Contraceptives, Postcoital: Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Coitus: The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.Contraceptives, Oral, Combined: Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.Metrorrhagia: Abnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to MENSTRUATION, usually in females without regular MENSTRUAL CYCLE. The irregular and unpredictable bleeding usually comes from a dysfunctional ENDOMETRIUM.Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Menstruation-Inducing Agents: Chemical compounds that induce menstruation either through direct action on the reproductive organs or through indirect action by relieving another condition of which amenorrhea is a secondary result. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Ethinyl Estradiol: A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Contraceptive Devices, Female: Contraceptive devices used by females.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Contraceptive Agents, Male: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Desogestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.Norgestrel: A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.Levonorgestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Mestranol: The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Norethindrone: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.Vaccines, Contraceptive: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Medroxyprogesterone Acetate: A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.Spermatocidal Agents: Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.Intrauterine Devices, Copper: Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Norethynodrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.Ethynodiol Diacetate: A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Contraception, Immunologic: Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.Norpregnenes: Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination: ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Contraceptives, Oral, Sequential: Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.Sterilization, Tubal: Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.Androstenes: Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.Progesterone Congeners: Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Intrauterine Devices, Medicated: Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Contraceptive Devices, Male: Contraceptive devices used by males.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Megestrol: 17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.Drug Implants: Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Spermatogenesis-Blocking Agents: Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.Ovulation Inhibition: Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.Medroxyprogesterone: (6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Condoms: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Norpregnadienes: Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.Transdermal Patch: A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.Ethisterone: 17 alpha-Hydroxypregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one. A synthetic steroid hormone with progestational effects.Estradiol Congeners: Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Nonoxynol: Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.XanthurenatesAbortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Coitus Interruptus: A contraceptive method whereby coitus is purposely interrupted in order to prevent EJACULATION of SEMEN into the VAGINA.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Men: Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Chlormadinone Acetate: An orally active synthetic progestational hormone used often in combinations as an oral contraceptive.

Questionnaire study of use of emergency contraception among teenagers.(1/25)

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Provision of emergency contraception in general practice and confidentiality for the under 16's: results of a postal survey by general practitioners in Avon. (2/25)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the provision of emergency contraception and confidentiality for the under 16's by general practitioners (GPs) in Avon, in order to inform the development of a health promotion intervention in schools in Avon. DESIGN: Confidential postal questionnaire survey. SETTING: All principals in general practice in Avon Health Authority, South West England. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and eighty general practice principals were sent the questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and eighty-six (84%) principals in general practice responded to the questionnaire. Only three (0.6%) GPs did not provide hormonal emergency contraception. Nearly half (232, 47.7%) would fit the intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception. Fitting an IUD was associated with female gender of the GP (OR = 2.34, 95% CI 1.53-3.71), and whether the GP had a family planning qualification (OR = 4.55, 95% CI 2.41-8.60). Three hundred and fifty-two (72%) respondents would provide emergency contraception on a Sunday if requested to do so by a 14-year-old who reported having had unprotected sex the night before. Practice nurses in 26 (5%) of the respondent's practices were available to provide advice and tablets for patients requesting hormonal emergency contraception. However, 74 (21%) respondents employed a family planning trained practice nurse who was not involved in any way in the provision of emergency contraception. Practice nurses remain an under used resource in this area. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that most GPs provide hormonal emergency contraception. Only eight (1.6%) of respondents would need to ask for parental consent prior to providing hormonal emergency contraception to a 14-year old-girl. Young people need to be informed of GPs widespread adherence to current confidentiality guidelines.  (+info)

Emergency hormonal contraception: the community pharmacy perspective. (3/25)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of community pharmacists in the North West of England towards the deregulation of emergency hormonal contraception (EHC) and to examine their support and training needs. DESIGN: Two focus group discussions. SUBJECTS: Fourteen community pharmacists, of whom eight were currently participating in a scheme to supply EHC free of charge through a patient group direction (PGD). RESULTS: A number of themes emerged from the discussions, which appeared to influence participants' views towards the use of EHC and towards deregulation. A number of participants appeared to lack detailed knowledge about the mode of action of EHC and misunderstandings about this, coupled with erroneously held beliefs about the adverse effects of the drug, appeared to influence their attitudes to deregulation. Participants identified risks associated with pharmacy supply of EHC, both to women and to themselves, in the form of litigation. EHC was accorded a special status which seemed to go beyond its pharmacological properties and risk-benefit profile. A key and recurring theme was abuse, an ill-defined concept which appeared to refer to multiple or repeated use. It is interesting to note that none of those participants supplying EHC under a PGD could provide any examples of such abuse from their own experience. CONCLUSIONS: This small-scale study provides useful insights into the attitudes of these pharmacists towards EHC, the impact of increased availability of the drug, and the type of women who they believed would use EHC.  (+info)

Emergency contraception: Who are the users? (4/25)

CONTEXT: Data collected from two community family planning services are used to discuss the characteristics of users of emergency contraception (EC). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of women attending for emergency contraception. DESIGN: A descriptive survey design was used to collect data. Questionnaires were completed over a 4-week period. Data were analysed using SPSS. SETTING: Community family planning services in South West Surrey and Newham, East London. PARTICIPANTS: Consenting women aged 14-44 years attending for emergency contraception (n = 171). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Description of the users, the current episode and contact with contraceptive services were analysed by age. RESULTS: The age range was 14-37 years (mean 20.2 years). A majority were smokers. Of the women, 97.7% attended the clinic within the 72-hour time frame for issuing oral EC, however only 4% came within 12 hours of intercourse; 55% said that they had used contraception. Condom breakage was the commonest reason for failure. Reasons for not using contraception included getting 'carried away' (35%), not having condoms available (22%) and having drunk alcohol (13%). Of the sample 55.6% were previous users of EC. DISCUSSION: The study demonstrates a high incidence of sexual risk taking and need for EC, especially amongst smokers and drinkers. The message that soonest is best still requires promotion. Providers of EC must co-ordinate their services to ensure access within the 12-hour time frame in a local area. CONCLUSION: Health professionals need to ensure that clients have appropriate information about EC and regular contraceptive methods and that user friendly provision is widely available.  (+info)

Use of hormonal emergency contraception at a university health centre over a 6 year period. (5/25)

This was a retrospective review of the use of emergency hormonal contraception at a university-based health centre over a 6 year period. Usage was greater than noted in previous studies. Condom problems, or not using any form of contraception, were the main reasons for requests. Users were significantly more likely to be smokers than the base population.  (+info)

Training and supporting pharmacists to supply progestogen-only emergency contraception. (6/25)

OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the training and support provided to the first cohort of community pharmacists to supply progestogen-only emergency contraception (POEC) under a Patient Group Direction (PGD) in Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham, London. DESIGN: The study comprised (a) a systematic analysis of written and oral data from pharmacists before and during training, and at 5 and 13-14 months after launch; (b) analysis of telephone calls to clinical support and (c) analysis of written pharmacy records. SUBJECTS: A total of 20/22 pharmacists in the first training cohort; 6/23 pharmacists who applied but were not accepted were also followed up. RESULTS: A formal course with role-play was a successful training method, and the course also served as a team-building exercise. Subsequent interviews demonstrated that pharmacists had understood the concept of client confidentiality and gained confidence over time in the use of the PGD. The on-call consultants received 152 calls in the first 12 months of the scheme. Over 80% of the calls concerned clinical criteria (notably including 22% that were queries about oral contraceptives). Frequency ranged from one to eight calls per week with 28% made at weekends. In over half (60%) of the calls the pharmacist was subsequently able to make a supply. Queries over client management resulted in several changes in the protocol. The primary expressed concern for all pharmacists at all time points was how clients might 'misuse' or 'abuse' the service, and this remained a concern despite the fact that it also applies to other routes of supply of POEC. However, the PGD cohort was more positive on local benefits than pharmacists who were not selected. CONCLUSIONS: Training and support have enabled this often-underused group of professionals to participate in an extended reproductive health service. Mobile phones are an essential support tool.  (+info)

Emergency contraception: lessons learned from the UK. (7/25)

CONTEXT: Since January 2001, women aged over 16 years in the UK have been able to purchase progestogen-only emergency hormonal contraception from pharmacists without prescription. This paper outlines the context in which these changes took place, including contraceptive choices in the UK, changes within the pharmacy profession and political pressures. OBSERVATIONS: We chart the multisectoral developments required to make emergency contraception (EC) available without prescription in the UK, from clinical research findings and results on the views and behaviour of health care professionals and users of EC, through to professional and policy developments, including challenges during and after this process. DISCUSSION: Lessons learnt from the innovative experience of the deregulation of EC in the UK apply to other regions currently considering similar change. We extrapolate internationally applicable lessons including the importance of stakeholder partnership, transparency and cautious pace of change, and the vital role of professional groups. CONCLUSION: Although this change brought a new element of reproductive choice to some women, significant barriers to access to EC still remain for young women and women unable to afford the high price ( 24/euro;37/$39) of pharmacy purchase in the UK.  (+info)

A national study examining the effect of making emergency hormonal contraception available without prescription. (8/25)

BACKGROUND: In January 2001, emergency hormonal contraception was made available for women over the age of 16 years directly from a pharmacist without prescription. It is of interest whether this change in the UK has led to any improvements or deterioration in the service provided for the women who need it. METHODS: Self- completed, anonymous questionnaires were distributed to women requesting emergency hormonal contraception through a single group of pharmacies located throughout England, Wales and Scotland. RESULTS: A total 419 women returned completed questionnaires. A greater proportion of women were able to take emergency contraception within 24 h when they obtained their tablets directly from a pharmacy without a prescription (64% versus 46%, P = 0.029). Women who obtained their drugs directly from the pharmacist were just as well informed, just as likely to arrange regular follow-up and generally preferred this system, although they disliked having to pay. CONCLUSION: Making emergency hormonal contraception available without prescription has improved services to women who need them, but these improvements are quantitatively minimal, preventing only five additional pregnancies per 10,000 users.  (+info)

The use of hormonal contraceptive pills in women with HIV is complex due to potential interactions between these agents and HIV medications. HIV-infected women taking efavirenz have an even greater need for effective birth control as this medication may cause severe brain damage to a developing fetus. The use of an emergency contraceptive agent in cases of unprotected sex or condom failure can prevent pregnancy. This study seeks to establish that Plan B can be used effectively and safely in women taking efavirenz ...
McGuire, Alistair (1995) The provision of health care. In: Alban, Anita and Christensen, Terkel, (eds.) The Nordic Lights: New Initiatives in Health Care Systems. Odense University Press, Odense, Denmark, pp. 31-45. ISBN 8778381444 McGuire, Alistair, Fenn, Paul, Phillips, V., Backhouse, Martin and Jones, D. (1995) The analysis of censored treatment cost data in economic evaluation. Medical Care, 33 (8). pp. 851-863. ISSN 0025-7079 McGuire, Alistair, Gray, Alastair and Fenn, Paul (1995) The cost of Type I diabetes mellitus in England and Wales. Diabetic Medicine, 4. pp. 13-16. ISSN 0742-3071 McGuire, Alistair and Hughes, David (1995) Patient charges and the utilisation of NHS prescription medicines: some estimates using the cointegration procedure. Health Economics, 4 (3). pp. 213-220. ISSN 1057-9230 McGuire, Alistair and Hughes, David (1995) The cost-effectiveness of emergency contraception. In: Paintin, David, (ed.) The Provision of Emergency Hormonal Contraception. Published for the Royal ...
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Trust Women South Wind Womens Center offers emergency contraception at an affordable price with no appointment or prescription necessary.
Heres what I see coming.. Quick take - what happens this fall and winter will bump up premiums, injury rates and claims costs. Insurers will see rising premiums, claims service entities more work, and some insurers and re-insurers bottom lines will be hit hard.. Companies focused on servicing work comp patients in Texas and Florida are going to be very busy.. Hurricanes are the "why". Harvey, Irma, and as-yet-unnamed storms are likely to make this the worst of all hurricane seasons - and were nowhere close to the end of the season.. Harvey alone may cost close to $200 billion. With Irma - now a Category 5 hurricane with winds over 175 miles per hour - storm tracks favoring a Florida landfall, we could be looking at a second blockbuster bill. (note cost projections are all over the map. There are huge implications for the workforce - starting with public safety workers, moving to clean-up crews and workers making emergency repairs. Then comes re-building: residential, public, commercial, and ...
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Typically, says researcher and professor Robert Schweitzer, the conclusion of sex should bring pleasant feelings or positive feelings along with a state of calmness. For the women with postcoital dysphoria, however, feelings were the opposite - anxious, irritable or sad. Some women who said they felt sad or blue after sex said the negative feelings werent related to feeling unloved or the act itself. The feelings seemed to be relatively unknown in origin, but its an area thats gaining research interest, says an article from ScienceDaily.. Some speculate postcoital dysphoria is linked with feelings of guilt or shame associated with a history of sexual trauma or abuse. These feelings can lead to a woman wanting to refrain from sex all together. However, Schweitzers research hasnt found a significant relationship yet between a woman having a history of sexual violence or abuse and her experiences with postcoital dysphoria.. Further research will explore other possible causes for postcoital ...
FERNIE - Hundreds gathered around a bonfire at Fernie Secondary School last Sunday (November 12) to remember and pay tribute to the three men who lost their lives in a tragic workplace accident last month. Wayne Hornquist, 59, Lloyd Smith, 52, and Jason Podloski, 46, died Oct. 17 while making emergency repairs to the refrigeration plant at the Fernie Memorial Arena. Hornquist and Smith were both City of Fernie employees and CUPE members, and Podloski was a CIMCO Refrigeration employee.. "Sundays memorial was a beautiful tribute to three men who were taken too soon," says CUPE BC Secretary-Treasurer Trevor Davies. "Seeing how the community has pulled together to support one another is incredible. Our thoughts continue to be with the community of Fernie and everyone affected by this tragedy during this difficult time.". All three men were described by family and friends as compassionate and caring individuals who were deeply committed to their communities and families.. Fernie Councillor Joe ...
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Results of experience with a low-oestrogen combined contraceptive in 1,085 women showed that a dosage of less than 50 μg is compatible with satisfactory cycle control and efficacy. The preparation used in the trial, which contained 0·5 mg dl-norgestrel and 0·03 mg ethinyloestradiol, proved acceptable to most of the women.. ...
Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. Dedicated products, the Yuzpe regimen (Preven) and levonorgestrel (Plan B), were marketed in the United States after 1998 but had been available in Europe for years before that. A third approved method of emergency contraception is the insertion of an intrauterine device. Emergency contraception is about 75 to 85 percent effective. It is most effective when initiated within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. The mechanism of action may vary, depending on the day of the menstrual cycle on which treatment is started. Despite the large number of women who have received emergency contraception, there have been no reports of major adverse outcomes. If a woman becomes
A 25-year-old Para 1321 female from North India presented to emergency room with sudden bout of heavy postcoital bleed associated with suprapubic cramping since the last 4 h. In her obstetric history, she had four-term vaginal deliveries and two complete abortions. There was no similar history of either postcoital bleeding or excessive bleeding following childbirth or abortion in the past. Her menstrual history was unremarkable. There was no family history of such bleeding or any bleeding disorders. She was hemodynamically stable at admission. On pelvic examination, uterus was normal in size, shape, and was non tender. After history and examination, test for urine and serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) was carried out which were negative. Transabdominal ultrasonography (USG) showed bulky uterus with cystic areas within it [Figure 1]. Color Doppler imaging demonstrated multiple tortuous vascular channels and spaces in intramyometrial and in bilateral parametrial region with flow in both ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comorbidity profiles among women with postcoital bleeding. T2 - a nationwide health insurance database. AU - Liu, Hsin Li. AU - Chen, Chuan Mei. AU - Pai, Lee Wen. AU - Hwu, Yueh Juen. AU - Lee, Horng Mo. AU - Chung, Yueh Chin. PY - 2017/4/1. Y1 - 2017/4/1. N2 - Purpose: Most of the existing studies on postcoital bleeding (PCB) in Western countries. To date, no study has focused on the various PCB-related comorbidities in Taiwan women. This work aims to analyze and compare the presence or absence of PCB among Taiwanese women with gynecological comorbidity. Methods: This study is a population-based retrospective cohort investigation. Outpatients with PCB after the index date were considered. A total of 2377 female patients with PCB (ICD-9 626.7) were identified using a nationwide outpatient sample from 2001 to 2010. For comparison, 7131 cases were randomly matched with the study group in terms of gender and age. Results: The PCB incidence rate was 39-59 cases/100,000 Taiwanese ...
Hormonal contraception (HC) is used widely -- an estimated 14 million women in sub-Saharan Africa use either injectable or oral hormonal contraception -- ...
Free Online Library: Advances in hormonal contraception: over time, methods have become safer, more acceptable, easier to use, and more diverse. by Network; Health, general Family and marriage Contraceptives Product development Research Hormones Usage Pharmaceutical research Evaluation
Participants will be randomized to 1 of 12 groups: (dosing regimen: BAT24, precoital, postcoital or daily) x (sample collection time-point: 4, 12 or 72 hrs after the last act of study-related sex). 30 women will be assigned to each the BAT24 and daily dosing regimens; 15 will be assigned to each the pre- and postcoital dosing regimens. Those assigned to the BAT24 or a pericoital regimen will have study-related sex twice weekly for 2 weeks. Those assigned to the daily regimen will use the gel at about the same time each day for 2 weeks and to have sex at least twice each week ...
The Combined Pill contains a combination of synthetic versions of oestrogen and progestogen which together provide almost 100% protection against pregnancy.
Depressive disorders afflict almost 10 percent of the United States population, but the incidence of depression among women is about twice that of men. Now ...
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From a medical perspective, emergency contraception is safe and effective, although not as effective in preventing pregnancy as routinely used contraceptives. Despite its usefulness in the event of contraceptive lapse or failure, emergency contraception continues to provoke controversy. Central issues leading to debate include the uncertainty of its mechanism of action and, more recently, concerns about the impact of over-the-counter availability, which the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) denied in its May 2004 decision.. The way emergency contraception prevents pregnancy is not precisely defined, but it likely works by means of several mechanisms, including inhibition of ovulation, prevention of fertilization, and interference with implantation.1-3 To some persons, any post-fertilization effect is tantamount to abortion. Others, including the FDA, the National Institutes of Health, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, define abortion only as disruption of an ...
Emergency contraception is birth control you can use to prevent pregnancy up to five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. There are two types of emergency contraception: morning-after pills, and the copper IUD.. PPKeystone offers a variety of Emergency Contraception options, including:. ...
Emergency contraceptives are methods of preventing pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse (usually up to 72 hours after). They do not protect against sexually transmitted infections. Emergency contraception is not abortion, although some people who object to abortion also object to emergency contraception.
By Ramadhani Chambuso. The risk of breast cancer was elevated among women who used hormonal contraceptives than among women who had never used them before, a study suggests, published in December, 2017 on the top journal in human Medicine, New England Journal of Medicine.. The study was done in Denmark, followed up 1.8 million women for 10.9 years who used hormonal birth control methods and only 11,517 cases of breast cancer occurred. Furthermore, when compared with women who have never used any hormonal control pills, the risk of breast cancer increased up to 38% depending on duration of use from less than 1 year to more than 10 years in all forms of hormonal contraception methods such as the pills, injections or hormone releasing-Intra Uterine Devices (IUDs).. However, the overall absolute increased risk in breast cancers diagnosed among current and recent users of any hormonal contraceptive was 13%, approximately 1 extra breast cancer for every 7690 women using hormonal contraception for 1 ...
By Ramadhani Chambuso. The risk of breast cancer was elevated among women who used hormonal contraceptives than among women who had never used them before, a study suggests, published in December, 2017 on the top journal in human Medicine, New England Journal of Medicine.. The study was done in Denmark, followed up 1.8 million women for 10.9 years who used hormonal birth control methods and only 11,517 cases of breast cancer occurred. Furthermore, when compared with women who have never used any hormonal control pills, the risk of breast cancer increased up to 38% depending on duration of use from less than 1 year to more than 10 years in all forms of hormonal contraception methods such as the pills, injections or hormone releasing-Intra Uterine Devices (IUDs).. However, the overall absolute increased risk in breast cancers diagnosed among current and recent users of any hormonal contraceptive was 13%, approximately 1 extra breast cancer for every 7690 women using hormonal contraception for 1 ...
ABSTRACT: Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of emergency contraception, emphasize the importance of increasing access, and review new methods of emergency contraception and limitations in efficacy in special po... ...
We get a lot of questions from teens who are wondering if they can prevent pregnancy after intercourse, whether the concern is due to a broken condom or from not using any method of contraception in the first place. Regardless of how it happened, there is something that can reduce the risk of pregnancy if used within 120 hours (or with an IUD, eight days) of your risk. That something is Emergency Contraception.
Combe International, the makers of Vagisil, have entered the emergency contraceptive market. Here the companys CEO Keech Combe Shetty explains why the company is giving away $1 million in emergency contraception pills.
This eMedTV resource provides more details on emergency contraception and the abortion pill, including how many doctor visits are required when using mifepristone. Instructions are also given on what to do if you have any questions.
ReachMD is an XM Satelite Radio channel geared toward medical professionals. They discuss a wide variety of topics on their show and have a website where much of the radio content is archived. This podcast is an interview by a primary care physician with Dr. Robert Hatcher (of Contraceptive Technology fame) about emergency contraception. If…
There are 2 types of emergency contraception which can be taken up to 5 days after unprotected sex. Order online with free next day delivery.
Democratic senators have introduced a new bill to raise awareness about emergency contraception and make it available to rape survivors at federally funded hospitals.. The Emergency Contraception Access and Education Act of 2014 was introduced by Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.), with Sens. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) and Cory Booker (D-N.J.) signing on as co-sponsors. The bill would ensure that any hospital receiving Medicare or Medicaid funds provides accurate information and timely access to emergency contraception for survivors of sexual assault, regardless of whether or not they can pay for it. It would also require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to disseminate information on emergency contraception to pharmacists and health care providers.. ...
The morning after pill, emergency contraception cost (price) and effectiveness at the North Highlands Health Center. Trusted health care for nearly 100 years by Planned Parenthood.
Call (585) 279-4890 to get the Plan B or morning after pill emergency contraception, and other affordable and confidential birth control services for teens and adults. Walk-ins are welcome. Free bus passes are available.
Doctors give trusted answers on uses, effects, side-effects, and cautions: Dr. Nwanguma on emergency contraception protect sexually: The two are not related.
I have found that while people are pretty interested in the topic of emergency contraception, theres not a lot of understanding about how it does (or doesnt work). In fact, I continue to be surprised at how many SANE/SAFE trainings out there dont really cover much about EC beyond the type of meds and doses…
Hi there I had an unprotected sex with my bf and get postinor 1 before 24 hours. But after getting that (after 3 hours) again we had sex.
People have been buzzing since the latest FDA decision to allow 17 year old teenagers access to Plan B, also known as the morning after pill. Some are thrilled, some are appalled.
The study authors wanted to know to what extent the risks of cardiovascular events for diabetic women differed with various types of hormonal birth control. Using data from Clinformatics, a health claims database encompassing 15 million commercially-insured people throughout the U.S., they examined information from 2002 to 2011 on reproductive-aged females with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The records of nearly 150,000 women were evaluated for hormonal birth control prescriptions and the occurrence of strokes, heart attacks or blood clots, also known as thromboembolism ...
OnlineClinic.co.uk offers the answers for morning-after-pill frequently asked questions so you can make the informed decision about emergency contraception.
1 Answer - Posted in: plan b, pain, emergency contraception, pregnancy - Answer: Your GF would not be fertile during her period, so she will not ...
The most common form of emergency contraception consists of oestrogen and progestagen while the other consists of progestagen-only...
In addition, only 15% of women aged 18-45 who have been offered or have accessed emergency contraception say they have been offered the copper IUD. FSRH is concerned that these findings demonstrate a lack of awareness amongst women about the most effective form of emergency contraception. The findings also demonstrate a need for more visible guidance for healthcare professionals in this area to ensure that women are offered the copper IUD as the most effective form of emergency contraception.. Today FSRH launches its new Emergency Contraception guideline, which aims to bridge this gap in awareness and knowledge. The guideline gives clear evidence-based information to UK healthcare professionals, nurses, doctors, pharmacists and all those involved in advising and caring for women who wish access emergency contraception.. In line with NICE guidance, recommendations mark a new emphasis on healthcare professionals advising women that the copper IUD, is the most effective method of emergency ...
A campaign to increase knowledge about emergency contraception has been identified as one of the relatively few interventions with the potential to reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy. This study relates variations in use of emergency contraception to population characteristics and identifies indicators which may be used to measure the impact of a campaign. The study is a secondary analysis of routinely collected data and health service indicators. Prescription data is used to compare districts and examine the population based factors which are associated with use of emergency contraception and termination of pregnancy. A stepwise multiple regression includes termination of pregnancy rates as the dependent variable. Uptake of prescriptions for emergency contraception and termination of pregnancy rates within FHSAs show a positive correlation (0.56). High use of both services is present in inner London FHSAs. A low termination rate combined with high emergency contraceptive use is typical of West
To the Editor.-. The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence policy statement on emergency contraception1 reports the effectiveness of the Yuzpe regimen (ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel) in terms of a pregnancy reduction of 70% to 80% and of levonorgestrel-only emergency contraception of 85%. These estimates are outdated. Using current methods for estimating effectiveness, the effectiveness rates seem to be in the range of 50% to 66% and 72% to 80%, respectively.2-5 Because there are no randomized trials with a placebo arm, considerable uncertainty remains about the effectiveness of emergency contraception.3,5. The policy statement also proposes that "[e]mergency contraception has tremendous potential to reduce unintended pregnancy rates in teens and adults." This statement remains, as yet, a hypothesis that is unsupported by empirical evidence. Several studies have failed to document a decrease in rates of unintended pregnancy or abortion in populations that are provided ...
About 1 in 5 pharmacies incorrectly denies teen girls access to emergency contraception (EC), or the morning after pill, according to a new study. Posing as either 17-year-old girls or doctors seeking Plan B emergency contraception for their 17-year-old patients, researchers from Boston Univers...
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine patterns of contraceptive utilization among sexually active HIV-1-seropositive women postpartum and to identify correlates of hormonal contraception uptake. GOAL: The goal of this study was to improve delivery of family planning services to HIV-1-infected women in resource-limited settings. STUDY DESIGN: HIV-1-infected pregnant women were followed prospectively in a perinatal HIV-1 transmission study. Participants were referred to local clinics for contraceptive counseling and management. RESULTS: Among 319 HIV-1-infected women, median time to sexual activity postpartum was 2 months and 231 (72%) women used hormonal contraception for at least 2 months during follow-up, initiating use at approximately 3 months postpartum (range, 1-11 months). Overall, 101 (44%) used DMPA, 71 (31%) oral contraception, and 59 (25%) switched methods during follow-up. Partner notification, infant mortality, and condom use were similar between those using and ...
Of course, youve heard about supportive hose. But - more likely than not - youve probably written it off as a garment for your grandmother. Not so. Today, there are a number of fashion-forward designers creating compression stockings and other supportive clothing that doesnt look like it came from a medical supply store!. Donna Karans Evolution Tights are one example of a compression garment thats designed to hide unsightly veins and provide support for the entire day. If youve been favoring tights over compression garments out of an aversion to the pharmacy supply store "look," do yourself - and your legs - a favor. Pick up something more fashionable and more comfortable this winter. (Get more tips on dressing for varicose veins with supportive clothing.). ...
If youve had unprotected sex, or your birth control method failed, there are still options available. Emergency contraception can prevent unwanted pregnancy.
Question - Had unprotected sex. Can belara tablets be used for emergency contraception?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Belara, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Buy the emergency contraception pill from 121doc with free same or next day delivery. We ship products in plain packaging with no reference to 121doc.
In fact, in a systematic review published in 2007, twenty-three studies published between 1998 and 2006, and analyzed by James Trussells team at Princeton University, measured the effect of increased EC access on EC use, unintended pregnancy, and abortion. Not a single study among the 23 found a reduction in unintended pregnancies or abortions following increased access to emergency contraception (see also fact sheet here ...
While some concerns have been expressed regarding the use of certain contraceptive methods in adolescents (e.g. the use of progestogen-only injectables by those below 18 years), these concerns must be balanced against the advantages of avoiding pregnancy. It is clear that many of the same eligibility criteria that apply to older clients apply to young people. However, some conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disorders) that may limit use of some methods in older women do not generally affect young people since these conditions are rare in this age group. Social and behavioural issues should be important considerations in the choice of contraceptive methods by adolescents ...
Emergency contraceptive pills are becoming more widely available to men and women. Plan B One-Step, a brand of emergency contraception, is now available to all ages in the United States and is sold Two-pill versions of emergency contraception are still sold … Continue reading →. ...
NEW YORK -- Politics, not science, led the FDA to delay approval of the emergency contraceptive Plan B and when the agency finally did okay the morning-after pill, politics dictated the access it allo
The American Academy of Pediatrics, trying to skirt a federal ban on non-prescription sale of emergency contraceptives to girls under 17, says physicians should write scripts in advance. This is good public health. - Michael Yudell, Philadelphia Inquirer
that depends. plan b one-step and generic levonorgestrel work best if you take them within 3 days after sex, but they may work up to 5 days after sex.
Abstract: this paper focuses both the risk and the occurrence of non-planned pregnancy, abortions, as well as the awareness about and the use of emergency contraception among hiv/aids-infected women. a quantitative observational approach was used after a domiciliary survey in santo andre, s?o paulo state, brazil, where it was found that, after receiving the information about the infection, 62.8% adopted the use of male condom, 77.2% using it exclusively, 13% associated with hormone injections, and 9.8% alternated with either interrupted intercourse, fertility schedule or vaginal shower. mechanical flaws by the use of the preservative occurred to 38%. added to flaws associated to the alternation with behavioral methods, they caused together 40% of non-planned pregnancy, which occurred to 24% of the interviewed women, 22% resulting in self-provoked abortions. emergency contraception was known by 51.4%, although only 2.7% had used it. the conclusion is that mechanical or behavioral flaws related ...
Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.
Contraception which can be accessed every day includes termination of pregnancy support, advice on the best birth control for you, condoms and emergency contraception.
Yeah, we meant to say that. Boy do we wish we didnt.. Heres the spiel: its Back Up Your Birth Control Day today, but as you may have heard, or personally experienced, here in the states, were still having a lot of trouble with pharmacists refusing over-the-counter Plan B (emergency contraception, the morning-after-pill, or whatever you like to call it), for a whole bunch of reasons, including because of age, even though most of those asking for or about it are of legal age to get it over-the-counter, and without a prescription. ...
Question: True or False? Using emergency contraception, such as plan B, on a regular basis is a safe and effective means of preventing pregnancy.. ...
Question: True or False? Using emergency contraception, such as plan B, on a regular basis is a safe and effective means of preventing pregnancy.. ...
1 Answer - Posted in: plan b, emergency contraception, sex, period - Answer: You wont recognize your cycle this month. That was just bleeding from ...
Access to emergency contraception has swirled at the center of a recent flurry of debate over insurance coverage. It's a pill women can take if their
Does a popular brand of emergency contraception pill actually cause an abortion? That depends on your worldview. Birth control is in the news again. So is
The Copper T IUD when inserted into the intrauterine cavity within 5 days of unprotected intercourse is greater than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. It is also a permanent form of contraception that is now approved for 12 continuous years of use.. None of the forms of Emergency Contraception mentioned above protect against being exposed or getting a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) including HIV as only condoms are able to do.. Top of page. What is Plan B Emergency Contraceptive?. Plan B Emergency Contraceptive is a progestin-only pill composed of levonorgestrel in a dose of 1.5 milligrams. It was first approved by the FDA in 1999 where it was taken as .75 mg 12 hours apart. It was later found to be just as effective with no difference in side effects or efficiency when taken as a single pill which improves patient compliance. Progestin is one of two hormones found in birth control pills that prevents ovulation (release of eggs from ovary) and causes cervical mucus thickening (prevent ...
Dear Reader,. Theres minimal chance of your girlfriend becoming pregnant from what seems like an understandable curiosity about what condom-less penetration feels like. From what youve written, it sounds like you were pretty careful. However, these "precautionary" measures dont guarantee 100 percent contraceptive effectiveness, as you later realized, even if you were inside her ever so briefly.. If you and your girlfriend are concerned about the possibility of conception, then emergency contraception (EC) is an option. EC needs to be taken within 72 hours (though it may still have some effectiveness up to 120 hours) of condomless sex, sex that occurred when no birth control method was used, or if used, failed. However, the earlier you take it, the more effective it will be at preventing pregnancy. Several vareities of EC, including Plan B One-Step and its generic versions, are available on-the-shelf in the family planning aisles of many pharmacies and drugstores. This means that anyone, ...
A new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health finds that pharmacy staff frequently give teens misleading or incorrect information about emergency contraception that may prevent them from getting the medication.
Emergency Contraception:. Because accidents happen we offer emergency contraception including Ella, Plan B ("the morning after pill"), and the copper IUD. You have up to 5 days after unprotected sex to use emergency contraception.. If you have questions, want more information, or need emergency contraception, please call or come in to one of our clinics today.. For more information about the birth control methods listed here, please click here.. ...
Merki-Feld, G S. Effect of Hormonal Contraception on Factors associated with Endothelial Dysfunction and Novel Parameters of Cardiovascular Risk. 2009, Universityhospital Zurich, Faculty of Medicine. ...
Several available hormonal contraceptives can be used to reduce or eliminate monthly uterine bleeding. The safety and efficacy of these methods make them desirable for women who have medical indications for suppression of menstruation, as well as tho
The Ethiopian Journal of Reproductive Health (EJRH) is the official publication of the Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ESOG). EJRH is a peer reviewed journal providing a vehicle for the publication of high quality original articles, case reports, review articles and commentaries covering the latest advances in reproductive health.. ...
For women who are living with HIV, avoiding pregnancy (or the side effects of severe periods) may not be as easy as popping a birth control pill. As this ...
At this point the average age of a Natural Cycles user is 29-years-old. While the renewal rate after the first years subscription currently stands at 60 per cent.. "Most women are between 25 and 35, theyre in a stable relationship, theyre often thinking about that they want to have children in a few years and they dont want to take hormones anymore," says Berglund. "Most of our users do come from hormonal contraception - and theyre thinking Ill use this method in the mean time to also understand how my body works.". The product can also be used by women to help them try to get pregnant, though she says thats currently a minority of users (circa 25 per cent).. "We often see that after about two years [users] then switch to use the app to get pregnant, and then they get pregnant very quickly because they already know their body and the app knows them as well," she adds.. Another feature gives women an incentive to continue using Natural Cycles for the first three months after they get ...
Does plan b cause flushing - The Plan B pill says it will not harm an already existing pregnancy, but if it caused you to have a heavy period wouldnt it flush the egg out? Not implanted. Emergency contraception will not effect a pregnancy that has already implanted, but it will prevent implantation that has not already occurred.
OTC emergency contraceptive (EC) use is both an ethically and therapeutically charged issue. Ethically, controversy arises over product mechanism of action (MOA) and, therapeutically, around unintended use as routine contraception. In order to help facilitate understanding, pharmacists can review the trials evaluating drug MOA, along with the risks, contraindications, counseling points, and public health implications of emergency contraception.. History and Proposed MOA. Hormonal post-coital contraception was first introduced in the late 1970s by Yuzpe and Lance, who suggested use of 0.1 mg ethinyl estradiol/0.5 mg levonorgestrel within 72 hours of intercourse followed by repeat dosing 12 hours later.1 This was standard post-coital contraception until introduction of the levonorgestrel only method.1 Currently, 1.5 mg levonorgestrel once, or two 0.75 mg levonorgestrel doses separated by 12 hours, have emerged as gold standards- with the former preferred over the latter.. Current research is ...
A new wave in the quiet revolution in contraceptive use in Nepal: the rise of emergency contraception. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Epidemiological evidence on POPs and breast cancer risk is based on much smaller populations of users and so is less conclusive than that for COCPs.. In the largest (1996) reanalysis of previous studies of hormonal contraceptives and breast cancer risk, less than 1% were POP users. Current or recent POP users had a slightly increased relative risk (RR 1.17) of breast cancer diagnosis that just missed being statistically significant. The relative risk was similar to that found for current or recent COCP users (RR 1.16), and, as with COCPs, the increased relative risk decreased over time after stopping, vanished after 10 years, and was consistent with being due to earlier diagnosis or promoting the growth of a preexisting cancer.[3][4]. The most recent (1999) IARC evaluation of progestogen-only hormonal contraceptives reviewed the 1996 reanalysis as well as 4 case-control studies of POP users included in the reanalysis. They concluded that: "Overall, there was no evidence of an increased risk of ...
Studies evaluating the effect of hormonal contraceptives (HC) on HIV disease progression have shown conflicting results. Previous findings have been from ...
Depends on your method of choice; ParaGard is super effective and the pill methods are a bit less effective. Note: When we talk about effectiveness we mean typical use numbers or what happens when couples used this method of birth control prettywell; it accounts for human errors and occasional contraceptive failure. BUT, teenagers are often not as careful as older people in using these methods, so real typical use rates for teens may be a little worse than what you see here. Keep that in mind as youre looking at the options and remember that for birth control to be effective, you have to use it consistently and correctly every single time.. ...
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(Sterilization, Barriers, and Natural Methods) Many women who want to avoid pregnancy prefer not to use hormones. Male and female sterilization operations, vaginal barriers , and the
Contraception Why Not by Dr. Janet E Smith. My topic for tonight is the Churchs teaching on contraception and various sexual issues. As you know, we live in a culture that thinks that contraception is one of the greatest inventions in the history of mankind. If you were to ask people if they wanted to…
Some abortion opponents say emergency contraception pills may block fertilized eggs from implanting, but scientists say there is no evidence the pills work that way.
Free emergency contraception and free advanced IV sedation. Ocala Womens Center in Florida, is an abortion by pill clinic offers the latest, safest and most advanced abortion methods.
An increasing number of apps and websites are offering women a way to get birth control, including emergency contraception, without having to visit a doctor in person.
I . . . had never heard this before. It took me a while just to process what Id read. A womans body naturally expels the vast majority of fertilized eggs? I was faced with a conundrum I had never encountered before: what is conception? Does it really happen when sperm meets egg? How can that be, when up to 80% of all zygotes are naturally aborted? I read the common arguments- that this is just a natural part of the reproductive process. However, I noticed a contradiction I couldnt overcome. In discussions concerning hormonal contraception, what frequently came up was that if the body expels it naturally, its normal and acceptable, but if a woman swallows a pill, its . . . murder? That didnt make any sense to me. If the "intention" of not wanting to become pregnant makes it murder, how is not doing everything within our power to save this fully endowed human life not at least medical neglect? No one seemed to be very bothered by the fact that perhaps 80% of the human population was being ...
Following the birth of your baby, it may take some time before you want to have sex again, or it may take no time at all. Every woman is different and there is no right or wrong way to feel.
Female Contraception - Pipeline Review, H1 2016 Complete Report Details @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/reports/543762-female-contraception-pipeline-revie
Hi guys, Its been 1 year since my partial vestibulectomy and during that time Ive had another surgery to my anterior vestibule glands. Everything was fine u
You use the calendar method of contraception, but still worried about the possibility to get pregnant right after period? Learn about all the opportunities!
Emergency contraception helps prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Emergency contraception isnt meant to be used in place of routine birth control - but its an option if youve had unprotected sex, your method of birth control failed or you missed a birth control pill.. To be effective, emergency contraception must be used as soon as possible after unprotected sex. In the U.S., two types of emergency contraception are available: emergency contraceptive pills and the copper intrauterine device (IUD).. Emergency contraception pills are also known as the morning-after pill. Emergency contraception pills - such as Next Choice One Dose, Plan B One-Step and Ella - can be used up to five days after unprotected sex. However, the pills are more effective the sooner you take them.. Another option is a copper IUD (ParaGard). To prevent pregnancy, the IUD must be inserted within five days after unprotected sex.. ...
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Contraception is an important topic for women, men and healthcare professionals. Several methods of contraception are available. It is important for the pharmacist to have a solid understanding of the subject in order to give appropriate advice. When used correctly, modern contraceptives are highly effective in preventing pregnancy. Most women can safely use hormonal contraceptives. This article focuses on the use of hormonal contraception in women who may not necessarily be young or healthy, provides answers to practical questions that are not frequently asked, and addresses a few common misperceptions about hormonal contraception.
All birth control pills are very similar and work the same way to prevent ovulation. As a new start patient, the first month of hormone needs to be completed in order to rely on it for birth control. Also when starting for the first time, you may experience minor side effects like nausea, breast tenderness or irregular bleeding. These symptoms usually resolve after 3 months of usage; however if they continue please call the office to discuss switching to a different type that may work better for you. Often times, we can discuss this at your follow-up as well.. If you are taking the "minipill" or progesterone only pill keep in mind it needs to be taken the same time everyday within 3 hours. If you miss the 3 hour limit , take it as soon as you remember. If its the next day take 2 pills and finish the pack. In either case, use back-up contraception for 48 hours.. If more than 1 pill is missed stop taking them , discard the pack. Use emergency contraception if you need to. Your period should begin ...
Up to 72 hours after rape, women can receive medication to prevent their pregnancies. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two drugs for emergency contraception: levonorgestrel (Plan B®) and levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol (Preven®). These drugs are similar to birth control pills, but they contain higher dosages of hormones. The first dose of emergency contraception pills can be taken up to 72 after the rape occurs. The second dose is taken 12 hours after the first. These drugs are most effective when taken as soon as possible after intercourse. These drugs are not considered abortive because they work by preventing or delaying the release of an egg (ovulation), thereby preventing the pregnancy from occurring. These drugs may also slow the movement of the egg or sperm in the fallopian tubes, making it harder for an embryo to implant in the uterus. Emergency contraception is available over-the-counter for women ages 18 and older. Victims of rape who are younger than 18 ...
Common commodities such as honey and sodium bicarbonate, acidic fruit juices and oils have been used through history as spermicides. Three Harvard researchers note that Coca-Cola is said to be favoured for this purpose in some developing countries and was touted in Western world folklore as a contraceptive aid in years gone by. No documentation of the soft drinks spermicidal capabilities was found, so Dr. Sharee Umpierre and two colleagues decided to test Coke in some of its various formulations in their lab. They found that Diet Coke was a most effective spermicide and the original formula Coke was also quite effective, five times more so than the reformulated "new" Coke. "Although not recommended for postcoital contraception, partly because sperm can be found in the oviducts within minutes after intercourse, Coca-Cola products do appear to have a spermicidal effect," the researchers found. "Furthermore, our data indicate that at least in the area of spermicidal effect, Classic Coke is it." ...
Product Description Product Description Ulipristal Acetate Effective Emergency Contraception Medicine 126784-99-4 Synonym: EllaOne, Ulipristal ace CAS: 126784-99-4 M.F.: C28H35NO3 M.W.: 433.5824 Appearance: White crystalline powder Usage: contraceptive medicine anabolic powder Storage: Kept Ulipristal acetate in a cool, dry and ventilated place We guarantee good quality products. 100% refunded if parcel is not delivered or poor quality. Aanalysis List Product…
Effect of post-coital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the menstrual cycle. „Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand". 75 (8), s ... The hormonal and peripheral effects of d-norgestrel in postcoital contraception.. „Contraception". 10 (4), s. 411-424, 1974. ... Post-coital administration of levonorgestrel does not interfere with post-fertilization events in the new-world monkey Cebus ... a b Randomised controlled trial of levonorgestrel versus the Yuzpe regimen of combined oral contraceptives for emergency ...
Like all hormonal methods, postcoital high-dose progestin-only oral contraceptive pills do not protect against sexually ... In May 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive to emergency situations such as rape ... In February 1975, the FDA said it had not yet approved DES as a postcoital contraceptive, but would after March 8, 1975 permit ... Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) (sometimes referred to as emergency hormonal contraception, EHC) may contain higher doses ...
... contraceptives, postcoital MeSH D27.505.696.875.360.276.310.235 --- contraceptives, postcoital, hormonal MeSH D27.505.696.875. ... contraceptives, postcoital MeSH D27.505.954.705.360.276.310.235 --- contraceptives, postcoital, hormonal MeSH D27.505.954.705. ... contraceptives, oral, combined MeSH D27.505.696.875.360.276.210.277 --- contraceptives, oral, hormonal MeSH D27.505.696.875. ... contraceptives, oral, combined MeSH D27.505.954.705.360.276.210.277 --- contraceptives, oral, hormonal MeSH D27.505.954.705. ...
... or postcoital hormonal contraceptive. It is a prodrug of norethisterone, with both quingestanol and norethisterone acetate ... "Further experience with quingestanol acetate as a postcoital oral contraceptive". Contraception. 9 (3): 221-5. doi:10.1016/0010 ... Lara Marks (2010). Sexual Chemistry: A History of the Contraceptive Pill. Yale University Press. pp. 73-. ISBN 978-0-300-16791- ... Donde UM, Virkar KD (June 1975). "Biochemical studies with once-a-month contraceptive pill containing quinestrol-quingestanol ...
Hormonal therapy may be indicated for symptomatic erosion. If it becomes troublesome to the patient, it can be treated by ... It may also give rise to post-coital bleeding, as fine blood vessels present within the columnar epithelium are easily ... and in women taking the oral contraceptive pill, which increases the total estrogen level in the body. It also may be a ... While many women are born with cervical ectropion, it can be caused by a number of reasons, such as: Hormonal changes, meaning ...
Burke, AE (October 2011). "The state of hormonal contraception today: benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives: progestin- ... Halpern, V; Raymond, EG; Lopez, LM (Sep 26, 2014). "Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention ... Shulman, LP (October 2011). "The state of hormonal contraception today: benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives: combined ... Jensen, JT (October 2011). "The future of contraception: innovations in contraceptive agents: tomorrow's hormonal contraceptive ...
To discourage off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive, the FDA in 1975 removed DES 25 mg tablets from the market and ... DES was the hormonal treatment of choice for advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women until 1977, when the FDA approved ... In 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive (which had become prevalent at many ... regimen of certain regular combined oral contraceptive pills superseded off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive. In ...
... that was developed as a postcoital contraceptive but was never marketed. It is an androgen ester - specifically, the C17α ... 33-1). This compound was found to interrupt pregnancy in a number of species, but the fact that it has no hormonal activity is ... However, it has also been reported that the drug lacks hormonal activity in bioassays, including androgenic, estrogenic, or ...
Post-coital tristesse (PCT) is a feeling of melancholy and anxiety after sexual intercourse that lasts for up to two hours. ... Irritation from contraceptive creams and foams can also cause dryness, as can fear and anxiety about sex. It is unclear exactly ... The hormonal changes that take place during the menopausal transition have been suggested to affect women's sexual response ... Other hormonal causes of erectile failure include brain tumors, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism or disorders of the adrenal ...
... undertook an investigation into the use of progestogen-only tablets as an Emergency Hormonal Contraceptive (i.e. without any ... "A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... These hormones are administered as a number of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs). Each dose can vary from 2 to 5 pills ... It has been superseded by a progestogen-only hormonal regimen (1.5 mg of levonorgestrel as soon as possible). This treatment ...
Oral contraceptives require some action every day. Other hormonal methods require less frequent action - weekly for the patch, ... "Efficacy and side effects of immediate postcoital levonorgestrel used repeatedly for contraception. United Nations Development ... Many hormonal methods of birth control, and LAM require a moderate level of thoughtfulness. For many hormonal methods, clinic ... Trussell J (2007). "Contraceptive Efficacy". In Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Nelson AL. Contraceptive Technology (19th ed.). New ...
Postcoital bleeding is vaginal bleeding triggered by sexual intercourse. Causes of gynecologic bleeding include: Anovulation is ... Treatment depends on diagnosis and may include hormonal therapy, iv fluids, blood transfusion, and/or a dilation and curettage ... Regular gynecologic examinations, cancer screening, and contraceptive measures go a long way in preventing and forestalling ... Other types of cancer include cervical cancer; bleeding in that case can sometimes be triggered by postcoital bleeding. Cancers ...
... is a progestin that is used in combination with an estrogen in hormonal contraceptives. It has also been used as an emergency ... "A Multicenter Clinical Investigation Employing Ethinyl Estradiol Combined with dl-Norgestrel as Postcoital Contraceptive Agent ... Norgestrel was first introduced, as a contraceptive in combination with ethinylestradiol under the brand name Ovrette in the ... contraceptive in the Yuzpe regimen. Norgestrel, also known as rac-13-ethyl-17α-ethynyl-19-nortestosterone or as rac-13-ethyl-17 ...
Oral contraceptives require some action every day. Other hormonal methods require less frequent action - weekly for the patch, ... "Efficacy and side effects of immediate postcoital levonorgestrel used repeatedly for contraception". Contraception. 61 (5): 303 ... Many hormonal methods of birth control, and LAM require a moderate level of thoughtfulness. For many hormonal methods, clinic ... Trussell, James (2004). "Contraceptive Efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L. Contraceptive ...
As an emergency postcoital contraceptive. *As a means of chemical castration for hypersexuality and paraphilias in men and sex ... Dodds EC (1957). Biochemical contributions to endocrinology; experiments in hormonal research. Stanford: Stanford University ... In 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive (which had become prevalent at many ... regimen of certain regular combined oral contraceptive pills superseded off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive.[92] ...
Some barrier contraceptives protect against STIs. Hormonal contraceptives reduce the risk of developing pelvic inflammatory ... Lippes, J; Malik, T; Tatum, HJ (1976). "The postcoital copper-T". Adv Plan Parent. 11: 24-9. Cheng, L; Gulmezoglu, AM; Piaggio ... "Contraceptive coils (IUDs)". NetDoctor.co.uk. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-07-17. Retrieved 2006-07-05. Mona Lisa N ... "Growth in World Contraceptive Use Stalling; 215 Million Women's Needs Still Unmet". Earth Policy Institute. Archived from the ...
Many unintended pregnancies stem from traditional contraceptive methods or no contraceptive measures. Youth sexual education in ... Sweden also has a high self-reported rate of postcoital pill use. A 2007 anonymous survey of Swedish 18-year-olds showed that ... Intersex persons are often subjected to involuntary "sex normalizing" surgical and hormonal treatments in infancy and childhood ... Even more telling, young women have much easier access to maternal healthcare than they do to contraceptive help, which helps ...
A few studies on animals have shown that such a hormonal effect may be significant and decrease fertility. On the other hand, ... Depo-Provera, Adjudin, and gossypol are examples of substances used as male contraceptives or in chemical castration. Recent ... Presence of antisperm antibodies may be responsible for sperm agglutination, reduced sperm motility, abnormal postcoital test. ...
Causes may be due to abnormal blood clotting, disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods or disorders of the ...
"Recurrence of bacterial vaginosis is significantly associated with posttreatment sexual activities and hormonal contraceptive ... posttreatment partner and inconsistent condom use although estrogen-containing contraceptives decrease recurrence.[41] When ...
Although many of these can be treated through surgery or hormonal substitutions, some may be indefinite.[57] Infertility ... a woman under 35 has not conceived after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse. Twelve months is the lower reference ... See also: Male infertility § Hormonal therapy. Treatment depends on the cause of infertility, but may include counselling, ... a woman over 35 has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free sexual intercourse. ...
Contraceptive dosing for Loestrin Fe (norethindrone acetate/ethinyl estradiol/ferrous fumarate), frequency-based adverse ... Women with other risk factors for VTE in addition to postpartum: Do not use combined hormonal contraceptives ... Tables & Protocols Emergency Postcoital Contraception * 2001 /viewarticle/925375 News News FDA Approves Weekly Contraceptive ... Increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) following delivery with combined hormonal contraceptives; risk declines rapidly ...
Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal. LinkOut - more resources. Medical. *Sexually Transmitted Diseases - MedlinePlus Health ...
Make Hormonal Contraceptives Available OTC, ACOG Says * 20022172292-overview. Tables & Protocols Emergency Postcoital ... "These associations seemed to be driven by oral combination contraceptives, the most commonly used hormonal contraceptives today ... Stroke and MI Risk With Newer Hormonal Contraceptives * Prescriptions for Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors, Non-selective ... The authors emphasize that the absolute risk for childhood leukemia remains low and that the safety of hormonal contraceptives ...
This study of women aged 25-34 suggests that hormonal contraceptives may offer protection against depression and suicide. ... Tables & Protocols Emergency Postcoital Contraception * 2001/viewarticle/925375. News FDA Approves Weekly Contraceptive Patch ... e Hormonal birth control assessed in waves 1 and 2 included oral contraceptives only. Hormonal birth control assessed in wave 3 ... d Included combination hormonal contraceptives in the form of the contraceptive pill, patch, or ring. Women using known ...
Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of pregnancy. An updated version of this systematic ... Hormonal contraception update. Mayo Clinics Procedures 2006;81:949-54.. *Trussell J. Contraceptive failure in the United States ... Subdermal implantable contraceptives versus other forms of reversible contraceptives or other implants as effective methods of ... Subdermal implantable contraceptives versus other forms of reversible contraceptives or other implants as effective methods of ...
Both a hormonal and an intrauterine form are available. Mo ... 0/Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a ... Contraception, Postcoital / methods*. Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal*. Drug Interactions. Female. Health Knowledge, Attitudes, ... Both a hormonal and an intrauterine form are available. Modern hormonal EC, with low side effects, was first proposed by Yuzpe ... Emergency contraception (EC), also known as the morning after pill, or post-coital contraception, is a modality of preventing ...
Contraceptive Knowledge and Access: Experts estimate that nearly 60 percent of all U.S. pregnancies--and 81 percent of pr... ... Trussell J, Stewart F. The effectiveness of postcoital hormonal contraception. Fam Plann Perspect. 1992;24:262-264. ... Previous: Patterns of Contraceptive Use Page 126 Share Cite Suggested Citation:"Basic Requirements: Contraceptive Knowledge and ... Basic Requirements: Contraceptive Knowledge and Access 126-159 * Personal and Interpersonal Determinants of Contraceptive Use ...
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal. Antineoplastic Agents. Contraceptives, Oral, Combined. Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic. ... Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Hormone Antagonists. ... Contraindications for oral contraceptive use, for example but not limited to: presence or history of venous or arterial ... Contraceptives, Oral. Estradiol. Polyestradiol phosphate. Ethinyl Estradiol. Estrogens. Hormones. Hormones, Hormone Substitutes ...
Procedure Background Postpartum tubal sterilization is a permanent contraceptive option for women. This procedure can be ... Emergency Postcoital Contraception * Oral Contraceptive Pill Hormonal Activity * Contraceptive Implant Placement * Womens ... Stroke and MI Risk With Newer Hormonal Contraceptives * Travel health: Keeping Up-to-Date With The Risks of Insect-Borne ... Tubal sterilization remains the most common contraceptive method for women older than age 35 years, although oral contraceptive ...
postcoital synonyms, postcoital pronunciation, postcoital translation, English dictionary definition of postcoital. adj of or ... and the Americas evaluated the likelihood of pregnancy with repeated use of precoital and postcoital hormonal contraception.. Q ... Are oral emergency contraceptives a safe & effective form of long-term birth control? ... Related to postcoital: Postcoital contraception, Postcoital test, postcoital headache. postcoital. (pəʊstˈkəʊɪtəl) adj. of or ...
Emergency Postcoital Contraception * Oral Contraceptive Pill Hormonal Activity * Contraceptive Implant Placement * Womens ...
Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal (1) • Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations. ... Contraceptive Effect (0) see Contraceptive Agents. Contraceptives, Oral (42) • Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in ... Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal (2) • Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations. MeSH ... Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic (3) • Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations. ...
Effect of post-coital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the menstrual cycle. „Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand". 75 (8), s ... The hormonal and peripheral effects of d-norgestrel in postcoital contraception.. „Contraception". 10 (4), s. 411-424, 1974. ... Post-coital administration of levonorgestrel does not interfere with post-fertilization events in the new-world monkey Cebus ... a b Randomised controlled trial of levonorgestrel versus the Yuzpe regimen of combined oral contraceptives for emergency ...
Make Hormonal Contraceptives Available OTC, ACOG Says * 2002 2172292-overview Tables & Protocols ... Tables & Protocols Emergency Postcoital Contraception * 2001 /viewarticle/918725 News News Unsafe Sex: Argentina Crisis ... Jaundice with prior oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, smoking >15 cigarettes/d) and >35 yo, history of migraine w/ aura ... jaundice with prior oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, smoking >15 cigarettes/d) and >35 yo, history of migraine w/ aura ...
Intrauterine contraceptive devices *Physical barrier methods *Chemical barriers / Spermicides *Natural methods *Post- coital ... The gynaecological endocrinology clinic offers clinical services for the diagnosis, treatment and management of hormonal ... You may have infertility if you do not conceive after one year of regular intercourse without the use of contraceptives. It is ...
Considerations in contraceptive trials may include: *In early-phase trials, postcoital testing of safety, fit and acceptability ... We have also conducted ten studies of investigational male hormonal contraceptives. The Health Decisions network includes sites ... Women today can choose from a wide range of effective and safe contraceptives and yet satisfaction with existing methods varies ... This includes oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices and systems, vaginal rings, transdermal patches, injections, gels, ...
Prakash AO, Tewari RK, Mathur R. Non-hormonal post-coital contraceptive action of neem oil in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1988;23(1 ... Contraceptive. Animal data. Spermicidal action of the leaf extract has been demonstrated in mouse, rat, rabbit, monkey, and ... It reportedly has contraceptive, antiulcer, and fungicidal properties, as well as applications relevant to cancer. ... Neem oil as a vaginal contraceptive. Indian J Med Res. 1984;79:131-136.6724648. ...
Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptive Agents. Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic. Contraceptives, Postcoital. Hormone ... Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal. Antineoplastic Agents. Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal. Abortifacient Agents. Reproductive ...
Like all hormonal methods, postcoital high-dose progestin-only oral contraceptive pills do not protect against sexually ... In May 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive to emergency situations such as rape ... In February 1975, the FDA said it had not yet approved DES as a postcoital contraceptive, but would after March 8, 1975 permit ... Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) (sometimes referred to as emergency hormonal contraception, EHC) may contain higher doses ...
Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. Dedicated products, the Yuzpe ... An alternative to the hormonal methods is insertion of the ParaGard T-380A Intrauterine Copper Contraceptive up to five days ... Swahn ML, Westlund P, Johannisson E, Bygdeman M. Effect of post-coital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the ... Although the predominant mode of action of combination hormonal contraceptives is most likely ovulation suppression, this ...
Contraception, Postcoital Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal Women Student Health Services Students South Africa - Free State. ... Contraception, Postcoital Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal Women Student Health Services Students South Africa - Free State. ... Among users of hormonal contraceptives, combined oral contraception was the most commonly used (86.0%), and was regarded as the ... According to 28.2%, post-coital use of hormonal products is not an acceptable method of contraception. Almost 90% (87.3%) ...
Postcoital birth control pills ("morning after pills") may be prescribed in an emergency (e.g., following sexual abuse). ... The politicized claims in the PR industry have convinced people that Plan B is just a "contraceptive", that it is not also an ... The "abortion pill" RU486 also destroys the conceptus by interrupting implantation because of interference with the hormonal ... Consequently, they should not be called contraceptive pills. Conception occurs but the blastocyst does not implant. It would be ...
Hormonal Therapies. Hormonal Contraceptives. EFV. Ethinyl estradiol ↔ Levonorgestrel (metabolite of oral norgestimate) AUC ↓ 83 ... Effectiveness of emergency postcoital contraception may be diminished.. Menopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy. EFV, ETR, NVP. ... See Hormonal Contraceptives for other progestin-NNRTI interactions Monitor menopausal symptoms. The lowest dose of hormonal ... Use alternative or additional contraceptive methods. Unintended pregnancies were observed in women who used EFV and ...
Plan B: Plan B and other hormonal emergency contraceptives do not include frequent urination as a side effect (http://www. ... Html). However, post-coital bladder infections are relatively common and could explain frequent but usually painful urination. ... If not wanting to get pregnant, and if having sex, always have a good contraceptive method, a Plan A, in place. ...Read more ...
Recently post-coital treatment with levonorgestrel (LNG) and the antiprogestin mifepristone has emerged as the most effective ... LNG in a single dose of 1.5mg has become the recommended emergency contraceptive pill. However the mechanism(s) of action of ... Mifepristone middle dose (25-50 mg) was superior to other hormonal regimens. Mifepristone low dose (,25 mg) could be more ... However, it was also found that 1-year post-abortion, more than a third consistently did not use a reliable contraceptive ...
  • Regarding hormonal side-effects or adverse events, no significant differences were found between the three types of implant evaluated. (who.int)
  • contraceptive implant: 2.03107604921755: 6: persistent diarrhea: 2. (nextgenhacks.ml)
  • Clomid can, in fact, reverse its fertility aspect and act as a contraceptive after three months of continual use, regardless of the age or ovarian response of the woman. (wdxcyber.com)
  • By the postcoital test on female cervical mucus, we investigated if male sperm motility parameters, especially progressive motility and immotility, could be ameliorated after female MI vaginal use. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ovaprene releases a locally acting, non-hormonal agent which impedes sperm motility and features a proprietary knitted polymer barrier to physically block sperm from entering the cervical canal. (businesswire.com)
  • New hormonal products offer more effective solutions with fewer side effects. (who.int)
  • A public health policy initiative in British Columbia beginning in December 2000 allowed pharmacists to provide emergency contraceptives (ECs) without a prescription. (cmaj.ca)
  • Daré plans to file an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) for Ovaprene in the first half of 2020 and, pending the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's review and clearance of the IDE, to initiate a pivotal contraceptive effectiveness and safety clinical study of Ovaprene in the second half of 2020. (businesswire.com)