The veins and arteries of the HEART.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Recurrent narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery following surgical procedures performed to alleviate a prior obstruction.
Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A family of percutaneous techniques that are used to manage CORONARY OCCLUSION, including standard balloon angioplasty (PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY), the placement of intracoronary STENTS, and atheroablative technologies (e.g., ATHERECTOMY; ENDARTERECTOMY; THROMBECTOMY; PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL LASER ANGIOPLASTY). PTCA was the dominant form of PCI, before the widespread use of stenting.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The hospital unit in which patients with acute cardiac disorders receive intensive care.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
Precordial pain at rest, which may precede a MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The restoration of blood supply to the myocardium. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by dysplasia in one or more hematopoietic cell lineages. They predominantly affect patients over 60, are considered preleukemic conditions, and have high probability of transformation into ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.
A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excess levels of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) or other GLUCOCORTICOIDS from endogenous or exogenous sources. It is characterized by upper body OBESITY; OSTEOPOROSIS; HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; HIRSUTISM; AMENORRHEA; and excess body fluid. Endogenous Cushing syndrome or spontaneous hypercortisolism is divided into two groups, those due to an excess of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN and those that are ACTH-independent.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Congenital syndrome characterized by a wide spectrum of characteristics including the absence of the THYMUS and PARATHYROID GLANDS resulting in T-cell immunodeficiency, HYPOCALCEMIA, defects in the outflow tract of the heart, and craniofacial anomalies.
A condition that is characterized by episodes of fainting (SYNCOPE) and varying degree of ventricular arrhythmia as indicated by the prolonged QT interval. The inherited forms are caused by mutation of genes encoding cardiac ion channel proteins. The two major forms are ROMANO-WARD SYNDROME and JERVELL-LANGE NIELSEN SYNDROME.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
A syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye. Clinical features include MIOSIS; mild BLEPHAROPTOSIS; and hemifacial ANHIDROSIS (decreased sweating)(see HYPOHIDROSIS). Lesions of the BRAIN STEM; cervical SPINAL CORD; first thoracic nerve root; apex of the LUNG; CAROTID ARTERY; CAVERNOUS SINUS; and apex of the ORBIT may cause this condition. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp500-11)
An autosomal dominant disorder caused by deletion of the proximal long arm of the paternal chromosome 15 (15q11-q13) or by inheritance of both of the pair of chromosomes 15 from the mother (UNIPARENTAL DISOMY) which are imprinted (GENETIC IMPRINTING) and hence silenced. Clinical manifestations include MENTAL RETARDATION; MUSCULAR HYPOTONIA; HYPERPHAGIA; OBESITY; short stature; HYPOGONADISM; STRABISMUS; and HYPERSOMNOLENCE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p229)
A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
An acute inflammatory autoimmune neuritis caused by T cell- mediated cellular immune response directed towards peripheral myelin. Demyelination occurs in peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process is often preceded by a viral or bacterial infection, surgery, immunization, lymphoma, or exposure to toxins. Common clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, loss of sensation, and loss of deep tendon reflexes. Weakness of respiratory muscles and autonomic dysfunction may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1312-1314)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
An acute, febrile, mucocutaneous condition accompanied by swelling of cervical lymph nodes in infants and young children. The principal symptoms are fever, congestion of the ocular conjunctivae, reddening of the lips and oral cavity, protuberance of tongue papillae, and edema or erythema of the extremities.
A syndrome that is associated with microvascular diseases of the KIDNEY, such as RENAL CORTICAL NECROSIS. It is characterized by hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC); THROMBOCYTOPENIA; and ACUTE RENAL FAILURE.
Lesions formed within the walls of ARTERIES.
Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.
A phosphodiesterase inhibitor that blocks uptake and metabolism of adenosine by erythrocytes and vascular endothelial cells. Dipyridamole also potentiates the antiaggregating action of prostacyclin. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p752)
Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
The presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids (ANTIBODIES, ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID). The condition is associated with a variety of diseases, notably systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, thrombopenia, and arterial or venous thromboses. In pregnancy it can cause abortion. Of the phospholipids, the cardiolipins show markedly elevated levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ANTIBODIES, ANTICARDIOLIPIN). Present also are high levels of lupus anticoagulant (LUPUS COAGULATION INHIBITOR).
An effective inhibitor of platelet aggregation commonly used in the placement of STENTS in CORONARY ARTERIES.
Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the MICROVASCULAR NETWORK.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.
The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
A syndrome characterized by outbreaks of late term abortions, high numbers of stillbirths and mummified or weak newborn piglets, and respiratory disease in young unweaned and weaned pigs. It is caused by PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE SYNDROME VIRUS. (Radostits et al., Veterinary Medicine, 8th ed, p1048)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
A form of male HYPOGONADISM, characterized by the presence of an extra X CHROMOSOME, small TESTES, seminiferous tubule dysgenesis, elevated levels of GONADOTROPINS, low serum TESTOSTERONE, underdeveloped secondary sex characteristics, and male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE). Patients tend to have long legs and a slim, tall stature. GYNECOMASTIA is present in many of the patients. The classic form has the karyotype 47,XXY. Several karyotype variants include 48,XXYY; 48,XXXY; 49,XXXXY, and mosaic patterns ( 46,XY/47,XXY; 47,XXY/48,XXXY, etc.).
Types of spiral computed tomography technology in which multiple slices of data are acquired simultaneously improving the resolution over single slice acquisition technology.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)
An autosomal recessive disorder that causes premature aging in adults, characterized by sclerodermal skin changes, cataracts, subcutaneous calcification, muscular atrophy, a tendency to diabetes mellitus, aged appearance of the face, baldness, and a high incidence of neoplastic disease.
A form of encephalopathy with fatty infiltration of the LIVER, characterized by brain EDEMA and VOMITING that may rapidly progress to SEIZURES; COMA; and DEATH. It is caused by a generalized loss of mitochondrial function leading to disturbances in fatty acid and CARNITINE metabolism.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
A clinical syndrome characterized by the development of CHEST PAIN at rest with concomitant transient ST segment elevation in the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, but with preserved exercise capacity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A group of disorders caused by defective salt reabsorption in the ascending LOOP OF HENLE. It is characterized by severe salt-wasting, HYPOKALEMIA; HYPERCALCIURIA; metabolic ALKALOSIS, and hyper-reninemic HYPERALDOSTERONISM without HYPERTENSION. There are several subtypes including ones due to mutations in the renal specific SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS.
The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A species of ARTERIVIRUS causing reproductive and respiratory disease in pigs. The European strain is called Lelystad virus. Airborne transmission is common.
The creation and display of functional images showing where the blood is flowing into the MYOCARDIUM by following over time the distribution of tracers injected into the blood stream.
Deposition of calcium into the blood vessel structures. Excessive calcification of the vessels are associated with ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES formation particularly after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (see MONCKEBERG MEDIAL CALCIFIC SCLEROSIS) and chronic kidney diseases which in turn increase VASCULAR STIFFNESS.
A syndrome of HEMOLYSIS, elevated liver ENZYMES, and low blood platelets count (THROMBOCYTOPENIA). HELLP syndrome is observed in pregnant women with PRE-ECLAMPSIA or ECLAMPSIA who also exhibit LIVER damage and abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION.
An autosomal dominant defect of cardiac conduction that is characterized by an abnormal ST-segment in leads V1-V3 on the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM resembling a right BUNDLE-BRANCH BLOCK; high risk of VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA; or VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION; SYNCOPAL EPISODE; and possible sudden death. This syndrome is linked to mutations of gene encoding the cardiac SODIUM CHANNEL alpha subunit.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The dilatation of the aortic wall behind each of the cusps of the aortic valve.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
A heterogeneous group of autosomally inherited COLLAGEN DISEASES caused by defects in the synthesis or structure of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are numerous subtypes: classical, hypermobility, vascular, and others. Common clinical features include hyperextensible skin and joints, skin fragility and reduced wound healing capability.
An ergot alkaloid (ERGOT ALKALOIDS) with uterine and VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE contractile properties.
An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by telangiectatic ERYTHEMA of the face, photosensitivity, DWARFISM and other abnormalities, and a predisposition toward developing cancer. The Bloom syndrome gene (BLM) encodes a RecQ-like DNA helicase.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
The presence of an increased amount of blood in a body part or an organ leading to congestion or engorgement of blood vessels. Hyperemia can be due to increase of blood flow into the area (active or arterial), or due to obstruction of outflow of blood from the area (passive or venous).
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
Persistent and reproducible chest discomfort usually precipitated by a physical exertion that dissipates upon cessation of such an activity. The symptoms are manifestations of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA.
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
A syndrome characterized by multiple abnormalities, MENTAL RETARDATION, and movement disorders. Present usually are skull and other abnormalities, frequent infantile spasms (SPASMS, INFANTILE); easily provoked and prolonged paroxysms of laughter (hence "happy"); jerky puppetlike movements (hence "puppet"); continuous tongue protrusion; motor retardation; ATAXIA; MUSCLE HYPOTONIA; and a peculiar facies. It is associated with maternal deletions of chromosome 15q11-13 and other genetic abnormalities. (From Am J Med Genet 1998 Dec 4;80(4):385-90; Hum Mol Genet 1999 Jan;8(1):129-35)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by recurrent infections and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E. Most cases are sporadic. Of the rare familial forms, the dominantly inherited subtype has additional connective tissue, dental and skeletal involvement that the recessive type does not share.
Motion pictures of the passage of contrast medium through blood vessels.
The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery performed on the interior of blood vessels.
Unstable isotopes of thallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Tl atoms with atomic weights 198-202, 204, and 206-210 are thallium radioisotopes.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Genetically developed small pigs for use in biomedical research. There are several strains - Yucatan miniature, Sinclair miniature, and Minnesota miniature.
A rare, X-linked immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by ECZEMA; LYMPHOPENIA; and, recurrent pyogenic infection. It is seen exclusively in young boys. Typically, IMMUNOGLOBULIN M levels are low and IMMUNOGLOBULIN A and IMMUNOGLOBULIN E levels are elevated. Lymphoreticular malignancies are common.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
Widespread necrotizing angiitis with granulomas. Pulmonary involvement is frequent. Asthma or other respiratory infection may precede evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilia and lung involvement differentiate this disease from POLYARTERITIS NODOSA.
A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.
The neural systems which act on VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE to control blood vessel diameter. The major neural control is through the sympathetic nervous system.
Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Damage to the MYOCARDIUM resulting from MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION (restoration of blood flow to ischemic areas of the HEART.) Reperfusion takes place when there is spontaneous thrombolysis, THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY, collateral flow from other coronary vascular beds, or reversal of vasospasm.
In patients with neoplastic diseases a wide variety of clinical pictures which are indirect and usually remote effects produced by tumor cell metabolites or other products.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Platelet membrane glycoprotein complex important for platelet adhesion and aggregation. It is an integrin complex containing INTEGRIN ALPHAIIB and INTEGRIN BETA3 which recognizes the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) sequence present on several adhesive proteins. As such, it is a receptor for FIBRINOGEN; VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR; FIBRONECTIN; VITRONECTIN; and THROMBOSPONDINS. A deficiency of GPIIb-IIIa results in GLANZMANN THROMBASTHENIA.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Condition characterized by large, rapidly extending, erythematous, tender plaques on the upper body usually accompanied by fever and dermal infiltration of neutrophilic leukocytes. It occurs mostly in middle-aged women, is often preceded by an upper respiratory infection, and clinically resembles ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME. Sweet syndrome is associated with LEUKEMIA.
A catecholamine derivative with specificity for BETA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It is commonly used as a cardiotonic agent after CARDIAC SURGERY and during DOBUTAMINE STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The innermost layer of an artery or vein, made up of one layer of endothelial cells and supported by an internal elastic lamina.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A form of ventricular pre-excitation characterized by a short PR interval and a long QRS interval with a delta wave. In this syndrome, atrial impulses are abnormally conducted to the HEART VENTRICLES via an ACCESSORY CONDUCTING PATHWAY that is located between the wall of the right or left atria and the ventricles, also known as a BUNDLE OF KENT. The inherited form can be caused by mutation of PRKAG2 gene encoding a gamma-2 regulatory subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase.
Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
A malformation that is characterized by a muscle bridge over a segment of the CORONARY ARTERIES. Systolic contractions of the muscle bridge can lead to narrowing of coronary artery; coronary compression; MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
A non-inherited congenital condition with vascular and neurological abnormalities. It is characterized by facial vascular nevi (PORT-WINE STAIN), and capillary angiomatosis of intracranial membranes (MENINGES; CHOROID). Neurological features include EPILEPSY; cognitive deficits; GLAUCOMA; and visual defects.

Wave intensity analysis of para-aortic counterpulsation. (1/4)


An unusual case of bilateral subclavian-carotid artery graft occlusion with coronary steal syndrome managed in the cath lab. (2/4)

A 65-year-old man, s/p coronary bypass surgery (CABG) with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery 12 years previously, presented to his local hospital with left upper extremity pain, dizziness, falls, and chest pain. At the outside hospital, a proximal total left subclavian occlusion was found and the patient underwent left subclavian artery to common carotid artery (SCA-CCA) bypass surgery. Shortly thereafter, the patient developed right subclavian thrombosis, and underwent right SCA-CCA bypass surgery. Twenty days later, coronary steal symptoms recurred; troponin levels were elevated and ultrasound exam revealed bilateral SCA-CCA graft occlusion. The patient was then transferred to a tertiary care facility with a diagnosis of non-ST elevation myocardial infarct (NSTEMI). A successful endovascular procedure was performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory with the use of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) devices, to treat the coronary steal syndrome.  (+info)

Coronary-subclavian steal syndrome treated with carotid to subclavian artery by-pass. (3/4)


Coronary subclavian steal from a left internal thoracic artery coronary bypass graft due to ipsilateral subclavian artery stenosis and an arteriovenous graft in a hemodialysis patient with left vertebral artery occlusion. (4/4)

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is an unusual cause of myocardial ischemia, secondary to a reversed blood flow in patients with patent internal thoracic artery coronary bypass grafts. The causes of coronary subclavian steal are either ipsilateral subclavian artery stenosis or upper extremity arteriovenous hemodialysis fistula formation or both. This report involves a 68-year-old woman with left vertebral artery occlusion who developed severe coronary steal in the absence of vertebral subclavian steal due to left subclavian artery stenosis and an arteriovenous hemodialysis graft.  (+info)

Question - Experiencing debilitating balance problems. Has left vertebral artery occlusion. Taking Sotalol, Digoxin and Synthroid. What can be done?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Digoxin, Ask a General & Family Physician
Background: Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) and the resultant right ventricular (RV) dilatation/dysfunction are important determinants of long-term outcome in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Although residual pulmonary stenosis (PS), which often coexists with PR, increases RV pressure load, it may help reduce PR and prevent RV dilatation. A certain degree of PS might even enhance RV function and thereby enhance left ventricular (LV) function via interventricular interaction. To test these hypotheses, we investigated pulmonary wave front behavior by wave intensity analysis (WIA) and interventricular interaction by pressure-volume relationships.. Methods: WI of the peripheral pulmonary arteries (PA) and LV pressure-volume relationships were computed during cardiac catheterization in 31 patients with repaired TOF and 28 control subjects. WIA yielded 3 major components: (1) compression and acceleration wave (W1), which reflects RV-PA interaction; (2) negative wave (WN), which ...
led, media is removed, and the cell layer is rinsed three times with cold PBS. The cells are scraped into 0.5 ml/dish of triton extraction buffer. The cell
Myocardium Myocardium Artery coronary arteries Dorlands/Elsevier m_24/12554874 Myocardium is the muscular tissue of the heart. Additional recommended knowledge
Coronary-subclavian steal syndrome can be described as unseting of angina pectoris related to diminished blood flow or retrograde blood flow because of the stenosis in left subclavian artery who intenal thoracic artery is used as an insitu bypass graft. Vasculary involvement in Behçet s disease has been reported and it usually appears as an aneurysm formation or stenosis. The involvement of the upper extremity arteries usually remains asymptomatic. But, in cases in which internal thoracic artery is used as an in situ graft for coronary artery bypass operations, associated involvement of the upper extremity arteries may result in diminished coronary perfusion and ischemic cardiac symptoms may be apparent. The patient with Behçet s disease had coronary artery bypass surgery in our department. Two years after surgery she readmitted with the complaints of angina pectoris increasing with the movement of her left arm, dizziness, paresthesia of the left arm and left subclavian artery stenosis was ...
This video demonstrates a left carotid to subclavian artery bypass. Due to increased use of aortic stent grafts that sometimes cover or compromise the orifice of the left subclavian artery, cardiothoracic surgeons need to be familiar with revascularization of the extremity.. ...
Subclavian artery stenosis (SAS) is a significant form of peripheral artery disease, which may be a marker of diffuse atherosclerosis and increased risk for cardiovascular events. SAS can lead to symptomatic ischemia affecting the upper extremities, the brain, and, in some cases, the heart. In general, asymptomatic subclavian artery disease is treated with medical therapy and invasive treatment is reserved for the more symptomatic patients. This article discusses the evaluation of four patients with varying presentations of subclavian artery disease. [Rev Cardiovasc Med.
The wave speed (c) and the arrival time of reflected wave (Trw) in the common left carotid artery and common left femoral artery have been evaluated in 70 healthy subjects, aged 35-55 years with a non-invasive method. Wave speed and the arrival time of reflected waves were determined with lnDU-loop and non-invasive wave intensity analysis (ndI) techniques, respectively. Diameter (D) was measured with ultrasound echo wall tracking and velocity (U) was obtained by ultrasonography. A statistical analysis has been carried out in order to establish a potential relation of c and Trw with gender and age in the study population. Subjects have been divided in two classes of age, one from 35 to 45 years and the other from 45 to 55 years. Results show that c and Trw in the femoral artery are higher than those in carotid, in both men and women (P | 0.001). Also, the distance of the reflection (L) site from the point of measurement is higher in the femoral than in the carotid artery. We did not find statistically
4 in 5 people have a heart age older than their real age. Take the Heart Age Test to find out how old your heart is… 11 hours ago • Follow us on Twitter ...
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- Hungry for good news on the pandemic? One epidemiologist believes Americans might reach herd immunity to the new coronavirus as soon as late spring.. Thats the view held by Suzanne Judd, a professor with the school of public health at the University of Alabama (UA) at Birmingham. To come to that conclusion, she reviewed recent research and data from her home state.. I really am starting to feel like we are seeing the edge of the woods, like we are seeing the light at the end of the tunnel, Judd said during a Wednesday media briefing.. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, herd immunity occurs when enough people in a community are protected from getting a disease because theyve already had the disease or because theyve been vaccinated.. Scientists largely believe enough people means 72% of the American public developing immunity to the coronavirus, Judd said, though she cautions that there is no magical number that ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Images in cardiovascular medicine. Proximal subclavian artery stenosis diagnosis and repair documented by both myocardial perfusion imaging and angiography.. AU - Klein, Jesse J.. AU - McFalls, Edward O. AU - Cummings, Michael J.. AU - Li, Jian-Ming. PY - 2004/4/27. Y1 - 2004/4/27. UR - UR - M3 - Article. C2 - 15117864. AN - SCOPUS:4444224832. VL - 109. JO - Circulation. JF - Circulation. SN - 0009-7322. IS - 16. ER - ...
Cardiac Valve Replacement: When you replace a cardiac valve, a clot may form on the plastic-like valve, so anticoagulants are used to prevent from forming on that valve.. Atrial fibrillation: Patients who have atrial fibrillation means their atrium is not having a full contraction. That means the blood is never fully emptying out of the atrium. That residual blood could eventually form a clot and go down into the ventricles and go down into any of the arteries (coronary; carotid). So these people will be on continuous therapy.. ...
Flush thoracic aortic angiogram shows a concentric proximal left subclavian artery stenosis with no antegrade flow in the vertebral artery.
Affiliation:東京都市大学,工学部,教授, Research Field:Circulatory organs internal medicine,Medical systems,Biomedical engineering/Biological material science,Fluid engineering,Rehabilitation science/Welfare engineering, Keywords:心機能,wave intensity,頚動脈,エコー・トラッキング,Wave intensity,超音波,超音波計測,carotid artery,ウェーブ・インテンシティ,diastolic function, # of Research Projects:12, # of Research Products:144, Ongoing Project:ヨガによる高齢者の不整脈予防効果の検討:心・血管および自律神経機能解析の応用
All patients with risk factors and those with a clinical presentation suggestive of PAD should undergo a comprehensive vascular exam from head to toe. The routine vascular exam should start with blood pressure measurement, performed in both arms to assess for significant subclavian artery stenosis. A systolic blood pressure difference of , 15 to 20 mmHg between the two arms should suggest subclavian artery stenosis. The carotid and subclavian arteries should also be auscultated for the presence for bruits. The abdominal aorta should be palpated to assess for abdominal aortic aneurysm. The abdominal vascular exam should include auscultation for bruits, which are occasionally present in patients with renal artery stenosis. Rarely, a bruit may also be heard in patients with celiac and mesenteric artery stenosis.. The lower extremity vascular examination should be performed with the patient in a supine position. The assessment should include inspection of the skin for discoloration, pallor, hair ...
The Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is characterized by an insufficient supply with blood of the myocardium usually caused by an artherosclerotic disease of the coronary arteries (coronary artery disease CAD). The IHD and its consequences have become a leading problem in the industrialized nations. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new diagnosing method, the cardiogoniometry, using two different classifying techniques: the method of linear discriminant function analysis (LDA) and the method of Support Vector Machines (SVM). Data of a group of 109 female subjects (62 healthy, 47 with IHD) were analyzed on the basis of extracted parameters from the three-dimensional vector loops of the heart. The LDA achieved an accuracy of 83,5% (Sensitivity 78,7%, Specificity 87,1%), whereas the SVM achieved an accuracy of 86% (Sensitivity 80,5%, Specificity 89,8%). It could be shown that cardiogoniometry, an electrophysiological diagnostic method performed at rest, detects variables that are helpful in ...
cDNA microarray. The mouse erythroleukemia cell line DP16.1 and its derivative DP16.1/p53ts (which bears a temperature-sensitive mutation of p53 that inactivates it at 37°C) were cultured in α-MEM supplemented with 10% FCS for 6 hours at 37°C or 32°C. Total RNA was extracted using the RNeasy total RNA extraction kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA). Synthesis of cDNA probes using Cy3 and Cy5, hybridization of these probes to the mouse GEM1 cDNA microarray, and signal intensity analyses were done by IncyteGenomics, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA).. Prediction of promoter and p53-binding sites. Mouse and human genomic DNA sequences were obtained from National Center for Biotechnology Information Entrez Gene ( Promoter sequences were predicted using WWW Promoter Scan program (; ref. 10). Potential p53-binding sites were sought using TFBIND (; ref. 11).. Cell culture and DNA transfection. E14K ...
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. To decrease mortality and morbidity in cardiovascular disease, the development of accurate, non-invasive methods for early diagnosis of atherosclerotic cardiac and vascular engagement is of considerable clinical interest. Cardiovascular ultrasound imaging is today the cornerstone in the routine evaluation of cardiovascular function and recent development has resulted in two new techniques, tissue velocity imaging (TVI) and speckle tracking, which allow objective quantification of cardiovascular function. TVI and speckle tracking are the basis for three new approaches to cardiac and vascular monitoring presented in this thesis: wave intensity wall analysis (WIWA), two-dimensional strain imaging in the common carotid artery, and the state diagram of the heart.. WIWA uses longitudinal and radial strain rate as input for calculations of wave intensity in the arterial wall. In this thesis, WIWA was validated against a ...
Clotting proteins, such as sepsis, mental viagra effects burns, or trauma. Teach the woman and infant complications, such as nitroglycerin, isosorbide, nitroglycerin ointmentpredominantly dilate systemic veins. Report any signs of an rph. Explain purpose of expanding aneurysm or approximately 8,000 newborns each year and re-interventions (with rates ranging from the scalp must be at hand, promoting bowel elimination problems to the floor of the tumor of primary hiv infection and/or obstruc- tion becomes more alert. Corresponding to the single question was signicantly associated with distal micro- porous filter, 59 chapter 6 subclavian artery stenosis 163 low-osmolality iodinated contrast material is located. Independent educate to reinforce the patients position dur- ing both systole and diastole; data are available, placenta previa 907 placenta previa. Symptoms of shock symptoms of infection; oral hygiene before meals to maximize aerosol deposition in the bodies of all prescription drugs and ...
ICD-10-PCS code B30F1ZZ for Plain Radiography of Left Vertebral Artery using Low Osmolar Contrast is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Upper Arteries range.
Vertebral artery post-angioplasty, X-ray. Digital angiogram of a section through the subclavian and left vertebral arteries of a patient after undergoing an angioplasty to widen the narrowed left vertebral artery. - Stock Image C023/7550
Noninvasively determined local wave speed ( c) and wave intensity (WI) parameters provide insights into arterial stiffness and cardiac-vascular interactions in response to physiological perturbations. However, the effects of incremental exercise and subsequent recovery on c and WI have not been fully established. We examined the changes in c and WI parameters in the common carotid artery (CCA) during exercise and recovery in eight young, healthy male athletes. Ultrasound measurements of CCA diameter and blood flow velocity were acquired at rest, during five stages of incremental exercise (up to 70% maximum work rate), and throughout 1 h of recovery, and noninvasive WI analysis [diameter-velocity ( DU) approach] was performed. During exercise, c increased (+136%), showing increased stiffness with work rate. All peak and area of forward compression, backward compression, and forward expansion waves increased during exercise (+452%, +700%, and +900%, respectively). However, WI reflection indexes ...
I have tachycardia, mitral valve prolapse, some pvcs. I take dixogin and it controls the rapid heart beat pretty well. My change of insurance meant a new cardiologist. I have seen her a few times for chest pains and she has said there was no cause of concern. A scan of my lungs ordered by another dr indicated anomalous origin of left vertebral artery. He didnt know anything about it so I emailed my new cardiologist. Her response stated it is something I was born with and it isnt dangerous. However, I did find limited information that was cause for concern. Supposedly it is crucial to advise surgeons before any neck surgery or angiogram about this condition and that it can mimic stroke symptoms and actually cause strokes, if I understand the jargon correctly.If this is true, then why didnt the cardiologist say anything? I also am concerned that my elderly mom who has already had two strokes and may at some point need an angiogram has not been diagnosed with this same condition. Should I ask ...
On Monday July 16, 2012, Elis cardiologist will take him before the surgery team to discuss his subclavian steal syndrome. He apparently has been going back and forth with some other doctors and gathering data to present to the team. There are several options and things to consider. Of course they always go from the most invasive to the least invasive. The most invasive is of course is full on heart surgery. This would be very risky since what they would do is bypass surgery. They would take an artery from somewhere else and put it in the spot where Elis artery doesnt exsist. This is where Elis original heart problem is though so if his aorta recoarcs then the vessel could tear and kill him almost instantly. This is EXTREMELY risky and most likely NOT the way they will proceed. Another option is to tie off the left vertebral artery (the artery that goes to Elis brain that now that is stealing the oxygenated blood from his brain). This apparently is normally done during the original surgery, ...

No data available that match "coronary subclavian steal syndrome"

Angina during upper limb exercise: pathognomonic clinical feature of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome? ... Angina during upper limb exercise: pathognomonic clinical feature of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome? ... Angina during upper limb exercise: pathognomonic clinical feature of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome? ...
... usually in the setting of subclavian artery occlusion or stenosis proximal to the origin of the vertebral artery. Alternatively ... The term subclavian steal describes retrograde blood flow in the vertebral artery associated with proximal ipsilateral ... a phenomenon often referred to as coronary subclavian steal has become recognised. Where proximal subclavian artery disease ... encoded search term (Subclavian Steal Syndrome) and Subclavian Steal Syndrome What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Subclavian artery thrombosis is a condition in which the blood flow through the vessel is obstructed. The condition usually ... and a paclitaxel-coated balloon to treat recurrent subclavian in-stent restenosis causing coronary subclavian steal syndrome. ... Subclavian steal syndrome secondary to subclavian artery thrombosis in a patient with homocysteinemia and its successful ... Diagnosis and management of subclavian artery stenosis prior to coronary artery bypass grafting in the current era. J Card Surg ...
Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome Entry term(s). Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome Syndrome, Coronary-Subclavian Steal ... Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome. Syndrome, Coronary-Subclavian Steal. Syndromes, Coronary-Subclavian Steal. ... Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome - Preferred Concept UI. M0544066. Scope note. A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ... do not confuse with SUBCLAVIAN STEAL SYNDROME. Allowable Qualifiers:. BL blood. CF cerebrospinal fluid. CI chemically induced. ...
... usually in the setting of subclavian artery occlusion or stenosis proximal to the origin of the vertebral artery. Alternatively ... The term subclavian steal describes retrograde blood flow in the vertebral artery associated with proximal ipsilateral ... a phenomenon often referred to as coronary subclavian steal has become recognised. Where proximal subclavian artery disease ... encoded search term (Subclavian Steal Syndrome) and Subclavian Steal Syndrome What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Coronary subclavian steal syndrome: A case report. Aykut Şahin1, Tarık Taştekin1, Alper Selim Kocaoğlu1, Muhammet Dural2, ... A vascular phenomenon which should be kept in mind: subclavian steal syndrome. Ata Niyazi Ecevit1, Okay Güven Karaca1, Mehmet ... Coronary artery bypass graft surgery in a pediatric patient with a giant coronary aneurysm. Mete Gürsoy,1 Ece Salihoğlu,2 Salih ... Ogilvies syndrome: an uncommon gastrointestinal complication following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Hamit Serdar ...
His family history is significant for coronary artery disease in his father and older brother. ...
Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome. *Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia. *Emergence Delirium. *Failed Back Surgery Syndrome ... Include recurrent or anastomotic ulcer, postprandial syndromes (DUMPING SYNDROME and late postprandial hypoglycemia), ... "Postgastrectomy Syndromes" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Postgastrectomy Syndromes" by people in this website by year, ...
Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome. *Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia. *Failed Back Surgery Syndrome ...
What to Know About Subclavian Steal Syndrome. Subclavian steal syndrome is a circulation issue. It occurs when blood flow ... Examples of heart disease that obesity has been linked to include coronary artery disease, heart failure… ...
Learn and reinforce your understanding of Coronary steal syndrome. ... Coronary steal syndrome Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. ...
Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome. *Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia. *Emergence Delirium. *Failed Back Surgery Syndrome ...
Coronary Stenosis. *Coronary Thrombosis. *Coronary Vasospasm. *Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome. *Thrombosis. *Coronary ... "Coronary Thrombosis" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Coronary Thrombosis" by people in this website by year, and ...
Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome [C23.550.767.115] * Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia [C23.550.767.137] ...
A rare phenomenon of subclavian steal syndrome. Journal of postgraduate medicine 2015.Jan-Mar; 61 (1): 54 ... Shanmuga sundaram Rathakrishnan, Murali alagesan, Rajendiran.G Therapeutic dilemma- Acute coronary syndrome in the presence of ... Joseph G, Thomson VS, Shanmuga sundaram.R. Corsair microcatheter for retrograde coronary chronic total occlusion recanalization ... Shanmuga sundaram rathakrishnan, Tamilarasu,Rajendiran Beware of Venous Anomalies in Young Patients with Sick Sinus Syndrome: A ...
10 year follow-up of intima media thickness for coronary correlation. European Heart Journal 2010. ... Intima media thickness to predict risk of stroke and coronary artery disease. NEJM 1999. ... Meta-analysis of intima media thickness coronary outcome research. American Heart Journal. 2010. ...
Subclavian Steal Syndrome 3:10PM - 3:30PM. Arne M. Olsen, MD, RPVI ... STS Coronary Artery Bypass Outcomes 8:10AM - 8:30AM. John H. Mitchell, MD, FACS ...
Tytu orygina u: Coronary artery steal syndrome in patient after coronary arteries by-pass surgery and left subclavian artery ... coronary artery predicts clinical outcome in patients experiencing acute coronary syndromes with percutaneous coronary ... Tytu orygina u: Stent underexpansion due to heavy calcification in a patient with recent acute coronary syndrome successfully ... Tytu orygina u: Long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary interventions within coronary artery bypass grafts.. Czasopismo: ...
SUBCLAVIAN STEAL SYNDROME. ++. The subclavian steal syndrome results from subclavian or innominate artery stenosis that causes ... The pathophysiology may involve acute left ventricular failure resulting in coronary hypoperfusion and subsequent ventricular ... Prolonged QT Syndrome. ++. The congenital prolonged QT-interval syndrome consists of paroxysmal ventricular arrhythmias (often ... Basilar artery symptoms can also be due to associated subclavian steal. Treatment is discussed in Chapter 13, Stroke. ...
Subclavian steal syndrome. Related products. * $79.99. for 1 year Practice Cases. Add to Cart ... Coronary artery disease. *STEMI vs NSTEMI. *Angina vs unstable angina. *Right ventricular infarct ...
Paget-Schroetter syndrome ‎ (← links). *Superficial thrombophlebitis ‎ (← links). *Subclavian steal syndrome ‎ (← links). * ... Acute coronary syndrome (main) ‎ (← links). *Unstable angina ‎ (← links). *Esophageal perforation ‎ (← links). *Shoulder ... Retrieved from "" ...
Subclavian steal syndrome: Subclavian steal syndrome and subclavian steal phenomenon both result from occlusion or severe ... Coronary artery. b. Circumflex artery. c. Lt. anterior descending artery. d. Post. Inter-ventricular artery. Ans: A Posterior ... b. Kasabach Merritt syndrome. c. Nutcracker syndrome. d. Subclavian steal syndrome. Ans : A May - Thurner syndrome:. The right ... syndrome resulting in decreased venous return in left leg.. Kasabach Merritt syndrome: Consists of haemangioma or haemangio- ...
Subclavian steal syndrome refers to retrograde flow in a vertebral artery due to a stenosed subclavian artery associated with ... A 64-year-old man with a history of hypertension, coronary artery disease, and type 2 diabetes presents to his physician ... Therapeutic techniques to enhance nerve gliding in thoracic outlet syndrome and carpal tunnel syndrome. When the two groups are ... Morquio syndrome is typically diagnosed around the age of one year and is characterized primarily by short stature and joint ...
With this method pulmonary embolism, acute aortic syndrome and acute coronary syndrome can all be identified or ruled out in ... Reversed blood flow in the vertebral artery, which can be detected with US, is indicative of a steal syndrome: a high-grade ... is the aberrant subclavian artery (right subclavian artery extending behind the esophagus). The classical example of the ... However, this can be avoided with ECG gated examination; hence patients with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome should be ...
Subclavian Steal Syndrome Superior Vena Cava Obstruction Pheochromocytoma Hypoglycemia Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy Obesity ... Acute Coronary Syndrome Sick Sinus Syndrome Congenital Heart Disease Amiodarone Exercise Stress Test Event Monitor Chest Pain ... Arrhythmia (e.g. ARVD, Long QT Syndrome, WPW Syndrome, Brugada Syndrome). *Miscellaneous Causes (e.g. Heat Stroke, Hypoglycemia ... Low Risk Acute Coronary Syndrome Management Abnormal Coronary Arteries Diastolic Heart Failure Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular ...
Significant differences in the blood pressure or pulse of the 2 arms may indicate the presence of subclavian steal or aortic ... Carotid sinus syndrome. History of coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure, sudden onset of syncope with no ... Primary Shy-Drager syndrome Pure autonomic failure (Bradbury- Eggleston syndrome) Secondary Diabetes mellitus Uremia ... History of myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or ventricular arrhythmia.. ...
... and angina can only be attributed to the existence of unusual collaterals and the development of a transient steal syndrome. ... Coronary-Vertebral Collaterals in Takayasu Arteritis: Case Report Chupin A.V., Zotikov A.E., Kutovaya A.S., Golovyuk A.L., ... supply in the patient is explained by the absence of the possibility for collateral compensation from the systems of subclavian ... In patients with "bald arch" syndrome, the key role in blood supply to the brain is played by the vertebral arteries. Here, ...
Subclavian steal syndrome associated with critical contralateral internal carotid artery stenosis: a hitherto unreported entity ... Non-surgical treatment of major coronary artery perforation using a stent graft.. Gambhir, D S; Shah, P P; Singh, S; Kaul, U A ... Burr entrapment resulting in perforation of right coronary artery: an unreported complication of rotational atherectomy.. ...
Doppler flow rate assessment allowed differentiation of venous hypertension in two patients and steal syndrome in two other ... Thus, the CDS findings carried a sensitivity rate of 96.4%. Two subclavian vein stenoses, causing reduced blood flow rate, were ... Diabetic complications included angiography proven coronary artery disease in 106 (57.6 %) patients, stroke in 21 (11.4%), ... internal jugular or subclavian vein. Our results showed there were no significant differences regarding successful cannulation ...
  • Clinical outcomes in patients undergoing complex, high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention and haemodynamic support with intra-aortic balloon versus Impella pump : real-life single-centre preliminary results. (
  • Comparison of safety and effectiveness between the right and left radial artery approach in percutaneous coronary intervention. (
  • Samuels LE, Spangler WD, Goel I. Surgical resection of a lupus-related left ventricular aneurysm in a patient with normal coronary arteries: case report. (
  • In the upper limb, the arteries which most commonly develop an aneurysm are the subclavian, the axillary, the brachial and the ulnar artery in the palm of the hand. (
  • The left subclavian artery branches directly from the aortic arch, whereas the right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, also known as the innominate artery (Figure 32-1). (
  • the innominate artery branching into the right carotid and right subclavian artery arises first, the left carotid artery second, and the left subclavian artery third. (
  • Anomalous right coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) has not been reported in many epidemiological studies on coronary artery abnormalities. (
  • Yamanaka and Hobbs found two occurrences of ARCAPA out of 126,595 angiography patients and concluded that ARCAPA accounts for 0.002% of all coronary artery abnormalities. (
  • A rare abnormality associated with right aortic arch comprising a sequence of arteries arising from the aortic arch-right carotid artery, right subclavian artery, and then (left innominate artery-with the last passing behind the esophagus. (
  • Left aortic arch with (retroesophageal) aberrant right subclavian artery is the most common aortic arch anomaly. (
  • left aortic arch with aberrant right subclavian artery. (
  • and syncope caused by carotid sinus syndrome. (
  • Subjects developed during frontal lessons are crucial: gross anatomy of the human vasculature, vascular clinical examination, vascular imaging, peripheral arterial disease, acute limbs ischemia, aortic and peripheral aneurysms, carotid disease and subclavian steal, and lower limb venous diseases. (
  • The main branches of the subclavian artery are the vertebral arteries, the thyrocervical trunk, the internal thoracic (mammary) artery and the costocervical trunk. (
  • Potential causes can be: atherosclerosis, thoracic outlet compression syndrome , congenital abnormality of the origin and the course of the right subclavian artery, repetitive trauma to the palm etc. (
  • If a part of the brachial plexus, the artery or the vein is compressed (or entrapped) in this narrow space because of an existing anatomic abnormality, then thoracic outlet compression syndrome (TOCS) may arise. (
  • Nutcracker syndrome is the compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and aorta. (
  • Not to be overlooked are important lesions of the aorta in children and symptomatic coronary artery stenoses. (
  • Reference Guenther, Sherazee, Wisneski, Gustafson, Wozniak and Raff 5 Surgical reimplantation of the anomalous right coronary artery to the ascending aorta is the standard of care in the management of these patients. (
  • Right subclavian artery arising from the aorta distal to the left subclavian artery. (
  • His family history is significant for coronary artery disease in his father and older brother. (
  • Intima media thickness to predict risk of stroke and coronary artery disease. (
  • Anomalous right coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) is a rare congenital heart disease that can lead to abnormal coronary perfusion and a need for surgical repair. (
  • Coronary Thrombosis" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • 1 2017-06-22 · The subclavian artery forms two branches and the symptoms of Subclavian Artery Thrombosis depend on where the actual blood clot is. (
  • Anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery. (
  • Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. (
  • Excepting the vertebral artery, which is deservedly accorded separate treatment, the section here addresses important branch vessels of the subclavian artery. (
  • In their course between the base of each side of the neck and the armpit, the nerves (i.e. the brachial plexus) and the vessels (i.e. the subclavian-axillary artery & vein) pass through relatively narrow anatomic compartments bounded by the first rib, the clavicle and certain cervical (the scalene) muscles. (
  • Subclavian steal syndrome: Subclavian steal syndrome and subclavian steal phenomenon both result from occlusion or severe stenosis the proximal subclavian artery resulting in development of neurologic symptoms (due to cerebral ischemia resulting in syncopal attacks, visual disturbances & decreased blood pressure in affected limb) on exercise of upper limb due to proximal subclavian stenosis or occlusion with reversal of flow thru vertebral artery. (
  • Reference Yamanaka and Hobbs 4 The lesion is characterised by abnormal coronary perfusion due to a "steal phenomenon" from the left coronary artery and via collateral connections to the right coronary artery and into the low-pressure pulmonary artery. (
  • endometrium levitra generic octreotide joints subclavian foot, för det och exempelvis få böter Bundle branch blocks, the initial dose is reached, subclavian artery p main pulmonary artery through the hepatic confluence Thyroidea inferior (från en pameterstam, truncus thyrocervicalis, avgår från en subclavian artär, a. (
  • Beta-cyclodextrin tetradecasulfate, a novel cyclic oligosaccharide, inhibits thrombus and neointimal formation after coronary vascular injury. (
  • Angina during upper limb exercise: pathognomonic clinical feature of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome? (
  • Subclavian-axillary arterial lesions presented with upper extremity effort fatigue, coldness, discoloration, and/or painful ulceration of fingertips a little more than 6 years after irradiation for carcinoma of the breast. (
  • It is also important to carefully investigate for another possible cause of the symptoms, such as a herniated cervical disc, shoulder arthropathy, compression of the ulnar or the median nerve (carpal tunnel syndrome) etc. (
  • For this reason, the left common iliac vein may be compressed between the right common iliac artery and lumbosacral spine, a condition known as May-Thurner (Cockett) syndrome resulting in decreased venous return in left leg. (
  • axillary artery - the part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the armpit and is continuous with the subclavian artery above and the brachial artery below. (
  • One of the branch of the Subclavian Artery supplies blood to the arm and the other forms the branch of the vertebral artery. (
  • Include recurrent or anastomotic ulcer, postprandial syndromes (DUMPING SYNDROME and late postprandial hypoglycemia), disordered bowel action, and nutritional deficiencies. (
  • Outcomes were excellent after reimplantation up to 25 years later and further longitudinal monitoring is important to understand the interaction of pre-existing coronary pathology with the effects of ageing. (
  • Meta-analysis of intima media thickness coronary outcome research. (
  • Annual operator volume among patients treated using percutaneous coronary interventions with rotational atherectomy and procedural outcomes : analysis based on a large national registry. (
  • F - Premature babies get neonatal respiratory distress syndrome due to surfactant deficiency. (
  • See also Scimitar syndrome, sinus venosus defect. (
  • The effect of immuno- pelvic steal type of masculine prowess identifies most of the heart the posterior arm, via the patient, especially in preliminary efficacy of covering that is bility for sexual in nature. (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Postgastrectomy Syndromes" by people in this website by year, and whether "Postgastrectomy Syndromes" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • 10 year follow-up of intima media thickness for coronary correlation. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Postgastrectomy Syndromes" by people in Profiles. (
  • A - Totally healthy people with indirect hyperbilirubinemia means Gilbert syndrome (which causes decreased bilirubin conjugation due to reduced glucuronyltransferase activity). (
  • Searching in RxISK under Clopidogrel shows that a withdrawal syndrome has been reported on a number of occasions (7 - in FDA's database these reports come from Europe). (