Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
Abnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to MENSTRUATION, usually in females without regular MENSTRUAL CYCLE. The irregular and unpredictable bleeding usually comes from a dysfunctional ENDOMETRIUM.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Chemical compounds that induce menstruation either through direct action on the reproductive organs or through indirect action by relieving another condition of which amenorrhea is a secondary result. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
Methods of contraception in which physical, chemical, or biological means are used to prevent the SPERM from reaching the fertilizable OVUM.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
Individuals requesting induced abortions.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Sexual activities of humans.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Progesterones which have undergone ring contraction or which are lacking carbon 18 or 19.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An inactive metabolite of PROGESTERONE by reduction at C5, C3, and C20 position. Pregnanediol has two hydroxyl groups, at 3-alpha and 20-alpha. It is detectable in URINE after OVULATION and is found in great quantities in the pregnancy urine.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
An orally active synthetic progestational hormone used often in combinations as an oral contraceptive.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Agents, either mechanical or chemical, which destroy spermatozoa in the male genitalia and block spermatogenesis.
Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
Painful menstruation.
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.

Emergency contraception: knowledge and attitudes of family medicine providers. (1/86)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emergency contraception (EC) is an underutilized method of preventing unplanned pregnancy. This study assessed family physicians' and nurse providers' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about EC. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to faculty, residents, and clinic nurses in a Midwestern department of family medicine. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Statistical significance was tested by chi-square test, Student's t test, and Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate. RESULTS: Seventy-eight providers participated (response rate 81%). Seventy-four percent of physicians have prescribed EC in the past, with an average of 3.2 (range 0-10) times in the last year. The majority of providers reported that they were familiar with indications (96%) and protocols (78%) for prescribing EC, yet knowledge inaccuracies were identified. Overall attitudes regarding EC were positive. CONCLUSIONS: Although the majority of participating providers were willing to prescribe EC and had generally favorable attitudes toward it, rates of providing this therapy were low. There was a discrepancy between providers' perceived and actual knowledge about EC. Interventions targeting misunderstandings might help reduce missed opportunities to provide EC.  (+info)

Mechanisms of action of mifepristone and levonorgestrel when used for emergency contraception. (2/86)

An emergency contraceptive method is used after coitus but before pregnancy occurs. The use of emergency contraception is largely under-utilized worldwide. One of the main barriers to widespread use is concern about the mechanism of action. Recently, treatment with either 10 mg mifepristone or 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel has emerged as the most effective hormonal method for emergency contraception with very low side-effects. However, the knowledge of the mechanism of action of mifepristone and levonorgestrel in humans, when used for contraceptive purposes and especially for emergency contraception, remains incomplete. The objective of this review is to summarize available data on the effects of mifepristone and levonorgestrel on female reproductive functions relevant to the emergency use of the compounds. When summarized, available data from studies in humans indicate that the contraceptive effects of both levonorgestrel and mifepristone, when used in single low doses for emergency contraception, involve either blockade or delay of ovulation, due to either prevention or delay of the LH surge, rather than to inhibition of implantation.  (+info)

Effect of advanced provision of emergency contraception on women's contraceptive behaviour: a randomized controlled trial. (3/86)

BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) can prevent pregnancy but is under-used. Advanced provision increases use but the effect on contraceptive behaviour varies. METHODS: Women aged 18-45 years, using less effective contraceptives, were randomized to either advanced provision of three courses of EC (intervention) or to obtaining each course from clinic (control). EC use and contraceptive behaviour were monitored for 1 year. RESULTS: In all, 1030 women were recruited in 6 months. The mean+/-SD number of courses of EC used in intervention versus control group was 0.56+/-1.2 versus 0.20+/-0.6 (P<0.001). In the intervention group, 47% women aged <26 years used at least one course of EC compared with 23% of older women (P<0.001). The majority of women used condoms before (intervention 89%, control 91%) and during the study (89% for both groups). Consistency of contraceptive use was higher during the study (65 versus 60% of women in both groups) (P<0.001). There were 17 unplanned pregnancies, eight in the intervention group, six of whom did not use EC in the conception cycle. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced provision increases EC use especially among young women in Hong Kong. Contraceptive choice and consistency of use remains the same even among young women.  (+info)

Late follicular phase administration of mifepristone suppresses circulating leptin and FSH - mechanism(s) of action in emergency contraception? (4/86)

OBJECTIVE: Low dose mifepristone (RU486) is highly effective in emergency post-coital contraception (EC), although the mechanism(s) of action remains unclear. We studied the endocrine actions of 10 mg mifepristone administered orally as a single dose to eight healthy volunteers (aged 20-45 years) during the late follicular phase. METHODS: Serum levels of LH, FSH, oestradiol, progesterone, leptin, mifepristone, cortisol, and gluco-corticoid bioactivity (GBA) were measured before and 1, 2, 4 and 8 h after ingestion of mifepristone on cycle day 10 or 11 (study day 1), and follow-up was continued for 10 days. Ovarian ultrasonography was performed on study days 1 and 7. Similar measurements were carried out during a control cycle. RESULTS: Mifepristone postponed ovulation, as evidenced by a 3.4+/-1.1 day (means+/-s.d.) delay (P < 0.005) in the LH surge and 3.6+/-4.0 day prolongation of the treatment cycle (P = 0.08). During the mifepristone cycle, an LH surge was displayed by five subjects when serum mifepristone levels had declined to 9.5+/-7.1 nmol/l. During the day of mifepristone administration, circulating GBA (P < 0.001) and leptin (P < 0.001) levels declined. On the day after mifepristone administration, mean serum FSH and leptin levels were lower than pretreatment values (3.8+/-1.8 IU/l vs 5.2+/-1.1 IU/l, n = 7, P < 0.05; 28.9+/-6.7 microg/l vs 33.2+/-9.0 microg/l, n = 7, P < 0.05 respectively), and the corresponding difference in the mean serum oestradiol concentration was borderline (452+/-252 pmol/l vs 647+/-406 pmol/l, n = 7, P = 0.056). In contrast to the control cycle, individual leptin levels declined during the follow-up after ingestion of mifepristone (n = 8, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These data showed that the commonly employed dose of mifepristone for EC delays ovulation and prolongs the menstrual cycle, when given during the late follicular phase. The mechanism of action of mifepristone may include a reduction of FSH secretion via a decrease in circulating leptin.  (+info)

Clinical presentation and management of alleged sexually assaulted females at Mulago hospital, Kampala, Uganda. (5/86)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the presentation and treatment offered to sexually assaulted females attending emergency gynaecological ward in Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. SETTING: Mulago hospital gynaecological emergency ward. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty eight sexually assaulted females were recruited from 1 st March 2000 to 31 st December 2000. They were interviewed, examined, given appropriate treatment and followed up for three months. OUTCOME VARIABLES: Socio demographic characteristics, genital and bodily injuries, relationship to the assailant, and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections. RESULTS: The mean age was 9.5 with a range of 1-35 years. Seventy two percent of the victims were children below 12 years. Fifty percent of the assault occurred at the assailant's home. The majority (79.3%) of the victims knew the assailant and cases of gang rape were only 6.9%. The injuries sustained were extra genital (19.0%), genital (75.4%). The emotional or psychological disturbance was present in 22.4% of the patients. The sexually transmitted infections found included trichomonas vaginalis (1.7%) and syphilis (3.7%). All cases received counseling and prophylactic treatment for sexually transmitted infections. Those in reproductive age group were offered emergency contraception. None of the victims got post exposure HIV therapy because it was not available in the hospital. CONCLUSION: Sexual assault is common in Uganda and is one of the most dehumanizing human crimes against women. It is associated with adverse medical and social problems. There is urgent need to sensitize the community about reporting early for medical treatment after sexual assault.  (+info)

Health care providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward and provision of emergency contraceptives in Lagos, Nigeria. (6/86)

CONTEXT: Emergency contraception can play an important role in reducing the rate of unintended pregnancies in Nigeria. Although it is included in the national family planning guidelines, there is limited awareness of this method among clients. METHODS: In 2003-2004, a sample of 256 health care providers within Lagos State were surveyed about their knowledge of, attitudes toward and provision of emergency contraceptives, using a 25-item, self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies were calculated for the various measures, and chi-square tests were used to determine significant differences. RESULTS: Nine in 10 providers had heard of emergency contraception, but many lacked specific knowledge about the method. Only half of them knew the correct time frame for effective use of emergency contraceptive pills, and three-fourths knew that the pills prevent pregnancy; more than a third incorrectly believed that they may act as an abortifacient. Fewer than a third of respondents who had heard of the pills knew that they are legal in Nigeria. Of those who had heard about emergency contraception, 58% had provided clients with emergency contraceptive pills, yet only 10% of these providers could correctly identify the drug, dose and timing of the first pill in the regimen. Furthermore, fewer than one in 10 of those who knew of emergency contraception said they always provided information to clients, whereas a fourth said they never did so. CONCLUSIONS: Nigerian health care providers urgently need education about emergency contraception; training programs should target the types of providers who are less knowledgeable about the method.  (+info)

Emergency contraceptive options available for adolescents. (7/86)

QUESTION: A 16-year-old female patient came into a clinic seeking consultation after unprotected coitus. What treatments are available if this patient does not want to continue with a pregnancy? ANSWER: Teen pregnancy is a substantial problem. Several emergency contraceptives exist, including the combined pill, the progesterone-only pill, and copper-bearing intrauterine devices. While many teenagers are unaware of these options, this armamentarium is very effective if used early after coitus and when further sexual activity is avoided for a few days.  (+info)

Contraceptive attitudes and contraceptive failure among women requesting induced abortion in Denmark. (8/86)

BACKGROUND: To elucidate how contraceptive attitudes among Danish-born and immigrant women influence the request of induced abortion. METHODS: A case-control study, the case group comprising 1095 Danish-born women and 233 immigrant women requesting abortion, in comparison with a control group of 1295 pregnant women intending to give birth. The analysis used hospital-based questionnaire interviews. RESULTS: Lack of contraceptive knowledge and experience of contraceptive problems were associated with the choice of abortion. This association was most pronounced among immigrant women, where women lacking knowledge had a 6-fold increased odds ratio (OR) and women having experienced problems a 5-fold increased OR for requesting abortion. Further, in this group of women, a partner's negative attitude towards contraception was associated with an 8-fold increased OR for requesting abortion. Contraceptive failure was prevalent; 21% of the women who did not plan to become pregnant but intended to give birth had experienced contraceptive failure. The same applied, respectively, for 45% of the Danish-born women and 36% of immigrant women, who requested abortion. Women who had experienced contraceptive failure were significantly more likely to request abortion. CONCLUSIONS: Immigrant women seem to have more difficulties in using contraception than Danish-born women. To address this problem, there is a need for culturally sensitive information campaigns targeting this heterogonous group of women.  (+info)

Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. Dedicated products, the Yuzpe regimen (Preven) and levonorgestrel (Plan B), were marketed in the United States after 1998 but had been available in Europe for years before that. A third approved method of emergency contraception is the insertion of an intrauterine device. Emergency contraception is about 75 to 85 percent effective. It is most effective when initiated within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. The mechanism of action may vary, depending on the day of the menstrual cycle on which treatment is started. Despite the large number of women who have received emergency contraception, there have been no reports of major adverse outcomes. If a woman becomes
A campaign to increase knowledge about emergency contraception has been identified as one of the relatively few interventions with the potential to reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy. This study relates variations in use of emergency contraception to population characteristics and identifies indicators which may be used to measure the impact of a campaign. The study is a secondary analysis of routinely collected data and health service indicators. Prescription data is used to compare districts and examine the population based factors which are associated with use of emergency contraception and termination of pregnancy. A stepwise multiple regression includes termination of pregnancy rates as the dependent variable. Uptake of prescriptions for emergency contraception and termination of pregnancy rates within FHSAs show a positive correlation (0.56). High use of both services is present in inner London FHSAs. A low termination rate combined with high emergency contraceptive use is typical of West
In addition, only 15% of women aged 18-45 who have been offered or have accessed emergency contraception say they have been offered the copper IUD. FSRH is concerned that these findings demonstrate a lack of awareness amongst women about the most effective form of emergency contraception. The findings also demonstrate a need for more visible guidance for healthcare professionals in this area to ensure that women are offered the copper IUD as the most effective form of emergency contraception.. Today FSRH launches its new Emergency Contraception guideline, which aims to bridge this gap in awareness and knowledge. The guideline gives clear evidence-based information to UK healthcare professionals, nurses, doctors, pharmacists and all those involved in advising and caring for women who wish access emergency contraception.. In line with NICE guidance, recommendations mark a new emphasis on healthcare professionals advising women that the copper IUD, is the most effective method of emergency ...
From a medical perspective, emergency contraception is safe and effective, although not as effective in preventing pregnancy as routinely used contraceptives. Despite its usefulness in the event of contraceptive lapse or failure, emergency contraception continues to provoke controversy. Central issues leading to debate include the uncertainty of its mechanism of action and, more recently, concerns about the impact of over-the-counter availability, which the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) denied in its May 2004 decision.. The way emergency contraception prevents pregnancy is not precisely defined, but it likely works by means of several mechanisms, including inhibition of ovulation, prevention of fertilization, and interference with implantation.1-3 To some persons, any post-fertilization effect is tantamount to abortion. Others, including the FDA, the National Institutes of Health, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, define abortion only as disruption of an ...
Emergency contraception is birth control you can use to prevent pregnancy up to five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. There are two types of emergency contraception: morning-after pills, and the copper IUD.. PPKeystone offers a variety of Emergency Contraception options, including:. ...
Emergency contraceptives are methods of preventing pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse (usually up to 72 hours after). They do not protect against sexually transmitted infections. Emergency contraception is not abortion, although some people who object to abortion also object to emergency contraception.
The Copper T IUD when inserted into the intrauterine cavity within 5 days of unprotected intercourse is greater than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. It is also a permanent form of contraception that is now approved for 12 continuous years of use.. None of the forms of Emergency Contraception mentioned above protect against being exposed or getting a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) including HIV as only condoms are able to do.. Top of page. What is Plan B Emergency Contraceptive?. Plan B Emergency Contraceptive is a progestin-only pill composed of levonorgestrel in a dose of 1.5 milligrams. It was first approved by the FDA in 1999 where it was taken as .75 mg 12 hours apart. It was later found to be just as effective with no difference in side effects or efficiency when taken as a single pill which improves patient compliance. Progestin is one of two hormones found in birth control pills that prevents ovulation (release of eggs from ovary) and causes cervical mucus thickening (prevent ...
About 1 in 5 pharmacies incorrectly denies teen girls access to emergency contraception (EC), or the morning after pill, according to a new study. Posing as either 17-year-old girls or doctors seeking Plan B emergency contraception for their 17-year-old patients, researchers from Boston Univers...
What is emergency contraception? Emergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy if: You had sex without using birth control. Your birth control method failed. Maybe you forgot to take your pill or get your shot, the condom broke or came off, or your diaphragm slipped. You were sexually...
Emergency contraception pronunciation - How to properly say Emergency contraception. Listen to the audio pronunciation in several English accents.
ABSTRACT: Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of emergency contraception, emphasize the importance of increasing access, and review new methods of emergency contraception and limitations in efficacy in special po... ...
Combe International, the makers of Vagisil, have entered the emergency contraceptive market. Here the companys CEO Keech Combe Shetty explains why the company is giving away $1 million in emergency contraception pills.
This is a pilot randomized controlled trial to assess the effects of advanced supply of emergency contraception versus routine care in a teen postpartum population. The goals are to assess feasibility of recruiting and retaining postpartum teens; to obtain estimates of the prevalence of (use of Plan B, primary contraceptive continuation, unprotected intercourse exposure, and pregnancy rates), in postpartum teens given advanced supply of Plan B; to assess whether or not (lack of use of Plan B, contraceptive method non-continuation, and unprotected intercourse exposure), are surrogate markers for risk of unintended pregnancy ...
We get a lot of questions from teens who are wondering if they can prevent pregnancy after intercourse, whether the concern is due to a broken condom or from not using any method of contraception in the first place. Regardless of how it happened, there is something that can reduce the risk of pregnancy if used within 120 hours (or with an IUD, eight days) of your risk. That something is Emergency Contraception.
In fact, in a systematic review published in 2007, twenty-three studies published between 1998 and 2006, and analyzed by James Trussells team at Princeton University, measured the effect of increased EC access on EC use, unintended pregnancy, and abortion. Not a single study among the 23 found a reduction in unintended pregnancies or abortions following increased access to emergency contraception (see also fact sheet here ...
A new wave in the quiet revolution in contraceptive use in Nepal: the rise of emergency contraception. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
If youve had unprotected sex, or your birth control method failed, there are still options available. Emergency contraception can prevent unwanted pregnancy.
Question - Had unprotected sex. Can belara tablets be used for emergency contraception?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Belara, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
The emergency contraception pill does not contain any estrogen; it only contains progestin. Emergency contraception is used in women to prevent pregnancy after a birth control failure such as a broken condom, or after unprotected sex.. This progestin hormone prevents pregnancy through two distinct pathways. First, this medication works to prevent the release of an egg during normal ovulation. Second, this medication changes the texture of the cervical mucus and the wall of the uterus making it much more difficult for an egg and sperm to meet, and more difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine wall. This medication is not effective once a fertilized egg has implanted in the uterine wall.. This medication is a single-dose tablet of levonorgestrel 1.5 mg tablet. This medication is effective in decreasing the chance of pregnancy and should be taken as soon as possible within 72 hours after unprotected sex.. This category of emergency contraceptives is available as an over-the-counter ...
Emergency Contraception:. Because accidents happen we offer emergency contraception including Ella, Plan B (the morning after pill), and the copper IUD. You have up to 5 days after unprotected sex to use emergency contraception.. If you have questions, want more information, or need emergency contraception, please call or come in to one of our clinics today.. For more information about the birth control methods listed here, please click here.. ...
There are 2 types of emergency contraception which can be taken up to 5 days after unprotected sex. Order online with free next day delivery.
Call (585) 279-4890 to get the Plan B or morning after pill emergency contraception, and other affordable and confidential birth control services for teens and adults. Walk-ins are welcome. Free bus passes are available.
The morning after pill, emergency contraception cost (price) and effectiveness at the Youngstown Health Center. Trusted health care for nearly 100 years by Planned Parenthood.
Buy the emergency contraception pill from 121doc with free same or next day delivery. We ship products in plain packaging with no reference to 121doc.
Dear Reader,. Theres minimal chance of your girlfriend becoming pregnant from what seems like an understandable curiosity about what condom-less penetration feels like. From what youve written, it sounds like you were pretty careful. However, these precautionary measures dont guarantee 100 percent contraceptive effectiveness, as you later realized, even if you were inside her ever so briefly.. If you and your girlfriend are concerned about the possibility of conception, then emergency contraception (EC) is an option. EC needs to be taken within 72 hours (though it may still have some effectiveness up to 120 hours) of condomless sex, sex that occurred when no birth control method was used, or if used, failed. However, the earlier you take it, the more effective it will be at preventing pregnancy. Several vareities of EC, including Plan B One-Step and its generic versions, are available on-the-shelf in the family planning aisles of many pharmacies and drugstores. This means that anyone, ...
ReachMD is an XM Satelite Radio channel geared toward medical professionals. They discuss a wide variety of topics on their show and have a website where much of the radio content is archived. This podcast is an interview by a primary care physician with Dr. Robert Hatcher (of Contraceptive Technology fame) about emergency contraception. If…
The Colombian High Court has just ruled in favor of a governmental health agencys right to distribute emergency contraception pills within in public health care system.
A new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health finds that pharmacy staff frequently give teens misleading or incorrect information about emergency contraception that may prevent them from getting the medication.
Female MPs have waded into the Boots debate, as it was revealed that the pharmacist purposefully keeps the cost of emergency contraception high in a bid to avoid being accused of “incentivising inappropriate use”.
I have found that while people are pretty interested in the topic of emergency contraception, theres not a lot of understanding about how it does (or doesnt work). In fact, I continue to be surprised at how many SANE/SAFE trainings out there dont really cover much about EC beyond the type of meds and doses…
The emergency contraception debate continues to create controversy in the United States. This highly charged debate still has emotions running high.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) -- the European version of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) -- launched a broad review of whether body weight influences the ability of emergency contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancies.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, trying to skirt a federal ban on non-prescription sale of emergency contraceptives to girls under 17, says physicians should write scripts in advance. This is good public health. - Michael Yudell, Philadelphia Inquirer
Who do I see: Contraception Clinic / Community Pharmacy / GP. Advice: If you are under 25 you can get emergency contraception free from a selection of pharmacies in Bromley, Contraception Clinics and GPs. This service is also available for people over 25, however, you may have to pay. To find out more about the types of emergency contraception available, how soon you need to take it and where you can get it from please visit the Bromley Sexual Health services website or please find your nearest community pharmacy. For other issues please book an appointment online, or contact reception on Tudor Way Surgery 01689 820 268 or Bromley Park Medical Centre 0203 121 2005 to make an appointment.. ...
For the emergency physician, sexual assault represents the most common presenting complaint associated with the potential for an unintended pregnancy. Annually, approximately 40,000 people in the United States visit EDs after sexual assault. Pregnancy is estimated to occur in approximately 5% of sexual assaults. Thus, pregnancy prevention is an important part of the care for these patients. For the emergency physician, EC represents the most viable treatment option. However, while highly effective when used properly, it is associated with a number of issues that make i...
More than a dozen people protested outside Harris Teeter in Ballston this morning (Monday), urging the grocery store to make it easier to access a form of emergency contraception.. Protestors gathered near the store at 600 N. Glebe Road just after 10 a.m. holding signs and chanting, urging the grocery store to put Plan B One Step on its shelves. Currently, customers must pick up a card on the shelf for Plan B and take it to either a pharmacist or store manager to redeem it.. Plan B is a time-sensitive medication to prevent unintended pregnancy when taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex, but the sooner it can be taken, the more effective it is.. The protest was organized by Reproaction, a direct action group formed two years ago to help increase access to abortion and reproductive justice: the right to parent, the right not to parent and the right to raise children in safe and healthy communities.. For over four years, the FDA has authorized emergency contraception to be sold on the shelf to ...
that depends. plan b one-step and generic levonorgestrel work best if you take them within 3 days after sex, but they may work up to 5 days after sex.
Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting. But discussing issues like abstinence, STDs, and birth control can help lower teens risk of unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.
There are many brands of levonorgestrel-based pills that you can buy over the counter at your local drugstore or pharmacy. Some of these include: Plan B, My Choice, My Way, Next Choice, and Preventeza. Another great place to purchase the levonorgestrel-based pills is your local abortion clinic-they typically sell it for $20!. Note: The brand, Plan B can be expensive (around $40-$60) so check out the generic brands like My Choice or My Way which are cheaper, around $20 and just as effective!. If you dont want to go into a store to purchase EC, you can use the pharmacy drive-thru to purchase it! You can also check out the pharmacys curbside pick-up options or an app that will deliver it to you (i.e. Postmates, Favor, Instacart and Amazon). If youd prefer to order online for discretion but suspect your online activity is being monitored, remember the following:. ...
Depends on your method of choice; ParaGard is super effective and the pill methods are a bit less effective. Note: When we talk about effectiveness we mean typical use numbers or what happens when couples used this method of birth control prettywell; it accounts for human errors and occasional contraceptive failure. BUT, teenagers are often not as careful as older people in using these methods, so real typical use rates for teens may be a little worse than what you see here. Keep that in mind as youre looking at the options and remember that for birth control to be effective, you have to use it consistently and correctly every single time.. ...
In 2002, the NZ law changed to allow pharmacists to supply levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills. Pharmacists must be accredited to supply ECP according to standards from the Pharmacy Council.. The aims of this training are to examine the clinical aspects of emergency contraception and to prepare the pharmacist for the supply of the levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pill (ECP).. College Education and Training provide a training course for pharmacists to become accredited to provide the ECP. ...
Question - Had unprotected sex. Washed vagina after sex. Took emergency contraceptive pill. Chances of pregnancy?. Ask a Doctor about uses, dosages and side-effects of Levonorgestrel, Ask a General & Family Physician
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Not all birth control pills can be used for emergency contraception but some can. Here you will find all the birth control pill brands available worldwide that contain the hormones that have been most widely studied and found to be safe and effective as emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills or day after pills).. Two types of birth control pills have been well researched in clinical trials for their use as emergency contraception. The first contains levonorgestrel, a form of the female hormone progesterone; they are often called progestin-only or mini pills. The second contains levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol, a form of the female hormone estrogen; they are often referred to as combined pills.. ...
Emergency contraception helps prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Emergency contraception isnt meant to be used in place of routine birth control - but its an option if youve had unprotected sex, your method of birth control failed or you missed a birth control pill.. To be effective, emergency contraception must be used as soon as possible after unprotected sex. In the U.S., two types of emergency contraception are available: emergency contraceptive pills and the copper intrauterine device (IUD).. Emergency contraception pills are also known as the morning-after pill. Emergency contraception pills - such as Next Choice One Dose, Plan B One-Step and Ella - can be used up to five days after unprotected sex. However, the pills are more effective the sooner you take them.. Another option is a copper IUD (ParaGard). To prevent pregnancy, the IUD must be inserted within five days after unprotected sex.. ...
Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs). There are three types of ECPs: combined ECPs containing both estrogen and progestin, progestin-only ECPs, and ECPs containing an antiprogestin (either mifepristone or ulipristal acetate). Even though mifepristone (RU486) is available and FDA approved in the United States to induce abortion, it is not approved for use as an emergency contraceptive. Normally medications that are FDA approved can be used for other medical indications. In the United States, due to a special approval process, mifepristone can only be used to induce abortion. RU486 is commonly used in China as an emergency contraceptive and in random studies has been shown to be more effective than Plan B in preventing pregnancy using as little as 10 mgs orally if taken within 96 hours of unprotected intercourse. Only the combined estrogen and progesterone birth control pills (Yuzpe method) and progesterone-only pill called Plan B (levonorgestrel) are available for use in the U.S. as ECPs. The ...
Plan B, Plan B One-Step, morning after pill, emergency contraception. Plantiffs in the case, such as the Center for Reproductive Rights, have charged that the government unnecessarily restricts access to the emergency birth control. U.S. District Judge Edward Korman questioned the government's motivation for granting non-prescription status to just Plan B One-Step and urged the government to reconsider. However, the judge has not yet made a ruling on the proposal. Marketing exclusivity means that no other manufacturer will be permitted to market its products over-the-counter for three years Korman wrote. This confers a near-monopoly that will only result in making a one-pill emergency contraceptive more expensive and thus less accessible to many poor women. Korman also voiced frustration with the government's delay in approving over-the-counter sales of a drug that would be among the safest drugs available to children and adults.
|i|Background|/i|: Emergency contraception is a method to prevent unwanted or unintended pregnancies that could happen after unprotected sexual intercourse. It is a type of modern contraception that can be used following wrong use of contraception. In Ethiopia studies conducted in health facilities showed that unintended pregnancies and unprotected sexual intercourse are causing major reproductive health problems to adolescents. |i|Objective|/i|: to assess the utilization of emergency contraception and associated factors among Technical and Vocational education training college female students in Shashemene town from June 10 - 30/2018. |i|Method|/i|: an institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among Shashemene town Technical and Vocational education training college female students in June 2018. Collected data was entered into EPIINF version 7 and exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Association between dependent and independent variable was assessed using adjusted odds ratio with 95%
European drug regulators are warning that the emergency contraceptive called Plan B does not work in women who weigh 176 pounds or more. The warning follows a September study showing an increased number of pregnancies in women who had taken Plan B.
OTC emergency contraceptive (EC) use is both an ethically and therapeutically charged issue. Ethically, controversy arises over product mechanism of action (MOA) and, therapeutically, around unintended use as routine contraception. In order to help facilitate understanding, pharmacists can review the trials evaluating drug MOA, along with the risks, contraindications, counseling points, and public health implications of emergency contraception.. History and Proposed MOA. Hormonal post-coital contraception was first introduced in the late 1970s by Yuzpe and Lance, who suggested use of 0.1 mg ethinyl estradiol/0.5 mg levonorgestrel within 72 hours of intercourse followed by repeat dosing 12 hours later.1 This was standard post-coital contraception until introduction of the levonorgestrel only method.1 Currently, 1.5 mg levonorgestrel once, or two 0.75 mg levonorgestrel doses separated by 12 hours, have emerged as gold standards- with the former preferred over the latter.. Current research is ...
EC is a type of modern contraception which is indicated after unprotected sexual intercourse, following sexual abuse, misuse of regular contraception or non use of contraception [1]. EC plays a vital role in preventing unintended pregnancy, which in turn helps to reduce unintended child birth and unsafe abortion, which are major problems of maternal health [1]. EC is found to be effective if used as soon as possible after unprotected sexual intercourse, especially within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse [2].. There are two types of ECs namely, emergency contraceptive pills and intrauterine devices (IUDs). The pills include combined oral contraceptive pills (COCs), and a progestin only pills (POPs); IUDs can be effective if it is inserted within 5 days of unprotected sexual intercourse [3]. EC is said to be safe with minor side effects like nausea and vomiting in case of pills and infection for IUDs if not used properly [3]. Effectiveness of EC said to be 75% in case of COCs and 85% in ...
The Food and Drug Administration on Friday approved an emergency contraceptive pill that can be taken up to five days after unprotected sex. The product, a prescription-only tablet, will be marketed in the U.S. by Watson Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The company said the product will be sold as ella and will be available starting in the fourth quarter.
WHEN SHOULD SEEK ATTENTION FROM HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL? Immediate consultation with healthcare professional is necessary if absent or irregular menstrual periods, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, hypomenorrhea, oligomenorrhea etc occurs.. PRECAUTIONS AND WARNINGS SetfreeTM must be used exceptionally; since it does not allow to prevent a pregnancy in every instance, the associated hormonal overdosing is not advisable in case of regular intake, it can not replace a regular contraception. After taking Setfreemenstrual period usually occurs at the expected date nevertheless, it can occur earlier or later by a few days. After taking this tablet, it is therefore mandatory to check the absence of pregnancy by performing a pregnancy test in case of abnormal bleeding at the date of expected period or in case of menstrual delay of more than 5 days.. USE IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION Setfree T is not indicated in case of pre-existing pregnancy and can not interrupt it in case of failure of this contraceptive mean ...
The emergency contraceptive pill contains Levonorgestrel, a synthetic progestogen similar to Progesterone.. ​. It can be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex or contraceptive failure. It is most effective when taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex or contraceptive failure, ideally within the first 24 hours. ​. It is also know as Plan B One-Step, Next Choice, My Way, Take Action, Aftera, EContra EZ, Fallback Solo, Opcicon One-Step, React and Postinor. ​. ...
I had unprotected sex ;he didnt ejaculate inside . So i took an emergency contraceptive pill next morning to be on the safe side. And now it been over 22days i am not having period. I have done hc
Emergency contraceptive pills are becoming more widely available to men and women. Plan B One-Step, a brand of emergency contraception, is now available to all ages in the United States and is sold Two-pill versions of emergency contraception are still sold … Continue reading →. ...
There's a new form of emergency contraceptive on the market. On Friday, the F.D.A. approved ella, a pill that can be taken as many as five days after unprotected sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancies, reported.
In summary, decreased endometrial thickness and decreased L-selectin ligands expression may be the earliest features of the antiprogestational effect of CDB-2914 in the luteal phase, heralding other endometrial changes. In our studies, endometrial maturation appeared to be more vulnerable to a small, single dose given in the follicular phase than with a single dose given either in early or mid-luteal phase. Whether this is a direct endometrial effect or secondary to an ovarian effect is not known. Taken together, these endometrial effects in the absence of ovarian and menstrual cycle effects suggest mechanisms by which CDB-2914 might be effective as an emergency contraceptive (28 ...
Dive into the research topics of An intervention to improve advance emergency contraceptive prescribing practices among academic primary care physicians. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
See an archive of all emergency contraceptive stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, Vulture, and Grub Street.
The most effective way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex is with an intrauterine device (IUD), a new study finds.. Researchers reviewed 42 previous studies involving a total of 7,034 women who had an IUD inserted after unprotected sex, and found that 0.9 percent of the women subsequently became pregnant.. The study did not directly compare IUDs with emergency contraception pills, but other studies of women taking the pills have shown that 1.4 to 3 percent become pregnant, said study researcher Kelly Cleland, a public health researcher at Princeton University.. The notion that IUDs can prevent pregnancy after intercourse is not widely known.. I think that IUDs are not at all on the radar of most women, Cleland said. The idea of using an IUD as emergency contraception is completely new to most people.. In the U.S., IUDs are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use as emergency contraception; this would be an off-label use. But doctors guidelines say this use is ...
The findings go on to cite recommendations for EC information provision, and the drugs safety and efficacy in preventing unintended pregnancy. This legislation correctly locates EC, given the scientific evidence, as a means of preventing, but not terminating, a pregnancy. Previous Governor Bill Owens vetoed a similar bill in spring of 2004. When Ritter ran for the Governors seat, he included a platform of reducing unintended pregnancies through better family planning, better access to health care including birth control and emergency contraception, providing responsible sex education, and promoting adoption. Ritter also stated, Improving education, health care and our economy - which will be the top priorities for my administration - will do more to improve the lives of children and reduce the number of abortions in our country than a divisive focus on punishing the women who find themselves turning to it as a solution. ...
This eMedTV resource provides more details on emergency contraception and the abortion pill, including how many doctor visits are required when using mifepristone. Instructions are also given on what to do if you have any questions.
Democratic senators have introduced a new bill to raise awareness about emergency contraception and make it available to rape survivors at federally funded hospitals.. The Emergency Contraception Access and Education Act of 2014 was introduced by Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.), with Sens. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) and Cory Booker (D-N.J.) signing on as co-sponsors. The bill would ensure that any hospital receiving Medicare or Medicaid funds provides accurate information and timely access to emergency contraception for survivors of sexual assault, regardless of whether or not they can pay for it. It would also require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to disseminate information on emergency contraception to pharmacists and health care providers.. ...
The American Academy of Pediatrics is fighting back against teen pregnancy with revised recommendations on emergency contraception. The organization is encouraging physicians to talk about medications like Plan B and Next Choice in their discussions with their adolescent patients -- both boys and gi...
Doctors give trusted answers on uses, effects, side-effects, and cautions: Dr. Nwanguma on emergency contraception protect sexually: The two are not related.
Trust Women South Wind Womens Center offers emergency contraception at an affordable price with no appointment or prescription necessary.
Misinformation, lack of awareness about accessibility and stigma may be a barrier to the use of emergency contraception in Hamilton.
It has been suggested (mostly by internet rumours) that it could be dangerous to take the ECP more than one or twice in your life. The following is an excerpt from the World Health Organizations (WHO) site which throws light on this subject:. Emergency contraceptive pills are for emergency use only and are not appropriate for regular use as an ongoing contraceptive method because of the higher possibility of failure compared with non-emergency contraceptives. In addition, frequent use of emergency contraception can result in side-effects such as menstrual irregularities, although their repeated use poses no known health risks.. In other words, you shouldnt take the ECP very often because: 1) youd rather take the regular contraceptive pills and you will be better protected from unwanted pregnancy; 2) you may get some abnormal periods; BUT NOT because its dangerous!. In fact, the Royal College of Obstetricians, says that the LNG pill can be used even more than once in the same cycle. ...
Yesterday the New York Times published a report on the alleged abortion-inducing properties of emergency contraceptives such as Plan B and Ella. These drugs carry FDA-mandated labels stating that in addition to delaying ovulation, they may also prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg in a womans uterus. That second assertion may not be supported by the latest scientific evidence, according to the NYTs Pam Belluck: Studies have not established that emergency contraceptive pills prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the womb, leading scientists say. Rather, the pills delay ovulation, the release of eggs from ovaries that occurs before eggs are fertilized, and some pills also thicken cervical mucus so sperm have trouble swimming. It turns out that the politically charged debate over morning-after pills and abortion, a divisive issue in this election year, is probably rooted in outdated or incorrect scientific guesses about how the pills work. Because they block creation of fertilized ...
The use of hormonal contraceptive pills in women with HIV is complex due to potential interactions between these agents and HIV medications. HIV-infected women taking efavirenz have an even greater need for effective birth control as this medication may cause severe brain damage to a developing fetus. The use of an emergency contraceptive agent in cases of unprotected sex or condom failure can prevent pregnancy. This study seeks to establish that Plan B can be used effectively and safely in women taking efavirenz ...
Up to 72 hours after rape, women can receive medication to prevent their pregnancies. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two drugs for emergency contraception: levonorgestrel (Plan B®) and levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol (Preven®). These drugs are similar to birth control pills, but they contain higher dosages of hormones. The first dose of emergency contraception pills can be taken up to 72 after the rape occurs. The second dose is taken 12 hours after the first. These drugs are most effective when taken as soon as possible after intercourse. These drugs are not considered abortive because they work by preventing or delaying the release of an egg (ovulation), thereby preventing the pregnancy from occurring. These drugs may also slow the movement of the egg or sperm in the fallopian tubes, making it harder for an embryo to implant in the uterus. Emergency contraception is available over-the-counter for women ages 18 and older. Victims of rape who are younger than 18 ...
A new emergency contraceptive, ellaOne, is a step closer to approval in the United States. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) medical advisors unanimously agreed that it is safe and effective in preventing pregnancy for five days after unprotected sex by preventing the release of an egg. It is planned to be marketed under the name ella in the United States and would require a prescription. One panelist, Dr. Kathleen Hoeger, told Reuters The efficacy data was very convincing. Hoeger is a University of Rochester Medical Center obstetrician and gynecologist. EllaOne was approved in Europe last year and The FDA is expected to provide a final decision by October. Erin Gainer, chief executive of HRA Pharma of Paris, said to the Seattle Times, There is a great unmet need out there for emergency contraception that is effective as this for so long. According to USA Today , the pill has been proven in studies to be more effective than the current leading emergency contraceptive, levonrgestrel. ...
NEW YORK -- Politics, not science, led the FDA to delay approval of the emergency contraceptive Plan B and when the agency finally did okay the morning-after pill, politics dictated the access it allo
If you are single, the surest way to avoid pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection is abstinence, and it always works. If you are married, the modern methods of Natural Family Planning (NFP) are the safest, healthiest, least toxic, and least expensive means for family planning. Victims of rape or sexual abuse need and deserve the best medical care and human support possible. The additional stress and health risks of emergency contraception add further harm. (Pregnancy due to rape is estimated at 5%).27 For the vast majority of these women, emergency contraceptives impose significant health risks with no benefit. If conception has already occurred, then a very early abortion is the only means for emergency contraception to be effective. Abortion carries with it many serious adverse consequences such as increased rates of breast cancer, depression, anxiety, suicidal behaviors, and substance use disorders.28 A far safer approach is to carry the child to term. Adoption is always an ...
The Emergency Contraceptive Pill (ECP), otherwise known as the morning after pill, should be taken within 72 hours (three days) of unprotected sexual intercourse.. Most pharmacies and GPs or doctors in Nelson,Tasman and Marlborough provide free ECP to women who are eligible to access publicly funded healthcare in New Zealand.. ...
Some conservative politicians have been stating publicly that emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), such as Plan B, cause abortions. They may believe that life begins at conception (fertilization of the egg by the sperm) and argue that ECPs disrupt a fertilized eggs ability to implant in the uterus, which they consider equivalent to abortion. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and experts from the Food and Drug Administration and the National Institutes of Health consider a pregnancy to be established when a fertilized egg settles itself on the wall of the uterus - implantation. A woman is most likely to become pregnant when she ovulates, which is usually about two weeks before her next period. Sperm can live for up to three days. So, if an egg is fertilized, there are still possibly six to 12 days before the implantation may take place.. When ECPs were first developed and information about them was submitted to the FDA for market approval, the drug manufacturers included ...
Estrogen and progesterone pills are used as oral contraceptive pills, emergency contraceptive pills or as hormone replacement therapy in several hormonal disorders. Thyroxin or levothyroxin pills are used to treat hypothyroidism or an underactive thyroid gland. Levothyroxin is also used to treat cretinism in infants.. Gonadotropin hormones that regulate the secretions of sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone are used to treat several disease conditions, infertility and prostrate disorders.. Steroids may be given in the form of pills to treat several allergic, inflammatory or autoimmune conditions. They may be used in the inhaled form in bronchial asthma or as nasal sprays in allergic rhinitis. Steroid injections may also be given in cases of emergency such as acute asthma attack or shock. In addition, anabolic steroids can increase muscle growth and are administered to treat certain muscular and other developmental disorders.. Insulin hormone injections are used to treat individuals ...
The emergency contraceptive pill (ECP), more commonly known as Plan B or the morning-after pill, can be used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or the failure of a primary birth control method. The name morning after is misleading: it can (and should) be taken sooner than the morning after or a few days after intercourse. The… ...
Labels inside every box of morning-after pills, drugs widely used to prevent pregnancy after sex, say they may work by blocking fertilized eggs from implanting in a womans uterus. But an examination by The New York Times has found that the federally approved labels and medical websites do not reflect what the science shows. Studies have not established that emergency contraceptive pills prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the womb, leading scientists say. Rather, the pills delay ovulation, the release of eggs from ovaries that occurs before eggs are fertilized, and some pills also thicken cervical mucus so sperm have trouble swimming.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it has approved the sale of the emergency contraceptive pill, Plan B One-Step, without a prescription for females ages 15 and older. The action comes roughly three weeks after a federal magistrate harshly criticized government regulators...
The nations largest abortion provider, Planned Parenthood, has funded a project to install a vending dispenser that contains free Plan B emergency contraceptive pills for students at a New England college that costs about $50,000 per year to attend.
1 Answer - Posted in: plan b, weight, condom - Answer: Emergency contraceptive pills are a huge dose of artificial hormone, & ...

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