Corbicula: A genus of freshwater clams, in the family Corbiculidae, class BIVALVIA. It originated in Asia but was introduced in North America and is now found throughout the United States.Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Arginine Kinase: An enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of the guanidine nitrogen of arginine in the presence of ATP and a divalent cation with formation of phosphorylarginine and ADP. EC 2.7.3.3.Americas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.Reproduction, Asexual: Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in several ways, such as budding, fission, or splitting from "parent" cells. Only few groups of ANIMALS reproduce asexually or unisexually (PARTHENOGENESIS).Foraminifera: An order of amoeboid EUKARYOTES characterized by reticulating pseudopods and a complex life cycle with an alternation of generations. Most are less than 1mm in size and found in marine or brackish water.Cape Verde: The republic consists of islands that are located in the mid-Atlantic Ocean about 300 miles off the west coast of Africa. The archipelago includes 10 islands and 5 islets, divided into the windward (Barlavento) and leeward (Sotavento) groups. The capital is Praia.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.RNA, Ribosomal, 18S: Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Unionidae: A family of freshwater mussels in the class BIVALVIA. They differ from ZEBRA MUSSELS in that they are larger and posses a larval stage called glochidia, which requires attachment to the GILLS or fins of particular species of FISHES.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Mytilidae: A family of marine MUSSELS in the class BIVALVIA.Acari: A large, subclass of arachnids comprising the MITES and TICKS, including parasites of plants, animals, and humans, as well as several important disease vectors.Diatoms: The common name for the phylum of microscopic unicellular STRAMENOPILES. Most are aquatic, being found in fresh, brackish, and salt water. Diatoms are noted for the symmetry and sculpturing of their siliceous cell walls. They account for 40% of PHYTOPLANKTON, but not all diatoms are planktonic.Haptophyta: A group (or phylum) of unicellular EUKARYOTA (or algae) possessing CHLOROPLASTS and FLAGELLA.Sea Anemones: The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Nitrites: Salts of nitrous acid or compounds containing the group NO2-. The inorganic nitrites of the type MNO2 (where M=metal) are all insoluble, except the alkali nitrites. The organic nitrites may be isomeric, but not identical with the corresponding nitro compounds. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Dinoflagellida: Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.TexasCat's Claw: A vine (Uncaria tomentosa) indigenous to the Amazon rainforest whose name is derived from its hook-like thorns. It contains oxindole alkaloids and glycosides and has many medicinal uses.Los AngelesTrace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Xanthine: A purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Pentosyltransferases: Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of a pentose group from one compound to another.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Natural Language Processing: Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.Quantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.EncyclopediasChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Phaeophyta: A division of predominantly marine EUKARYOTA, commonly known as brown algae, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Quartz: Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Rapid evolution of sessility in an endemic species flock of the freshwater bivalve Corbicula from ancient lakes on Sulawesi, Indonesia. (1/11)

The fauna of ancient lakes frequently contains taxa with highly derived morphologies that resulted from in situ radiation of lacustrine lineages with high antiquity. We employed a molecular mtDNA phylogeny to investigate this claim for corbiculid freshwater bivalves in two ancient lake systems on the Indonesian island Sulawesi. Among the otherwise mobile corbiculid species flock, only one taxon, Posostrea anomioides, in the ancient Lake Poso exhibits a unique habit, i.e. cementing one valve to the substrate. Our data show that Corbicula on Sulawesi is polyphyletic, with the endemic riverine taxa in terminal position, and the lacustrine species flock being paraphyletic. Surprisingly, Posostrea is not confirmed as a genus distinct from Corbicula and genetic distances suggest a rather recent origin from the only other corbiculid species endemic to Lake Poso, the non-cementing Corbicula possoensis. While the cementing anomioides, despite its unique behavioural and morphological characteristics, clusters together with non-sessile Corbicula species, the latter exhibit strong genetic distances in the absence of morphological disparity and fall into several genetically rather distinct clades. These findings suggest that developmental plasticity of animals in ancient lakes rather than the antiquity of lineages might account for the unique morphology of some species.  (+info)

A novel ornithine-containing tripeptide isolated from the extract of the brackish-water bivalve Corbicula japonica. (2/11)

Previous studies have demonstrated that frozen preparations of the brackish-water bivalve Corbicula japonica significantly increase the content of free ornithine found in its extracts. Here we report a novel ornithine-containing tripeptide commonly found in C. japonica, which is believed to be the source of increased free ornithine. The new peptide, named acorbine, was isolated from extracts of this bivalve obtained using ultra-filtration and gel permeation chromatography. Acorbine is comprised of N(2)-[N(2)-(beta-alanyl)-L-ornithyl]-L-ornithine as determined by amino acid composition analysis, N- and C-terminal amino acid analyses, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry, and chirality analysis of the ornithine residue. The total amount of beta-alanine and ornithine in the extract remained constant regardless of the temperature at which the bivalve was processed. The amount of free beta-alanine and ornithine increased significantly when the bivalve was frozen, with a corresponding decrease in peptidic beta-alanine and ornithine. The results suggest that changing the growth conditions triggers tripeptide proteolysis within the bivalve, which ultimately manifests in increased free beta-alanine and ornithine.  (+info)

Polychlorinated biphenyl exposure causes gonadal atrophy and oxidative stress in Corbicula fluminea clams. (3/11)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widespread environmental contaminants that have been linked to oxidative and other toxic effects in both humans and wildlife. Due to recent environmental health concerns at a PCB contaminated Superfund site near Raleigh, NC, we used a common clam species (Corbicula fluminea) as surrogates to isolate the effects of PCBs on threatened bivalves native to the region. Under controlled laboratory conditions, clams were exposed to 0, 1, 10, or 100 ppb Aroclor 1260 in the ambient water for 21 days. Measured biomarkers spanned a range of effective levels of biological organization including low molecular weight antioxidants, lipid-soluble antioxidants, and whole tissue radical absorption capacity. These data were augmented by use of histological evaluation of whole samples. Aroclor 1260 significantly increased reduced glutathione (GSH) and total protein concentrations at all treatments levels. Significant decreases were measured in all treatments in gamma -tocopherol and total oxidant scavenging capacity (TOSC) and alpha -tocopherol values in the 100 ppb exposure. Histologically, Aroclor 1260 caused significant gonadal atrophy, effacement of gonad architecture with accumulations of Brown cells, and inflammation and necrosis in digestive glands and foot processes. Our results indicate that oxidative mechanisms play a significant role in the decreased health of these clams due to exposure to Aroclor 1260. The changes in the gonads of exposed clams suggest that a serious threat to bivalve reproduction exists due to PCB exposure.  (+info)

Bioaccumulation and metabolism of [14C]bisphenol A in the brackish water bivalve Corbicula japonica. (4/11)

The brackish water bivalve mollusk Corbicula japonica was exposed to brackish water containing approximately 9 microg/l [(14)C]bisphenol A (BPA) for 168 h (the uptake phase), and subsequently transferred to clean brackish water for 144 h (the depuration phase) under semi-static conditions. Mono and disulfate conjugates of BPA were detected in the bivalves as major metabolites. At the end of the uptake phase, the visceral mass contained the highest (14)C-concentration, and the monosulfate conjugate of BPA was a major metabolite in the visceral mass. These data suggest that the visceral mass is the major tissue/organ to take up and metabolize BPA in these bivalves. The BPA concentration in the bivalves readily reached steady state during the uptake phase and immediately decreased in the depuration phase. The accumulation and elimination rates of the mono and disulfate conjugates of BPA were slower than those of BPA.  (+info)

A comparative study of cellulase and hemicellulase activities of brackish water clam Corbicula japonica with those of other marine Veneroida bivalves. (5/11)

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Purification, molecular cloning, and application of a novel sphingomyelin-binding protein (clamlysin) from the brackishwater clam, Corbicula japonica. (6/11)

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Rare gene capture in predominantly androgenetic species. (7/11)

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Phylogeny and androgenesis in the invasive Corbicula clams (Bivalvia, Corbiculidae) in Western Europe. (8/11)

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Le genre Corbicula peut être observé dans un large éventail dhabitats limniques depuis les eaux douces lotiques, des rivières et des fleuves, ou lentiques, des lacs et des étangs, jusquaux eaux saumâtres des estuaires et des lagons. Les espèces du genre Corbicula vivent sur une grande variété de substrats comme les fonds constitués de limon, dargile, de sable ou de gravier[58]. À lexception de Corbicula japonica préférant les eaux saumâtres des estuaires[22], la majorité des espèces préfèrent les eaux douces bien quelles puissent tolérer des salinités jusquà 24 ppt[59] et sacclimater aussi aux eaux saumâtres. Le genre Corbicula peut être observé dans des eaux dont la gamme de température sétend de 2 à 30 °C[60] mais les basses températures limitent la reproduction, lexpulsion des jeunes ne pouvant avoir lieu quau-delà de 16 °C[61]. Le genre Corbicula préfère les eaux vives riches en oxygène dissout[62] et où le renouvellement de lapport en nourriture ...
ABSTRACT. Xenophyophorea are giant deep-sea rhizopodial protists of enigmatic origins. Although species were described as Foraminifera or sponges in the early literature, the xenophyophoreans are currently classified either as a class of Rhizopoda or an independent phylum. To establish the phylogenetic position of Xenophyophorea, we analysed the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequence of Syringammina corbicula Richardson, a newly described xenophyophorean species from the Cape Verde Plateau. The SSUrDNA analyses showed that S. corbicula is closely related to Rhizammina algaeformis, a tubular deep-sea foraminiferan. Both species branch within a group of monothalamous (single-chambered) Foraminifera, which include also such agglutinated genera as Toxisarcon, Rhabdammina, and Saccammina, and the organic-walled genera Gloiogullmia and Cylindrogullmia. Our results are congruent with observations of similar cytoplasmic organisation in Rhizammina and Syringammina. Thus, the Xenophyophorea appear to be a ...
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Principal Investigator:SHINAGAWA Akira, Project Period (FY):1997 - 1998, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Fisheries chemistry
Fact﻽: Bees have a slightly concave area on the tibia of their hind legs surrounded by hairs. These are called corbiculae, or pollen baskets. As the bee is foraging, it uses its forelegs to brush the pollen from its body back into the corbiculae where it is trapped. You can often see this -- look for (usually) yellow lumps on the bees hind legs. (source) ...
Freshwater clams can be eaten, but it is not advisable to eat them as they can be toxic. Many different species of clam inhabit Ontarios lakes and rivers and were eaten for centuries by Native...
The process of androgenesis allows a mature plant embryo to form from a reduced, or immature, pollen grain.[15] Androgenesis usually occurs under stressful conditions.[15] Embryos that result from this mechanism can germinate into fully functional plants. As mentioned, the embryo results from a single pollen grain. Pollen grains consists of three cells - one vegetative cell containg two generative cells. According to Maraschin et al., androgenesis must be triggered during the asymmetric division of microspores.[15] However, once the vegetative cell starts to make starch and proteins, androgenesis can no longer occur. Maraschin et al., indicates that this mode of embryogenesis consists of three phases. The first phase is the acquisition of embryonic potential, which is the repression of gametophyte formation, so that the differentiation of cells can occur. Then during the initiation of cell divisions, multicellular structures begin to form, which are contained by the exine wall. The last step of ...
Most of the fish research at SEAFDEC AQD in 1992-1994 was on milkfish. Studies were conducted on year-round spawning through hormonal or environmental manipulation; optimum lipid and protein levels and ration size for captive broodstock; and the influence of spawner age on reproductive performance. The economics of hatchery operations, alone or integrated with broodstock as a commercial enterprise, was assessed. Mass production of larvae was refined with the use of commercial or SEAFDEC-formulated larval diets. Alternative rearing schemes in large tanks and ponds were tried. Hatcheryproduced and wild-caught larvae were compared in terms of growth and production in experimental nursery and grow-out ponds. Supplemental diets for brackishwater grow-out culture were formulated. Studies on broodstock management of grouper Epinephelus spp. included lipid enrichment of the diet and hormonal induction of sex inversion. Seed production techniques were developed but survival rates were low. Grouper ...
PCR-RFLP of 12s rRNA and 16s rRNA of Lates calcarifer was carried out. A 415 bp amplified product was obtained from 12s rRNA gene, whereas 700 bp amplified product could be obtained from 16s rRNA gene by PCR. The RFLP of 16s PCR product when digested with Mbo I showed restriction fragments of approx. 275 bp and 200 bp. All the PCR products obtained from different regions showed monomorphism. Cla I was found to be a non-informative restriction enzyme and no restriction fragments could be generated using this enzyme. Alu I restriction digestion of 12s PCR product showed restriction fragments of approximately 250 bp and 75 bp. However, Alu I also generated monomorphism on samples collected from different regions ...
A fish created by spontaneous androgenesis is the first known vertebrate to arise naturally by this asexual reproductive phenomenon. 
Ferrous slags are inorganic UVCB similar to natural rock. These materials contain trace elements of toxicological or environmental relevance. The accumulation of these elements was tested in field studies. For several elements tested, there was a high scattering of their concentrations in animals and algae, including controls, but it could not be shown that a significant accumulation of these trace elements occurred. The BCF 10 was taken as the worst case for heavy metals in aquatic environments to cover for the influence of slags in comparison to natural rock material Since slags are inorganic UVCB similar to natural rock, there is no need to perform any study on bioaccumulation. Rejected Study To elucidate the possible bioaccumulation of trace metals released from slag stones used in hydraulic engineering, slags were exposed to Rhine water. Dikerogammarus villosus (Amphipoda, Crustaceae), Bithynia tentaculata (Gastropoda), the mussels Corbicula fluminea and Dreissena polymorpha (Bivalvia), and ...
Lestrimelitta limao is a neotropical eusocial bee species found in Brazil and Panama and is part of the Apidae family. It is a species of stingless bees that practices obligate nest robbing. They have never been spotted foraging from flowers, an observation that supports their raiding behavior. Because of their lack of hind corbicula, they must raid to obtain enough protein in their diet in the form of pollen and nectar. Lestrimelitta limao secrete a lemon-scented alarm allomone, from which they receive their name, in order to conduct successful raids. L. limao are hypothesized to produce poisonous honey that is toxic if consumed by humans. Because robber bees are so rare and difficult to observe, there is a limited scope of information available. Lestrimelitta limao is part of the Apidae family, which consists of bumble bees, euglossines, honey bees, and stingless bees. This species is within the tribe Meliponini. L. limao usually visit the nests of the same family, most notably, Trigona. The ...
A honey bee moistens the forelegs with a protruding tongue and brushes the pollen that has collected on head, body and forward appendages to the hind legs. The pollen is transferred to the pollen comb on the hind legs and then combed, pressed, compacted, and transferred to the corbicula on the outside surface of the tibia of the hind legs.[3] A single hair functions as a pin that secures the middle of the pollen load. (From Wikipedia/Pollen Basket ...
Gran part del seu antic hàbitat sha vist inundat per embassaments o sha tornat inhabitable a causa de la contaminació provocada per les activitats mineres, industrials i agràries. A més, la introducció despècies exòtiques (com ara, Corbicula flumminea, el musclo zebrat -Dreissena polymorpha-, Mylopharyngodon piceus i el neogobi melanòstom (Neogobius melanostomus) en el seu ecosistema també és un problema seriós. Aquesta espècie es manté només en uns pocs indrets però hom considera que tan sols 1 o 2 són realment viables per a la seua supervivència.[6][2][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]. ...
David B. Scott; Brackish-water foraminifera from southern California and description of Polysaccammina ipohalina n. gen., n. sp.. Journal of Foraminiferal Research ; 6 (4): 312-321. doi: https://doi.org/10.2113/gsjfr.6.4.312. Download citation file:. ...
The occurrence of Salmonella and Vibrio cholerae in brackishwater ponds was monitored over a 2-year period in one of the major prawn exporting countries in Southeast Asia. The principal production areas were identified and regular samples taken for Salmonella and V. cholerae analysis. Results demonstrated that brackishwater ponds and cultured prawns were inherently contaminated with both bacterial pathogens. Salmonella spp. were present in 16.0% of prawns and 22.1% of mud/water samples from ponds; and V. cholerae present in 1.5% of prawns and 3.1% of mud/water samples. Culturing by intensive methods tended to favour contamination by these pathogens, which is most likely due to the accumulation of waste and increase in the volume of sediments in ponds. Typical environmental factors such as water temperature, pH, and salinity were all favourable for growth of microorganisms. The incidence of the pathogens increased during the wet season and was marginally higher when ponds were located close to ...
Research on brackishwater aquatic animal health and environment was initiated at the Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture since 1990. Since then it has grown in terms of expertise, manpower and facilities. The Aquatic Animal Health and Environment Division or the AAHED in short, has scientists with all relevant specialities and expertise in Microbiology, Virology, Pathology, Parasitology, Biotechnology, Molecular Diagnostics, Soil and water Chemistry, Environment and Aquaculture. The AAHED has well established laboratory facilities for carrying out cutting edge research in molecular biology in addition to aquatic animal health and environment management including diagnostics, prophylactics and health management in brackishwater aquaculture. The advanced facilities have been developed with funding support from ICAR, National Agricultural Research Project (NARP), World Bank, National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP), All India Network Project on Fish health (AINP), Consortia ...
4.7.1 Monitoring water parameters. The important water parameters to be monitored are temperature, salinity, acidity, turbidity and ammonia or hydrogen sulfide content. Temperature affects the growth of the fish, as it slows metabolism and growth when it is low, and increases metabolism and growth when it is high. High temperature in brackishwater ponds is also necessary for better growth of natural foods like benthic algae ("lab-lab"), or good plankton growth in freshwater ponds.. Salinity is important in brackishwater ponds for maintaining good growth of benthic algae without affecting the milkfish, because it can survive and grow at any level of salinity. Acidity also affects both types of pond system in terms of food growth and fish survival. Acidic water can be treated with lime (CaCO3), and the rate depends on the acidity reading of the water. It is better to do the treatment during pond preparation, when soil is treated with the right amount of lime. Turbidity is the measurement of ...
Hemicellulase is used to clarify the juice of mandarin oranges. Although pectinase is used to clarify the juices of apples and grapes, the juice of mandarin oranges are clarified by the simultaneous use of pectinase and hemicellulase. In food processing, it is rare that the desired result can be obtained with the use of hemicellulase alone. Hemicellulases work in conjunction with cellulases and pectinases ...
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tanaid: Any of more than 550 species of small, bottom-dwelling marine and brackish-water crustaceans constituting the order Tanaidacea (superorder Peracarida, phylum Arthropoda). Tanaids...
Chlamydodon mnemosyne, a brackish-water ciliate which feeds on cyanobacteria, is capable of sensing the direction of light. Cells are negatively phototactic in the well-fed state and tend to swim towards the light source when mildly starved. Severely starved cells normally fail to show phototactic responses. An autofluorescent substance, which is present in all life cycle stages, occurs in, or immediately beneath, the plasma membrane of this ciliate. It is located in the anterior left side of a cell, in the same region where mildly starved cells accumulate small orange globules that form a structure known as the stigma. The diameter of the whole area where the autofluorescent substance is located appears to be smaller than the stigma; typically, it consists of two rows of blue-green fluorescence, each row subdivided into 5-10 squares. Since the blue-green autofluorescence is excited by both blue (450-490 nm) and near-ultraviolet (340-380 nm) light, it possibly originates from flavin- and/or ...
Ive always wondered if Ancient lakes referred to 1) the lakes (such as Soap Lake) that now occupy depressions that were scoured out by the Missoula floods 12-15 thousand years ago (Pleistocene), or 2) the much more ancient lakes that existed in that area due to the damming of drainages by lava flows of the Columbia River Basalt around 15 million years ago (Miocene). Evidence for the much more ancient basalt-dammed lakes consists of thick deposits of diatomite that crop out (and are mined) along Silica Rd. between I-90 and the Gorge concert venue. The diatomite is composed of the skeletons of gazillions of diatoms that lived (and died, obviously) in the lakes. While the Pleistocene ancient lakes formed by the Missoula floods are an interesting feature of the area, they have no affect on terroir. The deposits of the Miocene ancient lakes, however, do affect terroir as they are a component of the soils in some parts of the proposed AVA. Joan?? ...
Poster Presentations; section 3 - Gene Transfer and Regulation, section 4 - Marker Assisted Selection, Section 5 - Transgenics, Section 6 - Biotic Stresses; Proceedings of the 9th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada 2-7 August ...
Genetics and Biotechnology: Tools and their Application in Aquaculture. December 14-19, 2015 Organized by. ICAR - Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture 75 Santhome High Road, RA Puram, Chennai 600028, Tamil Nadu. Objectives • To acquaint participants with recent advances in the field of Genetics and Biotechnology • To impart hands-on training on biotechnology and bioinformatics tools Course content The training will involve both theory and practicals. Some of the broad areas covered for the course are as follows:. Theory • Introduction to biotechnological tools and their applications • Types of DNA markers and their application in population genetics • Application of Bioinformatics in sequence analysis Hands on training on • Nucleic acid extraction and analysis DNA, RNA isolation, Determination of DNA concentration using nanodrop, gel electrophoresis, gel documentation, DNA amplification (PCR), Gene expression analysis (Real-Time PCR) • Recombinant DNA technology ...
Looking for Diponegoro? Find out information about Diponegoro. Born Nov. 11, 1785, on Java; died Jan. 8, 1855, in Makasar, on Sulawesi . Leader of the Java Uprising of 1825-30 against the Dutch colonialists. Explanation of Diponegoro
I had to think about this for a while. There are several questions.. In keeping livebearers it is common to be told to add salt. Nobody says if there is something specific about sodium chloride, or if the goal is just to raise TDS, which could be an effect on osmolality or conductivity. Some fish are said to do better in brackish water. (scats, monos) Again, is there something special about sodium chloride.. Some snails (nerites) and some shrimp are said to breed only in brackish water. In the case of nerite snails I read that the water SG should be above 1.003. Mine is above that already.. ...
The industrial conversion of biomass to high-value biofuels and biochemical is mainly restricted by lignocellulose solubilization. Consolidated bio-saccharification (CBS) is considered a promising process for lignocellulose solubilization depending on whole-cell biocatalysts that simultaneously perform effective cellulase production and hydrolysis. However, it usually takes a long time to reach a high saccharification level using the current CBS biocatalyst and process. To promote the saccharification efficiency and reduce the cost, a Clostridium thermocellum recombinant strain ∆pyrF::KBm was constructed as a new CBS biocatalyst in this study. The key CBS factors, including the medium, inoculum size and cultivation, and substrate load, were investigated and optimized. The saccharification process was also stimulated by adding free hemicellulases, suggesting the need to further enhance hemicellulase activity of the whole-cell catalyst. Under the optimal conditions, the CBS process was shortened by 50%
Lithostratigraphy, tephra, geochemistry, biomarkers, hydrogen isotopes, radiocarbon dates, age model, chironomid counts and percentages, pollen counts and percentages, reconstructed summer temperatures for the lacustrine sequence of ancient lake Atteköpsmosse in southern Sweden, 15.5-11.3 ka BP.
ABSTRACT: The measurement of genetic variability and assessment of population genetic losses are important components of environmental management programs. Twenty-three natural populations of the Mediterranean brackish-water toothcarp Aphanius fasciatus were investigated using different statistical approaches based on genetic data at 13 polymorphic allozyme loci. In general, no differences between values of within-population genetic variability estimates occurred. The Wilcoxon sign-rank test for heterozygosity excess due to a recent bottleneck was conducted on the array of populations. In addition, a qualitative descriptor of allele frequency distribution was used to infer bottlenecks. Only populations from the Orbetello lagoon and La Salina at Elba Island revealed significant heterozygosity excess under both the infinite allele model (IAM) and stepwise mutation model (SMM). A recent dystrophic crisis may account for the genetic loss detected in the population of A. fasciatus from the Orbetello ...
Data: Im an user of Conch-L where I found the address for your Shell Id page. A friend of mine sent to me the photos of a large freshwater bivalve inhabiting the muddy bottoms of a wide pool where operates some water scooping machines some kilometers north off Livorno, Tuscany, Italy ...
Samphire is a strange-looking primitive plant which thrives in the brackish water and mud of a saltmarsh . . . Despite this it is one of the very few wild
... refers to the neurological symptoms that can occur as a result of liver failure. In the advanced stages, hepatic encephalopathy is referred to as hepatic coma and can eventually lead to death.
The species is listed on CITES Appendix I and fully protected under Indonesian law (Jahja 1987). Lowland Anoa occur in a number of protected areas (Indonesian Ministry of Forestry 2013, Burton et al. 2005). There are several key protected areas thought to hold significant populations of this species, including Lore Lindu National Park, Bogani Nani-Wartabone National Park, and Tanjung Peropa Nature Reserve on Sulawesi (Indonesian Ministry of Forestry 2013, Burton et al. 2005), as well as Lambusango Wildlife Reserve on Buton Island (Burton 2001). In 2013 the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry published a Strategy and Conservation Action Plan for Anoa 2013-2022. The vision of this plan is a stable population of Anoa in its wild habitat through reduced poaching (hunting) and illegal trade, maintenance of the existing habitat, through active involvement of the stakeholders. A series of high priority sites for in situ conservation of Anoa have been identified: 11 in mainland Sulawesi, and two in Buton ...
Most of the fish research at SEAFDEC AQD in 1992-1994 was on milkfish. Studies were conducted on year-round spawning through hormonal or environmental manipulation; optimum lipid and protein levels and ration size for captive broodstock; and the influence of spawner age on reproductive performance. The economics of hatchery operations, alone or integrated with broodstock as a commercial enterprise, was assessed. Mass production of larvae was refined with the use of commercial or SEAFDEC-formulated larval diets. Alternative rearing schemes in large tanks and ponds were tried. Hatcheryproduced and wild-caught larvae were compared in terms of growth and production in experimental nursery and grow-out ponds. Supplemental diets for brackishwater grow-out culture were formulated. Studies on broodstock management of grouper Epinephelus spp. included lipid enrichment of the diet and hormonal induction of sex inversion. Seed production techniques were developed but survival rates were low. Grouper ...
We have heard the Mars exploration mantra for more than a decade: follow the water. In a new paper published October 9, 2015, in the journal Science, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) team presents recent results of its quest ...
(EMAILWIRE.COM, May 05, 2017 ) The Global Brackish Water Membranes Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Brackish Water Membranes industry. With around 150 tables and figures this report provides key statistics on the state of the industry...
2002 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Communication in the Information Society: Proceedings of the 16th Conference "Informatics for Environmental Protection" Sept. 25-27, 2002, Vienna, Austria / [ed] Pillmann W., Tochtermann K, Vienna: ISEP , 2002Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert) ...
Monoecious or rarely dioecious, annual or rarely perennial, erect, caulescent, glabrous herbsof fresh or brackish waters, growing entirely submersed. Roots fibrous, few, nonseptate, at base of stem...
Jarman, S. N., S. Nicol, N. G. Elliott, and A. McMinn. 2000. 28S rDNA evolution in the Eumalacostraca and the phylogenetic position of krill. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17:26-36.. Martin, J. W. and G. E. Davis. 2001. An updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Series 39. Los Angeles, CA. Mauchline, J. 1984. Euphausiid, Stomatopod and Leptostracan Crustaceans: Keys and Notes for the Identification of the Species. Synopses of the British Fauna, New Series, no. 30. Estuarine and Brackish-water Sciences Association. Linnean Society of London. E.J Brill / Dr W. Backhuys, Leiden.. Richter, S. and G. Scholtz. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of the Malacostraca (Crustacea). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 39:113-136.. Scholtz, G. 2000. Evolution of the nauplius stage in malacostracan crustaceans. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 38:175-187.. Schram, R. F. 1977. Paleozoogeography of ...
The goal of this thesis is to examine the distribution and diagenesis of carbohydrates in aquatic environments. The following questions are studied: what is the carbohydrate composition of sediment in different environments (e.g., deep-sea oxic; shallow-sea oxic; deep-sea anoxic; fresh-water anoxic; brackish-water anoxic, etc.)? How does the environment at the sediment-water interface affect the composition of the carbohydrate input? How do sedimentary carbohydrates compare to plankton carbohydrates? How do metal-carbohydrate interactions and biological degradation affect the diagenesis of carbohydrates in recent sediments? Can fossil carbohydrates be used as a means to elucidate paleo-environments? In order to investigate these questions in a quantitative manner, a liquid chromatographic sugar analyzer sensitive to 10-10 moles was constructed. Various extraction techniques, involving acid hydrolysis and EDTA treatment, were thoroughly examined to determine lability of sugars, sources of ...
Makassar or Macassar or sometimes Mangkasar, is a city in South Sulawesi, and also the capital of this province. From 1971 until 1999 the town was officially known as Ujung Pandang. This city is such a big city with numbers or diversities, relating the tribes who live in Makassar, like Makassar people, Bugis, Toraja, Mandar, and Tionghoa.
Bagi kamu yang berdomisili di kota Makassar dan sekitarnya di Sulawesi Selatan , paket obat kencing nanah bisa kami kirim via TIKI, JNE dan Pos Indonesia.. Sesuai kesepakatan dalam 1-6 hari sampai di tempat Anda (tergantung alamat Anda) dan kami pastikan pesanan kami kirim sesuai pesanan Anda dan alamat tujuan Anda, dan setelah pesanan kami kirim akan segera kami konfirmasikan no. resinya kepada Anda (update setiap malam setelah pengiriman), dan Anda bisa cek langsung pengiriman barang anda di web JNE, TIKI dan POS Indonesia.. ...
Browse CG Series High Flux Brackish Water RO Elements (Cellulose Acetate) in the Pargreen Process Technologies catalog including Item #,Flow Average,Salt Rejection Average (NaCl),Active Area,Outer Wrap,Part Number,Dimension A (Length),Dimension C (Ou
In 1990, due the result of population census there was 1,349,619 people in this province. Now, in post 1997, the population became 1.693.400people. The density, according to the area of the province is 38,140 sq. Km 0 is about 39 people per square kilometer.
These clams might not have a brain, but they do have a foot for digging. Theyd better move quick, or these rays and birds will have them for dinner.
The Fisheries Science Division under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) coordinates and monitor the research and academic programmes in fisheries and aquaculture of five resource specific fisheries research institutes viz., ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), ICAR-Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA); a Deemed University, ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE); a bureau, ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (NBFGR) and a directorate, ICAR-Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research (DCFR) which are also supported by a wide network of their Regional/Research/ Field centres. The Fisheries Science Division has also initiated Network Projects on Mariculture and Fish Health Management and coordinating a Consortium Research Platform (CRP) project on ...
Neuropeptides are a diverse assemblage of signalling molecules that have key roles in the regulation of behaviour. Understanding the evolutionary relationships and functions of the plethora of neuropeptides has presented a considerable challenge to biologists. Based on presentations and discussions at a Royal Society meeting in 2017, three companion Review articles by Elphick et al., Jékely et al. and DeLaney et al. discuss advances in our knowledge of neuropeptide evolution and function and the techniques that have facilitated progress in this field of research.. ...
TRAVELNESIA - Sulawesi is known as an island rich in natural and cultural potential. Because it is close to the other country, Sulawesi also has a mixture of adat and language. In addition sulawesi is an island located quite far from the center of the capital and close to the island of Papua. However sulawesi…
Taxonomy, location and binomial nomenclature of Risbecia apolegma from Bangka North Sulawesi, Indonesia » Nudi Pixel: Nudibranch Photos Collection
ASTM-D4130 Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines - brackish; brine; seawater; sulfate;; ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
The term freshwater bivalve is very inclusive and not very informative. There are representatives of at least 19 families that have at least one representative living in freshwater. This suggests at l
Bivalves eat plankton and other microalgae though some bivalves are also carnivorous. Bivalves typically are not carnivorous because they do not have the internal organs that are needed in order to...
Sop Konro beef rib soup is a dish typical of Indonesia which is derived from the tradition of the Bugis and Makassar, Sulawesi island
Galveston Bay is many things to many people. Its the largest estuary in Texas with 600 square miles of mostly shallow, brackish water that is home to hundreds of species of birds, fish and other wildlife. Like most ...
The point of this game is that you are set in a Zombie Infected Zone. You are a Marine. The other marines have become infected. You have to leave the City and get to a safier area. This is very tough in some ways to. You have to try to escape from many...
Just as horses shake off pesky flies by twitching their skin, ships may soon be able to shed the unwanted accumulation of bacteria and other marine growth with the flick of a switch.
Define Sulawesi peninsulas. Sulawesi peninsulas synonyms, Sulawesi peninsulas pronunciation, Sulawesi peninsulas translation, English dictionary definition of Sulawesi peninsulas. also Cel·e·bes An irregularly shaped island of central Indonesia on the equator east of Borneo. Noted for its many endemic animal species, it is inhabited...
Brackish water (less commonly brack water) is salt water and fresh water mixed together. It is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as seawater. It may result from mixing of seawater with fresh water, as in estuaries, or it may occur in brackish fossil aquifers.. Some human activities can produce brackish water, mostly certain civil engineering projects such as dikes and the flooding of coastal marshland to produce brackish pools for freshwater prawns.. Technically, brackish water contains between 0.5 and 30 grams of salt per litre-more often expressed as 0.5 to 30 parts per thousand (ppt or ‰). Thus, brackish covers a range of salinity regimes and is not considered a precisely defined condition. It is characteristic of many brackish surface waters that their salinity can vary considerably over space and/or time.. ...
The potential for mineral scaling that may limit the generation of new potable water resources by reverse osmosis (RO), from inland brackish water of high gypsum scaling propensity, was experimentally explored via flux decline measurements and real-time RO membrane surface imaging. Antagonistic gypsum and calcium carbonate scaling kinetics were demonstrated for high-sulfate brackish water desalting. RO scaling studies with brackish water from the California San Joaquin Valley (approximately 10 000 mg/L total dissolved solids) revealed that membrane gypsum scaling was increasingly retarded with rising bicarbonate concentrations. Crystal growth rate, fractional membrane scale coverage, and flux decline decreased by up to about 63, 78, and 73%, respectively, as the bicarbonate concentration increased, at the membrane surface, from | 0.01 to 7.81 mM, for a gypsum saturation index of 2. Inhibition of gypsum crystal growth was attributed to bicarbonate adsorption onto the crystal surfaces, and CaCO3 scaling
One needs some background on the regional geology in order to understand the issues. The Green River Formation lies in southwestern Wyoming, northwestern Colorado and extreme northeastern Utah. It is found in three different ancient lake basins. The first is Lake Gosiute which consists of the Green River Formation found in the Green River Basin, the Washakie Basin, and the Sand Wash Basin (all of which used to interconnect but presently dont due to erosion). The Green River Formation is also found in the ancient Fossil Lake in the Fossil Basin, which lies to the west and which does not connect up with Lake Gosiute. As we shall see there is even paleontological evidence that these basins never connected. Finally the Green River Formation is found in Lake Uinta in the Uinta and Piceance Basins to the south of the map. These three ancient lakes were separated from each other and when speaking of the Green River, one must be careful to distinguish where one is talking about. Blindly applying ...
Although quite commonly called freshwater flounders, all of the fresh and brackish water flatfish that are traded as aquarium fish are in fact soles, members of the families Achiridae, Cynoglossidae, and Soleidae. Only a few species turn up regularly, and these are listed below, though others do turn up from time to time. Generally they make good choices for a community tank with other quiet, but not too small, species of fish. The main differences between these species is whether or not they require fresh or brackish water; otherwise, all behave in much the same way and enjoy the same sorts of food. Order Pleuronectiformes (flounders, soles, and other flatfish) Family Achiridae (American soles, hogchokers) Trinectes maculatus Also known as the hogchoker sole, many older aquarium books refer to this fish by an obsolete Latin name, Achirus fasciatus. One of the few North American tropical fish, this species can be found in fresh, brackish, and salt water from Florida along the Gulf Coast through ...
Candex is a potent cellulase enyzme product formulated specifically for the treatment of Candida albicans. Since the cell wall of candida are mostly made up of fiber, digestive enyzmes such as cellulase and hemicellulase can effectively kill candida by breaking it down. Candex does not cause herxheimer (or die-off) reaction and yeast cannot become resistant to this type of treatment. Fiber digesting enzymes are safe and work most effectively when .... Continue Reading → ...
Renew Life CandiZYME 45 Caps CandiZYME is a powerful enzyme formula to support the detoxification of yeast overgrowth and promote a balanced intestinal environment. It was formulated to use during cleansing and afterwards for daily maintenance. CandiZYME utilizes enzymes to help balance intestinal flora. It includes protease to help digest protein; cellulase and hemicellulase to help digest cellulose; lactase to help digest milk sugar; and lipase to help digest fats and oils
Prosciurillus squirrels are fairly plain in colour, being various shades of brown. They have relatively short, thick tails, and generally have pointed, erect ears, which may be edged with dark fur. The Whitish Dwarf Squirrel, which only occurs in the north of the island, has pale fur behind the ears. Two of the species have a dark line down the back ...
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 ...
Compendium of Bivalves - set of both volumes-This offer will be in effect for as long as we are able to supply both volumesAt this time Volume 1 is no
We offer clinical cancer updates, treatment guidance, and research news to the oncology nursing community. Visit us often for drug therapy testing results, patient care information and more. Download our FREE app today.
Workbook and Key to the Freshwater Bivalves of North Carolina Arthur E. Bogan North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences Workbook Sponsors North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences North Carolina State University North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission North Carolina Department of Transportation North Carolina Freshwater Mussel Conservation Partnership 2002 Bogan, 2002, Workbook and Key to the Freshwater Bivalves of North Carolina i Acknowledgments I wish to thank the North Carolina Department of Transportation for funding the workshop that initiated this workbook. V. Charles Bruton, Phil Harris, Tim Savidge and Topsy Skinner, all of NCDOT, are gratefully acknowledged for all of their assistance and patience in pulling this workshop together. Tim Savidge initiated the idea of the workshop and has been instrumental in facilitating its occurrence. Mrs. W.T. Edmondson is thanked for granting permission to reproduce figures of her late husbands ...
Target Pasar (Provinsi): Lampung, Kepulauan Bangka Belitung, DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Banten, Jawa Tengah, Yogyakarta, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Selatan, Kalimantan Timur, Kalimantan Utara, Nusa Tenggara, Bali, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Sulawesi Barat, Sulawesi Utara, Sulawesi Tengah, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi Tenggara, Gorontalo, Maluku, Maluku Utara, Papua Barat, Papua, Sumatera Selatan, Jambi, Kepulauan Riau, Bengkulu Riau, Sumatera Barat, Sumatera Utara, DI ...
Leiter ist es seit den letzten news sehr viel spaeter geworden. es ist ziemlich gar nichts los in zentral sulawesi, was mit normalem internet vergleichbar waere.... nun, wir sind in pontianak angekommen (west borneo) und haben uns zu einer fahrt auf sogenannten ojets (wie ein taxi, aber mit kleinen motorraeder) ueberreden lassen, um vom flughafen zum hotel zu kommen. das von uns genannte hotel war aber leider nicht mehr in betrieb, ein zweites war aber schnell gefunden.. am selben abend, haben wir uns mit Alex getroffen, welcher einer der wenigen menschen in pontianak war, der englisch sprach. (wir waren 1 woche in west borneo, und habenn keinen einzigen europaeer gesehen....!!!). nach vielen hin und her, und ein paar verbalen auseinandersetzungen zwischen mir und kim, haben wir uns fuer ein relativ teures jungeltrecking im gunung palung nationalpark entschieden. auf eigene faust hatten wir nicht nur viiiiel laenger gebraucht, sondern waeren evtl. gar nie dorthin gekommen.... in jedem ...
Leiter ist es seit den letzten news sehr viel spaeter geworden. es ist ziemlich gar nichts los in zentral sulawesi, was mit normalem internet vergleichbar waere.... nun, wir sind in pontianak angekommen (west borneo) und haben uns zu einer fahrt auf sogenannten ojets (wie ein taxi, aber mit kleinen motorraeder) ueberreden lassen, um vom flughafen zum hotel zu kommen. das von uns genannte hotel war aber leider nicht mehr in betrieb, ein zweites war aber schnell gefunden.. am selben abend, haben wir uns mit Alex getroffen, welcher einer der wenigen menschen in pontianak war, der englisch sprach. (wir waren 1 woche in west borneo, und habenn keinen einzigen europaeer gesehen....!!!). nach vielen hin und her, und ein paar verbalen auseinandersetzungen zwischen mir und kim, haben wir uns fuer ein relativ teures jungeltrecking im gunung palung nationalpark entschieden. auf eigene faust hatten wir nicht nur viiiiel laenger gebraucht, sondern waeren evtl. gar nie dorthin gekommen.... in jedem ...
Regional tectonic setting with plate boundaries (MORs/transforms = black, subduction zones = teethed red) from Bird (2003) and ophiolite belts representing sutures modified from Hutchison (1975) and Baldwin et al. (2012). West Sulawesi basalts are from Polvé et al. (1997), fracture zones are from Matthews et al. (2011) and basin outlines are from Hearn et al. (2003). ANI - Andaman and Nicobar Islands, BD- Billiton Depression, Ba - Bangka Island, BI - Belitung (Billiton) Island, BiS - Bismarck Sea, BP - Benham Plateau, CaR - Caroline Ridge, CS - Celebes Sea, DG- Dangerous Grounds, EauR - Eauripik Ridge, FIN - Finisterre Terrane, GoT - Gulf of Thailand, GR- Gagua Ridge, HAL- Halmahera, HBa - Huatung Basin, KB-Ketungau Basin, KP - Khorat Platform, KT - Kiilsgaard Trough, LS - Luconia Shoals, MacB - Macclesfield Bank, ManTr - Manus Trench, MaTr - Mariana Trench, MB- Melawi Basin, MDB- Minami Daito Basin, MG- Mangkalihat, MIN - Mindoro, MN- Mawgyi Nappe, MoS - Molucca Sea, MS- Makassar Straits, MTr ...
Macerating enzyme for premium reds Lallzyme EX-V TM is a pectinase with cellulase and hemicellulase side activities for red wines destined for aging. It has a specific action on both grape cell walls and cell membranes. This action allows for a complete and rapid release of anthocyanins and a more efficient release of tannins leading to stable anthocyanin-tannin bonding. The end result of this bonding is a more
kopitani.id adalah website berbasis social entreprise yang mendedikasikan untuk kesejahteraan petani kopi Indonesia. kopitani.id menyediakan berbagai macam green bean yang langsung dari petani kopi Indonesia dengan memutus rantai distribusi dari tengkulak yang merugikan petani,setiap pembelian produk di kopitani.id maka akan dilakukan beberapa program yang berdampak positif langsung ke petani kopi Indonesia seperti donasi bibit, edukasi […]. ...
E2122 - 02(2013) Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Caged Bivalves , bioaccumulation, bivalve, exposure effects, field bioassay, growth, in-situ,
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 ...
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 ...
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 ...
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 ...
Manado, aidsindonesia.com (25/4/2014) - Masih tingginya temuan kasus HIV-AIDS di Sulawesi Utara (Sulut) bakal mempengaruhi produktivitas tenaga kerja di daerah ini. Pasalnya dari temuan 1.445 jiwa per Desember 2013, sebanyak 504 jiwa diantaranya ternyata berprofesi sebagai pekerja swasta dan karyawan. Persoalan ini pun perlu memperoleh perhatian serius, pasalnya 80 persen dari total kasus tersebut, ternyata merupakan usia produktif yakni berada direntang usia 20 hingga 39 tahun ...
Hi all, Im posting this as I cannot see anyone else listing this as an issue. I have installed Clam AV on a RedHat 5.1 workstation and when running a
Flame-browed Starling. Excursions along small forest side trails required some organizing in a group of 10 but with patience this tactic gave us some great birds including two really close encounters with Great Shortwing, a forest skulker that eludes many birders. By creeping into the forest in this way we also got our most prolonged views of the noisy Malia and as we were waiting for the shortwing we also saw Sulawesi Thrush and Maroon-backed Whistler as well as calling in Scaly-breasted Kingfisher.. The area right next to the lake gave us a good view of the skies at the time of the morning which sees peak raptor flight activity and on our first morning we got three endemics in Sulawesi Honey-buzzard, Sulawesi Hawk Eagle and Sulawesi Serpent Eagle to the delight of the raptor enthusiasts in our group. We also had great views of Lesser Fish Eagle here and an Oriental Hobby which tried to catch a Grey-rumped Treeswift but which had to settle for a dragonfly.. ...
Jabon merah (Anthocephalus macrophyllus Roxb) is an endemic tree to Sulawesi having high economic value. It has rarely been investigated, either in genetic population or genetic consevation aspects. The information regarding genetic diversity is very important in order to gain more understanding for breeding and conservation strategies. Genetic diversity is used as material selection of expected genotype. The study was aimed to determine genetic diversity of Jabon merah from Sulawesi provenances that will be used in further development of this species. Leaf samples were collected from 108 families of Jabon merah belong to Sulawesi provenances. Four out of ten microsatellite markers that had high polymorphism were used for amplifying the 108 DNA samples. Results showed alleles number and mean of allele were 3 to 4 alleles and 3,5, respectively. Moreover, PIC mean of the evaluated loci was 3,7. The analysis of genetic relationship showed that the 108 families had moderate level of genetic ...
On April 22 (day 49) five geoduck clams from Groups A and C were selected for photographic documentation of wart appearance. All of the clams inoculated with the calf serum (Group A) were alive and healthy when the observations were terminated on May 6 (day 63). Twenty-five of the thirty geoduck clams inoculated with the wart material (Group C) survived until May 6. After May 6, only the five clams from both Groups A and C used for photographic documentation were retained for monitoring photographically until July 8, 125 days post inoculation (Figs. 3 to 8). After 49 days, four of the five Group A geoduck clams (Fig. 3) had a small scar on mantle site and one geoduck clam had a small wart on the siphon. In Group C all the inoculation sites except the mantle site on one clam had a wart and/or a blister (Fig. 4). At 84 days post inoculation, two clams in Group A are completely healed and the other three had a slight mark on the mantle (Fig. 5). In Group C one clam had died in late April and ...
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Bank BRI Unit Labokong Watansoppeng Alamat : Jl. Watalipu No. 14, Desa DonriDonri, Watansoppeng, Kab Soppeng, Sulawesi Selatan Call Center BRI : ...
Clam soup List of clam dishes List of fish and seafood soups Köhler, F. (2011). "Corbicula leana". IUCN Red List of Threatened ...
Foster, A.M., Fuller, P., Benson, A., Constant, S., Raikow, D., Larson, J., and Fusaro, A. (30 August 2017). "Corbicula ... Channa marulius Cuban tree frog Cane toad Greenhouse frog Coquí Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Metamasius callizona (bromeliad ...
Appleton C., Kristensen T. K. & Stensgaard A-S. (2009). Corbicula astartina. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ... Corbiculidae Corbicula astartina von Martens, 1860 Sphaeriidae Pisidium pirothi Jickeli, 1881 List of marine molluscs of ...
7 1946 Freshwater bivalves (Mollusca). Corbicula, Sphaerium, Dreissena. Linn. Soc. Synopses of the British Fauna, No. 4 1947 ...
... corbicula (Dall, 1908). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 13 April 2010. Mericella gerda Olsson ... Mericella corbicula (Dall, 1908) Mericella gerda Olsson & Bayer, 1972 Mericella jucunda (Thiele, 1925) Mericella paschalis ( ...
Corbicula Hodges, Dorothy (1952). The Pollen Loads of the Honeybee, Bee Research Association Proctor, M.; Yeo, P.; Lack, A. ( ... corbicula). Bees have other types of modified hairs used to collect pollen, floral oils, or other chemicals from plants, and ...
... corbicula (Dall, 1889). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010. Daphnella corbula ... Daphnella corbicula (Dall, 1889) Daphnella corbula Thiele, 1925 Daphnella crebriplicata (Reeve, 1846) Daphnella cubana Espinosa ...
1987: Corbicula manilensis molusco introducido en Venezuela. Acta Científica Venezolana 38:384-385 Ojasti, Juhani., González ... Condylocardiidae Carditopsis guppy Maury Corbiculidae Corbicula fluminalis (Múller, 1774) (Introduced species) Corbulidae ...
1987: Corbicula manilensis molusco introducido en Venezuela. Acta Científica Venezolana 38:384-385 Martínez E, Rafael. 1983: ... Corbiculidae Corbicula fluminalis (Múller, 1774) (introduced species) Corbulidae Cyanocyclas cuneata Say, 1822 Hyriidae ...
in Thailand Radix auricularia Corbicula producta Filopaludina sp. from Vietnam serves as a second intermediate host for ...
2014). Corbicula fluminea USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL. McCauley, Douglas et. al. (16 January ...
Corbicula is a diminutive of corbis, a basket or pannier. It is the singular, with plural corbiculae, but since at least c. ... The pollen basket or corbicula (plural corbiculae) is part of the tibia on the hind legs of certain species of bees. They use ... and orchid bees have corbiculae. The corbicula is a polished cavity surrounded by a fringe of hairs, into which the bee ... The second edition, 1777, refers to the corbicula simply as the "basket". By 1802 William Kirby had introduced the New Latin ...
Corbicula manilensis in the Mesilla Valley of Texas and New Mexico. Nautilus 80:16-20 1967. Late Quaternary mollusks of the Rio ...
"Small subunit ribosomal DNA suggests that the xenophyophorean Syringammina corbicula isa Foraminiferan". Journal of Eukaryotic ...
Examples are the Asian clam (Corbicula fluminea) and the freshwater shrimp Atyaephyra desmaresti. In November 2002, the Chinese ...
The fauna has an interglacial aspect, and includes Corbicula fluminalis and Pisidium clessini. This site is of critical ...
"First record of Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Czech Republic". Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 64: 1-2. ( ... Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) - non-indigenous in Bohemia since 2000 Sphaeriidae (okružanka rohovitá) Sphaerium ...
Additionally, the fringed hair of its hind legs forms the corbicula, or pollen basket. Queens are between 18 and 21 mm long. ...
Polychlorinated Biphenyl Exposure Causes Gonadal Atrophy and Oxidative Stress in Corbicula fluminea Clams. Toxicol Pathol. 35: ...
... and Corbicula fluminea (family Corbiculidae). The most of the freshwater mollusc endemic species in Cuba might be endangered or ... scarce distribution Corbiculidae Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) - introduced. List of marine molluscs of Cuba Lists of ...
Cohen, R. R. H., Dresler, P.V., Phillips, E.P.J., Cory, R.L. (1984). "The effects of the Asiatic clam, Corbicula fluminea, on ... Phelps, H. L. (1994). "The Asiatic clam (Corbicula fluminea): invasion and system-level ecological change in the Potomac River ...
... corbiculae) of the hind legs. The authors determined that the corbiculae of approaching bees are always empty. Bee corbiculae ...
nov., a valerate-producing anaerobic bacterium isolated from the alimentary canal of a Japanese corbicula clam". International ... Oscillibacter valericigenes is a species of mesophilic bacterium identified in the alimentary canal of Japanese Corbicula clams ...
Competition from the introduced species of mussel, (Corbicula fluminea), may also be a cause for concern. Robison, Henry W.; ...
One of the females carried pollen nectar loads on her corbicula and deposited it into the only open cell. A second female ... These materials are packed in the corbiculae and brought back to the nest. Pollen and nectar foraging trips are on average ... Females returning to the nest with this sticky substance attached to their corbiculae deposit it into the only open brood cell ...
Small Subunit Ribosomal DNA Suggests that the Xenophyophorean Syringammina corbicula1 is a Foraminiferan. Authors. *. JAN ... The SSUrDNA analyses showed that S. corbicula is closely related to Rhizammina algaeformis, a tubular deep-sea foraminiferan. ... rRNA gene sequence of Syringammina corbicula Richardson, a newly described xenophyophorean species from the Cape Verde Plateau ...
Species within the genus Corbicula include: Corbicula africana (Krauss, 1848) Corbicula australis Corbicula fluminalis (O. F. ... Asian clam Corbicula fluviatilis Corbicula japonica Prime, 1864 [1] Corbicula largillierti (Philippi, 1844) Corbicula leana ( ... 1882 Corbicula matannensis Sarasin & Sarasin, 1898 Corbicula moltkiana Prime, 1878 Corbicula occidentalis Meek & Hayden, 1878 ... Prime, 1864) Corbicula linduensis Bollinger, 1914 Corbicula loehensis Kruimel, 1913 Corbicula madagascariensis Smith, ...
Mericella corbicula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cancellariidae, the nutmeg snails. ... Mericella corbicula (Dall, 1908). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 6 April 2010.. ...
Elachista corbicula is a moth of the Elachistidae family that is found in Australia. Lauri Kaila. "Elachistine Moths of ...
Daphnella corbicula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. D. corbicula can be found ... Daphnella corbicula (Dall, 1889). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 5 April 2010. Tunnell, John W., Jr., ...
Corbicula fluviatilis is a freshwater clam from family Corbiculidae. IUCN red list - not evaluated (NE) 2006 IUCN Red List of ... PAN Pesticides Database - Chemical Toxicity Studies IceAge Molluscs: A review of the occurrence of Corbicula in the Pleistocene ...
Vexillum (Costellaria) (Costellaria) corbicula is a species of small sea snail, marine gastropod mollusk in the family ... 1-100 page(s): 26 Gastropods.com : Vexillum (Costellaria) corbicula; accessed : 6 December 2010. ... Vexillum corbicula (Sowerby II, 1870). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 6 December 2010. Drivas, J. & M. ...
Corbicula japonica is an edible species of brackishwater clam, a bivalve mollusk in the family Cyrenidae, the basket clams. The ...
In Korean cuisine, Corbicula leana are used in a clam soup known as jaecheop-guk. Jaecheop-guk Jaecheop-sujebi Köhler, F. (2011 ... Corbicula leana, known as chamjaecheop (참재첩; "true jaecheop") in Korean and as mashijimi (真蜆; "true shijimi") in Japanese, is a ... "Corbicula leana". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T189564A8748990. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS. ...
Diodora corbicula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Fissurellidae, the keyhole limpets and ... 180]. Bouchet, P. (2012). Diodora corbicula (Sowerby, 1862). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www. ...
Corbicula fluminalis is a species of freshwater clam, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Corbiculidae. This species is ... The scientific names themselves are also sometimes confused in the literature (e.g. by being called "Corbicula fluminata"). ... distinct from, but often confused with, the rather similar species Corbicula fluminea. Even though both species are native to ...
4: Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea" Typical specimen of C. fluminea Typical specimen of C. fluminalis Anatomy of Corbicula ... Corbicula fluminalis List of introduced molluscs species of Venezuela Bouchet, P. (2015). Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, ... Corbicula fluminea is a species of freshwater clam, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Cyrenidae. This species is often ... Corbicula fluminea (Muller 1774) (Corbiculidae) en el Alto Valle del Río Negro. I Congreso Argentino de Malacología, UNLP, La ...
Corbicula fluminea in Florida. Nautilus 77:105-107.. Heard, W.H. 1966. Further records of Corbicula fluminea (Müller) in the ... Corbicula fluminea in Lake Erie. Nautilus 95:83-84.. Clench, W.J. 1971. Corbicula manilensis Philippi in Oklahoma. Nautilus 85: ... Salinity relationships in Corbicula fluminea (Müller). Proceedings First International Corbicula Symposium. Texas Christian ... Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774). Common name: Asian clam. Synonyms and Other Names: Asiatic clam, golden clam, good ...
Although the Asian clam Corbicula flumineais recognized as one of the most problematic aquatic IAS,... ... Soft tissues from different Corbicula populations, plus soft tissues from a native clam, tuna and Corbicula shell powder were ... Treatments containing C. fluminea soft tissues (i.e., Corbicula Minho and Corbicula Lima) were used to test if the species ... Results of the present study suggest that the treatments containing C. fluminea (i.e., Corbicula Minho and Corbicula Lima) had ...
... Bibliographie. E. Fournier1, C. Adam1, J.C. Massabuau2 ... In filter feeders, such as the freshwater bivalve Corbicula fluminea, the ventilatory activity is a primary limiting step that ... and algal-bound Se on the ventilatory activity of Corbicula fluminea and to evaluate the Se bioaccumulation. All experiments ...
Corbicula fluminea from an upstream reach with little Cladophora was translocated to a downstream reach with high Cladophora ... The Asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea is a filter-feeding habitat generalist. Carbon isotopic composition (δ13C) of C. fluminea ... The Asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea is a filter-feeding habitat generalist. Carbon isotopic composition (δ13C) of C. fluminea ... Corbicula fluminea from an upstream reach with little Cladophora was translocated to a downstream reach with high Cladophora ...
Potential effects of Asian clam (Corbicula fluminea) die-offs on native freshwater mussels (Unionidae) I: water-column ammonia ...
Corbicula fluminea Histology Adductor muscles Digestive gland Gills Bisphenol-A This is a preview of subscription content, log ... Way, C. M., Hornback, D. J., Miller-War, C. A., Payne, B. S. & Miller, A. C. Dynamics of filter feeding in Corbicula flumnea ( ... Doherty, F. G. The Asiatic clam, Corbicula spp as a biological monitor in freshwater environments. Environ. Monit. Assess. 15, ... Britton, J. C. & Morton, B. in A dissection guide, field and laboratory manual for the introduced bivalve Corbicula fluminea. ...
Biochemical composition, Extractive components in the total tissues of brackish water clam Corbicula japonica were analyzed on ... Comparative physio-chemical study on environmental tolerance of Corbicula japonica. Research Project ... Comparative physio-chemical study on environmental tolerance of Corbicula japonica. ...
Luxury Ochazuke Set (Red snapper, Blowfish, Clam, Salmon, Eel, Seaweed, Shrimp, Corbicula, Charcoal Chicken,Cod, mentaiko and ... Description of Luxury Ochazuke Set (Red snapper, Blowfish, Clam, Salmon, Eel, Seaweed, Shrimp, Corbicula, Charcoal Chicken,Cod ...
10 km) site more influenced by industrial pollution point at the influence of water quality on Corbiculas recruitment and ... Benthic individuals and drifting planktonic juveniles of Corbicula fluminea were sampled in the Lower Delta of the Paraná River ... Gonadal cycle of Corbicula fluminea (Bivalvia: Corbiculidae) in Pampean streams (Southern Neotropical Region). Luciana Cao, ... Accumulation of trace elements and growth responses in Corbicula fluminea downstream of a coal-fired power plant.. Gretchen ...
Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam) The freshwater Asian clam, Corbicula fluminea, is native to Southeast Asia. Introduced to North ...
Figure E: Corbicula sp. This bivalve genus has been recorded as a second intermediate host for E. echinatum (=lindoense). Image ...
Corbicula Symposium Proc.. White, David S. 1978. The nearctic species of Optioservus with descriptions of new types. Syst. ... Assessment of Corbicula manilensis (Philippi) (Pelecypoda:Corbiculidae) as an intermediate host for digenia in Lake Texoma. ... The effect of water-level flucutations on Corbicula manilensis and other pelecypods in Lake Texoma, Texas and Oklahoma. First ... The effect of reservoir fluctuations on populations of Corbicula manilensis (Pelecypoda:Corbiculidae). Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci. ...
Corbicula japonica Criteria 2. ,Aves,. Apus pacificus (Pacific Swift)[Br/Ne]. Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock-thrush)[Br/Ne]. ...
  • In the familiar honey bees and bumblebees, the scopa is replaced by the pollen basket (corbicula). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bumble bees are easily recognized by the corbicula (pollen basket) on the hind tibiae in the females. (ufl.edu)
  • The pollen basket or corbicula (plural corbiculae) is part of the tibia on the hind legs of certain species of bees. (wikipedia.org)
  • A century later, the authors of "Imms" included only the terms scopa and corbicula in the index, with "pollen basket" in the text. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, the fringed hair of its hind legs forms the corbicula, or pollen basket. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bee visits are several minutes in duration, during which time small portions of the gleba are collected and stored in the pollen basket (corbiculae) of the hind legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The corbicula (pollen basket) on the hind legs of females (queens and workers) is covered with yellow-red hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • A key characteristic of Bombus vestalis is the lack of corbiculae or a pollen basket on the hind legs of the bee. (wikipedia.org)
  • Variation in the pattern is considerable, but the form B. erzurumensis f. oezbeki (earlier considered a separate species, B. oezbeki) has white fur on the face and the corbiculae (pollen basket) is covered with red hairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the beginning of the 20th century, the modern native distribution of the genus Corbicula was confined in Asia, Africa, and Australia (Sousa et al. (springeropen.com)
  • 2007 ]). Nowadays, the genus Corbicula has colonized almost all over the world (Renard et al. (springeropen.com)
  • Therefore, more information on genus Corbicula in its native range will help solve this confusion. (springeropen.com)
  • In China, the genus Corbicula has been consumed as food since ancient times (Liao et al. (springeropen.com)
  • 1979 ]). However, the taxonomy and systematicness of the genus Corbicula were poorly understood. (springeropen.com)
  • A new, unknown clam of the genus Corbicula is the third to reach the US from Asia. (eurekalert.org)
  • The new invader is a member of the genus Corbicula , which was first observed in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1924. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is more likely to be present when the larvae of the northern dusky salamander (Desmognathus fuscus) are present and less likely in streams where the Asiatic mussel (Corbicula sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female bumble bees transport pollen on a flattened section on their hind legs called the corbicula. (osu.edu)
  • Soft tissues from different Corbicula populations, plus soft tissues from a native clam, tuna and Corbicula shell powder were offered to consumers. (springer.com)
  • Beds of Ostrea and Corbicula shells are common in the basal, brackish water portion of the formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • A separate clonal population of Corbicula has been reported for one location in the Illinois River (Tiemann et al 2017). (usgs.gov)
  • Corbicula also can hybridize with other Corbicula taxa, further complicating the task of classifying them, Tiemann said. (eurekalert.org)
  • As a result, we use the word 'form' to distinguish different taxa within a group, as is the case with Corbicula . (eurekalert.org)
  • Additionally they are identifiable by their lack of a functional worker corbiculae, elongated gut, fewer olfactory discs, and through their unique cleptobiotic behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two color morphs of Corbicula sympatric in Datong Lake were compared by both morphometric methods (shell length, shell height, and shell width) and genetic analysis (based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene COI -mtCOI) to explore their taxonomic relationship. (springeropen.com)
  • With Corbicula , the nuclear DNA tells one story, but the mitochondrial DNA can suggest something different," he said. (eurekalert.org)
  • The pollen is transferred to the pollen comb on the hind legs and then combed, pressed, compacted, and transferred to the corbicula on the outside surface of the tibia of the hind legs. (wikipedia.org)