Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Norovirus: A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Swimming PoolsMolecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Contact Tracing: Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Hepatitis A: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.Chikungunya virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Cryptosporidiosis: Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Communicable DiseasesZoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Echovirus Infections: Infectious disease processes, including meningitis, diarrhea, and respiratory disorders, caused by echoviruses.Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Molecular Typing: Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.Escherichia coli Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.Quarantine: Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Escherichia coli O157: A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Legionnaires' Disease: An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.Meat Products: Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola: A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Patient Isolation: The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.Eggs: Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.Dysentery, Bacillary: DYSENTERY caused by gram-negative rod-shaped enteric bacteria (ENTEROBACTERIACEAE), most often by the genus SHIGELLA. Shigella dysentery, Shigellosis, is classified into subgroups according to syndrome severity and the infectious species. Group A: SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE (severest); Group B: SHIGELLA FLEXNERI; Group C: SHIGELLA BOYDII; and Group D: SHIGELLA SONNEI (mildest).Epidemics: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Serratia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SERRATIA.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Food Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.Salmonella enteritidis: A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.Meningitis, Aseptic: A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)Child Day Care Centers: Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.Hepatitis A virus: A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Camping: Living outdoors as a recreational activity.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.United StatesHorse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Democratic Republic of the Congo: A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Shellfish: Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.Botulism: A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)Conjunctivitis, Acute Hemorrhagic: A highly contagious disease characterized by subconjunctival hemorrhage, sudden swelling of the eyelids and congestion, redness, and pain in the eye. Epidemic conjunctivitis caused by Enterovirus 70 (EV-70) was first described in Africa in 1969. It is caused also by Coxsackievirus A24 variant (CA24v). Epidemics by this organism have appeared most frequently in Asia.Recreation: Activity engaged in for pleasure.Bacteriophage Typing: A technique of bacterial typing which differentiates between bacteria or strains of bacteria by their susceptibility to one or more bacteriophages.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Schools: Educational institutions.Hydrotherapy: External application of water for therapeutic purposes.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Ostreidae: A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Food Service, Hospital: Hospital department that manages and supervises the dietary program in accordance with the patients' requirements.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Staphylococcal Food Poisoning: Poisoning by staphylococcal toxins present in contaminated food.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseIllinoisEpidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Campylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.Sapovirus: A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE associated with worldwide sporadic outbreaks of GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The first recorded outbreak was in human infants in Sapporo, Japan in 1977. The genus is comprised of a single species, Sapporo virus, containing multiple strains.Enterovirus C, Human: A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 11 serotypes, all coxsackieviruses.Space-Time Clustering: A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Frozen FoodsInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome: A syndrome that is associated with microvascular diseases of the KIDNEY, such as RENAL CORTICAL NECROSIS. It is characterized by hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC); THROMBOCYTOPENIA; and ACUTE RENAL FAILURE.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Klebsiella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus KLEBSIELLA.Cheese: A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Mumps Vaccine: Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Goat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.Legionellosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus LEGIONELLA.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Cyclosporiasis: Infection with parasitic protozoa of the genus CYCLOSPORA. It is distributed globally and causes a diarrheal illness. Transmission is waterborne.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Marburg Virus Disease: An RNA virus infection of rhesus, vervet, and squirrel monkeys transmissible to man.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Caliciviridae: A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.IdahoNurseries, Hospital: Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Congo: A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli: Strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI with the ability to produce at least one or more of at least two antigenically distinct, usually bacteriophage-mediated cytotoxins: SHIGA TOXIN 1 and SHIGA TOXIN 2. These bacteria can cause severe disease in humans including bloody DIARRHEA and HEMOLYTIC UREMIC SYNDROME.Hepatitis A Virus, Human: A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.Environmental Microbiology: The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.GermanyPublic Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Enterovirus InfectionsMaineAngola: A republic in southern Africa, southwest of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and west of ZAMBIA. Its capital is Luanda.Salmonella enterica: A subgenus of Salmonella containing several medically important serotypes. The habitat for the majority of strains is warm-blooded animals.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Haiti: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)Keratoconjunctivitis: Simultaneous inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva.IndiaPersonnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Ribotyping: RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM analysis of rRNA genes that is used for differentiating between species or strains.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.Enterovirus A, Human: A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 10 serotypes, mostly coxsackieviruses.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.SingaporeAcinetobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACINETOBACTER.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).JapanAnimals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Poliovirus Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Klebsiella pneumoniae: Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Meningitis, Meningococcal: A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Residential Facilities: Long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Meningococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Multilocus Sequence Typing: Direct nucleotide sequencing of gene fragments from multiple housekeeping genes for the purpose of phylogenetic analysis, organism identification, and typing of species, strain, serovar, or other distinguishable phylogenetic level.Aedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.Animal DiseasesEnterobacteriaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE.GreeceSeroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.EnglandPoxviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the POXVIRIDAE.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.IndianaRandom Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique: Technique that utilizes low-stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification with single primers of arbitrary sequence to generate strain-specific arrays of anonymous DNA fragments. RAPD technique may be used to determine taxonomic identity, assess kinship relationships, analyze mixed genome samples, and create specific probes.Coxiella burnetii: A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.Carrier State: The condition of harboring an infective organism without manifesting symptoms of infection. The organism must be readily transmissible to another susceptible host.Ebolavirus: A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of several distinct species of Ebolavirus, each containing separate strains. These viruses cause outbreaks of a contagious, hemorrhagic disease (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, EBOLA) in humans, usually with high mortality.Nipah Virus: A species of HENIPAVIRUS, closely related to HENDRA VIRUS, which emerged in Peninsular Malaysia in 1998. It causes a severe febrile VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS in humans and also encephalitis and RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS in pigs. Fruit bats (PTEROPUS) are the natural host.Anthrax: An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Hospital Units: Those areas of the hospital organization not considered departments which provide specialized patient care. They include various hospital special care wards.WisconsinHorses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Europe
Disease outbreak control[edit]. Meningitis A,C,Y and W-135 vaccines can be used for large-scale vaccination programs when an ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (June 2000). "Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease. Recommendations of ... a b Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Meningococcal disease among college students: ACIP modifies recommendations for ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). "Ch. 13: Meningococcal Disease". In Atkinson W, Wolfe S, Hamborsky J. ...
There was an outbreak in the summer of 2001 in Colorado, away from where the disease was considered endemic. A group of ... Dust control measures such as planting grass and wetting the soil, and also limiting exposure to dust storms are advisable for ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 6 July 2013. Barnato, A. E.; Sanders, G. D.; Owens, D. K. (2001-01-01). " ... Outbreaks have also been linked to earthquakes, windstorms and military training exercises where the ground is disturbed. ...
Centers For Disease Control. "Outbreak Postings". Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved 2014-07-11. Towner, J. S.; Amman, B. R ... The outbreak was declared over on February 20, 2008. A second outbreak was reported by the WHO August 17, 2012 suspected to ... www.afro.who.int/en/clusters-a-programmes/dpc/epidemic-a-pandemic-alert-and-response/outbreak-news/3665-ebola-outbreak-in- ... Blood samples from suspect cases were sent to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where the presence of an ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (November 2003). "Hepatitis A outbreak associated with green onions at a ... "Outbreak Cases". Viral Hepatitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 28 October 2013. Archived from the original on 12 ... The most widespread hepatitis A outbreak in the 2003 United States hepatitis outbreak afflicted at least 640 people (killing ... "Hepatitis A." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015. Web. 25 Oct. 2016. ...
Control and Prevention Zika outbreak in the Americas and the Pacific at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ... The designation has been applied in the past to the Ebola outbreak in 2014, the outbreak of polio in Syria in 2013, and the ... "Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika Viruses" (PDF). Fact Sheets. Centers for Disease Control. ... "Zika Virus". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Zika Virus". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kraemer, ...
"Travelers' Health Outbreak Notice". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2 June 2010. Archived from the original on 26 ... Prevention depends on control of and protection from the bites of the mosquito that transmits it. The World Health Organization ... Center for Disease Control and Prevention. "Chapter 5 - dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)". 2010 Yellow Book ... The primary method of controlling A. aegypti is by eliminating its habitats. This is done by getting rid of open sources of ...
"Travelers' Health Outbreak Notice". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. June 2, 2010. Archived from the original on 26 ... This primarily includes source reduction, pesticide spraying for larval control and "fogging" for adult control, or the use of ... The mosquito control effect is nontoxic and species-specific, as the OX513A mosquitoes are Ae. aegypti and only breed with Ae. ... Was Zika outbreak caused by release of genetically modified mosquitoes in Brazil? Can GM mosquitoes rid the world of a major ...
Mao, QY; Wang, Y; Bian, L; Xu, M; Liang, Z (May 2016). "EV71 vaccine, a new tool to control outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (1998). "Deaths among children during an outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth ... It often occurs in small outbreaks in nursery schools or kindergartens. Large outbreaks have been occurring in Asia since 1997 ... In 2008 an outbreak in China, beginning in March in Fuyang, Anhui, led to 25,000 infections, and 42 deaths, by May 13. Similar ...
... was used in relation to a comparable outbreak at the Royal Free Hospital in London.[106] The descriptions of each outbreak were ... US Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 65 (50): 51.. ... Public health (1955). "Outbreak at the royal free". The Lancet. 266: 351-352. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(55)92344-8.. ... From 1934 onwards, outbreaks of a previously unknown illness began to be recorded by doctors.[104][105] Initially considered to ...
Outbreak of typhus fever controlled". Public Health Reports. 23 (47): 1702-1740. JSTOR 4562228. Nesvig, Martin (2000). "The ... Many of the outbreaks consisted of Typhus. Belem was a source of many communications between Mexico and the U.S. during its ... The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830-1940. Austin: ...
"Dengue outbreak in Madeira controlled". Retrieved 11 April 2013. Porter, Tom (17 August 2013). "Hospital Evacuated as Fire ...
The BBC described it as the worst outbreak of dengue fever in the country's history. At least 18 people died and 31,000 were ... Dengue fever at the BBC Dengue fever at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Pan American Health Organisation. ... "Dengue fever outbreak in Bolivia". BBC. 2009-02-03. Archived from the original on 6 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-26. ... Bolivia's healthcare services had difficulty in coping with the outbreak, with experts from Venezuela, Cuba, Paraguay and the ...
"Multistate Outbreak of Infections Caused by Elizabethkingia anophelis". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). March ... "Recent Outbreaks". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). June 16, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2016. ... An outbreak centered in Wisconsin began in early November 2015, with 48 people confirmed infected in 12 counties and at least ... E. anophelis has been reported to cause neonatal meningitis in the Central African Republic, and a nosocomial outbreak has been ...
Management and control[edit]. Rice varieties with resistance to BPH, e.g. IR64, are important for preventing outbreaks.[16][17] ... Excessive use of urea as nitrogenous fertilizer and insecticides can lead to outbreaks by increasing the fecundity of the brown ... Preap, V.; Zalucki, M. P.; Jahn, G. C. (2006). "Brown planthopper outbreaks and management". Cambodian Journal of Agriculture. ... In an attempt to make BPH control more species-specific, researchers are trying to develop methods of turning off specific BPH ...
Martin, T. W.; Burton, T. M.; Dooren, J. C. (2012-10-09). "Outbreak Spurs Calls for New Controls". The Wall Street Journal. The ... The compounding pharmacist demonstrates that he or she will use controls comparable to the controls applicable under any ... Meningitis outbreak toll: 119 cases, 11 deaths. Usatoday.com (2012-10-09). Retrieved on 2012-12-19. Morgan, David (October 22, ... In October 2012 news reports surfaced of an outbreak of fungal meningitis tied to the New England Compounding Center. At that ...
The hospital passed from local municipal control to national control in 1948 and was renamed Bevendean Hospital. By 1989 it had ... A smallpox outbreak prompted its construction. Brighton Borough Surveyor designed a permanent building to replace the original ... Trimingham, Adam (9 November 2013). "Outbreak of terror". The Argus. Newsquest Media Group. Archived from the original on 22 ... Several "pavilions" dedicated to the control of particular diseases were built over the next few years. ...
1965 - Flood control dam built on Brazos River basin. 1967 - Historic Waco Foundation established.[1] 1974 - Oscar De Conge ... 1953 - May: 1953 Waco tornado outbreak. 1955 KWTX-TV (television) begins broadcasting. Cameron Park Zoo established. 1964 - ...
"Previous Updates: 2014 West Africa Outbreak". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 23 November 2015. "Ebola: ... This initial outbreak had a total of 86 cases, including 59 deaths. By 28 May, there were 281 cases, with 186 deaths. It is ... The outbreak began in early December, in a village called Meliandou, southeastern Guinea, not far from the borders with both ... The country was at the core of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Human rights in Guinea remain a controversial issue. In 2011 the United ...
An infection control plan was implemented at the Kaplan Medical Center in Israel to control a hospital outbreak of carbapenem- ... However, additional environmental cleaning to control transmission has not been verified by controlled trials. The involvement ... In a case-control study of 99 patients compared with 99 controls at Mount Sinai Hospital (Manhattan), a 1,171 bed tertiary care ... "Disparity in infection control practices for multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae". American journal of infection control. 40 ...
Complimenting Nigeria's successful efforts to control the outbreak, "the usually measured WHO declared the feat 'a piece of ... 9 October 2014). "Transmission Dynamics and Control of Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in Nigeria, July to September 2014". Rapid ... "Previous Updates: 2014 West Africa Outbreak". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 11 April 2015. Kevin Sack, ... acknowledged Nigeria's positive role in controlling the effort to contain the Ebola outbreak. "We wish to thank the Federal ...
Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Measles Outbreaks in Canada, Canada Communicable Disease Report, Endorsed by Chief ... An outbreak in 2015 had more than 1,700 cases had been reported by May 11 with one death. In September 2008 an outbreak ... The French outbreak has been specifically linked to a further outbreak in Quebec in 2011, where 327 cases have been reported ... "Measles > Cases and Outbreaks > CDC". Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved 2015-07-03. . Centers for Disease Control https:// ...
Prevention and control of cholera outbreaks: WHO policy and recommendations Archived 2011-11-22 at the Wayback Machine., World ... "First steps for managing an outbreak of acute diarrhea" (PDF). World Health Organization Global Task Force on Cholera Control. ... 2010 Haiti cholera outbreak. Ten months after the 2010 earthquake, an outbreak swept over Haiti, traced to a United Nations ... Understanding the seasonality and location of outbreaks provides guidance for improving cholera control activities for the most ...
The initial outbreak of a novel swine-origin H1N1 flu pandemic in 2009 and the virus strain that caused it were called by many ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 21 April 2009. MacKenzie, Debora (27 May 2009). "Deadly new flu virus in US and ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. May 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08. "Some immunity to novel H1N1 flu found in ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 22 April 2009. Emma Wilkinson (1 May 2009). "What scientists know about swine flu ...
"Outbreak of Lung Illness Associated with Using E-cigarette Products". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 6 September ... "Tobacco Control. 23 (5): 375-384. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051122. ISSN 0964-4563. PMC 4520227. PMID 24259045.. ... "Tobacco Control. 23 (Supplement 2): ii11-ii17. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051482. ISSN 0964-4563. PMC 3995255. PMID ... Vaporizers are sometimes used by chefs as a method of applying controlled heat to herbs and spices to release flavors that are ...
"Yellow Fever Outbreak, Southern Sudan, 2003". doi:10.3201/eid1009.030727. PMC 3320285 . Frierson, J. Gordon. "The Yellow Fever ... "Yellow fever in Africa: public health impact and prospects for control in the 21st century". Red de Revistas Científicas de ... Gubler, Duane J. (ed.). "Yellow Fever Outbreaks in Unvaccinated Populations, Brazil, 2008-2009". doi:10.1371/journal.pntd. ... Estimating the Burden of Disease and Impact of Mass Vaccination from Outbreak and Serological Data". doi:10.1371/journal.pmed. ...
"Ash disease outbreaks in Northern Ireland stand at 16". BBC News. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2013.. ... There are currently no effective strategies for managing the disease, and most countries which have tried to control its spread ... "Chalara ash dieback outbreak: Q&A". BBC News. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2012.. ... Comparisons have been made to the outbreak of Dutch elm disease in the 1960s and 1970s.[38] Currently it is estimated that ...
Yet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has noted a steady increase in the number of reported outbreaks of diarrheal ... In the United States, the most common causes of reported outbreaks of drinking water-associated illness are bacteria and ... The Idaho Division of Public Health and Idahos local public health districts work together to investigate outbreaks of illness ... The Idaho Division of Public Health works with Idahos local public health districts to investigate outbreaks of illness ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... Measles outbreaks. In a given year, more measles cases can occur for any of the following reasons:. *an increase in the number ... Notes from the field: Measles outbreak among members of a religious community - Brooklyn, New York, March-June 2013. MMWR. Vol ... Measles Outbreak in an Unvaccinated Family and a Possibly Associated International Traveler - Orange County, Florida, December ...
Public health officials investigate outbreaks to control them, so more people do not get sick in the outbreak, and to learn how ... Investigating Outbreaksplus icon *Steps in a Foodborne Outbreak Investigationplus icon *Step 1: Detect a Possible Outbreak ... Multistate Outbreaksplus icon *List of Selected Multistate Foodborne Outbreak Investigations. *CDCs Role in Outbreak ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
The Royal Melbourne Hospital has updated its infection control guidelines to better protect healthcare workers after a spike in ... The Royal Melbourne Hospital has updated its infection control guidelines to better protect healthcare workers after a spike in ... under guidelines updated in response to Melbournes escalating outbreak. ...
... of Covid-19 cases detected among the high number of pre-surgical screenings indicated that the outbreak was under control in ... This indicates that the spread of Covid-19 is under control.. "The ministry will continue to monitor Covid-19 cases in the ... of Covid-19 cases detected among the high number of pre-surgical screenings indicated that the outbreak was under control in ... Outbreak under control, says Dr Noor Hisham @media only screen and (max-width: 960px){ #sideNote { position: initial !important ...
... said the capitals recent coronavirus outbreak has been brought under control. ... the chief epidemiologist of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, ... Beijings coronavirus outbreak is under control, Chinese health expert says. Published Thu, Jun 18 20204:52 AM EDT. Updated Thu ... said Thursday the capitals recent coronavirus outbreak has been brought under control. ...
... Pioneering use of whole genome sequencing in real time to help ... In this case, it helped understand and control what was probably longest running A. baumannii outbreak ever seen in this ... report how whole genome sequencing was used to control an outbreak of A. baumannii at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham in ... control a hospital outbreak is reported in an article published in the open access journal Genome Medicine. The research ...
... expert Anthony Fauci on Tuesday warned Congress that a premature lifting of lockdowns could lead to additional outbreaks of the ... "There is a real risk that you will trigger an outbreak that you may not be able to control and, in fact paradoxically, will set ... but the right direction does not mean we have by any means total control of this outbreak," Fauci said during hours of ... Senate panel that the virus epidemic is not yet under control in areas of the nation. ...
... have identified a new outbreak of avian influenza using highly specific and sensitive nuclear-derived techniques. ... DR Congo Scientists Control Avian Influenza Outbreak Using Nuclear Techniques Also available in: *Français ... Controlling Avian Flu in West Africa: Nuclear-Derived Techniques Enable Early Detection of Outbreaks ... the outbreak is currently under control and limited to the Lake Albert region, near the border with Uganda, scientists have ...
Health official: California measles outbreak under control. Californias measles outbreak began when people brought it back ... "Weve gotten those localized outbreaks under control," said Dr. James Watt, chief of the division of communicable disease ... The measles outbreak that has sickened 59 people in California this year has been effectively contained for now, according to a ... This years outbreak began when several people imported the disease from abroad, said Watt, adding that it spread quickly, ...
H1N1 Outbreak Under Control in Malaysia. Jun 22, 2012 , Lauren Edmundson , Outbreak News ... The Malaysian minister of health confirmed that last weeks outbreak of influenza A (H1N1) is now under control. The outbreak ... Outbreak. Outbreak: Daily coverage on breaking infectious disease news from all over the world. ... Yemen Faces Worst Cholera Outbreak in Recent History. July 27, 2017 A cholera outbreak rages on in Yemen, a war afflicted ...
South Korea is grappling with an outbreak of the frequently deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and its taking ... South Korea is grappling with an outbreak of the frequently deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and it's ...
Outbreaks of zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola, highly pathogenic avian influenza, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and Rift ... Experts predict that in the future, outbreaks of current and new zoonotic diseases could be more diverse and even more severe ... Advancing Preparedness for Zoonotic Disease Outbreaks. * Ebola Virus Disease, Fact Sheet, World Health Organization (WHO), ...
Iran stifled a potential cholera outbreak three weeks ago, after the infection was probably carried there from Iraq, the World ... The Iraqi outbreak and its spread in the conflict-ridden country has been blamed on poor quality water supplies and a lack of ... The cholera outbreak in northern Iraq has infected some 16,000 people since late August, of whom at least 10 have died, the ... There were a few cases in Iran about three weeks ago, its under control, WHO cholera coordinator Claire-Lise Chaignat told ...
Reinforcing control efforts amid outbreak of avian influenza in China. Surveillance, laboratory testing, clean markets are all ... 17 March 2017, Rome/Paris--A resurgent outbreak of a new strain of avian influenza that can be lethal for humans underscores ... That may potentially make it easier to see when chickens are infected, facilitate introduction of control measures also at the ... "Following a "One Health" approach, we need to understand the drivers of this disease and in devising appropriate control and ...
... under control on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Wales news ... Vaccine uptake must increase to bring measles outbreak ... to continue if the outbreak is to be brought under control. ... Vaccine uptake must increase to bring measles outbreak under control. Public Health Wales say the recent increase in children ... We are delighted to see parents responding so positively to the outbreak and understanding that measles can be a severe illness ...
Nigeria Becomes Fourth Country Hit by Out of Control Ebola Outbreak. Frances Martel. 27 Jul 2014. ... More than 600 are believed to have died from the disease in that time in what the WHO is stating is "out of control" and the ... His death makes Nigeria the fourth country to experience an ebola incident since the recent outbreak began in March.. According ... Ammo Sales Surge as Virginians Anticipate Democrat Gun Control. *. Greta Thunberg Scolds Davos Elites: Climate Demands Ignored ...
Cafe Scientifique - International outbreak control. This event has taken place. View all upcoming events at Kingston University ... It will look at the relation between control to prevent the spread of disease - and the movement of people and goods ... The talk covers the History and Epidemiology underlying the development of the international control of Infectious Disease. ...
The meningitis outbreak has claimed zero deaths in Togo this week, thanks in part to the distribution of medicines and free ... Tackling Togos meningitis outbreak with community work. Children and communities affected by the meningitis outbreak in Togo ... Meningitis outbreak in Togo puts children at risk. Plan International is prioritising the needs of children as cases of ... The meningitis outbreak has claimed zero deaths in Togo this week, thanks in part to the distribution of medicines and free ...
Identification and control of a poliomyelitis outbreak in Xinjiang, China.. Luo HM1, Zhang Y, Wang XQ, Yu WZ, Wen N, Yan DM, ... The 2011 outbreak in China showed that poliomyelitis-free countries remain at risk for outbreaks while the poliovirus ... the Health Emergency Control Center (Z.-J.F.), and the Division of Infectious Disease Control, Chinese Center for Disease ... From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Immunization Program (H.-M.L., W.-Z.Y., N.W., H.-Q.W., H.- ...
Florida coronavirus cases surge for fifth day as Trump pledges outbreak will be under control. ... Experts at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have warned that cases and deaths could rise this autumn and ... Throughout the United States, every metric to measure the outbreak is going in the wrong direction - rising cases, deaths, ... Testing shortages and delayed results in some states are hampering efforts to curb the outbreak, similar to situations that ...
... is taking proactive steps to control the outbreak of scabies, an infectious and intensely itchy skin disease. ... The Sekyere East District Health Directorate in the Ashanti Region, is taking proactive steps to control the outbreak of ... As a measure to control and stem the further spread of the contagious disease, the Directorate has commenced a public awareness ... and thus called for decisive measures towards its prevention and control.. Mr Amoah was speaking at the 2019 Annual Performance ...
... is giving its all efforts to control the dengue outbreak by the first week of September, its Mayor Sayeed Khokon expresses hope ... Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC) is giving its all efforts to control the dengue outbreak by the first week of September, ... DSCC giving all efforts to control dengue outbreak by first week of Sept: Khokon. ... all organisations of the government with directives of the prime minister are working with all efforts to control the outbreak ...
The Cholera task force led by the Ministry of Health (MoH) has established a Cholera Command and Control Centre to enhance ... WHO has deployed a team of international experts under the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN) to support MoH ... Infection Control Today is part of the Global Exhibitions Division of Informa PLC ... WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions on any country affected by cholera outbreak. ...
  • We were craving for vaccine" during the West African outbreak of 2014-2016, Liu said. (statnews.com)
  • The outbreak took place between November 2016 and June 2017. (healio.com)
  • 2016. "Citric Acid Injections: An Accessible and Efficient Method for Controlling Outbreaks of the Crown-of-Thorns Starfish Acanthaster cf. solaris . (mdpi.com)
  • Conclusions Chemsex is a new risk factor for shigellosis among MSM living with HIV, as identified in the 2015-2016 outbreak. (bmj.com)
  • In August 2016, after a report from the United Nations Special Rapporteur Philip Alston, the Secretary General of the United Nations accepted responsibility for the UN's role in the initial outbreak. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to numbers on the Minnesota Department of Health website, the total number of cases diagnosed in the state during the current outbreak has now risen to 73. (kstp.com)
  • The current outbreak is the worst in Minnesota since 1990 when 460 cases were diagnosed, leading to three fatalities. (kstp.com)
  • Farnon guesses that if contacts in the current outbreak mention that they are intending on traveling to another country, the health workers will likely discourage them from doing so, but that some, if they aren't feeling sick, may still continue with their trip. (time.com)
  • With over 720 laboratory-confirmed cases of food poisoning caused by Listeria in 2017*, and the death toll resulting from the current outbreak surpassing 60, South Africa is in dire need of a Food Control Agency which can better manage the threat presented by Listeriosis, and risks associated with all foodborne diseases, moving forward. (cbn.co.za)
  • Results The current outbreak of AK started in 2010-2011 with an incidence threefold higher than in 2004-2009. (bmj.com)
  • The current outbreak is unlikely to be due to any one of the identified risk factors in isolation. (bmj.com)
  • He said the upsurge was new in the District as year 2017 and 2018 recorded zero cases according to the Directorate's Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response Mechanism, and thus called for decisive measures towards its prevention and control. (ghanaweb.com)
  • Infection preventionists play a critical role in the public heath response to outbreak situations by communicating and implementing control measures," 2018 APIC President Janet Haas, PhD, RN, CIC, FSHEA, FAPIC, said in the release. (healio.com)
  • After an initial epidemiological health investigation in 2018, which looked at consecutive outbreaks to identify the cause of the illness on a vessel and stop it from spreading, the source remained unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • We found 47 publications describing 45,215 cases in outbreaks occurring in 25 countries from 1989 through 2018. (ajtmh.org)
  • Outbreak investigations play a key role in preventing future outbreaks. (cdc.gov)
  • Experts predict that in the future, outbreaks of current and new zoonotic diseases could be more diverse and even more severe than those the world has faced so far. (iaea.org)
  • Moving forward, a nationwide culture of IPC needs to be maintained through this governance structure in Liberia's health system to prevent and respond to future outbreaks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Public Health Wales say the recent increase in children receiving the MMR vaccine needs to continue if the outbreak is to be brought under control. (itv.com)
  • The difficulty in controlling the outbreak is ironic, she noted, because there are tools being used that people who worked on earlier Ebola outbreaks only dreamed of - experimental drugs and vaccine. (statnews.com)
  • Measles-containing vaccine was administered to 9,731 patients and staff during the outbreak period, which was an 11.8% increase from the same period a year earlier. (healio.com)
  • There is no live or attenuated vaccine for the prevention of ASF therefore control of the virus is reliant on strict biosecurity. (thepigsite.com)
  • Although the WHO recommends typhoid vaccination for control of confirmed outbreaks, there are limited data on the epidemiologic characteristics of outbreaks to inform vaccine use in outbreak settings. (ajtmh.org)
  • However, the availability of vaccine stocks and the impact of vaccine availability on disease control strategies represent a key uncertainty when assessing potential control strategies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Using an epidemiological, spatially explicit, simulation model in combination with a direct cost calculator, we assessed how vaccine availability constraints may affect the economic benefit of a "vaccination-to-live" strategy during a FMD outbreak in Scotland, when implemented alongside culling of infected premises and dangerous contacts. (frontiersin.org)
  • If only a suboptimal quantity of vaccine doses is initially available (100,000 doses), restocking delays of more than 2 weeks rapidly increase the cost of controlling outbreaks. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, the size of the initial vaccine stock available at the start of the outbreak and the interplay with other factors, such as vaccine efficacy and delays in restocking or implementing vaccination, should be considered in making decisions about optimal control strategies for FMD outbreaks. (frontiersin.org)
  • There is no vaccine for Zika and there is no cure, which means that prevention methods such as mosquito spraying are the only options to control the spread of the disease, the researchers say. (jhsph.edu)
  • Lessler says that research going forward needs to go into vaccine development and into better understanding how well certain mosquito control methods actually work. (jhsph.edu)
  • The outbreak provided a unique opportunity to evaluate the practicality of use and effectiveness of this vaccine. (nih.gov)
  • Thi Dang, MPH, CHES, CIC, health care-acquired infections epidemiologist for the Texas Department of State Health Services, presented a study involving the largest outbreak of mumps in Texas in more than 20 years. (healio.com)
  • Beijing, China, experienced the largest outbreak of SARS in the world with a total of 2,521 reported probable cases, according to background information in the article. (bio-medicine.org)
  • As health officials in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo race to stop the spread of Ebola , one of many factors that could hinder their efforts is a so-called "outbreak culture" - a situation described in a new book co-authored by health journalist Lara Salahi. (healthjournalism.org)
  • In 2007, Farnon, then at the CDC, traveled to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda to help those nations battle smaller Ebola outbreaks. (time.com)
  • In the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda, the outbreaks occurred in remote regions and the contacts weren't mobile and potentially infecting others in densely populated places like airports. (time.com)
  • The epidemic in Beijing has been brought under control,' said Wu, according to a Reuters translation. (cnbc.com)
  • Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told a U.S. Senate panel that the virus epidemic is not yet under control in areas of the nation. (reuters.com)
  • Since the outbreak of the epidemic in April, Sierra Leone has lost five medical doctors, more than 60 nurses and auxiliary health workers to Ebola. (globalissues.org)
  • Salahi and co-author Pardis Sabeti define outbreak culture as a collective mindset that develops among responders and communities in the initial response to disease outbreaks which can inhibit initial action and worsen the severity of an epidemic. (healthjournalism.org)
  • We describe and simulate an adaptive control approach to exit this situation, while maintaining the epidemic under control. (nber.org)
  • This free Teach-Out is for anyone who has been curious about how we identify and measure outbreaks like the COVID-19 epidemic and wants to understand the epidemiology of these infections. (coursera.org)
  • The coronavirus epidemic started one month earlier than is commonly reported and has yet to be brought under control, a new disease-transmission model created by University of Toronto researchers suggests. (utoronto.ca)
  • and epidemiologists searching for clues from the recent SARS epidemic that could prevent a future outbreak or reduce its impact. (nap.edu)
  • I show why such estimation is hard and yet, nonetheless, why controlling post-death transmission is likely to have a substantial effect on short- and long-term epidemic outcomes. (gatech.edu)
  • Estimation results showed higher concern about a facility providing information about community outbreak. (scirp.org)
  • Caregivers whose children attend facilities provided about community outbreak or covered (N)SASSy significantly higher opportunity to arrange a schedule when a child has a high fever. (scirp.org)
  • The CDC recommends seasonal flu vaccination, which includes protection against H1N1, as the best way to prevent disease outbreaks. (healthmap.org)
  • TORONTO -- Before developing our understanding of how germs worked, the wrong belief that sick people were plagued by evil spirits unwittingly evolved as a way to prevent disease outbreaks, according to a new study. (ctvnews.ca)
  • Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC) is giving its all efforts to control the dengue outbreak by the first week of September, its Mayor Sayeed Khokon expressed hope today. (thedailystar.net)
  • Lao Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith has told ministries and local authorities to remain vigilant as they attempt to control the outbreaks of dengue fever and African swine fever in southern Laos' Salavan province. (globaltimes.cn)
  • The prime minister gave the advice during his visit to the southern province, some 670 km southeast of Vientiane, where severe dengue fever outbreak is occurring and African swine fever was firstly detected in Laos, local daily Vientiane Times reported on Friday. (globaltimes.cn)
  • In the past, intense control strategies, including mass DDT spraying, successfully eliminated Aedes aegypti, the type of mosquito that carries Zika and other viruses, from 18 countries in the Americas, substantially reducing new dengue cases. (jhsph.edu)
  • The research shows that for dengue control, the use of window and door screens reduced the odds of developing the disease by 78 percent, but there is no conclusive support for mosquito repellents, bed nets and traps. (jhsph.edu)
  • During a multistate foodborne disease outbreak, CDC serves as lead coordinator between public health partners to detect the outbreak, define its size and extent, and to identify the source. (cdc.gov)
  • Because of these features, adaptive control requires the ability to decrease or increase social distancing in response to observed and projected dynamics of the disease outbreak. (nber.org)
  • 2012) The Possibility of Outbreak Control by Real-Time Surveillance with PCR Method Performed Immediately-A Case Study of Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak in a Day Care Facility for Children. (scirp.org)
  • Testing shortages and delayed results in some states are hampering efforts to curb the outbreak, similar to situations that frustrated state officials and health experts at the start of the pandemic in March and April. (reuters.com)
  • The pigs either died or were killed to curb the outbreak, which impacted farmers in 12 villages, according to an official accompanying the prime minister. (globaltimes.cn)
  • Conclusion: This guidance provides a framework for public health authorities to use when considering a third dose of MMR in response to mumps outbreaks while maintaining flexibility to incorporate local factors related to individual outbreaks. (medworm.com)
  • On-site laboratory confirmation with field detection kits, rapid implementation of respiratory illness control protocols, and a mass vaccination campaign were applied to limit disease dissemination. (cdc.gov)
  • The outbreak was halted 14 days after the mass vaccination campaign was completed. (cdc.gov)
  • We describe an influenza outbreak in which rapid identification of the causative agent permitted mass vaccination to be used as a control measure, examine the effects of this intervention on disease dissemination, and discuss the potential role of this control measure in containing influenza epidemics. (cdc.gov)
  • Mortality rate in infected groups of pigs is high and there is no vaccination proven to prevent or cure infection, therefore, it is crucial that control begins on-farm. (thepigsite.com)
  • For scenarios with conditions conducive to large outbreaks, all vaccination strategies perform better than the strategy where only culling is implemented. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our findings confirm that implementing an emergency vaccination-to-live strategy in addition to the conventional stamping out strategy is economically beneficial in scenarios with conditions conducive to large FMD outbreaks in Scotland. (frontiersin.org)
  • The meningitis outbreak has claimed zero deaths in Togo this week, thanks in part to the distribution of medicines and free treatment to affected communities. (plan-international.org)
  • The authors carried out a critical assessment of the literature to learn about the extent of use of the case-control method in outbreak investigations, and to identify problems observed in the use of this method to investigate outbreaks. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The Royal Melbourne Hospital has updated its infection control guidelines to better protect healthcare workers after a spike in staff infections and COVID-19 patient admissions, as hundreds of workers isolate at home after being exposed to positive cases. (smh.com.au)
  • Reuters) - Florida reported over 12,000 new cases of COVID-19 on Sunday, the fifth day in a row the state has announced over 10,000 new infections, even as President Donald Trump pledged that "it's going to be under control. (reuters.com)
  • SHEA's mission is to prevent and control healthcare-associated infections and advance the field of healthcare epidemiology. (eurekalert.org)
  • H-HW conducted the matched case-control analyses on the roles of CD4, pVL, past gonorrhoea, syphilis and amoebic infections. (bmj.com)
  • Packed with up to 20 labourers in a single stifling room, these foreign-worker dormitories have been the sites of previous outbreaks of disease, like tuberculosis. (firstpost.com)
  • Typhoid fever remains an important public health problem in low- and middle-income countries, with large outbreaks reported from Africa and Asia. (ajtmh.org)
  • PETALING JAYA: The low number of Covid-19 cases detected among the high number of pre-surgical screenings indicated that the outbreak was under control in Malaysia, says Health director-general Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah ( pic ). (thestar.com.my)
  • When I say that it's under control, that doesn't mean the number of cases will turn zero tomorrow or the day after. (cnbc.com)
  • There were a few cases in Iran about three weeks ago, it's under control,' WHO cholera coordinator Claire-Lise Chaignat told AFP. (medindia.net)
  • Iraq has been grappling with a growing outbreak of cholera, with 3,300 cases and 14 deaths since August, largely in the northeast of the country. (medindia.net)
  • However, in the past week, 45 new cases have been reported in Togo with zero deaths, suggesting the disease is now under control thanks in part to access to free treatment and medicines. (plan-international.org)
  • Throughout the United States, every metric to measure the outbreak is going in the wrong direction - rising cases, deaths, hospitalizations and positivity rates of test results. (reuters.com)
  • The two cities are in the southern part of the outbreak zone, and are where most of the Ebola cases are now being found. (statnews.com)
  • Katwa and Butembo have seen 344 Ebola cases to date, more than a third of the outbreak total. (statnews.com)
  • So far there have been more than 907 cases in this outbreak, with 569 deaths. (statnews.com)
  • She noted that at this point in the outbreak, 40 percent of confirmed cases are still dying in the community, having shunned Ebola treatment centers. (statnews.com)
  • Once there are no more new cases, the outbreak can be considered under control. (time.com)
  • A New York suburb continued to be under close scrutiny amid a government-imposed containment zone aimed at controlling a cluster of cases there. (seattletimes.com)
  • The majority of outbreak cases were pulmonary tuberculosis, sputum smear positive. (nih.gov)
  • The main way we have of controlling the outbreak is by preventing further spread of cases," says Dr. Eileen Farnon, associate professor of medicine at Temple University School of Medicine. (time.com)
  • Self-completion questionnaires were sent to 53 presumptive cases and 212 randomly selected potential controls. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • While the outbreak appears to be declining, potential cases continue to be investigated and vigilance remains high. (who.int)
  • WHO is urging countries in Europe to join together to help control the measles outbreak that has grown to more than 6,500 cases in 33 countries and the potential for worsening outbreaks "in the days ahead as people travel during the Easter holidays," U.N. News Centre reports (4/21). (kff.org)
  • when looking at Jan. 14, that level control is not happening because the observed cases are exceeding that level," Fisman says. (utoronto.ca)
  • If the cases take a sharp right turn and stop going up, there are two possibilities: control has been achieved or they are running out of resources. (utoronto.ca)
  • the emergence of new serogroups in recent epidemics (such as serogroups X and W135) should not mask the fact that serogroup A remains the most common meningococcal isolate from meningitis cases and is therefore the most significant target for control. (who.int)
  • When an outbreak in French Polynesia from October 2013 to April 2014 infected an estimated 66 percent of the population, the number of cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome jumped dramatically (from three to 42), but the small number of people made it difficult to be sure of the cause and effect. (jhsph.edu)
  • No new cases have been confirmed since June 11," Kerrigan McCarthy, head of the outbreak response unit at the NICD, told Health24. (selfmed.co.za)
  • The outbreak began March 5, 2003, with the importation of several cases among travelers from other SARS-affected areas and soon accelerated as multiple SARS cases occurred in health care facilities, peaking in late April when more than 100 new patients with SARS were being hospitalized daily. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Acute shigellosis cases diagnosed during the 2015 outbreak among MSM living with HIV were compared with those without shigellosis. (bmj.com)
  • We invited cases/controls to provide information on illicit drug use and sexual behaviours, using a structured questionnaire. (bmj.com)
  • Results Seventy-five shigellosis cases were compared with 225 controls. (bmj.com)
  • Twenty shigellosis cases and 59 controls completed the questionnaire. (bmj.com)
  • Y-TS enrolled the cases and controls through telephone interview, obtained information on illicit drug use and sexual behaviours, and conducted the unmatched case-control analyses on the roles of chemsex, poppers use and oral-to-anal sex. (bmj.com)
  • On December 18, 2006, the Minnesota Department of Health reported that 37 probable E. coli cases had been reported in connection with the Taco John's E. coli outbreak, nine people were confirmed ill with E. coli, eight people were hospitalized, and one person had developed hemolytic-uremic syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa has detected an outbreak of African swine fever on a farm in North West province, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Wednesday (10 April), citing a report from the South African agriculture ministry. (thepigsite.com)
  • There is a huge gap in all aspects of the response, including medical care, training of health staff, infection control, contact tracing, epidemiological surveillance, alert and referral systems, community education and mobilisation," MSF says. (globalissues.org)
  • Using open access data that are updated daily, the model replicates epidemiological scenarios and allows researchers to test narratives about the outbreak that originated in Wuhan, China - including the notion that it started in December. (utoronto.ca)
  • Current European and national disease control protocols mandate the culling of all susceptible animals on premises where FMD is identified ("infected premises," IPs) and on those that have had epidemiological contact with IPs ("dangerous contacts," DCs) to prevent disease spread, known as "stamping out. (frontiersin.org)
  • Sequence analysis implicated an imported wild-type poliovirus that originated in Pakistan as the cause of the outbreak. (nih.gov)
  • Thanks to a quick detection and characterization of the virus and subsequent local response, the outbreak is currently under control and limited to the Lake Albert region, near the border with Uganda, scientists have said. (iaea.org)
  • These outbreaks are difficult to contain due to delays in outbreak detection, the long incubation period of the bacterium, and an incomplete understanding of the effectiveness of infection control strategies. (repec.org)
  • Amy Priddy, DNP, RN, CIC, infection prevention senior manager at Park Nicollet Health Services, and colleagues activated a systemwide command center early in the outbreak to coordinate work and communication within the health system. (healio.com)
  • Efforts to improve IPC early in the outbreak were ad hoc and messaging was inconsistent. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of malaria outbreak and investigate contracting factors of malaria in Simada District, Northwest Ethiopia. (springer.com)
  • In a pragmatic evaluation of a public health intervention, we examined whether an association between decision-making time to implement antiviral prophylaxis as a strategy to control influenza outbreaks in long-term care facilities was concordant with the duration of an influenza outbreak and the postprophylaxis risk of influenza-like illness and hospitalisation among facilities residents. (bmj.com)
  • The first worker, a 32-year-old woman, had symptoms of conjunctivitis, and, because she collected eggs on an outbreak farm, was swabbed for avian flu. (umn.edu)
  • In this paper the researchers from the University of Birmingham, University of Warwick, and the National Institute for Health Research Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre, report how whole genome sequencing was used to control an outbreak of A. baumannii at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham in 2011. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The measles outbreak that has sickened 59 people in California this year has been effectively contained for now, according to a senior state health official. (scpr.org)
  • The Malaysian minister of health confirmed that last week's outbreak of influenza A (H1N1) is now under control. (healthmap.org)
  • Weekly incidence and timeliness of the outbreaks response immunizations conducted by the Ministry of Health and Médecins Sans Frontières, Malawi, 2010. (cdc.gov)
  • The three countries previously affected by ebola are struggling to contain the outbreak, which, according to the World Health Organization, has affected at least 1,093 people since March . (breitbart.com)
  • A public health emergency was declared in Xinjiang after the outbreak was confirmed. (nih.gov)
  • The Sekyere East District Health Directorate in the Ashanti Region, is taking proactive steps to control the outbreak of scabies, an infectious and intensely itchy skin disease. (ghanaweb.com)
  • The Cholera task force led by the Ministry of Health (MoH) has established a Cholera Command and Control Centre to enhance multisectoral coordination for effective response to the outbreak. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • However, Health Health and Sanitation Minister Fofana said he was hopeful the situation would be brought under control soon with international help. (globalissues.org)
  • An outbreak of the rare infectious disease, Anthrax, has now been brought under control in rural Zimbabwe, due to the efforts of International Medical Corps and the Zimbabwean health authorities. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • Zimbabwe's Ministry of Health and Child Welfare first identified the outbreak on November 24th2011. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) says it could take two to four months for the outbreak to be entirely contained, Reuters reports . (time.com)
  • With another three weeks of Ramadan and the holy week's gatherings, religious leaders are stepping up efforts with health care workers to control Minnesota's measles outbreak which has hit the Muslim Somali community the hardest. (kstp.com)
  • New South Wales Health Department, "Cryptosporidiosis control guideline for public health units," http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/guideline/cryptosporidiosis.html , 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • White House health advisor Dr. Anthony Fauci said Friday that the coronavirus has hit the U.S. 'very severely' and the country needs 'to get better control over things' to reopen the economy and head toward normalcy. (cnbc.com)
  • Control efforts have also focused on training teachers and health workers. (who.int)
  • Managing the outbreak of COVID-19 in India constitutes an unprecedented health emergency in one of the largest and most diverse nations in the world. (nber.org)
  • The Sussex County Office of Mosquito Control will continue its mission to protect the health, safety and welfare of Sussex County residents under modified operations and processes for the benefit of the public and mosquito staff. (nj.us)
  • Newton, NJ) September is here and fall is just around the corner, but the Sussex County Division of Health, Office of Mosquito Control would like to remind residents that mosquitos are still quite active this time of year. (nj.us)
  • The Sussex County Division of Health, Office of Mosquito Control is investigating three positive EEE samples of adult mosquitoes in three different locations in Sussex County. (nj.us)
  • They also greatly appreciate the health care personnel and staff members at Samsung Medical Center and all other hospitals who worked together to overcome the outbreak. (annals.org)
  • We regressed health concern variables on background information and information provision situation about community outbreaks using weighted logistic regression. (scirp.org)
  • A recent spate of unexpected mosquito-borne disease outbreaks - most recently the Zika virus, which has swept through parts of the Americas - have highlighted the need to better understand the development and spread of little-known diseases and for new strategies to control them, a new review by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers suggests. (jhsph.edu)
  • 1 Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Employee Health, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030, USA. (nih.gov)
  • Details that emerged last week about the new virus from China show how challenging it could be to control this outbreak, health experts say. (dothanfirst.com)
  • In collaboration with the work conducted across the PHE Global Public Health department on strengthening compliance towards the International Health Regulations, the UK-PHRST provides an integrated project to combat outbreaks of dangerous infectious diseases with benefits in the short-, intermediate-, and long-term. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • In September 2014, at the height of the outbreak, the national IPC Task Force was established with a Ministry of Health (MoH) mandate to coordinate IPC response activities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Setting and participants Long-term care facilities where 127 influenza outbreaks were reported to public health authorities in Alberta, Canada, during two influenza seasons from 2013 to 2015. (bmj.com)
  • Before the outbreak, Haiti suffered from relatively poor public health and sanitation infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 8 December the World Health Organization declared the end to the outbreak in the country of Uganda due to two 21 day quarantine periods Below is a chart which indicates those outbreaks that have occurred in the country of Uganda(it does not reflect all Marburg virus disease outbreaks): Viral hemorrhagic fever Marburg virus disease Marburg virus Filoviridae Athumani, Halima. (wikipedia.org)
  • These experts have been operating with field teams in surveillance, response, and control operations in Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro States. (paho.org)
  • All other inspection and control activities, such as aerial and truck mounted spray applications, and disease surveillance will continue for the season as in previous years. (nj.us)
  • While there are numerous benefits in implementing official control, there are also costs associated with containment, surveillance and movement restrictions. (outbreak.gov.au)
  • Our study used province-wide surveillance data in Alberta at the time of influenza outbreaks in long-term care facilities during two consecutive influenza seasons. (bmj.com)
  • Dr Kelly said staff working in all other clinical areas of the hospital must now wear a surgical mask and a face shield, under guidelines updated in response to Melbourne's escalating outbreak. (smh.com.au)
  • WHO has deployed a team of international experts under the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN) to support MoH respond to this outbreak. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • This comes just two days after an earlier 90-day state of emergency, implemented in July in response to the outbreak, ended. (globalissues.org)
  • IPC nurses prepared at the graduate-level, play a critical role in leading preparedness initiatives in these kinds of outbreaks, managing appropriate response interventions and activities, and evaluating the effectiveness of the organization or community's response tactics. (pitchengine.com)
  • Experts from the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN), including experts from neighbouring countries, have been working in Uige Province - the epicentre of the outbreak. (who.int)
  • Early outbreak response efforts demanded a new level of intensity once the scale and further potential for spread was realized. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In response to the Taco John's E. coli outbreak, Taco John's agreed to reimburse ill individuals for medical expenses, and hired a new fresh produce supplier. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although countries can closely track contacts to try to keep an outbreak at bay as Singapore did, the coronavirus is sickening, killing and spreading with each passing day, leaving scientists and political leaders racing to catch up with its relentless pace and new dangers. (firstpost.com)