Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Works about comparative studies to verify the effectiveness of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques determined in phase II studies. During these trials, patients are monitored closely by physicians to identify any adverse reactions from long-term use. These studies are performed on groups of patients large enough to identify clinically significant responses and usually last about three years. This concept includes phase III studies conducted in both the U.S. and in other countries.
Works about studies that are usually controlled to assess the effectiveness and dosage (if appropriate) of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques. These studies are performed on several hundred volunteers, including a limited number of patients with the target disease or disorder, and last about two years. This concept includes phase II studies conducted in both the U.S. and in other countries.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Works about studies performed to evaluate the safety of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in healthy subjects and to determine the safe dosage range (if appropriate). These tests also are used to determine pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties (toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, and preferred route of administration). They involve a small number of persons and usually last about 1 year. This concept includes phase I studies conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Works about clinical trials involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicines, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trials are characterized as RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Works about controlled studies which are planned and carried out by several cooperating institutions to assess certain variables and outcomes in specific patient populations, for example, a multicenter study of congenital anomalies in children.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Planned post-marketing studies of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques that have been approved for general sale. These studies are often conducted to obtain additional data about the safety and efficacy of a product. This concept includes phase IV studies conducted in both the U.S. and in other countries.
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in clinical trials. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the "Common Rule") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Earlier than planned termination of clinical trials.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
Establishment of the level of a quantifiable effect indicative of a biologic process. The evaluation is frequently to detect the degree of toxic or therapeutic effect.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Financial support of research activities.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Drugs which have received FDA approval for human testing but have yet to be approved for commercial marketing. This includes drugs used for treatment while they still are undergoing clinical trials (Treatment IND). The main heading includes drugs under investigation in foreign countries.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Any process by which toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, preferred route of administration, safe dosage range, etc., for a drug or group of drugs is determined through clinical assessment in humans or veterinary animals.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.
Strategy for the analysis of RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC that compares patients in the groups to which they were originally randomly assigned.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.
Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, it conducts and supports research with the objective of cancer prevention, early stage identification and elimination. This Institute was established in 1937.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Antibodies from non-human species whose protein sequences have been modified to make them nearly identical with human antibodies. If the constant region and part of the variable region are replaced, they are called humanized. If only the constant region is modified they are called chimeric. INN names for humanized antibodies end in -zumab.
Those individuals engaged in research.
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Manipulation of the host's immune system in treatment of disease. It includes both active and passive immunization as well as immunosuppressive therapy to prevent graft rejection.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Works about randomized clinical trials that compare interventions in clinical settings and which look at a range of effectiveness outcomes and impacts.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Treatments with drugs which interact with or block synthesis of specific cellular components characteristic of the individual's disease in order to stop or interrupt the specific biochemical dysfunction involved in progression of the disease.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Works about books, articles or other publications on herbs or plants describing their medicinal value.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines designed to prevent or treat cancer. Vaccines are produced using the patient's own whole tumor cells as the source of antigens, or using tumor-specific antigens, often recombinantly produced.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
Agents that prevent clotting.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.
A cyclodecane isolated from the bark of the Pacific yew tree, TAXUS BREVIFOLIA. It stabilizes MICROTUBULES in their polymerized form leading to cell death.
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. ( accessed 6/12/2009)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
Labels pasted in books to mark their ownership and sometimes to indicate their location in a library. Private bookplates are often ornate or artistic: simpler and smaller ones bearing merely the owner's name are called "book labels." They are usually pasted on the front endpaper of books. (From Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary and Reference Book, 4th rev ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Published pieces of paper or other material, usually printed on one side and intended to be read unfolded and usually intended to be posted, publicly distributed, or sold. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Expectation of real uncertainty on the part of the investigator regarding the comparative therapeutic merits of each arm in a trial.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.

Meta-analysis of the reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase type A moclobemide and brofaromine for the treatment of depression. (1/433)

The reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase type A (RIMAs) are a newer group of antidepressants that have had much less impact on clinical psychopharmacology than another contemporary class of medications, the selective serotonin reuptake-inhibitors (SSRIs). The RIMAs agents are distinguished from the older monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) by their selectivity and reversibility. As a result, dietary restrictions are not required during RIMA therapy, and hypertensive crises are quite rare. In this article, we describe a series of meta-analyses of studies of the two most widely researched RIMAs, moclobemide (MOC; Aurorex) and brofaromine (BRO). Our findings confirm that both BRO and MOC are as effective as the tricyclic antidepressants, and they are better tolerated. However, BRO is not being studied at present for reasons unrelated to efficacy or side effects. MOC, which is available throughout much of the world (but not the United States), is significantly more effective than placebo and, at the least, comparable to the SSRIs in both efficacy and tolerability. For MOC, higher dosages may enhance efficacy for more severe depressions. We also found evidence that supports clinical impressions that MOC is somewhat less effective, albeit better tolerated, than older MAOIs, such as phenelzine or tranylcypromine. Little evidence has yet emerged to suggest that the RIMAs share older MAOIs' utility for treatment of depressions characterized by prominent reverse neurovegetative features. Based on available evidence, the RIMAs appear to have a limited, but useful, role in the differential therapeutics of the depressive disorders.  (+info)

The evolution of antibiotic therapy for neutropenic patients. (2/433)

Considerable progress has been made in the treatment of infections in neutropenic patients during the past three decades. A major contribution to this progress has been the discovery of effective new therapies and their prompt administration. Unfortunately, successful therapy of each important pathogen has resulted in the emergence of new pathogens, usually with unique patterns of antibiotic susceptibility. Unfortunately, antibiotic resistance has become an increasing threat in recent years, raising the possibility of infections that will be difficult to eradicate. Fortunately, there are new classes of antimicrobials that hold promise for therapeutic success in the future.  (+info)

Systematic review of day hospital care for elderly people. The Day Hospital Group. (3/433)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of day hospital attendance in prolonging independent living for elderly people. DESIGN: Systematic review of 12 controlled clinical trials (available by January 1997) comparing day hospital care with comprehensive care (five trials), domiciliary care (four trials), or no comprehensive care (three trials). SUBJECTS: 2867 elderly people. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Death, institutionalisation, disability, global "poor outcome," and use of resources. RESULTS: Overall, there was no significant difference between day hospitals and alternative services for death, disability, or use of resources. However, compared with subjects receiving no comprehensive care, patients attending day hospitals had a lower odds of death or "poor" outcome (0.72, 95% confidence interval 0.53 to 0.99; P<0.05) and functional deterioration (0.61, 0.38 to 0.97; P<0.05). The day hospital group showed trends towards reductions in hospital bed use and placement in institutional care. Eight trials reported treatment costs, six of which reported that day hospital attendance was more expensive than other care, although only two analyses took into account cost of long term care. CONCLUSIONS: Day hospital care seems to be an effective service for elderly people who need rehabilitation but may have no clear advantage over other comprehensive care. Methodological problems limit these conclusions, and further randomised trials are justifiable.  (+info)

Low-molecular-weight heparin in preventing and treating DVT. (4/433)

Low-molecular-weight heparin is a relatively recent addition to the list of therapies for prophylaxis and treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). As a prophylactic, low-molecular-weight heparin is as effective as standard heparin or warfarin and does not require monitoring of the activated partial thromboplastin time or the International Normalized Ratio. Traditionally, treatment for DVT required patients to be hospitalized for administration of intravenous heparin. With subcutaneous injections of low-molecular-weight heparin, treatment of DVT can be initiated or completed in the outpatient setting with no increased risk of recurrent thromboembolism or bleeding complications. Low-molecular-weight heparin is an attractive option for use in patients with a first episode of DVT, no risk factors for bleeding and the ability to administer injections with or without the help of a visiting nurse or family member.  (+info)

Bipolar disorder in old age. (5/433)

OBJECTIVE: To review the classification, clinical characteristics, and epidemiology of bipolar disorders in old age with a special focus on neurologic comorbidity, high mortality, and management. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Most available data is gleaned from retrospective chart reviews and cohort studies. Treatment recommendations are based on evidence from younger populations and a few anecdotal case reports and series involving elderly people. MAIN MESSAGE: While relatively rare in the community setting, mania in old age frequently leads to hospitalization. It is associated with late-onset neurologic disorders (especially cerebrovascular disease) involving the right hemisphere and orbitofrontal cortex. Prognosis is relatively poor; morbidity and mortality rates are high. Management of bipolarity includes cautious use of mood stabilizers, especially lithium and divalproex. CONCLUSIONS: Mania in old age should trigger a careful assessment of underlying neurologic disease, especially cerebrovascular disease. Close clinical follow up is essential.  (+info)

New treatments for allergic rhinitis. (6/433)

OBJECTIVE: To review new treatments for allergic rhinitis. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Most studies supporting the principles in this paper are double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. Good evidence supports use of antihistamines, nasal steroid sprays, and immunotherapy. Fewer trials have been done on the new antileukotrienes. MAIN MESSAGE: Allergic rhinitis causes significant morbidity, which can be successfully treated. Newer antihistamines, developed to replace terfenadine and astemizole which have potential side effects, include loratadine, cetirizine, and the newest, fexofenadine. Intranasal steroid sprays are also effective, particularly for people with nasal stuffiness. One study showed some growth retardation in children using beclomethasone over a prolonged period (1 year). The newer steroid sprays, such as fluticasone, budesonide, and mometasone furoate aqueous, however, have not been studied in the same way and are usually recommended for shorter periods. The newest group of medications showing real promise are the antileukotrienes, including zafirlukast and montelukast. Taken orally, these medications avoid the discomfort of nasal sprays and seem to have few side effects. Immunotherapy offers a new option: a short-course, preseasonal series of six to 11 injections that reduces the burden on patients for year-round therapy. Combinations of these therapies are also possible. CONCLUSIONS: With new medications and immunotherapy options, family physicians can offer effective treatment to patients with allergic rhinitis.  (+info)

Chaos and the transition to ventricular fibrillation: a new approach to antiarrhythmic drug evaluation. (7/433)

Sudden cardiac death resulting from ventricular fibrillation can be separated into 2 components: initiation of tachycardia and degeneration of tachycardia to fibrillation. Clinical drug studies such as CAST and SWORD demonstrated that focusing exclusively on the first component is inadequate as a therapeutic modality. The hope for developing effective pharmacological therapy rests on a comprehensive understanding of the second component, the transition from tachycardia to fibrillation. We summarize evidence that the transition from tachycardia to fibrillation is a transition to spatiotemporal chaos, with similarities to the quasiperiodic transition to chaos seen in fluid turbulence. In this scenario, chaos results from the interaction of multiple causally independent oscillatory motions. Simulations in 2-dimensional cardiac tissue suggest that the destabilizing oscillatory motions during spiral-wave reentry arise from restitution properties of action potential duration and conduction velocity. The process of spiral-wave breakup in simulated cardiac tissue predicts remarkably well the sequence by which tachycardia degenerates to fibrillation in real cardiac tissue. Modifying action potential duration and conduction velocity restitution characteristics can prevent spiral-wave breakup in simulated cardiac tissue, suggesting that drugs with similar effects in real cardiac tissue may have antifibrillatory efficacy (the Restitution Hypothesis). If valid for the real heart, the Restitution Hypothesis will support a new paradigm for antiarrhythmic drug classification, incorporating an antifibrillatory profile based on effects on cardiac restitution and the traditional antitachycardia profile (classes 1 through 4).  (+info)

Recurrent cystitis in nonpregnant women. (8/433)

Consistent evidence from RCTs shows that antibiotic prophylaxis (either continuous or postcoital), using trimethoprim TMP-SMZ, nitrofurantoin, or a quinolone, reduces infection rates in women with high rates of recurrent cystitis (at least two per year). Limited evidence suggests that intermittent patient-administered treatment (taken at the onset of symptoms) is an effective alternative management strategy to continuous antibiotic prophylaxis in women with high rates of infection (at least two per year). Limited evidence suggests that long-term prophylaxis is likely to benefit women with a baseline rate of more than two infections per year over many years. However, long-term treatment has not yet been evaluated in RCTs. In women who experience recurrent, uncomplicated cystitis, there is no evidence to support routine investigation of the urinary tract with excretory urography, ultrasonography, cystoscopy, or voiding cystourethrography. No specific subgroups of women who would clearly benefit from investigation have yet been adequately defined.  (+info)

Come for STORYTIME fun for 2 - 5 year olds. Our Storytime features stories & more. We have Storytime every Monday, starting at 10:30 a.m., unless otherwise noted. We sometimes have guest authors and presenters.. ...
Director of Transition Services: Curriculum & Training, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS), Principal Investigator, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS) Professor Emerita, Principal Investigator, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS) Professor Emerita, Co-Principal Investigator/Director, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS), Software Developer, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS), Director of Digital Content and Accessibility, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS), Project Coordinator, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS), Software Developer, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS), Director of Special Projects, Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS)
Learn more about what CCTS can do for your research efforts from key CCTS program managers: Marietta Barton-Baxter, CCRC, Administrative Director of the Clinical Services Core and Program Specialist for Regulatory Support and Research Ethics
Dyax Corp. (NASDAQ: DYAX) and CMIC Co., Ltd, (CMIC) announced today an agreement to develop and commercialize subcutaneous DX-88 (ecallantide) for the
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Comments below, prefixed by [Diego]. Diego , p.75: , , 7.1.1 Stored Core Components , , [S1] , - Unique Identifier , , [JMC] Defer to existing RIM spec: UUID assigned to RegistryObject. No , updates necessary for CC. , , - Version , , [JMC] Defer to existing RIM spec: MajorVersion and MinorVersion , RegistryEntry attributes. No updates necessary for CC. , , - Dictionary Entry Name (already covered: , - Definition (already covered: RegistryObject.description) , , - Usage Rule: See p.65 Section 6.2.4 , , [JMC] Out of our scope, as it references Section 6 (we are verifying , Section 7). Sidenote: Section 6 will most likely be covered by OASIS , CAM. , , p.76: , , [S2] , Stored Core Components shall always be defined as one of the 4 , recognized types: Basic Core Component (p.77 Section 7.1.6), , Association , Core Component (p.77 Section 7.1.7), Aggregate Core Component (p.76 , Section 7.1.2), or Core Component Type (p.77 Section 7.1.8) , , [JMC] Use ObjectType ...
We propose to use HIV-1 self-testing to reduce the frequency of clinic visits for persons taking PrEP, and we will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of our approach using a randomized, non-inferiority trial among women and men initiating PrEP in Kenya.. ...
This study suggests that COBRA-light therapy may be a feasible alternative to COBRA in the first 6 months of treatment. As the CI of the observed difference in ΔDAS44 includes the predefined clinically relevant threshold of 0.5, we are unable to claim non-inferiority fully. However, when analyses were performed with a two-sided 90% CI, or when DAS44 was calculated with CRP, the CI of the ITT and per-protocol analyses are within the predefined threshold of 0.5. The results were consistent across the secondary outcomes, with some trends even favouring COBRA-light (eg, ACR/EULAR remission and ACR50 and ACR70 responses), and only the ESR proved significantly lower in the COBRA arm. In fact, this difference in ESR is the main driver for the observed difference in ΔDAS44 between the groups. In addition, no differences were seen in the safety profile. In other words, COBRA-light therapy seems to be equally effective and safe but has the advantage that it incorporates a lower initial dose of ...
Im not sure its quite as bad as you make out and certainly not in the same league as homeopathy and magnetic bracelets. Your critique of the sub-group analysis implies either carelessness or a misunderstanding of statistics. Splitting the groups for analysis means fewer participants in each arm, thus the error bars for each group increase. This is why larger trials are preferable as they reduce the statistical error. The authors make no claims pertaining to the sub-groups. There is a plausible mechanism of action. The cited paper from Liebmann et al indicates NO production from blue light at 453nm, and NO is implicated in CNS signalling and pain mediation (see e.g. Meller ST, Gebhart GF. 1993. Nitric oxide (NO) and nociceptive processing in the spinal cord. Pain 52:127-36).. The thresholds raise an interesting question. While the difference between the control/placebo group and treatment group is 9mm, but the control group improvement is ,9mm. Therefore the improvement of the treatment group ...
KALBITOR (Ecallantide) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient assistance.
file. Doug, one more game this season. The offense…was it what you expected? Are you disappointed? Can you talk about the progress of the offense and what your expectations were at the beginning of the season and now heading into Ohio State, where you guys are 13th of 14 in total offense?. Obviously our expectations are a lot higher than where were at right now. As Ive touched on throughout the season you talk about individual improvement [and it] hasnt necessarily led to total group improvement. Do feel good about the things that were progressing in. You talk about the ability to run the football. I believe in the last three were averaging like 207 yards a game or something like that rushing in the last three games. Really feel like that lines starting to gel together. You talk about protection and the fact that we gave up two this week; one was an assignment error and we gave up one true sack on a zero blitz. We got caught by surprise. Weve got to have a better plan down there as far ...
View the complete listing of upcoming CCTS, campus and Chicago area events. To submit an event to the calendar, email [email protected] ...
Explore Latest Updates on Cell Therapy Conference and Gene Therapy Conferences happening in Asia, Australia, Europe, USA, Canada and Japan in 2018
Does any body have any insight or experience running a non-inferiority test based on multiple linear or logistic regression. So perhaps mean and risk...
A large, quirky database of scientific sources about musculoskeletal pain, injury & treatment, constantly updated & annotated 1997-2018.
The primary goal of this non-inferiority trial was to determine if an intermittent treatment regimen was not inferior to a continuous regimen, in first-line
All studies are led by a protocol, which establishes what the trial will study, who is a good candidate for the study, what treatments (if any) will be used, and how results will be measured.. In a randomized, controlled clinical trial, children are separated into groups. The experimental group(s) will receive the treatment that is to be tested, while the control group(s) will get the usual treatment (usually what a child is already taking) or placebo (a fake treatment or sugar pill that contains no medicine at all).. In clinical trials on children, placebo is used only if the lack of treatment is short (perhaps a few days) and poses minimal risks, or if the therapy being tested is used to only treat uncomfortable symptoms (like watery eyes) and not a severe illness.. In these types of trials, patients are blinded, which means they dont know who is getting the treatment and who is getting the placebo until the trial is over. That way, their perceived response to the drug or placebo cant be ...
Are there any clinical trials on going? There are a couple of trials recruiting now in the US and in Europe. Click here to read more.
It may have been an unusual request at that point, but when a local grandmother recently stopped by Framinghams Board of Health for an H1N1 flu shot, she received one on the spot.
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Heres an all-too-real example from recent personal experience. A drug manufacturer wants to understand physicians rationales for performing a certain procedure. It seems - but there is little hard data - that a lot of physicians do not strictly follow guidelines on when to perform the procedure. So we devise a study: whenever the procedure is performed, we ask the physician to complete a quick form categorizing why they made their decision. We also ask him or her to transcribe a few pieces of data from the patient chart ...
Clear Choice Technical Services in Overland Park blog section You can read different topics about the copier type articles by CCTS in Overland Park.
It is difficult to ensure that treatment comparison groups are sufficiently similar in terms of prognostic variables in non-randomized studies, particularly prognostic variables that remain undiscovered ...
When running meta-regression on continuous moderator variables, some of the variable run nicely, while others end with the error message: Cannot run meta-regr…
Less than a decade after being hatched out of a Texas university, Houston-based Bellicum Pharmaceuticals is in the midst of clinical trials on two
Why did we develop TIDieR-Placebo? The TIDieR reporting guideline helps authors fully report their interventions, so that they can be used by others. However, TIDieR only explicitly covers active interventions, not placebo controls. The developers of the new TIDieR-Placebo extension explain why it is needed Read More. ...
Why did we develop TIDieR-Placebo? The TIDieR reporting guideline helps authors fully report their interventions, so that they can be used by others. However, TIDieR only explicitly covers active interventions, not placebo controls. The developers of the new TIDieR-Placebo extension explain why it is needed Read More. ...
Our results suggest that in ventilated pediatric patients with ALI: both SI and SRS effectively raise PaO2 and FRC; SI may be associated with temporary desaturation in children; SRS is associated with an increase in PaCO2 during the maneuver; and both SI and SRS are hemodynamically well tolerated.. Several studies have noted that both SI and SRS are effective in raising PaO2 in adults and children with ARDS.7,11,13,23 When an SRS was applied following an SI, in non-randomized fashion, Borges et al11 noted that PaO2 rose further following SRS. When assessed using computed tomography, Borges et al also noted regions of lung collapse that had not opened following SI became aerated following SRS. This is consistent with the increase in FRC we demonstrated following SRS, compared to following SI. However, in both the Borges et al study and our study, the non-randomized, sequential application of SRS after an SI precludes any conclusions regarding the efficacy of one maneuver over the other; it is ...
Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) are an increasingly significant component of national social protection systems. CCTs have been associated with positive effects on poverty reduction, increased school attendance and use of health services, as well as reductions in child labour. Some claim that CCTs contribute to the empowerment of women and girls. Whether or not the conditionalities attached to these transfers play a role in producing these positive outcomes remains an open and much-debated question. Against this backdrop, the brief reviews a decade of feminist research on CCTs that has raised serious questions about the assumptions that underpin the use of conditionalities and their impact on poor womens lives. The brief highlights particular concerns about the detrimental effects that conditionalities may have in contexts where quality public services are lacking and where multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination mean that well-intended programme requirements easily slip into ...
Pilot studies are key sources of innovation at the University of Massachusetts Center for Clinical and Translational Science (UMCCTS). Over the past few years, we have developed a pilot portfolio that leverages CTSA funding with institutional and industry partnership to catalyze innovation and collaboration across the translational spectrum. The primary aim of the UMCCTS pilot grant programs is to support innovative projects most likely to yield a new product for approach that addresses a significant health issue.
Hello, It has taken me some time to find full text documents regarding clinical trials on diet and omega3/omega6 suppliments mentioned here and in the book. Most of google search returnes only abstracts and not full text. Im not sure ...
The good folks down at eyeforpharma have asked me to write a few blog posts in the run-up to their Patient Centered Clinical Trials conference in Boston this September. In my second article -Buzzword Innovation: The Patient Centricity Fad and the Token Patient - I went over some concerns I have regarding the sudden burst of enthusiasm for patient centricity in the clinical trial world ...
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This is a Phase I, multi-centre, non-randomized, uncontrolled, open-label, dose escalating study of BI 836880 administered intravenously once a week. The
Clinical Trials and YOU What are clinical trials? Controlled studies to determine how a particular anti-cancer strategy ( i.e. treatment ) affects the people who receive it Involve rigorous scientific
Video created by 约翰霍普金斯大学 for the course Introduction to the Biology of Cancer. In this final week, well examine the variety of treatment options available to doctors and patients as well as the features of clinical trials and how they are ...
If youve decided that you would like to learn more about participating in clinical trials, start by talking to your doctor. He or she probably knows ...
Hi there! Im new here and I was wondering if there are any upcoming clinical trials. Id like to get on the list for those! Thanks, Jennifer
இந்த திறனாய்வின் நோக்கம் என்ன? உயர்-இரத்த அழுத்ததோடு தொடர்புடைய, இறப்பு எண்ணிக்கை, பக்கவாதங்கள் , மற்றும் மாரடைப்பு போன்றவற்றைத் தடுப்பதில் பீட்டா பிளாக்கர்ஸ்ன் திறன் பற்றி மதிப்பீடு செய்வதே இந்த காக்ரேன் திறனாய்வின் நோக்கம். இந்த கேள்விக்கான விடையை கண்டறிய இதன் தொடர்புடைய ஆராய்ச்சிகளை நாங்கள் சேகரித்து பின்பு அதனை பகுப்பாய்வு செய்தோம். இதில் எங்களுக்கு இது ...
இடைவிடு கஞ்சத்துவம் என்பது நடக்கும் போது உண்டாகும் ஒரு தசைப்பிடிப்பு கால் வலி ஆகும், இது ஓய்வின் போது இருக்காது. இது பெருந்தமனி தடிப்பு (தமனிகள் வழியாக செல்லும் இரத்த ஓட்டத்தை கட்டுப்படுத்தும் கொழுப்பு வைப்புகள்) காரணமாக கால் தசைகளுக்கு போதுமானஅளவு இரத்த ஓட்டம் இல்லாததால் ஏற்படுகிறது. லேசானது முதல் மிதமான கஞ்சத்துவம் உள்ள மக்கள் நடைபயிற்சியினைத் தொடரவும் , ...
FDA Anti-Infective Drugs Advisory Committee. Design Issues in ABS Trials: Surrogates Endpoints & Non-Inferiority Trials October 29, 2003 Thomas R. Fleming, Ph.D. Professor and Chair of Biostatistics University of Washington. Design Issues in ABS Trials. Criteria for Study Endpoints Slideshow 6407475 by kamal-huff
All-natural cycle IVF is in vitro fertilization, yet just without the use of large amounts of medicines to stimulate the ovary to make multiples eggs. Females do obtain everyday shots towards the end of the cycle to prevent very early ovulation, and also throughout that time, small quantities of gonadotropin drug are necessary to sustain the growth of the egg.
This page contains the abstract: A Dose of Our Own Medicine: Alternative Medicine, Conventional Medicine, and the Standards of Science
GlobalDatas clinical trial report, Hemostasis Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2012 provides data on the Hemostasis clinical trial scenario. This report provides elemental information and data relating to the clinical trials on Hemostasis. It includes an overview of the trial numbers and their recruitment status as per the site of trial conduction across the globe. The databook offers a preliminary coverage of disease clinical trials by their phase, trial status, prominence of the sponsors and also provides briefing pertaining to the number of trials for the key drugs for treating Hemostasis. This report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GlobalDatas team of industry experts.
GlobalDatas clinical trial report, Pulmonary Edema Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2013 provides data on the Pulmonary Edema clinical trial scenario. This report provides elemental information and data relating to the clinical trials on Pulmonary Edema. It includes an overview of the trial numbers and their recruitment status as per the site of trial conduction across the globe. The databook offers a preliminary coverage of disease clinical trials by their phase, trial status, prominence of the sponsors and also provides briefing pertaining to the number of trials for the key drugs for treating Pulmonary Edema. This report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GlobalDatas team of industry experts.
The Cochrane EPOC specialised trials register is no longer maintained following an exemption granted by Cochranes Editor-in-Chief on the advice of the Cochrane Information Specialists Executive:. The exemption was given due to the diverse scope of the EPOC group, and its inclusion of studies other than randomised trials. In addition it was accepted that it isnt possible to define a priori all the topics that the group may cover.. Attempts were made to maintain a specialised trials register which ceased updates in around 2014. The entirety of the register as it existed is searchable via CENTRAL (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) in the Cochrane Library. ...
New Data Presented Build on Positive Phase 2b Findings, Demonstrate Correlation Between Improved Cognition and Plasma Levels of EVP-6124
TY - JOUR. T1 - Strategies to improve retention in randomised trials. AU - Gillies, Katie. AU - Kearney, Anna AU - Keenan, Ciara. AU - Treweek, Shaun. AU - Hudson, Jemma. AU - Brueton, Valerie C.. AU - Conway, Thomas. AU - Hunter, Andrew AU - Murphy, Louise AU - Carr, Peter J.. AU - Rait, Greta. AU - Manson, Paul. AU - Aceves-Martins, Magaly N1 - [Methodology]. PY - 2021/3/6. Y1 - 2021/3/6. N2 - Background:Poor retention of participants in randomised trials can lead to missing outcome data which can introduce bias and reduce study power, affecting the generalisability, validity and reliability of results. Many strategies are used to improve retention but few have been formally evaluated. Objectives:To quantify the effect of strategies to improve retention of participants in randomised trials and to investigate if the effect varied by trial setting. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Scopus, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science Core ...
New life-saving treatments for Autism in clinical trial on A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study of CM_AT for the Treatment of Autism in Children 3-8 Years Old. (The Blüm Study)
Clinical trials provide information about the safety and effectiveness of new approaches to see if they should become widely available. Most of the standard cancer treatments used today were first shown to be effective through clinical trials.. There are many reasons why someone may choose to take part in a clinical trial.. ...
CLINICAL TRIALS AVAILABLE IN THE PHOENIX AREA Myelodysplastic Syndrome: TetraLogic 0087 A Phase 1b/2a, Open-label, Non-randomized Study of Birinapant
Did you know you can Make Money Doing Clinical Trials? There are quite a few clinical trials available right now. You can possibly get free medicine and get PAID for your thoughts and opinions on the product. The payout on these can be really high - most are several hundred…
Clinical trials test interventions that may help treat or prevent disease and are used to determine whether new therapies are safe and effective
This model addresses the planning of global clinical trials and the forecasting of long-range expenses to accurately allocate project resources. It
From the information technology perspective for clinical trials, it has been guided by another U.S. Food and Drug ... In a good manufacturing practice regulated industry, the topic is frequently encountered by its users. Various industrial ... "Guidance for Industry - COMPUTERIZED SYSTEMS USED IN CLINICAL TRIALS". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. April 1999. Retrieved ... Taylor, J. (2008). Project Scheduling and Cost Control: Planning, Monitoring and Controlling the Baseline. J. Ross Publishing. ...
... placebo-controlled phase 2 clinical trial". The Lancet. 381 (9871): 1037-1045. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61764-4. PMID 23352749 ... "MERS vaccine shows promise in clinical trial, say researchers". "Developing a vaccine against Nipah virus". Sifferlin, A. ( ... Adenovirus Vaccine Efficacy Trial Consortium (2013). "A phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the ... "Inferring Reasons for the Failure of Staphylococcus aureus Vaccines in Clinical Trials". Frontiers in Cellular and Infection ...
... but placebo-controlled clinical trials could not always replicate these findings. As of 2017, vitamin E continues to be a topic ... but no confirming evidence from placebo-controlled clinical trials. Antioxidant vitamins as dietary supplements have been ... In multiple clinical trials, vitamin E lowered blood concentration of the immunosuppressant medication, cyclosporine A. The US ... The authors concluded that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are needed. A large study comparing placebo to an all rac-alpha- ...
Reviewing clinical trials involving phytosterol supplementation, the FDA concluded that when consumed in the range of 1 to 3 ... A meta-analysis of 14 randomized, controlled trials comparing plant sterols to plant stanols directly at doses of 0.6 to 2.5 g/ ... Patterson, CA (July 2006). "Phytosterols and stanols: Topic 10075E" (PDF). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Government of ... Plant sterols and stanols, when compared head-to-head in clinical trials, have been shown to equally reduce cholesterol levels ...
... clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, efficacy tests, and clinical pharmacology. The work is considered one of the ... Importance: Topic creator, Breakthrough, Impact The Canon of Medicine Author: Avicenna (Ibn Sina) Publication data: The Canon ... Bloom Bernard S.; Retbi Aurelia; Dahan Sandrine; Jonsson Egon (2000). "Evaluation Of Randomized Controlled Trials On ... 4 (2). Eldredge Jonathan D (2003). "The Randomised Controlled Trial design: unrecognized opportunities for health sciences ...
These rates, which are much higher than those seen in randomized clinical trials have been the topic of extensive debate and ... Randomized controlled trials have found these foodstuffs to reduce circulating cholesterol, but the quality of the trials has ... The author of one study argued that adverse events are more common in clinical practice than in randomized clinical trials. A ... A recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) gave statin-intolerant patients a statin or a placebo inside capsules that looked ...
In 2007 the organization established the Clinical Trials Registry - India, which is India's national registry for clinical ... fertility control, maternal and child health, control of nutritional disorders, developing alternative strategies for health ... trials. ICMR's 26 national institutes address themselves to research on specific health topics like tuberculosis, leprosy, ... "Clinical Trials Registry - India: An overview and new developments". Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 50 (4): 208. doi:10.4103/ ...
... design Central composite design Clinical trial Clinical study design Computer experiment Control variable Controlling for a ... The study of the design of experiments is an important topic in metascience. A theory of statistical inference was developed by ... An experimental design or randomized clinical trial requires careful consideration of several factors before actually doing the ... To control for nuisance variables, researchers institute control checks as additional measures. Investigators should ensure ...
All the randomized clinical trials of TM for the control of blood pressure published to date have important methodological ... Evaluation of the evidence from randomized controlled trials". International Journal of Clinical Practice. 63 (7): 1068-1084. ... a systematic review of clinical trials". Journal of Clinical Oncology. 24 (1): 136-140. doi:10.1200/JCO.2005.03.8406. PMC ... A systematic review of randomised clinical trials". International Journal of Clinical Practice (Systematic Review). 62 (6): 947 ...
... she performed a clinical trial across a mixed sampling of her clients. Finding the trial was successful, she introduced the ... control clinic in the Netherlands and the first clinic in the world devoted solely to disseminating information on the topic. ... Her pioneering birth control clinic preceded both Margaret Sanger's and Marie Stopes's clinics in the United States and England ... Both women were deeply involved in the fight for women's suffrage as well as other social issues, including birth control. She ...
... unpublished studies that are reviewed for methodological rigor with special attention to the results of clinical trials. A ... Drafts are also provided to the Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and to all first ... of the advisory board and 10-20 other investigators with relevant clinical or experimental experience with the article's topic ...
... the combination of bicalutamide with a combined birth control pill was evaluated in a phase III clinical trial for the ... Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Endocrinology-Special Topics (in Turkish). 2 (2): 110-2. ISSN 1304-0529. Moretti CG, Guccione L, ... A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 103 (3): 824-838. doi: ... Birth control pills, which contain an estrogen and a progestin, are typically used for this purpose. Moreover, birth control ...
Randomized controlled trial Blind trial Non-blind trial Adaptive clinical trial Platform Trials Nonrandomized trial (quasi- ... Some of the considerations here are shared under the more general topic of design of experiments but there can be others, in ... Clinical study design is the formulation of trials and experiments, as well as observational studies in medical, clinical and ... "Flu, Season, Diseases Affect Trials". Applied Clinical Trials Online. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 26 ...
"VivaGel™ - Clinical trials Under Way". Star Pharma. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 1 April 2018. ... control to fight AIDS. "Research:New vaginal ring borrows from birth control to fight AIDS". Archived from the original on 2010 ... World Health Organization (2002). "HIV/AIDS Topics: Microbicides". Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved August 28, 2006 ... "Microbicide Clinical Trials". AVAC. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2018. Global Campaign for ...
The ability of activated ex vivo NK cells has been a topic of interest for the treatment of tumors. After early clinical trials ... As NK cells are not themselves specific to certain pathways of immune control, they are utilized a majority of the time in ADCC ... The typical ADCC involves activation of NK cells by antibodies in a multi-tiered progression of immune control. A NK cell ... biological evidence and clinical perspectives". Annals of Translational Medicine. 7 (5): 105. doi:10.21037/atm.2019.01.42. ISSN ...
... placebo-controlled clinical trials and a review of over 10 years of postauthorization data". Journal of Pain Research. 10: 2451 ... Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 7 (3): 235-49. doi:10.2174/156802607779941323. PMID 17305567. Kiehl S (March 13, 2005 ... It is approved through much of Europe for short term perioperative pain control. It was patented in 1996 and approved for ... Parecoxib is the first parenteral COX-2 selective inhibitor available for clinical use in pain management. Its first ...
"Stratification in the design of a clinical trial", Controlled Clinical Trials, 1 (4): 355-361, doi:10.1016/0197-2456(81)90040-4 ... "Current research in statistical methodology for clinical trials", Biometrics -- Proceedings of Current Topics in Biostatistics ... "Jerome Cornfield and the methodology of clinical trials", Controlled Clinical Trials, 1 (4): 339-345, doi:10.1016/0197-2456(81) ... "Choosing covariates in the analysis of clinical trials", Controlled Clinical Trials, 10 (4): 161-175, doi:10.1016/0197-2456(89) ...
All articles with topics of unclear notability, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Clinical trials, Psychology ... The MIDAS Trial is a randomized controlled trial in Manchester, England using Motivational Interventions for Drugs & Alcohol ... The trial is, along with the Danish CapOpus trial, among the only trials aimed at this particular group of comorbid substance ... Articles with topics of unclear notability from February 2014, ...
Importantly, clinical trials for the drug in patients with ischemic stroke show it to be effective as well as noninvasive. ... Glutamate antagonists are a hot topic of research. Below are some of the treatments that have promising results for the future ... Glutamate antagonists are the primary treatment used to prevent or help control excitotoxicity in CNS disorders. The goal of ... Over 150 drugs have been tested in clinical trials, leading to the regulatory approval of tissue plasminogen activator in ...
... and quality control procedure The case report form (CRF) is the data collection tool for the clinical trial and can be paper or ... Key topics to cover include the SOPs to be followed, the clinical data management system (CDMS) to be used, description of data ... The clinical data manager plays a key role in the setup and conduct of a clinical trial. The data collected during a clinical ... At the completion of the clinical trial, the clinical data manager ensures that all data expected to be captured has been ...
This equivalence is used when the FDA does not think a full approval process with extensive clinical trials is necessary. The ... When the Environmental Control Administration was transformed into the Environmental Protection Agency in 1971, the Bureau of ... This study was the topic of Congressional hearings re-evaluating FDA procedures and oversight. A study by Dr. Stephanie Fox- ... The law encourages patient diversity in clinical trials submitted to the FDA for review, but does not require it. The study ...
... a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials". European Journal of Clinical Investigation. 44 (4): 429 ... ISBN 978-0-12-396988-0.[page needed] "Electrotherapy - an overview , ScienceDirect Topics". Retrieved ... a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 90 (11): 2322-2330. ... Cullum N, Petherick E (2008). "Pressure ulcers". BMJ Clinical Evidence. 2008. PMC 2907959. PMID 19450317. Barnes R, Shahin Y, ...
From Laboratory to Clinical Trials. Molecules, 24(7), 1251. Navarrete, R. C., Himes, ... In order to control pH, sodium bicarbonate is generally added. The sodium bicarbonate inhibits the autolysis of acetyl groups ... "Sulfite Process - an overview , ScienceDirect Topics". Retrieved 2022-09-08. Whistler, R. L. (1993). ... R. E., & Seheult, J. M. (2000). Applications of Xanthan Gum in Fluid-Loss Control and Related Formation Damage. SPE Permian ...
The MTN's current clinical trial is the Vaginal and Oral Interventions to Control the Epidemic (VOICE) study. Cohen, Jon (28 ... Official website (Articles with topics of unclear notability from June 2019, All articles with topics of unclear notability, ... The Microbicide Trials Network (MTN) is the leading United States government-funded research organization working in the field ... Organization articles with topics of unclear notability, HIV/AIDS organizations in the United States, Medical and health ...
... (born 22 March 1947) is an Italian researcher of clinical rheumatology, immunology and internal medicine. Since ... Ferri has published over 300 scientific papers in international journals that are available via PubMed on the following topics ... Serological studies and therapeutic trials on different rheumatic disorders (rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, systemic sclerosis, ... of parvovirus B19 infections was originally demonstrated in both bone marrow and skin scleroderma patients compared to controls ...
Clinical trial number NCT02669030 for "A Six Week, Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled, Suvorexant Augmentation Study ... Jacobson LH, Chen S, Mir S, Hoyer D (2016). "Orexin OX2 Receptor Antagonists as Sleep Aids". Current Topics in Behavioral ... animal studies and suicidal ideation in clinical trials). More clinical research is needed to determine the place of orexin ... A phase IV clinical trial of suvorexant as an adjunct to antidepressant therapy in people with major depressive disorder and ...
A randomised controlled clinical trial". Rheumatology. 50 (6): 1070-82. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/keq234. PMC 3093927. PMID ... cite journal}}: External link in ,title= (help) "CAMbrella - Communication Platform on topics related to Complementary and ... 2002) "A double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical trial of ultramolecular potencies of house dust mite in asthmatic ... A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled proving trial of Belladonna 30C". British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 56 ( ...
"Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: Is blinding necessary?". Controlled Clinical Trials. 17 (1): 1- ... A researcher conducting a systematic review for example might elect to exclude all papers on the topic with a Jadad score of 3 ... Oct 1999). "Assessing the quality of randomized trials: reliability of the Jadad scale". Controlled Clinical Trials. 20 (5): ... 2007). "The quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials of traditional Chinese medicine". Clinical Therapeutics. 29 (7 ...
... placebo-controlled multicenter trial of combination METhotrexate and intramuscular GOld therapy in rheumatoid arthritis", " ... medical or health words that are not related to the topic of the study, such as ALIVE or RESCUE; and other English words not ... CALERIE ALMANAC PARAMOUNT trial JUPITER trial ASTEROID trial PROVE-IT TIMI 22 RECOVERY trial Lowe, Derek (18 July 2019). " ... Berkwits, Michael (7 November 2000). "CAPTURE! SHOCK! EXCITE! Clinical Trial Acronyms and the "Branding" of Clinical Research ...
... at the time of conducting phase-2 clinical trials. Generally, the PAT initiative from FDA is only one topic within the broader ... The control of a steady state process when you understand the upstream & downstream effects is an easier task as common cause ... Although the FDA's PAT initiative encourages process control based on the real-time acquired data, a small part of PAT ... 2017). "In-line Raman spectroscopic monitoring and feedback control of a continuous twin-screw pharmaceutical powder blending ...
A 2019 review found no controlled trials regarding the efficacy and safety of interventions for vaginal bleeding in women with ... American Society of Clinical Oncology Resource-Stratified Clinical Practice Guideline". Journal of Global Oncology. 2 (5): 311- ... including sensitivity in discussing the topic in Aboriginal communities, embarrassment, anxiety and fear about the procedure. ... The Pap test was integrated into clinical practice in the Nordic countries in the 1960s. In Africa outcomes are often worse as ...
It is most useful for detailed research on specific topics. The complete text of all the documents are online and searchable; ... In doing so, the committee concluded, through blind trials that mesmerism only seemed to work when the subjects expected it, ... In his capacity as a farmer, he wrote at least one critique about the negative consequences of price controls, trade ... International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 50 (4): 332-363. doi:10.1080/00207140208410109. PMID 12362951. ...
Clinical or counseling psychology interns, psychiatric residents, licensed clinical social workers, nurse practitioners, ... Some veterans' advocates recommend that veterans learn how to file claims on their own so that they retain full control over ... and Selected Topics (PDF). The CNA Corporation. p. 4. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved August 23 ... A cluster-randomized trial". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 25 (6): 607-15. doi:10.1002/jts.21759. PMID 23225029. The findings of ...
... a Swedish randomised controlled trial". BJOG. 118 (3): 362-69. doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02800.x. PMID 21134105. Weeks AD ( ... The prevalence of fear of childbirth around the world ranges between 4-25%, with 3-7% of pregnant women having clinical fear of ... and perinatal psychology Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition Unassisted childbirth Vernix caseosa Natural birth topics: ... a randomised controlled trial". The Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 47 (1): 26-30. doi:10.1111/j. ...
A randomized controlled trial". International Journal of Cancer. 137 (2): 471-480. doi:10.1002/ijc.29383. ISSN 1097-0215. PMID ... Key topics include the usage of inflammation inhibitors (e.g., aspirin) in cancer prevention and prognosis. to prevent cancer, ... She leads efforts to advance the impact of HCI's research in laboratory, clinical and population science, with the goal of ... controlled trial of resistance training in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy: results on cancer-related ...
For example, Tomokazu Kishiki and colleagues performed a randomized controlled trial on surgical trainees to determine whether ... A learning goal is a generalized goal to achieve knowledge in a certain topic or field, but it can ultimately lead to better ... Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 34 (8): 643-673. doi:10.1521/jscp.2015.34.8.643. ISSN 0736-7236. Lens, Willy; Paixao ... There is evidence from randomised control trials that goal setting treatments improved executive function, attention/working ...
The clinical guidelines regarding the booster vaccine are to be changed for some people, such as care home workers, to allow ... "Positive trial results for Valneva Covid vaccine". BBC News. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 20 October 2021. "Covid: Is the pace of ... Dr John Nkengasong, director of Africa's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, warns that the UK's policy of not ... On the same topic, Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon uses her Scottish National Party conference speech to urge Prime ...
... a randomized clinical trial. Roberto Seijas, Marta Rius, Oscar Ares, Montserrat García Balletbó, Iván Serra, Ramón Cugat. Knee ... All articles with topics of unclear notability, Biography articles with topics of unclear notability, Articles with hCards, ... November 2013 Controlled, blinded force platform analysis of the effect of intraarticular injection of autologous adipose- ... Issues Encouraging Update on Cell Therapy in ACL Clinical Street Insider. 21 November 2014 Mesenchymal stem cells yield ...
This was the first trial in the U.S. to admit canine DNA. The remains of King Richard III, who died in 1485, were identified by ... Alexeyev MF, Ledoux SP, Wilson GL (October 2004). "Mitochondrial DNA and aging". Clinical Science. 107 (4): 355-64. doi:10.1042 ... ISBN 0-12-147952-8. Syndercombe Court, Denise (24 September 2021). "Mitochondrial DNA in forensic use". Emerging Topics in Life ... citing the desirability of localised control over mitochondrial machinery. Recent analysis of a wide range of mtDNA genomes ...
... and related disorders in a relatively small placebo-controlled clinical trials and is under study in a larger multicenter trial ... Blass's interest in this topic began at NIH, where he described the first hereditary defect in a major enzyme of human ... controlled, "multicenter" clinical trial. He has written and contributed to a number of books including assorted volumes on ... He has also published on clinical aspects of Alzheimer's disease and other causes of cognitive impairment. In recent years Dr. ...
Linked to clinical trials showing antiviral protection in asthma and COPD and the knowledge that SARS CoV-2 has developed ... completed a successful Phase II placebo-controlled trial in COVID-19 and is proceeding to undertake larger international trials ... Topic: Allergic Diseases. Co-winner: Professor Patrick G. Holt (in German) (Pages containing London Gazette template with ... While undertaking this as a Clinical Lecturer at the University of Southampton, concerned with the link between asthma death ...
A meta-analysis and systematic review of randomised controlled trials". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 59: 64-73. doi:10.1016/j. ... Another study on religions and Muslims stated that death is not a taboo topic for them. This could be another reason as to why ... Additionally, there is anxiety caused by death-recent thought-content, which might be classified within a clinical setting by a ... "Additional Lifespan Development Topics" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 2019-08-04. Meyers, Karen; Golden, ...
He peer reviewed articles and co-authored scientific papers on topics such as blood pressure monitoring and control, autonomic ... He served on several data monitoring committees of major clinical trials, including Gusto, ECLA, ASCOT, ADVANCE, EUCLID, MODEST ... as chair of the ISIS group steering committee and the related coronary prevention studies coordinated by the Clinical Trials ... Peter Sleight Dept of Cardiovascular Medicine Oxford, UK, comments on the outcome of the TRANSCEND trial". ...
"A Single-centre Early Phase Randomised Controlled Three-arm Trial of Open, Robotic, and Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy (CORAL ... In 1998, his paper on the topic showed that in people treated with capsaicin instillation, bladder biopsies were normal after ... Summerton, Duncan (November 2020). "Welcome from the Immediate Past-President". Journal of Clinical Urology. 13 (1_suppl): 2. ... Atala, Anthony; Slade, Debra (2012). Bladder Disease: Research Concepts and Clinical Applications. Springer Science & Business ...
Vickers AJ (2007). "Which botanicals or other unconventional anticancer agents should we take to clinical trial?". Journal of ... "WHO Quality Control Methods for Herbal Materials" (PDF). World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 2011. Archived from ... herbalism was one of 17 topics evaluated for which no clear evidence of effectiveness was found. Establishing guidelines to ... Proper double-blind clinical trials are needed to determine the safety and efficacy of each plant before medical use. Although ...
A 2011 clinical study found that comfort women are more prone to showing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), ... These documents were initially made public at the war crimes trial. In one of these, a lieutenant is quoted as confessing to ... In a forensic audit of the comfort women's shelter controlled by Yoon's group, it was found that barely 2.3% of its massive $ ... This led to an intense increase of public interest in the topic as well. In 1993, following multiple testimonies, the Kono ...
In clinical trials involving more than 10,000 people, the vaccine was found to confer protective immunity to Lyme disease in 76 ... A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial". Annals of Internal Medicine. 138 (9): 697-704. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-138 ... "CDC - Lyme Disease - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic". 3 August 2017. Archived from the original on 13 ... "An Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability, Immunogenicity, and Lot-Consistency Clinical Trial of a 6-Valent OspA-Based Lyme Disease ...
A randomized trial of protocol-based care for early septic shock ProCESS Investigators New England Journal of Medicine 2014 370 ... He was named medical director of Clinical Research at College of Health Solutions and is one of the founders of the ... In September of that year, he was part of a study that conducted a test-negative case-control investigation regarding the ... and has also worked as an on-air expert on topics including, public health, opioid crisis, and COVID-19. He was featured in ...
In contrast, control participants were asked to write as objectively and factually as possible about neutral topics (e.g., a ... In a 2016 randomized controlled trial, expressive writing was tested against direction to an online support group for ... Past attempts at implementing expressive writing interventions in clinical settings indicate that there are potential benefits ... a multicenter randomized controlled trial". Supportive Care in Cancer. 29 (2): 1091-1101. doi:10.1007/s00520-020-05590-y. PMID ...
In order to foil any plans for a coup d'état, the president took control of the military and police, reducing their numbers ... As a result, in September 1938, his clinical director demanded that he choose between his job as a doctor and his involvement ... Between 120 and 200 secret trials were held in Yamoussoukro, in which key political figures-including Mockey and the president ... a large number of colonial topics were left in which the executive could govern by decree, and supervision over the colonial ...
In medicine, a stepped-wedge trial (or SWT) is a type of randomised controlled trial (RCT). An RCT is a scientific experiment ... Hussey MA, Hughes JP (February 2007). "Design and analysis of stepped wedge cluster randomized trials". Contemporary Clinical ... In 2016, the first international conference dedicated to the topic was held at the University of York. Wang, Mei; Jin, Yanling ... Torgerson D (2015). "Stepped Wedge Randomized Controlled Trials". Trials. 16: 350. Retrieved 17 February 2017. "First ...
... recommend not using the proposed treatment outside clinical trials until its effectiveness is confirmed by controlled studies. ... McFarland Health Topics. ISBN 978-0-7864-8628-1. (All pages needing factual verification, Wikipedia articles needing factual ... "Health minister rejects MS therapy trial". CBC News. 2 September 2010. Weeks C (29 June 2011). "Ottawa to fund clinical trials ... The health minister accepted the CIHR recommendation and said that Canada was not going to fund clinical trials. The expert ...
... "pending determination of patient selection criteria and the outcome of carefully controlled clinical trials, a cautious ... Scholia has a topic profile for Deep brain stimulation. Appleby BS, Duggan PS, Regenberg A, Rabins PV (September 2007). " ... DBS has been used in a small number of clinical trials to treat people with severe treatment-resistant depression (TRD). A ... DBS has been studied in clinical trials as a potential treatment for chronic pain for various affective disorders, including ...
... placebo-controlled trial". Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 88 (6): 2586-92. doi:10.1210/jc.2002-030003. PMID ... ScienceDirect Topics". Retrieved 2021-05-06. Surgical Treatment of Perforated Peptic Ulcer at eMedicine ... a prospective controlled trial". Annals of Surgery. 196 (3): 338-44. doi:10.1097/00000658-198209000-00013. PMC 1352612. PMID ... Williams DL, Grill HJ, Cummings DE, Kaplan JM (December 2003). "Vagotomy dissociates short- and long-term controls of ...
... the evidence on this topic is currently limited and weak," and noted that only a few randomized trials had been conducted on ... Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care - Gluten-free and casein-free diets in the therapy of autism (2015) This ... Knivsberg, A.M.; Reichelt, K.L.; Høien, T.; Nødland, M. (2002). "A Randomised, Controlled Study of Dietary Intervention in ... American Academy of Pediatrics - Clinical Report (2007) In their report, the AAP did not recommend the use of special diets for ...
PARP inhibitor olaparib is an approved breast/ovarian cancer drug that is undergoing clinical trials. Also in trials for CRPC ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention endorsed USPSTF's conclusion. The American Society of Clinical Oncology and the ... "Gleason Score - an overview , ScienceDirect Topics". Retrieved 2022-04-28. Epstein JI, Egevad L, Amin MB ... American Society of Clinical Oncology Provisional Clinical Opinion". Journal of Clinical Oncology. 30 (24): 3020-3025. doi: ...
In a 90-day bed rest trial, a 26% ± 7 decline in the CSA of the calf muscle was observed. This rate of decline is consistent ... More recent studies on this topic clearly suggest that the type IIx MHC, which is a faster isoform than the IIa type, is more ... In such studies, plasma insulin levels have increased up to four-fold compared to those of control subjects, and blood glucose ... Clinical Science. 70 (2): 207-10. doi:10.1042/cs0700207. PMID 3956111. Berg, HE; Dudley, GA; Hather, B; Tesch, PA (July 1993 ...
... the brain and spinal cord contain extensive circuitry to control the autonomic nervous system which controls the movement of ... Several topics that might be covered here are instead covered there because much more can be said about them in a human context ... This precision is not built-in but learned by trial and error. The muscle coordination learned while riding a bicycle is an ... ISBN 978-0-7817-8383-5. Swaab, Dick F. (2003). The Human Hypothalamus - Basic and Clinical Aspects: Nuclei of the human ...
1974 that the trial was to be held in Santa Rosa. Shortly prior to the commencement of their trial, on June 4, Gretzler agreed ... By the early hours of October 23, Steelman had become resentful of Mestites' discussions relating to topics such as white magic ... Armstrong then climbed into the passenger seat of his Pontiac Firebird as Gretzler took control of the vehicle. Moments after ... The first to testify was clinical psychologist Dr. Irvin Roy, who outlined several Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale tests he ...
... controlled clinical trials..." Some of the criticism regarding pseudoscience focused on Netflix. Other critics concluded that ... Topics and the series' presentation have been criticized as pseudoscientific. Prior to each episode, there is a disclaimer: " ... research studies and clinical trials have been conducted that involve LSD, psilocybin and other substances that we usually ... Some of the episodes are even helpful... the half-hour installments, which each focus on a specific wellness topic and recruit ...
Meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials JAMA. 1997 May 28;277(20):1624-32. doi: 10.1001/jama.1997.03540440058033 ... Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic * Sodium / urine * Statistics as Topic Substances * Sodium ... Study selection: Thirty-three randomized controlled trials (2609 participants) in which potassium supplementation was the only ... Results: By means of a random-effects model, findings from individual trials were pooled, after results for each trial were ...
Randomized Controlled Trials. Immunosuppression. Adult. Chronic Disease. Dermatologic Agents. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged ... MedlinePlus related topics: Psoriasis Drug Information available for: Voclosporin Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center ... Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study of ISA247 in Plaque Psoriasis (SPIRIT). The safety and scientific validity of this study is ... Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Papp K, Bissonnette R, Rosoph L ...
A placebo-controlled study of probenecid-treated patients ... Clinical Trials as Topic * Colchicine / therapeutic use* * Gout ... A placebo-controlled study of probenecid-treated patients Arthritis Rheum. 1974 Sep-Oct;17(5):609-14. doi: 10.1002/art. ...
Clinical trials. Learn about our clinical trials and find available studies. *Merck Manuals. Medical information source ... placebo-controlled, phase 3 study. ... covering thousands of topics in all fields of medicine. ... Clinical trials *Clinical trials overview. *Find a trial. *Diversity in clinical trials ...
Exploratory Grants in Cancer Control (R21 Clinical Trial Optional) NOT-CA-22-105. NCI ... Research topics may include, but are not limited to, the following:. *Identifying, assessing, and/or testing the effects of ... Notice of Change to PAR-21-341, Exploratory Grants in Cancer Control (R21 Clinical Trial Optional) ... PAR-21-341 - Exploratory Grants in Cancer Control (R21 Clinical Trial Optional) ...
Weight Control: MedlinePlus Health Topic (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish ... Clinical Trials * Cardiac Rehabilitation (National Institutes of Health) Journal Articles References and ... High Blood Pressure: MedlinePlus Health Topic (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish ...
In view of these properties, a number of international clinical trials on the topic are currently ongoing. ... A multicenter randomized controlled trial for ozone autohemotherapy in the treatment of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) ... A randomized controlled trial for the efficacy of ozonated autohemotherapy in the treatment of Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia ( ... Identifier: NCT04366089. Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified April 2020 by Roberto Poscia MD, PhD, Azienda ...
Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic [‎1]‎. Cooperative Behavior [‎3]‎. Coronavirus Infections [‎56]‎. ...
... does this prove that ACE inhibitor benefits extend beyond blood pressure control? ... Final Programme: Late clinical trials and medical practice (Hot Topics).. *. Dahlof B, Gosse P, Gueret O, et al, on behalf of ... seems to induce clinical benefits beyond the effects on blood pressure control. ... Help us make reference on Medscape the best clinical resource possible. Please use this form to submit your questions or ...
What is already known about this topic?. Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in a controlled ... Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing mild and severe COVID-19 in a controlled ... However, clinical trials are not designed to assess the population impact of vaccination in a real-world setting (1,2). Israel ... Polack FP, Thomas SJ, Kitchin N, et al.; C4591001 Clinical Trial Group. Safety and efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 ...
Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic. dc.subject.mesh. Drug Costs. dc.subject.mesh. Drug Users. ...
Clinical trials in British medicine 1858 - 1948, with special reference to the development of the randomised controlled trial. ... Topics. Essays. Records. Articles. ABOUT. What is a fair test?. About the Library. Building the Library. Using the Library. ... Why the MRC Therapeutic Trials Committee didnt introduce controlled clinical trials. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history ... placebo-controlled trial. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 241 ...
In randomized, controlled clinical trials, the per-patient incidences of NCI-CTC. ... In randomized, controlled clinical trials, the per-patient incidences of NCI-CTC Grade 3-4 neutropenia and of febrile ... In randomized, controlled clinical trials, the per-patient incidences of NCI-CTC Grade 3-4 neutropenia and of febrile ... If you look at the one study, only one clinical trial reported about the 23 versus 10 milligram Aricept. The results were ...
3-armed multi-centre trial, with clinical sites in Germany, Romania, Moldova, Georgia, Mozambique, and South Africa. All ... 330 patients with RIF-R TB and baseline risk factors for poor outcome will be enrolled in a randomized, controlled, ... If successful, this groundbreaking project will increase Europes capacity to control RIF-R-TB by developing new treatments ... Both candidates are supported by data from preclinical and clinical studies. Co-primary efficacy endpoints will examine effects ...
3C: A CAMPATH, Calcineurin inhibitor reduction and Chronic allograft nephropathy trial * ASCEND: A Study of Cardiovascular ... ATLAS: International ATLAS (Adjuvant Tamoxifen Longer Against Shorter) Breast Cancer Treatment Trial ...
State-of-the-art design of closed-loop glycemic control systems .Results of recently conducted clinical trials .Clinical Trial ... Session topics will include: • State-of-the-art design of closed-loop glycemic control systems • Results of recently conducted ... clinical trialsClinical Trial design, including how to define success and failures of a closed-loop system • Algorithms and ... World-renowned experts will present information on key topics in the development of artificial pancreas during sessions that ...
These include managing the side effects of cancer treatment, controlling pain, understanding clinical trials, ... The NCCS website provides comprehensive information on a wide range of cancer topics. ... Livestrong and Eli Lilly and Company Honor Clinical Trials Participants. Austin, TX - On March 10, the Livestrong Foundation ...
... and randomized controlled health IT related clinical trials and clinical studies. Research projects addressing emergent issues ... Other topics reviewed in this study section include technology assessment, application of information sciences, dissemination ... systematic evaluation of clinical interventions; randomized controlled trials and clinical studies; quality of life/ ... Research infrastructure applications are also reviewed in this study section and demonstrations and evaluations in topics ...
Introduction to sample size determination and power analysis for clinical trials. Control Clin Trials 1981;2: 93-113. ... What is already known on this topic. Cannabinoids reduce hyperalgesia in animal models of neuropathic, inflammatory, and cancer ... Controlled-release oxycodone for pain in diabetic neuropathy: a randomized controlled trial. Neurology 2003;60: 927-34. ... Analgesic effect of the synthetic cannabinoid CT-3 on chronic neuropathic pain: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2003;290: ...
Methods of Controlling Bias in Clinical Trials eModule Sources of R and D Funding eModule ...
Fei Ye on Phase II clinical trials - traditional approaches, part of a collection of multimedia lectures. ... Phase II trials are often single arm but it can also be controlled with a standard treatment arm or a placebo arm. Phase II ... Topics Covered. *Frequentist methods. *Non-adaptive trial design. *Single stage single outcome design ... Other Talks in the Series: Adaptive Clinical Trial Design. Adaptive clinical trials: overview 1 Adaptive clinical trials: ...
The inclusion criteria were publications in English from July 2009-19 (10 years); controlled clinical trials; studies with ... case-control studies, case studies, and studies that were not directly linked to the topic. ... 30 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research Retrospective Evaluation of Hematological and Clinical Factors Associated with 30-Day Mortality ... Only 1 of the studies controlled for age. This difference between the control and study groups is a confounding factor that can ...
Dive into the research topics of Efficacy of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in adults: Meta-analysis of controlled ... T1 - Efficacy of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in adults: Meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials of higher and lower ... Efficacy of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in adults: Meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials of higher and lower ... Efficacy of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in adults: Meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials of higher and lower ...
... controlled clinical trial.. OBX CEO Dave Neundorfer released a statement about providing scientific evidence that will help ... Although there are many studies being conducted regularly on the vast topic of medical cannabis, few are conducted as a blind, ... A clinical-grade vaccine could be available in the coming months with clinical trials on humans soon. ... Home Study Results From One of the Largest Clinical Trials on Cannabinoids, Pain Treatment Published ...
In randomized, controlled clinical trials, the per-patient incidences of NCI-CTC Grade 3-4 neutropenia and of febrile ...Гёpe-apo-baclofen-no-resept-nГёdvendig/. in road a thinking and for United ... controlled+clinical+trials%2C+the+per-patient+incidences+of+NCI-CTC+Grade+3-4+neutropenia+and+of+febrile+neutropenia+were+ ... If you look at the one study, only one clinical trial reported about the 23 versus 10 milligram Aricept. The results were ...
It has been two years since I wrote on womens healthcare and three important topics impacting women; clinical trials done ... defined by the Centers for Disease Control). However, the issue is more than providing an avenue for care. ... When I wrote on this one topic, I covered a story of a delivery that cost the life of the mother during a successful birthing ... without women participants, a failing birth control device - Essure, and maternal healthcare. The Health Affairs article is ...
AIDS Clinical Trials Group TB Transformative Science Group research priorities and agenda. Bethesda, MD: AIDS Clinical Trials ... The TB-PRACTECAL trial is a randomized, controlled, open-label, phase II/III trial. It will evaluate the safety and efficacy of ... * [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National ... A few other trials seek to improve MDR-TB treatment without new drugs. STREAM I, a randomized controlled trial comparing a nine ...
  • The USPSTF's findings, along with news about the role of vitamins in other conditions, resulted in this week's top trending clinical topic. (
  • Important new management guidelines and information about a potentially serious associated risk helped make Tourette syndrome this week's top trending clinical topic. (
  • The concerted effort to provide the best, most comprehensive care for these patients has been met with much attention, as is evident by Tourette syndrome being this week's top trending clinical topic. (
  • 1 Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md, USA. (
  • Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 76:65-75. (
  • Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 50:410-410. (
  • Departments of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and of Medicine (Guyatt), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont. (
  • She also has experience in infection control having spent six years at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in the Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control Department. (
  • Thirty-three randomized controlled trials (2609 participants) in which potassium supplementation was the only difference between the intervention and control conditions. (
  • RESULTS: We included 22 trials involving 101 507 participants: 11 trials reported on presumptive pneumococcal pneumonia, 19 on all-cause pneumonia and 12 on all-cause mortality. (
  • clinical trials done without women participants, a failing birth control device - Essure, and maternal healthcare. (
  • The participants reviewed the current measures that are regularly used in clinical trials, previous controlled clinical trials and the challenges to developing effective therapeutics and diagnostics for AS going forward. (
  • The new findings come from the prospective Diabetes Prevention With Active Vitamin D (DPVD) trial of more than 1200 Japanese participants with impaired glucose tolerance. (
  • The authors only considered systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials on the treatment of tics that included at least 20 participants, except for neurostimulation trials. (
  • At variance to RCTs, real life trials have high generalizability, but low internal validity. (
  • The role of such studies is becoming a hot topic in respiratory medicine, attracting research interest and debate.In the first part of this review we discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of different types of RCTs and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of real life trials, considering the recent examples of some studies conducted in COPD. (
  • Systematic review and meta-analysis, including randomised controlled trials (RCTs). (
  • Acupuncture has been shown to reduce preoperative anxiety in several previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). (
  • therefore, we sought to summarize and critically assess evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). (
  • Combining single patient (N-of-1) trials to estimate population treatment effects and to evaluate individual patient responses to treatment. (
  • The overall objective of a phase II clinical trial is to evaluate both efficacy and safety. (
  • We sought to evaluate the vaccine's efficacy on clinical outcomes as well as the methodologic quality of the trials. (
  • He has written extensively on this subject, especially on choice of control group in clinical trials, evaluation and interpretation of active control trials, trials to evaluate dose-response, and trials using "enrichment" designs to help improve efficiency. (
  • The COMS is a multicenter randomized trial investigations - sponsored by The National Eye Institute and The National Cancer Institute - designed to evaluate therapeutic interventions for patients who. (
  • Objective: to synthesize the knowledge and to critically evaluate the evidences arising from randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of the complementary therapies in the management of cancer pain in adult patients with cancer in palliative care. (
  • Section develops educational materials mized clinical trials to evaluate the income countries (LMICs). (
  • Behavioral research addresses key psychosocial and behavioral targets across the cancer control continuum, from prevention to end-of-life care. (
  • and 3.6 million high school and middle school students now use e-cigarettes, according to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data released late last year, NBC News reported. (
  • and Co-principal investigator of the Emory−Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV Clinical Trials Unit. (
  • I am Commander Ibad Khan and I'm representing the Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity, COCA, with the Emergency Risk Communication Branch at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • Her projects focus on studies of influenza antiviral treatment and antiviral effectiveness, vaccine effectiveness, pandemic preparedness, and development of CDC clinical guidance related to treatment and prevention of seasonal and novel influenza viruses. (
  • Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. (
  • LMICs in the context of cancer control, in the number of doses for more effectiveness of cancer prevention and conducts clinical and screening trials, affordable and logistically feasible pro- early detection interventions to guide and conducts implementation and health grammes. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (
  • Neither the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor the National Prevention Information Network endorses the organizations, Website s, and materials presented. (
  • Randomized controlled trials, of drowning through improvements in treatment and observational studies, case series, and review articles prevention. (
  • Given that infections are amenable to prevention, such estimates are key indicators for cancer control. (
  • In this lecture I will introduce some traditional methods which are based on Frequentist approach in designing a phase II clinical trial. (
  • METHODS: We searched several databases and all bibliographies of reviews and meta-analyses for clinical trials that compared pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine with a control. (
  • Methods and tools for identifying, assessing, mitigating and controlling risk in business and engineering design activities. (
  • Modern methods of contraception include oral contraceptives (such as birth control pills), contraceptive vaginal rings, condoms, intrauterine devices (also called IUDs), injectable and implantable products, and sterilization. (
  • It is also important to discuss birth control methods with one's sexual partner. (
  • Some forms of birth control combine methods, such as IUDs that also release hormones. (
  • This edited book presents a variety of technologies with applications in telemedicine, originating from the fields of biomedical sensors, wireless sensor networking, computer-aided diagnosis methods, signal and image processing and analysis, automation and control, virtual and augmented reality, multivariate analysis, and data acquisition devices. (
  • Material and Methods: 20 volunteers were included in a split-mouth controlled clinical trial. (
  • We performed a systematic literature search using MEDLINE (via Ovid), EMBASE (via Ovid) and the Cochrane Controlled Clinical trials register databases, published from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2019. (
  • This is an interventional, non-pharmacological, open, randomized, prospective, non-profit study on the adjuvant use of oxygen ozone therapy plus probiotic supplementation in the early control of disease progression in patients with COVID-19. (
  • 330 patients with RIF-R TB and baseline risk factors for poor outcome will be enrolled in a randomized, controlled, 3-armed multi-centre trial, with clinical sites in Germany, Romania, Moldova, Georgia, Mozambique, and South Africa. (
  • 28 29 A large multicentre randomised placebo controlled study including 630 multiple sclerosis patients found an improvement in pain after 15 weeks of treatment with cannabinoids (oral δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or cannabis extract). (
  • Another randomised placebo controlled single patient crossover study including 24 patients with neurogenic symptoms (18 multiple sclerosis patients) found that extract of whole plant cannabis (δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol)administered by sublingual spray improved pain. (
  • Moreover, when a whistleblower as-serted that Pfizer had "falsified data, unblinded patients, employed inadequately trained vac-cinators, and was slow to follow up on adverse events reported in Pfizer's pivotal phase III trial," 3 rather than investigate those claims, the FDA fought in court to conceal Pfizer's pharmacovigilance reports for seventy-five years. (
  • The company's spurious and criminal activities have been going on for years, including lying to get approval for malfunctioning heart valves that killed hundreds of patients worldwide, 7 conducting clinical trials on African children without their parents' consent (after which some of the children died), 8 bribing doctors, 9 suppressing research, manipulating studies, withholding information that its products caused cancer, fraudulent marketing and more. (
  • Spearheaded by Dr. Jodi Cook (Agilis Vice President of Operations & Strategic Alliances) and Dr. Edwin Weeber (Chief Scientific Officer, USF Health Byrd Alzheimer's Institute, USF and a leading AS researcher), the open-forum event addressed topics important to patients, families and caregivers, such as communication and vocalization assessments, sleep and circadian rhythm measures, seizure assessments, movement and gait measures, and retrospective data analysis. (
  • Among the topics discussed were the differences between FUT and FUE hair transplants, updates on robotic hair transplant technology, the type of procedure most beneficial for Asian patients, criteria that determine candidacy for a hair transplant, and more. (
  • Read for some select quotes on a wide range of topics related to hair loss in women and treatments for female patients with androgenetic alopecia (common genetic hair loss). (
  • Interestingly, a recent large randomised controlled trial (RCT) assigning 2983 patients to either zero-balance or liberal strategy showed comparable disability-free survival outcome, although the zero-balance approach was associated with a higher rate of acute kidney injury [ 16 ]. (
  • In the clinical trial, there's usually a comparison between the treatment and a similar group of patients who don't get any treatment. (
  • COMPASS Pathways has contracted with Worldwide Clinical Trials as its CRO for its first ever large-scale randomized, controlled trials, covering 400 patients with treatment-resistant depression in eight countries. (
  • The trial enrolled 1063 patients, although it's not clear on how many we have data yet. (
  • Remdesivir-treated patients recovered after 11 days, compared to 15 days in the placebo control group. (
  • Additional follow-up of these patients and others in the trial on which we don't yet have outcome data could change these results in favor or against the drug. (
  • For years, potential therapies that attack this brain protein have failed to help patients in clinical trials. (
  • In this phase III trial, 770 patients with clinical stage I-II Hodgkin's disease (HD) have been enrolled since November 1988. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: A controlled clinical trial comparing the diuretic ethacrynic acid and furosemide in patients with congestive heart failure. (
  • Works about clinical trials involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. (
  • When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trials are characterized as RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC . (
  • Furthermore, survival outcomes by specific treatment type extend knowledge about the effectiveness of drug regimens among all patients, not just those eligible for clinical trials. (
  • Patients in both trials continued to show virologic suppression at the conclusion of each study, and no clinically relevant change from baseline in CD4+ cell counts was observed," the FDA said. (
  • Does quality of reports of randomised trials affect estimates of intervention efficacy reported in meta-analyses? (
  • BACKGROUND: Clinical trials and meta-analyses have produced conflicting results of the efficacy of unconjugated pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in adults. (
  • If successful, this groundbreaking project will increase Europe's capacity to control RIF-R-TB by developing new treatments that increase the likelihood of cure and reduce the risk of life-long disability. (
  • You're intending to learn something from the trial that you're using treatments in and people have to volunteer to be in the trial. (
  • But clinical trials can also compare two treatments, see whether one treatment is better than another in ways that you didn't necessarily anticipate. (
  • The current 23-valent vaccine was used in 8 trials. (
  • Review of safety monitoring data found that 97% of reported reactions after vaccine receipt were nonserious, consistent with preauthorization clinical trials data. (
  • Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. (
  • Help us make reference on Medscape the best clinical resource possible. (
  • The purpose of this Notice is to inform the applicant community of changes to the Scientific Research Objectives in the Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) PAR-21-341 - Exploratory Grants in Cancer Control (R21 Clinical Trial Optional). (
  • Through this funding opportunity announcement (FOA), the National Cancer Institute (NCI) encourages the submission of exploratory/developmental research grant (R21) applications that focus on different aspects of cancer control by modifying behavior, screening, and understanding etiologic factors contributing to the development of cancer, and developing ways to control cancer. (
  • The overarching goal is to provide support to promote the early and conceptual stages of research efforts on novel scientific ideas that have the potential to substantially advance population-based cancer research, such as the development of novel techniques, agents, methodologies, models, or applications that could have a major impact on a field of cancer research (e.g. epidemiologic, biomedical, behavioral, health care delivery or clinical). (
  • Therefore, the evaluation of new resources, designed in the first instance for other pathologies but potentially active against COVID-19, represents a priority in clinical research. (
  • Dive into the research topics of 'Randomized controlled trials and real life studies. (
  • Specifically, in regard to COVID-19, Dr. del Rio has conducted research, developed policies, and written scientific publications on this topic. (
  • To shed some light on clinical trials, I am joined by Dr. Bob Temple, a key leader in American medicine who currently serves as Senior Advisor for Clinical Science in FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. (
  • Basically, it's worth remembering that clinical trials are research studies. (
  • You'll gain knowledge and hands-on experience of clinical and laboratory procedures used in diagnostics and medical research and development. (
  • As if the fear of potentially lethal clinical trials wasn't enough to make you swear off pharmaceuticals forever try this: an association of clinical research organizations rose up in protest against a new regime of government regulations that allow regulators to reject clinical trial proposals without providing any explanation. (
  • From grappling with a never-ending list of conflicting national requirements to dealing with numerous technical issues, a research project manager at Norway's Oslo University Hospital talks about the hiccups faced by their multinational COVID-19 platform trial that was among the first studies submitted for approval under the EU Clinical Trial Regulation. (
  • Gupta Informed Consent in Clinical Research In the last five-six decades recognition of the moral right of research subjects to make their own choice or to self-determine or decide on the research. (
  • The gastric cancer research rational cancer control policies, with a economics research. (
  • The mandate of the STAG includes providing advice on (i) progress towards achieving the goals of the global plan to control NTDs, (ii) challenges to the global plan to control NTDs, (iii) intersectoral activities and initiatives related to NTD control, (iv) monitoring and evaluation of control activities and (v) research and development to support the control of NTDs. (
  • The trial will begin in the first quarter of 2018 and is planned to include clinical sites in Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and the UK. (
  • Adaptative Clinical Trials as Topic and Equivalence Trials as Topic are available for 2018. (
  • Clinical studies evaluating the analgesic action of cannabinoidsin humans are sparse. (
  • [ 16 ] The timing and type of decompression procedure and selected use and optimal dosing of perioperative corticosteroids have also been widely reported but have not been validated by controlled outcome trials. (
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 241 Investigators. (
  • Currently, she is working with Roy Anderson on modelling control and elimination strategies for neglected tropical diseases. (
  • The most appropriate method of birth control depends on an individual's overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, desire to have children in the future, and family history of certain diseases. (
  • MSc Georgina Askeland at Institute of Clinical Medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: "The role of the microbiome in neurodegenerative diseases. (
  • Hot Topics of the Day are picked by experts to capture the latest information and publications on public health genomics and precision health for various diseases and health topics. (
  • Artificial intelligence has the potential to revolutionize healthcare, yet clinical trials in neurological diseases continue to rely on subjective, semiquantitative and motivation-dependent endpoints for drug development. (
  • WHO, its Member States and partners give the highest priority to containing the threat of emerging and re- emerging infectious diseases, together with efforts to eradicate diseases such as dracunculiasis and poliomyelitis and controlling major neglected tropical diseases. (
  • This Publication Type is a child to Randomized Controlled Trial in the MeSH tree hierarchy. (
  • The one-day symposium, held on March 7, 2016 focused on the advent of reliable markers and clinical measures of Angelman syndrome (AS) for the development, evaluation and registration of innovative diagnostics and therapeutics. (
  • This course will give students a broad overview of current basic cancer biology, highlight recent advances in cancer therapeutics, and provide a clinical perspective of the pathogenesis and treatment of common cancers. (
  • Feasibility of surgical randomised controlled trials with a placebo arm: a systematic review. (
  • Phase II trials are often single arm but it can also be controlled with a standard treatment arm or a placebo arm. (
  • The article also discusses the recommended dosage of Rogaine, a comparison of Rogaine and Propecia, when a patient can expect to see results of medical treatment of hair loss, and other related topics. (
  • Rare cannabinoids are present in a variety of health and wellness products containing cannabis and hemp, but there has been virtually no clinical data on their effectiveness for any medical condition, including pain. (
  • We then discuss methodological approaches and options to overcome some of the limitations of real life studies.Comparing the conclusions of effectiveness and efficacy trials can provide important pieces of information. (
  • The evaluation of the effectiveness of HPV vaccination in LMIC settings is crucial, to understand the best implementation strategies, inform cancer control programmes, and sustain stakeholders' long-term commitment to HPV vaccination. (
  • N of 1 trials can be aggregated to generate group mean treatment effects: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (
  • Empirical Evidence of Study Design Biases in Randomized Trials: Systematic Review of Meta-Epidemiological Studies. (
  • Use of placebo controls in the evaluation of surgery: systematic review. (
  • The HPRA acknowledges the impact of COVID-19 on the health system and broader society, and the impact it may have on clinical trials and subjects. (
  • Subjects enrolled in certain clinical trials may be determined as at risk groups. (
  • Trials involving immunosuppressant therapies may also increase the risk of COVID-19 to subjects. (
  • Clinical study in which a prospectively planned opportunity is included to modify trial designs and hypotheses based on analysis of data from subjects in the study. (
  • Sexually active women of childbearing potential or less than 1 year post-menopausal and sexually active men who are not surgically sterile must use a reliable form of birth control during study treatment and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study drug. (
  • In addition to clinical examinations, electrocardiograms and blood pressure, heart rate, and laboratory assessments and M-mode echocardiographic determinations were performed for selection, at baseline, after 24 weeks, and at the end of the study (52 weeks). (
  • Influence of reported study design characteristics on intervention effect estimates from randomized controlled trials. (
  • If you look at the one study, only one clinical trial reported about the 23 versus 10 milligram Aricept. (
  • The results of a clinical study were announced on June 15 . (
  • Conducted by Radicle Science and Open Book Extracts (OBX), the study claims to be one of the largest cannabinoid trials to focus on pain treatment. (
  • These challenges could have an impact on the conduct of trials, such as the completion of study assessments, completion of study visits and the provision of IMP. (
  • A range of open-source models are used to project the expected impact of cervical cancer control measures and to study phenomena that cannot be investigated exclusively on the basis of empirical data. (
  • The PAPRICA study is an educational intervention based on a behavioural change model among general practitioners in Lyon, France, aiming to increase knowledge and positive attitudes towards HPV vaccination ( ). (
  • Both candidates are supported by data from preclinical and clinical studies. (
  • Although there are many studies being conducted regularly on the vast topic of medical cannabis, few are conducted as a blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. (
  • Randomized controlled trials and real life studies. (
  • Researchers from the Harvard Medical School surveyed five clinical studies designed to measure the effects of low-level light laser therapy (LLLT) on androgenic alopecia in both men and women. (
  • But the results have not been peer-reviewed, the standard procedure for scientific studies, nor have they been replicated by other scientists, something typically required for a drug to be accepted into clinical practice. (
  • The European Medicines Agency believes that a scientific guideline on clinical trials incorporating a platform design is needed because such studies are expected to play an increasingly important role in future marketing authorization applications. (
  • In the meta-analysis data were included from RCT studies in which groups receiving preoperative acupuncture treatment were compared with control groups receiving a placebo for anxiety. (
  • Data monitoring in clinical trials : a case studies approach / David L. DeMets, Curt D. Furberg, Lawrence M. Friedman, editors. (
  • However, despite the efficacy of tDCS, some methodological differences were found among the studies, indicating the need for well-designed and controlled studies to confirm the true potential of tDCS for ASD treatment. (
  • If no relevant studies were identified, recom- hospital and emergency medical care settings, with parti- mendations were based on the panel's clinical experience cular focus on the wilderness context. (
  • EPR is involved in studies of H. pylori eradication to prevent gastric cancer, most notably the HELPER trial, nested within the National Cancer Screening Program of the Republic of Korea. (
  • [ 3 ] Goal blood pressure was 140/90 mm Hg, and no other antihypertensive therapy was given during either of the 2 arms of the trial. (
  • Innovative trial designs are attempting to shorten treatment for drug-sensitive TB (DS-TB), and improved preventive therapy for TB, including for MDR-TB, is progressing. (
  • Dr. Temple has a long-standing interest in the design and conduct of clinical trials. (
  • Topics include membrane structure and function, mechanisms of protein localization in cells, secretion and endocytosis, the cytoskeleton, cell adhesion, cell signaling and the regulation of cell growth. (
  • Topics include protein structure and function, DNA and chromosome structure, DNA replication, RNA transcription and its regulation, RNA processing, and protein synthesis. (
  • to provide infrastructure for narrowing the gap between basic biomedical knowledge and clinical application of novel technologies, and to cross-fertilize and partner with stakeholders in order to identify and overcome the clinical and scientific challenges to the development of an artificial pancreas. (
  • This disease is characterized by a lack of early warning signs, diverse clinical manifestations (see Presentation), and resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. (
  • [ 21 ] Lack of a prospective large-scale clinical trial perpetuates controversy as to the optimal treatment for traumatic optic neuropathy. (
  • Prospective trials are also needed in the second step to prove the clinical benefits of the app. (
  • By means of a random-effects model, findings from individual trials were pooled, after results for each trial were weighted by the inverse of its variance. (
  • The results for all-cause mortality in double-blind trials were similar to those in all trials combined. (
  • But this week, for the first time, a ray of hope has shone through the fog of despair: preliminary results from a trial of the antiviral drug remdesivir suggest benefits in treating a disease that has already taken the lives of almost a quarter of a million people worldwide. (
  • At a minimum, the preliminary results could be published on NIH's own website,, which is a repository of ongoing clinical trials, and submitted to a medical journal forthwith. (
  • Unfortunately, even with more documents in hand, we will never have any meaningful long-term safety data because, after two months, Pfizer unblinded and destroyed its control group by offering placebo recipients the injections. (
  • These data were generated the old-fashioned way: by painstaking randomized, controlled trials, in this case funded by the US government. (
  • The topic includes the use of videoconferencing, mentorship during surgical procedures, or machine-to-machine communication to process data from one location by programmes running in another. (
  • Suvarna In January 2015, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) [sup][1] issued a consensus, peer-reviewed, publicly available report that recommends how to promote responsible clinical trial data sharing. (
  • These are headings are used for the general design, methodology, and economics of the trials. (
  • Our therapies are engineered to impart sustainable clinical benefits, and potentially a functional cure, by inducing persistent expression of a therapeutic gene. (
  • In the topic Groups and therapeutic communication techniques, the intervention-IG gro. (
  • The RR for all-cause mortality was 0.97 (95% CI 0.87-1.09), with moderate heterogeneity between trials (I(2) = 44%, p = 0.053). (
  • We conducted this trial to address the impact of restrictive vs. liberal fluid approaches on overall postoperative complications and mortality. (
  • One of the and conducts training activities for impact of Helicobacter pylori eradication principles that guide the work is the search cancer control. (
  • The MEDLINE, and Google Scholar using a keyword search goal of these practice guidelines is to reduce the burden appropriate to each topic. (
  • Priorities include basic behavioral and psychosocial science, interventions in cancer control areas such as tobacco use, diet, and energy balance, sun protection, and processes and effects of communication and informatics. (
  • Topics include successfully bringing large-scale systems to completion on schedule and on budget, modeling, and cost estimating techniques, risk and variability. (
  • Additional topics to be discussed in the course will include cell structure and function, as well as correlates to cellular and molecular pathology. (
  • If blood pressure control was not achieved with these doses, they were gradually increased to perindopril 4 mg/indapamide 1.25 mg or enalapril 20 mg, then to perindopril 8 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg or enalapril 40 mg. (
  • Suppose we have already established a reasonably safe targeted dose or a series of doses from phase I trials. (
  • Long-term follow-up shows that a single dose is as protective as two or three doses against persistent HPV16/18 infections ( ). (
  • Edition, should be a useful textbook with a target audience of immunolo- lists the required and recommended for travel medicine physicians and gists, microbiologists, clinical trial vaccinations for each country. (
  • MD Bendik Christian Brinchmann at Institute of Clinical Medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: Mechanistic insight into the vascular effects of diesel exhaust particles. (
  • Cecilie Hasselø Thaulow at Institute of Clinical Medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: Hvordan redusere dødsfall som følge av opioidoverdoser? (
  • Nora Johansen at Institute of clinical medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: "The role of testosterone in menopausal hormone treatment. (
  • Liv Hesstvedt at Institute of Clinical Medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: The emergence of Candida auris: Challenges and opportunities for diagnostics, management and infection control. (
  • Johanne Dypvik at Institute of Clinical Medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: "Placenta accreta, increta, percreta. (
  • Marc Kevin McGowan at Institute of Clinical Medicine will give a trial lecture on the given topic: "Lung cancer and the immune system - Basic biology, established treatment and future potential. (
  • Various challenges exist which may result in restrictions of visits to healthcare facilities, increased demands on the health service and changes to trial staff availability. (
  • Funding for the delivery of evidence-based clinical services to screen for cancer and precancer in underserved populations who do not have adequate access to screening, early detection interventions, and healthcare. (
  • The initial evaluation of the GUI identified significant usability problems that need to be addressed before the start of a clinical evaluation. (
  • The goal of this project is to support the design, implementation, and evaluation of HPV-related cancer control programmes in LMICs. (
  • We will give priority review to any new clinical trial applications relating to COVID-19, and/or amendments to existing clinical trials necessary as a result of COVID-19, priority reviews can be expedited where necessary. (
  • The new workplan for the EU's initiative on accelerating clinical trials lays out the timelines for a set of "priority actions," such as mapping the European clinical trial environment and establishing a consolidated process for more efficiently managing scientific advice on trials. (
  • Why are clinical trials necessary in India? (
  • Mohan Clinical trials are emerging as an important activity in India as it is an essential component of the. (