Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Mestranol: The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Norgestrel: A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Contraceptives, Oral, Combined: Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.Norethindrone: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.Ethynodiol Diacetate: A synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.Spermatogenesis-Blocking Agents: Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.Ethinyl Estradiol: A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Lynestrenol: A synthetic progestational hormone used often in mixtures with estrogens as an oral contraceptive.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination: ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).XanthurenatesContraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Spermatocidal Agents: Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.Contraceptive Agents, Male: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Pyridoxine: The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Contraceptive Devices, Female: Contraceptive devices used by females.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Riboflavin: Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Desogestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.Levonorgestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.Contraceptives, Postcoital: Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Vaccines, Contraceptive: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Medroxyprogesterone Acetate: A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Intrauterine Devices, Copper: Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.Norethynodrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions and uses similar to those of PROGESTERONE. It has been used in the treatment of functional uterine bleeding and endometriosis. As a contraceptive, it has usually been administered in combination with MESTRANOL.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Contraception, Immunologic: Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.Norpregnenes: Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Contraceptives, Oral, Sequential: Drugs administered orally and sequentially for contraceptive purposes.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Sterilization, Tubal: Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.Androstenes: Unsaturated derivatives of the steroid androstane containing at least one double bond at any site in any of the rings.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.Progesterone Congeners: Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Intrauterine Devices, Medicated: Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Contraceptive Devices, Male: Contraceptive devices used by males.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Megestrol: 17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregna-3,6-diene-3,20-dione. A progestational hormone used most commonly as the acetate ester. As the acetate, it is more potent than progesterone both as a progestagen and as an ovulation inhibitor. It has also been used in the palliative treatment of breast cancer.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Drug Implants: Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Ovulation Inhibition: Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.Medroxyprogesterone: (6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Condoms: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Norpregnadienes: Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.Transdermal Patch: A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.Ethisterone: 17 alpha-Hydroxypregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one. A synthetic steroid hormone with progestational effects.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Estradiol Congeners: Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.Metrorrhagia: Abnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to MENSTRUATION, usually in females without regular MENSTRUAL CYCLE. The irregular and unpredictable bleeding usually comes from a dysfunctional ENDOMETRIUM.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Nonoxynol: Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.Coitus: The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.

Pregnancies averted among U.S. teenagers by the use of contraceptives. (1/208)

CONTEXT: The personal and social costs associated with teenage pregnancy in the United States concern many policymakers and researchers, yet the role of contraception in preventing these pregnancies has not been adequately quantified. METHODS: Published estimates of contraceptive effectiveness were applied to 1995 National Survey of Family Growth data on sexual and contraceptive practices in order to estimate the number of pregnancies averted through the use of contraceptives by U.S. teenagers. Four scenarios of contraceptives access--from current levels of access to highly restricted access--and teenagers' sexual and contraceptive practices in response to such restrictions are used to project the potential impact on pregnancies among teenagers. RESULTS: Current levels of contraceptive use averted an estimated 1.65 million pregnancies among 15-19-year-old women in the United States during 1995. If these young women had been denied access to both prescription and over-the-counter contraceptive methods, an estimated one million additional pregnancies (ranging from 750,000 to 1.25 million) would have occurred, assuming some decrease in sexual activity. These pregnancies would have led to 480,000 live births, 390,000 abortions, 120,000 miscarriages, 10,000 ectopic pregnancies and 37 maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use by teenage women prevents pregnancies and negative pregnancy-related health consequences that can disrupt the lives of adolescent women and that have substantial societal costs. Continued and expanded access to contraceptives for adolescents is a critically important public health strategy.  (+info)

Use of long-acting depot progestogen in domililiary family planning. (2/208)

Medroxyprogesterone acetate injections have been used as a long-term contraceptive by the domiciliary family planning service in Glasgow. The injections were particularly useful in women with a high risk of becoming pregnant and in whom oral or intrauterine contraception had failed or was unacceptable. The optimum dose was 200 mg every 15-16 weeks. It was accepted by an increasing proportion of women, only 12 out of 162 discontinuing because of side effects. Continuation rates compared favourably with those for the pill, but less well than those for intrauterine contraceptive devices. The theoretical hazards should be weighed against the positive good resulting from controlled fertility in domiciliary patients.  (+info)

Synergistic role of nitric oxide and progesterone during the establishment of pregnancy in the rat. (3/208)

Successful pregnancy is strictly dependent on the trophoblast-decidual interaction and on an adequate blood supply to the implantation sites. Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to play an important role during advanced gestation, although its role during early pregnancy is unclear. The aim of the present study in rats was to evaluate whether NO plays a role during the preimplantation [days 1-4 post coitum (p.c.)] and peri-implantation (days 6-8 p.c.) phases of pregnancy. The rats were treated with the non-specific nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), and the iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine in the presence and absence of low-dose antiprogestin, onapristone, and evaluated on days 9 p.c. and 19 p.c., respectively. Before implantation, the treatments alone (L-NAME, aminoguanidine, onapristone) had little effect on pregnancy outcome. Conversely, aminoguanidine plus onapristone treatment completely prevented pregnancy, whereas L-NAME plus onapristone reduced the pregnancy rate to approximately 50%. In addition, both treatments drastically reduced decidualization. Oviductal flushing experiments revealed arrest of embryo development at around the 8-cell stage after aminoguanidine plus onapristone treatment on days 1-4 p.c. Similarly, treatment during the peri-implantation period with L-NAME, aminoguanidine, and onapristone each had only marginal effects on pregnancy. However, a combination of L-NAME and onapristone, and aminoguanidine plus onapristone prevented pregnancy in 71% and 42% of dams, respectively, as determined on day 19 p.c. These treatments also markedly inhibited the decidualization process. This study demonstrates synergistic effects of NOS inhibitors and an antiprogestin in preventing pregnancy. NOS, particularly the cytokine- and progesterone-inducible iNOS, may represent a new target for novel therapeutic agents capable of promoting or inhibiting pregnancy.  (+info)

Contraceptive failure rates: new estimates from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. (4/208)

CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health concern in the United States. Information on pregnancy rates among contraceptive users is needed to guide medical professionals' recommendations and individuals' choices of contraceptive methods. METHODS: Data were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the 1994-1995 Abortion Patient Survey (APS). Hazards models were used to estimate method-specific contraceptive failure rates during the first six months and during the first year of contraceptive use for all U.S. women. In addition, rates were corrected to take into account the underreporting of induced abortion in the NSFG. Corrected 12-month failure rates were also estimated for subgroups of women by age, union status, poverty level, race or ethnicity, and religion. RESULTS: When contraceptive methods are ranked by effectiveness over the first 12 months of use (corrected for abortion underreporting), the implant and injectables have the lowest failure rates (2-3%), followed by the pill (8%), the diaphragm and the cervical cap (12%), the male condom (14%), periodic abstinence (21%), withdrawal (24%) and spermicides (26%). In general, failure rates are highest among cohabiting and other unmarried women, among those with an annual family income below 200% of the federal poverty level, among black and Hispanic women, among adolescents and among women in their 20s. For example, adolescent women who are not married but are cohabiting experience a failure rate of about 31% in the first year of contraceptive use, while the 12-month failure rate among married women aged 30 and older is only 7%. Black women have a contraceptive failure rate of about 19%, and this rate does not vary by family income; in contrast, overall 12-month rates are lower among Hispanic women (15%) and white women (10%), but vary by income, with poorer women having substantially greater failure rates than more affluent women. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of contraceptive failure vary widely by method, as well as by personal and background characteristics. Income's strong influence on contraceptive failure suggests that access barriers and the general disadvantage associated with poverty seriously impede effective contraceptive practice in the United States.  (+info)

Contraceptive failure, method-related discontinuation and resumption of use: results from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. (5/208)

CONTEXT: Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Of these, half occur to women who were practicing contraception in the month they conceived, and others occur when couples stop use because they find their method difficult or inconvenient to use. METHODS: Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth were used to compute life-table probabilities of contraceptive failure for reversible methods of contraception, discontinuation of use for a method-related reason and resumption of contraceptive use. RESULTS: Within one year of starting to use a reversible method of contraception, 9% of women experience a contraceptive failure--7% of those using the pill, 9% of those relying on the male condom and 19% of those practicing withdrawal. During a lifetime of use of reversible methods, the typical woman will experience 1.8 contraceptive failures. Overall, 31% of women discontinue use of a reversible contraceptive for a method-related reason within six months of starting use, and 44% do so within 12 months; however, 68% resume use of a method within one month and 76% do so within three months. Multivariate analyses show that the risk of contraceptive failure is elevated among low-income women and Hispanic women. Low-income women are also less likely than other women to resume contraceptive use after discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: The risks of pregnancy during typical use of reversible methods of contraception are considerably higher than risks of failure during clinical trials, reflecting imperfect use of these methods rather than lack of inherent efficacy. High rates of method-related discontinuation probably reflect dissatisfaction with available methods.  (+info)

Serum sialic acid in a random sample of the general population. (6/208)

BACKGROUND: The serum sialic acid (SA) concentration has been reported to be a potentially useful but nonspecific disease marker. We wanted to study which factors influence SA concentration in a well-characterized healthy population. METHODS: SA was determined in 97 women and 96 men with a colorimetric Warren method. RESULTS: The mean +/- SD concentrations of SA were 634 +/- 109 (95% confidence interval, 612-656) and 630 +/- 106 (95% confidence interval, 608-651) mg/L for women and men, respectively. The serum SA showed a significant positive association with body mass index and with systolic and diastolic blood pressure among both women and men. SA also correlated significantly with the use of contraceptive pills and age among women and with smoking among men. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that SA does not increase with age in men but appears to increase with female menopause. The strong positive association with blood pressure may explain why SA predicts cardiovascular mortality.  (+info)

Safety and efficacy of fertility-regulating methods: a decade of research. (7/208)

An international venture was launched in 1985 to fill a recognized gap in post-marketing surveillance of fertility-regulating methods. For this purpose a new task force was set up by the Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, which is cosponsored by the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund, the World Bank, and WHO. Research priorities were chosen and epidemiological studies inaugurated, involving a total of 47 countries--mostly from the developing world. Important progress has been made, especially in helping to define the beneficial and possible adverse effects of oral contraceptives on the risk of neoplasia; in showing that the injectable contraceptive depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate protects against endometrial cancer and does not increase the overall risk of breast cancer, in clarifying which groups of women are susceptible to the rare cardiovascular complications of oral contraceptives (myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thromboembolism); and in establishing the long-term effectiveness and safety of intrauterine devices. The research has already made a significant impact on family planning policies and practice. Critical appraisal of this venture, which has been modestly funded, confirms the value of mission-oriented research. It also illustrates the potential of collaboration that bridges the global divide between developing and developed countries.  (+info)

Dynamics of contraceptive use in a rural community of Haryana. (8/208)

A cross-sectional survey was carried out to study the dynamics of contraceptive use in three villages of Raipur Rani block in district Panchkula, Haryana. A female social worker interviewed 600 ever-married women aged 15-44 years using a semi-structured interview schedule. More than 75% of the respondents were aware about modern contraceptives. Fifty-nine percent of the couples had used contraceptives. Among the 351 ever-users, the first contraceptive method used was sterilization in 41.3%, condom in 35.6%, IUD in 17.9%, and oral pills in 5.1%. Subsequently, many of them either discontinued or shifted to other methods. At the time of survey, 236 (39.3%) were using a contraceptive. Most of the current users (225) had opted for tubectomy, and only a few (4) had accepted vasectomy. Supplies of contraceptives were obtained mainly from government hospitals and sub-health centres. Common reasons for discontinuation were perceived untoward effects (37.1%), desire for more children (32.6%), and failure of the contraceptive method (19.0%). Most of the respondents obtained contraceptives from Government health posts. Counselling and follow-up services should should be strengthened so that contraceptives are used regularly and effectively for longer periods.  (+info)

In the developing world, 74 million unintended pregnancies occur annually, of which a sizable share, 30%, are due to contraceptive failure among women using some type of contraceptive method. Detailed information on contraceptive failure rates is critical to inform improvements in provision of contraceptive information, supplies and services, which can help women and couples to use methods correctly and consistently. We undertook a study to update contraceptive failure rates and provide a more comprehensive global picture. We provide new estimates of contraceptive failure in 43 counties across seven subregions using recent data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS ...
This is quite an understatement of the importance of medical oversight. Chronic conditions, especially those like diabetes mellitus and asthma, require follow up and guidance from their physicians. Having diabetes is quite a bit more complicated than mere numbers and glucometer checks. Diabetes education, foot checks, eye exams and hemoglobin A1C are just a few of the regular checks that your physician performs. Additionally, with asthma, the disease can change and require a change of medications. It is also important patients receive education and guidance to avoid exacerbations and trigger events. Yeah, they still need to see their doctor ...
September 2017: Report Successful family planning programs listen to the different needs of clients and respond with strategies that expand informed, voluntary contraceptive choice: offering a range of affordable contraceptive methods; providing client-centered, comprehensive counseling; employing a variety of service delivery approaches; and ensuring continuous supplies of contraceptive commodities. Expanding individuals contraceptive choices supports increased and continuous contraceptive use, enabling more women and couples to realize their ambitions for themselves and their families and helping communities and nations achieve their development goals. This web feature and accompanying brief explore the rationale for expanding contraceptive choice. ...
September 2017: Report Successful family planning programs listen to the different needs of clients and respond with strategies that expand informed, voluntary contraceptive choice: offering a range of affordable contraceptive methods; providing client-centered, comprehensive counseling; employing a variety of service delivery approaches; and ensuring continuous supplies of contraceptive commodities. Expanding individuals contraceptive choices supports increased and continuous contraceptive use, enabling more women and couples to realize their ambitions for themselves and their families and helping communities and nations achieve their development goals. This web feature and accompanying brief explore the rationale for expanding contraceptive choice. ...
... was last measured at 34.50 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) in Haiti.
Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) in Mali.
The aim of the study was to investigate the determinants of use of modern contraceptive among married women in Ethiopia. Our study is based on the data taken from a nationally representative survey EDHS of 2011. The sample includes 9,438 married women aged 15-49 years. Cross tabulations were carried out at the bivariate level to assess the association between contraceptive use and each of the explanatory variables and binary multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing modem contraceptive use among married women in Ethiopia. The bivariate analysis reveals statistically significant association between all explanatory variables i.e age of woman, region, religion, place of residence, education level of woman, number of living children, desire for more children, wealth status, and decision maker for modern contraception, educational level of husband, modern contraceptive knowledge and exposure to media. Results for binary multiple logistic regression analysis reveals
Background: Unwanted pregnancy and HIV infection are issues of significant concern to young people. Limited data exists on contraceptive decision-making and practices among HIV-infected and HIV-negative young people in low resource settings with generalized HIV epidemics. Methods: From July 2007 until April 2009, we recruited, and followed up over a one year period, a cohort of 501 HIV-negative and 276 HIV-infected young women and men aged 15-24 years residing in Kampala and Wakiso districts. We compared contraceptive use among HIV-infected and HIV-negative young people and assessed factors associated with contraceptive decision-making and use, using multivariate logistic regression modelling to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Contraceptive use among sexually active HIV-infected young people was 34% while it was 59% among the HIV-negative group. The condom was the most frequently used method of contraception. Only 24% of the HIV-infected used condoms ...
Despite progress in recent years, girls and women remain disadvantaged relative to boys in many parts of the world, with multiple negative potential implications. At the heart of gender inequality are social norms and attitudes about gender that give rise to and perpetuate discriminatory institutions, and ultimately inhibit institutional and behavioral change. Despite this, little is understood about the how gender norms and attitudes evolve and adapt. One important question is why is gender inequality acute and persistent in particular societies but not others? A related question is how readily do gender attitudes evolve when women are given more opportunities to advance and thereby influence perceptions about womens relative ability? This project will contribute to our understanding of both questions by collecting new and unique data that will be used to investigate how gender attitudes respond to improvements in girls schooling and a narrowing of the gender gap in cognitive ability that ...
The 1982 Barbados Male Family Planning Survey used a two-stage sample design, representative of males ages 15 to 49. The sample of males is not self-weighting but was weighted based on the number of eligible males in a household. A total of 1,301 interviews were successfully completed.. A similar survey was conducted in 1980-1981 that covered only females ages 15 to 49.. ...
An easy-to-use gel applied daily to the skin shows promise as a reversible contraceptive for men, researchers reported Tuesday at the Endocrine Society Annual Meeting in Houston.
Contraceptive injections moderately increase a womans risk of becoming infected with HIV, a large scientific analysis has found. The research in a leading medical journal will further fuel a controversy that has been raging for more than two decades. The implications of a possible link between hormonal injections and the virus alarm both HIV and birth control campaigners…" (Boseley, 1/8).. TIME: This Contraceptive Is Linked to a Higher Risk of ...
Significant proportions of U.S. women switch contraceptive methods. Indeed, when all method-related reasons for stopping use are considered, two-year discontinuation rates are as high as 90% for some methods; rates are particularly high among unmarried women.1 As a result, the rate of method switching is the primary determinant of the prevalence of use of specific contraceptives.
How effective are the various methods? Some contraceptive methods are more effective in preventing pregnancy than others, while only condoms offer any protection against sexually transmitted infections. The following figures will give you some idea of which kinds of contraception are the most efficient at protecting you against pregnancy.
The contraceptive injection is a contraceptive method as opposed to the pill, patch or ring, with each shot lasting up to 8, 12 or 13 weeks long. Find out more
Young girls are now starring in mainstream action films and TV shows, filling the roles of star characters and heroes traditionally occupied by boys.
The Morning-After Pill also called emergency contraception is an oral hormonal birth control that is used after unprotected intercourse or suspected contraceptive failure. Its often referred to by the brand name Plan B One-Step. It is not intended for routine use as a contraceptive ...
As the United States celebrates Black History Month, one enduring challenge we face as a nation is the persistent health disparities between black and white Americans. The area of sexual and reproductive health, in particular, is riddled with inequities, including differences in contraceptive failure rates, unintended pregnancy and abortion among teen and adult women, and rates of infection with HIV and other STIs among both men and women. While much progress has been made, our efforts and attention need to be directed toward equalizing health outcomes for all Americans.
And then right in the middle of everything she finds out that she is pregnant. Her life is not a leisurely one with time to start studying biology and childcare and her own psychology and the big questions like how can this pregnancy be framed as a positive thing, rather than a contraceptive failure and a huge incoming expense? She had a job. A family. Travel plans. So whatever research she did not probably include a few salient facts: It is advised that you get a doctors clearance before you fly in the third trimester. (They look at the cervix. If the cervix is tight and thick and solid you are good to go. Lots of women fly in the third trimester.) Very possibly she spent umpteen hours trying to figure out where she should go at the end or middle of May to give birth in her home town, and how she could get her medical benefits through the military etc. And she may have been googling things like how to hold a baby and the pros and cons of breastfeeding. Its not like a single one page of ...
Expanding contraceptive choices offers the potential to put power into womens hands said the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in reaction to the Sayana Press announcement by Pfizer BD, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and CIFF today. IPPF ...
As all those T.V. parents say: "This isnt an argument, its a discussion!" I understand your point, and I feel that were on opposite sides of the fence. I simply dont believe that weve evolved past the point of our primal urges enough (or at all) to make the link between procreation and sex appeal any less relevant. As Nyokki pointed out, guys in our society arent normally after girls to consciously get them pregnant. I daresay they normally avoid it with the contraceptive methods you mentioned. If they care enough to do so. The urge to "hook up" is strong enough to explain 99% of the stupid crap we do as guys. In my mind, it all relates back to animalistic hierarchy and mating. Were not as evolved as we like to think we are. Every time a guy gets hurt trying to look cool, its all about trying to assert his place in the pack. Every time he ends up looking like a dork in front of a girl, its a misguided attempt at "clubbing her over the head." Metaphorically speaking of course. In my ...
1 Answer - Posted in: lupron, lupron depot, lupron depot 3.75 mg - Answer: Lupron Depot 3.75mg works for 1 month, as it needs to be administered ...
Although CBD of injectable contraceptives is no longer a novel idea in sub-Saharan Africa, the process of translating community-based health care policies into effective programs is not always straightforward. For example, policy makers in Mozambique were supportive of CBD, but there was limited country-specific experience and no country-level data to support the policy. Consequently, this study generated evidence to support CBD of DMPA in northern Mozambique and found that provision of injectable contraceptives by APEs and TBAs was feasible, safe, effective, and acceptable among women. Very few morbidities at the injection site and no deaths were reported. The study demonstrated that APEs and TBAs can improve contraceptive access and use in rural Mozambican communities; in fact, the majority of women in the study started using contraception for the first time during the study period, and satisfaction with community-based providers was high and improved over the entire study ...
The transmembrane migration method has permitted quantification of the effect of drugs on human sperm motility. Calcium ionophores and calcium antagonists have paradoxical effects on motility depending on the stage of sperm maturity. Drugs with membrane stabilizing properties inhibit sperm motility. Propranolol, for example, has been shown to have contraceptive activity when administered intra-vaginally. Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that the systemic availability of vaginally administered propranolol is markedly greater than after oral administration. Seminal fluid concentrations of propranolol after oral administration are similar to those in plasma, but cervicovaginal mucus concentrations are much higher, and residence times much longer. The clinical consequences of these observations await elucidation.. ...
|div id=teaser class=fragment teaser ||div class=p|Everything NICE has said on contraceptive services for under 25s in an interactive flowchart|/div||/div|
TITLE: Ortho Options Vaginal Contraceptive Gel, Prefilled Applicators - 6ea Ortho Options conceptrol contraceptive gel is unscented, clear, unflavored...
The Supreme Court has agreed to revisit Obamacare, this time to review the requirement that most employers provide contraceptive coverage in their employee health insurance plans. On Tuesday, the court accepted two cases centered on the issue of business owners religious expression. Its another test for the embattled health care law,...
Question - What are the different contraceptive methods that can be followed?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Combined oral contraceptive pill, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
Societal norms about gender roles contribute to the economic disadvantages facing women in many developing countries. This paper evaluates an intervention aimed at eroding support for restrictive gender norms, specifically a multi-year school-based intervention in Haryana, India, that engaged adolescents in classroom discussions about gender equality. Using a randomized controlled trial, we find that the intervention increased adolescents support for gender equality by 0.25 standard deviations, a sizable effect compared to other correlates of their gender attitudes such as their parents views. Program participants also report more gender-equitable behavior; for example, boys report helping out more with household chores. You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.. ...
Hello, We have been trying to conceive for 4 years. 2 weeks ago I started a new IVF cycle with Lupron Depot (a single shot). Somehow two weeks after the shot I conceived naturally. I read a lot of b...
LUPRON DEPOT 3.75mg (Leuprolide) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient assistance.
I am in my fourth month of Lupron Depot Treatment and I have started bleeding a little bit and I shouldnt be. Has anyone ever had this problem before?
Worldwide, 214 million women have an unmet need for modern contraception (i.e., they do not wish to get pregnant and are using no contraceptive method or a traditional method).6 Access to FP methods varies significantly by region (see Table 1). Unmet need for FP is highest in regions like sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania where contraceptive prevalence is lowest.7 Adolescent fertility rates have declined slowly and remain particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa, where child marriage remains common, and in Latin America and the Caribbean.8 While the percentage of pregnant women receiving the recommended minimum number of four antenatal care visits has been on the rise, it is 52% in developing countries and lower still in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia.9 Each year, approximately 47,000 women die from complications associated with unsafe abortion.10 Access to and use of effective contraception reduces unintended pregnancies and the incidence of abortion.11. Reasons for the lack of access to and, ...
Similar to any other technique of birth control, the DMPA contraceptives also have their advantages and disadvantages. First, a look at the advantages. This method is hassle free and effective. It has been used by over 90 million women and is reported to be as effective as sterilization. One injection can prevent pregnancy for 3 months. Secondly, it offers no hindrance to normal sexual life and can be made use of at any stage. Thirdly, it is extremely safe and can be even used by nursing mothers as early as six weeks after childbirth. Also, there is probably no increase in congenital abnormalities when contraception failure occurs. Fourthly, there are no side effects related to estrogen, which involve the risk of heart attack. Fifthly, it shields the body from ovarian and endometrial cancer and uterine fibroids. Lastly, it is reversible and one can plan a family after a gap of three to six months on stopping the usage.. The disadvantages include alteration in menstrual bleeding, which implies ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Special consideration: Adolescents In general, adolescents are eligible to use any method of contraception and must have access to a variety of contraceptive choices. Age alone does not constitute a medical reason for denying any method to adolescents. While some concerns have been expressed regarding the use of certain contraceptive methods in adolescents (e.g. the use of progestogen-only injectables by those below 18 years), these concerns must be balanced against the advantages of avoiding pregnancy. It is clear that many of the same eligibility criteria that apply to older clients apply to young people. However, some conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disorders) that may limit use of some methods in older women do not generally affect young people since these conditions are rare in this age group. Social and behavioural issues should be important considerations in the choice of contraceptive methods by adolescents. For example, in some settings, adolescents are also at increased risk for STIs, ...
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A side effect of todays contraceptive pills is that they disrupt hormone production in women, but now, scientists have found a protein target, which could pave the way for contraceptive
There is a growing need for data on contraceptive efficacy in obese women. This article details the current state of knowledge in this regard.
The contraceptive injection is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. It can protect you for eight weeks or 12 weeks. The contraceptive injection contains the hormone progestogen.
... , provides information on potential contraceptive targets and leads in early development, products in development, and a selection of novel and long-acting products with limited market availability.. Explore the database using the keyword search, filter options, and the two view options: by phase in the development pipeline (below) or by user sex and type (hormonal/nonhormonal).. More information on Calliope and using the database can be found on the About, How to Use, and Glossary pages. Calliope is coordinated by FHI 360 with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and is a part of the CTI Exchange, available at www.ctiexchange.org.. ...
... , provides information on potential contraceptive targets and leads in early development, products in development, and a selection of novel and long-acting products with limited market availability.. Explore the database using the keyword search, filter options, and the two view options: by phase in the development pipeline (below) or by user sex and type (hormonal/nonhormonal).. More information on Calliope and using the database can be found on the About, How to Use, and Glossary pages. Calliope is coordinated by FHI 360 with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and is a part of the CTI Exchange, available at www.ctiexchange.org.. ...
To not be missed the plan , you needs to learn and implement immediately the popular method contraceptive below. This is best methods to contraceptive
According to researchers, a remote controlled contraceptive chip could be available by 2018. According to researchers from MicroCHIP Inc. in Massachusetts, a remote controlled contraceptive chip could be a possibility for women over the next few years.
Congressional representatives and those in executive positions should make a clear stand on not just respecting the rights of individuals and couples to informed choice. They must clearly make a stance that they will earmark funds to provide wide access to modern contraceptives and reproductive health care services. It is very easy for middle class and upper class women to pay for their own contraceptives and other reproductive health care services but this is not the case for poor women in the communities, rural areas, and in the ARMM. For poor women, they are unable to buy contraceptives, they cannot afford to pay for anti-biotics to treat their reproductive tract infection for them to be able to have an IUD inserted, they cannot afford to pay for a P2,500 ligation procedure even when they already have four or more children, they are unable to get pre-natal and post-natal check ups because they have to tend to the needs of their several children at home nor they can pay for a simple PAP smear ...
Not only do people use Yaz for birth control; they may also take it for the treatment of acne. This eMedTV resources discusses the contraceptives uses in more detail, explains how Yaz works, and explores the effectiveness of this form of birth control.
I just finished a round of Docetaxel in October, and got my 2nd 6-month Depot shot of Lupron in December ( I got both my 1st chemo and my 1st Lupron in late Jun...
For twenty-five years Lynne Millican has been promoting awareness of, and trying to prompt investigations into, the serious problems associated with the drug Lupron. ____________________________________ In 1989, I received a prescription for the drug Lupron from a world-renowned Boston hospital for treatment of endometriosis and infertility. Given the prestige of the institution, and the trust…
For twenty-five years Lynne Millican has been promoting awareness of, and trying to prompt investigations into, the serious problems associated with the drug Lupron. ____________________________________ In 1989, I received a prescription for the drug Lupron from a world-renowned Boston hospital for treatment of endometriosis and infertility. Given the prestige of the institution, and the trust…
The scientific community at large have denounced use of Lupron, a prostate cancer drug, for treatment of autism. But Dr.Mark Geier and his son who pioneered the protocol persist, raising concerns.
I am so glad to hear your news. I agree, that it is really a low dose and that everything should be fine. on 12/30 I had to go to the ER for a racing heart rate that would not go down. It was 169 laying down. It was called SVT(supraventicular tachycardia). The doctor there said it can happen to anyone and they see 16 year olds come in with it. They had to give me a medicine to "reboot my heart." I was very upset about that since I was 20.5 along and it would definitely cross the placenta line. Everything was fine and I have had a ultrasound and seen the OB since then. So if I can have that without hurting the babies, I doubt that such a tiny little dose of Lupron for a few days would do anything ...
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I am really looking forward to having another child, so after 2 yrs of continuous NuvaRing and 6mos of Lupron Depot, I stopped 08/24/2014. On 08/27/2014, I got what I thought was a period.
This implant offers all the protection from unwanted pregnancies with almost none of the clinic visits. So why did many say, thanks, but no thanks?
Natural Ayurvedic Contraceptive Methods. Ayurvedic Recipes for gaining Weight and Muscle. Breast Growth Recipes, Natural and Home Made. Scaling and Teeth. 1. 2.
I have ordered the medicines with e-check payment from mydrugpill, they delivered it fast as compared to payment done via other payment options.... View more ...
Thanks for this question. Depending on the type of birth control that you take and the reason that you take them for, this question and the appropriat
This page of the eMedTV Web site explains that there is just one standard dose of Camrese -- one pill taken once a day. This segment also lists the various things to tell your healthcare provider about before starting this contraceptive.
The prevalence of contraceptive use among women attending CWCs in Sunyani Municipal is quite impressive. Educational background and discussing FP during ANC were associated with current contraceptive use, while discussing FP during CWC, desire to space children and current contraceptive use were significant determinants of clients intention to use contraception in the future. Spousal communication on FP and previous contraceptive use were predictive of both current uptake and intention to adopt FP in the future.. The contraceptive prevalence of 50% among women attending CWC in Sunyani Municipality within 24 months of delivery is much higher than the rate of 27% among currently married women reported in the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) [5], and 39% of postpartum women within 2-12 months of delivery who had been referred to KATH [7]. The higher contraceptive use in the current study could be attributed to the higher proportion of women in their peak reproductive ages of 20-39 ...
In sub-Saharan Africa, large-scale measurements (for an entire country or region) show that the use of modern contraceptive methods is increasing, but slowly, giving the impression that change in this field will inevitably take time. To gain a better understanding of the reasons why the spread is so slow, particularly in rural areas, we made a detailed study of the history of contraception in a rural community in Bandafassi, Senegal. Using several information sources we were able to track the increase in contraceptive use year by year and examine the factors at work. The study presented here shows that, contrary to received wisdom, contraceptive use can spread rapidly in a rural area of Africa with few socioeconomic advantages, but that its diffusion is difficult to measure due to considerable under-reporting, and is by no means guaranteed over the long term ...
Patricia Donahoe and David Pepin of Massachusetts General Hospital in the U.S. are using a cell-based screening platform to develop a new class of hormonal contraceptive that works at the early stage of primordial follicle activation to prolong the contraceptive effect and reduce side effects, thereby promoting wider use particularly in the developing world. This early stage of follicle development in the ovary is suppressed by a hormone (Mullerian inhibiting substance or MIS) to regulate egg production. They considered that a drug that could mimic MIS could completely suppress ovulation and act as a powerful contraceptive. In contrast, most available hormonal contraceptives work once ovulation has begun, thereby requiring daily dosage, and share unwanted side effects including migraine and increased risk of some diseases. In Phase I, they designed a luciferase-based screening platform using engineered mammalian cells and screened 5,500 compounds from which they validated three candidate ...
This article reviews the epidemiologic studies and potential mechanisms evaluating the association between hormonal contraceptive methods and HIV risk.
Care guide for Hormonal Contraceptives. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
After evaluating comments, we have decided to add an additional element to the final rule. Nonprofit employers who, based on religious beliefs, do not currently provide contraceptive coverage in their insurance plan, will be provided an additional year, until August 1, 2013, to comply with the new law. Employers wishing to take advantage of the additional year must certify that they qualify for the delayed implementation. This additional year will allow these organizations more time and flexibility to adapt to this new rule. We intend to require employers that do not offer coverage of contraceptive services to provide notice to employees, which will also state that contraceptive services are available at sites such as community health centers, public clinics, and hospitals with income-based support. We will continue to work closely with religious groups during this transitional period to discuss their concerns. ...
Special consideration: Adolescents In general, adolescents are eligible to use any method of contraception and must have access to a variety of contraceptive choices. Age alone does not constitute a medical reason for denying any method to adolescents. While some concerns have been expressed regarding the use of certain contraceptive methods in adolescents (e.g. the use of progestogen-only injectables by those below 18 years), these concerns must be balanced against the advantages of avoiding pregnancy. It is clear that many of the same eligibility criteria that apply to older clients apply to young people. However, some conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disorders) that may limit use of some methods in older women do not generally affect young people since these conditions are rare in this age group. Social and behavioural issues should be important considerations in the choice of contraceptive methods by adolescents. For example, in some settings, adolescents are also at increased risk for STIs, ...
This report presents national estimates of sexual activity and contraceptive use among males and females aged 15-19 in the United States in 2011-2015.
This is a prospective cohort study to evaluate a) the effectiveness of the referral system from Family Medicine to the CTIS Pregnancy Health Information Line, and b) the impact of specialized counseling on contraceptive behavior change among the subset of women who accept the counseling and enroll in the follow-up study.. If a woman of reproductive age is seen by a Family Medicine clinician and she is currently taking or is newly prescribed one of the target medications, an EMR electronic alert will be generated for the clinician. The alert will say This patient may benefit from a referral to the CTIS Pregnancy Health Information Line for counseling, click Accept or Decline. If the Family Medicine clinician clicks Decline then a reason must be given for declining. If the clinician decides a referral is appropriate, he/she clicks Accept and informs the patient that she will be contacted by CTIS. The referral is also included in the patient instructions. Within one week, a CTIS counselor ...
The leader in womens birth control.For the prevention of pregnancy. For use with condom or alone. No hormonal side effects. Easy-to-use. ORTHO OPTIONS...
Summary of Facts and Submissions. I. European patent application No. 84 304 945.3, (publication No. 138 304) filed with 6 claims, relating to a contraceptive method which comprises applying to the mucus in the vagina of a female mammal a mucospissic amount of a bis-biguanide compound and this compound for use as a contraceptive, was rejected by the Examining Division.. II. The ground for refusal was that certain claims were not allowable under Articles 52(1), 54(1), 54(2) and 57 EPC.. In its decision the Examining Division took the view that Claims 1 and 2 then on file lacked novelty with regard to the prior art document GB-A-705 838 (document (1)) or document GB-A-1 095 902 (document (2)). These documents related to the same compounds as they are now claimed in the present patent application in connection with their contraceptive use. The claimed contraceptive compositions could not be distinguished over the compounds and compositions disclosed in document (1) or (2).. As far as the claims then ...
I am a 31 year old female who was diagnosed with Endometriosis about 3 years ago. After my Lap procedure and consulting with multiple doctors....t...
Media Release - 10 August 2013. A Conspiracy of Silence - Family Planning. Right to Life has on 2nd November 2014 made a new media release on this topic. FLI post on Jadelle. Suggested Read on Jadelle. The Family Planning Association staff are inserting Jadelle implants into the arms of women in violation of their Health rights. Those rights are enshrined in the Health and Disability Act 2000. The rights are, Right 6, Right to be fully informed. Right 7,the Right to Make an Informed Choice and Give Informed Consent. An estimated 40,000 women in New Zealand have had the Long Acting Reversible Contraceptive [LARC] Jadelle implants inserted into their arms since the implants were fully funded by the government in 2010. Many of these women did so in the belief that the implants were solely a contraceptive. They have been cruelly and deliberately deceived for the implant is not only a contraceptive but is also an abortifacient, that is, that it not only prevents new life but it destroys new life. The ...
Many new mothers are reluctant to go in for invasive contraceptives immediately after the infant is born. During these initial months postpartum breastfeeding is used as an interim contraception method. It encourages optimal breastfeeding and is healthy for both infant and mother.
August 26, 2004 (PLANSPONSOR.com) - Wisconsin employers that provide prescription drug coverage must include coverage of contraceptives.
From Coca-Cola to weasel testicles, you wont believe the many types of contraceptives people have used for the sake of just getting it on.
通过广泛的科研,我们知道,宫颈粘液对生育至关重要。它能保护并培养精子,使其保持生育能力。它还能充当精子的通道,使精子穿越你的生殖系统,接触卵子并使其受精。并且它还能作为过滤器,毁灭不完美的精子细胞。 通过广泛的科研,我们知道,宫颈粘液对生育至关重要。它能保护并培养精子,使其保持生育能力。它还能充当精...
Long before there were condoms, birth control pills, and our modern contraceptives, our ancestors created their own ways to help prevent pregnancy.
A cooling system (1) for use in a non-invasive medical cooling process to cool at least one portion of the body of a person (2) by means of a cooling fluid flowing through a cooling pad (3), comprising a first pump 70, a fluid outlet con ...
According to the Guttmacher Institute, there are 332 US counties where Planned Parenthood serves at least half of women obtaining publicly supported contraceptive services from a safety-net health center.
The WHO reclassification last month of progestogen-only injectable contraceptives has triggered a critical debate in the family planning community over how to manage the potential link between higher rates of HIV acquisition and one of the most popular birth control methods in many at-risk communities....Providers said the new guidance is causing them to rethink how to identify a woman with a higher likelihood of acquiring HIV and how to communicate the possible risk of the injectables to those clients. The stakes are enormous. ...
In this unit we have looked at some of the factors which infuence a couples decision to have a child. For people who choose not to do so, at least for some part of their lives, a range of contraceptive practices is available. We have looked at the biological processes involved in producing gametes, and at the precise sequence of events necessary to produce a healthy, fertilized egg. We have seen how this egg develops, first as a pre-programmed, free-living embryo, then becomes buried within ...
Data Collection Notes: The original hierarchical data collection had two types of records. There was one respondent record for each of the 8,450 women in the survey. These records included most of the information from the interview and contain approximately 1,330 variables. Following each womans respondent record were the interval records, one for each of her closed pregnancy intervals (completed pregnancies) yielding approximately 180 variables in each interval record cover information about the characteristics of each pregnancy and any contraceptive methods used during that interval. The hierarchical files have, however, been replaced by two rectangular ASCII files (respondent and interval).. Data for CYCLE I, 1973 (ICPSR 7898), CYCLE II, 1976 (ICPSR 7902, 8181), CYCLE III, 1982 (ICPSR 8328), CYCLE IV, 1990 TELEPHONE REINTERVIEW (ICPSR 6643), and CYCLE V, 1995 (ICPSR 6960), and CYCLE VI, 2002 (ICPSR 4157) are also available from ICPSR.. The following codes are undocumented for variable A_4 ...
In analyzing data from longitudinal studies, researchers commonly assume that the experience of participants who withdraw early, had they stayed in the study, would have been similar to the experience of those who completed. However, this assumption is generally impossible to confirm and is often implausible. If the assumption is false, the study findings may substantially misrepresent the likelihood of the outcome in the study population. If the degree of misrepresentation is not consistent across study groups, comparisons could be seriously biased. Indeed, some expert epidemiologists have suggested that a trial with losses of greater than 20% of the participants "would be unlikely to successfully withstand challenges to its validity" [8, 9].. Our study, like other recent barrier contraceptive method studies, did not even approach this standard: 42% of our enrolled participants did not complete the trial. Furthermore, the participants who failed to complete were different in key ways from those ...
I have endo, I have had a ruptured cyst, I have had kidney pain for 24 days & counting, I am in constant discomfort. Do I really need a full hyster or has anyone had luck with Lupron? I did have 1 Lu...
There are some potentially serious side effects of Lupron, and blood in the urine is one of them. This eMedTV page explains what to do if you are using this medicine and notice blood in your urine. This article also links to more detailed information.
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 Learn how Deslorelin, a synthetic hormone that causes ovulation from mature ovarian follicles, can be useful in the timing of breeding for a higher conception rate in mares.
The Creighton model initially made me think of natural contraceptive methods such as Billings, which generally includes charting ovulation and menstrual cycles to prevent pregnancy. I was wrong. While it is based on charting its not only used to prevent or encourage pregnancy, its also able to be used as an indicator of general gynaecological health. With the assistance of standardised observations, biological markers and guidance from a practitioner and specialist doctor, a woman is taught how to collate and interpret data that can effectively provide information about what is going on within her body ...
Dr. Sills is one of the few fellowship-trained fertility experts in the U.S. with surgical experience in laparoscopic (out-patient) Essure® removal.
ParaGard is prescribed to prevent pregnancy in women of reproductive age. This eMedTV resource takes a look at this contraceptive device, including how it is used and possible side effects. Paraguard is a common misspelling of ParaGard.
I started on OCPs yesterday and am scheduled to start Lupron next week. They now tell me I have to have a saline sonogram prior to starting Lupron as my last HSG was in August 2013 and their protocol recommends every 6 months during IVF. I am not enthused about the same, but am going along with their recommendation. Did any of u also get a saline songram every 6 months? Seems a little excessive to me but they say they want to make sure they are no polyps or anything that will affect the FET implantation. I guess my FET will be the third week of May or so. Anyone else on the same cycle ...
These videos are from patients like you. They are not made by doctors or nurses. Protocols are also very individual and whats shown here may not apply to you. You must verify all advice, instructions and dosages with your clinic before going ahead with your medication ...
Ok, first off, sorry I didnt get a chance to update yesterday. It was a VERY long day and I crashed really early last night. But onto the news…. Had an ultrasound. I was at around 1,200 grams before. Yesterday? About 650 grams!! So weve cut the size down almost in half so far!! He had wanted to get me down to around 600 grams for surgery. He could do it at 1,200 but it would mean much longer under anesthesia and bleeding risks. Well, now that were down, hes ready to get me on the schedule. I dont have a specific date yet. His nurse will be following-up with me to schedule me about a month or so from now.. Sometime around the end of September I will be having my surgery.. He thinks that by then, I may even be down to about 400 grams because the Lupron is still in my system for another two months. So even better. The Lupron TOTALLY worked for me.. Right before surgery, Ill have a final ultrasound just to get a last-minute check on things and Ill also need bloodwork for cross and type for ...
If youre on certain brands of birth-control pills, watch out. You may not be getting an adequate dose of contraceptive, raising your risk of an unwanted...
The First Amendment does not permit a state to enact a broad law against mailing unsolicited promotional materials for contraceptives.
Diaphragms may not be as notorious as the contraceptive sponges immortalized on Seinfeld by Elaine. (“So, you think youre sponge-worthy?) But for many, these messy...
In the entire study 27% of participants used hormonal contraception at some point during the study. What the researchers found was that, in general, women who reported using hormonal contraceptives had a longer delay to onset of AIDS and a longer time until death. Specifically, those who used hormonal contraception had on average 3.92 years until death, and 3.72 years until AIDS, compared to 3.04 years until death and 2.98 years until AIDS or those without hormonal contraceptive use. Interestingly, this study also took note as to what kind of behavioral patterns the hormonal contraceptive users engaged in compared to the nonusers. This study found that women using hormonal contraceptives had on average a higher degree of education, were in the median age category (25-35), and were also less likely to use condoms. These have to be taken into account as well as the hormonal contraceptive use as possible variables affecting onset of AIDS and death ...
Looking for online definition of Contraceptive agent in the Medical Dictionary? Contraceptive agent explanation free. What is Contraceptive agent? Meaning of Contraceptive agent medical term. What does Contraceptive agent mean?
The rate of unintended pregnancy among opioid-dependent women is extremely high: nearly 9 of every 10 pregnant opioid-dependent women report that the current pregnancy was unintended, a rate 2-3 times that of the general population. Despite these dire statistics, there is a dearth of scientific knowledge about contraceptive use in this population and about how to promote use of more effective contraceptives (e.g., birth control pills, IUDs, implants).. The aim of this Stage I Behavioral and Integrative Treatment Development Program application is to develop and pilot test a novel contraceptive management program to increase use of more effective contraceptives among OM women. OM women (N=100) at risk for unintended pregnancy will be randomly assigned to a 6-month contraceptive management program or to usual care. The contraceptive management program will consist of two components: (1) the World Health Organizations contraception protocol and (2) reinforced follow-up visits. At their first ...
Prevention includes comprehensive sexual education, availability of family planning services, abstinence and increased access to a range of effective birth control methods. Most unintended pregnancies result from not using contraception, and many result from using contraceptives inconsistently or incorrectly. Though, increased rates of sexual activity are also a factor.[41]. Increasing use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) (such as IUD and contraceptive implants) decreases the chance of unintended pregnancy by decreasing the chance of incorrect use. Method failure is relatively rare with modern, highly effective contraceptives, and is much more of an issue when such methods are unavailable or not used. (See comparison of contraceptive methods). Introduction of effective LARCs for men could have a positive effect on unintended pregnancies.[42]. In the United States, women who have an unintended pregnancy are more likely to have subsequent unplanned pregnancies.[16] Providing family ...
Background: Understanding the effect of oral contraceptives on risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers is important because oral contraceptive use is a common, modifiable practice.. Methods: We studied 497 BRCA1 and 307 BRCA2 mutation carriers, of whom 195 and 128, respectively, had been diagnosed with breast cancer. Case-control analyses were conducted using unconditional logistic regression with adjustments for family history and familial relationships and were restricted to subjects with a reference age under 50 years.. Results: For BRCA1 mutation carriers, there was no significant association between risk of breast cancer and use of oral contraceptives for at least 1 year [odds ratio (OR), 0.77; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.53-1.12] or duration of oral contraceptive use (Ptrend = 0.62). For BRCA2 mutation carriers, there was no association with use of oral contraceptives for at least 1 year (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 0.90-2.92); however, there was an association of elevated ...
Combined oral contraceptive pill: | | | Combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.
Lipid-lowering agents[edit]. *Simvastatin[note 72]. Dermatological medicines (topical)[edit]. Antifungal medicines[edit]. * ... 22.1 Contraceptives *22.1.1 Oral hormonal contraceptives. *22.1.2 Injectable hormonal contraceptives ... Diagnostic agents[edit]. *Tuberculin, purified protein derivative (PPD). Sera and immunoglobulins[edit]. *Antivenom ... single agent trimethoprim may be an alternative for lower urinary tract infection. ...
Oral contraceptives and the risk of venous thromboembolism: an update". Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. 32 (12): ... from vaccines a decade ago the rate of autism has not decreased as would be expected if it had been the causative agent.[40][41 ... such as the combined oral contraceptive pill[33][34] ... protease inhibitors for HIV and hormonal contraceptives. The ...
... posttreatment partner and inconsistent condom use although estrogen-containing contraceptives decrease recurrence.[41] When ... "Lactobacillus species as biomarkers and agents that can promote various aspects of vaginal health". Frontiers in Physiology. 6 ... "Recurrence of bacterial vaginosis is significantly associated with posttreatment sexual activities and hormonal contraceptive ...
... and contraceptives that contain estrogen.[82] ... Anti inflammatory agents in breast milk. *Areola. *Areolar ...
Medications commonly associated with rebound hypertension include centrally-acting antihypertensive agents, such as clonidine[ ... such as those found in oral contraceptives with high estrogenic activity), certain antidepressants (such as venlafaxine), ...
Interactions between oral contraceptives and antifungals/antibacterials. Is contraceptive failure the result?»։ Clinical ... General Background: Antibiotic Agents»։ Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics։ Վերցված է 21 December 2014 ... 144,0 144,1 «Bacteriophage therapy»։ Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 45 (3): 649-59։ March 2001։ PMC 90351։ PMID 11181338 ... 146,0 146,1 «Plant products as antimicrobial agents»։ Clinical Microbiology Reviews 12 (4): 564-82։ October 1999։ PMC 88925։ ...
The first oral contraceptive, Enovid, was approved by FDA in 1960. Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation and so prevent ... antifungal, alkalinizing agents, quinolones, antibiotics, cholinergics, anticholinergics, antispasmodics, 5-alpha reductase ... In the inter-war period, the first anti-bacterial agents such as the sulpha antibiotics were developed. The Second World War ... These were drugs that worked chiefly as anti-anxiety agents and muscle relaxants. The first benzodiazepine was Librium. Three ...
... and adding a warning to the label advising women to start taking contraceptives a month before starting the drug. However use ...
Estradiol-containing oral contraceptive. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e "FDA Approves Combined Monthly Injectable Contraceptive ... Progestational Drugs and Antifertility Agents. II. Pergamon Press. pp. 385-469. ISBN 978-0080168128. . OCLC 278011135.. ... Rivera R, Yacobson I, Grimes D (1999). "The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive ... vaginal hormonal contraceptive use, „Contraception" 2011, t. 84, p. e2-3 *^ R. L. Birtch, O. A. Olatunbosum, R. A. Pierson, ...
"Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 12 (5): 630-5. doi:10.1128/AAC.12.5.630. PMC 429989. PMID 21610.. ... It may alter the effectiveness of combined oral contraceptive pills because of its effect on the gut flora. A review found that ... "Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 28 (5): 630-3. doi:10.1128/aac.28.5.630. PMC 176346. PMID 4091529.. ... If mitemcinal can be shown to be an effective prokinetic agent, it would represent a significant advance in the ...
The use of hormonal agents in the treatment of acne»։ Semin Cutan Med Surg 35 (2): 68-73։ June 2016։ PMID 27416311։ doi: ... Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment of acne»։ Cochrane Database Syst Rev (7): CD004425։ July 2012։ PMID 22786490։ ... Use of oral contraceptives for management of acne vulgaris and hirsutism in women of reproductive and late reproductive age»։ ... 135,0 135,1 Brandt Staci (May 2013)։ «The clinical effects of zinc as a topical or oral agent on the clinical response and ...
Oral contraceptive (anovulatory). 30-100 µg/day. 100-160 µg/day. 320-640 µg/day. 300 µg/day. ?. 40-60 pg/mL. 60-100 pg/mL. 200- ... Sartorelli AC, Johns DG (27 November 2013). Antineoplastic and Immunosuppressive Agents. Springer Science & Business Media. pp ... Stanczyk FZ, Archer DF, Bhavnani BR (June 2013). "Ethinyl estradiol and 17β-estradiol in combined oral contraceptives: ...
Health Tourism Lithuania, a booking agent, was established in 2018, focusing on the Scandinavian market, but in 2019 in ... "New DVT Guidelines: No Evidence to Support "Economy Class Syndrome"; Oral Contraceptives, Sitting in a Window Seat, Advanced ...
... contraceptive economy' of a relationship, in which women have maintained responsibility of the contraceptive task up until the ... The numbing agent is forced/pushed onto and deep enough into the scrotal tissue to allow for a virtually pain-free surgery. ... "Contraceptive Use 2011". UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2012.. ... After a vasectomy, contraceptive precautions must be continued until azoospermia is confirmed. Usually two semen analyses at ...
... innovations in contraceptive agents: tomorrow's hormonal contraceptive agents and their clinical implications.". American ... 2011.) "Combined oral contraceptives (COCs)", Contraceptive technology, 20. izmjenjeno izdanje, str. str. 249.-341., New York: ... unspecified (2001.). "Herbal contraceptives and abortifacients", Encyclopedia of birth control, str. str. 125.-128., Santa ... Ammer, Christine (2009.). "oral contraceptive", The encyclopedia of women's health, 6. izdanje, str. str. 312.-315., New York: ...
Unfortunately, this work was not well received by everyone, as the team was supposed to be looking for a contraceptive pill.[87 ... "A new anti-oestrogenic agent in late breast cancer".. Cite journal requires ,journal=. (help). ... It is a nonsteroidal agent with potent antiestrogenic properties which compete with estrogen for binding sites in breast and ... The drug was subsequently reinvented from a failed contraceptive, to become tamoxifen, the gold standard for the adjuvant ...
Estrogen-based oral contraceptive. discontinuation reduces risk. [8][11][14] Hormone replacement therapy. discontinuation ... Antiplatelet agents[edit]. Arterial thrombosis is platelet-rich, and inhibition of platelet aggregation with antiplatelet drugs ...
Factor VIII, a clotting agent used to treat hemophilia, was produced, at the time, by processing donated blood. In the early ... "Health Canada reviewing safety of drospirenone-containing oral contraceptives (Yasmin and Yaz) and risk of venous ... and to treat moderate acne in women at least 14 years of age who choose an oral contraceptive for contraception. The FDA ... to treat symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in women who choose an oral contraceptive for contraception, ...
"Effects of the spin trap agent disodium- [tert-butylimino)methyl]benzene-1,3-disulfonate N-oxide (generic NXY-059) on ... oral contraceptive use. 'sticky platelet syndrome" dan sejenisnya. *Meningitis. *Cortical vein thrombosis-dehydration. ... senyawa spin trap agent seperti alpha-phenyl-N-t-butylnitrone (PBN) dan disodium- [tert-butylimino)methyl]benzene-1,3- ... clinical potential of metalloproteinase inhibitors and spin trap agents". Department of Neuroscience, University of California ...
"Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 7 (1): 46-49. doi:10.1128/aac.7.1.46. ISSN 0066-4804. PMC 429070. PMID 1137358.. ... DeRossi SS, Hersh EV (October 2002). "Antibiotics and oral contraceptives". Dental Clinics of North America. 46 (4): 653-64. ... "Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 60 (8): 4433-4441. doi:10.1128/AAC.00594-16. PMC 4958212. PMID 27246781.. ... "Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 50 (6): 2156-66. doi:10.1128/AAC.01499-05. PMC 1479133. PMID 16723578.. ...
"FDA's Approval of the First Oral Contraceptive, Enovid".. *^ Cafe, Rebecca (4 December 2011). "BBC News - How the contraceptive ... Anderson, Rosaleen (2012). Antibacterial agents chemistry, mode of action, mechanisms of resistance, and clinical applications ... Oral ContraceptivesEdit. Prior to the second world war, birth control was prohibited in many countries, and in the United ... "Why the Oral Contraceptive Is Just Known as "The Pill"". www.smithsonianmag.com.. ...
Methods to avoid occurrence of disease either through eliminating disease agents or increasing resistance to disease.[14] ... women taking oral contraceptives and travelers. Consequences of thrombosis can be heart attacks and strokes. Prevention can ... disease agents, and lifestyle choices. Health, disease, and disability are dynamic processes which begin before individuals ... became mainstream upon the discovery of infectious disease agents such as bacteria. These discoveries have been instrumental in ...
Bajgar J (2004). Organophosphates/nerve agent poisoning: mechanism of action, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment. Advances ... Oral contraceptives significantly decrease the elimination of desmethyldiazepam, a major metabolite of diazepam.[44][76] ... Agents with an effect on hepatic cytochrome P450 pathways or conjugation can alter the rate of diazepam metabolism. These ... The United States military employs a specialized diazepam preparation known as Convulsive Antidote, Nerve Agent (CANA), which ...
Topical depigmenting agents, such as hydroquinone (HQ) either in over-the-counter (2%) or prescription (4%) strength.[5] HQ is ... especially pregnant women and those who are taking oral or patch contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) ... Evidence-based reviews found that the most effective therapy for melasma includes a combination of topical agents.[6][5] Triple ... Rivas, Shelly; Pandya, Amit G. (2013-10-01). "Treatment of melasma with topical agents, peels and lasers: an evidence-based ...
Other drugs and agents include diuretics, salicylates, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, nicotinic acid, ciclosporin, 2-ethylamino-1,3, ... use of combined oral contraceptive pills is significantly associated with lower serum uric acid.[25] ... 4-thiadiazole, and cytotoxic agents.[9] The gene SLC2A9 encodes a protein that helps to transport uric acid in the kidney. ...
van Vloten WA, Sigurdsson V (2004). "Selecting an oral contraceptive agent for the treatment of acne in women". Am J Clin ... This means that norethisterone could also be an effective male hormonal contraceptive. Aside from its use as a contraceptive, ... Progestogen-only injectable contraceptive NET or NETA with ethinylestradiol. Low (e.g., 0.4 mg, 0.5 mg, 0.75 mg, 1 mg, 1.5 mg) ... to be used in an oral contraceptive.[12] In 1964, additional contraceptive preparations containing norethisterone in ...
Supporting this view, oral contraceptives and pregnancy can cause relapses of disease. Ten percent of the 1,548 patients whose ... and infectious agents. The health care provider will perform a physical exam. Detailed questions will be asked about the ... and side effects of certain anticonvulsants or psychotropic agents. A major manifestation of acute rheumatic fever, Sydenham's ...
See also: Sex-hormonal agent and List of sex-hormonal medications available in the United States ... Combined Estrogen-progestogen Contraceptives and Combined Estrogen-progestogen Menopausal Therapy. World Health Organization. ... cholesterol-lowering agents and aspirin for cardiovascular disease, and vaginal estrogen for local symptoms. Observational ...
EXPERT OPINION: Vemurafenib is an oral agent licensed for patients with BRAF V600E mutation-positive inoperable and metastatic ... of pelvic actinomycosis with bilateral hydronephrosis and renal failure associated with prolonged intrauterine contraceptive ... Recent clinical trials have reported improved survival for two novel agents; ipilimumab, a humanized, IgG1 monoclonal antibody ...
Part I: Dioxygenated 4-Methyl Coumarins as Superb Antioxidant and Radical Scavenging Agents Original Research Article ... Mechanism of action of intrauterine contraceptive devices and its relation to informed consent, , ... A role for excitatory amino acids as osteotropic agents? ... Mechanism of action of intrauterine contraceptive devices. 792 ...
The etiology of PG is unknown, but proposed agents include trauma, infection, and preceding dermatoses. ECL cells are endocrine ... From the practitioner perspective, we explored barriers and facilitators to the acquisition and use of contraceptives and to ...
Except as provided by the Prescribed Terms, neither we, our officers, agents, contractors, volunteers and employees and our ... Given that progesterone is included in numerous clinically-prescribed hormone therapies and contraceptives (e.. buy ivermectin ... STDs can be caused by organisms across the full spectrum of infectious agents, including bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and ... Progesterone, although still widely considered primarily a sex hormone, is an important agent affecting many central nervous ...
Concomitant use of any investigational agent;. - Use of any investigational agent within 4 weeks of study entry;. - Any known ... contraception (either an intrauterine contraceptive device [IUCD] or double barrier. method using condoms or a diaphragm plus ... Hormonal methods of contraception such as the contraceptive pill or patch. (particularly those containing ethinyl-estradiol) ...
Steroids (AAS) within the general clinical trials of oral contraceptives that initiation of treatment 3600 calories burned, ... Common side effects associated with using Winstrol steroid belongs agent which effectively binds itself to the traces, right ... which data suggest may be superior to single agents (3). The weekly please enter but it also stimulates your appetite ... Multiple mechanisms promotes growth in infectious agents. Searched the bibliographies dianabol use in body builders funding as ...
Combined oral contraceptives in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. N Engl J Med 2005;353:2550-8. ... leflunomide in the past 6 months or any other biologic agent in the past 30 days were excluded. ...
Brims, and footprint; by the combined contraceptive development of an erection. Ccnu: moderate dose of sensation of the cedar, ... Royces request, please submit your self-confidence and other immunosuppressive agent. Danny haddad of essential for prostate ... as moexiprilat and depressionthese agents. Cazacul, ch 4. ...
Contraceptive 2015/09/01 Upadacitinib Rinvoq Disease-modifying antirheumatic agent 2020/01/16 ... Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (antineoplastic agent) 2012/01/24 Vardenafil Staxyn Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitor 2011/ ...
Ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone are used together as an oral contraceptive agent. ... as an oral contraceptive, and as emergency contraceptive. ... It is one of two estrogens currently used in oral contraceptive ...
Even though great difficulties are encountered in establishing an aetiologic role for a given agent, so that in large ... Objective To determine the safety and efficacy of UniPron as a reversible contraceptive. Methods Vaginal swabs were obtained ... processed in the mycology laboratory to determine the etiological agents of the skin. infections.. Results. From the ... Possibilities of mass rearing and use of the parasitoid as a biocontrol agent for ticks are discussed. ...
... and chemotherapeutic agents cooperatively targets tumor-initiating cells in triple-negative breast cancer Medical device ... predict infant birth weight Phase-selective entrainment of nonlinear oscillator ensembles Effects of oral contraceptive use on ... a bioactive agent release system with self-antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties Systematic identification of factors ... a critical analysis review The role of biologic agents in the management of common shoulder pathologies: current state and ...
10 mg QD, days 8 to14 of 21d oral contraceptive cycle. Ethinyl estradiol 0% Levonorgestrel 0%. Ethinyl estradiol ↓9% ... Therapy with lipid-altering agents should be only one component of multiple risk factor intervention in individuals at ... rhabdomyolysis has been reported with Ezetimibe Tablets monotherapy and with the addition of Ezetimibe Tablets to agents known ...
... there is no excuse in our society with all the contraceptives and pregnancy kits available for an unwanted pregnancy beyond ... their reproductive status and end up obliging health care professionals to not merely collude in but be the chief active agents ...
In re Agent Orange Product Liability Litigation (1979-1984). In the legal case In re Agent Orange Product Liability Litigation ... women had some difficulty obtaining contraceptive materials due to a law prohibiting the distribution of contraceptives by ... Agent Orange contains dioxin, a chemical later shown to disrupt the hormone system of the body and to cause cancer. As veterans ... This limited access to contraceptives had an impact on womens reproductive rights and it was the Supreme Court case Eisenstadt ...
medical histories including sexual histories and contraceptive use have nothing to do with the medical necessity for a late- ... The clinics argued that unless the high court intervenes, women who obtained abortions could find government agents knocking at ... You can want to restrict contraceptive use. You can want to severely restrict welfare. But you can only want two out of the ... You can want to restrict contraceptive use. You can want to severely restrict welfare. But you can only want two out of the ...
Contraceptive Agents / *Infectious Disease Drugs / *Oncology / *Genito - Urinary System / *Endocrine & Metabolic System / ...
7.3 Contraceptives *7.3.1 Combined hormonal oral contraceptives. *7.3.2 Progestogen-only contraceptives *7.3.2.1 Oral ... 13.11 Skin cleansers, antiseptics, and desloughing agents *13.11.1 Alcohols and saline ... 7.3 Contraceptives *7.3.1 Combined hormonal oral contraceptives. *7.3.2 Progestogen-only contraceptives *7.3.2.1 Oral ... 13.11 Skin cleansers, antiseptics, and desloughing agents *13.11.1 Alcohols and saline ...
7.3 Contraceptives *7.3.1 Combined hormonal oral contraceptives. *7.3.2 Progestogen-only contraceptives *7.3.2.1 Oral ... 13.11 Skin cleansers, antiseptics, and desloughing agents *13.11.1 Alcohols and saline ... 7.3 Contraceptives *7.3.1 Combined hormonal oral contraceptives. *7.3.2 Progestogen-only contraceptives *7.3.2.1 Oral ... 7.3 Contraceptives *7.3.1 Combined hormonal oral contraceptives. *7.3.2 Progestogen-only contraceptives *7.3.2.1 Oral ...
Miscellaneous Central Nervous System Agents (16913)*Alpha- and Beta-Adrenergic Agonists (5167)*Alpha-Adrenergic Agonists (250) ... Contraceptives (576). *Medicated Skin Care Products (6584)*Emollients Demulcents and Protectants (5) ... Anorexigenic Agents and Respiratory and Cerebral Stimulants (517)*Anorectal Drug Products (5) ...
This action may be additive with other agents that can cause hypotension such as antihypertensive agents or other peripheral ... study reviewed the literature to determine the effects of oral antibiotics on the pharmacokinetics of contraceptive estrogens ...
People using antiplatelet agents. 1.3.16 Consider VTE prophylaxis for people who are having antiplatelet agents for other ... 1.3.13 Advise people to consider stopping oestrogen-containing oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy 4 weeks ... If antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents are being used, or their use is planned, refer to the summary of product ...
Anxicalm is a benzodiazepine anti-anxiety agent that acts at the limbic, thalamic, and hypothalamic level of the CNS and has ... Postabortion contraceptive use and method continuation in India. Cortical dysplastic lesions were further graded as mild, ... Possible mechanisms of the development of osteopaties in patients with chronic lead poisoning The causative agent has a ... Therefore, the present study identifies a class of N-phenyl thiazolidinediones as novel Bid-inhibiting neuroprotective agents ...
Definite conclusions concerning the effect of oral contraceptive agents on nutritive parameters could not be made. Thirteen ... The median duration of use for oral contraceptives is also presented as an aid to interpreting the significance of the findings ... a mass-produced and stored chemical warfare agent. Investigations into the site of action of taloximine: a new respiratory ...
Oral Contraceptives No clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetic of oral contraceptive containing ethinyl ... Sympathomimetic Agents. No clinically significant differences in heart rate or blood pressure was observed when ZEPOSIA 1.84 mg ... a sympathomimetic agent) compared to pseudoephedrine alone. ...
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