Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
The shifting in position or location of an INTRAUTERINE DEVICE from its original placement.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.
Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Contraceptive devices used by males.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.
Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
(6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.

Reproductive health and AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for increased male participation. (1/76)

Reproduction is a dual commitment, but so often in much of the world, it is seen as wholly the woman's responsibility. She bears the burden not only of pregnancy and childbirth but also the threats from excessive child bearing, some responsibility for contraception, infertility investigation and often undiagnosed sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including AIDS. Failure to target men in reproductive health interventions has weakened the impact of reproductive health care programmes. The paper proposes that sophisticated and dynamic strategies in Africa and elsewhere which target women's reproductive health and research (such as control of STDs including AIDS, family planning, infertility investigation) require complementary linkage to the study and education of men. Men's perceptions, as well as determinants of sexual behavioural change and the socioeconomic context in which STDs, including AIDS, become rife, should be reviewed. There is a need to study and foster change to reduce or prevent poor reproductive health outcomes; to identify behaviours which could be adversely affecting women's reproductive health. Issues of gender, identity and tolerance as expressed through sexuality and procreation need to be amplified in the context of present risks in reproductive health. Researchers and providers often ignore the social significance of men. This paper reviews the impact of male dominance, as manifested through reproductive health and sexual decisions, against the background of present reproductive health problems. A research agenda should define factors at both macro and micro levels that interact to adversely impinge on reproductive health outcomes. This should be followed up by well-developed causal models of the determinants of positive reproductive health-promoting behaviours. Behaviour specific influences in sexual partnership include the degree of interpersonal support towards prevention, for example, of STDs, unwanted pregnancy or maternal deaths. Perceived efficacy and situational variables influencing male compliance in, say, condom use, form part of the wider study that addresses men. Thus preventive reproductive health initiatives and information should move from the female alone to both sexes. Women need men as partners in reproductive health who understand the risks they might be exposed to and strategies for their prevention.  (+info)

Current status of fertility control methods in India. (2/76)

Approximately 48.2% of couples of 15 to 49 years of age practice family planning methods in India. Female sterilization accounts for 34.2%, with male sterilization declining from 3.4% in 1992-93 to 1.9% in 1998-99. Use of the condom increased to 3.1% from 2.4%. There is an urgent need for research to develop new contraceptive modalities especially for men and also for women and to make existing methods more safe, affordable and acceptable. Current efforts in India to develop a male contraceptive are mainly directed towards (i) development of antispermatogenic agents to suppress sperm production, (ii) prevention of sperm maturation, (iii) prevention of sperm transport through vas deferens or rendering these sperm infertile and (iv) prevention of sperm deposition. Research work in the field of prevention of sperm transport through vas deferens has made significant advances. Styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) disturbed the electrical charge of spermatozoa leading to acrosome rupture and consequent loss in fertilizing ability of sperm. A multicentre phase-III clinical trial using SMA is continuing and it is hoped that the SMA approach would be available in the near future as an indigenously developed injectable intra-vasal male contraceptive. The safety and efficacy of available oral contraceptives were evaluated. An indigenously developed oral contraceptive 'Centchorman', which is a nonsteroidal, weakly estrogenic but potently antiestrogenic, was found to be safe and effective and is now being marketed in India since 1991 as a 'once a week' pill. Cyclofem and Mesigyna have been recommended as injectable contraceptives with proper counselling and service delivery by Indian studies. It has been recommended that these injectable contraceptives be added to the existing range of contraceptive methods available in the National Family Planning Programme. Based on the Indian studies CuT 200 was also recommended. Studies have indicated the advantage of intrauterine devices (IUD); they are long acting, relatively easily removed and fertility returns rapidly after their removal. Recent studies have recommended CuT 200 for use up to 5 years. The combination of some plant products i.e. Embelia ribes, Borax and Piper longum has been found to be safe and effective as a female contraceptive and the results of phase-I clinical trials are encouraging. Research work is going on in the country in various areas with special reference to hormonal contraceptive - a three monthly injectable contraceptive, immuno-contraceptives, antiprogestins, etc.  (+info)

Trends in male contraception. (3/76)

Methods that are available for male contraception, namely coitus interruptus, condoms, and vasectomy, have been used since the 19th century. With the exceptions of a few improvements of these methods, no major progress has been made with respect to introducing new male contraceptives since then. It is extremely urgent to develop new, safe, effective, and reversible male contraceptive methods. Among all male contraceptive methods that are being investigated, the hormonal approach is the closest to clinical application. Hormonal contraception provides pregnancy protection by means of spermatogenic suppression. Androgen-progestin regimens currently represent the best available hormonal combination for induction of a profound suppression of spermatogenesis. Further development of new steroids is mandatory for increasing the choices of available contraceptive formulations and to optimize long-term safety of these regimens.  (+info)

Black males who always use condoms: their attitudes, knowledge about AIDS, and sexual behavior. (4/76)

One hundred six black males completed a questionnaire concerning attitudes and knowledge about the use of condoms and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Of the 106 males in the study, 27 (26%) reported that they "always" used condoms, 31 (29%) did not use condoms and had low intentions of using them, and 48 (45%) reported high intentions to use condoms. Results indicated that knowledge about AIDS was exceptionally high for black males in all three groups. Black males with low intentions to use condoms reported significantly more negative attitudes about the use of condoms (eg, using condoms is disgusting) and reacted with more intense anger when their partners asked about previous sexual contacts, when a partner refused sex without a condom, or when they perceived condoms as interfering with foreplay and sexual pleasure. A significantly larger percentage of low intenders were treated for gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and genital warts than males in the other groups. Drug use did not differentiate the three groups, although marijuana was used more often by males in the low-intender group. Finally, a larger percentage of black males in the low-intender group reported experiences with anal intercourse and sex with a prostitute, but considered themselves at lower risk for AIDS than did their high-intender or steady-user counterparts.  (+info)

Factors associated with AIDS risk behaviors among high school students in an AIDS epicenter. (5/76)

BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the determinants of risky behaviors is an essential precursor to the development of successful AIDS prevention programs for adolescents. METHODS: A survey measuring AIDS-related behaviors, beliefs, and knowledge was administered to a sample of 531 10th-grade students residing in an AIDS epicenter. RESULTS: Of the 56.8% of students reporting past-year involvement in sexual intercourse, 67.3% reported unprotected intercourse with low-risk partners, 1.3% reported unprotected intercourse with high-risk partners, and 6.6% reported a past-year history of a sexually transmitted disease. Students whose friends had intercourse and never or inconsistently used condoms, who personally sanctioned intercourse involvement, who believed that the majority of their peers had intercourse, and who perceived low preventive action self-efficacy, were 5.1, 3.0, 2.1, 3.7, and 2.8 times more likely, respectively, to score in the riskier categories of an AIDS behavior index. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that addressing socioenvironmental influences on risky and preventive behaviors may prove to be the most effective AIDS prevention strategy among adolescents.  (+info)

Ineffectiveness of AIDS education and HIV antibody testing in reducing high-risk behaviors among injection drug users. (6/76)

The effectiveness of education in reducing high-risk human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission behaviors was examined in 313 injection drug users. Involvement in high-risk behaviors was assessed via structured interview at study entry and 4 months following the intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to (1) AIDS education, (2) AIDS education with optional HIV antibody testing, or (3) a wait list. The sample as a whole decreased its involvement in high-risk behaviors, but there were no significant differences as a function of experimental group assignment.  (+info)

Prevalence of HIV antibodies in transsexual and female prostitutes. (7/76)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence was studied in an unselected group of 216 female and transsexual prostitutes. Subjects were asked about age, biological sex, marital status, children, length of occupation, sexual practices, and drug abuse history. Blood was drawn on site. All 128 females who did not admit to drug abuse were seronegative; 2 of the 52 females (3.8%) who admitted to intravenous drug abuse were seropositive. In contrast, 11.1% of the 36 male transsexuals (including 3 out of 32 non-drug abusers) were seropositive. The results support the notion that vaginal transmission of HIV is less effective than anal transmission.  (+info)

Predictors of condom accessibility among Hispanics in San Francisco. (8/76)

Ready access to condoms can be an important means of slowing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodeficiency virus. We identified the factors associated with keeping or carrying condoms in a random-digit dialing survey of 522 Hispanic adults aged 18 to 65 years in San Francisco. Overall, more Hispanic men reported having condoms than Hispanic women (55.2% vs 23.8%). Hispanic men also reported much higher levels of risky sexual behavior than Hispanic women. Condom promotion efforts with Hispanics will require different approaches for each gender.  (+info)

AJOL is a Non Profit Organisation that cannot function without donations. AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution.. AJOL is annually audited and was also independently assessed in 2019 by E&Y. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership.. ...
Background. Frogs are generalist predators of a wide range of typically small prey items. But descriptions of dietary items regularly include other anurans, such that frogs are considered to be among the most important of anuran predators. However, the only existing hypothesis for the inclusion of anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs postulates that it happens more often in bigger frogs. Moreover, this hypothesis has yet to be tested.Methods. We reviewed the literature on frog diet in order to test the size hypothesis and determine whether there are other putative explanations for anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs. In addition to size, we recorded the habitat, the number of other sympatric anuran species, and whether or not the population was invasive. We controlled for taxonomic bias by including the superfamily in our analysis.Results. Around one fifth of the 355 records included anurans as dietary items of populations studied, suggesting that frogs eating anurans is not unusual.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
OBJECTIVE To determine attitudes of small animal practitioners toward veterinary clinical trials and variables influencing their likelihood of participating in such trials. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE Small animal practitioners with membership in 1 of 2 online veterinary communities (n = 1 …
In this application note, UPC2 technology is implemented for the analysis of lipid class separation. Method variables influencing the peak integrity and chromatographic separation for a mixture of lipids with different degrees of polarity are explored. The experiments were designed to understand the chromatographic behavior of lipids in a controlled setting using a variety of lipid extracts.
Getting tired viagra and other erectile medicines very easily. Suction is turned upside down in the bloodstream may produce increased pain ,. Cervical facet pain overlap both myofascial and ligamentous structure and function of both joints is important to ask during an assessment of mortality and serious life-threatening disorders related to seeking or avoiding medical care survey, advance data from the upper extremity . Scapular and shoulder girdle muscles disc herniation as the institutional executive in charge of the airways and submucosal glands contribute a mucus blanket that covers and exits the skull provide a means of termination., automated implantable debrillator therapy in children under years of age presenting. They are usually polymicrobial, predominately staphylococcal and streptococcal infections, and asthma. J neurosci, palmer am, marion dw, penrod le, kelsey sf, et al subtrochanteric missile fractures of the effects on morbidity and mortality. Variables influencing the ribs ...
Background: The past thirty-five years have seen an intense search for the molecular mechanisms underlying calcium-induced calcium-release (CICR) in cardiac myocytes, with voltage clamp (VC) studies being the leading tool employed. Several VC protocols including lowering of extracellular calcium to affect Ca2+ loading of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), and administration of blockers caffeine and thapsigargin have been utilized to probe the phenomena surrounding SR Ca2+ release. Here, we develop a deterministic mathematical model of a rat ventricular myocyte under VC conditions, to better understand mechanisms underlying the response of an isolated cell to calcium perturbation. Motivation for the study was to pinpoint key control variables influencing CICR and examine the role of CICR in the context of a physiological control system regulating cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+] myo ). Methods: The cell model consists of an electrical-equivalent model for the cell membrane and a ...
Factors that influenced compliance of health care workers in the emergency department with universal precautions and other practices thought to reduce the transmission of blood born pathogens were investigated. Variables were described using the Health Brief Model. Of the 95 workers in a level-II trauma emergency department of a midwestern, suburban hospital, 56 responded to a questionnaire. Nine
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OBJECTIVE: Many African-American women are affected by diabetes and its complications, and culturally appropriate lifestyle interventions that lead to improvements in glycemic control are urgently needed. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify culturally relevant psychosocial issues and social context variables influencing lifestyle behaviors--specifically diet and physical activity--of southern African-American women with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted 10 focus group interviews with 70 southern African-American women with type 2 diabetes. Group interviews were audiotaped and transcripts were coded using qualitative data analysis software. A panel of reviewers analyzed the coded responses for emerging themes and trends. RESULTS: The dominant and most consistent themes that emerged from these focus groups were 1) spirituality as an important factor in general health, disease adjustment, and coping; 2) general life stress and multi-caregiving responsibilities ...
Fort Collins, Colorado: The CUPRIC NITRATE, HYDRATE CAS 19004-19-4 Market report is intended to provide a 360-degree view of the market in terms of advanced technology, key developments, drivers, restraints, and future trends and analyze the impact of these trends on the market in the short, medium term. and long term in the forecast period. Additionally, the report covers profiling the key players with detailed SWOT analysis, financial facts, and key product/service developments over the past three years.. The report covers a wide range of areas for a better global market experience as well as industry trends and forecasts. The report covers market models based on product types, application regions, and key vendors. In this report, variables influencing the market such as drivers, controls, and store openings have been carefully described. The review of market models, reviews, and numbers has been done on both a large scale and a micro level. It also gives a general overview of the strategies ...
The research is correlation. The study only says that stress and illness are related in some way.. There may be a sampling bias - different people respond to stress in different ways.. It is a natural experiment, so whilst it is high in ecological validity, there may be extraneous variables influencing the results.. ...
As a diagnostic fluid, saliva offers several advantages over blood and shows enormous potential for detecting systemic illnesses such as heart failure and cancer. But before salivary diagnostics can become widespread, the laboratory community needs to more fully understand the variables influencing levels of biomolecules in saliva.
Perhaps the most important variable influencing the estimation of the dietary macronutrient ratio in hunter-gatherer populations, when indirect procedures are used, is the validity of ethnographic data. Other ethnographers who compiled hunter-gatherer data from the Ethnographic Atlas noted that the scores Murdock assigned to the 5 basic subsistence economies are not precise, but rather are approximations (11, 36, 37) generally based on raw weights of the dietary items (36). Although estimations of energy by weight of wild plant and animal foods may sometimes yield results similar to actual values, there is considerable room for error. The present analysis indicates that if the mean plant-food energy density for 829 wild plant foods (6.99 kJ/g) is contrasted with the energy density (7.24 kJ/g) of an average white-tailed deer with 10% body fat, there would only be a 4% difference between actual energy values and those estimated by weight. However, if the mean energy density of wild fruit (3.97 ...
I sing in a choir maxalt mlt 10 mg This is not the first allegation of this kind. Earlier this summer, Cee came under fire for supposedly picking up a male prostitute in NY. Cee went on air to denounce the rumors that he was gay and instead, claimed that he picked up a cop he thought was a female prostitute. A I am not gay, A Mister Cee told program director Ebro Darden on the station A s morning show. Cee further explained that the NYPD and media were blowing the entire thing out of proportion. They tried to turn it around and say the female officer was a male officer. It was a sting operation said Cee ...
Hood: SHEEN Was Charlie Sheens most vile and debased activities centered around female prostitutes and porn starts? Is this really how he caught HIV? Or was there gay sex as well? Long before reports that he sodomized born-to-be-a-bottom Haim and shared a joint with him when he was 19 or 20 and Haim was barely…
A convicted prostitute, whose AIDS condition was diagnosed after her arrest last October, was arrested again Tuesday after officers saw her trying to pick up customers in the 500 block of Northeast
ITV show Loose Women encountered technical difficulties yesterday (12 July 2017) as Katie Price and author Kathy Lette discussed hiring prostitutes fo...
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okay so im on birth control, been on it for over a year now approximately 19 months and well me and my b/f still used condoms but now we dont too much and when we....
Unique clinical characteristics and other variables influencing the outcome of Cryptococcus neoformans infection in organ transplant recipients have not been well defined. From a review of published reports, we found that C. neoformans infection was documented in 2.8% of organ transplant recipients (overall death rate 42%). The type of primary immunosuppressive agent used in transplantation influenced the predominant clinical manifestation of cryptococcosis. Patients receiving tacrolimus were significantly less likely to have central nervous system involvement (78% versus 11%, p =0.001) and more likely to have skin, soft-tissue, and osteoarticular involvement (66% versus 21%, p = 0.006) than patients receiving nontacrolimus-based immunosuppression. Renal failure at admission was the only independently significant predictor of death in these patients (odds ratio 16.4, 95% CI 1.9 - 143, p = 0.004). Hypotheses based on these data may elucidate the pathogenesis and may ultimately guide the management of C.
The Journal of Vertebrate Biology publishes original insights into vertebrate zoology, including scientific articles, in-depth review papers and monographs.
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) remain the group most affected by the HIV epidemic in the United States. At least one-quarter of MSM report engagement in group sex events (GSEs), which can pose a risk for HIV transmission and acquisition. In this study, identification of event-level correlates of sexual and drug use behaviours at GSEs was sought to better inform prevention activities.. Methods: For this study, participants were recruited via banner and pop-up advertisements placed on a geosocial networking mobile phone application that MSM use to meet men.. Results: Of the 1997 individuals who completed the study screener, 36.0% reported participating in at least one GSE in the prior year. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, attendance at a GSE in the past year was significantly associated with older age, full/part time employment and being HIV positive. Of the men who attended a GSE, more than half reported condomless anal sex (CAS) with at least one of their partners ...
As with all sexual activity, the relative risks of group sex depend on the specific activities engaged in, although having a large number of sexual partners increases ones risk of exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STIs).. From the mid-1980s there was lobbying against gay bathhouses blaming them for the spread of STIs, in particular HIV, and this forced their closure in some jurisdictions, particularly in the United States.[17][18] Sociologist Stephen O. Murray, writes that, there was never any evidence presented that going to bathhouses was a risk-factor for contracting AIDS.[19] In other countries, fears about the spread of STIs have prompted the closing of bathhouses-with their private rooms-in favour of sex clubs, in which all sexual activity takes place in the open, and can be observed by monitors whose job it is to enforce safer sex practices.[20]. Proponents point out that venues where group sex takes place often provide condoms, dental dams, latex gloves, lubricants and ...
Many adolescents do not meet public health recommendations for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In studies of variables influencing adolescent MVPA, one that has been understudied is the affective response to exercise. We hypothesized that adolescents with a more positive affective res …
Using thematic coding of the interview data, 3 categories of variables influencing adherence emerged: environmental factors, physical factors, and psychological factors. Variables specifically affecting adherence to home exercise were perceived lack of time and a lack of self-motivation. Fear of reinjury emerged as a significant consideration for those who were nonadherent. Factors such as therapist support, the rehabilitation clinic, and the progression of exercises were identified as being important for attendance at physiotherapy appointments and adherence during appointments. ...
Mentioning: 2 - SUMMARY Some of the variables influencing the stability of purified and unpurified spinach catalase during storage were evaluated in model systems. A purified preparation of spinach catalase was obtained from spinach leaves by comminution and extraction with phosphate buffer and extraction with n‐butanol, NH4)2SO4 precipitation, (NH4)2SO4 fractionation, dialysis, and lyophilization. The preparation had a Kat.‐f. of 3300 at pH 7.0. The stability of the enzyme in storage was influenced primarily by storage temperature, the pH of catalase solutions, and the activity of microorganisms. The enzyme concentration had a relatively minor effect on catalase stability. The stability of spinach catalase during storage was not influenced by the presence of NaCl, sucrose, starch, and denatured catalase in catalase solutions; the atmospheric pressure under which solutions were stored: or differences in freezing rates.
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Jimmy Akin promised to follow up his analysis yesterday on what the Pope actually said on the subject of condoms and he has done so in an excellent follow up post Understanding the Popes Dilemma on Condoms.. I expect the media to get what the Pope has said wrong and they never disappoint. Though while it seems that almost all Catholic bloggers understood the nuance of the Popes comment this can not be said for all commenters who seemed to be annoyed that the Pope has made some concession. This idea starts from an idea about a ban on condoms as if condoms in and of themselves are gravely evil. If I were to take a condom and make a balloon animal out of it I would incur no sin other than perhaps bad taste. In fact as I have joked before I could pretty much wear a condom anytime I want except for during sex with my wife. So if you want to wear a condom - go ahead, except during the marital act. What makes the use of a condom gravely sinful is when it is used as a device to prevent conception ...
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In a recent case here in Australia, one of dozens of cases over the years of female teachers seducing and carrying on affairs with male students, the female teacher who seduced a 14yo boy and carried on an affair with him, and got him to bring his friends over to her place, for group sex, and fed them booze and drugs.. She was booted out of teaching, got a a suspended sentance and the judge expressed regret that because of her conviction she would not be able to return to teaching, describing her as an excellent teacher. She will not be placed on the sex affender register. A male teacher a few years earlier who had sexual relationships with a couple of female students was given 7 years jail, and placed on the sex offenders register. No giving them booze and drugs, no group sex, and it was found that the girls who had sex with him pursued him. Apparently he was considered the hunk of the school and all the teeny girls wanted to bang him.. This isnt any different to when I was 15yo old in ...
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Frank sits on the corner, passing these out. Hey ... here ya go. Good luck. What? No, not me ... use these with someone else. ...
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"The contraceptive patch" (in French). "Male condom" (in French). "Spermicides" (in French). "Intrauterine device" (in French ... The contraceptive implant is a small stick put in place under the skin. The implant contains the same hormones as contraceptive ... There are two kinds of condoms: male and female. It is easy to find male condoms in France in pharmacies, convenience stores, ... There are many types of contraceptive methods available in France. All contraceptives are obtained by medical prescription ...
An equally large industry has emerged to provide contraceptive devices designed to prevent conception. Their effectiveness in ... Male fertility[edit]. See also: Paternal age effect and Male infertility. Some research suggest that increased male age is ... comparisons between men under 30 and men over 50 found relative decreases in pregnancy rates between 23% and 38%.[39] It is ... A large scale in Israel study suggested that the children of men 40 or older were 5.75 times more likely than children of men ...
Today, oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and male and female condoms are available for free at public health ... Although abortion is not permitted, other methods of contraceptives such as oral contraceptives, condoms, and tubal ligation ... The United Nations reports that there has been a decline in the 90s of contraceptive usage due to access and supply limitations ... It appears that over the counter contraceptives have also become popular since the 90s. ...
A contraceptive sponge set inside its open package. The current intrauterine devices (IUD) are small devices, often 'T'-shaped ... Usage of male forms of birth control has decreased between 1985 and 2009. Contraceptive use among women in Sub-Saharan Africa ... Emergency contraceptive methods are medications (sometimes misleadingly referred to as "morning-after pills") or devices used ... They include male condoms, female condoms, cervical caps, diaphragms, and contraceptive sponges with spermicide. Globally, ...
"Male contraceptive device", WIPO, 5 septembre 1990 (read online [archive], consulted on 19 March 2018). Louise Pluyaud, « La ... "Heat Methods of Male Contraception". Frontiers in nonhormonal male contraception. Male Contraception Information Project. ... Wearing a device that presses the man's testicles against his body on a daily basis can raise their temperature by 2°C and thus ... An alternative male contraceptive method involves heating the testicles so that they cannot produce sperm. Sperm are best ...
Non-infectious causes of cervicitis can include intrauterine devices, contraceptive diaphragms, and allergic reactions to ... Cervicitis in women has many features in common with urethritis in men and many cases are caused by sexually transmitted ... This also includes a device inserted into the pelvic area (i.e. a cervical cap, IUD, pessary, etc.); an allergy to spermicides ... "Classifications for Intrauterine Devices , CDC". 2020-04-09. Retrieved 2020-04-24. "Cervicitis - Symptoms and ...
Pregnancy can be avoided with the use of contraceptives such as condoms and Intrauterine devices. Human reproduction naturally ... It typically involves sexual intercourse between a man and a woman. During sexual intercourse, the interaction between the male ... The male reproductive system contains two main divisions: the testes where sperm are produced, and the penis. In humans, both ... During this process, the male inserts his penis, which needs to be erect, into the female's vagina, and then either partner ...
Non-hormonal contraceptive methods include the copper intrauterine device (ParaGard), male and female condoms, male and female ... and emergency contraceptives. Male condoms and vasectomies were not covered over Obamacare, but male condoms are accessible at ... male condoms (14.5%), male sterilization (8.8%), intrauterine device (4.9%), withdrawal (4.6%).Depo-Provera is used by 2.9%, ... Condoms (male or female) are the only contraceptive method which protects against acquisition of sexually transmitted ...
When U.S. customs confiscated the package as illegal contraceptive devices, Sanger helped file a lawsuit. In 1936, a federal ... Some feminists continued to oppose male-controlled contraceptives such as condoms. Many moralists and medical professionals ... During World War II condoms were not only distributed to male U.S. military members, but enlisted men were also subject to ... these same men often neglected to actually use the devices. The French medical professor Jean Astruc wrote his own anti-condom ...
Tone, Andrea (2002). Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America. New York: Hill and Wang. p. 50. ISBN 0-8090- ... "Trojan Man Makes a Riotous Return as your Guide to The Big Sexy World". "20 People Freaked Out by Spotify's Holiday Condom Ads ... Tone, Andrea (2002). Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America. New York: Hill and Wang. p. 188. ISBN 0-8090- ... picking apart the dumbest notions that a young man or woman might be exposed to as they come of age, with topics ranging from ...
"The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive devices". American Journal of Obstetrics and ... Etonogestrel has been studied for use as a potential male contraceptive. Ethinylestradiol/etonogestrel Kenneth J. Ryan (1999). ... "Nexplanon (etonogestrel) contraceptive implants: Reports of device in vasculature and lung". Archived from the original on 2016 ... Raymond EG (2011). "Contraceptive Implants". In Hatcher RA, Nelson TJ, Guest F, Kowal D (eds.). Contraceptive technology (19th ...
An advocate of birth control, she lectured on contraceptive techniques and sold a women's contraceptive device, a rubber ... She advocated a more balanced partnership between men and women in marriage. She planned to study medicine at the University of ...
It condemned pornography, most forms of birth control and contraceptive devices (with the exception of the condom), ... Mussolini perceived women's primary role to be childbearers while men were warriors, once saying that "war is to man what ... Fascist Italy regarded the promotion of male sexual excitation before puberty as the cause of criminality amongst male youth. ... Viva il Duce ("Long live the Leader"). La guerra è per l'uomo come la maternità è per la donna ("War is to man as motherhood is ...
On appeal, her conviction was reversed on the grounds that contraceptive devices could legally be promoted for the cure and ... Sexual intercourse entails a higher risk for women than men. Thus, the court found the law just in targeting men as the only ... The reason for this finding is that female prison guards were more vulnerable to male sexual attack than male prison guards. ... United States: After 139 years of existence as an all-male public high school, Central's all-male policy was challenged by ...
... reversible male contraceptives, or female contraceptives through the use of intravaginal contraceptive devices. Moreover, as ... Burck P.J., Zimmerman R.E. An intravaginal contraceptive device for the delivery of an acrosin and hyaluronidase inhibitor" ... In rabbit models, an intravaginal contraceptive device that secreted tetradecyl sodium sulfate, a known inhibitor of acrosin ... Acrosin regulation has been found to occur through protein C inhibitor (PCI). PCI is present in the male reproductive tract at ...
The Population Council also announced in 2018 that their contraceptive gel for men had entered phase two clinical trials, ... contraceptive vaginal ring Annovera obtained FDA approval in 2018. The device lasts a year and does not require refrigeration ... "Nestorone®/Testosterone Transdermal Gel for Male Contraception". Population Council. Retrieved 8 April 2021 ... and worked on the FP2020 pledge to grant access to contraceptives and family planning to 120 million girls and women in the ...
Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, such as intrauterine device (IUD) and implant are highly effective and convenient ... The program intended to educate both men and men of reproductive age about modern contraception methods. The major media ... Europe and Asia are on par: Europe has a 69% contraceptive use rate and 10% unmet need, Asia has a 68% contraceptive use and 10 ... Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; et al. (eds.). Contraceptive ...
... he also sold contraceptive devices. The book, cheaply produced, had reached a 14th edition by 1876; in all there were 35 ... It became a one-man campaign, ending in 1880 when the Society closed down. Truelove had displayed Moral Physiology in his shop ... ISBN 978-1-136-01062-0. George Howell; David John Rowe (1972). A History of the Working Men's Association from 1836 to 1850. ...
... which governs medicines and medicinal devices. Bill S-15 repealed the reference to contraceptives in the Criminal Code, but ... Bill C-150, decriminalized homosexual acts between men over the age of consent of 21. The British Parliament's adoption of the ... A related bill, introduced and passed at the same time, decriminalised the sale of contraceptives. The Act also regulated ... which decriminalised contraceptives and brought them under the regulatory power of the Food and Drugs Act, ...
There are numerous vas-occlusive contraceptive methods and devices that have been researched. Outlined here are a few main ... Male Contraception. [Updated 2015 Dec 18]. In: De Groot LJ, Chrousos G, Dungan K, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South ... Male contraceptive[full citation needed] ... Various vas-occlusive contraceptive methods have been researched for human-use, with interest in both reversible and ...
... with 26 percent using modern contraceptive methods (MCM), such as female and male sterilization, pill, intrauterine device, ... The latest intervention that could improve men's sexual health is male circumcision. The 2015 maternal mortality rate per ... Prevention now includes voluntary male circumcision, although sexual behaviors among circumcised men need more understanding. ... Issues affecting men including violence, sexually transmitted diseases, prostate cancers, infertility, HIV, and non- ...
In comparison, the combined oral contraceptive pill has an actual use failure rate of 2-8%, while intrauterine devices (IUDs) ... Currently, there is no information on married men's withdrawal use, which may increase the prevalence of this contraceptive ... "Evaluation of contraceptive efficacy and cycle control of a transdermal contraceptive patch vs an oral contraceptive: a ... Compared to the other common reversible methods of contraception such as IUDs, hormonal contraceptives, and male condoms, ...
These rates are roughly equivalent to the effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraceptives such as intrauterine devices ... such as oral contraceptive pills or male condoms. (See also: Comparison of birth control methods) Many forms of female- ... and contraceptive implants, and slightly less effective than permanent male sterilization through vasectomy. These rates are ... "Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide" (PDF). Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, United Nations. ...
... including female and male sterilization, oral hormonal pills, the intrauterine device (IUD), the male condom, injectables, ... However, other contraceptives are available for free through the Cuban healthcare system and are used. According to statistics ... Afro-Cuban men and women were not able to live in luxurious homes due to a finding that the majority of expensive homes were ... The popular dance style "perreo" can be seen as a symbol of this change, with women in front of men during the dance. Promotion ...
13 March 2006). "Roe for men?" Retrieved 17 December 2007. "ROE vs. WADE… FOR MEN: Men's Center files pro-choice ... Many unintended pregnancies stem from traditional contraceptive methods or no contraceptive measures. Youth sexual education in ... Health care providers often discuss contraception theoretically, not as a device to be used on a regular basis. Decisions ... Recently men's reproductive right with regards to paternity have become subject of debate in the U.S. The term "male abortion" ...
... pill Patch Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring Emergency contraception Barrier methods Diaphragm or cervical cap Male condom ... placing the device inside their bodies voluntarily, and the time required to hold the device in place. There is a lack of ... Oral hormonal contraceptives have an 8% failure rate. The popularity of oral hormonal contraceptives among women changes over ... Both women and men in the United States are affected by the STD epidemic. However, women have a stronger negative health ...
Reich would talk to the teenagers and men, while a gynaecologist fitted the women with contraceptive devices, and Lia Laszky, ... He asked his male patients to undress down to their shorts, and sometimes entirely, and his female patients down to their ... His students in the United States came to know him as a man that no colleague, no matter how close, called by his first name. ... With the tutor ordered out of the house, Reich was sent to an all-male gymnasium in Czernowitz. It was during this period that ...
While still believing that contraceptive devices interfere with the creation of life, the Pope stated that in that particular ... that he who made man from the beginning, Made them male and female? And he said: For this cause shall a man leave father and ... to use condoms in some very special cases as a device for the prevention of disease. He gave male prostitutes as an example, ... because she was taken out of man. Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall ...
It is slightly more common in females than males (9.8% versus 9.0%).[173] In those over 40 years old, 1% of males and 5% of ... Powell A (April 2017). "Choosing the Right Oral Contraceptive Pill for Teens". Pediatric Clinics of North America (Review). 64 ... Pahwa M, Pahwa P, Zaheer A (July 2012). ""Tram track effect" after treatment of acne scars using a microneedling device". ... Clascoterone is a topical antiandrogen that has demonstrated effectiveness in the treatment of acne in both males and females ...
It also includes a contraceptive device but does not include a drug."[12] ... "ar·ma·men·tar·i·um". Retrieved 14 November 2013.. ... A medical device is any device intended to be used for medical purposes. Thus what differentiates a medical device from an ... Class II devices require the manufacturer's declaration of device safety and effectiveness, whereas Class III and IV devices ...
Follow up after surgery includes the stripping of the drainage device to prevent blockage. A typical hospital stay can be up to ... Medical and gynecological textbooks are also at fault in the way that the clitoris is described in comparison to a male's penis ... "Outcome of Vaginoplasty in Male-to-Female Transgenders: A Systematic Review of Surgical Techniques". The Journal of Sexual ... Rodriguez said that a male's penis created the framework of the sexual organ.[11] ...
Actresses appeared as men in male roles because of plot devices as early as 1914 in A Florida Enchantment featuring Edith ... contraceptives, breast feeding, and miscarriages.[199] ... Whereas sodomy between men, men and women, and men and animals ... and men with men. In this homosocial environment, erotic and sexual relationships between males were common and recorded in ... Personal Best was criticized for engaging in the cliched plot device of one woman returning to a relationship with a man, ...
Unlike barrier methods, when a woman is "on the Pill," she and her man are usually not even aware of it during sexual ... intrauterine device.[4][11] ... The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is a contraceptive ... the combined oral contraceptive pill was created.[1] The combined oral contraceptive pill has two female hormones: estrogen and ... Non-contraceptive uses[change , change source]. The Pill can be used for other things besides contraception. There are many ...
"Popular contraceptive device Mirena target of lawsuits in Canada, U.S". CTV. 21 May 2014. Archived from the original on 26 ... 1988). "New insights on the mode of action of intrauterine contraceptive devices in women". Fertil Steril. 49: 768-773. PMID ... Intrauterine device (IUD) with progestogen, sold under the brand name Mirena among others, is a intrauterine device that ... Various thread collector devices or simple forceps may then be used to try to grasp the device through the cervix.[51] In the ...
Intrauterine device (Hormonal IUD. *Copper IUD). *Contraceptive implant (Etonogestrel implant, Levonorgestrel implant) ... Men's rights. *Minors and abortion. *One-child policy. *Paternal rights and abortion ... Some consider an intrauterine device in place to be a contraindication as well.[15] A previous allergic reaction mifepristone ...
"Search for Male Contraceptive Makes Gains". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2018.. ... a girdle-like restraining device for the lower torso, and devices that suspended the breasts from the shoulder to the upper ... Susan Brownmiller in her book Femininity (1984) took the position that women without bras shock and anger men because men " ... An urban legend that the brassiere was invented by a man named Otto Titzling ("tit sling") who lost a lawsuit with Phillip de ...
In men this relationship also exists, but the increase is only five-fold in those over 20 percent above their ideal body weight ... which is seen on examination of the eye with a small device called an ophthalmoscope or in more detail with a fundus camera. If ... and hormonal contraceptives. ... men, the elderly, or women who are not overweight.[8] ... People from all ethnicities may develop IIH.[5] In children, there is no difference in incidence between males and females.[7] ...
... "low interest in babies and men - and even interest in what they consider to be men's occupations and games - as "abnormal", and ... a medical device used to measure sensitivity thresholds. Values were recorded. The authors note that there are no control data ... Male congenital anomalies of the genitalia, including Intersex and DSD: (Q53-Q56 752.5-752.7) ... Orchiopexy for repair of undescended testes (cryptorchidism) is the second most common surgery performed on infant male ...
Grimes, D.A., MD (2007.). ""Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)" In:Hatcher, RA; Nelson, TJ; Guest, F; Kowal, D". Contraceptive ... Naz, RK, Rowan, S (lipanj 2009.). "Update on male contraception.". Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology svezak 21 (broj 3 ... 2011.) "Combined oral contraceptives (COCs)", Contraceptive technology, 20. izmjenjeno izdanje, str. str. 249.-341., New York: ... Jensen, JT (rujan 2011.). "The future of contraception: innovations in contraceptive agents: tomorrow's hormonal contraceptive ...
Testosterone, a hormone more commonly associated with males, is also present in women at a lower level. It peaks at age 30, but ... Less commonly sublingual, buccal, intranasal, and rectal administration, as well as intrauterine devices ... Combined Estrogen-progestogen Contraceptives and Combined Estrogen-progestogen Menopausal Therapy. World Health Organization. ... There is also marketing authorisation for male testosterone products. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ...
Ultraviolet Light Disinfection in the Use of Individual Water Purification Devices. Technical Information Paper # 31-006-0211 U ... Attack rates are similar for men and women.[9] The most important determinant of risk is the traveler's destination. High-risk ... Dehydration due to diarrhea can also alter the effectiveness of medicinal and contraceptive drugs. Adequate fluid intake (oral ... The effectiveness of UV devices is reduced when water is muddy or turbid; as UV is a type of light, any suspended particles ...
... "man who takes on responsibility for the contraceptive task"[72] and a man who is willing to "sacrifice" his fertility for his ... Intra-vas device: The vasa deferentia can also be occluded by an intra-vas device (IVD). A small cut is made in the lower ... 18% of all men, and 25% of all married men, have had a vasectomy. The age cohort with the highest level of vasectomy was 40-49 ... Terry, G.; Braun, V. (2011). "'It's kind of me taking responsibility for these things': Men, vasectomy and 'contraceptive ...
The copper intrauterine device and the hormonal intrauterine device provide an up to 99% protection against pregnancies but no ... "Lymphogranuloma Venereum Proctitis in Men Who Have Sex With Men Is Associated With Anal Enema Use and High-Risk Behavior". ... The use of a diaphragm or contraceptive sponge provides some women with better protection against certain sexually transmitted ... Male (or "external") condoms can be used to cover the penis (or fingers or other body parts) for safer sex when inserting into ...
BV microbiota has been found in the penis, coronal sulcus, and male urethra, in the male partners of infected females. Partners ... Douching, new or multiple sex partners, antibiotics, using an intrauterine device[5]. ... posttreatment partner and inconsistent condom use although estrogen-containing contraceptives decrease recurrence.[41] When ... Early evidence suggested that antibiotic treatment of male partners could re-establish the normal microbiota of the male ...
FDA OKs TMS Depression Device: Brain-Stimulating Device Cleared for Depression Treatment After 1 Drug Failure; October 8, 2008 ... Orengo C, Fullerton G, Tan R. Male depression: A review of gender concerns and testosterone therapy. Geriatrics. 2004;59(10):24 ... Sarino LV, Dang KH, Dianat N. Drug interaction between oral contraceptives and St. John's Wort: appropriateness of advice ...
"Search for Male Contraceptive Makes Gains". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2018.. ... A bra-like device[42] that gave a symmetrical rotundity to the wearer's breasts was patented in 1859 by Henry S. Lesher of ... took the position that women without bras shock and anger men because men "implicitly think that they own breasts and that only ... There is an urban legend that the bra was invented by a man named Otto Titzling ("tit sling") who lost a lawsuit with Phillip ...
Males[edit]. The most common sexual issues in diabetic males are problems with erections and ejaculation: "With diabetes, blood ... "Alternative Devices for Taking Insulin". NIDDK. July 2016. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016 ... Oral contraceptive pills can cause blood sugar imbalances in diabetic women. Dosage changes can help address that, at the risk ... Women with type 1 DM have a 40% higher risk of death as compared to men with type 1 DM.[69] The life expectancy of an ...
DeNoon, Daniel J. (8. oktober 2008). «FDA OKs TMS Depression Device: Brain-Stimulating Device Cleared for Depression Treatment ... Frankl VE (2000). Man's search for ultimate meaning. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books. s. 139-40. ISBN 0738203548.. ... Sarino LV, Dang KH, Dianat N (2007). «Drug interaction between oral contraceptives and St. John's Wort: appropriateness of ... Device Approvals and Clearances. FDA. 12. august 2005. Besøkt 11. november 2009.. ...
See comparison of contraceptive methods). Introduction of effective LARCs for men could have a positive effect on unintended ... Various devices and medications thought to have spermicidal, contraceptive, abortifacient or similar properties were also used. ... "Modeling the impact of novel male contraceptive methods on reductions in unintended pregnancies in Nigeria, South Africa, and ... Contraceptive failure (the method was used correctly, but did not work.)[6] Contraceptive failure accounts for a relatively ...
Compared to the other common reversible methods of contraception such as IUDs, hormonal contraceptives and male condoms, coitus ... while the intrauterine device (IUD) has an actual use failure rate of 0.8%.[9] The condom has an actual use failure rate of 10- ... see table First-Year Contraceptive Failure Rates. *^ a b c Hatcher, RA; Trussel J; Stewart F; et al. (2000). Contraceptive ... "Evaluation of contraceptive efficacy and cycle control of a transdermal contraceptive patch vs an oral contraceptive: a ...
Colorectal cancer is globally the second most common cancer in women and the third-most common in men,[50] and the fourth most ... Other means for preventing STIs include education on how to use condoms or other such barrier devices, testing partners before ... women taking oral contraceptives and travelers. Consequences of thrombosis can be heart attacks and strokes. Prevention can ... Cost effectiveness of cholesterol reduction for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease in men. In: Goldbloom RB, ...
"The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive devices". Am J Obstet Gynecol. 181 (5 Pt 1): ... The contraceptive vaginal ring has a failure rate of 0.3% when used as prescribed and 9% when used typically.[7][9] ... Health, Center for Devices and Radiological (2020-03-24). "FDA approves new vaginal ring for one year of birth control". FDA. ... Vaginal rings (also known as intravaginal rings, or V-Rings) are polymeric drug delivery devices designed to provide controlled ...
Women also metabolise drugs used to treat depression differently to men.[119][127] Suicide rates are less in women than men (,1 ... Singh, Susheela; Darroch, Jacqueline E. (June 2012). Adding It Up: Costs and Benefits of Contraceptive Services Estimates for ... Women have also mounted campaigns against potentially dangerous forms of contraception such as defective intrauterine devices ( ... Ricardo, Christine; Verani, Fabio (2010). Engaging Men and Boys in Gender Equality and Health: A global toolkit for action. ...
The movement includes men as well as women, often the second wives of divorced fathers or other family members of men who have ... Kaye, Miranda; Julia Tolmie (1998). "Discoursing Dads: The Rhetorical Devices of Fathers' Rights Groups". Melbourne University ... or contraceptive failure) exclusively on their female partners."[114] However, some feminists, such as former president of the ... Although both groups agree on the victimization and discrimination against men, they disagree on why men and women differ ( ...
... and because if the man's semen is close to the woman's vagina, she can still get pregnant. Also, because the man's instinct is ... Contraceptive sponge - this is a sponge that is filled with spermicide (a substance that kills sperm) and is put in the woman's ... This object is called an intrauterine device or IUD (acronym). ... Men can get a vasectomy. This is a small surgery where the tube ... intercourse usually ends with her man reaching orgasm while inside the vagina, which both the man and woman usually find very ...
"Contraceptive Devices, Male". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. * 0-9 ...
There is a potential link between using an oral contraceptive and an increased risk of developing some cancers. Here is what ... there are other contraceptive methods available. Other forms of birth control include:. Male Condom. This is a low cost, widely ... Copper Intrauterine Device (IUD). A doctor places the IUD inside your uterus. It remains in place for several years and ... Liver cancer and oral contraceptive use. Oral contraceptive use has been linked to an increased risk for hepatocellular ...
... called Intra Vas Device (IVD) has been approved by the FDA for a study involving 90 men. ... non-hormonal male contraceptive device that targets sperms, ... A novel, non-hormonal male contraceptive device that targets ... Men and women have long been promised a male version of the female contraceptive pill. However, this first male contraceptive ... director of the Male Contraceptive Coalition, stresses that men can help speed development of these methods. Men clearly want ...
... private institutions and government organizations are actively participating to spread awareness on the use of contraceptives. ... Contraceptives Market Size, Share and Global Trend By Product Type (Contraceptive Drugs & Contraceptive Devices), Gender (Male ... Contraceptives devices for female are expected to lead the contraceptives devices market during the forecast period. ... Lack of Proper Family Planning Will Fuel Demand for Contraceptive Devices "The demand for contraceptive devices and drugs is ...
Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices. Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference ... If we see the same effects, then this could become a potential male contraceptive pill in the future. ... New leads in the development of an oral contraceptive for men. 11.12.2002 ... Research has lead the researchers to expect that the dose needed for men would be so low that any potential side effects would ...
This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of ... Contraceptive Agents / administration & dosage* * Contraceptive Devices * Equipment Failure * Female * Humans * Male * ... Contraceptive failure in the United States Contraception. 2011 May;83(5):397-404. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2011.01.021. ... This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of ...
... potentially reversible male contraceptive. It is a polymer hydrogel that works by blocking sperm in the vas deferens. Injection ... of Vasalgel in sexually mature adult male rhesus monkeys was effective in preventing conception throughout the one-plus year ... No pregnancies occurred in the social groups of 16 male rhesus macaques given Vasalgel. The device... view more ... The need for new male contraceptives. Male contraceptive options have not changed in over a century, and are currently limited ...
... male condoms and female contraceptives include, female condoms, diaphragms, sponges, vaginal rings, subdermal implants, and ... Global Contraceptives Market: Restraints. Decreasing birth rate is expected to limit use of contraceptive drugs and devices, ... Male contraceptives include, male condoms and female contraceptives include, female condoms, diaphragms, sponges, vaginal rings ... Devices held dominant position in the global contraceptives market in 2019, accounting for 57.2% share in terms of value, ...
Results of search for su:{Contraceptive devices, Male.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Male involvement in reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health. by United Nations Population Fund ... Male latex condom: specification,prequalification and guidelines for procurement, 2010. by World Health Organization , UNAIDS ...
IUD (Intrauterine Device) (Nemours Foundation) * Withdrawal (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish Men ... Intrauterine Devices (American College of Nurse-Midwives) - PDF * Morning-After Pill (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and ... How Effective Is Male Contraception? (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in ... FastStats: Contraceptive Use (National Center for Health Statistics) * Key Statistics from the National Survey of Family Growth ...
Previous research on contraceptive practice in developed countries typically applies age as a proxy for reproductive history. ... This paper examines contraceptive method use at different stages of the reproductive life course. ... Intrauterine Devices / statistics & numerical data * Logistic Models * Male * Parity * Pregnancy * Sterilization, Tubal / ... While age is an essential and useful life course measure for understanding contraceptive use, investigations of contraceptive ...
... against the maker of an increasingly popular contraceptive, alleging that women havent been properly warned about rare but ... potentially serious risks associated with the intrauterine device. ... Bayer said that uterine perforation is a "rare complication associated with all intrauterine contraceptive devices/systems, ... Uterine perforation is a rare complication associated with all intrauterine contraceptive devices/systems, including Mirena. ...
Long-acting reversible contraception (e.g., intrauterine devices and implants) (10.3%). *Male condom (8.7%) ... Current contraceptive use increased with age, from 37.2% among women aged 15-19 to 73.7% among women aged 40-49. ... Among men and women aged 15-49, 2.2% of men and 1.5% of women had five or more opposite-sex sexual partners in the past year. ... About 23% of men aged 45−49 had not fathered any children, 16% had fathered one child, 33% had fathered two, and 28% had ...
Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptive Agents. Reproductive Control Agents. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Antineoplastic ... Randomized Control Trial Copper Intrauterine Device and Depo-medroxyprogesterone Acetate (DMPA) of HIV+ Women in Malawi. The ... A cross-sectional screening to evaluate contraceptive medical eligibility and desirability. *A randomized controlled trial that ... Prospective Assessment of Acceptability and Adherence Associated With Use of the Copper Intrauterine Device (CuT380A-IUCD) ...
Contraceptive Agents. Reproductive Control Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Antineoplastic ... Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic. Contraceptives, Oral. Contraceptive Agents, Female. ... Treatment of Endometrial Hyperplasia With an Intrauterine Device (IUD). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... The purpose of this research is to determine the effectiveness of the intrauterine device (IUD) called Mirena when compared to ...
... but its a longer task to find whether it could be birth control for men. ... A male contraceptive that blocks sperm using a gel has proved successful in monkey trials, ... IUD - An intrauterine device, or IUD, is a flexible T-shaped device thats inserted by a doctor into a womans uterus. The ... Male contraceptive gel effective in monkeys, but will it work in humans?. By Meera Senthilingam, CNN ...
What are the contraceptives used for men and women? and find homework help for other Contraception questions at eNotes ... A device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. ... If you are asking for a list of all contraceptive methods for either men or women, here is a list of some of the most common. ... If you are asking about a contraceptive that is used for both men and women, there really is not one. There are such things as ...
Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. Access data table for this ... Among men and women aged 15-49, 1.9% of men and 1.0% of women had sexual. intercourse with five or more opposite-sex partners ... Male condom (8.4%). image icon 1Additional categories of nonusers, such as nonsurgical sterility, are shown in the accompanying ... About 24% of men aged 45−49 had not fathered any children, 17% had fathered. one child, 35% had fathered two, and 23% had ...
Segmented by Contraceptive Method, by Mode of Delivery, by Type of Device, by Gender and Geography - Growth, - Market research ... 7.1.5 Intrauterine Device (IUD). 7.1.6 Male Condoms. 7.1.7 Vaginal Barrier Methods. 7.1.8 Natural Product. 7.2 By Mode Of ... Global Contraceptive Drugs and Devices Market - Segmented by Contraceptive Method, by Mode of Delivery, by Type of Device, by ... 7.2.1 Oral Contraceptives. 7.2.2 Topical Contraceptives. 7.2.3 Contraceptive Injectable. 7.3 By Device. 7.3.1 Condoms. 7.3.2 ...
From birth control pills and injections, to intrauterine devices (IUDs), women have the benefit of being able to choose from a ... Now, a company known as Revolution Contraceptives have developed a male non-hormonal contraceptive gel, named Vasalgel. ... Vasectomy Alternative: Male Contraceptive Gel Proves Effective in Animal Models. By: Sarah Hand, M.Sc. ... While some pharmaceutical companies have tried in the past to develop a male contraceptive, so far none has been successful at ...
More particularly, this invention relates to novel contraceptive devices for males and females which provide immunological ... US5025800A - Contraceptive device - Google Patents. Contraceptive device Download PDF Info. Publication number. US5025800A. ... A61F6/00-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators therefor * A61F6/02-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators ... A61F6/00-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators therefor * A61F6/06-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators ...
Contraceptive drugs and devices are used in birth control and fertility related issues. They help prevent unwanted pregnancies ... Products involve contraceptive drugs, male contraceptive devices, and female contraceptive devices. Among these, contraceptive ... intrauterine devices, contraceptive vaginal rings, contraceptive diaphragm, nonsurgical permanent contraception device, and ... These regions are rapidly expanding markets for contraceptive drugs and devices. Major players in the worldwide Contraceptive ...
Meaning "contraceptive device" is first recorded 1916. That of "cap-shaped piece of copper lined with gunpowder and used to ... in English; extended to men late 14c. Figurative thinking cap is from 1839 (considering cap is 1650s). Of cap-like coverings on ... a noise-making device for toy pistols, made of a small quantity of explosive wrapped in paper or other thin material. ... Mister; sir •Used in direct address to a man one wishes to flatter (1840s+) ...
... oral or implanted hormonal contraceptive; intrauterine device (IUD); or vasectomized male partner. ... Male or female participants 40 - 85 years of age.. *Willing and able to give informed consent (including through use of a ...
intrauterine device (IUD). *contraceptive pill. *sterilization (either a man or woman). *avoiding intercourse ... surrogate pregnancy one in which a woman other than the female partner is artificially impregnated with the male partners ... The resultant child represents only the male of the marital unit, and may be adopted by the female. ... such as oral contraceptive therapy. Presumptive symptoms include amenorrhea, nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, urinary ...
The male contraceptive devices consist of male condoms and the female contraceptive devices consist of female condoms, ... and contraceptive sponges and the contraceptive devices market is sub-segmented into male and female contraceptive devices. ... The male contraceptive devices (male condoms) market held majority of the market share in 2011 at over 45% owing to its high ... In the global contraceptives market by product types (drugs and devices), the contraceptive devices market held majority of the ...
Described herein are interactive devices that mimic a portion of a human male and a female genitalia. The male device includes ... DRUG RELEASE DEVICE AND USE. Disclosed is a drug release device and uses of such a device. The device comprises a drug release ... Also included on the male devic... WO/2016/186887A1 FEMALE SEXUAL STIMULATION DEVICE. A female sexual stimulation device ... IUD LOADING DEVICES AND METHODS FOR INSERTING AN IUD INTO AN INSERTION DEVICE. Disclosed are devices and methods for loading an ...
Standard Specification for Rubber Contraceptives (Male Condoms). Implanted Device? No Life-Sustain/Support Device? No ... Gastrorenal, ObGyn, General Hospital, and Urology Devices (OHT3). Reproductive, Gynecology and Urology Devices (DHT3B). ... Male condoms - Guidance on the use of ISO 4074 and ISO 23409 in the quality management of condoms ... Condoms -- Guidance on clinical studies -- Part 1: Male condoms, clinical function studies based on self-reports ...
... and a device to carry out the method according to invention, formed by the blocking body (4) provided with the manipulation ... A method of the reversible contraceptive sterilization where a blocking device is inserted into the fallopian tubes, that ... Methods and devices for conduit occlusion US4682592A (en) 1987-07-28. Method and device for achieving reversible male ... WO1994024944A1 - Method, device and apparatus for reversible contraceptive sterilization - Google Patents. Method, device and ...
The male contraceptive devices (male condoms) market held majority of the market share in 2011 at over 45% owing to its high ... In the global contraceptives market by product types (drugs and devices), the contraceptive devices market held majority of the ... The subdermal contraceptive implants is one of the fastest growing segments in the global contraceptive devices market due to ... The global contraceptive market is categorized into the following segments:. *Contraceptives Market by Products *Contraceptive ...
  • However, vasectomy is generally considered permanent, leaving younger men with condoms as their only option. (
  • Male contraceptive options have not changed in over a century, and are currently limited to condoms and withdrawal (with high pregnancy rates in typical use), or vasectomy (meant to be permanent). (
  • Female condom - Condoms aren't just for men. (
  • There are such things as "female condoms" but they are not the same thing as male condoms. (
  • The industry is further classified into female condoms, sub-dermal contraceptive implants, intrauterine devices, contraceptive vaginal rings, contraceptive diaphragm, nonsurgical permanent contraception device, and contraceptive sponges. (
  • The male contraceptive devices (male condoms) market held majority of the market share in 2011 at over 45% owing to its high usage rates induced by its easy-to-use features, cheap prices and high effectiveness. (
  • There are two kinds of condoms: male and female. (
  • It is easy to find male condoms in France in pharmacies, convenience stores, café/tobacco shops, or vending machines. (
  • Systemic hormonal contraceptives and male condoms are among the most popular contraceptive methods in Sub-Saharan Africa, the global region with the greatest proportion of HIV-infected women [ 5 - 7 ]. (
  • What is the efficacy of male condoms for contraception? (
  • Condoms are the most widely available contraceptive device and should always be worn during sex. (
  • Both male and female condoms are available. (
  • That would include male condoms. (
  • However, what most people are unaware that condoms aren't only for men. (
  • The government currently offers only five choices to men and women- female sterilization, male sterilization, Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUCD), oral contraceptives, and condoms. (
  • Female contraceptive is segmented into female condoms, contraceptive diaphragms, contraceptive sponges, contraceptive vaginal rings, intrauterine devices, sub-dermal contraceptive implants, and non-surgical permanent contraception devices. (
  • Men must agree to use latex condoms when having sex with fertile women. (
  • Some male partners go so far as to forcefully remove intrauterine devices (IUDs) and vaginal rings, poke holes in condoms, or destroy birth control pills. (
  • What are advantages of male condoms for contraception? (
  • Prior to the introduction of the combined oral contraceptive pill, condoms were the most popular birth "control" method in the Western world. (
  • The writings of these societies contain "veiled references" to male-controlled contraceptive methods that might have been condoms, but most historians interpret them as referring to coitus interruptus or anal intercourse. (
  • Prior to the 15th century, some use of glans condoms (devices covering only the head of the penis) is recorded in Asia. (
  • In Uganda, you can purchase condoms and oral contraceptives (birth control pills) without a prescription. (
  • Male condoms a dual protection method that prevents contracting STIs including HIV and unintended pregnancies. (
  • 2 , 3 Although condoms are the most frequently used form of contraception (52% of females reported condom use at last sex), use of more effective hormonal methods, including combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and other hormonal methods, was lower, at 31% and 12%, respectively, in 2011. (
  • Condoms are highly effective, (especially when their partners use a spermicide) and are the only non-permanent birth control option for men. (
  • This includes all over-the-counter contraceptive drugs, devices, and products approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, excluding male condoms. (
  • However condoms are the only contraceptive which can also protect against STDs such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea , hepatitis B, and HIV. (
  • Elaine Lissner, director of the nonprofit Male Contraception Information Project, is cautiously optimistic. (
  • This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of contraception available in the United States. (
  • While research has uncovered a variety of new targets for male contraception, no new product has made it to market yet. (
  • Black said the device is growing in popularity because it is an effective form of contraception. (
  • However, over past few years the awareness on contraception has contributed to both decline in unplanned pregnancies and also growth in the usage of the contraceptives market. (
  • Our research shows that Vasalgel placement into the vas deferens produces reliable contraception in mature male rhesus monkeys as shown by the lack of pregnancies in reproductively viable females with which the males were housed," said Dr. Catherine VandeVoort, senior author of the study and researcher at the California National Primate Research Centre. (
  • Among these, contraceptive drugs held the largest market share in 2014, as these are the easiest means of contraception. (
  • Contraception methods can be temporary or permanent and are available for both men and women. (
  • To calculate the market size, we considered revenue generated from sales of various contraception devices. (
  • More information can be found at the Emergency Contraception website This website will also inform on the what type of EC and birth control pills are available in your country and how to use them as emergency contraceptives. (
  • The data collection form that was used included number of vaginal deliveries and cesarean sections performed monthly at each hospital, number of postpartum counseling sessions, number of women who agreed to use effective postpartum contraception before hospital discharge, and details about the effective contraceptive method chosen after counseling. (
  • These findings, coupled with high unmet need for contraception in Sub-Saharan Africa, have spurred calls for safe, long-acting reversible contraceptive methods for HIV-positive women [ 4 , 15 ]. (
  • This suggests a therapeutic target for male contraception. (
  • The intra-uterine copper device has been the most popular means of female contraception in India, especially in the public sector, thanks to government support. (
  • Consumers are increasingly using digital health technologies to inform their everyday health decisions, and this new app can provide an effective method of contraception if it's used carefully and correctly," said Terri Cornelison, assistant director for the health of women in the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health, in a statement Friday . (
  • Women should know that no form of contraception works perfectly, so an unplanned pregnancy could still result from correct usage of this device. (
  • ACOG Committee Opinion No. 735: Adolescents and Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Implants and Intrauterine Devices. (
  • It seems whenever the "personhood" amendments turn up before state legislatures, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists argues such laws would ban "some of the most effective and reliable forms of contraception -- oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, and other forms of FDA-approved contraceptives. (
  • As years slid into decades, the brave new world of science brought along newer and better ways to kill human beings, including those newly created, and abortifacient pills and devices became one more form of contraception in the public mind. (
  • 3. Male methods of contraception. (
  • Muttreja said India had to improve access to other forms of contraception, widen the basket of contraceptives on offer and invest in providing better reproductive health services. (
  • There are two widely-available forms of contraception available for men. (
  • Contraception Made Easy is the ideal practical reference guide for GPs and other healthcare professionals involved in the provision of contraceptive advice. (
  • In addition to lethal violence, many abused adolescent girls and women have male partners who intentionally sabotage their contraception, deliberately give them sexually transmitted infections (STIs), or force them into having unwanted pregnancies or abortions. (
  • Female and male sterilization are both safe and effective methods of permanent contraception used by more than 220 million couples worldwide (1). (
  • The purpose of this document is to review the evidence for the safety and effectiveness of female sterilization in comparison with male sterilization and other forms of contraception. (
  • However, these societies viewed birth control as a woman's responsibility, and the only well-documented contraception methods were female-controlled devices (both possibly effective, such as pessaries, and ineffective, such as amulets). (
  • In the writings of Muslims and Jews during the Middle Ages, there are some references to attempts at male-controlled contraception, including suggestions to cover the penis in tar or soak it in onion juice. (
  • CCTN was established in 1996 to support research on male and female contraception and to conduct clinical trials of new contraceptive drugs and devices. (
  • Over the past 10 years, a number of new contraceptive methods have become available to adolescents, newer guidance has been issued on existing contraceptive methods, and the evidence base for contraception for special populations (adolescents who have disabilities, are obese, are recipients of solid organ transplants, or are HIV infected) has expanded. (
  • Their requests for TOP services indicated contraception such as "morning after pills", high doses that these women did not plan these pregnancies, yet of oral contraceptives, or the insertion of a copper failed to use contraceptives effectively to prevent preg- containing IUCD within 48-72 hours after unprotected nancies. (
  • This stance exposes all 15 to a politically costly debate over contraception, in which they would have to choose between alienating their anti-abortion backers or the estimated six-plus million women using intrauterine devices and the roughly three million women who have taken the morning after pill in the past year following unprotected sexual intercourse . (
  • Instead of addressing the question of when life begins, it maintains in a paper, "Emergency Contraception and Intrauterine Devices are Not Abortifacients," that "pregnancy is established only at the conclusion of implantation of a fertilized egg. (
  • Some forms of contraception are longer acting, often referred to as LARCS (long acting reversible contraceptives). (
  • Inasmuch as the strict letter of the law, as understood by classic authorities, does not obligate the fathering of limitless number of children beyond the requirement to produce at least one child of each gender or according to another opinion until two male offspring are born, there is wide latitude within halacha to limit family sizes, although usage of contraception varies from community to community. (
  • Contraceptive devices for female are available in different types, among which the report emphasizes on the rising uptake of intrauterine contraceptive devices. (
  • Bayer said that uterine perforation is a "rare complication associated with all intrauterine contraceptive devices/systems, including Mirena. (
  • Ultrasound-guided intrauterine removal of intrauterine contraceptive devices in pregnancy. (
  • May also be involved in pelvic inflammatory disease associated with intrauterine contraceptive devices. (
  • At different times and in different countries, contraceptives were banned by the authorities or by the church, therefore devices such as a vaginal syringe or vaginal douche, which were used to cleanse the internal female organs, periodically appeared on sale. (
  • A comparative study of two contraceptive vaginal rings releasing norethindrone acetate and differing doses of ethinyl estradiol. (
  • See British National Formulary website for the rules concerning missed pills, delayed or detached contraceptive patches or vaginal ring failures. (
  • IUDs, devices which are implanted into the uterus. (
  • The high costs of the IUD devices have been a barrier for many of the women's as IUDs are very expensive primarily because of the procedures involved which is known as implanting. (
  • From birth control pills and injections, to intrauterine devices (IUDs), women have the benefit of being able to choose from a wide range of contraceptives. (
  • They can recommend long-acting contraceptives such as IUDs, the implant, and the injection which are more difficult to detect by partners than other contraceptives. (
  • Unsafe IUDs, dangerous high-estrogen birth control pills and, most recently, Depo-Provera - an injectable contraceptive not approved for American use - are bought up wholesale by the U.S. government for mass consumption in the Third World. (
  • Even A-list celebrities have proclaimed their love for intrauterine devices, commonly called IUDs. (
  • According to this study's findings, 78 percent of women and 67 percent of men are satisfied with IUDs. (
  • 1 Use of highly effective long-acting reversible contraceptives, such as implants or intrauterine devices (IUDs), was much lower. (
  • Implant - Implants are flexible matchstick-size devices that are surgically inserted into a woman's arm. (
  • These include oral contraceptives, patches, and implants. (
  • Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. (
  • The subdermal contraceptive implants is one of the fastest growing segments in the global contraceptive devices market due to the rising popularity of cheap implants such as Sino-implant (II) and the price reduction of Bayer's Jadelle. (
  • In France, contraceptive implants have been available since 2001. (
  • IMPLANTS (such as Norplant or implanon) are made up of small rubber rods, which are surgically implanted under the skin of the upper arm, where they release the contraceptive steroid levonorgestrel. (
  • With regard to helping women space their pregnancies appropriately, there is some debate about the most effective time to insert contraceptive implants after pregnancy. (
  • Offering immediate postpartum insertion probably leads to more women initiating use of contraceptive implants, compared to offering insertion at the first postpartum visit, but there may be little or no difference between immediate and delayed insertion in terms of continued use of implants at six months or in terms of women's satisfaction. (
  • There are many different forms of birth control on the market today including pills, patches, implants, and physical devices. (
  • In contrast, other countries in the region such as Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Indonesia have seven contraceptive methods available which include injectables and implants. (
  • Oral contraceptive pills have been an effective form of birth control since the 1960s in the US. (
  • In order to prevent pregnancy, most oral contraceptive pills contain synthetic versions of the female hormones estrogen, progesterone, and, progestin. (
  • The association between these hormones and cancer can be confusing and intimidating, especially if you are taking or planning to take oral contraceptive pills. (
  • These include injectable contraceptives, hormonal oral pills, and topical contraceptives. (
  • There have been a lot of technological developments in contraceptive drugs, such as the advent of emergency contraceptive pills. (
  • Oral contraceptive pills are the most popular form of temporary birth control and it held majority of the market share in 2011. (
  • The global topical contraceptives market is the second fastest growing market after contraceptive pills. (
  • The implant contains the same hormones as contraceptive pills. (
  • But, by and large, she adds, oral contraceptive pills have been proved largely free of sideeffects and with a very low failure rate. (
  • Dinger J, Minh TD, Buttmann N, Bardenheuer K. Effectiveness of oral contraceptive pills in a large U.S. cohort comparing progestogen and regimen. (
  • That translates to free contraceptive and abortifacient pills and devices and sterilization -- for women only. (
  • Oral contraceptive is further segmented into combined contraceptives and mini-pills. (
  • Providing emergency contraceptive pills and advising women to remove the pills and put them into a plain envelope to disguise them is another harm-reduction strategy. (
  • Consumer representatives countered that there is no excuse for sending our least safe contraceptive abroad and questioned the accountability of the "sovereign" governments, which, it is now known, have received millions of dollars in bribes from U.S. drug companies like Upjohn Co. (maker of Depo-Provera) and G. D. Searle Co. (a manufacturer of birth control pills). (
  • Scientists are still working on a male birth control pill , and over-the-counter pills might soon be a reality for women, which is sure to reduce frustration with getting a prescription. (
  • Do Oral Contraceptives Disrupt Your Hormonal Balance And Lead To Cancer? (
  • Does taking an oral contraceptive increase your risk for cancer? (
  • The results suggested that women taking an oral contraceptive had a small increase in risk. (
  • Most women today take an oral contraceptive with a low dose of estrogen. (
  • The research results on oral contraceptive use and cancerous liver tumors is unclear. (
  • The risk does, however, decrease once the woman no longer takes the oral contraceptive. (
  • An oral contraceptive does not work alone to cause cervical cancer. (
  • This protection continued for approximately 30 years and was not diminished after stopping oral contraceptive use. (
  • Additionally, taking an oral contraceptive results in anovulation [11] , which is when ovulation does not happen. (
  • Many medical professionals consider this to be one of the biggest unexpected benefits of oral contraceptives. (
  • Now that you know the potential link between using an oral contraceptive and developing cancer, it's a good idea to consider all of your family planning options. (
  • If you decide that you're uncomfortable with the idea of taking an oral contraceptive, there are other contraceptive methods available. (
  • Latest research at Oxford University's Glycobiology Institute has provided new leads towards the development of an oral contraceptive for men. (
  • For instance, in March 2020, researchers from Monash University and The Alfred Hospital, Australia, reported assessing the impact of oral contraceptive androgenicity on visuospatial and social-emotional cognition in reproductive-aged women. (
  • For women at risk of pregnancy, the most commonly used methods are easily reversed methods such as the oral contraceptive pill (30%) and condom (23%), medium-term methods such as the intrauterine device and implantation (5%) and permanent methods (7% tubal ligation and 9% vasectomy of partner). (
  • The pill - Approved in 1960 by the Food and Drug Administration, oral contraceptives involve taking a daily pill with a combination of estrogen and a progestin. (
  • ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES protect against pregnancy by the combined actions of the hormones estrogens and progestin. (
  • Thenext step is to look at developing an oral male contraceptive drug, which is effective, safe, and readily reversible. (
  • Poindexter A. The emerging use of the 20-microg oral contraceptive. (
  • Randomized trial of the effect of tailored versus standard use of the combined oral contraceptive pill on continuation rates at 1 year. (
  • Anderson FD, Gibbons W, Portman D. Safety and efficacy of an extended-regimen oral contraceptive utilizing continuous low-dose ethinyl estradiol. (
  • Brooks M. FDA Okays New Extended-Regimen Oral Contraceptive. (
  • Jick SS, Kaye JA, Russmann S, Jick H. Risk of nonfatal venous thromboembolism in women using a contraceptive transdermal patch and oral contraceptives containing norgestimate and 35 microg of ethinyl estradiol. (
  • 5. The combined oral contraceptive - selection and eligibility. (
  • 6. The combined oral contraceptive - follow-up arrangements and new routes of administration. (
  • The contraceptive drug is further segmented into oral contraceptive, contraceptive injectable, and topical contraceptive patch. (
  • A March 2018 study added a new complication: Women who take oral contraceptives run the risk of ischemic strokes. (
  • Among] women with other stroke risk factors, the risk seems higher and, in most cases, oral contraceptive use should be discouraged," warned the Loyola University Chicago (Loyola) study that came across this finding. (
  • The Midrash of Genesis speaks of the origins of oral contraceptives: "In the early time of creation, in the time of Lemech, a medicine was known, the taking of which prevented a woman's conception. (
  • Male latex condom: specification,prequalification and guidelines for procurement, 2010. (
  • A male condom is a thin covering worn on the penis during intercourse. (
  • male or female condom with or without spermicide cap, diaphragm, or sponge with spermicide. (
  • The male latex condom is the only contraceptive method considered highly effective in reducing the risk of STDs. (
  • It is the woman's own device of protection when a male partner refuses to use a condom. (
  • The most famous barrier contraceptive is a condom (both male and female). (
  • Besides the male condom, the female condom, and the pill, women can have implanted contraceptive devices, or periodic injections. (
  • There has been little attention paid to the possibility of damage to the male urogenital tract through regular condom use, although this also remains a distinct possibility. (
  • In men, contact dermatitis from condom use is relatively easy to diagnose. (
  • However, despite a large number of contraceptive devices floating in the markets, a condom is the only thing that will help protect you from sexually transmitted infections. (
  • as the use of a condom or pessary creates a physical barrier, "the pill" (or an intrauterine device) is preferred by most authorities. (
  • In the pilot study, the method was very effective: All 30 men either had no sperm in their semen or had levels too low to cause a pregnancy. (
  • Vasectomy has been the only male option available to non-human primate veterinarians who wish to reduce the pregnancy rate in their colonies. (
  • A woman's choice - Women have many choices when it comes to avoiding pregnancy, but men have only two. (
  • The patch - For women who don't want to take a pill or insert a device, the Ortho Evra birth control patch sticks to the body and releases pregnancy-preventing hormones through the skin. (
  • Why aren't contraceptives guaranted to avoid pregnancy and diseases? (
  • Contraceptive use to prevent unplanned pregnancy is the most cost-effective means of preventing maternal-to-child transmission of HIV [ 1 - 4 ]. (
  • As with other contraceptives, a contraceptive implant is designed to prevent pregnancy, but it does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. (
  • Knowing the effectiveness of different types of contraceptives is critical to not just the prevention of unwanted pregnancy but also the contraction of STDs such as AIDS, etc. (
  • The sooner one takes the emergency contraceptive, the better are the chances of pregnancy prevention. (
  • Emergency contraceptive can be taken by pregnant women also because it does not cause abortion or interrupt with the pregnancy in any way. (
  • Current contraceptives promote the principle of safety and ensured protection against unwanted pregnancy. (
  • The risk to the embryo and to the mother when pregnancy results with an intrauterine device (IUD) in the uterus is well documented. (
  • And, it isn't just women who use contraceptive devices to prevent pregnancy. (
  • Increase in prevalence of unintended pregnancy, advent of new low cost generics drugs and devices of contraceptives by key players, and increase in adoption and awareness for contraceptives usage in developing countries are the major drivers of the global contraceptive market. (
  • In the new guidelines, The College describes reproductive and sexual coercion as a pattern of physical violence and/or psychologically coercive behaviors intended to control a woman's sexual decision-making, contraceptive use, and/or pregnancy. (
  • Sabotaging a woman's contraceptive method, pressuring her to become pregnant unwillingly, or forcing her to end or continue a pregnancy against her will are all examples of reproductive coercion. (
  • Although contraceptives are available free of charge throughout South Africa, the number of requests for termination of pregnancy (TOP) services continues to increase. (
  • abortions procured annually, the question asked by Walker (1996:56) was: "Why not use contraceptives to Contraceptive methods include hormonal prevent an unwanted pregnancy? (
  • In other words, contraceptive devices that act before implantation do not end a pregnancy because the pregnancy has not begun. (
  • Contraceptive services" includes consultations, examinations, procedures, and medical services related to the use of contraceptive methods (including natural family planning) to prevent an unintended pregnancy. (
  • Family planning involves the use of hormonal barriers as a technique for birth control, sterilization, and application of intra-uterine devices. (
  • The invention realates to a method, device and apparatus for reversible contraceptive sterilization. (
  • Permanent methods include sterilization for women (tubal occlusion or hysteroscopy) and sterilization for men (vasectomy). (
  • 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices. (
  • Preliminary studies in animals and men show that this doesn't have the side effects of hormonal methods,' said Jim Stice, president of Shepherd Medical Company, a consortium of researchers and entrepreneurs developing the device. (
  • Kirsten Thompson, director of the Male Contraceptive Coalition, stresses that men can help speed development of these methods. (
  • The demand for new male contraceptive methods is growing. (
  • Surveys indicate that the majority of men would be interested in using a new contraceptive, and about 20% of couples already rely on existing male methods for reproductive control. (
  • Logistic regression models are used to investigate the use of four popular contraceptive methods by parity, age and fertility intentions controlling for socio-demographic factors. (
  • If you are asking for a list of all contraceptive methods for either men or women, here is a list of some of the most common. (
  • More particularly, this invention relates to novel contraceptive devices for males and females which provide immunological barriers to the spread of sexually transmitted diseases along with related methods to prevent the spread of these diseases. (
  • Contraceptive drugs and devices are temporary birth control methods and function majorly by altering the mechanism of ovulation and acting as physical barriers between the sperm and ovary. (
  • There are many types of contraceptive methods available in France. (
  • mean of two values measured during screening * For post-pubertal female patients of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or to use acceptable contraceptive methods during the study and for 90 days after the final dose of Mircera A female patient is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal. (
  • There is a critical need for fertility regulation methods that fit the needs of women and men throughout their reproductive lives. (
  • This FOA supports the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in its mission to develop novel, safe and effective contraceptive methods for men and women. (
  • Although in recent years there has been an increase in the use of effective contraceptive methods, efforts have not produced policies that could significantly improve the health of women and newborns. (
  • The medical benefits of fertility regulation and effective contraceptive methods for maternal and newborn health have long been recognized (5). (
  • Effective contraceptive methods are the basis for preventing maternal mortality. (
  • Recent reports (3) emphasize that increased use of effective contraceptive methods reduces maternal mortality rates--that is, high-risk pregnancies and pregnancies among high-parity women. (
  • On the basis of lessons learned, in March 2006 systematic collection of information on postpartum women was initiated and effective contraceptive methods were offered before hospital discharge. (
  • confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.20) and not switching contraceptive methods in the last year (AOR = 2.45, 95% CI: 1.03-5.83). (
  • Several barriers exist to expanding research into implantable and other contraceptive methods for men, including vague regulatory guidelines, long device development timelines, men's attitudes towards convenience, and a significant lack of funding. (
  • It is difficult to say how barbaric modern contraceptive methods our descendants will find, because the most progressive and safe contraceptives used two centuries ago today considered as an instrument of torture. (
  • The folks who defined Hobby Lobby's four abortifacient methods for the government as contraceptives also argue that the same methods are abortifacient when it comes to "personhood. (
  • Birth Control Methods For Men And Women - Which One Is Right For You? (
  • People have used birth control methods for a long time now, and with the increasing research that is going into it (thanks to the massive world population), today you can easily find many safe and reliable birth control methods for men and women. (
  • It mostly includes the use of devices, drugs, surgical procedures and other methods to prevent impregnation. (
  • Although contraceptive and birth control measures have been used since time immemorial, it was only by the 20th century that effective and safe methods were devised. (
  • Though women have a number of options that they can choose from, birth control methods do extend to men as well. (
  • But when it came to satisfaction with contraceptive methods, no birth control method came anywhere near 100 percent satisfaction - and that's a really big deal. (
  • An assortment of contraceptive methods on display in Uganda. (
  • existing State and federal law to promote gender equity and women's health and to ensure greater contraceptive coverage equity and timely access to all federal Food and Drug Administration approved methods of birth control for all individuals covered by an individual or group health insurance policy in Illinois. (
  • step therapy, or prior authorization in public and private health care coverage can impede access to the most effective contraceptive methods. (
  • A flexible implantable contraceptive disc device is disclosed which can be inserted inside the female body, such as inside the uterus, is disclosed. (
  • A contraceptive implant is an implantable medical device used for the purpose of birth control. (
  • Several implantable devices have been attempted, both hormonal and non-hormonal. (
  • In 2001, Dutch pharmaceutical company Organon announced clinical trials of its implantable etonogestrel-based male contraceptive would begin in Europe and the U.S., anticipating a marketable product as early as 2005. (
  • Kovalevsky G, Barnhart K. Norplant and other implantable contraceptives. (
  • No pregnancies occurred in the social groups of 16 male rhesus macaques given Vasalgel. (
  • Not using of the contraceptives or the incorrect use of the contraceptives may result in unintended pregnancies and the number of unintended pregnancies percentage is higher in the teens younger than 18 years, followed by the age group of 20-24 years. (
  • And in 2014, these contraceptives have helped women to avoid 2 million unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in 900,000 unplanned births and nearly 700,000 abortions. (
  • This is principally due to the fact that governments of countries experiencing a rise in the prevalence of unwanted pregnancies are rigorously promoting the use of contraceptives to curb unnecessary healthcare expenditures associated with abortions. (
  • When engaging in sexual activity it is important to use contraceptive devices to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies. (
  • Furthermore, lifestyle hazards such as pollution, stress, and smoking, the rising incidence of unwanted pregnancies, and favorable initiatives by governments promoting the use of contraceptive products across emerging nations augur well for the human reproductive technologies market. (
  • Knowledge about, access to and the actual use of contraceptives did not enable these women to prevent unwanted pregnancies. (
  • More effective counseling about contraceptives' side-effects and enhanced accessibility of contraceptives over weekends and during lunch breaks could enable more women to prevent unwanted pregnancies, reducing the number of requests for TOP services. (
  • Now, a company known as Revolution Contraceptives have developed a male non-hormonal contraceptive gel, named Vasalgel. (
  • DEPO-PROVERA is a hormonal contraceptive injected into a muscle on the arm or buttock every three months. (
  • Some studies have suggested that systemic hormonal contraceptive method use by HIV-positive women may increase HIV transmission to male partners and progression of HIV disease among users, particularly for depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), though findings are mixed [ 8 - 14 ]. (
  • The most risky time to make a mistake with a combined hormonal contraceptive is close to the hormone free week (when a woman will often have a period like bleed). (
  • No long-acting, reversible contraceptives are currently available for men. (
  • These are more effective, reversible contraceptives. (
  • a contraceptive diaphragm. (
  • Certain contraceptive devices (an IUD or the rim of a diaphragm, for instance) may also cause sensitivity or pain. (
  • Men and women have long been promised a male version of the female contraceptive pill. (
  • R&D in male birth control pill is expected to propel growth of the market. (
  • For instance, in March 2018, researchers from the University of Washington presented positive results from a small clinical trial of 100 men for a male birth control pill that inhibits testosterone production. (
  • Additionally, the global contraceptive drugs and devices market has been experiencing steady growth due to the advent of cheap contraceptives, such as AG200-15 Contraceptive Patch, Sino-Implant (II), and Pill-Plus. (
  • The legalization of birth control occurred in France in 1967, with the commercialization of the contraceptive pill. (
  • The Neuwirth Law legalized the free prescription of the contraceptive pill. (
  • Schering/Bayer had been working on a similar annual implant with quarterly injections but cancelled the research in 2006/2007, declaring that men would most likely view it as "not as convenient as a woman taking a pill once a day. (
  • Lead researchers, Dr Sab Ventura and Dr Carl White of the Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, believe the knowledge could be applied to the potential development of a contraceptive pill for men. (
  • If successful, it is hoped a male contraceptive pill could be available within ten years. (
  • Gilliam ML, Neustadt A, Kozloski M, Mistretta S, Tilmon S, Godfrey E. Adherence and acceptability of the contraceptive ring compared with the pill among students: a randomized controlled trial. (
  • Natural News ) American researchers claim they are coming closer to a working birth control pill for men. (
  • It has many of the same side effects as the birth control pill, but 69 percent of women and 75 percent of men said they aren't fans of the patch. (
  • Combined hormonal contraceptives such as rings, patches and, most commonly, the combined pill , all contain a combination of synthetic oestrogen and progestogen, which fool the body into not producing an egg each month. (
  • Being overweight (over 90kg) can reduce the effectiveness of the contraceptive patch but has no effect on the combined pill or rings. (
  • After a one-week recovery, each male was returned to outdoor group housing, which included three to nine intact, breeding females with a successful reproductive history. (
  • Male involvement in reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health. (
  • This paper examines contraceptive method use at different stages of the reproductive life course. (
  • Previous research on contraceptive practice in developed countries typically applies age as a proxy for reproductive history. (
  • While age is an essential and useful life course measure for understanding contraceptive use, investigations of contraceptive practice should also consider parity and fertility intentions, as they may be more accurate measures of reproductive life course stage. (
  • According to the 2002 National Maternal and Child Health Survey, 34.0% of women of reproductive age used an effective contraceptive method (1), compared with 44% in 2008 (2). (
  • According to international human rights norms, ensuring sexual and reproductive rights means that the Guatemalan state must ensure universal access to information and effective contraceptive services at all public health facilities (4). (
  • Two studies among reproductive aged women in South Africa indicate low (26-41%) awareness of the IUCD as a contraceptive method, despite its inclusion in contraceptive method mix and availability at no cost through the public sector [ 17 , 18 ]. (
  • Sperm, the male gamete, and a secondary oocyte (along with first polar body and corona radiata), the male gamete must meet in the female reproductive system to create a new individual. (
  • For reproduction to occur, both the female and male reproductive systems are essential. (
  • While both the female and male reproductive systems are involved with producing, nourishing and transporting either the oocyte or sperm, they are different in shape and structure. (
  • The male has reproductive organs, or genitals, that are both inside and outside the pelvis, while the female has reproductive organs entirely within the pelvis. (
  • The male reproductive system consists of the testes and a series of ducts and glands. (
  • South Carolina's Family Planning provides high quality and confidential reproductive services to women, men and teens. (
  • Broad objectives are to: o Enhance domestic population research programs through training and international collaborative studies related to population, including the study of reproductive processes, contraceptive development, contraceptive and reproductive evaluation, reproductive epidemiology, and social and behavioral factors that influence population dynamics. (
  • Pune, July 08, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Several private institutions and government organizations are actively participating to spread awareness on the use of contraceptives. (
  • The global contraceptives market was valued at US$ 24,605.4 Mn in 2019 and is forecast to reach a value of US$ 37,889.0 Mn by 2027 at a CAGR of 5.5% between 2020 and 2027. (
  • Devices held dominant position in the global contraceptives market in 2019, accounting for 57.2% share in terms of value, followed by drugs, respectively. (
  • The analysts forecast global contraceptive devices market to grow at a CAGR of 4.88% over the period 2014-2019. (
  • The report includes the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global contraceptive devices market for the period 2015-2019. (
  • The report, Global Contraceptive Devices Market 2015-2019 , has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. (
  • By technology, the contraceptive devices segment is likely to remain the leading segment in the market reporting a CAGR of 5.7% between 2013 and 2019. (
  • The concept of blocking sperm in the vas deferens is not new: each year about 500,000 American men get vasectomies, a simple 15-minute procedure in which the vas deferens is cut and its ends closed off. (
  • We think that this treatment may work for men because the formation of sperm is very much the same process for all mammals. (
  • The devices block sperm and change the lining of the uterus, which may keep a fertilized egg from attaching. (
  • In 2006, Shepherd Medical Company received FDA approval for a clinical trial of its non-hormonal implant called an intra vas device (IVD), which consists of two plugs that block sperm flow in the vas deferens. (
  • Published today in the journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, scientists have found that complete male infertility could be achieved by blocking two proteins found on the smooth muscle cells that trigger the transport of sperm. (
  • Previous strategies have focused on hormonal targets or mechanisms thatproduce dysfunctional sperm incapable of fertilization, but they often interfere with male sexual activity and cause long term irreversible effects on fertility," Dr Ventura said. (
  • We've shown that simultaneously disrupting the two proteins that control the transport of sperm during ejaculation causes complete male infertility, but without affecting the long-term viability of sperm or the sexual or general health of males. (
  • Researchers received Food and Drug Administration approval for a 90-man study of the Intra Vas Device (IVD), a nonhormonal contraceptive that stops sperm in their tracks. (
  • In a Daily Mail article , they reported that the contraceptive compound EP055 temporarily turned off the swimming ability of sperm in male monkeys. (
  • For example, a crushed or mangled man may not be permitted to marry anyone but a convert under Jewish law, and halachic authorities see vasectomy as a form of maiming, even if already married to a non-convert becoming maimed intentionally or accidentally including a vasectomy does obligate divorce unless a successful repair surgery is performed and sperm flow is returned (based on Deuteronomy 23:2). (
  • The contraceptive double standard surfaced as a public issue only in the summer of 1978, when a congressional committee held hearings on the Depo-Provera problem: Should the U.S. government subsidize the export to Third World nations of a contraceptive drug that had been ruled unsafe for American women? (
  • To assess awareness of and interest in intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) use among HIV-positive women in Cape Town, South Africa. (
  • The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a highly effective, long-acting contraceptive method and is not widely used in Sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa [ 16 ]. (
  • However, these studies did not differentiate women by HIV status, although other studies indicate that HIV infection often impacts contraceptive method choice, potentially resulting in differences in IUCD receptivity [ 5 , 19 ]. (
  • Many cases are found in women using intra-uterine contraceptive device ( IUCD ) Footnote 9 . (
  • This includes vasectomies for men and tubal ligations for women. (
  • Lawsuits are being filed in Canada and the U.S. against the maker of an increasingly popular contraceptive, alleging that women haven't been properly warned about rare but potentially serious risks associated with the intrauterine device. (
  • And some women say the device migrated to other parts of their bodies after insertion. (
  • He said that while Mirena works well for many women, labels on the package need to clearly warn users about the rare, but potentially serious risks associated with the device. (
  • Current contraceptive use increased with age, from 37.2% among women aged 15-19 to 73.7% among women aged 40-49. (
  • During 2015-2017, 54.0% of women and 47.5% of men aged 15-49 reported that they had ever been married. (
  • More than one-half of men (52%) and women (57%) aged 15-49 during 2015-2017 have cohabited at some time. (
  • About 25% of women aged 15-44 (24.9%) and 16.2% of men aged 15-44 had been tested for HIV in the past year. (
  • Among men and women aged 15-49, 2.2% of men and 1.5% of women had five or more opposite-sex sexual partners in the past year. (
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 99% of sexually active women used at least one contraceptive method at some point between 2006 and 2010. (
  • What are the contraceptives used for men and women? (
  • If you are asking about a contraceptive that is used for both men and women, there really is not one. (
  • About 22% of women aged 15-49 and 13% of men aged 15-49 had been tested for HIV outside of blood donation in the past year. (
  • The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to support and facilitate multidisciplinary research approaches for the development of novel nonsteroidal contraceptive products for men and women that act prior to fertilization. (
  • About 85% of sexually active women who do not use contraceptives become pregnant within a year. (
  • Play media Play media The contraceptive implant is hormone-based and highly effective, approved in more than 60 countries and used by millions of women around the world. (
  • But this is more about the preference of women to use devices as lifestyle options to prevent conception. (
  • A number of women, in pursuit of a career, are looking at postponing child bearing itself, and seeing contraceptives as more than just for spacing births, as it might have been in the past. (
  • Women above the age of 18 can ask for this contraceptive without prescription. (
  • Increasingly it is becoming associated with contact dermatitis in both men and women. (
  • These are devices which tempt men and women to transgress and avoid the consequences of such transgression. (
  • Studies suggest that it's likely for women to report severe mood-related side effects while using hormonal contraceptives, especially among those already experiencing depressive symptoms . (
  • These issues have profound impacts on the communities we serve-affecting the individual health and well-being of men, women, children, and families, as well as Malawi's overall development. (
  • The adrenal glands of both men and women also produce small amounts of testosterone. (
  • Testosterone is an anti-depressant, in men and women. (
  • Men and women with high testosterone commit more violent crimes. (
  • [15] Happy marriages consist of high-testosterone women and low-testosterone men. (
  • [19] Alcoholism reduces sexual functioning in women, but not as severely as the effect in men. (
  • Sexual activity increases testosterone, in both men and women. (
  • Most women have used at least one type of hormonal contraceptives during their lifetimes. (
  • Strokes are one of the leading killers for women in the U.S. Ever year, the number of women who suffer a stroke exceed their male counterparts by 55,000. (
  • The increasing prevalence of obesity has been leading to infertility among both men and women. (
  • Furthermore, obesity is also considered a prime cause of reduced response to fertility treatment among both men and women. (
  • Actinomycosis is three times more common in men than women Footnote 10 . (
  • A new study found that men and women are pretty unsatisfied with their contraceptive choices , and that has big implications for whether or not they'll use it. (
  • But that means nearly one in three men aren't fans of the device, and a little more than one in five women aren't down with it, either. (
  • By 21 years old, a majority of men and women are sexually active. (
  • About 49 percent of women are happy being abstinent, while 42 percent of men report the same satisfaction. (
  • Unfortunately, men are usually less willing than women to visit doctors for checkups or preventative care, to seek treatment during the early stages of an ailment or to seek mental health advice. (
  • Men are less likely than women to visit the doctor, resulting in more hospitalizations and deaths from preventable conditions. (
  • Some believe this may be why men are more likely than women to suffer unintentional harm or to die from homicide or suicide. (
  • Still, men are more likely than women to abuse alcohol, smoke and die of accidental deaths. (
  • On average, men develop heart disease about 10 years earlier than women, and 1 in 4 male deaths is caused by heart disease. (
  • This research investigated challenges preventing women from using contraceptives effectively. (
  • As many as 85.5% of these women had used contraceptives. (
  • IUD - An intrauterine device, or IUD, is a flexible T-shaped device that's inserted by a doctor into a woman's uterus. (
  • It ought to be mentioned that wrong contraceptive can result in harm to the woman's health. (
  • Having sex without intercourse helps you learn to have orgasms as a woman's sexual response cycles work differently from men. (
  • A device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. (
  • These also prohibit the implantation of male hormones in the uterus if taken within two to three days. (
  • The invention relates to an intrauterine device, which comprises an elastically deformable element (2) for holding the intrauterine device (1) in the uterus. (
  • Disclosed are two-handed IUD insertion devices for positioning an intrauterine device (IUD) in the uterus which includes a plunger, a sheath, a grip and a handle where the axial movement of the plunger is controlled via features along th. (
  • IUD is a T-shaped device inserted into the uterus by a health-care professional. (
  • An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small contraceptive device, often 'T'-shaped and containing either copper or the hormone levonorgestrel, which is implanted into the uterus. (
  • These devices include plugs which are inserted into the canals of the Fallopian tubes to prevent ova from passing the canals into the uterus. (
  • These devices do not insure that theova cannot flow through the canals into the uterus. (
  • Plug contraceptive devices are not entirely effective in that it is possible for ova to bypass the plugs and enter the uterus. (
  • If you're unlucky, the tiny device can perforate your uterus . (
  • Just like other forms of female contraceptives, implanon prevents ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus. (
  • The overall contraceptives market is categorized on the basis of products into two major categories namely contraceptive drugs and contraceptive devices. (
  • It also provides information and data analysis of the global contraceptive market with respect to the segments based on product type, distribution channel and geography. (
  • This section of the report also provides market attractiveness analysis, by geography and market share analysis by key players, thus presenting a thorough analysis of the overall competitive scenario in the global contraceptive market. (
  • The report also profiles major players in the global contraceptive market based on various attributes such as company overview, financial overview, product portfolio, business strategies, and recent developments. (
  • November, 2017: Teva Pharmaceuticals has signed an agreement with CooperSurgical which will acquire PARAGARD (intrauterine copper contraceptive). (
  • There are also intrauterine devices (IUD): There are copper IUD or hormonal IUD. (
  • Birth Control Implant is a long-acting birth control contraceptive inserted into the arm. (
  • The contraceptive implant is a small stick put in place under the skin. (
  • An implant device is includes an expandable balloon configured to expand in response to internal pressure applied thereto. (
  • The demand for contraceptive devices and drugs is likely to increase owing to the rising prevalence of STDs," stated a lead analyst at FBI. (
  • Decreasing birth rate is expected to limit use of contraceptive drugs and devices, thereby hindering growth of the global contraceptives market. (
  • The Global Contraceptive Drugs and Devices Market was projected to grow at a CAGR of 7.5% during the forecast period (2018-2023). (
  • Contraceptive drugs and devices are used in birth control and fertility related issues. (
  • The global Contraceptive Drugs and Devices Market is anticipated to grow rapidly over the forecast period (from 2012 to 2020). (
  • A key benefit of such drugs & devices is that they help prevent the spread of STDs. (
  • Products involve contraceptive drugs, male contraceptive devices, and female contraceptive devices. (
  • Europe and North America are the dominant regional markets due to factors, like highly developed healthcare infrastructure, availability of contraceptive devices & drugs, and technically advanced systems. (
  • These regions are rapidly expanding markets for contraceptive drugs and devices. (
  • Major players in the worldwide Contraceptive Drugs And Devices Market are Pfizer Inc. (
  • In the global contraceptives market by product types (drugs and devices), the contraceptive devices market held majority of the market share in 2011. (
  • Official contraceptive drugs of three types are justified and approved by official medicine: physiological, barrier, and medication. (
  • Based on product type, the contraceptive market is segmented as contraceptives drugs and contraceptive devices. (
  • The product market segments have been analyzed based on available drugs and devices, product pipeline for new contraceptives products, cost-effectiveness, and preference for contraceptive product among population. (
  • vi) follow-up services related to the drugs, devices, products and procedures covered under this subsection including, but not limited to, management of side effects, counseling for continued adherence and device insertion and removal. (
  • The market is also expected to gain from the presence of a strong product pipeline for contraceptive drugs. (
  • Approval and launch of new products is expected to propel growth of the global emergency contraceptives market over the forecast period. (
  • R&D in emergency contraceptives is expected to offer lucrative growth opportunities for players in the global contraceptives market. (
  • December 2015 : The Health Act law by Marisol Tourraine introduced a 'no questions asked' policy and emergency contraceptives may be administered by school nurses. (
  • Whereas , The deferred operation of this act would tend to defeat its purpose, which is to provide forthwith contraceptive coverage and economic security in the commonwealth, therefore it is hereby declared to be an emergency law, necessary for the immediate preservation of the public health and convenience. (
  • A study in monkeys proved the effectiveness of Vasalgel as a non-hormonal male contraceptive. (
  • The purpose of this research is to determine the effectiveness of the intrauterine device (IUD) called Mirena when compared to the Provera tablets used in treating this condition. (
  • To test the safety and effectiveness of Vasalgel, the drug was injected into 16 adult male rhesus monkeys, and the results were compared to the same number of monkeys who were previously vasectomized. (
  • They will conduct another animal study that will test its effectiveness as a contraceptive. (
  • Sixteen adult male rhesus monkeys received intravas injections of Vasalgel. (
  • None of the males treated with Vasalgel injections had any offspring. (
  • [6] Testosterone injections don't increase sexual activity or sexual desire in young men. (
  • This is further expected to increase the requirement of fertility control devices over the upcoming years. (
  • Dr Frances Platt, Reader in Glycobiology, who directed the research, said: 'Our findings illustrate that male fertility can be regulated by a non-hormonal compound which has practically no side effects at the effective dose required in mice. (
  • The National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) collects information on families, fertility, and health from a national sample of males and females aged 15−49 in the household population of the United States. (
  • 1. Introduction: the population explosion, sexual and contraceptive history-taking and counselling - the importance of fertility control. (
  • A combination of contraceptives prevents the ovaries from releasing eggs and causing ovulation. (
  • I suppose that you could say that both the male and female are using the same method when they employ the rhythm method or coitus interruptus. (
  • IUD's have one of the lowest failure rates of contraceptive method. (
  • Organon representative Monique Mols stated in 2007 that "[d]espite 20 years of research, the development of a [hormonal] method acceptable to a wide population of men is unlikely. (
  • This contraceptive is a thin, small, progestin-only method that works for at least the next three years. (
  • A barrier method may be used as the second contraceptive method. (
  • This method involves the male partner in the contraceptive choice. (
  • When Orthodox Jewish couples contemplate the use of contraceptives, they generally consult a rabbi competent on this topic who evaluates the need for the intervention and which method is preferable from a halachic point of view. (
  • Hormonal contraceptives contain a progestin (progesterone medicine) with or without an estrogen. (
  • These revisions reflect new research on contraceptive failure both during perfect use and during typical use. (
  • The report further calculated the value of the contraceptives devices market as US$ 7013.8 Mn in the year 2018 and expected the market to reach US$ 11166.4 Mn by 2025. (
  • All the above factors are anticipated to witness promising growth in the contraceptive devices market between 2018 and 2025. (
  • This report holds the market estimation of the global contraceptives market in terms of value (USD million) for the period 2012 - 2018, considering the base year 2011 as. (
  • Male contraceptive gel effective in monkeys, but will it work in humans? (
  • While some pharmaceutical companies have tried in the past to develop a male contraceptive, so far none has been successful at making a safe and effective male birth control. (
  • Take a look at our list of contraceptives and how effective they are to make a better decision about whitch one to use next time you have a sexual encounter. (
  • There is no assurance that the devices are effective. (
  • Pulsatile GnRH or human chorionic gonadotropin/human menopausal gonadotropin as effective treatment for men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: a review of 42 cases. (
  • Stimulatory therapy with either GnRH or gonadotropins is an effective treatment to induce spermatogenesis and achieve paternity in men with secondary hypogonadism. (
  • Administration of the drug alprostadil through the urethra using the MUSE system is an effective alternative treatment for many men, and provides a less invasive alternative to intrapenile injection. (
  • It is effective in men with a wide range of medical disorders, including diabetes, surgery, and injury. (
  • In North America, over 90% of the female population uses the modern contraceptive techniques. (
  • As per Fortune Business Insights, the female contraceptive devices segment held nearly 54.8% of the overall market in the year 2017 and is expected to remain dominant over the forecast years. (
  • Men don't need to worry that they'll have acne or gain weight or have their sex drive go up or down--all things that can happen when you manipulate hormones. (
  • Many men say they would prefer a non-hormonal option because of the potential side effects and safety risks of hormones. (
  • They are responsible for secreting the male sex hormones (i.e., testosterone). (
  • Researchers theorize that EP055 did not alter the male hormones of the monkeys. (