Coprinus: A genus of black-spored basidiomycetous fungi of the family Coprinaceae, order Agaricales; some species are edible.Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Genes, Mating Type, Fungal: Fungal genes that mostly encode TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS. In some FUNGI they also encode PHEROMONES and PHEROMONE RECEPTORS. The transcription factors control expression of specific proteins that give a cell its mating identity. Opposite mating type identities are required for mating.Galectin 2: A galectin found preferentially expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. The protein occurs as a homodimer with two 14-kDa subunits.Mycology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of fungi, and MYCOSES.Dancing: Rhythmic and patterned body movements which are usually performed to music.Passiflora: A plant genus of the family Passifloraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are vines with ornamental flowers and edible fruit.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Viscum album: A plant species of the family VISCACEAE, order Santalales, subclass Rosidae. This is the traditional mistletoe of literature and Christmas. Members contain viscotoxin (5 kDa basic polypeptides related to thionins), beta-galactoside- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin II (60 kDa), and polysaccharides. Mistletoe lectin I is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein. Commercial extracts include Plenosol, Eurixor, Helixor Isorel, Iscador, and NSC 635089 (ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, PHYTOGENIC).Music Therapy: The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.Chenopodium album: A plant species in the CHENOPODIUM genus known for edible greens.Lichens: Any of a group of plants formed by a symbiotic combination of a fungus with an algae or CYANOBACTERIA, and sometimes both. The fungal component makes up the bulk of the lichen and forms the basis for its name.Laboratory ManualsManuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Andrology: A scientific or medical discipline concerning the study of male reproductive biology, diseases of the male genital organs, and male infertility. Major areas of interest include ENDOCRINOLOGY; SPERMATOGENESIS; semen analysis; FERTILIZATION; CONTRACEPTION; and CRYOPRESERVATION.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Semen Analysis: The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.Botrytis: A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Habits: Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.Cynodon: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is considered a lawn grass by some and a weed by others. It contains allergen Cyn d 7.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Mechanical Processes: The behaviors of materials under force.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.BooksPublications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Great BritainBibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Vapor Pressure: The contribution to barometric PRESSURE of gaseous substance in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase.Myotonia Congenita: Inherited myotonic disorders with early childhood onset MYOTONIA. Muscular hypertrophy is common and myotonia may impair ambulation and other movements. It is classified as Thomsen (autosomal dominant) or Becker (autosomal recessive) generalized myotonia mainly based on the inheritance pattern. Becker type is also clinically more severe. An autosomal dominant variant with milder symptoms and later onset is known as myotonia levior. Mutations in the voltage-dependent skeletal muscle chloride channel are associated with the disorders.Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).Prussia: Former state in north central Germany. Formally abolished March 1, 1947. Kingdom established 1701.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Andersen Syndrome: A form of inherited long QT syndrome (or LQT7) that is characterized by a triad of potassium-sensitive periodic paralysis, VENTRICULAR ECTOPIC BEATS, and abnormal features such as short stature, low-set ears, and SCOLIOSIS. It results from mutations of KCNJ2 gene which encodes a channel protein (INWARD RECTIFIER POTASSIUM CHANNELS) that regulates resting membrane potential.Peer Review, Health Care: The concurrent or retrospective review by practicing physicians or other health professionals of the quality and efficiency of patient care practices or services ordered or performed by other physicians or other health professionals (From The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988).Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Spores: The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Spores, Bacterial: Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.Air Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Mushroom Poisoning: Poisoning from ingestion of mushrooms, primarily from, but not restricted to, toxic varieties.Chytridiomycota: A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile spores (zoospores) at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also include examples of plant, animal, and fungal pathogens.Reishi: A mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum, of the POLYPORALES order of basidiomycetous fungi. It has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine in various forms.Mushroom Bodies: Prominent lobed neuropils found in ANNELIDA and all ARTHROPODS except crustaceans. They are thought to be involved in olfactory learning and memory.Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.

A constitutively active G-protein-coupled receptor causes mating self-compatibility in the mushroom Coprinus. (1/104)

In the mushroom Coprinus cinereus, the multiallelic B mating type genes are predicted to encode a large family of seven-transmembrane domain receptors and CaaX-modified pheromones. We have shown that a single amino acid change Q229P in transmembrane domain VI of one receptor confers a self-compatible mating phenotype. Using a heterologous yeast assay, we have demonstrated that this C.cinereus pheromone receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor and that the Q229P mutation is constitutively activating. A C.cinereus pheromone precursor was processed to an active species specifically in yeast MATa cells and activated the co-expressed wild-type receptor. Yeast cells expressing the wild-type receptor were used to test the activity of synthetic peptides, enabling us to predict the structure of the mature C.cinereus pheromone and to show that the Q229P mutation does not compromise normal receptor function.  (+info)

Nucleotide sequences of genes for ribosomal protein L41 and tRNAThr(AGU) from Coprinus cinereus. (2/104)

The nucleotide sequences of genes for the homolog in Coprinus cinereus of the eukaryotic ribosomal protein L41 and for tRNAThr(AGU) are reported. The gene for tRNAThr(AGU) was located upstream of the gene for the L41 ribosomal protein, and these genes were adjacent to each other but in opposite orientations. The deduced amino acid sequence of ribosomal protein L41 exhibited strong homology to those of L41 proteins of several yeasts. The 56th amino acid of the deduced protein was proline, as it is in the L41 protein of a cycloheximide-sensitive strain of yeast. The putative secondary structure of the tRNA gene resembled the characteristic cloverleaf structure of tRNAs. Elements resembling an A-box and a B-box were found in the gene for tRNAThr(AGU). These boxes are known as internal promoter elements in genes for eukaryotic tRNAs.  (+info)

The divergence-homogenization duality in the evolution of the b1 mating type gene of Coprinus cinereus. (3/104)

The A mating type locus of the fungus Coprinus cinereus is a complex, multigenic locus which regulates compatibility and subsequent sexual development. Genes within the A locus such as the b1 gene studied here exhibit extreme sequence variation. In this work, we asked how b1 alleles have evolved high levels of variation and, at the same time, conserved function. We compared sequence variation in 17 alleles characterized as belonging to seven different compatibility classes. Comparison of sequence variation between representatives of these seven classes shows that different regions of the b1 gene have been subject to varying levels of substitution, recombination, and structural/functional constraints. The N-terminal region of the encoded protein, which has been previously demonstrated to govern self/nonself recognition, exhibited hypervariability with levels of amino acid identity as low as 41%. We used a novel analysis of neutral mutations accumulating in this gene to rule out the possibility that the N-terminal region is hypermutable. In contrast, the C-terminal region displayed heterogeneous levels of variation, with functional motifs being better conserved. In fact, there is a duality in the b1 gene between variability and conservation; recombination events have homogenized the C-terminal region, while recombination events are undetectable in the N-terminal region. The ability to regulate sexual development is maintained in all of the mating compatibility alleles studied, and these data suggest that some functional motifs may tolerate high levels of substitution.  (+info)

Adapting protein solubility by glycosylation. N-glycosylation mutants of Coprinus cinereus peroxidase in salt and organic solutions. (4/104)

Protein solubility is a fundamental parameter in biology and biotechnology. In the present study we have constructed and analyzed five mutants of Coprinus cinereus peroxidase (CIP) with 0, 1, 2, 4 and 6 N-glycosylation sites. All mutants contain Man(x)(GlcNAc)(2) glycans. The peroxidase activity was the same for wild-type CIP and all the glycosylation mutants when measured with the large substrate 2,2'-azino-bis(-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid). The solubility of the five CIP mutants showed a linear dependence on the number of carbohydrate residues attached to the protein in buffered solution of both ammonium sulfate (AMS) and acetone, increasing in AMS and decreasing in acetone. Moreover, the change in free energy of solvation appears to be a constant, though with opposite signs in these solvents, giving DeltaDeltaG degrees (sol)=-0.32+/-0.05 kJ/mol per carbohydrate residue in 2.0 M AMS, a value previously obtained comparing ordinary and deglycosylated horseradish peroxidase, and 0. 37+/-0.10 kJ/mol in 60 v/v% acetone.  (+info)

The signature of balancing selection: fungal mating compatibility gene evolution. (5/104)

A key problem in evolutionary biology has been distinguishing the contributions of current and historical processes to the maintenance of genetic variation. Because alleles at self-recognition genes are under balancing selection, they exhibit extended residence times in populations and thus may provide unique insight into population demographic history. However, evidence for balancing selection and extended residence times has almost exclusively depended on identification of transspecific polymorphisms; polymorphisms retained in populations through speciation events. We present a broadly applicable approach for detecting balancing selection and apply it to the b1 mating type gene in the mushroom fungus Coprinus cinereus. The comparison of neutral molecular variation within and between allelic classes was used to directly estimate the strength of balancing selection. Different allelic classes are defined as encoding different mating compatibility types and are thus potentially subject to balancing selection. Variation within an allelic class, where all alleles have the same mating compatibility type, provided an internal standard of neutral evolution. Mating compatibility in this organism is determined by the complex A mating type locus, and b1 is one of several redundantly functioning genes. Consequently, we conducted numerical simulations of a model with two subloci and varying levels of recombination to show that balancing selection should operate at each sublocus. Empirical data show that strong balancing selection has indeed occurred at the b1 locus. The widespread geographic distribution of identical b1 alleles suggests that their association with differing A mating types is the result of recent recombination events.  (+info)

Induction of apoptosis by Coprinus disseminatus mycelial culture broth extract in human cervical carcinoma cells. (6/104)

Extract of Coprinus disseminatus (pers. Fr.) (C. disseminatus) culture broth (EDCB) inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in the human cervical carcinoma cells at 5 microg/ml. To determine whether the cell death induced by the EDCB recruits caspases or not, one of the exclusive pathways in cell death, we examined caspase-3 activity in this cell death process. The activity of caspase-3 was remarkably increased when the cell was treated with EDCB, and this activity was nullified by Z-VAD-FMK, a well known caspase-3 inhibitor. From these results, we would expect the EDCB to contain substances with the ability to induce apoptosis in the human cervical carcinoma cells. The extent of the EDCB induced apoptosis is cell line-dependent.  (+info)

Molecular characterization of laccase genes from the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus and heterologous expression of the laccase lcc1. (7/104)

A laccase from Coprinus cinereus is active at alkaline pH, an essential property for some potential applications. We cloned and sequenced three laccase genes (lcc1, lcc2, and lcc3) from the ink cap basidiomycete C. cinereus. The lcc1 gene contained 7 introns, while both lcc2 and lcc3 contained 13 introns. The predicted mature proteins (Lcc1 to Lcc3) are 58 to 80% identical at the amino acid level. The predicted Lcc1 contains a 23-amino-acid C-terminal extension rich in arginine and lysine, suggesting that C-terminal processing may occur during its biosynthesis. We expressed the Lcc1 protein in Aspergillus oryzae and purified it. The Lcc1 protein as expressed in A. oryzae has an apparent molecular mass of 66 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and absorption maxima at 278 and 614 nm. Based on the N-terminal protein sequence of the laccase, a 4-residue propeptide was processed during the maturation of the enzyme. The dioxygen specificity of the laccase showed an apparent K(m) of 21 +/- 2 microM and a catalytic constant of 200 +/- 10 min(-1) for O(2) with 2, 2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) as the reducing substrate at pH 5.5. Lcc1 from A. oryzae may be useful in industrial applications. This is the first report of a basidiomycete laccase whose biosynthesis involves both N-terminal and C-terminal processing.  (+info)

Enantioselective epoxidation and carbon-carbon bond cleavage catalyzed by Coprinus cinereus peroxidase and myeloperoxidase. (8/104)

We demonstrate that myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Coprinus cinereus peroxidase (CiP) catalyze the enantioselective epoxidation of styrene and a number of substituted derivatives with a reasonable enantiomeric excess (up to 80%) and in a moderate yield. Three major differences with respect to the chloroperoxidase from Caldariomyces fumago (CPO) are observed in the reactivity of MPO and CiP toward styrene derivatives. First, in contrast to CPO, MPO and CiP produced the (S)-isomers of the epoxides in enantiomeric excess. Second, for MPO and CiP the H(2)O(2) had to be added very slowly (10 eq in 16 h) to prevent accumulation of catalytically inactive enzyme intermediates. Under these conditions, CPO hardly showed any epoxidizing activity; only with a high influx of H(2)O(2) (300 eq in 1.6 h) was epoxidation observed. Third, both MPO and CiP formed significant amounts of (substituted) benzaldehydes as side products as a consequence of C-alpha-C-beta bond cleavage of the styrene derivatives, whereas for CPO and cytochrome c peroxidase this activity is not observed. C-alpha-C-beta cleavage was the most prominent reaction catalyzed by CiP, whereas with MPO the relative amount of epoxide formed was higher. This is the first report of peroxidases catalyzing both epoxidation reactions and carbon-carbon bond cleavage. The results are discussed in terms of mechanisms involving ferryl oxygen transfer and electron transfer, respectively.  (+info)

Pagina 1 di 2 - Coprinus comatus (O.F.M ller) Gray - inviati in Schede dei Funghi Basidiomycota: Agaricales s.l.: Coprinus comatus (O.F. M ll.) Gray, Tent. disp. meth. Fung.: 62 (1797)=Agaricus comatus O.F. M ll., Fl. Danic.: tab. 834 (1767)Agaricus cylindricus Sowerby, Coloured figures of English Fungi or Mushrooms (London): tab. 189 (1799)Agaricus fimetarius Bolton, Hist. fung. Halifax 1: pl. 44 (1788)Agaricus ovatus Schaeff., Icones: tab. 7 (1762)Coprinus comatus var. caprimammillat...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cross-linking of tyrosine-containing peptides by hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase. AU - Steffensen, C.L.. AU - Mattinen, Maija-Liisa. AU - Andersen, Henrik Jørgen. AU - Kruus, Kristiina. AU - Buchert, Johanna. AU - Holm Nielsen, Jacob. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. N2 - Hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase (CIP) can initiate polymerization of tyrosine-containing peptides via initial formation of an intermediate tyrosyl radical, which for the first time has been identified by spin trap electron spin resonance spectroscopy as located on carbon 1 in the aromatic ring, and subsequent formation of either dityrosine or isodityrosine bonds through a net elimination of two hydrogen atoms between peptides. The rate and degree of polymerization were found to depend on peptide size and the amino acid adjacent to tyrosine, as longer peptides and amino acids with bulky side groups were less reactive. In the forwarded hypothesis for the reaction mechanism ...
The pab1 gene of the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus encodes PABA synthase, necessary for para-aminobenzoic acid production. The C. cinereus protein is bifunctional with an N-terminal glutamine amidotransferase domain and a C-terminal chorismate amination domain. In most bacteria, these two functions are encoded in separate genes (e.g., pabA and pabB of E. coli). Fused PABA synthases have so far been detected in actinomycetes, Plasmodium falciparum, fungi and Arabidopsis thaliana. Phylogenetic analysis shows that the fused PAB sequences form a tight group that also includes uncharacterized PabB homologues from several bacteria. Unfused bacterial PabA proteins group with the glutamine amidotransferase subunits of bacterial anthranilate synthases, independent of organismal systematics, indicating a complex and perhaps independent evolutionary origin. In contrast, unfused PabB group and fused PabA/B proteins form a monophyletic group on a branch separate from the chorismate amination subunits of
There also are copy-number changes within conserved fungal kinase families. Phylogenetic analysis of the MAPK cascade revealed Basidiomycota-specific duplications in the MAPK genes (S. cerevisiae FUS3/KSS1) which are involved in the pheromone response, whereas HOG1 a p38 kinase, is single copy throughout the sampled fungi (Fig. S3).. We examined two additional gene families of significant size (cytochrome P450 and hydrophobins) to ask if duplicated paralogs from these families also are found in restricted chromosome regions. The P450 gene family (125 genes contain the Pfam domain) includes genes with metabolic roles in monooxygenase metabolism, and the family is implicated in the degradation capabilities of Phanerochaete chrysosporium on substrates ranging from lignin to diesel fuel (26, 27). Phylogenetic analysis shows that the expansion of the family was independent in P. chrysosporium and C. cinerea (SI Text and Fig. S4). Although scattered members of the P450 and other expanded families are ...
Photo/image Coprinus alopecia, Family: Agaricaceae. Location Buderupholm Bjergskov, Rold Skov, Jylland, Danmark. Photographer: JC Schou, Photoid 38503
Fungi are a vital part of the ecosystem. They are the earths recycling agents, decomposing dead plant material and returning nutrients to the soil. There is much to be learned about our macro-fungi with many species unstudied. Autumn and early winter is the most productive time in Australia for observing fungi, with a lesser flush in spring. I am not a mycologist, but rather, an enthusiastic amateur sharing my interest in the fascinating world of fungi ...
Kirk P.M. (2018). Species Fungorum (version Jan 2016). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2016 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2016. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X ...
Specimen Code: CUP-LP-000273; Determined By: G.T. Hill; Slant: no; -80° C Freezer: no; Herbarium: CCFB; d H2O: n/a; Collected By: G.T. Hill; Date(s) Collected: 4 Oct 1999; Soil type: HdD; Source: on humus/soil; Locality Code: Sector 8; Locality Name: Lindsay-Parsons Biodiversity Preserve; Township: West Danby, Tompkins Co.; State: NY; Elevation: 950 ft.-1050 ft.; Loc Latitude: 42°1853N; Loc Longitude: 76°3043W ...
The enzyme has been characterized from the fungus Coprinus cinereus. Also gives germacrene A and alpha-muurolene, see EC 4.2.3.23, germacrene-A synthase and EC 4.2.3.125, alpha-muurolene synthase ...
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Carolina® Microscope SlidesTop QualityAffordableBacked by expert technical supportFor over 70 years our mission has been to provide educators with top-quality microscope slides for botany, zoology, histology, embryology, parasitology, genetics, and pathology. We offer an extensive collection of ...
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Overall, there is a high degree of congruence between supertree and concatenated alignment phylogenies (Figures 1 &2). Unsurprisingly all phylogenies inferred 3 strongly supported phyla branches, the Zygomycota, the Basidiomycota and the Ascomycota (Figures 1 &2).. The Basidiomycota form a well-supported clade. The three members of the Hymenomycetes class form a robust sub-group with 100% bootstrap support (BP). Within the Hymenomycetes there is a clade containing the two members {Coprinus cinereus and Phanerochaete chrysosporium} of the order Agaricales, separate from Cryptococcus neoformans, which belongs to the order Tremellales.. The majority of the species studied in this analysis belong to the Ascomycota phylum. Within the Ascomycota there are two main subphyla, the Pezizomycotina and Saccharomycotina. Both these groups form separate well-supported sub-phyla clades (Figures 1 &2). Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the only member of the Schizosaccharomycetes, sits outside these two sub-phyla ...
Lorna first attended Southend High School for Girls and then attended University College London where she gained a BSc in Botany and a PhD in 1964. She and her sister were the first generation of their family to attend University. Lornas PhD studies were carried out under the supervision of Professor Dan Lewis FRS, who was a pioneer in fungal genetics having carried out work, for instance, in George Beadles laboratory, the co-discoverer with Ed Tatum of the one gene-one enzyme hypothesis, based on their studies of Neurospora crassa. In Dan Lewiss laboratory, Lorna started working on the basidiomycete fungus Coprinopsis cinerea (then known as Coprinus lagopus and subsequently C. cinerea). She became interested in how basidiomycete fungi are able to find successful mating partners, when there are so many individual mating types (or sexes) in nature. She soon realized that this was a case of these fungi having developed a sophisticated method of distinguishing self from non-self and she ...
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Isolated from the fungus Coprinus cinereus. The enzyme also forms (+)-delta-cadinene, beta-copaene, (+)-sativene and traces of several other sequiterpenoids [2-4]. It is found in many higher plants such as Magnolia grandiflora (Southern Magnolia) together with germacrene A [1]. See EC 4.2.3.13, (+)-delta-cadinene synthase, EC 4.2.3.127, beta-copaene synthase, EC 4.2.3.129, (+)-sativene synthase, and EC 4.2.3.23, germacrene A synthase ...
Coprinopsis cinerea is a species of mushroom in the family Psathyrellaceae. Commonly known as the gray shag, it is edible, but must be used promptly after collecting. Coprinopsis cinerea is an important model organism for studying fungal sex and mating types, mushroom development, and the evolution of multicellularity of fungi. The genome sequence was published in 2010. It is considered to be particularly suited organism to study meiosis, due to its synchronous meiotic development and prolonged prophase. Researchers in 2014 discovered a protein produced by Coprinopsis cinerea with antibiotic properties. The protein, known as copsin, has similar effects to other non-protein organically derived antibiotics. To date, it has not been determined whether antibiotic medicine for humans and other animals can be developed from this protein. Coprinopsis cinerea can be grown on complex (e.g. YMG, YMG/T) or minimal media (e.g. mKjalke medium), solid or liquid, with or without agitation, at 25 °C or ...
wild, lawn, mushroom, south africa, roodepoort, golden coral fungus, Ramaria, Beaked, Beret, Earthstar, Geastrum pectinatum, Termitomyces, Macrocybe, Indigo, Blue milk cap mushroom, Lactarius indigo, mould, yeast, mycology, fungi, fungus, cap, club, Deuteromycota, Oomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, description, definition, Yellow stinkhorn, P rubicundus, Agaricus diminutivus, Blackening Wax Gill, Hygrocybe nigrescens, Termite fungus, Termitomyces microcarpus, Common puffball, Vascellum pratense, Glistening Ink Cap, Coprinellus miaceus, Shaggy Ink Cap, Coprinus comatus, Johannesburg, Sandton, Pretoria, Roodepoort, Highveld, Gauteng, South Africa,
Instructions for use: Apply directly to the center of the lips and blend outwards for full, creamy coverage 0.14oz/ 3.4goz. Ingredients: Ricinus Communis {Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil], Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2, Ethiylhexyl Palmitate, Candelilla Cera [Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax], Isononyl Isononanoate, Ozokerite, Butyrospermum Parkii [Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter], Cetearyl Alcohol, Hydrogenated Polycyclopentadiene, Cera Microcristallina (Microcrystalline Wax), Isopropyl Myristate, Silica, Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate, Ceteareth-20, Propylene Carbonate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate, Stearalkonium Hectorite, Polyethylene, Caprylyl Glycol, Copernicia Cerifera Cera [Copernica Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax], Phenoxyethanol, Coprinus Comatus (Mushroom) Extract], Lecithin, Calophyllum Inophyllum (Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil), Simethicone, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sorbitan Isostearate, Dextrin, Water, Hexylene Glycol, Hydrogenated Phosphatidylcholine,
Instructions for use: Apply directly to the center of the lips and blend outwards for full, creamy coverage 0.14oz/ 3.4oz. Ingredients: Ricinus Communis {Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil], Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2, Ethiylhexyl Palmitate, Candelilla Cera [Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax], Isononyl Isononanoate, Ozokerite, Butyrospermum Parkii [Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter], Cetearyl Alcohol, Hydrogenated Polycyclopentadiene, Cera Microcristallina (Microcrystalline Wax), Isopropyl Myristate, Silica, Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate, Ceteareth-20, Propylene Carbonate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate, Stearalkonium Hectorite, Polyethylene, Caprylyl Glycol, Copernicia Cerifera Cera [Copernica Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax], Phenoxyethanol, Coprinus Comatus (Mushroom) Extract], Lecithin, Calophyllum Inophyllum (Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil), Simethicone, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sorbitan Isostearate, Dextrin, Water, Hexylene Glycol, Hydrogenated Phosphatidylcholine, Lysolecithin
Results of field observations, cross-breeding experiments, morphometry, and starch gel electrophoresis suggest that A. cinereus and A. najas are specifically distinct. Cross-breeding experiments between the two taxa in the laboratory were only successful when using males of A. cinereus and females of A. najas. Field observations on mixed populations in spring did not reveal any pre- or postcopulae involving partners of the two taxa (assigned by body length). Instead all pairs observed consisted of conspecific males and females. Morphometry of field caught adults of A. najas and A. cinereus yielded a clearly bimodal distribution of body length with only very few individuals of intermediate size. Therefore, body length alone allows reasonable separation of the two taxa in natural populations. Although F1-hybrids from laboratory rearings (photoperiod 18L:6D, temperature ∼ 23°C) differed only marginally in body length from A. najas reared under the same conditions, backcrosses and also F2-hybrids were of
i am studying endocytosis in coprinopsis cinerea (a mushroom), i tried using the Lysotracker Red to label the vacuoles-like compartment in the mycelium. The observations are new and strange to me. I could see some hollow circular structure, with only the membrane stained red, but at the same time , the lumen of some of the big circular organelles are also stained completely red. I would like to ask. whether lysotrakcer Red stain only the membrane of the acidic organelle or the entire lumen, or both ...
The influence of non-salamander heterospecifics on the demography and abundance of Red-Backed Salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) in the Credit River Watershed
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cc.snf5, a gene encoding a putative component of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, is essential for sexual development in the agaricomycete Coprinopsis cinerea. AU - Ando, Yuki. AU - Nakazawa, Takehito. AU - Oka, Kunihiko. AU - Nakahori, Kiyoshi. AU - Kamada, Takashi. PY - 2013/1. Y1 - 2013/1. N2 - We characterized a Coprinopsis cinerea mutant strain, Spe20, defective in fruiting initiation, which was isolated after restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) mutagenesis of a homokaryotic fruiting strain, 326. A plasmid rescue followed by complementation experiments, RACE, and cDNA analyses revealed that the gene, a mutation of which is responsible for the phenotype, is predicted to encode a protein that exhibits a high similarity to yeast Snf5p, a key component of the chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF, and named Cc.snf5. Cc.Snf5 is, however, different from Snf5p in that the former has, in addition to an Snf5 domain comprising N-terminal repeat1 (rp1) and C-terminal ...
A gene coding endo-β-1,3(4)-glucanase (ENG16A) was cloned from Coprinopsis cinerea and heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. ENG16A only acts on substrates containing β-1,3 glycosidic bonds but not on substrates containing only β-1,4- or β-1,6-glycosidic bonds. Interestingly, compared to the activity of this enzyme towards carboxymethyl (CM)-pachyman containing only β-1,3-glycosidic bonds ...
B vitamins are cofactors in literally thousands of enzymatic reactions in the body and are especially critical for energy-releasing reactions (glycolysis, Krebs cycle reactions, gluconeogenesis and lipolysis). Most physiological processes require multiple B vitamins, hence the wisdom of supplementing B-vitamins as a complex with a balance of all. B-Complex also contains choline and inositol, which are non-essential cofactors for efficient fat metabolism and cell membrane function.. B complex vitamins are involved as essential co-factors in thousands of enzymatic reactions that occur in the body.. Chief among these include: ...
Plant and fungal laccases belong to the family of multi-copper oxidases and show much broader substrate specificity than other members of the family. Laccases have consequently been of interest for potential industrial applications. We have analyzed the essential sequence features of fungal laccases based on multiple sequence alignments of more than 100 laccases. This has resulted in identification of a set of four ungapped sequence regions, L1-L4, as the overall signature sequences that can be used to identify the laccases, distinguishing them within the broader class of multi-copper oxidases. The 12 amino acid residues in the enzymes serving as the copper ligands are housed within these four identified conserved regions, of which L2 and L4 conform to the earlier reported copper signature sequences of multi-copper oxidases while L1 and L3 are distinctive to the laccases. The mapping of regions L1-L4 on to the three-dimensional structure of the Coprinus cinerius laccase indicates that many of ...
Background: The koala, Phascolarctos cinereus, is a biologically unique and evolutionarily distinct Australian arboreal marsupial. The goal of this study was to sequence the transcriptome from several tissues of two geographically separate koalas, and to create the first comprehensive catalog of annotated transcripts for this species, enabling detailed analysis of the unique attributes of this threatened native marsupial, including infection by the koala retrovirus. Results: RNA-Seq data was generated from a range of tissues from one male and one female koala and assembled de novo into transcripts using Velvet-Oases. Transcript abundance in each tissue was estimated. Transcripts were searched for likely protein-coding regions and a nonredundant set of 117,563 putative protein sequences was produced. In similarity searches there were 84,907 (72%) sequences that aligned to at least one sequence in the NCBI nr protein database. The best alignments were to sequences from other marsupials. After applying a
Understanding animal mating systems is an important component of their conservation, yet the precise mating times for many species of bats are unknown. The aim of this study was to better understand the details and timing of reproductive events in species of bats that die most frequently at wind turbines in North America, because such information can help inform conservation strategies.. We examined the reproductive anatomy of hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus), eastern red bats (L. borealis), and silver-haired bats (Lasionycteris noctivagans) found dead beneath industrial-scale wind turbines to learn more about when they mate. We evaluated 103 L. cinereus, 18 L. borealis, and 47 Ln. noctivagans from wind energy facilities in the United States and Canada. Histological analysis revealed that most male L. cinereus and L. borealis, as well as over half the Ln. noctivagans examined had sperm in the caudae epididymides by late August, indicating readiness to mate.. Testes regression in male hoary bats ...
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In the Plethodon cinereus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579-599. See accounts by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 361-363, and Highton, 1986, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 392. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 812-814, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 389-390, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.. ...
basidiomycetes definition: Plural as a type of basidiomycete.; a phylum of fungi utilizing the Basidiomycota.; The set of fungi in which the spores tend to be borne on basidia, such as the Hymenomycetes,…
Could be Coprinopsis lagopus, Hares Foot Inkcap. Picture taken March 9.. If you can help with identification please leave a comment below.. Save. ...
Band 7a: Claussen, P.: Abteilung Eumyce- tes (Fungi). Klasse Basidiomycetes. Unterklasse II: Fischer, Eubasidii, Reihe Gastromycetae. (1933). Reprint 1978. 91 Fig. 122 S. Ln. ...
The mushrooms; Lentinus subnudus Berk (M1), Chlorophyllum molybdities (Meyer: Fr.) Masse (M2), Volvariella esculenta (Mass) Singer (M3), Coprinus atramentarius (Bull.:Fr) Fr (M4), Pleurotus ostreatus Jacq (M5), Termitomyces microcarpus (Berk et Broome) Heim (M6) and Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél. (M7) were collected from Federal College of Agriculture campus, Akure, Ondo State, southwest part of Nigeria. The bad or rotten samples were sorted out. The samples were oven dried at 65°C for 72 hours and were then pounded into powdered form using porcelain pestle and mortar. The milled samples were then sieved with a 2 mm mesh sized sieve and stored in waterproof polyethylene bags at room temperature for further analysis.. The proximate and mineral compositions were determined as described by AOAC, [5], while phytate content was determined using the methods described by Abulude and Ojediran [1]. The calorific values in kilojoules were calculated by multiplying the crude fat, protein and ...
2006) - including lignin peroxidases (8), manganese peroxidases (8), other oxidoreductases (87) and glycoside hydrolases (90). 7). The lignolytic basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea is predicted to secrete 1,769 proteins and 76 of these have been identified as enzymes (Bouws et al. 2008). The physical structure of plant detritus is an important determinant of the order in which the polymers are degraded. Soluble carbohydrates may be located on the outer fiber structures of litter or diffuse out of the complex, making them susceptible to the early colonizers in the degradation sequence. In other words, the allocation of resources to generating and externalizing enzymes must be compensated by the gain in energy and nutrients for the processes of microbial growth and cell division. However, soil is an hostile environment and once extracellular enzymes leave the cell they are subject to denaturation, degradation, adsorption and dilution. The locations and functions of enzymes in soil have been ...
The copK gene is localized on the pMOL30 plasmid of Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 within the complex cop cluster of genes, for which 21 genes have been identified. The expression of the corresponding periplasmic CopK protein is strongly upregulated in the presence of copper, leading to a high periplasmic accumulation. The structure and metal-binding properties of CopK were investigated by NMR and mass spectrometry. The protein is dimeric in the apo state with a dissociation constant in the range of 10(-5) M estimated from analytical ultracentrifugation. Mass spectrometry revealed that CopK has two high-affinity Cu(I)-binding sites per monomer with different Cu(I) affinities. Binding of Cu(II) was observed but appeared to be non-specific. The solution structure of apo-CopK revealed an all-beta fold formed of two beta-sheets in perpendicular orientation with an unstructured C-terminal tail. The dimer interface is formed by the surface of the C-terminal beta-sheet. Binding of the first Cu(I)-ion ...
G. castaneus is one of the blandest boletes. It has a circular pileus with a central stipe and features dull colors. You usually find this mushroom because there was something else interesting nearby or because you almost stepped on it. The Chestnut Boletes most interesting physical feature is its small size; it grows only 2-10cm across and 3-9cm tall, much smaller than the vast majority of boletes.1-3. The pileus is hemispherical at first but flattens out and sometimes turns up slightly as the mushroom ages. Cracks in the pileus often develop from the pileus margin inward as the mushroom gets older. The pileus is usually a medium brown (chestnut), though it can be more orangish or yellowish. Most specimens have a smooth pileus, but some are finely fuzzy. Inside the cap, the flesh is white and uninteresting.1-3. Underneath, the spore-producing tubes begin whitish and slowly turn yellowish as the spores mature. Unlike most boletes, G. castaneus produces a light yellow spore print. The tubes near ...
Young pileus is bell-shaped, 30-80 mm in diameter, and enlarges to a wide convex knob-like structure as it ages. The underside of the pileus reveals narrow lamellae, which form maze-like patterns near the stipe. The stem is 5-20 mm in diameter and emerges from branched rhizomorphs. The pileus has a flat underside and convex upper side, with a slightly elevated umbo. The outer border of the umbo typically has a shallow depression, with the edges occasionally undulated and raised upward as the fungus ages. The surface of the pileus is slippery and can appear smooth or creased. Reddish brown spots cover the surface of the pileus, which also displays light brown to light orange splotches in the young fungus that fade over time [1]. R. laulaha occupies elevational gradients within the montane and mesic rain forests of Hawaii. It spans a geographic range encompassing the mountainous slopes of the three Hawaiian Islands: Kauai, Maui, and Hawaii Island, and is also found in the Neotropics. The ...
Although the species range appears large, in the last decade, actual distribution has shrunk, especially in the west, compared to historical records. They are currently found from the Himalayan foothills of Himachal Pradesh eastward throughout south Asia, extending up to Philippines and down through Indonesia. A population which was previously thought to be isolated, exists in the hill ranges of the Western Ghats, and more recently they have been reported from protected areas in the Eastern Ghats which might better explain their distribution in South India. Their range in the Western Ghats too has increased with sightings and evidence being reported from the northern Western Ghats, well extending their range beyond the hills of Coorg and Ashambu. They were formerly found in Sri Lanka, but their current status there is unknown. The only areas in which these animals are today known to be common are Peninsular Malaysia, especially in Kedah, in the western forests and southern marshes of Thailand, ...
Steele, C.L., Crock, J., Bohlmann, J. and Croteau, R. (1998). "Sesquiterpene synthases from grand fir (Abies grandis). Comparison of constitutive and wound-induced activities, and cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of δ-selinene synthase and γ-humulene synthase". J. Biol. Chem. 273: 2078-2089. PMID 9442047. ...
Project Description. Investigating MHC-based mate choice in the captive Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) population in the San Diego Zoo.. Education. Undergraduate: B.S. Biology and Wildlife Ecology UW-Madison.. Research Interest. Zoo biology, captive breeding, the use of molecular techniques to inform wildlife management, population genetics, quantitative genetics, and animal behavior. I am also interested in outreach and extension.. ...
Several instances of emerging diseases in humans appear to be caused by the spillover of viruses endemic to bats, either directly or through other animal intermediaries. The objective of this study was to detect, identify and characterize viruses in bats in the province of Manitoba and other regions of Canada. Bats were sampled from three sources: live-trapped Myotis lucifugus from Manitoba, rabies-negative Eptesicus fuscus, M. lucifugus, M. yumanensis, M. septentrionalis, M. californicus, M. evotis, Lasionycteris (L.) noctivagans and Lasiurus (Las.) cinereus, provided by the Centre of Expertise for Rabies of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), and L. noctivagans, Las. cinereus and Las. borealis collected from a wind farm in Manitoba. We attempted to isolate viruses from fresh tissue samples taken from trapped bats in cultured cells of bat, primate, rodent, porcine, ovine and avian origin. We also screened bat tissues by PCR using primers designed to amplify nucleic acids from members of certain
Click here for basidiomycetes fungi pictures! You can also find pictures of aureobasidium fungi, beauveria fungi, benzoinum fungi.
Graves, Brent and Quinn, V S., "Temporal Persistence of Alarm Pheromones in Skin Secretions of the Salamander, Plethodon Cinereus" (2000). Journal Articles. 324 ...
Boletus fungus. Light micrograph of a section through tissue from the fruiting body of a Boletus sp. mushroom, showing the hymenium (dark red) of the fruiting body, with basidia and basidiospores (round, pink-red). The Boletus has tubes which lead to pores on the underside of the cap, this image shows the tubular wall made up of hyphae (light pink) that lead to the inside of the tube, the hymenium. The hymenium is made up of basidia. Each basidium ends in four sterigma each bearing one basidiospore. The basidia, shoot the basidiospores, into the tube and out of the pore, where air currents disperse them. Magnification: x70 when printed 10 centimetres wide. - Stock Image C011/6204
The koala, Phascolarctos cinereus, is a biologically unique and evolutionarily distinct Australian arboreal marsupial that is frequently regarded as an iconic symbol of conservation due to a range of threatening processes such as disease and habitat loss. The Koala Genome Consortium is a multi-disciplinary collaboration utilizing both genomic and transcriptomic data to investigate conservation in this species via a genomics approach.. This presentation will report de novo koala genome and transcriptome assembly and annotation, including the unique molecular attributes we have discovered for this iconic, monotypic marsupial. Three geographically separate koalas (two female and one male), have been genome sequenced at 50x-100x coverage using a range of platforms (including illumina and PacBio) and RNAseq for ,15 tissues will be included. We report evidence for copy number expansion of the alpha amylase gene, aldehyde reductase gene and an assessment of koala phylogeographic history, which ...
Confirmation bias is the tendency of observers to see what they expect to see while conducting scientific research. Although confirmation bias has been well-studied by psychologists in the context of qualitative judgments, it has been much less studied with respect to the kinds of quantitative observations made by behavioral biologists. We carried out two experiments that used multiple observers of the aggression and foraging behaviors of red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) to determine whether behavioral observations were influenced by the a priori expectations of observers. In both experiments, one group of observers was given a specific set of expectations with respect to sex differences in salamander behavior, while a second group was given the opposite set of expectations. In one experiment, observers collected data on variable sets of live salamanders, while in the other experiment, observers collected data from identical videotaped trials. Across experiments and observed ...
The Australian koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is a remarkable animal, and is one of only a few animals, that is capable of surviving on a naturally foliar diet of eucalyptus leaves. Over time, the Koala has evolved several physiological adaptations that allow it to cope with this high fibre, low protein diet. Low metabolic rates allow koalas to retain food within their digestive system for a long period of time, maximizing the amount of energy able to be extracted. Cork and Warner conducted interesting studies on the digestion and metabolism of Eucalyptus foliage in koalas. Using radioisotopic markers, they examined the passage of particulate and solute digesta through the alimentary tract of the koala. They found that the solute marker was retained for longer periods of time than the particulate marker. The mean retention times for the solute and particulate markers were 213 hours and 99 hours respectively. These times are longer than those reported in most other mammals (1983). The selective ...
Devadoss, P (1979) Observations on the maturity, breeding and development of Scoliodon laticaudus Muller and Henle off Calicut coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 21 (1 & 2). pp. 103-110. Devadoss, P and Pillai, P K Mahadevan (1979) Observations on the food and feeding habits of the eel, Muraenesox cinereus (Forskal) from Porto Novo. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 26 (1&2). pp. 244-246. Khan, Mohammad Zafar (1979) A note on the occurrence of a large sized spotted Butterfish Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) at Rajpara (Gujarat). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 21 (1 & 2). p. 193. Menon, N G (1979) On a new myxosporidian Henneguya tachysuri sp. Nov. from the marine catfish Tachysurus thalassinus (Ruppell) from the Gulf of Mannar. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 21 (1 & 2). pp. 196-199. Mojumder, P and Dan, S S (1979) Studies on food and feeding habits of catfish Tachysurus tenuispinis (Day). Indian Journal of Fisheries, 26 (1&2). ...
Hi Dan. Hydnellums everywhere! I suspect this is Hydnellum spongiosipes. Heres another dichotomy from Sean Westmorelands thesis.. 25. Growing under pines or other conifers; pileus tomentose; staining brown when fresh where bruised, context of pileus and stipe not deeply duplex, usually with light-colored zone lines and mottling; spores 5-6 × 4-5 µm. H. ferrugineum (=H. pineticola). 25. Growing under deciduous tress, mainly oak; pileus and stipe spongy tomentose; not as easily bruising brown when handled fresh; context of pileus and stipe deeply duplex, lacking light-colored zone lines and mottling; spores larger, 6-7 × 5-6 µm. H. spongiosipes ...
NANOS2 Full-Length MS Protein Standard (NP_001025032), Labeled with [U- 13C6, 15N4]-L-Arginine and [U- 13C6, 15N2]-L-Lysine, was produced in human 293 cells (HEK293) with fully chemically defined cell culture medium to obtain incorporation efficiency at Creative-Proteomics. Plays a key role in the sexual differentiation of germ cells by promoting the male fate but suppressing the female fate. Represses the female fate pathways by suppressing meiosis, which in turn results in the promotion of the male fate. Maintains the suppression of meiosis by preventing STRA8 expression, which is required for premeiotic DNA replication, after CYP26B1 is decreased. Regulates the localization of the CCR4-NOT deadenylation complex to P-bodies and plays a role in recruiting the complex to trigger the degradation of mRNAs involved in meiosis. Required for the maintenance of the spermatogonial stem cell population. Not essential for the assembly of P-bodies but is required for the maintenance of their normal state.
An agaric /ˈæɡərɪk/ or /əˈɡærɪk/ is a type of mushroom[1] fungus fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus (cap) that is clearly differentiated from the stipe (stalk), with lamellae (gills) on the underside of the pileus. "Agaric" can also refer to a basidiomycete species characterized by an agaric-type fruiting body. Archaically agaric meant tree-fungus (after Latin agaricum); however, that changed with the Linnaean interpretation in 1753 when Linnaeus used the generic name Agaricus for gilled mushrooms.. Most species of agarics are within orders of and describe the members of the order Agaricales in the subphylum Agaricomycotina. The exceptions, where agarics have evolved independently, feature largely in the orders Russulales, Boletales, Hymenochaetales and several other groups of the overarching phylum Basidiomycetes. Old systems of classification place all agarics in the Agaricales and some (mostly older) sources use "agarics" as the colloquial collective noun for ...
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat, but larger colonies become increasingly dome shaped, developing into regular or irregular, hollow hemispheres. The colour photo is the edge of a rim of a large, domed specimen. Corallites are numerous, and all of the same size, (though a larger central one can sometimes be found at the top of the dome or in the centre of the disk). Septa run discontinuously down the sides, and are usually very sharp. Colonies are brown to cream, usually with a purple rim. (Sheppard, 1998 ...
Although we have shown that the formant frequency spacing of male koala bellows is a reliable acoustic cue to body size relative to other conspecifics, the VTLs we derived from the formant spacing are unusually long for a koala. Observations of bellowing males indicate that they typically extend their necks during the exhalation and initial inhalation phases of bellows, by raising the head so that the lower jaw is aligned with the lower part of the neck (see Fig. 2D,E), and the distance from the top of the sternum to the lips is around 18 cm when the head is raised. However, the vocal tract lengths we derived from the formant spacing of the exhalation and initial inhalation sections of bellows (of 22.0 and 24.7 cm, respectively) are several centimetres longer than this, suggesting that male koalas are using their deeply anchored sternothyroid muscle to retract the larynx inside the thoracic cavity during call production. Other mammals possess sternothyroid muscles that originate deep in the ...
The pharmacokinetic profile of meloxicam in clinically healthy koalas (n = 15) was investigated. Single doses of meloxicam were administered intravenously (i.v.) (0.4 mg/kg; n = 5), subcutaneously (s.c.) (0.2 mg/kg; n = 1) or orally (0.2 mg/kg; n = 3), and multiple doses were administered to two groups of koalas via the oral or s.c. routes (n = 3 for both routes) with a loading dose of 0.2 mg/kg for day 1 followed by 0.1 mg/kg s.i.d for a further 3 days. Plasma meloxicam concentrations were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Following i.v. administration, meloxicam exhibited a rapid clearance (CL) of 0.44 ± 0.20 (SD) L/h/kg, a volume of distribution at terminal phase (Vz) of 0.72 ± 0.22 L/kg and a volume of distribution at steady state (Vss) of 0.22 ± 0.12 L/kg. Median plasma terminal half-life (t1/2) was 1.19 h (range 0.71-1.62 h). Following oral administration either from single or repeated doses, only maximum peak plasma concentration (Cmax 0.013 ± 0.001 and 0.014 ± ...
The sexual cycle of C. neoformans has been studied for more than three decades, yet many aspects about the role of mating in the biology of this fungus remain to be resolved. One key example is a lack of knowledge about the events occurring in the basidium that result in nuclear reduction and the production of chains of spores, and the focus of this investigation. The ideal approach to examine spore production is a genetic one, i.e., by analyzing genetic markers in progeny derived from a single basidium. Just such an approach can be achieved by careful micromanipulation of the spores from the ends of basidia, and in this study the nature of the reductive event in the basidium is defined genetically by taking whole basidia and analyzing the phenotypes of all progeny.. Spores derived from 101 individual basidia were isolated and their phenotypes determined (Table 1). The data can be analyzed and interpreted in a number of ways: the interpretation placed here is that in a C. neoformans basidium ...
The flying squirrels, scientifically known as Pteromyini or Petauristini, are a tribe of squirrel (family Sciuridae). There are 43 species in this tribe, the largest of which is the woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus). The 2 species of the genus Glaucomys (Glaucomys sabrinus and Glaucomys volans) are native to North America. It is these that are commonly meant when the name "flying squirrel" is used in English.. The term "flying" is somewhat of an inappropriate, since flying squirrels are actually gliders incapable of true flight. This animal achieves gliding by launching off the tops of trees and extending flaps of skin stretched from arms to legs. Once they have launched themselves into the air they are highly maneuverable while in flight. Steering is accomplished by adjusting tautness of the skin, largely controlled by a small cartilaginous wrist bone. The tail acts as a stabilizer in flight, much like the tail of a kite. It is used when "braking" prior to landing on a tree trunk. ...
Pileus 1-2(4) cm wide, thimble down to conical glockig, convex, on the edge with bright, transient Velum residues (similar p. papilionaceus);. Cap skin dry, smooth, or at the top rugos; hygrophan; Colour moist Brown until grauschwarzlich, ausblassend with a lighter margin, drying.. Lamellae gray to black, with weblicher Schneidge, relatively away standing, bulge, ascending broadly grown.. Stalk up to approx. 100 × 2 mm, cylindrical; Colour reddish brown to purple brown, top web frosting, against the base web tomentose.. (Type of studies ...
SSC CGL GK Questions Asked on 7 September 2016, SSC Online Exam GK Questions, GK/ GA Questions of SSC CGL Exam Morning and Evening shift (I, II, III).
Leymus Hochst., a polyploid perennial genus in the wheat tribe (Poaceae: Triticeae), includes about 30 species that distribute in a wide range of ecological habitats over the temperate and subtropical and tropic alpine regions [1-3]. The natural habitats of Leymus species range from coastal to inland areas, including saline or alkaline lands, dry or semi-dry areas, as well as shady and moist forests. Morphologically, Leymus species exhibit large variation with absent (L. akmolinensis) to strong rhizomes (L. racemosus), single (L. ambiguus) to multiple spikelets (L. cinereus) per node, erectly involute (L. paboanus) to loosely flat (L. multicaulis) leaf, and subulate (L. innovatus) to lanceolate (L. arenarius) to absent (L. duthiei) glumes [1, 3-5].. The sectional delimitation of Leymus has been proposed by different scholars (See Table S1, Additional File 1). According to morphological characteristics, Tzvelev [4] and Löve [1] divided Leymus into four sections: sect. Leymus, sect. Anisopyrum, ...
Stipe to Cormier, critics: Stop crying and shut up. Page 2 - UFC heavyweight champion Stipe Miocic is reaching the tail end of recovery from an eye injury
A radially expandable surgical stent 10 is provided for implantation into a body lumen. The stent 10 includes a series of circumferential elements 20 circumscribing a central axis 4 of the stent 10 and axially spaced from each other by gaps 40. Each circumferential element 20 includes a wave-like series of bends 30. Each bend 30 has one side defining a trough 32 in and an opposite side defining a crest 36. The trough 32 is that side of the bend 30 most distant from adjacent circumferential elements 20. The crest 36 is that side of each bend 30 closest to adjacent circumferential elements 20. Axial elements 50 span each gap 40 with ends of each axial element 50 attaching to circumferential elements 20 at troughs 32. Some of the axial elements 50 are configured as tie bars 51 extending linearly axially between adjacent circumferential elements 20. Other axial elements 50 can be configured as double bend links 60 extending between adjacent circumferential elements 20. The double bend links 60 include a
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CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what youre studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. ...
Todays parasite is about as Aussie as they come - Trypanosoma irwini - a blood parasite named in honour of the late Steve "Crocodile Hunter" Irwin. Whats more, this parasite infects an iconic Australian host, none other than the Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus). While the vector host for T. irwini is currently unknown, it is likely that this parasite features a life-cycle broadly similar to other trypanosomes we have featured on this blog - that is alternating sexual and asexual stages in a vector host and a vertebrate host. Trypanosoma irwini is by no mean the only unique Trypanosoma found in Australian. Scientists have been describing many novel species of Trypanosoma from the marsupials of Australia, and no doubt there are many, many more waiting to be discovered ...
There is one great group of fungi called Basidiomycetes, so named from having their stalked spores produced on basidia.. The Basidia-bearing fungi, or Basidiomycetes, are divided into three classes, as has been already stated.. There are many books on British fungi for students, but we want some popular work easy to understand, with no technical expressions.. We procured a list of works on fungi, and looked for some volume not too deep for our comprehension nor too costly for our purse.. We could go on prolonging our search, and describe many wonderful fungi, so easily found on a summer day, but as our object is to excite curiosity and interest and not fatigue the reader, we will here pause, and afterward arrange the descriptions of mushrooms in a separate section.. The peculiarity of growth first arises from a tendency of certain fungi to assume a circular form.. Before we begin our list of fungi, let us learn what a mushroom is, and know something of its component parts.. There is a group of ...
... Zygotene is the stage of meiotic prophase which instantly follows the leptotene and during which synapsis of homologous
The Seattle Times, Slate, and other outlets have run interesting stories in the last couple of days discussing a new initiative that will appear on this Novembers ballot in San Francisco--and hold onto your privates, gentlemen: It would ban circumcision for all minors (under age 18), rendering it a misdemeanor punishable by up to one…
The Seattle Times, Slate, and other outlets have run interesting stories in the last couple of days discussing a new initiative that will appear on this Novembers ballot in San Francisco--and hold onto your privates, gentlemen: It would ban circumcision for all minors (under age 18), rendering it a misdemeanor punishable by up to one…
Fungi: Basidiomycetes and Lower Fungi v.4B: An Advanced Treatise: Basidiomycetes and Lower Fungi Vol 4B (Volume 4B) by Ainsworth, G.C. Sparrow, F.K. Sussman, A.S. (Eds.) and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at AbeBooks.com.
Ab hac differt nostra statura paullo minore; pileo e viridi subolivaceo, glutine spisso tenaci obtecto (S&A), from this [sc. species] ours differs by the size somewhate smaller, by the pileus green to almost olive-color, covered with a dense, tough gluten ...
en] The cloning and sequencing of the rbpa gene coding for a versatile peroxidase from a novel Bjerkandera strain is hereby reported. The 1777 bp isolated fragment contained a 1698 bp peroxidase-encoding gene, interrupted by 11 introns. The 367 amino acid-deduced sequence includes a 27 amino acid-signal peptide. The molecular model, built via homology modelling with crystal structures of four fungal peroxidases, highlighted the amino acid residues putatively involved in manganese binding and aromatic substrate oxidation. The potential heme pocket residues (R44, F47, H48, E79, N85, H177, F194 and D239) include both distal and proximal histidines (H48 and H177). RBP possesses potential calcium-binding residues (D49, G67, D69, S71, S178, D195, T197, I200 and D202) and eight cysteine residues (C3, C15, C16, C35, C121, C250, C286, C316). In addition, RIBP includes residues involved in substrate oxidation: three acidic residues (E37, E41 and D183)-putatively involved in manganese binding and H83 and ...
Adams-Hosking C, Mcbride MF, Baxter G, Burgman M, de Villiers D, Kavanagh R, Lawler I, Lunney D, Melzer A, Menkhorst P, Molsher R, Moore BD, Phalen D, Rhodes JR, Todd C, Whisson D, Mcalpine CA, (2016) Use of expert knowledge to elicit population trends for the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), Diversity and Distributions, vol.22, no.3, pp 249-262. Agegnehu G, Bass AM, Nelson PN, Bird MI, (2016) Benefits of biochar, compost and biochar-compost for soil quality, maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions in a tropical agricultural soil, Science of the Total Environment, vol.543, pp 295-306. Ahrens C, James EA, (2016) Conserving the small milkwort, Comesperma polygaloides, a vulnerable subshrub in a fragmented landscape, Conservation Genetics, vol.17, no.4, pp 891-901. Ahrens C, James EA, (2016) Genetic variation and regional structure in a changing environment influence our conservation approach for Ptilotus macrocephalus (Amaranthaceae), Journal of Heredity, vol.107, pp 238-247. Alagoz Y, ...
Mycelial fungi have a growth form which is unique among multicellular organisms. The data presented here suggest that they have developed a unique solution to internal solute translocation involving a complex, extended vacuole. In all filamentous fungi examined, this extended vacuole forms an interconnected network, dynamically linked by tubules, which has been hypothesized to act as an internal distribution system. We have tested this hypothesis directly by quantifying solute movement within the organelle by photobleaching a fluorescent vacuolar marker. Predictive simulation models were then used to determine the transport characteristics over extended length scales. This modeling showed that the vacuolar organelle forms a functionally important, bidirectional diffusive transport pathway over distances of millimeters to centimeters. Flux through the pathway is regulated by the dynamic tubular connections involving homotypic fusion and fission. There is also a strongly predicted interaction among
Some mushrooms are poisonous to dogs, although it is a challenge to identify the mushrooms consumed by a dog if the dog spends time in wooded areas or outdoors. There are many classifications of...
Here at Drugnet, our Mushroom Dangers research has been extensive, and we do that to make sure we bring you updated information regarding all topics.
The scaly inky cap (Coprinus variegatus = Coprinus quadrifidus) has a grayish-brown cap with dull white to brownish scales; its ... Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species ... Uljé, K. "Coprinus micaceus". Kees Uljé Coprinus site. Retrieved 2010-04-14.. ... Coprinus-like) mushrooms were in fact unrelated to each other. This culminated in a 2001 revision of the genus Coprinus, which ...
"Isolation and characterization of rad51 orthologs from Coprinus cinereus and Lycopersicon esculentum, and phylogenetic ...
Similarly, there are other mushrooms, like Parasola plicatilis (formerly Coprinus plicatlis), that grow rapidly overnight and ...
The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of their rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.enCC0Creative Commons Zero, Public Domain Dedicationfalsefalse ...
"Insights into evolution of multicellular fungi from the assembled chromosomes of the mushroom Coprinopsis cinerea (Coprinus ...
Fischer, B.; Yawalkar, N.; Brander, KA.; Pichler, WJ.; Helbling, A. (October 1999). "Coprinus comatus (shaggy cap) is a ... Some fungal air-borne allergens such as Coprinus comatus are associated with worsening of eczematous skin lesions.[35] Children ...
... and was known for her genetic and molecular analysis of the mushroom Coprinus cinereus and Coprinus lagopus. ...
Since Coprinus comatus is the type species of Coprinus, only that species and its close relatives C. sterquilinus and C. ... Coprinus is a small genus of mushroom-forming fungi consisting of Coprinus comatus (the shaggy mane) and several of its close ... Coprinus atramentarius - now Coprinopsis atramentaria (Common inkcap). *Coprinus micaceus - now Coprinellus micaceus (Mica cap) ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coprinus.. *"The Genus Coprinus: The Inky Caps" by Michael Kuo, MushroomExpert.com, ...
Coprinus picaceus (Bull.: Fr.) Gray. pisana tintnica. Discina parma Breit. &. M. Geest.. ščitasta medaljonka. ...
"Coprinus atramentarius (Bull.: Fr.) Fr. - Epicrisis: 243. 1838". Coprinus (studies in coprinus). Retrieved 2009-07-31. Fuhrer B ... Previously known as Coprinus atramentarius, it is the second best known ink cap and previous member of the genus Coprinus after ... John S (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon. International Association for Plant ... Michelot, Didier (1992). "Poisoning by Coprinus atramentarius". Natural Toxins. 1 (2): 73-80. doi:10.1002/nt.2620010203. PMID ...
Agger, S.; Lopez-Gallego, F.; Schmidt-Dannert, C. (2009). "Diversity of sesquiterpene synthases in the basidiomycete Coprinus ... "Sesquiterpene synthases Cop4 and Cop6 from Coprinus cinereus: catalytic promiscuity and cyclization of farnesyl pyrophosphate ... diphosphate This enzyme is isolated from the fungus Coprinus cinereus. ...
First described as Coprinus pyrrhanthes by the mycologist Henri Romagnesi in 1951, it was later transferred to the genus ... Fungi portal List of Coprinellus species Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J & Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers ... and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon. 50 (1): 203-41. doi:10.2307/1224525. ...
Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo JM, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species ... It was first described as Coprinus subimpatiens by mycologists M. Lange and Alexander H. Smith in 1952, and later transferred ... Fungi portal List of Coprinellus species Lange M, Smith AH (1952). "Species concept in the genus Coprinus". Dansk botanisk ...
Coprinus atramentarius (common inkcap), and Imperator torosus (brawny bolete) among others Alcohol intolerance John Marx; Ron ...
Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species ... Fungi portal List of Coprinellus species Lange M, Smith AH (1952). "Species concept in the genus Coprinus". Dansk botanisk ...
Uljé K. "Coprinus auricomus Pat. - - (NL: Kastanje-inktzwam 026.05.0)". Kees Uljé Coprinus site. Retrieved 2012-09-06. Uljé K ... Amanita, Lepiota, Coprinus". Dansk botanisk Arkiv. 2 (3): 1-53 (see p. 48). "Coprinus hansenii J.E. Lange 1915". MycoBank. ... Uljé K. "Coprinus lilatinctus Bender & Uljé - (NL: Paars plooirokje, 027.22.0)". Kees Uljé Coprinus site. Retrieved 2012-09-06 ... Uljé K. "Coprinus kuehneri Uljé & Bas - (NL: Kleinsporig plooirokje, 026.96.0)". Kees Uljé Coprinus site. Retrieved 2012-09-06 ...
"Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon. 50 (1): 203-241. doi:10.2307/1224525. Coprinellus ... Found in Europe, it was first described as Coprinus ellisii by Peter D. Orton in 1960, and later transferred to the genus ...
Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species ... It was first described as Coprinus aureogranulatus by mycologists C.B. Uljé and A. Aptroot in 1998, and later transferred to ... Fungi portal List of Coprinellus species Uljé CB, Aptroot A, van Iperen A (1998). "A new Coprinus from Papua New Guinea ...
Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species ...
Fungi portal List of Coprinellus species Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. ... and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon. 50 (1): 203-241. doi:10.2307/1224525. Coprinellus bisporiger in ...
Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species ... With a number of molecular studies a large portion of the genera formerly placed in Coprinaceae, including Coprinus, have been ... The generic epithet Coprinites is in reference to the genus similarity to the modern genus Coprinus. The specific epithet " ...
Lange, M. (1952) Species concept in the genus Coprinus. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 14: 1-164. Petersen, Ronald H. (1995) There's More ...
Coprinus miser Coprinus stercoreus Pilaira moreaui Didymium difforme BBC NEWS , World , Europe , Isle of Man , Climate ...
... (Coprinus nivea) or "Snowy ink cap" is a species of fungus from the family Psathyrellaceae. Members of this ...
... coprinus MeSH B05.179.100.350 --- grifola MeSH B05.179.100.650 --- pleurotus MeSH B05.179.100.750 --- schizophyllum MeSH ...
... is a large genus of about 400 species, and is similar to the genera Coprinellus, Coprinopsis, Coprinus and ...
Cross-linking of tyrosine-containing peptides by hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase. In: European Food ... Cross-linking of tyrosine-containing peptides by hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase. / Steffensen, C.L. ( ... keywords = "Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase, Cross-linking, ESR, MALDI-tof MS, FTIR, Tyrosyl radical", ... Hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase (CIP) can initiate polymerization of tyrosine-containing peptides via ...
Coprinus comatus (O.F.M ller) Gray - inviati in Schede dei Funghi Basidiomycota: Agaricales s.l.: Coprinus comatus (O.F. M ll ... Coprinus ovatus (Schaeff.) Fr., Epicrisis systematis mycologici (Uppsala): 242 (1838). Coprinus ovatus = Coprinus comatus fo. ... Coprinus comatus var. caprimammillatus Bogart, The Genus Coprinus in Washington and Adjacent Western States [Ph.D. dissertation ... Coprinus comatus var. caprimammillatus Bogart, The Genus Coprinus in Washington and Adjacent Western States [Ph.D. dissertation ...
volvacea and other basidiomycete RGS proteins from Schizophyllum commune and Coprinus cinereus belong to the same clade. ...
COPRINUS COMATUS (MUSHROOM) EXTRACT • LECITHIN • CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM SEED OIL • SIMETHICONE • TOCOPHERYL ACETATE • SORBITAN ...
I think theyre probably Coprinus cinereus, which apparently tend to turn up in manure, so Im guessing they dug some manure ...
S: (n) Coprinus, genus Coprinus (genus of black-spotted agarics in which the cap breaks down at maturity into an inky fluid; ...
Define melt. melt synonyms, melt pronunciation, melt translation, English dictionary definition of melt. v. melt·ed , melt·ing , melts v. intr. 1. To be changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heat. 2. To dissolve: Sugar melts in...
Send in your song demo or audio performance to the Radical Mycology Mixtape Project! Despite the fact that millions of people around the world hold a strong passion for mycology, there surprisingly isnt much music that directly relates to the topic. Apart from the requisite fungally-themed electronic music albums and occasional country-westernesque mushroom hunting ballad,…
Coconut water was found to be the most appropriate medium for the growth of Coprinus comatus. It favored the efficient ... Coconut water was found to be the most appropriate medium for the growth of Coprinus comatus. It favored the efficient ...
Primed Coprinus comatus. *PRIMED I PRIMEDERMA. *Primed Kordiceps. *Primed Reishi broken spore ...
... work time-table applied to hospital nursing personnel Isolation and identification of an antileukemia substance from Coprinus ...
regulace alude n ch a st evn ch probl m , zejm na p i gastrointestin ln m z n tu + Reishi, Shiitake, Coprinus ...
Species identification, while very important, was not the be all and end all of the Archive.. This list gives the sections and parts of the Archive where each species is shown.. Species are listed in order of first appearance. Some species make repeat appearances.. The most complete identification occurred for Orchids, Birds and Fauna. Identification was less complete for ...
Coprinus Key. *Roger Phillips Checklist. *Fungi on moths. *Fungus Key (Roger Phillips) ...
Coprinus Key. *Roger Phillips Checklist. *Fungi on moths. *Fungus Key (Roger Phillips) ...
Hopple JS, Vilgalys R (1999) Phylogenetic relationships in the mushroom genus coprinus and dark-spored allies based on sequence ...
Use the space below to draw a picture of the Coprinus basidiospores and basidia as you viewed under the microscope. ... View the cross section slide of the Coprinus mushroom. *Can you locate the basiodispores? ...
Types Neurotoxic mushrooms Amanita muscaria and pantherina ( ) Inocybe and Clitocybe species (parasympathetic) Coprinus ...
Coprinus cinereus). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107: 11889-11894 * View Article ... Ustilago maydis and Coprinus cinerea [122] are genome sequencing projects of the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT (http://www ...
Inheritance of DNA methylation in Coprinus cinereus. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 6:195-200. ...
Primed Coprinus comatus. *PRIMED I PRIMEDERMA. *Primed Kordiceps. *Primed Reishi broken spore ...
24/03/2020 - Coprinus sterquilinus (Coprinus_sterquilinus_2000_df_2.jpg). 24/03/2020 - Coprinus sterquilinus (Coprinus_ ...
Enhancement of Coprinus cinereus peroxidase in Pichia pastoris by co-expression chaperone PDI and Ero1 / 生物工程学报 ... Coprinus , Culture Media , Cytoplasm , Fermentation , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Mass Spectrometry , Mating Factor , ... The 1,095 bp gene encoding peroxidase from Coprinus cinereus was synthesized and integrated into the genome of Pichia pastoris ...
  • Hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase (CIP) can initiate polymerization of tyrosine-containing peptides via initial formation of an intermediate tyrosyl radical, which for the first time has been identified by spin trap electron spin resonance spectroscopy as located on carbon 1 in the aromatic ring, and subsequent formation of either dityrosine or isodityrosine bonds through a net elimination of two hydrogen atoms between peptides. (vtt.fi)
  • I think they're probably Coprinus cinereus , which apparently tend to turn up in manure, so I'm guessing they dug some manure into the soil. (heracliteanfire.net)
  • Hydrogen peroxide-activated Coprinus Cinereus peroxidase (CIP) can initiate polymerization of tyrosine-containing peptides via initial formation of an intermediate tyrosyl radical, which for the first time has been identified by spin trap electron spin resonance spectroscopy as located on carbon 1 in the aromatic ring, and subsequent formation of either dityrosine or isodityrosine bonds through a net elimination of two hydrogen atoms between peptides. (vtt.fi)
  • Ewaze JO, Moore D, Stewart GR (1978) Co-ordinate regulation of enzymes involved in ornithine metabolism and its relation to sporophore morphogenesis in Coprinus cinereus. (springer.com)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } (+)-sativene + diphosphate This enzyme is isolated from the fungus Coprinus cinereus. (wikipedia.org)