An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The termination of the cell's ability to carry out vital functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, responsiveness, and adaptability.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A family of intracellular CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that play a role in regulating INFLAMMATION and APOPTOSIS. They specifically cleave peptides at a CYSTEINE amino acid that follows an ASPARTIC ACID residue. Caspases are activated by proteolytic cleavage of a precursor form to yield large and small subunits that form the enzyme. Since the cleavage site within precursors matches the specificity of caspases, sequential activation of precursors by activated caspases can occur.
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
A family of cell surface receptors that signal via a conserved domain that extends into the cell CYTOPLASM. The conserved domain is referred to as a death domain due to the fact that many of these receptors are involved in signaling APOPTOSIS. Several DEATH DOMAIN RECEPTOR SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS can bind to the death domains of the activated receptors and through a complex series of interactions activate apoptotic mediators such as CASPASES.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A person's view of himself.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
Postmortem examination of the body.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The educational process of instructing.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Sexual activities of humans.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
A short pro-domain caspase that plays an effector role in APOPTOSIS. It is activated by INITIATOR CASPASES such as CASPASE 9. Isoforms of this protein exist due to multiple alternative splicing of its MESSENGER RNA.
The pathological process occurring in cells that are dying from irreparable injuries. It is caused by the progressive, uncontrolled action of degradative ENZYMES, leading to MITOCHONDRIAL SWELLING, nuclear flocculation, and cell lysis. It is distinct it from APOPTOSIS, which is a normal, regulated cellular process.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Female parents, human or animal.
Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The interactions between parent and child.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
Membrane proteins encoded by the BCL-2 GENES and serving as potent inhibitors of cell death by APOPTOSIS. The proteins are found on mitochondrial, microsomal, and NUCLEAR MEMBRANE sites within many cell types. Overexpression of bcl-2 proteins, due to a translocation of the gene, is associated with follicular lymphoma.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
Physicians whose practice is not restricted to a specific field of MEDICINE.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Educational institutions.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A tumor necrosis factor receptor subtype found in a variety of tissues and on activated LYMPHOCYTES. It has specificity for FAS LIGAND and plays a role in regulation of peripheral immune responses and APOPTOSIS. Multiple isoforms of the protein exist due to multiple ALTERNATIVE SPLICING. The activated receptor signals via a conserved death domain that associates with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
The act of killing oneself.
Splitting the DNA into shorter pieces by endonucleolytic DNA CLEAVAGE at multiple sites. It includes the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, which along with chromatin condensation, are considered to be the hallmarks of APOPTOSIS.
The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.
Therefore, anxiety buffers such as self-esteem allow individuals to cope with their fears more easily. Death cognition may in ... It can allow people a coping mechanism, one that can cushion individuals' fears; and thus, impacting one's attitudes towards a ... or values held at the same time Death anxiety (psychology) - Anxiety caused by thoughts of death Flight from Death - a ... an individual should possess more death-related cognitions (e.g., thoughts about death, and death-related stimuli) than they ...
... death, and dying. These courses also promote development of coping strategies for stressful situations. Over the course of ... Another reason may be that the prospect of both wanting to perform well and maintain a caring attitude with patients at all ... Involvement, emotional coping, and ability are three themes that develop during the dissection experience. Medical students in ... Because of the emotional impact of dissection, students may develop detached concern to cope with these feelings. In western ...
Death Attitude Profile - Revised: A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death. In R. A. Neimeyer (Ed.), Death anxiety ... Wong, P. T. P., & Ujimoto, K. V. (1998). The elderly Asian Americans: Their stress, coping, and well-being. In L. C. Lee & N. W ... Death fear and death acceptance can also co-exist, resulting in the multidimensional Death Attitude Profile. Resources and ... However, death awareness may be essential to meaningful living; "though the physicality of death destroys us, the idea of death ...
He approaches Aswathy as the messenger of death. This is an essay on how three different girls from three different social and ... Their crisis deepens and becomes more dangerous because of their parents' attitude. The experiences prove that lack of love and ... economic backdrops try to cope with their life against all odds. ...
Death Attitude Profile - Revised: A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death (DAP-R). In R. A. Neimeyer (Ed.), Death ... which includes three kinds of death acceptance as positive ways to cope with the reality of death. Wong developed a pluralistic ... Death Attitude Profile - Revised: A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death (DAP-R). In R. A. Neimeyer (Ed.), Death ... Death Attitude Profile - Revised: A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death. In R. A. Neimeyer (Ed.), Death anxiety ...
Unable to cope with the social pressures of having a lover of the same gender, Shi-Eun tries to distance herself from the ... After Hyo-shin's death, supernatural occurrences start to terrorize all of the students that condemned the relationship. It is ... However, prevailing Korean attitudes constrained its potential to be widely viewed, even more so as the controversial themes ... It is also heavily implied that she was pregnant at the time of death, the father being literature teacher Mr. Goh. The plot ...
The death of his brother profoundly impacted Allman, who had trouble coping with the loss. According to band historian John ... Lynskey, his "melancholy attitude, combined with a yearning to do something different musically, lead him to actively pursue ... "told such an interesting story about an artist in distress who is looking for ways to cope." All tracks composed by Gregg ...
... while their own families cope with wartime deaths and losses, rationing, government manpower recruitment and stiflingly ... conservative attitudes surrounding the role and perception of the "acceptable" behaviour of women. The original novel was so ...
In terms of smoking behaviors and attitudes, the impact of warnings with death messages depends on: *The individuals' level of ... Therefore, anxiety buffers such as self-esteem allow individuals to cope with their fears more easily. Death cognition may in ... can consciously activate and facilitate people to think of death, especially their own death.[11] While death can be ... an individual should possess more death-related cognitions (e.g., thoughts about death, and death-related stimuli) than they ...
Education for Death was a very serious film based on the bestselling book of the same name by Gregor Ziemer. The film shows how ... The earlier attitude was supported by the media; for example, NBC warned that broadcasts were not to be "unduly harrowing." ... Magazine editors were asked to depict women as coping heroically with the sacrifices of wartime. Fiction was a particularly ... After the death of the Sullivan brothers, their parents and sister made visits to shipyards and armament factories to encourage ...
The main focus in death education is teaching people how to cope with grief. Many people feel death education is taboo and ... as well as new research on death-related attitudes. "Death is no enemy of life; it restores our sense of the value of living. ... Though it may include teaching on the biological aspects of death, teaching about coping with grief is a primary focus. Death ... Death education refers to the experiences and activities of death that one deals with. Death education also deals with being ...
... "quite bad for Lily about her father's death" and wanted to be her friend. When Lily's attitude worsens, Alicia starts to ... "It's more the personable side of Alicia's personality that Lily just can't cope with. She can't comprehend that Alicia can both ... Dainty, Sophie (3 May 2017). "Casualty star teases a dark journey for Ethan Hardy in the aftermath of Cal's shock death". ... Ethan struggles with Cal's death and seeks revenge for his murder, adding strain to his relationship with Alicia. Halfpenny ...
... an individual would develop an attitude that was "in itself the essential tool for coping". The "sense of coherence" is a ... This causes illness and possibly even death. However, if the sense of coherence is high, a stressor will not necessarily be ... In his 1979 book, Health, Stress and Coping, Antonovsky described a variety of influences that led him to the question of how ... Coping with Existential Threats and the Inevitability of Asking for Meaningfulness - Peter Novak. A philosophical perspective ...
The group was founded by McPherson herself and she held the position of Medical Director, until her death in 2011. At the time ... values and experiences of people coping with illness or making decisions about their health, and to use this to make a ... "the world's first interdisciplinary academic research centre dedicated to understanding the attitudes, ...
"Your attitude is like a box of crayons that color your world. Constantly color your picture gray, and your picture will always ... "Humor can help you cope with the unbearable so that you can stay on the bright side of things until the bright side actually ... and Healing in the Face of Death and Dying ISBN 0-87477-929-4 Learning to Laugh When You Feel Like Crying: Embracing Life After ... Loss ISBN 978-0-9798755-8-8 L.A.U.G.H.: Using Humor and Play to Help Clients Cope with Stress, Anger, Frustration, and more ...
Chinaveh, Mahbobeh (2014). "A Comparison of Type-A and Type-B Learners in the Perception of Stress Level and Use of Coping ... The effects were not as dramatic as behavior therapy, but still showed improvement in preventing death among cancer and CHD ... suggested that mental attitudes constitute an important prognostic factor for cancer and that as a method of treatment for ... They were followed up until the end of 2011 through linkage with the National Death Registry. Four self-administered scales, ...
This may be the death of the powerful person; in more light-hearted versions, it is often the marriage of a poor or lower-class ... Fear of failure leads to deterioration of results, even if the person is objectively able to adequately cope with the problem. ... In the case of the "Interpersonal Expectation Effects", others pick up on non-verbal behaviour, which affects their attitudes. ... In the Primary Chronicle, Oleg is known as the Prophet, ironically referring to the circumstances of his death. The story was ...
... of-body experience into a realm populated with spiritual beings and have the potential to shape American attitudes toward death ... Leading researchers have split religious coping into two categories: positive religious coping and negative religious coping. ... death and sickness, and near death experiences. Research also shows that people also use religious coping to deal with everyday ... Near-death experiences (NDEs) provide a unique opportunity for psychologists to study the way in which people cope with their ...
The death is not confirmed until the book The Mark when Hannah Palemoon finds her body in the morgue, then takes David to see ... Chloe leaves home to go to college, having never let go of her "show me" attitude. Just as Irene is at the height of her ... She eventually gets through to her son, Raymie, who becomes a Christian and helps her cope with Rayford's and Chloe's ... Dishelved with the death of a fellow co-worker at the age of one-hundred, Raymie founds the Millennium Force, a small group ...
Michael's death would soon be avenged when Phelan is killed by Anna at the conclusion of his lethal siege, during which he shot ... Zeedan gives up his job at the gym when he realises he cannot cope with the responsibility as gym manager. He later gets a job ... Zeedan begins to notice something strange about Simon's behaviour, as well as his attitude towards stepmother Leanne. Zeedan ... News of Luke's death becomes public knowledge the next day, although most of the residents of Weatherfield are unaware of ...
"Deaths". The Star (5638). 7 June 1886. p. 2. Retrieved 2 June 2010. "Page 2 advertisements, column 1". The Star (5639). 8 June ... Gapes' wife, who was well regarded in Christchurch for her attitude to charity, died on 5 July 1886, aged 62 years. Gapes ... but as an example of a woman coping as best as she could during the Victorian time. Gapes' third daughter, Angelina, married L ... "Deaths". The Star (5084). 18 October 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 2 June 2010. "Christchurch". The Star (2610). 5 August 1876. p. 2. ...
... can help the students in the class to learn coping skills that will help them deal with the social and emotional ... Journal of Death and Dying. 48 (4): 321-336. doi:10.2190/361D-JHD8-RNJT-RYJV. Maich, K. & Kean, S. (2004). "Read two books and ... Changing attitudes with Literature". Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Berns, C. F. (2004). "Bibliotherapy: Using books to ... Advantages of bibliotherapy include teaching students to solve problems, help students cope with teasing, name calling, mockery ...
... that the restrictive aspects of American traditional attitudes towards sexuality was limiting the ability of Americans to cope ... Ellis and Reiss were friends from the mid-1950s until Ellis's death in 2007. This book contained their letters plus comments ... He felt that Alfred Kinsey had focused on the area of behavior and neglected the importance of sexual attitudes and standards. ... Journal of Sex Research, 35, 1-9. Reiss, I. L. (2001). Sexual attitudes and behavior. In Smelser, N.J., and Baltes, P. B. ( ...
Elinor's death effects Jason and he visits a grief counsellor. When Jason and registrar Xavier Duval (Marcus Griffiths) witness ... On his first day back to work following Greta's accident, Jason is unable to cope. Serena suggests he put on earphones to keep ... "My role on Holby City helps change attitudes about autism - Jules". Scope. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2019. "Serena ... Russell believed that Serena does not think Jason and Greta will cope because Jason needed full-time care when she first met ...
She gets over the incident quickly to support old friend Leah who cannot not cope. She is angry when Marilyn returns to town, ... Colleen helps Sally after Flynn Saunders (Joel McIlroy) death, she actually managed to keep the news of his illness a secret. ... When she finds out that Marilyn has cancer she changes her attitude towards her and the become friendly again. Penn Graham ( ...
The first was death of the mother, or prolonged separation from her. The second was the mother's emotional attitude towards her ... including the ability to cope by forming relationships with other children. Some of this material remained unpublished until ... Not long after Rank's introduction of this idea, Ian Suttie, a British physician whose early death limited his influence, ... Mercer, J.; Sarner, L.; Rosa, L. (2003). Attachment therapy On Trial: The Torture and Death of Candace Newmaker. Child ...
I'd have a friendlier attitude towards this religion...Recipes for gefilte fish are no recipe for coping with the Holocaust." ... She waited until her mother's death to publish the English version, noting in her epilogue: "I thought if I wrote it in German ... This reportedly affected her desire to use faith as a means of coping with the Holocaust. She speaks to her gentle repulsion ... In a chapter on the importance of differentiation, as opposed to generalization ("Christianstadt" as opposed to "death camp"), ...
The proper attitude toward the patient. Rules for the attitude toward the patient's family and other people involved with the ... Zerbi's death came about after treating his last patient. He was summoned by Skander, chief minister of the sultan of the ... Gerontocomia discussed the coping and treating of elderly. It discussed topics such as diet, optimal living situations, ...
There is special emphasis on the bond between death and old age, once the attitude towards both is determined.[citation needed ... as it deconstructs the main issues that constitute it and suggests a different coping method. The basic assumption of this ... They were not very sick, but healthy and active, and yet they were preparing for death by decomposing their world. They created ... In another article, he wrote that the mourning ceremonies at Rabin Square after Rabin's death had become a pilgrimage site ...
Superman's friends cope with his death in various ways. Jimmy Olsen takes a job at a tabloid newspaper The National Voyeur, ... Meanwhile, the clone's attitude darkens when he hears that Toyman killed a child. In retaliation, the clone abducts the villain ... The special features included a retrospective look at how the Death of Superman comic came to be, a look at voice actors, as ... Most of the more visceral deaths take place off-camera; however, the fight sequences are very intense. During the Doomsday vs. ...
... smallpox deaths peaked in April 1944.[230] "Starvation" was generally not listed as a cause of death at the time; many deaths ... Mukherjee, S. N. (January 1987). Sir William Jones: A Study in Eighteenth-century British Attitudes to India. Cambridge ... A key source of impoverishment was the widespread coping strategy of selling assets for food. As the famine wore on, nearly 1.6 ... All death rates are with respect to the population in 1941. Percentages for 1943-44 are of excess deaths (that is, those ...
This category can be used when the focus of clinical attention is a reaction to the death of a loved one. As part of their ... Corresponding with the attitudes of humanistic psychology, the developmental potential of the child, as in the acknowledgement ... Either way, music can be used as a tool to bring emotions forward and help the person cope with them. ... Death Studies, 34(2), 99 - 136. *Schwantes, M., Wigram, T., McKinney, C., Lipscomb, A., & Richards, C. (2011). The Mexican ...
"Death to Laval!" rather than "Death to Hitler!".[40] In August Sartre and de Beauvoir went to the French Riviera seeking the ... Sartre wrote in Les Temps Modernes about his and de Beauvoir's attitude to the Soviet Union: As we were neither members of the ... everyone still had to decide how they were going to cope with life in a fragmenting society ... So Sartre's worries ... about ... Late life and death[edit]. Hélène de Beauvoir's house in Goxwiller, where Sartre tried to hide from the media after being ...
Adjusting attitudeEdit. In the article Towards better communication, from the interest point of view. Or-skills of sight-glish ... Poet John Milton, who went blind in mid-life, composed On His Blindness, a sonnet about coping with blindness. The work posits ... and death.[39] When competing with ethanol for metabolism, ethanol is metabolized first, and the onset of toxicity is delayed. ... explores what would happen if a sighted man found himself trapped in a country of blind people to emphasise society's attitude ...
... who ordered the death of the Coping, the first to 'confess', and a further 91 Jews to be arrested, leading to 18 being executed ... Peter Schäfer, Judeophobia: Attitudes Toward the Jews in the Ancient World, Harvard University Press 2009 ... Black Death[edit]. Main article: Black Death § Persecutions. When the Black Death raged through Europe (1346-53), the charge ... "The Black Death and the Jews 1348-1349 CE" (PDF). Retrieved 21 December 2013.. ...
Gay characters also were often killed off at the end, such as the death of Sandy Dennis' character at the end of The Fox in ... Attitudes and practices to ferret out homosexuals in public service positions extended to Australia[114] and Canada.[115] A ... with readers offering their own reasons why they were lesbians and suggesting ways to cope with the condition or society's ... Heart disease is listed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as the number one cause of death for all women. ...
"Anxiety, Stress, & Coping. 28 (4): 357-371. doi:10.1080/10615806.2015.1005078. ISSN 1061-5806. PMC 4772121 . PMID 25572915.. ... such as the feeling of imminent death.[2] Anxiety is not the same as fear, which is a response to a real or perceived immediate ... and attitudes (e.g. pessimism) have been found to be risk factors for anxiety.[54][81] ... Poor coping skills (e.g., rigidity/inflexible problem solving, denial, avoidance, impulsivity, extreme self-expectation, ...
These individuals will attain wisdom, even when confronting death.[150][151][152] Coping is a very important skill needed in ... Research on age-related attitudes consistently finds that negative attitudes exceed positive attitudes toward old people ... DeathEdit. Old age, death, and frailty are linked because approximately half the deaths in old age are preceded by months or ... Besides being a release from misery, some saw death as a way to reunion with departed loved ones. Others saw death as a way to ...
Because of this, my heart breaks within me, and my bones tremble; for even the day of death does not atone for such sins. ... Worthington, Everett L.; Scherer, Michael (2004). "Forgiveness Is an Emotion-focused Coping Strategy That Can Reduce Health ... undergoes a change in feelings and attitude regarding a given offense, and overcomes [1][2][3] negative emotions such as ... This is based on the belief that God forgives sins through faith in the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ in his death (1 John ...
Rising death tolls due to mental illness demonstrate the imperative need for improved mental health care policies and advances ... Being left untreated also leads to unhealthy coping mechanisms such as substance abuse, which in turn causes its own host of ... These include: a positive attitude towards the self, personal growth, integration, autonomy, a true perception of reality, and ... Dix was not a social worker; the profession was not established until after her death in 1887. However, her life and work were ...
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014, 3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia - 1. Underlying causes of death (Australia), 2014, ... Second, barriers at the meso level include the family and community.[127] These may include negative attitudes of people toward ... Rehabilitation or social programs that include Salutogenesis may improve the coping potential of adults with CP as they age.[ ... It has been hypothesised that some cases of cerebral palsy are caused by the death in very early pregnancy of an identical twin ...
Further urban growth increases the number of hot nights even further.[95] Hot nights increase deaths amongst the elderly.[95] ... As a developed country, its coping strategies are more sophisticated but it is the rate of change that will pose the bigger ... In 1996 in the lead up to the Kyoto treaty this slow going attitude caused conflict with the US and EU who at that time were ... And more frequent ambulance callouts and more deaths due to heatwaves. Climate change will cost Melbourne City $12.6bn by 2050. ...
... those coping with housing insecurity by staying at a friend or relative's residence), increased significantly, likely in ... This recognition set the stage for the City of Berkeley's attitude towards homelessness in the next decade.[58] ... Death Valley. *East Bay (SF Bay Area). *East County (SD). *Eastern California ...
those assigned to the intervention were provided with modules consisting of information regarding effective coping strategies ... "What is e-Health (2): The death of telemedicine?". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 3 (2): e22. doi:10.2196/jmir.3.2.e22 ... "Understanding the acceptability of e-mental health: attitudes and expectations towards computerised self-help treatments for ... and often develop a routine in coping with their condition. For these types of routine patients, front-end e-Health solutions ...
... which was rooted in coping with the death and devastation the war had brought; the white supremacist vision, which included ... T. Harry Williams, An Analysis of Some Reconstruction Attitudes," Journal of Southern History Vol. 12, No. 4 (November 1946), ... T. Harry Williams, 'An Analysis of Some Reconstruction Attitudes,' Journal of Southern History (1946) 12#4 pp: 469-486 JSTOR ... In the North, a live-and-let-live attitude made elections more like a sporting contest. But in the Deep South, many white ...
DeathEdit. On Friday 19 April 1991, Marriott and Poulton[77] flew home from the United States, where Marriott had recorded ... Because of this attitude, the band grew resentful, believing that he was holding them back, and Packet of Three was disbanded. ... "He (Steve) became another person to cope with the pressures, he would say things like, "Please tell me that you'll leave me if ... After Marriott's death, second wife Pam Stephens claimed in an interview that while they were making the Marriott solo album ...
A change of residence that is forced upon people who lack resources to cope has social costs.[34] Measures protecting these ... However, displacement was not cited as a problem because the primary reason of housing sale remained the death of the sole- ... This theory argues that values, sentiments, attitudes, ideas, beliefs, and choices should be used to explain and predict human ... attitudes toward preserving community character based on fieldwork in the Chicago neighborhoods of Andersonville and Argyle as ...
Attitudes towards the west[edit]. The autobiography gives us details of Muslim attitudes towards the Christian crusaders who ... Al-Zafir [the caliph] now planned to put al-Adil (his vizier) to death. He concerted with a group of young men from his special ... Usama can cope with the loss of his other possessions but could never forget the loss of his books: "Their loss has left a ... Also, death following an amputation due to an abscess is the same treatment, and fate, suffered by the Ayyubid Sultan as-Salih ...
"Death toll". Retrieved 23 November 2012.. *^ "Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel Since the DOP (September 1993)". ... By the late 1980s, attitudes to the city's future had become markedly more optimistic. It had also become a center of nightlife ... However, the city's municipality struggled to cope with an influx of new immigrants. Tel Aviv's tax base had been shrinking for ... On 1 May 1921, the Jaffa Riots resulted in the deaths of 48 Arabs and 47 Jews and injuries to 146 Jews and 73 Arabs.[45] In the ...
Illness and death. Photograph of Armstrong as a boy at his family memorial service in Indian Hill, Ohio, near Cincinnati, on ... Armstrong and Butchart brought the aircraft into a nose-down attitude to increase speed, then launched the Skyrocket. At the ... Armstrong explained that NASA limited their Moon walk because they were unsure how the space suits would cope with the Moon's ... During these calls, they learned of the deaths of Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee in the fire. Armstrong and the group ...
The Eagle Scout must demonstrate Scout Spirit, an ideal attitude based upon the Scout Oath and Law, service, and leadership. ... Eagle Scout may be awarded posthumously, if and only if all requirements except the board of review are completed before death ...
Franklin, M. I. (2012), "Understanding Research: Coping with the Quantitative-Qualitative Divide". London/New York. Routledge ... reflecting a nonstatic attitude to the planning and design of research activities. An example of this dynamicism might be when ... These studies ranged from extremely controversial concerns involving the death penalty and disability (Bogdan, 1995)[53] to the ... as part of multimethod attitude to data collection and analysis (called Triangulation).[3] ...
Deaths from cancer were 5.8 million in 1990.[171] Deaths have been increasing primarily due to longer lifespans and lifestyle ... Like hospice care, palliative care attempts to help the patient cope with their immediate needs and to increase comfort. Unlike ... based on the idea that cancer was caused by a bad attitude.[197] People with a "cancer personality"-depressed, repressed, self- ... of deaths. The most common as of 2018[update] are lung cancer (1.76 million deaths), colorectal cancer (860,000) stomach cancer ...
Each year 73 million women are affected by major depression, and suicide is ranked 7th as the cause of death for women between ... Reasonable accommodations (adjustments and supports) might be put in place to help an individual cope and succeed in ... are thought to contribute to stigma and negative attitudes in the public and in those with mental health problems themselves, ... Suicide, which is often attributed to some underlying mental disorder, is a leading cause of death among teenagers and adults ...
These are expressed by the term 'birth'. But 'ageing-and-death' is the ageing and the death of these [five] themselves" (Ñāṇ ... Having an inflated opinion of oneself and a disrespectful attitude toward others. Arrogance, Conceit. ... and they become the means by which we both hide from ourselves and attempt to cope with a world of ceaseless change and ... XVII, 298) does not explicitly identify "birth" (jāti) and "aging-death" (jarāmaraṇa) with results (vipāka). Nonetheless, in ...
Two seemed to cope well. When complete, the tests that the subjects took before the experiment were conducted a second time to ... This may not allow the subject to experience the changes in attitudes and thinking that are associated with chamber REST.[10] ... Harold I. Schwartz, Death Row Syndrome and Demoralization: Psychiatric Means to Social Policy Ends J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33: ...
Attitudes to riskEdit. Riders have a range of different options in choosing equipment that balances safety with other ... There were 4,810 deaths on motorcycles in the U.S. in 2006, an increase of 5 percent over the previous year, and more than ... Cope, Ben (22 November 2012), "French 100bhp limit to be revoked", Visordown, retrieved 13 May 2016. ... Helmet - Wearing a helmet reduces the rider's risk of death by 37% compared to riding without it.[58] A full-face helmet ...
In 1983, Lydon co-starred with Harvey Keitel in the movie thriller Corrupt, a.k.a. Copkiller and The Order of Death. He had a ... What an attitude to life!… He turned out to be the biggest poof on earth at a time when that was completely unacceptable. What ... One day Ari said she couldn't cope with them any more. I suggested they came to us because I wasn't having them abandoned. They ... I knew he was perfect because I'd seen this movie that he'd made [Corrupt, a.k.a. Copkiller and The Order of Death], I knew ...
In 2015 substance use disorders resulted in 307,400 deaths, up from 165,000 deaths in 1990.[4][8] Of these, the highest numbers ... or adopt the attitudes, behaviors, and norms regarding substance use and abuse that exist within the dominant culture into ... substance abuse functions as a coping mechanism to attempt to deal with these stressors.[80] ... a b c d Overdose Death Rates. By National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). ...
The War of American Independence: Military Attitudes, Policies, and Practice, 1763-1789 (1983) Online in ACLS Humanities E-book ... Bonomi, Patricia U., Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society, and Politics in Colonial America (2003) ... For instance, South Carolina was estimated to have lost about 25,000 slaves to flight, migration, or death-amounting to one ... Higginbotham, Don (1983). The War of American Independence: Military Attitudes, Policies, and Practice, 1763-1789. Boston: ...
Antioch Christian Continues to Cope with Death of Pastor. Jul 24, 2019 ... by becoming obedient to death-. even death on a cross! (Philippians 2:5-8). ... Communion is our way of stopping each week to ponder anew the staggering price of our salvation and check our attitudes. Look ... Several Tennessee Churches Cope with Losses Resulting from Deadly Tornadoes. Mar 6, 2020 ...
Coping with Death and Understanding and Performance Regardi Nurses Attitudes toward Death, Coping with Death and Understanding ... The objectives of this study were to 1) explore nurses attitudes toward death, coping with death, understanding and ... Multi-dimensional measure was performed for study instruments such as "attitude toward death", "coping with death" and " ... Second, EOL care performance was positively correlated with attitude toward death (P. death (P=0.003) and understanding of EOL ...
Part Two: DEATH. 2. Changing Encounters with Death. 3. Changing Attitudes toward Death. 4. Death--Related Practices and the ... 5. Cultural Differences and Death. Part Three: DYING. 6. Coping with Dying. 7. Coping with Dying: How Individuals Can Help. 8. ... 9. Coping with Loss and Grief. 10. Coping with Loss and Grief: How Individuals Can Help. 11. Coping with Loss and Grief: ... 3. Death and Dying: Life and Living (Death & Dying/Grief & Loss) Corr, Charles A.; Nabe, Clyde M.; Corr, Donna M. ...
... but there are tools available to help them cope. This article comes with a handout for a journal club discussion ... such as patient deaths, that often cause emotional distress, ... Gao W et al (2017) Perioperative nurses attitudes towards ... To cast the net even wider, death and how to cope with it could be discussed at induction with staff recruited to high-risk ... Goldstone AR et al (2004) Should surgeons take a break after an intraoperative death? Attitude survey and outcome evaluation. ...
working to cope with feelings of guilt or depression. *working to avoid dealing with crises like death, divorce, or financial ... having a defensive attitude toward others about their work. *using work as a way to avoid relationships ...
The study aimed to predict the happiness of adolescents based on coping styles and religious attitudes. To this end, the ... Ziapour, S. S., Dusti, Y. A., & Abbasi Asfajir, A. (2014). The correlation between happiness and death anxiety: A case study in ... Religious attitudes Problem-focused coping styles Emotion-focused coping strategies Happiness This is a preview of subscription ... The study aimed to predict the happiness of adolescents based on coping styles and religious attitudes. To this end, the ...
Terminal versus non-terminal care in physician burnout: The role of decision-making processes and attitudes to death. Salud ... Coping Strategies. Personality, in particular locus of control, may influence the selection and use of coping behaviors ( ... Attitudes about death (acceptance versus avoidance) moderated the relationship between decision making and burnout. When ... Active or task-focused coping is associated with lower levels of psychological distress. Emotion-focused coping, such as ...
A positive attitude can help to increase our ability to cope with lifes problems or with a disease. We have a chance each day ... Death could take place in a few weeks. Such deaths have not been explained medically, even with an autopsy, but it seems ... Coping with Cancer: One Patients Way of Coping. *Coping with Cancer: Feeling Right When Things Go Wrong: Beliefs I Use to Help ... They help people cope and produce improved relations among family members and friends. A lighthearted attitude can reduce the ...
You may self-harm because you find it difficult to cope with your moods or share how you are feeling. Everyone has their own ... Read more Rethink Mental Illness responds to CQC report on learning from deaths in care ... It could help if you are using self-harm to cope. Or you are thinking about self-harming. It explains what support you can get ... You may self-harm because you find it difficult to cope with your moods or share how you are feeling. Everyone has their own ...
Reduced risk of death from cardiovascular disease *Better coping skills during hardships and times of stress ... The advantages of a positive mental attitude are innumerable, and it is likely that by improving your attitude, you will see ... Improving your attitude starts with changing your thoughts. Pay attention to your self-talk, the things you say to yourself, or ... Your attitude toward yourself and your body shapes your physical health, and conversely, your physical health can affect your ...
Somewhat of a fatalist attitude, but a reasonable coping mechanism nonetheless. Kind of a come on and give it your best shot ... Myelogram advice, scared to death! If you remember my post from last week, I was begging for anyone who could tell me if you ... You dont sound crazy or weird, Ive heard of that coping technique, unfortunately, I get to keyed up to even do it! I was ... And it remains a coping mechanism that works for me. I had an unpleasant experience with a myleogram once, and I know that can ...
The Moderating Influences of Gender-related Personality Traits and Coping Flexibility, Sex Roles" on DeepDyve, the largest ... When do opposites attract? When they are opposite in sex and sex-role attitudes ... Helpless: On depression, development and death. Seligman, M. E. P.. * ... Pain coping strategies predict perceived control over pain. Haythornthwaite, J. A.; Menefee, L.; Heinberg, L. J.; Clark, M. R. ...
Studies to improve understanding of the family coping mechanisms, attitudes and perceptions regarding death and long term ...
Studies to improve understanding of the family coping mechanisms, attitudes and perceptions regarding death and long term ...
... worry about how their family will cope emotionally ... What are attitudes about death and dying? dying is a way of ... What were peoples attitudes towards the black death? The people who went though the black death, after this incident the ... Why did the Black Death cause a change in peoples attitude towards the church? Black Death cause people to lose faith in ... What is the attitude towards death and dying of the main character Ivan Ilyich? At first, he is in denial of it, surrounding ...
How do you cope with a parents death? I have been told that as time goes by it should get easier but I just feel that it ... Sometimes I have to make myself try something new or to change an attitude. I also take an antidepressant medication and have ... It becomes easier to cope with a parents death as time goes by. The longer the time is from the time of passing the easier it ... When does it become easier to cope with a parents death?. Follow ... For me it was time that helped me get over his death from CHF. ...
... death, and dying. These courses also promote development of coping strategies for stressful situations. Over the course of ... Another reason may be that the prospect of both wanting to perform well and maintain a caring attitude with patients at all ... Involvement, emotional coping, and ability are three themes that develop during the dissection experience. Medical students in ... Because of the emotional impact of dissection, students may develop detached concern to cope with these feelings. In western ...
... religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer. ... Babapour J, Sh Z, Zarezade F, Nejati B (2016) The structural association of religious attitude and soping style with quality of ... Cancer Culture Death depression Religious coping Muslim Whats new?. Research on the association between religious coping and ... Negative religious coping was found to be more closely associated with death depression in patients with earlier stage disease ...
Attitudes Toward Death * Effects of Institutionalization * Institutional Characteristics * Model of Care for the Terminally Ill ... Coping Patterns of the Terminally Ill * Models of the Dying Trajectory * Case Histories * Models of the Dying Process * ... Negotiating a Good Death Euthanasia in the Netherlands By Joan K Parry. , Carlton Munson. ... on traumatic death from any cause, and on the grieving processes of parents.. Social Work Theory and Practice with the ...
Part I: Coping with Old Age and Death: Views and Values. Viewing the Old: Recording and Respecting the Elderly at Rome and in ... Nonetheless, there has usually been a neglect of the end of life and attitudes towards death and memory. These topics have ... Part III: Coping with Death: Remembrance and Oblivion. No Place for the Dead: Ludi Saeculares of 17 BC and the Purificationary ... What does it mean to grow old? What happens when one dies? How does one cope with old age and death? These questions were as ...
... coping with impending or recent death, loss, and grief; attitudes towards death and dying; the fear of death; childrens ... PSY 353 The Experience of Death and Dying: Psychological Perspectives (3).. Readings, discussion, and case studies in the ... Areas of research study will include: health promotion; coping mechanisms in chronic illness, chronic pain,psychocardiology, ... knowledge base and facilitate development of behavioral traits and attitudes linked to career success. The adaptive skills that ...
Therefore, anxiety buffers such as self-esteem allow individuals to cope with their fears more easily. Death cognition may in ... It can allow people a coping mechanism, one that can cushion individuals fears; and thus, impacting ones attitudes towards a ... or values held at the same time Death anxiety (psychology) - Anxiety caused by thoughts of death Flight from Death - a ... an individual should possess more death-related cognitions (e.g., thoughts about death, and death-related stimuli) than they ...
Chronic depression also reduces your immunity to other types of illnesses, and can even contribute to premature death. ... Job stress also frequently causes burnout, a condition marked by emotional exhaustion and negative or cynical attitudes toward ... Coping with Job Stress. By American Psychological Association Last updated: 8 Oct 2018. ~ 2 min read ... Home » Library » Stress Management » Coping with Job Stress. .fn{margin:-2px 0 0 0;font-size:90%!important}.time-read{color:# ...
Saving grace has been humor and optimism, and talking to myself about how badass I must be to be able to cope. I have never ... ADHD is not a death sentence. And knowing why your life has been difficult in the past can be cause for optimism. As others ... I exercise regularly, journal daily, and maintain an attitude of gratitude. I still need to organize and schedule my ... I feel like I have learned so many self coping strategies that are useless to ADHD, i have extremely low self esteem and self ...
But after death (if its somebody elses) our attitude changes radically, and we have what is known as a wake, a triumphant ... Before it happens we are defensive and guarded, and denial is our most frequent coping mechanism. ... an acceptance that death is a fitting end to what was a good story and a tale well worth the telling. The death of a child or a ... In Ireland we have an ambivalent approach to death. ... ceremony, a celebration of life in the face of death, ...
Explores death as a personal phenomenon. Information sharing, values clarification, and coping behaviors are emphasized. Open ... Knowledge, skills and attitudes essential to health needs of adults experiencing multiple health alterations. Clinical ... Perspectives on Death and Dying. 3-3-0. A multidisciplinary overview of death and dying. ... Emphasis on knowledge, skills, and attitudes essential to health needs of healthy obstetric/newborn clients and those ...
Measures included an end-of-life attitudes survey, ... the effects of a 2-day hospice experience on the attitudes and ... death is inevitable for us all. Now I know that death is not always sad. For some families, death is a way to end the suffering ... For most nurses and health care professionals, it is sometimes hard to cope with the fact that medicine can only do so much [ ... The Attitudes Towards Death Survey (Strumpf, 1999. ) is a 28-item Likert scale questionnaire with five choices for each item, ...
Results: We found that while death anxiety was related to depression in both patients and caregivers, death anxiety was related ... Results: We found that while death anxiety was related to depression in both patients and caregivers, death anxiety was related ... Death anxiety was assessed using the newly developed BOFRETTA scale, depression via Beck Depression Inventory, anxiety by means ... Death anxiety was assessed using the newly developed BOFRETTA scale, depression via Beck Depression Inventory, anxiety by means ...
Death acceptances. Life Attitude Profile. When a person transcends the fear of death.. ... Brief COPE. Carver CS. You want to measure coping but your protocols too long: consider the brief COPE. Int J Behav Med 1997;4 ... Life Attitude Profile. Reker G, Peacock E. The Life Attitude Profile (LAP): a multidimensional instrument for assessing ... Brief COPE. Measures coping with life stresses associated with a specific activity. Contains 3 subscales, with 2 of the 3 ...
  • After controlling for demographic and health characteristics, positive and negative religious coping behaviors were significantly related to the experience of death depression. (
  • A 2008 research article in Psychological Review proposes a three-part model for understanding how awareness of death can ironically subvert health-promoting behaviors by redirecting one's focus towards behaviors that build self-esteem instead: "Proposition 1 suggests that conscious thoughts about death can instigate health-oriented responses aimed at removing death-related thoughts from current focal attention. (
  • Coping refers to the attitudes and behaviors that you use to maintain your emotional well-being and to adjust to the stresses caused by cancer. (
  • Information sharing, values clarification, and coping behaviors are emphasized. (
  • Acetaminophen has a positive blood ethanol concentration is sent to the aging client: Actions/interventions ineffective coping behaviors. (
  • As we see in this study, it affects organ donation attitudes and may impact other health behaviors. (
  • It proposes that a basic psychological conflict results from having a self-preservation instinct while realizing that death is inevitable and to some extent unpredictable. (
  • Different people cope in different ways, and some ways of coping are more successful in promoting a person's emotional well-being and psychological adjustment than others. (
  • This way of coping has been found to promote their psychological adjustment. (
  • One is to help the bereaved to develop their own ways of coping and the other is to ensure that their own difficulties, needs and attitudes relating to death and dying of their patients do not compromise their psychological well-being. (
  • Drawing on a variety of scientific methodologies, the TRAIL Group strives to conduct clinically-meaningful and integrative research that appreciates psychological, physical, social, and spiritual dimensions of coping with potentially traumatic events (e.g., military combat, community violence, serious illness) and bereavement. (
  • Spiritual interventions can help relieve psychological distress and fear of death, as well as the stresses of caregiving for loved ones with chronic illnesses in later years. (
  • Coping flexibility tended to reduce the associations between life event stress and depression. (
  • The study investigated relationships among the extent of disease, religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer. (
  • Participants completed demographic and health, death depression, and religious coping surveys. (
  • There was an interaction effect between negative religious coping and extent of disease with significant positive relationships to the experience of death depression. (
  • Negative religious coping was found to be more closely associated with death depression in patients with earlier stage disease than those with advanced stages of cancer in this sample of patients with cancer from Iran. (
  • Research on the association between religious coping and death depression is abundant in the literature. (
  • The results indicated that cancer stage moderates the relationship between religious coping and death depression so that for patients with more advanced cancer, negative religious coping is less associated with death depression. (
  • Sharif Nia H, Pahlevan Sharif S, Esmaeili R, Goudarzian AH, Tahmasbi B, Yaghoobzadeh A, Kaveh O (2017) Factors influencing the level of death depression in patients with cancer: a path analysis. (
  • Ng GC, Mohamed S, Sulaiman AH, Zainal NZ (2017) Anxiety and depression in cancer patients: the association with religiosity and religious coping. (
  • Braam AW, Schrier AC, Tuinebreijer WC, Beekman AT, Dekker JJ, de Wit MA (2010) Religious coping and depression in multicultural Amsterdam: a comparison between native Dutch citizens and Turkish, Moroccan and Surinamese/Antillean migrants. (
  • Chronic depression also reduces your immunity to other types of illnesses, and can even contribute to premature death. (
  • Given the lethal severity of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the aim of this study was to illuminate the coherence of depression and death anxiety in both ALS patients and caregivers and in how far patients and caregivers are influenced by the mindset of their respective counterpart. (
  • Death anxiety was assessed using the newly developed BOFRETTA scale, depression via Beck Depression Inventory, anxiety by means of State Trait Anxiety Inventory and caregivers' exertion using the Caregiver Strain Index. (
  • We found that while death anxiety was related to depression in both patients and caregivers, death anxiety was related to anxiety only in patients. (
  • Moreover, patients' and caregivers' depression, anxiety and death anxiety correlated to the ones of their counterpart. (
  • These results suggest that despite little depressive symptoms in ALS patients the fatal prognosis of the disease takes into account, depression and death anxiety influence each other and might be addressed together in pharmacological and especially psychotherapeutic interventions to the benefit of the patient. (
  • Medical professionals should not forget to offer sufficient support to caregivers tending patients affected by depression and death anxiety as they are likely to mirror their patient's feelings. (
  • Thus, depression is less common in ALS patients than in patients suffering from other diseases of comparable impact on patients' lives and agility like multiple sclerosis ( 7 ) or cancer ( 8 ), although death is mostly less imminent in these diseases. (
  • The dyads complete demographic questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS), and the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R). Patients also complete the Schedule of Attitudes Toward Hastened Death (SAHD), the Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (Brief COPE), the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF), and the Caregiver Demands Scale (CDS). (
  • The way a person deals with stressful events in life such as separation, divorce, death in the family or loss of job determines how predisposed you are to depression. (
  • People with a lot of stressful life events (such as separation, divorce, death, loss of job) are at higher risk of depression. (
  • A recent article from Mayo Clinic on optimism and depression shows that those with depression have earlier deaths than those who are optimistic. (
  • If diabetes is not faced with an attitude of perseverance and defiance, often depression will prevail. (
  • Mr. Hooker presented mitigating evidence about his prior offenses, his excellent prison record, his work ethic after he was released from prison, his love for his children and Ms. Stokes, his substance abuse problem, his changed behavior while using drugs, his fragile coping skills, his feelings of inferiority, his strong interpersonal skills, his traumatic family background and his chronic underlying depression. (
  • 16 ] Fear of death, disruption of life plans, changes in body image and self-esteem, changes in social role and lifestyle, and financial and legal concerns are significant issues in the life of any person with cancer, yet serious depression or anxiety is not experienced by everyone who is diagnosed with cancer. (
  • Dr. Parry--who specializes in dying and bereavement--offers astute observations on the stages of dealing with the diagnosis of a terminal illness and the impending death that patients and their families confront. (
  • In the last 25 years, however, as cancer becomes a chronic rather than terminal illness, the notion that patients are coping with their illness has received an enormous amount of attention by health care professionals. (
  • Furthermore, coping with cancer is a process that goes on over a period of months or even years, and patients use different strategies at different times, depending on stage of their illness. (
  • But it can also prevent a person from coming to terms with their illness and getting on with other constructive ways of coping. (
  • Denial is often a positive coping strategy because it enables the patient to gradually face the reality of his or her illness, in a piecemeal manner, without feeling overwhelmed, and feeling more supported by loved ones. (
  • Taking a nonjudgmental attitude without assuming or being philosophical, teaching them special skills in coping with the situation, with the illness or death of a loved one, but always maintaining hope are some basic aspects of communication skills. (
  • The personality or attitude of a person and the coping strategies with life's events can predispose one to depressive illness. (
  • Theoretical content includes concepts of mental health and mental illness, emotional response to illness, stress and anxiety, coping adaptation, crisis interventions and prevention of unhealthy level of stress. (
  • The unprecedented heat wave in Europe has caused many deaths across the continent, but the highest number of victims has been in France, where illness and death have reached epidemic proportions. (
  • Interest in and recognition of the function of religious and spiritual coping in adjustment to serious illness, including cancer, has been growing. (
  • A part of coping with cancer depends on the quality of life before the illness occurred. (
  • Ma-Kellams is both a cross-cultural psychologist and an expert in terror management theory , which examines the ways death anxiety impacts our thoughts, feelings and behavior. (
  • Six months later 270 workers took part in this study, which analyses the relationships between objective stressors, the workers' own feelings and the reactions of their families after the explosion together with training, attitude to the workplace, general out-look, and received crisis help. (
  • Most feared relapse and death but hid their feelings to protect their parents. (
  • Differing ways of coping between mothers and fathers often caused feelings of resentment and marital difficulties. (
  • Britt, Deanna C., "Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions: A Retrospective Study of the Coping Efforts of Pediatric Cancer Patients in the Context of the Home, Institution, and Community" (1992). (
  • When does it become easier to cope with a parent's death? (
  • It takes time and the support of family and friends to work through many of the emotions resulting from a spouse's or parent's death, or losing a spouse or parent through divorce. (
  • TMT is derived from anthropologist Ernest Becker's 1973 Pulitzer Prize-winning work of nonfiction The Denial of Death, in which Becker argues most human action is taken to ignore or avoid the inevitability of death. (
  • Ernest Becker, 1973 Cultural anthropologist Ernest Becker asserted in his 1973 book The Denial of Death that humans, as intelligent animals, are able to grasp the inevitability of death. (
  • Before it happens we are defensive and guarded, and denial is our most frequent coping mechanism. (
  • Yet the denial is a way of coping. (
  • Some studies admit the conclusion that at least in the terminal phase such mechanisms play a role to make the situation endurable since the degree of death anxiety is related to the denial of one's own finiteness ( 11 ). (
  • Mankind s knowledge of the inevitability of death has likely endured since the evolution of the ability to reason in the abstract, and not surprisingly, man has responded with denial. (
  • However - as in most situations - denial can quickly outlive its usefulness, preventing people from coping with their emotions and participating in treatment. (
  • Job stress also frequently causes burnout, a condition marked by emotional exhaustion and negative or cynical attitudes toward others and yourself. (
  • Students in medical school are taught clinical detachment as a protective mechanism for dealing with emotional experiences such as death and dying. (
  • Involvement, emotional coping, and ability are three themes that develop during the dissection experience. (
  • The positive coping strategies we discuss below can promote your emotional well-being when dealing with cancer, and thereby enable you to feel more energetic and resilient. (
  • While providing health care can be stressful, the literature on how different health practitioners cope with the emotional challenges associated with their work is sparse. (
  • In this study, we explored emotional distress and associated coping strategies among health practitioners working in a pediatric oncology department in a large teaching hospital in Lomé, Togo. (
  • They also reported not receiving any training on how to cope with the emotional stresses associated with care and preventable patient deaths. (
  • Results underscore the need to train health professionals to positively cope with the emotional stresses associated with patient care and for health systems improvements to ensure quality care. (
  • In the following articles, we explore the emotional, spiritual, medical and legal aspects of helping friends and loved ones at the time of death. (
  • In both cases the inevitability of death is removed (except in contrived cases of the heat-death of the universe, the extinction of the human race, etc) and that's probably what people object to about immortality. (
  • Research tools were Ways of Coping Questionnaire by Lazarus, Golriz and Barahani's Religious Attitude Questionnaire, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. (
  • Walker's (1985) family stress model and Lazarus' (1984) coping paradigm guided the study. (
  • Findings support assessing patients for use of religious coping strategies. (
  • A qualified psychologist or other mental health professional can help you pinpoint the causes of your stress, and develop appropriate coping strategies. (
  • In this module, we attempt to summarize the vast amount of research on coping with cancer by highlighting 10 coping strategies that we believe may help you. (
  • Coping strategies reflects the process of coping and the ways of meeting goals and challenges. (
  • These coping strategies are not applicable to all patients. (
  • The coping strategies suggested here are for all patients, whether you are newly diagnosed, undergoing medical treatment or dealing with the many stages of cancer, including terminal cancer. (
  • I feel like I have learned so many self coping strategies that are useless to ADHD, i have extremely low self esteem and self confidence and am really relying on medication which is something I have never done before. (
  • The public health service must communicate respect for the patient's own coping strategies. (
  • Many times the client alternative coping strategies that the patient and partner: Bed rest or positioning, tape the bottom of the heart until its tip lies in either treatment or give advice on toilet training and, coupled with continuous monitoring remove from thick or long hair, even with theophylline concentrations in nonsmokers range between calories consumed and the results of mental illnesses. (
  • We also assessed their strategies for coping with these work-related stressors. (
  • A number of articles have been written on the perceptions, views and of mind with regard to forensic dissection, more passive coping strategies, attitudes of students after attending autopsies. (
  • To cope with serious water-related constraints in long dry season periods, plants adopt particular reproduction strategies, characterized by the quality, the quantity, the distribution and the type of regeneration. (
  • A traditional distinction is drawn between two main survival strategies: the r and the K modes ( r refers to an exponential growth rate, and K refers to the maximum biomass level), while between these two benchmark practices there is of course a wide range of attitudes. (
  • They may seek or avoid information about their diagnosis, depending on their attitudes and coping strategies. (
  • Benefits of Early Palliative Care on Coping Ability for Patients with Lung Cancer Cancer is considered to be the most wide-spread and prevalent disease that often ends with lethal outcomes (American Lung Association, 2016). (
  • Examining coping methods with stressful interpersonal events experienced by Muslims living in the United States following the 9/11 attacks. (
  • People with positive attitudes typically handle stressful situations in a more productive way. (
  • NDEs typically produce positive changes in attitudes, beliefs, and values, but may also lead to interpersonal and intrapsychic problems. (
  • You should read books about cancer survivors when you are coping with cancer because it may help to give you inspiration. (
  • Relationship between stress coping styles, negative automatic thoughts, life quality and happiness in hospitalized cardiovascular patients. (
  • Gonen G, Kaymak SU, Cankurtaran ES, Karslioglu EH, Ozalp E, Soygur H (2012) The factors contributing to death anxiety in cancer patients. (
  • To measure psychosocial correlates of desire for hastened death (DHD) and change in DHD in patients with late-stage cancer by examining the relationship among a patient's perception of being a burden, their caregiver's perceptions of the patient's burdensomeness, and DHD changes over time. (
  • Some Islamic scholars hold that organ donation after death is not permissible, and ethically, we have to be honest about this with patients and their relatives,' Padela said. (
  • Hospitals eventually stopped admitting patients, and people calling for ambulances were told they would have to cope where they were. (
  • Results indicated consistent differences in attitudes toward homosexuality and intravenous drug users, AIDS-phobia, AIDS-related work stress, and willingness to work with HIV, homosexual, or intravenous-drug-using patients among faculty, undergraduate, and graduate nursing students, and certificate-level dental hygiene students. (
  • A great deal of concern has been expressed about attitudes of health care professionals, including nurses, toward patients with HIV. (
  • It is generally agreed that providers' attitudes toward the people affected by the disease have an impact on willingness to treat patients, staff morale, and quality of service. (
  • In the United States, lung cancer is the leading cause of deaths among all patients with cancer (American Lung Association, 2016). (
  • No. Although some studies suggest that alternative or complementary therapies, including some herbs, may help patients cope with the side effects of cancer treatment, no herbal products have been shown to be effective for treating cancer. (
  • Instead of concentrating solely on demographic issues it takes a much broader view, considering attitudes towards ageing, dying, death, and memory. (
  • This study, however, published online March 13, 2014 by the journal Transplantation, found that overall levels of religiosity among American Muslims did not influence attitudes toward organ donation. (
  • The paper, 'Relationships Between Islamic Religiosity and Attitude Toward Deceased Organ Donation Among American Muslims: A Pilot Study,' will be published online on March 13. (
  • The people who went though the black death, after this incident the attitude they carried was hedonistic attitude. (
  • In times past, when death was eminent people would often leave the clan/tribe and let the natural elements take care of things. (
  • I say this because people are so quick to beg or feel aggrieved when they are treated with similar attitudes and insensitivities. (
  • In the course of the week, hospitals were thrown into crisis, unable to cope with the increasing numbers of people-mostly the elderly and frail and those with chronic illnesses-brought to them by the emergency services. (
  • The thought of death makes many people become more narrow-minded and nationalistic," noted Harvard University psychologist Christine Ma-Kellams . (
  • So if people don't like the dual options of death and immortality, they should have nothing against a middle ground decision of postponement. (
  • When some people come close to death, they report a profound experience of transcending the physical world that often leads to spiritual transformation. (
  • When some people come close to death, they go through a profound experience in which they believe they leave their bodies and enter some other realm or dimension, transcending the boundaries of the ego and the ordinary confines of time and space. (
  • Did you know that near death, people can hear and know what's going on, even though they may appear unconscious? (
  • Fear and anxiety about a disease can lead to social stigma, which is negative attitudes and beliefs toward people, places, or things. (
  • Clinically depressed people may have frequent thoughts of death or suicide. (
  • 5. Changes in Attitudes Toward People With Handicaps - Wright Beatrice A. (
  • Most people want to avoid thinking about death, but Caitlin Doughty-a twenty-something with a degree in medieval history and a flair for the macabre-took a job at a crematory, turning morbid curiosity into her life's work. (
  • The most obvious examples of cultural values that assuage death anxiety are those that purport to offer literal immortality (e.g., belief in afterlife, religion). (
  • On an individual level, self-esteem provides a buffer against death-related anxiety. (
  • The study aimed to predict the happiness of adolescents based on coping styles and religious attitudes. (
  • According to the results, it is recommended that use of problem-focused styles be emphasized in addition to strengthening of religious attitudes to increase the happiness of adolescents. (
  • Relationship between religious attitudes and happiness among professional employees. (
  • The comparison of different levels of religious attitude on sense of meaning, loneliness and happiness in life of elderly persons under cover of social welfare organization of urmia city. (
  • Lavery ME, O'Hea EL (2010) Religious/spiritual coping and adjustment in individuals with cancer: unanswered questions, important trends, and future directions. (
  • Zamanian H, Eftekhar-Ardebili H, Eftekhar-Ardebili M, Shojaeizadeh D, Nedjat S, Taheri-Kharameh Z, Daryaafzoon M (2015) Religious coping and quality of life in women with breast cancer. (
  • Padela and his colleagues surveyed a group of 97 adults recruited from mosques about aspects of their religious beliefs and opinions about organ donation after death. (
  • Survey respondents who had higher levels of negative religious coping -- the belief that negative events like sickness are punishment from God -- were much less likely to agree with organ donation after death. (
  • While the full extent of the health disaster has still to emerge, the heavy death toll has led to a serious political crisis for the French government. (
  • It compounded its dereliction by refusing to take steps to cope with the crisis as it grew in urgency from day to day. (
  • Traumatisation, coping style and crisis support was assessed via the Impact of Event Scale (IES), the Coping Styles Questionnaire (CSQ) and the Crisis Support Scale (CSS). (
  • Somewhat of a fatalist attitude, but a reasonable coping mechanism nonetheless. (
  • And it remains a coping mechanism that works for me. (
  • This updated second edition provides valuable new information on ways that social workers can help those with AIDS and their families, on traumatic death from any cause, and on the grieving processes of parents. (
  • Mortality is so universal, but the ways we cope with mortality may be culturally specific," she said, noting that East Asians are taught early on to look at the world in terms of yin and yang. (
  • Although Peller found relatively high morality rates among married women during the 16th and 17th centuries (due in large part to deaths in childbirth), he found that mortality rates improved dramatically for married women over the centuries while mortality rates for unmarried women under age 50 improved more slowly. (
  • McBride-Chang, Catherine 2007-01-27 00:00:00 The study was designated to explore the resilient (moderating) influences of gender-related personality traits and coping flexibility on the relations between life event stress and psychosocial adjustment in a sample of 291 Chinese young adults. (
  • What works for you depends on your personality, your current life situation and how you have coped in the past. (
  • 1 ] Yet even widely held beliefs, such as survival of the soul after death or a belief in miracles, vary substantially by gender, education, and ethnicity. (
  • The objectives of this study were to 1) explore nurses ' attitudes toward death , coping with death , understanding and performance regarding end-of-life (EOL) care, 2) describe correlations among the above factors, and 3) determine the factors affecting nurses ' EOL care performance. (
  • First, nurses showed significantly different attitudes toward death by age, religion , work unit and EOL care education . (
  • 3. Changing Attitudes toward Death. (
  • It will also focus on exploration of attitudes toward death and dying and responsibilities to the dying person and the family. (
  • One hundred American teenagers and 84 Israeli teenagers were interviewed by open-ended questionnaires in order to study their attitudes toward death, holding variables like religion, socio-economic status, and education constant. (
  • In Ireland we have an ambivalent approach to death. (
  • The findings indicated that children were ambivalent in their attitudes toward the disease process. (
  • Coping refers to how we deal with problems or difficulties. (
  • 1. Education About Death, Dying, and Bereavement. (
  • 6. Coping with Dying. (
  • Practical and inspiring, this best-selling book helps you learn to cope with encounters with death, dying, and bereavement. (
  • Dr. Charles A. Corr has been teaching and writing in the field of death, dying, and bereavement since 1975. (
  • What is the attitude towards death and dying of the main character Ivan Ilyich? (
  • What are attitudes about death and dying? (
  • What spiritual issues are likely to shape a persons attitude towards death and dying? (
  • How can social factor can affect individuals view on death and dying? (
  • Sin is transgression of the Word of YHVH according to John and I've seen nothing in the word to indicate that when death is eminent, you are sinning against YHVH by dying. (
  • Perspectives on Death and Dying. (
  • A multidisciplinary overview of death and dying. (
  • Health practitioners frequently encounter dying, death and suffering. (
  • It helps the dying person to let go if objects of attachment (sometimes this might also include family and friends), a day or so before death. (
  • 14. Psychosocial Counseling Aspects of Grief, Death, and Dying - Stebnicki Mark A. (
  • Now a licensed mortician with an alternative funeral practice, Caitlin argues that our fear of dying warps our culture and society, and she calls for better ways of dealing with death (and our dead). (
  • Experts predict that in the next few years AIDS will surpass heart disease and will be second only to accidents as a major cause of death. (
  • Individuals who are HIV positive and asymptomatic live with a fear of becoming ill and those diagnosed with AIDS must deal with their own imminent death. (
  • The issues that will be discussed in this section include the effects of AIDS on groups that are already stigmatized, and death as a disease outcome, with its resulting mechanisms of coping. (
  • The current AIDS epidemic has had a great impact on public attitudes toward homosexuality. (
  • A multidisciplinary group of health professional educators examined the faculty and student attitudes related to AIDS in undergraduate and graduate nursing programs and in a dental hygiene program. (
  • Lester and Beard (1988) studied baccalaureate nursing students to explore their knowledge, fears, beliefe, and attitudes regarding AIDS. (
  • Psychologically, women with ED differed significantly from women without ED by using a more primitive defense style, perceiving themselves as being more exposed to stress, using more inefficient methods of coping and having lower self-esteem. (
  • But less-defensive methods of coping with death are definitely possible, and some cultures make it easier than others to tap into these alternative ways. (
  • 19. The Meaning of Place of Death in Life. (
  • How you live has a major effect on your health and your life-not only your attitude but also your activities can promote better health. (
  • Your attitude depends in part on what you expect from life and how good you think your life has been. (
  • Terror management theory (TMT) is both a social and evolutionary psychology theory originally proposed by Jeff Greenberg, Sheldon Solomon, and Tom Pyszczynski and codified in their book The Worm at the Core: On the Role of Death in Life (2015). (
  • Nonetheless, there has usually been a neglect of the end of life and attitudes towards death and memory. (
  • The advantages of a positive mental attitude are innumerable, and it is likely that by improving your attitude, you will see improvements in many areas of your life. (
  • But after death (if it's somebody else's) our attitude changes radically, and we have what is known as a wake, a triumphant ceremony, a celebration of life in the face of death, an acceptance that death is a fitting end to what was a good story and a tale well worth the telling. (
  • All creatures have an awareness of death due to the innate programming which enables the fight or flight response to danger: yet man appears to be the only life-form that concerns itself with the possibility, when no immediate threat exists. (
  • The remainder see the life-force recreated as a perfect ethereal entity, and because any mental acuity lost during life is restored in the new existence, this spirit is not the same one which inhabited the body at death. (
  • American Muslims who interpret negative events in life as punishment from God are less likely to believe that donating organs after death is ethical than those with a more positive outlook, according to a survey conducted by researchers from the University of Chicago's Program on Medicine and Religion. (
  • I am actually talking about all the endless activities we are involved in on a daily basis that we practically consider being life or death. (
  • This study provides compelling evidence that the Eastern response to death is a renewed commitment to enjoying life. (
  • death would mean nothing without life, and vice-versa. (
  • But (from an Eastern perspective), when you are reminded of your own death, it can serve as a reminder that right now, you have a wonderful, glorious life to live, and you should make the most of it before it comes to an end. (
  • Like other life-extension technologies, cryonic preservation is merely an attempt to postpone suicice/death. (
  • Death is generally viewed as physical and spiritual cessation of life. (
  • For example, even as Angel and I have coped with the death of loved ones, we've discovered opportunities for us to appreciate life more, to appreciate the lives of those we've lost, and to appreciate the priceless time we had with our loved ones. (
  • Dealing with a devastating disease like cancer can cause many fears about life and death. (
  • According to the Buddhist way of thinking, death, far from being a subject to be shunned and avoided, is the key that unlocks the seeming mystery of life. (
  • She is well known as a remedy for acute problems and that is also her attitude in other situations in life. (
  • and parishes are almost always involved in pastoral care, responding to every social need imaginable, from domestic violence to families coping with Alzheimer's to bereavement and grief over the death of family members and friends. (
  • Nonetheless, Western society continues to struggle with antiaging attitudes, which tend to ignore the talents and creative contributions of older adults, expressed in the lack of opportunities for either vocational retraining and employment, or community service. (
  • Relationship between patient's sense of being a burden on primary caregiver & increase in patient desire for hastened death (DHD) by Caregiver Demands Scale (CDS) at baseline & Schedule of Attitudes toward Hastened Death (SAHD) at 2 & 4 mo. (
  • The study points to a complex relationship between attitudes toward organ donation and the Islamic faith. (
  • The relationship of these attitudes to behavioral intentions and the natural change of these attitudes over time is also examined. (
  • Improving your attitude starts with changing your thoughts. (
  • It all starts with your thoughts: a healthy attitude leads to a healthy body. (
  • Proposition 1 suggests that conscious thoughts about death can instigate health-oriented responses aimed at removing death-related thoughts from current focal attention. (
  • The results show a strong tendency to avoid discussions and thoughts about death, more so by the Israelis. (
  • Care is rooted in attitudes of relation, receptivity, and response, and these attitudes contribute positively to the social order and the social fabric. (
  • However, there has been little systematic research examining attitudes of faculty and students together, which could identify differences that might affect educational efforts. (
  • Abstract This research paper focuses on the prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes concerning diabetes in the United Arab Emirates. (
  • The authors integrate classical and contemporary material, present task-based approaches for individual and family coping, and include four substantial chapters devoted to death-related issues faced by children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly. (
  • Emphasis on knowledge, skills, and attitudes essential to health needs of healthy obstetric/newborn clients and those experiencing multiple health alterations within the family. (
  • the death of her brother inverted the family structure, too. (
  • When I'm down, I'd just think of many painful memories… the deaths of family members, painful experiences I'd had… and I'd just cry. (
  • I do not know whether any of my ancestors' family members or friends died on the voyage, but death at sea was not uncommon. (
  • Your attitude toward yourself and your body shapes your physical health, and conversely, your physical health can affect your attitude. (
  • If you're seeking a remedy to a physical ailment or simply want to find an easy way to improve your health, the answer may lie in your attitude. (
  • In the 1990s, over 2,500 articles on some aspect of coping with cancer have appeared in medical and mental health journals. (
  • they didn't actually have health services data/coroner data that showed causes of death. (
  • Knowledge, skills and attitudes essential to health needs of adults experiencing multiple health alterations. (
  • Their attitude and the fact that they took responsibility for their own situation are viewed as the most important reasons for their positive state of health. (
  • Health personnel showed little interest in their efforts to cope. (
  • Many doctors and health experts have pointed out that a good number of the deaths could have been prevented. (
  • Other studies have focused on attitudes and beliefe concerning alcoholics and drug addicts, establishing negative attitudes of health care providers toward this patient group. (
  • The women presented a fatalistic view of diabetes, regarding the disease as an inevitable event that destroys health and ultimately results in death. (
  • The key is to understand that no matter what happens, you can choose your attitude and actions, which dictates pretty much everything that happens next. (
  • But how exactly can you adjust your response, and keep your attitude and actions positive, in the heat of the moment? (
  • Because nurses ' performance was influenced by their work unit and understanding of EOL care, they should be provided with appropriate training to improve their understanding of death and EOL care according to work unit. (
  • Schools that prepare nurses are one focus of intervention efforts to reduce fear and improve attitudes related to HIV. (
  • The study shows that the number of periods of extremely high temperatures increased significantly over the period 1980-2009, all of which contributed to about 300 more deaths during these heat waves than had been the case without climate change. (
  • Many diabetics struggle to cope with the requirements, feeling overwhelmed and unmotivated. (
  • The home, institution, and community contexts were investigated to reveal their influences on the coping efforts of the study participants. (
  • Faculty and master's-level nursing students consistently indicated the most positive attitudes and behavioral intentions. (
  • A one-year follow-up of a sample of undergraduate students revealed little change in these attitudes or behavioral intentions. (
  • To determine the attitudes and perceptions of 5th-year medical students with regard to forensic postmortem examinations at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. (
  • They bind to particular matrix molecules, inadequate coping skills for self-removal of clothing will eliminate a source of the benzodiazepines. (
  • According to clinical psychiatrist Morton Levitt, Becker replaces the Freudian preoccupation with sexuality with the fear of death as the primary motivation in human behavior. (
  • Whether you are a single parent due to the death of a spouse, divorce, abandonment, or choice, you can provide a happy, healthy childhood for your children. (
  • Even the federal government got involved and, in 1980, the National Cancer Institute published Coping with Cancer . (
  • 2013-10-21] The increased temperatures caused by ongoing climate change in Stockholm, Sweden between 1980 and 2009 caused 300 more premature deaths than if the temperature increase did not take place. (
  • Stigma is associated with a lack of knowledge about how COVID-19 spreads, a need to blame someone, fears about disease and death, and gossip that spreads rumors and myths. (
  • For example, values of national identity, posterity, cultural perspectives on sex, and human superiority over animals have been linked to death concerns. (
  • This is a solid, useful book which contributes to a growing field of study on conceptions of aging and death in the past. (
  • In Sweden as a whole, it would mean about 1,500 more premature deaths, according to a study from researchers at Umeå University published in the journal Nature Climate Change. (
  • Although the increase in the number of deaths due to extreme temperature overall is quite small over a 30 year period, Daniel Oudin Åström emphasises that the current study only includes the Stockholm area. (
  • Therefore, the number of premature deaths caused by less extreme temperatures is not included in the study. (
  • The present study examines a constellation of student and faculty attitudes related to HIV at a nursing school that includes a certificate program for dental hygiéniste. (
  • To cope with these shortcomings, the study has come to the following conclusions: 1. (
  • And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death- even death on a cross! (
  • Using test-tube, cell-culture and animal models , the researchers found that it is DOPAL that causes alpha-synuclein protein in the brain to clump together, which in turn triggers the death of dopamine-producing cells and leads to Parkinson's. (
  • In one, 29 European Americans and 26 East Asians wrote about either death or dental pain, then read a series of Calvin and Hobbes comic strips and rated how funny they found them. (
  • The avoidance approach and fear of death that were found suggest the need to offer special courses on man and death in high schools. (
  • However, if the parent demonstrates an optimistic attitude, the children will be more likely to have a more hopeful outlook. (
  • Parochial attitudes have led to the nick-naming of the disease as the "gay plague" or "WOG" (Wrath of God) (Douglas, Kalman & Kalman, 1985). (
  • This is why information management is such an important part of coping with liver disease. (