a demonstrated means of removal.
Biology-Online • View topic - Corynebacteria vs Clostridia
However I took about 18 of these samples and streaked them onto blood agar. After 24hrs the growth rates were very mixed. 3 had excellent growth and were all IDed as corynebacterium spp. The other 15 had very little growth and only one of these had enough growth for a full ID. This one came off as Clostridium ...
BRC Web - Catalog Centre de Ressources Biologiques de lInstitut Pasteur Â» CIP 104296T - Corynebacterium argentoratense ...
Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 533; J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 3925-3931; Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 874-879. ...
Corynebacterium infections are related to excessive sweating; for this reason, deodorants containing an aluminum chloride ... "Corynebacterium-associated skin infections". International Journal of Dermatology. 47 (9): 884-90. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2008 ... but because it is a bacterial infection and not a fungal infection, it should be called trichobacteriosis. It is characterized ... The infection is diagnosed by close examination of the hair shafts where brown to yellow material called concretions are seen. ...
Cutaneous diphtheria infection
Cutaneous diphtheria is an infection of the skin by Corynebacterium diphtheriae.: 265 It is also known as "desert sore". ...
Corbeil, LE; Morrissey, JF; Léguillette, R (October 2016). "Is Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection (pigeon fever) in ... "Frequency of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses across the United States during a 10-year period". Journal ... "Bayesian geostatistical analysis and ecoclimatic determinants of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection among horses". ... As long a horse is eating and drinking, the infection must run its course, much like a common cold virus. Over time, a horse ...
Infections of this type have been described as a local infection or they can progress into a larger disseminated infection ... Other documented infections include osteomyelitis, an infection of the bone that can occur through blood born infection or ... "Respiratory infection by Corynebacterium striatum: epidemiological and clinical determinants". New Microbes and New Infections ... More recently Corynebacterium striatum was found to in fact be the cause of infection and disease, given the opportunity. Early ...
"Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Infection of Horses and Cattle - Circulatory System". Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved ... Spier, S. J.; Azevedo, V. (2017-08-09). "Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: Increasing frequency and ... Though vaccination will not prevent infection in a flock, it does minimize the severity of infection, so can have positive ... when it was recategorized into the Corynebacterium genus. It was finally renamed Corynebacterium ...
Childhood immunizations in the United States
Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheria. It is spread through respiratory droplets from ... It can also help prevent ear infections. Previous infection from the disease does not grant immunity from future infection ... People who are in close contact with someone who has the disease are at increased risk of infection. In the case of infection, ... It prevents meningitis, Hib pneumonia, Hib epiglottitis (severe throat infection) and other infections that are a result of ...
... is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Most infections are asymptomatic or have a mild ... Previous infection may not protect against infection. A diphtheria vaccine is effective for prevention and available in a ... malignant throat infection, gangrenous throat infection, etc.] Paris, France: Crevot. A condensed version of this work is ... Indirect infections can occur, as well. If an infected individual touches a surface or object, the bacteria can be left behind ...
Dias, Meena; Rao, Suresh D.; Shet, Dinesh (2010). "Corynebacterium macginleyi'a rare bacteria causing infection in an ... "Corynebacterium macginleyi" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Corynebacterium macginleyi at BacDive - the ... "Surgical Site Infection by Corynebacterium macginleyi in a Patient with Neurofibromatosis Type 1". Case Reports in Infectious ... Corynebacterium macginleyi is a species of bacteria with type strain JCL-2 (CIP 104099). It is considered pathogenic. Riegel, P ...
The infection is caused by Corynebacterium species bacteria and Kytococcus sedentarius. Excessive sweating of the feet and use ... is a bacterial skin infection of the foot. The infection is characterized by craterlike pits on the sole of the feet and toes, ... The infection is more common in people who live in tropical climates and walk barefoot, and those who spend a lot of time ... However, a potassium hydroxide preparation can help rule out the presence of a fungal infection. Imaging and biopsy are not ...
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour
... infection by Mycobacterium avium intracellulare or Corynebacterium equi (pneumonia-causing bacteria); Campylobacter jejuni ( ... causes gastroenteritis); Lysinibacillus sphaericus (previously termed Bacillus sphaericus, a rare cause of lung infections and ...
By contracting this skin infection, patients become more vulnerable to contracting infections from other bacteria that exist ... Corynebacterium ulcerans is a rod-shaped, aerobic, and Gram-positive bacterium. Most Corynebacterium species are harmless, but ... "Infection of the Skin Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans and Mimicking Classical Cutaneous Diphtheria". Clinical Infectious ... C. ulcerans can also cause zoonotic infections. In 2003, A 47-year-old woman in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France was admitted to the ...
The infection is caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum, an aerobic Gram-positive bacterium and mainly affects very young chicks ... However, it seems likely that a triggering agent (e.g. a virus) might be involved in which renders the corynebacterium a ... Summarized from Minutes of "Yellow-eyed Penguin Corynebacterium Workshop" held in Dunedin, Tuesday 5 April 2005 (All articles ... in serious cases tongue exposed Isolation of Corynebacterium amycolatum from a clinical specimen, or Histopathologic diagnosis ...
"Urinary tract infection with Corynebacterium aurimucosum after urethroplasty stricture of the urethra: a case report". Journal ... These well inhibited bacteria cause Staph infections, urinary tract infections, and cavities. This suggests that lactocillin ... Lactocillin could function as a new antibiotic that could help people fight off infections that are resistant to many other ... Lactocillin was found to be most effective at preventing growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium aurimucosum, and ...
"Classification of Coryneform Bacteria Associated with Human Urinary Tract Infection (Group D2) as Corynebacterium urealyticum ... Corynebacterium urealyticum is a bacterial species of the genus Corynebacterium. It is not commonly found in healthy people. It ... There are other urease-producing corynebacteria that are associated with urinary tract infections, but C. urealyticum is the ... ISBN 978-0-323-08692-9. Type strain of Corynebacterium urealyticum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e ( ...
The disease has been linked to an infection of Corynebacterium, a genus of bacteria that also causes diphtheria in humans. It ... "Phylogenomic Characterization of a Novel Corynebacterium Species Associated with Fatal Diphtheritic Stomatitis in Endangered ...
The term "intertrigo" commonly refers to a secondary infection with bacteria (such as Corynebacterium minutissimum), fungi ( ... These areas are more susceptible to irritation and subsequent infection due to factors that promote skin breakdown such as ... Intertrigo is treated by addressing associated infections, by removing moisture from the site, and by using substances at the ... Diaper rash List of skin diseases Kalra, MG; Higgins, KE; Kinney, BS (April 2014). "Intertrigo and secondary skin infections". ...
Graevenitz, A.; Funke, G. (2013). "Turicella otitidis and Corynebacterium auris: 20 years on" (PDF). Infection. 42 (1): 1-4. ... differentiation from Corynebacterium afermentans and Corynebacterium auris". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 34 (10): 2625- ... Corynebacterium otitidis is a coryneform Gram-positive bacterium first isolated from patients with otitis media. Parte, A.C. " ... "Corynebacterium otitidis" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Turicella otitidis at BacDive - the Bacterial ...
Bacterial infections Corynebacterium minutissimum is coral red Pseudomonas is yellow-green Cutibacterium acnes, a bacterium ... It is also helpful in diagnosing: Fungal infections. Some forms of tinea, such as Trichophyton tonsurans, do not fluoresce. ... Wood's lamp is useful in diagnosing conditions such as tuberous sclerosis and erythrasma (caused by Corynebacterium ... it was in 1925 that the technique was used in dermatology by Margarot and Deveze for the detection of fungal infection of hair ...
August 2022). "Toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection in Cat, Texas, USA". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 28 (8): 1686- ... In adults, the infection is limited mostly to the tonsillar region. Some unusual sites of infection include the heart, larynx, ... "UK Standards for Microbiology Investigations - Identification of Corynebacterium species" (PDF). "Diphtheria Infection , Home ... "Corynebacterium". LPSN. Hoskisson PA (June 2018). "Microbe Profile: Corynebacterium diphtheriae - an old foe always ready to ...
Illnesses that can affect dromedary productivity are pyogenic diseases and wound infections caused by Corynebacterium and ...
For instance, infection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the temperate phage PaP3 changed the expression of 38% (2160/5633) of its ... Examples are the conversion of harmless strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae or Vibrio cholerae by bacteriophages, to highly ... Therapeutic efficacy of a phage cocktail was evaluated in a mice model with nasal infection of multidrug-resistant (MDR) A. ... Maintaining an appropriate balance in the amounts of each of these proteins produced during viral infection appears to be ...
Examples: Corynebacterium diphtheriae produces the toxin of diphtheria only when it is infected by the phage β. In this case, ... In 80-90% of single-cell infections, phages enter the lysogenic cycle. In the other 10-20%, phages enter the lytic cycle.[ ... Strategies to combat certain bacterial infections by blocking prophage induction (the transition from the lytic cycle to the ... Mokrousov I (January 2009). "Corynebacterium diphtheriae: genome diversity, population structure and genotyping perspectives". ...
... in that in humans it is usually caused by lung tumors or infections such as Mycobacterium fortuitum or Corynebacterium. The ... Foster W, Armstrong J (2006). "Hypertrophic osteopathy associated with pulmonary Eikenella corrodens infection in a dog". J Am ... "Hypertrophic osteopathy associated with pulmonary Eikenella corrodens infection in a dog". Journal of the American Veterinary ...
However, it is usually a mild infection resulting in an elevated somatic cell count. The bacterium is sensitive to the majority ... Corynebacterium bovis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes mastitis and pyelonephritis in cattle. C. bovis is a facultatively ... Type strain of Corynebacterium bovis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Portal: Biology v t e (Articles with ... In mastitic infections, C. bovis is spread from cow to cow most commonly through improper milking technique. ...
Group JK corynebacterium sepsis
ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. v t e (Bacterium-related cutaneous conditions, All stub articles, Infection-related cutaneous condition ... Group JK corynebacterium sepsis is a form of sepsis which occurs when the bacterium Corynebacterium jeikeium colonizes the skin ...
However, induction of cell lysis may not be the primary function of the toxins during infection. At low concentrations of toxin ... Well-known exotoxins include: botulinum toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum; Corynebacterium diphtheriae toxin, produced ... These "toxins" allow the further spread of bacteria and, as a consequence, deeper tissue infections. Examples are hyaluronidase ... Tweten RK (October 2005). "Cholesterol-dependent cytolysins, a family of versatile pore-forming toxins". Infection and Immunity ...
C. jeikeium is pathogenic, typically causing an opportunistic infection seen most frequently in bone marrow transplant patients ... Parte, A.C. "Corynebacterium". LPSN. Rosato AE, Lee BS, Nash KA (July 2001). "Inducible macrolide resistance in Corynebacterium ... Corynebacterium jeikeium is a rod-shaped, catalase-positive, aerobic species of Actinomycetota in the genus Corynebacterium. ... Type strain of Corynebacterium jeikeium at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Portal: Biology (Articles with short ...
Upper respiratory tract infection
Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Bordetella pertussis, and Bacillus anthracis. Sexually transmitted infections ... "Infections of the Respiratory System". Chapter 93: Infections of the Respiratory System. National Center for Biotechnology ... An upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is an illness caused by an acute infection, which involves the upper respiratory ... Guibas GV, Papadopoulos NG (2017). "Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections". In Green RJ (ed.). Viral Infections in Children ...
Corynebacterium, Dermobacterium, and Pitosporum spp., while transient organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella ... In the US, the most frequent type of hospital infection is urinary tract infection (36%), followed by surgical site infection ( ... infections of surgery site (14.2%). Infections of the skin and mucous membrane (10.2%), other respiratory infections (6.8%) and ... Nosocomial infections can cause severe pneumonia and infections of the urinary tract, bloodstream and other parts of the body. ...
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. 18 (4): 552-554. doi:10.1007/s10156-011-0335-x. PMID 22080192. S2CID 44306319. Vela, Ana ... "Urosepsis caused by Globicatella sanguinis and Corynebacterium riegelii in an adult: case report and literature review". ... "Meningoencephalitis Associated with Globicatella sanguinis Infection in Lambs". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 38 (11): 4254 ...
Examples of bacterial infections that could potentially be treated with tylosin include respiratory infections, metritis, and ... Corynebacterium, and Erysipelothrix. It has a much narrower Gram-negative spectrum of activity, but has been shown to be active ... Tylosin is used in veterinary medicine to treat bacterial infections in a wide range of species and has a high margin of safety ... In general, tylosin is licensed for the treatment of infections caused by organisms susceptible to the drug, but it has also ...
Booss, John; Tselis, Alex C. (2014), "A history of viral infections of the central nervous system", Handbook of Clinical ... Friedrich Loeffler discovered the bacteria of glanders (Burkholderia mallei) in 1882 and diphtheria (Corynebacterium ...
The most studied of these infections is acne vulgaris, caused by Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes). It is ... Majeski, J. A.; Stinnett, J. D. (March 1977). "Chemoattractant properties of Corynebacterium parvum and pyran copolymer for ... Infection and Immunity. 22 (2): 523-529. doi:10.1128/IAI.22.2.523-529.1978. ISSN 0019-9567. PMC 422187. PMID 153333. v t e (CS1 ... Infection and Immunity. 63 (8): 3158-3165. doi:10.1128/IAI.63.8.3158-3165.1995. ISSN 0019-9567. PMC 173431. PMID 7542639. ...
... corynebacterial infection, mycotic infection), autoimmune diseases (sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis), foreign ... The most commonly isolated species is Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii. A selective medium for the isolation of this species has ... The lesion is in some cases very difficult to distinguish from breast cancer and other causes such as infections (tuberculosis ... The presence of Corynebacterium in granulomatous mastitis was first reported in 1996. Since then multiple reports have ...
... to biofilm formation and a murine model of urinary tract infection". Infection and Immunity. 75 (11): 5399-404. doi:10.1128/IAI ... Kang HJ, Paterson NG, Gaspar AH, Ton-That H, Baker EN (October 2009). "The Corynebacterium diphtheriae shaft pilin SpaA is ... Mandlik A, Swierczynski A, Das A, Ton-That H (April 2007). "Corynebacterium diphtheriae employs specific minor pilins to target ... Gaspar AH, Ton-That H (February 2006). "Assembly of distinct pilus structures on the surface of Corynebacterium diphtheriae". ...
... and infection such as bacterial, viral, or fungal. Some of these infections are sexually transmitted diseases. It is less ... In sheep (rams/wethers), ulcerative enzootic balanoposthitis is caused by the Corynebacterium renale group (C. renale, C. ...
Alan W. Bernheimer
Avigad, Lois S. (1974). "Partial Characterization of Aerolysin, a Lytic Exotoxin from Aeromonas hydrophila". Infection and ... and in cultures of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. The two enzyme toxins have different evolutionary origins but are ... "Comparative Toxinology of Loxosceles reclusa and Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis". Science. 228 (4699): 590-591. doi:10.1126 ...
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
Policy statement: recommendations for the prevention of pneumococcal infections, including the use of pneumococcal conjugate ... from cultures of Corynebacterium diphtheriae). This produces a more robust immune response (in most healthy persons). Further, ... which protect against the majority of the remaining pneumococcal infections. In June 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug ... and therefore it has only a limited coverage of serotypes causing serious pneumococcal infections in most developing countries ...
List of skin conditions
Cutaneous group B streptococcal infection Cutaneous Pasteurella hemolytica infection Cutaneous Streptococcus iniae infection ... Green nail syndrome Group JK Corynebacterium sepsis Haemophilus influenzae cellulitis Helicobacter cellulitis Hospital ... Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex infection Mycobacterium haemophilum infection Mycobacterium kansasii infection ... Acanthamoeba infection Amebiasis cutis Ant sting Arachnidism Baker's itch Balamuthia infection Bedbug infestation (bedbug bite ...
Use in treating Helicobacter pylori infections has also been proposed. Furazolidone has also been used for giardiasis (due to ... It has a broad spectrum of activity being active against Gram positive Clostridium perfringens Corynebacterium pyogenes ... As a veterinary medicine, furazolidone has been used with some success to treat salmonids for Myxobolus cerebralis infections. ... Though an effective antibiotic when all others fail, against extremely drug resistant infections, it has many side effects. ...
harboring Corynebacterium paurometabolum and Rhodococcus aurantiacus". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 38 (4): 385-391. doi:10.1099/ ... Some Tsukamurella species can cause infections in humans. Collins MD, Smida J, Dorsch M, Stackebrandt E. (1988). "Tsukamurella ... "First case of Tsukamurella pulmonis infection in an immunocompetent patient". Respiratory Medicine CME. 3 (1): 23-25. doi: ...
... inflammation and bacterial infection in the respiratory tract. Lactoferrin with hypothiocyanite has been granted orphan drug ... cereus Bacillus megaterium Bacillus subtilis Burkholderia cepacia Campylobacter jejuni Capnocytophaga ochracea Corynebacterium ... "Effects of orally administered bovine lactoferrin and lactoperoxidase on influenza virus infection in mice". J. Med. Microbiol ... weakened respiratory immune system against bacterial infection. Symptoms of cystic fibrosis include an inability to secrete ...
Charles V. Chapin
Two more classic works were The Sources and Modes of Infection (1910) and A Report on State Public Health Work Based on a ... Without it municipality and state can do nothing." The laboratory began culturing Corynebacterium diphtheriae from throat swabs ... The Sources and Modes of Infection. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 1910. A Report on State Public Health Work Based on a Survey ... The Sources and Modes of Infection (1910) influenced physicians and public health officials across United States and Europe by ...
Corynebacterium glutamicum is one of the most important bacterial species with an annual production of more than two million ... ISBN 978-0-8385-8529-0. Bordenave G (May 2003). "Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)". Microbes and Infection. 5 (6): 553-560. doi: ... as the clinical effects traced to them were originally presumed due to chronic viral infections, and virologists took search- ... Girolamo Fracastoro proposed that epidemic diseases were caused by transferable seedlike entities that could transmit infection ...
This plasmid has been shown to be essential for infection of foals, and presumably plays a similar role for infection of other ... Other names used include Nocardia restricta, Corynebacterium equi, Bacillus hoagii, Corynebacterium purulentus, Mycobacterium ... Rhodococcus infection in these patients resemble clinical and pathological signs of pulmonary tuberculosis. It is facultative ... Necrosis is pro-inflammatory, attracting additional phagocytic cells to the site of infection, eventually resulting in massive ...
They are associated with hepatic encephalopathy / Hepatic coma, infection stones, and peptic ulceration. Infection induced ... Nocardia Corynebacterium urealyticum Cryptococcus spp., an opportunistic fungus Helicobacter pylori Certain Enteric bacteria ... Agrawal A, Gupta A, Chandra M, Koowar S (17 March 2011). "Role of Helicobacter pylori infection in the pathogenesis of minimal ... In humans the microbial urease, Proteus mirabilis, is the most common in infection induced urinary stones. Studies have shown ...
List of MeSH codes (C01)
... corynebacterium infections MeSH C01.252.410.040.246.388 - diphtheria MeSH C01.252.410.040.246.430 - erythrasma MeSH C01.252. ... bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 - bartonellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.126.100 - bartonella infections MeSH ... moraxellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.560.022 - acinetobacter infections MeSH C01.252.400.610 - mycoplasmatales infections ... salmonella infections, animal MeSH C01.252.400.310.821.873 - typhoid fever MeSH C01.252.400.310.850 - serratia infections MeSH ...
its S. typhimurium infection is caused by consumption of eggs or poultry that are not adequately cooked or by other interactive ... Corynebacterium ulcerans Coxiella burnetii or Q fever Plesiomonas shigelloides In addition to disease caused by direct ... Zearalenone Zearalenols Viral infections make up perhaps one third of cases of food poisoning in developed countries. In the US ... Toxins from bacterial infections are delayed because the bacteria need time to multiply. As a result, symptoms associated with ...
Corynebacterium diphtheriae virus strain Corynebacterium diphtheriae phage (aka Corynephage β or just β-phage) introduces ... Infection and Immunity. 70 (8): 3985-93. doi:10.1128/IAI.70.8.3985-3993.2002. PMC 128183. PMID 12117903. L. P. Johnson, M. A. ... A corynebacteriophage (or just corynephage) is a DNA-containing bacteriophage specific for bacteria of genus Corynebacterium as ... NCBI: Corynephages (list) NCBI: Corynebacterium diphtheriae virus/phage (species) NCBI: Corynephage beta (species) SIB: ...
Michod, R. E.; Bernstein, H.; Nedelcu, A. M. (2008). "Adaptive value of sex in microbial pathogens". Infection, Genetics and ... The non-spore formers are Corynebacterium and Listeria (a coccobacillus), whereas Bacillus and Clostridium produce spores. The ... Gram-positive bacteria are capable of causing serious and sometimes fatal infections in newborn infants. Novel species of ... The Actinomycetota include the Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia and Streptomyces genera. The (low G + C) Bacillota, ...
The infection can spread through the blood or lymphatic system, causing abscesses to form in other lymph nodes or internal ... Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis has also been isolated from occurring in other species such as such as deer, cattle, pigs, ... As a result, it causes chronic infection that may last for most or all of an animal's life, although it is seldom lethal. It ... The biotype of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis affecting horses and cattle is distinguishable from the biotype that infects ...
There are a variety of bacteria which employ bAREs in infection: CARDS toxin of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, cholera toxin of Vibrio ... The first appearance of mono(ADP-ribosyl)ation occurred a year later during a study of toxins: corynebacterium diphtheria ... and diphtheria toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Histone code Cell signaling PARP-1 Cholera toxin NAD+ ADP- ...
Lymantria dispar multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus
It is also able to spread the infection and persist. Its use as a direct control agent was proven in the field. Performance of ... Corynebacterium xerosis, Bacillus cereus, and Bacilius subtillis, but this was not labeled as significant.: 60 In many tests ... PTP augments the baculovirus infection of the brain. Researchers note that it is an example of a captured host gene that has ... In another study, protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) was found to have a crucial role in the virus's infection of brain tissue ...
Corynebacterium Infections: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
The genus contains the species Corynebacterium diphtheriae and the nondiphtherial corynebacteria, collectively referred to as ... in cattle due to infection with Corynebacterium renale, Corynebacterium cystidis, Corynebacterium pilosum, and Corynebacterium ... encoded search term (Corynebacterium Infections) and Corynebacterium Infections What to Read Next on Medscape ... Screening for Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans in patients with upper respiratory tract infections 2007 ...
Corynebacterium Infections: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
The genus contains the species Corynebacterium diphtheriae and the nondiphtherial corynebacteria, collectively referred to as ... in cattle due to infection with Corynebacterium renale, Corynebacterium cystidis, Corynebacterium pilosum, and Corynebacterium ... encoded search term (Corynebacterium Infections) and Corynebacterium Infections What to Read Next on Medscape ... Screening for Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans in patients with upper respiratory tract infections 2007 ...
Search of: Corynebacterium Infections - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Factors associated with intramammary infection in dairy cows caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus,...
Corynebacterium bovis, and Escherichia coli, were included. The control group comprised 160,176 IMI-free cows from the same ... The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for bovine intramammary infection (IMI) associated with the most common ... Taponen , S , Liski , E , Heikkilä , A -M & Pyörälä , S 2017 , Factors associated with intramammary infection in dairy cows ... Factors associated with intramammary infection in dairy cows caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus ...
Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infections, Europe
Title : Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infections, Europe Personal Author(s) : Zasada, Aleksandra A.;Rzeczkowska, ... Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum has rarely been reported to cause disease in humans, despite its common presence in the ... Exudative pharyngitis possibly due to Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum, a new challenge in the differential diagnosis of ... Title : Exudative pharyngitis possibly due to Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum, a new challenge in the differential ...
Hyperammonemia in a patient with obstructive urinary tract infection due to Corynebacterium urealyticum - Open Medicine -...
Hyperammonemia in a patient with obstructive urinary tract infection due to Corynebacterium urealyticum ... Classification of coryneform bacteria associated with human urinary tract infection (group D2) as Corynebacterium urealyticum ... 3] De Jonghe B, Janier V, Abderrahim N, Hillion D, Lacherade JC, Outin H. Urinary tract infection and coma. Lancet. 2002;360: ... 7] Albersen M, Joniau S, Van Poppel H, Cuyle PJ, Knockaert DC, Meersseman W. Urea-splitting urinary tract infection ...
Notes from the Field: Conjunctivitis Caused by Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans - Missouri, 2018 | MMWR
The first fatal case of Corynebacterium ulcerans infection in Japan. JMM Case Rep 2017;4:e005106. CrossRefexternal icon PubMed ... Corynebacterium ulcerans, one of three species of Corynebacterium (in addition to C. diphtheriae and C. psuedotuberculosis) ... Notes from the Field: Conjunctivitis Caused by Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans - Missouri, 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ... Corynebacterium ulcerans in an immunocompromised patient with diphtheria and her dog. J Clin Microbiol 2005;43:999-1001. ...
Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii breast infections: Report of four cases]. | Rev Argent Microbiol;53(4): 304-308, 2021. |...
Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii breast infections: Report of four cases]. / Infecciones mamarias por Corynebacterium ... Corynebacterium Infecções por Corynebacterium/diagnóstico Infecções por Corynebacterium/tratamento farmacológico Feminino ... Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii is an immobile, non-sporulated, glucose-fermenting and lipophilic gram-positive rod of the skin ... In recent years, numerous isolates of this species have been reported mainly in breast infections, such as abscesses and ...
Diphtheria: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Diphtheria is an acute infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. ... Diphtheria is an acute infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae.. Causes. ... The throat infection causes a gray to black, tough, fiber-like covering, which can block your airways. In some cases, ... Diphtheria antitoxin is given as a shot into a muscle or through an IV (intravenous line). The infection is then treated with ...
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Volume 12, Number 2-February 2006 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium Urinary Tract Infection [PDF - 50 KB - 2 pages] G. Vedel et al. Cite This Article. ... Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium Urinary Tract Infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(2):355-356. doi:10.3201/ ... Vedel G, Toussaint G, Riegel P, Fouilladieu J, Billöet A, Poyart C. Corynebacterium pseudogenitalium Urinary Tract Infection. ... Rickettsial Infections and Fever, Vientiane, Laos [PDF - 156 KB - 7 pages] S. Phongmany et al. View Abstract. Cite This Article ...
Image: Draining Caseous Lymphadenitis Abscess - Merck Veterinary Manual
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Emergence of related nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis strains in Western Europe.
Corynebacterium Diphtheriae Corynebacterium Infections Deoxyribonuclease EcoRI Female Genes, Bacterial Humans Joint Diseases ... Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infections, Europe Cite CITE. Title : Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae ... We report on 17 isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis with related ribotypes from Switzerland, Germany, and ... Emergence of related nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis strains in Western Europe.. ...
Diphtheria Vaccination | CDC
Toxins | Free Full-Text | Wound Infections of Snakebites from the Venomous Protobothrops mucrosquamatus and Viridovipera...
The wound infection rate was 22.45%, with seven positive wound cultures, including six polymicrobial infections. Morganella ... the proper management of superimposed bacterial wound infections is not well studied. In this Bacteriology of Infections in ... We further developed a BITE score to evaluate the probability of wound infections and guide antibiotic usage in this patient ... specificity when predicting infection in snakebite patients. Our BITE score may help with antibiotic stewardship by guiding ...
Diphtheria: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Diphtheria manifests as either an upper respiratory tract or cutaneous infection and is caused by the aerobic gram-positive ... First detection of Corynebacterium ulcerans producing a diphtheria-like toxin in a case of human with pulmonary infection in ... Corynebacterium diphtheria. The infection usually occurs in the spring or winter months. It is communicable for 2-6 weeks ... Pathogenic strains can result in severe localized upper respiratory infection, localized cutaneous infections, and rarely ...
WHO laboratory manual for the diagnosis of diphtheria and other related infections
Corynebacterium diphtheriae. en_US. dc.subject.mesh. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. en_US. dc.subject.mesh. Laboratory ... WHO laboratory manual for the diagnosis of diphtheria and other related infections. dc.contributor.author. World Health ... WHO laboratory manual for the diagnosis of diphtheria and other related infections. en_US. ...
Diphtheria or Rohini
Diphtheria is a bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium diptheriae. This is an acute infectious disease, accompanied by a ... Children under five and adults over sixty years old are particularly at risk for contracting the infection. People living in ... Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that spreads easily and occurs quickly. It mainly affects the nose and throat. ...
Difference between revisions of "Nasal passageway" - microbewiki
The Corynebacterium diphtheriae causes infection in the upper respiratory tract, and can be deadly if untreated. (2) ... Cause of acute respiratory infection, associated with subacute respiratory disease. Chronic infection and re-infection can lead ... While Staph is growing, it will not cause any infection, until the bacteria can enter a wound. It cause an infection once it ... The Corynebacterium has a higher affinity for mucus than S. aureus and S. aureus has a higher affinity for than S. epidermidis ...
Respiratory Diphtheria Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans -- Terre Haute, Indiana, 1996
C. ulcerans infection in humans frequently has been associated with antecedent contact with farm animals or with consumption of ... A strain of Corynebacterium ulcerans was subsequently isolated from the culture specimen at CDC, and toxin production by this ... Kisely SR, Price S, Ward T. `Corynebacterium ulcerans: a potential cause of diphtheria. Commun Dis Rep Rev 1994;4:R63-R64. * ... A rapid screening test for B-hemolytic streptococcal infection was negative. The patient was administered 1 g of cefotaxime ...
Find Research outputs - Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
Urinary tract infection by Corynebacterium urealyticum - Look twice. Krishna, S., Rajani, K., Bairy, I. & Shobha, K. L., 01-12- ... Urinary tract infection due to Arcanobacterium haemolyticum . Ciraj, A. M., Rajani, K., Sreejith, G., Shobha, K. L. & Rao, P ... Urinary tract infection due to Enterobacter sakazakii. Bhat, G. K., Anandhi, R. S., Dhanya, V. C. & Shenoy, S. M., 01-07-2009, ... Urinary tract infection in children due to drug-resistant bacteria - A study from South India . Suman, E. & Gopalkrishna ...
Free Medical Flashcards about Organisms/Pathogens
Device Associated Infections. Coagulase - Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, Gram - bacilli, Infection Candida, or any organism ... Corynebacterium diptheriae 1) Incubation period 2) S/S 3) Lab tests 4) Isolation 5) Transmitted 6) Survival times 7) ... 1) PCR of urine or vag swab 2) Itching, drainage, pain; often asymptomatic 3) 1-3 weeks 4) sex, birth 5) Duration of infection ... 1) 2) 3) 14 days; AIDS 7 to 10 years after HIV infection 4) Person to person: sex, blood exposure; birth; breastfeeding 5) ...
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BMC Women's Health | Articles
Figure - Phenotypic and Genotypic Correlates of Penicillin Susceptibility in Nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae, British...
An outbreak of nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection: single bacterial clone causing invasive infection among ... Treatment of infection caused by toxigenic and non-toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. J Antimicrob Chemother. ... Geographically diverse clusters of nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, Germany, 2016-2017. Emerg Infect Dis. ... Human clinical isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans collected in Canada from 1999 to 2003 but ...
WHO EMRO | Long-term sustainability of zero central-line associated bloodstream infections is possible with high compliance...
Corynebacterium spp.]. Bacillus spp. [not B. anthracis], Propionibacterium spp., coagulase-negative staphylococci [including S ... The rate of infection was calculated as follows: (number of CLABSIs/number of central-line days) × 1000 for each month and ... Infection control strategies that were previously used for the prevention of CLABSI were put in the bundle protocol. All health ... RÉSUMÉ Les infections sur cathéter central sont lun des problèmes les plus importants dans les unités de soins intensifs ...
Creighton University - Research output - Creighton University
Corynebacterium infections. Cavalieri, S. J. & Knoop, F. C., Jan 1 2007, xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. ... Borrelia infections. Knoop, F. C., Jan 1 2007, xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-4 4 p.. ... Gonococcal infections. Knoop, F. C., Jan 1 2007, xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-4 4 p.. ... Bacteroides infections. Knoop, F. C., Jan 1 2007, xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-5 5 p. ...
BacteriaStreptococcusStaphylococcusPseudotuberculosisBacteriumUlceransBovisStrainsSpeciesNontoxigenic CorynebacteriumBacterial infectionRespiratoryMinutissimumMucous membranesRenaleAbscessesCutaneousFungal infectionFolliculitisGram-positiveInfeccionesReclassification2018HaemolyticumAntibioticNasalSystemicPathogenicWoundBacteremiaPyogenesIsolatesCausativePharyngitisTetanusProteusSusceptibilityInfectiousSymptoms of diphtheriaSkin infectionToxigenicityUrinary tract infLaboratory
- She was diagnosed with hyperammonemia due to an obstructive urinary tract infection that was caused by urease-producing bacteria. (edu.pl)
- It is necessary to consider obstructive urinary tract infection as a differential diagnosis of hyperammonemia, which commonly occurs in urinary tract infections owing to the presence of urease-producing bacteria. (edu.pl)
- 2] Pitcher D, Soto A, Soriano F, Valero-Guillen P. Classification of coryneform bacteria associated with human urinary tract infection (group D2) as Corynebacterium urealyticum sp. (edu.pl)
- Vaccines are available that help prevent diphtheria , an infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria. (cdc.gov)
- Photomicrograph depicts a number of gram-positive Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria, which had been stained using the methylene blue technique. (medscape.com)
- Erythrasma is a long-term skin infection caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium minutissimum and is more commonly found in people who are overweight or have diabetes. (news24.com)
- Infections with bacteria of the genus CORYNEBACTERIUM . (bvsalud.org)
- Some bacteria live on normal skin and cause no harm, such as some Staphylococcus species, Corynebacterium spp. (dermnetnz.org)
- Some bacteria invade normal skin, broken skin from eczema / dermatitis or wounds (causing wound infection ). (dermnetnz.org)
- Which bacteria cause skin infection? (dermnetnz.org)
- Less common bacteria may also cause infection with skin signs. (dermnetnz.org)
- A type of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae causes diphtheria. (rnkhabri.com)
- Existing antimicrobials could be inadequate in the treatment of infections caused by multiple antibiotics-resistant bacteria. (medicinescience.org)
- The increase in multidrug resistance (MDR) in pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) that cause infections in humans and animals has reached the alarm level. (medicinescience.org)
- However, some bacteria can invade damaged or even healthy skin, resulting in skin and wound infections. (medscape.com)
- Pigeon fever is an infection in the tissue caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. (midriversequine.com)
- While respiratory diphtheria is now extremely rare, non-respiratory infections caused by toxin-producing bacteria have recently been detected. (cdc.gov)
- Only cows with IMI caused by the 6 most common pathogens or groups of pathogens, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Corynebacterium bovis, and Escherichia coli, were included. (helsinki.fi)
- Commonly isolated aerobes include Eikenella corrodens and Staphylococcus , Streptococcus , and Corynebacterium species. (medscape.com)
- Those microorganisms that are potential indicators of contamination in a dental environment include Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus salivarius, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Bacteroides fragilis and Peptoestreptococus. (bvsalud.org)
- It is especially useful in treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Corynebacterium infections. (binaryoptioninc.com)
- Staphylococcus aureus does not normally cause infection on healthy skin. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- We excluded patients with severe immunosuppression, foci of infection with an established requirement for prolonged treatment, single cultures with potential contaminants, or cultures yielding Staphylococcus aureus or fungi. (biomedcentral.com)
- Staphylococcus aureus is isolated in up to 30% of infected human bite wounds and is associated with some of the most severe infections. (medscape.com)
- Staphylococcus , Corynebacterium , by dietary habits as well as by the ed, the number of frequent genes and Propionibacterium . (who.int)
- Draining lesion depicting the characteristically thick purulent material associated with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection. (merckvetmanual.com)
- by Corynebacterium diphtheriae , Corynebacterium ulcerans and Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis . (who.int)
- Houseflies, stable flies and horn flies can spread the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the causative agent of pigeon fever. (aaep.org)
- Diphtheria is an acute infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae . (medlineplus.gov)
- Diphtheria is a bacterial infection mainly caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. (rnkhabri.com)
- In contrast, toxigenic recommendations exist for toxigenic diphtheria in Corynebacterium ulcerans is a zoonotic organism that animals because of its rarity, but health departments causes diphtheria-like illness in humans clinically may pursue interventions similar to those to prevent transmission in humans. (cdc.gov)
- Corynebacterium ulcerans , one of three species of Corynebacterium (in addition to C. diphtheriae and C. psuedotuberculosis ) that can harbor the diphtheria toxin-producing gene was initially identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry performed on an isolate obtained from culture of the pseudomembrane at a Missouri hospital on December 13. (cdc.gov)
- Infected livestock and pets such as dogs and cats are recognized sources of occasional C. ulcerans infection in humans, particularly in older adults who are either unvaccinated with diphtheria toxoid-containing vaccines or have not received recommended booster doses. (cdc.gov)
- Diphtheria antitoxin is recommended for respiratory infections caused by toxigenic C. diphtheriae or C. ulcerans ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- Health care providers should be aware that C. ulcerans infection can be acquired from pets, particularly by elderly or immunocompromised persons ( 3 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
- This report describes a recent case of respiratory diphtheria caused by a toxin-producing strain of Corynebacterium ulcerans. (cdc.gov)
- A strain of Corynebacterium ulcerans was subsequently isolated from the culture specimen at CDC, and toxin production by this strain was confirmed by a toxin-antitoxin precipitation assay (Elek test) and by PCR assay on the isolate. (cdc.gov)
- and urinary tract infections and mastitis (affecting milk production) in cattle due to infection with Corynebacterium renale , Corynebacterium cystidis , Corynebacterium pilosum , and Corynebacterium bovis . (medscape.com)
- The incidence of infection with Corynebacterium bovis is low. (missouri.edu)
- Effect of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis on Corynebacterium bovis Infection and the Skin Microbiome of Immunodeficient Mice. (cuanschutz.edu)
- Nickerson KP, Clifford WL, Henderson KS, Fink MK, Habenicht LM, Fong DL, Leszczynski JK, Manuel CA. Whole genome sequencing of skin microbiota in Corynebacterium bovis clinical and non-clinical infection. (cuanschutz.edu)
- Antibiotic management of Corynebacterium bovis associated clinical disease for NSG mice. (cuanschutz.edu)
- iphtheria, caused by toxigenic strains of the bac- Although these 3 strains contained the tox gene, they terium Corynebacterium diphtheriae , can result were not toxin producing. (cdc.gov)
- Of note, the strains identi- in life-threatening respiratory disease or cutaneous fied in the United States have recently been reclassified infections. (cdc.gov)
- Because diphtheria toxoid-containing vaccines target diphtheria toxin, vaccination with these vaccines most likely prevents toxin-mediated disease caused by all toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium. (cdc.gov)
- Emergence of related nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis strains in Western Europe. (cdc.gov)
- Pathogenic strains can result in severe localized upper respiratory infection, localized cutaneous infections, and rarely systemic infection. (medscape.com)
- a localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of corynebacterium diphtheriae. (icdlist.com)
- The genus contains the species Corynebacterium diphtheriae and the nondiphtherial corynebacteria, collectively referred to as diphtheroids. (medscape.com)
- The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for bovine intramammary infection (IMI) associated with the most common bacterial species in Finland. (helsinki.fi)
- In recent years, numerous isolates of this species have been reported mainly in breast infections , such as abscesses and granulomatous mastitis . (bvsalud.org)
- Due to the association of C. kroppenstedtii with mammary infections , the identification at the species level of those corynebacteria isolated from this location is highly advisable in order to reach the final diagnosis and to test the antimicrobial susceptibility in order to apply the appropriate antibiotic treatment . (bvsalud.org)
- First described in the axillary region by Paxton in 1869, the causative role of multiple bacterial Corynebacterium species was established by Freeman et al in 1969. (medscape.com)
- Other noted species include Corynebacterium propinquum, Corynebacterium flavescens, and Serratia marcescens. (medscape.com)
- Dangel A , Berger A , Konrad R , Bischoff H , Sing A . Geographically diverse clusters of nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, Germany, 2016-2017. (cdc.gov)
- Romney MG , Roscoe DL , Bernard K , Lai S , Efstratiou A , Clarke AM . Emergence of an invasive clone of nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae in the urban poor population of Vancouver, Canada. (cdc.gov)
- Diphtheria is a bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium diptheriae. (indianetzone.com)
- Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that spreads easily and occurs quickly. (indianetzone.com)
- Diphtheria is caused by a bacterial infection that is now rare in developed countries. (merckmanuals.com)
- Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that affects the mucous membranes of the throat and nose. (rnkhabri.com)
- C diphtheriae infection typically is characterized by a local inflammation, usually in the upper respiratory tract, associated with toxin-mediated cardiac and neural disease. (medscape.com)
- a poxvirus infection of poultry and other birds characterized by the formation of wart-like nodules on the skin and diphtheritic necrotic masses (cankers) in the upper digestive and respiratory tracts. (icdlist.com)
- The antibacterial properties in basil leaves can help cure respiratory infections. (rnkhabri.com)
- It has been used primarily for upper respiratory infections, although many other uses have been noted. (ourkidsasd.com)
- In recent years, Lomatium has been widely used for upper respiratory tract infections, both viral and bacterial in origin. (ourkidsasd.com)
- Serous effusions are usually caused by viral upper respiratory infections (otitis media with serous effusion) or by sudden changes in atmospheric pressure as from flying or diving (otitic barotrauma). (easynotecards.com)
- CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND INJURIES I. INFECTIOUS AND PARASITIC DISEASES (001-139) Includes: diseases generally recognized as communicable or transmissible as well as a few diseases of unknown but possibly infectious origin Excludes: acute respiratory infections (460-466) influenza (487. (cdc.gov)
- This disease primarily manifests as respiratory infections that may result in death, but it may also present as mild infections in non-respiratory sites, such as the skin. (cdc.gov)
- The preparation is a drug used in the treatment of fungal diseases (mycoses) of the skin caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, molds and others, such as Malassezia furfur, as well as skin infections caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum. (eliveragroup.com)
- infections of other mucous membranes, such as the eye, have been reported ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Pili-mediated attachment of Corynebacterium renale to mucous membrane of urinary bladder of mice. (sciendo.com)
- Infection most commonly leads to external abscesses, though some horses develop more serious forms including internal abscesses and ulcerative lymphangitis (infection of the limb). (aaep.org)
- The infection often causes abscesses to form. (midriversequine.com)
- infections were cutaneous and associated with inter- After treatment is completed, the index case-patient national travel ( 1 - 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- In order to achieve complete healing of the fungal infection and to prevent a recurrence, you should not stop or interrupt the treatment prematurely without consulting your doctor. (eliveragroup.com)
- Superficial skin and soft-tissue infection results in cellulitis, deeper infection results in abscess formation, and involvement of the follicular unit results in folliculitis. (medscape.com)
- Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii is an immobile, non-sporulated, glucose -fermenting and lipophilic gram-positive rod of the skin microbiota . (bvsalud.org)
- Infecciones mamarias por Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii: comunicación de 4 casos. (bvsalud.org)
- Infecciones producidas por bacterias del género CORYNEBACTERIUM. (bvsalud.org)
- Based on this reclassification, for example, Corynebacterium haemolyticum became Arcanobacterium haemolyticum and the JK group became Corynebacterium jeikeium . (medscape.com)
- Reclassification of 'Corynebacterium haemolyticum' (MacLean, Liebow & Rosenberg) in the genus Arcanobacterium gen.nov. as Arcanobacterium haemolyticum nom.rev., comb.nov. (medscape.com)
- Distribution of MICs from antimicrobial susceptibility testing on Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates collected at St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada during March 2015-September 2018. (cdc.gov)
- Stacey A, Bradlow A. Arcanobacterium haemolyticum and Mycoplasma pneumoniae co-infection. (medscape.com)
- It also outlines their differences, the infections they cause, and discusses antibiotic resistance. (medicalnewstoday.com)
-  Complications of the infection usually are not life-threatening, and most cases resolve after antibiotic therapy. (medscape.com)
- Shorter-duration antibiotic treatment is sufficient for a range of bacterial infections, but has not been adequately studied for bloodstream infections. (biomedcentral.com)
- We conducted an open, pilot RCT of antibiotic treatment duration among critically ill patients with bloodstream infection across 11 intensive care units (ICUs). (biomedcentral.com)
- Secondary outcomes included 90-day, ICU and hospital mortality, relapse of bacteremia, lengths of stay, mechanical ventilation and vasopressor duration, antibiotic-free days, Clostridium difficile , antibiotic adverse events, and secondary infection with antimicrobial-resistant organisms. (biomedcentral.com)
- Both antibiotic use and the acquisition of antibiotic-resistant organisms are high in intensive care units (ICUs), where critically ill patients are vulnerable to bacterial infections and antibiotic complications. (biomedcentral.com)
- Our systematic review of the academic literature revealed no trials of shorter- versus longer-duration treatment among adult patients with bloodstream infection, but did uncover 24 studies (of 7595 patients) of shorter versus longer antibiotic treatment for infections commonly complicated by bacteremia. (biomedcentral.com)
- In some endemic locations, such as India, 44% of throat and nasal swabs tested positive for C diphtheriae and Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum . (medscape.com)
- infection of the anterior nasal structures by corynebacterium diphtheriae. (icdlist.com)
- In addition to the acute risk for localized infection, human bites pose the potential for the transmission of systemic infections, which can be life threatening. (medscape.com)
- Nontoxigenic highly pathogenic clone of Corynebacterium diphtheriae , Poland, 2004-2012. (cdc.gov)
- Outbreak investigation for toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae wound infections in refugees from Northeast Africa and Syria in Switzerland and Germany by whole genome sequencing. (cdc.gov)
- wound infections), etc. (miami.edu)
- Further, this course addresses unique immune environments within the skin, such as the immune privilege of the hair follicle, and wound infection. (miami.edu)
- Wound dressing protects the body from secondary infection and prevents additional damage. (ship2world.co)
- [ 5 ] Today, the more common scenario is nondiphtherial corynebacterial bacteremia associated with device infections (venous access catheters, heart valves, neurosurgical shunts, peritoneal catheters), as well as meningitis , septic arthritis , and urinary tract infections. (medscape.com)
- Less common but more serious outcomes of UTI include kidney infection (pyelonephritis), bacteremia, and sepsis ( 1 , 7 ). (asm.org)
- A hemolytic Corynebacterium resembling Corynebacterium ovis and Corynebacterium pyogenes in man. (medscape.com)
- 1991). In fact, E. coli might increase the susceptibility of the endometrium to subsequent infection with A. pyogenes (Olson et al. (ufl.edu)
- We report on 17 isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae biotype mitis with related ribotypes from Switzerland, Germany, and France. (cdc.gov)
- Isolates came from skin and subcutaneous infections of injecting drug users, homeless persons, prisoners, and elderly orthopedic patients with joint prostheses or primary joint infections. (cdc.gov)
- Molecular characterization of Corynebacterium diphtheriae outbreak isolates, South Africa, March-June 2015. (cdc.gov)
- The causative organism associated with most cases is Corynebacterium tenuis, which favors warm and moist microenvironments. (medscape.com)
- The exanthem has been described only in patients with pharyngitis, not in patients with infection of other sites. (medscape.com)
- It usually develops 1-4 days after the pharyngitis, although occasionally, it is the initial manifestation of the infection. (medscape.com)
- Corynebacterium hemolyticum as a cause of pharyngitis and scarlatiniform rash in young adults. (medscape.com)
- The shot also has vaccine medicine for an infection called tetanus . (medlineplus.gov)
- a combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. (icdlist.com)
- 5] Samtoy B, DeBeukelaer MM. Ammonia encephalopathy secondary to urinary tract infection with Proteus mirabilis. (edu.pl)
- [ 2 ] Molecularly, it is suggested that the cellular susceptibility also is due to diphthamide modification, dependent on human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types predisposing to more severe infection. (medscape.com)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infectious conditions affecting people in the United States and around the world. (asm.org)
- IMPORTANCE Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an extremely common infectious condition affecting people throughout the world. (asm.org)
- certain localized infections Note: Categories for "late effects" of infectious and parasitic diseases are to be found at 137. (cdc.gov)
Symptoms of diphtheria1
- Symptoms of diphtheria often appear within two to five days after infection. (rnkhabri.com)
- Biting flies and gnats can induce hives, intense itching, hair loss, skin thickening, excoriations (abrasions) and skin ulceration that can predispose to secondary skin infection. (aaep.org)
- Individuals without evidence of clinical criteria as described by the diphtheria surveillance case definition but for whom toxin-producing Corynebacterium diphtheriae is confirmed via laboratory testing (isolation and toxigenicity testing by modified Elek test or other validated test capable of confirming toxin-production) should not be classified as cases. (cdc.gov)
Urinary tract inf3
- Hyperammonemic encephalopathy in urinary diversion with urea-splitting urinary tract infection. (edu.pl)
- 7] Albersen M, Joniau S, Van Poppel H, Cuyle PJ, Knockaert DC, Meersseman W. Urea-splitting urinary tract infection contributing to hyperammonemic encephalopathy. (edu.pl)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI) results in around 11 million physician visits, 1.7 million emergency room visits, and 470,000 hospitalizations, with an annual direct cost of ∼$3.5 billion in the United States ( 3 - 6 ). (asm.org)
- dangerous and exotic agents that pose a high individual risk of aerosol-transmitted laboratory infections and life-threatening disease that is frequently fatal, for which there are no vaccines or treatments, or a related agent with unknown risk of transmission. (absa.org)