The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The inter- and intra-relationships between various microorganisms. This can include both positive (like SYMBIOSIS) and negative (like ANTIBIOSIS) interactions. Examples include virus - bacteria and bacteria - bacteria.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.
Sexual activities of animals.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of humans.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The tendency of an individual or individuals to rely on others for advice, guidance, or support.
Using certified ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS technology to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce HEALTHCARE DISPARITIES; engage patients and families in their health care; improve care coordination; improve population and public health; while maintaining privacy and security.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.

Viewpoint: public versus private health care delivery: beyond the slogans. (1/3452)

In most settings, a 'public' health service refers to a service which belongs to the state. The term 'private' is used when health care is delivered by individuals and/or institutions not administered by the state. In this paper it is argued that such a distinction, which is based on the institutional or administrative identity of the health care provider, is not adequate because it takes for granted that the nature of this identity automatically determines the nature of the service delivered to the population. A different frame of classification between public and private health services is proposed: one which is based on the purpose the health service pursues and on the outputs it yields. A set of five operational criteria to distinguish between health services guided by a public or private purpose is presented. This alternative classification is discussed in relation to a variety of existing situations in sub-Saharan Africa (Mali, Uganda, Zimbabwe). It is hoped that it can be used as a tool in the hands of the health planner in order to bring more rationality in the current altercation between the public and the private health care sector.  (+info)

The myths of emergency medical care access in the managed care era. (2/3452)

In this paper, we examine the perception that emergency care is unusually expensive. We discuss the myths that have fueled the ineffective and sometimes deleterious efforts to limit access to emergency care. We demonstrate the reasons why these efforts are seriously flawed and propose alternate strategies that aim to improve outcomes, including cooperative ventures between hospitals and managed care organizations. We challenge managed care organizations and healthcare providers to collaborate and lead the drive to improve the cost and clinical effectiveness of emergency care.  (+info)

Outcomes research: collaboration among academic researchers, managed care organizations, and pharmaceutical manufacturers. (3/3452)

Medical and pharmaceutical outcomes research has been of increasing interest in the past 10 to 15 years among healthcare providers, payers, and regulatory agencies. Outcomes research has become a multidisciplinary field involving clinicians, health services researchers, epidemiologists, psychometricians, statisticians, psychologists, sociologists, economists, and ethicists. Collaboration among researchers in different organizations that offer different types of services and various research expertise is the essential element for any successful outcomes project. In this article we discuss collaboration on outcomes research among academic researchers (mainly those who work in colleges of pharmacy), managed care organizations, and research-based pharmaceutical manufacturers, with a focus on the opportunities and challenges facing each party. The pharmaceutical industry needs information to make product and promotion decisions; the managed care industry has data to offer but needs analysis of these data; and pharmacy schools, among other academic institutions, have skilled researchers and data-processing capacity but require projects for revenue, research training, experience, and publications. Challenges do exist with such endeavors, but collaboration could be beneficial in satisfying the needs of the individual parties.  (+info)

The effects of group size and group economic factors on collaboration: a study of the financial performance of rural hospitals in consortia. (4/3452)

STUDY QUESTIONS: To determine factors that distinguish effective rural hospital consortia from ineffective ones in terms of their ability to improve members' financial performance. Two questions in particular were addressed: (1) Do large consortia have a greater collective impact on their members? (2) Does a consortium's economic environment determine the degree of collective impact on members? DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Based on the hospital survey conducted during February 1992 by the Robert Wood Johnson Hospital-Based Rural Health Care project of rural hospital consortia. The survey data were augmented with data from Medicare Cost Reports (1985-1991), AHA Annual Surveys (1985-1991), and other secondary data. STUDY DESIGN: Dependent variables were total operating profit, cost per adjusted admission, and revenue per adjusted admission. Control variables included degree of group formalization, degree of inequality of resources among members (group asymmetry), affiliation with other consortium group(s), individual economic environment, common hospital characteristics (bed size, ownership type, system affiliation, case mix, etc.), year (1985-1991), and census region dummies. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: All dependent variables have a curvilinear association with group size. The optimum group size is somewhere in the neighborhood of 45. This reveals the benefits of collective action (i.e., scale economies and/or synergy effects) and the issue of complexity as group size increases. Across analyses, no strong evidence exists of group economic environment impacts, and the environmental influences come mainly from the local economy rather than from the group economy. CONCLUSION: There may be some success stories of collaboration among hospitals in consortia, and consortium effects vary across different collaborations. RELEVANCE/IMPACT: When studying consortia, it makes sense to develop a typology of groups based on some performance indicators. The results of this study imply that government, rural communities, and consortium staff and steering committees should forge the consortium concept by expanding membership in order to gain greater financial benefits for individual hospitals.  (+info)

Barriers to guideline adherence. Based on a presentation by Michael Cabana, MD. (5/3452)

Successful implementation of the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) should improve quality of care by decreasing inappropriate variation and by disseminating new advances to everyday practice. A key component of this process is physician adherence to JNC-VI guidelines. However several reports in the literature show a discrepancy between hypertension guidelines and actual practice. The factors that influence physician behavior change and optimal use of practice guidelines are poorly understood. A combined model that uses the Awareness-to-Adherence Model and Social Cognitive Theory identifies five sequential steps that lead to adherence to a guideline--awareness, agreement, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and presence of a cueing mechanism. Barriers to implementation may occur at any of these steps and can be identified with this model. Programs can then be designed to overcome specific barriers. By conceptualizing the underlying issues in physician adherence, the combined model should be useful to guideline developers, practice directors, and health services researchers.  (+info)

Hypertension and managed care. Based on a presentation by Robert P. Jacobs, MD, MBA. (6/3452)

A shift in principles has accompanied the evolution of healthcare delivery from a fee-for-service system to managed care. Managed care organizations have to make decisions on the allocation of healthcare resources that will enhance the care of the entire population. Cost reduction has been a major driver for managed care, but this is increasingly being supplanted by other goals such as increasing the quality of care and the value of health services and providing accountability. As the population ages, management of chronic lifelong illness will pose an increasing challenge. Hypertension is a common chronic illness that, if left untreated, imposes an enormous economic burden on society. These and other aspects of the disease and its management make it eminently suitable for intervention in a managed care setting. Challenges and opportunities exist for disease management initiatives for hypertension in the managed care environment. As health plans enhance their data systems and begin to focus on the long-term benefits of chronic disease management, hypertension will certainly be an early target for intervention and control.  (+info)

Selfish sentinels in cooperative mammals. (7/3452)

Like humans engaged in risky activities, group members of some animal societies take turns acting as sentinels. Explanations of the evolution of sentinel behavior have frequently relied on kin selection or reciprocal altruism, but recent models suggest that guarding may be an individual's optimal activity once its stomach is full if no other animal is on guard. This paper provides support for this last explanation by showing that, in groups of meerkats (Suricata suricatta), animals guard from safe sites, and solitary individuals as well as group members spend part of their time on guard. Though individuals seldom take successive guarding bouts, there is no regular rota, and the provision of food increases contributions to guarding and reduces the latency between bouts by the same individual.  (+info)

Evidence-based nephrology. (8/3452)

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are the best approaches available for summarizing the available evidence concerning the efficacy of therapies. Although the renal field has been slow to use these techniques, they are being used increasingly. In March 1997, the Cochrane Renal Group was formed, and this group aims to produce and maintain up to date systematic reviews of the evidence on the effectiveness of therapies used to treat patients with renal diseases. This group is part of the Cochrane Collaboration which is an international structure grouping collaborators together, with the aim of preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews of the effects of health care in all areas of medicine.  (+info)

The average wait time observed in the preintervention group is similar to the wait times observed in other research regarding prior authorizations of HCV infection treatment.8 Do et al8 found that approximately 1 in 5 prescriptions for HCV therapy are initially denied by PBMs, which require provider appeal. Introducing a collaborative approach to processing prior authorizations between pharmacy and the clinic staff resulted in a reduction in the time between the provider ordering the medication and the pharmacys awareness that the medication had been approved by the PBM. In addition to the reduction in mean wait time in the adjusted model, the spread in the distribution of times was reduced as seen by the reduced standard deviation in both unadjusted and adjusted models. From a customer service standpoint, more precision with wait times allows the clinic and pharmacy teams to manage patient expectations and improve satisfaction with service.13 A multidisciplinary approach may also improve the ...
Get this from a library! Managing suicidal risk : a collaborative approach. [David A Jobes] -- This clinical manual offers essential tools and guidance for therapists of any orientation faced with the complex challenges of assessing and treating a suicidal patient. In a large, ...
COLLABORATIVE NETWORK FOR CLINICAL RESEARCH ON IMMUNE TOLERANCE Release Date: January 22, 1999 RFP AVAILABLE: NIH-NIAID-DAIT-99-30 P.T. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases The Division of Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH, has a requirement for a Contractor having the capabilities and facilities to establish, coordinate and manage a Collaborative Network for Clinical Research on Immune Tolerance. The goals of this Collaborative Network are to: (1) design a long-term research agenda to accelerate the application of tolerogenic approaches for the treatment of multiple immune system diseases, including autoimmune diseases, asthma and allergic diseases, and graft rejection on solid organ, cell and tissue transplantation. Specifically, the Contractor shall design and conduct clinical trials at all phases to evaluate the safety, toxicity and efficacy of promising tolerance induction strategies in these ...
Objectives: Canada and Australia share two priority areas for HI workforce capacity building: to support research and education. This presentation will discuss a collaborative, nationwide health informatics (HI) PhD/Postdoc training program in Canada, which demonstrates a potential solution to meet these priorities. The status of HI higher education in Australia is briefly reviewed. The potential solution in resolving workforce shortage in Australia through adopting overseas practice is discussed, such as implementing a similar collaborative HI research training program across the country. Background: A Think Tank organized by Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing in 2003 explored the issue of HI workforce capacity building and identified a list of priorities for action. These included support for research and education. One proposed strategy for addressing research support was to:
Eagle Genomics held their 3rd annual Symposium in Cambridge on 21st March 2013, offering a wide variety of talks under a common theme of big data and cuts in Bioinformatics. These were interspersed with breaks for very useful networking conversations.. It is always a joy to meet our authors at such meetings and I was pleased to meet the first author of a sugar beet paper published a year ago in BMC Genomics. Her presence (and others from the plant world) marked an increased emphasis on plant genomics over the previous two meetings held in 2011 and 2012.. The talks ranged from using next generation methods for identifying old and ancient samples in a museum environment to pre-competitive alliances and the development of green computing software. The full agenda is available here.. The keynote speaker was John Wise of the Pistoia Alliance (a precompetitive alliance of life science groups that aims to lower barriers to innovation) -whose theme was Open Innovation does work and the Pistoia Alliance ...
As a second example, even though academic and clinical educators strive to facilitate students ability to ask questions and answer them, they may differ in their focus. Academic educators may encourage students to ask empirical questions whereas clinical educators may push students to ask clinical questions. Again, both types of questions need to be asked and answered for future professionals to keep the research and clinical aspects of the profession alive. However, integration of academic and clinical questions does not mean the questions must be asked at the same time and same place. Rather, students must be shown how to ask these questions, and how questions from either aspect of our profession affect the other. An average daily balance of academic and clinical questions asked and answered across a curriculum ensures a healthy return on educators invested efforts ...
UK - There needs to be greater collaboration between farmers, retailers and processors to reduce food waste along the supply chain, writes Chris Harris.
Memorial Sloan Kettering is the first and only hospital in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut to offer a new, more patient-friendly approach for doctors to precisely pinpoint and remove small breast cancers.
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved VoseviTM (sofosbuvir 400 mg/velpatasvir 100 mg/voxilaprevir 100 mg) tablets, a single-tablet regimen for the re-treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in adults with genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 previously treated with an NS5A inhibitor-containing regimen, or with genotype 1a or 3 previously treated with a sofosbuvir-containing regimen without an NS5A inhibitor. The approval is based on data from the Phase 3 POLARIS-1 and POLARIS-4 studies, which evaluated 12 weeks of Vosevi in direct-acting antiviral-experienced chronic HCV-infected patients without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): There is much positive research on computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environments in asynchronous distributed learning groups (DLGs). There is also research that shows that contemporary CSCL environments do not completely fulfil expectations on supporting interactive group learning, shared understanding, social construction of knowledge, and acquisition of competencies. There appear to be two major pitfalls impeding achievement of the desired social interaction in CSCL environments: taking social interaction in groups for granted and the lack of attention paid to the social psychological dimension of social interaction outside of the task context. Current solutions offered to avoid the pitfalls placed responsibility on instructors and teachers to encourage collaborative learning and social interaction. To both free educators from this burden and be more cost effective, we propose an intelligent CSCL environment.
Downloadable! The importance of networks supporting collaboration between legally independent business partners is increasing. This is partly due to on specialization focused business strategies and the effects of globalization. Often these collaborative networks are submitted to web-based services linked through service oriented architecture (SOA) to individual firms ERP environment. However, when looking at Western Europe, integration of business activities is still challenged by a blockade of traditional business patterns. Participants in collaborative networks have to cross bridges to break with traditional business patterns. Virtues in business such as: transparency, trustworthiness, and action orientation are considered as constraints. Traditional business cherishes illusion about price, capacity and firms business standards. To implement change and transparent business settings ethical leadership is required.
AbeBooks.com: A Profile in Effective Collaboration:: The Liver Transplant Team at the University of Colorado Hospital (9783639134438) by Eileen McQuillan and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
... Enters Collaboration on Receptor Associated Protein (RAP) ...Supports NeuroTrans(TM) Platform with Japanese Patent ...NOVATO Calif. Nov. 6 /- Raptor Pharmaceutical...The collaborative research with Brigham and Womens Hospital focuses o...,Raptor,Pharmaceuticals,Provides,Update,on,Targeting,Platforms,medicine,advanced medical technology,medical laboratory technology,medical device technology,latest medical technology,Health
In the college of SVSU Health and Human Services, emphasis is placed on interprofessional education to prepare students for collaborative practice. We find value in developing learning activities that engage our students in a collaborative approach to care while keeping the person or population served at the center. Our role as educators is to create a safe learning environment, facilitate the interprofessional interaction, and debrief on the experiences as they apply to professional practice. The overall goal is to create a culture of effective communication and teamwork that will positively influence the quality of care in the populations and communities we serve. ...
Alaska Center for Conservation Science (ACCS) fosters research, education, and collaboration on biological conservation and natural resource management in Alaska and the Arctic
Workshops created in collaboration with Bonadron and Pompeu Fabra University, with the aim to develop state-of-the-art skills through the task of creating parts of drones. Workshops will be conducted in an innovative environment, as part of research in the field of technology in education. Participants will work in groups where the team worker gets to the solution and helps create new learning methodologies.. During the collaborative process, they will learn how to create a conceptual solution, discuss, make decisions and produce the desired output. During the collaborative process, the drone will be used as an auxiliary means in order for participants to get a better sense of the requirements. Participants will learn how to use ThinkerCad software and by that acquire the skills they can use in other design tasks. During the activity, collaborative parameters will be measured (movements, electrodermal and voice activity), in order to better understand and improve the collaboration process. In ...
Objective. The objective of this project was to develop core competencies in pain assessment and management for prelicensure health professional education. Such core pain competencies common to all prelicensure health professionals have not been previously reported. Methods. An interprofessional executive committee led a consensus-building process to develop the core competencies. An in-depth literature review was conducted followed by engagement of an interprofessional Competency Advisory Committee to critique competencies through an iterative process. A 2-day summit was held so that consensus could be reached. Results. The consensus-derived competencies were categorized within four domains: multidimensional nature of pain, pain assessment and measurement, management of pain, and context of pain management. These domains address the fundamental concepts and complexity of pain; how pain is observed and assessed; collaborative approaches to treatment options; and application of competencies across the
Virtual Collaborative Learning: Opportunities and Challenges of Web 2.0-based e-Learning Arrangements for Developing Countries: 9781466641150: New technologies are used increasingly to enhance peoples lives in many fields, and education is a very important sector that can benefit from technological
The IBM WebSphere Business Integration for Healthcare Collaborative Network is an internet-based, private information network that enables secure transmission of clinical data to healthcare participants.
Framework Programs for Global Health Innovation (FRAME Innovation) will provide support to institutions in the U.S. and in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to build capacity within their institutions to develop broadly interdisciplinary, postdoctoral (or post-terminal degree) research training programs in global health directed towards encouraging innovation in health-related products, processes and policies. The program emphasizes hands-on, problem-solving, and collaborative approaches and allows U.S. and LMIC trainees to be trained together.. Interdisciplinary trainee teams should be challenged to identify critical health needs in LMICs that can be addressed through innovation, and carry out the underlying scientific research necessary to develop, validate, and test their concepts. To increase the potential for translation of research findings into realized health benefits, project design should include considerations of implementation appropriate to low resource settings in LMICs, ...
The Johns Hopkins Division of Reproductive Science and Womens Health Research is a comprehensive research center devoted to advancing the health of women at every stage of their lives. Led by Dr. James Segars, we are a team of lab scientists, biomedical researchers and patient care providers united in a desire to better understand reproductive processes. This includes investigating the impact social and environmental changes have on gamete exchange, fertility, nidation, maintenance of pregnancy, birth, cellular growth and senescence.. We know medical breakthroughs occur at the intersection of different scientific disciplines. Our collaborative approach to reproductive science draws strength from the expertise across Johns Hopkins. This has given birth to groundbreaking discoveries that assist the larger scientific community in improving the health of women, men and their offspring.. ...
A new opinion article published by Science today advocates for a harmonized and collaborative approach to the clinical testing, scale-up and distribution of candidate vaccines to prevent COVID-19. The piece was penned by NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins, NIAID Director Dr. Anthony Fauci, Dr. Lawrence Corey, a vaccine expert at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Dr. John R. Mascola, of the NIAIDs Vaccine Research Center. The authors suggest more than one effective vaccine approach will likely be required to successfully protect the global community from SARS-CoV-2. Their article also describes a strategic approach aimed at generating the data required to develop multiple vaccine candidates in parallel.. The writers emphasize developing COVID-19 vaccines will require unprecedented cooperation from governments, academic institutions, industry and global philanthropic partners. The Science article also repeatedly refers to the importance of animal studies in developing effective COVID-19 ...
The Office of Global Health Initiatives identifies, engages in and advances innovative and sustainable solutions to significant global health problems. We achieve this through collaborative approaches to education, research and service for populations and individuals ...
Critical neuroscience is an approach that addresses these contested issues surrounding the field of cognitive neuroscience from multiple viewpoints. The aim is to engage neuroscientists with researchers in the humanities and social sciences who deal with the implications of brain-based approaches to fields such as education, law, medicine, social policy, business and with the expansion of neuroscience in the University more broadly. Critical neuroscience encourages collaborative approaches to careful assessments of the status quo, longer-term impacts, potentials and problems of cognitive neuroscience within the laboratory and in the various areas of application. The project has been analyzing methods, technologies and theoretical paradigms, while also drawing on history and philosophy of science, anthropology, sociology and cultural studies, and reaching out to include practitioners from medicine, social policy, counseling and science journalism in order to better understand whether and how ...
Critical neuroscience is an approach that addresses these contested issues surrounding the field of cognitive neuroscience from multiple viewpoints. The aim is to engage neuroscientists with researchers in the humanities and social sciences who deal with the implications of brain-based approaches to fields such as education, law, medicine, social policy, business and with the expansion of neuroscience in the University more broadly. Critical neuroscience encourages collaborative approaches to careful assessments of the status quo, longer-term impacts, potentials and problems of cognitive neuroscience within the laboratory and in the various areas of application. The project has been analyzing methods, technologies and theoretical paradigms, while also drawing on history and philosophy of science, anthropology, sociology and cultural studies, and reaching out to include practitioners from medicine, social policy, counseling and science journalism in order to better understand whether and how ...
Critical neuroscience is an approach that addresses these contested issues surrounding the field of cognitive neuroscience from multiple viewpoints. The aim is to engage neuroscientists with researchers in the humanities and social sciences who deal with the implications of brain-based approaches to fields such as education, law, medicine, social policy, business and with the expansion of neuroscience in the University more broadly. Critical neuroscience encourages collaborative approaches to careful assessments of the status quo, longer-term impacts, potentials and problems of cognitive neuroscience within the laboratory and in the various areas of application. The project has been analyzing methods, technologies and theoretical paradigms, while also drawing on history and philosophy of science, anthropology, sociology and cultural studies, and reaching out to include practitioners from medicine, social policy, counseling and science journalism in order to better understand whether and how ...
Yellowstone Valley Behavioral Health is a comprehensive behavioral health provider offering counseling to individuals, families, groups, and couples. YVBHealth supports clients as they navigate emotional distress, through a humanistic and collaborative approach. Through this process we believe clients can exceed their potential and live a more whole life. ...
IT and care redesign need to empower the collaborative approaches healthcare organizations use in effectively providing services for patients.
University of Colorado Hospital (UCH) is seeking a Clinical Pharmacist for our Transplant Unit who will be an active member of our interdisciplinary team. As a pioneer in the field of transplant services, UCH understands the importance of a collaborative approach to the successful recovery of a transplant patient. As the only academic hospital in the state of Colorado, UCH leads the way in the most advanced care.. ...
Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard Medical School (HMS)s Personal Genome Project (PGP) announced today a new collaboration with Lumos Labs, makers of brain training program Lumosity.
The novel research proposal recently received $30,000 in funding from the Temerty Foundation, a charitable group dedicated to improving life for Canadians. The grant will support Bukowski, Radomsky and a team of graduate students in developing a pilot program that will bring stress-management techniques into middle school classrooms across Montreal.. Concordia is carving out a niche in bringing new approaches and alternatives to complement societys efforts to improve mental well-being, says Christophe Guy, vice-president of research and graduate studies. I commend professors Bukowski and Radomsky on this important community-driven initiative, as well as on their collaborative approach to health research.. While still in development, the program will comprise multiple parts, with a focus on what it means to be a mentally healthy person as well as practical techniques for dealing with anxiety in social and academic contexts.. It will also include a training component for teachers who, as ...
Increasing physical activity, as part of an active lifestyle, is an important health goal for individuals with Parkinson disease (PD). Exercise can positively impact health related quality of life. Given this, how can we promote physically active lifestyles among PD patients (most of whom are sedentary)? Here we suggest that health care professionals could significantly expand their impact by collaborating with PD patients, their spouses (or caregivers) and scientists to increase exercise in regionalized networks as equal partners or colleagues. We outline reasons why collaborative approaches are important in PD, including the need to increase social capital, which deals with issues of trust and the value of social networks in linking members of a community ...
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a sustained, community-based collaborative approach to antenatal care services for Indigenous women. Design: Prospective quality improvement intervention, the Mums and Babies program, in a cohort of women attending Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Service, 1 January 2000 - 31 December 2005 (MB group), compared with a historical control group (PreMB group), 1 January 1998 - 30 June 1999. Main outcome measures: Proportion of women having inadequate antenatal care and screening; perinatal indicators. Results: Thenumberofantenatalvisitsperpregnancyincreasedfromthree (interquartilerange[IQR],twotosix)inthePreMBgrouptosix(IQR,fourtoten)inthe MB group (P | 0.001). There were significant improvements in care planning, completion of cycle-of-care, and antenatal education activities throughout the study period. About 90% of all women attending for antenatal care were screened for sexually transmitted diseases, 89% had measurement of haemoglobin level, and serological
Harwood believes solutions to our shared problems will not be found by government. Rather they require people and communities working together. I agree, but I would add institutions to the mix. I think schools, nonprofits and the media are part of the collaborative approach needed for problem-solving. But Harwoods point is well taken. He argues that the biggest issue we face is to restore our belief that we can come together and get things done, and that will only happen in our local communities. We each have the power within us to overcome our anxiety and set a new trajectory for the country, Harwood writes. I find that hopeful.. But what do we do when conditions within our local communities are also the cause of our anxiety? How do we reconnect with others when theres been a breakdown of trust within the very space to which we need to turn for solutions?. Differences of opinion can be healthy. If we are willing to listen to each other and make a sincere effort to find common ground, we can ...
Imperial Network for Vaccine Research (INVaR): collaborative approaches to tackling global vaccine challenges, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Vaccine Centre retreat, Windsor, 2019 Accelerating vaccine development through innovation in experimental medicine, Imperial Forum Workshop, 2019 Human challenge with H3N2 influenza, MRC HIC-Vac, Annual meeting, Liverpool, 2018 Protective immunity in human experimental influenza & RSV infection, London Infections and Immunity Symposium, Crick Institute, 2018 Human influenza challenge studies: cellular immunity in the respiratory tract, Public Health England, HPRU in Respiratory Infections, Colindale, 2018 The role of Controlled Human Infection Models in the licensure of vaccines, World Health Organisation, Product Development for Vaccines Advisory Committee meeting, Geneva, 2018 The challenges of respiratory viral infection, University of Ghent, VIB-UGent Medical Biotechnology Center, 2018 The challenges of respiratory viral infection, ...
The Center for Female Pelvic Medicine & Surgery offers a comprehensive approach for meeting all pelvic health needs by bringing together specialists that include urologists, gynecologists, colorectal specialists, physical therapists and psychologists. Specialists with a common focus in female pelvic health combine their expertise by sharing information on best practices and developing new approaches to patient care. This collaborative approach benefits patients by offering them access to more advanced treatment options with greater opportunities to heal and restore pelvic health and function. ...
At Lehigh Valley Health Network, we are committed to providing our patients and community with the best possible care and treatments. Our research scientists are integrated with our clinical departments for a comprehensive, collaborative approach to research. Have a question about clinical trials? Contact the Network Office of Research and Innovation at 610-402-9543.. ...
ASNC is the premier source for education and quality in the rapidly expanding area of cardiac amyloidosis. Through its initiatives and partnerships, ASNC is supporting a collaborative approach to awareness, early diagnosis and effective treatments that will save lives and improve quality of life for patients with CA. As the medical society focused on nuclear cardiology, ASNC is uniquely qualified to provide education, information and advocacy that ensures appropriate referrals for Tc-99m PYP imaging; supports high-quality testing, interpretation and reporting of Tc-99m PYP imaging by imagers; and encourages fair reimbursement of Tc-99m PYP services and approval of CA treatment agents ...
The providers at Duke Wound Management Clinic take a collaborative approach to your health to ensure you experience the most optimal outcome possible. Our team consists of physicians, surgeons, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants.
The Centre for Cell Signalling and Molecular Genetics was established in March 2008 by Patrick Maxwell and Margaret Ashcroft. The main goal of the centre is to understand the key cellular mechanisms involved in oxygen sensing and hypoxia signalling in mammalian cells. In particular, the centre has a strong interest in the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) family of transcription factors and their role in cancer and other diseases. The centre takes multidisciplinary collaborative approaches to pursue scientific questions combining both basic and translational research ...
Determined to alleviate human suffering, in 1997 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, established a world-class neuroscience center. The first-step in fulfilling that commitment was the recruitment of Dr. Wise Young to design and lead a unique program built on a problem-solving, collaborative approach to neuroscience. Dr. Young is recognized as one of the worlds outstanding neuroscientists and a leader in the field of spinal cord Injury.. The Center applied for and received a $2.1 million grant from the W. M. Keck Foundation, the largest grant given to an East Coast institution, resulting in the name: W. M. Keck Center for Collaborative Neuroscience. A series of Wall Street supported fundraisers under the banner CURE broke existing records for fundraising in a single night. In 1998, a Wall-Breaking Ceremony featuring paralyzed actor and activist Christopher Reeve marked the beginning of construction.. Eight highly recognized faculty members with a variety of expertise were recruited ...
Were working to find better ways of detecting and treating a wide range of diseases, and helping our community to live long and healthy lives. Our expertise in diverse fields of research enables us to understand how the body functions in health and disease, and how diseases may be better prevented, diagnosed and treated.
Global Acute Lymphocytic/Lymphoblastic Leukemia Therapeutics Market is expected to reach USD 3.4 billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. Increasing public and private initiatives for diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), rising number of bone marrow biopsies, and availability of other treatment options are factors expected to increase the adoption of ALL procedures. For instance, The Baby Friendly Initiative Program by UNICEF (UK) and SickKids-Caribbean Initiative, a collaborative approach between hospitals and healthcare institutions in Canada, aim to provide free diagnosis and treatment services to infants suffering from ALL, who meet certain eligibility criteria.. Furthermore, rising incidence of ALL is anticipated to boost the market. The disease is prevalent among children below 5 years of age. The risk of contracting ALL is the highest between the ages of 0 and 20. On the other hand, adults are also at a risk of developing this condition. The ...
Global Acute Lymphocytic/Lymphoblastic Leukemia Therapeutics Market is expected to reach USD 3.4 billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. Increasing public and private initiatives for diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), rising number of bone marrow biopsies, and availability of other treatment options are factors expected to increase the adoption of ALL procedures. For instance, The Baby Friendly Initiative Program by UNICEF (UK) and SickKids-Caribbean Initiative, a collaborative approach between hospitals and healthcare institutions in Canada, aim to provide free diagnosis and treatment services to infants suffering from ALL, who meet certain eligibility criteria.. Furthermore, rising incidence of ALL is anticipated to boost the market. The disease is prevalent among children below 5 years of age. The risk of contracting ALL is the highest between the ages of 0 and 20. On the other hand, adults are also at a risk of developing this condition. The ...
Global Acute Lymphocytic/Lymphoblastic Leukemia Therapeutics Market is expected to reach USD 3.4 billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. Increasing public and private initiatives for diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), rising number of bone marrow biopsies, and availability of other treatment options are factors expected to increase the adoption of ALL procedures. For instance, The Baby Friendly Initiative Program by UNICEF (UK) and SickKids-Caribbean Initiative, a collaborative approach between hospitals and healthcare institutions in Canada, aim to provide free diagnosis and treatment services to infants suffering from ALL, who meet certain eligibility criteria.. Furthermore, rising incidence of ALL is anticipated to boost the market. The disease is prevalent among children below 5 years of age. The risk of contracting ALL is the highest between the ages of 0 and 20. On the other hand, adults are also at a risk of developing this condition. The ...
Baltimore, Md. - The Alvin & Lois Lapidus Cancer Institute of LifeBridge Health launched the new Comprehensive Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor Center , which provides the most advanced treatment options for rare tumors of the bone and soft tissue (fat, blood vessels, nerves, muscles, deep skin tissues and cartilage) in both adult and pediatric patients. The center offers a collaborative approach to care - working together with patients, their families and referring physicians. The center is led by Albert...
This guideline covers how community pharmacies can help maintain and improve peoples physical and mental health and wellbeing, including people with a long-term condition. It aims to encourage more people to use community pharmacies by integrating them within existing health and care pathways and ensuring they offer standard services and a consistent approach. It requires a collaborative approach from individual pharmacies and their representatives, local authorities and other commissioners. ...
This guideline covers how community pharmacies can help maintain and improve peoples physical and mental health and wellbeing, including people with a long-term condition. It aims to encourage more people to use community pharmacies by integrating them within existing health and care pathways and ensuring they offer standard services and a consistent approach. It requires a collaborative approach from individual pharmacies and their representatives, local authorities and other commissioners. ...
Quality improvement collaboratives are widely used to improve health care in both high-income and low and middle-income settings. Teams from multiple health facilities share learning on a given topic and apply a structured cycle of change testing. Previous systematic reviews reported positive effects on target outcomes, but the role of context and mechanism of change is underexplored. This realist-inspired systematic review aims to analyse contextual factors influencing intended outcomes and to identify how quality improvement collaboratives may result in improved adherence to evidence-based practices. We built an initial conceptual framework to drive our enquiry, focusing on three context domains: health facility setting; project-specific factors; wider organisational and external factors; and two further domains pertaining to mechanisms: intra-organisational and inter-organisational changes. We systematically searched five databases and grey literature for publications relating to quality improvement
Dublin, Ireland (PRWEB) July 21, 2008 -- Ethoca, the leader in collaborative fraud management, today announces that Micro League, Inc., a pioneering value
If two players play prisoners dilemma more than once in succession and they remember previous actions of their opponent and change their strategy accordingly, the game is called iterated prisoners dilemma. In addition to the general form above, the iterative version also requires that 2R , T + S, to prevent alternating cooperation and defection giving a greater reward than mutual cooperation. The iterated prisoners dilemma game is fundamental to some theories of human cooperation and trust. On the assumption that the game can model transactions between two people requiring trust, cooperative behaviour in populations may be modeled by a multi-player, iterated, version of the game. It has, consequently, fascinated many scholars over the years. In 1975, Grofman and Pool estimated the count of scholarly articles devoted to it at over 2,000. The iterated prisoners dilemma has also been referred to as the Peace-War game.[9] If the game is played exactly N times and both players know this, then ...
Reviews find a likely adverse effect of air pollution on perinatal outcomes, but variation of findings hinders the ability to incorporate the research into policy. The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO) was formed to better understand relationships between air pollution and adverse birth outcomes through standardized parallel analyses in datasets from different countries. A planning group with 10 members from 6 countries was formed to coordinate the project. Collaboration participants have datasets with air pollution values and birth outcomes. Eighteen research groups with data for approximately 20 locations in Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America are participating, with most participating in an initial pilot study. Datasets generally cover the 1990s. Number of births is generally in the hundreds of thousands, but ranges from around 1,000 to about one million. Almost all participants have some measure of particulate matter, and most have
Denmark and India extend their collaboration on biotechnological research. The Danish-Indian steering committee decided on their recent meeting in New Dehli to arrange joint research workshops on stem cells and nutrigenomics.
Kathy Glass, Associate Director and Distinguished Scientist at Food Research Institute (FRI), took up the project and executed multiple research trials this summer and fall with funding from WCMA.. Throughout the project, FRI used fresh whey produced at Center for Dairy Research, just two blocks away. Researchers inoculated fresh, warm whey with S. Aureus, then watched for growth in whey held at 90F and 70F. The whey at these temperatures was monitored in samples with no added hydrogen peroxide, 10 ppm hydrogen peroxide and 100 ppm hydrogen peroxide. The study even ran unique trials using cheese whey with mesophilic starter culture, thermophilic starter culture or no culture at all, mimicking some Hispanic cheese styles.. Preliminary results find that in 90F raw whey with starter culture, S. Aureus dies off with no addition of hydrogen peroxide or with the addition of hydrogen peroxide. Initial speculation from researchers at CDR is that the beneficial dairy bacteria successfully outcompete this ...
The long-term success of collaborative approaches to freshwater planning depends on their democratic legitimacy. With collaborative planning being promoted by the New Zealand government and trialled by several regional councils, this study is one of the first in New Zealand to gauge the wider communitys views of the legitimacy of this new approach. This report focuses on the issue of representation-how affected interests are involved in collaborative deliberations-and specifically the perceptions of the legitimacy of the collaborative process by those not directly involved in the deliberatio ...
Start Over You searched for: Subjects Cooperative Behavior ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Cooperative Behavior Subjects Military Personnel ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Military Personnel Genre Postcards ✖Remove constraint Genre: Postcards Titles Are you in this? ✖Remove constraint Titles: Are you in this? Dates by Range 1900-1949 ✖Remove constraint Dates by Range: 1900-1949 ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We investigate the role personality plays in Finitely Repeated Prisoners Dilemma (FRPD) games. Even after controlling for demographic factors such as race, course of study, and cognitive ability, we find that cooperative behavior is significantly related to the Big Five personality trait Agreeableness. A one standard deviation increase in agreeableness increases the predicted probability of cooperation by a subject with modal demographic characteristics from 67.9% to 80.6%.
HEALTH PROMOTION AND WORKSITE WELLNESSThe Community Health and Environmental Health Services Division is responsible for Environmental Services, Planning and Evaluation, the Public Employees Assistance Program (PEAP), the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program, and the Health Promotion and Workplace Wellness Program at the Cincinnati Health Department. Within the Health Promotion and Worksite Wellness Program, the Creating Healthy Communities Program (CHCP) has operated for 30 years. In 2014, a full-time Project Coordinator directed the program with support from contracted consultants. The Project Coordinator oversees the entire grant and coordinates initiatives in the worksite, community, and school settings. The CHCP Project Coordinator reports directly to the Citys Assistant Health Commissioner of Community Health and Environmental Health Services. The Creating Healthy Communities Program is a collaborative approach to policy, system and environmental changes that support local ...
The Verschuren Centre for Sustainability in Energy and the Environment at Cape Breton University is a service provider for commercially focused Clean Tech Solutions. Furthermore, it is a hub for collaborative research, development and demonstration. The Centre was established in 2009 to find innovative and sustainable solutions to energy and environmental issues and is uniquely positioned to address these challenges. Located on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, home to world-class natural resources and Canadas most progressive climate change laws, the Centre is positioned to not only undertake directly relevant research, but to lead its application and governance. Verschuren Centre faculty, staff and students draw inspiration from a collaborative approach to research, a diversely international campus population, the Islands remarkable ecosystems, and the Centres design: one of the most sustainable university laboratories in Canada.. ...
Various models for public-private partnership are envisaged. For elective care, the concordat suggests that primary care groups and primary care trusts could rent accommodation from the private sector but use NHS staff, on their normal contractual terms, to deliver the service. or a trust might sub-contract the provision of a service to a private provider, who would be paid by an NHS purchaser via the trust. Third, a PCG, PCT or health authority might commission the privately provided service directly.. One of the areas of greatest potential for collaboration is intermediate care. The concordat stresses that intermediate care is not long-term care. The aim should be to promote independence through rehabilitation. Intermediate care is designed to prevent hospital admission as well as to facilitate rapid discharge, where appropriate. The concordat urges partnerships which are innovative and responsive to users needs.. Finally, the concordat envisages a collaborative approach to workshop ...
BIOS faculty maintain active research in two areas: 1. Statistical methods development and research applications addressing a wide range of topics in public health and medicine using interdisciplinary and collaborative approaches; and 2. Bioinformatics research on human complex traits and diseases. Biostatistical Methods Areas of methods research include: missing data techniques, experimental design, re-sampling methods, robust estimation, survival analysis, longitudinal data analysis, next generation sequencing data analysis, statistical genetics, computational biology, data management techniques, and biomedical and clinical informatics.. Bioinformatics. Bioinformatics research uses state-of-the-art multi- and inter-disciplinary approaches of genomic technologies, and statistical and bioinformatical methods. Major projects focus on osteoporosis and other projects address obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Collaborations. Faculty actively collaborate on research projects at the Tulane ...
Leadership development is a journey. HHS has developed the Shared Leadership Model and the Leadership Development Model to support leaders through this journey. The trend in HHS is to a more collaborative approach to leadership, including team-based decisions. HHS needs to continue to evolve this approach to leadership to engage the hearts and minds of every individual in working together to achieve exemplary care, innovation and academic excellence. The Shared Responsibility Leadership Model is an approach to leadership intended as a consistent standard of practice throughout the organization. ...
Some of the most vulnerable patients in the ER- those struggle with substance use disorders, mental health conditions or other challenges that require collaborative approaches to care-are having a particularly tough time during the COVID-19 pandemic. In June 2020, 40 percent of American adults reported struggling with mental health issues or substance abuse. The pandemic has added news barriers to treatment and recovery for many of these patients who rely on friends, family and others in their support system, including therapists, social workers, or various community-based care programs. Emergency physicians encourage you to discuss how you feel with peers or professionals, schedule an appointment with a therapist, call a help line to speak with somebody who can help you, and/or find a support group.. Whether you are on the frontlines or a patient, the pandemic is clearly taking a toll on our nations mental health. An eye-opening CDC report recently found that nearly a quarter of young adults ...
The ILPQC assesses current trends and issues related to negative maternal/infant outcomes and through its collaborative identifies strategies to address them. A partnership between BMCH and ILPQC enhances FCM services by allowing for training and implementation of these strategies statewide though the FCM provider networks.. The ILPQC operates targeted collaborative learning opportunities designed to reduce maternal morbidity in Illinois.. Services provided include, but are not limited to:. ...
Other countries also are using community-based interventions to strengthen health systems to support optimal feeding and improve newborn and maternal health. In Madagascar [13], more than 4,480 community health volunteers lead health education sessions with large groups in the community, at home visits to pregnant women, and during growth monitoring sessions. In villages, womens groups discuss various healthy behaviors, including breastfeeding, and conduct health promotion sessions to encourage optimal newborn feeding among other women in the community. In Uganda [14], MSH and partners used an improvement collaborative approach [15] and peer-to-peer learning in 46 health facilities in 10 districts to accelerate the immediacy of breastfeeding to within 30 minutes of birth. In Honduras [16], MSH and partners are working to increase efficiency [16] in the countrys community-level nutrition and growth monitoring and promotion strategy, which includes exclusive breastfeeding.. As we celebrate World ...
The project, CareTrack Kids, will be carried out by the Australian Institute of Health Innovation at UNSW and has just received an award worth $420,000.. It continues a 2012 study that demonstrated there are large gaps in the provision of appropriate care to adult patients in 22 of the most common health conditions.. A collaborative approach with healthcare professionals will be used, allowing novel interventions to be tested, ensuring appropriate evidence-based care can be delivered.. UNSW received two of the six awards presented by the Bupa Health Foundation.. The other project focuses on using the internet to tackle depression, using Cognitive Bias Modification. Led by Dr Alishia Williams from UNSWs Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression, the project will create a remotely-accessible treatment for depression that will increase access to treatment and enhance outcomes in a cost-effective manner. It was awarded just over $88,000 by the Foundation.. Media contact: Susi Hamilton, UNSW ...
Leonardo da Vinci was the ultimate generalist, studying fossils, dissecting cadavers, sketching plant structures, and inventing the helicopter all without feeling stretched thin. By the late 18th century, however, the sheer accumulation of scientific knowledge began to spell the end of the generalist approach and the growth of specialization. Now, with the global challenges the 21st century faces and the complexity of information and technology available to us, a new, interdisciplinary approach to science is increasingly necessary. This approach brings together the skills, tools, and perspectives of more than one discipline to collaborate on a project.. However, it s not always easy for universities and institutions to encourage this kind of collaboration. It takes time for scientists to learn the languages and cultures of other disciplines. And existing policies that govern hiring and the allocation of resources can get in the way. Institutions interested in fostering collaborative approaches ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Scholarship and practice in industrial symbiosis. T2 - 1989-2014. AU - Chertow, Marian. AU - Park, Joo Young. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - Industrial symbiosis, a subfield of industrial ecology, engages traditionally separate industries and entities in a collaborative approach to resource sharing that benefits both the environment and the economy. This chapter examines the period 1989-2014 to take stock of industrial symbiosis. First, we look at the earliest days to discuss what inspired industrial symbiosis both in the scholarly literature and in practice. Next, we draw attention to certain dilemmas and sharpen the distinctions between industrial symbiosis and some related concepts such as eco-industrial parks and environmentally balanced industrial complexes. With regard to dissemination of industrial symbiosis ideas, we found that at the country level, China has now received the most attention in industrial symbiosis academic research and this continues to grow ...
This cluster randomised controlled trial examines a sustainable approach to enhance uptake of evidence-based care for unhealthy alcohol use in primary health care services targeting Indigenous Australians. It utilises a collaborative approach to select and implement service-wide changes to optimise care. The effectiveness of the service-wide intervention will then be assessed by routinely downloaded data on implementation of screening and treatment, including pharmacotherapies. Any changes in consumption will be described.
Providing cutting edge care to patients in an environment of trust.. As an academic division of the Department of Medicine, we support teaching faculty and provide research facilities along with our teaching partner The University of Vermont Medical Center.. Our clinical practice takes place at the University of Vermont Cancer Center outpatient clinics at The UVM Medical Center. Our disease-specific multidisciplinary clinics provide a collaborative approach to planning and ongoing care throughout cancer treatment.. We offer many additional services including* genetics counseling, a hemophiliac clinic, and a medically based oncology rehabilitation program, Steps to Wellness. Cost-free counseling, support groups, nutritional support and help for patients who are in financial crisis is provided by the Cancer Patient Support Program. Our priority is to give each patient, and their family, care and support.. * Please visit the links to the right for more services & information. Visit Hematology and ...
Developed by the PHA Scientific Leadership Council and jointly provided by the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Continuing Medical Education, PHA Preceptorship Program: A Collaborative Approach for Clinicians on the Front Line offers the latest information on PAH diagnosis and management to physicians and other health professionals.. This interactive CME session will help build links among community PAH specialists and front-line clinicians by creating new avenues for communication and supporting comprehensive, state-of-the-art care for our patients with PAH. ...
Proceedings of the cloud to make inferences about cognitive structures and thesis dedication examples samples settings of parameters (confrey, 2004, p.129). However, as discussed earlier, microgenetic studies must use the same diversity of their day-to-day lives. The data in Problems 9a6c. Participatory pedagogy in the majority of products discussions on ways of learning needed to realise academic endeavours. A. , adaptive delay-based congestion control protocol (zhang & henderson. The results of the aims of this article, hutchins argues that teachers need it. Includes astronomy projects. From Formula (8.2) is not a deterministic science but more likely or much more advanced. E-portfolios can be more appealing or available to them. In qualitative research, and practice by enabling constructivist, collaborative approaches to architecture has the ability to consciously model a phenomenon is called parts-to-whole instruction because they want to carry out. Grand rapids, mich.: Baker book house, ...
Results First leverages the best available research on programs that demonstrates their effects and pairs this with state-specific population and cost data to estimate the costs and potential benefits of programs.. The Colorado Results First team works with state departments, the Judicial Branch, and counties throughout Colorado to identify programs that are operating throughout the state and gathers data for the model. This collaborative approach ensures that the best available data is used.. Once the model has been run, the Colorado Results First team completes reports for Colorados Governor, the Colorado State Legislature, and the general public. These reports are available to help policymakers and decision-makers compare programs among policy areas to better target future resources; helping to connect Coloradans to the best services. ...
Unhealthy alcohol use (i.e. the spectrum ranging from heavy drinking that risks health consequences to dependence) is common among HIV-infected persons and is associated with worse health outcomes among people with HIV infection. However, much remains unknown about alcohol-related health effects in those affected by multiple drugs (particularly opioids), or about specific health effects such as detriment to bone. Alcohol use can disrupt bone remodeling by suppressing formation and increasing resorption; heavy alcohol use is associated with both osteopenia (low bone mineral density [BMD]) and incidence of fractures. Osteopenia is common among HIV-infected patients, and fractures are more common in these patients than among adults without HIV infection. Duration of HIV infection has been found to be associated with low BMD, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) also appears to be associated with BMD decline. While bone health is likely affected by HIV infection, ART, alcohol and other drug (e.g. ...
Unhealthy alcohol use (i.e. the spectrum ranging from heavy drinking that risks health consequences to dependence) is common among HIV-infected persons and is associated with worse health outcomes among people with HIV infection. However, much remains unknown about alcohol-related health effects in those affected by multiple drugs (particularly opioids), or about specific health effects such as detriment to bone. Alcohol use can disrupt bone remodeling by suppressing formation and increasing resorption; heavy alcohol use is associated with both osteopenia (low bone mineral density [BMD]) and incidence of fractures. Osteopenia is common among HIV-infected patients, and fractures are more common in these patients than among adults without HIV infection. Duration of HIV infection has been found to be associated with low BMD, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) also appears to be associated with BMD decline. While bone health is likely affected by HIV infection, ART, alcohol and other drug (e.g. ...
Learn more about the clinician resources offered at the Boston Childrens Heart Center, where we are committed to a collaborative approach to achieving superior outcomes and returning your patients to your care.
Sinn Féin MP Elisha McCallion has called for the introduction of the drug Orkambi as treatment for Cystic Fibrosis in the north of Ireland.. The Foyle MP said:. I have been contacted by constituents eager to see the introduction of Orkambi as a drug available on the NHS to treat Cystic Fibrosis.. While this serious illness cannot be cured, Orkambi has been proven to significantly slow the rate of decline of lung function, which is the most common cause of death for Cystic Fibrosis patients.. The fact that Orkambi has been made available to suitable Cystic Fibrosis patients in the south, like in other EU states, yet remains unavailable here in the north, is unfair.. In this regard, it is disappointing the Minister for Health in Dublin ignored efforts from Sinn Féin Health Minister Michelle ONeill to explore a collaborative approach in accessing Orkambi for all Cystic Fibrosis sufferers on the Island of Ireland.. The onus is now on the makers of Orkambi, Vertex, and the British Government ...
An international conference held in Washington, DC, May 15, 2012, that focused on strengthening collaborative approaches between the U.S. and China to prepare for and respond to disease outbreaks.
A highly collaborative approach to gathering data spearheaded by Iowa State University faculty and students has revealed new insight into plant biodiversity and netted publication in a top scientific journal.
An Active Member shall be any perfusionist active in the practice of extracorporeal circulation technology. There are also opportunities to become a Transitional Active Member for those less than a year removed from graduation from an approved accredited training program. Other options include; an Associate Membership, International Membership, Perioperative Blood Management Clinician Membership, and Student Membership.. Click Here to Learn More ...
Artwork courtesy of Philip Sierzega. Sugar Crystal Graphics designed by Philip Sierzega as part of Cotton Candy Theremin installation for NEW INCs Showcase at Red Bull Studios New York. With less than a year under their belt, NEW INC, the worlds first museum-led incubator, launched a number of exciting collaborative projects from their founding class of artists, designers and technologists at Demo Day. By creating a shared workspace and professional development program under the auspices of the New Museum, NEW INC not only nurtures young creative entrepreneurs, but encourages collaborative projects between their members.. In NEW INC director Julia Kaganskiys introduction at Demo Day, she mapped the landscape from which NEW INC has developed, noting that technology only accounts for 38% of current incubators in the United States. Arguing for a new diversity in tech, NEW INC is adding designers and artists into the mix. NEW INC holds the promise of expanding models and strategies for growing ...
Introduction: Documenting and Analyzing CSCL Interactions.- Part 1: Understanding Group Processes.- A Complexity-Grounded Model for the Emergence of Convergence in Group Discussions.- Analyzing Collaborative Interactions with Data Mining Methods for the Benefit of Research and Learning.- Contextual Perspective in Analyzing Students Collaborative Activity in CSCL Contexts.- A Collaborative Analysis and Visualization Platform for Theory Building and Pedagogical Support in Knowledge Building.- Representational Tools for Understanding Complex Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Environments.- How to Study Group Cognition.- Commentary: Issues in Analyzing and Documenting Group Processes.-Part 2: Individual Learning within Groups.- Analyzing the L in CSCL.- Analyzing Collaborative Learning Through Hierarchical Linear Modeling.- Quantifying Qualities: Multi-Dimensional Analyses of Text-Based Communication in CSCL.- Using Multilevel Analysis in CSCL Research.- Assessing Argumentation in CSCL: ...
Background: Online learning has recently garnered increased attention as technology use in the classroom grows. However, most of the published approaches regarding this topic in postgraduate education centers on clinical environments. Models of partnerships between applied public health agencies and academic centers to produce mutually beneficial online learning opportunities for graduate-level public health courses have not been explored in the literature.Methods: East Tennessee State University (ETSU) and the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) partnered to build three online, asynchronous epidemiology modules for an interdisciplinary audience of graduate students. The goal of the modules were to 1) introduce students to a public health issue, 2) provide students with hands-on learning about data and information available through TDH, and 3) allow students to connect theory to practice by having them create a product for use by TDH. TDH created topic-specific modules that would be used within the
The ERA-Net for Research Programmes on Rare Diseases (E-RARE) aims at maximising the efficiency and impact of research on rare diseases on a European scale.. The aim of the call is to enable scientists in different countries to build an effective collaboration on a common interdisciplinary research project based on complementarities and sharing of expertise, with a clear transnational research approach. The research projects have to focus on hypothesis-driven use of multi-omic integrated approaches for discovery of disease causes and/or functional validation in the context of rare diseases.. Interested researchers are requested to contact the SNSF Administrative Offices to clarify eligibility issues before submitting their pre-proposal.. For further details, please refer to the programmes official website. The submission deadline for pre-proposals is 6 February 2018.. Call Website ...
The European Joint Programme for Rare Diseases has announced that 2020 will see the launch of a new funding call in pre-clinical research to develop effective therapies for rare diseases.. The aim of the call is to enable scientists in different countries to build an effective collaboration on a common interdisciplinary research project based on complementarities and sharing of expertise, with a clear future benefit for patients.. We encourage all our partners to take a look at this new opportunity, disseminate amongst your networks, and collaborate on this funding call.. Visit the EJPRP website for more information: http://www.ejprarediseases.org/index.php/joint-transnational-calls/ ...
Fresno, California (PRWEB) February 26, 2013 -- Fresno Divorce Attorney and Certified Family Law Specialist*, Erin Childs gives 3 reasons why the collaborative
This report serves to document research conducted under a Specific Cooperative Agreement with Washington State University. The parent research is 5348-43440-005-00D. Several genetic systems are highly relevant to wheat grain quality and utilization (cf. parent project). These include polyphenol oxidase (PPO), an enzyme that plays a primary role in product discoloration, arabinoxylans, important non-starch carbohydrates of wheat grain and flour, puroindolines, the genes responsible for soft kernel texture, and starch amylose content. Successful collaborations on polyphenol oxidase and arabinoxylans have spawned the award of an AFRI competitive grant during a previous round of funding. A PhD student has been secured and her stipend and other AFRI monies are expended through this SCA. Progress: over 1,000 Regional nursery samples have been obtained and milling and baking tests were completed. ADODR monitoring: Cooperators performance is monitored frequently via face-to-face meetings, and e-mail ...
Health,...INDIANAPOLIS Dec. 16 /- WellPoint Inc. (NYSE: a target... The health plans participating with WellPoint in this initiative a... An essential step in transforming consumers role in their own he... Ranges of health care cost information will initially be rolled ou...,WellPoint,Announces,Collaborative,Partnership,to,Expand,Access,to,Health,Care,Provider,Information,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
My research focuses around how students adjust to college and how that impacts their academic motivation and success. I look at factors such as self-efficacy, academic buoyancy (resilience), sense of belonging, and institutional attachment to see how they relate to motivation. I also look at these factors among students of Color who attend predominantly White institutions (PWIs) and the influence it has on their mental health, belonging, retention, persistence, and graduation rates. Projects I plan to work on as an InChip affiliate are ones that examine student adjustment to college as it pertains to mental health and their involvement in their college. I am a new faculty, so in my doctoral program, my dissertation study examined college adjustment, efficacy, buoyancy, and motivation in over 1,300 college students who participated in my study. This allowed me to gather extensive data on this population for analysis for several years to come. ...
The Village office is closely tracking the cost versus pay back of the system. The system is relatively new (at the time of publishing this case study), therefore calculations on return on investment are just starting to emerge.. Projections estimate a mildly positive return on investment in coming years with a current expectation to be revenue neutral, with heat savings going to property and building owners.. The feasibility study prior to the project cost $25,000. The total actual project cost was $704,320.00, the installation of the district heating system portion of the project cost was estimated at $396,980. A complete exterior retrofit was estimated at $247,250. The remaining $60,090 was spent on building retrofit improvements and boiler fuel storage.. Financial support for the feasibility study ($25,000) came from the Omenica Beetle Action Committee and expertise from the Wood Waste to Rural Heat Initiative. The Federal Gas Tax Innovation Fund provided $644,230.00. The remaining expenses ...
Use of Crowdsourcing and Co-creation in the Development of Next Generation PLM Solutions Will Drive the Future of the PLM Industry
Cohort 1 will involve visits to the research center every 12 months. Cohort 2 will involve visits to the research center every 6 months. Cohort 3 will involve visits to the study center every 3 months. Cohort 4 will be comprised of subjects outside the Dallas-Fort Worth area who will be visited in their locale up to 3 times per year by uTSW research staff. in addition, all patients will be asked to perform more frequent blood draws with a goal of 20 patients agreeing to monthly blood draws, which is an adequate samples size to determine the rate of change of clinically important biomarkers ...
- DAC in-licences compound intellectual property identified using Evotec s proprietary fragment screening platform -, , , , , , 18 July 2006, Hamburg, Germany | Oxford, UK | Milan, Italy - Evotec AG (Fran...
WINNIPEG, Manitoba — Merit Functional Foods and its technology partner Burcon NutraScience are pleased to announce they have entered into a joint development agreement (JDA) with Nestlé.
Although all data on MaizeGDB are public, Maize Cooperators are added to both the MaizeGDB Person Page and the Cooperator mailing list. In this way, they receive information about the MGC and their opinion is sought in surveys from the MGEC about prioritizing research and resolving problems of common interest. Also, the listing of a Maize Cooperator on the MaizeGDB Person Page allows peers and potential collaborators to learn more about common research interests and current location. Networks of interested people can form more readily for data sharing and possible future-funded collaborations. In addition, Maize Cooperators are eligible to vote for members of the MGEC and to nominate colleagues for community awards (for which they themselves are also eligible), and to nominate members to the MGCSC (or to volunteer to serve themselves). Members also gain an opportunity to serve on diverse committees, which will aid both the overall group and recognition of the cooperator themself. ...
Cooperative and competitive behavior of hypercycles". Journal of Differential Equations. 32 (3): 357-368. Bibcode:1979JDE....32 ... In separation, the selfish subsystem grew faster than the cooperative one. After mixing selfish ribozymes with cooperative ones ... In 2012, the first experimental proof for the emergence of a cooperative network among fragments of self-assembling ribozymes ... Studies of the mathematical model describing replicating molecules revealed that to observe a cooperative behaviour among self- ...
Moulin, Hervé (1992). "Welfare bounds in the cooperative production problem". Games and Economic Behavior. 4 (3): 373-401. doi: ...
Clarke, Michael F. (1984). "Co-operative Breeding by the Australian Bell Miner Manorina melanophrys Latham: A Test of Kin ... doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(98)00083-4. Clarke, MF (1988). "The Reproductive Behavior of the Bell Miner". Emu. 88 (2): 88-100. doi: ... Swainson, G.W. (1970). "Co-operative rearing in the Bell Miner". Emu. 70 (4): 183-188. doi:10.1071/MU970183. Clarke, MF; ... "Brood sex ratio does not affect helper effort in a cooperative bird, despite extreme sex-biased dispersal". Animal Behaviour. ...
M.J. van den Assem, D. van Dolder and R.H. Thaler (2010). "Split or Steal? Cooperative Behavior When the Stakes are Large" ... van den Assem, van Dolder, and Thaler (2012). "Split or Steal? Cooperative Behavior when the Stakes are Large". SSRN 1592456. ... promotes cooperative behavior in situations where direct reciprocity is unlikely. This implies that in situations where ... The cooperative pulling paradigm is an experimental design used to assess if and under which conditions animals cooperate. It ...
Mills, B.J. and Cottell, P.G. (1998), Cooperative learning for higher education faculty, Phoenix, Ariz.: Oryx Press Simkins, S. ... Lengnick, M. (2013). "Agent-based macroeconomics: A baseline model". Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 86: 102-120. ... ISBN 978-0-07-337568-7. Schmidt, Stephen J. (2003). "Active and cooperative learning using Web-based simulations". Journal of ...
... and social behavior. Cooperative Breeding in Vertebrates, 318-337. Rood, J.P. (1983). Banded mongoose rescues pack member from ... Mitani J.C., Sanders W.J., Lwanga J.S., Windfelder T.L. (2001). "Predatory behavior of crowned hawk-eagles (Stephanoaetus ... van Niekerk, J.H. (2015). Vocal behavior of Crested Guineafowl (Guttera edouardi) based on visual and sound playback surveys in ... Estes, R. (1991). The behavior guide to African mammals (Vol. 64). Berkeley: University of California Press. http://bigcats3. ...
... there is no observed cooperative or agonistic behavior. Main and lateral burrows are kept open by packing soil into the side of ... The cell lining behavior consisted of brushing motions over the cell using the female's metasoma. Females do not open cells ... M. portalis has both territorial male behavior in a female emergence site (inside the nests) as well as a resource-based ... Further, large headed males are very conscious of female reproductive behavior: during cell provisioning, large headed males ...
2000), The emergence and stability of cooperative fishing on Ifaluk Atoll, for Human Behavior and Adaptation: an ... Foraging behavior can also be influenced by genetics. The genes associated with foraging behavior have been widely studied in ... In other words, it is foraging when success depends not only on your own foraging behaviors but the behaviors of others as well ... it should be possible to predict foraging behavior by using decision theory to determine the behavior that an "optimal forager ...
... show less contentious behavior, use less aggressive tactics and more cooperative strategies. This in turn increases the ... Intuitively, this may feel like a cooperative approach. However, though a team may aim to negotiate in a cooperative or ... One factor in the effectiveness of team negotiation is a problem that occurs through solidarity behavior. Solidarity behavior ... and counterpart behavior on negotiator behavior: a comparison of individual-level and dyad-level dynamics". Journal of ...
This behavior is known as shadow feeding or cooperative hunting. By day, many goatfishes will form large schools of inactive ( ... They change habitat preference as they develop, coinciding with changes in feeding habits, social behavior and the formation of ...
Schuster, Jack C.; Schuster, Laura B. (1985). "Social behavior in Passalid beetles (Coleoptera: Passalidae): Cooperative brood ... Cooperative brood care is also found in the bess beetles (Passalidae) where the larvae feed on the semi-digested faeces of the ... Moisture harvesting behavior by the Namib desert beetle (Stenocara gracilipes) has inspired a self-filling water bottle which ... Webber, Joan F. (2000). "Insect Vector Behavior and the Evolution of Dutch Elm Disease". The Elms. p. 47. doi:10.1007/978-1- ...
Haroush K, Williams ZM (March 2015). "Neuronal prediction of opponent's behavior during cooperative social interchange in ... Due to this, the observer will produce the action explicitly (in his/her behavior) with agility and finesse. This happens due ... This suggests that other areas, along with the mirror system are crucial to imitation behaviors. It has also been proposed that ... Thus, the neuron "mirrors" the behavior of the other, as though the observer were itself acting. Such neurons have been ...
Cooperative breeding behavior has been observed in captivity in this species. The female lays two eggs in a flimsy tree ...
Cooperative breeding and pseudopregnancy have been observed in Ethiopian wolves. Most females disperse from their natal pack at ... Behavior. 122: 39-45. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.08.016. PMID 23994497. S2CID 46671897. Randall, DA; Pollinger, JP; Wayne, RK; ... 2013). "The physiology of cooperative breeding in a rare social canid; sex, suppression and pseudopregnancy in female Ethiopian ... Tallents, LA; Johnson, PJ; Macdonald, DW (2007). "Inbreeding is reduced by female-biased dispersal and mating behavior in ...
Elfström, S T (1997). "Fighting behavior and strategy of rock pipit, Anthus petrosus, neighbors: cooperative defense". Animal ...
Egidi, Massimo; Narduzzo, Alessandro (October 1997). "The emergence of path-dependent behaviors in cooperative contexts". ...
The latter theme was expressed in gameplay through the cooperative behavior of adjacent characters. While voice acting was ...
Online communication behaviors have the possibility to exaggerate the influence on self-expression or self-presentations and ... Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work - CSCW '10: 13. doi:10.1145/1718918.1718923. ... Jiang, Bazarova and Hancock discovered that "related to the sender's behavior in CMC, people appear to be more comfortable ... One study looking at perceived behaviors of assigned versus emergent leaders in CMC groups found that the "reification of ...
Another possibility might be a cooperative interaction between the toxins in the venom. In general, scorpion toxins bind to ion ... the underlying mechanism of the toxic behavior has not been fully understood. High toxicity of the toxins in animals could be ...
As Darwin (1874){{Citation needed}} among others argue, the promotion of cooperative in-group behaviours is not unique to ... As Iannaconne (1998) argues "religious behavior is anything but an individual matter". The belonging approach to religion ... Field experiments also evidence religious people are more trusting and cooperative with fellow religious adherents. Many ... Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 60 (2): 147-163. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.740.7036. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2004.07.007. ISSN ...
... used to explain the development and maintenance of cooperative behavior between individuals in a group.[citation needed] ... Therefore, full members' behavior is paramount to define the ingroup's image. Bogart and Ryan surveyed the development of new ... Updated version based on 1958 work). Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior Books. Page 194 to 196, Irvin D. Yalom, The Theory and ... Group dynamics is a system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group (intragroup dynamics), or ...
Likewise, playing cooperative team-player (relative to a single-player) video games increases cooperative behavior". With the ... "Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior" (PDF). University of California. Archived from the original (PDF) ... Psychological control involves parents trying to influence children's behavior. Several techniques exist for creating parental ... For example, according to Tobias Greitemeyer, "playing prosocial video games increases helping behavior and decreases ...
Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing. CSCW '15. New York, NY, USA: ... and the voting behavior of one's friends led individuals to seek out political information, influenced political self- ... Law and Human Behavior. 32 (4): 363-74. doi:10.1007/s10979-007-9113-9. PMID 17940854. Virginia vs. McNamara "Internet sound ... Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 46 (2): 227-247. doi:10.1016/s0167-2681(01)00195-0. Kahneman, D. (2003). "Maps of ...
Within different cultures, students can also explore how sex and gender influence expectations for polite behavior. Be ... "AVID employs many principles of cooperative learning in its 'writing, inquiry, and collaboration' approach to curriculum and ... Cooperative learning methods can be effective in promoting culturally relevant learning. Rather than fostering competitiveness ... and socio-economic groups in the past and present define appropriate behavior - manners, etiquette, or what is viewed as polite ...
Their behavior is likely due to pheromone mediated sibling tolerance, and isn't considered true cooperative behavior. As they ... Though they are typically solitary, P. candidus is also known for its communal behavior, building "nests" made of branches and ...
Dependence on trust: cooperative behavior and mutual trust is needed to work efficiently within the network. Members act ... 2. They need an ethical code: they agree on an ethical code that guides the conduct and behavior of the members. 3. They are ...
... is an element of cooperative and collaborative learning where members of a group who share common ... and Prosocial Behaviors". Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 41 (4): 976-1003. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00744.x. Johnson ... Johnson, D.W.; Johnson, R. T.; Smith, K. (2007). "The State of Cooperative Learning in Postsecondary and Professional Settings ... Hwong, N.; Caswell, A.; Johnson, D.W.; Johnson, R. (199). "Effects of cooperative and individualistic learning on prospective ...
Cooperative behavior[edit]. Some evidence indicates the existence of cooperative behavior among three-spined sticklebacks, ... Stickleback behavior is often cited as an archetypal example of cooperative behavior during predator inspection. Fish from ... Both examples of stickleback behavior demonstrate the elements of a strategy of cooperation that may resemble tit-for-tat.[26] ... It displays elaborate breeding behavior (defending a territory, building a nest, taking care of the eggs and fry) and it can be ...
As the case proceeded, Damas' courtroom behavior became generally less disruptive but not necessarily any more cooperative. At ... and would engage in cooperative behavior when necessary to get something he wanted," as well as describing Damas as "grandiose ... Damas' courtroom behavior often became a spectacle and attracted much media attention. One August 2010 court appearance ... Despite this, competency issues persisted as the case proceeded and as Damas' behavior became more bizarre. Damas was then re- ...
Skinner, E. A., & Belmont, M. J. (1993). Motivation in the classroom: Reciprocal effects of teacher behavior and student ... Slavin, R. E.(1990). Cooperative learning: Theory, research, & practice. Englewood, NJ: Prentice Hall. Williams, J. P., ...
For example, tit-for-tat is suggested to be the mechanism of cooperative predator inspection behavior in guppies. ... If the opponent previously was cooperative, the agent is cooperative. If not, the agent is not. This is similar to reciprocal ... If the opponent previously was cooperative, the agent is cooperative. If not, the agent is not. ... This behavior allows searching for more cooperating peers and gives a second chance to previously non-cooperating peers. The ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... cooperative relationships between groups such as reciprocal exchange of commodities and collaboration on hunting expeditions, ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ... Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. Bednarik, began to engage in symbolic behavior such as art ...
JEL: K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior JEL: K40 - Geral. JEL: K41 - Litigation Process. JEL: K42 - ... JEL: J54 - Producer cooperatives; Labor managed firms. JEL: J58 - Políticas Públicas. JEL: J59 - Outros. JEL: J6 - Mobility, ... JEL: H3 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents JEL: H30 - Geral. JEL: H31 - Eletrodomésticos. JEL: H32 - Empresa. ... JEL: L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior JEL: L20 - Geral. JEL: L21 - Business Objectives of the Firm. JEL: L22 - ...
Behavior *Killer ape. *Cooperative eye. *Life history *Grandmother. *Patriarch. Topics. *Bipedalism. *Skeleton ...
Such behavior can also suggest deep learning algorithms, in particular when mapping of such swarms to neural circuits is ... Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization, Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol 129, Springer, Berlin, ... Czirók, A.; Vicsek, T. (2006). "Collective behavior of interacting self-propelled particles". Physica A. 281: 17-29. arXiv:cond ... Swarm intelligence (SI) is the collective behavior of decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial. The concept ...
In his essay "Paris under the Occupation", Sartre wrote that the "correct" behavior of the Germans had entrapped too many ... behavior of the Germans as an excuse for passivity, and the very act of simply trying to live one's day-to-day existence ... This forms the basis for his assertion that because one cannot explain one's own actions and behavior by referring to any ...
Marchi, D.; Harper, C. M.; Chirchir, H.; Ruff, C. B. (2019). "Relative fibular strength and locomotor behavior in KNM-WT 15000 ... "Mating Behavior in Australopithecus and Early Homo: A Review of the Diagnostic Potential of Dental Dimorphism". University of ...
The field dates from the 1944 classic Theory of Games and Economic Behavior by John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern. It has ... and cooperative preferences.[164] These techniques have led some to argue that economics is a "genuine science".[165] ... Becker, Gary S. (1976). The Economic Approach to Human Behavior. University of Chicago Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-226-04112-4. .. ... "Economics is the science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative ...
Cooperative breeding, where birds other than the breeding pair help raise the young and is common in some bird families, is ... as Indicated by the Development of Abnormal Behaviors". PLoS ONE. 10 (6): e0126170. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0126170. PMC ... Péron, F.; Rat-Fischer, L.; Lalot, M.; Nagle, L.; Bovet, D. (2011). "Cooperative problem solving in African grey parrots ( ... "Evolution of nest-building behavior in Agapornis parrots" (PDF). Auk. 115 (2): 455-464. doi:10.2307/4089204. JSTOR 4089204 ...
The co-operative states must have adopted the same legislation in order to enter into reciprocal agreements for the attendance ... had been attached to writs used by the government to induce behavior as early as 1232. By 1350, the writ certis de causis (the ...
Cooperative organization of bacterial colonies: from genotype to morphotype. Annu Rev Microbiol. 1998;52:779-806. ... The term was used in 1999 to describe the behavior of an intelligent business ecosystem[2] where Collaborative Intelligence, or ... Ben-Jacob E, Cohen I. Cooperative formation of bacterial patterns. In: Shapiro JA, Dworkin M, eds. Bacteria as Multicellular ... Natural ecosystems, where each organism's unique signature is derived from its genetics, circumstances, behavior and position ...
... s will store extra seeds in seed caches.[8] This caching behavior affects the range-land and croplands where the ... New Mexico, (Cooperative Extension Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska- Lincoln, ... Schroder, G. D. (August 1979). "Foraging Behavior and Home Range Utilization of the Bannertail Kangaroo Rat". Ecology. ... Newmark, J. E.; Jenkins, S. H. (April 2000). "Sex Differences in Agonistic Behavior of Merriam's Kangaroo Rats (Dipodomys ...
Such cooperative behaviors have sometimes been seen as arguments for left-wing politics such by the Russian zoologist and ... Another study found more cooperative behavior the greater the number of perceived kin in a group. Using kinship terms in ... may reduce cooperative behaviors in the group.[6]. * *Indirect reciprocity.[10] The avoidance of poor reciprocators and ... Every single instance of altruistic behavior need not always increase inclusive fitness; altruistic behaviors would have been ...
Cooperative Extension, Kansas State University. 2004. *^ Huang, Yu; Tsang, Suk-Ying; Yao, Xiaoqiang; Chen, Zhen-Yu (2005). " ... Stefanie Schwartz (9 January 2008). Psychoactive Herbs in Veterinary Behavior Medicine. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 139-. ISBN 978-0 ... "Oroxylin A improves attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-like behaviors in the spontaneously hypertensive rat and inhibits ...
Institute for Sex Research (Kinsey, et al.) (1953). Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Saunders. ... a b Rust, Paula C. (November 1992). "The Politics of Sexual Identity: Sexual Attraction and Behavior Among Lesbian and Bisexual ... Female homosexual behavior may be present in every culture, although the concept of a lesbian as a woman who pairs exclusively ... In categorizing behavior that indicated what was referred to as "inversion" by German sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, researchers ...
Tamarins in captivity have shown the ability to distinguish other individuals based on cooperative tendencies and past behavior ... thus adding to its range of cooperative behaviors. It is issued in the presence of kin when a threatening llamas predator is ... and in turn naturally embrace patterns of prosocial behavior.[20] These monkeys engage in such behavior by acting ... This suppresses sexual behavior and delays puberty.[22][23] Unrelated males that join the group can release the females from ...
The practice of shunning may also serve to deter other members from dissident behavior.[249] Members who disassociate (formally ... Jehovah's Witnesses have established Hospital Liaison Committees as a cooperative arrangement between individual Jehovah's ...
United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative. Gonzales v. Raich. McFadden v. United States. ... It implies an overwhelming indictment of the behavior which we believe is not appropriate. The actual and potential harm of use ... of the drug is not great enough to justify intrusion by the criminal law into private behavior, a step which our society takes ...
Negative reinforcement is the removal of an aversive stimulus after a behavior that increases the frequency of that behavior. ... A cooperative goal structure is one in which an individual must work alongside a group to reach a common goal, whereas a ... Positive reinforcement is any stimulus that is presented after a behavior and increases the frequency of that behavior. ... a reward is given as a consequence of a desired behavior and often motivates an individual to perform that behavior again in ...
Culture', in this context is defined as 'socially learned behavior', and 'social learning' is defined as copying behaviors ... argues that improving cooperative abilities and a varying of diet to more meat and seeds improved foraging and hunting ... Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 483-508. Efferson, C., R. Lalive, P. J. Richerson, R. McElreath, and M. Lubell (2008). " ... The patterns of this selective process depend on transmission biases and can result in behavior that is more adaptive to a ...
Evolution & Human Behavior 24: 99-112. Full text. *Knight, C. 2008. Early human kinship was matrilineal. In N. J. Allen, H. ... Burkart, J. M.; Hrdy, S. B.; van Schaik, C. P. (2009). "Cooperative breeding and human cognitive evolution". Evolutionary ... "co-operative conflict" between women and these laws.[70] (Clearly "female-heads have no legal recourse" from these laws which ... Biological anthropologists are now widely agreed that cooperative childcare was a development crucial in making possible the ...
Ecology and behavior[edit]. Diet[edit]. Prairie dogs are chiefly herbivorous, though they eat some insects. They feed primarily ... By five months, they are fully grown.[10] The subject of cooperative breeding in prairie dogs has been debated among biologists ... Behaviors that signal that a female is in estrus include underground consorting, self-licking of genitals, dust-bathing, and ... Alarm response behavior varies according to the type of predator announced. If the alarm indicates a hawk diving toward the ...
Cooperative rational interactions are required to both develop and exercise our ability to live in a world with others. ... Level 3: Postconventional Morality/Self-Accepted Moral Principles: Standards of moral behavior are internalized. Morals are ... and not so much in the behavior or its consequences. Through interviews with adolescent and teenage boys, who were to try and ...
Cooperative education - Cooperative learning - Core curriculum - Corporal punishment - Council for the Indian School ... Applied Behavior Analysis - Apprenticeship - Art education - Articulation (education) - Assertive discipline - Assistive ... Computer Supported Cooperative Learning - Computer-adaptive test - Computer-based training - Concept map - Conceptual blending ... Experimental analysis of behavior - Expulsion (academia) - Extinction (psychology) - Extracurricular Activity ...
Advances in information technology over the years, have changed business processes within and between business enterprises. In the 1960s, operating systems had limited functionality, and any workflow management systems that were in use were tailor-made for the specific organization. The 1970s-1980s saw the development of data-driven approaches, as data storage and retrieval technologies improved. Data modeling rather than process modeling was the starting point for building an information system. Business processes had to adapt to information technology because process modeling was neglected. The shift towards process-oriented management occurred in the 1990s. Enterprise resource planning software with workflow management components such as SAP, Baan, PeopleSoft, Oracle and JD Edwards emerged, as did business process management systems (BPMS) later.[22] The world of e-business created a need to automate business processes across organizations, which in turn raised the need for standardized ...
Feldman, Ofer; Valenty, Linda O. (2001). Profiling Political Leaders: Cross-cultural Studies of Personality and Behavior. ... Khrushchev's proposal to expand cooperative ownership ran contrary to the Marxist theory as interpreted by Stalin. Suslov, who ... In Marxist-Leninist doctrine, cooperative ownership of property was considered a "lower" form of public ownership than state ...
König, B. (1997). "Cooperative care of young in mammals". Die Naturwissenschaften. 84 (3): 95-104. Bibcode:1997NW.....84...95K ... demonstrating parental care behavior". Proteomics. 6 (7): 2251-2258. doi:10.1002/pmic.200500591. PMID 16385477. Khong, H. K.; ... "Regulation of Pigeon Cropmilk Secretion and Parental Behaviors by Prolactin". Annual Review of Nutrition. 15: 213-238. doi: ...
Cooperative scheduler. Windows 95, 98, Me. Half. Preemptive scheduler for 32-bit processes, and cooperative for 16-bit ... This is the AIX Version 3 behavior.. Threads are primarily of interest for applications that currently consist of several ... Mac OS 9 uses cooperative scheduling for threads, where one process controls multiple cooperative threads, and also provides ... This is usually called cooperative multitasking. Windows 95 introduced a rudimentary preemptive scheduler; however, for legacy ...
Qualitative observations indicate that left-behind children often behavior extremely, either withdrawn or excessively ... emotional and behavior issues than those who grow up with their parents.[72] ... Rural credit cooperative. National economic initiatives. *Belt and Road Initiative. *Go Out policy ...
"Mirror-Induced Behavior in the Magpie (Pica pica): Evidence of Self-Recognition" (PDF). PLoS Biology. Public Library of Science ... "Direct fitness benefits of group living in a complex cooperative society of carrion crows, Corvus corone corone". Animal ...
Cooperative behaviors in organizations. / Sanders, Karin.. Friends and enemies in organizations: A work psychology perspective ... Cooperative behaviors in organizations. Friends and enemies in organizations: A work psychology perspective. editor / R. ... Sanders K. Cooperative behaviors in organizations. In Morrison R, Wright S, editors, Friends and enemies in organizations: A ... Sanders, K 2009, Cooperative behaviors in organizations. in R Morrison & S Wright (eds), Friends and enemies in organizations: ...
59, 63-80], a cooperative norm does not emerge in the treatments where players are matched randomly. On the other hand, in the ... fixed pairings treatment, the evidence suggests that a cooperative norm does emerge as players gain more experience. ... "Cooperative Behavior and the Frequency of Social Interaction," Levines Working Paper Archive 122247000000000060, David K. ... "End behavior in sequences of finite Prisoners Dilemma supergames A learning theory approach," Journal of Economic Behavior & ...
These data suggest that serotonin plays a significant role in the acquisition of socially cooperative behavior in human adult ... Although little is know about the neural substrates that support cooperative over noncooperative behaviors, recent research has ... accompanied by a significantly diminished probability of cooperative responding given previous mutually cooperative behavior. ... and suggest novel hypotheses concerning the serotonergic modulation of reward information in socially cooperative behavior in ...
Cooperative diversity in wireless networks: Efficient protocols and outage behavior ... Cooperative diversity in wireless networks: Efficient protocols and outage behavior (2004) by J Laneman, D Tse, G Wornell ... In our work, we differentiate between the relay, cooperative broadcast (down-link), and cooperative multiple-access (CMA) (up- ... In our work, we differentiate between the relay, cooperative broadcast (down-link), and cooperative multiple-access (CMA) (up- ...
... Query depth. "Query depth" is a predefined property that ... Robust Multi-Layer Control Systems for Cooperative Cellular Behaviors + Has query. "Has query" is a predefined property that ... Category:Group member]] [[Previous projects::Robust Multi-Layer Control Systems for Cooperative Cellular Behaviors]] ...
... army ants attacking and eating a giant worm and a snake have led scientists to offer a new theory on the origin of cooperative ... Ability to capture large prey may be origin of army ants cooperative behavior. University of Washington ... Ability to capture large prey may be origin of army ants cooperative behavior ... propose that mass cooperative food foraging, a key element in the behavior of army ants, may have begun as a way to subdue ...
Why an Interventions Success Relies on Cooperative Family Behavior. Having a family member or a friend who struggles with a ... Why an Interventions Success Relies on Cooperative Family Behavior. Posted by FF Intervention , Jun 12, 2018 ... With these codependent behaviors, there is a need to ensure that the individual is placed in a program that can individually ... This term refers to a person whose words or actions are helping someone to maintain or continue with their bad behavior (in ...
In this scenario, if caching behaviours can be flexibly deployed, then the birds should recognize the cooperative nature of the ... In this scenario, if caching behaviours can be flexibly deployed, then the birds should recognize the cooperative nature of the ... would flexibly adapt their caching behaviours to a cooperative context. To do so, birds were given a caching task during which ... suggesting the birds could adapt to the cooperative nature of the task. Additionally, we show that caching decisions were not ...
Cooperative behavior spreads three degrees of separation: if Eleni increases her contribution to the public good, it benefits ... Uncooperative behavior can spread and persist as well.) Here is one of their figures. ... Fowler and Christakis, in an open access article in PNAS, demonstrate that one cooperative act has a multiplying effect. In an ... This blog reports new ideas and work on mind, brain, and behavior - as well as random curious stuff ...
Recent work has suggested that glucocorticoids may play an important role in the expression of cooperative behavior. Here, we ... These results provide no evidence that glucocorticoids affect cooperative behaviors but suggest that there may be an effect on ... present the first experimental test of the effects of glucocorticoids on helper behavior in a cooperative breeder. ... Although the ultimate causes for variation in contributions to helping in cooperative breeders are increasingly well understood ...
The Cooperative Training Program was implemented with 20 students having severe behavior problems, to augment a classroom ... Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Community Based Instruction (Disabilities), Cooperative Education, Cooperative Programs, ... The Cooperative Training Program was implemented with 20 students having severe behavior problems, to augment a classroom ... A Cooperative Training Program for Students with Severe Behavior Problems: Description and Comparative Evaluation. ...
Madison-Oneida Board of Cooperative Educational Services » Programs & Services » Pre-K-12 Instructional » Pre-Kindergarten » ... The following districts currently receive Behavior Support Specialist services: Canastota CSD, Oneida CSD, Stockbridge Valley ...
One challenge for managers in this regard has been to elicit cooperative behaviors from professionals in organizations (cf. ... We use an established model of organizational identification to try to understand the voluntary cooperative behavior of ... According to Dutton, Dukerich, and Harquail (1994: 254-255), this cohesion "makes cooperative behavior toward other ... Like all complex organizations, organizational success is partially determined by organizational members cooperative behaviors ...
In these species, competitive behavior is notably reduced relative to cooperative behavior. In contrast, female philopatry and ... competitive behavior is minimized while cooperative behavior is broadly distributed among females in most polygynous species. ... cooperative social behavior is highly developed in monogamous species. However, nepotistic behavior does not necessarily ... The degree of cooperative behavior exhibited by these individuals may surpass any found in other primate species. Older ...
... ... While such behavior suggests the net negative cooperative responses of kinesins will persist across a relatively wide range of ... Uppulury, Karthik, Efremov, Artem K., Driver, Jonathan W., et al.. "Analysis of Cooperative Behavior in Multiple Kinesins Motor ... However, the microscopic origins of this complex behavior are still not well understood. Using a discrete-state stochastic ...
Click here for their final report: Mobile Money, Social Capital and Financial Behavior of Womens Cooperatives in Rural Nigeria ... Mobile Money, Social Capital and Financial Behavior of Womens Cooperatives in Rural Nigeria ... services in order to understand the changes in the financial behavior of these members and in their cooperatives. There are ... In the cooperative context, mobile money adoption could alter the trust and group bonding process upon which group lending ...
In addition to risk-taking behavior, we propose that psychological safety also promotes prosocial behavior through cooperative ... A survey in China supported the indirect effect of psychological safety on helping behavior through cooperative goal ... Beyond risk-taking: effects of psychological safety on cooperative goal interdependence and prosocial behavior ... psychological safety, cooperative goal interdependence, harmony enhancement; disintegration avoidance; helping behavior; ...
Present project assess the effectiveness of cooperative learning over the mathematic anxiety and review the behavior of help ... Present project assess the effectiveness of cooperative learning over the mathematic anxiety and review the behavior of help ...
... Ji, Guojun; Yu, Muhong; Tan, Kim Hua ... Ji, G., Yu, M., & Tan, K. H. (2020). Cooperative Innovation Behavior Based on Big Data. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, ... We show that firms favour cooperative among peers with same capabilities, i.e. when each firms data level is comparable to ... With the rapid change of technology, cooperative innovation based on data sharing has become an imminent tactic for enterprises ...
Cooperative behavior[edit]. Some evidence indicates the existence of cooperative behavior among three-spined sticklebacks, ... Stickleback behavior is often cited as an archetypal example of cooperative behavior during predator inspection. Fish from ... Both examples of stickleback behavior demonstrate the elements of a strategy of cooperation that may resemble tit-for-tat.[26] ... It displays elaborate breeding behavior (defending a territory, building a nest, taking care of the eggs and fry) and it can be ...
Greater Louisville Education Cooperative. JCPS VanHoose Center, 4TH Floor. 3332 Newburg Road. Louisville, KY 40218. James.Feger ... The Greater Louisville Education Cooperative is committed to ensuring that our web content is accessible to everyone, including ...
To make a cooperative successful requires a great deal of vision, strong commitment, cr ... A successful cooperative has committed members and effective leadership. ... Organizational Behavior & Key Stakeholders eJournal. Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic ... A successful cooperative has committed members and effective leadership. To make a cooperative successful requires a great deal ...
Autonomous Behavior Technologies: Unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) are expected to play a key role in the Armys Objective Force ... Cooperative Robot Behaviors. This section defines the scope of the cooperative behaviors technology area. It describes the ... the design of cooperative behaviors is still not understood. The budget requirements necessary bring cooperative behaviors for ... Definition of Cooperative Behaviors. In the field of psychology the word "behavior" is defined as "the aggregate of observable ...
Cooperative Breeding in Vertebrates Studies of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior. Koenig, Walter D. Dickinson, Janis L. ... Social Behavior of an Endangered Species. Arcadi, Adam Clark Published: June 2018 ...
Cooperative Breeding in Vertebrates Studies of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior. Koenig, Walter D. Dickinson, Janis L. ... Social Behavior of an Endangered Species. Arcadi, Adam Clark Published: June 2018 ...
Synthetic ecosystem of Escherichia coli for discovery of novel cooperative and self-adaptive algorithms ... Behavior Management and Self-adaptation in Mixed Systems -- Adaptation Models, Strategies, and Management by Harald Psaier , ... Interaction and Intelligent Behavior by Maja J Mataric , 1994 "... This thesis addresses situated, embodied agents interacting ... It focuses on two problems: 1) synthesis and analysis of intelligent group behavior, and 2) learning in complex group ...
Curculio behavior. Adults prefer to walk from plant to plant, and they spread rapidly through the field. Curculios may first be ... The Alabama Cooperative Extension System operates as the primary outreach organization that ensures all people have access to ... Due to their feigning behavior, crop scouts must look at the bottom of the plant for true insect counts. Adults can fly in ... The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and ...
This is a sample behavior Intervention written by behavior specialists at Special Travelers, Inc. ... https://specialedcoop.org/wp-content/themes/osmosis/images/empty/thumbnail.jpg 150 150 DC Special Education Cooperative DC ... Special Education Cooperative https://specialedcoop.org/wp-content/themes/osmosis/images/empty/thumbnail.jpg February 9, 2018. ...
  • Sanders, K 2009, Cooperative behaviors in organizations . (utwente.nl)
  • Verbal Behavior is a 1957 book by psychologist B. F. Skinner , in which he inspects human behavior , describing what is traditionally called linguistics . (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolutionary psychologists investigate the origin of human behavior and cognition, and cooperation is of great interest to them, as human societies are built on collaborative activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Evolution and Human Behavior: A Critical Reader , ed. (washington.edu)
  • In Human Behavior and Adaptation: An Anthropological Perspective , edited by Lee Cronk, William Irons, and Napoleon Chagnon, pp 27.46. (washington.edu)
  • Evolution and Human Behavior 21:245-61 (2000). (washington.edu)
  • Evolution and Human Behavior 23:297-321 (2002). (washington.edu)
  • The use of mild laws to affect people's behavior is pervasive - from environmental regulation to tort law - but little is known about how the law changes human behavior and social outcomes when it uses non-deterrent monetary incentives. (repec.org)
  • In two pharmacological experiments, we show that intranasal administration of arginine vasopressin (AVP), a hormone that regulates mammalian social behaviors such as monogamy and aggression, increases humans' tendency to engage in mutually beneficial cooperation. (dericbownds.net)
  • Here we show that arginine vasopressin (AVP), a neuropeptide that mediates complex mammalian social behaviors such as pair bonding, social recognition and aggression causally increases humans' willingness to engage in risky, mutually beneficial cooperation. (dericbownds.net)
  • These findings show a previously unidentified causal role for AVP in social approach behavior in humans, as established by animal research. (dericbownds.net)
  • Despite the seeming irrationality of such behavior, humans in laboratory settings routinely pay to punish others even in anonymous, one-shot settings. (elsevier.com)
  • Cooperation has been studied extensively across the tree of life, from eusociality in insects to social behavior in humans, but it is only recently that a social dimension has been recognized and extensively explored for microbes. (biologists.org)
  • The item Scandalous behavior, Stuart Woods represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Chemeketa Cooperative Regional Library Service (CCRLS) . (ccrls.org)
  • The concept Self-destructive behavior in men represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Chemeketa Cooperative Regional Library Service (CCRLS) . (ccrls.org)
  • In a group setting, chimpanzees punish initial competitive behavior (taking food without pulling, displacing animals) such that eventually successful cooperation becomes the norm. (wikipedia.org)
  • At Fundació Mona Primate Rescue we have obtained evidence of five episodes of hunting in rehabilitated chimpanzees who had no previous experience of these types of behaviors. (mdpi.com)
  • Predatory behavior in wild chimpanzees and other primates has been well documented over the last 30 years. (mdpi.com)
  • Until now, predatory behavior among captive chimpanzees has been poorly documented. (mdpi.com)
  • Predatory behavior in wild chimpanzees has been well documented over the last 30 years [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Studies have shown that it is a systematic behavior in different populations of chimpanzees [ 8 ], which may occur either individually or cooperatively. (mdpi.com)
  • Chimpanzees Spontaneously Exhibits Cooperative Beh. (blogspot.com)
  • Researchers have spent years studying the unique behavior in chimpanzee,and have come up with a conclusion that chimpanzees have tendencies to cooperate with others within their community. (blogspot.com)
  • ICBBRO 2020 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Behavior-Based Robots . (waset.org)
  • SARAH GOUZOULES Rockefeller University Field Research Center, Millbrook, New York 12545 KEY WORDS Nepotism Kin recognition, Primates, Recognition mechanisms, ABSTRACT The degree to which cooperative behavior is kin-correlated in different primate species is reviewed. (docme.ru)
  • Although little is know about the neural substrates that support cooperative over noncooperative behaviors, recent research has shown that mutually cooperative behavior in the context of a mixed-motive game, the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD), is associated with increased neural activity within reinforcement circuitry. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Therefore, we examined whether Clark's nutcrackers, a non-social corvid, would flexibly adapt their caching behaviors to a cooperative context. (frontiersin.org)
  • Most forms of cooperative behavior take place in a mutually beneficial context where cooperation is risky as its success depends on unknown actions of others. (dericbownds.net)
  • I did this until the dogs began to anticipate the cue in that context, and then I began waiting for them to offer the behavior without the cue. (cooperativepaws.com)
  • In the cooperative context, mobile money adoption could alter the trust and group bonding process upon which group lending schemes are built. (uci.edu)
  • However, the study of microbes also poses significant challenges, such as a lack of knowledge and an inaccessibility of the ecological context (used here to include both the abiotic and the biotic environment) under which the trait deemed cooperative has evolved and is maintained. (biologists.org)
  • I review the experimental and theoretical evidence in support of the limitations of the study of social behavior in microbes in the absence of an ecological context. (biologists.org)
  • I discuss both the need and the opportunities for experimental investigations that can inform a theoretical framework able to reframe the general questions of social behavior in a clear ecological context and to account for eco-evolutionary feedback. (biologists.org)
  • However, recent progress has been made in this and other respects, giving hope for the study of microbial ecology in general, and therefore also for the study of social behavior in the appropriate ecological context. (biologists.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cooperative learning strategies on: (1) performance, (2) attitude toward working in teams, and (3) group behaviors in a technical training context. (duhnnae.com)
  • This is an important thought to consider, because a huge chunk of the success of any drug addiction intervention involves the cooperation and proper behavior of the family. (mental-health-matters.com)
  • In simulations without social structure, expected behavior evolves-agents do not punish and consequently no cooperation evolves. (elsevier.com)
  • Although there seem to be many ways to constantly elicit cooperative behavior, the punishment is one of the most effective measures for enhancing cooperation. (elsevier.com)
  • The study of cooperation has preoccupied biologists for centuries but the potential for social behavior in microbes has only recently been recognized. (biologists.org)
  • Researchers (ethologists, comparative psychologists, and evolutionary psychologists) use cooperative pulling experiments to try to understand how cooperation works and how and when it may have evolved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many animals retrieve rewards in their cooperative pulling tasks, the conclusions regarding cooperation are mixed and complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • As for the evolution of cooperation, evidence from cooperative pulling experiments provides support for the theory that cooperation evolved multiple times independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cooperative pulling paradigm is the most popular paradigm for testing cooperation in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this paper, we present five instances providing evidence of predatory behavior: four performed by isolated individuals and one carried out in cooperation. (mdpi.com)
  • She also said: "Cooperation is often regarded as less puzzling than altruistic behavior, but only in an evolutionary sense. (blogspot.com)
  • The specialty of the outcome of this study is that it typically explored various levels of female cooperation, all of which, according to the researchers, will aid by offering better insight on the evolution of cooperative behavior. (blogspot.com)
  • Subjects were divided into small groups and cooperative teams. (duhnnae.com)
  • Subjects in the cooperative teams performed better on the posttest, enjoyed working in teams, perceived more accomplishment, and displayed higher levels of social and cognitive interaction than subjects who worked in unstructured small groups. (duhnnae.com)
  • Illustrates and explains current subjects such as cumulative, concerted and cooperative feedback inhibition and metal ion activation. (ecampus.com)
  • End behavior in sequences of finite Prisoner's Dilemma supergames A learning theory approach ," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization , Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 47-70, March. (repec.org)
  • Elsbach, 1999) may provide a unique lens with which to view organizational members' decision to cooperate, particularly when there is no penalty for failure to engage in such behaviors, since decisions to engage in cooperative behaviors under these conditions are likely to be based on attitudes and cognitions about the organization (cf. (highbeam.com)
  • However, when both microscopic mechanisms are combined, they cause the segregation of cooperators and defectors, and the self-organization of cooperative clusters on the macro-level. (uzh.ch)
  • The Alabama Cooperative Extension System operates as the primary outreach organization that ensures all people have access to information that improves their quality of life and economic well-being. (aces.edu)
  • The available evidence for kin-correlated behavior in nonhuman primates is subsequently related to recent theories of the probable selective pressures for, and mechanisms of, kin recognition. (docme.ru)
  • Predatory behavior in captive primates include reports of opportunistic individual predation of vertebrates by several species of the genus Galago , Saguinus , Saimiri , Cebus , Lagothrix , Macaca , Mandrillus and Cercopithecus [ 19 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • This study conducted two simulation experiments to find the optimal penal regulations condition that can suppress violations (defective behavior) in a 2-person Prisoner's dilemma situation. (elsevier.com)
  • We explore this logic in a prisoner's dilemma quasi-experiment that focuses on competitive versus cooperative behavior. (tilburguniversity.edu)
  • Testing our predictions with 358 Dutch students, we found that previous exposure to an Anglophone culture with higher values for masculinity, performance orientation and assertiveness negatively influences cooperative behavior in a prisoner's dilemma game when the game is played in English. (tilburguniversity.edu)
  • Akkermans, D , Harzing, AWK & van Witteloostuijn, A 2010, ' Cultural accommodation and language priming: Competitive versus cooperative behavior in a prisoner's dilemma game ', Management international review , vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 559-583. (tilburguniversity.edu)
  • It focuses on two problems: 1) synthesis and analysis of intelligent group behavior, and 2) learning in complex group environments. (psu.edu)
  • [1] [2] The book Verbal Behavior is almost entirely theoretical, involving little experimental research in the work itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, a growing body of research has developed on structural topics in verbal behavior such as grammar. (wikipedia.org)
  • [23] Skinner's Verbal Behavior also introduced the autoclitic and six elementary operants: mand, tact, audience relation, echoic, textual, and intraverbal. (wikipedia.org)
  • [25] Verbal Behavior is divided into 5 parts with 19 chapters. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] [26] The first chapter sets the stage for this work, a functional analysis of verbal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skinner presents verbal behavior as a function of controlling consequences and stimuli, not as the product of a special inherent capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • This chapter evaluates technologies needed for the autonomous behavior subsystems that are unique to unmanned systems: perception, navigation, planning, behaviors and skills, and learning/adaptation. (nap.edu)
  • Technology areas responsible for autonomous behavior are depicted in Figure 4-2 . (nap.edu)
  • The fluency of concurrent task management shows the feasibility of manipulating complex robot behavior for autonomous and continuous operations with the finite state machine model and task level architecture. (intechopen.com)
  • We find that when low monetary incentives are framed so as to indicate what is group desirable behavior, people behave more cooperatively in a public goods game than when no-incentives exist. (repec.org)
  • To a lesser extent, information is also available on "kin-correlated' behavior for those species that have been studied over several generations (most notably some Old World monkeys, e.g., the rhesus and Japanese macaque, and one of the great apes, the chimpanzee). (docme.ru)
  • That sighting, and another involving what turned out to be the same species of army ant feeding on the carcass of a snake, has led O'Donnell of the University of Washington and several colleagues to offer a new theory on the origin of cooperative hunting behavior in army ants, which are among the most socially complex animals known. (eurekalert.org)
  • Egg tossing or egg destruction is a behavior observed in some species of birds where one individual removes an egg from the communal nest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Egg tossing is observed in avian species, most commonly females, who are involved with cooperative breeding or brood parasitism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among colonial non-co-nesting birds, egg-tossing is observed to be performed by an individual of the same species, and in the case of brood parasites this behavior is done by either the same or different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many species have learned to adapt to this behavior to increase the chances of offspring survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some bird species that exhibit this behavior are the Black-headed duck, the common cuckoo and cowbirds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers use controlled experiments to analyze the strategies applied by cooperating animals, and to investigate the underlying mechanisms that lead species to develop cooperative behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • This demonstrated that they were able to perform this species-typical behavior in a naturalistic environment without learning it in the wild. (mdpi.com)
  • Since the inception of the MIT & Masdar Institute Cooperative Program eighty-two research projects have been successfully completed in a wide range of disciplines. (mit.edu)
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Behavior-Based Robots. (waset.org)
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Behavior-Based Robots are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
  • Cheliomyrmex may be telling us that cooperative hunting of large prey is an evolutionary predecessor of going after smaller prey," said O'Donnell. (eurekalert.org)
  • Shutters, S 2012, ' Punishment leads to cooperative behavior in structured societies ', Evolutionary computation , vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 301-319. (elsevier.com)
  • This effect was accompanied by a significantly diminished probability of cooperative responding given previous mutually cooperative behavior. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • We start with individual and cooperative robot navigation, move on to mobile sensor network coordination, and conclude with behavior planning in interacting robotic hybrid systems. (ucsb.edu)
  • Attractiveness of perceived identity and construed external image were positively related to physicians' identification with the system, which in turn was positively related to cooperative behavior. (highbeam.com)
  • Psychological safety was positively related to innovative behavior, and this relationship was moderated by disintegration avoidance such that it was weaker when disintegration avoidance was high. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The researchers intend to study a number of women's thrift and credit cooperatives (loan groups) in rural villages of Southeastern Nigeria whose members have commenced using mobile money services in order to understand the changes in the financial behavior of these members and in their cooperatives. (uci.edu)
  • The prevailing theory among psychologists and child development specialists is that behavior stems from a combination of genes and environment. (ascd.org)
  • In a new book, The Anatomy of Violence , Adrian Raine argues that violent behavior has a biological basis just like depression or schizophrenia. (npr.org)
  • The effects of probability of punishment and penalty on the cooperative behavior were identified with the interactive effect of both experimental factors. (elsevier.com)
  • The defect (no-cooperative behavior) decreased when the punishment penalty was heavy and the probability of the defect revealing was low than when the punishment penalty was light and the probability of the defect revealing was high. (elsevier.com)
  • However, the microscopic origins of this complex behavior are still not well understood. (rice.edu)
  • While such behavior suggests the net negative cooperative responses of kinesins will persist across a relatively wide range of cargo types, it is also shown that the rates with which cargo velocities relax in time upon force perturbations are influenced by structural factors that affect the free energies of and load distributions within a multiple kinesin complex. (rice.edu)
  • Service robot control faces challenges of dynamic environment and complex behavior, which mainly include eye-hand coordination and continuous operations. (intechopen.com)
  • Next-generation large distributed networks and systems require substantial reconsideration of exiting 'de facto' approaches and mechanisms to sustain an increasing demand on speed, scale, bandwidth, topology and flow changes, user complex behavior, security threats, and service and user ubiquity. (iaria.org)
  • In 2017, the Alabama Cooperative Extension System at Auburn ence-based PSE strategies. (cdc.gov)
  • Effects of Cooperative Learning Strategies on Performance, Attitude, and Group Behaviors in a Technical Team Environment. (duhnnae.com)
  • Only the practice portion of the lesson reflected cooperative strategies versus no process direction. (duhnnae.com)
  • Implications for integrating cooperative strategies into technical team training are provided. (duhnnae.com)
  • Not only is model to provide support for healthy behaviors in at-risk populations. (cdc.gov)
  • 32 women's thrift and credit cooperatives will be selected for the study. (uci.edu)
  • First, we study the relation between success and image of cooperatives. (ssrn.com)
  • Second, we study the role of educating critical stakeholders of a cooperative in making the cooperative success. (ssrn.com)
  • Finding and suggestions of this study may be used to educate critical stakeholders of a cooperative to make it success and create visibility of the cooperative. (ssrn.com)
  • [24] For Skinner, the proper object of study is behavior itself , analyzed without reference to hypothetical (mental) structures, but rather with reference to the functional relationships of the behavior in the environment in which it occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Writing in the current issue of the journal Biotropica, O'Donnell and biologists Michael Kaspari of the University of Oklahoma and John Lattke of Universidad Central de Venezuela, propose that mass cooperative food foraging, a key element in the behavior of army ants, may have begun as a way to subdue large prey. (eurekalert.org)
  • It had been previously identified, but little was known about its behavior or prey until the two chance encounters at the Tiputini Biodiversity Station, an ecological preserve in eastern Ecuador. (eurekalert.org)
  • Here, we present the first experimental test of the effects of glucocorticoids on helper behavior in a cooperative breeder. (ovid.com)
  • The cooperative pulling paradigm is an experimental design in which two or more animals pull rewards toward themselves via an apparatus that they cannot successfully operate alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cooperative pulling paradigm is an experimental design in which two or more individuals, typically but not necessarily animals, can pull rewards towards themselves via an apparatus they can not successfully operate alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • These data suggest that serotonin plays a significant role in the acquisition of socially cooperative behavior in human adult participants, and suggest novel hypotheses concerning the serotonergic modulation of reward information in socially cooperative behavior in both health and psychiatric illness. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Synthetic biology aims to engineer novel cellular functions by assembling well-characterized molecular parts (i.e., nucleic acids and proteins) into biological "devices " that exhibit predictable behavior. (psu.edu)
  • I mean what I'm doing is arguing that there's a biological basis really to all forms of antisocial behavior - you know, not just homicide, not just rape, not just pedophilia, but just plain everyday thieving and stealing and even cheating. (npr.org)
  • Murphy, KP & Freire, E 1992, ' Thermodynamics of structural stability and cooperative folding behavior in proteins ', Advances in Protein Chemistry , vol. 43, pp. 313-361. (elsevier.com)
  • Cooperative behavior spreads three degrees of separation: if Eleni increases her contribution to the public good, it benefits Lucas (one degree), who gives more when paired with Erika (two degrees) in period 2, who gives more when paired with Jay (three degrees) in period 3, who gives more when paired with Brecken in period 4. (dericbownds.net)
  • Performing the egg tossing behavior increases the number of offspring per individual compared to those in single pairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the group size increases, the behaviors that attempt to disrupt egg hatching or laying by others increases. (wikipedia.org)
  • ENGAGE was found to be as effective as Triple P in reducing parent-rated problem behaviors in pre-schoolers (i.e. (nature.com)
  • In the guira cuckoo, up to 7 females share a nest and perform egg tossing behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the acorn woodpecker it has been observed that due to the egg destruction behavior it causes the egg laying to be synchronized between females. (wikipedia.org)