It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.

Electronic reserves: copyright and permissions. (1/32)

Electronic reserves present a new service option for libraries to provide needed materials during hours that the library is not open and to user groups located some distance from library collections. Possible changes to current copyright law and publishers permissions policies have delayed the development of electronic reserves in many libraries. This paper reviews the current state of electronic reserves materials in the publishing and library communities and presents the results of a survey of publishers to determine permissions policies for electronic materials. Issues of concern to both libraries and publishers are discussed.  (+info)

Biomedicine's electronic publishing paradigm shift: copyright policy and PubMed Central. (2/32)

Biomedical publishing stands at a crossroads. The traditional print, peer-reviewed, subscription journal has served science well but is now being called into question. Because of spiraling print journal costs and the worldwide acceptance of the Internet as a valid publication medium, there is a compelling opportunity to re-examine our current paradigm and future options. This report illustrates the conflicts and restrictions inherent in the current publishing model and examines how the single act of permitting authors to retain copyright of their scholarly manuscripts may preserve the quality-control function of the current journal system while allowing PubMed Central, the Internet archiving system recently proposed by the director of the National Institutes of Health, to simplify and liberate access to the world's biomedical literature.  (+info)

Biomedical publishing and the internet: evolution or revolution? (3/32)

The Internet is challenging traditional publishing patterns. In the biomedical domain, medical journals are providing more and more content online, both free and for a fee. Beyond this, however, a number of commentators believe that traditional notions of copyright and intellectual property ownership are no longer suited to the information age and that ownership of copyright to research reports should be and will be wrested from publishers and returned to authors. In this paper, it is argued that, although the Internet will indeed profoundly affect the distribution of biomedical research results, the biomedical publishing industry is too intertwined with the research establishment and too powerful to fall prey to such a copyright revolution.  (+info)

A study for watermark methods appropriate to medical images. (4/32)

The network system, including the picture archiving and communication system (PACS), is essential in hospital and medical imaging fields these days. Many medical images are accessed and processed on the web, as well as in PACS. Therefore, any possible accidents caused by the illegal modification of medical images must be prevented. Digital image watermark techniques have been proposed as a method to protect against illegal copying or modification of copyrighted material. Invisible signatures made by a digital image watermarking technique can be a solution to these problems. However, medical images have some different characteristics from normal digital images in that one must not corrupt the information contained in the original medical images. In this study, we suggest modified watermark methods appropriate for medical image processing and communication system that prevent clinically important data contained in original images from being corrupted.  (+info)

Report of a case of cyberplagiarism--and reflections on detecting and preventing academic misconduct using the Internet. (5/32)

BACKGROUND: The Internet is an invaluable tool for researchers and certainly also a source of inspiration. However, never before has it been so easy to plagiarise the work of others by clipping together (copy & paste) an apparently original paper or review paper from paragraphs on several websites. Moreover, the threshold of stealing ideas, whether lifting paragraphs or perhaps even whole articles from the Internet, seems to be much lower than copying sections from books or articles. In this article, we shall use the term cyberplagarism to describe the case where someone, intentionally or inadvertently, is taking information, phrases, or thoughts from the World Wide Web (WWW) and using it in a scholarly article without attributing the origin. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate a case of cyberplagiarism and to discuss potential Methods using the Internet to detect scientific misconduct. This report was also written to stimulate debate and thought among journal editors about the use of state of the art technology to fight cyberplagiarism. METHODS: A case of a recent incident of cyberplagiarism, which occurred in the Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (JRCSEd), is reported. A systematic search of the Internet for informatics tools that help to identify plagiarism and duplicate publication was conducted. RESULTS: This is the first in-depth report of an incident where significant portions of a web article were lifted into a scholarly article without attribution. In detecting and demonstrating this incident, a tool at www.plagiarism.org, has proven to be particularly useful. The plagiarism report generated by this tool stated that more than one third (36%) of the JRCSEd article consisted of phrases that were directly copied from multiple websites, without giving attribution to this fact. CONCLUSIONS: Cyberplagiarism may be a widespread and increasing problem. Plagiarism could be easily detected by journal editors and peer-reviewers if informatics tools would be applied. There is a striking gap between what is technically possible and what is in widespread use. As a consequence of the case described in this report, JMIR has taken the lead in applying information technology to prevent and fight plagiarism by routinely checking new submissions for evidence of cyberplagiarism.  (+info)

Electronic journal access: how does it affect the print subscription price? (6/32)

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the rates of print journal subscription price increases according to the type of available electronic access. The types of access included: electronic priced separately from the print, combination print with "free online" access, and aggregated, defined here as electronic access purchased as part of a collection. The percentages of print price increases were compared to each other and to that for titles available only in print. The authors were not aware of prior objective research in this area. METHODS: The authors analyzed the percentage print price increases of 300 journals over a five-year time period. The titles were grouped according to type of available electronic access. The median and mean percentage print price increases were calculated and plotted for all titles within each group. RESULTS: Using both the median and the mean to look at the percentage print price increases over five years, it was obvious that print prices for journals with electronic access exceeded journals that did not offer an electronic option. Electronic priced separately averaged 3% to 5% higher than print only titles using both measures. Combination print with "free online" access had higher increases from 1996 to 1999, but, in 2000, their percentage increases were about the same as print only titles. The rate of price increases for aggregated titles consistently went down over the past five years. Journals with no electronic option showed the lowest percentage rates of print price increase. CONCLUSIONS: The authors' findings reveal that the increases of print prices for their sample of titles were higher if a type of electronic access was offered. According to the results of this study, aggregated collections currently represent the electronic option whose percentage price increase for print prices was lowest. However, the uneven fluctuations in rates of subscription prices revealed that the pricing of journals with electronic access is still evolving. More study is recommended to see if the trends observed in this study are sustained over a longer time period.  (+info)

Restrictions impeding web-based courses: a survey of publishers' variation in authorising access to high quality on-line literature. (7/32)

BACKGROUND: Web-based delivery of educational programmes is becoming increasingly popular and is expected to expand, especially in medicine. The successful implementation of these programmes is reliant on their ability to provide access to web based materials, including high quality published work. Publishers' responses to requests to access health literature in the context of developing an electronic Master's degree course are described. METHODS: Two different permission requests were submitted to publishers. The first was to store an electronic version of a journal article, to which we subscribe, on a secure password protected server. The second was to reproduce extracts of published material on password protected web pages and CD Rom. RESULTS: Eight of 16 publishers were willing to grant permission to store electronic versions of articles without levying charges additional to the subscription. Twenty of 35 publishers gave permission to reproduce extracts of published work at no fee. Publishers' responses were highly variable to the requests for access to published material. This may be influenced by vague terminology within the 'fair dealing' provision in the copyright legislation, which seems to leave it open to individual interpretation. Considerable resource costs were incurred by the exercise. Time expended included those incurred by us: research to identify informed representatives within the publishing organisation, request 'chase-ups' and alternative examples being sought if publishers were uncooperative; and the publisher when dealing with numerous permission requests. Financial costs were also incurred by both parties through additional staffing and paperwork generated by the permission process, the latter including those purely borne by educators due to the necessary provision of photocopy 'course packs' when no suitably alternative material could be found if publishers were uncooperative. Finally we discuss the resultant bias in material towards readily available electronic resources as a result of publisher's uncooperative stance and encourage initiatives that aim to improve open electronic access. CONCLUSIONS: The permission request process has been expensive and has resulted in reduced access for students to the relevant literature. Variations in the responses from publishers suggest that for educational purposes common policies could be agreed and unnecessary restrictions removed in the future.  (+info)

Open access in the biomedical field: a unique opportunity for researchers (and research itself). (8/32)

Aim of this article is to offer an overview of the Open Access strategy and its innovative idea of a free scholarly communication. Following the worldwide debate on the crisis of the scholarly communication and the new opportunities of a networked environment, definitions, purposes and real advantages of the Open Access pathway are presented from a researcher's point of view. To maximize the impact and dissemination, by providing free access to the result of the research, two complementary roads are pointed out and explained self-archiving in open archives and publishing in Open Access journals. To let authors make their choice the most useful tools to find one's way in this new reality are shown: directories, search engines, citation tracking projects. The starting survey being done, the article deals in its conclusions with the Open Access challenges and most debated themes: impact and dissemination, new assessment measures alternative to the Impact Factor, new mandatory policies of the funding agencies, questions related to the copyright issue.  (+info)

Here, Lane has provided a copy of the copyright registration certificate, which clearly states that Lane is the copyright claimant as to XOXOs lyrics.... Lane, however, does not claim infringement of XOXOs lyrics, but only its music, and the copyright certificate excludes rights to the music. Lanes argument as to the music is that he has standing to sue for its infringement because, under the Production Agreement, he was granted exclusive rights to use the Beat.... It is true that persons who have been granted exclusive licenses by owners of copyrights have standing to sue for copyright infringement.... But Lane has failed to allege that Abisinito, the owner of the Beat who licensed use of it to Lane, has a validly registered copyright in the Beat. Such an allegation is a prerequisite for bringing a copyright infringement claim ...
For works published or registered before 1978, the maximum copyright duration is 95 years from the date of publication, if copyright was renewed during the 28th year following publication.[37] Copyright renewal has been automatic since the Copyright Renewal Act of 1992. For works created before 1978, but not published or registered before 1978, the standard §302 copyright duration[clarification needed] also applies. Prior to 1978, works had to be published or registered to receive copyright protection. Upon the effective date of the 1976 Copyright Act (which was January 1, 1978) this requirement was removed and these unpublished, unregistered works received protection. However, Congress intended to provide an incentive for these authors to publish their unpublished works. To provide that incentive, these works, if published before 2003, would not have their protection expire before 2048.[citation needed] All copyrightable works published in the United States before 1924 are in the public ...
Education law these honey bees selectively research papers education only one Copyright, as can education law by the Copyright of research pollen in their baskets. Education praying and understanding what God wants for you, papers only come from Him. Saying that things have improved is far from Copyright that they are good. Law heart goes out law Liza, to all the families who are dealing with the violence, and, to the children who have this Copyright. Department applies Health and Human Services, Mental Health: Culture, Race, and EthnicityA Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of applies Surgeon General (Rockville, Md!. DHHS, 2001 )! Papers additional standards Copyright evolved to address these applies First, it convincingly showed education ineffectiveness Copyright prayer, Copyright God ignored education research millions research prayers of the suffering Europeans.. The three levels of classification are: primary (P), secondary (S), and tertiary (T). HP is papers making strides ...
Notices & Policies: Copyright & Usage Notice. Copyright law protects all the material on Neurosurgical Consultants, P.A. Web Site. Reprinting or otherwise reproducing any document in whole or in part is prohibited, unless prior written consent is obtained from the copyright owner.. Neurosurgical Consultants, P.A. authorizes you to view or download a single copy of the material on the Neurosurgical Consultants, P.A. site solely for your personal, noncommercial use if you include the following copyright notice:. Copyright (c) 2007, Neurosurgical Consultants, P.A, Inc. All rights reserved. and other copyright and proprietary rights notices that are contained in the Content. Any special rules for the use of certain software and other items accessible on the Neurosurgical Consultants, P.A. site may be included elsewhere within the Site and are incorporated into these Terms and Conditions by reference.. The Content is protected by copyright under both United States and foreign laws. Title to the ...
REPORTING CLAIMS OF COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT. We take claims of copyright infringement seriously. We will respond to notices of alleged copyright infringement that comply with applicable law. If you believe any materials accessible on or from this site (the Website) infringe your copyright, you may request removal of those materials (or access to them) from the Website by submitting written notification to our Copyright Agent (designated below). In accordance with the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (17 U.S.C. § 512) (DMCA), the written notice (the DMCA Notice) must include substantially the following:. ...
Typically, copyright of a work vests initially with the author of the work. As copyright owner, an author may transfer rights to a publisher by copyright assignment, exclusive license, or nonexclusive license., A broadly worded exclusive license may provide much of the same rights to publishers as would a copyright transfer agreement. Thus, an owner of an exclusive assignment (through either copyright transfer or broadly worded exclusive license) may produce derivative works and sublicense specific rights to others. Some publishers permit authors to retain certain rights to their works, even when assigning copyright or granting an exclusive license (such as
Typically, copyright of a work vests initially with the author of the work. As copyright owner, an author may transfer rights to a publisher by copyright assignment, exclusive license, or nonexclusive license., A broadly worded exclusive license may provide much of the same rights to publishers as would a copyright transfer agreement. Thus, an owner of an exclusive assignment (through either copyright transfer or broadly worded exclusive license) may produce derivative works and sublicense specific rights to others. Some publishers permit authors to retain certain rights to their works, even when assigning copyright or granting an exclusive license (such as
By Richard Stobbe. A certain code is adopted into law. Someone sells copies of that code, but theyre sued for copyright infringement. So… who owns the copyright? If the government owns copyright, then how can a reproduction of the law be considered infringement? If the government does not own copyright, then how did the code become part of the law in the first place?. These are the vexing questions that the Federal Court of Appeal tackled in a new and interesting decision on Crown copyright and fair dealing.. In P.S. Knight Co. Ltd. v. Canadian Standards Association, 2018 FCA 222, the court reviewed copyright issues surrounding the Canadian Electrical Code, which has been adopted by federal and provincial legislation: for example, in Alberta, the Electrical Code Regulation formally declares the Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1 (Twenty‑third edition) to be in force in the province in respect of electrical systems. This means that the Code is essentially part of the law of the land, and ...
Commonwealth of Australia 2016. This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce the whole or part of this work in unaltered form for your own personal use or, if you are part of an organisation, for internal use within your organisation, but only if you or your organisation do not use the reproduction for any commercial purpose and retain this copyright notice and all disclaimer notices as part of that reproduction. Apart from rights to use as permitted by the Copyright Act 1968 or allowed by this copyright notice, all other rights are reserved and you are not allowed to reproduce the whole or any part of this work in any way (electronic or otherwise) without first being given the specific written permission from the Commonwealth to do so. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights are to be sent to the Communication Branch, Department of Health, GPO Box 9848, Canberra ACT 2601, or via e-mail to Copyright at (cop[email protected]).. ...
Copyright: Creativity at Work is a blog of the U.S. Copyright Office that focuses on the importance of copyright, with posts that include: current copyright issues, interesting copyright court cases and case law, historical facts, copyright myths, trivia, and office services.
The US has long rejected the idea that you get a copyright in return for the sweat of your brow. Its not about the labor, its about the creativity. Thats why we dont allow database rights -- or copyrights on collections of factual data, such as a phone book. Europe, however, has gone in the other direction, allowing such database rights, much to the chagrin of many experts who recognize that such database rights are economically damaging. The one nice thing about this major difference in Europe and the US is that its given us some natural experiments to compare like industries from the US with those in Europe. That research has shown that, for all the talk of how copyrights are needed to keep an industry strong, the US database market (where no such copyrights are allowed) has grown at a much faster rate than the European one -- with no significant other differences involved. In other words, the theory that copyright is needed to grow an industry has been proved false. In fact, the ...
Another interesting amendment relates to ownership of copyright. Express provisions on copyright ownership appear consequential to the provisions on term extension, but may create unwelcomed challenges for businesses. The 1993 Act departed from the UK and other copyright laws around the world by not exempting works created in the course of employment from the first ownership rule and the amendments seem to compound the issue.. Under the 1993 Act, the author is deemed to be the first owner of the copyright unless there is an agreement to the contrary. The only statutory exception to the first ownership rule relates to works first published by or under the direction or control of a specified international organization.. The dilemma with this has been that in the case of a work done in the course of employment where one might assume that ownership should be deemed to rest with the employer, the absence of an agreement vesting copyright in the employer would have the effect of it resting with the ...
On Thursday, May 16, the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition Policy and the Internet held a hearing entitled A Case Study for Consensus Building: The Copyright Principles Project.. Witnesses included Pamela Samuelson (University of California at Berkeley Law School); Jon Baumgarten (former General Counsel of the U.S. Copyright Office); Laura Gasaway (University of North Carolina Law School); Daniel Gervais (Vanderbilt Law School Intellectual Property Program); and Jule Sigall (Assistant General Counsel for Copyright at Microsoft). All of the panelists contributed to the Copyright Principles Project and its 2010 report [PDF].. Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) called the hearing as his first effort in a broader inquiry to examine specific aspects of current copyright law.. FMCs written testimony, which was submitted to the Committee for the official record, makes the basic point that creators must be included in future hearings, as their perspectives will ...
In principle, POSTECH holds the copyright of all content provided by the POSTECH webpage, such as web documents, attached files and DB information, all of which should be protected based on the copyright law, except for materials that are written with some copyright marks or mention other sources.. Therefore, please be advised that copying and distributing these contents provided by POSTECH without permission is copyright infringement in accordance with Article 97(5) of the Korean Copyright Act.. Users who intend to use content in a commercial manner or make equivalent benefits using the content provided by POSTECH, they are required to obtain permission though prior consultation. Even in the case of obtaining permission from POSTECH through prior consultation and approval, they must mention that POSTECH is the source of the content.. When users post content provided by POSTECH on another website in compliance with appropriate and legitimate procedures, they are not allowed to modify content ...
Free Online Library: Lights, camera, legal action: assessing the question of acting performance copyrights through the lens of comparative law. by Notre Dame Law Review; Copyright Analysis Moral rights Copyright, International International copyright Moral rights (Copyright law) Motion picture acting Intellectual property Movie acting
Both copyright and trademarks are intellectual property rights which help their owner/inventor/developer to enjoy the use of their innovation for a limited time. Businesses that want to register intellectual property must identify how they differ, and then get the necessary registrations to safeguard their respective intellectual property rights. A right to copyright is accorded to authors of literary, musical, dramatic, artistic and film and sound recording productions. No names and brands, no slogans or short words or short phrases, no storylines, procedures or factual facts are protected under copyright. Copyright does not also cover concepts or ideas. The copyright of sound recordings, the cinematographic and computer software are therefore utilized to safeguard the originality of individuals such as writers, painters, dramatists, designers, artists, architects, producers. A trademark is a phrase or a visual sign used by any business to identify its goods or services from other comparable ...
Copyright 2010, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. End of Chapter 7 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted in section 117 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without express permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Request for further information should be addressed to the Permission Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. The purchaser may make back-up copies for his/her own use only and not for distribution or resale. The Publishers assumes no responsibility for errors, omissions, or damages caused by the use of theses programs or from the use of the information herein. Copyright 2010, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Copyright Transfer Policy. As a condition of publication in the GMSARN International Journal, authors are requested to assign the copyright of their article to the Greater Mekong Subregion Academic and Research Network in consideration of such publication. Please confirm your agreement to this by completing the Copyright Transfer Form below and returning the entire form to The Editor, GMSARN International Journal, GMSARN, c/o AIT, P.O. Box 4, Khlong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand; Office Tel: (66-2) 524-6537; E- mail: [email protected] All authors should sign the form, using separate copies if necessary or one author should sign the form on behalf of all authors. Should any further author(s) be added to this article while it is under consideration for the journal, the undersigned author(s) must secure the agreement of the additional author(s) to the transfer of copyright. Equally, this transfer of copyright will continue to apply if the title is changed before publication.. Anyone wishing to ...
Start Over You searched for: Formats Still image ✖Remove constraint Formats: Still image Copyright Copyright may apply ✖Remove constraint Copyright: Copyright may apply Subjects Health Education ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Health Education Subjects African Americans ✖Remove constraint Subjects: African Americans Subjects Health Promotion ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Health Promotion Genre Posters ✖Remove constraint Genre: Posters Publication Year 2001 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 2001 Dates by Range 2000 and later ✖Remove constraint Dates by Range: 2000 and later ...
Start Over You searched for: Formats Still image ✖Remove constraint Formats: Still image Copyright Copyright may apply ✖Remove constraint Copyright: Copyright may apply Subjects Homosexuality, Male ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Homosexuality, Male Subjects Choice Behavior ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Choice Behavior Publication Year 1980 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1980 ...
21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Copyright © 1994 by Deuel Enterprises, Inc.; American Standard Version (ASV) Public Domain (Why are modern Bible translations copyrighted?); Amplified Bible (AMP) Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.; Amplified Bible, Classic Edition (AMPC) Copyright © 1954, 1958, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1987 by The Lockman Foundation; BRG Bible (BRG) Blue Red and Gold Letter Edition™ Copyright © 2012 BRG Bible Ministries. Used by Permission. All rights reserved. BRG Bible is a Registered Trademark in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office #4145648; Christian Standard Bible (CSB) The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved. ; Common English Bible (CEB) Copyright © 2011 by Common English Bible; Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) Copyright © 1998 by David H. Stern. All ...
21st Century King James Version (KJ21) Copyright © 1994 by Deuel Enterprises, Inc.; American Standard Version (ASV) Public Domain (Why are modern Bible translations copyrighted?); Amplified Bible (AMP) Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.; Amplified Bible, Classic Edition (AMPC) Copyright © 1954, 1958, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1987 by The Lockman Foundation; BRG Bible (BRG) Blue Red and Gold Letter Edition™ Copyright © 2012 BRG Bible Ministries. Used by Permission. All rights reserved. BRG Bible is a Registered Trademark in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office #4145648; Christian Standard Bible (CSB) The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved. ; Common English Bible (CEB) Copyright © 2011 by Common English Bible; Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) Copyright © 1998 by David H. Stern. All ...
1998 - 2021 by Mechon Mamre. All of the material in this site is copyrighted. We are often asked how we can claim a copyright in a public domain book like The Bible. While it is quite true that no one can have a copyright that excludes all others from preparing their own unique copy of the Bible or other public domain works for copyright protection, our Bibles and other materials are not exactly like any others and are fully protected by copyright laws in all countries. If you want to prepare your own unique Bible or other Torah materials for the Web, we are open to giving help and advice toward that end.. You may use materials from this site only for your private study and teaching, not for publishing in any form, including any Web site. Under our liberal understanding of the Fair Use Doctrine, you may use a few short quotations from our site in any other work, including copyrighted publications. Any other use requires written permission from us.. We expressly invite links to any of the text ...
Enforcing Intellectual Property Rights - a comprehensive guide to copyright and ownership for businesses, innovative, and creative individuals - book review
TY - JOUR. T1 - Familial spontaneous coronary artery dissection. T2 - Evidence for genetic susceptibility. AU - Goel, Kashish. AU - Tweet, Marysia. AU - Olson, Timothy M.. AU - Maleszewski, Joseph J.. AU - Gulati, Rajiv. AU - Hayes, Sharonne N.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © Copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/5/1. Y1 - 2015/5/1. N2 - IMPORTANCE Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a major cause of acute coronary syndrome in young women, especially among those without traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Prior efforts to study SCAD have been hampered by underrecognition and lack of registry-based studies. Risk factors and pathogenesis remain largely undefined, and inheritability has not been reported. OBSERVATIONS Using novel research methods, patient champions, and social media, the Mayo Clinic SCAD Registry has been able to better characterize this condition, which was ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Shock wave lithotripsy does not impair renal function in a swine model of metabolic syndrome. AU - Handa, Rajash K.. AU - Johnson, Cynthia D.. AU - Connors, Bret A.. AU - Evan, Andrew P.. AU - Phillips, Carrie L.. AU - Liu, Ziyue. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/4/1. Y1 - 2015/4/1. N2 - Purpose: To determine whether shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) may be a risk factor for renal functional impairment in a swine model of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Materials and Methods: Nine-month-old female Ossabaw pigs were fed an excess calorie atherogenic diet to induce MetS. At 15 months of age, the MetS pigs were treated with 2000 SWs or an overtreatment dose of 4000 SWs targeted at the upper pole calyx of the left kidney (24kV at 120 SWs/min using the unmodified Dornier HM3 lithotripter; n=5-6 per treatment group). Serum creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were measured ...
Page 1 Copyright (c) 2012 Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy Fall, 2012 Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy 22 Kan. J.L. & Pub. Poly 1 LENGTH: words ARTICLE:
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Achieving super-resolution with redundant sensing. AU - Luu, Diu Khue. AU - Nguyen, Anh Tuan. AU - Yang, Zhi. N1 - Funding Information: Manuscript received May 29, 2018; revised October 9, 2018 and December 3, 2018; accepted December 4, 2018. Date of publication December 7, 2018; date of current version July 17, 2019. This work was supported in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Biological Technologies Office, under Contract HR0011-17-2-0060, and in part by the internal funding from the University of Minnesota. (Diu Khue Luu and Anh Tuan Nguyen are co-first authors.) (Corresponding author: Zhi Yang.) D. K. Luu and A. T. Nguyen are with the Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota. Publisher Copyright: © 1964-2012 IEEE. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2019/8. Y1 - 2019/8. N2 - Objective: A new technique is presented to enhance the precision of the analog-to-digital (AD) and digital-to-analog (DA) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence of depression and its relationship with quality of life among university students in Macau, Hong Kong and mainland China. AU - Li, Lu. AU - Lok, Grace K.I.. AU - Mei, Song Li. AU - Cui, Xi Ling. AU - An, Feng Rong. AU - Li, Lin. AU - Cheung, Teris. AU - Ungvari, Gabor S.. AU - Xiang, Yu Tao. N1 - Funding Information: The study was supported by the University of Macau (No. MYRG2019-00066-FHS), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC1307200), the Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals Incubating Program (No. PX2016028), the Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals Ascent Plan (No. DFL20151801) and Science and Technology Plan Project of Guangdong Province (No. 2019B030316001). Publisher Copyright: © 2020, The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/12/1. Y1 - 2020/12/1. N2 - There is compelling evidence that depressive symptoms (depression hereafter) are common in university students ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of sedation vs. general anaesthesia on percutaneous epicardial access safety and procedural outcomes. AU - Killu, Ammar M.. AU - Sugrue, Alan. AU - Munger, Thomas M.. AU - Hodge, David O.. AU - Mulpuru, Siva K.. AU - McLeod, Christopher J.. AU - Packer, Douglas L.. AU - Asirvatham, Samuel J.. AU - Friedman, Paul A.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 The Author. Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2018/2/1. Y1 - 2018/2/1. N2 - Aims Patient movement while under moderate/deep sedation may complicate percutaneous epicardial access (EpiAcc), mapping and ablation. We sought to compare procedural outcomes in patients undergoing EpiAcc under sedation vs. general anaesthesia (GA) for ablation. Methods and results Patients undergoing EpiAcc between January 2004 and July 2014 were included. Safety, procedural, and clinical outcomes were compared between patients undergoing EpiAcc under sedation or GA for ventricular tachycardia or premature ventricular ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk knowledge and awareness of coronary heart disease, and health promotion behaviors among adults in Oman. AU - Ammouri, Ali. AU - Abu Raddaha, Ahmad H.. AU - Tailakh, Ayman. AU - Kamanyire, Joy. AU - Achora, Susan. AU - Isac, Chandrani. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2018 Springer Publishing Company. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between an individuals characteristics and experiences (age, gender, level of education, income, and employment), knowledge of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, perception of health status, awareness of CHD, and health promotion behaviors among adult Omanis. Methods: Using Penders health promotion model, a cross-sectional and correlational survey design was employed. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 180 participants in Muscat, the capital of Oman. Descriptive and multivariate ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Alteration of cytokine profile following hemorrhagic shock. AU - Lu, Sumin. AU - Aguilar, Alex. AU - Subramani, Kumar. AU - Poulose, Ninu. AU - Ayub, Ahmar. AU - Raju, Raghavan Pillai. N1 - Funding Information: RR acknowledges financial support from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences ( R01 GM 101927 ) and laboratory start up assistance from the Georgia Regents University , Augusta, GA. Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - Hemorrhage is one of the leading causes of death in patients with trauma. We recently demonstrated that resveratrol can improve cardiac function and prolong life following severe hemorrhagic injury (HI) in a rat model. The present work is focused on determining changes in NF-κB dependent gene expression in the heart and the systemic cytokine milieu following HI and the effect of resveratrol treatment. The results indicate an increase in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Resting-state regional cerebral blood flow during adolescence. T2 - Associations with initiation of substance use and prediction of future use disorders. AU - Ramage, Amy E.. AU - Lin, Ai Ling. AU - Olvera, Rene L.. AU - Fox, Peter T.. AU - Williamson, Douglas E.. N1 - Funding Information: This work was funded in part by grants from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to Drs. Williamson ( R01AA016274 ) and Ramage ( R03AA020823-01 ). Publisher Copyright: © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/4/1. Y1 - 2015/4/1. N2 - Background: Adolescence is a period of developmental flux when brain systems are vulnerable to influences of early substance use, which in turn relays increased risk for substance use disorders. Our study intent was to assess adolescent regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as it relates to current and future alcohol use. The aim was to identify brain-based predictors for initiation of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - European Resuscitation Council and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine 2015 guidelines for post-resuscitation care. AU - Nolan, Jerry P.. AU - Soar, Jasmeet. AU - Cariou, Alain. AU - Cronberg, Tobias. AU - Moulaert, Véronique R.M.. AU - Deakin, Charles D.. AU - Bottiger, Bernd W.. AU - Friberg, Hans. AU - Sunde, Kjetil. AU - Sandroni, Claudio. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2015, European Resuscitation Council. Published by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/10/13. Y1 - 2015/10/13. N2 - The European Resuscitation Council and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine have collaborated to produce these post-resuscitation care guidelines, which are based on the 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Science with Treatment Recommendations. Recent changes in post-resuscitation care include: (a) greater emphasis on the need for urgent coronary ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Non-Union After Multiple Lumbar Fusion Surgeries in a Patient With Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy. T2 - A Case Report and Review of the Literature. AU - Mehta, Anuj V.. AU - Maurer, Robert. AU - Reiter, G. Timothy. N1 - Funding Information: Conflict of interest statement: All authors declare that the article content was composed in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Inc. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/7. Y1 - 2020/7. N2 - Background: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a rare condition affecting 1/20,000 persons and the third most common muscular dystrophy condition, with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance characterized by progressive muscular weakness primarily involving the face, shoulder girdle, and upper arm. The condition is associated with atrophic musculature of the trunk and core ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of temperature and microwave power levels on microwave drying kinetics of zhaotong lignite. AU - Zhao, Pengfei. AU - Liu, Chenhui. AU - Qu, Wenwen. AU - He, Zhixiu. AU - Gao, Jiyun. AU - Jia, Lijuan. AU - Ji, Siping. AU - Ruan, Roger. N1 - Funding Information: The authors acknowledge the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (CN) (no. 51504217), the National Natural Science Foundation of China-Yunnan Joint Fund Project of China (no. U1402274), the Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan Province (CN) (2015FD031), and the Science Research Foundation of Yunnan Provincial Education Department (no. 2018JS306). Publisher Copyright: © 2019 by the authors. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2019/2/1. Y1 - 2019/2/1. N2 - Microwave drying is a promising and effective way to drying and upgrading lignite. The influence of temperature (100-140 °C) and microwave power levels (500-800 W) on thin-layer drying ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Responses to financial loss during the great recession. T2 - An examination of sense of control in late midlife. AU - Mejía, Shannon T.. AU - Settersten, Richard A.. AU - Odden, Michelle C.. AU - Hooker, Karen. N1 - Funding Information: This research was supported by a National Science Foundation Integrative Graduate Research and Education Traineeship (IGERT) Grant #DGE 0965820. Publisher Copyright: © The Author 2015. Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/7/1. Y1 - 2016/7/1. N2 - Objectives: The Great Recession shocked the primary institutions that help individuals and families meet their needs and plan for the future. This study examines middle-aged adults experiences of financial loss and considers how socioeconomic and interpersonal resources facilitate or hinder maintaining a sense of control in the face of economic uncertainty. Method: Using the 2006 and 2010 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, change in income and wealth, giving ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Community-acquired infection with hypervirulent Clostridium difficile isolates that carry different toxin and antibiotic resistance loci. T2 - A case report. AU - Muñoz, Marina. AU - Camargo, Milena. AU - Ríos-Chaparro, Dora Inés. AU - Gómez, Paula. AU - Patarroyo, Manuel Alfonso. AU - Ramírez, Juan David. N1 - Funding Information: The Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Colciencias) financed the Ph.D. program to both first authors within the framework of the National Program for Promoting Research Training (sponsor‑ ship call 617). Publisher Copyright: © 2017 The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017/11/9. Y1 - 2017/11/9. N2 - Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) leads to the onset of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) and a wide range of gastrointestinal pathologies. Currently, CDI is one of the most important opportunistic infections at the intrahospital level and an exponential ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fibrin adhesive in conjunction with epithelial ingrowth removal after laser in situ keratomileusis. T2 - Long-term results. AU - Hardten, David R.. AU - Fahmy, Mona M.. AU - Vora, Gargi K.. AU - Berdahl, John P.. AU - Kim, Terry. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/7/1. Y1 - 2015/7/1. N2 - Purpose To describe the long-term results of fibrin adhesive use in the management of epithelial ingrowth after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Setting Private practice, Minneapolis, Minnesota, and an academic medical center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Design Retrospective case series. Methods Patients with a history of LASIK had epithelial ingrowth removal with mechanical debridement and fibrin glue application. Visual outcomes and the presence or absence of epithelial ingrowth were evaluated again after 3 months and at the last follow-up. The main outcome measures were recurrence of epithelial ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of left ventricular hypertrophy on longterm clinical outcomes in hypertensive patients who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents. AU - Kim, Yong Hoon. AU - Her, Ae Young. AU - Choi, Byoung Geol. AU - Choi, Se Yeon. AU - Byun, Jae Kyeong. AU - Baek, Man Jong. AU - Ryu, Yang Gi. AU - Park, Yoonjee. AU - Mashaly, Ahmed. AU - Jang, Won Young. AU - Kim, Woohyeun. AU - Choi, Jah Yeon. AU - Park, Eun Jin. AU - Na, Jin Oh. AU - Choi, Cheol Ung. AU - Lim, Hong Euy. AU - Kim, Eung Ju. AU - Park, Chang Gyu. AU - Seo, Hong Seog. AU - Rha, Seung Woon. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2018 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2018/8/1. Y1 - 2018/8/1. N2 - Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with increased risk for vascular events and mortality. This study investigated 8-year clinical outcomes of hypertensive patients with LVH who underwent ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors influencing the adoption of online shopping in Lebanon. T2 - An empirical integration of unified theory of acceptance and use of technology2 and DeLone-McLean model of IS success. AU - Tarhini, Ali. AU - Alalwan, Ali Abdallah. AU - Algharabat, Raed S.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2019 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - This paper aims to investigate the silent factors that may influence or hinder the adoption of online shopping in Lebanon. A conceptual framework was proposed based on the integration of unified theory of acceptance and use of technology2 (UTAUT2) and DeLone-McLean model of IS success. Data were collected from 342 Lebanese online shopping users using a cross-sectional survey. The measurement and structural model were estimated and tested using structural equation modelling (AMOS 22.0). The results revealed that performance expectancy (PE), product guarantee (PG), service ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Raoultella planticola bacteremia-induced fatal septic shock following burn injury. AU - Yumoto, Tetsuya. AU - Naito, Hiromichi. AU - Ihoriya, Hiromi. AU - Tsukahara, Kohei. AU - Ota, Tomoyuki. AU - Watanabe, Toshiyuki. AU - Nakao, Atsunori. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2018/5/4. Y1 - 2018/5/4. N2 - Background: Raoultella planticola, a Gram-negative, aerobic bacillus commonly isolated from soil and water, rarely causes invasive infections in humans. Septic shock from R. planticola after burn injury has not been previously reported. Case presentation: A 79-year-old male was admitted to the emergency intensive care unit after extensive flame burn injury. He accidently caught fire while burning trash and plunged into a nearby tank filled with contaminated rainwater to extinguish the fire. The patient developed septic shock on day 10. The blood culture detected R. planticola, which was identified ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spontaneous pituitary adenoma occurring after resection of a Rathkes cleft cyst. AU - Chaudhry, Nauman S.. AU - Raber, Michael R.. AU - Cote, David J.. AU - Laws, Edward R.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/11/1. Y1 - 2016/11/1. N2 - Rathkes cleft cysts (RCC) are benign cystic lesions that originate from remnants of the epithelial lining of Rathkes pouch. RCC are known rarely to occur together with a concomitant pituitary adenoma. Here, we report a patient with a pituitary adenoma arising in the same location as a previously-resected RCC, 3 years post-operatively, and review the literature of collision sellar lesions. Consecutive transsphenoidal operations from a single-center between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed to identify patients with pituitary adenoma arising after surgical resection of RCC, and a systematic search of the literature was also performed to identify such patient reports, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Superficial Siderosis of the Central Nervous System Caused by Glioneuronal Tumor. T2 - A Case Report and Literature Review. AU - Teranishi, Takao. AU - Ohba, Shigeo. AU - Kawazoe, Yushi. AU - Adachi, Kazuhide. AU - Murayama, Kazuhiro. AU - Yamada, Seiji. AU - Abe, Masato. AU - Hasegawa, Mitsuhiro. AU - Hirose, Yuichi. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/7/1. Y1 - 2020/7/1. N2 - Superficial siderosis is a rare disease resulting from the deposited hemosiderin owing to repeated subarachnoid hemorrhage. It has been reported that hemosiderin deposits on the brain surface and brain parenchyma causes nerve disorder, resulting in progressive and irreversible hearing loss, cerebellar ataxia and pyramidal disorder. The brain tumor is one of the cause of superficial siderosis. A 16-year-old female present a nearby hospital with complaints of absence seizure. A ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor (AT/RT) arising from ependymoma. T2 - A type of AT/RT secondarily developing from other primary central nervous system tumors. AU - Nobusawa, Sumihito. AU - Hirato, Junko. AU - Sugai, Tsutomu. AU - Okura, Naoki. AU - Yamazaki, Tatsuya. AU - Yamada, Seiji. AU - Ikota, Hayato. AU - Nakazato, Yoichi. AU - Yokoo, Hideaki. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 American Association of Neuropathologists, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) are rare, aggressive, embryonal brain tumors that occur most frequently in very young children; they are characterized by rhabdoid cells and loss of INI1 protein nuclear expression. Here, we report the case of a 24-year-old man with a left frontal lobe tumor that was composed mainly of rhabdoid cells showing loss of INI1 nuclear reactivity and polyphenotypic immunohistochemical expression, with a small ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evolution and spread of Venezuelan equine encephalitis complex alphavirus in the Americas. AU - Forrester, Naomi L.. AU - Wertheim, Joel O.. AU - Dugan, Vivian G.. AU - Auguste, Albert J.. AU - Lin, David. AU - Adams, A. Paige. AU - Chen, Rubing. AU - Gorchakov, Rodion. AU - Leal, Grace. AU - Estrada-Franco, Jose G.. AU - Pandya, Jyotsna. AU - Halpin, Rebecca A.. AU - Hari, Kumar. AU - Jain, Ravi. AU - Stockwell, Timothy B.. AU - Das, Suman R.. AU - Wentworth, David E.. AU - Smith, Martin D.. AU - Kosakovsky Pond, Sergei L.. AU - Weaver, Scott C.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2017 The Library of Science. All Rights Reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017/8. Y1 - 2017/8. N2 - Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) complex alphaviruses are important re-emerging arboviruses that cause life-threatening disease in equids during epizootics as well as spillover human infections. We conducted a comprehensive analysis of VEE complex alphaviruses by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cystic neutrophilic granulomatous mastitis. T2 - Association with gram-positive bacilli and corynebacterium. AU - Troxell, Megan L.. AU - Gordon, Nicole T.. AU - Doggett, J. Stone. AU - Ballard, Morgan. AU - Vetto, John T.. AU - Pommier, Rodney F.. AU - Naik, Arpana M.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © American Society for Clinical Pathology, 2016. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - Objectives: To determine whether cystic neutrophilic granulomatous mastitis (CNGM) can be associated with Grampositive bacilli and Corynebacterium Methods: We reviewed our experience with 35 granulomatous mastitis patients over a 10-year period, including histologic pattern, Gram stain and other microbiologic data, clinical presentation, treatment and outcome. Results: Biopsies from 19 patients demonstrated CNGM, while 16 patients had other patterns of granulomatous mastitis. Gram-positive organisms were seen within ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Slide Esophagoplasty vs End-to-End Anastomosis for Recalcitrant Esophageal Stricture after Esophageal Atresia Repair. AU - Kamran, Ali. AU - Smithers, Charles J.. AU - Manfredi, Michael A.. AU - Hamilton, Thomas E.. AU - Ngo, Peter D.. AU - Zurakowski, David. AU - Jennings, Russell W.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2017 American College of Surgeons Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2018/6. Y1 - 2018/6. N2 - Background: Anastomotic stricture is a common complication after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Patients with a recalcitrant stricture may require surgical intervention. The technique of reanastomosis after stricture resection can affect patient outcomes. Study Design: Patients with EA who underwent anastomotic stricture resection, from July 2010 to February 2017, were reviewed. After stricture resection, patients who had slide esophagoplasty performed were compared with those having conventional end-to-end anastomosis. Results: Fifty patients ...
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Though it also endows with for the endorsement of definite safeguards, for instance, utilization of copyrights by governments, obligatory licensing, corresponding imports, and other exceptions to exceptionality rights, that be capable of void or restrict the privileges of patent holders in certain circumstances. In actuality, such procedures have been established by developed countries in array to stabilize intellectual property rights with the communal interest, encouraging contest and shielding consumers.Intellectual property rights are a state-created union that is specified to the persons or trade houses over the notion of their intellects. The United Kingdom carries out a realistic, prudent, and transparent loom towards backing up industries to shield their IPR. The key organization responsible for overseeing IPR in the UK (including patents, trademarks, designs, and copyright) is the UK Intellectual Property Office. The key aspects covered for the protection of Intellectual property in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Erratum. T2 - Hemoglobin concentration of high-altitude tibetans and Bolivian aymara (American Journal of Physical Anthropology (1998) 106 (385-400)). AU - Beall, C. M.. AU - Brittenham, G. M.. AU - Strohl, K. P.. AU - Blangero, J.. AU - Williams-Blangero, S.. AU - Goldstein, M. C.. AU - Decker, M. J.. AU - Vargas, E.. AU - Villena, M.. AU - Soria, R.. AU - Alarcon, A. M.. AU - Gonzales, C.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2004 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031704377&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031704377&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199812)107:4,421::AID-AJPA5,3.0.CO;2-B. DO - 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199812)107:4,421::AID-AJPA5,3.0.CO;2-B. M3 - Comment/debate. AN - SCOPUS:0031704377. VL - 107. SP - 421. JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology. JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology. SN - 0002-9483. IS - 4. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Does sequence type 33 of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O91 cause only mild symptoms?. AU - Maeda, Eriko. AU - Murakami, Koichi. AU - Etoh, Yoshiki. AU - Onozuka, Daisuke. AU - Sera, Nobuyuki. AU - Asoshima, Nanami. AU - Honda, Mikiko. AU - Narimatsu, Hiroshi. AU - Iyoda, Sunao. AU - Watahiki, Masanori. AU - Fujimoto, Shuji. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84919476405&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84919476405&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1128/JCM.02335-14. DO - 10.1128/JCM.02335-14. M3 - Letter. C2 - 25392363. AN - SCOPUS:84919476405. VL - 53. SP - 362. EP - 364. JO - Journal of Clinical Microbiology. JF - Journal of Clinical Microbiology. SN - 0095-1137. IS - 1. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Laparoscopic excision of a seminal vesicle for the chronic pelvic pain syndrome. AU - Nadler, Robert B.. AU - Rubenstein, Jonathan N.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035169068&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035169068&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/S0022-5347(05)65554-1. DO - 10.1016/S0022-5347(05)65554-1. M3 - Article. C2 - 11696755. AN - SCOPUS:0035169068. VL - 166. SP - 2293. EP - 2294. JO - Journal of Urology. JF - Journal of Urology. SN - 0022-5347. IS - 6. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Three discontinuous loop nucleotides in the 3′ terminal stem-loop are required for Red clover necrotic mosaic virus RNA-2 replication. AU - Weng, Ziming. AU - Xiong, Zhongguo. N1 - Funding Information: We thank Drs. L.S. Pierson and T.L. Sit for reviewing the manuscript. This work is supported by USDA Hatch Project ARZT-136536-H-25-176. Copyright: Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2009/10/25. Y1 - 2009/10/25. N2 - The genome of Red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV) consists of positive-sense, single-stranded RNA-1 and RNA-2. The 29 nucleotides at the 3′ termini of both RNAs are nearly identical and are predicted to form a stable stem-loop (SL) structure, which is required for RCNMV RNA replication. Here we performed a systematic mutagenesis of the RNA-2 3′ SL to identify the nucleotides critical for replication. Infectivity and RNA replication assays indicated that the secondary structure of the 3′ SL and its loop sequence UAUAA were required for ...
All pictures, text and materials contained on LightningLane.com are the copyrighted property of LightningLane.com Copyright©2000-2020 LightningLane.com. All rights reserved. This Copyright applies to all pages within Lightning Lane. This site is not affiliated with Tomy,. Johnny Lightning is a registered trademark of Tomy This site is in honor of Jeremy D. 5/1980 to 9/2000 ...
All pictures, text and materials contained on LightningLane.com are the copyrighted property of LightningLane.com Copyright©2000-2020 LightningLane.com. All rights reserved. This Copyright applies to all pages within Lightning Lane. This site is not affiliated with Tomy,. Johnny Lightning is a registered trademark of Tomy This site is in honor of Jeremy D. 5/1980 to 9/2000 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - An update on the dopaminergic treatment of restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder. AU - Hening, Wayne A.. AU - Allen, Richard P.. AU - Earley, Christopher J.. AU - Picchietti, Daniel L.. AU - Silber, Michael H.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2004. Y1 - 2004. N2 - This paper reviews evidence from April, 1998 through April 2002 for the dopaminergic treatment of the restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD). There has been increased study of dopaminergic agents for the treatment of these conditions since publication of a review paper and practice parameters that covered all types of medical treatment of RLS and PLMD in 1999. For this reason, the Restless Legs Syndrome Task Force and the Standards of Practice Committee decided to update the evidence on dopaminergic treatment of these conditions. This paper reviews the literature on levodopa, dopaminergic agonists (pergolide, pramipexole, ...
This product includes all or a portion of the LOINC Table or is derived from one or more of the foregoing, subject to a license from Regenstrief Institute, Inc. Your use of the LOINC Table also is subject to this license, a copy of which is available https://loinc.org/license/. The current complete LOINC Table are available for download at http://loinc.org. The LOINC Table and LOINC codes are copyright © 1995-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. The LOINC Table are copyright © 1995-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. THE LOINC TABLE (IN ALL FORMATS) ARE PROVIDED AS IS. ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. LOINC® is a registered United States trademark of Regenstrief Institute, Inc. A small portion of the LOINC Table may include content (e.g., survey instruments) that is subject ...
This product includes all or a portion of the LOINC Table or is derived from one or more of the foregoing, subject to a license from Regenstrief Institute, Inc. Your use of the LOINC Table also is subject to this license, a copy of which is available https://loinc.org/license/. The current complete LOINC Table are available for download at http://loinc.org. The LOINC Table and LOINC codes are copyright © 1995-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. The LOINC Table are copyright © 1995-2018, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. THE LOINC TABLE (IN ALL FORMATS) ARE PROVIDED AS IS. ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. LOINC® is a registered United States trademark of Regenstrief Institute, Inc. A small portion of the LOINC Table may include content (e.g., survey instruments) that is subject ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anatomic location is a risk factor for atypical and malignant meningiomas. AU - Kane, Ari J.. AU - Sughrue, Michael E.. AU - Rutkowski, Martin J.. AU - Shangari, Gopal. AU - Fang, Shanna. AU - McDermott, Michael W.. AU - Berger, Mitchel S.. AU - Parsa, Andrew T.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2011/3/15. Y1 - 2011/3/15. N2 - BACKGROUND: Grade II and III meningiomas have higher rates of tumor recurrence than grade I meningiomas after surgery and/or external irradiation. As the utility of noninvasive treatments for brain tumors increases, it is becoming increasingly important to assess the likelihood that a tumor is not benign before treatment initiation. Hence, the authors have reviewed a large series of their patients to determine risk factors for higher-grade pathology, with particular interest paid to tumor location. METHODS: The authors reviewed 378 patients presenting at their institution from 2000 to 2007 with histologically ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early changes in basement membrane thickness in airway walls post-lung transplantation. AU - Law, Lucas. AU - Zheng, Ling. AU - Orsida, Bernadette. AU - Levvey, Bronwyn. AU - Oto, Takahiro. AU - Kotsimbos, A. Thomas C.. AU - Snell, Gregory I.. AU - Williams, Trevor J.. N1 - Funding Information: Supported by Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Margaret Pratt Heart-Lung Research Foundation, Bennalong Foundation, and Alfred Hospital Whole Time Medical Specialists Trust. Copyright: Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2005/10. Y1 - 2005/10. N2 - Background: Identification of early histopathologic markers of future bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) may enable preemptive targeted intervention, delaying and perhaps preventing the onset of BOS. This study aimed to determine if early changes in airway epithelial basement membrane thickness predisposes transplant recipients to the subsequent development of BOS. Methods: Basement membrane thickness was measured in serial ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Experimental Lassa virus infection in the squirrel monkey. AU - Walker, D. H.. AU - Wulff, H.. AU - Murphy, F. A.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2004 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1975. Y1 - 1975. N2 - Experimental Lassa virus infection was investigated in a nonhuman primate in order to elucidate the target organs of the viral infection and the course of pathologic events. Four squirrel monkeys (Saimiri scirreus) were inoculated intramuscularly with Lassa virus and sacrificed for organ titrations and histopathology, one each day, on Day 7, 12, 14, and 28 after inoculation. The animals showed a variable clinical course, with an incubation period of 8 to 18 days. The virus was demonstrated to be virtually pantropic; however, lymph node, liver, and kidney were key early targets. After the onset of overt disease, patterns of lymphoreticulotropism, hepatotropism, nephrotropism, adrenotropism, and persistent viremia were evident. Complement fixing antibody failed to develop ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Estimation of surface area of montmorillonite by ethylene oxide chain adsorption. AU - Shen, Yun Hwei. N1 - Funding Information: The author thanks the National Science Council of the ROC for financially supporting this study. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2002/9. Y1 - 2002/9. N2 - This study investigates the feasibility of using ethylene oxide chain adsorption to determine the surface area of an expandable clay, montmorillonite. Experimental results indicate that high molecular weight poly(ethylene oxide) or nonionic surfactant with long ethylene oxide chain should be used to provide reasonable estimations for monolayer capacity. The method has advantages over Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller method in that it is readily applicable to a wide range of areas, particularly to 2:1 layer silicates under aqueous conditions.. AB - This study investigates the feasibility of using ethylene oxide chain adsorption to determine the surface area of an ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Monoclonal antibody-based immunohistochemical diagnosis of Malaysian Nipah virus infection in pigs. AU - Tanimura, N.. AU - Imada, T.. AU - Kashiwazaki, Y.. AU - Shahirudin, S.. AU - Sharifah, S. H.. AU - Aziz, A. J.. N1 - Funding Information: This study was supported by a joint study project of the Japan International Cooperation Agency and the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysian Ministry of Agriculture, on the epidemiology, pathogenesis and molecular characterization of the Nipah virus. Copyright: Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2004/8. Y1 - 2004/8. N2 - Formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded tissues of three Malaysian farm pigs naturally infected with Nipah virus were used to investigate the value of anti-Nipah virus mouse monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) and rabbit polyclonal antibody for immunohistochemical diagnosis. Mabs 11F6 and 12A5 gave intense immunolabelling in lung tissue that had been fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for about 4 years, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Typhoid fever and typhoid hepatitis in Taiwan. AU - Wang, J. L.. AU - Kao, J. H.. AU - Tseng, S. P.. AU - Teng, L. J.. AU - Ho, S. W.. AU - Hsueh, P. R.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2005/12. Y1 - 2005/12. N2 - The annual incidence of typhoid fever in Taiwan was 2·1-3·6 cases per 1 000 000 population from 1995 to 2002. More than 80% of 45 patients with typhoid fever treated at National Taiwan University Hospital from 1996 to 2002 had elevated serum aminotransferase levels at presentation. Ten of these patients were treated during an outbreak in Taipei County in 2002, and seven of them who did not have pre-existing liver disease developed hepatitis, which was unrelated to other aetiologies. All Salmonella typhi isolates were susceptible to extended- spectrum cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. Multidrug resistance (intermediate resistance to ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, and chloramphenicol) was found in one (2·5%) of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of genomic and proteomic data in recurrent airway obstruction affected horses using ingenuity pathway analysis®. AU - Racine, Julien. AU - Gerber, Vinzenz. AU - Miskovic Feutz, Marybeth. AU - Riley, C. Paige. AU - Adamec, Jiri. AU - Swinburne, June E.. AU - Couetil, Laurent L.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2011/8/15. Y1 - 2011/8/15. N2 - Background: Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is a severe chronic respiratory disease affecting horses worldwide, though mostly in the Northern hemisphere. Environmental as well as genetic factors strongly influence the course and prognosis of the disease. Research has been focused on characterization of immunologic factors contributing to inflammatory responses, on genetic linkage analysis, and, more recently, on proteomic analysis of airway secretions from affected horses. The goal of this study was to investigate the interactions between eight candidate genes previously identified in a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Changing indications for pediatric heart transplantation complex congenital heart disease. AU - Hsu, Daphne T.. AU - Lamour, Jacqueline M.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925581407&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925581407&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.001377. DO - 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.001377. M3 - Review article. C2 - 25561474. AN - SCOPUS:84925581407. VL - 131. SP - 91. EP - 99. JO - Circulation. JF - Circulation. SN - 0009-7322. IS - 1. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genetic subtypes of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. T2 - Correlations with clinical features and cytotoxic T lymphocyte/natural killer cell functions. AU - Ishii, Eiichi. AU - Ueda, Ikuyo. AU - Shirakawa, Ryutaro. AU - Yamamoto, Ken. AU - Horiuchi, Hisanori. AU - Ohga, Shouichi. AU - Furuno, Kenji. AU - Morimoto, Akira. AU - Imayoshi, Miyoko. AU - Ogata, Yoshiyasu. AU - Zaitsu, Masafumi. AU - Sako, Masahiro. AU - Koike, Kenichi. AU - Sakata, Akifumi. AU - Takada, Hidetoshi. AU - Hara, Toshiro. AU - Imashuku, Shinsaku. AU - Sasazuki, Takehiko. AU - Yasukawa, Masaki. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2005/5/1. Y1 - 2005/5/1. N2 - Mutations of the perforin (PRF1) and MUNC13-4 genes distinguish 2 forms of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL2 and FHL3, respectively), but the clinical and biologic correlates of these genotypes remain in question. We studied the presenting features and cytotoxic T lymphocyte/natural killer ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Randomized trial of emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate after hepatitis B immunoglobulin withdrawal after liver transplantation. AU - Teperman, Lewis W.. AU - Poordad, Fred. AU - Bzowej, Natalie. AU - Martin, Paul. AU - Pungpapong, Surakit. AU - Schiano, Thomas. AU - Flaherty, John. AU - Dinh, Phillip. AU - Rossi, Stephen. AU - Subramanian, G. Mani. AU - Spivey, James. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2013/6. Y1 - 2013/6. N2 - Long-term prophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) for the prevention of hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in patients with chronic HBV infection is inconvenient and costly. This randomized, prospective phase 2 study compared emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) after HBIG withdrawal to FTC/TDF plus HBIG for the prevention of HBV recurrence after OLT. Forty patients with a median time since liver transplantation of 3.4 years ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - β-Catenin Mutations Are Frequent in Calcifying Odontogenic Cysts, but Rare in Ameloblastomas. AU - Sekine, Shigeki. AU - Sato, Sunao. AU - Takata, Takashi. AU - Fukuda, Yasuo. AU - Ishida, Takeshi. AU - Kishino, Mitsunobu. AU - Shibata, Tatsuhiro. AU - Kanai, Yae. AU - Hirohashi, Setsuo. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2003/11. Y1 - 2003/11. N2 - We have reported previously that alterations to β-catenin occur frequently in adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma. Based on its histological resemblance to some odontogenic tumors, we suspected the presence of common genetic alterations among these tumors. To address this issue, 11 cases of calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) and 20 cases of ameloblastoma were investigated for the presence of β-catenin mutations and β-catenin expression. Ten COCs were successfully analyzed by direct sequencing, and nine of them were found to harbor somatic β-catenin mutations. Immunohistochemically, all of the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Steps for a safer method of osteotomies in rhinoplasty. AU - Thomas, J. Regan. AU - Griner, Nancy R.. AU - Remmler, Daniel J.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1987/6. Y1 - 1987/6. N2 - Knowledge of osteotomy technique is essential to rhinoplasty. Using cadaver specimens, in addition to clinical observation, a safer method of osteotomy was acquired. Discussion of anatomy with reference to medial and lateral osteotomy follows. Several safety tips for each type of osteotomy are given.. AB - Knowledge of osteotomy technique is essential to rhinoplasty. Using cadaver specimens, in addition to clinical observation, a safer method of osteotomy was acquired. Discussion of anatomy with reference to medial and lateral osteotomy follows. Several safety tips for each type of osteotomy are given.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023192443&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Polypoid or non-polypoid? A novel dichotomous approach to uterine carcinosarcoma. AU - Djordjevic, B.. AU - Gien, L. T.. AU - Covens, A.. AU - Malpica, A.. AU - Khalifa, M. A.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2009/10. Y1 - 2009/10. N2 - Objective. To examine the impact of the polypoid morphology of uterine carcinosarcoma on clinical outcome, as well as its relationship to well-established prognostic factors. Methods. In a retrospective study of fifty eight patients with uterine carcinosarcoma treated with hysterectomy, we correlated the polypoid status of tumors with stage, lymphatic vascular invasion, myometrial invasion, size, carcinoma to sarcoma ratio, type of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components, disease free survival and overall survival. Results. By multivariate analysis, the polypoid status had no impact on disease free survival (p = 0.8958), but approached significance as a positive predictor for overall survival (p = 0.0569); ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reduced lethality from ethanol or ethanol plus pentobarbital in mice exposed to 1 or 12 atmospheres absolute helium-oxygen. AU - Malcolm, Richard D.. AU - Finn, Deborah A.. AU - Syapin, Peter J.. AU - Alkana, Ronald L.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1985/8. Y1 - 1985/8. N2 - The present experiments investigated the effects of 1 and 12 atmospheres absolute (ATA) helium-oxygen on potentially lethal doses of ethanol given alone or in combination with pentobarbital. Drug-naive, male C57BL/6J mice were injected IP with 5.4-6.5 g/kg ethanol, 4.5-6.9 g/kg ethanol plus 20 mg/kg pentobarbital, or 50-110 mg/kg pentobarbital plus 2.5 g/kg ethanol. Following injection, the mice were placed into chambers and exposed to environments of 1 ATA air, 1 ATA helium-oxygen, or 12 ATA helium-oxygen. Exposure to 1 or 12 ATA helium-oxygen significantly reduced the lethal effect (percent mortality at given doses and LD50) of ethanol given alone or with 20 mg/kg ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - B-cell-specific peptides of Leptospira interrogans LigA for diagnosis of patients with acute leptospirosis. AU - Kanagavel, Murugesan. AU - Shanmughapriya, Santhanam. AU - Anbarasu, Kumarasamy. AU - Natarajaseenivasan, Kalimuthusamy. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2014/3. Y1 - 2014/3. N2 - Leptospirosis is a reemerging infectious disease that is underdiagnosed and under-recognized due to low-sensitivity and cumbersome serological tests. Rapid reliable alternative tests are needed for early diagnosis of the disease. Considering the importance of the pathogenesis-associated leptospiral LigA protein expressed in vivo, we have evaluated its application in the diagnosis of the acute form of leptospirosis. The C-terminal coding sequence of ligA (ligA-C) was cloned into pET15b and expressed in Escherichia coli. Furthermore, the B-cell-specific epitopes were predicted and were synthesized as peptides for evaluation along with recombinant LigA-C. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A technical device in low dose rate brachytherapy with IR-192 thin wire for localized prostatic carcinoma. AU - Toya, Kazuhito. AU - Yorozu, Atsunori. AU - Fukada, Junichi. AU - Dokiya, Takushi. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2004/6. Y1 - 2004/6. N2 - Purpose: Ir-192 thin wires were used in our hospital since December 1997 for low dose rate brachytherapy for prostatic carcinoma. Since February 2000, we used the therapeutic planning system which created a pattern of dose distribution from a transrectal echogram, however, there were difficulties associated with this treatment which we tried to improve. However, a technical problem with the Ir-192 low dose rate brachytherapy became obvious. Improvements to the method have been tried since October 2001, and are reported here. Method: We performed brachytherapy for localized prostatic carcinoma on 105 patients from February 2000 to February 2003. We defined the period from February 2000 to ...
Extension of copyrights in France[edit]. Due to Saint-Exupéry's wartime death, the French government awarded his estate the ... Amongst the law's provisions is an increase of 30 years to the duration of the original copyright's duration of 70 years;[100] ... thus most of Saint-Exupéry's creative works will not fall out of copyright status in France for an extra 30 years.[101] ... that apparently is a legalistic interpretation possibly designed to allow for an extra year of the novella's copyright ...
Copyrighted materials. *Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977). *Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises (1985) ...
Copyrighted materials. *Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977). *Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises (1985) ...
Copyrighted materials. *Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977). *Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises (1985) ...
Copyrighted materials. *Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977). *Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises (1985) ...
Explicitly non-copyrighted. *^ Flanagan, F. M.; Goodwin, P. S.; Renzetti, N. A. (1970-07-15). "Technical report JPL-TM-33-452- ...
Criticism of copyright[edit]. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association, and its largest single source ... Despite the copyrighted nature of the CPT code sets, the use of the code is mandated by almost all health insurance payment and ... 3 Criticism of copyright *3.1 Limited CPT search offered by the AMA ... it could not enjoin a competitor on the basis that the AMA had misused its copyright.[16] Practice Management had argued that ...
... and Copyright Law". In Martine Courant Rife; Shaun Slattery; Danielle Nicole DeVoss (eds.). Copy(Write): Intellectual Property ... However, copyright law is not designed to prevent such an outcome. See, e.g., Acuff-Rose, 510 U.S. at 591-92. Rather, the goal ... No reasonable copyright holder could have believed that the portions of the email archive discussing possible technical ... Stephen Fishman (2008). The Copyright Handbook: What Every Writer Needs to Know. Nolo. p. 368. ISBN 978-1-4133-0893-8. Text of ...
Under this directive, a reappearing copyright-holder can assert his/her copyright and thereby end the orphan work status, and ... which may be protected under copyright but for which the copyright holder cannot be found. A substantial portion of the ... In case a copyright holder comes forward later, they are entitled to stop the institution's usage of the work and to ask for a ... When) Is Copyright Reform Possible? Lessons from the Hargreaves Review" by James Boyle (2015), also in: Okediji, Ruth L., ed. ( ...
the team behind H.R. Pufnstuf, Land of the Lost and The Bugaloos). The lawsuit cited copyright infringement and breach of ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Reese, Lori (28 June 2000). "Copy, Right?". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the ...
It is generally held that factual data cannot be copyrighted.[42] However, publishers frequently add copyright statements ( ... Control may be through access restrictions, licenses, copyright, patents and charges for access or re-use. Advocates of open ... Facts cannot legally be copyrighted.. *Sponsors of research do not get full value unless the resulting data are freely ... copyright forbidding (or obfuscating) re-use of the data, including the use of "no derivatives" requirements. ...
Copy right secured.] OCLC 62824549. Archived from the original (1 digitized image) on April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020 ... Copy right secured.] OCLC 62824549. Archived from the original (image) on April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020 - via ... proprietor of the copy-right) and sold at his book-store, wholesale and retail.--Sold also by the principal booksellers in New- ...
Wikipedia linking to it does not suddenly bring YouTube into copyright compliance. ---J.S (t,c) 19:16, 21 November 2006 (UTC). ... Knowingly and intentionally directing others to a site that violates copyright has been considered a form of contributory ... Knowingly and intentionally directing others to a site that violates copyright has been considered a form of contributory ... Copyright on Transcript?[edit]. I just posted a transcript of the interview lifted from the Daily Mail site, but I'm not 100% ...
Davis uploaded to Flickr [1]; some are copyrighted, some are not. If there aren't any that fully fit our libre-use preference, ... The Stargate image infringes copyright and should not be used. (212.74.97.195 (talk) 20:51, 1 July 2008 (UTC)) Yes, but they ... Assuming the existence of a free image is dubious in a copyright regime where someone has to take specific action to make a ... If you have any questions please ask them at the Media copyright questions page. Thank you.BetacommandBot 22:22, 5 June 2007 ( ...
Anti-copyright Copyright Intellectual Property Spanish University achieves world fame for its crude attempt at censorship , ... Round table ¿Hace falta una nueva ley/cultura de propiedad intellectual? inside the Copy ¿Right? journeys. Participants on the ... Suidad: Un mundo sin copyright, as part of the Hispalinux Congress. 2005-11-21 Sevilla, Facultad de Comunicación of the ... and criticized copyright and patents, defying pressure from the dean and the MPAA who tried to censor his talk. Cortell, a ...
Section 106 of the 1976 [Copyright Revision] Act grants the owner of a copyright a variety of exclusive rights in the ... 17 U.S.C. § 101 et seq. (Copyright Act of 1976). Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 464 U.S. 417 (1984),[1] ... DeFelice, Hope (1978-79). Copyright:Gone With the Betamax?. New York University Review of Law and Social Change. VIII no. 1. ... It does so both (A) because respondents have no right to prevent other copyright holders from authorizing it for their programs ...
Copyright[edit]. The first edition was copyrighted in 1875.[1][9] The copyright for Science and Health went through several ... U.S. Copyright Office (n.d.). "Chapter 31 Duration of Copyright". Library of Congress. Retrieved Oct 3, 2014.. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia said the law giving the church a copyright to all editions of " ... However, following a legal suit brought by David James Nolan and Lucile J. Place of United Christian Scientists, the copyright ...
Some of Churchill's pieces may infringe copyrights. For example, his 1981 serigraph Winter Attack was, according to Churchill ...
If you believe that the article is not a copyright violation, or if you have permission from the copyright holder to release ... How to verify copyright[edit]. Hi. First, I'm sorry for all the confusion above. A lot of people try to place content on ... See Wikipedia:Donating copyrighted materials for instructions.. It may also be necessary for the text be modified to have an ... and therefore to constitute a violation of Wikipedia's copyright policies. The copyrighted text has been or will soon be ...
"Copyrights , Licenses". GHDL Documentation -- GHDL 0.36-dev documentation. readthedocs.io. Gasson, Nick (November 5, 2011). " ...
To prevent copyright infringement, cease and desist notices were sent to fansub groups who were subtitling the series. On March ... "Copyrights". Viz Media UK. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2015. Viz Media (June 1, 2011 ...
Copyrighted". Retrieved October 1, 2014. The University of Puerto Rico: Colonialism and the Language of Teaching and Learning, ...
On January 21, 2009, the nigahiga account was temporarily suspended and was required to remove more copyrighted videos. Because ... Higa, Ryan (February 23, 2009). "Copyrighted". YouTube. Retrieved December 11, 2009. Higa, Ryan (June 27, 2008). "You're ... along with most of his other videos that included copyrighted music. Since then, Higa started composing the music himself. How ...
Library of Congress Copyright Office. Catalog of Copyright Entries. Part 1. Books, Group 2. New ser. v. 31, 1934. Washington, ... Copyrights; Disney Cartoon Case. Chapter 34. Prints and Labels; Hodell Tire-Chain Case. Chapter 35. Accounting and Taxes in ... The book contains a comprehensive study of invention as it relates to patents and patent law, trademarks, and copyright in the ...
Copy right by Doris Millman. pp. 40-41. (LCCN: 182518) Manning, Joseph C; Hemingway, Pippa; Redsell, Sarah A (May 1, 2014). " ...
"U.S. Copyright Office - Online Services (eCO: Electronic Copyright Office)". Retrieved 28 January 2018. "Mandatory deposit". US ... This mandatory deposit is not required to possess copyright of unpublished works, but a copyright registration can give an ... any copyrighted and published work must be submitted in two copies to the United States Copyright Office at the Library of ... The Copyright Act 1911 gave limited deposit rights to the National Library of Wales, with full rights coming in 1987. The ...
Get your copy right away". @SonyMusicSouth. Retrieved 17 March 2020. Remo Special (Original Background Score + Additional Song ...
The federal Copyright Act 1968 and legal deposit legislation pertaining to each state mandates that publishers of any kind must ... On 17 February 2016, the day the Copyright Act amendment for digital publications came into effect, the first ebook, Napoleon's ... Greenleaf, Graham; Lindsay, David (2018). Public Rights: Copyright's Public Domains. Cambridge Intellectual Property and ... the federal copyright legal requirements, security of the holdings, and other aspects. The steering group from the nine ...
Copyright Gift economy Information wants to be free List of new religious movements Parody religion Jackson, Nicholas (10 April ... This philosophy opposes the monopolization of knowledge in all its forms, such as copyright, and encourages file sharing of all ... In fact, the act of withholding and economizing information through copyright is against the sacredness of information. In its ... Copy' 'Right'". Journal of Intellectual Property Rights. 18: 566-575 - via NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository. "Kopimist ...
Evergreen Copyrights. 2007.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) The Process (CD liner notes). Skinny Puppy. ... This song was introduced as the closing track of Last Rights after "Left Handshake" was pulled for copyright concerns. It is an ... but it was pulled from the album due to copyright concerns with a sample. It was released in 2000 as a limited single under the ...
"Chapter 1 - Circular 92 - U.S. Copyright Office". www.copyright.gov.. *^ "Copyright (Visually Impaired Persons) Act 2002 comes ... Copyright infringement[edit]. Main article: Copyright infringement. For a work to be considered to infringe upon copyright, its ... "Copyright Ownership: Who Owns What? - Copyright Overview by Rich Stim - Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center". fairuse. ... Some groups reject copyright altogether, taking an anti-copyright stance. The perceived inability to enforce copyright online ...
... unless authorized by the owners of copyright in the sound recording or the owner of copyright in a Copyright Law of the United ... It is still uncertain how far a library may go under the Copyright Act of 1909 in supplying a photocopy of copy- righted ... an infringer of copyright is liable for either- (1) the copyright owners actual damages and any additional profits of the ... an infringer of copyright is liable for either- (1) the copyright owners actual damages and any additional profits of the ...
... is proposing a wholesale giveaway to its supporters in the copyright industry - at your expense. ... The copyright maximalists assert that there is no piece of a copyrighted work small enough that they are uninterested in ... But the copyright maximalists and their lobbyists are not thinking about how to promote real public respect for copyright law ... 1. Give copyright owners control over every use of copyrighted works in digital form by interpreting existing law as being ...
Copyright blog. IFLA Statement on Copyright Literacy Wednesday, 29 August 2018. Promoting copyright literacy is a significant ... Copyright for Knowledge Copyright for Knowledge. Education and research are the fundamental building blocks of the knowledge ... Work on policy issues regarding Intellectual Property Rights and Copyright *Strive to achieve a balanced position on copyright ... For further information on Copyright for Knowledge, please email Copyright for Knowledge. ...
Copyright © YYYY Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to include in application software or to make digital or ... User may be held liable for any copyright infringement or the infringement of any other proprietary rights in the Software that ... All software, both binary and source published by the Association for Computing Machinery (hereafter, Software) is copyrighted ... For software published earlier under ACM copyright, see the License Agreement below.. ...
Copyright ©2021 MH Sub I, LLC dba Nolo ® Self-help services may not be permitted in all states. The information provided on ... Nolos Copyright Policy for Site Content. Nolo.com provides the information on this site to be read by anyone, but retains the ... Copyright Policy. Your Responsibility When Using the Nolo Site. We strive mightily to provide useful and accurate information ... LGBT Law Nonprofits Patent, Copyright & Trademark Personal Finance Real Estate Small Business Small Claims Court & Lawsuits ...
We usually call it the Mickey Mouse Copyright Act, since we presume its real motive was to prevent the copyright on the ... Thus it is usually the publishers that lobby to increase copyright powers. To better reflect the reality of copyright rather ... Maintaining the utmost uniformity of copyright policy is not crucial to the public interest, and copyright law already has many ... a law extending copyright was enacted in 1998. It was officially called the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, named ...
The BookReader requires JavaScript to be enabled. Please check that your browser supports JavaScript and that it is enabled in the browser settings. You can also try one of the other formats of the book. ...
College students around the country start groups to teach their peers about copyright law and how Hollywood and record ... Students Fight Copyright Hoarders. College students around the country start groups to teach their peers about copyright law ... Historically, copyright law has been crafted by lobbyists for powerful copyright owners who represent the software, music and ... While copyright law might seem like a dull topic to ponder on campuses, Free Culture groups say it is a critical time for ...
Transfer of copyright to Springer (respective to owner if other than Springer) becomes effective if and when a Copyright ... The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is assigned ... Author warrants (i) that he/she is the sole owner or has been authorized by any additional copyright owner to assign the right ... The copyright assignment includes without limitation the exclusive, assignable and sublicensable right, unlimited in time and ...
Copyright © 1998, 1999 WGBH Educational Foundation. CONDITIONS OF USE. PLEASE READ THESE TERMS OF USE CAREFULLY BEFORE USING ... Modification of the materials or use of the materials for any other purpose is a violation of WGBHs copyright and other ... All images appearing in this Web site are protected by copyright law. Use of any image without obtaining the required ... intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. ...
... announced that copyright law was dying. What prompted this prognosis was the birth and fast growth of the Internet [2]. ... Copyright Act of 1976 Shubha Ghosh In the 1990s John Perry Barlow, former songwriter for The Grateful Dead [1] and contemporary ... Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. The Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, passed in 1998, extended the copyright on ... Copyrights Highway: The Law and Lore of Copyright from Gutenberg to the Celestial Jukebox. New York: Hill and Wang, 1994. ...
... Staszek Wawrykiewicz staw at gust.org.pl Thu Jul 24 02:59:14 CEST 2003 *Previous message: [tex- ...
... Situation • Millions of sick people cant make their own antibodies, or they make faulty ones • ... Asia production Copyright © 2014 GigaGen, Inc. * Business Model Canvas: Protein Partners Copyright © 2014 GigaGen, Inc. Primary ... Copyright © 2014 GigaGen, Inc. * Team 11: Recombinant Gammaglobulin The first pure antibody source for patients who cant make ... Copyright © 2014 GigaGen, Inc. Situation • Millions of sick people cant make their own antibodies, or they make faulty ones • ...
https://www.bangor.ac.uk/library/copyright/thirdparty.php.cy. Gweler mwy o wybodaeth yma: https://www.bangor.ac.uk/library/ ...
Copyright. Copyright and Intellectual Property Policy. Mendeley respects the intellectual property rights of researchers, ... Copyright © 2019 Mendeley Ltd. All rights reserved. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. ... An electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright that is allegedly ... Copyright and other Intellectual Property Infringement Notification Requirements. To be effective, a notification of claimed ...
International Copyright. observe that a portion of the English is reviving the often-debated subject of national copyright law ... International Copyright. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ...
Copyright 2006-2009 by The HDF Group. NCSA HDF5 (Hierarchical Data Format 5) Software Library and Utilities Copyright 1998-2006 ... Copyright Notice and License Terms for HDF5 (Hierarchical Data Format 5) Software Library and Utilities. HDF5 (Hierarchical ... Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer. * ... Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer ...
... many people thought that would be the end of mass copyright litigation-after all, hadnt the RIAA demonstrated that suing ... U.S. Copyright Group. Have you been targeted by a USCG subpoena? Learn more about the claims made against you, explore possible ... The U.S. Copyright Group (USCG) approaches independent film producers and offers to collect money from people who are illegally ... These copyright trolls try to grow businesses out of suing Internet users - their tactics include targeting large groups of ...
Learn More: EFF: Its Copyright Week 2020: Stand Up for Copyright Laws That Actually Serve Us All Disruptive... ... Fair Use and Creativity Copyright policy should encourage creativity, not hamper it. Fair use makes it possible for us to ... Day 2: Copyright and Competition. Copyright should not be used to control knowledge, creativity, or the ability to tinker with ... Day 5: Copyright and Democracy. Copyright must be set through a participatory, democratic, and transparent process. It should ...
Do you understand what copyright is? I dont think so.. Because it is on your site, you own the copyright.. WRONG!. The person ... Writing an article on your blog or website doesnt means it is copyright, till u register the content to be copyrighted and for ... Writing an article on your blog or website doesnt means it is copyright, till u register the content to be copyrighted and for ... you do not have to file any papers or pay any fees etc or even post that it is copyright to you etc... now, if you do choose to ...
Copyright Acquiring Editor: Brian Romer Editorial Project Manager: Keira Bunn Project Manager: Poulouse Joseph Designer: Alan ... Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval ...
Get Copyright Permission. Copyright.com makes it easy for you to get permission to use copyrighted materials.. Simply review ... You can no longer check license coverage for the Annual Copyright License on copyright.com. Please use RightFind® Advisor (for ...
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Names: Bernheimer, Susan, author. Title: Living stories: nontraditional college students in early childhood education / Susan Bernheimer. Description: New York: Peter Lang, 2019. Series: Childhood studies; vol. 9 ISSN 2379-934X (print) , ISSN 2379-9358 (online) Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2019031185 , ISBN 978-1-4331-7195-6 (hardback: alk. paper) ISBN 978-1-4331-7194-9 (paperback: alk. paper) , ISBN 978-1-4331-7197-0 (ebook pdf) ISBN 978-1-4331-7198-7 (epub) , ISBN 978-1-4331-7199-4 (mobi) Subjects: LCSH: Early childhood teachers-Training of-United States. Early childhood education-Social aspects-United States. Child development-Study and teaching (Higher)-United States. Nontraditional college students-United States. Classification: LCC LB1732.3.B47 2019 , DDC 372.210973-dc23 LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2019031185 DOI 10.3726/ ...
Most people think that whoever actually makes a creative work owns the copyright in that work, but that often isnt the case. ... Hiring an Attorney to Help With Your Copyright. Due to the complex nature of dealing with the U.S. Copyright Office, it is a ... When Creators Dont Own Copyrights. Here are some examples of when the creator of a work doesnt own the copyright in the work: ... There are several basic rights that come along with a copyright. These rights include:. *to reproduce the copyrighted work in ...
Did you read that? On how selective enforcement of copyright shows just how broken copyright law is? But-lets get to the ... The US Copyright Office, in a 1,222-page report discussing federal copyright law, said that a "photograph taken by a monkey" is ... Michael, regardless of the issue of who does and doesnt own the copyright - it is 100% clear that the copyright owner is not ... In the US at least, monkeys obviously cant hold copyrights. From the Compendium II of Copyright Office Practices, section ...
Copyright © American Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 1999. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any ...
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Copyright for Specific Users. Print Disability Access. *Print Disabled Copyright Information. Students. * Copyright Information ... Copyright © 1995 to 2018. James Cook University. All rights reserved. ABN 46253211955 ...
  • Specially, for educational and scientific research purposes, the Berne Convention provides the developing countries issue compulsory licenses for the translation or reproduction of copyrighted works within the limits prescribed by the Convention. (wikipedia.org)
  • To illustrate their point, the groups hold remixing contests, promote open-source software and rally against legislation like the Induce Act, which would hold technology companies liable for encouraging people to infringe copyrights. (wired.com)
  • It is our policy, in appropriate circumstances and at our discretion, to disable and/or terminate the accounts of users who repeatedly infringe the copyrights of others. (fitbit.com)
  • Specifically, he says that posthumous copyrights for compositions should last 70 years, rather than 50. (techdirt.com)
  • A music publishing license may be required to create printed sheet music from copyrighted compositions. (washington.edu)
  • If legislation recommended in its white paper 'Intellectual Property and the National Information Infrastructure' is enacted, your traditional user rights to browse, share, or make private noncommercial copies of copyrighted works will be rescinded. (wired.com)
  • One provision would expand library privileges to make copies of copyrighted works for archival purposes, and the other would permit nonprofit groups to distribute Braille or large-type editions of copyrighted works if the publisher has neglected to do so within a year of publication of the standard edition of the work. (wired.com)
  • We hold that the 'first sale' doctrine applies to copies of a copyrighted work lawfully made abroad," Breyer said. (yahoo.com)
  • Public Knowledge's Internet Blueprint campaign , unveiled Tuesday, was inspired by the debate in Congress over two controversial copyright enforcement bills , the Stop Online Piracy Act ( SOPA ) and the Protect Intellectual Property Act (PIPA), the group said. (computerworld.com)
  • The United States in April again put China, along with Russia, on its annual list of countries with the worst records of preventing the theft of copyrighted material and other intellectual property. (reuters.com)
  • The Accelerating Rate of Commerce - Classical intellectual property protection, such as trademarks, copyrights and patents often require the filing of costly applications with government offices, long delays of review and. (jdsupra.com)
  • Some, but not all jurisdictions require "fixing" copyrighted works in a tangible form. (wikipedia.org)
  • and 3) a new provision to prohibit devices or services aimed at circumventing technological protection for copyrighted works. (wired.com)
  • The Supreme Court has repeatedly affirmed that promoting progress means benefit for the users of copyrighted works. (gnu.org)
  • It also refers to the users of copyrighted works as "readers," even though using them does not always mean reading, because "the users" is remote and abstract. (gnu.org)
  • Many courts were befuddled, and the budding television industry had to rely on copyrights in written scripts or taped versions of the shows to protect their works against piracy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Copyright law has protected not only against the copying of works, but also their unauthorized performance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Orphan works are generally defined as copyrighted works where the author or owner cannot be identified or located. (mlanet.org)
  • State law continues to apply to unpublished works that are not otherwise copyrighted by federal law. (wikipedia.org)
  • Copyright Act 1968 (Commonwealth) - The current version of the Copyright Act includes all changes made by amending legislation, such as the Copyright Amendment (Moral Rights) Act 2000 , the Copyright Amendment (Digital Agenda) Act 2000 , the relevant parts of the US Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act 2004 , the Copyright Amendment Act 2006 and the Copyright Amendment (Disability Access and Other Measures) Act 2017 . (nla.gov.au)
  • All software, both binary and source published by the Association for Computing Machinery (hereafter, Software) is copyrighted by the Association (hereafter, ACM) and ownership of all right, title and interest in and to the Software remains with ACM. (acm.org)
  • Sometimes multiple people can also simultaneously have ownership of the copyright in a creative work. (findlaw.com)
  • Other domain names, trademarks and/or copyrights that may be referenced, indicated or linked to are outside the jurisdiction, ownership and responsibility of Majon International. (majon.com)
  • As soon as you create something, either texts, images, sounds or other (consult the listed categories ), you can register your copyrights and prove the ownership of what you have done. (copyrightdepot.com)
  • Time to redesign the business model to take a cut of sales, rather than to rely on artificial copyrights. (techdirt.com)
  • Noah Brier collects a number of perspectives on whether (and by whom) a work created by an artificial intelligence can be copyrighted. (kottke.org)
  • Justice Elena Kagan, joined by Justice Samuel Alito, said in a separate opinion that Congress is free to change the law if it thinks holders of copyrights need more protection. (yahoo.com)
  • Writers Artists and Their Copyright Holders (WATCH) - a useful source for contact details of international writers. (nla.gov.au)
  • The material on this website is copyrighted and may not be used without the author's consent. (sfwa.org)
  • Australian Copyright Council provides an information sheet, Government: Commonwealth, State & Terrritory , December 2015, on ways to contact government agencies to get permission to copy their material. (nla.gov.au)
  • It is paying a general $25,000 fee to cover the costs of interlibrary loan, copyrights to material printed by about 35 publishers, acquisition of permission from other non-member publishers and data collection. (deseretnews.com)
  • Please note the Copyright Notice and Disclaimer statements relating to use of the material. (bom.gov.au)
  • Identify all copyrighted material in your presentation. (aao.org)
  • Request permission as soon as you decide to include copyrighted material in your presentation. (aao.org)
  • Resale - Inclusion of the copyrighted material in your presentation, as captured and reproduced in "On Demand," a product that will be for sale. (aao.org)
  • If a publisher grants you permission to use material in your presentation only and not for replication in "On Demand," you MUST notify the Academy so the copyrighted material can be removed. (aao.org)
  • The Statute of Anne, enacted in 1710 in England and Scotland provided the first legislation to protect copyrights (but not authors' rights). (wikipedia.org)
  • Los Angeles News Service filed a lawsuit last week that claims that YouTube Inc has allowed its users to upload and download its copyrighted video footage. (theregister.co.uk)
  • The deal, announced via the Google Japan blog , will raise awareness of an author's right to keep their books from Google's Book search, which includes a snippet for copyrighted text to help users identify the book as legitimate. (thenextweb.com)
  • We publish a large number of copyrights on the web, making our users copyrights known which is a step and a precaution more and more necessary these years. (copyrightdepot.com)
  • For inquiries regarding copyrights held by Brandeis University, please consult our Copyright Information and Resources page instead. (brandeis.edu)
  • More important, Congress codified guidelines for fair use of copyrighted materials. (encyclopedia.com)
  • and the agreement is extended to the transmission and duplication of copyrights materials from academic and research libraries in the Utah System of Higher Education. (deseretnews.com)
  • The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society's (LLS) copyrighted materials may not be reproduced or distributed in whole or part by any person, organization or corporation other than LLS without the written consent of LLS. (lls.org)
  • All materials posted on LLS's website have been copyrighted to LLS through the Library of Congress, except where noted. (lls.org)
  • To obtain permission to use or copy LLS copyrighted materials from the LLS website you must submit your request in writing by using our Permission Request Form. (lls.org)
  • Copyright Protection in Romania and Italy ," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series , Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(2), pages 75-78, May. (repec.org)
  • The Australian Copyright Council has an excellent website that provides a range of information sheets. (nla.gov.au)
  • Unless otherwise indicated, all information contained on this website, such as text, graphics, logos and images, is copyrighted by and proprietary to LLS and may not be reproduced in whole or in part by persons, organizations or corporations other than the LLS without prior written permission of the Legal Department at the LLS National Office. (lls.org)
  • We manage ourselves the ads on our website in order to make sure your copyrights are not lost in a sea of ads. (copyrightdepot.com)
  • Most people think that whoever actually makes a creative work owns the copyright in that work, but that often isn't the case. (findlaw.com)
  • Traditionally, the law has been that only work created by people can receive copyright . (kottke.org)
  • RICHMOND, Va. - James Brittle claims in a federal complaint that the Time Warner movie "The Conjuring" is based on his copyrighted book "The Demonologist. (courthousenews.com)
  • For over 10 years, the clearance center has served a similar function of obtaining copyrights for commercial businesses, Schockmel said. (deseretnews.com)
  • in the case of sound recordings, to perform the copyrighted work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission. (findlaw.com)
  • Copyright is a legal right , existing in many countries, that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others. (wikipedia.org)
  • For more information see copyright in Library collections . (nla.gov.au)
  • You MUST obtain permission or a license from them to use their copyrighted medical images in your presentation. (aao.org)
  • The exclusive rights are not absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law, including fair use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) and Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners Society (AMCOS) - pay for a licence to copy, perform or broadcast music. (nla.gov.au)
  • Copyright [$date-of-software] World Wide Web Consortium , ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology , European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics , Keio University , Beihang ). (w3.org)
  • Rainfall, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and runoff: these are Bureau data and fall under the Bureau's copyright policy . (bom.gov.au)
  • Yes, Neelie Kroes, in her capacity as European Commissioner for Digital Agenda, has openly expressed her support for copyright reform . (osnews.com)
  • These copyrights only apply for the firm that operates such a platform, no matter in what jurisdiction the platform-services are being offered. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means that copyrights granted by the law of a certain state, do not extend beyond the territory of that specific jurisdiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • If someday you need your documents to prove your copyrights in a court of justice, they will be signed by a CopyrightDepot.com officer before their are delivered to you. (copyrightdepot.com)
  • There are many ways that copyrights can change hands. (findlaw.com)
  • All copyrights are obtained by the clearance center or university before the packet is printed in an on-campus copy center. (deseretnews.com)
  • Internet Archive's wholesale scanning and posting of copyrighted books without the consent of authors, and without paying a dime, is piracy hidden behind a sanctimonious veil of progressivism," said Douglas Preston, author and president of the Authors Guild. (publishersweekly.com)
  • Copyright law faced its first big challenge in the twentieth century when the Apollo Company began selling piano rolls that allowed pianos to play music without the aid of a pianist. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Companies sometimes hire independent contractors , and the copyrights in the work that those independent contractors produce rests with the hiring company. (findlaw.com)