Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
Abnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to MENSTRUATION, usually in females without regular MENSTRUAL CYCLE. The irregular and unpredictable bleeding usually comes from a dysfunctional ENDOMETRIUM.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Chemical compounds that induce menstruation either through direct action on the reproductive organs or through indirect action by relieving another condition of which amenorrhea is a secondary result. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.
A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Contraceptive devices used by males.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
(6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Sexual activities of humans.
Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
17 alpha-Hydroxypregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one. A synthetic steroid hormone with progestational effects.
Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.
Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.
Individuals requesting induced abortions.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
A contraceptive method whereby coitus is purposely interrupted in order to prevent EJACULATION of SEMEN into the VAGINA.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Absence of menstruation.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
An orally active synthetic progestational hormone used often in combinations as an oral contraceptive.

Questionnaire study of use of emergency contraception among teenagers.(1/25)

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Provision of emergency contraception in general practice and confidentiality for the under 16's: results of a postal survey by general practitioners in Avon. (2/25)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the provision of emergency contraception and confidentiality for the under 16's by general practitioners (GPs) in Avon, in order to inform the development of a health promotion intervention in schools in Avon. DESIGN: Confidential postal questionnaire survey. SETTING: All principals in general practice in Avon Health Authority, South West England. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and eighty general practice principals were sent the questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and eighty-six (84%) principals in general practice responded to the questionnaire. Only three (0.6%) GPs did not provide hormonal emergency contraception. Nearly half (232, 47.7%) would fit the intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception. Fitting an IUD was associated with female gender of the GP (OR = 2.34, 95% CI 1.53-3.71), and whether the GP had a family planning qualification (OR = 4.55, 95% CI 2.41-8.60). Three hundred and fifty-two (72%) respondents would provide emergency contraception on a Sunday if requested to do so by a 14-year-old who reported having had unprotected sex the night before. Practice nurses in 26 (5%) of the respondent's practices were available to provide advice and tablets for patients requesting hormonal emergency contraception. However, 74 (21%) respondents employed a family planning trained practice nurse who was not involved in any way in the provision of emergency contraception. Practice nurses remain an under used resource in this area. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that most GPs provide hormonal emergency contraception. Only eight (1.6%) of respondents would need to ask for parental consent prior to providing hormonal emergency contraception to a 14-year old-girl. Young people need to be informed of GPs widespread adherence to current confidentiality guidelines.  (+info)

Emergency hormonal contraception: the community pharmacy perspective. (3/25)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of community pharmacists in the North West of England towards the deregulation of emergency hormonal contraception (EHC) and to examine their support and training needs. DESIGN: Two focus group discussions. SUBJECTS: Fourteen community pharmacists, of whom eight were currently participating in a scheme to supply EHC free of charge through a patient group direction (PGD). RESULTS: A number of themes emerged from the discussions, which appeared to influence participants' views towards the use of EHC and towards deregulation. A number of participants appeared to lack detailed knowledge about the mode of action of EHC and misunderstandings about this, coupled with erroneously held beliefs about the adverse effects of the drug, appeared to influence their attitudes to deregulation. Participants identified risks associated with pharmacy supply of EHC, both to women and to themselves, in the form of litigation. EHC was accorded a special status which seemed to go beyond its pharmacological properties and risk-benefit profile. A key and recurring theme was abuse, an ill-defined concept which appeared to refer to multiple or repeated use. It is interesting to note that none of those participants supplying EHC under a PGD could provide any examples of such abuse from their own experience. CONCLUSIONS: This small-scale study provides useful insights into the attitudes of these pharmacists towards EHC, the impact of increased availability of the drug, and the type of women who they believed would use EHC.  (+info)

Emergency contraception: Who are the users? (4/25)

CONTEXT: Data collected from two community family planning services are used to discuss the characteristics of users of emergency contraception (EC). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of women attending for emergency contraception. DESIGN: A descriptive survey design was used to collect data. Questionnaires were completed over a 4-week period. Data were analysed using SPSS. SETTING: Community family planning services in South West Surrey and Newham, East London. PARTICIPANTS: Consenting women aged 14-44 years attending for emergency contraception (n = 171). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Description of the users, the current episode and contact with contraceptive services were analysed by age. RESULTS: The age range was 14-37 years (mean 20.2 years). A majority were smokers. Of the women, 97.7% attended the clinic within the 72-hour time frame for issuing oral EC, however only 4% came within 12 hours of intercourse; 55% said that they had used contraception. Condom breakage was the commonest reason for failure. Reasons for not using contraception included getting 'carried away' (35%), not having condoms available (22%) and having drunk alcohol (13%). Of the sample 55.6% were previous users of EC. DISCUSSION: The study demonstrates a high incidence of sexual risk taking and need for EC, especially amongst smokers and drinkers. The message that soonest is best still requires promotion. Providers of EC must co-ordinate their services to ensure access within the 12-hour time frame in a local area. CONCLUSION: Health professionals need to ensure that clients have appropriate information about EC and regular contraceptive methods and that user friendly provision is widely available.  (+info)

Use of hormonal emergency contraception at a university health centre over a 6 year period. (5/25)

This was a retrospective review of the use of emergency hormonal contraception at a university-based health centre over a 6 year period. Usage was greater than noted in previous studies. Condom problems, or not using any form of contraception, were the main reasons for requests. Users were significantly more likely to be smokers than the base population.  (+info)

Training and supporting pharmacists to supply progestogen-only emergency contraception. (6/25)

OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the training and support provided to the first cohort of community pharmacists to supply progestogen-only emergency contraception (POEC) under a Patient Group Direction (PGD) in Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham, London. DESIGN: The study comprised (a) a systematic analysis of written and oral data from pharmacists before and during training, and at 5 and 13-14 months after launch; (b) analysis of telephone calls to clinical support and (c) analysis of written pharmacy records. SUBJECTS: A total of 20/22 pharmacists in the first training cohort; 6/23 pharmacists who applied but were not accepted were also followed up. RESULTS: A formal course with role-play was a successful training method, and the course also served as a team-building exercise. Subsequent interviews demonstrated that pharmacists had understood the concept of client confidentiality and gained confidence over time in the use of the PGD. The on-call consultants received 152 calls in the first 12 months of the scheme. Over 80% of the calls concerned clinical criteria (notably including 22% that were queries about oral contraceptives). Frequency ranged from one to eight calls per week with 28% made at weekends. In over half (60%) of the calls the pharmacist was subsequently able to make a supply. Queries over client management resulted in several changes in the protocol. The primary expressed concern for all pharmacists at all time points was how clients might 'misuse' or 'abuse' the service, and this remained a concern despite the fact that it also applies to other routes of supply of POEC. However, the PGD cohort was more positive on local benefits than pharmacists who were not selected. CONCLUSIONS: Training and support have enabled this often-underused group of professionals to participate in an extended reproductive health service. Mobile phones are an essential support tool.  (+info)

Emergency contraception: lessons learned from the UK. (7/25)

CONTEXT: Since January 2001, women aged over 16 years in the UK have been able to purchase progestogen-only emergency hormonal contraception from pharmacists without prescription. This paper outlines the context in which these changes took place, including contraceptive choices in the UK, changes within the pharmacy profession and political pressures. OBSERVATIONS: We chart the multisectoral developments required to make emergency contraception (EC) available without prescription in the UK, from clinical research findings and results on the views and behaviour of health care professionals and users of EC, through to professional and policy developments, including challenges during and after this process. DISCUSSION: Lessons learnt from the innovative experience of the deregulation of EC in the UK apply to other regions currently considering similar change. We extrapolate internationally applicable lessons including the importance of stakeholder partnership, transparency and cautious pace of change, and the vital role of professional groups. CONCLUSION: Although this change brought a new element of reproductive choice to some women, significant barriers to access to EC still remain for young women and women unable to afford the high price ( 24/euro;37/$39) of pharmacy purchase in the UK.  (+info)

A national study examining the effect of making emergency hormonal contraception available without prescription. (8/25)

BACKGROUND: In January 2001, emergency hormonal contraception was made available for women over the age of 16 years directly from a pharmacist without prescription. It is of interest whether this change in the UK has led to any improvements or deterioration in the service provided for the women who need it. METHODS: Self- completed, anonymous questionnaires were distributed to women requesting emergency hormonal contraception through a single group of pharmacies located throughout England, Wales and Scotland. RESULTS: A total 419 women returned completed questionnaires. A greater proportion of women were able to take emergency contraception within 24 h when they obtained their tablets directly from a pharmacy without a prescription (64% versus 46%, P = 0.029). Women who obtained their drugs directly from the pharmacist were just as well informed, just as likely to arrange regular follow-up and generally preferred this system, although they disliked having to pay. CONCLUSION: Making emergency hormonal contraception available without prescription has improved services to women who need them, but these improvements are quantitatively minimal, preventing only five additional pregnancies per 10,000 users.  (+info)

The use of hormonal contraceptive pills in women with HIV is complex due to potential interactions between these agents and HIV medications. HIV-infected women taking efavirenz have an even greater need for effective birth control as this medication may cause severe brain damage to a developing fetus. The use of an emergency contraceptive agent in cases of unprotected sex or condom failure can prevent pregnancy. This study seeks to establish that Plan B can be used effectively and safely in women taking efavirenz ...
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McGuire, Alistair (1995) The provision of health care. In: Alban, Anita and Christensen, Terkel, (eds.) The Nordic Lights: New Initiatives in Health Care Systems. Odense University Press, Odense, Denmark, pp. 31-45. ISBN 8778381444 McGuire, Alistair, Fenn, Paul, Phillips, V., Backhouse, Martin and Jones, D. (1995) The analysis of censored treatment cost data in economic evaluation. Medical Care, 33 (8). pp. 851-863. ISSN 0025-7079 McGuire, Alistair, Gray, Alastair and Fenn, Paul (1995) The cost of Type I diabetes mellitus in England and Wales. Diabetic Medicine, 4. pp. 13-16. ISSN 0742-3071 McGuire, Alistair and Hughes, David (1995) Patient charges and the utilisation of NHS prescription medicines: some estimates using the cointegration procedure. Health Economics, 4 (3). pp. 213-220. ISSN 1057-9230 McGuire, Alistair and Hughes, David (1995) The cost-effectiveness of emergency contraception. In: Paintin, David, (ed.) The Provision of Emergency Hormonal Contraception. Published for the Royal ...
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The Governor of Wisconsin seems to understand what the result is when you start making emergency cuts and instituting austerity measures.
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Typically, says researcher and professor Robert Schweitzer, the conclusion of sex should bring pleasant feelings or positive feelings along with a state of calmness. For the women with postcoital dysphoria, however, feelings were the opposite - anxious, irritable or sad. Some women who said they felt sad or blue after sex said the negative feelings werent related to feeling unloved or the act itself. The feelings seemed to be relatively unknown in origin, but its an area thats gaining research interest, says an article from ScienceDaily.. Some speculate postcoital dysphoria is linked with feelings of guilt or shame associated with a history of sexual trauma or abuse. These feelings can lead to a woman wanting to refrain from sex all together. However, Schweitzers research hasnt found a significant relationship yet between a woman having a history of sexual violence or abuse and her experiences with postcoital dysphoria.. Further research will explore other possible causes for postcoital ...
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FERNIE - Hundreds gathered around a bonfire at Fernie Secondary School last Sunday (November 12) to remember and pay tribute to the three men who lost their lives in a tragic workplace accident last month. Wayne Hornquist, 59, Lloyd Smith, 52, and Jason Podloski, 46, died Oct. 17 while making emergency repairs to the refrigeration plant at the Fernie Memorial Arena. Hornquist and Smith were both City of Fernie employees and CUPE members, and Podloski was a CIMCO Refrigeration employee.. Sundays memorial was a beautiful tribute to three men who were taken too soon, says CUPE BC Secretary-Treasurer Trevor Davies. Seeing how the community has pulled together to support one another is incredible. Our thoughts continue to be with the community of Fernie and everyone affected by this tragedy during this difficult time.. All three men were described by family and friends as compassionate and caring individuals who were deeply committed to their communities and families.. Fernie Councillor Joe ...
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Bleeding after intercourse, also referred to as postcoital bleeding, describes vaginal bleeding or spotting experienced during or after sex which is not related to your menstrual period.
Correspondence about the use of DES for postcoital contraception, Eugene F Diamond M.D., Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University, 1985
Results of experience with a low-oestrogen combined contraceptive in 1,085 women showed that a dosage of less than 50 μg is compatible with satisfactory cycle control and efficacy. The preparation used in the trial, which contained 0·5 mg dl-norgestrel and 0·03 mg ethinyloestradiol, proved acceptable to most of the women.. ...
Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. Dedicated products, the Yuzpe regimen (Preven) and levonorgestrel (Plan B), were marketed in the United States after 1998 but had been available in Europe for years before that. A third approved method of emergency contraception is the insertion of an intrauterine device. Emergency contraception is about 75 to 85 percent effective. It is most effective when initiated within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. The mechanism of action may vary, depending on the day of the menstrual cycle on which treatment is started. Despite the large number of women who have received emergency contraception, there have been no reports of major adverse outcomes. If a woman becomes
A 25-year-old Para 1321 female from North India presented to emergency room with sudden bout of heavy postcoital bleed associated with suprapubic cramping since the last 4 h. In her obstetric history, she had four-term vaginal deliveries and two complete abortions. There was no similar history of either postcoital bleeding or excessive bleeding following childbirth or abortion in the past. Her menstrual history was unremarkable. There was no family history of such bleeding or any bleeding disorders. She was hemodynamically stable at admission. On pelvic examination, uterus was normal in size, shape, and was non tender. After history and examination, test for urine and serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) was carried out which were negative. Transabdominal ultrasonography (USG) showed bulky uterus with cystic areas within it [Figure 1]. Color Doppler imaging demonstrated multiple tortuous vascular channels and spaces in intramyometrial and in bilateral parametrial region with flow in both ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comorbidity profiles among women with postcoital bleeding. T2 - a nationwide health insurance database. AU - Liu, Hsin Li. AU - Chen, Chuan Mei. AU - Pai, Lee Wen. AU - Hwu, Yueh Juen. AU - Lee, Horng Mo. AU - Chung, Yueh Chin. PY - 2017/4/1. Y1 - 2017/4/1. N2 - Purpose: Most of the existing studies on postcoital bleeding (PCB) in Western countries. To date, no study has focused on the various PCB-related comorbidities in Taiwan women. This work aims to analyze and compare the presence or absence of PCB among Taiwanese women with gynecological comorbidity. Methods: This study is a population-based retrospective cohort investigation. Outpatients with PCB after the index date were considered. A total of 2377 female patients with PCB (ICD-9 626.7) were identified using a nationwide outpatient sample from 2001 to 2010. For comparison, 7131 cases were randomly matched with the study group in terms of gender and age. Results: The PCB incidence rate was 39-59 cases/100,000 Taiwanese ...
Hormonal contraception (HC) is used widely -- an estimated 14 million women in sub-Saharan Africa use either injectable or oral hormonal contraception -- ...
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South African-Canadian singer-songwriter Zaki Ibrahim takes listeners into the stratosphere with her new EP ORBIT: A Postcoital Prequel.. ORBIT was released yesterday (Nov. 14th), which also marked the closest the moon has been to the earth in 70 years, as well as the kick off to the South African Summer. During this Supermoon, we are being urged to look upward, to something bigger than (but not unlike) ourselves. The project is a spiral body of music that tells a love story of twin stars. The EP was inspired by the key-stone song Binary from her full-length record.. The story manifested from a writing collaboration between Zaki and Heather Thompson (aka Lady Venom) and a bank of beat compositions from Maramza in South Africa. The collaboration subsequently occurred on two continents, as Casey MQ, another beat maker, composer & writer from Brampton, Canada was pulled into the fold.. This sci-fi soul science exhibit and EP is a lead up to the Spring 2017 release of Zakis second full-length ...
Free Online Library: Advances in hormonal contraception: over time, methods have become safer, more acceptable, easier to use, and more diverse. by Network; Health, general Family and marriage Contraceptives Product development Research Hormones Usage Pharmaceutical research Evaluation
Participants will be randomized to 1 of 12 groups: (dosing regimen: BAT24, precoital, postcoital or daily) x (sample collection time-point: 4, 12 or 72 hrs after the last act of study-related sex). 30 women will be assigned to each the BAT24 and daily dosing regimens; 15 will be assigned to each the pre- and postcoital dosing regimens. Those assigned to the BAT24 or a pericoital regimen will have study-related sex twice weekly for 2 weeks. Those assigned to the daily regimen will use the gel at about the same time each day for 2 weeks and to have sex at least twice each week ...
If men are from Mars and women are from Venus, then it shouldnt be surprising that their neural circuits differ. In research published today in the journal Current Biology, researchers have used dramatic changes in the behaviour of the female fruit fly after sex to help map these often very different circuits.
The Combined Pill contains a combination of synthetic versions of oestrogen and progestogen which together provide almost 100% protection against pregnancy.
Depressive disorders afflict almost 10 percent of the United States population, but the incidence of depression among women is about twice that of men. Now ...
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Spotting before and after the periods can be due to several reasons. Spotting happens from either the upper reproductive tract or the lower reproductive tract. Major causes responsible for pre-menstrual and post menstrual spotting include ovulation, vaginal infections, hormonal contraception, PCOS and pregnancy.
... was used as an oral, once-a-month, or postcoital hormonal contraceptive. Quingestanol acetate is a ... "Further experience with quingestanol acetate as a postcoital oral contraceptive". Contraception. 9 (3): 221-5. doi:10.1016/0010 ... It has weak androgenic and estrogenic activity and no other important hormonal activity. The medication is a prodrug of ... Lara Marks (2010). Sexual Chemistry: A History of the Contraceptive Pill. Yale University Press. pp. 73-. ISBN 978-0-300-16791- ...
Like all hormonal methods, postcoital high-dose progestin-only oral contraceptive pills do not protect against sexually ... In May 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive to emergency situations such as rape ... In February 1975, the FDA said it had not yet approved DES as a postcoital contraceptive, but would after March 8, 1975 permit ... To discourage off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive, in February 1975 the FDA ordered DES 25 mg (and higher) ...
Effect of post-coital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the menstrual cycle. „Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand". 75 (8), s ... The hormonal and peripheral effects of d-norgestrel in postcoital contraception.. „Contraception". 10 (4), s. 411-424, 1974. ... Post-coital administration of levonorgestrel does not interfere with post-fertilization events in the new-world monkey Cebus ... a b Randomised controlled trial of levonorgestrel versus the Yuzpe regimen of combined oral contraceptives for emergency ...
Postcoital bleeding is bleeding that occurs after sexual intercourse. The treatment will be directed at the cause. Hormonal ... The risk of breakthrough bleeding with oral contraceptives is greater if pills are missed. The Not Classified category of the ... Generally, it is either part of a normal menstrual cycle or is caused by hormonal or other problems of the reproductive system ... It could result from local causes or from hormonal factors. In children, it may be challenging to determine the source of ...
... contraceptives, postcoital MeSH D27.505.696.875.360.276.310.235 - contraceptives, postcoital, hormonal MeSH D27.505.696.875. ... contraceptives, postcoital MeSH D27.505.954.705.360.276.310.235 - contraceptives, postcoital, hormonal MeSH D27.505.954.705. ... contraceptives, oral, combined MeSH D27.505.696.875.360.276.210.277 - contraceptives, oral, hormonal MeSH D27.505.696.875. ... contraceptives, oral, combined MeSH D27.505.954.705.360.276.210.277 - contraceptives, oral, hormonal MeSH D27.505.954.705. ...
The medication has also been investigated as an emergency post-coital contraceptive. The medication is contraindicated in ... Due to its antigonadotropic effects and ability to inhibit ovulation, gestrinone has been studied as a method of hormonal birth ...
Hormonal therapy may be indicated for symptomatic erosion. If it becomes troublesome to the patient, it can be treated by ... and in women taking oral contraceptive, which increases the total estrogen level in the body. It also may be a congenital ... It may also give rise to post-coital bleeding, as fine blood vessels present within the columnar epithelium are easily ... While many women are born with cervical ectropion, it can be caused by a number of reasons, such as: Hormonal changes, meaning ...
The term breakthrough bleeding or breakthrough spotting is usually used for women using hormonal contraceptives, such as IUDs ... Menometrorrhagia Istihadha Menstruation Menstruation in Islam Postcoital bleeding Vaginal bleeding Withdrawal bleeding Culture ... It may also occur with other hormonal contraceptives. Sometimes, breakthrough bleeding is classified as abnormal and thereby as ... If spotting continues beyond the first 3-4 cycles of oral contraceptive use, a woman should have her prescription adjusted to a ...
Post-coital tristesse (PCT) is a feeling of melancholy and anxiety after sexual intercourse that lasts for up to two hours. ... Irritation from contraceptive creams and foams can also cause dryness, as can fear and anxiety about sex. It is unclear exactly ... The hormonal changes that take place during the menopausal transition have been suggested to affect women's sexual response ... Other hormonal causes of erectile failure include brain tumors, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism or disorders of the adrenal ...
... that was developed as a postcoital contraceptive but was never marketed. It is an androgen ester - specifically, the C17α ... 33-1). This compound was found to interrupt pregnancy in a number of species, but the fact that it has no hormonal activity is ... However, it has also been reported that the drug lacks hormonal activity in bioassays, including androgenic, estrogenic, or ...
To discourage off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive, the FDA in 1975 removed DES 25 mg tablets from the market and ... DES was the hormonal treatment of choice for advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women until 1977, when the FDA approved ... In 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive (which had become prevalent at many ... regimen of certain regular combined oral contraceptive pills superseded off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive. In ...
NETA is used as a hormonal contraceptive in combination with estrogen, in the treatment of gynecological disorders such as ... "Comparative cross-over pharmacokinetic study on two types of postcoital contraceptive tablets containing levonorgestrel". ... NETA has been studied for use as a potential male hormonal contraceptive in combination with testosterone in men. ... Hormonal Contraception and Post-menopausal Hormonal Therapy (PDF). IARC. p. 65. ISBN 978-92-832-1272-0. Lay summary. "[email protected] ...
Oral contraceptives require some action every day. Other hormonal methods require less frequent action - weekly for the patch, ... "Efficacy and side effects of immediate postcoital levonorgestrel used repeatedly for contraception. United Nations Development ... Many hormonal methods of birth control, and LAM require a moderate level of thoughtfulness. For many hormonal methods, clinic ... Trussell J (2007). "Contraceptive Efficacy". In Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Nelson AL (eds.). Contraceptive Technology (19th ed.). ...
... undertook an investigation into the use of progestogen-only tablets as an Emergency Hormonal Contraceptive (i.e. without any ... "A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... 1]Yuzpe AA, Thurlow HJ, Ramzy I, Leyshon JI (August 1974). "Post coital contraception-A pilot study". J Reprod Med. 13 (2): 53- ... Typically, the Yuzpe regimen uses several doses of combined oral contraceptive pills. It may be preferred in locations where ...
Rubio B, Berman E, Larranaga A, Guiloff E (1970). "A new postcoital oral contraceptive". Contraception. 1 (5): 303-314. doi: ... Leung VW, Levine M, Soon JA (February 2010). "Mechanisms of action of hormonal emergency contraceptives". Pharmacotherapy. 30 ( ... These formulations are used as emergency contraceptives, normal contraceptives, or in menopausal hormone therapy for the ... Levonorgestrel is currently the most androgenic progestin that remains used in contraceptives, and contraceptives containing ...
Some barrier contraceptives protect against STIs. Hormonal contraceptives reduce the risk of developing pelvic inflammatory ... Lippes, J; Malik, T; Tatum, HJ (1976). "The postcoital copper-T". Adv Plan Parent. 11 (1): 24-9. PMID 976578. Cheng, L; ... It is recommended for people who don't tolerate or hardly tolerate hormonal contraceptives. If a woman becomes pregnant with an ... "Contraceptive coils (IUDs)". NetDoctor.co.uk. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-07-17. Retrieved 2006-07-05. Mona Lisa N ...
Oral contraceptives require some action every day. Other hormonal methods require less frequent action - weekly for the patch, ... "Efficacy and side effects of immediate postcoital levonorgestrel used repeatedly for contraception". Contraception. 61 (5): 303 ... Many hormonal methods of birth control, and LAM require a moderate level of thoughtfulness. For many hormonal methods, clinic ... Trussell, James (2004). "Contraceptive Efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L. Contraceptive ...
As an emergency postcoital contraceptive. *As a means of chemical castration for hypersexuality and paraphilias in men and sex ... Seftel AD, Spirnak JP, Resnick MI (1989). "Hormonal therapy for advanced prostatic carcinoma". J Surg Oncol Suppl. 1: 14-20. ... In 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive (which had become prevalent at many ... regimen of certain regular combined oral contraceptive pills superseded off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive.[111 ...
Halpern, Vera; Raymond, Elizabeth G; Lopez, Laureen M (2014). "Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for ... Other associations were noted such as the presence of leukoplakia of the cervix, an intrauterine contraceptive device, cervical ... Postcoital bleeding has been most studied in women in the US. In a large Taiwanese study, the overall incidence of postcoital ... Those with postcoital bleeding had a higher risk of cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer. Benign causes of postcoital ...
"A Multicenter Clinical Investigation Employing Ethinyl Estradiol Combined with dl-Norgestrel as Postcoital Contraceptive Agent ... As such, norgestrel is identical in its hormonal activity to levonorgestrel except that it is half as potent by weight. ... It has also been used as an emergency contraceptive in the Yuzpe regimen. Norgestrel is a progestogen, or an agonist of the ... It has weak androgenic activity and no other important hormonal activity. Norgestrel was patented in 1961 and came into medical ...
Many unintended pregnancies stem from traditional contraceptive methods or no contraceptive measures. Youth sexual education in ... Sweden also has a high self-reported rate of postcoital pill use. A 2007 anonymous survey of Swedish 18-year-olds showed that ... Intersex persons are often subjected to involuntary "sex normalizing" surgical and hormonal treatments in infancy and childhood ... "Fact Sheet: Contraceptive Use in the United States". Guttmacher Institute. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 24 April 2013. Doan, Alesha ...
Shulman LP (October 2011). "The state of hormonal contraception today: benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives: combined ... Halpern V, Raymond EG, Lopez LM (September 2014). "Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of ... Burke AE (October 2011). "The state of hormonal contraception today: benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives: progestin- ... Jensen JT (October 2011). "The future of contraception: innovations in contraceptive agents: tomorrow's hormonal contraceptive ...
A few studies on animals have shown that such a hormonal effect may be significant and decrease fertility. On the other hand, ... Depo-Provera, Adjudin, and gossypol are examples of substances used as male contraceptives or in chemical castration. Recent ... Presence of antisperm antibodies may be responsible for sperm agglutination, reduced sperm motility, abnormal postcoital test. ...
... hormonal contraception or sterilization. The effectiveness of the various contraceptive methods in avoiding pregnancy varies ... especially in the postcoital period. From a biochemical perspective, sex causes the release of endorphins and increases levels ... The development of the contraceptive pill and other highly effective forms of contraception in the mid- and late 20th century ...
... natural estradiol itself is also used in some hormonal contraceptives, including in estradiol-containing oral contraceptives ... "Comparative cross-over pharmacokinetic study on two types of postcoital contraceptive tablets containing levonorgestrel". ... Hormonal contraceptives contain a progestin and/or estrogen and prevent ovulation and thus the possibility of pregnancy by ... Fruzzetti F, Cagnacci A (2018). "Venous thrombosis and hormonal contraception: what's new with estradiol-based hormonal ...
VCF Vaginal Contraceptive Film VCF Vaginal Contraceptive Gel VCF Contraceptive Foam Conceptrol Crinone Encare Endometrin First- ... While the authors of the Krest Bitter Lemon study suggested its use as a postcoital douche, this is unlikely to be effective, ... the First and Only Non-Hormonal Prescription Gel for the Prevention of Pregnancy". Evofem Biosciences (Press release). 22 May ... Personal lubricant Contraceptive sponge Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, ...
"A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... where hormonal release, due to fear or anger, could produce reflex ovulation". Smith also cites veterinary scientist Wolfgang ... Protocol for gaining a history of the use of contraceptives, as a woman's use of birth control pills or other contraceptives ... Arkansas state senator Fay Boozman lost a campaign for a US Senate seat after remarking that fear-induced hormonal changes made ...
Fibroids may respond to hormonal treatment, and if they do not, then surgical removal may be required. Concerning hormonal ... Usually, oral combined contraceptive or progesterone only pills may be taken for a few months, but for longer-term treatment ... In particular, an oral contraceptive containing estradiol valerate and dienogest may be more effective than tranexamic acid, ... This may be combined with hormonal medication previously mentioned.[20] ...
Causes may be due to abnormal blood clotting, disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods or disorders of the ...
"Recurrence of bacterial vaginosis is significantly associated with posttreatment sexual activities and hormonal contraceptive ... posttreatment partner and inconsistent condom use although estrogen-containing contraceptives decrease recurrence.[41] When ...
Although many of these can be treated through surgery or hormonal substitutions, some may be indefinite.[57] Infertility ... a woman under 35 has not conceived after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse. Twelve months is the lower reference ... See also: Male infertility § Hormonal therapy. Treatment depends on the cause of infertility, but may include counselling, ... a woman over 35 has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free sexual intercourse. ...
Providing benchmark rates for assessment of post-coital contraceptives". Contraception. 63 (4): 211-15. doi:10.1016/S0010-7824( ... research is that ancestral women would have evolved mechanisms to select mates with certain traits depending on their hormonal ...
Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal. LinkOut - more resources. Medical. *Sexually Transmitted Diseases - MedlinePlus Health ...
Hormonal contraceptives can be beneficial for some dermatologic conditions, while detrimental to others. Review their use in a ... Table 3. Effect of hormonal contraceptives on hair loss Contraceptive. Conclusions. Combined oral contraceptive. Improves AGA ( ... Table 1. Effect of hormonal contraceptives on acne Contraceptive. Conclusions. Combined oral contraceptive. Improves acne ( ... Table 4. Effect of hormonal contraceptives on rosacea Contraceptive. Conclusions. Combined oral contraceptive. Unclear effect ...
Make Hormonal Contraceptives Available OTC, ACOG Says * 20022172292-overview. Tables & Protocols Emergency Postcoital ... "These associations seemed to be driven by oral combination contraceptives, the most commonly used hormonal contraceptives today ... Stroke and MI Risk With Newer Hormonal Contraceptives * Prescriptions for Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors, Non-selective ... The authors emphasize that the absolute risk for childhood leukemia remains low and that the safety of hormonal contraceptives ...
Hormonal emergency contraceptives have been used to prevent unwanted pregnancy for more than 3 decades. The mechanisms of ... Contraceptive Agents, Female / pharmacology* * Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal / pharmacology* * Contraceptives, Postcoital / ... Mechanisms of action of hormonal emergency contraceptives Pharmacotherapy. 2010 Feb;30(2):158-68. doi: 10.1592/phco.30.2.158. ... Hormonal emergency contraceptives have been used to prevent unwanted pregnancy for more than 3 decades. The mechanisms of ...
Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of pregnancy. An updated version of this systematic ... Hormonal contraception update. Mayo Clinics Procedures 2006;81:949-54.. *Trussell J. Contraceptive failure in the United States ... Subdermal implantable contraceptives versus other forms of reversible contraceptives or other implants as effective methods of ... Subdermal implantable contraceptives versus other forms of reversible contraceptives or other implants as effective methods of ...
Both a hormonal and an intrauterine form are available. Mo ... 0/Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a ... Contraception, Postcoital / methods*. Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal*. Drug Interactions. Female. Health Knowledge, Attitudes, ... Both a hormonal and an intrauterine form are available. Modern hormonal EC, with low side effects, was first proposed by Yuzpe ... Emergency contraception (EC), also known as the morning after pill, or post-coital contraception, is a modality of preventing ...
postcoital synonyms, postcoital pronunciation, postcoital translation, English dictionary definition of postcoital. adj of or ... Clinical Pharmacology of Hormonal Emergency Contraceptive Pills. A systematic review of 22 trials (13 case series, 8 ... Related to postcoital: Postcoital contraception, Postcoital test, postcoital headache. postcoital. (pəʊstˈkəʊɪtəl) adj. of or ... Postcoital - definition of postcoital by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/postcoital ...
Contraceptive Knowledge and Access: Experts estimate that nearly 60 percent of all U.S. pregnancies--and 81 percent of pr... ... Trussell J, Stewart F. The effectiveness of postcoital hormonal contraception. Fam Plann Perspect. 1992;24:262-264. ... Previous: Patterns of Contraceptive Use Page 126 Share Cite Suggested Citation:"Basic Requirements: Contraceptive Knowledge and ... Basic Requirements: Contraceptive Knowledge and Access 126-159 * Personal and Interpersonal Determinants of Contraceptive Use ...
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal. Antineoplastic Agents. Contraceptives, Oral, Combined. Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic. ... Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Hormone Antagonists. ... Contraindications for oral contraceptive use, for example but not limited to: presence or history of venous or arterial ... Contraceptives, Oral. Estradiol. Polyestradiol phosphate. Ethinyl Estradiol. Estrogens. Hormones. Hormones, Hormone Substitutes ...
Quingestanol acetate was used as an oral, once-a-month, or postcoital hormonal contraceptive. Quingestanol acetate is a ... "Further experience with quingestanol acetate as a postcoital oral contraceptive". Contraception. 9 (3): 221-5. doi:10.1016/0010 ... It has weak androgenic and estrogenic activity and no other important hormonal activity. The medication is a prodrug of ... Lara Marks (2010). Sexual Chemistry: A History of the Contraceptive Pill. Yale University Press. pp. 73-. ISBN 978-0-300-16791- ...
Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal (1) • Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations. ... Contraceptive Effect (0) see Contraceptive Agents. Contraceptives, Oral (42) • Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in ... Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal (2) • Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations. MeSH ... Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic (3) • Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations. ...
Make Hormonal Contraceptives Available OTC, ACOG Says * 2002 2172292-overview Tables & Protocols ... Tables & Protocols Emergency Postcoital Contraception * 2001 /viewarticle/918725 News News Unsafe Sex: Argentina Crisis ... Jaundice with prior oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, smoking >15 cigarettes/d) and >35 yo, history of migraine w/ aura ... jaundice with prior oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, smoking >15 cigarettes/d) and >35 yo, history of migraine w/ aura ...
Emergency Postcoital Contraception * Oral Contraceptive Pill Hormonal Activity * Contraceptive Implant Placement * Womens ...
Emergency Postcoital Contraception * Oral Contraceptive Pill Hormonal Activity * Contraceptive Implant Placement * Womens ... Rivera R, Yacobson I, Grimes D. The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive devices. Am J ... 51] The copper T380A IUD is more effective for emergency contraception than hormonal emergency contraceptive pills. [5] The ... Trussell J. Contraceptive failure in the United States. Contraception. 2011 May. 83(5):397-404. [Medline]. ...
Considerations in contraceptive trials may include: *In early-phase trials, postcoital testing of safety, fit and acceptability ... We have also conducted ten studies of investigational male hormonal contraceptives. The Health Decisions network includes sites ... Women today can choose from a wide range of effective and safe contraceptives and yet satisfaction with existing methods varies ... This includes oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices and systems, vaginal rings, transdermal patches, injections, gels, ...
Prakash AO, Tewari RK, Mathur R. Non-hormonal post-coital contraceptive action of neem oil in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1988;23(1 ... Contraceptive. Animal data. Spermicidal action of the leaf extract has been demonstrated in mouse, rat, rabbit, monkey, and ... It reportedly has contraceptive, antiulcer, and fungicidal properties, as well as applications relevant to cancer. ... Neem oil as a vaginal contraceptive. Indian J Med Res. 1984;79:131-136.6724648. ...
Like all hormonal methods, postcoital high-dose progestin-only oral contraceptive pills do not protect against sexually ... In May 1973, in an attempt to restrict off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive to emergency situations such as rape ... In February 1975, the FDA said it had not yet approved DES as a postcoital contraceptive, but would after March 8, 1975 permit ... To discourage off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive, in February 1975 the FDA ordered DES 25 mg (and higher) ...
Effect of post-coital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the menstrual cycle. „Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand". 75 (8), s ... The hormonal and peripheral effects of d-norgestrel in postcoital contraception.. „Contraception". 10 (4), s. 411-424, 1974. ... Post-coital administration of levonorgestrel does not interfere with post-fertilization events in the new-world monkey Cebus ... a b Randomised controlled trial of levonorgestrel versus the Yuzpe regimen of combined oral contraceptives for emergency ...
Intrauterine contraceptive devices *Physical barrier methods *Chemical barriers / Spermicides *Natural methods *Post- coital ... The gynaecological endocrinology clinic offers clinical services for the diagnosis, treatment and management of hormonal ... You may have infertility if you do not conceive after one year of regular intercourse without the use of contraceptives. It is ...
Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptive Agents. Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic. Contraceptives, Postcoital. Hormone ... Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal. Antineoplastic Agents. Abortifacient Agents, Steroidal. Abortifacient Agents. Reproductive ...
Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. Dedicated products, the Yuzpe ... An alternative to the hormonal methods is insertion of the ParaGard T-380A Intrauterine Copper Contraceptive up to five days ... Swahn ML, Westlund P, Johannisson E, Bygdeman M. Effect of post-coital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the ... Although the predominant mode of action of combination hormonal contraceptives is most likely ovulation suppression, this ...
Plan B: Plan B and other hormonal emergency contraceptives do not include frequent urination as a side effect (http://www. ... Html). However, post-coital bladder infections are relatively common and could explain frequent but usually painful urination. ... If not wanting to get pregnant, and if having sex, always have a good contraceptive method, a Plan A, in place. ...Read more ...
Prakash AO, Tewari RK, Mathur R (1988) Non-hormonal post-coital contraceptive action of neem oil in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 23: ...
... postcoital hormonal contraception is not currently recommended due to the higher risk of side effects and lower contraceptive ... Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of pregnancy.. Halpern V1, Raymond EG, Lopez LM. ... We searched until 1 September 2014 for trials that tested repeated pre- and postcoital use of hormonal drugs for pregnancy ... Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of pregnancy. [Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010] ...
Postcoital birth control pills ("morning after pills") may be prescribed in an emergency (e.g., following sexual abuse). ... The politicized claims in the PR industry have convinced people that Plan B is just a "contraceptive", that it is not also an ... The "abortion pill" RU486 also destroys the conceptus by interrupting implantation because of interference with the hormonal ... Consequently, they should not be called contraceptive pills. Conception occurs but the blastocyst does not implant. It would be ...
Recently post-coital treatment with levonorgestrel (LNG) and the antiprogestin mifepristone has emerged as the most effective ... LNG in a single dose of 1.5mg has become the recommended emergency contraceptive pill. However the mechanism(s) of action of ... Mifepristone middle dose (25-50 mg) was superior to other hormonal regimens. Mifepristone low dose (,25 mg) could be more ... However, it was also found that 1-year post-abortion, more than a third consistently did not use a reliable contraceptive ...
The contraceptive continuum -Nantes 2018 - Sept. 15, 2018, 09:00 Today many women are reluctant to use any of the existing ... Recently post-coital treatment with levonorgestrel (LNG) and the antiprogestin. mifepristone has emerged as the most effective ... and the antiprogestin mifepristone has emerged as the most effective hormonal methods available for emergency contraception. ... recommended emergency contraceptive pill. However the mechanism(s) of action of these. methods when used for emergency ...
progesterone-releasing IUDs, postcoital contraceptive methods) and hormone replacement. therapy must be discontinued 28 days ... Herbal supplements and hormonal methods of contraception (including oral and. transdermal contraceptives, injectable ... Herbal supplements and hormonal methods of contraception (including oral and transdermal contraceptives, injectable ... postcoital contraceptive methods) and hormone replacement therapy must be discontinued 28 days prior to the first dose of study ...
  • Hormonal contraception is the most common form of female birth control. (medscape.com)
  • While COCs are the most recognized and developed forms of hormonal contraception, there are also non-pill options. (medscape.com)
  • In exploratory analyses, the risk for leukemia became nonsignificant when the use of hormonal contraception ended more than 6 months before conception. (medscape.com)
  • During the median study follow-up period of 9 years, they estimate that maternal use of hormonal contraception could have resulted in about 25 additional cases of leukemia in Denmark, or one additional case of leukemia for every 50,000 exposed children. (medscape.com)
  • We found that the risk for leukemia increased with maternal use of hormonal contraception up to and during pregnancy, indicating that the proximity of the exposure to pregnancy is relevant to risk," the authors say. (medscape.com)
  • Since the authors were unable to identify any randomized controlled trials comparing contraceptive implants with other forms of contraception, the focus of the review shifted to a comparison of different types of implant. (who.int)
  • They are also known as postcoital contraception or "morning-after" pills if they are oral tablets. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 12,407 patients) conducted in Europe, Asia, and the Americas evaluated the likelihood of pregnancy with repeated use of precoital and postcoital hormonal contraception. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Later chapters discuss various personal and interpersonal factors that affect contraceptive use and therefore unintended pregnancy ( Chapter 6 ), as well as the broader sociocultural and economic environments in which decisions about contraception and pregnancy are made ( Chapter 7 ). (nap.edu)
  • This underlying discontent with current contraceptive technology is at the heart of repeated calls for expanded research to develop new forms of contraception ( Chapter 9 ). (nap.edu)
  • Put another way, it is unreasonable to expect widespread, careful use of contraception in the absence of basic knowledge and access to services, but this does not mean that when such pieces are in place good contraceptive use is guaranteed. (nap.edu)
  • Completion of patient diaries for such reasons as collecting bleeding data and providing evidence of sexual activity and backup contraception during a menstrual cycle, establishing the cycle's relevance to the evaluation of contraceptive efficacy. (ecmconnection.com)
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs)-usually used as a primary contraceptive method-are sometimes used as the most effective form of emergency contraception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Emergency contraception are birth control measures taken to reduce the risk of pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse or when other regular contraceptive measures have not worked properly or not been used correctly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) (sometimes referred to as emergency hormonal contraception, EHC) are taken after unprotected sexual intercourse or breakage of a condom. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study aimed to assess the use, knowledge and attitudes regarding hormonal contraception of female first-year students across various health profession courses. (who.int)
  • According to 28.2%, post-coital use of hormonal products is not an acceptable method of contraception. (who.int)
  • Almost 90% (87.3%) indicated that an education intervention regarding hormonal contraception is needed at the university. (who.int)
  • The introduction of oral hormonal contraception and its wide- agents, cyproterone acetate and drospirenone, which are effec- spread acceptance revolutionised the lives of women across tive methods of contraception.9-11 the globe. (who.int)
  • Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. (aafp.org)
  • Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • Repeated use of postcoital hormonal contraception is not currently recommended due to the higher risk of side effects and lower contraceptive effectiveness compared to other modern methods of contraception. (nih.gov)
  • To determine the effectiveness and safety of repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for pregnancy prevention. (nih.gov)
  • We considered published and unpublished studies of repeated postcoital or immediately precoital use of hormonal drugs for contraception with pregnancy as an outcome. (nih.gov)
  • Herbal supplements and hormonal methods of contraception (including oral and transdermal contraceptives, injectable progesterone, progestin subdermal implants, progesterone-releasing IUDs, postcoital contraceptive methods) and hormone replacement therapy must be discontinued 28 days prior to the first dose of study medication. (pfizer.com)
  • Advise a postpartum patient on antenatal and postdelivery periods provide an the most appropriate method of excellent opportunity to provide contraceptive contraception. (slideshare.net)
  • You must decide whether the patient's choiceA high perinatal or infant mortality rate in a of a contraceptive method is suitable, takingcommunity is likely to result in a rejection of into consideration:contraception. (slideshare.net)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), also known as "postcoital contraception" or the "morning-after pill," work by changing a woman's hormone levels in the same ways birth control pills and other hormonal methods work. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • 2 Postcoital hormonal emergency contraception has the potential to substantially reduce the risk of pregnancy and subsequent abortion when taken as early as possible after unprotected intercourse. (cmaj.ca)
  • The combined pill is a hormonal method of contraception. (tcd.ie)
  • Advantages and disadvantages of hormonal contraception in female are discussed in detail, where the major topics of discussion include oral contraceptives, population reports and postcoital contraception. (jaypeedigital.com)
  • Emergency postcoital contraception, a method used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, is a highly effective but underutilized birth control option. (aafp.org)
  • Emergency postcoital contraception should be considered as a primary prevention health service to women of childbearing age. (aafp.org)
  • Adapted with permission from Glasier A. Emergency postcoital contraception. (aafp.org)
  • Third edition 2016 World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use - 3rd ed. 1.Contraception - methods. (rhsupplies.org)
  • a - In postcoital contraception, ulipristal (still marketed under the brand name EllaOne°) is taken as a single 30 mg dose. (prescrire.org)
  • While the use of oral contraceptive pills has declined in recent years, the utilization of non-oral forms of contraception, including contraceptive rings or patches, has increased. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • Market trends suggest there is a robust segment of women demanding alternatives to hormonal contraception and who prefer a once-a-month option," 3 said Sabrina Martucci Johnson, President and CEO of Daré Bioscience. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • Breakthrough bleeding is irregular bleeding associated with hormonal contraception. (high-kick.ru)
  • Hormonal post-coital contraception was first introduced in the late 1970s by Yuzpe and Lance, who suggested use of 0.1 mg ethinyl estradiol/0.5 mg levonorgestrel within 72 hours of intercourse followed by repeat dosing 12 hours later. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • LNG [levonorgestrel] alone [ Plan B ] has been widely used in contraceptive formulations and has been used successfully for postcoital contraception as well. (blogspot.com)
  • Post-coital contraception," "the morning after pill," and "emergency contraception" are all names given to hormonal medication that is taken after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. (columbia.edu)
  • The number of combined hormonal birth control pills to be used as emergency contraception depends on how much of each hormone the pills have, which varies by brand. (columbia.edu)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two regimens for postcoital contraception. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Mifepristone is currently not licensed anywhere outside China for postcoital contraception. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although progestins were among the first drugs used in postcoital contraception , few studies of the emergency levonorgestrel regimen have controlled for cycle day of unprotected intercourse. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This pre-period vaginal bleeding can be caused by hormonal imbalance, triggered by stress or medical conditions, use of emergency contraception, use of hormonal contraception or endocrine disorders. (justhealthlifestyle.com)
  • Contraception includes barrier methods, such as condoms or diaphragm, hormonal contraception, also known as oral contraception, and injectable contraceptives. (rafed.net)
  • The DDDs for preparations only used in postcoital contraception are based on the course dose. (whocc.no)
  • The use of hormonal contraception, includ- over 35 who smoke, no such risks are associ- ing ECPs, has no effect on future fertil- ated with levonorgestrel. (who.int)
  • Medicines Q&As Q&A 233.3 Does St John's Wort interact with Emergency Hormonal Contraception? (studyres.com)
  • Emergency contraception also known as postcoital contraception is used to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected or inadequately protected act of sexual intercourse [3, 4]. (studyres.com)
  • There is very little information relating to the effect of SJW on oral emergency hormonal contraception. (studyres.com)
  • Between 2000 and 2002, the Committee on Safety of Medicines in the UK received 2 reported cases of unwanted pregnancy occurring in women taking St John's Wort who became pregnant despite taking levonorgestrel based emergency hormonal contraception [19]. (studyres.com)
  • Strategies to promote use of emergency contraception should be focused on spreading accurate information through medical and informational sources, which have been found to be reliable and associated with good knowledge on emergency contraceptive pills. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The patient should see her contraception specialist if she wants to resume or start using a regular contraceptive method. (ec-ec.org)
  • Starting hormonal contraception immediately after UPA may compromise the effectiveness of UPA. (ec-ec.org)
  • For use as postcoital contraception within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse or known or suspected contraceptive failure - for use in females who have no known contraindications to use, have achieved menarche, and are not known or suspected to be pregnant. (pdr.net)
  • The recent approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of a new drug (Preven), specifically for use as 'Emergency Contraception' (EC), is raising questions as to whether the drug's mechanism is contraceptive or abortifacient in nature. (medicpdf.com)
  • Simultaneous quantitation of multiple contraceptive hormones in human serum by LC-MS/MS. Contraception. (amedeo.com)
  • For women who do not consistently use a reliable form of contraception or who experience a contraceptive malfunction, emergency contraception may provide contraception after unprotected intercourse in the form of levonorgestrel (LNG) and combined oral contraceptive pills, ulipristal acetate (UPA) pills or copper-bearing intrauterine devices (Cu-IUDs). (cdc.gov)
  • Emergency oral contraceptives are contraception administered after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Emergency oral contraceptives (EOC) are intended for occasional or emergency use only and not as a regular contraception. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hormonal contraception methods such as birth control pills are clearly the best method for protection against pregnancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some combination birth control pills may be used in higher dosages as morning after pills (MAPs), for postcoital emergency contraception. (earthslab.com)
  • estrogen and and counselling sessions should be progesterone levels are changed informative but non-judgmental and Hormonal contraception at two stages to imitate the normal non-threatening, as the main outcome menstrual cycle. (who.int)
  • Two synthetic estrogens are available contraception, with the fewest side of hormonal contraception. (who.int)
  • 4. Glasier A. Emergency postcoital contraception. (pharmacypractice.org)
  • Postfertilization effect of hormonal emergency contraception. (pharmacypractice.org)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs)-sometimes simply referred to as emergency contraceptives (ECs) or the morning-after pill-are medications intended to disrupt or delay ovulation or fertilization, which are necessary for pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A variety of types of emergency contraceptive pills are available: combined estrogen and progestin pills, progestin-only (levonorgestrel, LNG) pills, and antiprogestin (ulipristal acetate or mifepristone) pills. (wikipedia.org)
  • Progestin-only and antiprogestin pills are available specifically packaged for use as emergency contraceptive pills. (wikipedia.org)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills originally contained higher doses of the same hormones (estrogens, progestins, or both) found in regular combined oral contraceptive pills. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combined estrogen and progestin pills are no longer recommended as dedicated emergency contraceptive pills (because this regimen is less effective and caused more nausea), but certain regular combined oral contraceptive pills (taken 2-5 at a time in what was called "the Yuzpe regimen") have also been shown to be effective as emergency contraceptive pills. (wikipedia.org)
  • Progestin-only emergency contraceptive pills contain levonorgestrel, either as a single tablet (or historically, as a split dose of two tablets taken 12 hours apart), effective up to 72 hours after intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combined estrogen (ethinylestradiol) and progestin (levonorgestrel or norgestrel) pills used to be available as dedicated emergency contraceptive pills under several brand names: Schering PC4, Tetragynon, Neoprimavlar, and Preven (in the United States) but were withdrawn after more effective dedicated progestin-only (levonorgestrel) emergency contraceptive pills with fewer side effects became available. (wikipedia.org)
  • If other more effective dedicated emergency contraceptive pills (levonorgestrel, ulipristal acetate, or mifepristone) are not available, specific combinations of regular combined oral contraceptive pills can be taken in split doses 12 hours apart (the Yuzpe regimen), effective up to 72 hours after intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this off-label use of certain brands of regular combined oral contraceptive pills in 1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2014, there are 26 brands of regular combined oral contraceptive pills containing levonorgestrel or norgestrel available in the United States that can be used in the emergency contraceptive Yuzpe regimen, when none of the more effective and better tolerated options are available. (wikipedia.org)
  • The FDA currently approves three different types of emergency contraceptive pills: pills that contain only progestin, pills that contain both progestin and estrogen, and pills that contain the antiprogestin- ulipristal acetate. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Some people call emergency contraceptive pills "morning-after pills. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Whereas invasive methods, such as the oral administration of various hormone combinations, in the form of contraceptive pills, and intra-uterine devices, have a high degree of efficiency, the use of contraceptive pills inhibits LH (luteinizing hormone) surge and induces a multitude of metabolic, hormonal and other bodily changes during their intake. (google.com)
  • In addition, the use of contraceptive pills may give rise to long-lasting effects after cessation of their use. (google.com)
  • Although the relationship between the use of contraceptive pills and genital malignancy has not been definitely established and appears to be unlikely, the sequential type of contraceptive pill may in some cases produce proliferative changes in the uterus. (google.com)
  • The list of serious complications following the use of contraceptive pills is considerable and includes the following: thromboembolism, hepatomata, and pseudo-tumor cerebri. (google.com)
  • These regimens are packaged as Food and Drug Administration labeled, dedicated products or can be adapted for use from standard oral contraceptive pills. (aafp.org)
  • Ovaprene is a novel hormone-free monthly vaginal contraceptive, designed to offer both once-a-month convenience and "typical use" effectiveness in the same range as traditional hormonal contraceptive methods (pills, patches, vaginal rings). (sandiegoonline.us)
  • Other contraceptives that demonstrated no motile sperm in the cervical mucus in PCT clinical studies of similar size, went on to demonstrate typical-use contraceptive effectiveness of 86-91% in pivotal studies evaluating pregnancy rates over six-month periods, similar in range to typical-use effectiveness rates of hormonal methods like pills, patches, and vaginal rings such as the NuvaRing® vaginal ring. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • Missed oral contraceptive pills. (high-kick.ru)
  • However, if a woman has been taking her birth control pills regularly and as directed by her health care provider, taking them in the higher emergency contraceptive dose isn't necessary to prevent pregnancy. (columbia.edu)
  • Both brand name and generic progestin-only EC is 88 percent effective at preventing pregnancy if taken within 72 hours (as stated on the label) after sex and has fewer side-effects than daily combined hormonal birth control pills taken as EC. (columbia.edu)
  • The active hormonal ingredient, levonorgestrel, is comparable to traditional birth-control pills but is simply taken in higher, post-coital doses. (blogspot.com)
  • Mechanism of Action: How do levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive pills (LNG ECPs) prevent pregnancy? (cecinfo.org)
  • A total of 571 women with HMB at 67 clinical sites were randomized to treatment with either the LNG IUS or one of several usual medical treatments (tranexamic acid, mefenamic acid, combined oral contraceptives, progestin-only pills, or injectable medroxyprogesterone acetate), according to the preference of each attending physician. (freecme.com)
  • Depending on the method chosen and how it is used, non-hormonal methods have a much wider range of effectiveness than the hormonal contraceptives (pills, patches, rings and implantable methods), but they avoid the side effects of taking hormones. (wordpress.com)
  • Excessive stress, contraceptive pills or chronic diseases can also cause bleeding before periods. (enkiverywell.com)
  • Monophasic combined oral contraceptives can be given cyclically or continuously (using only active pills). (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • Two emergency contraceptive pills may be bought without a prescription. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and experiences on emergency contraceptive pills by the university students in Cameroon in order to develop and refine a national health programme for reducing unwanted pregnancies and their associated morbidity and mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • General level of awareness of emergency contraceptive pills was 63.0% (418/664). (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, knowledge of the general features of emergency contraceptive pills was low and misinformation was high among these students. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although the students generally had positive attitudes regarding emergency contraceptive pills, up to 65.0% (465/664) believed that emergency contraceptive pills were unsafe. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Those with adequate knowledge generally showed favourable attitudes with regards to emergency contraceptive pills (Mann-Whitney U = 2592.5, p = 0.000). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Forty-nine students (7.4%) had used emergency contraceptive pills themselves or had a partner who had used them. (biomedcentral.com)
  • They include hormonal contraceptive pills (also called morning-after pills), intrauterine contraceptive devices and mifepristone. (biomedcentral.com)
  • c - Strong CYP3A4 inducers may reduce the effectiveness of emergency contraceptive pills. (ec-ec.org)
  • The duration of use of ECPs is less than the daily use of hormone-containing contraceptive pills and thus would be expected to have a lower risk for adverse health outcomes. (ec-ec.org)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) can be used up to 120 hours (three to five days) after unprotected sex, but the earlier they are used the better. (myhealthmatters.ca)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills may contain estrogen and progestin, or progestin alone. (myhealthmatters.ca)
  • These are the same hormonal drugs contained in some birth control pills but at a different dose. (myhealthmatters.ca)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse. (myhealthmatters.ca)
  • Emergency contraceptive pills are an emergency method used to cut the risk of pregnancy at one point in time. (myhealthmatters.ca)
  • In response to years of pressure from some medical and advocacy groups, the FDA recommended six brands of oral contraceptive pills in high doses (Ovral, Lo/Ovral, Nordette, Levlen, Triphasil, and Tri-Levlen) as 'safe' and 'effective' for use as 'postcoital EC' in February 1997. (medicpdf.com)
  • While these pills may sometimes have a contraceptive mode of action because they prevent or delay ovulation or fertilization, they are designed to prevent implantation as well. (medicpdf.com)
  • This study aims to determine whether emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are less safe and effective for women with obesity compared with those without obesity. (cdc.gov)
  • A cross-sectional study was conducted in two major universities of Ethiopia from January to May 2011 using structured self administered questionnaire with the aim to assess the effect of introducing oral emergency contraceptive pills on condom utilization and sexual risk taking behaviours among female university students. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Providing emergency contraceptive pills "behind-the-counter": opinions among Minnesota healthcare providers. (pharmacypractice.org)
  • however, as the disease progresses, symptoms can include heavy vaginal bleeding, irregular vaginal bleeding, or postcoital bleeding (bleeding after intercourse). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In early-phase trials, postcoital testing of safety, fit and acceptability of an investigational device, requiring a population of sexually active women not at risk for pregnancy due to previous female tubal sterilization and willing to visit a site in a timely manner for examination following intercourse. (ecmconnection.com)
  • You may have infertility if you do not conceive after one year of regular intercourse without the use of contraceptives. (kkh.com.sg)
  • The antiprogestin ulipristal acetate is available as a micronized emergency contraceptive tablet, effective up to 120 hours after intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The antiprogestin mifepristone (also known as RU-486) is available in five countries as a low-dose or mid-dose emergency contraceptive tablet, effective up to 120 hours after intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postcoital bleeding (PCB) is non-menstrual bleeding that occurs immediately after sexual intercourse. (high-kick.ru)
  • An emergency contraceptive method is any drug or device used after an unprotected intercourse to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. (blogspot.com)
  • Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. (nih.gov)
  • LNG ECPs contain one ity.12,13 LNG ECPs leave the body within a including active ingredient only, levonorgestrel (a pro- few days and women who have used ECPs gestogen hormone), which does not pose any can become pregnant from any subsequent of the risks associated with contraceptive pil s acts of sexual intercourse. (who.int)
  • If you have regular periods and also experience spotting a week before a period, it may be attributed to implantation bleeding if you do not take any form of contraceptive after the last intercourse. (enkiverywell.com)
  • It can be used within 5 days of unprotected intercourse as an emergency contraceptive. (ec-ec.org)
  • Contraceptive use at last intercourse among reproductive-aged women with disabilities: an analysis of population-based data from seven states. (amedeo.com)
  • When used within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse, the hormone combination disrupts normal hormonal controls and tends to prevent either fertilization or implantation. (earthslab.com)
  • When used as prescribed, hormonal contraceptives may act by halting ovulation, blocking the implantation of fertilized eggs, and/or increasing cervical mucus secretion. (medscape.com)
  • The data also suggest that emergency contraceptives are ineffective after ovulation. (nih.gov)
  • Often subtle hormonal imbalances or ovulation abnormalities result in decreased fertility. (generalhealthtopics.com)
  • Inhibition of ovulation is provided by the action of progestogen and changes in hormonal levels women. (medicalj-center.info)
  • Lack of ovulation during the period of use of combined oral contraceptives provides rest to the ovaries and endometrium that is important in the presence of reproductive disease. (medicalj-center.info)
  • 2) The evidence to date supports the contention that use of "Emergency Contraceptive" does not always inhibit ovulation even if used in the preovulatory phase, and that it may unfavorably alter the endometrial lining regardless of when in the cycle it is used, with the effect persisting for days. (blogspot.com)
  • Hormonal birth control methods use a higher concentration of synthetic progesterone and a lower concentration of synthetic estrogens to prevent ovulation. (earthslab.com)
  • The released progesterone acts similarly to an oral contraceptive by inhibiting ovulation, and the implant is effective for up to five years. (earthslab.com)
  • It is not advisable to use ECPs as your only protection against pregnancy if you are sexually active or planning to be, because they are not as effective as other contraceptive methods. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • Two studies have estimated effectiveness of LNG ECPs by confirming the cycle day by hormonal analysis (other studies used women's self-reported cycle date). (cecinfo.org)
  • Other reported side- ingredient in LNG ECPs, has been widely used effects include fatigue, abdominal discom- of levonorgestrel-alone in various formulations for over 30 years and fort, and nausea.8 emergency contraceptive pil s has been extensively studied in women of re- productive age. (who.int)
  • The MEC also provides recommendations for LNG and combined oral contraceptive pill (Yuzpe method) formulations as ECPs among women with several medical conditions or personal characteristics. (cdc.gov)
  • Sexual Chemistry: A History of the Contraceptive Pill. (wikipedia.org)
  • The combined pill is an effective contraceptive method. (tcd.ie)
  • Prescriptions are needed to purchase Plan B One Step, Next Choice, or a combined oral contraceptive (birth control pill) that can be used as an Emergency Contraceptive. (womenscenter.com)
  • Cervical ectropion - especially in those women taking the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP). (high-kick.ru)
  • It was the first contraceptive pill marketed worldwide. (asu.edu)
  • Plan B is a progestin-only emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) that can be taken within seventy-two hours of unprotected sex in order to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. (asu.edu)
  • As one of the researchers involved in the development of the oral contraceptive pill, Min Chueh Chang helped to revolutionize the birth control movement. (asu.edu)
  • Born on 24 March 1890 in Marlborough, Massachusetts, to Ann and Frank Rock, John Charles Rock was both a devout Catholic and one of the leading investigators involved in the development of the first oral contraceptive pill. (asu.edu)
  • Katharine Dexter McCormick, who contributed the majority of funding for the development of the oral contraceptive pill, was born to Josephine and Wirt Dexter on 27 August 1875 in Dexter, Michigan. (asu.edu)
  • Gregory Goodwin Pincus, one of the original researchers responsible for the development of the first oral contraceptive pill, was born in Woodbine, New Jersey, on 19 April 1903 to Russian Jewish parents. (asu.edu)
  • In a randomized study of women who presented to primary care providers with a complaint of excessive menstrual bleeding, the levonorgestrel intrauterine system was more effective than other medical treatments (tranexamic acid, NSAID, combined oral contraceptives, progestin-only pill, Depo-Provera) in reducing the effect of heavy menstrual bleeding on quality of life. (freecme.com)
  • Doctors widely prescribed DES first to pregnant women to prevent miscarriages, and later as an emergency contraceptive pill and to treat breast cancer. (asu.edu)
  • 5 549 leukotriene receptor antagonist selective oestrogen contraceptive pill Retinol is retained. (imagenenaccion.org)
  • Progestin (mini-pill) oral contraceptives containing the progestin meager dose, have minimal side effects. (medicalj-center.info)
  • There have been recent debates over new evidence that emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) failure may be associated with obesity. (cdc.gov)
  • The oral contraceptive, "the pill," was the first available method of delivery, and it is still widely used. (earthslab.com)
  • IUDs are effective long-acting contraceptives with rising popularity in recent years. (medscape.com)
  • Hormonal IUDs function by releasing levonorgestrel into the uterus with minimal systemic absorption. (medscape.com)
  • Irregular bleeding caused by hormonal methods and IUDs can be inconvenient and frustrating. (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • We evaluated the existing data on safety and effectiveness of pericoital use of levonorgestrel and other hormonal drugs to prevent pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • 1. The effectiveness of each contraceptive method.8-4 How should you give contraceptive 2. (slideshare.net)
  • Despite evidence for the effectiveness and safety of emergency contraceptives (ECs), 3 , 5 , 6 , 7 this method of preventing pregnancy is underused. (cmaj.ca)
  • Daré plans to file an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) for Ovaprene in the first half of 2020 and, pending the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's review and clearance of the IDE, to initiate a pivotal contraceptive effectiveness and safety clinical study of Ovaprene in the second half of 2020. (businesswire.com)
  • Ovaprene recently completed a successful postcoital test (PCT) clinical study where, in all women and across all cycles evaluated, it prevented virtually all sperm from entering the cervical canal, a surrogate marker for contraceptive effectiveness. (businesswire.com)
  • Across all women and all cycles evaluated, Ovaprene prevented essentially all sperm from entering the cervical canal, a surrogate marker for contraceptive effectiveness. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • Currently marketed contraceptives with similar results in their PCT clinical studies subsequently demonstrated 6-month "typical use" effectiveness of 86-91% in their pivotal clinical trials, in the same range as traditional hormonal contraceptive methods. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • The effects of pre-abortion depressive symptoms on post-abortion contraceptive effectiveness level chosen among women seeking abortions. (amedeo.com)
  • The emerging role of obesity in short-acting hormonal contraceptive effectiveness. (amedeo.com)
  • While hormonal contraceptives are generally reliable at preventing pregnancy, the various forms are not equal in efficacy. (medscape.com)
  • There were no statistically significant differences between the three implants with respect to contraceptive efficacy. (who.int)
  • Available through NICE Evidence Search at www.evidence.nhs.uk 1 Medicines Q&As The Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) for levonorgestrel containing oral hormonal emergency contraceptives indicate that these products may be affected by SJW, resulting in reduced efficacy of the hormonal contraceptive [5-8]. (studyres.com)
  • Thus, contraceptive efficacy is of prime importance to them. (wordpress.com)
  • Acceptability of emergency contraceptives by women and clinicians may depend on personal opinions about when life or pregnancy begins. (nih.gov)
  • Women and clinicians who consider implantation or later events to be the beginning of pregnancy should be aware that emergency contraceptives are likely nonabortive by this definition of pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • This focus on knowledge, skills, and access is not meant to obscure another possible explanation for unintended pregnancy, which is the relatively limited and often unsatisfactory array of contraceptive methods available to men and women in the United States. (nap.edu)
  • The aim of the study is to investigate whether women on oral contraceptives (OCs) suffering from acquired OC-associated female sexual dysfunction (FSD) for at least 3 months but no longer than one year will express the same level of sexual distress when taking SH T00658ID compared to Microgynon, the usual OC prescribed for women with OC-associated FSD. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Colposcopy was performed in all women with unhealthy cervix during gynaecological examination, abnormal Pap smear report, recurrent vaginal discharge and postcoital bleeding. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Women today can choose from a wide range of effective and safe contraceptives and yet satisfaction with existing methods varies. (ecmconnection.com)
  • In 1994, nearly 6.6 million women received contraceptive services from the more than 7,000 clinics that make up the network of publicly funded family planning clinics in the United States. (guttmacher.org)
  • 2 Others had private insurance that either did not cover preventive gynecologic care or certain contraceptive methods or supplies, or did not provide women with care from familiar providers or with the level of confidentiality that they desired. (guttmacher.org)
  • Ensuring that all women have access to affordable and accessible contraceptive care is crucial for the prevention of unintended pregnancies. (guttmacher.org)
  • Low or no hormones in contraceptives is something many women prefer, and we are proud to collaborate with a partner who shares a similar commitment to bringing products to market that can make a meaningful impact for women, their families and communities. (businesswire.com)
  • 1 The topline results from the PCT clinical study support continued clinical development of Ovaprene and its potential to be the first hormone-free, monthly contraceptive option for women. (businesswire.com)
  • The development of steroid-based oral contraceptives had revolutionized the availability of contraceptive choice for women. (bvsalud.org)
  • The goal of modern family planning has shifted towards providing more complete women's reproductive health, providing women with effective contraceptives with consideration of on-contraceptive benefits and lifestyle advantages of different methods. (glowm.com)
  • 4]. Despite the general acceptability and the obvious advantages that have been attributed to oral contraceptives use, some serious side effects have been reported in women taking them. (org.ng)
  • This procedure is contraindicated in women for whom oral contraceptives are contraindicated, such as those with hypertension or a history of stroke or thromboembolic disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Also, the presence of bleeding or spotting before the period happens to women who use hormonal contraceptives, vaginal ring or oral contraceptives. (justhealthlifestyle.com)
  • Most of the available evidence regarding an interaction between SJW and hormonal contraceptives, relates to women who were taking a combined oral hormonal contraceptive. (studyres.com)
  • Though the last twenty years has seen a proliferation of hormonal birth control options for women, tubal sterilization remains one of the most widely used methods around the world. (wordpress.com)
  • Globally, surgical sterilization is used more than any other contraceptive method, with 180 million women relying on the procedure. (wordpress.com)
  • Frequently repeated ECP use may be harmful for women with conditions classified as 2, 3 or 4 for contraceptives containing hormones. (ec-ec.org)
  • This tool aims to summarize key information for pharmacists and providers helping women make informed postcoital contraceptive choices. (ec-ec.org)
  • A systematic review of contraceptive continuation among women living with HIV. (amedeo.com)
  • Concordance of self-reported hormonal contraceptive use and presence of exogenous hormones in serum among African women. (amedeo.com)
  • Discordance between Self-Reported Contraceptive Use and Detection of Exogenous Hormones among Malawian Women Enrolling in a Randomized Clinical Trial. (amedeo.com)
  • Obesity and contraceptive use among women 20-44 years of age in the United States: Results from the 2011-15 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). (amedeo.com)
  • For women at high risk for HIV acquisition and do not wish to become pregnant, contraceptive choice is a crucial issue. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hormonal birth control methods are very effective, but some women may experience unpleasant side effects, such as headache, irregular menstruation, nausea, and bloating. (earthslab.com)
  • Women who smoke or have a history of blood clots, stroke , heart disease, liver disease, or uncontrolled diabetes have an elevated health risk when using hormonal birth control methods. (earthslab.com)
  • As contraceptives and hormonal therapies continue to advance and increase in popularity, it is important for dermatologists to understand their mechanisms and dermatologic effects given the intricate interplay between hormones and the skin. (medscape.com)
  • Other hormones, see H - Systemic hormonal preparations, excl. (whocc.no)
  • The combination contained therein hormones are selected so that the maximum corresponds to the natural hormonal background of female organism. (medicalj-center.info)
  • iatrogenic causes (including contraceptive hormones). (endocrinologyadvisor.com)
  • The dermatologic effects of hormonal contraceptives are due to their capacity to affect androgen receptors through progestins, as well as estrogen receptors through mestranol or ethinylestradiol (EE). (medscape.com)
  • A nationwide cohort study in more than 1.1 million Danish children shows that the use of combined estrogen and progestin oral contraceptives in the 6 months before conception or during pregnancy is associated with a small increase in the risk for any type of childhood leukemia, particularly the nonlymphoid types. (medscape.com)
  • The increased risk for leukemias was mainly associated with the use of oral combined contraceptive products containing estrogen, and not with progestin-only contraceptives. (medscape.com)
  • It happens due to your estrogen levels decreasing substantially due to the contraceptives. (alldischarge.com)
  • Combinations of cyproterone and estrogen also used as contraceptives are, however, classified in G03HB. (whocc.no)
  • Other therapies that have been used to manage irregular bleeding induced by progestin-only contraceptives include estrogen (or a combined hormonal contraceptive), tamoxifen, tranexamic acid, mifepristone combined with an estrogen, and doxycycline. (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • [9] , [10] If this does not adequately control symptoms, other options include one or more cycles of combined oral contraceptives or exogenous estrogen. (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • However, data are lacking on the performance of contraceptive implants compared with other contraceptive methods. (who.int)
  • The second issue considered is that access to contraceptive services and supplies-particularly for the more effective methods-may be limited. (nap.edu)
  • It is also important to emphasize here that the committee considers knowledge about methods of birth control, as well as access to them, to be basic requirements for effective contraceptive use. (nap.edu)
  • Individuals learn about contraceptive methods, including their risks and benefits, as well as how to use them, from a wide variety of sources: friends and family, the electronic and print media, health professionals and the educational materials that they distribute, such institutions as schools and colleges, and numerous community resources. (nap.edu)
  • side effects of the various contraceptive methods. (slideshare.net)
  • Nowadays, contraceptive techniques may be divided into two groups: invasive methods and non-invasive methods. (google.com)
  • The male condom is one of the oldest contraceptive methods and the earliest method for preventing the spread of HIV. (who.int)
  • The use of safe, effective emergency postcoital contraceptive methods could result in 1 million fewer abortions and 2 million fewer unintended pregnancies each year in the United States. (aafp.org)
  • Recently, treatment with levonorgestrel-only [ Plan B ] and mifepristone [ Mifeprex , RU486] has emerged as the most effective hormonal methods with very low side effects. (blogspot.com)
  • 9] Since 18 U.S. states define pregnancy as beginning at conception,[10] describing methods of birth control in terms of their potential means of action allows one to be technically accurate while using language that is neutral with regard to the abortifacient versus contraceptive controversy. (rafed.net)
  • the reversible non-hormonal methods are usually much less effective than hormonal contraceptives, but some people achieve much greater success than "typical" users. (wordpress.com)
  • Here, from the authors of Contraceptive Technology, [1] is a run-down of strategies for managing unscheduled bleeding associated with the various contraceptive methods, beginning with some general guidance. (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • Birth control methods may be categorized into several groups based on their mode of action: hormonal, chemical and behavioral contraceptive methods, anti-implantation devices, sterilization, and induced abortion. (earthslab.com)
  • Contraceptive methods are designed to prevent sperm from reaching and penetrating a secondary oocyte, which leads to the formation of an ovum. (earthslab.com)
  • Use of hormonal birth control methods is timed to a woman's menstrual cycle. (earthslab.com)
  • 5. Swahn ML, Westlund P, Johannisson E, Bygdeman, M. Effect of postcoital contraceptive methods on the endometrium and the menstrual cycle. (pharmacypractice.org)
  • In April of the prior year, she had noticed abnormal bleeding symptoms including intermenstrual and postcoital bleeding. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The epidemiology of self-reported intermenstrual and postcoital bleeding in the perimenopausal years. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Intermenstrual bleeding (IMB) refers to vaginal bleeding (other than postcoital) at any time during the menstrual cycle other than during normal menstruation. (high-kick.ru)
  • Exclusions included intention for pregnancy in the next 5 years, current use of hormonal therapy, irregular bleeding (unless an endometrial biopsy was normal), intermenstrual or postcoital bleeding, findings suggestive of large fibroids (e.g., an abdominally palpable 10-12 week size uterus), contraindications to (or a strong preference for) the LNG IUS, or one of the other usual medical treatments. (freecme.com)
  • In June, we were pleased to announce the completion of enrollment for the Ovaprene postcoital test clinical trial, an important milestone in the development of this potential first-in-category, hormone-free contraceptive candidate. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate) also releases progestogen into the bloodstream and is repeated every 3 months, whereas the transdermal contraceptive patch releases both EE and norelgestromin and is applied weekly. (medscape.com)
  • It is possible to find a containing COCPs (20µg-35 µg) have is a low-potency progestogen, and contraceptive to suit every patient's replaced COCPs with a content of fairly nonandrogenic. (who.int)
  • We performed a search of the PubMed (1949-July 2009) and EMBASE (1980-July 2009) databases to identify literature on the mechanisms of action of these contraceptive regimens, and data were extracted from pertinent English-language studies. (nih.gov)
  • In order to expand the contraceptive options for couples by developing an acceptable, safe and effective male contraceptive, scientists have been experimenting with various steroidal/non-steroidal regimens to suppress testicular sperm production. (bvsalud.org)
  • The side effects of long-term use of androgens and progestogens have also undergone evaluation in primate models and the results of these studies need to be kept in view, while considering steroidal regimens for contraceptive use in men. (bvsalud.org)
  • There is sufficient evidence that hormonal contraceptives, particularly COCs and vaginal rings, may effectively treat acne and hirsutism. (medscape.com)
  • Finally, combined hormonal contraceptive vaginal rings include the etonogestrel/EE ring (e.g. (medscape.com)
  • Symptoms Irregular menses 83 Postcoital bleeding 11 Postmenopausal bleeding 152 White discharge 192 Lower abdominal pain 51 Dysuria 13 Infertility 1 Note: Table made from bar graph. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2]. Oral contraceptives are sometimes used to treat heavy or irregular menstruation and endometriosis. (org.ng)
  • and, multiyear studies evaluating long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs). (ecmconnection.com)
  • Use of intrauterine contraceptive devices, IUCDs or copper impregnated device in the management of pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, infection, and fertility is briefly discussed. (jaypeedigital.com)
  • Modern hormonal EC, with low side effects, was first proposed by Yuzpe in 1974. (biomedsearch.com)
  • By the postcoital test on female cervical mucus, we investigated if male sperm motility parameters, especially progressive motility and immotility, could be ameliorated after female MI vaginal use. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ovaprene releases a locally acting, non-hormonal agent which impedes sperm motility and features a proprietary knitted polymer barrier to physically block sperm from entering the cervical canal. (businesswire.com)
  • The development of contraceptive vaccines for men, using sperm surface epitopes not expressed in female reproductive tract as source, still requires considerable research efforts. (bvsalud.org)
  • These data are highly significant and demonstrate that Ovaprene prevented almost all sperm from entering the cervical canal, a surrogate marker for highly effective contraceptives," said Christine Mauck, MD, Medical Director for Daré Bioscience. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • Barrier contraceptives are devices that physically prevent dissemination of sperm in the vagina, blocking the access of spermatozoa to the upper genital tract. (glowm.com)
  • A form of birth control which prevents the sperm from fertilizing the egg is a contraceptive agent. (rafed.net)
  • Common causes of postcoital bleeding include hormonal changes, polyps or fibroids, fragile tissue on the face of the cervix, and infections. (alldischarge.com)
  • A public health policy initiative in British Columbia beginning in December 2000 allowed pharmacists to provide emergency contraceptives (ECs) without a prescription. (cmaj.ca)
  • Summary of changes within the Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, third edition 26 7. (rhsupplies.org)
  • U.S. selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, 2013: adapted from the World Health Organization selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, 2nd edition. (cdc.gov)
  • Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use. (cdc.gov)
  • New hormonal products offer more effective solutions with fewer side effects. (who.int)
  • Modern oral contraceptives contain fewer side effects compared to drugs 1 and 2 generation. (medicalj-center.info)
  • As a former bench research biochemist/biologist (NIH/NCI) I am sending this scientific submission for your kind consideration on Levonorgestrel ("Plan B" and "Preven") ("emergency contraceptives"), and their possible abortifacient effects. (lifeissues.net)
  • In other words, the contraceptive effect is ambiguous and the abortifacient effect is probable. (blogspot.com)
  • Quingestanol acetate was used as an oral, once-a-month, or postcoital hormonal contraceptive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is a lower-dose, subcutaneous contraceptive injectable containing depot medroxyprogesterone acetate likely to impact women's risk of HIV? (amedeo.com)
  • Effects of concurrent vaginal miconazole treatment on the absorption and exposure of Nestorone(R) (segesterone acetate) and ethinyl estradiol delivered from a contraceptive vaginal ring: A randomized, crossover drug-drug interaction study. (amedeo.com)
  • OM of the cervix can present with different symptoms including: dyspareunia, pelvic pain, leukorrhea, menstrual irregularities, and postcoital bleeding. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bleeding disturbances and amenorrhoea constitute one of the most important side-effects, which could lead to premature discontinuation of the method, possibly resulting in unintended pregnancy if the woman does not switch over to another contraceptive method. (who.int)
  • If not wanting to get pregnant, and if having sex , always have a good contraceptive method, a Plan A, in place. (healthtap.com)
  • other members of her family or friends.A good way to motivate a patient to accept Step 2: The patient's choice of a contraceptivecontraception is to discuss with her, or methodpreferably with both her and her partner, thehealth and socio-economic effects further The patient should always be asked whichchildren could have on her and the rest of the contraceptive method she would prefer as thisfamily. (slideshare.net)
  • contraceptive method.There are five important steps which should be 3. (slideshare.net)
  • Unscheduled vaginal bleeding is common when a new contraceptive method is started and often settles without intervention. (high-kick.ru)
  • Preventing contraceptive method discontinuation can frequently be as simple as informing patients in advance that changes will occur in their menstrual cycles. (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • Persistent abnormal bleeding requires clinical evaluation because not all nuisance bleeding can be attributed to the contraceptive method. (contraceptivetechnology.org)
  • Planned Parenthood, which offers the regimen at many of its sites, says that the method is for 'special circumstances' such as after 'contraceptive failure' or sexual assault. (medicpdf.com)
  • The incidence and severity of nausea and vomiting decrease when antiemetic agents are taken one hour before the first contraceptive dose. (aafp.org)
  • followed by either one 1.5mg or 2.25mg dose of the emergency hormonal contraceptive, levonorgestrel, taken between days 9-12 of a normal menstrual cycle. (studyres.com)
  • High-dose, highly hormonal drugs today are prescribed only in the treatment of endocrine and oncological diseases. (medicalj-center.info)
  • Continuous dosing of a novel contraceptive vaginal ring releasing Nestorone(R) and estradiol: pharmacokinetics from a dose-finding study. (amedeo.com)
  • Q/ Are oral emergency contraceptives a safe & effective form of long-term birth control? (thefreedictionary.com)
  • There are several ways to use hormonal birth control. (earthslab.com)
  • We found 22 trials that evaluated pericoital use of LNG and other hormonal drugs on a regular basis to prevent pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • WHIPPANY, N.J. & SAN DIEGO--( BUSINESS WIRE )--Bayer, a leader in women's health, and Daré Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ:DARE), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company committed to the advancement of innovative products for women's health, announced today that the companies have signed a license agreement under which Bayer may commercialize Daré's investigational contraceptive product, Ovaprene ® in the United States once approved by the FDA. (businesswire.com)
  • Ovaprene is an investigational hormone-free monthly vaginal contraceptive currently in clinical development for the prevention of pregnancy. (businesswire.com)
  • SAN DIEGO, Nov. 12, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Daré Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ:DARE), a leader in women's health innovation, today announced positive topline results from the Ovaprene postcoital test (PCT) clinical study, a multi-center, open-label, non-significant risk device pre-pivotal trial. (sandiegoonline.us)
  • It is characterized by hormonal disorders, endometrial hyperplasia, uterine fibroids and others. (justhealthlifestyle.com)
  • U.S. medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, 2016. (cdc.gov)
  • Although various surveys have been done on sexual behaviour of youth in Ethiopia, studies assessing the effect of emergency oral contraceptives on condom utilization of university students are lacking. (biomedcentral.com)