Coronavirus: A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.Coronavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).Coronavirus 229E, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It lacks hemagglutinin-esterase.Coronavirus, Bovine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus: A class I viral fusion protein that forms the characteristic spikes, or peplomers, found on the viral surface that mediate virus attachment, fusion, and entry into the host cell. During virus maturation, it is cleaved into two subunits: S1, which binds to receptors in the host cell, and S2, which mediates membrane fusion.SARS Virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing atypical respiratory disease (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME) in humans. The organism is believed to have first emerged in Guangdong Province, China, in 2002. The natural host is the Chinese horseshoe bat, RHINOLOPHUS sinicus.Coronavirus OC43, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It contains hemagglutinin-esterase.Coronavirus, Feline: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other.Coronaviridae: Spherical RNA viruses, in the order NIDOVIRALES, infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Transmission is by fecal-oral and respiratory routes. Mechanical transmission is also common. There are two genera: CORONAVIRUS and TOROVIRUS.Coronavirus, Canine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.Coronaviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by CORONAVIRIDAE.Murine hepatitis virus: A species of the CORONAVIRUS genus causing hepatitis in mice. Four strains have been identified as MHV 1, MHV 2, MHV 3, and MHV 4 (also known as MHV-JHM, which is neurotropic and causes disseminated encephalomyelitis with demyelination as well as focal liver necrosis).Transmissible gastroenteritis virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing a fatal disease to pigs under 3 weeks old.Infectious bronchitis virus: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing infections in chickens and possibly pheasants. Chicks up to four weeks old are the most severely affected.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Coronavirus NL63, Human: A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing upper and lower RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS. It shares the receptor used by the SARS VIRUS.Nucleocapsid Proteins: Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Coronavirus, Rat: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing pneumonia in newborn rats but a clinically inapparent infection in adults. It is separate but antigenically related to MURINE HEPATITIS VIRUS.Coronavirus, Turkey: A species of CORONAVIRUS causing enteritis in turkeys and pullets.Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus: A mutant strain of TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS causing mild or subclinical respiratory infections in young SWINE. It may also play a role in post-weaning porcine respiratory disease complex, especially when combined with other respiratory agents.Viral Envelope Proteins: Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.Feline Infectious Peritonitis: Common coronavirus infection of cats caused by the feline infectious peritonitis virus (CORONAVIRUS, FELINE). The disease is characterized by a long incubation period, fever, depression, loss of appetite, wasting, and progressive abdominal enlargement. Infection of cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage appears to be essential in FIP pathogenesis.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Vero Cells: A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Gastroenteritis, Transmissible, of Swine: A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.Membrane Glycoproteins: Glycoproteins found on the membrane or surface of cells.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.Distemper Virus, Canine: A species of MORBILLIVIRUS causing distemper in dogs, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and ferrets. Pinnipeds have also been known to contract Canine distemper virus from contact with domestic dogs.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Receptors, Virus: Specific molecular components of the cell capable of recognizing and interacting with a virus, and which, after binding it, are capable of generating some signal that initiates the chain of events leading to the biological response.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Viverridae: The family of civets which are small and medium-sized Old World carnivores, often striped or spotted.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Parvovirus, Canine: A species of the genus PARVOVIRUS and a host range variant of FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS. It causes a highly infectious fulminating ENTERITIS in dogs producing high mortality. It is distinct from CANINE MINUTE VIRUS, a species in the genus BOCAVIRUS. This virus can also infect cats and mink.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.RNA Replicase: An enzyme that catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 3'- end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a time, and can initiate a chain de novo. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p293)Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Enteritis, Transmissible, of Turkeys: An acute, highly contagious virus disease of turkeys characterized by chilling, anorexia, decreased water intake, diarrhea, dehydration and weight loss. The infectious agent is a CORONAVIRUS.Viral Matrix Proteins: Proteins associated with the inner surface of the lipid bilayer of the viral envelope. These proteins have been implicated in control of viral transcription and may possibly serve as the "glue" that binds the nucleocapsid to the appropriate membrane site during viral budding from the host cell.Antigens, CD13: Zinc-binding metalloproteases that are members of the type II integral membrane metalloproteases. They are expressed by GRANULOCYTES; MONOCYTES; and their precursors as well as by various non-hematopoietic cells. They release an N-terminal amino acid from a peptide, amide or arylamide.Viral Nonstructural Proteins: Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.Nucleocapsid: A protein-nucleic acid complex which forms part or all of a virion. It consists of a CAPSID plus enclosed nucleic acid. Depending on the virus, the nucleocapsid may correspond to a naked core or be surrounded by a membranous envelope.Viral Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Defective Viruses: Viruses which lack a complete genome so that they cannot completely replicate or cannot form a protein coat. Some are host-dependent defectives, meaning they can replicate only in cell systems which provide the particular genetic function which they lack. Others, called SATELLITE VIRUSES, are able to replicate only when their genetic defect is complemented by a helper virus.Virus Internalization: The entering of cells by viruses following VIRUS ATTACHMENT. This is achieved by ENDOCYTOSIS, by direct MEMBRANE FUSION of the viral membrane with the CELL MEMBRANE, or by translocation of the whole virus across the cell membrane.Cysteine Endopeptidases: ENDOPEPTIDASES which have a cysteine involved in the catalytic process. This group of enzymes is inactivated by CYSTEINE PROTEINASE INHIBITORS such as CYSTATINS and SULFHYDRYL REAGENTS.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Hepatitis, Viral, Animal: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in animals due to viral infection.Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Chronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.Dysentery: Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.Virion: The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Virus Assembly: The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Central Nervous System Viral Diseases: Viral infections of the brain, spinal cord, meninges, or perimeningeal spaces.Polyproteins: Proteins which are synthesized as a single polymer and then cleaved into several distinct proteins.Nidovirales: An order comprising three families of eukaryotic viruses possessing linear, nonsegmented, positive sense RNA genomes. The families are CORONAVIRIDAE; ARTERIVIRIDAE; and RONIVIRIDAE.Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A: A peptidyl-dipeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal dipeptide, -Xaa-*-Xbb-Xcc, when neither Xaa nor Xbb is Pro. It is a Cl(-)-dependent, zinc glycoprotein that is generally membrane-bound and active at neutral pH. It may also have endopeptidase activity on some substrates. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 184.108.40.206.Hemagglutinins, Viral: Specific hemagglutinin subtypes encoded by VIRUSES.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Saudi ArabiaCattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Viral Tropism: The specificity of a virus for infecting a particular type of cell or tissue.Virus Attachment: The binding of virus particles to receptors on the host cell surface. For enveloped viruses, the virion ligand is usually a surface glycoprotein as is the cellular receptor. For non-enveloped viruses, the virus CAPSID serves as the ligand.Viral Structural Proteins: Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral: Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Distemper: A name for several highly contagious viral diseases of animals, especially canine distemper. In dogs, it is caused by the canine distemper virus (DISTEMPER VIRUS, CANINE). It is characterized by a diphasic fever, leukopenia, gastrointestinal and respiratory inflammation and sometimes, neurologic complications. In cats it is known as FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Camels: Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Encephalomyelitis: A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.Hip Dysplasia, Canine: A hereditary disease of the hip joints in dogs. Signs of the disease may be evident any time after 4 weeks of age.Nandiniidae: A family in the suborder Feliformia, order CARNIVORA, comprising one genus Nandinia binotata.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Pneumonia, Viral: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Gene Expression Regulation, Viral: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.Viral Fusion Proteins: Proteins, usually glycoproteins, found in the viral envelopes of a variety of viruses. They promote cell membrane fusion and thereby may function in the uptake of the virus by cells.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Viral Plaque Assay: Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Common Cold: A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Arterivirus: A genus of the family ARTERIVIRIDAE, in the order NIDOVIRALES. The type species is ARTERITIS VIRUS, EQUINE.Cell Fusion: Fusion of somatic cells in vitro or in vivo, which results in somatic cell hybridization.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Papain: A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Carica papaya. It is also the name used for a purified mixture of papain and CHYMOPAPAIN that is used as a topical enzymatic debriding agent. EC 220.127.116.11.Antiviral Agents: Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Helper Viruses: Viruses which enable defective viruses to replicate or to form a protein coat by complementing the missing gene function of the defective (satellite) virus. Helper and satellite may be of the same or different genus.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Demyelinating Diseases: Diseases characterized by loss or dysfunction of myelin in the central or peripheral nervous system.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Mice, Inbred BALB CTooth Eruption, Ectopic: An abnormality in the direction of a TOOTH ERUPTION.Enteritis: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Feline Panleukopenia: A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Host-Pathogen Interactions: The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.Protein Processing, Post-Translational: Any of various enzymatically catalyzed post-translational modifications of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS in the cell of origin. These modifications include carboxylation; HYDROXYLATION; ACETYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; METHYLATION; GLYCOSYLATION; ubiquitination; oxidation; proteolysis; and crosslinking and result in changes in molecular weight and electrophoretic motility.Frameshifting, Ribosomal: A directed change in translational READING FRAMES that allows the production of a single protein from two or more OVERLAPPING GENES. The process is programmed by the nucleotide sequence of the MRNA and is sometimes also affected by the secondary or tertiary mRNA structure. It has been described mainly in VIRUSES (especially RETROVIRUSES); RETROTRANSPOSONS; and bacterial insertion elements but also in some cellular genes.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Carcinoembryonic Antigen: A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.Tooth, Impacted: A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.Membrane Fusion: The adherence and merging of cell membranes, intracellular membranes, or artificial membranes to each other or to viruses, parasites, or interstitial particles through a variety of chemical and physical processes.Amino Acid Substitution: The naturally occurring or experimentally induced replacement of one or more AMINO ACIDS in a protein with another. If a functionally equivalent amino acid is substituted, the protein may retain wild-type activity. Substitution may also diminish, enhance, or eliminate protein function. Experimentally induced substitution is often used to study enzyme activities and binding site properties.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.Animals, ZooMicroscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.QatarSensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Genes, pol: DNA sequences that form the coding region for retroviral enzymes including reverse transcriptase, protease, and endonuclease/integrase. "pol" is short for polymerase, the enzyme class of reverse transcriptase.Sequence Homology: The degree of similarity between sequences. Studies of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY provide useful information about the genetic relatedness of genes, gene products, and species.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Golgi Apparatus: A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Cinanserin: A serotonin antagonist with limited antihistaminic, anticholinergic, and immunosuppressive activity.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Beluga Whale: The species Delphinapterus leucas, in the family Monodontidae, found primarily in the Arctic Ocean and adjoining seas. They are small WHALES lacking a dorsal fin.Carnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Antibodies, Neutralizing: Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Acetylesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of acetate esters and water to alcohols and acetate. EC 18.104.22.168.Encephalitis, Viral: Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.Virus Shedding: The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Torovirus: A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE characterized by enveloped, peplomer-bearing particles containing an elongated tubular nucleocapsid with helical symmetry. Toroviruses have been found in association with enteric infections in horses (Berne virus), cattle (Breda virus), swine, and humans. Transmission probably takes place via the fecal-oral route.Capsid: The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.Mutagenesis, Site-Directed: Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.5' Untranslated Regions: The sequence at the 5' end of the messenger RNA that does not code for product. This sequence contains the ribosome binding site and other transcription and translation regulating sequences.Epitopes: Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.Epithelial Cells: Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Rodent Diseases: Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).Tooth, Unerupted: A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.Mammary Neoplasms, Animal: Tumors or cancer of the MAMMARY GLAND in animals (MAMMARY GLANDS, ANIMAL).Epitope Mapping: Methods used for studying the interactions of antibodies with specific regions of protein antigens. Important applications of epitope mapping are found within the area of immunochemistry.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Canine coronavirus infections in Japan: virological and epidemiological aspects. (1/30)Ten strains, eight field and two reference laboratory strains, of canine coronavirus (CCV) were comparatively examined with respect to antigenic relationships and pathogenic potential in dogs. With monoclonal antibodies and hyperimmune antisera to feline coronavirus and CCV, respectively, varying degrees of antigenic diversities were found among the strains by neutralization and immunofluorescence assays, but it was felt that they belong to one serotype. Specific-pathogen-free puppies experimentally inoculated with some CCV strains manifested clinical symptoms, but there was a difference in their virulence. In order to elucidate the prevalence of CCV infections in dogs in Japan, we tested for neutralizing antibodies to CCV in 467 field dogs, and found a prevalence of 44.1%. Moreover, by using nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction on rectal swabs of 100 diarrheic dogs recently presented in veterinary clinics, evidence of CCV in 16% of these specimens was found. The results suggested that CCV infection is more widespread than expected in dogs, and that CCV is a significant etiologic factor in canine diarrhea also in Japan. (+info)
Identification of canine coronavirus strains from feces by S gene nested PCR and molecular characterization of a new Australian isolate. (2/30)A nested PCR (nPCR) assay for the detection of canine coronavirus (CCV) in fecal samples is described. The target sequence for the assay was a 514-bp fragment within the spike (S) glycoprotein gene. The sensitivity of the assay is extremely high, detecting as little as 25 50% tissue culture infective doses per g of unprocessed feces. A clinical trial using dogs challenged orally with CCV SA4 and CCV NVSL was used to compare viral isolation and the nPCR assay as detection techniques over a 2-week period of infection. Virus isolation detected CCV shedding from day 4 to 9 postchallenge, while the nPCR assay detected CCV shedding from day 4 to 13 postchallenge. Cloning and sequencing of the nPCR assay product enabled investigation of the evolutionary relationships between strains within the S gene. The simple and rapid procedure described here makes this assay an ideal alternative technique to electron microscopy and viral isolation in cell culture for detection of CCV shedding in feces. The described assay also provides a method of identifying new strains of CCV without the complicated and time-consuming practice of raising antibodies to individual strains. This is illustrated by the identification, for the first time, of an Australian isolate of CCV (UWSMN-1). (+info)
Molecular characterization confirms the presence of a divergent strain of canine coronavirus (UWSMN-1) in Australia. (3/30)Canine coronavirus (CCV) UWSMN-1 was originally identified from an outbreak of fatal gastroenteritis in breeding colonies. In this report, we examined whether UWSMN-1 represents a novel divergent strain or is the result of recombination events between canine and feline coronavirus strains. Sequencing of various regions of the spike and polymerase genes confirms that UWSMN-1 is widely divergent from other CCV and feline coronavirus strains. These data raise the possibility that this strain is the first member of a novel third subtype of CCV. (+info)
Detection of a group 2 coronavirus in dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease. (4/30)An investigation into the causes of canine infectious respiratory disease was carried out in a large rehoming kennel. Tissue samples taken from the respiratory tract of diseased dogs were tested for the presence of coronaviruses using RT-PCR with conserved primers for the polymerase gene. Sequence analysis of four positive samples showed the presence of a coronavirus with high similarity to both bovine and human coronavirus (strain OC43) in their polymerase and spike genes, whereas there was a low similarity to comparable genes in the enteric canine coronavirus. This canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCV) was detected by RT-PCR in 32/119 tracheal and 20/119 lung samples, with the highest prevalence being detected in dogs with mild clinical symptoms. Serological analysis showed that the presence of antibodies against CRCV on the day of entry into the kennel decreased the risk of developing respiratory disease. (+info)
Small envelope protein E of SARS: cloning, expression, purification, CD determination, and bioinformatics analysis. (5/30)AIM: To obtain the pure sample of SARS small envelope E protein (SARS E protein), study its properties and analyze its possible functions. METHODS: The plasmid of SARS E protein was constructed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the protein was expressed in the E coli strain. The secondary structure feature of the protein was determined by circular dichroism (CD) technique. The possible functions of this protein were annotated by bioinformatics methods, and its possible three-dimensional model was constructed by molecular modeling. RESULTS: The pure sample of SARS E protein was obtained. The secondary structure feature derived from CD determination is similar to that from the secondary structure prediction. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that the key residues of SARS E protein were much conserved compared to the E proteins of other coronaviruses. In particular, the primary amino acid sequence of SARS E protein is much more similar to that of murine hepatitis virus (MHV) and other mammal coronaviruses. The transmembrane (TM) segment of the SARS E protein is relatively more conserved in the whole protein than other regions. CONCLUSION: The success of expressing the SARS E protein is a good starting point for investigating the structure and functions of this protein and SARS coronavirus itself as well. The SARS E protein may fold in water solution in a similar way as it in membrane-water mixed environment. It is possible that beta-sheet I of the SARS E protein interacts with the membrane surface via hydrogen bonding, this beta-sheet may uncoil to a random structure in water solution. (+info)
Fecal immunoglobulin A antibodies in dogs infected or vaccinated with canine coronavirus. (6/30)Fecal secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies in dogs infected or vaccinated with canine coronavirus (CCV) were evaluated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The study was carried out with 32 fecal samples collected just before inoculation and at 28 days postinoculation. Five groups were studied: naturally infected dogs, experimentally infected dogs, dogs inoculated with a modified live (ML) CCV vaccine by the intramuscular route, dogs inoculated with an ML CCV vaccine by the oronasal route, and dogs given an inactivated CCV vaccine. Both the naturally and the experimentally infected dogs developed high levels of fecal IgAs. Interestingly, dogs inoculated with the ML CCV vaccine by the oronasal route developed levels of fecal IgA that were higher than those observed in the dogs inoculated with the same CCV vaccine by the intramuscular route or those observed in dogs inoculated with the inactivated vaccine. A relationship between the level of fecal IgAs to CCV and the degree of protection against CCV infection was observed. (+info)
Two genotypes of canine coronavirus simultaneously detected in the fecal samples of dogs with diarrhea. (7/30)Sixty-nine fecal samples from diarrheic puppies were examined by reverse transcription-PCR assays for the M and the S genes of canine coronaviruses (CCoVs). The isolates in 10 samples were recognized as CCoV type I, and the isolates in 6 samples were recognized as CCoV type II, while isolates of both genotypes were simultaneously detected in 53 samples. (+info)
Genetic evolution of canine coronavirus and recent advances in prophylaxis. (8/30)Since the first identification of the virus in 1971, the disease caused by canine coronavirus (CCoV) has not been adequately investigated and the role that the virus plays in canine enteric illness has still not been well established. In the last decade, as a consequence of the relatively high mutation frequency of RNA positive stranded viruses, CCoV has evolved and a new genotype has been identified in the faeces of infected dogs. The several studies carried out by different researchers have focused upon the epidemiological relevance of these viruses and, considering the wide diffusion of CCoV infections among dog populations, the author underlines the need for further investigation on the biology of CCoV and on the pathogenetic role of their infections. (+info)
Buonavoglia, C.; Decaro, N.; Martella, V.; Elia, G.; Campolo, M.; Desario, C.; Castagnaro, M.; Tempesta, M., 2006: Canine coronavirus highly pathogenic for dogs
Define pantropic. pantropic synonyms, pantropic pronunciation, pantropic translation, English dictionary definition of pantropic. adj. Having an affinity for or indiscriminately affecting many kinds of tissue: pantropic viruses. or adj 1. ecology found throughout the tropical regions...
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Information about CCV healthcare management. Nursing is one of the fastest-growing job areas, and for good reason. As the population ages, medical care will continue to expand.
FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS Navies 2011 Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a progressive, almost always fatal, viral disease of domestic cats. It affects some exotic cats, with the cheetah being particularly susceptible. It does not affect non-feline species, such as dogs. Etiology or Cause Field strains of feline coronavirus vary in their ability to induce FIP. Some isolates cause FIP (feline infectious peritonitis virus [FIPV]others cause more localized GI disease) Mutations from feline enteric coronavirus to FIPV occur. FIP is thought to result from a mutation of the virus within the body, combined with the response of the immune system, leading to inflammation in various organ systems. FIPV and canine coronavirus are very closely related antigenically and may have crossed between hosts. Feline coronaviruses are fairly stable in the environment and, once dry, can survive for 4-6 wk. They are enveloped viruses and are destroyed by most household disinfectants, ...
ALVES, Christian D.B.T. et al. Identification of enteric viruses circulating in a dog population with low vaccine coverage. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2018, vol.49, n.4, pp.790-794. ISSN 1517-8382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2018.02.006.. Although the use of vaccines has controlled enteric diseases in dogs in many developed countries, vaccine coverage is still under optimal situation in Brazil. There is a large population of nonimmunized dogs and few studies about the identification of the viruses associated with diarrhea. To address this situation, stool samples from 325 dogs were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction for the detection of common enteric viruses such as Canine adenovirus (CAdV), Canine coronavirus (CCoV), Canine distemper virus (CDV), Canine rotavirus (CRV) and Carnivorous protoparvovirus 1 (canine parvovirus 2; CPV-2). At least one of these species was detected in 56.6% (184/325) of the samples. The viruses detected most frequently in either diarrheic or nondiarrheic ...
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The Snowy Owl Kennel:. Operating a large kennel facility like ours is very labour intensive. As owners, we have a huge responsibility to provide a safe, clean, positive and healthy environment for all our huskies. Managing an efficient and humane kennel set up is very important. Our kennel is protected by an extremely durable 8 foot chain link fence, professionally installed. This keeps our 4-legged family of husky heroes safe when enjoying their daily free run as well as keeping any wildlife out of the kennel. The foundation of our kennel is finely crushed limestone which allows drainage in the kennel. Lime is also an effective mineral used in controlling harmful bacteria. Very importantly, our kennel is set up on an incline, allowing the rain and melting snow to naturally drain off the foundation. This eliminates the chance for puddles to develop in the dogs living areas and will keep the kennel area dry, clean and healthier over all. Each of our huskies has his/her own 8ft. long tether which ...
Enhance your pets lives with the supplies found at Laws Country Kennels premier pet store in Roanoke. You know how important it is to keep your pet well-fed and happy, so pick up some of their quality feeding supplies, like bowls and other feeders. This store has everything you need like carriers so you can keep your pet happy and healthy. Pets can never have enough fun! Give your furry friends something new to play with from Laws Country Kennel, such as pet apparel and pet toys. You need to make your pets home as safe and comfortable as possible, so come check out the large selection of aquariums, bird cages, and bedding. When was the last time you had your pets health checked? Laws Country Kennel offers top-notch health services as well, including healthcare.Make use of the ample parking near Laws Country Kennel. Find long-lasting and durable pet supplies at Laws Country Kennel in Roanoke and keep your pet happy.
The environment of a shelter can be stressful for dogs, but a nice environment can be enough to keep dogs happy during their stay. Learn how to set up a comfy kennel here.
Learn about CCV tissue printing, registering in a technical training program, and taking free tests online. Completion of an accredited engineering program can qualify you to start working immediately. Seek out more information about technical degree programs online.
id":"2638","bid":"8647","uid":"0","title":"Better than some","username":"iLoveurdog","rating":"3","pros":"Quaint","cons":"Older facility but okay","description":"I hear from clients that this is a smaller place so they can give more individual attention.","date_added":"1219210895","date_modified":null,"is_external":"1","external_site_name":"zootoo","external_site_url":null,"external_user_profile":null,"status":"1 ...
The S1 and S2 subunits of the spike glycoprotein of the coronavirus which is responsible for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) have been modelled, even though the corresponding amino acid sequences were not suitable for tertiary structure predictions with conventional homology and/or threading procedures. An indirect search for a protein structure to be used as a template for 3D modelling has been performed on the basis of the genomic organisation similarity generally exhibited by coronaviruses. The crystal structure of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxi n B appeared to be structurally adaptable to human and canine coronavirus spike protein sequences and it was successfully used to model the two subunits of SARS coronavirus spike glycoprotein. The overall shape and the surface hydrophobicity of the two subunits in the obtained models suggest the localisation of the most relevant regions for their activity. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.. ...
Whats further perplexing about the situation is the fact that it took two months for the full gene sequence of this mutated coronavirus strain to be released by the National Institute of Virology, which received it a while back after it was collected from a patient in Kerala.. Why it took this Indian government agency so long to release it has created more questions than there are answers as to just how serious this situation truly is. Even more concerning is a warning put out by the South China Morning Post, admittedly a communist Chinese government propaganda outlet, that theres much more to come in the area of mutations.. "[T]here is real concern growing that thousands of strains sampled and sequenced are just the tip of the iceberg - and great variety increases the risk that new strains will require new vaccines in the same way the flu virus does," the paper reported.. Even so, the race is on to release one, two, or even seven, in the case of billionaire eugenicist Bill Gates, different ...
Many kennels, groomers, doggy daycares, and training facilities these days require dogs to be vaccinated for kennel cough before they are allowed to attend. But, just what is kennel cough, and how safe is the vaccine? Kennel cough is a viral infection that passes between dogs, especially in stressful environments. It typically takes about 8-10 days after exposure for symptoms to develop, including sneezing, runny eyes or nose, and of course, a dry horrible-sounding cough. While kennel cough certainly sounds scary because of its characteristic dry, hacking cough, it is a mild illness that can be easily treated with gentle, natural remedies. There are many resources to consult on treating kennel cough at home. These treatments typically include boosting the dogs immune system and gently soothing its cough. Kennel cough is a self-limiting disease, which means that in all but a few rare cases, the illness will clear up on its own even without treatment. Because kennel cough has a tendency to ...
Monique at Noseprints.net talks about kennel cough and how to treat it.. Filed under: Symptoms of Kennel Cough. Like this post? Subscribe to my RSS feed and get loads more! ...
As usual daddy went to Amazon.com to find something for me, My big kennel I spend my days in came from Amazon and its the "AmazonBasics" brand that they are surprisingly half the price of the kennels in big box stores. He got the same kennel for me to sleep in but in a smaller size that will fit in the bedroom. I highly recommend these kennels and they come in a wide variety of sizes as well as one and two door models. You can check them out at the link below!. ...
Visit this free site for Dog Kennel Cough symptoms. Worried about your dogs or puppies? Try the Dog Kennel Cough section on this Dogs Symptoms and Canine Health website. Symptons, Causes, and treatments of Dog Kennel Cough.
... is VERY contagious. It is named kennel cough because it can quickly spread through a kennel and infect every dog. It can spreads rapidly when dogs are kept in close quarters ...
Your pet will love the luscious feel of Petmates fleece Kennel Pads. Add to your pets favorite kennel for extra comfort, warmth and support. Features a removable, washable cover. Available in a variety of sizes to fit Petmate plastic and wire kennels. 45x30
Does the Kennel Club put the wellbeing of dogs above all other considerations? The answer, as with most things in life, depends upon your vantage point. If you love Crufts and youre a member of the Assured Breeder Scheme, you might think that the Kennel Club is the dogs whiskers. If youre looking for a…
Kennel cough is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs. Learn how kennel cough is transmitted, the symptoms and treatment, and how to prevent it from spreading.
A dog kennel block with the advantage of an additional side shed. Bespoke sizes. Tanalised timber. Free installation. Insulated dog kennel block with shed.
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Kennel cough is an air borne disease that can be easily caught at the kennels. Help to treat it by boosting the immune system with a raw food diet and Pet Plus supplement.
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Golden Oak Kennels, a small kennel surrounded by some of the best hunting land in the region. We have a wide variety of training land available, Golden Oak, and great family pets.
OdoEliminator Concentrated Deodorizer kills odors in areas where cleaning isnt required. Great for kennels, crates, concrete, gravel and dirt runs. OdoEliminator safely deodorizes kennels, catteries and other small animal quarters.
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OdoKill Concentrated Deodorizer kills odors in areas where cleaning isnt required. Great for kennels, crates, concrete, gravel and dirt runs. OdoKill safely deodorizes kennels, catteries and other small animal quarters.
Does your dog refuse to go into a kennel run? These simple tips from trainer Mikkel Becker can help make it a much more appealing destination.
Build a framework for the slab using wooden boards 12 by 2 inches (30×5 cm) thick and cut along the desired width kennel. Fixed joints at the corners with nails 3 inches (7.6 cm), and place the frame on the edges of the site. Adds support frame with a row of bricks placed along the outside of the frame to prevent movement when concrete is poured into him.. ...
Get all our tips on how to recognize the symptoms of kennel cough, how to treat viral infections and how to prevent your dog from getting sick.
Find the best dixie kennels, Lakeland, fL 33805 around and get detailed driving directions with road conditions, live traffic updates, and reviews of local business along the way.
Hi and thanks for your kind words. Its not entirely clear if kennel cough results in significant problems in people, though your right in pointing out that some authorities speak to possible risk...
Guide to Pointers with history, photos of Pointers, description, AKC standard and more Pointer information presented by Kennel.com.
Find information about CCV optics lab, registering for degree programs, and taking free practice tests online. Given the breadth of engineering specializations, you may find your niche within the engineering field. Technical training is only the first step towards a rewarding career.
Please note that while the Kennel Club endeavours to ensure that the organisations listed are bona fide, we do not have control over the way in which they are run, since they are not bound by Kennel Club regulations. Purchasers are therefore recommended to make their own due enquiries to reassure themselves when looking for a rescue dog. The Kennel Club can accept no responsibility for the contents of any external website listed on this service. ...
Founded in 1975, Canine Companions for Independence is a non-profit organization that enhances the lives of people with disabilities by providing highly trained assistance dogs free of charge.
When searching by name you must include the exact spelling of the dogs registered name as it appears on the dogs registration certificate and in the BRS.. ...
A guide to the most important factors in successfully potty training a puppy. Includes tips on scheduling, crates, potty locations, and products that can help.
I have 4 working sheepdogs who live in kennels. Every morning when they are let out, despite having around 600 acres to go at, they shit in my garden
My pitbull age 14 was diagnosed with canine cushings disease 6 months ago,and was doing great on his medicine until 2 weeks ago when he started vomiting
Feline coronaviruses (FCoV) exist as 2 biotypes: feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) and feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). FECV causes subclinical infections; FIPV causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a systemic and fatal disease. It is thought that mutations in FECV enable infection of macrophages, causing FIP. However, the molecular basis for this biotype switch is unknown. We examined a furin cleavage site in the region between receptor-binding (S1) and fusion (S2) domains of the spike of serotype 1 FCoV. FECV sequences were compared with FIPV sequences. All FECVs had a conserved furin cleavage motif. For FIPV, there was a correlation with the disease and >1 substitution in the S1/S2 motif. Fluorogenic peptide assays confirmed that the substitutions modulate furin cleavage. We document a functionally relevant S1/S2 mutation that arises when FIP develops in a cat. These insights into FIP pathogenesis may be useful in development of diagnostic, prevention, and treatment measures
Antibiotics are often administered as a cure for kennel cough, as they can in most cases effectively wipe out the infection. However, this can significantly weaken a dogs immune system, rendering it more susceptible to developing long term health complications.. Another common kennel cough treatment is vaccinations as a prevention method. Although this is a popular way of treating kennel cough before it occurs, regular vaccinations are recommended to help your dog to fight off this illness.. As an alternative, natural kennel cough cures are becoming more popular. Pet owners are realising the potential dangers of conventional medications, and are seeking safer alternatives. Natural remedies can be as effective, and can not only offer a cure for kennel cough, but also remove unhealthy chemicals and boost your dogs overall health.. Please note you should always consult with your veterinarian before deciding on a treatment to relieve kennel cough in dogs. He or she will help you decide on what is ...
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How to choose and find the BEST boarding kennels for YOUR dog. We make it easy for you to find the best kennels for your dog. We help you search for specific kennels and understand why some are better for your dogs needs.
How to choose and find the BEST boarding kennels for YOUR dog. We make it easy for you to find the best kennels for your dog. We help you search for specific kennels and understand why some are better for your dogs needs.
Q: I believe my dog (Dachshund) has kennel cough, and it doesnt seem very serious. Do I need to take him to the vet right away, or should I wait to see if it goes away? A: Im assuming that your Dachshund was at a kennel or around other dogs, which is why you think he has kennel cough. This is caused by either a bacterial or viral infection; if its bacterial, then antibiotics will cause the cough to stop within a few days. If its a viral infection, then the dogs usually cough for about 10-14 days, on average.
Special precautions should be taken when working with pantropic and amphotropic vectors, which are capable of infecting human cells.. Integration and Mutagenesis Potential of Viral Vectors. The DNA of some viruses, such as lentivirus and gammaretrovirus, is able to integrate in the genome of the host cells as a provirus. Integration of the viral genome may disrupt endogenous genes resulting in mutations. This can lead to a wide range of disorders depending on the site of integration. Of special concern are the activation of proto-oncogenes and inactivation of tumor-suppressor genes, which can lead to the development of cancer.. Environmental Stability of Viral Vectors. Viruses may be more or less sensitive to external factors depending on the presence or absence of viral envelopes. Naked or non-enveloped viruses - e.g., adenovirus - exit the host cell by lysis. Enveloped viruses - e.g., retroviruses - exit the host cell by budding through the cell membrane. The envelope is composed of fragments ...
This is contrary to what I know about the bacteria. Lyme bacteria are highly motile, extracellular and possess ligands which facilitate adhesion to the matrix between cells. The bacteria are polytropic or pantropic and quickly infect many tissues and organs. There is no known mechanism by which biofilms can directly seed other tissues. The standard model is that organisms within a biofilm communicate by molecular signaling, quorum sensing-- and that individual, planktonic spirochetes are released under the right conditions to seed new tissues and create new biofilm colonies. The spirochetes may be protected by special compartments in the body, for example they readily cross the blood brain barrier and live in the brain, an immune privileged area. Biofilms have been demonstrated in the brain. I think only individual spirochetes with their lipophilic outer membrane can get through the blood brain barrier ...
All in one duo dog kennel and run with shed. Add wipe clean package in shed to create whelping room for dog breeding. Wooden double kennel for multiple dogs
Kennel cough is an ailment that can easily be passed from one dog to another. It gets its name from being highly communicable in close quarters, such as within a kennel.
This article provides all the information regarding the kennel cough vaccine including its types, frequency, and side effects. It also lists the causes and symptoms of kennel cough.
THE Hibiscus Kennel Club recently hosted a three-day championship show at the Port Shepstone Borough Grounds, the home of Hibiscus Kennel Club. We thank our local judges, Niki Calvert, Jean Whittaker and Ninette Smith for judging as well as Alett ...
Peter Cadman - Crosshill Kennels Complaint Review: Peter Cadman Crosshill Kennels German Shepherds-Peter Cadman, Poor Breeding Practices, Guarantee Useless Millbank-Crosshill Ontario
The bordetella vaccine protects against only 2 of the 40+ agents that cause kennel cough. Protect against kennel cough with this simple recipe instead!
25 Full-time kennel assistant Job Listings In the USA Job Source has all your Full-time kennel assistant Job Listings In the USA jobs.
Regular cleaning of your canines kennel removes waste, hair or other messes. However, bacteria may remain and will spread quickly, increasing the risk of infection or illness. Regular disinfecting ...
Bloat in dogs is serious and can be potentially life threatening to your dog. Heres what to look for if you think your dog may have bloat.
Dogs with a hacking cough may have a very infectious disease called kennel cough. A vets diagnosis is essential, however. My dog recently had the disease.
Thread in the Greenhouses forum forum by Natalie: When we got our Lab pup, Bailey, a year and a half ago, we decided to buy an outside dog kennel so that s...
I have to say that back in February of 2005 I purchased a Bichon Frise (female 9 weeks old)..I named her Penelope from a pet store called Animals & Things in Woodbridge, NJ. Her records show she was brokered through Lambriar and came from a breeder by the name of Donna Zieman in Luana, Iowa. Although I was not crazy about the pet store I purchased her from, it was love at first sight. I just love her to death. She has just turned 1 year old this November. When I got her she was well socialized and very acclaimated to human companionship. I almost got the impression within the first day or so of having her that she spent time as a pet in someones home rather than in a kennel. She was even just about trained to the potty pads to my surprise. The first time I brought her around another dog (it was a female Pug) just like she did with people she just took to the dog and started to play. As a 1 year old dog now she takes to all people and animals the same way she did as a puppy, shes not aggressive ...
... is like the common cold for dogs. Learn the signs and symptoms of disease in your dog and how to manage disease naturally.
As a child, I was a very frequent visitor at the Redington households, adopted child status almost, and if there was a visiting musher (or mushers) Id be sure to be there. Eyes and ears open, I took in every word. Most of them probably thought I was an awkward shy kid, but truthfully, I didnt have much to add to conversation at the time, I was busy learning. I had the privilege of learning from different mushers with different training programs and kennel care criteria. I attribute a large part my dog teams growing success to the time I was able to spend at the Redingtons, learning the invaluable lessons from a vast array of mushers that I carry on with my dog team today. I will never be able to thank them enough for those experiences.. But as I grew older, like most kids, I started to notice trends. It didnt take me long to put two and two together and realize that there are 2 different kinds of mushers. The first, being so intensely involved with "the books" of the operation, with every ...
Find out more about the symptoms and treatment against Kennel Cough. If you have any concerns about your dog please contact the practice.
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Najanin kennel ble etablert i 1967, og har siden den gang hatt spesial oppdrett av polarhund. Idag drives det kvalitetsoppdrett av rasen Alaskan Malamute.
Brooklyn Center. Esky A1115352, 12-13 Weeks Old, Black DMH, Male, 3.1 lbs, Stray 06/14/17. KNOWN HISTORY:. Esky was brought in as a stray, so we cannot speak to his behavior in his previous home.. MEDICAL BEHAVIOR:. Greets at front of cage. Little restraint required for exam. Allows all handling.. EVALUATION:. Cage Condition: Cage recently cleaned. Reaction to assessor: Esky was bouncing around and playing in the kennel.. Reaction when softly spoken to: Esky pauses then shifts away to the back of the kennel.. Reaction to cage door opening: Esky is relaxed.. Reaction to touch: Esky moves away from the assessors hand and slinks down when touched. She warms up very quickly to touch and purrs softly when pet along her body. After a few soft pets she rolls over, gives head butts and nuzzles against the assessor.. Reaction to being picked up: Esky is calm, relaxed and allows all handling.. ENRICHMENT; 06/18/17. At front of kennel kneading towel. Backs away with tail raised when I open the kennel ...
N.B.: The data have been collected from the national canine organisations member of the FCI. Blank cells in the table mean either no answer from the national canine organisation member of the FCI or data not available. ...
Top Dog Diseases: Following is a list of the top diseases experienced in dogs. Many are easily prevented with immunizations. Those that dont have preventive shots can often be avoided with proper care. Make sure your dog is up-to-date on all shots and make it a ...
AHT dogs have a strong affiliation for the company of humans and perform all activities with their masters with joy... Puppies for home and breeding... EuroBreeder.com
If you were a breeder of high quality R.R.s, and sold half ownership in 2 showline R.R.s, and you drove a long distance to see the place where these 2 pups were living, and later found out that your partners had only put up a safe kennel just before you arrived(they previously owned 3 R.R.s all killed by vehicles, no safe kennel for them) , and had hid their other dog in a horse trailer for 2 days so you wouldnt know they owned another breed....... would you consider that deceitful? ...
Our shelves are stocked with a full line of pet products from toys, leashes, collars, shampoos, supplements and more, at costs lower than the big box stores. We are also happy to order anything we dont have in stock. We are worth the drive. ...
James Bond kullen *17.11.2014 Snoddas SE VCH Swinging Tails Lode Star Kettu Krokasmedens Pikku Kettu 30.01.2006 HD A // ED UA Ögon UA 12.03.2014 prcd-PRA clear DE carrier 01.06.2010 HD B1 // ED 0/0 Ögon UA 12.03.2014 prcd-PRA carrier DE carrier tollingprov 3:pris nbkl tollingprov 3:pris nbkl JP/R, JEPs, Langschleppe 800m/1200m utställning 2:pris ökl utställning […]. ...
The examined animal is homozygos for the wildtype-allele. It does not carry the causative mutation for JLPP in the RAB3GAP1-gene. ...
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In the United States, the organization responsible for the greatest number of dog shows is the American Kennel Club. Among its many functions, the AKC m...
Try to avoid very common words like "vom", "von", "der", "aus", etc.. and stick to the kennel + name for best results. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Feline infectious peritonitis viruses arise by mutation from endemic feline enteric coronaviruses. AU - Vennema, Harry. AU - Poland, Amy. AU - Foley, Janet E. AU - Pedersen, Niels C. PY - 1998/3/30. Y1 - 1998/3/30. N2 - Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) strains from six cats and three different geographic areas were compared genetically with feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) isolates obtained from cats inhabiting the same environments. Sequence comparisons were made from 1.2- to 8.9-kb segments on the 3 end of the genome. FECV/FIPV pairs from the same catteries or shelters were 97.3-99.5% related but were genetically distinct from FIPV and FECV strains obtained from cats living in geographically distinct environments. The high genetic similarity between FECVs and FIPVs from the same environment strongly suggested a common ancestry. Based on the presence of deletion mutations in the FIPVs and not in the FECVs, it was concluded that FIPVs evolved as mutants of FECVs. The ...
Feline coronavirus (FCoV) is endemic in feral cat populations and cat colonies, frequently preceding outbreaks of fatal feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). FCoV exhibits 2 biotypes: the pathogenic disease and a benign infection with feline enteric coronavirus (FECV). Uncertainty remains regarding whether genetically distinctive avirulent and virulent forms coexist or whether an avirulent form mutates in vivo, causing FIP. To resolve these alternative hypotheses, we isolated viral sequences from FCoV-infected clinically healthy and sick cats (8 FIP cases and 48 FECV-asymptomatic animals); 735 sequences from 4 gene segments were generated and subjected to phylogenetic analyses. Viral sequences from healthy cats were distinct from sick cats on the basis of genetic distances observed in the membrane and nonstructural protein 7b genes. These data demonstrate distinctive circulating virulent and avirulent strains in natural populations. In addition, 5 membrane protein amino acid residues with functional
Cell-mediated immunity is thought to play a decisive role in protecting cats against feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a progressive and lethal coronavirus disease. In view of the potential of DNA vaccines to induce cell-mediated responses, their efficacy to induce protective immunity in cats was evaluated. The membrane (M) and nucleocapsid ... read more (N) proteins were chosen as antigens, because antibodies to the spike (S) protein of FIP virus (FIPV) are known to precipitate pathogenesis. However, vaccination by repeated injections of plasmids encoding these proteins did not protect kittens against challenge infection with FIPV. Also, a prime boost protocol failed to afford protection, with priming using plasmid DNA and boosting using recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing the same coronavirus proteins. Because of the role of IL-12 in initiating cell-mediated immunity, the effects of co-delivery of plasmids encoding the feline cytokine were studied. Again, IL-12 did not meet expectations ...
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a highly fatal systemic disease in cats, caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection. FCoV usually has little clinical significance; however, a mutation of...
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a fatal disease in cats caused by a Coronavirus. During FIPv infection the T-cell population is depleted. This is seen in many other diseases, such as measles and AIDS. In these two diseases, the Dendritic Cell (DC) has been shown to play a role ... read more in T-cell depletion. This study endeavours to prove if such a mechanism exists in FIP. In order to investigate permissiveness of DCs for FIPv, a growth curve was produced. This growth curve showed prolonged viral reproduction to intermediate titres. As T-cell depletion during FIPv infection occurs at least partly through apoptosis, a TUNEL assay was used to evaluate this. FACS analysis of infected and non-infected co-cultures of DCs with Thymocytes revealed no difference in apoptosis levels. These data suggest that T-cell depletion during FIPv infection does not occur through apoptosis initiated by FIPv-infected DCs. show less ...
Feline Infectious Peritonitis or FIP is a fatal viral disease that creates a lot of fear and confusion in shelters. Find out information on the causes, transmissions, symptoms, and treatments.
FIP is the most misdiagnosed cat disease. Theres no FIP test. A series of tests must be done to confirm an FIP/Feline Infectious Peritonitis diagnosis.
Im willing to bet that …. When your dogs daycare, training facility or kennel asks for a kennel cough vaccine, you vaccinate your dog … am I right?. And why wouldnt you? You want to protect your dog (and other dogs) from illness and you trust your vet or daycare provider to have your dogs best interests at heart, like any caring dog lover would.. But Im here to tell you some things that will make you question whether the kennel cough vaccines your dog has been getting are actually in his best interests… or all just a lie.. What You Should Know About The Kennel Cough Vaccine. Bordetella, also known as kennel cough, is a vaccine thats been required by groomers, boarding kennels, training facilities and veterinary hospitals for years. Its become a routine requirement for any dog that spends time with other dogs (which is nearly all dogs).. The fact that a vaccine exists is surprising in itself. Kennel cough is almost always a self limiting disease thats about as dangerous to your dog ...
What Is Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)?. Feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection is very common in cats; around 40% of the domestic cat population has been FCoV infected, and this figure increases to 90% in multi-cat households.1-2 A study of owned cats in Sydney reported a seroprevalence of 34%.3 Natural infections with FCoV are often transient and asymptomatic or result in mild gastrointestinal disease. However, occasionally, FCoV infection results in the multisystemic disease of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP),4 the single most important infectious cause of death in young cats4. No cure for FIP exists and it is an extremely distressing disease to deal with, for both cat owners and veterinary surgeons.. What Causes FIP?. Viral factors are thought to be important, and a recent Dutch study5 has identified mutations in the FCoV spike protein that distinguish FIP-associated FCoVs from those not associated with FIP. By these and perhaps other mutations, the virus could acquire its macrophage ...
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is one of the leading causes of death among young cats . Since FIP is an immune-mediated viral disease, studies using immunological approaches are crucial for a better understanding of the illness, particularly by using clinical samples of FIP cases before further studies utilizing experimental infection in cats could be justified. Detection of FCoV antigen in affected tissues by immunohistochemistry remains the gold standard in the confirmation of FIP .. One of the limitations of this study is that definitive confirmation of FIP was not made due to the unavailability of post-mortem samples. Therefore, the cats were selected based on their FCoV antibody and antigen status. In addition, the selected FCoV-positive cats were grouped according to the presence of peritoneal effusions at the time of clinical evaluation. Although we could not confirm the status of FIP in these cats, this study provides a preliminary examination on the array of immune mediators ...
Kennel cough Q: I have read your FAQ on kennel cough, I have a 9 week old chocolate lab, which we purchased her when she was six and half weeks old, from a well known breeder.When she was about 8 weeks old, she came down with a continuous and persistant coughing and hacking. Ive taken her to our vet and he recommended using Robitussin DM , two teaspoon before bed time. It seems to be working, or that she is getting better by herself. Weve only given her two or three days of Robtussin. My question is, can a dog get kennel cough again? Like children can catch a cold several times, is it possible for a dog to get it more than once, and if so, what can be do about it? Thank you for your time . Herb Herb- A: There are several causes of coughing associated with tracheobronchitis, all of which get lumped under the general name "kennel cough" at times. So it is possible for a dog to get kennel cough from two or three different causes in one lifetime. In addition to that, the most common cause of ...
In the past, expression of a viral protein, the 7b protein, was postulated to occur only with virulent FCoV, and thus some authors have held that cats with antibodies to this protein were likely to have FIP. A presentation by Kennedy (Kennedy MA. Diagnostic methods for feline viral pathogens. Proc. 21st ACVIM Forum, Charlotte, NC, 2003, 733-735) stated that while cats with FIP are consistently antibody positive for this protein, it may also be present in healthy cats ...
When Rosie & Ebony were younger my friend who got their sister & brother came to visit me without her dogs because they had kennel cough. Four days later both of mine got kennel cough. When I went to see the vet he confirmed that kennel cough can be transferred by Clothing & shoes. The lady running the agility classes got one of her dogs come down with kennel cough, I only saw it on face book so I decided not to go to her class yesterday. My dilemma is that two people that attend her
Accurate and up to date information on FCoV, the cause of FIP, from Dr Diane Addie, lecturer and researcher in this field based at Glasgow University, UK. ...
... Instructions for use :- Can be given 0.8ml per month,or when a dog has kennel cough or has been exposed to it can be given 0.8ml daily straight into their mouth.Contains- Kennel cough nosodes blended into a herbal tonic of Echinacea, Wild Thyme and Wild Sage.(Nosodes are prepared by homeopathic dilution. Although they have been used for many years, they have not been subject
Note 1 (HA cleaving factors): The extent of infection into host organism is determined by HA. Influenza viruses bud from the apical surface of polarized epithelial cells (e.g. bronchial epithelial cells) into lumen of lungs and are therefore usually pneumotropic. The reason is that HA ,font color=purple,is cleaved by tryptase clara which is restricted to lungs. However, HAs of H5 and H7 pantropic avian viruses subtypes can be cleaved by furin and subtilisin-type enzymes, allowing the virus to grow in other organs than lungs.,/font, [[http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q9WFX3 1 ...
Note 1 (HA cleaving factors): The extent of infection into host organism is determined by HA. Influenza viruses bud from the apical surface of polarized epithelial cells (e.g. bronchial epithelial cells) into lumen of lungs and are therefore usually pneumotropic. The reason is that HA ,font color=purple,is cleaved by tryptase clara which is restricted to lungs. However, HAs of H5 and H7 pantropic avian viruses subtypes can be cleaved by furin and subtilisin-type enzymes, allowing the virus to grow in other organs than lungs.,/font, [[http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q9WFX3 1 ...
Your vet will recommend treatment based on the severity of illness in your dog. Many dogs recover without treatment, so your dog may simply require monitoring to ensure the symptoms are not worsening. For dogs with severe coughs, a cough suppressant may be prescribed, and in some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to combat bacterial infections. If your dog has symptoms such as fever, lethargy and loss of appetite, more intensive treatment will be recommended.. Pressure from a collar can exacerbate kennel cough symptoms, so switching to a harness is recommended for the duration of the illness.. Prevention of Kennel ...
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Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) occurs in pigs resulting in vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. It is ... Many of the same agents cause gastroenteritis in cats and dogs as in humans. The most common organisms are Campylobacter, ... Weese, JS (March 2011). "Bacterial enteritis in dogs and cats: diagnosis, therapy, and zoonotic potential". Veterinary Clinics ...
Viral infections such as canine parainfluenza or canine coronavirus are only shed for roughly 1 week following recovery; ... followed by canine parainfluenza virus (37.7% of cases), and to a lesser extent canine coronavirus (9.8% of cases). It is ... This has potentially expanded the vector from currently or recently infected dogs to half the dog population as carriers. To ... Kennel cough (also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis) is an upper respiratory infection affecting dogs. There are ...
These include canine distemper virus (dogs), phocine distemper virus (seals), cetacean morbillivirus (dolphins and porpoises) ... Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense RNA genome and with a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. They infect ... They are the cause of a wide range of diseases in cats, dog, pigs, rodents, cattle and humans. Transmission is by the faecal- ...
... and canine coronavirus, it most importantly protects against the debilitating and deadly disease canine distemper, an often ... D for canine distemper, A2 for canine adenovirus type 2, which offers cross-protection to canine adenovirus type 1 (the more ... Also, even if the dog owner is not concerned about adenovirus, coronavirus, parvovirus, or parainfluenza, they should vaccinate ... Because infectious canine hepatitis is another name for canine adenovirus type 1, an H is sometimes used instead of A. In ...
All the cases of SARS associated with the outbreak appeared to be part of the bat branch of the coronavirus phylogeny. Asian ... Evidence of virus infection was also detected in other animals including a raccoon dog, and in humans working at the same ... Isolation and characterization of viruses related to the SARS coronavirus from animals in southern China. Science 302 (5643): ... Kong and the Guangzhou Centre for Disease Control and Prevention established a direct genetic link between the SARS coronavirus ...
... coronavirus MeSH B04.820.504.540.150.150 --- coronavirus, bovine MeSH B04.820.504.540.150.160 --- coronavirus, canine MeSH ... coronavirus MeSH B04.909.777.500.540.150.150 --- coronavirus, bovine MeSH B04.909.777.500.540.150.160 --- coronavirus, canine ... coronavirus 229e, human MeSH B04.820.504.540.150.220 --- coronavirus oc43, human MeSH B04.820.504.540.150.260 --- coronavirus, ... coronavirus oc43, human MeSH B04.909.777.500.540.150.260 --- coronavirus, rat MeSH B04.909.777.500.540.150.300 --- coronavirus ...
... canine parainfluenza virus QI07AD11 Canine coronavirus QI07AD12 Canine coronavirus + canine parvovirus QI07AD13 Canine parapox ... live canine parvovirus + inactivated canine coronavirus QI07AH05 Live canine distemper virus + live canine adenovirus + live ... live canine parvovirus + inactivated canine coronavirus + inactivated leptospira QI07AJ11 Live canine parvovirus + live canine ... canine parainfluenza virus QI07AD05 Canine distemper virus QI07AD06 Canine distemper virus + canine adenovirus QI07AD07 Canine ...
Canine coronavirus , Human coronavirus 229E, Human coronavirus NL63, Miniopterus bat coronavirus 1, Miniopterus bat coronavirus ... Rhinolophus bat coronavirus HKU2 and Scotophilus bat coronavirus 512. Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus Coronavirus ... This genus contains what were previously considered phylogroup 1 coronaviruses. Both the alpha- and beta-coronavirus lineages ... "Isolation and characterization of a novel Betacoronavirus subgroup A coronavirus, rabbit coronavirus HKU14, from domestic ...
Bovine coronavirus and canine respiratory coronavirus diverged from a common ancestor in 1951. Bovine coronavirus and human ... Human coronavirus 229E Human coronavirus OC43 SARS-CoV Human Coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63, New Haven coronavirus) Human ... Bulbul coronavirus HKU11, Munia coronavirus HKU13, Thrush coronavirus HKU12 The most recent common ancestor of the coronavirus ... Human coronavirus HKU1, Murine coronavirus, Pipistrellus Bat coronavirus HKU5, Rousettus Bat coronavirus HKU9, Severe acute ...
CaCV is not to be confused with canine coronavirus, another diarrhea-causing agent within the family Coronaviridae, or porcine ... Canine distempter and parvovirus (genotype 2) were the most common co-infectors in a group of domestic dogs and other wild ... a young (1 year) male domestic dog's liver was analyzed for the presence of an infective agent. The dog was initially brought ... submitted a publication in 2016 on a dual infection incident of CaCV and canine parvovirus in a breeding colony of dogs. Two ...
... and canine coronavirus increase a dog's risk of severe infection. Dogs who catch Parvovirus usually die from the dehydration it ... Dogs have a distinctive odor in the later stages of the infection. The white blood cell level falls, further weakening the dog ... Canine parvovirus may infect other mammals including foxes, wolves, cats, and skunks; however, it will not infect humans. Dogs ... Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV2, colloquially parvo) is a contagious virus mainly affecting dogs, and thought to originate in ...
Alphacoronavirus 1 also includes the canine coronavirus (CCoV) and the porcine transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV ... Dr ADDIE website focused research about FIP Coronavirus Site général Coronavirus site général Coronavirus Pictures. ... II Strains 79-1683 and 79-1146 Originate from a Double Recombination between Feline Coronavirus Type I and Canine Coronavirus ... canine, porcine, and human coronaviruses in serogroup I". Journal of Virology. 70 (12): 8669-74. PMC 190961 . PMID 8970993. ...
A more serious complication of canine coronavirus occurs when the dog is also infected with canine parvovirus. Coronavirus ... Recently, a second type of canine coronavirus (Group II) has been shown to cause respiratory disease in dogs. Known as canine ... who are more susceptible to canine coronavirus, and to dogs that have a high risk of exposure, such as show dogs. ... Canine coronavirus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease worldwide in dogs ...
Virus was also later found in raccoon dogs (Nyctereuteus sp.), ferret badgers (Melogale spp.), and domestic cats. In 2005, two ... SARS-Coronavirus follows the replication strategy typical of the Coronavirus genus. The morphology of the SARS coronavirus is ... The SARS coronavirus is a positive and single stranded RNA virus belonging to a family of enveloped coronaviruses. Its genome ... The sequence of the SARS coronavirus has since been confirmed by other independent groups. The SARS coronavirus is one of ...
Other coronaviruses belonging to Alphacoronavirus 1 species include Feline coronavirus, Canine coronavirus and Feline ... Coronaviruses also infect the respiratory tract, and they can be used to target antigens to that area and generate some immune ... Coronaviruses enter the host by first attaching to the host cell using the spike glycoprotein. The S protein interacts with the ... The same cell receptor is also a point of contact for Human Coronaviruses. A domain in the S spike protein is recognized by ...
... and canine coronavirus, should be made between an owner and a veterinarian, taking into account factors specific to the dog. ... Aging in dogs Dog anatomy Senior dog diets Dog odor Hypoallergenic dog food Shaw, SE; Day, MJ; Birtles, RJ; Breitschwerdt, EB ( ... Canine herpesvirus Canine influenza Bacterial diseases in dogs are usually not contagious from dog to dog; instead they are ... canine parvovirus, canine distemper, and infectious canine hepatitis (using canine adenovirus type 2 to avoid reaction). The ...
Aspergilloisis Avian influenza in cats Bone cancer in cats and dogs Bladder cancer in cats and dogs Cancer in cats Cat flu, an ... eye syndrome Ectopia lentis Eosinophilic granuloma Feline acne Feline asthma Feline cognitive dysfunction Feline coronavirus ... "Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses of Dogs and Cats". Animals. 4 (3): 434-445. doi:10.3390/ani4030434. ISSN 2076-2615. PMC ... Lyme disease Lymphocytopenia Mastocytoma Miliary dermatitis Otitis externa in animals Paragonimus Polyneuropathy in dogs and ...
The coronavirus which causes ECE has a counterpart strain that has more systemic effects with a higher mortality rate. This ... Canine distemper (CD) is an extremely contagious virus that is considered always fatal. Being strict indoor pets does not ... Viral diseases include canine distemper and influenza. Certain health problems have also been linked to ferrets being neutered ... A ferret with partial immunity to distemper can be exposed to canine distemper and go through an incubation period of up to six ...
Generally not recommended, owing to unproven efficacy, are: canine coronavirus, canine adenovirus-1 (which also causes ... Programs supporting regular vaccination of dogs have contributed both to the health of dogs and to the public health. In ... "2011 AAHA Canine Vaccination Guidelines" (PDF). American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Canine Vaccination Task Force. 2011 ... canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) and CPV-2 (canine parvovirus). Non-core vaccines are those that are required by only ...
Canine coronavirus is a gastrointestinal disease that is usually asymptomatic or with mild clinical signs. The signs are worse ... Please see the article dog health for information on this disease in dogs. Canine parvovirus is a sometimes fatal ... although the close relationship of dogs with humans makes canine rabies a zoonotic concern. Vaccination of dogs for rabies is ... This list of dog diseases is a selection of diseases and other conditions found in the dog. Some of these diseases are unique ...
"Susceptibility of ferrets, cats, dogs, and other domesticated animals to SARS-coronavirus 2". Science: eabb7015. doi:10.1126/ ... "Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the ... "Q&A on coronaviruses". World Health Organization (WHO). മൂലതാളിൽ നിന്നും 20 January 2020-ന് ആർക്കൈവ് ചെയ്തത്. ശേഖരിച്ചത് 27 ... "Q&A on coronaviruses". World Health Organization (WHO). 11 February 2020. മൂലതാളിൽ നിന്നും 20 January 2020-ന് ആർക്കൈവ് ചെയ്തത് ...
Vertical section of a villus from the dog's small intestine. X 80. (Simple columnar epithelium labeled at right, third from top ... such as coronaviruses, influenza virus and rhinoviruses. These viruses may kill the ciliated cells or stop the cilia beating. ...
"Discovery of seven novel mammalian and avian coronaviruses in the genus Deltacoronavirus supports bat coronaviruses as the gene ... Dogs are, by far, the main source of human rabies deaths, contributing up to 99% of all rabies transmissions to humans ... Coronaviruses are positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses with four genera, Alphacoronaviruses, betacoronaviruses, ... These include Ebola virus, SARS, and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Left unrecognized and untreated, the ...
Rabbits, dogs, mice, and other mammals ingestion of spores Middle East respiratory syndrome MERS coronavirus bats, camels close ... dogs, rodents, other animals. sandfly bite Leprosy Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium lepromatosis armadillos, monkeys ... dogs, rodents tick bite Ross River fever Ross River virus kangaroos, wallabies, horses, opossums, birds, flying foxes mosquito ... SARS coronavirus bats, civets close contact, respiratory droplets Swine influenza any strain of the influenza virus endemic in ...
COVID-19 forårsages af SARS-CoV-2, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, en Coronavirus med membrankappe, ... Dog har nye genetiske undersøgelser ændret på denne opfattelse, da det har vist sig at virus nedstammer fra en fælles stamform ... Dog kan nært beslægtede vira (efter Baltimore-klassifikationen) inficere forskellige værter. 2/3 af alle kendte vira inficerer ... SARS eller akut luftvejssyndrom forårsages af SARS-CoV, en Coronavirus med proteinkappe og et genom af +ssRNA med omkring ...
ኮሮናቫይረስ (Coronavirus)  ከጥሬ ሥጋ እንደሚተላለፍ ወይም እንደማይተላለፍ መረጃው ስለሌለ ሥጋን በጥንቃቄ መያዝና ኣብስሎ መብላት ይመከራል።     [ ... "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog." የሚለውን የእንግሊዝኛ ዓረፍተ ነገር "ዘ ኲክ ብራውን ፎክስ ጀምፕስ ኦቨር ዘ ሌይዚ ዶግ።" ብሎ ሞክሼውን ሳይቀንሱ ጭምር ... "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog." በእንግሊዝኛ በ37 መርገጫዎች ተጽፎ 36 ስፍራዎች ይወስዳል።   ይህ የእጅ ስልኮችንም (Smartphones) ... 875] በነገራችን ላይ ኮሮናቫይረስ እንጂ ኮሮና ወይም ኮሮና ቫይረስ የሚባል ቫይረስ የለም። በእንግሊዝኛም ስሙ coronavirus ነው።  ...
The Chinese city of Shenzhen has banned the eating of dogs and cats as part of a wider clampdown on the wildlife trade since ... Dogs, in particular, are eaten in several parts of Asia. Liu Jianping, an official with the Shenzhen Center for Disease ... Scientists suspect the coronavirus passed to humans from animals. Some of the earliest infections were found in people who had ... "Dogs and cats as pets have established a much closer relationship with humans than all other animals, and banning the ...
Use the Dog Health Guide for common sense information on dog illnesses and care. ... Canine Coronavirus is one of the most common viral infections in dogs. ... Canine Coronavirus is a highly contagious virus caused by dog feces that is ingested (licked, inhaled or eaten) by your dog. ... "Canine coronavirus (CCoV) is a highly contagious disease in dogs that causes inflammation in a dogs intestinal tract (called ...
Canine coronavirus (strain BGF10) (CCoV) (Canine enteric coronavirus). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot. ... sp,Q7T6S8,NCAP_CVCBG Nucleoprotein OS=Canine coronavirus (strain BGF10) OX=441619 GN=N PE=3 SV=1 ...
A more serious complication of canine coronavirus occurs when the dog is also infected with canine parvovirus. Coronavirus ... Recently, a second type of canine coronavirus (Group II) has been shown to cause respiratory disease in dogs. Known as canine ... who are more susceptible to canine coronavirus, and to dogs that have a high risk of exposure, such as show dogs. ... Canine coronavirus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease worldwide in dogs ...
Surrounding yourself with furry creatures blissfully unaware of your ADHD-fueled coronavirus fears, and letting them calm you ... Nosework is a dog-plus-me team sport that requires my dogs to find a hidden scent, ignoring distractions. Weve earned our ... The Perfect Antidote to Pandemic Worries? My Dogs. My dogs are blissfully unaware of my Big Worry. They dont know why everyone ... We were warned to put distance between us, to block dogs from drinking from the same bowl, to avoid petting anyone elses dog ...
Buddy, first dog to test positive for coronavirus dies in New York. Buddys health declined steadily after he developed ... A USDA database of confirmed cases of the coronavirus in animals in the United States includes 12 dogs, 10 cats, a tiger and a ... Home / Health / Buddy, first dog to test positive for coronavirus dies in New York ... Buddy, first dog to test positive for coronavirus dies in New York ...
The Chinese city of Shenzhen has banned the eating of dogs and cats as part of a wider clampdown on the wildlife trade since ... China coronavirus: Authorities in the southern Chinese technology hub said the ban on eating dogs and cats would come into ... Track Coronavirus pandemic in India and get the latest COVID-19 news from around the world on ndtv.com/coronavirus ... Chinese city of ShenzhenDogs and catseating of dogs and cats ... Dogs, in particular, are eaten in several parts of Asia.. Liu ...
The first dog to test positive for the coronavirus in the United States has died, National Geographic magazine reported, after ... The first dog to test positive for the coronavirus in the United States has died, National Geographic magazine reported, after ... Twelve dogs and 10 cats have tested positive for coronavirus in the US, according to National Geographic. ... Coronavirus reappears in Chinese woman more than five months after she recovered from initial infection. South China Morning ...
Canine coronavirus (CCoV) is usually responsible for mild, self-limiting infections restricted to the enteric tract. We report ... Three different coronaviruses have been identified in dogs (2,3). Canine coronavirus (CCoV) type I and type II are included in ... Canine coronavirus infection in the dog following oronasal inoculation. Res Vet Sci. 1991;51:11-8. DOIPubMed ... J. Detection of a group 2 coronavirus in dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease. Virology. 2003;310:216-23.PubMed ...
Seroepidemiological survey of canine distemper, canine parvovirus, canine coronavirus, canine adenovirus type-2, and canine ... Canine coronavirus highly pathogenic for dogs. Canine coronavirus highly pathogenic for dogs. Buonavoglia, C.; Decaro, N.; ... A case of mixed infection of canine parvovirus and canine coronavirus electron microscopy and recovery of canine coronavirus. ... Molecular characterization of canine parvovirus and canine enteric coronavirus in diarrheic dogs on the island of St. Kitts: ...
If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
Canine coronavirus is not the most well-known dog disease yet its more common than infectious diseases, such as Parvovirus and ... Canine coronavirus is not the most well-known dog disease yet its more common than infectious diseases, such as Parvovirus and ... Dog Nutrition. What Is Dehydrated Dog Food & Is It Good for Dogs?. ... In one study, the mortality rate went from 0% for dogs with Parvovirus alone to 89% when Parvovirus and coronavirus were both ...
Canine coronavirus (CCoV) is usually responsible for mild, self-limiting infections restricted to the enteric tract. We report ... Canine Coronavirus Highly Pathogenic for Dogs Canio Buonavoglia*. , Nicola Decaro*, Vito Martella*, Gabriella Elia*, Marco ... Neighbor-joining tree of the spike protein of canine coronavirus (CCoV) and feline coronavirus (FCoV). The following reference ... The scale bar represents 20 substitutions per 100 sequence positions.feline coronavirus (FCoV). The following reference strains ...
Shenzhen has banned consumption of dogs and cats as part of a clampdown on the wildlife trade since the emergence of the novel ... VIDEO: Even dogs and cats are wearing face masks in China over coronavirus fears. Fearing that their pets could contract the ... Cats can spread coronavirus to other cats: Study. A team of Chinese researchers has revealed that cats can pass coronavirus to ... Dogs, in particular, are eaten in several parts of Asia.. The citys campaign to stop the eating of wildlife has won praise ...
... of canine coronavirus (CCoV), were recently identified in dogs in Europe. To assess the distribution of the TGEV-like CCoV ... Coronaviruses of potential recombinant origin with porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), referred to as a new ... subtype, during 2001-2008 we tested fecal samples from dogs with gastroenteritis. Of 1,172 samples, 493 (42.06%) were positive ... Decaro N, Pratelli A, Campolo M, Elia G, Martella V, Tempesta M, Quantitation of canine coronavirus RNA in the faeces of dogs ...
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... of canine coronavirus (CCoV), were recently identified in dogs in Europe. To assess the distribution of the TGEV-like CCoV ... Coronaviruses of potential recombinant origin with porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), referred to as a new ... subtype, during 2001-2008 we tested fecal samples from dogs with gastroenteritis. Of 1,172 samples, 493 (42.06%) were positive ... Recombinant Canine Coronaviruses in Dogs, Europe Nicola Decaro. , Viviana Mari, Gabriella Elia, Diane D. Addie, Michele Camero ...
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Dont abandon us, we dont transmit coronavirus, say Cairo dogs and cats. Posted on May 27, 2020. By Nancy Lapid ... "Please dont worry, dogs dont transmit the coronavirus," said Snowys owner, a young girl named Julia Joseph. "God created ... We dont spread the coronavirus.. "We started this campaign after noticing that there were many people leaving dogs and cats ... Dont abandon us, we dont transmit coronavirus, say Cairo dogs and cats ...
A similar strategy was used to characterize the spike proteins of canine coronaviruses associated with fatal enteritis in dogs ... Role Of The Viral Spike Protein In Feline And Canine Coronavirus Pathogenesis. ... The coronavirus spike protein is a critical determinant of cell tropism and pathogenicity. It is expressed on the viral surface ... into the genetic and biochemical properties of spike that influence the in vivo pathogenesis of feline and canine coronaviruses ...
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Coronavirus Coronavirus, Canine Coronavirus Infections Disease Outbreaks Dispatch Dog Dog Diseases Dogs Mortality Phylogeny ... The canine bufavirus was distantly related to the well-known canine protoparvovirus, canine parvovirus type 2, sharing low ... of canine coronavirus (CCoV), were recently identified in dogs in Europe. To assess the distribution of the TGEV... ... Canine coronavirus (CCoV) is usually responsible for mild, self-limiting infections restricted to the enteric tract. We report ...
CCoVEnteric coronavirus2020InfectionPositive for coronavirusOutbreakDistemper virusCoronaviridaeViralPandemicGastroenteritis coronavirusPathogenicHumansStrainsVirusesType of canine coronavirusRespiratory diseaseContagiousSusceptibleHuman coronavirusesVaccinesFecesLockdownSpeciesInfectProtection against canine distemperSymptomsAdenovirusFCoVBovineProteinInfectionsPreventionGenomeFatalWuhanParvovirus typeSARSAntigenRabiesCasesCRCoVVaccinateBatsSingle strandedParainfluenza virusVirusContain coronavirusVaccinationEnteritis in dogsCatsMildStrainAntibodies
- Canine coronavirus (CCoV) is a highly contagious disease in dogs that causes inflammation in a dogs intestinal tract (called enteritis). (dog-health-guide.org)
- Canine coronavirus (CCoV) is usually responsible for mild, self-limiting infections restricted to the enteric tract. (cdc.gov)
- Canine coronavirus (CCoV) type I and type II are included in group 1 coronaviruses, and their evolution is related to that of feline coronavirus (FCoV) type I and type II. (cdc.gov)
- Coronaviruses of potential recombinant origin with porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), referred to as a new subtype (IIb) of canine coronavirus (CCoV), were recently identified in dogs in Europe. (cdc.gov)
- To assess the distribution of the TGEV-like CCoV subtype, during 2001-2008 we tested fecal samples from dogs with gastroenteritis. (cdc.gov)
- The 2 CCoV genotypes are commonly detected in the feces of dogs with diarrhea and often simultaneously infect the same dog ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
- Neighbor-joining tree of the spike protein of canine coronavirus (CCoV) and feline coronavirus (FCoV). (cdc.gov)
- Phylogenetic analysis of canine coronavirus (CCoV) type IIb. (cdc.gov)
- There are two types of canine coronavirus (CCoV), one that causes mild gastrointestinal disease and one that has been found to cause respiratory disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Alphacoronavirus 1 also includes the canine coronavirus (CCoV) and the porcine transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV). (wikipedia.org)
- FCoV type II is a recombinant virus type I with spike genes (S protein) replacement from FCoV by the canine enteric coronavirus (CCOV) spikes. (wikipedia.org)
- Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of canine enteric coronavirus (type 1) by reverse transcription coupled real time polymerase chain reaction. (zoologix.com)
- Feline Coronavirus: two forms, Feline enteric coronavirus is a pathogen of minor clinical significance, but spontaneous mutation of this virus can result in feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a disease associated with high mortality. (wikipedia.org)
- Similarly, there are two types of coronavirus that infect ferrets: Ferret enteric coronavirus causes a gastrointestinal syndrome known as epizootic catarrhal enteritis (ECE), and a more lethal systemic version of the virus (like FIP in cats) known in ferrets as ferret systemic coronavirus (FSC). (wikipedia.org)
- the FECV (feline enteric coronavirus) that infects the intestines and the FIPV (feline infectious peritonitis virus) that causes the disease feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). (wikipedia.org)
- Feline enteric coronavirus is responsible for an infection of the mature gastrointestinal epithelial cells (see also enterocytes, brush border, microvilli, villi). (wikipedia.org)
- Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a fatal, incurable disease caused by Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus (FIPV), which is a mutation of Feline Enteric Coronavirus (FECV/FeCoV). (wikipedia.org)
- However, in February 2020, the Hong Kong Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department reported on a case of a pet dog testing "weak positive" to the COVID-19 virus. (psychologytoday.com)
- It's February, the month of love, and you are going to be smitten with these February 2020 dog events and premieres. (dogster.com)
- Coronavirus infection of the intestinal villi makes the cells more susceptible to parvovirus infection. (wikipedia.org)
- The disease is highly contagious and is spread through the feces of infected dogs, who usually shed the virus for six to nine days, but sometimes for six months following infection. (wikipedia.org)
- The virus affects dogs of every age, with puppies being more susceptible to the infection. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The infection is very difficult to control and eliminate, since even when using a disinfectant to clean a kennel, contact between dogs can still spread the disease. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The Veterinarian has to determine if your dog has Coronavirus and the symptoms of canine coronavirus infection or the similar and more severe parvovirus , or a digestive problem. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Coronavirus infection in dogs is usually restricted to the enteric tract. (cdc.gov)
- On occasion, deaths have been attributed to coronavirus infection. (k9magazine.com)
- Similarly, the coronavirus is a highly contagious viral disease that can occur at the same time as a parvovirus infection. (petcarerx.com)
- A targeted sequencing approach was undertaken to identify mutations in a key viral activation site that correlate with the development of systemic disease after feline coronavirus infection. (cornell.edu)
- Coronavirus infection is a highly contagious infection of dogs that primarily attacks the intestinal tract. (vetstreet.com)
- Coronavirus infection is typically diagnosed based on clinical signs, although definitive laboratory testing is available. (vetstreet.com)
- Because the clinical signs can be similar to those of more serious diseases (such as intestinal parasitism, parvovirus infection, and canine distemper virus), your veterinarian may recommend testing to rule out other illnesses. (vetstreet.com)
- Coronavirus can be killed by many types of household disinfectants (including diluted bleach solution), so cleaning contaminated areas and bedding can also help reduce the spread of this infection. (vetstreet.com)
- A vaccine is available to prevent canine coronavirus infection. (vetstreet.com)
- Dogs can shed for weeks or months post-infection. (vetstream.com)
- There is significant concern over the recent increase in Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the US and how to keep our pets safe. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- In this scenario, your cat was a fomite for coronavirus infection. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Less than 1% of cats can develop a more severe coronavirus infection called FIP or Feline Infectious Peritonitis. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- A second dog in Hong Kong has an infection of the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19, likely contracted from its infected owner, authorities there announced Thursday. (vin.com)
- In Hong Kong, neither dog has shown any clinical signs related to the virus, despite the test results indicating infection, according to government authorities. (vin.com)
- The mortality rate for canine coronavirus infection alone is usually very low, but deaths have been reported in some kennels, especially in pups. (zoologix.com)
- After a dog tested positive for COVID-19 in Hong Kong last week, people became increasingly worried about the safety of their furry friend and if they can get the infection and spread it too. (truthdive.com)
- Unfortunately, that was the case for an Ohio woman who contracted a rare infection after her dog licked a slightly infected scratch and she ended up having to have both her legs and hands amputated. (lifehacker.com)
- Infection is both serious and widespread in dogs. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Nonetheless, some of the dogs and the human patient in the trial received antibiotics, and doctors and other caregivers used standard anti-infection measures, such as wearing protective gowns and gloves. (sciencemag.org)
- A local veterinarian is warning pet owners about a deadly fungal infection affecting dogs in central Indiana. (fox59.com)
- Vietnam's coastal city of Danang plans to test its entire population of 1.1 million people for coronavirus infection, governing authorities said today, as 40 new cases linked to the tourist hotspot were reported across the country. (yahoo.com)
- Canine parvovirus is a sometimes fatal gastrointestinal infection that mainly affects puppies. (wikipedia.org)
- There is an increased risk of infection associated with amount of time spent outdoors, a larger roaming space accessed by the dog, and increasing age. (wikipedia.org)
- Dogs have a distinctive odor in the later stages of the infection. (wikipedia.org)
- Clinically, the intestinal form of the infection can sometimes be confused with coronavirus or other forms of enteritis. (wikipedia.org)
- Kennel cough (also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis) is an upper respiratory infection affecting dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- Kennel cough is so named because the infection can spread quickly among dogs in the close quarters of a kennel or animal shelter. (wikipedia.org)
- While there was early evidence to suggest that B. bronchiseptica could be shed for many months post-infection, a more recent report places detectable nasal and pharyngeal levels of B. bronchiseptica in 45.6% of all clinically healthy dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- Evidence of virus infection was also detected in other animals including a raccoon dog, and in humans working at the same market. (wikipedia.org)
- The most commonly recommended viruses to vaccinate dogs against are: Rabies CDV (canine distemper) CAV-2 (canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) CPV-2 (canine parvovirus) Kennel cough is a respiratory infection that can be easily transmitted from one dog to another. (wikipedia.org)
- One of the most common fungal diseases in dogs is ringworm, or dermatophytosis, an infection of the skin, hair, or nails. (wikipedia.org)
- Ciliated columnar epithelium moves mucus and other substances via cilia and is found in the upper respiratory tract, the Fallopian tubes, the uterus, and the central part of the spinal cord.They are the primary target of infection for "common cold viruses" such as coronaviruses, influenza virus and rhinoviruses. (wikipedia.org)
- The mother acquires infection from ingesting food that contains animal products such as hot dogs, unpasteurized milk, delicatessen meats, and cheese. (wikipedia.org)
- It was discovered in 1971 in Germany during an outbreak in sentry dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- And it's no wonder, since the outbreak - which now affects more than 27 countries outside of China, where the Wuhan coronavirus originated - has been declared a global health emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO). (yahoo.com)
- The headlines about the coronavirus outbreak are terrifying: thousands of people are sick. (dogster.com)
- Has Johnson moved fast enough to suppress coronavirus outbreak? (itv.com)
- Searle owns and operates Montana Bunkhouses , a company that connects travelers with hands-on ranch vacations, but after seeing the impact of the coronavirus outbreak on health-care workers in other cities, she put her hospitality business on hold to launch a grassroots mask-making effort. (cnbc.com)
- On April 16, 2003, following the outbreak of SARS in Asia and secondary cases elsewhere in the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a press release stating that the coronavirus identified by a number of laboratories was the official cause of SARS. (wikipedia.org)
- Virologic and bacteriologic investigations on the parenchymatous organs did not detect common canine pathogens, notably canine parvovirus type 2, canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus type 1 and type 2. (cdc.gov)
- Coronavirus vaccine is not a core vaccine, but it may sometimes be included in combination vaccines for other, more serious diseases, such as infections with canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus , and canine adenovirus type 2. (vetstreet.com)
- In the last year, canine distemper virus has killed at least four tigers and several other animals across northern and eastern India, according to Rajesh Gopal of the government's National Tiger Conservation Authority. (news24.com)
- Canine distemper virus, a close relative of measles, is associated mostly with domestic dogs though it has infected - and ravaged - other carnivore populations. (news24.com)
- The first is more mild and is caused by B. bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza virus infections, without complications from canine distemper virus (CDV) or canine adenovirus (CAV). (wikipedia.org)
- These include canine distemper virus (dogs), phocine distemper virus (seals), cetacean morbillivirus (dolphins and porpoises) Newcastle disease virus (birds) and rinderpest virus (cattle). (wikipedia.org)
- There is no antiviral drug effective against the canine distemper virus. (wikipedia.org)
- Canine coronavirus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease worldwide in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses (CoVs) (order Nidovirales, family Coronaviridae ) are exceptionally prone to genetic evolution through accumulation of point mutations in genes encoding for structural and nonstructural proteins and homologous recombination among members of the same antigenic group ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Canine Coronavirus (CCV) can cause intestinal disease in dogs and is a member of the coronaviridae family. (elisakits.co.uk)
- Coronaviruses are species of virus belonging to the subfamily Coronavirinae in the family Coronaviridae, in the order Nidovirales. (wikipedia.org)
- CaCV is not to be confused with canine coronavirus, another diarrhea-causing agent within the family Coronaviridae, or porcine circovirus which is a member of the same genus as CaCV but only seen in pigs. (wikipedia.org)
- Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) is a virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae, genus Alphacoronavirus, species Alphacoronavirus 1. (wikipedia.org)
- Alphacoronaviruses are the first of the four genera, alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-coronavirus in the subfamily Coronavirinae of the family Coronaviridae. (wikipedia.org)
- The dog tested only faintly positive and had no viral symptoms. (additudemag.com)
- In an interview with the VIN News Service, Dr. Mark Rishniw explained that positive tests of viral genetic material in dogs do not mean they can get sick from or help spread the novel coronavirus. (vin.com)
- The dog was owned by a 60-year-old woman who had contracted the viral disease, but who ultimately recovered. (psychologytoday.com)
- Nonetheless, reports of this single case went viral and the panic associating dogs with the spread of this coronavirus , went global. (psychologytoday.com)
- An update on canine coronaviruses: Viral evolution and pathobiology. (animalabs.com)
- If you've seen a cat panting like a dog in a viral video or even in person, you may have thought it was cute or funny. (yahoo.com)
- Kids under 5 may carry a higher viral load of coronavirus. (yahoo.com)
- Distemper is a highly infectious viral disease which may cause mild symptoms in some dogs, but can be fatal in others. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Coronaviruses can cause pneumonia, either direct viral pneumonia or a secondary bacterial pneumonia, and bronchitis, either direct viral bronchitis or a secondary bacterial bronchitis. (wikipedia.org)
- Significant research efforts have been focused on elucidating the viral pathogenesis of these animal coronaviruses, especially by virologists interested in veterinary and zoonotic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses also have a protein known as a replicase encoded in its genome which allows the RNA viral genome to be transcribed into new RNA copies using the host cell's machinery. (wikipedia.org)
- Rabies (hydrophobia) is a fatal viral disease that can affect any mammal, although the close relationship of dogs with humans makes canine rabies a zoonotic concern. (wikipedia.org)
- Viral and bacterial causes of canine cough are spread through airborne droplets produced by sneezing and coughing. (wikipedia.org)
- Viral diseases in dogs can be serious, especially in kennels. (wikipedia.org)
- Other canine viral diseases of note include herpesvirus and influenza. (wikipedia.org)
- Viral diseases include canine distemper and influenza. (wikipedia.org)
- Since killing the cats wasn't stopping the pandemic, the frightened population felt that co-conspirators must be involved, and hence dogs were also soon singled out and many were exterminated. (psychologytoday.com)
- We look at where and how the coronavirus pandemic started and spread globally. (dailyrecord.com)
- Is day care safe during the coronavirus pandemic? (dailyrecord.com)
- Child care during the coronavirus pandemic can best be described as clinical. (dailyrecord.com)
- As the debate over whether to reopen schools in the fall amid the ongoing coronavirus pandemic continues, the United States set a new record: more than 70,000 new coronavirus cases in a single day, according to NBC News . (nbcbayarea.com)
- Here are the latest updates on the coronavirus pandemic in the U.S. (nbcbayarea.com)
- Economically significant coronaviruses of farm animals include porcine coronavirus (transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus, TGE) and bovine coronavirus, which both result in diarrhea in young animals. (wikipedia.org)
- Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus Coronavirus Betacoronavirus RNA virus http://viralzone.expasy.org/all_by_protein/766.html "Alphacoronavirus‡-Springer" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
- DA2PP is a multivalent vaccine for dogs that protects against the viruses indicated by the alphanumeric characters forming the acronym: D for canine distemper, A2 for canine adenovirus type 2, which offers cross-protection to canine adenovirus type 1 (the more pathogenic of the two strains) (see Canine adenovirus), the first P for canine parvovirus, and the second P for parainfluenza. (wikipedia.org)
- Scientists suspect the coronavirus passed to humans from animals. (reuters.com)
- Dogs and cats as pets have established a much closer relationship with humans than all other animals, and banning the consumption of dogs and cats and other pets is a common practice in developed countries and in Hong Kong and Taiwan," the city government said in an order posted on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
- Buddy's vets later discovered the dog was likely also suffering from lymphoma, raising the question of whether animals -- like humans -- with pre-existing conditions might also be more susceptible to serious illness from the new coronavirus. (yahoo.com)
- Similarly, changes in tissue tropisms in porcine and murine coronaviruses ( 5 , 6 ) and adaptation of the recently recognized severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus ( 7 ) to humans have been related to mutations or deletions. (cdc.gov)
- There are seven coronaviruses that can infect humans. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- There are also coronaviruses that can infect dogs (but not cats or humans) and those that can infect cats (but not dogs or humans). (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Neither the canine nor the feline coronaviruses infect humans. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- A "host" refers to the organism or species (like humans, dogs or cats) that a virus is able to infect. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Coronavirus is a respiratory virus (in humans) because it infects the cells of the respiratory tract (nasal passages, bronchi, bronchioles, and lung tissue) and causes respiratory symptoms such as coughing, runny nose, sneezing and sore throat. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- The term "Novel Coronavirus" means that this is the first time we have seen this type of coronavirus in humans. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- However, it is not just humans who are impacted by the spread of the virus, but also pet dogs. (psychologytoday.com)
- Like humans, dogs' mouths are full of bacteria all the time. (lifehacker.com)
- Like humans, dogs are more genetically diverse than lab rodents are. (sciencemag.org)
- In dogs, genes shaping behaviors purposely bred by humans are marked with large signatures of selection. (livescience.com)
- There will be a wonderful array of holiday treats for humans and their dogs, and, yes it's true, you can bring your dog(s) if they're well behaved. (sandiegoreader.com)
- First of all, we wanted to check if the dogs would look at humans they didn't know. (openthemagazine.com)
- It led to a paper, 'A dog's day with humans: time activity budget of free-ranging dogs in India', being published in Current Science in 2014. (openthemagazine.com)
- In three locations across the country-Kolkata, Bangalore and Kalyani in West Bengal-they observed free-ranging dogs in the early morning, late afternoon and early evening, when they are typically around humans. (openthemagazine.com)
- Doing nothing seemed to be their biggest preoccupation, but more importantly, the researchers didn't observe much aggression, which might mean that the fear that street dogs arouse in humans is exaggerated. (openthemagazine.com)
- Ticks pose a real threat to dogs and other animals, including humans. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- The overall molecular structure of this virus is distinct from the known coronaviruses and instead most closely resembles viruses found in bats and pangolins that had been little studied and never known to cause humans any harm. (democraticunderground.com)
- Phylogenetic analysis of these viruses indicated a high probability that SARS coronavirus originated in bats and spread to humans either directly or through animals held in Chinese markets. (wikipedia.org)
- In late 2006, scientists from the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention of Hong Kong University and the Guangzhou Centre for Disease Control and Prevention established a genetic link between the SARS coronavirus appearing in civets and humans, bearing out claims that the disease had jumped across species. (wikipedia.org)
- Six different currently known strains of coronaviruses infect humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses cause colds in humans primarily in the winter and early spring seasons. (wikipedia.org)
- Some of these diseases are unique to dogs or closely related species, while others are found in other animals, including humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever* is a rickettsial disease that occurs in dogs and humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Blastomycosis* is a fungal disease caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis that affects both dogs and humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Dogs are ten times more likely to be infected than humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Histoplasmosis* is a fungal disease caused by Histoplasma capsulatum that affects both dogs and humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Sporotrichosis is a fungal disease caused by Sporothrix schenckii that affects both dogs and humans. (wikipedia.org)
- They are the cause of a wide range of diseases in cats, dog, pigs, rodents, cattle and humans. (wikipedia.org)
- In countries where routine rabies vaccination of dogs is practiced, for example, rabies in humans is reduced to a very rare event. (wikipedia.org)
- Humans and dogs become infected through contact with water, food, or soil containing urine from infected animals. (wikipedia.org)
- Dogs are, by far, the main source of human rabies deaths, contributing up to 99% of all rabies transmissions to humans according to the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
- For protection against canine distemper, adenovirus type 2 (and hepatitis), parainfluenza, parvovirus, 2 strains of Lepto and coronavirus. (valleyvet.com)
- Isolation, tissue distribution and molecular characterization of two recombinant canine coronavirus strains. (elisakits.co.uk)
- Sequence analysis of divergent canine coronavirus strains present in a UK dog population. (elisakits.co.uk)
- Just like human influenza, even after receiving the vaccination, a dog can still contract mutated strains or less severe cases. (wikipedia.org)
- This may be related to the high mutation rate of RNA positive stranded viruses, of which canine coronavirus is one. (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses are large, enveloped, positive-stranded RNA viruses ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Anigen Canine Parvovirus-Coronavirus Antigen Test Kit can detect the antigens for these viruses in your pet's feces to determine which affliction, if any, may be affecting your pet. (petcarerx.com)
- Gonsenhauser explains that the primary mode of transmission for viruses like the flu and coronavirus is person-to-person and through body fluids, such as saliva and mucus. (yahoo.com)
- Kennel cough, or canine infectious tracheobronchitis, is a highly contagious disease of a dog's respiratory tract caused by a variety of viruses and bacteria. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- The SARS coronavirus is one of several viruses identified by WHO as a likely cause of a future epidemic in a new plan developed after the Ebola epidemic for urgent research and development before and during an epidemic toward new diagnostic tests, vaccines and medicines. (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome and with a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. (wikipedia.org)
- These viruses were subsequently named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43. (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses are enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses that include both human and zoonotic species. (wikipedia.org)
- Biohazard Level 1: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
- Another canine coronavirus can cause respiratory disease (think kennel cough). (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- CCV1 is genetically distinct from the group 2 respiratory coronavirus that can cause respiratory disease in dogs. (zoologix.com)
- Canine influenza is a newly emerging infectious respiratory disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Canine Coronavirus is a highly contagious virus caused by dog feces that is ingested (licked, inhaled or eaten) by your dog. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The veterinary community agrees all dogs should be vaccinated against diseases that are widespread, cause serious illness, and/or are highly contagious (termed "core" vaccines). (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Unvaccinated dogs are at a 350-fold increased risk of contracting this highly contagious disease. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Canine parvovirus is a potentially fatal and highly contagious disease that causes sudden and severe gastroenteritis in dogs. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- It is one of the most highly contagious diseases that can affect a dog. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Corona is a highly contagious virus that may cause mild diarrhoea in dogs. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV2, colloquially parvo) is a contagious virus mainly affecting dogs, and thought to originate in cats. (wikipedia.org)
- Parvo is highly contagious and is spread from dog to dog by direct or indirect contact with their feces. (wikipedia.org)
- There are some bacteria that are contagious from dog to dog. (wikipedia.org)
- There is a vaccine available (ATCvet code: QI07AD11 (WHO)), and it is usually given to puppies, who are more susceptible to canine coronavirus, and to dogs that have a high risk of exposure, such as show dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- Any age dog can catch the illness, although dogs with a weakened immune system, younger dogs, or dogs that have not been vaccinated are most susceptible. (dog-health-guide.org)
- All dog breeds are equally susceptible. (vetstreet.com)
- Since fear stems from misinformation, it is important to understand what a virus is, how a virus spreads, some specific information about coronaviruses, virus mutations, and whether pets are susceptible to COVID-19. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Although dogs of all ages are susceptible to canine coronavirus, young pups are more prone to develop clinical symptoms. (zoologix.com)
- It is not because the dogs are susceptible to the virus, or that there is any evidence that they can transmit it, but simply because people are afraid and they are acting irrationally out of panicked concerns for their health. (psychologytoday.com)
- Some dogs that acquire the virus show no signs or very mild signs, but can easily infect other susceptible dogs. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Known as canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) and found to be similar to strain OC43 of bovine and human coronaviruses, it was first isolated in the United Kingdom in 2003 from lung samples of dogs and has since been found on the European mainland and in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
- The significance and economic impact of coronaviruses as causative agents of the common cold are hard to assess because, unlike rhinoviruses (another common cold virus), human coronaviruses are difficult to grow in the laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
- The same cell receptor is also a point of contact for Human Coronaviruses. (wikipedia.org)
- I'm under the impression that adult dogs do not need yearly vaccinations and that rabies vaccines need be given only every three years. (vetinfo.com)
- I must admit that I have not been giving either of these vaccines to my dogs for several years due to bad reactions in the past. (vetinfo.com)
- Protective response to vaccines can be reduced in any dog with poor health, due to an uncompleted series of boosters, and in animals taking drugs that can suppress the immune system. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- From what Diseases can Vaccines Protect my Dog? (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Other vaccines may be recommended based on the risk a particular disease poses to an individual dog (non-core vaccines). (canadianveterinarians.net)
- While many pet owners believe vaccines produce 100 per cent protection in all dogs, this is not always true. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Some vaccines will protect most dogs, but others may only reduce the severity or duration of clinical signs. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Vaccines are available to protect individual dogs deemed to be at risk. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Dogs should be at least four months old and up-to-date on all vaccines, including rabies, to attend. (sandiegoreader.com)
- To increase their effectiveness, vaccines should be administered as soon as possible after a dog enters a high-risk area, such as a shelter. (wikipedia.org)
- Administration of B. bronchiseptica and canine-parainfluenza vaccines may then be continued routinely, especially during outbreaks of kennel cough. (wikipedia.org)
- Several intranasal vaccines have been developed that contain canine adenovirus in addition to B bronchiseptica and canine-parainfluenza virus antigens. (wikipedia.org)
- Currently, there are geographically defined core vaccines and individually chosen non-core vaccine recommendations for dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- A number of controversies surrounding adverse reactions to vaccines have resulted in authoritative bodies revising their guidelines as to the type, frequency, and methods/locations for dog vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2010 and 2011, revised guidelines addressed concerns about adverse vaccine reactions by altering the recommended frequency, type, methods, and locations for administration of core and non-core canine vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
- This occurs when dogs are smelling each other, licking the ground, or touching infected feces. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Anigen Canine Parvovirus-Coronavirus Antigen Test Kit is an immunochromatographic test for the qualitative detection of parvovirus antigen and coronavirus antigen in feces. (petcarerx.com)
- A dog can get it when he comes in contact with the feces of an infected dog. (vetstreet.com)
- The disease is spread from dog to dog through contact with feces. (vetstreet.com)
- Infected dogs can release CCV1 in their feces for 6-9 days, but shedding can be prolonged in some pups even after clinical signs have disappeared. (zoologix.com)
- Feline coronavirus is typically shed in feces by healthy cats and transmitted by the fecal-oral route to other cats. (wikipedia.org)
- But, with coronavirus lockdown restrictions preventing social gatherings, organisers have confirmed they are not planning to hold any further walks until next March at the earliest. (lowestoftjournal.co.uk)
- As the coronavirus lockdown carries on in many American cities, one thing is clear: People have opinions about masks. (cbsnews.com)
- Life after lockdown: has China really beaten coronavirus? (democraticunderground.com)
- 96.0% amino acid (aa) conservation in the spike (S) protein with bovine coronavirus within group 2 coronaviruses, which provides strong evidence for a recent host-species shift ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- Although no animal coronavirus has been identified that is sufficiently similar to have served as the direct progenitor of SARS-CoV-2, the diversity of coronaviruses in bats and other species is massively undersampled," the authors write. (vin.com)
- Because such experiments had been done on pets and wolves from whom dogs have descended as a species. (openthemagazine.com)
- The possibility of a disease like canine distemper hitting the world's last population of wild Asiatic lions was a major consideration in last year's Indian Supreme Court's decision ordering Gujarat state to safeguard the species by transferring some lions to a second, faraway sanctuary. (news24.com)
- Clostridium species are a potential cause of diarrhea in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- Coccidioidomycosis* is a fungal disease caused by Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii that affects a variety of species, including dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- There are three fungal species that cause ringworm in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
- Proteins that contribute to the overall structure of TGEV includes the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M) and nucleocapsid (N). Other coronaviruses belonging to Alphacoronavirus 1 species include Feline coronavirus, Canine coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus. (wikipedia.org)
- type species: Alphacoronavirus 1 Species: Alphacoronavirus 1, Feline coronavirus , Canine coronavirus , Human coronavirus 229E, Human coronavirus NL63, Miniopterus bat coronavirus 1, Miniopterus bat coronavirus HKU8, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, Rhinolophus bat coronavirus HKU2 and Scotophilus bat coronavirus 512. (wikipedia.org)
- Canine coronavirus was originally thought to cause serious gastrointestinal disease, but now most cases are considered to be very mild or without symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
- An infected dog can spread the virus for 6 to 9 days, although puppies have been shown to spread the disease for as long as 6 months, even when they no longer show any disease symptoms. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Puppies show additional canine cononavirus symptoms such as anorexia (loss of appetite), depression and dehydration. (dog-health-guide.org)
- An infected adult dog sheds the virus for several days after they originally catch the disease (even when no longer showing symptoms). (dog-health-guide.org)
- If your pet has severe symptoms, the dog may need to stay at an Animal Hospital for a 24-hour period. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The first dog to test positive for the coronavirus in the United States has died, National Geographic magazine reported, after struggling with symptoms that may be familiar to many of the virus's human sufferers. (yahoo.com)
- Canine parvovirus (CPV) in Dogs: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention. (petcarerx.com)
- The dog showed no symptoms and was quarantined and will be examined repeatedly until the test is negative. (truthdive.com)
- The dog showed none of the overt symptoms of the virus, and after a two-week quarantine, which ended after two successive tests showed no evidence of Covid-19, it was released back to its owner. (psychologytoday.com)
- Another factor that may be contributing to the fear surrounding coronavirus is that it shares similar symptoms with the flu, such as fever and cough, making it harder to tell what the disease the person coughing next to you on the train has. (yahoo.com)
- Learn how to recognise babesia symptoms in your dog, how to treat them and how to prevent them. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- This article covers the symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of dog bladder problems. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- This article talks about the symptoms, causes and how you can treat epilepsy in dogs. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- This article covers the symptoms, causes and treatment of hypothyroidism in dogs. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- This article covers the symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of leptospirosis in dogs. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Up to 80 percent of dogs infected will have symptoms, but the mortality rate is only 5 to 8 percent. (wikipedia.org)
- Symptoms in dogs include acute arthritis, anorexia and lethargy. (wikipedia.org)
- In many locations the rabies vaccine is accompanied by a single combined vaccine shot which protects against: CDV (canine distemper), CAV-2 (canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) and CPV-2 (canine parvovirus). (wikipedia.org)
- Because infectious canine hepatitis is another name for canine adenovirus type 1, an H is sometimes used instead of A. In DA2PPC, the C indicates canine coronavirus. (wikipedia.org)
- Also, even if the dog owner is not concerned about adenovirus, coronavirus, parvovirus, or parainfluenza, they should vaccinate their dogs to protect them against distemper. (wikipedia.org)
- Maximum parsimony trees based on partial 5´ (A) and 3´ (B) ends of the spike protein gene of group-1a coronaviruses (CoVs). (cdc.gov)
- The coronavirus spike protein is a critical determinant of cell tropism and pathogenicity. (cornell.edu)
- Some coronaviruses (specifically the members of Betacoronavirus subgroup A) also have a shorter spike-like protein called hemagglutinin esterase (HE). (wikipedia.org)
- Coronaviruses are covered with several types of "S proteins" (or E2) forming a crown of protein spikes on the surface of the virus. (wikipedia.org)
- In extreme cases, a veterinarian will give a dog fluids and antibiotics to manage the clinical signs and help prevent secondary infections. (vetstreet.com)
- Coronavirus infections are typically mild and self-limiting (resolving without treatment), and infected dogs may have several days of diarrhea that resolves without treatment. (vetstreet.com)
- The much publicized human coronavirus, SARS-CoV which causes SARS, has a unique pathogenesis because it causes both upper and lower respiratory tract infections. (wikipedia.org)
- It is a rare disease in dogs, with cat and horse infections predominating in veterinary medicine. (wikipedia.org)
- These examples are not considered infectious diseases because they do not satisfy Koch's postulates - for example Staphylococcus intermedius, a commonly isolated bacteria from skin infections in dogs, would not cause pyoderma when introduced to a healthy dog. (wikipedia.org)
- It's a bit like evolution is shining a spotlight on parts of the dog genome and saying, "Look here for interesting stuff! (livescience.com)
- On April 12, 2003, scientists working at the Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia finished mapping the genetic sequence of a coronavirus believed to be linked to SARS. (wikipedia.org)
- SARS is similar to other coronaviruses in that its genome expression starts with translation of two large ORFs, 1a and 1b, both of which are polyproteins. (wikipedia.org)
- The Coronavirus genome has a 5' methylated cap and a 3'polyadenylated tail. (wikipedia.org)
- The motivation for engineering the TGEV genome is that coronaviruses have large genomes, so they have room for insertion of foreign genes. (wikipedia.org)
- However, fatal intestinal disease associated with canine coronavirus without the presence of canine parvovirus is still occasionally reported. (wikipedia.org)
- A similar strategy was used to characterize the spike proteins of canine coronaviruses associated with fatal enteritis in dogs and a thorough histopathologic characterization was performed in an attempt to independently confirm reports pantropic canine coronavirus variants. (cornell.edu)
- This virus disease causes respiratory, digestive, and nervous system signs in affected dogs and can be fatal in about half of unvaccinated dogs. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Heartworm is a severe, often fatal, disease spread from host-to-host by mosquito bites and it can affect dogs, cats and foxes. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Leishmaniasis is a severe, often fatal disease spread from dog-to-dog by sand fly bites. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Canine distemper is an often fatal infectious disease that mainly has respiratory and neurologic signs. (wikipedia.org)
- Infectious canine hepatitis is a sometimes fatal infectious disease of the liver. (wikipedia.org)
- Pseudorabies is an infectious disease that primarily affects swine, but can also cause a fatal disease in dogs with signs similar to rabies. (wikipedia.org)
- The new case in Hong Kong involves a young German shepherd from a residential neighborhood who "repeatedly" tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus responsible for COVID-19, according to a press release from Hong Kong's Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. (vin.com)
- They said the same of the world's first canine to test positive for SARS-CoV-2 - a 17-year-old Pomeranian that died Monday, three days after going home, according to a report in the South China Morning Post . (vin.com)
- The SARS coronavirus, sometimes shortened to SARS-CoV, is the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). (wikipedia.org)
- The sequence of the SARS coronavirus has since been confirmed by other independent groups. (wikipedia.org)
- SARS, or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, is the disease caused by SARS coronavirus. (wikipedia.org)
- Scientists at Erasmus University in Rotterdam, the Netherlands demonstrated that the SARS coronavirus fulfilled Koch's postulates thereby confirming it as the causative agent. (wikipedia.org)
- In late May 2003, studies from samples of wild animals sold as food in the local market in Guangdong, China, found the SARS coronavirus could be isolated from masked palm civets (Paguma sp. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2005, two studies identified a number of SARS-like coronaviruses in Chinese bats. (wikipedia.org)
- The bats did not show any visible signs of disease, but are the likely natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronaviruses. (wikipedia.org)
- The SARS coronavirus is a positive and single stranded RNA virus belonging to a family of enveloped coronaviruses. (wikipedia.org)
- Proteins that contribute to the overall structure of all coronaviruses are the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M) and nucleocapsid (N). In the specific case of the SARS coronavirus (see below), a defined receptor-binding domain on S mediates the attachment of the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). (wikipedia.org)
- Prior to the discovery of SARS-CoV, MHV had been the best-studied coronavirus both in vivo and in vitro as well as at the molecular level. (wikipedia.org)
- These include Ebola virus, SARS, and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. (wikipedia.org)
- Animal origins of SARS coronavirus: possible links with the international trade in small carnivores. (wikipedia.org)
- We're taught at an early age that getting bitten by a dog could be bad news, especially when it comes to rabies, but dog licks didn't come with the same warning. (lifehacker.com)
- Rabid dogs may display 'dumb' rabies signs, characterized by listlessness, weakness, and paralysis, or the classic 'furious' signs of rabies characterized by abnormal aggression. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- The dog is under quarantine to make sure he does not have rabies. (kfor.com)
- Vaccination of dogs for rabies is commonly required by law. (wikipedia.org)
- A USDA database of confirmed cases of the coronavirus in animals in the United States includes 12 dogs, 10 cats, a tiger and a lion. (hindustantimes.com)
- Coronavirus world map: which countries have the most Covid-19 cases and deaths? (yahoo.com)
- The risk for a pet becoming infected is quite small given the number of confirmed cases in dogs, compared to the number of infected people, many of whom likely have dogs or cats. (vin.com)
- There is a documented rise in the cases of IMHA for the month following vaccination in dogs but it is a slight rise -- just barely enough to be statistically significant. (vetinfo.com)
- But according to Pritish Tosh, M.D. an infectious disease specialist at the Mayo Clinic, in most cases, dog kisses are probably fine. (lifehacker.com)
- In most cases the infected dogs experience a complete recover and develop immunity to CCV. (elisakits.co.uk)
- Three More Cases of Coronavirus Confirmed in U.S. (wsj.com)
- Your risk of coronavirus - it's 12 cases in the U.S. - you're pretty unlikely to come into contact with them. (yahoo.com)
- We are tracking the coronavirus outbreaks across the US and in your state with daily updated maps, total cases and deaths. (dailyrecord.com)
- This revelation comes as the USDA, the department responsible for confirming COVID-19 cases in animals, announced the first official case of the coronavirus in a dog, a German shepherd in New York. (dailyrecord.com)
- The FDA has investigated more than 500 cases of dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs eating certain types of food, according to their statement. (kdvr.com)
- As part of that investigation, the FDA has now identified 16 brands of dog food that had the most frequent reported cases of DCM. (kdvr.com)
- The cases were quite distant from each other, and the latest was an area where there are no dogs. (news24.com)
- Experts said there are likely more undetected cases, since testing for canine distemper is not routine and few animals that die in the wild are ever found. (news24.com)
- This is at the top of the list of worst cases, as far as children," Johnson said, calling the use of the dog crate and lack of care "unacceptable. (fox2now.com)
- With coronavirus cases exploding in Florida, President Trump said he is "flexible" about the need for a traditional indoor Republican National Convention in Jacksonville next month. (yahoo.com)
- Nationwide, the number of confirmed coronavirus cases has passed 3.1 million - meaning nearly one in every 100 people has been confirmed as infected - and the number of deaths is more than 134,000, according to a tally from NBC News . (nbcbayarea.com)
- One third of all the coronavirus cases in the state of Montana come from a single county. (cnbc.com)
- There are multiple causative agents, the most common being the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica (found in 78.7% of cases in Southern Germany), followed by canine parainfluenza virus (37.7% of cases), and to a lesser extent canine coronavirus (9.8% of cases). (wikipedia.org)
- In some cases, such as "doggie daycares" or nontraditional playcare-type boarding environments, it is usually not a cleaning or disinfecting issue, but rather an airborne issue, as the dogs are in contact with each other's saliva and breath. (wikipedia.org)
- When you're planning your annual vaccination schedule, do ask your vet to vaccinate your pet against coronavirus. (k9magazine.com)
- India will now test every tiger carcass it finds for the virus, Gopal said, while authorities also consider a massive campaign to vaccinate dogs against canine distemper. (news24.com)
- We cannot vaccinate every dog, of course. (news24.com)
- Even dogs that do not go outside should be vaccinated - rabid bats can gain entry into homes, and rabid wildlife such as skunks and raccoons can enter a fenced yard or obtain access to a home through a non-collar limited pet-access door or screened door. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- The disease can affect all mammals including dogs, cats, rodents and wild animals like bats and foxes. (pethealthinfo.org.uk)
- Most dogs recover completely from the virus, with recovery starting on the seventh day of the disease. (dog-health-guide.org)
- There are several ways for a dog to catch the virus including direct contact with another dog. (dog-health-guide.org)
- Beyond avoiding exposure to an infected dog, there is a vaccine available for this virus. (dog-health-guide.org)
- The agency says there is currently no evidence that animals play a significant role in spreading the coronavirus but it appears the virus can spread from people to animals in some situations. (hindustantimes.com)
- If dogs are infected, they risk becoming seriously ill, a risk which is compounded if they then contract another virus. (k9magazine.com)
- Recent research aimed at improving diagnostic tests for coronavirus has increased our knowledge of the virus and this has led to a reassessment of its importance. (k9magazine.com)
- This package contains 10 tests and a test kit to determine which virus may be affecting your dog. (petcarerx.com)
- As the name implies, coronavirus is caused by a virus. (vetstreet.com)
- If you performed a coronavirus test on that same cat, they may test weakly positive, not because they are infected with the virus, but because the virus is on them from your snuggle session. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Just like a coronavirus is one kind of virus, there are several types of coronaviruses. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Coronavirus is one type of virus much like a banana is one type of fruit. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- However, there's no evidence to date that pets develop the clinical disease COVID-19 or transmit the virus to people, and experts question the implications of the reported positive tests in dogs. (vin.com)
- While there is still much we don't know about COVID-19, we do know that the pomeranian dog did not die from the virus, and the second dog is also showing no signs, either of the disease or of being able to transmit it to other pets or people. (vin.com)
- Chances are that dogs can be infected, but there's no evidence that the virus can replicate successfully in dogs," said Rishniw, director of clinical research for the Veterinary Information Network, an online community for the profession and parent of VIN News. (vin.com)
- Until they actually isolate the virus out of the dogs and not just RNA [the virus's genetic material], then there's no evidence that the dog is transmitting the virus," he said. (vin.com)
- How the dog actually deals with a virus that it has picked up, what type of immune response it produces against the virus, and whether or not the virus can actually replicate in the dog and be excreted as a formed, infective virus - that remains to be determined. (vin.com)
- He continued: "Now, if someone can isolate a complete virus from the saliva of a dog or cat, then I might change my tune. (vin.com)
- This is the first time a dog tested positive for the virus. (truthdive.com)
- This is because while dogs can test positive for the virus, it does not mean they have been infected. (truthdive.com)
- Similarly, the coronavirus may be present in the bodies of cats or dogs, even if they have not actually contracted the virus. (truthdive.com)
- The AFCD is testing the dog more to see if the dog has been infected with the virus or if it has just become contaminated with the virus. (truthdive.com)
- There are reports from a number of animal rescue societies around the world that there has been an uptick in the number of pet dogs that are being surrendered to shelters, or simply abandoned, because people are fearful that their dog may carry, or pass on, the virus. (psychologytoday.com)
- Several veterinary experts contended that the test used in Hong Kong would be unable to detect whether the dog had the virus or if it had simply licked contaminated surfaces in the home. (psychologytoday.com)
- This ELISA assay is designed to determine corona virus antibodies in blood or plasma samples, it is ALSO well known that majority of positive dogs are potential virus carriers and therefore will shed CCV. (elisakits.co.uk)
- The virus is spread by discharges from the nose and eyes of infected dogs. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- He adds: "If people were as concerned about influenza as they were about coronavirus we could potentially really create a much lower propensity for flu virus to spread in the U.S. (yahoo.com)
- New Delhi - India is scrambling to protect its beleaguered tiger population after several big cats tested positive for a virus common among dogs but deadly to other carnivores, experts said. (news24.com)
- Virus was also later found in raccoon dogs (Nyctereuteus sp. (wikipedia.org)
- The genomic size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases, the largest for an RNA virus. (wikipedia.org)
- In chickens, the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a coronavirus, targets not only the respiratory tract but also the uro-genital tract. (wikipedia.org)
- Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) is a coronavirus that causes an epidemic murine illness with high mortality, especially among colonies of laboratory mice. (wikipedia.org)
- Canine minute virus is an infectious disease that can cause respiratory and gastrointestinal signs in young puppies. (wikipedia.org)
- There is currently no literature on a potential vaccine against the virus for dogs, but there is one in effect for porcine circovirus. (wikipedia.org)
- Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), more commonly known as feline distemper, is caused by the feline parvovirus, a close relative of canine parvovirus. (wikipedia.org)
- After primary vaccination consider using a more comprehensive vaccine, like Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPv or Nobivac Canine 1-DAPPv+Cv, for booster shots. (valleyvet.com)
- Answer: Jan- At the present time there is no universally accepted vaccination protocol for dogs or cats. (vetinfo.com)
- Vaccination is the most effective protective strategy for all dogs, young and old. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- In some parts of Canada where risk is high, vaccination of dogs and cats is mandatory. (canadianveterinarians.net)
- Programs supporting regular vaccination of dogs have contributed both to the health of dogs and to the public health. (wikipedia.org)
- Frequency of vaccination thereafter varies depending on the lifestyle of the individual dog, including: indoor vs. outdoor travel plans kennel/boarding plans underlying disease conditions other exposure risks, the disease and vaccine type being considered. (wikipedia.org)
- Because these factors may change over time, many professional organizations recommend routine annual examinations, where a vaccination plan for each individual canine can be decided during a discussion between the veterinarian and dog owner. (wikipedia.org)
- SHENZHEN, China (Reuters) - The Chinese city of Shenzhen has banned the eating of dogs and cats as part of a wider clampdown on the wildlife trade since the emergence of the new coronavirus. (reuters.com)
- Authorities in the southern Chinese technology hub said the ban on eating dogs and cats would come into force on May 1. (reuters.com)
- Provincial and city governments across the country have been moving to enforce the ruling but Shenzhen has been the most explicit about extending that ban to dogs and cats. (reuters.com)
- We started this campaign after noticing that there were many people leaving dogs and cats outside our clinic," explained veterinarian Corolos Majdi at the Animalia clinic in the Egyptian capital. (metro.us)
- Pets looked after at home are highly unlikely to spread any disease, but dogs or cats abandoned on the street can be dangerous, he said. (metro.us)
- They began photographing dogs and cats wearing signs explaining that keeping them is safe. (metro.us)
- Chinese City Iintroduced a Draft to Ban Eating Cats and Dogs to stop Spread of Coronavirus! (abovetopsecret.com)
- Eating Cats and Dogs This is where the PETA people need to make an inroad and march into China. (abovetopsecret.com)
- Not only should cats and dogs be banned so should wild animals and much stiffer regulations on all meat, poultry, and fish that is legit. (abovetopsecret.com)
- If new evidence demonstrates that cats and dogs can be infected, we will let you know. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Cats can also be infected with a coronavirus. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- Feline coronavirus causes subclinical to mild diarrhea in 99% of cats. (healthypawspetinsurance.com)
- According to the World Health Organization and AFCD, there is no evidence that pets, such as cats and dogs, can become infected with the coronavirus. (truthdive.com)
- So consider this your warning: don't let dogs or cats like any open wounds, including scratches or anywhere else where your skin has been broken. (lifehacker.com)
- Unlike how dogs regulate their temperature by panting - maybe after a rigorous romp in the yard or running in circles - cats don't do that. (yahoo.com)
- Dr. Deborah S. Greco, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, and senior research scientist at Purina, agrees that panting is never a good sign and pointed out that while dogs regulate body temperature by panting, cats do not, so don't write it off as just that. (yahoo.com)
- While dogs are America's #1 pet , cats are arguably more famous in the digital world. (bigthink.com)
- We knew that cats and tigers could get this disease but dogs were considered safe from it. (foodpolitics.com)
- It is a rare disease in dogs, with cats seven to ten times more likely to be infected. (wikipedia.org)
- Although these protocols were initially designed for cats, some similar protocols are likely to be developed for canines, as well. (wikipedia.org)
- Feline acne Feline eosinophilic granuloma Flea allergy dermatitis Hyperthyroidism Miliary dermatitis (feline eczema) Mange Nutritional skin disorders Bladder cancer Bone cancer Intestinal cancer Liver cancer Lymphoma in animals Mammary tumor Mast cell tumor Nose cancer Skin cancer Soft tissue sarcoma Stomach cancer Anal sacs impaction Cerebellar hypoplasia is a disorder found in cats and dogs in which the cerebellum is not completely mature at birth. (wikipedia.org)
- It is very common in dogs and is sometimes seen in cats. (wikipedia.org)
- Dogs which had been administered intranasal vaccine 4 weeks prior to virulent B. bronchiseptica challenge displayed little to no bacterial shedding within 3 weeks of exposure to the virulent strain. (wikipedia.org)
- The coronavirus which causes ECE has a counterpart strain that has more systemic effects with a higher mortality rate. (wikipedia.org)
- Because there was no evidence that the dog had actually developed antibodies to COVID-19, some experts have questioned whether there is enough evidence to say that the dog actually had contracted the disease. (psychologytoday.com)
- Canine coronavirus (CCV) IgM ELISA kit can be used for analysing IgM antibodies against canine coronavirus (dog) in blood and plasma samples. (elisakits.co.uk)