Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Control Groups: Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Malondialdehyde: The dialdehyde of malonic acid.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Intervention Studies: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Acupuncture Therapy: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Models, Animal: Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.Acupuncture Points: Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Tissue Adhesions: Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Aspartate Aminotransferases: Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 18.104.22.168.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.TurkeyGene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Reperfusion Injury: Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Alanine Transaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 22.214.171.124.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Rats, Inbred F344Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Pamphlets: Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Injections: Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.Electroacupuncture: A form of acupuncture with electrical impulses passing through the needles to stimulate NERVE TISSUE. It can be used for ANALGESIA; ANESTHESIA; REHABILITATION; and treatment for diseases.IranCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Lipid Peroxidation: Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.Mice, Inbred BALB CTumor Necrosis Factor-alpha: Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Superoxide Dismutase: An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 126.96.36.199.Carcinogenicity Tests: Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Breathing Exercises: Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.TriglyceridesApoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Administration, Topical: The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.Protective Agents: Synthetic or natural substances which are given to prevent a disease or disorder or are used in the process of treating a disease or injury due to a poisonous agent.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Drug Combinations: Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Yoga: A major orthodox system of Hindu philosophy based on Sankhya (metaphysical dualism) but differing from it in being theistic and characterized by the teaching of raja-yoga as a practical method of liberating the self. It includes a system of exercises for attaining bodily or mental control and well-being with liberation of the self and union with the universal spirit. (From Webster, 3d ed)Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.CreatinineInjections, Intravenous: Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Interleukin-6: A cytokine that stimulates the growth and differentiation of B-LYMPHOCYTES and is also a growth factor for HYBRIDOMAS and plasmacytomas. It is produced by many different cells including T-LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; and FIBROBLASTS.Infusions, Intravenous: The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Injections, Intraperitoneal: Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Premedication: Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Leukocyte Count: The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.Meditation: A state of consciousness in which the individual eliminates environmental stimuli from awareness so that the mind can focus on a single thing, producing a state of relaxation and relief from stress. A wide variety of techniques are used to clear the mind of stressful outside interferences. It includes meditation therapy. (Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)
Legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon--the first year's experience. (1/236)BACKGROUND AND METHODS: On October 27, 1997, Oregon legalized physician-assisted suicide. We collected data on all terminally ill Oregon residents who received prescriptions for lethal medications under the Oregon Death with Dignity Act and who died in 1998. The data were obtained from physicians' reports, death certificates, and interviews with physicians. We compared persons who took lethal medications prescribed under the act with those who died from similar illnesses but did not receive prescriptions for lethal medications. RESULTS: Information on 23 persons who received prescriptions for lethal medications was reported to the Oregon Health Division; 15 died after taking the lethal medications, 6 died from underlying illnesses, and 2 were alive as of January 1, 1999. The median age of the 15 patients who died after taking lethal medications was 69 years; 8 were male, and all 15 were white. Thirteen of the 15 patients had cancer. The case patients and controls were similar with regard to sex, race, urban or rural residence, level of education, health insurance coverage, and hospice enrollment. No case patients or controls expressed concern about the financial impact of their illness. One case patient and 15 controls expressed concern about inadequate control of pain (P=0.10). The case patients were more likely than the controls to have never married (P=0.04) and were more likely to be concerned about loss of autonomy due to illness (P=0.01) and loss of control of bodily functions (P=0.02). At death, 21 percent of the case patients and 84 percent of the controls were completely disabled (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: During the first year of legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon, the decision to request and use a prescription for lethal medication was associated with concern about loss of autonomy or control of bodily functions, not with fear of intractable pain or concern about financial loss. In addition, we found that the choice of physician-assisted suicide was not associated with level of education or health insurance coverage. (+info)
Should Zelen pre-randomised consent designs be used in some neonatal trials? (2/236)My aim is to suggest that there is a case for using a randomised consent design in some neonatal trials. As an example I use the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. In some trials the process of obtaining consent has the potential to harm the subject, for example, by disappointing those who end in the control group and by creating additional anxiety at times of acute illness. An example of such were the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. Pre-randomised consent could avoid or lessen these harms. However, a number of ethical objections are made to these research designs. They involve denial of information, using people, denial of choice, and "overselling" of allocated treatment. Furthermore, they are the wrong response; better communication might be the answer, for example. I argue that these objections are not completely persuasive. However, they are enough to suggest caution in the use of such designs. (+info)
Ethical considerations in international HIV vaccine trials: summary of a consultative process conducted by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). (3/236)Research that is initiated, designed or funded by sponsor agencies based in countries with relatively high social and economic development, and conducted in countries that are relatively less developed, gives rise to many important ethical challenges. Although clinical trials of HIV vaccines began ten years ago in the US and Europe, an increasing number of trials are now being conducted or planned in other countries, including several that are considered "developing" countries. Safeguarding the rights and welfare of individuals participating as research subjects in developing countries is a priority. In September, 1997, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) embarked on a process of international consultation; its purpose was further to define the important ethical issues and to formulate guidance that might facilitate the ethical design and conduct of HIV vaccine trials in international contexts. This paper summarises the major outcomes of the UNAIDS consultative process. (+info)
Transplantation of embryonic dopamine neurons for severe Parkinson's disease. (4/236)BACKGROUND: Transplantation of human embryonic dopamine neurons into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease has proved beneficial in open clinical trials. However, whether this intervention would be more effective than sham surgery in a controlled trial is not known. METHODS: We randomly assigned 40 patients who were 34 to 75 years of age and had severe Parkinson's disease (mean duration, 14 years) to receive a transplant of nerve cells or sham surgery; all were to be followed in a double-blind manner for one year. In the transplant recipients, cultured mesencephalic tissue from four embryos was implanted into the putamen bilaterally. In the patients who received sham surgery, holes were drilled in the skull but the dura was not penetrated. The primary outcome was a subjective global rating of the change in the severity of disease, scored on a scale of -3.0 to 3.0 at one year, with negative scores indicating a worsening of symptoms and positive scores an improvement. RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) scores on the global rating scale for improvement or deterioration at one year were 0.0+/-2.1 in the transplantation group and -0.4+/-1.7 in the sham-surgery group. Among younger patients (60 years old or younger), standardized tests of Parkinson's disease revealed significant improvement in the transplantation group as compared with the sham-surgery group when patients were tested in the morning before receiving medication (P=0.01 for scores on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale; P=0.006 for the Schwab and England score). There was no significant improvement in older patients in the transplantation group. Fiber outgrowth from the transplanted neurons was detected in 17 of the 20 patients in the transplantation group, as indicated by an increase in 18F-fluorodopa uptake on positron-emission tomography or postmortem examination. After improvement in the first year, dystonia and dyskinesias recurred in 15 percent of the patients who received transplants, even after reduction or discontinuation of the dose of levodopa. CONCLUSIONS: Human embryonic dopamine-neuron transplants survive in patients with severe Parkinson's disease and result in some clinical benefit in younger but not in older patients. (+info)
Disabled picket Medical Research Council.(5/236)(+info)
Who is my brother's keeper? (6/236)Clinical and research practices designed by developed countries are often implemented in host nations of the Third World. In recent years, a number of papers have presented a diversity of arguments to justify these practices which include the defence of research with placebos even though best proven treatments exist; the distribution of drugs unapproved in their country of origin; withholding of existing therapy in order to observe the natural course of infection and disease; redefinition of equipoise to a more bland version, and denial of post-trial benefits to research subjects. These practices have all been prohibited in developed, sponsoring countries, even though they invariably have pockets of poverty where conditions comparable to the Third World prevail. Furthermore, the latest update of the Declaration of Helsinki clearly decries double ethical standards in research protocols. Under these circumstances, it does not seem appropriate that First World scholars should propose and defend research and clinical practices with less stringent ethical standards than those mandatory in their own countries. Recent years have witnessed frequent reports of less stringent ethical standards being applied to both clinical and research medical practices, for the most part in the field of drug trials and drug marketing, initiated by developed countries in poorer nations. Still more unsettling, a number of articles have endorsed the policy of employing ethical norms in these host countries, which would be unacceptable to both the legislations and the moral standards of the sponsor nations. Also, these reformulations often contravene the Declaration of Helsinki or one of its updates. This paper is not so much concerned with the actual practices, which have been subjected to frequent scrutiny and publicly decried when gross misconduct occurred. Rather, my concern relates to the approval and support such practices have found in the literature on bioethics from authors who might be expected to use their energy and scholarship to explore and endorse the universalisability of ethics rather than to develop ad hoc arguments that would allow exceptions and variations from accepted moral standards. To this purpose, issue will be taken with arguments in three fields: medical and pharmaceutical practices, research strategies, and local application of research results. (+info)
Assessing the outcome of compulsory psychiatric treatment in the community: epidemiological study in Western Australia. (7/236)OBJECTIVE: To examine whether community treatment orders for psychiatric patients reduce subsequent use of health services in comparison with control patients not placed on an order. DESIGN: Epidemiological study with a before and after, two stage design of matching and multivariate analysis, controlling for sociodemographic variables, clinical features, and psychiatric history. SETTING: All community based and inpatient psychiatric services in Western Australia, covering a population of 1.7 million people. PARTICIPANTS: 228 subjects placed on a community treatment order, matched with an equal number of controls to give a total of 456 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Inpatient admissions, bed days, and outpatient contacts one year after subjects were placed on a community treatment order or the index date of matched controls. RESULTS: Both subjects and their matched controls had reduced inpatient admissions and bed days in hospital. Subjects had significantly more outpatient contacts. Multivariate analysis indicated that being placed on a community treatment order was associated with increased outpatient contacts in the subsequent year compared with the control group. Otherwise, orders did not affect subsequent use of health services. Other factors associated with increased use of health services were age and inpatient admissions, bed days, and outpatient contacts before the order or index date. No covariates were shown to be associated with changes in within pair differences in inpatient admissions or bed days. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of compulsory treatment in the community does not lead to reduced use of health services. (+info)
Mutation analysis of the inhibin alpha gene in a cohort of Italian women affected by ovarian failure. (8/236)BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a secondary hypergonadotrophic amenorrhoea affecting 1-3% of females, whose aetiology is almost unknown. However, inhibin alpha gene (INHalpha) has recently been indicated as candidate in POF pathogenesis. METHODS: We analysed patients affected by POF (n = 157) for the missense mutation (769G-->A transition) in the exon 2 of the INHalpha gene. The same analysis was carried out on early menopause (EM) (n = 36) and primary amenorrhoea (n = 12) patients. RESULTS: The incidence of the mutation was significantly more frequent within both POF (7/157, 4.5%) (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.030) and primary amenorrhoea (3/12, 25%) (Fisher's exact test, P < 0.001) patients, compared with the control population of women (0/100), who experienced physiological menopause. No mutation was found in EM patients. Furthermore, the likelihood of finding the mutation was statistically significant in familial (5/65; 7.7%) (Fisher's exact test, P < 0.01) but not in sporadic (2/92; 2.2%) (Fisher's exact test, P = not significant) POF, compared with the control group. The analysis of pedigrees showing the inheritance of the 769G-->A mutation and POF strengthens the concept of the disease heterogeneity, since the POF phenotype was not always associated with the mutation. Moreover, a higher prevalence of the C allele of a single nucleotide polymorphism (129C-->T), located in the 5'-UTR of the INHalpha gene, was observed in POF patients (80.3%) than in the control group (66.7%) (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: These data strengthen the concept of the INHalpha gene as a candidate for ovarian failure. (+info)
... ; Storefront for Art & Architecture. ISBN 1499633564. "No. 38 Control Group Inc". Crain's New York. Retrieved 22 ... "Control Group 2013 Retail Technology Survey". Control Group. Retrieved 23 April 2013. Official website. ... "Control Group and Titan Merge to form Intersection" (PDF) (Press release). 23 June 2015. "Control Group and Titan Merge to form ... Control Group was a technology and design consultancy firm, founded in 2001 in Lower Manhattan, New York City, by Campbell ...
Treatment and control groups
In studies of twins involving just one treatment group and a control group, it is statistically efficient to do this random ... Scientific control Wait list control group Blocking (statistics) Hinkelmann, Klaus; Kempthorne, Oscar (2008). Design and ... so that one is in the treatment group and one in the control group. In some medical studies, where it may be unethical not to ... members of the complementary group, the control group, receive either no treatment or a standard treatment. For the conclusions ...
The Control Group
... is also known for vinyl releases and reissues by Spinal Tap, Grandaddy, The Killers, Kings Of Leon, Giorgio ... The Control Group relocated from Seattle to Brooklyn, NY in 2008. Alice Boman Enemy (band) Alexander von Mehren El Perro del ... The Control Group is an independent record label, founded by Nabil Ayers in Seattle, Washington in 2002. Notable artists who ... have released albums on The Control Group include El Perro del Mar, Lykke Li, Cate Le Bon, Alice Boman and Wildbirds & ...
Clinical control group
A clinical control group is a group of individuals, involved in a healthcare experimentation, who do not receive the treatment ... Comparing the results of a group receiving treatment with the clinical control group is essential to help rule out imagined or ... in general the control group and the group receiving the treatment should be as identical as possible. If a drug is being ... the clinical control group was the diabetic patients that did not receive tight blood pressure control. In order to qualify for ...
513th Air Control Group
In March 1996 the Air Force re-activated the 513th Air Control Group (513th ACG) as an Airborne Warning and Control System ( ... The 513th Air Control Group is an Air Reserve Component unit of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the Tenth Air ... In 1997, the group was reassigned under the command of the active duty 552nd Air Control Wing, while remaining a part of the ... The 513th is an associate unit of the 552d Air Control Wing, Air Combat Command (ACC) and if mobilized, the group is gained by ...
6147th Tactical Control Group
6150th Tactical Control Squadron: 25 April 1951 - 20 June 1953. The 6147th Tactical Control Group originated at Taejon, South ... The 6147th Tactical Control Group was a United States Air Force unit that fought in the Korean War. The unit was attached to ... The following day the small group of controllers left for Taegu to organize as a squadron. The 6147th Tactical Control Squadron ... Army with ground tactical air control parties. A year later, the group moved to Chunchon, from where it directed interdiction ...
Wait list control group
A wait list control group, also called a wait list comparison, is a group of participants included in an outcome study that is ... This control group serves as an untreated comparison group during the study, but eventually goes on to receive treatment at a ... Experimental design Scientific control Treatment and control groups Elliott SA, Brown JS. (2002). What are we doing to waiting ... Wait list control groups are often used when it would be unethical to deny participants access to treatment, provided the wait ...
595th Command and Control Group
The 595th Command and Control Group is composed of four squadrons: 1st Airborne Command and Control Squadron, which operates ... The 595th Command and Control Group is an active unit of the United States Air Force. It is organized under Air Force Global ... The mission of the 595th Command and Control Group is to consolidate the Air Force's portion of the nuclear triad, including ... Designated as the 6595th Missile Test Group and activated on 1 May 1970 Redesignated 6595th Test and Evaluation Group on 1 ...
Marine Air Control Group 38
... (MACG-38) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps ... The group relocated to MCAS Miramar in October 1998. MACG-38 units began deploying to Kuwait in 2002 and the entire control ... The Group deployed to Saudi Arabia in August 1990 and later supported Operation Desert Storm. Elements of the group have ... Most recently the Group deployed to Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan in March 2010. They are responsible for providing aviation ...
Marine Air Control Group 48
... (MACG-48) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Naval Station ... Upon the unit's return to Illinois, the control group continued its support of numerous exercises across the globe. The group ... positive and procedural control of aircraft, air defense and aviation command and control. Coordinate all aspects of air ... Marine Air Control Squadron 24 Marine Air Support Squadron 6 Marine Tactical Air Command Squadron 48 Marine Wing Communications ...
Marine Air Control Group 18
... (MACG-18) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps ... positive and procedural control, air traffic control, short range air defense and air defense control to aircraft for the III ... The Marine Air Control Group as a whole provide the 1st Marine Aircraft Wings tactical headquarters, ... Marine Air Control Squadron 4 Marine Air Support Squadron 2 Marine Tactical Air Command Squadron 18 Marine Wing Communications ...
Marine Air Control Group 28
... (MACG-28) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps ... In May 1966, the Group was again re-designated; it would now be known as Marine Air Control Group 2. It was this year that the ... The Group's expanding support and control responsibilities were examined and in 1971 it was determined that the critical ... They were the last Marine units to control the airspace in western Iraq. Several detachments of the group have also deployed to ...
Group Control System
... (GCS) is an operating system made by IBM, meant to run as a guest of VM. GCS is an integral component of ... In order to be able to spread the load over several virtual machines, GCS also implements a notion of group where each group ... A networking monitoring service z/VM 5.3 Group Control System. ... segments when virtual machines unexpectedly leave the group GCS ...
Joint Arms Control Implementation Group
The Joint Arms Control Implementation Group (abbreviated as JACIG) is a specialist defence component affiliated to UK Joint ... "Index of /nuke/control/cfe/cfebook/Chapter 5". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 16 June 2017. "RAF - JACIG Camera ... Hundreds of inspections or visits related to arms control treaties, such as the revised CFE treaty and its adaption discussed ... Forces Command; which carries out a range of arms control and verification functions (including inspection, evaluation, escort ...
546th Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 546th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 33d Air ... Components 792d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, 16 March-4 June 1951 793d Aircraft Control and ... This command and control organization activated on 19 March 1951, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... equipping of new Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) units. It was dissolved with the units being assigned directly to the 33d ...
545th Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 545th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 29th Air ... This command and control organization activated on 1 March 1951, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ... equipping of new Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) units. It was dissolved with the units being assigned directly to the ...
540th Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 540th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 32d Air ... This command and control organization activated on 16 February 1953, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ... equipping of new Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) units. It was dissolved after about a year, with the units being assigned ...
542d Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 542d Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 28th Air ... Established as 542d Aircraft Control and Warning Group Activated on 8 December 1949 Inactivated on 6 February 1952 Disbanded on ... This command and control organization was responsible for Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) stations along the West Coast. ... United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ...
544th Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 544th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 27th Air ... Established as the 544th Aircraft Control and Warning Group Activated on 8 October 1950 Inactivated on 6 February 1952 ... This command and control organization was responsible for the organization, manning and equipping of new Aircraft Control and ... United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ...
543d Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 543d Aircraft Control and Warning Group is a disbanded United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 31st Air ... Established as the 543d Aircraft Control and Warning Group Activated on 8 October 1950 Inactivated on 6 February 1952 Disbanded ... The unit was a Command and Control organization of General Surveillance radar squadrons providing for the air defense of the ... United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ...
503d Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 503d Aircraft Control and Warning Group (AC&WG) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with ... Activated as an ADC Aircraft Control and Warning Group, forming radar squadrons in the late 1940s and the early 1950s and ... On 16 April 1950, the reserve 563d Aircraft Control and Warning Group was activated as a Corollary unit at Roslyn, sharing the ... Constituted as the 503d Aircraft Warning Group, 1 April 1948 Activated on 1 April 1948 Redesignated 503d Aircraft Control and ...
541st Aircraft Control and Warning Group
The 541st Aircraft Control and Warning Group (AC&WG) is a disbanded United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the ... This command and control organization activated on 5 December 1949, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... United States Air Force portal Military of the United States portal List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ... equipping of new Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) units. On 1 May 1950, the reserve 565th AC&WG was activated as a ...
Internet Group Management Protocol with Access Control
The Internet Group Management Protocol with Access Control (IGMP-AC) has been designed for incorporating AAA protocol ... and the access control mechanism of IGMP-AC will take place to join/leave a secured or restricted multicast group only.. ... It will enforce authentication and authorization of an end user or receiver before joining or leaving a secured multicast group ... The IGMP-AC will not disrupt the usual function of the IGMPv3 (to be used for classical multicast group), ...
List of ROC Group Headquarters and UKWMO Sector controls
ROC Group No 1 - Maidstone ROC Group No 2 - Horsham ROC Group No 3 - Oxford ROC Group No 4 - Colchester ROC Group No 5 - ... Yeovil ROC Group No 10 - Exeter ROC Group No 11 - Truro ROC Group No 12 - Bristol ROC Group No 13 - South Wales ROC Group No 14 ... group headquarters at Lawford Heath) 15 Group - Lincoln (group and sector headquarters at RAF Fiskerton) 20 Group - York (group ... Colchester 14 Group - Winchester Midlands sector 6 Group - Norwich (group headquarters at Old Catton) 7 Group - Bedford 8 Group ...
Sand equivalent test
"Sand equivalent test set". Control-Groups.Com. Retrieved 1 September 2013. "Sand Equivalent". Pavement Interactive. "Sand ...
New Melones Dam
The federal Flood Control Act of 1944 authorized the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to build a 355-foot (108 m) arch dam with a ... The environmental group Friends of the River (FOR) was formed in the early 1970s to push a statewide ballot measure, ... The Flood Control Act of 1962 authorized the final design of the dam - changing it from an arch to an embankment dam, ... By controlling the flows of the Stanislaus River, the dam and reservoir make available 200,000 to 280,000 acre⋅ft (250,000 to ...
The Suite Home by Hangar Design Group is designed to be a place of relaxation, to be placed by the sea or in the mountains -- a true getaway from urban or
THE EFFECT OF DUAL SITUATED LEARNING MODEL ON STUDENTS' UNDERSTANDING OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION CONCEPTS | Journal of...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Dual Situated Learning Model (DSLM) on teaching photosynthesis and respiration concepts. The subjects of the study were 61 8th grade students who enrolled in a primary school in İzmir, Turkey. In this study, a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design was utilized and two instruction methods were employed. Two groups were assigned randomly as experimental and control groups. Dual Situated Learning Model instruction was employed in experimental group whereas traditional one was employed in control group. A photosynthesis and respiration concept achievement test (17 items) and open-ended questions (6 items) were used as a measurement tools. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the groups in favor of the experimental group. In parallel, DSLM has been found to be more effective in eliminating misconceptions than traditional method.. ...
ERIC - Some Effects of Televised Instruction on a Basic Speech Course., The Speech Teacher, 1967-Sep
This study proposed to examine the effectiveness of television instruction as compared with three other methods of instruction. Twenty-six sections of Speech 116 at Purdue University were divided into five groups of five or six sections each. All sections met 3 times weekly, and the research was conducted during a consecutive 8-day period. The students were exposed to expository material on small group discussion through one of four ways: observing a television lecture, listening to the identical lecture read from a manuscript by their regular instructors, reading the televised lecture individually, or receiving normally scheduled instruction by their instructors. A control group received no instruction on the topic. A true experimental pre-test--post-test control group design was employed, with the use of
This chapter summarizes the major findings, restrictions, deductions in the field of nursing instruction, nursing pattern, nursing research and recommendations for farther research.. The survey was conducted with the aims to place the effectivity of cryotherapy prior to passive stretching on the degree of spasticity and manus map among kids with intellectual paralysis in Families for kids, Coimbatore. A quasi experimental, pretest post-test with control group design was adopted for the survey. Purposive sampling technique was used to choose the samples for the survey. Entire figure of samples selected for the survey was 30. The selected samples were indiscriminately assigned to experimental and command group instead. Initially the degree of spasticity and manus map was measured utilizing Ashworth graduated table and Zancolli categorization manus map graduated table before intercession. For experimental group, cryotherapy was given for 20 proceedingss prior to passive stretching on the flexor ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Experimental Research - Group Designs. Population and Sample. Sampling. Sample should be representative of population How representative must a sample be? How does one recruit a representative sample? What is the rationale for the selection of a sample? Slideshow 379988 by amish
PSYCH 3204Q2 - PSYCH 3204 CHAPTER 14 QUIZ 1 In an experiment using the independent groups design there are 10 subjects in one...
View Notes - PSYCH 3204Q2 from PSYCH 3204 at University of Central Florida. PSYCH 3204 CHAPTER 14 QUIZ 1. In an experiment using the independent groups design, there are 10 subjects in one group and
This is a randomized single-center parallel study with a control group design. A blinded block randomization in groups of four was performed in equal parts toward the treatment (TPC) or the control (regular standard-of-care) group using randomization.com. Group assignment was kept in a closed envelope which was opened by the participant at the end of the baseline visit. Therefore both, the movement disorder specialist as well as the physiotherapist, were blinded to the randomization result for the baseline assessment up to the beginning of the first physiotherapy training session.. Therapeutic effects were evaluated at follow-up visits after 12 weeks (first visit, short-term effect) and after 26 weeks (second visit, long-term effect) comparing standard-of care with the TPC. Clinical evaluation is stated in detail below. Primary outcome assessment of this study was the change between baseline and follow-up assessment in treatment to control group in the spastic paraplegia rating scale (SPRS) ...
LIEPĀJAS ENERĢIJA boiling plant of 30 MW - AILE group - Design, manufacture, delivery and assembly of glazed structures.
AILE group is one of the leading producers of wood-aluminium and aluminium glazed structures in the Baltic States. Since 1994 AILE grupa leads a successful business in Latvia and abroad.
|p|Grey sleeveless top from Disneys |i|Kingdom Hearts|/i| with a character group design on the front.|/p| |ul| |li|50% cotton; 50% polyester |/li| |li|Wash cold; dry low |/li| |li|Made in USA |/li| |li|Listed in junior sizes |/li| |/ul|
Important note: This Wiki page is edited by participants of the EOWG. It does not necessarily represent consensus and it may have incorrect information or information that is not supported by other Working Group participants, WAI, or W3C. It may also have some very useful information. ...
This Wiki page is edited by participants of the WCAG Working Group. It does not necessarily represent consensus and it may have incorrect information or information that is not supported by other Working Group participants, WAI, or W3C. It may also have some very useful information. ...
Simona Halep, 17 year old Romanian tennis star, will be having a breast reduction operation this fall. Halep won the junior French Open title last year. She is reported to say, "This fall Ill have a breast reduction operation. The breasts make me uncomfortable when I play. Its the weight that troubles me - my ability to react quickly.". Breast reduction (or reduction mammoplasty) is an operation designed to reduce and reshape large breasts. It is a surgical procedure designed to help reduce and in many cases eliminate, the pain and other symptoms associated with large breasts. Discomfort associated with large breasts can include chronic back, neck, and shoulder pain, as well as painful shoulder grooves from bra straps. It can also include chronic rashes under the breasts in the inframammary fold. These are the medical reasons to have a breast reduction. Most insurance companies in the United States will cover breast reduction surgery done for medical reasons. Be sure to check your ...
The decision to have breast reduction surgery is extremely personal. You will have to decide if the benefits will achieve your goals and if the risks of breast reduction surgery and potential complications are acceptable.. Dr. Rocheford and her staff will explain in detail the risks associated with surgery. You will be asked to sign consent forms to ensure that you fully understand the procedure you will undergo and any risks or potential complications. The risks of breast reduction and breast reduction complications include:. ...
INCREASE IN QUALITY OF LIFE AFTER BREAST REDUCTION. Recent medical study shows Breast Reduction Surgery to decrease pain and significantly improve the quality of life.. Large, heavy breasts can cause much physical and psychological pain to women of all backgrounds and ages. Excessive breast size can literally weigh a woman down and throw off her center of gravity and the alignment of her spine. The result is a large array of health problems including chronic back, neck and shoulder pain, strained and overworked muscles, headaches, skin rashes, sagging breasts and stretch marks as well as low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with overall body image. Studies have also shown that women living with this type of physical pain compare their symptoms to other medical conditions with chronic pain such as arthritis, joint pain and low back pain.. Many women who suffer from these physical and emotional problems seek a breast reduction, also known as reduction mammaplasty. This common surgical procedure can ...
Bilateral breast reduction is a surgical procedure performed to remove excess breast tissue from both female breasts for therapeutic or cosmetic indications. The purpose of the breast reduction is to decrease the weight of the breasts and restructure the breast tissue for a more favorable appearance. Typically, a scalpel is used for the skin incision and a traditional electrosurgical device is used to cut away any excess tissue.. The PEAK PlasmaBlade™ uses pulsed radiofrequency (RF) energy and a highly-insulated handpiece design to enable precision cutting and coagulation at the point of application. The PlasmaBlade has received FDA clearance for use in plastic, general, and ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery, and has demonstrated a significantly reduced thermal injury profile in incised tissue compared to traditional electrosurgical devices. It is hypothesized that this benefit may improve the post-operative outcome of patients undergoing bilateral breast reduction.. A total of forty-five ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A cross-sectional validation study of the FICSIT common data base static balance measures. AU - FICSIT Group. AU - Rossiter-Fornoff, Jane E.. AU - Wolf, Steven L.. AU - Wolfson, Leslie I.. AU - Buchner, David M.. AU - Miller, Philip. AU - Province, Michael A.. AU - Schechtman, Kenneth B.. AU - Arfken, Cynthia L.. AU - Rossiter-Fornoff, Jane E.. AU - Hornbrook, Mark C.. AU - Stevens, Victor J.. AU - Wingfield, Darlene J.. AU - Greenlick, Mervyn R.. AU - Tinetti, Mary E.. AU - Baker, Dorothy I.. AU - Claus, Elizabeth B.. AU - Horwitz, Ralph I.. AU - Buchner, David M.. AU - Wagner, Edward H.. AU - De Lateur, Barbara Jane. AU - Cress, M. Elaine. AU - Wee, Robert. AU - Abrass, Itamar B.. AU - Esselman, Peter. AU - Marguerita, Tony. AU - Murlow, Cynthia D.. AU - Gerety, Meghan B.. AU - Cornell, John E.. AU - Denino, Louis A.. AU - Kanten, Deanna. PY - 1995. Y1 - 1995. N2 - Background. Two simple balance scales comprising three or four familiar tests of static balance were developed, ...
Uji efek pemberian ekstrak daun kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) terhadap peningkatan Nitric Oxide (NO) tikus putih (Rattus...
Latar Belakang: Hipertensi merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan utama di Indonesia. Salah satu faktor penyebab hipertensi adalah gangguan produksi dan transpor nitric oxide (NO). Di sisi lain, tanaman kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) yang tersebar luas di Indonesia, dipercaya memiliki khasiat antinosiseptik, antioksidan, antihipertensi dan antimikroba. Daun kersen memiliki kandungan phenolic compunds yang tinggi yang diduga memediasi peningkatan produksi NO melalui modulasi nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dan inhibisi reactive oxygen species (ROS). Tujuan: Untuk Menganalisis efek pemberian ekstrak daun kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) terhadap peningkatan NO tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus). Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental yang dilakukan secara in vivo dengan metode post-test only control group design menggunakan alat ukur nitric oxide strips test . Sampel penelitian yaitu tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus) sebanyak 40 ekor dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol ...
Discusses breast reduction surgery to reshape and reduce breast size. Looks at why it is done and how well it works. Covers what to expect after surgery. Looks at risks, such as scars and infection. Covers what to think about when having breast reduction.
... Surgery in Atlanta Georgia offered by a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon. Information about Breast Reduction Surgery, Breast Reshaping and more.
Reduce pain and discomfort with a breast reduction from Dr Jon Ver Halen. Dr Ver Halen serves the Dallas / Ft Worth area from his Colelyville office.
Breast reduction surgery reduces overly large breasts by removing excessive breast tissue, which results in smaller, more proportionate breasts.
View our breast reduction before and after photo gallery by specialist Dr. Golshani in Beverly Hills. Call (310) 274-3481 to set up a consultation and see the results for yourself.
This guide explains everything you need to know about choosing a surgeon, breast reduction techniques, what to expect after surgery, and more.
Mr Olivers breast reduction surgery patients are happy to share their surgical results showing before and after for their breast surgery.
Are you having discomfort from your large breasts? A breast reduction can relieve the discomfort almost overnight! Schedule an appointment now!
Dr. Ghavami is an experienced LA / Beverly Hills breast reduction surgeon who helps minimize the size of the breasts of women hoping to achieve a more petite bust line.
If youre looking to have a breast reductions surgery in Manchester, find out how UK Aesthetic can help you achieve your desired look with a boob reduction operation. Visit the site today.
Girls Next Door turned Kendra star Kendra Wilkinson is considering a breast reduction -- and her public aint happy about it. When Kendra was…
Selection of Cases and Controls for the Nested Case-control Study within the JACC Study: the First-wave
In this paper, we describe the methodology of the case and control selection for the first-wave nested casecontrolstudy within the JACC Study. Among the subjects participating in the cohort, serum samples of 42,249subjects (including 39,242 subjects aged between 40 and 79 at the baseline) were suitable for biochemical analysis.We here selected those who had died by 1997 or who were diagnosed with cancer with sera until 1994 as cases.For each case, 3 to 4 controls with sera were randomly selected, with matching for gender, age (as near aspossible) and residential area. As a result, 3,144 cases and 10,661 controls (2,867 cases and 10,351 controls were40 to 79 years old at the baseline) were selected to measure serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, TGF-β1 and sFasvalues and total SOD activity. Cases were older and more likely to be men than the JACC Study subjects.Moreover, they were much older than controls because of the age-dependence of susceptibility to death, especiallyamong men. There were more smokers
CON-HUMO focuses on novel concepts for automatic control, based on data-driven human models and machine learning. This enables innovative control applications that are difficult if not impossible to realize using traditional control and identification methods, in particular in the challenging area of smart human-machine interaction. In order to achieve intuitive and efficient goal-oriented interaction, anticipation is a key. For control selection based on prediction, a dynamic model of the human interaction behavior is required, which, however, is difficult to obtain from first principles. In order to cope with the high complexity of human behavior with unknown inputs and only sparsely available training data, we propose to use machine-learning techniques for statistical modeling of the dynamics. In this new field of human interaction modeling - data-driven and machine-learned - control methods with guaranteed properties do not exist. CON-HUMO addresses this niche. Key methodological innovation ...
Breast reduction FAQs 1. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A BREAST REDUCTION AND A LIFT? IF YOU ARE GOING TO REDUCE MY BREAST SIZE, WILL YOU ALSO LIFT MY BREASTS
Women who struggle with overly large breasts, breast reduction surgery can reduce the size of the breasts. Learn about Breast Reduction Toronto & Oshawa.
Breast Reduction Information | Breast Reduction Surgery Recovery Bra | Compression Garments For Breast Reduction
Makemeheal offers breast reduction information, recovery products such as support bras, scar cream, vitamins and more. Using these products can enhance your results and speed up the recovery process.
EFFECT OF LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE INDUCTION OF PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS ON OSTEOCLAST AND OSTEOBLAST CELL NUMBER OF WISTAR RATS' ...
Methods: in vivo laboratory, experimental research was conducted using posttest only control group design. The samples were 20 male Wistar rats divided into 4 groups. Groups I and II were groups injected using LPS P. gingivalis for 6 w and were decapited on the day 3 and day 7, groups III and IV were the control groups (not injected using LPS P. gingivalis) and decapited on the day 3 and day 7. Subsequently, conducting tissue preparation, staining using haematoxilin eosin, and calculating the number of osteoclasts and osteoblasts cells using a microscope (Optilab) with 400x magnification. The results of osteoblast and osteoclast cell calculation were analyzed using ANOVA and LSD one-way test. ...
Her drains were removed the next day after surgery and she commented that her back and shoulder pain was already better. The tapes from her incisions were removed at 10 days after surgery with no healing problems. At her one month follow-up visit, her breasts had a much better and smaller shape and were higher up on her chest wall. Her incisions had continued to heal well.. There is no reason that breast reduction surgery can not be done on someone in their 60s or even older. Despite the magnitude of the procedure in terms of breast tissue trauma and reshaping, wound healing will occur as well as in someone much younger. More importantly, the improvement in musculoskeletal pain may mean more to an older patient who may already have other joint and muscle pains.. Case Highlights:. 1) Breast reduction can have a dramatic impact on reduction of musculoskeletal pain from large breasts.. 2) Very large breasts can be safely reduced with an inferior pedicle technique without free nipple ...
01 Minimized tissue damages In order to minimize nerve damage, we perform breast reduction accurately through monitoring the nerves and blood vessels of the breasts.. 02 No giant and sagging breasts! Imagine yourself with beautiful and resilient breasts! Our well-experienced specialists create resilient and natural-looking breasts.. 03 No scarring! Breast reduction is known as a much more difficult operation than breast augmentation. Therefore, it should be performed by specialists with extensive experience to minimize scarring and maximize patients satisfaction.. 04 No pain! Rapid recovery! We minimize incisions for less pain and rapid recovery from an operation.. ...
Breast reduction by laser liposuction is a minimally invasive surgical procedure through a 3 mm needle hole, devoid of cut and stitch, which is used to reduce the weight and the size of the breast or change the shape. The sagging skin after laser breast reduction is tightened by laser in the same procedure and the breast is reshaped according to the requirements of the patient.. The surgery is done for various cosmetic and medical reasons and has a number of benefits, such as:. ...
Natural male breast reduction products can effectively treat male enlarged breast and replace expensive male breast reduction surgery.
Breast reduction with exchange of implants for large sagging breasts | Carlos Spera Plastic Surgery in Miami
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The candidate for breast reduction is a patient with large breasts with daily physical ( shoulder, neck, back pain) and psychological affects.
Breast reduction is not always a cosmetic choice; it is sometimes a health necessity. In fact, breast enlargement is a common symptom in a number of...
As top a top Seattle breast reduction specialist, Dr. Pratt helps women with extremely large breasts attain smaller, less cumbersome breasts.
Explore the detailed information about the breast reduction procedure and the top hospitals providing the best treatment on the same. Enquire with us for the best quote.
Breast reduction Miami vary depending on breast size and shape, the amount of tissue to remove, and scarring. Learn about costs, recovery and techniques.
As a cosmetic surgeon, Dr. Dana Goldberg sees many patients seeking a breast reduction in Florida. This procedure helps with back pain, headaches and more.
Get rid of back and neck pain caused by overly large breasts with the best Breast Reduction Los Angeles and Beverly Hills has to offer, only with Dr. Younai
An intervention similar to that of breast reduction is carried out in cases in which the breast, without being excessively large in volume, has suffered a significant fall. In these cases, however, tissue resection is minimal, since they are used - sometimes with the aid of a prosthesis - to give adequate volume and projection to the breast, once it has been remodeled in its ideal position.. The scars are similar to those of breast reduction but generally shorter. Reduced tissue resection results in an even lower incidence of postoperative complications.. ...
Inferior Pedicle Breast Reduction Treatment & Management: Preoperative Details, Intraoperative Details, Postoperative Details
Patients with large breasts experience a significant range of symptoms, some severe enough to interfere with activities of daily living. Patients with large heavy breasts commonly report significant neck and shoulder pain.
Dr. Mosser has answers to your breast reduction surgery questions. Hes clinic in San Francisco and Bay Area also specialize breast reduction with liposuction.
Two groups comparable at baseline. At six months, significantly fewer falls occurred in the tai chi group (38 vs 73), with greatest effect achieved after 3 months of training. Also significantly fewer injurious falls in the tai chi group (7 vs 17). Significantly longer time to first fall in tai chi group. Significant intervention effect for the tai chi group on all dynamic balance measures, and significantly lower fear of falling. Benefits appeared sustained six months after end of formal program ...
Sylvia Brickman was 88 years old when she decided to have a breast reduction.Her children were against it, but Brickman, a Philadelphia resident, had gone from a 32A to a 38DD after having children.
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The desired look of the male chest is broad and flat. Some men, unfortunately, struggle with a chest that may appear more feminine in nature. This condition is referred to as gynecomastia. While changes in lifestyle, including diet and exercise, can sometimes help flatten the chest, surgical intervention is often necessary. In this case, patients may turn to Westport plastic surgeon Dr. Anya Kishinevsky for male breast reduction. This procedure removes excess fat and breast tissue, helping to contour a mans chest.. Male breast reduction is a body contouring procedure that is performed to specifically target the aesthetic needs of some men. Men who deal with excess breast tissue that gives the appearance of a feminine chest may turn to this surgery as the only means for removing the tissue.. ...
A small, thin tube may be temporarily placed under the skin to drain any excess blood or fluid that may collect.. You will be given specific instructions for breast reduction recovery that may include how to care for your breasts following breast reduction surgery, medications to apply or take orally to aid healing and reduce the risk of infection, specific concerns to look for at the surgical site or in your general health, and when to follow up with your plastic surgeon. Be sure to ask your plastic surgeon specific questions about what you can expect during your individual recovery period.. ...
In some cases, a woman may not be able to breastfeed after breast reduction surgery. This risk will depend on the type of reduction technique used. The risk will be higher in case of a traditional anchor pattern breast reduction. Several milk ducts are removed in this type of reduction, making it more difficult for a mother to breastfeed in the future. The risk is mitigated if the surgeon applies vertical incision breast reduction. In this case, at least a part of the nipple will remain connected to the milk ducts. Breastfeeding risks in breast reduction are often minimal if the patient has more fatty tissue and less glandular tissue, and breast reduction is performed using liposuction. Sparkling, profound, and celebrity plastic surgeon Dr. Jones receives patients from Atlanta, Buckhead, Stockbridge, Marietta, GA, and nearby areas in this part of the southeast for breast reduction.. See all plastic surgery procedures that Cosmetic Surgeon Dr. Wright Jones performs of the face, nose, body, and ...
Considering male breast reduction surgery in Sydney? Dr Eddy Dona is plastic surgeon offering breast reduction, nose jobs, liposuction & more.
The results of the study showed an average maximum low back compressive force during the lifting task decreased 35% post surgery. The scores on the functional rating index improved 76% . The authors concluded "The results from this study combined with previous research demonstrate that women who undergo medically necessary reduction mammaplasty surgery may be at a decreased risk for disc degeneration and low back disorders. These results warrant additional research to prospectively investigate these individuals.". The authors of the second one concluded that increased testing in breast reduction patients can help to identify patients at-risk of breast cancer, especially patients over 40. The reported incidence of occult breast cancer in reduction mammoplasty patients (RMP) ranges from 0.06% to 4.6% in the literature. The study authors state, "No standard pathology assessment for RMP exists." It is however standard that breast tissue be sent to pathology for testing regardless of the patients ...
The most important factor in the design and performance of a breast reduction is the blood supply and as we repeat so often, the patient can make their significant contribution by not smoking prior to and after the operation. This one factor contributes to many complications. Avoidance of drugs, medicines and tablets containing aspirin and indomethacin and gingko biloba is also very important.. Each individuals blood supply is different both in architecture and magnitude of the vessels. Youth, genetics, pregnancy and breastfeeding can all produce differences in the blood supply. It is an inevitable requirement that some of this blood supply is cut during surgery and it is important that an adequate supply remains. Unfortunately, perhaps due to spasm of the remaining vessels this supply may be inadequate to nourish the remaining tissues and if this occurs, there may be areas of skin at the end of the supply line that do not survive. The two areas most at risk are the corners of the skin scar T ...
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Male Breast Reduction (Gynecomastia) with Liposuction - Cost | Hande Hospital & Hande Medical Centre
Male Breast Reduction treated with Liposuction and excision at Hande Hospital. Cost will be approximately 50,000 to 65,000 rupees.
Our Las Vegas area plastic surgeons perform Breast Reduction Surgery to help women with overly large breasts alleviate pain and improve their quality of life.
Get Breast Reduction Surgery and Treatments in Sodala Jaipur by best & professional Surgeon Deepesh Goyal through latest techniques and equipment.
Find out if you are among the many breast reduction candidates who could greatly benefit from this amazing breast enhancement procedure in Beverly Hills.
SpaMedica clinic offers a number of gynecomastia male breast reduction cosmetic surgery treatments, performed by our reputable cosmetic surgeons
Male breast reduction is an effective treatment for gynecomastia, or enlarged male breasts. Dr Chatson Andover, Nashua, Boston, Salem, Cambridge, Manchester
Make an appointment today for gynecomastia in Beverly Hills. Our team is here to help you improve your confidence and social life.
SmartBeautyGuide.com will empower you to make the most intelligent decisions about your beauty and connect you with the most qualified Aesthetic plastic surgeon whos right for you.
Treatment of gynecomastia in Poltava, prices for breast reduction in men, customer reviews about the treatment of gynecomastia
Clinic of cosmetology and plastic surgery - treatment of gynecomastia in Poltavas leading specialists, call ☎ (0532) 56-02-11.
Well I got a cancellation appointment with the surgeon for this morning. I am hoping to have a breast reduction. All went well. She was very positive...
Breast Reduction, although actually a reconstructive surgical procedure, is used to correct marked breast enlargement, out of proportion to body size, and causing significant back, neck, and shoulder pain, as well as a tendency to rashes and yeast infections in the folds under the breasts. The cause varies but is generally associated with genetic pre-disposition, hormone fluctuation (e.g. puberty, pregnancy, or menopause), or marked weight variation. Breast Reduction is a surgical method of size reduction of the breasts, relieving the weight burden, and usually producing an improvement in breast shape. Mastopexy or Breast Lift is a similar but distinct technique, designed to cosmetically restore a youthful breast shape and tissue firmness, but not remove any breast tissue. Insurance has traditionally covered the cost of Reduction Mammaplasty surgery (but not cosmetic Mastopexy), however, many HMOs and similar discount insurance schemes have found it convenient to deny this service by falsely ...
A study done by Paul Chasan, M.D., FACS, and published in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, indicates a procedure called reductive augmentation is an effective method for achieving a more round-appearing breast.. Even though advanced breast reduction techniques generally lead to a high level of patient satisfaction, limitations still exist. Over time, there is typically less roundness and fullness at the upper area of the breast. The reductive augmentation method helps maintain a full, round breast appearance.. Reductive augmentation (RA) is a one-stage procedure combining breast reduction with breast augmentation (implants). Though adding implants following a reduction may seem counterintuitive, Dr. Chasan points out that when tissue is removed without adding implants, breasts may eventually sag. The RA procedure can also correct breast asymmetry, and address drooping at the bottom of the breast following earlier augmentations.. For Chasans study, 35 women underwent RA; 12 were primary surgeries, and ...
Blackhawk Plastic Surgery specializes in breast reduction to reduce the enlarged breasts for male patients at his Danville office
Breast reduction plastic surgery could be a solution for those who have other complaints as a result of breast size is too large. Before the procedure followed, there are a few things to note. What are they?. You will undergo this procedure must be prepared to undergo surgery. In addition, it should be noted there is also a change in the shape of the body and the risk of scarring. For the age, the requirement can be done during adolescence if the patient is not comfortable with breast shape, both physical and psychological complaints. We recommend that you consult with an experienced plastic surgeon baltimore like Dr Shermak because of the many techniques used will affect the scar. Do not hesitate to ask for photos before after the other to see the results of the operation.. This procedure costs generally depends on the patients condition. Well, after breast diminished, patients are asked to use a special bra for a month. Patients are also given a special ointment for the treatment of scars. ...
... surgery is performed with the patient under general anesthesia. You will be put to sleep so no pain is involved. The technique used to reduce the size of the breasts vary, but the surgeon usually makes an incision around the areola and down the breast. Glandular tissue, fat, and skin is removed from each breast. After all changes are made, incisions are typically closed with absorbable sutures. To support the healing tissues, a compression garment is placed on the patient.. ...
If you are unhappy with the appearance of your chest, you may be suitable for a male breast reduction.. Forty to sixty per cent of men experience breast tissue enlargement. Changes in hormone levels as you grow older and weight gain can contribute to developing gynaecomastia.. If you have noticed changes in this area, you may feel self-conscious and it could be affecting many aspects of your life. You may feel embarrassed physically and psychologically distressed. You shouldnt underestimate the affect this condition could have on your confidence. But, be assured, we have treatments that can help you. ...
Article from ArticleRunner.net and entitled Breast Reduction Can Help You Get Rid Of Back Pain, And Feel Better About Yourself - By SubmitYOURArticle.com Article Distribution
Need Male Breast Reduction near Seattle? Dr. David Pratt has helped many men whove suffered from gynecomastia. Schedule your appointment today! Now serving Bellevue.
Dr. Wendell Perry, MD is a leading plastic surgeon in Miami and recommends Breast Reductions for those looking to improve overall appearance.
Fat Necrosis Pain Staph 9 years after Breast Reduction - Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery - MedHelp
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In your initial consultation, its important to discuss your expectations frankly with your surgeon, and to listen to his or her opinion. Every patient-and every physician, as well-has a different view of what is a desirable size and shape for breasts.. The surgeon will examine and measure your breasts, and will probably photograph them for reference during surgery and afterwards. (The photographs may also be used in the processing of your insurance coverage.) He or she will discuss the variables that may affect the procedure-such as your age, the size and shape of your breasts, and the condition of your skin. You should also discuss where the nipple and areola will be positioned; theyll be moved higher during the procedure, and should be approximately even with the crease beneath your breasts.. Your surgeon should describe the procedure in detail, explaining its risks and limitations and making sure you understand the scarring that will result. The surgeon should also explain the anesthesia he ...
Every woman has different size of breast than the others. Some have the right side, while many arent satisfied with the shape and size they have. For women with excessive breast size, a reduction surgery is available that reduces the shape and size of the bosom by removing excess skin and fat from the breasts.…
Gynecomastia may be caused by the benign enlargement of breast tissue in males. Sometimes called Man Boobs or Moobs, condition can cause embarrassment..
Male (Tummy Tuck, Body Contouring Surgery, Liposuction and Liposculpture, Male Breast Reduction, Calf, Body building, Pectoral...
Dr Patrick Briggs specialises in an array of male body procedures which includes calf, body building, pectoral Implants and Hyperhidrosis . Call 08 9381 9300
8700 West Flagler St. #350 Miami, Florida. 33174 305.552.5259 1840 W 49th St. # 411 Hialeah, FL. 33012 305.698.0070 12575 Orange Drive # 303. Davie, Fl. 33330 954.577.8585 ...
Manual on control of infection in surgical patients - American College of Surgeons. Committee on Control of Surgical Infections...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Manual_on_control_of_infection_in_surgic.html?id=cbJpAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareManual on control of infection in surgical patients ...
Mean duration of the rehabilitation programs was 21 weeks for the NAR group and 22 weeks for the AR group. Arm volumes at three months, six months and two years did not differ between study groups. In both groups arm edema increased significantly over time. VAS ratings for pain and heaviness for the affect limb were significantly higher in the NAR group at three months and six months (p , 0.05) but did not differ between groups at two years. Individuals with a body mass index greater than 25 kg/m2 had in increased risk of developing arm lymphedema (OR 3.42, p , 0.005) at two years. At three and six months, the amount of home physical activity reported by the NAR group was significantly higher (p = 0.001), but there were no differences in this finding between groups at two years. Approximately 13% of patients in each group had arm lymphedema at two years.. ...
Sykes admitted that while lab work was being performed after her breast reduction doctors discovered she had a stage zero cancer.
Dr. Alain Ankri accompanies you during the post-operative part, it is recommended to avoid the violent efforts and the driving during the 1st week. The cosmetic surgeon who performed the breast reduction in Nyon in Switzerland remains at your disposal for any questions.
From Hifu Skin Lifting & Tightening Treatments to Non Surgical Brazilian Bumlifts & Male Breast Reduction Treatments, we carry out some truly amazing treatments
Featuring white walls and large windows on the first floor of a modern 4-story building redesigned by British architect David Chipperfield, the space was designed under the creative direction of Lissoni, together with the Boffi Group Design & Style office, and showcases the groups complete interior design offering with that instinctive taste for beauty and care for objects typical of the brand. "An extraordinary space, quite different from the traditional furniture store, an exceptional loft space that showcases a complete interior design offering," as Roberto Gavazzi, CEO of the group, says.. ...
Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Bawang Putih (Allium Sativum L.), Metformin dan Glibenklamid terhadap Kadar Gula Darah pada Mencit...
Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a physiological disease of glucose homeostasis changes that cause blood glucose levels (KGD) above normal. This condition is often called hyperglycemic. One alternative by herbal remedy that is believed to have hypoglycemic properties is garlic (Allium sativum l.). It contains Allisin and alliin serves as an anti-diabetic agents through a mechanism of insulin stimulation of the pancreas to release more. Objective: Assessing the impact of garlic extract compared to metformin and glibenklmid against KGD aloksan-induced diabetic mice. Methods:This study is a Randomized experimental study of the Pre and Post Test Control Group Design. The sample consisted of twenty mice Mus musculus L. Strain DDW 3-4 months old males who were divided into five groups, namely a negative control groups (K1), a positive control group (K2), and three treatment groups (P1, P2 and P3). In the control groups (K1 and K2) they were given a placebo while for each treatment group were ...
Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Etanol Biji Pepaya (Carica papaya L.) Terhadap Profil Lipid pada Tikus Putih (Rattus novergicus)...
Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Dyslipidemia is characterized by abnormalities in blood lipid profiles. This study aims to determine the effect of ethanol extract of papaya seeds (Carica papaya L.) on lipid profile parameters, namely total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein), and HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) dyslipidemia in rats This study examination of characteristic, . phytochemical screening of simplicia and ethanol extract of papaya seeds, and testing of ethanol extract of papaya seeds on lipid profile. This study uses an experimental method with post-test only control group design with 20 Wistar rats were then divided randomly into 5 groups. Ethanol extract of papaya seeds administered orally at a dose of 200 mg/kg bw and 400 mg/kg bw. Simvastatin dose of 0.9 mg/kg bw administered orally as a positive control. Quail egg yolk 1% body weight and propylthiouracil dose of 9 mg/kg bw administered orally as a control for comparison. ...
Male breast reduction surgery (gynaecomastia) - Removes excess breast tissue, fat and sagging skin sometimes found on men.. Choose Spire Thames Valley Hospital.
Male breast reduction surgery (gynaecomastia) - Removes excess breast tissue, fat and sagging skin sometimes found on men.. Choose Spire Bristol Hospital.
A Breast Implant surgery, or Augmentation Mamaplasty, is performed to increase the breasts size. Breast Reduction surgery, or Reduction Mamaplasty, is to reduce the size and weight of the breasts.
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Men get gynecomastia surgery because they want to decrease the size of their enlarged breast. For some men and boys, they develop extra tissue in their breasts for a number of reasons. One reason a male develops extra breast tissue is because of too much estrogen and not enough testosterone. Estrogen is a female hormone and testosterone is a male hormone. An imbalance of these hormones in a man results in extra-large breasts, commonly knowns as "man boobs".. Male breast reduction surgery is a ground-breaking technique for reducing an excess of glandular tissue which in effect makes the male breast look more feminine. Gynecomastia surgery involves excisional surgery and liposuction.. Puberty plays a role in the development of gynecomastia. However, do to some habits, men may experience enlarged breasts because of too much alcohol consumption, smoking marijuana, prescription medication, steroids, liver disease, and tumors found in the brain, adrenal glands, and testicles. There are a number of ...
Short-Term Effect of Two Semi-Occluded Vocal Tract Training Programs on the Vocal Quality of Future Occupational Voice Users: ...
Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term effect of 2 semi-occluded vocal tract training programs, "resonant voice training using nasal consonants" versus "straw phonation," on the vocal quality of vocally healthy future occupational voice users. Method A multigroup pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. Thirty healthy speech-language pathology students with a mean age of 19 years (range: 17-22 years) were randomly assigned into a resonant voice training group (practicing resonant exercises across 6 weeks, n = 10), a straw phonation group (practicing straw phonation across 6 weeks, n = 10), or a control group (receiving no voice training, n = 10). A voice assessment protocol consisting of both subjective (questionnaire, participants self-report, auditory-perceptual evaluation) and objective (maximum performance task, aerodynamic assessment, voice range profile, acoustic analysis, acoustic voice quality index, dysphonia severity index) measurements and ...
Can Low-Level Laser Therapy Have An Impact For Small Fiber Neuropathy? | Podiatry Today
The limitations of this study include a small patient population and the lack of a control group. Ideally, we would like to ... A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2007;8:51.. 9. Hsieh ST ... However, a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, multi-centered clinical investigation is warranted in order to ... Low-level laser therapy is an emerging technology to help treat and control pain in the lower extremities. Researchers have ...http://www.podiatrytoday.com/can-low-level-laser-therapy-treat-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy?page=1
Effect of community-based yoga intervention on oxidative stress and glycemic parameters in prediabetes: A randomized controlled...
... relative to the control group. In comparison with the control, there was a significant improvement in BMI, waist circumference ... Interventions: Participants were randomized to either 3-month yoga or wait-list control groups. Main outcome measures: ... Design: Randomized-controlled trial. Participants: Twenty nine prediabetes subjects aged 30-75 years. Setting: Yoga was ... Effect of community-based yoga intervention on oxidative stress and glycemic parameters in prediabetes: A randomized controlled ...http://eprints.manipal.edu/137840/
Reflexology Research For Heart, Blood Pressure
were divided into 2 groups.. The control group, made up of in-patients, were given pharmacotherapy. The active group, made up ... The active group did slightly better than the control group and after 2 months improved significantly.. ...http://www.reflexologyresearch.net/ReflexologyHeartResearch8.shtml
Reflexology Research For Constipation, Colon, Colitis
The Reflexotherapy/Biorhythm group had a rate of 80% healed in 3-4 days and 14% healed in 5-6 days. The control group had a ... The Reflexotherapy/Biorhythm group had a cured rate of 90% and a marked effective rate of 10% compared to the control group ... author treated 50 cases of habitual constipation with foot reflexotherapy based on biorhythm in comparison with a control group ...http://www.reflexologyresearch.net/ReflexologyConstipationResearch4.shtml
Control Group - Wikipedia
Control Group; Storefront for Art & Architecture. ISBN 1499633564. "No. 38 Control Group Inc". Crains New York. Retrieved 22 ... "Control Group 2013 Retail Technology Survey". Control Group. Retrieved 23 April 2013. Official website. ... "Control Group and Titan Merge to form Intersection" (PDF) (Press release). 23 June 2015. "Control Group and Titan Merge to form ... Control Group was a technology and design consultancy firm, founded in 2001 in Lower Manhattan, New York City, by Campbell ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_Group
Treatment and control groups - Wikipedia
In studies of twins involving just one treatment group and a control group, it is statistically efficient to do this random ... Scientific control Wait list control group Blocking (statistics) Hinkelmann, Klaus; Kempthorne, Oscar (2008). Design and ... so that one is in the treatment group and one in the control group. In some medical studies, where it may be unethical not to ... members of the complementary group, the control group, receive either no treatment or a standard treatment. For the conclusions ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treatment_and_control_groups
... Creating illusions of wondrous effects of yoga and meditation on health: A skeptic exposes tricks Posted July 19 ... Posted March 1, 2017 by Shaili Jain, MD in addiction, back pain, bioethics, control group, epidemiology, ethics, mental health ... Posted June 14, 2017 by James Coyne PhD in Amy Cuddy, biomarkers, Clinical trials, Conflict of interest, control group, ... Mindfulness researchs huge problem with uninformative control groups Posted June 23, 2016 by James Coyne PhD in alternative ...https://blogs.plos.org/mindthebrain/category/control-group/
For integrator Control Group, strategy takes discipline | ZDNet
For integrator Control Group, strategy takes discipline. In order to free up its technical team for more meaningful client ... Ultimately, Panorama9 enables Control Group to stay focused on whats important. "A client recently wanted to review every ... Such is the case with New York-based Control Group, a strategic consulting firm that has worked on projects for Comedy ... So, in order to spend more time on strategic process consulting and business strategy, Control Group adopted a cloud-based ...http://www.zdnet.com/article/for-integrator-control-group-strategy-takes-discipline/
WikiGenes - Control Groups
control group, P less than 0.05) .. *Four children in the steroid group and seven in the control group eventually required ... in the control group vs. 43% in the gadolinium chloride group, 57% for the TNFR-1(-/-) group, and 86% in the PTX group (P , ... Associations of Control Groups with chemical compounds. *A control group of 165 patients received standard medical treatment ... 18 in the control group; P = 0.02), fewer hospital days (43, vs. 128 in the control group; P = 0.02), fewer days in the ...http://www.wikigenes.org/e/mesh/e/20644.html
Gun Control Group Study Analyzes Firearms Smuggling Cases | KPBS
A Washington DC gun control group says President Barack Obama should ban the import of assault weapons and make public a ... SAN DIEGO A Washington DC gun control group says President Barack Obama should ban the import of assault weapons and make ... Gun Control Group Study Analyzes Firearms Smuggling Cases. Tuesday, April 21, 2009 ... Public Pressure, Background Checks Central To Obama Gun Control Strategy. Feb. 9, 2013. ...http://www.kpbs.org/news/2009/apr/21/gun-control-group-study-analyzes-firearms-smugglin/
b. Avoiding Displacement of Control Group Policies | ASPE
An example of displacement would be reductions in job-training services to control group members because of longer waiting ... since it involves control group members failing to receive services they would have received in the absence of welfare reform. ... Displacement of control group policies is the opposite of spillover, ... Displacement of control group policies is the opposite of spillover, since it involves control group members failing to receive ...https://aspe.hhs.gov/report/approaches-evaluating-welfare-reform-lessons-five-state-demonstrations/b-avoiding-displacement-control-group-policies
The Comparability of Treatment and Control Groups at Randomization : Table 8 | ASPE
The Comparability of Treatment and Control Groups at Randomization. The Comparability of Treatment and Control Groups at ... The Comparability of Treatment and Control Groups at Randomization Examination of the Equivalence of Treatment and Control ... The Comparability of Treatment and Control Groups at Randomization Initial Research Design of the National Long Term Care ... The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0990-0379. The time required to complete this information ...https://aspe.hhs.gov/dataset/comparability-treatment-and-control-groups-randomization-table-8
Getting control of the control group - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Usual and unusual care: existing practice control groups in randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions. ... or control - group. In a review article in the May issue of the journal Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Behavioral Medicine ... "One group gets the active drug. Another gets a placebo sugar pill. Everyone involved is blinded so that no one knows who got ... This kind of study uses a "usual care" comparison group. "One of the biggest challenges is that usual care can mean very ...https://www.healthcanal.com/drugs-approvals-trials/17921-getting-control-of-the-control-group.html
Gun control groups: National CCW reciprocity a public safety 'nightmare'
Gun control groups: National CCW reciprocity a public safety nightmare. 2/28/17. , by Chris Eger Share ... a national control over state control, all trying to keep SOME kind of CONTROL. ... Gun control organizations are characterizing legislation introduced to recognize individual concealed handgun carry permits ... The Controllers KNOW that they have LOST their precious gun control. They are finally admitting that Heller actually stands, ...http://www.guns.com/2017/02/28/gun-control-groups-national-ccw-reciprocity-a-public-safety-nightmare/
Memory and Motor Control Group
... Research interests of our group span from motor control to memory domains: motor imagery, ... Transcranial alternating current stimulation modulates risky decision making in a frequency controlled experiment // eNeuro. ... Role of brain hemispheric dominance in anticipatory postural control strategies. Exp Brain Res 234:1997-2005 ... a group and individual perspective. Front Aging Neurosci. 7, 183 ... Our research groups. *Neuroeconomics group. *Cognitive Control ...https://www.hse.ru/en/cdm-centre/mmcontrol
NRA-ILA | Gun Control Group Would Endanger Military by Politicizing Firearm Procurement Process
The first organization Metro-IAF would like to foist their gun control experiment on is the U.S. Army. The group states, "The ... However, it appears the group would like to extend this strategy to all of federal law enforcement. Under the groups plan, in ... described as a group "aimed at building power for social change," encouraged President Obama to inject gun control politics ... some gun control advocates are intent on reviving a Clinton-era gun control tactic that would pose a danger to our military in ...https://www.nraila.org/articles/20150724/gun-control-group-would-endanger-military-by-politicizing-firearm-procurement-process
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Normal Reference Control Group Testing - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment Normal Controls Other: Cardiac MRI up to 3 Cardiac MRI scans per participant in 1-4 months ... Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Normal Reference Control Group Testing. The safety and scientific validity of this ... Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Normal Reference Control Group Testing - Ancillary Study to Coronary Endothelial Function ... Groups and Cohorts Outcome Measures Eligibility Criteria Contacts and Locations More Information ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00573339
Association analysis using next-generation sequence data from publicly available control groups: the robust variance score...
Association analysis using next-generation sequence data from publicly available control groups: the robust variance score ... Association analysis using next-generation sequence data from publicly available control groups: the robust variance score ... Association analysis using next-generation sequence data from publicly available control groups: the robust variance score ... Association analysis using next-generation sequence data from publicly available control groups: the robust variance score ...https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24733292
Bird Control Group uses autonomous lasers to repel birds for California vineyard | Automation.com
After having contacted Bird Control Group, Jim had 4 solar powered lasers installed on poles to cover the entire vineyard. As a ... Bird Control Group uses autonomous lasers to repel birds for California vineyard. ... Bird Control Group uses autonomous lasers to repel birds for California vineyard ... WELTEC Group to modernize 2.2-MW Biogas Plant in North Germany The original plant had been set up in 2009 and expanded in 2014 ...https://www.automation.com/automation-news/industry/bird-control-group-uses-autonomous-lasers-to-repel-birds-for-california-vineyard
Bird Control Group uses autonomous lasers to repel birds for California vineyard | Automation.com
After having contacted Bird Control Group, Jim had 4 solar powered lasers installed on poles to cover the entire vineyard. As a ... Bird Control Group uses autonomous lasers to repel birds for California vineyard. ... Bird Control Group uses autonomous lasers to repel birds for California vineyard ... Object Management Group issues two RFPs to create new standards Organizations interested in submitting must send a letter of ...https://www.automation.com/library/comics/otto-has-the-cap-comic-series/bird-control-group-uses-autonomous-lasers-to-repel-birds-for-california-vineyard
Building Controls Group - How is Building Controls Group abbreviated?
Looking for abbreviations of BCG? It is Building Controls Group. Building Controls Group listed as BCG ... Building Controls Group - How is Building Controls Group abbreviated? https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/Building+Controls+ ... Boston Culinary Group (est. 1961; Boston, MA). BCG. Bilié de Calmette et Guérin (French: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin; tuberculosis ...https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/Building+Controls+Group
High Fructose Corn Syrup and Memory Loss Research Study Needs a Control Group
With two variables and no control group, I am not willing to buy into any of these theories just yet. I would like to see ... High Fructose Corn Syrup and Memory Loss Research Study Needs a Control Group. Yet again it seems that mass media is not ... the study was not done with a control group on a regular diet, just rats eating HFCS and other rats eating HFCS with omega-3 ... additional research done with control groups. I would like to see further research where the rats are allowed to continue to ...https://www.dietsinreview.com/diet_column/06/high-fructose-corn-syrup-and-memory-loss-research-study-needs-a-control-group/
Why the vaccine industry REFUSES to conduct clinical trials using a genuine placebo control group - NaturalNews.com
Why the vaccine industry REFUSES to conduct clinical trials using a genuine placebo control group. Tuesday, March 12, 2019 by: ... Vaccine studies are also designed to compared vaccinated people to other vaccinated people, rather than to a true control group ... "Such studies would require an adequate number of subjects, a long duration (years, not days), an unvaccinated control group ( ... Why the vaccine industry REFUSES to conduct clinical trials using a genuine placebo control group ...https://www.naturalnews.com/2019-03-12-why-the-vaccine-industry-refuses-to-conduct-clinical-trials-using-a-genuine-placebo-control-group.html
Trunk motion and gait characteristics of pregnant women when walking: report of a longitudinal study with a control group. -...
A control group of twelve non-pregnant nulliparous women were tested on three occasions over the same time period. The ... Trunk motion and gait characteristics of pregnant women when walking: report of a longitudinal study with a control group.. ... A longitudinal repeated measures design over pregnancy and post-birth, with a control group would provide insight into the ... Trunk motion and gait characteristics of pregnant women when walking: report of a longitudinal study with a control group ...https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23514204?dopt=Abstract
blood pressure non drug control - Groups - MiGente.com
... group. Empower people how to live free of blood hypertesion risks using natural and physiological practices. MiGente.com is a ...http://www.migente.com/groups/group.html?group_url_name=bloodpressure
- Such studies would require an adequate number of subjects, a long duration (years, not days), an unvaccinated control group ('placebo' must be truly inactive such as saline, not the adjuvant or everything-but-the-intended-antigen), and consideration of all adverse health events (including neurodevelopment disorders)," the AAPS admits, in no uncertain terms. (naturalnews.com)
- They refuse to use saline solutions as the placebo because then the toxic effects of the adjuvants would be obvious in the experiment group. (naturalnews.com)
- Birth Control - Can you still get pregnant during placebo week? (drugs.com)
- In behavioral studies, volunteers are randomly assigned either to investigational behavioral treatments or to comparison groups that often receive what scientists call "usual care. (healthcanal.com)
- But determining a behavioral treatment's effectiveness requires that comparison groups meet high scientific standards. (healthcanal.com)
- Usual and unusual care: existing practice control groups in randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions. (healthcanal.com)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
- Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
- Several countries in Europe, South America, and Australia are experiencing outbreaks of group W meningococcal (MenW) disease, caused by a hypervirulent strain of Neisseria meningitides belonging to sequence type 11 (ST11) clonal complex (CC) and associated with severe disease and a high case-fatality rate ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Patients with stage 0-III disease were recruited prior to XRT (baseline) and randomized to one of three groups: Yoga (YG-n=53) or Stretching program (STR-n=56) 3 times a week for 6 weeks during XRT or Waitlist Control (WLC-n=54). (biomedcentral.com)
- This kind of study uses a "usual care" comparison group. (healthcanal.com)
- QQ plot for P -values from an association study with 50 HRD cases and 150 LRD controls, as a function of MAF. (nih.gov)
- Unfortunately, the study was not done with a control group on a regular diet, just rats eating HFCS and other rats eating HFCS with omega-3 fatty acids , so it is difficult to draw any solid conclusions from the research. (dietsinreview.com)
- Trunk motion and gait characteristics of pregnant women when walking: report of a longitudinal study with a control group. (nih.gov)
- This is the first yoga study in oncology to include an active control group, suggesting that the benefits of yoga are due to more than simple stretching or other indirect effects. (biomedcentral.com)
- In an opinion piece for the Saturday edition of the New York Times , several representatives of the Metro Industrial Areas Foundation , described as a group "aimed at building power for social change," encouraged President Obama to inject gun control politics into federal firearms acquisition procedure. (nraila.org)
- More specifically, Metro-IAF wants the president to exercise the federal government's purchasing power to reward firearms manufacturers that acquiesce to "voluntary" gun control measures in its dealings with civilian gun owners, and punish those that refuse to curb the rights of American gun owners. (nraila.org)
- On June 23, 2015, Control Group and advertising firm Titan announced their merger into one company, known as Intersection, and acquisition by a consortium of investors led by Sidewalk Labs, a subsidiary of Google. (wikipedia.org)
- BRC Global Standards (BRC GS) has today announced the acquisition of Allergen Control Group, Inc. (ACG), owner and operator of the Gluten-Free Certification Program (GFCP), the food industry's only ISO 17021-accredited management system certification scheme for gluten-free food manufacturing facilities. (lgcgroup.com)
- In some medical studies, where it may be unethical not to treat patients who present with symptoms, controls may be given a standard treatment, rather than no treatment at all. (wikipedia.org)
- When people hear about randomized controlled treatment studies, they usually think about drug trials," Freedland says. (healthcanal.com)
- Vaccine studies are also designed to compared vaccinated people to other vaccinated people, rather than to a true control group of unvaccinated people. (naturalnews.com)
- So different people in our usual care group are getting different kinds of usual care. (healthcanal.com)
- Less than half the people in the control group (who were not put on the program) showed any improvement. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Join the ' Birth Control ' group to help and get support from people like you. (drugs.com)
- Displacement of control group policies is the opposite of spillover, since it involves control group members failing to receive services they would have received in the absence of welfare reform. (hhs.gov)
- An example of displacement would be reductions in job-training services to control group members because of longer waiting lists arising from welfare reform. (hhs.gov)
- As with spillover, a certain degree of displacement is likely to occur in an experimental evaluation, since the administration of two programs in the same research site may reduce the resources available for administering services to members of the control group. (hhs.gov)
- Our support group for Birth Control has 4,029 questions and 3,233 members. (drugs.com)
- Nonetheless, the risk of displacement may be reduced by seeking to preserve enough administrative resources for the continuation of control group policies and by maintaining separate staff to administer experimental and control group policies to avoid any manipulation by program administrators. (hhs.gov)
- One group gets the active drug. (healthcanal.com)
- Instead, the vaccine industry tests its vaccines against "controls" that contain all of the same chemicals and ingredients as the vaccines themselves, minus the viral and/or bacterial components that function as these vaccines' active ingredients. (naturalnews.com)
- We also demonstrate that, using simulated and real NGS data, the RVS method controls Type I error and has comparable power to the 'gold standard' analysis with the true underlying genotypes for both common and rare variants. (nih.gov)
- Workflow proposed for the NGS association analysis when external NGS control data are used. (nih.gov)
- We assume both case and control NGS data have passed standard quality control metrics. (nih.gov)
- The first organization Metro-IAF would like to foist their gun control experiment on is the U.S. Army. (nraila.org)
- This command and control organization activated on 19 March 1951, and was responsible for the organization, manning and equipping of new Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) units. (wikipedia.org)
- So, in order to spend more time on strategic process consulting and business strategy, Control Group adopted a cloud-based management service from Panorama9 to build ongoing support into its multi-environment, hybrid installations and solutions. (zdnet.com)
- However, it appears the group would like to extend this strategy to all of federal law enforcement. (nraila.org)
- The danger is so acute that even the country's foremost champion of gun control, ex-New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg , has rejected this strategy. (nraila.org)
- Asterisk indicates that ideally cases and controls would also be matched on sequencing platform and enrichment strategy. (nih.gov)
- Assuming one can match cases and controls on the basis of ethnicity and other potential confounding factors, and one has access to the aligned reads in both groups, we investigate the effect of systematic differences in read depth and selection threshold when comparing allele frequencies between cases and controls. (nih.gov)
- There were 69% fewer group W meningococcal cases than predicted by trend analysis and no cases in vaccinated teenagers. (cdc.gov)