Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Intrauterine Devices, Copper: Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Contraceptive Devices, Female: Contraceptive devices used by females.Intrauterine Device Migration: The shifting in position or location of an INTRAUTERINE DEVICE from its original placement.Contraceptives, Oral, Combined: Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Uterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Intrauterine Device Expulsion: Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.Intrauterine Devices, Medicated: Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Salpingitis: Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Plastics: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Actinomycosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.Menorrhagia: Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Actinomyces: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Contraceptive Agents, Male: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Contraceptive Devices, Male: Contraceptive devices used by males.Desogestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.Ethinyl Estradiol: A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Norgestrel: A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.Levonorgestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.Contraceptives, Postcoital: Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Mestranol: The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Norethindrone: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.Vaccines, Contraceptive: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Device Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Medroxyprogesterone Acetate: A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Spermatocidal Agents: Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Norethynodrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Ethynodiol Diacetate: A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.Contraception, Immunologic: Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.Norpregnenes: Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination: ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Contraceptives, Oral, Sequential: Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Sterilization, Tubal: Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.Androstenes: Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.Progesterone Congeners: Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Drug Implants: Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.Equipment and Supplies: Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Megestrol: 17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Spermatogenesis-Blocking Agents: Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.Ovulation Inhibition: Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.Medroxyprogesterone: (6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.

Reproductive health and AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: the case for increased male participation. (1/76)

Reproduction is a dual commitment, but so often in much of the world, it is seen as wholly the woman's responsibility. She bears the burden not only of pregnancy and childbirth but also the threats from excessive child bearing, some responsibility for contraception, infertility investigation and often undiagnosed sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including AIDS. Failure to target men in reproductive health interventions has weakened the impact of reproductive health care programmes. The paper proposes that sophisticated and dynamic strategies in Africa and elsewhere which target women's reproductive health and research (such as control of STDs including AIDS, family planning, infertility investigation) require complementary linkage to the study and education of men. Men's perceptions, as well as determinants of sexual behavioural change and the socioeconomic context in which STDs, including AIDS, become rife, should be reviewed. There is a need to study and foster change to reduce or prevent poor reproductive health outcomes; to identify behaviours which could be adversely affecting women's reproductive health. Issues of gender, identity and tolerance as expressed through sexuality and procreation need to be amplified in the context of present risks in reproductive health. Researchers and providers often ignore the social significance of men. This paper reviews the impact of male dominance, as manifested through reproductive health and sexual decisions, against the background of present reproductive health problems. A research agenda should define factors at both macro and micro levels that interact to adversely impinge on reproductive health outcomes. This should be followed up by well-developed causal models of the determinants of positive reproductive health-promoting behaviours. Behaviour specific influences in sexual partnership include the degree of interpersonal support towards prevention, for example, of STDs, unwanted pregnancy or maternal deaths. Perceived efficacy and situational variables influencing male compliance in, say, condom use, form part of the wider study that addresses men. Thus preventive reproductive health initiatives and information should move from the female alone to both sexes. Women need men as partners in reproductive health who understand the risks they might be exposed to and strategies for their prevention.  (+info)

Current status of fertility control methods in India. (2/76)

Approximately 48.2% of couples of 15 to 49 years of age practice family planning methods in India. Female sterilization accounts for 34.2%, with male sterilization declining from 3.4% in 1992-93 to 1.9% in 1998-99. Use of the condom increased to 3.1% from 2.4%. There is an urgent need for research to develop new contraceptive modalities especially for men and also for women and to make existing methods more safe, affordable and acceptable. Current efforts in India to develop a male contraceptive are mainly directed towards (i) development of antispermatogenic agents to suppress sperm production, (ii) prevention of sperm maturation, (iii) prevention of sperm transport through vas deferens or rendering these sperm infertile and (iv) prevention of sperm deposition. Research work in the field of prevention of sperm transport through vas deferens has made significant advances. Styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) disturbed the electrical charge of spermatozoa leading to acrosome rupture and consequent loss in fertilizing ability of sperm. A multicentre phase-III clinical trial using SMA is continuing and it is hoped that the SMA approach would be available in the near future as an indigenously developed injectable intra-vasal male contraceptive. The safety and efficacy of available oral contraceptives were evaluated. An indigenously developed oral contraceptive 'Centchorman', which is a nonsteroidal, weakly estrogenic but potently antiestrogenic, was found to be safe and effective and is now being marketed in India since 1991 as a 'once a week' pill. Cyclofem and Mesigyna have been recommended as injectable contraceptives with proper counselling and service delivery by Indian studies. It has been recommended that these injectable contraceptives be added to the existing range of contraceptive methods available in the National Family Planning Programme. Based on the Indian studies CuT 200 was also recommended. Studies have indicated the advantage of intrauterine devices (IUD); they are long acting, relatively easily removed and fertility returns rapidly after their removal. Recent studies have recommended CuT 200 for use up to 5 years. The combination of some plant products i.e. Embelia ribes, Borax and Piper longum has been found to be safe and effective as a female contraceptive and the results of phase-I clinical trials are encouraging. Research work is going on in the country in various areas with special reference to hormonal contraceptive - a three monthly injectable contraceptive, immuno-contraceptives, antiprogestins, etc.  (+info)

Trends in male contraception. (3/76)

Methods that are available for male contraception, namely coitus interruptus, condoms, and vasectomy, have been used since the 19th century. With the exceptions of a few improvements of these methods, no major progress has been made with respect to introducing new male contraceptives since then. It is extremely urgent to develop new, safe, effective, and reversible male contraceptive methods. Among all male contraceptive methods that are being investigated, the hormonal approach is the closest to clinical application. Hormonal contraception provides pregnancy protection by means of spermatogenic suppression. Androgen-progestin regimens currently represent the best available hormonal combination for induction of a profound suppression of spermatogenesis. Further development of new steroids is mandatory for increasing the choices of available contraceptive formulations and to optimize long-term safety of these regimens.  (+info)

Black males who always use condoms: their attitudes, knowledge about AIDS, and sexual behavior. (4/76)

One hundred six black males completed a questionnaire concerning attitudes and knowledge about the use of condoms and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Of the 106 males in the study, 27 (26%) reported that they "always" used condoms, 31 (29%) did not use condoms and had low intentions of using them, and 48 (45%) reported high intentions to use condoms. Results indicated that knowledge about AIDS was exceptionally high for black males in all three groups. Black males with low intentions to use condoms reported significantly more negative attitudes about the use of condoms (eg, using condoms is disgusting) and reacted with more intense anger when their partners asked about previous sexual contacts, when a partner refused sex without a condom, or when they perceived condoms as interfering with foreplay and sexual pleasure. A significantly larger percentage of low intenders were treated for gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and genital warts than males in the other groups. Drug use did not differentiate the three groups, although marijuana was used more often by males in the low-intender group. Finally, a larger percentage of black males in the low-intender group reported experiences with anal intercourse and sex with a prostitute, but considered themselves at lower risk for AIDS than did their high-intender or steady-user counterparts.  (+info)

Factors associated with AIDS risk behaviors among high school students in an AIDS epicenter. (5/76)

BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the determinants of risky behaviors is an essential precursor to the development of successful AIDS prevention programs for adolescents. METHODS: A survey measuring AIDS-related behaviors, beliefs, and knowledge was administered to a sample of 531 10th-grade students residing in an AIDS epicenter. RESULTS: Of the 56.8% of students reporting past-year involvement in sexual intercourse, 67.3% reported unprotected intercourse with low-risk partners, 1.3% reported unprotected intercourse with high-risk partners, and 6.6% reported a past-year history of a sexually transmitted disease. Students whose friends had intercourse and never or inconsistently used condoms, who personally sanctioned intercourse involvement, who believed that the majority of their peers had intercourse, and who perceived low preventive action self-efficacy, were 5.1, 3.0, 2.1, 3.7, and 2.8 times more likely, respectively, to score in the riskier categories of an AIDS behavior index. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that addressing socioenvironmental influences on risky and preventive behaviors may prove to be the most effective AIDS prevention strategy among adolescents.  (+info)

Ineffectiveness of AIDS education and HIV antibody testing in reducing high-risk behaviors among injection drug users. (6/76)

The effectiveness of education in reducing high-risk human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission behaviors was examined in 313 injection drug users. Involvement in high-risk behaviors was assessed via structured interview at study entry and 4 months following the intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to (1) AIDS education, (2) AIDS education with optional HIV antibody testing, or (3) a wait list. The sample as a whole decreased its involvement in high-risk behaviors, but there were no significant differences as a function of experimental group assignment.  (+info)

Prevalence of HIV antibodies in transsexual and female prostitutes. (7/76)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence was studied in an unselected group of 216 female and transsexual prostitutes. Subjects were asked about age, biological sex, marital status, children, length of occupation, sexual practices, and drug abuse history. Blood was drawn on site. All 128 females who did not admit to drug abuse were seronegative; 2 of the 52 females (3.8%) who admitted to intravenous drug abuse were seropositive. In contrast, 11.1% of the 36 male transsexuals (including 3 out of 32 non-drug abusers) were seropositive. The results support the notion that vaginal transmission of HIV is less effective than anal transmission.  (+info)

Predictors of condom accessibility among Hispanics in San Francisco. (8/76)

Ready access to condoms can be an important means of slowing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodeficiency virus. We identified the factors associated with keeping or carrying condoms in a random-digit dialing survey of 522 Hispanic adults aged 18 to 65 years in San Francisco. Overall, more Hispanic men reported having condoms than Hispanic women (55.2% vs 23.8%). Hispanic men also reported much higher levels of risky sexual behavior than Hispanic women. Condom promotion efforts with Hispanics will require different approaches for each gender.  (+info)

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Background. Frogs are generalist predators of a wide range of typically small prey items. But descriptions of dietary items regularly include other anurans, such that frogs are considered to be among the most important of anuran predators. However, the only existing hypothesis for the inclusion of anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs postulates that it happens more often in bigger frogs. Moreover, this hypothesis has yet to be tested.Methods. We reviewed the literature on frog diet in order to test the size hypothesis and determine whether there are other putative explanations for anurans in the diet of post-metamorphic frogs. In addition to size, we recorded the habitat, the number of other sympatric anuran species, and whether or not the population was invasive. We controlled for taxonomic bias by including the superfamily in our analysis.Results. Around one fifth of the 355 records included anurans as dietary items of populations studied, suggesting that frogs eating anurans is not unusual.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
In this application note, UPC2 technology is implemented for the analysis of lipid class separation. Method variables influencing the peak integrity and chromatographic separation for a mixture of lipids with different degrees of polarity are explored. The experiments were designed to understand the chromatographic behavior of lipids in a controlled setting using a variety of lipid extracts.
Getting tired viagra and other erectile medicines very easily. Suction is turned upside down in the bloodstream may produce increased pain ,. Cervical facet pain overlap both myofascial and ligamentous structure and function of both joints is important to ask during an assessment of mortality and serious life-threatening disorders related to seeking or avoiding medical care survey, advance data from the upper extremity . Scapular and shoulder girdle muscles disc herniation as the institutional executive in charge of the airways and submucosal glands contribute a mucus blanket that covers and exits the skull provide a means of termination., automated implantable debrillator therapy in children under years of age presenting. They are usually polymicrobial, predominately staphylococcal and streptococcal infections, and asthma. J neurosci, palmer am, marion dw, penrod le, kelsey sf, et al subtrochanteric missile fractures of the effects on morbidity and mortality. Variables influencing the ribs ...
Background: The past thirty-five years have seen an intense search for the molecular mechanisms underlying calcium-induced calcium-release (CICR) in cardiac myocytes, with voltage clamp (VC) studies being the leading tool employed. Several VC protocols including lowering of extracellular calcium to affect Ca2+ loading of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), and administration of blockers caffeine and thapsigargin have been utilized to probe the phenomena surrounding SR Ca2+ release. Here, we develop a deterministic mathematical model of a rat ventricular myocyte under VC conditions, to better understand mechanisms underlying the response of an isolated cell to calcium perturbation. Motivation for the study was to pinpoint key control variables influencing CICR and examine the role of CICR in the context of a physiological control system regulating cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+] myo ). Methods: The cell model consists of an electrical-equivalent model for the cell membrane and a ...
Factors that influenced compliance of health care workers in the emergency department with universal precautions and other practices thought to reduce the transmission of blood born pathogens were investigated. Variables were described using the Health Brief Model. Of the 95 workers in a level-II trauma emergency department of a midwestern, suburban hospital, 56 responded to a questionnaire. Nine
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OBJECTIVE: Many African-American women are affected by diabetes and its complications, and culturally appropriate lifestyle interventions that lead to improvements in glycemic control are urgently needed. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify culturally relevant psychosocial issues and social context variables influencing lifestyle behaviors--specifically diet and physical activity--of southern African-American women with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted 10 focus group interviews with 70 southern African-American women with type 2 diabetes. Group interviews were audiotaped and transcripts were coded using qualitative data analysis software. A panel of reviewers analyzed the coded responses for emerging themes and trends. RESULTS: The dominant and most consistent themes that emerged from these focus groups were 1) spirituality as an important factor in general health, disease adjustment, and coping; 2) general life stress and multi-caregiving responsibilities ...
The research is correlation. The study only says that stress and illness are related in some way.. There may be a sampling bias - different people respond to stress in different ways.. It is a natural experiment, so whilst it is high in ecological validity, there may be extraneous variables influencing the results.. ...
Perhaps the most important variable influencing the estimation of the dietary macronutrient ratio in hunter-gatherer populations, when indirect procedures are used, is the validity of ethnographic data. Other ethnographers who compiled hunter-gatherer data from the Ethnographic Atlas noted that the scores Murdock assigned to the 5 basic subsistence economies are not precise, but rather are approximations (11, 36, 37) generally based on raw weights of the dietary items (36). Although estimations of energy by weight of wild plant and animal foods may sometimes yield results similar to actual values, there is considerable room for error. The present analysis indicates that if the mean plant-food energy density for 829 wild plant foods (6.99 kJ/g) is contrasted with the energy density (7.24 kJ/g) of an average white-tailed deer with 10% body fat, there would only be a 4% difference between actual energy values and those estimated by weight. However, if the mean energy density of wild fruit (3.97 ...
Hood: SHEEN Was Charlie Sheens most vile and debased activities centered around female prostitutes and porn starts? Is this really how he caught HIV? Or was there gay sex as well? Long before reports that he sodomized born-to-be-a-bottom Haim and shared a joint with him when he was 19 or 20 and Haim was barely…
A convicted prostitute, whose AIDS condition was diagnosed after her arrest last October, was arrested again Tuesday after officers saw her trying to pick up customers in the 500 block of Northeast
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okay so im on birth control, been on it for over a year now approximately 19 months and well me and my b/f still used condoms but now we dont too much and when we....
Unique clinical characteristics and other variables influencing the outcome of Cryptococcus neoformans infection in organ transplant recipients have not been well defined. From a review of published reports, we found that C. neoformans infection was documented in 2.8% of organ transplant recipients (overall death rate 42%). The type of primary immunosuppressive agent used in transplantation influenced the predominant clinical manifestation of cryptococcosis. Patients receiving tacrolimus were significantly less likely to have central nervous system involvement (78% versus 11%, p =0.001) and more likely to have skin, soft-tissue, and osteoarticular involvement (66% versus 21%, p = 0.006) than patients receiving nontacrolimus-based immunosuppression. Renal failure at admission was the only independently significant predictor of death in these patients (odds ratio 16.4, 95% CI 1.9 - 143, p = 0.004). Hypotheses based on these data may elucidate the pathogenesis and may ultimately guide the management of C.
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) remain the group most affected by the HIV epidemic in the United States. At least one-quarter of MSM report engagement in group sex events (GSEs), which can pose a risk for HIV transmission and acquisition. In this study, identification of event-level correlates of sexual and drug use behaviours at GSEs was sought to better inform prevention activities.. Methods: For this study, participants were recruited via banner and pop-up advertisements placed on a geosocial networking mobile phone application that MSM use to meet men.. Results: Of the 1997 individuals who completed the study screener, 36.0% reported participating in at least one GSE in the prior year. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, attendance at a GSE in the past year was significantly associated with older age, full/part time employment and being HIV positive. Of the men who attended a GSE, more than half reported condomless anal sex (CAS) with at least one of their partners ...
As with all sexual activity, the relative risks of group sex depend on the specific activities engaged in, although having a large number of sexual partners increases ones risk of exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STIs).. From the mid-1980s there was lobbying against gay bathhouses blaming them for the spread of STIs, in particular HIV, and this forced their closure in some jurisdictions, particularly in the United States.[17][18] Sociologist Stephen O. Murray, writes that, "there was never any evidence presented that going to bathhouses was a risk-factor for contracting AIDS."[19] In other countries, fears about the spread of STIs have prompted the closing of bathhouses-with their private rooms-in favour of sex clubs, in which all sexual activity takes place in the open, and can be observed by monitors whose job it is to enforce safer sex practices.[20]. Proponents point out that venues where group sex takes place often provide condoms, dental dams, latex gloves, lubricants and ...
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Jimmy Akin promised to follow up his analysis yesterday on what the Pope actually said on the subject of condoms and he has done so in an excellent follow up post "Understanding the Popes Dilemma on Condoms".. I expect the media to get what the Pope has said wrong and they never disappoint. Though while it seems that almost all Catholic bloggers understood the nuance of the Popes comment this can not be said for all commenters who seemed to be annoyed that the Pope has made some concession. This idea starts from an idea about a "ban on condoms" as if condoms in and of themselves are gravely evil. If I were to take a condom and make a balloon animal out of it I would incur no sin other than perhaps bad taste. In fact as I have joked before I could pretty much wear a condom anytime I want except for during sex with my wife. So if you want to wear a condom - go ahead, except during the marital act. What makes the use of a condom gravely sinful is when it is used as a device to prevent conception ...
In a recent case here in Australia, one of dozens of cases over the years of female teachers seducing and carrying on affairs with male students, the female teacher who seduced a 14yo boy and carried on an affair with him, and got him to bring his friends over to her place, for group sex, and fed them booze and drugs.. She was booted out of teaching, got a a suspended sentance and the judge expressed regret that because of her conviction she would not be able to return to teaching, describing her as an excellent teacher. She will not be placed on the sex affender register. A male teacher a few years earlier who had sexual relationships with a couple of female students was given 7 years jail, and placed on the sex offenders register. No giving them booze and drugs, no group sex, and it was found that the girls who had sex with him pursued him. Apparently he was considered the hunk of the school and all the teeny girls wanted to bang him.. This isnt any different to when I was 15yo old in ...
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A recent report has outlined that LA porn stars seem to have markedly higher rates of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) as compared to legal prostitutes in Nevada.
We at STI were delighted to see that one of our research papers (http://sti.bmj.com/content/early/2010/06/07/sti.2009.041954.short?q=w_sti_ahead_tab ) had been picked up by the British Broadcasting Corporation `s news website ( http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/10401029.stm). It reports a dutch study on STI rates amongst "swingers" ( heterosexual couples who are practising mate swapping, group sex or visit sex clubs for couples). The […]. Read More…. ...
Standard Disclaimer: This story contains sexually graphic and explicit material and as such it is not suitable for minors. If you are a minor, please leave now as it is illegal for you to be here. If it is illegal for you to read or view sexually explicit material in the community you view such material, please leave now. This story and characters are purely fictional and any resemblance to events or persons (living or dead) is purely coincidental. If you are offended by sexually explicit stories, please read no further. If you are offended by stories featuring group sex, bisexual situations, incest, sex between minors and adults, or any other situation, please check the story code before reading the text. These stories are just that, stories, and do not promote or condone the activities described herein, especially when it comes to unsafe sexual practices or sex between adults and minors ...
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Is anyones first condom actually used for its intended purpose or am I the only one that can think of 101 (other) ways to use one? Hmmm, that may be another hub! First, I want to tell you a story of my first condom. No juicy details, just...
Like them or loathe them, condoms are a part of daily life. Experts predict that 18.6 billion will be used worldwide in 2015. They live in our
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Frank sits on the corner, passing these out. "Hey ... here ya go. Good luck. What? No, not me ... use these with someone else." ...
Pollen-mediated gene flow is a major driver of spatial genetic structure in plant populations. Both individual plant characteristics and site-specific features of the landscape can modify the perceived attractiveness of plants to their pollinators and thus play an important role in shaping spatial genetic variation. Most studies of landscape-level genetic connectivity in plants have focused on the effects of interindividual distance using spatial and increasingly ecological separation, yet have not incorporated individual plant characteristics or other at-site ecological variables. Using spatially explicit simulations, we first tested the extent to which the inclusion of at-site variables influencing local pollination success improved the statistical characterization of genetic connectivity based upon examination of pollen pool genetic structure. The addition of at-site characteristics provided better models than those that only considered interindividual spatial distance (e.g. IBD). Models
Soil and rock surfaces support microbial communities involved in mineral weathering processes. Using selective isolation, fungi were obtained from limestone surfaces of Mayan monuments in the semi-arid climate at Yucatan, Mexico. A total of 101 isolates representing 53 different taxa were studied. Common fungi such as Fusarium, Pestalotiopsis, Trichoderma and Penicillium were associated with surfaces and were, probably derived from airborne spores. In contrast, unusual fungi such as Rosellinia, Annulohypoxylon, and Xylaria were predominantly identified from mycelium particles of biofilm biomass. Simulating oligotrophic conditions, agar amended with CaCO3 was inoculated with fungi to test for carbonate activity. A substantial proportion of fungi, in particular those isolated from mycelium (59%), were capable of solubilizing calcium by means of organic acid release, notably oxalic acid as evidenced by ion chromatography. Contrary to our hypothesis, nutrient level was not a variable influencing the CaCO3
Seldom has a bachelor-party-style shenanigan gone so wrong as when the 1984 graduation bash at the Rathskeller restaurant for the 156th class of the San Francisco Police Academy hazed one of its own. While 60 officers looked on in varying degrees of mirth or discomfort, a male police recruit was handcuffed to a chair and orally copulated against his will by a female prostitute. When word got out, the brouhaha led to a copycat episode on the TV show "Hill Street Blues," and the firing of two San Francisco cops accused of booking the "performer." less ...
Diterbitkan tanggal 16 Agt 2014 di youtube In this episode on HIV / AIDS education and awareness, Nicolas and Marla talk about the effect that HIV / AIDS can have on people living with the virus
This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), under grant number U1OHA28686 (AIDS Education and Training Centers National Coordinating Resource Center). It was awarded to the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center, Rutgers University School of Nursing. No percentage of this project was financed with non-governmental sources. This information or content and conclusions are those of the authors and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS, or the U.S. Government. ...
I think you hinted to the answer in your post. I think that, yes, there is a fundamental difference between male and female sexuality. The feelings and emotions and what happens inside our brain when we men get turned on is very different in my view than what happens with women. A simple sight of an attractive breast will make most men get carried away and distracted and turned on, no matter who the breast holder is or what the situation is. In the absence of ANY social deterrent, the raw emotion would lead many men to not just comment on it, but to go for a squeeze if they can get away with it. I know it sounds horrible and chauvinistic and disgusting, but frankly, thats what happens inside the mind. A very raw animalistic urge. Societies have just added an elaborate system of stopping this through laws, social alienation, religious punishment, etc..... ...
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A man and woman from Maines Androscoggin County will spend nine years in federal prison after pleading guilty to transporting a 13-year-old girl to work as a prostitute.
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What can we do to encourage our [young] peers to wear condoms? asks blogger Robert Breining. Theres no easy answer, but for Robert, it comes down to ...
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I tend to think they probably werent on duty, which makes the incident distasteful, but not threatening of the Presidents security ...
Free and Funny Encouragement Ecard: Use a condom.... That is all carry on Create and send your own custom Encouragement ecard.
Ive been with my girlfriend for three months and we first had sex using a condom. We then tried it without. She is the second person I have ever had ...
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Email. Matthew W. Johnson, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His behavioral economics research has applied delay discounting and demand analyses to addiction. Highly cited early contributions include validation of human delay discounting methods and approaches for evaluating discounting data. His research has indicated that delay discounting is a fundamental process underlying addiction, and that delay discounting of condom use is a critical variable influencing sexual HIV risk. Dr. Johnson has also conducted human studies determining the acute effects of numerous drugs: cocaine, methamphetamine, nicotine, caffeine, GHB, alcohol, triazolam, ramelteon, psilocybin, dextromethorphan, and salvinorin A. Recent research has shown that administration of drugs associated with sexual risk behavior (e.g., cocaine, alcohol) increases discounting of sexual outcomes and sexual risk. He has conducted ...
Filariasis is a contagious disease caused by filarial infection and spread by various kinds of mosquitoes. Asahan districts is one of the filariasis endemic districts with Mf rate of 2,1%. This survey study with explanatory research design was conducted to analyze the influence of the characteristics of farmers community including age, income, level of education, knowledge and attitude on the participation of farmers community in filariasis control. The population of this study is a farmers community of 75 families were selected as the samples for this study. The primary data needed were obtained through questionnaire distribution and intrviews while the secondary data were obtained from Sei Kepayang Community Health Center (Puskesmas) and Health Servise (Dinas Kesehatan) of Asahan districts. The result of analysis show that the variables influencing farmers participation in filariasis control are, among other things, income ( p = 0,015), level of eduction p ( = 0,037), knowledge (p = ...
Successful condom promotion and distribution efforts require a better understanding of target populations mind-set of condoms before any intervention. Because of condoms scientifically known ability to protect humans against transmission and acquisition of human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) [1, 2], their correct and consistent use is highly recommended [3]. In sub-Saharan Africa where condom use is very low [4], the challenge remains being how to maximize the use of condoms especially in areas with culturally rooted resistances to sexual behaviour change. Research attributes this to social values, perceptions, attitudes towards sex and condoms and traditional ways of practicing sex on one hand, and the systemic factors such as supply- and demand-related conditions in different social settings on the other [5-7]. While the need for promotion and distribution of condoms may be well-recognized by programs, understanding users contexts holds ...
This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number U1OHA28686 (AIDS Education and Training Centers National Coordinating Resource Center) awarded to the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center from the Rutgers University School of Nursing. No percentage of this project was financed with non-governmental sources. This information or content and conclusions are those of the authors and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government. ...
In Ohio, police are searching for a serial killer who is suspected of murdering at least eight prostitutes throughout the state. On April 19, 1990, the body of an unidentified white female was found off of Interstate 75 behind a truck stop. Four years earlier, the body of 23 year old prostitute Shirley Dean Taylor was found 100 miles away behind a traffic barier. Although the two cases at first seemed to be completely isolated crimes, investigative reporter Michael Berens was able to link the two cases together along with several other Ohio unsolved murders. Eight women were found murdered along a major interstate, each of the identified victims were suspected to be prostitutes, and each of those women were believed to work at truck stops. Berens later went undercover to better learn information about these murders. As the majority of the johns were teamsters who used CB radios to communicate alongside the highway, Berens learned that the prostitutes would use CB radios in order to contact their ...
We have been surveying online prostitutes for the last 10 months using data collected from The Erotic Review, which is a large "mall" that clients use to record detailed information about prostitutes in various cities. In the course of the surveys, we have been studying the way in which the Internet has facilitated improved screening, and even in some cases, signaling between clients and prostitutes. One of the more ingenious things that we have found is a case of signaling from clients to prostitutes wherein they send letters of recommendation to prostitutes, usually in the form of sending along information [from] another prostitute with whom theyve already visited. This, we argue, has enabled prostitutes to update their beliefs that a new client is not a cop (or a violent client) because these letters are relatively more expensive for cops to send. A case in point - see this story about two police officers who were sleeping with prostitutes in Beaumont, Texas allegedly in order to make a case ...
The Respectful Prostitute (French: La Putain respectueuse) is a French play by Jean-Paul Sartre, written in 1946, which observes a woman, a prostitute, caught up in a racially tense period of American history. The audience understands that there has been an incident on a train with said woman involved, but also a black man on whom the blame is laid by the prejudiced law enforcers. What comes to the viewers realisation is that a white man instigated an attack, but it is in the interests of the law to preserve the perception of the white person at the expense of the black "devil".. The tale takes a brief look at the loss of freedom inside a cruel world, a subject that dominates Sartres literary career. The play premiered in November 1946 at the Théâtre Antoine-Simone Berriau in Paris. When the play was produced in the United States, Sartre was accused of anti-Americanism.[2]. Sartres play is believed to have been based on the infamous Scottsboro case, in which two white prostitutes accused ...
You just cant make this stuff up. The Hookers Union fights back. MORE NEWS FROM COPENHAGEN - - Prostitutes Offer Free Climate Summit Sex Copenhagen Mayor Ritt Bjerregaard sent postcards to city hotels warning summit guests not to patronize Danish sex workers during the upcoming conference. Now, the prostitutes have struck back, offering free sex…
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In a unanimous vote Wednesday, the Michigan Senate passed a bill that would strip immunity from undercover officers who penetrate prostitutes during investigations.
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Condoms have been used for hundreds of years and remain one of the oldest of all birth control devices. Modern technology has increased the reliability, availability, and variety of barrier devices available to prevent pregnancy, but the humble condom remains a popular choice among sexually active couples. Today, condoms...
IRIN PlusNews examines condom distribution in Thailand where only 2 percent of the countrys AIDS budget is spent on condoms because, according to ...
Men are urged to wear condoms for 28 days after they return from a Zika transmission area even if they experience no symptoms.
My problem is that my penis is too thin for condoms or shall I say it is too loose when I have it on, so every time my girlfriend has to take pills. A...
We are planning to have sex tomorrow (21st day of my cycle), we will be using condom for protection, what else can we use or take to add extra safeness to our sex? Thank you.
The birth control that gets one of the worst raps, is actually one of the best. - The benefits of condoms - Pro-Choice at BellaOnline
As Richard Nixon used to say, let me make something perfectly clear: Eliot Spitzer is a world-class hypocrite and fool, who more or less asked for the political and personal catastrophe that has befallen him. That being said, the real Spitzer scandal has little to do with his apparent habit of paying young women for sex. Heres what really needs to be investigated: Spitzers fall was triggered not by his visits to prostitutes, but by banks reporting suspicious transactions of his to the IRS.
The aim of this mixed method study was first to construct a path model based on existing literatures and test the direct and indirect influence of diabetes self-efficacy, social support, expectation regarding aging, socio-demographic factors (age, gender, education and employment status) and disease specific characteristics (diabetes duration, associated comorbidity, type of treatment) on diabetes self-care behaviors, the second aim was to enhance description of self-care behaviors of Nepalese adults with DM by exploring self-care strategies and context and culture specific motivating factors and/or barriers. Understanding the interrelated path among variables influencing diabetes self-care and gaining an in-depth understanding about the self-care strategies, barriers and boosters will provide evidence for planning specific and holistic nursing interventions. The participants in this study were Nepalese adults (40 years and above), who were diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus (DM) for over 6 ...
Page 1 of 1 © 2007, International Textile and Apparel Association, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED ITAA Proceedings, #64 - www.itaaonline.org 2007 Proceedings Los Angeles, California 2007 ITAA Proceedings #64 Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, California Sustainability and Social Repsonsibility Adala, J., & Sullivan, P. (2007). Mitumba: The White Elephant of Kenyas Textile Industry Brosdahl, D.J.C., & Hawley, J.M. (2007). Sustainable Fashion: An Oxymoron or a Possible Future? Teaching Strategies to Promote Consumer and Industry Sustainability Practices Burgess, B. (2007). Assignment Consignment: Developing and Running a Consignment Sale as a Student Term Project Harben, B., & Kwon, W-S. (2007). The Influence of Consumer Knowledge of the Cause and the Brand, Perceived Fit, and Perceived Company Motivation on Consumer Attitude toward Cause- Brand Alliances Hiller Connell, K. Y. (2007). Exploring Variable Influencing Ecological Decision Making from the Perspective of Apparel Consumers Jacobs, A. (2007). ...
Medical advancements over the last few decades have significantly increased the life expectancy of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), but have led to high levels of complexity in the daily treatment regimen, and considerable burden upon patients and caregivers. Currently, the treatment regimen for CF can take between 2 and 4 hours per day. In addition, many studies have shown that adherence to these treatments among adolescents and adults is low; with estimates of approximately 50% or less. Although increasing treatment complexity has been hypothesized as a possible variable influencing adherence, this relationship has not yet been tested in adolescents and adults with CF. In addition, the only existing measure of treatment complexity for CF treatments, the Treatment Complexity Score (TCS) was created based on clinical expertise and has not been validated. Therefore, the two main goals of this study were to: (1) update and better articulate a measure of TCS for CF treatments by using feedback on
For the first time in the UK, this study found significant associations linking measures of condom problems to STI risk amongst MSM. Although condom errors and other problems have been increasingly recognised as a likely factor in reducing condom effectiveness [16] and the correlates of condom problems in men have been explored [7, 17], biological end point evidence of an association with STI acquisition is scarce in all groups and absent in MSM. An association between condom problems and incident chlamydial and gonococcal infections was shown in a small subsample (21 infections in 130 individuals) of the large Project Respect intervention trial [18]. In a study of 1973 consistent condom users, condom errors were reported much less frequently by MSM than men who have sex with women and an association between condom problems and prevalent STI was seen in heterosexual but not homosexual subjects [13]. We found strong univariate associations between condom proficiency and problem scores and ...
1600s. Once Fallopius published a work on condom STI protection, people became more skeptical of the idea of the condom and controversy on whether to use it or not began to stir in scientific and religious communities. In 1605, Catholic theologian Leonardus Lessius claimed that condoms are immoral, thus becoming the first documented religious figure who opposed the use of the condom. Condoms made from animal intestines became widely available to the public. Even though condoms were now widely available, many people reused them because of their expensive nature. Reusing linen condoms is unsanitary and can even increase the possibility of spreading STIs, but many people were not aware of this fact. Published by the English Birth Rate Commission in 1666 for the first time ever in recorded history, the word "condons" (which eventually evolved into todays English word "condoms") was credited for the drop in birth rate. 1700s. By this time, the public was becoming much more aware of condoms and their ...
Size. Most condoms (external and internal) are manufactured as one-size-fits-all. However, when it comes to external condoms, the standard sizes and the tightness of the elastic rings vary by manufacturer. They generally fit folks whose erect penis is average-sized - anywhere from four to seven inches when erect. Some external condoms are "snugger fit," while others are "larger sized." It may be helpful to pick up a variety to figure out whats appealing and fits for you and your partner. A snug, yet comfortable fit decreases the chances that a condom will slip off during penetrative sex.. Texture. When reading external condom packaging, brands list descriptive terms, such as "ultra thin," "sensitive," "high sensation," or "extra strength." Some people prefer thinner condoms that allow for more sensation. Others prefer thicker condoms to feel more secure (although studies have shown that "ultra thin" condoms are just as effective as regular condoms). Other choices include "ribbed" or "studded" ...
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The transmission level of AIDS, when a condom is used, is VERY VERY VERY low. A condom is VERY effective at stopping the AIDS virus from being transmitted. Other STDs are capable of being transmitted through a condom, however, the transmission rate of ALL STDs is HIGHLY reduced by the use of a condom. NOTHING is 100% effective, if youre active, but condoms DO significantly cut your risk to an almost miniscule chance of transmission. Abstinance IS the best way to stop the transmission of STDs, but with proper use, and care, condoms are HIGHLY effective ...
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Even the unpleasantness of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) still has some men refusing to use condoms regularly, reports a study published in the American Journal of Health Behavior (January/February 2004). The study found that two thirds of men with a primary sexual partner and one third of those without a primary partner told researchers they did not use condoms consistently. Study author Diane Grimley, PhD, found that even after seeking treatment for an STD and recognizing the protective value of condoms, men still refuse to use them. "The situation in which men reported the least confidence in using condoms with a main partner was the one in which they wanted their partner to know that they were committed to the relationship," said Dr. Grimley. ...
The figure shows a bivariate (pre-post) distribution for a hypothetical RPD design of a community-based AIDS education program. The new AIDS education program is piloted in one particular county in a state, with the remaining counties acting as controls. The state routinely publishes annual HIV positive rates by county for the entire state. The x-values show the HIV-positive rates per 1000 people for the year preceding the program while the y-values show the rates for the year following it. Our goal is to estimate the size of the vertical displacement of the treated unit from the regression line of all of the control units, indicated on the graph by the dashed arrow. The model well use is the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) model stated in regression model form:. ...
The Bible describes Jesus as a friend of sinners. The NKJV describes Jesus as "a friend of tax collectors and sinners," not the least of which were the prostitutes of his day. The NLT refers to Jesus as "a friend of the worst sort of sinners!" So we can safely assume that Jesus had ladies who were prostitutes as His friends. The question is, what did Jesus say to these prostitutes? The first thing that would come out of the mouth of most Christians, if they were to associate with such women at all, would probably be something like, "If you dont stop turning tricks this very second, and accept Jesus as Lord and Savior of your life, you might walk across the street, get hit by a bus, and spend eternity in Hell roasting like a marshmallow!" Was that Jesus approach? Because if it had been, Jesus probably would not have been a friend of prostitutes for very long. This, of course, does not mean that prostitutes, along with all sinners, do not need to be warned about the reality of Hell. This also ...
The Bible describes Jesus as a friend of sinners. The NKJV describes Jesus as "a friend of tax collectors and sinners," not the least of which were the prostitutes of his day. The NLT refers to Jesus as "a friend of the worst sort of sinners!" So we can safely assume that Jesus had ladies who were prostitutes as His friends. The question is, what did Jesus say to these prostitutes? The first thing that would come out of the mouth of most Christians, if they were to associate with such women at all, would probably be something like, "If you dont stop turning tricks this very second, and accept Jesus as Lord and Savior of your life, you might walk across the street, get hit by a bus, and spend eternity in Hell roasting like a marshmallow!" Was that Jesus approach? Because if it had been, Jesus probably would not have been a friend of prostitutes for very long. This, of course, does not mean that prostitutes, along with all sinners, do not need to be warned about the reality of Hell. This also ...
MP s have petitioned for reduction on VAT for condoms, to be reduced from 17.5% to 5%. Though the rules do not warrant abolishment of VAT on condoms, the best that can be done is to reduce it.
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A new anti-HIV campaign has caused more suffering for Greek prostitutes, Barbie Latza Nadeau reports. When will name and shame stop?
A Framingham man was charged with kidnapping a Dorchester prostitute on Monday when he locked her in his apartment to keep her from leaving, while she is charged with stabbing him to escape, according to police.
OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) - A man sentenced to life in prison for the death of a prostitute has lost his attempt to have his first-degree murder conviction overturned.
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In a seemingly dramatic change of opinion, Pope Benedict XVI says in a new book that condoms can be justified for male prostitutes seeking to the stop the spread of H.I.V.
When you tell people that condoms wont work, you dont make them more likely to stay virgins until holy matrimony. You make them less likely to use condoms while having sex, making them more likely to get the STDs you claim to want to prevent.
Pope says yes to flavoured condoms : Pope John Paul II has advocated the used of flavoured condoms after Vatican researchers discovered they are technically classified as novelty toys39 rather than contraceptives
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SAAYMAN, Melville. The non-consumptive value of selected marine species at Table Mountain National Park: an exploratory study. S. Afr. j. econ. manag. sci. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.2, pp.184-193. ISSN 2222-3436.. This exploratory study aimed to determine firstly the non-consumptive value of five marine species (whales, the Great White shark, penguins, dolphins and seals) and secondly the sociodemographic and behavioural variables that influence willingness to pay to see these species. This was achieved by means of a structured questionnaire survey conducted at Table Mountain National Park, the largest urban national park in South Africa. The data consisted of responses to 319 fully completed questionnaires. These were analysed using factor analysis and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression analysis. The results showed that the variables influencing willingness to pay differed from species to species, with the biggest differences being found in behavioural rather than sociodemographic ...
A seroepidemiologic study of herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV-1 and 2 HSV-2 was performed on Japanese adults. Serum samples collected between 1985-9 from a total of 536 healthy adults, female prostitutes, males with sexually transmitted diseases STD, homosexual men, and pregnant women were studied by immunodot assays using HSV type-specific...
The instructions on every packet of condoms I have ever seen (including condoms in countries outside the United States) clearly state that once the man has ejaculated, he needs to withdraw and dispose of the condom promptly. Proper withdrawal means you grip the ring firmly, pull out completely and slide the condom off (by the ring! Obviously you dont just pull it off at the tip cause thats messy, and risks rubber-band-like snap-back). Proper disposal means tie off the condom and toss it in the rubbish. Do not flush down the toilet.. The reason you must stop once ejaculation is complete is that the penis loses its erection pretty quickly after orgasm. Once the erection starts to subside, the condom immediately loosens, and youll risk seepage and slippage -- generally termed as condom failure and improper use. Essentially, if you do not follow the direction to a T, then the condoms effectiveness cannot be guaranteed. So is there a chance of pregnancy? With an improperly used condom, yes there ...
An equally large industry has emerged to provide contraceptive devices designed to prevent conception. Their effectiveness in ... In males 40-69 years old, 50% of the seminiferous tubules contain mature sperm. In males 80 years old and older, 10% of the ... A large scale in Israel study suggested that the children of men 40 or older were 5.75 times more likely than children of men ... In studies that controlled for female age, comparisons between men under 30 and men over 50 found relative decreases in ...
Today, oral contraceptives, intra-uterine devices (IUDs), and male and female condoms are available for free at public health ... Although abortion is not permitted, other methods of contraceptives such as oral contraceptives, condoms, and tubal ligation ... The United Nations reports that there has been a decline in the 90s of contraceptive usage due to access and supply limitations ... It appears that over the counter contraceptives have also become popular since the 90s. ...
A contraceptive sponge set inside its open package. The current intrauterine devices (IUD) are small devices, often 'T'-shaped ... Usage of male forms of birth control has decreased between 1985 and 2009. Contraceptive use among women in Sub-Saharan Africa ... A transdermal contraceptive patch A NuvaRing vaginal ring Barrier contraceptives are devices that attempt to prevent pregnancy ... Emergency contraceptive methods are medications (sometimes misleadingly referred to as "morning-after pills") or devices used ...
Pregnancy can be avoided with the use of contraceptives such as condoms and Intrauterine devices. Human reproduction takes ... the interaction between the male and female reproductive systems results in fertilization of the woman's ovum by the man's ... The male reproductive system contains two main divisions: the testes where sperm are produced, and the penis. In humans, both ... During this process, the male inserts his penis, which needs to be erect, into the female's vagina, and then either partner ...
Non-infectious causes of cervicitis can include intrauterine devices, contraceptive diaphragms, and allergic reactions to ... Cervicitis in women has many features in common with urethritis in men and many cases are caused by sexually transmitted ...
The Oral contraceptive pill prevents pregnancy by inhibiting the release of female sex hormones that are required to develop ... An IUD is a device that is inserted into a women's uterus and prevents pregnancy by changing the way sperm moves to stop ... Condoms are thin elastic pouches used by males that covers the penis during sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy and STDs. ... "Estrogen and Progestin (Oral Contraceptives): MedlinePlus Drug Information". medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-04. "IUD Birth ...
When U.S. customs confiscated the package as illegal contraceptive devices, Sanger helped file a lawsuit. In 1936, a federal ... Some feminists continued to oppose male-controlled contraceptives such as condoms. Many moralists and medical professionals ... During World War II condoms were not only distributed to male U.S. military members, but enlisted men were also subject to ... these same men often neglected to actually use the devices. The French medical professor Jean Astruc wrote his own anti-condom ...
... reversible male contraceptives, or female contraceptives through the use of intravaginal contraceptive devices. Moreover, as ... Burck P.J., Zimmerman R.E. An intravaginal contraceptive device for the delivery of an acrosin and hyaluronidase inhibitor" ... In rabbit models, an intravaginal contraceptive device that secreted tetradecyl sodium sulfate, a known inhibitor of acrosin ... Acrosin regulation has been found to occur through Protein C inhibitor (PCI). PCI is present in the male reproductive tract at ...
... he also sold contraceptive devices. The book, cheaply produced, had reached a 14th edition by 1876; in all there were 35 ... It became a one-man campaign, ending in 1880 when the Society closed down. Truelove had displayed Moral Physiology in his shop ... ISBN 978-1-136-01062-0. George Howell; David John Rowe (1972). A History of the Working Men's Association from 1836 to 1850. ...
Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, such as intrauterine device (IUD) and implant are highly effective and convenient ... Like older men, older women have a higher chance of having a child with autism or Down syndrome, the chances of having multiple ... Cost to the user is one factor preventing many American women from using more effective contraceptives. Making contraceptives ... It is most usually applied to a female-male couple who wish to limit the number of children they have and/or to control the ...
It condemned pornography, most forms of birth control and contraceptive devices (with the exception of the condom), ... Mussolini perceived women's primary role to be childbearers while men were warriors, once saying that "war is to man what ... Fascist Italy regarded the promotion of male sexual excitation before puberty as the cause of criminality amongst male youth. ... Viva il Duce ("Long live the Leader") La guerra è per l'uomo come la maternità è per la donna (War is to man as motherhood is ...
... which governs medicines and medicinal devices. Bill S-15 repealed the reference to contraceptives in the Criminal Code, but ... Bill C-150, decriminalized homosexual acts between men over the age of consent of 21. The British Parliament's adoption of the ... A related bill, introduced and passed at the same time, decriminalised the sale of contraceptives. The Act also regulated ... which decriminalised contraceptives and brought them under the regulatory power of the Food and Drugs Act, ...
Section 17 explicitly makes the import or sale of contraceptive devices illegal. 3 March - in his Lenten pastoral the Thomas ... 20 January - forty men from the Connemara Gaeltacht travel to County Meath to inspect the area which is to be settled by ...
... pill Patch Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring Emergency contraception Barrier methods Diaphragm or cervical cap Male condom ... placing the device inside their bodies voluntarily, and the time required to hold the device in place. There is a lack of ... Oral hormonal contraceptives have an 8% failure rate. The popularity of oral hormonal contraceptives among women changes over ... Both women and men in the United States are affected by the STD epidemic. However, women have a stronger negative health ...
Compared to the other common reversible methods of contraception such as IUDs, hormonal contraceptives and male condoms, coitus ... In comparison, the pill has an actual use failure rate of 2-8%, while the intrauterine device (IUD) has an actual use failure ... "Evaluation of contraceptive efficacy and cycle control of a transdermal contraceptive patch vs an oral contraceptive: a ... see table First-Year Contraceptive Failure Rates Hatcher, RA; Trussel J; Stewart F; et al. (2000). Contraceptive Technology ( ...
The guerrillas were issued contraceptive devices at a clinic in Morelia which the government had helped found and fund. Nor was ... The Man and the Mask, (Duke University Press, 2007) ISBN 0-8223-3995-1 Page 119 The War Against Oblivion : The Zapatista ... who had come to Mexico as a young man and become an accomplished photographer, specializing in architectural photography". ... the encouragement and distribution of contraceptives restricted to the guerrillas themselves. Marcos believed that one of the ...
Violence against women was considered justified by 51% of female and 43% of male respondents if the wife used a contraceptive ... which narrowed the scope of behavior-change communication and distribution of contraceptive devices. Recently, a new approach ... In the case of contraception, a man's use of a contraceptive may itself be a nonverbal indicator of approval. Therefore, ... In the cities of Nairobi and Bungoma in Kenya, major barriers to contraceptive use included lack of agreement on contraceptive ...
... and have access to contraceptive devices and methods through the government and private clinics. According to information ... The law does not criminalise spousal rape; it explicitly states that sexual intercourse by a man with his wife, as long as she ... Islamic law requires that males receive twice the inheritance of women. Civil law permits female citizens to pass their ... Islamic courts staffed by male and female officials offered counselling to married couples in domestic violence cases. ...
While still believing that contraceptive devices interfere with the creation of life, the Pope stated that in that particular ... that he who made man from the beginning, Made them male and female? And he said: For this cause shall a man leave father and ... to use condoms in some very special cases as a device for the prevention of disease. He gave male prostitutes as an example, ... because she was taken out of man. Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall ...
Intra-Uterine-Devices) The Male Contraceptive Pill Coutinho was responsible for the discovery of the contraceptive effects of ... This discovery led to studies into the first male non-hormonal contraceptive pill. Coutinho has studied menstrual suppression ... Coutinho also proposed the first contraceptive pill containing norgestrel, which is today the most used contraceptive pill ... The Modern Contraceptive Pill The Vaginal Pill (Lovelle) The Cruz de Caravaca & Croix de Lorraine IUD's ( ...
... intrauterine devices, copper MeSH E07.190.270 --- contraceptive devices, male MeSH E07.190.270.150 --- condoms MeSH E07.206.250 ... contraceptive devices, female MeSH E07.190.250.260 --- condoms, female MeSH E07.190.250.520 --- intrauterine devices MeSH ... ear protective devices MeSH E07.700.260 --- eye protective devices MeSH E07.700.380 --- head protective devices MeSH E07.700. ... E07.190.250.520.259 --- intrauterine device expulsion MeSH E07.190.250.520.520 --- intrauterine devices, medicated MeSH E07.190 ...
There are numerous vas-occlusive contraceptive methods and devices that have been researched. Outlined here are a few main ... Male Contraception. [Updated 2015 Dec 18]. In: De Groot LJ, Chrousos G, Dungan K, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South ... Male contraceptive http://www.newmalecontraception.org/archive/archives/1994paper.htm[full citation needed] http://apps.who.int ... Various vas-occlusive contraceptive methods have been researched for human-use, with interest in both reversible and ...
... is a device that is used during sexual intercourse as a barrier contraceptive to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted ... female condoms may provide enhanced sensation for men as compared to male condoms; FC2 is hypo allergenic and is safe to use ... A recent version of the female condom is made from natural latex, the same material used in male condoms. This condom does not ... The female condom was developed in the late 20th century (male condoms have been used for centuries). A primary motive for its ...
... contraceptives were prosecuted under an aiding and abetting statute as accessories to the crime of using birth control devices ... In Craig v. Boren, a liquor vendor and a young man challenged the constitutionality of an Oklahoma statute that prohibited the ... The Court permitted the defendants to assert the privacy rights of the third-party contraceptives recipients because of the ... "will materially impair the ability of males 18-20 years of age to purchase 3.2% beer despite their classification by an overt ...
... intrauterine device, etc.), while males don't. Generally speaking, when Orthodox Jewish couples contemplate the use of ... Modern contraceptive inventions have given many an exaggerated sense of safety and prompted more people than ever before to ... It also mentions in the story of King Yayati that a man solicited by a woman who is fertile and doesn't grant her wishes is ... It should be noted that the biblical law of being "fruitful" and "multiplying" is viewed as one that applies only to men, and ...
... men's attitudes towards convenience, and a significant lack of funding. Several implantable devices have been attempted, both ... An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small contraceptive device, often 'T'-shaped and containing either copper or the hormone ... A contraceptive implant is an implantable medical device used for the purpose of birth control. The implant may depend on the ... "Male Contraceptive Implant Gets Trial Run". abcnews.go.com. ABC News Internet Ventures. 11 July 2001. Retrieved 17 March 2016. ...
It also includes a contraceptive device but does not include a drug."[12] ... "ar·ma·men·tar·i·um". www.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 14 November 2013.. ... A medical device is any device intended to be used for medical purposes. Thus what differentiates a medical device from an ... Class II devices require the manufacturer's declaration of device safety and effectiveness, whereas Class III and IV devices ...
Highly effective contraceptives, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs), are underused in the United States. Increasing use of ... contraceptive services). However, the HRSA Guidelines exclude services relating to a man's reproductive capacity, such as ... oral contraceptives (the pill), with estrogen and progestin, oral contraceptives with progestin only, oral contraceptives, ... Mandates on contraceptives in school have faced opposition from special interest groups, who fear that providing contraceptives ...
Hormones used in contraceptive methods have contradictory effects on sexual function. In this study, we aimed to compare sexual ... Therefore, healthcare providers should pay particular attention to sexual function and contraceptive methods. Also, we ... function in women using combined oral contraceptives (COC) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), referred to healthcare ... Wiebe ER, Trouton KJ, Dicus J. Motivation and experience of nulliparous women using intrauterine contraceptive devices. Journal ...
"Contraceptive Devices, Male". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. * 0-9 ...
... called Intra Vas Device (IVD) has been approved by the FDA for a study involving 90 men. ... non-hormonal male contraceptive device that targets sperms, ... A novel, non-hormonal male contraceptive device that targets ... Men and women have long been promised a male version of the female contraceptive pill. However, this first male contraceptive ... director of the Male Contraceptive Coalition, stresses that men can help speed development of these methods. Men clearly want ...
Results of search for su:{Contraceptive devices, Male.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Male involvement in reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health. by United Nations Population Fund ... Male latex condom: specification,prequalification and guidelines for procurement, 2010. by World Health Organization , UNAIDS ...
Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices. Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference ... If we see the same effects, then this could become a potential male contraceptive pill in the future. ... New leads in the development of an oral contraceptive for men. 11.12.2002 ... Research has lead the researchers to expect that the dose needed for men would be so low that any potential side effects would ...
... potentially reversible male contraceptive. It is a polymer hydrogel that works by blocking sperm in the vas deferens. Injection ... of Vasalgel in sexually mature adult male rhesus monkeys was effective in preventing conception throughout the one-plus year ... No pregnancies occurred in the social groups of 16 male rhesus macaques given Vasalgel. The device... view more ... The need for new male contraceptives. Male contraceptive options have not changed in over a century, and are currently limited ...
Intrauterine Devices (American College of Nurse-Midwives) - PDF * Morning-After Pill (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and ... How Effective Is Male Contraception? (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish ... FastStats: Contraceptive Use (National Center for Health Statistics) * Key Statistics from the National Survey of Family Growth ... Contraceptive Sponge (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish ...
Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptive Agents. Reproductive Control Agents. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Antineoplastic ... Randomized Control Trial Copper Intrauterine Device and Depo-medroxyprogesterone Acetate (DMPA) of HIV+ Women in Malawi. The ... A cross-sectional screening to evaluate contraceptive medical eligibility and desirability. *A randomized controlled trial that ... Prospective Assessment of Acceptability and Adherence Associated With Use of the Copper Intrauterine Device (CuT380A-IUCD) ...
Contraceptive Agents. Reproductive Control Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Antineoplastic ... Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic. Contraceptives, Oral. Contraceptive Agents, Female. ... Treatment of Endometrial Hyperplasia With an Intrauterine Device (IUD). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... The purpose of this research is to determine the effectiveness of the intrauterine device (IUD) called Mirena when compared to ...
Long-acting reversible contraception (e.g., intrauterine devices and implants) (10.3%). *Male condom (8.7%) ... Current contraceptive use increased with age, from 37.2% among women aged 15-19 to 73.7% among women aged 40-49. ... Among men and women aged 15-49, 2.2% of men and 1.5% of women had five or more opposite-sex sexual partners in the past year. ... About 23% of men aged 45−49 had not fathered any children, 16% had fathered one child, 33% had fathered two, and 28% had ...
... against the maker of an increasingly popular contraceptive, alleging that women havent been properly warned about rare but ... potentially serious risks associated with the intrauterine device. ... Bayer said that uterine perforation is a "rare complication associated with all intrauterine contraceptive devices/systems, ... Uterine perforation is a rare complication associated with all intrauterine contraceptive devices/systems, including Mirena. ...
Meaning "contraceptive device" is first recorded 1916. That of "cap-shaped piece of copper lined with gunpowder and used to ... in English; extended to men late 14c. Figurative thinking cap is from 1839 (considering cap is 1650s). Of cap-like coverings on ... a noise-making device for toy pistols, made of a small quantity of explosive wrapped in paper or other thin material. ... Mister; sir •Used in direct address to a man one wishes to flatter (1840s+) ...
... oral or implanted hormonal contraceptive; intrauterine device (IUD); or vasectomized male partner. ... Male or female participants 40 - 85 years of age.. *Willing and able to give informed consent (including through use of a ...
... but its a longer task to find whether it could be birth control for men. ... A male contraceptive that blocks sperm using a gel has proved successful in monkey trials, ... IUD - An intrauterine device, or IUD, is a flexible T-shaped device thats inserted by a doctor into a womans uterus. The ... Male contraceptive gel effective in monkeys, but will it work in humans?. By Meera Senthilingam, CNN ...
Current Contraceptive Status Among Women Aged 15-49: United States, 2015-2017 ... long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), which include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices; and male condom. ... Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. Access data table for Figure 2 ... Long-acting reversible contraceptives include contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices. Access data table for Figure 3 ...
Segmented by Contraceptive Method, by Mode of Delivery, by Type of Device, by Gender and Geography - Growth, - Market research ... 7.1.5 Intrauterine Device (IUD). 7.1.6 Male Condoms. 7.1.7 Vaginal Barrier Methods. 7.1.8 Natural Product. 7.2 By Mode Of ... Global Contraceptive Drugs and Devices Market - Segmented by Contraceptive Method, by Mode of Delivery, by Type of Device, by ... 7.2.1 Oral Contraceptives. 7.2.2 Topical Contraceptives. 7.2.3 Contraceptive Injectable. 7.3 By Device. 7.3.1 Condoms. 7.3.2 ...
From birth control pills and injections, to intrauterine devices (IUDs), women have the benefit of being able to choose from a ... Now, a company known as Revolution Contraceptives have developed a male non-hormonal contraceptive gel, named Vasalgel. ... Vasectomy Alternative: Male Contraceptive Gel Proves Effective in Animal Models. By: Sarah Hand, M.Sc. ... While some pharmaceutical companies have tried in the past to develop a male contraceptive, so far none has been successful at ...
More particularly, this invention relates to novel contraceptive devices for males and females which provide immunological ... US5025800A - Contraceptive device - Google Patents. Contraceptive device Download PDF Info. Publication number. US5025800A. ... A61F6/00-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators therefor * A61F6/02-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators ... A61F6/00-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators therefor * A61F6/06-Contraceptive devices; Pessaries; Applicators ...
Contraceptive drugs and devices are used in birth control and fertility related issues. They help prevent unwanted pregnancies ... Products involve contraceptive drugs, male contraceptive devices, and female contraceptive devices. Among these, contraceptive ... intrauterine devices, contraceptive vaginal rings, contraceptive diaphragm, nonsurgical permanent contraception device, and ... These regions are rapidly expanding markets for contraceptive drugs and devices. Major players in the worldwide Contraceptive ...
intrauterine device (IUD). *contraceptive pill. *sterilization (either a man or woman). *avoiding intercourse ... surrogate pregnancy one in which a woman other than the female partner is artificially impregnated with the male partners ... The resultant child represents only the male of the marital unit, and may be adopted by the female. ... such as oral contraceptive therapy. Presumptive symptoms include amenorrhea, nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, urinary ...
An equally large industry has emerged to provide contraceptive devices designed to prevent conception. Their effectiveness in ... In males 40-69 years old, 50% of the seminiferous tubules contain mature sperm. In males 80 years old and older, 10% of the ... A large scale in Israel study suggested that the children of men 40 or older were 5.75 times more likely than children of men ... In studies that controlled for female age, comparisons between men under 30 and men over 50 found relative decreases in ...
Male or female condoms * Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, if available * Intrauterine device (IUD) * Oral ... Intrauterine device or intrauterine system * Combined estrogen and progestogen oral contraceptive * Injectable progestogen * ... Contraceptive vaginal ring * Percutaneous contraceptive patches * Chest x-ray performed within 60 days prior to entry to ... Contraceptive options for women of reproductive potential while taking dolutegravir include the following: * Contraceptive ...
The male latex condom is the only contraceptive method considered highly effective in reducing the risk of STDs. Birth control ... IUD (Intrauterine Device). 98-99 %. • Surgical Sterilisation Over 99%. • Emergency Contraceptives: 75%. ... Male Latex Condom 86%.. • Female Condom 79%.. • Diaphragm with Spermicide 80%.. • Oral Contraceptives Over 95%.. • Injection ( ... About 85% of sexually active women who do not use contraceptives become pregnant within a year. A woman can also become ...
The male contraceptive devices consist of male condoms and the female contraceptive devices consist of female condoms, ... and contraceptive sponges and the contraceptive devices market is sub-segmented into male and female contraceptive devices. ... The male contraceptive devices (male condoms) market held majority of the market share in 2011 at over 45% owing to its high ... In the global contraceptives market by product types (drugs and devices), the contraceptive devices market held majority of the ...
Described herein are interactive devices that mimic a portion of a human male and a female genitalia. The male device includes ... DRUG RELEASE DEVICE AND USE. Disclosed is a drug release device and uses of such a device. The device comprises a drug release ... Also included on the male devic... WO/2016/186887A1 FEMALE SEXUAL STIMULATION DEVICE. A female sexual stimulation device ... IUD LOADING DEVICES AND METHODS FOR INSERTING AN IUD INTO AN INSERTION DEVICE. Disclosed are devices and methods for loading an ...
  • The concept of blocking sperm in the vas deferens is not new: each year about 500,000 American men get vasectomies, a simple 15-minute procedure in which the vas deferens is cut and its ends closed off. (medindia.net)
  • We think that this treatment may work for men because the formation of sperm is very much the same process for all mammals. (innovations-report.com)
  • The devices block sperm and change the lining of the uterus, which may keep a fertilized egg from attaching. (cnn.com)
  • Contraceptive drugs and devices are temporary birth control methods and function majorly by altering the mechanism of ovulation and acting as physical barriers between the sperm and ovary. (prweb.com)
  • Sperm, the male gamete, and a secondary oocyte (along with first polar body and corona radiata), the male gamete must meet in the female reproductive system to create a new individual. (wikibooks.org)
  • While both the female and male reproductive systems are involved with producing, nourishing and transporting either the oocyte or sperm, they are different in shape and structure. (wikibooks.org)
  • Researchers received Food and Drug Administration approval for a 90-man study of the Intra Vas Device (IVD), a nonhormonal contraceptive that stops sperm in their tracks. (news-medical.net)
  • In a Daily Mail article , they reported that the contraceptive compound EP055 temporarily turned off the swimming ability of sperm in male monkeys. (naturalnews.com)
  • In 2006, Shepherd Medical Company received FDA approval for a clinical trial of its non-hormonal implant called an intra vas device (IVD), which consists of two plugs that block sperm flow in the vas deferens. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the same reason that men with difficulty conceiving are advised to avoid Jacuzzis and binding undergarments, the heat from a therapeutic ultrasounding of the testes painlessly increases their temperature by just enough to impact sperm production. (highlighthealth.com)
  • In contrast, nonhormonal contraceptive agents or devices work by preventing a man's sperm from joining a woman's egg. (sart.org)
  • For example, a crushed or mangled man may not be permitted to marry anyone but a convert under Jewish law, and halachic authorities see vasectomy as a form of maiming, even if already married to a non-convert becoming maimed intentionally or accidentally including an vasectomy does obligate divorce unless a successful repair surgery is performed and sperm flow is returned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Men and women have long been promised a male version of the female contraceptive pill. (medindia.net)
  • Additionally, the global contraceptive drugs and devices market has been experiencing steady growth due to the advent of cheap contraceptives, such as AG200-15 Contraceptive Patch, Sino-Implant (II), and Pill-Plus. (medgadget.com)
  • Gilliam ML, Neustadt A, Kozloski M, Mistretta S, Tilmon S, Godfrey E. Adherence and acceptability of the contraceptive ring compared with the pill among students: a randomized controlled trial. (medscape.com)
  • Natural News ) American researchers claim they are coming closer to a working birth control pill for men. (naturalnews.com)
  • It has many of the same side effects as the birth control pill, but 69 percent of women and 75 percent of men said they aren't fans of the patch. (bustle.com)
  • This stance exposes all 15 to a politically costly debate over contraception, in which they would have to choose between alienating their anti-abortion backers or the estimated six-plus million women using intrauterine devices and the roughly three million women who have taken the morning after pill in the past year following unprotected sexual intercourse . (nytimes.com)
  • Schering/Bayer had been working on a similar annual implant with quarterly injections but cancelled the research in 2006/2007, declaring that men would most likely view it as "not as convenient as a woman taking a pill once a day. (wikipedia.org)
  • And in the US, according to a national survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation, two-thirds of men now say they'd be willing to take a male version of the pill. (weeklywire.com)
  • Strangely, fewer than half of all American women believe men would take the pill. (weeklywire.com)
  • The second most common contraceptive method was the birth control pill. (10news.com)
  • Current contraceptive use increased with age, from 37.2% among women aged 15-19 to 73.7% among women aged 40-49. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2015-2017, 54.0% of women and 47.5% of men aged 15-49 reported that they had ever been married. (cdc.gov)
  • More than one-half of men (52%) and women (57%) aged 15-49 during 2015-2017 have cohabited at some time. (cdc.gov)
  • About 25% of women aged 15-44 (24.9%) and 16.2% of men aged 15-44 had been tested for HIV in the past year. (cdc.gov)
  • Among men and women aged 15-49, 2.2% of men and 1.5% of women had five or more opposite-sex sexual partners in the past year. (cdc.gov)
  • Lawsuits are being filed in Canada and the U.S. against the maker of an increasingly popular contraceptive, alleging that women haven't been properly warned about rare but potentially serious risks associated with the intrauterine device. (ctvnews.ca)
  • And some women say the device migrated to other parts of their bodies after insertion. (ctvnews.ca)
  • He said that while Mirena works well for many women, labels on the package need to clearly warn users about the rare, but potentially serious risks associated with the device. (ctvnews.ca)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 99% of sexually active women used at least one contraceptive method at some point between 2006 and 2010. (cnn.com)
  • However, some WHO recommendations were modified for use in the United States, including recommendations about contraceptive use for women with venous thromboembolism, valvular heart disease, ovarian cancer, and uterine fibroids and for postpartum and breastfeeding women. (cdc.gov)
  • The recommendations in this document are intended to assist health-care providers when they counsel women, men, and couples about contraceptive method choice. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1996, the World Health Organization (WHO) published the first edition of the Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (MEC), which gave evidence-based guidance on the safety of contraceptive method use for women and men worldwide who had specific characteristics and medical conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • Coale's Index of Fertility - a special device used in historical research Total fertility rate (TFR) - the total number of children a woman would bear during her lifetime if she were to experience the prevailing age-specific fertility rates of women. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 85% of sexually active women who do not use contraceptives become pregnant within a year. (womenonwaves.org)
  • The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to support and facilitate multidisciplinary research approaches for the development of novel nonsteroidal contraceptive products for men and women that act prior to fertilization. (nih.gov)
  • To assess awareness of and interest in intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) use among HIV-positive women in Cape Town, South Africa. (hindawi.com)
  • However, these studies did not differentiate women by HIV status, although other studies indicate that HIV infection often impacts contraceptive method choice, potentially resulting in differences in IUCD receptivity [ 5 , 19 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • By contrast, men were more likely to receive a device than women. (healthcanal.com)
  • Women above the age of 18 can ask for this contraceptive without prescription. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • These are devices which tempt men and women to transgress and avoid the consequences of such transgression. (google.com)
  • Consumers are increasingly using digital health technologies to inform their everyday health decisions, and this new app can provide an effective method of contraception if it's used carefully and correctly," said Terri Cornelison, assistant director for the health of women in the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health, in a statement Friday . (usatoday.com)
  • The adrenal glands of both men and women also produce small amounts of testosterone. (wikibooks.org)
  • Testosterone is an anti-depressant, in men and women. (wikibooks.org)
  • Men and women with high testosterone commit more violent crimes. (wikibooks.org)
  • Happy marriages consist of high-testosterone women and low-testosterone men. (wikibooks.org)
  • Alcoholism reduces sexual functioning in women, but not as severely as the effect in men. (wikibooks.org)
  • Sexual activity increases testosterone, in both men and women. (wikibooks.org)
  • Most women have used at least one type of hormonal contraceptives during their lifetimes. (naturalnews.com)
  • Strokes are one of the leading killers for women in the U.S. Ever year, the number of women who suffer a stroke exceed their male counterparts by 55,000. (naturalnews.com)
  • Moreover, the rising occurrence of infertility amongst women is restricting the use of contraceptives. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • The increasing prevalence of obesity has been leading to infertility among both men and women. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Furthermore, obesity is also considered a prime cause of reduced response to fertility treatment among both men and women. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
  • Many cases are found in women using intra-uterine contraceptive device ( IUCD ) Footnote 9 . (canada.ca)
  • Actinomycosis is three times more common in men than women Footnote 10 . (canada.ca)
  • A new study found that men and women are pretty unsatisfied with their contraceptive choices , and that has big implications for whether or not they'll use it. (bustle.com)
  • But that means nearly one in three men aren't fans of the device, and a little more than one in five women aren't down with it, either. (bustle.com)
  • By 21 years old, a majority of men and women are sexually active. (bustle.com)
  • About 49 percent of women are happy being abstinent, while 42 percent of men report the same satisfaction. (bustle.com)
  • Play media Play media Several options exist for women, depending on the approval status of devices in their region. (wikipedia.org)
  • The contraceptive implant is hormone-based and highly effective, approved in more than 60 countries and used by millions of women around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • To help understand fertility patterns across demographics, researchers combed through the latest data from the National Survey of Family Growth to study contraceptive use among women. (10news.com)
  • The new report found that contraceptive use went up with age, with 37.2% of women 15 to 19, 61.9% of those 20 to 29, 72% of women 30 to 39 and 73.7% of women 40 to 49 using contraception. (10news.com)
  • Women of all age groups have adduced different reasons to explaining their non-acceptance of contraceptives. (thisdaylive.com)
  • Sadly, Omonigo is not among the 15 per cent of women in Nigeria using any form of contraceptives for limiting and spacing birth, as reported by World Bank Collection, World Health Organisation and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (thisdaylive.com)
  • Women in a union and those aged greater than 30 years turn to be less likely to use a contraceptive method than the rest of the population meanwhile women whose partner approve contraceptive-use or who discuss about family planning with their partners, are most likely to use a contraceptive method than others. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Affirming the rights of women, the Methodists supported full equality with men and demanded and end to "sex-role stereotypes. (kendallharmon.net)
  • Thanks to decades of advanced scientific and medical research, women and men are fortunate to have more choices than ever. (virtua.org)
  • In February, the FDA ordered that Essure only be sold through doctors who guaranteed that women were being fully informed about risks connected to the device. (upi.com)
  • For example, the federal regulations designed to implement the Hyde Amendment-the provision that blocks the use of public funds to pay for abortion services for low-income women-say that although funding is not available for abortions, it is available for "drugs or devices to prevent implantation of the fertilized ovum. (guttmacher.org)
  • It also provides information and data analysis of the global contraceptive market with respect to the segments based on product type, distribution channel and geography. (mrrse.com)
  • This section of the report also provides market attractiveness analysis, by geography and market share analysis by key players, thus presenting a thorough analysis of the overall competitive scenario in the global contraceptive market. (mrrse.com)
  • The report also profiles major players in the global contraceptive market based on various attributes such as company overview, financial overview, product portfolio, business strategies, and recent developments. (mrrse.com)
  • CDC, through close collaboration with WHO, has contributed substantially during the last 15 years to creation of WHO's global family planning guidance, which includes four documents: the medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, the selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, a decision-making tool for clients and providers, and a global family planning handbook. (cdc.gov)
  • Adaptation of the World Health Organization's Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use for the United States. (medscape.com)
  • Summary of changes within the Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, third edition 26 7. (rhsupplies.org)
  • Sixteen adult male rhesus monkeys received intravas injections of Vasalgel. (eurekalert.org)
  • To test the safety and effectiveness of Vasalgel, the drug was injected into 16 adult male rhesus monkeys, and the results were compared to the same number of monkeys who were previously vasectomized. (xtalks.com)
  • CDC created U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2010, from guidance developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and finalized the recommendations after consultation with a group of health professionals who met in Atlanta, Georgia, during February 2009. (cdc.gov)
  • This revised edition has been updated to include the 2016 UK Medical Eligibility Criteria for contraceptive use, as well as other updates. (kobo.com)
  • Birth Control Implant is a long-acting birth control contraceptive inserted into the arm. (medindia.net)
  • An implant device is includes an expandable balloon configured to expand in response to internal pressure applied thereto. (sumobrain.com)
  • Whereas , The deferred operation of this act would tend to defeat its purpose, which is to provide forthwith contraceptive coverage and economic security in the commonwealth, therefore it is hereby declared to be an emergency law, necessary for the immediate preservation of the public health and convenience. (malegislature.gov)
  • This report holds the market estimation of the global contraceptives market in terms of value (USD million) for the period 2012 - 2018, considering the base year 2011 as. (prweb.com)
  • The report further calculated the value of the contraceptives devices market as US$ 7013.8 Mn in the year 2018 and expected the market to reach US$ 11166.4 Mn by 2025. (medgadget.com)
  • All the above factors are anticipated to witness promising growth in the contraceptive devices market between 2018 and 2025. (medgadget.com)
  • FRIDAY, July 20, 2018 -- Amid lawsuits and plummeting sales for its Essure birth control device, drug giant Bayer announced Friday that it would cease U.S. sales of the product by the end of 2018. (upi.com)