Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Corn Oil: Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Rumen: The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Fatty Acids, Volatile: Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Cyanamide: A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the calcium salt, sometimes also referred to as cyanamide. The citrated calcium salt is used in the treatment of alcoholism.Drug Tolerance: Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.Oils: Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Mycotoxins: Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Glutens: Prolamins in the endosperm of SEEDS from the Triticeae tribe which includes species of WHEAT; BARLEY; and RYE.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1: An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Fusarium: A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Saccharin: Flavoring agent and non-nutritive sweetener.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.Molasses: The syrup remaining after sugar is crystallized out of SUGARCANE or sugar beet juice. It is also used in ANIMAL FEED, and in a fermented form, is used to make industrial ETHYL ALCOHOL and ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Fumonisins: A group of MYCOTOXINS found in CORN contaminated with FUSARIUM fungus. They are chains of about 20 carbons with acidic ester, acetylamino and sometimes other substituents. They inhibit ceramide synthetase conversion of SPHINGOLIPIDS to CERAMIDES.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Zearalenone: (S-(E))-3,4,5,6,8,10-Hexahydro-14,16-dihydroxy-3-methyl-1H-2-benzoxacyclotetradecin-1,7(8H)-dione. One of a group of compounds known under the general designation of resorcylic acid lactones. Cis, trans, dextro and levo forms have been isolated from the fungus Gibberella zeae (formerly Fusarium graminearum). They have estrogenic activity, cause toxicity in livestock as feed contaminant, and have been used as anabolic or estrogen substitutes.Reflex, Righting: The instinctive tendency (or ability) to assume a normal position of the body in space when it has been displaced.Fatty Liver, Alcoholic: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.XyloseBeetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Trichothecenes: Usually 12,13-epoxytrichothecenes, produced by Fusaria, Stachybotrys, Trichoderma and other fungi, and some higher plants. They may contaminate food or feed grains, induce emesis and hemorrhage in lungs and brain, and damage bone marrow due to protein and DNA synthesis inhibition.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Acetic Acid: Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Alcohol Deterrents: Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.Mice, Inbred C57BLSucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Hydroxytryptophol: 5-Hydroxy-indole-3-ethanol.Aflatoxins: Furano-furano-benzopyrans that are produced by ASPERGILLUS from STERIGMATOCYSTIN. They are structurally related to COUMARINS and easily oxidized to an epoxide form to become ALKYLATING AGENTS. Members of the group include AFLATOXIN B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; AFLATOXIN M1; and aflatoxin M2.Phosphorus, Dietary: Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Receptors, GABA-A: Cell surface proteins which bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and contain an integral membrane chloride channel. Each receptor is assembled as a pentamer from a pool of at least 19 different possible subunits. The receptors belong to a superfamily that share a common CYSTEINE loop.Acetates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Flour: Ground up seed of WHEAT.
... on MSNBC.com Rattner, Steven (June 24, 2011). "Ethanol Production Wastes Corn". The New York Times. Story, ... publishing his first column on how government policies drive up corn prices. In 2005, Quadrangle made payments to private ...
"Corn--Acreage, Production, and Value, by Leading States statistics - USA Census numbers". www.allcountries.org. Retrieved 26 ... Tom Philpott (10 May 2006). "ADM, high-fructose corn syrup, and ethanol". Grist. Retrieved 9 September 2011. Institute for ... High-fructose corn syrup, derived from corn, is more economical because the domestic U.S. and Canadian prices of sugar are ... Sugar beets provide approximately 30% of world sugar production. Beginning in the late 18th century, the production of sugar ...
As ethanol production from corn has continued at the same levels, some have argued this trend shows the belief that the ... Nevertheless, supporters of ethanol claim that using corn for ethanol is not responsible for the worst food riots in the world ... "Analysts, including some in the ethanol sector, say ethanol demand adds about 75 cents to $1.00 per bushel to the price of corn ... In the United States, government subsidies for ethanol production have prompted many farmers to switch to production for ...
Ethanol production Fermentation of biomass such as sugarcane, wheat or corn releases CO2 as a by-product Industry ... Globally, 14 Gt of forestry residue and 4.4 Gt residues from crop production (mainly barley, wheat, corn, sugarcane and rice) ... but also during the production of pulp used to make paper and in the production of biofuels such as biogas and bioethanol. The ... At ethanol plants. Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (IL-CCS) is one of the milestones, being the first ...
... the barley area was cut in order to increase corn production. Barley is not currently used to produce ethanol.) Wheat ... Most of the corn produced in the US is field corn, not sweet corn, and not digestible by humans in its raw form. Most corn is ... Ethanol fuel as an oxygenate additive. The demand for ethanol fuel produced from field corn was spurred in the U.S. by ... National Corn Growers Association. US government subsidies for making ethanol from corn have been attacked as the main ...
... and chemical production. In 2011, United Ethanol constructed a corn oil extraction facility. United Cooperative Annual Report ... In 2008, United Ethanol constructed a carbon dioxide processing facility, which is the byproduct of ethanol production. The ... United Ethanol is a subsidiary of United Cooperative. United Ethanol was incorporated in 2007, and produces 3.9 million gallons ... carbon dioxide is then sold for use in food processing, beverage production, oil recovery, municipal water treatment, ...
David Dayden (2012-08-10). "UN Begs US to Stop Corn-Based Ethanol Production During Drought". Firedoglake. Retrieved 2012-08-10 ... Ethanol critics contend that RFS requirements crowd out production that would go to feed livestock. Advanced Technology ... The study found that the United States already has the capacity to produce 14 billion gallons of corn-grain ethanol (an amount ... At this point the quota meant that biofuel production accounted for 40% of the entire US corn crop. According to research ...
Some of the maize production is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup ... The six major types of corn are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. Most historians believe ... In 2016, maize (corn) production was forecast to be over 15 billion bushels, an increase of 11% over 2014 American production. ... Corn supply, disappearance, and share of total corn used for ethanol. www.ers.usda.gov/datafiles/US_Bioenergy/Feedstocks/ ...
The best alternative would be to forgo the production of ethanol from corn. If the country wants to rely on biofuels, it should ... The explosive growth in the production of ethanol as a biofuel is greatly aggravating nitrogen pollution. Several studies have ... Runoff from corn fields is particularly avoidable because corn's roots penetrate only the top few inches of soil and assimilate ... Phosphorus is a scarce finite resource on earth and means of production other than mining are unavailable because of its non- ...
... corn oil suitable for use as a feedstock to biodiesel plants is now being extracted from byproducts of ethanol fuel production ... Partially lying within the Corn Belt, South Dakota is a leading producer of ethanol fuel from corn. As of December, 2011, South ... Ethanol plants in South Dakota used 291 million bushels of corn in 2009. South Dakota grows soybeans and other oil seed crops ... "POET ramps up production of corn oil for biodiesel". domesticfuel.com. Retrieved 27 December 2011. U.S. EIA South Dakota state ...
Across the United States, 25% of the whole corn crop went to ethanol in 2007. The percentage of corn going to biofuel is ... which would mandate the production of dual-fuel vehicles and the sale of E85 ethanol fuel. Nautical/Fleet/United States portal ... The United States-an important export country for food stocks-will convert 18% of its grain output to ethanol in 2008. ...
... while corn ethanol production continued unabated. "Analysts, including some in the ethanol sector, say ethanol demand adds ... The 2008 financial crisis illustrated corn ethanol's limited impact on corn prices, which fell 50% from their July 2008 high by ... corn ethanol reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 34 percent over gasoline. The amount of ethanol used in the United States is ... The quota for 2022 was to allow no more than a maximum of 15 billion gallons from corn-starch ethanol and a minimum of 16 ...
Michigan Ethanol, a partner of Broin Companies, operates a corn ethanol production facility in southwest Caro. Michigan Sugar ... Industries such as sugar refining and ethanol processing, as well as growing various grains and beans, make up most of the ... Major agricultural products include sugar beets, navy beans, corn, fruits, and fish from the Saginaw Bay and Lake Huron. ... Marysville Hydrocarbons is an ethanol plant in Marysville. ...
"Ethanol Production Using Corn, Switchgrass, and Wood; Biodiesel Production Using Soybean and Sunflower" Archived 9 August 2007 ... See for example "In the mix: Iogen a long-standing forerunner in cellulosic ethanol production" Industrial Biotechnology. 2006 ... 1 and "Root for ethanol now" - American Coalition for Ethanol Science Journal (January 2006). Retrieved 31 August 2007. Martin ... The production of renewable energy in Scotland is an issue that has come to the fore in technical, economic, and political ...
South Dakota has high levels of corn production and windy prairies to produce these forms of energy. On March ... and to create a small ethanol producer tax credit, introduced January 29, 2002. H.R. 3920, a bill to monitor the population of ... Science and Technology Subcommittee on Production, Income Protection and Price Support Committee on Finance United States ... Thune advocates developing alternative sources of energy such as ethanol and wind energy; ...
Biofuel, using sweet sorghum as a high sugar content from its stalk for ethanol production, is being developed with biomass ... "Sweet sorghum is a drought-tolerant feedstock with the potential to produce more ethanol/acre than corn". Department of ... FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition" Sorghum on US Grains Council Web Site Sweet Sorghum Ethanol ... "Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production". eXtension. 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-02. "The Plant List: Sorghum". Royal Botanic Gardens ...
Odom used taxpayer funhds to encourage the production of ethanol from sugar cane syrup, rather than corn. During his final term ... The plant has never produced a single drop of ethanol, and the machinery to process the sugar cane is still unassembled at the ...
Aventine engaged in the production and marketing of corn-based fuel-grade ethanol in the United States. Aventine marketed and ... corn gluten meal and feed, corn oil, corn germ and grain distillers dried yeast. Aventine marketed these co-products primarily ... ir.stockpr.com/pacificethanol/press-releases/detail/462/pacific-ethanol-completes-aventine-merger Pacific Ethanol, Inc. ... through merger with AVR Merger Sub, Inc., one of Pacific Ethanol's wholly owned subsidiaries. Verbio List of renewable energy ...
... specifically the conversion of corn and other grains into ethanol by fermentation. They later produced riboflavin by microbial ... made possible the expedient translation of new processes from the laboratory and demonstration plant into full production. As ...
Before Collingwood Ethanol started production, however, Nacan (a starch plant that once occupied the now ethanol plant) also ... Collingwood Ethanol also produces byproducts of the ethanol manufacturing process, including an organic corn gluten fertilizer ... In June 2007, Collingwood Ethanol (Now Amaizeingly Green) began production in the former Nacan facility. The company expected ... Due to the higher cost of corn, the plant has not been in operation for some time. Located on the southern shores of Georgian ...
Essentially all ethanol fuel in the US is produced from corn. Corn is a very energy-intensive crop, which requires one unit of ... The largest ethanol production facility was established in 2001 as a joint venture between PetroChina, Cofoco, and the Jilin ... This prices Brazilian ethanol out of an otherwise competitive market. Brazil makes ethanol from sugarcane rather than corn ( ... The country has about 125 ethanol producers with a total capacity of 1.25 billion liters of ethanol. Most of these ethanol- ...
Today most bioethanol production plants use the dry milling process to ferment corn or other feedstock directly to ethanol. ... Glucose from starch can be further fermented to biofuel corn ethanol using the so-called wet milling process. ... American coalition for ethanol, Ethanol facilities Zhang, Y.-H. Percival; Evans, Barbara R.; Mielenz, Jonathan R.; Hopkins, ... In the United States sugar prices are two to three times higher than in the rest of the world; high fructose corn syrup is ...
... of biofuels has been a particular source of controversy for ethanol derived from corn (bioethanol). The actual ... net energy of biofuel production is highly dependent on both the bio source that is converted into energy, how it is grown and ... Details on this can be found in the Ethanol fuel energy balance article. Similar considerations also apply to biodiesel and ...
... (Panicum miliaceum L.) fermentation for fuel ethanol production. Industrial Crops and Products 43, p. 602-605. ... Proso millet is an annual grass whose plants reach an average height of 100 cm (4 feet.). Like corn, it has a C4 photosynthesis ... derived from proso millet can be converted to ethanol with an only moderately lower efficiency than starch derived from corn. ... development of varieties with highly fermentable characteristics could improve ethanol yield to that of highly fermentable corn ...
In 2003, Michigan Ethanol, a partner of Broin Companies, opened a corn ethanol production facility in southwest Caro. This ...
Ethanol Production Using Corn, Switchgrass, and Wood; Biodiesel Production Using Soybean and Sunflower (PDF). ... Industrial Biotechnology Is Revolutionizing the Production of Ethanol Transportation Fuel (PDF), strany 3 - 4. ... America and Brazil Intersect on Ethanol. *↑ a b c d American Energy: The Renewable Path to Energy Security [online]. Worldwatch ... Pracuje sa na zvýšení efektivity produkcií biomasy. and there are new methods to boost biofuel production. ...
While this shouldnt be surprising to anyone, it raises public policy issues regarding ethanol usage requirements in motor fuel ... Given that the energy efficiency of ethanol fuel ... ... last years drought has started to curtail ethanol production. ... Corn ethanol is and probably always will be a handout to the farming states. It takes more oil to grow the corn for ethanol ... Even worse, the Ethanol producers dont want market corn. They want corn from inside their corn shadow they can attest the real ...
... the majority of ethanol production in the United States utilizes corn grain, which supplied about 14 billion gallons of ethanol ... corn supplies for ethanol are expected to be limited due to concerns that corn grown for fuel limits or competes with corn ... such as corn grain or sugar cane, is a renewable fuel that helps lessen dependence on petroleum-based fossil fuels. Currently, ... Ethanol Production. The basic process for ethanol production from plant material is shown in figure 1. For corn grain, the ...
have launched a new alpha-amylase enzyme designed to improve the efficiency and economics of corn ethanol production. Developed ... New Enzyme for More Efficient Corn Ethanol Production 30 June 2005 Diversa Corporation and Valley Research, Inc. have launched ... Hello, I am trying to make corn ethanol for personnal use on my dairy farm. I need to know if you sell the enzymes required in ... Very broadly, in this type of production, corn or starchy grain is ground into flour ("meal"), which is then slurried with ...
Wildlife habitat near corn-ethanol refineries has been destroyed at a fast pace since a federal law was passed to produce more ... Study: Corn Ethanol Production Destroying Wildlife Habitat. By Veronica Carter - Minnesota News Connection , March 27, 2017. ... Minnesota is a huge ethanol producer. Minnesota is the fourth highest state when it comes to ethanol production, with nearly ... theuptake.org/2017/03/27/study-corn-ethanol-production-destroying-wildlife-habitat/) ...
In Brazil, SJC Bioenergia has purchased FQPTs technologies to integrate corn ethanol production into its sugarcane-ethanol ... SJC Bioenergias sugarcane plant to seamlessly integrate corn ethanol production. May 10, 2015 , Isabel Lane ... The SJC system will be the first co-location (cane and corn) to remove corn fiber before fermentation making the switch over ... which will produce a corn based starch slurry stream which gives high yields of ethanol and co-products while allowing the ...
The US is looking for alternatives to corn for Ethanol production in future. Plant cellulose seems to be the best alternative ... With rapid increase in the production of Bio-ethanol, US is expected to catch up with Brazil in ethanol production within next ... with the burgeoning Ethanol plants that use corn for Ethanol production. Owing to this, small players such as Broin Cos. and ... Corn is the most used feedstock in Ethanol production in US. Cereal prices have shown a sharp rise during the past few months, ...
Enogen corn enzyme technology is helping to make the ethanol industry more sustainable and more profitable forcorngrowers, ... Enogen corn enables growers to serve as enzyme suppliers to their local ethanol plants and offers the potential to earn a per- ... Ethanol fuel production is making a significant contribution to the U.S. economy, helping to create jobs and reduce carbon ... Enogen corn helps support the U.S. ethanol industry, a critically important sector to American farmers, rural communities and ...
... and does not have to be transported separately as required for corn ethanol (to avoid ethanol pick up of water in pipelines). ... gasoline) from its production and use is now focused on biobutanol. Being readied for production by a BP/DuPont team, ... Much of the early production is expected to be at retro-fitted ethanol plants.Â ... This is about the same basic cost claimed for Algenolâ€™s ethanol made from algae that continuously secrets ethanol vapors. In ...
In California, Pacific Ethanol has begun commercial production of corn oil utilizing Valicors corn oil recovery system at its ... In May, Pacific Ethanol began commercial production of corn oil utilizing Valicors proprietary VFRAC corn oil recovery system ... "With the production of distillers corn oil at our Columbia plant, all of our ethanol facilities separate corn oil for sale into ... Pacific Ethanol switches on Corn Oil production at its Boardman, Oregon plant. July 29, 2015 , Jim Lane ...
The purpose of this study is to estimate the corn supply response of western North Dakota farmers for ethanol production. Two ... over prevailing local corn prices that was required by western North Dakota farms to entice additional production of an ethanol ... Results show that sufficient corn can be produced in the surrounding region to support a 12 million gallon ethanol facility if ... Aggregation of these farm responses yielded a supply function of corn for the region. ...
Adding the biocatalyst to corn mash at 1 kg/T corn allowed to significantly improve ethanol production performances. The final ... Corn ethanol fermentation. Corn ethanol fermentation was carried out at laboratory scale under conditions reflecting the ones ... Impact of the biocatalyst on the production of CO2, ethanol and glycerol after 51 h of corn mash fermentation in bioreactor ... Effect of pooled fractions on ethanol production after 51 h of corn mash fermentation, as % of the increase obtained with the ...
Ethanol Ethanol Profile Ethanol - Industry Analysis Ethanol - Prices, Trends and Markets Ethanol - Profitability Ethanol - Co- ... "Production and Revenue Trends in Corn Ethanol, Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles, and Corn Distillers Oil. Renewable ... Figure 3. U.S. Monthly Ethanol Production. Corn Distillers Oil Production is Growing. Another important co-product from dry ... Also, as the production of ethanol increases, so does the production of DDGS and CDO. This is of value not only to the ethanol ...
National Corn Growers Tolman discusses impact of ethanol subsidies on corn production OnPoint: Tuesday, May 17, 2011. As corn ... CEO of the National Corn Growers Association, explains how ethanol production is affecting the price of corn. He also discusses ... what impact are ethanol subsidies having on the corn industry? During todays OnPoint, Rick Tolman, ... how the Department of Agricultures projected record corn crop for 2011 will affect prices and stability in the market. ...
Changing corn to ethanol by fermentation takes many steps. Starch in corn must be broken down into simple sugars before ... Most ethanol production in the United States is made in 50 production facilities in 20 different states. Most of these plants ... This second article by Absolute Futures will explain the commercial production of ethanol. Ethanol is a product of fermentation ... Ethanol is produced from corn by using one of two standard processes: wet-milling or dry-milling. Dry-milling plants cost less ...
At Advanced BioEnergy, we are committed to producing and promoting renewable energy. Capitalizing on the latest biotechnology, supply chain synergies and the talent of our workforce, we intend to be a leader in this dynamic, fast-paced industry.
Home » Production of glucose-fructose oxidoreductase and ethanol by Zymomonas mobilis ATCC 29191 in medium containing corn ... Production of glucose-fructose oxidoreductase and ethanol by Zymomonas mobilis ATCC 29191 in medium containing corn steep ... Different concentrations of corn steep liquor (CSL) were tested in the cultivation of Zymomonas mobilis. Cell growth, ethanol ... Mathematical modelling of ethanol production from glucose/xylose mixtures by recombinant Zymomonas mobilis. Leksawasdi, Noppol ...
Study Shows More Corn for Ethanol Production Hurts Water. (Beyond Pesticides, October 1, 2009) More pesticides and fertilizers ... Corn ethanol is also inefficient, producing only 1.34 joules of energy for each joule used in production (compared to 8 joules ... While touted as a green energy source, most corn ethanol is made with genetically modified corn that is routinely sprayed with ... Results of the new study, "Water Quality Impacts of Corn Production to Meet Biofuel Demands," by Indrajeet Chaubey, PhD, an ...
"Improvement of enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production from corn stalk by alkali and N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide ... Improvement of enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production from corn stalk by alkali and... Cai, Ling-Yan; Ma, Yu-Long; Ma, ... Improvement of enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production from corn stalk by alkali and N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide ... Improvement of enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production from corn stalk by alkali and N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide ...
19] Modeling the Process and Costs of Fuel Ethanol Production by the Corn Dry-Grind Process (USDA-Corn-to-Ethanol.zip, Size = ... This paper analyzes the production of fuel grade ethanol from corn using the dry-grind process. It includes technical as well ... SECOND AWARD - Economic Analysis of Cellulase Production Methods for Bio-Ethanol: Comparison of Liquid Versus Solid State ... 20] Bio-Diesel Production from De-gummed Vegetable Oil (USDA_Biodiesel.zip, Size = 390 KB). This paper analyzes the production ...
... of the worlds total ethanol production. One large global bank estimates that by adding corn ethanol to Brazils mix, the ... Iowa is the leading corn producing state, and ranks second in soybean production.. -Iowa has 44 ethanol biorefineries. These ... USDA Traveling Teams to Expand Ethanol Foreign Markets This month a delegation made of of corn ethanol representatives of POET ... Ethanol plants using Enogen corn have figured out that they only need about 15 percent of Enogen corn to provide the enzymatic ...
Published by BBI International Media, Ethanol Producer Magazine is the source for in depth ethanol industry news. ... largest and most read trade publication in the ethanol industry. ... Corn Plus. Parent Company: none. Location: Winnebago, MN. ...
... ethanol imports substitute for domestic ethanol production.. "A better indication of which ethanol and corn scenario will ... the USDA projects corn used for ethanol and co-product production at 4.9 billion bushels. "Actual consumption of corn could be ... Domestic ethanol production declined from an estimated 13.796 billion gallons during the 2011-12 corn marketing year to an ... "On the surface, the reasons for the year-over-year decline in ethanol production and corn use in the 2012-13 marketing year are ...
Nebraska researchers studying intensified corn management systems believe its possible to increase corn production by 50 ... If the researchers can learn how to intensify corn production, total production could increase by about 50 percent, without ... Nebraska researchers studying intensified corn management systems believe its possible to increase corn production by 50 ... Other corn producers began to organize efforts to build ethanol plants with the intent of using up some of the local surplus. ...
USDA lowers corn production forecast On Sept. 12, the USDA released its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, ... lowing its corn production forecast to 15.093 billion bushels, down 61 million from the previous month. READ MORE SHARE ... The ethanol industry is celebrating the ability of fuel retail stations to again offer E15 to customers for use in all 2001 and ... EPA grants Pacific Ethanol pathway approval for Edeniq technology. Edeniq Inc. has announced the U.S. EPA has approved a ...
Stable non-corn ethanol production costs. There are a variety of costs other than corn associated with corn-ethanol production ... Ethanol Ethanol - Industry Analysis Ethanol - Prices, Trends and Markets Ethanol - Profitability Ethanol - Co-Products Ethanol ... This has resulted in changes in the relative importance of corn cost versus non-corn costs in corn-ethanol production.. In 2007 ... of corn per gallon of ethanol was below ethanol price by the amount needed to cover the non-corn cost of ethanol production not ...
BiofuelsBushelStoverBiomassMake produciBushelsBurgeoning Ethanol plantsPlantsGallons of ethanol a yearNeeded to make ethanol2018YieldMandateUSDAFuel ethanol productionCropsSugarcanePacific EthanolDemand for ethanolGallon of ethanol20192017Viable2020FarmersDistillers Dried Grains with SoTraditional corn-based ethanolDDGSEconomics of corn ethanolStalksSugar caneSoybeanNational Corn Growers AssociationCellulosic ethanol productionProducesLivestockAmerican Coalition for EthanolGrainRate of ethanol productionSignificantlyIndustryBiodieselCarbon dioxideExportsProducersWeekly ethanol productionMillion barrelsRefineries
- Wildlife habitat near corn-ethanol refineries has been destroyed at a fast pace since a federal law was passed to produce more biofuels. (theuptake.org)
- While this story was in the news, our USDA, under the direction of our Iowa Secretary of Agriculture, sent a team of biofuels representatives and industry leaders to Asia and India where they touted how many greenhouse emissions can be saved, and how much the air quality can be improved if only their populous developing nations would import our corn ethanol and burn it there. (blogspot.com)
- Domestic ethanol consumption will be influenced by biofuels policy and by ethanol prices. (keycoop.com)
- Japan recently filed an annual biofuels report with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service's Global Agricultural Information Network that highlights the country's ethanol use and production. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The first-generation biofuels - ethanol from sugar or corn and biodiesel from vegetable oils - are already on the market. (cambridge.org)
- The goal of this book is to introduce readers to second-generation biofuels obtained from non-food biomass, such as forest residue, agricultural residue, switch grass, corn stover, waste wood, municipal solid wastes, and so on. (cambridge.org)
- As oil is a fast depleting resource (BP, 2010), much is expected by the production of biofuels as valid options to replace fossil-oil transportation. (aiche.org)
- It calls on the country to use, by 2022, an additional 21 billion gallons a year of ethanol or other biofuels produced by unlocking the energy contained in such biological materials as straw, tree trimmings, corn stubble and even garbage, material known collectively as biomass. (nytimes.com)
- If it seems like you've read a variation of the above headline before you're not wrong, and as much as anything it's a sign of the rock road cellulosic ethanol and biofuels in general have had in the past few years. (treehugger.com)
- Encouraged by legislative measures, including notably the 2007 Energy Security and Independence Act, which mandated the use of 36 billion gallons, or 136 billion liters, of biofuels annually by 2022, the U.S. ethanol industry has boomed in the last few years. (nytimes.com)
- Additionally, the food-versus-fuel debate has spurred significant research and development of second-generation biofuels like cellulosic ethanol that do not use food crops. (wired.com)
- To help meet the rapidly growing demand for biofuels, scientists and policy makers envision that a variety of agricultural, municipal, and forest-derived feedstocks will be used to produce "second-generation" biofuels, whereby carbon-rich materials are either fermented to produce ethanol or combusted under oxygen-limiting conditions to produce "syngas" (which can be used to produce a variety of biofuels or chemicals). (aocs.org)
- For example, some of the main challenges for production and use of biofuels are that current agricultural practices simply cannot deliver sufficient amounts at low-enough prices to meet the massive demand. (aocs.org)
- Biofuels, most notably corn-based ethanol, have grown significantly in the past few years as a component of U.S. motor fuel supply. (worldcat.org)
- CO 2 with a biomass origin is not only released from biomass fuelled power plants, but also during the production of pulp used to make paper and in the production of biofuels such as biogas and bioethanol . (wikipedia.org)
- The International Institute for Sustainable Development was not so diplomatic, and estimates that the CO2 and climate benefits from replacing petroleum fuels with biofuels like ethanol are basically zero ( IISD ). (forbes.com)
- Enogen corn enables growers to serve as enzyme suppliers to their local ethanol plants and offers the potential to earn a per-bushel premium for grain delivered to the ethanol plant. (syngenta-us.com)
- Enogen corn is expected to generate approximately $28.5 million of additional revenue for local growers in 2018 through per-bushel premiums. (syngenta-us.com)
- When added to the difference of 285 million bushels of corn represented by the change in the ethanol trade balance, the total is very close to the 352-million-bushel decline in the USDA estimate of corn use for the two years. (keycoop.com)
- The yield of DDGS has remained constant in the analysis over this time period at 17 pounds of DDGS per bushel of corn. (agmrc.org)
- Efficiencies in ethanol processing, although producing more ethanol per bushel of processed corn, result in less co-products and therefore less offset of corn acreage. (biomedcentral.com)
- Drought-inflicted damage to the corn crop has driven up corn prices - now about $8 a bushel - and squeezed ethanol margins to the vanishing point, say agricultural economists and industry experts. (csmonitor.com)
- The company has done a significant amount of competitive industry research through which they've found that traditional corn based ethanol costs between $1.35 and $1.55 a gallon to produce depending on the cost of a bushel of corn. (altenergymag.com)
- The magnitude of an adjustment at current production rates indicates a 10-15 million bushel drop for the current marketing year. (farms.com)
- The gallons of ethanol yielded per bushel of corn has also increased by about 50 percent. (wired.com)
- Specifically, a bushel of corn used for ethanol produces 1.5 pounds of corn oil, 17.5 pounds of high-protein feed called DDGS, 2.6 pounds of corn meal and 31.5 pounds of starch. (wired.com)
- Corn hit a record high of $6.47 a bushel on futures markets this year, having traded at about $2.20 two years ago. (cnbc.com)
- 5 Assumes 2.73 gallons of absolute ethanol per bushel of corn for current dry grind production and 2.50 gallons of absolute ethanol per bushel of corn for current wet mill production. (agbioforum.org)
- One bushel of corn can produce 2.8 gallons of ethanol, 17.5 lbs of livestock feed and 18 lbs of carbon dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
- Since mid-June, corn futures prices have rallied from $2.20 a bushel for the July contract to close at $2.62 for the September contract on the Chicago Board of Trade, an 18 percent increase. (chicagotribune.com)
- For ethanol producers to be affected, corn cash prices would have to reach $3.50 a bushel or higher. (chicagotribune.com)
- On average, one bushel of corn can be used to produce just under three gallons of ethanol. (forbes.com)
- For every bushel of corn that is used to produce ethanol, one third of that bushel comes back as distillers grains, a valuable and high protein livestock feed. (ncga.com)
- Corn stover is the biomass remaining after harvesting the grain and is the most abundant agricultural residue in the United States, with an estimated 170-256 million tons available annually. (osu.edu)
- This fact sheet discusses research on the effectiveness of using a white-rot fungus to pretreat three different corn stover fractions: leaves, stalks and cobs. (osu.edu)
- corn stover) has a high carbohydrate content, conversion of this material to ethanol requires pretreatment due to its complex structure. (osu.edu)
- Corn stover is comprised of 35-40% cellulose, 20-25% hemicellulose, and 15-20% lignin. (osu.edu)
- Fungal pretreatment of corn stover has the potential to be a cost-effective and environmentally friendly method for reducing recalcitrance of biomass for enzymatic hydrolysis. (osu.edu)
- The structure and composition of corn stover varies considerably throughout the growing season and between various fractions of the plant. (osu.edu)
- In this study, three corn stover fractions (leaves, stalks and cobs) were pretreated separately with a white-rot fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora . (osu.edu)
- Degradation of lignin in corn stover fractions. (osu.edu)
- Degradation of cellulose in corn stover fractions. (osu.edu)
- To understand how C. subvermispora acted on different corn stover fractions, the activity levels of three different lignin-degrading enzymes (lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and laccase) that are typically secreted by white-rot fungi were measured. (osu.edu)
- Biochemical production of ethanol from corn stover : 2007 state of technology model / Andy Aden. (exlibrisgroup.com)
- In this study, the effect on overall ethanol yield of an enzymatic prehydrolysis prior to simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of steam pretreated corn stover was investigated. (lu.se)
- Competing cellulosic ethanol's using corn stover can cost as much as $4.00 a gallon, or more, to produce. (altenergymag.com)
- Rapid Biomass Analysis: New Tools for Compositional Analysis of Corn Stover Feedstocks and Process Intermediates from Ethanol Production. (worldcat.org)
- Dilute-Sulfuric Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover in Pilot-Scale Reactor: Investigation of Yields, Kinetics, and Enzymatic Digestibilities of Solids. (worldcat.org)
- Additional, albeit limited, upsides exist for ethanol production from corn if a commercially viable means of processing corn stover to ethanol can be demonstrated ( Table 2 ). (agbioforum.org)
- Cellulosic ethanol production currently exists at "pilot" and "commercial demonstration" scale, including a plant in China engineered by SunOpta Inc. and owned and operated by China Resources Alcohol Corporation that is currently producing cellulosic ethanol from corn stover (stalks and leaves) on a continuous, 24-hour-per-day basis. (wikipedia.org)
- Ethanol produced from biomass, such as corn grain or sugar cane, is a renewable fuel that helps lessen dependence on petroleum-based fossil fuels. (osu.edu)
- Unlike corn grain, the carbohydrates in lignocellulosic biomass are not readily available for ethanol production, so pretreatment is required. (osu.edu)
- The addition of enzymes is essential in the biochemical conversion of starchy and lignocellulosic biomass into fuel ethanol. (springer.com)
- Cellulosic biomass like wood, agricultural residue and herbaceous material is a huge, cheap natural resource that can be used for ethanol production. (lu.se)
- Production of anti-streptococcal liamocins from agricultural biomass by Aureobasidium pullulans. (usda.gov)
- The use of activated sludge microflora to convert sugars, derived from the hydrolysis of lignocellulose biomass, into lipids for biofuel production. (aiche.org)
- Hydrothermal Pretreatment Conditions to Enhance Ethanol Production from Poplar Biomass. (worldcat.org)
- One such viable option is the production of alcohol as fuel from biomass. (buzzle.com)
- Oil in biomass: a step-change for bioenergy production? (aocs.org)
- The harvested biomass could then be used for the recovery of both the oil for biodiesel and the cellulosic residues for ethanol production. (aocs.org)
- At that time, USDA's forecast for 2017/18 corn use for ethanol and co-products was equal to 5.525 billion bushels. (agmrc.org)
- In the latest WASDE report (March 2018), USDA increased the volume expected to be used in ethanol production during the 2017/18 marketing year by 50 million bushels to 5.575. (agmrc.org)
- In the monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report (WASDE) released on Nov. 8, the USDA's World Agricultural Outlook Board estimated that 4.648 billion bushels of corn were used to produce ethanol and co-products during the 2012-13 marketing year. (keycoop.com)
- The difference of 793 million gallons in the trade balance between the two years represents about 285 million bushels of corn. (keycoop.com)
- An estimated 22 million bushels of corn then were used as a result of the buildup in inventories. (keycoop.com)
- The drawdown in stocks replaced about 37 million bushels of corn to produce ethanol. (keycoop.com)
- The difference in ethanol stock changes during the two marketing years represented about 59 million bushels of corn. (keycoop.com)
- For the current marketing year, the USDA projects corn used for ethanol and co-product production at 4.9 billion bushels. (keycoop.com)
- On Sept. 12, the USDA released its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, lowing its corn production forecast to 15.093 billion bushels, down 61 million from the previous month. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The USDA recently released its December Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production report, announcing 470 million bushels of corn was consumed for fuel alcohol production in October, up 6 percent from September and up 3 percent from October 2016. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Total consumption of corn during the second quarter of the year totaled 3.538 billion bushels, 328 million more than was consumed a year ago. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- It appears that feed and residual use of corn during the first half of the marketing year totaled 3.606 billion bushels, nearly 7 percent more than during the first half of the previous year. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- Corn exports during March were about 10 million bushels less than exports a year earlier, but new export sales during March were 70 million bushels larger than in March 2010. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), of the 12.360 billion bushels of corn grain harvested in 2011, more than 40% (5.007 billion bushels) was processed to produce ethanol while 37% went to livestock feed, 11% to food and industrial uses, and 12% was exported (Figure 1 )[ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- USDA dropped corn use for ethanol in the July WASDE report by 50 million bushels for this marketing year, down to 4.95 billion bushels. (farms.com)
- Through July 10, if the corn conversion rate seen in recent months extended into July, corn used for ethanol sits near 4.14 billion bushels. (farms.com)
- Over the remainder of the marketing year, the USDA estimate requires an additional 706 million bushels of corn use. (farms.com)
- At present, the USDA forecasts corn use for ethanol at 5.2 billion bushels in 2020-21. (farms.com)
- Corn use for ethanol for the 2020-21 marketing year under recent conversion rates comes in near 5.1 billion bushels under EIA assumptions, 100 million bushels lower than the current USDA forecast. (farms.com)
- First, corn production efficiency has increased dramatically: Producers now grow 160 bushels per acre today versus the 95 grown in 1980, and corn yield continues to increase. (wired.com)
- On the co-products side, ethanol producers were using 13.510 million bushels of corn to produce ethanol and 99,438 metric tons of livestock feed, 88,650 metric tons of which were distillers grains. (ilcorn.org)
- Corn-grain-based ethanol has the real and viable potential of producing 15 billion gallons of ethanol by 2015, leaving a net of 12.3 billion bushels of corn available for feed, food, and export markets. (agbioforum.org)
- By 2015 the US corn market can be expected to support 15B gallons of ethanol from corn grain, utilizing less than a quarter of overall US corn production and leaving a net of 12.3 billion bushels (B bu) of corn available for feed, food, and export markets-up 3.0B bu from 2006 and 0.9B bu from 2007. (agbioforum.org)
- The total production of corn in the US for the year 2013-14 is reported to be 13.016 billion bushels of which the major use is for manufacture of ethanol and its co-product (Distillers' Dried Grains with Solubles) accounting for 37% (27% + 10%) or 4,845 million bushels (3,552 + 1,293). (wikipedia.org)
- The final estimate of corn production for the years 1950 to 1959 in the United States is given as some three billion bushels and in recent years, some nine billion bushels are produced each year. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2011, the national average production was 147 bushels per acre, and reported to be 20 bushels per acre more than the yield in 2002. (wikipedia.org)
- Based on a national contest in 2011 when an average of 300 bushels per acre was achieved others are sure to follow suit which result in a yield of 300 bushels per acre by 2030 from the same extent land holdings under corn. (wikipedia.org)
- More than a billion bushels of corn are diverted to ethanol production each year. (popularmechanics.com)
- The U.S. still is looking to produce a corn crop just slightly less than 9 billion bushels, which still ranks as one of the larger crops in the past several decades. (chicagotribune.com)
- Currently, 900 million bushels of corn are used for ethanol, roughly 10 percent of the U.S. crop, he said. (chicagotribune.com)
- In 2013 the U.S. used 4.7 billion bushels of corn (40% of the harvest) to produce over 13 billion gallons of ethanol fuel. (forbes.com)
- In 2014, the U.S. will use almost 5 billion bushels of corn to produce over 13 billion gallons of ethanol fuel. (forbes.com)
- A new study says within a 100-mile radius of ethanol plants, 4 million acres across the U.S. have been converted to agricultural use in the four years after passing the Renewable Fuel Standard. (theuptake.org)
- Well, at that national level, you really can't see the concentrated pockets of conversion that we show are happening around ethanol plants," he points out. (theuptake.org)
- Enogen ® is a win for corn growers, ethanol plants and rural communities. (syngenta-us.com)
- Syngenta has licensed growers to produce Enogen grain to support a growing number of ethanol plants, representing approximately 3 billion gallons of ethanol capacity, with plans to continue expanding the footprint for this game-changing innovation. (syngenta-us.com)
- With the completion of this 2-year initiative, all four of the western Pacific Ethanol plants are now producing corn oil. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Corn grain is approximately two-thirds starch, which dry mill plants convert into ethanol and carbon dioxide. (agmrc.org)
- Wet distillers grains are more perishable co-products than dried distillers grains, therefore mainly are delivered to livestock operations located near ethanol plants. (agmrc.org)
- In the 2016/17 marketing year, U.S. ethanol plants produced a new record of 41.01 million tons of DDGS, up 4 percent from the 2015/16 marketing year (39.35 million tons) (see Figure 2). (agmrc.org)
- Based on data published by USDA-ERS on March 2018, U.S. ethanol plants are expected to produce 41.56 million tons of DDGS in the 2017/18 marketing year, up 1.3 percent from the previous marketing year (see Figure 2). (agmrc.org)
- Another important co-product from dry mill plants is corn distillers oil (CDO). (agmrc.org)
- Dry-milling plants cost less to build and produce higher yields of ethanol, but the value of co-products is less. (sciencenewsarticles.org)
- Most of the ethanol plants in the U.S. utilize a dry-milling process. (sciencenewsarticles.org)
- Much has been made of the recent surge in domestic ethanol production and the re-opening of some ethanol plants," Good said. (keycoop.com)
- Other corn producers began to organize efforts to build ethanol plants with the intent of using up some of the local surplus. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Massive flooding in the Midwest has knocked out roughly 13 percent of the nation's ethanol production capacity, as plants in Nebraska, Iowa and South Dakota have been forced to shut down or scale back production. (autoblog.com)
- The U.S. has some 200 ethanol plants capable of producing 1.06 million barrels per day, and about 100,000 to 140,000 barrels per day of capacity has been taken offline due to the floods, according to three traders who track operations. (autoblog.com)
- Ethanol plants use rail cars to deliver products to the Gulf Coast, East Coast and West Coast markets. (autoblog.com)
- Fourteen plants in the Poet network have now installed Poet's patent-pending corn oil technology, bringing total annual production capacity to approximately 235 million pounds per year, enough to provide feedstock for approximately 31 million gallons of biodiesel. (biodieselmagazine.com)
- Poet has been selling Voilà, a trademarked corn oil product, into biodiesel and feed markets since January 2011, and strong demand for the product has prompted plans to upgrade the majority of the plants in the Poet network. (biodieselmagazine.com)
- There's a lot of doubt as to whether enough cropland actually exists, especially if a lot of the biofuel must actually be used to power the production plants. (theregister.co.uk)
- As corn prices soar amid deepening drought, ethanol plants watch their margins evaporate. (csmonitor.com)
- Dried corn plants stand in a field near Mead, Neb. (csmonitor.com)
- As a result, many ethanol plants have cut production. (csmonitor.com)
- The price of corn got so high and the price of ethanol didn't rise fast enough, that these plants were losing money on every gallon of ethanol we made," says Bill Day , a spokesman for Valero Energy Corp. Valero, a petroleum refining company based in San Antonio , Texas , has closed two of its 10 ethanol plants, including the one in Linden. (csmonitor.com)
- With 211 plants in 27 states, the ethanol industry produced 13.9 billion gallons in 2011. (csmonitor.com)
- Last year ethanol plants were spending millions of dollars to expand plants, make improvements, and invest in allied businesses, like fish and shrimp farms, which use some of the byproducts of the ethanol-making process, says Todd Sneller, administrator for the Nebraska Ethanol Board, a public agency that promotes ethanol. (csmonitor.com)
- Now, plants in Nebraska , the second largest ethanol-producing state, have cut production between 20 and 30 percent, says Mr. Sneller, and the Ethanol Board is getting calls from investors looking for "distressed" plants to buy. (csmonitor.com)
- An enzyme from a microbe that lives inside a cow's stomach is the key to turning corn plants into fuel, according to Michigan State University scientists. (redorbit.com)
- MSU scientists have discovered a way to grow corn plants that contain this enzyme. (redorbit.com)
- Traditionally in the commercial biofuel industry, only the kernels of corn plants could be used to make ethanol, but this new discovery will allow the entire corn plant to be used "" so more fuel can be produced with less cost. (redorbit.com)
- Three sites in the United States, Canada, and Germany have been proposed for the new plant, which will produce about 200 million liters a year - a capacity similar to that of the largest existing ethanol plants - and should be operational by 2007, says Jeff Passmore, executive vice president of Iogen. (technologyreview.com)
- In 2005/06, operational dry mill corn ethanol plants had a net profit of $1.56 per gallon with a volume large enough to pay off the initial plant construction cost in two years. (yahoo.com)
- The legislation set off a frenzied buildup of ethanol plants across the Midwest, with the number of distilleries increasing to 134 today from 81 in January 2005, according to the Renewable Fuels Association. (nytimes.com)
- Higher natural gas prices amid some of the coldest temperatures in the Midwest in years have raised costs for ethanol makers who use it to operate their plants. (reuters.com)
- Bitterly cold temperatures were forecast to return early next week in the Midwest region where most U.S. ethanol plants are located, after a brief warmup this week, according to the Commodity Weather Group. (reuters.com)
- There are now at least 200 ethanol plants in at least 27 states, almost all using corn as a feedstock. (nytimes.com)
- As ethanol plants have sprouted, mostly in the midwestern Corn Belt, environmental effects have followed. (nytimes.com)
- An analysis by Perry Beeman, a reporter for The Des Moines Register in Iowa, found 394 violations of environmental regulations by ethanol processing plants in that state between 2001 and 2007. (nytimes.com)
- All them Midwestern Ethanol, and Biodiesel plants are just killing the poor ol' Colyradoe, eh? (wattsupwiththat.com)
- Cellulosic ethanol is made from the 'woody' structural material in plants that is unusable by humans. (wired.com)
- Two methods are used to produce ethanol from corn and other plants such as sugar cane. (wikipedia.org)
- The plant also produces 13,000 metric tons of lignin pellets per year, used as fuel at combined-heat-and-power plants, and 11,100 metric tons of C5 molasses which is currently used for biomethane production via anaerobic digestion, and has been tested as a high carbohydrate animal feed supplement and potential bio-based feedstock for production of numerous commodity chemicals including diols, glycols, organic acids, and biopolymer precursors and intermediates. (wikipedia.org)
- which produces about 24 million gallons of ethanol a year. (autoblog.com)
- Producing about seven billion gallons of ethanol a year from corn has reshaped agricultural markets and sent corn prices soaring. (nytimes.com)
- Currently, the nation uses 2 billion gallons of ethanol a year, but the energy bill Congress soon will consider is expected to mandate 5 billion gallons by 2012. (chicagotribune.com)
- The March 2018 DDGS production projection (41.56 million tons) for 2017/18 is based on estimates contained in the USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) for the prior month, which in this case is the February 2018 WASDE publication. (agmrc.org)
- The increase in corn use for ethanol was based on the March 2018 data from the USDA-NASS's Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production report and the pace of weekly ethanol production during February as reported by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). (agmrc.org)
- Revenues were $45.0 million for the second quarter of 2018 compared to $40.8 million for the second quarter of 2017, driven by an increase in ethanol sales volumes from 15.6 million gallons to 16.4 million gallons and by stronger wet distillers grain and glycerin demand and pricing. (altenergystocks.com)
- Last week ethanol producer Green Plains (GPRE: Nasdaq) reported financial results for the quarter ending June 2018. (altenergystocks.com)
- A report filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service's Global Agricultural Information Network expects bioethanol production in the European Union to increase in 2017 and 2018, despite a decline in bioethanol consumption since 2011. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The 2018 ICGA annual report highlights a myriad of positive action on behalf of corn farmers in Illinois. (ilcorn.org)
- 2009 ) and ethanol yield by liberating free amino acids for the yeast (Perez-Carrillo et al. (springer.com)
- Ethanol yield from treated CS was more than three times as compared to untreated CS. (deepdyve.com)
- If the researchers can learn how to intensify corn production, total production could increase by about 50 percent, without using more land and without factoring in yield gains from the modern genetic manipulation of corn germplasm. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Every single farm is going to be specific based on analysis of the long-term climate data, which determines the optimal planting date and maturity level for the corn hybrid that gives the highest probability of maximum yield potential," he says. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Because of the constant yield and the high correlation between of DDGS revenue and corn cost, it means that the prices of DDGS and corn are also highly correlated. (agmrc.org)
- by Jim Lane Three big product announcements just in… DSM (e) breaks through on yield, efficiency with new yeast, enzyme offerings for corn fiber conversion. (altenergystocks.com)
- The research aims to create a product that protects and maximizes corn yield, according to Evogene. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The prehydrolysis was, under the conditions evaluated, found to have no or negative effect on the overall ethanol yield. (lu.se)
- Longer prehydrolysis time resulted in a larger decrease in overall ethanol yield than shorter prehydrolysis. (lu.se)
- This concentration corresponded to 80.2% overall ethanol yield based on the glucose content in the raw material. (lu.se)
- By 2026, land area attributed to corn ethanol production is reduced to 11% to 19% depending on the corn grain yield level associated with the four corn production scenarios, considering oil replacement associated with the soybean meal substituted in livestock diets with distillers dried grains with solubles. (biomedcentral.com)
- Miscanthus, a perennial grass, is an attractive biofuel feedstock compared with corn and poplar due to its high energy yield per hectare and low. (aiche.org)
- A return to a more balanced year-over-year increase in ethanol production capacity, matched with technology adoption and paralleling corn-grain yield increases, is critical to achieve these goals and to eliminate the 2008 supply/demand imbalance. (agbioforum.org)
- They found that switchgrass ethanol can deliver around 540 percent of the energy used to produce it, as opposed to corn ethanol which can only yield around 124 percent. (survivalblog.com)
- Moreover, ethanol is now a huge component of global energy supplies and the suspension of the mandate could push up oil prices. (cnn.com)
- Tom Vilsack, US agriculture secretary, raised doubts about the impact of waiving the ethanol mandate, arguing that the US biofuel industry had reduced petrol prices and created jobs. (cnn.com)
- A coalition of beef, pork, chicken and dairy producers petitioned the US Environmental Protection Agency last month to waive the ethanol mandate in response to rising corn prices. (cnn.com)
- July 30 (Reuters) - The debate over using crops for fuel burst back onto the political stage on Monday as U.S. ranchers and poultry producers sought "a little help" from the government by waiving its ethanol mandate in the face of a dire drought. (reuters.com)
- Their lobby groups banded together on Monday to seek a first-ever waiver from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for a one-year reduction or suspension in the U.S. ethanol mandate, which in essence requires that more than a third of the U.S. corn harvest be used for motor fuel. (reuters.com)
- The difficulties for the ethanol industry also come as the federal ethanol mandate falls under increased attack. (csmonitor.com)
- Livestock farmers and the meat industry want the US Environmental Protection Agency to suspend the mandate, arguing that it is driving up the price of corn and squeezing ranchers and other farmers who buy corn to feed their chickens, pigs, and beef cattle. (csmonitor.com)
- Agricultural economists say that suspending the mandate may not make much of a difference in either ethanol production or the price of corn. (csmonitor.com)
- Indeed, last year's production exceeded the mandate. (csmonitor.com)
- An ethanol production mandate could be in conflict with efforts to reduce the Gulf Coast dead zone. (treehugger.com)
- When corn prices soared in 2008, Gov. Rick Perry of Texas requested that the EPA waive 50% of the mandate for the production of corn ethanol. (globalwarming.org)
- An ethanol mandate that causes little economic harm when unemployment rates are low, corn production is high, and China's demand for U.S. corn imports is low could inflict severe harm when the opposite conditions obtain - as they do today. (globalwarming.org)
- Data from the USDA-NASS indicates CDO production has increased consistently since the 2014/15 marketing year (see Figure 4). (agmrc.org)
- The USDA recently released the August edition of its Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production report, announcing fuel ethanol production in June was up when compared to the same month of last year. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Ethanol is made at present from food crops, like corn. (theregister.co.uk)
- The new legislation would oblige farmers to grow new crops in new ways, automobile companies to produce more vehicles capable of running on a high-ethanol blend, and the oil industry to retrofit its refining and distribution networks to deliver the new fuel. (nytimes.com)
- The first large-scale commercial operation to produce cellulosic ethanol (the kind of ethanol made not from corn or other grown crops, but from organic waste) in the US just got major backing from the oil industry, and will be online in 2013. (treehugger.com)
- Unlike food crops, ethanol crops and cellulosic ethanol crops can grow in any soil that will sustain grass . (wired.com)
- Researchers, including Argonne, are investigating using marginal land to grow ethanol crops. (wired.com)
- As farmers divert crops to the production of ethanol and biodiesel, food prices rise. (cnbc.com)
- Once the suitability of land in the central part of the country, the Midwestern United States, was scientifically established as fertile and rich by Lewis and Clark, settlers moved to the area in large numbers and started growing large corn crops, reaping large benefits. (wikipedia.org)
- The growing season continues to rapidly advance toward what might be record-yielding corn and soybean crops. (agriculture.com)
- In Brazil, SJC Bioenergia has purchased FQPT's technologies to integrate corn ethanol production into its sugarcane-ethanol plant in Quirinopolis, Brazil. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Kidney failure is killing sugarcane workers in Central America who supply sugar for both our sweet tooth and demand for ethanol. (treehugger.com)
- In California, Pacific Ethanol has begun commercial production of corn oil utilizing Valicor's corn oil recovery system at its Columbia ethanol plant located in Boardman, Oregon. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- In May, Pacific Ethanol began commercial production of corn oil utilizing Valicor's proprietary VFRAC corn oil recovery system at its Madera, California plant. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Edeniq Inc. has announced the U.S. EPA has approved a cellulosic fuel pathway for Pacific Ethanol Inc.'s Stockton, California, plant using Edeniq's Pathway Technology, allowing the facility to generate D3 cellulosic renewable identification numbers. (ethanolproducer.com)
- On Aug. 3, Pacific Ethanol Inc. released second quarter financial results, providing an update of plant improvement projects and reporting improving market conditions and margins moving into the third quarter. (ethanolproducer.com)
- So, as the price of corn has increased substantially since 2007 (due primarily to the increase in demand for ethanol production), the price of DDGS has also increased, thereby substantially increasing DDGS revenue. (agmrc.org)
- citation needed] On account of great demand for ethanol corn is fetching higher prices. (wikipedia.org)
- Since 2007 non-corn cost has declined from 70 cents to 60 cents per gallon of ethanol, although costs spiked to over 80 cents during a portion of 2008/09. (agmrc.org)
- As shown in Figure 5, DDGS revenue doubled from 40 cents to 80 cents per gallon of ethanol. (agmrc.org)
- The range was even larger from a low of less than 30 cents to a peak of 90 cents per gallon of ethanol. (agmrc.org)
- Figure 6 shows the relationship between ethanol selling price and the breakeven purchase price of corn (corn price expressed in dollars per gallon of ethanol). (agmrc.org)
- In 2007 the breakeven price of corn per gallon of ethanol was below ethanol price by the amount needed to cover the non-corn cost of ethanol production not offset by DDGS revenue. (agmrc.org)
- In addition, the calculator will also tell farmers how many gallons of irrigation water they will need for each gallon of ethanol produced from the corn they grow. (bio-medicine.org)
- In Chicago, Archer Daniels Midland Company reported their financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, but most interesting to us, they are looking at separating their ethanol business with the option of spinning it off completely. (altenergystocks.com)
- The 2019 proposed US Renewable Fuel Standard proposed volumes attracted a major raspberry from the ethanol industry. (altenergystocks.com)
- After initial lower production levels on par with current totals, a gradual recovery brings production near one million barrels per day (up from 710 thousand barrels in 2020 and down from 1.05 million barrels in 2019) through the second quarter of 2021. (farms.com)
- Data for the first four months of the 2017/18 marketing year indicates ethanol production climbed 2.8 percent to 5.37 billion gallons compared with the same period in the previous marketing year (5.23 billion gallons) (see Figure 1). (agmrc.org)
- DDGS production data for the first four months (September to December 2017) of the 2017/18 marketing year indicates a 7 percent increase to 7.78 million tons relative to the same period in 2016/17 (7.24 million tons). (agmrc.org)
- Production of DDGS during the first four months of the 2017/18 marketing year was about 18.7 percent of the forecasted DDGS 2017/18 production. (agmrc.org)
- Over 80 percent of DDGS production is expected during the remaining eight months of the 2017/18 marketing year. (agmrc.org)
- With this new corn usage forecast, distillers grains production is expected to increase slightly in 2017/18 from the previous forecast for the current marketing year. (agmrc.org)
- This will be Brazil's first corn-only ethanol plant and will be operational in mid-2017. (blogspot.com)
- The American Coalition for Ethanol announces and congratulates the 2017 scholarship winners: Carrie Kemmet, Hailea DeJong and Keithen Drury. (ethanolproducer.com)
- By R. Viswanathan (*) - India should take its cue from Brazil and invest in ethanol as a viable commercial substitute for costly petrol. (mercopress.com)
- Unlike the speculation that exists in quantifying what is commercially viable with cellulosic ethanol, this projection is near term and based on a progression of technical results that have already been commercially demonstrated and thus have a high degree of certainty-a 2015 "expected base case" ( Table 1 ). (agbioforum.org)
- Switchgrass does seem more viable for ethanol production than corn, because of it his high EROEI ratio. (survivalblog.com)
- Fifteen states already have banned MTBE, and the only viable oxygenate that could be used in its place would be ethanol," Wiese said. (chicagotribune.com)
- As per the RNCOS report "Biofuel Market Worldwide (2006)", Growing at a rate of more than 6.5% since 2006, the global Ethanol market will exceed 1,20,000 Million Liter mark by year-end 2020. (altenergymag.com)
- Additional potential exists to demonstrate the ability to economically produce more than 20B gallons of ethanol from corn grain by 2020 with an incremental 3.5B bu of corn available for food, feed, and export use relative to 2006 production-a 2020 "potential case. (agbioforum.org)
- Enogen corn helps support the U.S. ethanol industry, a critically important sector to American farmers, rural communities and the nation. (syngenta-us.com)
- Several recent developments have stimulated farmers' interest in raising corn for ethanol production in northwestern North Dakota. (umn.edu)
- The purpose of this study is to estimate the corn supply response of western North Dakota farmers for ethanol production. (umn.edu)
- The US government is ending a three-decade-old policy of subsidizing corn ethanol, but it appears that the loss of the 6 billion dollars annual benefit will have little impact on farmers. (mercopress.com)
- Corn farmers are still digging out from the flooding, and some have already determined some of their supplies are unsuitable. (autoblog.com)
- Currently, farmers have little use for the stripped-down corn cobs. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Concern over the ramifications of the drought is growing as it becomes apparent that the corn harvest may be more than a quarter smaller than initially estimated this spring, when farmers raced to plant a near-record number of acres. (reuters.com)
- We've force fed a fuel into every American's car that benefits a few thousand corn farmers and ethanol refiners at the expense of virtually every other American,' says Scott Faber. (slashdot.org)
- Local farmers had first choice to invest in corn ethanol refineries. (yahoo.com)
- Last year U.S. farmers planted 90 million acres of corn: The greatest amount in the last 60 years. (treehugger.com)
- As the growth of corn has spread to extensive production in 14 states (though it is grown to a lesser extent in all the other US states), a coalition of farmers associations in all these states has been established. (wikipedia.org)
- This association is known as the Corn Farmers Coalition, which is a union of the National Corn Growers Association and 14 state corn associations (including Iowa Corn). (wikipedia.org)
- Through the NASCAR American Ethanol initiative, more than $8 million worth of positive messages about ethanol and farmers have reached the sports fan base of more than 80 million to date. (ncga.com)
- Among all co-products, distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is the main co-product of corn ethanol production. (agmrc.org)
- Changes in the corn-ethanol cost structure, along with the rapid increase in the revenue generated from the sale of distillers dried grains with solubles, have changed the relationship between ethanol sale price and the breakeven corn purchase price for profitable corn-ethanol production. (agmrc.org)
- Distillers dried grains with solubles production reached 1.96 million tons, up from 1.85 million tons in September and 1.93 million tons in October 2016. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Seven scenarios are evaluated: four considering the impact of technological advances on corn grain production, two focused on improved efficiencies in ethanol processing, and one reflecting greater use of ethanol co-products (that is, distillers dried grains with solubles) in diets for dairy cattle, pigs, and poultry. (biomedcentral.com)
- Shifting the use of distillers dried grains with solubles in feed to dairy cattle, pigs, and poultry substantially reduces land area attributed to corn ethanol production. (biomedcentral.com)
- The corn ethanol system produces significant quantities of co-products, including distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), corn gluten feed (CGF), and corn gluten meal (CGM). (biomedcentral.com)
- The plant, located in Emmitsburg, Iowa, where Poet already has a traditional corn-based ethanol refinery, is expected to produce 95 million litres per year once it starts commercial production in 2011. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Traditional corn-based ethanol is significantly more expensive than ethanol produced using Alliance Bio-Products' CTS process. (altenergymag.com)
- This increase in DDGS production reflects the 2.8 percent growth in ethanol production (5.37 billion gallons) during the same period (see Figures 1). (agmrc.org)
- DDGS revenue is closely tied to the cost of corn. (agmrc.org)
- Since 2007 the relationship between DDGS revenue and corn cost has remained relatively constant in a range of 25% to 30% (DDGS revenue being 25-30% of cost of corn). (agmrc.org)
- Although DDGS generates only a relatively small portion of the revenue from corn-ethanol production, its importance has increased since 2007. (agmrc.org)
- Also shown in Figure 5, DDGS has gone from offsetting roughly half of non-corn costs in 2007 to offsetting all non-corn cost during a portion of the 2011/12 period to generating a net return of 20 cents per gallon over non-corn costs currently. (agmrc.org)
- By 2011, the breakeven purchase price of corn was equal to the selling price of ethanol because DDGS revenue was sufficient to offset all of the non-corn costs. (agmrc.org)
- URBANA, Ill. - Dried distiller's grains with solubles (DDGS), a co-product from corn ethanol processing, is commonly used as feed for cattle, swine and poultry. (scienmag.com)
- Other sources for the cellulosic ethanol include wood waste, switchgrass and other corn "residue" besides the cob, such as the stalks. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Hot weather accompanying the lack of rain has turned corn stalks brown and many have grain ears half of normal size, if they have ears at all. (reuters.com)
- Image 2: Next Step in Biofuel, Spartan Corn III - The graphic illustrates the process in which corn is genetically modified to produce an enzyme that unlocks the sugars bound in plant leaves and stalks to make them available for ethanol production. (redorbit.com)
- Many scientists have been working on ways to turn everything from corn stalks to tires into ethanol , sidestepping some of the problems inherent to making fuel from corn and other food products . (popularmechanics.com)
- Brazil's government unveiled new financing and other incentives for sugar cane ethanol production, vowing to work closely with the private sector to boost production in an industry that has struggled recently despite its immense promise. (mercopress.com)
- As alternatives to petroleum-based energy sources are sought in the US, great attention has been given to renewable fuel sources from agriculturally produced biofeedstocks, for example, miscanthus, switchgrass, sugar cane, rapidly growing tree species, and corn. (biomedcentral.com)
- Wheat/Grains/Corn/Sugar-cane can be used to produce ethanol. (slideshare.net)
- On the one hand, the largest city in Iowa (Des Moines) cannot get decent drinking water for its population because it is contaminated with nitrates, but industrial corn and soybean producing groups are providing money to defend areas contributing to DesMoines nitrate pollution. (blogspot.com)
- A new study from University of Illinois examines the best way to recover phosphorus as a co-product, which can then potentially be used as fertilizer for corn and soybean production. (scienmag.com)
- These co-products substitute for corn grain and soybean meal in livestock feed, mitigating to some extent the trade-off between fuel and feed with corn grain channeled to ethanol production. (biomedcentral.com)
- As Chicago corn and soybean prices rallied back toward last week's record highs, the withering dry spell that has revived fears of a 2008-like spike in food prices showed no sign of relenting. (reuters.com)
- Dozens of government and business leaders turned out Friday for a ceremonial opening at Delaware's first commercial bio-fuels plant, a soybean oil-to-diesel factory in Clayton that could reach full production by January. (alternative-energy-news.info)
- As the fungi feeds on the sugar, it produces alcohol (ethanol) and carbon dioxide. (sciencenewsarticles.org)
- In addition to ethanol, the comapny produces quality products for animal feed including Dakota Gold distillers dried grains. (biodieselmagazine.com)
- Spartan Corn III, with the gene from a microbe in a cow, produces an enzyme that separates pairs of sugar molecules into simple sugars. (redorbit.com)
- To meet some of the higher ethanol production goals would require more corn than the United States currently produces, if all of the envisioned ethanol was made from corn. (worldcat.org)
- The upcoming wheat harvest may provide an opportunity for livestock producers to substitute more wheat for corn in the livestock ration. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- We model land usage attributed to corn ethanol production in the US to evaluate the effects of anticipated technological change in corn grain production, ethanol processing, and livestock feeding through a multi-disciplinary approach. (biomedcentral.com)
- The dispute over ethanol promotion pits states such as Iowa that benefit from higher corn prices -- and in some cases are swing states in the election -- against livestock-raising states such as Texas that are helped by lower corn prices. (cnn.com)
- The UN intervention will be seized upon by state governors, lawmakers and the meat and livestock industry, who have expressed alarm at surging prices for corn. (cnn.com)
- The nearby U.S. Meat Animal Research Center develops ways to increase livestock production. (britannica.com)
- In 2013, however, 40% went to produce ethanol, 45% was used to feed livestock, and only 15% was used for food and beverage ( AgMRC ). (forbes.com)
- Notably, ethanol is fueling livestock production in addition to NASCAR. (ncga.com)
- Currently, the majority of ethanol production in the United States utilizes corn grain, which supplied about 14 billion gallons of ethanol to the market in 2012. (osu.edu)
- Developed by Diversa and marketed by Valley Research, the new enzyme operates at high temperature and at a lower pH than other commercially available enzymes-a combination grain ethanol producers have been seeking for years. (greencarcongress.com)
- Very broadly, in this type of production, corn or starchy grain is ground into flour ("meal"), which is then slurried with water to form a mash. (greencarcongress.com)
- To support renewable fuels, Syngenta developed Enogen ® corn enzyme technology, an in-seed innovation that enhances ethanol production and delivers alpha amylase enzyme directly in the grain. (syngenta-us.com)
- The robust alpha amylase enzyme found in Enogen grain helps an ethanol plant significantly reduce the viscosity of its corn mash and eliminates the need to add a liquid form of the enzyme. (syngenta-us.com)
- The other third of the corn grain contains protein, fat, minerals, and ash, which ends up as distillers grains and other co-products. (agmrc.org)
- The USDA's March 1 Grain Stocks report revealed a surprisingly small inventory of corn, said a University of Illinois Extension agricultural economist. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- It currently costs roughly 13 to 21 $cents per litre more to make ethanol from corn cobs than from the grain, Poet says. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Although the system for producing yellow corn grain is well established in the US, its role among other biofeedstock alternatives to petroleum-based energy sources has to be balanced with its predominant purpose for food and feed as well as economics, land use, and environmental stewardship. (biomedcentral.com)
- Although 40.5% of corn grain was channeled to ethanol processing in 2011, only 25% of US corn acreage was attributable to ethanol when accounting for feed co-product utilization. (biomedcentral.com)
- The system for producing and processing of corn grain (that is, US No. 2 yellow corn) is well established in the US and corn grain has been used as a source of biofuel for decades. (biomedcentral.com)
- The use of corn grain among other biofeedstocks has to be balanced with its longtime predominant purpose for food and feed, and other issues such as economic impacts affecting global food prices, land use, and environmental effects. (biomedcentral.com)
- The Renewable Fuel Standard established a limit of 15 billion gallons for the use of corn grain for ethanol. (biomedcentral.com)
- With the incorporation of near-term technologies and increased corn production, corn-grain-based ethanol is also well poised to remain the lowest-cost ethanol production per gallon of any significant volume. (agbioforum.org)
- Corn grain to ethanol: Base case. (agbioforum.org)
- The grain required to fill a 25-gallon gas tank with ethanol can feed one person for a year, so the amount of corn used to make that 13 billion gallons of ethanol will not feed the almost 500 million people it was feeding in 2000. (forbes.com)
- Adding the biocatalyst to corn mash at 1 kg/T corn allowed to significantly improve ethanol production performances. (springer.com)
- In addition, the operating expenses (OPEX) are significantly lower as well because process is much more lean and cuts costs both in sugar extraction and overall ethanol production due to its ability to eliminate the need for pre-treatment, enzymes, liquid acids, applied heat, and pressures as well as many high energy drying and separating steps. (altenergymag.com)
- Put simply, ethanol policies have created significantly higher corn prices, tighter supplies, and increased volatility. (globalwarming.org)
- These technologies, despite decades of research and investment, remain at early stages of economic viability and will, near term, likely carry significantly higher production costs. (agbioforum.org)
- It was the ethanol refineries out on the periphery of the industry where we saw significant land-use change," he states. (theuptake.org)
- An industry source says that Butamax (BP/DuPont) is expected to have first production under way by the beginning of 2012. (ai-online.com)
- This technology could, therefore, be a relevant natural alternative to the use of GMO-derived enzymes in the ethanol industry. (springer.com)
- As corn prices continue to rise, what impact are ethanol subsidies having on the corn industry? (eenews.net)
- The ethanol industry is celebrating the ability of fuel retail stations to again offer E15 to customers for use in all 2001 and newer vehicles beginning Sept. 16. (ethanolproducer.com)
- While non-corn costs have remained relatively stable or declined since the beginning of the rapid growth of the corn-ethanol industry in 2007, the prices of ethanol and corn have risen dramatically. (agmrc.org)
- The disruption comes as the ethanol industry is in the midst of a historic downswing due to the ongoing trade conflict with China and sluggish domestic demand growth that has led to high inventories and weak margins. (autoblog.com)
- North Dakota's ethanol industry contributes $623.4 million to the economy annually, according to a report from the North Dakota State University Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Water for Energy and Fuel Production explores the many roles of water in the energy and fuel industry. (routledge.com)
- It's time to wean the ethanol industry, and let it stand on its own. (reuters.com)
- The ethanol industry has endured difficult times before. (csmonitor.com)
- In the corn wet milling & ethanol industry, you face unique challenges. (flowserve.com)
- A broad energy bill in 2005 took the ethanol industry from infancy to a coddled but uneasy adolescence. (nytimes.com)
- The new energy bill, if enacted as it stands, would convert the ethanol industry to full partnership with the oil and gas industry. (nytimes.com)
- SAN FRANCISCO - Scrambling to find a silver lining to the dark cloud of oil in the Gulf of Mexico, ethanol advocacy groups are pressing for more government support for the biofuel industry, with advertising campaigns targeted at lawmakers in Washington. (nytimes.com)
- According to Louisiana State University professor R. Eugene Turner growth in the Midwest corn-based biofuel industry may be the cause of a record-breaking "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico this summer. (treehugger.com)
- We hear a lot about ethanol, but rarely do we sit down and take a look at the numbers regarding the U.S. ethanol industry at the most basic level. (ilcorn.org)
- You won't want to miss this important feature on what's coming in the future of the American ethanol industry. (ilcorn.org)
- Hawkeye will be the third initial public offering in the ethanol industry to take a shot at the market this year, and it comes after months of lackluster performances by the first two. (wsj.com)
- When U.S. ethanol companies first started filing IPOs in March, it seemed like an industry whose time was ripe for raising capital from the public markets. (wsj.com)
- However, now that the tax credit and import tariffs have expired and ethanol is holding its own economically, it remains to be seen if the industry can stand up to this pressure. (forbes.com)
- In 2007, the global price of corn doubled as a result of an explosion in ethanol production in the U.S. Because corn is the most common animal feed and has many other uses in the food industry, the price of milk, cheese, eggs, meat, corn-based sweeteners and cereals increased as well. (forbes.com)
- CDO is used as a feedstock for biodiesel/renewable diesel production, or as a feed ingredient. (agmrc.org)
- Have we reached a new norm, where every Ag-commodity down cycle will result in increased lobbying to increase the percent of ethanol or biodiesel blended into liquid fuels across the globe? (blogspot.com)
- Per unit of energy gained, biodiesel from soy requires just 2 percent of the nitrogen and 8 percent of the phosphorous needed for corn ethanol," and the differentials in pesticide use are similar, the report said. (nytimes.com)
- Disadvantages and Concerns VII.Ethanol Controversy VIII.Comparison of Bioethanol and Biodiesel IX. (slideshare.net)
- Biodiesel production nationwide has grown from about 500,000 gallons in 1999 to an expected 245 million gallons this year. (alternative-energy-news.info)
- Both ethanol and biodiesel have adverse effects on the environment and on global market prices. (alternative-energy-news.info)
- Goldman Sachs recently cited jatropha as one of the best candidates for future biodiesel production. (cnbc.com)
- The dry-mill corn process as it is known uses large amounts of water, natural gas, and electricity and creates thousands of tons of carbon dioxide and residual fiber waste each day. (altenergymag.com)
- After the introductory lectures, we will examine the emerging field of sustainable energy, fuel and food production, emphasizing the importance of developing energy efficient and sustainable methods of production, and how these new technologies can contribute to replacing the diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, and reduce the consequences of carbon dioxide release into the environment. (coursera.org)
- The large positive trade of ethanol reflected, in part, reduced Brazilian ethanol production and exports stemming from smaller supplies and higher prices of sugar. (keycoop.com)
- Brazil is studying the removal of a 20% tariff on ethanol imports from the United States, Agriculture Minister Blairo Maggi said on Wednesday, in a decision that could depend on Washington lifting a ban on fresh beef exports from Brazil. (mercopress.com)
- Ethanol exports saw a drawback as the world locked down. (farms.com)
- Through May, ethanol exports sit behind last year's pace by 51 million gallons. (farms.com)
- If this pace continues through the end of August, ethanol exports will see a second consecutive year of declining totals from the peak of 1.632 billion gallons during the 2016-17 marketing year. (farms.com)
- The current pace places ethanol exports near 1.5 billion gallons for the marketing year. (farms.com)
- As a result, ethanol producers spend time and material managing the pH of the mash to optimize the different stages of the process. (greencarcongress.com)
- From there, the team went to Beijing where they were to meet with China's National Energy Administration - which oversees China's ethanol policy, as well as major energy producers and traders. (blogspot.com)
- Indeed, the United States was experiencing such huge surpluses in corn supplies that producers were looking for new markets to remedy low prices. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Ethanol producers have been ensnared in the trade war skirmish as well and in recent weeks have been caught an uncomfortable 'pincer-like' squeeze by the Trump Administration. (altenergystocks.com)
- There's simply too much ethanol being produced for the markets to absorb, given the Trump Administration's massive cutbacks in US ethanol targets -In the resulting massively oversupplied market, the inevitable has happened, ethanol producers, growers and the Midwestern economies are being crushed. (altenergystocks.com)
- Last year, Brazil imposed a 20% tax on ethanol imported from the U.S. that exceeds a 600 million liter annual quota to protect local producers as imports spiked. (mercopress.com)
- Producers have moved larger quantities of corn to market than they did last year in response to higher prices, not a stronger basis. (southeastfarmpress.com)
- The country's cattle, turkey and chicken producers have been among those hardest and most directly hit by a more than 50 percent surge in corn futures since mid-June, which has inflated costs and squeezed profits. (reuters.com)
- The economics of the Company's patented CTS process allows for production costs to be reduced and profit margins for producers and refineries to be increased. (altenergymag.com)
- Additionally, ethanol producers were providing 4.64 million pounds of corn oil daily. (ilcorn.org)
- Most of the producers will take a somewhat smaller profit from the ethanol. (chicagotribune.com)
- According to EIA data, ethanol production averaged 1.012 million barrels per day (b/d)-or 42.50 million gallons daily. (hoosieragtoday.com)
- Stocks of ethanol were 21.3 million barrels. (hoosieragtoday.com)
- U.S. ethanol stockpiles still increased by 100,000 barrels to 22.72 million barrels - the most since May. (reuters.com)
- Ethanol stocks fell to 20.6 million barrels from the record-high 27.7 million barrels recorded on April 17. (farms.com)
- Stocks of ethanol fell to 15.3 million barrels, as rail logistics issues continued to complicate ethanol movements to both coasts. (ilcorn.org)
- Roughly 100 corn ethanol refineries were constructed in one year and another 100 scheduled to come on line within 3 years. (yahoo.com)
- Ken, Only half the $1/gal tax credit for diesel, The government blend tax credit of 51 cents/gallon through 2010 for 6 billion gallons corn ethanol this year and 12 billion gallons each future year is projected from newly constructed EPA approved corn ethanol refineries. (yahoo.com)