Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often in mixtures with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Contraceptive devices used by males.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
(6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Sexual activities of humans.
Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
17 alpha-Hydroxypregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one. A synthetic steroid hormone with progestational effects.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.
Abnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to MENSTRUATION, usually in females without regular MENSTRUAL CYCLE. The irregular and unpredictable bleeding usually comes from a dysfunctional ENDOMETRIUM.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.
Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
Individuals requesting induced abortions.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.

Pregnancies averted among U.S. teenagers by the use of contraceptives. (1/208)

CONTEXT: The personal and social costs associated with teenage pregnancy in the United States concern many policymakers and researchers, yet the role of contraception in preventing these pregnancies has not been adequately quantified. METHODS: Published estimates of contraceptive effectiveness were applied to 1995 National Survey of Family Growth data on sexual and contraceptive practices in order to estimate the number of pregnancies averted through the use of contraceptives by U.S. teenagers. Four scenarios of contraceptives access--from current levels of access to highly restricted access--and teenagers' sexual and contraceptive practices in response to such restrictions are used to project the potential impact on pregnancies among teenagers. RESULTS: Current levels of contraceptive use averted an estimated 1.65 million pregnancies among 15-19-year-old women in the United States during 1995. If these young women had been denied access to both prescription and over-the-counter contraceptive methods, an estimated one million additional pregnancies (ranging from 750,000 to 1.25 million) would have occurred, assuming some decrease in sexual activity. These pregnancies would have led to 480,000 live births, 390,000 abortions, 120,000 miscarriages, 10,000 ectopic pregnancies and 37 maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use by teenage women prevents pregnancies and negative pregnancy-related health consequences that can disrupt the lives of adolescent women and that have substantial societal costs. Continued and expanded access to contraceptives for adolescents is a critically important public health strategy.  (+info)

Use of long-acting depot progestogen in domililiary family planning. (2/208)

Medroxyprogesterone acetate injections have been used as a long-term contraceptive by the domiciliary family planning service in Glasgow. The injections were particularly useful in women with a high risk of becoming pregnant and in whom oral or intrauterine contraception had failed or was unacceptable. The optimum dose was 200 mg every 15-16 weeks. It was accepted by an increasing proportion of women, only 12 out of 162 discontinuing because of side effects. Continuation rates compared favourably with those for the pill, but less well than those for intrauterine contraceptive devices. The theoretical hazards should be weighed against the positive good resulting from controlled fertility in domiciliary patients.  (+info)

Synergistic role of nitric oxide and progesterone during the establishment of pregnancy in the rat. (3/208)

Successful pregnancy is strictly dependent on the trophoblast-decidual interaction and on an adequate blood supply to the implantation sites. Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to play an important role during advanced gestation, although its role during early pregnancy is unclear. The aim of the present study in rats was to evaluate whether NO plays a role during the preimplantation [days 1-4 post coitum (p.c.)] and peri-implantation (days 6-8 p.c.) phases of pregnancy. The rats were treated with the non-specific nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), and the iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine in the presence and absence of low-dose antiprogestin, onapristone, and evaluated on days 9 p.c. and 19 p.c., respectively. Before implantation, the treatments alone (L-NAME, aminoguanidine, onapristone) had little effect on pregnancy outcome. Conversely, aminoguanidine plus onapristone treatment completely prevented pregnancy, whereas L-NAME plus onapristone reduced the pregnancy rate to approximately 50%. In addition, both treatments drastically reduced decidualization. Oviductal flushing experiments revealed arrest of embryo development at around the 8-cell stage after aminoguanidine plus onapristone treatment on days 1-4 p.c. Similarly, treatment during the peri-implantation period with L-NAME, aminoguanidine, and onapristone each had only marginal effects on pregnancy. However, a combination of L-NAME and onapristone, and aminoguanidine plus onapristone prevented pregnancy in 71% and 42% of dams, respectively, as determined on day 19 p.c. These treatments also markedly inhibited the decidualization process. This study demonstrates synergistic effects of NOS inhibitors and an antiprogestin in preventing pregnancy. NOS, particularly the cytokine- and progesterone-inducible iNOS, may represent a new target for novel therapeutic agents capable of promoting or inhibiting pregnancy.  (+info)

Contraceptive failure rates: new estimates from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. (4/208)

CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health concern in the United States. Information on pregnancy rates among contraceptive users is needed to guide medical professionals' recommendations and individuals' choices of contraceptive methods. METHODS: Data were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the 1994-1995 Abortion Patient Survey (APS). Hazards models were used to estimate method-specific contraceptive failure rates during the first six months and during the first year of contraceptive use for all U.S. women. In addition, rates were corrected to take into account the underreporting of induced abortion in the NSFG. Corrected 12-month failure rates were also estimated for subgroups of women by age, union status, poverty level, race or ethnicity, and religion. RESULTS: When contraceptive methods are ranked by effectiveness over the first 12 months of use (corrected for abortion underreporting), the implant and injectables have the lowest failure rates (2-3%), followed by the pill (8%), the diaphragm and the cervical cap (12%), the male condom (14%), periodic abstinence (21%), withdrawal (24%) and spermicides (26%). In general, failure rates are highest among cohabiting and other unmarried women, among those with an annual family income below 200% of the federal poverty level, among black and Hispanic women, among adolescents and among women in their 20s. For example, adolescent women who are not married but are cohabiting experience a failure rate of about 31% in the first year of contraceptive use, while the 12-month failure rate among married women aged 30 and older is only 7%. Black women have a contraceptive failure rate of about 19%, and this rate does not vary by family income; in contrast, overall 12-month rates are lower among Hispanic women (15%) and white women (10%), but vary by income, with poorer women having substantially greater failure rates than more affluent women. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of contraceptive failure vary widely by method, as well as by personal and background characteristics. Income's strong influence on contraceptive failure suggests that access barriers and the general disadvantage associated with poverty seriously impede effective contraceptive practice in the United States.  (+info)

Contraceptive failure, method-related discontinuation and resumption of use: results from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. (5/208)

CONTEXT: Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Of these, half occur to women who were practicing contraception in the month they conceived, and others occur when couples stop use because they find their method difficult or inconvenient to use. METHODS: Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth were used to compute life-table probabilities of contraceptive failure for reversible methods of contraception, discontinuation of use for a method-related reason and resumption of contraceptive use. RESULTS: Within one year of starting to use a reversible method of contraception, 9% of women experience a contraceptive failure--7% of those using the pill, 9% of those relying on the male condom and 19% of those practicing withdrawal. During a lifetime of use of reversible methods, the typical woman will experience 1.8 contraceptive failures. Overall, 31% of women discontinue use of a reversible contraceptive for a method-related reason within six months of starting use, and 44% do so within 12 months; however, 68% resume use of a method within one month and 76% do so within three months. Multivariate analyses show that the risk of contraceptive failure is elevated among low-income women and Hispanic women. Low-income women are also less likely than other women to resume contraceptive use after discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: The risks of pregnancy during typical use of reversible methods of contraception are considerably higher than risks of failure during clinical trials, reflecting imperfect use of these methods rather than lack of inherent efficacy. High rates of method-related discontinuation probably reflect dissatisfaction with available methods.  (+info)

Serum sialic acid in a random sample of the general population. (6/208)

BACKGROUND: The serum sialic acid (SA) concentration has been reported to be a potentially useful but nonspecific disease marker. We wanted to study which factors influence SA concentration in a well-characterized healthy population. METHODS: SA was determined in 97 women and 96 men with a colorimetric Warren method. RESULTS: The mean +/- SD concentrations of SA were 634 +/- 109 (95% confidence interval, 612-656) and 630 +/- 106 (95% confidence interval, 608-651) mg/L for women and men, respectively. The serum SA showed a significant positive association with body mass index and with systolic and diastolic blood pressure among both women and men. SA also correlated significantly with the use of contraceptive pills and age among women and with smoking among men. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that SA does not increase with age in men but appears to increase with female menopause. The strong positive association with blood pressure may explain why SA predicts cardiovascular mortality.  (+info)

Safety and efficacy of fertility-regulating methods: a decade of research. (7/208)

An international venture was launched in 1985 to fill a recognized gap in post-marketing surveillance of fertility-regulating methods. For this purpose a new task force was set up by the Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, which is cosponsored by the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund, the World Bank, and WHO. Research priorities were chosen and epidemiological studies inaugurated, involving a total of 47 countries--mostly from the developing world. Important progress has been made, especially in helping to define the beneficial and possible adverse effects of oral contraceptives on the risk of neoplasia; in showing that the injectable contraceptive depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate protects against endometrial cancer and does not increase the overall risk of breast cancer, in clarifying which groups of women are susceptible to the rare cardiovascular complications of oral contraceptives (myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thromboembolism); and in establishing the long-term effectiveness and safety of intrauterine devices. The research has already made a significant impact on family planning policies and practice. Critical appraisal of this venture, which has been modestly funded, confirms the value of mission-oriented research. It also illustrates the potential of collaboration that bridges the global divide between developing and developed countries.  (+info)

Dynamics of contraceptive use in a rural community of Haryana. (8/208)

A cross-sectional survey was carried out to study the dynamics of contraceptive use in three villages of Raipur Rani block in district Panchkula, Haryana. A female social worker interviewed 600 ever-married women aged 15-44 years using a semi-structured interview schedule. More than 75% of the respondents were aware about modern contraceptives. Fifty-nine percent of the couples had used contraceptives. Among the 351 ever-users, the first contraceptive method used was sterilization in 41.3%, condom in 35.6%, IUD in 17.9%, and oral pills in 5.1%. Subsequently, many of them either discontinued or shifted to other methods. At the time of survey, 236 (39.3%) were using a contraceptive. Most of the current users (225) had opted for tubectomy, and only a few (4) had accepted vasectomy. Supplies of contraceptives were obtained mainly from government hospitals and sub-health centres. Common reasons for discontinuation were perceived untoward effects (37.1%), desire for more children (32.6%), and failure of the contraceptive method (19.0%). Most of the respondents obtained contraceptives from Government health posts. Counselling and follow-up services should should be strengthened so that contraceptives are used regularly and effectively for longer periods.  (+info)

In the developing world, 74 million unintended pregnancies occur annually, of which a sizable share, 30%, are due to contraceptive failure among women using some type of contraceptive method. Detailed information on contraceptive failure rates is critical to inform improvements in provision of contraceptive information, supplies and services, which can help women and couples to use methods correctly and consistently. We undertook a study to update contraceptive failure rates and provide a more comprehensive global picture. We provide new estimates of contraceptive failure in 43 counties across seven subregions using recent data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS ...
In 2018, Contraceptive Prevalence (Any Methods) in Pakistan was 34 Percent of Women Aged 15-49. Discover more data with NationMaster!
In 2019, Contraceptive Prevalence (Any Methods) in Uganda was 42 Percent of Women Aged 15-49. Discover more data with NationMaster!
Question - Had an abortion, on contraceptives. Started bleeding after intercourse, heavy with pain. Anything wrong ?. Ask a Doctor about Abortion, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
This is quite an understatement of the importance of medical oversight. Chronic conditions, especially those like diabetes mellitus and asthma, require follow up and guidance from their physicians. Having diabetes is quite a bit more complicated than mere numbers and glucometer checks. Diabetes education, foot checks, eye exams and hemoglobin A1C are just a few of the regular checks that your physician performs. Additionally, with asthma, the disease can change and require a change of medications. It is also important patients receive education and guidance to avoid exacerbations and trigger events. Yeah, they still need to see their doctor ...
This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of contraception available in the United States. Estimates are provided of probabilities of failure during typical use (which includes both incorrect and inconsistent use) and du …
September 2017: Report Successful family planning programs listen to the different needs of clients and respond with strategies that expand informed, voluntary contraceptive choice: offering a range of affordable contraceptive methods; providing client-centered, comprehensive counseling; employing a variety of service delivery approaches; and ensuring continuous supplies of contraceptive commodities. Expanding individuals contraceptive choices supports increased and continuous contraceptive use, enabling more women and couples to realize their ambitions for themselves and their families and helping communities and nations achieve their development goals. This web feature and accompanying brief explore the rationale for expanding contraceptive choice. ...
September 2017: Report Successful family planning programs listen to the different needs of clients and respond with strategies that expand informed, voluntary contraceptive choice: offering a range of affordable contraceptive methods; providing client-centered, comprehensive counseling; employing a variety of service delivery approaches; and ensuring continuous supplies of contraceptive commodities. Expanding individuals contraceptive choices supports increased and continuous contraceptive use, enabling more women and couples to realize their ambitions for themselves and their families and helping communities and nations achieve their development goals. This web feature and accompanying brief explore the rationale for expanding contraceptive choice. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Subnational estimation of modern contraceptive prevalence in five sub-Saharan African countries. T2 - A Bayesian hierarchical approach 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services. AU - Li, Qingfeng. AU - Louis, Thomas. AU - Liu, Li. AU - Wang, Chenguang. AU - Tsui, Amy Ong. PY - 2019/2/20. Y1 - 2019/2/20. N2 - Background: Global monitoring efforts have relied on national estimates of modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) for many low-income countries. However, most contraceptive delivery programs are implemented by health departments at lower administrative levels, reflecting a persisting gap between the availability of and need for subnational mCPR estimates. Methods: Using woman-level data from multiple semi-annual national survey rounds conducted between 2013 and 2016 in five sub-Saharan African countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda) by the Performance, Monitoring and Accountability 2020 project, we propose a Bayesian ...
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) in Haiti was last measured at 34.50 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) in Haiti.
Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) in Mali.
The aim of the study was to investigate the determinants of use of modern contraceptive among married women in Ethiopia. Our study is based on the data taken from a nationally representative survey EDHS of 2011. The sample includes 9,438 married women aged 15-49 years. Cross tabulations were carried out at the bivariate level to assess the association between contraceptive use and each of the explanatory variables and binary multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing modem contraceptive use among married women in Ethiopia. The bivariate analysis reveals statistically significant association between all explanatory variables i.e age of woman, region, religion, place of residence, education level of woman, number of living children, desire for more children, wealth status, and decision maker for modern contraception, educational level of husband, modern contraceptive knowledge and exposure to media. Results for binary multiple logistic regression analysis reveals
Background: Unwanted pregnancy and HIV infection are issues of significant concern to young people. Limited data exists on contraceptive decision-making and practices among HIV-infected and HIV-negative young people in low resource settings with generalized HIV epidemics. Methods: From July 2007 until April 2009, we recruited, and followed up over a one year period, a cohort of 501 HIV-negative and 276 HIV-infected young women and men aged 15-24 years residing in Kampala and Wakiso districts. We compared contraceptive use among HIV-infected and HIV-negative young people and assessed factors associated with contraceptive decision-making and use, using multivariate logistic regression modelling to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Contraceptive use among sexually active HIV-infected young people was 34% while it was 59% among the HIV-negative group. The condom was the most frequently used method of contraception. Only 24% of the HIV-infected used condoms ...
Despite progress in recent years, girls and women remain disadvantaged relative to boys in many parts of the world, with multiple negative potential implications. At the heart of gender inequality are social norms and attitudes about gender that give rise to and perpetuate discriminatory institutions, and ultimately inhibit institutional and behavioral change. Despite this, little is understood about the how gender norms and attitudes evolve and adapt. One important question is why is gender inequality acute and persistent in particular societies but not others? A related question is how readily do gender attitudes evolve when women are given more opportunities to advance and thereby influence perceptions about womens relative ability? This project will contribute to our understanding of both questions by collecting new and unique data that will be used to investigate how gender attitudes respond to improvements in girls schooling and a narrowing of the gender gap in cognitive ability that ...
Since 1966, Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) started modern family planning in Ethiopia; even though the contraceptive prevalence rate/CPR..
The 1982 Barbados Male Family Planning Survey used a two-stage sample design, representative of males ages 15 to 49. The sample of males is not self-weighting but was weighted based on the number of eligible males in a household. A total of 1,301 interviews were successfully completed.. A similar survey was conducted in 1980-1981 that covered only females ages 15 to 49.. ...
An easy-to-use gel applied daily to the skin shows promise as a reversible contraceptive for men, researchers reported Tuesday at the Endocrine Society Annual Meeting in Houston.
Contraceptive injections moderately increase a womans risk of becoming infected with HIV, a large scientific analysis has found. The research in a leading medical journal will further fuel a controversy that has been raging for more than two decades. The implications of a possible link between hormonal injections and the virus alarm both HIV and birth control campaigners… (Boseley, 1/8).. TIME: This Contraceptive Is Linked to a Higher Risk of ...
Significant proportions of U.S. women switch contraceptive methods. Indeed, when all method-related reasons for stopping use are considered, two-year discontinuation rates are as high as 90% for some methods; rates are particularly high among unmarried women.1 As a result, the rate of method switching is the primary determinant of the prevalence of use of specific contraceptives.
How effective are the various methods? Some contraceptive methods are more effective in preventing pregnancy than others, while only condoms offer any protection against sexually transmitted infections. The following figures will give you some idea of which kinds of contraception are the most efficient at protecting you against pregnancy.
Vets cant prescribe pot. Its illegal. So the California law would be a first. But if you are jonesing for something similar, theres already a substantial alternative market for this. Hemp oils and drops, Hemp chews, Meowijuana. Its very above board.. One thing I did learn is that you should not self-dope your dog. Human and animal physiology is different so, you could run into trouble. Signs of overconsumption can include vomiting, diarrhea, trouble with equilibrium, or seeming zoned-out or spacey. So stick with human self-prescribing when legal or where you just dont care.. Dude. Your dog looks paranoid. No, thats you.. Or move to California. Though, youd have to be mighty desperate to put up with all the other nonsense on the left coast to obtain legal pet marijuana.. ...
Contraceptive methods involve the whole range of measures used to prevent pregnancy. They may be reversible or irreversible. The reversible ones can be
WASHINGTON -- Birth control took center stage this week with two FDA panel votes on contraceptive agents and a decision by HHS head Kathleen Sebelius that the morning-after pill will not be available
The contraceptive injection is a contraceptive method as opposed to the pill, patch or ring, with each shot lasting up to 8, 12 or 13 weeks long. Find out more
Young girls are now starring in mainstream action films and TV shows, filling the roles of star characters and heroes traditionally occupied by boys.
This programmatic brief explores how to expand HIV and STI prevention and contraceptive method options in contraceptive services and, ➫read more
The Morning-After Pill also called emergency contraception is an oral hormonal birth control that is used after unprotected intercourse or suspected contraceptive failure. Its often referred to by the brand name Plan B One-Step. It is not intended for routine use as a contraceptive ...
As the United States celebrates Black History Month, one enduring challenge we face as a nation is the persistent health disparities between black and white Americans. The area of sexual and reproductive health, in particular, is riddled with inequities, including differences in contraceptive failure rates, unintended pregnancy and abortion among teen and adult women, and rates of infection with HIV and other STIs among both men and women. While much progress has been made, our efforts and attention need to be directed toward equalizing health outcomes for all Americans.
And then right in the middle of everything she finds out that she is pregnant. Her life is not a leisurely one with time to start studying biology and childcare and her own psychology and the big questions like how can this pregnancy be framed as a positive thing, rather than a contraceptive failure and a huge incoming expense? She had a job. A family. Travel plans. So whatever research she did not probably include a few salient facts: It is advised that you get a doctors clearance before you fly in the third trimester. (They look at the cervix. If the cervix is tight and thick and solid you are good to go. Lots of women fly in the third trimester.) Very possibly she spent umpteen hours trying to figure out where she should go at the end or middle of May to give birth in her home town, and how she could get her medical benefits through the military etc. And she may have been googling things like how to hold a baby and the pros and cons of breastfeeding. Its not like a single one page of ...
Expanding contraceptive choices offers the potential to put power into womens hands said the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in reaction to the Sayana Press announcement by Pfizer BD, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and CIFF today. IPPF ...
As all those T.V. parents say: This isnt an argument, its a discussion! I understand your point, and I feel that were on opposite sides of the fence. I simply dont believe that weve evolved past the point of our primal urges enough (or at all) to make the link between procreation and sex appeal any less relevant. As Nyokki pointed out, guys in our society arent normally after girls to consciously get them pregnant. I daresay they normally avoid it with the contraceptive methods you mentioned. If they care enough to do so. The urge to hook up is strong enough to explain 99% of the stupid crap we do as guys. In my mind, it all relates back to animalistic hierarchy and mating. Were not as evolved as we like to think we are. Every time a guy gets hurt trying to look cool, its all about trying to assert his place in the pack. Every time he ends up looking like a dork in front of a girl, its a misguided attempt at clubbing her over the head. Metaphorically speaking of course. In my ...
1 Answer - Posted in: lupron, lupron depot, lupron depot 3.75 mg - Answer: Lupron Depot 3.75mg works for 1 month, as it needs to be administered ...
Although CBD of injectable contraceptives is no longer a novel idea in sub-Saharan Africa, the process of translating community-based health care policies into effective programs is not always straightforward. For example, policy makers in Mozambique were supportive of CBD, but there was limited country-specific experience and no country-level data to support the policy. Consequently, this study generated evidence to support CBD of DMPA in northern Mozambique and found that provision of injectable contraceptives by APEs and TBAs was feasible, safe, effective, and acceptable among women. Very few morbidities at the injection site and no deaths were reported. The study demonstrated that APEs and TBAs can improve contraceptive access and use in rural Mozambican communities; in fact, the majority of women in the study started using contraception for the first time during the study period, and satisfaction with community-based providers was high and improved over the entire study ...
Despite the enormous benefits of family planning services, the contraceptive utilization still remains low in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is regional variation in modern contraceptive utilization in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the prevalence of modern contraceptive utilization and determinants in Dabat demographic and health surveillance system site, northwest Ethiopia. A re-census was carried out in Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site from October to December 2014. Data of 8271 married women collected in the re-census was used. The outcome variable was current utilization of any modern contraceptive methods whereas socio demographic and economic variables were the potential determinants considered. Bi-variable and multivariable binary logistic regression along with odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were used to describe the strength of association. Prevalence of modern contraceptive utilization among married women in Dabat DHSS site was found to be
The transmembrane migration method has permitted quantification of the effect of drugs on human sperm motility. Calcium ionophores and calcium antagonists have paradoxical effects on motility depending on the stage of sperm maturity. Drugs with membrane stabilizing properties inhibit sperm motility. Propranolol, for example, has been shown to have contraceptive activity when administered intra-vaginally. Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that the systemic availability of vaginally administered propranolol is markedly greater than after oral administration. Seminal fluid concentrations of propranolol after oral administration are similar to those in plasma, but cervicovaginal mucus concentrations are much higher, and residence times much longer. The clinical consequences of these observations await elucidation.. ...
|div id=teaser class=fragment teaser ||div class=p|Everything NICE has said on contraceptive services for under 25s in an interactive flowchart|/div||/div|
TITLE: Ortho Options Vaginal Contraceptive Gel, Prefilled Applicators - 6ea Ortho Options conceptrol contraceptive gel is unscented, clear, unflavored...
The Supreme Court has agreed to revisit Obamacare, this time to review the requirement that most employers provide contraceptive coverage in their employee health insurance plans. On Tuesday, the court accepted two cases centered on the issue of business owners religious expression. Its another test for the embattled health care law,...
Question - What are the different contraceptive methods that can be followed?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Combined oral contraceptive pill, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Societal norms about gender roles contribute to the economic disadvantages facing women in many developing countries. This paper evaluates an intervention aimed at eroding support for restrictive gender norms, specifically a multi-year school-based intervention in Haryana, India, that engaged adolescents in classroom discussions about gender equality. Using a randomized controlled trial, we find that the intervention increased adolescents support for gender equality by 0.25 standard deviations, a sizable effect compared to other correlates of their gender attitudes such as their parents views. Program participants also report more gender-equitable behavior; for example, boys report helping out more with household chores. You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.. ...
Hello, We have been trying to conceive for 4 years. 2 weeks ago I started a new IVF cycle with Lupron Depot (a single shot). Somehow two weeks after the shot I conceived naturally. I read a lot of b...
LUPRON DEPOT 3.75mg (Leuprolide) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient assistance.
I am in my fourth month of Lupron Depot Treatment and I have started bleeding a little bit and I shouldnt be. Has anyone ever had this problem before?
Worldwide, 214 million women have an unmet need for modern contraception (i.e., they do not wish to get pregnant and are using no contraceptive method or a traditional method).6 Access to FP methods varies significantly by region (see Table 1). Unmet need for FP is highest in regions like sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania where contraceptive prevalence is lowest.7 Adolescent fertility rates have declined slowly and remain particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa, where child marriage remains common, and in Latin America and the Caribbean.8 While the percentage of pregnant women receiving the recommended minimum number of four antenatal care visits has been on the rise, it is 52% in developing countries and lower still in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia.9 Each year, approximately 47,000 women die from complications associated with unsafe abortion.10 Access to and use of effective contraception reduces unintended pregnancies and the incidence of abortion.11. Reasons for the lack of access to and, ...
Similar to any other technique of birth control, the DMPA contraceptives also have their advantages and disadvantages. First, a look at the advantages. This method is hassle free and effective. It has been used by over 90 million women and is reported to be as effective as sterilization. One injection can prevent pregnancy for 3 months. Secondly, it offers no hindrance to normal sexual life and can be made use of at any stage. Thirdly, it is extremely safe and can be even used by nursing mothers as early as six weeks after childbirth. Also, there is probably no increase in congenital abnormalities when contraception failure occurs. Fourthly, there are no side effects related to estrogen, which involve the risk of heart attack. Fifthly, it shields the body from ovarian and endometrial cancer and uterine fibroids. Lastly, it is reversible and one can plan a family after a gap of three to six months on stopping the usage.. The disadvantages include alteration in menstrual bleeding, which implies ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Calliope, the Contraceptive Pipeline Database, houses information on potential contraceptive targets and leads in early development, products in pre-clinical and clinical development, and a selection of products with limited market availability. Calliope is coordinated by FHI 360 as part of the Contraceptive Technology Innovation (CTI) Exchange, www.ctiexchange.org, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.. Explore the database below using the keyword search, the search filters, and the two display options. For each entry in the database, click on the entry name to view its full information.. See our How to Use page for additional guidance and our About and Glossary pages for more information.. ...
Calliope, the Contraceptive Pipeline Database, houses information on potential contraceptive targets and leads in early development, products in pre-clinical and clinical development, and a selection of products with limited market availability. Calliope is coordinated by FHI 360 as part of the Contraceptive Technology Innovation (CTI) Exchange, www.ctiexchange.org, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.. Explore the database below using the keyword search, the search filters, and the two display options. For each entry in the database, click on the entry name to view its full information.. See our How to Use page for additional guidance and our About and Glossary pages for more information.. ...
Special consideration: Adolescents In general, adolescents are eligible to use any method of contraception and must have access to a variety of contraceptive choices. Age alone does not constitute a medical reason for denying any method to adolescents. While some concerns have been expressed regarding the use of certain contraceptive methods in adolescents (e.g. the use of progestogen-only injectables by those below 18 years), these concerns must be balanced against the advantages of avoiding pregnancy. It is clear that many of the same eligibility criteria that apply to older clients apply to young people. However, some conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disorders) that may limit use of some methods in older women do not generally affect young people since these conditions are rare in this age group. Social and behavioural issues should be important considerations in the choice of contraceptive methods by adolescents. For example, in some settings, adolescents are also at increased risk for STIs, ...
Search for information on a specific species or issue related to wildlife fertility control. Articles are added on a rolling basis. If you would like your work to be included in the repository, please contact [email protected] ...
BACKGROUND: This study examines social, demographic and family planning programme factors influencing intrauterine device (IUD) use, failure and subsequent resolution (use dynamics) in the 1988 Chinese National Survey of Fertility and Contraceptive Prevalence. METHOD: A time-to-failure model was used to identify independent determinants of IUD failure. Logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of abortion in women after failure. RESULTS: Being younger at IUD fitting [,25 versus , or = 35 years, hazard ratio 5.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.3, 7.7] and having a larger number of living children (, or = 3 versus ,2 children, hazard ratio 1.2, 95% CI 1.1, 1.4) predict higher risk of IUD failure when controlled for each other; but in women with IUD failure, being older and having fewer children predict a much higher chance of resulting abortion. Contraceptive history and social/regional factors were also associated with higher IUD failure risk, in particular, use before ...
Abstract in English:. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence of current use of oral and injectable contraceptives by Brazilian women, according to demographic and socioeconomic variables and issues related to access to those medicines. METHODS A cross-sectional, population-based analytical study with probability sampling based on data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), carried out between September 2013 and February 2014 in 20,404 Brazilian urban households. Prevalence was calculated based on reports from non-pregnant women aged 15-49 on the use of oral or injectable contraceptives. The independent variables were gender, age, level of education, socioeconomic class, Brazilian region and marital status. Also analyzed were access, means of payment, sources, and reported medicines. Statistical analyses considered 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) ...
If female, be of non-child bearing potential (surgically sterile, post-menopausal for 12 months or receiving a stable dose of implanted or injectable contraceptive for at least 3 months with last dose of injectable contraceptive within 2 months). Non-surgical menopause history must be confirmed by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels as defined by established lab ranges ...
Side effects of Beyaz are mostly mild and Beyaz reviews seem quite positive. I havent noticed a change in sex drive. I started with Yaz and was switched to Beyaz after my periods stopped coming. I was originally on Yaz, cleared up skin in 3 months. Beyaz is a low-dose, monophasic oral combined estrogen-progestational medication that includes active tablets and auxiliaries containing calcium levomefolate.The contraceptive effect of the preparation is mainly carried out by suppressing ovulation and increasing the viscosity of the secretion of the cervix.In women taking combined oral contraceptives, the periods become more regular, the soreness, intensity and duration of menstrual bleeding decrease. The 2 month I was wondering why my acne wasnt going away but my moods had improved. Beyaz has an average rating of 7.5 out of 10 from a total of 29 ratings for the treatment of Acne. There are four FDA-approved oral contraceptives to treat acne: Ortho-Tri-Cyclen, Estrostep FE, YAZ and BEYAZ. Yaz (or ...
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A side effect of todays contraceptive pills is that they disrupt hormone production in women, but now, scientists have found a protein target, which could pave the way for contraceptive
There is a growing need for data on contraceptive efficacy in obese women. This article details the current state of knowledge in this regard.
The contraceptive injection is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. It can protect you for eight weeks or 12 weeks. The contraceptive injection contains the hormone progestogen.
To not be missed the plan , you needs to learn and implement immediately the popular method contraceptive below. This is best methods to contraceptive
According to researchers, a remote controlled contraceptive chip could be available by 2018. According to researchers from MicroCHIP Inc. in Massachusetts, a remote controlled contraceptive chip could be a possibility for women over the next few years.
Congressional representatives and those in executive positions should make a clear stand on not just respecting the rights of individuals and couples to informed choice. They must clearly make a stance that they will earmark funds to provide wide access to modern contraceptives and reproductive health care services. It is very easy for middle class and upper class women to pay for their own contraceptives and other reproductive health care services but this is not the case for poor women in the communities, rural areas, and in the ARMM. For poor women, they are unable to buy contraceptives, they cannot afford to pay for anti-biotics to treat their reproductive tract infection for them to be able to have an IUD inserted, they cannot afford to pay for a P2,500 ligation procedure even when they already have four or more children, they are unable to get pre-natal and post-natal check ups because they have to tend to the needs of their several children at home nor they can pay for a simple PAP smear ...
Not only do people use Yaz for birth control; they may also take it for the treatment of acne. This eMedTV resources discusses the contraceptives uses in more detail, explains how Yaz works, and explores the effectiveness of this form of birth control.
I just finished a round of Docetaxel in October, and got my 2nd 6-month Depot shot of Lupron in December ( I got both my 1st chemo and my 1st Lupron in late Jun...
For twenty-five years Lynne Millican has been promoting awareness of, and trying to prompt investigations into, the serious problems associated with the drug Lupron. ____________________________________ In 1989, I received a prescription for the drug Lupron from a world-renowned Boston hospital for treatment of endometriosis and infertility. Given the prestige of the institution, and the trust…
For twenty-five years Lynne Millican has been promoting awareness of, and trying to prompt investigations into, the serious problems associated with the drug Lupron. ____________________________________ In 1989, I received a prescription for the drug Lupron from a world-renowned Boston hospital for treatment of endometriosis and infertility. Given the prestige of the institution, and the trust…
The scientific community at large have denounced use of Lupron, a prostate cancer drug, for treatment of autism. But Dr.Mark Geier and his son who pioneered the protocol persist, raising concerns.
I am so glad to hear your news. I agree, that it is really a low dose and that everything should be fine. on 12/30 I had to go to the ER for a racing heart rate that would not go down. It was 169 laying down. It was called SVT(supraventicular tachycardia). The doctor there said it can happen to anyone and they see 16 year olds come in with it. They had to give me a medicine to reboot my heart. I was very upset about that since I was 20.5 along and it would definitely cross the placenta line. Everything was fine and I have had a ultrasound and seen the OB since then. So if I can have that without hurting the babies, I doubt that such a tiny little dose of Lupron for a few days would do anything ...
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I am really looking forward to having another child, so after 2 yrs of continuous NuvaRing and 6mos of Lupron Depot, I stopped 08/24/2014. On 08/27/2014, I got what I thought was a period.
This implant offers all the protection from unwanted pregnancies with almost none of the clinic visits. So why did many say, thanks, but no thanks?
Srivastava RP, Bhaduri AP (1989). "Emerging concepts towards the development of contraceptive agents". Prog Drug Res. 33: 267- ... Combined oral contraceptives containing ethinylestradiol have been found to increase circulating SHBG levels by 2- to 4-fold in ... Hassoun LA, Chahal DS, Sivamani RK, Larsen LN (June 2016). "The use of hormonal agents in the treatment of acne". Semin Cutan ... It was widely used, but has largely been abandoned for this indication in favor of newer agents with improved safety profiles ...
Stĕrba R (1976). "[A Czechoslovak injection-contraceptive agent administered once a month]". Zentralbl Gynakol (in German). 98 ... Toppozada MK (April 1994). "Existing once-a-month combined injectable contraceptives". Contraception. 49 (4): 293-301. doi: ... Mokhtar K. Toppozada (1983). "Monthly Injectable Contraceptives". In Alfredo Goldsmith; Mokhtar Toppozada (eds.). Long-Acting ... Ashgate Handbook of Endocrine Agents and Steroids. Taylor & Francis. pp. 158-. ISBN 978-1-351-74347-1. J. Horsky; J. Presl (6 ...
Stĕrba R (1976). "[A Czechoslovak injection-contraceptive agent administered once a month]". Zentralbl Gynakol (in German). 98 ... It was studied as a combined injectable contraceptive in combination with estradiol valerate at doses of 60 mg and 10 mg, ... G.W.A Milne (1 November 2017). Ashgate Handbook of Endocrine Agents and Steroids. Taylor & Francis. pp. 158-. ISBN 978-1-351- ... Toppozada MK (April 1994). "Existing once-a-month combined injectable contraceptives". Contraception. 49 (4): 293-301. doi: ...
Kjaergaard N, Kjaergaard B, Lauritsen JG (June 1988). "Prazosin, an adrenergic blocking agent inadequate as male contraceptive ... Homonnai ZT, Shilon M, Paz GF (May 1984). "Phenoxybenzamine-an effective male contraceptive pill". Contraception. 29 (5): 479- ... which could make it an effective male contraceptive. This effect is completely reversible, and is believed to be the result of ...
Oral Contraceptives, and Ovulatory Agents". AMA drug evaluations. Publishing Sciences Group. p. 540-572. ISBN 978-0-88416-175-2 ... 406-. ISBN 978-3-88763-075-1. I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: ... "Ethinyl estradiol and 17β-estradiol in combined oral contraceptives: pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and risk assessment". ...
Oral Contraceptives, and Ovulatory Agents". AMA drug evaluations. Publishing Sciences Group. pp. 540-572. ISBN 978-0-88416-175- ... Wiegratz I, Lee JH, Kutschera E, Winkler UH, Kuhl H (August 2004). "Effect of four oral contraceptives on hemostatic parameters ... Newton JR, D'arcangues C, Hall PE (1994). "A review of "once-a-month" combined injectable contraceptives". J Obstet Gynaecol ( ... Sitruk-Ware R, Nath A (June 2011). "Metabolic effects of contraceptive steroids". Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 12 (2): 63-75. doi: ...
Oral Contraceptives, and Ovulatory Agents". AMA drug evaluations. Publishing Sciences Group. pp. 540-572. ISBN 978-0-88416-175- ... ISBN 978-92-832-1221-8. G.W.A Milne (1 November 2017). Ashgate Handbook of Endocrine Agents and Steroids. Taylor & Francis. pp ... 407-. ISBN 978-3-88763-075-1. I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: ...
Oral Contraceptives, and Ovulatory Agents". AMA drug evaluations. Publishing Sciences Group. pp. 540-572. ISBN 978-0-88416-175- ... Watson MC (March 1936). "The Sex Hormones and Their Value as Therapeutic Agents". Can Med Assoc J. 34 (3): 293-8. PMC 1561541. ... ISBN 978-94-009-8195-9. Shearman RP (June 1975). "The development of depot contraceptives". J. Steroid Biochem. 6 (6): 899-902 ... Garza-Flores J (April 1994). "Pharmacokinetics of once-a-month injectable contraceptives". Contraception. 49 (4): 347-59. doi: ...
Oral Contraceptives, and Ovulatory Agents". AMA drug evaluations. Publishing Sciences Group. pp. 540-572. ISBN 978-0-88416-175- ... natural estradiol itself is also used in some hormonal contraceptives, including in estradiol-containing oral contraceptives ... Hormonal contraceptives contain a progestin and/or estrogen and prevent ovulation and thus the possibility of pregnancy by ... Newton JR, D'arcangues C, Hall PE (1994). "A review of "once-a-month" combined injectable contraceptives". J Obstet Gynaecol ( ...
"Long-acting contraceptive agents: design of the WHO Chemical Synthesis Programme". Steroids. 41 (3): 243-53. doi:10.1016/0039- ... These formulations are used as emergency contraceptives, normal contraceptives, or in menopausal hormone therapy for the ... Levonorgestrel is currently the most androgenic progestin that remains used in contraceptives, and contraceptives containing ... Committee on the Relationship Between Oral Contraceptives and BreastCancer (1 January 1991). Oral Contraceptives and Breast ...
"Administration of norethandrolone and testosterone as a contraceptive agent for men". Contraception. 11 (2): 193-207. doi: ... Boschann HW (July 1958). "Observations of the role of progestational agents in human gynecologic disorders and pregnancy ...
"Long-acting contraceptive agents: design of the WHO Chemical Synthesis Programme". Steroids. 41 (3): 243-53. doi:10.1016/0039- ... Goebelsmann U (1986). "Pharmacokinetics of Contraceptive Steroids in Humans". In Gregoire AT, Blye RP (eds.). Contraceptive ... The drug has a well-established safety record owing to the use of levonorgestrel as an oral contraceptive since the 1960s. List ... LNG-B has been under investigation as a long-lasting injectable contraceptive for women. A single intramuscular injection of an ...
The medication was suggested as a potential contraceptive and therapeutic agent. Megestrol caproate, also known as megestrol 17 ... "Research activities in the field of oral contraceptives in the People's Republic of China". Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand Suppl. ... under the trade name acetomepregnol and recommended for therapeutic purposes in gynecological practice and as a contraceptive ...
van Vloten WA, Sigurdsson V (2004). "Selecting an oral contraceptive agent for the treatment of acne in women". American ... Shoupe, Donna (1993). "Injectable Contraceptives and Contraceptive Vaginal Rings". Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and ... as well as the atypical agent danazol. Both norethisterone and NETA are also available in the United States as contraceptives. ... to be used in an oral contraceptive. In 1964, additional contraceptive preparations containing norethisterone in combination ...
17-alpha-hydroxy 19 norprogesterone capronate as a prolonged-action injectable contraceptive agent. Revista Colombiana de ... Goebelsmann U (1986). "Pharmacokinetics of Contraceptive Steroids in Humans". In Gregoire AT, Blye RP (eds.). Contraceptive ... Gestonorone caproate was studied by Schering for use as a progestogen-only injectable contraceptive across a dose range of 2.5 ... 289-. ISBN 978-0-08-093292-7. I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: ...
List of progestogen esters Naderi S, Fotherby K (1983). "Long-acting contraceptive agents: in vitro hydrolysis of esters of ... Alvarez-Sanchez F, Brache V, Jackanicz T, Faundes A (1992). "Evaluation of four different contraceptive vaginal rings: steroid ... Sven O. Skouby (15 July 1997). Clinical Perspectives on a New Gestodene Oral Contraceptive Containing 20μg of Ethinylestradiol ... LNG-A was investigated as a hormonal contraceptive by the Population Council. ...
"A Multicenter Clinical Investigation Employing Ethinyl Estradiol Combined with dl-Norgestrel as Postcoital Contraceptive Agent ... It has also been used as an emergency contraceptive in the Yuzpe regimen. Norgestrel is a progestogen, or an agonist of the ... 390-. ISBN 978-3-540-38916-3. Lara Marks (2010). Sexual Chemistry: A History of the Contraceptive Pill. Yale University Press. ... 751-. ISBN 978-3-88763-075-1. I.K. Morton; Judith M. Hall (6 December 2012). Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents: ...
A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... Ethinylestradiol and dl-norgestrel as a postcoital contraceptive. Fertility and sterility, 1977 AA Yuzpe, HJ Thurlow, I Ramzy ...
"Triptonide is a reversible non-hormonal male contraceptive agent in mice and non-human primates". Nature Communications. 12 (1 ...
"A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... Protocol for gaining a history of the use of contraceptives, as a woman's use of birth control pills or other contraceptives ... decrease their future likelihood of using contraceptives such as condoms, and increase their chances of becoming pregnant or ...
"A multicenter clinical investigation employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as postcoital contraceptive agent ... Typically, the Yuzpe regimen uses several doses of combined oral contraceptive pills. It may be preferred in locations where ... In these places, people often self-administer combined oral contraceptives as emergency contraception. Subsequently, the World ... "Randomised controlled trial of levonorgestrel versus the Yuzpe regimen of combined oral contraceptives for emergency ...
... as well as other less well-known agents. These agents are generally used if oral contraceptives and NSAIDs are ineffective. ... Therapy with these agents has a large number of sometimes permanent side effects, such as hot flushes, loss of bone mass, ... This can also be accomplished with progestational agents (i.e., medroxyprogesterone acetate), danazol, gestrinone, or ...
Multicenter Clinical Investigation Employing ethinyl estradiol combined with dl-norgestrel as a Postcoital Contraceptive agent ... The rate varies between settings and depends particularly on the extent to which non-barrier contraceptives are being used. In ... after frequency of intercourse and use of modern contraceptives. Forced sex can also result in unintended pregnancy among adult ...
Many drugs, including oral contraceptives, some antibiotics, antidepressants, and antifungal agents, inhibit cytochrome enzymes ... A reversal agent for benzodiazepines exists, flumazenil (Anexate). Its use as an antidote is not routinely recommended because ... Although they are second-line agents, benzodiazepines can be used for a limited time to relieve severe anxiety and agitation. ... Kintz P (2007). "Bioanalytical procedures for detection of chemical agents in hair in the case of drug-facilitated crimes". ...
Hess, F. M.; King, J. C.; Margen, S. (1 December 1977). "Effect of low zinc intake and oral contraceptive agents on nitrogen ... Both uric acid and ascorbic acid are strong reducing agents (electron donors) and potent antioxidants. In humans, over half the ... This effect can be even more pronounced in women taking oral contraceptive medication. Sevelamer, a drug indicated for ...
"The police monitored the Clinic from its opening and sent in a female undercover agent to purchase contraceptive supplies. On ... confiscated an assortment of contraceptives from pessaries to condoms, along with 20 'books on young women', and arrested ...
In men, they are being investigated in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and also as potential contraceptive agents ... Subcutaneously administered agents are also associated with injection-site reactions and abarelix (neither of these being GnRH ... Amory JK (March 2007). Contraceptive developments for men. Drugs Today (Barc.) 43: 179-192. Hembree WC, Cohen-Kettenis PT, ...
... acrosin could thus serve as a novel target for contraceptive agents. Acrosin may represent as a uniquely druggable target due ... or female contraceptives through the use of intravaginal contraceptive devices. Moreover, as serine proteases are important in ... This suggests the further role of acrosin inhibitors as potentially viable agents in the prevention of HIV transmission. Adham ... Burck P.J., Zimmerman R.E. An intravaginal contraceptive device for the delivery of an acrosin and hyaluronidase inhibitor" ...
... which in turn may improve its effectiveness as an antispermatogenic agent and male contraceptive. This is salient and ... It was developed by the Contraceptive Development Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, an ... Dimethandrolone was developed under the code name CDB-1321 by the Contraceptive Development Branch of the National Institute of ... as an oral male hormonal contraceptive: induction of infertility and recovery of fertility in adult male rabbits". Journal of ...
... contraceptive agents, propranolol, and antifungals. Vaginal rings can also be used to deliver medication, including birth ... Petrova MI, Lievens E, Malik S, Imholz N, Lebeer S (2015). "Lactobacillus species as biomarkers and agents that can promote ... control in contraceptive vaginal rings. These are inserted into the vagina and provide continuous, low dose and consistent drug ...
Hormonal agents[edit]. In women, the use of combined birth control pills can improve acne.[100] These medications contain an ... Powell A (April 2017). "Choosing the Right Oral Contraceptive Pill for Teens". Pediatric Clinics of North America (Review). 64 ... "Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 63 (1). doi:10.1128/AAC.01297-18. PMC 6325184. PMID 30397052.. ... Hassoun LA, Chahal DS, Sivamani RK, Larsen LN (June 2016). "The use of hormonal agents in the treatment of acne". Seminars in ...
Prostate cancer may be treated by removing the major source of testosterone: testicle removal (orchiectomy); or agents which ... Exogenous androgen supplements can be used as a male contraceptive. Elevated androgen levels caused by use of androgen ...
Lara Marks (2010). Sexual Chemistry: A History of the Contraceptive Pill. Yale University Press. pp. 76-78. ISBN 978-0-300- ... It was widely used, but has largely been abandoned for this indication in favor of newer agents with improved safety profiles ... See also: Acne vulgaris § Hormonal agents, Seborrhoeic dermatitis § Antiandrogens, and Hirsutism § Medications ... Combined Estrogen-progestogen Contraceptives and Combined Estrogen-progestogen Menopausal Therapy. World Health Organization. ...
Raticide - an agent for killing rats. Scabicide - a chemical agent for killing scabies. Spermicide - a contraceptive agent to ... Avicide - a chemical agent that kills birds Bactericide - a chemical agent that kills bacteria. Biocide - a chemical agent that ... Pediculicide - an agent that kills head lice. Pesticide - a general term to describe an agent used to destroy or repel a pest. ... Microbicide - an agent used to kill or reduce the infectiousness of microorganisms. Muscicide - an agent that kills flies. ...
The STAR Trial: Evidence for Raloxifene as a Breast Cancer Risk Reduction Agent for Postmenopausal Women. J Natl Compr Canc ... Extended cycle(英语:Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive). *泌乳停經法 ...
... and adding a warning to the label advising women to start taking contraceptives a month before starting the drug. However use ...
... remembered for his identification of the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae in 1873 as the causative agent of leprosy.[147][148] ... and playwright best known for his contribution to the development of oral contraceptive pills. He also developed Pyribenzamine ...
The first oral contraceptive, Enovid, was approved by FDA in 1960. Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation and so prevent ... antifungal, alkalinizing agents, quinolones, antibiotics, cholinergics, anticholinergics, antispasmodics, 5-alpha reductase ... In the inter-war period, the first anti-bacterial agents such as the sulpha antibiotics were developed. The Second World War ... These were drugs that worked chiefly as anti-anxiety agents and muscle relaxants. The first benzodiazepine was Librium. Three ...
... has been studied as a potential hormonal contraceptive to prevent pregnancy in women.[80] ... Domperidone, by acting as an anti-dopaminergic agent, results in increased prolactin secretion, and thus promotes lactation ( ... gastroprokinetic agent, and galactagogue.[1][6][7] It may be administered orally or rectally, and is available in the form of ... Ung D, Parkman HP, Nagar S (October 2009). "Metabolic interactions between prokinetic agents domperidone and erythromycin: an ...
"Effects of the spin trap agent disodium- [tert-butylimino)methyl]benzene-1,3-disulfonate N-oxide (generic NXY-059) on ... oral contraceptive use. 'sticky platelet syndrome" dan sejenisnya. *Meningitis. *Cortical vein thrombosis-dehydration. ... senyawa spin trap agent seperti alpha-phenyl-N-t-butylnitrone (PBN) dan disodium- [tert-butylimino)methyl]benzene-1,3- ... clinical potential of metalloproteinase inhibitors and spin trap agents". Department of Neuroscience, University of California ...
Weisberg E (May 1999). "Interactions between oral contraceptives and antifungals/antibacterials. Is contraceptive failure the ... "General Background: Antibiotic Agents". Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics. http://www.tufts.edu/med/apua/about_issue/ ... Hassan T (March 1987). "Pharmacologic considerations for patients taking oral contraceptives". Conn Dent Stud J 7: 7-8. PMID ... agents.shtml#1. pristupljeno December 21, 2014. *↑ Rogers RS, Seehafer JR, Perry HO (February 1982). "Treatment of cicatricial ...
Other drugs and agents include diuretics, salicylates, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, nicotinic acid, ciclosporin, 2-ethylamino-1,3, ... use of combined oral contraceptive pills is significantly associated with lower serum uric acid.[27] ... 4-thiadiazole, and cytotoxic agents.[11]. The gene SLC2A9 encodes a protein that helps to transport uric acid in the kidney. ...
... for example as a side effect of administration of iodine-containing contrast agents. In some cases, excessive iodine ... Oral contraceptives (reduced prevalence in users). *Perchlorates. *Thiocyanates. *Age (for different types of iodine deficiency ... potassium iodate as dough conditioner in bread and baked goods was gradually replaced by the use of other conditioning agents[5 ...
Medications commonly associated with rebound hypertension include centrally-acting antihypertensive agents, such as clonidine[ ... such as those found in oral contraceptives with high estrogenic activity), certain antidepressants (such as venlafaxine), ...
"Search for Male Contraceptive Makes Gains". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2018.. ... Other lingerie manufacturers like Frederick's of Hollywood and Agent Provocateur also joined the competition by that time,[77] ... Several lingerie and shapewear manufacturers, among them Wonderbra, Frederick's of Hollywood, Agent Provocateur and Victoria's ... creative director of Agent Provocateur, "Now it's about the athletic body, health and wellbeing", than "about the male gaze,"[ ...
... and also as potential contraceptive agents.[10] GnRH antagonists are also used as puberty blockers in transgender youth and to ... Amory JK (March 2007). Contraceptive developments for men. Drugs Today (Barc.) 43: 179-192. ... Subcutaneously administered agents are also associated with injection-site reactions[18][20] and abarelix (neither of these ...
Certain contraceptive methods rely on sponge as a carrier of a liquid medicine. Lemon juice embedded in a sponge has been used ... The agent is a polymer with an average molecular weight of 40,000. The povidone iodine contains 10% available iodine, slowly ... Paste combines three agents - oil, water, and powder. It is an ointment in which a powder is suspended. ... Examples are deodorant, antiperspirants, astringents, and hemostatic agents. Some solids melt when they reach body temperature ...
In addition to conventional agents such as paracetamol, a low dose of the antidepressant amitriptyline or the anticonvulsant ... and hormonal contraceptives. ...
Stopping oral contraceptive pills may be recommended.[18] Some authors advise against the use of triptan medications for ... Antiplatelet agents such as aspirin, dipyridamole, or clopidogrel might help prevent strokes; however, anticoagulation may be ...
Bajgar J (2004). Organophosphates/nerve agent poisoning: mechanism of action, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment. Advances ... Oral contraceptives significantly decrease the elimination of desmethyldiazepam, a major metabolite of diazepam.[44][76] ... Agents with an effect on hepatic cytochrome P450 pathways or conjugation can alter the rate of diazepam metabolism. These ... The United States military employs a specialized diazepam preparation known as Convulsive Antidote, Nerve Agent (CANA), which ...
The use of hormonal agents in the treatment of acne»։ Semin Cutan Med Surg 35 (2): 68-73։ June 2016։ PMID 27416311։ doi: ... Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment of acne»։ Cochrane Database Syst Rev (7): CD004425։ July 2012։ PMID 22786490։ ... Use of oral contraceptives for management of acne vulgaris and hirsutism in women of reproductive and late reproductive age»։ ... 135,0 135,1 Brandt Staci (May 2013)։ «The clinical effects of zinc as a topical or oral agent on the clinical response and ...
Topical covering agents / barriers. Reduce pain. Orabase (often combined with triamcinolone).[21] ... had fewer occurrences of aphthous ulcers during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle or with use of the contraceptive pill.[ ... Topical analgesics / anesthetics / anti-inflammatory agents. Reduce pain. Benzydamine hydrochloride mouthwash or spray,[14] ... The first line therapy for aphthous stomatitis is topical agents rather than systemic medication,[6] with topical ...
... innovations in contraceptive agents: tomorrow's hormonal contraceptive agents and their clinical implications.". American ... 2011.) "Combined oral contraceptives (COCs)", Contraceptive technology, 20. izmjenjeno izdanje, str. str. 249.-341., New York: ... unspecified (2001.). "Herbal contraceptives and abortifacients", Encyclopedia of birth control, str. str. 125.-128., Santa ... Ammer, Christine (2009.). "oral contraceptive", The encyclopedia of women's health, 6. izdanje, str. str. 312.-315., New York: ...
"Health Care Law Contraceptive Rule". C-SPAN Video Library. February 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-20.. ... a leak of classified or secret information naming Central Intelligence Agency agent Valerie Plame, abuses and war crimes traced ...
See also: Sex-hormonal agent and List of sex-hormonal medications available in the United States ... Combined Estrogen-progestogen Contraceptives and Combined Estrogen-progestogen Menopausal Therapy. World Health Organization. ... cholesterol-lowering agents and aspirin for cardiovascular disease, and vaginal estrogen for local symptoms. Observational ...
Antimotility agents[edit]. Antimotility drugs such as loperamide and diphenoxylate reduce the symptoms of diarrhea by slowing ... Dehydration due to diarrhea can also alter the effectiveness of medicinal and contraceptive drugs. Adequate fluid intake (oral ... Diarrhea due to viral agents is unaffected by antibiotic therapy, but is usually self-limited.[10] Protozoans such as Giardia ... Infectious agents are the primary cause of travelers' diarrhea. Bacterial enteropathogens cause about 80% of cases. Viruses and ...
Parke-Davis (June 1961). "Introducing Norlutate...a new oral progestational agent twice as potent as Norlutin". Obstet Gynecol ... except contraceptives) to warn against their use during the first four months of pregnancy because of reports of non-genital ... except contraceptives) to warn against their use during the first four months of pregnancy because of past reports of genital ... far in excess of that associated with inadvertent contraceptive exposure during pregnancy. Genital ambiguity due to progestogen ...
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent. *Estradiol cypionate/medroxyprogesterone acetate. *Etanercept. *Ethambutol. *Ethambutol/ ...
... contraceptive economy' of a relationship, in which women have maintained responsibility of the contraceptive task up until the ... The numbing agent is forced/pushed onto and deep enough into the scrotal tissue to allow for a virtually pain-free surgery. ... "Contraceptive Use 2011". UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2012.. ... After a vasectomy, contraceptive precautions must be continued until azoospermia is confirmed. Usually two semen analyses at ...
van Vloten WA, Sigurdsson V (2004). "Selecting an oral contraceptive agent for the treatment of acne in women". Am J Clin ... This means that norethisterone could also be an effective male hormonal contraceptive. Aside from its use as a contraceptive, ... Progestogen-only injectable contraceptive NET or NETA with ethinylestradiol. Low (e.g., 0.4 mg, 0.5 mg, 0.75 mg, 1 mg, 1.5 mg) ... to be used in an oral contraceptive.[12] In 1964, additional contraceptive preparations containing norethisterone in ...
WebMD provides information about interactions between Norethindrone-Ethinyl Estradiol Oral and hormonal-contraceptive-agents- ... Hormonal Contraceptive Agents/Efavirenz; Nevirapine Interactions. This information is generalized and not intended as specific ... You should use another form of birth control in addition to your hormonal contraceptive agent while you are taking efavirenz or ... Efavirenz and nevirapine may speed up how quickly your liver processes your hormonal contraceptive agent. ...
5 Studies found for: Acth-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma , Contraceptive Agents. Also searched for Cushing disease and ...
Effect of oral contraceptive agents on nutrients: I. Minerals. Study Abstract. The epidemiological aspects of oral ... Serum iron was increased due to "Norinyl." Total iron binding capacity was increased as a result of oral contraceptive agent ... Plasma copper was increased and plasma zinc was decreased as a result of oral contraceptive agent administration. An increase ... In general, the intake of oral contraceptive agent subjects for calories, protein, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper and zinc ...
Hypertension, Oral Contraceptive Agents, and Conjugated Estrogens M. G. CRANE, M.D., F.A.C.P.; J. J. HARRIS, M.D., F.A.C.P.; ... CRANE MG, HARRIS JJ, WINSOR W. Hypertension, Oral Contraceptive Agents, and Conjugated Estrogens. Ann Intern Med. ;74:13-21. ... Oral contraceptives or NSAIDs before surgery for a fracture distal to the knee were linked to postdischarge VTE Annals of ... Oral contraceptives or NSAIDs before surgery for a fracture distal to the knee were linked to postdischarge VTE Annals of ...
Oral Contraceptives. Class Summary. Oral contraceptive agents reduce the secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle- ... oral contraceptives). This agent is more effective when used in combination with oral contraceptive pills. Due to the potential ... Acne Agents, Topical. Class Summary. Various topical over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription agents are available to treat acne ... Antiandrogen agents block androgen receptors, thereby inhibiting the effects of male sex hormones. These agents may be used to ...
Antifungal agents. Class Summary. Inhibit a variety of cytochrome P-450 enzymes, including 11beta-hydroxylase and 17-alpha- ... Oral antidiabetic agents. Class Summary. May increase glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. ... These agents inhibit aromatase activity, which causes serum estrogen levels to reduce. ...
What is Contraceptive agent? Meaning of Contraceptive agent medical term. What does Contraceptive agent mean? ... Looking for online definition of Contraceptive agent in the Medical Dictionary? Contraceptive agent explanation free. ... newest contraceptive agent for males.. Recently, a review has already been made on the synthetic contraceptive agents whereas ... redirected from Contraceptive agent). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.. Related to Contraceptive ...
It is concluded that the use of oral contraceptive steroids in chickens as anabolic agent is a specific risk to chickens and ... Feeding chickens with oral contraceptive steroids at the dose used by some poultry growers in Egypt has led to the formation of ... Il existe aujourdhui plusieurs hormones et agents de type hormonal qui peuvent améliorer le taux de croissance des animaux ... There are now several hormone and hormone-like agents that can improve the rate of growth and efficiency of feed use of farm ...
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. Efficacy of triazoles in a murine disseminated infection by Candida krusei. Abstract ... Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. Efficacy of posaconazole as treatment and prophylaxis against Fusarium solani. Abstract ... Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. Accelerated metabolism of voriconazole and its partial reversal by cimetidine. Abstract ... Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. In vitro and in vivo activities of posaconazole and amphotericin B in a murine invasive ...
Antonyms for Contraceptive agent. 2 synonyms for birth control: birth prevention, family planning. What are synonyms for ... redirected from Contraceptive agent). Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.. Related to Contraceptive agent ... Contraceptive agent synonyms, Contraceptive agent antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Contraceptive+ ... Contraceptive agent provided by ,a style=color:#000 href=https://www.freethesaurus.com/Contraceptive+agent,FreeThesaurus. ...
Anand N, Ray S. Centchroman--a post-coital contraceptive agent. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1977 Dec; 15(12): 1142- ...
ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS. DESCRIPTION. Low-Ogestrel® Tablets (norgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP, 0.3 mg/0.03 mg) ... NON-CONTRACEPTIVE HEALTH BENEFITS. The following non-contraceptive health benefits related to the use of oral contraceptives ... New acceptors of oral contraceptive agents should be started on preparations containing the lowest estrogen content that ... EFFECTIVENESS OF ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES Oral contraceptives are used to prevent pregnancy and are more effective than other non- ...
Contraceptive Agents/administration & dosage. *Contraceptive Agents/supply & distribution*. *Educational Status. *Female. * ... had no contraceptive claim. Women who used long-acting reversible contraceptive methods had 3.89 times the odds and women who ... Most women received user-dependent hormonal contraceptives as their most effective contraceptive method (55%; n = 65,103 women ... attention should be given to contraceptive counseling and access to contraceptive methods in the postpartum period. ...
Contraceptive Agents. Norelgestromin. Norgestimate, ethinyl estradiol drug combination. Contraceptives, Oral. Estradiol. ... a Transdermal Contraceptive Patch Manufactured by LOHMANN Therapie-Systeme) and CILEST (an Oral Contraceptive). The safety and ... Drug: EVRA® transdermal contraceptive patch containing 6 mg of norelgestromin and 0.60 mg of ethinyl estradiol (versus CILEST® ... presence of disorders commonly accepted as contraindications to combined oral contraceptive therapy including, but not limited ...
Contraceptive Agents, Female. Contraceptive Agents. Reproductive Control Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Contraceptives ... Contraceptives, Oral. Trace Elements. Micronutrients. Nutrients. Growth Substances. Contraceptive Agents, Male. Antineoplastic ... The Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes Trial (ECHO). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Compare contraceptive continuation rates among women randomized to DMPA, LNG and copper IUD [ Time Frame: From enrollment to 18 ...
Contraceptive Agents. Levonorgestrel. Reproductive Control Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Contraceptive Agents, Female ... Dose-finding Study for the Ultralow-dose Levonorgestrel Intrauterine Contraceptive System (LCS). The safety and scientific ... Levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive system (LCS) releasing 12 microg/24h in vitro. Drug: Levonorgestrel IUS (BAY86-5028, ... Levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive system (LCS) releasing 16 microg/24h in vitro. Drug: Levonorgestrel IUS (BAY86-5028, ...
This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of ... Contraceptive Agents Grant support * R24 HD047879/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States ... Contraceptive failure in the United States Contraception. 2011 May;83(5):397-404. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2011.01.021. ... This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of ...
The design was a nested case-control study within a cohort, using data on duration of oral contraceptive use at you … ... The possible association between breast cancer and oral contraceptive use before the age of 20 was investigated using Icelandic ... Contraceptive Agents / therapeutic use* * Contraceptives, Oral / therapeutic use* * Drug Administration Schedule * Female ... Oral contraceptive use at a young age and the risk of breast cancer: an Icelandic, population-based cohort study of the effect ...
ClinicalTrials.gov summary of Drug Interaction Study Between Dolutegravir and an Oral Contraceptive Containing Norgestimate and ... Contraceptive Agents Norgestimate Norgestimate, ethinyl estradiol drug combination Contraceptives, Oral Dolutegravir ... Ortho-cyclen is an oral contraceptive.. Experimental: Sequence AB. Subjects will take Ortho-Cyclen once a day from Day 1-21 of ... Ortho-cyclen is an oral contraceptive.. Drug: Dolutegravir. Dolutegravir is an experimental HIV drug. Other Name: GSK1349572. ...
Contraceptive Agents. LinkOut - more resources. Full Text Sources. *Elsevier Science. *ClinicalKey. Medical. *Pregnancy - ...
Initially developed as a contraceptive, it was first evaluated in breast cancer treatment in 1967. ...
New contraceptive gel contains spermicidal, anti-viral, libido-enhancing agents in one formulation Researchers from North ... UICs first-of-its-kind contraceptive receives FDA approval A first-of-its-kind contraceptive developed at the University of ... anti-viral and libido-enhancing agents in one formulation. ... State University have created a trifunctional contraceptive gel ...
Contraceptive Effectiveness. The rate of success or failure of a method of CONTRACEPTION; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or ... Surveys that measure the usage rate of CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES or CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS. ... Oral Contraceptive Pills Compared to Vaginal Rings. The purpose of this study is to determine whether teens and young women ... If you are a legal copyright holder or a designated agent for such and you believe a post on this website falls outside the ...
ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS. DESCRIPTION. Low-Ogestrel® Tablets (norgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP, 0.3 mg/0.03 mg) ... Non-Contraceptive Health Benefits. The following non-contraceptive health benefits related to the use of oral contraceptives ... Oral contraceptives non-smoker**. 0.3. 0.5. 0.9. 1.9. 13.8. 31.6. Oral contraceptives smoker**. 2.2. 3.4. 6.6. 13.5. 51.1. ... Oral contraceptives non-smoker**. 0.3. 0.5. 0.9. 1.9. 13.8. 31.6. Oral contraceptives smoker**. 2.2. 3.4. 6.6. 13.5. 51.1. ...
oral contraceptive agents. *blood transfusions or medications that have been derived from serum ...
New acceptors of oral contraceptive agents should be started on preparations containing the lowest estrogen content that ... NON-CONTRACEPTIVE HEALTH BENEFITS. The following non-contraceptive health benefits related to the use of oral contraceptives ... Oral contraceptives. non-smoker **. 0.3. 0.5. 0.9. 1.9. 13.8. 31.6. Oral contraceptives. smoker **. 2.2. 3.4. 6.6. 13.5. 51.1. ... Oral contraceptives. non-smoker **. 0.3. 0.5. 0.9. 1.9. 13.8. 31.6. Oral contraceptives. smoker **. 2.2. 3.4. 6.6. 13.5. 51.1. ...
ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS. DESCRIPTION. Brevicon® Tablets provide a continuous oral contraceptive regimen consisting of 21 blue ... Non-Contraceptive Health Benefits. The following non-contraceptive health benefits related to the use of oral contraceptives ... Oral contraceptives non-smoker **. 0.3. 0.5. 0.9. 1.9. 13.8. 31.6. Oral contraceptives smoker **. 2.2. 3.4. 6.6. 13.5. 51.1. ... Oral contraceptives non-smoker **. 0.3. 0.5. 0.9. 1.9. 13.8. 31.6. Oral contraceptives smoker **. 2.2. 3.4. 6.6. 13.5. 51.1. ...
Contraceptive vaccines can provide most, if not all, the desired characteristics of an ideal contracep ... Contraceptive Agents / immunology. Cytokines / immunology. Databases, Genetic. Embryo Implantation / drug effects, immunology* ... Contraceptive vaccines can provide most, if not all, the desired characteristics of an ideal contraceptive. This article ... 0/Antigens; 0/Chorionic Gonadotropin; 0/Contraceptive Agents; 0/Cytokines; 0/Epitopes; 0/Leukemia Inhibitory Factor; 0/ ...
  • Levonorgestrel-containing emergency hormonal contraception: advice on interactions with hepatic enzyme inducers and contraceptive efficacy. (webmd.com)
  • available at: https://www.gov.uk/drug-safety-update/levonorgestrel-containing-emergency- hormonal-contraception-advice-on-interactions-with-hepatic-enzyme-inducers -and-contraceptive-efficacy September 15, 2016. (webmd.com)
  • An oral contraceptive is preferable, but if that form of contraception is contraindicated, another type of contraception should be used. (medscape.com)
  • Table I lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception. (nih.gov)
  • Multi-center, Open, Randomized, Dose Finding Phase II Study to Investigate Ultra Low Dose Levonorgestrel Contraceptive Intrauterine Systems (LCS) Releasing Different Amounts of Levonorgestrel Compared to MIRENA in Nulliparous and Parous Women in Need of Contraception. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of contraception available in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • Table I lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception.1 The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, depends upon the reliability with which they are used. (rxlist.com)
  • Oral contraceptives are indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use this product as a method of contraception. (drugs.com)
  • Hormonal contraception is available in oral contraceptive pills and in newer formulations, including the transdermal patch, the vaginal ring, subcutaneous implants, and IM injections. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The contraceptive market consists of short-term methods such as condoms and oral contraception, long-term methods, including implants and intrauterine devices, and permanent methods such as tubal ligations and vasectomies," explained Dr. O'Rand. (endocrineweb.com)
  • To compare abstinence-only secondary-school-based pregnancy prevention programmes with abstinence-plus programmes in terms of their effects on teenage sexual behaviour, contraception knowledge, contraceptive use and pregnancy rates. (who.int)
  • METHODS: Between September and October 2001, a randomly selected sample of female undergraduate students at the University of Benin, Nigeria, were surveyed about their demographic information, sexual history and contraceptive use, and their awareness and knowledge of emergency contraception. (guttmacher.org)
  • sexually active respondents were significantly more likely than those who were not and those who had ever practiced contraception were more likely than those who had not to be aware of emergency contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
  • However, only 18% of respondents who reported knowing about emergency contraception knew the correct time frame in which emergency contraceptives must be used to be effective. (guttmacher.org)
  • Among the various forms of contraception, emergency contraceptives are the only one that can be used after sexual intercourse, offering a second chance to prevent unwanted pregnancy. (guttmacher.org)
  • Considering that contraception is a global health need, albeit for different reasons in different parts of the world, the total market for a male contraceptive could be much larger than that accounted for in the US figures alone. (google.es)
  • In the Western World, the market for contraceptives has changed relatively little over the past 50 years, with "the pill" having been developed in 1951 and remaining unparalleled as the popular choice for contraception. (google.es)
  • Advances in contraception research have only offered a few more choices, all to women, who have historically born the brunt of the responsibility, cost, and health-risk (in particular, risks of cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer associated with long-term use of hormonal-based contraceptives) of contraception. (google.es)
  • Third edition 2016 World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use - 3rd ed. 1.Contraception - methods. (rhsupplies.org)
  • Use of emergency contraception can reduce the risk of pregnancy if used up to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse or contraceptive failure and is most effective if used in the first 24 hours. (aappublications.org)
  • Indications for the use of emergency contraception include sexual assault, unprotected intercourse, condom breakage or slippage, and missed or late doses of hormonal contraceptives, including the oral contraceptive pill, contraceptive patch, contraceptive ring (ie, improper placement or loss/expulsion), and injectable contraception. (aappublications.org)
  • Emergency contraceptive medications include products labeled and dedicated for use as emergency contraception by the US Food and Drug Administration (levonorgestrel and ulipristal) and the "off-label" use of combination oral contraceptives. (aappublications.org)
  • The most commonly used method of contraception reported by teenagers who have had intercourse is the condom, followed by withdrawal and the oral contraceptive pill. (aappublications.org)
  • The blood levels of your contraceptive agent may decrease, causing breakthrough bleeding, spotting, or pregnancy. (webmd.com)
  • Pregnancy must be ruled out before oral contraceptive therapy is started. (medscape.com)
  • Contraceptive vaccines targeting factors involved in establishment of pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Human CG is a well-known pregnancy-specific protein that has undergone phase I and phase II clinical trials, in women, as a contraceptive vaccine with encouraging results. (biomedsearch.com)
  • If pregnancy is terminated in the first 12 weeks, the patient should be instructed to start oral contraceptives immediately or within 7 days. (rxlist.com)
  • Male contraceptives , also known as male birth control , are methods of preventing pregnancy that solely involve the male physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • This review aimed to compare the effectiveness of abstinence-only secondary-school-based pregnancy prevention programmes with abstinence-plus programmes that incorporate contraceptive information. (who.int)
  • Studies that assessed sexual behaviour, contraceptive behaviour and pregnancy rates were eligible for inclusion in the review. (who.int)
  • One of these also reported no significant change in age of initiation, contraceptive use or pregnancy rate. (who.int)
  • oral contraceptive a compound, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The pregnancy rate when oral contraceptives are used correctly is less than 0.2% a year. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Oral contraceptives are second after sterilization in effectiveness in avoiding pregnancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Combined oral contraceptive pills are a type of oral medication that is designed to be taken every day, at the same time of day, in order to prevent pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The potential of emergency contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancy in developed countries has been described, but in Nigeria, the awareness about the method is poor and no study has looked at efficacy. (guttmacher.org)
  • Given increasing adolescent sexual activity and decreasing age at first sex in developing countries, 2 the use of contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion is especially important. (guttmacher.org)
  • Levine AB, Teppa J, Mcgough B, Cowchock FS "Evaluation of the prethrombotic state in pregnancy and in women using oral contraceptives. (drugs.com)
  • Current contraceptives promote the principle of safety and ensured protection against unwanted pregnancy. (imedix.com)
  • Pregnancy should be excluded before therapy with oral contraceptives or androgen-blocking agents is started. (medscape.com)
  • An oral contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol and a progestin with minimal androgenic activity, such as norgestimate, norethindrone, or desogestrel, should be selected. (medscape.com)
  • Low-Ogestrel ® Tablets (norgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP, 0.3 mg/0.03 mg) provide an oral contraceptive regimen consisting of 21 white tablets followed by 7 peach tablets. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this study is to estimate exposure to the hormones norelgestromin, norgestrel, and ethinyl estradiol in healthy female volunteers across multiple commercial lots of EVRA® (a transdermal contraceptive patch manufactured by LOHMANN Therapie-Systeme), to compare these data to exposure data from one clinical lot, and to compare these data to exposure data from a commercially available oral contraceptive. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Drug: EVRA® transdermal contraceptive patch containing 6 mg of norelgestromin and 0.60 mg of ethinyl estradiol (versus CILEST® tablets). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of DTG administration on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a commonly used oral contraceptive product, Ortho-Cyclen (combination of norgestimate and ethinyl estradiol), in healthy female subjects. (nih.gov)
  • BREVICON 28-DAY Tablets provide a continuous oral contraceptive regimen consisting of 21 blue tablets containing norethindrone 0.5 mg and ethinyl estradiol 0.035 mg and 7 orange tablets containing inert ingredients. (drugs.com)
  • NORINYL 1 + 35 28-DAY Tablets provide a continuous oral contraceptive regimen consisting of 21 yellow-green tablets containing norethindrone 1 mg and ethinyl estradiol 0.035 mg and 7 orange tablets containing inert ingredients. (drugs.com)
  • Efficacy, safety and cycle control of five oral contraceptive regimens containing norgestimate and ethinyl estradiol. (springer.com)
  • Oral contraceptives containing a combination of estrogen and progestin increase sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels and thereby reduce the free testosterone level. (medscape.com)
  • Feeding chickens with oral contraceptive steroids at the dose used by some poultry growers in Egypt has led to the formation of high estrogen residues in the muscles and the liver compared with controls. (who.int)
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the formation of residues in the muscle and liver of chickens of contraceptive steroids applied orally at the same dose used by poultry growers and the resultant level of estrogen in chickens. (who.int)
  • Oral contraceptive products such as Norinyl 1 + 50, which contain 50 mcg of estrogen, should not be used unless medically indicated. (drugs.com)
  • or the progestogen-only contraceptive, without the estrogen component. (scielo.br)
  • High-dose estrogen-containing contraceptives, but not low-dose ones, have, in the past, also been associated with INS resistance and hyperinsulinemia ( 18 - 24 ) and in men, elevated E2 (often resulting from aromatase conversion of testosterone to E2) is also an independent risk factor for metabolic syndrome, as it may occur during puberty or following synthetic androgen use in body building ( 3 , 25 - 27 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The risk of myocardial infarction and strokes, including those associated with oral contraceptive use and some estrogen use, is increased in patients with hypertension. (drugs.com)
  • Clinically significant blood pressure increases have been reported during estrogen therapy, particularly in patients receiving high dosages or treated with oral contraceptive combinations having high progestational activity. (drugs.com)
  • Therapeutic class: Oral contraceptive. (nih.gov)
  • We suggest that nisin with spermicidal and antimicrobial properties could serve as a safe vaginal contraceptive for future therapeutic interventions in STIs. (bioscientifica.com)
  • The ability of these active AMPs to act as multifunctional effector molecules such as signalling molecule, immune modulators, mitogen, antitumor, and contraceptive agent makes it an interesting candidate to study every aspect of their structural and biological properties for prophylactic and therapeutic applications. (hindawi.com)
  • 3 . A device according to claim 2 wherein the therapeutic substance delivered by the device comprises a contraceptive. (google.com)
  • To elucidate the effects of the intravaginal ring, oral contraceptive pill (OCP), and spermicide plus condom on women's sexual experiences through an in-depth understanding of the physical characteris. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Despite significant research into male contraceptives, innovation has been limited, the only male contraceptive options being the condom and vasectomy," he said. (endocrineweb.com)
  • The most famous barrier contraceptive is a condom (both male and female). (imedix.com)
  • My strong suggestion, especially for young women like you, is using a barrier method, like a condom or diaphragm plus a whole applicator of contraceptive jelly or foam. (ubc.ca)
  • The combined oral contraceptive pill ( COCP ), often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as " the pill ", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oral contraceptive pill (OCP) reduces cycle-length variability and provides a consistent 28-day cycle by controlling concentrations of endogenous sex hormones. (springer.com)
  • Bennett K, White S, Crossley K. The oral contraceptive pill: a revolution for sportswomen? (springer.com)
  • We wish to emphasize that malignant, as well as benign, liver tumors can occur in users of oral contraceptives. (ebscohost.com)
  • Thorogood M "Risk of stroke in users of oral contraceptives. (drugs.com)
  • Twenty-two patients developed hypertension on oral contraceptive pills. (annals.org)
  • The animals in Group A were given contraceptive pills at the same dose used by poultry growers in Egypt (four strips of Anovlar/100 kg diet) for four weeks. (who.int)
  • The experimental birds in Group C received contraceptive pills and DMBA at the same dose levels for the same period. (who.int)
  • Knowledge and Perceptions of Emergency Contraceptive Pills Among a College-Age Population: A Qualitative Approach. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether teens and young women would prefer the Nuvaring to oral contraceptive pills after having tried both methods. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The questionnaire, which had been pretested among 50 nonparticipants, asked women about their demographic information, sexual history and contraceptive use, and their awareness and knowledge of emergency contraceptive pills. (guttmacher.org)
  • 1 The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, depends upon the reliability with which they are used. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the contraceptive efficacy of the ENG-E2 vaginal ring in women between 18 and 35 years of age based on the number of in-treatment pregnancies as expr. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Rosenberg MJ, Meyers A, Roy V. Efficacy, cycle control, and side effects of low- and lower-dose oral contraceptives: a randomized trial of 20pg and 35pg oestrogen preparations. (springer.com)
  • The use of oral contraceptives is associated with increased risks of several serious conditions including myocardial infarction, thromboembolism, stroke, hepatic neoplasia, and gallbladder disease, although the risk of serious morbidity or mortality is very small in healthy women without underlying risk factors. (nih.gov)
  • Thorneycroft IH "Oral contraceptives and myocardial infarction. (drugs.com)
  • Do progestogen-only contraceptives (POCs) increase the risk for myocardial infarction (MI)? (acc.org)
  • Several multipurpose vaginal rings are also in development, containing sustained-release formulations of contraceptive agents such as levonorgesterel in combination with an anti-infective agent such as tenofovir, or combining anti-infective agents to prevent both HIV and other STIs. (freethesaurus.com)
  • A Qualitative Systematic Review of Women's Experiences Using Contraceptive Vaginal Rings: Implications for New Technologies. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Women 's Experiences Using Contraceptive Vaginal Rings: Implications for New Technologies. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The investigators propose to explore the hypothesis-supported by limited data-that a contraceptive vaginal ring (CVR) that is commonly used in the United States, the NuvaRing, will enh. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Ethinylestradiol + etonogestrel contraceptive vaginal ring: new drug. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hormonal contraceptives are available in various dosage forms and for different routes of administration (oral, intramuscular, vaginal, transdermal, subdermal implants and associated with the intrauterine system). (scielo.br)
  • At different times and in different countries, contraceptives were banned by the authorities or by the church, therefore devices such as a vaginal syringe or vaginal douche, which were used to cleanse the internal female organs, periodically appeared on sale. (imedix.com)
  • Decreased maximal aerobic capacity with use of a triphasic oral contraceptive in highly active women: a randomised controlled trial. (springer.com)
  • Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use. (who.int)
  • Summary of changes within the Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, third edition 26 7. (rhsupplies.org)
  • Researchers from North Carolina State University have created a trifunctional contraceptive gel that contains spermicidal, anti-viral and libido-enhancing agents in one formulation. (news-medical.net)
  • 6 . A device according to claim 5 wherein the spermicidal agent is selected from the group consisting of: nonoxynol-9, octoxynol-9, menfegol, benzalkonium chloride and N-docasanol. (google.com)
  • Double-blind, randonuzed study comparing the effects of two monophasic oral contraceptives containing etlunylestradiol (20μg or 30μg) and levonorgestrel (100μg or 150μg) of lipoprotein metabolism. (springer.com)
  • Bone mass and long-term monophasic oral contraceptive treatment in young women. (ubc.ca)
  • Because efavirenz stays in your body a long time, you should continue to use another form of birth control with your hormonal contraceptive for 12 weeks after you stop taking efavirenz.Emergency contraceptives may be less effective also. (webmd.com)
  • In addition, we evaluate factors that influence knowledge and perceptions to enable the development of strategies that will improve use of emergency contraceptives by Nigerian youth. (guttmacher.org)
  • Women were asked when emergency contraceptives must be used to be effective, which drugs (from a list of eight) can be used as emergency contraceptives and the sources where they obtain their information on emergency contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
  • However, most abstinence-plus programmes increased rates of contraceptive use. (who.int)
  • 3 Studies from western and southern Nigeria have found rates of contraceptive use among sexually active adolescents of about 30%, 4 considerably lower than the rates reported for developed countries. (guttmacher.org)
  • To achieve optimal birth spacing and ultimately to improve birth outcomes, attention should be given to contraceptive counseling and access to contraceptive methods in the postpartum period. (nih.gov)
  • Interpregnancy intervals: impact of postpartum contraceptive effectiveness and coverage. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the use of contraceptive methods, which was defined by effectiveness, length of coverage, and their association with short interpregnancy intervals, when controlling for provider type and client demographics. (nih.gov)
  • To achieve maximum contraceptive effectiveness, oral contraceptives must be taken exactly as directed and at intervals not exceeding 24 hours. (rxlist.com)
  • Efavirenz and nevirapine may speed up how quickly your liver processes your hormonal contraceptive agent. (webmd.com)
  • You should use another form of birth control in addition to your hormonal contraceptive agent while you are taking efavirenz or nevirapine. (webmd.com)
  • Hormonal contraceptive use should be avoided in women at risk for blood clots, by heavy smokers, and in women with breast or other cancers. (biomedsearch.com)
  • ACOG recommends use of combination low-dose hormonal contraceptive agents for long-term management of menstrual dysfunction. (medscape.com)
  • The investigators goal is to measure the impact of timing of postpartum contraceptive implant insertion on breastfeeding success and duration and to explore women's experiences with and at. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Oral contraceptive treatment inhibits the normal acquisition of bone mineral in skeletally immature young adult female monkeys. (ubc.ca)
  • The contraceptive not only inhibits ovarian androgen production but also increases sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) production. (medscape.com)
  • Contraceptives are agents or devices to prevent conception, such as barriers, spermicides, hormonal compounds, and intrauterine devices. (cdc.gov)
  • Uniqueness of oral contraceptive progestins. (springer.com)
  • Androgenic progestins in oral contraceptives and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. (springer.com)
  • Norgestrel is a totally synthetic progestogen, insoluble in water, freely soluble in chloroform, sparingly soluble in alcohol with the chemical name (±)-13-Ethyl-17-hydroxy-18,19-dinor-17α-pregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one. (nih.gov)
  • Norris LA, Bonnar J "The effect of oestrogen dose and progestogen type on haemostatic changes in women taking low dose oral contraceptives. (drugs.com)
  • The epidemiological aspects of oral contraceptive agents on nutrient metabolism were studied in a large population of women. (wellnessresources.com)
  • The administration of an oral contraceptive agent should be considered as part of a program of prevention for women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations who have not had ovarian cancer," Dr. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Women who use oral contraceptives should be strongly advised not to smoke. (nih.gov)
  • n = 39,090 women) had no contraceptive claim. (nih.gov)
  • The possible association between breast cancer and oral contraceptive use before the age of 20 was investigated using Icelandic population-based information from women born after 1944. (nih.gov)
  • DTG will likely be used in women on oral contraceptives (OC) for birth control. (nih.gov)
  • Impact of menstrual blood representations on contraceptive choice of women. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To study the psychic self-representations and experiences of menstrual blood in women and their impact on the choice of a contraceptive method, with or without amenorrhea Methods. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Due to the normally increased risk of thromboembolism occurring postpartum , women should be instructed not to initiate treatment with oral contraceptives earlier than 4-6 weeks after a full-term delivery. (rxlist.com)
  • Antiepileptic drugs and hormonal contraceptives in adolescent women with epilepsy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These issues indicate an unmet need for improved birth control options for women, the primary consumers of contraceptive products. (endocrineweb.com)
  • Most oral contraceptives must be taken by women. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Risk attributable to oral contraceptives is very small among non-smokers but there are certain categories, notably women with thrombophilia from genetic mutations, in which the risk is slightly increased. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The purpose of this review is to discuss the main effects of sex steroids on risk factors for cardiovascular disease and expose available scientific evidence for prescribing hormonal contraceptives to women with arterial and venous thrombosis and systemic high blood pressure. (scielo.br)
  • [8] As of 2012, 16% of U.S. women aged 15-44 reported being on the birth control pill, making it the most widely used contraceptive method among women of that age range. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is now estimated that the prevalence of oral contraceptive use in athletic women matches that of women in the general population. (springer.com)
  • Discusses the prevalence of benign liver tumor among women, associated with the use of oral contraceptives. (ebscohost.com)
  • Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver and intrahepatic hemorrhage in young women on oral contraceptives. (ebscohost.com)
  • Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver may occur with increased frequency in young women who have been taking oral contraceptives. (ebscohost.com)
  • We report two cases of hepatocellular carcinoma occurring in young women who had no prior history of liver disease and who had taken oral contraceptive drugs. (ebscohost.com)
  • Oral contraceptive use may reduce central adaptations to sprint interval training in women without influencing improvements in exercise performance - potentially due to greater peripheral adaptation. (frontiersin.org)
  • intake protects women consuming oral contraceptives from spine and hip bone loss. (ubc.ca)
  • 2. Is it true that women who use oral contraceptives have higher iron stores? (ideafit.com)
  • as a result, iron stores are significantly higher in these women than in those who don't use oral contraceptives (Frassinelli-Gunderson, Margen & Brown 1985). (ideafit.com)
  • This is particularly advisable prior to initiation of oral contraceptive agents. (health.am)
  • Though significantly more cost-effective and a spontaneous solution compared to vasectomy, 18% of condoms (per couple over 1 year of use) fail, and only 8% of contraceptive users choose barrier methods. (endocrineweb.com)
  • 5. The spermicidally treated contraceptive device of claim 1 , wherein said contraceptive barrier device is a member selected from the group consisting of diaphragms, contraceptive sponges and condoms. (google.es)
  • So, when you are in the detox and pre-conception phases, it is important to use condoms as a barrier contraceptive to isolate the sperm. (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • Nearly 80% of pregnancies in adolescents are unintended 12 and result from contraceptive failure or nonuse. (aappublications.org)
  • In Nigeria, however, contraceptive use among adolescents is low. (guttmacher.org)
  • 5 As is the case in Kenya, 6 the low levels of contraceptive use among adolescents in Nigeria may reflect inadequate contraceptive knowledge and access, as well as the spontaneity of adolescent sexual activities. (guttmacher.org)
  • a contraceptive barrier device. (google.es)
  • Official contraceptive drugs of three types are justified and approved by official medicine: physiological, barrier, and medication. (imedix.com)
  • Lebrun CM. Effects of the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives on sports performance. (springer.com)
  • Measuring performance during the menstrual cycle: a model using oral contraceptives. (springer.com)
  • 18 However, this finding does not exclude the possibility that disorders of sperm function might occur when spermatogenesis is suppressed further to very severe oligozoospermia (below 1 million/mL), commonly observed in hormonal male contraceptive clinical trials. (brinkzone.com)
  • However, the use of oral contraceptives may be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and metabolic abnormalities. (medscape.com)
  • It is concluded that the use of oral contraceptive steroids in chickens as anabolic agent is a specific risk to chickens and probably to the consumer. (who.int)
  • 3) Contraceptive agents have not been involved in the pathogenesis but they are associated with an increased risk of complications for patients with FNH. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious cardiovascular side effects from oral contraceptive use. (nih.gov)
  • Ancillary studies will assess biological mechanisms at the interface of contraceptives and markers of HIV risk. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Several epidemiological studies have shown a clear association between the use of combined oral contraceptives (COC) and an increased risk of venous and arterial thrombosis 3-5 . (scielo.br)
  • Martinelli I, Rosendaal FR, Vandenbroucke JP, Mannucci PM "Oral contraceptives are a risk factor for cerebral vein thrombosis. (drugs.com)
  • Derman RJ "Oral contraceptives and cardiovascular risk. (drugs.com)
  • Additionally, patients with HIV are at a greater risk of the effects of polypharmacy, and the effects of multiple drugs on the pharmacokinetic pathways or pharmacodynamic effects of a single agent are not well documented. (hivguidelines.org)
  • Whathis the copayment for generic, preferred, and agents that increase the risk for fetus or newborn, and immunocompro mised patient. (roanokechowan.edu)
  • According to the PHS, the risk of infection must be weighed against the potential toxicity of the agents used in HIV postexposure prophylaxis. (aafp.org)
  • The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) invites applications from investigators interested in participating with NICHD in an ongoing multicenter cooperative research program termed the Contraceptive Development Research Centers Program. (nih.gov)
  • An overview of oral contraceptives: mechanism of action and clinical use. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hoshiai H, Uehara 5, Nagaike F, Momono K, Mon R, Suzuki M, Lin YC (1981) Mechanism of action of gossypol as a male contraceptive agent in rats I. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Mechanism of action of chemical agents contained in oral contraceptives. (ebscohost.com)
  • The average plasma renin activity, the renin substrate, and the aldosterone excretion rate were moderately elevated in the patients who were studied while on the oral contraceptives. (annals.org)
  • The case suggested that GnRH-a should be used with caution in adenomyosis patients who had recently used oral contraceptive agents or other estrogenic drugs, chronic severe anemia, or high CA125. (freethesaurus.com)
  • We explored the effect of contraceptive method provision on the odds of having an optimal interpregnancy interval and controlled for covariates. (nih.gov)
  • Depending on method (calender, ovulation symptothermal, post-ovulation) Adapted from Hatcher RA et al, Contraceptive Technology: 17 th Revised Edition. (rxlist.com)
  • Two forms of combined oral contraceptives are on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines , the most important medications needed in a basic health system . (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinicians should consult an experienced HIV care provider for assistance in managing drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral (ARV) agents and less common medications. (hivguidelines.org)
  • At the same time, both the medications and HIV itself may alter the physiologic processes of the liver, kidney, brain, gastrointestinal system, or other organ systems, which may affect absorption, distribution, metabolism, or elimination of pharmacologically active agents. (hivguidelines.org)
  • [25] However, the compound isolated from Gossypium , as well as other cotton seeds and okra ( gossypol ) has been abandoned for contraceptive use because it was found to cause permanent infertility in ten to twenty percent of users. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lishko is improving understanding of mammalian fertilization and opening up new avenues in treatment for human infertility and in the development of male-specific or unisex contraceptives. (macfound.org)
  • Tertiary objectives are to evaluate: 1) whether age modifies the relationship between the three contraceptive methods and HIV acquisition, 2) whether HSV-2 status modifies the relationship between the three contraceptive methods and HIV acquisition, and 3) early HIV disease progression among sero-converters randomized to DMPA, LNG implant, and copper IUDs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • First-line medical therapy usually consists of an oral contraceptive to induce regular menses. (medscape.com)
  • Medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use. (who.int)