Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
The dialdehyde of malonic acid.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.
Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.
Glucose in blood.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 2.6.1.1.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The period following a surgical operation.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.6.1.2.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
A form of acupuncture with electrical impulses passing through the needles to stimulate NERVE TISSUE. It can be used for ANALGESIA; ANESTHESIA; REHABILITATION; and treatment for diseases.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.
Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 1.15.1.1.
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
The consumption of edible substances.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Synthetic or natural substances which are given to prevent a disease or disorder or are used in the process of treating a disease or injury due to a poisonous agent.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Pain during the period after surgery.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
A major orthodox system of Hindu philosophy based on Sankhya (metaphysical dualism) but differing from it in being theistic and characterized by the teaching of raja-yoga as a practical method of liberating the self. It includes a system of exercises for attaining bodily or mental control and well-being with liberation of the self and union with the universal spirit. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
Material prepared from plants.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A cytokine that stimulates the growth and differentiation of B-LYMPHOCYTES and is also a growth factor for HYBRIDOMAS and plasmacytomas. It is produced by many different cells including T-LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; and FIBROBLASTS.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
A state of consciousness in which the individual eliminates environmental stimuli from awareness so that the mind can focus on a single thing, producing a state of relaxation and relief from stress. A wide variety of techniques are used to clear the mind of stressful outside interferences. It includes meditation therapy. (Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)
An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 1.11.1.9.

Legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon--the first year's experience. (1/236)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: On October 27, 1997, Oregon legalized physician-assisted suicide. We collected data on all terminally ill Oregon residents who received prescriptions for lethal medications under the Oregon Death with Dignity Act and who died in 1998. The data were obtained from physicians' reports, death certificates, and interviews with physicians. We compared persons who took lethal medications prescribed under the act with those who died from similar illnesses but did not receive prescriptions for lethal medications. RESULTS: Information on 23 persons who received prescriptions for lethal medications was reported to the Oregon Health Division; 15 died after taking the lethal medications, 6 died from underlying illnesses, and 2 were alive as of January 1, 1999. The median age of the 15 patients who died after taking lethal medications was 69 years; 8 were male, and all 15 were white. Thirteen of the 15 patients had cancer. The case patients and controls were similar with regard to sex, race, urban or rural residence, level of education, health insurance coverage, and hospice enrollment. No case patients or controls expressed concern about the financial impact of their illness. One case patient and 15 controls expressed concern about inadequate control of pain (P=0.10). The case patients were more likely than the controls to have never married (P=0.04) and were more likely to be concerned about loss of autonomy due to illness (P=0.01) and loss of control of bodily functions (P=0.02). At death, 21 percent of the case patients and 84 percent of the controls were completely disabled (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: During the first year of legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon, the decision to request and use a prescription for lethal medication was associated with concern about loss of autonomy or control of bodily functions, not with fear of intractable pain or concern about financial loss. In addition, we found that the choice of physician-assisted suicide was not associated with level of education or health insurance coverage.  (+info)

Should Zelen pre-randomised consent designs be used in some neonatal trials? (2/236)

My aim is to suggest that there is a case for using a randomised consent design in some neonatal trials. As an example I use the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. In some trials the process of obtaining consent has the potential to harm the subject, for example, by disappointing those who end in the control group and by creating additional anxiety at times of acute illness. An example of such were the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. Pre-randomised consent could avoid or lessen these harms. However, a number of ethical objections are made to these research designs. They involve denial of information, using people, denial of choice, and "overselling" of allocated treatment. Furthermore, they are the wrong response; better communication might be the answer, for example. I argue that these objections are not completely persuasive. However, they are enough to suggest caution in the use of such designs.  (+info)

Ethical considerations in international HIV vaccine trials: summary of a consultative process conducted by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). (3/236)

Research that is initiated, designed or funded by sponsor agencies based in countries with relatively high social and economic development, and conducted in countries that are relatively less developed, gives rise to many important ethical challenges. Although clinical trials of HIV vaccines began ten years ago in the US and Europe, an increasing number of trials are now being conducted or planned in other countries, including several that are considered "developing" countries. Safeguarding the rights and welfare of individuals participating as research subjects in developing countries is a priority. In September, 1997, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) embarked on a process of international consultation; its purpose was further to define the important ethical issues and to formulate guidance that might facilitate the ethical design and conduct of HIV vaccine trials in international contexts. This paper summarises the major outcomes of the UNAIDS consultative process.  (+info)

Transplantation of embryonic dopamine neurons for severe Parkinson's disease. (4/236)

BACKGROUND: Transplantation of human embryonic dopamine neurons into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease has proved beneficial in open clinical trials. However, whether this intervention would be more effective than sham surgery in a controlled trial is not known. METHODS: We randomly assigned 40 patients who were 34 to 75 years of age and had severe Parkinson's disease (mean duration, 14 years) to receive a transplant of nerve cells or sham surgery; all were to be followed in a double-blind manner for one year. In the transplant recipients, cultured mesencephalic tissue from four embryos was implanted into the putamen bilaterally. In the patients who received sham surgery, holes were drilled in the skull but the dura was not penetrated. The primary outcome was a subjective global rating of the change in the severity of disease, scored on a scale of -3.0 to 3.0 at one year, with negative scores indicating a worsening of symptoms and positive scores an improvement. RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) scores on the global rating scale for improvement or deterioration at one year were 0.0+/-2.1 in the transplantation group and -0.4+/-1.7 in the sham-surgery group. Among younger patients (60 years old or younger), standardized tests of Parkinson's disease revealed significant improvement in the transplantation group as compared with the sham-surgery group when patients were tested in the morning before receiving medication (P=0.01 for scores on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale; P=0.006 for the Schwab and England score). There was no significant improvement in older patients in the transplantation group. Fiber outgrowth from the transplanted neurons was detected in 17 of the 20 patients in the transplantation group, as indicated by an increase in 18F-fluorodopa uptake on positron-emission tomography or postmortem examination. After improvement in the first year, dystonia and dyskinesias recurred in 15 percent of the patients who received transplants, even after reduction or discontinuation of the dose of levodopa. CONCLUSIONS: Human embryonic dopamine-neuron transplants survive in patients with severe Parkinson's disease and result in some clinical benefit in younger but not in older patients.  (+info)

Disabled picket Medical Research Council.(5/236)

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Who is my brother's keeper? (6/236)

Clinical and research practices designed by developed countries are often implemented in host nations of the Third World. In recent years, a number of papers have presented a diversity of arguments to justify these practices which include the defence of research with placebos even though best proven treatments exist; the distribution of drugs unapproved in their country of origin; withholding of existing therapy in order to observe the natural course of infection and disease; redefinition of equipoise to a more bland version, and denial of post-trial benefits to research subjects. These practices have all been prohibited in developed, sponsoring countries, even though they invariably have pockets of poverty where conditions comparable to the Third World prevail. Furthermore, the latest update of the Declaration of Helsinki clearly decries double ethical standards in research protocols. Under these circumstances, it does not seem appropriate that First World scholars should propose and defend research and clinical practices with less stringent ethical standards than those mandatory in their own countries. Recent years have witnessed frequent reports of less stringent ethical standards being applied to both clinical and research medical practices, for the most part in the field of drug trials and drug marketing, initiated by developed countries in poorer nations. Still more unsettling, a number of articles have endorsed the policy of employing ethical norms in these host countries, which would be unacceptable to both the legislations and the moral standards of the sponsor nations. Also, these reformulations often contravene the Declaration of Helsinki or one of its updates. This paper is not so much concerned with the actual practices, which have been subjected to frequent scrutiny and publicly decried when gross misconduct occurred. Rather, my concern relates to the approval and support such practices have found in the literature on bioethics from authors who might be expected to use their energy and scholarship to explore and endorse the universalisability of ethics rather than to develop ad hoc arguments that would allow exceptions and variations from accepted moral standards. To this purpose, issue will be taken with arguments in three fields: medical and pharmaceutical practices, research strategies, and local application of research results.  (+info)

Assessing the outcome of compulsory psychiatric treatment in the community: epidemiological study in Western Australia. (7/236)

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether community treatment orders for psychiatric patients reduce subsequent use of health services in comparison with control patients not placed on an order. DESIGN: Epidemiological study with a before and after, two stage design of matching and multivariate analysis, controlling for sociodemographic variables, clinical features, and psychiatric history. SETTING: All community based and inpatient psychiatric services in Western Australia, covering a population of 1.7 million people. PARTICIPANTS: 228 subjects placed on a community treatment order, matched with an equal number of controls to give a total of 456 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Inpatient admissions, bed days, and outpatient contacts one year after subjects were placed on a community treatment order or the index date of matched controls. RESULTS: Both subjects and their matched controls had reduced inpatient admissions and bed days in hospital. Subjects had significantly more outpatient contacts. Multivariate analysis indicated that being placed on a community treatment order was associated with increased outpatient contacts in the subsequent year compared with the control group. Otherwise, orders did not affect subsequent use of health services. Other factors associated with increased use of health services were age and inpatient admissions, bed days, and outpatient contacts before the order or index date. No covariates were shown to be associated with changes in within pair differences in inpatient admissions or bed days. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of compulsory treatment in the community does not lead to reduced use of health services.  (+info)

Mutation analysis of the inhibin alpha gene in a cohort of Italian women affected by ovarian failure. (8/236)

BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a secondary hypergonadotrophic amenorrhoea affecting 1-3% of females, whose aetiology is almost unknown. However, inhibin alpha gene (INHalpha) has recently been indicated as candidate in POF pathogenesis. METHODS: We analysed patients affected by POF (n = 157) for the missense mutation (769G-->A transition) in the exon 2 of the INHalpha gene. The same analysis was carried out on early menopause (EM) (n = 36) and primary amenorrhoea (n = 12) patients. RESULTS: The incidence of the mutation was significantly more frequent within both POF (7/157, 4.5%) (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.030) and primary amenorrhoea (3/12, 25%) (Fisher's exact test, P < 0.001) patients, compared with the control population of women (0/100), who experienced physiological menopause. No mutation was found in EM patients. Furthermore, the likelihood of finding the mutation was statistically significant in familial (5/65; 7.7%) (Fisher's exact test, P < 0.01) but not in sporadic (2/92; 2.2%) (Fisher's exact test, P = not significant) POF, compared with the control group. The analysis of pedigrees showing the inheritance of the 769G-->A mutation and POF strengthens the concept of the disease heterogeneity, since the POF phenotype was not always associated with the mutation. Moreover, a higher prevalence of the C allele of a single nucleotide polymorphism (129C-->T), located in the 5'-UTR of the INHalpha gene, was observed in POF patients (80.3%) than in the control group (66.7%) (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: These data strengthen the concept of the INHalpha gene as a candidate for ovarian failure.  (+info)

The Suite Home by Hangar Design Group is designed to be a place of relaxation, to be placed by the sea or in the mountains -- a true getaway from urban or
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Dual Situated Learning Model (DSLM) on teaching photosynthesis and respiration concepts. The subjects of the study were 61 8th grade students who enrolled in a primary school in İzmir, Turkey. In this study, a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design was utilized and two instruction methods were employed. Two groups were assigned randomly as experimental and control groups. Dual Situated Learning Model instruction was employed in experimental group whereas traditional one was employed in control group. A photosynthesis and respiration concept achievement test (17 items) and open-ended questions (6 items) were used as a measurement tools. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the groups in favor of the experimental group. In parallel, DSLM has been found to be more effective in eliminating misconceptions than traditional method.. ...
This study proposed to examine the effectiveness of television instruction as compared with three other methods of instruction. Twenty-six sections of Speech 116 at Purdue University were divided into five groups of five or six sections each. All sections met 3 times weekly, and the research was conducted during a consecutive 8-day period. The students were exposed to expository material on small group discussion through one of four ways: observing a television lecture, listening to the identical lecture read from a manuscript by their regular instructors, reading the televised lecture individually, or receiving normally scheduled instruction by their instructors. A control group received no instruction on the topic. A true experimental pre-test--post-test control group design was employed, with the use of
This chapter summarizes the major findings, restrictions, deductions in the field of nursing instruction, nursing pattern, nursing research and recommendations for farther research.. The survey was conducted with the aims to place the effectivity of cryotherapy prior to passive stretching on the degree of spasticity and manus map among kids with intellectual paralysis in Families for kids, Coimbatore. A quasi experimental, pretest post-test with control group design was adopted for the survey. Purposive sampling technique was used to choose the samples for the survey. Entire figure of samples selected for the survey was 30. The selected samples were indiscriminately assigned to experimental and command group instead. Initially the degree of spasticity and manus map was measured utilizing Ashworth graduated table and Zancolli categorization manus map graduated table before intercession. For experimental group, cryotherapy was given for 20 proceedingss prior to passive stretching on the flexor ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Experimental Research - Group Designs. Population and Sample. Sampling. Sample should be representative of population How representative must a sample be? How does one recruit a representative sample? What is the rationale for the selection of a sample? Slideshow 379988 by amish
View Notes - PSYCH 3204Q2 from PSYCH 3204 at University of Central Florida. PSYCH 3204 CHAPTER 14 QUIZ 1. In an experiment using the independent groups design, there are 10 subjects in one group and
The search for evidence-based math interventions that are easy to use and impact academic achievement are in demand, and the impact that these interventions can have on students who struggle with math achievement is of concern. In this study, the effects of Reflex math computerized intervention to improve the automaticity of basic math facts among male and female middle school students identified as at-risk for academic failure in mathematics was examined according to differences in mean scores and based on gender. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design was used for the purposes of the study. Convenience sampling among students receiving or qualifying for response to intervention services for math was used to determine the study participants. The Basic Math Operations Task (BMOT) served as the pretest and posttest against which differences in mean scores were determined with analysis of covariance used to examine the differences. Results as well as assumptions,
Adolescence is the phase that comes during the second decade of a human beings life (10-19years).During this period, the growth is accelerated by major physical changes in both boys and girls. In 10- to 12-year-old children, 28% to 61% of the population has clinically diagnosed acne, whereas 79% to 95% of 16- to 18-year-old adolescents are affected. Apart from all the alternative measures, mud therapy was highly effectiveness to prevent acne vulgaris among adolescent girls. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of mud therapy on acne vulgaris among adolescent girls. Quasi-experimental one group Pre and Posttest with control Group design was used. 30 adolescent girls were included in the study. Convenient sampling technique was used in the study. Mud therapy was applied for 45 min once a day for 30 days in experimental group. The data was obtained by using a demographic proforma and global acne assessment scale for adolescent girls. After intervention Results showed in control group 67% of
The effect of non-directive play the rapyon development was examined among mentally challenged children in selected institutions ofCoimbatore. The research design adopted for this study was Quasi-experimental, pre-test post-test control group design. Stratified random sampling was adopted to choose the sample. The population was divided into three strata based on the level of Intelligent Quotient (I.Q) such as mild, moderate and severe mental retardation. There was only one sample in the first strata and it was excluded from the study (mild). The second strata consist of 14 participants (moderate) and third strata consist of 2 participants (severe). On lottery method from each stratum, equal numbers of samples (8) were alternatively allocated to experimental and control group respectively. The developmental level of mentally challenged children was assessed using Developmental Delay Preschool Scale (American speech-language-hearing association 1983). Non-directive play therapy was imparted as an
This is a randomized single-center parallel study with a control group design. A blinded block randomization in groups of four was performed in equal parts toward the treatment (TPC) or the control (regular standard-of-care) group using randomization.com. Group assignment was kept in a closed envelope which was opened by the participant at the end of the baseline visit. Therefore both, the movement disorder specialist as well as the physiotherapist, were blinded to the randomization result for the baseline assessment up to the beginning of the first physiotherapy training session.. Therapeutic effects were evaluated at follow-up visits after 12 weeks (first visit, short-term effect) and after 26 weeks (second visit, long-term effect) comparing standard-of care with the TPC. Clinical evaluation is stated in detail below. Primary outcome assessment of this study was the change between baseline and follow-up assessment in treatment to control group in the spastic paraplegia rating scale (SPRS) ...
Kanker payudara adalah penyakit penyebab kematian yang tinggi di dunia. Salah satu aktivitas yang abnormal terjadi karena Cyclin-D pada tahap siklus sel. Alternatif pengobatan menggunakan umbi keladi tikus yang mengandung asam linoleat. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui ekspresi Cyclin-D pada cell-line kanker payudara T47D dengan perlakuan ekstrak umbi keladi tikus (Typhonium Flagelliforme). Jenis penelitian dengan Post Test Only Control Group Design. Menggunakan subjek penelitian cell-line kanker payudara T47D yang telah confluence 80 % dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok. Kelompok I: sebagai kontrol, Kelompok II : dosis 29,075 µg/ml; kelompok III: dosis 58, 151 µg/ml dan kelompok IV: dosis 116,302 µg/ml. Rerata Ekspresi Cyclin-D dianalisis dengan oneway-Anova dilanjutkan uji Post Hoc LSD (Least Significant Difference). Hasil rerata prosentase ekspresi Cyclin-D kelompok kontrol = 18,20%; kelompok dosis 29,075 = 7,66 %; kelompok dosis 58,151 = 3,33 %; kelompok dosis 116,302 = 6,93 %. Hasil uji ...
Latar Belakang: Bising intermiten bisa menimbulkan stres yang merangsang HPA axis untuk menyebabkan kerusakan duodenum. Akupunktur sudah diindikasikan untuk terapi ulkus duodenum. Tujuan penelitian ini mempelajari pengaruh elektroakupunktur titik Zusanli (ST 36) dan Zhongwan (CV 12) terhadap perbaikan gambaran histologis duodenum tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus) yang terpapar bising intermiten. Metode Penelitian: Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimental laboratoris dengan rancangan the post-test only control group design. Subyek penelitian adalah tikus putih jantan (Rattus norvegicus) galur Wistar sebanyak 28 ekor yang dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok secara random, yaitu Kelompok Kontrol (K) yaitu kelompok yang tidak mendapat perlakuan, Kelompok Perlakuan 1 (P1) yaitu kelompok yang mendapat paparan bising, Kelompok Perlakuan 2 (P2) yaitu kelompok yang mendapat paparan bising dan dibiarkan mengalami recovery fisiologis selama 30 hari, dan Kelompok Perlakuan 3 (P3) yaitu kelompok yang mendapat
Mexican architecture firm RIMA Design Group has connected several rammed earth structures with wood pergolas to form an arts centre in Los Cabos, Mexico.
AILE group is one of the leading producers of wood-aluminium and aluminium glazed structures in the Baltic States. Since 1994 AILE grupa leads a successful business in Latvia and abroad.
Information empowers as well as liberates and serves to keep the authority as well as the public well informed as a constant check and balance measure for the overall good of the country. Tomorrow being World Press Freedom Day, should the government then abolish all licensing requirement and press & printing acts to facilitate the…
|p|Grey sleeveless top from Disneys |i|Kingdom Hearts|/i| with a character group design on the front.|/p| |ul| |li|50% cotton; 50% polyester |/li| |li|Wash cold; dry low |/li| |li|Made in USA |/li| |li|Listed in junior sizes |/li| |/ul|
Important note: This Wiki page is edited by participants of the EOWG. It does not necessarily represent consensus and it may have incorrect information or information that is not supported by other Working Group participants, WAI, or W3C. It may also have some very useful information. ...
This Wiki page is edited by participants of the WCAG Working Group. It does not necessarily represent consensus and it may have incorrect information or information that is not supported by other Working Group participants, WAI, or W3C. It may also have some very useful information. ...
Simona Halep, 17 year old Romanian tennis star, will be having a breast reduction operation this fall. Halep won the junior French Open title last year. She is reported to say, This fall Ill have a breast reduction operation. The breasts make me uncomfortable when I play. Its the weight that troubles me - my ability to react quickly.. Breast reduction (or reduction mammoplasty) is an operation designed to reduce and reshape large breasts. It is a surgical procedure designed to help reduce and in many cases eliminate, the pain and other symptoms associated with large breasts. Discomfort associated with large breasts can include chronic back, neck, and shoulder pain, as well as painful shoulder grooves from bra straps. It can also include chronic rashes under the breasts in the inframammary fold. These are the medical reasons to have a breast reduction. Most insurance companies in the United States will cover breast reduction surgery done for medical reasons. Be sure to check your ...
The decision to have breast reduction surgery is extremely personal. You will have to decide if the benefits will achieve your goals and if the risks of breast reduction surgery and potential complications are acceptable.. Dr. Rocheford and her staff will explain in detail the risks associated with surgery. You will be asked to sign consent forms to ensure that you fully understand the procedure you will undergo and any risks or potential complications. The risks of breast reduction and breast reduction complications include:. ...
INCREASE IN QUALITY OF LIFE AFTER BREAST REDUCTION. Recent medical study shows Breast Reduction Surgery to decrease pain and significantly improve the quality of life.. Large, heavy breasts can cause much physical and psychological pain to women of all backgrounds and ages. Excessive breast size can literally weigh a woman down and throw off her center of gravity and the alignment of her spine. The result is a large array of health problems including chronic back, neck and shoulder pain, strained and overworked muscles, headaches, skin rashes, sagging breasts and stretch marks as well as low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with overall body image. Studies have also shown that women living with this type of physical pain compare their symptoms to other medical conditions with chronic pain such as arthritis, joint pain and low back pain.. Many women who suffer from these physical and emotional problems seek a breast reduction, also known as reduction mammaplasty. This common surgical procedure can ...
Bilateral breast reduction is a surgical procedure performed to remove excess breast tissue from both female breasts for therapeutic or cosmetic indications. The purpose of the breast reduction is to decrease the weight of the breasts and restructure the breast tissue for a more favorable appearance. Typically, a scalpel is used for the skin incision and a traditional electrosurgical device is used to cut away any excess tissue.. The PEAK PlasmaBlade™ uses pulsed radiofrequency (RF) energy and a highly-insulated handpiece design to enable precision cutting and coagulation at the point of application. The PlasmaBlade has received FDA clearance for use in plastic, general, and ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery, and has demonstrated a significantly reduced thermal injury profile in incised tissue compared to traditional electrosurgical devices. It is hypothesized that this benefit may improve the post-operative outcome of patients undergoing bilateral breast reduction.. A total of forty-five ...
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The hypothesis of this research study was: Adult surgical patients who receive preoperative teaching based on adult learning principles will exhibit less fear/anxiety than patients who have had incidental preoperative teaching. The research employed a pretest - post test control group design. Twenty subjects admitted to a private hospital for Arthroscopy or Dilation and Curettage - Laparoscopy were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. Demographic data, subjective (State - Trait Anxiety Inventory) and objective (heart rate and blood pressure) data were obtained before and after structure preoperative teaching. The analysis of co-variance program of the Social Science Statistical Package was used to analysis the subjective and objective measures of fear/anxiety. The , .05 level of significance was selected to evaluate the findings. The data analysis indicated that there was no statistically significant difference between the experimental and control groups. Implications of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A cross-sectional validation study of the FICSIT common data base static balance measures. AU - FICSIT Group. AU - Rossiter-Fornoff, Jane E.. AU - Wolf, Steven L.. AU - Wolfson, Leslie I.. AU - Buchner, David M.. AU - Miller, Philip. AU - Province, Michael A.. AU - Schechtman, Kenneth B.. AU - Arfken, Cynthia L.. AU - Rossiter-Fornoff, Jane E.. AU - Hornbrook, Mark C.. AU - Stevens, Victor J.. AU - Wingfield, Darlene J.. AU - Greenlick, Mervyn R.. AU - Tinetti, Mary E.. AU - Baker, Dorothy I.. AU - Claus, Elizabeth B.. AU - Horwitz, Ralph I.. AU - Buchner, David M.. AU - Wagner, Edward H.. AU - De Lateur, Barbara Jane. AU - Cress, M. Elaine. AU - Wee, Robert. AU - Abrass, Itamar B.. AU - Esselman, Peter. AU - Marguerita, Tony. AU - Murlow, Cynthia D.. AU - Gerety, Meghan B.. AU - Cornell, John E.. AU - Denino, Louis A.. AU - Kanten, Deanna. PY - 1995. Y1 - 1995. N2 - Background. Two simple balance scales comprising three or four familiar tests of static balance were developed, ...
Latar Belakang: Hipertensi merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan utama di Indonesia. Salah satu faktor penyebab hipertensi adalah gangguan produksi dan transpor nitric oxide (NO). Di sisi lain, tanaman kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) yang tersebar luas di Indonesia, dipercaya memiliki khasiat antinosiseptik, antioksidan, antihipertensi dan antimikroba. Daun kersen memiliki kandungan phenolic compunds yang tinggi yang diduga memediasi peningkatan produksi NO melalui modulasi nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dan inhibisi reactive oxygen species (ROS). Tujuan: Untuk Menganalisis efek pemberian ekstrak daun kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) terhadap peningkatan NO tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus). Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental yang dilakukan secara in vivo dengan metode post-test only control group design menggunakan alat ukur nitric oxide strips test . Sampel penelitian yaitu tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus) sebanyak 40 ekor dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol ...
Discusses breast reduction surgery to reshape and reduce breast size. Looks at why it is done and how well it works. Covers what to expect after surgery. Looks at risks, such as scars and infection. Covers what to think about when having breast reduction.
Breast Reduction Surgery in Atlanta Georgia offered by a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon. Information about Breast Reduction Surgery, Breast Reshaping and more.
Reduce pain and discomfort with a breast reduction from Dr Jon Ver Halen. Dr Ver Halen serves the Dallas / Ft Worth area from his Colelyville office.
BEFORE PHOTOGRAPH: Frontal view of 29 year old who underwent breast reduction with inverted T pattern for symptomatic hypertrophy
Both breast reduction and Breast lift are about re-positioning the nipple areolar complex to a more appropriate level (above the Inframammary fold), tightening the breast tissue and removal of excess s...
Breast reduction surgery reduces overly large breasts by removing excessive breast tissue, which results in smaller, more proportionate breasts.
View our breast reduction before and after photo gallery by specialist Dr. Golshani in Beverly Hills. Call (310) 274-3481 to set up a consultation and see the results for yourself.
Breast Reduction CLICK HERE FOR BEFORE & AFTER PHOTOS Frequently, women with very large or pendulous breasts experience discomfort from bra...
This guide explains everything you need to know about choosing a surgeon, breast reduction techniques, what to expect after surgery, and more.
Mr Olivers breast reduction surgery patients are happy to share their surgical results showing before and after for their breast surgery.
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Girls Next Door turned Kendra star Kendra Wilkinson is considering a breast reduction -- and her public aint happy about it. When Kendra was…
Plus size model Ashley Alexiss has been forced to have a breast reduction – because her 36G boobs were too big for her wedding dress. The 27-year-old, dubbed the new Ashley Graham, also suffered years of back pain which was caused by
In this paper, we describe the methodology of the case and control selection for the first-wave nested casecontrolstudy within the JACC Study. Among the subjects participating in the cohort, serum samples of 42,249subjects (including 39,242 subjects aged between 40 and 79 at the baseline) were suitable for biochemical analysis.We here selected those who had died by 1997 or who were diagnosed with cancer with sera until 1994 as cases.For each case, 3 to 4 controls with sera were randomly selected, with matching for gender, age (as near aspossible) and residential area. As a result, 3,144 cases and 10,661 controls (2,867 cases and 10,351 controls were40 to 79 years old at the baseline) were selected to measure serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, TGF-β1 and sFasvalues and total SOD activity. Cases were older and more likely to be men than the JACC Study subjects.Moreover, they were much older than controls because of the age-dependence of susceptibility to death, especiallyamong men. There were more smokers
CON-HUMO focuses on novel concepts for automatic control, based on data-driven human models and machine learning. This enables innovative control applications that are difficult if not impossible to realize using traditional control and identification methods, in particular in the challenging area of smart human-machine interaction. In order to achieve intuitive and efficient goal-oriented interaction, anticipation is a key. For control selection based on prediction, a dynamic model of the human interaction behavior is required, which, however, is difficult to obtain from first principles. In order to cope with the high complexity of human behavior with unknown inputs and only sparsely available training data, we propose to use machine-learning techniques for statistical modeling of the dynamics. In this new field of human interaction modeling - data-driven and machine-learned - control methods with guaranteed properties do not exist. CON-HUMO addresses this niche. Key methodological innovation ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of balance measures and perception of fall risk on gait speed. T2 - A multiple regression analysis. AU - Rogers, Helen L.. AU - Cromwell, Ronita L.. AU - Newton, Roberta A.. N1 - Funding Information: Received 22 February 2004; accepted 21 July 2004. This study was funded in part by grant 1-R03-AG16884-01 from the National Institute on Aging. Address correspondence to Helen L. Rogers, Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, UTMB-SAHS, 301 University Boulevard, Route 1144, Galveston, TX 77555-1144, USA. E-mail: [email protected] PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - Gait speed, commonly modified to adapt to the balance and stability challenges of aging, is related to measures of balance and mobility. This study investigated associations between age, Berg Balance Scale, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, One Question Fear of Falling (1QFOF), and gait speed in adults using regression analysis. Results suggested an interaction between 1QFOF and ABC ...
Methods: in vivo laboratory, experimental research was conducted using posttest only control group design. The samples were 20 male Wistar rats divided into 4 groups. Groups I and II were groups injected using LPS P. gingivalis for 6 w and were decapited on the day 3 and day 7, groups III and IV were the control groups (not injected using LPS P. gingivalis) and decapited on the day 3 and day 7. Subsequently, conducting tissue preparation, staining using haematoxilin eosin, and calculating the number of osteoclasts and osteoblasts cells using a microscope (Optilab) with 400x magnification. The results of osteoblast and osteoclast cell calculation were analyzed using ANOVA and LSD one-way test. ...
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Her drains were removed the next day after surgery and she commented that her back and shoulder pain was already better. The tapes from her incisions were removed at 10 days after surgery with no healing problems. At her one month follow-up visit, her breasts had a much better and smaller shape and were higher up on her chest wall. Her incisions had continued to heal well.. There is no reason that breast reduction surgery can not be done on someone in their 60s or even older. Despite the magnitude of the procedure in terms of breast tissue trauma and reshaping, wound healing will occur as well as in someone much younger. More importantly, the improvement in musculoskeletal pain may mean more to an older patient who may already have other joint and muscle pains.. Case Highlights:. 1) Breast reduction can have a dramatic impact on reduction of musculoskeletal pain from large breasts.. 2) Very large breasts can be safely reduced with an inferior pedicle technique without free nipple ...
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Breast reduction by laser liposuction is a minimally invasive surgical procedure through a 3 mm needle hole, devoid of cut and stitch, which is used to reduce the weight and the size of the breast or change the shape. The sagging skin after laser breast reduction is tightened by laser in the same procedure and the breast is reshaped according to the requirements of the patient.. The surgery is done for various cosmetic and medical reasons and has a number of benefits, such as:. ...
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An intervention similar to that of breast reduction is carried out in cases in which the breast, without being excessively large in volume, has suffered a significant fall. In these cases, however, tissue resection is minimal, since they are used - sometimes with the aid of a prosthesis - to give adequate volume and projection to the breast, once it has been remodeled in its ideal position.. The scars are similar to those of breast reduction but generally shorter. Reduced tissue resection results in an even lower incidence of postoperative complications.. ...
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Two groups comparable at baseline. At six months, significantly fewer falls occurred in the tai chi group (38 vs 73), with greatest effect achieved after 3 months of training. Also significantly fewer injurious falls in the tai chi group (7 vs 17). Significantly longer time to first fall in tai chi group. Significant intervention effect for the tai chi group on all dynamic balance measures, and significantly lower fear of falling. Benefits appeared sustained six months after end of formal program ...
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This group designs and implements server systems. They also administer, monitor and maintain these server systems. They perform the operation of backing up and restoring systems, oversee the power/cooling systems, watch over the data centers physical security and perform server repairs.. ...
There may be more than one treatment group, more than one control group, or both. A placebo control group can be used to ... In studies of twins involving just one treatment group and a control group, it is statistically efficient to do this random ... knows to which group each subject belongs. In such cases, a third, non-treatment control group can be used to measure the ... the clinical control group was the diabetic patients that did not receive tight blood pressure control. In order to qualify for ...
... ; Storefront for Art & Architecture. ISBN 1499633564. "No. 38 Control Group Inc". Crain's New York. Retrieved 22 ... "Control Group 2013 Retail Technology Survey". Control Group. Retrieved 23 April 2013. Official website (Articles with VIAF ... Control Group was a technology and design consultancy firm, founded in 2001 in Lower Manhattan, New York City, by Campbell ... Control Group is designing the platform to deliver real-time information such as route lookup, countdown to train arrivals, and ...
... is also known for vinyl releases and reissues by Spinal Tap, Grandaddy, The Killers, Kings Of Leon, Giorgio ... The Control Group is an independent record label, founded by Nabil Ayers in Seattle, Washington in 2002. Notable artists who ... The Control Group relocated from Seattle to Brooklyn, NY in 2008. In 2018, Ayers founded the independent record label Valley of ... "Valley of Search official site". The Control Group's Homepage Valley of Search Official Site v t e (Articles with short ...
... (GCS) is an operating system made by IBM, meant to run as a guest of VM. GCS is an integral component of ... In order to be able to spread the load over several virtual machines, GCS also implements a notion of group where each group ... A networking monitoring service z/VM 5.3 Group Control System v t e v t e (Articles lacking sources from November 2014, All ... designed to clean up locks in the shared segments when virtual machines unexpectedly leave the group GCS is not designed to be ...
Groups that "control territory" are defined as any group that hold any populated or inhabited town, city, village, or defined ... Rebel groups by country, Rebel groups that actively control territory). ... This is a list of active rebel groups that control territory around the world whose domains may be subnational, transnational, ... area that is under the direct administration or military control of the group. Such control may be contested and might be ...
The 6147th Tactical Control Group was a United States Air Force unit that fought in the Korean War. The unit was attached to ... 6148th Tactical Control Squadron: 25 April 1951-. 6149th Tactical Control Squadron: 25 April 1951-. 6150th Tactical Control ... The following day the small group of controllers left for Taegu to organize as a squadron. The 6147th Tactical Control Squadron ... The combat mission of the 6147th Tactical Control Group included: 1) Provide Tactical Air Coordinators over vital areas in the ...
A wait list control group, also called a wait list comparison, is a group of participants included in an outcome study that is ... This control group serves as an untreated comparison group during the study, but eventually goes on to receive treatment at a ... Experimental design Scientific control Treatment and control groups Elliott SA, Brown JS. (2002). What are we doing to waiting ... Wait list control groups are often used when it would be unethical to deny participants access to treatment, provided the wait ...
"THE CONTROL GROUP (2014)". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved 29 August 2022. The Control Group at IMDb The Control Group at Rotten ... "THE CONTROL GROUP". Starburst. Retrieved 29 August 2022. Boiselle, Matt (23 October 2014). "Control Group, The (2014)". Dread ... The Control Group is a 2014 American science fiction horror film directed by Peter Hurd, starring Brad Dourif, Ross Destiche ... Barton, Steve (8 October 2014). "The Control Group Releases a Trailer". Dread Central. Retrieved 29 August 2022. Townsend, John ...
In March 1996 the Air Force re-activated the 513th Air Control Group (513th ACG) as an Airborne Warning and Control System ( ... The 513th Air Control Group is an Air Reserve Component unit of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the Tenth Air ... In 1997, the group was reassigned under the command of the active duty 552nd Air Control Wing, while remaining a part of the ... The 513th is an associate unit of the 552d Air Control Wing, Air Combat Command (ACC) and if mobilized, the group is gained by ...
Birth Control Group set themselves deliberately apart from Malthusian and eugenicist birth control groups, who they viewed as ... Workers' Birth Control Group was a British organisation which sought to enable working class women to access birth control ... Between 1924 and 1927, a number of regional Labour women's groups formed their own branches of the Workers' Birth Control Group ... Birth Control Group lectured throughout the country on the subject of birth control. As Pamela M. Graves has written: The WBCG ...
The group was formed during the Korean War to replace Marine Air Control Group 2 that deployed to South Korea in March and ... Marine Air Control Group 38 (MACG-38) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps ... all of Marine Air Control Group 28 and a significant number of augments including reservists from Marine Air Control Group 48 ... "Historical Diary - Marine Air Control Group 2 - April 1951" (PDF). www.koreanwar2.org. United States Marine Corps. 15 May 1951 ...
... (MACG-48) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Naval Station ... Upon the unit's return to Illinois, the control group continued its support of numerous exercises across the globe. The group ... positive and procedural control of aircraft, air defense and aviation command and control. Coordinate all aspects of air ... Marine Air Control Squadron 24 Marine Air Support Squadron 6 Marine Tactical Air Command Squadron 48 Marine Wing Communications ...
The Joint Arms Control Implementation Group (abbreviated as JACIG) is a specialist defence component affiliated to UK Strategic ... "Index of /nuke/control/cfe/cfebook/Chapter 5". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 16 June 2017. "RAF - JACIG Camera ... Hundreds of inspections or visits related to arms control treaties, such as the revised CFE treaty and its adaption discussed ... Command which carries out a range of arms control and verification functions (including inspection, evaluation, escort and ...
... (MACG-18) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps ... The group was reformed on September 1, 1967 in Danang, Vietnam as Marine Air Control Group 18 at the height of US participation ... positive and procedural control, air traffic control, short range air defense and air defense control to aircraft for the III ... "Marine Air Control Group 18 Lineage and Honors Certificates" (PDF). www.usmcu.edu. United States Marine Corps History Division ...
The 595th Command and Control Group is composed of four squadrons: 1st Airborne Command Control Squadron, which operates the ... "595th Command and Control Group Fact Sheet". www.8af.af.mil. January 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2022. Department of the Air ... The 595th Command and Control Group is an active unit of the United States Air Force. It is organized under Air Force Global ... 595th Command and Control Group Fact Sheet (Use dmy dates from January 2020, Articles with short description, Short description ...
... (MACG-28) is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit based at Marine Corps ... In May 1966, the Group was again re-designated; it would now be known as Marine Air Control Group 2. It was this year that 3d ... On 1 August 1946 the group was again re-designated as Marine Air Control Group-1 (MACG-1). MACG-1 was deactivated on 1 August ... Re-designation occurred once more in 1967 when the Group was assigned its present-day moniker Marine Air Control Group 28. With ...
The 546th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 33d Air ... Components 792d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, 16 March-4 June 1951 793d Aircraft Control and ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force, Military units and formations in Oklahoma, 1951 establishments in Oklahoma, ... This command and control organization activated on 19 March 1951, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ...
The 545th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 29th Air ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force, 1951 establishments in Montana, 1952 disestablishments in Montana). ... This command and control organization activated on 1 March 1951, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... Components List of United States Air Force aircraft control and warning squadrons This article incorporates public domain ...
The 540th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 32d Air ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force, 1951 establishments in New York (state), 1952 disestablishments in New York ... This command and control organization activated on 16 February 1953, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... List of United States Air Force aircraft control and warning squadrons This article incorporates public domain material from ...
The 542d Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 28th Air ... Established as 542d Aircraft Control and Warning Group Activated on 8 December 1949 Inactivated on 6 February 1952 Disbanded on ... This command and control organization was responsible for Aircraft Control and Warning (Radar) stations along the West Coast. ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force). ... Components List of United States Air Force aircraft control and ...
The 544th Aircraft Control and Warning Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was assigned to the 27th Air ... Established as the 544th Aircraft Control and Warning Group Activated on 8 October 1950 Inactivated on 6 February 1952 ... This command and control organization was responsible for the organization, manning and equipping of new Aircraft Control and ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force, 1950 establishments in California, 1952 disestablishments in California). ...
The 503d Aircraft Control and Warning Group (AC&WG) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with ... Activated as an ADC Aircraft Control and Warning Group, forming radar squadrons in the late 1940s and the early 1950s and ... On 16 April 1950, the reserve 563d Aircraft Control and Warning Group was activated as a Corollary unit at Roslyn, sharing the ... Constituted as the 503d Aircraft Warning Group, 1 April 1948 Activated on 1 April 1948 Redesignated 503d Aircraft Control and ...
The 543d Aircraft Control and Warning Group is a disbanded United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 31st Air ... Established as the 543d Aircraft Control and Warning Group Activated on 8 October 1950 Inactivated on 6 February 1952 Disbanded ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force, Aerospace Defense Command units, 1950 establishments in Minnesota, 1952 ... The unit was a Command and Control organization of General Surveillance radar squadrons providing for the air defense of the ...
The 541st Aircraft Control and Warning Group (AC&WG) is a disbanded United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the ... Air control groups of the United States Air Force, Military units and formations established in 1949, Military units and ... This command and control organization activated on 5 December 1949, and was responsible for the organization, manning and ... List of United States Air Force aircraft control and warning squadrons This article incorporates public domain material from ...
The Internet Group Management Protocol with Access Control (IGMP-AC) has been designed for incorporating AAA protocol ... and the access control mechanism of IGMP-AC will take place to join/leave a secured or restricted multicast group only. v t e ( ... It will enforce authentication and authorization of an end user or receiver before joining or leaving a secured multicast group ... The IGMP-AC will not disrupt the usual function of the IGMPv3 (to be used for classical multicast group), ...
ROC Group No 1 - Maidstone ROC Group No 2 - Horsham ROC Group No 3 - Oxford ROC Group No 4 - Colchester ROC Group No 5 - ... Yeovil ROC Group No 10 - Exeter ROC Group No 11 - Truro ROC Group No 12 - Bristol ROC Group No 13 - South Wales ROC Group No 14 ... Ayr ROC Group No 27 - Oban ROC Group No 28 - Dundee ROC Group No 29 - Aberdeen ROC Group No 30 - Inverness ROC Group No 31 - ... ROC Group No 18 - Leeds ROC Group No 19 - Manchester ROC Group No 20 - York ROC Group No 21 - Preston (Goosnargh) ROC Group No ...
"Sand equivalent test set". Control-Groups.Com. Retrieved 1 September 2013. "Sand Equivalent". Pavement Interactive. "Sand ...
"Controlling Subversive Groups." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 300. Internal Security and ... "The Communist Control Act of 1954." The Yale Law Journal. 64.5 (1955): 712-65. Full text of the Communist Control Act of 1954 ( ... The Communist Control Act of 1954 (68 Stat. 775, 50 U.S.C. §§ 841-844) is an American law signed by President Dwight Eisenhower ... Mary S. McAuliffe, "Liberals and the Communist Control Act of 1954." Journal of American History 63.2. (1976): 351-67. Haag, ...
Tarvainen, Kyosti (2015). Generating Control groups. The Kepler Conference. Archived from the original on 2016-09-05. Retrieved ... The conclusion of The ADB Research Group was, that almost all claimed astrological variation could simply be explained by the ...
Szorc, Gregory (17 October 2016). "Mercurial 4.0 Sprint Notes". mozilla.dev.version-control. Google Groups. Retrieved 2021-11- ... Free and open-source software portal Comparison of version-control software Distributed version control List of version-control ... Distributed version control systems, Free software programmed in C, Free software programmed in Python, Free version control ... Mackall decided to write a distributed version control system as a replacement for use with the Linux kernel. This project ...
He did not resign in protest over policy; this would have encroached on civilian control of the military. After his retirement ... Fogleman was named to the Boards of Directors of Alliant Techsystems, AAR Corporation, Mesa Air Group, Inc., Tactical Air ...
In August 2008, the 26th MEU deployed aboard the ships of the USS Wasp Strike Group. During the deployment, the 26th MEU ... The MEU maintained command and control of Operation Sea Horse from aboard ship in the Northern Persian Gulf, while ... In August 2010, the 26th MEU sailed with the Kearsarge Amphibious Ready Group a month early for their scheduled deployment in ... Corps battalions List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons List of United States Marine Corps logistics groups This ...
The federal Flood Control Act of 1944 authorized the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to build a 355-foot (108 m) arch dam with a ... The environmental group Friends of the River (FOR) was formed in the early 1970s to push a statewide ballot measure, ... The Flood Control Act of 1962 authorized the final design of the dam - changing it from an arch to an embankment dam, ... By controlling the flows of the Stanislaus River, the dam and reservoir make available 200,000 to 280,000 acre⋅ft (250,000 to ...
Rod immediately assumes control, and organises a house party. Rod is still reeling from the loss of his hair in the battle ... Steve challenges the team to stop a mysterious terrorist group, but when they are all taken hostage, it's up to Steve to save ... The team returns and battles valiantly, but Steve ultimately acquires Tara's jar of tokens and takes control of the assassin. ... morphs into a vending machine controlled by special tokens. Mephisto remains at Prawn World and angers Steve with his ...
Head coach: David Quinn Group play Source: IIHF Rules for classification: Preliminary round tiebreakers (H) Host Quarterfinals ... under the direction and control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), has committed crimes against humanity against the ... Group play Source: IIHF Rules for classification: Tiebreakers Notes: Finland 3 Pts, +4 GD; ROC 3 Pts, −2 GD; Switzerland 3 Pts ... predominantly Muslim Uyghurs and other members of ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang." Former United States ...
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... featuring a group of middle school girls who lead a double life as members of an in-show Japanese idol girl group of the same ... Iwazaki had asked her why she returned the gifts he sent her, but stated that he "lost control" when Tomita did not give him a ...
Chairman of Vikatan Group of Publications Passes Away "Charles Bartlett: Painter and printmaker whose explorations of the". ... Dieter Grau, 101, German-born American rocket scientist, NASA Quality Control Director for the Saturn V. Neil James, 53, ... L. Stephen Coles, 73, American scientist, co-founder and the Executive Director of the Gerontology Research Group, pancreatic ...
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However, as a result, crime increased among users because new laws were subsequently enacted to control the use of both drugs. ... Subsequently, after buying an old school bus, painting it with psychedelic graffiti and attracting a group of similarly minded ... Hippies, sometimes called flower children, were an eclectic group. Many were suspicious of the government, rejected consumerist ... along with maintaining coordination with local churches and other social groups. Psychedelic poster artist Bob Schnepf was ...
Consistent safety cars during the race and car pace that was equal to the lead group left them well inside the top ten by the ... In the first race at Phillip Island, he was hit by an out-of-control Alex Premat at turn 4, but was only spun, suffering ... The team also relocated from Queensland to Melbourne, Victoria, and had to build up a near entirely new group of staff, ...
He has exhibited in numerous shows including the 1990 British Art Show and was a founding member of the Glasgow artist group ... In the Open Sea - 2002 - The piece presents aspects of the wilder habitats we inhabit and how we access and control these ... Modern Nature - 2000 - The work consists of six tall (varying between 5 and 6 metres high) aluminium structures, grouped like a ...
The group has also accepted non-mutant members, such as Broo (a young Brood hatchling who is a pacifist) and Kid Gladiator, the ... Match (Ben Hammil) - Hammil has the ability to create and control fire. He joins the X-Men and is a student at the Jean Grey ... The group are manipulated into fighting members of the New Mutants before Pierce is ultimately exposed. In the end, per ... At least 45 depowered students were killed and, of the remaining students, Emma Frost picked a select group to train as New X- ...
Mortons Media Group. p. 10. "Ex-Heathrow '360s' for Rail Operations Group". Modern Railways. No. 870 (March 2021). p. 86. "What ... which were replaced by Class 345 units once problems with the European Train Control System in the Heathrow tunnel were ... Business Daily Group. Retrieved 5 October 2022. "FGE Class 360 Desiro moves to Czech Republic for tests". Rail Magazine. No. ... In February 2021, Rail Operations Group (ROG) announced it had purchased the five-strong fleet from Heathrow Airport Holdings. ...
In his teens Schreurs joined a group of boys who went to the polders for the day, painting and drawing. Afterwards the boys' ... Articles with suppressed authority control identifiers, ACArt with 2 suppressed elements, 1913 births, 1983 deaths, 20th- ...
Because the JRC was under government control, their hospitals spread to all the major cities and a uniformity of training made ... Other professional groups also provide certification for clinical specialties such as community health, diabetes, disaster ... Infection Control Nursing, Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing or Women's Health Nursing, after obtaining their national ... infection control, infertility nursing, neonatal care, rehabilitative care, respiratory care, and other specialized fields. ...
Later studies on a control group member without the disease did not find plaque, confirming the reliability of the compound in ... but had performed worse than a control group on tests of mental acuity. In order to confirm if the dye was accurate in ... Avid established a study with a group of 35 hospice patients, some that had been diagnosed with dementia and others that had no ...
One name favored by the working group was Chung Hua University, chosen for its lack of explicit Buddhist content. "Chung Hua" ... Before 1985, the government of Taiwan maintained strict controls on private universities and, in particular, discouraged ... Before 1990, the working group had reconciled itself to creating a technical college (which could be accredited) alongside an ...
The base was declared surplus and reverted to city control in November 1945, and it was Big Spring Municipal Airport for six ... The 79th Bombardier Training Group continued operations until the surrender of Japan, when the cadets who agreed to remain in ... The former Webb AFB control tower still stands, but it has not been operational since the Air Force's departure in late 1977 ... The airport lacks an active control tower; air traffic coordination is limited to UNICOM advisories only. ...
Tom Nuttall (28 May 2016). "Politicians must keep better control of migration, and tell the truth". The Economist. Retrieved 28 ... Migration of individuals or groups between countries contributes to the formation of postnational identities and beliefs, even ...
Møgster was also chairman of Lerøy Seafood Group, but backed out in late 2009 because of illness. Møgster lived and worked out ... Together with his brother Helge Møgster he built up the companies Austevoll Seafood (which Ole Rasmus controlled, as a major ... owner and chairman of the board) and DOF ASA (which Helge controlled). In 2008 the brothers were two of the three billionaires ...
Andrus's plan was to build a group of houses in the style on the Hastings property; and then, if they proved profitable, to ... Underneath the stairway is storage space and the original location of the heating and air conditioning controls. Upstairs, ...
On November 8, 1985, Pay 'n Save's drugstore chain became controlled by a company equally owned by the Trump Group and a ... In September 1984, The Trump Group, led by New York investors Julius and Edmond Trump (who are not related to Donald Trump) ... On September 12, 1984, The Trump Group announced that it had withdrawn its offer to purchase Ernst's parent company in order to ... "Half interest in Pay 'n Save stores sold to discount-orientated California group". The Seattle Times. 8 November 1985. " ...
Margo called the Director of STD Control and Prevention of the San Francisco Department of Public Health, Dr. Jeffrey Klausner ... Support Groups, Food and Clothing, Syringe Access & Disposal, Condoms & Lube, Information & Service linkages, Apprenticeship & ... Via collaboration with the Department of Public Health STD Control and Prevention Section (known as "City Clinic"), University ...
The NeST group has also been allocated land to build a development centre, on which work has almost been completed. OXOMO ... process control software design, engineering and computer-aided design software development, IT Enabled Services (ITES), ... After that, Leela Group has built a facility, "Leela Infopark", that hosts MNCs like Allianz, Oracle Corporation, D+H, RM ... Tata Elxsi Limited, which is the product design arm of the US$68 billion Tata Group, has taken 3.5 acres (0.014 km2) on which ...
16-3: 508-529.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) UN Global Working Group on Big Data for Official ... it is critical to model and quantify human mobility in order to improve epidemic control. Examples: analysing Malaria ... For example, in MPD-based research carried out in Senegal, the movement patterns of different population groups were extracted ... certain socio-economic groups). In addition, the usage habits of mobile phone users can be very different, which, in the end, ...
The CMR describes itself as "The Marxist Voice of the PSUV". In 2010, the CMR, along with groups in Spain and Mexico, broke ... control. Also they think that a big section of the bureaucracy of the PSUV is the "Fifth Column" of the Bolivarian Revolution. ... control" In Defence of Marxism (Friday, 5 December 2008) CMR Anzoátegui, "Venezuela: Militant march of workers in Barcelona," ... with the International Marxist Tendency and formed their own international grouping under the name Izquierda Revolucionaria ( ...
1. Control Groups¶. 1.1 What are cgroups ?¶. Control Groups provide a mechanism for aggregating/partitioning sets of tasks, and ... Control Groups¶. Written by Paul Menage ,[email protected], based on Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v1/cpusets.rst ... you should create different hierarchies of cgroups for each single resource or group of resources you want to control. ... A subsystem is a module that makes use of the task grouping facilities provided by cgroups to treat groups of tasks in ...
Contact This Group Get involved. Learn more about how to join a group. Anyone may join this Community Group. All participants ... Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls Community Group. The mission of the W3C Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls CG (DPVCG ... Tools for this group. Learn about available Community Group tools and how to configure a groups site to include links to tools ... Call for Participation in Data Privacy Vocabularies and Controls Community Group. W3C Team , Posted on: May 24, 2018. ...
Control Structures. Functions. Classes and Objects. Namespaces. Enumerations. Errors. Exceptions. Fibers. Generators. ... Process Control Extensions. Other Basic Extensions. Other Services. Search Engine Extensions. Server Specific Extensions. ... UI\Controls\Group::setMargin. (UI 0.9.9). UI\Controls\Group::setMargin - Set Margin ...
A group of test subjects or experiments that are treated exactly the same way as the experimental group except for the one ... A group of test subjects or experiments that are treated exactly the same way as the experimental group except for the one ... control. From Darkness, Lead Me To Light. The Web That Has No Weaver. ...
... Cheri Grigg, DVM1,2, Ndadilnasiya E. Waziri, DVM3, Adebola T. Olayinka ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA. 800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888 ... However, group quarantine of contacts in a central location might not be workable on a large scale. ... However, for five contacts with high-risk exposures, group quarantine in an observation unit was preferred because the five had ...
LGBT advocacy groups are rallying around a Supreme Court birth control case, arguing that gay peoples rights will be ... Access to hormonal birth control hasnt typically been a goal of the gay rights movement. But after a near miss on an anti-gay ... Why gay rights groups care about a Supreme Court birth control case. Read full article. ... Why gay rights groups care about a Supreme Court birth control case. ...
Gene Drives for Vector Control. Mosquito transmitted pathogens have an enormous impact of human health. A substantial amount of ... funding and resources are being spent to control the transmission of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. In many ways ...
A group headed by Frank Thomas has purchased a controlling interest in the iconic Field of Dreams movie site and All-Star ...
What is the employee plans question the controlled group rules answer? For qualified plans, the controlled group rules answer a ... Transfer Within A Controlled Group. (Posted March 16, 1999). Question 17: Sub A and Sub B are members of the same controlled ... The situation is the same in the controlled group context. Let me quote from Q 10:1 of my book, Whos the Employer?: ... IRC §414(b) says that the employees of all corporations which are members of a controlled group are deemed to be employed by a ...
... gun control group released a report on Wednesday calling for … ... Gun control group now going after… muskets? Former ... Gun control group now going after… muskets? Former congresswoman Gabby Giffords gun control group released a report on ... Gun control group now going after... muskets? -. .css-3mho53{background-color:var(--color--surface-primary);}. .css-1m7modc{ ...
... (Posted February 26, 1999). Question 8: A parent and a wholly-owned subsidiary ... A discussion of the consequences of being in a controlled group is found in Chapter 10 of my book, Whos the Employer?. ... The parent and the subsidiary are a controlled group under IRC 414(b). As such, they are treated as a single employer for all ...
Who want Healthy Control Body Weight ?? http://www.keepfitnow.com/rodney ... Join this Group? Please enter a message to admins then Send Request. ... Report this Group? Please enter a reason for reporting then Send Report. ... Please click here tips for control your diabetes... https://healthonlinejob.blogspot.com/2019/01/diabete… ...
... in western Utah with contraception drugs to help control the population is being applauded by one wild horse advocacy group but ... Groups differ on plan to help control wild horse population. By The Associated Press , Posted - May 9, 2015 at 9:00 a.m. ... But the group Protect Mustangs says the anti-fertility drug can lead to sterilization and wreak havoc on natural selection. ... We prefer not to round them up, so administering birth control through darting is a great tool because its less invasive and ...
show that gun control is no longer just gun control. ... Gun control groups reactions to the acquittal of Kyle ... Looking at their statements, social media and reactions, gun control is no longer just gun control. Gun control is no longer ... Gun control groups held up Grosskreutz as a "victim," but never said anything of his history of criminal convictions of, " ... These gun control groups that pose as the guardians of community safety are willfully ignorant of basic facts. Whats worse, ...
If did not misunderstood your question, you just need two Group controls. Radio buttons inside each Group will work ... Get the Group handle and all its internal control handles, and save these handles to the INC file.. In the Window module (Red ... where the controls are created, insert. Code: [Select]. invoke Beep,200,40. where the control handles are initialized, insert. ... Try to use the handles set in the INC file (Blue), to turn the groups on/off. - This doesnt work as I noticed that handles ...
1965)‎. Quality control of pharmaceutical preparations: report of the drafting group. World Health Organization. https://apps. ...
IT Controls Tester jobs at Judge Group, Inc. in Malvern, PA ... Similar Positions at Judge Group, Inc.. IT Controls Analyst * ... Thanks for applying for the position of IT Controls Tester with Judge Group, Inc. through Dice. ... Conduct and document IT control tests to meet the testing schedule.. *Identify and implement improvements to IT control testing ... Strong knowledge in IT General Controls (access control, change management, problem/incident management, backup and replication ...
Founded in 1977 on the principle of bridging the gap between "the street and the elite," Music Connection has grown from a popular print publication into a spectrum of products and services that address the wants and needs of musicians, the music tech community and industry support services. ...
Digicel Group has acquired a controlling interest in the financial services company, Prism Holdings, for an undisclosed sum. ... Digicel Group has acquired a controlling interest in the financial services company, Prism Holdings, for an undisclosed sum. ... Digicel Group CEO, Colm Delves, said "As we continue to expand our range of products and services consistent with the ...
Obama Administration Responds to Catholic Groups Birth Control Case. Following a temporary injunction, the Obama ... The group claimed that the form violated their religious beliefs as signing the document would make them "authorize others" to ... Marie Claire is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Visit our corporate site. © ... The Obama administration created an accommodation for religious organizations that oppose birth control, requiring those ...
60+ Groups Demand Senate Pass Sanders Amendment to Slash Out of Control Pentagon Budget by $74 Billion. "The current moment ... "Our militarism budget is out of control," a coalition of 61 advocacy groups wrote in a letter (pdf) to senators on Monday. "In ... Our militarism budget is out of control. In 2019, the United States spent more money on our military than the next nine ... As a point of comparison: last year, the Centers for Disease Control budget was $7 billion, just 7 percent of the national ...
Peer-support groups using a problem-based method could be a useful and comparatively inexpensive tool in alleviating work- ... Reflecting peer-support groups in the prevention of stress and burnout: randomized controlled trial J Adv Nurs. 2008 Sep;63(5): ... Method: A randomized controlled trial with peer-support groups as the intervention was conducted with 660 healthcare workers ... The intervention started in 2002 with 51 participants (96.1% were women), 80 of whom constituted the control group. Potential ...
Controlled group of corporations.. (2) Controlled group of corporations. For purposes of this paragraph, the term controlled ... the test of control is 80 percent control and, since the rules of section 1563(b) apply, only domestic members are considered ... group of corporations has the same meaning assigned to the term in section 1563(a) and not section 993(a)(3) and 1.993-1(k). ...
Updated 11:08 a.m. , Americans for Responsible Solutions, the gun control group backed by former Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, has ... Giffords group unveiled the spot the day before President Barack Obamas State of the Union address. Her husband, Mark Kelly, ... CQ Roll Call reported on Monday that the group seeks to raise $20 million over the next year. In an email to supporters Feb. 7 ... A spokeswoman for the group said this will be "a significant six figure buy" on television and online. ...
Group membership:. Login to join or manage group memberships Private Message. Username. Posts. Location. Email. Website. Select ...
802SEC] Example from another standards group (SCTE) how they control use of their identification/mark. *To: [email protected] ... Next by thread: RE: [802SEC] Example from another standards group (SCTE) how they control use of their identification/mark ... Subject: [802SEC] Example from another standards group (SCTE) how they control use of their identification/mark ...
An environmental group has filed suit against the federal government in a bid to shut down the USDAs predator control program ... Group Files Suit to Shut Down Federal Predator Control Program. An environmental group has filed suit against the federal ... An environmental group has filed suit against the federal government in a bid to shut down the USDAs predator control program. ... According to the story, the agency spent $127 million on control efforts in 2010. It further states that about half of the ...
Drive control in railway technology New requirements in railway technology are leading to safer and better performing ... The HARTING Technology Group has developed an innovative approach for connecting optical fibres: the Active Multi Fibre POF ... Polymer optical fibres (POF) are now the standard for the engine control used in railway transport. The key here is a safety- ...
"This is a historic moment, and it will be a rare privilege for our group to own and operate the countrys flag bearer airline. ... The sale marks the return of Air India to the Tata Group, a pioneer in Indian commercial aviation when it first launched the ... Tata Group has emerged as the successful bidder for troubled national flag-carrier, Air India. ... The organisation will also take complete control of subsidiary Air India Express, a low-cost carrier airline that focusses on ...
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • ATSDR received considerable assistance in this work from the Cardiovascular Diseases Branch of the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state health departments are investigating hepatitis A outbreaks in multiple states among persons reporting drug use and/or homelessness and their contacts. (cdc.gov)
  • If you have not changed this via your user control panel then it is the e-mail address you registered your account with. (wineloverspage.com)
  • This report was prepared by Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG), a contractor to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), as a general record of discussion for the expert panel review meeting on the Vieques Heart Study. (cdc.gov)
  • The national population study was conducted online by Artemis Strategy Group in August 2021 with over 1,500 Americans. (artemissg.com)
  • case to 1 control) over a six-month period from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 3. (bvsalud.org)
  • Lamotrigine (LTG) is an antiepileptic drug (AED) approved concentrations was adapted from Angelis-Stoforidis and colleagues to be prescribed in monotherapy or polytherapy to control partial (1999)20. (bvs.br)
  • A randomized controlled trial with peer-support groups as the intervention was conducted with 660 healthcare workers scoring above the 75th percentile on the exhaustion dimension of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. (nih.gov)
  • The intervention started in 2002 with 51 participants (96.1% were women), 80 of whom constituted the control group. (nih.gov)
  • These findings imply that the Channeling control group provided a reliable measure of what would have happened to the treatment group in the absence of the Channeling intervention. (hhs.gov)
  • The findings of this study provided insufficient evidence for the clinical application of the Florajen3 probiotic intervention to reduce standard-of-care vaginal-rectal group B Streptococcus colonization. (bvsalud.org)
  • The prevalence of group B Streptococcus was lower than expected in the study population , and intervention adherence was poor. (bvsalud.org)
  • Probiotic bacteria colonization of the genitourinary tract occurred more in intervention group participants than in controls and significantly reduced gastrointestinal symptoms of pregnancy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Results showed most studies on stress intervention in the workplace were conducted in the healthcare industry (40%), followed by education (11%), and in groups of general workers (11%), with 73% of the studies in white collar jobs. (cdc.gov)
  • The small randomized controlled trial found that 47% of the 36 patients in the fasting group achieved remission (mean A1c, 5.66%) after 3 months of the intervention plus 3 months of follow-up, compared with only 2.8% of the 36 patients in the control group. (medscape.com)
  • They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention. (bvsalud.org)
  • Infants in the intervention group were 2.85 (95% CI: 1.85-4.37), 2.80 (95% CI: 1.88-4.17), 2.68 (95% CI: 1.84-3.91), and 4.52 (95% CI: 2.84-7.20) times more likely to receive pentavalent 1-3 and MMR/yellow fever doses, respectively, and 5.67 (95% CI: 3.48-9.23) times more likely to receive VAS, as compared to the control group. (bvsalud.org)
  • Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of a support intervention on the burden and stress of family caregivers and on the stroke survivors' independence level, compared to the Control Group. (bvsalud.org)
  • systemd-cgls recursively shows the contents of the selected Linux control group hierarchy in a tree. (ubuntu.com)
  • The control groups may either be specified by their full file paths or are assumed in the systemd control group hierarchy. (ubuntu.com)
  • Otherwise, the full systemd control group hierarchy is shown. (ubuntu.com)
  • A group control represents a node within a hierarchy. (microsoft.com)
  • This is perhaps the most striking finding of this review, and reflects a widespread approach to job stress that runs counter to the approach taken to reduce health effects from all other occupational hazards, where the focus is on reducing worker exposures via the hierarchy of controls. (cdc.gov)
  • However, even participants in the control group experienced a relatively high burden of health issues overall…" (3/6). (kff.org)
  • Thus, the final analyses were performed on a group of 77 participants. (medscape.com)
  • Seventeen participants in the active HD-tDCS group (44.7%) and 13 participants in the sham control group (33.3%) believed to have received the active treatment. (medscape.com)
  • Standard-of-care vaginal to rectal group B Streptococcus swabs were collected from all participants at 36 weeks' gestation and determined the need for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Antepartum Gastrointestinal Symptom Assessment scores were similar at baseline (P=.19), but significantly decreased in probiotic group participants at 36 weeks (P=.02). (bvsalud.org)
  • By age 3 years, 0.6% (7/1166) of participants were diagnosed with an IgE-mediated CMA - 0.7% in the SIG group (4/597) and 0.5% in the EIG group (3/569). (medscape.com)
  • WASHINGTON, D.C., January 12, 2022 - Today, Artemis Strategy Group released How the Pandemic Changed Us: Americans Choosing to Live and Work Differently, a study that identifies how a pandemic-infused environment has influenced the way Americans think about their lives, what they value, and how that affects the way they live, work and manage their health and money. (artemissg.com)
  • placebo-controlled trial was conducted in seven districts of the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana. (bvsalud.org)
  • Double-blind placebo-controlled trial of oral acyclovir in first-episode genital herpes simplex virus infection. (bvs.br)
  • The goal was to find differences among fibromyalgic patients (FM), rheumatoid illness patients, and a healthy control group (n = 15 ea). (bvsalud.org)
  • These changes may be reversible or their progression may be halted with improved diabetic control, although in some patients the condition initially worsens. (medscape.com)
  • Trunk impairment, restricted balance, and impaired postural control in patients with stroke are correlated with increasing risk of falls and impaired mobility. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients with TB cause impaired cell-mediated immunity and were admitted and the other 2 groups were compromise neutrophil functions [5]. (who.int)
  • What's more, 65% of the patients in the intermittent fasting group who achieved remission had had diabetes for longer than 6 years. (medscape.com)
  • Randomized placebo-controlled trials of inhaled corticosteroids in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis showed no significant improvement in lung function. (medscape.com)
  • The DPVCG was created as an outcome of the W3C Workshop on Data Privacy Controls and Vocabularies in Vienna in 2017, and started on 25th May 2018 - the date of the enforcement of GDPR. (w3.org)
  • Ron was promoted to group vice president & chief accounting officer in 2017 and then appointed group vice president of accounting & finance responsible for all accounting, taxation, corporate finance and business analytics for the TFS Americas and Oceania Region in 2019. (toyota.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: A study of knowledge beliefs and practices in relation to cancer prevention and control in a group of women and their relationship with selected factors. (who.int)
  • mean body-mass index (BMI) of children and adolescents the prevention and control of chronic conditions, such as Laboratory of Biological to 1970s levels1 can be readily achieved by the policy obesity, that account for much of the world population's Modeling, Diabetes initiatives described by other authors of this Series. (bvs.br)
  • Policy and environmental changes are unlikely to achieve obesity prevention and control. (bvs.br)
  • As part of its legislative agenda for 2019, the advocacy group is seeking to expand Extreme Risk Protection Orders, to include "hate-based threats," to limit open carry firearms in crowded public events, parks, and libraries, and to restrict access to high-capacity magazines. (mynorthwest.com)
  • Additionally they imply that other investigations which rely on screening data to assess other possible sources of non-comparability of data (e.g., non-comparability of baseline assessment data or differential sample attrition) would not be confounded by differences between groups at randomization. (hhs.gov)
  • No significant differences between active and control groups for any of these baseline characteristics were identified. (medscape.com)
  • No significant differences in the presence of side effects were found between the active and control groups ( P = 0.18). (medscape.com)
  • No significant differences in these proportions were found between both groups ( P = 0.30). (medscape.com)
  • A linear regression model was constructed to investigate the effect of treatment group on ΔTFI scores, i.e. the differences between TFI scores at baseline and follow-up. (medscape.com)
  • Qualitative content analyses were used to analyse reported experiences from group participation. (nih.gov)
  • The following table depicts a typical control and content view of the UI Automation tree that pertains to group controls and describes what can be contained in each view. (microsoft.com)
  • The group control is always included in the content view of the UI Automation tree. (microsoft.com)
  • Several countries in Europe, South America, and Australia are experiencing outbreaks of group W meningococcal (MenW) disease, caused by a hypervirulent strain of Neisseria meningitides belonging to sequence type 11 (ST11) clonal complex (CC) and associated with severe disease and a high case-fatality rate ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • As available vaccine supply has increased and progress has been made towards controlling ongoing outbreaks in some jurisdictions, vaccine is more readily available. (cdc.gov)
  • If the control supports the Toggle control pattern, it must support this event. (microsoft.com)
  • The development of science-based hazard and risk categories for nanomaterials is needed for decision-making about exposure control practices in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
  • Linking such benchmark particles to specific exposure control bands would facilitate the translation of health hazard and quantitative risk information to the development of effective exposure control practices in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
  • Poorly soluble particles are used here as an example to illustrate quantitative risk assessment methods for possible benchmark particles and occupational exposure control groups, given mode of action and relative toxicity. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods for eliminating/controlling hazards, reducing exposure to them, or teaching workers to avoid them. (cdc.gov)
  • But after a near miss on an anti-gay bill in Arizona last week, LGBT advocacy groups are rallying around a Supreme Court birth control case, arguing that gay people's rights will be collateral damage if the court rules that for-profit businesses do not have to provide contraceptives to female employees. (yahoo.com)
  • More than 60 progressive advocacy groups representing millions of members across the U.S. are pressuring senators to pass an amendment led by Sen. Bernie Sanders that would cut the proposed Pentagon budget by 10% and redirect the $74 billion in savings toward funding healthcare, education, jobs, and housing in impoverished and neglected communities. (commondreams.org)
  • Our militarism budget is out of control," a coalition of 61 advocacy groups wrote in a letter (pdf) to senators on Monday. (commondreams.org)
  • The coalition of progressive advocacy groups-which includes Public Citizen, RootsAction, CodePink, and Win Without War-wrote Monday that "common-sense steps" like "eliminating redundant and unusable weapons systems, ending wars, ceasing reliance on expensive contractors, and rejecting new nuclear weapons development" would "allow us to properly focus our investments on our most urgent and pressing human needs. (commondreams.org)
  • The Rittenhouse trial, news coverage and verdict exposed glaring blind spots in the politicians calling for a rushed prosecution, the media repeating debunked narratives and gun control groups conveniently ignoring actual heinous crimes previously committed by those who attacked Rittenhouse, including during the incidents in which he defended his own life. (nssf.org)
  • A randomized controlled trial of an oral probiotic to reduce antepartum group B Streptococcus colonization and gastrointestinal symptoms. (bvsalud.org)
  • The next day, on the opposite coast, Johns Hopkins University researchers published results from the first randomized controlled trial of treating major depressive disorder with synthetic psilocybin. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Methodology: Multicentre blinded-assessor randomized controlled (parallel group) trial. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of providing mothers with mobile voice or text (SMS) reminder messages on health facility attendance at five infant immunization and vitamin A supplementation (VAS) visits. (bvsalud.org)
  • A randomized double-blind controlled trial in normal subjects. (bvs.br)
  • EAT is a population-based randomised controlled trial designed to investigate whether the early introduction of allergenic foods into an infant's diet reduced the risk of development of food allergy to that food. (medscape.com)
  • However, for five contacts with high-risk exposures, group quarantine in an observation unit was preferred because the five had crowded home environments or occupations that could have resulted in a large number of community exposures if they developed Ebola. (cdc.gov)
  • Sub A and Sub B are members of the same controlled group. (benefitslink.com)
  • IRC §414(b) says that the employees of all corporations which are members of a controlled group are deemed to be employed by a single employer for purposes of [a host of Code provisions]. (benefitslink.com)
  • Thus, for purposes of this paragraph, the test of control is 80 percent control and, since the rules of section 1563(b) apply, only domestic members are considered to be members of the controlled group. (cornell.edu)
  • If arguments are specified, shows all member processes of the specified control groups plus all their subgroups and their members. (ubuntu.com)
  • The Control System Integrators Association (CSIA) welcomed 15 integrator members and eight partner members to their ranks. (controleng.com)
  • Now you can enable "Group chat controls" which gives you the power to not only edit the group name and photo but also to permanently ban members. (androidauthority.com)
  • Survivors of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia had a higher prevalence of certain health issues - including uveitis (eye redness and pain), abdominal, chest, neurologic, and musculoskeletal abnormalities upon physical exam - when compared to a control group of household and community members who did not have a history of EVD, according to findings from an ongoing study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. (kff.org)
  • When the team further untangled the web of ownership, it found much of it tracked back to a "super-entity" of 147 even more tightly knit companies - all of their ownership was held by other members of the super-entity - that controlled 40 per cent of the total wealth in the network. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • A subsystem is typically a "resource controller" that schedules a resource or applies per-cgroup limits, but it may be anything that wants to act on a group of processes, e.g. a virtualization subsystem. (kernel.org)
  • Access to hormonal birth control hasn't typically been a goal of the gay rights movement. (yahoo.com)
  • Group controls typically include UI Automation support for control types found below them in the subtree, including the ListItem , TreeItem , and DataItem control types. (microsoft.com)
  • Group controls are typically self-labeling. (microsoft.com)
  • The group control typically gets its name from the text that labels the control. (microsoft.com)
  • On May 16-17, 1997, CDC convened a working group of state and city TB-control program staff, as well as representatives from CDC's Division of TB Elimination and Division of Quarantine, to outline problems and propose solutions for addressing TB among foreign-born persons. (cdc.gov)
  • for the evaluation of surveillance by county mosquito control agencies in the state. (nj.gov)
  • Clarke Mosquito Control Products, Inc. for the purchase and delivery of mosquito control formulations ($187,883). (nj.gov)
  • Cape May County Department of Mosquito Control for the collection and testing of collected mosquito specimens and reporting of results for arboviruses ($54,500). (nj.gov)
  • While this information will not be disclosed to any third party without your consent, neither "Olympus RPG Group" nor phpBB shall be held responsible for any hacking attempt that may lead to the data being compromised. (olympusrpg.org)
  • These all require the basic notion of a grouping/partitioning of processes, with newly forked processes ending up in the same group (cgroup) as their parent process. (kernel.org)
  • The kernel cgroup patch provides the minimum essential kernel mechanisms required to efficiently implement such groups. (kernel.org)
  • If no argument is specified and the current working directory is beneath the control group mount point /sys/fs/cgroup/ , shows the contents of the control group the working directory refers to. (ubuntu.com)
  • To join the group, you need a valid W3C account - which is free to get and can be requested here . (w3.org)
  • Join this Group? (tagged.com)
  • There was an error sending a request to join group. (tagged.com)
  • Thanks, your join request has been sent to the Group admins. (tagged.com)
  • Join Group Joining. (tagged.com)
  • We are on the look out for a dynamic and energetic individual to join the Operations team as a Production Control Unit Executive. (exploreture.com)
  • Only in the active HD-tDCS group, matched loudness decreased from baseline to follow-up (Figure 3A). (medscape.com)
  • Baseline vaginal and rectal study swabs for group B Streptococcus colony-forming units and microbiome analysis were collected at 28 and 36 weeks' gestation . (bvsalud.org)
  • Yet when a study purporting to give the opposite conclusion (with quite a small sample group) emerges, there it is on page one, paraded for all the world to see. (billmuehlenberg.com)
  • Based on the review results, the NBHW's overall conclusion is that the risks of puberty blocking and cross-sex hormone treatment for those younger than 18 currently outweigh the possible benefits for the group as a whole. (medscape.com)
  • If the conservative-leaning court rules that companies may deny contraceptives based on the religious beliefs of their owners, corporations would have more latitude to argue that serving gays and lesbians violates their religious beliefs, the groups argue. (yahoo.com)
  • Definition: Controlled group of corporations. (cornell.edu)
  • For purposes of this paragraph, the term controlled group of corporations has the same meaning assigned to the term in section 1563(a) and not section 993(a)(3) and 1.993-1(k). (cornell.edu)
  • An analysis of the relationships between 43,000 transnational corporations has identified a relatively small group of companies , mainly banks, with disproportionate power over the global economy. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • This report analyzes the treatment and control groups in the National Long-Term Care Channeling Demonstration and concludes that the randomization procedure resulted in groups that are very similar on observable characteristics. (hhs.gov)
  • Demographic characteristics were evaluated in each group. (bvs.br)
  • The Working Group on Tuberculosis Among Foreign-Born Persons considered a) epidemiologic profiles of TB cases among foreign-born persons, b) case finding, screening, and preventive therapy for the foreign born, c) TB diagnosis and management for the foreign born, d) opportunities for collaborations with community-based organizations (CBOs) to address TB among the foreign born, and e) TB-related training needs. (cdc.gov)
  • The priorities of TB control among the foreign born should be the same as those for control of TB among other U.S. populations -- completion of treatment by persons infected with active TB, contact tracing, and screening and provision of preventive therapy for groups at high risk. (cdc.gov)
  • Screening should target groups of persons who are at the highest risk for TB infection and disease, accessible for screening, and likely to complete preventive therapy. (cdc.gov)
  • By accessing "Olympus RPG Group" (hereinafter "we", "us", "our", "Olympus RPG Group", "https://forum.olympusrpg.org"), you agree to be legally bound by the following terms. (olympusrpg.org)
  • By accessing "Electronic Systems Group" (hereinafter "we", "us", "our", "Electronic Systems Group", "https://cset.stcc.edu/forums"), you agree to be legally bound by the following terms. (stcc.edu)
  • The outcome for this group - again, much more so than among other workers - has been greater personal satisfaction and greater attention to self-care, work/life balance and life purpose. (artemissg.com)
  • The Group control type creates a separation in the UI Automation tree so items that are grouped together have a logical division within the UI Automation tree. (microsoft.com)
  • The jarring recent images of police with weapons of war in our streets is a stark reminder of how militarism and white supremacy drive misplaced spending priorities both at home and abroad," the groups wrote. (commondreams.org)
  • The good quality observed in these laboratorial processes were due to the improvement of the technician's learning curve, observation of the laboratorial protocols, the correction of possible defects in the equipment used and the application of statistical process control (SPC). (bvsalud.org)
  • Laboratories that conduct tick testing are not required to have the high standards of quality control used by clinical diagnostic laboratories. (cdc.gov)
  • Grupos que sirven como estándar para comparación en estudios experimentales. (bvsalud.org)
  • Generar recomendaciones basadas en la mejor evidencia disponible acerca del manejo clínico de las personas con infección crónica por virus de Hepatitis C, relevando los grupos de mayor riesgo y contribuyendo a una mejor gestión de los recursos. (bvsalud.org)
  • Tata Group has emerged as the successful bidder for troubled national flag-carrier, Air India. (breakingtravelnews.com)
  • The sale marks the return of Air India to the Tata Group, a pioneer in Indian commercial aviation when it first launched the airline in 1932, before it was taken over by the government in 1953. (breakingtravelnews.com)
  • The organisation will also take complete control of subsidiary Air India Express, a low-cost carrier airline that focusses on short-haul international operations especially in the Middle East market. (breakingtravelnews.com)
  • Commenting on the development, N. Chandrasekaran, chairman, Tata Sons, said: "At the Tata group, we are delighted to be declared as the winner of the bid for Air India. (breakingtravelnews.com)
  • Most of us tend to think of money as a convenient way to conduct transactions, but the truth is that it also represents power and control. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • A group of test subjects or experiment s that are treated exactly the same way as the experimental group except for the one variable being tested. (everything2.com)
  • In the active HD-tDCS group, two subjects reported light, transient headaches after the stimulation sessions. (medscape.com)
  • In the sham control group, four subjects reported light, transient headaches, one subject reported more serious migraine-like headaches and one subject reported tingling sensations in the extremities after each session. (medscape.com)
  • On July 20, 2014, the first known case of Ebola virus disease (Ebola) in Nigeria, in a traveler from Liberia ( 1 ), led to an outbreak that was successfully curtailed with infection control, contact tracing, isolation, and quarantine measures coordinated through an incident management system ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Son semejantes en las características de interés al grupo experimental pero que no se someten a la intervención experimental. (bvsalud.org)
  • Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. (bvsalud.org)
  • The group meets usually through online meeting calls, details of which, including past minutes, can be found here . (w3.org)
  • A discussion of the consequences of being in a controlled group is found in Chapter 10 of my book, Who's the Employer? . (benefitslink.com)
  • I have found the most delicious of groups called The New Pornographers . (experiencedmistress.com)
  • Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above. (cdc.gov)
  • It included 1303 exclusively breastfed 3-month-old infants in England and Wales who were randomised at 13-17 weeks of age to a standard introduction group (SIG) or an early introduction group (EIG). (medscape.com)
  • To tailor TB-control efforts to local needs, TB-control programs should develop epidemiologic profiles to identify groups of foreign-born persons in their jurisdictions who are at high risk for TB. (cdc.gov)
  • Report this Group? (tagged.com)
  • This paper is a report of a study to test the effect of participating in a reflecting peer-support group on self-reported health, burnout and on perceived changes in work conditions. (nih.gov)
  • The Working Group's deliberations and the resulting recommendations for action by federal agencies, state and local TB-control programs, CBOs, and private health-care providers form the basis of this report. (cdc.gov)
  • For each of the five topics of discussion, the group identified key issues, problems, and constraints and suggested solutions in the form of recommendations, which are detailed in this report. (cdc.gov)
  • 5. Ensure security escort guards report to control room on position of the convoy and each convoy is monitored. (jobsbwana.com)
  • TB we decided to compare zinc status in After completion of treatment, all of the children with active pulmonary TB and 2 children became bacteriologically negative control groups (healthy and malnourished and were routinely followed up in the out- children). (who.int)
  • This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a probiotic to reduce (1) standard-of-care antenatal group B Streptococcus colonization and colony counts and (2) gastrointestinal symptoms of pregnancy . (bvsalud.org)
  • No covariates significantly altered group B Streptococcus colonization. (bvsalud.org)
  • The parent and the subsidiary are a controlled group under IRC 414(b). (benefitslink.com)
  • The group claimed that the form violated their religious beliefs as signing the document would make them "authorize others" to provide contraception. (marieclaire.com)
  • The following table lists the UI Automation properties whose value or definition is especially relevant to the group controls. (microsoft.com)
  • The decision to use group quarantine versus home monitoring was made by balancing the practicalities of managing the observation unit effectively while simultaneously administering protocols within the observation unit to minimize risk to the persons housed there. (cdc.gov)
  • Escorted by Turkish security forces, the group boarded buses and headed toward the border. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The latest update to Google Allo brings short video-messaging capabilities and gives you special admin powers when creating a group chat. (androidauthority.com)
  • He is responsible for developing a global center of excellence for internal control capabilities, providing guidance to Toyota operations around the world. (toyota.com)
  • General questions regarding what the group considers in scope can be determined from the aims and objectives. (w3.org)
  • Please click here tips for control your diabetes. (tagged.com)
  • It is also associated with poor metabolic control and a greater risk of developing other diabetes-related complications. (medscape.com)
  • This topic provides information about Microsoft UI Automation support for the Group control type. (microsoft.com)
  • The following sections define the required UI Automation tree structure, properties, control patterns, and events for the Group control type. (microsoft.com)
  • The UI Automation requirements apply to all group controls where the UI framework/platform integrates UI Automation support for control types and control patterns. (microsoft.com)
  • The following table lists the UI Automation control patterns required to be supported for the Group control type. (microsoft.com)
  • For more information on control patterns, see UI Automation Control Patterns Overview . (microsoft.com)
  • The following table lists the UI Automation events that group controls are required to support. (microsoft.com)