Corynebacterium: A genus of asporogenous bacteria that is widely distributed in nature. Its organisms appear as straight to slightly curved rods and are known to be human and animal parasites and pathogens.Corynebacterium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CORYNEBACTERIUM.Corynebacterium glutamicum: A species of gram-positive, asporogenous, non-pathogenic, soil bacteria that produces GLUTAMIC ACID.Corynebacterium diphtheriae: A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria in which three cultural types are recognized. These types (gravis, intermedius, and mitis) were originally given in accordance with the clinical severity of the cases from which the different strains were most frequently isolated. This species is the causative agent of DIPHTHERIA.Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria that was originally isolated from necrotic areas in the kidney of a sheep. It may cause ulcerative lymphangitis, abscesses, and other chronic purulent infections in sheep, horses, and other warm-blooded animals. Human disease may form from contact with infected animals.Propionibacterium acnes: A bacteria isolated from normal skin, intestinal contents, wounds, blood, pus, and soft tissue abscesses. It is a common contaminant of clinical specimens, presumably from the skin of patients or attendants.Diphtheria: A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.Corynebacterium pyogenes: A species of CORYNEBACTERIUM isolated from abscesses of warm-blooded animals.Diphtheria Toxin: An ADP-ribosylating polypeptide produced by CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE that causes the signs and symptoms of DIPHTHERIA. It can be broken into two unequal domains: the smaller, catalytic A domain is the lethal moiety and contains MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASES which transfers ADP RIBOSE to PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTOR 2 thereby inhibiting protein synthesis; and the larger B domain that is needed for entry into cells.Brevibacterium: A gram-positive organism found in dairy products, fresh and salt water, marine organisms, insects, and decaying organic matter.Mycolic AcidsDNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Lymphadenitis: Inflammation of the lymph nodes.Diphtheria Antitoxin: An antitoxin produced against the toxin of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE that is used for the treatment of DIPHTHERIA.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Starch Phosphorylase: An enzyme of the PHOSPHORYLASES family that catalyzes the degradation of starch, a mixture of unbranched AMYLOSE and branched AMYLOPECTIN compounds. This phosphorylase from plants is the counterpart of GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE in animals that catalyzes the reaction of inorganic phosphate on the terminal alpha-1,4-glycosidic bond at the non-reducing end of glucans resulting in the release of glucose-1-phosphate.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Pyelitis: Inflammation of the KIDNEY PELVIS and KIDNEY CALICES where urine is collected before discharge, but does not involve the renal parenchyma (the NEPHRONS) where urine is processed.Cheese: A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Actinomycetales: An order of gram-positive, primarily aerobic BACTERIA that tend to form branching filaments.Josamycin: A macrolide antibiotic from Streptomyces narbonensis. The drug has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.Chromatium: A genus of gram-negative, ovoid to rod-shaped bacteria that is phototrophic. All species use ammonia as a nitrogen source. Some strains are found only in sulfide-containing freshwater habitats exposed to light while others may occur in marine, estuarine, and freshwater environments.Erythrasma: A chronic bacterial infection of major folds of the skin, caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum.Dictionaries, MedicalArcanobacterium: A genus of facultatively anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria in the family ACTINOMYCETACEAE, order ACTINOMYCETALES. They are obligate parasites of the PHARYNX in humans and farm animals.Actinomycetaceae: A family of bacteria including numerous parasitic and pathogenic forms.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Coagulase: Enzymes that cause coagulation in plasma by forming a complex with human PROTHROMBIN. Coagulases are produced by certain STAPHYLOCOCCUS and YERSINIA PESTIS. Staphylococci produce two types of coagulase: Staphylocoagulase, a free coagulase that produces true clotting of plasma, and Staphylococcal clumping factor, a bound coagulase in the cell wall that induces clumping of cells in the presence of fibrinogen.Foot Deformities: Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Leptothrix: A genus of gram-negative, sheathed, rod-shaped bacteria in the family COMAMONADACEAE.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)2,3-Diketogulonic Acid: Metabolite of ASCORBIC ACID and the oxidized form of the lactone DEHYDROASCORBIC ACID.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Equipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Catheters, Indwelling: Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.Cryptosporidium parvum: A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Sulfur: An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.BooksEndocarditis, Bacterial: Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.GermanyInjections, Intralesional: Injections introduced directly into localized lesions.Centrifugation: Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Mast-Cell Sarcoma: A unifocal malignant tumor that consists of atypical pathological MAST CELLS without systemic involvement. It causes local destructive growth in organs other than in skin or bone marrow.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Environmental Microbiology: The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.Gene Transfer, Horizontal: The naturally occurring transmission of genetic information between organisms, related or unrelated, circumventing parent-to-offspring transmission. Horizontal gene transfer may occur via a variety of naturally occurring processes such as GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; and TRANSFECTION. It may result in a change of the recipient organism's genetic composition (TRANSFORMATION, GENETIC).Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Agranulocytosis: A decrease in the number of GRANULOCYTES; (BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and NEUTROPHILS).Betaine: A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)Osmotic Pressure: The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.Succinic Acid: A water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851)Mannheimia: Genus of bacteria in the family PASTEURELLACEAE, comprising multiple species that do not ferment trehalose. Species include MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA; M. glucosida, M. granulomatis, M. ruminalis, and M. varigena.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.p-Fluorophenylalanine: 3-(p-Fluorophenyl)-alanine.Yersinia pseudotuberculosis: A human and animal pathogen causing mesenteric lymphadenitis, diarrhea, and bacteremia.Systems Biology: Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).Pharynx: A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).Propionibacterium: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose cells occur singly, in pairs or short chains, in V or Y configurations, or in clumps resembling letters of the Chinese alphabet. Its organisms are found in cheese and dairy products as well as on human skin and can occasionally cause soft tissue infections.Glutathione Peroxidase: An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 1.11.1.9.Lac Operon: The genetic unit consisting of three structural genes, an operator and a regulatory gene. The regulatory gene controls the synthesis of the three structural genes: BETA-GALACTOSIDASE and beta-galactoside permease (involved with the metabolism of lactose), and beta-thiogalactoside acetyltransferase.Monkeypox virus: A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS causing an epidemic disease among captive primates.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.LymphangitisProteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.

Corynebacterium terpenotabidum sp. nov., a bacterium capable of degrading squalene. (1/951)

The taxonomic status of Arthrobacter sp. Y-11T, which was described as a squalene-degrading bacterium, was investigated by chemotaxonomic and genetic methods. The strain possesses wall chemotype IV, MK-9(H2) as the predominant menaquinone, mycolic acids, and straight-chain, saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, with considerable amounts of tuberculostearic acid. The DNA G+C content is 67.5 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and quantitative DNA-DNA hybridization experiments provided strong evidence that strain Y-11T represents a new species within the genus Corynebacterium, for which the name Corynebacterium terpenotabidum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of C. terpenotabidum is strain Y-11T (= IFO 14764T).  (+info)

Identification of mechanosensitive ion channels in the cytoplasmic membrane of Corynebacterium glutamicum. (2/951)

Patch-clamp experiments performed on membrane fragments of Corynebacterium glutamicum fused into giant liposomes revealed the presence of two different stretch-activated conductances, 600 to 700 pS and 1,200 to 1,400 pS in 0.1 M KCl, that exhibited the same characteristics in terms of kinetics, ion selectivity, and voltage dependence.  (+info)

Sex differences in susceptibility of ICR mice to oral infection with Corynebacterium kutscheri. (3/951)

Sex difference in susceptibility to oral infection with Corynebacterium (C.) kutscheri was experimentally studied in ICR mice. Immature (4-week-old) and adult (14-week-old) mice were inoculated with two infecting doses of C. kutscheri, and necropsied for bacteriological and serological survey 4 weeks after the bacterial infection. No macroscopic lesions at necropsy were demonstrated, except for one adult male given 10(9) bacteria. In immature mice, C. Kutscheri isolated from the oral cavity and cecum with FNC agar, were recovered in only 40.0% of female mice but in 90.0% of male mice given 10(6) bacteria (p < 0.05), and in only 55.6% of female mice but in 80.0% male mice given 10(8) bacteria. In adult mice given 10(9) bacteria, the organism were recovered in only 45.5% of female mice but in 90.9% of male mice (p < 0.05), furthermore, the mean number of organisms in the cecum of male mice harboring the organism was significantly higher than that in females (p < 0.01). Castration caused an increase in host resistance in adult male mice. These results indicated that ICR male mice were more susceptible than females, in terms of bacterial colonization in the cecum and the oral cavity, to oral infection with C. kutscheri.  (+info)

Identification of nonlipophilic corynebacteria isolated from dairy cows with mastitis. (4/951)

Nonlipophilic corynebacteria associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis in dairy cows were found to belong to four species: Corynebacterium amycolatum, Corynebacterium ulcerans, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, and Corynebacterium minutissimum. These species may easily be confused. However, clear-cut differences between C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis were found in their acid production from maltotriose and ethylene glycol, susceptibility to vibriostatic agent O129, and alkaline phosphatase. Absence of growth at 20 degrees C and lack of alpha-glucosidase and 4MU-alpha-D-glycoside hydrolysis activity differentiated C. amycolatum from C. pseudotuberculosis and C. ulcerans. The mastitis C. pseudotuberculosis strains differed from the biovar equi and ovis reference strains and from caprine field strains in their colony morphologies and in their reduced inhibitory activity on staphylococcal beta-hemolysin. C. amycolatum was the most frequently isolated nonlipophilic corynebacterium.  (+info)

Cloning, sequence analysis, expression and inactivation of the Corynebacterium glutamicum pta-ack operon encoding phosphotransacetylase and acetate kinase. (5/951)

The Corynebacterium glutamicum ack and pta genes encoding the acetate-activating enzymes acetate kinase and phosphotransacetylase were isolated, subcloned on a plasmid and re-introduced into Corynebacterium glutamicum. Relative to the wild-type, the recombinant strains showed about tenfold higher specific activities of both enzymes. Sequence analysis of a 3657 bp DNA fragment revealed that the ack and pta genes are contiguous in the corynebacterial chromosome, with pta upstream and the last nucleotide of the pta stop codon (TAA) overlapping the first of the ack start codon (ATG). The predicted gene product of pta consists of 329 amino acids (Mr 35242), that of ack consists of 397 amino acids (Mr 43098) and the amino acid sequences of the two polypeptides show up to 60 % (phosphotransacetylase) and 53% (acetate kinase) identity in comparison with respective enzymes from other organisms. Northern (RNA) blot hybridizations using pta- and ack-specific probes and transcriptional cat fusion experiments revealed that the two genes are transcribed as a 2.5 kb bicistronic mRNA and that the expression of this operon is induced when Corynebacterium glutamicum grows on acetate instead of glucose as a carbon source. Directed inactivation of the chromosomal pta and ack genes led to the absence of detectable phosphotransacetylase and acetate kinase activity in the respective mutants and to their inability to grow on acetate. These data indicate that no isoenzymes of acetate kinase and phosphotransacetylase are present in Corynebacterium glutamicum and that a functional acetate kinase/phosphotransacetylase pathway is essential for growth of this organism on acetate.  (+info)

Expression of the Corynebacterium glutamicum panD gene encoding L-aspartate-alpha-decarboxylase leads to pantothenate overproduction in Escherichia coli. (6/951)

The Corynebacterium glutamicum panD gene was identified by functional complementation of an Escherichia coli panD mutant strain. Sequence analysis revealed that the coding region of panD comprises 411 bp and specifies a protein of 136 amino acid residues with a deduced molecular mass of 14.1 kDa. A defined C. glutamicum panD mutant completely lacked L-aspartate-alpha-decarboxylase activity and exhibited beta-alanine auxotrophy. The C. glutamicum panD (panDC. g.) as well as the E. coli panD (panDE.c.) genes were cloned into a bifunctional expression plasmid to allow gene analysis in C. glutamicum as well as in E. coli. The enhanced expression of panDC.g. in C. glutamicum resulted in the formation of two distinct proteins in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, leading to the assumption that the panDC.g. gene product is proteolytically processed into two subunits. By increased expression of panDC.g. in C. glutamicum, the activity of L-aspartate-alpha-decarboxylase was 288-fold increased, whereas the panDE.c. gene resulted only in a 4-fold enhancement. The similar experiment performed in E. coli revealed that panDC.g. achieved a 41-fold increase and that panDE.c. achieved a 3-fold increase of enzyme activity. The effect of the panDC.g. and panDE.c. gene expression in E. coli was studied with a view to pantothenate accumulation. Only by expression of the panDC.g. gene was sufficient beta-alanine produced to abolish its limiting effect on pantothenate production. In cultures expressing the panDE.c. gene, the maximal pantothenate production was still dependent on external beta-alanine supplementation. The enhanced expression of panDC.g. in E. coli yielded the highest amount of pantothenate in the culture medium, with a specific productivity of 140 ng of pantothenate mg (dry weight)-1 h-1.  (+info)

Microbiological degradation of bile acids. The conjugation of a certain cholic acid metabolite with amino acids in Corynebacterium equi. (7/951)

1. (4R)-4[4alpha-(2-Carboxyethyl)-3aalpha-hexahydro-7abeta-methyl-5-oxoindan-1beta-y l]valeric acid (II) could not be utilized by Arthrobacter simplex, even though the acid was one of the metabolites formed from cholic acid (I) by this organism. Therefore the further degradation of the acid (II) by Corynebacterium equi was investigated to identify the intermediates involved in the cholic acid degradation. 2. The organism, cultured in a medium containing the acid (II) as the sole source of carbon, produced unexpected metabolites, the conjugates of this original acid (II) with amino acids or their derivatives, although the yield was very low. These new metabolites were isolated and identified by chemical synthesis as the Na-((4R)-4-[4alpha-(2-carboxyethyl)-3a alpha-hexahydro-7a beta-methyl-5-oxoindan-1 beta-yl]-valeryl) derivatives of L-alanine, glutamic acid, O-acetylhomoserine and glutamine, i.e. compounds (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIId) respectively. 3. The possibility that the bacterial synthetic reaction observed in the acid (II) metabolism with C. equi is analogous to peptide conjugation known in both animals and higher plants is discussed. A possible mechanism for this bacterial conjugation is also considered.  (+info)

Site-specific integration of corynephage phi16: construction of an integration vector. (8/951)

Phi16, a temperate phage induced from Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 21792, lysogenizes its host via site-specific recombination. The phage attachment site, attP, was located to a 6.5 kb BamHI fragment of the phi16 genome. This fragment also contained phi16 integrative functions. The minimal phage DNA fragment required for integration was defined. This 1630 bp region contained a large open reading frame, int, encoding a protein of 416 amino acids with similarity in its carboxyl-terminal domain to tyrosine recombinases and particularly to the Xer recombinases. The comparison of the nucleotide sequences of attB, attL, attR, and attP identified a common 29 bp sequence, the core sequence. It lies 11 bp downstream of the 3' end of the integrase gene. phi16 integrase was shown to catalyse site-specific integration in trans to attP with an efficiency of 5x10(3) integrants per microg DNA. The integrating fragment catalysed integration in several Corynebacterium strains that are not infected by phi16, thus enlarging the host spectrum of integrating vectors derived from phi16. In these strains, the phi16 attB site was located in a conserved intergenic region and lies downstream of a clp gene.  (+info)

*Corynebacterium

afermentans Corynebacterium auris Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Corynebacterium propinquum Corynebacterium uropygiale ... Corynebacterium xerosis and Corynebacterium striatum Corynebacterium minutissimum Corynebacterium amycolatum Corynebacterium ... lipophilum Corynebacterium accolens Corynebacterium macginleyi CDC coryneform groups F-1 and G Corynebacterium bovis ... glucuronolyticum Corynebacterium argentoratense Corynebacterium matruchotii Corynebacterium glutamicum Corynebacterium sp. ...

*Corynebacterium matruchotii

... is a species of bacteria in the genus Corynebacterium. Corynebacteria occur within the normal flora ... Corynebacterium matruchotii are Gram positive bacilli with long filaments and short, thick terminal ends. C. matruchotii is a ... "Corynebacterium". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Paster, B. J.; Boches, S ... Type strain of Corynebacterium matruchotii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Corynebacterium efficiens

... , Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium jeikeium deduced from the complete genome sequences ... Corynebacterium efficiens at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Corynebacterium efficiens at BacDive - the Bacterial ... "Genomic analyses of transporter proteins in Corynebacterium glutamicum and Corynebacterium efficiens". In Eggeling, Lothar; ... Handbook of Corynebacterium glutamicum. pp. 149-86. ISBN 978-1-4200-3969-6. Zhang, R.; Zhang, C.-T. (2005). "Genomic Islands in ...

*Corynebacterium jeikeium

... is a rod-shaped, catalase-positive, aerobic species of actinobacteria in the genus Corynebacterium. C ... Parte, A.C. "Corynebacterium". www.bacterio.net. Rosato AE, Lee BS, Nash KA (July 2001). "Inducible macrolide resistance in ... Type strain of Corynebacterium jeikeium at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... July 2005). "Complete genome sequence and analysis of the multiresistant nosocomial pathogen Corynebacterium jeikeium K411, a ...

*Corynebacterium diphtheriae

... is the scientific name for the disease diphtheria. Corynebacterium diptheriae is a rod-shaped, Gram ... The exotoxin of Corynebacterium diptheriae is absorbed in the blood which in turn kills, heart, kidney, and nerve cells by ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria. It is also known as the Klebs-Löffler bacillus ... Sangal, V; Tucker, N. P.; Burkovski, A; Hoskisson, P. A. (2012). "The draft genome sequence of Corynebacterium diphtheriae bv. ...

*Corynebacterium glutamicum

... is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria which is used industrially for large-scale production of ... Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 14067 was previously known as Brevibacterium flavum. List of sequenced bacterial genomes ... Type strain of Corynebacterium glutamicum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... 4 September 2003). "The complete Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 genome sequence and its impact on the production of l- ...

*Corynebacterium urealyticum

... is a bacterial species of the Corynebacterium genus. It is not commonly found in healthy people. It ... ISBN 978-0-323-08692-9. Type strain of Corynebacterium urealyticum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... as Corynebacterium urealyticum sp. nov". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 42 (1): 178-181. doi:10.1099/ ...

*Corynebacterium ulcerans

... is a rod-shaped, aerobic, and gram-positive bacteria. Most Corynebacterium are harmless but some cause ... Type strain of Corynebacterium ulcerans at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... Sing, A; Bierschenk, S; Heesemann, J (2005). "Classical Diphtheria Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans in Germany: Amino Acid ... Bernar, Kathryn (2012). "The Genus Corynebacterium and Other Medically Relevant Coryneform-Like Bacteria". Journal of Clinical ...

*Corynebacterium uropygiale

... are fastidious club-shaped Gram-positive rods which assemble in palisades and V-shape-like patterns ... Corynebacterium uropygiale grows on complex media supplemented with monounsaturated fatty acids (e. g. Lysogeny Broth (LB) agar ... Corynebacterium uropygiale is a bacterium described in 2016 following thorough investigations using a polyphasic approach ... Markus Santhosh Braun, Stefan Zimmermann, Maria Danner, Harun-or Rashid, Michael Wink, Corynebacterium uropygiale sp. nov., ...

*Corynebacterium bovis

... is a pathogenic bacterium that causes mastitis and pyelonephritis in cattle. C. bovis is a facultatively ... Type strain of Corynebacterium bovis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ...

*Corynebacterium macginleyi

... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Corynebacterium macginleyi at BacDive - the ... Corynebacterium macginleyi is a species of bacteria with type strain JCL-2 (CIP 104099). It is considered pathogenic. Riegel, P ... Dias, Meena; Rao, Suresh D.; Shet, Dinesh (2010). "Corynebacterium macginleyi'a rare bacteria causing infection in an ... Funke, Guido; Pagano-Niederer, Maja; Bernauer, Wolfgang (1998). "Corynebacterium macginleyi has to date been isolated ...

*Corynebacterium renale

... is a pathogenic bacterium that causes cystitis and pyelonephritis in cattle. C. renale is a ... Type strain of Corynebacterium renale at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... A case study with Corynebacterium renale, a multiple cryptic plasmid containing strain". Plasmid. 65 (2): 110-117. ...

*Corynebacterium amycolatum

Corynebacterium endocarditis usually infects the left side of the heart in males, though C. amycolatum has shown a predilection ... Corynebacterium amycolatum is a Gram-positive, nonspore-forming, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacillus capable of ... One of its best known relatives is Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the causative agent of diphtheria. C. amycolatum is a common ... Type strain of Corynebacterium amycolatum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ...

*Corynebacterium granulosum

... is a bacterium that may stimulate the immune system to fight cancer. Corynebacterium granulosum ...

*Corynebacterium minutissimum

... is a species of Corynebacterium associated with erythrasma, a type of skin rash. It can be ... Dalal A, Likhi R (January 2008). "Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteremia and meningitis: a case report and review of ... ISBN 0-323-01319-8. Type strain of Corynebacterium minutissimum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology ...

*Group JK corynebacterium sepsis

... is a form of sepsis which occurs when the bacterium Corynebacterium jeikeium colonizes the skin ...

*Hypothiocyanite

Corynebacterium xerosis • Enterobacter cloacae • Escherichia coli • Haemophilus influenzae • Helicobacter Pylori • Klebsiella ...

*Lipophilic bacteria

For example, some Corynebacteria, such as Corynebacterium uropygiale, lost their ability to produce certain fatty acids by ... Braun, Markus Santhosh; Zimmermann, Stefan; Danner, Maria; Rashid, Harun-or; Wink, Michael (2016). "Corynebacterium uropygiale ... "Postoperative Corynebacterium macginleyi endophthalmitis". Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery. 30 (11): 2441-4. doi: ...

*Wild turkey

In contrast to the majority of other birds, they are colonized by bacteria of unknown function (Corynebacterium uropygiale). ... Braun, Markus Santhosh; Zimmermann, Stefan; Danner, Maria; Rashid, Harun-or; Wink, Michael (2016). "Corynebacterium uropygiale ...

*Uropygial gland

"Corynebacterium uropygiale sp. nov., isolated from the preen gland of Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo)". Systematic and Applied ... Enterococcus phoeniculicola and Corynebacterium uropygiale). Some of those bacteria add to the antimicrobial properties of ...

*Dalbavancin

Other Gram-positive organisms belonging to the Bacillus spp., Listeria spp., and Corynebacterium spp. may show in vitro ...

*Black stork

A new species of Corynebacterium-C. ciconiae-has been isolated from the trachea of healthy black storks, and is thought to be ... "Corynebacterium ciconiae sp. nov., isolated from the trachea of black storks (Ciconia nigra)" (PDF). International Journal of ...

*Nocardia

"Corynebacterium and Related Genera." Lecture to 2nd Year Medical Students at University of Mississippi Medical Center. 10/04/05 ...

*Erythrasma

Corynebacterium minutissimum survives the best here due to the encouraged fungal growth in these regions and allows it to ... Corynebacterium minutissimum is the bacteria that causes this infection, often club shaped rods when observed under a ... It is caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum, a normal part of skin flora (the microorganisms that are normally present on the ... Corynebacterium minutissimum consumes carbohydrates such as glucose, dextrose, sucrose, maltose, and mannitol. Erythrasma ...

*Anguina agrostis

The Anguina-Corynebacterium Association. Pages 303-323 in: Plant Parasitic Nematodes, B.M. Zuckerman and R.A. Rohde, eds. ... formerly Corynebacterium rathayi) to cause annual ryegrass toxicity in Australia. A. agrostis infects bentgrasses within the ...
Corynebacterium amycolatum is a Gram-positive, nonspore-forming, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacillus capable of fermentation with propionic acid as the major end product of its glucose metabolism. One of its best known relatives is Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the causative agent of diphtheria. C. amycolatum is a common component of the natural flora found on human skin and mucous membranes, and as such, is often disregarded by physicians as a contaminant when found in blood cultures. However, C. amycolatum is actually an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing serious human disease such as endocarditis and sepsis. First described in 1988, C. amycolatum is one of the diphtheroids most often isolated from clinical samples. However, it is often difficult to differentiate from other fermentative corynebacteria such as C. minutissimum and C. xerosis, both of which are known human pathogens. One method of differentiation, however, is by observing the cell wall. Unlike other members of this ...
Corynebacterium macginleyi is a species of bacteria with type strain JCL-2 (CIP 104099). It is considered pathogenic. Riegel, P.; Ruimy, R.; De Briel, D.; PReVOST, G.; Jehl, F.; Christen, R.; Monteil, H. (1995). "Genomic Diversity and Phylogenetic Relationships among Lipid-Requiring Diphtheroids from Humans and Characterization of Corynebacterium macginleyi sp. nov". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 45 (1): 128-133. doi:10.1099/00207713-45-1-128. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 7857793. Joussen, A. M (2000). "Corynebacterium macginleyi: a conjunctiva specific pathogen". British Journal of Ophthalmology. 84 (12): 1420-1422. doi:10.1136/bjo.84.12.1420. ISSN 0007-1161. Funke, Guido; Pagano-Niederer, Maja; Bernauer, Wolfgang (1998). "Corynebacterium macginleyi has to date been isolated exclusively from conjunctival swabs". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 36 (12): 3670-3673. Dias, Meena; Rao, Suresh D.; Shet, Dinesh (2010). "Corynebacterium macginleyia rare bacteria causing infection in an ...
An increasing body of evidence indicates that nondiphtheria corynebacteria may be responsible for respiratory tract infections. We report an outbreak of Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). To identify 18 C. pseudodiphtheriticum strains isolated from 13 French children with CF, we used molecular methods (partial rpoB gene sequencing) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. Clinical symptoms were exhibited by 10 children (76.9%), including cough, rhinitis, and lung exacerbations. The results of MALDI-TOF identification matched perfectly with those obtained from molecular identification. Retrospective analysis of sputum specimens by using specific real-time PCR showed that ≈20% of children with CF were colonized with these bacteria, whereas children who did not have CF had negative test results. Our study reemphasizes the conclusion that correctly identifying bacteria at the species level facilitates
Free Online Library: Nosocomial endocarditis caused by Corynebacterium amycolatum and other nondiphtheriae corynebacteria. (Dispatches). by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Cross infection Causes of Drug resistance in microorganisms Research Endocarditis Microbial drug resistance Nosocomial infections Pathogenic microorganisms
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum ATCC ® BAA-732™ Designation: Vitek #12653 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain
More specific detection methods in recent years have allowed further investigation of the coryneform bacterias.C macginleyi was first identified in 1995 by Riegel et al 5-7 during investigations on lipophilic corynebacteria. It has been uniquely isolated from ocular surfaces. The first 18 cases ofC macginleyi conjunctivitis have been detected in Switzerland.8 Within the recent past we found in 10 patients 13 cases of C macginleyiconjunctivitis in Germany, indicating that the presence of this micro-organism is not geographically limited.. Thiel et al report on increasing percentage of patients positive for corynebacteria.10 11 We found in our patients 18.7% Staphylococcus aureus, 12.1% Corynebacterium macginleyi, and 8.4%Haemophilus influenzae. Fahmiet al, however, found coagulase negative staphylococci in 82% and corynebacteria in 58% of their mainly elderly patients.12 In our study group we foundC macginleyi predominantly in middle aged patients without any preference regarding sex. This is in ...
Corynebacterium minutissimum: …and attributed to the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The lesions are generally seen on the inner sides of the thighs, in the scrotum, in the toe webs, and in the armpits. Erythrasma is more likely to occur in a warm climate. It is usually effectively treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, but (on…
Corynebacterium minutissimum symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Corynebacterium minutissimum (Erythrasma) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
1. The major free lipids of Corynebacterium aquaticum were characterized as dimannosyl diglyceride, monomannophosphoinositide and phosphatidylethanolamine. Bisphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol were also tentatively identified. 2. We regard this as the only well-documented case of an organism containing monomannophosphoinositide to the exclusion of dimannophosphoinositides and the higher homologues. 3. The co-existence of the two mannolipids in one organism is a distinctive feature. So also is the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine in a corynebacterium. 4. The monomannophosphoinositide apparently does not utilize phosphatidylinositol as a precursor, unlike the monomannophosphoinositide of Propionibacterium shermanii. CDP-diglyceride may be necessary for its synthesis.. ...
Author: S. MATHAVI, A.V. RAGHAVENDRA RAO, A. KAVITHA, G. SASIKALA, INDRA PRIYADHARSINI. Category: Microbiology. [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Introduction: Coryneform or the nondiphtherial Corynebacterium species remains a neglected group as contaminants. Theseorganisms havebeen associated with invasive disease, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Species like Corynebacterium amycolatum, Corynebacterium jeikeium , Corynebacterium minutissimum and Corynebacterium urealyticum are reported with increasing frequency. An alarming rate of antibiotic resistance is also documented among such organisms. Aim and Objective: This study was done to find out the various species of clinically relevant Coryneforms and to determine their antibiogram.. Materials and Methods: A total of 857 clinical samples (Pus, wound swab, urine, blood, sputum and catheter tips) received in the Microbiology department during January 2013 to October 2013 were included in the study. They were subjected to Grams staining and ...
Specific bacterial commensals demonstrating multidrug resistance (MDR) are opportunistic pathogens for immunocompromised patients, including Corynebacterium species (spp.). Severe infections due to MDR corynebacteria are being increasingly reported where several MDR phenotypes have been described. One such phenotype, the macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B phenotype (MLSB), is characterized by high-level resistance to macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramin B. Resistance is thought to be attributable to acquisition of the ermX gene, a methyltransferase that alters the ribosomal macrolide binding site. Until recently, ermX had been reported in only six Corynebacterium spp. We have observed other corynebacteria can also display high-level resistance to MLSB antimicrobials and are ermX positive. Hypotheses being tested include: 1) high-level macrolide and lincosamide resistance in Corynebacterium spp. is caused by acquiring ermX; 2) distribution of ermX is more widespread than previously ...
Background: Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans can cause a diphtheria-like illness in humans and have been found in domestic animals, which were suspected to serve as reservoirs for a zoonotic transmission. Additionally, toxigenic C. ulcerans were reported to take over the leading role in causing diphtheria in the last years in many industrialized countries. Methods: To gain deeper insights into the tox gene locus and to understand the transmission pathway in detail, we analyzed nine isolates derived from human patients and their domestic animals applying next generation sequencing and comparative genomics. Results: We provide molecular evidence for zoonotic transmission of C. ulcerans in four cases and demonstrate the superior resolution of next generation sequencing compared to multi-locus sequence typing for epidemiologic research. Additionally, we provide evidence that the virulence of C. ulcerans can change rapidly by acquisition of novel virulence genes. This mechanism is exemplified by an ...
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Corynebacterium renale ATCC ® 19412™ Designation: NCTC 7448 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain Quality control for API Coryne
Corynebacterium jeikeium, a resident of human skin, is often associated with multidrug resistant nosocomial infections in immunodepressed patients. C. jeikeium K411 belongs to mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes, the mycolata and contains a channel-forming protein as judged from reconstitution experiments with artificial lipid bilayer experiments. The channel-forming protein was present in detergent treated cell walls and in extracts of whole cells using organic solvents. A gene coding for a 40 amino acid long polypeptide possibly responsible for the pore-forming activity was identified in the known genome of C. jeikeium by its similar chromosomal localization to known porH and porA genes of other Corynebacterium strains. The gene jk0268 was expressed in a porin deficient Corynebacterium glutamicum strain. For purification temporarily histidine-tailed or with a GST-tag at the N-terminus, the homogeneous protein caused channel-forming activity with an average conductance of 1.25 nS in 1M KCl ...
Catalyzes the oxidation of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate to 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate and then the hydrolysis of 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate to 10-formyltetrahydrofolate.
Data on 6,500 pesticides, insecticides and herbicides including toxicity, water pollution, ecological toxicity, uses and regulatory status.
Saltanat, N., Hossain, Alamgir and Alam, Muhammad (2010) An efficient pixel value based mapping scheme to delineate pectoral muscle from mammograms. In: IEEE Fifth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications, 23-26 September 2010, Changsha, China. Sangal, Vartul, Nieminen, Leena, Weinhardt, Barbara, Raeside, Janice, Tucker, Nicholas, Florea, Catalina-Diana, Pollock, Kevin and Hoskisson, Paul (2014) Diphtheria-like disease caused by Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans strain. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20 (7). pp. 1257-1258. ISSN 1080-6059 Sarac, Ferdi and Seker, Huseyin (2016) An instance selection framework for mining data streams to predict antibody-feature function relationships on RV144 HIV vaccine recipients. In: Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC). IEEE, 003356-003361. ISBN 9781509018970 Sarac, Ferdi, Uslan, Volkan, Seker, Huseyin and Bouridane, Ahmed (2016) A supervised feature selection framework ...
Glycolysis is the process of converting glucose into pyruvate and generating small amounts of ATP (energy) and NADH (reducing power). It is a central pathway that produces important precursor metabolites: six-carbon compounds of glucose-6P and fructose-6P and three-carbon compounds of glycerone-P, glyceraldehyde-3P, glycerate-3P, phosphoenolpyruvate, and pyruvate [MD:M00001]. Acetyl-CoA, another important precursor metabolite, is produced by oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate [MD:M00307]. When the enzyme genes of this pathway are examined in completely sequenced genomes, the reaction steps of three-carbon compounds from glycerone-P to pyruvate form a conserved core module [MD:M00002], which is found in almost all organisms and which sometimes contains operon structures in bacterial genomes. Gluconeogenesis is a synthesis pathway of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors. It is essentially a reversal of glycolysis with minor variations of alternative paths [MD:M00003 ...
«Corynebacterium» Corynebacterium is a genus of Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria. They are widely distributed in nature and are mostly innocuous. Some are useful ...
Genomics: Corynebacterium diphtheriae: chromosome 2,488,635 bp; 2320 predicted ORFs (Cerdeno-Tarraga et al. 2003) Cell morphology: Rod-shaped cells; irregular, club-shaped ( Coryne), or V-shaped...
Thermo Scientific™ Culti-Loops™ are ready-to-use QC organisms recommended for use in performance testing of media, stains, reagents and identification kits, and for the evaluation of bacteriological procedures.
ATCC <- F. Soriano, 1 (Corynebacterium group D2). [Armendariz]. Bladder stone. Type strain. Taxonomy/description (4618, 4640). Sequence accession no. complete genome: AM942444. Murein: A31 (4640). (Medium 535a, 37°C or Medium 693, 37°C ...
Sepsis with a previously undescribed species of Corynebacterium was documented in four patients. All patients had predisposing illness at the time of infection, three patients having leukemia in relapse and one having a porencephalic cyst and a ventriculoatrial shunt. The isolates from blood cultures had a characteristic metallic sheen when grown on blood agar. They were resistant to most antibiotics tested, including the penicillins, but were uniformly sensitive to vancomycin. Common biochemical characteristics, the metallic sheen, and the unusual antibiotic sensitivity pattern suggest that these isolates comprise a new species or group of closely related species of Corynebacterium that is capable of infection in man. ...
Corynebacterium argentoratense is part of the human skin microbiota and is occasionally detected in the upper respiratory tract of patients suffering from tonsillitis. The complete DNA sequence of the type strain DSM 44202 comprises 2,031,902 bp, yielding the smallest genome sequenced thus far for a corynebacterium associated with humans. ...
Cutaneous microbiota is extremely diverse. Its composition varies according to the cutaneous zone and between individuals, and its imbalance is associated with skin diseases.. Cutaneous microbiota is particularly complex, with extremely significant inter- and intra-individual variations1. It is composed of a set of microorganisms, bacteria, yeasts, viruses, and parasites. At least 19 major families of bacteria have been identified: the primary ones are Actinobacteria (Corynebacterium, etc.), Firmicutes (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, etc.) and Proteobacteria (Acinetobacter, etc.)1,2. Among the bacterial strains present on healthy skin, the primary ones found are Corynebacterium jeikeium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis3. Microbiota composition varies based on the location, ranging from 100 microorganisms per cm2 on the back or the tips of the fingers to 106 on the forehead or in the armpits2.. This microbiota develops from birth, as a result of the ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
However I took about 18 of these samples and streaked them onto blood agar. After 24hrs the growth rates were very mixed. 3 had excellent growth and were all IDed as corynebacterium spp. The other 15 had very little growth and only one of these had enough growth for a full ID. This one came off as Clostridium ...
Kata Wikipedia, MSG adalah bentuk garam natrium dari asam glutamat. Asam glutamat sendiri termasuk golongan asam amino nonesensial. US FDA (BPOM-nya Amerika) memasukkan MSG dalam golongan Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS), sedangkan Uni Eropa menggolongkannya sebagai tambahan makanan alias food additive. Reputasi buruk MSG dimulai sejak tahun 60-an, ketika beberapa artikel dalam berkala ilmiah melaporkan temuan adanya kerusakan otak dan obesitas yang terkait pemberian MSG pada mencit dan monyet. Satu dekade kemudian muncul beberapa laporan yang meng-counter temuan tersebut. Penelitian selanjutnya membuktikan bahwa efek kerusakan otak akibat pemberian MSG hanya terjadi pada kelompok rodensia, seperti tikus dan mencit, saja. Informasi-informasi ini bisa dibaca di laman googlescholar.. Saat ini MSG diproduksi dengan menggunakan teknologi fermentasi, biasanya menggunakan bantuan bakteri Corynebacterium sp dengan substrat berbagai jenis gula, mulai dari gula bit hingga molase tebu sisa produksi ...
We report the complete genome sequence of Corynebacterium vitaeruminis DSM 20294(T) which was identified as the producer of B vitamins in the rumen of cows. The genome of C. vitaeruminis DSM 20294(T) consists of a single replicon, the chromosome with a size of 2,931,780 bp and a G+C content of 65.53%. The genome encodes for 2,580 protein coding genes, among them those for a complete pathway to synthesize biotin. ...
This post explores the Corynebacterium, a large group of mostly harmless bacteria that holds some surprises. Included is a demonstrated means of removal.
Genomic diversity among Corynebacterium jeikeium strains and comparison with biochemical characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibilities ...
Wehmeier, L, Brockmann-Gretza, O, Pisabarro, A, Tauch, Andreas, Pühler, Alfred, Martin, JF, and Kalinowski, Jörn. "A Corynebacterium glutamicum mutant with a defined deletion within the rpIK gene is impaired in (p)ppGpp accumulation upon amino acid starvation". Microbiology 147 (2001): 691-700 ...
ID A0A075TZV8_9CORY Unreviewed; 570 AA. AC A0A075TZV8; DT 29-OCT-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 29-OCT-2014, sequence version 1. DT 27-SEP-2017, entry version 25. DE RecName: Full=Chromosomal replication initiator protein DnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000577}; GN Name=dnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377}; GN ORFNames=CATYP_00005 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AIG63362.1}; OS Corynebacterium atypicum. OC Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Corynebacteriales; Corynebacteriaceae; OC Corynebacterium. OX NCBI_TaxID=191610 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AIG63362.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000028504}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AIG63362.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000028504} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=R2070 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AIG63362.1, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000028504}; RA Tippelt A., Mollmann S., Albersmeier A., Jaenicke S., Ruckert C., RA Tauch A.; RT "Complete genome sequence of Corynebacterium atypicum DSM 44849: RT identifiction of the mycolic acid ...
Many studies have highlighted the importance of body site and individuality in shaping the composition of the human skin microbiome, but we still have a poor understanding of how extrinsic (e.g., lifestyle) and intrinsic (e.g., age) factors influence its composition. We characterized the bacterial microbiomes of North American volunteers at four skin sites and the mouth. We also collected extensive subject metadata and measured several... ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
void:inDataset: http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/void.ttl#Agrovoc. Created: 2011-11-20T20:02:53Z. Last modified: 2011-11-20T20:02:53Z. skos:notation: 1913 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Valutazione delle complicanze precoci del trapianto renale. Qualè lutilità del Doppler-duplex nella diagnosi del rigetto acuto?. AU - Zompatori, M.. AU - Gavelli, G.. AU - Bernasconi, A.. AU - Scolari, M. P.. AU - DArcangelo, G. L.. AU - Raimondi, C.. AU - Rimondi, M. R.. PY - 1991/5. Y1 - 1991/5. N2 - The authors studied with duplex-Doppler US 28 renal transplant recipients in 31 clinically different episodes, during the early postoperative period. Morphological data were thus obtained, as well as hemodynamic information. According to the literature on the subject, a pulsatility index (PI) greater than 1.5 was considered as abnormal. US diagnosis was retrospectively compared with final clinical diagnosis and with response to therapy. In one case, the kidney was surgically removed. We evaluated US sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of acute rejection with real-time US, Doppler alone and combined with duplex. A PI greater than or equal to 1.5 corresponded to acute ...
Die renale Adysplasie ist die schwerste Form der Fehlbildungen im Urogentialbereich (CAKUT). Das Spektrum reicht von bilateraler Aplasie (meist letal) über unilaterale Aplasie mit kontralateraler Hyposdysplasie bis hin zu den schweren angeborenen Obstruktionen im Harntrakt. Gelegentlich sind neben der Niere auch andere Urogenitalorgane mit Fehlbildungen betroffen.. ...
Mandell LA, levitra harga Wunderink RG, Anzueto A, et al? And so this leaves us with one important message: we need to talk about this stuff because there is no way of knowing for sure how someone feels or what they want! The crude material was purified on a C-18 Luna column using a 10-30% organic gradient (CH 3CN with 01% TFA and water with 01% TFA). Utilizarea in afectiuni renale: Doza de Valtrex trebuie modificata la pacientii cu afectare semnificativa a functiei renale (vezi dozajul in afectiuni renale)? Начальная asthalin ax syrup price temperamentally дозировка - 25-50 мг на ночь для взрослых! Hershey AD, Powers SW, Vockell ALB, LeCates SL, Kabbouche MA, Maynard MK. Im Blutserum steigen dadurch die Spiegel von γ-Butyrobetain (GBB), einer Vorstufe von Carnitin! The aqueous layer was then extracted with 6×200 ml of ethyl acetate before the aqueous was poured onto [2598 g;308M] of sodium hydrogen carbonate containing 300 ml of n-butanol? People typically ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for C4LJR0 (YBEY_CORK4), Endoribonuclease YbeY. Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii (strain DSM 44385 / JCM 11950 / CIP 105744 /CCUG 35717)
NORM-atlas gir tilgang til databasen i NORM for utvalgte bakteriearter og antibiotika over tid og fordelt på regioner. Verktøyet fremstiller norske resistensdata for ulike kliniske prøvematerialer, enten som andel resistente mikrober (R) eller samlet andel mikrober med resistens og intermediær følsomhet (R + I). Resistente mikrober (R) kan ikke behandles med det aktuelle antibiotikum. Mikrober som er intermediært følsomme (I) er forandret i forhold til villtypen, men kan fortsatt behandles dersom man bruker en høyere dose eller det aktuelle antibiotikum har en høy konsentrasjon på infeksjonsstedet. Andel med resistens og intermediær følsomhet (R + I) uttrykker samlet resistensutvikling ...
Højst 1 isolat pr. salmonellaserovar pr. år fra samme epidemiologiske enhed må indgå i overvågningen. For æglæggende høner, slagtekyllinger og kalkuner udgør flokken den epidemiologiske enhed. For svin udgør bedriften den epidemiologiske enhed.. 2. Antal isolater, der skal testes. Antallet af salmonellaisolater, der skal indgå i overvågningen af antimikrobiel resistens pr. medlemsstat pr. år, er 170 for hver undersøgt population (dvs. æglæggende høner, slagtekyllinger, kalkuner og slagtesvin).. I medlemsstater, hvor der ved overvågnings- eller bekæmpelsesprogrammerne i et givet år tilvejebringes et lavere antal isolater end den tilstræbte stikprøvestørrelse, skal alle disse isolater indgå i overvågningen af antimikrobiel resistens.. I medlemsstater, hvor der tilvejebringes et højere antal isolater, indgår alle isolater eller et repræsentativt, tilfældigt udsnit, der mindst svarer til den tilstræbte stikprøvestørrelse.. 3. Test for antimikrobiel følsomhed. Som ...
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Hydrochlorthiazid hæmmer reabsorptionen af natrium og chlorid i de renale tubuli, hvilket medfører en øget, dosisafhængig udskillelse af natrium og vand. Natriuresen medfører en sekundær udskillelse af kalium og hydrogencarbonat. Den blodtryksænkende virkning skyldes initialt en reduktion i plasmavolumen og dermed i slagvolumen. Ved fortsat behandling skyldes blodtryksænkningen hovedsagelig et fald i den totale perifere vaskulære resistens ...
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... : ciuperca terapeutica, afectiuni renale, proceduri chirurgicale, dermatita atopica, baza de tratament, probleme dermatologice, scaderea in greutate, tratamentul ridurilor, nivelul colesterolului, afectiuni...
The surface (S)-layer gene region of the Gram-positive bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 14067 was identified on fosmid clones, sequenced and compared with the genome sequence of C. glutamicum ATCC 13032, whose cell surface is devoid of an ordered S-layer lattice. A 5-97 kb DNA region that is absent from the C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 chromosome was identified. This region includes cspB, the structural gene encoding the S-layer protomer PS2, and six additional coding sequences. PCR experiments demonstrated that the respective DNA region is conserved in different C. glutamicum wild-type strains capable of S-layer formation. The DNA region is flanked by a 7 bp direct repeat, suggesting that illegitimate recombination might be responsible for gene loss in C. glutamicum ATCC 13032. Transfer of the cloned cspB gene restored the PS2(-) phenotype of C. glutamicum ATCC 13032, as confirmed by visualization of the PS2 proteins by SDS-PAGE and imaging of ordered hexagonal S-layer lattices on living ...
Diphtheria toxin (DT) is produced by toxigenic strains of the human pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheriae as well as zoonotic C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis. Toxigenic strains may cause severe respiratory diphtheria, myocarditis, neurological damage or cutaneous diphtheria. The DT encoding tox gene is located in a mobile genomic region and tox variability between C. diphtheriae and C. ulcerans has been postulated based on sequences of a few isolates. In contrast, species-specific sequence analysis of the diphtheria toxin repressor gene (dtxR), occurring both in toxigenic and non-toxigenic Corynebacterium species, has not been done yet. We used whole genome sequencing data from 91 toxigenic and 46 non-toxigenic isolates of different pathogenic Corynebacterium species of animal or human origin to elucidate differences in extracted DT, DtxR and tox-surrounding genetic elements by a phylogenetic analysis in a large sample set. Sequences of both DT and DtxR, extracted from whole genome sequencing data,
The genus Corynebacterium is composed of Gram-positive bacteria that are widely distributed throughout the environment; these bacteria are also part of the normal microbiota of human skin and mucous membranes. Multiple studies have shown that species of this genus, including C. striatum, become pathogenic to humans under special conditions. Our aim was to determine the characteristics of clinical multiresistant strains of C. striatum that were isolated in our geographical region, to determine their diversity, and to compare them with the type strain and with related species. We studied fifty-two strains of C. striatum isolated from different hospitals from Mallorca, Spain, mainly from the Hospital Joan March in Bunyola, Mallorca. Most of the strains were isolated from sputum cultures of respiratory samples from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To gain further insight into the genetic diversity of the strains, we analysed several housekeeping genes and other genes associated with
Looking for Corynebacterium parvum? Find out information about Corynebacterium parvum. A genus of gram-positive, straight or slightly curved rods in the coryneform group of bacteria; club-shaped swellings are common; includes human and animal... Explanation of Corynebacterium parvum
The secondary glycine-betaine transporter BetP is one of four osmoregulated carriers, which mediate the import of compatible solutes in the Gram-positive soil bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum under hyperosmotic conditions. BetP serves both as an osmosensor and osmoregulator. Thus the protein has the ability to sense osmotic stress and to regulate its catalytic activity in dependence of the given stress situation. Investigations in proteoliposomes had shown that an elevated internal K+ concentration is the specific stimulus for BetP activation in vitro. In this work a stimulus for an osmosensor identified in vitro could be verified in vivo for the first time, as it was shown that BetP activity depends also in living cell on the presence of potassium. However, the in vivo measurements indicated that beyond K+ a second stimulus is required for osmoresponsive BetP-activation in living cells. It was known that the cytoplasmic C-terminal BetP-domain is essential for potassium sensing. Using ...
The function of starch phosphorylase has long been debated on the regulation of starch metabolism during the growth and development of plants. In this study, we isolated starch phosphorylase genes (Pho1 and Pho2) from barley, characterized their gene and protein structures, predicated their promoters cis-elements and analyzed expression patterns. Multiple alignments of these genes showed that (1) both Pho1 and Pho2 genes possess 15 exons and 14 introns in all but three of the species analyzed, Aegilops tauschii (for Pho1 which contains 16 exons and 15 introns), potato (for Pho1b which contains 14 exons and 13 introns), and Triticum uraru (for Pho2 which contains 15 exons and 14 introns); (2) the exon-intron junctions of Pho1 and Pho2 flanking the ligand-binding sites are more conservative than the other regions. Analysis of protein sequences revealed that Pho1 and Pho2 were highly homologous except for two regions, the N terminal domain and the L78 insertion region. The results of real-time ...
Resistance to arsenite (As(III)) by cells is generally accomplished by arsenite efflux permeases from Acr3 or ArsB unrelated families. We analyzed the function of three Acr3 proteins from Corynebacterium glutamicum, CgAcr3-1, CgAcr3-2, and CgAcr3-3. CgAcr3-1 conferred the highest level of As(III) resistance and accumulation in vivo. CgAcr3-1 was also the most active when everted membranes vesicles from Escherichia coli or C. glutamicum mutants were assayed for efflux with different energy sources. As(III) and antimonite (Sb(III)) resistance and accumulation studies using E. coli or C. glutamicum arsenite permease mutants clearly show that CgAcr3-1 is specific for As(III). In everted membrane vesicles expressing CgAcr3-1, dissipation of either the membrane potential or the pH gradient of the proton motive force did not prevent As(III) uptake, whereas dissipation of both components eliminated uptake. Further, a mutagenesis study of CgAcr3-1 suggested that a conserved cysteine and glutamate are ...
The influence of pH and inoculum size on phenol utilization by bacterial isolates from oil refinery effluent was investigated. The substrate used for the assessment was phenol, which formed a model substrate for the experiment. Phenol was progressively degraded at pH range of 6.3 to 8.0. Maximum phenol degradation by Bacillus sp. RBD1 and Corynebacterium sp. RBD2 was obtained at pH value of 7.1. Conversely, utilization of phenol at pH 5.5 was significantly high for both organisms. Phenol was degraded at every cell density (inoculum size) tested with the two organisms but phenol degradation rate increased with increasing inoculum size. Cultures of Bacillus sp. RBD1 and Corynebacterium sp.RBD2 with the lowest cell densities exhibited highest specific rate of utilization of phenol. The results obtained indicated lower phenol utilization rate per colony forming unit at higher cell density. It was also found that pH 6.3 to 8.0 was found to be optimal for phenol degradation by the test organisms ...
Dear collegues, I´d like to get to know people (scientists, work groups et c.), who work on any topic concerning the genera Corynebacterium or Brevibacterium. As I started my PhD studying Corynebacterium glutamicum (osmotic stress - amino acid production) last year I would be grateful to get in contact with as many people as possible sharing interest in this field of research. However, please don´t hesitate to contact me, if you´re working on the molecular biology level. My aim is to get to know problems you don´t read from in the literature or even share some problem solutions.... Thank you. If reply, please remove the nospam Yours, Hendrik Rönsch University of Cologne, Biochemistry Please visit my homepage: http://come.to/hendrik.roensch ...
The procedure has been used successfully for isolation of different medium-copy-number plasmids carrying pHM1519 or pBL1 origins of replication from Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032. Yield of plasmid DNA was typically 0.4-1.5 µg per ml LB culture, although yield was dependent on the vector, the insert, and the size of the plasmid ...
With the recent success of the heterologous expression of mycobacterial antigens in corynebacteria, in addition to the importance of these bacteria in biotechnology and medicine, a better understanding of the structure of their cell envelopes was needed. A combination of molecular compositional analysis, ultrastructural appearance and freeze-etch electron microscopy study was used to arrive at a chemical model, unique to corynebacteria but consistent with their phylogenetic relatedness to mycobacteria and other members of the distinctive suprageneric actinomycete taxon. Transmission electron microscopy and chemical analyses showed that the cell envelopes of the representative strains of corynebacteria examined consisted of (i) an outer layer composed of polysaccharides (primarily a high-molecular-mass glucan and arabinomannans), proteins, which include the mycoloyltransferase PS1, and lipids; (ii) a cell wall glycan core of peptidoglycan-arabinogalactan which may contain other sugar residues and was
l-Ornithine, a non-essential amino acid, has enormous industrial applications in food, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries. Currently, l-ornithine production is focused on microorganism fermentation using Escherichia coli or Corynebacterium glutamicum. In C. glutamicum, development of high l-ornithine producing C. glutamicum was achieved by deletion of argF, but was accompanied by growth deficiency and arginine auxotrophy. l-Arginine has been routinely added to solve this problem; however, this increases production cost and causes feedback inhibition of N-acetyl-l-glutamate kinase activity. To avoid the drawbacks of growth disturbance due to disruption of ArgF, strategies were adopted to attenuate its expression. Firstly, ribosome binding site substitution and start codon replacement were introduced to construct recombinant C. glutamiucm strains, which resulted in an undesirable l-ornithine production titer. Then, we inserted a terminator (rrnB) between argD and argF, which significantly improved l
The genus of Gram positive bacilli including Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the cause of diphtheria in humans. Genus also includes C. minutissimum, the cause of erythrasma in humans and the diphtheroids which are commensal corynebacteria making up part of the human respiratory tract normal flora.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Corynebacterium parvum versus bacille calmette-guérin adjuvant immunotherapy of stage II malignant melanoma. AU - Lipton, Allan. AU - Harvey, Harold A.. AU - Balch, Charles M.. AU - Antle, Charles E.. AU - Heckard, Robert. AU - Bartolucci, Alfred A.. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. N2 - Two separate studies have been reported comparing Corynebacterium parvum and bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) as adjuvant immunotherapy for stage II melanoma patients (The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 48 patients; Southeastern Cancer Study Group [SECSG], 162 patients). As the criteria for patient selection and drugs used were similar, we have pooled the data to analyze the effects of these two treatments. Both studies used BCG (Tice, Chicago, IL) 3 x 108 live organisms per treatment by Tine technique and C parvum (Burroughs-Wellcome, Triangle Park, NC) subcutaneous at a dose of 4 mg/m2 (SECSG) or 5 μg/m2 (Hershey) per treatment. The only difference in these studies was the frequency of immunization, ...
The construction of microbial cell factories requires cost-effective and rapid strain development through metabolic engineering. Recently, RNA-guided CRISPR technologies have been developed for metabolic engineering of industrially-relevant host. To demonstrate the application of the CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), we developed two-plasmid CRISPRi vectors and applied the CRISPRi in Corynebacterium glutamicum to repress single target genes and double target genes simultaneously. Four-different single genes (the pyc, gltA, idsA, and glgC genes) repressions were successfully performed using the CRISPRi vectors, resulting significant mRNA reductions of the targets compared to a control. Subsequently, the phenotypes for the target gene-repressed strains were analyzed, showing the expected cell growth behaviors with different carbon sources. In addition, double gene repression (the idsA and glgC genes in a different order) by the CRISPRi resulted in an independent gene repression to each target gene
Immunodiffusion and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to reveal serological relationships between coryneform bacteria responsible for annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT) and other plant-pathogenic corynebacteria, particularly those associated with similar diseases of grasses, Clavibacter iranicum, Clavibacter rathayi, and Clavibacter tritici. Antisera were raised in rabbits against one strain each of C. iranicum, C. rathayi, C. tritici, and the ARGT bacterium. The antisera were tested against 26 strains belonging to that group of species and one strain each of eight other species of plant-pathogenic corynebacteria. Immunodiffusion with antiserum against the ARGT bacterium did not show cross-reactions with any of the other species tested, whereas, antisera against C. iranicum, C. rathayi, and C. tritici all showed some heterologous cross-reactions. The ELISA revealed cross-reactions undetected by immunodiffusion and allowed the organisms to be grouped by hierarchical cluster analysis.
Although Corynebacterium equi is a well-known pathogen for domestic animals, this species has not been documented as a cause of human infection. In the following case report C. equi was isolated in pure culture from a lung abscess and subcutaneous abscess in a patient with an impaired immune mechanism. The characteristics of this species and its significance in veterinary medicine are discussed. ...
We report an annotated draft genome of the human pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheriae bv. intermedius NCTC 5011. This strain is the first C. diphtheriae bv. intermedius strain to be sequenced, and our results provide a useful comparison to the other primary disease-causing biovars, C. diphtheriae bv. gravis and C. diphtheriae bv. mitis. The sequence has been deposited at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank with the accession number AJVH01000000.. ...
Previously, we showed that C. glutamicum mycothiol peroxidase MPx, similar to the glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), was resistant to and induced by organic and inorganic peroxides [55]. Moreover, E. faecium gpx is regulated by MarR-type AsrR [44]. Thus, we suggested C. glutamicum MPx was regulated by CosR. The lacZ activity of Pmpx::lacZ chromosomal promoter fusion reporter in relevant C. glutamicum strains and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) profiling of mpx expression were quantitatively measured in bacterial cells either untreated or treated with different toxic agents of various concentrations (Figure 5A,B). Concentrations of CHP applied were able to reduce the growth rate but under sub-lethal concentrations (Supplementary Figure S5). As expected, high levels of the promoter lacZ activity of mpx were detected in the ΔcosR strain, regardless of whether or not CHP was present. Under normal conditions (without CHP treatment), the promoter lacZ activity of mpx in ΔcosR strain was 6.5 times ...
Wagner KS, White JM, Neal S, Crowcroft NS, Kuprevičiene N, Paberza R, Lucenko I, Jõks U, Akbaş E, Alexandrou-Athanassoulis H, Detcheva A, Vuopio J, von Hunolstein C, Murphy PG, Andrews N; Members of the Diphtheria Surveillance Network (DIPNET), Efstratiou A., Screening for Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans in patients with upper respiratory tract infections 2007-2008: a multicentre European study., Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 17, (4), 2011, p519-525 Journal Article, 2011 DOI ...
Pierce, chase C.; Fauve, R M.; and Dubos, R, "Corynebacterial pseudotuberculosis in mice. I. Comparative susceptibility of mouse strains to experimental infection with coryne- bacterium kutscheri." (1964). Subject Strain Bibliography 1964. 1371 ...
Dtsch Med J. 1969 Aug;20(15):480-5. Review. German.. The localization and distribution of Corynebacterium acnes and its antigens in normal skin and in lesions of acne vulgaris ...
As a gram-positive bacterium with good genomic stability, C. glutamicum is more difficult to engineer than genetically tractable hosts such as E. coli [40, 48]. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated ssDNA recombineering was developed for deleting 400 bp chromosomal fragment in C. glutamicum in the time this manuscript was being prepared [35]. However, gene deletion and insertion with plasmid-borne editing templates that are key enabling techniques for reconstruction and integration of metabolic pathways are still in demand. In this study, a tailor-made CRISPR/Cas9 toolbox was developed for efficient and comprehensive engineering of C. glutamicum. Notably, gene deletion and insertion with plasmid-borne editing templates were efficiently implemented. Moreover, single-nucleotide editing and double-locus editing were achieved at efficiencies of 90.0 and 40.0%, respectively, which will considerably accelerate precise genome editing of C. glutamicum.. S. pyogenes Cas9 is suggested to be toxic to C. glutamicum and ...
Task 5. Test at cistinase (Pizy test). In the column of gelose with cistin by a prick sow the studied culture and put a test tube in a thermostat. In 1 day a medium is blaking on motion a prick, on the depth of 1 cm view a brown cloud appears from a surface. Difteroidy does not form a cloud .. Task 6. Test at urease (Zaksa test). Determination of urease is made sowing on media with urea. As an indicator in a nutrient media, bring in phenolic red. A nutrient medium with culture Corynebacterium spp. put on 30 minutes in a thermostat (37 C). For this time an urea fissions with formation of ammonia and an medium becomes red (a test is positive, because changes).. Task 7. The indirect hemagglutination test determine the antitoxin antibodies concentration in blood serum. It is made according to the formula: X=10*A/B, where X is content of diphtheria antitoxin in assayed serum (IU), 10- titer of control serum (IU/ml), A - maximal dilution of assayed serum with positive result, B - maximal dilution of ...
Murahata, R I. and Zighelboim, J, "Systemic administration of corynebacterium parvum during sensitization to tumor alloantigen-modified response to rechallenge." (1980). Subject Strain Bibliography 1980. 606 ...
Caruso, R. and Bonina, L. and Chimicatà, S. and Ianello, D. and Inferrera, C. and Mastroeni, P. (1978) Inibizione del tumore T8 di Guérin con il $Corynebacterium$ $parvum$: aspetti istomorfologici e di funzionalità macrofagica. Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Scienze Medico-Biologiche, LXVI (1). pp. 803-807. ...
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A comprehensive overview of C. glutamicum systems biology and biotechnological applications including: proteomics; flux analysis technology; metabolic engineering; manipulation of nitrogen metabolism; transport, degradation and assimilation of aromatic compounds; engineering for production of organic acids and alcohols; production of polyesters; biotechnological applications, biosensors.
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Cytokinin application to dormant buds will cause them to develop. A witches broom is caused by a pathogen such as the bacterium Corynebacterium fascians (or A. tumefaciens) that produces cytokinin which, in turn, causes stimulates lateral bud development (branching). These results suggest that apical dominance may be related to cytokinin, too.. For example, when tobacco cells are infected with the Ti-plasmid that has been modified to possess the heat shock promoter, a heat treatment stimulates the cells to produce increased amounts of cytokinin. These plants exhibit less apical dominance and remain green longer than non-heat treated controls. Thus, these results support the conclusion that senescence and apical dominance are related to cytokinin levels.. G. Promote cell ...
Authors: SÜHEYLA TÜRKYILMAZ Abstract: The aims of this study were to isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa from dogs with otitis externa (OE), to determine the susceptibility of isolated strains to antibiotics, and to evaluate the incidence of the infection in the Aydın region. For this purpose, ear swab samples were obtained from 92 dogs with symptoms of OE infection and the samples were examined bacteriologically. Bacteria were isolated from 88 (96%) of 92 samples but no isolation was performed on 4 (4%) dogs. In total 93 microorganisms were identified. Among these microorganisms, staphylococci species were the most isolated one in number (43%), followed by P. aeruginosa (17%), Escherichia coli (11%), Proteus spp. (9%), Streptococcus spp. (9%), Pasteurella spp. (3%), Citrobacter spp. (3%), Corynebacterium spp. (3%), and Enterococcus spp. (2%). Of the 16 P. aeruginosa strains examined, 13 (81%) were sensitive to gentamycin, 12 (75%) to penicillin G, 7 (44%) to danofloxacin, 6 (38%) to streptomycin, ...
2M47: Solution NMR structure of the Polyketide_cyc-like protein Cgl2372 from Corynebacterium glutamicum, Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium Target CgR160.
Cells from your throat, nose, or skin may be collected for this test. Mucus from your throat also may be collected[1][2][3]. Throat cells/mucus: A throat culture is done to collect mucus and cells from the back of your throat. For a throat culture, you will need to open your mouth wide. The person doing the test will use a long, sterile cotton swab to swab the back of your throat, near your tonsils. The swab may be rubbed several times to obtain the sample. Do not close your mouth when the sample is being collected. After the sample has been collected, the swab will be taken out and tested. Nasopharyngeal cells: A nasopharyngeal swab, aspirate, or wash is done to collect cell samples from the upper part of your nose and throat. For a nasopharyngeal swab, you will be asked to tilt your head back. The person doing the test will use a special kind of swab and insert it into one of your nostrils. The swab will be rotated gently and then remain still for a few seconds before it is removed. This is to ...
The essential lysine, Lys179 in SpaD, is in the floor of the groove and is mostly covered by the mobile β1-β2 loop. A similar β1-β2 loop is present in all major pilins for which full-length structures are available, except for Spy0128, which lacks an equivalent YPKN pilin motif. This β1-β2 loop flanks a similar groove in each case, but is usually disordered. In SpaD it is disordered in one molecule and ordered but with high B factors in the other. This flexibility may have a role in pilus polymerization, with the loop preventing unwanted inter-actions by covering the groove and then opening up to allow binding of the sortase-recognition segment of another molecule.. Our results showing a mixture of SpaD species, with the D1 internal isopeptide bond either formed or not formed, indicate that the bond in the N domain may not be fully formed in a SpaD monomer. An energy barrier clearly exists, possibly conformational in nature as shown for RrgB, and this can be overcome in vitro by warming. ...
As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
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Dioctophyme renale: | | | | |Dioctophyme renale| | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.
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Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria; Corynebacteriales; Corynebacteriaceae; Corynebacterium; Corynebacterium ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria; Corynebacteriales; Corynebacteriaceae; Corynebacterium; Corynebacterium ...
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Tinsdale medium supports the growth of all species of Corynebacterium while inhibiting the growth of normal inhabitants of the upper respiratory tract. Potassium tellurite from the supplement inhibits all gram-negative bacteria and most of the upper respiratory tract normal flora. L-cystine and sodium thiosulphate form the H₂S indicator system. Black coloration of the colonies results from tellurite reductase activity, resulting in the reduction of tellurium, while the brown halos indicate cystinase activity. Only C. diphtheriae and C. ulcerans gives black colonies with distinctly outlined halo. Other diphtheroids, staphylococci, and some streptococci may also reduce tellurite, although halos around the colonies are not generally present.. Peptic digest of animal tissue provides nitrogenous compounds and agar is for the solidification of the medium. ...
Van Laer, K., A. M. Dziewulska, M. Fislage, K. Wahni, A. Hbeddou, J-F. Collet, W. Versées, L. M. Mateos, V. Tamu Dufe, and J. Messens, NrdH-redoxin of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Corynebacterium glutamicum dimerizes at high protein concentration and exclusively receives electrons from thioredoxin reductase., J Biol Chem, vol. 288, issue 11, pp. 7942-55, 2013 Mar 15. ...
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Myosoton aquaticum, Water-chickweed, Giant Chickweed, Water Mouse-ear. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3729 plants and 22,993 images. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented.
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for C4LJH6 (ILVC_CORK4), Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+)). Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii (strain DSM 44385 / JCM 11950 / CIP 105744 /CCUG 35717)
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The complete genome sequences of greater than 185 microorganisms have been determined, and they are becoming an important resource for the comprehensive understanding of cellular life. Among strains of Corynebacterium glutamicum, bacteria widely used for the industrial production of amino acids, nucleic acids, and organic acids (11, 15), two strains, R (3,314,179 bp) (our unpublished data) and ATCC 13032 (3,309,401 bp [6] or 3,282,708 bp [10]), have been sequenced. Based on whole genome sequences, strain reconstruction studies for improved industrial application have been initiated (21).. By using the genome information of C. glutamicum, we recently found many strain-specific regions existing as "islands" in the common backbone (24). Gene loss and horizontal gene transfer are major genetic processes of genome evolution. These strain-specific islands (SSIs) were possibly shaped on the genome of the ancestral common strain of two C. glutamicum strains by the integration and deletion of many genes. ...
Page contains details about Corynebacterium glutamicum catalase-gold nanoparticles nanostructured material . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Indonesia berpotensi menghasilkan pelepah kelapa sawit atau Oil Palm Frond (OPF) sebanyak 81,887,936 ton/tahun. Ekstrak cair pelepah kelapa sawit memiliki kandungan karbon 19388 ppm dan nitrogen 142 ppm, serta kandungan glukosa sebesar 53.95 ± 2.86 g/L. Kandungan yang dimiliki tersebut memberikan potensi pelepah sawit sebagai bahan baku dalam mikrobiologi industri. Penelitian ini bertujuan melakukan optimasi produksi asam glutamat menggunakan variasi sumber nitrogen dan konsentrasi sumber nitrogen, variasi konsentrasi biotin, variasi waktu fermentasi dengan dua variasi isolat Brevibacterium flavum dan Bacillus sp. dalam media fermentasi ekstrak cair pelepah kelapa sawit atau Oil Palm Frond (OPF). Hasil fermentasi asam glutamat yang diperoleh pada penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa perlakuan biotin dengan 0.5% urea yang paling berpengaruh terhadap konsentrasi asam glutatamat. Isolat yang paling berpengaruh adalah Brevibacterium flavum pada jam ke-40 dengan konsentrasi asam glutamat yang ...
Production of lysine by Corynebacterium glutamicum (PTCC 1532) from different agricultural by-products (molasses and pulpy waste date) was compared to glucose as raw materials. For this purpose, ammonium sulphate was selected as a constant nitrogen source. The effect of different nitrogen sources was also investigated with glucose as a constant carbon source. The production of L-lysine was examined qualitatively and quantitatively using thin layer chromatography (TLC). Results of fermentation experiments showed that the maximum yield corresponded to molasses (48 g L-1) for the fermentation period of 96 hours. For other substrates the yield was lower and the period of fermentation exceeded that for molasses.
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is a pathogenic bacterium which has been rapidly spreading all over the world, causing economic losses in the agricultural sector and sporadically infecting humans. Six C. pseudotuberculosis strains were isolated from goats, sheep, and horses with distinct abscess locations. For the first time, Mexican genomes of this bacterium were sequenced and studied in silico. All strains were sequenced using Ion Personal Genome Machine sequencer, assembled using Newbler and SPAdes software. The automatic genome annotation was done using the software RAST and in-house scripts for transference, followed by manual curation using Artemis software and BLAST against NCBI and UniProt databases. The six genomes are publicly available in NCBI database. The analysis of nucleotide sequence similarity and the generated phylogenetic tree led to the observation that the Mexican strains are more similar between strains from the same host, but the genetic structure is probably more influenced by
The current work deals with the biotechnological synthesis of alpha-ketomethylvalerate (KMV) with Corynebacterium glutamicum. KMV together with the two other branched-chain alpha-keto acids alpha-ketoisovalerate (KIV) and alpha-ketoisocaproate (KIC) is used as a pharmaceutical agent and also as ingredient of functional food. So far KMV has only been produced by chemical synthesis and the aim of this work was to initiate the development of a fermentative KMV production. When C. glutamicum was cultured in the presence of KMV the growth rate and the final cell density were significantly reduced. The experiments also revealed that the branched-chain alpha-keto acids are degraded by C. glutamicum during growth. Specific branched-chain alpha-keto acid converting enzymes could not be identified in C. glutamicum. Analysis of key enzymes of the KMV biosynthesis revealed that the pyruvate condensing reaction of the acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) is competitively inhibited by 100 mM KMV, whereas the ...
Background Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is classified into two biovars, nitrate-negative biovar Ovis which is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis in small ruminants and nitrate-positive biovar Equi, which causes abscesses and ulcerative lymphangitis in equines. The aim of this study was to develop a quadruplex PCR assay that would allow simultaneous detection and biovar-typing of C. pseudotuberculosis. Methods In the present study, genomes of C. pseudotuberculosis strains were used to identify the genes involved in the nitrate reduction pathway to improve a species identification three-primer multiplex PCR assay. The nitrate reductase gene (narG) was included in the PCR assay along with the 16S, rpoB and pld genes to enhance the diagnosis of the multiplex PCR at biovar level. Results A novel quadruplex PCR assay for C. pseudotuberculosis species and biovar identification was developed. The results of the quadruplex PCR of 348 strains, 346 previously well-characterized clinical ...
BACKGROUND: The reemergence of epidemic diphtheria in Belarus in 1990s has provided us with important information on the biology of the disease and the diversity of the causative agent Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Molecular investigations were conducted with the aim to analyze the genetic variability of C diphtheriae during the post-epidemic period. METHODS: The biotype and toxigenicity status of 3513 C. diphtheriae strains isolated from all areas in Belarus during a declining period of diphtheria morbidity (1996-2005) was undertaken. Of these, 384 strains were isolated from diphtheria cases, 1968 from tonsillitis patients, 426 from contacts and 735 from healthy carriers. Four hundred and thirty two selected strains were ribotyped. RESULTS: The C diphtheriae gravis biotype, which was prevalent during 1996-2000, was replaced by the mitis biotype during 2001-2005. The distribution of toxigenic C. diphtheriae strains also decreased from 47.1% (1996) to 5.8% (2005). Changes in the distribution of the
The microflora of 55 patients with leprosy skin ulcers was studied and related to a weighted inflammatory score (IS). The control group consisted of 18 ulcers with different underlying pathology. Leprosy ulcers were characterized by the exclusive presence of two types of branching gram-positive rods; a particular interesting proposal is that Mycobacterium leprae share common antigens with these unusual leprosy ulcer associated organisms and group G beta-hemolytic streptococci. In the leprosy group, corynebacteria and branching rods accounted for 97% of gram-positive bacilli and Bacillus species constituted only 3%. In the control group, B. species formed 50% of gram-positive rods; the rest were corynebacteria (p = 0.03). In the leprosy group, one third of the gram-positive bacteria were branching rods; none of them was acid fast. Ten of them were identified as Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, and the remaining 7 could not be identified. The IS of leprosy patients was lower than in the control group. The
External lumps and bumps in dairy goats have many causes, but most owners assume that all lumps are abscesses and that all abscesses are caused by Corynebacterium. Although Corynebacterium is a significant cause of external masses in goats, one should not assume that all lumps are abscesses or that all external masses occurring in a herd result from the same cause. Determining the correct origin of an external mass requires a detailed history, a thorough physical examination and aspiration or biopsy. Once a diagnosis has been made, an appropriate therapy can be chosen and a prognosis for recovery can be determined.. Abscesses caused by a wide variety of bacteria are the most common cause of external masses in dairy goats. Numerous bacteria live on the surface of healthy skin and mucous membranes and can be introduced into body tissues through small ulcers and puncture wounds. Coarse hay, grass awns, wood splinters, unsanitary injection needles and accidental trauma can introduce bacteria into ...

Corynebacterium spp. | SpringerLinkCorynebacterium spp. | SpringerLink

Corynebacterium diphtheriae: chromosome 2,488,635 bp; 2320 predicted ORFs (Cerdeno-Tarraga et al. 2003) Cell morphology: Rod- ... Mandlik A, Swierczynski A, Das A, Ton-That H (2007) Corynebacterium diphtheriae employs specific minor pilins to target human ... Ott L, Holler M, Gerlach RG, Hensel M, Rheinlaender J, Schaffer TE, Burkovski A (2010) Corynebacterium diphtheriae invasion- ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae: chromosome 2,488,635 bp; 2320 predicted ORFs (Cerdeno-Tarraga et al. 2003) ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-67651-7_4

Corynebacterium - BrevibacteriumCorynebacterium - Brevibacterium

... Hendrik Rönsch h.roenschnospam at uni-koeln.de Tue Dec 15 06:56:22 EST 1998 *Previous message ... who work on any topic concerning the genera Corynebacterium or Brevibacterium. As I started my PhD studying Corynebacterium ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/microbio/1998-December/014309.html

Corynebacterium minutissimum | bacterium | Britannica.comCorynebacterium minutissimum | bacterium | Britannica.com

... and attributed to the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The lesions are generally seen on the inner sides of the thighs, ... Corynebacterium minutissimum. bacterium. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. Britannica does not currently have an article on this topic. ... and attributed to the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The lesions are generally seen on the inner sides of the thighs, ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/Corynebacterium-minutissimum

Corynebacterium amycolatum SK46Corynebacterium amycolatum SK46

Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/taxonomy/553204

Corynebacterium xerosis definition | Drugs.comCorynebacterium xerosis definition | Drugs.com

Definition of Corynebacterium xerosis. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Corynebacterium xerosis. Definition: a bacterial species found in normal and diseased conjunctiva; there is no evidence that ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/corynebacterium-xerosis.html

Corynebacterium haemolyticum definition | Drugs.comCorynebacterium haemolyticum definition | Drugs.com

Definition of Corynebacterium haemolyticum. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/corynebacterium-haemolyticum.html

Corynebacterium equi - WikispeciesCorynebacterium equi - Wikispecies

Genus: Corynebacterium Species: Corynebacterium equi (synonym) Name[edit]. Corynebacterium equi M. Magnusson, 1923. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corynebacterium_equi&oldid=5539996" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Corynebacterium_equi

Corynebacterium minutissimum - WikispeciesCorynebacterium minutissimum - Wikispecies

Genus: Corynebacterium Species: Corynebacterium minutissimum Name[edit]. Corynebacterium minutissimum (ex Sarkany et al., 1962 ... Basonyme : "Corynebacterium minutissimum" Sarkany et al., 1962 Reference[edit]. *M.D. COLLINS & D. JONES : Corynebacterium ... Corynebacterium minutissimum was emended by Yassin et al. in 2002.. *A.F. YASSIN, U. STEINER & W. LUDWIG : Corynebacterium ... and emended description of Corynebacterium minutissimum Collins and Jones (1983). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Corynebacterium_minutissimum

Corynebacterium jeikeium (strain K411)Corynebacterium jeikeium (strain K411)

p>An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.,/p> ,p>,a href="/manual/evidences">More…,/a>,/p> ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/taxonomy/306537

Corynebacterium diphtheriae - WikipediaCorynebacterium diphtheriae - Wikipedia

Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the bacterium that causes the disease diphtheria. Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a rod-shaped, ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae genome. *Type strain of Corynebacterium diphtheriae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Corynebacterium diphtheriae[a] is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria.[2] It is also known as the Klebs-Löffler ... The exotoxin of Corynebacterium diptheriae is absorbed in the blood which in turn kills heart, kidney, and nerve cells by ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corynebacterium_diphtheriae

Corynebacterium | mBioCorynebacterium | mBio

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Exploits Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Components in a Novel Polymicrobial Defense ...
more infohttps://mbio.asm.org/keyword/corynebacterium

sp=corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis 1002sp=corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis 1002

Organism: CORYNEBACTERIUM PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS 1002 If you have problems or comments... Back to PBIL home page ... Organism: CORYNEBACTERIUM PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS 1002 15. CORP1_1_PE1010 RecName: Full=Pup--protein ligase; EC=6.3.2 n2;AltName: ... Organism: CORYNEBACTERIUM PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS 1002 8. CORP1_1_PE1004 SubName: Full=Xaa-Pro amino peptidase; (CORP1_1.PE1004). ... Organism: CORYNEBACTERIUM PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS 1002 10. CORP1_1_PE1006 SubName: Full=Sec-in dependent twin-arginine translocase ...
more infohttp://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/cgi-bin/acnuc-search-sp?query=Corynebacterium%20pseudotuberculosis%201002&db=HOGENOM&ident=ACNUC9435

Cory Nebacterium vs. Sally Staph | MetaFilterCory Nebacterium vs. Sally Staph | MetaFilter

Cory Nebacterium vs. Sally Staph. April 18, 2013 11:43 AM Subscribe. Microbiomes & Health We conducted a study during a flat ...
more infohttps://www.metafilter.com/127170/Cory-Nebacterium-vs-Sally-Staph

Corynebacterium glutamicum - microbewikiCorynebacterium glutamicum - microbewiki

Corynebacterium glutamicum Description and significance. C. glutamicum is a small, non-moving Gram-positive soil bacterium. ... Because of the useful characterisitics of Corynebacterium, much research has been done on it to try to modify it in some way in ... "Corynebacterium glutamicum as a model bacterium for the bioremediation of arsenic". International Microbiology. 2006. p. 207- ... "Reduced Folate Supply as a Key to Enhanced L-Serine Production by Corynebacterium glutamicum." Applied and Environmental ...
more infohttps://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Corynebacterium_glutamicum

KEGG GENOME: Corynebacterium kroppenstedtiiKEGG GENOME: Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii

Ultrafast pyrosequencing of Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii DSM44385 revealed insights into the physiology of a lipophilic ...
more infohttp://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?gn:T00896

Corynebacterium efficiens - microbewikiCorynebacterium efficiens - microbewiki

Species exploited for commercial production of l-gln have been Corynebacterium glutamicum and Corynebacterium callunae.[2,3] ... the Corynebacterium genus reveal that the isolates of C. efficiens belong to the "glutamic-acid producing species".[2,6] Of ... As some Corynebacterium forms have been found to be pathogenic, it is apparent there is a diverse range of environments ... Corynebacterium efficiens. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. Revision as of 02:36, 29 August 2007 by ...
more infohttps://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php?title=Corynebacterium_efficiens&oldid=23142

Corynebacterium diphtheriae by Vannia Maldonado on PreziCorynebacterium diphtheriae by Vannia Maldonado on Prezi

Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Vannia Maldonado Arzate. Tóxina Diftérica es el principal factor de virulencia. Factor de ... Corynebacterium. Más de 100 especies. Corineformes en forma de porra. Pared celular: arabinosa, galactosa, ácido meso- ... Transcript of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Microscopia. Gránulos metacromáticos en bacterias teñidas con azul de metilo, pero ...
more infohttps://prezi.com/brmqq0ro_u1w/corynebacterium-diphtheriae/

DUF4259 domain-containing protein [Corynebacterium aurimucosum] - Protein - NCBIDUF4259 domain-containing protein [Corynebacterium aurimucosum] - Protein - NCBI

DUF4259 domain-containing protein [Corynebacterium aurimucosum] DUF4259 domain-containing protein [Corynebacterium aurimucosum] ... DUF4259 domain-containing protein [Corynebacterium aurimucosum]. NCBI Reference Sequence: WP_049378757.1. Identical Proteins ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/protein/WP_049378757.1

Corynebacterium renale (Migula) Ernst ATCC ® 19412™Corynebacterium renale (Migula) Ernst ATCC ® 19412™

Corynebacterium renale ATCC ® 19412™ Designation: NCTC 7448 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain Quality control ... Corynebacterium renale (Migula) Ernst (ATCC® 19412™) Strain Designations: NCTC 7448 [Charita-a, IFO 15290] / Type Strain: yes ... Chemical composition and antigenic structure of cell walls of Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Actinomyces and ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/Bacteria/Preceptrol_Cultures/19412.aspx

Corynebacterium - Wikipedia, entziklopedia askea.Corynebacterium - Wikipedia, entziklopedia askea.

Wikimedia Commonsen badira fitxategi gehiago, gai hau dutenak: Corynebacterium Datu-base taxonomikoak. EOL GBIF ITIS NCBI WoRMS ... Corynebacterium generoa bakterio Gram positiboz osatuta dago, bazilo itxura dutenak. Sarritan elkarturik geratzen dira ... Patogeno gutxi dago, Corynebacterium diphtheriae (difteriaren eragilea) esanguratsuena izaten delarik. Korinebakterioen ... "https://eu.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corynebacterium&oldid=5329195"(e)tik eskuratuta ...
more infohttps://eu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corynebacterium

Metabolic engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for anthocyanin production | SpringerLinkMetabolic engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for anthocyanin production | SpringerLink

Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for isobutanol production. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;87:1045-55.CrossRefPubMed ... Metabolic engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for l-arginine production. Nat Commun. 2014;5:4618.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ... Corynebacterium glutamicum, having been widely used in industrial production of amino acids such as L-glutamate and l-lysine [ ... Bio-based production of organic acids with Corynebacterium glutamicum. Microb Biotechnol. 2013;6:87-102.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs12934-018-0990-z

Corynebacterium - WikipediaCorynebacterium - Wikipedia

afermentans Corynebacterium auris Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Corynebacterium propinquum Corynebacterium uropygiale ... Corynebacterium xerosis and Corynebacterium striatum Corynebacterium minutissimum Corynebacterium amycolatum Corynebacterium ... lipophilum Corynebacterium accolens Corynebacterium macginleyi CDC coryneform groups F-1 and G Corynebacterium bovis ... glucuronolyticum Corynebacterium argentoratense Corynebacterium matruchotii Corynebacterium glutamicum Corynebacterium sp. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corynebacterium

Toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae -- Northern Plains Indian
Community, August-October 1996Toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae -- Northern Plains Indian Community, August-October 1996

Other Corynebacterium species may rarely produce diphtheria toxin but still cause a diphtheria-like disease in humans that is ... Toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae -- Northern Plains Indian Community, August-October 1996 Diphtheria was one of the most ... Fatal respiratory disease due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae: case report and review of guidelines for management, ... TABLE 2. Household contacts with Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates -- Northern Plains Indian community, August-October 1996 ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00047859.htm

Respiratory Diphtheria Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans -- Terre  Haute, Indiana, 1996Respiratory Diphtheria Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans -- Terre Haute, Indiana, 1996

A strain of Corynebacterium ulcerans was subsequently isolated from the culture specimen at CDC, and toxin production by this ... Kisely SR, Price S, Ward T. `Corynebacterium ulcerans: a potential cause of diphtheria. Commun Dis Rep Rev 1994;4:R63-R64. ... Respiratory Diphtheria Caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans -- Terre Haute, Indiana, 1996 Diphtheria is a potentially severe ... Fatal respiratory disease due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae: case report and review of guidelines for management, ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/mmWr/preview/mmwrhtml/00051752.htm

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Lehmann and Neumann ATCC ® 10Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Lehmann and Neumann ATCC ® 10

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum ATCC ® 10700™ Designation: 153 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain ... Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Lehmann and Neumann (ATCC® 10700™) Strain Designations: 153 [ATCC 7091, IFO 15362, NCTC ... Polyamine distribution in actinomycetes with group B peptidoglycan and species of the genera Brevibacterium, Corynebacterium, ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/products/all/10700.aspx
  • The details will be described in Biotech section) These three strains have been phylogenetically identified as a unique species of Corynebacterium , and are collectively named Corynebacterium efficiens . (kenyon.edu)
  • A strain of Corynebacterium ulcerans was subsequently isolated from the culture specimen at CDC, and toxin production by this strain was confirmed by a toxin-antitoxin precipitation assay (Elek test) and by PCR assay on the isolate. (cdc.gov)
  • Corynebacterium matruchotii are Gram positive bacilli with long filaments and short, thick terminal ends. (wikipedia.org)
  • The exotoxin of Corynebacterium diptheriae is absorbed in the blood which in turn kills heart, kidney, and nerve cells by blocking protein synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two examples of these conserved signature indels are a two-amino-acid insertion in a conserved region of the enzyme phosphoribose diphosphate:decaprenyl-phosphate phosphoribosyltransferase and a three-amino-acid insertion in acetate kinase, both of which are found only in Corynebacterium species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultrafast pyrosequencing of Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii DSM44385 revealed insights into the physiology of a lipophilic corynebacterium that lacks mycolic acids. (genome.jp)
  • Because of the useful characterisitics of Corynebacterium, much research has been done on it to try to modify it in some way in order to make it more useful for humans. (kenyon.edu)