Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
The shifting in position or location of an INTRAUTERINE DEVICE from its original placement.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.
Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Contraceptive devices used by males.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.
Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
(6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.

Reproductive health and AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for increased male participation. (1/76)

Reproduction is a dual commitment, but so often in much of the world, it is seen as wholly the woman's responsibility. She bears the burden not only of pregnancy and childbirth but also the threats from excessive child bearing, some responsibility for contraception, infertility investigation and often undiagnosed sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including AIDS. Failure to target men in reproductive health interventions has weakened the impact of reproductive health care programmes. The paper proposes that sophisticated and dynamic strategies in Africa and elsewhere which target women's reproductive health and research (such as control of STDs including AIDS, family planning, infertility investigation) require complementary linkage to the study and education of men. Men's perceptions, as well as determinants of sexual behavioural change and the socioeconomic context in which STDs, including AIDS, become rife, should be reviewed. There is a need to study and foster change to reduce or prevent poor reproductive health outcomes; to identify behaviours which could be adversely affecting women's reproductive health. Issues of gender, identity and tolerance as expressed through sexuality and procreation need to be amplified in the context of present risks in reproductive health. Researchers and providers often ignore the social significance of men. This paper reviews the impact of male dominance, as manifested through reproductive health and sexual decisions, against the background of present reproductive health problems. A research agenda should define factors at both macro and micro levels that interact to adversely impinge on reproductive health outcomes. This should be followed up by well-developed causal models of the determinants of positive reproductive health-promoting behaviours. Behaviour specific influences in sexual partnership include the degree of interpersonal support towards prevention, for example, of STDs, unwanted pregnancy or maternal deaths. Perceived efficacy and situational variables influencing male compliance in, say, condom use, form part of the wider study that addresses men. Thus preventive reproductive health initiatives and information should move from the female alone to both sexes. Women need men as partners in reproductive health who understand the risks they might be exposed to and strategies for their prevention.  (+info)

Current status of fertility control methods in India. (2/76)

Approximately 48.2% of couples of 15 to 49 years of age practice family planning methods in India. Female sterilization accounts for 34.2%, with male sterilization declining from 3.4% in 1992-93 to 1.9% in 1998-99. Use of the condom increased to 3.1% from 2.4%. There is an urgent need for research to develop new contraceptive modalities especially for men and also for women and to make existing methods more safe, affordable and acceptable. Current efforts in India to develop a male contraceptive are mainly directed towards (i) development of antispermatogenic agents to suppress sperm production, (ii) prevention of sperm maturation, (iii) prevention of sperm transport through vas deferens or rendering these sperm infertile and (iv) prevention of sperm deposition. Research work in the field of prevention of sperm transport through vas deferens has made significant advances. Styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) disturbed the electrical charge of spermatozoa leading to acrosome rupture and consequent loss in fertilizing ability of sperm. A multicentre phase-III clinical trial using SMA is continuing and it is hoped that the SMA approach would be available in the near future as an indigenously developed injectable intra-vasal male contraceptive. The safety and efficacy of available oral contraceptives were evaluated. An indigenously developed oral contraceptive 'Centchorman', which is a nonsteroidal, weakly estrogenic but potently antiestrogenic, was found to be safe and effective and is now being marketed in India since 1991 as a 'once a week' pill. Cyclofem and Mesigyna have been recommended as injectable contraceptives with proper counselling and service delivery by Indian studies. It has been recommended that these injectable contraceptives be added to the existing range of contraceptive methods available in the National Family Planning Programme. Based on the Indian studies CuT 200 was also recommended. Studies have indicated the advantage of intrauterine devices (IUD); they are long acting, relatively easily removed and fertility returns rapidly after their removal. Recent studies have recommended CuT 200 for use up to 5 years. The combination of some plant products i.e. Embelia ribes, Borax and Piper longum has been found to be safe and effective as a female contraceptive and the results of phase-I clinical trials are encouraging. Research work is going on in the country in various areas with special reference to hormonal contraceptive - a three monthly injectable contraceptive, immuno-contraceptives, antiprogestins, etc.  (+info)

Trends in male contraception. (3/76)

Methods that are available for male contraception, namely coitus interruptus, condoms, and vasectomy, have been used since the 19th century. With the exceptions of a few improvements of these methods, no major progress has been made with respect to introducing new male contraceptives since then. It is extremely urgent to develop new, safe, effective, and reversible male contraceptive methods. Among all male contraceptive methods that are being investigated, the hormonal approach is the closest to clinical application. Hormonal contraception provides pregnancy protection by means of spermatogenic suppression. Androgen-progestin regimens currently represent the best available hormonal combination for induction of a profound suppression of spermatogenesis. Further development of new steroids is mandatory for increasing the choices of available contraceptive formulations and to optimize long-term safety of these regimens.  (+info)

Black males who always use condoms: their attitudes, knowledge about AIDS, and sexual behavior. (4/76)

One hundred six black males completed a questionnaire concerning attitudes and knowledge about the use of condoms and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Of the 106 males in the study, 27 (26%) reported that they "always" used condoms, 31 (29%) did not use condoms and had low intentions of using them, and 48 (45%) reported high intentions to use condoms. Results indicated that knowledge about AIDS was exceptionally high for black males in all three groups. Black males with low intentions to use condoms reported significantly more negative attitudes about the use of condoms (eg, using condoms is disgusting) and reacted with more intense anger when their partners asked about previous sexual contacts, when a partner refused sex without a condom, or when they perceived condoms as interfering with foreplay and sexual pleasure. A significantly larger percentage of low intenders were treated for gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and genital warts than males in the other groups. Drug use did not differentiate the three groups, although marijuana was used more often by males in the low-intender group. Finally, a larger percentage of black males in the low-intender group reported experiences with anal intercourse and sex with a prostitute, but considered themselves at lower risk for AIDS than did their high-intender or steady-user counterparts.  (+info)

Factors associated with AIDS risk behaviors among high school students in an AIDS epicenter. (5/76)

BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the determinants of risky behaviors is an essential precursor to the development of successful AIDS prevention programs for adolescents. METHODS: A survey measuring AIDS-related behaviors, beliefs, and knowledge was administered to a sample of 531 10th-grade students residing in an AIDS epicenter. RESULTS: Of the 56.8% of students reporting past-year involvement in sexual intercourse, 67.3% reported unprotected intercourse with low-risk partners, 1.3% reported unprotected intercourse with high-risk partners, and 6.6% reported a past-year history of a sexually transmitted disease. Students whose friends had intercourse and never or inconsistently used condoms, who personally sanctioned intercourse involvement, who believed that the majority of their peers had intercourse, and who perceived low preventive action self-efficacy, were 5.1, 3.0, 2.1, 3.7, and 2.8 times more likely, respectively, to score in the riskier categories of an AIDS behavior index. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that addressing socioenvironmental influences on risky and preventive behaviors may prove to be the most effective AIDS prevention strategy among adolescents.  (+info)

Ineffectiveness of AIDS education and HIV antibody testing in reducing high-risk behaviors among injection drug users. (6/76)

The effectiveness of education in reducing high-risk human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission behaviors was examined in 313 injection drug users. Involvement in high-risk behaviors was assessed via structured interview at study entry and 4 months following the intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to (1) AIDS education, (2) AIDS education with optional HIV antibody testing, or (3) a wait list. The sample as a whole decreased its involvement in high-risk behaviors, but there were no significant differences as a function of experimental group assignment.  (+info)

Prevalence of HIV antibodies in transsexual and female prostitutes. (7/76)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence was studied in an unselected group of 216 female and transsexual prostitutes. Subjects were asked about age, biological sex, marital status, children, length of occupation, sexual practices, and drug abuse history. Blood was drawn on site. All 128 females who did not admit to drug abuse were seronegative; 2 of the 52 females (3.8%) who admitted to intravenous drug abuse were seropositive. In contrast, 11.1% of the 36 male transsexuals (including 3 out of 32 non-drug abusers) were seropositive. The results support the notion that vaginal transmission of HIV is less effective than anal transmission.  (+info)

Predictors of condom accessibility among Hispanics in San Francisco. (8/76)

Ready access to condoms can be an important means of slowing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodeficiency virus. We identified the factors associated with keeping or carrying condoms in a random-digit dialing survey of 522 Hispanic adults aged 18 to 65 years in San Francisco. Overall, more Hispanic men reported having condoms than Hispanic women (55.2% vs 23.8%). Hispanic men also reported much higher levels of risky sexual behavior than Hispanic women. Condom promotion efforts with Hispanics will require different approaches for each gender.  (+info)

The symptoms of intrauterine device migration can vary depending on the location and size of the migrated IUD. Some common symptoms include:

* Abnormal bleeding or spotting
* Painful menstrual cramps
* Difficulty inserting or removing the IUD during routine check-ups
* Fever, chills, or other signs of infection

If intrauterine device migration is suspected, a healthcare provider will typically perform a physical examination and order imaging tests, such as an ultrasound or X-ray, to confirm the location and size of the migrated IUD. Treatment options for intrauterine device migration depend on the severity of the complication and can include:

* Removal of the migrated IUD
* Insertion of a new IUD in a different location
* Antibiotics to treat any underlying infections
* Surgical intervention to repair any damage caused by the migrated IUD.

It is important for women who use intrauterine devices (IUDs) as a form of birth control to be aware of the risk of migration and seek medical attention if they experience any symptoms that may indicate a problem with their IUD. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help detect any issues early on and prevent complications associated with intrauterine device migration.

There are different types of uterine perforation, including:

1. Cervical perforation: A tear in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
2. Uterine wall perforation: A tear or hole in the muscular wall of the uterus, which can be caused by instruments used during surgery or delivery.
3. Endometrial perforation: A tear in the lining of the uterus (endometrium), which is more common during invasive procedures such as hysteroscopy or endometrial ablation.

Symptoms of uterine perforation may include:

* Severe abdominal pain
* Heavy vaginal bleeding
* Fever
* Nausea and vomiting

If you suspect that you have a uterine perforation, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately. Your healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and order imaging tests such as ultrasound or CT scan to confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the damage. Treatment options may include:

1. Observation: In mild cases, the body may be able to heal on its own without any intervention.
2. Surgery: Depending on the severity of the perforation, surgical repair or removal of the damaged tissue may be necessary.
3. Antibiotics: If there is an infection, antibiotics will be prescribed to treat it.
4. Blood transfusions: In cases where there is significant bleeding, blood transfusions may be required.

Prevention of uterine perforation is crucial, and it involves proper training and use of instruments during surgery or delivery, as well as careful monitoring of the patient's condition during these procedures.

Symptoms of PID may include:

* Abdominal pain
* Fever
* Heavy vaginal discharge with a strong odor
* Pain during sex
* Painful urination

PID can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as pelvic exams, ultrasound, or blood tests. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection, and may also involve hospitalization for severe cases. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair any damage caused by the infection.

Preventive measures for PID include:

* Safe sexual practices, such as using condoms and avoiding sexual intercourse during outbreaks of STIs
* Regular gynecological exams and screening for STIs
* Avoiding the use of douches or other products that can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina.

Symptoms of salpingitis may include:

* Pain in the lower abdomen
* Fever
* Abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting
* Abdominal tenderness
* Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosis of salpingitis is typically made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as pelvic ultrasound, endometrial biopsy, and laparoscopy. Treatment usually involves antibiotics to clear up any underlying infections, as well as pain management and other supportive measures. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected fallopian tube or tubes.

Salpingitis can have serious complications if left untreated, such as chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy (when an embryo implants outside of the uterus). Therefore, it is important for women who experience any symptoms of salpingitis to seek medical attention promptly.

Symptoms of a uterine hemorrhage may include:

* Vaginal bleeding that may be heavy or light in flow
* Pain in the lower abdomen
* Pain during sexual activity
* Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods
* Unusual discharge from the vagina

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Uterine hemorrhages can be diagnosed through a physical examination and imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the bleeding, but may include medications to control bleeding, surgery to remove fibroids or polyps, or hysterectomy in severe cases.

It is important to note that while uterine hemorrhages can be managed with appropriate medical care, they can also be life-threatening if left untreated. Seeking prompt medical attention and following the advice of your healthcare provider are crucial to preventing complications and ensuring a successful outcome.

Actinomycosis is often difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are non-specific and can mimic other conditions, such as cancer or tuberculosis. A definitive diagnosis requires a combination of clinical findings, radiologic imaging, and microbiological cultures. Treatment usually involves long-term antibiotics, surgical drainage of abscesses, and management of complications.

Actinomycosis can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in adults and rarely seen in children. The infection can be acquired through direct inoculation of the bacteria into the skin or mucous membranes, or through hematogenous spread from a primary site of infection.

The risk factors for developing actinomycosis include poor oral hygiene, dental procedures, surgical trauma, and exposure to contaminated soil or water. The infection can also be associated with underlying conditions such as immunosuppression, diabetes, and chronic lung disease.

In conclusion, actinomycosis is a rare and chronic bacterial infection that can affect various parts of the body, causing inflammation and formation of abscesses. It can be difficult to diagnose and treat, and requires a comprehensive approach involving antibiotics, surgery, and management of complications.

Causes of Menorrhagia

There are several potential causes of menorrhagia, including:

1. Hormonal imbalance: Hormonal changes can lead to an imbalance in the uterus, causing excessive bleeding.
2. Uterine fibroids: These noncancerous growths in the uterus can cause heavy bleeding during menstruation.
3. Adenomyosis: This condition occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle of the uterus, leading to heavy bleeding.
4. Endometrial polyps: These are growths that can develop on the lining of the uterus and cause heavy bleeding.
5. Thyroid disorders: Both hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) can cause menorrhagia.
6. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): This is an infection of the reproductive organs that can cause scarring and lead to heavy bleeding.
7. IUDs: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) can cause heavy bleeding, especially during the first few months after insertion.
8. Medications: Certain medications such as anticoagulants and anti-inflammatory drugs can increase the risk of menorrhagia.
9. Bleeding disorders: Women with bleeding disorders, such as von Willebrand disease or platelet dysfunction, may experience heavy menstrual bleeding.
10. Cancer: In rare cases, menorrhagia can be a symptom of uterine cancer.

Symptoms of Menorrhagia

The primary symptom of menorrhagia is heavy menstrual bleeding that lasts for more than 7 days or bleeds that are heavier than usual. Other symptoms may include:

1. Soaking through sanitary products every hour or two
2. Using double sanitary products (e.g., a pad and a tampon) to control bleeding
3. Bleeding that lasts for more than 7 days
4. Menstrual blood clots larger than a quarter
5. Painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea)
6. Passing large blood clots during bowel movements or urination
7. Fatigue, dizziness, or fainting due to anemia
8. Weakness or shortness of breath

Diagnosis and Treatment of Menorrhagia

If you experience any of the symptoms of menorrhagia, it is important to see a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment. The healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and may order one or more of the following tests to determine the cause of heavy menstrual bleeding:

1. Complete Blood Count (CBC) to check for anemia and other blood abnormalities
2. Blood smear examination to look for abnormal cells or blood clotting disorders
3. Ultrasound to evaluate the uterus and ovaries
4. Endometrial biopsy to examine the lining of the uterus
5. Hysteroscopy to visualize the inside of the uterus
6. Laparoscopy to evaluate the pelvic organs

Treatment for menorrhagia depends on the underlying cause and may include:

1. Medications such as hormonal contraceptives, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or iron supplements to control bleeding and anemia
2. Surgical procedures such as endometrial ablation or hysterectomy in severe cases that do not respond to other treatments
3. Lifestyle changes such as avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods, as well as taking regular exercise and maintaining a healthy diet
4. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to regulate hormonal imbalances
5. Platelet transfusions or blood transfusions in cases of severe bleeding

It's important to note that menorrhagia can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition, so it's essential to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following:

1. Prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding (more than 7 days)
2. Bleeding between periods or after sex
3. Painful periods or difficulty using tampons
4. Fever, chills, or vomiting during menstruation
5. Unusual vaginal discharge or odor
6. Abdominal pain or bloating

Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent complications of menorrhagia, such as anemia, fatigue, and infertility.

Foreign-body migration refers to the movement or migration of a foreign object or material within the body over time. This can occur after a surgical procedure, injury, or other medical intervention where a foreign object is introduced into the body. The term "foreign body" includes any object or material that is not naturally present within the body, such as implants, sutures, staples, and other medical devices.

The migration of a foreign body can occur due to various factors, including:

1. Mechanical forces: Movement of the body, such as during exercise or daily activities, can cause the foreign object to shift position or migrate to another part of the body.
2. Biological forces: The body's natural healing processes and inflammatory responses can cause the foreign object to move or change shape over time.
3. Chemical forces: Corrosion or degradation of the foreign material can lead to its migration within the body.
4. Cellular forces: Cells in the body can surround and interact with the foreign object, leading to its movement or displacement.

The migration of a foreign body can have significant clinical implications, including:

1. Pain and discomfort: The movement of a foreign object within the body can cause pain, discomfort, and inflammation.
2. Infection: The migration of a foreign object can increase the risk of infection, particularly if the object is made of a material that is susceptible to bacterial growth.
3. Organ damage: If the migrated foreign object damages surrounding tissues or organs, it can lead to serious complications and long-term health problems.
4. Revision surgery: In some cases, the migration of a foreign body may require revision surgery to remove or reposition the object.

To prevent foreign-body migration, medical professionals use various techniques, such as:

1. Implant fixation: Implants can be fixed in place using bone screws, sutures, or other fixation devices to minimize their movement.
2. Biocompatible materials: Using biocompatible materials for implants and other medical devices can reduce the risk of foreign-body reaction and migration.
3. Proper surgical technique: Surgeons must use proper surgical techniques when inserting foreign objects into the body, such as using a sterile environment and appropriate insertion angles.
4. Postoperative care: Proper postoperative care, including antibiotics and pain management, can help prevent complications and promote healing.

Overall, preventing the migration of foreign bodies is essential to ensure successful medical outcomes and minimize the risk of complications.

Also known as: Menstrual Disorders, Menstrual Abnormalities, Dysmenorrhea, Amenorrhea, Oligomenorrhea, Polymenorrhea.

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She enthusiastically promotes condoms as the best all-around contraceptive device. After discussing the merits of prophylactics ... Krause has not been daunted by Cuban male's abhorrence of contraceptive responsibility. ... Books such as "Man and Woman, Intimate by Dr. Siegfried Schabl, which dealt with the subject of homosexuality comprehensively ...
An equally large industry has emerged to provide contraceptive devices designed to prevent conception. Their effectiveness in ... In males 40-69 years old, 50% of the seminiferous tubules contain mature sperm. In males 80 years old and older, 10% of the ... A large scale study in Israel suggested that the children of men 40 or older were 5.75 times more likely than children of men ... In studies that controlled for female partner's age, comparisons between men under 30 and men over 50 found relative decreases ...
... men's attitudes towards convenience, and a significant lack of funding. Several implantable devices have been attempted, both ... An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small contraceptive device, often 'T'-shaped, which is implanted into the uterus. They can be ... A contraceptive implant is an implantable medical device used for the purpose of birth control. The implant may depend on the ... "Male Contraceptive Implant Gets Trial Run". ABC News Internet Ventures. 11 July 2001. Retrieved 17 March 2016. ...
Unwanted pregnancy was a distinct possibility since there were no commonly available contraceptive drugs or devices. The ... A few settler women and children and the few men who did not leave their family worked right alongside the men but most men who ... of the male miners were married men who had left their families to try their luck in California. Many men returned to their ... Equilibrium female-male number parity would take till the 1950 census with a total population of 10,586,000; 5,296,000 males ...
These methods include the use of implants or intrauterine devices (IUDs) as well as permanent methods like female or male ... Contraceptive use was lower among Muslims, living in rural areas and Sylhet Division. A 2014 report found that the pill remains ... Contraceptive use is important to slow population growth as well as a reduction in neonatal mortality, maternal mortality and ... Usage rates of male sterilization, despite being much cheaper than female sterilization, remain very low at only 1%. Knowledge ...
Non-hormonal contraceptive methods include the copper intrauterine device (ParaGard), male and female condoms, male and female ... male condoms (14.5%), male sterilization (8.8%), intrauterine device (4.9%), withdrawal (4.6%).Depo-Provera is used by 2.9%, ... New forms of intrauterine devices were introduced in the 1960s, increasing popularity of long acting reversible contraceptives ... In 2006-2008, the most popular contraceptive methods among those at risk of unintended pregnancy were oral contraceptive pills ...
Today, oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and male and female condoms are available for free at public health ... Although abortion is not permitted, other methods of contraceptives such as oral contraceptives, condoms, and tubal ligation ... The United Nations reports that there has been a decline in the 1990s of contraceptive usage due to access and supply ... It appears that over the counter contraceptives have also become popular since the 1990s. ...
A contraceptive sponge set inside its open package. The current intrauterine devices (IUD) are small devices, often 'T'-shaped ... Usage of male forms of birth control has decreased between 1985 and 2009. Contraceptive use among women in Sub-Saharan Africa ... Emergency contraceptive methods are medications (sometimes misleadingly referred to as "morning-after pills") or devices used ... They include male condoms, female condoms, cervical caps, diaphragms, and contraceptive sponges with spermicide. Globally, ...
Tone, Andrea (2002). Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America. New York: Hill and Wang. p. 50. ISBN 0-8090- ... "Trojan Man Makes a Riotous Return as your Guide to The Big Sexy World". "20 People Freaked Out by Spotify's Holiday Condom Ads ... Tone, Andrea (2002). Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America. New York: Hill and Wang. p. 188. ISBN 0-8090- ... picking apart the dumbest notions that a young man or woman might be exposed to as they come of age, with topics ranging from ...
Pregnancy can be avoided with the use of contraceptives such as condoms and intrauterine devices. Human reproduction naturally ... The male reproductive system contains two main divisions: the testes where sperm are produced, and the penis which discharges ... During this process, the man inserts his erect penis into the woman's vagina and then either partner initiates rhythmic pelvic ... It typically involves sexual intercourse between a sexually mature human male and female. During sexual intercourse, the ...
"Male contraceptive device", WIPO, 5 septembre 1990 (read online [archive], consulted on 19 March 2018). Louise Pluyaud, " La ... "Heat Methods of Male Contraception". Frontiers in nonhormonal male contraception. Male Contraception Information Project. ... Wearing a device that presses the man's testicles against his body on a daily basis can raise their temperature by 2 °C and ... A contraceptive device using body heat was patented by Schopp Andreas in 1999. The production of sperm can be disrupted with a ...
Non-infectious causes of cervicitis can include intrauterine devices, contraceptive diaphragms, and allergic reactions to ... Cervicitis in women has many features in common with urethritis in men and many cases are caused by sexually transmitted ... This also includes a device inserted into the pelvic area (i.e. a cervical cap, IUD, pessary, etc.); an allergy to spermicides ... "Classifications for Intrauterine Devices , CDC". 2020-04-09. Retrieved 2020-04-24. "Cervicitis - Symptoms and ...
Men are also discouraged from supporting contraceptive use as many believe that it will encourage their wives to be unfaithful ... There are often negative social stigmas that are attached to the use or implantation of contraceptive devices which further ... Measures taken to provide contraceptive security may include strengthening contraceptive supply chains, forming contraceptive ... Contraceptive security is an individual's ability to reliably choose, obtain, and use quality contraceptives for family ...
An intrauterine device (IUD), also known as intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD or ICD) or coil, is a small, often T-shaped ... devices fail about 0.2% of the time within the first year of use. In comparison, male sterilization and male condoms have a ... Grimes, D.A. (2007). Hatcher, R.A.; Nelson, T.J.; Guest, F.; Kowal, D. (eds.). "Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)". Contraceptive ... "IUD (intrauterine device)". Contraception guide. NHS Choices. Retrieved 2 March 2014. the intrauterine device, or IUD ( ...
... he also sold contraceptive devices. The book, cheaply produced, had reached a 14th edition by 1876; in all there were 35 ... It became a one-man campaign, ending in 1880 when the Society closed down. Truelove had displayed Moral Physiology in his shop ... ISBN 978-1-136-01062-0. George Howell; David John Rowe (1972). A History of the Working Men's Association from 1836 to 1850. ...
The Population Council also announced in 2018 that their contraceptive gel for men had entered phase two clinical trials, ... contraceptive vaginal ring Annovera obtained FDA approval in 2018. The device lasts a year and does not require refrigeration ... "Nestorone®/Testosterone Transdermal Gel for Male Contraception". Population Council. Retrieved 8 April 2021 ... and worked on the FP2020 pledge to grant access to contraceptives and family planning to 120 million girls and women in the ...
"The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive devices". American Journal of Obstetrics and ... Etonogestrel has been studied for use as a potential male contraceptive. Ethinylestradiol/etonogestrel Ryan KJ (1999). ... "Nexplanon (etonogestrel) contraceptive implants: Reports of device in vasculature and lung". Archived from the original on 2016 ... Raymond EG (2011). "Contraceptive Implants". In Hatcher RA, Nelson TJ, Guest F, Kowal D (eds.). Contraceptive technology (19th ...
It condemned pornography, most forms of birth control and contraceptive devices (with the exception of the condom), ... Mussolini perceived women's primary role to be childbearers while men were warriors, once saying that "war is to man what ... Fascist Italy regarded the promotion of male sexual excitation before puberty as the cause of criminality amongst male youth. ... Viva il Duce ("Long live the Leader"). La guerra è per l'uomo come la maternità è per la donna ("War is to man as motherhood is ...
An advocate of birth control, she lectured on contraceptive techniques and sold a women's contraceptive device, a rubber ... She advocated a more balanced partnership between men and women in marriage. She planned to study medicine at the University of ...
... reversible male contraceptives, or female contraceptives through the use of intravaginal contraceptive devices. Moreover, as ... Burck P.J., Zimmerman R.E. An intravaginal contraceptive device for the delivery of an acrosin and hyaluronidase inhibitor" ... In rabbit models, an intravaginal contraceptive device that secreted tetradecyl sodium sulfate, a known inhibitor of acrosin ... Acrosin regulation has been found to occur through protein C inhibitor (PCI). PCI is present in the male reproductive tract at ...
Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, such as intrauterine device (IUD) and implant are highly effective and convenient ... Moreover, condoms are one of the most common contraceptive methods in transgender men, while another subset report no ... Europe and Asia are on par: Europe has a 69% contraceptive use rate and 10% unmet need, Asia has a 68% contraceptive use and 10 ... Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; et al. (eds.). Contraceptive ...
... which governs medicines and medicinal devices. Bill S-15 repealed the reference to contraceptives in the Criminal Code, but ... The two offences had been used to criminalise homosexual acts between men. The British Parliament's adoption of the Sexual ... A related bill, introduced and passed at the same time, decriminalised the sale of contraceptives. The Act also regulated ... which decriminalised contraceptives and brought them under the regulatory power of the Food and Drugs Act, ...
When U.S. customs confiscated the package as illegal contraceptive devices, Sanger helped file a lawsuit. In 1936, a federal ... these same men often neglected to actually use the devices. The French medical professor Jean Astruc wrote his own anti-condom ... to male-controlled contraceptive methods that might have been condoms, but most historians interpret them as referring to ... There were still a few state laws against buying and selling contraceptives, and advertising condoms as birth control devices ...
13 March 2006). "Roe for men?" Retrieved 17 December 2007. "ROE vs. WADE… FOR MEN: Men's Center files pro-choice ... Many unintended pregnancies stem from traditional contraceptive methods or no contraceptive measures. Youth sexual education in ... Health care providers often discuss contraception theoretically, not as a device to be used on a regular basis. Decisions ... Recently men's reproductive right with regards to paternity have become subject of debate in the U.S. The term "male abortion" ...
... with 26 percent using modern contraceptive methods (MCM), such as female and male sterilization, pill, intrauterine device, ... The latest intervention that could improve men's sexual health is male circumcision. The 2015 maternal mortality rate per ... Prevention now includes voluntary male circumcision, although sexual behaviors among circumcised men need more understanding. ... Issues affecting men including violence, sexually transmitted diseases, prostate cancers, infertility, HIV, and non- ...
It also includes a contraceptive device but does not include a drug." The term covers a wide range of health or medical ... "ar·ma·men·tar·i·um". Retrieved 14 November 2013. "International Medical Device Regulators Forum". ... Class IIb Devices: Slightly more complex than IIa devices, class IIb devices are generally medium to high risk and will often ... Such devices require only for the manufacturer to complete a Technical File. Class Is Devices: Class Is devices are similarly ...
Section 17 explicitly makes the import or sale of contraceptive devices illegal. 3 March - in his Lenten pastoral the Thomas ... 20 January - forty men from the Connemara Gaeltacht travel to County Meath to inspect the area which is to be settled by ...
This program makes contraceptive devices like condoms and several different forms of birth control pills more readily available ... As of December 2011, two male and one female Javan leopard were kept in Tierpark Berlin, Germany; and one male and one female ... In 2013, one male Javan leopard was transferred from Tierpark Berlin to the Prague Zoo. Morphological research indicates that ... As of 2007, the Taman Safari Zoo in Bogor, Indonesia, kept 17 Javan leopards - seven males and 10 females, of which four were ...
Contraceptive measures that lead to male sterility, are not ever permitted for their interfering with a man's obligation, only ... or an intrauterine device) is preferred by most authorities. Fertility awareness methods (modern improvements over the rhythm ... Because the commandant for this duty rests on the man, any form of male contraception or sterilization is prohibited by ... The Midrash of Genesis speaks of the origins of oral contraceptives: "In the early time of creation, in the time of Lemech, a ...
Medical devices used for biopsy of the cervix include punch forceps. Colposcopic impression, the estimate of disease severity ... Long-term use of oral contraceptives is associated with increased risk of cervical cancer in women who have had HPV. Women who ... It was more common in the second wives of men whose first wives had died from cervical cancer. It was rare in Jewish women. In ... Women who have sex with men who have many other sexual partners or women who have many sexual partners have a greater risk. Of ...
... such as the contraceptive implant or intrauterine device (IUD), both of which can be inserted immediately after delivery while ... Male physicians began to replace female midwives in Europe and the United States in the 1700s. The rise in status and ... The conservatives argued that it was immoral for a woman to be exposed in such a way in front of a man. For that reason, many ... The majority of guidebooks related to pregnancy and childbirth were written by men who had never been involved in the birthing ...
... intrauterine devices (IUDs), and contraceptive patches), or throwing away (or simply lying about the consumption of) oral ... Furthermore, one study of males between the age of 18-35 who had ever had sex found that 4.1% had attempted to compel a partner ... not informing a partner after ceasing the use of female-controlled contraception or removing contraceptive devices, and not ... contraceptive implants, or contraceptive injections), and assessing their patient's safety prior to notifying partners about ...
United States v. Jones, 565 U.S. 400 (2012) Attaching a GPS device to a vehicle and then using the device to monitor the ... v. Day, 370 U.S. 348 (1962) Images of naked men are not, per se, obscene, extending Olesen in a way that spurred an increase in ... and advertisement of contraceptives to both adults and minors are unconstitutional. Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 ( ... A statute that gives benefits to the spouses of male members of the uniformed services, but not to the spouses of female ...
One ancient Greek male idea of female sexuality was that women envied penises of males. Wives were considered a commodity and ... This belief leads to the rape myth - even when women resist sexual advances they are using it merely as a seductive device. On ... In 1992, the government of Japan justified its continued refusal to allow oral contraceptives to be distributed in Japan on the ... Acceptable male partners were social inferiors such as prostitutes, entertainers, and slaves. Sex with freeborn male minors was ...
... reducing the reliance of women on men for contraceptive practice, encouraging the delay of marriage, and increasing pre-marital ... Pharmaceutical companies may deal in generic or brand medications and medical devices. They are subject to a variety of laws ... "Why the Oral Contraceptive Is Just Known as "The Pill"". Smithsonian Magazine. Archived from the original ... The history of the development of oral contraceptives is thus closely tied to the birth control movement and the efforts of ...
The guerrillas were issued contraceptive devices at a clinic in Morelia which the government had helped found and fund. Nor was ... The Man and the Mask, (Duke University Press, 2007) ISBN 0-8223-3995-1 Page 119 The War Against Oblivion : The Zapatista ... who had come to Mexico as a young man and become an accomplished photographer, specializing in architectural photography". ... the encouragement and distribution of contraceptives restricted to the guerrillas themselves. Marcos believed that one of the ...
In November 2019, Baker signed into law a bill banning the use of handheld electronic devices while driving. The bill went into ... Foran, Clare (August 3, 2016). "A Step Toward Equal Pay for Men and Women". The Atlantic. Atlantic Media. Retrieved September ... when the Trump administration issued new regulations allowing insurers and employers to opt out of contraceptive mandates, ... Zimmerman, Rachel (April 13, 2017). "New WPI Center Aims To Accelerate Smart Medical Device Production". WBUR. Retrieved June ...
Shafik, Ahmed (May 1992). "Contraceptive efficacy of polyester-induced azoospermia in normal men". Contraception. 45 (5): 439- ... Fetal Acoustic Stimulation Device, patent ES2546919B1, granted 29 September 2015 to Luis y Pallarés Aniorte and Maria Luisa ... doi:10.1111/j.1465-5922.1996.00165.x. Mills, C.; Llewelyn, M.; Kelly, D.; Holt, P. (1996). "A man who pricked his finger and ... Economics: Kuo Cheng Hsieh, for patenting a device to catch bank robbers by ensnaring them in a net. Linguistics: Juan Manuel ...
The Ruler of the Universe is a man living in a small shack on a world that can only be reached with a key to an improbability ... As a final note, Zaphod explains that his great-grandfather is "the Fourth" due to an accident with a contraceptive and a time ... Having wasted most of the period of time failing to create a cloaking device, he hired a company to simply remove the mountain ... Zaphod describes being bored by a man in a shack and his cat for over a year. Appears in: Fit the Twelfth of the radio series ...
Substantial numbers of men who have sex with men in developed countries use lubricants containing nonoxynol-9.[citation needed ... or other devices that release the active ingredient(s) over a longer period). Some of these agents are being developed for ... it remains a contraceptive option for women at low risk. Efforts are underway to develop safe and effective topical ... The trial, CAPRISA 004, was conducted among 889 women to evaluate the ability of 1% tenofovir gel to prevent male-to-female HIV ...
The study also showed that abusers are overwhelmingly men. A total of 365 women were killed by men in the first 11 months of ... It was conceived in 2012 as a device to generate public awareness concerning the rising number of deaths due to domestic ... Turkish women have the right to freely exercise abortions in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy and the right to contraceptive ... "Man who 'kicked woman in face for wearing shorts' told police he would be 'less aroused' if she had worn trousers". The ...
Progestin is present in the combined oral contraceptive pill and the hormonal intrauterine device (IUD). Combined oral ... In trans men who take testosterone and have not had a hysterectomy, the conversion of testosterone into estrogen via ... This risk reduction continues for at least fifteen years after contraceptive use has been stopped. Obese women may need higher ... contraceptives reduce risk more the longer they are taken: by 56% after four years, 67% after eight years, and 72% after twelve ...
... earlier permitted termination of the pregnancy by only a married woman in the case of failure of contraceptive method or device ... However, awareness among men and women about legality as well as availability of abortion services is very low. IDF too has ... As a fallout of lockdown due to COVID-19, over 20 million couples in the country were deprived from availing contraceptives and ... services a week before the lockdown and issued a guidance advising that sterilizations and intrauterine contraceptive devices ( ...
It was also found that males and LGB individuals are more likely to report being in an open relationship, with 33% of gay men, ... Neither barrier device use (such as condoms) nor more vigilant STI testing and vaccination can fully eliminate such risk, but ... ISBN 978-0-80183-935-1. Hatcher, Robert Anthony; M.D, Anita L. Nelson (2007). Contraceptive Technology. Ardent Media. pp. 297- ... A survey taken by gay men's "health and life magazine", FS Magazine, of the 1,006 gay men they surveyed 41% are in, or have ...
Redberg RF, Dhruva SS (June 2011). "Medical device recalls: get it right the first time: Comment on "Medical device recalls and ... Zuckerman, D (March 2013). "Hip implant failure for men and women: what and when we need to know. Comment on 'Sex and risk of ... Ronio Caryn Rabin (May 3, 2015). "Long-Term Data on Complications Adds to Criticism of Essure Contraceptive Implant". The New ... Based on FDA data, the authors determined that most of the devices that were high-risk recalls had never been studied in ...
Male collection kits are used for sending semen to a laboratory for analysis, for sending semen to a partner for artificial ... Contraceptive condoms are generally made of latex, and are designed for contraception and preventing spread of sexually ... A conception device is a medical device which is used to assist in the achievement of a pregnancy, often, but not always, by ... The device comprises a hollow, vertically supported column, having a closed lower end, and an open upper end. This device ...
They showed that silicone breast implants did not cause connective tissue diseases or gammopathies; that oral contraceptives ... one medical device, and published over 400 papers, books, book chapters,etc. Henkel 2009. New York Times 1991. Liang et al. ... the first convincing evidence that the anti-phospholipid antibody was a risk factor for thromboembolic disease in healthy men. ... did not prevent rheumatoid arthritis; and that women risked developing lupus from oral contraceptives and post-menopausal ...
"Contraceptive devices: subcutaneous delivery systems". Expert Review of Medical Devices. 5 (5): 623-637. doi:10.1586/17434440.5 ... In healthy young men, levonorgestrel alone at a dose of 120 to 240 μg/day orally for 2 weeks suppressed testosterone levels ... These formulations are used as emergency contraceptives, normal contraceptives, or in menopausal hormone therapy for the ... Levonorgestrel is currently the most androgenic progestin that is used in contraceptives, and contraceptives containing ...
These rates are roughly equivalent to the effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraceptives such as intrauterine devices ... such as oral contraceptive pills or male condoms. (See also: Comparison of birth control methods) Many forms of female- ... and contraceptive implants, and slightly less effective than permanent male sterilization through vasectomy. These rates are ... "Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide" (PDF). Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, United Nations. ...
The contraceptive use rate in the country is about 66.9% a little high compared to other countries. Mexico contains a variety ... IUDs (Intrauterine Devices) are the most popular forms of contraception, these will be inserted during these visits. ... In Mexico, approximately 46.2% are below the poverty line, the average life expectancy is 76.7 years, 73.9 years in males, and ... Traditionally, the placenta is buried at the home, with a male's placenta being buried under the porch and a female's being ...
Aitken started to focus his future study on clinical research into male contraceptives, androgen physiology, and male ... Since 2016, he has been working alongside Memphasis to develop "Felix", a device which uses a patented cell separation ... Besides discovering oxidative stress, Aitken also improved the male contraceptive vaccine in later years. His paper in the ... In more recent years, Aitken has been focusing on translational research in male contraception and male infertility. ...
New forms of intrauterine devices were introduced in the 1960s, increasing popularity of long acting reversible contraceptives ... Condoms were sold in vending machines in some public restrooms, and men spent twice as much on condoms as on shaving. Although ... New York state law prohibited the distribution of contraceptives or even contraceptive information, but Sanger hoped to exploit ... By 1938, over 400 contraceptive manufacturers were in business, over 600 brands of female contraceptives were available, and ...
Reich would talk to the teenagers and men, while a gynaecologist fitted the women with contraceptive devices, and Lia Laszky, ... He asked his male patients to undress down to their shorts, and sometimes entirely, and his female patients down to their ... His students in the United States came to know him as a man that no colleague, no matter how close, called by his first name. ... With the tutor ordered out of the house, Reich was sent to an all-male gymnasium in Czernowitz. It was during this period that ...
The IUD was never widely used due to a relatively high contraceptive failure rate of 2.9% and the requirement of annual ... A one-year progesterone intrauterine device (IUD) for hormonal birth control was previously available in the United States and ... and levels of progesterone in men are 0.12 to 0.3 ng/mL. During pregnancy, levels of progesterone in the first 4 to 8 weeks are ... A progesterone vaginal ring and progesterone intrauterine device are also available as pharmaceutical products. Progesterone is ...
The mention of Article 52(2) and/or (3) EPC is tangential in the following cases: In decision T 820/92, (Contraceptive method/ ... a device capable of reaching diagnostic conclusions can be used. As an intellectual exercise, pursuant to Article 52(2) EPC, ... Provision of product specific data/MAN). November 15, 2006, T 154/04 (Estimating sales activity / DUNS LICENSING ASSOCIATES). ... whereas the method carried out by the device might well represent an invention within the meaning of this provision." March 22 ...
Thus, Lana is struck hard by the bitter irony that "Vernon O'Valeron" turns out to be another such man, compounded by the fact ... All the women of Valeron have recently been made sterile by a "contraceptive bomb", prompting Vartox to search for the best ... Power Girl accidentally breaks Vartox's containment device, making it impossible to send the Negaspike back. She attempts to ... Vartox journeys to Earth in order to lure the man responsible, Frank "Killer" Sykes, to Valeron. Vartox tricks Sykes into ...
Results of search for su:{Contraceptive devices, Male.} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ... Male involvement in reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health. by United Nations Population Fund. ... Male latex condom: specification,prequalification and guidelines for procurement, 2010. by World Health Organization , UNAIDS ...
... long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), which include contra-ceptive implants and intrauterine devices; and the male ... Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. Access data table for Figure 2 ... Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. Access data table for Figure 3 ... Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. Access data table for Figure 4 ...
Contraceptive Devices [‎1]‎. Contraceptive Devices, Male [‎1]‎. Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic [‎1]‎. ...
Categories: Contraceptive Devices, Male Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Men such as these: A Memorial Day reflection * Mary for Today provides timeless insights for our deeply confused age ... The BBC reported that the judge decided that an implanted contraceptive device would be in the best interests of the woman, who ... Denver Newsroom, Apr 23, 2020 / 02:35 pm (CNA).- A British judges order requiring a contraceptive device be implanted in a ... "On this basis, the judge concluded that an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) would be in the womans best interests," he ...
Current Contraceptive Status Among Women Aged 15-49: United States, 2015-2017 - Featured Topics from the National Center for ... long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), which include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices; and male condom. ... oral contraceptive pill (12.6%), long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) (10.3%), and male condom (8.7%). ... patterns of use are described for the four most commonly used contraceptive methods: female sterilization; oral contraceptive ...
Oral contraceptives, Norplant®, Depo- Provera®, and barrier devices with spermicide are acceptable contraceptive methods; ... Male and female subjects age 18 or older.. *Subjects who are able to provide written informed consent and to comply with study ... For male subjects: intent to procreate during the duration of the study or within 4 months after discontinuation or ... For female subjects: Positive pregnancy test, presently breast-feeding, or unwillingness to use effective contraceptive ...
... who planned to have her device replaced when it expires. "I love that I spend less [money] than men for contraceptives," she ... Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are nearly fail-safe when it comes to pregnancy prevention. Two types of IUDs are available: the ... The fact that she used to spend a lot more than cisgender men had to "always hit a nerve with me." According to Planned ... She said her doctor suggested her uterus might have been too small for the device. According to a 2018 study published in the ...
... male partners influence on female partners ultimate decision regarding uptake of postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device ... Impact of male partners awareness and support for contraceptives on female intent to use contraceptives in southeast Nigeria. ... Enhancing contraceptive usage by post-placental intrauterine contraceptive devices (PPIUCD) insertion with evaluation of safety ... Studies show a significant impact of male partners intent on the ultimate use of a contraceptive method by a couple; thus, ...
Research shows that men in many countries are interested in male-driven contraceptive methods. In a 2002 survey of 9,000 men in ... biodegradable injectables and a device that acts like a vasectomy but is designed to be reversible. More than 40 methods are ... Two male-driven methods - condoms and withdrawal - currently make up about 26 per cent of worldwide contraceptive use. But male ... A new male contraceptive would have to be at least as effective as the best womens products on the market in order to compete ...
... and commonly used devices in Puerto Rico.. ¶¶Weighted average cost for generic contraceptive pill (78%, $370/y), injectable (14 ... Male condom.. †††Including the cost for checking the placement of IUD in the first year of insertion.. ‡‡‡Weighted average for ... Highly effective contraceptive methods§§. $666 ($533-$799). Triangular. Moderately effective contraceptive methods¶¶. $417 ($ ... Moderately effective methods include oral contraceptive pills, patches, vaginal rings, and injectable contraceptives. Highly ...
Contraceptive implants Foams, jellies Norplant checkup Norplant insertion (also code 4520.0) 3510.0 Contraceptive device ... If male, the physician marks the box and goes on to item 4. But point out that if he/she marks female, he/she must also ... 3 1 11 SEX 1 = Female 2 = Male. 4 1 12 IS PATIENT PREGNANT? 1 = Yes 2 = No 3 = Unknown 4 = Blank/Not applicable. * Survey dates ... 4529.0 Internal prosthetic devices (fit, adjust, remove) Includes: Breast implants Joint prostheses Cardiac pacemaker. 4530.0 ...
... hospital systems operating in Texas reported providing contraceptive devices and medications as well as sterilizations of men ...
Basic facts: Women still have NO PROTECTION beyond talking men into male condoms, so…. once people know about this coverup, ... Due to FDA / NIH /pharmaceutical regulations, a group of barrier method latex devices have been unused in the fight against ... This panty condom is both contraceptive and a prophylactic /disease preventive. REARGUARD Anal protection has ... FACTS today: Men have no options, women have no protection. Talk about this. Tell each other. and then ? We make them OURSELVES ...
The intrauterine device (IUD) is a small plastic T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus. An IUDs contraceptive ... Female condoms are more expensive than male condoms and (like male condoms) can only be used once. ... Contraceptive Options. Contraceptive options include:. *Hormonal contraceptives (such as oral contraceptives, skin patch, ... The intrauterine device (IUD) shown uses copper as the active contraceptive. Others use progesterone in a plastic device. ...
The Organization aims to provide every child, woman and man with the best chance to lead a healthier, longer life. ... injectable contraceptives, intrauterine devices (IUDs), condoms (male and female), emergency contraceptive pills, lactational ... sex workers or men who have sex with men, with SRH services, ... To ensure that women and men have equal access to the necessary ... Therefore, public health actors must be able to identify the factors that put women and men at risk and address these factors ...
Intrauterine device (IUD), -Hormone implants, -Injectable contraceptives, -Oral contraceptives plus a barrier method (male ... 1.For females and males 18 years old or older: females should be on adequate contraception if they are of child-bearing ... Receipt of any investigational new drug or device within 30 days prior to screening or 5 half-lives of the agent ,TAB,( ... Another test will involve placing a small device on a fingertip.. - 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/ ...
... sticks under the skin of dozens of people and tricking them into thinking that they were advanced contraceptive devices. ... However, the man ended up leaving his wife pregnant and having an unplanned baby. Subsequent sperm tests showed that the ... Fake Doctor Allegedly Implants Lollipop Stick Under Peoples Skin as Contraceptives. By Spooky onMay 9th, 2022 Category: News ... A Venezuelan man was recently arrested for allegedly implanting plastic lollipop ...
Safe contraceptives are defined as intra-uterine devices, contraceptive pills or implants and surgical sterilization ... Men and women between 18 - 65 years who suffer from PPTH following a concussion / mild traumatic brain injury Fertile women ... intrauterine devices, surgical contraceptive methods (vasectomy with medical assessment of the surgical success of this ... Combination ATIMP (i.e. one involving a medical device). No D. Committee on Advanced therapies (CAT) has issued a ...
Common interactions include medical device complication among females and foetal exposure during pregnancy among males. I used ... The contraceptive implant, Nexplanon ... Unpredictable bleeding pattern: 1 in 3 - infrequent bleeding, 1 in 4 ... Ibuprofen ( ... During pregnancy among males bleeding throughout the three years of having the Nexplanon service is not intended for any care. ... Intrauterine contraception (IUC). Bleeding is common during the first three months of hormonal contraceptive use. Looking for ...
For male subjects: should be sterilized surgically, or agree to use a medically approved contraceptive method during the study ... intrauterine device, the pill or condoms), before the study drug delivery within 7 days of pregnancy blood test must be ...
All this news about condoms made me think about the humble device. Its use as a contraceptive goes back centuries yet its ... Condoms have other benefits as well: They can help relieve premature ejaculation, may help a man stay erect longer and can be ... There are no side effects, unlike many other forms of contraception, and they make men partners in prevention of pregnancy and ... Maybe its because of its easy accessibility that we tend to pay less attention to condoms than medicalized contraceptives. ...
However, it might take a little while to get used to and some men might get turned off by this barrier birth control device. ... Contraceptive Devices: An Overview. By condomman69 Contraceptive Devices: An Overview. With numerous contraceptives available ... Other devices with similar action are the contraceptive foam and the contraceptive suppositories. Though convenient to use, ... It is a device made of latex and, after coating with spermicide, is inserted into the vagina and up into the cervix. It is an ...
Oral contraceptives Contraceptive implants Foams, jellies 3510.0 Contraceptive device Includes: IUD insertion, removal, checkup ... Male 101,042 10,682 8,817 7,252 3,920 Female 106,083 11,119 9,721 8,961 6,658 Black 30,371 2,647 2,138 1,576 930 Male 14,175 ... MALE MALE MALE MALE MALE MALE , 15 15-24 25-44 45-64 65-74 75 + _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ ... Male 14,175 1,518 2,825 2,439 2,422 1,820 Female 16,196 1,468 2,737 2,671 2,922 2,257 Other 8,602 711 1,321 1,559 1,710 1,356 ...
Contraceptive Device, Male Device, Male Contraceptive Devices, Male Contraceptive Male Contraceptive Device Male Contraceptive ... Contraceptive Device, Male. Device, Male Contraceptive. Devices, Male Contraceptive. Male Contraceptive Device. Male ... Contraceptive devices used by males.. Annotation:. mechanical devices, not chemicals; pregnancy despite use = contraceptive ... Contraceptive Devices, Male - Preferred Concept UI. M0005113. Scope note. Contraceptive devices used by males. ...
Between January 2004 and December 2005, 479 men underwent bilateral vasectomy. The average age of the men was 36.1 (range 21 - ... 4. Wang D. Contraceptive failure in China. Contraception 2002; 66(3): 173-178. [ Links ]. ... intra-uterine device in 0.6%, coitus interruptus in 0.4% and female sterilisation in 0.6%, while 3% used a combination of ... of men providing a first semen sample, and only 25% providing a second.6,12,13 In our series 63.3% of the men returned a single ...
"We also ... have an app called Decide and Be Ready that men and women can use to go through their contraceptive options to ... Cisneros said the department is changing policy on one form of contraception in particular - the intrauterine device, or IUD - ... "A woman or man could come up, get counseling, and decide what contraceptives they need that day." ... Womens Heart Attacks Symptoms Can Differ from Mens: Know the Signs * The British Limeys Were Right: A Short History of ...
If you are male, you and your female partner should use effective birth control during your treatment and for 3 months after ... Tazemetostat may interfere with the action of hormonal contraceptives (birth control pills, patches, rings, implants, or ... device that blocks sperm from entering the uterus such as a condom) to prevent pregnancy during your treatment and for 6 months ... hormonal contraceptives (birth control pills, patches, rings, or injections), indinavir (Crixivan), itraconazole (Onmel, ...
An unpopular and liberal legislator wants chemist shops to put contraceptive devices in prominent view ...
  • Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), which are hormonal pills which the woman takes as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse. (
  • This makes EP055 an ideal candidate for non-hormonal male contraception. (
  • Inhibition of sperm motility in male macaques with EP055, a potential non-hormonal male contraceptive. (
  • abortions procured annually, the question asked by Walker (1996:56) was: "Why not use contraceptives to Contraceptive methods include hormonal prevent an unwanted pregnancy? (
  • Nondaily hormonal contraception: considerations in contraceptive choice and patient counseling. (
  • Bleeding is common during the first three months of hormonal contraceptive use. (
  • First, as you may know, contraceptive research at present focuses heavily on hormones, drugs and invasive devices, such as hormone-releasing IUDs, prostaglandins, injectable progestogens, silastic hormonal skin implants and antipregnancy vaccines. (
  • Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations. (
  • Although contraceptives are available free of charge throughout South Africa, the number of requests for termination of pregnancy (TOP) services continues to increase. (
  • We wanted to focus on men who are not married given the role of contraception in preventing unintended pregnancies and the higher risk for unintended pregnancy among unmarried men. (
  • It is estimated that if all women who want to avoid a pregnancy used modern contraceptives and all pregnant women and newborns received care at the standards recommended by WHO, the benefits would be dramatic. (
  • Common interactions include medical device complication among females and foetal exposure during pregnancy among males. (
  • There are no side effects, unlike many other forms of contraception, and they make men partners in prevention of pregnancy and infection. (
  • Female patients: Current pregnancy or unwilling to take oral contraceptives or refrain from pregnancy if of childbearing potential or currently breastfeeding. (
  • Disorders of pregnancy and their treatment and study of female contraceptives. (
  • Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION). (
  • Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures. (
  • and the male condom. (
  • Female sterilization, the pill, the male condom, and LARCs were the most common methods women reported currently using in 2017-2019. (
  • The most common contraceptive methods currently used among women aged 15-49 were female sterilization (18.1%), the pill (14.0%), LARCs (10.4%), and the male condom (8.4%) ( Figure 2 ). (
  • Current use of female sterilization, the pill, the male condom, and LARCs varied by age. (
  • The percentage of men using any method, any male method, and the male condom was highest for never-married men, followed by formerly married, and currently cohabiting men. (
  • Probably the most famous and most convenient form of birth control is the male condom , commonly made of latex, but also sometimes made of polyurethane or lambskin . (
  • Women in France use the IUD (22%) to a greater extent than women in the United States (5%), whereas the male condom is used by partners of approximately 25% of married women in Spain and the United Kingdom, nearly twice the percentage found in the United States. (
  • Condom is a unique and fantastic medical device that took humans more than two millennia to perfect. (
  • Most-such as birth control pills, vaginal rings, female condoms, and intrauterine devices-rely on the woman. (
  • Men can use male condoms or get a surgical procedure called a vasectomy, which can be difficult to reverse. (
  • We wanted to use the data from men to showcase their first-hand reports, especially for the male methods (condoms, withdrawal and vasectomy). (
  • Higher percentages of men in younger age groups reported using any method of contraception, any male method of contraception, condoms, and withdrawal compared with older unmarried men. (
  • Among unmarried men, higher percentages of younger men used condoms compared to older men. (
  • A higher percentage of non-Hispanic Black men (54.3%) used condoms at last sexual intercourse compared with non-Hispanic white (44.2%) and Hispanic (42.1%) men. (
  • For example, I think some of the key findings from this report-the increase over roughly the last decade in the use of withdrawal among unmarried men and the higher use of condoms among younger and non-Hispanic, Black men-remind us why updating descriptions of contraceptive use is important. (
  • The downside of this birth control device is the need to use fresh condoms for every sexual act. (
  • Though these inserted contraceptives do afford women control over their sexual lives, it is still best to ask your partners to do their part and use some forms of contraceptives themselves, like the use of condoms. (
  • All this news about condoms made me think about the humble device. (
  • Maybe it's because of its easy accessibility that we tend to pay less attention to condoms than medicalized contraceptives. (
  • Condoms are actually very effective contraceptives and, as the Pope realized, they have the added benefit of preventing the transmission of AIDS and most other sexually transmitted infections. (
  • Condoms have other benefits as well: They can help relieve premature ejaculation , may help a man stay erect longer and can be incorporated as part of sex play. (
  • Their requests for TOP services indicated contraception such as "morning after pills", high doses that these women did not plan these pregnancies, yet of oral contraceptives, or the insertion of a copper failed to use contraceptives effectively to prevent preg- containing IUCD within 48-72 hours after unprotected nancies. (
  • It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES. (
  • A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents. (
  • It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES. (
  • Unlike men, females have a range of contraception options like oral contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices (IUD), injections, and many more. (
  • Phexxi - a nonhormonal contraceptive gel. (
  • A lot of recent discussion about contraception focuses on contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices (referred to together as long-acting reversible contraception). (
  • He did have some notion of medical procedures, as he performed the subdermal implants himself, claiming they were " Implanon " an actual contraceptive procedure that involves small plastic rods being implanted under the skin of the upper arm. (
  • Insertion: We provide insertion of Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) devices such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants (Nexplanon) as well as follow up visits, if needed. (
  • When the law takes effect in 2018, insurance plans regulated by Maryland that provide contraceptive coverage will no longer be allowed to charge co-payments for FDA-approved contraceptive drugs, procedures, and devices. (
  • For the sake of discussion, some contraceptives are classified under the barrier birth control method. (
  • However, it might take a little while to get used to and some men might get turned off by this barrier birth control device. (
  • Another barrier birth control device is the sponge, made of polyurethane and is placed on the cervix before the sex act. (
  • At the same time, there is relatively little research on safer and cheaper mechanical and barrier methods, on contraceptives which act locally rather than systemically, or on methods which require no mechanical intervention whatsoever. (
  • It is alarming to note that in 1976 out of $70 million spent worldwide on contraceptive research outside of the drug industry, only $50,000 was spent on barrier method research. (
  • A diaphragm is a device similar to the cervical cap, though made of flexible rubber. (
  • As with the diaphragm and the cervical cap, this birth control device has the risk of toxic shock syndrome when not removed after several hours. (
  • Examples of such safer methods include the cervical cap, diaphragm, contraceptive sponge, ovulation method and thermal sperm control. (
  • Male involvement in reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health. (
  • Research on male reproductive health is an important part of NICHD's mission. (
  • NICHD relies on several organizational units to study different aspects of male reproductive health. (
  • It has responsibility for contraception research and development and for contraceptive and reproductive evaluation. (
  • Endocrinology and neuroendocrinology of male and female reproductive tract. (
  • Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and development of devices related to reproduction. (
  • Which of these is the male reproductive organ in humans? (
  • A lot of the focus in this report is on describing variation in use of "male methods" of contraception, those that require action on the part of the male partner. (
  • Male and female contraceptives based on nonsteroidal action. (
  • 38-year-old Jose Daniel Lopez stands accused of tricking at least 25 women into paying him to implant simple lollipop sticks under their skin as contraceptives, thus causing some of them to become pregnant. (
  • This list include vasectomies and emergency-contraceptive pills. (
  • It is an effective birth control device in such as way that it blocks the sperm from getting into the womb. (
  • Studies of sperm, oocyte and fertilization and male contraceptives. (
  • Particularly good examples are the contraceptive sponge, which requires no fitting, and the ovulation method, which requires no mechanical intervention. (
  • Knowledge about, access to and the actual use of contraceptives did not enable these women to prevent unwanted pregnancies. (
  • More effective counseling about contraceptives' side-effects and enhanced accessibility of contraceptives over weekends and during lunch breaks could enable more women to prevent unwanted pregnancies, reducing the number of requests for TOP services. (
  • The Western Cape Government's Department of Health provides a service that offers counselling on a range of safe, effective and acceptable contraceptive methods from which women, men and teenagers can freely choose to prevent unwanted pregnancies. (
  • All proposals for Phase II programs focused on contraceptive product development must include in vivo product testing. (
  • Applications that include contraceptive target identification or validation. (
  • In 2011-2015, about 60% of unmarried men reported using a male method of contraception at last recent sexual intercourse. (
  • Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis. (
  • The safer contraceptive methods also tend not to require physician intervention, thus providing low cost, easily accessible birth control for more people. (
  • Diego Naranjo, a doctor from Medellin, Colombia, will have to pay millions of pesos to support one of his patients' baby after he assured the man that the vasectomy he had performed had been successful and he no longer needed to use other means of contraception. (
  • Men requesting vasectomy were counselled and given written instructions to use alternative contraception until two semen analyses 3 and 4 months after vasectomy had confirmed azoospermia. (
  • Vasectomy can be performed safely and effectively by junior doctors as an outpatient procedure under local anaesthesia, and should be actively promoted in South Africa as a safe and effective form of male contraception. (
  • 1 Vasectomy is one of the most reliable family planning methods but is underutilised worldwide, accounting for only 5 -10% of contraceptive methods, and in most African countries this figure is much lower. (
  • 4,5 Semen analysis after vasectomy is critical to establish the success of the procedure, but many men fail to return for semen analysis. (
  • Men requesting vasectomy were counselled by a registered nursing professional from the Family Planning Clinic at Tygerberg Hospital. (
  • Using data from the 2017-2019 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), this report provides a snapshot of current contraceptive status, in the month of interview, among women aged 15-49 in the United States. (
  • By supporting research on a variety of contraceptive methods and evaluating their safety and efficacy, NICHD is helping to ensure the health and needs of individuals across the nation and globe are being met. (
  • These inserted devices also need to be reapplied before each and every sexual act in order to achieve efficacy in birth control. (
  • Any proposed product must have characteristics consistent with the ultimate development of a safe, and effective contraceptive acceptable to women and men. (
  • 1.For females and males 18 years old or older: females should be on adequate contraception if they are of child-bearing potential, which should be documented by a clinician, unless patients or their spouse/partner(s) have previously undergone a sterilization procedure. (
  • Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. (
  • Contraceptive devices used by females. (
  • Reducing the proportion of unintended pregnancies will be facilitated by increasing the diversity of acceptable choices available to both men and women. (
  • The institute conducts and supports research on the causes, characteristics, treatments, and impacts of male fertility. (
  • At the Fertility and Infertility Branch (FIB) , the mission is to alleviate infertility, discover new leads on contraceptives, and expand basic scientific knowledge about human reproduction. (
  • We provide male genital exams, testing/treatment for STIs and evaluation of erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. (
  • In cases where insufficient research has resulted in premature approval of contraceptive methods, much larger female populations have been exposed unnecessarily to dangers. (
  • Because of social (gender) and biological (sex) differences, women and men experience different health risks, health-seeking behavior, health outcomes, and health systems responses. (
  • Applications are reviewed in CCHI 10 if the aims involve use of the technology or device to influence health behavior and risk. (
  • In addition, adverse consequences of contraceptive drugs and devices account for a surprisingly large number of hospital admissions, which are both expensive and traumatic for the women involved. (
  • A surgery that prevents a man from getting someone pregnant. (
  • However, the man ended up leaving his wife pregnant and having an unplanned baby. (
  • Details of the procedure and possible complications were discussed with the man and (if available) his spouse or partner, and written informed consent was obtained. (
  • Data not available on use of male and female sterilization in France in 2000. (
  • Current contraceptive use increased with age, from 38.7% among women aged 15-19 to 74.8% among women aged 40-49. (
  • It is reported that the proportion of married women aged between 15 to 49 using any contraceptive method has risen slightly between 1990 and 2007, from 17% to 28% in Africa. (
  • Addressing issues related to infertility in both men and women is a central part of NICHD's mission. (
  • This can be done through the use of contraceptive methods and treatment of involuntary infertility. (
  • All women should be given evidence-based information about expected bleeding patterns during the contraceptive consultation including: Up to 14 percent of women experience irregular or excessively heavy menstrual bleeding. (
  • It is a device made of latex and, after coating with spermicide, is inserted into the vagina and up into the cervix. (
  • There is also the contraceptive film, which contains the spermicide nonoxynol-9. (
  • Multipurpose prevention technology (MPT) products with adequate contraceptive and anti-infective properties. (
  • There are a few key findings in this study on contraception.The report describes contraceptive method use at last recent sexual intercourse (within 3 months before the interview). (